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EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATIONS BY CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER - IEH CORPORATIONe1044ex32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF ACCOUNTING OFFICER - IEH CORPORATIONe1044ex31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER - IEH CORPORATIONe1044ex31-1.htm
EX-10.5 - AMENDED AND RESTATED AGREEMENT - IEH CORPORATIONe1044ex10-5.htm

 

U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED MARCH 30, 2018.
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the transition period from ______ to _____.

 

Commission File Number   0-5278

IEH CORPORATION

(Name of Small Business Issuer in Its Charter)

 

NEW YORK   13-5549348
(State or Other Jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
In Company)    
     

140 58th Street, Suite 8E

   
Brooklyn, NY 11220   (718) 492-4440
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Issuer’s Telephone Number,
    Including Area Code)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act: NONE

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act: Common Stock, $.01 Par Value Per Share

 

Indicate by check mark if Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x

 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act. Yes o No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Date File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files). o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (ss.229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (check one):

1 

 

 

Large accelerated filer   o Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer     o Smaller reporting company  x   
(do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the Registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter (September 29, 2017): $9,049,445.73.

 

 

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: On July 11, 2018, the Registrant had 2,323,468 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

List hereunder the following documents if incorporated by reference and the Part of the Form 10-K (e.g., Part I, Part II, etc.) into which the document is incorporated: (1) Any annual report to security holders; (2) Any proxy or information statement; and (3) Any prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) or (e) under the Securities Act of 1933 (“Securities Act”).

 

None

 

 

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IEH CORPORATION

INDEX TO FORM 10-K

FOR THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 30, 2018

 

    Page 
     
PART I   5
     
ITEM 1. BUSINESS 5
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 9
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 9
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES 9
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 10
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE 10
     
PART II   10
     
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 10
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 11
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 11
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 21
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 21
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 21
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 22
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION 24
     
PART III   25
     
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 25
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 27
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 32
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 34
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES 34
     
PART IV   35
     
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 35
     
SIGNATURES   57

 

 

References in this Annual Report to, the terms “Company”, “IEH”, “we”, “us” and “our” refer to IEH Corporation, unless otherwise stated or the context clearly indicates otherwise.

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

 

 

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and Section 27A of the Securities Act. Any statements contained in this report that are not statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements. When we use the words “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” “believes,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “will” and similar expressions, we are identifying forward-looking statements. All statements that express expectations, estimates, forecasts or projections are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, respectively. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future financial events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements.  These factors include our limited experience with our business plan; pricing pressures on our product caused by competition; the risk that our products will not gain market acceptance; our ability to obtain additional financing; our ability to protect intellectual property; and our ability to attract and retain key employees. No forward-looking statement is a guarantee of future performance and you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Our actual results may differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements, as they will depend on many factors about which we are unsure, including many factors beyond our control.

 

Except as may be required by applicable law, we do not undertake or intend to update or revise our forward-looking statements, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this report as a result of new information or future events or developments. Thus, you should not assume that our silence over time means that actual events are bearing out as expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. You should carefully review and consider the various disclosures we make in this report and our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) that attempt to advise interested parties of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that may affect our business.

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

IEH Corporation (hereinafter referred to as the “Company”) was organized under the laws of the State of New York on March 22, 1943 under the name Industrial Heat Treating Company, Inc. On March 15, 1989, the Company changed its name to its current name. The Company’s executive offices and manufacturing facilities are located at 140 58th Street, Suite 8E, Brooklyn, New York 11220. The Company’s telephone number is (718) 492-4440; Fax: 718-492-9898; its email address is ieh@iehcorp.com.

 

The majority of our customers require that we maintain a quality system in strict accordance with ISO 9001. This is an International Standard Organization (ISO) specification and we have been recently audited and have received certification to ISO 9001:2015. Our quality policy is: “Listening to our Customers and Meeting their Needs, while Continuously Improving our Processes and Services.”

 

The Company has developed a web site that reflects the standard catalog items produced along with custom offerings. New product lines currently under development will be added later this year. You can view it by going to: http://www.iehcorp.com.

 

The Company designs, develops and manufactures printed circuit board connectors and custom interconnects for high performance applications. All of our connectors utilize the HYPERBOLOID contact design, a rugged, high-reliability contact system ideally suited for high-stress environments. We are the only independent producer of HYPERBOLOID printed circuit board connectors in the United States.

 

Our customers consist of OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers) and distributors who resell our products to OEMs. We sell our products directly and through 25 independent sales representatives and distributors located in all regions of the United States, Canada, the European Union, Southeast Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East.

 

The customers we service are in the Military, Aerospace, Space, Medical, Oil and Gas, Industrial, Test Equipment and Commercial Electronics markets. We appear on the Military Qualified Product Listing “QPL” to MIL-DTL-55302 and supply customer requested modifications to this specification. Sales to the commercial aerospace and military markets were 35% and 45%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales for the year ended March 30, 2018. Our offering of “QPL” items has recently been expanded to include additional products.

 

In order to remain competitive, the Company has an internal program to upgrade, add and maintain machinery, review material costs and increase labor force productivity. We recently purchased several machines to increase the productivity of certain processes. This will help us meet this goal.

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART I

 

Item 1.        Business (continued)

 

Business New Product Development

 

The Company is sought after by many of its customers to design and manufacture custom connectors. This has created many new products that are innovative designs and employ new technologies. The Company continues to be successful because of its ability to assist its customers and create new designs, including engineering drawing packages, in a relatively short period of time. We will continue to support our customers to the best of our ability.

 

A recent product line featuring high-speed connectors has been added to the Company’s product offering. The Company is beginning to recognize meaningful revenue from this product line and we expect it to grow in the coming years.

 

The standard printed circuit board connectors we produce are continually being expanded and utilized in many of the military programs being built today. We have recently received approval for additional products that we can offer under the Military Qualified Product Listing “QPL.”

 

Commitments

 

The Company has a collective bargaining multi-employer pension plan (“Multi-Employer Plan”) with the United Auto Workers of America, Local 259 (the “Union”). Contributions are made in accordance with a negotiated labor contract and are based on the number of covered employees employed per month. With the passage of the Multi-Employer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1990 (the “1990 Act”), the Company may become subject to liabilities in excess of contributions made under the collective bargaining agreement. Generally, these liabilities are contingent upon the termination, withdrawal, or partial withdrawal from the Multi-Employer Plan. The Company has not taken any action to terminate, withdraw or partially withdraw from the Multi-Employer Plan nor does it intend to do so in the future. Under the 1990 Act, liabilities would be based upon the Company’s proportional share of the Multi-Employer Plan’s unfunded vested benefits, which is currently not available. The amount of accumulated benefits and net assets of such Plan also is not currently available to the Company. The total contributions charged to operations under such Plan were $151,314 for the year ended March 30, 2018 and $134,843 for the year ended March 31, 2017.

 

Marketing and Sales

 

The market for connectors and interconnect devices, domestic and worldwide, is highly fragmented as a result of the manufacture by many companies of a multitude of different types and varieties of connectors and interconnects. For example, connectors include: printed wiring board, rectangular I/O, circular, planar (IOC) RF coaxial, IC socket and fiber optic. The Company has been servicing a niche in the market by manufacturing connectors containing HYPERBOLOID contact designs in the printed wiring board style of connectors.

 

The Company is continuously experimenting with innovative connection designs, which may cause it to alter its marketing plans in the future if a market should develop for any of its current or future innovative designs. The Company is continually reviewing product lines being sold in the connector and interconnect marketplace. We are committed to expanding our product offering and we consider that many of our current or future custom designs will become product lines.

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART I

 

Item 1.Business (continued)

 

Marketing and Sales (continued)

 

The Company’s products are marketed to OEM’s (original equipment manufacturers) directly and through authorized representatives and distributors serving primarily the Military, Aerospace, Medical, Space, Industrial, Test Equipment and Commercial Electronics markets. The Company is also involved in developing new connectors for specific uses, which result from changes in technology. The Company assists customers in the development and design of connectors for specific customer applications. This service is marketed to customers who require the development of connectors and interconnection devices specially designed to accommodate the customers’ own products.

 

The Company is primarily a manufacturer and its products are essentially basic components of larger assemblies of finished goods. Approximately 90% of the Company’s net sales for the years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, respectively, were made directly to manufacturers of finished products with the balance of the Company’s products sold to distributors. Distributors often purchase connectors for customers who do not require large quantities of connectors over a short period of time but rather require small allotments of connectors over an extended period of time.

 

In the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018 four customers of the Company accounted for $7,639,000 constituting approximately 32.5% of the Company’s net sales. One of those customers individually accounted for over 10% of the Company’s net sales. In the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, five customers of the Company accounted for $6,946,000 constituting approximately 34.5% of the Company’s net sales. Two of those customers accounted for 16% of the Company’s net sales.

 

The Company currently employs 25 independent sales representatives to market its products in all regions in the United States as well as in Canada, the European Union (EU), Southeast Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. These independent sales representatives also promote the product lines of other electronics manufacturers; however, they do not promote the product lines of manufacturers which compete directly with the Company’s products. These sales representatives accounted for approximately 95% of Company net sales for the year ended March 30, 2018 (with the balance of Company net sales being generated via direct customer contact).

 

International sales accounted for approximately 20% of net sales for the year ended March 30, 2018 and 12% for the year ended March 31, 2017, respectively.

 

Backlog of Orders/Capital Requirements

 

The backlog of orders for the Company’s products amounted to approximately $15,658,000 at March 30, 2018 as compared to $9,100,000 at March 31, 2017. A portion of these orders are subject to cancellation or

postponement of delivery dates and, therefore, no assurance can be given that actual sales will result from these orders. The Company does not foresee any problems which would prevent it from fulfilling its orders.

 

Competition

 

The design, development, manufacture and distribution of electrical connectors and interconnection devices is a highly competitive field. The Company principally competes with companies who produce high performance connectors in printed circuits and wireboards for high technology application. The Company competes by adapting certain technologies to meet specific product applications, producing connectors cost-effectively, and through its production capabilities. In addition, there are many companies who offer connectors with designs similar to those utilized by the Company and are direct competitors of the Company.

 

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART I

 

Item 1.        Business (continued)

 

Competition (continued)

 

The primary basis upon which the Company competes is product performance and production capabilities. The Company usually receives job orders after submitting bids pursuant to customer-issued specifications for connectors and interconnects. The Company’s bid can be for a new item that requires the item to perform under harsh environment requirements or it can be for a standard catalog item. The Company also offers engineering services to its customers in designing and developing connectors for specialized products and specific customer applications. This enables the Company to receive a competitive advantage over those companies who basically manufacture connectors based solely or primarily on cataloged specifications.

 

Many of the Company’s competitors have greater financial resources than the Company and no assurances can be given that the Company will be able to compete effectively with these companies in the future.

 

Suppliers of Raw Materials and Component Parts

 

The Company utilizes a variety of raw materials and manufactured component parts, which it purchases from various suppliers. These materials and components are available from numerous sources and the Company does not believe that it will have a problem obtaining such materials and parts in the future.

 

However, any delay in the Company’s ability to obtain necessary raw materials and component parts may affect its ability to meet customer production needs. In anticipation of such delays, the Company carries an inventory of raw materials and component parts to avoid shortages and to insure continued production.

 

Employees

 

The Company presently employs approximately 168 people, two (2) of whom are executive officers; five (5) are engaged in management activities; eight (8) provide general and administrative services; and approximately 153 are employed in manufacturing and testing activities. Most of the employees engaged in manufacturing and testing activities are covered by a collective bargaining agreement with the Union, which will expire on March 31, 2021. The Company believes that it has a good relationship with its employees and the Union.

 

Governmental Regulations

 

The Company is subject to federal regulations under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (“OSHA”) and the Defense Supply Command Columbus (“DSCC”).

 

OSHA provides federal guidelines and specifications to companies in order to insure the health and safety of employees. DSCC oversees the quality and specifications of products and components manufactured and sold to the government and the defense industry. DSCC’s primary customer is the U.S. military. Many of our products

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART I

 

Item 1.        Business (continued)

 

Governmental Regulations (continued)

 

appear on the DSCC Qualified Products Listing (“QPL”). To remain qualified, the Company submits its products to an outside testing laboratory which performs all required testing. After review by the Company of the testing results the data is then submitted to the DSCC. The Company and its products are only approved and remain on the QPL if the Company has passed all testing requirements. Although DSCC continuously requires products to an outside testing laboratory which performs all required testing. After review by the Company of the testing results the data is then submitted to the DSCC. The Company and its products are only approved and remain on the QPL if the Company has passed all testing requirements. Although DSCC continuously requires suppliers to meet changing specifications, the Company has not encountered any significant problems meeting such specifications and its products have, in the past, been approved. The Company is unaware of any changes in the Government’s regulations which are expected to materially affect the Company’s business.

 

Item 1A.Risk Factors

 

We are a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Regulation S-K and as such, are not required to provide the information contained in this item pursuant to Regulation S-K.

 

Item 1B.Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2.Properties

 

The Company’s lease term for its manufacturing facility located at 140 58th Street, Suite 8E, Brooklyn, New York runs from December 1, 2010 through November 30, 2020. The basic minimum annual rentals remaining are as follows:

 

Fiscal year ending March:    
2019  $183,720 
2020   189,200 
Thereafter   128,640 
   $501,560 

 

 

The Company leases approximately 20,400 square feet of space, of which it estimates 6,000 square feet are used as executive, sales and administrative offices and 14,400 square feet are used for its manufacturing, testing and plating operations.

 

The rental expense for the years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017 was $178,360 and $173,180, respectively. In addition to the base rent, the Company pays insurance premiums and utility charges relating to the use of the premises. The Company considers its present facilities to be adequate for its present and anticipated future needs.

 

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART 1

 

Item 3.Legal Proceedings

 

The Company is not a party to or aware of any pending or threatened legal proceedings which, in the opinion of the Company’s management, would result in any material adverse effect on its results of operations or its financial condition.

 

Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosure

 

Not applicable

 

PART II

 

Item 5.Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

 

Principal Market

 

On March 17, 2017, the Company’s shares of common stock (the “common stock”) commenced trading exclusively on the OTCQB Marketplace. The shares are quoted on the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation (“NASDAQ”) System under the ticker symbol “IEHC”. Investors are able to view real-time quotes at http://www.otcmarkets.com.

 

Prior to March 17, 2017, the common stock of the Company was traded in the Over-The-Counter Market Electronic Bulletin Board (OTCBB).

 

Market Information

 

The range of high and low bid prices for the Company’s common stock, for the periods indicated as set forth below as quoted over the OTCBB prior to March 17, 2017, and commencing on March 17, 2017 quoted on the OTCQB. Set forth below is a table indicating the high and low bid prices of the common stock during the periods indicated.

 

 

 

Year  High Bid   Low Bid 
Fiscal Year ended March 30, 2018        
         
1st Quarter  $6.80   $6.12 
2nd Quarter  $6.78   $6.36 
3rd Quarter  $8.89   $6.57 
4th Quarter  $8.87   $8.11 
           
Fiscal Year ended March 31, 2017          
           
1st Quarter  $6.48   $6.00 
2nd Quarter  $6.79   $5.25 
3rd Quarter  $6.49   $5.40 
4th Quarter  $6.60   $6.00 
           

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 5.Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters (continued)

 

Market Information (continued)

 

 

On July 11, 2018 (the last day prior to the filing of this report on which trading in the common stock occurred, the high bid for the common stock was $10.90 and the low bid was $10.90.

 

Dividends

 

On May 17, 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company authorized a $0.25 one-time special cash dividend payable on June 19, 2017 to shareholders of record on the close of business of June 6, 2017. This dividend was the first dividend ever paid by the Company since it became an SEC reporting company.

 

Approximate Number of Equity Security Holders

 

The number of record holders of the Company’s common stock as of June 10, 2018 was approximately 331. Such number of record owners was determined from the Company’s shareholder records, and does not include the beneficial owners of the Company’s common stock whose shares are held in the names of various security holders, dealers and clearing agencies.

 

Transfer Agent

 

The transfer agent for our common stock is Computershare located in Canton, Massachusetts.

 

Item 6.Selected Financial Data

 

We are a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Regulation S-K and as such, are not required to provide the information contained in this item pursuant to Regulation S-K.

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Statements contained in this report, which are not historical facts, may be considered forward-looking information with respect to plans, projections, or future performance of the Company as defined under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. The words “anticipate,” “believe”, “estimate”, “expect,” “objective,” and “think” or similar expressions used herein are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements are based on the Company’s current views and assumptions and involve risks and uncertainties that include, among other things, the effects of the Company’s business, actions of competitors, changes in laws and regulations, including accounting standards, employee relations, customer demand, prices of purchased raw material and parts, domestic economic conditions, including housing starts and changes in consumer disposable income, and foreign economic conditions, including currency rate fluctuations. Some or all of the facts are beyond the Company’s control.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and related footnotes included elsewhere in this report, which provide additional information concerning the Company’s financial activities and condition.

 

The Company designs, develops and manufactures printed circuit board connectors and custom interconnects for high performance applications.

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Overview

 

All of our connectors utilize the HYPERBOLOID contact design, a rugged, high-reliability contact system ideally suited for high-stress environments. We are the only independent producer of HYPERBOLOID printed circuit board connectors in the United States.

 

Our customers consist of OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers) and distributors who resell our products to OEMs. We sell our products directly and through 25 independent sales representatives and distributors located in all region of the United States, Canada, the European Union, Southeast Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East.

 

The customers we service are in the Military, Aerospace, Space, Medical, Oil and Gas, Industrial, Test Equipment and Commercial Electronics markets. We appear on the Military Qualified Product Listing “QPL” to MIL-DTL-55302 and supply customer requested modifications to this specification. Sales to the commercial aerospace and military markets were 35% and 45%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales for the year ended March 30, 2018. Our offering of “QPL” items has recently been expanded to include additional products.

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, which require the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and revenues and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company believes the following are the critical accounting policies, which could have the most significant effect on the Company's reported results and require the most difficult, subjective or complex judgments by management.

 

·Impairment of Long-Lived Assets:

The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If the sum of the expected cash flows, undiscounted and without interest, is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is recognized as the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its fair value. The Company makes estimates of its future cash flows related to assets subject to impairment review.

 

·Inventory Valuation:

Raw materials and supplies are valued at the lower of average cost or market. Finished goods and work in process are valued at the lower of actual cost, determined on a specific identification basis, or market. The Company estimates which materials may be obsolete and which products in work in process or finished goods may be sold at less than cost, and adjusts their inventory value accordingly. Future periods could include either income or expense items if estimates change and for differences between the estimated and actual amount realized from the sale of inventory.

 

·Income Taxes:

The Company records a liability for potential tax assessments based on its estimate of the potential exposure. Due to the subjectivity and complex nature of the underlying issues, actual payments or assessments may differ from estimates. Income tax expense in future periods could be adjusted for the difference between actual payments and the Company's recorded liability based on its assessments and estimates.

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Critical Accounting Policies (continued)

 

·Revenue Recognition:

 

Sales are recognized when revenue is realized or realizable and has been earned. Revenue transactions represent sales of inventory. The Company has historically adopted shipping terms that title to merchandise passes to the customer at the shipping point (FOB Shipping Point).

 

Revenue is realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met:

·Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists.
·Shipment has occurred.
·The Company’s selling price for its products are fixed and determinable.
·Collectability is reasonable assured.

 

The Company does not offer any discounts, credits or other sales incentives. Historically, the Company believes that it has no collection issues with its customer base.

 

The Company’s policy with respect to customer returns and allowances as well as product warranty is as follows:

 

The Company will accept a return of defective product within one year from shipment for repair or replacement at the Company’s option. If the product is repairable, the Company at its own cost, will repair and return it to the customer. If unrepairable, the Company will either offer an allowance against payment or will reimburse the customer for the total cost of product. The cost of defective products is immaterial at this time.

 

The Company provides engineering services as part of the relationship with its customers in developing the custom product. The Company is not obligated to provide such engineering service to its customers. The Company does not invoice its customers separately for these services.

 

 

 

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IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Results of Operations

 

Year End Results: March 30, 2018 vs. March 31, 2017

 

The following table sets forth for the periods indicated, percentages for certain items reflected in the financial data as such items bear to the revenues of the Company:

 

Relationship to Total Revenues

 

   March 30,
2018
   March 31,
2017
 
         
Operating revenues (in thousands)  $23,473   $20,128 
           
Operating expenses:          
  (as a percentage of operating revenues)          
           
           Costs of products sold   62.8%    65.1% 
            Selling, general and administrative   17.1%    18.7% 
            Interest expense   .2%    .3% 
            Depreciation and amortization   1.4%    2.2% 
           
                   TOTAL COSTS AND EXPENSES   81.5%    86.3% 
           
Operating income   18.5%    13.7% 
           
Other income   0%    0% 
           
Income before income taxes   18.5%    13.7% 
           
Income taxes   (7.6%)   (6.5%)
           
Net income   10.9%    7.2% 
           

 

Net sales for the year ended March 30, 2018 amounted to $23,472,694 reflecting a $3,344,653 increase versus the year ended March 31, 2017 which amounted to $20,128,041. The increase in net sales is a direct result of the Company’s efforts in increasing sales in both the commercial and international sectors.

 

The Company is primarily a manufacturer and its products are essentially basic components of larger assemblies of finished goods. Approximately 90% of the Company’s net sales for the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, respectively, were made directly to manufacturers of finished products with the balance of the Company’s products sold to distributors.

 

Distributors often purchase connectors for customers who do not require large quantities of connectors over a short period of time but rather require small allotments of connectors over an extended period of time.

 

14 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Results of Operations (continued)

 

Year End Results: March 30, 2018 vs. March 31, 2017 (continued)

 

During the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, four customers accounted for $7,639,000 constituting 32.5% of the Company’s net sales. One of those customers individually accounted for over 10% of the Company’s net sales.

 

During the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, five customers accounted for $6,946,000 constituting 34.5% of the Company’s net sales. None of those customers accounted for 10% of the Company’s net sales.

 

The Company currently employs 25 independent sales representatives to market its products in all regions in the United States as well as in Canada, the European Union (EU), Southeast Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. These sales representatives accounted for approximately 95% of the Company’s net sales for the year ended March 30, 2018, with the balance of net sales being generated by direct customer contact.

 

For the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, the Company’s principal customers included manufacturers of commercial electronic products, military defense contractors and distributors who service these markets. Sales to the commercial electronic and government markets comprised 80% of the Company’s net sales for the year ended March 30, 2018 and 88% for the year ended March 31, 2017, respectively. Approximately 20% of net sales were made to international customers for the year ended March 30, 2018 and 12% for the year ended March 31, 2017, respectively.

 

Cost of products sold amounted to $14,734,561 for the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, or 62.8% of operating revenues. This reflected a $1,637,606 or 12.5% increase in the cost of products sold of $13,096,955 or 65.1% of operating revenues for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017. This increase in cost of products sold is due primarily to the increased cost of production associated with the increase necessary to support the increase in sales.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses were $4,006,950 and $3,754,803 or 17.1% and 18.7% of net sales for the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, respectively. This category of expenses increased by $252,147 or 6.7% from the prior year. The increase can be attributed to an increase in travel and sales commissions and the recognition of additional stock option compensation expense.

 

For the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, interest expense was $48,178 or .2% of net sales. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, interest expense was $53,094 or .3% of net sales. The decrease of $4,916 or 9.3% reflects the decreased borrowings from the Factor during the year.

 

Depreciation and amortization of $330,037 or 1.4% of net sales was reported for the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018 as compared to $443,432 or 2.2% of net sales for the prior period.

 

The Company reported net income of $2,565,559 for the year ended March 30, 2018 representing basic earnings of $1.11 per share as compared to net income of $1,473,976 or $.64 per share for the year ended March 31, 2017. The increase in net income for the current year can be attributed primarily to the reported increase in production and sales.

 

15 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Results of Operations (continued)

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Company reported working capital of $14,951,572 as of March 30, 2018 compared to working capital of $12,980,943 as of March 31, 2017. The increase in working capital of $1,970,629 was attributable to the following items:

 

Net income  $2,565,559 
Depreciation and amortization   330,037 
Capital expenditures   (377,042)
Cash dividend payments   (575,867)
Other   27,942 
   $1,970,629 

 

As a result of the above, the current ratio (current assets to current liabilities) was 7.56 to 1 at March 30, 2018 as compared to 9.52 to 1 at March 31, 2017. Current liabilities at March 30, 2018 were $2,280,760 as compared to $1,522,944 at March 31, 2017.

 

The Company reported $377,042 in capital expenditures for the year ended March 30, 2018 and recorded depreciation expense of $330,047 for the year ended March 30, 2018.

 

Total stockholders’ equity increased by $2,017,672 which represented the reported net income for the year ended March 30, 2018 of $2,565,559 reduced by the dividend paid of $575,867 and the increase of Capital in excess of par value for the additional stock option compensation expense of $27,980. Accordingly, the Company reported a total stockholders’ equity of $17,072,216 as of March 30, 2018 as compared to total stockholders’ equity as of March 31, 2017 of $15,054,544.

 

The Company has an accounts receivable financing agreement with a non-bank lending institution (“Factor”) whereby it can borrow up to 80 percent of its eligible receivables (as defined in such financing agreement) at an interest rate of 2 ½% above JP Morgan Chase’s publicly announced rate with a minimum interest rate of 6% per annum.

 

The financing agreement has an initial term of one year and will automatically renew for successive one-year terms, unless terminated by the Company or its lender upon receiving 60 days’ prior notice. Funds advanced by the Factor are secured by the Company’s accounts receivable and inventories. As of March 30, 2018, the Company had reported excess payments to the Factor of $154,960 as compared to March 31, 2017 when the Company had reported excess payments to the Factor of $191,430. These excess payments are reported in the accompanying financial statements as “Excess payments to accounts receivable factor.”

 

In the past two fiscal years, management has been reviewing its collection practices and policies for outstanding receivables and has revised its collection procedures to a more aggressive collection policy. As a consequence of this new policy the Company’s experience is that its customers have been remitting payments on a more consistent and timely basis. The Company reviews the collectability of all accounts receivable on a monthly basis. The reserve is less than 2% of average gross accounts receivable and is considered to be conservatively adequate.

 

The Company has a collective bargaining multi-employer pension plan (“Multi-Employer Plan”) with the United Auto Workers of America, Local 259. Contributions are made in accordance with a negotiated labor contract and are based on the number of covered employees employed per month.

 

16 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Results of Operations (continued)

 

Year End Results: March 30, 2018 vs. March 31, 2017 (continued)

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources (continued)

 

With the passage of the 1990 Act the Company may become subject to liabilities in excess of contributions made under the collective bargaining agreement. Generally, these liabilities are contingent upon the termination, withdrawal, or partial withdrawal from the Multi-Employer Plan. The Company has not taken any action to terminate, withdraw or partially withdraw from the Multi-Employer Plan nor does it intend to do so in the future. Under the 1990 Act, liabilities would be based upon the Company’s proportional share of such Plan’s unfunded vested benefits, which is currently not available. The amount of accumulated benefits and net assets of such Plan also is not currently available to the Company. The total contributions charged to operations under the Plan were $151,314 for the year ended March 30, 2018 and $134,843 for the year ended March 31, 2017.

 

Stock Option Plan

 

On August 31, 2011, the Company’s shareholders approved the adoption of the Company’s 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (“2011 Plan”) to provide for the grant of stock options and restricted stock awards to purchase up to 750,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to all employees, consultants and other eligible participants including senior management and members of the Board of Directors of the Company. The 2011 Plan replaced the prior 2002 Employee Stock Option Plan which had expired in accordance with its terms.

 

Options granted to employees under the 2011 Plan may be designated as options which qualify for incentive stock option treatment under Section 422A of the Internal Revenue Code, or options which do not qualify (non-qualified stock options).

 

Under the 2011 Plan, the exercise price of an option designated as an incentive stock option shall not be less than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the day the option is granted. In the event an option designated as an incentive stock option is granted to a ten percent (10%) or greater shareholder, such exercise price shall be at least 110 percent (110%) of the fair market value of the Company’s common stock and the option must not be exercisable after the expiration of ten years from the day of the grant. The 2011 Plan also provides that holders of options that wish to pay for the exercise price of their options with shares of the Company’s common stock must have beneficially owned such stock for at least six months prior to the exercise date.

 

Exercise prices of non-incentive stock options may be less than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock. The aggregate fair market value of shares subject to options granted to a participant(s), which are designated as incentive stock options, and which become exercisable in any calendar year, shall not exceed $100,000.

 

On July 1, 2015, our Board of Directors granted 245,000 non-qualified options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2011 Plan, including, without limitation, as follows: (i) Michael Offerman, our then Chief Executive Officer, was granted 75,000 options; (ii) Robert Knoth, our Chief Financial Officer, was granted 50,000 options; (iii) four non-executive officer key employees were granted an aggregate of 110,000 options including David Offerman (then Vice-President of Sales and Marketing) who was granted 50,000 options; and (iv) each of our non-management directors, Allen Gottlieb and Gerald Chafetz, was

granted 5,000 options. The stock options (i) have a ten-year term; (ii) have an exercise price equal to

 

17 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Results of Operations (continued)

 

Year End Results: March 30, 2018 vs. March 31, 2017 (continued)

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources (continued)

 

Stock Option Plan (continued)

 

the fair market value of the Company’s common stock as determined under the 2011 Plan, as reported in the OTCBB, on the date of grant ($6.00), except that the options granted to Michael Offerman had an exercise price equal to 110% of such fair market value ($6.60) because he owned ten percent (10%) or greater of the Company’s outstanding common stock; and (iii) were all immediately vested. In the event of the termination of each recipient’s employment by, or association with, the Company (as applicable), the options will remain exercisable in accordance with the terms of the 2011 Plan.

 

Effective August 15, 2016, the Board of Directors also approved the granting of stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2011 Plan to each of Dr. Marciano and Mr. Hugel as follows: Each of the new non-management directors will receive a grant of options totaling 5,000 shares each subject to the following vesting schedule: (i) 1,000 shares vested immediately (August 15, 2016); (ii) 2,000 shares vested on August 15, 2017; and (iii) 2,000 shares will vest on August 15, 2018. The stock options (i) have a ten-year term; and (ii) have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock as determined under the 2011 Plan, as reported in the OTCBB, on the date of grant ($5.30). In the event of the termination of each recipient’s association with the Company, the options will remain exercisable in accordance with the terms of the 2011 Plan.

 

The table below summarizes the option awards for the named executive officers and non-management directors:

 

Name  Stock Option Grants 
Michael Offerman (1)   75,000 
Robert Knoth   50,000 
David Offerman (2)   50,000 
Allen Gottlieb   5,000 
Gerald Chafetz   5,000 
Sonia Marciano (3)   5,000 
Eric Hugel (3)   5,000 

 

(1)On March 24, 2017, Michael Offerman died suddenly. Options are exercisable for a period of 12 months from the date of death by his personal representatives, heirs and legatees to the same extent Michael Offerman could have exercised such options as if he had not died. After the expiration of the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, the Estate of Michael Offerman exercised all options for such 75,000 shares of common stock. (See Note 13 to the Financial Statements)
(2)On March 26, 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company held a special meeting by telephonic conference call and elected David Offerman to replace Michael Offerman as Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer.
(3)As of July 11, 2018, the recipients had vested options to purchase 3,000 shares of common stock and unvested options to purchase 2,000 shares of common stock.

 

18 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Results of Operations (continued)

 

Year End Results: March 30, 2018 vs. March 31, 2017 (continued)

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources (continued)

 

Stock Option Plan (continued)

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

Stock-based compensation expense, shown in the table below, is recorded in general and administrative expenses included in our statement of operations:

 

      Year ended  Year ended
      March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
   Ref  (in thousands)  (in thousands)
IEH employees     $   $
Non-employee directors        28     
Total stock option expense        (a)   $28   $ 
                
(a):The Company reported additional compensation expense of $27,980 during the year ended March 30, 2018 resulting from stock options granted during the year ended March 31, 2017.

 

Unrecognized stock-based compensation expense

 

      Year ended  Year ended
      March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
   Ref  (in thousands)  (in thousands)
Unrecognized expense for IEH employees     $    $
Unrecognized expense for Non-employee directors        14    42 
Total unrecognized expense      (b)   $14   $42 

 

(b):Unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to prior years’ equity grants of stock options to non-employee directors, that had not vested as of the end of the applicable fiscal year.

 

Note: Stock option grants to IEH officers, directors and key employees in the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017 were valued using a Black-Scholes model, under the following criteria:

 

   March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
Risk free interest rate   2.09%   1.88%
Contractual term      10 years      10 years 
Dividend yield   —      
Expected lives            10 years     10 years 
Expected volatility   64%   56%
Fair value per option  $5.85   $6.00 

 

 

19 

 

The following table shows the activity for the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017.

 

           Weighted Avg.   Remaining    Aggregate
           Exercise   Contractual    Intrinsic Value
       Shares   Price   Term (Years)    (in thousands)
Outstanding at the Beginning of the Year   3/25/2016    245,000   $6.18    9.27    $
            Granted   8/15/2016    10,000   $5.30    10.00   
            Exercised        0               
            Forfeited or Expired        0               
Outstanding at the End of the Year   3/31/2017    255,000   $6.15    8.82    $ 38
            Fully Vested        247,000   $6.05          
            Exercisable at the End of the Year                        
            March 31 2017        247,000               
Outstanding at the Beginning of the Year   3/31/2017    255,000   $6.15    8.82    $ 125
            Granted        0               
            Exercised        0               
            Forfeited or Expired        0               
Outstanding at the End of the Year   3/30/2018    255,000   $6.15    8.07    $ 3,852
            Fully Vested        251,000   $6.02          
            Exercisable at the End of the Year        251,000               

 

The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pretax intrinsic value (i.e., the difference between the Company’s closing stock price on the last trading day of the period and the exercise price, times the number of shares) that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their in-the-money options on those dates. This amount will change based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock.

 

The Company intends to provide additional information regarding the compensation awarded to the named executive officers and non-management directors in respect of and during the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, in the proxy statement for the Company’s 2018 annual meeting of shareholders.

 

Cash Bonus Plan

 

In 1987, the Company adopted the Cash Bonus Plan for non-union, management and administration staff. Contributions to the Cash Bonus Plan are made by the Company only when the company is profitable for the fiscal year, and aim not to exceed 1.5% of gross revenues for the fiscal year. Accordingly, the Company has accrued a contribution provision of $324,000 for the year ended March 30, 2018. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, the contribution was $324,000.

 

Effects of Inflation

 

The Company does not view the effects of inflation to have a material effect upon its business. Increases in costs of raw materials and labor costs have been offset by increases in the price of the Company’s products, as well as reductions in costs of production, reflecting management’s efforts in this area. While the Company has in the past increased its prices to customers, it has maintained its relatively competitive price position.

 

20 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (continued)

 

Results of Operations (continued)

 

Year End Results: March 30, 2018 vs. March 31, 2017 (continued)

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources (continued)

 

Effects of Inflation (continued)

 

However, significant decreases in government and military subcontractor spending have provided excess production capacity in the industry, which in turn has tightened pricing margins.

 

The Company does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements within the meaning of Item 303 of Regulation S-B.

 

Item 7A.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

 

We are a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Regulation S-K and as such, are not required to provide the information contained in this item pursuant to Regulation S-K.

 

We do not believe that any of our financial instruments have significant risk associated with market sensitivity. For more information on these investments see Note 2 to our financial statements included in this Form 10-Q.

 

We are not exposed to significant financial market risks from changes in foreign currency exchange rates and are only minimally impacted by changes in interest rates. We have not used, and currently do not contemplate using, any derivative financial instruments.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

At any time, fluctuations in interest rates could affect interest earnings on our cash and marketable securities. We believe that the effect, if any, of reasonably possible near-term changes in interest rates on our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows would not be material. Currently, we do not hedge these interest rate exposures. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve capital. We have not used derivative financial instruments in our investment portfolio.

 

As of March 30, 2018, our unrestricted cash was $1,407,013 of which $1,140,724 was in an interest-bearing money market account with and the balance of $266,289 was maintained in non-interest-bearing checking accounts used to pay operating expenses.

 

Item 8.Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

See our audited Financial Statements for the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018 which follows Item 15 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Item 9.Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

None.

 

On August 8, 2017, the Company filed a report on Form 8-K announcing that the Company received a letter from Jerome Rosenberg CPA, P.C. (“Rosenberg”) notifying David Offerman, President and Chief Executive

21 

 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 9.Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure (continued)

 

Officer the Company that Rosenberg had resigned as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, effective immediately.

 

The Form 8-K also stated that Rosenberg’s reports on the Company’s financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2017 did not contain any adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion, and were not qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope, or accounting principles. Rosenberg’s resignation was not the result of any disagreement between the Company and Rosenberg on matters of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure or auditing scope or procedures.

 

 

The Form 8-K also stated that the Board of Directors of the Company is in the process of engaging a new independent registered public accounting firm responsible for auditing its financial statements and upon completion of such process will report such new engagement on Form 8-K.

 

In a Form 8-K filed on November 16, 2017, IEH announced that the Board of Directors ratified the engagement of Manuel Reina CPA as the Company’s new independent registered public accounting firm.

 

Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluations of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15e) under the Exchange Act as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures throughout the period covered by this report were not effective. They determined that deficiencies included how the information required to be disclosed by us in reports filed under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms; and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management to allow for timely decisions regarding disclosure. The deficiencies in our internal controls over financial reporting and disclosure controls related to the expertise of recording complex accounting issues with respect to stock- based compensation expense.

 

A controls system cannot provide absolute assurance, however, that the objectives of the controls systems are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected.

 

Nevertheless, management has determined that as of March 30, 2018, there were material weaknesses in both the design and effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal controls over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Specifically, these weaknesses related to the analysis and reporting of stock-based compensation expense.

 

Management has undertaken steps to correct this past deficiency in its system of internal controls over financial reporting and has implemented procedures to closely monitor its system of internal controls in the future. In addition, management is recommending to the Board of Directors to form an audit committee of the Board which will be responsible to review: (i) all financial reports of the Company including, without limitation, the audited and unaudited financial statements of the Company, as applicable; and (ii) periodically review our disclosure controls and internal controls over financial reporting. The audit committee will also be authorized to investigate and make recommendations to the Board to implement any necessary system of internal controls over financial reporting to prevent any future deficiency in the internal controls over financial reporting. The audit committee will be comprised of at least three independent directors of the Company. Management believes that these changes are reasonably likely to affect materially and positively our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our management, under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act). Our internal controls over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by our Board of Directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of

22 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART II

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures (continued)

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting (continued)

 

financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. The Company’s internal controls over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:

 

(i)       pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company;

(ii)       provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and

(iii)       provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of March 30, 2018. In making this evaluation, management used the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). As stated above, based on our evaluation under the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework, our management has concluded that our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective as of March 30, 2018. Management has now undertaken steps to correct these deficiencies in the internal controls over financial reporting.

This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of our independent registered public accounting firm regarding our internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the SEC that permit us to provide only management’s report in this Annual Report.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal controls over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

As stated above, management has now undertaken steps to correct the deficiencies in our system of internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act).

Inherent Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls

We do not expect that internal controls over financial reporting will prevent all errors or all instances of fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs.

Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within its company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns

23 

IEH CORPORATION

PART II

Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures (continued)

 

Inherent Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls (continued)

can occur because of simple error or mistake. Controls can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and any design may not succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures. Because of the inherent limitation of a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

Other Information Related to Internal Controls

 

Historically, the Company has relied upon the entire Board of Directors in appointing the Company’s independent auditors and reviewing the financial condition and statements of the Company. However, in light of the aforementioned deficiencies in our internal controls over financial reporting described above, management is recommending to the Board of Directors to form an audit committee of the Board which will be responsible to review: (i) all financial reports of the Company including, without limitation, the audited and unaudited financial statements of the Company, as applicable; and (ii) periodically review our disclosure controls and internal controls over financial reporting. The audit committee will also be authorized to investigate and make recommendations to the Board to implement any necessary system of internal controls over financial reporting to prevent any future deficiency in the internal controls over financial reporting. The audit committee will be comprised of at least three independent directors of the Company.

 

Additionally, in response to the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, our Board of Directors and management have adopted a Code of Ethics and have instituted a periodic review by members of our management team to assist and guide the disclosure process. The Board has also determined to periodically review and develop policies and procedures to enhance our disclosure controls and procedures as well as with reviewing our periodic reports and other public disclosures.

 

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

24 

 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 10.   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

As of March 30, 2018, the executive officers and directors of the Company are as follows:

 

Name   Age                         Office Class
           
David Offerman (1)   43   Chairman of the Board of Directors, President and  Chief Executive Officer II
           
Robert Knoth   75   Chief Financial Officer, Controller, Secretary and Treasurer __
           
Allen Gottlieb   77   Director II
           
Gerald E. Chafetz   75   Director II
           
Eric C. Hugel   47   Director I
           
Sonia Marciano   55   Director I

 

(1)On March 24, 2017, Michael Offerman, the Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company died suddenly. On March 26, 2017, the Board of Directors held a special meeting by telephone conference call and elected David Offerman to replace Michael Offerman. David Offerman is the son of Michael Offerman and was previously a member of the Board of Directors and the Vice President – Sales and Marketing of the Company.

 

IEH’s Certificate of Incorporation provides that the directors of the Company are to be elected in two (2) classes; each class to be elected to a staggered two (2) year term and until their successors are duly elected and qualified. The Board of Directors currently consists of five (5) members divided into two classes with two Class I Members (Mr. Hugel and Ms. Marciano) and three Class II Members (Mr. David Offerman, Mr. Gottlieb and Mr. Chafetz). The Class I Members of the Board of Directors are scheduled to be elected at the Company’s 2018 Annual Meeting. All officers are elected by and serve at the discretion of the Board of Directors.

 

Executive Officers and Directors

 

David Offerman. On March 26, 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company held a special meeting by telephonic conference call to elect David Offerman as the Company’s new Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer. David succeeded his late father, Michael Offerman, who passed away on March 24, 2017. David Offerman has been a member of IEH’s Board of Directors since July 15, 2016. Prior to March 24, 2017, he was the Vice President – Sales and Marketing of the Company. He joined the Company in September 2004 as the National Sales Manager and was appointed to Vice President – Sales and Marketing in April 2011. Prior to joining IEH, David worked as an account executive and sales manager in the telecommunication industry. David graduated from the University of Michigan in 1993 with a Bachelor of Arts in film and communications. In 2016 he received an MBA from the NYU Stern School of Business with a concentration in leadership and management. David is the son of Michael Offerman, the late Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company.

 

Robert Knoth. Robert Knoth joined the Company as Controller in January 1990 and was elected Treasurer of the Company in March 1990. He was elected as Secretary of the Company in September 1992 and Mr. Knoth

 

25 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 10.     Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance (continued)

 

Executive Officers and Directors (continued)

 

has held these positions since said dates. From 1986 to January 1990, Mr. Knoth was employed as controller by G&R Preuss, Inc., a company engaged in the business of manufacturing truck bodies and accessories.

 

Allen Gottlieb. Allen Gottlieb has been a member of the Company’s Board of Directors since 1992. Mr. Gottlieb is actively engaged as a labor-management relations consultant.

 

Gerald Chafetz. Mr. Chafetz is President of GEC Enterprises, LLC since 2011. GEC Enterprises, LLC is a property management company headquartered in Rockville Centre, New York. He was previously President of Capitol City Companies. Prior to founding Capitol City Companies, he had an extended 22-year executive career in the textile industry with several knitwear and high fashion manufacturers, including Arista Knitwear, Berwick Fashion Knitwear and Beged-or Knitwear. Mr. Chafetz graduated from the University of Hartford in 1965 with a Bachelor of Science degree in business.

 

Eric C. Hugel, CPA, CFA. Eric C. Hugel has been a member of IEH’s Board of Directors since July 15, 2016. He is the Co-Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of Deb’s Buried Treasure, an online retailer, since July 2014. From March 2013 to February 2014, Mr. Hugel held the position of Senior Institutional Specialist in U.S. Fundamental Equity Research Analyst at McGraw Hill Financial – S&P Capital IQ providing investment advisory services. In particular he provided research and analysis in the U.S. aerospace and defense and industrial conglomerates sectors. From July 2002 through June 2012 he was a managing director at Stephens Inc. providing investment research and analytical services in the U.S. aerospace and defenses sectors. Mr. Hugel graduated from Lehigh University in 1993 with a Bachelor of Science in accounting.

 

Dr. Sonia Marciano. Dr. Sonia Marciano has been a member of IEH’s Board of Directors since July 15, 2016. She is a clinical professor at the NYU Stern School of Business since July 2007 where she teaches courses and manages academic programs. She graduated from the University of Chicago in 1984 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. In 2000, Dr. Marciano received from the University of Chicago her MBA in Economics and Finance and her PhD in Business Economics.

 

Significant Employees

 

Mark Iskin is the Director of Purchasing, a position he has held since September 2000. On April 14, 2011, the Board of Directors appointed Mark to the position of Vice-President-Operations. Prior to joining the Company, Mark worked as a materials and purchasing specialist, in manufacturing and distribution companies. In his last position with an industrial distributor, he was responsible for purchasing as well as managing vendors for the cutting tool section of the catalog. In addition, he participated in setting up and developing such company’s forecasting/planning software related to that department procedures.

 

Robert Romeo serves as Vice President of Engineering for IEH, a post he has held since October 2005. Robert has corporate responsibility for engineering products and driving product enhancements to satisfy the demanding application requirements of IEH customers. In addition, Robert is tasked with engineering new product developments in the IEH connector offerings to broaden the market base of potential customers. These new connectors will introduce the traditional IEH quality and value to industries that specify exceptional reliability and performance in electrical equipment. Before joining IEH, Robert worked for more than 20 years in positions of increasing responsibility for major national manufacturers of electrical and electronic goods for residential, industrial, government and OEM markets.

 

Sherif Mahdi joined IEH in October, 2014 as Director of Quality. Sherif has 22 years of progressive professional experience in total quality management/operations and engineering management, most notably,

26 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 10.     Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance (continued)

 

Significant Employees (continued)

 

with a multinational manufacturing organization and distribution client. He has managed accounts in the aviation, space, government, commercial, medical, telecommunication, retail, construction, and automotive industries.  His expertise encompasses development, implementation and auditing of quality systems such as ISO9001, AS9100/AS9120, ISO13485, QS9000, TE Supplement, ISO20000, ISO14000, TS16949 and design for Six Sigma, Lean Six Sigma Black Belt directives impacting the lifecycle of plant and corporate operations including affiliated business and developmental concerns. His background is strengthened by significant experience as an industrial engineer. Sherif holds a Master of Science Degree in Engineering Management and a Master of Business Administration Degree.

 

Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires the Company’s directors and officers and persons who own, directly or indirectly, more than 10% of a registered class of the Company’s common stock, to file with the SEC initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in ownership of our common stock.

 

Officers, directors and greater than 10% shareholders are required to furnish the Company with copies of all Section 16(a) reports that they file. Based solely on review of the copies of such reports received by the

Company, the Company believes that filing requirements applicable to officers, directors and 10% shareholders were complied with during the year ended March 30, 2018.

 

Director Independence; Meetings of Directors; Committees of the Board

 

Our Board of Directors currently consists of five individuals. Four of our directors are “independent” as defined in the Marketplace Rules of The NASDAQ Stock Market. During the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, our Board of Directors held four meetings.

 

Since the Board of Directors has historically and will in the immediate future consist of only a small number of directors, we have not formed any Board committees. All matters relating to audit, compensation, nominations and corporate governance are considered and acted only by the entire Board of Directors.

 

The Board did not adopt any modifications to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to its Board of Directors.

 

Item 11.     Executive Compensation 

 

The following table sets forth below the summary compensation paid or accrued by the Company during the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017 for the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer:

 

27 

 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 11.   Executive Compensation  (continued)

 

Name and Principal Position  Year   Salary   Bonus   Other Annual
Compensation
   Total 
David Offerman, Chief
Executive Officer, President (1 )
   

March 30, 2018

   $346,533   $45,000   $0   $391,533 
                          
Michael Offerman, Former Chief Executive
Officer, Former President (1)
   

March 31, 2017

   $267,101   $55,000   $0   $322,101 
                          
Robert Knoth, Chief Financial    

March 30, 2018

   $181,122   $40,000   $0   $221,122 
Officer   

March 31, 2017

   $207,538   $40,000   $0   $247,538 

 

 

(1)        On March 26, 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company held a special meeting by telephonic conference call to elect David Offerman as the Company’s new Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer. David succeeded his late father, Michael Offerman, who passed away on March 24, 2017 . 

 

The Company intends to provide additional information regarding the compensation awarded to the named executive officers and non-management directors in respect of and during the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, in the proxy statement for the Company’s 2018 annual meeting of shareholders.

On September 1, 2009, the Company entered into agreements with Robert Knoth, its Chief Financial Officer, providing for certain retirement benefits to be payable to him after termination of such officer’s active service of employment with the Company. His agreement provides that his employment with the Company shall be divided into an “active period” and a “retirement period”. The active period shall mean the period of time until the officer attains the age of 70 years, or further period of employment beyond such date if extended by mutual agreement of the officer and the Company. The retirement period shall mean the period beginning with the officer attaining the age of 70 years and continuing until 10 years thereafter unless the officer’s employment has been previously terminated or extended by the mutual agreement of the officer and the Company. The retirement period shall take effect only on termination of the active period. Pursuant to Mr. Knoth’s agreement, he will be entitled to receive $12,000 per annum and aggregate payments during the retirement period not to exceed $120,000. Since 2009, the Company and Mr. Knoth have annually mutually agreed to extend their respective periods of employment.

 

On September 1, 2017, the Company and Mr. Knoth executed an Amended and Restated Employment Agreement amending certain terms of the 2009 Employment Agreement including increasing the per annum payment to him to $25,000, payable in monthly installments of $2,083.33. While the retirement payments would be payable for up to 10 years, the aggregate payments during the retirement period were increased to a maximum not exceed $250,000. In addition, during the active period, the Company shall provide Mr. Knoth (a) group healthcare and insurance benefits as generally made available to the Company’s senior management; and (b) such other insurance benefits obtained by the Company and generally made available to the Company’s senior management. Also during the first five (5) years of the retirement period, the Company shall provide Mr. Knoth with group health insurance benefits as generally made available to the Company’s senior management. Upon expiration of such five (5) year period, Mr. Knoth shall be entitled to all applicable COBRA benefits.

 

28 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 11.Executive Compensation (continued)

Cash Bonus Plan

 

In 1987, the Company adopted the Cash Bonus Plan for non-union, management and administration staff. Contributions to the Cash Bonus Plan are made by the Company only when the company is profitable for the fiscal year and aim not to exceed 1.5% of gross revenues for the fiscal year. Accordingly, the Company has accrued a contribution provision of $324,000 for the year ended March 30, 2018. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, the contribution was $324,000.

 

Stock Option Plan

 

On August 31, 2011, the Company’s shareholders approved the adoption of the Company’s 2011 Employees Stock Option Plan (“2011 Plan”) to provide for the grant of options to purchase up to 750,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock to all employees, including senior management. The plan terminates on August 30, 2022 and as of March 30, 2018, the Company had issued options or awards as follows:

 

On July 1, 2015, our Board of Directors granted 245,000 non-qualified options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2011 Plan, including, without limitation, as follows: (i) Michael Offerman, our then Chief Executive Officer, was granted 75,000 options; (ii) Robert Knoth, our Chief Financial Officer, was granted 50,000 options; (iii) four non-executive officer key employees were granted an aggregate of 110,000 options including David Offerman (then Vice-President of Sales and Marketing) who was granted 50,000 options; and (iv) each of our non-management directors, Allen Gottlieb and Gerald Chafetz, was granted 5,000 options. The stock options (i) have a ten-year term; (ii) have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock as determined under the 2011 Plan, as reported in the OTCBB, on the date of grant ($6.00), except that the options granted to Michael Offerman had an exercise price equal to 110% of such fair market value because he owned ten percent (10%) or greater of the Company’s outstanding common stock; and (iii) were all immediately vested. In the event of the termination of each recipient’s employment by, or association with, the Company (as applicable), the options will remain exercisable in accordance with the terms of the 2011 Plan.

 

Effective August 15, 2016, the Board of Directors also approved the granting of stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2011 Plan to each of Dr. Marciano and Mr. Hugel as follows:

 

Each of the new non-management directors received a grant of options totaling 5,000 shares each subject to the following vesting schedule: (i) 1,000 shares vested immediately (August 15, 2016); (ii) 2,000 shares vested on August 15, 2017; and (iii) 2,000 shares will vest on August 15, 2018. The stock options (i) have a ten-year term; and (ii) have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock as determined under the 2011 Plan, as reported in the OTCBB, on the date of grant ($5.30). In the event of the termination of each recipient’s association with the Company, the options will remain exercisable in accordance with the terms of the 2011 Plan.

Options granted to employees under the 2011 Plan may be designated as options which qualify for incentive stock option treatment under Section 422A of the Internal Revenue Code, or option which do not so qualify. Under the 2011 Plan, the exercise price of an option designated as an incentive stock option shall not be less

than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the day the option is granted. In the event an option designated as an incentive stock option is granted to a ten percent (10%) shareholder, such exercise price shall be at least 110 percent (110%) of the fair market value or the Company’s common stock and the option must not be exercisable after the expiration of ten years from the day of the grant. Exercise prices of non-incentive stock options may be less than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock. The aggregate fair market value of shares subject to options granted to a participant, which are designated as incentive stock

29 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 11.Executive Compensation (continued)

 

Stock Option Plan (continued)

options, and which become exercisable in any calendar year, shall not exceed $100,000.

 

The table below summarizes the option awards granted and outstanding for the named executive officers and non-management directors:

Name  Stock Option Grants 
David Offerman   50,000 
Robert Knoth   50,000 
      
Allen Gottlieb   5,000 
Gerald Chafetz   5,000 
Sonia Marciano (1)   5,000 
Eric Hugel (1)   5,000 

 

(1)       As of July 6, 2018, the recipient had vested options to purchase 3,000 shares and unvested options to purchase 2,000 shares of common stock.

 

Stock-based compensation expense, shown in the table below, is recorded in general and administrative expenses included in our statement of operations:

 

      Year ended  Year ended
      March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
   Ref  (in thousands)  (in thousands)
IEH employees     $   $
Non-employee directors        28     
Total stock option expense        (a)   $28   $ 
                
(a):The Company reported additional compensation expense of $27,980 during the year ended March 30, 2018 resulting from stock options granted during the year ended March 31, 2017.

 

Unrecognized stock-based compensation expense

 

      Year ended  Year ended
      March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
   Ref  (in thousands)  (in thousands)
Unrecognized expense for IEH employees     $    $
Unrecognized expense for Non-employee directors        14    42 
Total unrecognized expense      (b)   $14   $42 

 

(b):Unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to prior years’ equity grants of stock options to non-employee directors, that had not vested as of the end of the applicable fiscal year.

 

Note: Stock option grants to IEH officers, directors and key employees in the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017 were valued using a Black-Scholes model, under the following criteria:

 

   March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
Risk free interest rate   2.09%   1.88%
Contractual term      10 years      10 years 
Dividend yield   —      
Expected lives            10 years     10 years 
Expected volatility   64%   56%
Fair value per option  $5.85   $6.00 

 

30 

The following table shows the activity for the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017.

 

           Weighted Avg.   Remaining    Aggregate
           Exercise   Contractual    Intrinsic Value
       Shares   Price   Term (Years)    (in thousands)
Outstanding at the Beginning of the Year   3/25/2016    245,000   $6.18    9.27    $
            Granted   8/15/2016    10,000   $5.30    10.00   
            Exercised        0               
            Forfeited or Expired        0               
Outstanding at the End of the Year   3/31/2017    255,000   $6.15    8.82    $ 38
            Fully Vested        247,000   $6.05          
            Exercisable at the End of the Year                        
            March 31 2017        247,000               
Outstanding at the Beginning of the Year   3/31/2017    255,000   $6.15    8.82    $ 125
            Granted        0               
            Exercised        0               
            Forfeited or Expired        0               
Outstanding at the End of the Year   3/30/2018    255,000   $6.15    8.07    $ 3,852
            Fully Vested        251,000   $6.02          
            Exercisable at the End of the Year        251,000               

 

The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pretax intrinsic value (i.e., the difference between the Company’s closing stock price on the last trading day of the period and the exercise price, times the number of shares) that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their in-the-money options on those dates. This amount will change based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock.

 

The Company intends to provide additional information regarding the compensation awarded to the named executive officers and non-management directors in respect of and during the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, in the proxy statement for the Company’s 2018 annual meeting of shareholders.

 

31 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 12.     Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The following table sets forth certain information as of July 11, 2018 with respect to: (i) the persons (including any "group" as that term is used in Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934), known by the Company to be the beneficial owner of more than five percent (5%) of any class of the Company's voting securities; (ii) each Executive Officer and Director who owns common stock in the Company; and (iii) all Executive Officers and Directors as a group. As of July 11, 2018, there were 2,323,468 shares of common stock issued and outstanding. The figures stated below are based upon Schedule 13Ds, Schedule 13D/As, Form 3s and Form 4s filed with the SEC by the named persons.

 

 

 

 

Title of Class

 

 

Name and Address of Beneficial
Owner

Shares of
Common Stock
Beneficially
Owned (7)

 

Percentage (%) of
Common Stock
Owned

Officers and Directors      

Common Stock

$.01 Par Value

Estate of Michael Offerman(1)

c/o IEH Corporation

140 58th Street

Brooklyn, NY 11220

943,784

 

 

40%
 

 

David Offerman(2)

c/o IEH Corporation

140 58th Street

Brooklyn, NY 11220

 

50,100

 

2%

 

 

Robert Knoth(3)

c/o IEH Corporation

140 58th Street

Brooklyn, NY 11220

 

52,195

 

 

2%

 

 

 

 

Allen Gottlieb(4)

c/o IEH Corporation

140 58th Street

Brooklyn, NY 11220

 

5,000

 

*

 

 

Gerald E. Chafetz(4)

c/o IEH Corporation

140 58th Street

Brooklyn, NY 11220

 

5,000

 

*

32 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters (continued)

 

 

 

 

Title of Class

 

 

Name and Address of Beneficial
Owner

Shares of
Common Stock
Beneficially
Owned (7)

 

Percentage (%) of
Common Stock
Owned

       
 

 

Sonia Marciano(5)

c/o IEH Corporation

140 58th Street

Brooklyn, NY 11220

 

 

    3,000 *

 

 

 

Eric C. Hugel(5)

c/o IEH Corporation

140 58th Street

Brooklyn, NY 11220

    3,000 *

All Officers & Directors as a Group

(6 in number) (2), (3), (4), (5)

 

118,295

 

5%

 

 

5% Shareholders Zeff Capital LP.(6)

1601 Broadway, 12th Floor

New York, NY 10019

298,9453 13%

 

* Denotes ownership percentage of less than 1%.

 

All shares set forth above are owned directly by the named individual unless otherwise stated.

 

(1)43,600 shares of common stock are jointly owned by the Estate of Mr. Offerman and his wife, Gail Offerman
(2)Includes vested options to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock.
(3)Includes vested options to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock.
(4)Includes vested options to purchase 5,000 shares of common stock.
(5)Includes vested options to purchase 3,000 shares of common stock but excludes unvested options to purchase 2,000 shares of common stock.
(6)Based on a Schedule 13G dated January 2, 2018 filed by the reporting person.
(7)Includes all shares owned and vested options to purchase shares of common stock. Excludes unvested options to purchase common stock.

 

33 

 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

 

Item 13.Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

Other than the employment terms for its executive officers as described elsewhere in this Form 10-K, and as described below, there have been no related transactions between the Company, officers, directors or shareholders holding in excess of 5% of its securities within the last three years. Messrs. Gottlieb, Chafetz Hugel and Marciano are deemed independent directors of the Company.

 

Item 14.Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

On August 8, 2017, Jerome Rosenberg CPA, P.C. (“Rosenberg”) sent a letter to the Company notifying David Offerman, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, that Rosenberg had resigned as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, effective immediately. Rosenberg’s reports on the Company’s financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2017 did not contain any adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion, and were not qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope, or accounting principles. Rosenberg’s resignation was not the result of any disagreement between the Company and Rosenberg on matters of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure or auditing scope or procedures.

 

On November 16, 2017, the shareholders of the Company ratified the engagement of Manuel Reina CPA as the Company’s new independent registered public accounting firm for the Company’s fiscal year ending

March 30, 2018. Prior to his engagement, Mr. Reina had been associated with Rosenberg and performed auditing and tax services with respect to the Company.

 

The Board of Directors of IEH has selected Manuel Reina CPA as the independent auditor of IEH for the fiscal year ending March 29, 2019. Shareholders will be asked to ratify such selection at the Company’s annual meeting to be held in November 2018. The audit services provided by Manuel Reina CPA consist of examination of financial statements, services relative to filings with the SEC, and consultation in regard to various accounting matters. A member of Manuel Reina CPA is expected to be present at the next annual meeting of shareholders, will have the opportunity to make a statement if he so desires, and will be available to respond to appropriate questions.

 

Audit Fees. During the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, IEH paid an aggregate of $32,000 and $65,000, respectively, to Jerome Rosenberg, CPA P.C. for fees related to the audit of its financial statements. During the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, IEH paid an aggregate of $45,000 to Manuel Reina CPA for fees related to the audit of its financial statements.

 

Audit Related Fees. During the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, no fees were paid to Jerome Rosenberg, CPA P.C. or Manuel Reina CPA with respect to financial systems design or implementation.

 

Tax Fees. During the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, the Company paid to Jerome Rosenberg, CPA P.C. the sums of $6,000 and $6,000, respectively, for tax compliance and representation, tax advice and tax planning services. During the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, the Company paid to Manuel Reina CPA the sum of $0 for tax compliance and representation, tax advice and tax planning services.

 

All Other Fees. During the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, IEH did not pay any other fees for services to either of its independent auditors.

 

The Board of Directors has determined that the services provided by Jerome Rosenberg, CPA P.C. and the fees

 

34 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART III

Item 14.Principal Accountant Fees and Services (continued)

 

paid to it for such services during the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017 have not compromised the independence of Jerome Rosenberg, CPA P.C. The Board of Directors has further determined that the services provided by Manuel Reina CPA and the fees paid to it for such services during the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018 have not comprised the independence of Manuel Reina CPA.

 

The Board of Directors of the Company is now comprised of five persons following Michael Offerman’s sudden death on March 24, 2017. Due to the limited size and scope of the Company’s operations which are limited to one office and the level of revenue and income, the Board of Directors has not established an Audit Committee. Further, as the Company’s securities are not traded on any exchange or on NASDAQ, but during the fiscal year solely were listed for quotations on the Over the Counter Bulletin Board, there is no requirement that an Audit Committee be established. The Board, as an entirety, approves that appointment of its independent auditor and the related work performed by the auditor for services which are not audit related. In its deliberations regarding approval of the independent auditor for auditing and other services, the Board reviews the auditor’s history of representing the Company, the fees to be paid and paid historically, the level of performance provided by the auditor and the ability of the Company, given its lack of profits to obtain similar services for similar costs. In compliance with the rules of the OTCQB, the Company plans to establish an audit committee.

 

Consistent with SEC policies regarding auditor independence, the Board of Directors has responsibility for appointing, setting compensation and overseeing the work of the independent auditor. In recognition of this responsibility, the Board has established a policy to pre-approve all audit and permissible non-audit services provided by the independent auditor. Prior to engagement of the independent auditor for the next year's audit, management advises the Board of the audit and permissible non-audit services expected to be rendered during that year for each of the categories of services which may be provided by the independent auditor to the Board for approval. The primary categories of services expected to be provided by the independent auditor are as described in the list of fees set forth above. In addition, management will also provide to the Board for its approval a fee proposal for the services proposed to be rendered by the independent auditor. Prior to the engagement of the independent auditor, the Board will approve both the description of audit and permissible non-audit services proposed to be rendered by the independent auditor and the budget for all such services. The fees are budgeted and the Board requires the independent auditor and management to report actual fees versus the budget periodically throughout the year by category of service.

 

During the year, circumstances may arise when it may become necessary to engage the independent auditor for additional services not contemplated in the original pre-approval. In those instances, the Board requires separate pre-approval before engaging the independent auditor.

 

PART IV

 

Item 15.Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

Exhibits filed with Form 10-K:

 

(a)(1)        Financial Statements

 

The Financial Statements referenced in Part II, Item 9 of this Annual Report appear on pages 37 to 56.

 

35 

IEH CORPORATION

 

PART IV

 

Item 15.Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules. (continued)

 

 

(a)(2)         Financial Statement Schedule

 

None.

 

(a)(3)         Exhibits

 

10.1(#) Agreement between the Company and Michael Offerman (filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 4, 2009).

 

10.2(#) Agreement between the Company and Robert Knoth (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 4, 2009).

 

10.3(#) 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (filed as Exhibit A to definitive Proxy Statement dated August 31, 2011).

 

10.4(#) Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Certificate and Agreement under the 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (filed as Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Annual Report for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 and filed on July 14, 2017.

 

10.5(#)* Amended and Restated Agreement between the Company and Robert Knoth, dated as of September 1, 2017.

 

31.1* Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 17 CFR 240.13a-14(a) or 17 CFR 240.15d-14(a) pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

31.2*  Certification of Chief Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 17 CFR 240.13a-14(a) or 17 CFR 240.15d-14(a) pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1* Certifications by Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to 17 CFR 240.13a-14(b) or 17 CFR 240.15d-14(b) and Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.1* The following information from the IEH Corporation’s Annual Report in Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting language) and filed electronically herewith: (i) the Balance Sheets; (ii) the Statements of Operations; and (iii) the Statements of Stockholders’ Equity; (iv) the Statements of Cash Flow; and (v) the Notes to Financial Statements.

 

The exhibits designated with an asterisk (*) are filed herewith. All other exhibits have been previously filed with the SEC and pursuant to 17 C.F.R. Section 201.24 and 240.12b-32, are incorporated by reference to the document referenced in parentheses following the description of such exhibit. The exhibits designated with a number sign (#) indicate a management contract or compensation plan or arrangement.

 

36 

IEH CORPORATION

March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017

Index to Financial Statements 

 

 

 

    Page
    Number
     
Independent Auditor’s Report   38
     
Financial Statements:    
     
Balance Sheets as of March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017   39
     
Statements of Operations for the years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017  

41

     
Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017  

42

     
Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017  

43

     
Notes to Financial Statements   44

 

 

37 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

Board of Directors and Stockholders

IEH Corporation

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

I have audited the accompanying balance sheet of IEH Corporation (the “Company”), as of March 30, 2018 and the related statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended and the related notes and schedules (collectively referred to as the “Financial Statements”). The financial statements of IEH Corporation as of March 31, 2017, were audited by other auditors whose report dated June 28, 2017, expressed an unqualified opinion on those statements. In my opinion, the Financial Statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of IEH Corporation as of March 30, 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These Financial Statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. My responsibility is to express an opinion on these Financial Statements based upon my audit. I am a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

I conducted my audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that I plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the Financial Statements are free from material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. My audit included performing procedures to assess the risk of material misstatement of the Financial Statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the Financial Statements. My audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall Financial Statements. I believe that my audit provides a reasonable basis for my opinion.

 

 

/s/Manuel Reina, CPA

 

 

I have served as the Company’s auditor since 2017.

 

 

West Babylon, New York

July 11, 2018

38 

IEH CORPORATION

 

BALANCE SHEETS

 

As of March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017

 

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
ASSETS          
           
CURRENT ASSETS:          
Cash  $1,407,013   $1,210,761 
Accounts receivable, less allowances for doubtful accounts
     of $11,562 at March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017
   4,429,267    3,107,670 
Inventories (Note 2)   10,751,498    8,685,988 
Excess payments to accounts receivable factor (Note 5)   154,960    191,430 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (Note 3)   489,594    1,308,038 
           
          Total Current Assets   17,232,332    14,503,887 
           
           
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, less accumulated
   depreciation and amortization of $9,377,361 at March 30, 2018 and
   $9,047,324 at March 31, 2017 and (Note 4)
   2,066,155    2,019,150 
    2,066,155    2,019,150 
           
OTHER ASSETS:          
  Other assets   54,489    54,451 
    54,489    54,451 
           
Total Assets  $19,352,976   $16,577,488 

 

 

The accompanying notes and independent auditors’ report should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements.

39 

IEH CORPORATION

 

BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)

 

As of March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017

 

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  2018   2017 
         
         
         
CURRENT LIABILITIES:          
Accounts payable  $576,629   $235,187 
Accrued corporate income taxes   935,762    599,739 
Other current liabilities (Note 6)   768,369    688,018 
           
          Total Current Liabilities   2,280,760    1,522,944 
           
          Total Liabilities   2,280,760    1,522,944 
           
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:          
Common Stock, $.01 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized;
2,303,468 shares issued and outstanding at March 30, 2018  and
2,303,468 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2017
   23,035    23,035 
Capital in excess of par value   3,767,608    3,739,628 
Retained earnings (Note 8)   13,281,573    11,291,881 
           
          Total Stockholders’ Equity   17,072,216    15,054,544 
           
          Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $19,352,976   $16,577,488 

 

 

The accompanying notes and independent auditors’ report should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements.

40 

IEH CORPORATION

 

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

For the Years Ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017

 

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
REVENUE, net sales  $23,472,694   $20,128,041 
           
COSTS AND EXPENSES:          
  Cost of products sold   14,734,561    13,096,955 
  Selling, general and administrative   4,006,950    3,754,803 
  Interest expense   48,178    53,094 
  Depreciation and amortization   330,037    443,432 
    19,119,726    17,348,284 
           
OPERATING INCOME   4,352,968    2,779,757 
           
OTHER INCOME   3,069    1,229 
           
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES   4,356,037    2,780,986 
           
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES   (1,790,478)   (1,307,010)
NET INCOME  $2,565,559   $1,473,976 
           
BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE (Note 1)  $1.11   $.64 
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON SHARES
  OUTSTANDING (IN THOUSANDS)
   2,303    2,303 

 

The accompanying notes and independent auditors’ report should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements.

41 

IEH CORPORATION

 

STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

For the Years Ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017

 

       Capital in         
       Excess of   Retained     
   Common Stock   Par Value   Earnings   Total 
   Shares   Amount             
                     
Balances, March 31, 2016   2,303,468   $23,035   $2,744,573   $10,812,960   $13,580,568 
                          
Recognition of stock option  compensation expense (Note 7)    —      —      995,055    (995,055)   —   
                          
Restated balances as of
     March 26, 2016
   2,303,468    23,035    3,739,628    9,817,905    13,580,568 
                          
Net Income: year ended
     March 31, 2017
   —      —      —      1,473,976    1,473,976 
                          
Balances, March 31, 2017   2,303,468    23,035    3,739,628    11,291,881    15,054,544 
                          
Dividend Payment   —      —      —      (575,867)   (575,867)
                          
Recognition of stock option compensation expense   —      —      27,980    —      27,980 
                          
     Net Income: year ended
     March 30, 2018
               2,565,559    2,565,559 
                          
Balances, March 30, 2018   2,303,468   $23,035   $3,767,608   $13,281,573   $17,072,216 

 

The accompanying notes and independent auditors’ report should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements.

42 

IEH CORPORATION

 

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Increase (Decrease) in Cash

 

For the Years Ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:          
  Net income  $2,565,559   $1,473,976 
           
  Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities          
           
  Depreciation and amortization   330,037    443,432 
           
  Recognition of stock option compensation expense   27,980     
           
Changes in assets and liabilities:          
(Increase) in accounts receivable   (1,321,597)   (895,162)
(Increase) decrease in excess payments to accounts receivable factor   36,470    (5,316)
(Increase) in inventories   (2,065,510)   (1,435,688)
 Decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets   818,444    69,829 
(Increase) in other assets   (38)   (88)
Increase in accounts payable   341,444    39,356 
Increase in other current liabilities   80,349    56,737 
Increase in accrued corporate income taxes   336,023    305,327 
           
               Total adjustments   (1,416,398)   (1,421,573)
           
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES   1,149,161    52,403 
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:          
           
   Acquisition of property, plant and equipment   (377,042)   (595,391)
           
          NET CASH (USED) BY INVESTING ACTIVITIES   (377,042)   (595,391)
           
CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:          
           
   Payments of dividend   (575,867)    
           
         NET CASH (USED) BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES   (575,867)    
           
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH   196,252    (542,988)
           
CASH, beginning of period   1,210,761    1,753,749 
           
CASH, end of period  $1,407,013   $1,210,761 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:          
Cash paid during the year for:          
     Interest  $42,588   $50,809 
           
     Income Taxes  $684,893   $942,151 

 

The accompanying notes and independent auditors’ report should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements.

43 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

 

Description of Business:

 

The Company designs, develops and manufactures printed circuit connectors for high performance applications. We have also developed a high performance plastic circular connector line. All of our connectors utilize the HYPERBOLOID contact design, a rugged, high-reliability contact system ideally suited for high-stress environments. We are the only independent producer of HYPERBOLOID in the United States.

 

The Company’s customers consist of OEM’s (Original Equipment Manufacturers), companies manufacturing medical equipment, and distributors who resell the Company’s products to OEMs. The Company sells its products directly and through regional representatives located in all regions of the United States, Canada, Israel, India, various Pacific Rim countries, South Korea and the European Union (EU).

 

The customers the Company services are in the Government, Military, Aerospace, Medical, Automotive, Industrial, Test Equipment and Commercial Electronics markets. The Company appears on the Military Qualified Product Listing “QPL” to MIL-DTL-55302 and supply customer requested modifications to this specification. Sales to the commercial electronic and military markets were 35% and 45%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales for the year ended March 30, 2018. The Company’s offering of “QPL” items has recently been expanded to include additional products.

 

In order to remain competitive, the Company has an internal program to upgrade, add and maintain machinery, review material costs and increase labor force productively. During the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, we purchased several machines to increase the productivity of certain processes. This will help us meet this goal.

 

Business New Product Development:

 

The Company is sought after by many of its customers to design and manufacture custom connectors. This has created many new products that are innovative designs and employ new technologies. The Company continues to be successful because of its ability to assist its customers and create a new design, including engineering drawing packages, in a relatively short period of time. We will continue to support our customers to the best of our ability.

 

The circular product line of connectors introduced several years ago for the medical industry continues to be very rewarding for the Company. The line has been expanded to include connector cable assemblies utilizing the circular connectors.

 

A new product line featuring high density connectors is being added to the Company’s product offering. This offering should be available within the next few months. The Company expects the new product line to bring additional revenue.

 

The standard printed circuit board connectors we produce are continually being expanded and utilized in many of the military programs being built today. We have recently received approval for additional products that we can offer under the Military Qualified Product Listing “QPL.”

 

44 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued):

 

Accounting Period:

 

The Company maintains an accounting period based upon a 52-53 week year, which ends on the nearest Friday in business days to March 31st. The year ended March 30, 2018 was comprised of 52 weeks and the year ended March 31, 2017 was comprised of 53 weeks .

 

Revenue Recognition:

 

Sales are recognized when revenue is realized or realizable and has been earned. Revenue transactions represent sales of inventory. The Company has historically adopted shipping terms that tittle to merchandise passes to the customer at the shipping point (FOB Shipping Point).

 

Revenue is realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met:

·Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists.
·Shipment has occurred.
·The Company’s selling price for its products are fixed and determinable.
·Collectability is reasonable assured.

 

The Company does not offer any discounts, credits or other sales incentives. Historically, the Company believes that it has no collection issues with its customer base.

 

The Company’s policy with respect to customer returns and allowances as well as product warranty is as follows:

 

The Company will accept a return of defective product within one year from shipment for repair or replacement at the Company’s option. If the product is repairable, the Company at its own cost, will repair and return it to the customer. If unrepairable, the Company will either offer an allowance against payment or will reimburse the customer for the total cost of product. The cost of defective products is immaterial at this time.

 

The Company provides engineering services as part of the relationship with its customers in developing the custom product. The Company is not obligated to provide such engineering service to its customers. The Company does not invoice its customers separately for these services.

 

Inventories:

 

Inventories are stated at cost, on an average basis, which does not exceed market value.

 

The Company manufactures products pursuant to specific technical and contractual requirements.

 

The Company historically purchases material in excess of its requirements to avail itself of favorable pricing as well as the possibility of receiving additional orders from customers. This excess may result in material not being used in subsequent periods, which may result in this material being deemed obsolete.

 

The Company annually reviews its purchase and usage activity of its inventory of parts as well as work in process and finished goods to determine which items of inventory have become obsolete within the

 

45 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued):

 

Inventories: (continued)

 

framework of current and anticipated orders. The Company based upon historical experience has determined that if a part has not been used and purchased or an item of finished goods has not been sold in three years, it is deemed to be obsolete. The Company estimates which materials may be obsolete and which products in work in process or finished goods may be sold at less than cost. A periodic adjustment, based upon historical experience is made to inventory in recognition of this impairment.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk:

 

Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable.

 

Under the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) will permanently insure all accounts maintained with financial institutions up to $250,000 in the aggregate.

 

As of March 30, 2018, the Company had funds on deposit in the amount of $1,887,682 in one financial institution comprised of the following:

 

Non-interest bearing accounts  $746,958 
Interest bearing account   1,140,724 
   $1,887,682 

 

The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes its cash balances are not exposed to any significant risk.

 

Property, Plant and Equipment:

 

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. The Company provides for depreciation and amortization using the Double Declining Balance method over the estimated useful lives (5-7 years) of the related assets.

 

Maintenance and repair expenditures are charged to operations, and renewals and betterments are capitalized. Items of property, plant and equipment, which are sold, retired or otherwise disposed of, are removed from the asset and accumulated depreciation or amortization account. Any gain or loss thereon is either credited or charged to operations.

 

Income Taxes:

Deferred income taxes arise from temporary differences resulting from different depreciation methods used for financial and income tax purposes. The Company has adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 740, Income Taxes which includes the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes”.

 

46 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued):

 

Net Income Per Share:

 

The Company has adopted the provisions of ASC Topic 260, Earnings Per Share which includes the provisions of SFAS No. 128, “Earnings Per Share,” which requires the disclosure of “basic” and “diluted” earnings (loss) per share. Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share is similar to basic earnings per share except that the weighted average number of common shares outstanding is increased to reflect the dilutive effect of potential common shares, such as those issuable upon the exercise of stock or warrants, as if they had been issued. For the years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, respectively, there were no items of potential dilution that would impact on the computation of diluted earnings or loss per share.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments:

 

The carrying value of the Company’s financial instruments, consisting of accounts receivable, accounts payable, and borrowings, approximate their fair value due to the relatively short maturity (three months) of these instruments.

 

Use of Estimates:

 

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Financial Statements. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets:

 

The Company has adopted the provisions of ASC Topic 360, Property, Plant and Equipment-Impairment or Disposal of Long Lived Assets which includes the provisions of SFAS No. 144, “Accounting For The Impairment of Long-Lived Assets And Long-Lived Assets To Be Disposed Of”, and requires that long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangibles to be held and used by an entity be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The Company has adopted SFAS No. 144. There were no long-lived asset impairments recognized by the Company for the years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, respectively.

Stock-Based Compensation Plan:

Compensation expense for stock options granted to directors, officers and key employees is based on the fair value of the award on the measurement date, which is the date of the grant. The expense is recognized ratably over the service period of the award. The fair value of stock options is estimated using a Black-Scholes valuation model. The fair value of any other non-vested stock awards is generally the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant.

 

47 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 1 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued):

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements:

 

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-19; the amendments cover a wide range of topics in the Accounting Standards Codification, including differences between original guidance and the Accounting Standards Codification, guidance clarification and reference corrections, simplification and minor improvements. The adoption of ASU 2016-19 is effective for annual periods, including interim periods, within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this standard on its Financial Statements.

 

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-20, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The amendments in this update are of a similar nature to the items typically addressed in the ASU 2016-19, Technical Corrections and Improvements. The FASB elected to issue a separate update for technical corrections and improvements to Topic 606 as well as other Topics amended by ASU 2014-09 to increase public awareness of the proposals and to expedite improvements to ASU-2014-9. The adoption of ASU 2016-20 is effective from the periods beginning after December 31, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is permitted only as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this standard on its Financial Statements.

 

In addition, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) has issued certain accounting standards updates as of March 30, 2018 that will become effective in subsequent periods. The Company believes that none of those updates would have significantly affected the Company’s financial accounting measures or disclosures had they been in effect during the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 or March 31, 2017, and it does not believe that any of those pronouncements will have a significant impact on the Company’s Financial Statements at the time that they become effective.

 

 

Note 2 - INVENTORIES:

 

Inventories are stated at cost, on the average basis that does not exceed market value.

 

The Company manufactures products pursuant to specific technical and contractual requirements. The Company historically purchases material in excess of its requirements to avail itself of favorable pricing as well as the possibility of receiving additional orders from customers. This excess may result in material not being used in subsequent periods, which may result in this material being deemed obsolete.

 

The Company annually reviews its purchase and usage activity of its inventory of parts as well as work in process and finished goods to determine which items of inventory have become obsolete within the framework of current and anticipated orders. The Company based upon historical experience has determined that if a part has not been used and purchased or an item of finished goods has not been sold in three years, it is deemed to be obsolete.

 

The Company estimates which materials may be obsolete and which products in work in process or finished goods may be sold at less than cost. A periodic adjustment, based upon historical experience is made to inventory in recognition of this impairment.

 

48 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 2 - INVENTORIES: (continued)

 

Inventories are comprised of the following:

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Raw materials  $6,644,436   $5,263,317 
Work in progress   2,288,115    859,558 
Finished goods   1,818,946    2,563,113 
           
   $10,751,497   $8,685,988 

 

 

Note 3 - PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS:

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets are comprised of the following:

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Prepaid insurance  $16,256   $24,079 
Prepaid corporate taxes   467,606    1,282,098 
Prepaid other   5,732    1,861 
   $489,594   $1,308,038 

 

 

Note 4 - PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:

 

Property, plant and equipment are as follows:

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Computers  $496,489   $444,184 
Leasehold improvements   888,488    878,888 
Machinery and equipment   6,189,340    6,079,401 
Tools and dies   3,681,077    3,484,307 
Furniture and fixture   179,072    170,644 
Website development cost   9,050    9,050 
    11,443,516    11,066,474 
           
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization   (9,377,361)   (9,047,324)
           
   $2,066,155   $2,019,150 

 

 

49 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 5 - ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE FINANCING:

 

The Company has an accounts receivable financing agreement with a non-bank lending institution (“Factor”) whereby it can borrow up to 80 percent of its eligible receivables (as defined in such financing agreement) at an interest rate of 2 ½% above JP Morgan Chase’s publicly announced rate with a minimum rate of 6% per annum.

 

The financing agreement has an initial term of one year and automatically renews for successive one-year terms, unless terminated by the Company or its lender upon receiving 60 days prior notice. Funds advanced by the Factor are secured by the Company’s accounts receivable and inventories. As of

March 30, 2018, the Company reported in the accompanying Financial Statements, excess payments to the Factor of $154,960 compared to March 31, 2017, when the Company had reported excess payments to the Factor of $191,430.

 

 

Note 6 - OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES:

 

Other current liabilities are comprised of the following:

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
         
Payroll and vacation accruals  $569,043   $598,832 
Sales commissions   104,791    85,523 
Insurance   52,648    3,663 
Other   41,887     
   $768,369   $688,018 

 

Note 7 - CORRECTION OF AN ERROR:

 

On July 1, 2015, the Company granted 245,000 options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2011 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

The Company did account for these grants as statutory stock options but did not report these grants as additional compensation expense during the fiscal year ended March 25, 2016. Upon subsequent review, it was determined that these grants should have been reported as compensation expense using a Black Scholes Method of valuation for the fiscal year ended March 25, 2016.

 

The Company is reporting additional stock option compensation expense of $995,055 as an adjustment of the opening component balances of stockholders’ equity as of March 31, 2017.

 

The following table shows the effect of this correction:

 

   Capital in   
   Excess of  Retained
   Par value  earnings
           
Balances at March 25, 2016  $2,744,573   $10,812,960 
           
Correction of an error: recognition of  stock option compensation  expense   995,055    (995,055)
           
Restated balances at March 26, 2016  $3,739,628   $9,817,905 

 

 

Note 8 - INCOME TAXES:

 

The Company accounts for income taxes under the provisions of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes which includes the provisions of SFAS No. 109 (“SFAS 109”). Under SFAS 109, deferred income tax assets or liabilities are computed based upon the temporary differences between the Financial Statements and income tax bases of assets and liabilities using the currently enacted marginal income tax rates. Deferred income tax expenses or credits are based on the changes in the deferred income tax assets or liabilities from period to period.

 

50 

 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 8 - INCOME TAXES: (continued)

 

The provision for income taxes consists of the following:

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
Current:          
           
Federal  $449,123   $532,892 
State and local   222,982    429,785 
Total current tax provision   672,105    962,677 
           
Deferred:          
           
Federal   561,920    262,469 
State and local   556,453    81,864 
Total deferred tax benefit   1,118,373    344,333 
           
Total provision (benefit)  $1,790,478   $1,307,010 

 

 

51 

 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 8 - INCOME TAXES (continued):

 

With the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), Federal corporate income tax rates were reduced from 35 percent to 21 percent. As the Company reports on a fiscal year basis ending on

March 30, 2018, the federal income tax rate for the year ended March 30, 2018 is a blended rate.

 

The foregoing amounts are management’s estimates and the actual results could differ from those estimates. Future profitability in this competitive industry depends on continually obtaining and fulfilling net profitable contracts or the failure of the Company’s engineering development efforts could reduce estimates of future profitability, which could affect the Company’s ability to realize the deferred tax assets.

 

A reconciliation of the income tax benefit at the statutory Federal tax rate to the income tax benefit recognized in the financial statements is as follows:

 

   March 30,   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
Income tax expense (benefit) – nine months    35%     
Income tax expense (benefit) – three months   21%     
Income tax expense (benefit)       34% 
Income tax expenses – state and local, net of federal benefit   12%    12% 

 

 

Note 9 - CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

 

Total stockholders’ equity increased by $2,017,672 which represented the reported net income for the year ended March 30, 2018 of $2,565,559 reduced by the dividend paid of $575,867 and the increase to Capital in excess of par value for the additional stock option compensation expense of $27,980. Accordingly, the Company reported a total stockholders’ equity of $17,072,216 as of March 30, 2018 as compared to total stockholders’ equity as of March 31, 2017 of $15,054,544.

 

 

Note 10 - 2011 EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN:

 

On August 31, 2011, the Company’s shareholders approved the adoption of the Company’s 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (“2011 Plan”) to provide for the grant of stock options and restricted stock awards to purchase up to 750,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to all employees, consultants and other eligible participants including senior management and members of the Board of Directors of the Company. The 2011 Plan replaced the prior 2002 Employee Stock Option Plan which had expired in accordance with its terms.

 

Options granted to employees under the 2011 Plan may be designated as options which qualify for incentive stock option treatment under Section 422A of the Internal Revenue Code, or options which do not qualify (non-qualified stock options).

 

Under the 2011 Plan, the exercise price of an option designated as an incentive stock option shall not be less than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the day the option is granted. In the event an option designated as an incentive stock option is granted to a ten percent (10%) or greater shareholder, such exercise price shall be at least 110 percent (110%) of the fair market value of the Company’s common stock and the option must not be exercisable after the expiration of ten years from the day of the grant. The 2011 Plan also provides that holders of options that wish to pay for the exercise price of their options with shares of the Company’s common stock must have beneficially owned such stock for at least six months prior to the exercise date.

 

52 

 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 10 - 2011 EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN (continued):

 

Exercise prices of non-incentive stock options may be less than the fair market value of the Company’s common stock.

 

The aggregate fair market value of shares subject to options granted to a participant(s), which are designated as incentive stock options, and which become exercisable in any calendar year, shall not exceed $100,000.

 

On July 1, 2015, our Board of Directors granted 245,000 options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2011 Plan, including, without limitation, as follows: (i) Michael Offerman, our former Chief Executive Officer, was granted 75,000 options; (ii) Robert Knoth, our Chief Financial Officer, was granted 50,000 options; (iii) four non-executive officer key employees were granted an aggregate of 110,000 options including David Offerman (then Vice-President of Sales and Marketing) who was granted 50,000 options; and (iv) each of our non-management directors, Allen Gottlieb and Gerald Chafetz, was granted 5,000 options. The stock options: (i) have a ten-year term; (ii) have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock as determined under the 2011 Plan, as reported in the OTCBB, on the date of grant ($6.00), except that the options granted to Michael Offerman has an exercise price equal to 110% of such fair market value because he owns ten percent (10%) or greater of the Company’s outstanding common stock; and (iii) were all immediately vested. In the event of the termination of each recipient’s employment by, or association with, the Company (as applicable), the options will remain exercisable in accordance with the terms of the 2011 Plan.

 

Effective July 15, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company unanimously voted to increase the number of directors from three to six directors and elected David Offerman as a Class II director and Dr. Sonia Marciano and Eric C. Hugel as Class I Directors.

 

Effective August 15, 2016, the Board of Directors also approved the granting of stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2011 Plan to each of Dr. Marciano and Mr. Hugel as follows: Each of the new non-management directors will receive a grant of options totaling 5,000 shares each subject to the following vesting schedule: (i) 1,000 shares vested immediately (August 15, 2016); (ii) 2,000 shares vested on August 15, 2017; and (iii) 2,000 shares will vest on August 15, 2018. The stock options (i) have a ten-year term; and (ii) have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock as determined under the 2011 Plan, as reported in the OTCBB, on the date of grant ($5.30). In the event of the termination of each recipient’s association with the Company, the options will remain exercisable in accordance with the terms of the 2011 Plan.

 

The table below summarizes the option awards for the named executive officers and non-management directors:

Name  Stock Option Grants
David Offerman   50,000 
Robert Knoth   50,000 
Allen Gottlieb   5,000 
Gerald Chafetz   5,000 
Sonia Marciano   5,000*
Eric Hugel   5,000*

 

53 

 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 10 2011 EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN (continued):

 

*Options for 3,000 shares vested, options for 2,000 shares not yet vested.

 

Stock-based compensation expense, shown in the table below, is recorded in general and administrative expenses included in our statement of operations:

 

      Year ended  Year ended
      March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
   Ref  (in thousands)  (in thousands)
IEH employees     $ $
Non-employee directors        28     
Total stock option expense        (a)   $28   $ 
                
(a):The Company reported additional compensation expense of $27,980 during the year ended March 30, 2018 resulting from stock options granted during the year ended March 31, 2017.

 

Unrecognized stock-based compensation expense

 

      Year ended  Year ended
      March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
   Ref  (in thousands)  (in thousands)
Unrecognized expense for IEH employees     $    $
Unrecognized expense for Non-employee directors        14    42 
Total unrecognized expense      (b)   $14   $42 

 

(b):Unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to prior years’ equity grants of stock options to non-employee directors, that had not vested as of the end of the applicable fiscal year.

 

Note: Stock option grants to IEH officers, directors and key employees in the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017 were valued using a Black-Scholes model, under the following criteria:

 

   March 30, 2018  March 31, 2017
Risk free interest rate   2.09%   1.88%
Contractual term      10 years      10 years 
Dividend yield   —      
Expected lives            10 years     10 years 
Expected volatility   64%   56%
Fair value per option  $5.85   $6.00 

 

54 

 

The following table shows the activity for the fiscal years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017.

 

           Weighted Avg.   Remaining    Aggregate
           Exercise   Contractual    Intrinsic Value
       Shares   Price   Term (Years)    (in thousands)
Outstanding at the Beginning of the Year   3/25/2016    245,000   $6.18    9.27    $
            Granted   8/15/2016    10,000   $5.30    10.00   
            Exercised        0               
            Forfeited or Expired        0               
Outstanding at the End of the Year   3/31/2017    255,000   $6.15    8.82    $ 38
            Fully Vested        247,000   $6.05          
            Exercisable at the End of the Year                        
            March 31 2017        247,000               
Outstanding at the Beginning of the Year   3/31/2017    255,000   $6.15    8.82    $ 125
            Granted        0               
            Exercised        0               
            Forfeited or Expired        0               
Outstanding at the End of the Year   3/30/2018    255,000   $6.15    8.07    $ 3,852
            Fully Vested        251,000   $6.02          
            Exercisable at the End of the Year        251,000               

 

The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pretax intrinsic value (i.e., the difference between the Company’s closing stock price on the last trading day of the period and the exercise price, times the number of shares) that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their in-the-money options on those dates. This amount will change based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock.

 

The Company intends to provide additional information regarding the compensation awarded to the named executive officers and non-management directors in respect of and during the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, in the proxy statement for the Company’s 2018 annual meeting of shareholders.

 

 

Note 11 - CASH BONUS PLAN:

 

In 1987, the Company adopted the Cash Bonus Plan for non-union, management and administration staff. Contributions to the Cash Bonus Plan are made by the Company only when the company is profitable for the fiscal year and aim not to exceed 1.5% of gross revenues for the fiscal year. Accordingly, the Company has accrued a contribution provision of $324,000 for the year ended March 30, 2018. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, the contribution was $324,000.

 

 

Note 12 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES:

 

The Company’s lease term for its manufacturing facility located at 140 58th Street, Suite E, Brooklyn, New York, runs from December 1, 2010 through November 30, 2020. The basic minimum annual rentals are as follows:

 

55 

IEH CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 12 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES: (continued)

 

Fiscal year ending March:     
      
2019  $183,720 
2020   189,200 
Thereafter   128,640 
   $501,560 

 

The rental expense for the years ended March 30, 2018 and March 31, 2017, was $178,360 and $173,180, respectively.

 

The Company has a collective bargaining multi-employer pension plan (“Multi-Employer Plan”) with the United Auto Workers of America, Local 259. Contributions are made in accordance with a negotiated labor contract and are based on the number of covered employees employed per month. With the passage of the Multi-Employer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1990 (the “1990 Act”), the Company may become subject to liabilities in excess of contributions made under the collective bargaining agreement. Generally, these liabilities are contingent upon the termination, withdrawal, or partial withdrawal from the Multi-Employer Plan.

 

The Company has not taken any action to terminate, withdraw or partially withdraw from the Multi-Employer Plan nor does it intend to do so in the future. Under the 1990 Act, liabilities would be based upon the Company’s proportional share of the Multi-Employer Plan’s unfunded vested benefits, which is currently not available. The amount of accumulated benefits and net assets of such Plan also is not currently available to the Company. The total contributions charged to operations under this pension plan were $151,314 for the year ended March 30, 2018 and $134,843 for the year ended March 31, 2017.

 

 

Note 13 - REVENUES FROM MAJOR CUSTOMERS:

 

During the year ended March 30, 2018 four customers accounted for $7,639,000 constituting approximately 32.5% of the Company’s revenues. One of such customers accounted for over 10% of such revenues. During the year ended March 31, 2017 five customers individually accounted for $6,946,000 constituting approximately 34.5% of the Company’s revenues. None of such customers accounted for 10% of such revenues.

 

As of March 30, 2018, amounts due from two customers represented approximately 40% of the total amount of accounts receivable. Only one customer exceeded 10%.

 

 

Note 14 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS:

 

Subsequent to the fiscal year ended March 30, 2018, the Estate of Michael Offerman, the late Chief Execute Officer of the Company, exercised all of the options that had been awarded to him under the 2011 Equity Incentive Plan. As a result of such exercise, the aggregate issued and outstanding shares of common stock increased to 2,323,468 shares.

 

The Company has evaluated all other subsequent events through July 11, 2018, the date the financial statements were available to be issued. Based on this evaluation, except as set forth below, the Company has determined that no subsequent events have occurred which require disclosure through the date that these Financial Statements were available to be issued.

 

56 

IEH CORPORATION

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, IEH Corporation has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  IEH CORPORATION
     
  By:  /s/ David Offerman                          
    David Offerman
    Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer
     

Dated:    July 12, 2018

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this Report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

 

/s/ David Offerman   July 12, 2018
David Offerman, Chairman of the    
Board, Chief Executive Officer and President    
     
/s/ Robert Knoth   July 12, 2018
Robert Knoth, Secretary and    
Treasurer; Chief Financial Officer,    
Controller and Principal Accounting Officer    
     
/s/ Alan Gottlieb   July 12, 2018
Alan Gottlieb, Director    
     
/s/ Gerald E. Chafetz   July 12, 2018
Gerald E. Chafetz, Director    
     
/s/ Eric C. Hugel   July 12, 2018
Eric C. Hugel, Director    
     
/s/ Sonia Marciano   July 12, 2018
Sonia Marciano, Director    

  

57