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EX-32.2 - Toughbuilt Industries, Incex32-2.htm
EX-32.1 - Toughbuilt Industries, Incex32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - Toughbuilt Industries, Incex31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - Toughbuilt Industries, Incex31-1.htm
EX-10.23 - Toughbuilt Industries, Incex10-23.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ___ until ___

 

Commission File Number 001-38739

 

TOUGHBUILT INDUSTRIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   46-0820877
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation organization)   Identification No.)

 

25371 Commercentre Drive, Suite 200

Lake Forest, CA

  92630
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (949) 528-3100

 

Securities Registered under Section 12(b) of the Act

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common stock   TBLT   NASDAQ CAPITAL MARKET
Series A Warrants   TBLTW   NASDAQ CAPITAL MARKET

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ]   Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [X]   Smaller reporting company [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

[X] Emerging growth company

 

[  ] If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

The aggregate market value of the 23,186,931 shares of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 30, 2019 was $8,092,239.

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

    Shares Outstanding
Title of Class   March 27, 2020
Common Stock   109,990,257

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

None.

 

 

 

   
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I    
     
Item 1. Description of Business 4
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 13
     
Item 2. Properties 13
     
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 13
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 13
     
PART II    
     
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Securities 14
     
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations 15
     
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data F-1
     
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 23
     
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 23
     
PART III    
     
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 23
     
Item 11. Executive Compensation 29
     
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 36
     
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 36
     
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services 38
     
PART IV    
     
Item 15. Exhibits 38
     
Item 16. 10-K Summary 39

 

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Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Information

 

This Report on Form 10-K, in particular Part II Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements represent our expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies concerning future events, including, but not limited to, any statements regarding our assumptions about financial performance; the continuation of historical trends; the sufficiency of our cash balances for future liquidity and capital resource needs; the expected impact of changes in accounting policies on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows; anticipated problems and our plans for future operations; and the economy in general or the future of the defense industry, all of which were subject to various risks and uncertainties.

 

When used in this Report on Form 10- K and other reports, statements, and information we have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission” or “SEC”), in our press releases, presentations to securities analysts or investors, in oral statements made by or with the approval of an executive officer, the words or phrases “believes,” “may,” “will,” “expects,” “should,” “continue,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “will likely result,” “estimates,” “projects” or similar expressions and variations thereof are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. However, any statements contained in this Report on Form 10-K that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. We caution that these statements by their nature involve risks and uncertainties, certain of which are beyond our control, and actual results may differ materially depending on a variety of important factors.

 

We do not assume the obligation to update any forward-looking statement. You should carefully evaluate such statements in light of factors described in this annual report. In this Form 10-K, ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (“ToughBuilt”) has identified important factors that could cause actual results to differ from expected or historic results. You should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, you should not consider any such list to be a complete list of all potential risks or uncertainties.

 

 3 
 

 

PART I

 

Item 1 Description of Business

 

Overview

 

Our company was formed on April 9, 2012 as Phalanx, Inc., under the laws of the State of Nevada and changed its name to ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. on December 29, 2015. We were formed to design, manufacture and distribute innovative tools and accessories to the building industry. We market and distribute various home improvement and construction product lines for both do-it-yourself (“DIY”) and professional markets under the TOUGHBUILT® brand name, within the global multibillion dollar per year tool market. All of our products are designed by our in-house design team. Since our initial launch of product sales eight years ago, we have experienced significant annual sales growth from approximately $1,000,000 in 2013 to $20,000,000 in 2019.

 

Since August 2013, pursuant to a Service Agreement, we have been collaborating with Belegal, a Chinese firm, whose team of experts has provided ToughBuilt with additional engineering, sourcing services and quality control support for our operations in China. Belegal assists us with supply-chain management (process and operations in China) for our operations in China, among other things, facilitating the transmission of our purchase orders to our suppliers in China, conducting “in-process” quality checking and inspection, and shipping end-products manufactured in China to their final destinations. In accordance with the agreement, we pay all of the monthly costs for payroll, overhead and other operation expenses associated with the Belegal’s activities on behalf of ToughBuilt.

 

Our business is currently based on development of innovative and state of the art products, primarily in tools and hardware category, with particular focus on building and construction industry with the ultimate goal of making life easier and more productive for contractors and workers alike. Our current product line includes two major categories related to this field, with several additional categories in various stages of development, consisting of Soft Goods and Kneepads and Sawhorses and Work Products.

 

ToughBuilt designs and manages its product life cycles through a controlled and structured process. We involve customers and industry experts from our target markets in the definition and refinement of our product development. Product development emphasis is placed on meeting and exceeding industry standards and product specifications, ease of integration, ease of use, cost reduction, design-for manufacturability, quality and reliability.

 

Our mission consists, of providing products to the building and home improvement communities that are innovative, of superior quality derived in part from enlightened creativity for our end users while enhancing performance, improving well-being and building high brand loyalty.

 

 4 
 

 

Recent Business Developments

 

The following highlights recent developments in our business over the past five years:

 

  In 2018, we entered into contractual agreements with two additional distributors and retailers.
     
  We launched a new line of miter-saw stands with three different SKUs and a new line of gloves with 16 different SKUs. Our sales increased from $14,201,836 in 2017 to $15,289,400 in 2018.
     
  In November 2018, we completed our initial public offering, pursuant to which we received net proceeds of $12,415,500 after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $934,500. The Company incurred $743,765 in expenses related to the initial public offering.
     
  On August 19, 2019, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an institutional investor pursuant to which it sold $11.5 million aggregate principal amount of promissory notes (at an aggregate original issue discount of 15%) to the investor in a transaction exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
     
  In the January 28, 2020 public offering, the Company sold 43 million shares of its common stock and 47.45 million warrants (each exercisable into ½ of a share of common stock for a total of 23.725 million shares of common stock) from which it received gross proceeds of $9,030,000 (less underwriters discount of $722,400 for net proceeds of $8,307,600).
     
  On February 24, 2020, ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) closed on the public offering of 4.45 million shares of its common stock, for gross proceeds of $934,500 (less underwriters discount of $74,760 for net proceeds of $859,740) based upon the overallotment option arising from the closing of its January 28, 2020 public offering.

 

Products

 

We create innovative products that help our customers build faster, build stronger and work smarter. We accomplish this by listening to what our customers want and need and researching how professionals work, then we create tools that help them save time, save hassle and save money.

 

TOUGHBUILT® manufactures and distributes an array of high quality and rugged tool belts, tool bags and other personal tool organizer products. We also manufacture and distribute a complete line of knee pads for various construction applications. Our line of job-site tools and material support products consists of a full line of miter-saw and table saw stands and saw horses/job site tables and roller stands. All of our products are designed and engineered in the United States and manufactured in China and India under our quality control supervision. We do not need government approval for any of our products.

 

Our soft sided tool storage line is designed for a wide range of do-it-yourself and professional needs. This line of pouches and tool and accessories bags is designed to organize our customers’ tools faster and easier. Interchangeable pouches clip on and off any belt, bag ladder wall or vehicle. Our products let our customers carry what they want so they have it when they want it.

 

ToughBuilt’s wide mouth tool carry-all bags come in sizes from 12 inches to 30 inches. They all have steel reinforced handles and padded shoulder straps which allow for massive loads to be carried with ease. Rigid plastic hard-body lining protects everything inside. Double mesh pockets included inside provide complete visibility for stored items. They include a lockable zipper for added security and safety and secondary side handles for when it takes more than one to carry the load.

 

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All of these products have innovative designs with unique features that provide extra functionality and enhanced user experience. Patented features such as our exclusive “Cliptech” mechanism incorporated in some of the products in this line are unique in these products for the industry and have distinguished the line from other similarly situated products thus we believe, increasing appeal amongst the other products of this category in the professional community and among the enthusiasts.

 

Soft Goods

 

The flagship of the product line is the Soft Goods line that consists of over 100 variations of tool pouches, tool rigs, tool belts and accessories, tools bags, totes, variety of storage solutions, and office organizers/bags for laptop/tablet/cellphones, etc. Management believes that the breadth of the line is one of the deepest in the industry and has specialized designs to suit professionals from all sectors of the industry including plumbers, electricians, framers, builders and more.

 

We have a selection of over 10 models of kneepads, some with revolutionary and patented design features that allow the users to interchange components to suit particular conditions of use. Management believes that these kneepads are among the best performing kneepads in the industry. Our “all terrain” knee pad protection with snapshell technology is part of our interchangeable kneepad system which helps to customize the jobsite needs. They are made with superior quality using multilevel layered construction, heavy duty webbing and abrasion-resistant PVC rubber.

 

Sawhorses and Work Products

 

The second major category consists of Sawhorses and Work Support products with unique designs and robust construction targeted for the most discerning users in the industry. The innovative designs and construction of the more than 15 products in this category have led to the sawhorses becoming among the best sellers of category everywhere they are sold. The newest additions in this category include several stands and work support products that are quickly gaining recognition in the industry and are expected to position themselves in the top tier products in a short time. Our sawhorse line, miter saw, table saw & roller stands are built to very high standards. Our sawhorse/jobsite table is fast to set up, holds 2,400 pounds, has adjustable heights, is made of all metal construction and has a compact design. We believe that these lines of products are slowly becoming the standard in the construction industry.

 

All of our products are designed in house to achieve features and benefits for not only the professional construction worker but also for the do-it-yourself person.

 

Business Strategy

 

Our product strategy is to develop product lines in a number of categories rather than focus on a single line of goods. We believe that this approach allows for rapid growth, wider brand recognition, and may ultimately result in increased sales and profits within an accelerated time period. We believe that building brand awareness of our current ToughBuilt lines of products will expand our share of the pertinent markets. Our business strategy includes the following key elements:

 

  A commitment to technological innovation achieved through consumer insight, creativity and speed to market;
  A broad selection of products in both brand and private labels;
  Prompt response;
  Superior customer service; and
  Value pricing.

 

 6 
 

 

We will continue to consider other market opportunities while focusing on our customers’ specific requirements to increase sales.

 

Market

 

According to “Statista & Statistic Brain” the annual revenue in the construction industry (based on firm revenue) was $1.731 trillion for 2016 in the United States. There was approximately $394.6 billion in home improvement sales in the U.S. in 2018 (https://www.statista.com/statistics/239759/predicted-sales-of-home-improvement-retailers-in-the-us/). The heavy and civil engineering industry is over $260 billion in sales with tools and hardware alone totaling over $60 billion for that same time period. In 2016, there were approximately 729,000 construction companies in the United States employing more than 7.3 million employees. In addition to the construction market, our products are marketed to the “do-it-yourself” and home improvement market place. The home improvement industry has fared much better in the aftermath of the Great Recession than the housing market. The U.S. housing stock of more than 130 million homes requires regular investment merely to offset normal depreciation. And many households that might have traded up to more desirable homes during the downturn decided instead to make improvements to their current homes. Meanwhile, federal and state stimulus programs encouraged homeowners and rental property owners to invest in energy-efficient upgrades that they might otherwise have deferred. Finally, many rental property owners, responding to a surge in demand from households either facing foreclosure or nervous about buying amid the housing market uncertainty, reinvested in their units.

 

As a result, improvement and repair spending held up well compared to residential construction spending. According to “Home Improvement – Still Growing in 2019”, on www.hiri.org, “the HIRI/IHS Markit forecast expects 5.5% growth in the home improvement products market in 2019 after a strong 6.2% in 2018.”

 

Total home improvement products sales was expected to increase 5.5% in 2018 to $420 billion in total sales. The Professional Market was expected to increase 6.0% in 2019 over 2018 and the Consumer Market will see a sales increase of 5.3%.

 

TOUGHBUILT® products are available worldwide in many major retailers ranging from home improvement and construction products and services stores to major online outlets. Currently, we have placement in Home Depot, Menards, Toolbank (UK), Bunning’s (Australia), Princess Auto (Canada), Dong Shin Tool PIA (S. Korea) as well as seeking to grow our sales in global markets such as Western and Central Europe, Russia and Eastern Europe, South America and the Middle East.

 

Retailers by region include:

 

United States: Home Depot, Menards, GM products, Fire Safety, Hartville Hardware, ORR, Pooley, YOW, Wesco, Buzzi, and Western Pacific Building Materials.

 

Canada: Princess Auto

 

United Kingdom: Toolbank (distribution throughout the U.K. and online selling for Europe).

 

France: Birck

 

Australia: Bunnings

 

New Zealand: Bunnings

 

Russia: VSEInstrumenti.ru

 

South Korea: Dong Shin Tool PIA Co., Ltd.

 

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We are actively expanding into markets in Mexico and Latin American countries the Middle East and South Africa.

 

We are currently in product line reviews and discussions with Lowe’s, Home Depot Canada, Do It Best, True Value and other major retailers both domestically and internationally. A product line review requires the supplier to submit a comprehensive proposal which includes product offerings, prices, competitive market studies and relevant industry trends and other information. Management anticipates, within the near term, adding to its customer base up to three major retailers, along with several distributors and private retailers within six sectors and among 56 targeted countries.

 

Innovation and Brand Strength

 

Management believes that the robust capabilities at ToughBuilt eclipse those of many competitors as not every distributor or factory has the ability to quickly identify industry and end user opportunities and execute quickly to deliver winning product lines consistently. Also, in our view, most distributors and factories do not have a recognizable and reputable brand or the proven ability to reach major retailers globally to position their products and brands. We believe that we are able to take a design from concept to market within a very short period of time.

 

Product and Services Diversification

 

TOUGHBUILT® is a singular brand with a driven team that is poised to scale into a highly recognized global entity. We aim to grow ToughBuilt with several significant subsidiaries in the next few years to become the hub/platform for professionals, DIY’s (Do It Yourselfers) and passionate builders everywhere. Management anticipates that future subsidiaries will focus on licensing, gear, mobile, equipment rentals and maintenance services.

 

New Products

 

Tools

 

In 2018, we ordered and launched a new line of gloves and 28 SKUs of tool belt and pouches. We also intend to launch the following tools in the second half of 2020:

 

  Clamp line
     
  Hammer line
     
  Pliers line
     
  Screwdriver line
     
  Tape measure line
     
  Utility knife line

 

Mobile Device Products

 

Since 2013, we have been planning, designing, engineering and sourcing the development of a new line of ToughBuilt mobile devices and accessories to be used in the construction industry and by building enthusiasts. We are planning to have our mobile device products ready to market by late 2020 at which time we intend to commence marketing and selling our mobile device products to our current global customer base. We believe that increasing numbers of companies in the construction industry are requiring their employees to utilize mobile devices not just to communicate with others but to utilize the special apps that will allow the construction workers to do their job better and more efficiently. All of our mobile devices are designed and built in accordance with IP-68 and to a military standard level of durability and with the cooperation of Foxconn Manufacturing.

 

 8 
 

 

Our ruggedized mobile line of products was created to place customized technology and wide varieties of data in the palm of the building professionals and enthusiasts such as contractors, subcontractors, foreman, general laborers and others. We are designing the devices, accessories and custom apps to allow the users to plan with confidence, organize faster, find labor and products faster, estimate accurately, purchase wisely, protect themselves, workers and their business, create and track invoicing faster and easier.

 

By the fourth quarter of 2020 or first quarter of 2021, we intend to launch our T.55 rugged mobile phones and earbud headphones, as well as a “T-Dock”, attachable battery, tri lens camera and tough shield cover and accessories. In the fourth quarter of 2020, we also intend to launch the following accessories: car charger, QI charger, car mounts and earbud pack, and we will focus on sales in the following industries: construction, industrial, military and law enforcement and “.coms”.

 

By the fourth quarter of 2020, we intend to launch applications for our mobile phones relating to the following topics:

 

  1. National building codes
  2. Inspection booking
  3. Labor ready
  4. Estimating apps & programs
  5. Structural engineers
  6. Architects
  7. Building plans
  8. Workers comp
  9. Equipment insurance
  10. Project insurance & bonds
  11. Vehicle insurance
  12. Liability insurance
  13. Umbrella insurance
  14. Collection agencies
  15. Construction loans
  16. Small business loans
  17. Job listings
  18. Tool exchange

 

Agreement with Foxconn

 

On October 18, 2016, we entered into a Project Statement of Work Agreement (“SOW”) with Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd., a corporation organized under the law of Taiwan (referred to as “Foxconn”) to design, manufacture and supply to us a certain rugged mobile telephone (the “Product”). The Company will pay to Foxconn all fees and costs required to develop the Product. The Product will be developed by Foxconn to our specifications. We will submit to Foxconn written specifications, features and concepts required to be included in the Product. The specifications are subject to review and update by the parties and upon written approval by the parties such new or revised specifications will become part of the SOW. The SOW also provides dates for completion of deliverables, such as prototypes, “Beta” testing of the Product, sample assembly of the prototype and commencement of mass production of the Product. We may terminate the SOW at any time, in which case we must pay the costs for those portions of the development work completed by Foxconn up to the date of termination. The SOW is governed, construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of California.

 

Mobile Device Market

 

Based upon an annual white paper published by the Mobile and Wireless Practice of Venture Development Corporation, we believe that an increasing number of companies are requiring their employees to transact business in the field and/or other non-traditional office environments. Because of this and other factors, the construction industry is accelerating its acceptance of wireless technology. We further believe that the construction industry, like other industries, will be leveraging mobile and wireless solutions to address the need for greater collaboration among a highly mobile and distributed workforce.

 

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We believe that mobility is one of the top technology trends that construction companies are focusing on in 2020 and beyond. Mobile technology continues to have a significant impact on business, specifically with regard to business communication as this technology enhances the ability for colleagues at different locations to easily communicate, enhances customer experience through the improvement of applications and websites available to consumers to do business through their devices “at their fingertips”, and optimizes business operations as there is instant access to business functions at any time and from any location.

 

While the construction industry has widely adopted solutions such as push to talk (PTT) telephony applications, the use of mobile and wireless data applications has been limited. IT solutions in general and mobile and wireless solutions specifically have been adopted at varying degrees within organizations and to support the various phases of construction projects. Currently the business planning, engineering and procurement operations have more effectively deployed IT solutions while actual construction operations have fallen behind in IT infrastructure and field automation solutions. The construction and engineering workforce is inherently mobile. However, construction sites have never effectively leveraged (wireless) communications networks to connect these distributed and often remote workers and their assets. Nevertheless, construction project managers require real time access to a variety of information, including real time tool inventory management, raw materials deliveries, job costing, time stamping and general project management information. The challenge, however, is the lack of network access on construction sites resulting in an information bottleneck on the job site. Buoyed by advances in wireless technologies – including coverage, performance, security and cost of ownership – we believe this is becoming an issue of the past for construction operations.

 

Mobile Apps

 

We intend to include apps on our mobile devices and are developing, with a third party applications developer, apps which will include, among other things, building codes, permitting, estimating and job listings. The purposes of the apps that are being developed address:

 

  Reducing construction delays. Gathering real-time information at the job site about issues such as tradesmen and contractors present at the site, construction progress, or incidents, can reduce overall project delays. This critical information helps to bring issues to light that might put projects on hold, and keep construction on schedule.
     
  Improving communication with owners and project stakeholders. Completing daily reports at the job site on mobile devices and sending automated emails can tighten the communication loop with project stakeholders. When all parties involved in the project have access to the same information at the same time, errors are reduced and issues requiring attention can be addressed faster.
     
  Increasing back-office efficiency. By eliminating the use of paper and spreadsheets, construction companies can save hundreds of hours spent on data entry, collating information for reporting, or looking for paperwork that has been lost or filed away. Increasing back-office efficiency allows projects to be run leaner and to be completed on time and on budget.
     
  Improving accountability of field staff. Staff travel times, GPS locations and time spent on-site can all be consistently monitored with mobile apps. This improves accountability and reduces labor costs. Costs can be also reduced with mobile timesheets that record clock-in/clock-out time to the minute.
     
  Improving accuracy of project documentation. Using mobile apps to capture information at the job site improves accuracy and reduces issues that arise from illegible handwriting, inconsistent data, and information gaps. Photos, GPS, time stamps and signatures captured on-site provide an accurate and indisputable audit trail for the project, delivering accountability to clients or evidence in legal disputes.
     
  Improving equipment management. Construction companies that use a database-driven mobile solution can maximize the use of equipment through better management and tracking. Real-time information about maintenance schedules, availability, and equipment locations helps to improve inventory planning and use.
     
  Utilizing real-time mobile access to plans and bylaws. With apps that provide two-way access to information, construction companies can file electronic versions of drawings, plans or bylaws for quick offline access by teams in the field. This improves productivity and reduces the need for re-work.

 

 10 
 

 

Sales Strategy

 

The devices, accessories and bolt-on digital tools will be sold through relevant home improvement big box stores, direct marketing to construction companies, direct marketing of trade/wholesale outlets and to professional outlets.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We hold several patents and trademarks of various durations and believe that we hold, have applied for or license all of the patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights necessary to conduct our business. We utilize trademarks (licensed and owned) on nearly all of our products and believe having distinctive marks that are readily identifiable is an important factor in creating a market for our goods, in identifying our brands and our company, and in distinguishing our goods from the goods of others. We consider our ToughBuilt®, Cliptech®, and Fearless® trademarks to be among our most valuable intangible assets. Trademarks registered both in and outside the U.S. are generally valid for ten years, depending on the jurisdiction, and are generally subject to an indefinite number of renewals for a like period on appropriate application.

 

In 2019, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) granted two new design patents (US D840,961 S and US D841,635 S) that cover ToughBuilt’s ruggedized mobile devices, which are valid for a period of 15 years.

 

We also rely on trade secret protection for our confidential and proprietary information relating to our design and processes for our products. We have entered into and will continue to enter into confidentiality, non-competition and proprietary rights assignment agreements with our employees and independent contractors. We have entered into and will continue to enter into confidentiality agreements with our suppliers to protect our intellectual property.

 

Competition

 

The tool equipment and accessories industry is highly competitive on a worldwide basis. We compete with a significant number of other tool equipment and accessories manufacturers and suppliers to the construction, home improvement and Do-It-Yourself industry, many of which have the following:

 

  Significantly greater financial resources than we have;
     
  More comprehensive product lines;
     
  Longer-standing relationships with suppliers, manufacturers, and retailers;
     
  Broader distribution capabilities;
     
  Stronger brand recognition and loyalty; and
     
  The ability to invest substantially more in product advertising and sales.

 

Our competitors’ greater capabilities in the above areas enable them to better differentiate their products from ours, gain stronger brand loyalty, withstand periodic downturns in the construction and home improvement equipment and product industries, compete effectively on the basis of price and production, and more quickly develop new products. These competitors include DeWalt, Caterpillar and Samsung Active.

 

 11 
 

 

The markets for the Company’s mobile products and services are also highly competitive and the Company is confronted by aggressive competition in all areas of its business. These markets are characterized by frequent product introductions and rapid technological advances that have substantially increased the capabilities and use of mobile communication and media devices, personal computers and other digital electronic devices. The Company’s competitors who sell mobile devices and personal computers based on other operating systems have aggressively cut prices and lowered their product margins to gain or maintain market share. The Company’s financial condition and operating results can be adversely affected by these and other industry-wide downward pressures on gross margins. Principal competitive factors important to the Company include price, product features, relative price/performance, product quality and reliability, design innovation, a strong third-party software and peripherals ecosystem, marketing and distribution capability, service and support and corporate reputation.

 

The Company is focused on expanding its market opportunities related to mobile communication and media devices. These industries are highly competitive and include several large, well-funded and experienced participants. The Company expects competition in these industries to intensify significantly as competitors attempt to imitate some of the features of the Company’s products and applications within their own products or, alternatively, collaborate with each other to offer solutions that are more competitive than those they currently offer. These industries are characterized by aggressive pricing practices, frequent product introductions, evolving design approaches and technologies, rapid adoption of technological and product advancements by competitors, and price sensitivity on the part of consumers and businesses. Competitors include Apple, Samsung and Qualcomm, among others.

 

Employees

 

As of March 27, 2020, we have 24 full-time employees and 21 independent contractors and consultants. We also engage consultants on an as-needed basis to supplement existing staff. All of our employees, consultants and contractors that are involved with sensitive and/or proprietary information have signed non-disclosure agreements.

 

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Item 1A Risk Factors

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to supply the information required by this item.

 

Item 1B Unresolved Staff Comments

 

The Company has no, and has not had since inception, unresolved comments with the Commission Staff.

 

Item 2 Properties

 

We currently lease approximately 8,300 square feet of office space at 25371 Commercentre Drive, Suite 200, Lake Forest, CA 92630 as our principal offices. We believe these facilities are in good condition and satisfy our operational requirements. We intend to seek additional leased space, which will include some warehouse facilities, as our business efforts increase.

 

We entered into a lease for office space at 8669 Research Drive, in Irvine, CA, which is to replace the current corporate headquarters. The lease commenced on December 1, 2019 with no rent due until April 1, 2020. From April 1, 2020 through March 31, 2025, base rent will be due on the first of each month in the amount of $25,200. The Company paid an initatial amount of $68,128 compromising the rent for April 2020, a security deposit and the amount due for property taxes, insurance and association fees. The bases rent shall be adjusted on the following dates as follows:

 

12/1/2020-11/30/2021  $26,208 
12/1/2021-11/30/2022  $27,256 
12/1/2022-11/30/2023  $28,347 
12/1/2023-11/30/2024  $29,480 

 

The lease otherwise contains commercially market terms as to events of default and termination and the like. 

 

Item 3 Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we are involved in lawsuits, claims, investigations and proceedings, including pending opposition proceedings involving patents that arise in the ordinary course of business. There are no matters pending that we expect to have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows, except as set forth below.

 

  1. Edwin Minassian v. Michael Panosian and ToughBuilt Industries, Inc., Los Angeles Superior Court Case No. EC065533.

 

On August 16, 2016, Plaintiff Edwin Minassian filed a complaint against Defendants ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) and Michael Panosian in the Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles, Case No. EC065533. The complaint alleges breach of oral contracts to pay Plaintiff for consulting and finder’s fees, and to hire him as an employee. The complaint further alleged claims of fraud and misrepresentation relating to an alleged payment in exchange for stock in the Company. The complaint seeks unspecified monetary damages, declaratory relief, stock in the Company, and other relief according to proof.

 

On April 12, 2018, the Court entered judgments of default against the Company and Mr. Panosian in the amounts of $7,080 and $235,542, plus awarding Mr. Minassian a 7% ownership interest in the Company (the “Judgments”). Mr. Minassian served notice of entry of the judgments on April 17, 2018 and the Company and Mr. Panosian received notice of the entry of the default judgments on April 19, 2018.

 

The Company and Panosian satisfied the judgments on September 14, 2018 by payment of $252,949 to Plaintiff Minassian and by issuing Plaintiff Minassian 376,367 shares of common stock of the Company. On October 18, 2018, the Company and Panosian filed a Notice of Appeal from the Order denying their motion for relief from the above-referenced default judgment.

 

On October 1, 2019, the Second Appellate District of the California Court of Appeal issued its opinion reversing the trial court’s order denying ToughBuilt’s motion for relief from the default judgment and directing the trial court to grant ToughBuilt’s motion for relief, including allowing ToughBuilt to file an Answer and contest Minassian’s claims.

 

The appellate court recently issued an remittitur officially transferring the matter from the appellate court back to the trial court for further proceedings consistent with its ruling, and the Company and Panosian have filed an Answer to the Complaint. The trial court has not yet set a trial date, and discovery in this case is just now beginning. The Company intends to vigorously defend the Complaint and seek to recover the compensation and stock previously paid to satisfy the now vacated default judgment. The Company believes it has a strong position, but cannot quantify the likelihood that it will prevail in the above litigation, or any likely liability or recoveries, because of the current status of the case and the unpredictability of litigation.

 

2. Design 1st v. ToughBuilt Industries, Inc., American Arbitration Association

 

On November 26, 2019, Claimant Design 1st filed a Demand for Arbitration against ToughBuilt Industries seeking $169,094.35 in damages, plus attorney’s fees and costs. Claimaint contends the Company breached a written contract by failing to pay for design services. ‘The Company filed a Cross-Demand for Arbitration against Claimant seeking $394,956.07 in damages, plus attorney’s and costs alleging Claimant breached the same contract by performing negligent services, failing to meets its obligations under the contract, and fraudulent billing. An arbitration hearing has not yet been scheduled by the arbitrator, Grant Kim, and discovery has not yet commenced. The Company intends to vigorously defend the Demand for Arbitration. The Company believes it has a strong position, but cannot quantify the likelihood that it will prevail in the above litigation, or any likely liability or recoveries, because of the current status of the case and the unpredictability of litigation.

 

The Company has recorded the litigation expense of $0 and $1,192,488 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

In the normal course of business, the Company incurs costs to hire and retain external legal counsel to advise it on regulatory, litigation and other matters. The Company expenses these costs as the related services are received. If a loss is considered probable and the amount can be reasonable estimated, the Company recognizes an expense for the estimated loss.

 

Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosures

 

None.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Market information

 

Our common stock is currently quoted on Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “TBLT”, and warrants under the symbol “TBLTW”. Trading in our common stock has historically lacked consistent volume, and the market price has been volatile.

 

On March 27, 2020, the closing price for our common stock as reported on the Nasdaq Capital Market was $0.15 per share.

 

Securities outstanding and holders of record

 

On March 27, 2020, there were approximately 100 shareholders of record for our common stock and 109,990,257 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have never paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We anticipate that we will retain funds and future earnings to support operations and to finance the growth and development of our business. Therefore, we do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future following this offering. Any future determination to pay dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements and other factors that our Board of Directors deems relevant. In addition, the terms of any future debt or credit financings may preclude us from paying dividends.

 

Information respecting equity compensation plans

 

The 2016 Equity Incentive Plan

 

The 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) was adopted by the Board of Directors and approved by the shareholders on July 6, 2016. The awards per 2016 Plan may be granted through July 5, 2026 to the Company’s employees, consultants, directors and non-employee directors provided such consultants, directors and non-employee directors render good faith services not in connection with the offer and sale of securities in a capital-raising transaction. The maximum number of shares of our common stock that may be issued under the 2016 Plan is 2,000,000 shares, which amount will be (a) reduced by awards granted under the 2016 Plan, and (b) increased to the extent that awards granted under the 2016 Plan are forfeited, expire or are settled for cash (except as otherwise provided in the 2016 Plan). No employee will be eligible to receive more than 125,000 shares of common stock in any calendar year under the 2016 Plan pursuant to the grant of awards.

 

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The 2018 Equity Incentive Plan

 

Effective July 1, 2018, the Board of Directors adopted the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”). This 2018 Plan supplements, and does not replace, the existing 2016 Equity Incentive Plan. Awards may be granted under the 2018 Plan through June 30, 2023 to the Company’s employees, officers, consultants, and non-employee directors. The maximum number of shares of our common stock that may be issued under the 2018 Plan is 1,000,000 shares, which amount will be (a) reduced by awards granted under the 2018 Plan, and (b) increased to the extent that awards granted under the 2018 Plan are forfeited, expire or are settled for cash (except as otherwise provided in the 2018 Plan). No employee will be eligible to receive more than 200,000 shares of common stock in any calendar year under the 2018 Plan pursuant to the grant of awards. On September 12, 2018, the Board of Directors approved an increase in the number of shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under this Plan from 1,000,000 shares to 2,000,000 shares. On September 14, 2018, 1,000,000 options to purchase shares of common stock underlying awards under the 2018 Plan were granted to the employees and officers, 25% vesting immediately on the date of grant and 25% vesting each year thereafter on the three subsequent anniversaries of the grant date. The Company estimated the fair value of the options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model was $1,241,417. There were no further issuances in 2019.

 

Item 7 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Prospective investors should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with our financial statements and the related notes and other financial information included elsewhere in this annual report. Some of the information contained in this discussion and analysis or set forth elsewhere in this annual report, including information with respect to our plans and strategy for our business, includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.” You should review the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by the forward-looking statements contained in the following discussion and analysis. All share and per share numbers have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the 1-for-2 reverse stock split effected on September 13, 2018.

 

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements,” which include information relating to future events, future financial performance, financial projections, strategies, expectations, competitive environment and regulation. Words such as “may”, “should”, “could”, “would”, “predicts”, “potential”, “continue”, “expects”, “anticipates”, “future”, “intends”, “plans”, “believes”, “estimates”, and similar expressions, as well as statements in future tense, identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and may not be accurate indications of when such performance or results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information we have when those statements are made or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause such differences include, but are not limited to:

 

  our limited operating history;
     
  our ability to manufacture, market and sell our products;
     
  our ability to maintain or protect the validity of our U.S. and other patents and other intellectual property;
     
  our ability to launch and penetrate markets;
     
  our ability to retain key executive members;
     
  our ability to internally develop new inventions and intellectual property;
     
  interpretations of current laws and the passages of future laws; and
     
  acceptance of our business model by investors.

 

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The foregoing does not represent an exhaustive list of matters that may be covered by the forward-looking statements contained herein or risk factors that we are faced with that may cause our actual results to differ from those anticipate in our forward-looking statements.

 

Moreover, new risks regularly emerge and it is not possible for our management to predict or articulate all risks we face, nor can we assess the impact of all risks on our business or the extent to which any risk, or combination of risks, may cause actual results to differ from those contained in any forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are based on information available to us on the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Except to the extent required by applicable laws or rules, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained above and throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Company History

 

Our Company was formed on April 9, 2012 as Phalanx, Inc., under the laws of the State of Nevada and changed its name to ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. on December 29, 2015.

 

Business Overview

 

Our Company was formed to design, manufacture and distribute innovative tools and accessories to the building industry. The global tool market industry is a multibillion dollar business.

 

ToughBuilt’s business is based on development of innovative and state of the art products, primarily in tools and hardware category, with particular focus on building and construction industry with the ultimate goal of making life easier and more productive for the contractors and workers alike.

 

ToughBuilt’s current product line includes three major categories related to this field, with several additional categories in various stages of development, consisting of Soft Goods & Kneepads and Sawhorses & Work Products.

 

Governments and health organizations have identified an outbreak of a respiratory illness caused by a new coronavirus which has been named COVID-19. The World Health Organization has declared the outbreak a global pandemic. While the worst of the pandemic seems to have subsided in China, its country of original origin, we are seeing the virus spread and start to peak in other parts of the globe, including in the U.S., which has caused massive closures of businesses and strain on shipping and freight systems world wide. Since the outbreak, all of our Chinese facilities were temporarily closed for a period of time. Most of these facilities have been reopened. Depending on the progression of the outbreak, our ability to obtain necessary supplies and ship finished products to customers may be partly or completely disrupted globally. Also, our ability to maintain appropriate labor levels could be disrupted. If the coronavirus continues to progress, it could have a material negative impact on our results of operations and cash flow.

 

JOBS Act

 

On April 5, 2012, the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act, was enacted. Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that an “emerging growth company” can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an “emerging growth company” can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies.

 

We are in the process of evaluating the benefits of relying on other exemptions and reduced reporting requirements provided by the JOBS Act. Subject to certain conditions set forth in the JOBS Act, as an “emerging growth company,” we intend to rely on certain of these exemptions from, without limitation, (i) providing an auditor’s attestation report on our system of internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and (ii) complying with any requirement that may be adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements, known as the auditor discussion and analysis. We will remain an “emerging growth company” until the earliest of (a) the last day of our fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the IPO, (b) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenues exceed $1.07 billion, (c) the last day of our fiscal year in which we are deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or Exchange Act (which would occur if the market value of our equity securities that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter), or (d) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in nonconvertible debt during the preceding three-year period.

 

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FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019

 

For the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the year ended December 31, 2018

 

Revenues

 

Revenues, net of allowances, for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were $19,090,071 and $15,289,400, respectively, consisted of metal goods and soft goods sold to customers. Revenues increased in 2019 over 2018 by $3,800,671, or 24.9%, primarily due to wide acceptance of our products in the tools industry and receipt of recurring sales orders for metal goods and soft goods from our existing customers and new customers, and introduction and sale of new soft goods products to our customers.

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

Cost of goods sold for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was $13,475,947 and $11,794,206, respectively. Cost of goods sold increased in 2019 over 2018 by $1,681,741 or 14.3%, primarily due to the increase in materials cost of steel and plastics polyester to manufacture metal goods and soft goods and increase in labor cost in China. Cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenues in 2019 was 70.6% as compared to cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenues in 2018 of 77.1%. We expect to reverse the trend and reduce our cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue as we achieve operational efficiencies in production and work with automated state of the art factories to manufacture our product lines.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses consist of selling, general and administrative expenses, litigation expense, and research and development costs. Selling, general and administrative expenses (the “SG&A Expenses”) for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were $12,078,762 and $6,937,704, respectively. SG&A Expenses increased in 2019 over 2018 by $5,141,058 or 74.1%, primarily due to hiring additional employees, independent contractors and consultants to grow the Company. SG&A expense in 2019 as a percentage of revenues was 63.3% as compared to SG&A expense in 2018 as a percentage of revenues was 45.4%. We expect our SG&A expense will continue to increase as the Company plans to bring professional management team and staff on board, expend cash to raise capital for new products development, and acquire a new warehouse/storage facility to expand its operations and maintain finished products inventory on hand.

 

Research and development costs (the “R&D”) for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were $2,116,108 and $1,816,389, respectively. R&D costs increased in 2019 over 2018 by $299,629 or 16.5%, primarily due to the costs incurred in developing new tools, a ruggedized mobile device, software applications to run on the mobile device related to construction industry, and stock-based compensation expense and bonuses to R&D management team. We expect R&D costs to continue to increase as the Company embarks on developing new tools for the construction industry, and the attachments for the ruggedized mobile device with new software applications.

 

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Net Loss

 

Due to factors set forth above, and the lack of a warrant derivative at the end of 2019, with a change of $19,588,277 from 2019 over 2018, we recorded a net loss of $4,300,968 for the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to a net loss of $27,651,412 for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Although our sales increased by approximately 25% during the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the same period in 2018, we are continuing to focus our efforts on increased marketing campaigns, and distribution programs to strengthen the demand for our products globally. Management anticipates that our capital resources will improve and our products gain wider market recognition and acceptance resulting in increased product sales.

 

We had minimal cash at December 31, 2019 as compared to $5,459,884 at December 31, 2018, although we raised significant cash in January 2020 and February 2020, as stated above.

 

As of December 31, 2019, the Company’s principal sources of liquidity consisted of minimal cash and future cash generated from operations and fundraising activities. The Company does not believe that its current cash balances coupled with anticipated cash flow from operating activities will be sufficient to meet its working capital requirements for at least one year from the date of issuance of the accompanying financial statements, and this raises doubts about its ability to continue as a going concern. The Company continues to control its cash expenses as a percentage of expected revenue on an annual basis and thus may use its cash balances in the short-term to invest in revenue growth. Based on current internal projections, the Company believes it has and/or will generate sufficient cash for its operational needs, including any required debt payments, for at least one year from the date of issuance of the accompanying financial statements. Management is focused on growing the Company’s existing product offering, as well as its customer base, to increase its revenues. The Company cannot give assurance that it can increase its cash balances or limit its cash consumption and thus maintain sufficient cash balances for its planned operations or future acquisitions. Future business demands may lead to cash utilization at levels greater than recently experienced. The Company may need to raise additional capital in the future. However, the Company cannot assure that it will be able to raise additional capital on acceptable terms, or at all. Due to the uncertainty in the Company's ability to raise capital, management believes that there is substantial doubt in the Company's ability to continue as a going concern for twelve months from the issuance of these condensed financial statements.

 

CASH FLOWS

 

Net cash flows used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $10,229,337, attributable to a net loss of $4,300,969, offset by depreciation expense of $225,426, amortization of original issuance of debt discount and debt issuance cost and non-cash inducement cost for debt conversion of $626,546, change in the fair value of warrant derivative of $(5,251,852), stock-based compensation expense of $336,637, and net increase in operating assets of $1,768,059, and net decrease in liabilities of $97,066. The Company offered cash discounts to its customers and factors to accelerate payments of accounts receivable. In addition, the Company negotiated extended payment terms with its suppliers, vendors and related parties to conserve its cash. Net cash flows used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2018 was $8,243,414, attributable to a net loss of $27,651,412, offset by depreciation expense of $120,723, amortization of original issuance of debt discount and debt issuance cost and non-cash inducement cost for debt conversion of $5,278,132, change in the fair value of warrant derivative of $14,336,425, stock-based litigation settlement expense of $939,538, stock-based compensation expense of $557,042, stock issued in lieu of deferred salaries of $650,100 and net increase in operating assets of $1,154,073, and net decrease in liabilities of $1,319,889. The Company offered cash discounts to its customers and factors to accelerate payments of accounts receivable. In addition, the Company negotiated extended payment terms with its suppliers, vendors and related parties to conserve its cash.

 

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There was net cash used by investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 of $1,031,115, attributable to cash paid for purchase of property and equipment. Net cash used by investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2018 was $0.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $5,825,631, primarily attributable to net cash proceeds from the sale of senior secured notes to an investor in August 2019. Net cash provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2018 was $13,658,951, primarily attributable to net cash proceeds from sale of common stock of $11,671,735, proceeds from sale of convertible preferred stock of $1,201,157 and proceeds from notes payable of $752,579.

 

We recorded a net decrease in cash of $5,434,821 for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Recent Financings

 

March 2018 Private Placement

 

On January 8, 2018, the Company conducted a private placement of its securities in which the Company offered to sell a minimum of 160,000 units and a maximum of 300,000 units to certain accredited investors, with each such unit consisting of (i) one half of a share of the Company’s Class B Convertible Preferred Stock, par value of $0.0001 per share, and (ii) one half of a warrant to purchase one half share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share. Each unit will be sold at a price of $5.00 per unit. Each warrant has an initial exercise price of $12.00 per share, subject to adjustment, and is exercisable for a period of five years from the date of issuance. The Company sold 162,000 units at a price of $5.00 per unit for gross proceeds of $810,000, and received on March 14, 2018, cash proceeds of $613,200, net of commissions of $64,800 earned by the placement agent on capital raise, $128,000 in legal fees, and $4,000 in escrow fees. Each of the units contained one half of a share of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock and one half of a Class B Warrant to purchase a share of our common stock for an aggregate of 81,000 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock and 81,000 Class B Warrants. The placement agent received warrants to purchase up to 4,050 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $12.00 per share.

 

May 2018 Private Placement

 

On May 2, 2018, the Company conducted a confidential private placement of its securities in which the Company offered to sell a maximum 140,000 units to certain accredited investors, with each such unit consisting of (i) one half of a share of the Company’s Class B Convertible Preferred Stock, par value of $0.0001 per share, and (ii) one half of a warrant to purchase one half of a share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share. Each unit will be sold at a price of $5.00 per unit. Each warrant has an initial exercise price of $12.00 per share, subject to adjustment, and is exercisable for a period of five years from the date of issuance. The Company sold all 140,000 units for gross proceeds of $700,000, and received cash proceeds of $587,957 on May 15, 2018, net of commissions and fees of $74,574 earned by the placement agent on capital raise, $33,469 in legal fees, and $4,000 in escrow fees. The Company issued to the underwriter 3,500 Placement Agent Warrants at their fair value of $12,527.

 

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August 2018 Financing

 

Pursuant to the terms of August 2018 financing, the Company executed six (6) promissory notes, unsecured, with original issuance debt discount of 15%, for a cumulative principal sum of $862,500 on September 4, 2018. The Company promised to pay the note holders the principal sum of $862,500 on earlier of (i) the third trading day after the closing of the Company’s initial public offering, and (ii) November 30, 2018 or such earlier date as these promissory notes are required or permitted to be repaid. On closing of this offering, on September 5, 2018, the Company received cash proceeds of $652,579, net of commission and fees of $62,850 earned by the placement agent on capital raise, $30,571 in legal fees, and $4,000 in escrow fees. In addition, the Company issued to the six note holders 18,750 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock valued at $120,394, and 7,500 warrants to the placement agent, valued at their fair value of $26,843. On October 19, 2018 , the holders of these notes agreed to convert all amounts due to them into unregistered Class A Units at a per Unit conversion price equal to 80% of the per Unit purchase price of a Class A Unit in the Company’s initial public offering.

 

Initial Public Offering

 

On November 14, 2018, the Company consummated its IPO whereby it sold a total of 2,670,000 Class A Units, each Unit consisting of one share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and a Series A Warrant to purchase one share of common stock and a Series B Warrant to purchase one share of common stock, on an offer price of $5.00 for each unit of a share and a Series A Warrant and a Series B Warrant (“Class A Unit”). The Company received net proceeds from the IPO of $12,415,500 after deducting underwriting discounts and commission of $934,500. The Company incurred $743,765 in expenses related to the IPO. $3,657,507 of the proceeds were allocated to warrant derivative on our balance sheet as a result of our Series B Warrant issuance which were deemed to be a derivative liability.

 

November 2018 Private Transactions

 

Concurrent with the closing of the IPO on November 14, 2018, the following private transactions were consummated in accordance with the related agreements (see Notes 6, 7, 8 and 9 of the financial statements), all in transactions exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended:

 

  (a) 1,366,768 unregistered Class A Units were issued upon the conversion of outstanding shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock at a conversion price of $3.50 per Class A Unit.
     
  (b) 42,105 unregistered shares of common stock were issued upon conversion of the $200,000 principal amount of a promissory note due to an officer at a conversion price of $4.75 per share.
     
  (c) 1,726,678 unregistered Class A Units were issued upon conversion of outstanding convertible debt instruments (consisting of all principal amounts and accrued and unpaid interest through the date of the IPO) at a conversion price of $5.00 per Unit.
     
  (d) 136,863 unregistered shares of common stock were issued upon conversion of $650,100 of accrued and unpaid salaries to officers and directors at a conversion price of $4.75 per share.
     
  (e) 215,625 unregistered Class A Units issued upon the conversion of outstanding principal amount of unsecured promissory notes at a conversion price of $4.00 per Unit.

 

On December 17, 2018, pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement dated November 8, 2018, by and between the Company and the underwriters, the underwriters agreed to partially exercise the over-allotment option to purchase an additional 25,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001, at a price of $4.98 per share, 400,500 Series A Warrants, at a price of $0.01 per warrant and 400,500 Series B Warrants, at a price of $0.01 per warrant. The Company received net proceeds from the exercise of over-allotment option $121,909 after deducting commission and expenses of $10,601.

 

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January 2019 Warrant Exchange

 

On January 24, 2019, the Company entered into exchange agreements with two institutional investors pursuant to which these investors exercised Series A Warrants to purchase 424,116 shares of its common stock, for total gross proceeds to the Company of $2,172,638. Those investors also exchanged Series A Warrants to purchase 508,940 shares of its common stock into 508,940 shares of its common stock and received new warrants to purchase an aggregate of 933,056 shares of its common stock. These new warrants have terms substantially similar to the terms of the Company’s Series A Warrants, except that the per share exercise price of the new warrants is $3.77, and the warrants are not exercisable until the six-month anniversary of the date of issuance thereof.

 

August 2019 Convertible Note Financing

 

On August 19, 2019, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an institutional investor pursuant to which it sold $11.5 million aggregate principal amount of promissory notes (at an aggregate original issue discount of 15%) to the investor in a transaction exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The first note (the “Series A Note”) has a face amount of $6.72 million for which the investor paid $5 million in cash. The second note (the “Series B Note” and with the Series A Note, collectively referred to as the “Notes”) has a principal amount of $4.78 million for which the investor paid $4.78 million in the form of a full recourse promissory note issued by the investor to the Company (the “Investor Note”) secured by $4.78 million in cash or cash equivalents of the investor (i.e :an original issue discount of approximately 15% to the face amount of the Series B Note). No portion of the Series B Note may be converted into shares of our common stock (the “Common Stock”) until the corresponding portion of the Investor Note has been prepaid to the Company in cash, at which point in time such portion of the Series B Note shall be deemed “unrestricted”. The Investor Note is subject to optional prepayment at any time at the option of the investor and mandatory prepayment, at the Company’s option, subject to certain equity conditions, at any time 45 Trading Days after the effectiveness of a resale registration statement (or otherwise the applicability of Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended). Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company may not effect a mandatory prepayment if the shares underlying the Series A Note and the portion of the Series B Note that has become unrestricted exceeds 35% of the market capitalization of the Company.

 

The Notes are senior secured obligations of the Company secured by a lien on all assets of the Company, bear no interest (unless an event default has occurred and is continuing) and mature on December 31, 2020. The Notes will be convertible at $1.00 into a fixed number of shares (the “Conversion Shares”). The Notes are convertible at the Holder’s option, in whole or in part, at any time after closing. The Conversion Price will be subject to adjustment for stock dividends, stock splits, anti-dilution and other customary adjustment events.

 

The Company shall repay the Principal Amount of the Notes in 12 installments, with the first installment starting on February 1, 2020 (each, an “Installment Date”). Installments 1-3 shall be 1/36th of the Principal Amount, Installments 4-6 shall be 1/18th of the Principal Amount and Installments 7-12 shall be 1/8th of the Principal Amount. The repayment amount shall be payable in cash, or, subject to the satisfaction of equity conditions, at the option of the Company, in registered Common Stock or a combination of cash and registered Common Stock. However, if the 30-day volume weighted average price of the Common Stock (the “VWAP”) of the Company falls below 50% of the [Market Price (as defined above)]1 or the Company fails to satisfy certain other equity conditions, the repayment amount is payable in shares of Common Stock only unless the Investor(s) waive any applicable equity condition. If the Company elects to satisfy all or any portion of an installment in shares of Common Stock, the Company will predeliver such shares of Common Stock to the investor on the 23rd trading day prior to the applicable Installment Date, with a true-up of shares (if necessary) on the Installment Date. Any excess shares of Common Stock shall be applied to subsequent installments.

 

The shares used to meet a Principal Repayment (“Installment Shares”) would be valued at a conversion price calculated as the lesser of (i) 85% of the arithmetic average of the three lowest daily VWAPs of the 20 trading days prior to the payment date or (ii) 85% of the VWAP of the trading day prior to payment date (“Installment Price”) with a floor of $0.10.

 

 21 
 

 

All amortization payments shall be subject to the Investors’ right to (a) defer some or all of any Installment Payment to a subsequent Installment Date; and (b) at any time during an installment period, convert up to four times the installment amount at the Installment Price; provided shares received pursuant to such accelerated conversions shall be subject to a leak-out provision that solely limits sales of such shares received by the investor in such accelerated conversion (and not any other sales) to the greater of (a) $500,000 per trading day or (b) 40% of the volume traded on a given day as reported by Bloomberg LP.

 

Upon completion of a Change of Control, the Holders may require the Company to purchase any outstanding Notes in cash at 125% of par plus accrued but unpaid interest. The Company shall have the right to redeem any and all amounts of the outstanding Note at 125% of the greater of (a) Principal Amount plus accrued but unpaid interest (if any), or (b) Conversion Value plus accrued but unpaid interest (if any) provided the Company has satisfied certain equity conditions. The Company must give the Investor(s) ninety (90) business days’ prior notice of any such redemption.

 

Prior to all outstanding amounts under the Note being repaid in full, the Company will not create any new encumbrances on any of its or its subsidiaries’ assets without the prior written consent of the Lender, with a carveout for a working capital facility of which the details are to be determined. The Notes shall also be subject to standard events of default and remedies therefor.

 

The Company filed a registration statement in connection therewith, which was declared effective on October 15, 2019.

 

In connection with the granting of the Notes, the Company shall issue detachable warrants to the Investor, exercisable in whole or in part at any time during the five years from the date of issuance, an in amount equal to 50% of the conversion shares underlying the Notes and have an exercise price of $1.00 per share. To the extent the Company has a change of control or a spinoff, the warrants provide for a put for the warrants to the Company at their Black- Scholes Valuation.

 

Until the 3 year anniversary of the maturity date, the investor shall have the right (but not the obligation) to participate in 50% of any subsequent equity or debt issuance. Consummation of the transaction has been subject to certain conditions precedent, including the Company agrees to procure an approval of this transaction at its annual shareholder meeting scheduled no later than 180 days after the Closing Date and agrees to procure voting agreements from principal shareholders prior to closing of the Company.

 

January 2020 Public Offering and February 2020 Greenshoe

 

On February 24, 2020, ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) closed on the public offering of 4.45 million shares of its common stock, for gross proceeds of $934,500 based upon the overallotment option arising from the closing of its January 28, 2020 public offering. In the January 28, 2020 public offering, the Company sold 43 million shares of its common stock and 47.45 million warrants (each exercisable into ½ of a share of common stock for a total of 23.725 million shares of common stock) from which it received gross proceeds of $9,030,000.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

None.

 

Seasonality

 

Our business is a seasonal business as a result of our China-based production. For the first calendar quarter, we are not able to ship our products from China due to the hiatus as a result of their New Year holidays. We make up the lost sales from the first calendar quarter in the subsequent quarters.

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

See the footnotes to our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019, included with this annual report.

 

 22 
 

 

Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

TOUGHBUILT INDUSTRIES, INC.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED

DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-2
   
Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-3
   
Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-4
   
Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-5
   
Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 F-6
   
Notes to Financial Statements F-7 to F-24

 

 F-1 
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

ToughBuilt Industries, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, the related statements of operations, shareholders’ equity (deficit) and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2019, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Explanatory Paragraph – Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As more fully described in Note 1, the Company has incurred significant losses and needs to raise additional funds to meet its obligations and sustain its operations. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ Marcum LLP  
Marcum llp  
   

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2016.

 

 

Costa Mesa, California

 

March 30, 2020

 

 

 F-2 
 

 

TOUGHBUILT INDUSTRIES, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

 

   December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
         
Assets          
Current Assets          
Cash  $25,063   $5,459,884 
Accounts receivable, net   2,075,380    985,854 
Factor receivables, net   174,042    1,542,835 
Inventory   2,215,497    379,915 
Prepaid assets   254,070    222,000 
Note receivable   4,480,000    - 
Total Current Assets   9,224,052    8,590,488 
Other Assets          
Property and equipment, net   1,029,885    224,196 
Other assets   215,688    36,014 
Total Assets  $10,469,625   $8,850,698 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)          
Current Liabilities          
Accounts payable  $2,536,871   $1,962,901 
Accrued expenses   364,309    927,569 
Deferred revenue   -    107,776 
Factor loan payable   125,645    1,304,512 
Warrant derivative   -    23,507,247 
Convertible notes payable - current   4,216,307    - 
Total Current Liabilities   

7,243,132

    27,810,005 
Total Liabilities   7,243,132    27,810,005 
           

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 7)

          
Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)          
Series D Preferred Stock, $1,000 par value, 5,775 and 0 shares authorized, issued, and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Liquidation preference of $5,775,000 plus any off balance sheet accrued dividends.   4,816,485    - 
Series C Preferred Stock, $.0001 par value, 1,268 and 0 shares authorized, issued, and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. No liquidation preference.   -    - 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 33,000,151 and 9,870,873 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively   3,300    987 
Additional paid-in capital   41,820,078    20,152,107 
Accumulated deficit   (43,413,370)   (39,112,401)
Total Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)   3,226,493    (18,959,307)
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)  $10,469,625   $8,850,698 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 F-3 
 

 

TOUGHBUILT INDUSTRIES, INC.

Statements of Operations

 

   For The Years Ended December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Revenues, net of allowances        
Metal goods  $8,987,088   $7,174,618 
Soft goods   10,102,983    8,114,782 
Total revenues, net of allowances   19,090,071    15,289,400 
           
Cost of Goods Sold          
Metal goods   6,285,750    5,897,354 
Soft goods   7,190,197    5,896,852 
Total cost of goods sold   13,475,947    11,794,206 
           
Gross profit   5,614,124    3,495,194 
           
Operating expenses:          
Selling, general and administrative expenses   12,078,762    6,937,704 
Litigation expense   -    1,192,488 
Research and development   2,116,018    1,816,389 
Total operating expenses   14,194,780    9,946,581 
           
Loss from operations   

(8,580,656

)   (6,451,387)
           
Other income (expense)          
Inducement cost for debt conversions   -    (3,542,161)
Interest expense   (972,165)   (3,321,439)
Change in fair value of warrant derivative   5,251,852    (14,336,425)
Total other income (expense)   4,279,687    (21,200,025)
           
Loss before provision for income taxes   (4,300,969)   (27,651,412)
           
Provision for income taxes   -    - 
           
Net loss   (4,300,969)   (27,651,412)
           
Accretion of Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock Dividend   -    (3,667,620)
Common Stock Deemed Dividend   -    (980,375)
Net loss attributable to common stockholders  $(4,300,969)  $(32,299,407)
           
Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Share  $(0.14)  $(7.22)
Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding - Basic and Diluted   31,007,384    4,476,403 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 F-4 
 

 

TOUGHBUILT INDUSTRIES, INC.

Statements of Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)

 

    Series C Preferred Stock     Series D Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Additional
Paid-in
    Accumulated     Total Stockholders’
Equity
 
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     (Deficit)  
Balance - January 1, 2018     -     $ -             $ -       3,679,500     $ 368     $ 1,711,197     $ (11,460,989 )   $ (9,749,424 )
Stock-based compensation expense     -       -               -       8,334       1       557,041       -       557,042  
Stock issued in settlement of litigation     -       -               -       -       -       939,538       -       939,538  
Conversion of Class B convertible preferred stock     -       -               -       1,366,768       137       4,961,431       -       4,961,568  
Issuance of warrants to third parties for capital raise     -       -               -       -       -       594,293       -       594,293  
Conversion of deferred salaries     -       -               -       136,863       14       650,086       -       650,100  
Conversion of convertible debentures     -       -               -       1,726,678       172       6,267,924       -       6,268,096  
Conversion of advance from officer     -       -               -       42,105       4       199,996       -       200,000  
Conversion of notes payable     -       -               -       215,625       22       782,728       -       782,750  
Sale of common stock in public offering     -       -               -       2,670,000       267       8,013,961       -       8,014,228  
Sale of common stock in over-allotment to underwriters     -       -               -       25,000       2       121,907       -       121,909  
Common stock deemed dividend     -       -               -       -       -       (980,375 )     -       (980,375 )
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock dividend     -       -               -       -       -       (3,667,620 )     -       (3,667,620 )
Net loss     -       -               -       -       -       -       (27,651,412 )     (27,651,412 )
                                                                         
Balance - January 1, 2019     -     $ -             $ -       9,870,873     $ 987     $ 20,152,107     $ (39,112,401 )   $ (18,959,307 )
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of Series A Warrants, net of cost     -       -               -       424,116       42       2,172,638       -       2,172,680  
Issuance of common stock as inducement to exercise Series A Warrants     -       -               -       508,940       51       (51 )     -       -  
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of Series B warrants     -       -               -       16,192,218       1,620       14,582,751       -       14,584,371  
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of Placement Agent Warrants     -       -               -       4,004       -       16,818       -       16,818  
Issuance of Series C preferred stock upon exchange of Series A and Series B warrants     4,268       -               -       -       -       3,671,024       -       3,671,024  
Issuance of common stock upon Series C preferred (conversion)     (3,000 )     -               -       3,000,000       300       (300 )     -       -  
Stock based compensation expense     -       -               -       -       -       336,637       -       336,637  

Warrants issued in connection with convertible notes payable

    -       -               -       -       -       595,000       -       595,000  
Issuance of common stock upon conversion of convertible note payable     -       -               -       3,000,000       300       293,454       -       293,754  
Issuance of Series D preferred stock upon exchange of convertible note payable     -       -       5,775       4,816,485       -       -       -     -       4,816,485  
Net loss     -       -               -       -       -       -       (4,300,969 )     (4,300,969 )
Balance - December 31, 2019     1,268     $ -       5,775     $ 4,816,485       33,000,151     $ 3,300     $ 41,820,078     $ (43,413,370 )   $ 3,226,493  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 F-5 
 

 

TOUGHBUILT INDUSTRIES, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

    For The Year Ended December 31,  
    2019     2018  
Cash flows from operating activities:                
Net loss   $ (4,300,969 )   $ (27,651,412 )
Adjustments to reconcile from net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Depreciation     225,426       120,723  
Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance cost     626,546       5,278,132  
Change in fair value of warrant derivative     (5,251,852 )     14,336,425  
Stock issued in settlement of litigation     -       939,538  
Stock-based compensation expense     336,637       557,042  
Stock issued in lieu of deferred salaries     -       650,100  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities                
Accounts receivable, net     (1,089,526 )     (832,446 )
Factor receivables, net     1,368,793       120,563  
Inventory     (1,835,582 )     (281,243 )
Prepaid assets     (32,070 )     (169,500 )
Other assets     (179,674 )     8,553  
Accounts payable     573,970       (368,323 )
Accrued expenses     (563,260 )     (951,567 )
Deferred revenue     (107,776 )     -  
Net cash used in operating activities     (10,229,337 )     (8,243,415 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Purchases of property and equipment     (1,031,115 )     -  
Net cash used in investing activities     (1,031,115 )     -  
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Proceeds from sales of common stock, net of costs     -       11,671,735  
Proceeds from sale of common stock of overallotment, net of costs     -       121,909  
Proceeds from exercise of Series A warrants     2,172,680       -  
Proceeds from exercise of Placement Agent warrants     16,818       -  
Proceeds from sale of convertible preferred stock, net of costs     -       1,201,157  
Cash repayments of notes payable     -       (114,000 )
Payment from advance from officer     -       (200,000 )
Proceeds from notes payable, net of costs     4,815,000       752,579  
Proceeds (Repayments) of factor loan payable     (1,178,867 )     225,571  
Net cash provided by financing activities     5,825,631       13,658,951  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash     (5,434,821 )     5,415,536  
Cash, beginning of period     5,459,884       44,348  
Cash, end of period   $ 25,063     $ 5,459,884  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:                
Cash paid during the period for:                
Interest   $ -     $ 638,693  
Income taxes   $ 800     $ -  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:                
Conversion of deferred salaries into common stock   $ -     $ 650,100  
Conversion of notes payable of officer into common stock   $ -     $ 200,000  
Conversion of notes payable into Class A Units   $ -     $ 862,500  
Conversion of convertible debentures into Class A Units   $ -     $ 8,633,390  
Conversion of convertible preferred stock into Class A Units   $ -     $ 6,833,839  
Issuance of Class B  Warrants for capital raise   $ -     $ 594,293  
Accretion of redeemable convertible preferred stock dividend   $ -     $ 3,667,620  
Common stock deemed dividend   $ -     $ 980,375  
Issuance of warrants to investors   $ 575,000     $ -  
Issuance of warrants as compensation for capital raise   $ 20,000     $ -  
Issuance of common stock upon Series C preferred stock conversion   $ 3,671,024     $ -  
Issuance of common stock upon convertible note conversion   $ 293,754     $ -  
Issuance of Class D preferred stock upon convertible note conversion   $ 4,816,485     $ -  
Restricted promissory note in connection with convertible notes payable   $ 4,780,000     $ -  
Original issue discount   $ 1,720,000     $ -  
Conversion of Series B warrants into common stock   $ 14,584,371     $ -  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

 F-6 
 

 

TOUGHBUILT INDUSTRIES, INC.

Notes to Financial Statements

December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

NOTE 1: NATURE OF OPERATIONS

 

Nature of Operations

 

In these notes, the terms “us”, “we”, “it”, “its”, “ToughBuilt”, the “Company” or “our” refer to ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on April 9, 2012 under the name Phalanx, Inc.

 

The Company designs and distributes innovative and superior quality tools and accessories to the home improvement community and the building industry. The Company aspires to augment brand loyalty in part from the enlightened creativity of its end users throughout the global tool market industry. The Company holds exclusive licenses to develop, manufacture, market, and distribute various home improvement and construction product lines for both Do-it-Yourself (“DIY”) and professional trade markets under the TOUGHBUILT® brand name.

 

TOUGHBUILT® distributes products in the following categories, all designed and engineered in the United States and manufactured by third party vendors in China:

 

  tool belts, tool bags and other personal tool organizer products;
  complete line of knee pads for various construction applications; and
  job-site tools and material support products consisting of a full line of miter-saws and table saw stands, saw horses/job site tables and roller stands.

 

On November 14, 2018, the Company completed its initial public offering (“IPO”), pursuant to which it sold 2,670,000 Class A Units (“Class A Unit”), each Unit consisting of one share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, one Series A Warrant to purchase one share of common stock (“Series A Warrant”) and one Series B Warrant to purchase one share of common stock (“Series B Warrant”) at a purchase price of $5.00 per Class A Unit. The Company received net proceeds from the IPO of $12,415,500 after deducting underwriting discounts and commission of $934,500. The Company incurred $743,765 in expenses related to the IPO.

 

On December 17, 2018, pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement dated November 8, 2018, by and between the Company and the underwriters named therein (the “Representative”), the Representative on behalf of the underwriters agreed to partially exercise the over-allotment option to purchase an additional 25,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001, at a price of $4.98 per share, 400,500 Series A Warrants, at a price of $0.01 per warrant and 400,500 Series B Warrants, at a price of $0.01 per warrant. The Company received net proceeds from the exercise of over-allotment option of $121,909 after deducting commission and expenses of $10,601.

 

On January 24, 2019, the Company entered into exchange agreements with two institutional investors pursuant to which these investors exercised Series A Warrants to purchase 424,116 shares of its common stock, for total cash proceeds to the Company of $2,172,680, net of costs of $159,958. Those investors also exchanged Series A Warrants to purchase 508,940 shares of its common stock into 508,940 shares of its common stock and received new warrants to purchase an aggregate of 933,056 shares of its common stock. These new warrants have terms substantially similar to the terms of the Company’s Series A Warrants, except that the per share exercise price of the new warrants is $3.67, and the warrants became exercisable July 24, 2019 (see Note 6).

 

On April 11, 2019, an investor exchanged its Series A Warrant to purchase up to 1,189,560 shares of common stock of the Company and a Series B Warrant to purchase up to 1,005,760 shares of common stock, which Series B Warrants are subject to certain anti-dilution provisions embedded in such Series B Warrants for 4,268 shares of Company’s Series C Convertible Preferred Stock having the rights, preferences and privileges set forth in the Certificate of Designation, filed by the Company with the Secretary of State of Nevada. The shares of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock are convertible into 4,268,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, and rights to convert into common stock are subject to limitations on ownership at any one time of Company common stock up to 9.9% of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock of the Company; otherwise, the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock has no rights not awarded to holders of common stock of the Company.

 

On April 16, 2019, the Company formed a wholly-owned subsidiary named ToughBuilt Technologies, Inc. dedicated to the continued advancement, production and marketing of Company’s mobile solutions.

 

 F-7 
 

 

On August 19, 2019, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an institutional investor pursuant to which it sold $11.5 million aggregate principal amount of promissory notes (at an aggregate original issue discount of 15%) to the investor in a transaction exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The first note (the “Series A Note”) has a face amount of $6.72 million for which the investor paid $5 million in cash. The second note (the “Series B Note” and with the Series A Note, collectively referred to as the “Notes”) has a principal amount of $4.78 million for which the investor paid $4.78 million in the form of a full recourse promissory note issued by the investor to the Company (the “Investor Note”) secured by $4.78 million in cash or cash equivalents of the investor (i.e :an original issue discount of approximately 15% to the face amount of the Series B Note). No portion of the Series B Note may be converted into shares of our common stock (the “Common Stock”) until the corresponding portion of the Investor Note has been prepaid to the Company in cash, at which point in time such portion of the Series B Note shall be deemed “unrestricted”. The Investor Note is subject to optional prepayment at any time at the option of the investor and mandatory prepayment, at the Company’s option, subject to certain equity conditions, at any time 45 Trading Days after the effectiveness of a resale registration statement (or otherwise the applicability of Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended). Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company may not effect a mandatory prepayment if the shares underlying the Series A Note and the portion of the Series B Note that has become unrestricted exceeds 35% of the market capitalization of the Company.

 

On December 23, 2019, ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) entered into an exchange agreement with an institutional investor pursuant to which the investor is exchanging $5.5 million principal amount of its August 19, 2019 Series A Senior Secured Note for 5,775 shares of its Series D Preferred Stock, which was authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors on December 21, 2019.

 

On February 24, 2020, ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) closed on the public offering of 4.45 million shares of its common stock, for gross proceeds of $934,500 based upon the overallotment option arising from the closing of its January 28, 2020 public offering. In the January 28, 2020 public offering, the Company sold 43 million shares of its common stock and 47.45 million warrants (each exercisable into ½ of a share of common stock for a total of 23.725 million shares of common stock) from which it received gross proceeds of $9,030,000.

 

Basis of Presentation and Preparation

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and include the accounts of the Company. The financial statements and accompanying notes are the representations of the Company’s management, who is responsible for their integrity and objectivity. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are normal and recurring in nature, necessary for fair financial statement presentation.

 

 F-8 
 

 

Going Concern

 

The Company has incurred substantial operating losses since its inception, and expects to continue to incur significant operating losses for the foreseeable future and may never become profitable. As reflected in the financial statements, the Company had an accumulated deficit of approximately $43.4 million at December 31, 2019, a net loss of approximately $4.3 million, and approximately $10.2 million of net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2019. The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. The Company anticipates incurring additional losses until such time, if ever, that it can obtain marketing approval to sell, and then generate significant sales, of its technology that is currently in development. As such it is likely that additional financing will be needed by the Company to fund its operations and to develop and commercialize its technology. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. For the next twelve months from issuance of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The Company will seek to obtain additional capital through the sale of debt or equity financings or other arrangements to fund operations; however, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to raise needed capital under acceptable terms, if at all. The sale of additional equity may dilute existing stockholders and newly issued shares may contain senior rights and preferences compared to currently outstanding shares of common stock. Issued debt securities may contain covenants and limit the Company's ability to pay dividends or make other distributions to stockholders. If the Company is unable to obtain such additional financing, future operations would need to be scaled back or discontinued. Due to the uncertainty in the Company's ability to raise capital, management believes that there is substantial doubt in the Company's ability to continue as a going concern for twelve months from the issuance of these condensed financial statements.

 

NOTE 2: SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid instruments with maturity of three months or less at the time of issuance to be cash equivalents. The Company did not have any cash equivalents at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable represent income earned from the sale of tools and accessories for which the Company has not yet received payment. Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and adjusted for amounts management expects to collect from balances outstanding at period-end. The Company estimates the allowance for doubtful accounts based on an analysis of specific accounts and an assessment of the customer’s ability to pay, among other factors. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, no allowance for doubtful accounts was recorded.

 

The Company accounts for the transfer of accounts receivable to a third party under a factoring type arrangement in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 860, “Transfers and Servicing”. ASC 860 requires that several conditions be met in order to present the transfer of accounts receivable as a sale. Even though the Company has isolated the transferred (sold) assets and has the legal right to transfer its assets (accounts receivable), it does not meet the third test of effective control since its accounts receivable sales agreement with a third-party factor requires it to be liable in the event of default by one of its customers. Because it does not meet all three conditions, it does not qualify for sale treatment of its accounts receivable, and its debt thus incurred is presented as a secured loan liability, entitled “Loan payable - factor”, on its balance sheet. The Company recorded a sales discount of $13,000 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value using the first-in, first-out method. The reported net value of inventory includes finished saleable products that will be sold or used in future periods. The Company reserves for obsolete and slow-moving inventory. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, there were no reserves for obsolete and slow-moving inventory.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are recorded at cost, less accumulated depreciation. The Company provides for depreciation on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets which range from three to seven years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated useful life of the related assets when they are placed into service. The Company evaluates property and equipment for impairment periodically to determine if changes in circumstances or the occurrence of events suggest the carrying value of the asset or asset group may not be recoverable. Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred. Expenditures which substantially increase the useful lives of the related assets are capitalized.

 

Long-lived Assets

 

In accordance with ASC 360, “Property, Plant, and Equipment”, the Company tests long-lived assets or asset groups for recoverability when events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amount may not be recoverable. Circumstances which could trigger a review include, but are not limited to: significant decreases in the market price of the asset; significant adverse changes in the business climate or legal factors; accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of the asset; current period cash flow or operating losses combined with a history of losses or a forecast of continuing losses associated with the use of the asset; and current expectation that the asset will more likely than not be sold or disposed of significantly before the end of its estimated useful life. Recoverability is assessed based on the carrying amount of the asset compared to the estimated future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and the eventual disposal of the asset, as well as specific appraisal in certain instances. An impairment loss equal to the excess of the carrying value over the assets fair market value is recognized when the carrying amount exceeds the undiscounted cash flows. The impairment loss is recorded as an expense and a direct write-down of the asset. No impairment loss was recorded during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Debt Issuance Costs

 

Costs incurred in connection with the issuance of debt are capitalized and amortized to interest expense over the term of the related debt using the straight-line method which approximates the effective interest method. The costs associated with the outstanding loans payable are amortized over the term of the respective loan. The unamortized amount is presented as a reduction of debt on the accompanying balance sheets.

 

 F-9 
 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company adheres to ASC 820, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC 820 applies to reported balances that are required or permitted to be measured at fair value under existing accounting pronouncements; accordingly, the standard does not require any new fair value measurements of reported balances.

 

ASC 820 emphasizes that fair value is a market-based measurement, not an entity-specific measurement. Therefore, a fair value measurement should be determined based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. As a basis for considering market participant assumptions in fair value measurements, ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between market participant assumptions based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity (observable inputs that are classified within Levels 1 and 2 of the hierarchy) and the reporting entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions (unobservable inputs classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy).

 

  Level 1 inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access.
     
  Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs may include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, as well as inputs that are observable for the asset or liability (other than quoted prices), such as interest rates, foreign exchange rates, and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals.
     
  Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability, which is typically based on an entity’s own assumptions, as there is little, if any, related market activity.

 

In instances where the determination of the fair value measurement is based on inputs from different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the entire fair value measurement falls is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.

 

The Company had no derivative instruments as of December 31, 2019 requiring such valuation.

 

Level 3 Fair Value Sensitivity

 

Warrant derivative

 

From time to time, the Company sells common stock warrants that are derivative instruments. The Company does not enter into speculative derivative agreements and does not enter into derivative agreements for the purpose of hedging risks.

 

The fair value of the warrant derivative includes the estimated volatility and risk-free rate. The higher/lower the estimated volatility, the higher/lower the value of the debt conversion feature liability. The higher/lower the risk-free interest rate, the higher/lower the value of the debt conversion feature liability.

 

The table below provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for the warrant derivative which is measured at fair value using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3):

 

Balance, January 1, 2019  $23,507,247 
Series B Warrants exercised or expired during the three months ended March 31, 2019   (14,584,371)
Series B Warrants exchanged for Series C Preferred Stock   (3,671,024)
Change in the fair value of warrant derivative   (5,251,852)
Balance, December 31, 2019  $- 

 

Balance, January 1, 2018  $- 
Fair value of warrant derivative at Issuance date   9,170,822 
Change in the fair value of warrant derivative   14,336,425 
Balance, December 31, 2018  $23,507,247 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

In May of 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-09 – Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The core principle of the new accounting guidance is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new accounting guidance provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized and requires enhanced disclosures about revenue.

 

The Company adopted ASC 606, including all related amendments, with a date of initial application of January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach. The Company applied the guidance to contracts with customers that were not substantially complete as of January 1, 2019. The results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2019 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported with the Company’s historic accounting under ASC 605 – Revenue Recognition. For contracts, which were modified before the adoption date, the Company has not restated the contract for those modifications. Instead, the Company reflected the aggregate effect of all modifications when identifying the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations, determining the transaction price and allocating the transaction price, if necessary. The cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 606 is to be applied as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The Company analyzed this effect and found the adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on its financial statements and revenue recognition is consistent with the Company’s historical accounting policies.

 

The Company recognizes revenues when product is delivered to the customer, and the ownership is transferred. The Company’s revenue recognition policy is based on the revenue recognition criteria established under the FASB – Accounting Standards Codification 606 “Revenue From Contracts With Customers” which has established a five-step process to govern contract revenue and satisfy each element is as follows: (1) Identify the contract(s) with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when or as you satisfy a performance obligation. The Company records the revenue once all the above steps are completed. See Note 10 for further information on revenue recognition.

 

 F-10 
 

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes following the asset and liability method in accordance with the ASC 740 “Income Taxes.” Under such method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. The Company applies the accounting guidance issued to address the accounting for uncertain tax positions. This guidance clarifies the accounting for income taxes, by prescribing a minimum recognition threshold a tax position is required to meet before being recognized in the financial statements as well as provides guidance on derecognition, measurement, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. The Company classifies interest and penalty expense related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years that the asset is expected to be recovered or the liability settled. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets depends on the generation of future taxable income during the period in which related temporary differences become deductible. The Company considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies in its assessment of a valuation allowance.

 

Stock Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for employee stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718-10, “Share-Based Payment,” which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees and directors including employee stock options, restricted stock units, and employee stock purchases based on estimated fair values.

 

The Company estimates the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes option-pricing formula. This fair value is then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods of the awards, which is generally the vesting period. The Company’s determination of fair value using an option-pricing model is affected by the stock price as well as assumptions regarding the number of highly subjective variables.

 

The Company estimates volatility based upon the historical stock price of the comparable companies and estimates the expected term for employee stock options using the simplified method for employees and directors and the contractual term. The risk-free rate is determined based upon the prevailing rate of United States Treasury securities with similar maturities.

 

The Company recognizes forfeitures as they occur rather than applying a prospective forfeiture rate in advance.

 

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

 

The Company computes net earnings (loss) per share in accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings per Share”. ASC 260 requires presentation of both basic and diluted net earnings per share (“EPS”) on the face of the statement of operations. Basic EPS is computed by dividing earnings (loss) available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method and convertible preferred stock using the if-converted method. In computing diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of Class A and B warrants, convertible preferred stock and convertible debentures. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential shares if their effect is anti-dilutive.

 

Potentially dilutive securities that are not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share because their effect is anti-dilutive are as follows (in common equivalent shares):

 

   Year Ended 
   December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
Preferred shares   7,043,000    517,875 
Warrants   11,449,884    364,859 
Options   1,063,419    125,000 
Series A and Series B Notes   5,602,750      
Total anti-dilutive weighted average shares   25,159,053    1,007,734 

 

 F-11 
 

 

Segment Reporting

 

The Company operates one reportable segment referred to as the tools segment. A single management team that reports to the Chief Executive Officer comprehensively manages the business. Accordingly, the Company does not have separately reportable segments.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

As an emerging growth company, the Company has elected to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) ASU 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU is intended to simplify aspects of share-based compensation issued to non-employees by making the guidance consistent with accounting for employee share-based compensation. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that fiscal year. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently in the process of evaluating the impact of this guidance on our condensed financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842).” The objective of this update is to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and is to be applied utilizing a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance to determine the impact it may have on its financial statements.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (“Topic 326”)”. The ASU introduces a new accounting model, the Current Expected Credit Losses model (“CECL”), which requires earlier recognition of credit losses and additional disclosures related to credit risk. The CECL model utilizes a lifetime expected credit loss measurement objective for the recognition of credit losses at the time the financial asset is originated or acquired. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual period beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim reporting periods within those annual reporting periods. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance to determine its impact it may have on its financial statements.

 

In December 2019, the FASB Issued ASU 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting of Income Taxes”, which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. This guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance to determine its impact it may have on its financial statements.

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities.” The main objective of this update is to enhance the reporting model for financial instruments to provide users of financial statements with more decision-useful information. The new guidance addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance to determine the impact it may have on its financial statements.

 

 F-12 
 

 

NOTE 3: FACTOR RECEIVABLES, LETTERS OF CREDIT PAYABLE AND LOAN PAYABLE

 

In April 2013, the Company entered into a financing arrangement with a third-party purchase order financing company (the “Factor”), whereby the Company assigned to the Factor selected sales orders from its customers in exchange for opening a letter of credit (“LC”) with its vendors to manufacture its products. The Company paid an initial fixed fee of 5% of the cost of products it purchased from the vendor upon opening the LC, and 1% each 30 days thereafter, after the LC is funded by the Factor until such time as the Factor receives the payment from the Company’s customers. The factoring agreement provides for full recourse against the Company for factored accounts receivable that are not collected by the Factor for any reason, and the collection of such accounts receivable is fully secured by substantially all of the receivables of the Company. Financial information on factoring is set forth in the below table:

 

   For the Year Ended December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Factor payables, beginning balance  $1,304,512   $1,078,941 
    -    - 
New factorings   2,891,727    5,532,225 
Payments, net of returns and discounts   (4,070,594)   (5,306,654)
Factor loan payable, net  $125,645   $1,304,512 

 

NOTE 4: INVENTORY

 

Inventory consists of the following:

 

Description  December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
           
Finished goods  $2,215,497   $379,915 

 

 F-13 
 

 

NOTE 5: PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

Property and equipment consists of the following:

 

   December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
Furniture  $111,490   $61,722 
Computers   254,243    88,615 
Production equipment   182,446    75,233 
Tooling and molds   605,485    249,690 
Website design   360,943    9,850 
Leasehold Improvements   42,249    37,899 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (526,971)   (298,813)
 Property and Equipment, net  $1,029,885   $224,196 

 

Depreciation expense for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, was $225,426 and $120,723, respectively.

 

NOTE 6 - NOTES PAYABLE

 

On June 19, 2018, the Company executed a promissory note in the principal amount of $114,000 with a third party which was initially due and payable on September 30, 2018. The Company received cash proceeds of $100,000 from the promissory note. The promissory note is unsecured, bears an interest rate of 1.9% per month, and was issued with an original issue discount of 14%. On September 30, 2018, the Company and the third party mutually agreed to extend the maturity date of the promissory note until the earlier of three business days after the closing of the Company’s IPO and November 15, 2018. The holder of the promissory note was paid $7,500 as extension fee. The Company recorded $14,000 as debt discount and a $7,500 extension expense as interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2018. In addition, the Company recorded $10,686 as interest expense on the promissory note for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

On August 31, 2018, the Company executed six (6) unsecured promissory notes, with an original issuance debt discount of 15%, for a cumulative principal sum of $862,500 and gross proceeds of $750,000. The Company promised to pay the promissory note holders the aggregate principal sum of $862,500 on the earlier of (i) the third trading day after the closing of the Company’s IPO and (ii) November 30, 2018. At closing on September 4, 2018, the Company received cash proceeds of $652,579, which was the gross proceeds of $750,000, net of placement agent fees of $62,850, legal fees of $30,571, and escrow fees if $4,000. In addition, the Company issued to the six note holders an aggregate of 18,750 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock, and 7,500 warrants to the placement agent (Note 10). On November 5, 2018, the holders of the six (6) promissory notes agreed to accept unregistered Class A Units at a per Unit conversion price equal to 80% of the per Unit purchase price in the Company’s IPO, and at the IPO closing, the Company issued 215,625 unregistered Class A Units upon the conversion of the aggregate amount of the notes at a Unit purchase price of $4.00 (see Note 10). Included in Class A Units were 215,625 Series A Warrants and 215,625 Series B Warrants. The Series A Warrants were classified within equity and the Series B Warrants were classified as a warrant derivative with a fair value determined to be $295,375 on the date of issuance. The Company recognized an expense of $215,625 as inducement payment for this conversion. In addition, the Company recorded a debt issuance cost of $187,500 and a debt discount of $209,921 as interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

 F-14 
 

 

SENIOR SECURED CONVERTIBLE NOTES

 

On August 19, 2019, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an institutional investor pursuant to which it sold $11.5 million aggregate principal amount of promissory notes (at an aggregate original issue discount of 15%) to the investor in a transaction exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The first note (the “Series A Note”) has a face amount of $6.72 million for which the investor paid $5 million in cash. The second note (the “Series B Note” and with the Series A Note, collectively referred to as the “Notes”) has a principal amount of $4.78 million for which the investor paid $4.78 million in the form of a full recourse promissory note issued by the investor to the Company (the “Investor Note”) secured by $4.78 million in cash or cash equivalents of the investor (i.e :an original issue discount of approximately 15% to the face amount of the Series B Note). No portion of the Series B Note may be converted into shares of our common stock (the “Common Stock”) until the corresponding portion of the Investor Note has been prepaid to the Company in cash, at which point in time such portion of the Series B Note shall be deemed “unrestricted”. The Investor Note is subject to optional prepayment at any time at the option of the investor and mandatory prepayment, at the Company’s option, subject to certain equity conditions, at any time 45 Trading Days after the effectiveness of a resale registration statement (or otherwise the applicability of Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended). Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company may not effect a mandatory prepayment if the shares underlying the Series A Note and the portion of the Series B Note that has become unrestricted exceeds 35% of the market capitalization of the Company. The Company incurred $485,000 in debt issuance costs on these notes which has been recorded as a debt discount.

 

The Notes are senior secured obligations of the Company secured by a lien on all assets of the Company, bear no interest (unless an event default has occurred and is continuing) and mature on December 31, 2020. The Notes will be convertible at $1.00 into a fixed number of shares (the “Conversion Shares”). The Notes are convertible at the Holder’s option, in whole or in part, at any time after closing. The Conversion Price will be subject to adjustment for stock dividends, stock splits, anti-dilution and other customary adjustment events.

 

The Company shall repay the Principal Amount of the Notes in 12 installments, with the first installment starting on February 1, 2020 (each, an “Installment Date”). Installments 1-3 shall be 1/36th of the Principal Amount, Installments 4-6 shall be 1/18th of the Principal Amount and Installments 7-12 shall be 1/8th of the Principal Amount. The repayment amount shall be payable in cash, or, subject to the satisfaction of equity conditions, at the option of the Company, in registered Common Stock or a combination of cash and registered Common Stock. However, if the 30-day volume weighted average price of the Common Stock (the “VWAP”) of the Company falls below 50% of the market price of a share of the Company’s common stock or the Company fails to satisfy certain other equity conditions, the repayment amount is payable in shares of Common Stock only unless the Investor(s) waive any applicable equity condition. If the Company elects to satisfy all or any portion of an installment in shares of Common Stock, the Company will predeliver such shares of Common Stock to the investor on the 23rd trading day prior to the applicable Installment Date, with a true-up of shares (if necessary) on the Installment Date. Any excess shares of Common Stock shall be applied to subsequent installments.

 

The shares used to meet a Principal Repayment (“Installment Shares”) would be valued at a conversion price calculated as the lesser of (i) 85% of the arithmetic average of the three lowest daily VWAPs of the 20 trading days prior to the payment date or (ii) 85% of the VWAP of the trading day prior to payment date (“Installment Price”) with a floor of $0.10.

 

All amortization payments shall be subject to the Investors’ right to (a) defer some or all of any Installment Payment to a subsequent Installment Date; and (b) at any time during an installment period, convert up to four times the installment amount at the Installment Price; provided shares received pursuant to such accelerated conversions shall be subject to a leak-out provision that solely limits sales of such shares received by the investor in such accelerated conversion (and not any other sales) to the greater of (a) $500,000 per trading day or (b) 40% of the volume traded on a given day as reported by Bloomberg LP.

 

 F-15 
 

 

Upon completion of a Change of Control, the Holders may require the Company to purchase any outstanding Notes in cash at 125% of par plus accrued but unpaid interest. The Company shall have the right to redeem any and all amounts of the outstanding Note at 125% of the greater of (a) Principal Amount plus accrued but unpaid interest (if any), or (b) Conversion Value plus accrued but unpaid interest (if any) provided the Company has satisfied certain equity conditions. The Company must give the Investor(s) ninety (90) business days’ prior notice of any such redemption.

 

Prior to all outstanding amounts under the Note being repaid in full, the Company will not create any new encumbrances on any of its or its subsidiaries’ assets without the prior written consent of the Lender, with a carveout for a working capital facility of which the details are to be determined. The Notes shall also be subject to standard events of default and remedies therefor.

 

The Company filed a registration statement (“Effectiveness Date”) on Form S-1 covering the resale of the shares underlying the Series A Note, the Series B Note and Warrants which was declared effective on October 15, 2019.

 

In connection with the granting of the Notes, the Company shall issue detachable warrants to the Investor, exercisable in whole or in part at any time during the five years from the date of issuance, in amount equal to 50% of the conversion shares underlying the Notes and have an exercise price of $1.00 per share. To the extent the Company has a change of control or a spinoff, the warrants provide for a put for the warrants to the Company at their Black- Scholes Valuation. The value of the warrants amounted to $575,000 and was recoded as debt discount in the accompanying balance sheet.

 

Until the 3 year anniversary of the maturity date, the investor shall have the right (but not the obligation) to participate in 50% of any subsequent equity or debt issuance. Consummation of the transaction has been subject to certain conditions precedent, including the Company agrees to procure an approval of this transaction at its annual shareholder meeting scheduled no later than 180 days after the Closing Date and agrees to procure voting agreements from principal shareholders prior to closing of the Company.

 

On December 23, 2019, ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) entered into an exchange agreement with an institutional investor pursuant to which the investor is exchanging $5.5 million principal amount of its August 19, 2019 Series A Senior Secured Note for 5,775 shares of its Series D Preferred Stock, which was authorized by the Company’s Board of Directors on December 21, 2019.

 

As of December 31, 2019, the principal amount of notes payable - current was $5,602,750. Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs for the year ended December 31, 2019 amounted to $626,546. The unamortized amount of debt discount and debt issuance cost as of December 31, 2019 was $1,386,443.

 

NOTE 7 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Lease Commitments

 

On January 3, 2017, the Company executed a non-cancellable operating lease for its principal office with the lease commencing February 1, 2017 for a five (5) year term. The Company paid a security deposit of $29,297, which is included in other assets on the accompanying balance sheets. The lease required the Company to pay its proportionate share of direct costs estimated to be 22.54% of the total property, a fixed monthly direct cost of $6,201 for each month during the term of the lease, and monthly rental pursuant to the lease terms.

 

We entered into a lease for office space at 8669 Research Drive, in Irvine, CA, which is to replace the current corporate headquarters. The lease commenced on December 1, 2019 with no rent due until April 1, 2020. From April 1, 2020 through March 31, 2025, base rent will be due on the first of each month in the amount of $25,200 escalating annually on December 1 of each year to $29,480 beginning December 1, 2023. The Company paid an initial amount of $68,128 comprising the rent for April 2020, a security deposit and the amount due for property taxes, insurance and association fees.

 

Future minimum lease commitments of the Company are as follows:

 

For the years ending December 31,  Amount 
2020  $383,601 
2021   502,872 
2022   343,821 
2023   

341,293

 
2024   

353,765

 
2025   

88,411

 
Total  $2,013,793 

 

The Company recorded rent expense of $201,540 and $164,626 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Other Commitments

 

On August 30, 2018, the Company entered into an agreement with a customer to pay a slotting allowance of $1,000,000 payable in three annual installments of $333,334 on March 1, 2019, $333,333 on March 1, 2020 and $333,333 on March 1, 2021.

 

Employment Agreements with Officers

 

On January 3, 2017, the Company entered into an employment agreement with its President and Chief Executive Officer for a five-year term. The officer received a sign-on-bonus of $50,000 and is entitled to an annual base salary of $350,000 to increase by 10% each year commencing on January 1, 2018. The officer was also granted a stock option to purchase 125,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $10.00 per share.

 

 F-16 
 

 

On January 3, 2017, the Company entered into an employment agreement with its Vice-President of Design and Development for a five-year term. Under the terms of this agreement, the officer received a sign-on-bonus of $35,000 and is entitled to an annual base salary of $250,000 beginning on December 1, 2016 to increase by 10% each year commencing on January 1, 2018.

 

On January 3, 2017, the Company entered into an employment agreement with its Chief Operating Officer and Secretary for a three-year term. Under the terms of this agreement, the officer is entitled to an annual base salary of $180,000 beginning on January 1, 2017 to increase by 10% each year commencing on January 1, 2018.

 

On January 3, 2017, the Company entered into an employment agreement with its Chief Financial Officer for a three-year term. Under the terms of this agreement, the officer is entitled to an annual base salary of $250,000 beginning on January 1, 2017 to increase by 10% each year commencing on January 1, 2018.

 

The employment agreements also entitle the officers to receive, among other benefits, the following compensation: (i) eligibility to receive an annual cash bonus at the sole discretion of the Board and as determined by the Compensation Committee commensurate with the policies and practices applicable to other senior executive officers of the Company; (ii) an opportunity to participate in any stock option, performance share, performance unit or other equity based long-term incentive compensation plan commensurate with the terms and conditions applicable to other senior executive officers and (iii) participation in benefit plans, practices, policies and programs provided by the Company (including, without limitation, medical, prescription, dental, disability, employee life, group life, accidental death and travel accident insurance plans and programs) to the extent available to the Company’s other senior executive officers.

 

On September 30, 2017, the officers and an employee agreed to defer 30% of their salaries starting September 30, 2017 to September 30, 2018 for payment after the completion of the IPO. On September 30, 2018, the officers and employees agreed to convert their deferred compensation of $650,100, owed as of September 30, 2018, into shares of the Company’s common stock upon the consummation of an IPO. Concurrent with the closing of the IPO on November 14, 2018, the Company issued 136,863 unregistered shares of common stock upon conversion of $650,100 of accrued and unpaid compensation of officers and directors at a conversion price of $4.75 per share (see Note 10).

 

On December 24, 2018, the Board approved $300,000 in cash bonuses for the two founders and an officer of the Company, payable by January 31, 2019. The Company has accrued the bonus expense as of December 31, 2018.

 

Litigation Costs and Contingencies

 

From time to time, the Company may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings, which arise in the ordinary course of business. Litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm business. Other than as set forth below, management is currently not aware of any such legal proceedings or claims that could have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or operating results.

 

  1. Edwin Minassian v. Michael Panosian and ToughBuilt Industries, Inc., Los Angeles Superior Court Case No. EC065533.

 

On August 16, 2016, Plaintiff Edwin Minassian filed a complaint against Defendants ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) and Michael Panosian in the Superior Court of California, County of Los Angeles, Case No. EC065533. The complaint alleges breach of oral contracts to pay Plaintiff for consulting and finder’s fees, and to hire him as an employee. The complaint further alleged claims of fraud and misrepresentation relating to an alleged payment in exchange for stock in the Company. The complaint seeks unspecified monetary damages, declaratory relief, stock in the Company, and other relief according to proof.

 

On April 12, 2018, the Court entered judgments of default against the Company and Mr. Panosian in the amounts of $7,080 and $235,542, plus awarding Mr. Minassian a 7% ownership interest in the Company (the “Judgments”). Mr. Minassian served notice of entry of the judgments on April 17, 2018 and the Company and Mr. Panosian received notice of the entry of the default judgments on April 19, 2018.

 

The Company and Panosian satisfied the judgments on September 14, 2018 by payment of $252,949 to Plaintiff Minassian and by issuing Plaintiff Minassian 376,367 shares of common stock of the Company. On October 18, 2018, the Company and Panosian filed a Notice of Appeal from the Order denying their motion for relief from the above-referenced default judgment.

 

On October 1, 2019, the Second Appellate District of the California Court of Appeal issued its opinion reversing the trial court’s order denying ToughBuilt’s motion for relief from the default judgment and directing the trial court to grant ToughBuilt’s motion for relief, including allowing ToughBuilt to file an Answer and contest Minassian’s claims.

 

The appellate court recently issued an remittitur officially transferring the matter from the appellate court back to the trial court for further proceedings consistent with its ruling, and the Company and Panosian have filed an Answer to the Complaint. The trial court has not yet set a trial date, and discovery in this case is just now beginning. The Company intends to vigorously defend the Complaint and seek to recover the compensation and stock previously paid to satisfy the now vacated default judgment. The Company believes it has a strong position, but cannot quantify the likelihood that it will prevail in the above litigation, or any likely liability or recoveries, because of the current status of the case and the unpredictability of litigation.

 

2. Design 1st v. ToughBuilt Industries, Inc., American Arbitration Association

 

On November 26, 2019, Claimant Design 1st filed a Demand for Arbitration against ToughBuilt Industries seeking $169,094.35 in damages, plus attorney’s fees and costs. Claimaint contends the Company breached a written contract by failing to pay for design services. ‘The Company filed a Cross-Demand for Arbitration against Claimant seeking $394,956.07 in damages, plus attorney’s and costs alleging Claimant breached the same contract by performing negligent services, failing to meets its obligations under the contract, and fraudulent billing. An arbitration hearing has not yet been scheduled by the arbitrator, Grant Kim, and discovery has not yet commenced. The Company intends to vigorously defend the Demand for Arbitration. The Company believes it has a strong position, but cannot quantify the likelihood that it will prevail in the above litigation, or any likely liability or recoveries, because of the current status of the case and the unpredictability of litigation.

 

The Company has recorded the litigation expense of $0 and $1,192,488 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

In the normal course of business, the Company incurs costs to hire and retain external legal counsel to advise it on regulatory, litigation and other matters. The Company expenses these costs as the related services are received. If a loss is considered probable and the amount can be reasonable estimated, the Company recognizes an expense for the estimated loss.

 

NOTE 8: STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

At December 31, 2019, the Company had 200,000,000 shares of common stock and 5,000,000 shares of Series C preferred stock authorized, both with a par value of $0.0001 per share. In addition, the Company had 5,775 shares of Series D preferred stock, authorized, with a par value of $1,000 per share.

 

On September 13, 2018, the Company effectuated a reverse stock split (the “Reverse Split”) of its issued and outstanding common stock, preferred stock, warrants and options (collectively the “Equity Instruments”). As a result of the Reverse Split, each (2) units of Equity Instruments issued and outstanding prior to the Reverse Split were converted into one (1) unit of Equity Instrument.

 

Common Stock and Class A Units

 

On August 22, 2018, the Company issued 8,334 restricted shares of its common stock valued at $42,801 to a consultant for providing business advisory and consulting services, the expense was recorded as stock-based compensation expense.

 

On November 14, 2018, the Company consummated its IPO pursuant to which it sold a total of 2,670,000 Class A Units, each Unit consisting of one share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and a Series A Warrant to purchase one share of common stock and a Series B Warrant to purchase one share of common stock, on an offer price of $5.00 for each unit of a share of common stock, a Series A Warrant and a Series B Warrant (“Class A Unit”). The Company received net proceeds from the IPO of $12,415,500 after deducting underwriting discounts and commission of $934,500. The Company incurred $743,765 in expenses related to the IPO.

 

Concurrent with the closing of the IPO on November 14, 2018, the following private transactions were consummated in accordance with the related agreements (Notes 6, 7, 8 and 9), all in transactions exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended:

 

  (a) 1,366,768 unregistered Class A Units were issued upon the conversion of outstanding shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock at a conversion price of $3.50 per Class A Unit.
     
  (b) 42,105 unregistered shares of common stock were issued upon conversion of the $200,000 principal amount of a promissory note due to an officer at a conversion price of $4.75 per share.

 

 F-17 
 

 

  (c) 1,726,678 unregistered Class A Units were issued upon conversion of outstanding convertible debt instruments (consisting of all principal amounts and accrued and unpaid interest through the date of the IPO) at a conversion price of $5.00 per Unit.
     
  (d) 136,863 unregistered shares of common stock were issued upon conversion of $650,100 of accrued and unpaid salaries to officers and directors at a conversion price of $4.75 per share.
     
  (e) 215,625 unregistered Class A Units issued upon the conversion of outstanding principal amount of unsecured promissory notes at a conversion price of $4.00 per Unit.

 

On December 17, 2018, pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement dated November 8, 2018, by and between the Company and the underwriters named therein (the “Representative”), the Representative, on behalf of the underwriters, agreed to partially exercise the over-allotment option to purchase an additional 25,000 shares of common stock, at a price of $4.98 per share, 400,500 Series A Warrants, at a price of $0.01 per warrant and 400,500 Series B Warrants, at a price of $0.01 per warrant. The Company received net proceeds from the exercise of over-allotment option of $121,909 after deducting commission and expenses of $10,601.

 

As of December 31, 2019, the Company had 33,000,151 shares of common stock issued and outstanding. At December 31, 2018, the Company had 9,870,873 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

 

Warrants

 

Placement Agent Warrants

 

The Company has issued warrants to the placement agents to purchase one share of its common stock at an exercise price of $12.00 per share. The warrants issued in its October 2016 Private Placement expire on October 17, 2021, and the warrants issued in its March 2018 Private Placement, May 2018 Private Placement and August 2018 Financing expire on September 4, 2023. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock or other securities issuable on exercise of such warrants are subject to customary adjustment in certain circumstances, including in the event of a stock dividend, recapitalization, reorganization, merger or consolidation of the Company. As of December 31, 2019, and 2018, 44,373 warrants and 45,775 warrants, respectively, have been issued to the placement agents and are outstanding and are currently exercisable.

 

Class B Convertible Preferred Stock and Class B Warrants

 

On January 8, 2018, the Company offered for sale a minimum of 160,000 units and a maximum of 300,000 units to certain accredited investors, with each such unit consisting of (i) one-half (1/2) share of Company’s Class B Convertible Preferred Stock Class B Preferred Stock, par value of $0.0001 per share, and (ii) one-half (1/2) of a Class B Warrant to purchase one-half (1/2) share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share. On March 14, 2018, the Company sold 162,000 units at a $5.00 per unit purchase price for gross proceeds of $810,000 and received cash proceeds of $613,200, net of commissions of $64,800 earned by the placement agent on the capital raise, $128,000 in legal fees, and $4,000 in escrow fees. Each Class B Warrant has an initial exercise price of $12.00 per share, subject to adjustment, and was exercisable for a period of five (5) years from the date of issuance. An aggregate of 81,000 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock and 81,000 Class B Warrants were issued. As this transaction met certain accounting criteria, the Class B Warrants were recorded in stockholders’ equity and were not accounted for as derivatives.

 

 F-18 
 

 

On May 2, 2018, the Company offered for sale 140,000 units with the same terms as the units sold in the earlier 2018 transaction, and on May 15, 2018, the Company sold all 140,000 for gross proceeds of $700,000, and received cash proceeds of $587,957, net of commissions and fees of $74,574 earned by the placement agent on capital raise, $33,469 in legal fees, and $4,000 in escrow fees. As this transaction met certain accounting criteria, the Class B Warrants are recorded in stockholders’ equity and were not accounted for as derivatives.

 

On August 28, 2018, the holders of the Company’s convertible debentures and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of those debentures to September 30, 2018, and the holders received on a pro rata basis, 7,500 shares of the Company’s Class B Convertible Preferred Stock valued at $75,000 (Note 6).

 

On September 4, 2018, the Company issued to the six (6) promissory note holders an aggregate of 18,750 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock valued at $187,500 pursuant to the August 31, 2018 financing agreement (Note 7).

 

On October 15, 2018, the holders of the convertible debentures were issued 15,000 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock valued at $150,000 in exchange for extension of the maturity date of those debentures to October 15, 2018. This date was subsequently extended to the earlier of the closing of the Company’s IPO and November 15, 2018 for payment of an additional 15,000 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock valued at $150,000 (Note 6).

 

The holders of the Class B Warrants did not exercise any of their warrants during the year ended December 31, 2018. Class B Warrants are exercisable at December 31, 2018 at the exercise price of $12.00 per share and such warrants expire between October 17, 2021 and May 15, 2023.

 

Concurrent with the closing of the IPO on November 14, 2018, the Company issued 1,366,768 unregistered Class A Units upon the conversion of outstanding shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock at a conversion price of $3.50 per Class A Unit. Included in Class A Units were 1,366,768 Series A Warrants and 1,366,768 Series B Warrants. The Series A Warrants were classified within equity and the Series B Warrants were classified as a warrant derivative with a fair value determined to be $1,872,271 on the date of issuance.

 

The Company had no shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock, 265,500 Class B Warrants, and 45,775 Placement Agent Warrants issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2018. The Company had no shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock, 265,500 Class B Warrants, and 44,373 Placement Agent Warrants issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019.

 

The IPO and Series A Warrants and Series B Warrants issued thereunder

 

On November 14, 2018, the Company consummated its IPO whereby it sold a total of 2,670,000 Class A Units, each Unit consisting of one share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and a Series A Warrant to purchase one share of common stock and a Series B Warrant to purchase one share of common stock, on an offer price of $5.00 for each unit of a share and a Series A Warrant and a Series B Warrant. The Company issued 2,670,000 Series A Warrants and 2,670,000 Series B warrants upon consummation of its IPO. The Series A Warrants were classified within equity and the Series B Warrants were classified as a warrant derivative with a fair value determined to be $3,657,507 on the date of issuance.

 

Concurrent with the closing of the IPO on November 14, 2018, the Company issued 1,366,768 Series A Warrants and 1,366,768 Series B Warrants upon the conversion of outstanding shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock. In addition, the Company issued 1,726,678 Series A Warrants and Series B Warrants upon the conversion of outstanding convertible debt instruments consisting of all principal amounts and accrued and unpaid interest through the date of the IPO (Note 6). The Company also issued 215,625 Series A Warrants and 215,625 Series B Warrants upon conversion of outstanding principal amount of the unsecured promissory notes (Note 7).

 

On December 17, 2018, pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement dated November 8, 2018, by and between the Company and the underwriters named therein (the “Representative”), the Representative, on behalf of the underwriters, agreed to partially exercise the over-allotment option to purchase 400,500 Series A Warrants, at a price of $0.01 per warrant and 400,500 Series B Warrants, at a price of $0.01 per warrant. The Series A Warrants were classified within equity and the Series B Warrants were classified as a warrant derivative with a fair value determined to be $980,375 on the date of issuance.

 

April 2019 Exchange

 

On April 11, 2019, Hillair Capital Investment LP exchanged its ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. Series A Warrant to purchase up to 1,189,560 shares of common stock of the Company and a Series B Warrant to purchase up to 1,005,760 shares of Common Stock, which Series B Warrants are subject to certain anti-dilution provisions imbedded in such Series B Warrants for 4,268 shares of Company’s Series C Convertible Preferred Stock having the rights, preferences and privileges set forth in the Certificate of Designation, filed by the Company with the Secretary of State of Nevada The shares of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock are convertible into 4,268,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, and rights to convert into common stock are subject to limitations on ownership at any one time of Company common stock up to 9.9% of the issued and outstanding shares of common stock of the Company; otherwise, the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock has no rights not awarded to holders of common stock of the Company. Hillair Capital’s right to convert into shares of common stock is subject to daily volume limitations as follows:

 

 F-19 
 

 

Up to 500,000 shares of daily volume, may trade 15% of the volume

 

From 500,001 shares through 1,000,000 shares of daily volume, may trade 20% of the volume

 

From 1,000,001 shares of daily volume, may trade 25% of the volume.

 

All Series C Convertible Preferred Stock has been converted into common stock as of December 31, 2019.

 

Series D Preferred Stock

 

On December 23, 2019, we exchanged $5,500,000 principal amount of our Senior Secured Convertible Notes for 5,775 shares of our Series D Preferred Stock, all of which remained issued and outstanding on December 31, 2019.

 

The terms of the Series D Preferred Stock are as follows:

 

Stated Value   $1,000 per share, subject to increase for (a) any capitalized dividends and (b) on June 30, 2020 (and each six month anniversary thereafter), the Stated Value shall increase by 5%.
     
Dividends:   The Series D Preferred Stock shall participate with any dividends paid to the holders of Common Stock. In addition, from now until June 30, 2020, shall accrue dividends at a rate of 8% per annum and from June 30, 2020 and thereafter, at 12% per annum, which shall capitalize to the stated value of the Series D Preferred Stock on a monthly basis. Upon the occurrence of certain triggering events, the Series D Preferred Stock shall accrue additional dividends at a default rate set forth in the definitive documentation.
     
Conversion Price:   The Investor may elect to convert the Series D Preferred Stock into shares of Common Stock at a conversion price (the “Conversion Price”) equal to $1.00 per share. The Conversion Price of the Series D Preferred Stock shall be subject to customary adjustments for stock splits, dividends, recapitalizations and similar events. The Series D Preferred Stock shall be alternatively convertible at the Alternate Conversion Price (as defined in our previously outstanding notes (the “Existing Notes”).
     
Voting Rights  

Series D Preferred Stock vote together on all matters as a class, with the approval of a majority of the Series D Preferred Stock required to amend or waive any term or condition of the Series D Preferred Stock. Series D Preferred Stock shall vote on an as-converted basis with the holders of Common Stock on all matters (subject to applicable ownership blockers, including not exceeding 19.9% in any event).

 

Company Exchange Right  

The Company shall have the right to exchange the Series D Preferred Stock, at its option back into senior secured convertible notes in the form of the Existing Notes, at any time, with such New Exchange Notes having an initial outstanding amount equal to the stated value, accrued and unpaid dividends and any other amounts outstanding with respect to such Series D Preferred Stock subject to such exchange.

 

Limitations on Beneficial Ownership:  

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, no Preferred Stock of any Investor shall be issued or shall be convertible if after such conversion such Investor would beneficially own more than 4.99% of the shares of Common Stock then outstanding (as defined under Section 13(d) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended).

 

Exchange Cap   The Series D Preferred Stock shall share the Exchange Cap of the August 19, 2019 Series A Note and Series B Note and, to the extent the Existing Notes have been converted into 19.9% of the Common Stock, shall not be convertible until such time as stockholder approval has been obtained and/or additional shares of Common Stock are eligible to be converted thereunder in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Principal Market.

 

 F-20 
 

 

The 2016 Equity Incentive Plan

 

The 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) was adopted by the Board of Directors and approved by the shareholders on July 6, 2016. The awards per 2016 Plan may be granted through July 5, 2026 to the Company’s employees, consultants, directors and non-employee directors provided such consultants, directors and non-employee directors render good faith services not in connection with the offer and sale of securities in a capital-raising transaction. The maximum number of shares of our common stock that may be issued under the 2016 Plan is 2,000,000 shares, which amount will be (a) reduced by awards granted under the 2016 Plan, and (b) increased to the extent that awards granted under the 2016 Plan are forfeited, expire or are settled for cash (except as otherwise provided in the 2016 Plan). No employee will be eligible to receive more than 125,000 shares of common stock in any calendar year under the 2016 Plan pursuant to the grant of awards.

 

On January 3, 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company approved and granted to the President/Chief Executive Officer of the Company, an option to purchase One Hundred and Twenty-Five Thousand (125,000) shares of the Company’s Common Stock (“Option”) under the Company’s 2016 Plan. The Option will have an exercise price that is no less than $10.00 per share and will vest over four (4) years, with 25% of the total number of shares subject to the Option vesting on the one (1) year anniversary of the date of grant and, the remainder vesting in equal installments on the last day of each of the thirty-six (36) full calendar months thereafter. Vesting will depend on the Officer’s continued service as an employee with the Company and will be subject to the terms and conditions of the 2016 Plan and the written Stock Option Agreement governing the Option. As of December 31, 2017, the Company estimated the fair value of the options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model was $448,861. The Company recorded compensation expense of $112,215 for each of the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The key valuation assumptions used consist, in part, of the price of the Company’s common stock of $3.60 at the issuance date; a risk-free interest rate of 1.72% and the expected volatility of the Company’s common stock of 315.83% (estimated based on the common stock of comparable public entities). As of December 31, 2019, there was no unrecognized compensation expense.

 

The 2018 Equity Incentive Plan

 

Effective July 1, 2018, the Board of Directors adopted the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan”). This 2018 Plan supplements, and does not replace, the existing 2016 Equity Incentive Plan. Awards may be granted under the 2018 Plan through June 30, 2023 to the Company’s employees, officers, consultants, and non-employee directors. The maximum number of shares of our common stock that may be issued under the 2018 Plan is 1,000,000 shares, which amount will be (a) reduced by awards granted under the 2018 Plan, and (b) increased to the extent that awards granted under the 2018 Plan are forfeited, expire or are settled for cash (except as otherwise provided in the 2018 Plan). No employee will be eligible to receive more than 200,000 shares of common stock in any calendar year under the 2018 Plan pursuant to the grant of awards. On September 12, 2018, the Board of Directors approved an increase in the number of shares of common stock reserved for future issuance under this Plan from 1,000,000 shares to 2,000,000 shares. On September 14, 2018, 1,000,000 shares of common stock underlying awards under the 2018 Plan were granted to the employees and officers, 25% vesting immediately on the date of grant and 25% vesting each year thereafter on the three subsequent anniversaries of the grant date. The Company estimated the fair value of the options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model was $1,241,417. During the year ending December 31, 2019, 61,581 options granted under the 2018 Plan have been forfeited. The Company recorded compensation expense of $290,524 and $402,027 for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The key valuation assumptions used consist, in part, of the price of the Company’s common stock ranging in price from $3.90 to $4.29 at the issuance date; a risk-free interest rate ranging from 2.86% to 2.92%, and the expected volatility of the Company’s common stock ranging from of 29.8% to 31.1% (estimated based on the common stock of comparable public entities). As of December 31, 2019, the unrecognized compensation expense was $548,865 which will be recognized as compensation expense over 2.71 years.

 

 F-21 
 

 

NOTE 9: INCOME TAX

 

Income tax expense for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 is summarized as follows.

 

   December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
Deferred:          
Federal  $(2,034,701)  $(2,720,081)
State   (693,481)   (904,569)
Change in valuation allowance   2,728,182    3,624,650 
Income tax expense (benefit)  $-   $- 

 

The following is a reconciliation of the provision for income taxes at the U.S. federal income tax rate to the income taxes reflected in the Statement of Operations:

 

   December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
Book income (loss)   21.00%   21.00%
State taxes   6.98%   6.98%
Change in the fair value of warrant derivative   34.17%   -14.51%
Other permanent items   2.57%   -0.36%
Valuation allowance   (64.72)%   -13.11%
Tax expense at actual rate   -    - 

 

The tax effects of temporary differences that gave rise to significant portions of deferred tax assets and liabilities at December 31, 2019 and 2018 are as follows:

 

   December 31, 2019   December 31, 2018 
Deferred tax assets:          
Net operating loss carryforward  $9,044,119   $6,357,768 
Other   267,766    225,935 
Total gross deferred tax assets   9,311,885    6,583,703 
Less: valuation allowance   (9,311,885)   (6,583,703)
Net deferred tax assets  $-   $- 

 

Deferred income taxes are provided for the tax effects of transactions reported in the financial statements and consist of deferred taxes related primarily to differences between the bases of certain assets and liabilities for financial and tax reporting. The deferred taxes represent the future tax return consequences of those differences, which will either be deductible or taxable when the assets and liabilities are recovered or settled.

 

 F-22 
 

 

Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code (“Section 382”), imposes limitations on a corporation’s ability to utilize its Net Operating Losses ( “NOLs”), if it experiences an “ownership change.” In general terms, an ownership change may result from transactions increasing the ownership percentage of certain stockholders in the stock of the corporation by more than 50% over a three-year period. In the event of an ownership change, utilization of the NOLs would be subject to an annual limitation under Section 382 determined by multiplying the value of the Company’s stock at the time of the ownership change by the applicable long-term tax-exempt rate. The Company has not completed a Section 382 study at this time; however, should a study be completed certain NOLs may be subject to such limitations. Any future annual limitation may result in the expiration of NOLs before utilization.

 

At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company had net operating losses of approximately $32,100,000 and $22,500,000, respectively, for U.S. federal and California income tax purposes available to offset future taxable income, expiring on various dates through 2037. Federal losses generated in 2018 and onward aggregating $22,000,000 do not expire. The Company has recorded a 100% valuation allowance on the deferred tax assets due to the uncertainty of its realization. The net change in the valuation allowance for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was an increase of $2,728,182 and $3,624,650, respectively.

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company’s income tax returns are subject to examination by various taxing authorities. Such examinations may result in future tax and interest assessment by these taxing authorities. Accordingly, the Company believes that it is more likely than not that it will realize the benefits of tax positions it has taken in its tax returns or for the amount of any tax benefit that exceeds the cumulative probability threshold in accordance with FASB ASC 740. Differences between the estimated and actual amounts determined upon ultimate resolution, individually or in the aggregate, are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the company’s financial position. The Company believes its tax positions are all highly certain of being upheld upon examination. As such, the Company has not recorded a liability for unrecognized tax benefits. The Company is no longer subject to the U.S. federal and state income tax examination to the extent the net operating losses are carried forward and impact a year that is open to examination by the authorities. The Company’s income tax returns for the years 2016-2018 are subject to examination.

 

NOTE 10: REVENUE RECOGNITION AND RESERVE FOR SALES RETURNS AND ALLOWANCES

 

The Company’s contracts with customers only include one performance obligation (i.e., sale of the Company’s products). Revenue is recognized in the gross amount at a point in time when delivery is completed and control of the promised goods is transferred to the customers. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods. The Company’s contracts do not involve financing elements as payment terms with customers are less than one year. Further, because revenue is recognized at the point in time goods are sold to customers, there are no contract asset or contract liability balances. The Company does not disclose remaining performance obligations related to contracts with durations of one year or less as allowed by the practical expedient applicable to such contracts.

 

The Company disaggregates its revenues by major geographic region. See Note 11, Concentrations, Geographic Data, and Sales by Major Customers, for further information.

 

The Company accounts for fees paid to Amazon for products sold through its Amazon Stores as operating expense.

 

The Company offers various discounts, pricing concessions, and other allowances to customers, all of which are considered in determining the transaction price. Certain discounts and allowances are fixed and determinable at the time of sale and are recorded at the time of sale as a reduction to revenue. Other discounts and allowances can vary and are determined at management’s discretion (variable consideration). Specifically, the Company occasionally grants discretionary credits to facilitate markdowns and sales of slow-moving merchandise, and consequently accrues an allowance based on historic credits and management estimates. Further, the Company allows sales returns, consequently records a sales return allowance based upon historic return amounts and management estimates. These allowances (variable consideration) are estimated using the expected value method and are recorded at the time of sale as a reduction to revenue. The Company adjusts its estimate of variable consideration at least quarterly or when facts and circumstances used in the estimation process may change. The variable consideration is not constrained as the Company has sufficient history on the related estimates and does not believe there is a risk of significant revenue reversal.

 

The Company also participates in cooperative advertising arrangements with some customers, whereby it allows a discount from invoiced product amounts in exchange for customer purchased advertising that features the Company’s products. Generally, these allowances range from 2% to 5% of gross sales and are generally based upon product purchases or specific advertising campaigns. Such allowances are accrued when the related revenue is recognized. These cooperative advertising arrangements provide a distinct benefit and fair value, and are accounted for as direct selling expenses.

 

Sales commissions are expensed when incurred as the related revenue is recognized at a point in time and therefore, the amortization period is less than one year. As a result, these costs are recorded as direct selling expenses, as incurred.

 

The Company has also elected to adopt the practical expedient related to shipping and handling fees which allows the Company to account for shipping and handling activities that occur after control of the related good transfers as fulfillment activities instead of assessing such activities as performance obligations. Therefore, shipping and handling activities are considered part of the Company’s obligation to transfer the products and therefore are recorded as direct selling expenses, as incurred

 

The Company’s reserve for sales returns and allowances amounted to $13,000 as of December 31, 2019, compared to $13,000 as of December 31, 2018.

 

NOTE 11: CONCENTRATIONS

 

Concentration of Purchase Order Financing

 

The Company used a third-party financing company for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which provided letters of credit to vendors for a fee against the purchase orders received by the Company for sale of products to its customers. The letters of credit were issued to the vendors to manufacture Company’s products pursuant to the purchase orders received by the Company (Note 3).

 

Concentration of Customers

 

The Company sold its products to four customers that accounted for approximately 69% and 74% of the total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The same four customers accounted for 78% and 69% of the total accounts receivable balance due to the Company at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

 F-23 
 

 

Concentration of Suppliers

 

The Company purchased products from four vendors for the years ended December 31, 2019 that accounted for approximately 76% of its total cost of goods sold.

 

The Company purchased products from four vendors for the year ended December 31, 2018 that accounted for approximately 78% of its total cost of goods sold.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

 

The Company maintains its cash in bank and financial institution deposits that at times may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts through December 31, 2019. The Company’s bank balances exceeded FDIC insured amounts at times during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. At December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company’s bank balance exceeded the FDIC insured amounts by $0 and $5,209,884, respectively.

 

Geographic Concentration

 

Geographical distribution of net revenue consisted of the following for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, as follows:

 

   For the Year Ended December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Australia   9%   11%
USA   66%   75%

Other

   

25

%   

14

%

 

NOTE 12: SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

The Company evaluated subsequent events through March __, 2020, the date of the filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K with the SEC, to ensure that this filing includes appropriate disclosure of events both recognized in the financial statements as of December 31, 2019, and events which occurred subsequent to December 31, 2019 but were not recognized in the financial statements. The Company has determined that there were no subsequent events which required recognition, adjustment to or disclosure in the financial statements, except for the following:

 

On February 24, 2020, ToughBuilt Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) closed on the public offering of 4.45 million shares of its common stock, for gross proceeds of $934,500 based upon the overallotment option arising from the closing of its January 28, 2020 public offering. In the January 28, 2020 public offering, the Company sold 43 million shares of its common stock and 47.45 million warrants (each exercisable into ½ of a share of common stock for a total of 23.725 million shares of common stock) from which it received gross proceeds of $9,030,000.

 

 F-24 
 

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

None.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures designed to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable and not absolute assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

 

Based on our management’s evaluation (with the participation of the individuals serving as our principal executive officer and principal financial officer) of our disclosure controls and procedures as required by Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, each of the individuals serving as our principal executive officer and principal financial officer has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of December 31, 2019, the end of the period covered by this report.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act). Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the individuals serving as our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013 Framework). Based on this assessment, our management concluded that, as of December 31, 2019, our internal control over financial reporting was effective based on those criteria.

 

Attestation Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of our independent registered public accounting firm due to the deferral allowed under the JOBS Act for emerging growth companies.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance.

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

The names, positions and ages of our directors and executive officers as of the date of this proxy statement are as follows:

 

Name   Age   Position
Michael Panosian   56   President, CEO and Director
Joshua Keeler   40   Vice-President - Research & Development and Director
Zareh Khachatoorian   60   COO and Secretary
Jolie Kahn   55   Acting Chief Financial Officer

 

Directors serve until the next annual meeting and until their successors are elected and qualified. Officers are appointed to serve for one year until the meeting of the Board of Directors following the annual meeting of stockholders and until their successors have been elected and qualified.

 

 23 
 

 

Michael Panosian, Co-Founder, President, CEO and Director

 

Mr. Panosian co-founded our Company in 2012 and has been our CEO, President and director since inception. In 2008, Mr. Panosian co-founded Pandun, Inc., a manufacturer and distributor of tools and tool accessories in Asia, and served as its CEO until 2012. Mr. Panosian has over 16 years of extensive experience in innovation, design direction, product development, brand management, marketing, merchandising, sales, supply chain and commercialization experience in the hardware industry. He has launched several product projects spanning several fields. Mr. Panosian has deep knowledge of doing business in China where he managed a team of over 350 engineers, industrial designers and marketing professionals while stationed in Suzhou with his team for 4 years. Mr. Panosian is a graduate of Northrop University in Aerospace engineering with numerous specializations; he holds numerous patents and trademarks that are shared with some of his colleagues at our Company and other development teams. Mr. Panosian has been deemed to be suitable as a director due to his intimate knowledge of the Company since inception and his business and engineering expertise.

 

Joshua Keeler, Co-Founder, Vice-President Research & Development and Director

 

As the Vice-President Research & Development at our Company, Mr. Keeler is responsible for all product development. Mr. Keeler co-founded our Company in 2012 and works directly with Mr. Panosian in bringing innovative ideas to market. Mr. Keeler is a graduate of Art Center College of Design with a BS in Industrial Design. Mr. Keeler has over 12 years of product development experience, working on projects spanning several fields, including: automotive, personal electronics, sporting goods and a wide expanse of tools. From 1999 to 2000 he was co-owner and vice-president of Oracle Industrial Design, Co., a private company specializing in industrial design and product development. From August 2000 to April 2004, Mr. Keeler worked for Positec Power Tool Co., a private company in Suzhou, China, designing and creating a large innovation library of numerous power tool concepts. From August 2005 to April 2008, Mr. Keeler was the chief designer for Harbinger International, Inc. From August 2008 to April 2012, he was chief designer for Pandun Inc, specializing in innovative tools and supporting products. He has lived in China and has extensive experience working directly with manufacturers to get designs into production. Mr. Keeler became a Director at our 2019 Annual Meeting, and is deemed suitable as a director by our board of directors (the “Board”) due to his depth of R&D knowledge in the industry.

 

Zareh Khachatoorian, Chief Operating Officer and Secretary

 

Mr. Khachatoorian has over 30 years of experience in the realms of corporate purchasing, product development, merchandising and operations. Prior to joining ToughBuilt in January 2016, Mr. Khachatoorian was the President of Mount Holyoke Inc. in Northridge California, starting in May 2014. Mr. Khachatoorian led Mount Holyoke Inc. in the servicing of its entire import and distribution operations. From August 2008 to April 2014, Mr. Khachatoorian served as the Vice President of Operations at Allied International (“Allied”) in Sylmar, California. At Allied, Mr. Khachatoorian was responsible for the management of overseas and domestic office employees and departments involved in the areas of procurement and purchasing, inventory management, product development, engineering, control and quality assurance, and other related areas. Mr. Khachatoorian holds a Bachelor of Scien