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EX-32.3 - CAO 906 CERTIFICATION - Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburghfhlbpitex3232q2018.htm
EX-32.2 - CFO 906 CERTIFICATION - Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburghfhlbpitex3222q2018.htm
EX-32.1 - CEO 906 CERTIFICATION - Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburghfhlbpitex3212q2018.htm
EX-31.3 - CAO 302 CERTIFICATION - Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburghfhlbpitex3132q2018.htm
EX-31.2 - CFO 302 CERTIFICATION - Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburghfhlbpitex3122q2018.htm
EX-31.1 - CEO 302 CERTIFICATION - Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburghfhlbpitex3112q2018.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

[x] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018
or
[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                                    to                                   
 
Commission File Number: 000-51395
FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK OF PITTSBURGH
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Federally Chartered Corporation
 
25-6001324
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
601 Grant Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15219
 (Address of principal executive offices)
 
15219
 (Zip Code)
(412) 288-3400 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  [x]Yes []No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  [x] Yes [] No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
o Large accelerated filer
o Accelerated filer
o Emerging growth company
x Non-accelerated filer
o Smaller reporting company
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. []

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  [] Yes [x] No

There were 38,396,427 shares of common stock with a par value of $100 per share outstanding at July 31, 2018.





FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK OF PITTSBURGH

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
 
 
 
Part I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1: Financial Statements (unaudited)
    Notes to Financial Statements (unaudited)
Item 2: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Risk Management
Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Item 4: Controls and Procedures
Part II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1: Legal Proceedings
Item 1A: Risk Factors
Item 2: Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3: Defaults upon Senior Securities
Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5: Other Information
Item 6: Exhibits
Signature



i


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 2: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Information

Statements contained in this Form 10-Q, including statements describing the objectives, projections, estimates, or predictions of the future of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh (the Bank), may be “forward-looking statements.” These statements may use forward-looking terms, such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “may,” “should,” “will,” or their negatives or other variations on these terms. The Bank cautions that, by their nature, forward-looking statements involve risk or uncertainty and that actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in these forward-looking statements or could affect the extent to which a particular objective, projection, estimate, or prediction is realized. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, the following: economic and market conditions, including, but not limited to real estate, credit and mortgage markets; volatility of market prices, rates, and indices related to financial instruments; political, legislative, regulatory, litigation, or judicial events or actions; changes in assumptions used in the other-than-temporary impairment (OTTI) process; risks related to mortgage-backed securities (MBS); changes in the assumptions used in the allowance for credit losses; changes in the Bank’s capital structure; changes in the Bank’s capital requirements; membership changes; changes in the demand by Bank members for Bank advances; an increase in advances’ prepayments; competitive forces, including the availability of other sources of funding for Bank members; changes in investor demand for consolidated obligations and/or the terms of interest rate exchange agreements and similar agreements; changes in the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLBank) System’s debt rating or the Bank’s rating; the ability of the Bank to introduce new products and services to meet market demand and to manage successfully the risks associated with new products and services; the ability of each of the other FHLBanks to repay the principal and interest on consolidated obligations for which it is the primary obligor and with respect to which the Bank has joint and several liability; applicable Bank policy requirements for retained earnings and the ratio of the market value of equity to par value of capital stock; the Bank’s ability to maintain adequate capital levels (including meeting applicable regulatory capital requirements); business and capital plan adjustments and amendments; technology and cyber-security risks; and timing and volume of market activity.

This Management's Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) should be read in conjunction with the Bank's unaudited interim financial statements and notes and any Risk Factors included in Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q, as well as the Bank's 2017 Form 10-K (2017 Form 10-K), including Risk Factors included in Item 1A of that report.

Executive Summary

Overview. The Bank's financial condition and results of operations are influenced by global and national economies, local economies within its three-state district, and the conditions in the financial, housing and credit markets; all of which impact the interest rate environment.

The interest rate environment significantly impacts the Bank's profitability. Net interest income is affected by several external factors, including market interest rate levels and volatility, credit spreads and the general state of the economy. To manage interest rate risk, the Bank executes interest-rate exchange agreements in which 1-month or 3-month LIBOR is received (advances) or paid (debt). Short-term interest rates also directly affect the Bank's earnings on invested capital. Finally, the Bank's mortgage-related assets make it sensitive to changes in mortgage rates. The Bank earns relatively narrow spreads between yields on assets (particularly advances, its largest asset) and the rates paid on corresponding liabilities.

The Bank's earnings are affected not only by rising or falling interest rates but also by the particular path and volatility of changes in market interest rates and the prevailing shape of the yield curve. The flattening of the yield curve tends to compress the Bank's net interest margin, while steepening of the curve offers better opportunities to purchase assets with wider net interest spreads. The performance of the Bank's mortgage asset portfolios is particularly affected by shifts in the 10-year maturity range of the yield curve, which is the point that heavily influences mortgage rates and potential refinancings. Yield curve shape can also influence the pace at which borrowers refinance or prepay their existing loans, as borrowers may select shorter-duration mortgage products.

Results of Operations. The Bank's net income for the second quarter of 2018 was $91.6 million compared to $88.0 million for the second quarter of 2017. This $3.6 million increase was driven primarily by higher net interest income, partially offset by higher total other expense. Net interest income was $117.1 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $110.4

1


million in the second quarter of 2017. Interest income and expense were impacted by the rising interest rate environment. The net interest margin was 49 basis points and 47 basis points for the second quarter of 2018 and 2017, respectively.

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, net income was $170.5 million compared to $174.8 million for the same prior-year period, a decrease of $4.3 million. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in total other noninterest income, partially offset by higher net interest income. Noninterest income was $9.3 million in the first six months of 2018, compared to $19.7 million in the same period of 2017. Net interest income was $226.7 million for the first six months of 2018, an increase of $8.0 million compared to $218.7 million in the same period in 2017 and reflected the rising interest rate environment during the first half of 2018. The net interest margin was 48 and 46 basis points for the first six months of 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Financial Condition. Advances. Advances totaled $76.3 billion at June 30, 2018, an increase of $2.0 billion compared to $74.3 billion at December 31, 2017. It is not uncommon for the Bank to experience variances in the overall advance portfolio driven primarily by changes in member needs. While the advance portfolio increased compared to December 31, 2017, the term of advances decreased slightly. At June 30, 2018, approximately 57% of the par value of advances in the portfolio had a remaining maturity of more than one year, compared to 58% at December 31, 2017.

The ability to grow and/or maintain the advance portfolio is affected by, among other things, the following: (1) the liquidity demands of the Bank's borrowers; (2) the composition of the Bank's membership; (3) members' regulatory requirements; (4) current and future credit market conditions; (5) housing market trends; (6) the shape of the yield curve and (7) advance pricing.

Liquidity. At June 30, 2018, the Bank held $8.8 billion of liquid assets compared to $10.2 billion at December 31, 2017. The Bank maintains its liquidity to meet member borrowing needs and is comprised of cash, interest-bearing deposits, Federal funds sold, securities purchased under agreements to resell, and U.S. Treasury and Agency securities classified as trading investments.

Available-for-Sale (AFS) and Held-to-Maturity (HTM) Investments. The Bank also maintains investments classified as AFS and HTM to enhance earnings. At June 30, 2018, the Bank held $12.1 billion in its investment portfolio compared to $10.9 billion at December 31, 2017. The change in these portfolios was primarily due to the Bank using cash to purchase certificates of deposit.

Consolidated Obligations. The Bank's consolidated obligations totaled $95.7 billion at June 30, 2018, an increase of $2.0 billion from December 31, 2017. At June 30, 2018, bonds represented 72% of the Bank's consolidated obligations, compared with 60% at December 31, 2017. Discount notes represented 28% of the Bank's consolidated obligations at June 30, 2018 compared with 40% at year-end 2017. The overall increase in consolidated obligations is largely consistent with the changes in advances and total assets.

Capital Position and Regulatory Requirements. Total capital at June 30, 2018 was $5.3 billion, compared to $4.9 billion at December 31, 2017. Total retained earnings at June 30, 2018 were $1,215.7 million, up $57.8 million from $1,157.9 million at year-end 2017, reflecting the Bank's net income for the first half of 2018, which was partially offset by dividends paid. Accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) was $100.7 million at June 30, 2018, a decrease of $10.2 million from December 31, 2017. This decrease was primarily due to changes in the fair values of securities within the AFS portfolio.

In February, April and July 2018, the Bank paid quarterly dividends of 6.75% annualized on activity stock and 3.5% annualized on membership stock. These dividends were based on stockholders' average balances for the fourth quarter of 2017 (February dividend), the first quarter of 2018 (April dividend), and the second quarter of 2018 (July dividend).

The Bank met all of its capital requirements as of June 30, 2018, and in the Federal Housing Finance Agency's (Finance Agency) most recent determination, as of March 31 2018, the Bank was deemed "adequately capitalized."


2


Financial Highlights

The following are the financial highlights of the Bank. The Condensed Statements of Condition as of December 31, 2017 have been derived from the Bank's audited financial statements. Financial highlights for the other quarter-end periods have been derived from the Bank's unaudited financial statements.

Condensed Statements of Income
 
Three months ended
 
June 30,
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
September 30,
 
June 30,
(in millions)
2018
 
2018
 
2017
 
2017
 
2017
Net interest income
$
117.1

 
$
109.6

 
$
107.5

 
$
109.3

 
$
110.4

Provision (benefit) for credit losses
0.4

 
2.4

 
0.2

 
0.1

 
(0.1
)
Other noninterest income
7.6

 
1.7

 
6.0

 
6.5

 
7.0

Other expense
22.5

 
21.2

 
23.4

 
22.5

 
19.7

Income before assessments
101.8

 
87.7

 
89.9

 
93.2

 
97.8

Affordable Housing Program (AHP) assessment (1)
10.2

 
8.8

 
9.0

 
9.3

 
9.8

Net income
$
91.6

 
$
78.9

 
$
80.9

 
$
83.9

 
$
88.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends
$
56.1

 
$
56.6

 
$
42.5

 
$
41.9

 
$
42.0

Dividend payout ratio (2)
61.26
%
 
71.67
%
 
52.47
%
 
49.95
%
 
47.76
%
Return on average equity
7.41
%
 
6.63
%
 
6.76
%
 
6.93
%
 
7.49
%
Return on average assets
0.38
%
 
0.33
%
 
0.33
%
 
0.34
%
 
0.37
%
Net interest margin (3)
0.49
%
 
0.47
%
 
0.45
%
 
0.45
%
 
0.47
%
Regulatory capital ratio (4)
5.08
%
 
5.05
%
 
4.84
%
 
4.83
%
 
4.78
%
GAAP capital ratio (5)
5.17
%
 
5.15
%
 
4.94
%
 
4.95
%
 
4.89
%
Total average equity to average assets
5.13
%
 
5.05
%
 
4.95
%
 
4.90
%
 
4.88
%
Notes:
(1) Although the Bank is not subject to federal or state income taxes, by regulation, the Bank is required to allocate 10% of its income before assessments to fund the AHP.
(2) Represents dividends paid as a percentage of net income for the respective periods presented.
(3) Net interest margin is net interest income before provision for credit losses as a percentage of average interest-earning assets.
(4) Regulatory capital ratio is the sum of period-end capital stock, mandatorily redeemable capital stock and retained earnings as a percentage of total assets at period-end.
(5) GAAP capital ratio is the sum of capital stock, retained earnings and AOCI as a percentage of total assets at period-end.


3


 
Six months ended
(in millions)
June 30, 2018
June 30, 2017
Net interest income
$
226.7

$
218.7

Provision (benefit) for credit losses
2.8

(0.1
)
Other noninterest income
9.3

19.7

Other expense
43.7

44.2

Income before assessments
189.5

194.3

AHP assessment (1)
19.0

19.5

Net income
$
170.5

$
174.8

 
 
 
Dividends
$
112.7

$
83.6

Dividend payout ratio (2)
66.08
%
47.83
%
Return on average equity
7.02
%
7.50
%
Return on average assets
0.36
%
0.36
%
Net interest margin (3)
0.48
%
0.46
%
Regulatory capital ratio (4)
5.08
%
4.78
%
GAAP capital ratio (5)
5.17
%
4.89
%
Total average equity to average assets
5.09
%
4.86
%
Notes:
(1) Although the Bank is not subject to federal or state income taxes, by regulation, the Bank is required to allocate 10% of its income before assessments to fund the AHP.
(2) Represents dividends paid as a percentage of net income for the respective periods presented.
(3) Net interest margin is net interest income before provision for credit losses as a percentage of average interest-earning assets.
(4) Regulatory capital ratio is the sum of period-end capital stock, mandatorily redeemable capital stock, and retained earnings as a percentage of total assets at period-end.
(5) GAAP capital ratio is the sum of capital stock, retained earnings and AOCI as a percentage of total assets at period-end.


4


Condensed Statements of Condition
 
 
June 30,
 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
September 30,
 
June 30,
(in millions)
 
2018
 
2018
 
2017
 
2017
 
2017
Cash and due from banks
 
$
161.9

 
$
252.6

 
$
3,415.0

 
$
2,068.7

 
$
4,010.4

Investments (1)
 
20,752.4

 
18,487.2

 
17,757.1

 
19,528.9

 
18,943.1

Advances
 
76,340.0

 
70,278.0

 
74,279.8

 
74,228.0

 
74,080.2

Mortgage loans held for portfolio, net
 
4,171.5

 
4,018.8

 
3,923.1

 
3,763.3

 
3,537.5

Total assets
 
101,814.3

 
93,369.3

 
99,663.0

 
99,864.6

 
100,828.6

Consolidated obligations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Discount notes
 
26,988.9

 
23,905.7

 
36,193.3

 
38,877.0

 
31,928.8

Bonds
 
68,681.9

 
63,706.0

 
57,533.7

 
55,140.2

 
62,910.9

Total consolidated obligations (2)
 
95,670.8

 
87,611.7

 
93,727.0

 
94,017.2

 
94,839.7

Deposits
 
551.1

 
612.4

 
538.1

 
627.1

 
590.4

Mandatorily redeemable capital stock
 
4.5

 
4.8

 
5.1

 
5.6

 
5.0

AHP payable
 
95.3

 
93.1

 
91.6

 
88.7

 
86.1

Total liabilities
 
96,547.4

 
88,564.1

 
94,735.5

 
94,924.7

 
95,896.4

Capital stock - putable
 
3,950.5

 
3,528.4

 
3,658.7

 
3,696.9

 
3,732.6

Unrestricted retained earnings
 
899.1

 
881.9

 
875.4

 
853.1

 
827.9

Restricted retained earnings
 
316.6

 
298.3

 
282.5

 
266.3

 
249.5

AOCI
 
100.7

 
96.6

 
110.9

 
123.6

 
122.2

Total capital
 
5,266.9

 
4,805.2

 
4,927.5

 
4,939.9

 
4,932.2

Notes:
(1) Includes trading, AFS and HTM investment securities, Federal funds sold, securities purchased under agreements to resell, and interest-bearing deposits.
(2) Aggregate FHLBank System-wide consolidated obligations (at par) were $1,059.9 billion at June 30, 2018, $1,019.2 billion at March 31, 2018, $1,034.3 billion at December 31, 2017, $1,028.7 billion at September 30, 2017 and $1,011.5 billion at June 30, 2017.

Earnings Performance

The following is Management's Discussion and Analysis of the Bank's earnings performance for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, which should be read in conjunction with the Bank's unaudited interim financial statements included in this Form 10-Q as well as the audited financial statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Financial Data in the Bank's 2017 Form 10-K.

Summary of Financial Results

Net Income and Return on Average Equity. The Bank’s net income totaled $91.6 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $88.0 million for the second quarter of 2017. This $3.6 million increase was driven primarily by higher net interest income, partially offset by higher total other expense. Net interest income was $117.1 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $110.4 million in the second quarter of 2017. Interest income and expense were impacted by the rising interest rate environment. Total other expense increased $2.8 million in the second quarter of 2018, compared to the second quarter of 2017, primarily due to higher compensation and benefits. The Bank's return on average equity for the second quarter of 2018 was 7.41% compared to 7.49% for the second quarter of 2017.

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, net income was $170.5 million compared to $174.8 million for the same prior-year period, a decrease of $4.3 million. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in total other noninterest income, partially offset by higher net interest income. Noninterest income was $9.3 million in the first six months of 2018, compared to $19.7 million in the same period of 2017. This $10.4 million decrease was primarily driven by net losses on trading securities of $11.4 million in the first six months of 2018, compared to net gains of $7.6 million in the same period in 2017, partially offset by an increase in net gains on derivatives and hedging activities of $8.1 million. Net interest income was $226.7 million for the first six months of 2018, an increase of $8.0 million compared to $218.7 million in the same period in 2017 and reflected the rising interest rate environment during the first half of 2018. The Bank's return on average equity for the first six months of 2018 was 7.02% compared to 7.50% for the same prior year period.

5


Net Interest Income

The following table summarizes the yields and rates paid on interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, respectively, the average balance for each of the primary balance sheet classifications, and the net interest margin for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.

Average Balances and Interest Yields/Rates Paid
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
(dollars in millions)
Average
Balance
Interest
Income/
Expense
Avg.
Yield/
Rate
(%)
 
Average
Balance
Interest
Income/
Expense
Avg.
Yield/
Rate
(%)
Assets:
 

 

 

 
 
 

 

Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell (1)
$
6,326.9

$
27.7

1.76

 
$
6,875.4

$
16.3

0.95

Interest-bearing deposits (2)
586.2

2.5

1.71

 
316.6

0.6

0.73

Investment securities (3)
11,575.0

77.4

2.68

 
11,596.7

62.7

2.17

Advances (4)
73,280.1

409.0

2.24

 
72,956.2

237.1

1.30

Mortgage loans held for portfolio (5)
4,095.7

36.4

3.56

 
3,467.4

31.8

3.68

Total interest-earning assets
95,863.9

553.0

2.31

 
95,212.3

348.5

1.47

Other assets (6)
744.1

 

 

 
1,314.9

 
 
Total assets
$
96,608.0

 

 

 
$
96,527.2

 
 
Liabilities and capital:
 

 

 

 
 
 
 
Deposits (2)
$
499.5

$
1.9

1.58

 
$
552.3

$
1.1

0.82

Consolidated obligation discount notes
23,005.6

102.4

1.78

 
28,427.6

57.4

0.81

Consolidated obligation bonds (7)
67,471.6

331.5

1.97

 
62,273.1

179.6

1.16

Other borrowings
4.7

0.1

6.62

 
9.5


3.13

Total interest-bearing liabilities
90,981.4

435.9

1.92

 
91,262.5

238.1

1.05

Other liabilities
667.3

 
 
 
551.0

 
 
Total capital
4,959.3

 
 
 
4,713.7

 
 
Total liabilities and capital
$
96,608.0

 
 
 
$
96,527.2

 
 
Net interest spread
 
 
0.39

 
 
 
0.42

Impact of noninterest-bearing funds
 
 
0.10

 
 
 
0.05

Net interest income/net interest margin
 
$
117.1

0.49

 
 
$
110.4

0.47

Notes:
(1) The average balance of Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell and the related interest income and average yield calculations may include loans to other FHLBanks.
(2) Average balances of deposits (assets and liabilities) include cash collateral received from/paid to counterparties which is reflected in the Statements of Condition as derivative assets/liabilities.
(3) Investment securities include trading, AFS and HTM securities. The average balances of AFS and HTM are reflected at amortized cost; therefore, the resulting yields do not give effect to changes in fair value or the noncredit component of recognized OTTI reflected in AOCI.
(4) Average balances reflect noninterest-earning hedge accounting adjustments of $(253.3) million and $(17.6) million in 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(5) Nonaccrual mortgage loans are included in average balances in determining the average rate.
(6) The allowance for credit losses and the noncredit portion of OTTI losses on investment securities is reflected in other assets for purposes of the average balance sheet presentation.
(7) Average balances reflect noninterest-bearing hedge accounting adjustments of $(229.9) million and $(89.0) million in 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Net interest income for the second quarter of 2018 increased $6.7 million from the same prior year period due to an increase in interest income, partially offset by higher interest expense. Interest-earning assets increased 0.7% primarily due to increased purchases of mortgage loans held for portfolio and higher demand for advances, partially offset by decreased purchases of Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell. The rate earned on interest-earning assets increased 84 basis points primarily due to a higher yield on advances. Interest income increased across all categories. Interest

6


income on advances increased due to an increase in yield. Interest income on Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell increased due to an increase in yield. Interest income on mortgage loans held for portfolio increased due to increased volume, which more than offset the run-off of higher-yielding assets that have been replaced with lower-yielding assets. The rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities increased 87 basis points due to higher funding costs on consolidated obligation bonds and discount notes. The impact of noninterest-bearing funds increased 5 basis points due to higher interest rates.
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
(dollars in millions)
Average
Balance
Interest
Income/
Expense
Avg.
Yield/
Rate
(%)
 
Average
Balance
Interest
Income/
Expense
Avg.
Yield/
Rate
(%)
Assets:
 

 

 

 
 
 

 

Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell (1)
$
7,389.5

$
58.2

1.59

 
$
6,253.8

$
25.9

0.83

Interest-bearing deposits (2)
507.6

3.7

1.46

 
232.7

0.8

0.65

Investment securities (3)
11,332.4

144.9

2.58

 
11,995.1

125.1

2.10

Advances (4)
72,119.4

730.2

2.04

 
73,472.3

443.4

1.22

Mortgage loans held for portfolio (5)
4,038.8

71.9

3.59

 
3,439.6

62.6

3.67

Total interest-earning assets
95,387.7

1,008.9

2.13

 
95,393.5

657.8

1.39

Other assets (6)
774.7

 

 

 
1,327.4

 
 
Total assets
$
96,162.4

 

 

 
$
96,720.9

 
 
Liabilities and capital:
 

 

 

 
 
 
 
Deposits (2)
$
504.4

$
3.6

1.45

 
$
550.6

$
1.9

0.70

Consolidated obligation discount notes
25,470.9

198.2

1.57

 
26,444.2

92.3

0.70

Consolidated obligation bonds (7)
64,676.9

580.2

1.81

 
64,475.9

344.8

1.08

Other borrowings
5.9

0.2

5.85

 
8.2

0.1

3.53

Total interest-bearing liabilities
90,658.1

782.2

1.74

 
91,478.9

439.1

0.97

Other liabilities
609.7

 
 
 
538.5

 
 
Total capital
4,894.6

 
 
 
4,703.5

 
 
Total liabilities and capital
$
96,162.4

 
 
 
$
96,720.9

 
 
Net interest spread
 
 
0.39

 
 
 
0.42

Impact of noninterest-bearing funds
 
 
0.09

 
 
 
0.04

Net interest income/net interest margin
 
$
226.7

0.48

 
 
$
218.7

0.46

Notes:
(1) The average balance of Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell and the related interest income and average yield calculations may include loans to other FHLBanks.
(2) Average balances of deposits (assets and liabilities) include cash collateral received from/paid to counterparties which is reflected in the Statements of Condition as derivative assets/liabilities.
(3) Investment securities include trading, AFS and HTM securities. The average balances of AFS and HTM are reflected at amortized cost; therefore, the resulting yields do not give effect to changes in fair value or the noncredit component of a previously recognized OTTI reflected in AOCI.
(4) Average balances reflect noninterest-earning hedge accounting adjustments of $(216.7) million and $(22.4) million in 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(5) Nonaccrual mortgage loans are included in average balances in determining the average rate.
(6) The allowance for credit losses and the noncredit portion of OTTI losses on investment securities is reflected in other assets for purposes of the average balance sheet presentation.
(7) Average balances reflect noninterest-bearing hedge accounting adjustments of $(208.8) million and $(92.8) million in 2018 and 2017, respectively.

Net interest income for the first six months of 2018 increased $8.0 million from the same prior year period due to an increase in interest income, partially offset by higher interest expense. Interest-earning assets were relatively unchanged as increased purchases of Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell and mortgage loans held for portfolio were offset by lower demand for advances and decreased purchases of investment securities. The rate earned on interest-bearing assets increased 74 basis points primarily due to a higher yield on advances. Interest income increased across all categories. The increase was primarily driven by increase in interest rates. The rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities

7


increased 77 basis points due to higher funding costs on consolidated obligation bonds and discount notes. The impact of noninterest-bearing funds increased 5 basis points due to higher interest rates.

Rate/Volume Analysis. Changes in both volume and interest rates influence changes in net interest income and net interest margin. The following table summarizes changes in interest income and interest expense between the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.
 
 
Increase (Decrease) in Interest Income/Expense Due to Changes in Rate/Volume 2018 compared to 2017
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)
 
Volume
Rate
Total
 
Volume
Rate
Total
Federal funds sold
 
$
(1.4
)
$
12.8

$
11.4

 
$
5.4

$
26.9

$
32.3

Interest-bearing deposits
 
0.7

1.2

1.9

 
1.4

1.5

2.9

Investment securities
 
(0.1
)
14.8

14.7

 
(7.2
)
27.0

19.8

Advances
 
1.1

170.8

171.9

 
(8.3
)
295.1

286.8

Mortgage loans held for portfolio
 
5.6

(1.0
)
4.6

 
10.7

(1.4
)
9.3

Total interest-earning assets
 
$
5.9

$
198.6

$
204.5

 
$
2.0

$
349.1

$
351.1

Interest-bearing deposits
 
$
(0.1
)
$
0.9

$
0.8

 
$
(0.2
)
$
1.9

$
1.7

Consolidated obligation discount notes
 
(12.8
)
57.8

45.0

 
(3.5
)
109.4

105.9

Consolidated obligation bonds
 
16.1

135.8

151.9

 
1.1

234.3

235.4

Other borrowings
 

0.1

0.1

 

0.1

0.1

Total interest-bearing liabilities
 
$
3.2

$
194.6

$
197.8

 
$
(2.6
)
$
345.7

$
343.1

Total increase in net interest income
 
$
2.7

$
4.0

$
6.7

 
$
4.6

$
3.4

$
8.0


Interest income and interest expense increased in both the quarter-over-quarter and year-over-year comparisons. Higher rates drove the increases in both interest income and expense while volumes were steady. The rate increase was primarily due to an increase in market interest rates as the Federal funds target rate increased five times between January 2017 and June 2018.

Interest expense on the average consolidated obligations portfolio increased in both comparisons. Rates paid on both discount notes and bonds rose due to the rise in market interest rates. In both comparisons, a decrease in average discount note balances was partially offset by an increase in average bond balances. A portion of the bond portfolio is currently swapped to 3-month LIBOR; therefore, as the LIBOR rate (decreases) increases, interest expense on swapped bonds, including the impact of swaps, (decreases) increases. See details regarding the impact of swaps on the rates paid in the “Interest Income Derivatives Effects” discussion below.

The following table presents the average par balances of the Bank's advance portfolio for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. These balances do not reflect any hedge accounting adjustments.
(in millions)
Three months ended June 30,
Six months ended June 30,
Product
2018
2017
2018
2017
RepoPlus/Mid-Term Repo
$
24,095.1

$
21,036.9

$
23,030.3

$
20,901.6

Core (Term)
49,349.4

51,509.6

49,216.3

52,166.2

Convertible Select
89.1

429.5

89.8

429.5

Total par value
$
73,533.6

$
72,976.0

$
72,336.4

$
73,497.3


Variances in total advances shown above were driven primarily by changes in large member activity.


8


Interest Income Derivative Effects. The following tables quantify the effects of the Bank's derivative activities on interest income and interest expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. Derivative and hedging activities are discussed below.
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2018
(dollars in millions)
 
Average Balance
 
Interest Inc./
 Exp. with Derivatives
 
Avg.
Yield/
Rate (%)
 
Interest Inc./ Exp. without
Derivatives
 
Avg.
Yield/
Rate (%)
 
Impact of
Derivatives(1)
 
Incr./
(Decr.) (%)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advances
 
$
73,280.1

 
$
409.0

 
2.24

 
$
398.4

 
2.18

 
$
10.6

 
0.06

Mortgage loans held for
 portfolio
 
4,095.7

 
36.4

 
3.56

 
37.3

 
3.65

 
(0.9
)
 
(0.09
)
All other interest-earning
 assets
 
18,488.1

 
107.6

 
2.34

 
108.5

 
2.36

 
(0.9
)
 
(0.02
)
Total interest-earning
 assets
 
$
95,863.9

 
$
553.0

 
2.31

 
$
544.2

 
2.28

 
$
8.8

 
0.03

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated obligation
 bonds
 
$
67,471.6

 
$
331.5

 
1.97

 
$
307.8

 
1.83

 
$
23.7

 
0.14

All other interest-bearing
 liabilities
 
23,509.8

 
104.4

 
1.78

 
104.4

 
1.78

 

 

Total interest-bearing
 liabilities
 
$
90,981.4

 
$
435.9

 
1.92

 
$
412.2

 
1.82

 
$
23.7

 
0.10

Net interest income/net
 interest spread
 
 
 
$
117.1

 
0.39

 
$
132.0

 
0.46

 
$
(14.9
)
 
(0.07
)
Three Months Ended
June 30, 2017
(dollars in millions)
Average Balance
 
Interest Inc./
 Exp. with Derivatives
 
Avg.
Yield/
Rate (%)
 
Interest Inc./ Exp. without
Derivatives
 
Avg.
Yield/
Rate (%)
 
Impact of
Derivatives(1)
 
Incr./
(Decr.) (%)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Advances
$
72,956.2

 
$
237.1

 
1.30

 
$
245.4

 
1.35

 
$
(8.3
)
 
(0.05
)
Mortgage loans held for
 portfolio
3,467.4

 
31.8

 
3.68

 
32.8

 
3.79

 
(1.0
)
 
(0.11
)
All other interest-earning
 assets
18,788.7

 
79.6

 
1.70

 
83.9

 
1.79

 
(4.3
)
 
(0.09
)
Total interest-earning
 assets
$
95,212.3

 
$
348.5

 
1.47

 
$
362.1

 
1.53

 
$
(13.6
)
 
(0.06
)
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated obligation
 bonds
$
62,273.1

 
$
179.6

 
1.16

 
$
182.4

 
1.17

 
$
(2.8
)
 
(0.01
)
All other interest-bearing
 liabilities
28,989.4

 
58.5

 
0.81

 
58.5

 
0.81

 

 

Total interest-bearing
 liabilities
$
91,262.5

 
$
238.1

 
1.05

 
$
240.9

 
1.06

 
$
(2.8
)
 
(0.01
)
Net interest income/net
 interest spread
 
 
$
110.4

 
0.42

 
$
121.2

 
0.47

 
$
(10.8
)
 
(0.05
)

9


Six Months Ended
June 30, 2018
(dollars in millions)
 
Average Balance
 
Interest Inc./
 Exp. with Derivatives
 
Avg.
Yield/
Rate (%)
 
Interest Inc./ Exp. without
Derivatives
 
Avg.
Yield/
Rate (%)
 
Impact of
Derivatives(1)
 
Incr./
(Decr.) (%)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advances
 
$
72,119.4

 
$
730.2

 
2.04

 
$
722.5

 
2.02

 
$
7.7

 
0.02

Mortgage loans held for
 portfolio
 
4,038.8

 
71.9

 
3.59

 
73.5

 
3.67

 
(1.6
)
 
(0.08
)
All other interest-earning
 assets
 
19,229.5

 
206.8

 
2.17

 
210.4

 
2.21

 
(3.6
)
 
(0.04
)
Total interest-earning
 assets
 
$
95,387.7

 
$
1,008.9

 
2.13

 
$
1,006.4

 
2.13

 
$
2.5

 

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated obligation
 bonds
 
$
64,676.9

 
$
580.2

 
1.81

 
$
548.9

 
1.71

 
$
31.3

 
0.10

All other interest-bearing
 liabilities
 
25,981.2

 
202.0

 
1.57

 
202.0

 
1.57

 

 

Total interest-bearing
 liabilities
 
$
90,658.1

 
$
782.2

 
1.74

 
$
750.9

 
1.67

 
$
31.3

 
0.07

Net interest income/net
 interest spread
 
 
 
$
226.7

 
0.39

 
$
255.5

 
0.46

 
$
(28.8
)
 
(0.07
)
Six Months Ended
June 30, 2017
(dollars in millions)
 
Average Balance
 
Interest Inc./
 Exp. with Derivatives
 
Avg.
Yield/
Rate (%)
 
Interest Inc./ Exp. without
Derivatives
 
Avg.
Yield/
Rate (%)
 
Impact of
Derivatives(1)
 
Incr./
(Decr.) (%)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advances
 
$
73,472.3

 
$
443.4

 
1.22

 
$
461.9

 
1.27

 
$
(18.5
)
 
(0.05
)
Mortgage loans held for
 portfolio
 
3,439.6

 
62.6

 
3.67

 
64.5

 
3.78

 
(1.9
)
 
(0.11
)
All other interest-earning
 assets
 
18,481.6

 
151.8

 
1.66

 
161.0

 
1.76

 
(9.2
)
 
(0.10
)
Total interest-earning
 assets
 
$
95,393.5

 
$
657.8

 
1.39

 
$
687.4

 
1.45

 
$
(29.6
)
 
(0.06
)
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated obligation
 bonds
 
$
64,475.9

 
$
344.8

 
1.08

 
$
354.4

 
1.11

 
$
(9.6
)
 
(0.03
)
All other interest-bearing
 liabilities
 
27,003.0

 
94.3

 
0.70

 
94.3

 
0.70

 

 

Total interest-bearing
 liabilities
 
$
91,478.9

 
$
439.1

 
0.97

 
$
448.7

 
0.99

 
$
(9.6
)
 
(0.02
)
Net interest income/net
 interest spread
 
 
 
$
218.7

 
0.42

 
$
238.7

 
0.46

 
$
(20.0
)
 
(0.04
)
Note:
(1) Impact of Derivatives includes net interest settlements, amortization of basis adjustments resulting from previously terminated hedging relationships and the amortization of the market value of mortgage purchase commitments classified as derivatives at the time the commitment settled.

The use of derivatives reduced net interest income and net interest spread for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. The variances in the advances and consolidated obligation derivative impacts from period to period are driven by the change in the average LIBOR-based variable rate, the timing of interest rate resets and the average hedged portfolio balances outstanding during any given period.

The Bank uses derivatives to hedge the fair market value changes attributable to the change in the LIBOR benchmark interest rate. The Bank generally uses interest rate swaps to hedge a portion of advances and consolidated obligations, which convert the interest rates on those instruments from a fixed rate to a LIBOR-based variable rate. The purpose of this strategy is

10


to protect the interest rate spread. Using derivatives to convert interest rates from fixed to variable can increase or decrease net interest income.
The Bank uses many different funding and hedging strategies. These strategies involve closely match-funding bullet advances with bullet debt. This is designed in part to avoid the use of derivatives where prudent and reduce the Bank's reliance on short-term funding.

Provision (Benefit) for Credit Losses. The provision (benefit) for credit losses on mortgage loans held for portfolio and Banking on Business (BOB) loans was $0.4 million for the second quarter of 2018 and was $(0.1) million for the same period in 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the provision (benefit) for credit losses on mortgage loans held for portfolio and BOB loans was $2.8 million and $(0.1) million, respectively. The six month increase was primarily due to a non-recurring adjustment to the MPF Plus product.

Other Noninterest Income
 
Three months ended June 30,
Six months ended June 30,
(in millions)
2018
2017
2018
2017
Net OTTI losses, credit portion
$
(0.1
)
$

$
(0.4
)
$
(0.7
)
Net gains (losses) on trading securities
(2.7
)
5.3

(11.4
)
7.6

Net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities
4.1

(4.3
)
8.2

0.1

Standby letters of credit fees
5.7

6.0

11.5

12.1

Other, net
0.6


1.4

0.6

Total other noninterest income
$
7.6

$
7.0

$
9.3

$
19.7


The change in the Bank's total other noninterest income for the second quarter of 2018 compared to the same prior year period was due primarily to net gains on derivatives and hedging activities partially offset by net losses on trading securities. The change in the Bank's total other noninterest income for the first half of 2018 compared to the same prior year period was due primarily to net losses on trading securities partially offset by an increase in net gains on derivatives and hedging activities. The net losses on trading securities reflects the impact of fair market value changes in Agency and U.S. Treasury investments held in the Bank's trading portfolio. The activity related to derivatives and hedging is discussed in more detail below.

Derivatives and Hedging Activities. The Bank enters into interest rate swaps, caps, floors and swaption agreements, referred to collectively as interest rate exchange agreements and more broadly as derivatives transactions. The Bank enters into derivatives transactions to offset all or portions of the financial risk exposures inherent in its member lending, investment and funding activities. All derivatives are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value. Changes in derivatives' fair values are recorded in the Statements of Income.

The Bank's hedging strategies consist of fair value accounting hedges and economic hedges. Fair value hedges are discussed in more detail below. Economic hedges address specific risks inherent in the Bank's balance sheet, but either they do not qualify for hedge accounting or the Bank does not elect to apply hedge accounting. As a result, income recognition on the derivatives in economic hedges may vary considerably compared to the timing of income recognition on the underlying asset or liability. The Bank does not enter into derivatives for speculative purposes nor does it have any cash flow hedges.

Regardless of the hedge strategy employed, the Bank's predominant hedging instrument is an interest rate swap. At the time of inception, the fair market value of an interest rate swap generally equals or is close to zero. Notwithstanding the exchange of interest payments made during the life of the swap, which are recorded as either interest income/expense or as a gain (loss) on derivatives, depending upon the accounting classification of the hedging instrument, the fair value of an interest rate swap returns to zero at the end of its contractual term. Therefore, although the fair value of an interest rate swap is likely to change over the course of its full term, upon maturity any unrealized gains and losses generally net to zero.


11


The following tables detail the net effect of derivatives and hedging activities for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.
 
Three months ended June 30, 2018
(in millions)
Advances
Investments
Mortgage Loans
Bonds
Discount Notes
Other
Total
Net interest income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Amortization/accretion of hedging activities in net interest income (1)
$

$

$
(0.9
)
$
(0.2
)
$

$

$
(1.1
)
  Net interest settlements included in net interest
    income (2)
10.6

(0.9
)

(23.5
)


(13.8
)
Total effect on net interest income
$
10.6

$
(0.9
)
$
(0.9
)
$
(23.7
)
$

$

$
(14.9
)
Net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (losses) on fair value hedges
$
0.2

$
0.8

$

$
(2.7
)
$

$

$
(1.7
)
Gains (losses) on derivatives not receiving hedge accounting, including net interest settlements
1.0

7.0

2.9

(8.0
)
3.7


6.6

Other (3)





(0.8
)
(0.8
)
Total net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities
$
1.2

$
7.8

$
2.9

$
(10.7
)
$
3.7

$
(0.8
)
$
4.1

Total net effect of derivatives and hedging activities
$
11.8

$
6.9

$
2.0

$
(34.4
)
$
3.7

$
(0.8
)
$
(10.8
)
 
Three months ended June 30, 2017
(in millions)
Advances
Investments
Mortgage Loans
Bonds
Discount Notes
Balance Sheet
Other
Total
Net interest income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Amortization/accretion of hedging activities in net interest income (1)
$
(0.3
)
$

$
(1.0
)
$
0.3

$

$

$

$
(1.0
)
  Net interest settlements included in net interest income(2)
(8.0
)
(4.3
)

2.5




(9.8
)
Total effect on net interest income
$
(8.3
)
$
(4.3
)
$
(1.0
)
$
2.8

$

$

$

$
(10.8
)
Net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (losses) on fair value hedges
$
(0.1
)
$
(0.8
)
$

$
0.5

$

$

$

$
(0.4
)
Gains (losses) on derivatives not receiving hedge accounting, including net interest settlements
(1.9
)
(11.2
)
(4.4
)
13.5


(0.1
)

(4.1
)
Other (3)






0.2

0.2

Total net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities
$
(2.0
)
$
(12.0
)
$
(4.4
)
$
14.0

$

$
(0.1
)
$
0.2

$
(4.3
)
Total net effect of derivatives and hedging activities
$
(10.3
)
$
(16.3
)
$
(5.4
)
$
16.8

$

$
(0.1
)
$
0.2

$
(15.1
)

12


 
Six months ended June 30, 2018
(in millions)
Advances
Investments
Mortgage Loans
Bonds
Discount Notes
Other
Total
Net interest income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Amortization/accretion of hedging activities in net interest income (1)
$
(0.1
)
$
(0.1
)
$
(1.6
)
$

$

$

$
(1.8
)
  Net interest settlements included in net interest income(2)
7.8

(3.5
)

(31.3
)


(27.0
)
Total effect on net interest income
$
7.7

$
(3.6
)
$
(1.6
)
$
(31.3
)
$

$

$
(28.8
)
Net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (losses) on fair value hedges
$
0.5

$
2.6

$

$
(3.6
)
$

$

$
(0.5
)
Gains (losses) on derivatives not receiving hedge accounting, including net interest settlements
5.2

26.2

12.5

(32.2
)
(1.8
)

9.9

Other (3)





(1.2
)
(1.2
)
Total net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities
$
5.7

$
28.8

$
12.5

$
(35.8
)
$
(1.8
)
$
(1.2
)
$
8.2

Total net effect of derivatives and hedging activities
$
13.4

$
25.2

$
10.9

$
(67.1
)
$
(1.8
)
$
(1.2
)
$
(20.6
)
 
Six months ended June 30, 2017
(in millions)
Advances
Investments
Mortgage Loans
Bonds
Discount Notes
Balance Sheet
Other
Total
Net interest income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  Amortization/accretion of hedging activities in net interest income (1)
$
(0.5
)
$

$
(1.9
)
$
0.8

$

$

$

$
(1.6
)
  Net interest settlements included in net interest income(2)
(18.0
)
(9.2
)

8.8




(18.4
)
Total effect on net interest income
$
(18.5
)
$
(9.2
)
$
(1.9
)
$
9.6

$

$

$

$
(20.0
)
Net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (losses) on fair value hedges
$
(0.1
)
$
(0.7
)
$

$
1.0

$

$

$

$
0.2

Gains (losses) on derivatives not receiving hedge accounting, including net interest settlements
(0.8
)
(11.3
)
(4.0
)
16.0

(0.2
)
(0.1
)

(0.4
)
Other (3)






0.3

0.3

Total net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities
$
(0.9
)
$
(12.0
)
$
(4.0
)
$
17.0

$
(0.2
)
$
(0.1
)
$
0.3

$
0.1

Total net effect of derivatives and hedging activities
$
(19.4
)
$
(21.2
)
$
(5.9
)
$
26.6

$
(0.2
)
$
(0.1
)
$
0.3

$
(19.9
)
Notes:
(1) Represents the amortization/accretion of hedging fair value adjustments.
(2) Represents interest income/expense on derivatives included in net interest income.
(3) Represents the price alignment amount on derivatives for which variation margin is characterized as a daily settled contract.

Fair value hedges. The Bank uses interest rate swaps to hedge a large portion of its fixed-rate advances and consolidated obligations and a small portion of its fixed rate investment securities. The interest rate swaps convert these fixed-rate instruments to a variable-rate (i.e., LIBOR). Most of these hedge relationships are subject to fair value hedge accounting treatment. Fair value hedge ineffectiveness represents the difference between the change in the fair value of the derivative and the change in the fair value of the underlying asset/liability hedged. Fair value hedge ineffectiveness is generated by movement in the benchmark interest rate being hedged and by other structural characteristics of the transaction involved. For example, the presence of an upfront fee associated with a structured debt hedge will introduce valuation differences between the hedge and hedged item that will fluctuate over time. During the second quarter of 2018, the Bank recorded net losses of $(1.7) million compared to net losses of $(0.4) million for the second quarter of 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Bank recorded net losses of $(0.5) million and net gains of $0.2 million, respectively. The total notional amount increased to $35.9 billion at June 30, 2018, up from $30.0 billion at December 31, 2017.


13


Derivatives not receiving hedge accounting. For derivatives not receiving hedge accounting, also referred to as economic hedges, the Bank includes the net interest settlements and the fair value changes in the "Net gains (losses) on derivatives and hedging activities" financial statement line item. For economic hedges, the Bank recorded net gains of $6.6 million in second quarter of 2018 compared to net losses of $(4.1) million for the second quarter of 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Bank recorded net gains of $9.9 million compared to net losses of $(0.4) million for the period ended June 30, 2017. The net gains for 2018 were driven by rising LIBOR rates and their impact on derivatives hedging the Bank's assets. The total notional amount of economic hedges, which includes mortgage delivery commitments, was $17.0 billion at June 30, 2018 and $14.8 billion at December 31, 2017. The increase in economic hedge notional from December 31, 2017 to June 30, 2018 was primarily due to new basis swaps executed in the first quarter of 2018 to hedge basis risk between 1-month and 3-month LIBOR.

Other Expense

The Bank's total other expenses increased $2.8 million to $22.5 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to the same prior year period. For the first half of 2018 compared to the same prior year period, the Bank's total other expense decreased $0.5 million, to $43.7 million. The change in total other expenses was primarily driven by the Bank's voluntary contributions to its pension plan. The Bank made a $2.0 million contribution in the second quarter of 2018 and $3.0 million for the first half of 2018, compared to none during the second quarter of 2017 and $4.0 million in the first half of 2017.

Financial Condition

The following should be read in conjunction with the Bank's unaudited interim financial statements in this Form 10-Q and the audited financial statements in the Bank's 2017 Form 10-K.

Assets

Total assets were $101.8 billion at June 30, 2018, compared with $99.7 billion at December 31, 2017, a increase of $2.1 billion. The increase was primarily due to an increase in advances. Advances totaled $76.3 billion at June 30, 2018, a increase of $2.0 billion compared to $74.3 billion at December 31, 2017.

The Bank's core mission activities include the issuance of advances and acquiring member assets through the Mortgage Partnership Finance® (MPF®) program. The core mission asset ratio, defined as the ratio of par amount of advances and MPF loans relative to consolidated obligations using full year average balances, was 84.4% and 83.5% as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

Advances. Advances (par) totaled $76.6 billion at June 30, 2018 compared to $74.4 billion at December 31, 2017. At June 30, 2018, the Bank had advances to 179 borrowing members, compared to 185 borrowing members at December 31, 2017. A significant amount of the advances continued to be generated from the Bank’s five largest borrowers, reflecting the asset concentration mix of the Bank’s membership base. Total advances outstanding to the Bank’s five largest borrowers decreased to 75.5% of total advances as of June 30, 2018, compared to 77.3% at December 31, 2017.


14


The following table provides information on advances at par by contractual maturity at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
 
June 30,
December 31,
(in millions)
2018
2017
Fixed-rate
 
 
Due in 1 year or less (1)
$
20,089.8

$
19,776.3

Due after 1 year through 3 years
10,763.6

9,504.1

Due after 3 years through 5 years
6,453.9

4,074.4

Thereafter
648.3

661.9

Total par value
$
37,955.6

$
34,016.7

 
 
 
Fixed-rate, callable or prepayable(1)
 
 
Due in 1 year or less
$
3,000.0

$

Total par value
$
3,000.0

$

 
 
 
Variable-rate
 
 
Due in 1 year or less (1)
$
8,131.4

$
10,220.4

Due after 1 year through 3 years
19,234.3

18,788.3

Due after 3 years through 5 years
1,020.0

4,500.0

Thereafter
3.1

3.1

Total par value
$
28,388.8

$
33,511.8

 
 
 
Variable-rate, callable or prepayable(2)
 
 
Due in 1 year or less
$
1,700.0

$
1,400.0

Due after 1 year through 3 years
4,040.0

1,790.0

Due after 3 years through 5 years
1,010.0

3,010.0

Total par value
$
6,750.0

$
6,200.0

 
 
 
Other(3)
 
 
Due in 1 year or less
$
79.3

$
210.2

Due after 1 year through 3 years
173.8

160.5

Due after 3 years through 5 years
132.8

115.8

Thereafter
129.6

168.9

Total par value
$
515.5

$
655.4

Total par balance
$
76,609.9

$
74,383.9

Notes:
(1) Includes overnight advances.
(2) Prepayable advances are those advances that may be contractually prepaid by the borrower on specified dates without incurring prepayment or termination fees.
(3) Includes fixed-rate amortizing/mortgage matched, convertible, and other advances.

The Bank had no putable advances at June 30, 2018 or December 31, 2017.

15


The following table provides a distribution of the number of members, categorized by individual member asset size, that had an outstanding advance balance during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. Commercial Bank, Savings Institution, and Credit Union members are classified by asset size as follows: Large (over $25 billion), Regional ($4 billion to $25 billion), Mid-size ($1.2 billion to $4 billion) and Community Financial Institutions (CFIs) (under $1.2 billion).
 
 
June 30,
June 30,
Member Classification
 
2018
2017
Large
 
5

6

Regional
 
15

13

Mid-size
 
23

23

CFI (1)
 
165

160

Insurance
 
17

9

Total borrowing members during the period
 
225

211

Total membership
 
295

301

Percentage of members borrowing during the period
 
76.3
%
70.1
%
Notes:
(1) For purposes of this member classification reporting, the Bank groups smaller credit unions and community development financial institutions (CDFIs) with CFIs. CFIs are FDIC-insured depository institutions whose assets do not exceed the applicable regulatory limit.

The following table provides information at par on advances by member classification at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
(in millions)
June 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
Increase/(Decrease)
Member Classification
Large
$
56,730.0

$
57,480.0

(1.3
)%
Regional
9,483.6

7,691.5

23.3

Mid-size
4,477.9

4,157.6

7.7

CFI
4,095.5

3,528.2

16.1

Insurance
1,816.0

1,512.7

20.1

Non-member
6.9

13.9

(50.5
)
Total
$
76,609.9

$
74,383.9

3.0
 %

As of June 30, 2018, total advances increased 3.0% compared with balances at December 31, 2017. It is not uncommon for the Bank to experience variances in the overall advance portfolio driven primarily by changes in member needs.

See the “Credit and Counterparty Risk - TCE and Collateral” discussion in the Risk Management section of this Item 2 for further information on collateral policies and practices and details regarding eligible collateral, including amounts and percentages of eligible collateral securing member advances as of June 30, 2018.

Mortgage Loans Held for Portfolio. Mortgage loans held for portfolio, net of allowance for credit losses, totaled $4.2 billion and $3.9 billion at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 respectively.

The Bank places conventional mortgage loans that are 90 days or more delinquent on nonaccrual status. In addition, the Bank records cash payments received as a reduction of principal until the remaining principal amount due is expected to be collected and then as a recovery of any charge-off, if applicable, followed by the recording of interest income. However, government mortgage loans that are 90 days or more delinquent remain in accrual status due to government guarantees or insurance. The Bank has a loan modification program for participating financial institutions (PFIs) under the MPF program. The Bank considers loan modifications or Chapter 7 bankruptcies where the obligation is discharged under the MPF program to be troubled debt restructurings (TDRs), since some form of concession has been made by the Bank. Balances regarding the Bank’s loan products are summarized below.

16


(in millions)
June 30, 2018
December 31, 2017
Advances (1)
$
76,340.0

$
74,279.8

Mortgage loans held for portfolio, net (2)
4,171.5

3,923.1

Nonaccrual mortgage loans (3)
16.9

22.8

Mortgage loans 90 days or more delinquent and still accruing interest (4)
3.4

4.8

BOB loans, net
16.2

14.1

Notes:
(1) There are no advances which are past due or on nonaccrual status.
(2) All mortgage loans are fixed-rate. Balances are reflected net of the allowance for credit losses.
(3) Nonaccrual mortgage loans are reported net of interest applied to principal and do not include performing TDRs.
(4) Only government-insured or -guaranteed loans continue to accrue interest after becoming 90 days or more delinquent.

The performance of the mortgage loans in the Bank’s MPF Program has been relatively stable, and the MPF Original portfolio continues to outperform the market based on national delinquency statistics. As of June 30, 2018, the Bank’s seriously delinquent mortgage loans (90 days or more delinquent or in the process of foreclosure) represented 0.4% of the MPF Original portfolio and 2.3% of the MPF Plus portfolio compared with 0.6% and 2.6%, respectively, at December 31, 2017. The MPF 35 portfolio delinquency remains minimal at 0.01%, for both June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, as it is still relatively new.

Allowance for Credit Losses (ACL). The Bank has not incurred any losses on advances since its inception in 1932. Due to the collateral held as security and the repayment history for advances, management believes that an ACL for advances is not appropriate under GAAP. This assessment also includes letters of credit, which have the same collateral requirements as advances. For additional information, see discussion regarding collateral policies and standards on the advances portfolio in the Advance Products discussion in Item 1. Business in the Bank's 2017 Form 10-K.

The ACL on mortgage loans is based on the losses inherent in the Bank's mortgage loan portfolio after taking into consideration the credit enhancement (CE) structure of the MPF Program. The losses inherent in the portfolio are based on either an individual or collective assessment of the mortgage loans. The Bank purchases government-guaranteed and/or -insured and conventional fixed-rate residential mortgage loans. Because the credit risk on the government-guaranteed/insured loans is predominantly assumed by other entities, only conventional mortgage loans are evaluated for an ACL.

The Bank’s conventional mortgage loan portfolio is comprised of large groups of smaller-balance homogeneous loans made to borrowers of PFIs that are secured by residential real estate. A mortgage loan is considered impaired when it is probable that all contractual principal and interest payments will not be collected as scheduled based on current information and events. The Bank evaluates certain conventional mortgage loans for impairment individually and the related credit loss is charged-off against the reserve. However, if the estimated loss can be recovered through CE, a receivable is established, resulting in a net charge-off. The CE receivable is evaluated for collectibility, and a reserve, included as part of the allowance for credit losses, is established, if required.

The remainder of the portfolio's incurred loss is estimated using a collective assessment, which is based on probability of default and loss given default. Probability of default and loss given default are based on the prior 12-month historical performance of the Bank's mortgage loans. Probability of default is based on a migration analysis, and loss given default is based on realized losses incurred on the sale of mortgage loan collateral, including a factor that reduces estimated proceeds from primary mortgage insurance (PMI) given the credit deterioration experienced by those companies.

Mortgage loans are assessed by a third party's credit model at acquisition and a CE is calculated based on loan attributes and the Bank’s risk tolerance on its entire MPF portfolio. Credit losses on a mortgage loan may only be absorbed by the CE amount in the master commitment related to the loan. In addition, the CE structure of the MPF Program is designed such that initial losses on mortgage loans are incurred by the Bank up to an agreed upon amount, referred to as the first loss account (FLA). Additional eligible credit losses are covered by CEs provided by PFIs (available CE) until exhausted. Certain losses incurred by the Bank on MPF 35 and MPF Plus can be recaptured by withholding fees paid to the PFI for its retention of credit risk. All additional losses are incurred by the Bank.

17


The following table presents the impact of the CE structure on the ACL and the balance of the FLA and available CE at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
 
MPF CE structure
June 30, 2018
ACL
June 30, 2018
(in millions)
FLA
Available CE
Estimate of Credit Loss
Charge - offs
Reduction to the ACL due
to CE
ACL
MPF Original
$
5.3

$
76.4

$
5.8

$
(1.3
)
$
(3.9
)
$
0.6

MPF 35
5.4

52.3

0.3


(0.3
)

MPF Plus
16.7

8.9

9.1


(1.7
)
7.4

Total
$
27.4

$
137.6

$
15.2

$
(1.3
)
$
(5.9
)
$
8.0

 
MPF CE structure
December 31, 2017
ACL
December 31, 2017
(in millions)
FLA
Available CE
Estimate of Credit Loss
Charge - offs
Reduction to the ACL due
to CE
ACL
MPF Original
$
4.9

$
78.7

$
6.0

$
(1.1
)
$
(4.4
)
$
0.5

MPF 35
4.2

38.0

0.2


(0.2
)

MPF Plus
16.9

10.0

9.5


(4.0
)
5.5

Total
$
26.0

$
126.7

$
15.7

$
(1.1
)
$
(8.6
)
$
6.0


The ACL on mortgage loans increased $2.0 million during the first six months of 2018. The increase is primarily due to a non-recurring adjustment to the MPF Plus product. The ACL associated with MPF Original remained consistent, and the ACL associated with the MPF 35 program remained zero due to the nature of its credit structure and performance.



18


Investments. At June 30, 2018, the sum of the Bank's interest-bearing deposits, Federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell was $8.1 billion, an increase of approximately $1.7 billion from December 31, 2017. The Bank's strategy is to maintain its short-term liquidity position in part to be able to meet members' loan demand and regulatory liquidity requirements. Investment securities, including trading, AFS, and HTM securities, totaled $12.7 billion at June 30, 2018, compared to $11.3 billion at December 31, 2017. Details of the investment securities portfolio follow.
 
 
Carrying Value
(in millions)
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Trading securities:
 
 
 
 
Non-MBS:
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury obligations
 
$
98.0

 
$

Mutual funds (1)
 

 
9.7

Government-sponsored enterprises (GSE) and Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) obligations
 
437.1