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EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION - Future FinTech Group Inc.f10k2017ex32-2_futurefin.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION - Future FinTech Group Inc.f10k2017ex32-1_futurefin.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION - Future FinTech Group Inc.f10k2017ex31-2_futurefin.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION - Future FinTech Group Inc.f10k2017ex31-1_futurefin.htm
EX-23.1 - CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM. - Future FinTech Group Inc.f10k2017ex23-1_futurefin.htm
EX-21.1 - DESCRIPTION OF SUBSIDIARIES OF THE REGISTRANT - Future FinTech Group Inc.f10k2017ex21-1_futurefin.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017

 

OR

 

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Transition Period from _________to _________

 

Commission File Number 001-34502

 

Future FinTech Group Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Florida   98-0222013
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification Number)
     

23F, China Development Bank Tower,

   
No. 2, Gaoxin 1st. Road, Xi’an, PRC   710075
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s Telephone Number: 86-29-81878277

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value   Nasdaq Global Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

  None  
  (Title of class)  

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☒ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy statement or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. Yes ☐ No ☐  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer ☐ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐   No ☒ 

 

The aggregate market value of voting and nonvoting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based upon the closing price of $2.41 per share for shares of the registrant’s Common Stock on June 30, 2017, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter as reported by the NASDAQ Global Market, was approximately $16.73 million. In calculating such aggregate market value, shares of Common Stock held by each officer, director and holder of 5% or more of the outstanding Common Stock (including outstanding shares with respect to which a holder has the right to acquire beneficial ownership within 60 days) were excluded because such persons may be deemed to be affiliates.  This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes. 

 

The number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of April 12, 2018 was 25,417,083.

 

 

 

 

 

FUTURE FINTECH GROUP INC.

 

 Annual Report on Form 10-K for Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2017

 

PART I 1
ITEM 1 – BUSINESS 1
ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS 17
ITEM 1B – UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 33
ITEM 2 – PROPERTIES 33
ITEM 3 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 34
ITEM 4 – RESERVED 36
PART II 37
ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 37
ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 38
ITEM 7 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 39
ITEM 7A – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 52
ITEM 8 – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 52
ITEM 9 – CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 52
ITEM 9A – CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES 53
ITEM 9B – OTHER INFORMATION 53
PART III 54
ITEM 10 – DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 54
ITEM 11 – EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 57
ITEM 12 – SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 62
ITEM 13 – CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 64
ITEM 14 – PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES 64
PART IV 66
ITEM 15 – EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 66
Signature 70

 

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NOTE CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 (“Annual Report”) of Future Fintech Group, Inc. (together with our direct or indirect subsidiaries, “we,” “us,” “our” or “the Company”) includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Other than statements of historical fact, all statements made in this Annual Report are forward-looking, including, but not limited to (a) our projected sales, profitability, and cash flows, (b) our growth strategies, (c) anticipated trends in our industry, (d) our future financing plans and (e) our anticipated needs for working capital. They are generally identifiable by use of the words “may,” “will,” “should,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plans,” “potential,” “projects,” “continuing,” “ongoing,” “expects,” “management believes,” “we believe,” “we intend” or the negative of these words or other variations on these words or comparable terminology. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that are inherently difficult to predict, which could cause actual outcomes and results to differ materially from our expectations, forecasts and assumptions. The following important factors, among others, could affect our future results and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements:

 

  fluctuations in the supply of raw material;

 

  general economic conditions and conditions which affect the market for our products;

 

  changes in U.S. and global financial and equity markets, including market disruptions and significant interest rate fluctuations, which may impede our access to, or increase the cost of, external financing for our operations and investments;

 

  our success in implementing our business strategy or introducing new products;

 

  our ability to attract and retain customers;

 

  changes in tastes and preferences for, or the consumption of, our products;

 

  impact of competitive activities on our business;

 

  risks associated with conducting business internationally and especially in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”, or “China”), including currency fluctuations and devaluation, currency restrictions, local laws and restrictions and possible social, political and economic instability; and

 

  other economic, financial and regulatory factors beyond the Company’s control.

 

Any or all of our forward-looking statements in this report may turn out to be inaccurate. They can be affected by inaccurate assumptions we might make or by known or unknown risks or uncertainties. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed. Actual future results may vary materially as a result of various factors, including, without limitation, the risks outlined under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this Annual Report.  In light of these risks and uncertainties, there can be no assurance that the forward-looking statements contained in this filing will in fact occur. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

  

We undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events, changed circumstances or the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

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PART I

  

ITEM 1 – BUSINESS

 

Overview

  

We are a holding company incorporated under the laws of the State of Florida. We have three direct wholly-owned subsidiaries: DigiPay FinTech Limited (“DigiPay FinTech”), formally known as Belkin Foods Holdings Group Co., Ltd., (“Belkin”), a company incorporated under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, Digital Online Marketing Limited (“Digital Online”) , formally known as FullMart Holding Limited (“FullMart”), a company organized under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, and SkyPeople Foods Holding Limited (“SkyPeople BVI”), a company organized under the laws of the British Virgin Islands. SkyPeople BVI holds 100% of the equity interest of HeDeTang Holding (HK) Ltd. (“HeDeTang Holding (HK)”), a company organized under the laws of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (“Hong Kong”), and HeDeTang Holding (HK) holds 73.42% of the equity interests of SkyPeople Juice Group Co., Ltd., (“SkyPeople (China)”), a company incorporated under the laws of the PRC. SkyPeople (China) has eleven subsidiaries, all limited liability companies organized under the laws of the PRC: (i) Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo Modern Organic Agriculture Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo”); (ii) Huludao Wonder Fruit Co., Ltd. (“Huludao Wonder”); (iii) Yingkou Trusty Fruits Co., Ltd. (“Yingkou”); (iv) Hedetang Foods Industry (Yidu) Co. Ltd. (“Food Industry Yidu”); (v) Shaanxi Heying Trading Co. Ltd (“Shaanxi Heying”); (vi) Hedetang Agricultural Plantation (Yidu) Co. Ltd. (“Agricultural Plantation Yidu”); (vii) Xi’an Hedetang Nutritious Food Research Institute Co., Ltd. (“Hedetang Reseach”); (viii) Xi’an Cornucopia International Co., Ltd. (“Xi’an Cornucopia”); (ix) Xi’an Hedetang E-commerce Co. Ltd. (“Hedetang E-commerce”); (x) Hedetang Foods Industry (Zhouzhi) Co. Ltd (“Foods Industry Zhouzhi”); and (xi) Hedetang Foods Industry (Jingyang) Co. Ltd. (“Foods Industry (Jingyang”). Shenzhen TianShunDa Equity Investment Fund Management Co., Ltd. (the “TSD”), a limited liability corporation registered in China, holds another 26.36% of the equity interest of SkyPoeple (China). HeDeTang Holdings (HK) also holds 100% of the equity interests of HeDeJiaChuan Holding Group Co. Ltd., (“HeDeJiaChuan Holding”), a company incorporated under the laws of the PRC, which holds 100% of the equity interests of HeDeJiaChuan Foods (Xi’an) Co. Ltd., (“HeDeJiaChuan Xi’an”), both companies incorporated under the laws of the PRC. HeDeJiaChuan Xi’an” has three subsidiaries: (i) SkyPeople (Suizhong) Fruit and Vegetable Products Co., Ltd. (“SkyPeople Suizhong”); (ii) HedeJiachuan Foods (Yichang) Co. Ltd (“Hedejiachuan Yichang”); and (iii) Shaanxi Guo Wei Mei Kiwi Deep Processing Co., Ltd. (“Guo Wei Mei”). 

 

On January 19, 2018, the Company filed a definitive Schedule 14A (the “Proxy”) to solicit shareholders’ proxies for a special meeting of the Company’s shareholders in connection with proposals to (i) spin-off the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiaries, SkyPeople BVI and Digital Online, through a pro rata distribution of the ordinary shares of each of SkyPeople BVI and Digital Online to holders of the Company’s common stock at the close of business on January 22, 2018, the record date (the “Spin Offs”); (ii) to approve an amendment to the Company’s Second Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, which would increase the amount of authorized shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company from 8,333,333 to 60,000,000; (iii) to adopt and approve the Future FinTech Group Inc. 2017 Omnibus Equity Plan; (iv) to approve the issuance of an aggregate 7,111,599 shares of the Company’s common stock pursuant to certain Creditor’s Rights Transfer Agreements between a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and sellers of such creditor’s rights; and (v) to approve the issuance of an aggregate 11,362,159 shares of the Company’s common stock pursuant to a Share Purchase Agreement between the Company and a certain investor. On March 13, 2018, the Company held the Special Meeting of Shareholders and the above proposals were approved by the shareholders of the Company. The Company anticipates completing the Spin Offs in the third quarter of 2018.

 

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Following the completion of the Spin Offs, the main business operations of Future FinTech will be focused on (i) the online sales of fruit juice products and beverages, and consumer and health-related products, through GlobalKey Supply Chain Limited (formerly known as Shaanxi Quangoutong E-Commerce Inc.) (“GlobalKey Supply Chain”); (ii) the design, development, testing, deployment and maintenance of a blockchain-based Globally Shared Shopping Mall and other related software systems (iii) the operation of a supply chain, logistics and trading business for fruit juice products, foods and other consumer and agricultural products through Hedetang Farm Products Trading Market (Mei County) Co., Ltd.; (iv) bulk agricultural products spot trading business and financial technology businesses, including software development and information services for the financial leasing and project finance industries through intelligent investment advisory and blockchain technology; (v) related asset and equity investment management; and (vi) the development and operation of a blockchain platform for cyptocurrency conversion, payment and other services (“DCON”). The Company will use blockchain technology to develop its use in different business segments, including online sales and internet distribution businesses. The Company will also use the application blockchain technology in agricultural products trading, to facilitate financial payments and transactions, and intend to use both blockchain and artificial intelligence technologies to create new opportunities. The Company anticipates generating revenues from our finance leasing business, the acquisition and disposal of financial assets and the application of block-chain technology for online sales of products.

 

Products and Market

 

Through our indirect subsidiaries in the PRC, we are currently engaged in the production and sale of (1) fruit juice concentrates (including fruit purees, concentrated fruit purees and concentrated fruit juices); (2) fruit beverages (including fruit juice beverages and fruit cider beverages); and (3) other fruit-related products (including primarily organic and non-organic fresh fruits, dried fruit, preserved fruit, fructose) in and from the PRC.

 

In 2017, sales of our fruit concentrates, fruit beverages, and other fruit related products represented 30%, 69%, and 1% of our revenue, respectively, compared to 51%, 43%, and 6%, respectively, in 2016.

 

Our Huludao Wonder operation, a subsidiary which produces concentrated apple juice, suffered continued operating losses in the three fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and the cash flows were minimal during the same three fiscal years. Thus, in December 2016, we established a restructuring plan to close Huludao Wonder Operation. In fiscal years of 2017 and 2016, this discontinued operation reported a loss of $11.52 million and $4.79 million, respectively.

 

In the management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and result of operations, for the basis of comparison, the amounts used in comparison have been reclassified to exclude the amounts from discontinued operations, which have been discussed as a separate line item listed on the statement of income.

 

Specialty fruit juices, or “small breed” fruit juices, are juices squeezed from fruits that are grown in relatively small quantities such as kiwi juice, mulberry juice, turnjujube juice and pomegranate juice. Currently, our specialty juice beverage offerings include pear juice, kiwi juice and mulberry juice. At the end of 2017, we possessed 21 patents and proprietary technologies in the processing technology of specialty fruit juice and gained a number of honors and qualifications in the fruit juice industry. 

 

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Organizational Structure

 

Our current organizational structure is set forth in the diagram below:

 

 

 

(1) Xi’an Qinmei Food Co., Ltd., an entity not affiliated with the Company, owns the remaining 8.85% of the equity interest in Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo.
(2) Formerly known as Shaanxi Tianren Organic Food Co. Ltd.
(3) Hedetang Foods Industry (Yidu) Co., Ltd. (“Foods Industry Yidu”), formerly known as SkyPeople Juice Group Yidu Orange Products Co., Ltd., was established on March 13, 2012. Its scope of business includes deep processing and sales of oranges.
(4) Hedetang Agricultural Plantations (Yidu) Co., Ltd., formerly known as Hedetang Fruit Juice Beverages (Yidu) Co., Ltd., was established on March 13, 2012. Its scope of business includes the planting, acquisition and sales of vegetables, fruits, flowers, farm products; fresh fruit picking; research, training and promotion of planting and breeding technology.
(5) SkyPeople (Suizhong) Fruit and Vegetable Products Co., Ltd. was established on April 26, 2012. Its scope of business includes the initial processing, quick-freezing and sales of agricultural products and related by-products.
(6) Hedetang Farm Products Trading Market (Mei County) Co., Ltd., formerly known as SkyPeople Juice Group (Mei County) Kiwi Fruit and Farm Products Trading Market Co., Ltd. (“Kiwi Fruit & Farm Products”) was established on April 19, 2013. Its scope of business includes preliminary processing of agricultural and subsidiary products, establishment of trading markets for agriculture products, and similar activities.
(7) Shaanxi Guo Wei Mei Kiwi Deep Processing Co., Ltd. was established on April 19, 2013. Its scope of business includes producing kiwi fruit juice, kiwi puree, cider beverages, and similar products.
(8) Xi’an Hedetang Fruit Juice Beverages Co., Ltd. (“Xi’an Hedetang”) was established on March 31, 2014. Its scope of business includes the production and sales of fruit juice beverages. On August 10, 2017, it changed its name to Xi’an Hedetang Nutritious Food Research Institute Co., Ltd.
(9) Xi’an Cornucopia International Co., Ltd. (“Cornucopia”) was established on July 2, 2014. Its scope of business includes the retail and wholesale of pre-packaged food.
(10) Shaanxi Fruitee Fun Co., Ltd. (“Fruitee Fun”) was established on July 3, 2014. Its scope of business includes retail and wholesale of pre-packaged food. Shaanxi Fruitee Fun Co., Ltd. (also known as Shaanxi Guoweiduomei Beverage Co., Limited) changed its name to Hedetang Foods Industry (Xi’an) Co., Ltd. (“Foods Industry Xi’an”) on July 5, 2016. On June 6, 2017, it again changed its name to HedeJiachuan Foods (Xi’an) Co. Ltd.
(11) Hedetang Holding Group Co., Ltd., formerly known as Hedetang Holding Co., Ltd., (“Hedetang Holding”) was established on July 21, 2014. Its scope of business includes corporate investment consulting, corporate management consulting, corporate image design and corporate marketing planning. On June 14, 2017, it changed its name to HedeJiachuan Holding Group Co. Ltd.

 

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(12) The Company acquired Huludao Wonder Co. Ltd. (“Huludao”) on September 10, 2008. Its scope of business mainly includes the manufacture and sale of concentrated fruit juice and fruit juice beverages.
(13) The Company acquired Yingkou Trusty Fruits Co., Ltd. (“Yingkou”) on November 25, 2009. Its scope of business mainly includes the manufacture of concentrated fruit juice.
(14) Hedetang Foods Industry (Jingyang) Co., Ltd. (“Foods Industry Jingyang”) was established on September 7, 2016. Its scope of business includes processing, storage and sales of farm products, fruits, tea and snacks; as well as research and promotion of processing technology of organic agriculture, fruit industry and agricultural products.
(15) HedeJiachuan Foods (Yichang) Co. Ltd (“Hedejiachuan Yichang”), formerly known as Hedetang Farm Products Trading Market (Yidu) Co., Ltd., and Hedetang Foods Industry (Yichang) Co., Ltd, was established on March 23, 2016. Its scope of business includes construction, operation, and property management of a farm products trading market; e-commerce services forfarm products; and construction and operation management of an e-commerce information platform.
(16) Xi’an Hedetang E-Commerce Co., Ltd. was established on April 21, 2016. Its scope of business includes online sales of pre-packaged foods and bulk foods.
(17) The Company acquired Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd. (“Hedetang Foods China”) on May 18, 2016 through the acquisition of DigiPay FinTech Limited (formerly known as Belking Foods Holdings Group Co., Ltd., the 100% indirect shareholder of Hedetang Foods China, on the same date. The scope of business of Hedetang Foods China includes wholesale and retail of food and beverages; import and export trade of fruit, vegetables, and dried fruit; packaging; logistics and distribution; online sales; and business management consulting services.
(18) Hedetang Agricultural Plantations (Mei County) Co., Ltd. was established on September 2, 2016. Its scope of business includes the planting, acquisition and sales of vegetables, fruits, flowers, Chinese herbal medicine, and farm products; fresh fruit picking; research, training and promotion of planting and breeding technology, development and training for E-commerce and online sales of agricultural and sideline products. On September 6, 2017, it changed its name to Shaanxi China Agricultural Silk Road Farm Products Trading Center Co., Ltd.  
(19) Hedetang Foods Industry (Zhouzhi) Co., Ltd. (“Foods Industry Zhouzhi”) was established on November 29, 2016. Its scope of business includes production, processing and sales of kiwifruit wine, juice, puree and beverages; storage and sales of fresh fruits; and import and export of a variety of products and technology.
(20) Future FinTech (HongKong) Limited (“FintTech HK”), formerly known as Future World Trading (Hong Kong) and SkyPeople International Trading (HK) Limited, was first established on July 27, 2016. It mainly engages in the import and export of food products.
(21) GlobalKey Supply Chain Limited, formerly known as Shaanxi Quangoutong E-commerce Inc., was acquired on May 27, 2017. Its main business scope includes computer hardware and software development and sales, electronic products and communication equipment, computer network engineering design, business information consultation, online sales and online marketing, and investment management.
(22) Shaanxi Heying Trading Co. Ltd was established on December 17, 2009. Its main business scope includes the sales of pre-packaged food and bulk food; import and export of goods and technology; food technology research and development; business management and consulting, and corporate planning services.
(23) Zhonglian Hengxin Assets Management Co., Ltd. (“Zhonglian Hengxin”) was established in Xi’an. Its main business scope includes asset management (except for financial, securities, futures and other restricted items); asset acquisition, asset disposal and asset operation (except for financial, securities, futures and other restricted items); planning and advisory for corporate restructure and merger and acquisition; equity and real estate investment (no public offerings, restricted to investment through assets of the company itself ); financial business process outsourcing entrusted by financial institutions; financial information technology outsourcing entrusted by financial institutions; financial knowledge process outsourcing. Businesses that require approval by government agencies shall only operate within the scope of such approval.
(24) DigiPay FinTech Limited (DigiPay FinTech), formerly known as Belking Foods Holdings Group Co., Ltd., was established on May 3, 2016.
(25) GlobalKey Holdings Limited (“GlobalKey Holdings”), formerly known as Hedejiachuan (HK) Holdings Limited, and SkyPeople Foods International Holdings (HK) Limited and later Hedetang Holdings (Asia-Pacific) Limited, was established on January 13, 2012. It was established mainly to engage in the import and export of food products.

 

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Competitive Advantages

 

We believe our competitive advantages include the modern equipment and technology employed at our production factories in Shaanxi Province and the strategic locations of our manufacturing facilities. Our equipment and technology help us to ensure product quality, control costs and allow us to meet international fruit juice production standards such as ISO9001, HACCP, and Kosher certifications, and those imposed by the United States Food and Drug Administration. In addition, our manufacturing facilities are strategically located near regional fruit production centers. For example, Shaanxi Province, where two of our manufacturing facilities are located, is known in the PRC for pear and kiwi production. Our orange manufacturing facilities are located in Hubei Province, which is a strong region of production for oranges. Our proximity to regional fruit production centers enables us to purchase fresh fruits directly from farmers, avoid the need of transporting fresh fruit over long distances to processing facilities, reduce our transportation expenses and damage to fresh fruit during transportation and helps us maintain high quality of finished products by preserving freshness.

 

We own and operate four manufacturing facilities in the PRC. To take advantage of economies of scale and to enhance our production efficiency, each of our manufacturing facilities focuses on juice products centering around one particular fruit based on the proximity of each facility to the supply center of that fruit. All concentrated juice products are manufactured using the same type of production line with slight variations in processing methods. We operate our pear juice products business out of our Foods Industry Jingyang. Our business involving apple juice products is operated out of Huludao Wonder and Yingkou, and our business involving kiwi products is operated out of Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo, in which we have held a 91.15% ownership interest since June 2006. As our Huludao Wonder operation suffered continued operating losses in the three fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and the cash flows were minimal during the same three fiscal years, in December 2016, we established a restructuring plan to close Hudludao Wonder Operation. 

 

Corporate History

 

We were initially incorporated in 1998 in Florida as Cyber Public Relations, Inc. for the purpose of providing internet electronic commerce consulting services to small and medium sized businesses and did not have any material operations or revenue. On January 21, 2004, we purchased all of the outstanding share capital of Environmental Technologies, Inc., (“Environmental Technologies”), a Nevada corporation, in exchange for approximately 29,051 shares of the Company’s common stock (“Common Stock”). As a result, Environmental Technologies became our wholly-owned subsidiary and the Environmental Technologies shareholders acquired approximately 97% of our issued and outstanding Common Stock, and we changed our name to Entech Environmental Technologies, Inc.

 

After our acquisition of Environmental Technologies, we operated through our wholly-owned subsidiary, H.B. Covey, Inc. (“H.B. Covey”), a business providing construction and maintenance services to petroleum service stations in the southwestern part of the United States and installation services for consumer home products in Southern California. In July 2007, we entered into and consummated a Stock Sale and Purchase Agreement pursuant to which we sold H.B. Covey.

 

We were a shell company with no significant business operations after we sold H.B. Covey. As a result of the consummation of a reverse merger transaction, on February 26, 2008 we ceased being a shell company and became an indirect holding company for SkyPeople (China) through Pacific Industry Holdings Group Co., Ltd. (“Pacific”). Pacific was incorporated under the laws of the Republic of Vanuatu, and was a holding company for our operating subsidiary, SkyPeople (China). We closed Pacific in the second quarter of 2017. In May 2008, we changed our name to SkyPeople Fruit Juice, Inc.

 

On June 10, 2008, we acquired Huludao Wonder from Shaanxi Hede Investment Management Co., Ltd., (“Hede”), for a total purchase price of RMB 48,250,000, or approximately $6,308,591, based on the exchange rate on June 1, 2007. The payment was made through the offset of related party receivables. Prior to that, we operated our apple concentrate business out of the facilities of Huludao Wonder under a one-year lease agreement with Hede.

 

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On June 17, 2009, we incorporated a new Delaware corporation called Harmony to be a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company with offices initially in California to act as a sales company for the Company. The total number of shares of capital stock that Harmony has authority to issue is 3,000 shares, all of which are Common Stock with a par value of $1.00 per share. On June 20, 2009, HMN was registered in the State of California to transact business in such state. HMN did not commence operations and the Company closed this dormant subsidiary in the second quarter of 2017.

 

On November 25, 2009, we acquired Yingkou for a purchase price of RMB 22,700,000 (or $3,325,569 based on the exchange rate of December 31, 2009), pursuant to the Stock Purchase Agreement that SkyPeople (China) entered into with Shaanxi Boai Pharmaceutical & Scientific Development Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi Boai”, formerly known as “Xi’an Dehao Investment & Consultation Co., Ltd.”), on November 18, 2009. Yingkou commenced operating activities in the fourth quarter of 2010. 

 

On March 13, 2012, we established Foods Industry Yidu (formerly known as SkyPeople Juice Group Yidu Orange Products Co., Ltd.) to engage in the business of deep processing and sales of oranges.

 

On March 13, 2012, we established Agricultural Plantations Yidu, (formerly known as Hedetang Fruit Juice Beverages (Yidu) Co., Ltd.) to engage the business of production and sales of fruit juice beverages.

 

On April 26, 2012, we established SkyPeople Suizhong to engage in the business of initial processing, quick-frozen and sales of agricultural products and related by-products.

 

On May 28, 2012, we acquired Hededetang Holdings (Asia-Pacific) to engage in the store and sales of pre-packed foods, production and sales of fruit juice beverages through its controlling of its subsidiaries.

 

On April 19, 2013, we established Trading Market Mei County (formerly known as SkyPeople Juice Group (Mei County) Kiwi Fruit and Farm Products Trading Market Co., Ltd.) to engage in preliminary processing of agricultural and subsidiary products, and agricultural products trading and similar activities. 

 

On April 19, 2013, we established Guo Wei Mei to engage in the business of producing kiwi fruit juice, kiwi puree and cider beverages, and similar products.

 

On March 31, 2014, we established Xi’an Hedetang to engage in the business of production and sales of fruit juice beverages.

 

On July 2, 2014, we established Xi’an Cornucopia to engage in the business of the retail and wholesale of pre-packaged food. 

 

On July 3, 2014, we established Foods Industry Xi’an (formerly known as Shaanxi Fruitee Fun Co., Ltd.) to engage in the business of the retail and wholesale of pre-packaged food.

 

On July 21, 2014, we established Hedetang Holding to engage in the business of the retail and wholesale of pre-packaged food, research and development regarding pre-packaged food, bio-tech, machinery and packages, export of manufactured products and technology, business consulting and marketing planning.

 

On October 16, 2015, SkyPeople signed a Share Purchase Agreement with SkyPeople International Holdings Group Limited to sell 5,321,600 shares of its common stock at $1.50 per share to SkyPeople International Holdings Group Limited. The purchase price of $7,928,400 was paid by the cancellation of the loan from SkyPeople International Holdings Group Limited to SkyPeople under the loan agreement dated February 18, 2013, and renewed on February 18, 2014, in its principle amount. The remaining loan amount and interest owed was paid in cash. 

 

On November 16, 2015, Agricultural Plantations Yidu (formerly known as Hedetang Fruit Juice Beverages (Yidu) Co., Ltd.) signed a construction agreement with China Yi Ye Group Co. Ltd. to engage China Yi Zhi Group Co. Ltd. to establish an orange comprehensive deep processing zone in Yidu. On November 23, 2015, construction began on the agricultural products trading market. As the Chinese government recently tightened environment regulations, the Company is in the process of adapting to the new standards and the project has been delayed. Since the Company’s current cash cannot support the future input requirements of this project and there is no forecasted cash flow from this project, the Company recorded an impairment cost of $16.80 million with respect to construction in progress and fixed assets of this project, and an impairment cost of $0.62 million with respect to the orange plantation.

 

6

 

 

The Yidu project includes the establishment of:

 

  1. one modern orange distribution and sales center (the “distribution center”);

 

  2. one orange comprehensive utilization deep processing zone (the “deep processing zone”), including:

 

a) one 45 ton/hour concentrated orange juice and byproduct deep processing production line;

 

b) one bottled juice drink production line with a capacity to produce 6,000 glass bottles per hour;

 

c) one storage freezer facility with a capacity to store 20,000 tons of concentrated orange juice; and

 

d) general purpose facilities within the zone, office space, general research and development facilities, service area, living quarters and other ancillary support areas.

 

On March 11, 2016, SkyPeople China entered into a Share Transfer Agreement and a Capital Contribution (the “Agreements”) with Shenzhen TianShunDa Equity Investment Fund Management Co., Ltd. (the “TSD”), a limited liability corporation registered in China. Pursuant to the Agreements, TSD shall acquire 112,809,100 shares of SkyPeople China from SkyPeople HK and shall make a total capital contribution RMB 131,761,028.80 (approximately $20,270,928) to SkyPeople China, which is calculated based upon 8 times of SkyPeople China’s net profit per share for 2014 (about RMB 0.146 per share) multiplied by 112,809,100 shares. On March 18, 2016, TSD made a capital contribution of RMB 112,809,100 out of the RMB 131,761,029 (the “Capital Contributions”) as payment for the outstanding capital contribution due to SkyPeople China by SkyPeople HK. On May 9, 2016, TSD made a capital contribution of the remaining RMB 18,951,929 (approximately $2,915,681) as an additional capital contribution to SkyPeople China, which was deposited into SkyPeople China’s capital surplus account. Following SkyPeople China’s receipt of the full Capital Contributions, the shares were transferred, resulting in TSD owning 112,809,100 shares, or 26.36%, of SkyPeople China. 

  

On March 23, 2016, we established Hedejiachuan Yichang (formerly known as “Trading Market Yidu”) to construct, operate, and manage property of the farm products trading market.

 

On April 21, 2016, we established Hedetang E-Commerce Co., Ltd. to sale pre-packaged foods and bulk foods online.

 

On May 18, 2016, we acquired Hedetang Foods China through the acquisition of Belkin to wholesale and retail of foods and beverages, import and export fruit, vegetables and dried fruit.

 

On June 7, 2016, we established Foods Industry Jingyang to engage in the business of processing, storage and sales of farm products, fruits, tea and snacks. Foods Industry Jingyang began operations in April 2017.

 

On September 2, 2016, we established Agricultural Plantations Mei County to plant, acquire and sale vegetables, fruits, flowers, Chinese herbal medicine and other farm products.

 

On November 4, 2016, we acquired Future World Trading (HK) to engage in the import and export of food products.

 

On November May 128, 2016, we acquired SkyPeople Hedetang Foods China, formerly known as SkyPeople Foods China to engage in the production and sale of foods and beverages through its subsidiaries.

 

On November 29, 2016, we established Foods Industry Zhouzhi to produce, process and sale kiwifruit wine, juice, puree and beverages. This company has not commenced operations as of this report date.

 

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On November 30, 2016, we acquired FullMart to engage in foods trading business through its subsidiaries.

 

In December 2016, we established a restructuring plan to close Huludao Wonder Operation.

 

On April 12, 2017, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain purchasers (the “Purchasers”), pursuant to which the Company offered and sold to the Purchasers, in a registered direct offering, an aggregate of 862,097 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share. The Shares were sold to the Purchasers at a negotiated purchase price of $3.10 per share, for aggregate gross proceeds to the Company of $2,672,500, before deducting fees to the placement agent and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company.

 

 In a concurrent private placement, the Company also issued to the each of the Purchasers a warrant to purchase one (1) share of the Company’s Common Stock for each share purchased under the Purchase Agreement, pursuant to that certain Common Stock Purchase Warrant, by and between the Company and each Purchaser (each, a “Warrant”, and collectively, the “Warrants”). The Warrants will be exercisable beginning on the six month anniversary of the date of issuance at an initial exercise price of $5.20 per share and will expire on the five and a half year anniversary of the date of issuance.

 

On May 27, 2017, the Company acquired GlobalKey Supply Chain Limited, formerly known as Shaanxi Quangoutong E-commerce Inc. Its main business scope includes computer hardware and software development and sales, electronic products and communication equipment development and sales, computer network engineering design, business information consultation, online sales and online marketing, and investment management.

 

On June 6, 2017, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment with the Secretary of State for the State of Florida to amend and restate its articles of incorporation to change its name from SkyPeople Fruit Juice, Inc. to Future FinTech Group Inc., effective immediately (“the Name Change”). The Name Change was approved by the Company’s Board of Directors on March 30, 2017 and by shareholders holding a majority of the Company’s issued and outstanding capital stock on March 31, 2017. In addition, effective as of June 6, 2017, the Company’s bylaws were amended and restated to reflect the Name Change.

 

On September 29, 2017, the Company established Shenzhen Hedetang Industrial Co., Ltd. (Shenzhen Hedetang). Its main business scope includes industrial projects; domestic trade; and import and export businesses.

 

On November 2, 2017, a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company, Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd. (“Hedetang”), entered into a series of Creditor’s Rights Transfer Agreements (collectively, the “Acquisition Agreements”) with each of Shaanxi Chunlv Ecological Agriculture Co. Ltd., Shaanxi Boai Medical Technology Development Co., Ltd., and Shaanxi Fu Chen Venture Capital Management Co. Ltd. (collectively, the “Sellers”). Pursuant to the Acquisition Agreements, Hedetang agreed to purchase certain creditor’s rights of associated with companies located in the PRC for an aggregate purchase price of RMB 181,006,980 (approximately $27,344,096), of which RMB 108,604,188 (approximately $16,437,248.50) will be paid in cash and RMB 72,402,792 (approximately $10,937,638.50) will be paid in shares of common stock of the Company (the “Share Payment”) based on the average of the closing prices of Future FinTech’s common stock over the five trading days preceding the date of the Acquisition Agreements. The Share Payment was contingent on Future FinTech receiving shareholder approval at a Special Shareholders Meeting to increase its authorized common stock to 60,000,000 shares and to approve the Share Payment issuance under Acquisition Agreements. On March 13, 2018, the Company held a Special Meeting of shareholders, and the shareholders approved an amendment to the Second Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Company (the “Articles Amendment”), which increased the amount of authorized shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company from 8,333,333 to 60,000,000, as well as the Share Payment.

 

In connection with the Acquisition Agreements and to provide funding for their consummation, on November 3, 2017, the Company entered into a Share Purchase Agreement (the “Share Purchase Agreement”) with Mr. Zeyao Xue (“Xue”) pursuant to which Future FinTech agreed to sell 11,362,159 shares of its common stock (the “Shares”) to Xue for an aggregate purchase price of $16,437,248.50. The per share price for the Shares was determined using the average closing price quoted on the NASDAQ Global Market for the common stock of the Company over the three (3) trading days prior to the date of the Share Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Price”). Under the terms of the Share Purchase Agreement, the Purchase Price may be adjusted upward if, on the third business day following the later of (i) the public disclosure of the execution of the Acquisition Agreements and (ii) the Company’s filing of its Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2017 (in each case, counting the date of disclosure as the first such day, provided that the applicable public disclosure is made prior to the close of trading on such date), the per share closing price of the Company’s common stock quoted on the NASDAQ Global Market (the “Disclosure Price”) is higher than the Purchase Price, in which case the Purchase Price shall be adjusted to the Disclosure Price (the “Adjusted Price”), and Xue shall pay to the Future FinTech an amount equal to (x) the difference between the Purchase Price and the Adjusted Price (y) multiplied by the number of Shares (the “Additional Amount”). If the Disclosure Price is lower than Purchase Price, no adjustment of the Purchase Price shall be made. The consummation of the Share Purchase Agreement was contingent on Future FinTech receiving shareholder approval at a Special Shareholders Meeting for the Articles Amendment and the approval of Shares issuance under the Share Purchase Agreement by the shareholders of the Company. At the Special Meeting of shareholders held on March 13, 2018, and the shareholders approved the Articles Amendment and the consummation of the Share Purchase Agreement.

 

8

 

 

Principal Products

 

There are two general categories of fruit and vegetable juices available in the market. One is fresh juice that is canned directly upon filtering and sterilization after being squeezed out of fresh fruits or vegetables. The other general category is juice drinks made out of concentrated fruit and vegetable juices. Concentrated fruit and vegetable juices are produced through the pressing, filtering, sterilization and evaporation of fresh fruits or vegetables. Concentrated juices are not drinkable. Instead, they are used as a basic ingredient for manufacturing juice drinks and as an additive to fruit wine, fruit jam, cosmetics and medicines.

 

Our core products are (1) fruit juice concentrates, mainly including concentrated apple, pear, and kiwi juices; (2) fruit beverages, including pure fruit beverages and fruit cider beverages; and (3) other fruit-related products, including, for example, fresh fruits, vegetables and fructose.

 

Fruit Juice Concentrate

 

Our family of fruit juice concentrate products mainly includes concentrated apple, pear, and kiwi juices. Fruit juice concentrates can only be produced during the “squeezing season” of a year, when fresh fruits are available in the market. Generally, the squeezing season for apples is from August through January or February of the following year, the squeezing season for pears is from July or August through April of the following year, and the squeezing season for kiwifruits is from September through December or January of the following year.

 

Fruit juice concentrates are manufactured through a multi-stage process, which includes pressing, filtering, sterilizing and evaporating fresh fruits and fruit juices.

 

Fruit juice concentrates are used as the base ingredient in fruit juice beverages and are also used in other products such as ice cream, fruit wine and, to a lesser extent, cosmetics and medicine.

  

We currently sell apple, pear, and kiwifruit concentrates. Our fruit juice concentrate products include concentrated apple and pear juice. Our concentrated kiwifruits are made of three different categories: kiwifruit puree, concentrated kiwifruit puree and concentrated kiwifruit juice.

 

Kiwifruit puree is prepared from clean, sound kiwifruits that have been washed and sorted prior to processing. The kiwifruits are crushed and pressed and the pulp of the kiwifruit is kept. All of the water and some of the pulp are then removed from the kiwifruit puree and the sugar level is increased in order to produce concentrated kiwifruit puree. We use advanced technologies to maintain the natural flavors and nutrients of the kiwifruit puree. Kiwifruit puree and concentrated kiwifruit puree are ideal raw materials used in the production of concentrated kiwifruit juices, kiwifruit beverages, kiwifruit flavored ice creams, smoothies and health care products. Concentrated kiwifruit juice is made from concentrated kiwifruit puree by removing all of the remaining pulp. 

 

Our production line at the Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo factory can only produce puree and concentrated puree. We use the production line that produces concentrated apple and pear juice in the facility of the Jingyang branch of SkyPeople (China) to produce concentrated clear kiwifruit juice.

 

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Concentrated apple juice and concentrated pear juice are prepared from fresh fruits. Fruit juice concentrates can also be combined with other fruit juices for the production of blended fruit juices, canned foods, confectionaries, fruit cider beverages and other beverage products.

 

Fruit Juice Beverages 

 

As compared to our fruit juice concentrate products, which experience seasonality, fruit juice beverages can be produced and sold year-round. We plan to focus on developing new beverages with higher margins.

 

The manufacturing process for fruit juice beverages involves further processing of fruit juice concentrates. Our fruit juice beverages are divided into two categories: pure fruit juice and fruit cider beverages. The gross margins for our fruit beverages were 20% and 34% in fiscal years 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

Currently we produce five flavors of fruit beverages in 236 ml glass bottles, 258 ml glass bottles, 280 ml glass bottles, 418 ml glass and 500 ml glass bottles, 888 ml glass bottles, 1.21 L glass bottles and BIB (bag in box) packages, including kiwifruit juice, mulberry juice, peach juice, pomegranate juice and fruit and vegetable juice. We also produce two flavors of lactobacillus fruit beverages in 268 ml glass bottles, including lactobacillus kiwifruit juice and lactobacillus mulberry juice, as well as three beverages with rich dietary fiber in 330 ml glass bottles, including kumquat and grapefruit juice, kiwifruit juice and mulberry juice. We currently sell our fruit beverages to over 100 distributors and more than 20,000 retail stores in approximately 20 provinces. Our products are sold through distributors in stores such as Hualian Supermarket in Beijing, RT-Mart in Shenyang, WOWO in Chengdu, the Quanjia convenient store chain, Vanguard in Xi’an, Carrefour in Chongqing and Shenyang and Lianhua Supermarket in Shanghai.

 

Other Products

 

We also generally sell fresh fruits and vegetables, fructose and other products. 

 

The fruit processing capacity of our fructose production line is 10 tons of fresh apples or pears per hour. Fructose is often used as an ingredient to make beverages and other food products. Although we currently plan to use the new fructose production line to produce pear fructose, this production may also be used to produce apple fructose from apple juice concentrates.

 

The gross margin for our other fruit-related products was 25% and 19% in fiscal year 2017 and 2016, respectively. Given the relatively low amount of production and sales of other products, their gross margin is expected to be unstable.  

 

On September 20, 2017, GlobalKey Supply Chain Ltd. (“GlobalKey”), a limited liability company incorporated in China and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, Xi’an Hedetang Nutritious Food Research Co. Ltd., (“Nutritious Food”), entered into a License Agreement of Sales Agent and Platform of IB-LIVE (the “Agreement”) with Shaanxi Entai Bio-Technology Co. Ltd, a limited liability company incorporated in China (“Shaanxi Entai”).

 

Under the Agreement, Shaanxi Entai appointed Nutritious Food as its sole global agent of Shaanxi Entai’s IB-LIVE series of products, a new generation of nutritious and healthy products for improving male sexual health. Pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, GlobalKey shall be the sole global general distributor and operating platform of the IB-LIVE products, and shall be responsible for actual product marketing and promotion, the identification and development of sales channels, and similar business activities in relation to its worldwide sale of IB-LIVE products to distributors. During the term of the Agreement, GlobalKey must meet certain monthly sales targets, which such completion will be evaluated on a quarterly basis. The failure to meet at least 70% of the sales volume of such targets will authorize Shaanxi Entai to reduce the authorized areas of GlobalKey’s distribution or terminate the license with GlobalKey. In the event that GlobalKey fails to take scheduled deliveries of the IB-LIVE products for two consecutive months, GlobalKey will be deemed to have waived its sales management rights under the Agreement. Nutritious Food and GlobalKey shall pay deposits to Shaanxi Entai in the amounts of RMB5,000,000 and RMB 10,000,000, respectively (approximately $759,414 and $1,518,818, respectively) within the first year of the Agreement as a security deposit. We expect to receive the deposits in September 2018.

 

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Production Capacity

 

The following table sets forth our current production capacity.

 

Subsidiary/branch   Location   Products   Production capacity    Notes
Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo   Zhouzhi county, Shaanxi province   Kiwi puree,
concentrated kiwi puree and fruit beverages
 

(1)

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

(3)

Sorting fresh fruits: 10 tons fresh fruits per hour;

 

Puree/concentrated puree: processing 20 tons of fresh fruits per hour;

 

Fruit beverages: producing 6,000 bottles per hour

  Approximately 1.5 tons of fresh fruits are used to produce 1 ton of puree; 4 to 4.5 tons of fresh fruits are used to produce 1 ton of concentrated puree
                   
Jingyang branch of SkyPeople (China)   Jingyang County, Xianyang City,
Shaanxi Province
  Concentrated apple and pear juice, concentrated kiwifruit juice and fruit-related products  

(1)

 

 

 

(2)

Concentrated apple/kiwi/pear juice: processing 40 tons of fresh fruits per hour;

 

Fructose: processing 10 tons of fresh fruits per hour

  All concentrated juice products are manufactured using the same type of production line with slight variations in processing methods
                   
Huludao Wonder*   Suizhong County, Huludao, Liaoning Province   Concentrated apple/pear juice Fruit juice beverages   (1) Concentrated fruit juice:   All concentrated juice products are manufactured using the same type of production line with slight variations in processing methods
                   
            (2) processing 30 tons of fresh fruits per hour Fruit juice beverages: producing 6,000 bottles/hour   On April 25, 2012, “China Food Production License” for production of Beverage (including fruit juice and vegetable juice) has been granted to Huludao Wonder by Liaoning Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision. Huludao Wonder commenced operation of fruit juice beverages production line on April 28, 2012.
                   
Yingkou   Gaotai Town, Gaizhou, Liaoning Province   Concentrated apple juice   (1) Processing 20 tons of fresh fruits per hour   All concentrated juice products are manufactured using the same type of production line with slight variations in processing methods.

 

* In December 2016, we established a restructuring plan to close Huludao Wonder Operation.

  

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Industry and Principal Markets

 

Global Market

 

The fruit juice processing industry is an emerging industry in the PRC. Consumption of fruit juice beverages has grown and sales have increased rapidly in recent years due to the increasing health consciousness of consumers and the natural and healthy qualities of fruit juice beverages. According to Information Management Research Centre, the global market for fruit juice and nectars has grown at a Compound Annual Growth Rate of around 1.6% during the period between 2009 and 2016, reaching a volume of 43.6 billion litres in 2016.

 

In the past ten years, the quantity and revenue of exported concentrated apple juice from China has continued to drop. In 2007, China exported 1.031 million tons of concentrated apple juice with a value of $1.233 billion, which accounted for 51.2% of the world total. In 2016, China exported only 506,563 tons of concentrated apple juice with a value of $0.546 billion. In 2016, the revenue of concentrated apply juice exported from China reduced by 2.55% compared with the previous year, and the volume of concentrated apply juice exported from China reduced by 6.91% compared with the previous year. The reduction of exported concentrated apple juice from China is mainly due to heavy competition in Europe. However, in 2017, due to lower material costs in China, the exported concentrated apple juice from China increased to 660,000 tons, an increase of 29.2% as compared to 2016, and the unit price reduced by 5.1% as compared to 2016.

 

The PRC Market

 

The PRC has the world’s largest population, but the consumption of fruit juice beverages is relatively low. According to the report “China Fruit Juice Beverages Business and Market Analysis” published by the PRC Food and Agriculture Export Association, www.Chinajuice.org, the annual per capita consumption of fruit beverages in the PRC in 2009 was approximately 1 kilogram, which accounted for only 13% of the average world per capita consumption and 4% of the average per capita consumption in industrialized countries. In 2010, Chinese fruit juice production reached 17 million tons, an increase of 20.6% compared to 2009. In 2016, fruit juice consumption was RMB100.9 billion, an increase of 1.88% as compared to the previous year. We believe that the increasing health consciousness of consumers and the quality of living powered by the PRC’s economic growth will continue to fuel the demand for our fruit juice products. However, the production of fruit juice in China reduced by 4.78% in 2016 as compared to 2015, which was largely the result of an increase in imported fruit juice and heavy competition in China consumer market.

 

Marketing, Sales and Distribution

 

We market our products through three primary methods: direct contact with foreign businesses, attendance at international exhibitions and sales made through trade websites. Our marketing and sales teams work closely together to maintain a consistent message to our customers.

 

The sales team is divided into three subdivisions, focusing on the sales of fruit juice concentrates, fruit beverage products and derivative products, respectively.

 

We sell our fruit juice concentrates both domestically and internationally, while we have only sold our fruit beverages domestically. We sell our products either indirectly through distributors with good credit history or directly to end-users.

 

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Our export business is primarily comprised of fruit juice concentrates. The export of our fruit juice concentrates is handled internally by our international trade department, which has 6 employees.

 

The North American and European markets represent a large portion of apple and pear concentrate consumption. The U.S. market is a highly mature market with stable growth for apple concentrate. The European market has been a target market since our inception. Apple concentrate is used to produce many beverages and wines consumed by Europeans. The Middle East is also a target market for our apple juice concentrate. Our sales of concentrated apple and pear juice in these markets have declined in the past few years, mainly due to the heavy competition in the international market.

 

The Chinese market drives our fruit beverage sales, with most beverages sold through provincial, city and county-level agents. We also sell directly to hotels, supermarkets and similar outlets in smaller quantities. Our fruit beverage sales are carried out by a team of 56 employees. Historically, we have only sold our fruit beverages regionally in Shaanxi Province and some neighboring cities in the PRC. We currently sell our fruit beverages to over 100 distributors and more than 20,000 retail stores in approximately 20 provinces. 

  

Our kiwifruit products are targeted at the European, Southeast Asian, South Korean, Japanese, Middle Eastern, Mainland Chinese and Taiwanese markets. The growth of our kiwifruit concentrate and kiwifruit beverages has exceeded the growth rate of any other product we offer. 

 

Competition

 

The markets in which we operate are competitive, rapidly evolving and subject to shifting customer demands and expectations. We believe that a number of companies are producing products that compete directly with our product offerings and some of our competitors have significantly more financial resources than we possess.

 

Our apple juice concentrate competitors include Sdic Zhounglu Fruit Juice Co., Ltd., Yantai North Andre (Group) Juice Co., Ltd., Shaanxi Hengxing Fruit Juice and Shaanxi Haisheng Juice Holdings Co., Ltd. We also compete with fruit juice companies such as Wahaha, Huiyuan, Nongfu Guoyuan, Tongyi and Meizhiyuan.

 

We believe our competitive advantages include our modern equipment and our proprietary processes for the production of specialty fruit juices or small breed fruit juices. Among the twenty one proprietary technologies, we have obtained ten design patents, nine invention patents for production and two Utility Model Patents for equipment. Our current specialty fruit juice offering includes kiwifruit and mulberry related juice products. We also have technologies to produce concentrated persimmon, turnjujube, apricot, cherry, cherry tomato, sea-buckthorn, strawberry and wolfberry juices. Our technology allows us to develop and produce beverages, such as our new mulberry and kiwifruit cider beverages, which we introduced in the Chinese market in the first quarter of 2009. Our research indicates that these new beverages have higher gross margins than that of the industry average. 

 

We believe the proximity of our manufacturing facilities to fruit farms is also one of our competitive advantages. It allows us to purchase fruit directly from fruit farmers, avoid the need for long distance transportation, minimize damages to the fruits and maximize the freshness of the fruits.

 

We produce fruit beverages from our fruit juice concentrates, which allows us to better control the quality of our beverages.

 

Raw Materials and Other Supplies

 

Fresh fruits, including apples, pears and kiwifruits are the primary raw materials for our products. The continuous supply of high quality fresh fruit is necessary for our current operations and our future business growth.

 

The PRC has the largest planting area of kiwifruit and apples in the world. Shaanxi Province, the location of two of our factories, has the largest planting area of kiwifruit and apples in the PRC. According to “Statistical Bulletin of Development of Fruit Industry in Shaanxi Province 2010,” in 2010, the kiwifruit planting area in Shaanxi Province was over 114,226 acres. In 2015, the kiwifruit planting area in Shaanxi Province was about 164,737 acres, with an output of 12.3 million tons, which is 20% of the world output and 33% of China’s total output. In 2016, the production of kiwifruit was 1.31 million tons, an increase of 5.5% as compared to the previous year. Pomegranate, strawberry, peach and cherry yields are also high in Shaanxi Province. Liaoning Province in the PRC, the location of our Huludao Wonder and Yingkou factories, abounds with high acidity apples. Other raw materials used in our business include pectic enzyme, amylase, auxiliary power fuels and other power sources such as coal, electricity and water.

 

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We purchase raw materials from local markets and fruit growers that deliver directly to our plants. We have implemented a fruit purchasing program in areas surrounding our factories. In addition, we organize purchasing centers in rich fruit production areas, helping farmers deliver fruit to our purchasing agents easily and in a timely manner. We are then able to deliver the fruit directly to our factory for production. We have assisted local farmers in their development of kiwifruit fields to help ensure a high quality product throughout the production channel. Our raw material supply chain is highly fragmented and raw fruit prices are highly volatile.

  

Shaanxi Province is a large agricultural and fruit producing province with sufficient resources to satisfy our raw material needs. Shaanxi Province is also the main pear-producing province in the PRC and its pear supply can generally meet our production requirements. Liaoning Province, the PRC’s center for high acidity apples, can generally supply enough apples to meet our Liaoning Province factory’s production needs.

 

In addition to raw materials, we purchase various ingredients and packaging materials such as sweeteners, glass and plastic bottles, cans and packing barrels. We generally purchase our materials or supplies from multiple suppliers. We are not dependent on any one supplier or group of suppliers.

 

On August 3, 2016, Shaanxi Guoweimei Kiwi Deep Processing Company, an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, signed a lease agreement for 20,000 mu (approximately 3,300 square acres) of kiwifruits orchard located in Mei County, Shaanxi Province, with the Di’erpo Committe of Jinqu Village, Mei County, Shaanxi for a term of 30 years, from August 5, 2016 to August 4, 2046. On August 15, 2016, Hedetang Agricultural Plantations (Yidu) Co., Ltd., an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, signed a lease agreement for 8000 mu (approximately 1,320 square acres) of orange orchard located in the city of Yidu, Hubei Province, with the Yidu Sichang Farmers Association, Hubei Province, for a term of 20 years, from September 22, 2016 to September 21, 2036. The Company believes that the leasing of the orchards will help ensure the quality and safety of its products and lower its costs.

 

Seasonality

 

We can only produce fruit juice concentrates during the squeezing season generally from July or August through April of the following year, while our fruit juice beverages can be produced year round. Annual capacity of our production lines varies based on the availability of the fresh fruit and is ultimately contingent on weather and other climatic conditions leading up to and through the harvest seasons. As a result, our fruit juice business is highly seasonal as sales of our products are generally higher during the squeezing season. Sales of our products during the months from March through July, or the non-squeezing season, generally tend to be lower due to a shortage of fresh fruit and a lower level of production activity. As such, our results of operations for the first and fourth quarters are generally stronger than those for our second and third quarters. We can produce fruit juice beverages year round.

 

We plan to broaden our fruit product offerings to expand into fruits with harvesting seasons complementary to our current fruits. This will enable us to lengthen our squeezing season, thus increasing our annual production of fruit concentrate and fruit juice beverages.

 

Government Regulation 

 

Our products are subject to central government regulation as well as provincial government regulation in Shaanxi, Hubei and Liaoning Provinces. Business and product licenses must be obtained through application to the central, provincial and local governments. We have obtained our business licenses to operate domestically and export products under the laws and regulations of the PRC. We obtained business licenses to conduct businesses, including an operating license to sell packaged foods such as concentrated fruit and vegetable juices, fruit sugar, fruit pectin, frozen and freeze dried fruits and vegetables, dehydrated fruits and vegetables, fruit and vegetable juice drinks, fruit cider and organic food. Business, company and product registrations are certified on a regular basis and we must comply with the laws and regulations of the PRC, provincial and local governments and industry agencies.

 

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In accordance with PRC laws and regulations, we are required to comply with applicable hygiene and food safety standards in relation to our production processes. Failure to pass these inspections, or the loss of or failure to renew our licenses and permits, could require us to temporarily or permanently suspend some or all of our production activities, which could disrupt our operations and adversely affect our business.

 

Chinese government recently tightened environment regulations, the Company is in the process of adapting the new standards and lots of our construction projects have been delayed.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We hold twenty-one active patents granted by the State Intellectual Property Office of the PRC, (“SIPO”). These include the following:

 

A crushing and peeling device (Patent No. ZL 201120445624.6)

 

A peeling and dirt removal device (Patent No. ZL 201120445621.2)

 

A kiwifruit cider beverage and its production method (Patent No. ZL 2009 1 0022739.1)

 

A production technology for strawberry juice concentrates (Patent No. ZL 2010 1 0209900.9)

 

A production technology for turnjujube juice concentrates (Patent No. ZL 2010 1 0108318.3)

 

A production technology for cherry juice concentrates (Patent No. ZL 2010 1 0209899.X)

 

A production technology for persimmon juice concentrates (Patent No. ZL 2010 1 0013613.0) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on January 16, 2013)

 

A production technology for medlar juice concentrates (Patent No. ZL 2010 1 0227315.1) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on April 24, 2013)

 

A production technology for sea-buckthorn juice concentrates (Patent No. ZL 2010 1 0227303.9) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on April 24, 2013)

 

A production technology for tomato cherry juice concentrates (Patent No. ZL 2010 1 0207254.2) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on March 6, 2013)

 

A production technology for apricot juice concentrates (Patent No. ZL 2010 1 0207253.8) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on April 9, 2014)

 

500 ml Hedetang-branded fruit juice beverages in glass bottle label (Patent No. ZL 2012302099757) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on May 30, 2012)

 

418 ml Hedetang-branded fruit juice beverages in glass bottle label (Patent No. ZL 2012302099935) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on May 30, 2012)

 

280 ml Hedetang-branded fruit juice beverages in glass bottle (Patent No. ZL 2012 3 0557344.4) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on April 24, 2013)

 

418 ml Hedetang-branded fruit juice beverages in glass bottle (Patent No. ZL 2012 3 0557424.X) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on April 3, 2013)

 

15

 

 

500 ml Hedetang-branded fruit juice beverages in glass bottle (Patent No. ZL 2012 3 0557301.6) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on March 20, 2013)

 

236 ml Hedetang-branded fruit juice beverages in glass bottle (Patent No. ZL 2014302060578) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on December 17, 2014)

 

888 ml fruit juice beverages in glass bottle (Patent No. ZL 2014 3 0206022.4) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on February 18, 2015)

 

Kiwifruits packing box (Patent No. ZL 2012 3 0561124.9) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on April 24, 2013)

 

418 ml fruits juice beverage packing box (Patent No. ZL 2012 3 0557226.3) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on April 3, 2013)

 

500 ml fruits juice beverage packing box (Patent No. ZL 2012 3 0557346.3) (granted to SkyPeople (China) on April 24, 2013)

 

We believe that these technologies are leading technologies in our industry.

 

In addition, using our proprietary technologies, we have developed flow-through capacitor membrane, reverse osmosis concentration and composite biological enzymolysis technology to clarify and remove murkiness from fruit juice. We believe that such are leading technologies in our industry.

 

We believe that our continued success and competitive status depend largely on our proprietary technology and ability to innovate. We have taken the required measures to protect the confidentiality of our proprietary technologies and processes. We rely on a combination of know-how, patent and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality agreements to protect our proprietary rights. We will take the necessary action to seek remuneration if we believe our intellectual property rights have been infringed upon. As of December 31, 2017, we held twenty-one active patents granted by SIPO related to breaking up and separating fruit peel; removing fruit peel and fruit hair; production of various concentrated fruit juice; and bottle tags, respectively. These patents have a duration of 10 years. However, we do not have patents on certain other intellectual property that we possess.

  

We also hold registered trademarks for our “Hedetang” brand with the Trademark Bureau of the State Administration for Industry and Commerce (“SAIC”) granted on September 14, 2008 in Category 29, Category 30, Category 31 and Category 32, and on April 21, 2009 in Category 5. The trademarks expire on September 13, 2018 and April 20, 2019, respectively, and can be extended upon expiration.

 

We hold registered trademarks for our “SkyPeople” brand with the Trademark Bureau of the SAIC in Category 30 and Category 32 with period of validity from May 14, 2011 to May 13, 2021, and in Category 31 with period of validity from September 7, 2011 to September 6, 2021. The registration of such trademarks can be extended upon expiration.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2017, we had approximately 205 full-time employees and approximately 3 part-time employees, all of whom are located in the PRC. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.

 

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ITEM 1A – RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in the Company’s common stock involves a high degree of risk. In addition to the following risk factors, you should carefully consider the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed herein, and in other documents that the Company subsequently files with the Securities and Exchange Commission, (the “Commission” or the “SEC”), that update, supplement or supersede such information for which documents are incorporated by reference into this Report. Additional risks not presently known to the Company, or which the Company considers immaterial based on information currently available, may also materially adversely affect the Company’s business. If any of the events anticipated by the risks described herein occur, the Company’s business, cash flow, results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected, which could result in a decline in the market price of the Company’s common stock, causing you to lose all or part of your investment.  

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

Our revenue and profitability are heavily dependent on prevailing prices for our products and raw materials, and if we are unable to effectively offset cost increases by adjusting the pricing of our products, our margins and operating income may decrease.

 

As a producer of commodities, our revenue, gross margins and cash flows from operations are substantially dependent on the prevailing prices we receive for our products and the cost of our raw materials, neither of which we control. The factors influencing the sales price of concentrated fruit juice include the supply price of fresh fruit, supply and demand of our products in international and domestic markets and competition in the fruit juice industry.

 

The price of our principal raw materials, fresh fruit, is subject to market volatility as a result of numerous factors including, but not limited to, general economic conditions, governmental regulations, weather, transportation delays and other uncertainties that are beyond our control. Due to such market volatility, we generally do not, nor do we expect to, have long-term contracts with our fresh fruit suppliers. Other significant raw materials used in our business include packing barrels, pectic enzyme, amylase and auxiliary materials such as coal, electricity and water. Prices for these items may be volatile as well and we may experience shortages in these items from time to time. As a result, we cannot guarantee that the necessary raw materials to produce our products will continue to be available to us at prices currently in effect or acceptable to us. In the event raw material prices increase materially, we may not be able to adjust our product prices, especially in the short term, to recover such cost increases. If we are not able to effectively offset these cost increases by adjusting the price of our products, our margins will decrease and earnings will suffer accordingly.

 

Weather and other environmental factors affect our raw material supply and a reduction in the quality or quantity of our fresh fruit supplies may have material adverse consequences on our financial results.

 

Our business may be adversely affected by weather and environmental factors beyond our control, such as adverse weather conditions during the growing or squeezing seasons. A significant reduction in the quantity or quality of fresh fruit harvested resulting from adverse weather conditions, disease or other factors could result in increased per unit processing costs and decreased production, with adverse financial consequences to us.

 

We sell our products primarily through distributors and delays in delivery or poor handling by distributors may affect our sales and damage our reputation.

 

We primarily sell our products through our distributors and rely on these distributors for the distribution of our products. These distributors are not obligated to continue to sell our products. Any disruptions in our relationships with our distributors could cause interruption to the supply of our products to retailers, which would harm our revenue and results of operations. In addition, delivery disruptions may occur for various reasons beyond our control, including poor handling by distributors or third party transport operators, transportation bottlenecks, natural disasters and labor strikes, and could lead to delayed or lost deliveries. Some of our products are perishable and poor handling by distributors and third party transport operators could also result in damage to our products that would make them unfit for sale. If our products are not delivered to retailers on time, or are delivered damaged, we may have to pay compensation, we could lose business and our reputation could be harmed.  

 

Because we experience seasonal fluctuations in our sales, our quarterly results will fluctuate and our annual performance will depend largely on results from our first and fourth quarters.

 

Our fruit juice business is highly seasonal, reflecting the harvest season of our primary source fruits from July or August of a year to April the following year. Typically, a substantial portion of our revenue is earned during our first and fourth quarters. We generally experience lower revenue during our second and third quarters. Generally, sales in the first and fourth quarters accounted for approximately 65% to 72% of our revenue of the whole year. If sales in our first and fourth quarters are lower than expected, our operating results would be adversely affected and it would have a disproportionately large impact on our annual operating results.

 

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If we are unable to gain market acceptance or significant market share for the new products we introduce, our results of operations and profitability could be adversely impacted.

 

Our future business and financial performance depends, in part, on our ability to successfully respond to consumer preferences by introducing new products and improving existing products. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to gain market acceptance or significant market share for our new products. Consumer preferences change, and any new products that we introduce may fail to meet the particular tastes or requirements of consumers, or may be unable to replace their existing preferences. Our failure to anticipate, identify or react to these particular tastes or changes could result in reduced demand for our products, which could in turn cause us to be unable to recover our development, production and marketing costs, thereby leading to a decline in our profitability.

 

The development and introduction of new products is key to our expansion strategy. We incur significant development and marketing costs in connection with the introduction of new products. Successfully launching and selling new products puts pressure on our sales and marketing resources, and we may fail to invest sufficient funds in order to market and sell a new product effectively. If we are not successful in marketing and selling new products, our results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

Economic conditions have had and may continue to have an adverse effect on consumer spending on our products.

 

The worldwide economy remains volatile and may contract in the near future. The adverse effect of a sustained international economic downturn, including sustained periods of decreased consumer spending, high unemployment levels, declining consumer or business confidence and continued volatility and disruption in the credit and capital markets, would likely result in reduced demand for our products as consumers turn to less expensive substitute goods or forego certain purchases altogether. To the extent an international economic downturn develops, we could experience a reduction in sales volume. If we are unable to reduce our operating costs and expenses proportionately, many of which are fixed, our results of operations would be adversely affected.

 

Concerns over food safety and public health may affect our operations by increasing our costs and negatively impacting demand for our products.

 

We could be adversely affected by diminishing confidence in the safety and quality of certain food products or ingredients. As a result, we may elect or be required to incur additional costs aimed at increasing consumer confidence in the safety of our products. For example, a crisis in the PRC over melamine contaminated milk in 2008 has adversely impacted Chinese food exports since October 2008, as reported by the Chinese General Administration of Customs, although most foods exported from the PRC were not significantly affected by the melamine contamination. In addition, our concentrated fruit juices exported to foreign countries must comply with quality standards in those countries. Our success depends on our ability to maintain the quality of our existing and new products. Product quality issues, real or imagined, or allegations of product contamination, even if false or unfounded, could tarnish the image of our brands and may cause consumers to choose other products.

 

We face increasing competition from both domestic and foreign companies, and any failure by us to compete effectively could adversely affect our results of operations.

 

The juice beverage industry is highly competitive, and we expect it to continue to become even more competitive. Our ability to compete in the industry depends, to a significant extent, on our ability to distinguish our products from those of our competitors by providing high quality products at reasonable prices that appeal to consumers’ tastes and preferences. There are currently a number of well-established companies producing products that compete directly with ours. Some of our competitors may have been in business longer than we have, may have substantially greater financial and other resources than we have and may be better established in their markets. We anticipate that our competitors will continue to improve their products and introduce new products with competitive price and performance characteristics.

 

18

 

 

We cannot guarantee that our current or potential competitors will not provide products comparable or superior to those we provide or adapt more quickly than we do to evolving industry trends or changing market requirements. It is also possible that there will be significant consolidation in the juice beverage industry among our competitors, and alliances may develop among competitors. These alliances may rapidly acquire significant market share, and some of our distributors may commence production of products similar to those we sell to them. Increased competition may result in price reductions, reduced margins and loss of market share, any of which could materially adversely affect our profit margins. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to compete effectively against current and future competitors. Aggressive marketing or pricing by our competitors or the entrance of new competitors into our markets could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

We may engage in future acquisitions involving significant expenditures of cash, the incurrence of debt or the issuance of stock, all of which could have a materially adverse effect on our operating results.

 

As part of our business strategy, we review acquisition and strategic investment prospects that we believe would complement our current product offerings, augment our market coverage, enhance our technological capabilities or otherwise offer growth opportunities. From time to time, we review investments in new businesses and we expect to make investments in, and to acquire, businesses, products or technologies in the future. In the event of any future acquisitions, we may expend significant cash, incur substantial debt and/or issue equity securities and dilute the percentage ownership of current shareholders, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and the price of our Common Stock. We cannot guarantee that we will be able to successfully integrate any businesses, products, technologies or personnel that we may acquire in the future, and our failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

We require various licenses and permits to operate our business, and the loss of or failure to renew any or all of these licenses and permits could materially adversely affect our business.

 

In accordance with PRC laws and regulations, we have been required to maintain various licenses and permits in order to operate our business at the relevant manufacturing facilities including, without limitation, industrial product production permits. We are required to comply with applicable hygiene and food safety standards in relation to our production processes. Our premises and transportation vehicles are subject to regular inspections by the regulatory authorities for compliance with the Detailed Rules for Administration and Supervision of Quality and Safety in Food Producing and Processing Enterprises. Failure to pass these inspections, or the loss of or failure to renew our licenses and permits, could require us to temporarily or permanently suspend some or all of our production activities, which could disrupt our operations and adversely affect our business.

 

Governmental regulations affecting the import or export of products could negatively affect our revenue.

 

The United States and various other governments have imposed controls, export license requirements and restrictions on the export of some of our products. Governmental regulation of exports, or our failure to obtain required export approval for our products, could harm our international sales and adversely affect our revenue and profits. In addition, failure to comply with such regulations could result in penalties, costs and restrictions on export privileges. Additionally, the new U.S. presidential administration has indicated that it may seek changes to or withdraw the United States from various international treaties and trade arrangements. Uncertainty regarding policies affecting global trade may make it difficult for our management to accurately forecast our business, and increases in the duties, tariffs and other charges imposed on our products by the United States or other countries in which on our products are sold, or other restraints on international trade, could negatively affect our business and the results of our operations.

  

We do not presently maintain product liability insurance, and our property and equipment insurance does not cover the full value of our property and equipment, which leaves us with exposure in the event of loss or damage to our properties or claims filed against us.

 

We currently do not carry any product liability or other similar insurance. Product liability claims and lawsuits in the PRC generally are still rare, unlike in some other countries. Product liability exposures and litigation, however, could become more commonplace in the PRC. Moreover, we have product liability exposure in countries in which we sell our products, such as the United States, where product liability claims are more prevalent. As we expand our international sales, our liability exposure will increase.

 

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We may be required from time to time to recall products entirely or from specific copackers, markets or batches. Although historically we have not had any recall of our products, we cannot guarantee that circumstances or incidents will not occur that will require us to recall our products. We do not maintain recall insurance. In the event we experience product liability claims or a product recall, our business operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

 

Our business and operations may be subject to disruption from work stoppages, terrorism or natural disasters.

 

Our operations may be subject to disruption for a variety of reasons, including work stoppages, acts of war, terrorism, pandemics, fire, earthquake, flooding or other natural disasters. If a major incident were to occur in either of the regions where our facilities or main offices are located, our facilities or offices or those of critical suppliers could be damaged or destroyed. Such a disruption could result in a reduction in available raw materials, the temporary or permanent loss of critical data, suspension of operations, delays in shipment of products and disruption of business generally, which would adversely affect our revenue and results of operations.

 

Our success depends substantially on the continued retention of certain key personnel and our ability to hire and retain qualified personnel in the future to support our growth.

 

If one or more of our senior executives or other key personnel are unable or unwilling to continue in their present positions, our business may be disrupted and our financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected. While we depend on the abilities and participation of our current management team generally, we rely particularly upon Mr. Yongke Xue, our chief executive officer (“CEO”); Mr. Hongke Xue, a member of the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”); and Mr. Hanjun Zheng, our interim chief financial officer (“CFO”). The loss of the services of Messrs. Yongke Xue, Hongke Xue or Hanjun Zheng for any reason could significantly adversely impact our business and results of operations. Competition for senior management and senior technology personnel in the PRC is intense and the pool of qualified candidates is very limited. Accordingly, we cannot guarantee that the services of our senior executives and other key personnel will continue to be available to us, or that we will be able to find a suitable replacement for them if they were to leave.

 

The relative lack of public company experience of our management team may put us at a competitive disadvantage.

 

Our management team lacks public company experience, which could impair our ability to comply with legal and regulatory requirements such as those imposed by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, (“Sarbanes-Oxley”). Our senior management does not have much experience managing a publicly traded company. Such responsibilities include complying with federal securities laws and making required disclosures on a timely basis. Our senior management may be unable to implement programs and policies in an effective and timely manner or that adequately respond to the increased legal, regulatory and reporting requirements associated with being a publicly traded company. Our failure to comply with all applicable requirements could lead to the imposition of fines and penalties, distract our management from attending to the management and growth of our business, result in a loss of investor confidence in our financial reports and have an adverse effect on our business and stock price.

  

As a public company, we are obligated to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting. Our internal controls may be determined not to be effective, which may adversely affect investor confidence in us and, as a result, decrease the value of our Common Stock.

 

The PRC has not adopted management and financial reporting concepts and practices similar to those in the United States. We may have difficulty in hiring and retaining a sufficient number of qualified finance and management employees to work in the PRC. As a result of these factors, we may experience difficulty in establishing and maintaining accounting and financial controls, collecting financial data, budgeting, managing our funds and preparing financial statements, books of account and corporate records and instituting business practices that meet investors’ expectations in the United States.

 

20

 

 

Rules adopted by the SEC, or the Commission, pursuant to Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404 require annual assessment of our internal controls over financial reporting. This requirement first applied to our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008. The standards that must be met for management to assess the internal controls over financial reporting as effective are relatively new and complex, and they require significant documentation, testing and possible remediation to meet the detailed standards. This assessment will need to include disclosure of any material weaknesses identified by our management in our internal control over financial reporting. During the evaluation and testing process, if we identify one or more material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, we will be unable to assert that our internal controls are effective. If we are unable to conclude that our internal control over financial reporting is effective, we could lose investor confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports, which could harm our business and cause the price of our Common Stock to decline.

 

We may need additional capital to fund our future operations and, if it is not available when needed, we may need to reduce our planned development and marketing efforts, which may reduce our sales revenue.

 

We believe that our existing working capital and cash available from operations will enable us to meet our working capital requirements for at least the next 12 months. However, if cash from future operations is insufficient, or if cash is used for acquisitions or other currently unanticipated uses, we may need additional capital. The development and marketing of new products and business and the expansion of distribution channels and associated support personnel require a significant commitment of resources. In addition, if the markets for our products develop more slowly than anticipated, or if we fail to establish significant market share and achieve sufficient net revenues, we may continue to consume significant amounts of capital. As a result, we could be required to raise additional capital. To the extent that we raise additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, the issuance of such securities could result in dilution of the shares held by existing stockholders. If additional funds are raised through the issuance of debt securities, such securities may provide the holders certain rights, preferences, and privileges senior to those of common stockholders, and the terms of such debt could impose restrictions on our operations. We cannot guarantee that additional capital, if required, will be available on acceptable terms, or at all. If we are unable to obtain sufficient amounts of additional capital, we may be required to reduce the scope of our planned product development and marketing efforts, which could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

We may not be able to prevent others from unauthorized use of our patents, which could harm our business and competitive position.

 

Our success depends, in part, on our ability to protect our proprietary technologies. We hold twenty one patents in the PRC covering our fruit processing technology. The process of seeking patent protection can be lengthy and expensive and we cannot guarantee that our existing or future issued patents will be sufficient to provide us with meaningful protection or commercial advantages. We also cannot guarantee that our current or potential competitors do not have, and will not obtain, patents that will prevent, limit or interfere with our ability to make or sell our products in the PRC or other countries.

 

The implementation and enforcement of PRC intellectual property laws historically have not been vigorous or consistent. Accordingly, intellectual property rights and confidentiality protections in the PRC are not as effective as those in the United States and other countries. We may need to resort to litigation to enforce or defend patents issued to us or to determine the enforceability, scope and validity of our proprietary rights or those of others. Such litigation will require significant expenditures of cash and management efforts and could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. An adverse determination in any such litigation will impair our intellectual property rights and may harm our business, competitive position, business prospects and reputation.

   

Our ecommerce business depends on the continued use of the Internet and the adequacy of the Internet infrastructure.

 

Our ecommerce business depends upon the widespread use of the Internet and ecommerce. Factors which could reduce the widespread use of the Internet for ecommerce include actual or perceived lack of security of information or privacy protection, cyberattacks or other disruptions or damage to the Internet or to users’ computers, significant increases in the costs of transportation of goods, and taxation and governmental regulation.

 

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Our ecommerce business depends on our Website, network infrastructure and transaction-processing systems.

 

Our ecommerce business is completely dependent on our infrastructure. Any system interruption that results in the unavailability of our Website or reduced performance of our transaction systems could reduce our ability to conduct our business. We use internally and externally developed systems for our Website and our transaction processing systems. We expect to experience system interruptions due to software failure. We may also experience temporary capacity constraints due to sharply increased traffic during sales or other promotions and during the holiday shopping season. Capacity constraints can cause system disruptions, slower response times, delayed page presentation, degradation in levels of customer service and other problems. We may also experience difficulties with our infrastructure upgrades. Any future difficulties with our transaction processing systems or difficulties upgrading, expanding or integrating aspects of our systems may cause system disruptions, slower response times, and degradation in levels of customer service, additional expense, impaired quality and speed of order fulfillment or other problems.

 

If the location where all of our computer and communications hardware is located is compromised, our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations could be harmed. If we suffer an interruption or degradation of services at the location for any reason, our business could be harmed. Our success, and in particular, our ability to successfully receive and fulfill orders and provide high-quality customer service, largely depends on the efficient and uninterrupted operation of our computer and communications systems. These limitations could have an adverse effect on our conversion rate and sales. Our disaster recovery plan may be inadequate, and we do not carry business interruption insurance to compensate us for the losses that could occur. Despite our implementation of network security measures, our servers are vulnerable to computer viruses, physical or electronic break-ins and similar disruptions, the occurrence of any of which could lead to interruptions, delays, loss of critical data or the inability to accept and fulfill customer orders. The occurrence of any of the foregoing risks could harm our business.

 

Our platform requires frequent updates on pricing from our vendors. If these updates are inaccurate or do not occur, there could be a negative influence on our business.

 

We update the prices of products listed on our site frequently through a third party vendor. If we are unable to obtain, or are not provided updated pricing information from our third party vendor, or if we fail to act on information provided by our third party vendor, then it could cause us to remedy the pricing difference to complete the transaction, or source the product from an alternative vendor at their price.

 

We are subject to cyber security risks and may incur increasing costs in an effort to minimize those risks and to respond to cyber incidents.

 

Our ecommerce business is entirely dependent on the secure operation of our website and systems as well as the operation of the Internet generally. Our business involves the storage and transmission of users’ proprietary information, and security breaches could expose us to a risk of loss or misuse of this information, litigation, and potential liability. A number of large Internet companies have suffered security breaches, some of which have involved intentional attacks. From time to time we and many other Internet businesses also may be subject to a denial of service attacks wherein attackers attempt to block customers’ access to our Website. If we are unable to avert a denial of service attack for any significant period, we could sustain substantial revenue loss from lost sales and customer dissatisfaction. We may not have the resources or technical sophistication to anticipate or prevent rapidly evolving types of cyber-attacks.

 

Cyberattacks may target us, our customers, our suppliers, banks, payment processors, ecommerce in general or the communication infrastructure on which we depend. If an actual or perceived attack or breach of our security occurs, customer and/or supplier perception of the effectiveness of our security measures could be harmed and we could lose customers, suppliers or both. Actual or anticipated attacks and risks may cause us to incur increasing costs, including costs to deploy additional personnel and protection technologies, train employees, and engage third party experts and consultants. A person who is able to circumvent our security measures might be able to misappropriate our or our users’ proprietary information, cause interruption in our operations, damage our computers or those of our users, or otherwise damage our reputation and business. Any compromise of our security could result in a violation of applicable privacy and other laws, significant legal and financial exposure, damage to our reputation, and a loss of confidence in our security measures, which could harm our business.

 

22

 

 

Our shift in focus towards the development of blockchain-based applications and technologies could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

We recently announced our intention to pursue a strategy to embrace the growth potential and technological capabilities of blockchain technology, a rapidly evolving technology in which we have limited operational history or experience. Our focus on blockchain technology subjects us to risks associated with the use of new and novel technologies, including technical, operational, financial, regulatory, legal and reputational risks, as well as the risk that we may be unable to timely develop our blockchain-based applications or technologies or market, license or sell our blockchain-based applications or technologies successfully or profitably. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be able to hire or retain well-qualified individuals with experience in the blockchain industry or that our assessment of individuals we retain will be correct. These individuals may be unfamiliar with the requirements of being involved in a public company which could cause us to have to expend time and resources helping them become familiar with such requirements. This could be expensive and time-consuming and could lead to various regulatory issues which may adversely affect our operations.

 

The blockchain related products and services that we are developing have the potential to be used in ways we do not intend, including for criminal or other illegal activities.

 

Blockchain-related products and services, in particular cryptocurrencies, have the potential to be used for financial crimes or other illegal activities. Because the blockchain platform that we are developing is novel, there are uncertainties regarding any legal and regulatory requirements for preventing blockchain-related products and services from being put to such uses, and there are uncertainties regarding the liabilities and risks to the Company if we are unable to prevent such uses. Even if we comply with all laws and regulations regarding financial and blockchain related products and services, we have no ability to ensure that our customers, partners or others to whom we license or sell our products and services comply with all laws and regulations applicable to them and their transactions. Any negative publicity we receive regarding any allegations of unlawful uses of our blockchain platform could damage our reputation. More generally, any negative publicity regarding unlawful uses of blockchain technology in the marketplace could reduce the demand for our products and services. The occurrence of any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on our financial results and business.

 

The regulatory regime governing blockchain technologies, cryptocurrencies, digital assets, and offerings of digital assets is uncertain, and new regulations or policies may materially adversely affect the development and the value of such cryptocurrencies and assets.

 

Regulation of digital assets, cryptocurrencies, blockchain technologies, cryptocurrency exchanges and the blockchain platform we are developing is currently undeveloped and likely to rapidly evolve as government agencies take greater interest in them. Regulation also varies significantly among international, federal, state and local jurisdictions and is subject to significant uncertainty. Various legislative and executive bodies in the United States and in other countries may in the future adopt laws, regulations, or guidance, or take other actions, which may severely impact the permissibility of tokens generally and the technology behind them or the means of transaction or in transferring them. Failure by our subsidiaries to comply with any laws, rules and regulations, some of which may not exist yet or are subject to interpretation and may be subject to change, could result in a variety of adverse consequences, including civil penalties and fines.

 

23

 

 

The further development and acceptance of blockchain trading platforms, which are part of a new and rapidly changing industry, are subject to a variety of factors that are difficult to evaluate. The slowing or stopping of the development or acceptance of blockchain trading platforms would have a material adverse effect on our business plans and could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

The growth of the blockchain industry in general is subject to a high degree of uncertainty. The factors affecting the further development of the cryptocurrency and cryptosecurity industry, as well as blockchain trading platforms, include, without limitation:

 

  worldwide growth in the adoption and use of cryptocurrencies, cryptosecurities, and other blockchain technologies;

 

  government and quasi-government regulation of cryptocurrencies, cryptosecurities, and other blockchain assets and their use, or restrictions on or regulation of access to and operation of blockchain networks or similar systems;

 

  the maintenance and development of the open-source software protocol of cryptocurrency or cryptosecurities networks;

 

  changes in consumer demographics and public tastes and preferences;

 

  the availability and popularity of other forms or methods of buying and selling goods and services, or trading assets including new means of using government-backed currencies or existing networks;

 

  general economic conditions and the regulatory environment relating to cryptocurrencies and cryptosecurities; and

 

  a decline in the popularity or acceptance of cryptocurrencies or other blockchain-based tokens.

 

The cryptocurrency and cryptosecurities industries as a whole have been characterized by rapid changes and innovations and are constantly evolving. Although it has experienced significant growth in recent years, the slowing or stopping of the development, general acceptance and adoption and usage of blockchain networks and blockchain assets may materially adversely affect our business plans.

 

Intellectual property infringement claims may adversely impact our results of operations.

 

As we develop and introduce new products, we may be increasingly subject to claims of infringement of another party’s intellectual property. If a claim for infringement is brought against us, such claim may require us to modify our products, cease selling certain products or engage in litigation to determine the validity and scope of such claims. Any of these events may harm our business and results of operations.

 

24

 

 

If our costs and demands upon management increase disproportionately to the growth of our business and revenue as a result of complying with the laws and regulations affecting public companies, our operating results could be harmed.

 

As a public company, we do and will continue to incur significant legal, accounting, investor relations and other expenses, including costs associated with public company reporting requirements. We also have incurred and will incur costs associated with current corporate governance requirements, including requirements under Section 404 and other provisions of Sarbanes-Oxley, as well as rules implemented by the SEC and the stock exchange on which our Common Stock is traded. The expenses incurred by public companies for reporting and corporate governance purposes have increased dramatically over the past several years. These rules and regulations have increased our legal and financial compliance costs substantially and make some activities more time consuming and costly. If our costs and demands upon management increase disproportionately to the growth of our business and revenue, our operating results could be harmed.

 

There are inherent uncertainties involved in estimates, judgments and assumptions used in the preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP. Any changes in estimates, judgments and assumptions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“U.S. GAAP”) involves making estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets (including intangible assets), liabilities and related reserves, revenue, expenses and income. Estimates, judgments and assumptions are inherently subject to change in the future, and any such changes could result in corresponding changes to the amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses and income. Any such changes could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

We are subject to the risk of increased income taxes, which could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

We base our tax position upon the anticipated nature and conduct of our business and upon our understanding of the tax laws of the various countries in which we have assets or conduct activities. However, our tax position is subject to review and possible challenge by tax authorities and to possible changes in law, which may have retroactive effect. We currently operate through Pacific, a wholly-owned subsidiary organized under the laws of Vanuatu and SkyPeople (China), a 73.42% owned subsidiary of Pacific organized under the laws of the PRC, and we maintain manufacturing operations in the PRC. Any of these jurisdictions could assert tax claims against us. We cannot determine in advance the extent to which some jurisdictions may require us to pay taxes or make payments in lieu of taxes. If we become subject to additional taxes in any jurisdiction, such tax treatment could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

Increases in income tax rates, changes in income tax laws or disagreements with tax authorities could adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

  

We are subject to income taxes in the United States and in certain foreign jurisdictions in which we operate. Increases in income tax rates or other changes in income tax laws that apply to our business could reduce our after-tax income from such jurisdiction and could adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. Our operations outside the United States generate a significant portion of our income. In addition, the United States and many of the other countries in which our products are distributed or sold, including countries in which we have significant operations, have recently made or are actively considering changes to existing tax laws. For example, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “TCJ Act”) was recently signed into law in the United States. The changes in the TCJ Act are broad and complex and we are continuing to examine the impact the TCJ Act may have on our business and financial results. In accordance with applicable SEC guidance, we recorded a provisional net tax expense in the fourth quarter of 2017 resulting from the enactment of the TCJ Act. This provisional expense is subject to change, possibly materially, due to, among other things, changes in estimates, interpretations and assumptions we have made, changes in Internal Revenue Service (IRS) interpretations, the issuance of new guidance, legislative actions, changes in accounting standards or related interpretations in response to the TCJ Act and future actions by states within the United States that have not yet adopted state-level laws similar to the TCJ Act.

 

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Additional changes in the U.S. tax regime or in how U.S. multinational corporations are taxed on foreign earnings, including changes in how existing tax laws are interpreted or enforced, could adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

We are also subject to regular reviews, examinations and audits by the IRS and other taxing authorities with respect to income and non-income based taxes both within and outside the United States. Economic and political pressures to increase tax revenues in jurisdictions in which we operate, or the adoption of new or reformed tax legislation or regulation, may make resolving tax disputes more difficult and the final resolution of tax audits and any related litigation could differ from our historical provisions and accruals, resulting in an adverse impact on our business, financial condition or results of operations. In addition, in connection with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development Base Erosion and Profit Shifting project, companies are required to disclose more information to tax authorities on operations around the world, which may lead to greater audit scrutiny of profits earned in various countries.

 

Risks Related to Doing Business in the PRC

 

Inflation in the PRC could negatively affect our profitability and growth.

 

The rapid growth of China’s economy has been uneven among economic sectors and geographic regions of the country. China’s economy grew at an annual rate of 6.9% in 2017, as measured by the year-over-year change in gross domestic product, or GDP, according to the National Bureau of Statistics of China. Rapid economic growth can lead to growth in the money supply and rising inflation. The inflation rate in China was approximately 7.5% in 2017 as reported by National Bureau of Statistics, and is expected to increase. If prices for our products and services fail to rise at a rate sufficient to compensate for the increased costs of supplies, such as raw materials, due to inflation, it may have an adverse effect on our profitability. 

 

Furthermore, in order to control inflation in the past, the PRC government has imposed controls on bank credits, limits on loans for property, plant and equipment and restrictions on state bank lending. The implementation of such policies may impede future economic growth. The People’s Bank of China has effected increases in interest rates in response to inflationary concerns in the China’s economy. If the central bank again raises interest rates from current levels, economic activity in China could further slow and, in turn, materially increase our costs and reduce demand for our products and services.

 

We face the risk that changes in the policies of the PRC government could have a significant impact upon the business we may be able to conduct in the PRC and the profitability of such business.

 

We conduct substantially all of our operations and generate most of our revenue in the PRC. Accordingly, economic, political and legal developments in the PRC will significantly affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. The PRC economy is in transition from a planned economy to a market oriented economy subject to plans adopted by the government that set national economic development goals. Policies of the PRC government can have significant effects on economic conditions in the PRC. While we believe that the PRC will continue to strengthen its economic and trading relationships with foreign countries and that business development in the PRC will continue to follow market forces, we cannot guarantee that this will be the case. Our interests may be adversely affected by changes in policies by the PRC government, including:

 

  ●  changes in laws, regulations or their interpretation;

 

  confiscatory taxation;
     
  restrictions on currency conversion, imports or sources of supplies;
     
  expropriation or nationalization of private enterprises; and
     
  the allocation of resources.

 

Although the PRC government has been pursuing economic reform policies for more than two decades, the PRC government continues to exercise significant control over economic growth in the PRC through the allocation of resources, controlling payments of foreign currency, setting monetary policy and imposing policies that impact particular industries in different ways. We cannot guarantee that the PRC government will continue to pursue policies favoring a market oriented economy or that existing policies will not be significantly altered, especially in the event of a change in leadership, social or political disruption, or other circumstances affecting political, economic and social life in the PRC.

  

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The original incorporation of SkyPeople (China) as a joint stock company in 2001 did not obtain all required approvals from the PRC government authorities pursuant to the relevant PRC law effective at the time, and we may be subject to various penalties under the law retroactively.

 

The original incorporation of SkyPeople (China) (under the original name of Xi’an Zhonglv Ecology Science and Technology Industry Co., Ltd.) as a joint stock company in 2001 was approved by the Xi’an Municipal People’s Government. However, according to the applicable PRC Company Law that was in force in 2001, the incorporation of SkyPeople (China) as a joint stock company shall be subject to the approval by the government authority of Shaanxi Province. Pursuant to the PRC Company Law which was in force in 2001, if company stocks is arbitrarily issued without obtaining the approval of the relevant competent authorities stipulated under the law, the parties concerned may be ordered to cease the issuance of the stock, refund the raised capital and the interests accrued therefrom, and may be subject to a fine of no less than one percent but no more than five percent of the amount of the raised capital. As such, SkyPeople (China) may be subject to any or all of the foregoing penalties as provided under the PRC Company Law effective in 2001 should the relevant government authorities choose to enforce the law retroactively.

 

However, we believe that the regulatory authorities may consider the following factors as mitigating factors if such authorities choose to enforce the applicable laws:

 

(i) the incorporation of SkyPeople (China) obtained the approval by the Xi’an local government. As general practice in approval procedures, the applicants may only be able to first approach the Xi’an local government authority in order to acquire the approval by a higher level government authority, and would generally rely on the Xi’an local government to then submit the application to a higher level authority for its final approval; and

 

(ii) the trend of the PRC Company Law is to deregulate the approvals on the incorporation of joint stock companies in China. In particular, the current PRC Company Law, effective since January 1, 2006, has eliminated the relevant approval requirement relating to the incorporation of joint stock companies. Instead, the current PRC Company Law merely requires a registration with the competent Administration for Industry and Commerce in connection with the incorporation of joint stock companies in the PRC as long as the stock is not issued to the public.

 

In addition, if needed in the future, we may make efforts to seek a written confirmation from the Shaanxi Provencal People’s Government regarding its ratification of the original incorporation of SkyPeople (China) as a joint stock company.

 

Our current manufacturing operations are subject to various environmental protection laws and regulations issued by the central and local governmental authorities, and we cannot guarantee that we have fully complied with all such laws and regulations. In addition, changes in the existing laws and regulations or additional or stricter laws and regulations on environmental protection in the PRC may cause us to incur significant capital expenditures, and we cannot guarantee that we will be able to comply with any such laws and regulations.

 

We carry out our business in an industry that is subject to PRC environmental protection laws and regulations. These laws and regulations require enterprises engaged in manufacturing and construction that may cause environmental waste to adopt effective measures to control and properly dispose of waste gases, waste water, industrial waste, dust and other environmental waste materials, as well as fee payments from producers discharging waste substances. Fines may be levied against producers causing pollution.  Although we have made efforts to comply with such laws and regulations, we cannot guarantee that we have fully complied with all such laws and regulations. Except for Yingkou, all of our operating facilities hold a Pollution Emission Permit. The failure of complying with such laws or regulations may subject us to various administrative penalties such as fines. If the circumstances of the breach are serious, the central government of the PRC, including all governmental subdivisions, has the discretion to cease or close any operations failing to comply with such laws or regulations. There can also be no assurance that the PRC government will not change the existing laws or regulations or impose additional or stricter laws or regulations, compliance with which may cause us to incur significant capital expenditure, which we may be unable to pass on to our customers through higher prices for our products. In addition, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to comply with any such laws and regulations.

 

Changes in existing PRC food hygiene and safety laws may cause us to incur additional costs to comply with the more stringent laws and regulations, which could have an adverse impact on our financial position.

 

Manufacturers within the PRC beverage industry are subject to compliance with PRC food hygiene laws and regulations. These food hygiene and safety laws require all enterprises engaged in the production of juice and other beverages to obtain a food production license for each of their production facilities. They also set out hygiene and safety standards with respect to food and food additives, packaging and containers, information to be disclosed on packaging as well as hygiene requirements for food production and sites, facilities and equipment used for the transportation and sale of food. Failure to comply with PRC food hygiene and safety laws may result in fines, suspension of operations, loss of business licenses and, in more extreme cases, criminal proceedings against an enterprise and its management. Although we comply with current food hygiene laws, in the event that the PRC government increases the stringency of such laws, our production and distribution costs may increase, which could adversely impact our financial position. 

 

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We benefit from various forms of government subsidies and grants, the withdrawal of which could affect our operations.

 

Certain of our subsidiaries have received government subsidies from local governments. We recognized $0.19 million and $0.03 million in government subsidies for fiscal years 2017 and 2016, respectively. Past government grants or subsidies are not indicative of what we will obtain in the future. We cannot guarantee that we will continue to be eligible for government grants or other forms of government support. In the event that we are no longer eligible for grants, subsidies or other government support, our business and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

PRC laws and regulations governing our current business operations are sometimes vague and uncertain and any changes in such laws and regulations may harm our business.

 

There are substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of PRC laws and regulations including, but not limited to, the laws and regulations governing our business and the enforcement and performance of our arrangements with customers in certain circumstances. We are considered foreign persons or foreign funded enterprises under PRC laws and, as a result, we are required to comply with PRC laws and regulations related to foreign persons and foreign funded enterprises. These laws and regulations are sometimes vague and may be subject to future changes, and their official interpretation and enforcement may involve substantial uncertainty. The effectiveness of newly enacted laws, regulations or amendments may be delayed, resulting in detrimental reliance. New laws and regulations that affect existing and proposed future businesses may also be applied retroactively. We cannot predict what effect the interpretation of existing or new PRC laws or regulations may have on our business.

 

We could be restricted from paying dividends to shareholders due to PRC laws and other contractual requirements.

 

We are a holding company incorporated in the State of Florida and do not have any assets or conduct any business operations other than our investments in our subsidiaries and affiliates.  As a result of our holding company structure, we rely entirely on dividend payments from SkyPeople (China).  PRC accounting standards and regulations currently permit payment of dividends only out of accumulated profits, a portion of which is required to be set aside for certain reserve funds.  Furthermore, if SkyPeople (China) incurs debt on its own in the future, the instruments governing the debt may restrict its ability to pay dividends or make other payments.  Although we do not intend to pay dividends in the future, our inability to receive all of the revenue from SkyPeople (China)’s operations may provide an additional obstacle to our ability to pay dividends if we so decide in the future.

 

Governmental control of currency conversion may affect the value of shareholder investments.

 

The PRC government imposes controls on the convertibility of RMB into foreign currencies and, in certain cases, the remittance of currency out of the PRC.  RMB is currently not a freely convertible currency.  Shortages in the availability of foreign currency may restrict our ability to remit sufficient foreign currency to satisfy foreign currency obligations.  Under existing PRC foreign exchange regulations, payments of current account items, including profit distributions, interest payments and expenditures from the transaction, can be made in foreign currencies without prior approval by complying with certain procedural requirements.  Approval from appropriate governmental authorities, however, is required where RMB is to be converted into foreign currency and remitted out of the PRC to pay capital expenses such as the repayment of bank loans denominated in foreign currencies.  In addition, the PRC government could restrict access to foreign currencies for current account transactions in the future.  If the foreign exchange control system prevents us from obtaining sufficient foreign currency to satisfy our currency demands, we may not be able to pay certain of our expenses as they come due.

 

The fluctuation of the RMB may harm shareholder investments.

 

The value of the RMB against the U.S. dollar and other currencies may fluctuate and is affected by, among other things, changes in the PRC’s political and economic conditions.  Any significant revaluation of the RMB may materially and adversely affect our cash flows, revenue and financial condition.  For example, to the extent that we need to convert U.S. dollars we receive from an offering of our securities into RMB for our operations, appreciation of the RMB against the U.S. dollar would diminish the value of the proceeds of the offering and could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.  Conversely, if we decide to convert our RMB into U.S. dollars for business purposes and the U.S. dollar appreciates against the RMB, the U.S. dollar equivalent of the RMB we convert would be reduced.  In addition, the depreciation of significant U.S. dollar denominated assets could result in a charge to our income statement and a reduction in the value of these assets.

 

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PRC regulations relating to mergers and the establishment of offshore special purpose companies by PRC residents, if applied to us, may limit our ability to operate our business as we see fit.

 

On August 8, 2006, six Chinese regulatory agencies, namely, MOFCOM, the State Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, the State Administration for Taxation (“SAT”), SAIC, the Securities Regulatory Commission (“CSRC”) and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”), jointly promulgated the Regulation on Mergers and Acquisitions of Domestic Companies by Foreign Investors, generally referred to as the 2006 M&A Rules, which became effective on September 8, 2006. The 2006 M&A Rules, among other things, govern the approval process by which an offshore investor may participate in an acquisition of assets or equity interests of a Chinese domestic company. Depending on the structure of the transaction, the 2006 M&A Rules require the transaction parties to make a series of applications to the government agencies. In some instances, the application process may require the presentation of economic data concerning a transaction, including appraisals of the target business and evaluations of the acquirer, which are designed to allow the government to assess the transaction. Under certain circumstances, government approvals will have expiration dates by which a transaction must be completed and reported to the government agencies. Compliance with the 2006 M&A Rules will be more time consuming and expensive than in the past, and the government can exert more control over the combination of two businesses under the 2006 M&A Rules. As a result of any potential application of the 2006 M&A Rules, our ability to engage in business combination transactions in the PRC has become significantly more complicated, time consuming and expensive, and we may not be able to negotiate a transaction that is acceptable to us or sufficiently protective of our interests in a transaction.

 

In October 2005, SAFE issued the Notice on Relevant Issues in the Foreign Exchange Control over Financing and Return Investment Through Special Purpose Companies by Residents Inside the PRC, generally referred to as Circular 75. Circular 75 requires Chinese residents to register with an applicable branch of SAFE before establishing or acquiring control over an offshore special purpose company for the purpose of engaging in an equity financing outside of the PRC that is supported by domestic Chinese assets originally held by those residents. Following the issuance of Circular 75, SAFE issued internal implementing guidelines for Circular 75 in June 2007. These implementing guidelines, known as Notice 106, effectively expanded the reach of Circular 75 by:

 

  purporting to regulate the establishment or acquisition of control by Chinese residents of offshore entities which merely acquire “control” over domestic companies or assets, even in the absence of legal ownership;
     
  adding requirements relating to the source of the Chinese resident’s funds used to establish or acquire the offshore entity;
     
  regulating the use of existing offshore entities for offshore financings;
     
  purporting to regulate situations in which an offshore entity establishes a new subsidiary in the PRC or acquires an unrelated company or unrelated assets in the PRC;
     
  making the domestic affiliate of the offshore entity responsible for the accuracy of certain documents which must be filed in connection with any such registration, notably, the business plan which describes the overseas financing and the use of proceeds; and
     
  requiring that the registrant establish that all foreign exchange transactions undertaken by the offshore entity and its affiliates were in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

 

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In July 2014, SAFE promulgated the Notice of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on the Administration of Foreign Exchange Involved in Overseas Investment, Financing and Return on Investment Conducted by Residents in China via Special-Purpose Companies, or Circular 37, which replaced the former circular commonly known as Circular 75 promulgated by SAFE in October 2005. Circular 37 requires PRC residents to register with local branches of SAFE in connection with their direct establishment or indirect control of an offshore entity, for the purpose of overseas investment and financing, with such PRC residents’ legally owned assets or equity interests in domestic enterprises or offshore assets or interests, referred to in Circular 37 as a “special purpose vehicle.” Circular 37 further requires amendment to the registration in the event of any significant changes with respect to the special purpose vehicle, such as an increase or decrease of capital contributed by PRC individuals, share transfer or exchange, merger, division or other material event. In the event that a PRC shareholder holding interests in a special purpose vehicle fails to fulfill the required SAFE registration, the PRC subsidiaries of that special purpose vehicle may be prohibited from making profit distributions to the offshore parent and from carrying out subsequent cross-border foreign exchange activities, and the special purpose vehicle may be restricted in its ability to contribute additional capital into its PRC subsidiary. Furthermore, failure to comply with the various SAFE registration requirements described above could result in liability under PRC law for evasion of foreign exchange controls.

 

In February 2015, SAFE released the Notice of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on Further Simplifying and Improving the Policies of Foreign Exchange Administration Applicable to Direct Investment, or Circular 13, which has amended Circular 37 by requiring PRC residents or entities to register with qualified banks rather than SAFE or its local branch in connection with their establishment or control of an offshore entity established for the purpose of overseas investment or financing.

 

No assurance can be given that our shareholders who are the residents as defined in Circular 37 and who own or owned our shares have fully complied with, and will continue to comply with, all applicable registration and approval requirements of Circular 37 in connection with their equity interests in us and our acquisition of equity interests in our PRC based subsidiaries by virtue of our acquisition of Pacific. Moreover, because of uncertainty over how Circular 37 will be interpreted and implemented, and how or whether SAFE will apply it to us following the Pacific acquisition, we cannot predict how it will affect our business operations or future strategies. For example, the ability of our present and prospective PRC subsidiaries to conduct foreign exchange activities, such as the remittance of dividends and foreign currency denominated borrowings, may be subject to compliance with Circular 37 by our Chinese resident beneficial holders. In addition, such Chinese residents may not always be able to complete the necessary registration procedures required by Circular 37. We have little control over our present or prospective direct or indirect shareholders /beneficial owners or the outcome of such registration procedures. If our Chinese shareholders/beneficial owners or the Chinese shareholders/beneficial owners of the target companies we acquired in the past or will acquire in the future fail to comply with Circular 37 and related regulations, and if SAFE requires it, they may be subject to fines or legal sanctions, and Chinese authorities could restrict our investment activities in the PRC, limit our subsidiaries’ ability to make distributions or pay dividends, or affect the ownership structure, which could adversely affect business and prospects. 

 

Our acquisition of SkyPeople (China) could constitute a Round-trip Investment under the 2006 M&A Rules.

 

Prior to obtaining the MOFCOM approval on September 3, 2007 and Xi’an AIC approval on October 18, 2007, and prior to the full payment of the purchase price by Pacific for 99% of SkyPeople (China)’s capital stock, SkyPeople (China) was a PRC business some of whose shareholders were PRC individuals including Hongke Xue, chairman of SkyPeople (China). When Pacific was incorporated on November 30, 2006 and when the SkyPeople (China) acquisition was approved, none of the shareholders of Pacific were PRC citizens. Immediately after the consummation of the share exchange, shareholders of Pacific became our shareholders, including Fancylight, our controlling shareholder. To incentivize Mr. Hongke Xue in connection with the continuous development of SkyPeople (China)’s business, a call option agreement was entered into between Fancylight and Mr. Hongke Xue on February 25, 2008 pursuant to which Mr. Xue had the opportunity to acquire a majority of our Common Stock held by Fancylight. Mr. Xue and Fancylight also entered into a voting trust agreement pursuant to which Mr. Xue has the right to vote such shares on Fancylight’s behalf.

 

The PRC regulatory authorities may take the view that the SkyPeople (China) acquisition, the share exchange transaction and the call option and voting trust arrangements are part of an overall series of arrangements which constitute a round-trip investment regulated by the 2006 M&A Rules, because at the end of these transactions the same PRC individual who controlled SkyPeople (China) became the effective controlling party of a foreign entity that acquired ownership of SkyPeople (China). The PRC regulatory authorities may also take the view that the approval of the SkyPeople (China) acquisition by the MOFCOM and the registration of such acquisition with the AIC in Xi’an AIC may not be evidence that the SkyPeople (China) acquisition has been properly approved because the relevant parties did not fully disclose to the MOFCOM or AIC the overall restructuring arrangements. If the PRC regulatory authorities take the view that the SkyPeople (China) acquisition constitutes a round-trip investment under the 2006 M&A Rules, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to obtain the required MOFCOM approval.

 

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If the PRC regulatory authorities take the view that the SkyPeople (China) acquisition constitutes a round-trip investment without MOFCOM approval on such round-trip investment, they could invalidate our acquisition and ownership of SkyPeople (China).

 

Additionally, the 2006 M&A Rules also purport to require that an offshore special purpose vehicle (” SPV”) formed for listing purposes and controlled directly or indirectly by PRC companies or individuals shall obtain the approval of the CSRC prior to the listing and trading of such SPV’s securities on an overseas stock exchange. On September 21, 2006, the CSRC published on its official website procedures specifying documents and materials required to be submitted to it by SPVs seeking CSRC approval of their overseas listings. However, the application of this PRC regulation remains unclear, with no consensus currently existing regarding the scope and applicability of the CSRC approval requirement. Given that we established our PRC subsidiaries by means of direct investments, we believe that these regulations do not require an application to be submitted to the CSRC for the approval of the listing and trading of our stock on the NASDQ Global Market, unless we are clearly required to do so by subsequently promulgated rules of the CSRC. If the CSRC or another PRC regulatory agency subsequently determines that CSRC approval was required for the offerings, we may need to apply for a remedial approval from the CSRC and may be subject to certain administrative punishments or other sanctions from these regulatory agencies. The regulatory agencies may take actions that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, reputation and prospects, as well as the trading price of our stock.

 

We believe that if this takes place, we may be able to find a way to reestablish control of SkyPeople (China)’s business operations through a series of contractual arrangements rather than an outright purchase of SkyPeople (China). But we cannot guarantee that such contractual arrangements will be protected by PRC law or that we can receive as complete or effective economic benefit and overall control of SkyPeople (China)’s business than if we had direct ownership of SkyPeople (China). In addition, we cannot guarantee that such contractual arrangements can be successfully implemented under PRC law. If we cannot obtain approval from MOFCOM and/or CSRC if required by the PRC regulatory authorities to do so, and if we cannot put in place or enforce relevant contractual arrangements as an alternative and equivalent means of control of SkyPeople (China), our business and financial performance will be materially adversely affected.

 

Because our principal assets are located outside of the United States, it may be difficult for investors to use U.S. securities laws to enforce their rights against us, our officers and some of our directors in the United States or to enforce judgments of United States courts against us or them in the PRC.

 

All of our present officers and directors reside outside of the United States. In addition, SkyPeople (China) is located in the PRC and substantially all of its assets are located outside of the United States. Therefore, it may be difficult for investors in the United States to enforce their legal rights based on the civil liability provisions of the U.S. securities laws against us in the courts of either the United States or the PRC and, even if civil judgments are obtained in courts of the United States, to enforce such judgments in the PRC courts. Further, it is unclear if extradition treaties now in effect between the United States and the PRC would permit effective enforcement against us or our officers and directors of criminal penalties under the U.S. Federal securities laws or otherwise.

 

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

 

We are authorized to issue blank check preferred stock, which may be issued without shareholder approval and which may adversely affect the rights of holders of our Common Stock.

 

We are authorized to issue 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock. The Board is authorized under our articles of incorporation, as amended, to provide for the issuance of shares of preferred stock by resolution and by filing a certificate of designations under Florida law, to fix the designation, powers, preferences and rights of the shares of each such series of preferred stock and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof without any further vote or action by the shareholders. The Board previously designated and issued 1,000,000 shares of Series A preferred stock which were automatically converted into our Common Stock upon the effective date of our two-for-three reverse split and returned to the status of authorized and unissued shares of preferred stock following the reverse split. As of December 31, 2017 there were no shares of Series A preferred stock issued and outstanding. Any shares of preferred stock that are issued are likely to have priority over our Common Stock with respect to dividend or liquidation rights. In the event of issuance, the preferred stock could be utilized under certain circumstances as a method of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change in control, which could have the effect of discouraging bids to acquire us and thereby prevent shareholders from receiving the maximum value for their shares. We have no present intention to issue any additional shares of preferred stock in order to discourage or delay a change of control or for any other reason. However, there can be no assurance that preferred stock will not be issued at some time in the future. 

 

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Zeyao Xue has control over key decision making as a result of his control of a substantial amount of our voting stock.

 

Zeyao Xue, the son of our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors, indirectly and directly beneficially owns 13,699,314 shares, or approximately 53.9%, of our outstanding common stock as of the date of this report. Mr. Zeyao Xue’s beneficial ownership of 53.9% of Future FinTech’s issued and outstanding common stock will give him the ability to control the outcome of matters submitted to shareholders for approval, including but not limited to the election of directors and any merger, consolidation, or sale of all or substantially all of the Company’s assets. This concentrated control could delay, defer, or prevent a change of control, merger, consolidation, or sale of all or substantially all of the Company’s assets that other shareholders support, or conversely this concentrated control could result in the consummation of such a transaction that other shareholders do not support. This concentrated control could also discourage a potential investor from acquiring the common stock of the Company due to the limited voting power of such shares. As a shareholder, even a controlling shareholder, Mr. Zeyao Xue is entitled to vote his shares, and shares over which he has voting control, in his own interests, which may not always be in the interests of our shareholders generally. 

 

 Anti-takeover provisions in our charter documents and under Florida law could discourage, delay or prevent a change in control of our Company and may affect the trading price of our Common Stock.

 

We are a Florida corporation and the anti-takeover provisions of the Florida Business Corporation Act may discourage, delay or prevent certain changes in control unless such change in control is approved by a majority of our disinterested shareholders. In addition, the terms of our articles of incorporation and bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a change in our management or control over us that shareholders may consider favorable. Our articles of incorporation and bylaws:

 

  authorize the issuance of “blank check” preferred stock that could be issued by the Board to thwart a takeover attempt;
     
  require that directors only be removed from office upon a majority shareholder vote;
     
  provide that vacancies on the board of directors, including newly created directorships, may be filled only by a majority vote of directors then in office;
     
  limit who may call special meetings of shareholders; and
     
  prohibit shareholder action by written consent, requiring certain actions to be taken at a meeting of the shareholders.

 


For more information regarding these and other provisions, see the section titled “Description of Our Securities — Anti-Takeover Effects of Florida Law and Provisions of Our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws.”

 

In the past, our Common Stock has been in danger of being delisted from the NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”).

 

On each of April 20, 2016, May 24, 2016 and August 17, 2016, the Company received a notification letter from the staff of the Listing Qualifications Department of NASDAQ (the “Staff”) indicating that the Company was not in compliance with NASDAQ’s continued listing requirements because the Company was not in compliance with the NASDAQ Listing Rule 5250(c)(1) (the “Rule”) with respect to certain of its annual and current reports.

 

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On October 12, 2016, the Company received a delisting determination letter (the “Determination Letter”) from the Staff notifying the Company that because the Company had not filed its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 (the “Form 10-K”) and its Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarterly periods ended March 31, 2016 and June 30, 2016, (together, the “Reports”) by October 11, 2016, the deadline by which the Company was to file all Reports in order to regain compliance with the Rule, the Company’s common stock was subject to delisting from the NASDAQ Global Market. The Determination Letter further noted that unless the Company requested an appeal of the Staff’s determination no later than 4:00 pm Eastern Time on October 19, 2016, trading of the Company’s common stock on the NASDAQ Global Market would be suspended at the opening of business on October 21, 2016, and a Form 25-NSE would be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) removing the Company’s securities from listing and registration on the NASDAQ Global Market.

 

On October 19, 2016, the Company requested a hearing before the NASDAQ Hearings Panel (the “Panel”) under Listing Rule 5815(a) to appeal the delisting determination from the Staff. On November 2, 2016, the Company was granted an extended stay as to the suspension of the Company’s shares from trading by the Panel until the Company’s scheduled hearing before the Panel on December 15, 2016 and issuance of a final Panel decision. Following a hearing, the Panel required that the Company regain compliance by January 31, 2017. By letter dated February 2, 2017, the Panel notified the Company that (i) the Company had regained compliance, (ii) the Company’s Common Stock would continue to be listed on the NASDAQ Global Market, and (iii) the Panel was closing the matter.

 

On December 1, 2017, the Company received written notice from NASDAQ stating that the Company was not in compliance with the requirement of the minimum Market Value of Publicly Held Shares (“MVPHS”) of $5,000,000 for continued listing on The NASDAQ Global Market, as set forth in NASDAQ Listing Rule 5450(b)(1)(C). The notice had no immediate effect on the listing of the Company’s common stock, and its common stock continued to trade on The NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “FTFT”. In accordance with NASDAQ Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(D), the Company had a grace period of 180 calendar days, or until May 30, 2018, to regain compliance with the minimum MVPHS requirement. To regain compliance, the minimum MVPHS of the Company’s common stock needed to meet or exceed $5,000,000 for at least ten consecutive business days during this 180-day grace period. The Company received notice that it had regained compliance on January 4, 2018. 

 

ITEM 1B – UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 2 – PROPERTIES

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 23/F, China Development Bank Tower, No. 2 Gaoxin 1st Road, Hi-Tech Industrial Zone, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, PRC 710065, and our telephone number is 86-29-88377161. The area of our office is approximately 1,400 square meters.

 

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We operate four factories through a branch office of SkyPeople (China) and three subsidiaries of SkyPeople (China). In each of these factories, we own all the factory facilities except for land with regard to which we own land use rights. There is no private ownership of land in the PRC. All land ownership is held by the government of the PRC. Land use rights can be transferred upon approval by the land administrative authorities of the PRC (State Land Administration Bureau) upon payment of the required land transfer fee. The chart summarizes the information of the facilities and the four factories that we operate:

 

Location  Products  Operator  Size  Land Use Rights Expiration Date
23th Floor, China Development Bank Tower, No. 2 Gaoxin 1st Road, Hi-Tech Industrial Zone, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province  Headquarters  N/A   1,425.96 square meters  *
Sanqu Town, Jingyang County, Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province  Concentrated apple and pear juice and concentrated kiwifruit juice  SkyPeople (China)   34,476.04 square meters  December 27, 2056
Siqun Village, Mazhao Town, Zhouzhi County, Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province  Kiwifruit puree, concentrated kiwifruit puree, and fruit beverages  Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo   23,599.78 square meters and 34,335.05 square meters  December 5, 2048 November 14, 2048
Hujia Village, Gaotai Town, Suizhong County, Huludao, Liaoning Province  Concentrated apple and pear juice and apple aroma, fruit juice beverages  Huludao Wonder**   86,325 square meters  April 20, 2054
Yuton Village, Shizijie Town, Gaizhou, Liaoning Province  Concentrated apple juice and apple aroma  Yingkou   20,732 square meters  April 5, 2055

 

* Our certificate of this facility does not indicate any expiration date, although the usage of this property shall not exceed 50 years under the PRC law.
** In December 2016, the Company established a winding-down plan to close Huludao Wonder operation. In accordance with the restructuring plan, the Company would transfer the concentrated fruit juice production equipment in Huludao Wonder to another subsidiary and sell the land and facilities when there is a favorable opportunity. As the Company does not expect to sale the assets of Huludao Wonder in the near future, the assets are not recorded as assets held for sale as of December 31, 2017.

 

We believe that our current offices and facilities are adequate to meet our needs, and that additional facilities will be available for lease, if necessary, to meet our future needs. 

 

ITEM 3 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

In April 2015, China Cinda Asset Management Co., Ltd. Shaanxi Branch (“Cinda Shaanxi Branch”) filed two enforcement proceedings with Xi’an Intermediate People’s Court (the “Court”) against the Company for alleged defaults pursuant to guarantees by the Company to its suppliers for a total amount of RMB 39,596,250 or approximately $6.0 million.

 

In September 2014, two long term suppliers of pear, mulberry, and kiwi fruits to the Company requested that the Company provide guarantees for their loans with Cinda Shaanxi Branch. Considering the long term business relationship and to ensure the timely supply of raw materials, the Company agreed to provide guarantees upon the value of the raw materials supplied to the Company. Because Cinda Shaanxi Branch is not a bank authorized to provide loans, it eventually provided financing to the two suppliers through the purchase of accounts receivables of the two suppliers with the Company. In July, 2014, the parties entered into two agreements – an Accounts Receivables Purchase and Debt Restructure Agreement, and Guarantee Agreements for Accounts Receivables Purchase and Debt Restructure. Pursuant to the agreements, Cinda Shaanxi Branch agreed to provide a RMB 100 million credit line on a rolling basis to the two suppliers and the Company agreed to pay its accounts payables to the two suppliers directly to Cinda Shaanxi Branch and provided guarantees for the two suppliers. In April 2015, Cinda Shaanxi Branch stopped providing financing to the two suppliers and the two suppliers were unable to continue the supply of raw materials to the Company. Consequently, the Company stopped making any payment to Cinda Shaanxi Branch.

 

The Company has responded to the Court and taken the position that the financings under the agreements are essentially the loans from Cinda Shaanxi Branch to the two suppliers, and because Cinda Shaanxi Branch does not have permits to make loans in China, the agreements are invalid, void and had no legal effect from the beginning. Therefore, the Company has no obligation to repay the debts owed by the two suppliers to Cinda Shaanxi Branch.

  

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Upon the Court’s suggestion, parties agreed to a settlement discussion in April 2017. As a part of the settlement discussion, on April 18, 2017, the Company withdrew its non-enforcement request with the Court without prejudice. Both parties are still in the process of settlement negotiations. If the parties cannot reach a settlement agreement, the Company has the right to refile the non-enforcement request with the Court. As the Company may still be liable for this loan, the Company recorded expenses and liability of $6.0 million as the result of these two enforcement proceedings in the third quarter of 2017.

 

Between October, 2013 and January, 2014, Xuzhou Jinkaifeng Glass Co. Ltd. (“JKF”) supplied glass bottles to SkyPeople China. SkyPeople China believed that the glass bottles supplied by JKF had quality issues and did not pay for the bottles delivered. In November, 2016, JKF filed a lawsuit against SkyPeople China with Xuzhou Tongshan District People’s Court. On July 27, 2017, SkyPeople China received judgment from Xuzhou Tongshan District People’s Court that SkyPeople China must pay JKF RMB 365,292 (approximately $55,040) for the glass bottles. SkyPeople China currently is in discussions with JKF on the payment terms and final amount in connection with the enforcement of the judgment.

 

In April 2015, SkyPeople China entered into a loan agreement with Shaanxi Fangtian Decoration Co. Ltd. (“Fangtian”). Pursuant to the loan agreement, SkyPeople China borrowed RMB 3.5 million (approximately $527,355) from Fangtian. SkyPeople China has not repaid the loan and Fangtian filed a lawsuit with Xi’an Yanta District People’s Court (“Yanta District Court”). On August 10, 2017, Yanta District Court ruled against SkyPeople China and determined that SkyPeople China must repay the loan of RMB 3.5 million plus interest RMB of 402,500 (approximately $588,000). SkyPeople China currently is in discussions with Fangtian on the payment terms and the final amount.

 

Shaanxi Hengtong Development Co. Ltd. (“Hengtong”) is a coal supplier to SkyPeople China’s Jingyang Branch (“SkyPeople Jingyang”). In November, 2016, Hengtong filed a lawsuit against SkyPeople Jingyang for unpaid coal deliveries and interest for a total amount of RMB 3,133,916 (approximately $482,141). On March 13, 2017, SkyPeople Jingyang received judgment from Jingyang County People’s Court ordering SkyPeople Jingyang to repay RMB 1.78 million (approximately $268,788) to Hengtong. SkyPeople Jingyang appealed the judgement to Xianyang Intermediate People’s Court, and on August 29, 2017, Xiangyang Intermediate Court affirmed the lower court’s decision. SkyPeople Jingyang currently is in discussions with Hengtong on payment terms and the final amount.

 

In September 2016, the Suizhong Branch of Huludao Banking Co. Ltd. (“Suizhong Branch”) filed a lawsuit with Huludao Intermediate People’s Court (the “Huludao Court”) against the Company’s indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary Huludao Wonder Fruit Co., Ltd. (“Wonder Fruit”) and requested that Wonder Fruit repay a RMB 40 million (approximately $6.35 million) bank loan, plus interest. The loan became due on its maturity date of December 9, 2016. On December 19, 2016, the Huludao Court accepted the case. The Company has been disputing the interest rate of the loan with Suizhong Branch, and has not repaid the loan to date. Wonder Fruit believes that the interest charged by Suizhong Branch is 100% higher than the base rate set by People’s Bank of China and is not in consistent with the China People’s Bank’s base interest and floating rate. The Huludao Court has seized land use rights, buildings and equipment of Wonder Fruit that were pledged as guarantee for the loan and has organized two auction sales for these assets in January and February of 2018, but both auction sales have been unsuccessful in finding a buyer. Wonder Fruit is currently in discussions with the Suizhong Branch on repayment of the bank loan and a reduction of the interest due thereon.

 

On June 29, 2015, SkyPeople China entered into a loan agreement with Beijing Bank. Pursuant to the loan agreement, SkyPeople China borrowed RMB 30 million (approximately $4.59 million) from Beijng Bank. Hongke Xue, Yongke Xue and Xiujun Wang provided guarantees for the loan and Shaanxi Boai Medical Technology Development Co., Ltd. provided certain real estate property as a pledge for the loan. SkyPeople China did not repay the loan on time and Beijing Bank filed an enforcement request with Xi’an Intermediate People's Court (the “Court”) in June 2017. SkyPeople China received the enforcement notice from the Court on November 27, 2017. The Xi’an Intermediate People’s Court has not yet taken any action. SkyPeople China currently is in discussions with Beijing Bank on the payment terms and the final amount.

 

On March 8, 2016, SkyPeople China entered into a loan agreement with Ningxia Bank. Pursuant to the loan agreement, SkyPeople China borrowed RMB 25 million (approximately $3.83 million) from Ningxia Bank. Hongke Xue, Yongke Xue, Lake Chen, Shaanxi Boai Medical Technology Development Co., Ltd. and Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo provided guarantees for the loan. SkyPeople China also pledged 37 equipment and its trademarks to Ningxia Bank for the loan. SkyPeople China has not repaid the loan and Ningxia Bank filed enforcement action with Xi’an Intermediate people's court in August 2017. In January, 2018, SkyPeople China received the enforcement notice from the Court. The Court has frozen the assets of SkyPeople China that were pledged as guarantee for the loan from being transferred to any third-party, but the freeze does not limit or affect the use of these properties by SkyPeople China for its business. SkyPeople China currently is in discussions with Ningxia Bank on the payment terms and the final amount.

 

On December 23, 2015, SkyPeople China entered into two loan agreements with China Construction Bank. Pursuant to the loan agreements, SkyPeople China borrowed RMB 13.90 million (approximately $2.13 million), and RMB 30 million (approximately $4.59 million) from China Construction Bank, respectively. Shaanxi Boai Medical Technology Development Co., Ltd. (“Boai”), Hongke Xue, Yongke Xue, Xiujun Wang and Yingkou Trusty Fruits Co., Ltd. (“Yingkou”) provided pledges for the loans. SkyPeople China has not repaid the loans and China Construction Bank filed an enforcement action with Xi’an Intermediate People's Court in March 2017. In December, 2017, SkyPeople China received the enforcement notice from the Court. The Court has seized and sold by auction certain park space and land use rights pledged by Xiujun Wang and Boai for approximately RMB 25,000,000. The Court also seized certain land use rights pledged by Yingkou Trusty Fruits Co., Ltd., but the auction sale for those rights was not successful. SkyPeople China currently is in discussions with China Construction Bank on the payment terms and the final amount.

 

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On May 9, 2016, SkyPeople China entered into loan agreements with China Construction Bank. Pursuant to the loan agreements, SkyPeople China borrowed RMB 22.9 million (approximately $3.50 million) from China Construction Bank. Shaanxi Province Credit Reassurance Company (“Credit Reassurance Company”) provided a guarantee to China Construction Bank for the loan, Hongke Xue and Yongke Xue provided their guarantees, and SkyPeople China provided an office space that it owned to Credit Reassurance Company as a pledge. SkyPeople China has not repaid the loan and Credit Reassurance Company repaid the loan for SkyPeople China. In June 2017, Credit Reassurance filed an enforcement action request with Xi’an Intermediate People’s Court (the “Court”) in June 2017. In December 2017, SkyPeople China received the enforcement notice from the Court. The Court issued verdict to seize the office space of SkyPeople China for auction sale on December 26, 2017. In February 2018, the auction sale was conducted but not successful. SkyPeople China currently is in discussions with Credit Reassurance Company on the payment terms and the final amount.

 

In August 2017, Cinda Capital Financing Co. Ltd. (“Cinda”) filed a lawsuit with Beijing 2nd Intermediate People’s Court (the “Beijing Intermediate Court”) against the Company’s indirectly wholly-owned subsidiaries Shaanxi Guoweimei Kiwi Deep Processing Company, Ltd. (“Guoweimei”) and Hedetang Farm Products Trading Market (Mei County) Co., Ltd. (“Trading Market Mei County Co”, and together with Guoweimei, “Leasees”) requested that Leasees repay RMB 50 million (approximately $7.65 million) in capital lease fees, plus interest. The Leasees received subpoena in mail served by Beijing Intermediate Court in November, 2017. Cinda has purchased or paid for refrigerant warehouse and trading hall to the suppliers and vendors and agreed to lease them to the Leasees for a leasing fee of RMB 50 million in December, 2016. The capital leasing fee became due on its maturity date of June 2017, with certain land use rights of Leasees in Mei County and equity of Guoweimei as a pledge. The Company has disputed that the land use rights for the refrigerant warehouse and trading hall were never sold to or transferred to Cinda, therefore it is loan agreement and not capital lease agreement among the parties. Leasees have taken the position that Cinda is not a bank and does not have government permits required to make loans in China, and the agreements including pledge agreement were invalid, void and without legal effect from the beginning. Therefore, the Company only has the obligations to repay principal but not the interest. In November 2017, Beijing Intermediate Court ruled in favor of Cinda and the Leasees have appealed the case to Beijing Supreme Court. Beijing Supreme Court has not scheduled hearings yet. As the Company may still be liable for this loan, the Company recorded expenses and liability of $7.66 million as the result of the enforcement proceeding in the third quarter of 2017.

 

In August, 2017, Cinda Capital Financing Co. Ltd. (“Cinda”) filed another lawsuit at Beijing Intermediate Court against the Company’s indirectly wholly-owned subsidiaries Guoweimei and SkyPeople China for repayment of leasing fee of RMB 84,970,959 (approximately $13 million) plus interest. In January 2014, Guoweimei and SkyPeople China (the “Equipment Leasees”) signed an Equipment Financial Lease Purchase Agreement with Cinda and an equipment supplier pursuant to which Cinda would provide funds to purchase equipment and the Equipment Leasees would lease the equipment from Cinda. Guoweimei pledged certain land use rights in Mei County to Cinda and Xi’an Hedetang and Hedetang Holding pledged their equities in Guoweimei to Cinda to secure the repayment. In December, 2017, Equipment Leasees received subpoena in mail served by by Beijing Intermediate Court in December, 2017. Beijing Intermediate Court had two hearings of the case and has not yet ruled on it.

 

In September, 2017, Andrew Chien, a former consultant of SkyPeople China, brought a lawsuit against the Company and Mr. Hongke Xue in the District Court of Connecticut.  The complaint was not properly served and the Company learned of the litigation in December 2017. In the complaint, Mr. Chien has made several claims, most of which attempt to hold the Company liable under novel legal theories that relate back to an alleged breach of a consulting agreement between SkyPeople China and Chien from August, 2006.  Mr. Chien claimed for approximately $257,000 damages and interest plus 2% of the Company’s then-outstanding shares. Mr. Chien has unsuccessfully attempted to sue the Company on the breach of the same consulting agreement several times in the courts of Connecticut and New York and these cases have been dismissed in the past.   The Company has filed a motion to dismiss (“MTD”) and all proceedings are stayed pending determination of the MTD.  The Company will vigorously defend this lawsuit and expects to obtain early dismissal of Mr. Chien’s claims. 

 

In the past couple years, to expand our production and diversify our products and businesses, our subsidiaries in China borrowed loans from certain banks for our new construction projects. Because the business environment for manufacture industries and financing for non-stated owned companies in China have deteriorated, banks started to collect loans before their maturity dates for their own capital security consideration which has interrupted our business plan. In June 2017, one of the banks that we had loan with made the early payment request and applied for the enforcement action with local court which caused chain reactions for other banks that we had loan with and they all declared their loans due and applied for enforcement actions. Because the run on us by the banks at the same time, our subsidiaries can’t repay all the loans in a short period of time. Our subsidiaries have been in discussion with the banks to find solutions for the outstanding loans. The enforcement actions made by the banks are the usual practices used by the banks which don’t cause actual impact to our daily business operation. After the discussion and negotiation with the banks, we will cooperate with each party to solve the loan issues.

 

From time to time we may be a party to various litigation proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business, none of which, in the opinion of management, is likely to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

ITEM 4 – MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

  

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PART II

 

ITEM 5 – MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Our Common Stock has been listed on the Nasdaq Global market since October 18, 2010. Immediately prior to that, our Common Stock was traded on the NYSE Amex. The following table sets forth the high and low inter-dealer prices, without mark-up, mark-down or commission, involving our Common Stock during each calendar quarter, and may not represent actual transactions.

 

2017  High   Low 
First quarter  $7.07   $5.03 
Second quarter  $5.93   $2.32 
Third quarter  $2.49   $1.49 
Fourth quarter  $6.24   $1.35 

 

2016  High   Low 
First quarter  $5.36   $2.65 
Second quarter  $2.83   $1.70 
Third quarter  $18.22   $2.12 
Fourth quarter  $9.09   $5.75 

 

Reports to Stockholders

 

We plan on furnishing stockholders with an annual report for each fiscal year ending December 31 containing financial statements audited by its independent certified public accountants. The Company intends to maintain compliance with the periodic reporting requirements of the Exchange Act.

 

Stockholders

 

As of April 12, 2018, there were 25,417,083 shares of our Common Stock issued and outstanding, and we had approximately 80 record holders of our Common Stock, not including holders who hold their shares under street name.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our Common Stock. The payment of dividends is at the discretion of the Board and is contingent on our revenues and earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and the ability of our operating subsidiary, SkyPeople (China), to obtain governmental approval to send funds out of the PRC. We currently intend to retain all earnings, if any, for use in business operations. Accordingly, we do not anticipate declaring any dividends in the near future.

 

The PRC’s national currency, the RMB or yuan, is not a freely-convertible currency. Please refer to the risk factors “Governmental control of currency conversion may affect the value of shareholder investment,” “The fluctuation of the RMB may harm shareholder investments” and “PRC regulations relating to mergers and the establishment of offshore special purpose companies by PRC residents, if applied to us, may limit our ability to operate our business as we see fit.”

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

The Company did not make any sales of unregistered securities during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 that were not previously disclosed in a quarterly report on Form 10-Q or a current report on Form 8-K.

 

On August 30, 2010, we closed the public offering of 5,181,285 shares of our Common Stock at a price of $5.00 per share for approximately $25.9 million. We received an aggregate of approximately $24 million as net proceeds after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses. As of December 31, 2017, we had spent approximately $18.6 million on various capital projects in Huludao Wonder and the remaining $24 million on various capital projects in SkyPeople Suizhong. For more details related to the use of proceeds in 2016 from the public offering in 2010, please see the section entitled “Capital Projects” under “Item 7, Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations”.

 

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Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2017, with respect to our equity compensation plans previously approved by stockholders and equity compensation plans not previously approved by stockholders.

 

    Equity Compensation Plan Information  
Plan Category   Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights     Weighted average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights     Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))  
      (a)       (b)     (c)  
Equity compensation plans approved by stockholders (1)     62,500     $

$3.57

(2)     -  
Equity compensation plans not approved by stockholders           $ N/A       -  
Total           $ N/A          

  

(1) Consists of equity incentive plans, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders at its annual meetings on August 18, 2011 and November 19, 2015.  On February 28, 2017, the Company issued options to purchase 62,500 shares of the Company’s common stock with an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s Common Stock (as defined under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan in conformity with Regulation 409A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended) at the date of grant to three of the Company’s employees pursuant to the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders at the annual stockholders meeting on August 18, 2011. These options vested immediately on the grant date with a fair market value of $223,375 based on the fair value of $3.57 per share, which was determined by using the Black Scholes option pricing model. The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $223,375 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. As of December 31, 2017, there were no shares available for issuance under either of the two stock incentive plans.
(2) The exercise price of options granted and stock appreciation rights under the Plan may be no less than the fair market value of the Company’s Stock on the date of grant.

 

On March 29, 2017, the Company issued 250,000 shares of the Company’s unrestricted common stock to six of the Company’s employees pursuant to our Omnibus Equity Plan, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders at the annual stockholders meeting on November 19, 2015. The Company recorded an expense of $250 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 under the 2015 Omnibus Equity Plan, reflecting a par value of $0.001 per share of the Company’s common stock. 

 

ITEM 6 – SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not Applicable. 

 

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ITEM 7 – MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of the consolidated financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this report. This discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results could differ materially from the results described in or implied by these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those discussed below and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, particularly under the heading “Risk Factors.”

 

Overview

 

We are engaged in the production and sales of fruit juice concentrates (including fruit purees, concentrated fruit purees and concentrated fruit juices), fruit beverages (including fruit juice beverages and fruit cider beverages), other fruit related products (including organic and non-organic fresh fruits), and the sales of the IB-LIVE series of products online and offline in and from the PRC. Our fruit juice concentrates, which include apple, pear and kiwifruit concentrates, are sold to domestic customers and exported directly or via distributors. We sell our Hedetang branded bottled fruit beverages domestically primarily to supermarkets in the PRC. In 2017, sales of our fruit concentrates, fruit beverages, and other fruit-related products represented 30%, 69%, and 1% of our revenue, respectively, compared to sales of 51%, 43%, and 6%, respectively, in 2016.

 

We export our products as well as sell them domestically. We sell our products either through distributors with good credit or to end-users directly. Our main export markets are Asia, North America, Europe, Russia and the Middle East. We sell our Hedetang brand bottled fruit beverages domestically, primarily to supermarkets in the PRC. We also sell our other fruit-related products to domestic customers.

 

We currently market our Hedetang brand fruit beverages in only certain regions of the PRC. We plan to expand the market presence of Hedetang over a broader geographic area in the PRC. In particular, we plan to expand our glass bottle high margin portable fruit juice beverages targeting consumers in more populated Chinese cities. Currently we produce five flavors of fruit beverages in 236 ml glass bottles, 258 ml glass bottles, 280 ml glass bottles, 418 ml glass and 500 ml glass bottles, 888 ml glass bottles, 1.21 L glass bottles and BIB (bag in box) packages, including kiwifruit juice, mulberry juice, peach juice, pomegranate juice and fruit and vegetable juice. We also produce two flavors of lactobacillus fruit beverages in 268 ml glass bottles, including lactobacillus kiwifruit juice and lactobacillus mulberry juice, as well as three beverages with rich dietary fiber in 330 ml glass bottles, including kumquat and grapefruit juice, kiwifruit juice and mulberry juice. We currently sell our fruit beverages to over 100 distributors and more than 20,000 retail stores in approximately 20 provinces. Our products are sold through distributors in stores such as Hualian Supermarket in Beijing, RT-Mart in Shenyang, WOWO in Chengdu, the Quanjia convenient store chain, Vanguard in Xi’an, Carrefour in Chongqing and Shenyang and Lianhua Supermarket in Shanghai.

 

Our fruit juice business is highly seasonal and can be greatly affected by weather because of the seasonal nature of growing and harvesting of fruits and vegetables. Our core products are apple, pear and kiwifruit juice concentrates, which are produced from July or August to April of the following year. The squeezing season for (i) apples is from August to January or February; (ii) pears is from July or August until April of next year; and (iii) kiwifruit is from September through December. Typically, a substantial portion of our revenues is earned during our first and fourth quarters. To minimize the seasonality of our business, we make continued efforts in identifying new products with harvesting seasons complementary to our current product mix. In the first quarter of 2009, we introduced mulberry and kiwifruit cider beverages in the Chinese market. Unlike fruit juice concentrates, which can only be produced during the squeezing season, such fruit beverages are made out of fruit juice concentrates and can be produced and sold in all seasons. With continuous efforts in marketing of our beverages in domestic market, we believe that our seasonality will be reduced.

  

Fresh fruits are the primary raw materials needed for the production of our products. Our raw materials mainly consist of apples, pears and kiwifruits. Other raw materials used in our business include pectic enzyme, amylase, auxiliary power fuels and other power sources such as coal, electricity and water.

 

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We purchase raw materials from local markets and fruit growers that deliver directly to our plants. We have implemented a fruit-purchasing program in areas surrounding our factories. In addition, we organize purchasing centers in rich fruit production areas, helping farmers deliver fruit to our purchasing agents easily and in a timely manner. We are then able to deliver the fruit directly to our factory for production. We have assisted local farmers in their development of kiwifruit fields to help ensure a high quality product throughout the production channel. Our raw material supply chain is highly fragmented and raw fruit prices are highly volatile in China. Fruit concentrate and fruit juice beverage companies generally do not enter into purchasing agreements. In addition to raw materials, we purchase various ingredients and packaging materials such as sweeteners, glass and plastic bottles, cans and packing barrels. We generally purchase our materials or supplies from multiple suppliers. We are not dependent on any one supplier or group of suppliers.

 

Shaanxi and Liaoning Provinces, where our manufacturing facilities are located, are large fruit producing provinces. We own and operate four manufacturing facilities in the PRC, all of which are strategically located near fruit growing centers so that we can better preserve the freshness of the fruits and lower our transportation costs. To take advantage of economies of scale and to enhance our production efficiency, generally, each of our manufacturing facilities has a focus on products made from one particular fruit according to the proximity of such manufacturing to the sources of supply for that fruit.  Our kiwifruit processing facilities are located in Zhouzhi County of Shaanxi Province, which has the largest planting area of apples and kiwifruit in the PRC. Our pear processing facilities are located in Shaanxi Province, which is the main pear-producing province in the PRC. Our apple processing facilities are located in Liaoning Province, a region that abounds with high acidity apples. As we use the same production line for concentrated apple juice and concentrated pear juice and both Shaanxi Province and Liaoning Province are rich in fresh apple and pear production, our Liaoning facilities also produced concentrated apple juice and our Shaanxi Province facilities also produced concentrated apple juice based on customer need. We believe that these regions provide adequate supply of raw materials for our production needs in the foreseeable future.

 

Our Huludao Wonder operation, a subsidiary which produces concentrated apple juice, suffered continued operating losses in the three fiscal years prior to 2016 and the cash flow was minimal for these three years. In December 2016, the Company established a winding-down plan to close this operation. Based on the restructuring plan and in accordance with EITF 03-13, the Company presented the operation results from Huludao Wonder as a discontinued operation, as the Company believed that no continued cash flow would be generated by the disposed component (Huludao Wonder) and that the Company would have no significant continuing involvement in the operation of the discontinued component. Management of the Company initiated a plan to sell the property located in Huludao in December 2016 and ceased the depreciation of the property in accordance with SFAS No. 144. In fiscal year 2017 and 2016, the Company’s recorded an impairment loss of $11.76 million and $2.4 million with respect to the concentrated fruit juice production equipment in Huludao Wonder, respectively. In accordance with the restructuring plan, the Company would transfer the concentrated fruit juice production equipment in Huludao Wonder to another of our subsidiaries and sell the land and facilities upon favorable circumstances. As the Company does not expect to sale the assets of Huludao Wonder in the near future, the assets are not recorded as assets held for sale as of December 31, 2017. The book value of the land usage right was $4,463,889 and the book value of the building was $851,666 as of December 31, 2017. The Company believes the assets’ book value was lower than its fair value, less the cost to sell.

 

On June 6, 2017, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment with the Secretary of State for the State of Florida to amend and restate its articles of incorporation to change its name from SkyPeople Fruit Juice, Inc. to Future FinTech Group Inc., effective immediately (“the Name Change”). The Name Change was approved by the Company’s Board of Directors on March 30, 2017 and by shareholders holding a majority of the Company’s issued and outstanding capital stock on March 31, 2017. In addition, effective as of June 6, 2017, the Company’s bylaws were amended and restated to reflect the Name Change.

 

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Capital Projects

 

Investment/Service Agreement with Yidu Municipal People’s Government

 

On October 29, 2012, SkyPeople (China) entered into an investment/service agreement (the “Investment Agreement”) with Yidu Municipal People’s Government in Hubei Province of China.

 

Under the Investment Agreement, the parties agreed to invest and establish an orange comprehensive deep processing zone in Yidu.

 

The Company is responsible for the establishment, construction and financing of the project with a total investment of RMB 300 million (approximately $48 million), in fixed assets and the purchase of land use rights, while the Yidu government agreed to provide a parcel of land for the project that is approximately 280 mu (approximately 46 acres) in size located at Gaobazhou Town of Yidu for a fee payable by the Company. The consideration for transferring the land use right for the project land shall be RMB 0.3 million per mu. 

 

The main scope of the Yidu project includes the establishment of:

 

1. one modern orange distribution and sales center (the “distribution center”);
   
2. one orange comprehensive utilization deep processing zone (the “deep processing zone”), including:

 

  a) one 45 ton/hour concentrated orange juice and byproduct deep processing production line;
     
  b) one juice drink bottling production line with a capacity to produce 6,000 glass-bottle drinks per hour;
     
  c) one storage freezer facility with a capacity to store 20,000 tons of concentrated orange juice; and
     
  d) general purpose facilities within the zone, office space, general research and development facilities, service area, living quarters and other ancillary support areas

 

3. one research and development center for orange varietal improvement and engineering technology (the “R&D center”) and
   
4. one standardized orange plantation (the “orange plantation”).

  

The total amount of RMB 300 million (approximately $48 million) will mainly be used to establish the distribution center and the deep processing zone on the project land of approximately 280 mu. The Company and Yidu Municipal People’s Government agreed to discuss the investment amount and location for establishing the R&D center and the orange plantation in the future.

 

On November 23, 2015, the Company started the construction of the Yidu project. As the Chinese government recently tightened environment regulations, the Company is in the process of adapting the new standards and the project has been delayed. Since the Company’s current cash cannot support the future input of this project and there is no forecasted cash flow from this project, the Company recorded an impairment cost of $16.80 million with respect to construction in progress and fixed assets of this project, and an impairment cost of $0.62 million with respect to the orange plantation in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2017.

 

Investment/Service Agreement with Mei County National Kiwi Fruit Wholesale Trading Center

 

On April 3, 2013, SkyPeople (China) entered into an Investment Agreement (the “Agreement”) with the Managing Committee of Mei County National Kiwi Fruit Wholesale Trading Center (the “Committee”). The Committee has been authorized by the People’s Government of Mei County to be responsible for the construction and administration of the Mei County National Kiwi Fruit Wholesale Trading Center (the “Trading Center”).

 

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Under the Agreement, the parties agreed to invest and establish a kiwi fruit comprehensive deep processing zone and kiwi fruit and fruit-related materials trading zone in Yangjia Village, Changxing Town of Mei County with a total planned area of total planned area of 286 mu (approximately 47 acres) (the “Project”). 

 

Pursuant to the Agreement, the Company is responsible for the construction and financing of the Project with a total investment of RMB 445.6 million (approximately $71.9 million) in buildings and equipment, which also includes a fee for the land use rights for the Project land in the amount of RMB 0.3 million per mu. The Committee is responsible for financing and constructing the basic infrastructure surrounding the Project, such as the main water supply, main water drainage, natural gas, electricity, sewage, access roads to the Project, natural gas and communications networks. As the Company’s current cash flow is not enough to support the construction of this project, the project is temporary suspended, and the Company will assume the construction once it has enough capital.

 

As of the date of this report, Mei County National Kiwi Fruit Wholesale Trading Center has started normal operations. There are a number of enterprises operating in the trading center including 12 express delivery companies, 4 logistic companies, four on-line sales companies, two packing companies and three agriculture companies. In addition, all government departments that are relevant to the operations of the Mei County National Kiwi Fruit Wholesale Trading Center have moved into the trading center. Currently, Mei County National Kiwi Fruit Wholesale Trading Center is building a data platform for agricultural products in the western part of China, an agricultural business incubator, and an online-to-offline agricultural products trading center. To meet this requirement, the Company is upgrading its software and the project has been delayed. The Company expects to complete its investment in the trading center in the third quarter of 2018, and believes that it will generate income from the trading center through various means, such as rental income from cold storage and shops, and income from logistic services.

 

As part of the Mei County National Kiwi Fruit Wholesale Trading Center project, on April 19, 2013, we established Shaanxi Guoweimei Kiwi Deep Processing Co., Ltd. (“Guo Wei Mei”) to engage in the business of producing kiwi fruit juice, kiwi puree, cider beverages, and related products. The total estimated investment was RMB 294 million. As of the date of this report, the Company has finished the building of an R&D center and an office building with a total investment of RMB 76.2 million (approximately $11.24 million), the Company has also purchased a fruit juice production line of RMB 129 million (approximately $19.02 million). As the Chinese government recently tightened environmental regulations, the Company is in the process of adapting to the new standards and the project has been delayed and the construction was stopped since early 2017. Since the Company’s current cash cannot support the future input of this project and there is no forecasted cash flow from this project, the Company recorded an impairment cost of $30.26 million with respect to construction in progress and fixed assets of this project.

 

Suizhong Project

 

On July 15, 2011, the Company entered into a Letter of Intent with the People’s Government of Suizhong County, Liaoning Province, to establish a fruit and vegetable industry chain and further processing demonstration zone in Suizhong County, Liaoning Province (the “Suizhong Project”).

 

The Suizhong Project was intended to include one or more of the following: the construction and operation of fruit juice production lines, a vegetable and fruit flash freeze facility, a refrigeration storage facility and warehouse, a world class food safety testing center, a fruit and vegetable modern supply chain and e-commerce platform, and a fruit and vegetable finished products processing center and exhibition center.

 

The Company has made partial payment to acquire land use rights from the local government, purchase equipment and build facilities. As of date of this report, the Company has finished construction of an office building, dormitory, refrigeration storage facility and warehouse. However, due to heavy competition in the concentrated apple juice business in China, our Huludao Wonder and Yingkou facilities in Liaoning have had no production in the past two years, and the construction work on Suizhong project is also currently suspended. Since the Company’s current cash cannot support the future input of this project and there is no forecasted cash flow from this project, the Company recorded an impairment cost of $25.06 million with respect to construction in progress and fixed assets of this project.

 

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Letter of Intent for Purchase of Biological Assets

 

In April 2016, the Company signed a letter of intent with Mei County Kiwifruits Investment and Development Corporation to purchase 833.5 mu (approximately 137 acres) of kiwifruits orchard in Mei County. The purchase price will be determined by a third party valuation company appointed by both parties. As of the date of this report, the valuation has not been completed and the purchase price has not been settled. The Company paid RMB 200 million (approximately $30 million) as a deposit in the second quarter of 2016. The purchase is subject to government approval, approval by the Company’s Board of Directors and a definitive agreement negotiated and signed by the parties. Pursuant to the letter of intent, the Deposit shall be returned to the Company within 10 working days upon the request of the Company if the kiwifruits orchard cannot be transferred to the Company according to the schedule. The Company expects to complete the purchase process in the second quarter of 2018. This deposit is recorded as deposits in the company’s balance sheet as of December 31, 2017.

  

Leasing of Orchard

 

On August 3, 2016, Shaanxi Guoweimei Kiwi Deep Processing Company, an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, signed a lease agreement for 20,000 mu (approximately 3,292 square acres) of a kiwifruits orchard located in Mei County, Shaanxi Province, with the Di’erpo Committe of Jinqu Village, Mei County, Shaanxi for a term of 30 years, from August 5, 2016 to August 4, 2046. The annual leasing fee is RMB 1,250 (approximately $189) per mu, and payment of 10 years’ of leasing fees shall be made on each of September 25, 2016, 2026 and 2036. The Company made a payment of RMB 250 million (approximately $37.4 million) for the first 10 years’ leasing fees on August 15, 2016, which is recorded as deposits in the Company’s balance sheet.

 

On August 15, 2016, Hedetang Agricultural Plantations (Yidu) Co., Ltd., an indirectly wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, signed a lease agreement for 8,000 mu (approximately 1,317 square acres) of an orange orchard located in city of Yidu, Hubei Province, with the Yidu Sichang Farmers Association, Hubei Province, for a term of 20 years, from September 22, 2016 to September 21, 2036. The annual leasing fee is RMB 2,000 (approximately $306) per mu, and payment of 10 years’ of leasing fees shall be made on each of September 25, 2016 and 2026. The Company made a payment of RMB 160 million (approximately $24.0 million) for the first 10 years’ of leasing fees on September 20, 2016, which is recorded as deposits in the Company’s balance sheet.

   

Key Components of Operating Results

 

Sources of Revenue

 

We derive our revenue primarily from the sales of fruit juice concentrates, fruit beverages and other fruit related products in and from the PRC.

 

Our fruit juice concentrates, which include apple, pear and kiwifruit, are sold directly or indirectly to domestic juice manufacturers and exported primarily via distributors to Asia, North America, Europe and the Middle East. Our general sales agreement with distributors requires that the distributors pay us after we deliver our products to them, which is not contingent on resale to end users. Our credit terms for distributors with good credit history are from 30 days to 90 days. Distributors have no contractual right to return our products and we are not required to rebate or credit any amounts paid if we subsequently reduce the price of our products.

 

We sell our Hedetang branded bottled fruit juice beverages and fruit cider beverages domestically primarily to supermarkets in the PRC through distributors, and we also export some of our Hedetang branded bottled fruit juice beverages outside of China directly or indirectly through distributors.

 

In addition to concentrated juice products and juice beverages, we generate other revenue from sales of apple spice, kiwifruit seeds and fresh kiwifruit, and sales of IB-LIVE products online and offline. These products are mainly sold to Chinese customers. 

 

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Cost of Sales

 

Our cost of sales consists primarily of the cost for raw materials, including various fresh fruit, packing barrels, pectic enzyme, amylase, auxiliary power fuels and other power sources such as coal, electricity and water, bottles, packaging materials, and expenses associated with the operations of our manufacturing facilities.

 

We determine cost of sales on the basis of the average cost of inventory methods. For purposes of determining our cost of sales of kiwifruit seeds, we apply the relative sales value costing method. In calculating the gross margin of kiwifruit seeds, we applied the weighted average method to simplify the calculation. In applying this method, we first calculated the average revenue of kiwifruit seeds and kiwifruit juice that can be produced from one ton of kiwifruit, based on our estimate in a normal production situation in the applicable period. This percentage is then applied to actual cost for the production of kiwifruit juice to calculate the actual cost of sales for kiwifruit seeds and concentrated kiwifruit juice in the period covered by the financial statements.  

 

The shipping and handling expenses of $338,261 and $1,180,328 for fiscal years 2017 and 2016, respectively, are reported in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income as a component of selling expenses. The decrease in shipping and handling expenses was mainly due to a decrease in customer orders.

 

The largest component of our cost of sales is the cost for fresh fruit. We purchase fresh fruit and other raw materials from local markets and fruit growers that deliver directly to our plants. Our raw material supply chain is highly fragmented and raw fruit prices are highly volatile.  We generally do not enter into long-term purchase agreements for fresh fruit. 

 

Operating Expenses

 

We classify our operating expenses into three categories: general and administrative, selling, and research and development. Our operating expenses consist primarily of personnel costs, which include salaries, bonuses, payroll taxes and employee benefit costs. Other expenses include advertising and promotional costs, shipping and handling costs not billed to customers, facilities costs and legal, audit, tax, consulting and other professional service fees.

 

The government owns all of the land in the PRC.  Companies or individuals are authorized to possess and use the land only through land use rights granted by the PRC government.  Accordingly, we pay for land use rights in advance and such prepayments are being amortized and recorded as expenses using the straight-line method over the use terms of the lease, which are 40 to 50 years.  The amortization expenses were $353,050 and $1,222,079 for 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

General and Administrative

 

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel costs for our executive, finance, human resources and administrative personnel, legal, audit, tax and other professional fees, depreciation expenses, insurance and other corporate expenses.

 

Selling Expenses

 

Selling expenses consist primarily of freight and transportation expenses, advertising and promotional costs and personnel costs for our sales team.

 

Research and Development

 

Since 2014, the Company has suspended four research and development agreements with research institutions. We are now conducting our research and development in house and related expenses are recorded in the general and administrative expenses.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Other income (expense) consists of interest we earn on our cash and cash equivalents, interest expenses on our short-term bank loans from Chinese local banks, government subsidies and other miscellaneous income or expenses. 

 

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Provision for Income Taxes

 

Our provision for income taxes primarily consists of corporate income taxes related to profits earned in the PRC from sales of our products. All our Chinese subsidiaries were subject to a tax rate of 25%. Our consolidated income tax rate was negative 0.3% and 44% in 2017 and 2016, respectively. Some of our subsidiaries generated income and we accrued income tax according to the Chinese corporate income tax rate, but some had a loss and no tax provision was made.

 

Our income tax expenses are comprised of U.S. and China tax accrual as computed using the tax rules and regulations for such jurisdictions.  In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), Topic 740, we evaluate material tax positions asserted on every income tax return for the technical merits as to the tax supportability under examination or tax litigation.  When we determine that a tax position is uncertain, our policy is to record a liability based on whether the tax position’s facts and circumstances on a “more likely than not” basis are supportable under tax laws and regulations.  We have had no material adjustments to the unrecognized income tax benefits since our adoption of FASB ASC 740.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Our financial statements reflect the selection and application of accounting policies, which require management to make significant estimates and judgments. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe that the following reflects the more critical accounting policies that currently affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The Company’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and this requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure at contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The significant areas requiring the use of management estimates include the allowance for doubtful accounts receivable, estimated useful life and residual value of property, plant and equipment, provision for staff benefit, valuation of change in fair value of warrant liability, recognition and measurement of deferred income taxes and valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. Although these estimates are based on management’s knowledge of current events and actions management may undertake in the future, actual results may ultimately differ from those estimates.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. This basis differs from that used in the statutory accounts of SkyPeople (China), Hedetang Food (China), Hedetang Holding, Huludao Wonder, Xi’an Cornucopia, Xi’an Hedetang Juice Beverages, Yingkou, Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo, Hedetang E-commerce, SkyPeople Suizhong, Agricultural Plantation Mei Counting, Food Industry Yidu, Food Industry Jingyang, Guo Wei Mei, Agriculture Plantation Yidu, Trading Market Yidu, Trading Market Mei County and Hedetang Plantations, which were prepared in accordance with the accounting principles and relevant financial regulations applicable to enterprises in the PRC. All necessary adjustments have been made to present the financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

 

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Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

On January 1, 2009, the Company adopted FASB Accounting Standard Codification Topic on Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”), which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC 820 does not require any new fair value measurements, but provides guidance on how to measure fair value by providing a fair value hierarchy used to classify the source of the information. In February 2008, FASB deferred the effective date of ASC 820 by one year for certain non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities, except those that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually). The Company adopted the provisions of ASC 820, except as it applies to those non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities for which the effective date has been delayed by one year.

 

ASC 820 establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy of valuation techniques based on observable and unobservable input, which may be used to measure fair value and include the following:

 

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 - Input other than Level 1 that is observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other input that is observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3 - Unobservable input that is supported by little or no market activity and that is significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 605, Revenue Recognition. Revenue from sales of products is recognized upon shipment or delivery to customers, provided that persuasive evidence of sales arrangements exist, title and risk of loss have been transferred to the customers, the sales amounts are fixed and determinable and collection of the revenue is reasonably assured. Customers have no contractual right to return products. Historically, the Company has not had any returned products. Accordingly, no provision has been made for returnable goods. The Company is not required to rebate or credit a portion of the original fee if it subsequently reduces the price of its product and the distributor still has rights with respect to that product. 

 

Foreign Currency and Other Comprehensive Income

 

The financial statements of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are measured using the local currency as the functional currency; however, the reporting currency of the Company is the United States dollar (“USD”). Assets and liabilities of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries have been translated into USD using the exchange rate at the balance sheet date, while equity accounts are translated using historical exchange rate. The average exchange rate for the period has been used to translate revenues and expenses.  Translation adjustments are reported separately and accumulated in a separate component of equity (cumulative translation adjustment).

 

Other comprehensive income for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 represented foreign currency translation adjustments and were included in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

 

There is no guarantee the RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into USD at rates used in translation.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are provided on an asset and liability approach for financial accounting and reporting of income taxes. Any tax paid by subsidiaries during the year is recorded. Current tax is based on the profit or loss from ordinary activities adjusted for items that are non-assessable or disallowable for income tax purpose and is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred income tax liabilities or assets are recorded to reflect the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and the financial reporting amounts at each period end. A valuation allowance is recognized if it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of a deferred tax asset will not be realized.

  

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ASC 740 provides guidance for recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions, and it prescribes a threshold condition that a tax position must meet for any of the benefits of the uncertain tax position to be recognized in the financial statements. ASC 740 also provides accounting guidance on derecognizing, classification and disclosure of these uncertain tax positions. The adoption of ASC 740 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

In accordance with the FASB ASC 360-10, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, long-lived assets, such as property, plant and equipment and purchased intangibles subject to amortization are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. It is reasonably possible that these assets could become impaired as a result of technological or other industrial changes. Determination of recoverability of assets to be held and used is by comparing the carrying amount of an asset to future net undiscounted cash flows to be generated by the assets.

 

If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.

 

During the fiscal years 2017 and 2016, the Company’s subsidiary Yingkou had no production because it had difficulty in remaining competitive in the apple juice market. In fiscal years 2017 and 2016, the Company’s recorded an impairment loss of $2.1 and $0 million with respect to the concentrated fruit juice production equipment in Yingkou.

 

The Company’s Huludao Wonder operation, a subsidiary which produces concentrated apple juice, suffered continued operating losses in the three fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and the cash flows were minimal during the same three fiscal years. Thus, in December 2016, we established a restructuring plan to close Huludao Wonder Operation. In fiscal year 2016, the Company’s recorded an impairment loss of $2.4 million with respect to the concentrated fruit juice production equipment in Huludao Wonder.  The Company plans to sell the assets of Huludao Wonder to a third party upon favorable circumstances.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recognized and carried at the original invoice amount less an allowance for any uncollectible amount. We have a policy of reserving for uncollectible accounts based on our best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in our existing accounts receivable. We extend credit to our customers based on an evaluation of their financial condition and other factors. We generally do not require collateral or other security to support accounts receivable. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and maintain an allowance for potential bad debts if required.

 

We determine whether an allowance for doubtful accounts is required by evaluating specific accounts where information indicates the customers may have an inability to meet financial obligations. In these cases, we use assumptions and judgment, based on the best available facts and circumstances, to record a specific allowance for those customers against amounts due to reduce the receivable to the amount expected to be collected. These specific allowances are re-evaluated and adjusted as additional information is received. The amounts calculated are analyzed to determine the total amount of the allowance. We may also record a general allowance as necessary.

 

Direct write-offs are taken in the period when we have exhausted our efforts to collect overdue and unpaid receivables or otherwise evaluate other circumstances that indicate that we should abandon such efforts.

  

The Company has not experienced any significant difficulty in collecting its accounts receivable in the past and is not aware of any financial difficulties being experienced by its major customers. Bad debt expense was $424,672 and $115,880 during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Our credit term for distributors with good credit history is from 30 days to 120 days. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, accounts receivables of $2,738,767 and $2,130,747 have been outstanding for over 120 days.

 

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Government Subsidies

 

A government subsidy is recognized only when the Company complies with any conditions attached to the grant and there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received.

 

The government subsidies recognized were $193,781 and $16,738 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 respectively, and are included in other income. Subsidy income for 2017 was mainly for our agriculture projects in Yidu and Meixian. Subsidy income for 2016 mainly represents the value-added tax rebates provided on our exports. The subsidy income decreased in 2017 as we had fewer exports in 2016 as compared to the previous year.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, “Clarifying the Definition of a Business,” which clarifies the definition of a business in ASC 805. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted. Currently, there is no impact to our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, but we will adopt on January 1, 2018 for any business combinations and will consider adopting early for any acquisitions prior to January 1, 2018. 

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, “Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting”, which amends the scope of modification accounting for share-based payment arrangements. The ASU provides guidance on the types of changes to the terms or conditions of share-based payment awards to which we would be required to apply modification accounting under ASC 718. Specifically, we would not apply modification accounting if the fair value, vesting conditions, and classification of the awards are the same immediately before and after the modification. The guidance is effective for annual reporting periods, including interim period within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period. We are currently evaluating the impact the standard may have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures should we have a modification to our share-based payment awards in the future.

 

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12. ASU 2017-12 amends the hedge accounting model in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 815 to enable entities to better portray the economics of their risk management activities in the financial statements and enhance the transparency and understandability of hedge results. ASU 2017-12 expands an entity’s ability to hedge non-financial and financial risk components and reduce complexity in fair value hedges of interest rate risk. The guidance eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and generally requires the entire change in the fair value of a hedging instrument to be presented in the same income statement line as the hedged item. The guidance also eases certain documentation and assessment requirements and modifies the accounting for components excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. The guidance in ASU 2017-12 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and is effective for the Company beginning July 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted in any interim period or fiscal year before the effective date. Adoption of ASU 2017-12 did not have any other material effect on the results of operations, financial position or cash flows of the Company.

 

Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by the FASB or other standards-setting bodies that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

 

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Comparison of Operation Results of years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

Revenue

 

The following table presents our consolidated revenues for our main products for the fiscal years 2017 and 2016, respectively, (in thousands):

 

   Year ended December 31,   % of 
   2017   2016   Change 
Concentrated apple juice and apple aroma  $1,845   $7,708    (76%)
Concentrated kiwifruit juice and kiwifruit puree   536    725    (26%)
Concentrated pear juice   1,128    9,262    (88%)
Fruit juice beverages   6,868    14,768    (53%)
Other   86    1,944    (96%)
Total  $10,463   $34,407    (70%)

 

Revenue decreased from $34.41 million in 2016 to $10.46 million in 2017, representing a decrease of 70%, or $23.95 million. This decrease was due to a decrease in sales for all of our products.

 

Sales generated from apple related products decreased from $7.71 million in 2016 to $1.85 million in 2017, representing a decrease of 76%. During 2017 and 2016, we sold 6,259 and 7,705 tons of concentrated apple juice and apple aroma, representing a decrease of 18.8% in the amount of apple-related products sold. Most of our concentrated apple juice was sold directly or indirectly to the international market. Because of the negative trends in the international market and estimated lower margins in previous years, our Yingkou and Huludao Wonder factories did not operate their concentrated apple juice production facilities in 2016 and 2017, which caused a lower inventory of concentrated apple juice and required us to purchase supply from third-party manufacturers to meet the demand from our customers. In December 2016, the Company established a winding-down plan to close the Huludao Wonder operation, as it suffered continued operating losses in the three fiscal years prior to 2016 and the cash flow was minimal for these three years. Based on the restructuring plan and in accordance with EITF 03-13, the Company presented the operation results from Huludao Wonder as a discontinued operation, as the Company believed that no continued cash flow would be generated by the disposed component (Huludao Wonder) and that the Company would have no significant continuing involvement in the operation of the discontinued component. In fiscal years 2017 and 2016, the Company’s recorded an impairment loss of $11.3 million and $2.4 million, respectively, with respect to the concentrated fruit juice production equipment and fixed assets in Huludao Wonder.

 

According to the data provided by Chinese Customs, the amount of exported concentrated apple juice from China increased by 14.7% in year 2017 as compared to 2016, but the unit price of exported concentrated apple juice from China declined by 5.1% in 2017 as compared to 2016. If the international concentrated apple juice demand continues to improve in future, the Company may resume the operation of Yingkou factory in 2018.

 

Sales from concentrated kiwifruit juice and kiwifruit puree decreased by 26%, from $0.73 million in 2016 to $0.54 million in 2017. The decrease was primarily a result of the decreased volume of products sold in 2017 as compared to 2016 as a result of a decrease in market demand of our products. During 2017 and 2016, we sold 259 and 327 tons of concentrated kiwifruit juice and kiwifruit puree, respectively.  

 

Sales of concentrated pear juice decreased by 88%, from $9.26 million in 2016 to $1.13 million in 2017. During 2017 and 2016, we sold 3,043 and 11,107 tons of concentrated pear juice, respectively, representing a decrease of 73%. The decrease of revenue generated from concentrated pear juice was mainly because of a decrease in the amount of products sold due to a decrease in customer demand.

  

Sales from our fruit juice beverages decreased from $14.77 million in 2016 to $6.87 million for 2017, representing a decrease of 53%. The decline in revenues during 2017 was primarily due to a decrease in the in-store demand of our products as a result of heavy competition in the Chinese market as consumers increased their fruit juice beverage purchases through on-line home delivery of groceries instead of through the traditional in-store supermarkets in which we sell our products.

 

Sales from our other products were $0.09 million and $1.9 million in 2017 and 2016, respectively. The amount of sales of other products is expected to be unstable and is generally not indicative of our future sales of other products.

 

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Gross Margin

 

   2017   2016 
   Gross
profit
   Gross
margin
   Gross
profit
   Gross
margin
 
Concentrated apple juice and apple aroma  $88    5%  $1,985    26%
Concentrated kiwifruit juice and kiwifruit puree   140    26%   62    9%
Concentrated pear juice   143    13%   2,101    23%
Fruit juice beverages   1,341    20%   4,692    32%
Others   22    26%   333    17%
Total  $1,734    17%  $9,173    27%

 

Gross profit decreased from $9.17 million in 2016 to $1.73 million in 2017 mainly due to a decrease in revenue. The gross profit margin was 17% and 27% for 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

Gross margin for concentrated apple juice and apple aroma were 5% and 26% for 2017 and 2016, respectively. The decrease in gross margin was mainly due to a decrease in the sales price of concentrated apple juice in the international market.

 

Gross margin for concentrated kiwifruit juice and kiwifruit puree increased from 9% for 2016 to 26% for 2017, primarily due to a decrease in the purchase prices of fresh kiwi purchased in the last squeezing season

 

Gross margin for concentrated pear juice decreased from 23% for 2016 to 13% for 2017 primarily due to the higher costs of raw material and the lower unit price. 

 

Gross margin of fruit juice beverages decreased from 32% in 2016 to 20% in 2017.  The decrease in profit margin was primarily due to the decrease of unit selling prices of our products in 2017 as compared 2016 as a result of heavy market competition.

 

Gross margin for other products was 25% in 2017 and 17% in 2016. Given the relatively low amount of production and sales of other products, their gross margin is expected to be unstable. 

 

Operating Expenses

 

The following table presents consolidated operating expenses and operating expenses as a percentage of revenue for 2017 and 2016, respectively:

 

   2017   2016 
   Amount   % of revenue   Amount   % of revenue 
General and administrative  $10,416,244    100%  $5,010,222    15%
Selling expenses   719,452    7%   1,932,148    6%
Impairment loss   89,685,890    857           
Total operating expenses  $100,821,586    964%  $6,942,370    21%

  

General and administrative expenses increased by $5.41 million from $5.01 million in 2016 to $10.42 million in 2017. The increase in general and administrative expenses was mainly due to an increase in depreciation expenses and legal expenses.

 

Selling expenses decreased to $0.72 million in 2017 as compared to $1.93 million for 2016, a decrease of 63%, or $1.21 million, mainly due to the reduced amount of sales generated during 2017. 

 

In 2017, the Company recorded an impairment loss of $89.82 million related to its fixed assets. Among this amount, $16.80 million was with respect to the construction in progress and fixed assets of Food Industry Yidu; an impairment loss of $25.06 million with respect to the construction in progress and fixed assets of SkyPeople Suizhong; an impairment loss of $6.24 million with respect to the construction in progress of Hedetang Agricultural Plantations (Yidu) Co., Ltd.; and an impairment loss of $11.34 million with respect to fixed assets of Huludao Wonder. The construction of the these operations has been stopped for more than 2 years due to a shortage of capital, and the Company cannot forecast the possible cash flow from these assets, and as a result, the Company recorded the impairment of assets for these assets.

 

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Loss from Operations

 

Loss from operations increased to $99.09 million for 2017 from an operating income of $2.23 million in 2016, representing an increased loss of $101.32 million. The increase in loss from operations as mainly due to a 79% decrease in revenue, and an increase of $93.88 million in total operating expenses.

 

Other Expense, Net

 

Other expense, net was $2.95 million for 2017, compared to $1.27 million for 2016. Subsidy income increased from $16,738 in 2016 to $554,553 for 2017. Subsidy income for 2017 and 2016 mainly represents the value-added tax rebates provided on our exports. Interest expense for 2017 was $3.08 million, representing an increase of $1.42 million or 86%, as compared to interest expense of $1.66 million for 2016. The increase was primarily due to higher interest rates on our bank loans in 2017 as compared to 2016. Other expenses was $428,611 for 2017 as other income was $207,386 for 2016. Other expenses for 2017 was mainly for other taxes related with transfer to land between subsidiaries. Other income for 2016 was mainly consisted of translation income from export business.

 

Income Taxes

 

Our provision for income taxes decreased from $1.60 in 2016 to $0.27 million in 2017. The decrease in income tax provision was mainly due to the reduced amount of income before tax generated in 2017 as compared to that in 2016. Some of our subsidiaries generated income and we accrued income tax according to the Chinese corporate income tax rate, but some subsidiaries recorded a loss and no tax provision was made.

 

Noncontrolling Interests

 

As of December 31, 2017, SkyPeople (China) held a 91.15% interest in Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo, and Hedetang Holding (HK) held a 73.42% interest in SkyPeople (China). TSD held a 26.36% interest in SkyPeople (China). Net income attributable to non-controlling interests increased mainly due to the increase in the net income generated from Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo and SkyPeople (China).

 

Loss from Discontinued Operations

 

Loss from discontinued operations was $14.66 million, an increase of $9.87 million as compared to a loss of $4.79 million for fiscal year 2016, which was mainly due to an increase in impairment loss of fixed assets related to the Company’s operation in Huludao, which was wound down in 2016.

 

Loss from Continuing Operations before Minority Interest and Net Income

 

Loss from continuing operations before minority interest increased by $101.07 million from $0.97 million in 2016 to $102.04 million in 2017 as the result of a decrease in income from operations and an increase in operating expenses, which was partially offset by a decrease in income provision, as previously discussed. Net loss for fiscal 2017 was $102.58 million, an increase of 97.29 million compared to a loss of $5.29 million fiscal 2016.

 

Earnings per Share

 

Basic and diluted loss per share from continuing operations were $18.09 in fiscal 2017, as compared to a loss of $0.19 for fiscal year 2016. Basic and diluted loss per share attributable to discontinued operations was $3.02 and $1.22 for fiscal year 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of December 31, 2017, we had cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $4.59 million, an increase of $3.44 million, from $1.14 million as of December 31, 2016. The increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash was mainly due to cash received in our direct registered offering. On April 12, 2017, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain purchasers (the “Purchasers”), pursuant to which the Company offered and sold to the Purchasers, in a registered direct offering, an aggregate of 862,097 shares of common stock for aggregate gross proceeds to the Company of $2,672,500, before deducting fees to the placement agent and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company. We expect that the projected cash flows from operations, anticipated cash receipts, cash on hand, and trade credit to provide sufficient capital to meet our projected operating cash requirements at least for the next 12 months, which does not take into account any potential expenditures related to the possible expansions of our current production capacity. On April 18, 2017, our investor exercised warrants according to the Securities Purchase Agreement that the Company entered with certain purchasers on April 12, 2017, and received an amount of $1,024,701 for 197,058 shares of the Company’s common stock issued.

 

Our working capital has historically been generated from our operating cash flows, advances from our customers and loans from bank facilities. Our working capital was negative $55.98 million as of December 31, 2017, a decrease of $80.63 million from working capital of $24.65 million as of December 31, 2016 mainly due to a decrease in current assets and an increase in current liabilities. In 2017, net cash provided by our operating activities was $23.66 million compared to cash outflow $34.44 million in 2016. The increase was primarily due to an increase in impairment loss and an increase in change in other receivables and accrued expenses, which was partially offset by a decrease in net income. The net loss of the Company was $102.58 million in 2017. Among this amount, $101.38 million was not loss in cash.

 

 

In 2017 and 2016, our investing activities used net cash of $0 and $21.04 million, respectively. In 2016, we made a refundable deposit about $30 million pursuant to the letter of intent to purchase the kiwifruits orchard, $37.4 million for the lease of the kiwifruits orchard in Mei County and $24 million for the lease of the orange orchard in Yidu city.

 

In 2017, cash used in our financing activities was $19.91 million as compared to $24.10 million in 2016. The decrease in cash outflow from financing activities was mainly due to a decrease in capital contributions.

 

On March 11, 2016, SkyPeople HK, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and a 99.78% owner of SkyPeople China entered into a Share Transfer Agreement and a Capital Contribution (the “Agreements”) with TSD, a limited liability corporation registered in China. Pursuant to the Agreements, TSD paid $16,641,291 and acquired 112,809,100 shares of SkyPeople China from SkyPeople HK, resulting in TSD owning 112,809,100 shares, or 26.36%, of SkyPeople China.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As of December 31, 2017, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

ITEM 7A – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 8 – FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The information called for by this item is included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements beginning on page F-1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. 

 

ITEM 9 – CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

 

Not applicable.  

 

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ITEM 9A – CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our CEO and CFO, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act, as of December 31, 2017.

 

The term “disclosure controls and procedures” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) means controls and other procedures of the Company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in reports, such as this report, that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives, and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

 

Based on that evaluation, our CEO and CFO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2017.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurances regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of our consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Our accounting policies and internal controls over financial reporting, established and maintained by management, are under the general oversight of the Board’s audit committee.

 

Our internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:

 

  pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets;
     
  provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and
     
  provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree or compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Management assessed our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017. The standard measures adopted by management in making its evaluation are the measures in the Internal-Control Integrated Framework published by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

 

Based on that assessment, our CEO and CFO concluded that our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017 was effective.

 

The Company continues to make efforts to implementing our existing and newly adopted procedures to improve our disclosure controls and internal controls over financing reporting.

 

Changes to Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There has been no change to our internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B – OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

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PART III

 

ITEM 10 – DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

The following table sets forth as of April 12, 2018 the names, positions and ages of our current executive officers and directors. Our directors serve until the next annual meeting of shareholders or until their successors are elected and qualified. Our officers are elected by the Board and their terms of office are, except to the extent governed by an employment contract, at the discretion of the Board.

 

Name of Current Director and/or Executive Officer   Age   Position(s)
Hongke Xue (1)   45   Director
Yongke Xue (2)   50   Chairman of Board of Directors, Chief Executive Officer
Hanjun Zheng   45   Interim Chief Financial Officer
Guolin Wang (3)(6)   54   Director
Johnson Lau (3)(4)   44   Director
Fuyou Li (3)(5)   64   Director

 

(1) On September 2, 2016, the Board appointed Hongke Xue to serve as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company and Chairman of the Board. Mr. Hongke Xue previously served as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer from February 18, 2013 to December 24, 2014.  Mr. Hongke was reappointed as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer on September 2, 2016.On January 5, 2018, Hongke Xue notified the Board his resignation from his position as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company and Chairman of the Board, effective on January 31, 2018. 
(2) On September 2, 2016, Mr. Yongke Xue resigned from his position as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company and Chairman of the Board of the Directors of the Company. Mr. Yongke Xue was appointed Chief Executive Officer on December 24, 2014, and resigned as Chief Executive Officer of the Company on September 2, 2016.On January 5, 2018, Mr. Yongke Xue was reappointed as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer effective on January 31, 2018.
(3) Member of the audit committee and compensation committee.
(4) Johnson Lau was appointed a member of the Board of Directors of the Company on December 23, 2014.

(5)

(6)

Fuyou Li was appointed a member of the Board of Directors of the Company on May 8, 2015.

Guolin Wang was appointed a member of the Board of Directors of the Company on April 7, 2008.

 

Yongke Xue, Director and Chief Executive Officer

 

Mr. Yongke Xue served as our Chief Executive Officer since January 31, 2018. Mr. Xue also served in that positions from February 26, 2008 to February 18, 2013, and from December 24, 2014 to September 2, 2016. Mr. Yongke Xue also serves as the Chairman of the Board.  Mr. Yongke Xue has served as the director of SkyPeople (China) since December 2005. Mr. Xue served as the general manager of Hede from December 2005 to June 2007. Prior to that, he served as the business director of the investment banking division of Hualong Securities Co., Ltd. from April 2001 to December 2005. He also acted as the vice general manager of Shaanxi Huaye Foods Co., Ltd. from July 1998 to March 2001. Mr. Xue graduated from Xi’an Jiaotong University with an MBA in 2000. Mr. Xue graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Metal Material & Heat Treatment from National University of Defense Technology in July 1989. The Board believes that Mr. Xue’s vision, leadership and extensive knowledge of the Company is essential to the development of its strategic vision.

 

Hongke XueDirector

 

Mr. Hongke Xue is a brother of Mr. Yongke Xue. Mr Xue has served as a director since February 2013, and previously served as our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board from February 18, 2013 to December 24, 2014, and from September 2, 2016 to January 31, 2018. Mr. Xue has also served as the Chief Executive Officer of SkyPeople (China) since 2003. Prior to that, Mr. Hongke Xue served as the Chief Executive Officer of Tangshan Fengyuan Metal Products, a sino-foreign joint venture, from March 2002 to March 2003. Prior to that, he served as the general manager of Baoji Industrial Products Co., Ltd., a wholly foreign owned enterprise, from April 2001 to March 2002, and deputy general manager of Shaanxi DePu Industry and Trade Co., Ltd. from October 1997 to April 2001. H. K. Xue received a bachelor degree in business management from Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics in July 1995. H. K. Xue’s experience in management and corporate development and his experience with fruit juice industry, the development and sale of products will enable him to provide effective leadership to continue to grow the Company’s business. The Board believes that Mr. Hongke Xue’s experience in the Company’s business operations are crucial to the success of the Company.

 

54

 

 

Hanjun Zheng, Interim Chief Financial Officer

 

Mr. Hanjun Zheng was appointed by the Board as Interim Chief Financial Officer on November 27, 2015. Since December, 2009, Mr. Zheng has been serving as the Chief Financial Officer of SkyPeople China. Mr. Zheng was the deputy general manager at Jingyang Branch of SkyPeople Juice Group Co., Ltd. from March, 2006 to November 2009. From May, 1994 to February, 2006, Mr. Zheng was the Financial Accounting Manager at Shaanxi Provincial Fruit Juice Processing Factory, a state-owned enterprise in Shaanxi, China. Mr. Zheng earned his bachelor degree in accounting by passing Chinese National Self-Examination in Financial Accounting in 1996. Mr. Zheng graduated from Shaanxi Technical College of Finance and Economics and received his junior college degree in Financial Accounting in 1994. Mr. Zheng received additional training in Advanced Business Management and Advanced Financial and Accounting Management at Jiaotong University in March, 2011 and July, 2012, respectively. There is no family relationship between Mr. Zheng and any of the Company’s directors and officers. The Board believes that Mr. Zheng’s strong experience in accounting and financial reporting is important to the Company since the Company is listed in the United States. 

 

Guolin Wang, Director

 

Mr. Wang has been serving as one of our directors since April 7, 2008. Mr. Wang has served as a director of SkyPeople (China) since October 2005. Since 1996 he has been a professor in the Finance Department of the Management School and in the Economics and Finance School of Xi’an Jiaotong University. He previously served as the director and chairman of Xi’an Changtian Environmental Protection Engineering Co., Ltd. from February 2006 to June 2007. Mr. Wang graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Electronics & Telecommunication from Xi’an Jiaotong University in July 1983. In July 1983, he attained a Master’s degree in Management Science and Engineering from Xian Jiaotong University. He graduated with a Doctorate degree in Management and Science and Engineering from Xi’an Jiaotong University’s School of Economics & Finance in 2006. The Board believes that Mr. Wang’s strong experience in engineering is important to the Company’s business operations.

 

Johnson LauDirector

 

On December 23, 2014, the Board appointed Johnson Lau as a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and also the Chairman of Audit committee. Mr. Lau is entitled for US$25,000 per annum as compensation for his service as a director of the Company and audit committee Chair of the Board.

 

Mr. Lau is the Chief Financial Officer of China Golden Classic Group Limited (“China Golden”), a company listed in Hong Kong Stock Exchange Limited (HKEX: 8281.HK) since 2015. Mr. Lau is a Certified Public Accountant of the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants and CPA Australia. Mr. Lau has over 20 years of experience in the accounting profession. Mr. Lau started his career in Deloitte in Hong Kong and Beijing from 1997 to 2004. Prior to joining China Golden in July 2015, Mr. Lau worked in various public companies in the United States and England as Director of Finance and CFO for over ten years. He holds a bachelor degree in commerce from Monash University, Australia. The Board believes that Mr. Lau’s extensive knowledge and experience in accounting and his public company experience is important to the Company’s internal controls and financial reporting and its status as a US traded public company. During the period between 2004 and 2013, Mr. Lau worked in various public companies listed in the United States and England as director of finance and chief financial officer. Mr. Lau was the chief financial officer and was subsequently an executive director of Haike Chemical Group Limited, a company listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE code: HAIK), from December 2006 to March 2009. Mr. Lau subsequently resigned as chief financial officer and was redesignated as a non-executive director of Haike Chemical Group Limited in March 2009. He retired as a non-executive director in January 2010. From April 2009, Mr. Lau was employed by Auto China International Limited, a company listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market and subsequently quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board (NASDAQ/OTC code: AUTCF) as chief financial officer. He was redesignated as the director of finance in July 2009 and subsequently departed in June 2013. From June 2010 to January 2013, Mr. Lau was an independent director of Lizhan Environmental Corporation (NASDAQ code: LZEN). Mr. Lau was the chief financial officer of SGOCO Group, Ltd., a company listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market (NASDAQ code: SGOC), from July 2013 to June 2015.

 

55

 

 

Fuyou Li, Director

 

On May 8, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors appointed Mr. Fuyou Li as a member of the Company’s Board of Directors effective as of that date. The Board of Directors also appointed Mr. Li as a member of both audit committee and compensation committee. Mr. Li, age 62, graduated from Xi’an Jiaotong University with a doctor’s degree in economics. He has taught international finance as a professor in Xi’an Jiaotong University for the past 6 years. In determining that Mr. Li should serve on the Company’s Board of Directors, the Board considered, among other qualifications, his professional background and expertise in international finance.

 

 Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires that directors, certain officers of the Company and ten percent shareholders file reports of ownership and changes in ownership with the Commission as to the Company’s securities beneficially owned by them. Such persons are also required by SEC rules to furnish the Company with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.

 

Based solely on its review of copies of such forms received by the Company, or on written representations from certain reporting persons, the Company believes that, other than as described above, all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to its officers, directors and greater than ten percent shareholders were complied with during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, except for the following: Zeyao Xue did not report his acquisition of indirect shared beneficial ownership of 2,337,155 shares of the Company’s common stock on September 27, 2017.

 

Code of Ethics

 

We have adopted a code of business conduct and ethics that applies to all of our employees, officers and directors, including those officers responsible for financial reporting. Our code of business conduct and ethics is available on our website at www.ftft.top and may be found by first clicking on “Investors,” then “Corporate Governance” and then “Governance Documents.” We intend to disclose any amendments to the code, or any waivers of its requirements, on our website. 

 

Committees of the Company’s Board of Directors

 

The Board held 22 regularly scheduled and special meetings during fiscal year 2017. All of the directors attended (in person or by telephone) all of the Board meetings and any committees of the Board on which they served during the fiscal year. Directors are expected to use their best efforts to be present at the shareholders annual meeting. All of our directors attended the December 28, 2017 shareholders annual meeting by tele-conference.

 

Audit Committee

 

On April 25, 2008, the Board formed an audit committee. Messrs. Lau, Li and Wang currently serve on the audit committee, which is chaired by Mr. Lau. Each member of the audit committee is “independent” as that term is defined in the rules of the SEC and within the meaning of such term as defined under the rules of the NASDAQ Global Market. The Board has determined that each audit committee member has sufficient knowledge in financial and auditing matters to serve on the audit committee. The audit committee held seven meetings during fiscal year 2017, and all audit committee members attended each of those meetings. Our Board has determined that Mr. Lau is an “audit committee financial expert,” as defined under the applicable SEC rules.

 

56

 

 

Compensation Committee

 

On April 25, 2008, the Board formed a compensation committee. Messrs. Lau, Li and Wang currently serve on the compensation committee, which is chaired by Mr. Lau.  Each member of the compensation committee is “independent” as that term is defined in the SEC rules and within the meaning of such term as defined under the rules of the NASDAQ Global Market, a “nonemployee director” for purposes of Section 16 of the Exchange Act and an “outside director” for purposes of Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. No interlocking relationship exists between the Board or the compensation committee and the Board or compensation committee of any other company, nor has any interlocking relationship existed during the last fiscal year. The compensation committee held two meetings during fiscal year 2017, and all compensation committee members attended those meeting. 

 

Other Committees

 

The Board may on occasion establish other committees, as it deems necessary or required. We do not currently have a standing nominating committee, or a committee performing similar functions. The full Board currently serves this function. Our directors believe that it is not necessary to have such committees, at this time, because the functions of such committees can be adequately performed by the Board. The Board will assess all candidates, whether submitted by management or shareholders, and make recommendations for election or appointment. There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to the Board.

 

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

 

None of the Company’s executive officers has served as a member of a compensation committee, or other committee serving an equivalent function, of any other entity whose executive officers serve as a director of the Company or member of the Company’s compensation committee. 

 

Family Relationships

 

Mr. Yongke Xue, the chairman of our Board and our Chief Executive Officer, is the brother of Mr. Hongke Xue, a member of the Board.

 

ITEM 11 – EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Compensation Discussion and Analysis

 

Compensation Objectives

 

We operate in a highly competitive and rapidly changing industry. The key objectives of our executive compensation programs are to:

 

  attract, motivate and retain executives who drive our success and industry leadership; and provide each executive, from vice president to CEO, with a base salary on the market value of that role, and

 

  the individual’s demonstrated ability to perform that role.

 

2011 Stock Incentive Plan

 

On August 18, 2011, upon board recommendation, at the annual meeting of the shareholders, our shareholder approved a Stock Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”). The purpose of the Plan is to provide an additional inducement for selected employees, consultants and non-employee directors who provide services to the Company, to reward such selected individuals by providing an opportunity to acquire incentive awards, and to provide a means through which we may attract able persons to enter the employment of, or engagement, with the Company. Up to 1,000,000 shares of Common Stock (subject to adjustment in the event of stock splits and other similar events) may be issued pursuant to awards granted under the Plan.

 

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The Plan provides for the grant of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights and incentive compensation awards paid in cash or Stock to selected employees, consultants and non-employee directors of the Company. Options granted under the Plan may be “incentive stock options” as defined in Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), or nonqualified options, and will be designated as such. At present, there are approximately 205 employees and consultants and three non-employee directors eligible to participate in the Plan. The Plan will be administered by the Board of Directors or compensation committee of the Board. The administrator will have complete discretion to select the optionees and to establish the terms and conditions of each option, subject to the provisions of the Plan.

 

On November 19, 2015, the Company’s shareholders approved Omnibus Equity Plan at the annual stockholders meeting, which permits the grant of incentive stock options (“ISOs”), nonqualified stock options (“NQSOs”), stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock, unrestricted stock and restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to its employees of up to 250,000 shares of Common Stock.

 

On March 13, 2018, the Company’s shareholders approved Omnibus Equity Plan at the annual stockholders meeting, which permits the grant of incentive stock options (“ISOs”), nonqualified stock options (“NQSOs”), stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock, unrestricted stock and restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to its employees of up to1,300,000 shares of Common Stock.

 

We believe that the future success of the Company depends, in large part, upon the ability of the Company to maintain a competitive position in attracting, retaining and motivating key personnel. As of the date of this report, all the shares have been granted and issued under 2011 Plan.

 

 What Our Compensation Program is Designed to Reward

 

Our compensation program is designed to reward each individually named executive officer’s contribution to the advancement of our overall performance and execution of our goals, ideas and objectives.  It is designed to reward and encourage exceptional performance at the individual level in the areas of organization, creativity and responsibility while supporting our core values and ambitions. This in turn aligns the interest of our executive officers with the interests of our shareholders, and thus with our interests. 

 

Determining Executive Compensation

 

The Board’s compensation committee reviews and approves the compensation program for executive officers annually after the close of each year. Reviewing the compensation program at such time allows the compensation committee to consider the overall performance of the past year and the financial and operating plans for the upcoming year in determining the compensation program for the upcoming year.

 

A named executive officer’s base salary is determined by an assessment of his sustained performance against individual job responsibilities, including, where appropriate, the impact of his performance on our business results, current salary in relation to the salary range designated for the job, experience and mastery, and potential for advancement.  The compensation committee also annually reviews market compensation levels with comparable jobs in the industry to determine whether the total compensation for our officers remains in the targeted median pay range.

 

Role of Executive Officers in Determining Executive Compensation

 

The compensation committee determines the compensation for the CEO, which is based on various factors, such as level of responsibility and contributions to our performance. The CFO recommends the compensation for our executive officers (other than the compensation of the CEO) to the compensation committee. The compensation committee reviews the recommendations made by the CEO and determines the compensation of the CFO and the other executive officers. 

 

Employment Agreements

 

We do not currently have an employment agreement with any of our CEO and CFO.

 

On February 8, 2018, the Company entered into an Employment agreement with the Chief Technology Officer for a period of one year from the signing date.

 

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Summary Compensation of Named Executive Officers

 

Our executive officers do not receive any compensation for serving as executive officers of the Company. However, except for our former CEO, the remaining executive officers are compensated by and through SkyPeople (China). Our former CEO, Yongke Xue, has not received any compensation from us or any of our subsidiaries for his services in the past three years. The following table sets forth information concerning cash and non-cash compensation paid by the Company or SkyPeople (China) to our named executive officers for 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

Name and Principal
Position
  Year
Ended
   Salary
($)
   Bonus
($)
   Stock Awards   Option Awards   Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation
($)
   Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Earnings
($)
   All Other Compensation
($)
   Total
($)
 
Yongke Xue (1)   12/31/2017    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Yongke Xue (1)   12/31/2016    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
                                              
Hongke Xue (1)   12/31/2017    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Hongke Xue (1)   12/31/2016    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
                                              
Hanjun Zheng(2)   12/31/2017   $12,863    -    -    -    -    -    -   $12,863 
    12/31/2016   $12,352    -    -    -    -    -    -   $11,662 

 

(1) On January 5, 2018, Hongke Xue notified the Board his resignation from his position as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company and Chairman of the Board, effective on January 31, 2018. On January 5, 2018, Mr. Yongke Xue was reappointed as the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board effective on January 31, 2018.
(2) Mr. Hanjun Zheng was appointed by the Board as Interim Chief Financial Officer on November 27, 2015.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at December 31, 2017

 

The following table presents certain information concerning outstanding equity awards held by each of our named executive officers at December 31, 2017.

 

    Option Awards 
Name   Number of securities underlying unexercised options (#) exercisable    Number of securities underlying unexercised options (#) unexercisable    Equity incentive plan awards: number of securities underlying unexercised unearned options (#)    Option exercise price
($)
    Option expiration date 
Yongke Xue   -    -    -    -    - 
Hongke Xue   -    -    -    -    - 
Hanjun Zheng   -    -    -    -    - 

 

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On February 28, 2017, the Company issued options to purchase 62,500 shares of the Company’s common stock with an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s Common Stock (as defined under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan in conformity with Regulation 409A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended) at the date of grant to three of the Company’s employees pursuant to the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders at the annual stockholders meeting on August 18, 2011. These options vested immediately on the grant date with a fair market value of $223,375 based on the fair value of $3.57 per share, which was determined by using the Black Scholes option pricing model. The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $223,375 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan.

 

The Company’s 2015 Omnibus Equity Plan permits the grant of incentive stock options (“ISOs”), nonqualified stock options (“NQSOs”), stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock, unrestricted stock and restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to its employees of up to 250,000 shares of Common Stock.

 

On March 29, 2017, the Company issued 250,000 shares of the Company’s unrestricted common stock to six of the Company’s employees pursuant to our 2015 Omnibus Equity Plan, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders at the annual stockholders meeting on November 19, 2015. The Company recorded an expense of $250 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 under the 2015 Omnibus Equity Plan, reflecting a par value of $0.001 per share of the Company’s common stock. 

 

On April 12, 2017, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with certain purchasers (the “Purchasers”), pursuant to which the Company offered and sold to the Purchasers, in a registered direct offering, an aggregate of 862,097 shares (the “Shares”) of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”). The Shares were sold to the Purchasers at a negotiated purchase price of $3.10 per share, for aggregate gross proceeds to the Company of $2,672,500, before deducting fees to the placement agent and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company. The Shares were offered pursuant to an effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3, which was originally filed with the SEC on August 3, 2015, amended on February 17, 2017, and was declared effective on February 23, 2017 (File No. 333-206353) (the “Registration Statement”). 

 

In a concurrent private placement, the Company also issued to each of the Purchasers a warrant to purchase one (1) share of the Company’s Common Stock for each share purchased under the Purchase Agreement, pursuant to that certain Common Stock Purchase Warrant, by and between the Company and each Purchaser (each, a “Warrant”, and collectively, the “Warrants”). The Warrants will be exercisable beginning on the six month anniversary of the date of issuance at an initial exercise price of $5.20 per share and will expire on the five and a half year anniversary of the date of issuance.

 

The Warrants and the shares of the Company’s Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants (the “Warrant Shares”) are not being registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), pursuant to the Company’s Registration Statement, and were instead offered pursuant to the exemption provided in Section 4(a)(2) under the Securities Act. Each Purchaser was either (i) an “accredited investor” as defined in Rule 501(a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(3), (a)(7) or (a)(8) under the Securities Act or (ii) a “qualified institutional buyer” as defined in Rule 144A(a) under the Securities Act. 

 

On April 18, 2017, our investor exercised warrants according to the Securities Purchase Agreement that the Company entered with certain purchasers on April 12, 2017, and received an amount of $1,024,701 for 197,058 shares of the Company’s common stock issued/

 

In connection with the private placement and in accordance with the Purchase Agreement, the Company was required to file a registration statement on Form S-1 within 45 calendar days after the date of the Purchase Agreement to provide for the resale of the Warrant Shares. The Company filed a registration statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-218276) on May 26, 2017, which was declared effective on June 12, 2017.

 

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Rodman & Renshaw, a unit of H.C. Wainwright & Co., served as our placement agent in connection with the offering under the Purchase Agreement and received warrants to purchase our Common Stock in an amount equal to 4% of our Shares sold to the Purchasers in the offering on substantially the same terms as the Warrants, with an initial exercise price of $5.20 per share, except that the termination date shall be April 12, 2022 and the warrants have certain transfer restrictions pursuant to FINRA Rule 5110 (the “Placement Agent Warrants”).  

  

Per the terms of the Purchase Agreement, the Company and the Purchasers agreed to the following: (i) that subject to certain exceptions, the Company will not, within the ninety day period immediately following the closing of the offering, enter into any agreement to issue or announce the issuance or proposed issuance of any securities; (ii) the Company will not, during the period in which the Warrants are outstanding, enter into an agreement to effect a “Variable Rate Transaction,” as that term is defined in the Purchase Agreement; and (iii) until the one-year anniversary of the closing of the offering, the Company will not undertake a reverse or forward stock split or reclassification of the Common Stock without the prior written consent of the Purchasers holding a majority in interest of the Shares then outstanding and still held by them, subject to certain exceptions. 

 

The Company also agreed to indemnify each of the Purchasers against certain losses resulting from its breach of any representations, warranties or covenants under agreements with each of the Purchasers, as well as under certain other circumstances described in the Purchase Agreement. 

 

Compensation of Directors

 

Since 2008, we have (i) paid each of our nonemployee directors residing in the United States an annual fee of $25,000, (ii) reimbursed our directors for actual, reasonable and customary expenses incurred in connection with the performance of their duties as board members and (iii) paid the chairman of our audit committee a fee of $25,000 for his or her service as chairman.

 

There was no change to the compensation to our directors in 2017. The following table sets forth information concerning cash and non-cash compensation paid by us to our directors during 2017.

 

Name  Fees Paid in Cash
($)
   Stock
Awards
   Option Awards   Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation
($)
   Non-Qualified Deferred Compensation Earnings
($)
   All Other Compensation ($)   Total
($)
 
Yongke Xue                            
Hongke Xue                            
Guolin Wang (1)  $8,850                       $8,850 
Fuyou Li (2)  $8,850                       $8,850 
Johnson Lau (3)  $25,000                       $25,000 

 

(1) On April 7, 2008, the Company’s Board of Directors appointed Mr. Guolin Wang as a member of the Board of Directors and a member of both the audit committee and compensation committee.  Mr. Wang is entitled to US$8,850 per annum as compensation for his services as a director of the Company.
(2) On May 8, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors appointed Mr. Fuyou Li as a member of the Board of Directors and a member of both the audit committee and compensation committee. Mr. Li is entitled for US$8,850 per annum as compensation for his service as director of the Company.
(3) On December 23, 2014, the Board appointed Johnson Lau as a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and also the Chairman of audit committee and a member of compensation committee. Mr. Lau is entitled for US$25,000 per annum as compensation for his services as a director of the Company and chair of compensation committee.

 

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ITEM 12 – SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

 

Set forth below is our equity compensation plan information:

 

Plan category   Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights     Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights     Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))  
    (a)     (b)     (c)  
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders (1)     62,500     $ 3.57 (2)     -  
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders             -     $ N/A                 -  
Total     -                  -       -  

 

(1) Consists of equity incentive plans, which were approved by the Company’s shareholders at its annual meetings on August 18, 2011 and November 19, 2015. On February 28, 2017, the Company issued options to purchase 62,500 shares of the Company’s common stock with an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s Common Stock (as defined under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan in conformity with Regulation 409A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended) at the date of grant to three of the Company’s employees pursuant to the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders at the annual stockholders meeting on August 18, 2011. These options vested immediately on the grant date with a fair market value of $223,375 based on the fair value of $3.57 per share, which was determined by using the Black Scholes option pricing model. The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $223,375 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 under the 2011 Stock Incentive Plan. As of December 31, 2017, there were no shares available for issuance under either of the two stock incentive plans.
(2) The exercise price of options granted and stock appreciation rights under the Plan may be no less than the fair market value of the Company’s Stock on the date of grant.

   
 

On March 29, 2017, the Company issued 250,000 shares of the Company’s unrestricted common stock to six of the Company’s employees pursuant to our Omnibus Equity Plan, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders at the annual stockholders meeting on November 19, 2015. The Company recorded an expense of $250 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 under the 2015 Omnibus Equity Plan, reflecting a par value of $0.001 per share of the Company’s common stock. 

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

 

The following table provides information concerning beneficial ownership of our capital stock as of April 12, 2018 by:

 

  each shareholder or group of affiliated shareholders who owns more than 5% of our outstanding capital stock;
     
  each of our named executive officers;
     
  each of our directors; and all of our directors and
     
  executive officers as a group.

 

The following table lists the number of shares and percentage of shares beneficially owned based on 25,417,083 shares of our Common Stock outstanding as of April 12, 2018.

  

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the SEC rules, and generally includes voting power and/or investment power with respect to the securities held. Shares of Common Stock subject to options and warrants currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of April 12, 2018 or issuable upon conversion of convertible securities which are currently convertible or convertible within 60 days of April 12, 2018 are deemed outstanding and beneficially owned by the person holding those options, warrants or convertible securities for purposes of computing the number of shares and percentage of shares beneficially owned by that person, but are not deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage beneficially owned by any other person. Except as indicated in the footnotes to this table, and subject to applicable community property laws, the persons or entities named have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of our Common Stock shown as beneficially owned by them.

 

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Unless otherwise indicated in the footnotes, the principal address of each of the shareholders below is c/o Future FinTech Group Inc., 23/F, China Development Bank Tower, No. 2 Gaoxin 1st Road, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, PRC 710075.

 

Shares Beneficially Owned 
Name of Beneficial Owner  Number   Percent 
Directors, Named Executive Officers and 5% Shareholders        
Yongke Xue (1)   2,337,155    9.2%
Hongke Xue        
Guolin Wang        
Hanjun Zheng        
Fuyou Li        
Johnson Lau        
All current directors and executive officers as a group (6 persons)   2,337,155    9.2%
Zeyao Xue (2)   13,699,314    53.9%
Mengyao Chen (3)   3,323,225    13.1%
Shuiliang Xiao (4)   3,409,466    13.4%
    20,432,005    80.4%

 

(1) Consists of (i) 665,200 shares owned by directly by SkyPeople International Holdings Group Limited (“SP International”), a Cayman Islands company, (ii) 1,488,570 shares owned directly by Golden Dawn International Limited, a British Virgin Islands company, (iii) 183,385 shares owned directly by China Tianren Organic Food Holding.  Each of SP International, Golden Dawn International Limited and China Tianren Organic Good Holding are indirect subsidiaries of V.X. Fortune Capital Limited, a British Virgin Islands company.  Yongke Xue is the sole director of each of (i) SP International and (ii) V.X. Fortune Capital Limited.
   
(2) Mr. Zeyao Xue, the son of Yongke Xue, holds all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Fancylight Limited, which is the indirect owner of those shares held by SP International, Golden Dawn International Limited and China Tianren Organic Food Holding.  As such, Mr. Zeyao Xue shares beneficial ownership of 2,337,155 of his shares with Mr. Yongke Xue.  
   
(3)

The shares were issued to Mengyao Chen, pursuant to a Creditor’s Rights Transfer Agreement between Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and Shaanxi Fu Chen Venture Capital Management Co., Ltd., dated November 2, 2017, which was filed with SEC in a Form 8-K dated November 6, 2017.

(4)

The shares were issued to Shuiliang Xiao, pursuant to two Creditor’s Rights Transfer Agreements between Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and Shaanxi Chunlv Ecological Agriculture Co., Ltd. and Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd, dated November 2, 2017, which was filed with SEC in a Form 8-K dated November 6, 2017.

 

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ITEM 13 – CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

For details of related party transactions, see Note 11 “Related Party Transaction” to our consolidated financial statements.

 

Director Independence

 

We currently have five directors. Three of our current directors, Messrs. Guolin Wang, Johnson Lau and Fuyou Li, are determined by our Board to be “independent directors” as defined under the rules of the NASDAQ Global Market, constituting a majority of independent directors of the Board as required by the rules of the NASDAQ Global Market. 

 

ITEM 14 – PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

 

The following table shows the fees that we paid or accrued for audit and other services for fiscal years 2017 and 2016. All of the services described in the following fee table were approved in conformity with the audit committee’s pre-approval process.

 

Audit Fees

 

The amounts set forth opposite “Audit Fees” above reflect the aggregate fees billed or billable by Wang Certified Public Accountant, P.C.

 

   2017   2016 
Audit Fees  $200,000   $205,000 
Tax Fees   6,000    6,000 
All Other Fees        
Total  $206,000   $211,000 

 

Audit Fees

 

The amounts set forth opposite “Audit Fees” above reflect the aggregate fees billed or billable by Wang Certified Public Accountant, P.C. (“Wang”).

 

Wang Certified Public Accountant, P.C. succeeded to the registration status of predecessor firm named as Jia Roger Qian Wang, CPA in PCAOB in March, 2017. Wang has provided professional services for the audit of our fiscal 2017 and 2016 annual financial statements, respectively.

 

Wang provided professional services for the audit of our fiscal year 2017 financial statements and $140,000 was billed for the audit of consolidated financial statements for fiscal 2017, the quarterly review fees $60,000 was billed for 2017 quarterly financial reports.

 

Wang provided professional services for the audit of our fiscal year 2016 financial statements and $160,000 was billed for the audit of consolidated financial statements for fiscal 2016, the quarterly review fees $45,000 was billed for 2016 quarterly financial reports. 

 

Tax Fees

 

The amounts set forth opposite “Tax Fees” above reflect the aggregate fees billed for fiscal 2017 and 2016 for professional services rendered for tax compliance and return preparation. The compliance and return preparation services consisted of the preparation of original and amended tax returns and support during the income tax audit or inquiries.

 

The Board audit committee’s policy is to pre-approve all audit services and all non-audit services that our independent accountants are permitted to perform for us under applicable federal securities regulations. The audit committee’s policy utilizes an annual review and general pre-approval of certain categories of specified services that may be provided by the independent accountant, up to pre-determined fee levels. Any proposed services not qualifying as a pre-approved specified service, and pre-approved services exceeding the pre-determined fee levels, require further specific pre-approval by the audit committee. The audit committee has delegated to the Chairman of the audit committee the authority to pre-approve audit and non-audit services proposed to be performed by the independent accountants. Our audit committee was established in April 2008. Therefore, all the services provided by our auditors in fiscal years 2017 and 2016 were pre-approved by the audit committee.

 

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Changes in Registrant’s Certified Accountant

 

On April 12, 2016, the Board of Directors of the Company dismissed Armanino LLP (“Armanino”) as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, effectively immediately. During the Company’s fiscal years ended December 31, 2014 and the subsequent periods through the effective date of the dismissal of Armanino, there were no disagreements on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure or auditing scope of procedure, which disagreement, if not resolved to the satisfaction of Armanino, would have caused Armanino to make reference thereto in its reports on the Company’s consolidated financial statements for such periods. There have been no reportable events as provided in Item 304(a)(1)(v) of Regulation S-K during the Company’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2014 and any subsequent interim period, including the interim period up to and including the effective date of the dismissal of Armanino. 

 

On April 12, 2016, the Audit Committee approved the engagement of Wei, Wei & Co., LLP (“Wei & Wei”) as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, effective immediately. The Audit Committee also approved Wei & Wei to act as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2016.

 

On September 19, 2016, the Company received a letter from Wei & Wei stating that it would cease its services as the independent registered public accounting firm of the Company, effective from September 19, 2016. During the period of Wei & Wei’s engagement, there were no disagreements between the Company and Wei & Wei on matters of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure or auditing scope or procedure, which disagreements, if not resolved to satisfaction of Wei & Wei, would have caused Wei & Wei to make reference thereto in its reports on the Company’s consolidated financial statements for such periods. There were no reportable events as provided in Item 304(a)(1)(v) of Regulation S-K during the term of the engagement.

 

On September 22, 2016, the Audit Committee of Board of Directors of the Company approved the engagement of Wang as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, effectively immediately. The Audit Committee also approved Wang to act as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal years ending December 31, 2015 and 2016.

 

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PART IV

 

ITEM 15 – EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

 

(a) (1)    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

 

The following financial statements, including notes thereto and the independent auditors’ report with respect thereto, are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, starting on page F-1 hereof:

 

1. Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
2. Report of Independent Public Registered Accounting Firm
3. Consolidated Balance Sheets
4. Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income
5. Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity
6. Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
7. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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(b)          EXHIBITS:

 

Exhibit Index

 

Exhibit Number   Description
2.1   Share Exchange Agreement, dated as of February 22, 2008 by and among Pacific Industry Holding Group Co., Ltd., “Pacific,” Terrence Leong, SkyPeople Fruit Juice, Inc., the “Registrant,” and the shareholders of Pacific. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on February 28, 2008, the “February 28, 2008 8-K”.
3.1   Second Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, dated June 6, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on June 9, 2017.
3.2   Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of the Registrant’s Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the February 28, 2008 8-K.
3.3   Certificate of Designations, Preferences, Rights and Limitations of the Registrant’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the February 28, 2008 8-K.
3.4   Amended and Restated Bylaws, dated June 6, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on June 9, 2017. corporated by reference
3.5   Articles of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant filed with the Department of State of Florida on March 10, 2016. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on March 15, 2016.
3.6   Articles of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant filed with the Department of State of Florida on March 14, 2018. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on March 16, 2018.
4.1   Form of Warrant. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on April 13, 2017.
9.1   Voting Trust Agreement, dated as of February 25, 2008, by and among Fancylight Limited and Hongke Xue. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 9.1 to the March 3, 2008 8-K.
9.2   Voting Trust and Escrow Agreement, dated as of February 25, 2008, by and among Winsun Limited and Sixiao An. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 9.2 to the March 3, 2008 8-K.
9.3   Voting Trust and Escrow Agreement, dated as of February 25, 2008, by and among China Tianren Organic Food Holding Company Limited and Lin Bai. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 9.3 to the March 3, 2008 8-K.
10.1   Underwriting Agreement, dated as of October 28, 2009, by and among the Company, Roth Capital Partners, LLC, Maxim Group LLC, Barron Partners LP and Eos Holdings, LLC. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 1.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on October 29, 2009.
10.2   English translation of the Distribution Agreement dated as of January 8, 2010, by and between Shaanxi Qiyiwangguo Modern Organic Agriculture Co. Ltd. and Beijing Ni’aode Trading Co., Ltd. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.01 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on January 13, 2010.
10.3   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated June 30, 2009 between Shaanxi Tianren Organic Food Co., Ltd. and Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi’an branch of China Construction Bank Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.29 of the 2009 10-K.
10.4   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated November 6, 2009 between Shaanxi Tianren Organic Food Co., Ltd. and Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi’an branch of China Construction Bank. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.30 of the 2009 10-K.
10.5   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated November 24, 2009 between Shaanxi Tianren Organic Food Co., Ltd. and Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi’an branch of China Construction Bank. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.31 of the 2009 10-K.

 

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Exhibit Number   Description
10.6   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated June 26, 2009 between Huludao Wonder Fruit Co., Ltd. and Suizhong Branch, Commercial Bank of Huludao. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.32 of the 2009 10-K.
10.7   English Translation of Pledge Agreement dated June 26, 2009 between Huludao Wonder Fruit Co., Ltd. and Suizhong Branch, Commercial Bank of Huludao. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.33 of the 2009 10-K.
10.8   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated August 12, 2009 between Shaanxi Tianren Organic Food Co., Ltd. and Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi’an branch of China Construction Bank Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.34 of the 2009 10-K.
10.9   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated July 19, 2010 between Huludao Wonder Fruit Co., Ltd. and Suizhong Branch, Huludao Bank Co., Ltd. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.16 of the 2010 10-K.
10.10   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated September 9, 2010 between SkyPeople Juice Group Co. Ltd. And Xi’an Kejilu Branch of China Merchants Bank. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.17 of the 2010 10-K
10.11   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated May 10, 2010 between SkyPeople Juice Group Co. Ltd. and Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi’an branch of China Construction Bank. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.18 of the 2010 10-K.
10.12   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated February 3, 2010 between SkyPeople Juice Group Co. Ltd. and Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi’an branch of China Construction Bank. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.19 of the 2010 10-K.
10.13   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated December 6, 2010 between SkyPeople Juice Group Co. Ltd. and Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi’an branch of China Construction Bank. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.20 of the 2010 10-K.
10.14   English Translation of Credit Facility Agreement dated December 7, 2010 between SkyPeople Juice Group Co. Ltd. and China CITIC Bank, Xi’an Kejilu Branch. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.21 of the 2010 10-K.
10.15   English Translation Of Credit Facility Agreement dated December 30, 2010 Between SkyPeople Juice Group Co. Ltd. and Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi’ A Branch Of China Construction Bank. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.22 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on May 16, 2011.
10.16   Indemnification Agreement. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on July 14, 2011.
10.17   Indemnification Agreement Between SkyPeople Juice, Inc. and Yongke Xue. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on August 15, 2011
10.18   Indemnification Agreement Between SkyPeople Juice, Inc. and Guolin Wang. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on August 15, 2011
10.19   Indemnification Agreement Between SkyPeople Juice, Inc. and Spring Liu. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on August 15, 2011
10.20   English translation of Investment/Service Agreement The Yidu Orange Comprehensive Deep Processing Zone (the “Zone”) between Yidu Municipal People’s Government and SkyPeople Juice Group Company Limited dated October 29, 2012. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on October 29, 2012

 

68

 

Exhibit Number   Description
10.21   English translation of Loan Agreement between SkyPeople Juice Group Co., Ltd. and SkyPeople International Holdings Group Limited dated February 18, 2013. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on February 19, 2013
10.22   Share Exchange Agreement among SkyPeople International Holdings Group Limited, Golden Dawn International Limited, Hongke Xue, Yongke Xue, V.X. Fortune Capital Limited and Kingline International Limited dated September 14, 2012. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Schedule 13D filed with the Commission by the reporting group September 24, 2012 on January 4, 2013.
10.23   Share Charge between China Tianren Organic Food Holding Company Limited, Golden Dawn International Limited and Vandi Investments Limited dated December 28, 2012. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.3 to the Schedule 13D/A filed with the Commission by the reporting group on January 4, 2013.
10.24   Share Charge between China Tianren Organic Food Holding Company Limited, Golden Dawn International Limited and COFCO (Beijing) Agricultural Industrial Equity Investment Fund dated December 28, 2012. Incorporated by reference to the Schedule 13D/A filed with the Commission by the reporting group on January 4, 2013.
10.25   Termination Agreement to Share Transfer Agreement by and between Hedetang Holdings Co., Ltd. and Shaanxi New Silk Road Kiwifruit Group Inc., dated January 26, 2017. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on January 27, 2017.
10.26   Orchard Lease Contract by and between Village Committee of Dierpo Village, Jinqu Town, Mei County and Shaanxi Guoweimei Kiwi Deep Processing Co., Ltd., dated August 3, 2016. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on January 27, 2017.
10.27   Orchard Lease Contract by and between Yidu Sichang Joint Citrus Cooperatives and Hetetang Agricultural Plantations (Yidu) Co., Ltd., dated August 15, 2016. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Commission on January 27, 2017.
10.28   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated April 12, 2017.  Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on April 13, 2017.
10.29   DCON Digital Assets Transfer Agreement, dated January 23, 2018, by and between DigiPay FinTech Limited and Peng Youwang.  Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on January 25, 2018.
10.30   Technology Development Service Contract, dated December 18, 2017, by and between GlobalKey Supply Chain Ltd. and Reits (Beijing) Technology Co. Ltd. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on December 22, 2017.
10.31   Creditor’s Rights Transfer Agreement, dated November 2, 2017, by and between Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd., and Shaanxi Chunlv Ecological Agriculture Co. Ltd., Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3 to the Amendment No. 1 to Schedule 14A Proxy Statement filed on November 6, 2017.
10.32   Creditor’s Rights Transfer Agreement, dated November 2, 2017, by and between Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd., and Shaanxi Chunlv Ecological Agriculture Co. Ltd. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4 to the Amendment No. 1 to Schedule 14A Proxy Statement filed on November 6, 2017.
10.33   Creditor’s Rights Transfer Agreement, dated November 2, 2017, by and between Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd., and Shaanxi Boai Medical Technology Development Co., Ltd. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 5 to the Amendment No. 1 to Schedule 14A Proxy Statement filed on November 6, 2017.
10.34   Creditor’s Rights Transfer Agreement, dated November 2, 2017, by and between Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd., and Shaanxi Fu Chen Venture Capital Management Co. Ltd. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 6 to the Amendment No. 1 to Schedule 14A Proxy Statement filed on November 6, 2017.
10.35   Share Purchase Agreement, dated November 3, 2017, by and between Future FinTech Group Inc. and Zeyao Xue. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 7 to the Amendment No. 1 to Schedule 14A Proxy Statement filed on November 6, 2017.
10.36   License Agreement of Sales Agent and Platform of IB-LIVE, dated September 20, 2017, among GlobalKey Supply Chain Ltd., Xi’an Hedetang Nutritious Food Research Co. Ltd., and Shaanxi Entai Bio-Technology Co. Ltd. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on September 21, 2017.
10.37   Shareholder Investment Agreement, dated September 6, 2017, by and between Hedetang Foods (China) Co., Ltd. and Shaanxi Yinlian Huijin Investment Management Co., Ltd.  Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on September 7, 2017.
16.1   Letter from Wei, Wei & Co, dated September 23, 2016.  Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 16.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on September 23, 2016.
16.2   Letter from Armanino LLP, dated April 13, 2016.  Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 16.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on April 15, 2016.
21.1   Description of Subsidiaries of the Registrant*
23.1   Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.*
31.1   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Principal Executive Officer of Registrant*
31.2   Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Principal Financial Officer of Registrant*
32.1   Section 1350 Certification of Principal Executive Officer of Registrant.†

32.2

  Section 1350 Certification of Principal Financial Officer of Registrant. †
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

* Filed herewith

† Furnished herewith

 

(c)           Other Financial Statement Schedules - None.

69

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  Future FinTech Group Inc.
     
April 16, 2018 By: /s/ Yongke Xue
    Yongke Xue
    Chief Executive Officer and
Chairman of the Board Directors
    (principal executive officer)

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

 

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Yongke Xue and Hanjun Zheng, and each of them, their attorneys-in-fact and agents, each with the power of substitution, for them in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Report on Form 10-K, and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact, or substitutes, may do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

 

Pursuant to the requirement of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacity and on the dates indicated.

 

Signature

 

Name and Title   Date
     
/s/ Yongke Xue    
Yongke Xue   April 16, 2018

Chairman of the Board of Directors and

Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer)

   
     
/s/ Hanjun Zheng    
Hanjun Zheng   April 16, 2018
Interim Chief Financial Officer    
(principal financial officer and accounting officer)    
     
/s/ Hongke Xue    

Hongke Xue,

Director

  April 16, 2018
     
/s/ Guolin Wang    
Guolin Wang, Director   April 16, 2018
     
/s/ Johnson Lau    
Johnson Lau, Director   April 16, 2018
     
/s/ Fuyou Li    
Fuyou Li, Director   April 16, 2018

 

 

70

 

  

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Future FinTech Group Inc.:

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Future FinTech Group Inc. and subsidiaries (“the company”). as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2017 and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "financial statements"). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its operations and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ WANG CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT, P.C.

 

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2016.

 

Flushing, New York

March 31, 2018

 

F-1

 

   

FUTURE FINTECH GROUP INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

  

   December 31, 
   2017   2016 
         
CURRENT ASSETS        
Cash and cash equivalents  $4,586,757   $1,143,585 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $3,081,437 and $4,843,809 as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively   17,156,130    7,325,773 
Other receivables   36,709,486    28,417,194 
Inventories   2,097,307    3,041,300 
Deferred tax assets   -    3,566,442 
Advances to suppliers and other current assets    1,437,657    58,132,189 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS   61,987,337    101,626,483 
           
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET   28,065,460    81,523,569 
LAND USE RIGHT, NET   33,118,454    31,854,360 
LONG TERM ASSETS   -    2,789,390 
DEPOSITS   67,509,002    43,867,228 
TOTAL ASSETS  $190,680,253   $261,661,030 
           
LIABILITIES          
           
CURRENT LIABILITIES          
Accounts payable  $11,277,706   $16,569,988 
Accrued expenses   99,910,577    27,449,664 
Income tax payable   -    3,590,084 
Advances from customers   655,938    696 
Short-term bank loans   6,121,637    29,364,279 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES   117,965,858    76,974,711 
           
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES          
Long-term debt   22,252,150      
Obligations under capital leases   17,512,402    14,494,003 
TOTAL NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES   39,764,552    14,494,003 
TOTAL LIABILITIES   157,730,410    91,468,714 
           
EQUITY          
           
Future FinTech Group Inc. Stockholders’ equity          
Series B Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; None issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively        
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 8,333,333 shares authorized; 5,370,245 and 4,061,090 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively   5,173    4,061 
Additional paid-in capital   109,090,782    105,366,887 
Retained earnings   (2,346,689)   100,237,011 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   (94,142,481)   (70,579,747 
Total Future FinTech Group Inc. stockholders’ equity   12,606,785    135,028,212 
Non-controlling interests   20,343,058    35,164,104 
TOTAL EQUITY   32,949,843    170,192,316 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY  $190,680,253   $261,661,030 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-2

 

  

FUTURE FINTECH GROUP INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

 

   For the Year Ended
December 31,
 
   2017   2016 
Revenue  $10,463,135   $34,407,422 
Cost of goods sold   8,728,754    25,233,950 
Gross profit   1,734,381    9,173,472 
           
Operating Expenses          
General and administrative expenses   10,416,244    5,010,222 
Selling expenses   719,452    1,932,148 
Impairment loss   89,685,890    - 
Total operating expenses   100,821,586    6,942,370 
           
Income (loss) from operations   (99,087,205)   2,231,102 
           
Other income (expenses)          
Investment income        13,475 
Interest income   1,880    158,730 
Subsidy income   554,553    16,738 
Interest expenses   (3,076,051)   (1,659,300)
Other income (expenses)   (428,611)   207,386 
Total other expenses   (2,948,229)   (1,262,971)
           
Income(loss) from Continuing Operations before Income Tax   (102,035,434)   968,131 
Income tax provision   266,120    1,601,967 
Loss from Continuing Operations before Minority Interest   (102,301,554)   (633,836)
           
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests   (14,380,800)   (126,448)
           
Loss from Continuing Operations   (87,920,754)   (507,388)
           
Discontinued Operations (Note 16)          
Loss from discontinued operations   (14,662,946)   (4,785,187 
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO FUTURE FINTECH GROUP INC. STOCKHOLDERS  $(102,583,700)  $(5,292,575)
           
Other comprehensive loss          
Foreign currency translation adjustment  $(13,181,405)  $(4,599,934)
Comprehensive loss   (130,145,905)   (10,018,957)
Comprehensive expense attributable to non-controlling interests   9,633,680    (19,674,513)
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS ATTRIBUTABLE TO FUTURE FINTECH GROUP INC.  STOCKHOLDERS  $(120,512,225)  $(29,693,470)
Loss per share:          
Basic loss per share from continued operations  $(18.09)   $ (0.19)
Basic loss per share from discontinued operations   (3.02)   (1.22)
Basic loss per share from net income   (21.11)   (1.41)
Diluted loss per share:          
Diluted loss per share from continued operations   (15.72)   (0.19)
Diluted loss per share from discontinued operations   (2.62)   (1.22)
Diluted loss per share from net income   (18.34)   (1.41)
           
Weighted average number of shares outstanding          
Basic   4,859,954    3,933,999 
Diluted   5,591,977    3,933,999 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3

 

  

FUTURE FINTECH GROUP INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

 

  

Common

Stock

Shares*

  

Common

Stock

  

Additional

Paid in

Capital

  

Retained

Earnings

  

Other

Comprehensive

Income

   Non-Controlling Interest   Total 
                             
Balance at December 31, 2015   27,161,499    27,161    59,189,860    105,782,482    13,069,031    4,895,622   $182,964,156 
Share split during 2016   (23,766,312)   (23,766)                       (23,766)
Common Stocks issued during 2016   665,950    666                        666 
Net income (loss)               (5,545,471)       (126,448)   (5,671,91)
Foreign currency translation adjustment           46,177,027       $(83,648,778)  $30,394,930   $(7,076,821)
Balance at December 31, 2016   4,061,137    4,061    105,366,887    100,237,011    (70,579,747)   35,164,104    170,192,316 
Common Stocks issued during 2017   1,112,097    1,112                          
Net income               (102,583,700)       (14,380,800)   (116,964,500)
Foreign currency translation adjustment           3,723,895        $(23,562,734)  $(440,246)  $(20,279,085)
Balance at December 31, 2017   5,173,234    5,173    109,090,782    (2,346,689    (94,142,481)   20,343,058    32,949,843 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4

 

  

FUTURE FINTECH GROUP INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   For the fiscal year 
   2017   2016 
         
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Net income (loss)  $(102,583,700)  $(5,419,023)
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities          
Depreciation and amortization   674,277    5,426,089 
Deferred income tax assets   3,566,442    (1,240,248)
Bad debt provision   5,583,194    3,070,944 
Inventory markdown   1,868,900    - 
Impairment loss   89,685,890    3,203,523 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities          
Accounts receivable   9,830,357    35,449,683 
Other receivable   8,292,292    (29,268,821)
Advances to suppliers and other current assets   (56,622,590)   (56,580,699)
Inventories   (943,933)   190,337 
Accounts payable   (5,220,700)   8,114,987 
Accrued expenses   72,460,913    2,038,938 
Income tax payable   (3,590,084)   937,915 
Advances from customers   655,242    (358,999)
Net cash provided by operating activities   23,656,500    (34,435,374)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES          
Additions to property, plant and equipment   -    (8,730,051)
           
Purchase of intangible assets   -    (9,329,762)
Prepayment for other assets   -    (2,977,045)
Net cash used in investing activities   -    (21,036,858)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES          
Issue of common stock   3,337,340    17,355,246 
Reverse split of common stock   -    (40,884,860)
Decrease (Increased) in restricted cash   -    2,994,460 
           
Proceeds from related party loan   -    (8,269,592)
           
Repayment of short-term bank loans   (23,242,642)   (2,078,155)
Proceeds (repayments) long term debt   -    (1,202,289)
Payment for capital lease   -    7,982,400)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   (19,905,302)   (24,102,790)
           
Effect of change in exchange rate   (308,025)   30,711,693 
           
NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS   3,443,173    (48,863,329)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year   1,143,585    50,006,914 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of year  $4,586,757   $1,143,585 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION          
Cash paid for interest  $796,178   $833,690 
Cash paid for income taxes  $266,120   $2,707,227 
           
SUPPLEMENTARY DISCLOSURE OF SIGNIFICANT NON-CASH TRANSACTION          
Transferred from other assets to property, plant and equipment and construction in process  $-   $60,838,131 
Equipment acquired by capital lease  $-   $- 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-5

 

  

FUTURE FINTECH GROUP INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

 

1. CORPORATE INFORMATION

 

Future FinTech Group Inc. (“Future FinTech” or the “Company”), formerly known as SkyPeople Fruit Juice, Inc (’SkyPeople”), Entech Environmental Technologies, Inc. (“Entech”) and Cyber Public Relations, Inc. (“Cyber Public Relations”), was initially incorporated on June 29, 1998 under the laws of the State of Florida.

  

The principal activities of Future Fintech Group Inc. (“Future FinTech”) (together with our direct or indirect subsidiaries, “we,” “us,” “our” or “the Company”) consist of production and sales of fruit juice concentrates, fruit juice beverages, and other fruit-related products in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”, or “China”), and overseas markets. All activities of the Company are principally conducted by subsidiaries operating in the PRC.

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Preparation

 

These financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or US GAAP.

 

The Company’s functional currency is the Chinese Renminbi (RMB); however, the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been translated and presented in United States Dollars (USD).

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

 

Certain amounts of prior year were reclassified to conform with current year presentation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The Company’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with US GAAP and this requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. The significant areas requiring the use of management estimates include, but not limited to, the allowance for doubtful accounts receivable, estimated useful life and residual value of property, plant and equipment, provision for staff benefit, valuation of change in fair value of warrant liability, recognition and measurement of deferred income taxes and valuation allowance for deferred tax assets. Although these estimates are based on management’s knowledge of current events and actions management may undertake in the future, actual results may ultimately differ from those estimates and such differences may be material to our consolidated financial statements.

   

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360-10, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, long-lived assets, such as property, plant and equipment and purchased intangibles subject to amortization are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable, or it is reasonably possible that these assets could become impaired as a result of technological or other industrial changes. The determination of recoverability of assets to be held and used is made by comparing the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted cash flows to be generated by the assets.

 

F-6

 

 

If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell.

 

During fiscal year 2015, the Company’s subsidiary Yingkou had no production activities due to a market demand decline for concentrated apple juice, and Yingkou also had no production in year 2016 and 2017 since it had difficulty in remaining competitive in apple juice market. The Company decided to recognize an impairment loss of $2.38 million with respect to the concentrated fruit juice production equipment in Yingkou, which has not operated in the past two years. In fiscal year 2017, the Company’s recorded an impairment loss of $2.1 million with respect to the concentrated fruit juice production equipment in Yingkou.

 

The Company’s Huludao Wonder operation, a subsidiary which produces concentrated apple juice, suffered continued operating losses in the three fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and the cash flows were minimal during the same three fiscal years. Thus, in December 2016, we established a restructuring plan to close Huludao Wonder Operation. In fiscal year 2017 and 2016, the Company’s recorded an impairment loss of $11.33 million and $2.4 million, respectively with respect to the concentrated fruit juice production equipment in Huludao Wonder.  The Company plan to sale the assets of Huludao Wonder to a third party in the near future.

 

In 2017, we recorded an impairment loss of $89.69 million regarding Company’s fixed assets and construction in progress. Among this amount, $30.26 million was related with Shaanxi Guoweimei Kiwi Deep Processing Co., Ltd. (“Guo Wei Mei”). On April 19, 2013, we established Guo Wei Mei to engage in the business of producing kiwi fruit juice, kiwi puree, cider beverages, and related products. The total estimated investment was RMB 294 million. As of the date of this report, the Company has finished the building of an R&D center and an office building with a total investment of RMB 76.2 million (approximately $11.24 million), the Company has also purchased a fruit juice production line of RMB 129 million (approximately $19.02 million). As the Chinese government recently tightened environmental regulations, the Company is in the process of adapting to the new standards and the project has been delayed and the construction was stopped since early 2017. Since the Company’s current cash cannot support the future input of this project and there is no forecasted cash flow from this project, the Company recorded an impairment cost of $30.26 million with respect to construction in progress and fixed assets of this project.

 

An impairment loss of $25.06 million recorded in 2017 was related with our Suizhong project in Liaoning Province, which was to establish a fruit and vegetable industry chain and further processing demonstration zone in Suizhong County, Liaoning Province (the “Suizhong Project”). We started the Suizhong project in August 2013. The Company has made partial payment to acquire land use rights from the local government, purchase equipment and build facilities. As of date of this report, the Company has finished construction of an office building, dormitory, refrigeration storage facility and warehouse. However, due to heavy competition in the concentrated apple juice business in China, our Huludao Wonder and Yingkou facilities in Liaoning have had no production in the past two years, and the construction work on Suizhong project is also currently suspended. Since the Company’s current cash cannot support the future input of this project and there is no forecasted cash flow from this project, the Company recorded an impairment cost of $25.06 million with respect to construction in progress and fixed assets of this project.

 

An impairment loss of $23.04 million recorded in 2017 was related with our Yidu project. On November 23, 2015, the Company started the construction of the Yidu project, which was to establish the distribution center and the deep processing zone on the project land of approximately 280 mu. As the Chinese government recently tightened environment regulations, the Company is in the process of adapting the new standards and the project has been delayed. Since the Company’s current cash cannot support the future input of this project and there is no forecasted cash flow from this project, the Company recorded an impairment cost of $16.80 million with respect to construction in progress and fixed assets of this project, and an impairment cost of $6.24 million with respect to the orange plantation.

 

F-7

 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company has adopted FASB Accounting Standard Codification Topic on Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”), which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC 820 establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy of valuation techniques based on observable and unobservable input, which may be used to measure fair value and include the following:

 

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 - Input other than Level 1 that is observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other input that is observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3 - Unobservable input that is supported by little or no market activity and that is significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Our cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash are classified within level 1of the fair value hierarchy because they are value using quoted market price.

  

Earnings Per Share

 

Under ASC 260-10, Earnings Per Share, basic EPS excludes dilution for Common Stock equivalents and is calculated by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of Common Stock outstanding for the period. Our Series B Convertible Preferred Stock is a participating security. Consequently, the two-class method of income allocation is used in determining net income available to common stockholders.

  

Diluted EPS is calculated by using the treasury stock method, assuming conversion of all potentially dilutive securities, such as stock options and warrants. Under this method, (i) exercise of options and warrants is assumed at the beginning of the period and shares of Common Stock are assumed to be issued, (ii) the proceeds from exercise are assumed to be used to purchase Common Stock at the average market price during the period, and (iii) the incremental shares (the difference between the number of shares assumed issued and the number of shares assumed purchased) are included in the denominator of the diluted EPS computation. The numerators and denominators used in the computations of basic and diluted EPS are presented in the following table.  

 

   Year Ended December 31, 
   2017   2016 
NUMERATOR FOR BASIC AND DILUTED EPS        
Income (loss)from continuing operations  (numerator for Diluted EPS)  $(87,920,754)  $(760,284)
Loss from discontinued operations (numerator for Diluted EPS)   (14,662,946)   (4,785,187)
    (102,583,700)     
Net income (loss) (numerator for Diluted EPS)  $(14,662,946)  $(5,545,471)
Net income (loss)allocated to Common Stock holders  $(14,662,946)  $(5,545,471)
           
Loss per share:          
Basic loss per share from continued operations   (18.09)   (0.19)
Basic loss per share from discontinued operations   (3.02)   (1.22)
Basic loss per share from net income   (21.11)   (1.41)
Diluted loss per share:          
Diluted loss per share from continued operations          
Diluted loss per share from discontinued operations   (15.72)   (0.19)
Diluted loss per share from net income   (2.62)   (1.22)
Loss per share:   (18.34)   (1.41)
           
Weighted average Common Stock outstanding   4,859,954      
DENOMINATOR FOR BASIC AND DILUTIVED EPS   5,591,977    3,933,999 

 

*.

 

F-8

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents included cash on hand and demand deposits placed with banks or other financial institutions, which are unrestricted as to withdrawal and use and with an original maturity of three months or less.

 

Deposits in banks in the PRC are not insured by any government entity or agency, and are consequently exposed to risk of loss. The Company believes the probability of a bank failure, causing loss to the Company, is remote.

  

Restricted Cash

 

Restricted cash consists of cash equivalents used as collateral to secure short-term notes payable.

 

Accounts Receivable and Allowances

 

Accounts receivable are recognized and carried at the original invoice amounts less an allowance for any uncollectible amount. We have a policy of reserving for uncollectible accounts based on our best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in our existing accounts receivable. We extend credit to our customers based on an evaluation of their financial condition and other factors. We generally do not require collateral or other security to support accounts receivable. We perform ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and maintain an allowance for potential bad debts if required.

 

We determine whether an allowance for doubtful accounts is required by evaluating specific accounts where information indicates the customers may have an inability to meet financial obligations. In these cases, we use assumptions and judgment, based on the best available facts and circumstances, to record a specific allowance for those customers against amounts due to reduce the receivable to the amount expected to be collected. These specific allowances are re-evaluated and adjusted as additional information is received. The amounts calculated are analyzed to determine the total amount of the allowance. We may also record a general allowance as necessary.

 

Direct write-offs are taken in the period when we have exhausted our efforts to collect overdue and unpaid receivables or otherwise evaluate other circumstances that indicate that we should abandon such efforts. 

 

The Company has not experienced any significant difficulty in collecting its accounts receivable in the past and is not aware of any financial difficulties being experienced by its major customers. Bad debt expense was $424,672and $4,843,809 during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Our credit term for distributors with good credit history is from 30 days to 120 days. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016 accounts receivables of $2,130,746.95 and $2,130,746.95 have been outstanding for over 120 days, the increase is due to the growth of sales in concentrated apply juice which had longer credit period to distributors. 

 

F-9

 

 

Inventories

 

Inventories consist of raw materials, packaging materials (which include ingredients and supplies) and finished goods (which include finished juice in the bottling and canning operations). Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. We determine cost on the basis of the weighted average method. The Company periodically reviews inventories for obsolescence and any inventories identified as obsolete are reserved or written off. Although we believe that the assumptions we use in estimate inventory write downs are reasonable, future changes in these assumptions could provide a significantly different result. The Company recorded inventory markdown allowance of $ 1,800,508 and $0 the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 605, Revenue Recognition. Revenue from sales of products is recognized upon shipment or delivery to customers, provided that persuasive evidence of sales arrangements exist, title and risk of loss have been transferred to the customers, the sales amounts are fixed and determinable and collection of the revenue is reasonably assured. Customers have no contractual right to return products. Historically, the Company has not had any returned products. Accordingly, no provision has been made for returnable goods. The Company is not required to rebate or credit a portion of the original fee if it subsequently reduces the price of its product and the distributor still has rights with respect to that product.

 

Shipping and Handling Costs

 

Shipping and handling amounts billed to customers in sales transactions are included in sales revenues and shipping expenses incurred by the Company are reported as a component of selling expenses. The shipping and handling expenses of $338,261 and $1,180,328 for 2017 and 2016, respectively, are reported in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income as a component of selling expenses. The decrease in shipping and handling costs in fiscal year 2017 was mainly due to a decrease in sales quantity of our products.

 

Government Subsidies