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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - VERINT SYSTEMS INCvrnt-ex322_20170430xform10.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - VERINT SYSTEMS INCvrnt-ex321_20170430xform10.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - VERINT SYSTEMS INCvrnt-ex312_20170430xform10.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - VERINT SYSTEMS INCvrnt-ex311_20170430xform10.htm
 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 
FORM 10-Q 
(Mark One)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2017
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from                                to                                     .
 
Commission File No. 001-34807
verintlogonov2015a02.jpg
Verint Systems Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter) 
Delaware
 
11-3200514
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or
Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
175 Broadhollow Road, Melville, New York
 
11747
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(631) 962-9600
 
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes þ No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company o
 
Emerging growth company o

 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o No þ
 
There were 62,674,730 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding on May 15, 2017.
 




Verint Systems Inc. and Subsidiaries
Index to Form 10-Q
As of and For the Period Ended April 30, 2017
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

i


Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, the provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). Forward-looking statements include financial projections, statements of plans and objectives for future operations, statements of future economic performance, and statements of assumptions relating thereto. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including without limitation, Part I, Item 2, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," and are often identified by future or conditional words such as "will", "plans", "expects", "intends", "believes", "seeks", "estimates", or "anticipates", or by variations of such words or by similar expressions. There can be no assurances that forward-looking statements will be achieved. By their very nature, forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other important factors that could cause our actual results or conditions to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Important risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors that could cause our actual results or conditions to differ materially from our forward-looking statements include, among others:
 
uncertainties regarding the impact of general economic conditions in the United States and abroad, particularly in information technology spending and government budgets, on our business;
risks associated with our ability to keep pace with technological changes, evolving industry standards, and customer challenges, such as the proliferation and strengthening of encryption, and the transition of portions of the software market to the cloud, to adapt to changing market potential from area to area within our markets, and to successfully develop, launch, and drive demand for new, innovative, high-quality products that meet or exceed customer needs, while simultaneously preserving our legacy businesses and migrating away from areas of commoditization;
risks due to aggressive competition in all of our markets, including with respect to maintaining margins and sufficient levels of investment in our business;
risks created by the continued consolidation of our competitors or the introduction of large competitors in our markets with greater resources than we have;
risks associated with our ability to successfully compete for, consummate, and implement mergers and acquisitions, including risks associated with valuations, capital constraints, costs and expenses, maintaining profitability levels, expansion into new areas, management distraction, post-acquisition integration activities, and potential asset impairments;
risks relating to our ability to effectively and efficiently enhance our existing operations and execute on our growth strategy and profitability goals, including managing investments in our business and operations, managing our cloud transition and our revenue mix, and enhancing and securing our internal and external operations;
risks associated with our ability to effectively and efficiently allocate limited financial and human resources to business, developmental, strategic, or other opportunities, and risk that such investments may not come to fruition or produce satisfactory returns;
risks that we may be unable to establish and maintain relationships with key resellers, partners, and systems integrators;
risks associated with our reliance on third-party suppliers, partners, or original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") for certain components, products, or services, including companies that may compete with us or work with our competitors;
risks associated with the mishandling or perceived mishandling of sensitive or confidential information and with security vulnerabilities or lapses, including information technology system breaches, failures, or disruptions;
risks that our products or services, or those of third-party suppliers, partners, or OEMs which we incorporate into our offerings or otherwise rely on, may contain defects or may be vulnerable to cyber-attacks;
risks associated with our significant international operations, including, among others, in Israel, Europe, and Asia, exposure to regions subject to political or economic instability, fluctuations in foreign exchange rates, and challenges associated with a significant portion of our cash being held overseas;

ii


risks associated with a significant amount of our business coming from domestic and foreign government customers, including the ability to maintain security clearances for applicable projects and reputational risks associated with our security solutions;
risks associated with complex and changing local and foreign regulatory environments in the jurisdictions in which we operate, including, among others, with respect to privacy, information security, trade compliance, anti-corruption, and regulations related to our security solutions;
risks associated with our ability to retain and recruit qualified personnel in regions in which we operate, including in new markets and growth areas we may enter;
challenges associated with selling sophisticated solutions, including with respect to educating our customers on the benefits of our solutions or assisting them in realizing such benefits;
challenges associated with pursuing larger sales opportunities, including with respect to longer sales cycles, transaction reductions, deferrals, or cancellations during the sales cycle, risk of customer concentration, our ability to accurately forecast when a sales opportunity will convert to an order, or to forecast revenue and expenses, and increased volatility of our operating results from period to period;
risks that our intellectual property rights may not be adequate to protect our business or assets or that others may make claims on our intellectual property or claim infringement on their intellectual property rights;
risks that our customers or partners delay or cancel orders or are unable to honor contractual commitments due to liquidity issues, challenges in their business, or otherwise;
risks that we may experience liquidity or working capital issues and related risks that financing sources may be unavailable to us on reasonable terms or at all;
risks associated with significant leverage resulting from our current debt position or our ability to incur additional debt, including with respect to liquidity considerations, covenant limitations and compliance, fluctuations in interest rates, dilution considerations (with respect to our convertible notes), and our ability to maintain our credit ratings;
risks arising as a result of contingent or other obligations or liabilities assumed in our acquisition of our former parent company, Comverse Technology, Inc. ("CTI"), or associated with formerly being consolidated with, and part of a consolidated tax group with, CTI, or as a result of CTI's former subsidiary, Comverse, Inc. (now known as Mavenir Inc.), being unwilling or unable to provide us with certain indemnities or transition services to which we are entitled;
risks relating to the adequacy of our existing infrastructure, systems, processes, policies, procedures, and personnel and our ability to successfully implement and maintain enhancements to the foregoing and adequate systems and internal controls for our current and future operations and reporting needs, including related risks of financial statement omissions, misstatements, restatements, or filing delays; and
risks associated with changing accounting principles, tax rates, tax laws and regulations, and the continuing availability of expected tax benefits.
These risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and challenges, as well as other factors, are discussed in greater detail in "Risk Factors" under Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2017. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect our management’s view only as of the date of this report. We make no commitment to revise or update any forward-looking statements in order to reflect events or circumstances after the date any such statement is made, except as otherwise required under the federal securities laws. If we were in any particular instance to update or correct a forward-looking statement, investors and others should not conclude that we would make additional updates or corrections thereafter except as otherwise required under the federal securities laws.


iii


Part I

Item 1.     Financial Statements






1


VERINT SYSTEMS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
 
April 30,
 
January 31,
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

2017
 
2017
Assets

 


 

Current Assets:

 


 

Cash and cash equivalents

$
340,091


$
307,363

Restricted cash and bank time deposits

12,623


9,198

Short-term investments
 
4,533

 
3,184

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1.9 million and $1.8 million, respectively

265,180


266,590

Inventories

18,149


17,537

Deferred cost of revenue

3,227


3,621

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

66,652


64,561

  Total current assets

710,455


672,054

Property and equipment, net

78,674


77,551

Goodwill

1,281,288


1,264,818

Intangible assets, net

224,570


235,259

Capitalized software development costs, net

8,877


9,509

Long-term deferred cost of revenue

4,880


5,463

Other assets

90,778


98,130

  Total assets

$
2,399,522


$
2,362,784








Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 


 

Current Liabilities:

 


 

Accounts payable

$
64,952


$
62,049

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

221,939


217,835

Deferred revenue

202,162


182,515

  Total current liabilities

489,053


462,399

Long-term debt

746,312


744,260

Long-term deferred revenue

19,904


20,912

Other liabilities

121,181


120,173

  Total liabilities

1,376,450


1,347,744

Commitments and Contingencies






Stockholders' Equity:

 


 

Preferred stock - $0.001 par value; authorized 2,207,000 shares at April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017, respectively; none issued.
 

 

Common stock - $0.001 par value; authorized 120,000,000 shares. Issued 64,329,000 and 64,073,000 shares; outstanding 62,675,000 and 62,419,000 shares at April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017, respectively.

64


64

Additional paid-in capital

1,462,778


1,449,335

Treasury stock, at cost - 1,654,000 shares at April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017, respectively.

(57,147
)

(57,147
)
Accumulated deficit

(251,471
)

(230,816
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(142,518
)

(154,856
)
Total Verint Systems Inc. stockholders' equity

1,011,706


1,006,580

Noncontrolling interests

11,366


8,460

  Total stockholders' equity

1,023,072


1,015,040

  Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$
2,399,522


$
2,362,784


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


VERINT SYSTEMS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
2017
 
2016
Revenue:
 
 

 
 

Product
 
$
89,817

 
$
75,712

Service and support
 
171,178

 
169,712

  Total revenue
 
260,995

 
245,424

Cost of revenue:
 
 

 
 

Product
 
33,924

 
26,383

Service and support
 
67,345

 
65,131

Amortization of acquired technology
 
9,534

 
9,180

  Total cost of revenue
 
110,803

 
100,694

Gross profit
 
150,192

 
144,730

Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

Research and development, net
 
46,233

 
44,720

Selling, general and administrative
 
101,807

 
100,035

Amortization of other acquired intangible assets
 
11,537

 
11,266

  Total operating expenses
 
159,577

 
156,021

Operating loss
 
(9,385
)
 
(11,291
)
Other income (expense), net:
 
 

 
 

Interest income
 
330

 
153

Interest expense
 
(8,988
)
 
(8,544
)
Other (expense) income, net
 
(1,889
)
 
3,819

  Total other expense, net
 
(10,547
)
 
(4,572
)
Loss before (benefit) provision for income taxes
 
(19,932
)
 
(15,863
)
(Benefit) provision for income taxes
 
(892
)
 
330

Net loss
 
(19,040
)
 
(16,193
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
746

 
1,263

Net loss attributable to Verint Systems Inc.
 
$
(19,786
)
 
$
(17,456
)
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per common share attributable to Verint Systems Inc.:
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
(0.32
)
 
$
(0.28
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.32
)
 
$
(0.28
)
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
62,485

 
62,258

Diluted
 
62,485

 
62,258

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.





3


VERINT SYSTEMS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income
(Unaudited) 
 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2016
Net loss
 
$
(19,040
)
 
$
(16,193
)
Other comprehensive income, net of reclassification adjustments:
 
 

 
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
9,673

 
13,531

Net unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities
 

 
105

Net unrealized gains on foreign exchange contracts designated as hedges
 
3,250

 
4,788

Net unrealized losses on interest rate swap designated as a hedge
 
(33
)
 
(429
)
Provision for income taxes on net unrealized gains (losses) on foreign exchange contracts and interest rate swap designated as hedges
 
(326
)
 
(536
)
Other comprehensive income
 
12,564

 
17,459

Comprehensive (loss) income
 
(6,476
)
 
1,266

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
972

 
1,562

Comprehensive loss attributable to Verint Systems Inc.
 
$
(7,448
)
 
$
(296
)
 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


VERINT SYSTEMS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
 
 
Verint Systems Inc. Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Total Verint Systems Inc. Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
(in thousands) 
 
Shares
 
Par
Value
 
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
 
 
Non-controlling
Interests
 
Balances at January 31, 2016
 
62,266

 
$
63

 
$
1,387,955

 
$
(10,251
)
 
$
(201,436
)
 
$
(116,194
)
 
$
1,060,137

 
$
8,027

 
$
1,068,164

Net (loss) income
 

 

 

 

 
(17,456
)
 

 
(17,456
)
 
1,263

 
(16,193
)
Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 
17,160

 
17,160

 
299

 
17,459

Stock-based compensation - equity-classified awards
 

 

 
13,966

 

 

 

 
13,966

 

 
13,966

Exercises of stock options
 

 

 
1

 

 

 

 
1

 

 
1

Common stock issued for stock awards and stock bonuses
 
432

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of treasury stock
 
(500
)
 

 

 
(17,162
)
 

 

 
(17,162
)
 

 
(17,162
)
Tax effects from stock award plans
 

 

 
(25
)
 

 

 

 
(25
)
 

 
(25
)
Balances at April 30, 2016
 
62,198

 
$
63

 
$
1,401,897

 
$
(27,413
)
 
$
(218,892
)
 
$
(99,034
)
 
$
1,056,621


$
9,589

 
$
1,066,210

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances at January 31, 2017
 
62,419

 
$
64

 
$
1,449,335

 
$
(57,147
)
 
$
(230,816
)
 
$
(154,856
)
 
$
1,006,580

 
$
8,460

 
$
1,015,040

Net (loss) income
 

 

 

 

 
(19,786
)
 

 
(19,786
)
 
746

 
(19,040
)
Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 
12,338

 
12,338

 
226

 
12,564

Stock-based compensation - equity-classified awards
 

 

 
13,443

 

 

 

 
13,443

 

 
13,443

Common stock issued for stock awards and stock bonuses
 
256

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Initial noncontrolling interest related to business combination
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
2,300

 
2,300

Capital contribution by noncontrolling interest
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
350

 
350

Dividends to noncontrolling interest
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(716
)
 
(716
)
Cumulative effect from adoption of ASU No. 2016-16
 

 

 

 

 
(869
)
 

 
(869
)
 

 
(869
)
Balances at April 30, 2017
 
62,675

 
$
64

 
$
1,462,778

 
$
(57,147
)
 
$
(251,471
)
 
$
(142,518
)
 
$
1,011,706

 
$
11,366

 
$
1,023,072

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


VERINT SYSTEMS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands) 
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Net loss
 
$
(19,040
)
 
$
(16,193
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
29,422

 
28,335

Stock-based compensation, excluding cash-settled awards
 
17,620

 
15,312

Amortization of discount on convertible notes
 
2,756

 
2,614

Non-cash losses on derivative financial instruments, net
 
370

 
1,558

Other non-cash items, net
 
4,605

 
2,747

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of business combinations:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
 
1,633

 
25,545

Inventories
 
(942
)
 
(2,587
)
Deferred cost of revenue
 
977

 
550

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
1,512

 
(1,392
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
41

 
(16,090
)
Deferred revenue
 
18,139

 
21,509

Other, net
 
2,668

 
(46
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
59,761

 
61,862

 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Cash paid for business combinations, including adjustments, net of cash acquired
 
(13,922
)
 
(69,751
)
Purchases of property and equipment
 
(7,159
)
 
(9,441
)
Purchases of investments
 
(1,500
)
 
(24,967
)
Maturities and sales of investments
 
300

 
32,908

Cash paid for capitalized software development costs
 
(148
)
 
(696
)
Change in restricted cash and bank time deposits, including long-term portion, and other investing activities, net
 
311

 
693

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(22,118
)
 
(71,254
)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 

 
 

Repayments of borrowings and other financing obligations
 
(1,395
)
 
(149
)
Proceeds from exercises of stock options
 

 
1

Purchases of treasury stock
 

 
(17,162
)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interest
 
(716
)
 

Payments of contingent consideration for business combinations (financing portion)
 
(1,750
)
 
(2,947
)
Other financing activities, net
 
278

 
(600
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(3,583
)
 
(20,857
)
Effect of foreign currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(1,332
)
 
2,049

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
 
32,728

 
(28,200
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
307,363

 
352,105

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
340,091

 
$
323,905


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


VERINT SYSTEMS INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


1.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Description of Business
 
Unless the context otherwise requires, the terms "Verint", "we", "us", and "our" in these notes to consolidated financial statements refer to Verint Systems Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
 
Verint is a global leader in Actionable Intelligence solutions. Actionable Intelligence is a necessity in a dynamic world of massive information growth because it empowers organizations with crucial insights and enables decision makers to anticipate, respond, and take action. With Verint solutions and value-added services, organizations of all sizes and across many industries can make more informed, timely, and effective decisions. Today, over 10,000 organizations in more than 180 countries, including over 80 percent of the Fortune 100, use Verint solutions to optimize customer engagement and make the world a safer place.

Verint delivers its Actionable Intelligence solutions through two operating segments: Customer Engagement Solutions and Cyber Intelligence Solutions.

We have established leadership positions in Actionable Intelligence by developing highly-scalable, enterprise-class software and services with advanced, integrated analytics for both unstructured and structured information. Our innovative solutions are developed by a large research and development (“R&D”) team comprised of approximately 1,400 professionals and backed by more than 800 patents and patent applications worldwide.

To help our customers maximize the benefits of our technology over the solution lifecycle and provide a high degree of flexibility, we offer a broad range of services, such as strategic consulting, managed services, implementation services, training, maintenance, and 24x7 support. Additionally, we offer a broad range of deployment options, including cloud, on-premises, and hybrid, and software licensing and delivery models that include perpetual licenses and software as a service (“SaaS”).

Headquartered in Melville, New York, we support our customers around the globe directly and with an extensive network of selling and support partners.

Preparation of Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") and on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") for the year ended January 31, 2017. The condensed consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive (loss) income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the periods ended April 30, 2017 and 2016, and the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2017, are not audited but reflect all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature and that are considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the periods shown. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2017 is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2017. Certain information and disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements have been omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Because the condensed consolidated interim financial statements do not include all of the information and disclosures required by GAAP for a complete set of financial statements, they should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC for the year ended January 31, 2017. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of a full year’s results.

Recasting of Prior Period Segment Information

Through July 31, 2016, we were organized and had reported our operating results in three operating segments. In August 2016, we reorganized into two businesses and now report our results in two operating segments, as further discussed in Note 14, "Segment Information". Comparative segment financial information for prior periods appearing in Note 5, "Intangible Assets and Goodwill" and Note 14, "Segment Information", has been recast to conform to this revised segment structure.



7


Principles of Consolidation
 
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Verint Systems Inc., our wholly owned or otherwise controlled subsidiaries, and a joint venture in which we hold a 50% equity interest.  The joint venture is a variable interest entity in which we are the primary beneficiary. Noncontrolling interests in less than wholly owned subsidiaries are reflected within stockholders’ equity on our condensed consolidated balance sheet, but separately from our stockholders' equity. We hold an option to acquire the noncontrolling interests in two majority owned subsidiaries and we account for the option as an in-substance investment in the noncontrolling common stock of each such subsidiary. We include the fair value of the option within other liabilities and do not recognize noncontrolling interests in these subsidiaries.

We include the results of operations of acquired companies from the date of acquisition. All significant intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated.

Investments in companies in which we have less than a 20% ownership interest and cannot exercise significant influence are accounted for at cost.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires our management to make estimates and assumptions, which may affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Accounts Receivable, Net

Accounts receivable, net, includes unbilled accounts receivable on arrangements recognized under contract accounting methods, representing revenue recognized on contracts for which billing will occur in subsequent periods, in accordance with the terms of the contracts. Unbilled accounts receivable on such contracts were $57.2 million and $39.7 million at April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017, respectively.

Under most contracts, unbilled accounts receivable are typically billed and collected within one year of revenue recognition. However, as of April 30, 2017, we have unbilled accounts receivable on certain complex projects with a long-standing customer for which the underlying billing milestones are still in progress and have remained unbilled for periods in excess of one year, and in some cases, for several years. Unbilled accounts receivable from this customer have declined significantly over the past year. We have no history of uncollectible accounts with this customer and believe that collection of all unbilled amounts is reasonably assured. We expect billing and collection of all unbilled accounts receivable from this customer to occur within the next twelve months.

Significant Accounting Policies

Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2017. There were no material changes to our significant accounting policies during the three months ended April 30, 2017.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
New Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2016-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), which amends the accounting for stock-based compensation and requires excess tax benefits and deficiencies to be recognized as a component of income tax expense rather than stockholders' equity. This guidance also requires excess tax benefits to be presented as an operating activity on the consolidated statements of cash flows and allows an entity to make an accounting policy election to either estimate expected forfeitures or to account for them as they occur. ASU No. 2016-09 was effective for us on February 1, 2017. The adoption did not result in a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings, and in accordance with the new guidance, we recorded certain tax effects from stock-based compensation awards as components of the benefit for income taxes for the three months ended April 30, 2017, whereas such tax effects were previously recognized in stockholders’ equity.  These tax effects were not material for the three months ended April 30, 2017. Our accounting for forfeitures of stock-based compensation awards has not changed because we have

8


elected to continue our current policy of estimating expected forfeitures. The effects of adopting the other provisions of ASU No. 2016-09 were not material to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, which requires entities to recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted as of the beginning of an annual reporting period. The new standard must be adopted using a modified retrospective transition method, with the cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial adoption. We have elected to early adopt this standard as of February 1, 2017, resulting in a $0.9 million cumulative charge to retained deficit, a $1.3 million reduction to other current assets, and a $0.4 million increase in other assets.

New Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Effective

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, and ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.

ASU No. 2017-01 clarifies the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The definition of a business affects many areas of accounting including acquisitions, disposals, goodwill, and consolidation. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. While we are still assessing the impact of this standard, we do not believe that the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

ASU No. 2017-04 eliminates Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test and requires a goodwill impairment to be measured as the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of its goodwill. The ASU is effective for annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019.  While we are still assessing the impact of this standard, we do not believe that the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. This update requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. This update also requires an entity to disclose the nature of restrictions on its cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. ASU No. 2016-18 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years with early adoption permitted, including adoption in an interim period. We typically have restrictions on certain amounts of cash and cash equivalents, primarily consisting of amounts used to secure bank guarantees in connection with sales contract performance obligations, and expect to continue to have similar restrictions in the future. We currently report changes in such restricted amounts as cash flows from investing activities on our consolidated statement of cash flows. This standard will change that presentation. We are currently reviewing this standard to assess other potential impacts on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which provides guidance with the intent of reducing diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU No. 2016-15 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years with early adoption permitted, including adoption in an interim period. We are currently reviewing this standard to assess the impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326). This new standard changes the impairment model for most financial assets and certain other instruments. Entities will be required to use a model that will result in the earlier recognition of allowances for losses for trade and other receivables, held-to-maturity debt securities, loans, and other instruments. For available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses, the losses will be recognized as allowances rather than as reductions in the amortized cost of the securities. The new standard is effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We are currently reviewing this standard to assess the impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.


9


In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which will require lessees to recognize assets and liabilities for leases with lease terms of more than 12 months. Consistent with current GAAP, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. However, unlike current GAAP, which requires only capital leases to be recognized on the balance sheet, the new guidance will require both types of leases to be recognized on the balance sheet.  The new guidance is effective for all periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and we are currently evaluating the effects that the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 will have on our consolidated financial statements, but anticipate that the new guidance will significantly impact our condensed consolidated financial statements given our significant number of leases.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU No. 2014-09 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific revenue recognition guidance throughout the Industry Topics of the Accounting Standards Codification. Additionally, this update supersedes some cost guidance included in Subtopic 605-35, Revenue Recognition-Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. As originally issued, this guidance was effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and early adoption was not permitted. In July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date by one year, to interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted, but not before the original effective date of December 15, 2016. The standard allows entities to apply the standard retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (“full retrospective adoption”) or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard recognized at the date of initial application (“modified retrospective adoption”). We currently expect to adopt ASU No. 2014-09 using the modified retrospective option.

We are continuing to review the impacts of adopting ASU No. 2014-09 to our condensed consolidated financial statements. Based upon our preliminary assessments, we currently do not expect the new standard to materially impact the amount or timing of the majority of revenue recognized in our condensed consolidated financial statements. We are still assessing the impact on the timing of revenue recognized under certain contracts under which customized solutions are delivered over extended periods of time.

In addition, the timing of cost of revenue recognition for certain customer contracts requiring significant customization will change, because unlike current guidance, the new guidance precludes the deferral of costs simply to obtain an even profit margin over the contract term. We are also assessing the new standard’s requirement to capitalize costs associated with obtaining customer contracts, including commission payments, which are currently expensed as incurred. Under the new standard, these costs will be deferred on our consolidated balance sheet. We are evaluating the period over which to amortize these capitalized costs. In addition, for sales transactions that have been billed, but for which the recognition of revenue has been deferred and the related account receivable has not been collected, we currently do not recognize deferred revenue or the related accounts receivable on our consolidated balance sheet. Under the new standard, we will record accounts receivable and related contract liabilities for noncancelable contracts with customers when the right to consideration is unconditional, which we currently expect will result in increases in accounts receivable and contract liabilities (currently presented as deferred revenue) on our consolidated balance sheet, compared to our current presentation. Our preliminary assessments of the impacts to our condensed consolidated financial statements of adopting this new standard are subject to change.


2.
NET LOSS PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO VERINT SYSTEMS INC.
 
The following table summarizes the calculation of basic and diluted net loss per common share attributable to Verint Systems Inc. for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016:

10


 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands, except per share amounts) 
 
2017
 
2016
Net loss
 
$
(19,040
)
 
$
(16,193
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
746

 
1,263

Net loss attributable to Verint Systems Inc.
 
$
(19,786
)
 
$
(17,456
)
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
62,485

 
62,258

Dilutive effect of employee equity award plans
 

 

Dilutive effect of 1.50% convertible senior notes
 

 

Dilutive effect of warrants
 

 

Diluted
 
62,485

 
62,258

Net loss per common share attributable to Verint Systems Inc.:
 
 

 
 

Basic
 
$
(0.32
)
 
$
(0.28
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.32
)
 
$
(0.28
)

We excluded the following weighted-average potential common shares from the calculations of diluted net loss per common share during the applicable periods because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:
 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands) 
 
2017
 
2016
Common shares excluded from calculation:
 
 

 
 

Stock options and restricted stock-based awards
 
2,125

 
2,247

1.50% convertible senior notes
 
6,205

 
6,205

Warrants
 
6,205

 
6,205


In periods for which we report a net loss attributable to Verint Systems Inc., basic net loss per common share and diluted net loss per common share are identical since the effect of all potential common shares is anti-dilutive and therefore excluded.

Our 1.50% convertible senior notes ("Notes") will not impact the calculation of diluted net income per share unless the average price of our common stock, as calculated in accordance with the terms of the indenture governing the Notes, exceeds the conversion price of $64.46 per share. Likewise, diluted net income per share will not include any effect from the Warrants (as defined in Note 6, "Long-Term Debt") unless the average price of our common stock, as calculated under the terms of the Warrants, exceeds the exercise price of $75.00 per share.

Our Note Hedges (as defined in Note 6, "Long-Term Debt") do not impact the calculation of diluted net income per share under the treasury stock method, because their effect would be anti-dilutive. However, in the event of an actual conversion of any or all of the Notes, the common shares that would be delivered to us under the Note Hedges would neutralize the dilutive effect of the common shares that we would issue under the Notes. As a result, actual conversion of any or all of the Notes would not increase our outstanding common stock. Up to 6,205,000 common shares could be issued upon exercise of the Warrants. Further details regarding the Notes, Note Hedges, and the Warrants appear in Note 6, "Long-Term Debt".


3. CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND SHORT-TERM INVESTMENTS

The following tables summarize our cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments as of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017:

11


 
 
April 30, 2017
(in thousands) 
 
Cost Basis
 
Gross Unrealized Gains
 
Gross Unrealized Losses
 
Estimated Fair Value
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and bank time deposits
 
$
339,915

 
$

 
$

 
$
339,915

Money market funds
 
176

 

 

 
176

Total cash and cash equivalents
 
$
340,091

 
$

 
$

 
$
340,091

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bank time deposits
 
$
4,533

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,533

Total short-term investments
 
$
4,533

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,533

 
 
January 31, 2017
(in thousands)
 
Cost Basis
 
Gross Unrealized Gains
 
Gross Unrealized Losses
 
Estimated Fair Value
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and bank time deposits
 
$
307,188

 
$

 
$

 
$
307,188

Money market funds
 
175

 

 

 
175

Total cash and cash equivalents
 
$
307,363

 
$

 
$

 
$
307,363

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bank time deposits
 
$
3,184

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,184

Total short-term investments
 
$
3,184

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,184


Bank time deposits which are reported within short-term investments consist of deposits held outside of the U.S. with maturities of greater than 90 days, or without specified maturity dates which we intend to hold for periods in excess of 90 days. All other bank deposits are included within cash and cash equivalents.

During the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016, proceeds from maturities and sales of short-term investments were $0.3 million and $32.9 million, respectively.


4.
BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

Three Months Ended April 30, 2017

During the three months ended April 30, 2017, we completed two transactions that qualified as business combinations in our Customer Engagement segment, one of which retained a noncontrolling interest. These business combinations were not material to our condensed consolidated financial statements individually or in the aggregate.

Year Ended January 31, 2017

Contact Solutions, LLC

On February 19, 2016, we completed the acquisition of Contact Solutions, LLC ("Contact Solutions"), a provider of real-time, contextual self-service solutions, based in Reston, Virginia. The purchase price consisted of $66.9 million of cash paid at closing, and a $2.5 million post-closing purchase price adjustment based upon a determination of Contact Solutions' acquisition-date working capital, which was paid during the three months ended July 31, 2016. The cash paid for this acquisition was funded with cash on hand.

The purchase price for Contact Solutions was allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values on the acquisition dates, with the remaining unallocated purchase price recorded as goodwill. The fair value assigned to identifiable intangible assets acquired were determined primarily by using the income approach, which discounts expected future cash flows to present value using estimates and assumptions determined by management.

12



Among the factors contributing to the recognition of goodwill as a component of the Contact Solutions purchase price allocation were synergies in products and technologies, and the addition of a skilled, assembled workforce. This goodwill has been assigned to our Customer Engagement segment and is deductible for income tax purposes.

In connection with the purchase price allocation for Contact Solutions, the estimated fair value of undelivered performance obligations under customer contracts assumed in the acquisition was determined utilizing a cost build-up approach. The cost build-up approach calculates fair value by estimating the costs required to fulfill the obligations plus a reasonable profit margin, which approximates the amount that we believe would be required to pay a third party to assume the performance obligations. The estimated costs to fulfill the performance obligations were based on the historical direct costs for delivering similar services. As a result, in allocating the purchase price, we recorded $0.6 million of current and long-term deferred revenue, representing the estimated fair value of undelivered performance obligations for which payment had been received, which will be recognized as revenue as the underlying performance obligations are delivered. For undelivered performance obligations for which payment had not yet been received, we recorded a $2.9 million asset as a component of the purchase price allocation, representing the estimated fair value of these obligations, $1.2 million of which was included within prepaid expenses and other current assets, and $1.7 million of which was included in other assets. We are amortizing this asset over the underlying delivery periods, which adjusts the revenue we recognize for providing these services to its estimated fair value.

Transaction and related costs directly related to the acquisition of Contact Solutions, consisting primarily of professional fees and integration expenses, were $0.1 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and were expensed as incurred in selling, general and administrative expenses.

OpinionLab, Inc.

On November 16, 2016, we completed the acquisition of all of the outstanding shares of Chicago, Illinois-based OpinionLab, Inc. ("OpinionLab"), a leading SaaS provider of omnichannel Voice of Customer (“VoC”) feedback solutions which help organizations collect, understand, and leverage customer insights, helping drive smarter, real-time business action.

The purchase price consisted of $56.4 million of cash paid at the closing, funded from cash on hand, partially offset by $6.4 million of OpinionLab's cash received in the acquisition, resulting in net cash consideration at closing of $50.0 million, and we agreed to pay potential additional future cash consideration of up to $28.0 million, contingent upon the achievement of certain performance targets over the period from closing through January 31, 2021, the acquisition date fair value of which was estimated to be $15.0 million. The purchase price is subject to customary purchase price adjustments related to the final determination of OpinionLab's cash, net working capital, transaction expenses, and taxes as of November 16, 2016. The acquired business has been integrated into our Customer Engagement operating segment.

The purchase price for OpinionLab was allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values on the acquisition dates, with the remaining unallocated purchase price recorded as goodwill. The fair value assigned to identifiable intangible assets acquired were determined primarily by using the income approach, which discounts expected future cash flows to present value using estimates and assumptions determined by management.

Among the factors contributing to the recognition of goodwill as a component of the OpinionLab purchase price allocation were synergies in products and technologies, and the addition of a skilled, assembled workforce. This goodwill has been assigned to our Customer Engagement segment and is not deductible for income tax purposes.

In connection with the purchase price allocation for OpinionLab, the estimated fair value of undelivered performance obligations under customer contracts assumed in the acquisition was determined utilizing a cost build-up approach. The cost build-up approach calculates fair value by estimating the costs required to fulfill the obligations plus a reasonable profit margin, which approximates the amount that we believe would be required to pay a third party to assume the performance obligations. The estimated costs to fulfill the performance obligations were based on the historical direct costs for delivering similar services. As a result, in allocating the purchase price, we recorded $3.1 million of current and long-term deferred revenue, representing the estimated fair value of undelivered performance obligations for which payment had been received, which will be recognized as revenue as the underlying performance obligations are delivered. For undelivered performance obligations for which payment had not yet been received, we recorded a $5.4 million asset as a component of the purchase price allocation, representing the estimated fair value of these obligations, $3.4 million of which was included within prepaid expenses and other current assets, and $2.0 million of which was included in other assets. We are amortizing this asset over the underlying delivery periods, which adjusts the revenue we recognize for providing these services to its estimated fair value.


13


The purchase price allocation for OpinionLab has been prepared on a preliminary basis and changes to the allocation may occur as additional information becomes available during the measurement period (up to one year from the acquisition date). Fair values still under review include values assigned to identifiable intangible assets and certain pre-acquisition loss contingencies.

Transaction and related costs directly related to the acquisition of OpinionLab, consisting primarily of professional fees and integration expenses, were $0.2 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017, and were expensed as incurred within selling, general and administrative expenses.

The following table sets forth the components and the allocations of the purchase prices for our acquisitions of Contact Solutions and OpinionLab.
(in thousands)
 
Contact Solutions
 
OpinionLab
Components of Purchase Price:
 
 

 
 
Cash paid at closing
 
$
66,915

 
$
56,355

Fair value of contingent consideration
 

 
15,000

Other purchase price adjustments
 
2,518

 

Total purchase price
 
$
69,433

 
$
71,355

 
 
 
 
 
Allocation of Purchase Price:
 
 

 
 
Net tangible assets (liabilities):
 
 

 
 
Accounts receivable
 
$
8,102

 
$
748

Other current assets, including cash acquired
 
2,392

 
10,625

Property and equipment, net
 
7,007

 
298

Other assets
 
1,904

 
2,036

Current and other liabilities
 
(4,943
)
 
(1,600
)
Deferred revenue - current and long-term
 
(642
)
 
(3,082
)
Deferred Income Taxes - current and long-term
 

 
(9,995
)
Net tangible assets (liabilities)
 
13,820

 
(970
)
Identifiable intangible assets:
 
 

 
 
Customer relationships
 
18,000

 
19,100

Developed technology
 
13,100

 
10,400

Trademarks and trade names
 
2,400

 
1,800

Total identifiable intangible assets
 
33,500

 
31,300

Goodwill
 
22,113

 
41,025

Total purchase price allocation
 
$
69,433

 
$
71,355


For the acquisition of Contact Solutions, the acquired customer relationships, developed technology, and trademarks and trade names were assigned estimated useful lives of ten years, four years, and five years, respectively, the weighted average of which is approximately 7.3 years.

For the acquisition of OpinionLab, the acquired customer relationships, developed technology, and trademarks and trade names were assigned estimated useful lives of ten years, six years, and four years, respectively, the weighted average of which is approximately 8.3 years.

The weighted-average estimated useful life of all finite-lived identifiable intangible assets acquired during the year ended January 31, 2017 is 7.8 years.

The acquired identifiable intangible assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis, which we believe approximates the pattern in which the assets are utilized, over their estimated useful lives.

Other Business Combinations

During the year ended January 31, 2017, in addition to the acquisitions of Contact Solutions and OpinionLab, we completed two transactions that qualified as business combinations in our Customer Engagement segment. These business combinations were not material to our condensed consolidated financial statements individually or in the aggregate.


14


Other Business Combination Information

The acquisition date fair values of contingent consideration obligations associated with business combinations are estimated based on probability adjusted present values of the consideration expected to be transferred using significant inputs that are not observable in the market. Key assumptions used in these estimates include probability assessments with respect to the likelihood of achieving the performance targets and discount rates consistent with the level of risk of achievement. At each reporting date, we revalue the contingent consideration obligations to their fair values and record increases and decreases in fair value within selling, general and administrative expenses in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. Changes in the fair value of the contingent consideration obligations result from changes in discount periods and rates, and changes in probability assumptions with respect to the likelihood of achieving the performance targets.

In connection with an immaterial business combination that closed during the three months ended April 30, 2017, we recorded a contingent consideration obligation with a fair value of $1.9 million.

For the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016, we recorded $3.5 million and $0.7 million respectively, within selling, general and administrative expenses for changes in the fair values of contingent consideration obligations associated with business combinations. The aggregate fair values of the remaining contingent consideration obligations associated with business combinations was $55.7 million at April 30, 2017, of which $12.1 million was recorded within accrued expenses and other current liabilities, and $43.6 million was recorded within other liabilities.

Payments of contingent consideration earned under these agreements were $2.4 million and $3.0 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.


5.
INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
 
Acquisition-related intangible assets consisted of the following as of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017:
 
 
 
April 30, 2017
(in thousands)
 
Cost
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Intangible assets, with finite lives:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Customer relationships
 
$
412,094

 
$
(257,105
)
 
$
154,989

Acquired technology
 
235,453

 
(176,333
)
 
59,120

Trade names
 
24,086

 
(15,182
)
 
8,904

Non-competition agreements
 
3,047

 
(2,590
)
 
457

Distribution network
 
4,440

 
(4,440
)
 

Total intangible assets with finite lives
 
679,120

 
(455,650
)
 
223,470

In-process research and development, with indefinite lives
 
1,100

 

 
1,100

    Total intangible assets
 
$
680,220

 
$
(455,650
)
 
$
224,570

 
 
 
January 31, 2017
(in thousands)
 
Cost
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Intangible assets, with finite lives:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Customer relationships
 
$
403,657

 
$
(244,792
)
 
$
158,865

Acquired technology
 
233,982

 
(168,653
)
 
65,329

Trade names
 
23,493

 
(14,187
)
 
9,306

Non-competition agreements
 
3,047

 
(2,499
)
 
548

Distribution network
 
4,440

 
(4,329
)
 
111

Total intangible assets with finite lives
 
668,619

 
(434,460
)
 
234,159

In-process research and development, with indefinite lives
 
1,100

 

 
1,100

    Total intangible assets
 
$
669,719

 
$
(434,460
)
 
$
235,259



15


The following table presents net acquisition-related intangible assets by reportable segment as of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017: 
 
 
April 30,
 
January 31,
(in thousands)

2017

2017
Customer Engagement

$
201,122


$
207,436

Cyber Intelligence

23,448


27,823

Total

$
224,570


$
235,259

 
Total amortization expense recorded for acquisition-related intangible assets was $21.1 million and $20.5 million for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The reported amount of net acquisition-related intangible assets can fluctuate from the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on intangible assets not denominated in U.S. dollars.

Estimated future amortization expense on finite-lived acquisition-related intangible assets is as follows:
(in thousands)

 

Years Ending January 31,

Amount
2018 (remainder of year)

$
49,376

2019

43,534

2020

34,219

2021

25,723

2022

22,532

2023 and thereafter

48,086

   Total

$
223,470

 
Goodwill activity for the three months ended April 30, 2017, in total and by reportable segment, was as follows: 
 
 
 
 
Reportable Segment
(in thousands)
 
Total
 
Customer Engagement
 
Cyber
Intelligence
Year Ended January 31, 2017:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill, gross, at January 31, 2017
 
$
1,331,683

 
$
1,188,022

 
$
143,661

Accumulated impairment losses through January 31, 2017
 
(66,865
)
 
(56,043
)
 
(10,822
)
   Goodwill, net, at January 31, 2017
 
1,264,818

 
1,131,979

 
132,839

Business combinations
 
8,317

 
8,317

 

Foreign currency translation and other
 
8,153

 
8,204

 
(51
)
   Goodwill, net, at April 30, 2017
 
$
1,281,288

 
$
1,148,500

 
$
132,788

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at April 30, 2017:
 


 
 

 
 

Goodwill, gross, at April 30, 2017
 
$
1,348,153

 
$
1,204,543

 
$
143,610

Accumulated impairment losses through April 30, 2017
 
(66,865
)
 
(56,043
)
 
(10,822
)
   Goodwill, net, at April 30, 2017
 
$
1,281,288

 
$
1,148,500

 
$
132,788

No events or circumstances indicating the potential for goodwill impairment were identified during the three months ended April 30, 2017.


6.
LONG-TERM DEBT

The following table summarizes our long-term debt at April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017: 

16


 
 
April 30,
 
January 31,
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
1.50% Convertible Senior Notes
 
$
400,000

 
$
400,000

February 2014 Term Loans
 
129,726

 
130,060

March 2014 Term Loans
 
278,261

 
278,978

Other debt
 
366

 
404

Less: Unamortized debt discounts and issuance costs
 
(57,468
)
 
(60,571
)
Total debt
 
750,885

 
748,871

Less: current maturities
 
4,573

 
4,611

Long-term debt
 
$
746,312

 
$
744,260


Current maturities of long-term debt are reported within accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

1.50% Convertible Senior Notes

On June 18, 2014, we issued $400.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 1.50% convertible senior notes ("Notes") due June 1, 2021, unless earlier converted by the holders pursuant to their terms. Net proceeds from the Notes after underwriting discounts were $391.9 million. The Notes pay interest in cash semiannually in arrears at a rate of 1.50% per annum.

The Notes were issued concurrently with our public issuance of 5,750,000 shares of common stock, the majority of the
combined net proceeds of which were used to partially repay certain indebtedness under our Credit Agreement, as further
described below.

The Notes are unsecured and are convertible into, at our election, cash, shares of common stock, or a combination of both, subject to satisfaction of specified conditions and during specified periods. If converted, we currently intend to pay cash in respect of the principal amount of the Notes.

The Notes have a conversion rate of 15.5129 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Notes, which represents an effective conversion price of approximately $64.46 per share of common stock and would result in the issuance of approximately 6,205,000 shares if all of the Notes were converted. The conversion rate has not changed since issuance of the Notes, although throughout the term of the Notes, the conversion rate may be adjusted upon the occurrence of certain events.
On or after December 1, 2020 until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date, holders may surrender their Notes for conversion regardless of whether any of the other specified conditions for conversion have been satisfied.

As of April 30, 2017, the Notes were not convertible.

In accordance with accounting guidance for convertible debt with a cash conversion option, we separately accounted for the debt and equity components of the Notes in a manner that reflected our estimated nonconvertible debt borrowing rate. We estimated the debt and equity components of the Notes to be $319.9 million and $80.1 million, respectively, at the issuance date, assuming a 5.00% non-convertible borrowing rate. The equity component was recorded as an increase to additional paid-in capital. The excess of the principal amount of the debt component over its carrying amount (the "debt discount") is being amortized as interest expense over the term of the Notes using the effective interest method. The equity component is not remeasured as long as it continues to meet the conditions for equity classification.

Issuance costs attributable to the debt component of the Notes were netted against long-term debt and are being amortized as interest expense over the term of the Notes, and issuance costs attributable to the equity component were netted with the equity component in additional paid-in capital. The carrying amount of the equity component, net of issuance costs, was $78.2 million at April 30, 2017.

As of April 30, 2017, the carrying value of the debt component was $344.7 million, which is net of unamortized debt discount and issuance costs of $50.5 million and $4.8 million, respectively. Including the impact of the debt discount and related deferred debt issuance costs, the effective interest rate on the Notes was approximately 5.29% at April 30, 2017.


17


Based on the closing market price of our common stock on April 30, 2017, the if-converted value of the Notes was less than the aggregate principal amount of the Notes.

Note Hedges and Warrants

Concurrently with the issuance of the Notes, we entered into convertible note hedge transactions (the "Note Hedges") and sold warrants (the "Warrants"). The combination of the Note Hedges and the Warrants serves to increase the effective initial conversion price for the Notes to $75.00 per share. The Note Hedges and Warrants are each separate instruments from the Notes.

Note Hedges

Pursuant to the Note Hedges, we purchased call options on our common stock, under which we have the right to acquire from the counterparties up to approximately 6,205,000 shares of our common stock, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments, at a price of $64.46, which equals the initial conversion price of the Notes. Our exercise rights under the Note Hedges generally trigger upon conversion of the Notes and the Note Hedges terminate upon maturity of the Notes, or the first day the Notes are no longer outstanding. The Note Hedges may be settled in cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination thereof, at our option, and are intended to reduce our exposure to potential dilution upon conversion of the Notes. We paid $60.8 million for the Note Hedges, which was recorded as a reduction to additional paid-in capital. As of April 30, 2017, we had not purchased any shares of our common stock under the Note Hedges.

Warrants

We sold the Warrants to several counterparties. The Warrants provide the counterparties rights to acquire from us up to approximately 6,205,000 shares of our common stock at a price of $75.00 per share. The Warrants expire incrementally on a series of expiration dates beginning in August 2021. At expiration, if the market price per share of our common stock exceeds the strike price of the Warrants, we will be obligated to issue shares of our common stock having a value equal to such excess. The Warrants could have a dilutive effect on net income per share to the extent that the market value of our common stock exceeds the strike price of the Warrants. Proceeds from the sale of the Warrants were $45.2 million and were recorded as additional paid-in capital. As of April 30, 2017, no Warrants had been exercised and all Warrants remained outstanding.

The Note Hedges and Warrants both meet the requirements for classification within stockholders’ equity, and their respective fair values are not remeasured and adjusted as long as these instruments continue to qualify for stockholders’ equity classification.

Credit Agreement

In April 2011, we entered into a credit agreement with our lenders, which was amended and restated in March 2013, and further amended in February, March, and June 2014 (the "Credit Agreement"). The Credit Agreement, as amended and restated, provides for senior secured credit facilities, comprised of $943.5 million of term loans, of which $300.0 million was borrowed in February 2014 (the "February 2014 Term Loans") and $643.5 million was borrowed in March 2014 (the "March 2014 Term Loans"), all of which matures in September 2019, and a $300.0 million revolving credit facility maturing in September 2018 (the "Revolving Credit Facility"), subject to increase and reduction from time to time, as described in the Credit Agreement.
Debt issuance and debt modification costs, as well as original issuance discounts, incurred in connection with the Credit Agreement are deferred and amortized as adjustments to interest expense over the remaining contractual life of the associated borrowing.
The February 2014 Term Loans were borrowed in connection with our February 2014 acquisition of Kana Software, Inc. (“Kana”). The March 2014 Term Loans were borrowed as part of a refinancing of previously outstanding amounts under the Credit Agreement. In June 2014, we utilized the majority of the combined net proceeds from the issuance of the Notes and the concurrent issuance of 5,750,000 shares of common stock to retire $530.0 million of the February 2014 Term Loans and March 2014 Term Loans, and all $106.0 million of then-outstanding borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility.
The outstanding February 2014 Term Loans and March 2014 Term Loans incur interest at our option at either a base rate plus a spread of 1.75% or an Adjusted LIBOR Rate, as defined in the Credit Agreement, plus a spread of 2.75%.
As of April 30, 2017, the weighted-average interest rate on both the February 2014 Term Loans and the March 2014 Term Loans was 3.76%. Taking into account the impact of original issuance discounts, if any, and related deferred debt issuance

18


costs, the effective interest rates on the February 2014 Term Loans and March 2014 Term Loans were approximately 4.29% and 3.84%, respectively, at April 30, 2017.
We are required to pay a commitment fee equal to 0.50% per annum of the undrawn portion on the Revolving Credit Facility, payable quarterly, and customary administrative agent and letter of credit fees.
Debt issuance and debt modification costs, as well as original issuance discounts, incurred in connection with the Credit Agreement are deferred and amortized as adjustments to interest expense over the remaining contractual life of the associated borrowing.
The Credit Agreement, contains certain customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type. The Revolving Credit Facility also contains a financial covenant that requires us to maintain a ratio of Consolidated Total Debt to Consolidated EBITDA (each as defined in the Credit Agreement) of no greater than 4.50 to 1. The limitations imposed by the covenants are subject to certain exceptions as detailed in the Credit Agreement.
We intend to seek to refinance the Credit Agreement to, among other things, extend the maturities and modify certain terms of the facilities provided for under the agreement.  Completion of the refinancing, if successful, is expected to occur during the three months ending July 31, 2017.
Future Principal Payments on Term Loans
As of April 30, 2017, future scheduled principal payments on the February 2014 Term Loans and March 2014 Term Loans are presented in the following table:
(in thousands)
 
February
2014
 
March
2014
Years Ending January 31,
 
Term Loans
 
Term Loans
2018 (remainder of year)
 
$
1,003

 
$
2,152

2019
 
1,338

 
2,869

2020
 
127,385

 
273,240

   Total
 
$
129,726

 
$
278,261

Interest Expense

The following table presents the components of interest expense incurred on the Notes and on borrowings under our Credit Agreement for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2016
1.50% Convertible Senior Notes:
 
 
 
 
Interest expense at 1.50% coupon rate
 
$
1,500

 
$
1,500

Amortization of debt discount
 
2,756

 
2,615

Amortization of deferred debt issuance costs
 
260

 
247

Total Interest Expense - 1.50% Convertible Senior Notes
 
$
4,516

 
$
4,362

 
 
 
 
 
Borrowings under Credit Agreement:
 
 
 
 
Interest expense at contractual rates
 
$
3,719

 
$
3,597

Amortization of debt discounts
 
15

 
14

Amortization of deferred debt issuance costs
 
541

 
541

Total Interest Expense - Borrowings under Credit Agreement
 
$
4,275

 
$
4,152



7.
SUPPLEMENTAL CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENT INFORMATION
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Inventories consisted of the following as of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017: 

19


 
 
April 30,
 
January 31,
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2017
Raw materials
 
$
9,891

 
$
9,074

Work-in-process
 
4,234

 
4,355

Finished goods
 
4,024

 
4,108

   Total inventories
 
$
18,149

 
$
17,537


Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
Other (expense) income, net consisted of the following for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2016
Foreign currency (losses) gains, net
 
$
(424
)
 
$
5,925

Losses on derivative financial instruments, net
 
(370
)
 
(1,559
)
Other, net
 
(1,095
)
 
(547
)
   Total other (expense) income, net
 
$
(1,889
)
 
$
3,819


Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
The following table provides supplemental information regarding our condensed consolidated cash flows for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2016
Cash paid for interest
 
$
3,962

 
$
3,698

Cash payments of income taxes, net
 
$
9,355

 
$
16,541

Non-cash investing and financing transactions:
 
 

 
 
Accrued but unpaid purchases of property and equipment
 
$
2,956

 
$
3,642

Inventory transfers to property and equipment
 
$
225

 
$
59

Liabilities for contingent consideration in business combinations
 
$
1,900

 
$
7,700



8.
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Dividends on Common Stock

We did not declare or pay any dividends on our common stock during the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016. Under the terms of our Credit Agreement, we are subject to certain restrictions on declaring and paying dividends on our common stock.

Share Repurchase Program

On March 29, 2016, we announced that our board of directors had authorized a share repurchase program whereby we may make up to $150.0 million in purchases of our outstanding shares of common stock over the two years following the date of announcement. Under the share repurchase program, purchases can be made from time to time using a variety of methods, which may include open market purchases. The specific timing, price and size of purchases will depend on prevailing stock prices, general market and economic conditions, and other considerations, including the amount of cash generated in the U.S. and other potential uses of cash, such as acquisitions. Purchases may be made through a Rule 10b5-1 plan pursuant to pre-determined metrics set forth in such plan. The authorization of the share repurchase program does not obligate us to acquire any particular amount of common stock, and the program may be suspended or discontinued at any time.

Treasury Stock
 

20


Repurchased shares of common stock are recorded as treasury stock, at cost. We periodically purchase treasury stock from directors, officers, and other employees to facilitate income tax withholding and payment requirements upon vesting of equity awards.

We did not acquire any treasury stock during the three months ended April 30, 2017. During the three months ended April 30, 2016, we acquired 500,000 shares of treasury stock at a cost of $17.2 million under the aforementioned share repurchase program.

At April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017, we held approximately 1,654,000 shares of treasury stock with a cost of $57.1 million.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) includes items such as foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gains and losses on certain marketable securities and derivative financial instruments designated as hedges. Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) is presented as a separate line item in the stockholders’ equity section of our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) items have no impact on our net income (loss) as presented in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

The following table summarizes changes in the components of our accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by component for the three months ended April 30, 2017:
(in thousands)
 
Unrealized Gains on Foreign Exchange Contracts Designated as Hedges
 
Unrealized Gain on Interest Rate Swap Designated as Hedge
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at January 31, 2017
 
$
575

 
$
632

 
$
(156,063
)
 
$
(154,856
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
3,753

 
(33
)
 
9,447

 
13,167

Gains reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 
829

 

 

 
829

Net other comprehensive income (loss), current period
 
2,924

 
(33
)
 
9,447

 
12,338

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at April 30, 2017
 
$
3,499

 
$
599

 
$
(146,616
)
 
$
(142,518
)

All amounts presented in the table above are net of income taxes, if applicable. The accumulated net losses in foreign currency translation adjustments primarily reflect the strengthening of the U.S. dollar against the British pound sterling, which has resulted in lower U.S. dollar-translated balances of British pound sterling-denominated goodwill and intangible assets.

The amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into the condensed consolidated statement of operations, with presentation location, for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
 
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2016
 
Location
Unrealized gains on derivative financial instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency forward contracts
 
$
86

 
$
57

 
Cost of product revenue
 
 
75

 
43

 
Cost of service and support revenue
 
 
482

 
334

 
Research and development, net
 
 
278

 
172

 
Selling, general and administrative
 
 
921

 
606

 
Total, before income taxes
 
 
(92
)
 
(61
)
 
Provision for income taxes
 
 
$
829

 
$
545

 
Total, net of income taxes




21


9.
INCOME TAXES
 
Our interim (benefit) provision for income taxes is measured using an estimated annual effective income tax rate, adjusted for discrete items that occur within the periods presented. 

For the three months ended April 30, 2017, we recorded an income tax benefit of $0.9 million on a pre-tax loss of $19.9 million, which represented an effective income tax rate of 4.5%. The income tax benefit does not include income tax benefits on losses incurred by certain domestic and foreign operations where we maintain valuation allowances. Our pre-tax losses in domestic and foreign jurisdictions where we maintain valuation allowances and do not record tax benefits were significantly higher than the pre-tax loss in jurisdictions where we record a tax benefit. We also recorded a discrete income tax benefit of $0.9 million for the adjustment of certain unrecognized tax benefits mainly due to an audit settlement.

For the three months ended April 30, 2016, we recorded an income tax provision of $0.3 million on a pre-tax loss of $(15.9) million, which represented a negative effective income tax rate of 2.1%. The income tax provision does not include income tax benefits on losses incurred by certain domestic and foreign operations where we maintain valuation allowances and is mainly the result of the activities of profitable jurisdictions. Our pre-tax losses in domestic and foreign jurisdictions where we maintain valuation allowances and do not record tax benefits were significantly higher than the pre-tax income in our profitable jurisdictions where we record a tax provision.

As required by the authoritative guidance on accounting for income taxes, we evaluate the realizability of deferred income tax assets on a jurisdictional basis at each reporting date. Accounting guidance for income taxes requires that a valuation allowance be established when it is more-likely-than-not that all or a portion of the deferred income tax assets will not be realized.  In circumstances where there is sufficient negative evidence indicating that the deferred income tax assets are not more-likely-than-not realizable, we establish a valuation allowance. We determined that there is sufficient negative evidence to maintain the valuation allowances against our federal and certain state and foreign deferred income tax assets as a result of historical losses in the most recent three-year period in the U.S. and in certain foreign jurisdictions. We intend to maintain valuation allowances until sufficient positive evidence exists to support a reversal.

We had unrecognized income tax benefits of $150.2 million and $148.6 million (excluding interest and penalties) as of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017, respectively. The accrued liability for interest and penalties was $4.0 million and $3.9 million at April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017, respectively. Interest and penalties are recorded as a component of the provision for income taxes in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.  As of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017, the total amount of unrecognized income tax benefits that, if recognized, would impact our effective income tax rate were approximately $145.9 million and $143.0 million, respectively. We regularly assess the adequacy of our provisions for income tax contingencies in accordance with the applicable authoritative guidance on accounting for income taxes. As a result, we may adjust the reserves for unrecognized income tax benefits for the impact of new facts and developments, such as changes to interpretations of relevant tax law, assessments from taxing authorities, settlements with taxing authorities, and lapses of statutes of limitation. Further, we believe that it is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized income tax benefits at April 30, 2017 could decrease by approximately $3.0 million in the next twelve months as a result of settlement of certain tax audits or lapses of statutes of limitation. Such decreases may involve the payment of additional income taxes, the adjustment of deferred income taxes including the need for additional valuation allowances, and the recognition of income tax benefits.  Our income tax returns are subject to ongoing tax examinations in several jurisdictions in which we operate. We also believe that it is reasonably possible that new issues may be raised by tax authorities or developments in tax audits may occur which would require increases or decreases to the balance of reserves for unrecognized income tax benefits; however, an estimate of such changes cannot reasonably be made.



10.
FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
 
Our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis consisted of the following as of April 30, 2017 and January 31, 2017:

22


 
 
April 30, 2017
 
 
Fair Value Hierarchy Category
(in thousands)
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Money market funds
 
$
176

 
$

 
$

Foreign currency forward contracts
 

 
3,911

 

Interest rate swap agreement
 

 
1,126

 

Total assets
 
$
176

 
$
5,037

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign currency forward contracts
 
$

 
$
1,070

 
$

Interest rate swap agreement
 

 
138

 

Contingent consideration - business combinations
 

 

 
55,749

Option to acquire noncontrolling interests of consolidated subsidiaries
 

 

 
3,750

Total liabilities
 
$

 
$
1,208

 
$
59,499

 
 
 
January 31, 2017
 
 
Fair Value Hierarchy Category
(in thousands)
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Money market funds
 
$
175

 
$

 
$

Foreign currency forward contracts
 

 
1,646

 

Interest rate swap agreement
 

 
1,429

 

Total assets
 
$
175

 
$
3,075

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign currency forward contracts
 
$

 
$
1,246

 
$

Interest rate swap agreement
 

 
408

 

Contingent consideration - business combinations
 

 

 
52,733

Option to acquire noncontrolling interests of consolidated subsidiaries
 

 

 
3,550

Total liabilities
 
$

 
$
1,654

 
$
56,283


The following table presents the changes in the estimated fair values of our liabilities for contingent consideration measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016
 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2016
Fair value measurement at beginning of period
 
$
52,733

 
$
22,391

Contingent consideration liabilities recorded for business combinations
 
1,900

 
7,700

Changes in fair values, recorded in operating expenses
 
3,479

 
702

Payments of contingent consideration
 
(2,363
)
 
(2,956
)
Foreign currency translation and other
 

 
96

Fair value measurement at end of period
 
$
55,749

 
$
27,933

 
Our estimated liability for contingent consideration represents potential payments of additional consideration for business combinations, payable if certain defined performance goals are achieved. Changes in fair value of contingent consideration are recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations within selling, general and administrative expenses.

During the year ended January 31, 2017, we acquired two majority owned subsidiaries for which we hold an option to acquire the noncontrolling interests. We account for the option as an in-substance investment in the noncontrolling common stock of each such subsidiary. We include the fair value of the option within other liabilities and do not recognize noncontrolling interests in these subsidiaries. The following table presents the change in the estimated fair value of this liability, which is measured using Level 3 inputs, for the three months ended April 30, 2017 and 2016: 

23


 
 
Three Months Ended
April 30,
(in thousands)
 
2017
 
2016
Fair value measurement at beginning of period
 
$
3,550

 
$

Acquisition of option to acquire noncontrolling interests of consolidated subsidiaries