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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10‑K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ____________________ to _____________________

 

Commission file number 001-33365

 

USA Technologies, Inc.


(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Pennsylvania

 

23‑2679963

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

100 Deerfield Lane, Suite 300, Malvern, Pennsylvania

 

19355

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(610) 989‑0340


(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Name Of Each Exchange On Which Registered

Common Stock, no par value
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock

 

The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   Yes ☐  No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.   Yes ☐  No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files) Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10‑K or any amendment to this Form 10‑K. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b‑2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

 

Accelerated filer ☒

Non-accelerated filer ☐    (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Smaller reporting company ☐

Emerging growth company ☐

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b‑2 of the Act).   Yes ☐  No ☒

 

The aggregate market value of the voting common equity securities held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was $167,436,169 as of the last business day of the most recently completed second fiscal quarter, December 31, 2016, based upon the closing price of the Registrant’s Common Stock on that date.

 

As of August 7, 2017, there were 50,017,368 outstanding shares of Common Stock, no par value.

 

 

 

 

 


 

USA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    

 

PAGE

 

 

 

 

PART I 

 

Item 

1.

Business.

4

 

1A.

Risk Factors.

16

 

2.

Properties.

25

 

3.

Legal Proceedings.

25

 

4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

26

PART II 

 

Item 

5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

27

 

6.

Selected Financial Data.

29

 

7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

33

 

7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

46

 

8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

47

 

9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

48

 

9A.

Controls and Procedures.

48

PART III 

 

Item 

10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

49

 

11.

Executive Compensation.

52

 

12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

67

 

13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

69

 

14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

70

PART IV 

 

 

15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

70

 

2


 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Form 10‑K contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, regarding, among other things, the anticipated financial and operating results of the Company. For this purpose, forward-looking statements are any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact and include, but are not limited to, those preceded by or that include the words, “estimate,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “likely,” “may,” “will,” “plan,” “intend,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “projected,” or similar expressions. Those statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the statements. The forward-looking information is based on various factors and was derived using numerous assumptions.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. Actual results or business conditions may differ materially from those projected or suggested in forward-looking statements as a result of various factors including, but not limited to, those described in the “Risk Factors” section of this Form 10‑K. We cannot assure you that we have identified all the factors that create uncertainties. Moreover, new risks emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all risks on our business or the extent to which any risk, or combination of risks, may cause actual results to differ from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements.

Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Form 10‑K speaks only as of the date of this Form 10‑K. Unless required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly revise any forward-looking statement to reflect circumstances or events after the date of this Form 10‑K or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

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USA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

PART I

Item 1. Business.

OVERVIEW

USA Technologies, Inc. (the “Company”, “We”, “USAT”, or “Our”) was incorporated in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in January 1992. We are a provider of technology-enabled solutions and value-added services that facilitate electronic payment transactions primarily within the unattended Point of Sale (“POS”) market. We are a leading provider in the small ticket, beverage and food vending industry and are expanding our solutions and services to other unattended market segments, such as amusement, commercial laundry, kiosk and others. Since our founding, we have designed and marketed systems and solutions that facilitate electronic payment options, as well as telemetry and machine-to-machine (“M2M”) services, which include the ability to remotely monitor, control, and report on the results of distributed assets containing our electronic payment solutions. Historically, these distributed assets have relied on cash for payment in the form of coins or bills, whereas, our systems allow them to accept cashless payments such as through the use of credit or debit cards or other emerging contactless forms, such as mobile payment.

We derive the majority of our revenues from license and transaction fees resulting from connections to, as well as services provided by, our ePort Connect service. Connections to our service stem from the sale or lease of our POS electronic payment devices or certified payment software or the servicing of similar third-party installed POS terminals. The majority of ePort Connect customers pay a monthly fee plus a blended transaction rate on the transaction dollar volume processed by the Company. Connections to the ePort Connect service, therefore, are the most significant driver of the Company’s revenues, particularly revenues from license and transaction fees.

As of June 30, 2017, the Company had approximately 568,000 connections to its ePort Connect service, compared to approximately 429,000 connections as of June 30, 2016, representing a 32.4% increase. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, the Company processed approximately 414.9 million cashless transactions totaling approximately $803.0 million in transaction dollars, representing a 31.4% increase in transaction volume and a 37.4% increase in dollars processed from the 315.8 million cashless transactions totaling approximately $584.4 million during the previous fiscal year ended June 30, 2016.

Picture 10

Picture 9

 

 

 

 

 

The above charts show the increases over the last five fiscal years in the number of connections, revenues and the dollar value of transactions handled by us. The vertical bars depict total revenues, segmented by license and transaction fees and equipment revenues. The solid lines depict the number of connections to our ePort Connect service and the dollar value of transactions handled by us, as of the end of each of the last five fiscal years.

Our solutions and services have been designed to simplify the transition to cashless for traditionally cash-only based businesses. As such, they are turn-key and include our comprehensive ePort Connect service and POS electronic payment devices or certified payment software, which are able to process traditional magnetic stripe credit and debit cards, contactless credit and debit cards and mobile payments. Standard services through ePort Connect are maintained on our proprietary operating systems and include merchant account setup on behalf of the customer, automatic processing and

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settlement, sales reporting and 24x7 customer support. Other value-added services that customers can choose from include things such as cashless deployment planning, cashless performance review and loyalty products and services. Our solutions also provide flexibility to execute a variety of payment applications on a single system, transaction security, connectivity options, compliance with certification standards, and centralized, accurate, real-time sales and inventory data to manage distributed assets (wireless telemetry and M2M). The ePort® Interactive, which was unveiled in April 2016, is a cloud-based interactive media and content delivery management system and enables delivery of nutritional information, remote refunds, loyalty programs, and multimedia-marketing campaigns for the unattended and self-serve retail markets.

Our customers range from global food service organizations to small businesses that operate primarily in the self-serve, small ticket retail markets including beverage and food vending, amusement and arcade machines, smartphones via our ePort Online solution, commercial laundry, tolls, and various other self-serve kiosk applications as well as equipment developers or manufacturers who incorporate our ePort Connect service into their product offerings.

We believe that we have a history of being a market leader in cashless payments with a recognized brand name, a value-added proposition for our customers and a reputation of innovation in our product and services. We believe that these attributes position us to capitalize on industry trends.

In January 2016, the Company acquired the cloud-based content delivery platform, device platform and products, customer base, and intellectual property of VendScreen, Inc. of Portland, Oregon. In addition to new technology and services, the acquisition has added a West Coast operational footprint for the Company, providing greater efficiencies in operational performance, expanded customer services, sales and technical support to the Company’s customer base. As a result of the acquisition, the Company has added to its product line an interactive media, content delivery system, including a vending application that provides enhanced vendor management system (VMS) integration and consumer product information, including nutritional data. The technology is NFC enabled and compatible with mobile wallets including Apple Pay and Android Pay, and supports instant refunds, couponing, advertising and real-time consumer feedback to the owner and operator.

THE INDUSTRY

We operate primarily in the small ticket electronic payments industry and, more specifically, the unattended POS market. We also have the ability to accept cashless payment “on the go” through mobile-based payment services, which are generally higher ticket transactions. Our solutions and services facilitate electronic payments in industries that have traditionally relied on cash transactions. We believe the following industry trends are driving growth in demand for electronic payment systems in general and more specifically within the markets we serve:

·

Ongoing shift toward electronic payment transactions and away from cash and checks;

·

Increasing demand for electronic transaction functionality from both consumers and merchant/operators; and

·

Improving POS technology and NFC equipped mobile phone payment technology.

Shift toward electronic payment transactions and away from cash and checks

There has been an ongoing shift away from paper-based methods of payment, including cash and checks, towards electronic-based methods of payment. According to The Nilson Report, December 2016, paper-based methods of payment continued to decline in 2015, representing 26.14% of transaction dollars measured compared to 28.07% in 2014. The four card-based systems—credit, debit, prepaid, and electronic benefits transfer—generated $5.665 trillion in the United States in 2015, 59.32% of transaction dollars measured. The Nilson Report projects that, by 2019, spending at merchants in the U.S. from the four card-based systems will grow to 67.03% of total transaction dollars measured.

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Increase in Consumer and Merchant/Operator Demand for Electronic Payments

Increase in Consumer Demand.  The unattended, vending and kiosk POS market has historically been dominated by cash purchases. However, oftentimes, cash purchases at unattended POS locations represent a cumbersome transaction for the consumer because they do not have the correct monetary value (paper or coin), or the consumer does not have the ability to convert their bills into coins. We believe electronic payment system providers such as the Company that can meet consumers’ demand within the unattended market will be able to offer retailers, card associations, card issuers and payment processors and business owners an expanding value proposition at the POS. Based upon our survey of selected vending machines connected to our service over a recent twelve month period, we estimate that average annual cashless sales per machine increased by approximately 44% from those of a prior twelve month period, and cashless sales as a percentage of total machine sales (cashless and cash) increased by 15% from those of such prior twelve month period. In addition, average consumer purchases during the recent twelve month period in which the consumer utilized a credit or debit card were approximately 35% higher than purchases where the consumer utilized cash.

Increase in Merchant/Operator Demand.  We believe that, increasingly, merchants and operators of unattended payment locations (e.g., vending machines, laundry, tabletop games, etc.) are utilizing electronic payment alternatives as a means to improve business results. The Company works with its customers to help them drive increased revenue of their distributed assets through this expanded market opportunity. In addition, electronic payment systems can provide merchants and operators real-time sales and inventory data utilized for back-office reporting and forecasting, like the Company’s solutions and services, helping them to manage their business more efficiently.

Increase in Demand for Networked Assets. M2M (machine-to-machine) technology includes capturing value from wireless modules and electronic devices to improve business productivity and customer service. The term M2M describes any kind of 2‑way communication system between geographically distributed devices through a centrally managed software application without human intervention and as such, the Company’s integrated POS and ePort Connect remote data management capabilities fall into this category of solution. In addition, networked assets can provide valuable information regarding consumers’ purchasing patterns and payment preferences, allowing operators to more effectively tailor their offerings to consumers. Gartner, Inc. forecasted that 6.4 billion connected things would be in use worldwide in 2016, with 5.5 million new things getting connected every day, and will reach 20.8 billion by 2020. The Company believes that its expertise in integrating cashless payments, its scalable network data capacity, its proven ability to handle high transaction volume, and its high quality and reliable data management capabilities make it well suited for the growing opportunities in the M2M market.

POS Technology and NFC Equipped Mobile Phone Payment Improvements

Consumer Interest in Mobile Payment. NFC, or Near Field Communication, is a short range wireless connectivity technology that uses electromagnetic radio fields to enable communication between devices when there is a physical touch, or when they are within close proximity to one another. We believe that POS contactless terminals that are enabled to accept NFC payments and digital wallet applications, such as Google Wallet, Chase Pay, Apple Pay, the recently introduced Android Pay, and others, stand to benefit from these evolving trends in mobile payment. Digital wallet is essentially a digital service, accessed via the web or a mobile phone application that serves as a substitute for the traditional credit or debit card. Providers can also market directly to targeted consumers with coupons and loyalty programs.

As approximately 475,000 of the Company’s connections are contactless enabled to accept NFC payments (in addition to magnetic stripe cards) as of June 30, 2017, we believe that we are well-positioned to benefit from this emerging space.

OUR TECHNOLOGY-BASED SOLUTION

Our solutions have been designed to be turn-key and include the ePort Connect service, POS electronic payment devices, certified payment software able to process traditional magnetic stripe credit and debit cards, contactless credit and debit cards, and NFC equipped mobile phones that allow consumers to make payments with their cell phones. We believe that our ability to bundle our products and services, as well as the ability to tailor and customize them to individual customer needs, makes it easy and efficient for our customers to adopt and deploy our technology, and results in a service unmatched in the small-ticket, unattended retail market today.

The Product. The Company offers its customers several different devices or software to connect their distributed assets. These range from our QuickConnect™ Web service, more fully described below under the section “OUR PRODUCTS”,

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and encrypted magnetic stripe card readers to our ePort® hardware that can be attached to the door of a stand-alone terminal.

The Network. Our network is designed to transmit payment information from our customers’ terminals for processing and sales and diagnostic data for storage and reporting to our customers. Also, the network, through server-based software applications, provides remote management information, and enables control of the networked device’s functionality. Through our network we have the ability to upload software and update devices remotely enabling us to manage the devices easily and efficiently (e.g., change protocol functionality, provide software upgrades, and change terminal display messages).

The Connectivity Mediums. The client devices (described above) are interconnected for the transfer of our customers’ data through our ePort Connect network that provides multiple connectivity options such as phone line, ethernet, and wireless. Increased wireless connectivity options, coverage and reliability have allowed us to service a greater number of geographically dispersed customer locations. Additionally, we make it easy for our customers to deploy wireless solutions by acting as a single point of contact. We have contracted with Verizon Wireless in order to supply our customers with wireless network coverage.

Data Security. We are listed on the VISA Global Registry of Service Providers, meaning that VISA has reviewed and accepted the Report on Compliance (RoC) from our authorized Payment Card Industry (“PCI”) assessor as a PCI DSS Service Provider. Our entry on this registry is renewed annually, and our current entry is valid through January 31, 2018. The VISA listing can be found online at http://www.visa.com/splisting/searchGrsp.do.

OUR SERVICES

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, license and transaction fees generated by our ePort Connect service represented 66.4% of the Company’s revenues. Our ePort Connect solution provides customers with all of the following services, under one cohesive service umbrella:

·

Diverse POS options. Ability to connect to a broad product line of cashless acceptance devices or software.

·

Card Processing Services. Through our existing relationships with card processors and card associations, we provide merchant account and terminal ID set up, pre-negotiated discounted fees on small ticket purchases, and direct electronic funds transfers (EFTs) to our customers’ bank accounts for all settled card transactions as well as ensure compliance with current processing guidelines.

·

Wireless Connectivity. We manage wireless account activations, distributions, and relationships with wireless providers for our customers, if needed.

·

Customer/Consumer Services. We support our installed base by providing 24‑hour help desk support, repairs, and replacement of impaired system solutions. In addition, all inbound billing inquiries are handled through a 24‑hour help desk, thereby eliminating the need for our customers to deal with consumer billing inquiries and potential chargebacks.

·

Online Sales Reporting. Via the USALive online reporting system, we provide customers with a host of sales and operational data, including information regarding their credit and cash transactions, user configuration, reporting by machine and region, by date range and transaction type, data reports for operations and finance, graphical reporting of sales, and condition monitoring for equipment service, as well as activation of new devices and redeployments.

·

M2M Telemetry and DEX data transfer. DEX, an acronym for digital exchange, is the Vending Industry’s standard way to communicate information such as sales, cash in bill validators, coins in coin boxes, sales of units by selection, pricing, door openings, and much more. The Company is able to remotely transfer and push DEX data to customers’ route management systems through its DEX partner program. The Company operates within the VDI (Vending Data Interchange) standards established by NAMA (National Automatic Merchandising Association) and sends DEX files compatible with most major remote management software systems.

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·

Over-the-Air Update Capabilities. Automatic over-the-air updates to software, settings, and features from our network to our ePort card reader keep our customers’ hardware up-to-date and enable customers to benefit from any advancement made after their hardware or software purchase.

·

Value-added Services. Access to additional services such as MORE, our loyalty program, two-tier pricing, special promotions such as our nationwide Apple Pay mobile payment for vending customers, as well as a menu of hardware purchasing options including our JumpStart and QuickStart programs.

·

Deployment Planning. Access to services to help operators successfully deploy cashless payment systems and integrated solutions that is based on our extensive market and customer experience data.

·

Premium Services. USAT offers Premium Services to support our customers that fully leverages the Company’s industry expertise and access to data. These services include planning, project management, installation support, marketing and performance evaluation.

We enter into an ePort Connect Services Agreement, our processing and licensing agreement, with our customers pursuant to which we act as a provider of cashless financial services for the customer’s distributed assets, and the customer agrees to pay us an activation fee, monthly service fees, and transaction processing fees either pursuant to this agreement or another related agreement, such as a purchase order. Our agreements are generally cancelable by the customer upon thirty to sixty days’ notice to us. It typically takes thirty to sixty days for a new connection to begin contributing to the Company’s license and transaction fee revenues.

The Company counts its ePort connections upon shipment of an active terminal to a customer under contract, at which time activation on its network is performed by the Company, and the terminal is capable of conducting business via the Company’s network and related services. An ePort connection does not necessarily mean that the unit is actually installed by the customer on a machine, or that the unit has begun processing transactions, or that the Company has begun receiving monthly service fees in connection with the unit. Rather, at the time of shipment of the ePort, the customer becomes obligated to pay the one-time activation fee (if applicable), and is obligated to pay monthly service fees and lease payments (if applicable) in accordance with the terms of the customer’s contract with the Company.

OUR PRODUCTS

ePort is the Company’s core device, which is currently being utilized in self-service, unattended markets such as vending, amusement and arcade, and various other kiosk applications. Our ePort product facilitates cashless payments by capturing payment information and transmitting it to our network for authorization with the payment system (e.g., credit card processors). Additional capabilities of our ePort consist of control/access management by authorized users, collection of audit information (e.g., date and time of sale and sales amount), diagnostic information of the host equipment, and transmission of this data back to our network for web-based reporting, or to a compatible remote management system. Our ePort products are available in several distinctive modular configurations, and as hardware, software or as an API Web service, offering our customers flexibility to install a POS solution that best fits their needs and consumer demands.

·

ePort Edge™ is a one-piece design and is intended for those customers who require a magnetic swipe-only cashless system with basic features at a lower price point.

·

ePort G‑8 is a two-piece design that supports traditional magnetic stripe credit/debit cards and contactless cards. The ePort G8 telemeter is also available as a stand-alone DEX telemetry solution.

·

ePort G‑9 has been designed to offer all the features of the G‑8 plus additional new features that support expanded acceptance options, consumer engagement offerings and advanced diagnostics.

·

ePort G10-S is a 4G LTE cashless payment device that enables faster processing and enhanced functionality for payment and consumer engagement applications that require higher speeds and large data loads.

·

ePort Interactive is a cloud-based interactive media and content delivery management system, enabling delivery of nutritional information, remote refunds, loyalty programs, and multimedia-marketing for the unattended and self-serve retail markets.

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·

QuickConnect is a Web service that allows a client application to securely interface with the Company’s ePort Connect service. QuickConnect essentially replaces ePort SDK (software development kit), which captured our ePort technology in software form for PC-based devices such as kiosks.

Other forms of our ePort technology include:

·

eSuds, our solution developed for the commercial laundry industry that enables laundry operators to provide customers cashless transactions via the use of their credit cards, debit cards and other payment mediums such as student IDs. Effective with the April 2013 mutually exclusive agreement with Setomatic Systems, we are no longer selling the entire eSuds solution to new customers, but we continue to provide processing services for laundry machines equipped with cashless hardware supplied by Setomatic Systems.

·

ePort Online, enables customers to use USALive to securely process cards typically held on file for the purpose of online billing and recurring charges. ePort Online helps USAT’s customers reduce paper invoicing and collections.

SPECIFIC MARKETS WE SERVE

Our current customers are primarily in the self-serve, small ticket retail markets including beverage and food vending and kiosk, commercial laundry, car wash, tolls, amusement and gaming, and office coffee. We estimate that there are approximately 13 million to 15 million potential connections in this self-serve, small ticket retail market. The 568,000 connections to our service as of June 30, 2017 constitute only 4% of these potential connections. While these industry sectors represent only a small fraction of our total market potential, as described below, these are the areas where we have gained the most traction to date. In addition to being our current primary markets, we believe these sectors serve as a proof-of-concept for other unattended POS industry applications.

Vending. According to Vending Times’ 2014 Census of the Industry, annual U.S. sales in the vending industry sector were estimated to be approximately $43 billion in 2013 transacted by approximately 4.5 million machines. The Company believes these machines represent a significant market opportunity for electronic payment conversion when compared to the Company’s existing ePort Connect service base and the overall low rate of industry adoption to date. For example, in another study conducted by Automatic Merchandiser (State of the Vending Industry, June 2015) that included a representative 5.1 million machines, cashless adoption was estimated at only 11% in 2014, up from 7% in 2012. With the continued shift to electronic payments and the advancement in mobile and POS technology, we believe that the traditional beverage and food vending industry will continue to look to cashless payments and telemetry systems to improve their business results.

Kiosk.  According to IHL Group’s September 2013 Market Study on Self-Service Kiosks, approximately $822 billion was transacted through self-service kiosks in 2012, which represents an increase of 5.9% from 2011. We believe that kiosks are becoming increasingly popular as credit, debit or contactless payment options enable kiosks to sell an increased variety of items. In addition, the study points to the increasing trend toward self-sufficiency, where time is the most important commodity of the consumer. As merchants continue to seek new ways to reach their customers through kiosk applications, we believe the need for a reliable cashless payment provider experienced with machine integration, PCI compliance and cashless payment services designed specifically for the unattended market will be of increasing value in this market. Our existing kiosk customers integrate with our cashless payment services via our QuickConnect Web service using one of our encrypted readers or ePort POS technologies.

Laundry. Our primary targets in laundry consist of the coin-operated commercial laundry and multi-housing laundry markets. According to the Coin Laundry Association, the U.S. commercial laundry industry was comprised of about 35,000 coin laundries in the U.S. in 2015 that our partner, Setomatic Systems, estimated translates to roughly 2.5 million commercial washers and dryers. The Coin Laundry Association estimated gross annual revenue in the laundromat market at nearly $5 billion annually.

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OUR COMPETITIVE STRENGTHS

We believe that we benefit from a number of advantages gained through our nearly twenty-five year history in our industry. They include:

1.

One-Stop Shop, End-to-End Solution. We believe that our ability to offer our customers one point of contact through a bundled cashless payment solution makes it easy and efficient for our customers to adopt and deploy our electronic payment solutions and results in a service that is unmatched in the small ticket, self-service retail market today. To our knowledge, other cashless payment solutions available in the market today require the operator to set up their own accounts for cashless processing and manage multiple service providers (i.e., hardware terminal manufacturer, wireless network provider, and/or credit card processor). We interface directly with our card processor and wireless service provider, and, with our hardware solutions, are able to offer a bundled solution to our customers.

2.

Trusted Brand Name. We believe that the ePort has a strong national reputation for quality, reliability, and innovation. We believe that card associations, payment processors, and merchants/operators trust our system solutions and services to handle financial transactions in a secure operating environment. Our trusted brand name is best exemplified by our high level of customer retention, numerous exclusive three-year agreements with customers for use of our ePort Connect service. We have agreements with partners like Visa, MasterCard, Chase Paymentech and Verizon Wireless as well as several one-way exclusive relationships which we have solidified with leading organizations within the unattended POS industry, including Setomatic Systems, AMI Entertainment Network, Inc., Innovative Foto, and Air-Serv.

3.

Market Leadership. We believe we have one of the largest installed bases of Unattended POS electronic payment systems in the unattended small ticket retail market for food and beverage and we are continuing to expand to other adjacent markets such as laundry, amusement, and gaming and kiosks. As of June 30, 2017, we had approximately 568,000 connections to our network. Our installed base supports our sales and marketing initiatives by enhancing our ability to establish or expand our market position. In addition, this data in combination with our industry experts and analysis enables us to offer Premium Services to our customers to help them deploy and better leverage our technology in their locations. We believe our installed base also provides multiple opportunities for referrals for new business, either from the merchant or operator of the deployed asset or through one of our several strategic partnerships.

4.

Attractive Value Proposition for Our Customers. We believe that our solutions provide our customers an attractive value proposition. Our solutions and services make possible increased purchases by consumers who in the past were limited to the physical cash on hand while making a purchase at an unattended terminal, thereby increasing the universe of potential customers and the size of the purchases of those customers. In addition, value-added offerings and services such as Two-Tier Pricing, which allows the operator to charge different amounts for the same product depending upon whether the consumer chooses to pay by cash or credit/debit, and M2M telemetry provide operators with the ability to pursue additional opportunities to reduce costs and improve operating efficiencies. Lastly, new consumer engagement services further extend the potential for customers to build new revenue opportunities, customer loyalty and brand distinction. One of such services is provided through the ePort Interactive platform, our cloud-based interactive media and content delivery management system, which enables delivery of nutritional information, remote refunds, loyalty programs, and multimedia-marketing campaigns for the unattended and self-serve retail markets.

5.

Increasing Scale and Financial Stability. Due to the continued growth in connections to the Company’s ePort Connect service, during the 2017 fiscal year, 66.4% of the Company’s revenues were from licensing and processing fees which are recurring in nature. We believe that this growing scale provides us improved financial stability and the footprint to market and distribute our products and services more effectively and in more markets than most of our competitors.

6.

Customer-Focused Research and Development. Our research and development initiatives focus primarily on adding features and functionality to our electronic payment solutions based on customer input and emerging market trends. As of June 30, 2017, we had 73 patents (US and International) in force, and 3 United States and 10 international patent applications pending. We have generated considerable intellectual property and know-how associated with creating a seamless, end-to-end experience for our customers.

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OUR GROWTH OPPORTUNITY

Our primary objective is to continue to enhance our position as a leading provider of technology that enables electronic payment transactions and value-added services primarily at small-ticket, self-service retail locations such as vending, kiosks, commercial laundry, and other similar markets. We plan to execute our growth strategy organically and through strategic acquisitions. The Company believes its service-approach business model can create a high-margin stream of recurring revenues that could create a foundation for long-term value and continued growth. Key elements of our strategy are to:

Drive Growth in Connections

Leverage Existing Customers/Partners. We have a solid base of key customers across multiple markets, particularly in vending, that have currently deployed our solutions and services to just a small portion of their deployed base. Approximately 93% of our new connections during the fourth fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2017 were from existing customers. We estimate that our current customers represent approximately 2.0 million potential connections. Based on the 568,000 connections to our service as of June 30, 2017, there remain approximately 1.4 million potential connections from our current customers that could be connected to our service. As a result, they are a key component of our plan to drive future sales. We have worked to build these relationships, drive future deployments, and develop customized network interfaces. Our customers have seen the benefits of our products and services first-hand and we believe they represent the largest opportunity to scale connections to our service.

Expand Distribution and Sales Reach. We are intently focused on driving profitable growth through efficient sales channels. Our sales resources and new distribution relationships have led to approximately 1,650 new ePort Connect customers as well as increased penetration in markets such as amusement and arcade, and commercial laundry in fiscal year 2017.

Further Penetrate Attractive Adjacent Markets. We plan to continue to introduce our turn-key solutions and services to various adjacent markets such as the broad-based kiosk market and other similar markets by leveraging our expertise in cashless payment integration combined with the capacity and uniqueness of our ePort Connect solution.

Capitalize on Opportunities in International Markets. We are currently focused on the U.S. and Canadian markets for our ePort devices and related ePort Connect service but may seek to establish a presence in electronic payment markets in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. In order to do so, however, we would have to invest in additional sales and marketing and research and development resources targeted towards these regions. At this time, the Company believes the most efficient route to these markets will be achieved by optimizing and coordinating opportunities with its global partners and customers. Our energy management devices have been shipped to customers located in North America, Europe, and Asia.

Expanding the Value of our Service

Capitalize on the emerging NFC and growing mobile payments trends. With approximately 83% of our connected base contactless enabled to accept NFC payments (including mobile wallets), the Company believes that continued increases in consumer preferences towards contactless payments, including mobile wallets like Apple Pay and Android Pay, represent a significant opportunity for the Company to further drive adoption. According to a market research study conducted in June 2015, almost one in six US consumers (15%) had used a mobile wallet in the past six months, up from 9% in the same period in 2013, and an additional 22% are likely to adopt mobile wallet functionality in the coming six months (The Future of the Mobile Wallet - Chadwick Martin Bailey). As consumers continue to adopt these new methods of cashless payments, it is our belief that adoption will continue to accelerate at a rapid pace and result in more rapid adoption of cashless solutions like the Company’s ePort in the markets that we serve.

Continuous Innovation. We are continuously enhancing our solutions and services in order to satisfy our customers and the end-consumers relying on our products at the POS locations. Our product innovation team is always working to enhance the design, size, and speed of data transmission, as well as security and compatibility with other electronic payment solution providers’ technologies. We believe our continued innovation will lead to further adoption of USAT’s solutions and services in the unattended POS payments market.

Comprehensive Service and Support. In addition to its industry-leading ePort cashless payments system, the Company seeks to provide its customers with a comprehensive, value-added ePort Connect service that is designed to encourage

11


 

optimal ROI through business planning and performance optimization; business metrics through the Company’s KnowledgeBase of data; a loyalty and rewards program for consumer engagement; marketing strategy and executional support; sales data and machine alerts; DEX data transmission; and the ability to extend cashless payments capabilities and the full suite of services across multiple aspects of an operator’s business including micro-markets contract food industry, online payments and mobile payments.

Leverage Intellectual Property. Through June 30, 2017, we have 73 U.S. and foreign patents in force that contain various claims, including claims relating to payment processing, networking and energy management devices. In addition, we own numerous trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets. We will continue to explore ways to leverage this intellectual property in order to add value for our customers, attain an increased share of the market, and generate licensing revenues.

SALES AND MARKETING

The Company’s sales strategy includes both direct sales and channel development, depending on the particular dynamics of each of our markets. Our marketing strategy is diversified and includes media relations, direct mail, conferences, and client referrals. As of June 30, 2017, the Company was marketing and selling its products through its full and part-time sales staff consisting of 18 people.

Direct Sales

Our direct sales efforts are currently primarily focused on the beverage and food vending industry, although we continue to further develop our presence in our ancillary market segments.

Indirect Sales/ Distribution

As part of our strategy to expand our sales reach while optimizing resources, we also have agreements with select resellers in the car wash, amusement and arcade, and vending markets. We also have a strategic marketing relationship in the commercial laundry market that makes the Company the exclusive service provider to Setomatic Systems’ POS offering, SpyderWash. We have also entered into agreements with resellers and distributors in connection with our energy management products.

Marketing

Our marketing strategy includes advertising and outreach initiatives designed to build brand awareness, make clear USAT’s competitive strengths, and prove the value of our services to our target markets-both for existing and prospective customers. Activities include creating company and product presence on the web including www.usatech.com and www.energymisers.com, digital advertising, SEO (Search Engine Optimization), and social media; the use of direct mail and email campaigns; educational and instructional online training sessions; advertising in vertically-oriented trade publications; participating in industry tradeshows and events; and working closely with customers and key strategic partners on co-marketing opportunities and new, innovative solutions that drive customer and consumer adoption of our services.

IMPORTANT RELATIONSHIPS

Verizon Wireless

In April 2011, we signed an agreement with Verizon for access to their digital wireless wide area network for the transport of data, including credit card transactions and inventory management data. The initial term of the agreement was three years, which was extended until April 2016. At the end of the term, the agreement automatically renews for successive one month periods unless terminated by either party upon thirty days’ notice.

On September 21, 2011, the Company and Verizon entered into a Joint Marketing Addendum (the “Verizon Agreement”) which amended the agreement described above. Pursuant to the Verizon Agreement, the Company and Verizon would work together to help identify business opportunities for the Company’s products and services. Verizon may introduce the Company to existing or potential Verizon customers that Verizon believes are potential purchasers of the Company’s products or services, and may attend sales calls with the Company made to these customers. The Company and Verizon would collaborate on marketing and communications materials that would be used by each of them to educate and inform

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customers regarding their joint marketing work. Verizon has the right to list the Company’s products and services in its Data Solutions Guide for use by its sales and marketing employees and in its external website. The Verizon Marketing Agreement is terminable by either party upon 45 days’ notice.

VISA

As of November 14, 2014, we entered into a three-year agreement with Visa U.S.A. Inc. (“Visa”), pursuant to which Visa has agreed to continue to make available to the Company certain promotional interchange reimbursement fees for small ticket debit and credit card transactions. As previously reported, following implementation of the Durbin Amendment, Visa had significantly increased its interchange fees for small ticket regulated debit card transactions effective October 1, 2011. The promotional interchange reimbursement fees provided by the aforementioned agreement will continue until October 31, 2017.

MasterCard

On January 12, 2015, we entered into a three-year MasterCard Acceptance Agreement (“MasterCard Agreement”) with MasterCard International Incorporated ("MasterCard"), pursuant to which MasterCard has agreed to make available to us reduced interchange rates for small ticket debit card transactions in certain merchant category codes. As previously reported, MasterCard had significantly increased its interchange rates for small ticket regulated debit card transactions effective October 1, 2011, and as a result, the Company ceased accepting MasterCard debit card products in mid-November 2011. Pursuant to the MasterCard Agreement, however, the Company is currently accepting MasterCard debit card products for small ticket debit card transactions in the unattended beverage and food vending merchant category code. The Company and MasterCard entered into a first amendment on April 27, 2015, pursuant to which the conditions under, or the transactions to, which the MasterCard custom pricing would be available, was amended. The reduced interchange rates became effective on April 20, 2015.

Chase Paymentech

We entered into a five-year Third Party Payment Processor Agreement, dated April 24, 2015 with Paymentech, LLC, through its member, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“Chase Paymentech”), pursuant to which Chase Paymentech will act as the provider of credit and debit card transaction processing services (including authorization, conveyance and settlement of transactions) to the Company and its customers. The Agreement provides that Chase Paymentech will act as the exclusive provider of transaction processing services to the Company and its customers for at least 250 million transactions per year. The Agreement provides that Chase Paymentech may modify the pricing for its services upon 30‑days’ notice, and in connection with certain such increases, the Company has the right to terminate the Agreement upon 120‑days’ notice.

Compass/Foodbuy

On June 30, 2009, we entered into a Master Purchase Agreement (“MPA”) with Foodbuy, LLC (“Foodbuy”), the procurement company for Compass Group USA, Inc. (“Compass”) and other customers. The MPA provides, among other things that, for a period of thirty-six months, Foodbuy, on behalf of Compass, shall utilize USAT as the sole credit or debit card vending system hardware and related software and connect services provider for not less than seventy-five percent of the vending machines of Compass utilizing cashless payments solutions. The MPA also provides that, for a period of thirty-six months from the effective date of the agreement, USAT shall be a preferred supplier and provider to Foodbuy and its customers, including Compass, of USAT’s products and services. The MPA automatically renews for successive one-year periods unless terminated by either party upon sixty days’ notice prior to the end of any such one year renewal period. In addition, on July 1, 2009, USAT and Compass, in conjunction with the MPA described above, also entered into a three-year ePort Connect Services Agreement pursuant to which USAT will provide Compass with all card processing, data, network, communications and financial services, and DEX telemetry data services required in connection with all Compass vending machines utilizing ePorts. The agreement automatically renews for successive one-year periods unless terminated by either party upon sixty days’ notice prior to the end of any such one-year renewal period. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, Compass represented approximately 25% of our total revenues.

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AMI Entertainment

On August 22, 2011, we entered into an exclusive three-year agreement with AMI Entertainment (“AMI”) as their exclusive processor of credit and debit cards and other electronic payments in connection with equipment operated on AMI’s network in the U.S. and Canada. The agreement is subject to renewal for one-year periods thereafter, subject to notice of non-renewal by either party. AMI manufactures various types of amusement, entertainment and music equipment for sale to third party users.

Setomatic Systems

In April 2013, we entered into a three-year exclusive agreement with Setomatic Systems (“Setomatic”), a privately owned and operated developer and manufacturer of both open and closed loop card payment systems, drop coin meters and electronic timers for the commercial laundry industry. Under the terms of the agreement, the Company, through our ePort Connect® service, will act as the exclusive service provider for all credit/debit card processing for all new customers of Setomatic’s SpyderWash, a credit/debit card acceptance product. Similarly, the Company will market its ePort Connect service in the United States laundry market exclusively through Setomatic. The agreement is subject to renewal for one-year periods after the initial three-year term, subject to notice of non-renewal by either party.

QUICK START PROGRAM

In order to reduce customers’ upfront capital costs associated with the ePort hardware, the Company makes available to its customers the Quick Start program, pursuant to which the customer would enter into a five-year non-cancelable lease with either the Company or a third-party leasing company for the devices. At the end of the lease period, the customer would have the option to purchase the device for a nominal fee.

From its introduction in September 2014 and through approximately mid-March 2015, the Company entered into these leases directly with its customers. In the third and fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015, however, the Company signed vendor agreements with two leasing companies, whereby our customers could enter into leases directly with the leasing companies.

There has been a shift by our customers from acquiring our product via JumpStart, which accounted for 9% of our gross connections in fiscal year 2016, and for 7% of our gross connections in fiscal year 2017, to QuickStart or a straight purchase, which accounted for approximately 93% of gross connections in fiscal year 2017. The shift to a straight purchase, along with our ability to increase cash collections under QuickStart sales by utilizing leasing companies, improves cash provided by operating activities.

Due to the success of the QuickStart program as measured by customer utilization of the program and the positive impact on the Company’s cash flows from operating activities when a leasing company is utilized, the Company intends to expand this program by entering into additional vendor agreements with leasing companies and/or expanding its relationship with the two incumbent leasing companies.

JUMP START PROGRAM

Pursuant to the JumpStart Program, customers acquire the ePort cashless device at no upfront cost by paying a higher monthly service fee, avoiding the need to make a major upfront capital investment. The Company would continue to own the ePort device utilized by its customer. At the time of the shipment of the ePort device, the customer is obligated to pay to the Company a one-time activation fee, and is later obligated to pay monthly ePort Connect service fees in accordance with the terms of the customer’s contract with the Company, in addition to transaction processing fees generated from the device. In fiscal year 2017, the Company added approximately 7% of its gross connections through JumpStart.

MANUFACTURING

The Company utilizes independent third party companies for the manufacturing of its products. Our internal manufacturing process mainly consists of quality assurance of materials and testing of finished goods received from our contract manufacturers. We have not entered into a long-term contract with our contract manufacturers, nor have we agreed to

14


 

commit to purchase certain quantities of materials or finished goods from our manufacturers beyond those submitted under routine purchase orders, typically covering short-term forecasts.

COMPETITION

We are a leading provider of cashless payments systems for the small-ticket, unattended market and believe we have the largest installed base of unattended POS electronic payment systems in the beverage and food vending industry. Factors that we consider to be our competitive advantages are described above under “OUR COMPETITIVE STRENGTHS.” Our competitors are increasingly and actively marketing  products and services that compete with our products and services in the vending space including manufacturers who may include in their new vending machines their own (or another third party’s) cashless payment systems and services. These major competitors include Crane Payment Innovations and Cantaloupe Systems, Inc. While we believe our products and services are superior to our competitors’, many of our competitors are much larger enterprises and have substantially greater revenues. In addition to these competitors, there are also numerous credit card processors that offer card processing services to traditional retail establishments that could decide to offer similar services to the industries that we serve.

In the cashless laundry market, our joint solution with Setomatic Systems competes with hardware manufacturers, who provide joint solutions to their customers in partnership with payment processors, and with at least one competitor who provides an integrated hardware and payment processing solution.

TRADEMARKS, PROPRIETARY INFORMATION, AND PATENTS

The Company owns US federal registrations for the following trademarks and service marks: Blue Light Sequence®, Business Express®, CM2iQ®, Creating Value Through Innovation®, EnergyMiser®, ePort®, ePort Connect®, ePort Edge®, ePort GO®, ePort Mobile®, eSuds®, Intelligent Vending®, Public PC®, SnackMiser®, TransAct®, USA Technologies® USALive®, VendingMiser®, PC EXPRESS®, VENDSCREEN® and VM2iQ®. The Company owns pending applications for US federal registration of the following trademarks and service marks: Horizontal Blue Light Sequence™, and MORE.

Much of the technology developed or to be developed by the Company is subject to trade secret protection. To reduce the risk of loss of trade secret protection through disclosure, the Company has entered into confidentiality agreements with its key employees. There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in maintaining such trade secret protection, that they will be recognized as trade secrets by a court of law, or that others will not capitalize on certain aspects of the Company’s technology.

Through June 30, 2017, 96 patents have been granted to the Company, including 81 United States patents and 15 foreign patents, and 3 United States and 10 international patent applications are pending. Of the 96 patents, 73 are still in force. Our patents expire between 2017 and 2035.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and development expenses, which are included in selling, general and administrative expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, were approximately $1.4 million, $1.4 million and $1.5 million for the years ended June 30, 2017,  2016 and 2015, respectively.

EMPLOYEES

As of June 30, 2017, the Company had 91 full-time employees and 10 part-time employees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Risks Relating to Our Business

 

We have a history of losses since inception and if we continue to incur losses, the price of our shares can be expected to fall.

We experienced losses from inception through June 30, 2012, with net income for the years ended June 30, 2013 and June 30, 2014. However, we experienced losses for the fiscal years 2015, 2016, and 2017, and continued profitability is not assured. From our inception through June 30, 2017, our cumulative losses from operations are approximately $183 million. Until the Company’s products and services can generate sufficient annual revenues, the Company will be required to use its cash and cash equivalents on hand, its line of credit, and may raise capital to meet its cash flow requirements including the issuance of common stock or debt financing. For the years ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, we incurred a net loss of $1.9 million and $6.8 million, respectively. If we continue to incur losses in the future, the price of our common stock can be expected to fall.

The occurrence of material unanticipated expenses may require us to divert our cash resources from achieving our business plan, adversely affecting our financial performance and resulting in the decline of our stock price.

In the event we incur any material unanticipated expenses, we may be required to divert our cash resources from our operating activities in order to fund any such expenses. Any such occurrence may cause our anticipated connections, revenues, gross profits, and other financial metrics for the 2017 fiscal year and beyond to be materially adversely affected. In such event, the price of our common stock could be expected to fall.

The inability of our customers to utilize third party leasing companies under our QuickStart program would materially adversely affect our cash generated from operating activities and/or attaining our business plan.

The use of third party leasing companies by our customers under our QuickStart program positively affects our net cash provided by operating activities because we receive the purchase price from the leasing company at the time of the sale. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain such third party leasing companies. To the extent that third party leasing companies would not be available, we would lease the equipment directly to our customers. In such event, our net cash from operating activities would be adversely affected and we may be required to incur additional equity or debt financing to fund operations. In the alternative, we would not be able to attain our business plan, including anticipated connections and revenues.

We may require additional financing or find it necessary to raise capital to sustain our operations and without it we may not be able to achieve our business plan.

At June 30, 2017, we had net working capital of $5.8 million. We had net cash (used in) provided by operating activities of $(6.8) million, $6.5 million, and $(1.7) million for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively. Although we believe that we have adequate existing resources to provide for our funding requirements over the next 12 months, there can be no assurances that we will be able to continue to generate sufficient funds thereafter. Unless we maintain or grow our current level of operations, we may need additional funds to continue these operations. We may also need additional capital to update our technology or respond to unusual or unanticipated non-operational events. Should the financing that we require to sustain our working capital needs be unavailable or prohibitively expensive when we require it, the consequences could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.

Our future operating results may fluctuate.

Our future operating results will depend significantly on our ability to continue to drive revenues from license and transaction fees and our ability to develop and commercialize new products and services. Our operating results may fluctuate based upon many factors, including:

·

fluctuations in revenue generated by our business;

·

fluctuations in operating expenses;

16


 

·

our ability to establish or maintain effective relationships with significant partners and suppliers on acceptable terms;

·

the amount of debit or credit card interchange rates that are charged by Visa and MasterCard;

·

the fees that we charge our customers for processing services;

·

the successful operation of our network;

·

the commercial success of our customers, which could be affected by such factors as general economic conditions;

·

the level of product and price competition;

·

the timing and cost of, and our ability to develop and successfully commercialize, new or enhanced products and services;

·

activities of, and acquisitions or announcements by, competitors;

·

the impact from any impairment of inventory, goodwill, fixed assets or intangibles;

·

the impact of any changes of valuation allowance on deferred tax assets;

·

the ability to increase the number of customer connections to our network;

·

marketing programs which delay realization by us of monthly service fees on our new connections;

·

the material breach of security of any of the Company’s systems or third party systems utilized by the Company; and

·

the anticipation of and response to technological changes.

 

Our products may fail to gain substantial increased market acceptance. As a result, we may not generate sufficient revenues or profit margins to achieve our financial objectives or growth plans.

There can be no assurances that demand for our products will be sufficient to enable us to generate sufficient revenue or become profitable on a sustainable basis. Likewise, no assurance can be given that we will be able to have a sufficient number of ePorts® connected to our network or sell or lease equipment utilizing our network to enough locations to achieve significant revenues. Alternatively, the locations which utilize the network may not be successful locations and our revenues would be adversely affected. We may lose locations utilizing our products to competitors, or may not be able to install our products at competitors’ locations, or may not obtain future locations which would be obtained by our competitors. In addition, there can be no assurance that our products could evolve or be improved to meet the future needs of the marketplace. In any such event, we may not be able to achieve our growth plans, including anticipated connections and revenue growth.

We may be required to incur further debt to meet future capital requirements of our business. Should we be required to incur additional debt, the restrictions imposed by the terms of such debt could adversely affect our financial condition and our ability to respond to changes in our business.

If we incur additional debt, we may be subject to the following risks:

·

our vulnerability to adverse economic conditions and competitive pressures may be heightened;

·

our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and industry may be limited;

·

our debt covenants may affect our flexibility in planning for, and reacting to, changes in the economy and in our industry;

·

a high level of debt may place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that are less leveraged and therefore, may be able to take advantage of opportunities that our indebtedness would prevent us from pursuing;

·

the covenants contained in the agreements governing our outstanding indebtedness may limit our ability to borrow additional funds, dispose of assets and make certain investments;

·

a significant portion of our cash flows could be used to service our indebtedness;

·

we may be sensitive to fluctuations in interest rates if any of our debt obligations are subject to variable interest rates; and

·

our ability to obtain additional financing in the future for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, general corporate purposes or other purposes may be impaired.

 

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We cannot assure you that our leverage and such restrictions will not materially and adversely affect our ability to finance our future operations or capital needs or to engage in other business activities. In addition, we cannot assure you that additional financing will be available when required or, if available, will be on terms satisfactory to us.

Our bank borrowing agreement contains restrictions which may limit our flexibility in operating and growing our business.

Our bank borrowing agreement contains covenants regarding our maintenance of a minimum quarterly adjusted EBITDA as defined in our loan agreement and certain numbers of connections. Our loan agreement also includes covenants that limit our ability to engage in specified types of transactions, including among other things:

·

incur additional indebtedness or issue equity;

·

pay dividends on, repurchase or make distributions in respect of our common stock;

·

make certain investments (including acquisitions) and distributions;

·

sell certain assets;

·

create liens;

·

consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets;

·

enter into certain transactions with respect to our affiliates;

·

ability to enter into business combinations; and

·

certain other financial and non-financial covenants.

 

We were in compliance with these covenants as of June 30, 2017. Failure to be in compliance with these covenants could result in an event of default which, if not cured or waived, could result in the acceleration of all or a portion of our outstanding indebtedness, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The loss of one or more of our key customers could significantly reduce our revenues, results of operations, and net income.

We have derived, and believe we may continue to derive, a significant portion of our revenues from one large customer or a limited number of large customers. Customer concentrations for the years ended June 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

2017

    

2016

    

2015

 

Trade account and finance receivables - one customer

 

42

%  

18

%  

35

%

License and transaction processing revenues - one customer

 

20

%  

16

%  

21

%

Equipment sales revenue - one customer

 

37

%  

28

%  

17

%

 

 

Our customers may buy less of our products or services depending on their own technological developments, end-user demand for our products and internal budget cycles. A major customer in one year may not purchase any of our products or services in another year, which may negatively affect our financial performance. We have offered, and may in the future offer, discounts to our large customers to incentivize them to continue to utilize our products and services. If we are required to sell products to any of our large customers at reduced prices or unfavorable terms, our results of operations and revenue could be materially adversely affected. Further, there is no assurance that our customers will continue to utilize our transaction processing and related services as our customer agreements are generally cancelable by the customer on thirty to sixty days’ notice.

We depend on our key personnel and, if they leave us, our business could be adversely affected.

We are dependent on key management personnel, particularly the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Stephen P. Herbert. The loss of services of Mr. Herbert or other officers could dramatically affect our business prospects. Our executive officers and certain of our officers and employees are particularly valuable to us because:

·

they have specialized knowledge about our company and operations;

·

they have specialized skills that are important to our operations; or

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·

they would be particularly difficult to replace.

 

We have entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Herbert, which contains confidentiality and non-compete provisions. The agreement provided for an initial term continuing through January 1, 2013, which is automatically renewed for consecutive one year periods unless terminated by either Mr. Herbert or the Company upon at least 90 days’ notice prior to the end of the initial term or any one-year extension thereof.

We also may be unable to retain other existing senior management, sales personnel, and development and engineering personnel critical to our ability to execute our business plan, which could result in harm to key customer relationships, loss of key information, expertise or know-how and unanticipated recruitment and training costs.

Our dependence on proprietary technology and limited ability to protect our intellectual property may adversely affect our ability to compete.

Challenge to our ownership of our intellectual property could materially damage our business prospects. Our technology may infringe upon the proprietary rights of others. Our ability to execute our business plan is dependent, in part, on our ability to obtain patent protection for our proprietary products, maintain trade secret protection and operate without infringing the proprietary rights of others.

Through June 30, 2017, we had 13 pending United States and foreign patent applications, and will consider filing applications for additional patents covering aspects of our future developments, although there can be no assurance that we will do so. In addition, there can be no assurance that we will maintain or prosecute these applications. The United States Government and other countries have granted us 96 patents as of June 30, 2017. There can be no assurance that:

·

any of the remaining patent applications will be granted to us;

·

we will develop additional products that are patentable or do not infringe the patents of others;

·

any patents issued to us will provide us with any competitive advantages or adequate protection for our products;

·

any patents issued to us will not be challenged, invalidated or circumvented by others; or

·

any of our products would not infringe the patents of others.

 

If any of our products or services is found to have infringed any patent, there can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain licenses to continue to manufacture, use, sell, and license such product or service or that we will not have to pay damages and/or be enjoined as a result of such infringement. Even if a patent application is granted for any of our products, there can be no assurance that the patented technology will be a commercial success or result in any profits to us.

If we are unable to adequately protect our proprietary technology or fail to enforce or prosecute our patents against others, third parties may be able to compete more effectively against us, which could result in the loss of customers and our business being adversely affected. Patent and proprietary rights litigation entails substantial legal and other costs, and diverts Company resources as well as the attention of our management. There can be no assurance we will have the necessary financial resources to appropriately defend or prosecute our intellectual property rights in connection with any such litigation.

Competition from others could prevent the Company from increasing revenue and achieving its growth plans.

While we are a leading provider and believe we have the largest installed base of unattended POS electronic payment systems in the small ticket, beverage and food vending industry, our competitors are increasingly and actively marketing products and services that compete with our products and services in this vending space. The competition includes manufacturers who may include in their new vending machines their own (or another third party’s) cashless payment systems and services other than our systems and services. While we believe our products and services are superior to our competitors, many of our competitors are much larger enterprises and have substantially greater revenues. In addition to these competitors, there are also numerous credit card processors that offer card processing services to traditional retail establishments that could decide to offer similar services to the industries that we serve. Competition from other companies, including those that are well established and have substantially greater resources, may reduce our profitability or reduce our business opportunities. Competition may result in lower profit margins on our products or may reduce potential profits or result in a loss of some or all of our customer base. To the extent that our competitors are able to offer more attractive technology, our ability to compete could be adversely affected.

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The termination of any of our relationships with third parties upon whom we rely for supplies and services that are critical to our products could adversely affect our business and delay achievement of our business plan.

We depend on arrangements with third parties for a variety of component parts used in our products. We have contracted with various suppliers to assist us to develop and manufacture our ePort® products. For other components, we do not have supply contracts with any of our third-party suppliers and we purchase components as needed from time to time. We have contracted with a third-party data system recovery vendor to host our network in a secure, 24/7 environment to ensure the reliability of our network services. We also have contracted with multiple land-based telecommunications providers to ensure the reliability of our land-based network. If these business relationships are terminated, the implementation of our business plan may be delayed until an alternative supplier or service provider can be retained. If we are unable to find another source or one that is comparable, the content and quality of our products could suffer and our business, operating results and financial condition could be harmed.

A disruption in the manufacturing capabilities of our third-party manufacturers, suppliers or distributors would negatively impact our ability to meet customer requirements.

We depend upon third-party manufacturers, suppliers and distributors to deliver components free from defects, competitive in functionality and cost, and in compliance with our specifications and delivery schedules. Since we generally do not maintain large inventories of our products or components, any termination of, or significant disruption in, our manufacturing capability or our relationship with our third-party manufacturers or suppliers may prevent us from filling customer orders in a timely manner.

We have occasionally experienced, and may in the future experience, delays in delivery of products and delivery of products of inferior quality from third-party manufacturers. Although alternate manufacturers and suppliers are generally available to produce our products and product components, the number of manufacturers or suppliers of some of our products and components is limited, and a qualified replacement manufacturer or supplier could take several months. In addition, our use of third-party manufacturers reduces our direct control over product quality, manufacturing timing, yields and costs. Disruption of the manufacture or supply of our products and components, or a third-party manufacturer’s or supplier’s failure to remain competitive in functionality, quality or price, could delay or interrupt our ability to manufacture or deliver our products to customers on a timely basis, which would have a material adverse effect on our business and financial performance.

Substantially all of the network service contracts with our customers are terminable for any or no reason upon thirty to sixty days’ advance notice.

Substantially all of our customers may terminate their network service contracts with us for any or no reason upon providing us with thirty or sixty days’ advance notice. Accordingly, consistent demand for and satisfaction with our products by our customers is critical to our financial condition and future success. Problems, defects, or dissatisfaction with our products or services or competition in the marketplace could cause us to lose a substantial number of our customers with minimal notice. If a substantial number of our customers were to exercise their termination rights, it would result in a material adverse effect to our business, operating results, and financial condition.

Our reliance on our wireless telecommunication service provider exposes us to a number of risks over which we have no control, including risks with respect to increased prices and termination of essential services.

The operation of our wireless networked devices depends upon the capacity, reliability and security of services provided to us by our wireless telecommunication services providers, AT&T Mobility and Verizon Wireless. We have no control over the operation, quality or maintenance of these services or whether the vendor will improve or reduce its services or continue to provide services that are essential to our business. In addition, subject to our existing contracts with them, our wireless telecommunication services providers may increase their prices, which would increase our costs. If our wireless telecommunication services providers were to cease to provide essential services or to significantly increase prices, we could be required to find alternative vendors for these services. With a limited number of vendors, we could experience significant delays in obtaining new or replacement services, which could lead to slowdowns or failures of our network. In addition, we may have to replace our existing ePort® devices that are already installed in the marketplace and which are utilizing the existing vendor’s services. This could significantly harm our reputation and could cause us to lose customers and revenues.

20


 

We may not be able to adapt to changing technology and our customers’ technology needs.

We face rapidly changing technology and frequent new service offerings that can render existing services obsolete or unmarketable. Our future depends, in part, on our ability to enhance existing services and to develop, introduce and market, on a timely and cost effective basis, new services that keep pace with technological developments and customer requirements. Developing new products and technologies is a complex, uncertain process requiring innovation and accurate anticipation of technological and market trends. When changes to the product line are announced, we will be challenged to manage possible shortened life cycles for existing products and continue to sell existing products. Our inability to respond effectively to any of these challenges may have a material adverse effect on our business and financial success.

Security is vital to our customers and therefore breaches in the security of transactions involving our products or services could adversely affect our reputation and results of operations.

Protection against fraud is of key importance to purchasers and end-users of our products. We incorporate security features, such as encryption software and secure hardware, into our products to protect against fraud in electronic payment transactions and to ensure the privacy and integrity of consumer data. We design and test our products to industry security standards and our products and methodologies are under periodic review and improvement. Our products and services and third party products and services that are utilized by us may be vulnerable to breaches in security due to defects in our security mechanisms, the operating system and applications in our hardware platform. Security vulnerabilities could jeopardize the security of information transmitted or stored using our products. If the security of the information in our products is compromised, our reputation and marketplace acceptance of our products will be adversely affected, which would adversely affect our results of operations, and subject us to potential liability. If our security applications are breached and sensitive data is lost or stolen, we could incur significant costs to not only assess and repair any damage to our systems, but also to reimburse customers for losses that occur from the fraudulent use of the data. We may also be subject to fines and penalties from the credit card associations in the event of the loss of confidential card information.

Our products and services may be vulnerable to security breach.

Credit card issuers have promulgated credit card security guidelines as part of their ongoing efforts to battle identity theft and credit card fraud. We continue to work with credit card issuers to assure that our products and services comply with these rules. There can be no assurances, however, that our products and services or third party products and services utilized by us are invulnerable to unauthorized access or hacking. When there is unauthorized access to credit card data that results in financial loss, there is the potential that parties could seek damages from us, and our business reputation and results of operations would be materially adversely affected.

If we fail to adhere to the standards of the Visa and MasterCard credit card associations, our registrations with these associations could be terminated and we could be required to stop providing payment processing services for Visa and MasterCard.

Substantially all of the transactions handled by our network involve Visa or MasterCard. If we fail to comply with the applicable requirements of the Visa and MasterCard credit card associations, Visa or MasterCard could suspend or terminate our registration with them. The termination of our registration with them or any changes in the Visa or MasterCard rules that would impair our registration with them could require us to stop providing payment processing services through our network. In such event, our business plan and/or competitive advantages in the market place would be materially adversely affected.

We rely on other card payment processors; if they fail or no longer agree to provide their services, our customer relationships could be adversely affected and we could lose business.

We rely on agreements with other large payment processing organizations, primarily Chase Paymentech, to enable us to provide card authorization, data capture, settlement and merchant accounting services and access to various reporting tools for the customers we serve. The termination by our card processing providers of their arrangements with us or their failure to perform their services efficiently and effectively may adversely affect our relationships with the customers whose accounts we serve and may cause those customers to terminate their processing agreements with us.

21


 

We are subject to laws and regulations that affect the products, services and markets in which we operate. Failure by us to comply with these laws or regulations would have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

We are, among other things, subject to banking regulations and credit card association regulations. Failure to comply with these regulations may result in the suspension of our business, the limitation, suspension or termination of service, and/or the imposition of fines that could have an adverse effect on our financial condition. Additionally, changes to legal rules and regulations, or interpretation or enforcement thereof, could have a negative financial effect on us or our product offerings. To the extent this occurs, we could be subject to additional technical, contractual or other requirements as a condition of our continuing to conduct our payment processing business. These requirements could cause us to incur additional costs, which could be significant, or to lose revenues to the extent we do not comply with these requirements.

New legislation could be enacted regulating the basis upon which interchange rates are charged for debit or credit card transactions, which could increase the debit or credit card interchange fees charged by bankcard networks. An example of such legislation is the so-called “Durbin Amendment,” to the Dodd Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010. The Durbin Amendment regulates the basis upon which interchange rates for debit card transactions are made to ensure that interchange rates are “reasonable and proportionate to costs.” Pursuant to regulations that were promulgated by the Federal Reserve, Visa and MasterCard have significantly increased their interchange fees for small ticket debit card transactions.

As of November 14, 2014, we entered into a three-year agreement with Visa U.S.A. Inc. (“Visa”), pursuant to which Visa has agreed to continue to make available to the Company certain promotional interchange reimbursement fees for small ticket debit and credit card transactions. Similarly, MasterCard International Incorporated ("MasterCard") has agreed to make available to us reduced interchange rates for small ticket debit card transactions pursuant to a three-year MasterCard Acceptance Agreement dated January 12, 2015, as amended by a First Amendment thereto dated April 27, 2015. If the foregoing agreements with Visa and MasterCard are not extended, our financial results would be materially adversely affected unless we are able to pass these significant additional charges to our customers.

Increases in card association and debit network interchange fees could increase our operating costs or otherwise adversely affect our operations. If we do not pass along to our customers any future increases in credit or debit card interchange fees, assessments and transaction fees, our gross profits would be reduced.

We are obligated to pay interchange fees and other network fees set by the bankcard networks to the card issuing bank and the bankcard networks for each transaction we process through our network. From time to time, card associations and debit networks increase the organization and/or processing fees, known as interchange fees that they charge. Under our processing agreements with our customers, we are permitted to pass along these fee increases to our customers through corresponding increases in our processing fees. Passing along such increases could result in some of our customers canceling their contracts with us. Consequently, it is possible that competitive pressures will result in our Company absorbing some or all of the increases in the future, which would increase our operating costs, reduce our gross profit and adversely affect our business.

During the term of the Visa Agreement, the Company does not anticipate accepting any debit cards with interchange fees that are higher than the rates provided under the Visa Agreement. The Company will continue to accept Visa- and MasterCard- branded debit cards in addition to all major credit cards, including Visa, MasterCard, Discover and American Express at its current processing rates. If the Visa or MasterCard Agreements are not extended, our financial results would be materially adversely affected unless we are able to pass these significant additional charges to our customers.

The ability to recruit, retain and develop qualified personnel is critical to the Company’s success and growth.

For the Company to successfully compete and grow, it must retain, recruit and develop the necessary personnel who can provide the needed expertise required in its business. In addition, the Company must develop its personnel to provide succession plans capable of maintaining continuity in the midst of the inevitable unpredictability of human capital. However, the market for qualified personnel is competitive and the Company may not succeed in recruiting additional personnel or may fail to effectively replace current personnel who depart with qualified or effective successors. The Company’s effort to retain and develop personnel may also result in significant additional expenses. The Company cannot assure that key personnel, including executive officers, will continue to be employed or that it will be able to attract and

22


 

retain qualified personnel in the future. Failure to retain or attract key personnel could have a material adverse effect on the Company.

We incur chargeback liability when our customers refuse or cannot reimburse chargebacks resolved in favor of consumers. Any increase in chargebacks not paid by our customers may adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

In the event a dispute between a cardholder and a customer is not resolved in favor of the customer, the transaction is normally charged back to the customer and the purchase price is credited or otherwise refunded to the cardholder. If we are unable to collect such amounts from the customer's account, or if the customer refuses or is unable, due to closure, bankruptcy or other reasons, to reimburse us for a chargeback, we bear the loss for the amount of the refund paid to the cardholder. We may experience significant losses from chargebacks in the future. Any increase in chargebacks not paid by our customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. We have policies to manage customer-related credit risk and attempt to mitigate such risk by monitoring transaction activity. Notwithstanding our programs and policies for managing credit risk, it is possible that a default on such obligations by one or more of our customers could have a material adverse effect on our business.

Failure to maintain effective systems of internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures could cause a loss of confidence in our financial reporting and adversely affect the trading price of our common stock.

Effective internal control over financial reporting is necessary for us to provide accurate financial information. Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires us to evaluate the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of the end of each fiscal year and to include a management report assessing the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. Although our internal controls over financial reporting were effective as of June 30, 2017, we identified a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting as of June 30, 2016 and June 30, 2015. If we are unable to adequately maintain our internal control over financial reporting in the future, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results, which could cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, negatively affecting the trading price of our common stock, or our ability to access the capital markets.

Risks Relating to Our Common Stock

We do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future and therefore investors should not anticipate cash dividends on their investment.

The holders of our common stock and series A convertible preferred stock are entitled to receive dividends when, and if, declared by our board of directors. Our board of directors does not intend to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future, but instead intends to retain any and all earnings to finance the growth of the business. To date, we have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock or our series A convertible preferred stock and there can be no assurance that cash dividends will ever be paid on our common stock.

Our articles of incorporation prohibit the declaration of any dividends on our common stock unless and until all unpaid and accumulated dividends on the series A convertible preferred stock have been declared and paid. In addition, our loan agreement with our bank prohibits us from paying dividends without the prior consent of our bank. Through August 7, 2017, the unpaid and cumulative dividends on the series A convertible preferred stock are $14.66 million. As of June 30, 2017, each share of series A convertible preferred stock was convertible into 0.1940 of a share of common stock at the option of the holder and is subject to further adjustment as provided in our articles of incorporation. The unpaid and cumulative dividends on the series A convertible preferred stock are convertible into shares of our common stock at the rate of $1,000 per share at the option of the holder. During the year ended June 30, 2017, none of our series A convertible preferred stock and no cumulative preferred dividends were converted into shares of common stock.

Our articles of incorporation also provide that the preferred stock has a liquidation preference over the common stock in the amount of $10 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends. As of June 30, 2017, the liquidation preference was $18.78 million.

23


 

Upon certain fundamental transactions involving the Company, such as a merger or sale of substantially all of our assets, we may be required to distribute the liquidation preference then due to the holders of our series A preferred stock which would reduce the amount of the distributions otherwise to be made to the holders of our common stock in connection with such transactions.

Our articles of incorporation provide that upon a merger or sale of substantially all of our assets or upon the disposition of more than 50% of our voting power, the holders of at least 60% of the preferred stock may elect to have such transaction treated as a liquidation and be entitled to receive their liquidation preference. Upon our liquidation, the holders of our preferred stock are entitled to receive a liquidation preference prior to any distribution to the holders of common stock which, as of June 30, 2017 was $18.8 million.

Our stock price may be volatile.

The trading price of our common stock is expected to be subject to significant fluctuations in response to various factors including, but not limited to, the following:

·

variations in operating results and achievement of key business metrics;

·

changes in earnings estimates by securities analysts, if any;

·

any differences between reported results and securities analysts’ published or unpublished expectations;

·

announcements of new contracts, service offerings or technological innovations by us or our competitors;

·

market reaction to any acquisitions, joint ventures or strategic investments announced by us or our competitors;

·

demand for our services and products;

·

shares of common stock being sold pursuant to Rule 144 or upon exercise of warrants;

·

regulatory matters;

·

concerns about our financial position, operating results, litigation, government regulation, developments or disputes relating to agreements, patents or proprietary rights;

·

potential dilutive effects of future sales of shares of common stock by shareholders and by the Company;

·

the amount of average daily trading volume in our common stock;

·

our ability to obtain working capital financing; and

·

general economic or stock market conditions unrelated to our operating performance.

 

The securities market in recent years has from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations, as well as general economic conditions, may also materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

Director and officer liability is limited.

As permitted by Pennsylvania law, our by-laws limit the liability of our directors for monetary damages for breach of a director’s fiduciary duty except for liability in certain instances. As a result of our by-law provisions and Pennsylvania law, shareholders may have limited rights to recover against directors for breach of fiduciary duty. In addition, our by-laws and indemnification agreements entered into by the Company with each of the officers and directors provide that we shall indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by law.

Our publicly-filed reports are reviewed by the SEC from time to time and any significant changes required as a result of any such review may result in material liability to us, and have a material adverse impact on the trading price of our common stock.

24


 

The reports of publicly-traded companies are subject to review by the SEC from time to time for the purpose of assisting companies in complying and to assess their compliance with applicable disclosure requirements and to enhance the overall effectiveness of companies’ public filings, and comprehensive reviews of such reports are now required at least every three years under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. SEC reviews may be initiated at any time. While we believe that our previously filed SEC reports comply, and we intend that all future reports will comply in all material respects with the published SEC rules and regulations, we could be required to modify or reformulate information contained in prior filings as a result of an SEC review. Any modification or reformulation of information contained in such reports could be significant and result in material liability to us and have a material adverse impact on the trading price of our common stock.

Item 2. Properties.

The Company leases approximately 23,138 square feet of space located in Malvern, Pennsylvania, for its principal executive office and for general administrative functions, sales activities, product development, and customer support. The Company’s monthly base rent for the premises is approximately $47 thousand, and will increase each year up to a maximum monthly base rent of approximately $53 thousand. The lease expires on November 30, 2023.

The Company also leases 11,250 square feet of space in Malvern, Pennsylvania for its product warehousing and shipping under a lease agreement which expires on February 28, 2019. As of June 30, 2017, the Company’s rent payment is approximately $5 thousand per month.

The Company leases space in Portland, Oregon related to its VendScreen acquisition. The current lease commenced on October 17, 2016, and will terminate on December 31, 2019. The leased premises consists of approximately 5,362 square feet of rentable space. The lease includes monthly rental payments of approximately $11 thousand per month through December 31, 2019.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings. 

 

As previously reported, on October 1, 2015, a purported class action was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania against the Company and its executive officers alleging violations under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The complaint alleges, among other things, that the defendants failed to disclose that there were significant deficiencies in the design and operating effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, which, when aggregated, represented a material weakness in internal control, and, as a result, the Company’s public statements were materially false and misleading. The complaint seeks certification as a class action, unspecified compensatory damages plus interest, attorneys’ fees and other costs.  On February 1, 2016, the Company filed a motion to dismiss the complaint. On April 14, 2016, the Court issued an order granting the Company’s motion to dismiss the complaint. On May 13, 2016, the plaintiff appealed the Court’s order to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. On August 16, 2016, the plaintiff filed a motion for relief from final judgment with the District Court seeking an order modifying the District Court’s previous order dismissing the complaint, and permitting the plaintiff to now file an amended complaint. On September 19, 2016, the District Court issued an order denying the plaintiff’s motion for relief from final judgment, and on October 4, 2016, the plaintiff filed an appeal of this order with the Court of Appeals. On October 6, 2016, the Court of Appeals consolidated the two appeals of plaintiff for all purposes. On March 28, 2017, oral argument was held before the Court of Appeals, and as of the date hereof, the Court of Appeals has not rendered a decision.

 

By letter dated December 7, 2015, a purported shareholder of the Company demanded that the Board of Directors investigate, remedy and commence proceedings against certain of the Company’s current and former officers and directors for breach of fiduciary duties in connection with the material weakness in its internal controls over financial reporting which were more fully described in the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015 (the “2015 Form 10-K”). In response to the demand letter, the Board of Directors formed a special litigation committee (the “SLC”) in order to investigate and evaluate the demand letter. On June 1, 2016, and before the SLC had concluded its investigation, the purported shareholder filed a purported derivative action on behalf of the Company in the Chester County, Pennsylvania, Court of Common Pleas, against certain current and former officers and directors. The complaint alleges that the defendants breached their fiduciary duties relating to the material weakness in internal controls reported in the 2015 Form 10-K. The complaint seeks unspecified damages against the defendants and certain equitable relief. On July 15, 2016 the SLC issued its report (the “SLC Report”) which, among other things, concluded that none of the current or former officers or directors had breached their fiduciary duties, that it was not in the best interests of the Company to pursue the pending shareholder derivative action, and that the Company request the Court to dismiss the action in its entirety. On August 1,

25


 

2016, the Board of Directors of the Company adopted all of the conclusions and recommendations set forth in the SLC Report. On August 17, 2016, the Company filed with the Court a motion to dismiss the shareholder complaint. On March 8, 2017, the Court entered an order granting the Company’s motion to dismiss the complaint. On April 6, 2017, the plaintiff appealed the order to the Superior Court of Pennsylvania. As of the date hereof, the Superior Court has not rendered a decision.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

26


 

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Our common stock is traded on The NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “USAT.”

The high and low sales prices on The NASDAQ Global Market for the common stock were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended June 30, 2017

    

High

    

Low

First Quarter (through September 30, 2016)

 

$

5.81

 

$

4.05

Second Quarter (through December 31, 2016)

 

$

5.77

 

$

3.55

Third Quarter (through March 31, 2017)

 

$

4.85

 

$

3.80

Fourth Quarter (through June 30, 2017)

 

$

5.60

 

$

3.95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year ended June 30, 2016

    

High

    

Low

First Quarter (through September 30, 2015)

 

$

3.52

 

$

1.70

Second Quarter (through December 31, 2015)

 

$

3.40

 

$

2.18

Third Quarter (through March 31, 2016)

 

$

4.54

 

$

2.69

Fourth Quarter (through June 30, 2016)

 

$

4.73

 

$

3.50

 

As of August 7, 2017, there were approximately 571 holders of record of our common stock and 275 record holders of the preferred stock. This number does not include stockholders for whom shares were held in a “nominee” or “street” name.

The holders of the common stock are entitled to receive such dividends as the Board of Directors of the Company may from time to time declare out of funds legally available for payment of dividends. Through the date hereof, no cash dividends have been declared on the Company’s common stock or preferred stock. No dividend may be paid on the common stock until all accumulated and unpaid dividends on the preferred stock have been paid. As of August 7, 2017, such accumulated unpaid dividends amounted to $14.7 million. The preferred stock is also entitled to a liquidation preference over the common stock which, as of June 30, 2017 equaled $18.8 million.

As of June 30, 2017, equity securities authorized for issuance by the Company with respect to compensation plans were as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan category

    

Number of Securities
to be issued upon
exercise of outstanding
options and warrants
(a)

    

Weighted average
exercise price of
outstanding options
and warrants
(b)

    

Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
(c)

 

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

 

913,220

 

$

2.82

 

1,062,451

(1)

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

TOTAL

 

913,220

 

$

2.82

 

1,062,451

 

 


(1)

Represents (i) 1,052,000 shares of common stock issuable under the 2015 Stock Incentive Plan, (ii) 1,447 shares of common stock underlying stock options issuable under the 2014 Stock Option Incentive Plan, and (iii) 9,004 shares of common stock issuable under the Company’s 2013 Stock Incentive Plan.

As of August 7, 2017, shares of common stock reserved for future issuance were as follows:

·

23,978 shares issuable upon the exercise of common stock warrants at an exercise price of $5.00 per share

·

101,001 shares issuable upon the conversion of outstanding preferred stock and cumulative preferred stock dividends;

27


 

·

9,004 shares issuable under the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan;

·

716,667 shares underlying stock options issued or to be issued under the 2014 Stock Option Incentive Plan;

·

1,052,000 shares issuable, and/or shares underlying stock options to be issued, under the 2015 Stock Incentive Plan; and

·

140,000 shares issuable to our former CEO upon the occurrence of a USA Transaction.

PERFORMANCE GRAPH

The following graph shows a comparison of the 5‑year cumulative total shareholder return for our common stock with The NASDAQ Composite Index and the S&P 500 Information Technology Index in the United States. The graph assumes a $100 investment on June 30, 2012 in our common stock and in the NASDAQ Composite Index and the S&P 500 Information Technology Index, including reinvestment of dividends.

COMPARISON OF 5‑YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN

Among USA Technologies, Inc., The NASDAQ Composite Index and The S&P 500 Information Technology Index

Picture 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Return For:

    

Jun-12

    

Jun-13

    

Jun-14

 

Jun-15

    

Jun-16

 

Jun-17

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA Technologies, Inc.

 

$

100

 

$

120

 

$

146

 

$

186

 

$

294

 

$

359

NASDAQ Composite

 

$

100

 

$

116

 

$

149

 

$

168

 

$

163

 

$

207

S&P 500 Information Technology Index

 

$

100

 

$

106

 

$

137

 

$

150

 

$

154

 

$

204

 

The information in the performance graph is not deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate it by reference into such a filing. The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

28


 

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

The following selected financial data for the five years ended June 30, 2017 are derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of USA Technologies, Inc. The data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, related notes, and other financial information.

29


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

As of and for the Year ended June 30, 

($ in thousands, except per share data)

    

2017

    

2016

    

2015

    

2014

    

2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPERATIONS DATA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$

104,093

 

$

77,408

 

$

58,077

 

$

42,345

 

$

35,940

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

 

$

135

 

$

(1,467)

 

$

(240)

 

$

437

 

$

714

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income  (1)

 

$

(1,852)

 

$

(6,806)

 

$

(1,089)

 

$

27,531

 

$

854

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative preferred dividends

 

 

(668)

 

 

(668)

 

 

(668)

 

 

(668)

 

 

(668)

Net (loss) income applicable to common shares

    

$

(2,520)

 

$

(7,474)

 

$

(1,757)

 

$

26,863

 

$

186

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) earnings per common share - basic

 

$

(0.06)

 

$

(0.21)

 

$

(0.05)

 

$

0.77

 

$

0.01

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) earnings per common share - diluted

 

$

(0.06)

 

$

(0.05)

 

$

0.78

 

$

0.78

 

$

0.01

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividends per common share

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BALANCE SHEET DATA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

97,691

 

$

84,833

 

$

75,134

 

$

70,764

 

$

36,576

Capital lease obligations and long-term debt, including current portion

 

$

4,291

 

$

2,205

 

$

2,332

 

$

423

 

$

370

Shareholders’ equity

 

$

65,778

 

$

55,025

 

$

53,311

 

$

53,737

 

$

23,379

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOW DATA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

$

(6,771)

 

$

6,468

 

$

(1,698)

 

$

7,085

 

$

6,039

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

 

(3,693)

 

 

(5,772)

 

 

3,354

 

 

(7,917)

 

 

(9,181)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

 

3,937

 

 

7,202

 

 

646

 

 

3,923

 

 

2,696

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(6,527)

 

 

7,898

 

 

2,302

 

 

3,091

 

 

(446)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

19,272

 

 

11,374

 

 

9,072

 

 

5,981

 

 

6,427

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

12,745

 

$

19,272

 

$

11,374

 

$

9,072

 

$

5,981

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONNECTIONS AND TRANSACTION DATA (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net New Connections

 

 

139,000

 

 

96,000

 

 

67,000

 

 

52,000

 

 

50,000

Total Connections

 

 

568,000

 

 

429,000

 

 

333,000

 

 

266,000

 

 

214,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Customers Added

 

 

1,650

 

 

1,450

 

 

2,300

 

 

2,250

 

 

1,750

Total Customers

 

 

12,700

 

 

11,050

 

 

9,600

 

 

7,300

 

 

5,050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Number of Transactions (millions)

 

 

414.9

 

 

315.8

 

 

216.6

 

 

168.5

 

 

129.1

Transaction Volume ($ millions)

 

$

803.0

 

 

584.4

 

$

388.9

 

$

293.8

 

$

219.0


(1)

Net income for the year ended June 30, 2014 includes an income tax benefit of $27.3 million for the reduction of tax valuation allowance.

30


 

The following unaudited quarterly financial operations data for the years ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016 is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of USA Technologies, Inc. and its interim reports for the quarters therein. The data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, related notes, and other financial information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNAUDITED

YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2017

    

First Quarter

    

Second Quarter

    

Third Quarter

    

Fourth Quarter

    

Year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$

21,588

 

$

21,756

 

$

26,460

 

$

34,289

 

$

104,093

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

$

6,167

 

$

6,334

 

$

6,625

 

$

7,520

 

$

26,646

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating (loss) income

 

$

(950)

 

$

234

 

$

419

 

$

432

 

$

135

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income

 

$

(2,464)

 

$

233

    

$

136

 

$

243

 

$

(1,852)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative preferred dividends

 

$

(334)

 

$

 —

 

$

(334)

 

$

 —

 

$

(668)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income applicable to common shares

 

$

(2,798)

 

$

233

 

$

(198)

 

$

243

 

$

(2,520)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) earnings per common share - basic

 

$

(0.07)

 

$

0.01

 

$

0.00

 

$

0.01

 

$

(0.06)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) earnings per common share - diluted

 

$

(0.07)

 

$

0.01

 

$

0.00

 

$

0.01

 

$

(0.06)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - basic

 

 

38,488,005

 

 

40,308,934

 

 

40,327,697

 

 

40,331,993

 

 

39,860,335

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - diluted

 

 

38,488,005

 

 

40,730,712

 

 

40,327,697

 

 

40,772,482

 

 

39,860,335

 

31


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNAUDITED

YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2016

    

First Quarter

    

Second Quarter

    

Third Quarter

    

Fourth Quarter

    

Year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$

16,600

 

$

18,503

 

$

20,361

 

$

21,944

 

$

77,408

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

$

5,047

 

$

5,483

 

$

5,672

 

$

5,783

 

$

21,985

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)

 

$

112

 

$

594

 

$

(595)

 

$

(1,578)

 

$

(1,467)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

360

 

$

(874)

 

$

(5,420)

 

$

(872)

 

$

(6,806)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative preferred dividends

 

$

(334)

 

$

 —

 

$

(334)

 

$

 —

 

$

(668)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) applicable to common shares

 

$

26

 

$

(874)

 

$

(5,754)

 

$

(872)

 

$

(7,474)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) per common share - basic

 

$

0.00

 

$

(0.02)

 

$

(0.16)

 

$

(0.02)

 

$

(0.21)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) per common share - diluted

 

$

0.00

 

$

(0.02)

 

$

(0.16)

 

$

(0.02)

 

$

(0.21)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - basic

 

 

35,848,395

 

 

35,909,933

 

 

36,161,626

 

 

37,325,681

 

 

36,309,047