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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - DAVEY TREE EXPERT COdt2017q210qex322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - DAVEY TREE EXPERT COdt2017q210qex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - DAVEY TREE EXPERT COdt2017q210qex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - DAVEY TREE EXPERT COdt2017q210qex311.htm

 
 
 
 
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended July 1, 2017
OR
¨  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______________ to ______________
Commission file number 000-11917
dt2016q4davlogsma01a01a01a03.jpg
THE DAVEY TREE EXPERT COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Ohio
34-0176110
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
 
1500 North Mantua Street
P.O. Box 5193
Kent, Ohio 44240
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
 
(330) 673-9511
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x   No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x   No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
(Check one):
 
¨ Large Accelerated Filer
 
x Accelerated Filer
 
¨ Emerging Growth Company
 
 
¨ Non-Accelerated Filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
¨ Smaller Reporting Company
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ¨ No x

There were 24,579,989 Common Shares, $1.00 par value, outstanding as of July 28, 2017

 
 
 
 
 



The Davey Tree Expert Company
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
July 1, 2017
INDEX
 
 
Page
Part I.
Financial Information
 
 
 
Item 1. 
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

We,” “us,” “our,” “Davey” and “Davey Tree,” unless the context otherwise requires, means The Davey Tree Expert Company and its subsidiaries.

- 1 -


THE DAVEY TREE EXPERT COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data dollar amounts)
 
 
July 1,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash
$
9,683

 
$
9,006

Accounts receivable, net
157,555

 
146,134

Operating supplies
10,878

 
7,277

Other current assets
9,644

 
16,356

Total current assets
187,760

 
178,773

 
 
 
 
Property and equipment
608,435

 
588,650

Less accumulated depreciation
409,677

 
409,214

 
198,758

 
179,436

 
 
 
 
Other assets
32,299

 
31,354

Identified intangible assets and goodwill, net
41,355

 
34,376

 
$
460,172

 
$
423,939

Liabilities and shareholders' equity
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
38,507

 
$
41,283

Accrued expenses
37,622

 
37,659

Other current liabilities
33,071

 
39,963

Total current liabilities
109,200

 
118,905

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
129,296

 
92,290

Self-insurance accruals
44,955

 
39,746

Other noncurrent liabilities
19,552

 
20,819

 
303,003

 
271,760

Common shareholders' equity:*
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Common shares, $1.00 par value, per share; 48,000 shares authorized; 42,914 shares issued and outstanding before deducting treasury shares as of July 1, 2017 and December 31, 2016
42,914

 
42,914

Additional paid-in capital
7,899

 
2,429

Common shares subscribed, unissued
7,920

 
8,209

Retained earnings
299,521

 
290,292

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(10,645
)
 
(12,162
)
 
347,609

 
331,682

Less: Cost of common shares held in treasury; 18,336 shares at
July 1, 2017 and 17,990 shares at December 31, 2016
187,888

 
176,530

Common shares subscription receivable
2,552

 
2,973

 
 
 
 
 
157,169

 
152,179

 
$
460,172

 
$
423,939

 
 
 
 
* Adjusted for two-for-one stock split
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

 
 


- 2 -


THE DAVEY TREE EXPERT COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share dollar amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
Revenues
$
245,037

 
$
224,763

 
$
437,850

 
$
405,596

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating
151,525

 
137,132

 
285,184

 
260,305

Selling
40,816

 
36,859

 
76,350

 
71,189

General and administrative
15,560

 
14,675

 
32,307

 
31,814

Depreciation and amortization
13,000

 
12,290

 
25,190

 
23,631

Gain on sale of assets, net
(1,176
)
 
(479
)
 
(2,151
)
 
(509
)
 
219,725

 
200,477

 
416,880

 
386,430

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from operations
25,312

 
24,286

 
20,970

 
19,166

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(1,072
)
 
(1,062
)
 
(2,329
)
 
(2,027
)
Interest income
73

 
60

 
143

 
128

Other, net
(992
)
 
(1,156
)
 
(1,784
)
 
(1,755
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
23,321

 
22,128

 
17,000

 
15,512

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income taxes
9,098

 
8,819

 
6,664

 
6,391

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
14,223

 
$
13,309

 
$
10,336

 
$
9,121

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
.57

 
$
.52

 
$
.41

 
$
.35

Diluted
$
.55

 
$
.50

 
$
.40

 
$
.34

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
24,998

 
25,740

 
24,984

 
25,958

Diluted
25,985

 
26,698

 
25,998

 
26,968

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per share*
$
.025

 
$
.025

 
$
.050

 
$
.050

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Adjusted for two-for-one stock split
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
 
 
 


- 3 -


THE DAVEY TREE EXPERT COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)


 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
Net income
$
14,223

 
$
13,309

 
$
10,336

 
$
9,121

Components of other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
881

 
245

 
1,203

 
1,997

Adjustments to defined benefit pension plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reclassification to results of operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of defined benefit pension items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net actuarial loss
147

 
146

 
294

 
508

Prior service cost
10

 

 
20

 

Defined benefit pension plan adjustments
157

 
146

 
314

 
508

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
1,038

 
391

 
1,517

 
2,505

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
$
15,261

 
$
13,700

 
$
11,853

 
$
11,626

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
 
 
 





- 4 -


THE DAVEY TREE EXPERT COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
10,336

 
$
9,121

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
25,190

 
23,631

Other
 
(909
)
 
1,135

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
(9,662
)
 
(20,816
)
Operating liabilities
 
1,123

 
570

Other, net
 
1,589

 
4,993

 
 
17,331

 
9,513

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
27,667

 
18,634

 
 
 
 
 
Investing activities
 
 

 
 

Capital expenditures:
 
 

 
 

Equipment
 
(37,858
)
 
(36,373
)
Land and building
 
(2,992
)
 
(1,463
)
Purchases of businesses, net of cash acquired
 
(7,452
)
 
(3,497
)
Other
 
2,667

 
671

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(45,635
)
 
(40,662
)
 
 
 
 
 
Financing activities
 
 

 
 

Revolving credit facility proceeds, net
 
35,500

 
31,500

Purchase of common shares for treasury
 
(17,002
)
 
(11,627
)
Sale of common shares from treasury
 
10,136

 
8,155

Dividends
 
(1,268
)
 
(1,314
)
Payments of notes payable
 
(8,721
)
 
(7,350
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
 
18,645

 
19,364

 
 
 
 
 
Increase/(decrease) in cash
 
677

 
(2,664
)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash, beginning of period
 
9,006

 
16,030

Cash, end of period
 
$
9,683

 
$
13,366

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information follows:
 
 

 
 

Interest paid
 
$
2,480

 
$
1,035

Income taxes paid
 
3,179

 
505

 
 
 
 
 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 

 
 



- 5 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)




A.
Basis of Financial Statement Preparation
The condensed consolidated financial statements present the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of The Davey Tree Expert Company and its subsidiaries. When we refer to “we,” “us,” “our,” “Davey,” or “Davey Tree”, we mean The Davey Tree Expert Company and its subsidiaries, unless otherwise expressly stated or the context indicates otherwise.
We have prepared the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”), as codified in the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), and with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information. The consolidated financial statements include all adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. All such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Certain information and disclosures required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements have been omitted in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC. We suggest that these condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 (the “2016 Annual Report”).
Per Common Share Information--All common share and per share data have been retroactively adjusted to recognize a two-for-one stock split of our common shares effective June 1, 2017.
Use of Estimates in Financial Statement Preparation--The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts. Our consolidated financial statements include amounts that are based on management’s best estimates and judgments.  Estimates are used for, but not limited to, accounts receivable valuation, depreciable lives of fixed assets, self-insurance accruals, income taxes and revenue recognition. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Interim Results of Operations--Interim results may not be indicative of calendar year performance because of seasonal and short-term variations.

Recent Accounting Guidance

Accounting Standards Adopted in 2017

Accounting Standards Update 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting--In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, “Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting,” with the objective to simplify several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including: the income tax consequences; classification of awards as either equity or liabilities; classification of certain items on the statement of cash flows; and, accounting for forfeitures. ASU 2016-09 became effective for Davey Tree on January 1, 2017 and we elected to make an accounting policy change to recognize forfeitures as they occur. The adoption impact on the consolidated condensed balance sheet was a cumulative-effect adjustment of $162, increasing opening retained earnings and decreasing additional paid-in capital.





- 6 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



A.
Basis of Financial Statement Preparation (continued)
Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

Accounting Standards Update 2017-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting--In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, “Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting,” which provides guidance on which changes in the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require modification accounting under Topic 718. Modification accounting is required for changes in terms or conditions unless the fair value, vesting condition and classification of the modified award is the same as the original award. The update is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017, which for Davey Tree would be January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-09 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Accounting Standards Update 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment--In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350),” which simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test which required entities to fair value their assets and liabilities using procedures that would be followed in an assumed business combination to arrive at the impairment charge. Under ASU 2017-04, the goodwill impairment test is performed by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount and an impairment charge should be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The update is effective for annual or interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019, which for Davey Tree is January 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017. The Company intends to early adopt ASU 2017-04 during the fourth quarter 2017 and does not expect the adoption to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force)--In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments,” which provides guidance on how cash receipts and cash payments related to eight specific cash flow issues are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows, with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice. The update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, which for Davey Tree would be January 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-15 to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost--In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, “Compensation-Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost,” which changes the presentation of net periodic benefit cost related to employer sponsored defined benefit plans and other postretirement benefits. Under ASU 2017-07, service costs will be included within the same income statement line item as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by pertinent employees during the period. The other components of net periodic benefit pension cost will be presented separately outside of income from operations. Additionally, only service costs may be capitalized in assets. ASU 2017-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, which for Davey Tree is January 1, 2018. Management has not yet completed its assessment of the impact of the new standard on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.



- 7 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



A.
Basis of Financial Statement Preparation (continued)
Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)--In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which will replace all current U.S. GAAP guidance on revenue recognition and eliminate all industry-specific guidance.
The new revenue recognition guidance provides a unified model to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The underlying principle is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods and services. The guidance provides a five-step analysis of transactions to determine when and how revenue is recognized. Other major provisions include capitalization of certain contract costs, consideration of the time value of money in the transaction price, and allowing estimates of variable consideration to be recognized before contingencies are resolved in certain circumstances. The guidance also requires enhanced information to be presented in the financial statements regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from an entity’s contracts with customers.
Subsequent to the issuance of ASU 2014-09, the FASB has provided additional implementation guidance updates related to ASU 2014-09, including:
a.
ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date (‘Update 2015-14’),” which responded to stakeholders’ requests to defer the effective date of the guidance in ASU 2014-09.

b.
ASU 2016-08, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net ) (‘Update 2016-08’),” which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations.

c.
ASU 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing (‘Update 2016-10’),” which clarifies multiple aspects of Topic 606.

d.
ASU 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients (‘Update 2016-12’),” which provides clarifying guidance in a few narrow areas and adds some practical expedients to the guidance.
The effective date and the transition requirements for the Updates are the same as the effective date of Topic 606 ASU 2015-14, which becomes effective for Davey Tree beginning with the first quarter 2018 and can be adopted either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The FASB also affirmed its proposal to permit all entities to apply the new revenue standard early, but not before the original effective date, which for Davey Tree would be the first quarter 2017. The new revenue guidance will supersede existing revenue guidance affecting our Company, and may also affect our business processes and our information technology systems.
Management has assembled an internal project team and is analyzing contracts with our customers covering the significant streams of the Company’s annual revenues under the provisions of the new standard. The analysis of contracts with customers is time-consuming given the unique nature of the individual contracts with our customers and is expected to be completed in the near future.  While the full impact of adopting the standard is not currently known, the Company currently has identified certain impacts related to the recognition of certain variable, incentive-based components of contracts related to the timing of revenue recognition. The Company is continuing to assess all other aspects of the standard and the identification of other accounting impacts is possible.  The Company has evaluated the disclosure requirements under the standard and is in the process of implementing


- 8 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)




A.
Basis of Financial Statement Preparation (continued)
necessary changes to our systems, policies and the related internal controls as a result. We plan to adopt ASU 2014-09 using the modified retrospective approach effective January 1, 2018.

Accounting Standards Update 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842)--In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842).” ASU 2016-02 establishes a comprehensive new lease accounting model. The new standard: (a) clarifies the definition of a lease; (b) requires a dual approach to lease classification similar to current lease classifications; and, (c) causes lessees to recognize leases on the balance sheet as a lease liability with a corresponding right-of-use asset for leases with a lease-term of more than twelve months. The new standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, which for Davey Tree would be January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The new standard requires a modified retrospective transition for capital or operating leases existing at or entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, but it does not require transition accounting for leases that expire prior to the date of initial application. We are currently evaluating the impact of the new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

B.
Seasonality of Business
Due to the seasonality of our business, our operating results for the six months ended July 1, 2017 are not indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the year ending December 31, 2017. Business seasonality traditionally results in higher revenues during the second and third quarters as compared with the first and fourth quarters of the year, while the methods of accounting for fixed costs, such as depreciation expense, amortization, rent and interest expense, are not significantly impacted by business seasonality.


C.
Accounts Receivable, Net and Supplemental Balance-Sheet Information
Accounts receivable, net, consisted of the following:

Accounts receivable, net
July 1,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Accounts receivable
$
126,751

 
$
128,202

Receivables under contractual arrangements
34,293

 
21,541

 
161,044

 
149,743

Less allowances for doubtful accounts
3,489

 
3,609

Accounts receivable, net
$
157,555

 
$
146,134


Receivables under contractual arrangements consist of work-in-process in accordance with the terms of contracts, primarily with utility services customers.


- 9 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



C.
Accounts Receivable, Net and Supplemental Balance-Sheet Information (continued)
The following items comprise the amounts included in the balance sheets:

Other current assets
July 1,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Refundable income taxes
$
94

 
$
548

Prepaid expense
9,251

 
14,493

Other
299

 
1,315

Total
$
9,644

 
$
16,356



Accrued expenses
July 1,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Employee compensation
$
14,189

 
$
18,438

Accrued compensated absences
9,663

 
9,215

Self-insured medical claims
5,428

 
2,961

Income tax payable
3,744

 
953

Customer advances, deposits
756

 
2,997

Taxes, other than income
2,431

 
2,166

Other
1,411

 
929

Total
$
37,622

 
$
37,659



D.
Business Combinations
Our investment in businesses during the first six months of 2017 was $10,877, including debt issued, in the form of notes payable to the sellers, of $3,099, and have been included in our residential and commercial segment. Measurement-period adjustments are not complete. The measurement period for purchase price allocations ends as soon as information of the facts and circumstances becomes available, but does not exceed one year from the acquisition date. During the six months ended July 2, 2016, our investment in businesses was $4,170, with liabilities assumed of $98 and $575 debt issued.

In March 2017, the Company acquired all of the outstanding common stock of Arborguard Tree Specialists Inc. (“Arborguard”), a residential and commercial tree care company, and certain assets of TTS&G, LLC, a leasing company related to Arborguard, for $7,200 in cash, with liabilities assumed of $1,416 and debt issued of $2,724. Arborguard’s revenue for the year ended February 28, 2017 was approximately $10,711.

The acquisition of Arborguard was accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting. The entire purchase price allocation for Arborguard is preliminary. At July 1, 2017, the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed have been preliminarily estimated and the excess consideration of $3,104 has been preliminarily recorded as goodwill pending finalization of the fair value. These preliminary estimates will be revised during the measurement period in 2017 as all pertinent information regarding finalization of the valuations for fixed assets, intangible assets, goodwill (including the amount expected to be deductible for tax purposes), tangible assets, other liabilities and deferred income tax assets and liabilities acquired are fully evaluated by the Company.

- 10 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



D.
Business Combinations (continued)
The following table summarizes the preliminary purchase price allocation of the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed:
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1, 2017
Detail of acquisitions:
 

Assets acquired:
 

Cash
$
326

Receivables
1,759

Prepaid expense
128

Equipment
1,904

Deposits and other
129

Finite-lived intangibles
4,566

Goodwill
3,504

Liabilities assumed
(1,439
)
Debt issued for purchases of businesses
(3,099
)
Cash paid
$
7,778



The results of operations of acquired businesses have been included in the consolidated statements of operations beginning as of the effective dates of acquisition. The effect of these acquisitions on our consolidated revenues and results of operations for the period ending July 1, 2017 was not significant. Pro forma net sales and results of operations for the acquisition had it occurred at the beginning of the six months ended July 1, 2017 are not material and, accordingly, are not provided.

- 11 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



E.
Identified Intangible Assets and Goodwill, Net
The carrying amounts of the identified intangibles and goodwill acquired in connection with our historical investments in businesses were as follows:
 
July 1, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Identified Intangible Assets and Goodwill, Net
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Amortized intangible assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer lists/relationships
$
21,711

 
$
16,036

 
$
17,822

 
$
15,171

Employment-related
7,389

 
6,499

 
7,032

 
6,386

Tradenames
5,960

 
5,001

 
5,634

 
4,860

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortized intangible assets
$
35,060

 
$
27,536

 
$
30,488

 
$
26,417

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less accumulated amortization
27,536

 
 

 
26,417

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Identified intangibles, net
7,524

 
 

 
4,071

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unamortized intangible assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Goodwill
33,831

 
 

 
30,305

 
 

 
$
41,355

 
 

 
$
34,376

 
 


The changes in the carrying amounts of goodwill, by segment, for the year ended December 31, 2017 follow:

 
Balance at
January 1,
2017
 
Acquisitions
 
Translation
and Other
Adjustments
 
Balance at
July 1,
2017
Utility
$
3,424

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,424

Residential and Commercial
26,881

 
3,504

 
22

 
30,407

Total
$
30,305

 
$
3,504

 
$
22

 
$
33,831



- 12 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



F.
Long-Term Debt and Commitments Related to Letters of Credit
Our long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
July 1,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Revolving credit facility
 
 
 
Swing-line borrowings
$
7,500

 
$
10,000

LIBOR borrowings
95,000

 
57,000

 
102,500

 
67,000

Senior unsecured notes
24,000

 
24,000

Term loans
10,252

 
16,151

Capital leases
2,620

 
2,343

 
139,372

 
109,494

Less debt issuance costs
263

 
333

Less current portion
9,813

 
16,871

 
$
129,296

 
$
92,290


Revolving Credit Facility --We have a $175,000 revolving credit facility with a group of banks, which will expire in November 2018 and permits borrowings, as defined, up to $175,000, including a letter of credit sublimit of $100,000 and a swing-line commitment of $15,000. Under certain circumstances, the amount available under the revolving credit facility may be increased to $210,000. The revolving credit facility contains certain affirmative and negative covenants customary for this type of facility and includes financial covenant ratios with respect to a maximum leverage ratio and a maximum balance-sheet leverage ratio. As of July 1, 2017, we had unused commitments under the facility approximating $68,429, with $106,571 committed, consisting of borrowings of $102,500 and issued letters of credit of $4,071.

Borrowings outstanding bear interest, at Davey Tree’s option, of either (a) a base rate or (b) LIBOR plus a margin adjustment ranging from .75% to 1.50%--with the margin adjustments in both instances based on the Company's leverage ratio at the time of borrowing. The base rate is the greater of (i) the agent bank’s prime rate, (ii) LIBOR plus 1.50%, or (iii) the federal funds rate plus .50%. A commitment fee ranging from .10% to .25% is also required based on the average daily unborrowed commitment.

5.09% Senior Unsecured Notes--The senior unsecured notes are due July 22, 2020 and were issued during July 2010 as 5.09% Senior Unsecured Notes, Series A (the "5.09% Senior Notes"), pursuant to a Master Note Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) between the Company and the purchasers of the 5.09% Senior Notes.  

The 5.09% Senior Notes are equal in right of payment with our revolving credit facility and all other senior unsecured obligations of the Company. Interest is payable semiannually and five equal, annual principal payments commenced on July 22, 2016 (the sixth anniversary of issuance).  The Purchase Agreement contains customary events of default and covenants related to limitations on indebtedness and transactions with affiliates and the maintenance of certain financial ratios.




- 13 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



F.
Long-Term Debt and Commitments Related to Letters of Credit (continued)
Accounts Receivable Securitization Facility--On May 8, 2017, the Company amended its Accounts Receivable Securitization Facility (the "AR Securitization program") to extend the scheduled termination date for an additional one-year period and increase the limit of the facility from $60,000 to $100,000.

As of July 1, 2017, we had issued letters of credit of $58,150 under the terms of the AR securitization program.

Under the AR securitization program, Davey Tree transfers by selling or contributing current and future trade receivables to a wholly-owned, bankruptcy-remote financing subsidiary which pledges a perfected first priority security interest in the trade receivables--equal to the issued letters of credit as of July 1, 2017--to the bank in exchange for the bank issuing letters of credit ("LCs").

Fees payable to the bank include: (a) an LC issuance fee, payable on each settlement date, in the amount of .90% per annum on the aggregate amount of all LCs outstanding plus outstanding reimbursement obligations (e.g., arising from drawn LCs), if any, and (b) an unused LC fee, payable monthly, equal to (i) .35% per annum for each day on which the sum of the total LCs outstanding plus any outstanding reimbursement obligations is greater than or equal to 50% of the facility limit and (ii) .45% per annum for each day on which the sum of the total LCs outstanding plus any outstanding reimbursement obligations is less than 50% of the facility limit. If an LC is drawn and the bank is not immediately reimbursed in full for the drawn amount, any outstanding reimbursement obligation will accrue interest at a per annum rate equal to a reserve-adjusted LIBOR or, in certain circumstances, a base rate equal to the higher of (i) the bank’s prime rate and (ii) the federal funds rate plus .50% and, following any default, 2.00% plus the greater of (a) adjusted LIBOR and (b) a base rate equal to the higher of (i) the bank’s prime rate and (ii) the federal funds rate plus .50%.

The agreements underlying the AR securitization program contain various customary representations and warranties, covenants, and default provisions which provide for the termination and acceleration of the commitments under the AR securitization program in circumstances including, but not limited to, failure to make payments when due, breach of a representation, warranty or covenant, certain insolvency events or failure to maintain the security interest in the trade receivables, and defaults under other material indebtedness.

Total Commitments Related to Issued Letters of Credit--As of July 1, 2017, total commitments related to issued letters of credit were $64,221, of which $4,071 were issued under the revolving credit facility, $58,150 were issued under the AR securitization program, and $2,000 were issued under short-term lines of credit. As of December 31, 2016, total commitments related to issued letters of credit were $64,225, of which $4,071 were issued under the revolving credit facility, $58,150 were issued under the AR securitization facility, and $2,004 were issued under short-term lines of credit.

- 14 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



G.
Stock-Based Compensation
Our shareholders approved the 2014 Omnibus Stock Plan (the “2014 Stock Plan”) at our annual meeting of shareholders on May 20, 2014. The 2014 Stock Plan replaced the expired 2004 Omnibus Stock Plan (the “2004 plan”) previously approved by the shareholders in 2004. The 2014 Stock Plan is administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors and has a term of ten years. All directors of the Company and employees of the Company and its subsidiaries are eligible to participate in the 2014 Stock Plan. The 2014 Stock Plan (similar to the 2004 plan) continues the maintenance of the Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as well as provisions for the grant of stock options and other stock-based incentives. The 2014 Stock Plan provides for the grant of five percent of the number of the Company’s common shares outstanding as of the first day of each fiscal year plus the number of common shares that were available for grant of awards, but not granted, in prior years. In no event, however, may the number of common shares available for the grant of awards in any fiscal year exceed ten percent of the common shares outstanding as of the first day of that fiscal year. Common shares subject to an award that is forfeited, terminated, or canceled without having been exercised are generally added back to the number of shares available for grant under the 2014 Stock Plan.

Stock-based compensation expense under all share-based payment plans -- our Employee Stock Purchase Plan, stock option plans, stock-settled stock appreciation rights and restricted stock units -- included in the results of operations follows:
 
 
Three months ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
Compensation expense, all share-based payment plans
$
1,462

 
$
678

 
$
2,448

 
$
1,324

 
Stock-based compensation consisted of the following:

Employee Stock Purchase Plan--Under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan, all full-time employees with one year of service are eligible to purchase, through payroll deduction, common shares. Employee purchases under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan are at 85% of the fair market value of the common shares--a 15% discount. We recognize compensation costs as payroll deductions are made. The 15% discount of total shares purchased under the plan resulted in compensation cost of $415 being recognized for the six months ended July 1, 2017 and $337 for the six months ended July 2, 2016.

Stock Option Plans--The stock options outstanding were awarded under a graded vesting schedule, measured at fair value, and have a term of ten years. Compensation costs for stock options are recognized over the requisite service period on the straight-line recognition method. Compensation cost recognized for stock options was $395 for the six months ended July 1, 2017 and $270 for the six months ended July 2, 2016.

Stock-Settled Stock Appreciation Rights--During the six months ended July 1, 2017, the Compensation Committee awarded 152,000 stock-settled stock appreciation rights (“SSARs”) to certain management employees, which vest ratably over five years. A SSAR is an award that allows the recipient to receive common shares equal to the appreciation in the fair market value of our common shares between the date the award was granted and the conversion date of the shares vested.


- 15 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



G.
Stock-Based Compensation (continued)
The following table summarizes our SSARs as of July 1, 2017.
Stock-Settled
Stock Appreciation Rights
 
Number
of
Rights
 
Weighted-
Average
Award Date
Value
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 
Unrecognized
Compensation
Cost
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Unvested, January 1, 2017
 
743,662

 
$
2.75

 
 
 
 
 
 
Granted
 
152,000

 
3.57

 
 
 
 
 
 
Forfeited
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Vested
 
(240,546
)
 
2.59

 
 
 
 
 
 
Unvested, July 1, 2017
 
655,116

 
$
3.00

 
2.7 years
 
$
1,301

 
$
11,530

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employee SSARs
 
655,116

 
$
3.00

 
2.7 years
 
$
1,301

 
$
11,530

 
Compensation costs for SSARs are determined using a fair-value method and amortized over the requisite service period. Compensation expense for SSARs was $757 for the six months ended July 1, 2017 and $292 for the six months ended July 2, 2016.

Restricted Stock Units--During the six months ended July 1, 2017, the Compensation Committee awarded 80,350 performance-based restricted stock units to certain directors and management employees. The Compensation Committee made similar awards in prior periods. The awards vest over specified periods. The following table summarizes restricted stock units as of July 1, 2017.
Restricted Stock Units
 
Number
of
Stock
Units
 
Weighted-
Average
Grant Date
Value
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 
Unrecognized
Compensation
Cost
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Unvested, January 1, 2017
 
304,958

 
$
13.22

 
 
 
 
 
 
Granted
 
80,350

 
17.01

 
 
 
 
 
 
Forfeited
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Vested
 
(49,964
)
 
11.38

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unvested, July 1, 2017
 
335,344

 
$
14.40

 
2.8 years
 
$
2,604

 
$
5,902


Compensation cost for restricted stock awards is determined using a fair-value method and amortized on the straight-line recognition method over the requisite service period. Compensation expense on restricted stock awards totaled $881 for the six months ended July 1, 2017 and $425 for the six months ended July 2, 2016.

We estimated the fair value of each stock-based award on the date of grant using a binomial option-pricing model. The binomial model considers a range of assumptions related to volatility, risk-free interest rate and employee

- 16 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



G.    Stock-Based Compensation (continued)

exercise behavior. Expected volatilities utilized in the binomial model are based on historical volatility of our stock prices and other factors. Similarly, the dividend yield is based on historical experience and expected future changes. The binomial model also incorporates exercise assumptions based on an analysis of historical data. The expected life of the stock-based awards is derived from the output of the binomial model and represents the period of time that awards granted are expected to be outstanding.

The fair values of stock-based awards granted were estimated at the dates of grant with the following weighted-average assumption.
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
Volatility rate
10.3
%
 
10.6
%
Risk-free interest rate
2.2
%
 
1.8
%
Expected dividend yield
.7
%
 
.7
%
Expected life of awards (years)
8.9

 
9.5


General Stock Option Information--The following table summarizes activity under the stock option plans for the six months ended July 1, 2017.
Stock Options
 
Number
of
Options
Outstanding
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding, January 1, 2017
 
1,599,296

 
$
12.49

 
 
 
 
Granted
 
148,500

 
17.60

 
 
 
 
Exercised
 
(74,420
)
 
10.40

 
 
 
 
Forfeited
 
(64,574
)
 
12.75

 
 
 
 
Outstanding, July 1, 2017
 
1,608,802

 
$
13.05

 
6.7 years
 
$
7,320

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exercisable, July 1, 2017
 
869,302

 
$
11.23

 
5.4 years
 
$
5,537


As of July 1, 2017, there was approximately $1,438 of unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options outstanding. The cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.3 years. “Intrinsic value” is defined as the amount by which the market price of a common share exceeds the exercise price of an option. 

Common shares are issued from treasury upon the exercise of stock options, SSARs, restricted stock units or purchases under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan.

- 17 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)




H.
Net Periodic Benefit Expense--Defined Benefit Pension Plans
The results of operations included the following net periodic benefit expense (income) recognized related to our defined-benefit pension plans.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
Components of pension expense (income)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service costs--increase in benefit obligation earned
$
132

 
$
90

 
$
265

 
$
190

Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
264

 
310

 
527

 
627

Expected return on plan assets
(170
)
 
(276
)
 
(339
)
 
(553
)
Settlement loss

 

 

 
453

Amortization of net actuarial loss
238

 
237

 
475

 
480

Amortization of prior service cost
15

 

 
31

 

Net pension expense of defined benefit pension plans
$
479

 
$
361

 
$
959

 
$
1,197



I.
Income Taxes
Our income tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of our annual effective tax rate adjusted for discrete items, if any, that are taken into account in the relevant period. Each quarter we update our estimate of the annual effective tax rate and, if our estimated annual tax rate changes, we make a cumulative adjustment. The effective tax rate for the six months ended July 1, 2017 is estimated to approximate 39.2%.  Our effective tax rate for the six months ended July 2, 2016 was estimated at 41.2%.

At December 31, 2016, we had unrecognized tax benefits of $2,532, of which $2,053 would affect our effective rate if recognized, and accrued interest expense related to unrecognized benefits of $107. At July 1, 2017, there were no significant changes in the unrecognized tax benefits, including the amount that would affect our effective rate if recognized, or the accrued interest expense related to the unrecognized benefits. Unrecognized tax benefits are the differences between a tax position taken, or expected to be taken in a tax return, and the benefit recognized for financial reporting purposes.
 
The Company is routinely under audit by federal, state, local and Canadian authorities in the area of income tax. These audits include questioning the timing and the amount of income and deductions and the allocation of income and deductions among various tax jurisdictions. During the fourth quarter 2013, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service completed its audit of the Company's U.S. income tax returns for 2010 and 2011 and, during 2010, Canada Revenue Agency completed its audit of the Company's Canadian operations for 2006, 2007 and 2008. With the exception of U.S. state jurisdictions, the Company is no longer subject to examination by tax authorities for the years through 2012. As of July 1, 2017, we believe it is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will not significantly increase or decrease.





- 18 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



J.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Comprehensive income (or loss) is comprised of net income (or net loss) and other components, including currency translation adjustments and defined-benefit pension plan adjustments.

The following summarizes the components of other comprehensive income (loss) accumulated in shareholders’ equity for the six months ended July 1, 2017 and six months ended July 2, 2016:
 
 
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Defined
Benefit
Pension
Plans
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Balance at January 1, 2017
 
$
(5,500
)
 
$
(6,662
)
 
$
(12,162
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains
 
$
1,203

 
$

 
$
1,203

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 
506

 
506

Tax effect
 

 
(192
)
 
(192
)
Net of tax amount
 
1,203

 
314

 
1,517

Balance at July 1, 2017
 
$
(4,297
)
 
$
(6,348
)
 
$
(10,645
)


 
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
 
Defined
Benefit
Pension
Plans
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Balance at January 1, 2016
 
$
(6,244
)
 
$
(7,150
)
 
$
(13,394
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains
 
$
1,997

 
$

 
$
1,997

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 
829

 
829

Tax effect
 

 
(321
)
 
(321
)
Net of tax amount
 
1,997

 
508

 
2,505

Balance at July 2, 2016
 
$
(4,247
)
 
$
(6,642
)
 
$
(10,889
)

The change in defined benefit pension plans of $506 for the six months ended July 1, 2017 and the $829 for the six months ended July 2, 2016 is included in net periodic pension expense and is classified in the condensed statement of operations as costs and expenses, general and administrative.



- 19 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



K.
Per Share Amounts and Common Shares Outstanding
We calculate our basic earnings per share by dividing net income or net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share are calculated in a similar manner, but include the effect of dilutive securities. To the extent these securities are antidilutive, they are excluded from the calculation of earnings per share. The per share amounts were computed as follows (adjusted for the two-for-one stock split of our common shares effective June 1, 2017):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
Income available to common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
14,223

 
$
13,309

 
$
10,336

 
$
9,121

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding
24,797

 
25,528

 
24,582

 
25,534

Partially-paid share subscriptions
201

 
212

 
402

 
424

Basic weighted-average shares
24,998

 
25,740

 
24,984

 
25,958

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic from above
24,998

 
25,740

 
24,984

 
25,958

Incremental shares from assumed:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exercise of stock subscription purchase rights
141

 
136

 
143

 
136

Exercise of stock options and awards
846

 
822

 
871

 
874

Diluted weighted-average shares
25,985

 
26,698

 
25,998

 
26,968

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
.57

 
$
.52

 
$
.41

 
$
.35

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted
$
.55

 
$
.50

 
$
.40

 
$
.34

Common Shares Outstanding--A summary of the activity of the common shares outstanding for the six months ended July 1, 2017 follows:
Shares outstanding at January 1, 2017
24,923,140

Shares purchased
(942,035
)
Shares sold
449,298

Stock subscription offering -- cash purchases
41,781

Options and awards exercised
105,819

 
(345,137
)
Shares outstanding at July 1, 2017
24,578,003


- 20 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



K.
Per Share Amounts and Common Shares Outstanding (continued)

On July 1, 2017, we had 24,578,003 common shares outstanding, employee options exercisable to purchase 869,302 common shares, partially-paid subscriptions for 804,048 common shares and purchase rights outstanding for 319,956 common shares.

Common Stock Split--On May 10, 2017, our Board of Directors declared a two-for-one stock split of our common shares, paid as a stock dividend to shareholders of record as of June 1, 2017. The par value of each common share remains at $1.00. Accordingly, $21,457 was reclassified to the common shares account from additional paid-in capital and shareholders received one additional common share for each common share held.

Stock Subscription Offering--Beginning May 2012, the Company offered to eligible employees and nonemployee directors the right to subscribe to common shares of the Company at $9.85 per share in accordance with the provisions of The Davey Tree Expert Company 2004 Omnibus Stock Plan and the rules of the Compensation Committee of the Company's Board of Directors (collectively, the "plan"). The offering period ended on August 1, 2012 and resulted in the subscription of 1,275,428 common shares for $12,563 at $9.85 per share.

Under the plan, a participant in the offering purchasing common shares for an aggregate purchase price of less than $5 had to pay with cash. All participants (excluding Company directors and officers) purchasing $5 or more of the common shares had an option to finance their purchase through a down-payment of at least 10% of the total purchase price and a seven-year promissory note for the balance due with interest at 2%. Payments on the promissory note can be made either by payroll deductions or annual lump-sum payments of both principal and interest.

Common shares purchased under the plan have been pledged as security for the payment of the promissory note and the common shares will not be issued until the promissory note is paid-in-full. Dividends will be paid on all subscribed shares, subject to forfeiture to the extent that payment is not ultimately made for the shares.

All participants in the offering purchasing in excess of $5 of common shares were granted a "right" to purchase one additional common share at a price of $9.85 per share for every three common shares purchased under the plan. As a result of the stock subscription, employees were granted rights to purchase 423,600 common shares. Each right may be exercised at the rate of one-seventh per year and will expire seven years after the date that the right was granted. Employees may not exercise a right should they cease to be employed by the Company.


L.
Operations by Business Segment
We provide a wide range of arboricultural, horticultural, environmental and consulting services to residential, utility, commercial and government entities throughout the United States and Canada. We have two reportable operating segments organized by type or class of customer: Residential and Commercial, and Utility.
Residential and Commercial--Residential and Commercial provides services to our residential and commercial customers including: the treatment, preservation, maintenance, removal and planting of trees, shrubs and other plant life; the practice of landscaping, grounds maintenance, tree surgery, tree feeding and tree spraying; the application of fertilizer, herbicides and insecticides; and, natural resource management and consulting, forestry research and development, and environmental planning.

- 21 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



L.
Operations by Business Segment (continued)
Utility--Utility is principally engaged in providing services to our utility customers--investor-owned, municipal utilities, and rural electric cooperatives--including: the practice of line-clearing and vegetation management around power lines, rights-of-way and chemical brush control; and, natural resource management and consulting, forestry research and development, and environmental planning.
All other operating activities, including research, technical support and laboratory diagnostic facilities, are included in “All Other.”
Measurement of Segment Profit and Loss and Segment Assets--We evaluate performance and allocate resources based primarily on operating income and also actively manage business unit operating assets. Segment information, including reconciling adjustments, is presented consistent with the basis described in our 2016 Annual Report.    

Segment information reconciled to consolidated external reporting information follows:

- 22 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



L.
Operations by Business Segment (continued)
 
Utility
 
Residential and
Commercial
 
All
Other
 
Reconciling
Adjustments
 
 
Consolidated
Three Months Ended July 1, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
112,903

 
$
131,299

 
$
835

 
$

 
 
$
245,037

Income (loss) from operations
4,270

 
23,837

 
(1,312
)
 
(1,483
)
(a)
 
25,312

Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,072
)
 
 
(1,072
)
Interest income
 
 
 
 
 
 
73

 
 
73

Other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
(992
)
 
 
(992
)
Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
23,321

Segment assets, total
$
171,472

 
$
202,502

 
$

 
$
86,198

(b)
 
$
460,172

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended July 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
105,285

 
$
118,945

 
$
533

 
$

 
 
$
224,763

Income (loss) from operations
5,587

 
21,226

 
(980
)
 
(1,547
)
(a)
 
24,286

Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,062
)
 
 
(1,062
)
Interest income
 
 
 
 
 
 
60

 
 
60

Other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,156
)
 
 
(1,156
)
Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
22,128

Segment assets, total
$
159,824

 
$
181,945

 
$

 
$
84,375

(b)
 
$
426,144

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended July 1, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
225,381

 
$
210,886

 
$
1,583

 
$

 
 
$
437,850

Income (loss) from operations
6,928

 
20,255

 
(3,887
)
 
(2,326
)
(a)
 
20,970

Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,329
)
 
 
(2,329
)
Interest income
 
 
 
 
 
 
143

 
 
143

Other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,784
)
 
 
(1,784
)
Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
17,000

Segment assets, total
$
171,472

 
$
202,502

 
$

 
$
86,198

(b)
 
$
460,172

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended July 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
205,313

 
$
199,279

 
$
1,004

 
$

 
 
$
405,596

Income (loss) from operations
7,061

 
19,790

 
(4,086
)
 
(3,599
)
(a)
 
19,166

Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,027
)
 
 
(2,027
)
Interest income
 
 
 
 
 
 
128

 
 
128

Other income (expense), net
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,755
)
 
 
(1,755
)
Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
15,512

Segment assets, total
$
159,824

 
$
181,945

 
$

 
$
84,375

(b)
 
$
426,144

 
Reconciling adjustments from segment reporting to consolidated external financial reporting include unallocated corporate items:

(a)
Reclassification of depreciation expense and allocation of corporate expenses.
(b)
Corporate assets include cash, prepaid expenses, corporate facilities, enterprise-wide information systems and other nonoperating assets. 


- 23 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



M.
Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments
Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standard Codification 820, “Fair Value of Measurements and Disclosures (“Topic 820”)” defines fair value based on the price that would be received to sell an asset or the exit price that would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Market participants are defined as buyers or sellers in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability that are independent of the reporting entity, knowledgeable and able and willing to transact for the asset or liability.

Valuation Hierarchy--Topic 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes observable and unobservable inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels:
Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity has the ability to access.
Level 2 inputs are observable inputs other than prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated with observable market data.
Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.

Our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at July 1, 2017 were as follows:
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at
July 1, 2017 Using:
Assets and Liabilities Recorded at
Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
 
Total
Carrying
Value at
July 1, 2017
 
Quoted Prices
in
Active
Markets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets invested for self-insurance, classified as other assets, noncurrent
 
$
16,933

 
$
16,933

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation
 
$
1,985

 
$

 
$
1,985

 
$










- 24 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



M.
Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments (continued)
Our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2016 were as follows:
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at
December 31, 2016 Using:
Assets and Liabilities Recorded at
Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
 
Total
Carrying
Value at
December 31,
2016
 
Quoted Prices in
Active
Markets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets invested for self-insurance, classified as other assets, noncurrent
 
$
15,492

 
$
15,492

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation
 
$
1,837

 
$

 
$
1,837

 
$

The assets invested for self-insurance are money market funds--classified as Level 1--based on quoted market prices of the identical underlying securities in active markets. The estimated fair value of the deferred compensation--classified as Level 2--is based on the value of the Company's common shares, determined by independent valuation.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments--The fair values of our current financial assets and current liabilities, including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses, among others, approximate their reported carrying values because of their short-term nature. Financial instruments classified as noncurrent liabilities and their carrying values and fair values were as follows:
 
 
July 1, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair
Value
Revolving credit facility, noncurrent
 
$
102,500

 
$
102,500

 
$
67,000

 
$
67,000

Senior unsecured notes
 
18,000

 
18,497

 
18,000

 
18,509

Term loans, noncurrent
 
9,060

 
11,270

 
7,623

 
9,854

Total
 
$
129,560

 
$
132,267

 
$
92,623

 
$
95,363


The carrying value of our revolving credit facility approximates fair value--classified as Level 2--as the interest rates on the amounts outstanding are variable. The fair value of our senior unsecured notes and term loans--classified as Level 2--is determined based on expected future weighted-average interest rates with the same remaining maturities.

Market Risk--In the normal course of business, we are exposed to market risk related to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, changes in interest rates and changes in fuel prices. We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. In prior years, we have used derivative financial instruments to manage risk, in part, associated with changes in interest rates and changes in fuel prices. Presently, we are not engaged in any hedging or derivative activities.

- 25 -

The Davey Tree Expert Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
July 1, 2017
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)



N.
Contingencies
We are party to a number of lawsuits, threatened lawsuits and other claims arising out of the normal course of business. Management is of the opinion that liabilities which may result are adequately covered by insurance, or reflected in the self-insurance accruals, and would not be material in relation to the financial position or results of operations.



- 26 -


Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is provided as a supplement to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and notes to help provide an understanding of our financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.

We provide a wide range of arboricultural, horticultural, environmental and consulting services to residential, utility, commercial and government entities throughout the United States and Canada.

Our Business--Our operating results are reported in two segments: Residential and Commercial, and Utility. Residential and Commercial provides services to our residential and commercial customers including: the treatment, preservation, maintenance, removal and planting of trees, shrubs and other plant life; the practice of landscaping, grounds maintenance, tree surgery, tree feeding and tree spraying; the application of fertilizer, herbicides and insecticides; and, natural resource management and consulting, forestry research and development, and environmental planning. Utility is principally engaged in providing services to our utility customers--investor-owned, municipal utilities, and rural electric cooperatives--including: the practice of line-clearing and vegetation management around power lines, rights-of-way and chemical brush control; and, natural resource management and consulting, forestry research and development, and environmental planning. All other operating activities, including research, technical support and laboratory diagnostic facilities, are included in "All Other."

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations as a percentage of revenues and the percentage change in dollar amounts of the results of operations for the periods presented.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
 
Percentage
Change
 
July 1,
2017
 
July 2,
2016
 
Percentage
Change
Revenues
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating
61.8

 
61.0

 
.8

 
65.1

 
64.2

 
.9

Selling
16.7

 
16.4

 
.3

 
17.4

 
17.6

 
(.2
)
General and administrative
6.4

 
6.5

 
(.1
)
 
7.4

 
7.8