Attached files

file filename
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITYa20171231ex322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITYa20171231ex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITYa20171231ex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITYa20171231ex311.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549 
_________________________________
FORM 10-Q
 _____________________________________
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2017
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                     to                    
Commission file number 033-80655
 __________________________________________
MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 __________________________________________ 
Not Applicable
 
06-1436334
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
One Mohegan Sun Boulevard, Uncasville, CT
 
06382
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(860) 862-8000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 ___________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ¨    No  x*
*
The registrant is a voluntary filer of reports required to be filed by certain companies under Sections 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and has filed all reports that would have been required during the preceding 12 months had it been subject to such filing requirements.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  o
Accelerated filer  o
Non-accelerated filer  x
Smaller reporting company  o
Emerging growth company  o
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨    No  x



MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
 
 
Page
Number
PART I.
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
Signatures.



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
December 31, 2017
 
September 30, 2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
113,020

 
$
88,953

Restricted cash and cash equivalents
332

 
899

Receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $9,843 and $11,554, respectively
42,362

 
41,932

Inventories
15,459

 
14,952

Due from Mohegan Tribe
384

 
213

Other current assets
22,993

 
20,408

Total current assets
194,550

 
167,357

Non-current assets:
 
 
 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents
147,014

 
149,204

Property and equipment, net
1,384,838

 
1,353,976

Goodwill
39,459

 
39,459

Other intangible assets, net
403,805

 
403,908

Due from Mohegan Tribe
3,223

 
2,969

Other assets, net
123,908

 
118,808

Total assets
$
2,296,797

 
$
2,235,681

LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
75,577

 
$
75,131

Trade payables
11,901

 
13,979

Construction payables
27,866

 
24,496

Accrued interest payable
9,426

 
19,027

Due to Mohegan Tribe
2,805

 
2,948

Other current liabilities
155,335

 
139,478

Total current liabilities
282,910

 
275,059

Non-current liabilities:
 
 
 
Long-term debt, net of current portion
1,596,771

 
1,576,078

Redemption note payable
74,491

 

Redemption liability

 
72,351

Other long-term liabilities
2,409

 
3,024

Total liabilities
1,956,581

 
1,926,512

Commitments and Contingencies


 


Capital:
 
 
 
Retained earnings
213,464

 
196,645

Accumulated other comprehensive income
7,554

 
1,125

Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority total capital
221,018

 
197,770

Non-controlling interests
119,198

 
111,399

Total capital
340,216

 
309,169

Total liabilities and capital
$
2,296,797

 
$
2,235,681

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


3


MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS) AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
For the
 
For the
 
Three Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Revenues:
 
 
 
Gaming
$
287,006

 
$
285,075

Food and beverage
21,820

 
23,056

Hotel
14,907

 
14,703

Retail, entertainment and other
32,888

 
34,465

Gross revenues
356,621

 
357,299

Less-Promotional allowances
(25,137
)
 
(26,307
)
Net revenues
331,484

 
330,992

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Gaming*
164,315

 
169,382

Food and beverage
10,189

 
10,329

Hotel*
7,005

 
6,203

Retail, entertainment and other
11,617

 
15,387

Advertising, general and administrative*
50,377

 
50,396

Corporate*
12,153

 
11,188

Depreciation and amortization
20,207

 
18,212

(Gain) loss on disposition of assets
(79
)
 
20

Pre-opening
700

 
455

Total operating costs and expenses
276,484

 
281,572

Income from operations
55,000

 
49,420

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
Accretion of discount to the redemption liability
(1,733
)
 

Interest income
3,869

 
2,900

Interest expense, net of capitalized interest
(28,336
)
 
(30,035
)
Loss on modification and early extinguishment of debt

 
(73,796
)
Income (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates
175

 
(731
)
Other income (expense), net
(285
)
 
1

Total other expense
(26,310
)
 
(101,661
)
Net income (loss)
28,690

 
(52,241
)
Loss attributable to non-controlling interests
519

 
619

Net income (loss) attributable to Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority
$
29,209

 
$
(51,622
)
Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
14,747

 
(18,310
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
14,747

 
(18,310
)
Other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(8,318
)
 
9,413

Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority
6,429

 
(8,897
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority
$
35,638

 
$
(60,519
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
* These financial statement line items include costs and expenses associated with related party transactions (refer to Note 4).


4


MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN CAPITAL
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
Retained Earnings
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority Total Capital
 
Non-controlling      
Interests
 
Total Capital
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
196,645

 
$
1,125

 
$
197,770

 
$
111,399

 
$
309,169

Net income
29,209

 

 
29,209

 
(519
)
 
28,690

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 
6,429

 
6,429

 
8,318

 
14,747

Distributions to Mohegan Tribe
(12,000
)
 

 
(12,000
)
 

 
(12,000
)
Distributions from Salishan-Mohegan, LLC to Mohegan Tribe
(390
)
 

 
(390
)
 

 
(390
)
Balance, December 31, 2017
$
213,464

 
$
7,554

 
$
221,018

 
$
119,198

 
$
340,216

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, September 30, 2016
$
249,102

 
$
5,106

 
$
254,208

 
$
108,444

 
$
362,652

Net loss
(51,622
)
 

 
(51,622
)
 
(619
)
 
(52,241
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment

 
(8,897
)
 
(8,897
)
 
(9,413
)
 
(18,310
)
Distributions to Mohegan Tribe
(12,000
)
 

 
(12,000
)
 

 
(12,000
)
Balance, December 31, 2016
$
185,480

 
$
(3,791
)
 
$
181,689

 
$
98,412

 
$
280,101


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
December 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
28,690

 
$
(52,241
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash flows provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
20,207

 
18,212

Accretion of discount to the redemption liability
1,733

 

Loss on modification and early extinguishment of debt, net

 
65,218

Amortization of debt issuance costs, premiums and discounts
2,270

 
1,843

Provision for losses on receivables
832

 
653

(Gain) loss on disposition of assets
(79
)
 
20

(Income) loss from unconsolidated affiliates
(175
)
 
731

Loss on foreign currency exchange rate

 
3

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Increase in receivables
(898
)
 
(942
)
Increase in inventories
(507
)
 
(132
)
Increase in other assets
(5,943
)
 
(4,062
)
Decrease in trade payables
(2,078
)
 
(2,196
)
Increase (decrease) in accrued interest
(9,601
)
 
3,368

Decrease in other liabilities
(2,922
)
 
(3,302
)
Net cash flows provided by operating activities
31,529

 
27,173

Cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment, including increase (decrease) in construction payables of $3,370 and $(5,055), respectively
(44,387
)
 
(15,702
)
Issuance of third-party loans and advances
(309
)
 
(446
)
Payments received on third-party loans and advances
46

 
43

Decrease in restricted cash and cash equivalents, net
12,446

 
2,681

Proceeds from asset sales
123

 
29

Investments in unconsolidated affiliates
(1,225
)
 
(325
)
Net cash flows used in investing activities
(33,306
)
 
(13,720
)
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities:
 
 
 
Prior Senior Secured Credit Facility borrowings - Revolving

 
35,000

Prior Senior Secured Credit Facility repayments - Revolving

 
(48,000
)
Prior Senior Secured Credit Facility repayments - Term Loan A

 
(99,986
)
Prior Senior Secured Credit Facility repayments - Term Loan B

 
(778,175
)
Senior Secured Credit Facility borrowings - Revolving
62,000

 
210,000

Senior Secured Credit Facility repayments - Revolving
(27,000
)
 
(111,000
)
Senior Secured Credit Facility borrowings - Term Loan A, net of discount

 
441,965

Senior Secured Credit Facility borrowings - Term Loan B, net of discount

 
777,150

Prior Line of Credit borrowings

 
9,735

Prior Line of Credit repayments

 
(9,735
)
Line of Credit borrowings
164,879

 
138,613

Line of Credit repayments
(164,879
)
 
(138,613
)
Proceeds from issuance of Senior Unsecured Notes, net of discount

 
496,355

Mohegan Expo Credit Facility borrowings - Term Loan

3,200

 

Downs Lodging Credit Facility repayments - Term Loan

 
(21,656
)
Repayments to Mohegan Tribe

 
(12,920
)
Repayments of other long-term debt
(69
)
 
(785,259
)
Payments on capital lease obligations

 
(1,521
)
Distributions to Mohegan Tribe
(12,000
)
 
(12,000
)
Distributions from Salishan-Mohegan, LLC to Mohegan Tribe

(390
)
 

Payments of tender offer and repurchase costs

 
(50,308
)
Payments of financing fees
(19
)
 
(22,092
)
Net cash flows provided by financing activities
25,722

 
17,553

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
23,945

 
31,006

Effect of exchange rate on cash and cash equivalents
122

 
(3
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
88,953

 
83,743

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
113,020

 
$
114,746

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures:
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for interest
$
36,026

 
$
24,826

Non-cash Senior Secured Credit Facility repayments - Term Loan A and Term Loan B
$
18,650

 
$
18,651

Conversion of Redemption Liability to Redemption Note Payable
$
74,084

 
$

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

NOTE 1—ORGANIZATION:
The Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut (the “Mohegan Tribe” or the “Tribe”) established the Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority in July 1995 with the exclusive authority to conduct and regulate gaming activities for the Tribe on Tribal lands and the non-exclusive authority to conduct such activities elsewhere. In June 2017, the Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority announced a corporate effort to align its brand image with its expanding business, and accordingly rebranded, and is now doing business as Mohegan Gaming & Entertainment (the “Company”).
The Tribe is a federally-recognized Indian tribe with an approximately 595-acre reservation situated in southeastern Connecticut, adjacent to Uncasville, Connecticut. Under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988, federally-recognized Indian tribes are permitted to conduct full-scale casino gaming operations on tribal lands, subject to, among other things, the negotiation of a compact with the affected state. The Tribe and the State of Connecticut entered into such a compact (the “Mohegan Compact”), which was approved by the United States Secretary of the Interior. The Company is primarily engaged in the ownership, operation and development of gaming facilities. In October 1996, the Company opened Mohegan Sun, a gaming and entertainment complex situated on an approximately 196-acre site on the Tribe's reservation. The Company is governed by a nine-member Management Board, whose members also comprise the Mohegan Tribal Council, the governing body of the Tribe. Any change in the composition of the Mohegan Tribal Council results in a corresponding change in the Company's Management Board.
As of December 31, 2017, the following subsidiaries were wholly-owned by the Company: Mohegan Basketball Club, LLC (“MBC”), Mohegan Golf, LLC (“Mohegan Golf”), Mohegan Lacrosse, LLC (“Mohegan Lacrosse”), Mohegan Expo Center, LLC (“Mohegan Expo”), Mohegan Commercial Ventures-PA, LLC (“MCV-PA”), Mohegan Ventures-Northwest, LLC (“Mohegan Ventures-NW”) and Mohegan Gaming Advisors, LLC (“Mohegan Gaming Advisors”).
MBC owns and operates the Connecticut Sun, a professional basketball team in the Women's National Basketball Association (the “WNBA”). MBC currently owns a 4.2% membership interest in WNBA, LLC.
Mohegan Golf owns and operates the Mohegan Sun Golf Club in southeastern Connecticut.
Mohegan Lacrosse holds a 50% membership interest in New England Black Wolves, LLC (“NEBW”). NEBW owns and operates the New England Black Wolves, a professional indoor lacrosse team in the National Lacrosse League.
    
Mohegan Expo was formed to finance, build and operate an exposition and convention center to be located adjacent to Mohegan Sun.
MCV-PA holds a 0.01% general partnership interest in each of Downs Racing, L.P. (“Downs Racing”), Backside, L.P., Mill Creek Land, L.P. and Northeast Concessions, L.P. (collectively, along with MCV-PA, the “Pocono Subsidiaries”), while the Company holds the remaining 99.99% limited partnership interest in each entity. Downs Racing owns and operates Mohegan Sun Pocono, a gaming and entertainment facility situated on an approximately 400-acre site in Plains Township, Pennsylvania, and several off-track wagering facilities located elsewhere in Pennsylvania (collectively, the “Pennsylvania Facilities”).
The Company views the operations of Mohegan Sun, MBC, Mohegan Golf and Mohegan Lacrosse (collectively, the “Connecticut Facilities”) and the Pennsylvania Facilities as two separate operating segments.
Mohegan Ventures-NW and a subsidiary of the Tribe hold 81.92% and 18.08% membership interests in Salishan-Mohegan, LLC (“Salishan-Mohegan”), respectively. Salishan-Mohegan was formed to participate in the development and management of ilani Casino Resort, a gaming and entertainment facility owned by the federally-recognized Cowlitz Indian Tribe (the “Cowlitz Tribe”) and the Cowlitz Tribal Gaming Authority (the “CTGA”), which opened in April 2017 on the Cowlitz reservation in Clark County, Washington (the “Cowlitz Project”).
Mohegan Ventures-NW and a subsidiary of the Tribe also hold 49.15% and 10.85% membership interests in Salishan-Mohegan Development Company, LLC (“SMDC”), respectively. SMDC was formed as a joint venture development entity to which Salishan-Mohegan assigned the right of first refusal for certain subsequent material expansion or future development, as provided in the development agreement for the Cowlitz Project.
    

7

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

Mohegan Gaming Advisors was formed to pursue gaming opportunities outside the state of Connecticut, including management contracts and consulting agreements for casino and entertainment properties. The subsidiary and investment interests held by Mohegan Gaming Advisors include the following:
a 100% membership interest in MGA Holding NJ, LLC (“MGA Holding NJ”) and MGA Gaming NJ, LLC (collectively, the “Mohegan NJ Entities”). The Mohegan NJ Entities were formed to pursue management contracts and consulting agreements in the state of New Jersey. MGA Holding NJ holds a 10% ownership interest in Resorts Casino Hotel in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and its associated gaming activities, including on-line gaming in the state of New Jersey.
a 100% membership interest in MGA Holding MA, LLC (“MGA Holding MA”) and MGA Gaming MA, LLC (“MGA Gaming MA”). MGA Holding MA holds a 100% membership interest in MGA Palmer Partners, LLC (“MGA Palmer Partners”). MGA Palmer Partners holds a 100% membership interest in Mohegan Sun Massachusetts, LLC (“Mohegan Sun Massachusetts” and, together with MGA Holding MA, MGA Gaming MA and MGA Palmer Partners, collectively referred to herein as the “Mohegan MA Entities”). The Mohegan MA Entities were formed to pursue gaming opportunities in the commonwealth of Massachusetts.
a 50.19% membership interest in Inspire Integrated Resort Co., Ltd. (“Inspire Integrated Resort”). Inspire Integrated Resort was formed to pursue gaming opportunities in South Korea ("Project Inspire").
a 100% membership interest in MGA Korea, LLC (“MGA Korea”). MGA Korea was formed to support certain activities related to Project Inspire.
a 100% membership interest in MGNV, LLC (“MGNV”). MGNV was formed to pursue gaming, hospitality and entertainment opportunities in the state of Nevada.
a 100% membership interest in MGLA, LLC (“MGLA”). MGLA was formed to pursue gaming, hospitality and entertainment opportunities in the state of Louisiana.
a 100% membership interest in MGBR, LLC (“MGBR”). MGBR was formed to pursue gaming, hospitality and entertainment opportunities in South America. MGBR holds a 7.4% membership interest in an unaffiliated third-party limited liability company.
a 100% membership interest in MGDR, LLC (“MGDR”). MGDR was formed to pursue gaming, hospitality and entertainment opportunities in the Caribbean.
The Company holds a 50% membership interest in MMCT Venture, LLC (“MMCT”). MMCT was formed with the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe (the “MPT”) to pursue additional gaming opportunities in the state of Connecticut.

NOTE 2—BASIS OF PRESENTATION:
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. In accordance with Rule 10-01, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete consolidated financial statements. The accompanying year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In management's opinion, all adjustments, including normal recurring accruals and adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the Company's operating results for the interim period, have been included.
The gaming market in the Northeastern United States is seasonal in nature, with peak gaming activities often occurring at Mohegan Sun and Mohegan Sun Pocono during the months of May through August. Accordingly, the Company's operating results for the three months ended December 31, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of operating results for other interim periods or an entire fiscal year.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its majority and wholly-owned subsidiaries and entities. In accordance with authoritative guidance issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) pertaining to consolidation of variable interest entities (“VIE”), the accounts of Salishan-Mohegan are

8

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

consolidated into the accounts of Mohegan Ventures-NW (refer to Note 6), the accounts of Inspire Integrated Resort are consolidated into the accounts of Mohegan Gaming Advisors (refer to Note 7) and the accounts of NEBW are consolidated into the accounts of Mohegan Lacrosse as Mohegan Ventures-NW, Mohegan Gaming Advisors and Mohegan Lacrosse are deemed to be the primary beneficiaries. A primary beneficiary is defined as the party that has both the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the VIE's economic performance and the obligation to absorb losses of or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. To determine whether the Company's interest in a VIE could potentially be significant to the VIE, the Company considers both qualitative and quantitative factors regarding the nature, size and form of its involvement in the VIE. The Company assesses whether it is the primary beneficiary of a VIE or the holder of a significant variable interest in a VIE on an on-going basis. In consolidation, all inter-company balances and transactions were eliminated.
Long-Term Receivables
Long-term receivables, which are included in other assets, net, in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets, consist primarily of receivables from affiliates and others.
Long-term receivables from affiliates consist of reimbursable costs and expenses advanced by Salishan-Mohegan on behalf of the Cowlitz Tribe for the Cowlitz Project (refer to Note 6). The Company maintains a reserve for doubtful collection of the remaining Salishan-Mohegan receivables, which is based on the Company's estimate of the probability that the receivables will be collected. The Company assesses the adequacy of this reserve on a quarterly basis. Future developments relating to the Cowlitz Project, including cash flows generated by the casino resort, CTGA's debt covenant restrictions and other matters affecting the project could affect the collectability of these receivables and the related reserve.
Long-term receivables from others consist of funds loaned to a third-party in connection with the Cowlitz Project and a loan to a tenant of Mohegan Sun. The Company considered maintaining a reserve for doubtful collection of these receivables based on the Company's estimate of the probability that the receivables will be collected considering historical experience, creditworthiness of the related third-party and tenant and all other available information; however, no such reserve was deemed necessary as of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017.
A receivable is charged off against the reserve when the Company believes it is probable the receivable will not be recovered. The Company believes that there is no concentration of credit risk for which a reserve has not been established.
The following table presents a reconciliation of long-term receivables and the related reserve for doubtful collection of these long-term receivables (in thousands):
 
Long-Term Receivables
 
Affiliates
 
Others
 
Total
Balance, September 30, 2017 (1)
$
92,304

 
$
5,286

 
$
97,590

Additions:
 
 
 
 
 
   Advances and other loans, including interest receivable
2,866

 
506

 
3,372

Deductions:
 
 
 
 
 
   Reclassification to current portion

 
(49
)
 
(49
)
Balance, December 31, 2017 (1)
$
95,170

 
$
5,743

 
$
100,913

__________
(1)
Includes interest receivable of $64.5 million and $61.5 million as of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, respectively.
 
Reserves for Doubtful Collection of Long-Term Receivables
 
Affiliates        
 
Others        
 
Total             
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
9,230

 
$

 
$
9,230

Additions:
 
 
 
 
 
   Charges to bad debt expense
287

 

 
287

Balance, December 31, 2017
$
9,517

 
$

 
$
9,517

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value amounts presented below are reported to satisfy disclosure requirements pursuant to authoritative guidance issued by the FASB pertaining to disclosures about fair values of financial instruments and are not necessarily indicative of amounts that the Company could realize in a current market transaction.

9

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

The Company applies the following fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs utilized to measure fair value into three levels:
Level 1 - Quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2 - Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets or valuations based on models where the significant inputs are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data; and
Level 3 - Valuations based on models where the significant inputs are unobservable. The unobservable inputs reflect the Company's estimates or assumptions that market participants would utilize in pricing such assets or liabilities.
The Company's assessment of the significance of a particular input requires judgment and may affect the valuation of financial assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy.
The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents, receivables, trade payables and promissory notes and certain credit facilities approximates fair value. The estimated fair value of the Company's financing facilities and notes were as follows (in thousands):
 
December 31, 2017
 
Carrying Value         
 
Fair Value         
Senior Secured Credit Facility - Revolving
$
35,000

 
$
34,956

Senior Secured Credit Facility - Term Loan A
$
371,425

 
$
380,141

Senior Secured Credit Facility - Term Loan B
$
759,737

 
$
782,979

2016 7 7/8% Senior Unsecured Notes
$
487,944

 
$
513,750

Mohegan Expo Credit Facility - Term Loan
$
16,298

 
$
17,900

The estimated fair values of the Company's financing facilities and notes were based on Level 2 inputs (quoted market prices or prices of similar instruments) on or about December 31, 2017.
Additional Cash Flow Information
On December 31, 2017 and 2016, the bank that administers the Company’s debt service payments for its senior secured credit facilities made required principal payments on behalf of the Company totaling $18.7 million but did not accordingly debit the Company’s bank account for these payments. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company reflected these transactions as reductions to current portion of long-term debt and corresponding increases to other current liabilities. On the respective following banking days, the bank withdrew the payments from the Company’s bank account, resulting in reductions to the Company’s cash and cash equivalents and other current liabilities. Accordingly, the Company classified the payments made by the bank as non-cash financing outflows and the related amounts owed to the bank as non-cash financing inflows in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.

In addition, please refer to Note 6 for a description of certain non-cash transactions relating to the Cowlitz Project.
New Accounting Standards
The following accounting standard was adopted during the three months ended December 31, 2017:
In October 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standards update which modifies existing guidance with respect to the method utilized by a decision maker, which holds an indirect interest in a VIE through a common control party, to determine whether it is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. This guidance is required for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim reporting periods thereafter. The Company adopted this guidance in its first quarter of fiscal 2018 and its adoption did not impact the Company's financial statements.

The following accounting standards will be adopted in future reporting periods:
In May 2014, the FASB issued an accounting standards update on revenue recognition pertaining to all contracts with customers. The update requires an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects what it expects in exchange for the goods or services. It also requires more detailed disclosures to enable users of financial statements to understand the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenues and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. This guidance is required to be applied on a retrospective basis, using one of two methodologies, and was to be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early application not being permitted. However, in July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date by one year. This guidance is now effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods. Entities are permitted to adopt the guidance as of the original

10

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

effective date. The FASB has since issued several accounting standards updates to further clarify this guidance including: (1) principal versus agent considerations, (2) identifying performance obligations and licensing, (3) narrow-scope improvements and practical expedients and (4) technical corrections and improvements. The Company is currently assessing the impact the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Under the new guidance, the Company believes that it will no longer be permitted to recognize revenues for complimentary goods and services that are provided to patrons to incentivize gaming activities as gross revenues with a corresponding offset to promotional allowances to arrive at net revenues. Instead, the Company expects that a majority of such revenues, that are complimentary in nature, will be recorded as an offset to gaming revenues. Under the new guidance, the accounting for Momentum Dollars awarded under the Company’s loyalty rewards program will also change. Momentum Dollars earned by patrons through past revenue transactions will be identified as separate performance obligations and recorded as reductions to gaming revenues when earned at the retail value of such benefits owed to the patrons (less estimated breakage). Upon redemption of these benefits by patrons and the fulfillment of the related performance obligations by the Company, revenues will be recorded within the revenue segment that provided the goods or services (food and beverage, hotel or retail, entertainment and other). In addition, this guidance provides substantial revision to annual and interim financial statement disclosures. This guidance allows for either full retrospective adoption, meaning that the guidance should be applied to all periods presented, or modified retrospective adoption, meaning that the guidance should be applied only to the most current period presented with the cumulative effect of its adoption recognized at the date of initial application. The Company expects to adopt this guidance in its first quarter of fiscal 2019 on a full retrospective basis.
In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance pertaining to leases based on the principle that entities should recognize assets and liabilities arising from leases. This guidance does not significantly change lessees’ recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows from previous accounting standards. Leases are classified as operating or financing. The primary change in the guidance is the requirement for entities to recognize right-of-use assets representing the right to use leased assets and lease liabilities for payments during the term of operating lease arrangements. Lessees are permitted to make an accounting policy election to not recognize assets and liabilities for leases with terms of twelve months or less. Lessors' treatment of leases under this guidance is largely unchanged from previous accounting standards. In addition, the guidance expands disclosure requirements for lease arrangements. This guidance is required to be applied on a modified retrospective basis, which includes a number of practical expedients, and is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim reporting periods, with early application permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on its financial statements.
In November 2016, the FASB issued an accounting standards update which clarifies the classification and presentation of restricted cash in the statement of cash flows. The update requires that a statement of cash flows explain the total change during the period in cash, cash equivalents and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. This guidance is required to be applied on a retrospective basis and is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods, with early application permitted. The Company expects to adopt this guidance in its first quarter of fiscal 2019 and is currently evaluating the impact that it will have on its statement of cash flows.
In January 2017, the FASB issued an accounting standards update which eliminates the second step in the goodwill impairment test that requires an entity to determine the implied fair value of the reporting unit's goodwill. Instead, an entity would recognize an impairment loss if the carrying value of the net assets assigned to the reporting unit exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, with the impairment loss not to exceed the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. This guidance is required to be applied to goodwill impairment tests conducted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim reporting periods, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on its financial statements.















11

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

NOTE 3—LONG-TERM DEBT:
Long-term debt consisted of the following (in thousands, including current maturities):
 
December 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2017
Senior Secured Credit Facility - Revolving, due October 2021
$
35,000

 
$

Senior Secured Credit Facility - Term Loan A, due October 2021, net of discount and debt issuance costs of $6,825 and $7,415, respectively
371,425

 
387,523

Senior Secured Credit Facility - Term Loan B, due October 2023, net of discount and debt issuance costs of $17,413 and $18,073, respectively
759,737

 
761,039

2016 7 7/8% Senior Unsecured Notes, due October 2024, net of discount and debt issuance costs of $12,056 and $12,383, respectively
487,944

 
487,617

Mohegan Expo Credit Facility, due April 2022, net of debt issuance costs of $1,602 and $1,683, respectively

16,298

 
13,017

Other
1,944

 
2,013

Long-term debt
1,672,348

 
1,651,209

Less: current portion of long-term debt
(75,577
)
 
(75,131
)
Long-term debt, net of current portion
$
1,596,771

 
$
1,576,078

Senior Secured Credit Facilities
In October 2016, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement among the Company, the Tribe, Citizens Bank, N.A., as Administrative and Collateral Agent, and the other lenders and financial institutions party thereto, providing for $1.4 billion in aggregate principal amount of senior secured credit facilities (the “Senior Secured Credit Facilities”), comprised of a $170.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Facility”), a $445.0 million senior secured term loan A facility (the “Term Loan A Facility”) and a $785.0 million senior secured term loan B facility (the “Term Loan B Facility). The Senior Secured Credit Facilities mature on October 13, 2021 (in the case of the Revolving Facility and the Term Loan A Facility) and October 13, 2023 (in the case of the Term Loan B Facility).
In April 2017, the Company entered into a first amendment to the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. The amendment reduced the interest rate margins applicable to the Revolving Facility, Term Loan A Facility and Term Loan B Facility by 0.50%.
The Term Loan A Facility amortizes in equal quarterly installments in an aggregate annual amount equal to 15.0% of the initial aggregate principal amount of the Term Loan A Facility for the first two years after the closing date, 10.0% of the initial aggregate principal amount of the Term Loan A Facility for the third year after the closing date and 7.5% of the initial aggregate principal amount of the Term Loan A Facility in each year thereafter, with the balance payable on the maturity date of the Term Loan A Facility. The Term Loan B Facility amortizes in equal quarterly installments in an aggregate annual amount equal to 1.0% of the initial aggregate principal amount of the Term Loan B Facility. Amortization of the Term Loan A Facility and Term Loan B Facility began with the first full fiscal quarter after the closing date.
The proceeds from the Term Loan A Facility and Term Loan B Facility, together with a drawing under the Revolving Facility and proceeds from the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes (as defined below), were used to: (i) satisfy in full all amounts outstanding under the Company’s Prior Senior Secured Credit Facilities, (ii) repurchase the Company’s 2013 Senior Unsecured Notes and 2012 Senior Subordinated Notes, (iii) prepay all amounts outstanding under the Company’s 2015 Senior Unsecured Notes and (iv) satisfy certain other obligations and pay related fees and expenses. The Revolving Facility is otherwise available for general corporate purposes.
As of December 31, 2017, amounts outstanding under the Revolving Facility, Term Loan A Facility and Term Loan B Facility totaled $35.0 million, $378.3 million and $777.2 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2017, letters of credit issued under the Revolving Facility totaled $50.2 million, of which no amounts were drawn. Inclusive of letters of credit, which reduce borrowing availability under the Revolving Facility, the Company had approximately $84.8 million of borrowing capacity under its Revolving Facility and Line of Credit as of December 31, 2017.
As amended, borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities accrue interest as follows: (i) for base rate loans under the Revolving Facility and Term Loan A Facility, at a base rate equal to the highest of (a) the prime rate, (b) the federal funds rate plus 50 basis points and (c) the one-month LIBOR rate plus 100 basis points (the highest of (a), (b) and (c), the “base rate”), plus a total leverage-based margin of 100 to 275 basis points; (ii) for Eurodollar rate loans under the Revolving Facility and Term Loan A Facility, at the applicable LIBOR rate (subject to a 0.0% LIBOR floor) plus a total leverage-based margin of 200 to 375 basis points; (iii) for base rate loans under the Term Loan B Facility, at the base rate plus 300 basis points; and (iv) for Eurodollar rate loans under the Term Loan B Facility, at the applicable LIBOR rate (subject to a 1.0% LIBOR floor) plus 400

12

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

basis points. The Company is also required to pay a total leverage-based undrawn commitment fee of between 37.5 and 50 basis points under the Revolving Facility. Interest on base rate loans is payable quarterly in arrears. Interest on Eurodollar rate loans is payable at the end of each applicable interest period in arrears, but not less frequently than quarterly.
As of December 31, 2017, interest on the $35.0 million outstanding under the Revolving Facility was based on a base rate of 4.50% plus 275 basis points. The commitment fee was 0.50% as of December 31, 2017. As of December 31, 2017, the $378.3 million outstanding under the Term Loan A Facility was comprised of a $10.1 million base rate loan based on a base rate of 4.50% plus 275 basis points and a $368.2 million Eurodollar rate loan based on a Eurodollar rate of 1.57% plus 375 basis points. As of December 31, 2017, the $777.2 million outstanding under the Term Loan B Facility was comprised of a $19.9 million base rate loan based on a base rate of 4.50% plus 300 basis points and a $757.3 million Eurodollar rate loan based on a Eurodollar rate of 1.57% plus 400 basis points. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, accrued interest, including commitment fees, on the Senior Secured Credit Facilities was $1.0 million and $829,000, respectively.
The Company's obligations under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, by the Pocono Subsidiaries, MBC, Mohegan Golf and Mohegan Ventures-NW (collectively, the “Guarantors”; and the Guarantors other than MBC, collectively, the “Grantors”). The collateral securing the Senior Secured Credit Facilities constitutes substantially all of the Company’s and the Grantors’ property and assets. In the future, certain other subsidiaries of the Company may be required to become Guarantors and/or Grantors in accordance with the terms of the Senior Secured Credit Facilities.
The Senior Secured Credit Facilities contain customary covenants applicable to the Company and its restricted subsidiaries, including covenants governing: incurrence of indebtedness, incurrence of liens, payment of dividends and other distributions, investments, asset sales, affiliate transactions and mergers or consolidations. The Senior Secured Credit Facilities also include financial maintenance covenants pertaining to total leverage, senior secured leverage and minimum fixed charge coverage. In addition, the Senior Secured Credit Facilities contain customary events of default relating to, among other things, failure to make required payments, breach of covenants and breach of representations.
As of December 31, 2017, the Company and the Tribe were in compliance with all respective covenant requirements under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities.
Senior Unsecured Notes
2016 7 7/8% Senior Unsecured Notes
In October 2016, the Company issued $500.0 million senior unsecured notes with fixed interest payable at a rate of 7.875% per annum (the “2016 Senior Unsecured Notes”). The 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes mature on October 15, 2024. Interest on the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 15 and October 15. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, accrued interest on the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes was $8.3 million and $18.1 million, respectively.
At any time prior to October 15, 2019, the Company may redeem the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes, in whole or in part, at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes redeemed plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of redemption and a make-whole premium. The 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes are redeemable at the Company’s option, in whole or in part, at any time on or after October 15, 2019, at specified redemption prices, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date of redemption. If the Company experiences specific kinds of change-of-control triggering events, it is required to make an offer to repurchase the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. Additionally, if the Company undertakes specific kinds of asset sales and does not use the related sale proceeds for specified purposes, the Company may be required to offer to repurchase the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. In certain circumstances, if any gaming regulatory authority requires a holder or beneficial owner of the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes to be licensed, qualified or found suitable under applicable gaming laws, and such holder or beneficial owner does not obtain such license, qualification or finding of suitability within a specified time, the Company can require such holder or beneficial owner to dispose of its 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes or call for redemption of the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes held by such holder or beneficial owner at a price equal to accrued and unpaid interest, if any, plus the lesser of 100% of the principal amount thereof or the price paid for such notes by such holder or beneficial owner.
The 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes are unsecured, unsubordinated obligations of the Company. The 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes are guaranteed by the Guarantors and will be guaranteed by any restricted subsidiary of the Company that becomes a guarantor in accordance with the terms of the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes indenture.
The 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes indenture contains certain covenants that, subject to certain significant exceptions, limit, among other things, the Company’s and the Guarantors’ ability to incur additional debt, pay dividends or distributions, make

13

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

certain investments, create liens on assets, enter into transactions with affiliates, merge or consolidate with another company or transfer and sell assets. The 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes indenture also includes customary events of default, including, but not limited to, failure to make required payments, failure to comply with certain agreements or covenants, failure to pay certain other indebtedness the occurrence of which is caused by a failure to pay principal, premium or interest or results in the acceleration of such indebtedness, certain events of bankruptcy and insolvency and certain judgment defaults.
As of December 31, 2017, the Company and the Tribe were in compliance with all respective covenant requirements under the 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes indenture.
The 2016 Senior Unsecured Notes and guarantees have not been and will not be registered under the Securities Act of 1933 or the securities laws of any other jurisdiction and may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an applicable exemption from such registration requirements.
The Company or its affiliates may, from time to time, seek to purchase or otherwise retire outstanding indebtedness for cash in open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. Any such transaction will depend on prevailing market conditions and the Company's liquidity and covenant requirement restrictions, among other factors.
Facility Agreement for Senior Unsecured Notes
In November 2015, the Company entered into an agreement (the “Facility Agreement”) by and among the Company, the Tribe and UBS AG, London Branch (“UBS”). Pursuant to the Facility Agreement, the Company may currently issue, from time to time, to UBS or its designee, senior unsecured notes in an aggregate principal amount of up to $100.0 million, in varying amounts and with varying borrowing dates, maturities and interest rates, as agreed with UBS or its designee.
Line of Credit
In October 2016, in connection with the new Senior Secured Credit Facilities, the Company entered into a $25.0 million revolving credit facility with Bank of America, N.A. (the “Line of Credit”). The Line of Credit is coterminous with the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Pursuant to provisions of the Senior Secured Credit Facilities, under certain circumstances, the Line of Credit may be converted into loans under the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. Under the Line of Credit, each advance accrues interest on the basis of a one-month LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin based on the Company's total leverage ratio, as each term is defined under the Line of Credit, as amended. As of December 31, 2017, no amount was drawn on the Line of Credit. Borrowings under the Line of Credit are uncollateralized general obligations of the Company. The Line of Credit contains negative covenants and financial maintenance covenants that are substantially the same as those contained in the Senior Secured Credit Facilities. As of December 31, 2017, the Company was in compliance with all covenant requirements under the Line of Credit. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, accrued interest on the Line of Credit was $39,000 and $37,000, respectively.
Mohegan Expo Credit Facility
In April 2017, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Mohegan Expo, entered into a loan agreement with certain third-party lenders providing for a $25.0 million tax-exempt senior secured multi-draw term loan with an approximately $8.3 million increase option (the “Mohegan Expo Credit Facility”). In September 2017, Mohegan Expo exercised the Mohegan Expo Credit Facility increase option. The proceeds from the Mohegan Expo Credit Facility are being used to partially finance the construction of an approximately $80.0 million, 240,000-square-foot exposition and convention center to be located adjacent to Mohegan Sun on land leased to Mohegan Expo by the Company (the “Mohegan Sun Exposition and Convention Center”). The remainder of the construction costs for the Mohegan Sun Exposition and Convention Center will be funded through investments by the Company. Construction on the Mohegan Sun Exposition and Convention Center commenced in March 2017 and it is expected to open in the summer of 2018.
The Mohegan Expo Credit Facility matures on April 22, 2022. Principal outstanding under the Mohegan Expo Credit Facility amortizes at a rate of 7.5% per annum, payable quarterly, commencing October 1, 2018. As of December 31, 2017, borrowings under the Mohegan Expo Credit Facility accrued interest at a variable rate per annum equal to the following: the product of (a) the sum of (i) the LIBOR rate and (ii) 4.79% and (b) 70 basis points. There is also a fee of 0.50% per annum charged on undrawn amounts, payable quarterly in arrears. Interest is payable monthly through July 1, 2018 and quarterly in arrears thereafter through the maturity date. Mohegan Expo is required to maintain a six-month debt service reserve in a designated account under the Mohegan Expo Credit Facility. As of December 31, 2017, interest on the $17.9 million outstanding under the Mohegan Expo Credit Facility was based on a rate of 4.31%.
The Mohegan Expo Credit Facility is a senior secured obligation of Mohegan Expo, collateralized by: (1) all existing and future assets of Mohegan Expo and (2) a contribution agreement pursuant to which the Company has agreed to make certain

14

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

contingent cash contributions to Mohegan Expo to the extent required to: (a) complete the Mohegan Sun Exposition and Convention Center or (b) fund any shortfalls in the repayment of debt service under the Mohegan Expo Credit Facility. The Mohegan Expo Credit Facility subjects Mohegan Expo to certain covenant requirements customarily found in loan agreements for similar transactions. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, accrued interest on the Mohegan Expo Credit Facility was $88,000 and $65,000, respectively.

NOTE 4—RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS:
Distributions
Distributions to the Tribe totaled $12.0 million for each of the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
Under the terms of Salishan-Mohegan’s operating agreement, management fees are allocated to the current members of Salishan-Mohegan based on their respective membership interests (refer to Note 6). Distributions to the Tribe in connection with this agreement totaled $390,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2017.

Services
The Tribe provides certain governmental and administrative services in connection with the operations of Mohegan Sun and Mohegan Sun Pocono. Expenses incurred for such services were recorded within operating costs and expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss) as follows (in millions):
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
December 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Gaming
$
1.4

 
$
1.1

Advertising, general and administrative
5.8

 
5.3

Corporate
1.7

 
1.6

Total
$
8.9

 
$
8.0

The Company purchases most of its utilities, including electricity, gas, water and waste water services, from an instrumentality of the Tribe, the Mohegan Tribal Utility Authority. The Company incurred costs for such utilities totaling $4.7 million and $4.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. These costs were recorded within advertising, general and administrative costs and expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss).
Leases
The Company leases the land on which Mohegan Sun is located from the Tribe under a long-term lease agreement. This lease agreement was amended and restated in October 2016. The lease agreement requires the Company to make a nominal annual rental payment. This lease has an initial term of 25 years and is renewable for an additional 25-year term upon expiration.
In July 2008, the Company entered into an additional land lease agreement with the Tribe relating to property located adjacent to the Tribe's reservation that is utilized by Mohegan Sun for employee parking. This lease agreement required the Company to make monthly payments equaling $75,000 until maturity on June 30, 2018. The Company classified this lease as a capital lease for financial reporting purposes due to the existence of a bargain purchase option at the expiration of the lease. This land lease was paid off and terminated in October 2016 and the property was merged into the land under the long-term lease agreement with the Tribe referenced above.
In March 2015, the Company entered into a sublease agreement with a subsidiary of the Tribe, the Mohegan Tribal Finance Authority, to sublease the Earth Hotel Tower and related improvements for the purpose of operating the hotel on a triple net basis for a term of 28 years and 4 months. The Company also entered into a similar sublease agreement with the Tribe to sublease a related connector which connects the Earth Hotel Tower to the Sky Hotel lobby. Rental payments under these leases commenced with the opening of the Earth Hotel Tower, which occurred in November 2016. The Company classified these leases as operating leases for financial reporting purposes in accordance with authoritative guidance issued by the FASB pertaining to the accounting for leases. On December 15, 2017, the Company purchased the connector for a purchase price of $8.5 million and terminated the related sublease agreement. The Company incurred lease expenses associated with these leases totaling $2.3 million and $1.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. These expenses were recorded within hotel operating costs and expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss).


15

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

Due from Mohegan Tribe
As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, due from Mohegan Tribe consisted primarily of a long-term loan receivable due from the Tribe. The Company, together with the Tribe, offer a benefit plan for certain eligible employees (the “Mohegan Benefit Plan”). The Mohegan Benefit Plan is sponsored by the Tribe for the benefit of participants who authorize the purchase of life insurance policies as a means of providing certain life insurance benefits to the participants and their spouses as joint insured. The life insurance policies are established on the life of each participant, and each premium contribution provided by the Company to the Tribe on behalf of the participant is treated as a loan from the Company to the Tribe and, in turn, as a loan from the Tribe to the participant, for legal, tax and financial reporting purposes. The loans from the Company to the Tribe are recorded as a long-term loan receivable. This loan receivable is required to be repaid by the Tribe. Accordingly, the Tribe retains an interest in each participant’s death benefit from the life insurance policies that will provide the Company with full repayment of the accumulated loan receivable at the death of the applicable participants insured under the life insurance policies.
Due to Mohegan Tribe
As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, due to Mohegan Tribe consisted primarily of outstanding lease payments related to the Earth Hotel Tower and connector.
Other
As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, funds loaned, including accrued interest, to Salishan Company, LLC and its owner in connection with the Cowlitz Project which are included in other assets, net in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets totaled $5.6 million and $5.1 million, respectively.
    
NOTE 5—COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES:
Slot Win and Free Promotional Slot Play Contributions
In May 1994, the Tribe and the State of Connecticut entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”), which sets forth certain matters regarding implementation of the Mohegan Compact. The MOU stipulates that a portion of revenues from slot machines must be paid to the State of Connecticut (“Slot Win Contribution”). Slot Win Contribution payments are not required if the State of Connecticut legalizes any other gaming operation with slot machines, video facsimiles of games of chance or other commercial casino games within the state of Connecticut, except those consented to by the Tribe and the MPT. For each 12-month period commencing July 1, 1995, Slot Win Contribution payments shall be the lesser of: (1) 30% of gross revenues from slot machines or (2) the greater of (a) 25% of gross revenues from slot machines or (b) $80.0 million.
In September 2009, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with the State of Connecticut regarding contribution payments on the Company's free promotional slot play program. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, effective July 1, 2009, the State of Connecticut agreed that no value shall be attributed to free promotional slot plays utilized by patrons at Mohegan Sun for purposes of calculating monthly contribution payments, provided that the aggregate amount of free promotional slot plays during any month does not exceed a certain threshold of gross revenues from slot machines for such month. In the event free promotional slot plays granted by the Company exceed such threshold, contribution payments are required on such excess face amount of free promotional slot plays at the same rate as Slot Win Contribution payments, or 25%. The threshold before contribution payments on free promotional slot plays are required is currently 11% of gross revenues from slot machines.
The Company reflected expenses associated with the combined Slot Win Contribution and free promotional slot play contribution totaling $36.5 million and $37.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, the combined outstanding Slot Win Contribution and free promotional slot play contribution totaled $12.5 million and $13.0 million, respectively, and were included in other current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Pennsylvania Slot Machine Tax
Downs Racing holds a Category One slot machine license issued by the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board (the “PGCB”) for the operation of slot machines at Mohegan Sun Pocono. This license permits Downs Racing to install and operate up to 3,000 slot machines at Mohegan Sun Pocono, expandable to up to a total of 5,000 slot machines upon request and approval of the PGCB.
The Pennsylvania Race Horse Development and Gaming Act stipulates that holders of Category One slot machine licenses must pay a portion of revenues from slot machines to the PGCB on a daily basis (“Pennsylvania Slot Machine Tax”), which included local share assessments to be paid to or for the support of the counties and municipalities hosting Mohegan Sun Pocono and assessments for the development and support of horse racing in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Slot

16

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

Machine Tax, including assessments, has approximated 55% of gross revenues from slot machines. By statute, 2% of the Pennsylvania Slot Machine Tax was subject to a $10.0 million minimum annual threshold to ensure that the host cities and municipalities receive an annual minimum of $10.0 million in local share assessments. On September 28, 2016, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court declared this provision to be unconstitutional and imposed a deadline for legislative action which was subsequently extended to and expired on May 26, 2017. Downs Racing continued to pay local share assessments equal to the $10.0 million annual minimum to Plains Township under a memorandum of understanding. On October 30, 2017, the Governor of Pennsylvania signed into law Act 42 of 2017, which amends the Pennsylvania Race Horse Development and Gaming Act. Among other things, Act 42 of 2017 abolished the 2% or $10.0 million local share assessments and replaced it with a new $10.0 million slot machine operation fee. The new slot machine operation fee was effective for the 2017 calendar year, with credits for amounts paid towards the prior local share assessments. Effective January 1, 2018, Act 42 of 2017 also increased the effective Pennsylvania Slot Machine Tax by 1%. Downs Racing maintains a $1.5 million escrow deposit in the name of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Luzerne County portion of Pennsylvania Slot Machine Tax payments, which was included in other assets, net in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
    
The Company reflected expenses associated with the Pennsylvania Slot Machine Tax totaling $27.2 million and $27.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, outstanding Pennsylvania Slot Machine Tax payments totaled $7.5 million and $5.4 million, respectively, and were included in other current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Pennsylvania Table Game Tax
In January 2010, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania amended the Pennsylvania Race Horse Development and Gaming Act to allow slot machine operators in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania to obtain a table game operation certificate and operate certain table games, including poker. Under the amended law, holders of table game operation certificates must pay a portion of revenues from table games to the PGCB on a weekly basis (“Pennsylvania Table Game Tax”). The Pennsylvania Table Game Tax was 12%, plus 2% in local share assessments. Effective August 1, 2016, the Pennsylvania Table Game Tax was increased to 14%, plus the 2% local share assessments.
The Company reflected expenses associated with the Pennsylvania Table Game Tax totaling $1.6 million and $1.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, outstanding Pennsylvania Table Game Tax payments totaled $125,000 and $100,000, respectively, and were included in other current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Pennsylvania Regulatory Fee
Slot machine licensees in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania are required to reimburse state gaming regulatory agencies for various administrative and operating expenses (“Pennsylvania Regulatory Fee”). The Pennsylvania Regulatory Fee was 1.5% of gross revenues from slot machines and table games. Effective August 1, 2016, the Pennsylvania Regulatory Fee was increased to 1.7% of gross revenues from slot machines and table games.
The Company reflected expenses associated with the Pennsylvania Regulatory Fee totaling $1.3 million and $1.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, outstanding Pennsylvania Regulatory Fee payments to the PGCB totaled $162,000 and $145,000, respectively, and were included in other current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board Loans
The PGCB was initially granted $36.1 million in loans to fund start-up costs for gaming in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, which are to be repaid by slot machine licensees (the "Initial Loans"). The PGCB was subsequently granted an additional $63.8 million in loans to fund ongoing gaming oversight costs, which are also to be repaid by slot machine licensees (the "Subsequent Loans").
In June 2011, the PGCB adopted a method of assessment of repayment for the Subsequent Loans pursuant to which repayment commenced on January 1, 2012 and will continue over a 10-year period in accordance with a formula based on a combination of a single fiscal year and cumulative gross revenues from slot machines for each operating slot machine licensee. The Company reflected expenses associated with this repayment schedule totaling $149,000 and $152,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Pursuant to Act 42 of 2017, on December 1, 2017, the PGCB issued an administrative order establishing a repayment schedule for the Initial Loans. Under the repayment schedule, quarterly payments commenced in January 2018 and will continue

17

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

through June 2019. Accordingly, in fiscal 2017, the Company recorded a $3.2 million charge for its portion of the Initial Loans. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, the related liability was included in other current liabilities and other long-term liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Horsemen’s Agreement
Downs Racing and the Pennsylvania Harness Horsemen’s Association (the “PHHA”) are parties to an agreement that governs all live harness racing and simulcasting and account wagering at the Pennsylvania Facilities through December 31, 2018. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, outstanding payments to the PHHA for purses earned by horsemen, but not yet paid, totaled $5.1 million and $4.9 million, respectively, and were included in other current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Priority Distribution Agreement
In August 2001, the Company and the Tribe entered into an agreement (the “Priority Distribution Agreement”), which stipulates that the Company must make monthly payments to the Tribe to the extent of the Company's net cash flow as defined under the Priority Distribution Agreement. The Priority Distribution Agreement was amended as of December 31, 2014. As amended, the Priority Distribution Agreement, which has a perpetual term, limits the minimum aggregate priority distribution payments in each calendar year to $40.0 million. Payments under the Priority Distribution Agreement: (1) do not reduce the Company's obligations to reimburse the Tribe for governmental and administrative services provided by the Tribe or to make payments under any other agreements with the Tribe, (2) are limited obligations of the Company and are payable only to the extent of the Company's net cash flow as defined under the Priority Distribution Agreement and (3) are not secured by a lien or encumbrance on any of the Company's assets or properties.
The Company reflected payments associated with the Priority Distribution Agreement totaling $10.0 million for each of the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
Litigation and Legal Proceedings
On February 2, 2017, the Company was informed by a representative of the PGCB’s Office of Enforcement Counsel (the “OEC”) that the OEC was nearing completion of a review of possible operational control deficiencies at Mohegan Sun Pocono and, based on the OEC’s preliminary findings, the OEC anticipated that Mohegan Sun Pocono would be subject to disciplinary action, including a fine and undertakings to remediate the issues identified by the OEC. The operational control deficiencies related to, among other things, the Company's system of tracking and reporting the issuance of certain patron incentives such as free promotional slot play.
On February 14, 2017, the Company informed the OEC that, in connection with the Company’s ongoing review of Mohegan Sun Pocono’s operations, the Company terminated in January 2017 Mohegan Sun Pocono’s business relationship with ReferLocal, a marketing and advertising company with which Mohegan Sun Pocono did business since 2011 and in which the Company’s former President and Chief Executive Officer had a 5% equity interest, which equity interest had not previously been disclosed to the Company’s Management Board. On February 3, 2017, the Company received a letter from counsel to ReferLocal asserting, among other things, that ReferLocal had suffered damages in connection with the termination of this business relationship and may seek recovery of such damages from the Company and its former President and Chief Executive Officer. ReferLocal is not registered with the PGCB as a gaming service provider.
On September 26, 2017, the Company entered into two consent agreements with the PGCB. Under these agreements, the Company agreed to perform certain remediation measures relating to its operations at its Mohegan Sun Pocono facility, including retaining a Chief Compliance Officer and establishing a Compliance Committee, and paying fines totaling $1.0 million. One consent agreement covers fines and remediation for failures related to certain operational controls and the other agreement covers remediation and fines for failure to ensure licensure of gaming service providers, including ReferLocal, as required under Pennsylvania gaming regulations.
On December 13, 2017, upon the recommendation of the OEC, the PGCB approved each of the consent agreements mentioned in the previous paragraph. The Company paid the $1.0 million in fines on December 15, 2017. The Company believes that the approval of the consent agreements by the PGCB concludes the OEC’s current review of operational controls at the Mohegan Sun Pocono facility.
In addition, in connection with the Company’s MMCT project in East Windsor, Connecticut, the Tribe entered into an agreement to amend the Mohegan Compact and an agreement to amend the MOU with the State of Connecticut (the “State”), which were signed by the Governor of Connecticut on July 20, 2017 and submitted to the United States Secretary of the Interior (the “Secretary”) for approval or disapproval on or about August 2, 2017. The Secretary returned the amendments, along with

18

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

substantially similar amendments submitted by MPT, by letter dated September 15, 2017, but did not approve or disapprove the amendments or publish notice of approval in the Federal Register. On November 29, 2017, the State, joined by the Tribe and MPT, filed suit in United States District Court for the District of Columbia to compel the Secretary to publish notice of approval. On December 22, 2017, the State, the Tribe and MPT filed a motion for summary judgment. On February 5, 2018, the federal defendants filed a motion for partial dismissal, seeking the dismissal of claims with regard to MPT, including any claims by the State or the Tribe related to MPT’s gaming procedures under federal law.
The Company is a defendant in various other claims and legal actions resulting from its normal course of business, primarily relating to personal injuries to patrons and damages to patrons' personal assets. The Company estimates litigation claims expense and accrues for such liabilities based upon historical experience. In management's opinion, the aggregate liability, if any, arising from such litigations will not have a material impact on the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

NOTE 6—MOHEGAN VENTURES-NORTHWEST, LLC (COWLITZ PROJECT):
Mohegan Ventures-NW, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, is a member of Salishan-Mohegan. Salishan-Mohegan was formed to participate in the development and management of ilani Casino Resort, a gaming and entertainment facility owned by the federally-recognized Cowlitz Tribe and CTGA, which opened in April 2017 on the Cowlitz reservation in Clark County, Washington. Mohegan Ventures-NW, Salishan Company, LLC (“Salishan Company”), an unrelated entity, and a subsidiary of the Tribe previously held membership interests in Salishan-Mohegan of 49.15%, 40% and 10.85%, respectively.
In April 2017, Salishan Company and Salishan-Mohegan entered into a membership interest redemption and withdrawal agreement (the “Redemption and Withdrawal Agreement”), pursuant to which Salishan-Mohegan agreed to redeem all of Salishan Company’s right, title and interest in and to its membership interests of Salishan-Mohegan, and Salishan Company agreed to resign and irrevocably withdraw as a member of Salishan-Mohegan. As a result of this withdrawal and the retirement of the related shares, Mohegan Ventures-NW and a subsidiary of the Tribe now hold membership interests in Salishan-Mohegan of 81.92% and 18.08%, respectively. In connection with the Redemption and Withdrawal Agreement, the parties also formed a new joint venture development entity, SMDC, to which Salishan-Mohegan assigned the right of first refusal for certain subsequent material expansion or future development, as provided in the development agreement for the Cowlitz Project. Mohegan Ventures-NW, Salishan Company and a subsidiary of the Tribe hold membership interests in SMDC of 49.15%, 40% and 10.85%, respectively.
Salishan-Mohegan and SMDC are not restricted entities of the Company, and therefore, are not guarantors of the Company’s debt obligations.
As consideration for the redemption, Salishan-Mohegan agreed to pay Salishan Company a redemption price, the amount of which was to be determined by binding arbitration. Arbitration was conducted in November 2017 and, on December 4, 2017, the arbitrator determined a final redemption price in the amount of $114.8 million (the “Redemption Price”). Accordingly, in accordance with authoritative guidance issued by the FASB pertaining to the accounting for contingencies, the Company recorded a $68.5 million redemption liability (the “Redemption Liability”) based on the present value of the Redemption Price at April 14, 2017. The Redemption Liability was discounted utilizing the Company’s credit adjusted risk-free investment rate. The Company recognized accretion to the Redemption Liability to reflect the impact of the time value of money. Under the terms of the Redemption and Withdrawal Agreement, on December 15, 2017, Salishan-Mohegan executed and delivered a promissory note (“Redemption Note Payable”) to Salishan Company, pursuant to which Salishan-Mohegan agreed to pay the Redemption Price to Salishan Company in equal monthly installments over a five-year period, commencing in May 2019, subject to set-off for certain amounts owed by Salishan Company or its principal to Salishan-Mohegan or Mohegan Ventures-NW. On December 15, 2017, the Redemption Liability converted to the Redemption Note Payable. The Company recognizes interest expense relating to the amortization of discount to the Redemption Note Payable.
The following table presents a reconciliation of the Redemption Liability (in thousands):
 
Redemption Liability
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
72,351

Additions:
 
   Accretion of discount to the Redemption Liability
1,733

Deductions:
 
   Conversion to Redemption Note Payable
(74,084
)
Balance, December 31, 2017
$

    

19

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

The following table presents a reconciliation of the Redemption Note Payable (in thousands):
 
Redemption Note Payable
Balance, September 30, 2017
$

Additions:
 
   Initial Redemption Note Payable
74,084

   Amortization of discount to the Redemption Note Payable
407

Balance, December 31, 2017
$
74,491

In September 2004, Salishan-Mohegan entered into development and management agreements with the Cowlitz Tribe in connection with the Cowlitz Project, which agreements have been amended from time to time.
Under the terms of the development agreement, Salishan-Mohegan assisted in securing financing, as well as administration and oversight of the planning, design, development, construction and furnishing of the Cowlitz Project. The development agreement provides for development fees of 3% of total project costs, as defined under the development agreement, to be paid to Salishan-Mohegan. Under the terms of Salishan-Mohegan's operating agreement, development fees earned by Salishan-Mohegan are distributed to Mohegan Ventures-NW. In 2006, pursuant to the development agreement, Salishan-Mohegan purchased an approximately 156-acre site for the casino resort. In addition, certain receivables contributed to Salishan-Mohegan and amounts advanced by Salishan-Mohegan on behalf of the Cowlitz Tribe are reimbursable to Salishan-Mohegan by the Cowlitz Tribe, subject to appropriate approvals defined under the development agreement.
The following table presents a reconciliation of development fees, including accrued interest, (in thousands):
 
Development Fees
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
3,508

Additions:
 
   Fees earned, including interest receivable (1)
1,119

Deductions:
 
   Payments received
(2,000
)
Balance, December 31, 2017
$
2,627

_________
(1)
Primarily recorded within retail, entertainment and other revenues in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of income and comprehensive income for the three months ended December 31, 2017.

Under the terms of the management agreement, which became effective on May 21, 2017 following approval by the National Indian Gaming Commission, Salishan-Mohegan is obligated to manage, operate and maintain the casino resort for a period of seven years. The management agreement provides for management fees of 24% of net revenues, as defined under the management agreement, which approximates net income earned from the Cowlitz Project. Under the terms of Salishan-Mohegan’s operating agreement, management fees will be allocated to the current members of Salishan-Mohegan based on their respective membership interests.

The following table presents a reconciliation of management fees (in thousands):
 
Management Fees
Balance, September 30, 2017
$
3,189

Additions:
 
   Fees earned (1)
1,363

Deductions:
 
   Payments received (2)
(2,159
)
Balance, December 31, 2017
$
2,393

_________
(1)
Recorded within retail, entertainment and other revenues in the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of income and comprehensive income for the three months ended December 31, 2017.
(2)
Distributions to the Tribe totaled $390,000 based on their membership interest.
In December 2015, CTGA obtained financing for the Cowlitz Project. The financing provided funding for construction of the Cowlitz Project and a partial repayment of the Salishan-Mohegan receivables. In connection with this transaction, Salishan-Mohegan was repaid $19.4 million of the Salishan-Mohegan receivables, a portion of which was used to repay certain outstanding debt of Salishan-Mohegan. Under the terms of the development agreement, the remaining outstanding Salishan-Mohegan receivables are to be repaid in equal monthly installments over a seven-year period commencing the first month following the opening of the Cowlitz Project, which occurred in April 2017, subject to conditions of the Cowlitz financing. As of December 31,

20

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

2017, the remaining outstanding Salishan-Mohegan receivables accrue interest at an annual rate of 13.0%. Pursuant to the development agreement, repayment of the remaining outstanding Salishan-Mohegan receivables may accelerate depending on the level of available cash at the end of each fiscal year, subject to certain conditions as set forth in the development agreement, including conditions of the Cowlitz financing.
The Company maintains a reserve for doubtful collection of the Salishan-Mohegan receivables, which is based on the Company's estimate of the probability that the receivables will be collected. The Company assesses the adequacy of this reserve on a quarterly basis. In fiscal 2016, the Company reduced the reserve following the financing of the Cowlitz Project. The Company further reduced the reserve in fiscal 2017 following the opening of ilani Casino Resort. Future developments relating to the Cowlitz Project, including cash flows generated by the casino and other matters affecting the project could affect the collectability of these receivables and the related reserve. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, the Salishan-Mohegan receivables, including accrued interest, totaled $95.2 million and $92.3 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, related reserves for doubtful collection totaled $9.5 million and $9.2 million, respectively. The Salishan-Mohegan receivables were included in other assets, net, in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, Salishan-Mohegan had total assets of $91.9 million and $90.0 million, respectively, and total liabilities of $151.7 million and $147.0 million, respectively.

NOTE 7—MOHEGAN GAMING ADVISORS, LLC (PROJECT INSPIRE):
Mohegan Gaming Advisors, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, currently holds a 50.19% membership interest in Inspire Integrated Resort, which was formed to pursue gaming opportunities in South Korea. The remaining 49.81% membership interest in Inspire Integrated Resort is held by an unrelated third-party and its affiliates. Inspire Integrated Resort is not a restricted entity of the Company, and therefore, is not a guarantor of the Company’s debt obligations.
In February 2016, Inspire Integrated Resort was awarded pre-approval for a gaming license to be issued upon the completion of construction of Project Inspire, a proposed integrated resort and casino to be located adjacent to the Incheon International Airport in South Korea. In August 2016, Inspire Integrated Resort entered into an implementation agreement with the Incheon International Airport Authority for the long-term lease and development of land at the project site adjacent to the airport.
Mohegan Gaming Advisors and its partner have each contributed approximately $100.0 million in cash into Project Inspire. The construction costs for Project Inspire are currently being funded by these contributions. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, unused contributions, after factoring in the effect of the exchange rate, totaled $160.0 million and $162.0 million, respectively, and were included in non-current assets - restricted cash and cash equivalents and other assets, net in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, property and equipment, net, which consisted primarily of construction in process, totaled $66.7 million and $49.2 million, respectively.
As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, Inspire Integrated Resort had total assets of $228.9 million and $212.8 million, respectively, and total liabilities of $15.5 million and $13.9 million, respectively. Outstanding liabilities are anticipated to be funded by Inspire Integrated Resort's restricted cash and cash equivalents.




















21

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

NOTE 8—SEGMENT REPORTING:
As of December 31, 2017, the Company owns and operates, either directly or through subsidiaries, the Connecticut Facilities and the Pennsylvania Facilities. Substantially all of the Company's revenues are derived from these operations. The Connecticut Sun franchise, the Mohegan Sun Golf Club and the New England Black Wolves franchise are aggregated with the Mohegan Sun operating segment because these operations all share similar economic characteristics, which is to generate gaming and entertainment revenues by attracting patrons to Mohegan Sun. The Company's executive officers review and assess the performance and operating results and determine the proper allocation of resources to the Connecticut Facilities and the Pennsylvania Facilities on a separate basis. Accordingly, the Company has two separate reportable segments: (1) Mohegan Sun, which includes the operations of the Connecticut Facilities and (2) Mohegan Sun Pocono, which includes the operations of the Pennsylvania Facilities. The Company's operations related to investments in unconsolidated affiliates and certain other Corporate development and management operations have not been identified as separate reportable segments; therefore, these operations are included in Corporate and other in the following segment disclosures to reconcile to consolidated results.
 
For the Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
December 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Net revenues:
 
 
 
Mohegan Sun
$
262,937

 
$
259,203

Mohegan Sun Pocono
64,804

 
68,418

Corporate and other
3,803

 
3,431

Inter-segment revenues
(60
)
 
(60
)
Total
$
331,484

 
$
330,992

Income (loss) from operations:
 
 
 
Mohegan Sun
$
56,393

 
$
49,349

Mohegan Sun Pocono
7,675

 
7,910

Corporate and other
(9,068
)
 
(7,839
)
Total
55,000

 
49,420

Accretion of discount to the redemption liability
(1,733
)
 

Interest income
3,869

 
2,900

Interest expense, net of capitalized interest
(28,336
)
 
(30,035
)
Loss on modification and early extinguishment of debt

 
(73,796
)
Income (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates
175

 
(731
)
Other income (expense), net
(285
)
 
1

Net income (loss)
28,690

 
(52,241
)
Loss attributable to non-controlling interests
519

 
619

Net income (loss) attributable to Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority
$
29,209

 
$
(51,622
)
Comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
14,747

 
(18,310
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
14,747

 
(18,310
)
Other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(8,318
)
 
9,413

Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority
6,429

 
(8,897
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority
$
35,638

 
$
(60,519
)


22

MOHEGAN TRIBAL GAMING AUTHORITY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)
(unaudited)

 
For the Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
December 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Capital expenditures incurred:
 
 
 
Mohegan Sun
$
30,932

 
$
6,894

Mohegan Sun Pocono
2,610

 
1,255

Corporate and other
14,215

 
2,498

Total
$
47,757

 
$
10,647

 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
December 31, 2017
 
September 30, 2017
Total assets:
 
 
 
Mohegan Sun
$
1,365,776

 
$
1,333,012

Mohegan Sun Pocono
581,126

 
582,241

Corporate and other
349,895

 
320,428

Total
$
2,296,797

 
$
2,235,681


23


Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Some information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other materials filed by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or the Exchange Act. Such statements include information relating to business development activities, as well as capital spending, financing sources, the effects of regulation, including gaming and tax regulation, and increased competition. These statements can sometimes be identified by our use of forward-looking words such as “may,” “will,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect” or “intend” and similar expressions. Such forward-looking information involves important risks and uncertainties that could significantly affect anticipated future results, and accordingly, such results may differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those relating to the following:
the financial performance of Mohegan Sun and Mohegan Sun Pocono and our Pennsylvania off-track wagering facilities;
the local, regional, national or global economic climate;
increased competition, including the expansion of gaming in New England, New York, New Jersey or Pennsylvania or outside of the United States;
our leverage and ability to meet our debt service obligations and maintain compliance with financial debt covenants;
the continued availability of financing;
our dependence on existing management;
our ability to integrate new amenities from expansions to our facilities into our current operations and manage the expanded facilities;
changes in federal or state tax laws or the administration of such laws;
changes in gaming laws or regulations, including the limitation, denial or suspension of licenses required under gaming laws and regulations;
changes in applicable laws pertaining to the service of alcohol, smoking or other amenities offered at our facilities;
our ability to successfully implement our diversification strategy;
an act of terrorism on the United States;
our customers' access to inexpensive transportation to our facilities and changes in oil, fuel or other transportation-related expenses;
unfavorable weather conditions;
risks associated with operations in foreign jurisdictions;
failure by our employees, agents, affiliates, vendors or businesses to comply with applicable laws, rules and regulations, including state gaming laws and regulations and anti-bribery laws such as the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, and similar anti-bribery laws in other jurisdictions; and
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
Additional information concerning potential factors that could affect our financial results is included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017, as well as our other reports and filings with the SEC. The forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are made only as of the date of this report. We do not undertake any obligation to update or supplement any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, except as required by law. We cannot assure you that projected results or events will be achieved or will occur.
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes beginning on page 3 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Overview
The Mohegan Tribe and the Company
The Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut, or the Mohegan Tribe or the Tribe, is a federally-recognized Indian tribe with an approximately 595-acre reservation situated in southeastern Connecticut, adjacent to Uncasville, Connecticut. Under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988, federally-recognized Indian tribes are permitted to conduct full-scale casino gaming operations on tribal lands, subject to, among other things, the negotiation of a compact with the affected state. The Tribe and the

24


State of Connecticut entered into such a compact, the Mohegan Compact, which was approved by the United States Secretary of the Interior. We were established as an instrumentality of the Tribe, with the exclusive authority to conduct and regulate gaming activities for the Tribe on Tribal lands and the non-exclusive authority to conduct such activities elsewhere.
Our gaming operation at Mohegan Sun is one of only two legally authorized gaming operations in Southern New England offering traditional slot machines and table games. Through our subsidiary, Downs Racing, L.P., or Downs Racing, we also own and operate Mohegan Sun Pocono, a gaming and entertainment facility located in Plains Township, Pennsylvania, and several off-track wagering facilities, or OTW facilities, located elsewhere in Pennsylvania, collectively the Pennsylvania facilities. We are governed by a nine-member Management Board, whose members also comprise the Mohegan Tribal Council, the governing body of the Tribe. Any change in the composition of the Mohegan Tribal Council results in a corresponding change in our Management Board.
Mohegan Sun
In October 1996, we opened a gaming and entertainment complex known as Mohegan Sun. Mohegan Sun is located on an approximately 196-acre site on the Tribe's reservation overlooking the Thames River with direct access from Interstate 395 and Connecticut Route 2A. Mohegan Sun is approximately 125 miles from New York City, New York, and approximately 100 miles from Boston, Massachusetts. In 2002, we completed a major expansion of Mohegan Sun known as Project Sunburst, which included increased gaming, restaurant and retail space, an entertainment arena, an approximately 1,200-room luxury Sky Hotel Tower and approximately 100,000 square feet of convention space. In 2007, we opened Sunrise Square, and, in 2008, we opened Casino of the Wind, both components of Mohegan Sun's Project Horizon expansion.
Mohegan Sun currently operates in an approximately 5.0 million square-foot facility, which includes the following:
Casino of the Earth
As of December 31, 2017, Casino of the Earth offered:
approximately 185,000 square feet of gaming space;
approximately 2,450 slot machines and 145 traditional and electronic table games;
Sunrise Square, a 9,800-square-foot Asian-themed gaming area;
an approximately 9,000-square-foot simulcasting Racebook facility;
food and beverage amenities, including: Seasons Buffet, a 784-seat multi-station buffet with live cooking stations, Bobby Flay's Bobby's Burger Palace, Bean and Vine Café & Wine Bar, Bow & Arrow Sports Bar and multiple service bars, all operated by us, as well as Ballo Italian Restaurant & Social Club, Jumbo Oriental, a full-service Asian restaurant and food court, Chick-Fil-A, Frank Pepe Pizzeria Napoletana, Hash House a Go Go, Fidelia's Market, an approximately 290-seat multi-station food court, and Carlo's Bakery operated by third-parties, for a total restaurant seating of approximately 2,240;
five Mohegan Sun-owned retail shops, offering products ranging from Mohegan Sun logo souvenirs to cigars;
an approximately 400-room Earth Hotel Tower operated by us;
COMIX, an approximately 415-seat comedy club and craft beer bar operated by a third-party; and
the Wolf Den, an approximately 10,000-square-foot, 275-seat lounge featuring live entertainment.
Casino of the Sky
As of December 31, 2017, Casino of the Sky offered:
approximately 125,000 square feet of gaming space;
approximately 1,920 slot machines and 100 traditional and electronic table games;
food and beverage amenities, including: Todd English's Tuscany, Bobby Flay's Bar Americain, Starbucks, a 24-hour coffee shop and three lounges and bars, all operated by us, as well as five additional full-service restaurants, two quick-service restaurants and a multi-station food court operated by third-parties, for a total restaurant seating of approximately 2,160;
The Shops at Mohegan Sun containing 31 retail shops, five of which we own;
the Mohegan Sun Arena with seating for up to 10,000;
a 350-seat Cabaret theatre;
an approximately 1,200-room luxury Sky Hotel Tower, including a private high-limit table games suite;
Lansdowne Irish Pub and Music House with restaurant seating of approximately 205, Avalon Nightclub and Vista Lounge, all operated by a third-party;
an approximately 20,000-square-foot spa operated by a third-party;
approximately 100,000 square feet of convention space; and
a child care facility and an arcade-style entertainment area operated by a third-party.


25


Casino of the Wind
As of December 31, 2017, Casino of the Wind offered:
approximately 40,000 square feet of gaming space;
approximately 510 slot machines, 25 traditional table games and a 42-table themed poker room;
a 400-seat, 16,000-square-foot Jimmy Buffett's Margaritaville Restaurant operated by a third-party; and
Mist, a nightlife entertainment venue operated by us.
Mohegan Sun offers parking for approximately 13,000 patrons and 3,600 employees. We also operate an approximately 3,600-square-foot, 20-pump gasoline and convenience center for patrons, as well as a 10-pump gasoline center for employees, both located adjacent to Mohegan Sun.
Connecticut Sun
Through Mohegan Basketball Club, LLC, we own and operate the Connecticut Sun franchise, a professional basketball team in the Women's National Basketball Association. The team plays its home games in the Mohegan Sun Arena.
New England Black Wolves
Through Mohegan Lacrosse, LLC, we have partnered with an unrelated third-party to own and operate the New England Black Wolves franchise, a professional lacrosse team in the National Lacrosse League. The team plays its home games in the Mohegan Sun Arena.
Mohegan Sun Golf Club
Through Mohegan Golf, LLC, we own and operate the Mohegan Sun Golf Club, a private 18-hole championship golf course, restaurant and bar located in Sprague and Franklin, Connecticut.
Mohegan Sun Pocono
Through Downs Racing, we own and operate a gaming and entertainment facility known as Mohegan Sun Pocono located on an approximately 400-acre site in Plains Township, Pennsylvania, and OTW facilities located in Carbondale, East Stroudsburg and Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania. In November 2006, Mohegan Sun Pocono became the first location to offer slot machine gaming in the commonwealth of Pennsylvania when Phase I of its gaming and entertainment facility opened. In July 2008, we completed a major expansion of Mohegan Sun Pocono known as Project Sunrise, which included increased gaming, restaurant and retail space, and, in July 2010, we opened our table game and poker operations, including additional non-smoking sections and a high-limit gaming area. In November 2013, we completed Project Sunlight, a hotel and convention center expansion located adjacent to the Mohegan Sun Pocono casino.
Mohegan Sun Pocono currently operates in an approximately 400,000-square-foot facility, which includes the following as of December 31, 2017:
approximately 90,000 square feet of gaming space;
approximately 2,330 slot machines, 75 table games, including blackjack, roulette and craps, and an 18-table poker room;
live harness racing and simulcast and off-track wagering;
a 238-room hotel, including a spa and fitness center;
approximately 20,000 square feet of convention space;
food and beverage amenities, including: Ruth's Chris Steakhouse, Rustic Kitchen Bistro and Bar, which features dining and a live cooking show, Bar Louie, a casual bar and restaurant, Elixir Bistro Bar, Timbers Buffet, a 300-seat Mohegan Indian cultural heritage themed multi-station buffet, and a food court, including: Johnny Rockets, Puck Express by Wolfgang Puck and Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream, for a total seating of approximately 2,100;
four retail shops, one of which we own, offering products ranging from Mohegan Sun Pocono logo souvenirs to fine apparel; and
three bars/lounges: Sunburst Bar, featured in the center of the gaming floor, Breakers Night Club and Pearl Sushi Bar.
Market and Competition from Other Gaming Operations
Our gaming operation at Mohegan Sun is one of only two current gaming operations in Southern New England offering traditional slot machines and live table games, with the other operation being our sole gaming competitor in the state of Connecticut, Foxwoods Resort Casino, or Foxwoods. Foxwoods is owned by the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe and is located approximately 10 miles from Mohegan Sun. We also face competition from gaming facilities in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York and New Jersey. In addition, we face competition in and from the northeastern Pennsylvania gaming market. Please refer to “Part I. Item 1. Business-Market and Competition from Other Gaming Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended

26


September 30, 2017 and our other reports and filings with the SEC for further details regarding current and potential competition from other gaming operations.
Explanation of Key Financial Statement Captions
There has been no material change from the explanation of key financial statement captions previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2017.
 
Results of Operations
Summary Operating Results
As of December 31, 2017, we own and operate, either directly or through subsidiaries: (1) Mohegan Sun, the Connecticut Sun franchise, the Mohegan Sun Golf Club and the New England Black Wolves franchise, or collectively, the Connecticut facilities, and (2) Mohegan Sun Pocono and its off-track wagering facilities, or collectively, the Pennsylvania facilities. Substantially all of our revenues are derived from these operations. The Connecticut Sun franchise, the Mohegan Sun Golf Club and the New England Black Wolves franchise are aggregated with the Mohegan Sun operating segment because these operations all share similar economic characteristics, which is to generate gaming and entertainment revenues by attracting patrons to Mohegan Sun. Our executive officers review and assess the performance and operating results and determine the proper allocation of resources to the Connecticut facilities and the Pennsylvania facilities on a separate basis. Accordingly, we have two separate reportable segments: (1) Mohegan Sun, which includes the operations of the Connecticut facilities and (2) Mohegan Sun Pocono, which includes the operations of the Pennsylvania facilities. Our operations related to investments in unconsolidated affiliates and certain other Corporate development and management operations have not been identified as separate reportable segments; therefore, these operations are included in Corporate and other in the following segment disclosures to reconcile to consolidated results.
The following table summarizes our results on a property basis (in thousands, except where noted):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Net revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohegan Sun
$
262,937

 
$
259,203

 
$
3,734

 
1.4
 %
Mohegan Sun Pocono
64,804

 
68,418

 
(3,614
)
 
(5.3
)%
Corporate and other
3,803

 
3,431

 
372

 
10.8
 %
Inter-segment revenues
(60
)
 
(60
)
 

 

Total
$
331,484

 
$
330,992

 
$
492

 
0.1
 %
Income (loss) from operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohegan Sun
$
56,393

 
$
49,349

 
$
7,044

 
14.3
 %
Mohegan Sun Pocono
7,675

 
7,910

 
(235
)
 
(3.0
)%
Corporate and other
(9,068
)
 
(7,839
)
 
(1,229
)
 
15.7
 %
Total
$
55,000

 
$
49,420

 
$
5,580

 
11.3
 %
Net income (loss) attributable to Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority
$
29,209

 
$
(51,622
)
 
$
80,831

 
N.M.

Operating margin:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohegan Sun
21.4
%
 
19.0
%
 
2.4
%
 
12.6
 %
Mohegan Sun Pocono
11.8
%
 
11.6
%
 
0.2
%
 
1.7
 %
Total
16.6
%
 
14.9
%
 
1.7
%
 
11.4
 %
_________
N.M. - Not meaningful.

The most significant factors and trends that we believe impacted our operating and financial performance were as follows:
lower operating costs and expenses at Mohegan Sun and Mohegan Sun Pocono;
higher table game revenues at Mohegan Sun;
a difficult comparison due to Mohegan Sun’s 20th anniversary festivities which drove higher than normal business volumes in the prior period;
a repositioning of promotional offers at Mohegan Sun Pocono;
competitive gaming markets;
lower interest expense; and
a $73.8 million non-operating loss on modification and early extinguishment of debt in the prior period.

27



Net revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year were relatively flat.
Income from operations for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year increased primarily as a result of lower operating costs and expenses at both Mohegan Sun and Mohegan Sun Pocono.
The increase in net income attributable to Mohegan Tribal Gaming Authority for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year was primarily due to the loss on modification and early extinguishment of debt in the prior period, combined with the increase in income from operations.
Mohegan Sun
Revenues
Revenues consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Gaming
$
226,746

 
$
222,180

 
$
4,566

 
2.1
 %
Food and beverage
16,302

 
16,123

 
179

 
1.1
 %
Hotel (1)
13,657

 
13,342

 
315

 
2.4
 %
Retail, entertainment and other
27,177

 
28,619

 
(1,442
)
 
(5.0
)%
Gross revenues
283,882

 
280,264

 
3,618

 
1.3
 %
Less-Promotional allowances
20,945

 
21,061

 
(116
)
 
(0.6
)%
Net revenues
$
262,937

 
$
259,203

 
$
3,734

 
1.4
 %
_________
(1)
The 400-room Earth Hotel Tower opened on November 10, 2016.
The following table summarizes the percentage of gross revenues from each of the four revenue sources:
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Gaming
79.9
%
 
79.3
%
Food and beverage
5.7
%
 
5.7
%
Hotel
4.8
%
 
4.8
%
Retail, entertainment and other
9.6
%
 
10.2
%
Total
100.0
%
 
100.0
%

Promotional Allowances
The retail value of promotional allowances was included in gross revenues as follows (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Food and beverage
$
6,381

 
$
6,376

 
$
5

 
0.1
 %
Hotel
3,851

 
3,717

 
134

 
3.6
 %
Retail, entertainment and other
10,713

 
10,968

 
(255
)
 
(2.3
)%
Total
$
20,945

 
$
21,061

 
$
(116
)
 
(0.6
)%
The estimated cost of promotional allowances was included in gaming costs and expenses as follows (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Food and beverage
$
5,550

 
$
5,470

 
$
80

 
1.5
 %
Hotel
2,528

 
2,175

 
353

 
16.2
 %
Retail, entertainment and other
10,013

 
10,943

 
(930
)
 
(8.5
)%
Total
$
18,091

 
$
18,588

 
$
(497
)
 
(2.7
)%


28


The following table presents data related to gaming operations (in thousands, except where noted):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Slots:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Handle
$
1,802,424

 
$
1,795,730

 
$
6,694

 
0.4
 %
Gross revenues
$
145,164

 
$
148,181

 
$
(3,017
)
 
(2.0
)%
Net revenues
$
139,723

 
$
141,935

 
$
(2,212
)
 
(1.6
)%
Free promotional slot plays (1)
$
16,228

 
$
14,566

 
$
1,662

 
11.4
 %
Weighted average number of machines (in units)
4,879

 
5,096

 
(217
)
 
(4.3
)%
Hold percentage (gross)
8.1
%
 
8.3
%
 
(0.2
)%
 
(2.4
)%
Win per unit per day (gross) (in dollars)
$
323

 
$
316

 
$
7

 
2.2
 %
Table games:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Drop
$
492,106

 
$
515,285

 
$
(23,179
)
 
(4.5
)%
Revenues
$
83,956

 
$
77,198

 
$
6,758

 
8.8
 %
Weighted average number of games (in units)
276

 
273

 
3

 
1.1
 %
Hold percentage (2)
17.1
%
 
15.0
%
 
2.1
 %
 
14.0
 %
Win per unit per day (in dollars)
$
3,307

 
$
3,072

 
$
235

 
7.6
 %
Poker:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
2,243

 
$
2,167

 
$
76

 
3.5
 %
Weighted average number of tables (in units)
42

 
42

 

 

Revenue per unit per day (in dollars)
$
580

 
$
561

 
$
19

 
3.4
 %
_________
(1)
Free promotional slot plays are included in slot handle, but not reflected in slot revenues.
(2)
Table game hold percentage is relatively predictable over longer periods of time, but can significantly fluctuate over shorter periods.

The growth in gaming revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily resulted from increased table game revenues which benefited from higher year-over-year hold percentage. The overall growth in gaming revenues for the period was somewhat impacted by a difficult comparison due to Mohegan Sun’s 20th anniversary festivities which drove higher than normal business volumes during the month of October 2016.
The following table presents data related to food and beverage operations (in thousands, except where noted):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Meals served
758

 
702

 
56

 
8.0
 %
Average price per meal served (in dollars)
$
15.77

 
$
16.22

 
$
(0.45
)
 
(2.8
)%

Food and beverage revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year increased primarily as a result of the increase in meals served. The increase in meals served was driven, in part, by the conversion of a third-party operated food and beverage outlet to a Mohegan Sun-owned food and beverage outlet in June 2017. The overall growth in food and beverage revenues for the period was somewhat impacted by a difficult comparison due to Mohegan Sun’s 20th anniversary festivities which drove higher than normal business volumes during the month of October 2016.
The following table presents data related to hotel operations (in thousands, except where noted): 
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Rooms occupied
133

 
122

 
11

 
9.0
 %
Occupancy rate
92.7
%
 
96.4
%
 
(3.7
)%
 
(3.8
)%
Average daily room rate (in dollars)
$
99

 
$
105

 
$
(6
)
 
(5.7
)%
Revenue per available room (in dollars)
$
92

 
$
102

 
$
(10
)
 
(9.8
)%

The growth in hotel revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year was primarily due to a full period of operations of the 400-room Earth Hotel Tower, which opened on November 10, 2016.

29


The overall growth in hotel revenues for the period was somewhat impacted by a difficult comparison due to Mohegan Sun’s 20th anniversary festivities which drove higher than normal transient business during the month of October 2016.
The following table presents data related to entertainment operations (in thousands, except where noted):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Arena events (in events)
29

 
30

 
(1
)
 
(3.3
)%
Arena tickets
166

 
209

 
(43
)
 
(20.6
)%
Average price per arena ticket (in dollars)
$
60.47

 
$
58.70

 
$
1.77

 
3.0
 %

Retail, entertainment and other revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year declined primarily as a result of lower entertainment revenues driven, in part, by a difficult comparison due to Mohegan Sun’s 20th anniversary festivities which included a strong entertainment calendar during the month of October 2016.
Operating Costs and Expenses
Operating costs and expenses consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Gaming
$
120,309

 
$
122,952

 
$
(2,643
)
 
(2.1
)%
Food and beverage
8,729

 
8,469

 
260

 
3.1
 %
Hotel (1)
6,472

 
5,657

 
815

 
14.4
 %
Retail, entertainment and other
11,494

 
14,915

 
(3,421
)
 
(22.9
)%
Advertising, general and administrative
42,712

 
42,245

 
467

 
1.1
 %
Depreciation and amortization
16,844

 
15,141

 
1,703

 
11.2
 %
(Gain) loss on disposition of assets
(96
)
 
20

 
(116
)
 
N.M.

Pre-opening
80

 
455

 
(375
)
 
(82.4
)%
Total
$
206,544

 
$
209,854

 
$
(3,310
)
 
(1.6
)%
_________
(1)
The 400-room Earth Hotel Tower opened on November 10, 2016.
N.M. - Not meaningful.

The decline in gaming costs and expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year was primarily driven by lower promotional expenses due to certain one-time expenditures in the prior period related to Mohegan Sun’s 20th anniversary festivities during the month of October 2016. The decline in gaming costs and expenses also resulted from lower costs related to Momentum Dollar redemptions at Mohegan Sun-owned outlets and lower combined slot win and free promotional slot play contribution expenses commensurate with the decrease in slot revenues. Expenses associated with the combined slot win and free promotional slot play contributions totaled $36.5 million and $37.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Gaming costs and expenses as a percentage of gaming revenues were 53.1% and 55.3% for the three months ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Food and beverage costs and expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year increased primarily as a result of higher cost of goods sold commensurate with the increase in food and beverage revenues.
The increase in hotel costs and expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year was primarily driven by additional costs and expenses, including lease expenses, associated with a full period of operations of the 400-room Earth Hotel Tower which is subleased from an instrumentality of the Tribe. These results were partially offset by higher amounts of hotel complimentaries related costs being allocated to gaming costs and expenses.
Retail, entertainment and other costs and expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year declined primarily as a result of lower direct entertainment costs due to higher than normal expenditures in the prior period driven by Mohegan Sun’s 20th anniversary festivities during the month of October 2016. These results were partially offset by lower amounts of retail, entertainment and other complimentaries related costs being allocated to gaming costs and expenses.

30


Advertising, general and administrative costs and expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year were relatively flat reflecting higher costs related to payroll, utilities and governmental services, partially offset by lower costs related to insurance and consulting services.
Mohegan Sun Pocono
Revenues
Revenues consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Gaming
$
60,260

 
$
62,895

 
$
(2,635
)
 
(4.2
)%
Food and beverage
5,518

 
6,933

 
(1,415
)
 
(20.4
)%
Hotel
1,250

 
1,361

 
(111
)
 
(8.2
)%
Retail, entertainment and other
1,928

 
2,427

 
(499
)
 
(20.6
)%
Gross revenues
68,956

 
73,616

 
(4,660
)
 
(6.3
)%
Less-Promotional allowances
4,152

 
5,198

 
(1,046
)
 
(20.1
)%
Net revenues
$
64,804

 
$
68,418

 
$
(3,614
)
 
(5.3
)%
The following table summarizes the percentage of gross revenues from each of the four revenue sources:
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Gaming
87.4
%
 
85.4
%
Food and beverage
8.0
%
 
9.4
%
Hotel
1.8
%
 
1.9
%
Retail, entertainment and other
2.8
%
 
3.3
%
Total
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
Promotional Allowances
The retail value of promotional allowances was included in gross revenues as follows (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Food and beverage
$
3,316

 
$
4,077

 
$
(761
)
 
(18.7
)%
Hotel
365

 
448

 
(83
)
 
(18.5
)%
Retail, entertainment and other
471

 
673

 
(202
)
 
(30.0
)%
Total
$
4,152

 
$
5,198

 
$
(1,046
)
 
(20.1
)%

The estimated cost of promotional allowances was included in gaming costs and expenses as follows (in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Food and beverage
$
2,189

 
$
2,644

 
$
(455
)
 
(17.2
)%
Hotel
219

 
264

 
(45
)
 
(17
)%
Retail, entertainment and other
332

 
496

 
(164
)
 
(33.1
)%
Total
$
2,740

 
$
3,404

 
$
(664
)
 
(19.5
)%






31


The following table presents data related to gaming operations (in thousands, except where noted):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Slots:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Handle
$
592,667

 
$
617,579

 
$
(24,912
)
 
(4.0
)%
Gross revenues
$
48,501

 
$
49,645

 
$
(1,144
)
 
(2.3
)%
Net revenues
$
48,474

 
$
49,636

 
$
(1,162
)
 
(2.3
)%
Free promotional slot plays (1)
$
11,393

 
$
10,600

 
$
793

 
7.5
 %
Weighted average number of machines (in units)
2,330

 
2,244

 
86

 
3.8
 %
Hold percentage (gross)
8.2
%
 
8.0
%
 
0.2
 %
 
2.5
 %
Win per unit per day (gross) (in dollars)
$
226

 
$
240

 
$
(14
)
 
(5.8
)%
Table games:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Drop
$
49,098

 
$
51,245

 
$
(2,147
)
 
(4.2
)%
Revenues
$
9,225

 
$
10,564

 
$
(1,339
)
 
(12.7
)%
Weighted average number of games (in units)
73

 
73

 

 

Hold percentage (2)
18.8
%
 
20.6
%
 
(1.8
)%
 
(8.7
)%
Win per unit per day (in dollars)
$
1,374

 
$
1,573

 
$
(199
)
 
(12.7
)%
Poker:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
574

 
$
678

 
$
(104
)
 
(15.3
)%
Weighted average number of tables (in units)
18

 
18

 

 

Revenue per unit per day (in dollars)
$
346

 
$
409

 
$
(63
)
 
(15.4
)%
_________
(1)
Free promotional slot plays are included in slot handle, but not reflected in slot revenues.
(2)
Table games hold percentage is relatively predictable over longer periods of time, but can significantly fluctuate over shorter periods.

The decrease in gaming revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the same period in the prior year primarily resulted from the declines in both slot and table game revenues. The decline in slot revenues was driven by lower volumes, while table game revenues were negatively impacted by lower volumes and hold percentage.
The following table presents data related to food and beverage operations (in thousands, except where noted):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Variance    
 
Percentage
Variance    
Meals served
107