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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - ROSS STORES INCrost-20180804xex322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - ROSS STORES INCrost-20180804xex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - ROSS STORES INCrost-20180804xex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - ROSS STORES INCrost-20180804xex311.htm
EX-15 - EXHIBIT 15 - ROSS STORES INCexhibit15rossq218awareness.htm
EX-10.2 - EXHIBIT 10.2 - ROSS STORES INCexhibit102amendmenttonorma.htm
EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - ROSS STORES INCexhibit101fifthamendmentto.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark one)
ý
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended August 4, 2018
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
For the transition period from __________ to __________
 
 
 
 
 
Commission file number: 0-14678

Ross Stores, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
    
94-1390387
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
organization)
 
 
 
5130 Hacienda Drive, Dublin, California
 
94568-7579
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
 
(925) 965-4400
 
Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if
 
N/A
changed since last report.
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes ý No o
    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes ý    No o
     
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ý Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company o Emerging growth company o

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o No ý

The number of shares of Common Stock, with $.01 par value, outstanding on August 22, 2018 was 373,365,687.

1



Ross Stores, Inc.
Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
($000, except stores and per share data, unaudited)
August 4, 2018


July 29, 2017

 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Sales
$
3,737,926

 
$
3,431,603

 
$
7,326,545

 
$
6,738,032

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
2,666,983

 
2,420,942

 
5,189,202

 
4,750,908

Selling, general and administrative
554,581

 
498,276

 
1,079,004

 
973,095

Interest (income) expense, net
(1,393
)
 
2,341

 
(1,896
)
 
5,510

Total costs and expenses
3,220,171

 
2,921,559

 
6,266,310

 
5,729,513

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings before taxes
517,755

 
510,044

 
1,060,235

 
1,008,519

Provision for taxes on earnings
128,351

 
193,505

 
252,579

 
370,962

Net earnings
$
389,404

 
$
316,539

 
$
807,656

 
$
637,557

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.05

 
$
0.83

 
$
2.17

 
$
1.66

Diluted
$
1.04

 
$
0.82

 
$
2.15

 
$
1.64

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding (000)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
371,031

 
383,011

 
372,414

 
384,722

Diluted
373,717

 
385,571

 
375,336

 
387,657

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared per share
$
0.225

 
$
0.160

 
$
0.450

 
$
0.320

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stores open at end of period
1,680

 
1,589

 
1,680

 
1,589

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
($000, unaudited)
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Net earnings
$
389,404

 
$
316,539

 
$
807,656

 
$
637,557

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized loss on investments, net of tax
(3
)
 
(16
)
 
(23
)
 
(32
)
Comprehensive income
$
389,401

 
$
316,523

 
$
807,633

 
$
637,525

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

($000, except share data, unaudited)
August 4, 2018

 
February 3, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,386,935

 
$
1,290,294

 
$
1,150,932

Short-term investments

 
512

 

Accounts receivable
121,508

 
87,868

 
103,359

Merchandise inventory
1,698,390

 
1,641,735

 
1,608,333

Prepaid expenses and other
172,822

 
130,748

 
141,793

Total current assets
3,379,655

 
3,151,157

 
3,004,417

 
 
 
 
 
 
Property and Equipment
 
 
 
 
 
Land and buildings
1,117,895

 
1,109,173

 
1,106,845

Fixtures and equipment
2,660,388

 
2,603,318

 
2,483,550

Leasehold improvements
1,117,648

 
1,093,634

 
1,029,457

Construction-in-progress
142,708

 
102,054

 
95,324

  
5,038,639

 
4,908,179

 
4,715,176

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
2,654,338

 
2,525,715

 
2,388,063

Property and equipment, net
2,384,301

 
2,382,464

 
2,327,113

 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term investments
709

 
712

 
1,259

Other long-term assets
199,091

 
187,718

 
181,690

Total assets
$
5,963,756

 
$
5,722,051

 
$
5,514,479

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
1,184,422

 
$
1,059,844

 
$
1,172,847

Accrued expenses and other
427,875

 
431,706

 
411,083

Accrued payroll and benefits
280,861

 
349,879

 
245,031

Current portion of long-term debt
84,989

 
84,973

 

Total current liabilities
1,978,147

 
1,926,402

 
1,828,961

 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
312,217

 
311,994

 
396,729

Other long-term liabilities
374,587

 
348,541

 
319,770

Deferred income taxes
114,195

 
85,806

 
129,135

 
 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies


 


 


 
 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock, par value $.01 per share
Authorized 1,000,000,000 shares
Issued and outstanding 373,868,000, 379,618,000
and 385,923,000 shares, respectively
3,739

 
3,796

 
3,859

Additional paid-in capital
1,333,329

 
1,292,364

 
1,253,724

Treasury stock
(369,340
)
 
(318,279
)
 
(316,002
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
4

 
27

 
59

Retained earnings
2,216,878

 
2,071,400

 
1,898,244

Total stockholders’ equity
3,184,610

 
3,049,308

 
2,839,884

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
5,963,756

 
$
5,722,051

 
$
5,514,479

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5



Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
Six Months Ended
($000, unaudited)
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017 1
Cash Flows From Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
807,656

 
$
637,557

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided
by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
162,403

 
150,905

Stock-based compensation
47,580

 
42,719

Deferred income taxes
21,664

 
8,426

Change in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Merchandise inventory
(56,654
)
 
(95,447
)
Other current assets
(75,762
)
 
(56,520
)
Accounts payable
122,008

 
154,828

Other current liabilities
(29,348
)
 
(59,104
)
Other long-term, net
14,637

 
14,595

Net cash provided by operating activities
1,014,184

 
797,959

 
 
 
 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities
 
 
 
Additions to property and equipment
(178,635
)
 
(169,316
)
Proceeds from investments
505

 

Net cash used in investing activities
(178,130
)
 
(169,316
)
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities
 
 
 
Issuance of common stock related to stock plans
9,817

 
9,157

Treasury stock purchased
(51,061
)
 
(43,163
)
Repurchase of common stock
(528,580
)
 
(430,085
)
Dividends paid
(169,971
)
 
(124,962
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(739,795
)
 
(589,053
)
 
 
 
 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents
96,259

 
39,590

 
 
 
 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
Beginning of period1
1,353,272

 
1,176,180

End of period
$
1,449,531

 
$
1,215,770

 
 
 
 
Supplemental Cash Flow Disclosures
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
9,053

 
$
9,053

Income taxes paid
$
232,528

 
$
379,154

1 As the result of the adoption of ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flow (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, the prior year amounts were retrospectively adjusted to include restricted cash and cash equivalents. See Note A.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.




6



Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Three and Six Months Ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017
(Unaudited)

Note A: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of presentation. The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared from the records of Ross Stores, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) without audit and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting of only normal, recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position as of August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, the results of operations and comprehensive income for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, and cash flows for the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of February 3, 2018, presented herein, has been derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year then ended.

Certain information and disclosures normally included in the notes to annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted for purposes of these interim condensed consolidated financial statements. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements, including notes thereto, contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 3, 2018.

The results of operations and comprehensive income for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017 presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full fiscal year.

Recently adopted accounting standards. In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Accounting Standards Codification "ASC" 606) which, along with subsequent amendments, supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in “Revenue Recognition (ASC 605).” This guidance provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized and requires entities to recognize revenue when the customer obtains control of promised goods or services in an amount that reflects the consideration the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted ASC 606 as of February 4, 2018, using the modified retrospective method. Results for reporting periods beginning on or after February 4, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts were not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with ASC 605. Upon adoption of ASC 606, the Company recorded a cumulative-effect adjustment to increase beginning retained earnings by $20 million as of February 4, 2018, primarily due to the change in the timing of the recognition of stored value card breakage. The impact of applying ASC 606 was not material to the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. ASU 2016-18 requires restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the total beginning and ending amounts on the statement of cash flows. The standard also requires companies who report cash and restricted cash separately on the balance sheet to reconcile those amounts to the statement of cash flows. The Company adopted ASU 2016-18 as of February 4, 2018, using the retrospective method.
Significant accounting policies. Except for the updates to accounting policies for revenue recognition and allowance for sales returns as a result of adopting ASC 606 described below, there have been no significant changes to the accounting policies followed by the Company as described in Note A to the audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2018.
Revenue recognition. The Company recognizes revenue at the point of sale, net of sales taxes collected and an allowance for estimated future returns. Sales taxes collected that are outstanding and the allowance for estimated future returns are included in Accrued expenses and other in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Sales of stored value cards are deferred until they are redeemed for the purchase of Company merchandise. The Company’s stored value cards do not have expiration dates. Based upon historical redemption rates, a small percentage of stored value cards will never be redeemed, which represents breakage. As a result of adopting ASC 606, breakage is estimated and recognized as revenue based upon the historical pattern of customer redemptions. In prior periods, breakage was recorded as a reduction of operating expense when customer redemption was considered remote. Breakage was not material to the condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017.

7



The following sales mix table disaggregates revenue by merchandise category for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Ladies
28
%
 
29
%
 
28
%
 
29
%
Home Accents and Bed and Bath
24
%
 
24
%
 
24
%
 
24
%
Shoes
14
%
 
14
%
 
14
%
 
14
%
Men's
14
%
 
14
%
 
13
%
 
13
%
Accessories, Lingerie, Fine Jewelry, and Fragrances
12
%
 
12
%
 
13
%
 
12
%
Children's
8
%
 
7
%
 
8
%
 
8
%
Total
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%


Allowance for sales returns. As a result of the adoption of ASC 606, the Company recognizes allowances for estimated sales returns on a gross basis. This results in (i) an asset recorded for the expected recovery of merchandise inventory and a liability recorded for the refund due to the customer and (ii) a change in sales and related cost of goods sold based on the required reserve for estimated returns. Prior to the adoption of ASC 606, the Company recognized allowances for sales returns on a net basis.
Cash, restricted cash, and restricted investments. Restricted cash, cash equivalents, and investments serve as collateral for certain insurance obligations of the Company. These restricted funds are invested in bank deposits, money market mutual funds, U.S. Government and agency securities, and corporate securities and cannot be withdrawn from the Company’s account without the prior written consent of the secured parties. The classification between current and long-term is based on the timing of expected payments of the insurance obligations.
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and equivalents in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets that reconcile to the amounts shown on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
($000)
August 4, 2018

 
February 3, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,386,935

 
$
1,290,294

 
$
1,150,932

Restricted cash and cash equivalents included in:
 
 
 
 
 
  Prepaid expenses and other
8,961

 
9,412

 
12,990

  Other long-term assets
53,635

 
53,566

 
51,848

Total restricted cash and cash equivalents
62,596

 
62,978

 
64,838

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and equivalents
$
1,449,531

 
$
1,353,272

 
$
1,215,770

In addition to the restricted cash and equivalents in the table above, the Company had restricted investments included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as shown below:
($000)
August 4, 2018

 
February 3, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Prepaid expenses and other
$
2,812

 
$
2,435

 
$
693

Other long-term assets

 
403

 
2,884

Total restricted investments
$
2,812

 
$
2,838

 
$
3,577


Property and equipment. As of August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, the Company had $10.0 million and $6.5 million, respectively, of property and equipment purchased but not yet paid. These purchases are included in Property and Equipment, Accounts payable, and Accrued expenses and other in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Cash dividends. Dividends included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows reflect cash dividends paid during the periods shown. Dividends per share reported on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings reflect cash dividends declared during the periods shown.

8




The Company’s Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.225 per common share in March and May 2018 and $0.160 per common share in February, May, August, and November 2017, respectively.

In August 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.225 per common share, payable on September 28, 2018.

Litigation, claims, and assessments. Like many retailers, the Company has been named in class action lawsuits, primarily in California, alleging violation of wage and hour/employment laws and consumer protection laws. Class action litigation remains pending as of August 4, 2018.

The Company is also party to various other legal and regulatory proceedings arising in the normal course of business. Actions filed against the Company may include commercial, product and product safety, consumer, intellectual property, and labor and employment-related claims, including lawsuits in which private plaintiffs or governmental agencies allege that the Company violated federal, state, and/or local laws. Actions against the Company are in various procedural stages. Many of these proceedings raise factual and legal issues and are subject to uncertainties.

In the opinion of management, the resolution of pending class action litigation and other currently pending legal and regulatory proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

Recently issued accounting standards. The Company considers the applicability and impact of all ASUs issued by the FASB. ASUs not listed below were assessed and determined to be either not applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial results.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The ASU requires balance sheet recognition for all leases with lease terms greater than one year including a lease liability, which is a lessee's obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis; and a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. ASU 2016-02 is effective for the Company’s annual and interim reporting periods beginning in fiscal 2019. The Company is currently working on the adoption, and evaluating the effect adoption of this new guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements. Due to the substantial number of leases that it has, the Company believes this ASU will increase assets and liabilities by a material amount on its consolidated balance sheet. The Company’s current undiscounted minimum commitments under noncancelable operating leases is approximately $3.8 billion. The Company does not believe adoption of this ASU will have a significant impact to its consolidated statements of earnings, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows.


Note B: Fair Value Measurements

The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, short- and long-term investments, restricted cash and cash equivalents, restricted investments, accounts receivable, other long-term assets, accounts payable, and other long-term liabilities approximates their estimated fair value.

Accounting standards pertaining to fair value measurements establish a three-tier fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The inputs used to measure fair value include: Level 1, observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists. This fair value hierarchy requires the Company to develop its own assumptions and maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. Corporate, U.S. government and agency, and mortgage-backed securities are classified within Level 1 or Level 2 because these securities are valued using quoted market prices or alternative pricing sources and models utilizing market observable inputs.

9




There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 categories during the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018. The fair value of the Company’s financial instruments are as follows:

($000)
 
August 4, 2018

 
February 3, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Cash and cash equivalents (Level 1)
 
$
1,386,935

 
$
1,290,294

 
$
1,150,932

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents (Level 1)
 
$
62,596

 
$
62,978

 
$
64,838

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments (Level 2)
 
$
709

 
$
1,224

 
$
1,259

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted investments (Level 2)
 
$
2,812

 
$
2,838

 
$
3,577


The underlying assets in the Company’s non-qualified deferred compensation program as of August 4, 2018, February 3, 2018, and July 29, 2017 (included in Other long-term assets and in Other long-term liabilities) primarily consist of participant-directed money market, stable value, stock, and bond funds. The fair value measurement for funds with quoted market prices in active markets (Level 1) and for funds without quoted market prices in active markets (Level 2) are as follows:
($000)
August 4, 2018

 
February 3, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Level 1
$
117,274

 
$
104,590

 
$
97,282

Level 2
11,836

 
16,023

 
17,429

Total
$
129,110

 
$
120,613

 
$
114,711



Note C: Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-based compensation. For the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, the Company recognized stock-based compensation expense as follows:

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
($000)
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Restricted stock
$
12,428

 
$
11,019

 
 
$
23,936

 
$
21,720

Performance awards
10,487

 
10,670

 
 
21,911

 
19,453

Employee stock purchase plan
905

 
792

 
 
1,733

 
1,546

Total
$
23,820

 
$
22,481

 
 
$
47,580

 
$
42,719


Total stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, is as follows:

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
Statements of Earnings Classification ($000)
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Cost of goods sold
$
11,011

 
$
10,316

 
 
$
22,047

 
$
20,111

Selling, general and administrative
12,809

 
12,165

 
 
25,533

 
22,608

Total
$
23,820

 
$
22,481

 
 
$
47,580

 
$
42,719


The tax benefits related to stock-based compensation expense for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 were $5.0 million and $9.9 million, respectively. The tax benefits related to stock-based compensation expense for the three and six month periods ended July 29, 2017 were $7.8 million and $14.8 million, respectively.


10



Restricted stock awards. The Company grants shares of restricted stock to directors, officers, and key employees. The market value of shares of restricted stock at the date of grant is amortized to expense over the vesting period of generally three to five years.

During the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, shares purchased by the Company for tax withholding totaled 78,151 and 661,379, and 69,934 and 646,747, respectively, and are considered treasury shares which are available for reissuance.

Performance share awards. The Company has a performance share award program for senior executives. A performance share award represents a right to receive shares of restricted stock on a specified settlement date based on the Company’s attainment of a profitability-based performance goal during the performance period, which is the Company’s fiscal year. If attained, the restricted stock then vests over a service period, generally two to three years from the date the performance award was granted.
 
As of August 4, 2018, shares related to unvested restricted stock and performance share awards totaled 4.9 million shares. A summary of restricted stock and performance share award activity for the six month period ended August 4, 2018, is presented below:

(000, except per share data)
Number of
shares

 
Weighted
average
grant date
fair value

Unvested at February 3, 2018
5,483

 
$
51.19

Awarded
1,114

 
74.88

Released
(1,679
)
 
44.11

Forfeited
(56
)
 
59.21

Unvested at August 4, 2018
4,862

 
$
60.22


The unamortized compensation expense at August 4, 2018, was $148.3 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average remaining period of 2.2 years. The unamortized compensation expense at July 29, 2017, was $133.6 million, which was expected to be recognized over a weighted-average remaining period of 2.2 years.

Employee stock purchase plan. Under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”), eligible employees participating in the quarterly offering period can choose to have up to the lesser of 10% of their annual base earnings or the IRS annual share purchase limit of $25,000 in aggregate market value to purchase the Company’s common stock. The purchase price of the stock is 85% of the closing market price on the date of purchase. Purchases occur on a quarterly basis (on the last trading day of each calendar quarter). The Company recognizes expense for ESPP purchase rights equal to the value of the 15% discount given on the purchase date.


Note D: Earnings Per Share

The Company computes and reports both basic earnings per share ("EPS") and diluted EPS. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net earnings by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net earnings by the sum of the weighted average number of common shares and dilutive common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the total potential dilution that could occur from outstanding equity plan awards, including unexercised stock options, and unvested shares of both performance and non-performance based awards of restricted stock.

For the three month period ended August 4, 2018, no weighted average shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because none would have been anti-dilutive for the period presented. For the six month period ended August 4, 2018, approximately 730 weighted average shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because their effect would have been anti-dilutive for the period presented. For the three and six month periods ended July 29, 2017, approximately 650,500 and 462,900 weighted average shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because their effect would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented.


11



The following is a reconciliation of the number of shares (denominator) used in the basic and diluted EPS computations:

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
Shares in (000s)
Basic EPS

 
Effect of
dilutive
common stock
equivalents

 
Diluted
EPS

 
 
Basic EPS

 
Effect of
dilutive
common
stock
equivalents

 
Diluted
EPS

August 4, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
371,031

 
2,686

 
373,717

 
 
372,414

 
2,922

 
375,336

Amount
$
1.05

 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
1.04

 
 
$
2.17

 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
2.15

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
July 29, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Shares
383,011

 
2,560

 
385,571

 
 
384,722

 
2,935

 
387,657

     Amount
$
0.83

 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
0.82

 
 
$
1.66

 
$
(0.02
)
 
$
1.64



Note E: Debt

Senior notes. Unsecured senior debt, net of unamortized discounts and debt issuance costs, consisted of the following:

($000)
 
August 4, 2018

 
February 3, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

6.38% Series A Senior Notes due 2018
 
$
84,989

 
$
84,973

 
$
84,956

6.53% Series B Senior Notes due 2021
 
64,933

 
64,922

 
64,912

3.375% Senior Notes due 2024
 
247,284

 
247,072

 
246,861

Total long-term debt
 
$
397,206

 
$
396,967

 
$
396,729

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: current portion
 
84,989

 
84,973

 

Total due beyond one year
 
$
312,217

 
$
311,994


$
396,729



As of August 4, 2018, the Company had outstanding unsecured 3.375% Senior Notes due September 2024 (the “2024 Notes”) with an aggregate principal amount of $250 million. Interest on the 2024 Notes is payable semi-annually.

As of August 4, 2018, the Company also had outstanding two other series of unsecured senior notes in the aggregate principal amount of $150 million, held by various institutional investors. The Series A notes totaling $85 million are due in December 2018, and bear interest at 6.38%. The Series B notes totaling $65 million are due in December 2021, and bear interest at 6.53%. Borrowings under these senior notes are subject to certain financial covenants, including interest coverage and other financial ratios. As of August 4, 2018, the Company was in compliance with these covenants.

As of August 4, 2018, February 3, 2018, and July 29, 2017, total unamortized discount and debt issuance costs were $2.8 million, $3.0 million, and $3.3 million, respectively, and were classified as a reduction of Long-term debt.

The 2024 Notes, Series A, and Series B senior notes are all subject to prepayment penalties for early payment of principal.

The aggregate fair value of the three outstanding senior note issuances was approximately $403 million, $411 million, and $421 million as of August 4, 2018, February 3, 2018, and July 29, 2017, respectively. The fair value is estimated by obtaining comparable market quotes which are considered to be Level 1 inputs under the fair value measurements and disclosures guidance.


12



The table below shows the components of interest expense and income for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017:
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
($000)
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Interest expense on long-term debt
$
4,646

 
$
4,644

 
 
$
9,291

 
$
9,288

Other interest expense
233

 
233

 
 
535

 
502

Capitalized interest
(634
)
 
(120
)
 
 
(1,132
)
 
(182
)
Interest income
(5,638
)
 
(2,416
)
 
 
(10,590
)
 
(4,098
)
Interest (income) expense, net
$
(1,393
)
 
$
2,341

 
 
$
(1,896
)
 
$
5,510


Revolving credit facility. The Company’s $600 million unsecured revolving credit facility expires in April 2021 and contains a $300 million sublimit for issuance of standby letters of credit (subject to increase in proportion to any increase in the size of the credit facility). The facility also contains an option allowing the Company to increase the size of its credit facility by up to an additional $200 million, with the agreement of the lenders. Interest on any borrowings under this facility is based on LIBOR plus an applicable margin (currently 100 basis points) and is payable quarterly and upon maturity. As of August 4, 2018, the Company had no borrowings or standby letters of credit outstanding under this facility and the $600 million credit facility remains in place and available.
 
The revolving credit facility is subject to a financial leverage ratio covenant. As of August 4, 2018, the Company was in compliance with this covenant.

Note F: Taxes on Earnings

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act” or "tax reform") was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The Tax Act made significant changes to U.S. corporate taxation, including reducing the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018. For the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, the Company’s provision for taxes on earnings differed from the Company’s federal corporate income tax rate of 21%, primarily because of the effects of state and local taxes, the net tax benefit associated with share-based compensation, and resolution of tax positions with taxing authorities. These items resulted in an effective tax rate for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 of 25% and 24% as compared to 38% and 37% for the three and six month periods ended July 29, 2017.

Also on December 22, 2017, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), which provides guidance on accounting for the impact of the Tax Act. As permitted by SAB 118, the Company recorded provisional amounts for both current and deferred income taxes related to the reduced U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in fiscal 2017. The recorded provisional amounts totaling $80.1 million of tax benefit, reflect assumptions made based upon the Company’s current interpretation of the Tax Act, and may change as the Company receives additional clarification and guidance in the form of technical corrections to the Tax Act or regulations issued by the U.S. Treasury. As of August 4, 2018, the Company has not recorded any adjustment to the provisional amounts recorded in fiscal 2017.

As of August 4, 2018, February 3, 2018, and July 29, 2017, the reserves for unrecognized tax benefits were $130.8 million, $121.3 million, and $108.1 million inclusive of $25.4 million, $22.6 million, and $20.1 million of related interest and penalties, respectively. The Company accounts for interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a part of its provision for taxes on earnings. If recognized, $88.4 million would impact the Company’s effective tax rate. The difference between the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits and the amounts that would impact the effective tax rate relates to amounts attributable to deferred income tax assets and liabilities. These amounts are net of federal and state income taxes.

It is reasonably possible that certain federal and state tax matters may be concluded or statutes of limitations may lapse during the next twelve months. Accordingly, the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits may decrease by up to $8.6 million.

The Company is open to audit by the Internal Revenue Service under the statute of limitations for fiscal years 2013 through 2017. The Company’s state income tax returns are generally open to audit under the various statutes of limitations for fiscal years 2013 through 2017. Certain federal and state tax returns are currently under audit by various tax authorities. The Company does not expect the results of these audits to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.



13



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Ross Stores, Inc.:

Results of Review of Interim Financial Information
We have reviewed the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets of Ross Stores, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, the related condensed consolidated statements of earnings, comprehensive income for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, and of cash flows for the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "interim financial information"). Based on our reviews, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying condensed consolidated interim financial information for it to be in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of February 3, 2018, and the related consolidated statements of earnings, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein); and in our report dated April 3, 2018, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of February 3, 2018 is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.
Basis for Review Results
This interim financial information is the responsibility of the Company's management. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our reviews in accordance with standards of the PCAOB. A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.


/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

San Francisco, California
September 12, 2018

14



ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF
OPERATIONS

This section and other parts of this Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below under the caption "Forward-Looking Statements" and in Part I, Item 1A (Risk Factors) of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2017. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2017. All information is based on our fiscal calendar.

Overview

Ross Stores, Inc. operates two brands of off-price retail apparel and home fashion stores -- Ross Dress for Less® (“Ross”) and dd’s DISCOUNTS®. Ross is the largest off-price apparel and home fashion chain in the United States with 1,453 locations in 38 states, the District of Columbia and Guam as of August 4, 2018. Ross offers first-quality, in-season, name brand and designer apparel, accessories, footwear, and home fashions for the entire family at savings of 20% to 60% off department and specialty store regular prices every day. We also operate 227 dd’s DISCOUNTS stores in 18 states that feature a more moderately-priced assortment of first-quality, in-season, name brand apparel, accessories, footwear, and home fashions for the entire family at savings of 20% to 70% off moderate department and discount store regular prices every day.

Results of Operations

The following table summarizes the financial results for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017:

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales (millions)
$
3,738

 
$
3,432

 
 
$
7,327

 
$
6,738

Sales growth
8.9
 %
 
7.9
%
 
 
8.7
%
 
7.5
%
Comparable store sales growth
5
 %
 
4
%
 
 
4
%
 
4
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses (as a percent of sales)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
71.3
 %
 
70.5
%
 
 
70.8
%
 
70.5
%
Selling, general and administrative
14.8
 %
 
14.5
%
 
 
14.7
%
 
14.4
%
Interest (income) expense, net
(0.0
%)
 
0.1
%
 
 
(0.0
%)
 
0.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings before taxes (as a percent of sales)
13.9
 %
 
14.9
%
 
 
14.5
%
 
15.0
%

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (as a percent of sales)
10.4
 %
 
9.2
%
 
 
11.0
%
 
9.5
%



15




Stores. Our expansion strategy is to open additional stores based on market penetration, local demographic characteristics, competition, expected store profitability, and the ability to leverage overhead expenses. We continually evaluate opportunistic real estate acquisitions and opportunities for potential new store locations. We also evaluate our current store locations and determine store closures based on similar criteria.

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
Store Count
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Beginning of the period
1,651

 
1,561

 
 
1,622

 
1,533

Opened in the period
30

 
28

 
 
59

 
56

Closed in the period
(1
)
 

 
 
(1
)
 

End of the period
1,680

 
1,589

 
 
1,680

 
1,589


Sales. Sales for the three month period ended August 4, 2018, increased $306 million, or 8.9%, compared to the three month period ended July 29, 2017, due to the opening of 91 net new stores between July 29, 2017 and August 4, 2018, and a 5% increase in “comparable” store sales (defined as stores that have been open for more than 14 complete months).

Sales for the six month period ended August 4, 2018, increased $589 million, or 8.7%, compared to the six month period ended July 29, 2017, due to the opening of 91 net new stores between July 29, 2017 and August 4, 2018, and a 4% increase in comparable store sales.

Our sales mix for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017 is shown below:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Ladies
28
%
 
29
%
 
28
%
 
29
%
Home Accents and Bed and Bath
24
%
 
24
%
 
24
%
 
24
%
Shoes
14
%
 
14
%
 
14
%
 
14
%
Men's
14
%
 
14
%
 
13
%
 
13
%
Accessories, Lingerie, Fine Jewelry, and Fragrances
12
%
 
12
%
 
13
%
 
12
%
Children's
8
%
 
7
%
 
8
%
 
8
%
Total
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%

We intend to address the competitive climate for off-price apparel and home goods by pursuing and refining our existing strategies and by continuing to strengthen our organization, diversify our merchandise mix, and more fully develop our systems to improve regional and local merchandise offerings. Although our strategies and store expansion program contributed to sales gains for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, we cannot be sure that they will result in a continuation of sales growth or in an increase in net earnings.

Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, increased $246 million and $438 million compared to the same periods in the prior year, mainly due to increased sales from the opening of 91 net new stores and a 5% and 4% increase in comparable store sales, respectively.

Cost of goods sold as a percentage of sales for the three month period ended August 4, 2018, increased approximately 80 basis points from the same period in the prior year, primarily due to an 85 basis point increase in distribution expenses from the unfavorable timing of packaway related costs, and a 30 basis point increase in freight costs. These increases were partially offset by a 15 basis point improvement in merchandise margin and lower occupancy and buying costs of 15 and five basis points, respectively.

Cost of goods sold as a percentage of sales for the six month period ended August 4, 2018, increased approximately 30 basis points from the same period in the prior year, primarily due to a 35 basis point increase in distribution expenses from the unfavorable timing of packaway costs, a 25 basis point increase in freight costs, and a five basis point increase in buying costs.

16



These increases were partially offset by a 20 basis point improvement in merchandise margin and 15 basis points of lower occupancy costs.

We cannot be sure that the gross profit margins realized for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, will continue in the future.

Selling, general and administrative expenses. For the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, selling, general and administrative expenses ("SG&A") increased $56 million and $106 million compared to the same periods in the prior year, mainly due to increased store operating costs reflecting the opening of 91 net new stores between July 29, 2017 and August 4, 2018.

Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, increased approximately 30 basis points from the same periods in the prior year primarily due to higher wage-related costs and the anniversary of a nonrecurring benefit from legal-related costs in 2017.

Interest (income) expense, net. Interest (income) expense, net for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, increased compared to the same periods in the prior year primarily due to an increase in interest income. Interest (income) expense, net for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, consists of the following:

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Six Months Ended
($000)
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

 
 
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017

Interest expense on long-term debt
$
4,646

 
$
4,644

 
 
$
9,291

 
$
9,288

Other interest expense
233

 
233

 
 
535

 
502

Capitalized interest
(634
)
 
(120
)
 
 
(1,132
)
 
(182
)
Interest income
(5,638
)
 
(2,416
)
 
 
(10,590
)
 
(4,098
)
Interest (income) expense, net
$
(1,393
)
 
$
2,341

 
 
$
(1,896
)
 
$
5,510


Taxes on earnings. Our effective tax rates for the three month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, were approximately 25% and 38%, respectively. Our effective tax rates for the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, were approximately 24% and 37%, respectively. The decrease in effective tax rate was primarily due to the reduced U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%. The effective tax rate represents the applicable combined federal and state statutory rates reduced by the federal benefit of state taxes deductible on federal returns. The effective tax rate is impacted by changes in tax law and accounting guidance, location of new stores, level of earnings, and the resolution of tax positions with various taxing authorities. We anticipate that our effective tax rate for fiscal 2018 will be between 24% and 25%.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act” or "tax reform") was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The Tax Act made significant changes to U.S. corporate taxation, including reducing the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018. For the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, our provision for taxes on earnings differed from the federal corporate income tax rate of 21%, primarily because of the effects of state and local taxes, the net tax benefit associated with share-based compensation, and resolution of tax positions with taxing authorities. These items resulted in an effective tax rate for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018 of 25% and 24% as compared to 38% and 37% for the three and six month periods ended July 29, 2017.
Also on December 22, 2017, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), which provides guidance on accounting for the impact of the Tax Act. As permitted by SAB 118, we recorded provisional amounts for both current and deferred income taxes related to the reduced U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in fiscal 2017. The recorded provisional amounts totaling $80.1 million of tax benefit, reflect assumptions made based upon our current interpretation of the Tax Act, and may change as we receive additional clarification and guidance in the form of technical corrections to the Tax Act or regulations issued by the U.S. Treasury. As of August 4, 2018, we have not recorded any adjustment to the provisional amounts recorded in fiscal 2017.
Net earnings. Net earnings as a percentage of sales for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, was higher compared to the same periods in the prior year primarily due to the decrease in the effective tax rate from the Tax Act.

Earnings per share. Diluted earnings per share were $1.04 and $2.15 for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, which included an $0.18 and $0.35 per share benefit from recently enacted tax legislation, respectively, compared to

17



$0.82 and $1.64 for the three and six month periods ended July 29, 2017. The 27% and 31% increase in diluted earnings per share for the three and six month periods ended August 4, 2018, was attributable to a 23% and a 27% increase in net earnings (inclusive of the reduction in tax rates), respectively, and 4% from the reduction in weighted average diluted shares outstanding due to stock repurchases under our stock repurchase program for both of the three and six month periods.

Financial Condition

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary sources of funds for our business activities are cash flows from operations and short-term trade credit. Our primary ongoing cash requirements are for merchandise inventory purchases, payroll, rent, taxes, and capital expenditures in connection with new and existing stores, and investments in distribution centers, information systems, and buying and corporate offices. We also use cash to repurchase stock under our stock repurchase program and to pay dividends, and we may use cash for the repayment of debt as it becomes due.

 
Six Months Ended
($000)
August 4, 2018

 
July 29, 2017 1

Cash provided by operating activities
$
1,014,184

 
$
797,959

Cash used in investing activities
(178,130
)
 
(169,316
)
Cash used in financing activities
(739,795
)
 
(589,053
)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents
$
96,259

 
$
39,590


1 As the result of the adoption of ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flow (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, the prior year amounts were retrospectively adjusted. See Note A.


Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities was $1,014.2 million and $798.0 million for the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, respectively, and was primarily driven by net earnings excluding non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization. Our primary source of operating cash flow is the sale of our merchandise inventory. We regularly review the age and condition of our merchandise and are able to maintain current merchandise inventory in our stores through replenishment processes and liquidation of slower-moving merchandise through clearance markdowns.

The increase in cash flow from operating activities for the six month period ended August 4, 2018, compared to the same period in the prior year was primarily driven by higher earnings. Accounts payable leverage (defined as accounts payable divided by merchandise inventory) was 70%, 65%, and 73% as of August 4, 2018, February 3, 2018, and July 29, 2017, respectively. The timing of inventory receipts and related payments versus prior periods is the primary driver of changes in accounts payable leverage.

As a regular part of our business, packaway inventory levels will vary over time based on availability of compelling opportunities in the marketplace. Packaway merchandise is purchased with the intent that it will be stored in our warehouses until a later date. The timing of the release of packaway inventory to our stores is principally driven by the product mix and seasonality of the merchandise, and its relation to our store merchandise assortment plans. As such, the aging of packaway varies by merchandise category and seasonality of purchase, but typically packaway remains in storage less than six months. We expect to continue to take advantage of packaway inventory opportunities to maximize our ability to deliver bargains to our customers.

Changes in packaway inventory levels impact our operating cash flow. As of August 4, 2018, packaway inventory was 44% of total inventory compared to 49% at the end of fiscal 2017. As of July 29, 2017, packaway inventory was 46% of total inventory compared to 49% at the end of fiscal 2016.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $178.1 million and $169.3 million for the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, respectively. The increase in cash used for investing activities for the six month period ended August 4, 2018 compared to the six month period ended July 29, 2017 was primarily due to an increase in our capital expenditures.

18




Our capital expenditures were $178.6 million and $169.3 million for the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, respectively. Our capital expenditures include costs to open new stores and improve existing stores; build, expand, and improve distribution centers; and for various other expenditures related to our information technology systems, and our buying and corporate offices.

We are forecasting approximately $475 million in capital expenditures for fiscal year 2018 to fund costs for fixtures and leasehold improvements to open new Ross and dd’s DISCOUNTS stores, the upgrade or relocation of existing stores, investments in information technology systems, and for various other expenditures related to our stores, distribution centers, buying and corporate offices. We expect to fund capital expenditures with available cash and cash equivalents, and cash flows from operations.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities was $739.8 million and $589.1 million for the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, respectively. For the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, our liquidity and capital requirements were provided by available cash and cash equivalents, and cash flows from operations. The increase in cash used for financing activities for the six month period ended August 4, 2018, compared to the six month period ended July 29, 2017, was primarily due to an increase in the repurchase of our common stock under our stock repurchase program and higher cash dividends.

We repurchased 6.5 million and 6.9 million shares of common stock for aggregate purchase prices of approximately $528.6 million and $430.1 million during the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, respectively. We also acquired 0.7 million and 0.6 million shares of treasury stock under our employee stock equity compensation programs, for aggregate purchase prices of approximately $51.1 million and $43.2 million during the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, respectively. In March 2018, our Board of Directors approved an increase in the stock repurchase authorization for fiscal 2018 by $200 million to $1.075 billion, up from the previously available $875 million.

For the six month periods ended August 4, 2018 and July 29, 2017, we paid cash dividends of $170.0 million and $125.0 million, respectively.

Short-term trade credit represents a significant source of financing for merchandise inventory. Trade credit arises from customary payment terms and trade practices with our vendors. We regularly review the adequacy of credit available to us from all sources and expect to be able to maintain adequate trade credit, bank lines, and other credit sources to meet our capital and liquidity requirements, including lease payment obligations, in 2018.

We have a $600 million unsecured revolving credit facility which expires in April 2021, and contains a $300 million sublimit for issuance of standby letters of credit (subject to increase in proportion to any increase in the size of the credit facility). The facility also contains an option allowing us to increase the size of our credit facility by up to an additional $200 million, with the agreement of the lenders. Interest on any borrowings under this facility is based on LIBOR plus an applicable margin (currently 100 basis points) and is payable quarterly and upon maturity. As of August 4, 2018, we had no borrowings or standby letters of credit outstanding under this facility and the $600 million credit facility remains in place and available.

The revolving credit facility is subject to a financial leverage ratio covenant. As of August 4, 2018, we were in compliance with this covenant.

We estimate that existing cash and cash equivalent balances, cash flows from operations, bank credit lines, and trade credit are adequate to meet our operating cash needs and to fund our planned capital investments, repayment of debt, common stock repurchases, and quarterly dividend payments for at least the next twelve months.



19



Contractual Obligations

The table below presents our significant contractual obligations as of August 4, 2018:

($000)
Less than
one year

 
1 - 3
years

 
3 - 5
years

 
After 5
years

 
Total¹

 
 
 
 
Senior notes
$
85,000

 
$

 
$
65,000

 
$
250,000

 
$
400,000

Interest payment obligations
15,394

 
25,364

 
18,997

 
12,656

 
72,411

Operating leases (rent obligations)
534,232

 
1,007,807

 
687,806

 
608,905

 
2,838,750

New York buying office ground lease²
6,418

 
12,835

 
13,477

 
935,883

 
968,613

Purchase obligations
2,699,772

 
50,356

 
10,686

 
4,211

 
2,765,025

Total contractual obligations
$
3,340,816

 
$
1,096,362

 
$
795,966

 
$
1,811,655

 
$
7,044,799


1We have a $130.0 million liability for unrecognized tax benefits that is included in Other long-term liabilities on our interim Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. This liability is excluded from the schedule above as the timing of payments cannot be reasonably estimated.

²Our New York buying office building is subject to a 99-year ground lease.

Senior notes. As of August 4, 2018, we had outstanding unsecured 3.375% Senior Notes due September 2024 with an aggregate principal amount of $250 million. Interest on the 2024 Notes is payable semi-annually.

As of August 4, 2018, we also had outstanding two other series of unsecured senior notes in the aggregate principal amount of $150 million, held by various institutional investors. The Series A notes totaling $85 million are due in December 2018, and bear interest at 6.38%. The Series B notes totaling $65 million are due in December 2021, and bear interest at 6.53%. Borrowings under these senior notes are subject to certain financial covenants, including interest coverage and other financial ratios. As of August 4, 2018, we were in compliance with these covenants.

The 2024 Notes, Series A, and Series B senior notes are all subject to prepayment penalties for early payment of principal.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

Operating leases. We currently lease all but two of our store locations. We also lease five warehouse facilities and two buying offices. In addition, we have a ground lease related to our New York buying office. Except for certain leasehold improvements and equipment, these leased locations do not represent long-term capital investments.

Two of our leased warehouses are in Carlisle, Pennsylvania with leases expiring in 2019 and 2020. A third warehouse is in Fort Mill, South Carolina, with a lease expiring in 2024. The fourth warehouse is in Rock Hill, South Carolina, with a lease expiring in 2028. The fifth warehouse is in Shafter, California, with a lease expiring in 2029. All of the warehouse leases contain renewal provisions.

We currently lease approximately 87,000 and 5,000 square feet of office space for our Los Angeles and Boston buying offices, respectively. The lease terms for these facilities expire in 2022 and 2020, respectively, and contain renewal provisions.

Purchase obligations. As of August 4, 2018, we had purchase obligations of approximately $2.8 billion. These purchase obligations primarily consist of merchandise inventory purchase orders, commitments related to construction projects, store fixtures and supplies, and information technology services, transportation, and maintenance contracts.

Standby letters of credit and collateral trust. We use standby letters of credit outside of our revolving credit facility in addition to a funded trust to collateralize our insurance obligations. As of August 4, 2018, February 3, 2018, and July 29, 2017, we had $7.8 million, $8.7 million, and $11.6 million, respectively, in standby letters of credit outstanding and $57.6 million, $57.1 million and $56.8 million, respectively, in a collateral trust. The standby letters of credit are collateralized by restricted cash and the collateral trust consists of restricted cash, cash equivalents, and investments.

Trade letters of credit. We had $24.9 million, $20.7 million, and $35.6 million in trade letters of credit outstanding at August 4, 2018, February 3, 2018, and July 29, 2017, respectively.


20



Dividends. In August 2018, our Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.225 per common share, payable on September 28, 2018.

Effects of inflation or deflation. We do not consider the effects of inflation or deflation to be material to our financial position and results of operations.

Critical Accounting Policies

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is based on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts. These estimates and assumptions are evaluated on an ongoing basis and are based on historical experience and on various other factors that management believes to be reasonable. Actual results may differ significantly from these estimates. During the second quarter of fiscal 2018, there have been no significant changes to the critical accounting policies discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 3, 2018.

Effective February 4, 2018, the Company adopted the requirements of Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606) and ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows, Restricted Cash. See Note A - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information regarding the adoption of ASC 606 and ASU No. 2016-18 and recently issued accounting standards.


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Forward-Looking Statements

This report may contain a number of forward-looking statements regarding planned store growth, new markets, expected sales, projected earnings levels, capital expenditures, and other matters. These forward-looking statements reflect our then-current beliefs, projections, and estimates with respect to future events and our projected financial performance, operations, and competitive position. The words “plan,” “expect,” “target,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “forecast,” “projected,” “guidance,” "outlook," “looking ahead” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.

Future economic and industry trends that could potentially impact revenue, profitability, and growth are difficult to predict. Our forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those forward-looking statements and our previous expectations and projections. Such risks are not limited to but may include:

Competitive pressures in the apparel and home-related merchandise retailing industry, which are high.
Unexpected changes in the level of consumer spending on or preferences for apparel and home-related merchandise, which could adversely affect us.
Unseasonable weather that may affect shopping patterns and consumer demand for seasonal apparel and other merchandise.
Impacts from the macro-economic environment, financial and credit markets, and geopolitical conditions that affect consumer confidence and consumer disposable income.
Our need to effectively manage our inventories, markdowns, and inventory shortage in order to achieve our planned gross margins.
Our dependence on the market availability, quantity, and quality of attractive brand name merchandise at desirable discounts, and on the ability of our buyers to purchase merchandise to enable us to offer customers a wide assortment of merchandise at competitive prices.
Information or data security breaches, including cyber-attacks on our transaction processing and computer information systems, which could result in theft or unauthorized disclosure of customer, credit card, employee, or other private and valuable information that we handle in the ordinary course of our business.
Disruptions in our supply chain or in our information systems that could impact our ability to process sales and to deliver product to our stores in a timely and cost-effective manner.
Our need to obtain acceptable new store sites with favorable consumer demographics to achieve our planned growth.
Our need to expand in existing markets and enter new geographic markets in order to achieve growth.
Consumer problems or legal issues involving the quality, safety, or authenticity of products we sell, which could harm our reputation, result in lost sales, and/or increase our costs.
An adverse outcome in various legal, regulatory, or tax matters that could increase our costs.
Damage to our corporate reputation or brands that could adversely affect our sales and operating results.
Our need to continually attract, train, and retain associates with the retail talent necessary to execute our off-price retail strategies.
Our need to effectively advertise and market our business.
Risks associated with selling and importing merchandise produced in other countries.
Changes in U.S. tax or tariff policy regarding apparel and home-related merchandise produced in other countries, which could adversely affect our business.
Possible volatility in our revenues and earnings.
A natural or man-made disaster in California or in another region where we have a concentration of stores, offices, or a distribution center that could harm our business.
Our need to maintain sufficient liquidity to support our continuing operations, our new store and distribution center growth plans, and our stock repurchase program and quarterly dividends.

The factors underlying our forecasts are dynamic and subject to change. As a result, any forecasts or forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are given and do not necessarily reflect our outlook at any other point in time. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements.




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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to market risks, which primarily include changes in interest rates. We do not engage in financial transactions for trading or speculative purposes.

We may occasionally use forward contracts to hedge against fluctuations in foreign currency prices. We had no outstanding forward contracts as of August 4, 2018.

Interest that is payable on our revolving credit facility is based on variable interest rates and is, therefore, affected by changes in market interest rates. As of August 4, 2018, we had no borrowings outstanding under our revolving credit facility.

We have two outstanding series of unsecured notes held by institutional investors: Series A Senior Notes due December 2018 for $85 million accrue interest at 6.38% and Series B Senior Notes due December 2021 for $65 million accrue interest at 6.53%. The amount outstanding under these notes as of August 4, 2018 was $150 million. We also have unsecured 3.375% Senior Notes due September 2024 with an aggregate principal amount of $250 million. Interest that is payable on our senior notes is based on fixed interest rates, and is therefore unaffected by changes in market interest rates.

Interest is receivable on our short- and long-term investments. Changes in interest rates may impact interest income recognized in the future, or the fair value of our investment portfolio.

A hypothetical 100 basis point increase or decrease in prevailing market interest rates would not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, cash flows, or the fair values of our short- and long-term investments as of and for the three month or six month periods ended August 4, 2018. We do not consider the potential losses in future earnings and cash flows from reasonably possible, near-term changes in interest rates to be material.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our “disclosure controls and procedures” (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at that reasonable assurance level as of the end of the period covered by this report.

It should be noted that any system of controls, however well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the system will be met. In addition, the design of any control system is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events.

Quarterly Evaluation of Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, also conducted an evaluation of our internal control over financial reporting to determine whether any change occurred during the second fiscal quarter of 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. Based on that evaluation, our management concluded that there was no such change during the 2018 second fiscal quarter.


PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The matters under the caption “Litigation, claims, and assessments” in Note A of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

See Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2018 for a description of the risks and uncertainties associated with our business.

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Information regarding shares of common stock we repurchased during the second quarter of fiscal 2018 is as follows:
 
Total number of
shares
(or units)
purchased1

 
Average price
paid per share
(or unit)
 
Total number of
shares
(or units)
purchased as
part of publicly
announced
plans or
programs

 
Maximum number
(or approximate
dollar value) of
shares (or units)
that may yet be
purchased under
the plans or
programs ($000)2
Period
 
 
 
May
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(5/06/2018 - 6/02/2018)
887,527

 
$80.91
 
814,145

 
$753,683
June
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(6/03/2018 - 7/07/2018)
1,332,744

 
$85.07
 
1,328,922

 
$640,631
July
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(7/08/2018 - 8/04/2018)
1,088,474

 
$86.63
 
1,087,527

 
$546,420
Total
3,308,745

 
$84.47
 
3,230,594

 
$546,420

1We acquired 78,151 shares of treasury stock during the quarter ended August 4, 2018. Treasury stock includes shares acquired from employees for tax withholding purposes related to vesting of restricted stock grants. All remaining shares were repurchased under our publicly announced stock repurchase program.

2In February 2017, our Board of Directors approved a two-year $1.75 billion stock repurchase program through fiscal 2018. Repurchases of $875 million were completed during fiscal 2017. In March 2018, our Board of Directors approved a $200 million increase in the stock repurchase authorization, bringing the authorization for fiscal 2018 to $1.075 billion.

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
Exhibit
 
Number
Exhibit
3.1
 
 
3.2
 
 
10.1
 
 
10.2
 
 
15
 
 
31.1
 
 
31.2
 
 
32.1
 
 
32.2
 
 
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
 
 
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
 
 
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
 
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
 
 
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

25



SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 
 
ROSS STORES, INC.
 
 
(Registrant)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date:
September 12, 2018
By: 
/s/Michael J. Hartshorn
 
 
 
Michael J. Hartshorn
 
 
 
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Principal Accounting Officer

26