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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - iHeartCommunications, Inc.ihcomm2017q2-exhibit322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - iHeartCommunications, Inc.ihcomm2017q2-exhibit321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - iHeartCommunications, Inc.ihcomm2017q2-exhibit312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - iHeartCommunications, Inc.ihcomm2017q2-exhibit311.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE
ACT OF 1934 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2017
 
 
[   ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE
ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM _________ TO __________
Commission File Number
001-09645
IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Texas
 
74-1787539
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
200 East Basse Road, Suite 100
San Antonio, Texas
 
78209
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(210) 822-2828
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes [X] No [   ]
 
(Explanatory Note: The registrant is a voluntary filer and is therefore not subject to the filing requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. However, during the preceding 12 months, and pursuant to the bond indentures of iHeartCommunications, Inc., the registrant has filed all reports that it would have been required to file by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 if the registrant was subject to the filing requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during such timeframe.)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes [X] No [  ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer [   ]   Accelerated filer [   ]   Non-accelerated filer [X]  Smaller reporting company [   ] Emerging growth company [ ]
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class
 
Outstanding at July 31, 2017
 
 
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
 
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
 
 
Common Stock, $.001 par value
 
500,000,000

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The registrant meets the conditions set forth in General Instructions H(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-Q and is therefore filing this form in a reduced disclosure format permitted by General Instruction H(2).



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC.
INDEX
 
 
Page No.
Part I – Financial Information
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II – Other Information
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.




PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)
June 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
260,465

 
$
845,030

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $38,243 in 2017 and $33,882 in 2016
1,423,580

 
1,364,404

Prepaid expenses
231,691

 
184,586

Assets held for sale

 
55,602

Other current assets
57,857

 
55,065

Total Current Assets
1,973,593

 
2,504,687

PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
 
 
 
Structures, net
1,177,816

 
1,196,676

Other property, plant and equipment, net
748,843

 
751,486

INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
 
 
 
Indefinite-lived intangibles - licenses
2,414,224

 
2,413,899

Indefinite-lived intangibles - permits
986,273

 
960,966

Other intangibles, net
648,225

 
740,508

Goodwill
4,080,926

 
4,066,575

OTHER ASSETS
 
 
 
Other assets
271,553

 
227,450

Total Assets
$
12,301,453

 
$
12,862,247

CURRENT LIABILITIES
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
115,380

 
$
142,600

Accrued expenses
680,188

 
724,793

Accrued interest
262,140

 
264,170

Deferred income
233,206

 
200,103

Current portion of long-term debt
585,453

 
342,908

Total Current Liabilities
1,876,367

 
1,674,574

Long-term debt
19,795,426

 
20,022,080

Deferred income taxes
1,455,087

 
1,457,095

Other long-term liabilities
616,786

 
593,973

Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 4)


 


STOCKHOLDER’S DEFICIT
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest
116,063

 
135,778

Common stock, par value $.001 per share, authorized and issued 500,000,000 shares in 2017 and 2016, respectively
500

 
500

Additional paid-in capital
2,069,244

 
2,068,075

Accumulated deficit
(13,296,204
)
 
(12,733,952
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(331,816
)
 
(355,876
)
Total Stockholder's Deficit
(11,442,213
)
 
(10,885,475
)
Total Liabilities and Stockholder's Deficit
$
12,301,453

 
$
12,862,247

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenue
$
1,590,368

 
$
1,614,472

 
$
2,919,690

 
$
2,976,270

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct operating expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
614,377

 
613,186

 
1,185,639

 
1,179,850

Selling, general and administrative expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
447,290

 
434,581

 
897,909

 
860,149

Corporate expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
77,158

 
87,657

 
155,520

 
165,516

Depreciation and amortization
147,795

 
162,144

 
293,901

 
317,600

Other operating income (expense), net
6,916

 
(64,190
)
 
38,000

 
220,273

Operating income
310,664

 
252,714

 
424,721

 
673,428

Interest expense
463,160

 
465,991

 
918,497

 
929,941

Equity in earnings (loss) of nonconsolidated affiliates
240

 
(1,610
)
 
(2
)
 
(2,043
)
Other income (expense), net
1,647

 
(34,019
)
 
(13,727
)
 
(39,731
)
Loss before income taxes
(150,609
)
 
(248,906
)
 
(507,505
)
 
(298,287
)
Income tax expense
(17,408
)
 
(27,137
)
 
(48,092
)
 
(36,630
)
Consolidated net loss
(168,017
)
 
(276,043
)
 
(555,597
)
 
(334,917
)
Less amount attributable to noncontrolling interest
6,020

 
2,857

 
6,655

 
32,479

Net loss attributable to the Company
$
(174,037
)
 
$
(278,900
)
 
$
(562,252
)
 
$
(367,396
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
21,927

 
8,864

 
31,655

 
36,441

Unrealized holding gain (loss) on marketable securities
159

 
(309
)
 
102

 
(345
)
Reclassification adjustments

 
32,824

 
(1,644
)
 
32,824

Other adjustments to comprehensive income (loss)

 
(3,745
)
 

 
(3,745
)
Other comprehensive income
22,086

 
37,634

 
30,113

 
65,175

Comprehensive loss
(151,951
)
 
(241,266
)
 
(532,139
)
 
(302,221
)
Less amount attributable to noncontrolling interest
7,516

 
249

 
6,053

 
5,130

Comprehensive loss attributable to the Company
$
(159,467
)
 
$
(241,515
)
 
$
(538,192
)
 
$
(307,351
)
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

2



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands)
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Consolidated net loss
$
(555,597
)
 
$
(334,917
)
Reconciling items:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
293,901

 
317,600

Deferred taxes
3,105

 
(10,371
)
Provision for doubtful accounts
13,662

 
13,337

Amortization of deferred financing charges and note discounts, net
28,323

 
34,540

Share-based compensation
5,481

 
6,866

Gain on disposal of operating and other assets
(41,823
)
 
(223,381
)
Equity in loss of nonconsolidated affiliates
2

 
2,043

Other reconciling items, net
(37,793
)
 
22,902

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and dispositions:
 
 
 
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable
(50,132
)
 
15,820

Increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets
(48,525
)
 
(23,656
)
Decrease in accrued expenses
(72,402
)
 
(80,772
)
Decrease in accounts payable
(30,679
)
 
(27,157
)
Increase in accrued interest
16,449

 
21,049

Increase in deferred income
27,286

 
63,709

Changes in other operating assets and liabilities
(5,632
)
 
20,738

Net cash used for operating activities
(454,374
)
 
(181,650
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of other investments
(5,109
)
 
(32,645
)
Proceeds from sale of other investments
5,012

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(136,620
)
 
(123,705
)
Proceeds from disposal of assets
60,254

 
595,840

Purchases of other operating assets
(1,961
)
 
(2,611
)
Change in other, net
(2,848
)
 
(19
)
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
(81,272
)
 
436,860

Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Draws on credit facilities
3,125

 

Payments on credit facilities
(25,761
)
 
(1,157
)
Proceeds from long-term debt

 
800

Payments on long-term debt
(3,470
)
 
(2,181
)
Dividends and other payments to noncontrolling interests
(28,271
)
 
(72,657
)
Change in other, net
(1,202
)
 
(1,118
)
Net cash used for financing activities
(55,579
)
 
(76,313
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
6,660

 
278

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(584,565
)
 
179,175

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
845,030

 
772,678

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
260,465

 
$
951,853

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
876,000

 
$
873,701

Cash paid for taxes
24,732

 
27,756

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

3



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Preparation of Interim Financial Statements
All references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to iHeartCommunications, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. The Company’s reportable segments are iHeartMedia (“iHM”), Americas outdoor advertising (“Americas outdoor” or “Americas outdoor advertising”) and International outdoor advertising (“International outdoor” or “International outdoor advertising”).
The accompanying consolidated financial statements were prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and, in the opinion of management, include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the results of the interim periods shown. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such SEC rules and regulations. Management believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. Due to seasonality and other factors, the results for the interim periods may not be indicative of results for the full year. The financial statements contained herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
We are a holding company and have no significant assets other than the ownership interests in our subsidiaries. All of our operations and all of our operating assets are held by our subsidiaries. Certain of our outstanding indebtedness is fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a joint and several basis by our parent, iHeartMedia Capital I, LLC (“Capital I”), and certain of our direct and indirect wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries. Not all of our subsidiaries guarantee our obligations under such outstanding indebtedness. For a presentation of the allocation of assets, liabilities, equity, revenues and expenses attributable to the guarantors of our indebtedness in conformity with the SEC’s Regulation S-X Rule 3-10(d), please refer to Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements of Capital I included in its quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017 and filed with the SEC on August 3, 2017.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. Also included in the consolidated financial statements are entities for which the Company has a controlling financial interest or is the primary beneficiary. Investments in companies in which the Company owns 20% to 50% of the voting common stock or otherwise exercises significant influence over operating and financial policies of the company are accounted for under the equity method. All significant intercompany transactions are eliminated in the consolidation process. Certain prior-period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2017 presentation.
The Company is a Texas corporation with all of its common stock being held by Capital I. All of Capital I’s interests are held by iHeartMedia Capital II, LLC, a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of iHeartMedia, Inc. (“Parent”). Parent was formed in May 2007 by private equity funds sponsored by Bain Capital Partners, LLC and Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P. (together, the “Sponsors”) for the purpose of acquiring the business of the Company.
Omission of Per Share Information
Net loss per share information is not presented as Capital I owns 100% of the Company’s common stock. The Company does not have any publicly traded common stock.
Going Concern Considerations
During the second quarter of 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. This update provides U.S. GAAP guidance on management’s responsibility in evaluating whether there is substantial doubt about a company’s ability to continue as a going concern and about related footnote disclosures.  The Company adopted this standard for the year ended December 31, 2016. Under this standard, the Company is required to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern each reporting period, including interim periods.
In evaluating the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, management considered the conditions and events that could raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for 12 months following the date the Company’s financial statements were issued (August 3, 2017). Management considered the Company’s current financial condition and liquidity sources, including current funds available, forecasted future cash flows and the Company’s conditional and unconditional obligations due before August 3, 2018.

4



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

As of June 30, 2017, the Company had $260.5 million of cash and cash equivalents on its balance sheet, including $163.1 million of cash and cash equivalents held by the Company's subsidiary, Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings, Inc. ("CCOH"). As of June 30, 2017, the Company had $144.1 million of excess availability under its receivables based credit facility, subject to limitations in our material financing agreements. A substantial amount of the Company's cash requirements are for debt service obligations. Although the Company has generated operating income in excess of $1.0 billion in each of the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company incurred net losses and had negative cash flows from operations for each of these years as a result of significant cash interest payments arising from the Company's substantial debt balance. For each of the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company had negative cash flows from operating activities as a result of operating income not being sufficient to cover cash interest expense. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company used cash of $454.4 million for operating activities, which included cash paid for interest of $876.0 million. The Company's current forecast indicates it will continue to incur net losses and generate negative cash flows from operating activities as a result of the Company's indebtedness and significant related interest expense. During the six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company spent $905.2 million of cash on payments of principal and interest on its debt and anticipates having approximately $549.9 million and $337.4 million of cash interest payment obligations for each of the quarters ended September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2017, respectively. At June 30, 2017, the Company had debt maturities totaling $317.6 million, $324.0 million (net of $261.5 million due to certain of our subsidiaries) and $8,368.9 million in 2017, 2018 and 2019, respectively. On July 10, 2017, the Company exchanged $15.6 million in aggregate principal amount of 11.25% Priority Guarantee Notes due 2021 that were held by a subsidiary of the Company for $15.6 million of aggregate principal amount outstanding of its 10.0% Senior Notes due 2018 that were held by an unaffiliated third-party. On July 31, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $60.0 million under its receivables based credit facility. After the exchange and after the additional borrowings under the receivables based credit facility, the Company's debt maturities in the next 12 months include $365.0 million outstanding under our receivables based credit facility, which matures on December 24, 2017, $96.5 million of 10% Senior Notes due January 15, 2018 and $175.0 million of 6.875% Senior Notes due June 15, 2018. The Company's forecast also includes approximately $1.8 billion in cash interest payments in the next 12 months, of which $549.9 million and $337.4 million is payable in the third and fourth quarters of 2017, respectively. These factors indicate that, if the Company is unable to refinance or extend our receivable based credit facility, the 10% Senior Notes due January 15, 2018, and/or the 6.875% Senior Notes due June 15, 2018 and take other steps to create additional liquidity, forecasted cash flows would not be sufficient for the Company to meet its obligations, including upcoming interest payments and maturities on the Company's outstanding debt, as they become due in the ordinary course of business for a period of 12 months following August 3, 2017. As discussed below, the Company has plans to reduce its principal and interest obligations and to create additional liquidity.
The Company plans to refinance or extend the receivables based credit facility to a date at least 12 months after August 3, 2017 with terms similar to the facility’s current terms. The Company has successfully extended the maturity date of this receivables based credit facility in the past, and the facility has a first-priority lien on our accounts receivable and the accounts receivable of certain of our subsidiaries. In addition, management is taking actions to create additional liquidity and maximize cash available to meet the Company’s obligations as they become due in the ordinary course of business, including the Company's cash interest payment obligations of $549.9 million and $337.4 million in the third and fourth quarters of 2017, respectively, the payment of the $96.5 million principal amount of 10% Senior Notes due January 15, 2018 at maturity and the payment of the $175.0 million 6.875% Senior Notes due June 15, 2018 at maturity. In addition, as more fully described in Note 3, the Company launched notes exchange offers and term loan offers in March 2017, which notes exchange offers and term loan offers remain open as of August 3, 2017. These actions are intended to mitigate those conditions which raise substantial doubt of the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for a period within 12 months following August 3, 2017.
While the Company continues to work toward completing the notes exchange offers and the term loan offers, refinancing or extending the maturity of the receivables based credit facility on similar terms, and taking other actions to create additional liquidity, there is no assurance that the notes exchange offers and the term loan offers, which have been revised since launch and are subject to substantial further revision, will be completed or that the receivables based credit facility will be refinanced or extended on similar terms. The Company’s ability to meet its obligations as they become due in the ordinary course of business for the next 12 months will depend on its ability to achieve forecasted results, its ability to conserve cash, its ability to refinance or extend the maturity of its receivables based credit facility on similar terms, and its ability to successfully complete the notes exchange offers and the term loan offers and achieve sufficient cash interest savings therefrom and its ability to complete other liquidity-generating transactions. Based on the uncertainty of achieving these actions and the significance of the forecasted future negative cash flows resulting from the Company's substantial debt balance, including anticipated future cash interest payments (including interest due in the third and fourth quarters of 2017) and the maturities of the $365.0 million in current borrowings under the Company's receivables based credit facility that matures December 24, 2017, the $96.5 million aggregate principal amount of 10% Senior Notes due January 15, 2018 and the $175.0 million aggregate principal amount of 6.875%Senior Notes due June 15, 2018,

5



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

management has determined that there is substantial doubt as to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for a period of 12 months following August 3, 2017.
New Accounting Pronouncements
During the third quarter of 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date. This update provides a one-year deferral of the effective date for ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.  ASU No. 2014-09 provides guidance for the recognition, measurement and disclosure of revenue resulting from contracts with customers and will supersede virtually all of the current revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP.  The standard is effective for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The two permitted transition methods under the new standard are the full retrospective method, in which case the standard would be applied to each prior reporting period presented and the cumulative effect of applying the standard would be recognized at the earliest period shown, or the modified retrospective method, in which case the cumulative effect of applying the standard would be recognized at the date of initial application. The Company expects to utilize the full retrospective method. The Company has substantially completed its evaluation of the potential changes from adopting the new standard on its future financial reporting and disclosures, which included reviews of contractual terms for all of the Company’s significant revenue streams and the development of an implementation plan. The Company continues to execute on its implementation plan, including detailed policy drafting and training of segment personnel. Based on its evaluation, the Company does not expect material changes to its 2016 or 2017 consolidated revenues, operating income or balance sheets as a result of the implementation of this standard.
During the first quarter of 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The new leasing standard presents significant changes to the balance sheets of lessees. Lessor accounting is updated to align with certain changes in the lessee model and the new revenue recognition standard which was issued in the third quarter of 2015. The standard is effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
During the first quarter of 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350). This update eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. The standard is effective for annual and any interim impairment tests performed for periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
During the second quarter of 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718). This update mandates that entities will apply the modification accounting guidance if the value, vesting conditions or classification of a stock-based award changes. Entities will have to make all of the disclosures about modifications that are required today, in addition to disclosing that compensation expense hasn't changed. Additionally, the new guidance also clarifies that a modification to an award could be significant and therefore require disclosure, even if the modification accounting is not required. The guidance will be applied prospectively to awards modified on or after the adoption date and is effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
NOTE 2 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
Dispositions
In January 2017, Americas outdoor sold its Indianapolis, Indiana market to Fairway Media Group, LLC in exchange for certain assets in Atlanta, Georgia with a fair value of $39.4 million, plus $43.1 million in cash, net of closing costs. The assets acquired as part of the transaction consisted of $9.9 million in fixed assets and $29.5 million in intangible assets (including $2.3 million in goodwill). The Company recognized a net gain of $28.9 million related to the sale, which is included within Other operating income, net.

6



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

Property, Plant and Equipment
The Company’s property, plant and equipment consisted of the following classes of assets as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively:
(In thousands)
June 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Land, buildings and improvements
$
572,691

 
$
570,566

Structures
2,777,063

 
2,684,673

Towers, transmitters and studio equipment
353,983

 
350,760

Furniture and other equipment
671,255

 
622,848

Construction in progress
97,437

 
91,655

 
4,472,429

 
4,320,502

Less: accumulated depreciation
2,545,770

 
2,372,340

Property, plant and equipment, net
$
1,926,659

 
$
1,948,162

Indefinite-lived Intangible Assets
The Company’s indefinite-lived intangible assets consist of Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) broadcast licenses in its iHM segment and billboard permits in its Americas outdoor advertising segment. Due to significant differences in both business practices and regulations, billboards in the International outdoor segment are subject to long-term, finite contracts unlike the Company’s permits in the United States and Canada.  Accordingly, there are no indefinite-lived intangible assets in the International outdoor segment.
Other Intangible Assets
Other intangible assets include definite-lived intangible assets and permanent easements.  The Company’s definite-lived intangible assets primarily include transit and street furniture contracts, talent and representation contracts, customer and advertiser relationships, and site-leases and other contractual rights, all of which are amortized over the shorter of either the respective lives of the agreements or over the period of time the assets are expected to contribute directly or indirectly to the Company’s future cash flows. Permanent easements are indefinite-lived intangible assets which include certain rights to use real property not owned by the Company.  The Company periodically reviews the appropriateness of the amortization periods related to its definite-lived intangible assets.  These assets are recorded at cost.
The following table presents the gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization for each major class of other intangible assets as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively:
(In thousands)
June 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
Transit, street furniture and other outdoor
contractual rights
$
583,567

 
$
(456,984
)
 
$
563,863

 
$
(426,752
)
Customer / advertiser relationships
1,222,971

 
(1,072,975
)
 
1,222,519

 
(1,012,380
)
Talent contracts
319,384

 
(289,099
)
 
319,384

 
(281,060
)
Representation contracts
253,234

 
(233,646
)
 
253,511

 
(229,413
)
Permanent easements
162,937

 

 
159,782

 

Other
389,814

 
(230,978
)
 
390,171

 
(219,117
)
Total
$
2,931,907

 
$
(2,283,682
)
 
$
2,909,230

 
$
(2,168,722
)
Total amortization expense related to definite-lived intangible assets for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 was $49.6 million and $56.8 million, respectively. Total amortization expense related to definite-lived intangible assets for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 was $98.7 million and $112.1 million, respectively.

7



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

As acquisitions and dispositions occur in the future, amortization expense may vary.  The following table presents the Company’s estimate of amortization expense for each of the five succeeding fiscal years for definite-lived intangible assets:
(In thousands)
 
2018
$
127,984

2019
44,917

2020
38,273

2021
34,703

2022
29,889

Goodwill
The following table presents the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill in each of the Company’s reportable segments:
(In thousands)
iHM
 
Americas Outdoor Advertising
 
International Outdoor Advertising
 
Other
 
Consolidated
Balance as of December 31, 2015
$
3,288,481

 
$
534,683

 
$
223,892

 
$
81,831

 
$
4,128,887

Impairment

 

 
(7,274
)
 

 
(7,274
)
Dispositions

 
(6,934
)
 
(30,718
)
 

 
(37,652
)
Foreign currency

 
(1,998
)
 
(5,051
)
 

 
(7,049
)
Assets held for sale

 
(10,337
)
 

 

 
(10,337
)
Balance as of December 31, 2016
$
3,288,481

 
$
515,414

 
$
180,849

 
$
81,831

 
$
4,066,575

Acquisitions

 
2,252

 

 

 
2,252

Dispositions

 

 
(1,817
)
 

 
(1,817
)
Foreign currency

 
709

 
13,118

 

 
13,827

Assets held for sale

 
89

 

 

 
89

Balance as of June 30, 2017
$
3,288,481

 
$
518,464

 
$
192,150

 
$
81,831

 
$
4,080,926


8



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 3 – LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt outstanding as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 consisted of the following:
(In thousands)
June 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Senior Secured Credit Facilities(1)
$
6,300,000

 
$
6,300,000

Receivables Based Credit Facility Due 2017(2)
305,000

 
330,000

9.0% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2019
1,999,815

 
1,999,815

9.0% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2021
1,750,000

 
1,750,000

11.25% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2021
809,946

 
575,000

9.0% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2022
1,000,000

 
1,000,000

10.625% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2023
950,000

 
950,000

Subsidiary Revolving Credit Facility Due 2018(3)

 

Other secured subsidiary debt(4)
14,609

 
20,987

Total consolidated secured debt
13,129,370

 
12,925,802

 
 
 
 
14.0% Senior Notes Due 2021(5)
1,746,460

 
1,729,168

Legacy Notes(6)
475,000

 
475,000

10.0% Senior Notes Due 2018
112,082

 
347,028

Subsidiary Senior Notes due 2022
2,725,000

 
2,725,000

Subsidiary Senior Subordinated Notes due 2020
2,200,000

 
2,200,000

Clear Channel International B.V. Senior Notes due 2020
225,000

 
225,000

Other subsidiary debt
29,608

 
27,954

Purchase accounting adjustments and original issue discount
(154,916
)
 
(166,961
)
Long-term debt fees
(106,725
)
 
(123,003
)
Total debt
20,380,879

 
20,364,988

Less: current portion
585,453

 
342,908

Total long-term debt
$
19,795,426

 
$
20,022,080

(1)
Term Loan D and Term Loan E mature in 2019.
(2)
The Receivables Based Credit Facility, which matures December 24, 2017, provides for borrowings up to the lesser of $535.0 million (the revolving credit commitment) or the borrowing base, subject to certain limitations contained in the Company's material financing agreements.
(3)
The Subsidiary Revolving Credit Facility provides for borrowings up to $75.0 million (the revolving credit commitment).
(4)
Other secured subsidiary debt matures at various dates from 2017 through 2045.
(5)
The 14.0% Senior Notes due 2021 are subject to required payments at various dates from 2018 through 2021. 2.0% per annum of the interest is paid through the issuance of payment-in-kind notes in the first and third quarters.
(6)
The Company's Legacy Notes, all of which were issued prior to the acquisition of the Company by Parent in 2008, consist of Senior Notes maturing at various dates in 2018 and 2027, as well as $57.1 million of Senior Notes due 2016 held by a subsidiary of the Company that remain outstanding but are eliminated for purposes of consolidation of the Company’s financial statements.

The Company’s weighted average interest rate was 8.7% and 8.5% as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. The aggregate market value of the Company’s debt based on market prices for which quotes were available was approximately $16.2 billion and $16.7 billion as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. Under the fair value hierarchy established by ASC 820-10-35, the market value of the Company’s debt is classified as either Level 1 or Level 2.
On January 31, 2017, the Company repaid $25.0 million of the amount borrowed under its receivables based credit facility. As of June 30, 2017, the Company had outstanding borrowings under this facility of $305.0 million. On July 31, 2017, the Company

9



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

borrowed an additional $60.0 million on its receivables based credit facility, bringing the total amount outstanding under this facility as of August 3, 2017 to $365.0 million
On February 7, 2017, the Company completed an exchange offer by issuing $234.9 million in aggregate principal amount of 11.25% Priority Guarantee Notes due 2021 in exchange for $234.9 million of aggregate principal amount outstanding of its 10.0% Senior Notes due 2018.
On March 15, 2017, the Company commenced exchange offers (the “notes exchange offers”) to exchange certain series of its outstanding debt securities (the “Existing Notes”) for new securities of the Company and CC Outdoor Holdings, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, and concurrent consent solicitations with respect to the terms of the Existing Notes. On March 15, 2017, the Company also commenced offers (the “term loan offers”) to amend its outstanding Term Loan D and Term Loan E under its senior secured credit facilities and/or to issue new securities of Parent, CC Outdoor Holdings, Inc., Broader Media, LLC and/or the Company to the lenders depending on the scenario in which the notes exchange offers and the term loan offers close. The terms of the notes exchange offers and the term loan offers have been revised and are subject to substantial further revision, and the offers may never be consummated, on the terms currently proposed or otherwise. Both the notes exchange offers and the term loan offers were open as of August 3, 2017.
On July 10, 2017, the Company exchanged $15.6 million in aggregate principal amount of 11.25% Priority Guarantee Notes due 2021 that were held by a subsidiary of the Company for $15.6 million of aggregate principal amount outstanding of its 10.0% Senior Notes due 2018 that were held by an unaffiliated third party.
Surety Bonds, Letters of Credit and Guarantees
As of June 30, 2017, the Company and its subsidiaries had outstanding surety bonds, commercial standby letters of credit and bank guarantees of $60.7 million, $113.6 million and $33.1 million, respectively. Bank guarantees and letters of credit of $15.9 million and $5.0 million, respectively, were backed by cash collateral. These surety bonds, letters of credit and bank guarantees relate to various operational matters including insurance, bid, concession and performance bonds as well as other items.
NOTE 4 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
The Company and its subsidiaries are involved in certain legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business and, as required, have accrued an estimate of the probable costs for the resolution of those claims for which the occurrence of loss is probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. These estimates have been developed in consultation with counsel and are based upon an analysis of potential results, assuming a combination of litigation and settlement strategies. It is possible, however, that future results of operations for any particular period could be materially affected by changes in the Company’s assumptions or the effectiveness of its strategies related to these proceedings. Additionally, due to the inherent uncertainty of litigation, there can be no assurance that the resolution of any particular claim or proceeding would not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.
Although the Company is involved in a variety of legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business, a large portion of the Company’s litigation arises in the following contexts: commercial disputes; defamation matters; employment and benefits related claims; governmental fines; intellectual property claims; and tax disputes.
International Outdoor Investigation
On April 21, 2015, inspections were conducted at the premises of Clear Channel in Denmark and Sweden as part of an investigation by Danish competition authorities.  Additionally, on the same day, Clear Channel UK received a communication from the UK competition authorities, also in connection with the investigation by Danish competition authorities. Clear Channel and its affiliates are cooperating with the national competition authorities.
Stockholder Litigation
On May 9, 2016, a stockholder of Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings, Inc. ("CCOH") filed a derivative lawsuit in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, captioned GAMCO Asset Management Inc. v. iHeartMedia Inc. et al., C.A. No. 12312-VCS. The complaint names as defendants the Company, Parent, Bain Capital Partners, LLC and Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P. (together, the "Sponsor Defendants"), Parent's private equity sponsors and majority owners, and the members of CCOH's board of directors. CCOH also is named as a nominal defendant. The complaint alleges that CCOH has been harmed by the intercompany agreements with the Company, CCOH’s lack of autonomy over its own cash and the actions of the defendants in serving the interests of the

10



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

Company, Parent and the Sponsor Defendants to the detriment of CCOH and its minority stockholders. Specifically, the complaint alleges that the defendants have breached their fiduciary duties by causing CCOH to: (i) continue to loan cash to us under the intercompany note at below-market rates; (ii) abandon its growth and acquisition strategies in favor of transactions that would provide cash to the Company and Parent; (iii) issue new debt in the CCIBV note offering (the "CCIBV Note Offering") to provide cash to the Company and Parent through a dividend; and (iv) effect the sales of certain outdoor markets in the U.S. (the "Outdoor Asset Sales") allegedly to provide cash to the Company and Parent through a dividend. The complaint also alleges that the Company, Parent and the Sponsor Defendants aided and abetted the directors' breaches of their fiduciary duties. The complaint further alleges that the Company, Parent and the Sponsor Defendants were unjustly enriched as a result of these transactions and that these transactions constituted a waste of corporate assets for which the defendants are liable to CCOH. The plaintiff is seeking, among other things, a ruling that the defendants breached their fiduciary duties to CCOH and that the Company, Parent and the Sponsor Defendants aided and abetted the CCOH board of directors' breaches of fiduciary duty, rescission of payments made by CCOH to the Company and our affiliates pursuant to dividends declared in connection with the CCIBV Note Offering and Outdoor Asset Sales, and an order requiring the Company, Parent and the Sponsor Defendants to disgorge all profits they have received as a result of the alleged fiduciary misconduct.
On July 20, 2016, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss plaintiff's verified stockholder derivative complaint for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. On November 23, 2016, the Court granted defendants' motion to dismiss all claims brought by the plaintiff. On December 19, 2016, the plaintiff filed a notice of appeal of the ruling. This appeal is pending before the Court.
NOTE 5 – INCOME TAXES
Income Tax Expense
The Company’s income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, consisted of the following components:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Current tax expense
$
(18,875
)
 
$
(36,252
)
 
$
(44,987
)
 
$
(47,001
)
Deferred tax benefit (expense)
1,467

 
9,115

 
(3,105
)
 
10,371

Income tax expense
$
(17,408
)
 
$
(27,137
)
 
$
(48,092
)
 
$
(36,630
)
The effective tax rates for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 were (11.6)% and (10.9)%, respectively. The effective tax rates for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 were (9.5)% and (12.3)%, respectively. The 2017 and 2016 effective tax rates were primarily impacted by the valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets resulting from current period net operating losses in U.S. federal, state and certain foreign jurisdictions due to uncertainty regarding the Company's ability to realize those assets in future periods.

11



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 6 – STOCKHOLDER’S DEFICIT
The Company reports its noncontrolling interests in consolidated subsidiaries as a component of equity separate from the Company’s equity.  The following table shows the changes in stockholder's deficit attributable to the Company and the noncontrolling interests of subsidiaries in which the Company has a majority, but not total, ownership interest:
(In thousands)
The Company
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Consolidated
Balance as of January 1, 2017
$
(11,021,253
)
 
$
135,778

 
$
(10,885,475
)
Net income (loss)
(562,252
)
 
6,655

 
(555,597
)
Dividends and other payments to noncontrolling interests

 
(34,552
)
 
(34,552
)
Share-based compensation
1,222

 
4,259

 
5,481

Purchases of additional noncontrolling interest
137

 
(137
)
 

Disposal of noncontrolling interest

 
(1,046
)
 
(1,046
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
25,446

 
6,209

 
31,655

Unrealized holding gain on marketable securities
92

 
10

 
102

Reclassification adjustments
(1,478
)
 
(166
)
 
(1,644
)
Other, net
(190
)
 
(947
)
 
(1,137
)
Balances as of June 30, 2017
$
(11,558,276
)
 
$
116,063

 
$
(11,442,213
)
(In thousands)
The Company
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Consolidated
Balance as of January 1, 2016
$
(10,784,841
)
 
$
178,160

 
$
(10,606,681
)
Net income (loss)
(367,396
)
 
32,479

 
(334,917
)
Dividends and other payments to noncontrolling interests

 
(60,208
)
 
(60,208
)
Share-based compensation
1,417

 
5,449

 
6,866

Foreign currency translation adjustments
34,803

 
1,638

 
36,441

Unrealized holding loss on marketable securities
(310
)
 
(35
)
 
(345
)
Reclassification adjustments
28,919

 
3,905

 
32,824

Other adjustments to comprehensive loss
(3,367
)
 
(378
)
 
(3,745
)
Other, net
(1,256
)
 
814

 
(442
)
Balances as of June 30, 2016
$
(11,092,031
)
 
$
161,824

 
$
(10,930,207
)
The Company does not have any compensation plans under which it grants awards to employees. Parent has granted restricted stock and CCOH has granted restricted stock, restricted stock units and options to purchase shares of CCOH's Class A common stock to certain key individuals.
NOTE 7 — OTHER INFORMATION
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
There was no change in deferred income tax liabilities resulting from adjustments to comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017. The total increase in deferred income tax liabilities of other adjustments to comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was $0.8 million.
Trade and Barter
Trade and barter transactions represent the exchange of advertising spots or display space for merchandise, services or other assets in the ordinary course of business.  These transactions are recorded at the estimated fair market value of the advertising spots or display space or the fair value of the merchandise or services or other assets received, whichever is most readily determinable. 

12



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

Trade and barter revenues and expenses from continuing operations are included in consolidated revenue and selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively.
Trade and barter revenues for the Company were $47.4 million and $28.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $112.5 million and $75.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Trade and barter expenses for the Company were $36.5 million and $23.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $92.6 million and $58.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Trade and barter revenues for our iHeartMedia segment were $42.2 million and $27.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $103.3 million and $72.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Trade and barter expenses for our iHeartMedia segment were $34.2 million and $21.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $86.5 million and $54.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
NOTE 8 – SEGMENT DATA
The Company’s reportable segments, which it believes best reflect how the Company is currently managed, are iHM, Americas outdoor advertising and International outdoor advertising.  Revenue and expenses earned and charged between segments are recorded at estimated fair value and eliminated in consolidation.  The iHM segment provides media and entertainment services via broadcast and digital delivery and also includes the Company’s events and national syndication businesses.  The Americas outdoor advertising segment consists of operations primarily in the United States, Canada and Latin America.  The International outdoor advertising segment primarily includes operations in Europe and Asia.  The Other category includes the Company’s media representation business as well as other general support services and initiatives that are ancillary to the Company’s other businesses.  Corporate includes infrastructure and support, including information technology, human resources, legal, finance and administrative functions for each of the Company’s reportable segments, as well as overall executive, administrative and support functions. Share-based payments are recorded in corporate expense.

13



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

The following table presents the Company's reportable segment results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016:
(In thousands)
iHM
 
Americas Outdoor
 
International Outdoor
 
Other
 
Corporate and other reconciling items
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
Revenue
$
884,380

 
$
323,960

 
$
348,359

 
$
35,609

 
$

 
$
(1,940
)
 
$
1,590,368

Direct operating expenses
264,201

 
145,099

 
205,074

 
3

 

 

 
614,377

Selling, general and administrative expenses
298,842

 
54,763

 
71,135

 
23,580

 

 
(1,030
)
 
447,290

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 
78,068

 
(910
)
 
77,158

Depreciation and amortization
58,820

 
45,359

 
31,590

 
3,835

 
8,191

 

 
147,795

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 
6,916

 

 
6,916

Operating income (loss)
$
262,517

 
$
78,739

 
$
40,560

 
$
8,191

 
$
(79,343
)
 
$

 
$
310,664

Intersegment revenues
$

 
$
1,940

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,940

Capital expenditures
$
17,107

 
$
26,935

 
$
35,816

 
$
304

 
$
5,431

 
$

 
$
85,593

Share-based compensation expense
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,422

 
$

 
$
2,422

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016
Revenue
$
867,914

 
$
325,533

 
$
382,553

 
$
39,066

 
$

 
$
(594
)
 
$
1,614,472

Direct operating expenses
250,367

 
140,038

 
221,963

 
818

 

 

 
613,186

Selling, general and administrative expenses
271,719

 
57,831

 
77,736

 
27,889

 

 
(594
)
 
434,581

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 
87,657

 

 
87,657

Depreciation and amortization
62,998

 
47,525

 
38,177

 
4,710

 
8,734

 

 
162,144

Other operating expense, net

 

 

 

 
(64,190
)
 

 
(64,190
)
Operating income (loss)
$
282,830

 
$
80,139

 
$
44,677

 
$
5,649

 
$
(160,581
)
 
$

 
$
252,714

Intersegment revenues
$

 
$
594

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
594

Capital expenditures
$
14,275

 
$
17,402

 
$
31,771

 
$
1,111

 
$
2,367

 
$

 
$
66,926

Share-based compensation expense
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,792

 
$

 
$
3,792


14



IHEARTCOMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

(In thousands)
iHM
 
Americas Outdoor
 
International Outdoor
 
Other
 
Corporate and other reconciling items
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Six Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
1,641,553

 
$
603,380

 
$
613,665

 
$
64,880

 
$

 
$
(3,788
)
 
$
2,919,690

Direct operating expenses
507,532

 
285,572

 
392,532

 
3

 

 

 
1,185,639

Selling, general and administrative expenses
606,993

 
110,849

 
130,823

 
51,221

 

 
(1,977
)
 
897,909

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 
157,331

 
(1,811
)
 
155,520

Depreciation and amortization
116,857

 
90,654

 
62,263

 
7,204

 
16,923

 

 
293,901

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 
38,000

 

 
38,000

Operating income (loss)
$
410,171

 
$
116,305

 
$
28,047

 
$
6,452

 
$
(136,254
)
 
$

 
$
424,721

Intersegment revenues
$

 
$
3,788

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,788

Capital expenditures
$
30,344

 
$
41,039

 
$
57,640

 
$
367

 
$
7,230

 
$

 
$
136,620

Share-based compensation expense
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
5,481

 
$

 
$
5,481

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
1,606,800

 
$
608,061

 
$
689,039

 
$
73,249

 
$

 
$
(879
)
 
$
2,976,270

Direct operating expenses
474,429

 
278,050

 
425,938

 
1,433

 

 

 
1,179,850

Selling, general and administrative expenses
543,732

 
113,160

 
149,208

 
54,928

 

 
(879
)
 
860,149

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 
165,516

 

 
165,516

Depreciation and amortization
121,815

 
93,641

 
76,057

 
8,326

 
17,761

 

 
317,600

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 
220,273

 

 
220,273

Operating income (loss)
$
466,824

 
$
123,210

 
$
37,836

 
$
8,562

 
$
36,996

 
$

 
$
673,428

Intersegment revenues
$

 
$
879

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
879

Capital expenditures
$
23,065

 
$
28,694

 
$
66,684

 
$
1,176

 
$
4,086

 
$

 
$
123,705

Share-based compensation expense
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
6,866

 
$

 
$
6,866


NOTE 9 – CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Parent is a party to a management agreement with certain affiliates of Bain Capital Partners, LLC and Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P. (together, the "Sponsors") and certain other parties pursuant to which such affiliates of the Sponsors will provide management and financial advisory services until 2018. These agreements require management fees to be paid to such affiliates of the Sponsors for such services at a rate not greater than $15.0 million per year, plus reimbursable expenses. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company recognized management fees and reimbursable expenses of $3.8 million and $7.6 million, and $3.8 million and $7.6 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively.


15



ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Format of Presentation
Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related footnotes contained in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.  Our discussion is presented on both a consolidated and segment basis. Our reportable segments are iHeartMedia (“iHM”), Americas outdoor advertising (“Americas outdoor” or “Americas outdoor advertising”) and International outdoor advertising (“International outdoor” or “International outdoor advertising”). Our iHM segment provides media and entertainment services via live broadcast and digital delivery, and also includes our national syndication business. Our Americas outdoor and International outdoor segments provide outdoor advertising services in their respective geographic regions using various digital and traditional display types. Included in the “Other” category is our media representation business, Katz Media Group, which is ancillary to our other businesses.
We manage our operating segments by focusing primarily on their operating income, while Corporate expenses, Other operating income (expense), net, Interest expense, Gain on marketable securities, Equity in earnings (loss) of nonconsolidated affiliates, Loss on extinguishment of debt, Other income, net and Income tax expense are managed on a total company basis and are, therefore, included only in our discussion of consolidated results.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2017 presentation.
Our iHM strategy centers on delivering entertaining and informative content across multiple platforms, including broadcast, mobile and digital, as well as events. Our primary source of revenue is derived from selling local and national advertising time on our radio stations, with contracts typically less than one year in duration. The programming formats of our radio stations are designed to reach audiences with targeted demographic characteristics. We are working closely with our advertising and marketing partners to develop tools and leverage data to enable advertisers to effectively reach their desired audiences. We continue to expand the choices for listeners and we deliver our content and sell advertising across multiple distribution channels including digitally via our iHeartRadio mobile application and other digital platforms which reach national, regional and local audiences. We also generate revenues from network syndication, our nationally recognized live events, our station websites and other miscellaneous transactions.
Management typically monitors our outdoor advertising business by reviewing the average rates, average revenue per display, occupancy and inventory levels of each of our display types by market. Our outdoor advertising revenue is derived from selling advertising space on the displays we own or operate in key markets worldwide, consisting primarily of billboards, street furniture and transit displays.  Part of our long-term strategy for our outdoor advertising businesses is to pursue the technology of digital displays, including flat screens, LCDs and LEDs, as additions to traditional methods of displaying our clients’ advertisements. We are currently installing these technologies in certain markets, both domestically and internationally.
Our advertising revenue for all of our segments is highly correlated to changes in gross domestic product (“GDP”) as advertising spending has historically trended in line with GDP, both domestically and internationally.  Internationally, our results are impacted by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates as well as the economic conditions in the foreign markets in which we have operations.
Executive Summary
The key developments that impacted our business are summarized below:
Consolidated revenue decreased $24.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $15.5 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated revenue decreased $8.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016, primarily due to the sales of certain outdoor businesses, which generated $36.1 million in revenue in three months ended June 30, 2016.
On July, 31, 2017, the Company borrowed an additional $60.0 million on its receivables based credit facility that matures December 24, 2017.

Revenues and expenses “excluding the impact of foreign exchange movements” in this Management’s Discussion & Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations are presented because management believes that viewing certain financial results without the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency rates facilitates period to period comparisons of business performance and provides useful information to investors.  Revenues and expenses “excluding the impact of foreign exchange movements” are calculated by converting the current period’s revenues and expenses in local currency to U.S. dollars using average foreign exchange rates for the prior period. 

16



Consolidated Results of Operations
The comparison of our historical results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 to the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 is as follows:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Revenue
$
1,590,368

 
$
1,614,472

 
(1.5)%
 
$
2,919,690

 
$
2,976,270

 
(1.9)%
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct operating expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
614,377

 
613,186

 
0.2%
 
1,185,639

 
1,179,850

 
0.5%
Selling, general and administrative expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
447,290

 
434,581

 
2.9%
 
897,909

 
860,149

 
4.4%
Corporate expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
77,158

 
87,657

 
(12.0)%
 
155,520

 
165,516

 
(6.0)%
Depreciation and amortization
147,795

 
162,144

 
(8.8)%
 
293,901

 
317,600

 
(7.5)%
Other operating income (expense), net
6,916

 
(64,190
)
 
 
 
38,000

 
220,273

 
 
Operating income
310,664

 
252,714

 
22.9%
 
424,721

 
673,428

 
(36.9)%
Interest expense
463,160

 
465,991

 
 
 
918,497

 
929,941

 
 
Equity in earnings (loss) of nonconsolidated affiliates
240

 
(1,610
)
 
 
 
(2
)
 
(2,043
)
 
 
Other income (expense), net
1,647

 
(34,019
)
 
 
 
(13,727
)
 
(39,731
)
 
 
Loss before income taxes
(150,609
)
 
(248,906
)
 
 
 
(507,505
)
 
(298,287
)
 
 
Income tax expense
(17,408
)
 
(27,137
)
 
 
 
(48,092
)
 
(36,630
)
 
 
Consolidated net loss
(168,017
)
 
(276,043
)
 
 
 
(555,597
)
 
(334,917
)
 
 
Less amount attributable to noncontrolling interest
6,020

 
2,857

 
 
 
6,655

 
32,479

 
 
Net loss attributable to the Company
$
(174,037
)
 
$
(278,900
)
 
 
 
$
(562,252
)
 
$
(367,396
)
 
 
Consolidated Revenue
Consolidated revenue decreased $24.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $15.5 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated revenue decreased $8.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Revenue growth from our iHM business was offset by lower revenue generated by our International outdoor businesses as a result of the sales of certain outdoor businesses, which generated $36.1 million in revenue in the three months ended June 30, 2016.
Consolidated revenue decreased $56.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $28.3 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated revenue decreased $28.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Revenue growth from our iHM business was offset by lower revenue generated by our Americas and International outdoor businesses as a result of the sales of certain outdoor markets and businesses, which generated $73.9 million in revenue in the six months ended June 30, 2016.
Consolidated Direct Operating Expenses
Consolidated direct operating expenses increased $1.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $9.3 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated direct operating expenses increased $10.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Higher direct operating expenses in our iHM business and International outdoor business were partially offset by the impact of the sale of our businesses in Australia and Turkey in 2016.
Consolidated direct operating expenses increased $5.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $18.5 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated direct operating expenses increased $24.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016.

17



Higher direct operating expenses in our iHM business and International outdoor business were partially offset by the impact of the sale of our businesses in Australia and Turkey in 2016.
Consolidated Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses
Consolidated SG&A expenses increased $12.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $3.0 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated SG&A expenses increased $15.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Higher SG&A expenses primarily driven by trade and barter expenses in our iHM business were partially offset by decreases in SG&A expenses in our Americas outdoor business, as well as in our International outdoor business resulting from the sale of our businesses in Australia and Turkey in 2016.
Consolidated SG&A expenses increased $37.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $5.6 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated SG&A expenses increased $43.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Higher SG&A expenses were primarily driven by trade and barter expenses in our iHM business and were partially offset by a decrease in SG&A expenses resulting primarily from the sale of our businesses in Australia and Turkey in 2016.
Corporate Expenses
Corporate expenses decreased $10.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $0.8 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, corporate expenses decreased $9.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016 primarily resulting from lower spending on professional fees, partially offset by higher spending on our strategic revenue and efficiency initiatives.
Corporate expenses decreased $10.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $1.9 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, corporate expenses decreased $8.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. For the six month period ended June 30, 2016, professional fees incurred in connection with our capital structure were reflected as part of Corporate expenses. For the six month period ended June 30, 2017, we incurred professional fees directly related to the notes exchange offers and term loan offers and, accordingly, such fees are reflected in Other Income (Expense), net as further discussed below. The reduction in Corporate expenses is partially offset by higher spending on strategic revenue and efficiency initiatives.
Strategic Revenue and Efficiency Initiatives
Included in the amounts for direct operating expenses, SG&A and corporate expenses discussed above are expenses incurred in connection with our strategic revenue and efficiency initiatives. These costs consist primarily of severance related to workforce initiatives, consolidation of locations and positions, contract cancellation costs, consulting expenses, and other costs incurred in connection with improving our businesses. These costs are expected to provide benefits in future periods as the initiative results are realized.
Strategic revenue and efficiency costs were $13.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017. Of these expenses, $8.9 million was incurred by our iHM segment, $0.3 million was incurred by our Americas outdoor segment, $1.1 million was incurred by our International outdoor segment, $0.5 million was incurred by our Other category and $2.3 million was incurred by Corporate. Additionally, $5.6 million of these costs are reported within direct operating expenses, $5.2 million are reported within SG&A and $2.3 million are reported within corporate expenses. 
Strategic revenue and efficiency costs were $6.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016. Of these expenses, $5.6 million was incurred by our iHM segment, $0.6 million was incurred by our Americas outdoor segment, $0.6 million was incurred by our International outdoor segment and $0.1 million was incurred by Corporate. Additionally, $2.3 million of these costs are reported within direct operating expenses, $4.5 million are reported within SG&A and $0.1 million are reported within corporate expenses.
Strategic revenue and efficiency costs were $25.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017. Of these expenses, $12.0 million was incurred by our iHM segment, $1.0 million was incurred by our Americas outdoor segment, $4.0 million was incurred by our International outdoor segment, $4.1 million was incurred by our Other category and $3.9 million was incurred by Corporate. Additionally, $8.8 million of these costs are reported within direct operating expenses, $12.3 million are reported within SG&A and $3.9 million are reported within corporate expenses. 
Strategic revenue and efficiency costs were $13.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016. Of these expenses, $9.2 million was incurred by our iHM segment, $1.7 million was incurred by our Americas outdoor segment, $1.5 million was incurred by our International outdoor segment, $0.3 million was incurred by our Other segment and $0.8 million was incurred by

18



Corporate. Additionally, $5.2 million of these costs are reported within direct operating expenses, $7.5 million are reported within SG&A and $0.8 million are reported within corporate expenses.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization decreased $14.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017, compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease was primarily due to assets becoming fully depreciated or fully amortized and the disposal of assets related to the sale of our Australia and Turkey businesses in 2016.
Depreciation and amortization decreased $23.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017, compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease was primarily due to assets becoming fully depreciated or fully amortized and the disposal of assets related to the sale of our outdoor non-strategic U.S. markets and Australia and Turkey businesses in 2016.
Other Operating Income, Net
Other operating income, net was $6.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017, which primarily related to the gain of $6.8 million recognized on the sale of our ownership interest in a joint venture in Belgium during the second quarter of 2017. Other operating income, net of $38.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 primarily related to the sale in the first quarter of 2017 of the Americas outdoor Indianapolis market exchanged for certain assets in Atlanta, Georgia, plus $43.1 million in cash, net of closing costs, resulting in a net gain of $28.9 million.
Other operating expense of $64.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016, primarily related to the net loss on the sale of operating assets including the sale of our Turkey outdoor business, resulting in a net loss of $56.6 million which includes cumulative translation adjustments of $32.2 million. Other operating income of $220.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016, primarily related to the sale of nine non-strategic outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016, partially offset by the loss on the sale of our Australia and Turkey businesses.
Interest Expense
Interest expense decreased $2.8 million and decreased $11.4 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, compared to the same periods of 2016. The decrease is primarily due to settlements of long-term debt in 2016, partially offset by an increase in variable interest rates, resulting from an increase in LIBOR.
Other Income (Expense), net
Other income, net was $1.6 million and other expense, net was $13.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively. These amounts relate primarily to net foreign exchange gains of $9.1 million and $12.3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, recognized in connection with intercompany notes denominated in foreign currencies, offset by expenses incurred in connection with the notes exchange offers and term loan offers of $7.1 million and $23.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, as described in "Liquidity and Capital Resources - Notes Exchange Offers and Term Loan Offers".
Other expense, net was $34.0 million and $39.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively, which primarily related to net foreign exchange losses recognized in connection with intercompany notes denominated in foreign currencies.
Income Tax Expense
The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was (11.6)% and (9.5)%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 was (10.9)% and (12.3)%, respectively. The effective tax rates were primarily impacted by the valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets originating in the period from net operating losses in U.S. federal, state and certain foreign jurisdictions. 

19



iHM Results of Operations
Our iHM operating results were as follows:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Revenue
$
884,380

 
$
867,914

 
1.9%
 
$
1,641,553

 
$
1,606,800

 
2.2%
Direct operating expenses
264,201

 
250,367

 
5.5%
 
507,532

 
474,429

 
7.0%
SG&A expenses
298,842

 
271,719

 
10.0%
 
606,993

 
543,732

 
11.6%
Depreciation and amortization
58,820

 
62,998

 
(6.6)%
 
116,857

 
121,815

 
(4.1)%
Operating income
$
262,517

 
$
282,830

 
(7.2)%
 
$
410,171

 
$
466,824

 
(12.1)%
Three Months
iHM revenue increased $16.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016, with growth in national revenue and other revenue being partially offset by lower local revenue. National revenue grew in response to our national sales initiatives and investments and increased programmatic buying, in addition to an increase in national trade and barter, partially offset by a decrease in national traffic and weather revenue and the impact on revenue of the timing of the iHeartRadio Music Awards Show, which was held in April 2016. The increase in other revenue included an approximately $4.0 million cash payment received in satisfaction of an agreement related to prior years. Local revenue decreased as a result of lower spot revenue, partially offset by an increase in local trade and barter.
iHM direct operating expenses increased $13.8 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016 primarily driven by higher spending on strategic revenue and efficiency initiatives, as well as higher content and programming costs. iHM SG&A expenses increased $27.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016 primarily due to higher trade and barter expenses, investments in national and digital sales capabilities and higher variable expenses, including sales activation and commissions.
Six Months
iHM revenue increased $34.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016, with growth in national revenue and other revenue being partially offset by lower local revenue. National revenue grew in response to our national sales initiatives and investments and increased programmatic buying, in addition to an increase in national trade and barter, partially offset by a decrease in national traffic and weather revenue. Other revenue increased partially as a result of higher talent appearance fees and included an approximately $4.0 million cash payment received in satisfaction of an agreement related to prior years. Local revenue decreased primarily as a result of lower spot revenue, partially offset by an increase in local trade and barter.
iHM direct operating expenses increased $33.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016 primarily driven by higher content and programming costs, including talent fees and music license fees. iHM SG&A expenses increased $63.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016 primarily due to higher trade and barter expenses, investments in national and digital sales capabilities and higher variable expenses, including sales activation and commissions.
Americas Outdoor Advertising Results of Operations
Our Americas outdoor operating results were as follows:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Revenue
$
323,960

 
$
325,533

 
(0.5)%
 
$
603,380

 
$
608,061

 
(0.8)%
Direct operating expenses
145,099

 
140,038

 
3.6%
 
285,572

 
278,050

 
2.7%
SG&A expenses
54,763

 
57,831

 
(5.3)%
 
110,849

 
113,160

 
(2.0)%
Depreciation and amortization
45,359

 
47,525

 
(4.6)%
 
90,654

 
93,641

 
(3.2)%
Operating income
$
78,739

 
$
80,139

 
(1.7)%
 
$
116,305

 
$
123,210

 
(5.6)%

20



Three Months
Americas outdoor revenue decreased $1.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $0.5 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor revenue decreased $2.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease in revenue is primarily due to a $2.9 million decrease in revenue resulting from the exchange of outdoor markets and a decrease in print display revenues. This was partially offset by increased revenue from digital billboards from new deployments, as well as higher revenue from new print wall displays.
Americas outdoor direct operating expenses increased $5.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $0.2 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor direct operating expenses increased $4.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The increase in direct operating expenses was driven by the impact of a $2.9 million early termination lease payment received in 2016 and higher fixed site lease expenses. Americas outdoor SG&A expenses decreased $3.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $0.1 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor SG&A expenses decreased $3.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease in SG&A expenses was primarily due to lower marketing expenses, bad debt and bonus expenses compared to the second quarter of 2016.
Six Months
Americas outdoor revenue decreased $4.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $1.8 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor revenue decreased $6.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease in revenue is due to the $8.0 million impact resulting from the sales of non-strategic outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016 and the exchange of outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2017, as well as a decrease in print display revenues. This was partially offset by increased revenues from new airport contracts and deployments of new digital billboards.
Americas outdoor direct operating expenses increased $7.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $1.1 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor direct operating expenses increased $6.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The increase in direct operating expenses was driven by higher site lease expenses related to new airport contracts and print displays, and the impact of a $2.9 million early termination lease payment received in 2016, partially offset primarily by lower expense due to the $2.6 million impact resulting from the sales of non-strategic outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016 and the exchange in the first quarter of 2017. Americas outdoor SG&A expenses decreased $2.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $0.6 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor SG&A expenses decreased $2.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease in SG&A expenses was primarily due to lower bad debt expense and the $1.6 million impact resulting from the sales of non-strategic outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016 and the exchange in the first quarter of 2017.
International Outdoor Advertising Results of Operations
Our International outdoor operating results were as follows:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Revenue
$
348,359

 
$
382,553

 
(8.9)%
 
$
613,665

 
$
689,039

 
(10.9)%
Direct operating expenses
205,074

 
221,963

 
(7.6)%
 
392,532

 
425,938

 
(7.8)%
SG&A expenses
71,135

 
77,736

 
(8.5)%
 
130,823

 
149,208

 
(12.3)%
Depreciation and amortization
31,590

 
38,177

 
(17.3)%
 
62,263

 
76,057

 
(18.1)%
Operating income
$
40,560

 
$
44,677

 
(9.2)%
 
$
28,047

 
$
37,836

 
(25.9)%
Three Months
International outdoor revenue decreased $34.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $16.0 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor revenue decreased $18.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease in revenue is due to a $36.1 million decrease in revenue resulting from the sale of our businesses in Australia and Turkey in 2016.

21



This was partially offset by growth across other markets including Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and China, primarily from new contracts and digital expansion.
International outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $16.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $9.5 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $7.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease was driven by a $21.9 million decrease in direct operating expenses resulting from the 2016 sales of our businesses in Australia and Turkey, partially offset by higher site lease expense in countries experiencing revenue growth. International outdoor SG&A expenses decreased $6.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $3.1 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor SG&A expenses decreased $3.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease in SG&A expenses was primarily due to a $7.1 million decrease resulting from the sale of our businesses in Australia and Turkey, partially offset by increases incurred in countries experiencing revenue growth.
Six Months
International outdoor revenue decreased $75.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $30.1 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor revenue decreased $45.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease in revenue is due to a $71.4 million decrease in revenue resulting from the sale of our businesses in Australia and Turkey in 2016. This was partially offset by growth across other markets including Spain, the United Kingdom and Switzerland, primarily from new contracts and digital expansion.
International outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $33.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $19.6 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $13.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease was driven by a $44.4 million decrease in direct operating expenses resulting from the 2016 sales of our businesses in Australia and Turkey, partially offset by higher site lease and production expenses in countries experiencing revenue growth. International outdoor SG&A expenses decreased $18.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. Excluding the $6.2 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor SG&A expenses decreased $12.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period of 2016. The decrease in SG&A expenses was primarily due to a $13.8 million decrease resulting from the sale of our businesses in Australia and Turkey.
Reconciliation of Segment Operating Income to Consolidated Operating Income
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
iHM
$
262,517

 
$
282,830

 
$
410,171

 
$
466,824

Americas outdoor
78,739

 
80,139

 
116,305

 
123,210

International outdoor
40,560

 
44,677

 
28,047

 
37,836

Other
8,191

 
5,649

 
6,452

 
8,562

Other operating income, net
6,916

 
(64,190
)
 
38,000

 
220,273

Corporate expense (1)
(86,259
)
 
(96,391
)
 
(174,254
)
 
(183,277
)
Consolidated operating income
$
310,664

 
$
252,714

 
$
424,721

 
$
673,428

(1)
Corporate expenses include expenses related to iHM, Americas outdoor, International outdoor and our Other category, as well as overall executive, administrative and support functions.
Share-Based Compensation Expense
We do not have any compensation plans under which we grant awards to employees. Parent has granted restricted stock and CCOH has granted restricted stock, restricted stock units and options to purchase shares of CCOH's Class A common stock to certain key individuals.
Share-based compensation expenses are recorded in corporate expenses and were $2.4 million and $3.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $5.5 million and $6.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

22



As of June 30, 2017, there was $12.9 million of unrecognized compensation cost, net of estimated forfeitures, related to unvested share-based compensation arrangements that will vest based on service conditions.  This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.3 years.  In addition, as of June 30, 2017, there was $25.6 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested share-based compensation arrangements that will vest based on market, performance and service conditions.  This cost will be recognized when it becomes probable that the performance condition will be satisfied.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash Flows
The following discussion highlights cash flow activities during the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively:
(In thousands)
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash provided by (used for):
 
 
 
Operating activities
$
(454,374
)
 
$
(181,650
)
Investing activities
$
(81,272
)
 
$
436,860

Financing activities
$
(55,579
)
 
$
(76,313
)
Operating Activities
Cash used for operating activities was $454.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to $181.7 million of cash used for operating activities during the six months ended June 30, 2016.  The increase in cash used for operating activities is primarily attributed to lower operating income as well as changes in working capital balances, particularly accounts receivable and prepaid assets, which were affected by slower collections, the timing of payments and deferred income. Cash paid for interest during the six months ended June 30, 2017 was $876.0 million as compared to $873.7 million paid during the six months ended June 30, 2016.
Investing Activities
Cash used for investing activities of $81.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 reflected $136.6 million used for capital expenditures, partially offset by net cash proceeds from the sale of assets of $60.3 million, which included net cash proceeds from the sale of our outdoor Indianapolis market of $43.1 million. We spent $30.3 million for capital expenditures in our iHM segment primarily related to IT infrastructure, $41.0 million in our Americas outdoor segment primarily related to the construction of new advertising structures, such as digital displays, $57.7 million in our International outdoor segment primarily related to street furniture and transit advertising structures, $0.4 million in our Other category and $7.2 million in Corporate primarily related to equipment and software purchases.
Cash provided by investing activities of $436.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 reflected net cash proceeds from the sale of nine non-strategic outdoor markets including Cleveland and Columbus, Ohio, Des Moines, Iowa, Ft. Smith, Arkansas, Memphis, Tennessee, Portland, Oregon, Reno, Nevada, Seattle, Washington and Wichita, Kansas of $592.3 million in cash and certain advertising assets in Florida. Those sale proceeds were partially offset by $123.7 million used for capital expenditures. We spent $23.1 million for capital expenditures in our iHM segment primarily related to leasehold improvements and IT infrastructure, $28.7 million in our Americas outdoor segment primarily related to the construction of new advertising structures, such as digital displays, $66.7 million in our International outdoor segment primarily related to billboard and street furniture advertising structures, $1.2 million in our Other category and $4.0 million in Corporate primarily related to equipment and software purchases.
Financing Activities
Cash used for financing activities of $55.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2017 primarily resulted from dividends paid to non-controlling interests, which represents the portion of the dividends paid by CCOH in February 2017 to parties other than our subsidiaries that own CCOH stock, and a payment under our receivables based credit facility.
Cash used for financing activities of $76.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 primarily resulted from dividends paid to non-controlling interests, which represents the portion of the dividends paid by CCOH in January 2016 and February 2016 to parties other than our subsidiaries that own CCOH common stock.

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Anticipated Cash Requirements
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash on hand, cash flow from operations, borrowing capacity under our domestic receivables based credit facility, subject to certain limitations contained in our material financing agreements, and cash from liquidity-generating transactions. As of June 30, 2017, we had $260.5 million of cash and cash equivalents on our balance sheet, including $163.1 million of cash and cash equivalents held by our subsidiary, CCOH. Included in the cash held by CCOH is $139.1 million of cash held outside the U.S. It is our policy to permanently reinvest the earnings of our non-U.S. subsidiaries as these earnings are generally redeployed in those jurisdictions for operating needs and continued functioning of their businesses.  We have the ability and intent to indefinitely reinvest the undistributed earnings of consolidated subsidiaries based outside of the United States.  If any excess cash held by our foreign subsidiaries were needed to fund operations in the United States, we could presently repatriate available funds without a requirement to accrue or pay U.S. taxes.  This is a result of significant deficits, as calculated for tax law purposes, in our foreign earnings and profits, which gives us flexibility to make future cash distributions as non-taxable returns of capital. 
As of June 30, 2017, we had a borrowing base of $491.4 million