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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Versum Materials, Inc.vsmexhibit3216302018.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Versum Materials, Inc.vsmexhibit3126302018.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Versum Materials, Inc.vsmexhibit3116302018.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission File Number:  1-37644
VERSUM MATERIALS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
47-5632014
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

8555 South River Parkway, Tempe, Arizona 85284
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(602) 282-1000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its Corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
¨
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging Growth Company
¨

 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes
¨
No
x

At July 27, 2018, 108,949,168 shares of common stock, par value $1.00 per share, were outstanding.




TABLE OF CONTENTS

1


PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION
All references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless the context otherwise requires:
“Versum,” “we,” “our,” “us” and “the company” refer to Versum Materials, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries for periods subsequent to the Separation and Distribution completed on October 1, 2016.
“Air Products” refers to Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, not including, for all periods following the Separation and Distribution, Versum.
References to the “Separation” refer to the legal separation resulting in the allocation, transfer and assignment to Versum of the assets, liabilities and operations of Air Products’ Electronic Materials business and the creation, as a result of the Distribution, of a separate, publicly traded company, Versum, which holds the Electronic Materials business.
References to the “Distribution” refer to the distribution by Air Products to its stockholders completed on October 1, 2016, of 100% of the outstanding shares of Versum, as further described herein.

2


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

Versum Materials, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions, except per share data)

 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
$
350.0

 
$
290.8

 
$
1,021.5

 
$
832.4

Cost of sales
200.4

 
159.6

 
587.9

 
465.0

Selling and administrative
35.2

 
34.5

 
107.1

 
94.2

Research and development
12.4

 
11.9

 
36.2

 
33.1

Business separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions
6.7

 
6.0

 
16.7

 
15.3

Other (income) expense, net
(0.9
)
 
(2.2
)
 
(0.9
)
 
(5.2
)
Operating Income
96.2

 
81.0

 
274.5

 
230.0

Interest expense
12.5

 
11.9

 
35.7

 
35.0

Write-off of financing costs

 

 
2.1

 

Income Before Taxes
83.7

 
69.1

 
236.7

 
195.0

Income tax provision
19.6

 
14.4

 
88.7

 
41.2

Net Income
64.1

 
54.7

 
148.0

 
153.8

Less: Net Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests
0.8

 
2.0

 
4.5

 
5.4

Net Income Attributable to Versum
$
63.3

 
$
52.7

 
$
143.5

 
$
148.4

Net income attributable to Versum per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.58

 
$
0.48

 
$
1.32

 
$
1.36

Diluted
$
0.58

 
$
0.48

 
$
1.31

 
$
1.36

Shares used in computing per common share amounts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
108.9

 
108.8

 
108.9

 
108.7

Diluted
109.8

 
109.5

 
109.7

 
109.3


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.


3


Versum Materials, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
$
64.1

 
$
54.7

 
$
148.0

 
$
153.8

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Translation adjustments
(23.3
)
 
(4.6
)
 
3.0

 
(5.4
)
Gain from hedging activities
0.1

 

 
0.2

 

Pension activity, net of tax for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018 of $0.1 and for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2017 of $0 and $1.5 million, respectively
(0.4
)
 
0.1

 
(0.4
)
 
(5.6
)
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(23.6
)
 
(4.5
)
 
2.8

 
(11.0
)
Comprehensive Income
40.5

 
50.2

 
150.8

 
142.8

Net Income Attributable to Non-controlling Interests
0.8

 
2.0

 
4.5

 
5.4

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to Non-controlling Interests
(1.6
)
 
(0.2
)
 

 
1.2

Comprehensive Income Attributable to Versum
$
41.3

 
$
48.4

 
$
146.3

 
$
136.2


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

4


Versum Materials, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
 
June 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
(In millions, except share data)

 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash items
$
289.5

 
$
271.4

Trade receivables, net
194.8

 
145.3

Inventories
167.5

 
151.6

Contracts in progress, less progress billings
37.3

 
15.6

Prepaid expenses
15.5

 
12.2

Other current assets
12.7

 
10.8

Total Current Assets
717.3

 
606.9

Plant and equipment:
 
 
 
Plant and equipment, at cost
1,049.2

 
955.2

Less: accumulated depreciation
657.9

 
624.9

Plant and equipment, net
391.3

 
330.3

Goodwill
183.6

 
182.6

Intangible assets, net
65.3

 
70.8

Other noncurrent assets
51.3

 
56.2

Total Noncurrent Assets
691.5

 
639.9

Total Assets
$
1,408.8

 
$
1,246.8

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Payables and accrued liabilities
$
112.5

 
$
120.8

Accrued income taxes
43.7

 
31.4

Current portion of long-term debt
5.8

 
5.8

Total Current Liabilities
162.0

 
158.0

Long-term debt
975.2

 
977.0

Noncurrent income tax payable
29.2

 

Deferred tax liabilities
31.5

 
37.3

Other noncurrent liabilities
53.6

 
49.9

Total Noncurrent Liabilities
1,089.5

 
1,064.2

Total Liabilities
1,251.5

 
1,222.2

Commitments and Contingencies - See Note 14

 

Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
 
 
 
Common stock (par value $1 per share; 250,000,000 shares authorized; outstanding 108,949,168 and 108,815,330 at June 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively)
108.9

 
108.8

Capital in excess of par
2.4

 
4.8

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)
28.6

 
(105.2
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(15.6
)
 
(18.4
)
Total Versum’s Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
124.3

 
(10.0
)
Non-controlling Interests
33.0

 
34.6

Total Stockholders’ Equity
157.3

 
24.6

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
$
1,408.8

 
$
1,246.8


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

5


Versum Materials, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
148.0

 
$
153.8

Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
4.5

 
5.4

Net income attributable to Versum
143.5

 
148.4

Adjustments to reconcile income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
37.8

 
32.5

Deferred income taxes
(4.0
)
 
5.8

Gain on sale of assets
(0.3
)
 
(1.8
)
Share-based compensation
7.4

 
5.6

Other adjustments
11.4

 
3.6

Working capital changes that provided (used) cash:
 
 
 
Trade receivables
(52.3
)
 
(27.8
)
Inventories
(14.4
)
 
(5.9
)
Contracts in progress, less progress billings
(21.8
)
 
5.1

Payables and accrued liabilities
(7.7
)
 
1.5

Accrued income taxes
35.9

 
(4.5
)
Other working capital
0.1

 
24.3

Cash Provided by Operating Activities
135.6

 
186.8

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Additions to plant and equipment
(90.0
)
 
(41.4
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
1.1

 
3.0

Short-term investment

 
(10.0
)
Cash Used for Investing Activities
(88.9
)
 
(48.4
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Payments on long-term debt
(4.3
)
 
(4.3
)
Short-term borrowings

 
1.5

Payments on short-term borrowings

 
(1.5
)
Debt issuance costs

 
(1.7
)
Dividends paid to shareholders
(17.4
)
 
(5.4
)
Dividends paid to non-controlling interests
(6.1
)
 
(1.2
)
Other financing activity
(3.2
)
 
2.1

Cash Used for Financing Activities
(31.0
)
 
(10.5
)
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash
2.4

 
1.0

Increase in Cash and Cash Items
18.1

 
128.9

Cash and Cash items-Beginning of Year
271.4

 
105.6

Cash and Cash items-End of Period
$
289.5

 
$
234.5

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest on debt
$
28.0

 
$
25.9

Cash paid for taxes
$
55.1

 
$
41.0


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

6


Versum Materials, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited)


Common Stock
 
Capital in Excess of Par
 
Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)
 
Air Products’ Net
Investment
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total Versum’s Stockholders’
Equity (Deficit)
 
Non-controlling
Interests
 
Total
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, September 30, 2016
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
(127.3
)
 
$
(10.0
)
 
$
(137.3
)
 
$
33.9

 
$
(103.4
)
Net income

 

 
148.4

 

 

 
148.4

 
5.4

 
153.8

Net Transfer to Air Products

 

 
(291.5
)
 
135.4

 
(2.1
)
 
(158.2
)
 
0.1

 
(158.1
)
Reclassification of Air Products' net investment to additional paid in capital

 
8.1

 

 
(8.1
)
 

 

 

 

Cash dividend paid

 
(5.4
)
 

 

 

 
(5.4
)
 

 
(5.4
)
Issuance of common stock at separation
108.7

 

 

 

 

 
108.7

 

 
108.7

Issuance of common stock through shared based compensation plans
0.1

 

 

 

 

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 
(10.1
)
 
(10.1
)
 
1.2

 
(8.9
)
Share-based compensation

 
4.7

 

 

 

 
4.7

 

 
4.7

Dividends to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1.2
)
 
(1.2
)
Balance, June 30, 2017
$
108.8

 
$
7.4

 
$
(143.1
)
 
$

 
$
(22.2
)
 
$
(49.1
)
 
$
39.4

 
$
(9.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
108.8

 
$
4.8

 
$
(105.2
)
 
$

 
$
(18.4
)
 
$
(10.0
)
 
$
34.6

 
$
24.6

Net income

 

 
143.5

 

 

 
143.5

 
4.5

 
148.0

Cash dividend paid

 
(7.7
)
 
(9.7
)
 

 

 
(17.4
)
 

 
(17.4
)
Issuance of common stock through shared based compensation plans
0.1

 

 

 

 

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
2.8

 
2.8

 

 
2.8

Share-based compensation

 
5.3

 

 

 

 
5.3

 

 
5.3

Dividends to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 
(6.1
)
 
(6.1
)
Balance, June 30, 2018
$
108.9

 
$
2.4

 
$
28.6

 
$

 
$
(15.6
)
 
$
124.3

 
$
33.0

 
$
157.3


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

7


Versum Materials, Inc.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1.BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND MAJOR ACCOUNTING POLICIES

In September 2016, Versum Materials, Inc. was formed and after its Separation from Air Products on October 1, 2016, Versum began operating as an independent public company with its common stock listed under the symbol “VSM” on the New York Stock Exchange.

We are a global business that provides innovative solutions for specific customer applications within niche markets based upon expertise in specialty materials. Our business employs applications technology to provide solutions to the semiconductor industry through chemical synthesis, analytical technology, process engineering, and surface science. We are comprised of two operating segments, Materials and Delivery Systems and Services, under which we manage our operations and assess performance, and a Corporate segment.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements are presented on a consolidated basis and include all of the accounts and operations of Versum and its majority-owned subsidiaries. The financial statements reflect the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Versum in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information.

The financial statements are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the Annual Consolidated Financial Statements presented in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended September 30, 2017. The financial statements reflect all adjustments that, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of the results of the interim periods presented; all adjustments have been included to provide a fair statement of the results for the reporting periods presented. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the full year.

Accounting Policies

The policies used in preparing the Consolidated Financial Statements are the same as those used in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended September 30, 2017. There have been no significant changes to these accounting policies during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018.

Estimates and Assumptions

The Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in conformity with GAAP, using management’s best estimates and judgments where appropriate. These estimates and judgments affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. The estimates and judgments will also affect the reported amounts for certain revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates and judgments.

2.NEW ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE

Accounting Guidance Implemented

Income Taxes

In March 2018, the FASB issued guidance relative to Incomes Taxes (Topic 740) that adds various Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) paragraphs pursuant to the issuance of the December 2017 SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), which was effective immediately. The SEC issued SAB 118 to address concerns about reporting entities’ ability to timely comply with the accounting requirements to recognize all of the effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) in the period of enactment. SAB

8


118 allows disclosure that timely determination of some or all of the income tax effects from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act are incomplete by the due date of the financial statements and if possible to provide a reasonable estimate. We have accounted for the tax effects of the Tax Act under the guidance of SAB 118, on a provisional basis. Our accounting for certain income tax effects is incomplete, but we have determined reasonable estimates for those effects and have recorded provisional amounts in our Consolidated Financial Statements as of June 30, 2018.

Goodwill Impairment

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued guidance simplifying the test for goodwill impairment, which removes certain steps from the goodwill impairment test. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those periods, with early adoption permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company adopted the standard effective October 1, 2017. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Measurement of Inventory

In July 2015, the FASB issued guidance to simplify the measurement of inventory recorded using either the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) or average cost basis by changing the subsequent measurement guidance from lower of cost or market to the lower of cost or net realizable value. Inventory measured using last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) is not impacted. The Company adopted the standard effective October 1, 2017. This guidance did not have a significant impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

New Accounting Guidance to be Implemented

Net Periodic Pension Costs

In March 2017, the FASB issued guidance which requires an entity to report the service cost component of pension expense in the same line item as other compensation costs. The other components of net (benefit) cost will be required to be presented in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations. This standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within those annual periods. The components of the net (benefit) cost are shown in Note 10, Retirement Benefits. The Company will adopt the standard effective October 1, 2018. The adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Business Combinations

In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance on the definition of a business in business combinations. The guidance clarifies the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The definition of a business affects many areas of accounting including acquisitions, disposals, goodwill, and consolidation. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. The Company will adopt the standard effective October 1, 2018. The adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance based on the principle that revenue is recognized in an amount expected to be collected and to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for the transfer of goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date by one year, while providing the option to early adopt the standard on the original effective date. In December 2016 there were further updates to the original guidance that did not revise the effective date. The guidance can be adopted either retrospectively or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company will adopt the standard effective October 1, 2018. The standard could impact the amount and timing of revenue that we recognize. The Company will adopt the standard using the modified retrospective method, with a cumulative-effect adjustment recorded in retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The initial analysis of identifying revenue streams and potential impacts of the new guidance is substantially complete, and the Company is now analyzing

9


the potential magnitude of impact to the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The evaluation of the standard will continue through the date of adoption.

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance which requires lessees to recognize a right of use asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases, including operating leases, with a term in excess of 12 months. The guidance also expands the quantitative and qualitative disclosure requirements. The guidance is effective in fiscal year 2020, with early adoption permitted, and originally required to be applied using a modified retrospective approach. In July 2018, the FASB issued updates to the lease standard making transition requirements less burdensome. The update provides an option to apply the transition provisions of the new standard at its adoption date instead of at the earliest comparative period presented in the Company’s financial statements. The Company is currently the lessee under various agreements for distribution equipment, vehicles and buildings that are currently accounted for as operating leases. The new guidance requires the lessee to record operating leases on the balance sheet with a right-of-use asset and corresponding liability for future payment obligations. The Company will adopt the standard effective October 1, 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this new guidance on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Cash Flow Statement Classification

In August 2016, the FASB issued guidance to reduce diversity in practice on how certain cash receipts and cash payments are classified in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective beginning fiscal year 2019, with early adoption permitted, and should be applied retrospectively. The Company will adopt the standard effective October 1, 2018. The adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

3.BUSINESS SEPARATION, RESTRUCTURING AND COST REDUCTION ACTIONS

The charges we record for business restructuring and cost reduction actions have been excluded from segment operating income.

During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018, we recognized a net charge of $6.7 million and $16.7 million, respectively. The net charge primarily consisted of additional costs as a result of the relocation of certain research and development activities and headquarters and set up of the stand-alone organization and infrastructure.

During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2017, we recognized a net charge of $6.0 million and $15.3 million, respectively. The net charge primarily consisted of additional costs as a result of the relocation of certain research and development activities and headquarters and set up of the stand-alone organization and infrastructure.

The following table summarizes the carrying amount of the accrual for the business separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions at June 30, 2018:
 
Severance and
Other Benefits
(In millions)
 
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
4.2

Current Period Charge
0.4

Cash Payments
(2.3
)
Balance, June 30, 2018
$
2.3



10


4.INVENTORIES

The components of inventories are as follows:
 
June 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
(In millions)

 
 
Inventories at FIFO cost
 
 
 
Finished goods
$
101.4

 
$
87.6

Work in process
15.6

 
20.3

Raw materials, supplies and other
59.5

 
52.5

 
176.5

 
160.4

Less: Excess of FIFO cost over LIFO cost
(9.0
)
 
(8.8
)
Inventories
$
167.5

 
$
151.6


FIFO cost approximates replacement cost.

5.GOODWILL

Changes to the carrying amount of goodwill by segment are as follows:
 
Materials
 
Delivery
Systems and
Services
 
Total
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
165.3

 
$
17.3

 
$
182.6

Currency translation adjustment
0.9

 
0.1

 
1.0

Balance, June 30, 2018
$
166.2

 
$
17.4

 
$
183.6


Goodwill is subject to impairment testing in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year and whenever events and changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of goodwill might not be recoverable. There were no events or circumstances indicating that goodwill might be impaired at June 30, 2018.

6.DEBT

Components of Debt
 
June 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings(A)
$

 
$

Current portion of long-term debt
5.8

 
5.8

Long-term debt
975.2

 
977.0

Total Debt
$
981.0

 
$
982.8


(A)
Represents borrowing under foreign lines of credit by non-U.S. subsidiaries which are short term in nature. Availability under these lines of credit at June 30, 2018 is $20.5 million.


11


Long-term debt
 
June 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
Term loan facility under Credit Agreement
$
564.9

 
$
569.3

Revolving facility under Credit Agreement

 

5.500% Senior Notes due 2024
425.0

 
425.0

Total debt
989.9

 
994.3

Less debt discount
1.8

 
2.5

Less deferred debt costs
7.1

 
9.0

Less current portion of long-term debt
5.8

 
5.8

Long-term debt payable after one year
$
975.2

 
$
977.0


Credit Agreement

On September 30, 2016, Versum entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) providing for a senior secured first lien term loan B facility of $575 million (the “Term Facility”) and a senior secured first lien revolving credit facility of $200 million (the “Revolving Facility” and, together with the Term Facility, the “Senior Credit Facilities”). The Senior Credit Facilities are guaranteed by Versum’s material direct and indirect wholly-owned domestic restricted subsidiaries and secured by substantially all of the assets of Versum and its subsidiary guarantors.

Borrowings under the Term Facility bore interest at a rate of either LIBOR (adjusted for statutory reserve requirements), subject to a minimum floor of 0.75%, plus a margin of 2.50% or an alternate base rate, subject to a minimum floor of 1.75%, plus a margin of 1.50%. On October 10, 2017, Versum amended its Credit Agreement. The amendment decreased the interest rate on borrowings under the Term Facility to LIBOR plus a margin of 2.00%, or an alternate base rate plus a margin of 1.00% (effective rate of 4.33% as of June 30, 2018). The amendment removed the minimum floor on LIBOR and the alternate base rate. If our total leverage ratio is equal to or less than 2.00:1.00 (calculated without any netting of cash on hand) the interest rate will decrease further to LIBOR plus a margin of 1.75%, or an alternate base rate plus a margin of 0.75%. The Term Facility matures on September 30, 2023, and will amortize in equal quarterly installments in aggregate annual amounts equal to 1.00% of the original principal amount of the Term Facility, with the balance payable on September 30, 2023.

Borrowings under the Revolving Facility bear interest initially at a rate of either LIBOR (adjusted for statutory reserve requirements) plus a margin of 2.00% or an alternate base rate plus a margin of 1.00%, subject to a 0.25% margin reduction based on achieving a first lien net leverage ratio of 1.00:1.00. A commitment fee of 0.375% initially, subject to a reduction to 0.25% based on achieving a first lien net leverage ratio of 1.00:1.00, on the unused portion of the Revolving Facility is payable quarterly in arrears. Letter of credit fees are payable on outstanding letters of credit under the Revolving Facility, and fronting fees equal to a percentage to be agreed with each issuing bank (not to exceed 0.125%) are payable to the issuing banks. The Revolving Facility matures on September 30, 2021. A maximum first lien net leverage ratio covenant (total debt net of cash on hand to total adjusted EBITDA) of 3.25:1.00 will apply if we draw upon the Revolving Facility. As of June 30, 2018, we had availability of $200 million under the Revolving Facility.

The Credit Agreement, as amended, provides that, commencing with Versum’s fiscal year ending on September 30, 2017, a percentage of excess cash flow ranging from 0% to 50%, depending on the first lien net leverage ratio, is required to be used to prepay the Term Facility. As of June 30, 2018, there was no requirement to prepay due to excess cash flows.
  
Senior Notes

On September 30, 2016, Versum issued $425 million of 5.5% Senior Notes due 2024. The Notes are unsecured senior obligations of Versum, guaranteed by each of Versum’s subsidiaries that is a guarantor under the Senior Credit Facilities. The Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.5% per annum payable semiannually on March 15 and September 15 of each year, commencing on March 15, 2017. The Notes will mature on September 30, 2024.


12


Versum may, at its option, redeem some or all of the Notes during such times and at such prices as described in the Indenture governing the Senior Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of redemption.

The agreements governing our indebtedness contain a number of affirmative and negative covenants. We were in compliance with all of our covenants at June 30, 2018.

7.INCOME TAXES

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Act was enacted in the U.S. Certain provisions of the Tax Act are effective for the Company’s fiscal year 2018, whereas other material provisions of the Tax Act will not apply to the Company until the Company’s fiscal year 2019.

For fiscal year 2018, Versum’s statutory U.S. federal income tax rate will be 24.5%, which represents a blending of the 35.0% statutory rate under prior law and the new 21.0% statutory rate effective January 1, 2018, prorated based on the number of days during the Company’s current fiscal year that each rate was effective. For fiscal years 2019 and later, the Company’s statutory U.S. federal income tax rate will be 21.0%.

As a result of the Tax Act, the Company recorded a provisional net one-time charge of $34.5 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2018. This charge is comprised of a $45.9 million charge for federal and state taxes on the mandatory deemed repatriation of certain of the Company’s foreign accumulated earnings. We expect to elect to pay the federal portion of the resulting liability, net of available tax credits, over the eight year period provided in the Tax Act, with $2.5 million of the federal liability payable in connection with our fiscal year 2018. The deemed repatriation charge was partially offset by a $11.4 million tax benefit related to the estimated revaluation of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities using the U.S. statutory federal and state income tax rates and compensation deductibility rules that are anticipated to apply when the deferred tax assets and liabilities will become current.

The methodology used in calculating these provisional items incorporates assumptions about required tax adjustments to book earnings, foreign taxes paid, future executive compensation levels, estimated temporary book to tax differences, pending guidance and other items. We will continue to obtain information, actively monitor factual and legal developments, complete our tax compliance cycles, analyze and review the available information, and expect to adjust the provisional tax accrual consistent with the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118.

Beginning in the Company’s fiscal year 2019, Versum will be subject to additional provisions in accordance with the Tax Act. These provisions include income inclusions, limitations on interest expense and other deductions and our ability to utilize certain tax credits, and minimum taxes, among other things. The Company will be monitoring and actively working throughout fiscal year 2018 to refine the provision tax accruals.

Versum records U.S. income and foreign withholding taxes on the undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries and corporate joint ventures unless those earnings are indefinitely reinvested. For the nine months ended June 30, 2018, the accrued expense related to withholding taxes on undistributed earnings is $2.5 million.


13


8.FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

We enter into forward exchange contracts to hedge the fair value exposure on inter-company loans. During the three months ended June 30, 2018, this portfolio of forward exchange contracts consisted primarily of Japanese Yen and U.S. Dollars as well as Euros and U.S. Dollars. During the three months ended June 30, 2017, this portfolio of forward exchange contracts consisted primarily of Korean Won and U.S. Dollars as well as Euros and U.S. Dollars. The maximum remaining term of any forward exchange contract currently outstanding at June 30, 2018 and 2017 was approximately 3 months. At June 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, the total notional principal amount of our outstanding hedge contracts was $32.3 million and $158.4 million, respectively.

As of June 30, 2018 and September 30, 2017, there were no derivatives designated as hedging instruments. The tables below summarize the fair values of our derivatives not designated as hedging instruments and balance sheet location of these outstanding derivatives:
 
June 30, 2018
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Amount
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Amount
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forward exchange contracts
Other current assets
 
$
0.4

 
Payables and accrued liabilities
 
$
0.2

 
September 30, 2017
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Amount
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Amount
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forward exchange contracts
Other current assets
 
$
0.9

 
Payables and accrued liabilities
 
$
1.5


Refer to Note 9, Fair Value, which defines fair value, describes the method for measuring fair value, and provides additional disclosures regarding fair value measurements.

The table below summarizes the gain or loss related to our forward contracts:

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
(In millions)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Forward Exchange Contracts, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (gain) loss recognized in other (income) expense, net(A)
$
(1.3
)
 
$
2.3

 
$
0.6

 
$
3.4


(A)
The impact of the non-designated hedges noted above was largely offset by gains and losses resulting from the impact of changes in exchange rates on recognized assets and liabilities denominated in nonfunctional currencies.

The cash flows related to all derivative contracts are reported in the operating activities section of the consolidated statements of cash flows.


14


9.FAIR VALUE

Fair value is defined as an exit price, i.e., the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels as follows:

Level 1 - Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 - Inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

Level 3 - Inputs that are unobservable for the asset or liability based on our own assumptions (about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability).

The methods and assumptions used to measure the fair value of financial instruments are as follows:

Derivatives

The fair value of our forward exchange contracts is quantified using the income approach and are based on estimates using standard pricing models. These models take into account the value of future cash flows as of the balance sheet date, discounted to a present value using discount factors that match both the time to maturity and currency of the underlying instruments. The computation of the fair values of these instruments is generally performed by the Company. These standard pricing models utilize inputs which are derived from or corroborated by observable market data such as interest rate yield curves and currency spot and forward rates. Therefore, the fair value of our derivatives is classified as a level 2 measurement.

Refer to Note 8, Financial Instruments, for a description of derivative instruments, including details on the balance sheet line classifications.

Long-term Debt

The fair value of our Senior Notes is based primarily on quoted market prices reported on or near the respective balance sheet date and is therefore level 1. The fair value of our Term Facility debt is based on estimates using standard pricing models that take into account the value of future cash flows as of the balance sheet date, discounted to a present value using market based assumptions including published interest rates. This standard valuation model utilizes observable market data therefore, the fair value of our debt is classified as a level 2 measurement.

The carrying values and fair values of our derivatives and debt are as follows:
 
June 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
(In millions)
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forward Exchange Contracts
$
0.4

 
$
0.4

 
$
0.9

 
$
0.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forward Exchange Contracts
$
0.2

 
$
0.2

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.5

Long-term Debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Notes
$
430.8

 
$
425.0

 
$
450.5

 
$
425.0

Term Facility
565.3

 
564.9

 
575.7

 
569.3

Total Long-term Debt
$
996.1

 
$
989.9

 
$
1,026.2

 
$
994.3



15


The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheet for cash and cash items, trade receivables, payables and accrued liabilities, and accrued income taxes approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. Accordingly, these items have been excluded from the above table.

10.RETIREMENT BENEFITS

Defined Benefit Pensions

Our plans provide certain international employees in Germany, Korea and Taiwan various pension benefits. Charges to expense are based upon actuarial analysis.

The components of net periodic pension costs for Versum’s defined benefit pension plans are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
0.5

 
$
0.6

 
$
1.5

 
$
1.7

Interest cost
0.2

 
0.1

 
0.6

 
0.4

Expected return on assets
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.1
)
 

Actuarial loss amortization

 
0.2

 

 
0.4

Net periodic pension cost
$
0.6

 
$
0.9

 
$
2.0

 
$
2.5


Defined Contribution Plan

Versum provides benefits for all U.S. employees and certain non-U.S. employees under a Versum defined contribution plan.

The following table summarizes our defined contribution expense:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined contribution expense
$
2.2

 
$
2.1

 
$
6.4

 
$
5.8


11.SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

In accordance with the Employee Matters Agreement entered into between Versum and Air Products on September 29, 2016 in connection with the Separation, all share-based compensation awards previously granted to Versum employees under Air Products’ Long-Term Incentive Plan that were outstanding on October 1, 2016, other than restricted stock, were adjusted and converted into Versum equity with substantially the same terms and conditions as the original Air Products awards. The converted awards will continue to vest over the original vesting period defined at the grant date. 

As a result of the conversion, we have the following outstanding share-based compensation awards: (a) stock options; (b) time-based restricted stock units; and (c) market-based restricted stock units.

During the nine months ended June 30, 2017, under the Versum Long-Term Incentive Plan we made a one-time Founders grant of time-based restricted stock units. In addition, during the nine months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 we granted annual awards of market-based restricted stock units, consisting of performance-based restricted stock units and performance-based market stock units. Under all programs, the terms of the awards are fixed at the grant date. We issue new shares upon the payout of restricted stock units and the exercise of stock options. As of June 30, 2018, there were 3.2 million shares available for future grant under the Versum Long-Term Incentive Plan.


16


Total after-tax share-based compensation awards cost recognized in the consolidated income statement is summarized below:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Before-Tax Share-Based Compensation Award Cost
$
2.4

 
$
2.1

 
$
7.4

 
$
5.6

Income Tax Benefit
0.6

 
0.8

 
1.8

 
2.0

After-Tax Share-Based Compensation Award Cost
$
1.8

 
$
1.3

 
$
5.6

 
$
3.6


Before-tax share-based compensation award cost is primarily included in selling and administrative expense on our consolidated income statements.

Total before-tax share-based compensation award cost by type of program was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted stock units
$
2.3

 
$
2.0

 
$
7.0

 
$
5.4

Stock options

 
0.1

 

 
0.2

Director awards
0.1

 

 
0.4

 

Before-Tax Share-Based Compensation Cost
$
2.4

 
$
2.1

 
$
7.4

 
$
5.6


Restricted Stock Units

Converted share-based compensation awards. As a result of the conversion in connection with the Separation described above, Versum executive officers and employees have outstanding time-based restricted stock units and market-based restricted stock units. These converted restricted stock units entitle the recipient to shares of common stock and accumulated dividends upon vesting. The payout of the converted market-based restricted stock units is conditioned on continued employment during a three year deferral period subject to payout upon death, disability, or retirement. The converted time-based restricted stock units vest four years after the grant date subject to payout upon death, disability or retirement. Upon involuntary termination without cause, a pro rata portion of restricted stock units will vest. Dividend equivalents are paid in cash and equal the dividends that would have accrued on a share of stock from the grant date to the vesting date.

New share-based compensation awards
During the nine months ended June 30, 2018, under its Long-Term Incentive Plan Versum granted 200,088 market based restricted stock units, consisting of performance-based restricted stock units and performance-based market stock units. The performance-based restricted stock units are earned at the end of a performance period beginning October 1, 2017 and ending September 30, 2020, conditioned on the level of Versum’s total shareholder return in relation to a defined peer group over the three-year performance period. The performance-based market stock units are earned based on the percentage change in the price of Versum’s common stock over the performance period beginning October 1, 2017 and ending September 30, 2020.

During the nine months ended June 30, 2017, under the Versum Long-Term Incentive Plan we made a one-time Founders grant of 424,247 time-based restricted stock units at a weighted-average grant-date fair value of $22.53 per unit. One third of these restricted stock units vest on October 1, 2018, one third vest on October 1, 2019, and one third vest on October 1, 2020, subject to the holder’s continued employment with the Company.


17


In addition, during the nine months ended June 30, 2017, under its Long-Term Incentive Plan Versum granted 304,520 market-based restricted stock units, consisting of performance-based restricted stock units and performance-based market stock units. The performance-based restricted stock units are earned at the end of a performance period beginning October 1, 2016 and ending September 30, 2019, conditioned on the level of Versum’s total shareholder return in relation to a defined peer group over the three-year performance period. The performance-based market stock units are earned based on the percentage change in the price of Versum’s common stock over the performance period beginning October 1, 2016 and ending September 30, 2019.

Subject to the recipient’s continued employment, these market-based restricted stock units granted during the nine months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 generally vest on the date that the Versum Compensation Committee certifies the payout determination under the performance goals, which date must be within 90 days after the end of the performance period. Vesting is subject to certain exceptions in the event of involuntary termination by Versum, death, disability or retirement. Under GAAP, both the performance-based restricted stock units and performance-based market stock units are considered market-based awards. Upon vesting, restricted stock units represent the right to receive shares of our common stock. Dividend equivalent rights accrue for these awards, but do not vest unless the underlying awards vest.

The market-based restricted stock units awarded during the nine months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 had an estimated grant-date fair value of $50.18 and $29.68, respectively, per unit for the performance-based restricted stock units and $45.71 and $28.37, respectively, for the performance-based market stock units. The fair value of market-based restricted stock units was estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation model as these equity awards are tied to a market condition. The model utilizes multiple input variables that determine the probability of satisfying the market condition stipulated in the grant and calculates the fair value of the awards.

We generally expense the grant-date fair value of these awards on a straight-line basis over the vesting period; however, expense recognition is accelerated for retirement eligible individuals who meet the requirements for vesting upon retirement.

The calculation of the fair value of market-based restricted stock units during the nine months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 used the following assumptions:
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
(In percentages)
 
 
 
Expected volatility
28.0
%
 
28.7
%
Risk-free interest rate
1.9
%
 
1.4
%
Expected dividend yield
0.5
%
 
%

A summary of restricted stock unit activity is presented below:
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value
(In millions, except weighted average)
 
 
 
Outstanding, September 30, 2017
1.1

 
$
25.30

Granted
0.2

 
47.23

Paid out
(0.2
)
 
29.65

Outstanding, June 30, 2018
1.1

 
$
29.46


18


 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value
(In millions, except weighted average)
 
 
 
Outstanding, September 30, 2016

 
$

Converted on October 1, 2016
0.5

 
22.85

Granted
0.7

 
25.30

Paid out
(0.1
)
 
15.55

Outstanding, June 30, 2017
1.1

 
$
25.30


No cash payments were made for restricted stock units for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. As of June 30, 2018 and 2017, there was $16.0 million and $16.1 million, respectively, of unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted stock units. The cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.1 and 2.7 years, respectively. The total fair value of restricted stock units paid out during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018, including shares vested in prior periods, was $0.0 million and $5.0 million, respectively. The total fair value of restricted stock units paid out during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2017, including shares vested in prior periods, was $0.0 million and $1.7 million, respectively.

Stock Options

We may grant awards of options to purchase common stock to executive officers and selected employees. All of our outstanding stock options are a result of the conversion in connection with the Separation as described above. The exercise price of stock options equals the market price of our stock on the date of the grant. Options generally vest incrementally over three years and remain exercisable for ten years from the date of grant.

During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, no stock options were granted.

A summary of stock option activity is presented below:
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
(In millions, except weighted average)
 
 
 
Outstanding, September 30, 2017
0.5

 
$
18.55

Granted

 

Exercised

 

Outstanding, June 30, 2018
0.5

 
$
18.67

 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
(In millions, except weighted average)
 
 
 
Outstanding, September 30, 2016

 
$

Converted on October 1, 2016
0.5

 
18.37

Granted

 

Exercised

 

Outstanding, June 30, 2017
0.5

 
$
18.36


19


 
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Terms (In years)
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
(In millions, except years)
 
 
 
Outstanding, June 30, 2018
5.0
 
$
8.5

Exercisable, June 30, 2018
5.0
 
8.5

 
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Terms (In years)
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
(In millions, except years)
 
 
 
Outstanding, June 30, 2017
5.7
 
$
7.2

Exercisable, June 30, 2017
5.6
 
7.0



The aggregate intrinsic value represents the amount by which our closing stock price of $37.15 and $32.50 as of June 30, 2018 and 2017 exceeds the exercise price multiplied by the number of in-the-money options outstanding or exercisable.

The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018 was $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the three and nine months ended June 30, 2017 was $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

Compensation cost is generally recognized over the stated vesting period consistent with the terms of the arrangement (i.e., either on a straight-line or graded-vesting basis). Expense recognition is accelerated for retirement-eligible individuals who would meet the requirements for vesting of awards upon their retirement. As of June 30, 2018, the stock options were fully expensed. As of June 30, 2017, there was $0.1 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 0.4 years.

Director Awards

Non-employee directors were granted equity awards under the Versum Long-Term Incentive Plan, with a grant date fair value of $100,000 annually. In the second quarter 2018 non-employee directors were granted restricted stock units for service on our Board of Directors through the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders. Subject to continued service on the Board of Directors, the restricted stock units vest on the earlier of February 8, 2019, and the date immediately prior to Versum's next annual meeting of stockholders, and will be settled in common stock upon vesting. The grant date fair value per share is equal to the closing sales price of our common stock as reported on the New York Stock Exchange on the date of grant.

During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018, $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively, in share-based compensation expense was recognized related to these awards.


20


12.STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The table below summarizes changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCL”), net of tax:

 
Net income on derivatives qualifying as hedges
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
Pension and postretirement benefits
 
Total
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
(0.2
)
 
$
(16.0
)
 
$
(2.2
)
 
$
(18.4
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
0.2

 
3.0

 
(0.5
)
 
2.7

Amounts reclassified from AOCL

 

 
0.1

 
0.1

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
0.2

 
3.0

 
(0.4
)
 
2.8

Other comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2018
$

 
$
(13.0
)
 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
(15.6
)
 
Net loss on derivatives qualifying as hedges
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
Pension and postretirement benefits
 
Total
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, September 30, 2016
$
(0.2
)
 
$
(9.8
)
 
$

 
$
(10.0
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications

 
(9.2
)
 

 
(9.2
)
Net transfers from Air Products

 
3.8

 
(5.9
)
 
(2.1
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCL

 

 
0.3

 
0.3

Net current period other comprehensive loss

 
(5.4
)
 
(5.6
)
 
(11.0
)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 
1.2

 

 
1.2

Balance, June 30, 2017
$
(0.2
)
 
$
(16.4
)
 
$
(5.6
)
 
$
(22.2
)

The table below summarizes the reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and the affected line item on the consolidated income statements:
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
Pension Benefits, net of tax(A)
$
0.1

 
$
0.3


(A) 
The components include actuarial loss amortization and are reflected in net periodic benefit cost. Refer to Note 10, Retirement Benefits, for further information.


21


Cash Dividend

Holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to receive dividends when they are declared by the Company’s Board of Directors. On October 31, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.05 per share, totaling $5.5 million, which was paid on November 27, 2017 to shareholders of record as of November 13, 2017. On January 30, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.05 per share, totaling $5.4 million, which was paid on February 27, 2018 to shareholders of record as of February 13, 2018. On May 1, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.06 per share, totaling $6.5 million, which was paid on May 29, 2018 to shareholders of record as of May 15, 2018.

Future dividend declarations, if any, as well as the record and payment dates for such dividends, are subject to the final determination of the Company’s Board of Directors.

13.EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions, except per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income Attributable to Versum
$
63.3

 
$
52.7

 
$
143.5

 
$
148.4

Denominator


 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares - Basic
108.9

 
108.8

 
108.9

 
108.7

Effect of dilutive securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employee stock option and other award plans
0.9

 
0.7

 
0.8

 
0.6

Weighted average number of common shares - Diluted
109.8

 
109.5

 
109.7

 
109.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings Per Common Share Attributable to Versum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income Attributable to Versum - Basic
$
0.58

 
$
0.48

 
$
1.32

 
$
1.36

Net Income Attributable to Versum - Diluted
0.58

 
0.48

 
1.31

 
1.36


For the three and nine months ended June 30, 2018, outstanding share-based awards of 0.2 million shares were anti-dilutive and therefore excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share. For the three and nine months ended June 30, 2017, no outstanding share-based awards were anti-dilutive.

14.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Litigation

In the normal course of business, Versum may be involved in various legal proceedings, including commercial, environmental, health, safety, and product liability matters. Although litigation with respect to these matters is routine and incidental to the conduct of our business, such litigation may result in large monetary awards for compensatory and punitive damages. Versum does not currently believe that there are any legal proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, that are reasonably possible to have a material impact on its financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. While Versum cannot predict the outcome of any litigation, environmental, or regulatory matter or the potential for future litigation or regulatory action, we have evaluated all litigation, environmental and regulatory proceedings, claims and assessments in which Versum is involved, and do not believe that any of these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will result in losses that are materially in excess of amounts already recognized, if any.


22


Refer to Note 21 of "Notes to the Annual Consolidated Financial Statements" in Item 8 of Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, for additional information regarding commitments and contingencies.

15.SEGMENT INFORMATION

We are comprised of two primary operating segments, Materials and Delivery Systems and Services, under which we manage our operations and assess performance, and a Corporate segment. Our segments are differentiated by the types of products sold.

Segment
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Materials
$
218.5

 
$
206.4

 
$
652.0

 
$
612.7

Delivery Systems and Services
130.7

 
83.5

 
367.1

 
217.1

Corporate
0.8

 
0.9

 
2.4

 
2.6

Total
$
350.0

 
$
290.8

 
$
1,021.5

 
$
832.4

Operating Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Materials
$
71.4

 
$
69.6

 
$
208.8

 
$
207.6

Delivery Systems and Services
37.2

 
24.0

 
103.5

 
54.1

Corporate
(5.7
)
 
(6.6
)
 
(21.1
)
 
(16.4
)
Segment Total
$
102.9

 
$
87.0

 
$
291.2

 
$
245.3

Business separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions
(6.7
)
 
(6.0
)
 
(16.7
)
 
(15.3
)
Total
$
96.2

 
$
81.0

 
$
274.5

 
$
230.0

 
June 30, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
Total Assets
 
 
 
Materials
$
841.5

 
$
773.8

Delivery Systems and Services
172.7

 
110.9

Corporate
394.6

 
362.1

Total
$
1,408.8

 
$
1,246.8


16.    SUBSEQUENT EVENT

Cash Dividend

On July 31, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.06 per share, to be paid on August 28, 2018 to shareholders of record as of August 14, 2018.



23


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, the financial statements and notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for the year ended September 30, 2017, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements may be identified by references to future periods, and include statements about the fiscal year 2018 financial outlook or guidance for Versum; and statements about our business strategies, operating plans, anticipated growth rates, and prospects, anticipated profitability and margins, sales expectations, future operating income and Adjusted EBITDA; our ability to continue successfully providing innovative solutions to customers through technology; estimates regarding future capital requirements; estimates of expenses and cost reduction efforts; estimates of future tax liability and effective tax rates; our ability to execute on our strategy, including our ability to enhance our portfolio positions through future organic and inorganic investments; our ability to meet customer demand; estimates of the size of the market for our products; forecasted industry capital spending and anticipated demand for our products; our ability to compete successfully as a leading materials supplier to the semiconductor industry and obtain next generation node opportunities; our successful and timely completion of various capital projects; and other matters. The words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “project,” “estimate,” “budget,” “continue,” “could,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “seek,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “objective,” “forecast,” “goal,” “guidance,” “outlook,” “target,” “opportunity” and similar expressions, among others, generally identify forward-looking statements, which are based on management’s reasonable expectations and assumptions as of the date the statements were made. Actual results and the outcomes of future events may differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements because of a number of risks and uncertainties, including, without limitation, product supply versus demand imbalances in the semiconductor industry or in certain geographic markets may decrease the demand for our goods and services; our concentrated customer base; our dependence upon the capital expenditure cycles of our customers; our ability to continue technological innovation and successfully introduce new products to meet the evolving needs of our customers; our ability to protect and enforce our intellectual property rights and to avoid violating any third party intellectual property or technology rights; unexpected interruption of or shortages in our raw material supply; inability of sole source, limited source or qualified suppliers to deliver to us in a timely manner or at all; hazards associated with specialty chemical manufacturing, such as fires, explosions and accidents, could disrupt our operations or the operations of our suppliers or customers; increased competition and new product development by our competitors, changing customer needs and price changes in materials and components could result in declining demand for our products; operational, political and legal risks of our international operations, including government actions such as trade wars; recent changes in U.S. tax laws; the impact of changes in environmental and health and safety regulations, anticorruption enforcement, sanctions, import/export controls, tax and other legislation and regulations in jurisdictions in which Versum Materials and its affiliates operate; our available cash and access to additional capital may be limited by substantial leverage and debt service obligations; uncertainty regarding the availability of financing to us in the future and the terms of such financing; agreements governing our indebtedness may restrict our current and future operations, and hamper our ability to respond to changes or to take certain actions; government regulation of raw materials, products and facilities may impact our product manufacturing processes, handling, storage, transportation, uses and applications; possible liability for contamination, personal injury or third party impacts if hazardous materials are released into the environment; cyber security threats may compromise our data or disrupt our information technology applications or services; fluctuation of currency exchange rates; costs and outcomes of litigation or regulatory investigations; the timing, impact, and other uncertainties of future acquisitions or divestitures; restrictions in our governing documents and of Delaware law may prevent or delay an acquisition of us; tax and other potential liabilities to Air Products assumed in connection with the separation and spin-off; restrictions against engaging in certain corporate transactions for two years following the separation and spin-off; potential conflicts of interest between us and Air Products by our directors and officers; potential liabilities arising out of state and federal fraudulent conveyance laws and legal dividend requirements with respect to the separation and spin-off and related internal reorganization transactions; and other risk factors described in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and in any of our subsequently filed Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, each as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and available on the Internet at www.sec.gov. Versum disclaims any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained in this document to reflect any change in assumptions, beliefs or expectations or any change in circumstances upon which any such forward-looking statements are based.


24


The discussion that follows includes comparisons to non-GAAP financial measures. The presentation of non-GAAP measures is intended to enhance the usefulness of financial information by providing measures which, when viewed together with our financial results reported in accordance with GAAP, provide a more complete understanding of the factors and trends affecting our historical financial performance and projected future results. The reconciliation of reported GAAP results to non-GAAP measures is presented in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

OVERVIEW

Description of the Company

Versum is a global business that provides innovative solutions for specific customer applications based on our expertise in specialty materials for the semiconductor industry. Versum is comprised of two operating segments, Materials and Delivery Systems and Services (“DS&S”), under which we manage our operations and assess performance, and a Corporate segment. Strong customer relationships, collaborative development, technology leadership, unique product positioning and a strong global infrastructure with in-region flexible manufacturing capabilities are fundamental to our business.

Versum is a leading global producer of critical materials, including high purity process materials, cleaners and etchants, slurries, organosilanes and organometallics, and equipment which we sell to the semiconductor and display industries. Through our global network, our business positions its research, manufacturing and technical support close to its customer facilities, enabling supply chain optimization and rapid response times to the product and service needs of our customers. Many of our products have undergone rigorous product performance and quality reviews by our customers to be qualified for use in their products or manufacturing processes. Once these qualification processes are completed and our products are designated by our customers for use in their processes or products, it is often time consuming and costly for our customers to change suppliers. Our products perform critical tasks in customers’ products or manufacturing processes, yet typically represent a very small portion of the cost of the end product. Over the last 20 plus years, we have developed strong relationships with the majority of the industry-leading Integrated Device Manufacturers, Foundries and Original Equipment Manufacturers through on-site service and technical personnel at these customers’ facilities.

In addition to our two operating segments, our Corporate segment includes certain administrative costs associated with operating a public company, foreign exchange gains and losses and other income and expense that cannot be directly associated with operating segments. Assets in the Corporate segment include cash and deferred tax assets.

Our Markets

Our business is driven primarily by the demand for semiconductors for both logic and memory and to a lower extent, displays. Growth in mobile devices, cloud computing, connectivity and data monitoring and storage are driving increasing demand for semiconductors and displays into durable goods and other devices. This has resulted in increased correlation between semiconductor demand and global gross domestic product (“GDP”). In our Materials segment, demand for our products is correlated to the level of semiconductor production which in turn is correlated to general GDP. Demand for our products is further enhanced by participation in the advanced technologies and changing architecture of semiconductor devices. In our DS&S segment, product demand more closely follows the amount of capital investment for equipment and manufacturing capacity in the semiconductor industry and sales are impacted by our customers’ investment in new fabrication facilities or in refurbishing existing fabrication facilities.

In fiscal 2017, we experienced growth in our business due to favorable trends in the underlying semiconductor market. This included strong VNAND memory demand fueled by the industry’s move to more vertical layers and the transition to 10 NM production in advanced logic devices. Capital spending by the semiconductor industry was at historically high levels, driving demand for equipment in our DS&S segment. In addition, increasing semiconductor output levels fueled demand for our products in the Materials segment.

Longer term semiconductor industry growth is expected to remain attractive, growing at a multiple of GDP driven by the broadening use of technology into many market segments including automotive, industrial, medical, data analytic and consumer applications.


25


For 2018, we expect semiconductor growth to be in the 6 to 7% range as measured by MSI (millions of square inches of silicon produced) and semiconductor capital spending, measured by WFE (wafer fab equipment spending) to be 9 to 11%.

We believe semiconductor growth will continue to translate into strong demand for both new and legacy material products in our Materials segment. To take advantage of the strong market we expect to continue to innovate and increase manufacturing capability for our new products in our Advanced Materials product line. We expect to increase our investment to support organic growth to enhance our positions in key geographies such as Korea and China and improve our cost and capacity positions for key products in our Materials segment. We expect lessening headwinds from pricing and continued capacity constraints for certain products in our Process Materials product line.

We expect our DS&S segment to continue to produce strong results based on the continued high level of industry capital spending especially for the memory market, our position with key customers and the further development of the semiconductor market in China.

Performance Summary

Third Quarter 2018 vs Third Quarter 2017

Sales of $350.0 million increased $59.2 million, or 20.4%. Sales increased due to higher volumes of 21% partially offset by unfavorable price/mix of 2%. The increase in sales was driven by growth from both the DS&S and Materials segments. Advanced Materials saw double digit volume growth with more modest growth in Process Materials. Currency changes had a favorable impact on sales of 1%.

Operating income of $96.2 million increased $15.2 million, or 18.8%, due to higher volumes of $23 million partially offset by unfavorable gross profit impacts of $5 million primarily due to price/mix and depreciation, higher Selling & Administrative and Research & Development (“SARD”) and other costs of $2 million and unfavorable separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions of $1 million. Operating income margin was 27.5%, down 40 basis points (“bp”).

Adjusted EBITDA of $116.8 million increased $19.1 million, or 19.5%, primarily due to higher volumes of $23 million partially offset by unfavorable gross profit impacts of $2 million and higher SARD and other costs of $2 million. The major drivers of the improved performance were the strong volumes in both DS&S and Advanced Materials. These were partially offset by unfavorable gross profit impacts in Process Materials, including price/mix, and higher SARD and other costs to support growth. Adjusted EBITDA margin was 33.4%, down 20 bp.

Cash flows from operations for the nine months ended June 30, 2018 was $135.6 million, with cash used for capital spending of $90.0 million, including $27.8 million of capital spending related to one-time restructuring activities, versus cash flows from operations for the nine months ended June 30, 2017 of $186.8 million. The reduction of $51.2 million was primarily due to increased working capital to support growth and prior year spin related positive cash flow impacts.


26


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Discussion of Consolidated Results - Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 vs. Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
Sales
$
350.0

 
$
290.8

Cost of sales
200.4

 
159.6

Selling and administrative
35.2

 
34.5

Research and development
12.4

 
11.9

Business separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions
6.7

 
6.0

Other (income) expense, net
(0.9
)
 
(2.2
)
Operating income
96.2

 
81.0

Interest expense
12.5

 
11.9

Income Before Taxes
83.7

 
69.1

Income tax provision
19.6

 
14.4

Net Income
64.1

 
54.7

Less: Net Income Attributable to Non-controlling Interests
0.8

 
2.0

Net Income Attributable to Versum
$
63.3

 
$
52.7

Non-GAAP Basis
 
 
 
Adjusted EBITDA
$
116.8

 
$
97.7


Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 vs. 2017
 
% Change from Prior Period
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
Sales
 
Volume
21
 %
Price/mix
(2
)%
Currency
1
 %
Total Versum Change
20
 %

Sales of $350.0 million increased $59.2 million, or 20.4%. Sales increased due to higher volumes of 21% partially offset by unfavorable price/mix of 2%. Currency changes had a favorable impact on sales of 1%. The Materials segment’s sales increased 6% from double digit volume growth in Advanced Materials with more modest growth in Process Materials partially offset by unfavorable price/mix. The DS&S segment’s sales increased 57% primarily driven by continued strong equipment and installation sales growth due to robust demand across all markets, especially Korea and China.

Operating Income and Operating Margin

Operating income of $96.2 million increased $15.2 million, or 18.8%, due to higher volumes of $23 million partially offset by unfavorable gross profit impacts, including price/mix and depreciation, of $5 million, higher SARD and other costs of $2 million and unfavorable separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions of $1 million. Operating margin decreased 40 bp.


27


Cost of Sales and Gross Profit Margin

Cost of sales of $200.4 million increased $40.8 million, or 25.6%, as a result of higher DS&S activity of $32 million and higher raw materials cost of $9 million primarily due to higher volumes. Gross profit margin of 42.7% decreased by 240 bp primarily as a result of unfavorable segment mix due to robust DS&S revenues.

Selling and Administrative Expense

Selling and administrative expense of $35.2 million increased by $0.7 million. There were no significant items driving the change. Selling and administrative expense as a percent of sales decreased to 10.1% from 11.9%.

Research and Development

Research and development expense of $12.4 million increased $0.5 million, or 4.2%, due to increased spending following our prior year restructuring. Research and development expense as a percent of sales remained flat at 3.5%.

Business Separation, Restructuring and Cost Reduction Actions

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, we recognized a net charge of $6.7 million. The net charge primarily consisted of additional costs as a result of the relocation of certain research and development activities and headquarters and set up of the stand-alone organization and infrastructure.

Other (Income) Expense, Net

Items recorded to other (income) expense, net arise from transactions and events not directly related to our principal income earning activities.

Other income, net was $0.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to $2.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017. There were no significant items driving the change.

Interest Expense

Interest incurred increased $0.6 million due to interest rate fluctuations.

Effective Tax Rate

The effective tax rate equals the income tax provision divided by income before taxes. The effective tax rate was 23.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to 20.8% for the three months ended June 30, 2017. The increase in effective tax rate was attributable primarily to (1) a decrease in the benefits associated with foreign tax holidays; and (2) a tax charge related to non-deductible foreign exchange loss in a foreign jurisdiction.
 

28


Discussion of Consolidated Results - Nine Months Ended June 30, 2018 vs. Nine Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
Nine Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions)
 
 
 
Sales
$
1,021.5

 
$
832.4

Cost of sales
587.9

 
465.0

Selling and administrative
107.1

 
94.2

Research and development
36.2

 
33.1

Business separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions
16.7

 
15.3

Other (income) expense, net
(0.9
)
 
(5.2
)
Operating income
274.5

 
230.0

Interest expense
35.7

 
35.0

Write-off of financing costs
2.1

 

Income Before Taxes
236.7

 
195.0

Income tax provision
88.7

 
41.2

Net Income
148.0

 
153.8

Less: Net Income Attributable to Non-controlling Interests
4.5

 
5.4

Net Income Attributable to Versum
$
143.5

 
$
148.4

Non-GAAP Basis
 
 
 
Adjusted EBITDA
$
329.0

 
$
277.8


Nine Months Ended June 30, 2018 vs. 2017
 
% Change from Prior Period
 
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2018
Sales
 
Volume
25
 %
Price/mix
(3
)%
Currency
1
 %
Total Versum Change
23
 %

Sales of $1,021.5 million increased $189.1 million, or 22.7%. Sales increased due to higher volumes of 25% partially offset by unfavorable price/mix of 3%. Currency changes had a favorable impact on sales of 1%. The Materials segment’s sales increased 6% led by strong volume growth in both Advanced Materials and Process Materials offset by unfavorable price/mix primarily in Process Materials. The DS&S segment’s sales increased 69% primarily driven by continued strong equipment and installation sales growth especially in Korea and China.

Operating Income and Operating Margin

Operating income of $274.5 million increased $44.5 million, or 19.3%, due to higher volumes of $81 million offset by higher SARD and other costs of $20 million, unfavorable gross profit impacts of $14 million and unfavorable separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions of $2 million. Operating margin decreased 70 bp.

Cost of Sales and Gross Profit Margin

Cost of sales of $587.9 million increased $122.9 million, or 26.4%, as a result of higher DS&S activity of $96 million and higher raw materials cost of $22 million due to higher volumes and higher costs of $5 million. Gross profit margin of 42.4% decreased by 170 bp primarily as a result of unfavorable segment mix due to robust DS&S revenues.

29


Selling and Administrative Expense

Selling and administrative expense of $107.1 million increased by $12.9 million. The increase was primarily due to increased staffing to support business growth and infrastructure costs attributed to becoming an independent company. Selling and administrative expense as a percent of sales decreased to 10.5% from 11.3%.

Research and Development

Research and development expense of $36.2 million increased $3.1 million, or 9.4%, due to increased spending following our prior year restructuring. Research and development expense as a percent of sales remained flat at 3.5%.

Business Separation, Restructuring and Cost Reduction Actions

During the nine months ended June 30, 2018, we recognized a net charge of $16.7 million. The net charge primarily consisted of additional costs as a result of the relocation of certain research and development activities and headquarters and set up of the stand-alone organization and infrastructure.

Other (Income) Expense, Net

Items recorded to other (income) expense, net arise from transactions and events not directly related to our principal income earning activities.

Other income, net was $0.9 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2018 compared to $5.2 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2017. This change is primarily due to changes in foreign exchange on overseas cash holdings.

Interest Expense

Interest incurred increased $0.7 million due to interest rate fluctuations.

Effective Tax Rate

The effective tax rate equals the income tax provision divided by income before taxes. The effective tax rate was 37.5% for the nine months ended June 30, 2018 compared to 21.1% for the nine months ended June 30, 2017. The change in effective tax rate was attributable primarily to (1) a one-time U.S. tax charge on the deemed mandatory repatriation of certain accumulated foreign earnings as a result of the newly-enacted Tax Act, (2) a one-time revaluation of deferred tax assets and liabilities as a result of the tax rate and compensation deductibility provisions in the Tax Act, (3) the reduction in the benefits associated with foreign tax holidays; and (4) a tax benefit related to reversal of an uncertain tax position in a foreign jurisdiction as a result of a statute of limitation expiration. See Note 7, “Income Taxes”, to our Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.


30


RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

The discussion of our results includes comparisons to non-GAAP financial measures, including Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. The presentation of non-GAAP measures is intended to enhance the usefulness of financial information by providing measures which management uses internally to evaluate our operating performance.

We use non-GAAP measures to assess our operating performance by excluding certain disclosed items that we believe are not representative of our underlying business. Management may use these non-GAAP measures to evaluate our performance period over period and relative to competitors in our industry, to analyze underlying trends in our business, to establish operational budgets and forecasts or for incentive compensation purposes. We use Adjusted EBITDA to calculate performance-based cash bonuses. We use Segment Adjusted EBITDA as the primary measure to evaluate the ongoing performance of our business segments. We believe non-GAAP financial measures provide security analysts, investors and other interested parties with meaningful information to understand our underlying operating results and to analyze financial and business trends. Non-GAAP financial measures, including Adjusted EBITDA, should not be viewed in isolation, are not a substitute for GAAP measures, and have limitations which include but are not limited to:

Our measures exclude (1) expenses related to business separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions, as detailed in Note 3, “Business Separation, Restructuring and Cost Reduction Actions”, to our Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and (2) the write-off of financing costs, each of which we do not consider to be representative of our underlying business operations. However, these disclosed items represent costs to Versum.

Though not business operating costs, interest expense and income tax provision represent ongoing costs of Versum.

Depreciation and amortization charges represent the wear and tear or reduction in value of the plant, equipment, and intangible assets which permit us to manufacture and market our products.

Other companies may define non-GAAP measures differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.

A reader may find any one or all of these items important in evaluating our performance. Management compensates for the limitations of using non-GAAP financial measures by using them only to supplement our GAAP results to provide a more complete understanding of the factors and trends affecting our business. In evaluating these non-GAAP financial measures, the reader should be aware that we may incur expenses similar to those eliminated in this presentation in the future.

Presented below is a reconciliation of the reported GAAP results to the non-GAAP measure:

Adjusted EBITDA and EBITDA Margin

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income excluding certain disclosed items, which we do not believe to be indicative of underlying business trends, before interest expense, write-off of financing costs, income tax provision, depreciation and amortization expense, non-controlling interest and business separation, restructuring, and cost reduction actions. Adjusted EBITDA provides a useful metric for management to assess operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing Adjusted EBITDA by sales.


31


Three Months Ended June 30, 2018 vs. 2017

Below is a reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
(In millions, except percentages)
 
Net Income Attributable to Versum
$
63.3

 
$
52.7

Add: Interest expense
12.5

 
11.9

Add: Income tax provision
19.6

 
14.4

Add: Depreciation and amortization
13.9

 
10.7

Add: Non-controlling interests
0.8

 
2.0

Add: Business separation, restructuring and cost reduction actions
6.7

 
6.0

Adjusted EBITDA
$
116.8

 
$
97.7

Adjusted EBITDA Margin
33.4
%