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Table of Contents



 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

_________________

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018.

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________________ to ___________________

 

Commission File Number 001-33582

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Michigan
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)

 

38-2078923
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

     

1541 Reynolds Road
Charlotte, Michigan

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 


48813
(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code:  (517) 543-6400

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

 

Yes

X

 

No

   

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

Yes

X

 

No

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging Growth Company

     

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

Yes

   

No

X

 

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.


Class

Outstanding at
July 26, 2018

Common stock, $.01 par value

35,191,344 shares

 

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC.

 

INDEX
____________________________________

 

Page

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

3

 

 

   

PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

   
 

 

 

   
 

Item 1.

Financial Statements:

   
         
   

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets – June 30, 2018  and December 31, 2017 (Unaudited)

4

 
   

 

   
   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations - Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)

5

 
   

 

   
   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)

6

 
         
   

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Shareholders’ Equity – Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 (Unaudited)

7

 
   

 

   
   

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8

 
   

 

   
 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

22

 
 

 

 

   
 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

41

 
 

 

 

   
 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

42

 
 

 

 

   

PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION

   
         
 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

42

 
         
 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

42  
         

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

43

 

 

 

 

   

SIGNATURES

44

 

 

 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

There are certain statements within this Report that are not historical facts. These statements are called “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements involve important known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors and can be identified by phrases using “estimate,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “intend,” “predict,” “potential,” “future,” “may,” “will”, “should” and similar expressions or words. Our future results, performance or achievements may differ materially from the results, performance or achievements discussed in the forward-looking statements. There are numerous factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results discussed in forward-looking statements, including, among others:

 

Changes in economic conditions, including changes in interest rates, credit availability, financial market performance and our industries can have adverse effects on its earnings and financial condition, as well as our customers, dealers and suppliers.

 

Changes in relationships with major customers and suppliers could significantly affect our revenues and profits.

 

Constrained government budgets may have a negative effect on our business and its operations.

 

The integration of businesses or assets we have acquired or may acquire in the future involves challenges that could disrupt our business and harm our financial condition.

 

When we introduce new products, we may incur expenses that we did not anticipate, such as start-up and recall expenses, resulting in reduced earnings.

 

Amendments of the laws and regulations governing our businesses, or the promulgation of new laws and regulations, could have a material impact on our operations.

 

We source components from a variety of domestic and global suppliers who may be subject to disruptions from natural or man-made causes. Disruptions in our supply of components could have a material and adverse impact on our results of operations or financial position.

 

Changes in the markets we serve may, from time to time, require us to re-configure our production lines or re-locate production of products between buildings or to new locations in order to maximize the efficient utilization of our production capacity. Costs incurred to effect these re-configurations may exceed our estimates and efficiencies gained may be less than anticipated.

 

This list provides examples of factors that could affect the results described by forward-looking statements contained in this Report. However, this list is not intended to be all-inclusive. The risk factors disclosed in Item 1A “Risk Factors” of Part II of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in Part I – Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, include all known risks our management believes could materially affect the results described by forward-looking statements contained in this Report. However, those risks may not be the only risks we face. Our business, operations, and financial performance could also be affected by additional factors that are not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial to our operations. In addition, new risks may emerge from time to time that may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We believe that the forward-looking statements contained in this Report are reasonable. However, given these risks and uncertainties, we cannot provide you with any guarantee that the anticipated results will be achieved. All forward-looking statements in this Report are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained in this Section and you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements contained in this Report as a prediction of actual results. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise information contained in any forward-looking statement to reflect developments or information obtained after the date this Report is filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except par value)

(Unaudited) 

 

   

June 30,

   

December 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

ASSETS

               

Current assets:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 21,664     $ 33,523  

Accounts receivable, less allowance of $141 and $139

    92,556       83,147  

Contract assets

    46,418       -  

Inventories

    64,613       77,692  

Other current assets

    4,441       4,425  

Total current assets

    229,692       198,787  
                 

Property, plant and equipment, net

    54,630       55,177  

Goodwill

    27,417       27,417  

Intangible assets, net

    9,019       9,427  

Other assets

    2,614       3,072  

Net deferred tax asset

    6,312       7,284  

TOTAL ASSETS

  $ 329,684     $ 301,164  
                 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

               
                 

Current liabilities:

               

Accounts payable

  $ 78,574     $ 40,643  

Accrued warranty

    16,194       18,268  

Accrued compensation and related taxes

    10,800       13,264  

Deposits from customers

    15,067       25,422  

Other current liabilities and accrued expenses

    8,680       12,071  

Current portion of long-term debt

    57       64  

Total current liabilities

    129,372       109,732  
                 

Other non-current liabilities

    4,782       5,238  

Long-term debt, less current portion

    17,896       17,925  

Total liabilities

    152,050       132,895  

Commitments and contingencies

               

Shareholders' equity:

               

Preferred stock, no par value: 2,000 shares authorized (none issued)

    -       -  

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 80,000 shares authorized; 35,194 and 35,097 outstanding

    352       351  

Additional paid in capital

    79,239       79,721  

Retained earnings

    98,701       88,855  

Total Spartan Motors, Inc. shareholders’ equity

    178,292       168,927  

Non-controlling interest

    (658 )     (658 )

Total shareholders’ equity

    177,634       168,269  

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

  $ 329,684     $ 301,164  

 

See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 
                                 

Sales

  $ 183,981     $ 169,739     $ 357,019     $ 336,814  

Cost of products sold

    157,612       150,232       308,492       300,763  

Restructuring charges

    -       6       -       156  

Gross profit

    26,369       19,501       48,527       35,895  
                                 

Operating expenses:

                               

Research and development

    1,817       1,524       3,205       3,666  

Selling, general and administrative

    19,040       16,503       36,911       31,104  

Restructuring charges

    797       319       817       812  

Total operating expenses

    21,654       18,346       40,933       35,582  
                                 

Operating income

    4,715       1,155       7,594       313  
                                 

Other income (expense):

                               

Interest expense

    (270 )     (129 )     (592 )     (393 )

Interest and other income

    832       190       2,425       280  

Total other income (expense)

    562       61       1,833       (113 )
                                 

Income before taxes

    5,277       1,216       9,427       200  
                                 

Taxes

    1,537       92       1,490       175  
                                 

Net income

    3,740       1,124       7,937       25  
                                 

Less: net loss attributable to non-controlling interest

    -       -       -       (1 )
                                 

Net income attributable to Spartan Motors Inc.

  $ 3,740     $ 1,124     $ 7,937     $ 26  
                                 

Basic net earnings per share

  $ 0.11     $ 0.03     $ 0.23     $ 0.00  
                                 

Diluted net earnings per share

  $ 0.11     $ 0.03     $ 0.23     $ 0.00  
                                 

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

    35,260       35,127       35,177       34,768  

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

    35,260       35,127       35,177       34,768  

 

See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

               

Net income

  $ 7,937     $ 25  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:

               

Depreciation and amortization

    5,038       4,690  

Loss on disposal of assets

    -       1  

Accruals for warranty

    3,323       4,909  

Expense from changes in fair value of contingent consideration

    (693 )     -  

Deferred income taxes

    3       63  

Stock based compensation related to stock awards

    2,189       1,513  

(Increase) decrease in operating assets:

               

Accounts receivable

    (9,409 )     (17,379 )

Contract assets

    (15,859 )     -  

Inventories

    (19,854 )     32,904  

Income taxes receivable

    -       618  

Other assets

    (16 )     110  

Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities:

               

Accounts payable

    37,931       6,740  

Cash paid for warranty repairs

    (5,397 )     (7,059 )

Accrued compensation and related taxes

    (2,464 )     (4,890 )

Deposits from customers

    (3,121 )     (25,410 )

Other current liabilities and accrued expenses

    (414 )     1,146  

Other long term liabilities

    (173 )     1,898  

Taxes on income

    (1,631 )     88  

Total adjustments

    (10,547 )     (58 )

Net cash used in operating activities

    (2,610 )     (33 )
                 

Cash flows from investing activities:

               

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

    (4,083 )     (2,438 )

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

    -       -  

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

    -       (28,915 )

Net cash used in investing activities

    (4,083 )     (31,353 )
                 

Cash flows from financing activities:

               

Proceeds from long-term debt

    -       32,800  

Payments on long-term debt

    (36 )     (10,033 )

Payment of contingent consideration on acquisitions

    (701 )     -  

Payment of dividends

    (1,759 )     (1,755 )

Net cash used in the exercise, vesting or cancellation of stock incentive awards

    (2,670 )     (427 )

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

    (5,166 )     20,585  
                 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

    (11,859 )     (10,801 )

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

    33,523       32,041  

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

  $ 21,664     $ 21,240  

 

See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   

Number of

   

Common

   

Additional

Paid In

   

Retained

   

Non-

Controlling

   

Total

Shareholders'

 
   

Shares

   

Stock

   

Capital

   

Earnings

   

Interest

   

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2017

    35,097     $ 351     $ 79,721     $ 88,855     $ (658 )   $ 168,269  
                                                 

Issuance of common stock and the tax impact of stock incentive plan transactions

    5       -       (2,670 )     -       -       (2,670 )
                                                 

Issuance of restricted stock, net of cancellation

    92       1       (1 )     -       -       -  
                                                 

Dividends declared ($0.05 per share)

    -       -       -       (1,759 )     -       (1,759 )
                                                 

Stock based compensation expense related to restricted stock

    -       -       2,189       -       -       2,189  
                                                 

Transition adjustment for adoption of new revenue recognition standard

    -       -       -       3,668       -       3,668  
                                                 

Net income

    -       -       -       7,937       -       7,937  
                                                 

Balance at June 30, 2018

    35,194     $ 352     $ 79,239     $ 98,701     $ (658 )   $ 177,634  

 

See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

NOTE 1 - GENERAL AND SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

For a description of key accounting policies followed, refer to the notes to the Spartan Motors, Inc. (the “Company”, “we”, “our” or “us”) consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 1, 2018. Refer to the Adoption of Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy section below for the adoption of a new revenue recognition standard in the first quarter of 2018.

 

We are a niche market leader in the engineering and manufacturing of heavy-duty, purpose-built specialty vehicles. Our products include walk-in vans and truck bodies used in e-commerce/parcel delivery, up-fit equipment used in the mobile retail, and utility trades, fire trucks and fire truck chassis, luxury Class A diesel motor home chassis, military vehicles, and contract manufacturing and assembly services. We also supply replacement parts and offer repair, maintenance, field service and refurbishment services for the vehicles that we manufacture. We conduct our operating activities through our wholly owned operating subsidiary, Spartan Motors USA, Inc. (“Spartan USA”), with locations in Charlotte, Michigan; Brandon, South Dakota; Ephrata, Pennsylvania; Bristol, Indiana; Snyder and Neligh, Nebraska; and Delavan, Wisconsin, along with contract manufacturing in Kansas City, Missouri and Saltillo, Mexico.

 

Our Bristol, Indiana location manufactures vehicles used in the parcel delivery, mobile retail and trades and construction industries, and supplies related aftermarket parts and services under the Utilimaster brand name. Our Kansas City, Missouri and Saltillo, Mexico locations sell and install equipment used in fleet vehicles. Our Brandon, South Dakota, Snyder and Neligh, Nebraska, Delavan, Wisconsin, and Ephrata, Pennsylvania locations manufacture emergency response vehicles under the Spartan, Smeal, US Tanker and Ladder Tower Company brand names. In June 2018, we implemented a plan to close our Delavan, Wisconsin facility and consolidate production with our Brandon, South Dakota facility. Our Charlotte, Michigan location manufactures heavy-duty chassis and vehicles, and supplies aftermarket parts and accessories under the Spartan Chassis and Spartan brand names.

 

The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal and recurring adjustments that are necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position as of June 30, 2018, the results of operations for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2018 and the cash flows for the six-month period ended June 30, 2018. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year.

 

We are required to disclose the fair value of our financial instruments in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Codification relating to “Disclosures about Fair Values of Financial Instruments.” The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and our variable rate debt instruments approximate their fair value at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

Certain immaterial amounts in the prior periods’ financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on previously reported Net income (loss) or Total shareholders’ equity.

 

New Accounting Standards

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718) (“ASU 2018-07”). ASU 2018-07 is intended to provide guidance for share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from non-employees. ASU 2018-07 is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2018-07 on our financial statements, but do not expect any resulting changes to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In March 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2018-05, Income Taxes (Topic 740) (“ASU 2018-05”). ASU 2018-05 is intended to provide guidance on the recognition of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements in the reporting period in which the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was enacted. ASU 2018-05 went into effect when the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was enacted on December 22, 2017 and includes a one-year remeasurement period. We are currently evaluating the impact that the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act will have on our financial statements, but do not expect any resulting changes to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

In February 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-05, Other Income-Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (Subtopic 610-20) (“ASU 2017-05”). ASU 2017-05 is intended to provide guidance for when gains and losses on nonfinancial assets should be applied to a financial asset by defining the term “nonfinancial asset”. ASU 2017-05 became effective for us beginning in the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of the provisions of ASU 2017-05 did not have an impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 is intended to introduce a revised approach to the recognition and measurement of credit losses, emphasizing an updated model based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. The provisions of this standard are effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and early adoption is permitted. We believe that the adoption of the provisions of ASU 2016-13 will not have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”). The new standard establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees with capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2016-02 on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Upon adoption, we expect to recognize right of use assets and liabilities on the consolidated statement of financial position for leases currently classified as operating leases. 

 

In January 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2018-01, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2018-01”). The new standard provides an optional transition practical expedient to not evaluate existing or expired land easements under Topic 842 that were not previously accounted for as leases under the current leases guidance in Topic 840. We expect to apply this practical expedient, which we do not expect to have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2014-09” or “ASC 606”). Subsequently, the FASB provided additional guidance to clarify certain aspects of the standard in Accounting Standards Updates No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing; and No. 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients. ASU 2014-09, as amended, is based on the principle that revenue should be recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new standard also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after  December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, and  may be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial application. We adopted ASU 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach. See the “Adoption of Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy” section below for a description of the impact of the adoption of the provisions of ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net) (“ASU 2016-08”). ASU 2016-08 clarifies the implementation guidance for principal-versus-agent considerations in the revenue recognition standard. A principal-versus-agent consideration applies to sales that involve two or more suppliers to a customer. Each participant in the sale must determine whether they control the good or service and are entitled to the gross amount of the transaction or are acting as an agent and should collect only a fee or commission for arranging the sale. ASU 2016-08 will go into effect when the revenue standard issued in ASU 2014-09 becomes effective. We adopted ASU 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach. See the “Adoption of Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy” section below for a description of the impact of the adoption of the provisions of ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

In April 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing (“ASU 2016-10”). ASU 2016-10 clarifies the implementation guidance in ASU 2014-09 for identifying performance obligations and determining when to recognize revenue on licensing agreements for intellectual property. ASU 2016-10 removes the requirement to assess whether promised goods or services are performance obligations if they are immaterial to the contract with the customer and allows an entity to elect to account for shipping and handling activities that occur after the customer has obtained control of a good as an activity to fulfill the promise to transfer the good rather than as an additional promised service. ASU 2016-10 also includes implementation guidance on determining whether a license granted by an entity provides a customer with a right to use the intellectual property, which is satisfied at a point in time, or a right to access the intellectual property, which is satisfied over time. ASU 2016-10 will go into effect when the revenue standard issued in ASU 2014-09 becomes effective. We adopted ASU 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach. See the “Adoption of Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy” section below for a description of the impact of the adoption of the provisions of ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

In May 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients (“ASU 2016-12”). ASU 2016-12 clarifies the implementation guidance on assessing collectability, presentation of sales taxes, non-cash consideration and completed contracts and contract modifications at transition. ASU 2016-12 will go into effect when the revenue standard issued in ASU 2014-09 becomes effective. We adopted ASU 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach. See the “Adoption of Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy” section below for a description of the impact of the adoption of the provisions of ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Adoption of Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy

 

Except for the changes below, we have consistently applied the accounting policies to all periods presented in these condensed consolidated financial statements. We adopted ASC 606 with a date of initial application of January 1, 2018. As a result, we changed our accounting policy for revenue recognition as detailed below.

 

We applied ASC 606 using the cumulative effect method by recognizing the cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 606 as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at January 1, 2018. Therefore, the comparative information has not been adjusted and continues to be reported under prior revenue recognition guidance. The details of the significant changes and quantitative impact of the changes are set out below.

 

Essentially all of our revenue is generated through contracts with our customers. We may recognize revenue over time or at a point in time when or as obligations under the terms of a contract with our customer are satisfied, depending on the terms and features of the contract and the products supplied. Our contracts generally do not have any significant variable consideration. The collectability of consideration on the contract is reasonably assured before revenue is recognized. On certain vehicles, payment may be received in advance of us satisfying our performance obligations. Such payments are recorded in Customer deposits on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The corresponding performance obligations are generally satisfied within one year of the contract inception. In such cases, we have elected to apply the practical expedient to not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component. Financing impact on contracts that contain performance obligations that are not expected to be satisfied within one year are expected to be immaterial to our financial statements. We have elected to utilize the practical expedient to recognize the incremental costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred because the amortization period for the prepaid costs that would have otherwise been deferred and amortized is one year or less. Revenue recognized in a current period from performance obligations satisfied in a prior period, if any, is immaterial to our financial statements. We use an observable price to allocate the stand-alone selling price to separate performance obligations within a contract or a cost-plus margin approach when an observable price is not available. The estimated costs to fulfill our base warranties are recognized as expense when the products are sold (see “Note 5 – Commitments and Contingent Liabilities” for further information on warranties). Our contracts with customers do not contain a provision for product returns, except for contracts related to certain parts sales.

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

Revenue for parts sales for all segments is recognized at the time that control and risk of ownership has passed to the customer, which is generally, when the ordered part is shipped to the customer. Historical return rates on parts sales have been immaterial. Accordingly, no return reserve has been recorded. Instead, returns are recognized as a reduction of revenue at the time that they are received.

 

For certain of our vehicles and chassis, we sell separately priced service contracts that provide roadside assistance or extend certain warranty coverage beyond our base warranty agreements. These separately priced contracts range from 1 to 6 years from the date of the shipment of the related vehicle or chassis. We receive payment with the shipment of the related vehicle or at the inception of the extended service contract, if later, and recognize revenue over the coverage term of the agreement, generally on a straight-line basis, which approximates the pattern of costs expected to be incurred in satisfying the obligations under the contract.

 

Distinct revenue recognition policies for our segments are as follows:

 

Fleet Vehicles and Services

Our Walk-in vans and truck bodies are generally built on a chassis that is owned and controlled by the customer. Due to the customer ownership of the chassis, the performance obligation for these walk-in vans and truck bodies is satisfied as the vehicles are built. Accordingly, the revenue and corresponding cost of products sold associated with these contracts are recognized over time based on the inputs completed for a given performance obligation during the reporting period. Certain contracts will specify that a walk-in van or truck body is to be built on a chassis that we purchase and subsequently sell to the customer. The revenue on these contracts is recognized at the time that the performance obligation is satisfied and control and risk of ownership has passed to the customer, which is generally upon shipment of the vehicle from our manufacturing facility to the customer or receipt of the vehicle by the customer, depending on contract terms. We have elected to treat shipping and handling costs subsequent to transfer of control as fulfillment activities and, accordingly, recognize these costs as the revenue is recognized.

 

Revenue for up-fit and field service contracts is recognized over time, as equipment is installed in the customer’s vehicle or as repairs and enhancements are made to the customer’s vehicles. Revenue and the corresponding cost of products sold is estimated based on the inputs completed for a given performance obligation. Our performance obligation for up-fit and field service contracts is satisfied when the equipment installation or repairs and enhancements of the customer’s vehicle has been completed.

 

Payment on our fleet vehicles and services performance obligations is received an average of 35 days after revenue is recognized.

 

 

Emergency Response Vehicles 

Our emergency response chassis and apparatuses are generally manufactured to order based on customer-supplied specifications. Due to the custom nature of the products and the attributes of the contracts, we do not have a ready alternative use for our emergency response chassis and apparatuses and we have an enforceable right to payment on the contracts. Accordingly, performance obligations for these custom ordered chassis and apparatuses are satisfied as the apparatuses and chassis are built. We recognize revenue and the corresponding cost of products sold on these contracts over time based on the inputs completed for a given performance obligation during the reporting period. We have elected to treat shipping and handling costs subsequent to transfer of control as fulfillment activities and, accordingly, recognize these costs as the revenue is recognized. Payment is received an average of 48 days following the recognition of revenue for chassis and 103 days for complete apparatuses.

 

Revenue on certain emergency response chassis and apparatuses that are sold from stock or utilized as demonstration units is recognized at the point in time that the contract is received. Revenue related to modifications made to trucks sold from stock or that were utilized as demonstration units is recognized over time as the modifications are completed. Payment is received an average of 60 days following the recognition of revenue for stock or demonstrator units.

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

Specialty Chassis and Vehicles

We recognize revenue and the corresponding cost of products sold on the sale of motor home chassis when the performance obligation is completed and control and risk of ownership of the chassis has passed to our customer, which is generally upon shipment of the chassis to the customer.

 

Revenue and the corresponding cost of products sold associated with other specialty chassis is recognized over time based on the inputs completed for a given performance obligation during the reporting period. The performance obligations for other specialty chassis contracts are satisfied as the products are assembled. Payment is received an average of 24 days following the recognition of revenue for other specialty chassis.

 

The tables below present the impacts of our adoption of the new revenue standard on our income statement and balance sheet.

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30, 2018

 
   

 

 

 

As Reported

   

Balances

Without

Adoption of

ASC 606

   

 

Effect of

Change

Higher/(Lower)

 

Income Statement

                       
                         

Sales

  $ 183,981     $ 178,249     $ 5,732  

Cost of products sold

    157,612       152,568       5,044  

Taxes

    1,537       1,370       167  

Net income

    3,740       3,219       521  

 

 

   

Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

 
   

 

 

 

As Reported

   

Balances

Without

Adoption of

ASC 606

   

 

Effect of

Change

Higher/(Lower)

 

Income Statement

                       
                         

Sales

  $ 357,019     $ 357,716     $ (697 )

Cost of products sold

    308,492       310,251       (1,760 )

Taxes

    1,490       1,245       245  

Net income

    7,937       7,119       818  

 

 

   

June 30, 2018

 
   

 

 

As

Reported

   

Balances

Without

Adoption of

ASC 606

   

 

Effect of

Change

Higher/(Lower)

 

Balance Sheet

                       

Assets

                       

Contract assets

  $ 46,418     $ -     $ 46,418  

Inventories

    64,613       114,872       (50,259 )

Net deferred tax asset

    6,312       7,209       (897 )
                         

Liabilities

                       

Deposits from customers

    15,067       24,831       (9,764 )

Other current liabilities and accrued expenses

    8,680       8,138       542  
                         

Equity

                       

Retained earnings

    98,701       94,217       4,484  

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

The table below presents the cumulative effect of the changes made to our consolidated January 1, 2018 balance sheet for the adoption of ASC 606.

 

   

December 31,

2017

   

Transition

adjustments

   

January 1,

2018

 

Assets

                       

Contract assets

  $ -     $ 30,559     $ 30,559  

Inventory

    77,692       (32,933 )     44,759  

Net deferred tax asset

    7,284       (897 )     6,387  
                         

Liabilities

                       

Deposits from customers

    25,422       (7,234 )     18,188  

Other current liabilities and accrued expenses

    12,071       295       12,366  
                         

Equity

                       

Retained earnings

    88,855       3,668       92,523  

 

Contract assets and liabilities 

The tables below disclose changes in contract assets and liabilities as of the periods indicated.

 

 

Contract assets

       

Opening balance (January 1, 2018)

  $ 30,559  

Reclassification of the beginning contract assets to receivables, as the result of rights to consideration becoming unconditional

    (28,198 )

Contract assets recognized, net of reclassification to receivables

    44,057  
         

Net change

    15,859  
         

Ending balance (June 30, 2018)

  $ 46,418  

 

Contract liabilities

       

Opening balance (January 1, 2018)

  $ 18,188  

Reclassification of the beginning contract liabilities to revenue, as the result of performance obligations satisfied

    (11,587 )

Cash received in advance and not recognized as revenue

    8,466  
         

Net change

    (3,121 )
         

Ending balance (June 30, 2018)

  $ 15,067  

 

The aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations in existing contracts that are yet to be completed are expected to be recognized as revenue in the following annual time-periods:

 

   

1-12 Months

  (1)

   

13 Months

and beyond(1)

   

Total

 

Revenue expected to be recognized as of June 30, 2018:

                       

Fleet Vehicles and Services

  $ 283,167     $ 30,207     $ 313,374  

Emergency Response Vehicles

    170,187       6,703       176,890  

Specialty Chassis and Vehicles

    35,158       36       35,194  

Total

  $ 488,512     $ 36,946     $ 525,458  

 

 

(1)

Revenue above includes amounts related to extended warranties and roadside assistance contracts of $210 and $35 for one to 12 months and $1,077 and $36 for 13 months and beyond, respectively.

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

For performance obligations that are satisfied over time, revenue is expected to be recognized evenly over the time period to complete the contract due to the assembly line nature of the business operations. For performance obligations that are satisfied at a point in time, revenue is expected to be recognized when the customer obtains control of the product, which is generally upon shipment from our facility. No amounts have been excluded from the transaction prices above related to the guidance on constraining estimates of variable consideration.

 

In the following tables, revenue is disaggregated by primary geographical market and timing of revenue recognition for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. The tables also include a reconciliation of the disaggregated revenue with the reportable segments.

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30, 2018

 
   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis

and

Vehicles

   

Total

Reportable

Segments

   

Other

   

Total

 
                                                 
Primary geographical markets                                                

United States

  $ 75,818     $ 54,149     $ 47,431     $ 177,398     $ (1,528 )   $ 175,870  

Other

    2,597       5,466       48       8,111       -       8,111  

Total sales

  $ 78,415     $ 59,615     $ 47,479     $ 185,509     $ (1,528 )   $ 183,981  
                                                 

Timing of revenue recognition

                                 

Products transferred at a point in time

  $ 22,611     $ 4,232     $ 40,203     $ 67,046     $ -     $ 67,046  
                                                 

Products and services transferred over time

    55,804       55,383       7,276       118,463       (1,528 )     116,935  

Total sales

  $ 78,415     $ 59,615     $ 47,479     $ 185,509     $ (1,528 )   $ 183,981  

 

   

Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

 
   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis

and

Vehicles

   

Total

Reportable

Segments

   

Other

   

Total

 
                                                 
Primary geographical markets                                                

United States

  $ 134,339     $ 112,698     $ 95,577     $ 342,614     $ (3,129 )   $ 339,485  

Other

    3,767       13,630       137       17,534       -       17,534  

Total sales

  $ 138,106     $ 126,328     $ 95,714     $ 360,148     $ (3,129 )   $ 357,019  
                                                 

Timing of revenue recognition

                                 

Products transferred at a point in time

  $ 27,793     $ 10,608     $ 81,470     $ 119,871     $ -     $ 119,871  
                                                 

Products and services transferred over time

    110,313       115,720       14,244       240,277       (3,129 )     237,148  

Total sales

  $ 138,106     $ 126,328     $ 95,714     $ 360,148     $ (3,129 )   $ 357,019  

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

NOTE 2 – INVENTORIES

 

Inventories are summarized as follows:

 

   

June 30,

   

December 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

Finished goods

  $ 12,939     $ 15,539  

Work in process

    7,337       15,980  

Raw materials and purchased components

    47,519       49,159  

Reserve for slow-moving inventory

    (3,182

)

    (2,986

)

Total inventory

  $ 64,613     $ 77,692  

 

We also have a number of demonstration units as part of our sales and training program. These demonstration units are included in the “Finished goods” line item above, and amounted to $6,340 and $7,435 at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. When the demonstration units are sold, the cost related to the demonstration unit is included in Cost of products sold on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

 

 

NOTE 3 - DEBT

 

Long-term debt consists of the following:

 

   

June 30,
2018

   

December 31,
2017

 

Line of credit revolver (1)

  $ 17,800     $ 17,800  

Capital lease obligations

    153       189  

Total debt

    17,953       17,989  

Less current portion of long-term debt

    (57

)

    (64

)

Total long-term debt

  $ 17,896     $ 17,925  

 

 

(1)

On December 1, 2017, we entered into a First Amendment to the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement") by and among us, certain of our subsidiaries, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as administrative agent ("Wells Fargo"), and the lenders party thereto consisting of Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and PNC Bank (the "Lenders"). Under the Credit Agreement, we may borrow up to $100,000 from the Lenders under a three-year unsecured revolving credit facility. The credit facility matures October 31, 2019, following which we have the option to renew the credit facility, subject to lender approval, for two successive one-year periods with an ultimate maturity date of October 31, 2021. We may also request an increase in the facility of up to $35,000 in the aggregate, subject to customary conditions. This line carries an interest rate of the higher of either (i) the highest of prime rate, the federal funds effective rate plus 0.5%, or the one month adjusted LIBOR plus 1.00%; or (ii) adjusted LIBOR plus margin based upon our ratio of debt to earnings from time to time. In January 2017, we borrowed $32,800 from our credit line to fund our acquisition of Smeal. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had outstanding borrowings of $17,800 against our credit line.  During the quarter ended June 30, 2018, and in future years, our revolving credit facility was utilized, and will continue to be utilized, to finance commercial chassis received under chassis bailment inventory agreements with GM and Chrysler. This funding is reflected as a reduction of the revolving credit facility available to us equal to the amount drawn by GM and Chrysler. See Note 5, Commitments and Contingent Liabilities for further details about these chassis bailment inventory agreements. The applicable borrowing rate including margin was 3.375% (or one-month LIBOR plus 1.25%) at June 30, 2018.

 

Under the terms of the primary line of credit agreement, as amended, we are required to maintain certain financial ratios and other financial conditions, which limited our available borrowings under our line of credit to a total of approximately $93,000 and $66,400 at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The agreement also prohibits us from incurring additional indebtedness; limits certain acquisitions, investments, advances or loans; limits our ability to pay dividends in certain circumstances; and restricts substantial asset sales. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we were in compliance with all covenants in our credit agreement.

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

NOTE 4 – RESTRUCTURING

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, we incurred restructuring charges related to a company-wide initiative to streamline operations and consolidate our Delavan, Wisconsin production into our Brandon, South Dakota operations.

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, we incurred restructuring charges related to a company-wide initiative to streamline operations and integrate our Smeal acquisition.

 

Restructuring charges included in our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, broken down by segment, are as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30, 2018

 
   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis

and

Vehicles

   

Other

   

Total

 
                                         

Selling, general and administrative

                                       

Accrual for severance

  $ -     $ 322     $ -     $ 475     $ 797  

 

   

Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

 
   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis

and

Vehicles

   

Other

   

Total

 

Selling, general and administrative

                                       

Accrual for severance

  $ -     $ 339     $ 3     $ 475     $ 817  

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30, 2017

 
   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis

and

Vehicles

   

Other

   

Total

 

Cost of products sold

                                       

Accrual for severance

  $ -     $ 6     $ -     $ -     $ 6  
                                         

Selling, general and administrative

                                       

Accrual for severance

    307       4       -       8       319  

Total restructuring

  $ 307     $ 10     $ -     $ 8     $ 325  

 

   

Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

 
   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis

and

Vehicles

   

Other

   

Total

 

Cost of products sold

                                       

Accrual for severance

  $ 97     $ 43     $ 16     $ -     $ 156  
                                         

Selling, general and administrative

                                       

Accrual for severance

    315       367       79       51       812  

Total restructuring

  $ 412     $ 410     $ 95     $ 51     $ 968  

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

The following table provides a summary of the compensation related charges incurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 as part of our restructuring initiatives, along with the related outstanding balances to be paid in relation to those expenses, which is reflected within Accrued compensation and related taxes on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

   

Severance

 

Balance January 1, 2018

  $ 11  

Accrual for severance

    20  

Payments and adjustments made in period

    (27 )

Balance March 31, 2018

    4  

Accrual for severance

    797  

Payments and adjustments made in period

    (4 )

Balance June 30, 2018

  $ 797  

 

 

 

NOTE 5 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

 

Under the terms of our credit agreement with our banks, we have the ability to issue letters of credit totaling $20,000. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had outstanding letters of credit totaling $842 and $754 related to certain emergency response vehicle contracts and our workers compensation insurance.

 

At June 30, 2018, we and our subsidiaries were parties, both as plaintiff and defendant, to a number of lawsuits and claims arising out of the normal course of our businesses. In the opinion of management, our financial position, future operating results or cash flows will not be materially affected by the final outcome of these legal proceedings.

 

Chassis Agreements 

We are party to chassis bailment inventory agreements with General Motors Company (“GM”) and Chrysler Group, LLC (“Chrysler”) which allow GM and Chrysler to draw up to $10,000 against our revolving credit line for chassis placed at our facilities. As a result of these agreements, there was $1,005 and $57 outstanding on our revolving credit line at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. Under the terms of the bailment inventory agreements, these chassis never become our property and the amount drawn against the credit line will be repaid by a GM or Chrysler dealer at the time an order is placed for one of our bodies, utilizing a GM or Chrysler chassis. As such, the chassis, and the related draw on the line of credit, are not reflected in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

Warranty Related

 

We provide limited warranties against assembly/construction defects. These warranties generally provide for the replacement or repair of defective parts or workmanship for a specified period following the date of sale. The end users also may receive limited warranties from suppliers of components that are incorporated into our chassis and vehicles.

 

Certain warranty and other related claims involve matters of dispute that ultimately are resolved by negotiation, arbitration or litigation. Infrequently, a material warranty issue can arise which is beyond the scope of our historical experience. We provide for any such warranty issues as they become known and are estimable. It is reasonably possible that additional warranty and other related claims could arise from disputes or other matters beyond the scope of our historical experience.

 

Changes in our warranty liability during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

 

   

2018

   

2017

 

Balance of accrued warranty at January 1

  $ 18,268     $ 19,334  

Warranties issued during the period

    3,168       3,839  

Cash settlements made during the period

    (5,397

)

    (7,059

)

Changes in liability for pre-existing warranties during the period, including expirations

    155       1,070

)

Assumed warranties outstanding at Smeal on January 1, 2017

    -       1,900  

Balance of accrued warranty at June 30

  $ 16,194     $ 19,084  

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

Spartan-Gimaex Joint Venture

 

Spartan USA is a participant in Spartan-Gimaex Innovations, LLC (“Spartan-Gimaex”), a 50/50 joint venture with Gimaex Holding, Inc. that was formed to provide emergency response vehicles for the domestic and international markets. Spartan-Gimaex is reported as a consolidated subsidiary of Spartan Motors, Inc.

 

In February 2015, Spartan USA and Gimaex Holding, Inc. mutually agreed to begin discussions regarding the dissolution of the joint venture. In June 2015, Spartan USA and Gimaex Holding, Inc. entered into court proceedings to determine the terms of the dissolution. In February 2017, by agreement of the parties, the court proceeding was dismissed with prejudice and the judge entered an order to this effect as the parties agreed to seek a dissolution plan on their own. No dissolution terms have been determined as of the date of this Form 10-Q.

 

In accordance with accounting guidance, we have accrued estimated costs representing the low end of the range of the estimated total charges that we believe we may incur related to the wind-down. While we are unable to determine the final cost of the wind-down with certainty at this time, we may incur additional charges, depending on the final terms of the dissolution, and such charges could be material to our future operating results. There were no further wind-down charges recorded during the six months ended June 30, 2018.

 

 

NOTE 6 – TAXES

 

Our effective income tax rate was 29.1% and 15.8% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 compared to 7.5% and 87.5% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017. 

 

Our effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2018 was unfavorably impacted by an adjustment due to a change in expected full year financial performance. During the second quarter of 2018 we recorded additional income tax expense of $170 to increase the balance of the tax expense recorded for the first half of 2018 to the Company’s current estimated full year effective tax rate of 27.3% before discrete items. The effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2018 was favorably impacted by a $1,333 discrete tax benefit related to the difference in stock compensation expense recognized for book purposes and tax purposes upon vesting, partially offset by $249 of increases for other discrete items. 

 

Our effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was impacted by our deferred tax asset valuation allowance, which resulted in a tax rate applied to current earnings of 0% due to the ability to offset the current period tax liability against our recorded valuation allowance.  Tax expense of $92 and $175 recorded in the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 resulted from various discrete adjustments.

 

In December 2017, the 2017 Tax Act was enacted. The 2017 Tax Act includes a number of changes to previous U.S. tax laws that impact us, most notably a reduction of the U.S. corporate income tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. We recognized the income tax effects of the 2017 Tax Act in the financial statements included in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, which provides SEC staff guidance for the application of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, in the reporting period in which the 2017 Tax Act was signed into law. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, we did not recognize any changes to the provisional amounts recorded in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K in connection with the 2017 Tax Act as we are continuing to collect the information necessary to complete those calculations. We expect to finalize our analysis in the second half of the year as we complete our federal and state tax returns.

 

 

NOTE 7 - BUSINESS SEGMENTS

 

We identify our reportable segments based on our management structure and the financial data utilized by our chief operating decision makers to assess segment performance and allocate resources among our operating units. We have three reportable segments: Fleet Vehicles and Services, Emergency Response Vehicles and Specialty Chassis and Vehicles. As a result of a realignment of our operating segments completed during the second quarter of 2017, certain fleet vehicles are now manufactured by our Specialty Chassis and Vehicles segment and sold via intercompany transactions to our Fleet Vehicles and Services segment, which then sells the vehicles to the final customer. Segment results from prior periods are shown reflecting the estimated impact of this realignment as if it had been in place for those periods.

 

We evaluate the performance of our reportable segments based on Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, and other adjustments made in order to present comparable results from period to period. These adjustments include: restructuring charges; accruals and adjustments to prior accruals for product recalls; and items related to our acquisition of Smeal, such as expenses incurred to complete the acquisition and other purchase accounting related items that impacted current period operating income. We exclude these items from earnings because we believe they will be incurred infrequently and/or are otherwise not indicative of a segment's regular, ongoing operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA is also used as a performance metric for our executive compensation program, as discussed in our proxy statement for our 2018 annual meeting of shareholders, which proxy statement was filed with the SEC on April 12, 2018.

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

Our Fleet Vehicles and Services segment consists of our operations at our Bristol, Indiana location and, beginning in 2018, certain operations at our Ephrata, Pennsylvania location along with our operations at our up-fit centers in Kansas City, Missouri and Saltillo, Mexico. The segment focuses on designing and manufacturing walk-in vans for the parcel delivery, mobile retail, and trades and construction industries, and the production of commercial truck bodies, and distributes related aftermarket parts and accessories.

 

Our Emergency Response Vehicles segment consists of the emergency response chassis operations at our Charlotte, Michigan location and our operations at our Brandon, South Dakota; Snyder and Neligh, Nebraska; Delavan, Wisconsin; and Ephrata, Pennsylvania locations, along with our Spartan-Gimaex joint venture. This segment engineers and manufactures emergency response chassis and vehicles.

 

Our Specialty Chassis and Vehicles segment consists of our Charlotte, Michigan operations that engineer and manufacture motor home chassis, defense vehicles and other specialty chassis and distribute related aftermarket parts and assemblies.

 

Appropriate expense amounts are allocated to the three reportable segments and are included in their reported operating income or loss.

 

The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described, or referred to, in Note 1 - General and Summary of Accounting Policies. Assets and related depreciation expense in the column labeled “Eliminations and other” pertain to capital assets maintained at the corporate level. Eliminations for inter-segment sales are included in the column labeled “Eliminations and other”. Segment loss from operations in the “Eliminations and other” column contains corporate related expenses not allocable to the operating segments. Interest expense and Taxes on income are not included in the information utilized by the chief operating decision makers to assess segment performance and allocate resources, and accordingly, are excluded from the segment results presented below.

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2018

 

   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis and

Vehicles

   

Eliminations

and Other

   

Consolidated

 
                                         
Fleet vehicle sales   $ 53,107     $ -     $ 1,528     $ (1,528 )   $ 53,107  
Emergency response vehicle sales     -       56,935       -       -       56,935  

Motor home chassis sales

    -       -       37,184       -       37,184  

Other specialty vehicle sales

    -       -       5,748       -       5,748  

Aftermarket parts and accessories sales

    25,308       2,680       3,019       -       31,007  
                                         

Total sales

  $ 78,415     $ 59,615     $ 47,479     $ (1,528 )   $ 183,981  
                                         

Depreciation and amortization expense

  $ 570     $ 628     $ 369     $ 1,019     $ 2,586  

Adjusted EBITDA

    8,374       193       4,391       (4,073 )     8,885  

Segment assets

    103,812       111,255       31,772       82,845       329,684  

Capital expenditures

    761       29       41       1,215       2,046  

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

Three Months Ended June 30, 2017

 

   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis and

Vehicles

   

Eliminations

and Other

   

Consolidated

 
                                         
Fleet vehicle sales   $ 44,186     $ -     $ 427     $ (427 )   $ 44,186  
Emergency response vehicle sales     -       78,757       -       -       78,757  

Motor home chassis sales

    -       -       28,162       -       28,162  

Other specialty vehicle sales

    -       -       4,193       -       4,193  

Aftermarket parts and accessories sales

    9,344       2,091       3,006       -       14,441  
                                         

Total sales

  $ 53,530     $ 80,848     $ 35,788     $ (427 )   $ 169,739  
                                         

Depreciation and amortization expense

  $ 887     $ 584     $ 263     $ 631     $ 2,365  

Adjusted EBITDA

    6,174       (652 )     2,765       (3,339 )     4,948  

Segment assets

    77,254       126,459       22,051       70,580       296,344  

Capital expenditures

    27       535       218       303       1,083  

 

 

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

 

   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis and

Vehicles

   

Eliminations

and Other

   

Consolidated

 
                                         
Fleet vehicle sales   $ 102,932     $ -     $ 3,129     $ (3,129 )   $ 102,932  
Emergency response vehicle sales     -       121,043       -       -       121,043  

Motor home chassis sales

    -       -       76,751       -       76,751  

Other specialty vehicle sales

    -       -       11,115       -       11,115  

Aftermarket parts and accessories sales

    35,174       5,285       4,719       -       45,178  
                                         

Total sales

  $ 138,106     $ 126,328     $ 95,714     $ (3,129 )   $ 357,019  
                                         

Depreciation and amortization expense

  $ 1,176     $ 1,252     $ 735     $ 1,875     $ 5,038  

Adjusted EBITDA

    12,961       1,435       7,513       (7,418 )     14,491  

Segment assets

    103,812       111,255       31,772       82,845       329,684  

Capital expenditures

    1,565       154       97       2,267       4,083  

 

 

SPARTAN MOTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

 

   

Fleet

Vehicles

and

Services

   

Emergency

Response

Vehicles

   

Specialty

Chassis and

Vehicles

   

Eliminations

and Other

   

Consolidated

 
                                         
Fleet vehicle sales   $ 87,328     $ -     $ 427     $ (427 )   $ 87,328  
Emergency response vehicle sales     -       156,742       -       -       156,742  

Motor home chassis sales

    -       -       54,246       -       54,246  

Other specialty vehicle sales

    -       -       9,015       -       9,015  

Aftermarket parts and accessories sales

    20,122       4,308       5,053       -       29,483  
                                         

Total sales

  $ 107,450     $ 161,050     $ 68,741     $ (427 )   $ 336,814  
                                         

Depreciation and amortization expense

  $ 1,763     $ 1,136     $ 573     $ 1,218     $ 4,690  

Adjusted EBITDA

    12,417       (1,990 )     4,266       (5,557 )     9,136  

Segment assets

    77,254       126,459       22,051       70,580       296,344  

Capital expenditures

    276       718       242       1,202       2,438  

 

 

The table below presents the reconciliation of our consolidated income before taxes to total segment Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement of our financial performance under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income. Adjusted EBITDA may have limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. In addition, although we have excluded certain charges in calculating Adjusted EBITDA, we may in the future incur expenses similar to these adjustments, despite our assessment that such expenses are infrequent and/or not indicative of our regular, ongoing operating performance. Our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA should not be construed as an inference that our future results will be unaffected by unusual or infrequent items.

 

 

   

Three

Months

Ended

June 30,

2018

   

Three

Months

Ended

June 30,

2017

   

Six

Months

Ended

June 30,

2018

   

Six

Months

Ended

June 30,

2017

 

Total segment adjusted EBITDA

  $ 12,958     $ 8,287     $ 21,909     $ 14,693  

Add (subtract):

                               

Interest expense

    (270 )     (129 )     (592 )     (393 )

Depreciation and amortization expense

    (2,586 )     (2,365 )     (5,038 )     (4,690 )

Restructuring expense

    (797 )     (325 )     (817 )     (968 )

Acquisition expense

    (373 )     (60 )     (535 )     (731 )

Recall expense

    443       -       443       -  
Long-term strategic planning expense     (718 )     -       (718 )     -  

Impact of acquisition on timing of chassis revenue recognition

    -       (853 )     -       (1,965 )

Impact of step-up in inventory value resulting from acquisition

    -       -       -       (189 )

Impact of acquisition adjustments for net working capital and contingent liability

    693       -       2,193       -  

Unallocated corporate expenses

    (4,073 )     (3,339 )     (7,418 )     (5,557 )

Consolidated income before taxes

  $ 5,277     $ 1,216     $ 9,427     $ 200  

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Spartan Motors, Inc. was organized as a Michigan corporation on September 18, 1975, and is headquartered in Charlotte, Michigan. Spartan Motors began development of its first product that same year and shipped its first fire truck chassis in October 1975.

 

We are known as a leading, niche market engineer and manufacturer in the heavy-duty, custom vehicles marketplace. Our operating activities are conducted through our wholly-owned operating subsidiary, Spartan Motors USA, Inc. (“Spartan USA”), with locations in Charlotte, Michigan; Brandon, South Dakota; Ephrata, Pennsylvania; Snyder and Neligh, Nebraska; Delavan, Wisconsin; Bristol, Indiana; Kansas City, Missouri; and Saltillo, Mexico. Spartan USA was formerly known as Crimson Fire, Inc.

 

Our Bristol, Indiana location manufactures vehicles used in the parcel delivery, mobile retail and trades and construction industries, and supplies related aftermarket parts and services under the Utilimaster brand name. Our Kansas City, Missouri and Saltillo, Mexico locations sell and install equipment used in fleet vehicles. Our Charlotte, Michigan location manufactures heavy-duty chassis and vehicles, and supplies aftermarket parts and accessories under the Spartan Chassis and Spartan ER brand names. Our Brandon, South Dakota; Snyder and Neligh, Nebraska; Delavan, Wisconsin; and Ephrata, Pennsylvania locations manufacture emergency response vehicles under the Spartan ER, Smeal, US Tanker and Ladder Tower Company brand names. In June 2018, we implemented a plan to close our Delavan, Wisconsin facility and consolidate production with our Brandon, South Dakota facility. Spartan USA is also a participant in Spartan-Gimaex Innovations, LLC (“Spartan-Gimaex”), a 50/50 joint venture with Gimaex Holding, Inc. that was formed to provide emergency response vehicles for the domestic and international markets. Spartan-Gimaex is reported as a consolidated subsidiary of Spartan Motors, Inc. In February 2015, Spartan USA and Gimaex Holding, Inc. mutually agreed to begin discussions regarding the dissolution of the joint venture. No dissolution terms have been determined as of the date of this Form 10-Q.

 

Our business strategy is to further diversify product lines and develop innovative design, engineering and manufacturing expertise in order to be the best value producer of custom vehicle products. Our diversification across several sectors provides numerous opportunities while reducing overall risk. Additionally, our business model provides the agility to quickly respond to market needs, take advantage of strategic opportunities when they arise and correctly size operations to ensure stability and growth.

 

We have an innovative team focused on building lasting relationships with our customers. This is accomplished by striving to deliver premium custom vehicles, vehicle components, and services. We believe we can best carry out our long-term business plan and obtain optimal financial flexibility by using a combination of borrowings under our credit facilities, as well as internally or externally generated equity capital, as sources of expansion capital.

 

 

Executive Overview

 

 

Revenue of $184.0 million in the second quarter of 2018, an increase of 8.4% compared to $169.7 million in the second quarter of 2017.

 

Gross profit of $26.4 million in the second quarter of 2018, an increase of 35.2% compared to $19.5 million in the second quarter of 2017.

 

Gross Margin of 14.3% in the second quarter of 2018, compared to 11.5% in the second quarter of 2017.

 

Operating expense of $21.7 million, or 11.8% of sales in the second quarter of 2018, compared to $18.3 million or 10.8% of sales in the second quarter of 2017.

 

Operating income of $4.7 million in the second quarter of 2018, compared to $1.2 million in the second quarter of 2017.

 

Net income of $3.7 million in the second quarter of 2018, compared to $1.1 million in the second quarter of 2017.

 

Earnings per share of $0.11 in the second quarter of 2018, compared to $0.03 in the second quarter of 2017.

 

Order backlog of $524.1 million at June 30, 2018, an increase of $151.3 million or 40.6% from our backlog of $372.8 million at June 30, 2017. $9.7 million of the United States Postal Service order of $214.0M was fulfilled in the second quarter of 2018. The remainder of the order will be fulfilled through 2019.

 

We believe we are well positioned to take advantage of long-term opportunities, and continue our efforts to bring product innovations to each of the markets that we serve. Some of our recent innovations and strategic developments include:

 

 

Our diversified business model. We believe the major strength of our business model is market diversity and customization. Our Fleet Vehicles and Specialty Chassis and Vehicles segments serve mainly business and consumer markets, effectively diversifying our company and complementing our Emergency Response Vehicles segment, which primarily serves governmental entities. Additionally, the fleet vehicle market is an early-cycle industry, complementary to the late-cycle emergency response vehicle industry. We intend to continue to pursue additional areas that build on our core competencies to diversify our business further.

 

 

Our alliance with Motiv Power Systems, a leading producer of all-electric chassis for walk-in vans, box trucks, work trucks, buses and other specialty vehicles that provides Spartan with exclusive access to Motiv’s EPICTM all-electric chassis in manufacturing Class 4 – Class 6 walk-in vans. This alliance demonstrates Spartan’s ability to innovate and advance the markets we serve, and places us ahead of the curve in the EV fleet market.

 

 

Our expansion into the equipment up-fit market for vehicles used in the parcel delivery, trades and construction industries. This rapidly expanding market offers an opportunity to add value to current and new customers for our fleet vehicles and vehicles produced by other original equipment manufacturers.

 

 

Spartan introduced its refrigeration technology to demonstrate our ability to apply the latest technical advancements with our unique understanding of last-mile delivery optimization. Utilimaster's Work-Driven Design™ process provides best-in-class conversion solutions in walk-in vans, truck bodies, and cargo van vehicles. The refrigerated van is up-fitted to optimally preserve cold cargo quality while offering customizations such as removable bulkheads and optional thermal curtains. The multi-temperature solution requires no additional fuel source, so it can serve a wide variety of categories from food and grocery to time and temperature sensitive healthcare deliveries.

 

 

The introduction of the K1 360 chassis. The K1 360 chassis combines the craftsmanship of the coach manufacturer with our best-in-class chassis quality and durability for a luxury motor coach in a more nimble package. This chassis features an independent front suspension package, complete with custom-tuned shocks and a heavy-duty 360 horsepower diesel engine to provide drivers with superior ride and handling.

 

 

The introduction of Spartan Safe Haul. Spartan Safe Haul is the motor home industry’s only chassis-integrated air supply for tow vehicle braking systems, available on Spartan Class A motor home chassis for the 2019 model year.

 

 

 

Spartan Connected Coach, a technology bundle for our motor home chassis that includes a 15-inch digital dash displaying gauge functions, tire pressure monitoring, blind spot indicators, navigation, and other information. Connected Coach also offers passive keyless start and adjustable Adaptive Cruise Control, and brings proven automotive technology to the RV market.

 

 

The introduction of the Velocity, a new delivery vehicle design that combines the productivity of a walk-in van for multi-stop deliveries with the superior fuel economy of the Ford Transit chassis.

 

 

The strength of our balance sheet, which includes robust working capital, low debt and access to credit through our revolving line of credit.

 

The following section provides a narrative discussion about our financial condition and results of operations. Certain amounts in the narrative discussion may not sum due to rounding. The comments should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes thereto included in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q and in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 1, 2018.

 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the components of the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as a percentage of sales (percentages may not sum due to rounding):

 

   

Three Months Ended June 30,

   

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Sales

    100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  

Cost of products sold

    85.7       88.5       86.4       89.3  

Restructuring charge

    0.0       0.0       0.0       0.0  

Gross profit

    14.3       11.5       13.6       10.7  

Operating expenses:

                               

Research and development

    1.0       0.9       0.9       1.0  

Selling, general and administrative

    10.4       9.7       10.4       9.2  

Restructuring charge

    0.4       0.2       0.2       0.2  

Operating income

    2.5       0.7       2.1