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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 29, 2018

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                     to                    

Commission file number: 0-18914

 

Dorman Products, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

23-2078856

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification No.)

 

 

 

3400 East Walnut Street, Colmar, Pennsylvania

 

18915

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(215) 997-1800

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.      Yes      No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).      Yes      No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).      Yes      No

As of October 26, 2018, the registrant had 33,046,291 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.


 

DORMAN PRODUCTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX TO QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

September 29, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

Page

Part I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thirteen Weeks Ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

Part II — OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Other Information

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit Index

 

22

 

 

 

Signatures

 

23

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DORMAN PRODUCTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Thirteen Weeks Ended

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

Net sales

 

$

247,954

 

 

$

224,615

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

152,957

 

 

 

136,489

 

Gross profit

 

 

94,997

 

 

 

88,126

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

51,264

 

 

 

45,336

 

Income from operations

 

 

43,733

 

 

 

42,790

 

Other income, net

 

 

61

 

 

 

168

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

43,794

 

 

 

42,958

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

9,777

 

 

 

15,950

 

Net income

 

$

34,017

 

 

$

27,008

 

Earnings Per Share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

1.03

 

 

$

0.80

 

Diluted

 

$

1.03

 

 

$

0.80

 

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

32,985

 

 

 

33,822

 

Diluted

 

 

33,095

 

 

 

33,909

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

3


DORMAN PRODUCTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

Net sales

 

$

713,363

 

 

$

675,502

 

Cost of goods sold

 

 

437,029

 

 

 

407,781

 

Gross profit

 

 

276,334

 

 

 

267,721

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

149,828

 

 

 

134,890

 

Income from operations

 

 

126,506

 

 

 

132,831

 

Other income, net

 

 

286

 

 

 

472

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

126,792

 

 

 

133,303

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

27,789

 

 

 

48,671

 

Net income

 

$

99,003

 

 

$

84,632

 

Earnings Per Share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

2.98

 

 

$

2.48

 

Diluted

 

$

2.98

 

 

$

2.47

 

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

33,177

 

 

 

34,111

 

Diluted

 

 

33,267

 

 

 

34,202

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 


4


DORMAN PRODUCTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

 

(in thousands, except for share data)

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

December 30, 2017

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

53,113

 

 

$

71,691

 

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts and customer

   credits of $99,847 and $97,193

 

 

301,049

 

 

 

241,880

 

Inventories

 

 

239,957

 

 

 

212,149

 

Prepaids and other current assets

 

 

7,838

 

 

 

7,129

 

Total current assets

 

 

601,957

 

 

 

532,849

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

96,794

 

 

 

92,692

 

Goodwill

 

 

80,065

 

 

 

65,999

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

20,707

 

 

 

22,158

 

Deferred tax asset, net

 

 

4,297

 

 

 

7,884

 

Other assets

 

 

45,242

 

 

 

44,342

 

Total

 

$

849,062

 

 

$

765,924

 

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

97,937

 

 

$

80,218

 

Accrued compensation

 

 

11,859

 

 

 

12,162

 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

18,063

 

 

 

18,401

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

127,859

 

 

 

110,781

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

13,840

 

 

 

13,732

 

Deferred tax liabilities, net

 

 

5,410

 

 

 

6,604

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.01; authorized 50,000,000 shares; issued and

   outstanding 33,139,997 and 33,571,524 in 2018 and 2017, respectively

 

 

331

 

 

 

336

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

47,314

 

 

 

44,812

 

Retained earnings

 

 

654,308

 

 

 

589,659

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

701,953

 

 

 

634,807

 

Total

 

$

849,062

 

 

$

765,924

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

5


DORMAN PRODUCTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended

 

(in thousands)

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

99,003

 

 

$

84,632

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation, amortization and accretion

 

 

19,673

 

 

 

15,968

 

Provision for doubtful accounts

 

 

(586

)

 

 

225

 

Provision (benefit) for deferred income taxes

 

 

3,584

 

 

 

(3,998

)

Provision for non-cash stock compensation

 

 

3,129

 

 

 

2,282

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(56,484

)

 

 

(793

)

Inventories

 

 

(16,146

)

 

 

(30,990

)

Prepaids and other current assets

 

 

(2,071

)

 

 

(1,232

)

Other assets

 

 

(261

)

 

 

(5,644

)

Accounts payable

 

 

15,262

 

 

 

310

 

Accrued compensation and other liabilities

 

 

110

 

 

 

(1,398

)

Cash provided by operating activities

 

 

65,213

 

 

 

59,362

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 

 

(28,040

)

 

 

(3,128

)

Property, plant and equipment additions

 

 

(18,099

)

 

 

(17,436

)

Purchase of investments

 

 

-

 

 

 

(10,000

)

Cash used in investing activities

 

 

(46,139

)

 

 

(30,564

)

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contingent consideration

 

 

(2,036

)

 

 

-

 

Other stock related activity

 

 

(364

)

 

 

(997

)

Purchase and cancellation of common stock

 

 

(35,224

)

 

 

(60,133

)

Cash used in financing activities

 

 

(37,624

)

 

 

(61,130

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

(28

)

 

 

-

 

Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

 

(18,578

)

 

 

(32,332

)

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period

 

 

71,691

 

 

 

149,121

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period

 

$

53,113

 

 

$

116,789

 

Supplemental Cash Flow Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest expense

 

$

191

 

 

$

218

 

Cash paid for income taxes

 

$

21,722

 

 

$

55,713

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 

6


DORMAN PRODUCTS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE THIRTY-NINE WEEKS ENDED SEPTEMBER 29, 2018 AND SEPTEMBER 30, 2017

(UNAUDITED)

1.

Basis of Presentation

As used herein, unless the context otherwise requires, “Dorman”, the “Company”, “we”, “us”, or “our” refers to Dorman Products, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Our ticker symbol on the NASDAQ Global Select Market is “DORM”.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. for interim financial information and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). However, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 29, 2018. We may experience significant fluctuations from quarter to quarter in our results of operations due to the timing of orders placed by our customers. The introduction of new products and product lines to customers may cause significant fluctuations from quarter to quarter. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2017.

2.

Business Acquisitions and Investments

On August 31, 2018, we acquired 100% of the outstanding stock of Flight Systems Automotive Group LLC (“Flight Systems” or “Flight”), a privately-held manufacturer and remanufacturer of complex automotive electronics and diesel fuel system components, based in Lewisberry, Pennsylvania. We paid $27.5 million in cash which is subject to customary purchase price adjustments. In connection with this acquisition, we preliminary recorded $13.3 million in goodwill and $14.2 million of other net assets, primarily $2.0 million of accounts receivables, $11.6 million of inventory, and $0.6 million of net other assets and liabilities. We expect that, upon completion of our valuation, we will recognize intangible assets with an offsetting reduction in the preliminary goodwill that was recognized as of September 29, 2018. The purchase price allocation is preliminary and subject to adjustment as we complete our assessment of the fair values of acquired assets and assumed liabilities. We believe that the goodwill and intangible assets resulting from the acquisition will be deductible for tax purposes. The financial results of the acquisition have been included in the Consolidated Financial Statements since the date of acquisition. Flight generated $1.7 million of net sales and an immaterial amount of net income since the date of acquisition. We believe complex electronics and diesel fuel system components represent important growth opportunities for us and Flight’s product portfolio delivers valuable alternatives to aftermarket professionals.

On October 26, 2017, we acquired 100% of the outstanding stock of MAS Automotive Distribution Inc. (“MAS Industries” or “MAS”), a privately-held manufacturer of premium chassis and control arms based in Montreal, Canada. The purchase price was $67.2 million net of $3.3 million of cash acquired and including contingent consideration at fair value and other purchase price adjustments.  

We believe MAS is complementary to our business and growth strategy. We see opportunities to leverage MAS’ existing presence in the automotive aftermarket, as well as our product development capabilities and financial resources to accelerate the growth of MAS’ premium chassis and control arm products.

We have included the results of MAS in our Consolidated Financial Statements since the acquisition date of October 26, 2017. The Consolidated Statement of Operations for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 includes $30.0 million of net sales and an immaterial amount of net income related to MAS. The Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 reflects the acquisition of MAS Industries, effective October 26, 2017.

The following table summarizes the fair value of the total consideration related to MAS:

(in thousands)

 

Total Acquisition Date Fair Value

 

Cash consideration (net of $3.3 million cash acquired)

 

$

56,859

 

Contingent cash consideration

 

 

7,982

 

Seller liability assumed

 

 

896

 

Working capital adjustment

 

 

1,486

 

Total consideration assigned to net assets acquired

 

$

67,223

 

Included in the table above is $8.0 million of estimated contingent payments which represents the fair value of the estimated payments which will become due if certain sales thresholds are achieved through December 2020. The fair value of the contingent cash consideration was estimated by using an option pricing model framework, which represents our own assumptions and data, and is based on our best available information. As of September 29, 2018, we had $8.2 million recorded which includes $0.2 million of accretion which was included in Selling, General and Administrative expenses for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018, related to this payment. The maximum contingent payment would be $11.7 million. Additionally, during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018, we finalized working capital and other

7


purchase price adjustments based on the MAS standalone audited 2017 financial statements, resulting in a payment to the former shareholder of $1.5 million. This amount had previously been accrued on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.

The transaction was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. Accordingly, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded at fair value, with the remaining purchase price recorded as goodwill. The following table summarizes the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of October 26, 2017:

 

(in thousands)

 

October 26, 2017

(As initially reported)

 

 

Measurement period adjustments

 

 

October 26, 2017

(As adjusted)

 

Current assets (net of $3.3 million cash acquired)

 

$

21,756

 

 

$

90

 

 

$

21,846

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

1,615

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,615

 

Intangible assets

 

 

20,440

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

20,440

 

Goodwill

 

 

35,624

 

 

 

(193

)

 

 

35,431

 

     Total assets acquired

 

 

79,435

 

 

 

(103

)

 

 

79,332

 

Current liabilities

 

 

5,691

 

 

 

(50

)

 

 

5,641

 

Long-term liabilities

 

 

6,468

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

6,468

 

     Total liabilities assumed

 

 

12,159

 

 

 

(50

)

 

 

12,109

 

Net assets acquired

 

$

67,276

 

 

$

(53

)

 

$

67,223

 

 

Our measurement period adjustments for MAS were complete as of September 29, 2018.  

The valuation of the intangible assets acquired and related amortization periods are as follows:

(in thousands)

 

Valuation

 

 

Amortization Period (in years)

Customer relationships

 

$

14,840

 

 

8-12

Tradenames

 

 

5,600

 

 

15

     Total

 

$

20,440

 

 

 

The fair values of the Customer Relationships and Tradenames were estimated using a discounted present value income approach.  Under this method, an intangible asset’s fair value is equal to the present value of the incremental after-tax cash flows (excess earnings) attributable solely to the intangible asset over its remaining useful life. To calculate fair value, we used cash flows discounted at rates ranging from 15% to 17%, which were considered appropriate given the inherent risk associated with each type of asset. We believe that the level and timing of cash flows appropriately reflect market participant assumptions.

The goodwill recognized is attributable primarily to strategic and synergistic opportunities related to existing automotive aftermarket businesses, the assembled workforce of MAS and other factors. The goodwill is expected to be deductible for tax purposes.

Pro Forma Financial Information (Unaudited)

The unaudited pro forma information for the periods set forth below give effect to the MAS acquisition as if it occurred as of December 27, 2015, the start of our 2016 fiscal year. The pro forma information is presented for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the results of the operations that actually would have been achieved had the acquisition been consummated as of that time:

 

 

 

Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended

 

(in thousands)

 

September 30, 2017

 

Net sales

 

$

702,811

 

Net income

 

$

85,307

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

2.49

 

 

The unaudited pro forma net income for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 30, 2017 was adjusted to include amortization of intangible assets, accretion for contingent consideration liabilities and to exclude financing costs of MAS which we do not believe would have occurred.

3.

Sales of Accounts Receivable

We have entered into several customer sponsored programs administered by unrelated financial institutions that permit us to sell certain accounts receivable at discounted rates to the financial institutions. Transactions under these agreements were accounted for as sales of accounts receivable and were removed from our Consolidated Balance Sheet at the time of the sales transactions. Pursuant to these agreements, we sold $438.6 million and $442.5 million of accounts receivable during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively. If receivables had not been sold, $333.6 million and $380.8 million of additional accounts receivable would have been outstanding at September 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017, respectively, based on standard payment terms. Selling, general and administrative expenses for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017 included $10.0 million and $8.4 million, respectively, in financing costs associated with these accounts receivable sales programs.

8


4.

Inventories

Inventories include the cost of material, freight, direct labor and overhead utilized in the processing of our products, and are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Inventories were as follows:

 

(in thousands)

 

September 29,

2018

 

 

December 30,

2017

 

Bulk product

 

$

93,142

 

 

$

82,010

 

Finished product

 

 

143,118

 

 

 

126,827

 

Packaging materials

 

 

3,697

 

 

 

3,312

 

Total

 

$

239,957

 

 

$

212,149

 

 

 

5.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill

Goodwill included the following:

(in thousands)

 

September 29,

2018

 

 

December 30,

2017

 

Balance at beginning of period

 

$

65,999

 

 

$

28,146

 

Goodwill acquired

 

 

14,368

 

 

 

37,853

 

Measurement period adjustments

 

 

(302

)

 

 

-

 

Balance at end of period

 

$

80,065

 

 

$

65,999

 

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets included the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

December 30, 2017

 

(in thousands)

 

Weighted Average Amortization Period

 

 

Gross Carrying Value

 

 

Accumulated Amortization

 

 

Net Carrying Value

 

 

Gross Carrying Value

 

 

Accumulated Amortization

 

 

Net Carrying Value

 

Intangible assets subject to amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Tradenames

 

 

14.1

 

 

$

5,600

 

 

$

373

 

 

$

5,227

 

 

$

5,600

 

 

$

62

 

 

$

5,538

 

   Customer relationships

 

 

9.5

 

 

 

17,049

 

 

 

1,893

 

 

 

15,156

 

 

 

17,049

 

 

 

772

 

 

 

16,277

 

   Technology

 

 

13.3

 

 

 

367

 

 

 

43

 

 

 

324

 

 

 

367

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

343

 

   Total

 

 

 

 

 

$

23,016

 

 

$

2,309

 

 

$

20,707

 

 

$

23,016

 

 

$

858

 

 

$

22,158

 

Amortization expense was $1.6 million and less than $0.1 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively.

 

6.

Revenue Recognition

 

The FASB issued an accounting standard update in May 2014 regarding the accounting for and disclosure of revenue. Specifically, the update outlined a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers, which is common to both U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards.  

 

Our primary source of revenue is from contracts with and purchase orders from customers. Revenue is recognized from product sales when goods are shipped, title and risk of loss and control have been transferred to the customer, and collection is reasonably assured. We estimate the transaction price at the inception of a contract or upon fulfilling a purchase order, including any variable consideration, and will update the estimate for changes in circumstances. We utilize the most likely amount method consistently to estimate the effect of uncertainty on the amount of variable consideration to which we would be entitled. The most likely amount method considers the single most likely amount from a range of possible consideration amounts. This method is utilized for all of our variable consideration.  

 

We record estimates for cash discounts, product returns, promotional rebates, core return deposits and other discounts in the period the related product revenue is recognized (“Customer Credits”). The provision for Customer Credits is recorded as a reduction from gross sales and reserves for Customer Credits are shown as a reduction of accounts receivable. Accrued customer rebates which we expect to settle in cash are classified as other accrued liabilities. Actual Customer Credits have not differed materially from estimated amounts for each period presented.  Amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling are included in net sales. Costs associated with shipping and handling are included in cost of goods sold. We have concluded that our estimates of variable consideration are not constrained according to the definition of the new standard.  

 

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All of our revenue was recognized under the point of time approach in accordance with the revenue standard during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively. Also, we do not have significant financing arrangements with our customers, as our credit terms are all less than one year. Lastly, we do not receive noncash consideration (such as materials or equipment) from our customers to facilitate the fulfillment of our contracts.  

 

Five-step model

 

We apply the FASB’s guidance on revenue recognition, which requires us to recognize the amount of revenue and consideration which we expect to receive in exchange for goods or services transferred to our customers. To do this, we apply the five-step model prescribed by the FASB, which requires us to: (i) identify the contract with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when, or as, we satisfy a performance obligation.

 

Contract Assets and Liabilities  

 

We recognize a receivable or contract asset when we perform a service or transfer a good in advance of receiving consideration.  

- A receivable is recorded when our right to consideration is unconditional and only the passage of time is required before payment of that consideration is due.

 

- A contract asset is recorded when our right to consideration in exchange for goods or services that we have transferred to a customer is conditional on something other than the passage of time. We did not have any contract assets recorded as of September 29, 2018 or December 30, 2017.

 

We recognize a contract liability when we receive consideration, or if we have the unconditional right to receive consideration, in advance of satisfying the performance obligation. A contract liability is our obligation to transfer goods or services to a customer for which we have received consideration, or an amount of consideration is due from the customer. We did not have any contract liabilities recorded as of September 29, 2018 or December 30, 2017.

 

Disaggregated Revenue

 

The following tables present our disaggregated net sales by Type of Major Good / Product Line, and Geography.  

 

 

 

Thirteen Weeks Ended

 

 

Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended

 

(in thousands)

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

Powertrain

 

$

100,994

 

 

$

94,177

 

 

$

295,363

 

 

$

284,393

 

Chassis

 

 

69,214

 

 

 

57,281

 

 

 

206,483

 

 

 

173,498

 

Automotive Body

 

 

67,000

 

 

 

62,791

 

 

 

179,539

 

 

 

185,804

 

Hardware

 

 

10,746

 

 

 

10,366

 

 

 

31,978

 

 

 

31,807

 

Net Sales

 

$

247,954

 

 

$

224,615

 

 

$

713,363

 

 

$

675,502

 

 

 

 

Thirteen Weeks Ended

 

 

Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended

 

(in thousands)

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

Net Sales to U.S. Customers

 

$

229,761

 

 

$

210,347

 

 

$

663,212

 

 

$

634,422

 

Net Sales to Non-U.S. Customers

 

 

18,193

 

 

 

14,268

 

 

 

50,151

 

 

 

41,080

 

Net Sales

 

$

247,954

 

 

$

224,615

 

 

$

713,363

 

 

$

675,502

 

 

 

7.

Stock-Based Compensation

On May 16, 2018, our shareholders approved our 2018 Stock Option and Stock Incentive Plan (the “2018 Plan” or the “Plan”), which supersedes our 2008 Stock Option and Stock Incentive Plan. All future stock compensation grants will be issued under the 2018 Plan. Under the terms of the Plan, our Board of Directors may grant up to 1,200,000 shares of common stock in the form of shares of restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights and stock options or combinations thereof to officers, directors, employees, important consultants and advisors. Grants under the Plan must be made within ten years of the date the Plan was approved. Stock options are exercisable upon the terms set forth in each grant agreement approved by the Board of Directors, but in no event more than ten years from the date of grant. Restricted stock and restricted stock units vest in accordance with the terms set forth in each applicable award agreement approved by our Board of Directors. At September 29, 2018, 1,184,305 shares were available for grant under the 2018 Plan.

Restricted Stock

We grant restricted stock to certain employees and members of our Board of Directors. The value of restricted stock issued is based on the fair value of our common stock on the grant date. Vesting of restricted stock is conditional based on continued employment or service for a specified period and, in certain circumstances, the attainment of financial goals. We retain the restricted stock, and any dividends paid thereon, until the vesting conditions have been met. For awards with a service condition only, compensation cost related to the stock is recognized on a

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straight-line basis over the vesting period. For awards that have a service condition and require the attainment of financial goals, compensation cost related to the stock is calculated based upon the probable outcome of the performance conditions on the date of grant and is recognized over the performance period. Compensation cost related to restricted stock was $2.5 million and $2.1 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively.

The following table summarizes our restricted stock activity for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018:

 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted

Average

Price

 

Balance at December 30, 2017

 

 

153,727

 

 

$

59.96

 

Granted

 

 

80,872

 

 

$

72.19

 

Vested

 

 

(38,631

)

 

$

61.07

 

Cancelled

 

 

(6,237

)

 

$

75.59

 

Balance at September 29, 2018

 

 

189,731

 

 

$

64.43

 

 

As of September 29, 2018, there was $5.2 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested restricted stock, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.3 years.

Cash flows resulting from tax deductions in excess of the tax effect of compensation cost recognized in the financial statements are classified as operating cash flows. The excess tax benefit generated from restricted shares which vested in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 was less than $0.1 million and was credited to income tax expense. The excess tax benefit generated from restricted shares which vested in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 30, 2017 was $0.3 million and was credited to income tax expense.

Stock Options

We grant stock options to certain employees. We expense the grant-date fair value of stock options. Compensation cost is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period for which related services are performed. The compensation cost charged against income was $0.4 million and $0.2 million for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively. The compensation costs were classified as Selling, general and administrative expense in the Consolidated Statements of Income.  No cost was capitalized during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017.

We use the Black-Scholes option valuation model to estimate the fair value of stock options granted. Expected volatility and expected dividend yield are based on the actual historical experience of our common stock. The expected life represents the period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding and was calculated using historical option exercise data. The risk-free rate was based on a U.S. Treasury security with terms equal to the expected time of exercise as of the grant date. During the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017 we granted 69,014 and 58,024 stock options, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following table summarizes our stock option activity for the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018:

 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Term

(In years)

 

 

Aggregate

Intrinsic

Value

 

Balance at December 30, 2017

 

122,547

 

 

$

57.74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

69,014

 

 

$

72.32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

(4,000

)

 

$

5.67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at September 29, 2018

 

187,561

 

 

$

64.21

 

 

 

3.7

 

 

$

2,490,355

 

Options exercisable at September 29, 2018

 

47,079

 

 

$

51.55

 

 

 

2.6

 

 

$

1,220,858

 

 

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   There were 4,000 options exercised during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018. There were 32,000 options exercised in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 30, 2017. As of September 29, 2018, there was $1.6 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.9 years.

There was no cash generated from stock option exercises in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018. The cash received from stock option exercises was $0.1 million in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 30, 2017.

There was no excess tax benefit generated from stock options exercised in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018. There was $0.6 million of excess tax benefit generated from stock option exercises in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 30, 2017 and was credited to income tax expense.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

In May 2017, our shareholders’ approved the Dorman Products, Inc. Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”), which makes available 1,000,000 shares of our common stock for sale to eligible employees. There were 7,382 shares purchased under this plan in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018. During the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018, compensation cost under the Plan was $0.2 million.

8.

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing our net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, excluding nonvested restricted stock which is considered to be contingently issuable. To calculate diluted earnings per share, common share equivalents are added to the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Common share equivalents are calculated using the treasury stock method and are computed based on outstanding stock-based awards. Stock-based awards of 63,000 shares and 47,500 shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as of September 29, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively, as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share:

 

 

Thirteen Weeks Ended

 

 

Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

Numerator

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

34,017

 

 

$

27,008

 

 

$

99,003

 

 

$

84,632

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average basic shares outstanding

 

 

32,985

 

 

 

33,822

 

 

 

33,177

 

 

 

34,111

 

Effect of stock-based compensation awards

 

 

110

 

 

 

87

 

 

 

90

 

 

 

91

 

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding

 

 

33,095

 

 

 

33,909

 

 

 

33,267

 

 

 

34,202

 

Earnings Per Share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

1.03

 

 

$

0.80

 

 

$

2.98

 

 

$

2.48

 

Diluted

 

$

1.03

 

 

$

0.80

 

 

$

2.98

 

 

$

2.47

 

 

 

9.

Common Stock Repurchases

We periodically repurchase, at the then current market price, and cancel common stock issued to the Dorman Products, Inc. 401(k) Retirement Plan and Trust (the “401(k) Plan”). Shares are generally purchased from the 401(k) Plan when participants sell units as permitted by the 401(k) Plan or elect to leave the 401(k) Plan upon retirement, termination or other reasons. For the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018, we repurchased and cancelled 20,160 shares of common stock for $1.5 million at an average price of $73.35 per share. During the fifty-two weeks ended December 30, 2017, we repurchased and cancelled 19,110 shares of common stock for $1.4 million at an average price of $73.34 per share.

Our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $250 million through December 31, 2018. Under this program, share repurchases may be made from time to time depending on market conditions, share price, share availability and other factors at our discretion. The share repurchase program does not obligate us to acquire any specific number of shares. For the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018, we repurchased and cancelled 486,487 shares of common stock for $33.8 million at an average price of $69.41 per share under this program. For the fifty-two weeks ended December 30, 2017, we repurchased and cancelled 1,006,365 shares of common stock for $74.7 million at an average price of $74.26 per share under this program.

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10.

Related-Party Transactions

We have a non-cancelable operating lease for our primary operating facility with a partnership in which Steven L. Berman, our Executive Chairman, and his family members, are partners. Based upon the terms of the lease, payments will be $1.6 million in fiscal 2018 and were $1.6 million in fiscal 2017. This lease will expire on December 31, 2022. In the opinion of our Audit Committee, the terms and rates of this lease are no less favorable than those which could have been obtained from an unaffiliated party when the lease was renewed during November 2016.

Additionally, we have a non-cancelable operating lease for our Canadian operating facility from a corporation of which an employee, who is also the former owner of MAS, and his family members are owners. Based upon the terms of the lease, payments will be $0.5 million in fiscal 2018 and were $0.1 million in fiscal 2017. This lease will expire on January 31, 2019.

We are a partner in a joint venture with one of our suppliers and own minority interests in two other suppliers. Each of these investments is accounted for according to the equity method. In June 2018 we acquired the remaining outstanding shares of a previously unconsolidated entity.  The estimated fair value of the net assets acquired was less than our prior investment in the entity. As a result, we recorded an impairment charge of $1.1 million which is included within Selling, General, and Administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statement of Income during the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018.

11.

Income Taxes

At September 29, 2018, we had $2.5 million of net unrecognized tax benefits, $2.2 million of which would affect our effective tax rate if recognized. We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of September 29, 2018 we had approximately $0.7 million of accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions.

We file income tax returns in the United States, Canada, India, and Mexico. All years before 2015 are closed for federal tax purposes. Tax years before 2013 are closed for the all states in which we file. We filed tax returns in Sweden through 2012 and all years prior to 2010 are closed. It is reasonably possible that audit settlements, the conclusion of current examinations or the expirations of the statute of limitations could impact the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits.

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJA”) was enacted. The TCJA includes a number of changes to existing U.S. tax laws that impact the Company, most notably a reduction of the U.S. corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. The TCJA also provides for acceleration of depreciation for certain assets placed into service after September 27, 2017, as well as prospective changes beginning in 2018, including additional limitations on deductibility of executive compensation and employee meal benefits.

As permitted by SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB No. 118”), the net tax expense recorded in our financial statements for the fourth fiscal quarter of 2017 due to the enactment of the TCJA is considered “provisional” based on reasonable estimates. The net tax expense recorded was $4.4 million. We are continuing to collect and analyze detailed information that could impact this amount, and may record adjustments to refine those estimates during the measurement period defined in SAB No. 118, as additional analysis is completed. No adjustments to the provisional expense related to the enactment of the TCJA were recorded in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018.

12.Fair Value Disclosures

The carrying value of financial instruments such as cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and other current assets and liabilities approximate their fair value based on the short-term nature of these instruments.

13.

New and Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

On December 31, 2017, the beginning of our 2018 fiscal year, we adopted ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. Topic 606 is based on the principle that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Topic 606 also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to fulfill a contract. We adopted the standard on December 31, 2017 using the modified retrospective transaction method and the adoption did not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations and internal controls over financial reporting. See Note 6 for additional information on revenue recognition.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall, which relates to the recognition and measurement of financial assets and liabilities. The new guidance makes targeted improvements to GAAP impacting equity investments (other than those accounted for under the equity method or consolidated), financial liabilities accounted for under the fair value election, and presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments, among other changes. The new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption prohibited other than for certain provisions. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, which replaces existing lease guidance. The ASU is intended to provide enhanced transparency and comparability by requiring lessees to record right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities on the balance sheet. The new guidance will continue to classify leases as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of operations. Additionally, in August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Targeted Improvements to ASC 842,

13


which includes an option to not restate comparative periods in transition and elect to use the effective date of ASC 842 as the date of initial application of transition. The new guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early application permitted. The new standard is required to be applied with a modified retrospective approach. We are evaluating the effect that the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, which includes adoption of practical expedients, review of lease agreements, review of services contracts and other supplier agreements for embedded leases and calculation of transition adjustments.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows: Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which clarifies and provides guidance on eight cash flow classification issues and is intended to reduce existing diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. Adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which eliminates the need to perform a hypothetical purchase price allocation to measure goodwill impairment. ASU 2017-04 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. We are evaluating the new guidance, however, we do not believe the new guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which expands the scope of the current employee share-based payment guidance to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees to substantially aligns the accounting for share-based payments for nonemployees with those made to employees including, the fair value measurement, measurement date and classification of certain awards. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, with early application permitted. We are evaluating the new guidance, however, we do not believe the new guidance will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

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ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward Looking Statements

Certain statements in this document constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Federal Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While forward-looking statements sometimes are presented with numerical specificity, they are based on various assumptions made by management regarding future circumstances over many of which the Company has little or no control. Forward-looking statements may be identified by words including “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” and similar expressions. The Company cautions readers that forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, those relating to future business prospects, revenues, working capital, liquidity, and income, are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that would cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ from forward-looking statements include but are not limited to competition in the automotive aftermarket industry, unfavorable economic conditions, concentration of the Company’s sales and accounts receivable among a small number of customers, the impact of consolidation in the automotive aftermarket industry, foreign currency fluctuations, loss of key suppliers, space limitations on our customer shelves, delay in the development and design of new products, improvements in new vehicle quality, claims of intellectual property infringement, quality problems, loss of third-party transportation providers, unfavorable results of legal proceedings, concentration of ownership, disruption from events beyond the Company’s control, risks associated with conflict minerals, risks associated with cyber-attacks, the imposition of new taxes or duties, the termination or modification of accounts receivable sales agreements, common stock market price volatility, loss of highly qualified Contributors, inability to acquire other businesses or integrate acquisitions successfully, and other risks and factors identified from time to time in the reports the Company files with the SEC.  Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those anticipated, estimated or projected. For additional information concerning factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the information contained in this report, reference is made to the information in “Part I, Item 1A Risk Factors.” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2017. You should not place an undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Such statements speak only as to the date on which they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statement, regardless of future developments or the availability of new information.

Introduction

The following discussion and analysis, as well as other sections in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto of Dorman Products, Inc. and its subsidiaries included in “Item 1. Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2017.

Overview

We believe we are a leading supplier of replacement parts and fasteners for passenger cars, light trucks, and heavy duty trucks in the automotive aftermarket. We distribute and market approximately 216,000 different SKU’s of automotive replacement parts, many of which we design and engineer. These SKU’s are sold under our various brand names, under our customers’ private label brands or in bulk. We believe we are a leading aftermarket supplier of original equipment “dealer exclusive” items. Original equipment “dealer exclusive” parts are those parts which were traditionally available to consumers only from original equipment manufacturers or salvage yards. These parts include, among other parts, intake manifolds, exhaust manifolds, window regulators, radiator fan assemblies, tire pressure monitor sensors, complex electronics modules, and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) coolers.

We generate virtually all of our revenues from customers in the North American automotive aftermarket, primarily in the United States.  Our products are sold primarily through automotive aftermarket retailers; national, regional and local warehouse distributors and specialty markets; and salvage yards. We also distribute automotive replacement parts outside the United States, with sales primarily into Canada, Mexico, Europe, the Middle East, and Australia.

We may experience significant fluctuations from quarter to quarter in our results of operations due to the timing of orders placed by our customers. Generally, the second and third quarters have the highest level of net sales. The introduction of new products and product lines to customers may cause significant fluctuations from quarter to quarter.

We operate on a fifty-two, fifty-three week period ended on the last Saturday of the calendar year. Our 2018 fiscal year will be a fifty-two week period that will end on December 29, 2018. The fiscal year ended December 30, 2017 was a fifty-two week period.

New Product Development

New product development is a critical success factor for us and is our primary vehicle for growth. We have made incremental investments to increase our new product development efforts each year since 2003 in an effort to grow our business and strengthen our relationships with our customers. The investments are primarily in the form of increased product development resources, increased customer and end-user awareness programs and customer service improvements. These investments have enabled us to provide an expanding array of new product offerings and grow revenues at levels that exceed market growth rates. As a result of these investments, we introduced 4,980 new products to our customers and end users in the thirty-nine weeks ended September 29, 2018, including 1,244 “New to the Aftermarket” SKU’s. We introduced 4,079 new products to our customers and end users in the fiscal year ended December 30, 2017, including 1,192 “New to the Aftermarket” SKU’s.  

Our complex electronics program capitalizes on the growing number of electronic components being utilized on today’s Original Equipment platforms. Current production models contain an average of approximately thirty-five electronic modules, with some high-end luxury vehicles containing over one hundred modules. Our complex electronics products are designed and developed in house and extensively tested to ensure consistent performance, and, our product portfolio is focused on further developing Dorman’s leadership position in the category.

15


In 2012, we introduced Dorman Heavy Duty Solutions, a line of products to be marketed for the medium and heavy duty truck aftermarket. We believe that this market provides many of the same opportunities for growth that the automotive aftermarket has provided us over the past several years. Our focus here is on formerly “dealer only” parts similar to the automotive side of the business. We launched the initial program with a limited offering, but have made additional investments in new product development efforts to expand our product offering. We currently have approximately 1,191 SKU’s in this product line. We will continue to invest aggressively in the medium and heavy duty product line.

Acquisitions

Our growth is also impacted by acquisitions. For example, in August of 2018, we acquired Flight Systems Automotive Group LLC (“Flight Systems” or “Flight”). Additionally, in October 2017, we acquired MAS Automotive Distributors, Inc. (“MAS Industries” or “MAS”). We believe Flight and MAS are highly complementary to our business and growth strategy. We may acquire businesses in the future to supplement our financial growth, distribution capabilities, or product development resources.

Economic Factors

Vehicle owners operate their current vehicles longer than they did several years ago. As a result, owners perform necessary repairs and maintenance in order to keep those vehicles well maintained. According to data published by Polk, a division of IHS Automotive, the average age of vehicles was 11.7 years as of January 2017, which is an increase from 11.6 years as of November 2016 despite increasing new car sales.  Additionally, the number of vehicles in operation in the United States continues to increase, growing 2.4% in 2017 to 278.6 million from 272.0 million in 2016. Approximately 48% of vehicles in operation are 11 years old or older. Vehicle scrappage rates have also decreased over the last several years. The number of miles driven is another important statistic that impacts our business. According to the United States Department of Transportation, the number of miles driven has increased each year since 2011 with miles driven having increased 1.3% as of December 2017 as compared to December 2016. Generally, as vehicles are driven more miles, the more likely it is that parts will fail. The combination of the factors above has accounted for a portion of our sales growth.

Competition among our customer base continues to increase. As a result, our customers regularly seek more favorable pricing and product return provisions, and extended payment terms when negotiating with us. We attempt to avoid or minimize these concessions as much as possible, but we have granted pricing concessions, extended customer payment terms and allowed a higher level of product returns in certain cases. These concessions impact our profit levels and may require additional capital to finance the business. We expect our customers to continue to exert pressure on our margins.

Effective September 24th, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) imposed an additional tariff on approximately $200 billion worth of Chinese imports. The tariff will be approximately 10% until December 31, 2018 and will increase to 25% effective January 1, 2019.  The tariffs enacted to date will increase the cost of many products that are manufactured for Dorman in China. We are taking several actions to fully mitigate the impact of the tariffs including, but not limited to, price increases to our customers and cost concessions from our suppliers. We do not anticipate that the tariffs will materially impact gross profit in the fourth quarter of 2018. Although we expect to mitigate the impact of tariffs in fiscal 2019, we expect selling price increases associated with the tariffs to be fully offset by the higher tariffs incurred.

Foreign Currency

Our recent acquisition of MAS increases our exposures to foreign currencies. MAS is headquartered in Montreal, Canada, and its financial transactions occur in both U.S. Dollars and Canadian Dollars. Since our consolidated financial statements are denominated in U.S. Dollars, the assets, liabilities, net sales, and expenses of MAS which are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar must be converted into U.S. Dollars using exchange rates for the current period. As a result, fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may impact our financial results.

In fiscal 2017, approximately 71% of our products were purchased from suppliers in a variety of foreign countries. The products generally are purchased through purchase orders with the purchase price specified in U.S. Dollars. Accordingly, we generally do not have exposure to fluctuations in the relationship between the U.S. Dollar and various foreign currencies between the time of execution of the purchase order and payment for the product. To the extent that the U.S. Dollar changes in value relative to foreign currencies in the future, the price of the product for new purchase orders may change in equivalent U.S. Dollars.

The largest portion of our overseas purchases comes from China. The Chinese Yuan to U.S. Dollar exchange rate has fluctuated over the past several years. Any future changes in the value of the Chinese Yuan relative to the U.S. Dollar may result in a change in the cost of products that we purchase from China. However, the cost of the products we procure is also affected by other factors including raw material availability, labor cost, transportation costs, and other factors.

Impact of Inflation

The overall impact of inflation has not resulted in a significant change in labor costs or the cost of general services utilized.

The cost of many commodities that are used in our products has fluctuated over time resulting in increases and decreases in the cost of our products. In addition, we have periodically experienced increased transportation costs as a result of higher fuel prices, capacity constraints, and other factors. We will attempt to offset cost increases by passing along selling price increases to customers, using alternative suppliers and by sourcing purchases from other countries. However there can be no assurance that we will be successful in these efforts.

16


Results of Operations

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the percentage of net sales represented by certain items in our Consolidated Statements of Income:

 

 

Thirteen Weeks Ended*

 

 

Thirty-Nine Weeks Ended*

 

(in millions)

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

 

September 29, 2018

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

Net sales

 

$

248.0

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

$

224.6

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

$

713.4

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

$

675.5

 

 

 

100.0

%

Cost of goods sold

 

$

153.0

 

 

 

61.7

%

 

$

136.5

 

 

 

60.8

%

 

$

437.0

 

 

 

61.3

%

 

$

407.8

 

 

 

60.4

%

Gross profit

 

$

95.0

 

 

 

38.3

%

 

$

88.1

 

 

 

39.2

%

 

$

276.3

 

 

 

38.7

%

 

$

267.7

 

 

 

39.6

%

Selling, general and administrative

   expenses

 

$

51.3

 

 

 

20.7

%

 

$

45.3

 

 

 

20.2

%

 

$

149.8

 

 

 

21.0

%

 

$

134.9

 

 

 

19.9

%

Income from operations

 

$

43.7

 

 

 

17.6

%

 

$

42.8

 

 

 

19.1

%

 

$

126.5

 

 

 

17.7

%

 

$

132.8

 

 

 

19.7

%

Interest income, net

 

$

0.1

 

 

 

0.0

%

 

$

0.2

 

 

 

0.1

%

 

$

0.3

 

 

 

0.0

%

 

$

0.5

 

 

 

0.0

%

Income before income taxes

 

$

43.8

 

 

 

17.7

%

 

$

43.0

 

 

 

19.1

%

 

$

126.8

 

 

 

17.8

%

 

$

133.3

 

 

 

19.7

%

Provision for income taxes

 

$

9.8

 

 

 

3.9

%

 

$

16.0

 

 

 

7.1

%

 

$

27.8

 

 

 

3.9

%

 

$

48.7

 

 

 

7.2

%

Net income

 

$

34.0