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EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - ARCA biopharma, Inc.abio-ex321_8.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - ARCA biopharma, Inc.abio-ex312_7.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - ARCA biopharma, Inc.abio-ex311_6.htm
EX-10.1 - EX-10.1 - ARCA biopharma, Inc.abio-ex101_201.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2017

OR

TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM              TO             

Commission File Number 000-22873

 

ARCA BIOPHARMA, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

36-3855489

(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

 

 

11080 CirclePoint Road, Suite 140, Westminster, CO

 

80020

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(720) 940-2200

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, including Area Code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  (Do not check if a small reporting company)

  

Small reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

  

Number of
Shares Outstanding

Common Stock $0.001 par value

  

On November 7, 2017: 11,750,977

 

 

 

 


 

 

ARCA BIOPHARMA, INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2017

 

 

 

 

2

 


 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

ARCA BIOPHARMA, INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

September 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

(in thousands, except share

and per share amounts)

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

8,142

 

 

$

7,401

 

Marketable securities

 

7,809

 

 

 

13,762

 

Other current assets

 

425

 

 

 

282

 

Total current assets

 

16,376

 

 

 

21,445

 

Marketable securities

 

 

 

 

2,352

 

Property and equipment, net

 

48

 

 

 

66

 

Other assets

 

497

 

 

 

766

 

Total assets

$

16,921

 

 

$

24,629

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

1,237

 

 

$

1,205

 

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

 

193

 

 

 

719

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

1,114

 

 

 

472

 

Total current liabilities

 

2,544

 

 

 

2,396

 

Deferred rent, net of current portion

 

25

 

 

 

39

 

Total liabilities

 

2,569

 

 

 

2,435

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 100 million shares authorized

   at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016; 11,750,744

   and 9,082,366 shares issued and outstanding at

   September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively

 

12

 

 

 

9

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

141,147

 

 

 

134,715

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(3

)

 

 

(19

)

Accumulated deficit

 

(126,804

)

 

 

(112,511

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

14,352

 

 

 

22,194

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

16,921

 

 

$

24,629

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements

 

 

 

3

 


 

ARCA BIOPHARMA, INC.

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

 

September 30,

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

$

3,488

 

 

$

3,720

 

 

$

11,242

 

 

$

9,227

 

General and administrative

 

987

 

 

 

992

 

 

 

3,173

 

 

 

3,094

 

Total costs and expenses

 

4,475

 

 

 

4,712

 

 

 

14,415

 

 

 

12,321

 

Loss from operations

 

(4,475

)

 

 

(4,712

)

 

 

(14,415

)

 

 

(12,321

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income

 

44

 

 

 

53

 

 

 

128

 

 

 

121

 

Interest expense

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

(6

)

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(4,433

)

 

$

(4,659

)

 

$

(14,293

)

 

$

(12,200

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in unrealized loss on marketable securities

 

2

 

 

 

(19

)

 

 

16

 

 

 

(6

)

Comprehensive loss

$

(4,431

)

 

$

(4,678

)

 

$

(14,277

)

 

$

(12,206

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

$

(0.39

)

 

$

(0.51

)

 

$

(1.43

)

 

$

(1.35

)

Weighted average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted

 

11,502,654

 

 

 

9,068,376

 

 

 

9,982,739

 

 

 

9,062,516

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements

 

 

 

4

 


 

ARCA BIOPHARMA, INC.

STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(unaudited)

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

Accumulated Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

 

 

Paid-In

 

 

Comprehensive

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Loss

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Total

 

 

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2015

 

9,051,217

 

 

$

9

 

 

$

134,128

 

 

$

 

 

$

(96,067

)

 

$

38,070

 

Issuance of common stock upon vesting

   of Restricted Stock Units

 

31,149

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

576

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

576

 

Change in unrealized loss on

   marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(19

)

 

 

 

 

 

(19

)

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(16,444

)

 

 

(16,444

)

Balance, December 31, 2016

 

9,082,366

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

134,715

 

 

 

(19

)

 

 

(112,511

)

 

 

22,194

 

Issuance of common stock for cash,

   net of offering costs

 

2,653,440

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

6,093

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,096

 

Issuance of common stock upon vesting

   of Restricted Stock Units

 

14,938

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

339

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

339

 

Change in unrealized loss on

   marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(14,293

)

 

 

(14,293

)

Balance, September 30, 2017

 

11,750,744

 

 

$

12

 

 

$

141,147

 

 

$

(3

)

 

$

(126,804

)

 

$

14,352

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements

 

 


5

 


 

ARCA BIOPHARMA, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(14,293

)

 

$

(12,200

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used

   in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

21

 

 

 

17

 

Amortization of other assets

 

269

 

 

 

207

 

Amortization of premiums and discounts on marketable securities

 

109

 

 

 

100

 

Share-based compensation

 

339

 

 

 

605

 

Change in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other current assets

 

186

 

 

 

(98

)

Other assets

 

 

 

 

(303

)

Accounts payable

 

29

 

 

 

648

 

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

 

(526

)

 

 

(507

)

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

590

 

 

 

391

 

Other

 

 

 

 

(5

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(13,276

)

 

 

(11,145

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(2

)

 

 

(8

)

Purchases of marketable securities

 

(5,471

)

 

 

(20,504

)

Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities

 

13,650

 

 

 

950

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

8,177

 

 

 

(19,562

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock

 

6,515

 

 

 

 

Common stock offering costs

 

(419

)

 

 

 

Repayment of principal on vendor finance agreement

 

(256

)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

5,840

 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

741

 

 

 

(30,707

)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

7,401

 

 

 

38,802

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

$

8,142

 

 

$

8,095

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

$

6

 

 

$

 

Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing

   transactions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock offering costs accrued but not yet paid

$

 

 

$

(11

)

Change in unrealized loss on marketable securities

$

16

 

 

$

(6

)

Leasehold improvement lease incentive

$

 

 

$

48

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements

 

 

6

 


 

ARCA BIOPHARMA, INC.

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

(1) The Company and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business

ARCA biopharma, Inc. (the Company or ARCA) a Delaware corporation, is headquartered in Westminster, Colorado. The Company is a biopharmaceutical company applying a precision medicine approach to developing genetically-targeted therapies for cardiovascular diseases. The Company’s lead product candidate, Gencaro™ (bucindolol hydrochloride), is an investigational, pharmacologically unique beta-blocker and mild vasodilator that ARCA is developing for the potential treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic heart failure.

The Company is conducting a Phase 2B clinical superiority trial, known as GENETIC-AF, in which the Company is evaluating Gencaro for the treatment of AF in patients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) against an active comparator, the beta-blocker TOPROL-XL (metoprolol succinate), a drug approved for treating HFrEF that is also prescribed, but not approved, for treating AF in patients with HFrEF.   Enrollment in GENETIC-AF, which was completed in August 2017, was limited to patients that possess the specific genotype that the Company believes enhances Gencaro’s potential therapeutic effects.  The current development of Gencaro is, in part, based on a prospectively designed DNA substudy of adrenergic receptor polymorphisms in the BEST trial, a previous Phase 3 study of 2,708 HF patients.  In the BEST trial, Gencaro showed evidence of potential efficacy in treating AF and in reducing mortality and hospitalizations in patients with this specific genotype.

GENETIC-AF is a Phase 2B, multi-center, randomized, double-blind, clinical superiority trial comparing the safety and efficacy of Gencaro against TOPROL-XL, that enrolled 267 patients. Eligible patients had HFrEF, a history of paroxysmal AF (episodes lasting 7 days or less) or persistent AF (episodes lasting more than 7 days and less than 1 year) in the past 6 months, and the beta-1 389 arginine homozygous genotype that the Company believes responds most favorably to Gencaro.  The primary endpoint of the study is time to first event of symptomatic AF/atrial flutter (AFL), or all-cause mortality. The GENETIC-AF Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) conducted a pre-specified interim analysis of all patients randomized as of June 19, 2017.  Based on its efficacy and safety review, the DSMB recommended completion of the Phase 2B trial with no changes to the trial design and indicated that there were no safety concerns.  The DSMB made its recommendation based on a predictive probability analysis of certain trial data after a sufficient number of patients had evaluable endpoint data.  A randomized patient had evaluable endpoint data either when they experienced their first composite endpoint event, AF/AFL or all-cause mortality, or after completion of the 24-week primary endpoint follow up period.  The DSMB interim analysis focused on analyses of the AF/AFL endpoints in the trial using both clinical-based intermittent monitoring and device-based continuous monitoring techniques.  The Company expects to report top-line Phase 2B data late in the first quarter of 2018.  

The Company anticipates that it will need to raise additional capital to fund future operations and any additional development of Gencaro, after completion of GENETIC-AF. If the Company is unable to obtain additional funding or is unable to complete a strategic transaction, it may have to discontinue development activities on Gencaro or discontinue its operations.

Liquidity and Going Concern

The Company devotes substantially all of its efforts towards obtaining regulatory approval and raising capital necessary to fund its operations and it is subject to a number of risks associated with clinical research and development, including dependence on key individuals, the development of and regulatory approval of commercially viable products, the need to raise adequate additional financing necessary to fund the development and commercialization of its products, and competition from larger companies. The Company has not generated revenue to date and has incurred substantial losses and negative cash flows from operations since its inception.  The Company has historically funded its operations through issuances of common and preferred stock.  

7

 


 

The Company believes that its current cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities will be sufficient to fund its operations, at its projected cost structure, through the end of the second quarter of 2018.  In January 2017, the Company entered into a sales agreement with an agent to sell, from time to time, its common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $7.3 million, in an “at the market offering.”  In August 2017, the Company amended this sales agreement to increase the maximum aggregate value of shares which the Company may issue and sell from time to time under this sales agreement by approximately $2.9 million, from $7.3 million to $10.2 million.  As of September 30, 2017, the Company has sold an aggregate of 2,653,440 shares of its common stock pursuant to the terms of such sales agreement, as amended, for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $6.5 million. Net proceeds received during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 were approximately $6.1 million, including initial expenses for executing the “at the market offering” and commissions to the placement agent.  However, notwithstanding this sales agreement, in light of the significant uncertainties regarding clinical development timelines and costs for developing drugs such as Gencaro, the Company anticipates that it will need to raise additional capital to finance the Company’s future operations and any additional development of Gencaro, after completion of GENETIC-AF.  If the Company is delayed in completing or is unable to complete additional funding and/or a strategic transaction, the Company may discontinue its development activities or operations.

The Company’s liquidity, and its ability to raise additional capital or complete any strategic transaction, depends on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

the outcome of GENETIC-AF, for which top-line data is expected late in the first quarter of 2018;

 

completion of GENETIC-AF, including completion of patient treatment, securing and analyzing the data in accordance with our projected timeline;

 

the costs and timing for the potential additional data analyses and clinical trials in order to gain possible regulatory approval for Gencaro;

 

the market price of the Company’s stock and the availability and cost of additional equity capital from existing and potential new investors;

 

the Company’s ability to retain the listing of its common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market;

 

general economic and industry conditions affecting the availability and cost of capital;

 

the Company’s ability to control costs associated with its operations;

 

the costs of filing, prosecuting, defending and enforcing any patent claims and other intellectual property rights; and

 

the terms and conditions of the Company’s existing collaborative and licensing agreements.

The sale of additional equity or convertible debt securities would likely result in substantial additional dilution to the Company’s stockholders. If the Company raises additional funds through the incurrence of indebtedness, the obligations related to such indebtedness would be senior to rights of holders of the Company’s capital stock and could contain covenants that would restrict the Company’s operations. The Company also cannot predict what consideration might be available, if any, to the Company or its stockholders, in connection with any strategic transaction. Should strategic alternatives or additional capital not be available to the Company, or not be available on acceptable terms, the Company may be unable to realize value from its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business which may, among other alternatives, cause the Company to further delay, substantially reduce or discontinue operational activities to conserve its cash resources.

The significant uncertainties surrounding the clinical development timelines and costs and the need to raise a significant amount of capital raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern from one year after the Company’s financial statements have been issued.  The Company could delay or cancel certain significant planned expenditures related to the GENETIC-AF trial and/or implement cost reduction measures to conserve our cash balances; however, there is no assurance that those measures would be adequate to allow the Company to continue as a going concern for a period beyond one year from the issuance of these financial statements.  These financial statements have been prepared with the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern and will be able to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities in the normal course of business and do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that may result from the inability of the Company to continue as a going concern. The Company may not be able to raise sufficient capital on acceptable terms, or at all, to continue development of Gencaro or to otherwise continue operations and may not be able to execute any strategic transaction.

8

 


 

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited financial statements of the Company were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, these financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of these interim financial statements.  The results of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of results expected for the full year ending December 31, 2017.  The Company has generated no revenue to date and its activities have consisted of seeking regulatory approval, research and development, exploring strategic alternatives for further developing and commercializing Gencaro, and raising capital. These unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and footnotes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2016 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Amounts presented are rounded to the nearest thousand, where indicated, except per share data and par values.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents. The Company has no off-balance-sheet concentrations of credit risk, such as foreign exchange contracts, option contracts, or foreign currency hedging arrangements. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalent balances in the form of bank demand deposits and money market fund accounts with financial institutions that management believes are creditworthy. Such balances may at times exceed the insured amount.

Accrued Expenses

As part of the process of preparing its financial statements, the Company is required to estimate accrued expenses. This process involves identifying services that third parties have performed on the Company’s behalf and estimating the level of service performed and the associated cost incurred for these services as of the balance sheet date. Examples of estimated accrued expenses include contract service fees, such as fees payable to contract manufacturers in connection with the production of materials related to the Company’s drug product, and professional service fees, such as attorneys, consultants, and clinical research organizations. The Company develops estimates of liabilities using its judgment based upon the facts and circumstances known at the time.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In January 2016, Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (ASU 2016-01). ASU 2016-01 requires equity investments to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income; simplifies the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment; eliminates the requirement for public business entities to disclose the method(s) and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value that is required to be disclosed for financial instruments measured at amortized cost on the balance sheet; requires public business entities to use the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes; requires an entity to present separately in other comprehensive income the portion of the total change in the fair value of a liability resulting from a change in the instrument-specific credit risk when the entity has elected to measure the liability at fair value in accordance with the fair value option for financial instruments; requires separate presentation of financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form of financial assets on the balance sheet or the accompanying notes to the financial statements and clarifies that an entity should evaluate the need for a valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to available-for-sale securities in combination with the entity’s other deferred tax assets. ASU 2016-01 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2016-01 will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (ASU 2016-02), which requires lessees to recognize assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by most leases on their balance sheet. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted. ASU 2016-02 requires modified retrospective adoption for all leases existing at, or entered into after, the date of initial application, with an option to use certain transition relief. While the Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2016-02 will have on its financial statements and related disclosures, we expect that the operating lease commitment discussed in Note 6 will be recognized as operating lease liability and right-of-use asset.

9

 


 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (ASU 2016-09), which changes how companies account for certain aspects of share-based payments to employees. The new guidance requires all income tax effects of awards to be recognized in the income statement when the awards vest or are settled, allows an employer to repurchase more of an employee’s shares than previously allowed for tax withholding purposes without triggering liability accounting, allows a company to make a policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur, and eliminates the requirement that excess tax benefits be realized before companies can recognize them. The new guidance also requires excess tax benefits and tax shortfalls to be presented on the cash flow statement as an operating activity rather than as a financing activity, and clarifies that cash paid to a tax authority when shares are withheld to satisfy its statutory income tax withholding obligation are to be presented as a financing activity. For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized no such excess tax benefits and did not withhold shares to satisfy statutory income tax withholding obligations.  The Company adopted this guidance January 1, 2017. The provisions of ASU 2016-09 did not have a material impact on the financial statements or related disclosures.

 

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-08, Receivables-Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs (Subtopic 310-20): Premium Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The guidance is to be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The guidance shortens the amortization period for certain callable debt securities held at a premium, requiring the premium to be amortized to the earliest call date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2017-08 will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted, including adoption in any interim period for which financial statements have not yet been issued. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2017-09 will have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

(2) Net Loss Per Share

The Company calculates basic earnings per share by dividing net loss by the weighted average common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period increased to include, if dilutive, the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares had been issued. The Company’s potentially dilutive shares include stock options, restricted stock units and warrants for common stock.

 

Because the Company reported a net loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, all potentially dilutive shares of common stock have been excluded from the computation of the dilutive net loss per share for all periods presented.  Such potentially dilutive shares of common stock consist of the following:

 

 

 

September 30,

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Potentially dilutive securities, excluded:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding stock options

 

820,587

 

 

 

584,865

 

Unvested restricted stock units

 

15,401

 

 

 

32,402

 

Warrants to purchase common stock

 

3,656,978

 

 

 

3,718,022

 

 

 

4,492,966

 

 

 

4,335,289

 

 

10

 


 

 

(3) Marketable Securities and Fair Value Disclosures

Marketable securities consisted of the following as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (in thousands):

 

 

September 30, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gains

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

Short-term available-for-sale securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate bonds

$

7,313

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

7,310

 

Commercial Paper

 

499

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

499

 

Total

$

7,812

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

7,809

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

Fair

 

 

Cost

 

 

Gains

 

 

Losses

 

 

Value

 

Short-term available-for-sale securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate bonds

$

13,778

 

 

$

 

 

$

(16

)

 

$

13,762

 

Total

$

13,778

 

 

$

 

 

$

(16

)

 

$

13,762

 

Long-term available-for-sale securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate bonds

$

2,355

 

 

$

3

 

 

$

(6

)

 

$

2,352

 

Total

$

2,355

 

 

$

3

 

 

$

(6

)

 

$

2,352

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of September 30, 2017, the amortized cost and estimated fair value of available-for-sale securities by contractual maturity were as follows (in thousands):

 

Amortized

 

 

Fair

 

 

Cost

 

 

Value

 

Due in one year or less

$

7,812

 

 

$

7,809

 

Total

$

7,812

 

 

$

7,809

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 


 

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (exit price). Inputs used to measure fair value are classified into the following hierarchy:

 

Level 1—Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.  The Company’s Level 1 assets consist of money market investments.  The Company does not have any Level 1 liabilities.

 

Level 2—Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability.  The Company’s Level 2 assets consist of corporate bonds and commercial paper securities.  The Company does not have any Level 2 liabilities.

 

Level 3—Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.  The Company does not have any Level 3 assets or liabilities.

The following table identifies the Company’s assets that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

September 30, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market

$

7,792

 

 

$

7,792

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Corporate bonds

 

7,310

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,310

 

 

 

 

Commercial Paper

 

849

 

 

 

 

 

 

849

 

 

 

 

Total

$

15,951

 

 

$

7,792

 

 

$

8,159

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market

$

7,672

 

 

$

7,672

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Corporate bonds

 

16,114

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,114

 

 

 

 

Total

$

23,786

 

 

$

7,672

 

 

$

16,114

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had $8.1 million and $7.7 million, respectively, of cash equivalents consisting of money market funds and commercial paper with original maturities of 90 days or less. The Company has the ability to liquidate these investments without restriction.  The Company determines fair value for these money market funds and equity securities with Level 1 inputs through quoted market prices.  There were no transfers of assets between fair value hierarchy levels during the nine month period ended September 30, 2017.

Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments

The carrying amount of other financial instruments, including accounts payable approximated fair value due to their short maturities.

 

(4) Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment consist of the following (in thousands):

 

 

Estimated Life

 

September 30, 2017

 

 

December 31,

2016

 

Computer equipment

3 years

 

$

82

 

 

$

84

 

Lab equipment

5 years

 

 

142

 

 

 

142

 

Furniture and fixtures

5 years

 

 

83

 

 

 

83

 

Computer software

3 years

 

 

85

 

 

 

85

 

Leasehold improvements

Lesser of useful life or life of the lease

 

 

59

 

 

 

59

 

 

 

 

 

451

 

 

 

453

 

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

(403

)

 

 

(387

)

Property and equipment, net

 

 

$

48

 

 

$

66

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, depreciation and amortization expense was $21,000 and $17,000, respectively.

12

 


 

 

(5) Related Party Arrangements

Transactions with the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer

The Company has entered into unrestricted research grants with its President and Chief Executive Officer’s academic research laboratory at the University of Colorado. Funding of any unrestricted research grants is contingent upon the Company’s financial condition, and can be deferred or terminated at the Company’s discretion. Total expense under these arrangements for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 was $301,000 and $329,000 respectively.  

 

(6) Commitments and Contingencies

The Company has or is subject to the following commitments and contingencies.

Employment Agreements

The Company maintains employment agreements with several key executive employees. The agreements may be terminated at any time by the Company with or without cause upon written notice to the employee, and entitle the employee to wages in lieu of notice for periods not exceeding one calendar year from the date of termination without cause or by the employee for good reason. Certain of these agreements also provide for payments to be made under certain conditions related to a change in control of the Company.

Operating Lease

On August 1, 2013 the Company entered into a lease agreement for approximately 5,300 square feet of office facilities in Westminster, Colorado which has served as the Company’s primary business office since October 1, 2013.  

Effective March 2, 2016, the lease was renewed for an additional 38 month term beginning October 1, 2016 and expiring on November 30, 2019.  Below is a summary of the future minimum lease payments committed for the Company’s facility in Westminster, Colorado as of September 30, 2017 (in thousands):

 

Remainder of 2017

$

21

 

2018

 

88

 

2019

 

83

 

Total future minimum lease payments

$

192

 

 

 

Rent expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 was $62,000 and $62,000, respectively.

Duke University

In November 2013, the Company entered into a clinical research agreement with Duke University (Duke) to serve as the clinical research organization for the Company’s GENETIC-AF clinical study.  Under the agreement the Company is responsible to pay Duke for their work managing certain aspects of the clinical study.  Upon completion of the clinical study, the agreement will terminate.  The agreement can be terminated earlier by the Company for any reason with 90 days written notice to Duke.  In the event of an early termination, the Company and Duke would coordinate efforts for an orderly wind-down of the study, and the Company would be responsible to pay Duke for time and effort incurred through the date of termination and through the wind-down period.  

 

13

 


 

Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Engineering Consultants, LLC

ARCA has licensed worldwide rights to Gencaro, including all preclinical and clinical data from Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Engineering Consultants, LLC (CPEC), who has licensed rights in Gencaro from Bristol Myers Squib (BMS). CPEC is a licensing subsidiary majority-owned by Endo Pharmaceutical Solutions, Inc., formerly Indevus Pharmaceuticals Inc., (a wholly owned subsidiary of Endo Pharmaceuticals), holding ownership rights to certain clinical trial data of Gencaro.  Under the terms of its license agreement with CPEC, the Company will incur milestone and royalty obligations upon the occurrence of certain events.  If the U.S, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) grants marketing approval for Gencaro, the license agreement states that the Company will owe CPEC a milestone payment of $8.0 million within six months after FDA approval. The license agreement states that a milestone payment of up to $5.0 million in the aggregate shall be paid upon regulatory marketing approval in Europe and Japan.  The license agreement also states that the Company’s royalty obligation ranges from 12.5% to 25% of revenue from the related product based on achievement of specified product sales levels, including a 5% royalty that CPEC is obligated to pay under its original license agreement for Gencaro. The agreement states that the Company has the right to buy down the royalties to a range of 12.5% to 17% by making a payment to CPEC within six months of regulatory approval.

See Note 10 for information regarding ARCA’s transaction with CPEC’s minority owner, Aeolus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Aeolus) subsequent to September 30, 2017.

 

(7) Equity Financings and Warrants

2017 Equity Financing

 

On January 11, 2017, the Company entered into a Capital on Demand TM Sales Agreement (the Sales Agreement) with JonesTrading Institutional Services LLC, as agent (JonesTrading), pursuant to which the Company may offer and sell, from time to time through JonesTrading, shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the Common Stock), having an aggregate offering price of up to $7.3 million.  On August 21, 2017, the Company amended its Capital on Demand Sales Agreement. The amendment, among other things, increased the maximum aggregate offering value of shares of the Company’s common stock which the Company may issue and sell from time to time under the Sales Agreement by approximately $2.9 million, from $7.3 million to $10.2 million (the Shares).  

Under the amended Sales Agreement, JonesTrading may sell the Shares by any method permitted by law and deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, including sales made directly on or through The NASDAQ Capital Market, on any other existing trading market for the Common Stock or to or through a market maker. In addition, under the amended Sales Agreement, JonesTrading may sell the Shares by any other method permitted by law, including in negotiated transactions. The Company may instruct JonesTrading not to sell Shares if the sales cannot be effected at or above the price designated by the Company from time to time.

The Company is not obligated to make any sales of the Shares under the amended Sales Agreement. The offering of Shares pursuant to the amended Sales Agreement will terminate upon the earlier of (a) the sale of all of the Shares subject to the amended Sales Agreement or (b) the termination of the amended Sales Agreement by JonesTrading or the Company, as permitted therein.

The Company will pay JonesTrading a commission rate equal to 3.0% of the aggregate gross proceeds from each sale of Shares and have agreed to provide JonesTrading with customary indemnification and contribution rights. The Company will also reimburse JonesTrading for certain specified expenses in connection with entering into and amending the Sales Agreement.

 

As of September 30, 2017, the Company has sold an aggregate of 2,653,440 shares of Common Stock pursuant to the terms of such Sales Agreement, as amended, for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $6.5 million.  Net proceeds received during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 were approximately $6.1 million, including initial expenses for executing the “at the market offering” and commissions to the placement agent.  

There have been no sales under this facility subsequent to September 30, 2017.

Warrants

Warrants to purchase shares of common stock were previously granted as part of various financing and business agreements.  All outstanding warrants were recorded in additional paid-in capital at their estimated fair market value at the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

14

 


 

As of September 30, 2017, these warrants, by year of expiration, are summarized below:

 

Year of Expiration

 

Number

of Warrants

 

 

Weighted Average

Exercise Price

 

2017

 

 

23,970

 

 

$

14.06

 

2018

 

 

963,153

 

 

 

11.77

 

2019

 

 

224,323

 

 

 

15.73

 

2020

 

 

44,299

 

 

 

15.96

 

2022

 

 

2,401,233

 

 

 

6.10

 

 

 

 

3,656,978

 

 

$

8.36

 

 

(8) Share-based Compensation

For the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company recognized the following non-cash, share-based compensation expense in the statements of operations (in thousands):

 

 

Three Months Ended

September 30,

 

 

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

 

2017

 

 

2016

 

Research and development

$

44

 

 

$

94

 

 

$

124

 

 

$

189

 

General and administrative

 

75

 

 

 

173

 

 

 

215

 

 

 

416

 

Total

$

119

 

 

$

267

 

 

$

339

 

 

$

605

 

 

 

Stock option transactions for the nine month period ended September 30, 2017 under the Company’s stock incentive plans were as follows:

 

Number

of Options

 

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Term

(in years)

 

Options outstanding at December 31, 2016

 

629,629

 

 

$

6.30

 

 

 

8.86

 

Granted

 

469,600

 

 

 

2.54

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited and cancelled

 

(278,642

)

 

 

3.38

 

 

 

 

 

Options outstanding at September 30, 2017

 

820,587

 

 

$

5.14

 

 

 

8.65

 

Options exercisable at September 30, 2017

 

294,215

 

 

$

9.27