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EX-32.02 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER OF THE GENERAL PARTNER IN ACCORDANCE WI - FUTURES PORTFOLIO FUND L.P.ex32-02.htm
EX-32.01 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF THE GENERAL PARTNER IN ACCORDANCE WI - FUTURES PORTFOLIO FUND L.P.ex32-01.htm
EX-31.02 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER OF THE GENERAL PARTNER IN ACCORDANCE WI - FUTURES PORTFOLIO FUND L.P.ex31-02.htm
EX-31.01 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER OF THE GENERAL PARTNER IN ACCORDANCE WI - FUTURES PORTFOLIO FUND L.P.ex31-01.htm
 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES

EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2017

 

Commission file number: 000-50728

 

FUTURES PORTFOLIO FUND, LIMITED PARTNERSHIP

 

Organized in Maryland IRS Employer Identification No.: 52-1627106

 

c/o Steben & Company, Inc.
9711 Washingtonian Blvd., Suite 400
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Telephone: (240) 631-7600

 

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: NONE

 

Securities to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Limited Partner Interests

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer

Non-Accelerated Filer

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No

 

Aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates: N/A.

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents    
     
Part I    
       
Item 1. Business   3
Item 1A. Risk Factors   7
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments   12
Item 2. Properties   13
Item 3. Legal Proceedings   13
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   13
       
Part II    
       
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities   13
Item 6. Selected Financial Data   14
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   17
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   28
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data   31
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure   31
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures   31
Item 9B. Other Information   32
       
Part III    
       
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance   32
Item 11. Executive Compensation   33
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management   34
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence   35
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services   35
       
Part IV    
       
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules   35
Signatures     37

 

 

 

PART I

 

Item 1.Business

 

Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership (“Fund”) is a Maryland limited partnership, was formed on May 11, 1989 and began trading on January 2, 1990. Using professional trading advisors, the Fund engages in the speculative trading of futures contracts, forward currency contracts and other financial instruments traded in the United States (“U.S.”) and internationally. The Fund primarily trades within seven market sectors: agricultural commodities, currencies, energy products, equity indices, interest rate instruments, metals and single stock futures.

 

The Fund’s fiscal year ends each December 31, and the Fund will automatically terminate on December 31, 2025, unless terminated earlier as provided in the Third Amended and Restated Limited Partnership Agreement (“Partnership Agreement”). At December 31, 2017, the capitalization of the Fund and net asset value per limited partner interest (“Units”) was as follows:

 

Class of Units  Capitalization   Net Asset Value
per Unit
 
Class A  $240,860,323   $4,146.91 
Class B   100,657,081    6,266.93 
Class I   3,547,299    1,023.37 
Class R   12,470,722    1,038.05 
Total  $357,535,425      

 

The Fund’s assets are allocated among professional trading advisors (“Trading Advisors”). Portions of the Fund’s assets may be allocated to other investment funds or pools at the discretion of Steben & Company, Inc. (“General Partner”). The General Partner is responsible for selecting and monitoring the Trading Advisors, and it may add new Trading Advisors in the future, terminate the current Trading Advisors, and will, in general, allocate and reallocate the Fund’s assets among the Trading Advisors as it deems is in the best interests of the Fund and without prior notice to investors.

 

During 2014, the Fund purchased $58.5 million of Class I shares of the Steben Managed Futures Strategy Fund (“SMFSF”). SMFSF is a non-diversified series of shares of beneficial interest of Steben Alternative Investment Fund (the “Trust”), a statutory trust organized under the laws of the State of Delaware, and is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), as an open-end investment company. SMFSF issues four classes of shares: Class A, C, I and N. The General Partner serves as the investment manager of SMFSF.

 

SMFSF has a similar investment strategy to the Fund, using commodity trading advisors to engage in the speculative trading of futures contracts, forward currency contracts and other financial instruments.

 

At February 28, 2018, the Fund owned 40% of the value of the outstanding shares of SMFSF. Prior to August 31, 2017, the Fund owned more than 50% of the value of outstanding shares of SMFSF and therefore had effective control of that entity. Accordingly, the assets, liabilities and operating results of SMFSF were consolidated with the Fund through that date. The portion of SMFSF that was not owned by the Fund was presented as the non-controlling interest. Effective August 31, 2017, the Fund no longer consolidated the assets, liabilities and operating results of SMFSF into the Fund. The Fund reports changes in the fair value of its investment in SMFSF on the Statement of Operations. The investment in SMFSF is reported on the statement of financial condition as investment in SMFSF. For financial reporting purposes, SMFSF is treated as a related party. During 2017, the Fund redeemed $19 million of its investment in SMFSF.

 

The Fund maintains its margin deposits and reserves in cash, U.S. Treasury securities, registered U.S. money market funds, commercial paper, certificates of deposit, asset backed securities and corporate notes in accordance with Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) rules. All related income earned accrues to the benefit of the Fund.

 

The Fund’s business constitutes only one segment for financial reporting purposes. The Fund does not engage in material operations in foreign countries, although it does trade on international futures markets, nor is a material portion of its revenues derived from foreign customers.

 

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General Partner

 

Under the Partnership Agreement, management of all aspects of the Fund’s business and administration is carried out exclusively by the General Partner, a Maryland corporation organized in February 1989. The General Partner is registered with the CFTC as a commodity pool operator and introducing broker, and is also registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) as an investment adviser and a broker dealer. The General Partner is a member of the National Futures Association (“NFA”) and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”).

 

The General Partner manages all aspects of the Fund’s business, including selecting the Fund’s trading advisors; allocating the Fund’s assets among them; investing a portion of the Fund’s assets in other investment pools; selecting the Fund’s futures broker(s), accountants and attorneys; computing the Fund’s net assets; reporting to limited partners; directing the allocation of excess margin monies; and processing subscriptions and redemptions. The General Partner maintains office facilities for and furnishes administrative and clerical services to the Fund. There have been no material administrative, civil or criminal actions within the past five years against the General Partner or its principals, and no such actions currently are pending.

 

Trading Advisors

 

As of February 28, 2018, the Trading Advisors of the Fund and the allocation of the Fund’s trading level are reflected as follows:

 

   % of Total
Allocations
 
Winton Capital Management Ltd.   18.0%
Crabel Capital Management, LLC   17.4%
Quantitative Investment Management, LLC   12.4%
FORT, LP   11.9%
Transtrend BV   9.7%
Other Trading Advisors who individually represent less than 8% of the Fund’s net assets   30.6%

 

These allocations are subject to change at the General Partner’s sole discretion.

 

An objective of the Fund’s multi-manager approach is to reduce the Fund’s volatility without sacrificing overall rates of return. Trading Advisors are selected by the General Partner based on a number of operational and performance factors.

 

Selling Agents

 

The General Partner acts as a selling agent for the Fund. The General Partner has and intends to continue to appoint certain other broker-dealers registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“1934 Act”), and members of FINRA, to act as additional selling agents with respect to Class A, A2, A3, B, I and R Units. Selling agents are selected to assist in the making of offers and sales of Class A, A2, A3, B, I and R Units. The Fund currently has approximately 100 selling agents. The selling agents are not required to purchase any Class A, A2, A3, B, I or R Units, or sell any specific number or dollar amount of Class A, A2, A3, B, I and R Units, but instead use their best efforts to sell such Units. Where the General Partner acts as the selling agent it retains the selling agent fees, if any.

 

Futures Brokers and Forward Currency Counterparties

 

The Fund’s futures trading is currently conducted with SG Americas Securities, LLC (“SGAS”), J.P. Morgan Securities LLC (“JPMS”), and Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc. (“DBSI”). The Fund’s forward currency trading is conducted with Société Générale International Limited, Deutsche Bank AG, and UBS AG. SGAS and Société Générale International Limited are wholly-owned subsidiaries of Société Générale. Société Générale is a société anonyme governed by French law. JPMS is an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of JPMorgan Chase & Co., one of the largest bank holding companies in the U.S. DBSI is an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche Bank AG, one of the largest bank holding companies in Europe. UBS AG is another of the fund’s forward currency counterparties. UBS AG is a global financial services company operating in more than 50 countries.

 

The General Partner may, in its discretion, have the Fund use other futures brokers, swap or forward currency counterparties if it deems it to be in the best interest of the Fund.

 

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Cash Managers

 

The Fund has engaged Principal Global Investors, LLC (“PGI” or the “Cash Manager”) to provide cash management services to the Fund. PGI manages the Fund’s cash and excess margin through investments in fixed income instruments, pursuant to investment parameters established by the General Partner.

 

Description of Current Charges

 

Charges Amount
Trading Advisor Management Fees

Each class of Units incurs monthly trading advisor management fees, payable monthly or quarterly in arrears, to the Trading Advisors (based on the assets under their management). The fees range from 0% to 3% annually.

 

Trading Advisor Incentive Fees

Each class of Units incurs periodic trading advisor incentive fees, payable in arrears to the Trading Advisors, for any “Net New Trading Profits” generated on the portion of the Fund the respective Trading Advisor manages. The incentive fees range from 0% to 30%.

 

Net New Trading Profits are calculated based on formulas defined in each Trading Advisor’s trading agreement. In determining Net New Trading Profits, any trading losses generated by the respective Trading Advisor for the Fund in prior periods are carried forward, so that the incentive fee is assessed only if and to the extent the profits generated by the Trading Advisor for the period exceed any losses from prior periods. The loss carry-forward is proportionally reduced if and to the extent the Fund reduces the amount of assets allocated to the Trading Advisor.

 

Brokerage Commissions and Expenses

The Fund incurs brokerage commissions and expenses on U.S. futures exchanges at an average of $2.31 per “round-turn” futures transaction (includes NFA, execution, clearing and exchange fees). Brokerage commissions and expenses may be higher for trades executed on certain foreign exchanges.

 

Cash Manager Fees

Each class of Units incurs a monthly cash manager fee, payable in arrears to the Cash Manager, equal to approximately 1/12th of 0.14% of the investments in securities and certificates of deposit.

 

General Partner Management Fee

The Fund incurs a monthly fee on Class A, A2, A3, B, and R Units equal to 1/12th of 1.5% of the month-end net asset value of the Class A, A2, A3, B and R Units, payable in arrears. The Fund incurs a monthly fee on Class I Units equal to 1/12th of 0.75% of the month-end net asset value of the Class I Units, payable in arrears.

 

General Partner Performance Fee

The Fund incurs a monthly fee on Class I Units equal to 7.5% of any Net New Trading Profits of the Class I Units calculated monthly. The general partner performance fee is payable quarterly in arrears.

 

In determining Net New Trading Profits, any trading losses incurred by the Class I Units in prior periods are carried forward, so that the incentive fee is assessed only if and to the extent the profits generated by the Class I units exceed any losses from prior periods.

 

General Partner 1 percent allocation

Each year, the General Partner receives an annual allocation of 1% of net income earned by the Fund, or pays to the Fund 1% of any net loss incurred by the Fund.

 

Selling Agent Fees and Broker Dealer Servicing Fees

The General Partner charges monthly selling agent fees and broker dealer servicing fees, equal to 1/12th of 2% and 0.2% of the month-end net asset value for Class A and B Units, respectively, payable in arrears. Class A2 Units may pay an up-front sales commission of up to 3% of the offering price and a 0.6% per annum selling agent fee. Class A3 Units may pay an up-front sales commission of up to 2% of the offering price and a 0.75% per annum selling agent fee. The General Partner, in turn, pays selling agent fees and broker dealer servicing fees to the respective selling agents. If selling agent fees are not paid to the selling agents, or if the General Partner was the selling agent, such portions of the selling agent fees are retained by the General Partner.

 

 

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Charges Amount
Administrative Fee

Each class of Units incur a monthly General Partner administrative fee equal to 1/12th of 0.45% of Fund net assets at the end of each month, payable in arrears. In return, the General Partner provides operating and administrative services, including accounting, audit, legal, marketing, and administration (exclusive of extraordinary costs and administrative expenses charged by other commodity pools with which the Fund may have investments). The General Partner uses a portion of this fee to pay third party service providers.

 

 

Market Sectors

 

The Fund trades speculatively, through the allocation of its assets to Trading Advisors, in U.S. and international futures markets, and may trade or hold futures, forwards, swaps or options. Specifically, the Fund trades futures on agricultural commodities, currencies, energy products, equity indices, interest rate instruments, metals and single stock futures. The Fund also trades forward currency contracts and may trade options, swaps and other forwards other than currencies in the future.

 

Market Types

 

The Fund trades on a variety of U.S. and international futures exchanges. As in the case of its market sector allocations, the Fund’s commitments to different types of markets - U.S. and non-U.S., regulated and non-regulated - differ substantially from time to time, as well as over time, and may change at any time if a Trading Advisor, with the approval of the General Partner, determines such change to be in the best interests of the Fund.

 

Regulations

 

The Fund is a registrant with the SEC pursuant to the 1934 Act. As a registrant, the Fund is subject to the regulations of the SEC and the reporting requirements of the 1934 Act. As a commodity pool, the Fund is subject to the regulations of the CFTC, an agency of the U.S. government, which regulates most aspects of the commodity futures industry; rules of the NFA, an industry self-regulatory organization; and the requirements of commodity exchanges where the Fund executes transactions. Additionally, the Fund is subject to the requirements of futures commission merchants, futures brokers and Interbank market makers through which the Fund trades.

 

Commodity exchanges in the U.S. are subject to regulation under the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEAct”), by the CFTC, the governmental agency having responsibility for regulation of commodity exchanges and commodity interest trading conducted thereon. The function of the CFTC is to implement the objectives of the CEAct of preventing price manipulation and excessive speculation and promoting orderly and efficient commodities markets. In addition, the various commodity exchanges themselves exercise regulatory and supervisory authority over their members.

 

The CFTC has exclusive authority to designate exchanges for the trading of specific futures contracts and options on futures contracts and physicals and to prescribe rules and regulations for the marketing of each. The CFTC also possesses exclusive jurisdiction to regulate the activities of commodity trading advisors, commodity pool operators, introducing brokers, futures commodity merchants, swap dealers and floor brokers, among others, and may suspend, modify or terminate the registration of any registrant for failure to comply with CFTC rules or regulations. Furthermore, the CEAct establishes an administrative procedure under which commodity customers may institute complaints for damages arising from alleged violations of the CEAct by persons registered with the CFTC (“reparations”). The CEAct also gives the states certain powers to enforce its provisions and the regulations of the CFTC.

 

Pursuant to authority in the CEAct, the NFA has been formed and registered with the CFTC as a “registered futures association.” At the present time, the NFA is the only non-exchange self-regulatory organization for commodities professionals. The CFTC has delegated to the NFA responsibility for certain registration processing. The General Partner, the Fund’s futures brokers and swap dealers are members of the NFA (the Fund itself is not required to become a member of the NFA). As members, they are subject to NFA standards relating to fair trade practices, financial condition and consumer protection. As the self-regulatory body of the commodities industry, the NFA promulgates rules governing the conduct of commodity professionals and disciplines those professionals which do not comply with such standards. The NFA also arbitrates disputes between members and their customers and conducts registration and fitness screening of applicants for membership and audits of its existing members.

 

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The regulations of the CFTC and the NFA prohibit any representation by a person registered with the CFTC or by any member of the NFA that such registration or membership, respectively, in any respect indicates that the CFTC or the NFA, as the case may be, has approved or endorsed such person or such person’s trading program or objectives. The registrations and memberships described above must not be considered as constituting any such approval or endorsement. No commodity exchange has given or will give any such approval or endorsement.

 

The regulation of commodity trading in the U.S. and other countries is an evolving area of law, particularly in the context of implementing various aspects of Dodd-Frank and similar laws being implemented in other countries. The various statements made herein are subject to modification by legislative action and changes in the rules and regulations of the CFTC, NFA, and commodity exchanges or other regulatory bodies.

 

Competition

 

The Fund operates in a competitive environment in which it faces several forms of competition, including, without limitation, the following:

 

The Fund competes with other commodity pools and other investment vehicles for investors.

 

The Trading Advisors may compete with other traders in the markets in establishing or liquidating positions on behalf of the Fund.

 

Available Information

 

The Fund files Forms 10-Q, 10-K, 8-K, 3 and 4, as required, with the SEC. The public may read and copy any materials filed with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Additional information about the Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at (800) SEC-0330. Reports filed electronically with the SEC may be found at http://www.sec.gov.

 

Reports to Security Holders

 

None.

 

Enforceability of Civil Liabilities Against Foreign Persons

 

None.

 

Item 1A.Risk Factors

 

No Limitations on Trading Policies

 

The Fund’s Partnership Agreement places no limitation on the trading policies the General Partner may pursue for the Fund.

 

Potential Increase in Leverage

 

The General Partner may increase the leverage used with a particular Trading Advisor by the use of notional funds. Notional funds are used when a Trading Advisor is instructed to trade an account according to its trading system under the assumption that the account is larger than the actual cash or securities on hand. This additional leverage, while creating additional profit potential which the General Partner feels may be appropriate with certain Trading Advisors in light of the Fund’s multi-trader diversification, also increases the risk of loss to the Fund. It is anticipated that the General Partner will allocate between $1 and $2 to the Trading Advisors for every $1 of equity in the Fund.

 

Volatility

 

The volatility of the Fund is expected to be similar to what it has been in the past, although it could be more or less volatile in the future depending upon the volatility of the market, the success of the Trading Advisors and the level of notional funding used by the General Partner in its allocations to the Trading Advisors.

 

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Liquidity

 

Although the Fund offers monthly redemptions, the Fund may delay payment if special circumstances require, such as a market emergency that prevents the liquidation of commodity positions or a delay or default in payment to the Fund by a futures broker or a counterparty.

 

Complex Fee Structure

 

Allocation to more than one Trading Advisor makes the Fund’s fee structure more complex which may impact the Fund’s profit potential.

 

Fund Expenses Will Be Substantial

 

The Fund is obligated to pay brokerage expenses, Trading Advisor management and incentive fees, General Partner management and incentive fees, ongoing selling agent fees, Cash Manager fees and other administrative fees, regardless of whether it realizes profits. The Fund will need to make substantial trading profits to avoid depletion of its assets from these expenses.

 

Reliance on General Partner

 

The Fund’s success depends significantly on the General Partner’s ability to select Trading Advisors.

 

Dependence on Key Personnel

 

The General Partner is dependent on the services of Mr. Kenneth E. Steben and key management personnel. If Mr. Steben’s services became unavailable, another principal of the firm or a new principal (whose experience cannot be known at this time) would need to take charge of the General Partner.

 

Reliance on the Trading Advisors

 

The Fund’s success depends largely on the ability of its Trading Advisors. There can be no assurance that their trading methods will produce profits (or not generate losses). Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.

 

Reliance on Futures Brokers’ Financial Condition

 

If one of the futures brokers becomes insolvent, the Fund might incur a loss of all or a portion of the funds it had deposited directly or indirectly with such futures broker. There is no government insurance for commodity brokerage accounts. Such a loss could occur if one of the futures brokers unlawfully failed to segregate its customers’ funds or if a customer failed to pay a deficiency in its account.

 

Use of Cash Manager

 

A significant percentage of the Fund’s assets not placed as margin with the futures brokers are managed by PGI. Using investment guidelines established by the General Partner, PGI may invest the excess margin in U.S. Treasury securities, U.S. and foreign government sponsored enterprise notes, commercial paper, corporate notes, asset backed securities and certificates of deposit. Although these investments are considered to be high quality, some of the securities purchased are neither guaranteed by the U.S. government nor supported by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. There is some risk that a security issuer may fail to pay the interest and principal in a timely manner, or that negative perceptions about the issuer’s ability to make such payments will cause the price of these instruments to decline in value.

 

Investment in Other Investment Pools

 

During 2014, the Fund purchased $58.5 million of Class I shares of the Steben Managed Futures Strategy Fund (“SMFSF”). SMFSF is a non-diversified series of shares of beneficial interest of Steben Alternative Investment Fund, a statutory trust organized under the laws of the State of Delaware, and is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), as an open-end management investment company. SMFSF has a similar investment strategy to the Fund, using trading advisors to engage in the speculative trading of futures contracts, forward currency contracts and other financial instruments. Prior to March 2016, SMFSF used a total return swap to gain access to the gains and losses of a basket of trading advisors. The General Partner serves as the investment manager of SMFSF.

 

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Although it does not do so currently, the Fund may invest in other pools. The Fund expects to be liable to those pools (e.g., limited partners), only for the amount of its investment plus any undistributed profits. However, there can be no assurance in this regard, and the Fund might invest as a general partner if the situation warranted, and thus be liable for additional amounts.

 

Investment in pools (or similar investment vehicles), as distinguished from direct participation in the markets, has several potential disadvantages. Those investments may increase the Fund’s expenses, since the Fund will have to pay its pro rata share of the expenses borne by the investors in the pools, and the pools may have higher expenses. The Fund will generally be a minority investor in those pools and thus lack control over the pools. The pools might (a) change trading policies, strategies and trading advisors without prior notice to the Fund; (b) substantially restrict the ability of their investors to withdraw their capital from the pools; (c) be new ventures with little or no operating history; (d) be general rather than limited partnerships, thus increasing the Fund’s liability; and/or (e) use aggressive leveraging policies.

 

Use of Electronic Trading

 

The Trading Advisors may use electronic trading while implementing their strategies on behalf of the Fund. Electronic trading differs from traditional methods of trading. Electronic system transactions are subject to the rules and regulations of the exchanges offering the system or listing the specific contracts. Attributes of electronic trading may vary widely among the various electronic trading systems with respect to order requirements, processes and administration. There may also be differences regarding conditions for access and reasons for termination and limitations on the types of orders that may be placed into the system. These factors may present various risk factors with respect to trading on or using a specific system. Electronic trading systems may also possess particular risks related to system access, varying response times and security procedures. Internet enabled systems may also have additional risks associated with service providers and the delivery and monitoring of electronic communications.

 

Electronic trading may also be subject to risks associated with system or component failure. In the event of system or component failure, it is possible that a Trading Advisor may not be able to initiate new orders, fill existing orders or modify or cancel orders that were previously entered, as well as exit existing positions. System or component failure may also result in loss of orders or order priority. Some contracts offered on an electronic trading system may also be traded electronically and through open outcry during the same trading hours. Exchanges offering an electronic trading system which lists contracts may have implemented rules to limit their liability, the liability of futures brokers, as well as software and communication system vendors and the damages that may be collected for system inoperability and delays. These limitations of liability provisions may vary among the various exchanges.

 

Changes in Trading Strategies

 

The trading strategies of the Trading Advisors are continually developing. The Trading Advisors are free to make any changes in their trading strategies, without notice, if they feel that doing so will be in the Fund’s best interest. The General Partner will notify the limited partners of any such changes that the General Partner considers material. Changes in commodities or the markets traded shall not be deemed a change in trading strategy.

 

Disadvantages of Periodic Incentive Fees

 

Because the Trading Advisor incentive fees (if any) are paid on a quarterly or annual basis, they could receive incentive fees for a period even though their trading for the year was unprofitable. Once an incentive fee is paid, the Trading Advisors retain the fee regardless of their subsequent performance, but no new incentive fees will be paid until after all previous losses have been recovered.

 

Disadvantages of Multi-Trader Structure

 

The Fund’s use of multiple Trading Advisors to conduct its trading has several potential disadvantages. Each Trading Advisor is paid incentive fees solely on the basis of its trading for the Fund. The Fund, therefore, could have periods in which it pays fees to one or more Trading Advisors even though the Fund, as a whole, has a loss for the period (because the losses incurred by the Fund from unprofitable Trading Advisors exceed the profits earned by the Fund from profitable Trading Advisors).

 

Because the Trading Advisors trade independently of each other, they may establish offsetting positions for the Fund. For example, one Trading Advisor may sell 12 March wheat contracts at the same time another Trading Advisor buys 12 March wheat contracts. The net effect for the Fund will be the incurring of two brokerage commissions without the potential for earning a profit (or incurring a loss).

 

9

 

 

Under certain unusual circumstances, the Fund might have to direct a Trading Advisor to liquidate positions in order to generate funds needed to meet margin calls, to fund the redemption of Units, or to permit the reallocation of funds to another Trading Advisor. Such liquidations could disrupt the Trading Advisor’s trading system or method.

 

Disadvantages of Replacing Trading Advisors

 

The General Partner has the authority to reallocate the Fund’s assets among the Trading Advisors, terminate Trading Advisors and allocate assets to new Trading Advisor(s), or invest the Fund’s assets in other investment funds or commodity pools.

 

Trading Advisors generally have to “make up” previous trading losses incurred by the Fund on portions of the Fund the Trading Advisors are managing, before they can earn an incentive fee. However, a Trading Advisor might terminate its services to the Fund or the General Partner might decide to replace a Trading Advisor when it has such a loss carry-forward. The Fund might have to pay a new Trading Advisor higher advisory fees than are currently being paid to the current Trading Advisor. In addition, the Fund would lose the potential benefit of not having to pay the Trading Advisor an incentive fee during the time that the Trading Advisor was generating profits that made up for the prior losses. The replacement Trading Advisor would “start from scratch,” that is, the Fund would have to pay a new Trading Advisor an incentive fee for each dollar of profit it generated for the Fund, regardless of the Fund’s previous experience.

 

Limited Partners Do Not Participate in Management

 

Limited partners are not entitled to participate in the management of the Fund or the conduct of its business.

 

Non-Transferability of Units

 

Investors may acquire Units only for investment and not for resale, and the Units are transferable only with the General Partner’s consent, provided that the economic benefits of ownership of a limited partner may be transferred or assigned without the consent of the General Partner. There will be no resale market for the Units. However, limited partners may redeem all or (subject to certain limitations) any portion of their Units at the end of any month, on five business days’ written notice to the General Partner.

 

Possible Adverse Effect of Large Redemptions

 

The Trading Advisors’ trading strategies could be disrupted by large redemptions by limited partners. For example, such redemptions could require the Trading Advisors to prematurely liquidate futures positions they had established for the Fund.

 

Mandatory Redemptions

 

The General Partner may require a limited partner to redeem from the Fund if the General Partner deems the redemption (a) necessary to prevent or correct the occurrence of a nonexempt prohibited transaction under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, or the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, (b) beneficial to the Fund or (c) necessary to comply with state, federal, or other self-regulatory organization regulations.

 

Cybersecurity Breaches

 

The Fund and Traders are subject to risks associated with a breach in their cybersecurity. Cybersecurity is a generic term used to describe the technology, processes and practices designed to protect networks, systems, computers, programs and data from “hacking” by other computer users, other unauthorized access and the resulting damage and disruption of hardware and software systems, loss or corruption of data as well as misappropriation of confidential information. If a cybersecurity breach occurs, the Fund may incur substantial costs, including (without limitation) those associated with: forensic analysis of the origin and scope of the breach; increased and upgraded cybersecurity; investment losses from sabotaged trading systems; identity theft; unauthorized use of proprietary information; litigation; adverse investor reaction; the unauthorized dissemination of confidential and proprietary information; and reputational damage. Any such breach could expose each of the General Partner, the applicable Trader, and/or the Fund to civil liability as well as regulatory inquiry and/or action. In addition, any such breach could cause substantial withdrawals from the Fund.

 

Indemnification

 

The Fund is required to indemnify the General Partner, the Trading Advisors and the futures brokers, and their affiliates, against various liabilities they may incur in providing services to the Fund, provided the indemnified party met the standard of conduct specified in the applicable indemnification clause. The Fund’s indemnification obligations could require the Fund to make substantial indemnification payments.

 

10

 

 

Termination of Fund

 

The Fund will automatically terminate on December 31, 2025, unless terminated earlier as provided in the Partnership Agreement. For example, the General Partner can withdraw as general partner on 90 days’ prior written notice, and such a withdrawal could result in termination of the Fund. The General Partner has no present intention of withdrawing and intends to continue the Fund business as long as it believes that it is in the best interest of all partners to do so. In addition, certain other events may occur which could result in early termination.

 

Lack of Regulation

 

The Fund is not an investment company under the federal securities laws. Thus, limited partners will not have the benefits of federal regulation of investment companies.

 

Conflicts of Interest

 

The General Partner and its principals have organized and are involved in other business ventures, and may have incentives to favor certain of these ventures over the Fund. The Fund will not share in the risks or rewards of such other ventures. However, such other ventures will compete for the General Partner’s and its principals’ time and attention, which might create other conflicts of interest. The Partnership Agreement does not require the General Partner to devote any particular amount of time to the Fund.

 

The General Partner or any of its affiliates or any person connected with it may invest in, directly or indirectly, or manage or advise other investment funds or accounts which invest in assets which may also be purchased or sold by the Fund. Neither the General Partner nor any of its affiliates nor any person connected with it is under any obligation to offer investment opportunities of which any of them becomes aware to the Fund or to account to the Fund in respect of (or share with the Fund or inform the Fund of) any such transaction or any benefit received by any of them from any such transaction, but will allocate such opportunities on an equitable basis between the Fund and other clients.

 

Payment of Incentive Fees to the Trading Advisors

The Trading Advisors are entitled to incentive fees, therefore the Trading Advisors may have an incentive to cause the Fund to make riskier or more speculative investments than it otherwise would.

 

Personal Trading

The Trading Advisors, the futures brokers, the General Partner and the principals and affiliates thereof may trade commodity interests for their own account. In such trading, positions might be taken which are opposite those of the Fund, or that compete with the Fund’s trades.

 

Trades by the Trading Advisors and their Principals

The Trading Advisors and their principals may trade for their own accounts in addition to directing trading for client accounts. Therefore, the Trading Advisors and their principals may be deemed to have a conflict of interest concerning the sequence in which orders for transactions will be transmitted for execution. Additionally, a potential conflict may occur when the Trading Advisors and their principals, as a result of a neutral allocation system, testing a new trading system, trading their own proprietary account(s) more aggressively, or any other actions that would not constitute a violation of fiduciary duties, take positions in their own proprietary account(s) which are opposite, or ahead of, the position(s) taken for a client. Proprietary accounts, in trading a new or experimental system, may enter the same markets earlier than (either days before or on the same day) client accounts traded at the same or other futures commission merchants. Since the principals of the Trading Advisors trade futures and foreign exchange for their own accounts, there is potentially a conflict of interest between these principals and the Trading Advisors’ clients when allocating prices on trades that are executed by a futures commission merchant at multiple prices. In such instances, the Trading Advisors use a non-preferential method of fill allocation. The clients of the Trading Advisors will not be permitted to inspect the personal trading records of the Trading Advisors, futures brokers and forward currency counterparties, or their respective principals, or the written policies relating to such trading. Client records are not available for inspection due to their confidential nature.

 

11

 

 

Effects of Speculative Position Limits

The CFTC and domestic exchanges have established speculative position limits on the maximum net long or net short futures position which any person, or group of persons, or group of persons acting in concert, may hold or control in particular futures contracts or options on futures traded on U.S. commodity exchanges. All commodity accounts owned or controlled by the Trading Advisors and their principals are combined for speculative position limits. Because speculative position limits allow the Trading Advisors and their principals to control only a limited number of contracts in any one commodity, the Trading Advisors and their principals are potentially subject to a conflict among the interests of all accounts the Trading Advisors and their principals control which are competing for shares of that limited number of contracts. There exists a conflict between the Trading Advisors’ interest in maintaining a smaller position in an individual client’s account in order to also provide positions in the specific commodity to other accounts under management and the personal accounts of the Trading Advisors and their principals. The General Partner does not believe, however, that the position limits are likely to impair the Trading Advisors’ trading for the Fund, although it is possible the issue could arise in the future.

 

To the extent that position limits restrict the total number of commodity positions which may be held by the Fund and those other accounts, the Trading Advisors will allocate the orders equitably between the Fund and such other accounts. Similarly, where orders for the same commodity given on behalf of both the Fund and other accounts managed by the Trading Advisors cannot be executed in full, the Trading Advisors will equitably allocate between the Fund and such other accounts that portion of the total quantity able to be executed.

 

Other Activities of the Principals of the Advisors

Certain principals of the Trading Advisors are currently engaged, and expect in the future to be engaged, in other activities, some of which may involve other business activities in the futures industry. In addition, each principal of the Trading Advisors may be engaged in trading for his own personal account. The principals will have a conflict of interest between their obligations to devote all of their attention to client accounts and their interests in engaging in other activities. However, the principals of the Trading Advisors intend to devote substantial attention to the operation and activities of the Trading Advisors consistent with the division of responsibilities among them as is described herein.

 

Fiduciary Responsibility of the General Partner

The General Partner has a fiduciary duty to the Fund to exercise good faith and fairness in all dealings affecting the Fund. If a limited partner believes this duty has been violated, he/she may seek legal relief under applicable law, for himself/herself and other similarly situated partners, or on behalf of the Fund. However, it may be difficult for limited partners to obtain relief because of the changing nature of the law in this area, the vagueness of standards defining required conduct and the broad discretion given the General Partner in the Partnership Agreement and the exculpatory provisions therein.

 

Selling Agents

The receipt by the selling agents and their registered representatives of continued sales commissions and/or servicing fees for outstanding Units may give them an incentive to advise limited partners to remain investors in the Fund. These payments cease to the extent the limited partners withdraw from the Fund.

 

The General Partner Serving as Selling Agent

The General Partner also serves as a selling agent for the Fund. As a result, the fees and other compensation received by the General Partner as selling agent have not been independently negotiated.

 

Futures Brokers

The futures brokers affect transactions for customers (including public and private commodity pools), including the Fund, who may compete with the Fund’s transactions including with respect to priorities or order entry. Since the identities of the purchaser and seller are not disclosed until after the trade, it is possible that the futures brokers could affect transactions for the Fund in which the other parties to the transactions are the futures brokers’ officers, directors, employees, customers or affiliates. Such persons might also compete with the Fund in making purchases or sales of commodities without knowing that the Fund is also bidding on such commodities. Since orders are filled in the order in which they are received by a particular floor broker, transactions for any of such persons might be executed when similar trades for the Fund are not executed or are executed at less favorable prices. However, in entering orders for the Fund and other customer accounts, including with respect to priorities of order entry and allocations of executed trades, CFTC regulations prohibit a futures commission merchant from utilizing its knowledge of one customer’s trades for its own or its other customer’s benefit.

 

Item 1B.Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

12

 

 

Item 2.Properties

 

The Fund does not use any physical properties in the conduct of its business. Its assets currently consist of futures and other contracts, cash and high grade fixed income instruments.

 

The General Partner’s principal business office is in Gaithersburg, Maryland.

 

Item 3.Legal Proceedings

 

None.

 

Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

PART II

 

Item 5.Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Market Information

 

No class of Units of the Fund is publicly traded. Class A, A2, A3, B, I and R Units may be transferred or redeemed subject to the conditions imposed by the Partnership Agreement.

 

Class A, A2, A3, B, I and R Units are being offered continuously by selling agents on a best-efforts basis at subsequent closing dates at a price equal to the net asset value per unit as of the close of business on each applicable closing date, which is the first business day of each month. The minimum investment for Class A, A2, A3, B and R Units is $10,000, and for Class I Units it is $2,000,000.

 

Holders

 

As of February 28, 2018, there were 3,390 holders of Class A Units, 1,374 holders of Class B Units, 4 holders of Class I Units and 155 holders of Class R Units of the Fund.

 

Dividends

 

The General Partner has sole discretion in determining what distributions, if any, the Fund will make to its limited partners. From inception through the date of this filing, the General Partner has not made any distributions.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

No Units were authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities and Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities

 

There were no sales of unregistered securities of the Fund during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

The proceeds of the sale of registered securities are deposited in the Fund’s bank and brokerage accounts for the purpose of engaging in trading activities in accordance with the Fund’s trading policies and the Trading Advisors’ trading programs.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Class A, A2, A3, B, I and R Units are eligible for redemption on a continuous basis at subsequent closing dates at a price equal to the net asset value per unit as of the close of business on each applicable closing date, which is the last business day of each month. Redemptions may be made by a limited partner as of the last business day of any month at the net asset value on such redemption date of the redeemed Units (or portion thereof) on that date, on five business days’ prior written notice to the General Partner. Partial redemptions must be for at least $1,000, unless such requirement is waived by the General Partner. In addition, if making a partial redemption, the limited partner must maintain at least $10,000 or his original investment amount, whichever is less, in the Fund unless such requirement is waived by the General Partner.

 

13

 

 

Redemptions of Class A, B, I and R Units during the fourth quarter 2017 were as follows:

 

   October   November   December   Total 
A Units                    
Units redeemed   (1,441.4198)   (1,827.4287)   (2,032.5445)   (5,301.3930)
Average net asset value per unit  $4,056.53   $4,029.40   $4,146.91   $4,081.83 
                     

B Units

                    
Units redeemed   (383.0478)   (520.6658)   (542.0351)   (1,445.7487)
Average net asset value per unit  $6,112.11   $6,080.28   $6,266.93   $6,158.69 
                     
I Units                    
Units redeemed                
Average net asset value per unit  $   $   $   $ 
                     
R Units                    
Units redeemed   (225.3816)   (73.6656)       (299.0472)
Average net asset value per unit  $1,012.07   $1,006.97   $   $1,010.81 

 

Item 6.Selected Financial Data

 

The following selected consolidated financial data of the Fund as of and for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, and 2013 is derived from the consolidated financial statements that have been audited by RSM US LLP, the Fund’s independent registered public accountant. This financial data should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and with the Fund’s consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

14

 

 

Certain amounts in the selected financial information prior to 2017 have been reclassified to conform to the 2017 presentation without affecting previously reported partners’ capital (net asset value) or net income (loss).

 

   For the Year Ended December 31, 
   2017   2016   2015   2014   2013 
Income Statement Items                         
Net gain (loss) from trading  $22,703,022   $21,931,511   $10,861,775   $104,112,103   $21,371,089 
Interest income   5,288,556    5,047,602    3,317,092    2,765,368    4,385,819 
Net total expenses   (26,412,159)   (35,522,528)   (42,969,595)   (53,435,119)   (53,810,139)
Net income (loss)  $1,579,419   $(8,543,415)  $(28,790,728)  $53,442,352   $(28,053,231)
                          
Balance Sheet Items                         
Total assets  $372,685,946   $588,385,437   $659,382,239   $769,596,902   $924,445,965 
Total partners’ capital
(net asset value)
  $357,535,425   $563,199,285   $643,585,886   $741,554,213   $880,409,705 
                          
Class A Units                         
Net asset value per unit  $4,146.91   $4,096.03   $4,212.26   $4,414.30   $4,114.51 
Increase (decrease) in net asset value per unit  $50.88   $(116.23)  $(202.04)  $299.79   $(114.32)
Total return   1.24%   (2.76)%   (4.58)%   7.29%   (2.70)%
Class B Units                         
Net asset value per unit  $6,266.93   $6,080.47   $6,142.34   $6,323.56   $5,789.73 
Increase (decrease) in net asset value per unit  $186.46   $(61.87)  $(181.22)  $533.83   $(55.38)
Total return   3.07%   (1.01)%   (2.87)%   9.22%   (0.95)%
Class I Units                         
Net asset value per unit  $1,023.37   $983.11   $984.17   $1,004.98   $910.42 
Increase (decrease) in net asset value per unit  $40.26   $(1.06)  $(20.81)  $94.56   $(2.33)
Total return   4.10%   (0.11)%   (2.07)%   10.39%   (0.25)%
Class R Units (began trading 4/1/17)                         
Net asset value per unit  $1,038.05   $   $   $   $ 
Increase (decrease) in net asset value per unit  $38.05   $   $   $   $ 
Total return   3.80%                

 

Results from past periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any future period.

 

15

 

 

The following unaudited supplementary summarized quarterly data are presented for the three-months ended March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31, 2017 and 2016.

 

   March 31, 2017   March 31, 2016 
   Class A   Class B   Class I   Class R   Class A   Class B   Class I   Class R 
Net income (loss)  $(3,399,506)  $(1,022,150)  $(3,204)  $   $27,936,127   $14,712,322   $277,143   $ 
Increase (decrease) in net asset value per unit   (41.22)   (34.26)   (3.11)       282.40    441.14    72.39     
Net asset value per unit   4,054.81    6,046.21    980.00        4,494.66    6,583.48    1,056.56     
Ending net asset value   307,969,847    161,099,098    3,260,577        423,482,939    212,464,096    4,044,973     
                                         
   June 30, 2017   June 30, 2016 
   Class A   Class B   Class I   Class R   Class A   Class B   Class I   Class R 
Net income (loss)  $(17,582,191)  $(7,766,019)  $(191,615)  $(739,959)  $(3,532,741)  $(620,198)  $(1,394)  $ 
Increase (decrease) in net asset value per unit   (242.33)   (335.91)   (52.14)   (55.09)   (32.63)   (18.55)   (0.37)    
Net asset value per unit   3,812.48    5,710.30    927.86    944.91    4,462.03    6,564.93    1,056.19     
Ending net asset value   264,989,636    118,394,318    3,568,962    12,258,370    407,113,938    206,493,177    4,043,579     
                                         
    September 30, 2017    September 30, 2016 
   Class A   Class B   Class I   Class R   Class A   Class B   Class I   Class R 
Net income (loss)  $353,507   $782,183   $24,721   $80,003   $(15,433,853)  $(6,812,110)  $(126,332)  $ 
Increase (decrease) in net asset value per unit   (0.14)   25.33    6.43    4.66    (169.30)   (220.84)   (33.00)    
Net asset value per unit   3,812.34    5,735.63    934.29    949.57    4,292.73    6,344.09    1,023.19     
Ending net asset value   241,910,199    99,574,584    3,238,494    11,666,801    384,625,756    194,767,711    3,917,247     
                                         
    December 31, 2017    December 31, 2016 
   Class A   Class B   Class I   Class R   Class A   Class B   Class I   Class R 
Net income (loss)  $20,891,115   $9,094,818   $308,805   $1,081,202   $(17,844,975)  $(8,176,827)  $(153,466)  $ 
Increase (decrease) in net asset value per unit   334.57    531.30    89.08    88.48    (196.70)   (263.62)   (40.08)    
Net asset value per unit   4,146.91    6,266.93    1,023.37    1,038.05    4,096.03    6,080.47    983.11     
Ending net asset value   240,860,323    100,657,081    3,547,299    12,470,722    347,445,757    177,512,074    3,763,781     

 

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Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Current Positioning

 

As of December 31, 2017, the Fund’s largest risk contribution came from currencies, with long positions in emerging markets, the Australian dollar and the Japanese yen, and short positions in the Euro and British pound. In the interest rates sector, the portfolio was positioned long, primarily in U.S. and European bonds. The Fund had long equity index exposure, focused on the U.S. In the commodities markets, the Fund was short in agricultural grains markets, long in precious metals and very modestly long in energy, mainly in natural gas, with neutral oil exposure. Note that these were tactical positions generated by systematic managed futures programs in reaction to perceived market trends and opportunities. Positions will generally adapt as market conditions change.

 

Results of Operations

 

The returns for each Class of Units for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015 were:

 

Class of Units 

  2017   2016   2015 
Class A   1.24%   (2.76)%   (4.58)%
Class B   3.07%   (1.01)%   (2.87)%
Class I   4.10%   (0.11)%   (2.07)%
Class R   3.80%        

 

Results from past periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any future period. Monthly analysis of the trading gains and losses is provided below.

 

2017 

January 

Markets digested the impact of the new U.S. administration’s economic policy proposals as the calendar year began. The policy specifics remain uncertain, but market participants showed optimism that potential changes to the tax code and increased infrastructure spending would bolster economic growth. Equity markets in the U.S. and Europe were generally higher, while interest rates held mostly steady. Following broad based strength in the second half of 2016, the U.S. dollar weakened during the start of the year as concerns about trade protection and accusations of currency manipulation began to emerge.

 

Ongoing strength in equity markets was a positive contributor to Fund performance. Specifically, long positions in Nasdaq, S&P 500 and Hang Seng indices were key contributors. Increased economic bullishness also led to a near 9% rise in copper prices, benefitting the Fund’s long copper position. After several months of strength, energy prices drifted lower in January, due partially to the belief that OPEC’s attempts to cut production would be short lived. The Fund’s long energy positions detracted from performance. Within foreign exchange markets, the U.S. dollar reversal caused losses, as the Fund was long U.S. dollar versus Euro, British pound and Japanese yen. The Fund finished with a net loss. Overall, the Fund finished with a net loss of 2.27%, 2.13% and 2.04% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

February 

February saw a continued rise in investor risk appetite. The S&P 500 rallied to new highs and rich valuations got even richer, spurred by positive earnings data and the Trump administration’s pledge to cut corporate taxes and spend heavily on infrastructure. International equity markets also had a positive month as global economic data showed improvement. In Europe, the political risk of potential nationalist party victories in upcoming elections in France and the Netherlands led to a rally in safe haven German bonds and a depreciation of the Euro.

 

The Fund’s largest gains during the month came from long equity index positions, which benefited from the global rally in stocks. Long positions in European bonds and a short currency position in the Euro both profited from market skittishness over possible populist electoral gains. The Fund did see modest losses in energy as trend-following programs were whipsawed by choppy directionless oil prices. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net profit. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net gain of 3.33%, 3.48% and 3.57% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

17  

 

 

March 

Economic policy remained a focus for markets throughout the month. President Trump’s proposal to replace the Affordable Care Act failed in Congress as it met with resistance from conservative Republicans. The fate of this measure was significant as it provided an indication of Trump’s ability to push through other policies such as tax reform and deregulation. The bill’s failure initially triggered a dip in global equities, but optimism over the prospects for tax cuts quickly returned and markets recovered. March also saw developments in monetary policy, as the Federal Reserve raised interest rates by 25 basis points, in line with expectations. In Europe, the United Kingdom formally triggered the exit process from the European Union, and investor attention turned to the possibility of populist gains in the upcoming French presidential election.

 

The Fund profited from its long equity exposure, with the strongest gains coming from Europe. Losses occurred in interest rate, currency and energy positions. Within the interest rate sector, the Fund encountered choppy trading conditions in European rate markets, but the primary losses came from Germany, where bond prices rallied against the Fund’s short position. Losses in the currency sector were attributable to a long U.S. dollar bias, as expectations of a slower tightening cycle by the Fed caused the dollar to depreciate against the euro, pound and yen. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net loss of 1.97%, 1.82% and 1.74% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

April 

Heightened geopolitical uncertainty weighed on risk assets early in the month. Markets were focused on saber rattling from North Korea and U.S. airstrikes in Syria. Later in the month, the first round of the French Presidential elections concluded without surprise, making a Le Pen victory and potential French exit from the Eurozone less probable. As a result, equity markets traded higher and the Euro rallied sharply. The Euro finished April at 1.09 against the U.S. dollar and gained more than 2% during the month. Energy markets were volatile, as an early month rally quickly gave way to a sell-off, with crude oil ending April down 3.4%.

 

The Fund continued to make profits from its long equity positions, and experienced losses in currency and energy positions. Within the equity allocation, the Fund was particularly profitable trading futures contracts in Euro Stoxx, Nasdaq and the S&P 500. The Euro Stoxx position was supported by the French elections, while upbeat corporate earnings provided momentum in U.S. equity markets. A long U.S. dollar and short Euro position detracted due to strength in the Euro. The Fund was long live cattle futures and benefited from a 15% increase in cattle prices, driven by strong consumer demand and tighter beef supply. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net loss of 1.61%, 1.46%, 1.38% and 1.45% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

May 

In May, developed market equity indices drifted higher and valuations continued to inflate, spurred by U.S. tech sector earnings and a centrist victory in the French Presidential election. The appointment of a special counsel to investigate the Trump administration’s alleged Russian ties led to a brief stock sell-off, but investors quickly shrugged off the news. The VIX volatility index dipped back below 10, setting a new low for the year. In foreign exchange markets, the U.S. dollar weakened against most major currencies, erasing all of its gains since the U.S. election. Energy markets had a choppy month, with oil prices declining as OPEC failed to implement larger production cuts.

 

The Fund made gains in its long global equity positions, especially in the tech-heavy NASDAQ Index. Losses came primarily from commodities markets, as trend-following programs were whipsawed by reversals in oil and precious metals. Currencies also proved to be a detractor, as the Fund’s long U.S. dollar positions were hurt by a rebound in the Euro and Japanese yen. Performance in fixed income futures was marginally positive during the month. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net loss of 0.61%, 0.46%, 0.38% and 0.45% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

June 

Global equity markets remained stable in the first half of the month, despite a number of major political events, ranging from former FBI Director James Comey’s congressional testimony to general elections in the UK. However, market sentiment shifted at month-end after European Central Bank President Mario Draghi discussed the return of reflationary forces and the potential need to end quantitative easing measures later this year. Comments from the Bank of England and Bank of Canada were also more hawkish than anticipated. Markets interpreted these statements as the first step towards a less accommodative monetary policy environment and the result was a sharp sell-off in government bond markets accompanied by a rally in the Euro, British pound and Canadian dollar.

 

The Fund made money from long equity positions early in the month, but the ECB and BOE comments led to a decline in European equity markets that caused the sector to finish down modestly. Interest rate contracts were challenging for the Fund, as global long bond positions were hurt by the fixed income sell-off in the last week of the month. Agricultural prices jumped at month-end after a U.S. Department of Agriculture report indicated plantings were short of expectations for wheat and soybean, hurting the Fund’s short positions in those markets. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net loss of 3.85%, 3.71%, 3.63% and 3.69% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

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July 

Summertime markets were mostly quiet in July, despite political fireworks in the U.S. as Congress attempted to repeal the Affordable Care Act. The contentious nature of the vote and an inability to reach solidarity within the Republican Party was viewed as an impediment for passing tax reform and infrastructure spending later this year. The sector most impacted by the uncertainty was currencies. After starting the year at $1.05 against the U.S. dollar, the Euro strengthened to $1.18, rising in six of seven months this year and returning to its highest levels since early 2015. Equity indices drifted to all-time highs and largely ignored the political tumult in Washington.

 

The Fund was profitable in equity and currency markets, with slight losses in commodity and interest rate sectors. During the last three months, the Fund switched from a long U.S. dollar position against the Euro to being short U.S. dollar and long Euro. The timing worked out favorably for the Fund due to the continued appreciation of the Euro. Equity indices have been in an uptrend since March 2016 and the Fund continues to benefit from being long equities. Commodity prices were mostly rangebound in July and had a limited impact on overall Fund performance. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net gain of 0.81%, 0.96%, 1.04% and 0.98% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

August 

As summer entered the final stretch, global markets were generally calm, although there were periodic bouts of volatility due to an escalating North Korean threat and a terrorist attack in Spain. In the early part of the month, equity markets in the U.S. reached all-time highs, but valuation concerns along with the prospect of North Korean missile tests near the island of Guam caused markets to sell-off. In foreign exchange markets, the U.S. dollar continued to weaken against the Euro, with the exchange rate returning to early 2015 levels.

 

The Fund experienced broad based profits in August, with the strongest gains coming from the interest rate, metals, foreign exchange and agricultural sectors. Relatively choppy trading conditions in equity markets were a modest detractor for the Fund’s long equity allocation. Within the metals sector, the Fund was long copper and gold futures, which were profitable as those markets rallied. A long Euro exposure was beneficial and the Fund was also profitable trading emerging market currency pairs. Growing trepidation for a looming U.S. government shutdown in the fall led to a drop in interest rates as bond prices appreciated. The Fund was positioned long in interest rate contracts and realized profits as a result. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net gain of 3.14%, 3.30%, 3.38% and 3.31% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

September 

September saw a hawkish turn in central bank policy guidance due to rising inflation forecasts. Both the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England indicated that interest rate hikes were imminent. The Fed also announced that, starting in October, it would begin to sell bonds from its $4.5 trillion balance sheet. This led to a rise in U.S. and European bond yields, a fall in bond prices, a rally in the British pound and U.S. dollar, and a decline in gold. President Trump and Congressional Republicans turned their attention to long-promised tax cuts, propelling stock indices higher. Despite the prospect of monetary tightening and rising tension with North Korea, equity market volatility remained abnormally low, as the average level of the VIX so far in 2017 has been lower than any other year since the inception of the index.

 

The Fund profited from the sustained bullish trend in equities and also made gains from long positions in the energy sector as oil prices continued their recovery. However, long bond positions suffered as yields jumped on impending central bank tightening. The rise in the British pound and in the U.S. dollar hurt short positions in those currencies. In metals, long copper positions were negatively impacted by a price reversal caused by weaker Chinese demand. In September, the Fund made an adjustment to its line-up of managers, removing Lynx and adding Millburn, whose program blends trend following, machine learning and other futures strategies. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net loss of 3.83%, 3.69%, 3.61% and 3.67% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

October 

Global equities continued their march higher in October, as rich valuations appreciated further. The U.S. saw positive surprises in corporate earnings, gross domestic product (GDP) growth, and consumer confidence. President Trump and Congress turned their focus to tax cuts, which boosted stock market sentiment and strengthened the U.S. dollar. Markets largely ignored the initial indictments that came out of the Special Counsel’s election investigation. The European Central Bank announced it would cut the size of monthly bond purchases under its quantitative easing program, but extended the duration of the program through September 2018, which was longer than expected. This led to a rally in European stocks and bonds and depreciation in the Euro.

 

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October was the strongest month for the Fund since 2008, with significant gains coming from the Fund’s long equity index positions in the U.S., Germany and Japan. In the commodities sector, long exposures in oil and industrial metals were also profitable as global growth and stronger demand pushed up prices. Foreign exchange was the only sector that saw losses during the month, as long positions in the Euro, Australian Dollar and emerging market currencies declined against a rebounding U.S. dollar. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net gain of 6.41%, 6.56%, 6.65% and 6.58% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

November 

Markets were increasingly focused on tax reform in November. Early in the month, volatility picked up slightly as it appeared the House of Representatives was having difficulty achieving common ground on its proposed bill. Just prior to Thanksgiving, however, the House passed its proposal to reduce corporate and personal income taxes. This legislative momentum encouraged market participants to drive the S&P 500 Index higher, which has posted positive performance for 20 of the last 21 months. Notably, in energy markets, oil prices rallied in advance of an OPEC meeting near the end of the month. OPEC’s member-nations unanimously agreed to extend output cuts until the end of 2018 in an effort to support higher prices.

 

After the Fund posted its largest monthly gain since 2008 during October, performance was by comparison muted in November. Long positions in domestic and Asian equity indices contributed positively, but European equity indices were a detractor. Long oil contracts were profitable within the energy sector, but a short position in natural gas contracts led to offsetting losses. Foreign exchange was the top-performing sector due to strength in the Euro relative to the U.S. dollar. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net loss of 0.67%, 0.52%, 0.44% and 0.50% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

December 

U.S. equities rallied again in December as the long-anticipated Republican tax plan was passed and signed into law. This made 2017 the only year in history in which the S&P 500 made positive total returns every month. While fiscal policy was set on an easing track, monetary policy continued to tighten. The Federal Reserve raised interest rates by another 25 basis points and signaled its expectation that there could be 3 more rate hikes in 2018. In energy markets, WTI crude oil prices rose above $60 per barrel to finish at a high for the year, as traders were encouraged by OPEC’s decision to maintain production cuts into 2018.

 

The Fund enjoyed a positive December, with the strongest returns coming from long energy positions, particularly Brent crude oil and various distillates. In the equity sector, long U.S. and Asian stock positions were profitable. Metals were also a positive contributor with the largest gains coming from long positions in copper. In currencies, long exposure to emerging markets generated profits. The only major detractor for the month was fixed income, where long European bond positions were hurt by a sell-off ahead of an imminent reduction in the European Central Bank’s quantitative easing bond purchases. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a net gain of 2.92%, 3.07%, 3.16% and 3.09% for Class A, B, I and R Units, respectively.

 

2016 

January 

The Fund made a strong start to 2016, highlighting the non-correlation and diversification potential of managed futures amid prevailing risk-averse sentiment and a sell-off in stocks. Poor economic data from China fueled fear among equity investors of a global growth slowdown. The S&P 500 Index lost 4.96%, while the Euro Stoxx 50 fell 6.62% and the Nikkei dropped 7.95%. In energy markets, crude oil prices continued their descent, dipping below $30 per barrel due to weak demand and the prospect of higher production after the lifting of sanctions against Iran. The European Central Bank responded with talk of more aggressive monetary easing, while the Bank of Japan made a surprise move to negative interest rates, causing a rally in bond markets.

 

The Fund was profitable in January, posting its best monthly performance since 2008 by capitalizing on bearish market trends. The fixed income sector was the strongest contributor, as the Fund made gains from long positions in European and Japanese bond futures. In energy markets, short crude oil exposure also generated positive returns. Performance was more muted in other sectors, with modest gains and losses. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a gain of 5.77%, 5.93% and 6.02% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

February 

The Fund extended its strong start to the year in February, further underscoring the non-correlation and diversification potential of managed futures amid rising and falling markets. Key risk factors that weighed on global markets included China’s economic slowdown, U.S. political theater, as well as the risk of a “Brexit”, a British exit from the European Union. Many major indices breached bear market levels by mid-February. However, equity markets recovered over the second half of the month as the U.S. economy exhibited signs of improvement. Commodity markets were broadly mixed and the S&P GSCI finished with its first monthly gain since last October. Natural gas prices fell dramatically due to warmer weather and oversupply, while precious metals rose on safe haven buying.

 

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Fixed income was the top performing sector for the month, as the Fund benefitted from long positions in European, Japanese and U.S. bond futures. The energy sector was the second best performer due to a short position in natural gas and short exposure to crude oil. Other sectors had mixed performance, with modest overall return contribution. The Fund is positioned defensively as of month end, with long fixed income exposure complemented by short positions in commodities and mixed exposures in equities. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a gain of 3.88%, 4.03% and 4.03% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

March 

The year started with a severe decline in risk assets. By mid-February, however, global financial markets began to reverse course. The rebound continued during March, buoyed by central bank meetings and accommodative monetary policy across Europe, Japan and the U.S. Dovish comments from the U.S. Federal Reserve further reduced the likelihood of rate hikes this year and placed selling pressure on the U.S. dollar. Improved market sentiment also impacted commodity markets, where the S&P GSCI Index jumped more than 6%. There were broad based gains across agricultural, energy, and metal futures.

 

In the month of March, losses for the Fund were primarily from the fixed income and energy sectors. Stronger risk appetite pushed interest rates higher in the U.S. and Europe, impacting the Fund’s long fixed income positions. In the energy sector, indications of supply reductions from major oil producers lifted crude prices back above $40 per barrel, before drifting lower over the second half of the month. Currencies were flat as losses in short euro contracts were offset by gains in long positions in the Australian dollar, Brazilian real and Turkish lira. At month end the Fund’s largest risk exposures were to fixed income and currencies. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a loss of 2.88%, 2.74% and 2.66% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

April 

Many of the macroeconomic trends that dominated the first quarter reversed course in April, as fixed income markets sold off and energy markets drifted higher. German 10-year Bund yields rose from a low of 9 basis points (bps) to a high of 30 bps during the month, as the European Central Bank held off on adding to its existing stimulus plan. Meanwhile, in the U.S., improving economic data also caused 10-year Treasury yields to climb, hurting bond prices. Oil prices registered their biggest monthly gain in a year, despite major exporting countries being unable to agree on output cuts.

 

The Fund generated gains in the currency sector during the month, profiting from a Japanese yen rally after the Bank of Japan failed to deliver anticipated easing policies. The Fund was also able to capitalize on the rise in the price of gold and other precious metals. However, long exposures in fixed income led to losses, particularly in Europe, as bond prices declined. Short energy positions detracted from profits after an oil price rebound, while the equity sector was also a negative contributor given volatility in stock indices. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a loss of 3.84%, 3.70% and 3.62% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

May 

May was a choppy month, as global stock indices declined in the first half of the month before recovering on improved U.S. economic data, with the MSCI World Index finishing the month up 0.2%. In fixed income markets, an early rally was reversed when minutes from the April Federal Open Market Committee Meeting suggested that the next U.S. interest rate hike could come as soon as June. The Fed’s more hawkish guidance also caused the U.S. dollar to appreciate against most currencies, and led to a sell-off in gold.

 

May market reversals proved challenging for trend-following programs. In particular, the currency sector saw losses as the Fund’s long positions in the Australian dollar and Japanese yen were hurt by the rebounding U.S. dollar. The prospect of tighter U.S. monetary policy also negatively impacted long positions in gold and silver, as demand waned for precious metals as a store of value. Trading was profitable in the agricultural sector, however, with gains from rising soybean prices. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a loss of 2.83%, 2.69% and 2.61% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

June 

June was an exceptionally volatile month as global markets were unprepared for Britain’s referendum decision to leave the European Union. Investors reacted to Brexit by seeking the protection of safe haven assets such as bonds, while selling equities and the British Pound. The Pound fell 8.5% the day after the referendum, its largest one-day loss on record, which pushed the currency to its lowest level against the U.S. dollar since the mid-1980s. Bonds performed well in the flight to safety as yields on U.S. 10-year Treasuries declined from 1.85% at the end of May to 1.47% by the end of June.

 

The Fund began the month with mixed performance from choppy markets. However, the Brexit aftermath created strong trends that the Fund was able to successfully exploit. Long positions in UK, European and U.S. bonds, short positions in the British Pound, long positions in the Japanese yen and long precious metals positions all contributed to the Fund’s largest monthly gain since October 2008. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a gain of 6.25%, 6.41% and 6.49% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

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July 

July saw a return to calmer markets after the turmoil of the Brexit vote in June. The U.S. posted better-than-expected labor market data, while stability returned to UK politics with the quick selection of Theresa May as Britain’s new Prime Minister. Global stocks rallied, and the S&P 500 posted a new high for the first time since April 2015. It was a choppy month for global bond markets, but most investors continued to believe that central banks would remain accommodative. The U.S. 10-year yield briefly touched an all-time intra-day low of 1.32%, while Germany issued negative yielding 10-year bonds for the first time. Meanwhile, oil prices fell more than 20% below their June highs after OPEC countries ramped up production.

 

The Fund profited in July primarily from long positions in U.S. stock indices. Other positive contributors included short positions in oil and a long position in silver which hit 2-year highs. Performance in fixed income markets was mixed, with gains in long-term UK and German bonds being offset by losses in short-term U.S. interest rates. Currencies saw small losses from the Turkish Lira after a military coup attempt. Other declines came from the agricultural sector, where soybean prices fell from their recent highs due to better weather and increased supply. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a gain of 2.19%, 2.34% and 2.43% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

August 

The end of summer brought about very light trading volumes across most major markets, leading to minimal price movement in equity markets and a moderate sell-off in bonds. Indicative of the calm markets, the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) closed as low as 11 during the month, the lowest reading in more than two years. Global equity indices traded within a narrow range as traders awaited further clarity on upcoming events such as the Presidential election in the U.S. and the possibility of interest rate hikes by the Federal Reserve. Oil was one of the few markets to see a significant move, reversing a two-month sell-off. Rumors that OPEC was considering an output freeze in September caused the price of crude to bounce from a low of $39 per barrel in early August to $49 around mid-month.

 

The Fund experienced small gains in agricultural commodities and equity indices, which were offset by losses in oil and interest rate contracts. Fixed income markets sold off due to several comments from Federal Reserve officials suggesting that interest rate hikes were a possibility for later this year. In the energy sector, the Fund’s short oil positions lost money as prices rallied sharply. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a loss of 3.80%, 3.66% and 3.58% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

September 

In September, investor anxiety over potential changes in central bank policy led to choppy market conditions. Coming into the month, market participants expected that global monetary policy would remain accommodative for some time. Thus, when the European Central Bank revealed it had made no plans to extend its quantitative easing policy, investors reacted with alarm, causing global bonds and stocks to sell off. However, calm returned and markets recovered when the U.S. Federal Reserve decided not to raise interest rates at its September meeting. In energy markets, OPEC agreed to its first production cuts since the 2008 financial crisis, leading to a bounce in oil prices.

 

The Fund profited in foreign exchange markets during the month, capitalizing on trends in the Japanese yen and emerging market currencies. However, market reversals and seesawing price action in other sectors proved challenging for the Fund’s trend-following programs. In particular, the rebound in oil prices hurt the Fund’s short positions, while a correction in global bond markets hurt the Fund’s long positions. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a loss of 2.14%, 1.99% and 1.91% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

October 

During October, a broad range of assets reversed course as a result of a rise in political uncertainty in the U.S. and Europe. Tightening polls leading up to the U.S. election resulted in a decline in the S&P 500 and an increase in gold prices. The European Central Bank’s silence on the question of additional quantitative easing led to a sell-off in German bonds as the 10-year Bund yield rose from -0.12% to 0.16% over the month. In the UK, there were fears of a “hard” Brexit scenario, in which the terms of Britain’s departure from the European Union might lead to a sharp increase in European tariffs on British exports. This caused the British pound to depreciate 5.6% against the U.S. dollar, while UK bond prices fell.

 

The month was challenging for trend-following strategies, with price reversals occurring in a wide range of markets. Currency trading was profitable as the Fund made gains on short positions in the euro and British pound. However, the Fund saw losses on its long positions in European bonds and U.S. equities, which both sold off. In commodity markets, short positions in gold and grains were hurt by a rebound in prices, while long natural gas positions were negatively impacted by unseasonably warm weather, which caused prices to fall. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a loss of 5.15%, 5.01% and 4.93% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

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November 

In November, Donald Trump’s surprising election win altered market expectations for the future course of U.S. economic policy. With the Republican Party retaining control of Congress, investors anticipated that Trump would successfully push through a reflationary fiscal policy consisting of tax cuts and infrastructure spending. This outlook was mostly supportive of risk assets, led by a rally in pro-cyclical equity market sectors such as financials and industrials, while more defensive sectors sold off. Moreover, prospects for stronger economic growth and larger fiscal deficits caused the U.S. 10-year Treasury yield to jump 56 basis points and led to the largest ever monthly sell-off in the Barclays Global Aggregate Bond Index, which lost $1.7 trillion in value. Rising U.S. yields helped to push the dollar higher against most global currencies. After much squabbling, OPEC members passed an agreement to cut production, causing oil prices to jump to $50 a barrel.

 

The Fund’s long positions in stock index futures profited from the bounce in equities in November. In currencies, the Fund made gains on short positions in the euro, but this was offset by losses on short positions in the British pound, which appreciated during the month. The sharp drop in bond prices hit the Fund’s long bond exposures, which were subsequently unwound. Short energy positions proved to be a performance detractor, as oil and natural gas prices reversed and surged higher. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a loss of 1.87%, 1.73% and 1.64% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

December 

In December, global markets were influenced by the Presidential election in the U.S., a referendum in Italy and an interest rate hike by the Federal Reserve. With Donald Trump’s election win and the Republican Party retaining control of Congress, investors anticipated that major legislative initiatives for the coming year would focus on pro-growth policies such as tax cuts and infrastructure spending. Interest rates in the U.S. continued rising as inflationary pressure steadily built, leading to concerns that the Federal Reserve may need to accelerate interest rate hikes. Furthermore, an improving economic outlook and the likelihood for tighter monetary policy caused the U.S. dollar to strengthen versus other developed currencies.

 

Rising equity markets in Europe and the U.S. benefited the Fund’s long equity positions. The Fund also experienced small gains across a variety of interest rate contracts with a positive contribution from long interest rate contracts in Germany and short U.S. interest rate contracts. Foreign exchange trends were similar to November and the Fund profited from being short euro, short British pound and short Japanese yen against the U.S. dollar. Choppy price action led to modest losses in agricultural commodity contracts and metals. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a gain of 2.52%, 2.67% and 2.75% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

2015 

January 

In January, Europe’s economic woes continued to have a major impact on financial markets. In order to combat deflationary pressures, the European Central Bank implemented quantitative easing, committing to purchase €60 billion of government bonds per month for 19 months. This led to further depreciation of the euro and a rally in European stocks. In order to untether itself from the falling euro, the Swiss National Bank made a surprise move to de-peg the Swiss franc, which led to a dramatic 30% intraday spike in its exchange rate. In the U.S., bond yields plummeted, with the 30-year yield hitting a historic low of 2.2%, as foreign buyers plowed into safe haven assets supported by a strong U.S. dollar.

 

2015 began with a continuation of many of the strong trends seen in the second half of 2014. The Fund made the bulk of its gains in January from long bond positions, particularly in the U.S. In currencies, the Fund profited from a short position in the euro, which more than offset Swiss franc losses. Short energy positions were also positive contributors. Choppiness in S&P 500 led to a modest loss in the equities sector. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a gain of 4.17%, 4.33% and 4.41% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

February 

February began with a sell-off in bonds after a strong labor market report in the U.S. led to speculation of interest rate hikes in the second half of the year. Improved growth prospects also stoked a rally in equities, as the S&P 500 made its biggest monthly gain since October 2011. Driven by cold U.S. weather and a falling North American oilrig count, energy prices saw a rebound for the first time since the precipitous decline that began in June 2014. The U.S. dollar continued to appreciate against most major currencies, with the exception of the British pound, which strengthened after the UK saw its eighth straight quarter of positive growth.

 

The Fund’s largest gains for the month came from its long stock index positions. However, trend reversals in bonds hurt the Fund’s long fixed income positions. In currencies, profits made on declines in the euro and Japanese yen were offset by losses from the rising British pound. Short exposure in energy markets also detracted from performance as oil prices staged a minor recovery. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a gain of 0.07%, 0.21% and 0.28% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

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March 

Monetary easing in Europe remained the dominant theme in financial markets in March. The European Central Bank began its bond purchases under its new quantitative easing program, designed to lower borrowing costs and stimulate growth in the region. This pushed down German 10-year bond yields to below 0.2%, and caused the euro to depreciate to its lowest level against the U.S. dollar since 2003. Meanwhile, the U.S. Federal Open Market Committee struck a more dovish tone than the market expected on the timing of interest rate hikes, despite positive labor market trends. In energy markets, a continued supply glut pushed oil prices down to $44 per barrel during the month.

 

The Fund’s largest gains for the month came from its long fixed income positions, particularly in U.S. short term interest rates and UK gilts. In currencies, short euro positions against the U.S. dollar proved profitable. Short oil positions also contributed positively, taking advantage of the slide in energy prices. Performance in equity indices was flat with gains in Europe and Japan being offset by losses in the U.S. Overall, the Fund finished the month with a gain of 2.00%, 2.15% and 2.07% for Class A, B and I Units, respectively.

 

April 

In April, markets were quiet through the first three weeks of the month, but a shift in sentiment towards European monetary easing during the final days of the month caused reversals in many of the most profitable trends from the first quarter. Signs of economic improvement in Europe raised fears that quantitative easing programs would be removed sooner than anticipated. The result was a sudden rise in interest rates, and a rebound in the euro along with a retreat in European equity markets.

 

The Fund experienced its largest losses in currencies, interest rates and energy. Losses were partially offset by gains in non-European stock indices. In currencies, the Fund’s net short position against the euro accounted for the majority of losses. In the interest rate instruments, losses occurred during the last week of the month, primarily from Gilts, Canadian Bonds, U.S. Treasury Bonds and German Bunds. Stock indices experienced broad based gains, with long positions in the Hang Sang and Chinese equity index contributing to performance. The Fund finished the month with a loss of 4.04%, 3.89% and 3.81% for Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

May 

The sudden deterioration in investor sentiment over Europe’s quantitative easing (QE) program carried over from April into the first half of May. Yields on the German Bund, which had previously been on a steady decline, rose sharply from a low of 7 basis points (bps) in late April to a high of 72bps by mid-May. The euro also rebounded against the U.S. dollar, reversing its depreciating trend. However, in the second half of the month worries over Greek debt repayments and an announcement by the European Central Bank (ECB) that it could bring forward its scheduled bond purchases from July and August into June caused the euro and European bond yields to fall once again. Meanwhile, in Japan, expectations of further monetary stimulus on the back of disappointing economic data drove the Japanese yen to a 12-year low against the U.S. dollar, which boosted export-oriented Japanese stocks.

 

The Fund saw losses in the first half of May as a result of a sharp sell-off in bonds, particularly in the German Bund. Other early losses came as a result of a rebound in precious metal prices, which hurt the Fund’s short positions. The Fund made some gains later in the month through short positions in the euro and Japanese yen, which benefited from a depreciation of those currencies against the U.S. dollar. Nevertheless, the Fund finished the month with a loss of 1.42%, 1.27% and 1.19% on Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

June 

June saw large reversals across a broad range of markets as a result of shifting sentiment in Europe and Asia. The Greek debt crisis once again became a focal point for investors. After early optimism on a possible bailout deal, the Greek government shocked markets with a weekend announcement that the European creditors’ proposed bailout plan and austerity demands would be put to a national referendum, increasing the risk of a full default and a Greek exit from the Eurozone. This caused the largest ever gap decline in Eurostoxx equity index futures when markets re-opened on the last Monday of the month. Elsewhere, the frothy Chinese equity market extended its huge run up before falling more than 20%. Chinese authorities sought to quell concerns by cutting interest rates for the fourth time since last November, causing stocks to rebound. Apart from the macroeconomic issues that dominated headlines, unexpectedly heavy rainfall in the U.S. Midwest delayed crop plantings and caused a sharp reversal in the downtrend recently seen in agricultural commodities.

 

Equity indices, particularly in Europe, were the biggest detractors during the month, as long positions were hurt when the crisis in Greece sparked a broad stock sell-off. Short positions in agricultural commodities also struggled during the month. Wheat and corn prices jumped suddenly, reversing their entire year-to-date trend decline in just seven trading days, as wet weather delayed plantings and reduced supply forecasts. A choppy environment in currencies also proved challenging, as the euro and the Japanese yen rebounded against the U.S. dollar. The Fund finished the month with a loss of 6.94%, 6.80% and 6.73% for Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

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July 

July saw markets begin to trend again after the reversals of the second quarter. While global equity and fixed income markets moved modestly higher for the month, commodities were down more than 14%, as represented by the S&P GSCI. The decline in commodities was caused by weakening demand from China, a stronger U.S. dollar and supply/demand imbalances. Energy markets experienced the strongest sell-off as crude oil futures lost more than 21%, hitting a low of $47 per barrel by month end. Markets were concerned with a surprise increase in the U.S. oil rig count, as well as potential new supply from Iran after a lifting of sanctions. In metals markets, concerns about slowing growth in China put pressure on the price of industrial metals. This broad commodity weakness also led to depreciation in the currencies of exporting countries, such as Canada and Australia.

 

The Fund enjoyed a strong rebound in July, making profits in metals, energy, currencies and interest rates. Performance in agricultural commodities was flat, while equity indices were a marginal detractor. The metals sector was the top contributor and gold was the best performing contract, as short positions benefitted from declining prices. Gold futures prices were down over 6% in July, due to both U.S. dollar strength and a disclosure from China’s central bank that it had purchased less gold during the prior six years than markets realized. Short positions in energy markets profited from falling Brent and WTI crude oil prices. Short exposure to commodity exporting currencies and long fixed income positions also made gains. The Fund finished the month with a gain of 5.68%, 5.83% and 5.93% for Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

August 

In August, news from China led to a tumultuous month for global financial markets. China’s CSI 300 equity index fell 37% by month end from its June peak, which impacted emerging markets, before spreading to developed markets, with the S&P 500 falling as much as 11% intra-month. Speculation mounted that the Fed might respond by deferring U.S. interest rate hikes, leading to weakness in the U.S. dollar against the euro and Japanese yen. Commodity prices also fell for most of the month, but the last three trading days saw a 27% rebound in oil prices, the largest percentage jump since 1990.

 

The Fund came into August with long positions in developed market equities, and was hit by the sharp sell-off in the second half of the month. Trend following managers moved to a net short position in stock indices by month-end, but not before incurring losses. In foreign exchange markets, the decline in the U.S. dollar hurt the Fund’s long dollar exposure against major currencies. Early gains in long fixed income and short commodity positions were offset at month end after sharp, choppy reversals in these markets. The Fund finished the month with a loss. The trading strategies employed in the Fund have the potential to take advantage of periods of extended market stress, but it is normal to suffer drawdowns at turning points, as managers respond to new trends and reposition their portfolios. Managers’ trading systems are designed to react to price patterns that evolve over the course of days and months. However, it is important to remember that extreme intraday and overnight price reversals, which we saw in August, can be challenging to navigate. Despite this month’s setback, we believe that the Fund’s managers will be successful over the long-term and deliver valuable diversification for investors’ portfolios. The Fund finished the month with a loss of 5.85%, 5.71% and 5.63% for Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

September 

The global equity rout which began in August spilled over into September. In the U.S., the S&P 500 declined 2.5% during the month. International stocks fell even more, as the Eurostoxx 50 was down 5.1% and the Nikkei dropped 7.3%. China’s slowdown continued to weigh on a broad range of industrial commodities. An overhang in global supply in crude oil relative to reduced demand caused prices to fall from $50 to $45 per barrel. Amid the backdrop of weak global growth, the Fed delayed its first interest rate hike and fixed income markets rallied.

 

Trend-following managers were able to capitalize on September’s decline in investor risk sentiment. The largest positive contributing sector was fixed income, with profitable long positions in interest rate futures as well as in long term bonds. Short oil exposure benefited from the sell-off in energy. Equity positions were small during the month and had little impact on performance. In agricultural markets, the Fund gained on short positions in cattle futures, as robust growth in herds pushed down prices. However this was offset by short positions in sugar as excessive rain in Brazil caused prices to spike. The Fund finished the month with a gain of 3.87%, 4.03% and 4.11% for Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

October 

After several tumultuous months, risk appetite returned to global markets in October. Equity indices led the way, as the S&P 500 Index finished with a gain of 8.4%. China’s recent stock market volatility subsided, providing a catalyst for improved investor sentiment. Later in the month, the European Central Bank further supported markets by emphasizing the potential for more quantitative easing due to low levels of inflation. In the U.S., the Federal Reserve gave its strongest indication yet that interest rate hikes could happen as soon as December.

 

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The sudden change in risk sentiment created a challenging environment for many trend-following managers, as price trends reversed. While the Fund’s positions in equity indices and energy contributed positively to performance, agricultural commodities, metals and interest rates were the largest detractors. In energy markets, mild U.S. weather was a tailwind for the Fund’s short natural gas position. However, in the agricultural sector, short positions in live cattle were negatively impacted by a sharp price recovery despite continued growth in herds. A sharp sell-off in fixed income as a result of the Federal Reserve’s rate hike comments hurt the Fund’s long bond position. The Fund finished the month with a loss of 1.94%, 1.79% and 1.71% for Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

November 

The Fund benefited from numerous trends in November, gaining over 5% for the month. Commodities continued their year-to-date decline, as the GSCI Total Return Index came under additional selling pressure in November, falling 9.0% for the month. Meanwhile, most major equity markets gained during the month, while U.S. fixed income markets stumbled and European fixed income markets were moderately stronger. Central banks remained in the headlines, with minutes from the recent FOMC meeting suggesting that the Fed was comfortable with a potential interest rate hike in December. In contrast, officials in Europe kept open the possibility of further easing measures by the end of the year.

 

Positions in currencies, energy, metals, agricultural commodities and equity indices contributed positively to performance, while fixed income positions were marginal detractors. Expectations of a Fed rate hike, coupled with potential monetary easing in Europe drove profitability in the Fund’s short euro position against the U.S. dollar. However, the same theme led to losses in U.S. fixed income contracts where the Fund was positioned long across most maturities. Short positioning in physical commodities was profitable, particularly in energy, where oversupply and a mild start to the winter season helped the Funds’ natural gas and crude oil positions. The Fund finished the month with a gain of 5.63%, 5.79% and 5.88% for Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

December 

December saw large price reversals in European futures markets. Early in the month, the European Central Bank disappointed investors by announcing modest monetary easing measures, after months of rhetoric that suggested more aggressive policy action might be coming. European bonds and stocks sold off sharply, while the euro rallied against the U.S. dollar. German 10-year Bunds experienced their largest one day loss since the inception of that futures market in 1990. In the U.S., the Federal Reserve raised interest rates for the first time in nearly a decade, but this had limited impact on markets as prices largely reflected that information prior to the announcement. Separately, OPEC decided to maintain production targets despite lower oil prices, placing further selling pressure on crude oil.

 

Short energy positions were profitable for the Fund, as crude oil futures fell below $36 per barrel, matching prices last seen during the financial crisis in 2008. However, market reversals after the ECB’s underwhelming policy actions caused losses in currencies, fixed income and equity indices. The Fund’s main detractors were Euro-centric, including the euro, the German Bund and the Euro Stoxx 50. The Fund finished the month with a net loss. The Fund finished the month with a loss of 4.77%, 4.63% and 4.55% for Class A, B and I units, respectively.

 

Liquidity

 

There are no known material trends, demands, commitments, events, or uncertainties at the present time that are reasonably likely to result in the Fund’s liquidity increasing or decreasing in any material way.

 

Capital Resources

 

The Fund intends to raise additional capital through the continued sale of Units and does not intend to raise capital through borrowing. Due to the nature of the Fund’s business, the Fund does not contemplate making capital expenditures. The Fund does not have, nor does it expect to have, any capital assets. Redemptions, exchanges and sales of Units in the future will affect the amount of funds available for investment in futures contracts, etc. in subsequent periods. It is not possible to estimate the amount, and therefore the impact, of future inflows and outflows funds related to the sale and redemption of Units. There are no known material trends, favorable or unfavorable, that would affect, nor any expected material changes to, the Fund’s capital resource arrangements at the present time.

 

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Contractual Obligations

 

The Fund does not have any contractual obligations of the type contemplated by Item 303(a)(5) of Regulation S-K. The Fund’s sole business is trading futures and forward currency contracts, both long (contracts to buy) and short (contracts to sell).

 

Off-Balance Sheet Risk

 

The term “off-balance sheet risk” refers to an unrecorded potential liability that, even though it does not appear on the balance sheet, may result in future obligation or loss. The Fund trades in futures and forward currency contracts, and is therefore a party to financial instruments with elements of off-balance sheet market and credit risk. In entering into these contracts there exists a risk to the Fund that such contracts may be significantly influenced by market conditions, such as interest rate volatility, resulting in such contracts being less valuable. If the markets should move against all of the futures interests positions of the Fund at the same time, and if the trading advisors were unable to offset futures interest positions of the Fund, the Fund could lose all of its assets and the limited partners would realize a 100% loss. The General Partner minimizes market risk through diversification of the portfolio allocations to multiple trading advisors, and maintenance of a margin-to-equity ratio that rarely exceeds 35%.

 

In addition to subjecting the Fund to market risk, upon entering into futures and forward currency contracts there is a risk that the counterparty will not be able to meet its obligations to the Fund. The counterparty for futures contracts traded in the U.S. and on most foreign exchanges is the clearinghouse associated with such exchange. In general, clearinghouses are backed by the corporate members of the clearinghouse who are required to share any financial burden resulting from the non-performance by one of their members and, as such, should significantly reduce this risk. In cases where the clearinghouse is not backed by the clearing members, as is the case with some foreign exchanges, it is normally backed by a consortium of banks or other financial institutions.

 

In the case of forward currency contracts, which are traded on the interbank market rather than on exchanges, the counterparty is generally a single bank or other financial institution, rather than a group of financial institutions, thus there may be a greater counterparty risk. The General Partner utilized only those counterparties that it believes to be creditworthy for the Fund. All positions of the Fund are valued each day on a mark-to-market basis. There can be no assurance, however, that any clearing member, clearinghouse or other counterparty will be able to meet its obligations to the Fund.

 

The Fund may invest in U.S. Treasury securities, U.S. and foreign government sponsored enterprise notes, certificates of deposit, commercial paper, asset backed securities and corporate notes. Should an issuing entity default on its obligation to the Fund and such entity is not backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government, the Fund bears the risk of loss of the amount expected to be received. The Fund minimizes this risk by only investing in securities and certificates of deposit of firms with high quality debt ratings.

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

A summary of the Fund’s significant accounting policies are included in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements.

 

The Fund’s most significant accounting policy is the valuation of its assets invested in U.S. and foreign futures and forward currency contracts, and fixed income instruments. The Fund’s futures contracts are exchange-traded, with the fair value of these contracts based on exchange settlement prices. The fair values of non-exchange-traded contracts, such as forward currency contracts, are based on third-party quoted dealer values on the interbank market. The fair value of money market funds is based on quoted market prices for identical shares. U.S. Treasury securities are stated at fair value based on quoted market prices for identical assets in an active market. Notes of U.S. and foreign government sponsored enterprises, as well as certificates of deposit, commercial paper, asset backed securities and corporate notes, are stated at fair value based on quoted market prices for similar assets in an active market. Given the valuation sources, there is little judgment or uncertainty involved in the valuation of these assets, and it is unlikely that materially different amounts would be reported under different valuation methodologies or assumptions.

 

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Item 7A.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Introduction

 

The Fund is a speculative commodity pool. The market-sensitive instruments held by it are acquired for speculative trading purposes, and all or a substantial amount of the Fund’s assets are subject to the risk of trading loss. Unlike an operating company, the risk of market sensitive instruments is integral, not incidental, to the Fund’s main line of business.

 

Market movements result in frequent changes in the fair value of the Fund’s open positions and, consequently, in its earnings and cash flow. The Fund’s market risk is influenced by a wide variety of factors, including the level and volatility of exchange rates, interest rates, equity price levels, the market value of financial instruments and contracts, the diversification effects among the Fund’s open positions and the liquidity of the markets in which it trades.

 

The Fund acquires and liquidates both long and short positions in a wide range of different markets. Consequently, it is not possible to predict how a particular future market scenario will affect performance, and the Fund’s past performance cannot be relied on as indicative of its future results.

 

Standard of Materiality

 

Materiality as used in this section, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk,” is based on an assessment of reasonably possible market movements and the potential losses caused by such movements, taking into account the leverage, and multiplier features of the Fund’s market sensitive instruments.

 

Quantifying the Fund’s Trading Value at Risk

 

The following quantitative disclosures regarding the Fund’s market risk exposures contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. All quantitative disclosures in this section are deemed to be forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor, except for statements of historical fact.

 

Value at Risk is a measure of the maximum amount which the Fund could reasonably be expected to lose in a given market sector. However, the inherent uncertainty of the Fund’s speculative trading and the recurrence in the markets traded by the Fund to market movements far exceeding expectations could result in actual trading or non-trading losses far beyond the indicated Value at Risk or the Fund’s experience to date (i.e., “risk of ruin”). Risk of ruin is defined to be no more than a 5% chance of losing 20% or more on a monthly basis. In light of the foregoing as well as the risks and uncertainties intrinsic to all future projections, the inclusion of the quantification included in this section should not be considered to constitute any assurance or representation that the Fund’s losses in any market sector will be limited to Value at Risk or by the Fund’s attempts to manage its market risk.

 

The Fund’s risk exposure in the various market sectors traded by the Fund’s Trading Advisors is quantified below in terms of Value at Risk. Due to mark-to-market accounting, any loss in the fair value of the Fund’s open positions is directly reflected in the Fund’s earnings.

 

Exchange margin requirements have been used by the Fund as the measure of its Value at Risk. Margin requirements are set by exchanges to equal or exceed the maximum losses reasonably expected to be incurred in the fair value of any given contract in 95% - 99% of any one-day interval. The margin levels are established by dealers and exchanges using historical price studies as well as an assessment of current market volatility and economic fundamentals to provide a probabilistic estimate of the maximum expected near-term one-day price fluctuation.

 

In the case of market sensitive instruments that are not exchange-traded (includes currencies, certain energy products and metals), the margin requirements required by the forward counterparty is used as Value at Risk.

 

In quantifying the Fund’s Value at Risk, 100% positive correlation in the different positions held in each market risk category has been assumed. Consequently, the margin requirements applicable to the open contracts have simply been aggregated to determine each trading category’s aggregate Value at Risk. The diversification effects resulting from the fact that the Fund’s positions are rarely, if ever, 100% positively correlated, have not been reflected.

 

Value at Risk as provided may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by others.

 

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The Fund’s Trading Value at Risk in Different Market Sectors

 

The following table indicates the trading Value at Risk associated with the Fund’s open positions by market sector at December 31, 2017 and 2016. All open position trading risk exposures of the Fund have been included in calculating the figures set forth below. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Fund’s total capitalization was $357,535,425 and $563,199,285, respectively.

 

   December 31, 
   2017   2016 
Market Sector  Value at Risk  

% of Total  

Capitalization 

   Value at Risk  

% of Total 

Capitalization 

 
                 
Agricultural commodities  $4,433,155    1.24%  $5,685,505    1.01%
Currencies   19,663,340    5.50    25,932,828    4.60 
Energy   6,107,457    1.71    5,107,361    0.91 
Equity indices   28,841,492    8.06    42,931,048    7.63 
Interest rate instruments   6,824,373    1.91    9,986,445    1.77 
Metals   5,017,984    1.40    6,817,293    1.21 
Single stock futures   4,565,988    1.28    5,709,471    1.01 
Total  $75,453,789    21.10%  $102,169,951    18.14%

 

Material Limitations on Value at Risk as an Assessment of Market Risk

 

The face value of the market sector instruments held by the Fund is typically many times the applicable margin requirement (margin requirements generally range between approximately 1% and 15% of contract face value) as well as many times the capitalization of the Fund. The magnitude of the Fund’s open positions creates a risk of ruin not typically found in most other investment vehicles. Because of the size of its positions, certain market conditions - unusual, but historically recurring from time to time - could cause the Fund to incur severe losses over a short period of time. The foregoing Value at Risk tables, as well as the past performance of the Fund, gives no indication of this risk of ruin.

 

Non-Trading Risk

 

The Fund has non-trading market risk on its foreign cash balances not needed for margin. However, these balances (as well as the market risk they represent) are immaterial to the Fund as a whole. The Fund also has non-trading market risk as a result of investing a substantial portion of its available assets in U.S. Treasury securities, U.S. government sponsored enterprise notes, commercial paper, corporate notes, asset backed securities and certificates of deposit. Although these investments are considered to be high quality, some of the securities purchased are neither guaranteed by the U.S. government nor supported by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. There is some risk that a security issuer may fail to pay the interest and principal in a timely manner, or that negative perceptions about the issuer’s ability to make such payments will cause the price of these instruments to decline in value.

 

Qualitative Disclosures Regarding Primary Trading Risk Exposures

 

The following qualitative disclosures regarding the Fund’s market risk exposures - except for those disclosures that are statements of historical fact and the descriptions of how the Fund manages its primary market risk exposures - constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, (“1933 Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, (“1934 Act”). The Fund’s primary market risk exposures as well as the strategies used and to be used by the Fund’s Trading Advisors for managing such exposures are subject to numerous uncertainties, contingencies and risks, any one of which could cause the actual results of the Fund’s risk controls to differ materially from the objectives of such strategies. Government interventions, defaults and expropriations, illiquid markets, the emergence of dominant fundamental factors, political upheavals, changes in historical price relationships, an influx of new market participants, increased regulation and many other factors could result in material losses as well as in material changes to the risk exposures and the risk management strategies of the Fund. There can be no assurance that the Fund’s current market exposure and/or risk management strategies will not change materially or that any such strategies will be effective in either the short- or long-term. Investors must be prepared to lose all or substantially all of their investment in the Fund.

 

The following were the primary trading risk exposures of the Fund as of December 31, 2017, by market sector.

 

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Agricultural Commodities 

The Fund takes positions in a broad range of agricultural futures, including soybeans, wheat, corn, sugar, and cotton among others. Prices in these markets can be affected by changes in demand, as well changes in supply factors such as weather and inventory levels.

 

Currencies 

The Fund trades in foreign exchange markets by taking positions in currency futures and forward contracts for a large number of developed and emerging market currencies. Exposures may take the form of direct exchange rates against the U.S. dollar, or cross-rates between two foreign currencies. Exchange rates can be impacted by economic differences between regions (such as interest rate differentials or economic growth differentials), political events, as well as investor risk sentiment.

 

Energy  

The Fund gains trading exposure in energy markets through oil and gas futures, which include WTI crude oil, Brent crude oil, distillates such as heating oil, and natural gas. Prices have historically been highly volatile, driven by demand side factors such as global economic growth and weather conditions, as well as supply side factors such as Middle East conflicts, OPEC production agreements, and shale production.

 

Equity Indices 

The Fund has exposure to major stock market indices around the world through equity index futures. Primary exposures are in developed markets such as the U.S., the UK, Germany, Japan, Hong Kong and Australia, but there can also be exposure to smaller developing market stock indices. Equity index price movements can be affected by microeconomic factors such as corporate earnings, by macroeconomic factors such as government fiscal and monetary policy, as well as by investor sentiment.

 

Interest Rate Instruments 

The Fund has exposure to global fixed income markets through bond futures and interest rate futures in countries such as the U.S., the UK, Germany, Japan and Australia. The Fund has exposure across the yield curve with positions in the futures for both short term and long term instruments. The yield curve (and futures prices) can be affected by economic growth, inflation expectations, monetary policy and investor risk aversion.

 

Metals 

The Fund has exposure to metals futures, including both precious metals such as gold, silver and platinum, as well as industrial metals such as copper, aluminum and zinc. Metals prices can be volatile. Precious metals prices are often driven by inflation expectations, risk aversion, and mining output. Industrial metals prices tend to be impacted by industrial demand relative to production.

 

Single Stock Futures 

The Fund has a small exposure to single stock futures, with positions primarily in companies that trade on U.S. exchanges. The price drivers here tend to be more microeconomic with corporate earnings and industry trends being important. However, macroeconomic and market-wide factors can also affect single stock futures prices.

 

Qualitative Disclosures Regarding Non-Trading Risk Exposure

 

The following were the significant non-trading risk exposures of the Fund as of December 31, 2017 and 2016.

 

Foreign Currency Balances 

The Fund’s primary foreign currency balances are in euros, Japanese yen, British pounds, Australian dollars, Hong Kong dollars and Canadian dollars. The Fund controls the non-trading risk of these balances by regularly converting these balances back into dollars (no less frequently than once a week).

 

U.S. Treasury Securities, U.S. and Foreign Government Sponsored Enterprise Notes, Commercial Paper, Corporate Notes, Asset Backed Securities and Certificates of Deposit 

Monies in excess of margin requirements are generally invested in fixed income instruments, including U.S. Treasury securities, U.S. and foreign government sponsored enterprise notes, commercial paper, corporate notes, asset backed securities and certificates of deposit. Fluctuations in prevailing interest rates could cause immaterial mark-to-market gains or losses on the Fund’s investments; although substantially all of these investments are held to maturity.

 

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Qualitative Disclosures Regarding Means of Managing Risk Exposure

 

The means by which the Fund and the Fund’s Trading Advisors, severally, attempt to manage the risk of the Fund’s open positions is essentially the same in all market sectors traded. The Fund’s Trading Advisors apply risk management policies to their respective trading which generally limit the total exposure that may be taken. In addition, the Trading Advisors generally follow proprietary diversification guidelines (often formulated in terms of the balanced volatility between markets and correlated groups).

 

The Fund is unaware of any (i) anticipated known demands, commitments or capital expenditures; (ii) material trends, favorable or unfavorable, in its capital resources; or (iii) trends or uncertainties that will have a material effect on operations. From time to time, certain regulatory agencies have proposed increased margin requirements on futures contracts. Because the Fund generally will use a small percentage of assets as margin, the Fund does not believe that any increase in margin requirements, as proposed, will have a material effect on the Fund’s operations.

 

Item 8.Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

Financial statements meeting the requirements of Regulation S-X appear in Part IV of this report. The supplementary financial information specified by Item 302 of Regulation S-K is included in this report under the heading “Selected Financial Data” above.

 

Item 9.Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures

 

None.

 

Item 9A.Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The General Partner of the Fund, with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Fund’s disclosure controls and procedures at December 31, 2017 (the “Evaluation Date”). Based on their evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the General Partner concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, the Fund’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Any control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable (not absolute) assurance that its objectives will be met. Furthermore, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected.

 

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

The management of the General Partner is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting by the Fund.

 

The Fund’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The Fund’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Fund; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, and that receipts and expenditures of the Fund are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management of the Fund; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Fund’s assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention of overriding controls. Accordingly, even effective internal control over financial reporting can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

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Management assessed the effectiveness of the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017, based on the framework set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework published in 2013. Based on that assessment, management concluded that, as of December 31, 2017, the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting is effective based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework published in 2013.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There has been no change in internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the year ended December 31, 2017 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

PART III

 

Item 10.Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

The Fund itself has no directors or officers and has no employees. It is managed by the General Partner in its capacity as General Partner. The Kenneth E. Steben Revocable Trust, dated January 29, 2008, (“Trust”) is the majority shareholder of the General Partner and Mr. Kenneth E. Steben is the sole trustee and beneficiary of the Trust. The directors and executive officers of the General Partner are Kenneth E. Steben, Michael D. Bulley, Carl A. Serger and Francine Rosenberger. Their respective biographies are set forth below.

 

Kenneth E. Steben is the General Partner’s founder, President and Chief Executive Officer. Additionally, he is Chairman of the board of directors of the General Partner. Mr. Steben, born in January 1955, received his Bachelor’s Degree in Interdisciplinary Studies, with a concentration in Accounting in 1979 from Maharishi University of Management. Mr. Steben has been a licensed stockbroker since 1981 and a licensed commodities broker since 1983. Mr. Steben holds his Series 3, 5, 7, 24, 63 and 65 FINRA and NFA licenses. Mr. Steben has been a CFTC listed Principal, and registered as an Associated Person since March 15, 1989.

 

Michael D. Bulley is a Director. Mr. Bulley is a CAIASM designee and Member of the Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst Association®. Mr. Bulley, born in October 1957, received his Bachelor’s Degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin – Madison in 1980 and his Master’s in Business Administration with a concentration in Finance from Johns Hopkins University in 1998. Mr. Bulley joined the General Partner as SVP, Research and Risk Management in November 2002 and retired in July 2016.

 

Carl A. Serger is Chief Financial Officer and a Director. Mr. Serger joined the General Partner in December of 2009 and has been listed as a CFTC Principal of the General Partner since February 2, 2010. Mr. Serger, born in March 1960, graduated cum laude from Old Dominion University with a BS in Business Administration and has a Technology Management Certification from the California Institute of Technology. Prior to joining the General Partner, Mr. Serger was the CFO and Senior Vice President of Operations of Peracon, Inc., a software platform for institutional commercial real estate transactions from November 2007 through November 2009. From July 2007 to November 2007, he acted as an independent consultant to start-up companies in the financial services and technology industries. From January 2007 to July 2007, Mr. Serger was the CFO, Senior Vice President and Treasurer of Ebix, Inc., an international software company serving the financial services and insurance industries. From October 2006 through December 2006, he was President of Finetre Corporation, a division of Ebix, Inc. From December 1999 until its October 2006 acquisition by Ebix, Inc., Mr. Serger was the CFO, Senior Vice President and Treasurer of Finetre Corporation, a financial technology platform company providing services to major brokerage firms, banks and insurance companies. Mr. Serger holds a Series 28 FINRA license.

 

Francine Rosenberger is General Counsel and a Director. Ms. Rosenberger, born in October 1967, earned her Bachelor of Arts from Juniata College in 1989, and graduated magna cum laude, with a J.D., from The Columbus School of Law at Catholic University in 1995. Prior to joining the General Partner, Ms. Rosenberger was in the Investment Management practice at the law firm of K&L Gates from September 1995 until January 2014. At K&L Gates, Ms. Rosenberger specialized in the formation, structuring and operation of investment companies, ETFs, and commodity pools. She has been a CFTC listed Principal of the General Partner since March 7, 2014.

 

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Kenneth E. Steben Revocable Trust, dated January 29, 2008, has been a CFTC listed Principal of the General Partner since March 10, 2008. The Trust is the majority shareholder of the General Partner. Kenneth E. Steben is the sole beneficiary of the Trust and serves as its sole trustee. A biography of Mr. Steben is set forth above.

 

Since August 1, 2013, the General Partner has acted as the general partner for Steben Select Multi-Strategy Partners, L.P., a privately offered investment fund. Since August 1, 2013, the General Partner has been the Investment Manager for Steben Select Multi-Strategy Master Fund, a privately offered closed-end fund. Additionally, since January 1, 2014, the General Partner acts as the investment manager for Steben Select Multi-Strategy Fund, a publicly offered closed-end fund. Since April 2014, the General Partner has acted as the investment manager for Steben Managed Futures Strategy Fund, an open-end mutual fund. Because Steben & Company, Inc. serves as the general partner or manager of these funds, the officers and directors of Steben & Company, Inc. effectively manage the respective funds.

 

Significant Employees

 

The General Partner is dependent on the services of Mr. Steben and key management personnel. If Mr. Steben’s services became unavailable, another principal of the firm or a new principal (whose experience cannot be known at this time) would need to take charge of the General Partner.

 

Family Relationships

 

None.

 

Business Experience

 

See “Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance” above.

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

None.

 

Promoters and Control Persons

 

Not applicable.

 

Section 16 (A) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

Section 16(a) of the 1934 Act requires that reports of beneficial ownership of limited partner interests and changes in such ownership be filed with the SEC by Section 16 “reporting persons.” The Fund is required to disclose in this annual report on Form 10-K each reporting person whom it knows to have failed to file any required reports under Section 16(a) on a timely basis during the year ended December 31, 2017. During the year ended December 31, 2017, all reporting persons complied with all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to them.

 

Code of Ethics

 

The General Partner has adopted a code of ethics, as of the period covered by this report, which applies to the Fund’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions. A copy of the code of ethics is available without charge upon request by calling 240-631-7600.

 

Item 11.Executive Compensation

 

The Fund does not have any officers, directors or employees. The managing officers of the General Partner are remunerated by the General Partner in their respective positions. The directors and managing officers of the General Partner receive no other compensation from the Fund.

 

The following fees are paid to the General Partner:

 

General Partner Management Fee – the Fund incurs a monthly fee on Class A, A2, A3, B and R Units equal to 1/12th of 1.5% of the month-end net asset value of the Class A, A2, A3, B and R Units, payable in arrears. The Fund incurs a monthly fee on Class I Units equal to 1/12th of 0.75% of the month-end net asset value of the Class I Units, payable in arrears. During 2017, 2016 and 2015, the General Partner earned $6,427,712, $9,105,770 and $10,463,942, respectively, in General Partner management fees.

 

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General Partner Performance Fee – the Fund incurs a monthly fee on Class I Units equal to 7.5% of new profits of the Class I Units. The general partner performance fee is payable quarterly in arrears. During 2017, 2016 and 2015, the General Partner earned $0, $3,607 and $7,808, respectively, in General Partner performance fees.

 

Management fee – SMFSF incurs a monthly fee equal to 1/12th of 1.75% of the month-end net asset value of the trust, payable in arrears to the General Partner. During 2017, 2016, and 2015, the investment manager earned $953,748 $1,428,562 and $1,011,765, respectively, in management fees.

 

Distribution (12b-1) fee – SMFSF incurs a monthly 12b-1 fee of 1/12th of 0.25% of the month-end net asset value of the Class A and N shares, and 1/12th of 1% of the month-end value of the Class C shares. During 2017, 2016, and 2015 the General Partner earned $25,397, $29,837 and $21,977, respectively, in distribution (12b-1) fees.

 

Selling Agent Fees – the Class A Units incur a monthly fee equal to 1/12th of 2% of the month-end net asset value of the Class A Units. Class A2 Units may pay an up-front sales commission of up to 3% of the offering price and a 0.6% per annum selling agent fee. Class A3 Units may pay an up-front sales commission of up to 2% of the offering price and a 0.75% per annum selling agent fee. Such amounts are included in selling agent and broker dealer servicing fees – General Partner in the consolidated statements of operations. The General Partner, in turn, pays the selling agent fee to the respective selling agents. If there is no designated selling agent or the General Partner was the selling agent, such portions of the selling agent fee are retained by the General Partner.

 

Broker Dealer Servicing Fees – the Class B Units incur a monthly fee equal to 1/12th of 0.2% of the month-end net asset value of the Class B Units and such amounts are included in selling agent and broker dealer servicing fees – General Partner in the consolidated statements of operations. The General Partner, in turn, pays the fee to the respective selling agents. If there is no designated selling agent or the General Partner was the selling agent, such portions of the broker dealer servicing fee are retained by the General Partner. During 2017, 2016, and 2015, the General Partner earned $5,963,392, $8,453,865 and $9,604,363, respectively, in selling agent and broker dealer servicing fees.

 

Administrative Fee – each class of Units incur a monthly General Partner administrative fee equal to 1/12th of 0.45% of Fund net assets at the end of each month, payable in arrears. In return, the General Partner provides operating and administrative services, including accounting, audit, legal, marketing, and administration (exclusive of extraordinary costs and administrative expenses charged by other commodity pools with which the Fund may have investments). The General Partner uses a portion of this fee to pay third party service providers. During 2017, 2016, and 2015, the General partner earned $1,208,280, $1,741,461, and $2,084,094, respectively, in administrative fees.

 

Additionally, each year the General Partner receives from the Fund 1% of any net income earned by the Fund or pays to the Fund 1% of any net loss incurred by the Fund. For the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, the General Partner received from or paid the Fund the following amounts:

 

Year  

Received

From the Fund

  

Paid to the

Fund

 
2017   $28,756   $ 
2016        98,751 
2015        272,098 
Total   $28,756   $370,849 

 

Item 12.Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The Fund has no officers or directors as its affairs are managed by the General Partner. Set forth in the table below is information regarding the beneficial ownership of the officers and directors of the Fund’s General Partner at February 28, 2018. There are no securities authorized for issuance under an equity compensation plan.

 

At February 28, 2018, no person or group is known to have been the beneficial owner of more than 5% of the Units.

 

34  

 

 

At February 28, 2018, the General Partner did not own any Units. At February 28, 2018, the directors, executive officers and principals of the General Partner beneficially owned interests in the Fund as follows:

 

Name  Class of
Units Owned
  Number of
Units Owned
   Value of Units   Percentage of
the Fund
 
Kenneth E. Steben  I   254.4114   $251,141.41    0.08%
Carl A. Serger  R   16.1415    97,592.25    0.03%
Total directors and executive officers of the General Partner as a group      270.5529   $348,733.66    0.11%

 

The address of each director and officer is c/o Steben & Company, Inc., 9711 Washingtonian Boulevard, Suite 400, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20878.

 

There has been no change in control of the Fund.

 

Item 13.Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

See “Item 1. Business” for a description of the relationships between the General Partner, the Fund, the Trading Advisor, the futures brokers and the Cash Managers. See “Item 11. Executive Compensation” and “Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.”

 

Item 14.Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

The following table sets forth the fees billed to the Fund for professional audit services provided by RSM US LLP, the Fund’s independent registered public accountant, for the audits of the Fund’s annual consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, and fees billed for other professional services rendered by RSM US LLP during those years.

 

Fee Category  2017   2016 
Audit fees(1)  $213,000   $218,000 
Audit-related fees        
Tax fees(2)   30,000    42,000 
All other fees        
Total fees  $243,000   $260,000 

 

(1) Audit fees consist of fees for professional services rendered for the audit of the Fund’s consolidated financial statements and review of consolidated financial statements included in the Fund’s quarterly reports, as well as services normally provided by the independent accountant in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements.
(2) Tax fees consist of fees for the preparation of original tax returns.

 

The General Partner’s Board of Directors pre-approves all audit and permitted non-audit services of the Fund’s independent accountants, including all engagement fees and terms. The General Partner’s Board of Directors approved all the services provided by RSM US LLP during 2017 and 2016 to the Fund described above. The General Partner’s Board of Directors has determined that the payments made to RSM US LLP for these services during 2017 and 2016 are compatible with maintaining that firm’s independence.

 

PART IV

 

Item 15.Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm 

Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 

Condensed Schedule of Investments as of December 31, 2017 

Consolidated Condensed Schedule of Investments as of December 31, 2016 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015 

 

35  

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Partners’ Capital (Net Asset Value) for the Years Ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Financial statement schedules not included in this Form 10-K have been omitted for the reason that they are not required or are not applicable or that equivalent information has been included in the financial notes or statements thereto.

 

Exhibits.

 

The following exhibits are filed herewith or incorporated by reference.

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description of Exhibit

 

1.1(a) Form of Selling Agreement.
3.1(a) Maryland Certificate of Limited Partnership.
4.1(a) Limited Partnership Agreement.
10.1(a) Form of Subscription Agreement.
16.1(a) Letter regarding change in certifying accountant.
31.01 Certification of Chief Executive Officer of the General Partner in accordance with Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.02 Certification of Chief Financial Officer of the General Partner in accordance with Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.01 Certification of Chief Executive Officer of the General Partner in accordance with Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.02

Certification of Chief Financial Officer of the General Partner in accordance with Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.INS XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

(a)Incorporated by reference to the corresponding exhibit to the Registrant’s registration statement (File no. 000-50728) filed on April 29, 2004 on Form 10 under the 1934 Act, as amended.

 

36  

 

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the General Partner of the Registrant in the capacities and on the date indicated.

 

Name Title

Date

 

 

/s/ Kenneth E. Steben 

Kenneth E. Steben 

President, Chief Executive Officer and Director of the General Partner March 20, 2018

 

/s/ Carl A. Serger 

Carl A. Serger 

Chief Financial Officer and Director of the General Partner March 20, 2018

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated March 20, 2018 Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership
     
  By: Steben & Company, Inc.
    General Partner
     
  By: /s/ Kenneth E. Steben
  Name: Kenneth E. Steben
  Title: President, Chief Executive Officer and Director of the General Partner

  

37  

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Partners of Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated statements of financial condition, including the consolidated condensed schedules of investments, of Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership (the “Fund”) as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the related consolidated statements of operations, cash flows, and changes’ in partners’ capital (net asset value), for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2017, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Fund as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Fund’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Fund’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Fund in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Fund is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Fund’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ RSM US LLP

 

We have served as the Fund’s auditor since 2007. 

 

Chicago, Illinois 

March 20, 2018

 

F-1

 

Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership 

Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition 

December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

   2017   2016 
Assets          
Equity in broker trading accounts          
Cash  $45,780,428   $80,906,352 
Net unrealized gain (loss) on open futures contracts   8,930,417    8,921,229 
Net unrealized gain (loss) on open forward currency contracts   1,902,516    830,153 
Total equity in broker trading accounts   56,613,361    90,657,734 
Cash and cash equivalents   44,360,633    37,230,210 
Investment in SMFSF, at fair value (cost $29,594,058)   34,101,936     
Investments in securities, at fair value (cost $237,596,840 and $424,687,833)   237,378,016    424,440,330 
Certificates of deposit, at fair value (cost $0 and $35,406,974)       35,576,495 
General Partner 1% allocation receivable       98,751 
Exchange membership, at fair value (cost $189,000)   232,000     
Subscriptions receivable       381,917 
Total assets  $372,685,946   $588,385,437 
           
Liabilities and Partners’ Capital (Net Asset Value)          
Liabilities          
Trading Advisor management fees payable  $569,189   $885,524 
Trading Advisor incentive fees payable   1,297,698    1,581,179 
Commissions and other trading fees payable on open contracts   83,313    122,720 
Cash Managers fees payable   75,371    102,622 
General Partner management and performance fees payable   460,536    682,546 
General Partner 1% allocation payable   28,756     
Selling agent and broker dealer servicing fees payable – General Partner   434,439    630,727 
Administrative fee payable – General Partner   88,542    127,136 
Investment Manager fees payable       128,682 
Distribution (12b-1) fees payable       2,961 
Operating services fee payable       17,648 
Redemptions payable   11,825,677    18,217,216 
Subscriptions received in advance   287,000    2,687,191 
Total liabilities   15,150,521    25,186,152 
           
Partners’ Capital (Net Asset Value)          

Class A Interests – 58,081.8421 and 84,825.0303 units

outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively

   240,860,323    347,445,757 

Class B Interests – 16,061.6377 and 29,193.8071 units

outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively

   100,657,081    177,512,074 

Class I Interests – 3,466.2779 and 3,828.4541 units

outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively

   3,547,299    3,763,781 

Class R Interests – 12,013.6394 and 0 units

outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively

   12,470,722     
Non-controlling interest       34,477,673 
Total partners’ capital (net asset value)   357,535,425    563,199,285 
Total liabilities and partners’ capital (net asset value)  $372,685,946   $588,385,437 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-2

 

 

Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership 

Condensed Schedule of Investments 

December 31, 2017

 

         Description  Fair Value  

% of Partners’ Capital (Net

Asset Value)

 
INVESTMENTS IN SECURITIES           
  U.S. Treasury Securities                  
   Face Value   Maturity Date  Name   Yield1           
  $15,000,000   1/11/18  U.S. Treasury   1.03%  $14,994,718    4.19%
   12,000,000   2/15/18  U.S. Treasury   1.24%   11,980,967    3.35%
   5,250,000   2/15/18  U.S. Treasury   1.00%   5,267,888    1.47%
   15,000,000   3/15/18  U.S. Treasury   1.31%   14,960,225    4.18%
   4,000,000   4/30/18  U.S. Treasury   2.63%   4,033,583    1.14%
   7,000,000   7/31/18  U.S. Treasury   2.25%   7,091,810    1.98%
  Total U.S. Treasury securities (cost:  $58,285,077)         58,329,191    16.31%
                          
  U.S. Commercial Paper               
   Face Value   Maturity Date  Name   Yield1           
  Automotive                       
  $1,500,000   1/24/18  Hyundai Capital America   1.54%   1,498,535    0.42%
   1,500,000   1/3/18  Nissan Motor Acceptance Corporation   1.32%   1,499,890    0.42%
  Banks                       
   1,500,000   1/10/18  Nieuw Amsterdam Receivables Corporation   1.37%   1,499,486    0.42%
   1,600,000   2/5/18  Standard Chartered Bank   1.43%   1,597,791    0.44%
   1,500,000   2/20/18  United Overseas Bank Limited   1.53%   1,496,833    0.41%
  Beverages                       
   1,500,000   1/29/18  Brown-Forman Corporation   1.68%   1,498,052    0.42%
  Computers                      
   1,500,000   1/8/18  Hewlett Packard Enterprise Company   1.62%   1,499,530    0.42%
  Diversified financial services                
   1,600,000   1/18/18  DCAT, LLC   1.46%   1,598,904    0.45%
   1,500,000   1/12/18  Gotham Funding Corporation   1.36%   1,499,377    0.42%
   1,500,000   1/9/18  Liberty Street Funding LLC   1.35%   1,499,550    0.42%
   1,600,000   1/4/18  Manhattan Asset Funding Company LLC   1.34%   1,599,821    0.45%
   1,500,000   1/5/18  Regency Markets No. 1, LLC   1.43%   1,499,763    0.42%
  Electronic equipment                   
   1,500,000   1/16/18  Molex Electronic Technologies, LLC   1.78%   1,498,894    0.42%
  Energy                       
   1,500,000   1/25/18  Oglethorpe Power Corporation   1.63%   1,498,380    0.42%
   1,600,000   1/19/18  Sempra Energy Global Enterprises   1.86%   1,598,520    0.44%
   1,500,000   1/10/18  Southern Company Funding Corporation   1.71%   1,499,363    0.42%
  Insurance                       
   1,500,000   1/18/18  AXA Financial, Inc.   1.42%   1,499,001    0.42%
  Nonprofit                       
   1,600,000   1/5/18  The Salvation Army   1.32%   1,599,765    0.45%
  Manufactoring                       
   1,500,000   1/22/18  Caterpillar Financial Services Corporation   1.38%   1,498,801    0.42%
  Semiconductors                       
   1,500,000   1/9/18  Lam Research Corporation   1.64%   1,499,457    0.42%
  Total U.S. commercial paper (cost:  $30,434,788)       30,479,713    8.52%
                         
  Foreign Commercial Paper               
   Face Value   Maturity Date  Name   Yield1           
  Banks                       
  $1,500,000   2/2/18  Bank of Nova Scotia   169.84%   1,497,746    0.42%
   1,600,000   1/5/18  DBS Bank Ltd.   135.47%   1,599,760    0.45%
   1,500,000   1/4/18  KfW (Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau)   130.43%   1,499,838    0.42%

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

F-3

 

Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership 

Condensed Schedule of Investments (continued) 

December 31, 2017

 

         Description  Fair Value  

% of Partners’ Capital (Net

Asset Value)

 
  Foreign Commercial Paper (continued)              
   Face Value   Maturity Date  Name   Yield1           
  Energy                       
  $1,500,000   1/8/18  Total Capital Canada Ltd.   165.71%  $1,499,519    0.42%
  Telecommunications                       
   1,600,000   2/5/18  Telstra Corporation Limited   146.64%   1,597,729    0.45%
  Total foreign commercial paper (cost:  $7,683,747)       7,694,592    2.16%
  Total commercial paper (cost:  $38,118,535)         38,174,305    10.68%
                          
  U.S. Corporate Notes                 
   Face Value   Maturity Date  Name   Yield1           
  Automotive                       
  $5,700,000   3/2/18  Daimler Finance North America LLC   1.91%   5,709,253    1.60%
   6,500,000   1/9/18  Ford Motor Credit Company LLC   2.29%   6,534,842    1.83%
  Banks                       
   6,950,000   4/27/18  Credit Suisse AG   2.05%   6,986,324    1.94%
   3,000,000   10/29/20  JPMorgan Chase & Co.   2.58%   3,080,581    0.86%
   6,625,000   2/9/18  MUFG Americas Holdings Corporation   1.97%   6,645,233    1.86%
  Computers                       
   2,000,000   2/22/19  Apple Inc.   1.70%   2,007,229    0.56%
   3,000,000   2/22/19  Apple Inc.   2.27%   3,033,911    0.85%
  Diversified financial services                
   2,600,000   2/15/19  Goldman Sachs Group, Inc.   7.50%   2,821,243    0.79%
   2,250,000   4/25/19  Goldman Sachs Group, Inc.   2.41%   2,278,614    0.64%
   3,000,000   10/15/18  Intercontinental Exchange, Inc.   2.50%   3,027,533    0.85%
   3,000,000   2/1/19  Morgan Stanley   2.45%   3,038,005    0.85%
  Healthcare                       
   7,500,000   6/7/18  Aetna Inc.   1.70%   7,496,650    2.10%
   500,000   1/15/18  Anthem, Inc.   1.88%   504,288    0.14%
   6,325,000   4/1/18  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc.   2.00%   6,358,902    1.78%
  Media                       
   3,000,000   9/20/19  Discovery Communications, LLC   2.34%   3,018,925    0.84%
  Pharmaceuticals                       
   5,775,000   5/14/18  AbbVie Inc.   1.80%   5,785,684    1.62%
   4,200,000   5/11/20  Amgen Inc.   1.86%   4,226,820    1.18%
  Retail                       
   6,000,000   7/20/18  CVS Health Corporation   1.90%   6,049,123    1.69%
   3,000,000   9/10/18  Home Depot, Inc.   2.25%   3,029,363    0.85%
  Software                       
   3,500,000   10/8/19  Oracle Corporation   2.25%   3,533,591    0.99%
  Telecommunications                   
   6,000,000   2/15/19  AT&T Inc.   5.80%   6,357,427    1.78%
   2,500,000   9/20/19  Cisco Systems, Inc.   1.97%   2,516,388    0.70%
  Total U.S. corporate notes (cost:  $94,458,841)       94,039,929    26.30%

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4

 

Futures Portfolio Fund, Limited Partnership 

Condensed Schedule of Investments (continued) 

December 31, 2017

 

         Description  Fair Value  

% of Partners’ Capital (Net

Asset Value)

 
  Foreign Corporate Notes                  
   Face Value   Maturity Date  Name   Yield1           
  Banks                       
  $6,000,000   1/18/19  ABN AMRO Bank N.V.   1.99%  $6,049,704    1.69%
   4,000,000   8/17/18  ING Bank N.V.   2.20%   4,026,210    1.13%
   3,500,000   7/23/18  National Australia Bank Limited   2.00%   3,523,463    0.99%
  Energy                       
   5,500,000   5/3/19  BP Capital Markets P.L.C.   1.68%   5,485,426    1.53%
   5,500,000   9/12/19  Shell International Finance B.V.   1.38%   5,454,808    1.53%
   2,500,000   5/11/20  Shell International Finance B.V.   2.13%   2,502,003    0.70%
  Pharmaceuticals                       
   5,915,000   3/12/18  Allergan Funding SCS   2.63%   5,932,274    1.66%
   2,250,000   3/12/20  Allergan Funding SCS   2.80%   2,286,062    0.63%
  Total foreign corporate notes (cost:  $35,149,970)      35,259,950    9.86%
  Total corporate notes (cost:  $129,608,811)      129,299,879    36.16%
                          
  U.S. Asset Backed Securities               
   Face Value   Maturity Date  Name   Yield1           
  Automotive                       
  $98,838   5/18/20  Americredit Automobile Receivables Trust 2017-1   1.51%   98,733    0.03%
   146,957   7/15/24  Ari Fleet Lease Trust 2016-A   1.82%   147,004    0.04%
   336,449   9/20/19  Capital Auto Receivables Asset Trust 2015-2   1.73%   336,620    0.09%
   37,929   4/22/19  Capital Auto Receivables Asset Trust 2016-3   1.92%   37,965    0.01%
   356,197   11/15/19  CarMax Auto Owner Trust 2016-4   1.21%   355,640    0.10%
   450,000   9/15/20  CarMax Auto Owner Trust 2017-3   1.64%   449,383    0.13%
   99,576   11/15/19  Drive Auto Receivables Trust 2016-C   1.67%   99,636    0.03%
   228,248   8/15/19  Drive Auto Receivables Trust 2017-2   1.76%   228,446    0.06%
   650,000   4/15/20  Drive Auto Receivables Trust 2017-3   1.85%   649,605    0.18%
   330,485   1/15/20  Drive Auto Receivables Trust 2017-A   1.77%   330,643    0.09%
   164,867   2/22/21  Enterprise Fleet Financing, LLC   1.59%   164,807    0.05%
   300,000   1/21/20  GM Financial Automobile Leasing Trust 2017-2   1.72%   299,567    0.08%
   697,342   2/18/20  Hyundai Auto Receivables Trust 2017-A   1.48%   696,699    0.19%
   938,786   8/15/19  Mercedes-Benz Auto Lease Trust 2017-A   1.68%   939,698    0.26%
   700,000   9/16/19  Nissan Auto Lease Trust 2017-A   1.64%   698,739    0.20%
   650,000   2/16/21  Santander Drive Auto Receivables Trust 2016-2   2.08%   650,731    0.18%
   66,077   11/15/19  Santander Drive Auto Receivables Trust 2016-3   1.34%   66,091    0.02%
   333,862   5/15/19  Santander Drive Auto Receivables Trust 2017-1   1.82%   334,219    0.09%
   300,000   6/15/20  Santander Drive Auto Receivables Trust 2017-3   1.67%   299,683    0.08%