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EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER - VAIL RESORTS INCexhibit3112018-q1.htm
EX-32 - CERTIFICATIONS OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER - VAIL RESORTS INCexhibit322018-q1.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER - VAIL RESORTS INCexhibit3122018-q1.htm
EX-10.1 - VAIL RESORTS, INC. MANAGEMENT INCENTIVE PLAN - VAIL RESORTS INCexhibit101mip2018-q1.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended October 31, 2017
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number: 001-09614
vaila07.jpg
Vail Resorts, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Delaware
 
51-0291762
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
390 Interlocken Crescent
Broomfield, Colorado
 
80021
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(303) 404-1800
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code) 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    ý  Yes    ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    ý  Yes    ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    ¨  Yes    ý  No
As of December 4, 2017, 40,407,160 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.




Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Page
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements (unaudited).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.




Vail Resorts, Inc.
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
October 31, 2017
 
July 31, 2017
 
October 31, 2016
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
140,397

 
$
117,389

 
$
106,751

Restricted cash
 
16,609

 
10,273

 
13,203

Trade receivables, net
 
84,571

 
186,913

 
59,445

Inventories, net
 
108,081

 
84,814

 
112,792

Other current assets
 
46,045

 
33,681

 
40,172

Total current assets
 
395,703

 
433,070

 
332,363

Property, plant and equipment, net (Note 6)
 
1,694,692

 
1,714,154

 
1,699,087

Real estate held for sale and investment
 
102,697

 
103,405

 
116,852

Goodwill, net
 
1,484,335

 
1,519,743

 
1,454,943

Intangible assets, net
 
287,093

 
294,932

 
286,360

Other assets
 
44,096

 
45,414

 
34,514

Total assets
 
$
4,008,616

 
$
4,110,718

 
$
3,924,119

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (Note 6)
 
$
630,467

 
$
467,669

 
$
542,923

Income taxes payable
 
40,707

 
98,491

 
73,739

Long-term debt due within one year (Note 4)
 
38,422

 
38,397

 
38,374

Total current liabilities
 
709,596

 
604,557

 
655,036

Long-term debt, net (Note 4)
 
1,262,325

 
1,234,024

 
1,371,779

Other long-term liabilities (Note 6)
 
290,420

 
301,736

 
272,309

Deferred income taxes
 
136,863

 
171,442

 
98,192

Total liabilities
 
2,399,204

 
2,311,759

 
2,397,316

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)
 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 25,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding
 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000 shares authorized, 45,842, 45,448 and 45,061 shares issued, respectively
 
458

 
454

 
451

Exchangeable shares, $0.01 par value, 61, 69 and 418 shares issued and outstanding, respectively (Note 5)
 
1

 
1

 
4

Additional paid-in capital
 
1,157,547

 
1,222,510

 
1,209,935

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
10,591

 
44,395

 
(19,784
)
Retained earnings
 
479,997

 
550,985

 
394,690

Treasury stock, at cost, 5,436, 5,436, and 5,435 shares, respectively (Note 10)
 
(247,189
)
 
(247,189
)
 
(246,979
)
Total Vail Resorts, Inc. stockholders’ equity
 
1,401,405

 
1,571,156

 
1,338,317

Noncontrolling interests
 
208,007

 
227,803

 
188,486

Total stockholders’ equity
 
1,609,412

 
1,798,959

 
1,526,803

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
4,008,616

 
$
4,110,718

 
$
3,924,119

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.

2



Vail Resorts, Inc.
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Net revenue:
 
 
 
Mountain and Lodging services and other
$
143,348

 
$
114,686

Mountain and Lodging retail and dining
76,866

 
63,483

Resort net revenue
220,214

 
178,169

Real Estate
636

 
96

Total net revenue
220,850

 
178,265

Operating expense (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below):
 
 
 
Mountain and Lodging operating expense
181,276

 
152,645

Mountain and Lodging retail and dining cost of products sold
35,679

 
28,940

General and administrative
57,863

 
50,748

Resort operating expense
274,818

 
232,333

Real Estate
1,691

 
1,485

Total segment operating expense
276,509

 
233,818

Other operating (expense) income:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
(48,624
)
 
(40,581
)
Gain on sale of real property

 
6,466

Change in estimated fair value of contingent consideration (Note 7)

 
(300
)
Gain (loss) on disposal of fixed assets, net
567

 
(550
)
Loss from operations
(103,716
)
 
(90,518
)
Mountain equity investment income, net
522

 
832

Investment income and other, net
383

 
4,523

Foreign currency loss on intercompany loans (Note 4)
(7,346
)
 

Interest expense, net
(15,174
)
 
(11,964
)
Loss before benefit from income taxes
(125,331
)
 
(97,127
)
Benefit from income taxes
93,404

 
33,509

Net loss
(31,927
)
 
(63,618
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
3,542

 
1,031

Net loss attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
$
(28,385
)
 
$
(62,587
)
Per share amounts (Note 3):
 
 
 
Basic net loss per share attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
$
(0.71
)
 
$
(1.70
)
Diluted net loss per share attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
$
(0.71
)
 
$
(1.70
)
Cash dividends declared per share
$
1.053

 
$
0.81

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.



3




Vail Resorts, Inc.
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Net loss
 
$
(31,927
)
 
$
(63,618
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
 
(45,405
)
 
(24,412
)
Comprehensive loss
 
(77,332
)
 
(88,030
)
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
15,143

 
7,209

Comprehensive loss attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
 
$
(62,189
)
 
$
(80,821
)
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.


4



Vail Resorts, Inc.
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Common Stock
Additional Paid in Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Retained Earnings
Treasury Stock
Total Vail Resorts, Inc. Stockholders’ Equity
Noncontrolling Interests
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
Vail Resorts
Exchangeable
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, July 31, 2016
$
416

$

$
635,986

$
(1,550
)
$
486,667

$
(246,979
)
$
874,540

$
13,926

$
888,466

Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss




(62,587
)

(62,587
)
(1,031
)
(63,618
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax



(18,234
)


(18,234
)
(6,178
)
(24,412
)
Total comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
(80,821
)
(7,209
)
(88,030
)
Stock-based compensation expense


4,577




4,577


4,577

Shares issued for acquisition (Note 5)
33

4

574,608




574,645


574,645

Issuance of shares under share award plans, net of shares withheld for taxes
2


(11,526
)



(11,524
)

(11,524
)
Tax benefit from share award plans


6,290




6,290


6,290

Dividends (Note 3)




(29,390
)

(29,390
)

(29,390
)
Acquisition of noncontrolling interest (Note 5)







181,818

181,818

Distributions to noncontrolling interests, net







(49
)
(49
)
Balance, October 31, 2016
$
451

$
4

$
1,209,935

$
(19,784
)
$
394,690

$
(246,979
)
$
1,338,317

$
188,486

$
1,526,803

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, July 31, 2017
$
454

$
1

$
1,222,510

$
44,395

$
550,985

$
(247,189
)
$
1,571,156

$
227,803

$
1,798,959

Comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss




(28,385
)

(28,385
)
(3,542
)
(31,927
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax



(33,804
)


(33,804
)
(11,601
)
(45,405
)
Total comprehensive loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
(62,189
)
(15,143
)
(77,332
)
Stock-based compensation expense


4,521




4,521


4,521

Measurement period adjustment (Note 5)







(1,776
)
(1,776
)
Issuance of shares under share award plans, net of shares withheld for taxes
4


(69,484
)



(69,480
)

(69,480
)
Dividends (Note 3)




(42,603
)

(42,603
)

(42,603
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests, net







(2,877
)
(2,877
)
Balance, October 31, 2017
$
458

$
1

$
1,157,547

$
10,591

$
479,997

$
(247,189
)
$
1,401,405

$
208,007

$
1,609,412

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.

5



Vail Resorts, Inc.
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(31,927
)
 
$
(63,618
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
48,624

 
40,581

Stock-based compensation expense
 
4,521

 
4,577

Deferred income taxes, net
 
(41,600
)
 
(33,509
)
Gain on sale of real property
 

 
(6,466
)
Other non-cash income, net
 
4,885

 
(5,879
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Restricted cash
 
(6,654
)
 
(1,111
)
Trade receivables, net
 
101,642

 
90,431

Inventories, net
 
(23,208
)
 
(22,490
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
(7,543
)
 
(25,925
)
Deferred revenue
 
167,752

 
112,130

Income taxes payable - excess tax benefit from share award exercises
 
(51,804
)
 
(6,290
)
Income taxes payable - other
 
(5,603
)
 
(18,115
)
Other assets and liabilities, net
 
(10,332
)
 
(7,289
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
148,753

 
57,027

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(37,449
)
 
(46,043
)
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
 
(1,356
)
 
(512,348
)
Cash received from the sale of real property
 

 
7,692

Other investing activities, net
 
5,153

 
538

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(33,652
)
 
(550,161
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 
Proceeds from borrowings under Vail Holdings Credit Agreement
 
95,000

 
619,375

Proceeds from borrowings under Whistler Credit Agreement
 
11,920

 

Repayments of borrowings under Vail Holdings Credit Agreement
 
(59,375
)
 
(50,000
)
Repayments of borrowings under Whistler Credit Agreement
 
(17,081
)
 

Employee taxes paid for share award exercises
 
(69,480
)
 
(11,524
)
Dividends paid
 
(42,603
)
 
(29,390
)
Other financing activities, net
 
(6,989
)
 
3,456

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(88,608
)
 
531,917

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(3,485
)
 
71

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
23,008

 
38,854

Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
Beginning of period
 
117,389

 
67,897

End of period
 
$
140,397

 
$
106,751

 
 
 
 
 
Non-cash investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Accrued capital expenditures
 
$
25,314

 
$
17,546

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements.

6



Vail Resorts, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
 

1.
Organization and Business
Vail Resorts, Inc. (“Vail Resorts”) is organized as a holding company and operates through various subsidiaries. Vail Resorts and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) operate in three business segments: Mountain, Lodging and Real Estate. The Company refers to “Resort” as the combination of the Mountain and Lodging segments.

In the Mountain segment, the Company operates eleven world-class mountain resort properties and three urban ski areas including:
Mountain Resorts:
 
Location:
1.
Vail Mountain Resort (“Vail Mountain”)
 
Colorado
2.
Breckenridge Ski Resort (“Breckenridge”)
 
Colorado
3.
Keystone Resort (“Keystone”)
 
Colorado
4.
Beaver Creek Resort (“Beaver Creek”)
 
Colorado
5.
Park City Resort (“Park City”)
 
Utah
6.
Heavenly Mountain Resort (“Heavenly”)
 
Lake Tahoe area of Nevada and California
7.
Northstar Resort (“Northstar”)
 
Lake Tahoe area of California
8.
Kirkwood Mountain Resort (“Kirkwood”)
 
Lake Tahoe area of California
9.
Perisher Ski Resort (“Perisher”)
 
New South Wales, Australia
10.
Whistler Blackcomb Resort (“Whistler Blackcomb”)
 
British Columbia, Canada
11.
Stowe Mountain Resort (“Stowe”)
 
Vermont
Urban Ski Areas (“Urban”):
 
Location:
1.
Wilmot Mountain (“Wilmot”)
 
Wisconsin
2.
Afton Alps Ski Area (“Afton Alps”)
 
Minnesota
3.
Mount Brighton Ski Area (“Mt. Brighton”)
 
Michigan

Additionally, the Mountain segment includes ancillary services, primarily including ski school, dining and retail/rental operations, and for Perisher including lodging and transportation operations. The resorts located in the United States (“U.S.”), except for Northstar, Park City, Stowe and the Urban ski areas, operate primarily on federal land under the terms of Special Use Permits granted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. The operations of Whistler Blackcomb are conducted on land owned by the government of the Province of British Columbia, Canada within the traditional territory of the Squamish and Lil’wat Nations. The operations of Perisher are conducted pursuant to a long-term lease and license on land owned by the government of New South Wales, Australia. Stowe operates on land owned by the Company as well as land it leases from the State of Vermont.

In the Lodging segment, the Company owns and/or manages a collection of luxury hotels and condominiums under its RockResorts brand, as well as other strategic lodging properties and a large number of condominiums located in proximity to the Company’s North American mountain resorts, National Park Service (“NPS”) concessionaire properties including the Grand Teton Lodge Company (“GTLC”), which operates destination resorts in Grand Teton National Park, Colorado Mountain Express (“CME”), a Colorado resort ground transportation company, and mountain resort golf courses.

Vail Resorts Development Company (“VRDC”), a wholly-owned subsidiary, conducts the operations of the Company’s Real Estate segment, which owns, develops and sells real estate in and around the Company’s resort communities.

The Company’s mountain business and its lodging properties at or around the Company’s mountain resorts are seasonal in nature with peak operating seasons primarily from mid-November through mid-April in North America. The Company’s operating season at Perisher, its NPS concessionaire properties and its golf courses generally occur from June to early October.


7



2.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements— In the opinion of the Company, the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements reflect all adjustments necessary to state fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. Results for interim periods are not indicative of the results for the entire fiscal year, particularly given the significant seasonality to the Company’s operating cycle. The accompanying Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2017. Certain information and footnote disclosures, including significant accounting policies, normally included in fiscal year financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. The Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet as of July 31, 2017 was derived from audited financial statements.

The Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations for the three months ended October 31, 2016 has been revised to separately disclose revenues and costs from retail and dining operations, as well as general and administrative costs. Retail and dining revenues were previously included within Mountain and Lodging revenues, and the related costs were previously included in Mountain and Lodging operating costs. Management considers the change in presentation of its Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations to be immaterial to the period presented. There is no change to previously reported total net revenue, operating expense, loss from operations, net loss attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc., per share amounts or segment results.

Use of Estimates— The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the balance sheet date and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Fair Value Instruments— The recorded amounts for cash and cash equivalents, receivables, other current assets, and accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate fair value due to their short-term nature. The fair value of amounts outstanding under the Vail Holdings Credit Agreement revolver and term loan, Whistler Credit Agreement revolver and the Employee Housing Bonds (all as defined in Note 4, Long-Term Debt) approximate book value due to the variable nature of the interest rate, which is a market rate, associated with the debt.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards
Adopted Standards
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, “Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.” The new guidance requires companies to record all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies as income tax expense or benefit in the income statement when the awards vest or are settled, as applicable, rather than within additional paid in capital which was required under the previous guidance. The guidance also requires companies to present excess tax benefits as an operating activity and cash paid to a taxing authority to satisfy employee statutory withholding as a financing activity on the statement of cash flows. Additionally, the guidance allows companies to make a policy election to account for forfeitures either upon occurrence or by estimating forfeitures. The Company adopted this standard on August 1, 2017, and will prospectively record excess tax benefits and deficiencies within the provision or benefit for income taxes on its Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations when stock-based compensation awards vest or are exercised. The Company expects this will increase volatility of the provision or benefit for income taxes as the amount of excess tax benefits or deficiencies from stock-based compensation awards are dependent on the Company’s stock price at the date the awards vest or are exercised. As a result of adopting this provision of the standard, the Company recorded $51.8 million of excess tax benefits within benefit from income taxes on its Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations for the three months ended October 31, 2017 (or $1.29 per diluted share) resulting from vesting and exercises of equity awards during the quarter. As of August 1, 2017, the Company prospectively presented excess tax benefits as operating activities on its Consolidated Condensed Statement of Cash Flows for the three months ended October 31, 2017. Additionally, the Company has elected to record actual forfeitures for recording stock-based compensation expense when they occur, rather than estimate expected forfeitures, which did not have a material impact to the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations for the three months ended October 31, 2017. In accordance with the disclosure provisions of the new guidance, the Company retrospectively adopted the new presentation. Cash paid to taxing authorities on an employee’s behalf was changed to be classified as a financing activity in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows, which resulted in a $11.5 million decrease to cash provided by financing activities with a corresponding increase to cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended October 31, 2016, as shown below (in thousands).

8



 
Three Months Ended October 31, 2016
 
Previously Reported (Previous Guidance)
 
Tax Payments Change
 
Revised Reported (New Guidance)
Cash flows provided by operating activities
$
45,503

 
$
11,524

 
$
57,027

Cash flows used in investing activities (no change)
(550,161
)
 

 
(550,161
)
Cash flows provided by financing activities
543,441

 
(11,524
)
 
531,917

Effect of exchange rate changes (no change)
71

 

 
71

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
$
38,854

 
$

 
$
38,854


Standards Being Evaluated
The authoritative guidance listed below is currently being evaluated for its impact to Company policies upon adoption as well as any significant implementation matters yet to be addressed.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification 605, “Revenue Recognition.” This ASU is based on the principle that revenue is recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. Subsequent to the issuance of ASU 2014-09, the FASB has issued several amendments, which do not change the core principle of the guidance and are intended to clarify and improve understanding of certain topics included within the revenue standard. This standard will be effective for the first interim period within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 (the Company’s first quarter of fiscal 2019), using one of two retrospective application methods. The Company will not early adopt this standard and is evaluating the impacts, if any, the adoption of this accounting standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations and cash flows and related disclosures and is determining the appropriate transition method.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which supersedes “Leases (Topic 840).” The standard requires lessees to recognize the assets and liabilities arising from all leases, including those classified as operating leases under previous accounting guidance, on the balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The standard also allows for an accounting policy election not to recognize on the balance sheet lease assets and liabilities for leases with a term of 12 months or less. Under the new guidance, lessees will be required to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use asset on their balance sheets, while lessor accounting will be largely unchanged. The standard will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those years (the Company’s first quarter of fiscal 2020), and must be applied using a modified retrospective transition approach to leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impacts the adoption of this accounting standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations and cash flows and related disclosures. Additionally, the Company is evaluating the impacts of the standard beyond accounting, including system, data and process changes required to comply with the standard.

3.
Net Loss per Share
Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) excludes dilution and is computed by dividing net loss attributable to Vail Resorts stockholders by the weighted-average shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised, resulting in the issuance of shares of common stock that would then share in the earnings of Vail Resorts.

In connection with the Company’s acquisition of Whistler Blackcomb in October 2016 (see Note 5, Acquisitions), the Company issued consideration in the form of shares of Vail Resorts common stock (the “Vail Shares”) and shares of the Company’s wholly-owned Canadian subsidiary (“Exchangeco”). Whistler Blackcomb shareholders elected to receive 3,327,719 Vail Shares and 418,095 shares of Exchangeco (the “Exchangeco Shares”). Both Vail Shares and Exchangeco Shares have a par value of $0.01 per share, and Exchangeco Shares, while outstanding, are substantially the economic equivalent of Vail Shares and are exchangeable, at any time prior to the seventh anniversary of the closing of the acquisition, into Vail Shares. The Company’s calculation of weighted-average shares outstanding includes the Exchangeco Shares.

9




Presented below is basic and diluted EPS for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
Basic
 
Diluted
 
Basic
 
Diluted
Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Vail Resorts
 
$
(28,385
)
 
$
(28,385
)
 
$
(62,587
)
 
$
(62,587
)
Weighted-average Vail Shares outstanding
 
40,147

 
40,147

 
36,766

 
36,766

Weighted-average Exchangeco Shares outstanding
 
64

 
64

 
68

 
68

Total Weighted-average shares outstanding
 
40,211

 
40,211

 
36,834

 
36,834

Effect of dilutive securities
 

 

 

 

Total shares
 
40,211

 
40,211

 
36,834

 
36,834

Net loss per share attributable to Vail Resorts
 
$
(0.71
)
 
$
(0.71
)
 
$
(1.70
)
 
$
(1.70
)

The Company computes the effect of dilutive securities using the treasury stock method and average market prices during the period. The number of shares issuable upon the exercise of share based awards excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive totaled approximately 1.3 million and 1.7 million for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Dividends

The Company paid cash dividends of $1.053 and $0.81 per share ($42.6 million and $29.4 million in the aggregate) during the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. On December 6, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $1.053 per share, for Vail Shares, payable on January 10, 2018 to stockholders of record as of December 27, 2017. Additionally, a Canadian dollar equivalent dividend on the Exchangeco Shares will be payable on January 10, 2018 to the shareholders of record on December 27, 2017.

4.
Long-Term Debt
Long-term debt, net as of October 31, 2017July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016 is summarized as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Maturity
 
October 31, 2017
 
July 31, 2017
 
October 31, 2016
Vail Holdings Credit Agreement term loan (a)
 
2021
 
$
712,500

 
$
721,875

 
$
750,000

Vail Holdings Credit Agreement revolver (a)
 
2021
 
95,000

 
50,000

 
135,000

Whistler Credit Agreement revolver (b)
 
2022
 
104,625

 
113,119

 
142,103

Employee housing bonds
 
2027-2039
 
52,575

 
52,575

 
52,575

Canyons obligation
 
2063
 
330,217

 
328,786

 
324,521

Other
 
2024-2028
 
9,743

 
10,166

 
10,617

Total debt
 
 
 
1,304,660

 
1,276,521

 
1,414,816

Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
3,913

 
4,100

 
4,663

Less: Current maturities (c)
 
 
 
38,422

 
38,397

 
38,374

Long-term debt, net
 
 
 
$
1,262,325

 
$
1,234,024


$
1,371,779


(a)
On October 14, 2016, in order to finance the cash portion of the consideration and payment of associated fees and expenses of the Whistler Blackcomb acquisition (see Note 5, Acquisitions), the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, Vail Holdings, Inc. (“VHI”), entered into the Second Amendment to the Seventh Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of May 1, 2015 (the “Vail Holdings Credit Agreement”), with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, and other lenders named therein, through which these lenders provided an additional $509.4 million in incremental term loans and agreed, on behalf of all lenders, to extend the maturity date for the outstanding term loans and revolver facility under the Vail Holdings Credit Agreement to October 14, 2021 (the “Amendment”). The Vail Holdings Credit Agreement consists of a $400.0 million revolving credit facility and a $750.0 million term loan facility. The other material terms of the Vail

10



Holdings Credit Agreement were not altered by the Amendment. Borrowings under the Vail Holdings Credit Agreement, including the term loan facility, bear interest annually at the rate of LIBOR plus 1.25% (2.49%, as of October 31, 2017), and interest payments are due monthly. Additionally, the term loan facility is subject to quarterly principal payments of approximately $9.4 million, which began on January 31, 2017. Final payment of the remaining principal outstanding plus accrued and unpaid interest is due upon maturity in October 2021. The Vail Holdings Credit Agreement provides for affirmative and negative covenants that restrict, among other things, the Company’s ability to incur indebtedness, dispose of assets, make capital expenditures, make distributions and make investments.
(b)
The WB Partnerships (as defined in Note 5, Acquisitions) are party to a credit agreement, dated as of November 12, 2013 (as amended, the “Whistler Credit Agreement”), by and among Whistler Mountain Resort Limited Partnership (“Whistler LP”), Blackcomb Skiing Enterprises Limited Partnership (“Blackcomb LP”), certain subsidiaries of Whistler LP and Blackcomb LP party thereto as guarantors (the “Whistler Subsidiary Guarantors”), the financial institutions party thereto as lenders and The Toronto-Dominion Bank, as administrative agent.  The Whistler Credit Agreement consists of a C$300.0 million revolving credit facility, and during the three months ended October 31, 2017, the Company exercised its right under the Whistler Credit Agreement, with the consent of the lender parties thereto, to extend the maturity date for the Whistler Credit Agreement from November 12, 2021 to November 12, 2022. No other terms of the Whistler Credit agreement were altered. The WB Partnerships’ obligations under the Whistler Credit Agreement are guaranteed by the Whistler Subsidiary Guarantors and are collateralized by a pledge of the capital stock of the Whistler Subsidiary Guarantors and a pledge of substantially all of the assets of Whistler LP, Blackcomb LP and the Whistler Subsidiary Guarantors. In addition, pursuant to the terms of the Whistler Credit Agreement, the WB Partnerships have the ability to increase the commitment amount by up to C$75.0 million subject to lender approval. Borrowings under the Whistler Credit Agreement are available in Canadian or U.S. dollars and bear interest annually, subject to an applicable margin based on the WB Partnerships’ Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Whistler Credit Agreement), with pricing as of October 31, 2017, in the case of borrowings (i) in Canadian dollars, at the WB Partnerships’ option, either (a) at the Canadian Prime Rate plus 0.75% per annum or (b) by way of the issuance of bankers’ acceptances plus 1.75% per annum; and (ii) in U.S. dollars, at the WB Partnerships option, either at (a) the U.S. Base Rate plus 0.75% per annum or (b) Bankers Acceptance Rate plus 1.75% per annum. As of October 31, 2017 all borrowings under the Whistler Credit Agreement were made in Canadian dollars and by way of the issuance of bankers’ acceptances plus 1.75% (approximately 3.11%). The Whistler Credit Agreement also includes a quarterly unused commitment fee based on the Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio, which as of October 31, 2017 is equal to 0.3937% per annum. The Whistler Credit Agreement provides for affirmative and negative covenants that restrict, among other things, the WB Partnerships’ ability to incur indebtedness and liens, dispose of assets, make capital expenditures, make distributions and make investments. In addition, the Whistler Credit Agreement includes the restrictive financial covenants (leverage ratios and interest coverage ratios) customary for facilities of this type.
(c)
Current maturities represent principal payments due in the next 12 months.

Aggregate maturities of debt outstanding as of October 31, 2017 reflected by fiscal year (August 1 through July 31) are as follows (in thousands):
 
Total
2018 (November 2017 through July 2018)
$
28,599

2019
38,455

2020
38,516

2021
38,580

2022
772,648

Thereafter
387,862

Total debt
$
1,304,660


The Company recorded gross interest expense of $15.2 million and $12.0 million for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, of which $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively, were amortization of deferred financing costs. The Company was in compliance with all of its financial and operating covenants required to be maintained under its debt instruments for all periods presented.

In connection with the acquisition of Whistler Blackcomb, VHI funded a portion of the purchase price through an intercompany loan to Whistler Blackcomb of $210.0 million, which was effective as of November 1, 2016, and requires foreign currency remeasurement to Canadian dollars, the functional currency for Whistler Blackcomb. As a result, foreign currency fluctuations associated with the loan are recorded within the Company’s results of operations. The Company recognized approximately $7.3

11



million in foreign currency loss on the intercompany loan to Whistler Blackcomb for the three months ended October 31, 2017 on the Company’s Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations.

5.
Acquisitions
Stowe
On June 7, 2017, the Company, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, acquired Stowe Mountain Resort in Stowe, Vermont, from Mt. Mansfield Company, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of American International Group, Inc., for total cash consideration of $40.7 million. The Company acquired all of the assets related to the mountain operations of the resort, including base area skier services (food and beverage, retail and rental, lift ticket offices and ski and snowboard school facilities). The purchase price was allocated to identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired based on their estimated fair values at the acquisition date. The Company has completed its preliminary purchase price allocation and has recorded $39.1 million in property, plant and equipment; $3.0 million in intangible assets; $2.3 million in other assets; and $3.7 million of assumed liabilities on the date of acquisition. The operating results of Stowe are reported within the Mountain segment.

Whistler Blackcomb

On October 17, 2016, the Company, through Exchangeco, acquired all of the outstanding common shares of Whistler Blackcomb, for aggregate purchase consideration paid to Whistler Blackcomb shareholders of $1.09 billion. The consideration paid consisted of (i) approximately C$673.8 million ($512.6 million) in cash (or C$17.50 per Whistler Blackcomb share), (ii) 3,327,719 Vail Shares and (iii) 418,095 Exchangeco Shares. Each Exchangeco Share is exchangeable by the holder thereof for one Vail Share (subject to customary adjustments for stock splits or other reorganizations). In addition, the Company may require all outstanding Exchangeco Shares to be exchanged into an equal number of Vail Shares upon the occurrence of certain events and at any time following the seventh anniversary of the closing of the acquisition. While outstanding, holders of Exchangeco Shares are entitled to cast votes on matters for which holders of Vail Shares are entitled to vote and are entitled to receive dividends economically equivalent to the dividends declared by the Company with respect to the Vail Shares.
 
Whistler Blackcomb owns a 75% interest in each of Whistler LP and Blackcomb LP (the “WB Partnerships”), which together operate Whistler Blackcomb Resort, a year round mountain resort in British Columbia, Canada with a comprehensive offering of recreational activities, including both snow sports and summer activities. The remaining 25% limited partnership interest in each of the WB Partnerships is owned by Nippon Cable Co. Ltd. (“Nippon Cable”), an unrelated party to the Company. The WB Partnerships hold land leases and rights-of-way under long-term agreements with the government of the province of British Columbia, Canada within the traditional territory of the Squamish and Lil’wat Nations, which provide for the use of land at Whistler Mountain and Blackcomb Mountain.

The Company executed forward contracts for the underlying Canadian dollar cash consideration to economically hedge the risk associated with the U.S. dollar to Canadian dollar exchange rates. The Company’s total cost was $509.2 million to accumulate C$673.8 million which was required for the cash component of the purchase consideration. The estimated fair value of the Canadian dollars was approximately $512.6 million upon settlement. Accordingly, the Company realized a gain of $3.4 million on foreign currency exchange rate changes during the three months ended October 31, 2016. The gain on foreign currency is a separate transaction as it primarily benefited the Company and therefore the Company recorded this gain within Investment income and other, net in its Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations. The estimated fair value of $512.6 million is considered the cash component of the purchase consideration.

The Company held shares of Whistler Blackcomb common stock prior to the acquisition and, as such, the acquisition-date estimated fair value of this previously held investment was a component of the purchase consideration. Based on the acquisition-date estimated fair value of this investment of $4.3 million, the Company recorded a gain of $0.8 million within Investment income and other, net in its Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations during the three months ended October 31, 2016.

Nippon Cable’s 25% limited partnership interest is a noncontrolling economic interest containing certain protective rights and no ability to participate in the day to day operations of the WB Partnerships. The WB Partnership agreements provide that distributions made out of the partnerships be made on the basis of 75% to Whistler Blackcomb and 25% to Nippon Cable. In addition, based upon the terms of the WB Partnership agreements, the annual distribution rights are non-transferable and transfer of the limited partnership interest is limited to Nippon Cable’s entire interest. Accordingly, the estimate of fair value associated with the noncontrolling interest at the date of acquisition has been determined based on expected underlying cash flows of the WB Partnerships discounted at a rate commensurate with a market participant’s expected rate of return for an equity instrument with these associated restrictions.

12




The following summarizes the purchase consideration and the estimated fair values of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date the transaction was effective (in thousands, except exchange ratio and share price):
(in thousands, except exchange ratio and share price amounts)
 
Acquisition Date Estimated Fair Value
Total Whistler Blackcomb shares acquired
 
38,500

Exchange ratio as of October 14, 2016
 
0.097294

Total Vail Shares issued to Whistler Blackcomb shareholders
 
3,746

Vail Resorts closing share price on October 14, 2016
 
$
153.41

Total value of Vail Shares issued
 
$
574,645

Total cash consideration paid at C$17.50 ($13.31 on October 17, 2016) per Whistler Blackcomb share
 
512,558

Total purchase consideration to Whistler Blackcomb shareholders
 
1,087,203

Estimated fair value of previously held investment in Whistler Blackcomb
 
4,308

Estimated fair value of Nippon Cable’s 25% interest in Whistler Blackcomb
 
180,803

Total estimated purchase consideration
 
$
1,272,314

 
 
 
Allocation of total estimated purchase consideration:
 
 
Estimated fair values of assets acquired:
 
 
Current assets
 
$
36,820

Property, plant and equipment
 
332,609

Real estate held for sale and investment
 
8,216

Goodwill
 
956,459

Identifiable intangibles
 
150,681

Deferred income taxes, net
 
7,992

Other assets
 
1,973

Current liabilities
 
(74,358
)
Assumed long-term debt
 
(144,922
)
Other long-term liabilities
 
(3,156
)
Net assets acquired
 
$
1,272,314


During the three months ended October 31, 2017, the Company recorded adjustments in the measurement period to its purchase price allocation which decreased the estimated fair value of noncontrolling interest and season pass holder relationships intangible asset with a corresponding net decrease to goodwill.

The estimated fair values of definite-lived and indefinite-lived identifiable intangible assets were determined using significant estimates and assumptions. The estimated fair value and estimated useful lives of identifiable intangible assets, where applicable, are as follows.

 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Weighted Average Amortization Period
 
($ in thousands)
 
(in years) (1)
Trademarks and trade names
$
139,977

 
n/a
Season pass holder relationships
6,596

 
5
Property management contracts
4,108

 
n/a
Total acquired identifiable intangible assets
$
150,681

 
 
(1) Trademarks and trade names and property management contracts are indefinite-lived intangible assets.

The excess of the purchase consideration over the aggregate estimated fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed was recorded as goodwill. The goodwill recognized is attributable primarily to expected cost efficiencies from the elimination of certain public company costs as well as other select areas of general and administrative functions, synergies (including utilization of the Company’s yield management strategies at Whistler Blackcomb and increased season pass sales and visitation across the Company’s resort portfolio) the assembled workforce of Whistler Blackcomb and other factors. The goodwill is not expected to be deductible for income tax purposes. The operating results of Whistler Blackcomb, which are primarily recorded in the Mountain segment,

13



contributed $0.6 million of net revenue for the three months ended October 31, 2016, prospectively from the acquisition date (acquired on October 17, 2016). The Company recognized $2.6 million of transaction related expenses in Mountain operating expense in the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations for the three months ended October 31, 2016.
Whistler Blackcomb Pro Forma Financial Information

The following presents the unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information of the Company as if the acquisition of Whistler Blackcomb was completed on August 1, 2015. The following unaudited pro forma financial information includes adjustments for (i) depreciation on acquired property, plant and equipment; (ii) amortization of intangible assets recorded at the date of the transactions; (iii) transaction and business integration related costs; (iv) interest expense associated with financing the cash portion of the transaction; and (v) total weighted average shares outstanding related to the acquisition; and excludes the impact of the intercompany loan. This unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and does not purport to be indicative of the results of future operations or the results that would have occurred had the transaction taken place on August 1, 2015 (in thousands, except per share amounts).
 
Three Months Ended October 31, 2016
Pro forma net revenue
$
200,929

Pro forma net loss attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
$
(67,678
)
Pro forma basic net loss per share attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
$
(1.69
)
Pro forma diluted net loss per share attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
$
(1.69
)

6.
Supplementary Balance Sheet Information
The composition of property, plant and equipment follows (in thousands):
 
 
October 31, 2017
 
July 31, 2017
 
October 31, 2016
Land and land improvements
 
$
550,627

 
$
553,655

 
$
530,634

Buildings and building improvements
 
1,186,731

 
1,210,864

 
1,157,546

Machinery and equipment
 
985,639

 
987,080

 
954,722

Furniture and fixtures
 
284,815

 
280,292

 
291,141

Software
 
111,440

 
108,048

 
106,901

Vehicles
 
59,600

 
59,596

 
64,344

Construction in progress
 
77,512

 
49,359

 
82,895

Gross property, plant and equipment
 
3,256,364

 
3,248,894

 
3,188,183

Accumulated depreciation
 
(1,561,672
)
 
(1,534,740
)
 
(1,489,096
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
$
1,694,692

 
$
1,714,154

 
$
1,699,087



The composition of accounts payable and accrued liabilities follows (in thousands): 
 
 
October 31, 2017
 
July 31, 2017
 
October 31, 2016
Trade payables
 
$
103,540

 
$
71,558

 
$
90,773

Deferred revenue
 
407,848

 
240,096

 
328,009

Accrued salaries, wages and deferred compensation
 
19,699

 
44,869

 
29,544

Accrued benefits
 
30,317

 
32,505

 
28,564

Deposits
 
21,017

 
23,742

 
18,418

Other liabilities
 
48,046

 
54,899

 
47,615

Total accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
630,467

 
$
467,669

 
$
542,923



14




The composition of other long-term liabilities follows (in thousands):
 
 
October 31, 2017
 
July 31, 2017
 
October 31, 2016
Private club deferred initiation fee revenue
 
$
117,151

 
$
118,417

 
$
120,546

Unfavorable lease obligation, net
 
23,922

 
24,664

 
27,284

Other long-term liabilities
 
149,347

 
158,655

 
124,479

Total other long-term liabilities
 
$
290,420

 
$
301,736

 
$
272,309


7.    Fair Value Measurements
The FASB issued fair value guidance that establishes how reporting entities should measure fair value for measurement and disclosure purposes. The guidance establishes a common definition of fair value applicable to all assets and liabilities measured at fair value and prioritizes the inputs into valuation techniques used to measure fair value. Accordingly, the Company uses valuation techniques which maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when determining fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy are as follows:

Level 1: Inputs that reflect unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible to the Company for identical assets or liabilities;

Level 2: Inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active and inactive markets or that are observable for the asset or liability either directly or indirectly; and

Level 3: Unobservable inputs which are supported by little or no market activity.


15



The table below summarizes the Company’s cash equivalents, Contingent Consideration and Interest Rate Swap measured at estimated fair value (all other assets and liabilities measured at fair value are immaterial) (in thousands). 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Estimated Fair Value Measurement as of October 31, 2017
Description
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money Market
 
$
3,010

 
$
3,010

 
$

 
$

Commercial Paper
 
$
2,401

 
$

 
$
2,401

 
$

Certificates of Deposit
 
$
2,406

 
$

 
$
2,406

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent Consideration
 
$
23,754

 
$

 
$

 
$
23,754

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Estimated Fair Value Measurement as of July 31, 2017
Description
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money Market
 
$
3,008

 
$
3,008

 
$

 
$

Commercial Paper
 
$
2,401

 
$

 
$
2,401

 
$

Certificates of Deposit
 
$
2,403

 
$

 
$
2,403

 
$

Interest Rate Swap
 
$
236

 
$

 
$
236

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent Consideration
 
$
27,400

 
$

 
$

 
$
27,400

 
 
 
 
 
Estimated Fair Value Measurement as of October 31, 2016
Description
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money Market
 
$
3,001

 
$
3,001

 
$

 
$

Commercial Paper
 
$
2,401

 
$

 
$
2,401

 
$

Certificates of Deposit
 
$
2,403

 
$

 
$
2,403

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent Consideration
 
$
11,400

 
$

 
$

 
$
11,400

Interest Rate Swap
 
$
1,990

 
$

 
$
1,990

 
$


The Company’s cash equivalents and Interest Rate Swap are measured utilizing quoted market prices or pricing models whereby all significant inputs are either observable or corroborated by observable market data. The Interest Rate Swap was an instrument assumed in the Whistler Blackcomb acquisition that was a C$125.0 million fixed swap on the floating interest rate for the assumed Whistler Credit Agreement, and was originally set to expire in September 2020. However, the Company settled the Interest Rate Swap in September 2017 and therefore no longer utilized an Interest Rate Swap as of October 31, 2017. Interest Rate Swap settlements and changes in estimated fair value are recognized in interest expense, net on the Consolidated Condensed Statement of Operations.

The changes in Contingent Consideration during the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively
 
$
27,400

 
$
11,100

Payments
 
(3,646
)
 

Change in estimated fair value
 

 
300

Balance as of October, 2017 and 2016, respectively
 
$
23,754

 
$
11,400


The lease for Park City provides for participating contingent payments (the “Contingent Consideration”) to the landlord of 42% of the amount by which EBITDA for the Park City resort operations, as calculated under the lease, exceeds approximately $35 million, as established at the transaction date, with such threshold amount subsequently increased annually by an inflation linked index and a 10% adjustment for any capital improvements or investments made under the lease by the Company. The estimated

16



fair value of Contingent Consideration includes the future period resort operations of Park City in the calculation of EBITDA on which participating contingent payments are made, which is determined on the basis of estimated subsequent year performance, escalated by an assumed growth factor. The Company estimated the fair value of the Contingent Consideration payments using an option pricing valuation model. Key assumptions included a discount rate of 10.2%, volatility of 16.0% and future period Park City EBITDA and capital expenditures, which are unobservable inputs and thus are considered Level 3 inputs. The Company prepared a sensitivity analysis to evaluate the effect that changes on certain key assumptions would have on the estimated fair value of the Contingent Consideration. A change in the discount rate of 100 basis points or a 5% change in estimated subsequent year performance would result in a change in the estimated fair value within the range of approximately $4.5 million to $6.5 million.

Contingent Consideration is classified as a liability, and therefore the liability is remeasured to fair value at each reporting date until the contingency is resolved. During the three months ended October 31, 2017, the Company made a payment to the landlord for Contingent Consideration of approximately $3.6 million, resulting in an estimated fair value of the Contingent Consideration of approximately $23.8 million, which is reflected in other long-term liabilities in the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet.

8.    Commitments and Contingencies
Metropolitan Districts
The Company credit-enhances $6.3 million of bonds issued by Holland Creek Metropolitan District (“HCMD”) through a $6.4 million letter of credit issued under the Vail Holdings Credit Agreement. HCMD’s bonds were issued and used to build infrastructure associated with the Company’s Red Sky Ranch residential development. The Company has agreed to pay capital improvement fees to the Red Sky Ranch Metropolitan District (“RSRMD”) until RSRMD’s revenue streams from property taxes are sufficient to meet debt service requirements under HCMD’s bonds. The Company has recorded a liability of $2.0 million primarily within other long-term liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets, as of October 31, 2017July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively, with respect to the estimated present value of future RSRMD capital improvement fees. The Company estimates it will make capital improvement fee payments under this arrangement through the fiscal year ending July 31, 2031.

Guarantees/Indemnifications
As of October 31, 2017, the Company had various other letters of credit totaling $65.5 million, consisting of $53.4 million to support the Employee Housing Bonds and $12.1 million for workers’ compensation, general liability construction related deductibles and other activities. The Company also had surety bonds of $9.3 million as of October 31, 2017, primarily to provide collateral for its workers compensation self-insurance programs.

In addition to the guarantees noted above, the Company has entered into contracts in the normal course of business that include certain indemnifications under which it could be required to make payments to third parties upon the occurrence or non-occurrence of certain future events. These indemnities include indemnities related to licensees in connection with third-parties’ use of the Company’s trademarks and logos, liabilities associated with the infringement of other parties’ technology and software products, liabilities associated with the use of easements, liabilities associated with employment of contract workers and the Company’s use of trustees, and liabilities associated with the Company’s use of public lands and environmental matters. The duration of these indemnities generally is indefinite and generally do not limit the future payments the Company could be obligated to make.

As permitted under applicable law, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries have agreed to indemnify their directors and officers over their lifetimes for certain events or occurrences while the officer or director is, or was, serving the Company or its subsidiaries in such a capacity. The maximum potential amount of future payments the Company could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is unlimited; however, the Company has a director and officer insurance policy that should enable the Company to recover a portion of any amounts paid.

Unless otherwise noted, the Company has not recorded any significant liabilities for the letters of credit, indemnities and other guarantees noted above in the accompanying Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements, either because the Company has recorded on its Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets the underlying liability associated with the guarantee, the guarantee is with respect to the Company’s own performance and is therefore not subject to the measurement requirements as prescribed by GAAP, or because the Company has calculated the estimated fair value of the indemnification or guarantee to be immaterial based on the current facts and circumstances that would trigger a payment under the indemnification clause. In addition, with respect to certain indemnifications, it is not possible to determine the maximum potential amount of liability under these potential obligations due to the unique set of facts and circumstances likely to be involved in each particular claim and indemnification provision. Historically, payments made by the Company under these obligations have not been material.


17



As noted above, the Company makes certain indemnifications to licensees for their use of the Company’s trademarks and logos. The Company does not record any liabilities with respect to these indemnifications.

Self-Insurance
The Company is self-insured for claims under its U.S. health benefit plans and for the majority of workers’ compensation claims in the U.S. Workers compensation claims in the U.S. are subject to stop loss policies. The self-insurance liability related to workers’ compensation is determined actuarially based on claims filed. The self-insurance liability related to claims under the Company’s U.S. health benefit plans is determined based on analysis of actual claims. The amounts related to these claims are included as a component of accrued benefits in accounts payable and accrued liabilities (see Note 6, Supplementary Balance Sheet Information).

Legal
The Company is a party to various lawsuits arising in the ordinary course of business. Management believes the Company has adequate insurance coverage and/or has accrued for all loss contingencies for asserted and unasserted matters deemed to be probable losses and estimable. As of October 31, 2017July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, the accruals for the above loss contingencies were not material individually or in the aggregate.

9.    Segment Information
The Company has three reportable segments: Mountain, Lodging and Real Estate. The Company refers to “Resort” as the combination of the Mountain and Lodging segments. The Mountain segment includes the operations of the Company’s mountain resorts/ski areas and related ancillary activities. The Lodging segment includes the operations of the Company’s owned hotels, RockResorts, NPS concessionaire properties, condominium management, CME and mountain resort golf operations. The Real Estate segment owns, develops and sells real estate in and around the Company’s resort communities. The Company’s reportable segments, although integral to the success of the others, offer distinctly different products and services and require different types of management focus. As such, these segments are managed separately.

The Company reports its segment results using Reported EBITDA (defined as segment net revenue less segment operating expenses, plus or minus segment equity investment income or loss, and for the Real Estate segment, plus gain or loss on sale of real property). The Company reports segment results in a manner consistent with management’s internal reporting of operating results to the chief operating decision maker (Chief Executive Officer) for purposes of evaluating segment performance.

Items excluded from Reported EBITDA are significant components in understanding and assessing financial performance. Reported EBITDA should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to, or substitute for, net income (loss), net change in cash and cash equivalents or other financial statement data presented in the consolidated condensed financial statements as indicators of financial performance or liquidity.

The Company utilizes Reported EBITDA in evaluating the performance of the Company and in allocating resources to its segments. Mountain Reported EBITDA consists of Mountain net revenue less Mountain operating expense plus or minus Mountain equity investment income or loss. Lodging Reported EBITDA consists of Lodging net revenue less Lodging operating expense. Real Estate Reported EBITDA consists of Real Estate net revenue less Real Estate operating expense plus gain or loss on sale of real property. All segment expenses include an allocation of corporate administrative expense. Assets are not allocated between segments, or used to evaluate performance, except as shown in the table below.


18



The following table presents financial information by reportable segment, which is used by management in evaluating performance and allocating resources (in thousands):

 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Net revenue:
 
 
 
Lift
$
25,468

 
$
21,426

Ski school
4,438

 
3,851

Dining
18,302

 
13,368

Retail/rental
45,407

 
36,479

Other
54,510

 
35,643

Total Mountain net revenue
148,125

 
110,767

Lodging
72,089

 
67,402

Total Resort net revenue
220,214

 
178,169

Real Estate
636

 
96

Total net revenue
$
220,850

 
$
178,265

Segment operating expense:
 
 
 
Mountain
$
207,084

 
$
168,253

Lodging
67,734

 
64,080

Resort
274,818

 
232,333

Real Estate
1,691

 
1,485

Total segment operating expense
$
276,509

 
$
233,818

Gain on sale of real property
$

 
$
6,466

Mountain equity investment income, net
$
522

 
$
832

Reported EBITDA:
 
 
 
Mountain
$
(58,437
)
 
$
(56,654
)
Lodging
4,355

 
3,322

Resort
(54,082
)
 
(53,332
)
Real Estate
(1,055
)
 
5,077

Total Reported EBITDA
$
(55,137
)
 
$
(48,255
)
Real estate held for sale and investment
$
102,697

 
$
116,852

Reconciliation to net loss attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.:
 
 
 
Total Reported EBITDA
$
(55,137
)
 
$
(48,255
)
Depreciation and amortization
(48,624
)
 
(40,581
)
Change in estimated fair value of contingent consideration

 
(300
)
Gain (loss) on disposal of fixed assets, net
567

 
(550
)
Investment income and other, net
383

 
4,523

Foreign currency loss on intercompany loans
(7,346
)
 

Interest expense, net
(15,174
)
 
(11,964
)
Loss before benefit from income taxes
(125,331
)
 
(97,127
)
Benefit from income taxes
93,404

 
33,509

Net loss
(31,927
)
 
(63,618
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
3,542

 
1,031

Net loss attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
$
(28,385
)
 
$
(62,587
)


19



10.     Share Repurchase Program
On March 9, 2006, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a share repurchase program, authorizing the Company to repurchase up to 3,000,000 Vail Shares. On July 16, 2008, the Company’s Board of Directors increased the authorization by an additional 3,000,000 Vail Shares, and on December 4, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors increased the authorization by an additional 1,500,000 Vail Shares for a total authorization to repurchase up to 7,500,000 total shares. The Company did not repurchase any Vail Shares during either of the three months ended October 31, 2017 or 2016. Since inception of its share repurchase program through October 31, 2017, the Company has repurchased 5,436,294 Vail Shares for $247.2 million. As of October 31, 2017, 2,063,706 Vail Shares remained available to repurchase under the existing share repurchase program, which has no expiration date. Vail Shares purchased pursuant to the repurchase program will be held as treasury shares and may be used for the issuance of Vail Shares under the Company’s employee share award plan.

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Vail Resorts, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, is referred to throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the periods ended October 31, 2017 (“Form 10-Q”) as “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company.”

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended July 31, 2017 (“Form 10-K”) and the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements as of October 31, 2017 and 2016 and for the three months then ended, included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q, which provide additional information regarding our financial position, results of operations and cash flows. To the extent that the following MD&A contains statements which are not of a historical nature, such statements are forward-looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties. See “Forward-Looking Statements” below. These risks include, but are not limited to, those discussed in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including the risks described in Item 1A “Risk Factors” of Part I of our Form 10-K, which was filed on September 28, 2017.

The MD&A includes discussion of financial performance within each of our three segments. We have chosen to specifically include Reported EBITDA (defined as segment net revenue less segment operating expense, plus or minus segment equity investment income or loss and for the Real Estate segment, plus gain or loss on sale of real property) and Net Debt (defined as long-term debt, net plus long-term debt due within one year less cash and cash equivalents), in the following discussion because we consider these measurements to be significant indications of our financial performance and available capital resources. Resort Reported EBITDA, Total Reported EBITDA and Net Debt are not measures of financial performance or liquidity under generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). We utilize segment Reported EBITDA in evaluating our performance and in allocating resources to our segments. Refer to the end of the Results of Operations section for a reconciliation of segment Reported EBITDA to net loss attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc. We also believe that Net Debt is an important measurement as it is an indicator of our ability to obtain additional capital resources for our future cash needs. Refer to the end of the Results of Operations section for a reconciliation of Net Debt to long-term debt, net.

Items excluded from Reported EBITDA and Net Debt are significant components in understanding and assessing financial performance or liquidity. Reported EBITDA and Net Debt should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to, or substitute for, net income (loss), net change in cash and cash equivalents or other financial statement data presented in the Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements as indicators of financial performance or liquidity. Because Resort Reported EBITDA, Total Reported EBITDA and Net Debt are not measurements determined in accordance with GAAP and are thus susceptible to varying calculations, Resort Reported EBITDA, Total Reported EBITDA and Net Debt, as presented herein, may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. In addition, our segment Reported EBITDA (i.e. Mountain, Lodging and Real Estate), the measure of segment profit or loss required to be disclosed in accordance with GAAP, may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies.

Overview
Our operations are grouped into three integrated and interdependent segments: Mountain, Lodging and Real Estate. We refer to “Resort” as the combination of the Mountain and Lodging segments.

20




Mountain Segment
The Mountain segment is comprised of the operations of eleven mountain resort properties and three urban ski areas including:
Mountain Resorts:
 
Location:
1.
Vail Mountain Resort (“Vail Mountain”)
 
Colorado
2.
Breckenridge Ski Resort (“Breckenridge”)
 
Colorado
3.
Keystone Resort (“Keystone”)
 
Colorado
4.
Beaver Creek Resort (“Beaver Creek”)
 
Colorado
5.
Park City Resort (“Park City”)
 
Utah
6.
Heavenly Mountain Resort (“Heavenly”)
 
Lake Tahoe area of Nevada and California
7.
Northstar Resort (“Northstar”)
 
Lake Tahoe area of California
8.
Kirkwood Mountain Resort (“Kirkwood”)
 
Lake Tahoe area of California
9.
Perisher Ski Resort (“Perisher”)
 
New South Wales, Australia
10.
Whistler Blackcomb Resort (“Whistler Blackcomb”)
 
British Columbia, Canada
11.
Stowe Mountain Resort (“Stowe”)
 
Vermont
Urban Ski Areas (“Urban”):
 
Location:
1.
Wilmot Mountain (“Wilmot”)
 
Wisconsin
2.
Afton Alps Ski Area (“Afton Alps”)
 
Minnesota
3.
Mount Brighton Ski Area (“Mt. Brighton”)
 
Michigan

Additionally, the Company operates ancillary services, primarily including ski school, dining and retail/rental operations, and for Perisher including lodging and transportation operations. Mountain segment revenue is seasonal, with the majority of revenue earned from our North American mountain resorts and ski areas occurring in our second and third fiscal quarters and the majority of revenue earned from Perisher occurring in our first and fourth fiscal quarters. Our North American mountain resorts are typically open for business from mid-November through mid-April, which is the peak operating season for the Mountain segment, and Perisher is typically open for business from June to early October. Consequently, our first fiscal quarter is a seasonally low period as our North American ski operations are generally not open for business until our second fiscal quarter, while the activity of Perisher’s peak season and our North American summer operating results are not sufficient to offset the losses incurred during the seasonally low periods at our North American mountain resorts and ski areas. Revenue of the Mountain segment during the first fiscal quarter is primarily generated from summer and group related visitation at our North American mountain resorts, retail/rental operations and peak season Perisher operations.

Lodging Segment
Operations within the Lodging segment include (i) ownership/management of a group of luxury hotels and condominiums through the RockResorts brand proximate to our Colorado and Utah mountain resorts; (ii) ownership/management of non-RockResorts branded hotels and condominiums proximate to our North American mountain resorts; (iii) National Park Service (“NPS”) concessionaire properties including the Grand Teton Lodge Company (“GTLC”); (iv) Colorado Mountain Express (“CME”), a Colorado resort ground transportation company; and (v) mountain resort golf courses.

Revenue of the lodging segment during our first fiscal quarter is generated primarily by the operations of our NPS concessionaire properties (as their peak operating season generally occurs during the months of June to October), as well as golf operations and seasonally low operations from our other owned and managed properties and businesses. Lodging properties (including managed condominium rooms) at or around our mountain resorts, and CME, are closely aligned with the performance of the Mountain segment and generally experience similar seasonal trends. Management primarily focuses on Lodging net revenue excluding payroll cost reimbursements and Lodging operating expense excluding reimbursed payroll costs (which are not measures of financial performance under GAAP) as the reimbursements are made based upon the costs incurred with no added margin, as such the revenue and corresponding expense do not affect our Lodging Reported EBITDA, which we use to evaluate Lodging segment performance.

Real Estate Segment
The principal activities of our Real Estate segment include the sale of land parcels to third-party developers and planning for future real estate development projects, including zoning and acquisition of applicable permits. We continue undertaking preliminary planning and design work on future projects and are pursuing opportunities with third-party developers rather than undertaking

21



our own significant vertical development projects. Additionally, real estate development projects by third-party developers most often result in the creation of certain resort assets that provide additional benefit to the Mountain segment. We believe that, due to our low carrying cost of real estate land investments, we are well situated to promote future projects by third-party developers while limiting our financial risk. Our revenue from the Real Estate segment and associated expense can fluctuate significantly based upon the timing of closings and the type of real estate being sold, causing volatility in the Real Estate segment’s operating results from period to period.

Recent Trends, Risks and Uncertainties
Together with those risk factors we have identified in our Form 10-K, we have identified the following important factors (as well as risks and uncertainties associated with such factors) that could impact our future financial performance or condition:

The timing and amount of snowfall can have an impact on Mountain and Lodging revenue particularly in regards to skier visits and the duration and frequency of guest visitation. To help mitigate this impact, we sell a variety of pass products prior to the beginning of the ski season resulting in a more stabilized stream of lift revenue. Additionally, our pass products provide a compelling value proposition to our guests, which in turn creates a guest commitment predominately prior to the start of the ski season. Through December 3, 2017, our North American pass sales for the upcoming 2017/2018 North American ski season increased approximately 14% in units and increased approximately 20% in sales dollars, compared to the prior year period ended December 4, 2016, including Whistler Blackcomb and Stowe pass sales in both periods, adjusted to eliminate the impact of foreign currency by applying current period exchange rates to the prior period. We cannot predict the ultimate impact that season pass sales will have on total lift revenue or effective ticket price for the 2017/2018 North American ski season.

Key U.S. economic indicators have remained steady in 2017, including strong consumer confidence and declines in the unemployment rate. However, the growth in the U.S. economy may be impacted by economic challenges in the U.S. or declining or slowing growth in economies outside of the U.S., accompanied by devaluation of currencies and lower commodity prices. Given these economic uncertainties, we cannot predict what the impact will be on overall travel and leisure spending or more specifically, on our guest visitation, guest spending or other related trends for the upcoming 2017/2018 North American ski season.

As of October 31, 2017, we had $234.0 million available under the revolver component of our Seventh Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated as of May 1, 2015 (the “Vail Holdings Credit Agreement”), which represents the total commitment of $400.0 million less outstanding borrowings of $95.0 million and certain letters of credit outstanding of $71.0 million. Additionally, under our Whistler Blackcomb credit facility (the “Whistler Credit Agreement”), as of October 31, 2017, we had C$164.0 million ($127.1 million) available under the revolver component of the Whistler Credit Agreement (which represents the total commitment of C$300.0 million ($232.5 million) less outstanding borrowings of C$135.0 million ($104.6 million) and a letter of credit outstanding of C$1.0 million ($0.8 million)). During the three months ended October 31, 2017, we exercised our right under the Whistler Credit Agreement, with the consent of the lender parties thereto, to extend the maturity date for the Whistler Credit Agreement from November 12, 2021 to November 12, 2022. 

We believe that the terms of our credit agreements allow for sufficient flexibility in our ability to make future acquisitions, investments, distributions to stockholders and incur additional debt. This, combined with the continued positive cash flow from operating activities of our Mountain and Lodging segments less resort capital expenditures, has and is anticipated to continue to provide us with significant liquidity. We believe our liquidity will allow us to consider strategic investments and other forms of returning value to our stockholders including additional share repurchases and the continued payment of a quarterly cash dividend.


22



RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Summary
Below is a summary of operating results for the three months ended October 31, 2017, compared to the three months ended October 31, 2016 (in thousands):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Mountain Reported EBITDA
 
$
(58,437
)
 
$
(56,654
)
Lodging Reported EBITDA
 
4,355

 
3,322

Resort Reported EBITDA
 
$
(54,082
)
 
$
(53,332
)
Real Estate Reported EBITDA
 
$
(1,055
)
 
$
5,077

Loss before benefit from income taxes
 
$
(125,331
)
 
$
(97,127
)
Net loss attributable to Vail Resorts, Inc.
 
$
(28,385
)
 
$
(62,587
)
A discussion of the segment results and other items can be found below.


Mountain Segment

Three months ended October 31, 2017 compared to the three months ended October 31, 2016
Mountain segment operating results for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016 are presented by category as follows (in thousands, except effective ticket price (“ETP”)):
 
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Net Mountain revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lift
 
$
25,468

 
$
21,426

 
18.9
 %
Ski school
 
4,438

 
3,851

 
15.2
 %
Dining
 
18,302

 
13,368

 
36.9
 %
Retail/rental
 
45,407

 
36,479

 
24.5
 %
Other
 
54,510

 
35,643

 
52.9
 %
Total Mountain net revenue
 
148,125

 
110,767

 
33.7
 %
Mountain operating expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labor and labor-related benefits
 
73,656

 
57,682

 
27.7
 %
Retail cost of sales
 
22,941

 
18,404

 
24.7
 %
General and administrative
 
49,324

 
41,984

 
17.5
 %
Other
 
61,163

 
50,183

 
21.9
 %
Total Mountain operating expense
 
207,084

 
168,253

 
23.1
 %
Mountain equity investment income, net
 
522

 
832

 
(37.3
)%
Mountain Reported EBITDA
 
$
(58,437
)
 
$
(56,654
)
 
(3.1
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total skier visits
 
498

 
429

 
16.1
 %
ETP
 
$
51.14

 
$
49.94

 
2.4
 %

Mountain Reported EBITDA includes $3.8 million and $3.9 million of stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Our first fiscal quarter historically results in negative Mountain Reported EBITDA, as our North American mountain resorts and ski areas generally do not open for ski operations until our second fiscal quarter, which begins in November. The first fiscal quarter generally consists of operating and administrative expenses, summer activities (including dining), retail/rental operations and the operations of Perisher, which has its peak operating season from June through early October. Mountain Reported EBITDA decreased by $1.8 million, or 3.1%, which includes an operating loss from Stowe (acquired in June 2017) due to no ski operations. Additionally,

23



we recorded $0.7 million and $2.8 million of acquisition and integration related expenses for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Perisher generated increases of $4.0 million, or 18.9%, and $0.6 million, or 15.2%, in lift revenue and ski school revenue, respectively, primarily due to increases in pricing and higher visitation. Dining revenue increased $4.9 million, or 36.9%, primarily due to incremental revenue from Whistler Blackcomb, reflecting a full quarter of operations as compared to prior year period which included operations from the date of acquisition, October 17, 2016, through October 31, 2016. Additionally, dining revenue benefited from the inclusion of Stowe operations and an increase in dining revenue at Perisher, which was the result of higher visitation.

Retail/rental revenue increased $8.9 million, or 24.5%, primarily due to an increase in retail sales of $7.3 million, or 23.2%, and an increase in rental revenue of $1.6 million, or 32.0%. The increase in retail revenue was primarily attributable to incremental revenue from Whistler Blackcomb and increased sales at our front range stores in Colorado. The increase in rental revenue was primarily attributable to incremental revenue from Whistler Blackcomb as well as increased rental sales at Perisher. Other revenue mainly consists of summer visitation and mountain activities revenue, employee housing revenue, guest services revenue, commercial leasing revenue, marketing and internet advertising revenue, private club revenue (which includes both club dues and amortization of initiation fees), municipal services revenue and other recreation activity revenue. Other revenue is also comprised of Perisher lodging and transportation revenue. Other revenue increased $18.9 million, or 52.9%, which was primarily attributable to incremental summer activities and events revenue at Whistler Blackcomb and the inclusion of Stowe operations.

Operating expense increased $38.8 million, or 23.1%, which was primarily due to incremental expenses from Whistler Blackcomb as a result of a full quarter of operations as compared to the prior year period, which included operations from the date of acquisition, October 17, 2016, through October 31, 2016.

Labor and labor-related benefits increased 27.7% primarily due to incremental expense from Whistler Blackcomb and Stowe, normal wage adjustments and increased staffing levels at Perisher during the three months ended October 31, 2017 to support higher visitation. Retail cost of sales increased 24.7%, compared to an increase in retail sales of 23.2%, primarily reflecting incremental retail cost of sales at Whistler Blackcomb. General and administrative expense increased 17.5% due to incremental expense from Whistler Blackcomb and Stowe, as well as increased corporate overhead costs. Other expense increased 21.9% compared to the same period in the prior year due to incremental expense from Whistler Blackcomb, as well as increases in repairs and maintenance expense, property tax expense, food and beverage cost of sales, supplies and rent expense, partially offset by a reduction of acquisition and integration related expenses.

Mountain equity investment income, net primarily includes our share of income from the operations of a real estate brokerage joint venture.


24



Lodging Segment

Three months ended October 31, 2017 compared to the three months ended October 31, 2016                    
Lodging segment operating results for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016 are presented by category as follows (in thousands, except average daily rates (“ADR”) and revenue per available room (“RevPAR”)):
 
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Lodging net revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Owned hotel rooms
 
$
19,635

 
$
18,063

 
8.7
 %
Managed condominium rooms
 
10,171

 
8,521

 
19.4
 %
Dining
 
15,880

 
15,337

 
3.5
 %
Transportation
 
2,553

 
2,473

 
3.2
 %
Golf
 
8,426

 
8,513

 
(1.0
)%
Other
 
12,115

 
11,418

 
6.1
 %
 
 
68,780

 
64,325

 
6.9
 %
Payroll cost reimbursements
 
3,309

 
3,077

 
7.5
 %
Total Lodging net revenue
 
72,089

 
67,402

 
7.0
 %
Lodging operating expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labor and labor-related benefits
 
32,092

 
29,877

 
7.4
 %
General and administrative
 
8,539

 
8,764

 
(2.6
)%
Other
 
23,794

 
22,362

 
6.4
 %
 
 
64,425

 
61,003

 
5.6
 %
Reimbursed payroll costs
 
3,309

 
3,077

 
7.5
 %
Total Lodging operating expense
 
67,734

 
64,080

 
5.7
 %
Lodging Reported EBITDA
 
$
4,355

 
$
3,322

 
31.1
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Owned hotel statistics:
 
 
 
 
 
 
ADR
 
$
228.10

 
$
214.83

 
6.2
 %
RevPAR
 
$
163.23

 
$
144.12

 
13.3
 %
Managed condominium statistics:
 
 
 
 
 
 
ADR
 
$
190.61

 
$
196.78

 
(3.1
)%
RevPAR
 
$
53.72

 
$
47.95

 
12.0
 %
Owned hotel and managed condominium statistics (combined):
 
 
 
 
 
 
ADR
 
$
210.49

 
$
207.34

 
1.5
 %
RevPAR
 
$
87.38

 
$
80.53

 
8.5
 %

Lodging Reported EBITDA includes $0.8 million of stock-based compensation expense for both the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016.

Lodging Reported EBITDA increased $1.0 million, or 31.1%, primarily due to increased occupancy at our lodging properties in Colorado.

Revenue from owned hotel rooms increased $1.6 million, or 8.7%, primarily due an increase in occupancy at Flagg Ranch, which incurred an early closure in the prior year period as a result of a forest fire in Grand Teton National Park, as well as an increase in revenue at GTLC. Revenue from managed condominium rooms increased $1.7 million, or 19.4%, primarily due to incremental revenue from Whistler Blackcomb and increased revenue at our Colorado managed properties primarily as a result of increased occupancy.

Dining revenue increased $0.5 million, or 3.5%, primarily due to increased revenue at our Colorado lodging properties and at Park City. Other revenue increased $0.7 million, or 6.1%, primarily due to increases in ancillary services, conference services and lodging retail, partially offset by the recording of business interruption insurance recovery in the prior year related to the early closure of our Flagg Ranch property in September 2016.

25



 

Operating expense (excluding reimbursed payroll costs) increased 5.6%. Labor and labor-related benefits increased 7.4%, primarily resulting from incremental Whistler Blackcomb expense, normal wage increases and higher labor expense for Flagg Ranch, which was closed for a portion of the prior year period. Other expense increased 6.4%, primarily due to increases in variable operating expenses, including food and beverage and retail cost of sales and credit card fees, as well as an increase in property taxes.

Revenue from payroll cost reimbursement and the corresponding reimbursed payroll costs relate to payroll costs at managed hotel properties where we are the employer and all payroll costs are reimbursed by the owners of the properties under contractual arrangements. Since the reimbursements are made based upon the costs incurred with no added margin, the revenue and corresponding expense have no effect on our Lodging Reported EBITDA.

Real Estate Segment

Three months ended October 31, 2017 compared to the three months ended October 31, 2016
Real Estate segment operating results for the three months ended October 31, 2017 and 2016 are presented by category as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
Percentage
Increase
(Decrease)
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Total Real Estate net revenue
 
$
636

 
$
96

 
562.5
 %
Real Estate operating expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales (including sales commission)
 
511

 

 
 %
Other
 
1,180

 
1,485

 
(20.5
)%
Total Real Estate operating expense
 
1,691

 
1,485

 
13.9
 %
Gain on sale of real property
 

 
6,466

 
(100.0
)%
Real Estate Reported EBITDA
 
$
(1,055
)
 
$
5,077

 
(120.8
)%