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EX-32 - EX-32 - MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES INCmanh-ex32_8.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES INCmanh-ex312_7.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES INCmanh-ex311_6.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 

FORM 10‑Q

 

[Mark One]

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

Commission File Number:  0-23999

 

MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Georgia

 

 

58-2373424

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

2300 Windy Ridge Parkway, Tenth Floor

 

 

 

Atlanta, Georgia

 

 

30339

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code:  (770) 955-7070

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes     No  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes     No  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

Emerging Growth Company

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes     No  

 

The number of shares of the Registrant’s class of capital stock outstanding as of April 23, 2018, the latest practicable date, is as follows: 66,820,321 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share.

 

 

 

 


MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES, INC.

FORM 10-Q

Quarter Ended March 31, 2018

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I

 

 

Financial Information

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements.

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 (unaudited) and December 31, 2017

3

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (unaudited)

6

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2018 (unaudited) and for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017

7

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

8

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

15

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

27

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures.

27

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings.

27

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

27

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

28

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

28

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

28

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information.

28

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits.

28

 

 

 

Signatures.

30

 

 

 

 

2


PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Financial Statements

MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

106,668

 

 

$

125,522

 

Short-term investments

 

 

12,341

 

 

 

-

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $2,265 and $2,692, respectively

 

 

85,285

 

 

 

92,231

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

14,557

 

 

 

10,320

 

Total current assets

 

 

218,851

 

 

 

228,073

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

15,758

 

 

 

15,493

 

Goodwill, net

 

 

62,252

 

 

 

62,248

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

634

 

 

 

1,877

 

Other assets

 

 

9,687

 

 

 

7,304

 

Total assets

 

$

307,182

 

 

$

314,995

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

14,869

 

 

$

14,028

 

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

 

20,894

 

 

 

15,826

 

Accrued and other liabilities

 

 

12,010

 

 

 

12,105

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

85,505

 

 

 

75,068

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

9,527

 

 

 

7,228

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

142,805

 

 

 

124,255

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other non-current liabilities

 

 

16,429

 

 

 

15,784

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, no par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding in 2018 and 2017

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 66,819,431 and 67,776,138 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

668

 

 

 

678

 

Retained earnings

 

 

159,288

 

 

 

186,117

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(12,008

)

 

 

(11,839

)

Total shareholders' equity

 

 

147,948

 

 

 

174,956

 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

$

307,182

 

 

$

314,995

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

 

3


Item 1.

Financial Statements (continued)

MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Software license

 

$

7,555

 

 

$

21,277

 

Cloud subscriptions

 

 

4,469

 

 

 

1,496

 

Maintenance

 

 

36,397

 

 

 

33,376

 

Services

 

 

78,757

 

 

 

79,781

 

Hardware

 

 

3,391

 

 

 

7,559

 

Total revenue

 

 

130,569

 

 

 

143,489

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of license

 

 

1,308

 

 

 

1,352

 

Cost of cloud subscriptions, maintenance and services

 

 

56,486

 

 

 

54,899

 

Cost of hardware

 

 

-

 

 

 

5,370

 

Research and development

 

 

17,059

 

 

 

14,225

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

12,884

 

 

 

11,789

 

General and administrative

 

 

12,800

 

 

 

11,872

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

2,202

 

 

 

2,262

 

Total costs and expenses

 

 

102,739

 

 

 

101,769

 

Operating income

 

 

27,830

 

 

 

41,720

 

Other income (loss), net

 

 

721

 

 

 

(371

)

Income before income taxes

 

 

28,551

 

 

 

41,349

 

Income tax provision

 

 

5,899

 

 

 

13,125

 

Net income

 

$

22,652

 

 

$

28,224

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

 

$

0.34

 

 

$

0.40

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

0.33

 

 

$

0.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

67,553

 

 

 

69,973

 

Diluted

 

 

67,736

 

 

 

70,247

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

 

4


Item 1.

Financial Statements (continued)

MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Net income

 

$

22,652

 

 

$

28,224

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(169

)

 

 

1,893

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

22,483

 

 

$

30,117

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

 

5


 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (continued)

MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

(unaudited)

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

22,652

 

 

$

28,224

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

2,202

 

 

 

2,262

 

Equity-based compensation

 

 

4,343

 

 

 

4,472

 

(Gain) loss on disposal of equipment

 

 

(3

)

 

 

20

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

1,587

 

 

 

2,531

 

Unrealized foreign currency (gain) loss

 

 

(333

)

 

 

104

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

7,502

 

 

 

16,553

 

Other assets

 

 

(4,223

)

 

 

(3,939

)

Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities

 

 

5,435

 

 

 

(4,063

)

Income taxes

 

 

2,286

 

 

 

8,172

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

9,853

 

 

 

6,940

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

51,301

 

 

 

61,276

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(2,174

)

 

 

(789

)

Net purchases of investments

 

 

(12,598

)

 

 

(11,630

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(14,772

)

 

 

(12,419

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of common stock

 

 

(55,815

)

 

 

(56,619

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(55,815

)

 

 

(56,619

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency impact on cash

 

 

432

 

 

 

1,355

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(18,854

)

 

 

(6,407

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

125,522

 

 

 

95,615

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

106,668

 

 

$

89,208

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

6


Item 1.

Financial Statements (continued)

MANHATTAN ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

(in thousands, except share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Paid-In

 

 

Retained

 

 

Comprehensive

 

 

Shareholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Earnings

 

 

(Loss) Income

 

 

Equity

 

Balance, December 31, 2016 (audited)

 

 

70,233,955

 

 

$

702

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

184,558

 

 

$

(15,894

)

 

$

169,366

 

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

(2,829,850

)

 

 

(28

)

 

 

(18,050

)

 

 

(113,629

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(131,707

)

Restricted stock units issuance

 

 

372,033

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

(4

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Equity-based compensation

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

16,229

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

16,229

 

Adjustment due to adoption of ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,825

 

 

 

(1,293

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

532

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,055

 

 

 

4,055

 

Net income

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

116,481

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

116,481

 

Balance, December 31, 2017 (audited)

 

 

67,776,138

 

 

 

678

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

186,117

 

 

 

(11,839

)

 

 

174,956

 

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

(1,269,109

)

 

 

(13

)

 

 

(4,340

)

 

 

(51,462

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(55,815

)

Restricted stock units issuance

 

 

312,402

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Equity-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,343

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,343

 

Adjustment due to adoption of ASC 2014-09 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,981

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,981

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(169

)

 

 

(169

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22,652

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22,652

 

Balance, March 31, 2018 (unaudited)

 

 

66,819,431

 

 

$

668

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

159,288

 

 

$

(12,008

)

 

$

147,948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

7


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

1.

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Manhattan Associates, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, with the instructions to Form 10-Q and with Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements contain all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position at March 31, 2018, the results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. These statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and management’s discussion and analysis included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the Company’s accounts and the accounts of its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Reclassifications

Certain line items in prior period financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation in the condensed consolidated statements of income due to our business transition to cloud subscriptions. We believe separate disclosures of our software license, cloud subscriptions, maintenance and service revenue is meaningful to investors and provide an important measure of our business performance. Certain line items in prior period financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation in the condensed consolidated statements of income, including: all revenue line items; cost of license; cost of cloud subscriptions, maintenance and services; and cost of hardware. Such reclassifications did not affect total revenues, operating income or net income.

New Accounting Pronouncements Adopted in Fiscal Year 2018

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue Recognition – Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which, along with its subsequent amendments, replaced substantially all revenue recognition guidance. The new standard provides accounting guidance for all revenue arising from contracts with customers and affects all entities that enter into contracts to provide goods or services to their customers unless the contracts are in the scope of other standards.

On January 1, 2018, we adopted Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results of reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported under Topic 605.  Historical hardware sales prior to the adoption of ASC 606 were recorded on a gross basis, as we were the principal in the transaction in accordance with ASC 605-45. Under the new standard, we are an agent in the transaction as we do not physically control the hardware which we sell; accordingly, we recognize our hardware revenue net of related cost which reduces both hardware revenue and cost of sales as compared to our accounting prior to 2018. Otherwise, the adoption of ASC 606 does not have a material impact on the measurement or recognition of revenue in any prior or current reporting periods.

However, based on expected renewals of maintenance and multi-year cloud subscriptions, we must defer a portion of our sales commission expense and amortize it over time as the corresponding services are transferred to the customer under the new standard.  As a result, we recorded a net increase to opening retained earnings of $2.0 million, net of tax, as of January 1, 2018 for commissions expense required to be deferred on contracts not completed as of that date.

 

8


Had we presented the results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 under Topic 605, we would have presented hardware revenue gross which would have increased hardware revenue and cost of hardware each by $7.8 million. We would have also expensed all sales commissions upon contract completion which would have increased sales and marketing expense by $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. Under the new guidance, a lessee will be required to recognize assets and liabilities for leases with lease terms of more than 12 months. Consistent with current GAAP, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. However, unlike current GAAP which requires only capital leases to be recognized on the balance sheet—the new ASU will require both types of leases to be recognized on the balance sheet. The ASU also will require disclosures to help investors and other financial statement users better understand the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. These disclosures include qualitative and quantitative requirements, providing additional information about the amounts recorded in the financial statements. Our leasing activity is primarily related to office space. For public companies, this guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those annual periods, but may be adopted earlier. We expect to adopt the standard in the first quarter of 2019 on a modified prospective basis and are currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this standard will have on our Consolidated Financial Statements. The adoption will increase our total assets and liabilities.

 

2.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue when we transfer control of the promised products or services to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those products or services. We derive our revenue from software licenses, cloud subscriptions, customer support services and software enhancements (“maintenance”), implementation and training services, and sales of hardware. We exclude sales and usage-based taxes from revenue.

Nature of Products and Services

Our perpetual software licenses provide the customer with a right to use the software as it exists at the time of purchase. We recognize revenue for distinct software licenses once the license period has begun and we have made the software available to the customer.

Cloud subscriptions includes software as a service (“SaaS”) and arrangements which provide customers with the right to use our software within a cloud-based environment that we provide and manage where the customer does not have the right to take possession of the software without significant penalty. SaaS and hosting revenues are recognized ratably over the contract period. For contracts that include a perpetual license and hosting services, the initial non-cancellable hosting period generally results in the arrangement being considered an overall service. The license fee which is typically due at the outset of the arrangement provides the customer with a material right upon renewal of the service and thus is recognized over the customer relationship period.

Our perpetual software licenses are typically sold with maintenance under which we provide a comprehensive 24 hours per day, 365 days per year program that provides customers with software upgrades, when and if available, which include additional or improved functionality and technological advances incorporating emerging supply chain and industry initiatives. Revenue related to maintenance is generally paid in advance and recognized ratably over the term of the agreement, typically twelve months.

Our services revenue consists of fees generated from implementation and training services, including reimbursements of out-pocket expenses in connection with our services. Services include system planning, design, configuration, testing, and other software implementation support, and are typically optional and distinct from our software. Fees for our services are separately priced and are generally billed on an hourly basis, and revenue is recognized over time as the services are performed. In certain situations, we render professional services under agreements based upon a fixed fee for portions of or all of the engagement. Revenue related to fixed-fee-based services contracts is recognized over time based on the proportion performed. The total amount of expense reimbursement included in services revenue was $3.5 million and $4.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

9


As part of a complete solution, our customers periodically purchase hardware products developed and manufactured by third parties from us for use with the software licenses purchased from us. These products include computer hardware, radio frequency terminal networks, radio frequency identification (RFID) chip readers, bar code printers and scanners, and other peripherals. As we do not physically control the hardware that we sell, we are acting as an agent in the transaction and recognize our hardware revenue net of related cost. We recognize hardware revenue when control is transferred to the customer upon shipment.  

Significant Judgements

Our contracts with customers typically contain promises to transfer multiple products and services to a customer. Judgement is required to determine whether each product and service is considered to be a distinct performance obligation that should be accounted for separately under the contract. We allocate the transaction price to the distinct performance obligations based on relative standalone selling price (“SSP”). We estimate SSP based on the prices charged to customers, or by using information such as market conditions and other observable inputs. However, the selling price of our software licenses is highly variable. Thus, we estimate SSP for software licenses using the residual approach, determined based on total transaction price less the SSP of other goods and services promised in the contract.

Contract Balances

Timing of invoicing to customers may differ from timing of revenue recognition. Payment terms for our software licenses vary. We have an established history of collecting under the terms of our software license contracts without providing refunds or concessions to our customers. Cloud subscriptions and maintenance are typically billed annually in advance. Services are typically billed monthly as performed. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, we have determined that our contracts generally do not include a significant financing component. The primary purpose of our invoicing terms is to provide customers with predictable ways to purchase our software and services, not to provide or receive financing. Additionally, we are applying the practical expedient to exclude from consideration any contracts with payment terms of one year or less as we rarely offer terms extending beyond one year.  

Deferred revenue mainly represents amounts collected prior to having completed performance of maintenance, cloud subscriptions and professional services. $31.7 million of revenue that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of December 31, 2017 was recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2018.

There was no revenue recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2018 from performance obligations that were satisfied in prior periods.

Remaining Performance Obligations

As of March 31, 2018, approximately $34.0 million of revenue is expected to be recognized from remaining performance obligations for cloud subscriptions and maintenance contracts with a non-cancelable term greater than 1 year (including deferred revenue as well as amounts that will be invoiced and recognized as revenue in future periods).  We expect to recognize revenue on approximately two thirds of these remaining performance obligations over the next 24 months with the balance recognized thereafter.  We have elected not to provide disclosures regarding remaining performance obligations for contracts with a term of 1 year or less.

Returns and Allowances

We have not experienced significant returns or warranty claims to date and, as a result, have not recorded a provision for the cost of returns and product warranty claims.

We record an allowance for doubtful accounts based on the historical experience of write-offs and a detailed assessment of accounts receivable. Additions to the allowance for doubtful accounts generally represent a sales allowance on services revenue, which are recorded to operations as a reduction to services revenue. The total amount charged to operations was $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. In estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts, we consider the age of the accounts receivable, our historical write-offs, and the creditworthiness of the customer, among other factors. Should any of these factors change, the estimates made by us will also change accordingly, which could affect the level of our future allowances. Uncollectible accounts are written off when it is determined that the specific balance is not collectible.

Deferred Commissions

We consider sales commissions to be incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. We defer and recognize an asset for sales commissions related to performance obligations with an expected period of benefit of more than one year.  We apply the

 

10


practical expedient to expense sales commissions when the amortization period would have been one year or less. Deferred commissions were $2.1 million as of March 31, 2018. Sales commission expense is included in Sales and Marketing expense in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. Amortization of sales commissions was $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. No impairment losses were recognized during the periods. 

3.

Fair Value Measurement

We measure our investments based on a fair value hierarchy disclosure framework that prioritizes and ranks the level of market price observability used in measuring assets and liabilities at fair value.  Market price observability is affected by a number of factors, including the type of asset or liability and its characteristics.  This hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels as follows:

 

Level 1–Quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments.

 

Level 2–Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.

 

Level 3–Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

Investments with maturities of 90 days or less from the date of purchase are classified as cash equivalents; investments with maturities of greater than 90 days from the date of purchase but less than one year are generally classified as short-term investments; and investments with maturities of one year or greater from the date of purchase are generally classified as long-term investments.  Unrealized holding gains and losses are reflected as a net amount in a separate component of shareholders’ equity until realized.  For the purposes of computing realized gains and losses, cost is determined on a specific identification basis.

At March 31, 2018, our cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments balances were $93.0 million, $13.7 million, and $12.3 million, respectively. We currently have no long-term investments. Cash equivalents consist of highly liquid money market funds and certificates of deposit. Short-term investments consist of certificates of deposit. For money market funds, we use quoted prices from active markets that are classified at Level 1 as a highest level observable input in the disclosure hierarchy framework. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, we had $9.5 million and $10.5 million, respectively, in money market funds, which are classified as Level 1 and are included in cash and cash equivalents on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We have no investments classified as Level 2 or Level 3.

 

 

4.

Equity-Based Compensation

 

We granted 467,526 and 337,684 restricted stock units (“RSUs”) during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. We recorded equity-based compensation expense related to RSUs of $4.3 million and $4.5 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

A summary of changes in unvested shares/units for the three months ended March 31, 2018 is as follows:

 

 

 

Number of shares/units

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2017

 

 

1,036,635

 

Granted

 

 

467,526

 

Vested

 

 

(345,257

)

Forfeited

 

 

(127,915

)

Outstanding at March 31, 2018

 

 

1,030,989

 

 

5.

Income Taxes

 

Our effective tax rate was 20.7% and 31.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The decrease in our effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was primarily due to the reduction of the US statutory tax rate from 35% to 21%, partially offset by a decrease of $1.2 million in excess tax benefits on restricted stock vestings.  We also reduced our provisional one-time estimate for the impact of the U.S. tax reform discussed below by $0.3 million.

 

 

11


U.S. Tax Reform

On December 22, 2017, the United States enacted tax reform legislation commonly known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“the Act”). The Act reduces the US federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%, requires companies to pay a one-time transition tax on earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries that were previously tax deferred and creates new taxes on certain foreign sourced earnings.  We are applying the guidance in SAB 118 when accounting for the enactment-date effects of the Act. We have made a reasonable estimate of the effects of the Act as of March 31, 2018. We will continue to make and refine our calculations as we complete additional analysis. Our estimates may also be affected as we gain a more thorough understanding of the tax law and more guidance/technical corrections are released by the IRS and/or Congress. These changes could be material to income tax expense.

In December 2017, we recorded a provisional estimate of $3.3 million for the one-time deemed repatriation transition tax on unrepatriated foreign earnings. The one-time transition tax is based on our total earnings and profits (E&P) which we deferred from US income taxes under previous US law. As we continue to refine our E&P analysis, we will refine our calculations of the one-time transition tax, which could affect the measurement of this liability.  We have not provided additional income taxes for any remaining undistributed foreign earnings not subject to the transition tax, or any additional outside basis difference inherent in its foreign subsidiaries, as these amounts continue to be indefinitely reinvested in foreign operations.

In December 2017, we also recorded a provisional write-down to deferred tax assets of $0.7 million related to changes in section 162(m), Internal Revenue Code of 1986, regarding deductions for excessive employee compensation. We continue to gather and analyze information, including the definition of an employee contract for stock grants not vested as of the enactment date of the Act.  We reduced this estimate by $0.3 million during the three months ended March 31, 2018.

The Act also subjects a US shareholder to tax on global intangible low taxed income (GILTI) earned by certain foreign subsidiaries.  The FASB Staff provided additional guidance to address the accounting for the effects of the provisions related to the taxation of GILTI, noting that an entity can make an accounting policy election to either recognize deferred taxes for temporary differences expected to reverse as GILTI in future years or provide for the tax expense related to GILTI in the year the tax is incurred as a period cost only.  Given the complexity of the GILTI provisions, we are still evaluating the effects of the GILTI provisions and have not yet determined our accounting policy. At March 31, 2018, because we are still evaluating the GILTI provisions and our analysis of future taxable income that is subject to GILTI, we have included GILTI related to current-year operations only in our annual effective tax rate and have not provided additional GILTI on deferred items.

We apply the provisions for income taxes related to, among other things, accounting for uncertain tax positions and disclosure requirements in accordance with the Income Taxes Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC 740). For the three months ended March 31, 2018, there were no material changes to our uncertain tax positions. There has been no change to our policy that recognizes potential interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions within our global operations in income tax expense.

 

We conduct business globally and, as a result, file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state and foreign jurisdictions.  In the normal course of business Manhattan is subject to examination by taxing authorities throughout the world.  We are no longer subject to U.S. federal, substantially all state and local income tax examinations and substantially all non-US income tax examinations for years before 2012.  

 

6.

Net Earnings Per Share

Basic net earnings per share is computed using net income divided by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding (“Weighted Shares”) for each period presented. Diluted net earnings per share is computed using net income divided by the sum of Weighted Shares and common equivalent shares (CESs) outstanding for each period presented using the treasury stock method.

 

12


The following is a reconciliation of the net income and share amounts used in the computation of basic and diluted net earnings per common share for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands, except per share data):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

22,652

 

 

$

28,224

 

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.34

 

 

$

0.40

 

Effect of CESs

 

 

(0.01

)

 

 

-

 

Diluted

 

$

0.33

 

 

$

0.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

67,553

 

 

 

69,973

 

Effect of CESs

 

 

183

 

 

 

274

 

Diluted

 

 

67,736

 

 

 

70,247

 

 

The number of anti-dilutive CESs during 2018 and 2017 was immaterial.

 

7.

Contingencies

From time to time, we may be involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of its ordinary course of business, and occasionally legal proceedings not in the ordinary course. Many of our installations involve products that are critical to the operations of our clients’ businesses. Any failure in a Company product could result in a claim for substantial damages against us, regardless of our responsibility for such failure. Although we attempt to limit contractually our liability for damages arising from product failures or negligent acts or omissions, there can be no assurance that the limitations of liability set forth in our contracts will be enforceable in all instances. We are not currently a party to any legal proceedings the result of which we believe likely to have a material adverse impact upon our business, financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. We expense legal costs associated with loss contingencies as such legal costs are incurred.

 

8.

Operating Segments

We manage our business by geographic segment. We have three geographic reportable segments: North America and Latin America (the “Americas”); Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA); and Asia Pacific (APAC). All segments derive revenue from the sale and implementation of our supply chain commerce solutions.  The individual products sold by the segments are similar in nature and are all designed to help companies manage the effectiveness and efficiency of their supply chain commerce. We use the same accounting policies for each reportable segment. The chief executive officer and chief financial officer evaluate performance based on revenue and operating results for each reportable segment.

The Americas segment charges royalty fees to the other segments based on software licenses sold by those reportable segments. The royalties, which totaled approximately $1.0 million and $2.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, are included in cost of revenue for each segment with a corresponding reduction in the Americas segment’s cost of revenue. The revenues represented below are from external customers only. The geographical-based costs consist of costs of professional services personnel, direct sales and marketing expenses, cost of infrastructure to support the employees and customer base, billing and financial systems, management and general and administrative support.  There are certain corporate expenses included in the Americas segment that are not charged to the other segments, including research and development, certain marketing and general and administrative costs that support the global organization, and the amortization of acquired developed technology. Included in the Americas segment’s costs are all research and development costs, including the costs associated with our India operations.

 

13


The following table presents the revenues, expenses and operating income by reportable segment for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

 

Americas

 

 

EMEA

 

 

APAC

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

Americas

 

 

EMEA

 

 

APAC

 

 

Consolidated

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Software license

 

$

3,491

 

 

$

1,800

 

 

$

2,264

 

 

$

7,555

 

 

$

10,625

 

 

$

9,373

 

 

$

1,279

 

 

$

21,277

 

Cloud subscriptions

 

 

4,103

 

 

 

366

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,469

 

 

 

1,496

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

1,496

 

Maintenance

 

 

29,442

 

 

 

5,016

 

 

 

1,939

 

 

 

36,397

 

 

 

27,629

 

 

 

4,024

 

 

 

1,723

 

 

 

33,376

 

Services

 

 

64,188

 

 

 

11,982

 

 

 

2,587

 

 

 

78,757

 

 

 

65,806

 

 

 

9,963

 

 

 

4,012

 

 

 

79,781

 

Hardware

 

 

3,391

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

3,391

 

 

 

7,559

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

7,559

 

    Total revenue

 

 

104,615

 

 

 

19,164

 

 

 

6,790

 

 

 

130,569

 

 

 

113,115

 

 

 

23,360

 

 

 

7,014

 

 

 

143,489

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costs and Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

44,147

 

 

 

10,013

 

 

 

3,634

 

 

 

57,794

 

 

 

48,588

 

 

 

9,391

 

 

 

3,642

 

 

 

61,621

 

Operating expenses

 

 

38,193

 

 

 

3,489

 

 

 

1,061

 

 

 

42,743

 

 

 

33,736

 

 

 

3,086

 

 

 

1,064

 

 

 

37,886

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,957

 

 

 

187

 

 

 

58

 

 

 

2,202

 

 

 

2,078

 

 

 

129

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

2,262

 

    Total costs and expenses

 

 

84,297

 

 

 

13,689

 

 

 

4,753

 

 

 

102,739

 

 

 

84,402

 

 

 

12,606

 

 

 

4,761

 

 

 

101,769

 

Operating income

 

$

20,318

 

 

$

5,475

 

 

$

2,037

 

 

$

27,830

 

 

$

28,713

 

 

$

10,754

 

 

$

2,253

 

 

$

41,720

 

 

The majority of our software license revenue (70-80%) relates to our warehouse management product group.  Cloud subscriptions revenue primarily relates to our Manhattan Active omnichannel and transportation management solutions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14


 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, including the notes to those statements, included elsewhere in this quarterly report. We also recommend the following discussion be read in conjunction with management’s discussion and analysis and consolidated financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. Statements in the following discussion that are not statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements.” Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted in such forward-looking statements, for a variety of factors.  See “Forward-Looking Statements” below.

References in this filing to the “Company,” “Manhattan,” “Manhattan Associates,” “we,” “our,” and “us” refer to Manhattan Associates, Inc., our predecessors, and our wholly-owned and consolidated subsidiaries.

Business Overview

We develop, sell, deploy, service and maintain software solutions designed to manage supply chains, inventory and omnichannel operations for retailers, wholesalers, manufacturers, logistics providers and other organizations. Our customers include many of the world’s most premier and profitable brands.

Our business model is singularly focused on the development and implementation of complex commerce enablement software solutions that are designed to optimize supply chains, and retail store operations including point of sale effectiveness and efficiency for our customers. In the second quarter of 2017, we accelerated our business transition to cloud subscriptions with the release of our Manhattan Active™ Solutions. Due to our transition to cloud subscriptions, we believe separate disclosures of our software license, cloud subscriptions, maintenance and services revenue is meaningful to investors and provide an important measure of our business performance. Certain line items in prior period financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation in the consolidated statements of income. These reclassifications include: all revenue line items; cost of license; cost of cloud subscriptions, maintenance and services; and cost of hardware. Such reclassifications did not affect total revenues, operating income or net income.

We have five principal sources of revenue:

 

licenses of our software;

 

cloud subscriptions, including software as a service (“SaaS”) and hosting of software;

 

customer support services and software enhancements (collectively, “maintenance”);

 

professional services, including solutions planning and implementation, related consulting, customer training, and reimbursements from customers for out-of-pocket expenses (collectively, “services”); and

 

hardware sales.

In the three months ended March 31, 2018, we generated $130.6 million in total revenue, respectively, with a revenue mix of: license 6%; cloud subscriptions 3%; maintenance 28%; services 60% and hardware 3% for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

We have three geographic reportable segments: North America and Latin America (the “Americas”), Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA), and Asia-Pacific (APAC). Geographic revenue is based on the location of the sale. Our international revenue was approximately $39.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018, which represents approximately 30% of our total revenue. International revenue includes all revenue derived from sales to customers outside the United States. At March 31, 2018, we employed approximately 2,800 employees worldwide. We have offices in Australia, Chile, China, France, Germany, India, Japan, the Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as representatives in Mexico and reseller partnerships in Latin America, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, South Africa, and Asia.

Future Expectations

Our transition to a cloud subscription model and shifting industry dynamics and economic uncertainty in retail negatively impacted our revenue and earnings growth in fiscal 2017. We expect going forward, these factors, and macroeconomic conditions as a whole, may continue to impact revenue and earnings growth. The pace at which the market for our products transitions from perpetual, on-premises installation to cloud subscriptions, which result in revenue recognition spread out over the subscription period rather than up front recognition, and the lead times for developing new business, which can be long for our products, can cause

 

15


 

uncertainty for our future expectations, particularly with respect to our ability to accurately forecast bookings and revenues from quarter to quarter and over the longer term.

 

As we move into 2018, we have set five strategic goals:

 

Focus on our customer success and driving sustainable growth;

 

Continue to aggressively invest in innovation to expand our products and total addressable market;

 

Continue to develop and grow our cloud operations and cloud subscription revenue;

 

Expand our Manhattan Active Omni/Point-of-Sale/Customer Engagement Business; and

 

Expand our global sales and marketing teams.

Cloud Subscription

Historically, our software licenses were sold as perpetual licenses, under which customers own the software license and revenue is recognized at the time of sale. In 2017, we released Manhattan Active™ Solutions, accelerating our business transition to cloud subscriptions Under a cloud subscription, customers pay a periodic fee for the right to use our software within a cloud-based environment that we provide and manage over a specified period of time. As part of our subscription program, we allow our existing customers to convert their maintenance contracts to cloud subscription contracts. While it is early in our transition, a few customers converted their maintenance contracts to subscriptions in 2017 and in the three months ended March 31, 2018, and we believe there will be potential opportunities to convert existing maintenance contracts to cloud subscription contracts in 2018 and beyond.

With the launch of Manhattan Active™ Solutions, the transition to a cloud subscription model has had, and will continue to have, an adverse impact on revenue, earnings and cash flow relative to periods in which we primarily sold perpetual licenses. This effect will continue until a stable, recurring mix of perpetual license to cloud subscription revenues develops.

Global Economic Trends and Industry Factors

Global macro-economic trends, technology spending, and supply chain management market growth are important barometers for our business. In the three months ended March 31, 2018, approximately 70% of our total revenue was generated in the United States, 15% in EMEA, and the remaining balance in APAC, Canada, and Latin America. In addition, Gartner Inc. (“Gartner”), an information technology research and advisory company, estimates that nearly 80% of every supply chain software solutions investment is spent in the United States and Western Europe; consequently, the health of the U.S. and Western European economies has a meaningful impact on our financial results. We sell technology-based solutions with total pricing, including software and services, in many cases exceeding $1.0 million. Our software often is a part of a much larger capital commitment associated with facilities expansion and business improvement.

We target market verticals with significant logistics and distribution complexity, which include retail, consumer goods ship to retail, food and beverage, industrial, wholesale, high tech electronics, life sciences and logistics service providers. Our largest market, retail, is experiencing significant business disruption and transformation primarily driven by digital commerce. We believe retail businesses transforming from traditional retail bricks and mortar to a technology enabled omni-channel commerce company will be a multi-year trend. While this disruption presents significant opportunity for our company, the complexity of change is extending sales cycles for large license sales and cloud subscriptions. Delays with respect to such decisions can have a material adverse impact on our business, and may further intensify competition in our already highly competitive markets.

Delays with respect to such decisions can have a material adverse impact on our business, and may further intensify competition in our already highly competitive markets.

While we are encouraged by our results, we, along with many of our customers, still remain cautious regarding the pace of global economic growth. We believe global geopolitical and economic volatility likely will continue to shape customers’ and prospects’ enterprise software buying decisions, making it challenging to forecast sales cycles for our products and the timing of large enterprise software license and cloud subscription sales.

Revenue

License and Cloud Subscription Revenue. License revenue and cloud subscriptions revenue, leading indicators of our business performance, are primarily derived from software license and cloud subscription fees customers pay for supply chain commerce solutions. License revenue totaled $7.6 million, or 6% of total revenue, with gross margins of 82.7% for the three months ended

 

16


 

March 31, 2018. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the percentage mix of new to existing customers for the license revenue was approximately 35/65.

During the past years, the overall trend has been steady for our large license sales, however during 2017, we began experiencing extended sales cycles and evaluations with greater focus on capital prioritization as retailers restructure and transform their omni-channel/digital commerce businesses. In addition, during 2017, we introduced Manhattan Active Solutions, our cloud-based solutions, and began to see our customer’s transition from perpetual software licenses to cloud based services solutions. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, cloud subscriptions revenue totaled $4.5 million, or 3% of total revenue. Cloud subscriptions revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the agreement, typically 36 to 60 months.

License and cloud subscription revenue growth is influenced by the strength of general economic and business conditions and the competitive position of our software products. These revenues generally have long sales cycles, and the timing of the closing of a few large license transactions can have a material impact on our quarterly license and cloud subscription revenues, operating profit, operating margins, and earnings per share. For example, $0.9 million of license revenue in the first quarter of 2018 equates to approximately one cent of diluted earnings per share impact.

Our software solutions are focused on core supply chain commerce operations (Warehouse Management, Transportation Management, Labor Management), Inventory optimization and Omnichannel operations (e-commerce, retail store operations and point of sale), which are intensely competitive markets characterized by rapid technological change. We are a market leader in the supply chain management software solutions market as defined by industry analysts such as ARC Advisory Group and Gartner. Our goal is to extend our position as a leading global supply chain solutions provider by growing our license and cloud subscriptions revenues faster than our competitors through investment in innovation. We expect to continue to face increased competition from Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and Supply Chain Management applications vendors and business application software vendors that may broaden their solution offerings by internally developing, or by acquiring or partnering with independent developers of supply chain planning and execution software. Increased competition could result in price reductions, fewer customer orders, reduced gross margins, and loss of market share.

Maintenance Revenue. Our maintenance revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2018 totaled $36.4 million, or 28% of total revenue. For maintenance, we offer a comprehensive 24 hours per day, 365 days per year program that provides our customers with software upgrades, when and if available, which include additional or improved functionality and technological advances incorporating emerging supply chain and industry initiatives. The growth of maintenance revenues is influenced by: (1) new license revenue growth; (2) annual renewal of support contracts; (3) increase in customers through acquisitions; (4) fluctuations in currency rates, and (5) conversion of maintenance contracts to cloud subscription contracts. Substantially all of our customers renew their annual support contracts. Over the last three years, our annual revenue renewal rate of customers subscribing to comprehensive support and enhancements has been greater than 90%. Maintenance revenue is generally paid in advance and recognized ratably over the term of the agreement, typically twelve months. Maintenance renewal revenue is recognized over the renewal period once we have a contract upon payment from the customer.

Services Revenue. Services revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2018 totaled $78.8 million, or 60% of total revenue. Our consolidated operating margin profile may be lower than those of various other technology companies due to our large services revenue mix as a percentage of total revenue. While we believe our services margins are very strong, they do lower our overall operating margin profile as services margins are inherently lower than license revenue margins.

Our professional services organization provides our customers with expertise and assistance in planning and implementing our solutions. To ensure a successful product implementation, consultants assist customers with the initial installation of a system, the conversion and transfer of the customer’s historical data onto our system, and ongoing training, education, and system upgrades. We believe our professional services organization enable customers to implement our software rapidly, ensure the customer’s success with our solution, strengthen our customer relationships, and add to our industry-specific knowledge base for use in future implementations and product innovations.

Although our professional services are optional, the majority of our customers use at least some portion of these services for their planning, implementation, or related needs. Professional services are typically rendered under time and materials-based contracts with services typically billed on an hourly basis. Professional services are sometimes rendered under fixed-fee based contracts with payments due on specific dates or milestones.

Services revenue growth is contingent upon license revenue, cloud subscriptions and customer upgrade cycles, which is influenced by the strength of general economic and business conditions and the competitive position of our software products. In addition, our professional services business has competitive exposure to offshore providers and other consulting companies. All of these factors potentially create the risk of pricing pressure, fewer customer orders, reduced gross margins, and loss of market share.

 

17


 

Service revenue also includes reimbursements from customers for out-of-pocket expenses. The total amount of expense reimbursement recorded to service revenue was $3.5 million for three months ended March 31, 2018.

Hardware Revenue. Our hardware revenue totaled $3.4 million, representing 3% of total revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2018. In conjunction with the licensing of our software, and as a convenience for our customers, we resell a variety of hardware products developed and manufactured by third parties. These products include computer hardware, radio frequency terminal networks, RFID chip readers, bar code printers and scanners, and other peripherals. We resell all third-party hardware products and related maintenance pursuant to agreements with manufacturers or through distributor-authorized reseller agreements pursuant to which we are entitled to purchase hardware products and services at discount prices. We generally purchase hardware from our vendors only after receiving an order from a customer. As a result, we do not maintain hardware inventory.

Product Development

We continue to invest significantly in research and development (R&D) to provide leading solutions that help global manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, retailers, and logistics providers successfully manage accelerating and fluctuating demands as well as the increasing complexity and volatility of their local and global supply chains, retail store operations and point of sale. Our research and development expenses were $17.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

We expect to continue to focus our R&D resources on the development and enhancement of our core supply chain, inventory optimization, omni-channel and point of sale software solutions.  We offer what we believe to be the broadest solution portfolio in the supply chain solutions marketplace, to address all aspects of inventory optimization, transportation management, distribution management, planning, and omni-channel operations including order management, store inventory & fulfillment, call center and point of sale.

We also plan to continue to enhance our existing solutions and to introduce new solutions to address evolving industry standards and market needs.  We identify opportunities to further enhance our solutions and to develop and provide new solutions through our customer support organization, as well as through ongoing customer consulting engagements and implementations, interactions with our user groups, association with leading industry analysts and market research firms, and participation on industry standards and research committees.  Our solutions address the needs of customers in various vertical markets, including retail, consumer goods, food and grocery, logistics service providers, industrial and wholesale, high technology and electronics, life sciences, and government.

Cash Flow and Financial Condition

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, we generated cash flow from operating activities of $51.3 million. Our cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2018 totaled $119.0 million, with no debt on our balance sheet. We currently have no credit facilities. Our primary uses of cash continue to be funding investment in R&D and operations to drive earnings growth and repurchases of our common stock.

We repurchased 1,157,696 shares of Manhattan Associates’ outstanding common stock for approximately $50.0 million, under our repurchase program during the three months ended March 31, 2018. In April 2018, our Board of Directors confirmed our existing authority to repurchase up to an aggregate of $50.0 million of Manhattan Associates’ outstanding common stock.

For the remainder of 2018, we anticipate that our priorities for the use of cash will be in continued investment in product development and growth of the business. We expect to continue to evaluate acquisition opportunities that are complementary to our product footprint and technology direction. We also expect to continue to weigh our share repurchase options against cash for acquisitions and investing in the business. We do not anticipate any borrowing requirements in the remainder of 2018 for general corporate purposes.

 

18


 

Results of Operations

The following table summarizes our consolidated results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

130,569

 

 

$

143,489

 

Costs and expenses

 

 

102,739

 

 

 

101,769

 

Operating income

 

 

27,830

 

 

 

41,720

 

Other income (loss), net

 

 

721

 

 

 

(371

)

Income before income taxes

 

 

28,551

 

 

 

41,349

 

Net income

 

$

22,652

 

 

$

28,224

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

0.33

 

 

$

0.40

 

Diluted weighted average number of shares

 

 

67,736

 

 

 

70,247

 

 

 

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We have three geographic reportable segments: the Americas, EMEA, and APAC. Geographic revenue information is based on the location of sale. The revenues represented below are from external customers only. The geographical-based expenses include costs of personnel, direct sales, and marketing expenses, and general and administrative costs to support the business. There are certain corporate expenses included in the Americas segment that are not charged to the other segments, including research and development, certain marketing and general and administrative costs that support the global organization, and the amortization of acquired developed technology. Included in the Americas segment costs are all research and development costs, including the costs associated with our India operations. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, we derived the majority of our revenues from sales to customers within our Americas segment. The following table summarizes revenue and operating profit by segment:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018