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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Milacron Holdings Corp.exhibit321q22018.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Milacron Holdings Corp.exhibit312q22018.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Milacron Holdings Corp.exhibit311q22018.htm
EX-10.2 - EXHIBIT 10.2 - Milacron Holdings Corp.exhibit102q22018.htm
EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - Milacron Holdings Corp.exhibit101q22018.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________
Form 10-Q
________________
 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018

OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _____ to _____.
Commission File Number 001-37458
___________________________
Milacron Holdings Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________
 
Delaware
 
 
 
80-0798640
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
 
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
 
10200 Alliance Road, Suite 200
 
 
 
 
Cincinnati, Ohio 45242
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
 
 
(513) 487-5000
 
 
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes     ý No     o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes     ý No     o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ý
 
Accelerated filer     ¨
 
Non-accelerated filer    ¨
 
Smaller reporting company    ¨
 
Emerging growth company  ¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financing accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     o No     ý
At June 30, 2018, there were 70,495,120 common shares, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding.
 




Milacron Holdings Corp.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
For the Period Ended June 30, 2018

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
 
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
ITEM 5.
ITEM 6.
 
 
 


2



Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are subject to risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical fact or relating to present facts or current conditions contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements give our current expectations and projections relating to our financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business. You can identify forward-looking statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. These statements may include words such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “plan,” “intend,” “believe,” “may,” “should,” “can have,” “likely” and other words and terms of similar meaning in connection with any discussion of the timing or nature of future operating or financial performance or other events. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to statements we make regarding (1) our belief that our cash and cash equivalents, cash flow from operations and borrowings under our asset-based revolving credit facility and other foreign lines of credit will provide us adequate cash to fund the operating needs, working capital, capital expenditure, debt service and other requirements for our business for the foreseeable future; (2) estimated capital expenditures for future periods; and (3) estimated cost savings and opportunities to drive margin improvements.

The forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based on assumptions that we have made in light of our industry experience and our perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. As you read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, you should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties (many of which are beyond our control) and assumptions. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, you should be aware that many factors could affect our actual operating and financial performance and cause our performance to differ materially from the performance anticipated in the forward-looking statements, including the risk factors discussed in Item 1A. Risk Factors included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 28, 2018. There may be other factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements.

Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of these assumptions prove incorrect, our actual operating and financial performance may vary in material respects from the performance projected in these forward-looking statements. We caution you therefore against relying on these forward-looking statements.

Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speaks only as of the date on which we make it. Factors or events that could cause our actual operating and financial performance to differ may emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all of them. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise, except as may be required by law.


3



MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
June 30, 2018
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
December 31, 2017
 
(in millions, except share data)
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
150.8

 
$
187.9

Accounts receivable, net
191.3

 
186.3

Inventories, net:
 
 
 
Raw materials
93.5

 
90.2

Work-in-process
60.9

 
56.0

Finished products
137.8

 
121.7

Total inventories, net
292.2

 
267.9

Prepaid and other current assets
56.4

 
62.8

Total current assets
690.7

 
704.9

Property and equipment, net
253.9

 
260.8

Goodwill
527.8

 
535.1

Intangible assets, net
313.4

 
332.4

Other noncurrent assets
32.7

 
25.6

Total assets
$
1,818.5

 
$
1,858.8

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
$
6.9

 
$
7.4

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations due within one year
0.1

 
9.4

Accounts payable
123.9

 
121.6

Advanced billings and deposits
62.9

 
62.8

Accrued salaries, wages and other compensation
23.6

 
29.7

Other current liabilities
78.6

 
75.7

Total current liabilities
296.0

 
306.6

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations
877.4

 
916.4

Deferred income tax liabilities
60.3

 
60.4

Accrued pension liabilities
29.9

 
30.9

Other noncurrent accrued liabilities
22.4

 
23.8

Total liabilities
1,286.0

 
1,338.1

Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock - $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, none outstanding

 

Common stock - $0.01 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized; 70,495,120 and 69,644,918
 
 
 
     issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
0.7

 
0.7

Capital in excess of par value
685.7

 
675.9

Retained deficit
(49.7
)
 
(70.5
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(104.2
)
 
(85.4
)
Total shareholders’ equity
532.5

 
520.7

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
1,818.5

 
$
1,858.8

See accompanying notes.


4



MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions, except per share data)

Net sales
$
328.1

 
$
309.2

 
$
638.5

 
$
594.6

Cost of sales
215.9

 
205.4

 
422.4

 
397.0

Manufacturing margins
112.2

 
103.8

 
216.1

 
197.6

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
65.2

 
64.2

 
131.3

 
128.5

Amortization expense
6.7

 
7.1

 
13.5

 
14.1

Loss (gain) on currency translation
2.4

 
(2.8
)
 
2.6

 
(4.1
)
Other expense, net
2.7

 
6.4

 
10.4

 
10.2

Total operating expenses
77.0

 
74.9

 
157.8

 
148.7

Operating earnings
35.2

 
28.9

 
58.3

 
48.9

Interest expense, net
11.3

 
10.4

 
22.0

 
22.8

Loss on debt extinguishment
0.4

 

 
0.7

 
25.2

Other non-operating expenses
0.2

 
0.3

 
0.5

 
0.6

Earnings before income taxes
23.3

 
18.2

 
35.1

 
0.3

Income tax expense
8.4

 
8.1

 
14.3

 
14.8

Net earnings (loss)
$
14.9

 
$
10.1

 
$
20.8

 
$
(14.5
)
Earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.21

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.30

 
$
(0.21
)
Diluted
$
0.21

 
$
0.14

 
$
0.29

 
$
(0.21
)
See accompanying notes.



5



MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Net earnings (loss)
$
14.9

 
$
10.1

 
$
20.8

 
$
(14.5
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(51.6
)
 
20.9

 
(25.0
)
 
39.7

Unrecognized post-retirement plan gain (loss)
0.5

 
(0.2
)
 
0.5

 
(0.3
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on hedging activities
1.3

 
(1.7
)
 
5.7

 
(1.6
)
Total other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
(49.8
)
 
19.0

 
(18.8
)
 
37.8

Comprehensive (loss) income
$
(34.9
)
 
$
29.1

 
$
2.0

 
$
23.3

See accompanying notes.

6



MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
$
20.8

 
$
(14.5
)
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
28.7

 
28.8

Unrealized loss (gain) on currency translation of intercompany advances
3.2

 
(5.0
)
Amortization of deferred financing costs
1.7

 
1.6

Loss on debt extinguishment
0.7

 
25.2

Non-cash stock-based compensation expense
5.9

 
4.3

Deferred income taxes
1.5

 
2.0

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(8.5
)
 
(16.2
)
Inventories
(29.9
)
 
(34.8
)
Prepaid and other current assets
(1.5
)
 
(0.5
)
Accounts payable
5.7

 
7.3

Advanced billings and deposits
1.2

 
9.3

Other current liabilities
(6.5
)
 
(11.6
)
Other noncurrent assets
(0.3
)
 
1.0

Other noncurrent accrued liabilities
(0.6
)
 
1.7

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
22.1

 
(1.4
)
Investing activities
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(15.9
)
 
(25.0
)
Proceeds from disposals of property and equipment
8.5

 
3.5

Net cash used in investing activities
(7.4
)
 
(21.5
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt (original maturities longer than 90 days)

 
1,010.4

Payments on long-term debt and capital lease obligations (original maturities longer than 90 days)
(50.0
)
 
(1,014.7
)
Net decrease in short-term borrowings (original maturities of 90 days or less)
(0.4
)
 
(0.3
)
Debt extinguishment costs

 
(18.0
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
3.9

 
3.2

Proceeds from lease financing transaction

 
10.9

Debt issuance costs
(0.7
)
 
(9.6
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(47.2
)
 
(18.1
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(4.6
)
 
4.9

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(37.1
)
 
(36.1
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
187.9

 
130.2

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
150.8

 
$
94.1

See accompanying notes

7



MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 and for the
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
1. Background and Basis of Presentation
Milacron Holdings Corp. (the "Company" or "Milacron") is a global leader in the manufacture, distribution, and service of highly engineered and customized systems used in the plastic technology and processing industry. The Company has a full-line product portfolio that includes hot runner systems, injection molding, blow molding and extrusion equipment and produces process control systems, mold bases and components and maintenance, repair and operating ("MRO") supplies for plastic processing equipment and fluid technology. The Company operates throughout the world and is headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio.
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by United States generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") for complete financial statements. However, in the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) have been made that are necessary for a fair presentation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the interim periods. The interim period results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. These interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 28, 2018.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) ("ASU 2014-09"). ASU 2014-09, as further amended, affects virtually all aspects of an entity’s revenue recognition, including determining the measurement of revenue and the timing of when it is recognized for the transfer of goods or services to customers. ASU 2014-09 was effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2018. The guidance permits two methods of adoption - retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (full retrospective method), or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application (modified retrospective method). The new standard also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows from customer contracts. The Company has completed its detailed review of the new standard and adopted Topic 606 on January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective method, which did not result in an adjustment to equity. The Company's sales transactions generally consist of a single performance obligation to transfer promised goods or services.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Costs ("ASU 2017-07"). ASU 2017-07 requires the service component of pension and other postretirement benefit costs to be presented in the same line item as other employee compensation costs on the consolidated statements of operations; however, the other components of net benefit cost are required to be presented outside of operating income within the consolidated statements of operations. ASU 2017-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2017 and the Company adopted the accounting standard update as of January 1, 2018. The other components of net benefit cost of $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $0.5 million and $0.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, are presented in a separate line outside of operations within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company has retrospectively applied the change in accounting principle to all periods presented. The adoption of this standard update had no other effect on the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASU 2016-02"). ASU 2016-02 establishes a right-of-use ("ROU") model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than twelve months. Leases will be either classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. ASU 2016-02 also requires significant additional disclosures about the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows from leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2019 with early adoption allowed and practical expedients to measure the effect of adoption also being allowed. The Company does not plan to early adopt ASU 2016-02.

8

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
1. Background and Basis of Presentation (continued)

The Company has begun evaluating the lease portfolio, lease accounting system, practical expedient and accounting policy elections and the overall financial statement impact. The Company has made progress in gathering the necessary data elements for the lease population and a system provider has been selected, with system configuration and implementation underway. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance on its consolidated financial results and expects it will have a material impact the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
2. Revenue
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2014-09 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASU 2014-09, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with historic accounting.
The Company applies the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and all related appropriate guidance. The Company recognizes revenue under the core principle to depict the transfer of control to the Company's customers in an amount reflecting the consideration the Company expects to be entitled. In order to achieve that core principle, the Company applies the following five step approach: (1) identify the contract with a customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue when the performance obligation is satisfied.
The Company considers customer purchase orders to be contracts with a customer. For each contract, the Company considers the promise to transfer products, each of which are distinct, to be the identified performance obligations. As the Company's standard payment terms are less than one year, the Company has elected the practical expedient under ASC 606-10-32-18 to not assess whether a contract has a significant financing component. The Company allocates the transaction price to each distinct product based on their relative standalone selling price. Revenue is recognized when control of the product is transferred to the customer (i.e., when the Company's performance obligation is satisfied), which typically occurs at shipment.

9

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
2. Revenue (continued)


The following table provides information about disaggregated revenue by primary geographical and end markets, and includes a reconciliation of the disaggregated revenue with reportable segments:
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
Advanced
Plastic
Processing
Technologies
 
Melt
Delivery
and Control
Systems
 
Fluid
Technologies
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Primary geographical markets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America
$
110.9

 
$
34.8

 
$
13.2

 
$
158.9

Europe
16.4

 
33.4

 
13.4

 
63.2

China
5.3

 
39.7

 
3.5

 
48.5

India
27.8

 
3.8

 
0.4

 
32.0

Other
10.0

 
12.4

 
3.1

 
25.5

Total
$
170.4

 
$
124.1

 
$
33.6

 
$
328.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
End markets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automotive
$
19.7

 
$
20.9

 
$
7.9

 
$
48.5

Packaging
39.8

 
10.5

 

 
50.3

Consumer goods
21.6

 
18.6

 
1.6

 
41.8

Electronics
13.1

 
20.7

 
1.9

 
35.7

Medical
7.2

 
8.2

 
0.2

 
15.6

Construction
23.2

 
0.4

 

 
23.6

Custom molders
21.2

 
11.1

 

 
32.3

Industrial machinery and other
24.6

 
33.7

 
22.0

 
80.3

Total
$
170.4

 
$
124.1

 
$
33.6

 
$
328.1



10

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
2. Revenue (continued)


 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
Advanced
Plastic
Processing
Technologies
 
Melt
Delivery
and Control
Systems
 
Fluid
Technologies
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Primary geographical markets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America
$
204.7

 
$
70.6

 
$
26.0

 
$
301.3

Europe
36.4

 
66.6

 
26.0

 
129.0

China
11.4

 
71.8

 
6.3

 
89.5

India
59.7

 
7.6

 
0.7

 
68.0

Other
20.1

 
24.0

 
6.6

 
50.7

Total
$
332.3

 
$
240.6

 
$
65.6

 
$
638.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
End markets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automotive
$
41.8

 
$
42.6

 
$
14.7

 
$
99.1

Packaging
76.2

 
21.8

 
0.1

 
98.1

Consumer goods
37.7

 
37.9

 
3.0

 
78.6

Electronics
24.5

 
34.5

 
3.7

 
62.7

Medical
13.5

 
15.6

 
0.4

 
29.5

Construction
48.7

 
0.9

 

 
49.6

Custom molders
40.6

 
16.3

 

 
56.9

Industrial machinery and other
49.3

 
71.0

 
43.7

 
164.0

Total
$
332.3

 
$
240.6

 
$
65.6

 
$
638.5

We receive payments from customers based upon contractual billing schedules. Accounts receivable are recorded when the right to receive consideration becomes unconditional. Contract liabilities include payments received in advance of performance under the contract and are realized with the associated revenue recognized under the contract.
Significant changes in the contract liabilities balances during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
(in millions)
Balance at beginning of period
$
71.4

 
$
62.8

Additional advanced billings and deposits received
88.9

 
188.2

Revenue recognized
(94.6
)
 
(184.9
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments and other
(2.8
)
 
(3.2
)
Balance at end of period
$
62.9

 
$
62.9

Sales, value-add, and other taxes collected concurrent with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue. Incidental items that are immaterial in the context of the contract are recognized as expense. The expected costs associated with our base warranties and field service actions are recognized as expense when the products are sold. We recognize revenue for service contracts that extend mechanical and maintenance beyond our base warranties over the life of the contract.
The Company generally expenses sales commissions when incurred because the amortization period would have been one year or less. These costs are recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. As permitted by Topic 606, the Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (1) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less, and (2) contracts for which we recognize revenue at the amount to which we have the right to invoice for services performed.

11

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

3. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The following table summarizes the changes in the Company’s goodwill, by reportable segment, for the six months ended June 30, 2018:
 
Advanced
Plastic
Processing
Technologies
 
Melt
Delivery
and Control
Systems
 
Fluid
Technologies
 
Corporate
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
35.6

 
$
452.6

 
$
46.9

 
$

 
$
535.1

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 
(7.3
)
 

 

 
(7.3
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
$
35.6

 
$
445.3

 
$
46.9

 
$

 
$
527.8

There were no goodwill impairment charges during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. Accumulated goodwill impairment was $1.4 million at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
The following table summarizes the Company’s other intangible assets at June 30, 2018:
 
Gross
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Amount
 
(in millions)
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
Trademarks
$
42.7

 
$
24.0

 
$
18.7

Technology
114.4

 
50.9

 
63.5

Customer relationships
231.2

 
139.1

 
92.1

Total intangible assets subject to amortization
388.3

 
214.0

 
174.3

Trademarks, not subject to amortization
139.1

 

 
139.1

Total
$
527.4

 
$
214.0

 
$
313.4

The following table summarizes the Company’s other intangible assets at December 31, 2017:
 
Gross
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Amount
 
(in millions)
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
Trademarks
$
43.3

 
$
22.5

 
$
20.8

Technology
119.7

 
48.1

 
71.6

Customer relationships
232.5

 
134.1

 
98.4

Total intangible assets subject to amortization
395.5

 
204.7

 
190.8

Trademarks, not subject to amortization
141.6

 

 
141.6

Total
$
537.1

 
$
204.7

 
$
332.4

Consolidated amortization expense related to intangible assets subject to amortization was $6.7 million and $7.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Consolidated amortization expense related to intangible assets subject to amortization was $13.5 million and $14.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
4. Income Taxes
An estimated annual effective tax rate is used to determine the quarterly provision for income taxes. The effective rate is based on various factors including expected annual income, statutory tax rates, tax planning strategies in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates, permanent items, valuation allowances against deferred tax assets and the ability to utilize tax credits and net operating loss carryforwards. Subsequent recognition, derecognition and measurement of uncertain tax positions are separately recognized in the quarter in which the underlying transaction or event occurs which causes variability in the effective tax rates from quarter to quarter.

12

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
4. Income Taxes (continued)

The effective rate for each period differs from the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate due to the mix of earnings by jurisdiction and the effect of transaction costs and business combination accounting adjustments that do not provide tax benefits. The valuation allowances also cause volatility in the effective rate as they reduce deferred tax assets in jurisdictions which lack sufficient positive evidence regarding the ability to utilize the assets and no tax benefit or expense is recognized for losses or income incurred in those jurisdictions.
At December 31, 2017, the Company had estimated U.S. net operating loss carryforwards totaling $136.5 million, which are scheduled to expire beginning in 2029. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had determined that it has experienced multiple ownership changes under Internal Revenue Code Section 382 in prior years. During the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company completed a formal study and determined that the usage of the Company's U.S. net operating losses are limited due to ownership changes that occurred during 2015 and 2017. The Company does not expect the annual limitation to increase U.S. cash taxes or income tax expense.

In accordance with ASC 740, the Company records interest and penalties associated with uncertain tax positions within income tax expense in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company does not have a material liability recorded for interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions for any period presented.

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "Tax Act") was signed into law and institutes fundamental changes to the taxation of multinational corporations. The Tax Act reduces the corporate tax rate to 21%, repeals the alternative minimum tax ("AMT"), limits the interest deduction, enhances the expensing of capital investments, implements a dividend exemption system, eliminates the deferral of foreign earnings, provides a minimum tax on low-taxed foreign earnings and new measures to deter base erosion. As part of the transition to the new tax system, the Tax Act imposes a one-time transition tax on historical undistributed earnings of foreign affiliates through the year ended December 31, 2017. Milacron has applied the guidance in Staff Accounting Bulletin 118 when accounting for the enactment-date effects of the Tax Act. As of June 30, 2018, the Company has not completed its accounting for all effects of the Tax Act as further described below. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company made no adjustments to the provisional amounts recorded as of December 31, 2017. The Company will continue to refine its calculations as additional analysis is completed and as the Company gains a more thorough understanding of the tax law. These changes could be material to income tax expense. As a result of the Tax Act, the Company projects U.S. taxable income for 2018. The projected taxable income has no impact on the effective tax rate as the expense of utilizing the U.S. net operating loss carryforwards is offset by the benefit of reversing the associated valuation allowances.

Corporate Tax Rate Change - For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $4.6 million due to the decrease in the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%. The income tax benefit resulted from reducing net deferred tax liabilities to the new lower rate. There was no impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements as a result of revaluing the Company’s U.S. deferred tax assets as the income tax expense was offset by an income tax benefit for revaluing the associated valuation allowances. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company made no adjustments to the provisional amounts recorded as of December 31, 2017 and the Company expects to be complete upon the filing of the Company's 2017 U.S. income tax return.

Elimination of Alternative Minimum Tax - For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $6.7 million due to the elimination of the AMT and the Company reversed valuation allowances recorded against its AMT credit carryovers. Under the Tax Act, the AMT credit carryovers will be refunded between 2019 and 2022. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company made no adjustments to the provisional amounts recorded as of December 31, 2017 and the Company expects to be complete upon the filing of the Company's 2017 U.S. income tax return.

Mandatory Transition Tax - For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded a provisional transition tax of $6.5 million. The Company expects to utilize existing U.S. net operating loss carryforwards in lieu of paying the transition tax over the next eight years. The one-time transition tax is based on the Company’s total post-1986 earnings and profits (E&P) which the Company had deferred from U.S. income taxes under previous U.S. tax law. The Company will continue to refine its calculations but no adjustments to the provisional amounts recorded at December 31, 2017 were made during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. The Company expects to be complete upon the filing of the Company's 2017 U.S. income tax return.


13

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
4. Income Taxes (continued)

Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income ("GILTI") - The GILTI provisions of the Tax Act also require the Company to include in its U.S. income tax return foreign subsidiary earnings in excess of an allowable return on the foreign subsidiary’s tangible assets. The Company expects that it will have incremental U.S. taxable income as a result of the GILTI provisions beginning in 2018. The FASB states that an entity can make an accounting policy election to either recognize deferred taxes for temporary basis differences expected to reverse as GILTI in future years or provide for the tax expense related to GILTI in the year the tax is incurred. Given the complexity of the GILTI provisions, the Company is still evaluating the effects of the GILTI provisions and has not yet determined its accounting policy. As of June 30, 2018, the Company computed an estimate of GILTI income for 2018; however, the estimate did not impact the Company’s effective tax rate as discussed above.
Interest Limitation - The Tax Act limits net interest expense to 30% of adjusted taxable income. At June 30, 2018, the Company expects its interest expense deduction to be limited; however, the limitation did not impact the Company’s expected effective tax rate as a result of the Company's full valuation allowance position in the U.S.
Undistributed Foreign Earnings - As of June 30, 2018, the Company asserts that all foreign earnings will be indefinitely reinvested with the exception of certain foreign investments in which earnings and cash generation are in excess of local needs. With the passage of the Tax Act, the Company's deferral of recognition of its previously earned foreign earnings ceased. Deferred tax liabilities recorded represent withholding taxes on accumulated foreign earnings for which the Company does not intend to permanently reinvest. The Company will continue to monitor its assertion related to investment of foreign earnings.
5. Debt
Debt for the Company consists of the following:
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Principal
 
Unamortized Discount and Debt Issuance Costs
 
Net
 
Principal
 
Unamortized Discount and Debt Issuance Costs
 
Net
 
(in millions)
Senior secured term loan facility due September 2023
$
887.5

 
$
10.2

 
$
877.3

 
$
937.5

 
$
11.9

 
$
925.6

Borrowings under other lines of credit
6.9

 

 
6.9

 
7.4

 

 
7.4

Capital lease obligations and other
0.2

 

 
0.2

 
0.2

 

 
0.2

 
894.6

 
10.2

 
884.4

 
945.1

 
11.9

 
933.2

Less current portion
(7.0
)
 

 
(7.0
)
 
(16.9
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(16.8
)
 
$
887.6

 
$
10.2

 
$
877.4

 
$
928.2

 
$
11.8

 
$
916.4

On February 28, 2018 and April 30, 2018, the Company made voluntary $25.0 million principal payments, totaling $50.0 million, on the senior secured term loan facility due September 2023 ("2017 Term Loan Facility").
On April 27, 2018, the Company's senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility ("ABL Facility") was amended and restated to reduce each of the applicable margins in determining the interest rates on loans by 0.50% per annum, reduce the unused line fee by 0.125% per annum, extend the maturity date to April 2023 and reallocate $5.0 million of availability under the ABL Facility from the German sub-facility to the U.S. sub-facility. The covenants and other terms of the ABL Facility were not significantly changed.
6. Employee Benefit Plans
The Company sponsors three noncontributory defined benefit pension plans for certain non-U.S. employees and retirees. One plan covers certain employees in the United Kingdom and the other two plans cover certain employees in Germany. The service cost was $0.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 and $0.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 and is included in cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The other components of net periodic pension costs totaled $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $0.5 million and $0.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and are included in other non-operating expenses in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

14

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

7. Net Earnings (Loss) Per Share
The following is a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic and diluted net earnings (loss) per share ("EPS") computations:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions, except common share and per common share amounts)
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
$
14.9

 
$
10.1

 
$
20.8

 
$
(14.5
)
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator for basic EPS–weighted-average common shares
69,646,435

 
68,500,028

 
69,432,137

 
68,380,684

Dilutive effect of stock-based compensation arrangements
2,057,285

 
2,438,490

 
2,193,326

 

Denominator for diluted EPS–adjusted weighted-average common shares
71,703,720

 
70,938,518

 
71,625,463

 
68,380,684

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic EPS
$
0.21

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.30

 
$
(0.21
)
Diluted EPS
$
0.21

 
$
0.14

 
$
0.29

 
$
(0.21
)
The diluted EPS calculation for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 excludes the effect of 0.9 million outstanding stock options as their effect is anti-dilutive and 0.2 million outstanding performance stock units as the performance criteria has not yet been achieved. The diluted EPS calculation for the three months ended June 30, 2017 excludes 1.5 million outstanding stock options as their effect is anti-dilutive. The diluted EPS calculation for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 excludes the effect of 0.1 million outstanding performance stock units as the performance criteria has not yet been achieved. The diluted EPS calculation for the six months ended June 30, 2017 excludes the effect of 0.6 million shares of restricted stock, 0.2 million restricted stock units and 5.0 million outstanding stock options as their effect is anti-dilutive. Holders of non-vested stock-based compensation awards do not have voting rights or rights to receive nonforfeitable dividends on the shares covered by the awards.
8. Stock-based Compensation
On March 1, 2018, the Company granted 0.1 million performance stock units, 0.3 million restricted stock awards and 0.2 million restricted stock units under the 2015 Equity Incentive Plan. The performance stock units contain a three-year performance period with a performance target based on return on invested capital and possible payouts ranging from 50% to 200% of the target awards. The restricted stock awards and restricted stock units vest in equal annual increments over three years.
9. Derivative Financial Instruments
In the normal course of business, including the purchasing of materials and selling of products, the Company is exposed to certain risks related to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to manage risks from these market fluctuations. The Company is also exposed to certain risks related to fluctuations in interest rates and uses interest rate swaps to manage risk from these market fluctuations. The counterparties to these financial instruments are financial institutions with strong credit ratings. The Company maintains control over the size of positions entered into with any one counterparty and monitors the credit ratings of these institutions.
Foreign Currency Forward Contracts
The Company currently hedges its risk relative to fluctuations in the Canadian dollar, Euro and Japanese yen for forecasted cash outflows denominated in these currencies. The Company had foreign currency forward contracts denominated in these currencies outstanding with notional amounts totaling $19.0 million at June 30, 2018 and $0.3 million at December 31, 2017. As of June 30, 2018, all of the Company’s outstanding instruments mature within the next six months.
The Company’s derivative instruments discussed above are designated as cash flow hedges and the fair value of these derivative instruments was $0.9 million at June 30, 2018 and are included in other current liabilities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and insignificant at December 31, 2017.

15

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
9. Derivative Financial Instruments (continued)

The Company also enters into derivative instruments (forwards) to economically hedge the impact of fluctuations in the Indian rupee. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized a loss of $0.1 million related to the changes in fair value of these derivative instruments not designated as hedges. During the three months ended June 30, 2017, the Company recognized a loss of $0.1 million related to the changes in fair value of these derivative instruments not designated as hedges. These gains and losses are recognized immediately within the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and are classified within loss (gain) on currency translation. The fair value of these derivative instruments not designated as hedges at June 30, 2018 was insignificant.
Interest Rate Swap Agreements
The Company is exposed to changes in interest rates on its variable rate debt. In order to manage this risk, on February 16, 2017, Milacron LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, entered into two interest rate swap transactions effective for a four-year period beginning January 31, 2018 with a total notional amount of $400.0 million. The interest rate swaps are intended to manage the Company's interest rate risk by fixing the interest rate on a portion of the Company's debt outstanding under the 2017 Term Loan Facility that was previously subject to a floating interest rate equal to 1-month LIBOR plus a credit spread. The swaps provide for the Company to pay a fixed rate of 2.062% per annum on such portion of the outstanding debt in exchange for receiving a variable interest rate based on 1-month LIBOR. The effect is a synthetically fixed rate of 2.062% plus the loan spread for the term and debt hedged.    
The Company designated these interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges of floating rate borrowings and expects the hedge to be highly effective in offsetting fluctuations in the designated interest payments resulting from changes in the benchmark interest rate. The gains and losses on the designated interest rate swaps will offset losses and gains on the transactions being hedged. The fair value of the interest rate swaps is calculated by taking into consideration current interest rates and the current creditworthiness of the counterparties or the Company, as applicable. The effective portion of changes in the fair value of the interest rate swaps is reflected as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and recognized as interest expense, net as payments are paid or accrued. The remaining gain or loss in excess of the cumulative change in the present value of the future cash flows of the hedge item, if any (i.e. the ineffective portion), is recognized as interest expense, net during the current period. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded $0.1 million of hedge ineffectiveness in earnings. During the three months ended June 30, 2017, the Company recorded $0.1 million of hedge ineffectiveness in earnings.
The following table provides the effect of the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts and interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017:
Type of instrument:
Gain (Loss)
Recognized in OCI
on Derivative
(Effective Portion)
 
Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI
into Income
(Effective Portion)
 
(in millions)
Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
(0.8
)
 
$
0.2

Interest rate swaps
$
2.6

 
$

Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
0.6

 
$
(0.4
)
Interest rate swaps
$
(2.5
)
 
$

 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
(1.0
)
 
$
0.2

Interest rate swaps
$
8.4

 
$

Six Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
0.7

 
$
(0.4
)
Interest rate swaps
$
(2.5
)
 
$


16

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
9. Derivative Financial Instruments (continued)

All gains (losses) that are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into income (effective portion) are classified in loss (gain) on currency translation or cost of sales within the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The gain (loss) recognized related to the ineffective portion of the foreign exchange contracts was immaterial for all periods presented.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company estimates the fair value of its financial instruments utilizing an established three-level hierarchy. The hierarchy is based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date as follows:
Level 1–Valuation is based upon unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2–Valuation is based upon quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or other inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial statements.
Level 3–Valuation is based upon other unobservable inputs that are significant to the fair value measurements.
The classification of fair value measurements within the established three-level hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to that measurement. The fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments were measured using valuations based upon quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets (Level 2) and are valued by reference to similar financial instruments, adjusted for terms specific to the contracts. There were no transfers between the three levels of the fair value hierarchy during any period presented. The derivative assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were as follows:
 
Balance Sheet Location
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
 
(in millions)
June 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency forward contracts (liability position)
Other current liabilities
$
0.9

 
$

 
$
0.9

 
$

Interest rate swap agreements (asset position)
Prepaid and other current assets
$
1.3

 
$

 
$
1.3

 
$

Interest rate swap agreements (asset position)
Other noncurrent assets
$
7.6

 
$

 
$
7.6

 
$

December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap agreements (asset position)
Other noncurrent assets
$
1.7

 
$

 
$
1.7

 
$

Interest rate swap agreements (liability position)
Other current liabilities
$
1.0

 
$

 
$
1.0

 
$


17

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table summarizes the changes in the accumulated balances for each component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Unrecognized
Post-
Retirement
Plan Losses
 
Derivative
Financial
Instruments
 
Total
 
(in millions)
Balance at March 31, 2017
$
(131.2
)
 
$
(7.4
)
 
$
(0.5
)
 
$
(139.1
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
20.9

 
(0.3
)
 
(2.1
)
 
18.5

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
0.1

 
0.4

 
0.5

Other comprehensive income (loss)
20.9

 
(0.2
)
 
(1.7
)
 
19.0

Balance at June 30, 2017
$
(110.3
)
 
$
(7.6
)
 
$
(2.2
)
 
$
(120.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at March 31, 2018
$
(51.7
)
 
$
(7.2
)
 
$
4.5

 
$
(54.4
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
(51.6
)
 
0.3

 
1.5

 
(49.8
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
0.2

 
(0.2
)
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income
(51.6
)
 
0.5

 
1.3

 
(49.8
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
$
(103.3
)
 
$
(6.7
)
 
$
5.8

 
$
(104.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
(150.0
)
 
$
(7.3
)
 
$
(0.6
)
 
$
(157.9
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
39.7

 
(0.6
)
 
(2.0
)
 
37.1

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
0.3

 
0.4

 
0.7

Other comprehensive income (loss)
39.7

 
(0.3
)
 
(1.6
)
 
37.8

Balance at June 30, 2017
$
(110.3
)
 
$
(7.6
)
 
$
(2.2
)
 
$
(120.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
(78.3
)
 
$
(7.2
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
(85.4
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
(25.0
)
 
0.2

 
5.9

 
(18.9
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
0.3

 
(0.2
)
 
0.1

Other comprehensive (loss) income
(25.0
)
 
0.5

 
5.7

 
(18.8
)
Balance at June 30, 2018
$
(103.3
)
 
$
(6.7
)
 
$
5.8

 
$
(104.2
)

18

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) (continued)

The following table summarizes the reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
Classification
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
of Expense
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
(in millions)
Unrealized pension and post-retirement obligations:
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustment of pension and post-retirement obligations
(a)
 
$
(0.2
)
 
$
(0.1
)
Tax benefit
(c)
 

 

Adjustment of pension and post-retirement obligations, net of tax
 
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.1
)
Derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) on derivative financial instruments
(b)
 
0.2

 
(0.4
)
Tax benefit
(c)
 

 

Gain (loss) on derivative financial instruments, net of tax
 
 
0.2

 
(0.4
)
Total reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
$

 
$
(0.5
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Classification
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
of Expense
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
(in millions)
Unrealized pension and post-retirement obligations:
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustment of pension and post-retirement obligations
(a)
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(0.3
)
Tax benefit
(c)
 

 

Adjustment of pension and post-retirement obligations, net of tax
 
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(0.3
)
Derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
Gain (loss) on derivative financial instruments
(b)
 
0.2

 
(0.4
)
Tax benefit
(c)
 

 

Gain (loss) on derivative financial instruments, net of tax
 
 
0.2

 
(0.4
)
Total reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.7
)
(a)
Amount is included in the calculation of pension cost within other non-operating expenses in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(b)
Amount is included in cost of sales and loss (gain) on currency translation in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(c)
These amounts are included in income tax expense in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
11. Warranty Reserves
A reserve for estimated warranty costs is recorded at the time of sale of machinery and parts and is periodically adjusted to reflect actual experience.
The following table summarizes changes in the Company’s warranty reserves for the periods indicated. Accrued warranty reserves are included in other current liabilities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Balance at beginning of period
$
10.1

 
$
8.0

 
$
9.9

 
$
8.7

Warranty expense
3.4

 
4.1

 
7.5

 
8.1

Warranty claims paid
(3.7
)
 
(3.5
)
 
(7.7
)
 
(8.4
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(0.4
)
 
0.2

 
(0.3
)
 
0.4

Balance at end of period
$
9.4

 
$
8.8

 
$
9.4

 
$
8.8


19

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

12. Restructuring Reserves

2017 Actions
The Company recorded severance expense of $2.7 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 related to the elimination of certain positions within the Company's Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies and Corporate segments. These amounts are included within other expense, net in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and are expected to be substantially paid in cash by the fourth quarter of 2018. The total remaining liability under these severance-related actions was $0.3 million and $1.2 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and is included in other current liabilities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
2016 Actions
On September 30, 2016, the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary Ferromatik Milacron GmbH entered into an agreement with its local works council setting forth a restructuring plan related to its manufacturing facility in Malterdingen, Germany whereby certain operational functions will be shifted to the Company's operations in the Czech Republic, United States and India. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company identified additional employees to be included within the Company's existing restructuring plan. As a result of these additions, as well as the impact of movements in foreign currency, the Company expects to incur total severance and other related costs of approximately $28.0 million to $29.0 million. During the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded severance expense of $3.2 million and $2.7 million, respectively, and during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded severance expense of $9.6 million and $5.3 million, respectively, related to this restructuring plan which is included within other expense, net in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Substantially all of these costs will result in future cash expenditures and are expected to be substantially complete by the end of the first quarter of 2019. As the employees are required to render service in order to receive the termination benefits, the associated liability and expense are being recognized ratably over the future service period. The total remaining liability related to this plan was $14.1 million and $11.1 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and is included in other current liabilities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
13. Sale-Leaseback Transaction
In December 2017, the Company completed the sale of certain manufacturing equipment in the Company's Advanced Plastic Processing Equipment segment. The Company received proceeds of $8.0 million in January 2018 from the sale and recorded a loss of $0.4 million during the year ended December 31, 2017. In connection to the sale, the Company simultaneously entered into an agreement to lease back the equipment for a period of six years with a total of approximately $8.0 million to be paid over the term of the lease in accordance with the rent schedule included in the lease agreement. The lease has been classified as an operating lease and the Company has an option to purchase the equipment at the future fair value upon expiration of the lease.
14. Business Segment Information
The Company’s operations are principally managed based upon the products that are produced and are comprised of three operating segments, which are the same as the Company’s reportable segments: Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies, Melt Delivery and Control Systems, and Fluid Technologies. The factors for determining the Company’s reportable segments include the manner in which management evaluates performance combined with the nature of the individual business activities. The Company evaluates the performance of its segments based on net sales and operating earnings. Operating earnings includes net sales to third parties, related cost of sales and operating expenses directly attributable to the segments. Operating earnings for each segment excludes items that are of a non-operating nature or are of a corporate or functional governance nature. Costs excluded from segment operating earnings include interest expense, income taxes and various corporate expenses such as transaction costs associated with the acquisition of certain businesses, stock-based compensation expense and other separately managed general and administrative costs. The effects of intersegment transactions have been eliminated.

20

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
14. Business Segment Information (continued)

The following table summarizes total assets by segment:
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
(in millions)
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
$
521.3

 
$
524.8

Melt Delivery and Control Systems
1,093.6

 
1,104.5

Fluid Technologies
147.7

 
149.0

Corporate
55.9

 
80.5

Total assets
$
1,818.5

 
$
1,858.8

The following table summarizes long-lived assets, net by segment:
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
(in millions)
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
$
119.7

 
$
123.5

Melt Delivery and Control Systems
110.4

 
113.3

Fluid Technologies
17.0

 
17.8

Corporate
6.8

 
6.2

Total long-lived assets, net
$
253.9

 
$
260.8

The following tables summarize segment information:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Net sales to external customers:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
$
170.4

 
$
166.3

 
$
332.3

 
$
322.9

Melt Delivery and Control Systems
124.1

 
112.4

 
240.6

 
212.2

Fluid Technologies
33.6

 
30.5

 
65.6

 
59.5

Total net sales to external customers
$
328.1

 
$
309.2

 
$
638.5

 
$
594.6


21

MILACRON HOLDINGS CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)
14. Business Segment Information (continued)

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Operating earnings (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
$
10.6

 
$
5.2

 
$
13.2

 
$
7.6

Melt Delivery and Control Systems
30.3

 
30.1

 
57.0

 
55.6

Fluid Technologies
6.4

 
5.5

 
12.4

 
10.1

Corporate
(12.1
)
 
(11.9
)
 
(24.3
)
 
(24.4
)
Total operating earnings
$
35.2

 
$
28.9

 
$
58.3

 
$
48.9

Capital expenditures:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
$
2.8

 
$
4.0

 
$
5.1

 
$
9.9

Melt Delivery and Control Systems
4.7

 
7.5

 
8.8

 
14.1

Fluid Technologies
0.3

 
0.7

 
0.9

 
0.8

Corporate
0.8

 
0.1

 
1.1

 
0.2

Total capital expenditures
$
8.6

 
$
12.3

 
$
15.9

 
$
25.0

Depreciation and amortization:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
$
4.5

 
$
4.9

 
$
9.0

 
$
9.7

Melt Delivery and Control Systems
8.4

 
8.0

 
16.9

 
16.2

Fluid Technologies
1.1

 
1.2

 
2.2

 
2.4

Corporate
0.3

 
0.2

 
0.6

 
0.5

Total depreciation and amortization
$
14.3

 
$
14.3

 
$
28.7

 
$
28.8

The following tables summarize net sales to external customers and long-lived assets, net by geographic region:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Net sales to external customers:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
137.1

 
$
137.0

 
$
258.2

 
$
264.2

China
48.6

 
39.7

 
89.6

 
66.9

India
31.9

 
24.5

 
67.9

 
52.1

Rest of World
110.5

 
108.0

 
222.8

 
211.4

Total net sales to external customers
$
328.1

 
$
309.2

 
$
638.5

 
$
594.6

 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
(in millions)
Long-lived assets, net:
 
 
 
United States
$
65.3

 
$
67.9

China
49.5

 
48.1

India
35.7

 
27.5

Czech Republic
38.5

 
48.2

Canada
29.5

 
31.0

Rest of World
35.4

 
38.1

Total long-lived assets, net
$
253.9

 
$
260.8

15. Subsequent Events
On July 31, 2018, the Company made a voluntary $25.0 million principal payment on the 2017 Term Loan Facility.

22



Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
For an understanding of the significant factors that influenced our results, the following discussion should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this report. This management’s discussion and analysis should also be read in conjunction with the management’s discussion and analysis and consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 as filed with the SEC on February 28, 2018.
Overview
Milacron Holdings Corp. ("Milacron", the "Company", "we", "us" or "our") is a global leader in the manufacture, distribution, and service of highly engineered and customized systems within the plastic technology and processing industry. We serve this market through the following three segments:
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies (“APPT”);
Melt Delivery and Control Systems (“MDCS”); and
Fluid Technologies (“Fluids”).
Our APPT segment designs, manufactures and sells plastic processing equipment and systems, which include injection molding, blow molding, extrusion and auxiliary systems along with the related parts and service, whereas our MDCS segment designs, manufactures and sells hot runner and process control systems, mold bases and components, and sells maintenance, repair and operating (“MRO”) supplies. Hot runner systems are designed for each product a customer manufactures on an injection molding machine. Our Fluids segment is a global manufacturer of synthetic and semi-synthetic lubricants and coolants.
We are the only global company with a full-line product portfolio that includes hot runner systems, injection molding, blow molding and extrusion equipment. We maintain strong market positions across these products, as well as leading positions in process control systems, mold bases and components, MRO supplies and fluid technology.
Milacron has strong brand recognition with over 150 years of continuous operations. With products sold in over 100 countries across six continents, our established and market-driven global footprint is well-positioned to benefit from continued robust industry growth in both developed and emerging markets. Our breadth of products, long history, and global reach have resulted in a large installed base of plastic processing machines and hot runner systems.
Our strategy is designed to maximize revenue from consumable products across the life of a machine, while offering plastic technology solutions to a broad customer base. Management estimates that the value of available consumables revenue across the life of a machine is one to four times the cost of a machine. This strategy has shifted our revenue and earnings model to be more heavily weighted towards consumables, which comprise the majority of revenue from our plastic processing related APPT and MDCS segments on a combined basis. The consumables portion of our APPT and MDCS segments consists of: (1) machine aftermarket parts and service which are required annually, (2) hot runner systems and mold bases which are required each time new plastic parts are designed and existing plastic parts are redesigned, and (3) upgrades and overhauls which occur as customers decide to improve the performance or extend the life of their machines. Upon a customer’s decision to replace a machine, we can repurchase the existing machine and sell it as a certified pre-owned machine. All of our sales in our Fluids segment are considered to be consumable and, when combined with our APPT and MDCS consumable product lines, consumables accounted for 64% of total fiscal 2017 sales and 68% of our sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. We believe this percentage will increase as we capture more of our customers’ spend on consumable products through our lifecycle sales approach.
Our customers consist of many blue-chip and Fortune 500 companies including OEMs, molders and mold-makers. Our customer base covers a wide range of end market applications including packaging, automotive, medical, construction, consumer goods and electronics. Our sales are geographically diversified, with 47% in North America, 20% in Europe, 14% in China, 11% in India and 8% in the rest of the world for the six months ended June 30, 2018.
Global population growth, coupled with continued urbanization, increased purchasing power and improved lifestyle in emerging markets has resulted in greater demand for a broad range of finished plastic products in many segments of the economy, including automotive, construction and consumer products. We believe that our strong global presence positions us well to capture a portion of this growth. Milacron has made significant investments in China and India in order to capitalize on the projected growth rates of the plastic business in these markets. We plan to continue to expand our manufacturing capabilities while also increasing our technical, marketing and sales efforts. We also continue to strategically reorganize our manufacturing base in order to shift resources to high growth geographic markets.

23



Key Drivers of our Businesses
Milacron’s strategy is focused on growing revenue and operating profits through selective initiatives that leverage our market position, geographic footprint and core competencies. Management expects, in the near term, profitability will be driven by both revenue growth and margin expansion. Management expects that revenue growth will come from underlying market growth in our key segments, geographic expansion of certain product lines, continued penetration of hot runners and incremental share gain from new products. New products are focused on solidifying our current market position, expanding our addressable market and expanding the market through the introduction of technology that displaces other materials, primarily metal and glass. Operating margin expansion is expected to result from active cost reduction initiatives focused on leveraging our geographic footprint that will allow us to consolidate manufacturing capacity, sales offices and call centers on a regional basis, and shift certain back-office functions from a decentralized local structure to a low-cost country global shared service center model.
Cost Reduction Initiatives
Milacron’s organizational redesign and cost reduction initiatives are in the process of being implemented and are expected to yield approximately $35 million of annual run-rate cost savings by the end of 2018. In fiscal 2017, Milacron incurred approximately $59 million of one-time costs related to these projects and during the six months ended June 30, 2018, approximately $19 million of costs were incurred related to these projects.
See the information relating to implementation of strategic initiatives discussed in Item 1A. Risk Factors included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as filed with the SEC on February 28, 2018.
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
The key factors affecting our APPT segment results include demand for plastic processing machinery, raw material inputs and cost structure.
Demand. Increased demand in the plastic processing machinery industry is expected to be driven by the overall expected rise in plastic processing, increasing equipment age and continuing advances in technology, such as the shift to higher-end equipment as plastic processors seek to reduce their operating costs and produce higher quality products. With 62% of APPT sales for the six months ended June 30, 2018 occurring in North America, demand is also impacted by customers bringing manufacturing operations back to North America.
Raw Material Inputs. Steel, which we source both directly and indirectly through our component suppliers, is the primary material used in our products. We do not enter into derivative financial instruments to hedge our commodity price risk and currently do not have a significant number of long-term supply contracts with key suppliers. In order to secure our supply needs, we have developed a global network of reliable, low-cost suppliers.
Cost Structure. Our APPT segment is focused on optimizing our global manufacturing and back-office infrastructure to maximize operating efficiencies and minimize fixed cost structure.
Melt Delivery and Control Systems
The key factors affecting our MDCS segment results include demand for hot runner systems and hot halves, mold bases, components, raw material inputs and cost structure.
Demand. Consistent with historical periods, according to a August 2017 Interconnection Consulting report, the hot runner market is expected to grow faster than the overall global economy based on macro-economic drivers involving product life cycles, demographics, technology conversion and greater use of plastic. Demand within the hot runner market is driven more by the frequency of product design changes and model refreshes than by end product volume, because hot runner systems are typically custom ordered for each new product mold, representing a critical factor in the market’s resiliency during economic cycles.
Raw Material Inputs. Steel is the primary raw material input for our MDCS segment. Although long-term contracts with steel suppliers are not typical, our business has purchase order commitments for a portion of our annual spend of higher-volume grades of steel. These purchase orders extend an average of three to six months, with prices negotiated annually. This allows us to forecast our costs in the MDCS segment and, given the short lead time between the initial request for a quotation and the finalized design, we have historically been able to pass along price changes, accordingly.
Cost Structure. Our MDCS segment is focused on controlling its cost structure by increasing best-cost country sourcing in addition to establishing comprehensive operations in India for applications engineering and the consolidation of several back-office support functions within our shared services center.

24



Fluid Technologies
The key factors affecting our Fluids segment results include demand for metalworking fluids and raw material inputs.
Demand. Demand for industrial fluids is closely tied to demand for metal products, which are produced on metalworking machinery through cutting, stamping and other processes. As industrial production and demand for metalworking machinery grows, manufacturers will require increased amounts of high-quality coolants, lubricants and cleaners to maximize productivity and extend the life of equipment and tooling. Market trends indicate higher technology fluids demand due to environmental and health concerns and as more exotic metals become more prevalent.
Raw Material Inputs. Many of the raw materials in our industrial fluids are derivatives of petroleum or natural gas. As a result, fluctuations in commodity-based pricing may impact the cost of these materials. We manage the impact of raw material cost increases through sales pricing adjustments, but we may be impacted by a delay in implementing these adjustments throughout our distribution network. In addition, due to the specialty nature of our products, some of our raw materials have few sources, and we may be impacted by disruptions to supply. Where possible, we seek alternative sources and, in some situations, we are able to reformulate product with alternative materials without impacting performance, environmental, or health and safety features.
New Orders and Backlog
New orders represent the value of incoming purchase orders received for a period of time that may or may not have been shipped during the period. New orders in the second quarter of 2018 were $342.3 million, an increase of $7.4 million, or 2.2%, compared to $334.9 million in the second quarter of 2017. Excluding $6.4 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, new orders increased 0.3% compared to the prior year period. Growth in new orders was driven by an increase in our equipment business in India, partially offset by declines in our equipment businesses in Europe and North America as well as a decline in our hot runner business in North America.
New orders in the first six months of 2018 were $667.4 million, an increase of $6.1 million, or 0.9%, compared to $661.3 million in the first six months of 2017. Excluding $21.6 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, new orders decreased 2.3% compared to the prior year period. New orders were primarily impacted by a decline in our equipment business in Europe and North America and our hot runner business in North America, partially offset by growth in our Indian equipment business.
Backlog represents the value of unfilled orders as of the applicable date. These unfilled orders are supported by a valid purchase order and price, terms and credit have been approved by us. Our backlog of unfilled orders at June 30, 2018 was $304.2 million, an increase of $17.2 million from December 31, 2017 and an increase of $4.9 million from June 30, 2017. Excluding $7.3 million of unfavorable effects of foreign currency movements, backlog increased 8.5% compared to December 31, 2017. The increase in our backlog at June 30, 2018 compared to December 31, 2017 is predominantly driven by our North American equipment business. Excluding $3.3 million of unfavorable effects of foreign currency movements, backlog increased 2.7% compared to June 30, 2017. All of our backlog is expected to be filled within the next twelve months and there are no seasonal or other aspects of the backlog that would impact filling the orders.
Backlog of confirmed orders for equipment within the APPT business is tracked on a monthly basis. Lead times can vary significantly depending on the type and size of machine. Backlog within our MDCS businesses is relatively stable, as mold bases and hot runner systems have a short lead time from receipt of order to shipment with a global average of six to eight weeks; whereas spare parts sales of standard products are typically in stock and shipped with very little lead time. We do not track backlog in our Fluids segment as most orders are filled with minimal lead time.
Executive Overview
For the second quarter of 2018, we reported sales of $328.1 million, operating earnings of $35.2 million and net earnings of $14.9 million. This compares to sales of $309.2 million, operating earnings of $28.9 million and net earnings of $10.1 million for the second quarter of 2017. Excluding $7.6 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 3.7% compared to the prior year period. We generated $62.8 million in adjusted earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("Adjusted EBITDA"), or 19.1% of sales, during the second quarter of 2018 compared to $59.6 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 19.3% of sales, during the second quarter of 2017.
For the first six months of 2018, we reported sales of $638.5 million, operating earnings of $58.3 million and net earnings of $20.8 million. This compares to sales of $594.6 million, operating earnings of $48.9 million and a net loss of $14.5 million for the first six months of 2017. Excluding $23.1 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 3.5% compared to the prior year period. We generated $118.2 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 18.5% of sales, during the first six months of 2018 compared to $109.6 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 18.4% of sales, during the first six months of 2017.

25



Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
Our APPT segment generated $170.4 million in sales, operating earnings of $10.6 million and $21.4 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 12.6% of sales, before corporate expenses, for the second quarter of 2018 compared to $166.3 million in sales, operating earnings of $5.2 million and $20.0 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 12.0% of sales, before corporate expenses, in the same period of 2017. Excluding $0.5 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 2.2% compared to the prior year period.
For the six months ended June 30, 2018, APPT generated $332.3 million in sales, operating earnings of $13.2 million and $39.4 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 11.9% of sales, before corporate expenses, compared to $322.9 million in sales, operating earnings of $7.6 million and $37.4 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 11.6% of sales, before corporate expenses, in the same period of 2017. Excluding $5.6 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 1.2% compared to the prior year period.
Melt Delivery and Control Systems
Our MDCS segment generated $124.1 million in sales, operating earnings of $30.3 million and $40.5 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 32.6% of sales, before corporate expenses, for the second quarter of 2018 compared to $112.4 million in sales, operating earnings of $30.1 million and $40.1 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 35.7% of sales, before corporate expenses, in the same period of 2017. Excluding $5.8 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 5.2% compared to the prior year period.
For the six months ended June 30, 2018, MDCS generated $240.6 million in sales, operating earnings of $57.0 million and $78.7 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 32.7% of sales, before corporate expenses, compared to $212.2 million in sales, operating earnings of $55.6 million and $72.9 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 34.4% of sales, before corporate expenses, in the same period of 2017. Excluding $13.8 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 6.9% compared to the prior year period.
Fluid Technologies
Our Fluids segment generated $33.6 million in sales, operating earnings of $6.4 million and $7.6 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 22.6% of sales, before corporate expenses, for the second quarter of 2018 compared to $30.5 million in sales, operating earnings of $5.5 million and $6.9 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 22.6% of sales, before corporate expenses, in the same period of 2017. Excluding $1.3 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 5.9% compared to the prior year period.
For the six months ended June 30, 2018, Fluids generated $65.6 million in sales, operating earnings of $12.4 million and $14.7 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 22.4% of sales, before corporate expenses, compared to $59.5 million in sales, operating earnings of $10.1 million and $12.8 million in Adjusted EBITDA, or 21.5% of sales, before corporate expenses, in the same period of 2017. Excluding $3.7 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 4.0% compared to the prior year period.
Liquidity
In the first six months of 2018, cash decreased $37.1 million primarily as a result of our voluntary $50.0 million principal payments on the senior secured term loan facility due September 2023 ("2017 Term Loan Facility"). Operating activities generated $22.1 million of cash in the first six months of 2018 compared to using $1.4 million of cash in the same period of 2017. The increase was primarily driven by a reduction in interest payments of approximately $14 million when compared to the first six months of 2017. This reduction in interest payments is attributable to the timing of our interest payments under the 2017 Term Loan Facility as well as a reduction in the weighted-average interest rate of our outstanding debt. Investing activities used $7.4 million of cash in the first six months of 2018 primarily due to capital expenditures partially offset by proceeds received in connection with the sale of certain manufacturing equipment that we simultaneously leased back during the first quarter of 2018. Financing activities used $47.2 million of cash in the first six months of 2018 primarily as a result of our voluntary payment of $50.0 million of principal on the 2017 Term Loan Facility. This use of cash during the first six months of 2018 was partially offset by proceeds generated from the exercise of stock options.
Cash on hand at June 30, 2018 was $150.8 million, and we had approximately $72.7 million available for borrowing under our asset-based and other credit facilities.

26



Results of Operations
Comparison of the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
The following table summarizes the results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Net sales
$
328.1

 
$
309.2

 
$
638.5

 
$
594.6

Cost of sales
215.9

 
205.4

 
422.4

 
397.0

Manufacturing margins
112.2

 
103.8

 
216.1

 
197.6

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
65.2

 
64.2

 
131.3

 
128.5

Amortization expense
6.7

 
7.1

 
13.5

 
14.1

Loss (gain) on currency translation
2.4

 
(2.8
)
 
2.6

 
(4.1
)
Other expense, net
2.7

 
6.4

 
10.4

 
10.2

Total operating expenses
77.0

 
74.9

 
157.8

 
148.7

Operating earnings
35.2

 
28.9

 
58.3

 
48.9

Interest expense, net
11.3

 
10.4

 
22.0

 
22.8

Loss on debt extinguishment
0.4

 

 
0.7

 
25.2

Other non-operating expenses
0.2

 
0.3

 
0.5

 
0.6

Earnings before income taxes
23.3

 
18.2

 
35.1

 
0.3

Income tax expense
8.4

 
8.1

 
14.3

 
14.8

Net earnings (loss)
$
14.9

 
$
10.1

 
$
20.8

 
$
(14.5
)
We may refer to net sales or other historical financial information on a “constant currency basis,” which is a non-GAAP financial measure. These references to constant currency basis do not include operational impacts that could result from fluctuations in foreign currency rates. To provide information on a constant currency basis, the applicable financial results are adjusted based on a simple mathematical model that translates current period results in local currency using the comparable prior year period’s currency conversion rate. This approach is used for countries where the functional currency is the local country currency. This information is provided so that certain financial results can be viewed without the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency rates, thereby facilitating period-to-period comparisons of business performance. Constant currency information is not recognized under United States generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP"), and should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, results reported in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
Net Sales
Sales for the three months ended June 30, 2018 were $328.1 million compared to $309.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $18.9 million, or 6.1%. Excluding $7.6 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 3.7%, on a constant currency basis, compared to the prior year period. Sales benefited from growth in the hot runner businesses in Europe and China, the Indian equipment business and the global Fluids business, partially offset by declines in the equipment business in North America and Europe. End market growth was driven by increases in the packaging, electronics, medical and custom molders end markets, partially offset by declines in the automotive and consumer goods end markets.
For the six months ended June 30, 2018, sales were $638.5 million compared to $594.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $43.9 million, or 7.4%. Excluding $23.1 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 3.5%, on a constant currency basis, compared to the prior year period. Sales benefited from growth in the hot runner businesses in Europe and China, the Indian equipment business and the global Fluids business, partially offset by declines in the equipment business in North America and Europe. End market growth was driven by increases in the packaging, electronics and medical end markets, partially offset by declines in the automotive, consumer goods and industrial end markets.

27



The following table sets forth our sales by segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions)
Sales by segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
$
170.4

 
$
166.3

 
$
332.3

 
$
322.9

Melt Delivery and Control Systems
124.1

 
112.4

 
240.6

 
212.2

Fluid Technologies
33.6

 
30.5

 
65.6

 
59.5

Total sales
$
328.1

 
$
309.2

 
$
638.5

 
$
594.6

Advanced Plastic Processing Technologies
Sales for the APPT segment for the three months ended June 30, 2018 were $170.4 million compared to $166.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $4.1 million, or 2.5%. Excluding $0.5 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 2.2% on a constant currency basis, compared to the prior year period. Regionally, sales benefited from growth in India and China, partially offset by a decline in North America and Europe. End market growth was primarily driven by increases in the packaging, electronics, medical and custom molders end markets, partially offset by declines in the automotive, consumer goods and industrial end markets.
Sales for the APPT segment for the six months ended June 30, 2018 were $332.3 million compared to $322.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $9.4 million, or 2.9%. Excluding $5.6 million of favorable effects of foreign currency movements, sales increased 1.2%, on a constant currency basis, compared to the prior year period. Regionally, sales benefited from growth in India and China, partially offset by a decline in North America and Europe. End market growth was primarily driven by increases in the packaging, electronics, medical and custom molders end markets, partially offset by declines in the automotive, consumer goods and