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EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION - MULIANG AGRITECH, INC.f10q0918ex32-2_mullan.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION - MULIANG AGRITECH, INC.f10q0918ex32-1_mullan.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION - MULIANG AGRITECH, INC.f10q0918ex31-1_mullan.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number: 000-55421

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
Nevada   NA
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

2498 Wanfeng Highway, Lane 181

Fengjing Town, Jinshan District
Shanghai, China

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(86) 21-67355092

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: As of November 19, 2018, the registrant had 281,708,590 shares of its common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC.

 

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

September 30, 2018

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
       
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
       
Item 1.   Financial Statements (unaudited) 1
       
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 25
       
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 34
       
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures 34
       
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
       
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings 35
       
Item 1A.   Risk Factors 35
       
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities 35
       
Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities 35
       
Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures 35
       
Item 5.   Other Information 35
       
Item 6.   Exhibits 35
       
    Signatures 36

 

i

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

 

The following unaudited interim financial statements of Mullan Agritech, Inc. (referred to herein as the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) are included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q:

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

    PAGE
     
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2017 (Audited)   2
     
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017   3
     
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017   4
     
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements   5

 

 1 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

AS OF SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 AND DECEMBER 31 2017

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
   Unaudited   Audited 
ASSETS        
Current Assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents  $41,775   $9,051 
Accounts receivable, net   3,029,484    358,516 
Inventories   501,983    412,648 
Prepayments to suppliers and prepaid expenses   1,665,171    23,076 
Other receivables, net   138,962    67,597 
Total Current Assets   5,377,375    870,888 
           
Property, plant and equipment, net   14,653,113    16,216,429 
Intangible assets, net   2,331,667    2,505,967 
Other assets and deposits   430,179    454,771 
           
Total Assets  $22,792,334   $20,048,055 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
           
Current Liabilities:          
Short-term loans  $150,732   $159,074 
Current portion of long-term debt   4,369,038    1,998,033 
Accounts payable and accrued payables   5,457,721    3,975,899 
Advances from customers   230,249    21,986 
Other payables   882,727    982,909 
Due to related party   238,792    4,441,087 
Total Current Liabilities   11,329,259    11,578,988 
           
Long-term loans   5,483,518    7,538,787 
Total Liabilities   16,812,777    19,117,775 
           
Stockholders’ Equity:          
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized,  281,708,590 and 280,000,000 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2018 and December 31,2017 respectively.   28,170    28,000 
Additional paid in capital   19,376,318    16,795,185 
Accumulated deficit   (13,712,252)   (16,118,404)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   335,544    240,402 
Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) - Mullan Agritech Inc. and Subsidiaries   6,027,780    945,183 
Noncontrolling interest   (48,223)   (14,903)
Total Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)   5,979,557    930,280 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $22,792,334   $20,048,055 

  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 2 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 AND 2017

(Unaudited)

 

   For the Three Months Ended
September 30,
   For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
                 
Revenues  $3,063,809    112,799   $9,819,282    266,934 
Cost of goods sold   2,380,564    54,007    6,006,371    177,272 
Gross profit (loss)   683,245    58,792    3,812,911    89,662 
                     
Operating expenses:                    
General and administrative expenses   413,731    511,305    1,085,225    1,187,682 
Selling expenses   179,381    12,724    343,783    83,265 
Total operating expenses   593,112    524,029    1,429,008    1,270,947 
                     
Income (Loss) from operations   90,133    (465,237)   2,383,903    (1,181,285)
                     
Other income (expense):                    
Interest expense   (102,331)   (134,236)   (326,400)   (387,292)
Subsidy income   (49)        2,135    - 
Rental income,net   21,155    -    169,678    - 
Other income (expense), net   172,722    33,686    147,367    90,923 
Total other income (expense)   91,497    (100,550)   (7,220)   (296,369)
                     
Income (Loss) before income taxes   181,630    (565,787)   2,376,683    (1,477,654)
                     
Income taxes   -    260    -    26,145 
                     
Net income (loss)   181,630    (566,047)   2,376,683    (1,503,799)
                     
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest   (29,469)   (2,207)   (29,469)   (6,900)
Net income (loss) attributable to Mullan Agritech Inc. common stockholders   211,099    (563,840)   2,406,152    (1,496,899)
                     
Other comprehensive income (loss):                    
Unrealized foreign currency translation adjustment   91,291    32,692    91,291    96,314 
                     
Total Comprehensive loss  $272,921    (533,355)   2,467,974    (1,407,485)
Total comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolliing interests   (1,177)        (25,618)     
Total comprehensive (income) loss attributable to Mullan Agritech Inc. common stockholders   274,098         2,493,592      
                     
Earnings per common share                    
Basic and diluted  $0.00    (0.00)   0.01    (0.01)
                     
Weighted average common shares outstanding                    
Basic   

281,708,590

    280,000,000    

280,569,530

    280,000,000 
Diluted   

281,708,590

    280,000,000    

280,569,530

    280,000,000 

  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 3 

 

 

  MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 AND 2017

(Unaudited)

 

   For the Nine Months Ended 
   September 30, 
   2018   2017 
         
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Net income (loss)  $2,376,683   $(1,503,799)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   1,128,807    575,139 
Bad debt expense   -    22,115 
Changes in assets and liabilities:          
Restricted cash   -    1,055 
Accounts receivable   (2,835,455)   333,558 
Inventories   (116,987)   61,739 
Advances to suppliers   (39,321)   (5,539)
Prepaid expenses   (152,078)   126,898 
Other receivables   (78,968)   (2,560)
Accounts payable and accrued payables   948,810    (1,409,172)
Accounts payable - related party   -    - 
Advances from customers   220,759    151 
Other payables   331,266    862,991 
Net cash used in operating activities   1,783,516    (937,424)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES          
Purchase of biological assets   (366,151)   (137,820)
Purchase of plant and equipment   (2,516)   - 
Proceeds from (Investment to ) related party   -    1,403,043 
Long term investment   -    (735)
Investment in construction in progress   (1,503,578)   - 
Net cash used in investing activities   (1,872,245)   1,264,488 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES          
Borrowing (Repayment) of long-term loans   -      
Proceeds from notes payable   2,824,501    - 
Proceeds from (Repayment to) related party   (4,611,317)   708,303 
Repayment of short-term loans   (766,109)   (1,023,402)
Capital contribution from shareholders   2,676,651    - 
Net cash provided by financing activities   123,726    (315,099)
           
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH   (2,273)   (57)
           
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH   32,724    11,908 
CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD   9,051    17,213 
CASH, END OF PERIOD  $41,775   $29,121 
          
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:          
Cash paid during the period for:          
Cash paid for interest expense, net of capitalized interest  $1,503,696   $446,495 
Cash paid for income tax  $-   $- 
           
NON-CASH TRANSACTIONS OF INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES          
Long term loan transfer to short term loan  $2,609,884   $- 
Debt to stock  $331,609   $- 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 4 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS

 

Mullan Agritech, Inc. formerly known as M & A Holding Corporation. (“Mullan Agritech”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on November 5, 2014. Mullan Agritech’s core business activities of developing, manufacturing, and selling organic fertilizers and bio-organic fertilizers for use in agricultural industry are conducted through several indirectly owned subsidiaries in China.

 

On June 9, 2016, Mullan Agritech filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Articles of Incorporation (the “Amendment”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada, changing its name from “M & A Holding Corporation,” to “Mullan Agritech, Inc.”

 

On July 11, 2016, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) effected in the marketplace the change of the corporate name from “M & A Holding Corporation,” to “Mullan Agritech, Inc.”, and effective on such date. Mullan Agritech trades under its new name, Mullan Agritech, Inc.

  

History

 

Shanghai Muliang Industry Co., Ltd. (referred to herein as “Muliang Industry”) was incorporated in PRC on December 7, 2006 as a limited liability company, owned 95% by Lirong Wang and 5% by Zongfang Wang. Muliang Industry through its own operations and its subsidiaries is engaged in the business of developing, manufacturing, and selling organic fertilizers and bio-organic fertilizers for use in the agricultural industry.

 

On May 27, 2013, Muliang Industry entered into and consummated an equity purchase agreement whereby it acquired 99% of the outstanding equity of Weihai Fukang Bio-Fertilizer Co., Ltd. (“Fukang”), a corporation organized under the laws of the People’s Republic of China. Fukang was incorporated in Weihai City, Shandong Province on January 6, 2009. Fukang is focused on the distribution of organic fertilizers and the development of new bio-organic fertilizers. As a result of the completion of the transaction, Fukang became a 99% owned subsidiary of Muliang Industry, with the remaining 1% equity interest owned by Mr. Hui Song.

 

On July 11, 2013, Muliang Industry established a wholly owned subsidiary, Shanghai Muliang Agritech Development Co., Ltd. (“Agritech Development”) in Shanghai, China. On November 6, 2013, Muliang Industry sold 40% of the outstanding equity of Agritech Development to Mr. Jianping Zhang for consideration of approximately $65,000 or RMB 400,000. Agritech Development does not currently conduct any operations.

 

On July 17, 2013, Muliang Industry entered into an equity purchase agreement to acquire 100% of the outstanding equity of Shanghai Zongbao Environmental Construction Co., Ltd. (“Zongbao”) with consideration of approximately $3.2 million or RMB 20 million, effectively becoming the wholly-owned subsidiary of Muliang Industry. Zongbao was incorporated in Shanghai on January 25, 2008. Zongbao processes and distributes organic fertilizers. Zongbao wholly owns, Shanghai Zongbao Environmental Construction Co., Ltd. Cangzhou Branch (“Zongbao Cangzhou”).

 

On August 21, 2014, Muliang Agricultural Limited (“Muliang HK”) was incorporated in Hong Kong as an investment holding company.

 

January 27, 2015, Muliang HK incorporated a wholly foreign-owned enterprise, Shanghai Mufeng Investment Consulting Co., Ltd (“Shanghai Mufeng”), in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”).

  

 5 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS (CONTINUED)

 

On July 8, 2015, Mullan Agritech entered into certain stock purchase agreement with Muliang Agriculture, Inc., pursuant to which Mullan Agritech, for a consideration of $5,000, acquired 100% interest in Muliang HK and its wholly-owned subsidiary Shanghai Mufeng. Both Muliang HK and Shanghai Mufeng are controlled by the Company’s sole officer and director, Lirong Wang.

 

On July 23, 2015, Muliang Industry established a wholly owned subsidiary, Shanghai Muliang Agricultural Sales Co., Ltd. (“Muliang Sales”) in Shanghai, China.

 

On September 3, 2015, Mullan Agritech effected a split of its outstanding common stock resulting in an aggregate of 150,525,000 shares outstanding of which 120,000,000 were owned by Chenxi Shi the founder of Mullan Agritech and its sole officer and director. The remaining 30,525,000 were held by a total of 39 investors.

 

On January 11, 2016, Mullan Agritech issued 129,475,000 shares of its common stock to Lirong Wang for an aggregate consideration of $64,737.50. On the same date, Chenxi Shi, the sole officer and director of Mullan Agritech on that date, transferred 120,000,000 shares of the common stock of the Company held by him to Lirong Wang for $800 pursuant to a transfer agreement.

 

On February 10, 2016, Shanghai Mufeng entered into a set of contractual agreements known as Variable Interest Entity (“VIE”) Agreements, including (1) Exclusive Technical Consulting and Service Agreement, (2) Equity Pledge Agreement, and (3) Call Option Cooperation Agreement, with Muliang Industry, and its Principal Shareholders. As a result of the Stock Purchase Agreement and the set of VIE Agreements, Shanghai Muliang Industry Co., Ltd., along with its consolidated subsidiaries, became entities controlled by Mullan Agritech whereby Mullan Agritech would derive all substantial economic benefit generated by Muliang Industry and its subsidiaries.

 

As a result, Mullan Agritech has a direct wholly-owned subsidiary, Muliang HK and an indirectly wholly owned subsidiary Shanghai Mufeng. Through its VIE Agreements, Mullan Agritech exercises control over Muliang Industry. Muliang Industry has two wholly-owned subsidiaries (Zongbao and Muliang Sales), one 99% owned subsidiary (Fukang), one 60% owned subsidiary (Agritech Development), and one indirectly wholly owned subsidiary Zongbao Cangzhou.

 

On June 6, 2016, Muliang Industry established a wholly-owned subsidiary, namely, Muliang (Ningling) Bio-chemical Fertilizer Co. Ltd (“Ningling Fertilizer”) in Henan Province, the central plain of China. Ningling Fertilizer, with registered capital of RMB 20,000,000, is setup for a new production line of bio-chemical fertilizer and has not begun any operation yet. Ningling Fertilizer was subsequently deregistered as the Company had no further plans to begin operations.

 

On July 7, 2016, Muliang Industry established a subsidiary, namely, Zhonglian Huinong (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd. (“Zhonglian”) in Beijing, China. Muliang Industry owns 65% shares of Zhonglian, and a third-party company, Zhongrui Huilian (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd. owns the other 35% shares. Zhonglian, with registered capital of RMB 10,000,000, was established to develop and operate an online agricultural products trading platform.

 

On October 27, 2016, Muliang Industry established a wholly-owned subsidiary, Yunnan Muliang Animal Husbandry Development Co., Ltd. (“Yunnan Muliang”) in Yunnan Province, China. Muliang Industry owns 55% shares of Yunnan Muliang, and a third-party company, Shuangbai County Development Investment Co., Ltd. owns the other 45% shares. Yunnan Muliang, with registered capital of RMB 20,000,000, was established for the development of sales in the western region of China.

  

 6 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS (CONTINUED)

 

Muliang HK, Shanghai Mufeng, Muliang Industry, Zongbao, Zongbao Cangzhou, Muliang Sales, Fukang, Agritech Development, Ningling Fertilizer, Mullan Agritech, Zhonglian, and Yunnan Muliang are referred to as subsidiaries. The Company and its consolidated subsidiaries are collectively referred to herein as the “Company”, “we” and “us”, unless specific reference is made to an entity.

 

The consolidated financial statements were prepared assuming that the Company has controlled Muliang HK and its intermediary holding companies, operating subsidiaries, and variable interest entities: Shanghai Mufeng, Muliang Industry, Zongbao, Zongbao Cangzhou, Muliang Sales, Fukang, and Agritech Development, from the first period presented. The transactions detailed above have been accounted for as reverse takeover transaction and a recapitalization of the Company; accordingly, the Company (the legal acquirer) is considered the accounting acquiree and Muliang HK (the legal acquiree) is considered the accounting acquirer. No goodwill has been recorded. As a result of this transaction, the Company is deemed to be a continuation of the business of Muliang HK, Shanghai Mufeng, and Muliang Industry.

  

Liquidity and Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles which contemplate continuation of the Company as a going-concern basis. The going-concern basis assumes that assets are realized and liabilities are extinguished in the ordinary course of business at amounts disclosed in the financial statements. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern depends upon the liquidation of current assets. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company reported net income of $2,376,683 and net loss of $1,503,799, respectively. The Company had working capital deficit of approximately $6.68 million and $11.91 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. Although the Company had net cash inflow of $2,551,129 and net cash outflow of $937,424 from its operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. The Company generated income from operation of $2,383,903 and incurred interest expense of $326,400 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The overall situation of the Company still raise a doubt as to whether the Company may continue as a going concern.

 

In an effort to improve its financial position, the Company is working to obtain new loans from banks and related parties, renew its current loans, and to improve its operations upon its modified fertilizer factories. The Company obtained capital contribution of approximately $16 million in 2015 and $2.7 in the first half of 2018 from its shareholders. The Company expects to have more capital contribution from its shareholders in the near future. 

   

 7 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with US GAAP. The basis of accounting differs from that used in the statutory accounts of the Company, which are prepared in accordance with the accounting principles of the PRC (“PRC GAAP”). The differences between US GAAP and PRC GAAP have been adjusted in these consolidated financial statements. The Company’s functional currency is the Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”); however, the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been translated and presented in United States Dollars (“USD”).  The Company has reclassified certain line items on the statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30,2018 in order to improve comparison with current periods presented.  The results of these change did not impact the Company’s previously reported results of operations or financial position.

 

Interim Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) applicable to interim financial information and the requirements of Form 10-Q and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosure required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and the results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods have been included. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017, as not all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements are presented. The interim financial statements follow the same accounting policies and methods of computations as the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of these financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Accordingly, actual results may differ from these estimates. Significant estimates include the useful lives of property and equipment, land use rights, assumptions used in assessing collectability of receivables and impairment for long-term assets.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

Mullan Agritech consolidates the following entities, including wholly-owned subsidiaries, Muliang HK, Shanghai Mufeng, and its wholly controlled variable interest entities, Muliang Industry, and Zhongbao, 60% controlled Agritech Development, 99% controlled Fukang, 65% controlled Zhonglian and 55% controlled Yunnan Muliang. The 40% equity interest holder of Agritech Development, 1% equity interest holders in Fukang, 35% equity interest holders in Zhonglian, and 45% interest in Yunnan Muliang are accounted as non-controlling interest in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

The variable interest entities consolidated for which the Company is deemed the primary beneficiary. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

 8 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

Control by Principal Stockholders

 

The Company’s directors and executive officers and their affiliates or related parties own, beneficially and in the aggregate, the majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of our common stock. Accordingly, if our directors and executive officers and their affiliates or related parties vote their shares uniformly, they would have the ability to control the approval of most corporate actions, including increasing our authorized capital stock and the dissolution or merger of our company or the sale of our assets.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

For purposes of the statements of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less and money market accounts to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains cash with various financial institutions.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are presented net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses. The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company considers many factors, including the age of the balance, a customer’s historical payment history, its current credit-worthiness and current economic trends. Accounts are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories, consisting of raw materials, work in process and finished goods related to the Company’s products are stated at the lower of cost or market utilizing the weighted average method.

 

Property, Plant and Equipment

 

Plant and equipment are carried at cost and are depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The cost of repairs and maintenance is expensed as incurred; major replacements and improvements are capitalized. When assets are retired or disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gains or losses are included in income in the year of disposition. The Company examines the possibility of decreases in the value of fixed assets when events or changes in circumstances reflect the fact that their recorded value may not be recoverable.

 

Included in property and equipment is construction-in-progress which consisted of factory improvements and machinery pending installation and includes the costs of construction, machinery and equipment, and any interest charges arising from borrowings used to finance these assets during the period of construction or installation of the assets. No provision for depreciation is made on construction-in-progress until such time as the relevant assets are completed and ready for their intended use.

   

 9 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

  

Estimated useful lives of the Company’s assets are as follows:

 

   Useful Life
Building  20 years
Operating equipment  5-10 years
Vehicle  3-5 years
Electronic equipment  3-20 years
Office equipment  3-20 years
Apple orchard  10 years

 

The apple orchard includes rental for an apple farm, labor cost, fertilizers, apple seeds, apple seedlings and others. The costs to purchase and cultivate apple trees and the expenditures related to labor and materials to plant apple trees until they become commercially productive are capitalized, which require a two-year period. The estimated production life for apple tree is 10 years, and the costs are depreciated without a residual value. Expenses incurred maintaining apple trees during the growth cycle until seedling apple trees or grafted varieties are fruited are capitalized into inventory and included in Work in process—apple orchard, a component of inventories.

 

Depreciation expenses pertaining to apple trees will be included in inventory costs for those apples to be sold and ultimately become a component of cost of goods sold. Similar to other assets, the failure of our apple trees to be serviceable over the entirety of their anticipated useful lives or to be sold at their anticipated residual value will negatively impact our operating results.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Included in the intangible assets are land use rights. According to the laws of the PRC, the government owns all the land in the PRC. Companies or individuals are authorized to possess and use the land only through land use rights granted by the Chinese government. Intangible assets are being amortized using the straight-line method over their lease terms or estimated useful life.

 

Estimated useful lives of the Company’s intangible assets are as follows:

 

    Useful Life
Land use rights   50 years
Non-patented technology   10 years

 

The Company carries intangible assets at cost less accumulated amortization. In accordance with US GAAP, the Company examines the possibility of decreases in the value of intangible assets when events or changes in circumstances reflect the fact that their recorded value may not be recoverable. The Company computes amortization using the straight-line method over estimated useful life of 50 years for the land use rights.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

In accordance with ASC Topic 360, the Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be fully recoverable, or at least annually. The Company recognizes an impairment loss when the sum of expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. The amount of impairment is measured as the difference between the asset’s estimated fair value and its book value. The Company recorded no impairment charge for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. 

 

 10 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

  

Advances from Customers

 

Advances from customers consist of prepayments from customers for merchandise that had not yet been shipped. The Company will recognize the deposits as revenue as customers take delivery of the goods and title to the assets is transferred to customers in accordance with the Company’s revenue recognition policy.

 

Non-controlling Interest

 

Non-controlling interests in the Company’s subsidiaries are recorded in accordance with the provisions of ASC 810 and are reported as a component of equity, separate from the parent’s equity. Purchase or sale of equity interests that do not result in a change of control are accounted for as equity transactions. Results of operations attributable to the non-controlling interest are included in our consolidated results of operations and, upon loss of control, the interest sold, as well as interest retained, if any, will be reported at fair value with any gain or loss recognized in earnings.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Pursuant to the guidance of ASC Topic 606, the Company recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company recognizes revenues from the sale of its fertilizer products and fertilizer manufacturing equipment upon shipment and transfer of title. 

 

Rental Income

 

Pursuant to the guidance of ASC Topic 840, rent shall be reported as income by lessors over the lease term as it becomes receivable. The Company currently leased all the building of the plants and the Land use right in Shanghai City to third parties as warehouse and workplace. The Company recognizes building and land use right leasing income over the beneficial period described by the agreement, as the income is realized or realizable and earned.

 

The related rent expense mainly represents the depreciation expense of the buildings and land use right.

 

The rent income, net off the rent expense, was presented as other income in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, rent income of $302,699 with related cost of $133,021, and rent income of $190,467 with related cost of $109,290, were recognized

 

Cost of Sales

 

Cost of goods sold consists primarily of raw materials, utility and supply costs consumed in the manufacturing process, manufacturing labor, depreciation expense and direct overhead expenses necessary to manufacture finished goods as well as warehousing and distribution costs such as inbound freight charges, shipping and handling costs, purchasing and receiving costs.

  

 11 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of Section 740-10-30 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, which is an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in its financial statements or tax returns.

 

The Company is subject to the Enterprise Income Tax law (“EIT”) of the People’s Republic of China. The Company’s operations in producing and selling fertilizers are subject to the 25% enterprise income tax.

 

Related Parties

 

Parties are considered to be related to the Company if the parties, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, control, are controlled by, or are under common control with the Company. Related parties also include principal owners of the Company, its management, members of the immediate families of principal owners of the Company and its management and other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests. The Company discloses all related party transactions.

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Comprehensive income (loss) comprised of net income (loss) and all changes to the statements of stockholders’ equity, except those due to investments by stockholders, changes in paid-in capital and distributions to stockholders. The Company’s comprehensive income (loss) consist of net income (loss) and unrealized gains from foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

Reclassification

 

Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on net earnings or financial position.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The Company’s functional currency is the Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”); however, the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been translated and presented in United States Dollars (“USD”). Results of operations and cash flows are translated at average exchange rates during the period, assets and liabilities are translated at the unified exchange rate at the end of the period, and equity is translated at historical exchange rates. As a result, amounts relating to assets and liabilities reported on the statements of cash flows may not necessarily agree with the changes in the corresponding balances on the balance sheets. Translation adjustments resulting from the process of translating the local currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are included in determining comprehensive income/loss. The translation adjustment for nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was gain of $91,292 and gain of $96,314, respectively. Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing on the transaction dates. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date with any transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the results of operations as incurred.

 

 12 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

All of the Company’s revenue transactions are transacted in the functional currency. The Company does not enter into any material transaction in foreign currencies. Transaction gains or losses have not had, and are not expected to have, a material effect on the results of operations of the Company.

 

Asset and liability accounts at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were translated at 6.8665 RMB to $1 USD and 6.5064 RMB to $1 USD, respectively, which were the exchange rates on the balance sheet dates. The average translation rates applied to the statements of income for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 were 6.5137 RMB and 6.8057 RMB to $1 USD, respectively.

 

Earnings (Loss) per Share

 

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, excluding the effects of any potentially dilutive securities. Diluted earnings per share gives effect to all dilutive potential of shares of common stock outstanding during the period including stock options or warrants, using the treasury stock method (by using the average stock price for the period to determine the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants), and convertible debt or convertible preferred stock, using the if-converted method. Earnings per share excludes all potential dilutive shares of common stock if their effect is anti-dilutive. There were no potential dilutive securities at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company adopted the guidance of ASC Topic 820 for fair value measurements which clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities available at the measurement date.

 

Level 2-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, and inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3-Inputs are unobservable inputs which reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions on what assumptions the market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best available information.

 

The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, inventories, advances to suppliers, prepaid expenses, short-term loans, accounts payable, accrued expenses, advances from customers, VAT and service taxes payable and income taxes payable approximate their fair market value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments.

   

 13 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

ASC Topic 825-10 “Financial Instruments” allows entities to voluntarily choose to measure certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value (fair value option). The fair value option may be elected on an instrument-by-instrument basis and is irrevocable, unless a new election date occurs. If the fair value option is elected for an instrument, unrealized gains and losses for that instrument should be reported in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. The Company did not elect to apply the fair value option to any outstanding instruments.

 

The following table summarizes the carrying values of the Company’s financial instruments: 

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Cash  $41,775   $9,051 
Accounts receivables, net   3,029,484    358,516 
Other receivables   138,962    67,597 
Short term loan   150,732    159,074 
Current portion of long term debt   4,369,038    1,998,033 
Long term loan   5,483,518    7,538,787 

 

Government Contribution Plan

 

Pursuant to the laws applicable to PRC law, the Company is required to participate in a government-mandated multi-employer defined contribution plan pursuant to which certain retirement, medical and other welfare benefits are provided to employees. Chinese labor regulations require the Company to pay to the local labor bureau a monthly contribution at a stated contribution rate based on the monthly basic compensation of qualified employees. The relevant local labor bureau is responsible for meeting all retirement benefit obligations; the Company has no further commitments beyond its monthly contribution.

 

Statutory Reserve

 

Pursuant to the laws applicable to the PRC, the Company must make appropriations from after-tax profit to the non-distributable “statutory surplus reserve fund”. Subject to certain cumulative limits, the “statutory surplus reserve fund” requires annual appropriations of 10% of after-tax profit until the aggregated appropriations reach 50% of the registered capital (as determined under accounting principles generally accepted in the PRC (“PRC GAAP”) at each year-end). For foreign invested enterprises and joint ventures in the PRC, annual appropriations should be made to the “reserve fund”. For foreign invested enterprises, the annual appropriation for the “reserve fund” cannot be less than 10% of after-tax profits until the aggregated appropriations reach 50% of the registered capital (as determined under PRC GAAP at each year-end). If the Company has accumulated loss from prior periods, the Company is able to use the current period net income after tax to offset against the accumulate loss.

 

Segment Information

 

The standard, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,” codified with ASC-280, requires certain financial and supplementary information to be disclosed on an annual and interim basis for each reportable segment of an enterprise. The Company believes that it operates in three business segments and in one geographical segment (China), as all of the Company’s current operations are carried in China.

  

 14 

 

  

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncement

 

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) issued guidance, which simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment. The updated guidance eliminates Step 2 of the impairment test, which requires entities to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance, which amended the existing accounting standards for business combinations. The amendments clarify the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses.

 

In August 2017, the FASB issued guidance, which amends the existing accounting standards for derivatives and hedging. The amendment improves the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better represent the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements and made certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current U.S. GAAP.

 

The Company believes that there were no other accounting standards recently issued that had or are expected to have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.

  

 15 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 3 – ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

 

Accounts receivable consisted of the following:

 

   September 30,
2018
   December 31,
2017
 
         
Accounts receivable  $3,337,670   $683,758 
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts   (308,186)   (325,242)
Total, net  $3,029,484   $358,516 

 

The Company reviews the accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. After evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company recognized bad debt allowance of $0 and $22,115 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

NOTE 4 – INVENTORIES

 

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

   September 30,
2018
   December 31,
2017
 
         
Raw materials  $147,848   $118,198 
Finished goods   354,135    294,450 
Total, net  $501,983   $412,648 

 

The Company did not recognized loss from inventory impairment for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

  

 16 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 5 – OTHER RECEIVABLES

 

Other receivable consisted of the following:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Employee’s portion of social benefits  $6,233   $7,728 
Utilities receivables   -    5,472 
Employee advances   5,020    4,996 
Loan to unrelated party   54,759    46,108 
Others   72,950    3,293 
    138,962    67,597 
Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts   -    - 
Total, net  $138,962   $67,597 

 

The Company reviews the other receivables on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. The Company did not take allowance for accounts as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

NOTE 6 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property, plant and equipment at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted of:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Building  $12,878,260   $13,603,224 
Operating equipment   2,792,404    2,968,880 
Vehicle   79,017    58,492 
Office equipment   61,645    18,500 
Apple Orchard   948,896    1,029,230 
Construction in progress   312,664    - 
    17,072,886    17,678,326 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (2,419,773)   (1,461,897)
Total, net  $14,653,113   $16,216,429 

  

 17 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 6 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT (CONTINUED)

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, depreciation expense amounted to $1,083,605 and $532,856, respectively. Depreciation is not taken during the period of construction or equipment installation. Upon completion of the installation of manufacturing equipment or any construction in progress, construction in progress balances will be classified to their respective property and equipment category.

 

The construction in progress of $312,664 represents the investment of a black goat processing plant located in Shuangbai County, Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, PRC.

    

NOTE 7 – INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Intangible assets consisted of the following:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Land use rights  $2,721,766   $2,872,403 
Non-patented technology   14,563    15,369 
    2,736,329    2,887,772 
Less: accumulated amortization   (404,662)   (381,805)
Total, net  $2,331,667   $2,505,967 

  

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, amortization of intangible assets amounted to $45,202 and $42,283, respectively.

 

NOTE 8 – LOANS PAYABLE

 

Short-term loan of $150,732 represents balance due to Shanghai Jinshan Limin Micro Loan Co., Ltd., with annual interest rate of 16%. This loan was borrowed on March 3, 2017 and due on March 2, 2018. The Company extended another one year until the end of March, 2019 with the same terms.

 

Long-term loans represent amounts due to lenders that are due more than one year, whose balance was $5,483,518 and $7,538,787 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 respectively.

 

 18 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 8 – LOANS PAYABLE (CONTINUED)

 

Long -term loan and current portion of long-term loan consisted of the following: 

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Loan payable to Agricultural Bank of China, annual interest rate of 5.70% + HIBOR, due by August 25, 2019.  $4,369,038   $5,379,319 
Loan payable to Rushan City Rural Credit Union, annual interest 8.3125%, due by July 25, 2019.   1,092,260    1,152,711 
Long-term loans and interest payable to individuals and entities   4,391,258    3,004,790 
    9,852,556    9,536,820 
Less: Current portion of long-term loans payable   4,369,038    1,998,033 
Total, net  $5,483,518   $7,538,787 

 

Current portion of long-term loans payable to Agricultural Bank of China amounted to $4,369,038 as of September 30, 2018 and $1,998,033 as of December 31, 2017.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the Company’s future loan obligations according to the terms of the long-term agreement are as follows:

 

Year 1  $4,369,038 
Year 2   5,483,518 
Total  $9,852,556 

 

The Company recognized interest expenses of $326,400 and $387,292 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

NOTE 9 – STOCKHOLDERS DEFICIT

 

Authorized Stock

 

The Company has authorized 500,000,000 common shares with a par value of $0.0001 per share.  Each common share entitles the holder to one vote, in person or proxy, on any matter on which action of the stockholders of the corporation is sought.

 

On September 3, 2015, the Board of Directors affected a forward split of the outstanding common stock the Company, such that each share of outstanding common stock be converted into 15 shares of common stock as of September 3, 2015, the record date. All relevant information relating to numbers of shares and per share information have been retrospectively adjusted to reflect the reverse stock split for all periods presented.

 

 19 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 9 – STOCKHOLDERS DEFICIT (CONTINUED)

 

Common Share Issuances

 

On June 29, 2018, the outstanding amount $326,348 due to Mr Wang, CEO and Chairman of the Company, were converted into 216,000 shares of Common Shares at $1.51 per share.

 

On June 29,2018 the Company issued 1,492,590 common shares of the Company at $1.51 for proceeds of $2,255,111 to Mr Wang, CEO and Chairman of the Company.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the Company have 281,708,590 common shares outstanding.

  

NOTE 10 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Ms. Hui Song was the Company’s former sales director. In 2013, Ms. Hui Song resigned and she no longer has any significant control or influence over the Company therefore she was no longer considered a related party. Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd., an entity controlled by Ms. Hui Song, and Yantai Zongbao Tele-Agriculture Service Co., Ltd., a related company of Ms. Hui Song, were also no longer considered as related parties of the Company.

 

*Account receivable and sales to Ms. Hui Song and its associated

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company sold fertilizer manufacturing equipment to Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd., in the amount of $167,524, with related cost of $104,973. This transaction was reflected in the revenue and cost of goods sold .

 

As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company has account receivable balance of $185,933 and $0 from Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd. respectively.

 

As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company has account receivable balance of $61,170 and $64,555 from Yantai Zongbao Tele-Agriculture Service Co., Ltd., respectively. 

 

 20 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 10 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (CONTINUED)

 

*Account payable and purchase from Ms. Hui Song and its associated

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company purchased fertilizer of $2,956,845 from Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd., an entity controlled by Ms. Hui Song. As of September 30, 2018, account payable to Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd. was $1,075,512.

 

As of September 30, 2018, long-term loan payable balances for Jilin Jiliang Zongbao Biological Technology Co., Ltd. and Ms Hui Song were of $808,945 and $538,848, respectively.

 

*Account payable to and purchase from related parties

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company purchased fertilizer manufacturing equipment of $104,973 from Shanghai Aoke Chemicals Co., Ltd, an entity controlled by Mr. Lirong Wang, CEO and majority shareholder of the Company. As of September 30, 2018, account payable to Shanghai Aoke Chemicals Co., Ltd. were $116,508.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company did not purchase material or equipment from related parties.

 

*Due to related party

 

Outstanding balance due to Mr. Lirong Wang and Mr. Guihua Lin below are advances from related parties for working capital of the Company which are mainly due on demand, non-interest bearing, unsecured, and without maturity date unless further disclosed.

 

   September 30,   December 31,    
   2018   2017   Relationship
Mr. Lirong Wang   28,524    4,025,356   CEO and Chairman of the Company
Ms. Xueying Sheng   210,268    313,269   Controller/Accounting Manager of the Company
Mr. Guohua Lin   --    102,462   One of the Company’s shareholders
Total   238,792    4,441,087    

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company borrowed $942,928 from Mr. Lirong Wang, and repaid $5,034,135, On June 29, 2018, the amount due to Mr. Wang of $326,348 was converted into common shares.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company borrowed $143,435 from Mr. Guohua Lin, and repaid $234,011.  

 

On September 6, 2016, the Company borrowed $151,078 from Ms. Xueying Sheng. The loan is unsecured, without maturity, and bears an interest rate of 42%.

 

In November 2017 and December 2017, the Company borrowed a total amount of $52,877 from Ms. Xueying Sheng. The loan is unsecured, without maturity, and bears an interest rate of 20%.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company borrowed $158,745 from Ms. Xueying Sheng This Loan is unsecured, without maturity and non-interest bearing.

 

For the nine months ended September 30,2018, the Company repaid $167,559 to Ms. Xueying,Sheng.

 

Interest expenses for related party loans payable above were $23,777 and $15,043 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

  

 21 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 11 – CONCENTRATIONS

 

Customers Concentrations

 

The following table sets forth information as to each customer that accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

   For the nine months ended 
   September 30, 
  2018   2017 
Customer  Amount   %   Amount   % 
A   N/A    N/A    33,907    13%
B   2,128,590    21%   N/A    N/A 
C   1,311,851    13%   N/A    N/A 

 

Suppliers Concentrations

 

The following table sets forth information as to each supplier that accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s purchase for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

   For the nine months ended 
   September 30, 
  2018   2017 
Suppliers  Amount   %   Amount   % 
A   N/A    N/A    108,417    53%
B   N/A    N/A    51,715    25%
C   2,956,845    55%   N/A    N/A 
D   766,670    14%   N/A    N/A 

 

Credit Risks

 

The Company’s operations are carried out in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC’s economy. The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to specific considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 

Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and trade accounts receivable. Substantially all of the Company’s cash is maintained with state-owned banks within the PRC, and none of these deposits are covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts. A significant portion of the Company’s sales are credit sales which are primarily to customers whose ability to pay is dependent upon the industry economics prevailing in these areas; however, concentrations of credit risk with respect to trade accounts receivables is limited due to generally short payment terms. The Company also performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers to help further reduce credit risk. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company’s cash balances by geographic area were as follows:

 

   September 30,
2018
   December 31,
2017
 
China  $41,775    100%  $9,051    100%
Total cash and cash equivalents  $41,775    100%  $9,051    100%

   

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MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 12 – INCOME TAXES

 

United States

 

Mullan Agritech is established in the State of Nevada in the United States and is subject to Nevada State and US Federal tax laws.

 

On December 22, 2017, the United States enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”) resulting in significant modifications to existing law. The Company has considered the accounting impact of the effects of the Act during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 including a reduction in the corporate tax rate from 34% to 21% among other changes.

  

Hong Kong

 

Muliang HK is established in Hong Kong and its income is subject to a 16% profit tax rate for income sourced within the country. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, Muliang HK did not earn any income derived in Hong Kong, and therefore was not subject to Hong Kong Profits Tax.

 

China, PRC

 

Shanghai Mufeng and its subsidiaries Muliang Industry, Zongbao, ZongbaoCangzhou, Muliang Sales, Fukang, Agritech Development, Zhongliang and Yunnan Muliang are established in China and its income is subject to income tax rate of 25%.

 

The reconciliation of effective income tax rate as follows:

 

   For the Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2018   2017 
US Statutory income tax rate   21%   35%
Lower rates in PRC, net   -    (10)%
Valuation allowance   (21)%   (25)%
Total   -    - 

 

As of September 30, 2018, Mullan Agritech has approximately $102,000 of unused net operating losses (“NOLs”) available for carrying forward to future years for U.S. federal income tax reporting purposes. The benefit from the carry forward of such NOLs will begin expiring during the year ended December 31, 2034. Because United States tax laws limit the time during which NOL carry forwards may be applied against future taxable income, the Company may be unable to take full advantage of its NOLs for federal income tax purposes should the Company generate taxable income. Further, the benefit from utilization of NOL carry forwards could be subject to limitations due to material ownership changes that could occur in the Company as it continues to raise additional capital. Based on such limitations, the Company has significant NOLs for which realization of tax benefits is uncertain.

 

As of September 30, 2018, the Company’s subsidiaries in PRC had net taxable operating loss carry forwards of approximately $14,960,050. The PRC income tax allows the enterprises to offset their future taxable income with taxable operating losses carried forward in a 5-year period. The management believes that the Company’s cumulative losses arising from recurring business in recent years constituted significant negative evidence that most of the deferred tax assets would not be realizable and this evidence outweighed the expectations that the Company would generate future taxable income. The valuation allowance of $3,740,013 was recorded.

 

 23 

 

 

MULLAN AGRITECH, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES OF CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 12 – INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED)  

 

The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to the Company’s net deferred tax assets as follows: 

 

   September 30,
2018
 
     
PRC income tax at statutory rate   3,740,013 
Less: valuation allowance   (3,740,013)
Net deferred tax asset   - 

   

NOTE 13 – BUSINESS SEGMENTS

 

The revenues and cost of goods sold from operation consist of the following:

 

   Revenues   Cost of Sales 
   For the Nine Months Ended   For the Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30,   September 30,   September 30, 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Fertilizer sales  $9,214,666   $266,934   $5,431,456   $177,272 
Agricultural products (food) sales   604,616         574,915      
Total  $9,819,282   $266,934   $6,006,371   $177,272 

 

NOTE 14 - SUBSEQUENT EVENT

 

On October 26, 2018, the Board of the Directors of the Company approved a five for one (5:1) reverse split of its common stock (the “Reverse Split”). The Board also approved the creation and authorized 100,000,000 Series A Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Preferred Share Authorization”).  As of November 19, 2018, the Reverse Split and Preferred Share Authorization are not complete and effective yet.

 

 24 

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should also be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the notes to those financial statements appearing elsewhere in this report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements relating to future events or our future performance. Actual results may materially differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain risks and uncertainties set forth in this report. Although management believes that the assumptions made and expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, there is no assurance that the underlying assumptions will, in fact, prove to be correct or that actual results will not be different from expectations expressed in this report. 

  

Business Overview

 

We are principally engaged in the fertilizer processing and distribution business in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”).

 

Through our patented technology, we process crop straw (including corn, rice, wheat, cotton, and other crops) into high quality organic nutritious fertilizer rich in small molecules, easily absorbed by crops in 3 hours. Straws are common agricultural by-product. In PRC, farmers usually burn the straw down to remove the straws efficiently in order to continue farming on the same land. These activities have resulted in serious air pollution and damage the surface structure of the soil. We change waste into treasure by recycling the straws into organic fertilizer, and effectively reduced air pollution. The straw organic fertilizer we produce does not contain the heavy metals, antibiotics, and harmful bacteria that is common in the traditional manure fertilizer. The organic matter content in our organic fertilizer is also much higher than the national standard. It can effectively reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and reduce the penetration of large chemical fertilizers and pesticides into the soil and thus avoid water pollution. Therefore, our fertilizer can effectively improve soil, improve soil fertility, and improve the quality and safety of agricultural products.

  

We are committed to ensuring the quality and safety of agricultural products as the center of the company’s industry. Therefore, we are actively evaluating and operating the sales of high-quality and safe agricultural products (food) while providing high-quality and safe straw organic fertilizer for agricultural production. And has cooperated with the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, the Ministry of Agriculture, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, and other relevant departments of the state wisdom of large agriculture cooperation, operating and sales of national wisdom large agriculture certified quality traceable agricultural products (food), and plans to establish only sales quality can be guaranteed And agricultural products (food) electronic trading platform with safe shell traceability.

 

Currently, all of our production takes place in the fertilizer plants located in Weihai City, Shandong Province, PRC. All of our fertilizer plants in Weihai City produced the straw organic fertilizer, which is our main product currently and in the near future. We decided to make technological improvement for our existing straw organic fertilizer production lines in the following aspects: (1) adopt more advanced automatic control technology for raw material feed to shorten the feeding time of raw material, and (2) manufacture powdery organic fertilizer instead of granular organic fertilizer production in order to avoid the drying and cooling process. We estimated we would be able to increase our production capacity significantly through the technical improvement.

 

Besides, we are going to establish a new organic fertilizer plant to meet the growing demand for our fertilizer products next year. This new plant will be located in Helongjiang Province, a traditional agricultural province of China, primary due to the strong support from the local government.

 

Our fertilizer products are sold under our brand names “Zongbao,” “Fukang,” and “Muliang.” Our customers are mainly located in provinces of Guangdong, Jilin and Shandong.

 

 25 

 

 

In addition, in 2014, we rented 350 mu (about 57.66 acres) of mountainous land as apple farm and use our own fertilizer, to demonstrate the advantages of our straw organic fertilizer. We only generated revenue of $1,646 for apple sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 which was included in Agricultural products sales segment, as apples were not ripe for sale until the fourth quarter each year. And, we expect our apple trees to become commercially productive in the fourth quarter of 2019.

 

The other part of revenue in Agricultural products sales segment represents the sales to the retailer through cooperation with famous brand agricultural products manufactures, such as Yili Industrial Group and Meng Niu Dairy, etc.

 

In addition, we invested in a goat slaughtering and processing factory located in Shuangbai County, Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, PRC in 2018. This project was expected to generate revenue in the middle of 2019 with a capcity of deep processing of 200 thousand black goat per year.Which will be our important source of income in the near future.

 

We have fertilizer facility and new fertilizer plants in the suburb of Shanghai City. The new plant located in Shanghai was completed in June 2016. Due to the requirements for urban environmental protection, we are not using the fertilizer plants in Shanghai City to manufacture straw organic fertilizer currently. We leased an 8,165-square-meter factory area to Yu Shuai (Shanghai) Industrial Development Co., Ltd. as office and warehouse from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2027 with an annual rent of $320,631 for the first three years. The rent will increase by 10% every three years according to the agreement. In addition, we have leased a 1,500-square-meter factory area to Shanghai Yanwu standard parts Co., Ltd. for a period of five years from June 29, 2017, with an annual rent of $45,493 for the first three years and an annual rent of $47,768 for the last two years.

 

On October 16, 2017, we entered into a lease agreement to rent the land use right of an area of 15 mu (about 2.47 acres), located in Shanghai City, to China Huaxi Limited Company, from November 21, 2017 to November 20, 2027. The annual rent was $97,980 for the first three years. The rent will increase by 10% every three years according to the agreement.

   

Critical Accounting Policies

  

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. We evaluate, on an on-going basis, our estimates for reasonableness as changes occur in our business environment. We base our estimates on experience, the use of independent third-party specialists, and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

Critical accounting policies are defined as those that are reflective of significant judgments, estimates and uncertainties, and potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. We believe the following are our critical accounting policies:

 

Basis of Presentation

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP.

 

Going Concern

 

As reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, we had net accumulated deficit of $13,712,252 and $16,118,404 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. Our cash balances as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $41,775 and $9,051, respectively. Our current liabilities were $11,329,259 at September 30, 2018, which is due within the next 12 months. In addition, we had a working capital deficit of $5,951,884 and $10,708,100 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. These matters raise doubt about the company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company’s ability to further implement its business plan, raise additional capital, and generate more revenues. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern. 

 

 26 

 

 

The Company had net cash inflow of $1,783,516 and net cash outflow of $937,424 from its operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued common stock for a proceeds of $2,344,444. The Company also successfully made a significant net income instead of suffering a loss. All of the above improved the Company’s financial position significantly as of September 30, 2018.The Company is expected to generate net income in a larger amount in the near future. 

 

Principles of Consolidation

  

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Mullan Agritech, Muliang HK, Shanghai Mufeng, Muliang Industry, Zongbao, Fukang, Agritech Development, Zongbao Cangzhou, Muliang Sales, Zhonglian, and Yunnan Muliang. All intercompany transactions and account balances are eliminated in consolidation.

  

Use of Estimates

 

In preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates, required by management, include the recoverability of long-lived assets and the valuation of inventories. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

We state accounts receivable at cost, net of allowance for doubtful accounts. Based on our past experience and current practice in the PRC, management provides for an 100% allowance for doubtful accounts equivalent to those accounts that are not collected within one year plus 50% for receivables outstanding for six months old. It is management’s belief that the current bad debt allowance adequately reflects an appropriate estimate based on management’s judgment.

 

Inventory Valuation

 

We value our fertilizer inventories at the lower of cost, determined on a weighted average basis, and net realizable value (the estimated market price). Substantially all inventory expenses, packaging and supplies are valued by the weighted average method.

 

Apple Orchard

 

Apple Orchard consists primarily of rental for an apple farm, labor cost, fertilizers, apple seeds, apple seedlings and others. The costs to purchase and cultivate apple trees and the expenditures related to labor and materials to plant apple trees until they become commercially productive are capitalized, which require a 2-year period. The estimated production life for apple tree is 10 years, and the costs are amortized without a residual value. Expenses incurred maintaining apple trees during the growth cycle until seedling apple trees or grafted varieties are fruited are capitalized into inventory and included in Work in process—apple orchard, a component of inventories.

 

Amortized expenses pertaining to apple orchard are included in inventory costs for those apples to be sold and ultimately become a component of cost of goods sold. Similar to other assets, the failure of our apple orchard to be serviceable over the entirety of their anticipated useful lives or to be sold at their anticipated residual value will negatively impact our operating results.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Pursuant to the guidance of ASC Topic 606, the Company recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company recognizes revenues from the sale of its fertilizer products and fertilizer manufacturing equipment upon shipment and transfer of title.

 

 27 

 

 

Sales revenue represents the invoiced value of goods, net of value-added tax, or VAT. Our products sold and services provided in China are subject to VAT of 13% of gross sales price before May 1, 2018.The VAT rate changed to 11% from May 1, 2018 according to the announcement of National Tax Bureau dated April 4, 2018. This VAT may be offset by VAT paid by us on raw materials and other materials included in the cost of producing the finished product. We recorded VAT payable and VAT receivable net of payments in the financial statements. The VAT tax return is filed offsetting the payables against the receivables.  

 

Rent Income

 

Pursuant to the guidance of ASC Topic 840, rent shall be reported as income by lessors over the lease term as it becomes receivable. The Company currently leased all the building of the plants and the Land use right in Shanghai City to third parties as warehouse and workplace. The Company recognizes building and land use right leasing income over the beneficial period described by the agreement, as the income is realized or realizable and earned.

 

The related rent expense mainly represents the depreciation expense of the buildings and land use right.

 

The rent income, net off the rent expense, was presented as other income in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

  

Income Taxes

 

We account for income taxes in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes.” We compute our provision for income taxes based on the statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available to us in the PRC. Significant judgment is required in evaluating our tax positions and determining our annual tax position.

  

New Accounting Standards

 

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) issued guidance, which simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment. The updated guidance eliminates Step 2 of the impairment test, which requires entities to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance, which amended the existing accounting standards for business combinations. The amendments clarify the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses.

 

In August 2017, the FASB issued guidance, which amends the existing accounting standards for derivatives and hedging. The amendment improves the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better represent the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements and made certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current U.S. GAAP.

 

The Company believes that there were no other accounting standards recently issued that had or are expected to have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations.

 

Results of Operations

 

We are principally engaged in the organic fertilizer manufacture and distribution business in the PRC.

 

Currently, about 94% of our revenue is derived from our organic fertilizer business. In 2017, we started promoting our powdery organic fertilizer more aggressively as it was easier to be absorbed by soil and plants, compared with the granular organic fertilizer. As a result, powdery organic fertilizer sales accounted for a majority of our organic fertilizer sales.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Management also started to develop the sales of agricultural products (food). Sales from agricultural products (food) accounted for around 6% of our total sales currently.

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we received capital contribution of approximately $2.7 million from our shareholder. We also generated a significant net income instead of suffering a loss. All of which improved the Company’s financial position significantly as of September 30, 2018. We expected to generate net income in a larger amount in the near future.

  

 28 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

   For the Three Months Ended September 30,         
   2018    2017    Fluctuation    
   $    $    $  % 
Revenues-fertilizer   2,628,217     112,799     2,515,418   2230%
Revenues-agricutural products   435,592     -     435,592    N/A 
Subtoal of revenue   3,063,809     112,799     2,951,010   2616%
Cost-fertilizer   1,963,731     54,007     1,909,724   3536%
Cost- agricultural products    416,833      -     416,833    N/A 
Subtotal of cost   2,380,564     54,007     2,326,557   4308%
Gross profit   683,245      58,792     624,453   1062%
Gross margin   22%    52%              
Operating expenses:                          
General and administrative expenses   413,731     511,305     (97,574)  (19)%
Selling expenses   179,381     12,724     166,657   1310%
Total operating expenses   593,112     524,029      69,083   13%
Income(loss) from operations   90,133     (465,237)    555,370   (119)%
Other income (expense):                          
Interest expense   (102,331)    (134,236)    31,905    (24)%
Subsidy income   (49)          (49)  N/A 
Rent net income   21,155     -     21,155   N/A 
Other income (expense), net   172,722     33,686     139,036    413%
Total other income (expense)   91,497     (100,550)    192,047    (191)%
Income before income taxes   181,630     (565,787)    747,417    (132)%
Income taxes   -     260     (260)  (100)%
Net income (loss)   181,630     (566,047)    747,157    (132)%

 

Revenue. Total revenue for organic fertilizer increased from $112,799 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to $2,628,217 for the same period in 2018, which represented an increase of $2,515,418, or approximately 22 times. The significant increase in revenue was mainly due to a larger demand for our organic fertilizer products from large scale agricultural companies and farmer professional cooperatives for the three months ended September 30, 2018. We have developed more customers, such as Huizhou Sijilv Agricultural Products Co., Ltd., that are buying a large quantity of our products. We are continuing to obtain more stable customers in 2018.

 

We also began selling high quality agriculture foods in the quarter ended September 30, 2018, and expect to increase the sales in the near future.

 

 29 

 

 

Cost of sales. Cost of sales for organic fertilizer increased from $54,007 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to $1,963,731 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, which represented an increase of approximately $1,909,724, or 35 times. The significant increase in cost of sales was in line with the significant increase in our revenue from fertilizer sales for the same period. Total cost of goods sold increased from $54,007 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to $2,380,564 for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Gross Profit (loss). The gross profit for organic fertilizer increased significantly from $58,792 for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to gross profit of $664,486 for the three months ended September 30, 2018. The gross margin decreased from 52% for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to 25% for the three months ended September 30, 2018. The decrease in margin was due to am adjustment of depreciation in the third quarter of 2018. We turned to sell powdery organic fertilizer instead of granular organic fertilizer for the three months ended September 30, 2018. We expect to maintain the gross margin around 40% in the near future.

 

The gross profit for agriculture products was $18,759, and gross margin turned to be around 4% for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Expenses. We incurred $179,381 in selling expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $12,724 for the three months ended September 30, 2017. We incurred $413,731 in general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 31, 2018, compared to $511,305 for the three months ended September 30, 2017. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $69,083, or 13% for the three months ended September 30, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. Our selling expenses increased by $166,657 and our general and administrative expenses decreased by $97,574. The increase in our selling expenses was mainly due to the increase in salaries expense, travelling expense, etc., for selling department. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was due to the improvement in management efficiency. However we expect to increase our general and administrative expense for the next quarter, as our sales continued to grow.

 

Interest income (expense). We incurred $102,331 in interest expense during the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared with interest expense of $134,236 for the three months ended September 30, 2017.

  

Net Income (loss). Our net income was $181,630 for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared with net loss of $566,047 for the three months ended September 30, 2017. We ceased to incur losses and began to turn a profit because we increased our revenue and gross profit significantly for the three months ended September 30, 2018.

  

 30 

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017

 

   For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,
          
   2018   2017    Fluctuation     
   $   $    $   % 
Revenues-fertilizer   9,214,666    266,934     8,947,732    3352%
Revenues-agricutural products     604,616    -     604,616    N/A 
Subtoal of revenue   9,819,282    266,934     9,552,348    3579%
Cost-fertilizer     5,431,456    177,272     5,254,184    2964%
Cost- agricultural products     574,915    -     574,915    N/A 
Subtotal of cost   6,006,371    177,272     5,829,099    3288%
Gross profit   3,812,911    89,662     3,723,249    4153%
Gross margin     39%   34%               
Operating expenses:                               
General and administrative expenses   1,085,225    1,187,682     (102,457)   (9)%
Selling expenses     343,783    83,265     260,518    313%
Total operating expenses     1,429,008    1,270,947     158,061    12%
Income(loss) from operations   2,383,903    (1,181,285)    3,565,188    (302)%
Other income (expense):                               
Interest expense     (326,400)    (387,292)    60,892    (16)%
Subsidy income     0    -     0    N/A 
Rent net income     169,678    0     169,678    N/A 
Other income (expense), net     149,502    90,923     58,579    64%
Total other income (expense)   (7,220)   (296,369)    289,149    (98)%
Income before income taxes   2,376,683    (1,477,654)    3,854,337    (261)%
Income taxes     -    26,145     (26,145)   (100)%
Net income (loss)   2,376,683    (1,503,799)    3,828,192    (255)%

  

Revenue. Revenue for organic fertilizer increased from $266,934 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to $9,214,666 for the same period in 2018, which represented an increase of $8,947,732, or approximately 34 times. The significant increase in revenue was mainly due to a larger demand for our organic fertilizer products from large scale agricultural companies and farmer professional cooperatives for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. We developed more customers, such as Huizhou Sijilv Agricultural Products Co., Ltd., that are buying a large quantity of our products. We are continuing to obtain more stable customers in 2018.

 

We also started to sell high quality agriculture foods for the three quarters ended September 30, 2018, and expect to increase the sales of this business segment significantly in the near future.

 

Cost of sales. Cost of sales for organic fertilizer increased from $177,272 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to $5,431,456 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, which represented an increase of approximately $5,254,184, or 30 times. The significant increase in cost of sales was in line with the significant increase in our revenue from fertilizer sales for the same period. Total cost of goods sold increased from $177,272 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to $6,006,371 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

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Gross Profit (loss). The gross profit for organic fertilizer increased significantly from $89,662 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to gross profit of $3,783,210 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The gross margin increased from 34% for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to 39% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The gross margin of 39% represents our normal operation result of sales to final customers. The significant increase in gross margin was mainly due to a small quantity of depreciation for some idle equipment was recorded as the cost of goods sales unavoidably for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. We turned to sell powdery organic fertilizer instead of granular organic fertilizer for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, as powdery organic fertilizer has a higher gross margin than granular organic fertilizer. We expect to maintain the gross margin around 40% in the near future.

 

The gross profit for agriculture foods was $29,701, and gross margin turned to be around 5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Expenses. We incurred $343,783 in selling expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $83,265 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. We incurred $1,085,225 in general and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 31, 2018, compared to $1,187,682 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $158,061, or 12% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 as compared to the same period in 2017. Our selling expenses increased by $260,518 and our general and administrative expenses decreased by $102,457. The increase in our selling expenses was mainly due to the increase in salaries expense, travelling expense, etc., for selling department. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was due to the improvement in management efficiency. However we expect to increase our general and administrative expense for the next quarter, as our sales continued to grow.

 

Interest income (expense). We incurred $326,400 in interest expense during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared with interest expense of $387,292 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

  

Net Income (loss). Our net income was $2,376,683 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared with net loss of $1,503,799 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. We ceased to incur losses and began to turn a profit because we increased our revenue and gross profit significantly for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 our working capital deficit was $5,951,884 and $10,708,100, respectively, mainly reflecting increases in our current assets, including $2,670,968 increase in account receivable and $1,642,095 in prepaid expenses, with a decrease in our current liabilities such as due to related party.

 

We have financed our operations over the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 primarily through proceeds from stock issuance and advances from related parties, and cash from borrowings under our lines of credit with various lenders and related parties in the PRC.

 

The components of cash flows are discussed below: 

 

   For the Nine Months Ended 
   September 30, 
   2018   2017 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities  $1,783,516   $(937,424)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   (1,872,245)   1,264,488 
Net cash used in financing activities   123,726    (315,099)
Exchange rate effect on cash   (2,273)   (57)
Net cash inflow (outflow)  $32,724   $11,908 

  

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Cash Used in Operating Activities

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $1,783,516 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The net cash inflow consisted primarily of net income of $2,376,683 which was adjusted by depreciation and amortization of $1,128,807. The Company had an increase of $331,266 in other payable, an increase of $220,759 in our advance from customers, an increase of $948,810 in account payable, and a decrease of $152,078 in prepaid expenses, which were offset by an increase of $2,835,455 in accounts receivable, an increase of $116,987 in inventory, and an increase of $39,321 in advance to suppliers.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $937,424 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. Cash used in operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 consisted primarily of net loss of $1,503,799 which was adjusted by depreciation and amortization of $575,139, bad debt expense of $22,115. The Company had a decrease of $333,558 in account receivable, a decrease of $61,739 in our inventories, a decrease of $126,898 in prepaid expense, an increase of $862,992 in other payable which were offset by a decrease of $1,409,172 in accounts payable and accrued payables, and an increase of $5,539 in advances to suppliers.

  

Cash Provided by (used in) Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $1,872,245 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The activities consisted of purchase of plant and equipment of $2,516, purchase of biological assets of $366,151 and investment in construction in progress of $1,503,578.

 

Net cash provided by investing activities was $1,264,488 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The activities primarily consisted of purchase of biological assets of $137,820, offset by the proceeds from our related party of $1,403,043 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

 

Cash Used in Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $123,726 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. During the period, cash provided by financing activities consisted of the repayment to related parties of $4,611,317, repayment of short term loan of $766,109, and offset by proceeds from stock issuance of $2,676,651, and proceeds from notes payable of $2,824,501. 

 

Net cash used in financing activities was $315,099 for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. During the period, cash used in financing activities consisted of the capital borrowing of $708,303 offset by repayment of $1,023,402 for short term borrowing.

 

We anticipate that our current cash reserves plus cash from our operating activities will not be sufficient to meet our ongoing obligations and fund our operations for the next twelve months. As a result, we will need to seek additional funding in the near future. We currently do not have a specific plan of how we will obtain such funding; however, we anticipate that additional funding will be in the form of capital contribution from our current shareholders, equity financing from the sale of shares of our common stock or renewing our current obligations with loaners. We may also seek to obtain short-term loans from our directors or unrelated parties. Additional funding may not be available, or at acceptable terms, to us at this time. If we are unable to obtain additional financing, we may be required to reduce the scope of our business development activities, which could harm our business plans, financial condition and operating results.  

 

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Contractual Commitments and Commitments for Capital Expenditure

 

Contractual Commitments

 

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations at September 30, 2018 and the effect those obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods.

 

   Payments Due by Period as of September 30, 2018 
   Total   Less than
1 Year
   1 – 3
Years
   3 – 5
Years
   Over
5 Years
 
Contractual obligations                    
Loans  $9,852,556   $4,369,038   $5,483,518   $    -   $- 
Others   -    -    -    -    - 
   $9,852,556   $4,369,038   $5,483,518   $-   $- 

  

Commitments for Capital Expenditure

 

We have invested in a goat slaughterhouse located in Shuangbai County, Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, PRC as of September 30, 2018. We expect to outlay additional capital to complete the slaughterhouse in 2019.

 

Off Balance Sheet Items

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that we are required to disclose pursuant to these regulations. In the ordinary course of business, we enter into operating lease commitments, purchase commitments and other contractual obligations. These transactions are recognized in our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Not applicable because we are a smaller reporting company.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”), the Company carried out an evaluation, with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) (the Company’s principal financial and accounting officer), of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s CEO and CFO concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are not effective as of September 30, 2018 to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s CEO and CFO, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure for the reason described below.

 

Because of our limited operations, we have limited number of employees which prohibits a segregation of duties. In addition, we lack a formal audit committee with a financial expert. As we grow and expand our operations we will engage additional employees and experts as needed. However, there can be no assurance that our operations will expand.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, there has been no change in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting. We will continue to monitor the deficiencies identified in internal controls and make changes that our management deems necessary.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

 

There are no other actions, suits, proceedings, inquiries or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our company or any of our subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting our company, our common stock, any of our subsidiaries or of our companies or our subsidiaries’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect. 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Not applicable because we are a smaller reporting company. 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

There were no unregistered sales of the Company’s equity securities during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, that were not otherwise disclosed in a Current Report on Form 8-K.  

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

There has been no default in the payment of principal, interest, sinking or purchase fund installment, or any other material default, with respect to any indebtedness of the Company. 

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information. 

 

There is no other information required to be disclosed under this item which was not previously disclosed.

  

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
     
31.1   Certifications of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1+   Certifications of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2+   Certifications of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

 

+ In accordance with the SEC Release 33-8238, deemed being furnished and not filed.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. 

 

Date: November 19, 2018 MULLAN AGRITECH, INC.
     
  By: /s/ Lirong Wang
  Name: Lirong Wang
  Title: Chief Executive Officer and
Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer, and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

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