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EX-21.1 - EX-21.1 - MCBC Holdings, Inc.mcft-20170630ex211263b65.htm
EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - MCBC Holdings, Inc.mcft-20170630ex322505ea0.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - MCBC Holdings, Inc.mcft-20170630ex32198ecee.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - MCBC Holdings, Inc.mcft-20170630ex312ef39dd.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - MCBC Holdings, Inc.mcft-20170630ex3117db3e4.htm
EX-23.1 - EX-23.1 - MCBC Holdings, Inc.mcft-20170630ex231dc0b73.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 


FORM 10-K


 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended: June 30, 2017

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                                    to                                                  

 


Picture 3

MCBC HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


 

Delaware

001-37502

06-1571747

(State or Other Jurisdiction

(Commission

(I.R.S. Employer

of Incorporation or Organization)

File Number)

Identification No.)

 

100 Cherokee Cove Drive, Vonore, TN 37885

(Address of Principal Executive Office) (Zip Code)

 

(423) 884-2221

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

 

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

(Title of Class)


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

☐     Yes               No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

☐     Yes               No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

☑     Yes          ☐     No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

☑     Yes          ☐     No

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.

          

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

☐ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

☐     Yes               No

The aggregate market value of the outstanding common stock, other than shares held by persons who may be deemed affiliates of the registrant, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, which ended January 1, 2017 and based on the closing sale price as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market system, was approximately $271,090,256. As of September 7, 2017, there were 18,637,445 shares of the Registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issued and outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the proxy statement for the 2017 annual meeting of stockholders, which will be filed no later than 120 days after the close of the registrant’s fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.

 

 


 

MCBC HOLDINGS, INC.

 

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

FOR THE YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS 

 

BASIS OF PRESENTATION 

 

 

 

 

PART I 

 

 

Item 1. 

Business

2

Item 1A. 

Risk Factors

18

Item 1B. 

Unresolved Staff Comments

34

Item 2. 

Properties

34

Item 3. 

Legal Proceedings

34

Item 4. 

Mine Safety Disclosures

34

 

 

 

PART II 

 

 

Item 5. 

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

35

Item 6. 

Selected Financial Data

36

Item 7. 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

38

Item 7A. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

53

Item 8. 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

54

Item 9. 

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

54

Item 9A. 

Controls and Procedures

54

Item 9B. 

Other Information

55

 

 

 

PART III 

 

 

Item 10. 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

55

Item 11. 

Executive Compensation

55

Item 12. 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

55

Item 13. 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

55

Item 14. 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

55

 

 

 

PART IV 

 

 

Item 15. 

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

56

 

 

 

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements contained in this Form 10-K that do not relate to matters of historical fact should be considered forward-looking statements, including but not limited to statements regarding our expected market share, business strategy, dealer network, anticipated financial results, and liquidity. We use words such as “could,” “may,” “might,” “will,” “expect,” “likely,” “believe,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” and other similar expressions to identify some forward-looking statements, but not all forward-looking statements include these words. All of our forward- looking statements involve estimates and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Accordingly, any such statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the information described under the caption “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

The forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K are based on assumptions that we have made in light of our industry experience and our perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments, and other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. You should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties (many of which are beyond our control), and assumptions. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, you should be aware that many important factors could affect our actual operating and financial performance and cause our performance to differ materially from the performance anticipated in the forward-looking statements. We believe these important factors include, but are not limited to, those described under “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Form 10-K and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should any of these assumptions prove incorrect, our actual operating and financial performance may vary in material respects from the performance projected in these forward-looking statements.  In addition, new important factors that could cause our business not to develop as we expect may emerge from time to time.

Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement contained in this Form 10-K to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which it is made or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances. The forward-looking statements contained herein should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any date subsequent to the filing date of this Form 10-K.

BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Our fiscal year begins on July 1 and ends on June 30 with the interim quarterly reporting periods consisting of thirteen weeks. Therefore, the quarter end will not always coincide with the date of the end of the calendar month. We refer to our fiscal years based on the calendar-year in which they end. Accordingly, references to fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 represent our financial results for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017, June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015, respectively. For ease of reference, we identify our fiscal years in this Form 10-K by reference to the period from July 1 to June 30 of the year in which the fiscal year ends. For example, “fiscal 2017” refers to our fiscal year ended June 30, 2017.

Unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “MasterCraft,” the “Company,” ”we,” and “us” in this Form 10-K refer to MCBC Holdings, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

 

 

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PART I

 

ITEM 1.BUSINESS

 

Our Company

 

We are a world-renowned innovator, designer, manufacturer, and marketer of premium performance sport boats, with a leading market position in the U.S., a strong international presence, and dealers in 39 countries around the world. Our boats are used for water skiing, wakeboarding, and wake surfing, as well as general recreational boating. We believe that MasterCraft is the most recognized brand name in the performance sport boat category. Founded in 1968, we have cultivated our iconic brand image through a rich history of industry-leading innovation, which has led to numerous industry achievements, awards, and accolades. Our robust product portfolio of performance sport boats is manufactured to the highest specifications in quality, performance, and styling.

 

We are committed to delivering an extraordinary boating experience to our customers. From pioneering innovations that improve enjoyment on the water to offering products that promote rapid development of skills, our mission is to help our customers generate memories that will last a lifetime. We utilize a comprehensive product development process in order to build the most relevant and exciting products for our customers, year after year. We believe that our commitment to quality is unsurpassed in the performance sport boat category, and we engage in operational excellence to deploy flexible and effective production systems that ensure we design and build the highest quality boats in the market.

 

All of our boats, from hull to upholstery, are hand-crafted by our skilled workforce at our corporate headquarters near Knoxville, Tennessee. We use only the highest quality materials from industry-preferred suppliers and all of our boats are extensively tested on the water at our state-of-the-art facility prior to sale. In recent years, we have made significant investments in improving design, engineering, manufacturing, and operational processes as we strive to be the most efficient performance sport boat manufacturer in the industry. We are the only boat manufacturer to achieve compliance with all three of the International Standard for Organization (“ISO”) 9001 (Quality Management Systems), 14001 (Environmental Management Systems), and 18001 (International Occupational Health and Safety Management System) standards. Our industry-leading operations result in world-class quality, which enables us to offer a best-in-class five-year factory warranty and results in MasterCraft boats typically maintaining higher aftermarket resale value than our competitors’ boats.

 

We sell our boats through an extensive network of independent dealers in North America and internationally. Our boats are the exclusive performance sport boats offered by the majority of our dealers. We devote significant time and resources to find, develop, and improve the performance of our dealers. We continuously cultivate and strengthen our dealer relationships with marketing, training, and service programs designed to increase our dealers’ sales and profitability. We believe the strength of our dealer network and our proactive efforts to help our dealers improve their businesses give us a distinct competitive advantage in our industry.

 

Our History

 

MasterCraft was founded in 1968 when we built our first custom hull ski boat in a two-stall horse barn on a farm in Maryville, Tennessee. Dissatisfied with the large wakes and pull of other ski boats, we designed a hull that had the smallest wake in the industry: smooth and low at slalom and jump speeds yet well-defined at trick speeds. Our roots in performance water ski boats were reinforced as we evolved over the next 40 years to produce leading performance-oriented boats in the wakeboarding and wake surfing categories. Today, we continue to produce the industry’s premier competitive water ski, wakeboarding, and wake surfing performance boats that also address our customers’ needs for versatility, flexibility, fun, and functionality.

 

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Our Market Opportunity

 

During 2016, retail sales of new powerboats in the U.S. totaled $8.3 billion. Of the categories defined and tracked by the National Marine Manufacturers Association (“NMMA”) our core market corresponds most directly to the inboard ski/wakeboard category, which we refer to as the performance sport boat category. We believe our addressable market also includes similar and adjacent powerboat categories identified by the NMMA, including sterndrive boats, outboard boats, and jet boats.

 

We believe we are well-positioned to benefit from several trends underway in our addressable market, including:

 

·

performance sport boats are taking greater share of the overall fiberglass powerboat category;

 

·

inventory of two to five year old pre-owned boats has become limited, driving consumers to purchase new boats;

 

·

ease-of-use and performance innovations have accelerated product cycles driving consumer demand for new products; and

 

·

higher consumer confidence influenced by improving macroeconomic conditions, including increased home values and greater workforce participation, has helped to drive increased consumer demand for powerboats.

 

As the recovery in the general economy and overall boating industry from the economic downturn that commenced in 2008 has continued, the performance sport boat category has experienced a robust recovery. According to Statistical Surveys, Inc. (“SSI”), new unit sales of performance sport boats in the U.S. increased at a compound annual growth rate (“CAGR”) of 12.6% from 2013 to 2016 while new unit sales of all fiberglass power boats contracted at a CAGR of 5.5% in the U.S. over the same period. We believe the performance sport boat category has grown at a faster rate due to increased innovation in the features, designs, and layouts of performance sport boats. These innovations have improved the performance, functionality, and versatility of these boats as compared with other recreational powerboats, particularly boats in the sterndrive category, which have not experienced the same degree of innovation. We believe inboard boats are superior to sterndrive boats for tow sports such as water skiing, wakeboarding, and wake surfing for several reasons, including (i) the larger and more propulsive wakes that only inboard engine configurations can enable, (ii) enhanced rider safety as a result of the location of the inboard propeller underneath the boat instead of protruding from the stern, as is generally the case with boats in the sterndrive category, and (iii) relatively more passenger and storage space due to the location of the inboard engine housing.

 

Performance sport boats have also continued to take share from other powerboat categories, in particular the sterndrive category, with new performance sport boat unit sales volume steadily increasing from 2002 through 2016 as a percentage of the total combined new unit sales volume of performance sport and sterndrive boats. We believe our strong market share position and broad offering of boat models and features will continue to attract customers from other powerboat categories to our performance sport boats. While the performance sport boat category has grown in recent years, new unit sales remained significantly below historical peaks. According to NMMA, the 8,782 new performance sport boat units sold in 2016 were approximately 30% below the observed peak in 2006. 

 

The expanding popularity of boating has also contributed to the strong recovery in volumes. We believe we are well-positioned to benefit from the increased popularity of recreational boating and the resulting larger prospective customer base.

 

Our Strengths

 

Iconic Brand Synonymous with Quality, Innovation, and Performance.  We believe the MasterCraft brand is well-known among boating enthusiasts for high performance, premier quality, and relentless innovation. We believe that the market

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recognizes MasterCraft as a premier brand in the performance sport boat category due to the overall superior value proposition that our boats deliver to our customers.

 

The MasterCraft brand is built on a carefully crafted set of defining principles:

 

·

Legacy:  Our heritage of successful product innovations has contributed to our status as one of the most widely recognized brands in the boating industry. We work tirelessly every day to maintain our iconic brand reputation relative to our competition.

 

·

Power:  MasterCraft boats are renowned for their superior performance. For example, our flagship water ski boat, the ProStar, is widely recognized as the premier three-event ski boat in the industry and has been responsible for driving a number of world record ski and ski jumping performances since its launch. Notable achievements include the World Men’s Ski Flying Record of 312 feet and records in over 50 events at the 2014 World 35+ Water Ski Championships, as well as numerous personal records for amateur skiers around the world.

 

·

Precision:  The rigorous attention to detail with which we design and manufacture our products results in high quality boats that command significant resale premiums to comparable competitor boats. The high quality and durability of our products allow us to offer a “stem-to-stern” five-year warranty that comprehensively covers more parts of our boats than warranties offered by any of our competitors.

 

·

Progression:  Our brand is known to represent innovation and achievement. For example, only MasterCraft offers the most boats with a longer, more powerful “Zone 4” surfing wake, which was introduced on the MasterCraft X23, the winner of the 2015 NMMA Innovation Award. “Zone 4” wakes are measured as 15 to 20 feet from the swim platform of the boat and provide more traversable wave surface area and the ability to surf bigger boards. We have pioneered multiple technological innovations in the industry, many of which have advanced the performance standards of our industry and have garnered innovation awards from organizations such as the NMMA and Boating Writers International.

 

Leading Market Share Position in Performance Sport Boat Category.  Over the last decade, we have consistently held a leading market share position in the U.S. among manufacturers of premium performance sport boats based on unit volume. According to SSI our U.S. market share in December of 2016 was 21.5%. We believe our sales have grown as dealers and customers continue to recognize the superior quality, performance, styling, and value of our recently released boats and that we are just starting to realize the market share benefits of the many recent new product offerings and product enhancement initiatives that our management team has implemented during the past several years. For example, our MasterCraft NXT line of entry-level boats further increases our market share as it represents our first offering in this market segment, which accounts for approximately one-third of the performance sport boat category.

 

Industry-Leading Product Design and Innovation.  We believe that our innovation in the design of new boat models and new features has been a key to our success, helping us maintain our market share, command higher price points, and generally broaden the appeal of our products among recreational boaters. As a result of the features we have introduced, we believe that our boats are used for an increasingly wide range of activities. Our commitment to consistently developing new boat models and introducing new features is reflected in several notable recent achievements, including NMMA Innovation Awards for our ProStar water skiing boat, Gen 2 integrated surf system, X23 performance tow boat and the DockStar Handling System. These MasterCraft products helped us win our sixth Innovation Awards in seven years for the performance sport boat category presented by the NMMA at the 2016 Miami Boat Show. Recently we launched the new Dockstar Handling System which is an innovative flanking rudder system that allows drivers to easily maneuver tight spaces and crowded marinas in reverse. Our entire product portfolio has been renewed in the past five years, giving us the

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newest overall product offering in the performance sport boat category, which we believe positions us for strong growth in the coming periods.

 

Highly Efficient Product Development and Manufacturing.  A key to our success has been our renewed focus on operational improvements and world-class business processes. We believe our new product development capabilities are industry-leading and enable us to consistently create unique high performance hull shapes and product features in shorter design iterations and at lower development costs than our competitors. These capabilities enable us to precisely design custom hulls and performance features that enhance each boat’s unique performance characteristics and increase our speed to market with exciting new products.

 

We have also made recent significant investments in infrastructure, value-added processes, and engineering. These investments have resulted in lower material waste, reduced labor hours per boat, reduced re-work, and increased production efficiencies. We were named a 2015 IndustryWeek Best Plant in North America Recipient—the only boat manufacturer to receive that honor. In addition, our manufacturing quality performance has allowed us to reduce our warranty costs even while offering an industry-leading five-year “stem-to-stern” warranty. We believe that our scalability and operational efficiency has allowed us to limit our annual Company-wide weighted average boat price increase to less than 3% annually from model year 2013 to model year 2016, enabling us to narrow the pricing gap between us and our competitors. We are able to narrow this pricing gap while increasing margins by controlling costs through our highly disciplined engineering and manufacturing processes.

 

Strong Dealer Network.  We have worked extensively with our dealers to develop what we believe is the strongest dealer network in the performance sport boat category. Our extensive dealer network allows us to distribute our products more effectively than our competitors. We target our distribution on the category’s highest performing dealers, with more of our dealers placing in Boating Industry magazine’s Top 20 Dealers than any of our competitors in the performance sport boat category. We have established operating processes focused on optimizing dealers’ financial performance and service, and with a track record of balancing wholesale inventory and retail sales we are better able to manage dealer inventory, allowing for more transparent sales estimates and strong dealer relationships. In addition, we have a “stem-to-stern” five-year warranty for all of our product lines. We believe our warranty is simpler and more transparent than those of our competitors, and provide consumers with more peace of mind. This industry-leading warranty encourages customers to continue to visit our dealers for servicing, creating additional opportunities for boat trade-ins and purchases of accessories, thereby improving our dealers’ sales rates and financial health. These actions have strengthened our existing dealer network and are driving increased interest from new potential dealers who want to join the MasterCraft platform.

 

Differentiated Sales and Marketing Capabilities.  We believe our marketing efforts support the MasterCraft brand promise by focusing on the superior MasterCraft value proposition and differentiating the performance and features of our boats. To highlight our performance credibility and generate additional brand excitement, we sponsor the #2, #3, and #5 ranked professional wakeboarding athletes, the #2 ranked water ski jumper, and the #3 ranked male and #3 ranked female water skiers, who all trust the performance of our boats to enhance their careers. In addition, we partner with The Enthusiast Network Media Group (“TEN”), a leading action sports media company with an annual audience of approximately 158 million people, and avid surfers Donavon Frankenreiter and Kelia “Sister” Moniz to promote our boats’ wake surfing capabilities and our brand lifestyle. We also partner with other innovative athletes and brands such as Travis Pastrana, Gregg Godfrey, GoPro, Nixon, Hobie, ESPN, Von Zipper, Sun Bum, Blackberry Farm, Kaboo Music Festival, Stance and Sanuk, all offering compelling co-marketing opportunities to expand our brand’s lifestyle positioning. We believe our superior sales and marketing capabilities effectively communicate our performance, styling, quality, authenticity, and lifestyle, resulting in increased overall customer engagement.

 

Highly Experienced Management Team.  We have a highly seasoned and effective management team. With an average of more than 28 years of boating industry experience, our management team has proven its ability to develop and integrate

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new product lines, enhance operations, strengthen our distribution network, and recruit industry talent. Senior management additions over the past few years have driven improvements to our manufacturing, quality, and product development systems and processes, which have collectively accelerated performance improvements as unit volumes have increased. Our President and Chief Executive Officer, Terry McNew, has 30 years of boating industry experience. He joined MasterCraft in August 2012 after serving as Executive Vice President of Brunswick Corp’s recreational boat group, where he was in charge of manufacturing, product development, and engineering and quality systems. His leadership has helped us implement dramatic process improvements contributing to superior results. Tim Oxley, our Chief Financial Officer, has spent 27 years in the boating industry, including 11 years with MasterCraft, following 16 years with Brunswick Corp. where he served as Chief Financial Officer of several operating divisions.

 

Our Strategy

 

We intend to continue to capitalize on the ongoing recovery in the broader boating industry and performance sport boat category through the following strategies:

 

Continue to Develop New and Innovative Products in Our Core Market.  As a leading innovator, designer, manufacturer, and marketer of premium performance sport boats, we strive to design new and inventive products that appeal to a broad customer base. Since the completion of our management changes in fiscal 2013, we have successfully launched a number of new products and features with best-in-class quality leading to increased sales and significant margin expansion. Furthermore, our unique new product development process enables us to renew our product portfolio with innovative offerings at a rate that we believe will be difficult for our competitors to match without significant additional capital investments. Our process involves each department in collaborative full “team” product launches that enable us to release three new models per year while maintaining superior quality and controlling costs. Our entire product portfolio has been renewed in the past five years. We intend to continue releasing new products and features multiple times during the year, which we believe enhances our reputation as a cutting-edge boat manufacturer and will drive consumer interest in our products.

 

Penetrate the Entry-Level and Mid-Line Segments of the Performance Sport Boat Category.  Our near-term product development strategy is to expand our product line to reach underserved segments of the performance sport boat category that are distinct from our traditional customer base. We believe the launch of our MasterCraft NXT product line has made the MasterCraft brand more accessible to a much broader demographic of the recreational boating industry. With the NXT product line, we are targeting a new market segment for MasterCraft with a product that offers the highest levels of quality, style, reliability, functionality, and performance expected from our MasterCraft brand. The unique design of the MasterCraft NXT, along with our existing supplier relationships, material agreements, and manufacturing processes, allows us to offer this product at an attractive price point for the consumer while sustaining our gross margins and the product attributes critical to the MasterCraft brand. Further broadening our consumer base, we launched the MasterCraft XT product line, our latest multi-sport line. Designed to be do-it-all crossovers, the new XT models will target the sweet spot between our entry-level NXT line and the award-winning, premium X series.

 

Capture Additional Share from Adjacent Boating Categories.  Our culture of innovation enhances our ability to introduce new products with increased versatility, functionality, and performance to a more expansive customer base that values boats for both water sports and general recreational boating purposes. We have experienced success with several recent marketing campaigns that focus on new product launches and help to educate the market on our value proposition to customers. Ultimately, the versatile boating experience delivered by our performance sport boats allows us to attract customers from other boating categories, most notably from the sterndrive category. For example, the MasterCraft X26, our 26 foot boat model, has the capacity to seat 18 people and offers the quality, performance, and styling associated with our iconic brand in a package that can compete with large day cruisers in the sterndrive category.

 

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We intend to further enhance the performance, comfort, and versatility of our products in order to target additional crossover customers seeking high performance powerboats for general recreational activity. We believe that several of our recently launched and planned new products will appeal to a broader range of recreational boaters by offering the performance benefits of our products, including superior drivability and water sports versatility, while also providing greater seating capacity and comfort, a roomy, plush interior and extensive storage space to allow an increased number of family and friends to spend time together on the water.

 

Continuous Operational Improvement to Drive Margin Expansion.  We continue to implement a number of initiatives to reduce our cost base and to improve the efficiency of our manufacturing process. We revamped our manufacturing and product development processes, which led to operational efficiencies that have driven margin expansion. These process improvements have lowered re-work, warranty claims, material waste, and inventory levels, reducing our costs, and have driven improved on-time delivery rates. Additionally, we have fostered a culture of operational improvement within our highly engaged workforce. We have also implemented a faster and more disciplined product development process, which will allow us to completely renew our product portfolio every four years. These processes are now ingrained in the culture at MasterCraft, leading to a Company-wide focus on driving further margin expansion through continuous improvement. We believe these important process improvements and culture of operational excellence provide us with a strong operational foundation.

 

Effectively Manage Dealer Inventory and Further Strengthen Our Dealer Network.  Our goal is to achieve and maintain a leading market share in each of the markets in which we operate. We view our dealers as our partners and product champions. Therefore, we devote significant time and resources to finding high quality dealers, and developing and improving their performance over time. We actively manage dealer inventory levels, as demonstrated by healthy and consistent inventory retail turns and balanced wholesale and retail unit sales, which leads to better margins and improved financial health for our dealers. Additionally, our unique “stem-to-stern” warranty and predictable new product development cycle ensure that our dealers have high quality, compelling, and relevant products to sell to their customers. We believe the quality and trust in our dealer relationships are more beneficial to our long-term success than the quantity of dealers. We continue to leverage that dealer base while proactively developing strategies that will strengthen our overall network. For example, we intend to strengthen our current footprint by selectively recruiting market-leading dealers. We believe our targeted initiatives to enhance and grow our dealer network will increase unit sales in the future.

 

Increase Our Sales in International Markets.  We currently have an extensive international distribution network with 43 international dealers in 75 locations around the world. We believe we have the most well-known brand in the performance sport boat category globally. Based on our brand recognition, innovative product offerings, and distribution strengths, we believe we are well positioned to leverage our reputation and capture additional international sales. We believe that we will increase our international sales by promoting our new products in developed markets where we have a well-established dealer base and in international markets where rising consumer incomes are expected to increase demand for recreational products, such as Australia, Europe, Israel, Dubai, and Brazil. We are also developing new product offerings that will specifically target certain product demand from our international consumers and that we believe will drive further sales growth in international markets. Net sales outside of North America represented 9.1% of net sales volume in fiscal 2017.

 

Our Products

 

We design, manufacture, and sell premium recreational performance sport boats that we believe deliver superior performance for water skiing, wakeboarding, and wake surfing, as well as general recreational boating. In addition, we offer various accessories, including trailers and aftermarket parts.

 

Our MasterCraft-branded portfolio of Star Series, XSeries, XTSeries and NXT boats are designed for the highest levels of performance, styling, and enjoyment for both recreational and competitive use. The Star Series and XSeries are geared

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towards the consumer seeking the most premium and highest performance boating experience that we offer, and generally command a price premium over our competitors’ boats at retail prices ranging from approximately $60,000 to $200,000. The MasterCraft XT line was introduced in July 2016 as a multi-sport, category-defying crossover, with retail prices ranging from approximately $80,000 to $135,000. Unveiled in January 2014, the MasterCraft NXT line introduced the quality, performance, styling, and innovation of the MasterCraft brand to the entry-level consumer, with retail prices ranging from approximately $50,000 to $75,000. We have strategically designed and priced the MasterCraft NXT line to target the fast-growing entry-level customer group that is distinct from our traditional customer base, while maintaining our core MasterCraft brand attributes at profit margins comparable to our other offerings.

 

Over the past 40 years, we have been a leading and consistent innovator in the boating industry, beginning in 1968 with our first custom hull ski boat. We have been the first to market with numerous innovations, including the first swim platform in 1976, the patented wearguard ski pylon in 1989, a V-drive drivetrain and a dedicated wakeboard-specific boat in 1996, a now popular pickle-fork style bow in 2003, a twin V-drive engine in 2004, wake and surf shaping devices in 2009, our patented Gen 2 fully integrated surf system in 2013, and the recently launched Dockstar Handling System. Each of these pioneering introductions has allowed our customers to more fully enjoy the ultimate water skiing, wakeboarding, wake surfing, and on-the-water recreational experience that our boats provide. Throughout our history, our boats have received numerous industry awards for product innovations, including recent NMMA Innovation Awards for our ProStar water skiing boat, Gen 2 integrated surf system, X23 performance tow boat and DockStar Handling System. We launched the new Dockstar Handling System which is an innovative flanking rudder system that allows drivers to easily maneuver tight spaces and crowded marinas in reverse. The revolutionary new technology essentially removes the last entry barrier into the inboard market for owners who previously preferred the handling of an outboard or stern drive configuration when driving in reverse.  We believe our innovative features are important factors in our end consumer’s purchasing decision and the availability and desirability of these features increase our sales and market share. These MasterCraft products helped us win our sixth Innovation Award in seven years for the performance sport boat category presented by the NMMA at the 2016 Miami Boat Show.

 

Our Dealer Network

 

We rely on an extensive network of independent dealers to sell our products in North America and internationally. We target our distribution on the market segment’s highest performing dealers, with more of our dealers placing in Boating Industry magazine’s Top 20 Dealers than any of our competitors in the performance sport boat category. The majority of our dealers are exclusive to our MasterCraft product lines within the performance sport boat category, highlighting the commitment of our key dealers to MasterCraft boats. We establish performance criteria that our dealers must meet as part of their dealer agreements to ensure the continued quality of our dealer network. As members of our network, dealers in North America may qualify for floor plan financing programs, rebates, seasonal discounts, promotional co-op payments, and other allowances.

 

We consistently review our distribution network to identify opportunities to expand our geographic footprint and improve our coverage of the market. We constantly monitor the health and strength of our dealers by analyzing each dealer’s retail sales and inventory frequently, and have established processes to identify underperforming dealers in order to assist them in improving their performance or to allow us to switch to a more effective dealer. These processes also allow us to better manage dealer inventory levels and product turns and contribute to a healthier dealer network that is better able to stock and sell our products. We believe our outstanding dealer network and our proactive approach to dealer management allow us to distribute our products more efficiently than our competitors and will help us capitalize on growth opportunities as our industry volumes continue to increase.

 

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North America.  In North America, we had a total of 96 dealers across 155 locations as of June 30, 2017. We do not have a significant concentration of sales among our dealers. For fiscal 2017, our top ten dealers accounted for approximately 36% of our gross sales and none of our dealers accounted for more than 6.5% of our total sales volume.

 

Outside of North America.  As of June 30, 2017, we had a total of 43 international dealers in 75 locations. We are present in Europe, Australia, Africa, Asia, including Hong Kong and the Middle East. We generated 9.1%, 8.6% and 9.9% of our unit sales outside of North America in fiscal 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively.

 

Dealer Management

 

We have developed a system of financial incentives for our dealers based on achievement of key benchmarks. In addition, we provide our dealers with comprehensive sales training and a complete set of technology-based tools designed to help dealers maximize performance. Our dealer incentive program has been refined through over 45 years of experience with some of the key elements including performance incentives, discounts paid for achieving volume and purchase scheduling targets, and cash discounts during the first six months of the model year to encourage balanced demand throughout the year. In addition, we pay incentives for attending our annual dealer meeting, a three-day event featuring a robust program of dealer training seminars that focus on areas such as sales growth, inventory management, and retail strategy, in addition to product-oriented information. This incentive payment is based on participation by all salespeople from a dealership, not solely the principals.

 

Beyond our incentive programs, we have developed a proprietary web- based management tool that is used by our dealers on a day-to-day basis to improve their own businesses as well as enhance communication with our factory and sales management teams. Our proprietary DealerLink online business-to-business application efficiently executes many critical functions, including warranty registrations, warranty claims, boat ordering and tracking, parts ordering, technical support, and inventory reporting. This system facilitates communication between our sales team and the dealer network and allows our manufacturing department to review customer demand in real time.

 

Our relationship with our dealers is governed by dealer agreements. Each dealer agreement typically has a finite term lasting between one and three years. Our dealer agreements are typically terminable without cause by the dealer at any time and by us with 90 days’ prior notice. We may also generally terminate these agreements immediately for cause upon certain events. Pursuant to our dealer agreements, the dealers typically agree to, among other things (i) represent our products at specified boat shows; (ii) market our products only to retail end users in a specific geographic territory; (iii) promote and demonstrate our products to consumers; (iv) place a specified minimum number of orders of our products during the term of the agreement in exchange for rebate eligibility that varies according to the level of volume they commit to purchase; (v) provide us with regular updates regarding the number and type of our products in their inventory; (vi) maintain a service department to service our products and perform all appropriate warranty service and repairs; and (vii) indemnify us for certain claims.

 

Our dealer network, including all additions, renewals, non-renewals, or terminations, is managed by our sales personnel. Our sales team operates using a semi-annual dealer review process involving our senior management team. Each individual dealer is reviewed semi-annually with a broad assessment across multiple key elements, including the dealer’s geographic region, market share, and customer service ratings, to identify underperforming dealers for remediation and to manage the transition process when non-renewal or termination is a necessary step.

 

Sales Cycles and Floor Plan Financing

 

We manage our annual sales plan through distinct buying periods. Our rebates are tiered so that dealers have a financial incentive to take the stocking risk for boats purchased prior to the traditional retail selling season (April - June). These

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incentives, accompanied by floor plan subsidies for up to nine months from the date of invoice, drive “level loading” of production. During this first part of the model year, many of the dealers’ orders are standard configurations for their showrooms. In the second part of the model year, more boats are customized by retail customers. Many of these custom orders are placed during boat shows, which occur from January through early April across North America.

 

We offer our dealers the opportunity to purchase boats with cash or through floor plan financing programs with third-party floor plan financing providers. We encourage our dealers to purchase in cash by offering them a cash discount. The floor plan financing programs allow dealers to establish lines of credit with third-party lenders to purchase inventory. Upon purchase of a boat, dealers draw on the floor plan facility and the lenders pay the invoice price of the boat directly to us within 10 business days. Collection is guaranteed through an assigned approval number or cash receipt prior to shipment of the boat. Consistent with industry practice, we offer various manufacturer-sponsored floor plan interest programs under which we agree to reimburse our dealers for certain floor plan interest costs incurred for up to nine months from the date of invoice. Cash discounts are offered as an alternative to floor plan subsidies during the “off-season” for retail sales (July - March). These programs encourage dealers to rapidly replenish inventories during the spring and summer retail season, maintain sufficient inventories during the non-peak season, and balance wholesale purchases throughout the year.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the floor plan financing, if a dealer defaults on the terms of its credit line, we agree to repurchase new inventory repossessed from dealerships for a period of up to 30 months from the date of the original sale of the products. Under most circumstances, the repurchase obligation is for any amount outstanding up to 100% of the invoice amount for the first 12 months after sale, 90% of the invoice amount for the next 12 months after sale, and 80% of the invoice amount for the final six months of our repurchase commitment period. Our obligation to repurchase such repossessed products for the unpaid balance of our original invoice price for the boat is subject to reduction or limitation based on the age and condition of the boat at the time of repurchase, and in certain cases, by an aggregate cap on repurchase obligations associated with a particular floor plan financing program.

 

We have not incurred any losses from a finance company mandated repurchase since the recession. Repurchased inventory has historically been resold to other dealers at approximately 80% to 90% of original wholesale prices, thereby avoiding significant losses. During fiscal year ended June 30, 2015, we repurchased 9 units under the repurchase obligation agreement with GE Australia and all of the boats repurchased were re-sold. There were no boats repurchased during the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017 or June 30, 2016. 

 

Marketing and Sales

 

Marketing

 

Our over 45-year history of manufacturing and design leadership has made MasterCraft one of the most well-known and iconic brands in the boating industry. We believe the MasterCraft brand is widely recognized even among non- enthusiasts. We are focused on enhancing the power of our brand through a multifaceted marketing strategy. Our addressable market is targeted through a variety of specialized means, ranging from grass-roots event sponsorships to far-reaching strategic alliances.

 

We have created a unified print and digital advertising strategy that is refreshed each year, featuring the unique attributes of each of our products while maintaining focus on the MasterCraft brand. We maintain a meaningful presence for our Star Series and XSeries product lines in several endemic water sports publications, including, Alliance Wakeboard Magazine, and USA WaterSkier.  Given the prevalence of our products in the markets these publications target, we also benefit from significant unpaid impressions in these industry publications, as our boats frequently appear in feature stories and advertisements for other products. In addition to these traditional marketing channels, in the last several years we have created an active and highly successful digital advertising and social media platform, including the use of Facebook,

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Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and Vimeo to deliver content to our target audience, increase awareness of our brand, foster loyalty, and build a community of MasterCraft enthusiasts. In addition, we benefit from numerous user-generated videos and photos that are uploaded to these websites. An important component of this strategy has been our investment in our own mastercraft.com website. The site is designed to allow significant interaction between us and our customer base through marketing content delivery, message boards, news and event postings, and product updates and specifications. In addition, mastercraft.com’s popular “Design-a-Boat” functionality allows consumers to design a boat and request a dealer quote. The custom-designed product can be transmitted directly to our closest independent dealer as well as our in-house concierge who follows up directly with our dealer leads on behalf of MasterCraft.

 

We are focused on generating relevant and compelling content for our network of customers and enthusiasts in order to drive industry-leading engagement with our target consumer, and our capabilities in this regard have been well recognized both inside and outside our industry. We also selectively partner with leading franchises from other industries that have similar brand attributes and demographic characteristics. The goal of this non-endemic strategy is to create a wider, actionable audience by teaming up with other appropriate brands to get access to their existing market. We partnered with musician and pro surfer Donavon Frankenreiter along with Sanuk and Grind-Media for the launch of the all-new XT23, and worked with leading female surfer, Leila Frost, on the XT22 campaign to communicate the XT's superior crossover performance and to reinforce the lifestyle attributes of our MasterCraft brand. These initiatives not only connect our brand with these valuable and highly recognizable partners, but more importantly they lead to engagement with our end consumers and ultimately to sales leads for our dealers. We believe that our associations with leading franchises and brands such as these reinforce the aspirational, high-performance attributes of our brand, allow us to reach a very large population of affluent, action-oriented consumers as well as new customers for our new products, and allow us to reinforce and expand our MasterCraft brand’s lifestyle positioning.

 

Our leading position in the performance sport boat category is further supported by our sponsorship of some of the most recognizable and successful athletes in water sports, as well as a number of highly visible competitions and events around the world. Our activities in this area serve to deepen the penetration of our brand within the professional and enthusiast community, while also supporting the growth of the sports. The events which we sponsor and in which we and our dealers participate feature the most popular figures in wakeboarding and water skiing, drawing large audiences of enthusiasts to a variety of sites around the country. Furthermore, we sponsor top ranked professional wakeboarding athletes, water ski jumpers, and water skiers. In addition to the advertising generated by the athletes’ success in their sports, we also leverage our sponsorship of these athletes by having them attend boat shows and dealer events and appear in creative media events, in which they garner public relations interest, build our MasterCraft brand, and in many cases help sell our products directly to consumers.

 

We believe that our differentiated marketing capabilities and our multi-channel, content-driven marketing strategies align with our strategic focus on product innovation, performance, and quality to attract aspiring and enthusiast consumers to our brands and products. These sales and marketing efforts allow us to more effectively launch and support our products, help drive actionable sales leads for our dealers, and reinforce our MasterCraft brand and lifestyle attributes.

 

Sales

 

Our sales effort is led by Jay Povlin, our Vice President of Global Sales and Marketing, who joined us in 2013. The North American sales organization includes a national sales manager, four business development managers, and two inside sales managers. Most of our domestic sales team has been with us for at least ten years. Our sales team is further supported by an international sales manager and three independent sales representatives.

 

Our sales organization’s primary role is to manage our network of existing dealers and work with them to increase sales of our products, as well as identifying and recruiting new and replacement dealers that we believe will provide enhanced

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sales and customer service for our end consumers. We employ proactive processes to monitor the health and performance of our dealers, and to help them improve their businesses and their sales of MasterCraft products. Our strategy is to improve the individual market shares of each of our dealers in their respective markets, and to add new dealers in new markets or replace dealers in existing markets where we believe we can achieve improved market share and customer service. We utilize regular performance reviews to drive improvement in underperforming dealers and to determine how to transition to new dealers when necessary. In addition, we employ a number of tools to assist our dealers in improving their performance, including product, sales, and service training, marketing materials and content, and direct interaction with prospective customers such as our factory concierge service. We encourage and expect our sales representatives to serve as advisors to our dealers, and believe this proactive sales approach leads to better dealer relationships and higher sales of our products.

 

Manufacturing

 

All of our boats are designed, manufactured, and lake-tested in our Vonore, Tennessee facility. We are the only boat manufacturer to achieve compliance with all three of the ISO 9001 (Quality Management Systems), 14001 (Environmental Management Systems), and 18001 (International Occupational Health and Safety Management System) standards. The rigorous attention to detail with which we design and manufacture our products results in boats of high quality, which allows us to offer a “stem-to-stern” five-year warranty that comprehensively covers more parts of our boats than warranties offered by any of our competitors. In recognition of our operational excellence, we were named a 2015 IndustryWeek Best Plant in North America Recipient—the only boat manufacturer to receive that honor.

 

Our boats are built through a continuous flow manufacturing process that encompasses fabrication, assembly, quality management, and testing. Each boat is produced over a six and a half day cycle that includes the fabrication of the hull and deck through gelcoat application and fiberglass lamination, grinding and hole cutting, installation of components, rigging, finishing, detailing, and on-the-water testing. We manufacture certain components and subassemblies for our boats, such as upholstery, and procure other components from third-party vendors and install them on the boat. We have several exclusive supplier partnerships for critical purchased components, such as aluminum billet, towers, and engine packages. We also build custom trailers that match the exact size and color of our boats.

 

Our manufacturing efforts are led by Larry Janosek, our Vice President of Operations, who joined us in March 2012 and has more than 19 years of cross-functional business experience in the automotive industry. Our culture of continuous improvement is aptly captured in one of our core operating principles: “Seek Perfection.” Our operations team maintains tight control over all aspects of the process, starting with cross-functional sales planning processes to maximize model mix, daily layered boat audits while products are moving down the line, and real time supervisor-level variance reporting and quality checks that stop the line if defects are identified.

 

In addition, we sponsor a number of best practices programs, including:

 

Ideas Implemented.  Using tools to identify and reduce waste, employees standardize improvement in their work procedures and implement countermeasures to problems identified daily. This program led to tens of thousands of employee improvement suggestions being implemented.

 

Kaizen.  We chartered and began several different continuous workplace improvement, or Kaizen, projects during the year that use cross-functional teams to improve value and reduce waste in a defined narrow scope of work flow or process. These projects, which take on average one month to complete, have generated improvements including cost savings, improved quality, increased output, and additional capacity.

 

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Lean Academy.  We have institutionalized learning in our organization by teaching employees to utilize efficient tools and processes, which we refer to as “lean.” The program has various degrees of development and bronze, silver, and gold certification levels. Participants from all areas of our Company, including manufacturing, product development, and all administrative departments, learn lean manufacturing to enable them to reduce waste and become lean leaders.

 

Our active management process has led to the institution of a number of manufacturing and quality control initiatives on the factory floor, such as the implementation of parts bar coding for improved inventory control, the deployment of automated resin counters for greater materials control, a reduction in the number of mold sets used in the manufacturing process to increase run-rates, and an automated quality control system that creates a “birth certificate” for every boat throughout our 2,500-check manufacturing process. We are one of only sixteen manufacturing sites in the state of Tennessee to have been recognized by the Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development (“TOSHA”) for achieving and maintaining a safe and healthful workplace, as recognized through the receipt of TOSHA’s Commissioner’s Award.  The Commissioner’s Award honors employers and their employees who together have achieved the required number of hours worked without experiencing a lost workday case and have maintained total injury and illness incident rates at least 10% below the national average, an accomplishment that we believe has reduced workers’ compensation claims and warranty costs as our most-experienced employees continue to remain on the job.

 

Product Development and Engineering

 

We are strategically and financially committed to innovation, as reflected in our dedicated product development and engineering group and evidenced by our track record of new product introduction. Our product development and engineering group comprises 20 professionals. These individuals bring to our product development efforts significant expertise across core disciplines, including boat design, computer-aided design, naval engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering. They are responsible for execution of all facets of our new product strategy, starting with design and development of new boat models and innovative features, engineering these designs for manufacturing, and integrating new boats and innovations into production without disruption, at high quality, on time and on budget. Our product development and engineering functions are led by our Vice President of Operations, with significant engagement from our Strategic Portfolio Management Team which includes senior leadership from Sales, Marketing and Finance, all working together to develop our long-term product and innovation strategies.

 

We take a disciplined approach to the management of our product development strategy. We have structured processes to obtain voices of the customer, dealer, and management to guide our long-term product lifecycle and portfolio planning. In addition, extensive testing and coordination with our manufacturing group are important elements of our product development process, which we believe enable us to leverage the lessons from past launches and minimize the risk associated with the release of new products. We have developed a strategy to launch at least three new models each year, which will allow us to renew our product portfolio with innovative offerings at a rate that we believe will be difficult for our competitors to match without significant additional capital investments. In addition to our new product strategy, we manage a separate innovation development process which allows us to design innovative new features for our boats in a disciplined manner and to launch these innovations in a more rapid time frame and with higher quality. These newly implemented processes have reduced the time to market for our new product pipeline.

 

Our research and development center is equipped with computer assisted design (“CAD”) workstations for design development and computer numerically controlled tool paths for molds and parts. The CAD system allows for integration of vendor design resources to improve accuracy and reduce development time. The CAD system also provides flexibility to change fundamental design characteristics through the elimination of iterative prototyping processes and lowers new product development costs through acceleration of the development cycle. Furthermore, the CAD system also allows much greater precision in use of materials and assembly, reducing warranty and manufacturing start-up costs. Models are tested under extreme conditions to validate performance, safety, failure limits, and design intention. After a boat successfully

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completes validation, it is ready for final pricing, marketing, scheduling, and production. Our product development expense for fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015 were $3.6 million, $3.5 million, and $3.0 million, respectively.

 

Suppliers

 

We purchase a wide variety of raw materials from our supplier base, including resins, fiberglass, hydrocarbon feedstocks, and steel, as well as product parts and components such as engines and electronic controls, through a sales order process. We maintain long-term contracts with preferred suppliers and informal arrangements with other suppliers. We have not experienced any material shortages in any of our raw materials, product parts, or components. Temporary shortages, when they do occur, usually involve manufacturers of these products adjusting model mix, introducing new product lines, or limiting production in response to an industry-wide reduction in boat demand.

 

We are focused on developing our supply chain to enable cost improvement, world-class quality, and continuous product innovation. We have engaged our top suppliers in collaborative preferred supplier relationships and have developed processes including annual cost reduction targets, regular reliability projects, and extensive product testing requirements to ensure that our suppliers produce at low cost and to the highest levels of quality expected of the MasterCraft brand. These collaborative efforts begin at the design stage, with our key suppliers integrated into design and development planning well in advance of launch, which allows us to control costs and to leverage the expertise of our suppliers in developing product innovations. We believe these collaborative relationships with our most important suppliers have contributed to our significant improvements in product quality, innovation, and profitability since 2012.

 

The most significant components used in manufacturing our boats, based on cost, are engine packages. We maintain a strong and long-standing relationship with our primary supplier of engine packages, Ilmor Engineering, Inc. “(Ilmor”), whose affiliates produce engines used in a number of leading racing boats and race cars. Ilmor maintains a full-time customer service and warranty staff located at our office, resulting in extremely efficient management of all engine-related matters, mitigating potential warranty risk. As of June 30, 2017, Ilmor is our largest supplier. We work closely with Ilmor to remain at the forefront of engine design, performance, and manufacturing. Engine packages are the most expensive single item input in the boat-building process and we believe our long-term relationship with Ilmor is a key competitive advantage.

 

Transportation

 

We utilize third party logistics and transportation services to deliver our boats to our dealer network. We secure trailer loads of one to four boats at our manufacturing facility. Our third party logistics partners transport them to our domestic dealers or to port for international shipments, generally within one week. A select few dealers near our manufacturing facility have elected to manage transportation and arrange for boats to be picked up directly from our manufacturing facility. Following delivery to port, international shipments are transferred to a third party logistics provider who schedules them for shipment via ocean freight to their destination country.

 

Information Technology

 

Over the last several years, we have made a significant investment in information technology. Our information technology strategy is to fully integrate IT into our business processes and planning initiatives, including not only our internal information management and communications processes but also our marketing and dealer management efforts. Our IT team has been integral to our marketing efforts through functionality such as the “Build-a-Boat” and “Factory Tour” features of our website, helping us to develop stronger engagement between us and our end consumers. In addition, our IT infrastructure is an essential component of our dealer management initiatives, allowing for efficient and timely communications with our dealers and a transparent and effective system for dealer orders and production planning. We

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will continue to invest in our IT infrastructure in order to continue to leverage technology in support of our product development, manufacturing, and marketing strategies.

 

Insurance and Product Warranties

 

We purchase insurance to cover standard risks in our industry, including policies that cover general product liability, workers’ compensation, auto liability, and other casualty and property risks. Our insurance rates are based on our safety record as well as trends in the insurance industry. We also maintain workers’ compensation insurance and auto insurance policies that are retrospective in that the cost per year will vary depending on the frequency and severity of claims in the policy year.

 

We face an inherent risk of exposure to product liability claims in the event that, among other things, the use of our products results in injury. With respect to product liability coverage, we carry customary insurance coverage. Our coverage involves self-insured retentions with primary and excess liability coverage above the retention amount. We have the ability to refer claims to our suppliers and their insurers to pay the costs associated with any claims arising from such suppliers’ products. Our insurance covers such claims that are not adequately covered by a supplier’s insurance and provides for excess secondary coverage above the limits provided by our suppliers.

 

We provide the same product warranties for all of our models. The high quality and durability of our products allow us to offer a “stem-to-stern” five-year warranty that comprehensively covers more parts of our boats than warranties offered by any of our competitors. During the warranty period, we reimburse dealers and MasterCraft authorized service facilities for all or a portion of the cost of repair or replacement performed on the products (mainly composed of parts or accessories provided by us and labor costs incurred by dealers or MasterCraft authorized service facilities). Some materials, components or parts of the boat that are not covered by our product warranties are separately warranted by their manufacturers or suppliers. These other warranties include warranties covering engines, among other components.

 

Intellectual Property

 

We rely on a combination of patent, trademark, and copyright protection, trade secret laws, confidentiality procedures, and contractual provisions to protect our rights in our brand, products, and proprietary technology. We also protect our vessel designs through design registrations. This is an important part of our business and we intend to continue protecting our intellectual property. We currently hold 17 U.S. patents and 2 foreign patents, including a utility patent for an integrated light and tow-line attachment, utility and design patents for our transom surf seating, a utility patent for the DockStar handling system, and 7 utility patents for the Gen 2 surf system technology, which is the only surf system that is custom designed for each hull and allows users to customize a four-zone, 20-foot long wake to rider preferences using a sophisticated-yet-easy-to-use interface. Provided that we comply with all statutory maintenance requirements, our patents are expected to expire between 2021 and 2036. We also hold 11 pending U.S. patent applications and 3 pending foreign patent applications. We also own in excess of 80 registered trademarks in various countries around the world, most notably the MasterCraft name and logo and the Star Series, XSeries, XTSeries, and NXT product family names, and we own several applications for additional registrations. Such trademarks may endure in perpetuity on a country-by-country basis provided that we comply with all statutory maintenance requirements, including continued use of each trademark in each such country. In addition, we own 38 registered U.S. copyrights. Finally, we have registered 29 vessel hull designs with the U.S. Copyright Office, the most recent of which will remain in force through 2024.

 

From time to time, we are involved in intellectual property litigation, either accusing third parties of infringing our intellectual property rights, or defending against third-party claims that we are infringing the intellectual property of others. We are not currently involved in any outstanding intellectual property litigation that we believe, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations. However, we

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cannot predict the outcome of any pending or future litigation, and an unfavorable outcome could have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

 

Competition

 

The powerboat industry, including the performance sport boat category, is highly fragmented, resulting in intense competition for customers and dealers. Competition affects our ability to succeed in both the market segments we currently serve and new market segments that we may enter in the future. We compete with several large manufacturers that may have greater financial, marketing, and other resources than we do. We also compete with a wide variety of small privately held independent manufacturers. Competition in our industry is based primarily on brand name, price, innovative features, design, and product performance. Please see Item 1A, “Risk Factors” — Risks Related to Our Business — Our industry is characterized by intense competition, which affects our sales and profits.

 

Seasonality 

 

Our operating results are subject to annual and seasonal fluctuations resulting from a variety of factors, including:

 

·

seasonal variations in retail demand for boats, with a significant majority of sales occurring during peak boating season, which we attempt to manage by providing incentive programs and floor plan subsidies to encourage dealer purchases throughout the year;

 

·

product mix, which is driven by boat model mix and higher option order rates; while sales of all of our boats generate comparable margins, sales of larger boats and boats with optional content produce higher absolute profits;

 

·

inclement weather, which can affect production at our manufacturing facility as well as consumer demand;

 

·

competition from other performance sports boat manufacturers; and

 

·

general economic conditions.

 

Research and Development 

 

Research and development expenditures for fiscal 2017, 2016, and 2015 were $3.6 million, $3.5 million and $3.0 million, respectively.

 

Environmental, Safety, and Regulatory Matters

 

Our operations are subject to extensive and frequently changing federal, state, local, and foreign laws and regulations, including those concerning product safety, environmental protection, and occupational health and safety. We believe that our operations and products are in compliance with these regulatory requirements. We have received certificates from third-party accreditors of compliance with the ISO 9001 (Quality Management Systems), 14001 (Environmental Management Systems), and 18001 (International Occupational Health and Safety Management System) standards. Historically, the cost of achieving and maintaining compliance with applicable laws and regulations has not been material. However, we cannot assure you that future costs and expenses required for us to comply with such laws and regulations, including any new or modified regulatory requirements, or to address newly discovered environmental conditions, will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results, or cash flow.

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We have not been notified of and are otherwise currently not aware of any contamination at our current or former facilities for which we could be liable under environmental laws or regulations and we currently are not undertaking any remediation or investigation activities in connection with any contamination. However, future spills or accidents or the discovery of currently unknown conditions or non-compliances may give rise to investigation and remediation obligations or related liabilities and damage claims, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results, or cash flow.

 

The regulatory programs that impact our business include the following:

 

Hazardous Substance and Waste Regulations

 

Certain materials used in our manufacturing, including the resins used in production of our boats, are toxic, flammable, corrosive, or reactive and are classified by the federal and state governments as “hazardous materials.” Control of these substances is regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state pollution control agencies under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and related state programs. Storage of these materials must be maintained in appropriately labelled and monitored containers, and disposal of wastes requires completion of detailed waste manifests and recordkeeping requirements. Any failure by us to properly store or dispose of our hazardous materials could result in liability, including fines, penalties, or obligations to investigate and remediate any contamination originating from our operations.

 

OSHA

 

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Act imposes standards of conduct for and regulates workplace safety, including limits on the amount of emissions to which an employee may be exposed without the need for respiratory protection or upgraded plant ventilation. Our facilities are regularly inspected by OSHA and by state and local inspection agencies and departments. We believe that our facilities comply in all material aspects with these regulations. We have made a considerable investment in safety awareness programs and provide ongoing safety training for all of our employees. We have implemented a program that requires frequent safety inspections of our facilities by managers and an internal safety committee. The safety committee, which is led by a dedicated Health and Safety professional, prepares a monthly action plan based on its findings.

 

Clean Air Act

 

The Clean Air Act (the “CAA”) and corresponding state rules regulate emissions of air pollutants. Because our manufacturing operations involve molding and coating of fiberglass materials, which involves the emission of certain volatile organic compounds, hazardous air pollutants, and particulate matter, we are required to maintain and comply with a CAA operating permit (or “Title V” permit). Our Title V Permit requires us to monitor our emissions and periodically certify that our emissions are within specified limits. To date, we have not had material difficulty complying with those limits.

 

In addition to the regulation of our manufacturing operations, the EPA has adopted regulations stipulating that many marine propulsion engines meet an air emission standard that requires fitting a catalytic converter to the engine. The engines used in our products, all of which are manufactured by third parties, are warrantied by the manufacturers to be in compliance with the EPA’s emission standards. The additional cost of complying with these regulations has increased our cost to purchase the engines and, accordingly, has increased the cost to manufacture our products.

 

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If we are not able to pass these additional costs along to our customers, it may have a negative impact on our business and financial condition.

 

Boat Safety Standards

 

Powerboats sold in the U.S. must be manufactured to meet the standards of certification required by the U.S. Coast Guard. In addition, boats manufactured for sale in the European Community must be certified to meet the European Community’s imported manufactured products standards. These certifications specify standards for the design and construction of powerboats. We believe that all of our boats meet these standards. In addition, safety of recreational boats is subject to federal regulation under the Boat Safety Act of 1971, which requires boat manufacturers to recall products for replacement of parts or components that have demonstrated defects affecting safety. In the past, we have instituted recalls for defective component parts produced by us or certain of our third-party suppliers. None of these recalls has had a material adverse effect on our Company.

 

Employees

 

We believe we maintain excellent relations with our employees, treating them as business partners and focusing on building their careers. We have approximately 490 employees as of June 30, 2017. Our employees are fully integrated into our continuous improvement culture and are empowered to seek out waste reduction and cost improvement opportunities throughout our manufacturing process. This engagement resulted in tens of thousands of employee suggestions being implemented for operating improvements. None of our employees are represented by a labor union, and since our founding in 1968, we have never experienced a labor-related work stoppage.

 

Other Information

 

We were incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware under the name MCBC Holdings, Inc. on January 28, 2000. In July 2015, we completed an initial public offering of our common stock. We maintain a website with the address www.mastercraft.com. We are not including the information contained in our website as part of, or incorporating it by reference into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We make available, free of charge through our website, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to these reports as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file these materials with, or otherwise furnish them to, the SEC.

 

ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS.

 

RISK FACTORS

 

Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the following risk factors, as well as other information in this Form 10-K, before deciding whether to invest in shares of our common stock. The occurrence of any of the events described below could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations, and growth prospects. In such an event, the trading price of our common stock may decline and you may lose all or part of your investment.

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

General economic conditions, particularly in the U.S., affect our industry, demand for our products and our business, and results of operations.

 

Demand for premium sport boat brands has been significantly influenced by weak economic conditions, low consumer confidence, high unemployment, and increased market volatility worldwide, especially in the U.S. In times of economic

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uncertainty and contraction, consumers tend to have less discretionary income and tend to defer or avoid expenditures for discretionary items, such as our products. Sales of our products are highly sensitive to personal discretionary spending levels. Our business is cyclical in nature and its success is impacted by economic conditions, the overall level of consumer confidence and discretionary income levels. Any substantial deterioration in general economic conditions that diminishes consumer confidence or discretionary income may reduce our sales and materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. We cannot predict the duration or strength of an economic recovery, either in the U.S. or in the specific markets where we sell our products. Corporate restructurings, layoffs, declines in the value of investments and residential real estate, higher gas prices, higher interest rates, and increases in federal and state taxation may each materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Consumers often finance purchases of our products. Although consumer credit markets have improved, consumer credit market conditions continue to influence demand, especially for boats, and may continue to do so. There continue to be fewer lenders, tighter underwriting and loan approval criteria, and greater down payment requirements than in the past. If credit conditions worsen, and adversely affect the ability of consumers to finance potential purchases at acceptable terms and interest rates, it could result in a decrease in the sales of our products.

 

Our annual and quarterly financial results are subject to significant fluctuations depending on various factors, many of which are beyond our control.

 

Our sales and operating results can vary significantly from quarter to quarter and year to year depending on various factors, many of which are beyond our control. These factors include, but are not limited to:

 

·

seasonal consumer demand for our products;

·

discretionary spending habits;

·

changes in pricing in, or the availability of supply in, the used powerboat market;

·

failure to maintain a premium brand image;

·

disruption in the operation of our manufacturing facilities;

·

variations in the timing and volume of our sales;

·

the timing of our expenditures in anticipation of future sales;

·

sales promotions by us and our competitors;

·

changes in competitive and economic conditions generally;

·

consumer preferences and competition for consumers’ leisure time;

·

impact of unfavorable weather conditions;

·

changes in the cost or availability of our labor; and

·

increased fuel prices.

 

Due to these and other factors, our results of operations may decline quickly and significantly in response to changes in order patterns or rapid decreases in demand for our products. We anticipate that fluctuations in operating results will continue in the future.

 

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Unfavorable weather conditions may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations, especially during the peak boating season.

 

Adverse weather conditions in any year in any particular geographic region may adversely affect sales in that region, especially during the peak boating season. Sales of our products are generally stronger just before and during spring and summer, which represent the peak boating months in most of our markets, and favorable weather during these months generally has a positive effect on consumer demand. Conversely, unseasonably cool weather, excessive rainfall, reduced rainfall levels, or drought conditions during these periods may close area boating locations or render boating dangerous or inconvenient, thereby generally reducing consumer demand for our products. Our annual results would be materially and adversely affected if our net sales were to fall below expected seasonal levels during these periods. We may also experience more pronounced seasonal fluctuation in net sales in the future as we continue to expand our businesses. Additionally, to the extent that unfavorable weather conditions are exacerbated by global climate change or otherwise, our sales may be affected to a greater degree than we have previously experienced. There can be no assurance that weather conditions will not have a material effect on the sales of any of our products.

 

We depend on our network of independent dealers, face increasing competition for dealers, and have little control over their activities.

 

Substantially all of our sales are derived from our network of independent dealers. We have agreements with the dealers in our network that typically provide for one-year terms, although some agreements have a term of up to three years. For fiscal 2017, our top ten dealers accounted for 36% of our total units sold. The loss of a significant number of these dealers could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. The number of dealers supporting our products and the quality of their marketing and servicing efforts are essential to our ability to generate sales. Competition for dealers among performance sport boat manufacturers continues to increase based on the quality, price, value, and availability of the manufacturers’ products, the manufacturers’ attention to customer service, and the marketing support that the manufacturer provides to the dealers. We face intense competition from other performance sport boat manufacturers in attracting and retaining dealers (some of whom also sell products from other performance sport boat manufactures), affecting our ability to attract or retain relationships with qualified and successful dealers. Although our management believes that the quality of our products in the performance sport boat industry should permit us to maintain our relationships with our dealers and our market share position, there can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain or improve our relationships with our dealers or our market share position. In addition, independent dealers in the powerboat industry have experienced significant consolidation in recent years, which could result in the loss of one or more of our dealers in the future if the surviving entity in any such consolidation purchases similar products from a competitor. A substantial deterioration in the number of dealers or quality of our network of dealers would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Our success depends, in part, upon the financial health of our dealers and their continued access to financing.

 

Because we sell nearly all of our products through dealers, their financial health is critical to our success. Our business, financial condition, and results of operations may be adversely affected if the financial health of the dealers that sell our products suffers. Their financial health may suffer for a variety of reasons, including a downturn in general economic conditions, rising interest rates, higher rents, increased labor costs and taxes, compliance with regulations, and personal financial issues.

 

In addition, our dealers require adequate liquidity to finance their operations, including purchases of our products. Dealers are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties that could unfavorably affect their liquidity positions, including, among other things, continued access to adequate financing sources on a timely basis on reasonable terms. These sources of financing are vital to our ability to sell products through our distribution network. Access to floor plan financing generally

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facilitates our dealers’ ability to purchase boats from us, and their financed purchases reduce our working capital requirements. If floor plan financing were not available to our dealers, our sales and our working capital levels would be adversely affected. The availability and terms of financing offered by our dealers’ floor plan financing providers will continue to be influenced by:

 

·

their ability to access certain capital markets and to fund their operations in a cost-effective manner;

 

·

the performance of their overall credit portfolios;

 

·

their willingness to accept the risks associated with lending to dealers; and

 

·

the overall creditworthiness of those dealers.

 

We may be required to repurchase inventory of certain dealers.

 

Many of our dealers have floor plan financing arrangements with third-party finance companies that enable the dealers to purchase our products. In connection with these agreements, we may have an obligation to repurchase our products from a finance company under certain circumstances, and we may not have any control over the timing or amount of any repurchase obligation nor have access to capital on terms acceptable to us to satisfy any repurchase obligation. This obligation is triggered if a dealer defaults on its debt obligations to a finance company, the finance company repossesses the boat and the boat is returned to us. Our obligation to repurchase a repossessed boat for the unpaid balance of our original invoice price for the boat is subject to reduction or limitation based on the age and condition of the boat at the time of repurchase, and in certain cases, by an aggregate cap on repurchase obligations associated with a particular floor plan financing program. We have not incurred any losses from a finance company mandated repurchase since the recession. Repurchased inventory has historically been resold to other dealers at approximately 80% to 90% of original wholesale prices, thereby avoiding significant losses. During fiscal year ended June 30, 2015, we repurchased 9 units under the repurchase obligation agreement with GE Australia and all of the boats repurchased were re-sold. There were no boats repurchased during the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017 or June 30, 2016. In addition, applicable laws regulating dealer relations may also require us to repurchase our products from our dealers under certain circumstances, and we may not have any control over the timing or amount of any repurchase obligation nor have access to capital on terms acceptable to us to satisfy any repurchase obligation. If we were obligated to repurchase a significant number of units under any repurchase agreement or under applicable dealer laws, our business, operating results, and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

If we fail to manage our manufacturing levels while still addressing the seasonal retail pattern for our products, our business and margins may suffer.

 

The seasonality of retail demand for our products, together with our goal of balancing production throughout the year, requires us to manage our manufacturing and allocate our products to our dealer network to address anticipated retail demand. Our dealers must manage seasonal changes in consumer demand and inventory. If our dealers reduce their inventories in response to weakness in retail demand, we could be required to reduce our production, resulting in lower rates of absorption of fixed costs in our manufacturing and, therefore, lower margins. As a result, we must balance the economies of level production with the seasonal retail sales pattern experienced by our dealers. Failure to adjust manufacturing levels adequately may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We have a large fixed cost base that will affect our profitability if our sales decrease.

 

The fixed cost levels of operating a powerboat manufacturer can put pressure on profit margins when sales and production decline. Our profitability depends, in part, on our ability to spread fixed costs over a sufficiently large number of products

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sold and shipped, and if we make a decision to reduce our rate of production, gross or net margins could be negatively affected. Consequently, decreased demand or the need to reduce production can lower our ability to absorb fixed costs and materially impact our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Our industry is characterized by intense competition, which affects our sales and profits.

 

The performance sport boat category and the powerboat industry as a whole are highly competitive for consumers and dealers. We also compete against consumer demand for used boats. Competition affects our ability to succeed in both the markets we currently serve and new markets that we may enter in the future. Competition is based primarily on brand name, price, product selection, and product performance. We compete with several large manufacturers that may have greater financial, marketing, and other resources than we do and who are represented by dealers in the markets in which we now operate and into which we plan to expand. We also compete with a variety of small, independent manufacturers. We cannot assure you that we will not face greater competition from existing large or small manufacturers or that we will be able to compete successfully with new competitors. Our failure to compete effectively with our current and future competitors would adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Our sales may be adversely impacted by increased consumer preference for used boats or the supply of new boats by competitors in excess of demand.

 

During the economic downturn that commenced in 2008, we observed a shift in consumer demand toward purchasing more used boats, primarily because prices for used boats are typically lower than retail prices for new boats. If this were to occur again, it could have the effect of reducing demand among retail purchasers for our new boats. Also, while we have taken steps designed to balance production volumes for our boats with demand, our competitors could choose to reduce the price of their products, which could have the effect of reducing demand for our new boats. Reduced demand for new boats could lead to reduced sales by us, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations, and financial condition.

 

Our sales and profitability depend, in part, on the successful introduction of new products.

 

Market acceptance of our products depends on our technological innovation and our ability to implement technology in our boats. Our sales and profitability may be adversely affected by difficulties or delays in product development, such as an inability to develop viable or innovative new products. Our failure to introduce new technologies and product offerings that consumers desire could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Also, we have been able to achieve higher margins in part as a result of the introduction of new features or enhancements to our existing boat models. If we fail to introduce new features or those we introduce fail to gain market acceptance, our margins may suffer.

 

In addition, some of our direct competitors and indirect competitors may have significantly more resources to develop and patent new technologies. It is possible that our competitors will develop and patent equivalent or superior technologies and other products that compete with ours. They may assert these patents against us and we may be required to license these patents on unfavorable terms or cease using the technology covered by these patents, either of which would harm our competitive position and may materially adversely affect our business.

 

We also cannot be certain that our products or features have not infringed or will not infringe the proprietary rights of others. Any such infringement could cause third parties, including our competitors, to bring claims against us, resulting in significant costs and potential damages.

 

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Our international markets require significant management attention, expose us to difficulties presented by international economic, political, legal, and business factors, and may not be successful or produce desired levels of sales and profitability.

 

We currently sell our products throughout the world. International markets have been, and will continue to be, a focus for sales growth. We believe many opportunities exist in the international markets, and over time we intend for international sales to comprise a larger percentage of our total revenue. Several factors, including weakened international economic conditions, could adversely affect such growth and there can be no assurance that we will be able to sustain our current international sales levels in the future. The expansion of our existing international operations and entry into additional international markets require significant management attention. Some of the countries in which we market, and in which our distributors or licensee(s) sell our products, are subject to political, economic, or social instability. Our international operations expose us and our representatives, agents, and distributors to risks inherent in operating in foreign jurisdictions. These risks include, but are not limited to:

 

·

increased costs of customizing products for foreign countries;

 

·

unfamiliarity with local demographics, consumer preferences, and discretionary spending patterns;

 

·

difficulties in attracting customers due to a reduced level of customer familiarity with our brand;

 

·

competition with new, unfamiliar competitors;

 

·

the imposition of additional foreign governmental controls or regulations, including rules relating to environmental, health, and safety matters and regulations, and other laws applicable to publicly-traded companies, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, or the FCPA;

 

·

new or enhanced trade restrictions and restrictions on the activities of foreign agents, representatives, and distributors;

 

·

the imposition of increases in costly and lengthy import and export licensing and other compliance requirements, customs duties and tariffs, license obligations, and other non-tariff barriers to trade;

 

·

the relative strength of the U.S. dollar compared to local currency, making our products less price-competitive relative to products manufactured outside of the U.S.;

 

·

laws and business practices favoring local companies;

 

·

longer payment cycles and difficulties in enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through certain foreign legal systems;

 

·

difficulties in enforcing or defending intellectual property rights; and

 

·

insurrection or war that may disrupt or limit our relationships with our foreign customers.

 

Our international operations may not produce desired levels of total sales, or one or more of the foregoing factors may harm our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

 

Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could result in declines in our reported sales and net earnings.

 

The changing relationships of primarily the U.S. dollar to the Canadian dollar, the Australian dollar, the euro, the British Pound Sterling, the Japanese yen, and certain other foreign currencies have from time to time had a negative impact on our results of operations. Fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to these foreign currencies can adversely affect the price of our products in foreign markets and the costs we incur to import certain components for our products.

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In addition, we will often attempt to offset these higher prices with increased discounts, which can lead to reduced net sales per unit.

 

We compete with a variety of other activities for consumers’ scarce leisure time.

 

Our boats are used for recreational and sport purposes, and demand for our boats may be adversely affected by competition from other activities that occupy consumers’ leisure time and by changes in consumer lifestyle, usage pattern, or taste. Similarly, an overall decrease in consumer leisure time may reduce consumers’ willingness to purchase and enjoy our products.

 

Our success depends upon the continued strength of our brand and the value of our brand, and sales of our products could be diminished if we, the athletes who use our products, or the sports and activities in which our products are used are associated with negative publicity.

 

We believe that our brand is a significant contributor to the success of our business and that maintaining and enhancing our brand is important to expanding our consumer and dealer base. Failure to continue to protect our brand may adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Negative publicity, including that resulting from severe injuries or death occurring in the sports and activities in which our products are used, could negatively affect our reputation and result in restrictions, recalls, or bans on the use of our products. Further, actions taken by athletes associated with our products that harm the reputations of those athletes could also harm our brand image and adversely affect our financial condition. If the popularity of the sports and activities for which we design, manufacture, and sell products were to decrease as a result of these risks or any negative publicity, sales of our products could decrease, which could have an adverse effect on our net sales, profitability, and operating results. In addition, if we become exposed to additional claims and litigation relating to the use of our products, our reputation may be adversely affected by such claims, whether or not successful, including by generating potential negative publicity about our products, which could adversely impact our business and financial condition.

 

We may not be able to execute our manufacturing strategy successfully, which could cause the profitability of our products to suffer.

 

Our manufacturing strategy is designed to improve product quality and increase productivity, while reducing costs and increasing flexibility to respond to ongoing changes in the marketplace. To implement this strategy, we must be successful in our continuous improvement efforts, which depend on the involvement of management, production employees, and suppliers. Any inability to achieve these objectives could adversely impact the profitability of our products and our ability to deliver desirable products to our consumers.

 

Our ability to meet our manufacturing workforce needs is crucial to our results of operations and future sales and profitability.

 

We rely on the existence of an available hourly workforce to manufacture our boats. We cannot assure you that we will be able to attract and retain qualified employees to meet current or future manufacturing needs at a reasonable cost, or at all. Although none of our employees are currently covered by collective bargaining agreements, we cannot assure you that our employees will not elect to be represented by labor unions in the future, which could increase our labor costs. Additionally, competition for qualified employees could require us to pay higher wages to attract a sufficient number of employees. Significant increases in manufacturing workforce costs could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

 

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We rely on third-party suppliers and, in particular, a single supplier of the engine packages used in the manufacturing of our boats.

 

We depend on third-party suppliers to provide components and raw materials essential to the construction of our boats. While we believe that our relationships with our current suppliers are sufficient to provide the materials necessary to meet present production demand, we cannot assure you that these relationships will continue or that the quantity or quality of materials available from these suppliers will be sufficient to meet our future needs, irrespective of whether we successfully implement our growth strategy. As production increases, our need for raw materials and supplies will increase. Our suppliers must be prepared to ramp up operations and, in many cases, hire additional workers and/or expand capacity in order to fulfill the orders placed by us and other customers. Operational and financial difficulties that our suppliers may face in the future could adversely affect their ability to supply us with the parts and components we need, which could significantly disrupt our operations.

 

The availability and cost of engines used in the manufacture of our boats are especially critical. For fiscal 2016, we purchased all of the inboard engine packages for our MasterCraft brand boats from Ilmor. While we believe that our relationship with Ilmor is sufficient to provide the materials necessary to meet present production demand, there can be no assurance that it will continue or that the quantity or quality of the engines provided will be sufficient to meet our future needs, irrespective of whether we successfully implement our growth strategy. If we are required to replace Ilmor as our inboard engine supplier, it could cause a decrease in products available for sale or an increase in the cost of goods sold, either of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition to the risk of interruption of our engine supply, Ilmor could potentially exert significant bargaining power over price, quality, warranty claims, or other terms relating to the inboard engines we use. We are required to purchase a minimum volume of engines from Ilmor annually or pay a penalty to Ilmor in order to maintain our exclusivity. While these minimums are significantly below our current volumes, there can be no assurance that we will continue to meet these minimums in the future.

 

Termination or interruption of informal supply arrangements could have a material adverse effect on our business or results of operations.

 

We have informal supply arrangements with some of our suppliers, including the sole supplier of our gas and ballast tanks. In the event of a termination of a supply arrangement, there can be no assurance that alternate supply arrangements will be made on satisfactory terms. If we need to enter into supply arrangements on unsatisfactory terms, or if there are any delays to our supply arrangements, it could adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

We depend upon key personnel and we may not be able to retain them or attract, assimilate, and retain highly qualified employees in the future.

 

Our future success will depend in significant part upon the continued service of our senior management team and our continuing ability to attract, assimilate, and retain highly qualified and skilled managerial, product development, manufacturing, marketing, and other personnel. The loss of the services of any members of our senior management or other key personnel or the inability to hire or retain qualified personnel in the future could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

We may attempt to grow our business through acquisitions or strategic alliances and new partnerships, which we may not be successful in completing or integrating.

 

We may in the future explore acquisitions and strategic alliances that will enable us to acquire complementary skills and capabilities, offer new products, expand our consumer base, enter new product categories or geographic markets, and obtain other competitive advantages. We cannot assure you, however, that we will identify acquisition candidates or

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strategic partners that are suitable to our business, obtain financing on satisfactory terms, complete acquisitions or strategic alliances, or successfully integrate acquired operations into our existing operations. Once integrated, acquired operations may not achieve anticipated levels of sales or profitability, or otherwise perform as expected. Acquisitions also involve special risks, including risks associated with unanticipated challenges, liabilities and contingencies, and diversion of management attention and resources from our existing operations. Similarly, our partnership with leading franchises from other industries to market our products or with third-party technology providers to introduce new technology to the market may not achieve anticipated levels of consumer enthusiasm and acceptance, or achieve anticipated levels of sales or profitability, or otherwise perform as expected.

 

Our intellectual property rights may be inadequate to protect our business.

 

We attempt to protect our intellectual property through a combination of patent, trademark, copyright, protected design, and trade secret laws. We hold patents, trademarks, copyrights, and design rights relating to various aspects of our products and believe that proprietary technical know-how is important to our business. Proprietary rights relating to our products are protected from unauthorized use by third parties only to the extent that they are covered by valid and enforceable patents, trademarks, or copyrights, to the extent they are protected designs, or to the extent they are maintained in confidence as trade secrets.

 

We cannot be certain that we will be issued any patents from any pending or future patent applications owned by or licensed to us, or that the claims allowed under any issued patents will be sufficiently broad to protect our technology. Further, the patents we own could be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented by others. Further, we cannot assure you that competitors will not infringe our patents, or that we will have adequate resources to enforce our patents.

 

We also rely on unpatented proprietary technology. It is possible that others will independently develop the same or similar technology or otherwise obtain access to our unpatented technology. To protect our trade secrets and other proprietary information, we require employees, consultants, advisors, and collaborators to enter into confidentiality agreements. We cannot assure you that these agreements will provide meaningful protection for our trade secrets, know-how, or other proprietary information in the event of any unauthorized use, misappropriation, or disclosure of such trade secrets, know-how, or other proprietary information. If we are unable to maintain the proprietary nature of our technologies, we could be materially adversely affected.

 

Further, we have attempted to protect certain of our vessel hull designs by seeking to register those designs with the United States Copyright Office. We cannot assure you that our applications will be approved. If approved, protection of the vessel design lasts ten years. However, our protected vessel hull designs could be challenged, invalidated, or circumvented by others. Further, we cannot assure you that competitors will not infringe our designs, or that we will have adequate resources to enforce our rights.

 

We rely on our trademarks, trade names, and brand names to distinguish our products from the products of our competitors, and have registered or applied to register many of these trademarks. We cannot assure you that our trademark applications will be approved. Third parties may also oppose our trademark applications, or otherwise challenge our use of the trademarks. In the event that our trademarks are successfully challenged, we could be forced to rebrand our products, which could result in loss of brand recognition, and could require us to devote resources to advertising and marketing new brands. Further, we cannot assure you that competitors will not infringe our trademarks, or that we will have adequate resources to enforce our trademarks.

 

If third parties claim that we infringe upon their intellectual property rights, our financial condition could be adversely affected.

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We face the risk of claims that we have infringed third parties’ intellectual property rights. Any claims of patent or other intellectual property infringement, even those without merit, could be expensive and time consuming to defend, cause us to cease making, licensing, or using products that incorporate the challenged intellectual property, require us to redesign, reengineer, or rebrand our products, if feasible, divert management’s attention and resources, or require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements in order to obtain the right to use a third party’s intellectual property. Any royalty or licensing agreements, if required, may not be available to us on acceptable terms or at all. A successful claim of infringement against us could result in our being required to pay significant damages, enter into costly license or royalty agreements, or stop the sale of certain products, any of which could have a negative impact on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. While we are not currently involved in any outstanding intellectual property litigation that we believe, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations, we cannot predict the outcome of any pending litigation and an unfavorable outcome could have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

 

Product liability, warranty, personal injury, property damage, and recall claims may materially affect our financial condition and damage our reputation.

 

We are engaged in a business that exposes us to claims for product liability and warranty claims in the event our products actually or allegedly fail to perform as expected, or the use of our products results, or is alleged to result, in property damage, personal injury, or death. We have in the past incurred such liabilities and may in the future be exposed to liability for such claims. Although we maintain product and general liability insurance of the types and in the amounts that we believe are customary for the industry, we are not fully insured against all such potential claims. We may experience legal claims in excess of our insurance coverage or claims that are not covered by insurance, either of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Adverse determination of material product liability and warranty claims made against us could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and harm our reputation. In addition, if any of our products are, or are alleged to be, defective, we may be required to participate in a recall of that product if the defect or alleged defect relates to safety. These and other claims we may face could be costly to us and require substantial management attention.

 

Significant product repair and/or replacement due to product warranty claims or product recalls could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations.

 

We provide a limited warranty for a period of five years. We may provide longer warranties related to certain promotional programs, as well as longer warranties in certain geographical markets as determined by local regulations and market conditions. Although we employ quality control procedures, sometimes a product is distributed that needs repair or replacement. Our standard warranties require us or our dealers to repair or replace defective products during such warranty periods at no cost to the consumer. Historically, product recalls have been administered through our dealers and distributors. The repair and replacement costs we could incur in connection with a recall could adversely affect our business. In addition, product recalls could harm our reputation and cause us to lose customers, particularly if recalls cause consumers to question the safety or reliability of our products.

 

The nature of our business exposes us to workers’ compensation claims and other workplace liabilities.

 

Certain materials we use require our employees to handle potentially hazardous or toxic substances. While our employees who handle these and other potentially hazardous or toxic materials receive specialized training and wear protective clothing, there is still a risk that they, or others, may be exposed to these substances. Exposure to these substances could result in significant injury to our employees and damage to our property or the property of others, including natural resource damage. Our personnel are also at risk for other workplace- related injuries, including slips and falls. We have in the past been, and may in the future be, subject to fines, penalties, and other liabilities in connection with any such injury or damage.

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Although we currently maintain what we believe to be suitable and adequate insurance in excess of our self- insured amounts, we may be unable to maintain such insurance on acceptable terms or such insurance may not provide adequate protection against potential liabilities.

 

We may be subject to information technology system failures, network disruptions, and breaches in data security.

 

We use many information technology systems and their underlying infrastructure to operate our business. The size and complexity of our computer systems make them potentially vulnerable to breakdown, malicious intrusion, and random attack. Likewise, data privacy breaches by employees or others with permitted access to our systems may pose a risk that sensitive data may be exposed to unauthorized persons or to the public. While we have invested in protection of data and information technology, there can be no assurance that our efforts will prevent breakdowns or breaches in our systems that could adversely affect our business.

 

An increase in energy costs may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

Higher energy costs result in increases in operating expenses at our manufacturing facility and in the expense of shipping products to our dealers. In addition, increases in energy costs may adversely affect the pricing and availability of petroleum-based raw materials, such as resins and foams that are used in our products. Also, higher fuel prices may have an adverse effect on demand for our boats, as they increase the cost of ownership and operation.

 

We are subject to U.S. and other anti-corruption laws, trade controls, economic sanctions, and similar laws and regulations, including those in the jurisdictions where we operate. Our failure to comply with these laws and regulations could subject us to civil, criminal, and administrative penalties and harm our reputation.

 

Doing business on a worldwide basis requires us to comply with the laws and regulations of various foreign jurisdictions. These laws and regulations place restrictions on our operations, trade practices, partners, and investment decisions. In particular, our operations are subject to U.S. and foreign anti-corruption and trade control laws and regulations, such as the FCPA, export controls, and economic sanctions programs, including those administered by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control, or OFAC. As a result of doing business in foreign countries and with foreign partners, we are exposed to a heightened risk of violating anti-corruption and trade control laws and sanctions regulations.

 

The FCPA prohibits us from providing anything of value to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business or securing any improper business advantage. It also requires us to keep books and records that accurately and fairly reflect our transactions.

 

Economic sanctions programs restrict our business dealings with certain sanctioned countries, persons, and entities. In addition, because we act through dealers and distributors, we face the risk that our dealers, distributors, or consumers might further distribute our products to a sanctioned person or entity, or an ultimate end-user in a sanctioned country, which might subject us to an investigation concerning compliance with OFAC or other sanctions regulations.

 

Violations of anti-corruption and trade control laws and sanctions regulations are punishable by civil penalties, including fines, denial of export privileges, injunctions, asset seizures, debarment from government contracts, and revocations or restrictions of licenses, as well as criminal fines and imprisonment. We cannot assure you that all of our local, strategic, or joint partners will comply with these laws and regulations, in which case we could be held liable for actions taken inside or outside of the U.S., even though our partners may not be subject to these laws. Such a violation could materially and adversely affect our reputation, business, results of operations and financial condition. Our continued international

28


 

expansion, including in developing countries, and our development of new partnerships and joint venture relationships worldwide increase the risk of FCPA or OFAC violations in the future.

 

If we are unable to comply with environmental and other regulatory requirements, our business may be exposed to material liability and/or fines.

 

Our operations are subject to extensive and frequently changing federal, state, local, and foreign laws and regulations, including those concerning product safety, environmental protection, and occupational health and safety. Some of these laws and regulations require us to obtain permits, and limit our ability to discharge hazardous materials into the environment. If we fail to comply with these requirements, we may be subject to civil or criminal enforcement actions that could result in the assessment of fines and penalties, obligations to conduct remedial or corrective actions, or, in extreme circumstances, revocation of our permits or injunctions preventing some or all of our operations. In addition, the components of our boats must meet certain regulatory standards, including stringent air emission standards for boat engines. Failure to meet these standards could result in an inability to sell our boats in key markets, which would adversely affect our business. Moreover, compliance with these regulatory requirements could increase the cost of our products, which in turn, may reduce consumer demand.

 

While we believe that we are in material compliance with applicable federal, state, local, and foreign regulatory requirements, and hold all licenses and permits required thereunder, we cannot assure you that we will, at all times, be able to continue to comply with applicable regulatory requirements. Compliance with increasingly stringent regulatory and permit requirements may, in the future, cause us to incur substantial capital costs and increase our cost of operations, or may limit our operations, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.

 

As with most boat construction businesses, our manufacturing processes involve the use, handling, storage, and contracting for recycling or disposal of hazardous substances and wastes. The failure to manage or dispose of such hazardous substances and wastes properly could expose us to material liability or fines, including liability for personal injury or property damage due to exposure to hazardous substances, damages to natural resources, or for the investigation and remediation of environmental conditions. Under environmental laws, we may be liable for remediation of contamination at sites where our hazardous wastes have been disposed or at our current or former facilities, regardless of whether such facilities are owned or leased or whether the environmental conditions were created by us, a prior owner or tenant, or a third-party. While we do not believe that we are presently subject to any such liabilities, we cannot assure you that environmental conditions relating to our prior, existing, or future sites or operations or those of predecessor companies will not have a material adverse effect on our business or financial condition.

 

Natural disasters, environmental disasters, the effects of climate change, or other disruptions at our manufacturing facility or in other regions of the United States could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

 

We rely on the continuous operation of our only manufacturing facility in Vonore, Tennessee for the production of our products. Any natural disaster or other serious disruption to our facility due to fire, snow, flood, earthquake, or any other unforeseen circumstance could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Changes in climate could adversely affect our operations by limiting or increasing the costs associated with equipment or fuel supplies. In addition, adverse weather conditions, such as increased frequency and/or severity of storms, or floods could impair our ability to operate by damaging our facilities and equipment or restricting product delivery to customers. The occurrence of any disruption at our manufacturing facility, even for a short period of time, may have an adverse effect on our productivity and profitability, during and after the period of the disruption. These disruptions may also cause personal injury and loss of life, severe damage to or destruction of property and equipment, and environmental damage. Although we maintain property, casualty, and business interruption insurance of the types and in the amounts that we believe are

29


 

customary for the industry, we are not fully insured against all potential natural disasters or other disruptions to our manufacturing facility.

 

In addition, we have dealers and third-party suppliers located in regions of the United States that have been and may be exposed to damaging storms, such as hurricanes and tornados, floods and environmental disasters. Although preventative measures may help to mitigate damage, the damage and disruption resulting from natural and environmental disasters may be significant. Such disasters can disrupt our dealers, suppliers, or customers, which can interrupt our operational processes and our sales and profits.

 

Increases in income tax rates or changes in income tax laws or enforcement could have a material adverse impact on our financial results.

 

Changes in domestic and international tax legislation could expose us to additional tax liability. Although we monitor changes in tax laws and work to mitigate the impact of proposed changes, such changes may negatively impact our financial results. In addition, any increase in individual income tax rates, such as those implemented in the U.S. at the beginning of 2013, would negatively affect our potential consumers’ discretionary income and could decrease the demand for our products.

 

Our credit facilities contain covenants which may limit our operating flexibility; failure to comply with covenants may result in our lenders restricting or terminating our ability to borrow under such credit facilities.

 

In the past, we have relied upon our existing credit facilities to provide us with adequate liquidity to operate our business. The availability of borrowing amounts under our credit facilities is dependent upon compliance with the debt covenants set forth in our credit agreement. Violation of those covenants, whether as a result of operating losses or otherwise, could result in our lenders restricting or terminating our borrowing ability under our credit facilities. If our lenders reduce or terminate our access to amounts under our credit facilities, we may not have sufficient capital to fund our working capital and other needs, and we may need to secure additional capital or financing to fund our operations or to repay outstanding debt under our credit facilities. We cannot assure you that we will be successful in ensuring the availability of amounts under our credit facilities or in raising additional capital, or that any amount, if raised, will be sufficient to meet our cash needs or will be on terms as favorable as those which have been available to us historically. If we are not able to maintain our ability to borrow under our credit facilities, or to raise additional capital when needed, our business and operations will be materially and adversely affected.

 

Risks Relating to Ownership of our Common Stock

 

You may be diluted by future issuances of common stock in connection with our incentive plans, acquisitions, or otherwise; future sales of such shares in the public market, or the expectations that such sales may occur, could lower our stock price.

 

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes us to issue shares of common stock and options, rights, warrants, and appreciation rights relating to common stock for the consideration and on the terms and conditions established by our board of directors in its sole discretion, whether in connection with acquisitions or otherwise.

 

We have reserved shares for issuance under the Amended and Restated MCBC Holdings, Inc. 2015 Incentive Award Plan in an amount equal to 1,722,190 shares. Any common stock that we issue, including under our 2015 Incentive Award Plan or other equity incentive plans that we may adopt in the future, would dilute the percentage ownership of holders of our common stock. 

 

30


 

Our common stock price may be volatile or may decline regardless of our operating performance

 

It is possible that an active trading market for our common stock will not be sustained, which could make it difficult for you to sell your shares of common stock at an attractive price or at all.

 

Volatility in the market price of our common stock may prevent you from being able to sell your shares at or above the price you paid for them. Many factors, which are outside our control, may cause the market price of our common stock to fluctuate significantly, including those described elsewhere in this “Risk Factors” section and this Form 10-K, as well as the following:

 

·

our operating and financial performance and prospects;

 

·

our quarterly or annual earnings or those of other companies in our industry compared to market expectations;

 

·

conditions that impact demand for our services;

 

·

future announcements concerning our business or our competitors’ businesses;

 

·

the public’s reaction to our press releases, other public announcements, and filings with the SEC;

 

·

coverage by or changes in financial estimates by securities analysts or failure to meet their expectations;

 

·

market and industry perception of our success, or lack thereof, in pursuing our growth strategy;

 

·

strategic actions by us or our competitors, such as acquisitions or restructurings;

 

·

changes in laws or regulations that adversely affect our industry or us;

 

·

changes in accounting standards, policies, guidance, interpretations, or principles;

 

·

changes in senior management or key personnel;

 

·

issuances, exchanges or sales, or expected issuances, exchanges or sales of our capital stock;

 

·

changes in our dividend policy;

 

·

adverse resolution of new or pending litigation against us; and

 

·

changes in general market, economic, and political conditions in the U.S. and global economies or financial markets, including those resulting from natural disasters, terrorist attacks, acts of war, and responses to such events.

 

As a result, volatility in the market price of our common stock may prevent investors from being able to sell their common stock at or above the price they paid for it or at all. These broad market and industry factors may materially reduce the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance. In addition, price volatility may be greater if the public float and trading volume of our common stock is low. As a result, you may suffer a loss on your investment.

 

We do not intend to pay dividends on our common stock for the foreseeable future.

 

While we have paid dividends in the past, we presently have no intention to pay dividends on our common stock at any time in the foreseeable future. Any decision to declare and pay dividends in the future will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, cash requirements, contractual restrictions, and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant. Certain of our debt instruments contain covenants that restrict the ability of our subsidiaries to pay dividends to us. In addition, we will be permitted under

31


 

the terms of our debt instruments to incur additional indebtedness, which may restrict or prevent us from paying dividends on our common stock. Furthermore, our ability to declare and pay dividends may be limited by instruments governing future outstanding indebtedness we may incur.

 

Delaware law and certain provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation may prevent efforts by our stockholders to change the direction or management of our Company.

 

We are a Delaware corporation, and the anti-takeover provisions of Delaware law impose various impediments to the ability of a third party to acquire control of us, even if a change of control would be beneficial to our existing stockholders. In addition, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated by-laws contain provisions that may make the acquisition of our company more difficult without the approval of our board of directors, including, but not limited to, the following:

 

·

our board of directors is classified into three classes, each of which serves for a staggered three-year term;

 

·

only our board of directors may call special meetings of our stockholders;

 

·

our stockholders have only limited rights to amend our by-laws; and

 

·

we require advance notice and duration of ownership requirements for stockholder proposals.

 

These provisions could discourage, delay, or prevent a transaction involving a change in control of our company. These provisions could also discourage proxy contests and make it more difficult for you and other stockholders to elect directors of your choosing and cause us to take other corporate actions you desire. In addition, because our board of directors is responsible for appointing the members of our management team, these provisions could in turn affect any attempt by our stockholders to replace current members of our management team.

 

For as long as we are an emerging growth company, we will not be required to comply with certain reporting requirements, including those relating to accounting standards and disclosure about our executive compensation, that apply to other public companies.

 

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the JOBS Act. As such, we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies,” including, but not limited to, (i) not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, (ii) reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and (iii) exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and of stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. We have elected to adopt these reduced disclosure requirements. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive as a result of our taking advantage of these exemptions and as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.

 

We could remain an “emerging growth company” for up to five years or until the earliest of (a) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenues exceed $1 billion, (b) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which would occur if the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed fiscal quarter, and (c) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the preceding three-year period.

 

32


 

The obligations associated with being a public company require significant resources and management attention, which may divert us from our business operations.

 

As a result of our initial public offering, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Exchange Act requires that we file annual, quarterly, and current reports with respect to our business and financial condition. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we establish and maintain effective internal controls and procedures for financial reporting. As a result, we have and will continue to incur significant legal, accounting, and other expenses that we did not previously incur.

 

In addition, the need to establish the corporate infrastructure demanded of a public company may divert management’s attention from implementing our business strategy, which could prevent us from improving our business, results of operations, and financial condition. We have made, and will continue to make, changes to our internal controls, including information technology controls, and procedures for financial reporting and accounting systems to meet our reporting obligations as a public company. However, the measures we take may not be sufficient to satisfy our obligations as a public company. If we do not continue to develop and implement the right processes and tools to manage our changing enterprise and maintain our culture, our ability to compete successfully and achieve our business objectives could be impaired, which could negatively impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition, we cannot predict or estimate the amount of additional costs we may incur to comply with these requirements. We anticipate that these costs will be material to our general and administrative expenses.

 

Furthermore, as a public company, we have and will continue to incur additional legal, accounting, and other expenses that have not been reflected in our historical financial statements. In addition, rules implemented by the SEC and NASDAQ have imposed various requirements on public companies, including establishment and maintenance of effective disclosure and financial controls and changes in corporate governance practices. Our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to these compliance initiatives. These rules and regulations result in our incurring legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly. For example, we expect these rules and regulations to make it more difficult and more expensive for us to maintain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially higher costs to maintain the same or similar coverage. As a result, it may be more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified people to serve on our board of directors, on our board committees, or as executive officers.

 

Our failure to achieve and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act as a public company could have a material adverse effect on our business and share price.

   

Prior to the completion of our initial public offering, we had not operated as a public company and were not required to independently comply with Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Section 404(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, starting with the second annual report that we file with the SEC. We were required to meet these standards in the course of preparing our financial statements as of and for the year ended June 30, 2017, and our management is required to report on the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting for such year. Additionally, once we are no longer an emerging growth company, as defined by the JOBS Act, our independent registered public accounting firm will be required pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act to attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting on an annual basis. The rules governing the standards that must be met for our management to assess our internal control over financial reporting are complex and require significant documentation, testing, and possible remediation. 

 

Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. We are currently in the process of reviewing, documenting, and testing our internal control over financial reporting. We

33


 

may encounter problems or delays in implementing any changes necessary to make a favorable assessment of our internal control over financial reporting. In addition, we may encounter problems or delays in completing the implementation of any requested improvements and receiving a favorable attestation in connection with the attestation to be provided by our independent registered public accounting firm after we cease to be an emerging growth company. If we cannot favorably assess the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, or if our independent registered public accounting firm is unable to provide an unqualified attestation report on our internal controls after we cease to be an emerging growth company, investors could lose confidence in our financial information and the price of our common stock could decline.

   

Additionally, the existence of any material weakness or significant deficiency may require management to devote significant time and incur significant expense to remediate any such material weaknesses or significant deficiencies and management may not be able to remediate any such material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in a timely manner. The existence of any material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting could also result in errors in our financial statements that could require us to restate our financial statements, cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations, and cause stockholders to lose confidence in our reported financial information, all of which could materially and adversely affect our business and share price.

 

If securities analysts do not publish research or reports about our company, or if they issue unfavorable commentary about us or our industry or downgrade our common stock, the price of our common stock could decline.

 

The trading market for our common stock will depend in part on the research and reports that third-party securities analysts publish about our company and our industry. We may be unable or slow to attract research coverage and if one or more analysts cease coverage of our company, we could lose visibility in the market. In addition, one or more of these analysts could downgrade our common stock or issue other negative commentary about our company or our industry. As a result of one or more of these factors, the trading price of our common stock could decline.

 

ITEM 1B.UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

 

None.

 

ITEM 2.PROPERTIES.

 

All of our boats are designed, manufactured, and lake-tested at our 252,000-square-foot manufacturing facility located on approximately 60 acres of lakefront land we own in Vonore, Tennessee. In addition, we lease a 60,000 square-foot facility in Vonore where we manufacture our trailers, and a 3,000 square-foot warehouse facility in West Yorkshire, England for warehousing of aftermarket parts.

 

ITEM 3.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

On May 2, 2017, we reached a resolution of our pending patent litigation with Malibu Boats.  The resolution of the litigation included a full release of all claims and counterclaims by the parties.  The resolution of the litigation also included a $2.5 million settlement charge and the Company entering into a license agreement related to certain of Malibu’s patents.

 

ITEM 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not applicable.

34


 

PART II

 

ITEM 5.MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

 

Market Information

 

Our common stock has been publicly traded on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “MCFT” since July 17, 2015. Prior to that time, there was no public market for our common stock. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low sales prices of our common stock as reported by the NASDAQ Global Market since our initial public offering:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

High

 

 

Low

 

Fiscal 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First quarter (from July 17, 2015)

 

$

16.47

 

$

11.93

 

Second quarter

 

 

14.82

 

 

10.70

    

Third quarter

 

 

14.73

 

 

10.99

 

Fourth quarter

 

 

15.97

 

 

10.25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First quarter

 

$

12.88

 

$

10.44

 

Second quarter

 

 

14.71

 

 

10.84

 

Third quarter

 

 

17.51

 

 

13.67

 

Fourth quarter

 

 

20.00

 

 

15.58

 

 

On May 26, 2016, we declared a special dividend of $4.30 per share. The record date was June 6, 2016 and the payment date was June 10, 2016. The closing sales prices for each period listed above in fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, represent the actual closing prices and have not been adjusted to reflect the special dividend.

 

On September 5, 2017, the last reported sale price on the NASDAQ Global Market of our common stock was $17.66 per share. As of September 7, 2017, we had 17 holders of record of our common stock. The actual number of stockholders is greater than this number of record holders, and includes stockholders who are beneficial owners, but whose shares are held in street name by brokers and other nominees. This number of holders of record also does not include stockholders whose shares may be held in trust by other entities.

 

Dividend Policy

 

On May 26, 2016, we declared a special dividend of $4.30 per share which was paid on June 10, 2016. No dividends were declared or paid during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017. We presently intend to retain our earnings, if any, to finance the development and growth of our business and operations and do not anticipate declaring or paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. Any future determination as to the declaration and payment of dividends, if any, will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on then-existing conditions, including our operating results, financial condition, contractual restrictions, capital requirements, business prospects, and other factors our board of directors may deem relevant. In addition, our Senior Secured Credit Facility contains restrictions that restrict our ability to pay cash dividends. See Item 1A “Risk Factors” — Risks Relating to Ownership of Our Common Stock — We do not intend to pay dividends on our common stock for the foreseeable future.

 

35


 

Stock Performance Graph

 

This performance graph shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liabilities under that section, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing of ours under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

 

The following stock performance graph illustrates the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock for the period from July 17, 2015 (the first day of trading for our common stock) to June 30, 2017, as compared to the Russell 2000 Index and the Dow Jones US Recreational Products Index.

 

The comparison assumes (i) a hypothetical investment of $100 in our common stock and the two above mentioned indices on July 17, 2015 and (ii) the full reinvestment of all dividends. The comparisons in the graph and table are required by the SEC and are not intended to be indicative of possible future performance of our common stock.

 

Picture 1

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

 

For information regarding securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans, see Note 12: Stock-Based Compensation in Item 8 and Item 12: Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

ITEM 6.SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

 

The selected historical consolidated financial data and other data of MCBC Holdings, Inc. set forth below should be read together with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes, each of which is included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

36


 

We derived the consolidated statement of operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017, June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015 and our consolidated balance sheet data as of June 30, 2017 and 2016 from our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. We derived the consolidated statement of operations for the fiscal years  ended June 30, 2014 and June 30, 2013 and our consolidated balance sheet data as of June 30, 2015, June 30, 2014 and June 30, 2013 from audited consolidated financial statements that have not been included in this Form 10-K. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in the future.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Year Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands, except for shares and per share amounts)

 

Consolidated statement of operations:

  

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net sales

 

$

228,634

 

$

221,600

 

$

214,386

 

$

177,587

 

$

162,009

 

Cost of sales

 

 

165,158

 

 

160,521

 

 

163,220

 

 

139,975

 

 

131,303

 

Gross profit

 

 

63,476

 

 

61,079

 

 

51,166

 

 

37,612

 

 

30,706

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and marketing

 

 

9,380

 

 

9,685

 

 

8,552

 

 

8,837

 

 

7,948

 

General and administrative

 

 

20,474

 

 

29,162

 

 

18,472

 

 

9,960

 

 

10,518

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

107

 

 

221

 

 

222

 

 

221

 

 

222

 

Total selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

29,961

 

 

39,068

 

 

27,246

 

 

19,018

 

 

18,688

 

Operating income

 

 

33,515

 

 

22,011

 

 

23,920

 

 

18,594

 

 

12,018

 

Other expense (income):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense, including related party amounts

 

 

2,222

 

 

1,280

 

 

5,171

 

 

7,555

 

 

9,239

 

Change in common stock warrant fair value

 

 

 —

 

 

3,425

 

 

6,621

 

 

2,526

 

 

 

Other income

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,212)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

Income before income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

31,293

 

 

18,518

 

 

12,128

 

 

8,513

 

 

2,779

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

11,723

 

 

8,308

 

 

6,594

 

 

(11,414)

 

 

(37)

 

Net income

 

$

19,570

 

$

10,210

 

$

5,534

 

$

19,927

 

$

2,816

 

Weighted average shares used for computation of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic(1)

 

 

18,592,885

 

 

17,849,319

 

 

11,139,000

 

 

11,139,000

 

 

11,139,000

 

Diluted(1)

 

 

18,620,708

 

 

18,257,007

 

 

11,862,699

 

 

11,182,264

 

 

11,139,000

 

Net income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

1.05

 

$

0.57

 

$

0.50

 

$

1.79

 

$

0.25

 

Diluted

 

 

1.05

 

 

0.56

 

 

0.47

 

 

1.78

 

 

0.25

 

Consolidated balance sheet data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

83,321

 

$

82,533

 

$

89,676

 

$

96,142

 

$

87,153

 

Total liabilities

 

 

71,560

 

 

90,912

 

 

131,929

 

 

99,929

 

 

110,869

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

3,687

 

 

7,885

 

 

18,275

 

 

8,621

 

 

 

Long-term debt

 

 

30,790

 

 

44,342

 

 

60,487

 

 

57,359

 

 

75,300

 

Total debt

 

 

34,477

 

 

52,227

 

 

78,762

 

 

65,980

 

 

75,300

 

Total stockholders’ equity (deficit)

 

 

11,761

 

 

(8,379)

 

 

(42,253)

 

 

(3,787)

 

 

(23,716)

 

Additional financial and other data (unaudited):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit volume:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  MasterCraft

 

 

2,790

 

 

2,742

 

 

2,547

 

 

2,135

 

 

1,949

 

  Hydra-Sports

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

45

 

 

50

 

 

49

 

MasterCraft sales(2)

 

$

228,634

 

$

221,600

 

$

199,907

 

$

163,631

 

$

148,750

 

Hydra-Sports sales

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

14,479

 

 

13,956

 

 

13,259

 

Consolidated sales

 

$

228,634

 

$

221,600

 

$

214,386

 

$

177,587

 

$

162,009

 

Per Unit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MasterCraft sales

 

$

82

 

$

81

 

$

78

 

$

77

 

$

76

 

Hydra-Sports sales

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

322

 

 

279

 

 

271

 

Consolidated sales

 

$

82

 

$

81

 

$

83

 

$

81

 

$

81

 

Gross margin

 

 

27.8

%

 

27.6

%

 

23.9

%

 

21.2

%

 

19.0

%

Adjusted EBITDA(3)

 

$

43,476

 

$

41,227

 

$

31,540

 

$

18,403

 

$

11,813

 

Adjusted net income (3)

 

$

24,335

 

$

23,362

 

$

14,778

 

$

5,361

 

$

383

 

Adjusted EBITDA margin(3)

 

 

19.0

%

 

18.6

%

 

15.8

%

 

11.2

%

 

7.9

%


(1)

The weighted average shares used for computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share gives effect to the 11.139-for-1stock split consummated on July 22, 2015 in connection with the Company’s initial public offering and excludes the 6,071,429 shares sold for periods prior to fiscal year ended June 30, 2016.

(2)

We define MasterCraft sales as net sales less net sales associated with Hydra-Sports.

(3)

Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and Adjusted EBITDA margin are non-GAAP financial measures. We define Adjusted EBITDA margin as Adjusted EBITDA expressed as a percentage of MasterCraft sales.  For definitions of Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and a reconciliation of each to net income, see “Item 7 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

37


 

ITEM 7.MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read together with the sections entitled “Risk Factors,” “Selected Financial Data,” and the financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. The statements in this discussion and analysis regarding industry outlook, our expectations regarding the performance of our business, anticipated financial results, liquidity and the other non-historical statements are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the important factors described in “Risk Factors.” Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements.

 

Overview

 

We are a world-renowned innovator, designer, manufacturer, and marketer of premium recreational sport boats, with a leading market position in the U.S., a strong international presence, and dealers in 39 countries around the world. Our boats are used for water skiing, wakeboarding, and wake surfing, as well as general recreational boating. Our robust product portfolio of performance sport boats are manufactured to the highest standards of quality, performance, and styling.

 

We sell our boats through an extensive network of independent dealers in North America and internationally. We partner with 96 North American dealers with 155 locations and 43 international dealers with 75 locations throughout the rest of the world. In fiscal 2017, 90.9% of our net sales were generated from North America and 9.1% of our net sales were generated from outside of North America.

 

In July 2015, we completed the initial public offering of our common stock, in which we issued and sold 6,071,429 shares of common stock (exclusive of 910,714 shares of common stock sold by the selling stockholders pursuant to the exercise of an over-allotment option granted to the underwriters in connection with the offering) at a public offering price of $15.00 per share after giving effect to the 11.139-for-1 stock split consummated on July 22, 2015. The aggregate net proceeds received by us from our initial public offering were $81.8 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses payable by us.

 

Outlook

 

Our sales are impacted by general economic conditions, which affect the demand for our products, the demand for optional features, the availability of credit for our dealers and retail consumers, and overall consumer confidence. While the performance sport boat category has grown in recent years, new unit sales remain significantly below historical peaks. While there is no guarantee that our market will continue to grow, we believe that increased consumer demand and limited used boat inventory present a long runway for future growth.

   

We believe our sales have grown as dealers and customers continue to recognize the superior quality, performance, styling, and value proposition of our recently released boats. Our entire product portfolio has been renewed in the last four years, giving us the newest overall product offering in the performance sport boat category. We believe these factors strongly position us for growth in the coming periods. We believe our broad offering of boat models and features will continue to attract customers from our competitors, particularly in the performance sport boat and sterndrive categories, and will drive increased unit volume and market share gains. Our revamped manufacturing and product development processes have led to operational efficiencies which we expect will continue to drive margin expansion. 

 

Recent Transactions

 

In December 2016, we completed two secondary offerings for a total of 2,995,000 shares of common stock held by certain entities associated with Wayzata Investment Partners (collectively, the “Selling Stockholders”). The public offering price for the first offering consisting of 1,495,000 shares was $13.35 per share which included 195,000 shares sold by the Selling

38


 

Stockholders pursuant to the over-allotment option granted to the underwriter, which was exercised concurrently with the closing of the secondary offering. The public offering price for the second offering consisting of 1,500,000 shares was $13.45 per share. We received no proceeds from the secondary offerings. We incurred $0.2 million for offering expenses during December 2016, which are reflected as a reduction to paid-in capital. Wayzata Investment Partners has now divested of all outstanding shares of our common stock acquired in connection with our initial public offering.

   

In September 2016, we completed a follow-on offering of 4,600,000 shares of common stock held by certain entities associated with the Selling Stockholders at a public offering price of $10.25 per share. This included 600,000 shares sold by the Selling Stockholders pursuant to the over-allotment option granted to the underwriters, which was exercised concurrently with the closing of the follow-on offering. We received no proceeds from the follow-on offering. We paid $0.3 million for offering expenses incurred during September 2016, which are reflected as a reduction to paid-in capital.

 

 

Seasonality and Other Factors That Affect Our Business

 

Our operating results are subject to annual and seasonal fluctuations resulting from a variety of factors, including:

 

 

 

·

seasonal variations in retail demand for boats, with a significant majority of sales occurring during peak boating season, which we attempt to manage by providing incentive programs and floor plan subsidies to encourage dealer purchases throughout the year, which may include offering off-season retail promotions to our dealers in seasonally slow months, during and ahead of boat shows, to encourage retail demand;

 

·

product mix, which is driven by boat model mix and higher option order rates; while product mix does not significantly affect margins, sales of larger boats and boats with optional content produce higher absolute profits;

 

·

inclement weather, which can affect production at our manufacturing facility as well as consumer demand;

 

·

competition from other performance sports boat manufacturers;

 

·

general economic conditions; and

 

·

foreign currency exchange rates.

 

Key Performance Measures

 

From time to time we use certain key performance measures in evaluating our business and results of operations and we may refer to one or more of these key performance measures in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” These key performance measures include:

 

·

Unit volume — We define unit volume as the number of our boats sold to our dealers during a period.

 

·

Net sales per unit — We define net sales per unit as net sales divided by unit volume.

 

·

Gross margin — We define gross margin as gross profit divided by net sales, expressed as a percentage.

 

·

Adjusted EBITDA — We define Adjusted EBITDA as earnings before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization, as further adjusted to eliminate certain non-cash charges and unusual items that we do not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income, see “Non-GAAP Measures” below.

 

·

Adjusted net income — We define Adjusted net income as net income excluding income tax expense (benefit) adjusted to eliminate certain non-cash charges and unusual items that we do not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations and an adjustment for income tax expense at a normalized annual effective tax rate. For a reconciliation of Adjusted net income, see “Non-GAAP Measures” below.

 

39


 

Components of Results of Operations

 

Net Sales

 

We generate sales from the sale of boats, trailers, and accessories to our dealers. The substantial majority of our net sales are derived from the sale of boats, including optional features included at the time of the initial wholesale purchase of the boat. Net sales consist of the following:

 

·

Gross sales, which are derived from:

 

·

Boat sales — sales of boats to our dealer network. In addition, nearly all of our boat sales include optional feature upgrades, which increase the average selling price of our boats; and

 

·

Trailers, parts and accessories, and other revenues — sales of boat trailers, replacement and aftermarket boat parts and accessories, and transportation charges to our dealer network.

 

·

Net of:

 

·

Dealer programs and flooring subsidies — incentives, including rebates and subsidized flooring, we provide to our dealers to drive volume and level dealer purchases throughout the year. If a dealer meets certain volume levels over the course of the year during certain defined periods, the dealer will be entitled to a specified rebate. These rebates change annually and include volume and exclusivity incentives. Dealers who participate in our floor plan financing program may be entitled to have their flooring costs subsidized by us to promote dealer orders in the off-season.

 

Cost of Sales

 

Our cost of sales includes all of the costs to manufacture our products, including raw materials, components, supplies, direct labor, and factory overhead. For components and accessories manufactured by third-party vendors, our costs are the amounts invoiced to us by the vendors. Cost of sales includes shipping and handling costs, depreciation expense related to manufacturing equipment and facilities, and warranty costs associated with the repair or replacement of our boats under warranty.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Our operating expenses include selling and marketing costs, general and administrative costs, impairment losses and amortization costs. These items include personnel and related expenses, non-manufacturing overhead, and various other operating expenses. Further, selling and marketing expenditures include the cost of advertising and marketing materials. General and administrative expenses include, among other things, salaries, benefits, and other personnel related expenses for employees engaged in product development, engineering, finance, information technology, human resources, and executive management. Other costs include outside legal and accounting fees, investor relations, risk management (insurance), and other administrative costs.

 

Other Expense

 

Other expense includes interest expense, including related party amounts, legal settlements and change in common stock warrant fair value. Interest expense, including related party amounts, consists of interest charged under our credit facilities, including interest paid to funds affiliated with Wayzata Investment Partners, deferred financing fees, and debt issuance costs written off in connection with the pay down of amounts owed on our credit facilities.

 

Income Tax Expense

 

Our accounting for income tax expense reflects management’s assessment of future tax assets and liabilities based on assumptions and estimates for timing, likelihood of realization, and tax laws existing at the time of evaluation. We record a valuation allowance, when appropriate, to reduce deferred tax assets to an amount that is more likely than not to be realized.

40


 

Results of Operations

 

The consolidated statement of operations presented below should be read together with “Selected Consolidated Financial Data,” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

We derived the consolidated statement of operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015 and our consolidated balance sheets data as of June 30, 2017 and 2016 from our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in the future.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Years Ended June 30,

 

 

    

2017

    

2016

    

2015

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Consolidated statement of operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

 

$

228,634

 

$

221,600

 

$

214,386

 

Cost of sales

 

 

165,158

 

 

160,521

 

 

163,220

 

Gross profit

 

 

63,476

 

 

61,079

 

 

51,166

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and marketing

 

 

9,380

 

 

9,685

 

 

8,552

 

General and administrative

 

 

20,474

 

 

29,162

 

 

18,472

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

107

 

 

221

 

 

222

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

29,961

 

 

39,068

 

 

27,246

 

Operating income

 

 

33,515

 

 

22,011

 

 

23,920

 

Other expense (income):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

2,222

 

 

1,280

 

 

5,171

 

Change in common stock warrant fair value

 

 

 —

 

 

3,425

 

 

6,621

 

Other income

 

 

 —

 

 

(1,212)

 

 

 —

 

Income before income tax expense

 

 

31,293

 

 

18,518

 

 

12,128

 

Income tax expense

 

 

11,723

 

 

8,308

 

 

6,594

 

Net income

 

$

19,570

 

$

10,210

 

$

5,534

 

Additional financial and other data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit volume:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MasterCraft

 

 

2,790

 

 

2,742

 

 

2,547

 

Hydra-Sports

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

45

 

MasterCraft sales(1)

 

$

228,634

 

$

221,600

 

$

199,907

 

Hydra-Sports sales

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

14,479

 

Net sales

 

$

228,634

 

$

221,600

 

$

214,386

 

Per Unit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MasterCraft sales

 

$

82

 

$

81

 

$

78

 

Hydra-Sports sales

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

322

 

Net sales per unit

 

$

82

 

$

81

 

$

83

 

Gross margin

 

 

27.8

%  

 

27.6

%  

 

23.9

%  

 


(1)

We define MasterCraft sales as net sales less net sales associated with Hydra-Sports.

 

Fiscal 2017 Compared to Fiscal 2016

 

Net Sales.  Our net sales for fiscal 2017 were $228.6 million, reflecting an increase of $7.0 million, or 3.2%, compared to $221.6 million for fiscal 2016. The increase was due to an increase in unit volume of 48 units, or 1.8% and an increase in our net sales per unit of 1.4%. This increase was due to price increases, as well as increased sales of higher content option packages.

 

41


 

Cost of Sales.    Our cost of sales increased $4.7 million, or 2.9%, to $165.2 million for fiscal 2017 compared to $160.5 million for fiscal 2016.  The increase in cost of sales resulted primarily from a 1.8% increase in total unit volume and an increase in our cost of sales per unit of 1.1% due primarily to increased sales of higher content option packages, partially offset by lower warranty costs.

 

Gross Profit.  For fiscal 2017, our gross profit increased $2.4 million, or 3.9%, to $63.5 million compared to $61.1 million for fiscal 2016. Gross margin increased to 27.8% for fiscal 2017 compared to 27.6% for fiscal 2016. The increase in gross profit margin and gross margin resulted primarily from price increases and sales of higher content option packages as well as lower warranty costs, partially offset by rebates associated with increased retail demand from our winter sales program

 

Operating Expenses.  Selling and marketing expense decreased $0.3 million, or 3.1%, to $9.4 million for fiscal 2017 compared to $9.7 million for fiscal 2016. This decrease resulted mainly from reduced spending on the marketing events. General and administrative expense decreased by $8.7 million, or 29.8%, to $20.5 million for fiscal 2017 compared to $29.2 million for fiscal 2016. This decrease resulted mainly from $13.0 million in reduced stock-based compensation cost partially offset by an increase of $4.3 million in legal and advisory fees related to our litigation with Malibu Boats, which includes a $2.5 million charge to settle the Malibu patent case. Operating expenses, as a percentage of net sales, decreased by 4.5 percentage points to 13.1% for fiscal 2017 compared to 17.6% for fiscal 2016. This decrease was the result of the decrease in general and administrative expenses and selling and marketing expenses described above.

 

Other Expense (income).  Interest expense increased $0.9 million or 73.6%, to $2.2 million for fiscal 2017 compared to $1.3 million for fiscal 2016. The increase is due to interest expense incurred on our Second Amended and Restated Credit and Guaranty Agreement entered into in May 2016, partially offset by the write-off of deferred financing costs related to the debt extinguishment during fiscal 2016. There was no change in common stock warrant fair value for the fiscal 2017, as all warrants were exercised during fiscal 2016. We recognized a gain during fiscal 2016 upon settlement of a litigation matter of $1.2 million.

 

Income Tax Expense.  Our income tax expense was $11.7 million for fiscal 2017, reflecting a reported effective tax rate of 37.5%, which differs from the statutory federal income tax rate of 35% primarily due to the inclusion of the state tax rate in the overall effective rate. Our income tax expense was $8.3 million for fiscal 2016, reflecting a reported effective tax rate of 44.9%, which also differs from the statutory federal income tax rate of 35% primarily due to permanent differences relating to the change in fair value of the common stock warrant.

 

Fiscal 2016 Compared to Fiscal 2015

 

Net Sales.  Our net sales for fiscal 2016 were $221.6 million, reflecting an increase of $7.2 million, or 3.4%, compared to $214.4 million for fiscal 2015. MasterCraft net sales, which exclude the terminated Hydra-Sports manufacturing contract, increased 10.9%, or $21.7 million to $221.6 million for fiscal 2016 compared to $199.9 million. The increase in net sales was primarily due to an increase in MasterCraft unit volume of 195 units, or 7.7%. Net sales per Mastercraft unit increased by 3.8%, primarily driven by price increases, demand for new models, in particular the X23, X26 and NXT22 and increased adoption of higher content option packages. 

 

Cost of Sales.  Our cost of sales decreased $2.7 million, or 1.7%, to $160.5 million for fiscal 2016 compared to $163.2 million for fiscal 2015 resulting from an increase in unit volume offset by a 7.0% decline in cost per unit. The reduction in cost per unit was primarily a result of lower material costs driven by engineering and manufacturing initiatives to reduce production costs and termination of the Hydra-Sports production. Overhead costs per unit were lower due to operating efficiencies and leverage on fixed costs.

 

Gross Profit.  For fiscal 2016, our gross profit increased $9.9 million, or 19.3%, to $61.1 million compared to $51.2 million for fiscal 2015. Gross margin increased to 27.6% for fiscal 2016 compared to 23.9% for fiscal 2015. The increase in gross margin resulted primarily from the cost reductions referenced above, increased sales of higher content option packages which increase average margins per unit, lower warranty costs, operating leverage from increased unit sales, and our replacement of lower margin Hydra-Sports production with higher margin MasterCraft production. 

 

42


 

Operating Expenses.  Selling and marketing expense increased $1.1 million, or 12.8%, to $9.7 million for fiscal 2016 compared to $8.6 million for fiscal 2015, primarily due to investments in marketing. General and administrative expense increased by $10.7 million, or 57.8%, to $29.2 million for fiscal 2016 compared to $18.5 million for fiscal 2015. This expected increase resulted primarily from $13.7 million of stock-based compensation and increases in costs associated with being a public company partially offset by the elimination of $5.7 million in transaction costs incurred during fiscal 2015 related to our recapitalization activities. Operating expenses, as a percentage of net sales, increased by 4.9 percentage points to 17.6% for fiscal 2016 compared to 12.7% for fiscal 2015 primarily as a result of the increase in general and administrative expenses.

 

Other Expense (income).  Other expense (income) decreased $8.3 million, or 70.3%, to $4.7 million for fiscal 2016 compared to $11.8 million for fiscal 2015. This decrease was driven by lower interest expense as a result of repaying all of our outstanding borrowings with the proceeds from our initial public offering offset by the interest expense incurred upon entering into a Second Amended and Restated Credit and Guaranty Agreement in May 2016. In connection with the repayment of our outstanding borrowings with the proceeds from our initial public offering, the Company recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $0.7 million in interest expense for fiscal 2016. Change in common stock warrant fair value decreased $3.2 million to $3.4 million for fiscal 2016 compared to $6.6 million for fiscal 2015. This decrease was a result of all outstanding common stock warrants being exchanged or exercised for shares as of June 30, 2016. We recognized a gain of $1.2 million during fiscal 2016 upon settlement of a litigation matter.

 

Income Tax Expense.  Our income tax expense was $8.3 million for fiscal 2016, reflecting a reported effective tax rate of 44.9%, which differs from the statutory federal income tax rate of 35% primarily due to permanent differences relating to the change in fair value of the common stock warrant. Our income tax expense was $6.6 million for fiscal 2015, reflecting a reported effective tax rate of 54.4%, which also differs from the statutory federal income tax rate of 35% primarily due to permanent differences relating to the change in fair value of the common stock warrant.

 

Non-GAAP Measures

 

We define EBITDA as earnings before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. We define Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA further adjusted to eliminate certain non-cash charges and other items that we do not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations, including change in common stock warrant fair value, fees and expenses related to the our initial public offering, our stock-based compensation and the results of operations of our terminated Hydra-Sports manufacturing contract. We define Adjusted net income as net income adjusted to eliminate certain non-cash charges and other items that we do not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations, including change in common stock warrant fair value, fees and expenses related to our initial public offering, our stock-based compensation and the results of operations of our terminated Hydra-Sports manufacturing contract and an adjustment for income tax expense at a normalized annual effective tax rate.  We define Adjusted EBITDA margin as Adjusted EBITDA expressed as a percentage of MasterCraft sales. Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted net income and Adjusted EBITDA margin are not measures of net income or operating income as determined under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, which we refer to as GAAP. Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted net income are not measures of performance in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income or operating cash flows determined in accordance with GAAP. Additionally, Adjusted EBITDA is not intended to be a measure of cash flow for management’s discretionary use. We believe that the inclusion of EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted net income is appropriate to provide additional information to investors because securities analysts, noteholders and other investors use these non GAAP financial measures to assess our operating performance across periods on a consistent basis and to evaluate the relative risk of an investment in our securities. We use Adjusted net income to facilitate a comparison of our operating performance on a consistent basis from period to period that, when viewed in combination with our results prepared in accordance with GAAP, provides a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business than GAAP alone measures.  We believe Adjusted net income assists our board of directors, management and investors in comparing our net income on a consistent basis from period to period because it removes non-cash items and items not indicative of our ongoing operations.  Adjusted EBITDA and

43


 

Adjusted net income have limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

 

·

Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future and Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements;

·

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures, or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;

·

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;

·

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our tax expense or any cash requirements to pay income taxes;

·

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest payments on our indebtedness; and

·

Adjusted net income and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect the impact of earnings or charges resulting from matters we do not consider to be indicative of our ongoing operations, but may nonetheless have a material impact on our results of operations, including the operations related to our Hydra-Sports manufacturing contract for periods prior to its termination.

 

In addition, because not all companies use identical calculations, our presentation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted net income may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies, including companies in our industry.

 

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income as determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP for the periods indicated (unaudited):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Years Ended

 

    

2017

    

2016

    

2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

19,570

    

$

10,210

    

$

5,534

 

Income tax expense