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EX-10.24 - EXHIBIT 10.24 - BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.ex1024amendmentno1toersp.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.br20170630ex322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.br20170630ex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.br20170630ex312.htm
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EX-23.1 - EXHIBIT 23.1 - BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.br20170630ex231.htm
EX-21 - EXHIBIT 21 - BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.ex21subsidiarylist.htm
EX-12.1 - EXHIBIT 12.1 - BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.br20170630ex121.htm
 
 
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
(Mark One)
ý    ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2017
OR
¨    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001- 33220
 
BROADRIDGE FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
DELAWARE
 
33-1151291
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
5 DAKOTA DRIVE, LAKE SUCCESS, NY
 
11042
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
(516) 472-5400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class:
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered:
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (Section 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated Filer  ý     Accelerated Filer  ¨     Non-Accelerated Filer  ¨     Smaller Reporting Company  ¨    
Emerging Growth Company  ¨ If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
The aggregate market value, as of December 31, 2016, of common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $7,774,721,987.
As of July 31, 2017, there were 116,475,417 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding (excluding 37,985,710 shares held in treasury), par value $0.01 per share.

 
 
 
                                                        

 
 
 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the fiscal year end of June 30, 2017 are incorporated by reference into Part III.

 
 
 
                                                        


TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
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ITEM 1B.
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ITEM 6.
ITEM 7.
ITEM 7A.
ITEM 8.
ITEM 9.
ITEM 9A.
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ITEM 15.

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PART I.
Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements that are not historical in nature and which may be identified by the use of words such as “expects,” “assumes,” “projects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “we believe,” “could be” and other words of similar meaning, are forward-looking statements. In particular, information appearing under “Business,” “Risk Factors,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” includes forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management’s expectations and assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements include:
the success of Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Broadridge” or the “Company”) in retaining and selling additional services to its existing clients and in obtaining new clients;
Broadridge’s reliance on a relatively small number of clients, the continued financial health of those clients, and the continued use by such clients of Broadridge’s services with favorable pricing terms;
any material breach of Broadridge security affecting its clients’ customer information;
changes in laws and regulations affecting Broadridge’s clients or the services provided by Broadridge;
declines in participation and activity in the securities markets;
the failure of our outsourced data center services provider to provide the anticipated levels of service;
a disaster or other significant slowdown or failure of Broadridge’s systems or error in the performance of Broadridge’s services;
overall market and economic conditions and their impact on the securities markets;
Broadridge’s failure to keep pace with changes in technology and the demands of its clients;
the ability to attract and retain key personnel;
the impact of new acquisitions and divestitures; and
competitive conditions.
There may be other factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements. We can give no assurances that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking statements will occur or, if any of them do, what impact they will have on our results of operations and financial condition. You should carefully read the factors described in the “Risk Factors” section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a description of certain risks that could, among other things, cause our actual results to differ from these forward-looking statements.
All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances that arise after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, other than as required by law.

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ITEM 1.
Business
Overview
Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Broadridge” or the “Company”), a Delaware corporation, is a global fintech leader providing investor communications and technology-driven solutions to banks, broker-dealers, mutual funds and corporate issuers. Our services include investor and customer communications, securities processing, and data and analytics solutions. In short, we provide the infrastructure that helps the financial services industry operate. With over 50 years of experience, including 10 years as an independent public company, we provide financial services firms with advanced, dependable, scalable and cost-effective integrated systems. Our systems help reduce the need for clients to make significant capital investments in operations infrastructure, thereby allowing them to increase their focus on core business activities. We deliver a broad range of solutions that help our clients better serve their retail and institutional customers across the entire investment lifecycle, including pre-trade, trade, and post-trade processing functionality.
Our businesses operate in two reportable segments: Investor Communication Solutions and Global Technology and Operations. We serve a large and diverse client base across four client groups: capital markets, asset management, wealth management and corporations.
For capital markets firms, we help our clients lower costs and improve the effectiveness of their trade and account processing operations with support for middle- and back-office operations, administration, finance, and risk and compliance. For asset management firms, we support cross-asset, multi-currency investing across a range of brokers and executing venues from a single technology and operating solution. For wealth management firms, we provide advisors with tools to create a better investor experience, while also delivering a more streamlined, efficient, and effective process. We help corporations manage every aspect of their shareholder communications—from registered and beneficial proxy processing, to annual meeting support and transfer agency services. Our customer communication solutions help companies transform their essential communications such as bills and statements into engaging, personalized experiences.

Investor Communication Solutions

We offer Bank/Broker-Dealer Investor Communication Solutions, Customer Communication Solutions, Corporate Issuer Solutions, Advisor Solutions and Mutual Fund and Retirement Solutions through this segment. A large portion of our Investor Communication Solutions business involves the processing and distribution of proxy materials to investors in equity securities and mutual funds, as well as the facilitation of related vote processing. In fiscal year 2017, we processed approximately 80% of the outstanding shares in the United States (“U.S.”) in the performance of our proxy services. ProxyEdge®, our innovative electronic proxy delivery and voting solution for institutional investors and financial advisors, helps ensure the voting participation of the largest stockholders of many companies. In addition, we provide corporations with registered proxy services as well as registrar, stock transfer and record-keeping services. We also provide the distribution of regulatory reports and corporate action/reorganization event information, as well as tax reporting solutions that help our clients meet their regulatory compliance needs.

We provide customer communication solutions to companies in the financial services, healthcare, insurance, consumer finance, telecommunications, utilities, retail banking and other service industries. The Broadridge Communications CloudSM, launched in 2016, provides multi-channel communications delivery, communications management, information management and control and administration capabilities that enable and enhance our clients’ communications with their customers. We process and distribute our clients’ essential communications including transactional (e.g., bills and statements), regulatory (e.g., explanations of benefits, notices, and trade confirmations) and marketing (e.g., direct mail) communications through print and digital channels. In fiscal year 2017, we processed over 5 billion investor and customer communications.

Our advisor solutions enable firms, financial advisors, wealth managers, and insurance agents to better engage with customers through cloud-based marketing and customer communication tools. Our marketing ecosystem integrates data, content and technology to drive new client acquisition and cross-sell opportunities through the creation of sales and educational content, including seminars and a library of financial planning topics as well as customizable advisor websites, search engine marketing and electronic and print newsletters. Our advisor solutions also help advisors optimize their practice management through customer and account data aggregation and reporting. We currently support over 150,000 professionals at more than 250 financial firms with our advisor solutions.

Our mutual fund and retirement solutions are a full range of tools for mutual funds, exchange traded fund (“ETF”) providers, and asset management firms. They include data-driven technology solutions for data management, analytics, investment accounting, marketing and customer communications. In addition, we provide mutual fund trade processing

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services for retirement providers, third party administrators, financial advisors, banks and wealth management professionals through our subsidiary, Matrix Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Matrix”).

Global Technology and Operations

We are the leading middle- and back-office securities processing platform for North American and global broker-dealers. We offer a suite of advanced computerized real-time transaction processing services that automate the securities transaction lifecycle, from desktop productivity tools, data aggregation, performance reporting, and portfolio management to order capture and execution, trade confirmation, settlement, reference data, reconciliations and accounting. Our services help financial institutions and investment managers efficiently and cost-effectively consolidate their books and records, gather and service assets under management and manage risk, thereby enabling them to focus on their core business activities. Provided on a software as a service (“SaaS”) basis, our platform is a global market solution, clearing and settling in over 80 countries. Our multi-currency solutions support real-time global trading of equity, fixed income, mutual fund, foreign exchange, and exchange traded derivative securities in established and emerging markets. We process on average over $5 trillion in equity and fixed income trades per day of U.S. and Canadian securities.

We also provide business process outsourcing services known as our Managed Services solution. These services support the operations of our clients’ businesses including their securities clearing, record-keeping, and custody-related functions. Our clients execute and clear their securities transactions and engage us to perform a number of related administrative back-office functions, such as record-keeping and reconciliations. In this capacity, we are not the broker-dealer of record.
History and Development of Our Company
We are the former Brokerage Services division of Automatic Data Processing, Inc. (“ADP”). Broadridge was incorporated in Delaware as a wholly-owned subsidiary of ADP on March 29, 2007 in anticipation of our spin-off from ADP. We spun off from ADP and began operating as an independent public company on March 30, 2007. Our company has over 50 years of history in providing innovative solutions to financial services firms and publicly-held companies. In 1962, the Brokerage Services division of ADP opened for business with one client, processing an average of 300 trades per night. In 1979, we expanded our U.S.-based securities processing solutions to process Canadian securities.
We made significant additions to our Global Technology and Operations business through two key acquisitions in the mid-1990s. In 1995, we acquired a London-based provider of multi-currency clearance and settlement services, to become a global supplier of transaction processing services. In 1996, we acquired a provider of institutional fixed income transaction processing systems.
We began offering our proxy services in 1989. The proxy services business, which started what has become our Investor Communication Solutions business, leveraged the information processing systems and infrastructure of our Global Technology and Operations business. Our proxy services offering attracted 31 major clients in its first year of operations. In 1992, we acquired The Independent Election Corporation of America which further increased our proxy services capabilities. By 1999, we were handling over 90% of the investor communication distributions for securities held of record by banks and broker-dealers in the U.S. — from proxy statements to annual reports. During the 1990s, we expanded our proxy services business to serve security owners of Canadian and United Kingdom issuers and we began offering a complete outsourced solution for international proxies.
In 1994, we began offering ProxyEdge, our innovative electronic proxy delivery and voting solution for institutional investors that helps ensure the participation of the largest stockholders of many companies. In 1998, having previously provided print and distribution services as an accommodation to our securities processing and proxy clients, we decided to focus on account statement and reporting services. In 2001, we developed and released an electronic document distribution and archiving solution of all investor communications. In 2010, we entered the transfer agency business through an acquisition of a provider of registrar, stock transfer and record-keeping services.
In fiscal year 2011, we acquired three businesses in the Investor Communication Solutions segment. In August 2010, we acquired NewRiver, Inc. (“NewRiver”), a leader in mutual fund electronic investor disclosure solutions. In December 2010, we acquired Forefield, Inc. (“Forefield”), a leading provider of real-time sales, education and client communication solutions for financial institutions and their advisors. In January 2011, we acquired Matrix, a provider of mutual fund processing services for third party administrators, financial advisors, banks and wealth management professionals. Matrix’s back-office, trust, custody, trading and mutual fund and ETF settlement services are integrated into our product suite thereby strengthening Broadridge’s role as a provider of data processing and distribution channel solutions to the mutual fund industry.

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In fiscal year 2010, we acquired City Networks Ltd, a leading software and services provider of reconciliation, multi-asset process automation and operational risk management solutions to the global financial services industry. In fiscal year 2012, the Company acquired Paladyne Systems, Inc., now known as Broadridge Investment Management Solutions, a provider of buy-side technology solutions for the global investment management industry. Both of these businesses are part of our Global Technology and Operations segment.
In fiscal year 2014, we completed the acquisitions of two businesses in the Investor Communication Solutions segment. In July 2013, we acquired Bonaire Software Solutions, LLC (“Bonaire”), a leading provider of fee calculation, billing, and revenue and expense management solutions for asset managers including institutional asset managers, wealth managers, mutual funds, bank trusts, hedge funds and capital markets firms. In February 2014, we acquired Emerald Connect, LLC (“Emerald”), a leading provider of websites and related communications solutions for financial advisors.
In fiscal year 2015, we completed the acquisitions of three businesses in the Investor Communication Solutions segment. In March 2015, we acquired Direxxis LLC (“Direxxis”), a provider of cloud-based marketing solutions and services for financial advisors. In April 2015, we acquired the trade processing business of the Wilmington Trust Retirement and Institutional Services unit of M&T Bank Corporation (“WTRIS”). This business has been combined with our mutual fund and ETF trade processing platform. In June 2016, we acquired the Fiduciary Services and Competitive Intelligence unit (“FSCI”) from Thomson Reuters’ Lipper division, now known as Broadridge Fund Information Services. This acquisition expanded the Company’s enterprise data and analytics solutions for mutual fund manufacturers, ETF issuers, and fund administrators, adding new global data and research capabilities.

Also in fiscal year 2015, we completed the acquisition of one business in the Global Technology and Operations segment. In December 2014, we acquired TwoFour Systems LLC (“TwoFour Systems”), now known as Broadridge FX and Liquidity Solutions, a provider of real-time foreign exchange solutions for capital market firms.

In fiscal year 2016, we acquired one business in each of the Investor Communication Solutions and Global Technology and Operations segments. In November 2015, we acquired QED Financial Systems, Inc. (“QED”), a provider of investment accounting solutions that serves public sector institutional investors. In June 2016, we acquired 4sight Financial Software Limited (“4sight Financial”), a global provider of securities financing and collateral management systems to financial institutions.

In fiscal year 2017, the Investor Communication Solutions segment acquired one business and completed one asset acquisition, and we acquired two businesses in the Global Technology and Operations segment.

In July 2016, Broadridge acquired the North American Customer Communications (“NACC”) business of DST Systems, Inc. NACC is a leading provider of customer communication services including print and digital communication solutions, content management, postal optimization, and fulfillment. The NACC business is part of our customer communications business and is known as Broadridge Customer Communications.

In September 2016, Broadridge acquired intellectual property assets from Inveshare, Inc. (“Inveshare”) and concurrently entered into a development agreement with an affiliate of Inveshare to use these assets to develop blockchain technology applications for Broadridge’s proxy business. Broadridge also granted Inveshare a perpetual license to the acquired technology assets.

In November 2016, Broadridge acquired M&O Systems, Inc. (“M&O”). M&O is a provider of SaaS-based compensation management and related solutions for broker-dealers and registered investment advisors, and is now known as Broadridge Advisor Compensation Solutions.

In March 2017, Broadridge acquired Message Automation Limited (“MAL”). MAL is a specialist provider of post-trade control solutions for sell-side and buy-side firms. The Company previously owned 25% of MAL through its acquisition of City Networks Ltd in fiscal year 2010, and purchased the remaining 75% of the company.
The Broadridge Business
Investor Communication Solutions
A majority of publicly-traded shares are not registered in companies’ records in the names of their ultimate beneficial owners. Instead, a substantial majority of all public companies’ shares are held in “street name,” meaning that they are held of record by broker-dealers or banks through their depositories. Most street name shares are registered in the name “Cede & Co.,” the name used by The Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation (“DTCC”), which holds shares on behalf of its participant

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broker-dealers and banks. These participant broker-dealers and banks (which are known as “Nominees” because they hold securities in name only) in turn hold the shares on behalf of their clients, the individual beneficial owners. Nominees, upon request, are required to provide companies with lists of beneficial owners who do not object to having their names, addresses, and share holdings supplied to companies, so called “non-objecting beneficial owners” (or “NOBOs”). Objecting beneficial owners (or “OBOs”) may be contacted directly only by the broker-dealer or bank.
Because DTCC’s role is only that of custodian, a number of mechanisms have been developed in order to pass the legal rights it holds as the record owner (such as the right to vote) to the beneficial owners. The first step in passing voting rights down the chain is the “omnibus proxy,” which DTCC executes to transfer its voting rights to its participant Nominees.
Under applicable rules, Nominees must deliver proxy materials to beneficial owners and request voting instructions. A large number of Nominees have contracted out the administrative processes of distributing proxy materials and tabulating voting instructions to us. Nominees accomplish this by entering agreements with us and by transferring to us via powers of attorney the authority to execute a proxy, which authority they receive from DTCC (via omnibus proxy). Through our agreements with Nominees for the provision of beneficial proxy services, we take on the responsibility of ensuring that the account holders of Nominees receive proxy materials, and that their voting instructions are conveyed to the companies conducting solicitations. In addition, we take on the responsibility of ensuring that these services are fulfilled in accordance with each company’s requirements with respect to its particular solicitation. In order for us to provide the beneficial proxy services effectively, we interface and coordinate directly with each company to ensure that the services are performed in an accurate and acceptable manner.
Given the large number of Nominees involved in the beneficial proxy process resulting from the large number of beneficial shareholders, we play a unique, central and integral role in ensuring that the beneficial proxy process occurs without issue. Because it would be impracticable and would also increase the costs for companies to work with all of the Nominees through which their shares are held beneficially, companies work with us for the performance of all the tasks and processes necessary to ensure that proxy materials are distributed to all beneficial owners and that their votes are accurately reported.
Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) rules require public companies to reimburse Nominees for the expense of distributing stockholder communications to beneficial owners of securities held in street name. The reimbursement rates are set forth in the rules of self-regulatory organizations (“SROs”), including the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”). We bill public companies for the proxy services performed, collect the fees and remit to the Nominee its portion of the fees. In addition, the NYSE rules establish fees specifically for the services provided by intermediaries in the proxy process, such as Broadridge.
We also compile NOBO lists on behalf of Nominees in response to requests from issuers. The preparation of NOBO lists is subject to reimbursement by the securities issuers requesting such lists to the broker-dealers. The reimbursement rates are based on the number of NOBOs on the list produced pursuant to NYSE or other SRO rules. The rules also provide for certain fees to be paid to third party intermediaries who compile NOBO lists. We function as an intermediary in the NOBO process.
We also provide proxy distribution, vote tabulation, and various additional investor communication tools and services to institutional investors, corporate issuers, investment companies and financial advisors.
The Investor Communications Solutions segment’s revenues represented approximately 83%, 77%, and 75% of our total Revenues in fiscal years 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively. These services include the following:
Bank/Broker-Dealer Investor Communication Solutions. We handle the entire proxy materials distribution and voting process for our capital markets clients on-line and in real-time, from coordination with third party entities to ordering, inventory maintenance, mailing, tracking and vote tabulation. We offer electronic proxy delivery services for the electronic delivery of proxy materials to investors and collection of consents; maintenance of a database that contains the delivery method preferences of our clients’ customers; posting of documents on the Internet; e-mail notification to investors notifying them that proxy materials are available; and proxy voting over the Internet, mobile devices and tablets. We also have the ability to combine stockholder communications for multiple stockholders residing at the same address which we accomplish by having ascertained the delivery preferences of investors. In addition, we provide a complete outsourced solution for the processing of international proxies. We also provide a complete reorganization communications solution to notify investors of reorganizations or corporate action events such as tender offers, mergers and acquisitions, bankruptcies, and class action lawsuits.

We provide institutional investors with a suite of services to manage the entire proxy voting process, including fulfilling their fiduciary obligations and meeting their reporting needs, such as ProxyEdge, our workflow solution that integrates ballots for positions held across multiple custodians and presents them under a single proxy. Voting can be instructed for the entire position, by account vote group or on an individual account basis either manually or automatically based on the recommendations of participating governance research providers. ProxyEdge also provides for client reporting and regulatory

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reporting. ProxyEdge can be utilized for meetings of U.S. and Canadian companies and for meetings in many non-North American countries based on the holdings of our global custodian clients. ProxyEdge is offered in several languages and there are currently approximately 5,900 ProxyEdge users worldwide.
In addition, we offer our Mailbox products-Advisor Mailbox and Investor Mailbox®-which support and complement any investor communication strategy. Our Investor Mailbox solution provides the electronic delivery of investor communications to our clients’ websites, enabling investor access to regulatory delivery notices, day-to-day account and investment information and convenient response tools. Our Advisor Mailbox is an electronic communications platform for financial advisors that delivers immediate electronic access to the communications and documents sent to such advisors’ customers. Advisor Mailbox streamlines multiple communication paths for all investor-related documents into a single-visit portal that is integrated onto an advisor’s platform.
We also provide tax services to financial services firms that support their various daily workflows, supervisory control and client reporting requirements for information reporting (e.g., Forms 1099 and 1042-S), with a focus on securities and fund processing and clearance operations. Our tax data services provide tax content and data management, including securities tax classifications and reclassifications, calculations of original issue discount and other accrual and cost basis adjusting events. Our tax managed services provide technology and client reporting, including print and electronic distribution and archival.
Our NewRiver business provides important capabilities for the broker-dealer and retirement and annuity markets. Specifically, NewRiver’s proprietary extraction, normalization and presentment capabilities from the SEC’s EDGAR database have enabled us to enhance our prospectus post-sale fulfillment operations by moving to an on-demand solution. This process provides efficiency for our clients as it reduces their reliance on offset print and fund delivered inventory. Broadridge has also been able to leverage the intellectual property in this business to provide portfolio-specific solutions for the retirement and annuity markets. Through our integration of this functionality into our existing capabilities, we offer a new and efficient fulfillment model for regulatory and compliance mailings.
Our Global Securities Class Action (“GSCA”) solution is a securities class action monitoring, notification, and filing service for broker-dealers, trust banks, hedge funds, mutual funds and the advisor markets.

We believe that blockchain distributed ledger technology has the potential to transform everything from proxies to stock exchanges to the trading of foreign currencies and commodities. Blockchain activity has dramatically increased in the financial services industry, with most market participants acknowledging the technology’s transformative potential and testing its feasibility, while also acknowledging the significant amount of technological and business complexity required to adapt existing infrastructure to leverage blockchain’s benefits. Recognizing this market context, as part of our blockchain strategy we are focusing on our proxy services, while we also explore the benefits blockchain can bring to the clients of our other services. To help execute this strategy, in addition to our internal development efforts, we have invested in start-up companies, acquired the technology assets of Inveshare, and have been co-innovating with our clients and other market participants.

Customer Communication Solutions. We provide multi-channel customer communication solutions to companies in the financial services, healthcare, insurance, consumer finance, telecommunications, utilities, retail banking and other service industries. The Broadridge Communications Cloud, launched in 2016, provides for the delivery of essential communications including transactional (e.g., bills and statements), regulatory (e.g., explanations of benefits, notices, and trade confirmations) and marketing (e.g., direct mail) communications across print and digital channels from one platform. The Communications Cloud enables our clients to leverage data, analytics and workflow tools to create personalized digital and print communications. The Communications Cloud’s advanced reporting and archive capabilities provide companies with insight into customer behavior to help our clients enhance future communications with their customers. In July 2016, we acquired the NACC business of DST Systems, Inc. NACC is a leading provider of customer communication services, including print and digital communication solutions, content management, postal optimization, and fulfillment. The NACC business is part of our customer communications business and is known as Broadridge Customer Communications. 
Corporate Issuer Solutions. We are the largest processor and provider of investor communication solutions to public companies through the performance of beneficial proxy services for our bank and broker-dealer clients. We offer our corporate issuer clients many tools to facilitate their communications with investors such as Internet and telephone proxy voting, electronic delivery of corporate filings, and householding of communications to stockholders at the same address. One of our opportunities for growth in the Investor Communication Solutions segment involves serving corporate issuer clients in providing communications services to registered stockholders—that is, stockholders who do not hold their shares through a broker-dealer in street name and instead hold their shares directly on the books and records of the issuer. We also offer proxy services to non-North American corporate issuers in connection with their general and special meetings of stockholders. Our

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corporate issuer services include ShareLink®, which provides complete project management for the beneficial and registered proxy process.
We also provide registrar, stock transfer and record-keeping services. Our strategy in the transfer agency business is to address the needs public companies have expressed for more efficient and reliable stockholder record maintenance and communication services. We are accomplishing this by leveraging our investor communications and securities processing capabilities to enable us to deliver enhanced transfer agency services to corporate issuers. In addition, we offer issuers and their shareholders the ability to migrate their shareholders’ holdings from registered to beneficial ownership, thereby creating efficiencies for issuers and greater convenience for their shareholders.
Our Virtual Shareholder Meeting service provides corporate issuers with the ability to host their annual meeting electronically on the Internet, either on a stand-alone basis, or in conjunction with their physical annual meeting where permitted by state corporate law. As the provider of beneficial shareholder proxy processing on behalf of many banks and brokerage firms, we provide shareholder validation and voting services to companies that want to hold virtual meetings. Our Shareholder Forum solution is an online venue that offers public companies the ability to host structured, controlled communication with their shareholders on a timely and regular basis. Validated shareholders can submit questions, answer surveys in preparation of the annual meeting and year-round, and communicate in various ways with a corporation.
In fiscal year 2014, we introduced Shareholder Data Services, a platform integrating three new capabilities for corporate issuers: an analytics engine for obtaining a comprehensive view of a company’s  shareholder base - both registered and beneficial shareholders; custom targeted communications for reaching discrete shareholder segments based on specific criteria; and response reporting for evaluating results of targeted reminder mailings to shareholders. Shareholder Data Services enables companies to better plan and prepare for the proxy process by leveraging information about historical patterns of shareholder participation and behavior in the design of communication strategies with targeted segments of shareholders. Companies can also monitor progress of their proxy voting and easily take action when voting requirements or voting thresholds are at risk. Combined with the ability to measure their shareholders’ response to communications, this product suite also enables companies to capture valuable aggregated voting behavior data as a basis for on-going investor communications initiatives.
    
To further complement our Shareholder Data Services, we introduced an Enhanced Packaging service for annual meeting materials in 2015. Enhanced Packaging offers windowed envelope options enabling issuers to engage their shareholders before they even open the envelope through call-to-action messaging, product highlights or simply showcasing the annual report. Higher shareholder engagement through Enhanced Packaging creates opportunity for issuers to improve proxy voting participation as well as increase brand loyalty.

Advisor Solutions. We deliver business critical data, technology products and marketing services to financial advisors. We have created a suite of solutions through the acquisition and combination of four businesses - Forefield, Emerald, Investigo and Direxxis - to form a single business unit, Broadridge Advisor Solutions. These solutions enable firms, financial advisors, wealth managers, and insurance agents to better engage with customers through cloud-based marketing and customer communication tools. Our marketing ecosystem integrates data, content and technology to drive new client acquisition and cross-sell opportunities through the creation of sales and educational content, including seminars and a library of financial planning topics as well as customizable advisor websites, search engine marketing and electronic and print newsletters. Our advisor solutions also help advisors optimize their practice management through customer and account data aggregation and reporting.

Our advisor solutions provide financial planning knowledge that enables timely, accurate and meaningful communications among financial institutions, advisors and their customers. We have expanded our services portfolio to leverage our industry leading financial content for use by financial services firms in their social media content libraries. We continue to develop new applications that further the goal of creating timely, accurate and meaningful communications for both advisors and their customers. For example, our Women’s Resource Center, which contains a broad selection of content for both the advisor and their customer, focuses specifically on the requirements and challenges faced by women investors.

Our data aggregation solution helps advisors manage and build client relationships by providing customer account data aggregation, performance reporting, household grouping, automated report creation, document storage, and integration with popular financial planning and productivity applications.

In addition, our advisor solutions enable financial institutions and their advisors to advise, educate and communicate with their customers and prospects through mobile-responsive, content-rich websites, print and digital newsletters, comprehensive and topic-specific seminars, targeted email marketing, and direct mail services to invite clients to seminars and other events.


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We also provide data-driven, cloud-based marketing solutions to broker-dealers, financial advisors, insurers and other firms with large distributed salesforces. Our marketing operations and automation platform enables firms to manage marketing activities efficiently across field offices and branch locations using consistent standards. The platform provides unique data and analytical capabilities designed to increase marketing and sales effectiveness.
Mutual Fund and Retirement Solutions. We provide a full range of tools that enable mutual funds to communicate with large audiences of investors efficiently, reliably, and often with substantial cost savings. Our solutions allow mutual funds to centralize all investor communications through one resource. We also provide printing and mailing of regulatory reports, prospectuses and proxy materials, as well as proxy solicitation services. In addition, we distribute marketing communications and informational materials and create on-demand enrollment materials for mutual fund investors and retirement plan providers. Our position in the industry enables us to manage the entire communications process with both registered and beneficial stockholders. Our Data Aggregation and Analysis platform provides comprehensive data gathering and data management solutions. Our software is delivered as a service and assists mutual funds and investment managers in processing commission and distribution payments, calculating fee revenue, monitoring their compliance with regulatory requirements, and assembling shareholder and intermediary data in a form to better drive their sales strategy and marketing programs. Our financial accounting solution provides private and public asset managers with software tools to effectively manage their revenue and expenses.
In fiscal year 2015, we expanded our suite of enterprise data and analytics solutions for mutual fund manufacturers, ETF issuers, and fund administrators, and added new global data and research capabilities with the acquisition of the FSCI business from Thomson Reuters’ Lipper division, now known as Broadridge Fund Information Services.
In addition, we provide mutual fund processing services for third party administrators, financial advisors, banks and wealth management professionals through our subsidiary, Matrix. Our back-office, trust, custody, trading and mutual fund and ETF settlement services are integrated into our product suite, thereby strengthening our role as a provider of data processing and distribution channel solutions to the mutual fund industry. In fiscal year 2015, we expanded the Matrix retirement solutions offering through the acquisition of the trade processing business of M&T Bank Corporation’s WTRIS unit.
We expanded our offerings to provide asset managers with investment accounting solutions in fiscal year 2016 with the acquisition of QED. QED complements the front- and back-office solutions that we provide to the global asset management community including; portfolio management, data and analytics, revenue and expense management, trade processing and shareholder communication solutions.
Global Technology and Operations
Transactions involving securities and other financial market instruments originate with an investor, who places an order with a broker who in turn routes that order to an appropriate market for execution. At that point, the parties to the transaction coordinate payment and settlement of the transaction through a clearinghouse. The records of the parties involved must then be updated to reflect completion of the transaction. Tax, custody, accounting and record-keeping requirements must be complied with in connection with the transaction and the customer’s account information must correctly reflect the transaction. The accurate processing of trading activity and custody activity requires effective automation and information flow across multiple systems and functions within the brokerage firm and across the systems of the various parties that participate in the execution of a transaction.
Our Global Technology and Operations business provides services that automate the transaction lifecycle of equity, mutual fund, fixed income, and option securities trading operations, from order capture and execution through trade confirmation, settlement, custody and accounting. Our services facilitate the automation of straight-through-processing operations and enable financial institutions and investment managers to efficiently and cost-effectively consolidate their books and records, gather and service assets under management, focus on their core businesses, and manage risk. With our multi-currency capabilities, we support trading activities on a global basis.

Our Broadridge Investment Management Solutions business provides buy-side technology solutions for the global investment management industry. Broadridge Investment Management Solutions provides front-, middle-, and back-office solutions such as order management, data warehousing, reporting, reference data management, risk management and portfolio accounting to hedge funds, family offices, investment managers and the providers that service this space (prime brokers, hedge fund administrators and custodians). The client base for these services includes start-up or emerging managers through some of the largest global hedge fund complexes and global administrators. We have integrated our business process outsourcing expertise with Broadridge Investment Management Solutions to offer a set of managed services to the buy-side of the industry. The Broadridge Investment Management Solutions business has enhanced the asset classes we service and expanded our global footprint and market coverage.

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In fiscal year 2015, we acquired TwoFour Systems, now known as Broadridge FX and Liquidity Solutions, a provider of real-time foreign exchange solutions for banks and broker-dealers, to address the rising demand for advanced foreign exchange and cash management technology among financial institutions.

In fiscal year 2016, we acquired 4sight Financial, a global provider of securities financing and collateral management systems to financial institutions. 4sight Financial is part of our Broadridge Securities Financing and Collateral Management solutions, helping our clients optimize financing decisions across different asset categories, automate the securities financing lifecycle and control risk. 

In fiscal year 2017, we acquired M&O, now known as Broadridge Advisor Compensation Solutions, a provider of SaaS-based compensation management and related solutions for broker-dealers and registered investment advisors, and MAL, a provider of post-trade governance, risk and compliance control solutions for sell-side and buy-side firms.
The Global Technology and Operations segment’s revenues represented approximately 19%, 25%, and 26% of our total Revenues in fiscal years 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively. These services include the following:
North American Securities Processing Solutions. We provide a set of sophisticated, multi-currency systems that support real-time processing of securities transactions in North American equities, options, fixed income securities, and mutual funds. Brokerage Processing Services (“BPS”) is our core multi-currency back-office processing system that supports real-time processing of primarily equity and option transactions in the U.S. markets. BPS handles everything from order management to clearance, settlement and custody, and assists our clients in meeting their regulatory reporting and other back-office requirements. BPS is provided on a SaaS basis. We also offer a version of BPS for processing Canadian securities. In addition to our BPS offering, we provide specialized transaction processing tools and services for small to mid-market financial firms in Canada.
We also provide the most comprehensive fixed income transaction processing capabilities to support clearance, settlement, custody, P&L reporting and regulatory reporting for domestic and foreign fixed income instruments. Our solution includes extensive support for mortgage-backed securities and other structured products. It is a multi-currency, multi-entity solution that provides real-time position and balance information, in addition to detailed accounting, financing, collateral management, and repurchase agreement (repo) functionality. The solution offers real-time straight through processing capabilities, enterprise-wide integration and a robust technology infrastructure-all focused on supporting firms specializing in the fixed-income marketplace. These transaction processing services are complemented with front- and middle-office solutions for wealth management tools, reconciliations, securities lending, reference data management, and enterprise workflow management.
International Securities Processing Solutions. We provide advanced real-time, multi-currency post-trade processing solutions to support the processing of a broad range of equity, fixed income, foreign exchange and exchange traded derivative securities for global financial institutions. We primarily offer these services on a SaaS basis and support clearance and settlement activities in over 80 countries with direct connectivity solutions in the major markets. These transaction processing services are complemented by our middle-office solutions for reconciliations, securities lending, reference data management and enterprise workflow management. Our solutions can be deployed as a complete post-trade service as well as components within the architecture of financial institutions.
In 2013, we entered a strategic alliance with Accenture plc (“Accenture”) and launched Accenture Post-Trade Processing, combining Accenture’s global business process outsourcing capabilities and global capital markets industry expertise with Broadridge’s leading post-trade securities processing technology. The solution provides post-trade processing and technology services to support settlement, books and records, asset servicing, operational management and control, real-time data access and administrative accounting. It is designed to help banks operating in Europe and the Asia Pacific region reduce post-trade processing costs, adapt to new regulations and technology, and quickly and efficiently launch new products and enter new markets.
Managed Services Solution. We also provide business process outsourcing services known as our Managed Services solution. These services support the operations of our clients’ businesses including their securities clearing, record-keeping, and custody-related functions. Our clients execute and clear their securities transactions and engage us to perform a number of related administrative back-office functions, such as record-keeping and reconciliations. In this capacity, we are not the broker-dealer of record.
Broadridge’s Integrated Solutions
Our core systems for processing equity, option, and mutual fund transactions in the U.S. markets can also be combined with our specialized systems for processing fixed income and international securities transactions. These specialized securities

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processing services can be fully integrated with our Managed Services solution. In addition, our clients can integrate our securities processing and Managed Services solution with our other services including: (i) the processing of trade confirmations and account statements, delivered in paper or digitally; (ii) equity and mutual fund prospectus processing; (iii) data archival and reporting solutions; (iv) automated workflow tools that help our clients streamline their securities processing and operations activities; and (v) a full suite of wealth management products including data aggregation tools, end-customer websites, broker desktop, financial planning and modeling tools, performance reporting and portfolio accounting.
Clients
We serve a large and diverse client base across four client groups: capital markets, asset management, wealth management and corporations. Our clients in the financial services industry include retail and institutional brokerage firms, global banks, mutual funds, asset managers, insurance companies, annuity companies, institutional investors, specialty trading firms, clearing firms, third party administrators, hedge funds, and financial advisors. Our corporate clients are typically publicly held companies. In addition to financial services firms, our customer communications business services other corporate clients in the healthcare, insurance, consumer finance, telecommunications, utilities, retail and other service industries with their essential communications.
In fiscal year 2017, we:
processed approximately 80% of the outstanding shares in the U.S. in the performance of our proxy services;
processed over 5 billion investor and customer communications through print and digital channels;
processed on average over $5 trillion in equity and fixed income trades per day of U.S. and Canadian securities; and
provided fixed income trade processing services to 18 of the 23 primary dealers of fixed income securities in the U.S.
In fiscal year 2017, we derived approximately 20% of our consolidated revenues from five clients. Our largest single client accounted for approximately 6% of our consolidated revenues.
Competition
We operate in a highly competitive industry. Our Investor Communication Solutions business competes with companies that provide investor communication and corporate governance solutions including transfer agents who handle communication services to registered (non-beneficial) securities holders, proxy advisory firms, proxy solicitation firms and other proxy services providers. We also face competition from numerous firms in the compiling, printing and distribution of transaction confirmations, account statements and other customer communications. Our Global Technology and Operations business principally competes with brokerage firms that perform their trade processing in-house, and with numerous other outsourcing vendors. Our back-office support services offered through this segment also compete with very large financial institutions that manage their own back-office record-keeping operations. In many cases, clients engage us only to perform certain functions, such as back-office processing, and do not outsource their other functions such as clearing operations support that we would also perform for them.
Technology
We have several information processing systems which serve as the core foundation of our technology platform. We leverage these systems in order to provide our services. We are committed to maintaining extremely high levels of quality service through our skilled technical employees and the use of our technology within an environment that seeks continual improvement.
Our mission-critical applications are designed to provide high levels of availability, scalability, reliability, and flexibility. They operate on industry standard enterprise architecture platforms that provide high degrees of horizontal and vertical scaling. This scalability and redundancy allows us to provide high degrees of system availability. In March 2010, we entered into an Information Technology Services Agreement (the “IT Services Agreement”) with International Business Machines Corporation (“IBM”), under which IBM performs a broad range of technology services including supporting our mainframe, midrange, open systems, network and data center operations, as well as providing disaster recovery services.
In March 2014, the Company and IBM United Kingdom Limited (“IBM UK”) entered into an Information Technology Services Agreement (the “EU IT Services Agreement”), under which IBM UK provides data center services supporting the Company’s technology outsourcing services for certain clients in Europe and Asia.

Most of our systems and applications process in Tier III+ and Tier IV data centers. Tier III+ and Tier IV data centers employ multiple active power and cooling distribution paths, redundant components, and are capable of providing 99.995%

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availability. Tier III+ and Tier IV data centers provide infrastructure capacity and capability to permit any planned activity without disruption to the critical load, and can sustain at least one worst-case, unplanned failure or event with no critical load impact. Our geographically dispersed processing centers also provide disaster recovery and business continuity processing.

Product Development. Our products and services are designed with reliability, availability, scalability, and flexibility so that we can fully meet our clients’ processing needs. These applications are built in a manner which allows us to meet the breadth and depth of requirements of our financial services industry clients in a highly efficient manner. We continually upgrade, enhance, and expand our existing products and services taking into account input from clients, industry-wide initiatives and regulatory changes affecting our clients.

Intellectual Property. We own a portfolio of more than 110 U.S. and non-U.S. patent and patent applications. We also own registered marks for our trade name and own or have applied for trademark registrations for many of our services and products. We regard our products and services as proprietary and utilize internal security practices and confidentiality restrictions in contracts with employees, clients, and others for protection. We believe that we are the owner or in some cases, the licensee, of all intellectual property and other proprietary rights necessary to conduct our business.

Cybersecurity

Our information security program is designed to meet the needs of our clients who entrust us with their sensitive information. Our program includes encryption, data masking technology, data loss prevention technology, authentication technology, entitlement management, access control, anti-malware software, and transmission of data over private networks, among other systems and procedures designed to protect against unauthorized access to information, including by cyber-attacks. In addition, we conduct regular security awareness training as well as testing for our employees.

To further demonstrate our commitment to maintaining the highest levels of quality service, information security, and client satisfaction within an environment that fosters continual improvement, most of our business units and our core applications and facilities for the provision of many services including our proxy services, U.S. equity and fixed income securities processing services, and IBM’s data centers, are International Organization for Standardization (“ISO”) 27001 certified. This security standard specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining and improving a documented Information Security Management System within the context of the organization’s overall business risks. It specifies the requirements for the implementation of security controls customized to the needs of individual organizations. This standard addresses confidentiality, access control, vulnerability, business continuity, and risk assessment.

Additionally, Broadridge is utilizing the National Institute of Standards and Technology Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (the “NIST Framework”) issued by the U.S. government in 2014, as a guideline to manage our cybersecurity-related risk. The NIST Framework outlines 98 information security measures over five functions - Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond and Recover. Also, our operations facilities are ISO 9001:2000 certified.
Regulation
The securities and financial services industries are subject to extensive regulation in the U.S. and in other jurisdictions. As a matter of public policy, regulatory bodies in the U.S. and the rest of the world are charged with safeguarding the integrity of the securities and other financial markets and with protecting the interests of investors participating in those markets. Due to the nature of our services and the markets we serve, these regulatory bodies impact our businesses in the following various manners.
In the U.S., the securities and financial services industries are subject to regulation under both federal and state laws. At the federal level, the SEC regulates the securities industry, along with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”), the various stock exchanges, and other SROs. The Department of Labor (“DOL”) regulates retirement plans. Our Investor Communication Solutions and Global Technology and Operations businesses are generally not directly subject to laws and regulations that are specifically applicable to financial institutions. However, as a provider of services to financial institutions and issuers of securities, our services, such as our proxy distribution and processing services, are provided in a manner to assist our clients in complying with the laws and regulations to which they are subject. As a result, the services we provide may change as applicable laws and regulations are adopted or revised. We monitor legislative and rulemaking activity by the SEC, FINRA, DOL, the stock exchanges and other regulatory bodies that may impact our services, and if new laws or regulations are adopted or changes are made to existing laws or regulations applicable to our services, we expect to adapt our business practices and service offerings to continue to assist our clients in fulfilling their obligations under new or modified requirements.

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Certain aspects of our U.S. operations are subject to regulatory oversight and examination by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (“FFIEC”), an interagency body of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the National Credit Union Administration and various state regulatory authorities, under its regulatory authority to examine financial institutions’ technology service providers. Periodic examinations by the FFIEC generally include areas such as data privacy, disaster recovery, information security, and third party vendor management to identify potential risks related to our services that could adversely affect our banking and financial services clients.
Our business process outsourcing and mutual fund processing services are performed by a broker-dealer, Broadridge Business Process Outsourcing, LLC (“BBPO”). BBPO is registered with the SEC, is a member of FINRA and is required to participate in the Securities Investor Protection Corporation (“SIPC”). Although BBPO’s FINRA membership agreement allows it to engage in clearing, and the retailing of corporate securities in addition to mutual fund retailing on a wire order basis, BBPO does not clear customer transactions, process any retail business or carry customer accounts. BBPO is subject to regulations concerning many aspects of its business, including trade practices, capital requirements, record retention, money laundering prevention, the protection of customer funds and customer securities, and the supervision of the conduct of directors, officers and employees. A failure to comply with any of these laws, rules or regulations could result in censure, fine, the issuance of cease-and-desist orders, or the suspension or revocation of SEC or FINRA authorization granted to allow the operation of its business or disqualification of its directors, officers or employees. Recently, there has been increased regulatory scrutiny of the securities industry including the outsourcing by firms of their operations or functions. This oversight could result in the future enactment of more restrictive laws or rules with respect to business process outsourcing. As a registered broker-dealer and member of FINRA, BBPO is subject to the Uniform Net Capital Rule 15c3-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Rule 15c3-1”), which requires BBPO to maintain a minimum net capital amount. At June 30, 2017, BBPO was in compliance with this capital requirement.
BBPO, as a “Managing Clearing Member” of the Options Clearing Corporation (the “OCC”), is also subject to OCC Rule 309(b) with respect to the business process outsourcing services that it provides to other OCC “Managed Clearing Member” broker-dealers. OCC Rule 309(b) requires that BBPO maintain a minimum net capital amount. At June 30, 2017, BBPO was in compliance with this capital requirement.
In addition, Matrix Trust Company, a subsidiary of Matrix (“Matrix Trust Company”), is a Colorado State non-depository trust company and National Securities Clearing Corporation trust member, whose primary business is to provide cash agent, custodial and directed or non-discretionary trust services to institutional customers. As a result, Matrix Trust Company is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the Colorado Division of Banking and the Arizona Department of Financial Institutions, as well as the National Securities Clearing Corporation. Specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of assets, liabilities, and certain off-balance sheet items, when applicable, must be met. At June 30, 2017, Matrix Trust Company was in compliance with its capital requirements.

Our transfer agency business, Broadridge Corporate Issuer Solutions, is subject to certain SEC rules and regulations, including annual reporting, examination, internal controls, proper security and disposal of shareholder information and obligations relating to its operations. Our transfer agency business has been formally approved by the NYSE to act as a transfer agent or registrar for issuers of NYSE listed securities and as a result, it is subject to certain NYSE requirements concerning operational standards. Furthermore, it is also subject to U.S. Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) regulations, as well as certain provisions of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act and the Federal Trade Commission’s regulations with respect to maintenance of information security safeguards. In addition, state laws govern certain services performed by our transfer agency business.

Privacy and Information Security Regulations

The processing and transfer of personal information is required to provide certain of our services. Data privacy laws and regulations in the U.S. and foreign countries apply to the access, collection, transfer, use, storage, and destruction of personal information. In the U.S., our financial institution clients are required to comply with privacy regulations imposed under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, in addition to other regulations. As a processor of personal information in our role as a provider of services to financial institutions, we are required to comply with privacy regulations and are bound by similar limitations on disclosure of the information received from our clients as apply to the financial institutions themselves. We also perform services for healthcare companies and are, therefore, subject to compliance with laws and regulations regarding healthcare information, including in the U.S., the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”). We also perform credit-related services and agree to comply with payment card standards, including the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (“PCIDSS”). In addition, federal and state privacy and information security laws, and consumer protection laws, which apply to businesses that collect or process personal information, also apply to our businesses.

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Privacy laws and regulations may require notification to affected individuals, federal and state regulators, and consumer reporting agencies in the event of a security breach that results in unauthorized access to, or disclosure of, certain personal information. Privacy laws outside the U.S. may be more restrictive and may require different compliance requirements than U.S. laws and regulations, and may impose additional duties on us in the performance of our services.

There has been increased public attention regarding the use of personal information and data transfer, accompanied by legislation and regulations intended to strengthen data protection, information security and consumer and personal privacy. The law in these areas continues to develop and the changing nature of privacy laws in the U.S., the European Union and elsewhere could impact our processing of personal information of our employees and on behalf of our clients. The European Union adopted a comprehensive general data privacy regulation (the “GDPR”) in May 2016 that will replace the current EU Data Protection Directive and related country-specific legislation. The GDPR will become fully effective in May 2018. We are analyzing the GDPR to determine its potential effects on our business practices, and are awaiting additional anticipated guidance from European Union regulators. While we believe that Broadridge is compliant with its regulatory responsibilities, information security threats continue to evolve resulting in increased risk and exposure. In addition, legislation, regulation, litigation, court rulings, or other events could expose Broadridge to increased costs, liability, and possible damage to our reputation.

Seasonality

Processing and distributing proxy materials and annual reports to investors in equity securities and mutual funds comprises a large portion of our Investor Communication Solutions business. We process and distribute the greatest number of proxy materials and annual reports during our fourth fiscal quarter (the second quarter of the calendar year). The recurring periodic activity of this business is linked to significant filing deadlines imposed by law on public reporting companies and mutual funds. Historically, this has caused our revenues, operating income, net earnings, and cash flows from operating activities to be higher in our fourth fiscal quarter than in any other quarter. The seasonality of our revenues makes it difficult to estimate future operating results based on the results of any specific fiscal quarter and could affect an investor’s ability to compare our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows on a fiscal quarter-by-quarter basis.

Employees
At June 30, 2017, we had over 10,000 employees. None of our employees are subject to collective bargaining agreements governing their employment with our company. We believe that our employee relations are good.
Segment and Geographic Area Financial Information
You can find financial information regarding our reportable segments and our geographic areas in Note 18, “Financial Data By Segment” to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Available Information
Our headquarters are located at 5 Dakota Drive, Lake Success, New York 11042, and our telephone number is (516) 472-5400.
We maintain an Investor Relations website on the Internet at www.broadridge-ir.com. We make available free of charge, on or through this website, our annual, quarterly and current reports, and any amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable following the time they are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. To access these reports, just click on the “SEC Filings” link found at the top of our Investor Relations page. You can also access our Investor Relations page through our main website at www.broadridge.com by clicking on the “Investor Relations” link, which is located at the top of our homepage. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K or any other report filed with or furnished to the SEC.
ITEM 1A.
Risk Factors
You should carefully consider each of the following risks and all of the other information set forth in this Annual Report on Form 10-K or incorporated by reference herein. Based on the information currently known to us, we believe that the following information identifies the material risk factors affecting our company. However, additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also adversely affect our business.

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If any of the following risks and uncertainties develop into actual events, they could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.
Consolidation in the financial services industry could adversely affect our revenues by eliminating some of our existing and potential clients and could make us increasingly dependent on a more limited number of clients.

Mergers or consolidations of financial institutions could reduce the number of our clients and potential clients. If our clients merge with or are acquired by other firms that are not our clients, or firms that use fewer of our services, they may discontinue or reduce the use of our services. In addition, it is possible that the larger financial institutions resulting from mergers or consolidations could decide to perform in-house some or all of the services that we currently provide or could provide. Any of these developments could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

A large percentage of our revenues are derived from a small number of clients in the financial services industry.

In fiscal year 2017, we derived approximately 20% of our consolidated revenues from our five largest clients and approximately 58% of the revenues of our Global Technology and Operations segment from the 15 largest clients in that segment. Our largest single client accounted for approximately 6% of our consolidated revenues. While these clients generally work with multiple business segments, the loss of business from any of these clients due to merger or consolidation, financial difficulties or bankruptcy, or the termination or non-renewal of contracts would have a material adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations. Also, in the event a client experiences financial difficulties or bankruptcy resulting in a reduction in their demand for our services or loss of the client’s business, in addition to losing the revenue from that client, the Company would be required to write-off any investments made by the Company in connection with that client, including costs incurred to set up or convert a client’s systems to function with our technology. Such costs for all clients represented approximately 5% of the Company’s total assets as of June 30, 2017.

Under a number of our contracts, our clients have the opportunity to renegotiate their contracts with us and to consider whether to renew their contracts or engage one of our competitors to provide services. If we are not successful in achieving high renewal rates with favorable terms, particularly with these clients, our revenues from such renewals and the associated earnings could be negatively impacted.

Security breaches or cybersecurity attacks could adversely affect our ability to operate, could result in personal information being misappropriated, and may cause us to be held liable or suffer harm to our reputation.

We process and transfer personal information provided to us by our clients, which include financial institutions, public companies, mutual funds, and healthcare providers. We also handle personal information of our employees in connection with their employment. We maintain systems and procedures including encryption, authentication technology, data loss prevention technology, entitlement management, access control and anti-malware software, and transmission of data over private networks to protect against unauthorized access to physical and electronic information, including by cyber-attacks.

In certain circumstances, third party vendors such as our data center services provider may have access to personal information. It is also possible that a third party vendor could intentionally or inadvertently disclose personal information, and we require our third party vendors to have appropriate security controls if they have access to the personal information of our clients’ customers. However, despite those safeguards, it is possible that unauthorized individuals could improperly access our systems or those of our vendors, or improperly obtain or disclose the personal information that we or our vendors process or handle.

Many of our services are provided through the Internet which increases our exposure to potential cybersecurity attacks. We have experienced cybersecurity threats to our information technology infrastructure and have experienced cyber-attacks, attempts to breach our systems and other similar incidents. Such prior events have not had a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. However, future threats could cause harm to our business and our reputation and challenge our ability to provide reliable service, as well as negatively impact our results of operations materially. Our insurance coverage may not be adequate to cover all the costs related to cybersecurity attacks or disruptions resulting from such events.

Any security breach resulting in the unauthorized use or disclosure of certain personal information could put individuals at risk of identity theft and financial or other harm and result in costs to the Company in investigation, remediation, legal defense and in liability to parties who are financially harmed. We may incur significant costs to protect against the threat of information security breaches or to respond to or alleviate problems caused by such breaches. For example, laws may require notification to regulators, clients or employees and enlisting credit monitoring or identity theft protection in the event of a privacy breach. A cybersecurity attack could also be directed at our systems and result in interruptions in our operations or delivery of services to

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our clients and their customers. Furthermore, a material security breach could cause us to lose revenues, lose clients or cause damage to our reputation.

Changes in laws or regulations to which our clients are subject could adversely affect our ability to conduct our business or may reduce our profitability.

We provide technology solutions to financial services firms that are generally subject to extensive regulation in the U.S. and in other jurisdictions. As a provider of services to financial institutions and issuers of securities, our services are provided in a manner designed to assist our clients in complying with the laws and regulations to which they are subject. Therefore, our services, including our proxy processing and customer communications services, are particularly sensitive to changes in laws and regulations governing the financial services industry and the securities markets. In addition, we perform services for clients in the healthcare, insurance and telecommunications industries, which are also highly regulated.

Changes in laws and regulations may impact our clients in a way that could adversely affect us. For example, new regulations governing our clients could result in significant expenditures that could cause them to reduce their use of our services, seek to renegotiate existing agreements, or cease or curtail their operations, all of which could adversely impact our business. Also, changes in regulations could change the quantity or format of, or eliminate the need for, certain types of communications. Further, an adverse regulatory action that changes a client’s business or adversely affects its financial condition, could decrease their ability to purchase, or their demand for, our products and services. The loss of business from our larger clients could have a material adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations.
Changes in laws or regulations to which we are subject may adversely affect our ability to conduct our business or may reduce our profitability.
The legislative and regulatory environment of the financial services industry is continuously changing. The SEC, FINRA, various stock exchanges, and other U.S. and foreign governmental or regulatory authorities continuously review legislative and regulatory initiatives and may adopt new or revised laws and regulations. These legislative and regulatory initiatives may adversely affect the way in which we conduct our business and may make our business less profitable. Also, changes in the interpretation or enforcement of existing laws and regulations by those entities may adversely affect our business.
As a provider of technology services to financial institutions, certain aspects of our U.S. operations are subject to regulatory oversight and examination by the FFIEC. Periodic examinations by the FFIEC generally include areas such as data privacy, disaster recovery, information security, and third party vendor management to identify potential risks related to our services that could adversely affect our banking and financial services clients. A sufficiently unfavorable review from the FFIEC could have a material adverse effect on our business.
In addition, our business process outsourcing, mutual fund processing and transfer agency solutions as well as the entities providing those services are subject to regulatory oversight. Our provision of these services must comply with applicable rules and regulations of the SEC, FINRA, DOL and various stock exchanges, and other regulatory bodies charged with safeguarding the integrity of the securities markets and other financial markets and protecting the interests of investors participating in these markets. If we fail to comply with any applicable regulations in performing those services, we could lose our clients, be subject to suits for breach of contract or to governmental proceedings, censures and fines, our reputation could be harmed and we could be limited in our ability to obtain new clients.
Our business process outsourcing and mutual fund processing services are performed by BBPO, an SEC registered broker-dealer and a member of FINRA. BBPO is subject to regulations concerning many aspects of its business, including trade practices, capital requirements, record retention, money laundering prevention, the protection of customer funds and customer securities, and the supervision of the conduct of directors, officers and employees. A failure to comply with any of these laws, rules or regulations could result in censures, fines, the issuance of cease-and-desist orders, or the suspension or revocation of SEC or FINRA authorization granted to allow the operation of its business or disqualification of its directors, officers or employees. Our transfer agency business is subject to SEC, NYSE, and other federal and state laws and regulations.
Our ability to comply with these regulations depends largely upon the maintenance of an effective compliance system which can be time consuming and costly, as well as our ability to attract and retain qualified compliance personnel.
As a provider of data and business processing solutions, our systems contain a significant amount of sensitive data, including personal information, related to our clients, customers of our clients, and our employees. We are, therefore, subject to compliance obligations under federal, state and foreign privacy and information security laws, including in the U.S., the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. There has been increased public attention regarding the use of personal information, accompanied by legislation and regulations intended to strengthen data

17


protection, information security and consumer and personal privacy. The law in these areas continues to develop, the number of jurisdictions adopting such laws continues to increase and these laws may be inconsistent from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Furthermore, the changing nature of privacy laws in the U.S., the European Union and elsewhere could impact our processing of personal information of our employees and on behalf of our clients. While we believe that Broadridge is compliant with its regulatory responsibilities, information security threats continue to evolve resulting in increased risk and exposure and increased costs to protect against the threat of information security breaches or to respond to or alleviate problems caused by such breaches.
Our revenues may decrease due to declines in the levels of participation and activity in the securities markets.
We generate significant revenues from the transaction processing fees we earn from our services. These revenue sources are substantially dependent on the levels of participation and activity in the securities markets. The number of unique securities positions held by investors through our clients and our clients’ customer trading volumes reflect the levels of participation and activity in the markets, which are impacted by market prices, and the liquidity of the securities markets, among other factors. Over the past several years, the U.S. and foreign securities markets have experienced significant volatility. Sudden sharp or gradual but sustained declines in market participation and activity can result in reduced investor communications activity, including reduced proxy and event-driven communications processing such as mutual fund proxy, mergers and acquisitions and other special corporate event communications processing, and reduced trading volumes. The occurrence of any of these events would likely result in reduced revenues and decreased profitability from our business operations.
We purchase a significant portion of our data center services, including disaster recovery capabilities, from a third party data center services provider, and if our data center services provider fails to adequately perform the data center services in the manner necessary to meet our clients’ requirements, our business, financial condition, and results of operations may be harmed.
IBM provides us with data center services that include supporting our mainframe, midrange, open systems, network and data center operations, as well as disaster recovery services. As a result, we currently purchase a significant portion of our data center services, including disaster recovery capabilities, from IBM. If IBM fails to adequately perform the data center services in the manner necessary to meet our clients’ requirements, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be harmed.
 In the event of a disaster, our disaster recovery and business continuity plans may fail, which could result in the loss of client data and adversely interrupt operations.
Our operations are dependent on our ability to protect our infrastructure against damage from catastrophe, natural disaster, or severe weather including events resulting from unauthorized security breach, power loss, telecommunications failure, terrorist attack, or other events that could have a significant disruptive effect on our operations. We have disaster recovery and business continuity plans in place in the event of system failure due to any of these events and we test our plans regularly. In addition, our data center services provider also has disaster recovery plans and procedures in place. However, we cannot be certain that our plans, or those of our data center services provider, will be successful in the event of a disaster. If our disaster recovery or business continuity plans are unsuccessful in a disaster recovery scenario, we could potentially lose client data or experience material adverse interruptions to our operations or delivery of services to our clients, and we could be liable to parties who are financially harmed by those failures. In addition, such failures could cause us to lose revenues, lose clients or damage our reputation.
Any slowdown or failure of our computer or communications systems or those of our data center services provider could impact our ability to provide services to our clients and support our internal operations and could subject us to liability for losses suffered by our clients or their customers.
Our services depend on our ability to store, retrieve, process, and manage significant databases, and to receive and process transactions and investor communications through a variety of electronic systems such as the Internet. Our systems, those of our data center services provider, or any other systems with which ours interact could slow down significantly or fail for a variety of reasons, including:
computer viruses or undetected errors in internal software programs or computer systems;
direct or indirect hacking or denial of service cybersecurity attacks;
inability to rapidly monitor all system activity;
inability to effectively resolve any errors in internal software programs or computer systems once they are detected;
heavy stress placed on systems during peak times; or

18


power or telecommunications failure, fire, flood or any other disaster.
While we monitor system loads and performance and implement system upgrades to handle predicted increases in trading volume and volatility, we may not be able to predict future volume increases or volatility accurately or that our systems and those of our data center services provider will be able to accommodate these volume increases or volatility without failure or degradation. In addition, we may not be able to prevent cybersecurity attacks on our systems. Moreover, because we have outsourced our data center operations, the operation and performance of the data center involve factors beyond our control. Any significant degradation or failure of our computer systems, communications systems or any other systems in the performance of our services could cause our clients or their customers to suffer delays in their receipt of our services. These delays could cause substantial losses for our clients or their customers, and we could be liable to parties who are financially harmed by those failures. In addition, such failures could cause us to lose revenues, lose clients or damage our reputation.
Operational errors in the performance of our services could lead to liability for claims, client loss and result in reputational damage.
The failure to properly perform our services could result in our clients and/or certain of our subsidiaries being subjected to losses including censures, fines, or other sanctions by applicable regulatory authorities, and we could be liable to parties who are financially harmed by those errors. In addition, such errors could cause us to lose revenues, lose clients or damage our reputation.
General economic and political conditions and broad trends in business and finance that are beyond our control may contribute to reduced levels of activity in the securities markets, which could result in lower revenues from our business operations.
The number of unique securities positions held by investors through our clients, the level of investor communications activity we process on behalf of our clients, trading volumes, market prices, and liquidity of the securities markets are affected by general national and international economic and political conditions, and broad trends in business and finance that result in changes in participation and activity in the securities markets. These factors include:
economic, political and market conditions;
legislative and regulatory changes;
the availability of short-term and long-term funding and capital;
the level and volatility of interest rates;
currency values and inflation; and
national, state, and local taxation levels affecting securities transactions.

These factors are beyond our control and may contribute to reduced levels of participation and activity in the securities markets. Our revenues have historically been largely driven by transaction processing based on levels of participation and activity in the securities markets. Accordingly, any significant reduction in participation and activity in the securities markets would likely result in lower revenues from our business operations.

If the operational systems and infrastructure that we depend on fail to keep pace with our growth, we may experience operating inefficiencies, client dissatisfaction and lost revenue opportunities.

The growth of our business and expansion of our client base may place a strain on our management and operations. We believe that our current and anticipated future growth will require the implementation of new and enhanced communications and information systems, the training of personnel to operate these systems, and the expansion and upgrade of core technologies. While many of our systems are designed to accommodate additional growth without redesign or replacement, we may nevertheless need to make significant investments in additional hardware and software to accommodate growth. In addition, we cannot assure you that we will be able to predict the timing or rate of this growth accurately or expand and upgrade our systems and infrastructure on a timely basis.

Our growth has required and will continue to require increased investments in management personnel and systems, financial systems and controls, and office facilities. We cannot assure you that we will be able to manage or continue to manage our future growth successfully. If we fail to manage our growth, we may experience operating inefficiencies, dissatisfaction among our client base, and lost revenue opportunities.


19


If we are unable to respond to the demands of our existing and new clients, our ability to reach our revenue goals or maintain our profitability could be diminished.

The global financial services industry is characterized by increasingly complex and integrated infrastructures and products, new and changing business models and rapid technological and regulatory changes. Our clients’ needs and demands for our products and services evolve with these changes. Our future success will depend, in part, on our ability to respond to our clients’ demands for new services, capabilities and technologies on a timely and cost-effective basis, to adapt to technological advancements and changing regulatory standards, and to address our clients’ increasingly sophisticated requirements.

Intense competition could negatively affect our ability to maintain or increase our market share and profitability.

The markets for our products and services continue to evolve and are highly competitive. We compete with a number of firms that provide similar products and services. In addition, our securities processing solutions compete with our clients’ in-house capabilities to perform competitive functions. Our competitors may be able to respond more quickly to new or changing opportunities, technologies, and client requirements and may be able to undertake more extensive promotional activities, offer more attractive terms to clients and adopt more aggressive pricing policies than we will be able to offer or adopt. In addition, we expect that the markets in which we compete will continue to attract new competitors and new technologies, including international providers of similar products and services to ours. There can be no assurances that we will be able to compete effectively with current or future competitors. If we fail to compete effectively, our market share could decrease and our business, financial condition, and results of operations could be materially harmed.

We rely on the United States Postal Service (“USPS”) and other third party carriers to deliver communications and changes in our relationships with these carriers or an increase in postal rates or shipping costs may adversely impact demand for our products and services and could have an adverse impact on our business and results of operations.

We rely upon the USPS and third party carriers, including FedEx and UPS, for timely delivery of communications on behalf of our clients. As a result, we are subject to carrier disruptions due to factors that are beyond our control, including employee strikes, inclement weather and increased fuel costs.  Any failure to deliver communications to our clients in a timely and accurate manner may damage our reputation and brand and could cause us to lose clients. In addition, the USPS has incurred significant financial losses in recent years and may, as a result, implement significant changes to the breadth or frequency of its mail delivery. If our relationship with any of these third party carriers is terminated or impaired, or if any of these third parties are unable to distribute communications, we would be required to use alternative, and possibly more expensive, carriers to complete our distributions on behalf of our clients. We may be unable to engage alternative carriers on a timely basis or on acceptable terms, if at all, which could have an adverse effect on our business. In addition, future increases in postal rates or shipping costs, as well as changes in customer preferences, may result in decreased demand for our traditional printed and mailed communications resulting in an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. 

Our business, financial position, and results of operations could be harmed by adverse rating actions by credit rating agencies.

If the credit ratings of our outstanding indebtedness are downgraded, or if rating agencies indicate that a downgrade may occur, our business, financial position, and results of operations could be adversely affected and perceptions of our financial strength could be damaged. A downgrade would have the effect of increasing our borrowing costs, and could decrease the availability of funds we are able to borrow, adversely affecting our business, financial position, and results of operations. In addition, a downgrade could adversely affect our relationships with our clients. For further information with respect to our borrowing costs, see Note 12, “Borrowings” to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

We may be unable to attract and retain key personnel.

Our continued success depends on our ability to attract and retain key personnel such as our senior management and other qualified personnel to conduct our business. The market for such experienced senior managers and other qualified personnel is extremely competitive. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in our efforts to recruit and retain the required key personnel. If we are unable to attract and retain qualified individuals or our recruiting and retention costs increase significantly, our operations and financial results could be materially adversely affected.


20


The inability to identify, obtain and retain important intellectual property rights to technology could harm our business.
Our success depends in part upon the development, licensing, and acquisition of systems and applications to conduct our business. Our success will increasingly depend in part on our ability to identify, obtain and retain intellectual property rights to technology, both for internal use as well as for use in providing services to our clients, through internal development, acquisition, licensing from others, or alliances with others. Our inability to identify, obtain and retain rights to certain technology on favorable terms and conditions would make it difficult to conduct business, or to timely introduce new and innovative products and services, which could harm our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
Our products and services, and the products and services provided to us by third parties, may infringe upon intellectual property rights of third parties, and any infringement claims could require us to incur substantial costs, distract our management, or prevent us from conducting our business.
Although we attempt to avoid infringing upon known proprietary rights of third parties, we are subject to the risk of claims alleging infringement of third party proprietary rights. If in response to a third party infringement allegation, we were to determine that we require a license to such third party’s proprietary rights, then we may be unable to obtain such license on commercially reasonable terms. Additionally, third parties that provide us with products or services that are integral to the conduct of our business may also be subject to similar infringement allegations from others, which could prevent such third parties from continuing to provide these products or services to us. In either of these events, we may need to undertake substantial reengineering of our products or services in order to continue offering them, and we may not succeed in doing so. In addition, any claim of infringement could cause us to incur substantial costs defending such claim, even if the claim is baseless, and could distract our management from our business. Furthermore, a party asserting such an infringement claim could secure a judgment against us that requires us to pay substantial damages, grants such party injunctive relief, or grants other court ordered remedies that could prevent us from conducting our business.
Acquisitions and integrating such acquisitions create certain risks and may affect operating results.
We frequently engage in, and expect to continue to engage in, business acquisitions. The acquisition and integration of businesses involve a number of risks. The core risks are in the areas of:
valuation: finding suitable businesses to acquire at affordable valuations or on other acceptable terms; competition for acquisitions from other potential acquirors, and negotiating a fair price for the business based on inherently limited due diligence reviews;
integration: managing the complex process of integrating the acquired company’s people, products, technology, and other assets, and converting their financial, information security, privacy and other systems and controls to meet our standards, so as to realize the projected value of the acquired company and the synergies projected to be realized in connection with the acquisition; and
legacy issues: protecting against actions, claims, regulatory investigations, losses, and other liabilities related to the predecessor business.
Also, the process of integrating these businesses may disrupt our business and divert our resources. These risks may arise for a number of reasons including, for example:
finding suitable businesses to acquire at affordable valuations or on other acceptable terms;
competition for acquisitions from other potential acquirors;
incurring unforeseen obligations or liabilities in connection with such acquisitions;
devoting unanticipated financial and management resources to an acquired business;
borrowing money from lenders or selling equity or debt securities to the public to finance future acquisitions on terms that may be adverse to us;
loss of clients of the acquired business;
entering markets where we have minimal prior experience; and
experiencing decreases in earnings as a result of non-cash impairment charges.
In addition, international acquisitions often involve additional or increased risks including, for example:
geographically separated organizations, systems, and facilities;
integrating personnel with diverse business backgrounds and organizational cultures;
complying with foreign regulatory requirements;

21


enforcing intellectual property rights in some foreign countries; and
general economic and political conditions.
We operate internationally and our operations could be adversely impacted by local legal, economic, political and other conditions.
A portion of our revenue is generated outside the U.S. and in recent years, we have expanded our operations, entered strategic alliances, and acquired businesses outside the U.S. Also, our business is highly dependent on the global financial services industry and exchanges and market centers around the world. Changes in the laws or policies of the countries in which we operate, or inadequate enforcement of laws or policies such as those protecting intellectual property, could affect our business and the company’s overall results of operations. Our operations also could be affected by economic and political changes in those countries, particularly in those with developing economies, and by macroeconomic changes, including recessions, inflation and currency fluctuations between the U.S. dollar and non-U.S. currencies. In addition, our operations and our ability to deliver our services to our clients could be adversely impacted if there is instability, disruption or destruction in certain geographic regions including as a result of natural or man-made disasters, wars, terrorist activities, or any widespread outbreak of an illness, pandemic or other local or global health issue.
Our mutual fund processing services may be exposed to risk from our counterparties and third parties.
In the normal course of business, our mutual fund and exchange traded fund processing services involve the settlement of transactions on behalf of our customers and third parties. With these activities, we may be exposed to risk in the event our clients, or other broker-dealers, banks, clearing organizations, or depositories are unable to fulfill contractual obligations.
Our revenues are subject to seasonal variations because we process and distribute the greatest number of proxy materials and annual reports in our fourth fiscal quarter.
Processing and distributing proxy materials and annual reports to investors in equity securities and mutual funds comprises a large portion of our Investor Communication Solutions business. We process and distribute the greatest number of proxy materials and annual reports during our fourth fiscal quarter. The recurring periodic activity of this business is linked to significant filing deadlines imposed by law on public reporting companies and mutual funds. Historically, this has caused our revenues, operating income, net earnings, and cash flows from operating activities to be higher in our fourth fiscal quarter than in any other fiscal quarter. The seasonality of our revenues makes it difficult to estimate future operating results based on the results of any specific fiscal quarter and could affect an investor’s ability to compare our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows on a fiscal quarter-by-quarter basis.
ITEM 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments.
None.
ITEM 2.
Properties    
We operate our business from 58 facilities. We own a 20,000 square foot facility in Mount Laurel, New Jersey, where we perform certain product development functions. We lease three facilities in Edgewood, New York, with a combined space of 643,065 square feet which are used in connection with our Investor Communication Solutions business. We lease space at 54 additional locations, subject to customary lease arrangements, including a facility in Lake Success, New York, that serves as our corporate headquarters. Our leases expire on a staggered basis. We believe our facilities are currently adequate for their intended purposes and are adequately maintained.
ITEM 3.
Legal Proceedings.
In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to claims and litigation. While the outcome of any claim or litigation is inherently unpredictable, the Company believes that the ultimate resolution of these matters will not, individually or in the aggregate, result in a material impact on its financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
ITEM 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.

22


PART II.
ITEM 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Our common stock began trading “regular way” on the NYSE under the symbol “BR” on April 2, 2007. There were 11,729 stockholders of record of the Company’s common stock as of July 31, 2017. This figure excludes the beneficial holders whose shares may be held of record by brokerage firms and clearing agencies. The following table presents the high and low closing prices of the Company’s common stock on the NYSE as well as the cash dividends per share of common stock declared during the fiscal quarters indicated:
Common Stock Market Price
High
 
Low
 
Dividends
Declared
Fiscal Year 2017
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
71.41

 
$
65.37

 
$
0.33

Second Quarter
67.92

 
60.56

 
0.33

Third Quarter
70.60

 
65.74

 
0.33

Fourth Quarter
77.65

 
66.66

 
0.33

Fiscal Year 2016
 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter
$
57.13

 
$
50.61

 
$
0.30

Second Quarter
59.90

 
52.57

 
0.30

Third Quarter
59.31

 
49.64

 
0.30

Fourth Quarter
65.36

 
58.52

 
0.30

Dividend Policy        
We expect to pay cash dividends on our common stock. On August 9, 2017, our Board of Directors increased our quarterly cash dividend by $0.035 per share to $0.365 per share, an increase in our expected annual dividend amount from $1.32 to $1.46 per share. However, the declaration and payment of future dividends to holders of our common stock will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors, and will depend upon many factors, including our financial condition, earnings, capital requirements of our businesses, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, industry practice, and other factors that the Board of Directors deems relevant.
As a holding company, substantially all our assets being comprised of the capital stock of our subsidiaries, our ability to pay dividends will be dependent on our receiving dividends from our operating subsidiaries. Our subsidiaries through which we provide our business process outsourcing and mutual fund processing services, are regulated and may be subject to restrictions on their ability to pay dividends to us. We do not believe that these restrictions are significant enough to impact the Company’s ability to pay dividends.
Performance Graph
The following graph compares the cumulative total return on Broadridge common stock from June 30, 2012 to June 30, 2017, with the comparable cumulative return of the: (i) S&P 500 Index, (ii) S&P 400 MidCap Index, and (iii) S&P 400 Information Technology Index. The graph assumes $100 was invested on June 30, 2012 in our common stock and in each of the indices and assumes that all cash dividends are reinvested. The table below the graph shows the dollar value of those investments as of the dates in the graph. The comparisons in the graph are required by the SEC and are not intended to forecast or be indicative of future performance of our common stock.
The following performance graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Exchange Act, each as amended, except to the extent that Broadridge specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.

23


Comparison of Five Year Cumulative Total Return Among Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., S&P 500 Index, S&P 400 MidCap Index and S&P 400 Information Technology Index (in dollars)
br-20170630_chartx06881.jpg
 
 
June 30, 2012
 
June 30, 2013
 
June 30, 2014
 
June 30, 2015
 
June 30, 2016
 
June 30, 2017
Broadridge Financial Solutions. Inc. Common Stock Value
 
$
100.00

 
$
128.68

 
$
206.28

 
$
253.49

 
$
337.62

 
$
398.79

S&P 500 Index Value
 
$
100.00

 
$
120.58

 
$
150.24

 
$
161.38

 
$
167.81

 
$
197.83

S&P 400 MidCap Index Value
 
$
100.00

 
$
125.10

 
$
156.63

 
$
166.62

 
$
168.83

 
$
200.16

S&P 400 Information Technology Index Value
 
$
100.00

 
$
113.61

 
$
141.62

 
$
157.37

 
$
152.53

 
$
201.09

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
The following table contains information about our purchases of our equity securities for each of the three months during our fourth fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2017:
Period
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
 
 
Average Price
Paid per Share
 
Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly  Announced Plans or Programs (2)
 
Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or Programs(2)
April 1, 2017 – April 30, 2017
310,517

(1) 
 
$
67.89

 

 
5,147,953

May 1, 2017 – May 31, 2017
831,250

 
 
73.40

 
831,250

 
4,316,703

June 1, 2017 – June 30, 2017
631,467

 
 
76.20

 
631,467

 
3,685,236

Total
1,773,234

 
 
$
73.43

 
1,462,717

 
 
(1)
Represents shares purchased from employees to pay taxes related to the vesting of restricted stock units.
(2)
During the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2017, the Company repurchased 1,462,717 shares of common stock at an average price per share of $74.61 under its share repurchase program. At June 30, 2017, there were 3,685,236 shares remaining available for repurchase under its share repurchase program. The share repurchases will be made in the open market or privately negotiated transactions in compliance with applicable legal requirements and other factors.


24


In addition, on August 2, 2017, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to an additional 6.3 million shares of Broadridge common stock. Any share repurchases will be made in the open market or privately negotiated transactions in compliance with applicable legal requirements and other factors. With this authorization, the Company currently has approximately 10.0 million shares available for repurchase under its share repurchase program.

ITEM 6.
Selected Financial Data
The following selected financial data is derived from our Consolidated Financial Statements and should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements, the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
(in millions, except for per share amounts)
Statements of Earnings Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
4,142.6

 
$
2,897.0

 
$
2,694.2

 
$
2,558.0

 
$
2,430.8

 
Operating income
531.6

 
500.3

 
466.9

 
418.2

 
337.1

 
Earnings before income taxes
488.1

 
468.9

 
438.9

 
395.5

 
323.2

 
Net earnings
326.8

 
307.5

 
287.1

 
263.0

 
212.1

 
Basic earnings per share (a)
$
2.77

 
$
2.60

 
$
2.39

 
$
2.20

 
$
1.74

 
Diluted earnings per share (a)
$
2.70

 
$
2.53

 
$
2.32

 
$
2.12

 
$
1.69

 
Basic Weighted-average shares outstanding
118.0

 
118.3

 
119.9

 
119.6

 
121.9

 
Diluted Weighted-average shares outstanding
120.8

 
121.6

 
124.0

 
124.1

 
125.4

 
Cash dividends declared per common share
$
1.32

 
$
1.20

 
$
1.08

 
$
0.84

 
$
0.72

 
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
 
(in millions)
Balance Sheet Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
271.1

 
$
727.7

 
$
324.1

 
$
347.6

 
$
266.0

 
Total current assets
989.6

 
1,289.1

 
861.4

 
880.6

 
807.0

 
Property, plant and equipment, net
198.1

 
112.2

 
97.3

 
88.3

 
80.9

 
Total assets (b)
3,149.8

 
2,872.7

 
2,364.8

 
2,188.0

 
2,017.7

 
Total current liabilities (b)
744.9

 
692.9

 
508.9

 
484.4

 
469.5

 
Long-term debt, excluding current portion (b)
1,102.1

 
890.7

 
686.0

 
520.1

 
524.0

 
Total liabilities (b)
2,146.0

 
1,827.3

 
1,437.0

 
1,226.3

 
1,201.7

 
Total stockholders’ equity
1,003.8

 
1,045.5

 
927.8

 
961.7

 
816.0

 
(a)
The computation of basic earnings per share is based on the Company’s Net earnings divided by the Basic Weighted-average shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if outstanding stock options at the presented date are exercised and restricted stock units have vested.
(b)
Effective in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2015-03, “Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs” (“ASU No. 2015-03”), which requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The Company has applied this guidance on a retrospective basis and accordingly, the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013, respectively, have been updated to reflect this new classification.

25


ITEM 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This discussion summarizes the significant factors affecting the results of operations and financial condition of Broadridge during the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017, 2016, and 2015 and should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes thereto included elsewhere herein. Certain information contained in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements that are not historical in nature and which may be identified by the use of words such as “expects,” “assumes,” “projects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “we believe,” “could be” and other words of similar meaning, are forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management’s expectations and assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed. Our actual results, performance or achievements may differ materially from the results discussed in this Item 7 because of various factors, including those set forth elsewhere herein. See “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” included in Item 1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
DESCRIPTION OF THE COMPANY AND BUSINESS SEGMENTS
Broadridge, a Delaware corporation, is a global fintech leader providing investor communications and technology-driven solutions to banks, broker-dealers, mutual funds and corporate issuers. Our services include investor and customer communications, securities processing, and data and analytics solutions. In short, we provide the infrastructure that helps the financial services industry operate. With over 50 years of experience, including 10 years as an independent public company, we provide financial services firms with advanced, dependable, scalable and cost-effective integrated systems. Our systems help reduce the need for clients to make significant capital investments in operations infrastructure, thereby allowing them to increase their focus on core business activities. We deliver a broad range of solutions that help our clients better serve their retail and institutional customers across the entire investment lifecycle, including pre-trade, trade, and post-trade processing functionality.
Our businesses operate in two reportable segments: Investor Communication Solutions and Global Technology and Operations. We serve a large and diverse client base across four client groups: capital markets, asset management, wealth management and corporations.
Investor Communication Solutions
Our Bank/Broker-Dealer Investor Communication Solutions, Customer Communication Solutions, Corporate Issuer Solutions, Advisor Solutions and Mutual Fund and Retirement Solutions are provided by the Investor Communication Solutions segment. A large portion of our Investor Communication Solutions business involves the processing and distribution of proxy materials to investors in equity securities and mutual funds, as well as the facilitation of related vote processing. ProxyEdge®, our innovative electronic proxy delivery and voting solution for institutional investors and financial advisors, helps ensure the participation of the largest stockholders of many companies. In addition, we provide corporations with registered proxy services as well as registrar, stock transfer and record-keeping services. We also provide the distribution of regulatory reports and corporate action/reorganization event information, as well as tax reporting solutions that help our clients meet their regulatory compliance needs.

We provide customer communication solutions to companies in the financial services, healthcare, insurance, consumer finance, telecommunications, utilities, retail banking and other service industries. The Broadridge Communications Cloud, launched in 2016, provides multi-channel communications delivery, communications management, information management and control and administration capabilities that enable and enhance our clients’ communications with their customers. We process and distribute our clients’ essential communications including transactional (e.g., bills and statements), regulatory (e.g., explanations of benefits, notices, and trade confirmations) and marketing (e.g., direct mail) communications through print and digital channels.

Our advisor solutions enable firms, financial advisors, wealth managers, and insurance agents to better engage with customers through cloud-based marketing and customer communication tools. Our marketing ecosystem integrates data, content and technology to drive new client acquisition and cross-sell opportunities through the creation of sales and educational content, including seminars and a library of financial planning topics as well as customizable advisor websites, search engine marketing and electronic and print newsletters. Our advisor solutions also help advisors optimize their practice management through customer and account data aggregation and reporting.
Our mutual fund and retirement solutions are a full range of tools for mutual funds, exchange traded fund (“ETF”) providers, and asset management firms. They include data-driven technology solutions for data management, analytics, investment accounting, marketing and customer communications. In addition, we provide mutual fund trade processing

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services for retirement providers, third party administrators, financial advisors, banks and wealth management professionals through our subsidiary, Matrix Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Matrix”).
Global Technology and Operations
Our Global Technology and Operations business offers a suite of advanced computerized real-time transaction processing services that automate the securities transaction lifecycle, from desktop productivity tools, data aggregation, performance reporting, and portfolio management to order capture and execution, trade confirmation, settlement, reference data, reconciliations and accounting. Our services help financial institutions and investment managers efficiently and cost-effectively consolidate their books and records, gather and service assets under management, and manage risk, thereby enabling them to focus on their core business activities. Our multi-currency solutions support real-time global trading of equity, fixed income, mutual fund, foreign exchange and exchange traded derivative securities in established and emerging markets. In addition, our Managed Services solution supports the operations of our clients’ businesses including their securities clearing, record-keeping, and custody-related functions.
ACQUISITIONS
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations are recorded on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets as of the respective acquisition date based upon the estimated fair values at such date. The results of operations of the business acquired by the Company are included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Earnings since the respective date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the underlying assets acquired and liabilities assumed is allocated to Goodwill.
Fiscal Year 2017 Acquisitions:

BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
NACC

In July 2016, the Company’s Investor Communication Solutions segment acquired the net assets of the North American Customer Communications (“NACC”) business of DST Systems, Inc., a leading provider of customer communication services including print and digital communication solutions, content management, postal optimization, and fulfillment. The NACC business is part of our customer communications business and is known as Broadridge Customer Communications. The aggregate purchase price was $410.0 million in cash, or $406.2 million net of cash acquired and other closing adjustments.

M&O
In November 2016, the Company’s Global Technology and Operations segment acquired M&O Systems, Inc. (“M&O”). M&O is a provider of SaaS-based compensation management and related solutions for broker-dealers and registered investment advisors, and is now known as Broadridge Advisor Compensation Solutions. The aggregate purchase price was $24.9 million in cash, consisting of $22.4 million of cash payments net of cash acquired as well as a $2.5 million note payable to the sellers that will be settled in the future.

MAL
In March 2017, the Company’s Global Technology and Operations segment acquired Message Automation Limited (“MAL”), which is a specialist provider of post-trade control solutions for sell-side and buy-side firms. The Company previously owned 25% of MAL through its acquisition of City Networks Ltd in fiscal year 2010, and purchased the remaining 75% of the company for an aggregate purchase price of $24.8 million in cash, consisting of $20.1 million of cash payments net of cash acquired, a $3.2 million note payable to the sellers that will be settled in the future, and a contingent consideration liability with an acquisition date fair value of $1.4 million. The fair value of the Company’s 25% pre-existing investment in MAL was determined to be $9.6 million, implied by the aggregate purchase price of the remaining 75% purchased, which resulted in a non-cash, nontaxable gain on investment of $9.3 million (“MAL investment gain”), included as part of Other non-operating (income) expenses, net.

27



ASSET ACQUISITION

Purchase of Intellectual Property

In September 2016, the Company’s Investor Communication Solutions segment acquired intellectual property assets from Inveshare and concurrently entered into a development agreement with an affiliate of Inveshare to use these assets to develop blockchain technology applications for Broadridge’s proxy business. The purchase price was $95.0 million, which consisted of a $90.0 million cash payment upon closing of the acquisition and a $5.0 million obligation payable which the Company expects to pay by September 2017, plus an additional deferred payment of $40.0 million to an affiliate of Inveshare upon delivery of the new blockchain technology applications, which the Company expects to pay by September 2018.

Fiscal Year 2016 Acquisitions:
QED        
In November 2015, the Company’s Investor Communication Solutions segment acquired QED, a provider of investment accounting solutions that serves public sector institutional investors. The aggregate purchase price was $15.5 million, consisting of $13.3 million of cash payments, a $1.5 million note payable to the sellers that will be settled in the future, as well as a contingent consideration liability with an acquisition date fair value of $0.7 million.
4sight Financial        
In June 2016, the Company’s Global Technology and Operations segment acquired 4sight Financial, a global provider of securities financing and collateral management systems to financial institutions. The aggregate purchase price was $39.6 million, consisting of $36.0 million of cash payments, as well as a contingent consideration liability with an acquisition date fair value of $3.6 million.
Fiscal Year 2015 Acquisitions:
TwoFour Systems LLC
In December 2014, the Company’s Global Technology and Operations segment acquired TwoFour Systems LLC, now known as Broadridge FX and Liquidity Solutions, a provider of real-time foreign exchange solutions for banks and broker-dealers. The aggregate purchase price was $32.7 million, consisting of $31.6 million of cash payments as well as a contingent consideration liability with an acquisition date fair value of $1.1 million.
Direxxis LLC
In March 2015, the Company’s Investor Communication Solutions segment acquired Direxxis LLC, a provider of cloud-based marketing solutions and services for financial advisors. The aggregate purchase price was $34.5 million, consisting of $33.3 million of cash payments as well as a contingent consideration liability with an acquisition date fair value of $1.2 million.
Trade Processing Business of WTRIS
In April 2015, the Company’s Investor Communication Solutions segment acquired the trade processing business of the WTRIS unit of M&T Bank Corporation. The acquired business is being combined with Broadridge’s mutual fund and ETF trade processing platform. The aggregate purchase price was $73.2 million, consisting of $61.0 million of cash payments as well as a contingent consideration liability with an acquisition date fair value of $12.2 million.
FSCI Unit of Thomson Reuters’ Lipper division
In June 2015, the Company’s Investor Communication Solutions segment acquired the FSCI unit from Thomson Reuters’ Lipper division, now known as Broadridge Fund Information Services. The acquisition expands the Company’s enterprise data and analytics solutions for mutual fund manufacturers, ETF issuers, and fund administrators, adding new global data and research capabilities. The purchase price was $77.0 million.


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BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) in the United States of America (“U.S.”). These financial statements present the consolidated position of the Company and include the entities in which the Company directly or indirectly has a controlling financial interest as well as various entities in which the Company has investments recorded under either the cost or equity methods of accounting. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. Amounts presented may not sum due to rounding.
In presenting the Consolidated Financial Statements, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and related disclosures. Management continually evaluates the accounting policies and estimates used to prepare the Consolidated Financial Statements. The estimates, by their nature, are based on judgment, available information, and historical experience and are believed to be reasonable. However, actual amounts and results could differ from those estimates made by management. In management’s opinion, the Consolidated Financial Statements contain all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of results reported. The results of operations reported for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for subsequent periods.
Effective in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017, we have revised our presentation in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings to separately present Interest expense, net. Previously, Interest expense, net, was reported as part of Non-operating expenses, net, and was not separately presented in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings. All prior period information has been conformed to the current period presentation. See Note 4, “Interest Expense, Net,” to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of Part II of this Annual report on Form 10-K for details of the Company’s Interest expense, net, Note 5, “Other Non-Operating (Income) Expenses, Net,” to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of Part II of this Annual report on Form 10-K for details of the Company’s Other non-operating (income) expenses, net, and Note 19, “Quarterly Financial Results (Unaudited),” to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of Part II of this Annual report on Form 10-K for details of our Operating income.
Effective in the first quarter of fiscal year 2017, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2015-03, “Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs” (“ASU No. 2015-03”), which requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The Company has applied this guidance on a retrospective basis and accordingly, the Consolidated Balance Sheet under Item 8 of Part II of this Annual report on Form 10-K as of June 30, 2016 has been updated to reflect this new classification, which resulted in a decrease in Other non-current assets of $7.1 million, a decrease in Long-term debt, excluding current portion of $7.0 million and a decrease of $0.1 million in Current portion of long-term debt at June 30, 2016.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
We continually evaluate the accounting policies and estimates used to prepare the Consolidated Financial Statements. The estimates, by their nature, are based on judgment, available information, and historical experience and are believed to be reasonable. However, actual amounts and results could differ from these estimates made by management. Certain accounting policies that require significant management estimates and are deemed critical to our results of operations or financial position are discussed below.
Goodwill. We review the carrying value of all our goodwill by comparing the carrying value of our reporting units to their fair values. We are required to perform this comparison at least annually or more frequently if circumstances indicate a possible impairment. When determining fair value of a reporting unit, we utilize the income approach which considers future cash flows using various assumptions, including projections of revenues based on assumed long-term growth rates, estimated costs and appropriate discount rates based on the particular reporting unit’s weighted-average cost of capital. The principal factors used in the discounted cash flow analysis requiring judgment are the projected future operating cash flows, the weighted-average cost of capital and the terminal value growth rate assumptions. The weighted-average cost of capital takes into account the relative weight of each component of our consolidated capital structure (equity and long-term debt). Our estimates of long-term growth and costs are based on historical data, various internal estimates and a variety of external sources, and are developed as part of our routine, long-range planning process. Changes in economic and operating conditions impacting these assumptions could result in goodwill impairments in future periods. We had $1,159.3 million of goodwill as of June 30, 2017. Given the significance of our goodwill, an adverse change to the fair value of one of our reporting units could result in an impairment charge, which could be material to our earnings.
The Company performs a sensitivity analysis under Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test assuming hypothetical reductions in the fair values of our reporting units. A 10% change in our estimates of projected future operating cash flows,

29


discount rates, or terminal value growth rates used in our calculations of the fair values of the reporting units would not result in an impairment of our goodwill.
Income Taxes. The objectives of accounting for income taxes are to recognize the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in an entity’s financial statements or tax returns. Judgment is required in addressing the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our Consolidated Financial Statements or tax returns (e.g., realization of deferred tax assets, changes in tax laws or interpretations thereof). The Company is subject to regular examination of its income tax returns by the U.S. federal, state and foreign tax authorities. A change in the assessment of the outcomes of such matters could materially impact our Consolidated Financial Statements. The Company has estimated foreign net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $14.8 million as of June 30, 2017 of which $1.3 million expires in 2018 through 2027 and of which $13.5 million has an indefinite utilization period. In addition, the Company has estimated U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $26.4 million, which expire in 2018 through 2030.
Valuation allowances are recognized to reduce deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that the Company will not be able to utilize the deferred tax assets attributable to net operating and capital loss carryforwards of certain subsidiaries to offset future taxable earnings. The Company has recorded valuation allowances of $9.3 million and $9.8 million at June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The determination as to whether a deferred tax asset will be recognized is made on a jurisdictional basis and is based on the evaluation of historical taxable income or loss, projected future taxable income, carryforward periods, scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities and tax planning strategies. Projected future taxable income is based on expected results and assumptions as to the jurisdiction in which the income will be earned. The assumptions used to project future taxable income requires significant judgment and are consistent with the plans and estimates used to manage the underlying businesses.
Share-based Payments. Accounting for stock-based compensation requires the measurement of stock-based compensation expense based on the fair value of the award on the date of grant. We determine the fair value of stock options issued by using a binomial option-pricing model. The binomial option-pricing model considers a range of assumptions related to volatility, dividend yield, risk-free interest rate and employee exercise behavior. Expected volatilities utilized in the binomial option-pricing model are based on a combination of implied market volatilities, historical volatility of our stock price and other factors. Similarly, the dividend yield is based on historical experience and expected future changes. The risk-free rate is derived from the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The binomial option-pricing model also incorporates exercise and forfeiture assumptions based on an analysis of historical data. The expected life of the stock option grants is derived from the output of the binomial model and represents the period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding. Determining these assumptions are subjective and complex, and therefore, a change in the assumptions utilized could impact the calculation of the fair value of our stock options. A hypothetical change of five percentage points applied to the volatility assumption used to determine the fair value of the fiscal year 2017 stock option grants would result in approximately a $1.6 million change in total pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for the fiscal year 2017 grants, which would be amortized over the vesting period. A hypothetical change of one year in the expected life assumption used to determine the fair value of the fiscal year 2017 stock option grants would result in approximately a $0.5 million change in the total pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for the fiscal year 2017 grants, which would be amortized over the vesting period. A hypothetical change of one percentage point in the forfeiture rate assumption used for the fiscal year 2017 stock option grants would result in approximately a $0.1 million change in the total pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for the fiscal year 2017 grants, which would be amortized over the vesting period. A hypothetical one-half percentage point change in the dividend yield assumption used to determine the fair value of the fiscal year 2017 stock option grants would result in approximately a $0.7 million change in the total pre-tax stock-based compensation expense for the fiscal year 2017 grants, which would be amortized over the vesting period.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussions of Analysis of Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Analysis of Reportable Segments refer to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, and the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The Analysis of Consolidated Statements of Earnings should be read in conjunction with the Analysis of Reportable Segments, which provides more detailed discussions concerning certain components of the Consolidated Statements of Earnings.
The following references are utilized in the discussions of Analysis of Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Analysis of Reportable Segments:

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“Amortization of Acquired Intangibles and Purchased Intellectual Property” and “Acquisition and Integration Costs” represent certain non-cash amortization expenses associated with acquired intangible assets and purchased intellectual property assets, and certain transaction and integration costs associated with the Company’s acquisition activities, respectively.
“Net New Business” refers to recurring revenue from closed sales less recurring revenue from client losses.
The following definitions describe the Company’s Revenues:
Fee revenues in the Investor Communication Solutions segment are derived from both recurring and event-driven activity. In addition, the level of recurring and event-driven activity we process directly impacts distribution revenues. While event-driven activity is highly repeatable, it may not recur on an annual basis. The types of services we provide that comprise event-driven activity are:
Mutual Fund Proxy: The proxy and related services we provide to mutual funds when certain events occur requiring a shareholder vote including changes in directors, sub-advisors, fee structures, investment restrictions, and mergers of funds.
Mutual Fund Communications: Mutual fund communications services consist primarily of the distribution on behalf of mutual funds of supplemental information required to be provided to the annual mutual fund prospectus as a result of certain triggering events such as a change in portfolio managers. In addition, mutual fund communications consist of notices and marketing materials such as newsletters.
Proxy Contests and Specials, Corporate Actions, and Other: The proxy services we provide in connection with shareholder meetings driven by special events such as proxy contests, mergers and acquisitions, and tender/exchange offers.
Event-driven fee revenues are based on the number of special events and corporate transactions we process. Event-driven activity is impacted by financial market conditions and changes in regulatory compliance requirements, resulting in fluctuations in the timing and levels of event-driven fee revenues. As such, the timing and level of event-driven activity and its potential impact on revenues and earnings are difficult to forecast.
Generally, mutual fund proxy activity has been subject to a greater level of volatility than the other components of event-driven activity. During fiscal year 2017, mutual fund proxy fee revenues were 19% higher than the prior fiscal year while during fiscal years 2016 and 2015, mutual fund proxy revenues were 22% higher and 2% lower than the prior fiscal year, respectively. Although it is difficult to forecast the levels of event-driven activity, we expect that the portion of fee revenues derived from mutual fund proxy activity may continue to experience volatility in the future.
Distribution revenues primarily include revenues related to the physical mailing of proxy materials, interim communications, transaction reporting, customer communications and fulfillment services as well as Matrix administrative services.
Distribution cost of revenues consists primarily of postage-related expenses incurred in connection with our Investor Communication Solutions segment, as well as Matrix administrative services expenses. These costs are reflected in Cost of revenues.
Closed sales represent an estimate of the expected annual recurring fee revenue for new client contracts that were signed by Broadridge in the current reporting period. Closed sales does not include event-driven or distribution activity. We consider contract terms, expected client volumes or activity, knowledge of the marketplace and experience with our clients, among other factors, when determining the estimate. Management uses Closed sales to measure the effectiveness of our sales and marketing programs, as an indicator of expected future revenues and as a performance metric in determining incentive compensation.
Closed sales is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for revenue or other income statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP. Closed sales is a useful metric for investors in understanding how management measures and evaluates our ongoing operational performance.
The inherent variability of transaction volumes and activity levels can result in some variability of amounts reported as actual achieved Closed sales. For fiscal years prior to fiscal year 2017, we tracked actual revenues achieved during the first year that the client contract was fully implemented and compared this to the previously reported Closed sales amount, this process was used to calibrate metrics used in incentive compensation and will be used to estimate future allowance adjustments. Larger Closed sales can take up to 12 to 24 months or longer to convert to revenues, particularly for the services provided by our Global Technology and Operations segment.


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Beginning in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, we have reported Closed sales net of a 3.5% allowance adjustment, in lieu of our previous practice of adjusting for actual performance in subsequent periods. Consequently, our reported Closed sales amounts will not be adjusted for actual revenues achieved because these adjustments are estimated in the period the sale is reported. The allowance adjustment was determined by reviewing the reported Closed sales amounts for the prior five fiscal years based on estimated revenues at signing and comparing those amounts to the revenues achieved one year after the clients went live on the services. Cumulatively during the five years from fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2016, we reported Closed sales of $689.3 million based on estimates at signing, while revenues achieved one year after go-live were $665.2 million, resulting in revaluation losses of $24.1 million or a realized loss experience of 3.5%. We will assess this allowance amount at the end of each fiscal year to establish the appropriate allowance for the subsequent year using the trailing five years data referenced earlier as the starting point, normalized for outlying factors, if any, to enhance the accuracy of the allowance.
For the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015, Closed sales, which includes contributions from NACC in fiscal year 2017, were $188.5 million, $150.9 million and $146.4 million, respectively. The fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 is net of an allowance adjustment of $6.8 million.
ANALYSIS OF CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
Fiscal Year 2017 Compared to Fiscal Year 2016
The table below presents Consolidated Statements of Earnings data for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, and the dollar and percentage changes between periods:
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Change
 
($)    
 
(%)    
 
(in millions, except for per share amounts)
Revenues
$
4,142.6

 
$
2,897.0

 
$
1,245.5

 
43

  
Cost of revenues
3,109.6

 
1,975.9

 
1,133.7

 
57

  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
501.4

 
420.9

 
80.5

 
19

  
       Total operating expenses
3,611.0

 
2,396.8

 
1,214.2

 
51

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
531.6

 
500.3

 
31.3

 
6

 
Margin
12.8
%
 
17.3
%
 
 
 
(4.5
)
pts
Interest expense, net
42.7

 
25.7

 
16.9

 
66

 
Other non-operating (income) expenses, net
0.8

 
5.6

 
(4.9
)
 
(86
)
 
Earnings before income taxes
488.1

 
468.9

 
19.2

 
4

  
Provision for income taxes
161.4

 
161.4

 
(0.1
)
 

  
Effective tax rate
33.1
%
 
34.4
%
 
 
 
(1.3
)
pts 
Net earnings
$
326.8

 
$
307.5

 
$
19.3

 
6

  
Basic earnings per share
$
2.77

 
$
2.60

 
$
0.17

 
7

  
Diluted earnings per share
$
2.70

 
$
2.53

 
$
0.17

 
7

  
Revenues. Revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $4,142.6 million, an increase of $1,245.5 million, or 43%, compared to $2,897.0 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. Revenues from acquisitions contributed $1,092.1 million of this total increase, with NACC revenues contributing $1,067.1 million. The $1,245.5 million increase was driven by an increase in distribution revenues of $690.2 million, or 80%, which includes $642.9 million of NACC distribution revenues, and an increase in recurring fee revenues of $555.9 million, or 29%. The higher recurring fee revenues of $555.9 million reflected: contributions from our recent acquisitions (24 pts), including $424.2 million from the NACC acquisition, gains from Net New Business (4 pts) and internal growth (2 pts). Event-driven revenues increased by $19.5 million, or 10%. Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates negatively impacted total revenues by $20.1 million.
Total operating expenses. Total operating expenses for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $3,611.0 million, an increase of $1,214.2 million, or 51%, compared to $2,396.8 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016.

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Cost of revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $3,109.6 million, an increase of $1,133.7 million, or 57%, compared to $1,975.9 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. The increase was primarily attributable to acquisitions. Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates decreased cost of revenues by $16.6 million.
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $501.4 million, an increase of $80.5 million, or 19%, compared to $420.9 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. The increase was primarily due to acquisitions.
Operating income. Operating income for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 was $531.6 million, an increase of $31.3 million, or 6%, compared to $500.3 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. Operating income margins decreased to 12.8% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, compared to 17.3% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, primarily due to the acquisition of NACC.
Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 was $42.7 million, an increase of $16.9 million, or 66%, compared to $25.7 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. The increase was primarily due to an increase in interest expense of $16.3 million from higher Long-term borrowings.
Other non-operating (income) expenses, net. Other non-operating expenses, net for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $0.8 million, a decrease of $4.9 million, or 86%, compared to $5.6 million of Other non-operating expenses, net for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, primarily due to the $9.3 million MAL investment gain, partially offset by higher expense of $4.3 million related to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
Earnings before income taxes. Earnings before income taxes for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $488.1 million, an increase of $19.2 million, or 4%, compared to $468.9 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016.
Provision for income taxes. The Provision for income taxes and effective tax rates for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $161.4 million and 33.1%, compared to $161.4 million and 34.4%, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, respectively. The effective tax for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 was impacted by the recognition of the non-cash, nontaxable $9.3 million MAL investment gain. Excluding that investment gain, the effective tax rate for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 was 33.7%. In addition to the tax benefit from the MAL investment gain, the effective tax rate also declined as a result of a $2.2 million increase in the current year accrual for the Section 199 domestic production activities deduction relating to prior tax years. The effective tax rate was also positively impacted by approximately 20 basis points due to a more favorable mix of geographical income.
Net earnings and Basic and Diluted earnings per share. Net earnings for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $326.8 million, an increase of $19.3 million, or 6%, compared to $307.5 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016.
Basic and Diluted earnings per share for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $2.77 and $2.70, respectively, compared to $2.60 and $2.53 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, respectively.

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Fiscal Year 2016 Compared to Fiscal Year 2015
The table below presents Consolidated Statements of Earnings data for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, and the dollar and percentage changes between periods:
 
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Change
 
 
($)    
 
(%)    
 
 
(in millions, except for per share amounts)
Revenues
 
$
2,897.0

 
$
2,694.2

 
$
202.8

 
8

  
Cost of revenues
 
1,975.9

 
1,828.2

 
147.7

 
8

  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
420.9

 
399.1

 
21.8

 
5

  
       Total operating expenses
 
2,396.8

 
2,227.3

 
169.5

 
8

  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
500.3

 
466.9

 
33.4

 
7

 
Margin
 
17.3
%
 
17.3
%
 
 
 

pts
Interest expense, net
 
25.7

 
22.6

 
3.2

 
14

 
Other non-operating (income) expenses, net
 
5.6

 
5.4

 
0.2

 
4

 
Earnings before income taxes
 
468.9

 
438.9

 
30.0

 
7

  
Provision for income taxes
 
161.4

 
151.8

 
9.6

 
6

  
Effective tax rate
 
34.4
%
 
34.6
%
 
 
 
(0.2
)
pts 
Net earnings
 
$
307.5

 
$
287.1

 
$
20.4

 
7

  
Basic earnings per share
 
$
2.60

 
$
2.39

 
$
0.21

 
9

  
Diluted earnings per share
 
$
2.53

 
$
2.32

 
$
0.21

 
9

  
Revenues. Revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $2,897.0 million, an increase of $202.8 million, or 8%, compared to $2,694.2 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The $202.8 million increase was driven by: (i) increased recurring fee revenues of $154.7 million or 9% increase; (ii) increased distribution revenues of $54.4 million or 7% increase; (iii) increased event-driven fee revenues of $26.6 million or 15% increase, partially offset by (iv) fluctuations in foreign currency denominated revenues that negatively impacted revenues by $32.9 million. The higher recurring fee revenues of $154.7 million reflected gains from Net New Business (4 pts), contributions from acquisitions (3 pts) and internal growth (1 pt). The higher distribution revenues of $54.4 million include $19.3 million from acquisitions.
Total operating expenses. Total operating expenses for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $2,396.8 million, an increase of $169.5 million, or 8%, compared to $2,227.3 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015.
Cost of revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $1,975.9 million, an increase of $147.7 million, or 8%, compared to $1,828.2 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increase primarily reflects: (i) higher labor costs of $41.4 million; (ii) higher distribution cost of revenues of $45.9 million driven by the increase in distribution revenues; (iii) higher cost of fee revenues related to acquisitions of $44.8 million; and (iv) higher production related operating expenses driven mostly by the increase in recurring and event-driven fee revenues. Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates decreased cost of fee revenues by $25.1 million. The higher distribution cost of revenues of $45.9 million includes $19.3 million from acquisitions.
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $420.9 million, an increase of $21.8 million, or 5%, compared to $399.1 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increase was primarily due to (i) higher costs related to acquisitions of $15.7 million; (ii) higher performance-based compensation expense of $6.8 million and (iii) higher selling and marketing expenses of $2.9 million as the Company continued to focus on increasing its sales capabilities, partially offset by (iv) lower professional services fees of $5.1 million.
Operating income. Operating income for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 was $500.3 million, an increase of $33.4 million, or 7%, compared to $466.9 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increase is due to higher revenues, partially offset by higher operating expenses including $6.5 million of increased amortization expense from acquired intangibles. Operating income margins was unchanged at 17.3% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

34


Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 was $25.7 million, an increase of $3.2 million, or 14%, compared to $22.6 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increase was primarily due to an increase in interest expense of $3.0 million from higher Long-term borrowings related to our revolving credit facility.
Other non-operating (income) expenses, net. Other non-operating expenses, net for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $5.6 million, an increase of $0.2 million, or 4%, compared to $5.4 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015.
Earnings before income taxes. Earnings before income taxes for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $468.9 million, an increase of $30.0 million, or 7%, compared to $438.9 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increase is primarily due to higher revenues, partially offset by higher operating and non-operating expenses.
Provision for income taxes. The Provision for income taxes and the effective tax rates for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $161.4 million and 34.4%, respectively, compared to $151.8 million and 34.6%, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015, respectively. The decrease in the effective tax rate was primarily attributable to a greater recognition of tax benefits in fiscal year 2016 for the current year federal research and development tax credit and the Section 199 domestic production activities deduction.
Net earnings and Basic and Diluted earnings per share. Net earnings for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $307.5 million, an increase of $20.4 million, or 7%, compared to $287.1 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increase in Net earnings reflects higher revenues, and improvement in pre-tax margins as discussed above.
Basic and Diluted earnings per share for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $2.60, an increase of $0.21, or 9%, and $2.53, an increase of $0.21, or 9%, respectively, compared to $2.39 and $2.32 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015, respectively.
ANALYSIS OF REPORTABLE SEGMENTS
Broadridge has two reportable business segments: (1) Investor Communication Solutions and (2) Global Technology and Operations.
The primary component of “Other” are certain gains, losses, corporate overhead expenses and non-operating expenses that have not been allocated to the reportable segments, such as interest expense. Foreign currency exchange is a reconciling item between the actual foreign currency exchange rates and the constant foreign currency exchange rates used for internal management reporting.
Certain corporate expenses, as well as certain centrally managed expenses, are allocated based upon budgeted amounts in a reasonable manner. Because the Company compensates the management of its various businesses on, among other factors, segment profit, the Company may elect to record certain segment-related operating and non-operating expense items in Other rather than reflect such items in segment profit.
Revenues
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
Change
2017 vs. 2016
 
2016 vs. 2015
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
$
 
%
 
$
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investor Communication Solutions
$
3,421.4

 
$
2,220.4

 
$
2,030.2

 
$
1,201.0

 
54
 
$
190.2

 
9
Global Technology and Operations
802.7

 
738.0

 
692.5

 
64.6

 
9
 
45.5

 
7
Other

 

 

 

 

 

 
Foreign currency exchange
(81.5
)
 
(61.4
)
 
(28.5
)
 
(20.1
)
 
33
 
(32.9
)
 
115
      Total
$
4,142.6

 
$
2,897.0

 
$
2,694.2

 
$
1,245.5

 
43
 
$
202.8

 
8
 

35


Earnings (Loss) before Income Taxes
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
Change
2017 vs. 2016
 
2016 vs. 2015
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
$
 
%
 
$
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investor Communication Solutions
$
421.0

 
$
409.1

 
$
381.4

 
$
11.9

 
3
 
$
27.7

 
7

Global Technology and Operations
169.6

 
135.4

 
120.3

 
34.2

 
25
 
15.1

 
13

Other
(110.5
)
 
(79.0
)
 
(73.5
)
 
(31.5
)
 
40
 
(5.5
)
 
7

Foreign currency exchange
8.1

 
3.4

 
10.7

 
4.7

 
138
 
(7.3
)
 
(68
)
      Total
$
488.1

 
$
468.9

 
$
438.9

 
$
19.2

 
4
 
$
30.0

 
7

Investor Communication Solutions
Revenues
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
Change
2017 vs. 2016
 
2016 vs. 2015
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
$
 
%
 
$
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring fee revenues
$
1,648.5

 
$
1,157.3

 
$
1,048.1

 
$
491.2

 
42
 
$
109.2

 
10
Event-driven revenues
218.9

 
199.4

 
172.8

 
19.5

 
10
 
26.6

 
15
Distribution revenues
1,554.0

 
863.7

 
809.3

 
690.2

 
80
 
54.4

 
7
       Total
$
3,421.4

 
$
2,220.4

 
$
2,030.2

 
$
1,201.0

 
54
 
$
190.2

 
9
Fiscal Year 2017 Compared to Fiscal Year 2016
Revenues. Investor Communication Solutions segment’s Revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $3,421.4 million an increase of $1,201.0 million, or 54%, compared to $2,220.4 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. Revenues from the NACC acquisition contributed $1,067.1 million of this total increase. The increase was attributable to higher recurring fee revenues of $491.2 million, higher event-driven fee revenues of $19.5 million and higher distribution revenues of $690.2 million.
The higher recurring fee revenues of $491.2 million, or 42%, reflected: (i) contributions from the NACC acquisition (37 pts), (ii) Net New Business (4 pts), and (iii) internal growth (2 pts). Higher event-driven fee revenues were the result of increased mutual fund proxy and proxy contests. Position growth compared to the same period in the prior year, which is a component of internal growth, was 4% for mutual fund interims and 8% for annual equity proxy communications. Revenue contribution from position growth was offset by lower activity in other products.
Earnings before income taxes. Earnings before income taxes for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $421.0 million, an increase of $11.9 million, or 3%, compared to $409.1 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. The earnings increase was primarily due to higher revenues, partially offset by higher operating expenses, which includes higher amortization expenses related to acquired intangibles and purchased intellectual property as well as higher integration costs related to NACC. Pre-tax margins decreased by 6.1 percentage points to 12.3%.
Fiscal Year 2016 Compared to Fiscal Year 2015
Revenues. Investor Communication Solutions segment’s Revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $2,220.4 million, an increase of $190.2 million, or 9%, compared to $2,030.2 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increase was attributable to higher recurring fee revenues of $109.2 million, higher event-driven fee revenues of $26.6 million and higher distribution revenues of $54.4 million.
Higher recurring fee revenues of 10% were attributable to: (i) contributions from our recent acquisitions (5 pts); (ii) Net New Business primarily driven by increases in revenues from closed sales (5 pts); and (iii) internal growth (1 pt). Position growth compared to the same period in the prior year, which is a component of internal growth, was 3% for annual equity

36


proxy communications and 4% for mutual fund interims and was the primary driver behind internal growth. Higher event-driven fee revenues were the result of increased mutual fund proxy and corporate re-organization communications activity.
Earnings before income taxes. Earnings before income taxes for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $409.1 million, an increase of $27.7 million, or 7%, compared to $381.4 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. Pre-tax margins decreased by 0.4 percentage points to 18.4% primarily due to (i) higher operating expenses, and (ii) incremental operating and intangible amortization costs related to acquisitions, partially offset by (iii) earnings from higher recurring and event-driven revenues.
Global Technology and Operations
Fiscal Year 2017 Compared to Fiscal Year 2016
Revenues. Global Technology and Operations segment’s Revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $802.7 million, an increase of $64.6 million, or 9%, compared to $738.0 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. The 9% increase was attributable to: (i) higher Net New Business (5 pts), (ii) revenue from recent acquisitions (3 pts) and (iii) internal growth from higher trade and non-trade activity levels partially offset by contract renewals (1 pt).
Earnings before income taxes. Earnings before income taxes for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017 were $169.6 million, an increase of $34.2 million, or 25%, compared to $135.4 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. The earnings increase was primarily due to higher organic revenues and efficiency initiatives, partially offset by the impact of recent acquisitions. Pre-tax margins increased by 2.8 percentage points from 18.3% to 21.1%.
Fiscal Year 2016 Compared to Fiscal Year 2015
Revenues. Global Technology and Operations segment’s Revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $738.0 million, an increase of $45.5 million, or 7%, compared to $692.5 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increase was attributable to: (i) higher Net New Business from closed sales (3 pts); (ii) internal growth from increased usage of products and services as well as trading activity, partially offset by contract renewals (2 pts); and (iii) revenue from our recent acquisitions (1 pt).
Earnings before income taxes. Earnings before income taxes for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 were $135.4 million, an increase of $15.1 million, or 13%, compared to $120.3 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. Pre-tax margins increased by 0.9 percentage points from 17.4% to 18.3% for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016 primarily due to higher revenues from closed sales and internal growth partially offset by incremental operating costs and the impact of recent acquisitions. 
Other
Fiscal Year 2017 Compared to Fiscal Year 2016
Revenues. There were no significant reportable Revenues in our Other segment for the periods presented.
Loss before income taxes. Loss before income taxes was $110.5 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017, an increase of $31.5 million, or 40%, compared to $79.0 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016. The increased loss was primarily due to an increase in net interest expense of $16.9 million, higher expense related to efficiency initiatives, increased foreign currency transaction losses of $4.3 million, a reduction in the fair value of our obligation under contingent acquisition consideration arrangements of $4.9 million in the prior year and a gain on sale of an asset in the prior fiscal year, partially offset by the $9.3 million MAL investment gain.
Fiscal Year 2016 Compared to Fiscal Year 2015
Revenues. There were no significant reportable Revenues in our Other segment for the periods presented.
Loss before income taxes. Loss before income taxes was $79.0 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, an increase of $5.5 million, or 7%, compared to $73.5 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2015. The increased loss was mainly due to higher compensation expenses, which includes increased severance costs of $9.2 million and an increase in interest expense, partially offset by a reduction in the fair value of our obligation under contingent acquisition consideration arrangements of $4.9 million.

37


Explanation and Reconciliation of the Company’s Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
The Company’s results in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP except where otherwise noted. In certain circumstances, results have been presented that are not generally accepted accounting principles measures (“Non-GAAP”). These Non-GAAP measures are Adjusted Operating income, Adjusted Net earnings, Adjusted earnings per share, and Free cash flow. These Non-GAAP financial measures should be viewed in addition to, and not as a substitute for, the Company’s reported results.

The Company believes our Non-GAAP financial measures help investors understand how management plans, measures and evaluates the Company’s business performance. Management believes that Non-GAAP measures provide consistency in its financial reporting and facilitates investors’ understanding of the Company’s operating results and trends by providing an additional basis for comparison. Management uses these Non-GAAP financial measures to, among other things, evaluate our ongoing operations, for internal planning and forecasting purposes and in the calculation of performance-based compensation. In addition, and as a consequence of the importance of these Non-GAAP financial measures in managing our business, the Company’s Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors incorporates Non-GAAP financial measures in the evaluation process for determining management compensation.

Adjusted Operating Income, Adjusted Net Earnings and Adjusted Earnings Per Share
These Non-GAAP measures reflect Operating income, Operating income margin, Net earnings, and Diluted earnings per share, as adjusted to exclude the impact of certain costs, expenses, gains and losses and other specified items that management believes are not indicative of our ongoing operating performance. These adjusted measures exclude the impact of Amortization of Acquired Intangibles and Purchased Intellectual Property, Acquisition and Integration Costs and the MAL investment gain. Amortization of Acquired Intangibles and Purchased Intellectual Property represents non-cash expenses associated with the Company's acquisition activities. Acquisition and Integration Costs represent certain transaction and integration costs associated with the Company’s acquisition activities.
We exclude Amortization of Acquired Intangibles and Purchased Intellectual Property, Acquisition and Integration Costs and the MAL investment gain from these measures because excluding such information provides us with an understanding of the results from the primary operations of our business and these items do not reflect ordinary operations or earnings. Management believes these measures may be useful to an investor in evaluating the underlying operating performance of our business.

Free Cash Flows

In addition to the Non-GAAP financial measures discussed above, we provide Free cash flow information because we consider Free cash flow to be a liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated that could be used for dividends, share repurchases, strategic acquisitions and other discretionary investments. Free cash flow is a Non-GAAP financial measure and is defined by the Company as Net cash flows provided by operating activities less Capital expenditures as well as Software purchases and capitalized internal use software.

Set forth below is a reconciliation of such Non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures (unaudited):
 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(in millions)
Operating income (GAAP)
 
$
531.6

 
$
500.3

 
$
466.9

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of Acquired Intangibles and Purchased Intellectual Property
 
72.6

 
31.8

 
25.3

Acquisition and Integration Costs
 
19.1

 
5.0

 
5.0

Adjusted Operating income (Non-GAAP)
 
$
623.3

 
$
537.1

 
$
497.2


38


 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(in millions)
Net earnings (GAAP)
 
$
326.8

 
$
307.5

 
$
287.1

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of Acquired Intangibles and Purchased Intellectual Property
 
72.6

 
31.8

 
25.3

Acquisition and Integration Costs
 
19.1

 
5.0

 
5.0

MAL investment gain (a)
 
(9.3
)
 

 

Tax impact of adjustments
 
(30.9
)
 
(12.7
)
 
(10.5
)
Adjusted Net earnings (Non-GAAP)
 
$
378.3

 
$
331.7

 
$
306.9

(a) Represents a non-cash, nontaxable gain on investment.
 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share (GAAP)
 
$
2.70

 
$
2.53

 
$
2.32

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of Acquired Intangibles and Purchased Intellectual Property
 
0.60

 
0.26

 
0.20

Acquisition and Integration Costs
 
0.16

 
0.04

 
0.04

MAL investment gain
 
(0.08
)
 

 

Tax impact of adjustments
 
(0.26
)
 
(0.10
)
 
(0.08
)
Adjusted earnings per share (Non-GAAP)
 
$
3.13

 
$
2.73

 
$
2.47

 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(in millions)
Net cash flows provided by operating activities (GAAP)
 
$
515.9

 
$
437.7

 
$
431.4

Capital expenditures and Software purchases and capitalized internal use software
 
(113.7
)
 
(75.5
)
 
(66.0
)
Free cash flow (Non-GAAP)
 
$
402.2

 
$
362.2

 
$
365.4


FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash and cash equivalents consisted of the following:
 
 
June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
Domestic cash
 
$
86.8

 
$
497.3

Cash held by foreign subsidiaries
 
126.2

 
174.3

Cash held by regulated entities
 
58.1

 
56.1

     Total cash and cash equivalents
 
$
271.1

 
$
727.7

At June 30, 2017 and 2016, Cash and cash equivalents were $271.1 million and $727.7 million, respectively. Total stockholders’ equity was $1,003.8 million and $1,045.5 million at June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. At June 30, 2017, net working capital was $244.6 million, compared to $596.2 million at June 30, 2016. At the current time, and in future periods, we expect cash generated by our operations, together with existing cash, cash equivalents, and borrowing capacity to be sufficient to cover cash needs for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, dividends and common stock repurchases.

39


As of June 30, 2017, $126.2 million of the $271.1 million of Cash and cash equivalents was held by our foreign subsidiaries, and $58.1 million of Cash and cash equivalents was held by regulated entities. We expect existing domestic cash, cash equivalents, and cash flows from operations together with borrowing capacity to continue to be sufficient to fund our domestic operating activities and cash commitments for investing and financing activities, such as regular quarterly dividends, debt repayment schedules, and material capital expenditures, for at least the next 12 months and thereafter for the foreseeable future. In addition, we expect existing foreign cash, cash equivalents, cash flows from operations and borrowing capacity to continue to be sufficient to fund our foreign operating activities and cash commitments for investing activities, such as material capital expenditures, for at least the next 12 months and thereafter for the foreseeable future. If these funds are needed for our operations in the U.S., we would be required to accrue and pay U.S. taxes to repatriate these funds. However, our current plans do not demonstrate a need to repatriate them to fund our U.S. operations, as we consider these funds to be permanently reinvested outside the U.S.
Outstanding borrowings and available capacity under the Company’s borrowing arrangements were as follows:
 
Expiration
Date
 
Par value at June 30, 2017
 
Carrying value at June 30, 2017
 
Carrying value at June 30, 2016 (a)
 
Unused
Available
Capacity
 
 Fair Value at June 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2007 Senior Notes
June 2017
 
$

 
$

 
$
124.8

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
$

 
$

 
$
124.8

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt, excluding current portion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2017 Revolving Credit Facility
February 2022
 
$
210.0

 
$
210.0

 
$

 
$
790.0

 
$
210.0

Fiscal 2014 Senior Notes
September 2020
 
400.0

 
397.9

 
397.2

 

 
419.1

Fiscal 2016 Senior Notes
June 2026
 
500.0

 
494.1

 
493.5

 

 
494.6

 
 
 
$
1,110.0

 
$
1,102.1

 
$
890.7

 
$
790.0

 
$
1,123.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total debt
 
 
$
1,110.0

 
$
1,102.1

 
$
1,015.5

 
$
790.0

 
$
1,123.7

(a) On July 1, 2016, the Company adopted ASU 2015-03 on a retrospective basis and accordingly, the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2016 has been updated to reflect this new classification, which resulted in a decrease in Other non-current assets of $7.1 million, a decrease in Long-term debt, excluding current portion of $7.0 million and a decrease of $0.1 million in Current portion of long-term debt at June 30, 2016.
Future principal payments on the Company’s outstanding debt are as follows:
Years ending June 30,
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
Thereafter
 
Total
(in millions)
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
400.0

 
$
210.0

 
$
500.0

 
$
1,110.0

On February 6, 2017, the Company entered into a $1.0 billion five-year revolving credit facility (the “Fiscal 2017 Revolving Credit Facility”), which is comprised of a $900.0 million U.S. dollar tranche and an $100.0 million multicurrency tranche, and which replaced the $750.0 million five-year revolving credit facility entered into during August 2014 (the “Fiscal 2015 Revolving Credit Facility”) (together the “Revolving Credit Facilities”). Borrowings under the Fiscal 2017 Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 100 basis points. In addition, the Fiscal 2017 Revolving Credit Facility has an annual facility fee equal to 12.5 basis points on the entire facility, similar to the previous Fiscal 2015 Revolving Credit Facility. The annual facility fees for the Revolving Credit Facilities totaled $1.1 million for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2017. As of June 30, 2017, the Company had $210.0 million in outstanding borrowings and had unused available capacity of $790.0 million under the Fiscal 2017 Revolving Credit Facility. The facility is scheduled to expire in February 2022.
On June 1, 2017 the Company repaid in full the $125.0 million in Fiscal 2007 Senior Notes that were outstanding at their maturity date, using available cash.
At June 30, 2017, the carrying value of the Company’s outstanding Long-term debt was $1,102.1 million, consisting of: (i) borrowings on the Fiscal 2017 Revolving Credit Facility of $210.0 million, (ii) senior notes of $397.9 million ($400.0 million principal amount less $0.3 million of unamortized bond discount and $1.9 million of unamortized debt issuance costs) due September 2020 and (iii) senior notes of $494.1 million ($500.0 million principal amount less $1.9 million of unamortized

40


bond discount and $4.0 million of unamortized debt issuance costs) due June 2026. The Fiscal 2017 Revolving Credit Facility and senior notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Company and are ranked equally in right of payment. Interest on the senior notes due September 2020 is payable semiannually on March 1st and September 1st each year based on a fixed per annum rate equal to 3.95%. Interest on the senior notes due June 2026 is payable semiannually on June 27th and December 27th each year based on a fixed per annum rate equal to 3.40%.
Our liquidity position may be negatively affected by changes in general economic conditions, regulatory requirements and access to the capital markets, which may be limited if we were to fail to renew any of the credit facilities on their renewal dates or if we were to fail to meet certain covenants.
Please refer to Note 12, “Borrowings” to our Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8 of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a more detailed discussion.
Cash Flows
Fiscal Year 2017 Compared to Fiscal Year 2016
 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
$ Change
 
(in millions)
 
 
Net cash flows provided by operating activities
$
515.9

 
$
437.7

 
$
78.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash flows used in investing activities
$
(659.3
)
 
$
(136.9
)
 
$
(522.4
)
 
 
 
 
 

Net cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities
$
(311.7
)
 
$
108.6

 
$
(420.3
)
 
 
 
 
 

Free cash flows:

 

 
 
Net cash flows provided by operating activities (GAAP)
$
515.9

 
$
437.7

 
$
78.2

Capital expenditures and Software purchases and capitalized internal use software
(113.7
)
 
(75.5
)
 
(38.2
)
Free cash flows (Non-GAAP)
$
402.2

 
$
362.2

 
$
40.0

The increase in cash provided by operating activities of $78.2 million was due to: (i) an increase in net earnings of $19.3 million, (ii) increased cash provided by working capital of $31.3 million, and (iii) increased non-cash expense add-backs of $42.1 million, partially offset by (iv) increased cash used in long-term assets and liabilities of $14.5 million driven by client implementations and prepaid broker fees.      

The increase in Free cash flow of $40.0 million was driven by an increase in Net cash flows provided by operating activities of $78.2 million partially offset by increased capital expenditures and software purchases and capitalized internal use software of $38.2 million.
The increase in cash used in investing activities of $522.4 million primarily reflects increased investments of $395.7 million in acquisitions and $90.0 million in purchased intellectual property.
The increase in cash used in financing activities of $420.3 million reflects: (i) a $223.0 million increase in the purchase of common stock, (ii) a $125.0 million repayment of short term borrowings, (iii) a $122.9 million decrease in net proceeds from borrowings in the current year compared to the prior fiscal year, and (iv) a $14.0 million increase in dividends paid, partially offset by cash provided by: (i) a $36.2 million increase in the proceeds from stock option exercises, and (ii) a $19.2 million increase in excess tax benefits from the exercise and vesting of stock-based compensation awards.

41


Fiscal Year 2016 Compared to Fiscal Year 2015

 
Years Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
$ Change
 
(in millions)
 
 
Net cash flows provided by operating activities
$
437.7

 
$
431.4

 
$
6.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash flows used in investing activities
$
(136.9
)
 
$
(276.4
)
 
$
139.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities
$
108.6

 
$
(158.3
)
 
$
266.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
Free cash flows:
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash flows provided by operating activities (GAAP)
$
437.7

 
$
431.4

 
$
6.3

Capital expenditures and Software purchases and capitalized internal use software
(75.5
)
 
(66.0
)
 
(9.5
)
Free cash flows (Non-GAAP)
$
362.2

 
$
365.4

 
$
(3.2
)
The increase in cash provided by operating activities of $6.3 million was due to: (A) $42.4 million of increased cash provided by (i) an increase in net earnings of $20.4 million; combined with (ii) an increase in non-cash expense add-backs and other adjustments of $10.5 million; and (iii) a decrease in working capital of $11.5 million, notwithstanding the collection of a $26.1 million tax refund by a Canadian subsidiary in the prior year that did not recur; offset by: (B) $36.1 million of increased cash used in non-current assets and liabilities due primarily to long-term client contracts.
The decrease in free cash flows of $3.2 million was driven by an increase in Net cash flows provided by operating activities of $6.3 million, partially offset by increased capital expenditures, software purchases and capitalized internal use software of $9.5 million.
The decrease in cash used in investing activities of $139.5 million primarily reflects lower spending of $149.9 million on acquisitions in the current fiscal year as compared to the prior fiscal year, partially offset by higher capital expenditures and purchases of intangibles of $9.5 million in the current fiscal year as compared to the prior fiscal year.
The increased cash provided by financing activities of $266.9 million reflects a $181.9 million decrease in the purchases of common stock in the current fiscal year compared to the prior fiscal year and an increase in net proceeds from borrowings of $167.9 million in the current year compared to the prior fiscal year, partially offset by a decrease of $37.3 million in proceeds from stock options the current fiscal year as compared to the prior fiscal year, a decrease of $19.2 million in excess tax benefits from the issuance of stock-based compensation awards and a $15.9 million increase in dividends paid.
Income Taxes
The Company, headquartered in the U.S., is routinely examined by the IRS and is also routinely examined by the tax authorities in the U.S. states and foreign countries in which it conducts business. The tax years under audit examination vary by tax jurisdiction. The Company regularly considers the likelihood of assessments in each of the jurisdictions resulting from examinations. To the extent the Company determines it has potential tax assessments in particular tax jurisdictions, the Company has established tax reserves which it believes are adequate in relation to the potential assessments. Once established, reserves are adjusted when there is more information available, when an event occurs necessitating a change to the reserves or the statute of limitations for the relevant taxing authority to examine the tax position has expired. The resolution of tax matters should not have a material effect on the financial condition of the Company or on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Earnings for a particular future period.
Defined Benefit Pension Plans
The Company sponsors a Supplemental Officer Retirement Plan (the “Broadridge SORP”). The Broadridge SORP is a defined benefit plan pursuant to which the Company will pay supplemental pension benefits to certain key officers upon retirement based upon the officers’ years of service and compensation. The Broadridge SORP is currently unfunded. The Broadridge SORP was closed to new participants beginning in fiscal year 2015.

42


The Company also sponsors a Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (the “Broadridge SERP”). The Broadridge SERP is a defined benefit plan pursuant to which the Company will pay supplemental pension benefits to certain key executives upon retirement based upon the executives’ years of service and compensation. The Broadridge SERP is currently unfunded. The Broadridge SERP was closed to new participants beginning in fiscal year 2015.
The amounts charged to expense by the Company for these plans were:
 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(in millions)
SORP
 
$
3.6

 
$
3.2

 
$
2.7

SERP
 
0.7

 
0.6

 
0.6

     Total
 
$
4.3

 
$
3.8

 
$
3.3

The benefit obligation to the Company under these plans at June 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015 was:
 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(in millions)
SORP
 
$
35.4

 
$
30.0

 
$
25.3

SERP
 
4.3

 
3.6

 
2.7

     Total
 
$
39.7

 
$
33.6

 
$
28.0

Other Post-retirement Benefit Plan
The Company sponsors an Executive Retiree Health Insurance Plan. It is a post-retirement benefit plan pursuant to which the Company helps defray the health care costs of certain eligible key executive retirees and qualifying dependents, based upon the retirees’ age and years of service, until they reach the age of 65. The plan is currently unfunded.
The amounts charged to expense by the Company for this plan were:
 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(in millions)
Executive Retiree Health Insurance Plan
 
$
0.3

 
$
0.3

 
$
0.2

The benefit obligation to the Company under this plan at June 30, 2017, 2016 and 2015 was:
 
 
Years ended June 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(in millions)
Executive Retiree Health Insurance Plan
 
$
4.9

 
$
4.2

 
$
3.9

Contractual Obligations    
The following table summarizes our contractual obligations to third parties as of June 30, 2017 and the effect such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods:

43


 
 
Payments Due by Period
 
 
Total
 
Less than 1
Year
 
1-3 Years
 
4-5 Years
 
After 5
Years
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
Debt(1)
 
$
1,110.0

 
$

 
$

 
$
610.0

 
$
500.0

Interest and facility fee on debt(2)
 
226.0

 
37.8

 
75.6

 
44.6

 
68.0

Facility and equipment operating leases(3)
 
316.1

 
40.5

 
65.7

 
53.9

 
155.9

Software licensing(4)
 
37.9

 
16.9

 
19.7

 
1.3

 

Purchase obligations(5)
 
421.8

 
66.4

 
125.1

 
119.0

 
111.2

Capital commitment to fund an equity method investment(6)
 
2.8

 
2.8

 

 

 

Uncertain tax positions(7)
 

 

 

 

 

Inveshare technology purchase(8)........................................
 
40.0

 

 
40.0

 

 

Total(9)
 
$
2,154.4

 
$
164.4

 
$
326.2

 
$
828.7

 
$
835.1