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EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION - China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc.clad_ex3201.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER - China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc.clad_ex3102.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER - China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc.clad_ex3101.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the annual period ended December 31, 2015

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT

For the transition period from ___________ to _____________

 

 

CHINA LIAONING DINGXU ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT, INC.

(Exact name of small business issuer as specified in its charter)

 

Commission File No. 333-170480

 

   
Nevada 80-0638212
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

224 Datura St.

West Palm Beach, FL 33401

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

561-570-4301

(Issuer’s telephone number)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☑

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes ☑ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☐ No ☑ *

 

* The registrant is a voluntary filer of reports required to be filed by certain companies under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and has filed all reports that would have been required to have been filed by the registrant during the preceding 12 months had it been subject to such filing requirements during the entirety of such period.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☐ No ☑

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. . See the definitions of “large accelerated filer, “accelerated filer,” “non-accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ☐  Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer  ☐  Smaller reporting company  ☑ 
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☑

 

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates computed based on the closing sales price of such stock on December 31, 2018 was $_____________.

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, as of December 09, 2015, was 13,845,233 shares.

 

 
 

 

FORM 10-K

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
     
FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS  
     
PART I    
     
Item 1. Business. 3
Item 1A. Risk Factors. 5
Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments. 5
Item 2.     Properties. 6
Item 3.     Legal Proceedings. 6
Item 4.      Mine safety disclosures. 6
     
PART II    
     
Item 5.      Market for Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Small Business Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities. 7
Item 6.      Selected Financial Data. 7
Item 7.      Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. 8
Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 11
Item 8.      Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. 11
Item 9.      Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure. 11
Item 9A.   Controls and Procedures. 12
Item 9B.   Other Information. 13
     
PART III    
     
Item 10.    Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance. 14
Item 11.    Executive Compensation. 15
Item 12.    Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters. 16
Item 13.    Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, Director Independence. 16
Item 14.    Principal Accountant Fees and Services. 16
Item 15.    Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules. 16
Signature   17
Annex: Financial Statements  

 

 

 

 

 1 
 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

Various statements contained in this report constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and are indicated by words or phrases such as “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seek,” “plan,” “intend” or “anticipate” or the negative thereof or comparable terminology, or by discussion of strategy. Forward-looking statements represent as of the date of this report our judgment relating to, among other things, future results of operations, growth plans, sales, capital requirements and general industry and business conditions applicable to us. Such forward-looking statements are based largely on our current expectations and are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those that are anticipated or projected as a result of certain risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, a number of factors, such as: changes in economic conditions, legislative/regulatory changes, availability of capital, interest rates, competition, and generally accepted accounting principles and the other risks and uncertainties that are set forth in Item 1, “Business” and Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

 

These factors are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any of our forward-looking statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors could also have material adverse effects on future results. Except as otherwise required to be disclosed in periodic reports required to be filed by public companies with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) pursuant to the SEC's rules, we have no duty to update these statements, and we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. In light of these risks and uncertainties, we cannot assure you that the forward-looking information contained in this report will in fact transpire.

 

As used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, unless the context requires or is otherwise indicated, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Registrant,” the “Company,” “our company” and similar expressions include the following entities (as defined below):

 

(i) China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc. (“CLAD”), formerly known as Hazlo! Technologies, Inc., a Nevada corporation;

 

(ii) China Liaoning DingXu Ecological Agriculture Development Co, Ltd., a BVI company (“DingXu BVI”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of CLAD;

 

(iii) Panjin Hengrun Biological Technology Development Co., Ltd. 盘锦恒润生物技术开发有限公司, a limited liability company organized under the laws of the People’s Republic of China and a ninety-nine percent owned subsidiary of DingXu BVI (“Panjin Hengrun”);

 

(iv) Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development Co., Ltd.宁鼎旭生态农业发展有限公司, a limited liability company organized under the laws of the People’s Republic of China and an affiliated entity of Panjin Hengrun through contractual arrangements (“Liaoning Dingxu”). 

 

“China” or “PRC” refers to the People’s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan.  

 

“RMB” or “Renminbi” refers to the legal currency of China and “$” or “U.S. Dollars” refers to the legal currency of the United States. We make no representation that the RMB or U.S. Dollar amounts referred to in this report could have been or could be converted into U.S. Dollars or RMB, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.  

 

“GAAP” unless otherwise indicated refers to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

 

 

 

 

 2 
 

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

History

 

We were incorporated under the name “Hazlo! Technologies, Inc.” on August 19, 2010 in the State of Nevada. Our initial business plan was to modify and translate software and web applications originally written in English into Spanish and to focus on the needs of the Arizona business community to better serve the Spanish-speaking population.  We did not generate any revenue from said IT services and data translation services.

 

On December 12, 2011, we entered a Share Exchange Agreement with DingXu BVI’s sole shareholder (Chin Yung Kong) under which we issue 3,000,000 shares of common stock to Chin Yung Kong to acquire 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of DingXu BVI (the “Share Exchange”). Upon closing of the Share Exchange, DingXu BVI became the wholly owned subsidiary of CLAD.

 

China Liaoning DingXu Ecological Agriculture Development Co, Ltd., a BVI company (the “DingXu BVI”) was incorporated under the laws of British Virgin Islands on April 15, 2011. Chin Yung Kong was the sole shareholder and director of DingXu BVI.

 

On July 5, 2011, DingXu BVI formed Panjin Hengrun Biological Technology Development Co., Ltd. 盘锦恒润生物技术开发有限公司, a limited liability company organized under the laws of the PRC (“Panjin Hengrun”). DingXu BVI owns 99% of the total ownership of Panjing Hengrun.

 

On November 28, 2011, Panjin Hengrun entered into a set of contractual arrangements with Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development Co., Ltd.辽宁鼎旭生态农业发展有限公司, a limited liability company organized under the laws of the PRC and an affiliated entity of Panjin Hengrun through contractual arrangements (“Liaoning Dingxu”). The contractual arrangements are comprised of a series of agreements, including a Consulting Service Agreement and an Operating Agreement, through which Panjin Hengrun has the right to advise, consult, manage and operate Liaoning Dingxu to collect and own all of Liaoning Dingxu’s net profits and net losses. Additionally, under a Proxy Agreement, the shareholders of Liaoning Dingxu have vested their voting control over Liaoning Dingxu to Panjin Hengrun. In order to further reinforce Panjin Hengrun’s rights to control and operate Liaoning Dingxu, Liaoning Dingxu and its shareholders have granted Panjin Hengrun, under an Option Agreement, the exclusive right and option to acquire all of their equity interests in Liaoning Dingxu, or, alternatively, all of the assets of Liaoning Dingxu. Further, the shareholders of Liaoning Dingxu agreed to pledge all of their rights, titles and interests in Liaoning Dingxu under an Equity Pledge Agreement.

 

Upon entry of these contractual arrangements, Liaoning Dingxu became the Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) of Panjin Hengrun pursuant to ASC-810-10-05 and Panjin Hengrun was able to carry out business operations through Liaoning Dingxu.

 

Liaoning Dingxu was formed as a limited liability company organized under the laws of the PRC on August 6, 2009. It mainly engages in the business of growing mushrooms and marketing, producing and selling mushrooms and related agricultural products.

 

Since the completion of the Share Exchange, our business operations have been carried out through Panjin Hengrun and its affiliated operating entity Liaoning Dingxu. On December 12, 2011, we ceased the business of development stage IT services and data translation services and started to engage in the business of growing mushrooms and marketing, producing and selling mushrooms and related agricultural products through Liaoning Dingxu.

 

 

 

 

 3 
 

 

Business Overview

 

We mainly engage in the business of growing mushrooms and marketing, producing and selling mushrooms and related agricultural products through our affiliated VIE Liaoning Dingxu.

 

Main Products

 

We mainly produced and sold three types of products:

 

(1) Fresh mushrooms. We grow fresh mushrooms in our greenhouses and sell them to stores that sell products directly to individual customers. Our fresh mushrooms include oyster mushrooms, king oyster mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, king trumpet mushrooms and button mushrooms.

(2) Mushroom seeds. We sell mushroom seeds to farmers in the form of stick shaped containers filled with fertilizers on which the mushrooms grow and bottles of mushroom seeds which are also used to grow mushrooms.

(3) Dried Mushrooms. We dry and package fresh mushrooms and sell them to stores that sell products directly to individual customers. Our dried mushrooms include eryngii mushrooms, white mushrooms, jade mushrooms, white king oyster mushrooms and ganoderma.

Seasonality

Our market is not seasonal due to the fact that our mushrooms are grown in the green house and therefore are not affected by season changes. We do, however, need to store our fresh mushrooms, mushroom sticks and spawns in a low temperature environment, which creates extra costs in the spring and summer months.

 

Market Overview

 

We sell all of our products in Liaoning Province China.

Sales and Marketing

 

We conduct direct sales and marketing through our own sales team to stores that sell products directly to individual customers. We have not used agencies and brokers to sell our products.

Raw Materials and Source of Raw Materials

 

The raw materials we use for growing our products include sawdust, straw, bran and chicken manure. We collect materials from local farmers and do not have any supply contracts with any farmers.

 4 
 

 

Our Competitors

There are many mushroom producers and sellers in China and we only have a very small percentage of the total market in China. On a daily basis, we produce approximately 25,000 kg of fresh mushrooms, 10,000 mushroom sticks and 10,000 bottles of mushroom seed. Our daily production is approximately 33% of our daily production capacity. We believe that Xinghe Biological Inc. located at Dongguan, Guangdong, has approximately 60 tons daily production capability and has approximately 8% of the market share in South China markets and Gaorong Company, located in Shanghai, China, has approximately 100 tons daily production capability and has approximately 10% of the market share in South China markets.

 

Our Plan of Growth

 

(1)   

Expand our farms. We plan to obtain land use rights to more farmland to expand our mushroom farms and increase the production of our fresh mushrooms.

 

(2)    Start the production of processed mushroom products. We have purchased, installed and tested equipment to be used in the production of mushroom products, such as canned mushrooms and mushroom drinks. Our production of mushrooms is not sufficient to begin production of such products. We intend to begin production as soon as we can purchase additional mushrooms and hire additional employees.

 

Intellectual Properties

 

We currently have following trademarks registered in China:

 

Trademarks “Dingxu” register number: 8041916;

“Senlinwa” register application number: ZC9880644SL;

“Jindingji” register application number: ZC9880597SL; “Xianzhigu” register application number: ZC9880734SL.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2014, we had 58 employees, all of whom were full-time.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Not Applicable for Smaller Reporting Company.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

Not Applicable for Smaller Reporting Company.

 

 

 

 5 
 

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

LAND USE RIGHTS

 

The Company has a land use right to 24,806 square meters of land. The term of the land use right is 50 years, starting in March 2011. The land use right purchase price of $579,580 was fully paid during 2011.

 

The Company has a land use right to 56,139 square meters of land. The term of the land use right is 46 years, starting in March 2011. The land use right purchase price of $2,698,027 was fully paid for during 2011.

 

The Company has a land use right to 428,214 square meters of land. The term of the land use right is 18 years, starting in January 2012.

 

Under the 1982 Constitution, urban land in China is owned by the State and collectives own the rural land. Since the local and central governments administer the rural collectives, it can be construed that all land ownership is under control of the State. However, the Constitution's Amendment Act of 1988 to Article 10 adopted on April 12, 1988, states that a land use right may be transferred in accordance to law. Based on this statement, a land use right becomes divisible from land ownership, thus making land use right likely to be privatized. Individuals, including foreigners can hold long-term leases for land use. They can also own buildings, apartments, and other structures on land, as well as own personal property.

 

Real estate transfers in China take place in the form of transfer of right to use land. To obtain land-use rights, the land user must sign a land-grant contract with the local land authority and pay a land-grant fee up front. The grantee will enjoy a fixed land-grant term and must use the land for the purpose specified in the land-grant contract. Depending on the type and purposes of land use, the maximum term of a land grant ranges from 40 years for commercial usage, 50 years for industrial purpose, to 70 years for residential use.

 

The application of “Land Usage Right” on any leased land must be submitted to and approved by many authorities of the local and central government supported by a minimum of 80% of the signatories of its original land leasers who had leased the land from the government before they transfer the land to the new leasers.

 

LONG TERM PREPAID LEASE

 

Leases where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of assets remain with the lessor are accounted for as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases net of any incentives received from the lessor are charged to the consolidated statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the terms of the underlying lease.

 

The Company records lease payments at cost less accumulated rent. The Company entered into a long term agreement with certain unrelated parties to rent land in 2010. The lease payments are recorded as operating lease expenses using the straight line method during the contract period of 20 years beginning at January 1, 2010.

 

The Company entered into a long term agreement with certain unrelated parties to rent land in 2013. The lease payments are recorded as operating lease expense using the straight line method during the contract period of 17 years beginning at December 25, 2013.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are not a party to any legal proceedings that we believe will have a material adverse effect upon the conduct of our business or our financial position.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

 

 

 6 
 

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY, RELATED SHAREHOLDER MATTERS AND SMALL BUSINESS ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

 

Our common stock is currently listed on the OTC Bulletin Board (“OTCBB”) under the symbol “CLAD.”

 

Our transfer agent is Island Stock Transfer, 15500 Roosevelt Boulevard, Suite 301 Clearwater, Florida 33760, Office phone: 727-289-0010.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We did not pay any cash dividends on our common stock in the years ended December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2015. We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to retain future earnings, if any, to finance operations and the expansion of our business.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

None.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

The Company has no equity compensation plan in place.

 

ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

 

Not Applicable for Smaller Reporting Company.

 

 

 7 
 

 

ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS. 

 

OVERVIEW

 

We mainly engage in the business of growing mushrooms and marketing, producing and selling mushrooms and related agricultural products through our affiliated VIE Liaoning Dingxu.

 

We mainly produce and sell three types of products:

 

(1) Fresh mushrooms. We grow fresh mushrooms in our greenhouses and sell them to stores that sell products directly to individual customers. Our fresh mushrooms include oyster mushrooms, king oyster mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, king trumpet mushrooms and button mushrooms.

(2) Mushroom seeds. We sell mushroom seeds to farmers in the form of stick shaped containers filled with fertilizers on which the mushrooms grow and bottles of mushroom seeds which are also used to grow mushrooms.

(3) Dried Mushrooms. We dry and package fresh mushrooms and sell them to stores that sell products directly to individual customers. Our dried mushrooms include eryngii mushrooms, white mushrooms, jade mushrooms, white king oyster mushrooms and ganoderma.

We marketed and sold dried mushrooms through cooperation with wholesalers, local supermarkets, and specialty stores.

Significant Accounting Policies

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary in order to make the financial statements not misleading have been included. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market value. Cost is determined using moving weighted average method. Inventories consist of raw materials, finished goods and growing crops. Cost of finished goods comprises direct material and direct production cost based on normal operating capacity.

 

 

 

 8 
 

 

Property, Plant and Equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment. Depreciation on property, plant and equipment is calculated on the straight-line method after taking into account their respective estimated residual values over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:

 

Building   20 years 
Plant equipment   5-10 years 
Office equipment   3-5 years 
Vehicles   4  years 

 

Maintenance and repair costs are expensed as incurred, whereas significant renewals and betterments are capitalized.

 

Construction in progress represents capital assets under construction or being installed and is stated at cost. Cost comprises original cost of plant and equipment, installation, construction and other direct costs prior to the date of reaching the expected usable condition. Construction in progress is transferred to the property, plant and equipment and depreciation commences when the asset has been substantially completed and reaches the expected usable condition.

 

Land Use Rights

 

The Company states land use right at cost less accumulated amortization. The land use right is amortized on straight line method during the contract period.

 

Long Term Prepaid Lease

 

Leases where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of assets remain with the lessor are accounted for as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases net of any incentives received from the lessor are charged to the consolidated statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the terms of the underlying lease.

 

The Company records lease payments at cost less accumulated rent.

 

Investments

 

The Company analyzes equity investments in privately held companies to determine if it should be accounted for under the cost or equity method of accounting based on such factors as the percentage ownership of the voting stock outstanding and our ability to exert significant influence over these companies. For the cost method investments, the Company determines at each reporting period whether a decline in fair value has occurred and whether such decline is considered to be an other-than-temporary impairment. If a decline in fair value is determined to be other-than-temporary, the Company would recognize an impairment to reduce the investment to the lower of cost or fair value.

 

Investments are considered impaired when a decline in fair value is judged to be other-than-temporary. The Company considers available quantitative and qualitative evidence in evaluating potential impairment of its investments. If the cost of an individual investment exceeds its fair value, the Company evaluates, among other factors, general market conditions, the duration and extent to which the fair value is less than cost, and its intent and ability to hold the investment. Once a decline in fair value is determined to be other-than-temporary, an impairment charge is recorded and a new cost basis in the investment is established.

 

 

 

 

 9 
 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company engages in the business of growing, producing, marketing and selling fresh mushrooms, dried mushrooms, and mushroom seeds through its affiliated VIE, LiaoNing DingXu.

 

The Company’s products are mainly sold to secondary wholesalers of local wholesale markets. Sales revenue is recognized at the date of shipment from the Company’s facilities to customers when a formal arrangement exists, the price is fixed or determinable, the delivery is completed, ownership has passed, no other significant obligations of the Company exist and collectability is reasonably assured.

 

The Company’s revenue consists of the invoiced value of goods, net of value-added tax (“VAT”).

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Under FASB ASC 820-10-05, the Financial Accounting Standards Board establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This Statement reaffirms that fair value is the relevant measurement attribute. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements as reflected herein. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts payable and accrued expenses reported on the balance sheet are estimated by management to approximate fair value primarily due to the short term nature of the instruments. The Company had no other items that required fair value measurement on a recurring basis.

 

Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share

 

The basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss adjusted on an “as if converted” basis, by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus potential dilutive securities. For the periods presented, there were no outstanding potential common stock equivalents and therefore basic and diluted earnings per share result in the same figure.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company adopted FASB guidance on stock based compensation upon inception on September 9, 2010. Under FASB ASC 718-10-30-2, all share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, to be recognized in the income statement based on their fair values. Pro forma disclosure is no longer an alternative. The Company did not issue any share-based payments for services or compensation to employees, or otherwise for the periods presented.

 

Taxation

 

Taxation on profits earned in the PRC has been calculated on the estimated assessable profits for the year at the rates of taxation prevailing in the PRC where the Company operates after taking into account the benefits from any special tax credits or “tax holidays” allowed in the county of operations.

 

The Company does not accrue United States income tax since it has no operating income in the United States. The operating subsidiary is organized and located in the PRC and does not conduct any business in the United States.

 

Enterprise income tax

 

In accordance with the relevant tax laws in the PRC, as an agriculture growing enterprise, the operating subsidiary is exempted from enterprise income tax from 2010 to 2015. Accordingly, the Company statutory rate was 0% and 0% for the year ended December 31, 2014 and 2015, respectively.

 

 

 

 10 
 

 

Value added tax

 

The Provisional Regulations of The PRC concerning Value Added Tax promulgated by the State Council came into effect on January 1, 1994. Under these regulations and the Implementing Rules of the Provisional Regulations of the PRC Concerning Value Added Tax, value added tax is imposed on goods sold in or imported into the PRC and on processing, repair and replacement services provided within the PRC.

 

In accordance with the relevant tax laws in the PRC, as an agriculture growing enterprise, the Company is exempted from VAT from 2010 to 2017.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The reporting currency of the Company is the U.S. dollar. The functional currency of the parent company is the U.S. dollar and the functional currency of the Company’s operating subsidiaries and variable interest entities is the RMB. For the subsidiaries and variable interest entities whose functional currencies are the RMB, results of operations and cash flows are translated at average exchange rates during the period, assets and liabilities are translated at the unified exchange rate at the end of the period, and equity is translated at historical exchange rates. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating the local currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included in determining comprehensive income. Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred. All of the Company’s revenue transactions are transacted in the functional currency. The Company does not enter any material transaction in foreign currencies and accordingly, transaction gains or losses have not had, and are not expected to have, a material effect on the results of operations of the Company. In accordance with ASC Topic 230, cash flows from the Company’s operations are calculated based upon the local currencies using the average translation rate. As a result, amounts related to assets and liabilities reported on the statement of cash flows will not necessarily agree with changes in the corresponding balances on the balance sheets.

 

Accumulated and Other Comprehensive Income

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income represents the change in equity of the Company during the periods presented from foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.

 

See the financial statements annexed to this annual report immediately after the signature page of this Form 10-K.

 

ITEM 9.  CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.

 

None

 

 

 

 11 
 

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure material information required to be disclosed in our reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required financial disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, we recognized that a control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected.

 

As of the end of the period covered by this report, we conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)). Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective at the reasonable assurance level as of December 31, 2015 in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified under the Exchange Act rules and forms due to the material weakness described below. As a result, we performed additional analysis and other post-closing procedures to ensure our consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, management believes the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K fairly present, in all material respects, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as such term is identified in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f). Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer, and effected by the Board of Directors, management, and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Our control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:

 

pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect our transactions and dispositions of our assets;

 

provide reasonable assurance that our transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of our financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and that our receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and our directors; and

 

provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.

 

Internal control over financial reporting has inherent limitations which may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or because the level of compliance with related policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

As a result, we performed additional analysis and other post-closing procedures to ensure our consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Accordingly, management believes the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-K fairly present, in all material respects, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. This annual report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

 

 12 
 

 

Remediation of Material Weakness

 

The Company intends to establish the following remediation efforts:

 

(1)Commence a process and procedure to locate, and nominate for election to the Company’s board of directors, independent directors, including at least one individual qualified to be an audit committee financial expert;

 

(2)At such time as independent directors are elected to the Company’s board of directors, establish an independent audit committee;

 

(3)Commence a process and procedure to locate and hire qualified individuals to act as Chief Financial Officer and/or Chief Accounting Officer; and

 

(4)Under the supervision of the Audit Committee and with the assistance of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer procure the resources, appoint additional personnel and establish the procedures necessary to produce Internal Controls over Financial Reporting that will be effective as evaluated under the framework in “Internal Control – Integrated Framework” promulgated in 2015 by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

 

Conclusion

 

We believe the measures described above will remediate the material weaknesses we have identified and will continue to strengthen our internal controls over financial reporting. We are committed to continually improving our internal control processes and will diligently and vigorously review our financial reporting controls and procedures. As we continue to evaluate and work to improve our internal controls over financial reporting, we may determine that additional measures are necessary to address control deficiencies. Moreover, we may decide to modify certain of the remediation measures described above.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fourth quarter of 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

Not applicable.

 

 

 13 
 

 

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Daniel Sobolewski is versatile in financial services. Using his longtime experience in finance, sales, and his corporate development skills, that are backed by his large pool of business contact, it did not take long for him to make a success in multiple corporate transaction, and past endeavors. Mr. Sobolewski is supported by multiple experienced CPAs that work in both Private and Public sectors. He also sustains multiple ongoing successful relationships with consultants with expertise in Public Companies, Equity Financing and Investment Banking. Mr. Sobolewski has been a successful entrepreneur since the young age of twenty-one, and has held multiple Executive Positions over the years. Mr. Sobolewski specializes in Interim Management coupled with his expertise of Corporate Development to uniquely assist both Private and Public trading companies.

 

Daniel Sobolewski is Forty-One years of age, and is a Father of his two children. Mr. Sobolewski is currently a resident in the Orlando, FL. area, and spends a lot of his time working in West Palm Beach, FL.

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

To the knowledge of the Company, no executive officer or director has been involved in the last five years in any of the following:

 

(1) any bankruptcy petition filed by or against any business or property of such person, or of which such person was a general partner or executive officer either at the time of the bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time;

 

(2) any conviction in a criminal proceeding or being subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);

 

(3) being subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities;

 

(4) being found by a court of competent jurisdiction (in a civil action), the SEC or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;

 

(5) being the subject of or a party to any judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated relating to an alleged violation of any federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation, or any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies, including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order, or any law or regulation prohibiting mail, fraud, wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or

 

(6) being the subject of or a party to any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Exchange Act, any registered entity (as defined in Section 1(a)(29) of the Commodity Exchange Act), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

 

Term of Office

 

All directors have a term of office expiring at the next annual general meeting of the Company, unless reelected or earlier vacated in accordance with our bylaws. All officers have a term of office lasting until their removal or replacement by the board of directors.

 

 

 

 14 
 

 

Board Committees

 

We have not yet implemented any board committees.

 

Audit Committee

 

We do not have a standing audit committee, an audit committee financial expert, or any committee or person performing a similar function. Although we currently have limited working capital and no revenues the Company is reviewing whether it would be in our best interests at this time to retain independent directors to sit on an audit committee. The Company is currently reviewing the processes and procedures required to retain qualified independent directors to sit on an audit committee and other committees of the Company’s board of directors.

 

Compliance with Section 16(A) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

In the year ended December 31, 2015, none of our officers, directors or 10 percent or greater shareholders have been required to file the reports required under Section 16(a).

 

Indemnification of Directors and Officers 

 

Our bylaws provide that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by the Nevada corporation laws. There is no pending litigation or proceeding naming any of our directors or officers to which indemnification is being sought, and we are not aware of any pending or threatened litigation that may result in claims for indemnification by any director or officer.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE AND DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

 

Since inception, we have paid no cash or non-cash compensation (including stock options or awards, perquisites, or deferred compensation plans), to our officers or directors.

 

Employment Agreement

 

There are currently no employment agreements or other contracts or arrangements with our Officer or Director. There are no compensation plans or arrangements, including payments to be made by us, with respect to our Officer, Director or Consultants that would result from the resignation, retirement or any other termination of any of our Director, officer or consultants. Most business activities to date have been undertaken by our Chief Executive Officer and other individual retained as independent contractors.

 

 

 

 15 
 

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End 

 

None in the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Stock Option and Awards Plan

 

None in the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

Director Compensation

  

None in the year ended December 31, 2015.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER

 

The following table sets forth certain information concerning the number of shares of Company common stock owned beneficially by: each person known or believed by us to own, directly or beneficially, more than 5% of our common stock, each of our directors, each of our officers and all of our officers and directors as a group.

  

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Policy for Approval of Related Party Transactions

 

We do not currently have a formal related party approval policy for review and approval of transactions required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.  

 

Director Independence

 

We do not have any independent Director as defined by a national securities exchange.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 15.    Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

Financial Statements

 

The financial statements are attached immediately after the signature page of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Exhibit

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

    
31.1  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2  Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 

 

 

 16 
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  China Liaoning DingXu Ecological Agriculture DevelopmenT, INC.
   
  By: /s/ Daniel Sobolewski
    Daniel Sobolewski
Interim Chief Executive Officer

 

Date:  January 10, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 17 
 

 

China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc.

Balance Sheet

As at December 31, 2015 (Unaudited)

                   

 

     As at
December 31, 2015
 
  Notes  (Unaudited) 
     ($) 
ASSETS       
Current Assets       
Cash and cash equivalents / (overdraft) 4   (1,345,794)
Inventory 5   131,405 
Other current assets 6   90,581 
        
Total Current Assets     (1,123,807)
        
Land use right 7   4,982,463 
Property, plant and equipment, net 8   11,873,653 
Prepaid lease for land 9   1,521,640 
        
Total Assets     17,253,949 
        
EQUITY & LIABILITIES       
        
Current Liabilities       
Accounts payables 10   104,639 
Accrued expense 11   16,172 
Due to related parties 12   475,142 
        
Total Current Liabilities     595,953 
        
Long term payable 13   1,527,265 
        
Total Liabilities     2,123,218 
        
SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY       
        
Common stock ($0.001 par value; 75,000,000 shares authorized; par value US$0.01;     13,845 
Additional paid in capital     21,351,738 
Accumulated deficit     (5,698,667)
Accumulated other comprehensive income     (686,806)
Non-controlling interests     150,622 
        
Total Stockholders’ Equity     15,130,731 
        
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity     17,253,949 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 

 18 
 

 

China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc.

Statement of Profit and loss

For the year ended December 31, 2015

                 

 

   For the year ended December 31, 2015 
     
   (Amount in $) 
      
Net revenue   107,813 
Cost of revenue   (167,976)
Gross profit   (60,163)
      
Operating expenses     
Depreciation and amortization   (178,399)
Bad debts    
General and administrative   (659,911)
      
Income / (Loss) from operations   (898,473)
      
Other Income / (expense)     
Interest expense   (640,401)
Other income / (expense)   (47,061)
      
Income / (loss) before provision for tax   (1,585,935)
      
Provision for income tax    
      
Net income / (loss) before non-controlling interest   (1,585,935)
      
Less: net income / (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest   (3,293)
      
Net income / (loss)   (1,582,642)
      
Other Comprehensive income / (loss):     
      
Unrealized foreign currency translation gain (loss)   (734,939)
Less: net income / (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest   (3,353)
      
Total Comprehensive income / (loss)   (2,314,229)

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 

 

 19 
 

 

China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc.

Statement of Shareholders' Equity

As at December 31, 2015 (Unaudited)

                         

 

 

   Common Stock   Additional Paid in   Accumulated Profit/   Accumulated Other Comprehensive   Non-controlling   Total Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Par   capital   (Deficit)   Income   Interests   Equity 
   Amount is $ 
As at September 30, 2015 (Unaudited)   13,845,233    13,845    21,351,738    (4,116,025)   48,133    157,267    17,454,958 
                                    
Profit / (loss) for the period                  (1,582,642)             (1,582,642)
                                    
Other comprehensive income / (loss)                       (734,939)        (734,939)
                                    
Share of Non-controlling interest                            (6,645)   (6,645)
                                    
As at December 31, 2015 (Unaudited)   13,845,233    13,845    21,351,738    (5,698,667)   (686,806)   150,622    15,130,731 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 

 

 

 20 
 

 

China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc.

Statement of cashflows

As at December 31, 2015 (Unaudited)

 

   2015 
Cash flow from operating activities     
      
(Loss) / profit before income tax   (1,585,935)
      
Adjustments to reconcile income to cash provided by operating activities:     
      
Bad debt    
Depreciation and amortization   178,399 
Amortization of prepaid lease   47,061 
      
    (1,360,476)
Changes in working capital     
      
Decrease / (increase) in other receivables    
Decrease / (increase) in inventory   (6,257)
Decrease / (increase) in other current assets   (4,313)
Decrease / (increase) in accounts payable   3,048 
(Decrease) / increase in Other payables and accrued expenses   317 
    (7,206)
      
Net cash flow from operating activities   (1,367,682)
      
Cash flow from investing activities     
      
Loan to related parties    
Cash paid for long term investment    
Additions in property, plant and equipment    
      
Cash flow from / (used) in investing activities    
      
Cash flow from financing activities     
      
Proceeds from related parties    
      
Cash flow from financing activities    
      
Increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (1,367,682)
      
Effect of foreign exchange translation   (738,292)
      
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period   760,179 
      
Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year   (1,345,794)

 

 

See accompanying notes to financial statements.

 

 

 21 
 

 

China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development, Inc.

Notes to the Financial Statements

For the year ended December 31, 2015

 

1. LEGAL STATUS AND OPERATIONS

 

China Liaoning Dingxu Ecological Agriculture Development Inc. (the "Company") was incorporated under the laws of State of Nevada on August 19, 2010. On December 12, 2011, the Company entered a Share Exchange Agreement with DingXu BVI Shareholder (Chin Yung Kong) under which the Company issued 60,000,000 shares of common stock to Chin Yung Kong to acquire 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of DingXu BVI.

 

China Liaoning DingXu Ecological Agriculture Development Co, Ltd ., a BVI company (“DingXu BVI”) was incorporated under the laws of British Virgin Islands on April 15, 2011. Chin Yung Kong was the sole shareholder and director of DingXu BVI.

 

The Company is primarily engaged in the growing, marketing, producing and selling of agriculture products in People’s Republic of China (“PRC”).

 

2. BASIS OF PREPARATION

 

2.1 Statement of compliance

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on a going concern.

 

2.2 Accounting Convention

 

These financial statements have been prepared on the basis of 'historical cost convention using accrual basis of accounting except as otherwise stated in the respective accounting policies notes.

 

Going concern

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared on the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company historically has experienced significant losses and negative cash flows from operations. Further, the Company does not have a revolving credit facility with any financial institution. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on raising additional capital, negotiating adequate financing arrangements and on achieving sufficiently profitable operations. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

2.3 Critical accounting estimates and judgements

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the approved accounting standards require management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenses. The estimates and associated assumptions are based on historical experience and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis of making the judgments about carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

 

 

 

 22 
 

 

The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimates are revised if the revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods.

 

The areas involving higher degree of judgment and complexity, or areas where assumptions and estimates made by the management are significant to the financial statements are as follows:

 

i) Equipment - estimated useful life of property, plant and equipment (note - 3.8)

ii) Provision for doubtful debts (note - 3.4)

iii) Provision for income tax (note - 3.1)

 

3 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

3.1 Income tax

 

The tax expense for the year comprises of income tax, and is recognized in the statement of earnings. The income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation and establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

 

Deferred income tax is accounted for using the balance sheet liability method in respect of all temporary differences arising from differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. Deferred income tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences and deferred income tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which the deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses can be utilized. Deferred income tax is calculated at the rates that are expected to apply to the period when the differences are expected to be reversed.

 

3.2 Trade and other payables

 

Liabilities for trade and other amounts payable are carried at cost, which is the fair value of the consideration to be paid in future for goods and services received, whether or not billed to the Company.

 

3.3 Provisions

 

A provision is recognized in the financial statements when the Company has a legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of obligation.

 

3.4 Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are non-interest bearing obligations due under normal course of business. The management reviews accounts receivable on a monthly basis to determine if any receivables will be potentially uncollectible. Historical bad debts and current economic trends are used in evaluating the allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company includes any accounts receivable balances that are determined to be uncollectible in its overall allowance for doubtful accounts. After all attempts to collect a receivable have failed, the receivable is written off against the allowance. Based on the information available, the Company believes its allowance for doubtful accounts as of period ended is adequate.

 

 

 

 23 
 

 

3.5 Contingent liabilities

 

A contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation as a result of past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence, of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company; or when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation, that arises from past events, but it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, or the amount of the obligation cannot be measured with sufficient reliability.

 

3.6 Financial liabilities

 

Financial liabilities are recognized when the Company becomes party to the contractual provision of the instruments and the Company loses control of the contractual right that comprise the financial liability when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expired. The Company classifies its financial liabilities in two categories: at fair value through profit or loss and financial liabilities measured at amortized cost. The classification depends on the purpose for which the financial liabilities were incurred. Management determines the classification of its financial liabilities at initial recognition.

 

(a) Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

 

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are financial liabilities held for trading. A financial liability is classified in this category if incurred principally for the purpose of trading or payment in the short-term. Derivatives (if any) are also categorized as held for trading unless they are designated as hedges.

 

(b) Financial liabilities measured at amortized cost

 

These are non-derivative financial liabilities with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. These are recognized initially at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred and are subsequently stated at amortized cost; any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption value is recognized in the profit and loss account.

 

3.6.1 Derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting

 

Derivatives are recognised initially at fair value, any directly attributable transaction costs are recognised in profit or loss as they are incurred. Subsequent to initial recognition, derivatives are measured at fair value, and changes therein are generally recognised in profit and loss account.
The Company also holds derivative financial instruments to hedge its foreign currency exposures. Embedded derivatives are separated from the host contract and accounted for separately if certain criteria are met.

 

(a) Fair value hedge

 

Derivatives which are designated and qualify as fair value hedge, changes in the fair value of such derivatives are recorded in the profit and loss account, together with any changes in the fair value of the hedged asset or liability that are attributable to the hedged risk.

 

(b) Cash flow hedges

 

When a derivative is designated as cash flow hedging instrument, the effective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the hedging reserve. Any ineffective portion of changes in the fair value of the derivative is recognised immediately in profit or loss.

 

 

 

 

 24 
 

 

The amount accumulated in equity is retained in other comprehensive income and reclassified to profit or loss in the same period or periods during which the hedged item affects profit or loss.

 

If the hedging instrument no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, or the designation is revoked, then hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively. If the forecast transaction is no longer expected to occur, then the amount accumulated in equity is reclassified to profit or loss.

 

3.7 Property, plant and equipment

 

All equipments are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.The cost of fixed assets includes its purchase price, import duties and non-refundable purchase taxes and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working condition and location for its intended use.

 

Depreciation on additions to property, plant and equipment is charged, using straight line method, on pro rata basis from the month in which the relevant asset is acquired or capitalized, upto the month in which the asset is disposed off. Impairment loss, if any, or its reversal, is also charged to income for the year. Where an impairment loss is recognized, the depreciation charge is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset’s revised carrying amount, less its residual value, over its estimated useful life. Estimated useful life of assets is as follows:

 

Building 20 years
Plant and equipment 5-10 years
Office equipment 3-5 years
Vehicles 4 years

  

Maintenance and normal repair costs are expensed out as and when incurred. Major renewals and improvements are capitalized and assets so replaced, if any are retired.

 

Gains and losses on disposal of fixed assets, if any, are recognized in statement of profit and loss.

 

3.8 Cash and cash equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand and deposits held at call with banks. For the purpose of the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents comprises of bank balances and short term highly liquid investments subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value and with maturities of less than three months.

 

3.9 Revenue recognition

 

The Company derives revenue from the sale of selling fresh mushrooms, dried mushrooms, and mushroom seeds.

 

The Company recognizes revenue when it is realized or realizable and earned. The Company considers revenue realized or realizable and earned when it has persuasive evidence of an arrangement that the goods have been shiped to the customer, the sales price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.

 

 

 

 

 25 
 

 

3.10 Functional and presentation currency

 

Items included in the financial statements are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates. The functional currency of the Company is US (Dollars) and the functional currency of the Company’s operating subsidiaries and variable interest entities is the RMB. The financial statements are presented in US (Dollars) which is the Company's presentation currency. All financial information presented in US Dollars has been rounded to the nearest dollar unless otherwise stated.

 

3.11 Foreign currency transactions

 

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into functional currency using the exchange rate prevailing at the statement of financial position date. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating the local currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included in determining comprehensive income. Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred. All of the Company’s revenue transactions are transacted in the functional currency. The Company does not enter any material transaction in foreign currencies and accordingly, transaction gains or losses have not had, and are not expected to have, a material effect on the results of operations of the Company.

 

3.12 Contingencies

 

The assessment of the contingencies inherently involves the exercise of significant judgment as the outcome of the future events cannot be predicted with certainty. The Company, based on the availability of the latest information, estimates the value of contingent assets and liabilities, which may differ on the occurrence / non-occurrence of the uncertain future event(s).

 

3.13 Stock based compensation

 

The Company recognizes compensation expense for stock-based compensation in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. For employee stock-based awards, fair value of the award on the date of grant is calculated using the Black-Scholes method and the quoted price of the Company's common stock for stock options and unrestricted shares respectively;

 

The Company recognizes expense over the service period for awards expected to vest.

 

In case of non-employee stock-based awards, fair value of the award on the date of grant is calculated in the same manner as employee awards. However, the awards are revalued at the end of each reporting period and the pro rata compensation expense is adjusted accordingly until such time the nonemployee award is fully vested, at which time the total compensation recognized to date equals the fair value of the stock-based award as calculated on the measurement date, which is the date at which the award recipient’s performance is complete. The estimation of stock-based awards that will ultimately vest requires judgment, and to the extent actual results or updated estimates differ from original estimates, such amounts are recorded as a cumulative adjustment in the period estimates are revised. We consider many factors when estimating expected forfeitures, including types of awards, employee class, and historical experience.

 

The Black-Scholes option valuation model is used to estimate the fair value of the warrants or options granted. The model includes subjective input assumptions that can materially affect the fair value estimates. The model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options or warrants. The expected volatility is estimated based on the most recent historical period of time equal to the weighted average life of the warrants or options granted.

 

3.14 Inventories

 

Inventories, except for stock in transit, are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Stock in transit is valued at cost comprising invoice value plus other charges thereon. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in ordinary course of business less estimated costs of completion and selling expenses.

 

 

 26 
 

 

4 Cash

 

This represents cash in hand and cash deposited in bank accounts (current) by the Company.

  

5 Inventory

 

Opening balance  $125,148 
Net movement during the period   6,257 
   $131,405 

 

6 Other current assets

 

Opening balance  $86,268 
Net movement during the period   4,313 
   $90,581 

 

7 Land use right

 

Opening balance  $5,084,146 
Net movement during the period   (101,683)
   $4,982,463 

 

8 Property, plant and equipment

 

Cost     
Opening balance  $14,507,561 
Net movement during the period    
    14,507,561 

 

Accumulated Depreciation     
Opening balance   (2,557,192)
Net movement during the period   (76,716)
    (2,633,908)
      
Closing Book Value  $11,873,653 

 

 

 

 

 

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8.1 Property, plant and equipment, as the reporting date, comprises of:

 

Building  $13,654,077 
Plant   748,007 
Vehicles   32,912 
Office equipment   72,565 
    14,507,561 
Less: Accumulated depreciation   (2,633,908)
Closing balance  $11,873,653 

  

9. Prepaid lease for land

 

Opening balance  $1,568,701 
Net movement during the period   (47,061)
   $1,521,640 

  

9.1Leases where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of assets remain with the lessor are accounted for as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases net of any incentives received from the lessor are charged to the consolidated statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the terms of the underlying lease.

 

The Company records lease payments at cost less accumulated rent. The Company entered into a long term agreement with certain unrelated parties to rent land in 2010 and 2013. The lease payments are recorded as operating lease expenses using the straight line method during the contract period of 20 years and 17 years beginning at January 1, 2010 and December 25, 2013 respectively. The lease payments of $1,030,000 and $984,107 for the entire contract period were prepaid.

 

10 Account payables

 

Opening balance  $101,591 
Net movement during the period   3,048 
   $104,639 

 

11 Accrued expense

 

Opening balance  $15,855 
Net movement during the period   317 
   $16,172 

 

 

 

 

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12 Due to related parties

 

Opening balance  $475,142 
Net movement during the period    
   $475,142 

 

13 Long term payable

 

Opening balance  $1,527,265 
Net movement during the period    
   $1,527,265 

 

14 Contingencies and Commitments

 

From time to time, the Company may be involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of operations in the normal course of business. As at the end of current reporting period, there were no pending or threatened lawsuits that could reasonably be expected to have a material effect on the results of operations and there are no proceedings in which any directors, officers or affiliates, or any registered or beneficial stockholder, is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to the Company’s interest.

 

 

 

 

 

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