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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number 0-16148

 

 

MULTI-COLOR CORPORATION

 

 

 

Incorporated in the

State of Ohio

 

IRS Employer Identification

Number 31-1125853

4053 Clough Woods Dr.

Batavia, OH 45103

 

Name of Each Exchange

on Which Registered

(Address of principal executive offices)   NASDAQ Global Select Market

(513) 381-1480

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: Common Stock, no par value

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K  ☒.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
Emerging growth company       

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates was approximately $660,665,940 based upon the closing price of $66.00 per share of Common Stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market as of September 30, 2016, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.

As of April 30, 2017, 16,951,808 shares of no par value Common Stock were outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s proxy statement to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A of the Exchange Act for its 2017 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on August 9, 2017 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

 

                  Page  

Part I

         
 

Item 1

  -   

Business

     4  
 

Item 1A

  -   

Risk Factors

     8  
 

Item 1B

  -   

Unresolved Staff Comments

     14  
 

Item 2

  -   

Properties

     15  
 

Item 3

  -   

Legal Proceedings

     16  
 

Item 4

  -   

Mine Safety Disclosures

     16  

Part II

         
 

Item 5

  -   

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

     17  
 

Item 6

  -   

Selected Financial Data

     19  
 

Item 7

  -   

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     20  
 

Item 7A

  -   

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     29  
 

Item 8

  -   

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     30  
 

Item 9

  -   

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     65  
 

Item 9A

  -   

Controls and Procedures

     66  
 

Item 9B

  -   

Other Information

     66  

Part III

         
 

Item 10

  -   

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     67  
 

Item 11

  -   

Executive Compensation

     67  
 

Item 12

  -   

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

     67  
 

Item 13

  -   

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

     67  
 

Item 14

  -   

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

     67  

Part IV

         
 

Item 15

  -   

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

     67  
 

Item 16

  -   

Form 10-K Summary

     69  

 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report contains certain statements that are not historical facts that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, and that are intended to be covered by the safe harbors created by that Act. All statements contained in this Form 10-K other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include statements regarding our future financial position, business strategy, budgets, projected costs, plans and objectives of management for future operations. The words “may,” “continue,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “will,” “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “anticipate” and similar expressions (as well as the negative versions thereof) may identify forward-looking statements, but the absence of these words does not necessarily mean that a statement is not forward-looking. With respect to the forward-looking statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements because they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which they are made.

Statements concerning expected financial performance, on-going business strategies, and possible future actions which the Company intends to pursue in order to achieve strategic objectives constitute forward-looking information. Implementation of these strategies and the achievement of such financial performance is each subject to numerous conditions, uncertainties and risk factors, including those contained in Item 1A in “Risk Factors.” Factors which could cause actual performance by the Company to differ materially from these forward-looking statements include, without limitation: factors discussed in conjunction with a forward-looking statement; changes in global economic and business conditions; changes in business strategies or plans; raw material cost pressures; availability of raw materials; availability to pass raw material cost increases to our customers; interruption of business operations; changes in, or the failure to comply with, government regulations, legal proceedings and developments; acceptance of new product offerings, services and technologies; new developments in packaging; our ability to effectively manage our growth and execute our long-term strategy; our ability to manage foreign operations and the risks involved with them, including compliance with applicable anti-corruption laws; currency exchange rate fluctuations; our ability to manage global political uncertainty; terrorism and political unrest; increases in general interest rate levels and credit market volatility affecting our interest costs; competition within our industry; our ability to consummate and successfully integrate acquisitions; our ability to recognize the benefits of acquisitions, including potential synergies and cost savings; failure of an acquisition or acquired company to achieve its plans and objectives generally; risk that proposed or consummated acquisitions may disrupt operations or pose difficulties in employee retention or otherwise affect financial or operating results; risk that some of our goodwill may be or later become impaired; the success and financial condition of our significant customers; dependence on information technology; our ability to market new products; our ability to maintain an effective system of internal control; ongoing claims, lawsuits and governmental proceedings, including environmental proceedings; availability, terms and developments of capital and credit; dependence on key personnel; quality of management; our ability to protect our intellectual property and the potential for intellectual property litigation; employee benefit costs; and risk associated with significant leverage. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

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PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

(In thousands, except for statistical data)

OVERVIEW

Multi-Color Corporation (Multi-Color, MCC, we, us, our or the Company), headquartered near Cincinnati, Ohio, is a leader in global label solutions supporting a number of the world’s most prominent brands including leading producers of home & personal care, wine & spirits, food & beverage, healthcare and specialty consumer products. MCC serves international brand owners in North, Central and South America, Europe, China, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa with a comprehensive range of the latest label technologies in Pressure Sensitive, Glue-Applied (Cut and Stack), In-Mold, Shrink Sleeve and Heat Transfer.

The Company was incorporated in 1985, succeeding the predecessor business. Our corporate offices are located at 4053 Clough Woods Drive, Batavia, Ohio 45103 and our telephone number is (513) 381-1480.

Our common stock, no par value, is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “LABL”. See “Item 5 – Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.” We maintain a website (www.mcclabel.com), which includes additional information about the Company. The website includes corporate governance information for our shareholders and our Code of Ethics can be found under the corporate governance section. Information on the website is not part of this Form 10-K. Shareholders can also obtain on and through our website, free of charge, our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after the Company electronically files such materials with or furnishes such materials to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Any of these documents may be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. Information regarding the operation of the SEC Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling 1-800-SEC-0330. The Company’s filed documents may also be accessed via the SEC Internet site at http://www.sec.gov.

References to 2017, 2016 and 2015 are for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015.

PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

The Company provides a wide range of products for the packaging needs of our customers and is one of the world’s largest producers of high quality pressure sensitive, in-mold and heat transfer labels, and a major manufacturer of glue-applied and shrink sleeve labels. The Company also provides a full complement of print methods including flexographic, lithographic, rotogravure, letterpress and digital, plus in-house pre-press services.

Pressure Sensitive Labels:

Pressure sensitive labels adhere to a surface with pressure. The label typically consists of four elements – a substrate, which may include paper, foil or plastic; an adhesive, which may be permanent or removable; a release coating; and a backing material to protect the adhesive against premature contact with other surfaces. The release coating and protective backing are removed prior to application to the container, exposing the adhesive, and the label is pressed or rolled into place. Innovative features of this product include promotional neckbands, peel-away coupons, resealable labels, see-through window graphics, and holographic foil enhancements to cold and hot foil stamping.

The pressure sensitive market is the largest category of the overall label market and represents a significant growth opportunity. Our strategy is to be a premier global supplier of pressure sensitive labels that demand high impact graphics or are otherwise technically challenging.

In-Mold Labels (IML):

The in-mold label process applies a label to a plastic container as the container is being formed in the mold cavity. The finished IML product is a finely detailed label that performs consistently well for plastic container manufacturers and adds marketing value and product security for consumer product companies.

Each component of the IML production process requires a special expertise for success. The components include the substrate (the base material for the label), inks, overcoats, varnishes and adhesives. We are unique in the industry in that we manufacture IMLs on rotogravure, flexographic and lithographic printing presses. There are several critical characteristics of a successful IML: the material needs a proper coefficient of friction so that the finished label is easily and consistently picked up and applied to the blow-molded container, the substrate must be able to hold the label’s inks, including metallics and fluorescents, overlay varnishes and adhesives and the material must be able to lay smoothly, without wrinkle or bulge, when applied to a very hot, just molded plastic container that will quickly shrink, along with the label, as its temperature falls. We continually search for alternate substrates to be used in the IML process in order to improve label performance and capabilities as well as to reduce substrate costs. Technical innovations in this area include the use of peel-away IML coupons, scented and holographic labels.

 

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Heat Transfer Labels (HTL):

HTL are reverse printed and transferred from a special release liner onto the container using heat and pressure. The labels are a composition of inks and lacquers tailored to the customer’s specific needs. These labels are printed and then shipped to blow molders and/or contract decorators who transfer the labels to the containers. Once applied, the labels are permanently adhered to the container. The graphics capabilities include fine vignettes, metallic and thermochromatic inks, as well as the patented “frost”, giving an acid-etch appearance.

Therimage™ is our pioneer heat transfer label technology developed primarily for applications involving plastic containers serving consumer markets in personal care, food and beverage, and home improvement products. The addition of the Clear ADvantage™ brand provides premium graphics on both glass and plastic containers enabling this decorating technology to achieve the highly sought after “no label” look for the health and beauty aid, beverage, personal care, household chemical and promotional markets. Our “ink only” and flameless HTL technology have increased our capabilities in this area. Flameless technology enables us to provide a solution to customers who want to remove open flames from their operations, which are normally required to pre-treat and post-treat containers for Therimage™ and Clear ADvantage™ products. Flameless technology has applications in all the aforementioned markets.

Glue-Applied Labels (Cut and Stack):

Glue-applied labels are adhered to containers using an adhesive applied during the labeling process. Available in roll-fed and sheeted formats, the labels are an attractive and cost-effective choice for high volume applications. These labels can be produced on a wide variety of substrates and accommodate a comprehensive range of embellishments including foil stamping, embossing, metallics and unique varnish finishes.

Our innovations within glue-applied labels include peel-away promotional labels, thermochromics, holographics and metalized films. We also offer promotional products such as scratch-off coupons, static-clings and tags.

Shrink Sleeve Labels:

Shrink sleeve labels are produced in colorful, cutting edge styles and materials. The labels are manufactured as sleeves, slid over glass or plastic bottles and then heated to conform precisely to the contours of the container. The 360-degree label and tamper resistant feature of the label are marketing advantages that many of our customers seek when choosing this label type.

The shrink sleeve market is a growing decorating technology as consumer product companies look for ways to differentiate their products. Several markets, such as the beverage market within the consumer goods industry, have adopted this decorating technology. Demand for this label solution in the food and personal care markets continues to grow and should broaden the sales opportunities for shrink sleeve labels.

Graphic Services:

We provide graphics and pre-press services for our customers at all of our manufacturing locations. These services include the conversion of customer digital files and artwork into proofs, production of print layouts and printing plates, and product mock ups and samples for market research.

As a result of these capabilities, we are able to go from concept to printed label, thus increasing our customers’ speed to market and further enhancing our value proposition.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Our product leadership group focuses on research and development, product commercialization and technical service support. The group includes chemical, packaging and field engineers who are responsible for developing and commercializing innovative label and application solutions. Technical service personnel also assist customers and manufacturers in improving container and label performance. The services provided by this group differentiate us from many of our competitors and drive our selection for the most challenging projects.

Our research and development expenditures were $5,274, $5,520 and $4,619 in 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

SALES AND MARKETING

We provide a complete line of label solutions and a variety of technical and graphic services. Our vision is to be the premier global resource of decorating solutions. We sell to a broad range of consumer product, food & beverage, wine & spirits and healthcare companies located in North, Central and South America, Europe, China, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. Our sales strategy is a consultative selling approach. Our sales organization reviews the requirements of the container and offers a number of alternative decorating methods. Our customers view us as an expert source of materials, methods and technologies with the ability to offer the most cost effective solution.

We have continued to make progress in expanding our customer base and portfolio of products, services and manufacturing locations throughout the world. During 2017, 2016 and 2015, sales to major customers (those exceeding 10% of the Company’s net revenues in one or more of the periods presented) approximated 17%, 17% and 18%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net revenues. All of these sales were made to The Procter & Gamble Company. In fiscal 2015, we entered the Irish label market with the acquisition of Multiprint Labels Limited in Dublin, Ireland, which specializes in pressure sensitive labels for the wine & spirits and beverage markets, and New Era Packaging in Drogheda, Ireland, which specializes in labels for the healthcare, pharmaceutical and food industries. We also

 

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entered the English label market in fiscal 2015 with the acquisition of Multi Labels Ltd., which specializes in premium alcoholic beverage labels for spirits and imported wine. In fiscal 2016, we entered the Southeast Asian label market with the acquisition of Super Label, which specializes in labels for home & personal care, food & beverage and specialty consumer product industries. We also entered the Spanish wine & spirits market in fiscal 2016 with a start-up operating in La Rioja, Spain.

PRODUCTION AND QUALITY

To guarantee consistent quality results, all of our label decorating services are backed by aggressively implemented and administered quality programs and qualified technical support staff. Our quality assurance program ensures excellence in every label.

Multi-Color’s comprehensive range of printing technologies facilitates our ability to respond quickly and effectively to changing customer needs. Our current printing technologies include flexographic, lithographic, rotogravure, letterpress and digital. Pre-press technology offerings include color separations, color management programs and in-house platemaking and tooling.

Our manufacturing operations involve complex processes and utilize factory automation to produce a consistent, high quality label. We employ state of the art technologies including digital platemaking and automated vision inspection systems complemented by a robust systemic quality management system.

EMPLOYEES

As of March 31, 2017, we had approximately 5,450 employees. Of the total employees, approximately 60 employees are represented by the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers, International Union (USW) A.F.L.-C.I.O. Local 98 in Norwood, Ohio, and the related labor contract expiring in March 2022. We also have three union agreements in Canada representing approximately 45 employees; two Teamsters/Graphic Communications Conference, Local Union 555Ms, which expires in July 2020 and the Workers Union of Les Graphiques Corpco (CSN), which expires in August 2018. We consider our labor relations to be good and have not experienced any work stoppages during the previous decade.

RAW MATERIALS

Common to the printing industry, we purchase proprietary products from a number of raw material suppliers. To prevent potential disruptions to our manufacturing facilities, we have developed relationships with more than one supply source for each of our critical raw materials. Our raw material suppliers are major corporations with successful historical performance. Although we intend to prevent any long-term business interruption due to our inability to obtain raw materials, there could be short-term manufacturing disruptions during the customer qualification period for any new raw material source.

ACQUISITIONS

We are continually in pursuit of selective acquisitions that will contribute to our growth. We believe that acquisitions are a method of increasing our presence in existing markets, expanding into new markets, gaining new customers and product offerings and improving operating efficiencies through economies of scale. Through acquisitions, we intend to broaden our revenue stream by expanding our lines of innovative label solutions, offering a variety of technical and graphic services and fulfilling the specific needs and requirements of our customers. The printing and packaging industry is highly fragmented and offers many opportunities for acquisitions.

On July 1, 2014, the Company acquired Multiprint Labels Limited (Multiprint) based in Dublin, Ireland. Multiprint specializes in pressure sensitive labels for the wine & spirits and beverage markets in Ireland and the UK.

On January 5, 2015, the Company acquired Multi Labels Ltd., based in Daventry, near London, England, which specializes in premium alcoholic beverage labels for spirits and imported wine.

On February 2, 2015, the Company acquired New Era Packaging, which is based near Dublin, Ireland and specializes in labels for the healthcare, pharmaceutical and food industries.

On May 1, 2015, the Company acquired Mr. Labels in Brisbane, Queensland Australia, which provides labels primarily to food and beverage customers.

On May 4, 2015, the Company acquired Barat Group (Barat) based in Bordeaux, France. Barat operates four manufacturing facilities in Bordeaux and Burgundy, France, and the acquisition gives the Company access to the label market in the Bordeaux wine region and expands our presence in Burgundy.

On August 11, 2015, the Company acquired 90% of the shares of Super Label based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, which was publicly listed on the Malaysian stock exchange. During the second and third quarters of fiscal 2016, the Company acquired the remaining shares and delisted Super Label. The acquisition included an 80% controlling interest in the label operations in Indonesia and a 60% controlling interest in certain legal entities in Malaysia and China. During the third quarter of fiscal 2017, the Company acquired the remaining shares of the label operations in Indonesia. Super Label has operations in Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and China and produces home & personal care, food & beverage and specialty consumer products labels. This acquisition expands our presence in China and gives us access to new label markets in Southeast Asia.

On October 1, 2015, the Company acquired Supa Stik Labels (Supa Stik), which is located in Perth, West Australia and services the local wine, food & beverage and healthcare label markets.

 

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On January 4, 2016, the Company acquired Cashin Print and System Label, which are located in Castlebar, Ireland and Roscommon, Ireland, respectively. The businesses supply multinational customers in Ireland, the United Kingdom and Continental Europe and provide Multi-Color with the opportunity to supply a broader product range to a larger customer base, especially in the healthcare market.

On July 1, 2016, the Company acquired Italstereo Resin Labels S.r.l. (Italstereo), which is located near Lucca, Italy and specializes in producing pressure sensitive adhesive resin coated labels, seals and emblems.

On July 6, 2016, the Company acquired Industria Litografica Alessandrina S.r.l. (I.L.A.), which is located in the Piedmont region of Italy and specializes in producing premium self-adhesive and wet glue labels primarily for the wine & spirits market and also services the food industry.

On January 3, 2017, the Company acquired Graphix Labels and Packaging Pty Ltd. (Graphix). Graphix is located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and specializes in producing labels for both the food & beverage and wine & spirits markets. In January 2017, the Company acquired an additional 67.6% of the common shares of Gironde Imprimerie Publicité (GIP). The Company acquired 30% of GIP as part of the Barat acquisition in fiscal 2016. GIP is located in the Bordeaux region of France and specializes in producing labels for the wine & spirits market.

See Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements for geographic information relating to our net revenues and long-lived assets. See Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements for further information regarding acquisitions.

COMPETITION

We have a large number of competitors in the pressure sensitive and glue-applied label markets and several competitors in each of the IML, shrink sleeve and HTL markets. Some of these competitors in the pressure sensitive and glue-applied label markets have greater financial and other resources than us. The competitors in IML, shrink sleeve and HTL markets are either private companies or subsidiaries of public companies and we cannot assess the financial resources of these organizations. We could be adversely affected should a competitor develop labels similar or technologically superior to our labels. We believe competition is principally dependent upon product performance, service, pricing, technical support and innovation.

PATENTS AND LICENSES

We own a number of patents and patent applications in the U.S., Europe, Australia and South Africa that relate to the products and services we offer to our customers. Although these patents are important to us, we are not dependent upon any one patent. We believe that these patents, collectively, along with our ability to be a single source provider of many packaging needs, provide us with a competitive advantage over our competition. The expiration or unenforceability of any one of our patents would not have a material adverse effect on us.

REGULATION

Our operations are subject to regulation by federal, state and foreign environmental protection agencies. To ensure ongoing compliance with these requirements, we have implemented an internal compliance program. Additionally, we continue to make capital investments to maintain compliance with these environmental regulations and to improve our existing equipment. However, there can be no assurances that these regulations will not require expenditures beyond those that are currently anticipated.

In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration regulates the raw materials used in labels for various products. These regulations apply to the consumer product companies for which we produce labels. We use materials specified by the consumer product companies in producing labels.

 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

(In thousands, except for statistical data)

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, the following factors could materially affect the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flows or future results. Any one of these factors could cause the Company’s actual results to vary materially from recent results or from anticipated future results. The risks described below are not the only risks facing the Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition and/or operating results.

Risks Relating to Our Business

Raw material cost increases or shortages could adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows.

As a member of the print industry, our sales and profitability are dependent upon the availability and cost of various raw materials, which are subject to price fluctuations, and the ability to control the fluctuating costs of raw materials, pass on any price increases to our customers or find suitable alternative suppliers. If we are unable to effectively manage these costs or improve our operating efficiencies, or if adverse developments arise concerning certain key raw material vendors, such as disruptions in their productions or lack of availability of the raw materials we need from them, or our relationships with them, our profit margin may decline, especially if the inflationary conditions that have occurred in these markets in the recent past continue to occur.

We face risks related to interruption of our operations and lack of redundancy.

Our production facilities, websites, transaction processing systems, network infrastructure, supply chain and customer service operations may be vulnerable to interruptions, and we do not have redundancies in all cases to carry on these operations in the event of an interruption. Specifically, the long-term shutdown of our printing presses or malfunctions experienced with our presses could negatively impact our ability to fulfill customers’ orders and on-time delivery needs and adversely impact our operating results and cash flows. We have not identified alternatives to all of our facilities, systems, supply chains and infrastructure, including production, to serve us in the event of an interruption, and if we were to find alternatives, they may not be able to meet our requirements on commercially acceptable terms or at all. In addition, we are dependent in part on third parties for the implementation and maintenance of certain aspects of our communications and production systems, and because many of the causes of system interruptions or interruptions of the production process may be outside of our control, we may not be able to remedy such interruptions in a timely manner, or at all. Any interruptions that cause any of our websites to be unavailable, reduce our order fulfillment performance or interfere with our manufacturing, technology or customer service operations could result in lost revenue, increased costs, negative publicity, damage to our reputation and brand, and an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Building redundancies into our infrastructure, systems and supply chain to mitigate these risks may require us to commit substantial financial, operational and technical resources, in some cases before the volume of our business increases with no assurance that our revenues will increase.

Various laws and governmental regulations applicable to a manufacturer or distributor of consumer products may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Our business is subject to numerous federal, state, provincial, local and foreign laws and regulations, including laws and regulations with respect to labor and employment, product safety, including regulations enforced by the United States Consumer Products Safety Commission, import and export activities, the Internet and e-commerce, antitrust issues, taxes, chemical usage, air emissions, wastewater and storm water discharges and the generation, handling, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste materials, including hazardous materials. We routinely incur costs in complying with these regulations and, if we fail to comply, could incur significant penalties.

Although we believe that we are in substantial compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, because legal requirements frequently change and are subject to interpretation, we are unable to predict the ultimate cost of compliance or the consequences of non-compliance with these requirements, or the effect on our operations, any of which may be significant. If we fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations, we may be subject to criminal sanctions or civil remedies, including fines, injunctions, or prohibitions on importing or exporting. A failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations, or concerns about product safety, also may lead to a recall or post-manufacture repair of selected products, resulting in the rejection of our products by our customers and consumers, lost sales, increased customer service and support costs, and costly litigation. In addition, failure to comply with environmental requirements could require us to shut down one or more of our facilities. There is risk that any claims or liabilities, including product liability claims, relating to such noncompliance may exceed, or fall outside the scope of, our insurance coverage. Laws and regulations at the state, federal and international levels frequently change and the cost of compliance cannot be precisely estimated. Any changes in regulations, the imposition of additional regulations, or the enactment of any new governmental legislation that impacts employment/labor, trade, health care, tax, environmental or other business issues could have an adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

We must be able to continue to effectively manage our growth, including our recent acquisitions, and to execute our long-term growth strategy.

We have experienced significant and steady growth over the last several years. Our growth, in particular our recent acquisitions, combined with the geographical separation of our operations, has placed, and will continue to place, a strain on our management, administrative and operational infrastructure. Our ability to manage our operations and anticipated growth will require us to continue to refine our operational, financial and management controls, human resource policies, reporting systems and procedures in the locations in which we operate. In addition, our expectations regarding the earnings, operating cash flow, capital expenditures and liabilities resulting from acquisitions

 

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recently completed are based on information currently available to us and may prove to be incorrect. We may not be able to implement improvements to our management information and control systems in an efficient or timely manner and may discover deficiencies in existing systems and controls. If we are unable to realize any of the anticipated benefits of an acquisition or manage expected future expansion, or if our long-term growth strategy is not successful, our ability to provide a high-quality customer experience could be harmed, which would damage our reputation and brand and substantially harm our business and results of operations. In addition, projections made by us in connection with forming our long-term growth strategy are inherently uncertain and based on assumptions and judgments by management that may be flawed or based on information about our business and markets that may change in the future, many of which are beyond our reasonable control. These and various other factors may cause our actual results to differ materially from our projections.

We are subject to risks associated with our international operations, including compliance with applicable U.S. and foreign anti-corruption laws and regulations such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010 and other applicable anti-corruption laws, which may increase the cost of doing business in international jurisdictions.

We have operations in North, Central and South America, Europe, China, Southeast Asia, Australia and South Africa and we intend to continue expansion of our international operations. As a result, our business is exposed to risks inherent in foreign operations. If we fail to adequately address the challenges and risks associated with our international expansion and acquisition strategy, we may encounter difficulties implementing our strategy, which could impede our growth or harm our operating results. These risks, which can vary substantially by jurisdiction, include the difficulties associated with managing an organization with operations in multiple countries, compliance with differing laws and regulations (including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010 and local laws prohibiting payments to government officials and other corrupt practices, tax laws, regulations and rates), enforcing agreements and collecting receivables through foreign legal systems. Although we have implemented policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance with these laws, there can be no assurance that our employees, contractors and agents will not take actions in violation of our policies, particularly as we expand our operations through organic growth and acquisitions. Any such violations could subject us to civil or criminal penalties, including material fines or prohibitions on our ability to offer our products in one or more countries, and could also materially damage our reputation, brand, international expansion efforts, business and operating results. Additional risks include the potential for restrictive actions by foreign governments, changes in economic conditions in each market, foreign customers who may have longer payment cycles than customers in the United States, the impact of economic, political and social instability of those countries in which we operate and acts of nature, such as typhoons, tsunamis, or earthquakes. The overall volatility of the economic environment has increased the risk of disruption and losses resulting from hyper-inflation, currency devaluation and tax or regulatory changes in certain countries in which we have operations. Approximately 45% of our sales were derived from our foreign operations (based on the country from which the product was shipped) during fiscal 2017.

We also face the challenges and uncertainties associated with operating in developing markets such as China, which may subject us to a relatively high risk of political and social instability and economic volatility, all of which are enhanced, in many cases, by uncertainties as to how local law is applied and enforced, including in areas most relevant to commercial transactions and foreign investment.

Currency exchange rate fluctuations could have an adverse effect on our revenue, cash flows and financial results.

Because we conduct a significant portion of our business outside the United States, our revenues and earnings and the value of our foreign net assets are affected by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, which may favorably or adversely affect reported earnings and net assets. Currency exchange rates fluctuate in response to, among other things, changes in local, regional or global economic conditions, the imposition of currency exchange restrictions and unexpected changes in regulatory or taxation environments. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates may affect the Company’s operating performance by impacting revenues and expenses outside of the United States due to fluctuations in currencies other than the U.S. dollar or where the Company translates into U.S. dollars for financial reporting purposes the assets and liabilities of its foreign operations conducted in local currencies.

We have risks related to continued uncertain global economic conditions and volatility in the credit markets.

At times, domestic and international financial markets have experienced extreme disruption, including, among other things, extreme volatility in stock prices and severely diminished liquidity and credit availability. These developments and the related severe domestic and international economic downturn, have continued to adversely impact our business and financial condition in a number of ways, including effects beyond those that were experienced in previous recessions in the United States and foreign economies.

Global economic conditions also affect our customers’ businesses and the markets they serve, as well as our suppliers. Because a significant part of our business relies on our customers’ spending, a prolonged downturn in the global economy and an uncertain economic outlook has and could further reduce the demand for printing and related services that we provide to these customers. Economic weakness and constrained advertising spending have resulted, and may in the future result, in decreased revenue, operating margin, earnings and growth rates and difficulty in managing inventory levels and collecting accounts receivable. In particular, our exposure to certain industries currently experiencing financial difficulties and certain financially troubled customers could have an adverse effect on our results of operations. The current restrictions in financial markets and the severe prolonged economic downturn may adversely affect the ability of our customers and suppliers to obtain financing for operations and purchases and to perform their obligations under agreements with us. We also have experienced, and expect to experience in the future, operating margin declines in certain businesses, reflecting the effect of items such as competitive pricing pressures and inventory write-downs. Economic downturns may also result in restructuring actions and associated expenses and impairment of long-lived assets, including goodwill and other intangibles. Uncertainty about future economic conditions makes it difficult for us to forecast operating results and to make decisions about future investments.

Finally, economic downturns may affect one or more of our lenders’ ability to fund future draws on our Credit Facility or our ability to access the capital markets or obtain new financing arrangements that are favorable to us. In such an event, our liquidity could be severely constrained with an adverse impact on our ability to operate our businesses. Our ability to meet the financial covenants in the Credit Facility may also be affected by events beyond our control, including a further deterioration of current economic and industry conditions, which

 

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could negatively affect our earnings. If it is determined we are not in compliance with these financial covenants, the lenders under the Credit Facility will be entitled to take certain actions, including acceleration of all amounts due under the facility. If the lenders take such action, we may be forced to amend the terms of the credit agreement, obtain a waiver or find alternative sources of capital. Obtaining new financing arrangements or amending our existing one may result in significantly higher fees and ongoing interest costs as compared to those in our current arrangement.

Competition in our industry could limit our ability to retain current customers and attract new customers.

The markets for our products and services are highly competitive and constantly evolving. We compete primarily based on the level and quality of customer service, technological leadership, product performance and price and the inability to successfully overcome competition in our business could have a material adverse impact on our operating results and cash flows. Some of our competitors have greater financial and other resources than us. We could face competitive pressure as a result of any of the following: our ability to continue to improve our product and service offerings and keep pace with and integrate technological advances and industry evolutions; new products developed by our competitors that are of superior quality, fit our customers’ needs better or have lower prices; patents obtained or developed by competitors; consolidation of our competitors; pricing pressures; loss of proprietary supplies of certain materials; decrease in the utilization of labels. The inability to successfully identify, develop and sell new or improved products and to overcome competition in our business could have a material adverse impact on our operating results and cash flows.

Our business growth strategy involves the potential for significant acquisitions, which involve risks and difficulties in integrating potential acquisitions and may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

All acquisitions involve inherent uncertainties, which may include, among other things, our ability to:

 

    successfully identify targets for acquisition;

 

    negotiate reasonable terms;

 

    properly perform due diligence and determine all the significant risks associated with a particular acquisition;

 

    properly evaluate target company management capabilities; and

 

    successfully transition the acquired company into our business and achieve the desired performance.

We may acquire businesses with unknown liabilities, contingent liabilities, or internal control deficiencies. We have plans and procedures to conduct reviews of potential acquisition candidates for compliance with applicable regulations and laws prior to acquisition. Despite these efforts, realization of any of these liabilities or deficiencies may increase our expenses, adversely affect our financial position through the initiation, pendency or outcome of litigation or otherwise, or cause us to fail to meet our public financial reporting obligations.

We have a history of making acquisitions and, over the past several years, have invested, and in the future may continue to invest, a substantial amount of capital in acquisitions. We continue to evaluate potential acquisition opportunities to support, strengthen and grow our business. Although we have completed many acquisitions, there can be no assurance that we will be able to locate suitable acquisition candidates, acquire possible acquisition candidates, acquire such candidates on commercially reasonable terms, or integrate acquired businesses successfully in the future. In addition, any governmental review or investigation of our proposed acquisitions, such as by the Federal Trade Commission, may impede, limit or prevent us from proceeding with an acquisition. Future acquisitions may require us to incur additional debt and contingent liabilities, which may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. The process of integrating acquired businesses into our existing operations may result in operating, contract and supply chain difficulties, such as the failure to retain customers or management personnel. Such difficulties may divert significant financial, operational and managerial resources from our existing operations, and make it more difficult to achieve our operating and strategic objectives.

We have a significant amount of goodwill and other intangible assets on our balance sheet that are subject to periodic impairment evaluations; an impairment of our goodwill or other intangible assets may have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

When we acquire a business, a portion of the purchase price of the acquisition may be allocated to goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets. The amount of the purchase price which is allocated to goodwill is the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable tangible assets acquired. As of March 31, 2017, we had $581,770 of goodwill and intangible assets, the value of which depends on a number of factors, including earnings growth, market capitalization and the overall success of our business. Accounting standards require us to test goodwill for impairment annually, and more frequently when events or changes in circumstances indicate impairment may exist.

There can be no assurance that reviews of our goodwill and other intangible assets will not result in impairment charges. Although it does not affect cash flow, an impairment charge does have the effect of decreasing our earnings, assets and shareholders’ equity. Future events may occur that could adversely affect the value of our assets and require future impairment charges. Such events may include, but are not limited to, poor operating results, strategic decisions made in response to changes in economic and competitive conditions, the impact of a deteriorating economic environment and decreases in our market capitalization due to a decline in the trading price of our common stock.

During the early years of an acquisition, the risk of impairment to goodwill and intangible assets is naturally higher. This is because the fair values of these assets align very closely with what we recently paid to acquire the reporting units to which these assets are assigned. This

 

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means the difference between the carrying value of the reporting unit and its fair value (typically referred to as “headroom”) is naturally smaller at the time of acquisition. Until this headroom grows over time (due to business growth or lower carrying value of the reporting unit due to natural amortization, etc.), a relatively small decrease in reporting unit fair value can trigger an impairment. That fair value is affected by actual business performance but is also determined by the market (usually reflected in the value of our common stock). As a consequence, sometimes even with favorable business performance, the market alone can drive an impairment condition if general business valuations decline significantly. When impairment charges are triggered, they tend to be material due to the sheer size of the assets involved.

Our debt instruments impose operating and financial restrictions on us and, in the event of a default, would have a material adverse impact on our business and results of operations.

As of March 31, 2017, our consolidated indebtedness, including current maturities of long-term indebtedness, was $481,501, which could have important consequences including the following:

 

    Increasing our vulnerability to global economic and industry conditions;

 

    Requiring a substantial portion of cash flows from operating activities to be dedicated to the payment of principal and interest on our indebtedness and, as a result, reducing our ability to use our cash flows to fund our operations and capital expenditures, pay dividends, capitalize on future business opportunities and expand our business;

 

    Exposing us to the risk of increased interest expense as certain of our borrowings are at variable rates of interest;

 

    Limiting our ability to obtain additional financing for working capital, capital expenditures, additional acquisitions and other business purposes; and

 

    Limiting our flexibility to adjust to changing market conditions and react to competitive pressures.

We may be able to incur additional indebtedness in the future, subject to the restrictions contained in our credit agreements. If new indebtedness is added to our current debt levels, the related risks that we now face could intensify.

Our debt instruments contain covenants that limit our flexibility in operating our business.

The agreements governing our indebtedness contain various covenants that may adversely affect our ability to operate our business. Among other things, these covenants limit our ability to incur additional indebtedness, dispose of assets, incur guarantee obligations, make restricted payments, create liens, make equity or debt investments, engage in mergers, change the business conducted by the Company and its subsidiaries, and engage in certain transactions with affiliates.

The agreements governing our indebtedness also require us to maintain (i) a maximum consolidated senior secured leverage ratio, (ii) a maximum consolidated leverage ratio; and (iii) a minimum consolidated interest charge coverage ratio.

Our ability to meet the financial ratios and tests contained in our credit agreements and other debt arrangements, and otherwise comply with debt covenants may be affected by various events, including those that may be beyond our control. Accordingly, we may not be able to continue to meet those ratios, tests and covenants. A significant breach of any of these covenants, ratios, tests or restrictions, as applicable, could result in an event of default under our debt arrangements, which would allow our lenders to declare all amounts outstanding to be immediately due and payable. If the lenders were to accelerate the payment of our indebtedness, our assets may not be sufficient to repay in full the indebtedness and any other indebtedness that would become due as a result of any acceleration. Further, as a result of any breach and during any cure period or negotiations to resolve a breach or expected breach, our lenders may refuse to make further loans, which would materially affect our liquidity and results of operations.

In the event we were to fall out of compliance with one or more of our debt covenants in the future, we may not be successful in amending our debt arrangements or obtaining waivers for any such non-compliance. Even if we are successful in entering into an amendment or waiver, we could incur substantial costs in doing so. It is also possible that any amendments to our debt instruments or any restructured debt could impose covenants and financial ratios more restrictive than under our current facility. Any of the foregoing events could have a material adverse impact on our business and results of operations, and there can be no assurance that we would be able to obtain the necessary waivers or amendments on commercially reasonable terms, or at all.

We rely on several large customers and the loss of one of these customers would have a material adverse impact on our operating results and cash flows.

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, one customer accounted for approximately 17% of our consolidated sales and our top twenty-five customers accounted for approximately 48% of our consolidated sales. While we maintain sales contracts with certain of our largest customers, such contracts do not impose minimum purchase or volume requirements and these contracts require renewal on a regular basis in the ordinary course of business. Any termination of a business relationship with, or a significant sustained reduction in business received from, one or more of our largest customers could have a material adverse effect on our revenues and results of operations. The volume and type of services we provide all of our customers may vary from year to year and could be reduced if a customer were to change its outsourcing or print procurement strategy. We cannot guarantee that these contracts will be successfully renewed in the future. The loss or substantial reduction in business of any of our major customers could have a material adverse impact on our operating results and cash flows.

 

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We are highly dependent on information technology. If our systems fail or are unreliable our operations may be adversely impacted.

The efficient operation of our business depends on our information technology infrastructure and our management information systems. In addition, production technology in the printing industry has continued to evolve specifically related to the pre-press component of production. Our information technology infrastructure and/or our management information systems are vulnerable to damage or interruption from natural or man-made disasters, terrorist attacks, computer viruses or hackers, power loss, or other computer systems, Internet telecommunications or data network failures. Any significant breakdown, virus or destruction could negatively impact our business. We also periodically upgrade and install new systems, which if installed or programmed incorrectly, could cause significant disruptions. If a disruption occurs, we could incur losses and costs for interruption of our operations.

We are involved on an ongoing basis in claims, lawsuits, and governmental proceedings relating to our operations, including environmental, commercial transactions, and other matters.

The ultimate outcome of these claims, lawsuits, and governmental proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, but could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flow. We are also involved in other possible claims, including product and general liability, workers compensation, auto liability, and employment-related matters, some of which may be of a material nature or may be resolved in a manner that has a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flow. While we maintain insurance for certain of these exposures, the policies in place are high-deductible policies resulting in our assuming exposure for a layer of coverage with respect to such claims.

We cannot predict our future capital needs and any limits on our ability to raise capital in the future could prevent further growth.

We may in the future be required to raise capital through public or private financing or other arrangements. Such financing may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all, and our failure to raise capital when needed could harm our business. Additional equity financing may be dilutive to the holders of our common stock, and debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants and could reduce our profitability. In addition, we may experience operational difficulties and delays due to working capital restrictions. If we cannot raise funds on acceptable terms, we may have to delay or scale back our growth plans and may not be able to effectively manage competitive pressures.

We depend on key personnel, and we may not be able to operate and grow our business effectively if we lose their services or are unable to attract qualified personnel in the future.

We are dependent upon the efforts of our senior management team. The success of our business is heavily dependent on our ability to retain our current management and to attract and retain qualified personnel in the future. Competition for senior management personnel is intense, and we may not be able to retain our personnel. We have not entered into employment agreements with our key personnel, other than with our Executive Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer, and these individuals may not continue in their present capacity with us for any particular period of time. Outside of the implementation of succession plans and executive transitions done in the normal course of business, the loss of the services of one or more members of our senior management team could require the remaining executive officers to divert immediate and substantial attention to seeking a replacement and would disrupt our business and impede our ability to execute our business strategy. Any inability to find a replacement for a departing executive officer on a timely basis could adversely affect our ability to operate and grow our business.

If we are unable to adequately protect our intellectual property, we may lose some of our competitive advantage.

Our success is determined in part by our ability to obtain United States and foreign patent protection for our technology and to preserve our trade secrets. Our ability to compete and the ability of our business to grow could suffer if our intellectual property rights are not adequately protected. There can be no assurance that our patent applications will result in patents being issued or that current or additional patents will afford protection against competitors. We rely on a combination of patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secret protection and contractual rights to establish and protect our intellectual property. Failure of our patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secret protection, non-disclosure agreements and other measures to provide protection of our technology and our intellectual property rights could enable our competitors to more effectively compete with us and have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, our trade secrets and proprietary know-how may otherwise become known or be independently discovered by others. No guarantee can be given that others will not independently develop substantially equivalent proprietary information or techniques, or otherwise gain access to our proprietary technology.

We could become involved in intellectual property litigation, which is costly and could cause us to lose our intellectual property rights or subject us to liability.

Although we have received patents with respect to certain technologies of ours, there can be no assurance that these patents will afford us any meaningful protection. Although we believe that our use of the technology and products we developed and other trade secrets used in our operations do not infringe upon the rights of others, our use of the technology and trade secrets we developed may infringe upon the patents or intellectual property rights of others. In the event of infringement, we could, under certain circumstances, be required to obtain a license or modify aspects of the technology and trade secrets we developed or refrain from using the same. We may not have the necessary financial resources to defend an infringement claim made against us or be able to successfully terminate any infringement in a timely manner, upon acceptable terms and conditions or at all. Moreover, if the patents, technology or trade secrets we developed or use in our business are deemed to infringe upon the rights of others, we could, under certain circumstances, become liable for damages, which could have a material adverse effect on us and our financial condition. As we continue to market our products, we could encounter patent barriers that are not known today. Furthermore, third parties may assert that our intellectual property rights are invalid, which could result

 

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in significant expenditures by us to refute such assertions. If we become involved in litigation, we could lose our proprietary rights, be subject to damages and incur substantial unexpected operating expenses. Intellectual property litigation is expensive and time-consuming, even if the claims are subsequently proven unfounded, and could divert management’s attention from our business. If there is a successful claim of infringement, we may not be able to develop non-infringing technology or enter into royalty or license agreements on acceptable terms, if at all. If we are unsuccessful in defending claims that our intellectual property rights are invalid, we may not be able to enter into royalty or license agreements on acceptable terms, if at all. This could prohibit us from providing our products and services to customers, which could have a material adverse effect on us and our financial condition.

Employee benefit costs, including increasing health care costs for our employees may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We seek to provide competitive employee benefit programs to our employees. Employee benefit costs, such as U.S. healthcare costs of our eligible and participating employees, may increase significantly at a rate that is difficult to forecast, in part because we are unable to determine the impact that U.S. federal healthcare legislation may have on our employer-sponsored medical plans. Higher employee benefit costs could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We provide health care and other benefits to our employees. In recent years, costs for health care have increased more rapidly than general inflation in the U.S. economy. If this trend in health care costs continues, our cost to provide such benefits could increase, adversely impacting our profitability. Changes to health care regulations in the U.S. may also increase the cost to us of providing such benefits.

Risks Relating to Our Common Stock

Our operating results fluctuate from quarter to quarter.

Our quarterly operating results have fluctuated in the past and may fluctuate in the future as a result of a variety of factors, many of which are outside of our control, including:

 

    timing of the completion of particular projects or orders;

 

    material reduction, postponement or cancellation of major projects, or the loss of a major client;

 

    timing and amount of new business;

 

    differences in order flows;

 

    sensitivity to the effects of changing economic conditions on our clients’ businesses;

 

    the strength of the consumer products industry;

 

    the relative mix of different types of work with differing margins;

 

    costs relating to expansion or reduction of operations, including costs to integrate current and any future acquisitions;

 

    changes in interest costs, foreign currency exchange rates and tax rates; and

 

    costs associated with compliance with legal and regulatory requirements.

Because of this, we may be unable to adjust spending on fixed costs, such as building and equipment leases, depreciation and personnel costs, quickly enough to offset any revenue shortfall and our operating results could be adversely affected. Due to these factors or other unanticipated events, our financial and operating results in any one quarter may not be a reliable indicator of our future performance.

If we fail to comply with U.S. public company reporting obligations or to maintain adequate internal controls over financial reporting, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

As a U.S. public company, we are required to comply with the periodic reporting obligations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including preparing annual reports, quarterly reports and current reports. We are also subject to certain of the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and Dodd-Frank Act which, among other things, require enhanced disclosure of business, financial, compensation and governance information. Our failure to prepare and disclose this information in a timely manner could subject us to penalties under federal securities laws, expose us to lawsuits, and restrict our ability to access financing. We may identify areas requiring improvement with respect to our internal control over financial reporting, which may require us to design enhanced processes and controls to address any additional issues identified. This could result in significant delays and cost to us and require us to divert substantial resources, including management time, from other activities. If we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, we may not be able to ensure that we can conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal control over financial reporting. Moreover, effective internal controls are necessary for us to produce reliable financial reports and are important to help prevent fraud.

Certain provisions of Ohio law and our Articles of Incorporation and Code of Regulations may deter takeover attempts, which may limit the opportunity of our shareholders to sell their shares at a favorable price, and may make it more difficult for our shareholders to remove our Board of Directors and management.

 

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Provisions in our Amended Articles of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Code of Regulations may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control or changes in our management. These provisions include the following:

 

    advance notice requirements for shareholders proposals and nominations;

 

    the right of the board of directors to elect a director to fill a vacancy created by the expansion of the board of directors or due to the resignation or departure of an existing board member;

 

    the prohibition of cumulative voting in the election of directors, which would otherwise allow less than a majority of shareholders to elect director candidates; and

 

    limitations on the removal of directors.

In addition, because we are incorporated in Ohio, we are governed by the provisions of Section 1704 of the Ohio Revised Code. These provisions may prohibit large shareholders, particularly those owning 10% or more of our outstanding voting stock, from merging or combining with us. These provisions in our Articles of Incorporation and Code of Regulations and under Ohio law could discourage potential takeover attempts, could reduce the price that investors are willing to pay for our common shares in the future and could potentially result in the market price being lower than it would without these provisions.

Although no preferred shares were outstanding as of March 31, 2017 and although we have no present plans to issue any preferred shares, our Articles of Incorporation authorize the Board of Directors to issue up to 1,000 preferred shares. The preferred shares may be issued in one or more series, the terms of which will be determined at the time of issuance by our Board of Directors without further action by the shareholders. These terms may include voting rights, including the right to vote as a series on particular matters, preferences as to dividends and liquidation, conversion rights, redemption rights and sinking fund provisions. The issuance of any preferred shares could diminish the rights of holders of our common shares and, therefore, could reduce the value of our common shares. In addition, specific rights granted to future holders of preferred shares could be used to restrict our ability to merge with, or sell assets to, a third party. The ability of our Board of Directors to issue preferred shares and the foregoing anti-takeover provisions may prevent or frustrate attempts by a third party to acquire control of the Company, even if some of our shareholders consider such change of control to be beneficial.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

 

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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

As of March 31, 2017, the Company owned and leased the following 47 manufacturing facilities:

Location

   Approximate
Square Feet
     Owned/Leased  

United States:

     

Napa, California

     150,125        Leased  

Scottsburg, Indiana

     120,500        Owned  

Asheville, North Carolina

     53,500        Leased  

Omaha, Nebraska

     31,000        Leased  

Batavia, Ohio

     277,730        Owned  

Norwood, Ohio

     313,322        Owned  

York, Pennsylvania

     160,000        Leased  

Chesapeake, Virginia

     49,885        Leased  

Green Bay, Wisconsin

     39,600        Owned  

International:

     

Mendoza, Argentina

     10,273        Leased  

Adelaide, Australia

     65,246        Leased  

Brisbane, Australia

     42,744        Leased  

Barossa, Australia

     25,306        Leased  

Griffith, Australia

     21,775        Leased  

Melbourne, Australia

     21,653        Leased  

Perth, Australia

     22,184        Leased  

Montreal, Canada

     51,650        Leased  

Santiago, Chile

     150,610        Leased  

Guangzhou, China (2)

     80,191        Leased  

Daventry, England

     34,059        Owned / Leased  

Dormans, France

     16,145        Owned  

Libourne, France

     39,934        Owned  

Mérignac, France

     30,462        Leased  

Montagny, France

     20,000        Leased  

Port-Sainte-Foy, France

     22,690        Leased  

Reyrieux, France

     48,868        Leased  

Saint Emilion, France

     35,112        Leased  

Jakarta, Indonesia

     27,771        Owned  

Castlebar, Ireland

     42,722        Leased  

Drogheda, Ireland

     53,529        Owned  

Roscommon, Ireland

     12,109        Leased  

Alessandria, Italy

     29,500        Owned  

Florence, Italy

     23,681        Leased  

Lucca, Italy (2)

     134,179        Leased  

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2)

     67,951        Owned / Leased  

Penang, Malaysia

     70,808        Owned  

Guadalajara, Mexico

     82,990        Leased  

 

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Location

   Approximate
Square Feet
     Owned/Leased  

International continued:

     

Manila, Philippines

     21,722        Leased  

Warsaw, Poland

     61,657        Leased  

Glasgow, Scotland

     43,196        Owned  

Paarl, South Africa

     114,343        Owned  

Haro, Spain

     21,528        Leased  

Bevaix, Switzerland

     15,069        Leased  

Bangkok, Thailand

     50,470        Owned  

All of the Company’s properties are in good condition, well maintained and adequate for our intended uses.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company began the process to consolidate our two manufacturing facilities located in Glasgow, Scotland into one facility. The transition was substantially completed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017.

On January 19, 2016, the Company announced plans to consolidate our manufacturing facility located in Sonoma, California, into the Napa, California facility. The transition was substantially completed in the third quarter of fiscal 2017.

On November 1, 2015, the Company announced plans to consolidate our manufacturing facility located in Dublin, Ireland into the Drogheda, Ireland facility. The consolidation was substantially completed in the first quarter of fiscal 2017.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

The Company is subject to various legal claims and contingencies that arise out of the normal course of business, including claims related to commercial transactions, product liability, health and safety, taxes, environmental matters, employee matters and other matters. Litigation is subject to numerous uncertainties and the outcome of individual claims and contingencies is not predictable. It is possible that some legal matters for which reserves have or have not been established could result in an unfavorable outcome for the Company.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable.

 

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PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our shares trade on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol LABL. The following table sets forth the high and low closing sales prices of our common stock (“Common Stock”) as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market during fiscal years 2017 and 2016. Our stock is thinly traded and accordingly, the prices below may not be indicative of prices at which a large number of shares can be traded or reflective of prices that would prevail in a more active market.

 

Quarter Ended

   High      Low      Dividend Per Share  

March 31, 2017

   $ 81.15      $ 69.55      $ 0.05  

December 31, 2016

   $ 78.90      $ 63.80      $ 0.05  

September 30, 2016

   $ 69.57      $ 62.41      $ 0.05  

June 30, 2016

   $ 64.05      $ 50.38      $ 0.05  

March 31, 2016

   $ 63.03      $ 41.14      $ 0.05  

December 31, 2015

   $ 79.38      $ 58.59      $ 0.05  

September 30, 2015

   $ 76.49      $ 61.91      $ 0.05  

June 30, 2015

   $ 69.83      $ 57.75      $ 0.05  

As of April 30, 2017, there were approximately 240 shareholders of record of the Common Stock.

Beginning in and since the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2005, we have paid a quarterly dividend of $0.05 per common share.

 

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FIVE YEAR PERFORMANCE GRAPH

The following performance graph compares Multi-Color’s cumulative annual total shareholder return from March 31, 2012 through March 31, 2017, to that of the NASDAQ Market Index, a broad market index, and the Morningstar Packaging & Containers Index (“Morningstar Packaging & Containers”), an index of 58 printing and packaging industry peer companies. The graph assumes that the value of the investment in the common stock and each index was $100 on March 31, 2012, and that all dividends were reinvested. Stock price performances shown in the graph are not indicative of future price performances.

 

LOGO

ASSUMES $100 INVESTED ON MAR. 31, 2012

ASSUMES DIVIDEND REINVESTED

FISCAL YEAR ENDING MAR. 31, 2017

 

Company/Market/Peer Group

   3/31/2012      3/31/2013      3/31/2014      3/31/2015      3/31/2016      3/31/2017  

Multi-Color Corporation

   $ 100.00      $ 115.65      $ 157.93      $ 314.20      $ 242.63      $ 323.85  

NASDAQ Market Index

   $ 100.00      $ 107.14      $ 139.48      $ 164.75      $ 165.66      $ 203.56  

Morningstar Packaging & Containers

   $ 100.00      $ 125.29      $ 144.34      $ 171.46      $ 150.92      $ 176.64  

 

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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

     Year Ended March 31,  
     2017 (1)      2016 (2)      2015 (3)      2014 (4)      2013 (5)  

Net revenues

   $ 923,295      $ 870,825      $ 810,772      $ 706,432      $ 659,815  

Gross profit

     196,809        181,626        173,274        132,057        126,351  

Operating income

     110,966        94,428        96,912        60,123        70,705  

Net income attributable to Multi-Color Corporation

     60,996        47,739        45,716        28,224        30,300  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share

   $ 3.61      $ 2.85      $ 2.75      $ 1.73      $ 1.88  

Diluted earnings per common share

   $ 3.58      $ 2.82      $ 2.71      $ 1.70      $ 1.86  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares and equivalents outstanding – basic

     16,879        16,750        16,623        16,342        16,145  

Weighted average shares and equivalents outstanding – diluted

     17,024        16,952        16,877        16,599        16,332  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Dividends per common share

   $ 0.20      $ 0.20      $ 0.20      $ 0.20      $ 0.20  

Dividends paid

     3,876        3,351        3,302        3,276        3,237  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net working capital

   $ 109,420      $ 111,100      $ 99,951      $ 56,993      $ 68,107  

Total assets

     1,091,990        1,070,066        927,371        964,466        839,550  

Current portion of long-term debt

     2,093        1,573        2,947        42,648        23,946  

Long-term debt

     479,408        504,706        455,583        435,554        378,910  

Total stockholders’ equity

     381,820        342,632        289,473        297,747        275,024  

 

(1) Fiscal 2017 results include $921 ($706 after-tax) related to the closure of our manufacturing facilities located in the following: Glasgow, Scotland; Sonoma, California; Greensboro, North Carolina; Dublin, Ireland; Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin.

 

(2) Fiscal 2016 results include $5,200 ($3,708 after-tax) related to the closure of our manufacturing facilities located in the following: Glasgow, Scotland; Sonoma, California; Greensboro, North Carolina; Dublin, Ireland; Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin; and a sales office located near Toronto, Canada.

 

(3) Fiscal 2015 results include a $951 impairment of goodwill related to the finalization of the fiscal 2014 annual impairment test for our Latin America Wine & Spirits reporting unit and $7,399 ($4,533 after-tax) in costs primarily related to the closure of our manufacturing facilities located in Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin.

 

(4) Fiscal 2014 results include a $13,475 impairment of goodwill related to our Latin America Wine & Spirits reporting unit, $1,166 ($737 after-tax) in costs related to the consolidation of our manufacturing facilities located in El Dorado Hills, California into the Napa, California facility, $1,116 ($781 after-tax) of integration expenses related to the Labelmakers Wine Division acquisition and other income of $3,800 ($3,800 after-tax) from settlement of a legal claim.

 

(5) Fiscal 2013 results include $1,531 ($1,194 after-tax) in costs related to the consolidation of our manufacturing facilities located in Montreal, Canada and Kansas City, Missouri into other existing facilities and $1,337 ($1,040 after-tax) of integration expenses related to the York Label Group (York) acquisition.

Refer to Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for a discussion of the impact of acquisitions completed during recent fiscal years that would impact the comparability of the selected financial data above. During fiscal 2017, we acquired Italstereo and I.L.A., which have manufacturing plants in Italy; Graphix, which has a manufacturing plant in Australia; and GIP, which has a manufacturing plant in France. During fiscal 2016, we acquired Mr. Labels and Supa Stik, which have manufacturing plants in Australia; Barat Group, which has manufacturing plants in France; Super Label, which has manufacturing plants in Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and China; and System Label and Cashin Print, which have manufacturing plants in Ireland. During fiscal 2015, we acquired Multiprint Labels Limited and New Era Packaging, which have manufacturing plants in Ireland, and Multi Labels Ltd., which has a manufacturing plant in England. During fiscal 2014, we acquired Imprimerie Champenoise, Labelmakers Wine Division, Flexo Print S.A. De C.V., Gern & Cie SA, John Watson & Company Limited and the DI-NA-CAL label business, which have manufacturing plants in France, Australia, Mexico, Switzerland, Scotland and the U.S., respectively. During fiscal 2013, we acquired Labelgraphics (Holdings) Ltd., which has a manufacturing plant in Scotland.

 

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ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K contains certain forward-looking statements that involve potential risks and uncertainties. Multi-Color Corporation’s future results could differ materially from those discussed herein. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed herein and those discussed in Part 1, Item 1A “Risk Factors.” Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements that speak only as of the date thereof.

Refer to “Forward-Looking Statements” following the index in this Form 10-K. In the discussion that follows, all amounts are in thousands (both tables and text), except per share data and percentages.

Following is a discussion and analysis of the financial statements and other statistical data that management believes will enhance the understanding of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following table shows for the periods indicated, certain components of Multi-Color’s consolidated statements of income as a percentage of net revenues.

 

     Percentage of Net Revenues  
     2017     2016     2015  

Net revenues

     100.0     100.0     100.0

Cost of revenues

     78.7     79.1     78.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     21.3     20.9     21.4

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     9.2     9.4     8.4

Facility closure expenses

     0.1     0.6     0.9

Goodwill impairment

     0.0     0.0     0.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     12.0     10.9     12.0

Interest expense

     2.8     3.0     3.3

Other expense (income), net

     (0.3 )%      0.2     0.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     9.5     7.7     8.7

Income tax expense

     2.9     2.2     3.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Multi-Color Corporation

     6.6     5.5     5.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

We provide a complete line of innovative decorative label solutions and offer a variety of technical and graphic services to our customers based on their specific needs and requirements. Our customers include a wide range of consumer product companies, and we supply labels for many of the world’s best known brands and products, including home & personal care, wine & spirits, food & beverage, healthcare and specialty consumer products.

During fiscal 2017, the Company had net revenues of $923,295 compared to $870,825 in the prior year, an increase of 6% or $52,470. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2016 accounted for a 5% increase in revenues. Organic revenues increased 3%. Foreign exchange rates, primarily driven by depreciation of the British pound and the Mexican peso, led to a 2% decrease in revenues year over year.

Gross profit increased 8% or $15,183 compared to the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2016 contributed $9,876 to the gross profit increase. Gross margins were 21% in fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016.

The label markets we serve exist in a competitive environment amidst price pressures. We continually search for ways to reduce our costs through improved production and labor efficiencies, reduced substrate waste, new substrate options and lower substrate pricing.

Operating income increased 18% or $16,538 compared to the prior year primarily due to increased sales and improved margins. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2016 contributed $5,023 to operating income in fiscal 2017. Operating income in fiscal 2017 includes $921 of expenses primarily related to the consolidation of our manufacturing facilities in Dublin, Ireland into a single location and the consolidation of our manufacturing facilities in Glasgow, Scotland into a single location. Operating income in fiscal 2016 includes $5,200 of expenses primarily related to consolidation of the Dublin manufacturing facilities, consolidation of a manufacturing facility in Greensboro, North Carolina into existing facilities and closure of manufacturing facilities in Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin.

Other income was $2,735 compared to expense of $1,867 in the prior year. The increase in other income primarily relates to favorable foreign exchange in the current year compared to unfavorable foreign exchange in the prior year and other discrete items.

During 2017, 2016 and 2015, sales to major customers (those exceeding 10% of the Company’s net revenues in one or more of the periods presented) approximated 17%, 17% and 18%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net revenues. All of these sales were made to The Procter & Gamble Company.

 

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Our vision is global leadership in premium label solutions. We currently serve customers located throughout North, Central and South America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, China and Southeast Asia. We continue to monitor and analyze new trends in the packaging and consumer products industries to ensure that we are providing appropriate services and products to our customers. Certain factors that influence our business include consumer spending, new product introductions, new packaging technologies and demographics.

Our primary objective for fiscal 2018 is to continue to improve organic growth rates for both revenue and earnings. We expect growth to come from improved performance in our operations and the finalization of integration of our recent acquisitions in Europe. We continue to invest in additional and more productive capacity throughout our business to support operational efficiency and organic growth.

COMPARISON OF FISCAL YEARS ENDED MARCH 31, 2017 AND MARCH 31, 2016

Net Revenues

 

     2017      2016      $
Change
     %
Change
 

Net revenues

   $ 923,295      $ 870,825      $ 52,470        6 % 

Net revenues increased 6% to $923,295 from $870,825 in the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2016 accounted for a 5% increase in revenues and organic revenues increased 3%. Foreign exchange rates, primarily driven by depreciation of the British pound and the Mexican peso, led to a 2% decrease in revenues year over year.

Cost of Revenues and Gross Profit

 

                 $      %  
     2017     2016     Change      Change  

Cost of revenues

   $ 726,486     $ 689,199     $ 37,287        5

% of Net revenues

     78.7     79.1     

Gross profit

   $ 196,809     $ 181,626     $ 15,183        8

% of Net revenues

     21.3     20.9     

Cost of revenues increased 5% or $37,287 compared to the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2016 contributed 4% or $24,282, partially offset by the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates of 2% or $14,110. Organic revenue growth increased cost of revenues by $27,115.

Gross profit increased 8% or $15,183 compared to the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2016 contributed $9,876 to gross profit, partially offset by the effect of unfavorable foreign exchange rates of $1,168. Gross margins were 21.3% of net revenues for the current year compared to 20.9% in the prior year. Higher sales volumes in our core markets globally and improved operating efficiencies, primarily in North America, increased margins and led to $6,475 of organic margin improvement compared to the prior year.

Selling, General and Administrative (SG&A) Expenses and Facility Closure Expenses

 

                 $      %  
     2017     2016     Change      Change  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

   $ 84,922     $ 81,998     $ 2,924        4

% of Net revenues

     9.2     9.4     

Facility closure expenses

   $ 921     $ 5,200     $ (4,279      (82 %) 

% of Net revenues

     0.1     0.6     

SG&A expenses increased 4% or $2,924 compared to the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2016 contributed $4,853 to the increase, partially offset by a decrease of $911 due to the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates. In the current year, the Company incurred $1,101 of acquisition and integration expenses compared to $3,683 in the prior year. The remaining increase

 

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primarily relates to increases in compensation costs including internal compliance resources and increased incentive accruals related to company performance in fiscal 2017.

Facility closure expenses were $921 in the current year compared to $5,200 in the prior year. These expenses relate to consolidation of facilities in certain locations into other existing facilities, primarily related to the consolidation of our manufacturing facilities in Dublin, Ireland ($355), the consolidation of our manufacturing facilities in Glasgow, Scotland ($262), the consolidation of our plants in Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin ($133), Sonoma, California ($52), and Greensboro, North Carolina ($119) into existing facilities. In the prior year, facility closure expenses related to the consolidation of the facilities in Dublin ($1,476) and Glasgow ($597), as well as the consolidation of the plants in Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin ($632), Greensboro, North Carolina ($2,247), and Sonoma, California ($220) and closure of a sales office in Toronto, Canada ($28).

Interest Expense and Other Income, net

 

                   $      %  
     2017      2016      Change      Change  

Interest expense

   $ 25,488      $ 25,751      $ (263      (1 %) 

Other expense (income), net

   $ (2,735    $ 1,867      $ (4,602      246

Other income was $2,735 compared to expense of $1,867 in the prior year. During the current year, adjustments were made to other income for $887 to reconcile certain supplemental purchase price accruals to management’s current estimate of the liability. Additionally, an adjustment was made to other income for $690 to state MCC’s 30% investment in Gironde Imprimerie Publicité (GIP) at its fair value upon purchase of an additional 67.6% ownership in the company (97.6% owned at March 31, 2017). The remaining change in other income primarily relates to the favorable impact of gains and losses on foreign exchange compared to unfavorable foreign exchange resulting from re-measurement of equipment and other payables from certain currencies into functional currencies in the prior year.

Income Tax Expense

 

                   $      %  
     2017      2016      Change      Change  

Income tax expense

   $ 26,848      $ 18,981      $ 7,867        41

The Company’s effective tax rate was 30% in fiscal 2017 compared to 28% in the prior year. The tax rate for fiscal 2016 was impacted by the release of valuation allowances on deferred tax assets held in certain foreign jurisdictions and other discrete items that reduced tax expense compared to the current year.

COMPARISON OF FISCAL YEARS ENDED MARCH 31, 2016 AND MARCH 31, 2015

Net Revenues

 

                   $      %  
     2016      2015      Change      Change  

Net revenues

   $ 870,825      $ 810,772      $ 60,053        7

Net revenues increased 7% to $870,825 from $810,772 in the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2015 accounted for an 11% increase in revenue and organic revenues increased 1%. Foreign exchange rates, primarily driven by the depreciation of the Australian dollar and the Euro, led to a 5% decrease in revenues year over year.

Cost of Revenues and Gross Profit

 

 

                 $      %  
     2016     2015     Change      Change  

Cost of revenues

   $ 689,199     $ 637,498     $ 51,701        8

% of Net revenues

     79.1     78.6     

Gross profit

   $ 181,626     $ 173,274     $ 8,352        5

% of Net revenues

     20.9     21.4     

 

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Cost of revenues increased 8% or $51,701 compared to the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2015 contributed $73,435 or 12%, partially offset by the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates.

Gross profit increased $8,352 or 5% compared to the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2015 contributed $17,925 to gross profit. Operating inefficiencies offset organic margin improvements resulting in a $4,010 reduction in gross margin. Unfavorable foreign exchange rates of $5,563 also reduced gross profit during the year. Gross margins were 20.9% of net revenues for the current year compared to 21.4% in the prior year. Operating inefficiencies in our core markets globally and the impact of foreign exchange rates led to a 0.4% reduction in gross margin. The remaining reduction in gross margin is primarily due to recent acquisitions which have lower margins than the Company as a whole.

Selling, General and Administrative (SG&A) Expenses and Facility Closure Expenses

 

                 $      %  
     2016     2015     Change      Change  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

   $ 81,998     $ 68,012     $ 13,986        21

% of Net revenues

     9.4     8.4     

Facility closure expenses

   $ 5,200     $ 7,399     $ (2,199      (30 %) 

% of Net revenues

     0.6     0.9     

SG&A expenses increased $13,986 or 21% compared to the prior year. Acquisitions occurring after the beginning of fiscal 2015 contributed $11,736 to the increase, partially offset by a decrease of $3,183 due to the favorable impact of foreign exchange rates. In the current year, the Company incurred $3,683 of acquisition and integration expenses, compared to $1,787 in the prior year. The remaining increase relates to professional fees year over year, including an incremental $4,051 for compliance costs. The majority of the compliance costs relate to consulting expenses incurred for remediation measures to strengthen our internal control environment and remediation of material weaknesses.

Facility closure expenses were $5,200 compared to $7,399 in the prior year. These expenses relate to consolidation of facilities in certain locations into other existing facilities, including the consolidation of the Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin ($632), Greensboro, North Carolina ($2,247), and Sonoma, California ($220) facilities into existing facilities. Additionally, the Company is consolidating its manufacturing facilities in Dublin, Ireland ($1,476) into a single location and the manufacturing facilities in Glasgow, Scotland ($597) into a single location and closed a sales office in Toronto, Canada ($28). In the prior year, facility closure expenses related to Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin ($7,271) and El Dorado Hills, California ($128).

Goodwill Impairment

 

                   $      %  
     2016      2015      Change      Change  

Goodwill impairment

   $ —        $ 951      $ (951      (100 %) 

In 2015, we recorded an impairment charge of $951 related to the finalization of the fiscal 2014 impairment analysis for the Latin America Wine & Spirits reporting unit.

Interest Expense and Other Income, net

 

 

                   $      %  
     2016      2015      Change      Change  

Interest expense

   $ 25,751      $ 26,386      $ (635      (2 %) 

Other expense (income), net

   $ 1,867      $ (346    $ 2,213        640

Interest expense decreased $635 or 2% compared to the prior year, due to the write-off of $2,001 of deferred financing fees related to refinancing debt in fiscal 2015. The decrease was offset by an increase in debt borrowings throughout the year to finance acquisitions.

Other expense was $1,867 compared to income of $346 in the prior year primarily related to unfavorable foreign exchange resulting from re-measurement of equipment and other payables from certain currencies into functional currencies in Latin America.

 

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Income Tax Expense

 

                   $      %  
     2016      2015      Change      Change  

Income tax expense

   $ 18,981      $ 25,156      $ (6,175      (25 %) 

The Company’s effective tax rate decreased to 28% in fiscal 2016 from 35% in the prior year primarily due to the mix of income in some of our foreign jurisdictions, the impact of tax rate changes in certain foreign jurisdictions enacted during the period and other discrete items recognized during the current year that reduced tax expense.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Summary of Cash Flows

Net cash provided by operating activities was $107,210 in 2017 and $99,401 in 2016. Net income adjusted for non-cash expenses consisting primarily of depreciation and amortization was $109,097 in the current year compared to $98,936 in the prior year. The $10,161 increase from 2016 to 2017 in net income adjusted for non-cash expenses was primarily driven by a 28% increase in net income from $47,829 in 2016 to $61,365 in 2017. The increase in net income in 2017 is the result of an increase in net sales led by increased volumes in North America, Latin America and Australia along with lower facility closure expenses. Our cash from operating assets and liabilities was a net usage of $1,887 in 2017 as compared to a net source of $465 in 2016.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $99,401 in 2016 and $106,975 in 2015. Net income adjusted for non-cash expenses consisting primarily of depreciation and amortization, goodwill impairment, facility closure expenses related to impairment loss on fixed assets and changes in deferred taxes was $98,936 in 2016 compared to $104,316 in 2015. This decrease is primarily driven by decreased operating income primarily due to operating inefficiencies in core markets, increased compliance costs and unfavorable foreign exchange, partially offset by increased sales and operating income from acquisitions. Our net source from operating assets and liabilities of $465 in 2016 decreased from $2,659 in 2015.

Net cash used in investing activities was $73,635 in 2017, $135,032 in 2016 and $59,922 in 2015. Cash used in investing activities included $28,839, $103,245 and $31,240 which was used for acquisitions in those years, respectively, including $3,123 in purchase price adjustments in 2017 for prior year acquisitions, primarily Cashin Print and System Label. The remaining net usages of $44,796 in 2017, $31,787 in 2016 and $28,682 in 2015 were capital expenditure related, primarily for the purchase of presses net of various sales. Capital expenditures were primarily funded by cash flows from operations.

Net cash used in financing activities in fiscal 2017 was $33,641, which included $31,467 of net debt payments and $4,000 of proceeds from various stock transactions, offset by $1,784 in deferred payments related to the Mr. Labels and Flexo Print acquisitions and dividends paid of $3,876. Dividends paid includes $3,378 to shareholders of Multi-Color Corporation and $498 to the minority shareholders of our 60% owned legal entity in Malaysia.

Net cash provided by financing activities in fiscal 2016 was $45,200, which included $44,997 of net debt borrowings (primarily used to finance acquisitions) and $4,713 of proceeds from various stock transactions, offset by $1,141 in deferred payments related to the Monroe Etiquette and Multiprint acquisitions and dividends paid of $3,351.

Net cash used in financing activities was $37,371 in 2015, which consisted of $19,895 of net debt payments, contingent consideration payments of $10,916 related to the John Watson and Labelgraphics acquisitions, debt issuance costs of $7,921 and dividends paid of $3,302, offset by $4,663 of net proceeds from various stock transactions. Financing activities in 2015 include $250,000 in long-term debt borrowings related to the issuance of the 6.125% Senior Notes due 2022 (the “Notes”) in the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and $341,625 in payments to pay off the Term Loan under the prior credit agreement. The $7,921 in debt issuance costs were paid in conjunction with the issuance of the Notes and entry into the Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”).

Capital Resources

 

On November 21, 2014, the Company issued $250,000 aggregate principal amount of the Notes. The Notes are unsecured senior obligations of the Company. Interest is payable on June 1st and December 1st of each year beginning June 1, 2015 until the maturity date of December 1, 2022. The Company’s obligations under the Notes are guaranteed by certain of the Company’s existing direct and indirect wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries that are guarantors under the Credit Agreement. In connection with the issuance of the Notes, the Company incurred debt issuance costs of $5,413 during 2015, which are being deferred and amortized over the eight year term of the Notes.

Concurrent with the issuance and sale of the Notes, the Company amended and restated its credit agreement. The Credit Agreement provides for revolving loans of up to $500,000 for a five year term expiring on November 21, 2019. The aggregate commitment amount is comprised of the following: (i) a $460,000 revolving credit facility (the “U.S. Revolving Credit Facility”) and (ii) an Australian dollar equivalent of a $40,000 revolving credit facility (the “Australian Revolving Sub-Facility”).

Upon issuance of the Notes, the Company was required to repay in full the Term Loan Facility under the terms of its prior credit agreement. On November 21, 2014, the Company repaid the outstanding balance of $341,625 on the Term Loan Facility using the net proceeds from the Notes and borrowings on the U.S. Revolving Credit Facility. The repayment of the Term Loan Facility was treated primarily as an

 

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extinguishment of debt. As a result, $2,001 in unamortized deferred financing fees were recorded to interest expense during 2015 as a loss on the extinguishment of debt. The remaining unamortized fees of $2,275 and new debt issuance costs of $2,526, which were incurred during 2015 in conjunction with the Credit Agreement, were deferred and are being amortized over the five year term of the Credit Agreement.

The Credit Agreement may be used for working capital, capital expenditures and other corporate purposes and to fund permitted acquisitions (as defined in the Credit Agreement). Loans under the Credit Agreement bear interest at variable rates plus a margin, based on the Company’s consolidated senior secured leverage ratio at the time of the borrowing. The weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the U.S. Revolving Credit Facility was 2.72% and 2.33% at March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and on borrowings under the Australian Revolving Sub-Facility was 3.43% and 3.89% at March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties as well as customary negative and affirmative covenants which require the Company to maintain the following financial covenants at the end of each quarter: (i) a maximum consolidated senior secured leverage ratio of no more than 3.50 to 1.00; (ii) a maximum consolidated leverage ratio of no more than 4.50 to 1.00; and (iii) a minimum consolidated interest coverage ratio of not less than 4.00 to 1.00. The Credit Agreement contains customary mandatory and optional prepayment provisions and customary events of default. The U.S. Revolving Credit Facility and the Australian Revolving Sub-Facility are secured by the capital stock of subsidiaries, substantially all of the assets of each of our domestic subsidiaries, but excluding existing and non-material real property, and intercompany debt. The Australian Revolving Sub-Facility is also secured by substantially all of the assets of the Australian borrower and its direct and indirect subsidiaries.

The Credit Agreement and the indenture governing the Notes (the “Indenture”) limit the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness. Additional covenants contained in the Credit Agreement and the Indenture, among other things, restrict the ability of the Company to dispose of assets, incur guarantee obligations, make restricted payments, create liens, make equity or debt investments, engage in mergers, change the business conducted by the Company and its subsidiaries, and engage in certain transactions with affiliates. Under the Credit Agreement and the Indenture, certain changes in control of the Company could result in the occurrence of an Event of Default. In addition, the Credit Agreement limits the ability of the Company to modify terms of the Indenture. As of March 31, 2017, the Company was in compliance with the covenants in the Credit Agreement and the Indenture.

The Company recorded $1,665, $1,692 and $2,200 in interest expense in 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively, in the consolidated statements of income to amortize deferred financing costs.

Available borrowings under the Credit Agreement at March 31, 2017 consisted of $256,387 under the U.S. Revolving Credit Facility and $8,035 under the Australian Revolving Sub-Facility. The Company also has various other uncommitted lines of credit available at March 31, 2017 in the amount of $9,676.

We believe that we have both sufficient short and long-term liquidity and financing at this time. We anticipate being able to support our short-term liquidity and operating needs largely through cash generated from operations. We had a net working capital position of $109,420 and $111,100 at March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and were in compliance with our loan covenants and current in our principal and interest payments on all debt.

Contractual Obligations

The following table summarizes the Company’s contractual obligations as of March 31, 2017:

 

     Total      Year 1      Year 2      Year 3      Year 4      Year 5      More than
5 years
 

Long-term debt

   $ 480,424      $ 129      $ 114      $ 230,101      $ 37      $ 33      $ 250,010  

Capital leases

     7,412        1,964        1,837        1,768        1,375        468        —    

Interest on long-term debt (1)

     106,781        23,139        21,787        19,805        16,529        15,313        10,208  

Rent due under operating leases

     57,374        12,257        9,878        8,595        7,433        6,416        12,795  

Unconditional purchase obligations

     17,756        17,349        375        14        14        4        —    

Pension obligations

     439        6        15        22        30        40        326  

Unrecognized tax benefits (2)

     —          —          —          —          —          —          —    

Deferred purchase price

     7,534        1,080        5,668        786        —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total contractual obligations

   $ 677,720      $ 55,924      $ 39,674      $ 261,091      $ 25,418      $ 22,274      $ 273,339  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Interest on floating rate debt was estimated using projected forward LIBOR and BBSY rates as of March 31, 2017.

 

(2) The table excludes $5,665 in liabilities related to unrecognized tax benefits as the timing and extent of such payments are not determinable.

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as of March 31, 2017.

 

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Recent Acquisitions

On January 3, 2017, the Company acquired 100% of Graphix Labels and Packaging Pty Ltd. (Graphix) for $17,261. The purchase price included $1,631 that is deferred for two years after the closing date. Graphix is located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and specializes in producing labels for both the food & beverage and wine & spirits markets. In January 2017, the Company acquired an additional 67.6% of the common shares of Gironde Imprimerie Publicité (GIP) for $2,084 plus net debt assumed of $862. The purchase price included $208 that is deferred for one year after the closing date. The Company acquired 30% of GIP as part of the Barat acquisition in fiscal 2016. GIP is located in the Bordeaux region of France and specializes in producing labels for the wine & spirits market.

On July 1, 2016, the Company acquired 100% of Italstereo Resin Labels S.r.l. (Italstereo) for $3,342 less net cash acquired of $181. The purchase price includes $201 and $133 that are deferred for one and two years, respectively, after the closing date. Italstereo is located near Lucca, Italy and specializes in producing pressure sensitive adhesive resin coated labels, seals and emblems. On July 6, 2016, the Company acquired 100% of Industria Litografica Alessandrina S.r.l. (I.L.A.) for $6,301 plus net debt assumed of $3,547. The purchase price includes $819 that is deferred for three years after the closing date. I.L.A. is located in the Piedmont region of Italy and specializes in producing premium self-adhesive and wet glue labels primarily for the wine & spirits market and also services the food industry.

On January 4, 2016, the Company acquired 100% of Cashin Print for $17,487 less net cash acquired of $135 and 100% of System Label for $11,665 less net cash acquired of $2,025. Cashin Print and System Label are located in Castlebar, Ireland and Roscommon, Ireland, respectively. The purchase prices for Cashin Print and System Label include deferred payments of $3,317 and $1,011, respectively. These deferred payments may be paid out in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. The acquired businesses supply multinational customers in Ireland, the United Kingdom and Continental Europe and provide Multi-Color with the opportunity to supply a broader product range to a larger customer base, especially in the healthcare market.

On October 1, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of Supa Stik Labels (Supa Stik) for $6,787 less net cash acquired of $977. Supa Stik is located in Perth, West Australia and services the local wine, food & beverage and healthcare label markets. The purchase price includes $622 that is deferred for two years after the closing date.

On August 11, 2015, the Company acquired 90% of the shares of Super Label based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, which was publicly listed on the Malaysian stock exchange. During the second and third quarters of fiscal 2016, the Company acquired the remaining shares and delisted Super Label. The total purchase price was $39,782 less net cash acquired of $6,035. Super Label has operations in Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and China and produces home & personal care, food & beverage and specialty consumer products labels. This acquisition expands our presence in China and gives us access to new label markets in Southeast Asia.

On May 4, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of Barat Group (Barat) based in Bordeaux, France for $49,973 less net cash acquired of $746. Barat operates four manufacturing facilities in Bordeaux and Burgundy, France, and the acquisition gives the Company access to the label market in the Bordeaux wine region and expands our presence in Burgundy.

On May 1, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of Mr. Labels in Brisbane, Queensland Australia for $2,110. The purchase price includes $196 that was deferred until the first anniversary of the closing date, which was paid during fiscal 2017. Mr. Labels provides labels primarily to food and beverage customers.

On February 2, 2015, the Company acquired New Era Packaging (New Era) for $16,366 less net cash acquired of $1,741. New Era is based near Dublin, Ireland and specializes in labels for the healthcare, pharmaceutical and food industries. On January 5, 2015, the Company acquired Multi Labels Ltd. (Multi Labels) for $15,670 plus net debt assumed of $3,733. Multi Labels is based in Daventry, near London, England, and specializes in premium alcoholic beverage labels for spirits and imported wine. On July 1, 2014, the Company acquired Multiprint Labels Limited (Multiprint) based in Dublin, Ireland for $1,662 plus net debt assumed of $2,371. The purchase price includes $273 that was deferred for one year after the closing date, which was paid during fiscal 2016. Multiprint specializes in pressure sensitive labels for the wine & spirits and beverage markets in Ireland and the UK.

Inflation

We do not believe that our operations have been materially affected by inflation. Inflationary price increases for raw materials could adversely impact our sales and profitability in the future.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. We continually evaluate our estimates, including, but not limited to, those related to revenue recognition, bad debts, inventories and any related reserves, income taxes, fixed assets, goodwill and intangible assets. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions believed to be reasonable under the facts and circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

We believe the following critical accounting policies impact the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. Additionally, our senior management has reviewed the critical accounting policies and estimates with the Board of Directors’ Audit and Finance Committee. For a more detailed discussion of the application of these and other accounting policies, refer to Note 2 of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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Business Combinations

The Company allocates the purchase price of its acquisitions to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based upon their respective fair values at the acquisition date. The Company reports in its consolidated financial statements provisional amounts for the items for which accounting is incomplete. Goodwill is adjusted for any changes to provisional amounts made within the measurement period. The Company utilizes management estimates and an independent third-party valuation firm to assist in determining the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Such estimates and valuations require the Company to make significant assumptions, including projections of future events and operating performance.

Goodwill and Other Acquired Intangible Assets

Impairment reviews comparing fair value to carrying value are highly judgmental and involve the use of significant estimates and assumptions, which determine whether there is potential impairment and the amount of any impairment charge recorded. Fair value assessments involve estimates of discounted cash flows that are dependent upon discount rates and long-term assumptions regarding future sales and margin trends, market conditions, cash flow and multiples of revenue and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”). Actual results may differ from these estimates. Fair value measurements used in the impairment reviews of goodwill and intangible assets are Level 3 measurements. See further information about our policy for fair value measurements within this section below.

Goodwill. Goodwill is not amortized and is tested for impairment annually. Impairment is also tested when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets’ carrying values may be greater than the fair values. Historically, the Company’s policy was to perform the annual goodwill impairment test as of the last day of February of each fiscal year. Beginning in fiscal 2016, the Company moved from accelerated filer status to large accelerated filer status. As a result, the Form 10-K was required to be filed 15 days earlier than in previous years. In order to meet the shorter filing timeline, the Company changed its annual goodwill impairment testing date from the last day of February to the last day of January of each fiscal year, beginning in fiscal 2016. This change in the goodwill impairment testing date represents a change in accounting principle, which management determined to be preferable under the circumstances. The Company determined that it is impracticable to objectively determine projected cash flows and related valuation estimates that would have been used as of January 31 for periods prior to January 31, 2016 without the use of hindsight. Therefore, this change was applied prospectively on January 31, 2016.

Based on operating results for the Europe Wine & Spirits (EUR W&S) reporting unit, a quantitative goodwill impairment assessment was performed during the second quarter of 2017 for this reporting unit. No impairment was indicated. Based on operating results for the Latin American Consumer Product Goods (LA CPG) and Latin America Wine & Spirits (LA W&S) reporting units during fiscal 2015, a quantitative goodwill impairment assessment was performed as of September 30, 2014 for those two reporting units. No impairment was indicated. No events or changes in circumstances occurred in 2016 that required goodwill impairment testing in between annual tests.

Goodwill has been assigned to reporting units for purposes of impairment testing. The reporting units are the Company’s divisions. The Company can evaluate qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the carrying value and whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test.

In conjunction with our annual impairment test as of January 31, 2017, the Company performed a quantitative assessment for all of our reporting units. The first step of the impairment test compares the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. We estimated the fair value of each reporting unit using a combination of: (i) a market approach based on multiples of revenue and EBITDA from recent comparable transactions and other market data; and (ii) an income approach based on expected future cash flows discounted at rates ranging between 8.5% to 11.0% in 2017. The discount rate reflects the risk associated with each respective reporting unit, including the industry and geographies in which they operate. The market and income approaches were both considered, with the income approach selected based on judgment of the comparability of the recent transactions due to the fluid nature of the business and recent acquisitions. The market approach was used to corroborate values determined by the income approach. We considered recent economic and industry trends, as well as risk in executing our current plans from the perspective of a hypothetical buyer in estimating expected future cash flows in the income approach.

For all of our reporting units, the first step of the impairment test did not indicate potential impairment as the estimated fair value of the reporting units exceeded the carrying amount. As a result, the second step of the impairment test was not required.

Significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value of our reporting units include estimates of future cash flows, discount rates and multiples of revenue and EBITDA. These assumptions are typically not considered individually because assumptions used to select one variable should also be considered when selecting other variables; however, sensitivity of the overall fair value assessment to each significant variable is also considered.

In conjunction with our annual impairment test as of January 31, 2016, the Company performed a qualitative assessment for all but two of our reporting units and determined that it was not more likely than not that the fair values of the reporting units were less than the carrying values. Due to changes in sales forecasts during fiscal 2016, the Company performed the first step of the two-step goodwill impairment test for the LA CPG reporting unit. As it passed the first step of the fiscal 2015 impairment test by less than 5%, the Company performed the first step of the two-step goodwill impairment test for the Asia Pacific Wine & Spirits (AP W&S) reporting unit. For both LA CPG and AP W&S, the first step of the impairment test did not indicate potential impairment as the estimated fair value of the reporting unit exceeded the carrying amount. As a result, the second step of the impairment test was not required.

Intangible Assets. Intangible assets with definite useful lives are amortized over periods of up to 21 years based on a number of assumptions including estimated period of economic benefit and utilization. Intangible assets are tested for impairment when events or

 

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changes in circumstances indicate that the assets’ carrying values may be greater than their fair values. Tests are performed over asset groups at the lowest level of identifiable cash flows.

The Company performed impairment testing on long-lived assets, including intangibles, at certain manufacturing locations during fiscal 2017 and 2016 due to the existence of impairment indicators. The undiscounted future cash flows associated with the long-lived assets were greater than their carrying values, and therefore, no impairment was present in either of these two years related to intangible assets.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

We review long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that assets might be impaired and the related carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Changes in market conditions and/or losses of a production line could have a material impact on the consolidated statements of income. The determination of whether impairment exists involves various estimates and assumptions, including the determination of the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by the assets involved in the review. The cash flow estimates are based upon our historical experience, adjusted to reflect estimated future market and operating conditions. Measurement of an impairment loss requires a determination of fair value. We base our estimates of fair values on quoted market prices when available, independent appraisals as appropriate and industry trends or other market knowledge. Tests are performed over asset groups at the lowest level of identifiable cash flows.

The Company recorded $2,006 in impairment losses on fixed assets during fiscal 2016 related to assets that more likely than not will be sold or otherwise disposed of significantly before the end of their estimated useful lives, $1,874 of which related to the closure of various manufacturing facilities. In addition, the Company performed impairment testing on long-lived assets at certain manufacturing locations during fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015 due to the existence of other impairment indicators. The estimated undiscounted cash flows associated with the long-lived assets were greater than their carrying values, and therefore, no impairment was present in any of these three years related to intangible assets.

Income Taxes

The Company is subject to income taxes in both the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Income taxes are recorded based on the current year amounts payable or refundable. Deferred income taxes are recognized at the enacted tax rates for the expected future tax consequences related to temporary differences between amounts reported for income tax purposes and financial reporting purposes as well as any tax attributes. Deferred income taxes are not provided for the undistributed earnings of subsidiaries operating outside of the U.S. that have been permanently reinvested in foreign operations.

We regularly review our deferred income tax balances for each jurisdiction to estimate whether these deferred income tax balances are more likely than not to be realized based on the information currently available. Projected future taxable income is based on forecasted results and assumptions as to the jurisdiction in which the income will be earned. The timing of reversals of any existing temporary differences is based on our methods of accounting for income taxes and current tax legislation. Unless the deferred tax balances are more likely than not to be realized, a valuation allowance is established to reduce the carrying values of any deferred tax balances until circumstances indicate that realization becomes more likely than not.

The Company establishes reserves for income tax related uncertainties based on estimates of whether it is more likely than not that the tax uncertainty would be sustained upon challenge by the appropriate tax authorities. Provisions for and changes to these reserves and any related net interest and penalties are included in income tax expense in the consolidated statements of income. Significant judgment is required when evaluating our tax provisions and determining our provision for income taxes. We regularly review our tax positions and we adjust the reserves as circumstances change.

Fair Value Measurements

The Company defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset, or paid to transfer a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements, the Company uses a three-level hierarchy that prioritizes the use of observable inputs. The three levels are:

Level 1 – Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities

Level 2 – Observable inputs other than quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs

The determination of where an asset or liability falls in the hierarchy requires significant judgment.

Fair value measurements of nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities are primarily used in goodwill, other intangible assets and long-lived assets impairment analyses, the valuation of acquired intangibles and in the valuation of assets held for sale. The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually, as of the last day of January of each fiscal year. Impairment is also tested when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets’ carrying values may be greater than the fair values. Goodwill and intangible assets are typically valued using Level 3 inputs.

New Accounting Pronouncements

For a discussion of new accounting pronouncements, see Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements.

 

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ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

(In thousands, except for statistical data)

Multi-Color does not enter into derivatives or other financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes, but we may utilize them to manage our fixed to variable-rate debt ratio or to manage foreign currency exchange rate volatility.

Multi-Color is exposed to market risks from changes in interest rates on certain of its outstanding debt. The outstanding loan balance under our Credit Agreement bears interest at a variable rate based on prevailing short-term interest rates in the United States and Australia.

The Company had three forward starting non-amortizing Swaps with a total notional amount of $125,000 to convert variable rate debt to fixed rate debt. The Swaps became effective October 2012 and expired in August 2016. The Swaps resulted in interest payments based on an average fixed rate of 1.396% plus the applicable margin per the requirements in the Credit Agreement.

Foreign currency exchange risk arises from our international operations in Argentina, Australia, Canada, Central America, Chile, China, Europe, Southeast Asia, and South Africa as well as from transactions with customers or suppliers denominated in foreign currencies. The functional currency of each of the Company’s subsidiaries is generally the currency of the country in which the subsidiary operates. The results of operations of our foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars at the average exchange rate for each monthly period. As foreign exchange rates change, there are changes to the U.S. dollar equivalent of sales and expenses denominated in foreign currencies. During fiscal 2017, approximately 45% of our net sales were made by our foreign subsidiaries and their combined net income was 26% of the Company’s net income.

The balance sheets of our foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars at the closing exchange rates of each monthly balance sheet date. During fiscal 2017, the Company recorded an unrealized foreign currency translation loss of $25,254 in other comprehensive income as a result of movements in foreign currency exchange rates related to the Argentine Peso, Australian Dollar, British Pound, Canadian Dollar, Chilean Peso, Chinese Yuan, Euro, Indonesian Rupiah, Malaysian Ringgit, Mexican Peso, Philippine Peso, Polish Zloty, South African Rand, Swiss Franc, and the Thai Baht. See Notes 2 and 19 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements. As of March 31, 2017, a 10% change in these foreign exchange rates would change shareholders’ equity by approximately $44,000. This hypothetical change was calculated by multiplying the net assets of each of our foreign subsidiaries by a 10% change in the applicable foreign exchange rate.

 

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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Financial Statement Schedules

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

     Page

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   31-32

Consolidated Statements of Income

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

   33

34

Consolidated Balance Sheets

   35

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

   36

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

   37

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   38

All financial statement schedules have been omitted because they are either not required or the information is included in the financial statements or notes thereto.

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

Board of Directors and Stockholders

Multi-Color Corporation

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Multi-Color Corporation (an Ohio corporation) and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of March 31, 2017 and 2016, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2017. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Multi-Color Corporation and subsidiaries as of March 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended March 31, 2017 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2017, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated May 30, 2017 expressed an unqualified opinion.

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP

Cincinnati, Ohio

May 30, 2017

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

Board of Directors and Stockholders

Multi-Color Corporation

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Multi-Color Corporation (an Ohio corporation) and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of March 31, 2017, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting (“Management’s Report”). Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. Our audit of, and opinion on, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting does not include the internal control over financial reporting of Industria Litografica Alessandrina S.r.l (“I.L.A.”), Italstereo Resin Labels S.r.l (“Italstereo”), Gironde Imprimerie Publicite (“GIP”) and Graphix Labels and Packing Pty Ltd (“Graphix”), whose financial statements reflect total assets and revenues constituting 4.1% and 1.2% percent, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended March 31, 2017. As indicated in Management’s Report, I.L.A., Italstereo, GIP and Graphix were acquired during the year ended March 31, 2017. Management’s assertion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting excluded internal control over financial reporting of I.L.A., Italstereo, GIP and Graphix.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2017, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by COSO.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the year ended March 31, 2017, and our report dated May 30, 2017 expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements.

/s/ GRANT THORNTON LLP

Cincinnati, Ohio

May 30, 2017

 

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

For the Years Ended March 31

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

     2017     2016      2015  

Net revenues

   $ 923,295     $ 870,825      $ 810,772  

Cost of revenues

     726,486       689,199        637,498  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross profit

     196,809       181,626        173,274  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     84,922       81,998        68,012  

Facility closure expenses

     921       5,200        7,399  

Goodwill impairment

     —         —          951  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     110,966       94,428        96,912  

Interest expense

     25,488       25,751        26,386  

Other expense (income), net

     (2,735     1,867        (346
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     88,213       66,810        70,872  

Income tax expense

     26,848       18,981        25,156  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

     61,365       47,829        45,716  

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     369       90        —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Multi-Color Corporation

   $ 60,996     $ 47,739      $ 45,716  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average shares and equivalents outstanding:

       

Basic

     16,879       16,750        16,623  

Diluted

     17,024       16,952        16,877  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share

   $ 3.61     $ 2.85      $ 2.75  

Diluted earnings per common share

   $ 3.58     $ 2.82      $ 2.71  

Dividends per common share

   $ 0.20     $ 0.20      $ 0.20  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

For the Years Ended March 31

(In thousands)

 

     2017     2016     2015  

Net income

   $ 61,365     $ 47,829     $ 45,716  

Other comprehensive income (loss):

      

Unrealized foreign currency translation loss (1)

     (25,254     (2,671     (56,200

Unrealized gain on interest rate swaps, net of tax (2)

     196       485       563  

Change in minimum pension liability, net of tax (3)

     174       35       (169
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

     (24,884     (2,151     (55,806
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

     36,481       45,678       (10,090

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     157       163       —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Multi-Color Corporation

   $ 36,324     $ 45,515     $ (10,090
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) The amount for the years ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 includes a tax impact of $284, $(277) and $1,002, respectively, related to the settlement of foreign currency denominated intercompany loans.

 

(2) Amounts are net of tax of $(133), $(303) and $(353) for the years ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

(3) Amounts are net of tax of $(108), $(22) and $106 for the years ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of March 31

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

     2017     2016  

ASSETS

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 25,229     $ 27,709  

Accounts receivable, net

     141,211       134,920  

Other receivables

     7,871       8,807  

Inventories, net

     63,995       61,191  

Prepaid expenses

     12,187       13,618  

Other current assets

     3,253       2,280  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     253,746       248,525  

Property, plant and equipment, net

     247,261       221,295  

Goodwill

     412,550       422,009  

Intangible assets, net

     169,220       169,146  

Other non-current assets

     6,365       5,773  

Deferred income tax assets

     2,848       3,318  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,091,990     $ 1,070,066  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Current liabilities:

    

Current portion of long-term debt

   $ 2,093     $ 1,573  

Accounts payable

     88,475       82,958  

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

     53,758       52,894  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     144,326       137,425  

Long-term debt

     479,408       504,706  

Deferred income tax liabilities

     65,761       65,798  

Other liabilities

     20,675       19,505  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     710,170       727,434  

Commitments and contingencies

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, no par value, 1,000 shares authorized, no shares outstanding

     —         —    

Common stock, no par value, stated value of $0.10 per share; 40,000 shares authorized, 17,254 and 17,111 shares issued at March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively

     1,054       1,040  

Paid-in capital

     158,399       150,783  

Treasury stock, 302 and 293 shares at cost at March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively

     (11,168     (10,556

Retained earnings

     316,461       258,848  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (85,795     (61,123
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity attributable to Multi-Color Corporation

     378,951       338,992  

Noncontrolling interests

     2,869       3,640  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     381,820       342,632  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,091,990     $ 1,070,066  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands)

 

                                                 
    Common Stock                      

Accumulated

Other

             
    Shares
Issued
    Amount     Paid-In
Capital
    Treasury
Stock
    Retained
Earnings
    Comprehensive
Loss
    Noncontrolling
Interests
    Total  

March 31, 2014

    16,571     $ 989     $ 131,632     $ (3,760   $ 172,052     $ (3,166   $ —       $ 297,747  

Net income

            45,716           45,716  

Other comprehensive loss

              (55,806       (55,806

Issuance of common stock

    324       32       5,483               5,515  

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

        2,644               2,644  

Restricted stock grant

    11                   —    

Stock-based compensation

        1,970               1,970  

Shares acquired under employee plans

          (5,008           (5,008

Common stock dividends

            (3,305         (3,305
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

March 31, 2015

    16,906     $ 1,021     $ 141,729     $ (8,768   $ 214,463     $ (58,972   $ —       $ 289,473  

Net income

            47,739         90       47,829  

Other comprehensive income (loss)

              (2,151     73       (2,078

Acquisitions

                3,477       3,477  

Issuance of common stock

    190       19       4,065               4,084  

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

        2,007               2,007  

Restricted stock grant

    15                   —    

Stock-based compensation

        2,982               2,982  

Shares acquired under employee plans

          (1,788           (1,788

Common stock dividends

            (3,354         (3,354
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

March 31, 2016

    17,111     $ 1,040     $ 150,783     $ (10,556   $ 258,848     $ (61,123   $ 3,640     $ 342,632  

Net income

            60,996         369       61,365  

Other comprehensive loss

              (24,672     (212     (24,884

Acquisitions

                62       62  

Issuance of common stock

    136       14       3,338               3,352  

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

        1,258               1,258  

Restricted stock grant

    8                   —    

Restricted stock forfeitures

    (1                 —    

Stock-based compensation

        3,042               3,042  

Shares acquired under employee plans

          (612           (612

Buyout of noncontrolling interest

        (22           (492     (514

Common stock dividends

            (3,383         (3,383

Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests

                (498     (498
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

March 31, 2017

    17,254     $ 1,054     $ 158,399     $ (11,168   $ 316,461     $ (85,795   $ 2,869     $ 381,820  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the Years Ended March 31

(In thousands)

 

     2017     2016     2015  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

      

Net income

   $ 61,365     $ 47,829     $ 45,716  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation

     33,480       31,295       29,828  

Amortization of intangible assets

     14,425       13,178       11,541  

Amortization of deferred financing costs

     1,665       1,692       2,200  

Loss on write-off of deferred financing fees

     —         —         2,001  

Impairment loss on fixed assets

     —         132       777  

Facility closure expenses related to impairment loss on fixed assets

     —         1,874       5,208  

Goodwill impairment

     —         —         951  

Gain on sale of Watertown facility

     —         (476     —    

Loss (gain) on benefit plans related to facility closures

     133       88       (726

Gain on previously held equity interests

     (690     —         —    

Net (gain) loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

     (230     282       199  

Net (gain) loss on interest rate swaps

     103       (276     351  

Stock-based compensation expense

     3,042       2,982       1,970  

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

     (1,258     (2,007     (2,644

Deferred income taxes, net

     (2,938     2,343       6,944  

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:

      

Accounts receivable

     (7,457     (5,412     1,953  

Inventories

     (1,999     3,273       (1,048

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     1,067       (10,581     1,811  

Accounts payable

     171       11,773       (4,095

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

     6,331       1,412       4,038  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     107,210       99,401       106,975  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

      

Capital expenditures

     (46,146     (34,892     (29,153

Investment in acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (28,839     (103,245     (31,240

Proceeds from sale of Watertown and Norway facilities

     —         2,505       —    

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment

     1,350       600       471  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (73,635     (135,032     (59,922
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

      

Borrowings under revolving lines of credit

     265,746       362,960       323,895  

Payments under revolving lines of credit

     (292,797     (309,621     (227,818

Borrowings of long-term debt

     2,156       823       251,896  

Repayments of long-term debt

     (6,572     (9,165     (367,868

Payment of acquisition related contingent consideration and deferred payments

     (1,784     (1,141     (10,916

Buyout of non-controlling interest

     (514     —         —    

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     2,742       2,706       2,019  

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation

     1,258       2,007       2,644  

Debt issuance costs

     —         (18     (7,921

Dividends paid

     (3,876     (3,351     (3,302
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by/(used in) financing activities

     (33,641     45,200       (37,371
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash

     (2,414     91       (1,653
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (2,480     9,660       8,029  

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

     27,709       18,049       10,020  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

   $ 25,229     $ 27,709     $ 18,049  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(In thousands, except for statistical and per share data)

 

(1) THE COMPANY

Multi-Color Corporation (Multi-Color, MCC, we, us, our or the Company), headquartered near Cincinnati, Ohio, is a leader in global label solutions supporting a number of the world’s most prominent brands including leading producers of home & personal care, wine & spirits, food & beverage, healthcare and specialty consumer products. MCC serves international brand owners in North, Central and South America, Europe, China, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa with a comprehensive range of the latest label technologies in Pressure Sensitive, Glue-Applied (Cut and Stack), In-Mold, Shrink Sleeve and Heat Transfer.

 

(2) SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

References to 2017, 2016 and 2015 are for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) and include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to current year classifications.

As of March 31, 2017, the Company’s operations were conducted through the Consumer Product Goods and Wine & Spirits operating segments, which are aggregated into one reportable segment in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 280, “Segment Reporting.” The metrics used by management to assess the performance of the Company’s operating segments include revenue trends, gross profit margin and operating margin. The Company’s operating segments have historically had similar economic characteristics and are expected to have similar economic characteristics and long-term financial performance in future periods.

Use of Estimates in Financial Statements

In preparing financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Business Combinations

The Company allocates the purchase price of its acquisitions to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based upon their respective fair values at the acquisition date. The Company utilizes management estimates and an independent third-party valuation firm to assist in determining these fair values. The excess of the acquisition price over the estimated fair value of the net assets is recorded as goodwill. Goodwill is adjusted for any changes to acquisition date fair value amounts made within the measurement period. Acquisition-related transaction costs are recognized separately from the business combination and expensed as incurred.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue on sales of products when the customer receives title to the goods and risk of loss transfers to the customer, which is generally upon shipment or delivery depending on sales terms, persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Revenues are generally denominated in the currency of the country from which the product is shipped and are net of applicable returns and discounts.

In addition, the Company also recognizes revenues related to multiple-element arrangements with both pre-press activities and traditional label revenues. These pre-press charges are specific to the customer and product under contract and the output generated has no marketable use outside of the label production process for the specific contract run. We have only one deliverable for revenue recognition and a single unit of accounting. As such, to the extent that revenue for these pre-press activities is separately billed, it is deferred and recognized over the period of the associated label runs. These label runs range from a single production run to ongoing runs over an average of 3-4 months. The associated costs are also deferred and recognized over the same period.

Shipping fees billed to customers are included in net revenues and shipping costs are included in cost of revenues in the consolidated statements of income. Taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities in applicable jurisdictions are excluded from net revenues.

Cost of Revenues

Cost of revenues primarily consists of direct materials and supplies consumed in the manufacture of product, as well as manufacturing labor, depreciation expense and direct overhead expense necessary to acquire and convert the purchased materials and supplies into finished product. Cost of revenues also includes inbound freight costs and costs to distribute products to customers.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) primarily consist of sales and marketing costs, corporate and divisional administrative and other costs and depreciation and amortization expense related to non-manufacturing assets. Advertising costs are charged to expense as incurred and were minimal in 2017, 2016 and 2015.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred and were $5,274, $5,520 and $4,619 in 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

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Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company records all highly liquid short-term investments with maturities of three months or less as cash equivalents. At March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company had cash in foreign bank accounts of $24,656 and $25,483, respectively. Outstanding checks of $8,876 and $6,574 were included in accounts payable as of March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Accounts Receivable

Our customers are primarily major consumer product, food & beverage, wine & spirits and container companies. Accounts receivable consist of amounts due from customers in connection with our normal business activities and are carried at sales value less allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is established to reflect the expected losses of accounts receivable based on past collection history, age, account payment status compared to invoice payment terms and specific individual risks identified. The delinquency of a receivable account is determined based on these factors. The Company does not accrue interest on aged accounts receivable.

Supply Chain Financing

During 2015, the Company entered into supply chain financing agreements with two of its customers. The receivables for both the agreements are sold without recourse to the customers’ banks and are accounted for as sales of accounts receivable. Gains and losses on the sale of these receivables are included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income, and losses of $561, $363 and $67 were recorded during 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market value and substantially all are maintained using the FIFO (first-in, first-out) or specific identification method. Excess and obsolete inventory allowances are generally established based on inventory age.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation expense, which includes the amortization of assets recorded under capital leases, is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, or the remaining terms of the leases, as follows:

 

Buildings

Building improvements

    

20-39 years

15 years

 

 

Machinery and equipment

     3-15 years  

Computers

     3-5 years  

Furniture and fixtures

     5-10 years  

Goodwill and Other Acquired Intangible Assets

Impairment reviews comparing fair value to carrying value are highly judgmental and involve the use of significant estimates and assumptions, which determine whether there is potential impairment and the amount of any impairment charge recorded. Fair value assessments involve estimates of discounted cash flows that are dependent upon discount rates and long-term assumptions regarding future sales and margin trends, market conditions, cash flow and multiples of revenue and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”). Actual results may differ from these estimates. Fair value measurements used in the impairment reviews of goodwill and intangible assets are Level 3 measurements. See further information about our policy for fair value measurements within this section below. See further information regarding our impairment tests in Note 7.

Goodwill. Goodwill is not amortized and is tested for impairment annually. Impairment is also tested when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets’ carrying values may be greater than the fair values. Historically, the Company’s policy was to perform the annual goodwill impairment test as of the last day of February of each fiscal year. Beginning in fiscal 2016, the Company moved from accelerated filer status to large accelerated filer status. As a result, the Form 10-K was required to be filed 15 days earlier than in previous years. In order to meet the shorter filing timeline, the Company changed its annual goodwill impairment testing date from the last day of February to the last day of January of each fiscal year, beginning in fiscal 2016. This change in the goodwill impairment testing date represents a change in accounting principle, which management determined to be preferable under the circumstances. The Company determined that it is impracticable to objectively determine projected cash flows and related valuation estimates that would have been used as of January 31, 2016 for periods prior to January 31, 2016 without the use of hindsight. Therefore, this change was applied prospectively on January 31, 2016.

Goodwill has been assigned to reporting units for purposes of impairment testing. The reporting units are the Company’s divisions. The Company can evaluate qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the carrying value and whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test. The first step of the impairment test compares the fair value of the reporting unit to the carrying value. The market and income approaches were both considered, with the income approach selected based on judgement of the comparability of recent transactions due to the fluid nature of the business and recent acquisitions. The market approach was used to corroborate values determined by the income approach.

Intangible Assets. Intangible assets with definite useful lives are amortized over periods of up to 21 years based on a number of assumptions including estimated period of economic benefit and utilization. Intangible assets are tested for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets’ carrying values may be greater than their fair values. We test for impairment by comparing (i) estimates of undiscounted future cash flows, before interest charges, included in our operating plans to (ii) the carrying values of the related assets. Tests are performed over asset groups at the lowest level of identifiable cash flows.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

We review long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that assets might be impaired and the related carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Changes in market conditions and/or losses of a production line could have a material

 

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impact on the consolidated statements of income. The determination of whether impairment exists involves various estimates and assumptions, including the determination of the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by the assets involved in the review. The cash flow estimates are based upon our historical experience, adjusted to reflect estimated future market and operating conditions. Measurement of an impairment loss requires a determination of fair value. We base our estimates of fair values on quoted market prices when available, independent appraisals as appropriate and industry trends or other market knowledge. Tests are performed over asset groups at the lowest level of identifiable cash flows.

Income Taxes

The Company is subject to income taxes in both the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Income taxes are recorded based on the current year amounts payable or refundable. Deferred income taxes are recognized at the enacted tax rates for the expected future tax consequences related to temporary differences between amounts reported for income tax purposes and financial reporting purposes as well as any tax attributes. Deferred income taxes are not provided for the undistributed earnings of subsidiaries operating outside of the U.S. that have been permanently reinvested in foreign operations.

We regularly review our deferred income tax balances for each jurisdiction to estimate whether these deferred income tax balances are more likely than not to be realized based on the information currently available. Projected future taxable income is based on forecasted results and assumptions as to the jurisdiction in which the income will be earned. The timing of reversals of any existing temporary differences is based on our methods of accounting for income taxes and current tax legislation. Unless the deferred tax balances are more likely than not to be realized, a valuation allowance is established to reduce the carrying values of any deferred tax balances until circumstances indicate that realization becomes more likely than not.

The Company establishes reserves for income tax related uncertainties based on estimates of whether it is more likely than not that the tax uncertainty would be sustained upon challenge by the appropriate tax authorities. Provisions for and changes to these reserves and any related net interest and penalties are included in income tax expense in the consolidated statements of income. Significant judgment is required when evaluating our tax provisions and determining our provision for income taxes. We regularly review our tax positions and we adjust the reserves as circumstances change.

Earnings per Common Share

Basic earnings per common share (EPS) is computed by dividing net income attributable to Multi-Color Corporation by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net income attributable to Multi-Color Corporation by the sum of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period plus, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potential common shares outstanding during the period consist of restricted shares and the incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and are reflected in diluted EPS by application of the treasury stock method.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company accounts for derivative financial instruments by recognizing derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at fair value and recognizing the resulting gains or losses as adjustments to the consolidated statements of income or accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The Company does not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

The Company manages interest costs using a mixture of fixed rate and variable rate debt. Additionally, the Company enters into interest rate swaps (Swaps) whereby it agrees to exchange with a counterparty, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed and variable interest amounts calculated by reference to an agreed upon notional principal amount.

Upon inception, the Swaps were designated as a cash flow hedge, and the Company adjusted the carrying value of these derivatives to their estimated fair value and recorded the adjustment in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). In conjunction with entering into the Credit Agreement on November 21, 2014, the Company de-designated the Swaps as a cash flow hedge. Subsequent to November 21, 2014, changes in the fair value of the de-designated Swaps are immediately recognized in interest expense.

The Company manages foreign currency exchange rate risk of foreign currency denominated firm commitments to purchase presses and other equipment by periodically entering into foreign currency forward contracts. In addition, the Company periodically enters into short-term foreign currency forward contracts to fix the U.S. dollar value of certain intercompany loan payments, which settle in the following quarter. If designated as a fair value hedge, changes in the fair value of a contract are recorded in other income and expense in the consolidated statements of income in the same period during which the related hedged item affects the consolidated statements of income. The Company evaluates effectiveness on an ongoing quarterly basis. If not designated as a hedging instrument, changes in the fair value of a contract are immediately recognized in other income and expense in the consolidated statements of income.

Fair Value Measurements

The carrying value of financial instruments approximates fair value.

The Company defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset, or paid to transfer a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements, the Company uses a three-level hierarchy that prioritizes the use of observable inputs. The three levels are:

Level 1 – Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities

Level 2 – Observable inputs other than quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs

The determination of where an asset or liability falls in the hierarchy requires significant judgment.

 

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Fair value measurements of nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities are primarily used in goodwill, other intangible assets and long-lived assets impairment analyses, the valuation of acquired intangibles and in the valuation of assets held for sale. The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually, as of the last day of January of each fiscal year. Impairment is also tested when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets’ carrying values may be greater than the fair values. Goodwill and intangible assets are typically valued using Level 3 inputs.

Foreign Exchange

The functional currency of each of the Company’s subsidiaries is generally the currency of the country in which the subsidiary operates. Assets and liabilities of foreign operations are translated using period end exchange rates, and revenues and expenses are translated using average exchange rates during each period. Translation gains and losses are reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as a component of stockholders’ equity and were a loss of $25,254, $2,671 and $56,200 during 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Transaction gains and (losses) are reported in other income and expense in the consolidated statements of income and were ($533), $2,185 and ($117) during 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other,” which simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairments. This update removes step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. A goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. This update is effective for any annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, which for the Company is any annual or interim goodwill impairments performed after April 1, 2020. Early adoption is permitted for any impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this update on its consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, “Business Combinations,” which revises the definition of a business. The FASB’s new framework will assist entities in evaluating whether a set (integrated set of assets and activities) should be accounted for as an acquisition of a business or a group of assets. The framework adds an initial screen to determine if substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single asset or group of similar assets. If that screen is met, the set is not a business. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years, which for the Company is the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this update on its consolidated financial statements, but it is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments,” which addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The specific issues addressed include debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination and separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years, which for the Company is the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2018. The amendments in this update should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this update on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, “Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting,” which simplifies several areas of accounting for employee share-based payments, including the accounting for income taxes and forfeitures and the classification of excess tax benefits and employee taxes paid when directly withholding shares for tax-withholding purposes. This ASU requires that excess tax benefits for share-based payments be recognized as income tax expense and classified within operating cash flows rather than being recorded within additional paid-in capital and classified within financing cash flows. This update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which for the Company is the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2017. The Company will adopt the update effective April 1, 2017. Due to the nature of share-based payment exercise patterns, the Company will not know all potential impacts of the update until the end of the quarter in which the standard is adopted. The Company believes the most significant impact will come from the amendments related to accounting for excess tax benefits, which will result in recognition of excess tax benefits against income tax expenses rather than additional paid-in capital.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases,” which requires that lessees recognize almost all leases on the balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and a lease liability. For income statement purposes, leases will be classified as either finance leases or operating leases. This update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which for the Company is the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2019. This update should be applied at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements, which will include an increase in both assets and liabilities relating to its leasing activities.

In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-16, “Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments,” which eliminated the requirement for an acquirer in a business combination to account for measurement-period adjustments retrospectively. Instead, acquirers must recognize measurement-period adjustments during the period in which they determine the amounts, including the effect on earnings of any amounts they would have recorded in previous periods if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which for the Company was the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2016. This update was applied prospectively to adjustments to provisional amounts that occurred after the effective date. See Note 7 for additional disclosures provided as a result of adoption of this ASU, which did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

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In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, “Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory,” which simplifies the subsequent measurement of inventory by requiring inventory to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. This update does not apply to inventory that is measured using last-in, first-out (LIFO) or the retail inventory method. Prior to issuance of this ASU, inventory was measured at the lower of cost or market (where market was defined as replacement cost, with a ceiling of net realizable value and a floor of net realizable value less normal profit margin). For inventory within the scope of the new guidance, entities will be required to compare the cost of inventory to only its net realizable value, and not to the three measures required by current guidance. This update is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which for the Company is the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2017. The Company will adopt the update effective April 1, 2017, and it is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-05, “Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement,” which provides criteria for determining whether a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license. If a cloud computing arrangement includes a software license, then the customer should account for the software license element of the arrangement consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses. If a cloud computing arrangement does not include a software license, the customer should account for the arrangement as a service contract. This update is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years, which for the Company was the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2016. We elected to apply this update prospectively to all arrangements entered into or materially modified after the effective date. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, “Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs,” which requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. Under previous accounting guidance, debt issuance costs were recognized as a deferred charge (an asset). The recognition and measurement of debt issuance costs are not affected by this update, only the presentation in the Consolidated Balance Sheet. This update is effective retrospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years, which for the Company was the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2016. The Company’s adoption of this update, as of the effective date, is a change in accounting principle.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-15, “Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with Line-of-Credit Arrangements.” This update adds SEC paragraphs pursuant to the SEC Staff Announcement at the June 18, 2015 Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) meeting. Given the absence of authoritative guidance within ASU 2015-03 for debt issuance costs related to line-of-credit arrangements, the SEC staff would not object to an entity deferring and presenting debt issuance costs as an asset and subsequently amortizing the deferred debt issuance costs ratably over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. The Company elected to present all debt issuance costs, net of accumulated amortization, as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liability, including those related to our line-of-credit arrangements. As a result, $1,665 and $6,335 were reclassified from prepaid expenses and other non-current assets, respectively, to long-term debt in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2016. See Note 8 for additional information on debt issuance costs.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which provides revised guidance for revenue recognition. The standard’s core principle is that an entity should recognize revenue for transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. This guidance provides five steps that should be applied to achieve that core principle. In July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date of this standard by one year to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, which for the Company is the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2018. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations for Topic 606. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, which clarifies the following two aspects of Topic 606: identifying performance obligations and the licensing implementation guidance. In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-20, which further clarifies and removes inconsistencies in ASU 2014-09 guidance. These updates can be applied retrospectively to each period presented or as a cumulative-effect adjustment (modified retrospective) as of the date of adoption. The Company has begun its process for implementing this guidance, including a review of all revenue streams to identify any differences in the timing, measurement or presentation of revenue recognition. The Company plans to adopt the new revenue guidance and these updates for the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach and is currently evaluating the impact of this update on its consolidated financial statements.

No other new accounting pronouncement issued or effective during the fiscal year had or is expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

 

(3) ACQUISITIONS

Super Enterprise Holdings Berhad (Super Label) Summary

On August 11, 2015, the Company acquired 90% of the shares of Super Label based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, which was publicly listed on the Malaysian stock exchange. During the second and third quarters of fiscal 2016, the Company acquired the remaining shares and delisted Super Label. Super Label has operations in Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and China and produces home & personal care, food and beverage and specialty consumer products labels. This acquisition expanded our presence in China and gave us access to new label markets in Southeast Asia.

The acquisition included an 80% controlling interest in the label operations in Indonesia and a 60% controlling interest in certain legal entities in Malaysia and China. During the third quarter of fiscal 2017, the Company acquired the remaining shares of the label operations in Indonesia for $514. The results of Super Label’s operations were included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements beginning on August 11, 2015.

 

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The purchase price for Super Label consisted of the following:

 

Cash from proceeds of borrowings

   $ 39,782

Net cash acquired

     (6,035
  

 

 

 

Total purchase price

   $ 33,747  
  

 

 

 

The cash portion of the purchase price was funded through borrowings under our Credit Agreement (see Note 8). Net cash acquired included $8,152 of cash acquired less $2,117 of bank debt assumed. The Company spent $1,434 in acquisition expenses related to the Super Label acquisition. These expenses were recorded in selling, general, and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income, $7 in fiscal 2017 and $1,427 in fiscal 2016.

Barat Group (Barat) Summary

On May 4, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of Barat based in Bordeaux, France. Barat operates four manufacturing facilities in Bordeaux and Burgundy, France, and the acquisition gives the Company access to the label market in the Bordeaux wine region and expands our presence in Burgundy. The acquisition included a 30% minority interest in Gironde Imprimerie Publicité (GIP), which was accounted for under the cost method based upon Multi-Color’s inability to exercise significant influence over the business. The results of Barat’s operations were included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements beginning on May 4, 2015.

The purchase price for Barat consisted of the following:

 

Cash from proceeds of borrowings

   $ 47,813  

Deferred payment

     2,160  
  

 

 

 

Purchase price, before cash acquired

     49,973  

Net cash acquired

     (746
  

 

 

 

Total purchase price

   $ 49,227  
  

 

 

 

The cash portion of the purchase price was funded through the Credit Agreement (see Note 8). The purchase price included $2,160 due to the seller, which was paid during the three months ended September 30, 2015. Net cash acquired included $4,444 of cash acquired less $3,698 of bank debt assumed related to capital leases. The Company spent $1,500 in acquisition expenses related to the Barat acquisition. These expenses were recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income, $12 in fiscal 2017, $816 in fiscal 2016 and $672 in fiscal 2015.

In conjunction with the acquisition of Barat, the Company recorded an indemnification asset of $1,115, which represents the seller’s obligation under the purchase agreement to indemnify Multi-Color for the outcome of potential contingent liabilities relating to uncertain tax positions.

Purchase Price Allocation and Other Items

Based on fair value estimates, the purchase prices for Super Label and Barat have been allocated to individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed as follows:

 

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     Super Label      Barat  

Assets Acquired:

     

Net cash acquired

   $ 6,035      $ 746  

Accounts receivable

     8,479        8,489  

Inventories

     4,276        2,863  

Property, plant and equipment

     22,002        8,356  

Intangible assets

     2,437        21,852  

Goodwill

     8,668        23,391  

Other assets

     1,984        2,794  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets acquired

     53,881        68,491  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities Assumed:

     

Accounts payable

     5,087        3,049  

Accrued income taxes payable

     936        355  

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

     1,725        7,043  

Deferred tax liabilities

     2,874        8,071  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities assumed

     10,622        18,518  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net assets acquired

     43,259        49,973  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Noncontrolling interests

     (3,477      —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net assets acquired attributable to Multi-Color Corporation

   $ 39,782      $ 49,973  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

During fiscal 2017, goodwill decreased by $4,741 related to measurement period adjustments for the Super Label acquisition, primarily $4,601 and $1,683 related to the final valuation of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, respectively, partially offset by an increase of $1,654 related to the final valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities. No material measurement period adjustments related to Super Label were recognized in the consolidated statements of income in fiscal 2017 that would have been recognized in previous periods if the adjustments to provisional amounts were recognized as of the acquisition date.

During fiscal 2016, goodwill increased by $7,328 related to measurement period adjustments for the Super Label acquisition. This increase was primarily due to a measurement period adjustment of $6,321 related to the fair value of the noncontrolling interests acquired and $2,428 in additional purchase price paid in conjunction with the compulsory acquisition of the remaining shares of Super Label during the third quarter of fiscal 2016, partially offset by decreases related to the preliminary valuation of intangible assets of $754 and updated valuation of current and deferred tax assets and liabilities.

During fiscal 2016, goodwill decreased by $15,053 related to measurement period adjustments for the Barat acquisition. This decrease was primarily due to completion of the valuation of intangible assets and property, plant and equipment of $21,852 and $1,497, respectively, partially offset by an increase of $7,956 due to completion of the final valuation of current and deferred tax assets and liabilities.

The fair value of the noncontrolling interests for Super Label were estimated based on market valuations performed by an independent third party using a combination of: (i) an income approach based on expected future discounted cash flows; and (ii) an asset approach.

The estimated fair value of identifiable intangible assets and their estimated useful lives are as follows:

 

     Super Label      Barat
     Fair Value      Useful Lives      Fair Value      Useful Lives

Customer relationships

   $ 2,437        15 years      $ 20,849      20 years

Non-compete agreements

     —          —          780      2 years

Trademarks

     —          —          223      1 year
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

Total identifiable intangible assets

   $ 2,437         $ 21,852     
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

Identifiable intangible assets are amortized over their useful lives based upon a number of assumptions including the estimated period of economic benefit and utilization. The weighted-average amortization period for identifiable intangible assets acquired in the Barat acquisition is 19 years.

The goodwill for Super Label is attributable to access to the label markets in Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand and the acquired workforce. The goodwill for Barat is attributable to access to the label market in the Bordeaux wine region and the acquired workforce. Goodwill arising from the Super Label and Barat acquisitions is not deductible for income tax purposes.

 

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Below is a roll forward of the goodwill acquired from the acquisition date to March 31, 2017:

 

     Super Label      Barat  

Balance at acquisition date

   $ 8,668      $ 23,391  

Foreign exchange impact

     (716      (1,035
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2017

   $ 7,952      $ 22,356  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accounts receivable acquired as part of the Super Label acquisition had a fair value of $8,479 at the acquisition date. The gross contractual value of the receivables prior to any adjustments was $8,809 and the estimated contractual cash flows not expected to be collected are $330. The accounts receivable acquired as part of the Barat acquisition had a fair value of $8,489 at the acquisition date. The gross contractual value of the receivables prior to any adjustments was $8,679 and the estimated contractual cash flows not expected to be collected are $190.

The net revenues and net income of Super Label included in the consolidated statement of income from the acquisition date through March 31, 2016 were $23,157 and $175, respectively. The net revenues and net income of Barat included in the consolidated statement of income from the acquisition date through March 31, 2016 were $30,098 and $1,251, respectively.

Pro Forma Information (Unaudited)

The following table provides the unaudited pro forma results of operations for the years ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 as if Super Label and Barat had been acquired as of the beginning of fiscal year 2015. However, pro forma results do not include any anticipated synergies from the combination of the companies, and accordingly, are not necessarily indicative of the results that would have occurred if the acquisitions had occurred on the dates indicated or that may result in the future.

 

     2016      2015  

Net revenues

   $ 887,803      $ 888,757  

Net income attributable to Multi-Color

   $ 50,270      $ 46,295  

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 2.97      $ 2.74  

The following is a reconciliation of actual net revenues and net income attributable to Multi-Color Corporation to pro forma net revenues and net income attributable to Multi-Color Corporation:

 

     2016      2015  
     Net Revenues      Net Income      Net Revenues      Net Income  

Multi-Color Corporation actual results

   $ 870,825      $ 47,739      $ 810,772      $ 45,716  

Acquired companies results

     16,978        1,063        77,985        4,373  

Pro forma adjustments

     —          1,468        —          (3,794
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Pro forma results

   $ 887,803      $ 50,270      $ 888,757      $ 46,295  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table identifies pro forma adjustments:

 

     2016      2015  

Acquired companies financing costs

   $ 150      $ 2,063  

Acquisition transaction costs

     2,243        672  

Incremental depreciation and amortization

     —          (1,838

Incremental interest costs

     (925      (4,691
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Pro forma adjustments

   $ 1,468      $ (3,794
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other Acquisition Activity

On January 3, 2017, the Company acquired 100% of Graphix Labels and Packaging Pty Ltd. (Graphix) for $17,261. The purchase price included $1,631 that is deferred for two years after the closing date. Graphix is located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia and specializes in producing labels for both the food & beverage and wine & spirits markets. In January 2017, the Company acquired an additional 67.6% of the common shares of Gironde Imprimerie Publicité (GIP) for $2,084 plus net debt assumed of $862. The purchase price included $208 that is deferred for one year after the closing date. The Company acquired 30% of GIP as part of the Barat acquisition in fiscal 2016, which included a fair value equity interest in GIP of $771. Immediately prior to obtaining a controlling interest in GIP, the Company recognized a gain of $690 as a result of re-measuring the fair value of the equity interest based on the most recent share activity. GIP is located in the Bordeaux region of France and specializes in producing labels for the wine & spirits market. On July 1, 2016, the Company acquired 100% of Italstereo Resin Labels S.r.l. (Italstereo) for $3,342 less net cash acquired of $181. The purchase price included $201 and $133 that are deferred for one and two years, respectively, after the closing date. Italstereo is located near Lucca, Italy and specializes

 

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in producing pressure sensitive adhesive resin coated labels, seals and emblems. On July 6, 2016, the Company acquired 100% of Industria Litografica Alessandrina S.r.l. (I.L.A.) for $6,301 plus net debt assumed of $3,547. The purchase price includes $819 that is deferred for three years after the closing date. I.L.A. is located in the Piedmont region of Italy and specializes in production of premium self-adhesive and wet glue labels primarily for the wine & spirits market and also services the food industry. The combined net revenues and net income included in the consolidated statement of income for the year ended March 31, 2017 for Graphix, GIP, Italstereo, and I.L.A. is $11,177 and $425, respectively. The results of operations of these acquired businesses have been included in the consolidated financial statements since the respective dates of acquisition and have been determined to be immaterial for purposes of additional disclosure.

The determination of the final purchase price allocation to specific assets acquired and liabilities assumed is incomplete for Graphix, GIP, Italstereo and I.L.A. The purchase price allocations may change in future periods as the fair value estimates of assets and liabilities (including, but not limited to, accounts receivable, inventory, property, plant and equipment, intangibles and debt) and the valuation of the related tax assets and liabilities are completed.

On January 4, 2016, the Company acquired 100% of Cashin Print for $17,487 less net cash acquired of $135 and 100% of System Label for $11,665 less net cash acquired of $2,025. Cashin Print and System Label are located in Castlebar, Ireland and Roscommon, Ireland, respectively. The purchase prices for Cashin Print and System Label included $1,411 and $1,571, respectively, for purchase price adjustments, which were paid to the seller during the three months ended June 30, 2016. In addition, the purchase prices for Cashin Print and System Label include deferred payments of $3,317 and $1,011, respectively. These deferred payments may be paid during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. During the third quarter of fiscal 2017, the long-term liabilities related to these deferred payments were reduced based on management’s current estimate of the future payout and $887 was recorded in other income in the consolidated statements of income. The acquired businesses supply multinational customers in Ireland, the United Kingdom and Continental Europe and provide Multi-Color with the opportunity to supply a broader product range to a larger customer base, especially in the healthcare market. On October 1, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of Supa Stik Labels (Supa Stik) for $6,787 less net cash acquired of $977. Supa Stik is located in Perth, West Australia and services the local wine, food & beverage and healthcare label markets. The purchase price included $622 that is deferred for two years after the closing date. On May 1, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of Mr. Labels in Brisbane, Queensland Australia for $2,110. The purchase price included $196 that was deferred until the first anniversary of the closing date, which was paid during fiscal 2017. Mr. Labels provides labels primarily to food and beverage customers. The combined net revenues and net income included in the consolidated statement of income for the year ended March 31, 2016 for Cashin Print, System Label, Supa Stik and Mr. Labels were $8,679 and $922, respectively. The results of operations of these acquired businesses have been included in the consolidated financial statements since the respective dates of acquisition and have been determined to be immaterial for purposes of additional disclosure.

On February 2, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of New Era Packaging (New Era) for $16,366 less net cash acquired of $1,741. New Era is based near Dublin, Ireland and specializes in labels for the healthcare, pharmaceutical and food industries. On January 5, 2015, the Company acquired 100% of Multi Labels Ltd. (Multi Labels) for $15,670 plus net debt assumed of $3,733. Multi Labels is based in Daventry, near London, England, and specializes in premium alcoholic beverage labels for spirits and imported wine. On July 1, 2014, the Company acquired 100% of Multiprint Labels Limited (Multiprint) based in Dublin, Ireland for $1,662 plus net debt assumed of $2,371. The purchase price included $273 that was deferred for one year after the closing date, which was paid during fiscal 2016. Multiprint specializes in pressure sensitive labels for the wine & spirits and beverage markets in Ireland and the UK. The combined net revenues and net loss included in the consolidated statement of income for the year ended March 31, 2015 for New Era, Multi Labels and Multiprint were $12,628 and $(295), respectively. The results of operations of these acquired businesses have been included in the consolidated financial statements since the respective dates of acquisition and have been determined to be individually and collectively immaterial for further disclosure.

Effective February 1, 2014, the Company acquired the assets of the DI-NA-CAL label business, based near Cincinnati, Ohio, from Graphic Packaging International, Inc., for $80,667. DI-NA-CAL provides decorative label solutions primarily in the heat transfer label markets for home & personal care and food & beverage through long-standing relationships with blue chip national and multi-national customers. Upon closing, $8,067 of the purchase price was deposited into an escrow account and was to be released to the seller on the 18 month anniversary of the closing date in accordance with the provisions of the escrow agreement. The escrow amount is to fund certain potential obligations of the seller with respect to the transaction. During the second quarter of fiscal 2016, all but $598 of the escrow amount was released to the seller. As of March 31, 2017, $351 remained in the escrow account. The Company spent $452 in acquisition expenses related to the DI-NA-CAL acquisition. These expenses were recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income, $147 in fiscal 2015 and $305 in fiscal 2014.

In conjunction with the acquisition of DI-NA-CAL, the Company recorded an indemnification asset of $427, which represented the seller’s obligation to indemnify Multi-Color relating to pre-acquisition customer quality claims. As discussed above, an escrow fund exists for indemnification obligations, subject to certain minimum thresholds and deductibles. The seller paid the Company for the indemnification asset during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015.

On October 1, 2013, the Company acquired 100% of John Watson & Company Limited (Watson) based in Glasgow, Scotland, for $21,634 less net cash acquired of $143. Watson is a leading glue-applied spirit label producer in the U.K. The purchase price included a performance based earnout of $8,498, estimated as of the acquisition date. The amount of the earnout was based on a comparison between EBITDA for the acquired business for fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2014 less certain adjustments and any claims to fund certain potential indemnification obligations of the seller with respect to the transaction. An additional $1,063 related to the earnout due to the sellers was accrued in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014 based on better than estimated fiscal 2014 performance by the acquired company compared to estimates made at the time of the acquisition, which was recorded in other expense in the consolidated statements of income. In June 2014, the amount of the earnout was finalized and an additional $343 was accrued, which was recorded in other expense in the consolidated statements of income. The earnout was paid in July 2014.

 

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On August 1, 2013, the Company acquired 100% of Flexo Print S.A. De C.V. (Flexo Print) based in Guadalajara, Mexico for $31,847 plus net debt assumed of $2,324. Flexo Print is a leading producer of home & personal care, food & beverage, wine & spirits and pharmaceutical labels in Latin America. Upon closing, $3,058 of the purchase price was deposited into an escrow account, and an additional $1,956 of the purchase price was retained by MCC and was deferred until the third anniversary of the closing date and deposited into the escrow account during the second quarter of fiscal 2017. These combined escrow amounts are to be released to the seller on the fifth anniversary of the closing date in accordance with the purchase agreement. An additional $757 of the purchase price was retained by MCC at closing and was paid to the seller on the third anniversary of the closing date in accordance with the purchase agreement. The combined escrow and retention amounts are to fund certain potential indemnification obligations of the seller with respect to the transaction. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014, second quarter of fiscal 2015, third quarter of fiscal 2015 and first quarter of fiscal 2016, the Company adjusted the deferred payment by $(1,157), $69, $69 and $217, respectively, in settlement of an indemnification claim.

In conjunction with the acquisition of Flexo Print, the Company recorded an indemnification asset of $3,279, which represents the seller’s obligation under the purchase agreement to indemnify Multi-Color for the outcome of potential contingent liabilities relating to uncertain tax positions. As discussed above, a portion of the purchase price was held back by Multi-Color and additional funds are being held in an escrow account in order to support the sellers’ indemnification obligations.

 

(4) ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE ALLOWANCE

The Company’s customers are primarily producers of home & personal care, wine & spirits, food & beverage, healthcare and specialty consumer products. Accounts receivable consist of amounts due from customers in connection with our normal business activities and are carried at sales value less allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is established to reflect the expected losses of accounts receivable based on past collection history, age, account payment status compared to invoice payment terms and specific individual risks identified. The following table summarizes the activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts:

 

     2017      2016      2015  

Balance at beginning of year

   $ 2,497      $ 2,101      $ 2,028  

Provision

     234        1,249        330  

Accounts written-off

     (384      (864      (75

Foreign exchange

     (74      11        (182
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

   $ 2,273      $ 2,497      $ 2,101  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(5) INVENTORIES

The Company’s inventories as of March 31 consisted of the following:

 

     2017      2016  

Finished goods

   $ 35,204      $ 35,126  

Work-in-process

     8,933        7,066  

Raw materials

     26,862        25,508  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total inventories, gross

     70,999        67,700  

Inventory reserves

     (7,004      (6,509
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total inventories, net

   $ 63,995      $ 61,191  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(6) PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

The Company’s property, plant and equipment as of March 31 consisted of the following:

 

     2017      2016  

Land

   $ 4,300      $ 2,937  

Buildings, building improvements and leasehold improvements

     53,711        44,055  

Machinery and equipment

     330,089        309,150  

Furniture, fixtures, computer equipment and software

     27,648        25,178  

Construction in progress

     22,428        7,483  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, gross

     438,176        388,803  

Accumulated depreciation

     (190,915      (167,508
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

   $ 247,261      $ 221,295  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total depreciation expense for 2017, 2016 and 2015 was $33,480, $31,295 and $29,828, respectively.

 

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As a result of our decision to close certain manufacturing facilities during fiscal 2016 and 2015, the Company determined that it was more likely than not that certain fixed assets at these facilities would be sold or otherwise disposed of significantly before the end of their estimated useful lives.

As a result of the decision to close our manufacturing facility located in Sonoma, California, during fiscal 2016 non-cash fixed asset impairment charges of $220 were recorded, primarily to write off certain machinery and equipment that was not transferred to other locations and was abandoned.

As a result of the decision to consolidate our manufacturing facilities located in Glasgow, Scotland, during fiscal 2016 non-cash fixed asset impairment charges of $115 were recorded, primarily to write off certain machinery and equipment that was not transferred to other locations and was abandoned.

As a result of the decision to close our manufacturing facility located in Greensboro, North Carolina, during fiscal 2016 non-cash fixed asset impairment charges of $786 were recorded, primarily to write off certain machinery and equipment that was not transferred to other locations and was abandoned.

As a result of the decision to close our manufacturing facility located in Dublin, Ireland, during fiscal 2016 non-cash fixed asset impairment charges of $219 were recorded, primarily to write off certain machinery and equipment and leasehold improvements that were not transferred to other locations and were abandoned.

As a result of the decision to close our manufacturing facilities located in Norway, Michigan and Watertown, Wisconsin, during fiscal 2015, non-cash fixed asset impairment charges of $5,208 were recorded, primarily to write off certain machinery and equipment that was not transferred to other locations and was abandoned. Also included in these charges is an impairment related to the land and building in Norway, Michigan. These carrying amounts were adjusted to their estimated fair value, less costs to sell, which were determined based on a market valuation from an independent third party. The land and building in Watertown, Wisconsin were not impaired. During fiscal 2016, additional impairment charges of $534 were recorded to adjust the carrying value of the land and building held for sale at the Norway facility to their estimated fair value, less costs to sell, which were determined based upon a quoted market price. The land and buildings at the Norway and Watertown facilities were sold during fiscal 2016, and a gain of $476 was recorded in facility closure expenses in the consolidated statements of income related to the sale of the Watertown facility.

These asset impairment charges were recorded in facility closure expenses in the consolidated statements of income. See Note 20 for further information on these facility closures.

During fiscal 2015, the Company also determined that it was more likely than not that certain fixed assets at the manufacturing facilities located in Chile and Argentina will be sold or otherwise disposed of significantly before the end of their estimated useful lives. Non-cash impairment charges of $621 related to these assets was recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income, primarily to write-down certain machinery and equipment to their estimated fair values. In addition, the carrying amounts of certain machinery and equipment that was abandoned were written off. During fiscal 2016, non-cash impairment charges of $73 were recorded to write-off additional assets that were abandoned.

In addition, the Company performed impairment testing on long-lived assets at certain manufacturing locations during fiscal 2017, 2016, and 2015 due to the existence of other impairment indicators. The undiscounted cash flows associated with the long-lived assets were greater than their carrying values, and therefore, no additional impairment was present in any of these three years.

 

(7) GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The changes in the Company’s goodwill consisted of the following:

 

     2017      2016  

Balance at beginning of year

     

Goodwill, gross

   $ 434,212      $ 381,308  

Accumulated impairment losses

     (12,203      (13,087
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Goodwill, net

     422,009        368,221  

Activity during the year

     

Acquisitions

     12,551        53,833  

Adjustments to prior year acquisitions

     (12,049      206  

Currency translation

     (9,961      (251
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at end of year

     

Goodwill, gross

     424,941        434,212  

Accumulated impairment losses

     (12,391      (12,203
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Goodwill, net

   $ 412,550      $ 422,009  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See Note 3 for further information regarding acquisitions.

 

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Historically, the Company’s policy was to perform the annual goodwill impairment test as of the last day of February of each fiscal year. Beginning in fiscal 2016, the Company changed its annual goodwill impairment test date to the last day of January of each fiscal year. See Note 2 for further information.

In conjunction with our annual impairment test as of January 31, 2017, the Company performed a quantitative assessment for all of our reporting units. The first step of the impairment test compares the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value. We estimated the fair value of each reporting unit using a combination of: (i) a market approach based on multiples of revenue and EBITDA from recent comparable transactions and other market data; and (ii) an income approach based on expected future cash flows discounted at rates ranging between 8.5% to 11.0% in 2017. The discount rate reflects the risk associated with each respective reporting unit, including the industry and geographies in which they operate. The market and income approaches were both considered, with the income approach selected based on judgment of the comparability of the recent transactions due to the fluid nature of the business and recent acquisitions. The market approach was used to corroborate values determined by the income approach. We considered recent economic and industry trends, as well as risk in executing our current plans from the perspective of a hypothetical buyer in estimating expected future cash flows in the income approach.

For all of our reporting units, the first step of the impairment test did not indicate potential impairment as the estimated fair value of the reporting units exceeded the carrying amount. As a result, the second step of the impairment test was not required.

Significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value of our reporting units include estimates of future cash flows, discount rates and multiples of revenue and EBITDA. These assumptions are typically not considered individually because assumptions used to select one variable should also be considered when selecting other variables; however, sensitivity of the overall fair value assessment to each significant variable is also considered.

In conjunction with our annual impairment test as of January 31, 2016, the Company performed a qualitative assessment for all but two of our reporting units and determined that it was not more likely than not that the fair values of the reporting units were less than the carrying values. Due to changes in sales forecasts during fiscal 2016, the Company performed the first step of the two-step goodwill impairment test for the Latin America Consumer Product Goods (LA CPG) reporting unit. As it passed the first step of the fiscal 2015 impairment test by less than 5%, the Company performed the first step of the two-step goodwill impairment test for the Asia Pacific Wine & Spirits (AP W&S) reporting unit. For both LA CPG and AP W&S, the first step of the impairment test did not indicate potential impairment as the estimated fair value of the reporting unit exceeded the carrying amount. As a result, the second step of the impairment test was not required.

As a result of our fiscal 2014 impairment test, the Company recorded an estimated non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $13,475 related to our Latin America Wine & Spirits (LA W&S) reporting unit in fiscal 2014. During fiscal 2015, the Company finalized the fiscal 2014 impairment test and recorded an additional non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $951 for LA W&S.

Based on operating results for the Europe Wine & Spirits (EUR W&S) reporting unit, a quantitative goodwill impairment assessment was performed during the second quarter of 2017 for this reporting unit. No impairment was indicated. Based on operating results for the LA CPG and LA W&S reporting units during fiscal 2015, a quantitative goodwill impairment assessment was performed as of September 30, 2014 for those two reporting units. No impairment was indicated. No events or changes in circumstances occurred in 2016 that required goodwill impairment testing in between annual tests.

The Company’s intangible assets as of March 31 consisted of the following:

 

     2017      2016  
     Gross Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net Carrying
Amount
     Gross Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net Carrying
Amount
 

Customer relationships

   $ 228,518      $ (61,546   $ 166,972      $ 215,317      $ (49,258   $ 166,059  

Technologies

     1,658        (1,368     290        1,308        (1,308     —    

Trademarks

     1,013        (1,013     —          1,101        (1,082     19  

Licensing intangible

     1,958        (1,958     —          2,091        (2,091     —    

Non-compete agreements

     5,063        (3,116     1,947        5,160        (2,149     3,011  

Lease intangible

     128        (117     11        137        (80     57  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 238,338      $ (69,118   $ 169,220      $ 225,114      $ (55,968   $ 169,146  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The intangible assets were established in connection with completed acquisitions. They are amortized, using the straight-line method, over their estimated useful lives based on a number of assumptions including customer attrition rates, percentage of revenue attributable to technologies, royalty rates and projected future revenue growth. The weighted-average amortization period for the intangible assets acquired in fiscal 2017 is 13 years. The weighted-average amortization period for the intangible assets acquired in fiscal 2016 is 16 years. Total amortization expense of intangible assets for 2017, 2016 and 2015 was $14,425, $13,178 and $11,541, respectively.

 

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The estimated useful lives for each intangible asset class are as follows:

 

Customer relationships

     7 to 21 years  

Technologies

     7 to 8 years  

Trademarks

     1 to 2 years  

Licensing intangible

     5 years  

Non-compete agreements

     2 to 7 years  

Lease intangible

     3 years  

The annual estimated amortization expense for future years is as follows:

 

Fiscal 2018

   $ 14,258  

Fiscal 2019

     14,067  

Fiscal 2020

     14,067  

Fiscal 2021

     13,699  

Fiscal 2022

     12,324  

Thereafter

     100,805  
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 169,220  
  

 

 

 

The Company performed impairment testing on long-lived assets, including intangibles, at certain manufacturing locations during fiscal 2017 and 2016 due to the existence of impairment indicators. The estimated undiscounted future cash flows associated with the long-lived assets were greater than their carrying values, and therefore, no impairment was present in either of these two years related to intangible assets.

 

(8) DEBT

The components of the Company’s debt as of March 31 consisted of the following:

 

    2017     2016  
    Principal     Unamortized
Debt Issuance
Costs
    Long-Term Debt
Less Unamortized
Debt Issuance
Costs
    Principal     Unamortized
Debt Issuance
Costs
    Long-Term Debt
Less Unamortized
Debt Issuance
Costs
 

6.125% Senior Notes (1)

  $  250,000     $ (3,822   $ 246,178     $ 250,000     $ (4,497   $ 245,503  

U.S. Revolving Credit Facility (2)

    198,100       (2,335     195,765       230,000       (3,258     226,742  

Australian Revolving Sub-Facility (2)

    31,965       (178     31,787       27,948       (245     27,703  

Capital leases

    7,412       —         7,412       5,745       —         5,745  

Other subsidiary debt

    359       —         359       586       —         586  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total debt

    487,836       (6,335     481,501       514,279       (8,000     506,279  

Less current portion of debt

    (2,093     —         (2,093     (1,573     —         (1,573
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total long-term debt

  $ 485,743     $ (6,335   $ 479,408     $ 512,706     $ (8,000   $ 504,706  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) The 6.125% Senior Notes are due on December 1, 2022.

 

(2) Borrowings under the U.S. Revolving Credit Facility and Australian Revolving Sub-Facility mature on November 21, 2019.

The following is a schedule of future annual principal payments as of March 31, 2017:

 

     Debt      Capital Leases      Total  

Fiscal 2018

   $ 129      $ 1,964      $ 2,093  

Fiscal 2019

     114        1,837        1,951  

Fiscal 2020

     230,101        1,768        231,869  

Fiscal 2021

     37        1,375        1,412  

Fiscal 2022

     33        468        501  

Thereafter

     250,010        —          250,010  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 480,424      $ 7,412      $ 487,836  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

On November 21, 2014, the Company issued $250,000 aggregate principal amount of 6.125% Senior Notes due 2022 (the “Notes”). The Notes are unsecured senior obligations of the Company. Interest is payable on June 1st and December 1st of each year beginning June

 

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1, 2015 until the maturity date of December 1, 2022. The Company’s obligations under the Notes are guaranteed by certain of the Company’s existing direct and indirect wholly-owned domestic subsidiaries that are guarantors under the Credit Agreement (defined below). In connection with the issuance of the Notes, the Company incurred debt issuance costs of $5,413 during 2015, which are being deferred and amortized over the eight year term of the Notes.

Concurrent with the issuance and sale of the Notes, the Company amended and restated its credit agreement. The Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) provides for revolving loans of up to $500,000 for a five year term expiring on November 21, 2019. The aggregate commitment amount is comprised of the following: (i) a $460,000 revolving credit facility (the “U.S. Revolving Credit Facility”) and (ii) an Australian dollar equivalent of a $40,000 revolving credit facility (the “Australian Revolving Sub-Facility”).

Upon issuance of the Notes, the Company was required to repay in full the Term Loan Facility under the terms of its prior credit agreement. On November 21, 2014, the Company repaid the outstanding balance of $341,625 on the Term Loan Facility using the net proceeds from the Notes and borrowings on the U.S. Revolving Credit Facility. The repayment of the Term Loan Facility was treated primarily as an extinguishment of debt. As a result, $2,001 in unamortized deferred financing fees were recorded to interest expense during 2015 as a loss on the extinguishment of debt. The remaining unamortized fees of $2,275 and new debt issuance costs of $2,526, which were incurred during 2015 in conjunction with the Credit Agreement, were deferred and are being amortized over the five year term of the Credit Agreement.

The Credit Agreement may be used for working capital, capital expenditures and other corporate purposes and to fund permitted acquisitions (as defined in the Credit Agreement). Loans under the Credit Agreement bear interest at variable rates plus a margin, based on the Company’s consolidated senior secured leverage ratio at the time of the borrowing. The weighted average interest rate on borrowings under the U.S. Revolving Credit Facility was 2.72% and 2.33% at March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and on borrowings under the Australian Revolving Sub-Facility was 3.43% and 3.89% at March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties as well as customary negative and affirmative covenants which require the Company to maintain the following financial covenants at the end of each quarter: (i) a maximum consolidated senior secured leverage ratio of no more than 3.50 to 1.00; (ii) a maximum consolidated leverage ratio of no more than 4.50 to 1.00; and (iii) a minimum consolidated interest coverage ratio of not less than 4.00 to 1.00. The Credit Agreement contains customary mandatory and optional prepayment provisions and customary events of default. The U.S. Revolving Credit Facility and the Australian Revolving Sub-Facility are secured by the capital stock of subsidiaries, substantially all of the assets of each of our domestic subsidiaries, but excluding existing and non-material real property, and intercompany debt. The Australian Revolving Sub-Facility is also secured by substantially all of the assets of the Australian borrower and its direct and indirect subsidiaries.

The Credit Agreement and the indenture governing the Notes (the “Indenture”) limit the Company’s ability to incur additional indebtedness. Additional covenants contained in the Credit Agreement and the Indenture, among other things, restrict the ability of the Company to dispose of assets, incur guarantee obligations, make restricted payments, create liens, make equity or debt investments, engage in mergers, change the business conducted by the Company and its subsidiaries, and engage in certain transactions with affiliates. Under the Credit Agreement and the Indenture, certain changes in control of the Company could result in the occurrence of an Event of Default. In addition, the Credit Agreement limits the ability of the Company to modify terms of the Indenture. As of March 31, 2017, the Company was in compliance with the covenants in the Credit Agreement and the Indenture.

The Company recorded $1,665, $1,692 and $2,200 in interest expense in 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively, in the consolidated statements of income to amortize deferred financing costs.

Available borrowings under the Credit Agreement at March 31, 2017 consisted of $256,387 under the U.S. Revolving Credit Facility and $8,035 under the Australian Revolving Sub-Facility. The Company also has various other uncommitted lines of credit available at March 31, 2017 in the amount of $9,676.

The carrying value of debt approximates fair value. The fair value of long-term debt is based on observable inputs, including quoted market prices (Level 2). The fair value of the Notes was $260,625 as of March 31, 2017.

Capital Leases

The present value of the net minimum payments on the capitalized leases as of March 31 is as follows:

 

     2017      2016  

Total minimum lease payments

   $ 8,327      $ 6,289  

Less amount representing interest

     (915      (544
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Present value of net minimum lease payments

     7,412        5,745  

Current portion

     (1,964      (1,227
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Capitalized lease obligations, less current portion

   $ 5,448      $ 4,518  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Included in the consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2017 under property, plant and equipment are cost and accumulated depreciation related to capitalized leases of $10,702 and $1,959, respectively. Included in the consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2016 under property, plant and equipment are cost and accumulated depreciation related to capitalized leases of $7,686 and $393, respectively. The capitalized leases carry interest rates from 2.32% to 10.11% and mature from fiscal 2018 to fiscal 2022.

 

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(9) FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Interest Rate Swaps

The Company used interest rate swap agreements (Swaps) to minimize its exposure to interest rate fluctuations on variable rate debt borrowings. Swaps involve the exchange of fixed and variable rate interest payments and do not represent an actual exchange of the underlying notional amounts between the two parties.

The Company had three forward starting non-amortizing Swaps with a total notional amount of $125,000 to convert variable rate debt to fixed rate debt. The Swaps became effective October 2012 and expired in August 2016. The Swaps resulted in interest payments based on an average fixed rate of 1.396% plus the applicable margin per the requirements in the Credit Agreement.

Upon inception, the Swaps were designated as a cash flow hedge, with the effective portion of gains and losses, net of tax, measured on an ongoing basis, recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). If the hedge or a portion thereof were determined to be ineffective, any gains and losses would be recorded in interest expense in the consolidated statements of income.

In conjunction with entering into the Credit Agreement on November 21, 2014 (see Note 8), the Company de-designated the Swaps as a cash flow hedge. The cumulative loss on the Swaps recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) at the time of de-designation was reclassified into interest expense in the same periods during which the originally hedged transactions affected earnings, as these transactions were still probable of occurring. Subsequent to November 21, 2014, changes in the fair value of the de-designated Swaps were immediately recognized in interest expense.

The gains (losses) on the interest rate swaps recognized were as follows:

 

     2017      2016  

Interest rate swaps not designated as hedging instruments:

     

Loss reclassified from AOCI into earnings

   $ (329    $ (788

Gain recognized in earnings

     225        1,064  

Foreign Currency Forward Contracts

Foreign currency exchange risk arises from our international operations in Australia, Europe, South America, Mexico, Canada, China, Southeast Asia and South Africa as well as from transactions with customers or suppliers denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. The functional currency of each of the Company’s subsidiaries is generally the currency of the country in which the subsidiary operates. At times, the Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to minimize the impact of fluctuations in currency exchange rates.

The Company periodically enters into foreign currency forward contracts to fix the purchase price of foreign currency denominated firm commitments. In addition, the Company periodically enters into short-term foreign currency forward contracts to fix the U.S. dollar value of certain intercompany loan payments, which settle in the following quarter. During the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company’s forward contracts were not designated as hedging instruments; therefore, changes in the fair value of the contracts were immediately recognized in other income and expense in the consolidated statements of income.

One contract to fix the purchase price of a Euro denominated firm commitment for the purchase of a press and other equipment that settled during 2016 was designated as a hedging instrument; therefore, changes in the fair value of the contract were recorded in other income and expense in the same period during which the related hedged item affected the consolidated statements of income.

The amount of gain (loss) on the foreign currency forward contracts recognized in the consolidated statements of income was as follows:

 

     2017      2016  

Foreign currency forward contracts designated as hedging instruments:

     

Gain (loss) on foreign currency forward contracts

   $ —        $ 470  

Gain (loss) on related hedged items

     —          (470

Foreign currency forward contracts not designated as hedging instruments:

     

Gain (loss) on foreign currency forward contracts

   $ 220      $ 31  

Gain (loss) on related hedged items

     (188      (32

 

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(10) ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER LIABILITIES

The Company’s accrued expenses and other liabilities as of March 31 consisted of the following:

 

     2017      2016  

Accrued payroll and benefits

   $ 24,286      $ 20,176  

Accrued income taxes

     5,604        3,016  

Professional fees

     500        2,730  

Accrued taxes other than income taxes

     1,616        1,372  

Deferred lease incentive

     209        266  

Accrued interest

     5,178        5,310  

Accrued severance

     47        90  

Customer rebates

     2,672        2,541  

Deferred press payments

     —          898  

Exit and disposal costs related to facility closures

     123        370  

Deferred payments

     1,068        5,072  

Deferred revenue

     7,076        6,771  

Other

     5,379        4,282  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total accrued expenses and other liabilities

   $ 53,758      $ 52,894  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(11) EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

The Company maintains a 401K retirement savings plan (Plan) for U.S. employees who meet certain service requirements. The Plan provides for voluntary contributions by eligible U.S. employees up to a specified maximum percentage of gross pay. At the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors, the Company may contribute a specified matching percentage of the employee contributions. The Company also makes contributions to various retirement savings plans for Australian employees as required by law equal to 9% of gross pay and to other voluntary and involuntary defined contribution plans in China, Canada, England, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Scotland, South Africa and Switzerland. Company contributions to these retirement savings plans were $5,189, $4,982 and $4,437 in 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

The Company sponsors several pension plans, including our principal pension plan for certain former U.S. employees as well as other subsidiary pension plans around the globe. Our principal pension plan which is discussed below, is a single employer defined benefit pension plan (Pension Plan) which covers eligible union employees at its former Norway, Michigan plant who were hired prior to July 14, 1998. The Pension Plan provides benefits based on a flat payment formula and years of credited service at a normal retirement age of 65. The benefits are actuarially reduced for early retirement. The Company recorded $145, $89 and $158 of net periodic benefit cost in 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

The Company used a March 31 measurement date (the fiscal year end) for the Pension Plan in 2017 and 2016. The plans’ benefit obligations, plan assets and funded status as of March 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows: the Company’s benefit obligation was $1,136 and $1,653 as of March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The fair value of plan assets was $580 and $959 as of March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company’s unfunded obligation was $556 and $694, respectively.

Non-U.S. Plans

Certain subsidiaries outside the United States sponsor defined benefit postretirement plans that cover eligible regular employees. The Company deposits funds and/or purchases investments to fund these plans in addition to providing reserves for these plans. Benefits under the defined benefit plans are typically based on years of service and the employee’s compensation. The range of assumptions that are used for the non-U.S. defined benefit plans reflect the different economic environments within the various countries. These defined benefit plans are recorded based upon local accounting standards and are immaterial to the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

 

(12) INCOME TAXES

Earnings before income taxes were as follows:

     2017      2016      2015  

U.S.

   $ 65,113      $ 55,764      $ 57,958  

Foreign

     23,100        11,046        12,914  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 88,213      $ 66,810      $ 70,872  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The provision (benefit) for income taxes as of March 31 includes the following components:

 

     2017      2016      2015  

Current:

        

Federal

   $ 16,889      $ 11,492      $ 10,923  

State and local

     2,498        1,103        1,421  

Foreign

     9,298        4,268        6,289  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Current

     28,685        16,863        18,633  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred:

        

Federal

     987        5,360        6,880  

State and local

     (147      437        1,025  

Foreign

     (2,677      (3,679      (1,382
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Deferred

     (1,837      2,118        6,523  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 26,848      $ 18,981      $ 25,156  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following is a reconciliation between the U.S. statutory federal income tax rate and the effective tax rate:

 

     2017     2016     2015  

U.S. federal statutory rate

     35.0     35.0     35.0

State and local income taxes, net of federal income tax benefit

     1.7     2.1     2.9

Section 199 deduction

     (1.8 )%      (1.5 )%      (1.2 )% 

International rate differential

     (3.3 )%      (2.6 )%      (1.2 )% 

Unrecognized tax benefits

     (0.9 )%      (1.6 )%      0.4

Foreign permanent differences

     (2.1 )%      (2.0 )%      (2.1 )% 

Non-deductible transaction costs

     0.2     1.5     0.3

Valuation allowances

     1.2     (2.2 )%      0.8

Goodwill impairment

     —         —         0.3

Other

     0.4     (0.3 )%      0.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effective tax rate

     30.4     28.4     35.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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The net deferred tax components as of March 31 consisted of the following:

 

     2017      2016  

Deferred tax liabilities:

     

Book basis over tax basis of fixed assets

   $ (28,911    $ (26,075

Book basis over tax basis of intangible assets

     (45,044      (45,671

Lease obligations

     —          (948

Deferred financing costs

     (434      (628

Other

     (185      (228
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total deferred tax liabilities

     (74,574      (73,550
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Deferred tax assets:

     

Inventory reserves

     1,632        1,822  

Inventory capitalization

     595        282  

Allowance for doubtful accounts

     332        391  

Stock based compensation expense

     1,535        1,339  

Minimum pension liability

     642        637  

Loss carry forward amounts

     5,215        5,947  

Credit carry forward amounts

     378        331  

Interest rate swaps

     —          126  

State basis over tax basis of fixed assets

     565        552  

Non-deductible accruals and other

     5,037        4,033  

Deferred compensation

     206        104  

Lease obligations

     384        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross deferred tax asset

     16,521        15,564  

Valuation allowance

     (4,860      (4,494
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net deferred tax asset

     11,661        11,070  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net deferred tax liability

   $ (62,913    $ (62,480
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2017, Multi-Color had tax-effected state and foreign operating loss carryforwards of $727 and $4,488, respectively. As of March 31, 2016, Multi-Color had tax-effected state and foreign operating loss carryforwards of $875 and $5,072, respectively. There were no federal operating loss carryforwards as of March 31, 2017 and 2016. The state operating loss carryforwards will expire between fiscal 2026 and fiscal 2031. The foreign operating loss carryforwards include $1,577 with no expiration date; the remainder will expire between fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2033. The state operating loss carryforwards include losses of $727 that were acquired in connection with business combinations. Utilization of the acquired state tax loss carryforwards may be limited pursuant to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, Multi-Color had valuation allowances of $4,860 and $4,494, respectively. As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, $4,752 and $4,366, respectively, of the valuation allowances related to certain deferred tax assets in foreign jurisdictions due to the uncertainty of the realization of future tax benefits from those assets.

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities and projected future taxable income in making this assessment. At each reporting date, the Company considers both negative and positive evidence that impacts the assessment of the realization of deferred tax assets.

The benefits of tax positions are not recorded unless it is more likely than not the tax position would be sustained upon challenge by the appropriate tax authorities. Tax benefits that are more likely than not to be sustained are measured at the largest amount of benefit that is cumulatively greater than a 50% likelihood of being realized.

As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company had liabilities of $5,665 and $6,253, respectively, recorded for unrecognized tax benefits for U.S. federal, state and foreign tax jurisdictions. During the years ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company recognized $175 and $(118), respectively, of interest and penalties in income tax expense in the consolidated statements of income. The liability for the gross amount of interest and penalties at March 31, 2017 and 2016 was $1,892 and $1,806, respectively. The liability for unrecognized tax benefits is classified in other noncurrent liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets for the portion of the liability where payment of cash is not anticipated within one year of the balance sheet date. During the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company released $1,381 of reserves, including interest and penalties, related to uncertain tax positions for which the statutes of limitations have lapsed or there was a reduction in the tax position related to a prior year. The Company believes that it is reasonably possible that $1,759 of unrecognized tax

 

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benefits as of March 31, 2017 could be released within the next 12 months due to lapse of statute of limitations and settlements of certain foreign and domestic income tax matters. The unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would favorably impact the effective tax rate are $5,075.

A summary of the activity for the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31 is as follows:

 

     2017      2016  

Beginning balance

   $ 6,253      $ 4,045  

Additions based on tax positions related to the current year

     196        318  

Additions of tax positions of prior years

     684        3,515  

Reductions of tax positions of prior years

     (7      (166

Lapse of applicable statutes of limitations

     (1,091      (1,280

Currency translation

     (370      (179
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 5,665      $ 6,253  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various foreign jurisdictions and various state and local jurisdictions where the statutes of limitations generally range from three to five years. At March 31, 2017, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal examinations by tax authorities for years before fiscal 2014. The Company is no longer subject to state and local examinations by tax authorities for years before fiscal 2012. In foreign jurisdictions, the Company is no longer subject to examinations by tax authorities for years before fiscal 1999.

The Company did not provide for U.S. federal income taxes or foreign withholding taxes in fiscal 2017 on approximately $54,882 of undistributed earnings of its foreign subsidiaries as such earnings are intended to be reinvested indefinitely. Quantification of the deferred tax liability, if any, associated with these undistributed earnings is not practicable. The Company may periodically repatriate a portion of these earnings to the extent we can do so essentially tax-free or at minimal tax cost.

 

(13) MAJOR CUSTOMERS

During 2017, 2016 and 2015, sales to major customers (those exceeding 10% of the Company’s net revenues in one or more of the periods presented) approximated 17%, 17% and 18%, respectively, of the Company’s consolidated net revenues. All of these sales were made to The Procter & Gamble Company.

In addition, accounts receivable balances from The Procter & Gamble Company approximated 4% and 2% of the Company’s total accounts receivable balance at March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The loss or substantial reduction of the business of this major customer could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations and cash flows.

 

(14) EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE

The following is a reconciliation of the number of shares used in the basic EPS and diluted EPS computations:

 

     2017     2016     2015  
            Per Share            Per Share            Per Share  
     Shares      Amount     Shares      Amount     Shares      Amount  

Basic EPS

     16,879      $ 3.61       16,750      $ 2.85       16,623      $ 2.75  

Effect of dilutive securities

     145        (0.03     202        (0.03     254        (0.04
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted EPS

     17,024      $ 3.58       16,952      $ 2.82       16,877      $ 2.71  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company excluded 172, 120 and 102 shares in the fiscal years ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively, from the computation of diluted EPS because these shares would have an anti-dilutive effect.

 

(15) STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

The Company maintains incentive plans which authorize the issuance of stock-based compensation including stock options, restricted stock and restricted share units to officers, key employees and non-employee directors. New shares are issued upon exercise of stock options or vesting of restricted stock or restricted share units. As of March 31, 2017, 1,075 shares of common stock remained reserved for future issuance under the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan, 2003 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended, and 2006 Director Equity Compensation Plan.

The Company measures compensation costs related to share-based transactions at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and recognizes them as expense over the requisite service period.

 

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For the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded pre-tax compensation expense for stock-based incentive awards of $3,042 which increased selling, general and administrative expenses by $2,064 and cost of revenues by $978 and had an associated tax benefit of $943.

For the year ended March 31, 2016, the Company recorded pre-tax compensation expense for stock-based incentive awards of $2,982 which increased selling, general and administrative expenses by $2,211 and cost of revenues by $771 and had an associated tax benefit of $835.

For the year ended March 31, 2015, the Company recorded pre-tax compensation expense for stock-based incentive awards of $1,970 which increased selling, general and administrative expenses by $1,246 and cost of revenues by $724 and had an associated tax benefit of $690.

Stock Options

Stock options granted under the plans enable the holder to purchase common stock at an exercise price not less than the market value on the date of grant and will expire not more than ten years after the date of grant. The applicable options vest ratably over a five year period. The Company calculates the value of each employee stock option, estimated on the grant date, using the Black-Scholes model and the following weighted average assumptions:

 

     2017     2016     2015  

Expected life (years)

     5.8       5.8       6.2  

Risk-free interest rate

     1.2     1.9     2.0

Expected volatility

     38.9     40.1     51.9

Dividend yield

     0.3     0.3     0.6

The Company estimated volatility based on the historical volatility of its common stock. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield for a term consistent with the expected life of the options in effect at the time of the grant. The dividend yield assumption is based on the Company’s history and expectation of dividend payouts. The expected life of the options represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding and is based on review of historical exercise behavior of option grants with similar vesting periods. The Company uses an estimated forfeiture rate based on historical data. The forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

A summary of the changes in the options outstanding for years ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 is shown below:

 

            Weighted      Weighted Average      Aggregate  
            Average Exercise      Remaining Life      Intrinsic  
     Options      Price      (Years)      Value  

Outstanding at March 31, 2014

     895      $ 19.65        

Granted

     121      $ 37.29        

Exercised

     (324    $ 17.01         $ 10,021  

Forfeited

     (36    $ 19.26        
  

 

 

          

Outstanding at March 31, 2015

     656      $ 24.24        

Granted

     157      $ 61.85        

Exercised

     (190    $ 21.41         $ 8,037  

Forfeited

     (23    $ 35.97        
  

 

 

          

Outstanding at March 31, 2016

     600      $ 34.50        

Granted

     32      $ 61.62        

Exercised

     (136    $ 24.52         $ 5,664  

Forfeited

     (25    $ 41.66        
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2017

     471      $ 38.84        6.4      $ 15,132  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Exercisable at March 31, 2017

     191      $ 26.72        4.9      $ 8,475  

Exercisable at March 31, 2016

     194      $ 20.03        4.7      $ 6,449  

As of March 31, 2017, the total compensation cost related to nonvested options not yet recognized and the weighted-average period over which it is expected to be recognized is $3,722 and 3.0 years, respectively.

The weighted average grant-date fair value of options granted during the year ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 was $22.72, $24.35 and $18.10, respectively. Cash received from options exercised during the year ended March 31, 2017 was $2,742, with a tax benefit of

 

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$1,146. The total grant-date fair value of options vested during the year ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 was $2,062, $1,528 and $1,265, respectively.

Restricted Stock

Restricted stock grants under the plans typically vest over a three to five year period. The cost of these awards is determined using the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the period the restrictions lapse. A summary of the changes in restricted shares for the year ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 is shown below:

 

     Restricted      Grant Date  
     Shares      Fair Value  

Non-vested restricted shares at March 31, 2014

     35      $ 27.05  

Granted

     11      $ 42.46  

Vested

     (19    $ 25.89  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-vested restricted shares at March 31, 2015

     27      $ 34.07  

Granted

     15      $ 68.15  

Vested

     (17    $ 31.34  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-vested restricted shares at March 31, 2016

     25      $ 55.99  

Granted

     8      $ 64.50  

Vested

     (15    $ 51.67  

Forfeited

     (1    $ 64.05  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-vested restricted shares at March 31, 2017

     17      $ 62.72  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2017, the total compensation cost related to non-vested restricted shares not yet recognized and the weighted-average period over which it is expected to be recognized was $739 and 1.8 years. The total grant-date fair value of restricted shares vested during the year ended March 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 was $720, $520 and $495, respectively. The Company realized a tax benefit of $112 from restricted shares vested during the year ended March 31, 2017.

Restricted Share Units

Restricted share units (RSUs) granted under the plans vest over a three year period, and the number of RSUs that will vest is based on the Company’s level of achievement of a certain performance target. Based on the extent to which the performance condition is met, it is possible for none of the RSUs to vest or for a range up to the maximum to vest. The cost of these awards is determined using the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and is recognized over the requisite service period based on the Company’s estimate of the probable outcome of the performance condition. We evaluate our estimate quarterly, and the expense is adjusted for any change in our estimate of the probable outcome. A summary of the changes in restricted share units for the years ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 are shown below:

 

            Weighted Average  
            Grant Date  
     RSUs      Fair Value  

Non-vested RSUs at March 31, 2015

     —        $ —    

Granted

     42      $ 64.05  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-vested RSUs at March 31, 2016

     42      $ 64.05  

Granted

     35      $ 61.19  

Forfeited

     (18    $ 62.59  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-vested RSUs at March 31, 2017

     59      $ 62.80  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2017, the total compensation cost related to non-vested RSUs not yet recognized was $1,104 based upon the Company’s estimate of the probable outcome of the performance condition. The weighted-average period over which it is expected to be recognized was 1.7 years.

 

(16) GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

During fiscal 2017, we acquired Italstereo, I.L.A., Graphix and GIP. During fiscal 2016, we acquired Cashin Print, System Label, Supa Stik, Super Label, Barat and Mr. Labels and began producing labels from our start-up operation in La Rioja, Spain. During fiscal 2015, we acquired New Era, Multi Labels and Multiprint. All of these acquisitions expanded the Company’s geographic presence. See Note 3 for further information regarding these acquisitions. The Company now manufactures labels in the United States, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, China, England, France, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Malaysia, Mexico, the Philippines, Poland, Scotland, South Africa, Spain,

 

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Switzerland and Thailand. Net revenues, based on the geographic area from which the product is shipped, for the years ended March 31 and long-lived assets by geographic area as of March 31 are as follows:

 

     2017      2016      2015  

Net revenues:

        

United States

   $ 511,551      $ 504,598      $ 512,383  

Australia

     72,450        59,237        63,245  

Other International

     339,294        306,990        235,144  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 923,295      $ 870,825      $ 810,772  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     2017      2016         

Long-lived assets:

        

United States

   $ 370,492      $ 372,208     

Australia

     105,670        89,300     

Other International

     359,234        356,715     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

   $ 835,396      $ 818,223     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

(17) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Operating Lease Agreements

The Company has various equipment, office and facility operating leases. Leases expire on various dates through June 2026 and some of the leases contain clauses requiring escalating rent payments. Rent expense during 2017, 2016 and 2015 was $12,767, $12,920 and $12,995, respectively.

The annual future minimum rental obligations as of March 31, 2017 are as follows:

 

Fiscal 2018

   $  12,257  

Fiscal 2019

     9,878  

Fiscal 2020

     8,595  

Fiscal 2021

     7,433  

Fiscal 2022

     6,416  

Thereafter

     12,795  
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 57,374  
  

 

 

 

Purchase Obligations

The Company has entered into purchase agreements for various raw materials, uniforms, supplies, utilities, other services and property, plant and equipment. Total estimated purchase obligations are $17,756 at March 31, 2017.

Litigation

The Company is subject to various legal claims and contingencies that arise out of the normal course of business, including claims related to commercial transactions, product liability, health and safety, taxes, environmental matters, employee matters and other matters. Litigation is subject to numerous uncertainties and the outcome of individual claims and contingencies is not predictable. It is possible that some legal matters for which reserves have or have not been established could result in an unfavorable outcome for the Company and any such unfavorable outcome could be of a material nature or have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

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(18) SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW DISCLOSURES

Supplemental disclosures with respect to cash flow information and non-cash investing and financing activities are as follows:

 

     2017      2016      2015  

Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:

        

Interest paid

   $ 23,672      $ 24,244      $ 16,033  

Income taxes paid, net of refunds

     21,143        18,680        16,206  

Supplemental Disclosures of Non-Cash Activities:

        

Additional minimum pension liability

   $ (282    $ 57      $ (275

Capital expenditures incurred but not yet paid

     3,323        2,446        3,664  

Capital lease obligations incurred

     864        3,740        —    

Change in interest rate swap fair value

     225        1,064        565  

Business combinations accounted for as a purchase:

        

Assets acquired (excluding cash)

   $ 45,328      $ 153,504      $ 48,354  

Liabilities assumed

     (16,669      (39,457      (16,854

Liabilities for contingent / deferred payments

     242        (7,326      (260

Noncontrolling interests

     (62      (3,476      —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash paid

   $ 28,839      $ 103,245      $ 31,240  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(19) ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

The changes in the Company’s accumulated other comprehensive loss by component consisted of the following:

 

     Foreign      Gains and losses                
     currency      on cash flow      Defined benefit         
     items      hedges      pension items      Total  

Balance at March 31, 2015

   $ (57,880    $ (681    $ (411    $ (58,972

OCI before reclassifications (1)

     (2,671      —          (29      (2,700

Amounts reclassified from AOCI

     —          485        64        549  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net current period OCI

     (2,671      485        35        (2,151
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2016

     (60,551      (196      (376      (61,123

OCI before reclassifications (2)

     (25,042      —          83        (24,959

Amounts reclassified from AOCI

     —          196        91        287  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net current period OCI

     (25,042      196        174        (24,672
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2017

   $ (85,593    $ —        $ (202    $ (85,795
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Net of tax of $18 for defined benefit pension items.

 

(2) Net of tax of $(51) for defined benefit pension items.

 

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Reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive loss consisted of the following:

 

     2017      2016  

Gains and losses on cash flow hedges:

     

Interest rate swaps (1)

   $ 329      $ 788  

Tax

     (133      (303
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net of tax

     196        485  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Defined benefit pension items:

     

Amortization of net actuarial (gains) losses (2)

     15        16  

Settlement and curtailments (2)

     133        88  

Tax

     (57      (40
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net of tax

     91        64  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total reclassifications, net of tax

   $ 287      $ 549  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Reclassified from AOCI into interest expense in the consolidated statements of income. See Note 9.

 

(2) Reclassified from AOCI into facility closure expenses in the consolidated statements of income. These components are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost. See Note 11.

 

(20) FACILITY CLOSURES

Sonoma, California

On January 19, 2016, the Company announced plans to consolidate our manufacturing facility located in Sonoma, California, into our existing facility in Napa, California. The transition was substantially completed in the third quarter of fiscal 2017.

Below is a summary of the exit and disposal costs related to the closure of the Sonoma facility:

 

     Total costs
expected to be
incurred
     Total costs incurred      Cumulative costs
incurred as of
March 31, 2017
 
        2017     

Severance and other termination benefits

   $ 6      $ 6      $ 6  

Other associated costs

     91        91        91  

Below is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending liability balances related to the exit and disposal costs:

 

     Balance at
March 31, 2016
     Amounts
Expensed
     Amounts
Paid
     Balance at
March 31, 2017
 

Severance and other termination benefits

   $ —          6        (6    $ —    

Other associated costs

   $ —          91        (67    $ 24  

Other associated costs primarily consist of costs to dismantle, transport and reassemble manufacturing equipment that was moved from Sonoma to Napa.

As a result of the decision to close our Sonoma facility, the Company determined that it was more likely than not that certain fixed assets at the Sonoma facility would be sold or otherwise disposed of significantly before the end of their estimated useful lives. During fiscal 2016, non-cash impairment charges of $220 related to these assets were recorded, primarily to write off certain machinery and equipment that was not transferred to other locations and was abandoned. During fiscal 2017, the Company recorded a net gain on the sale of property, plant and equipment of $185 related to assets in Sonoma that were not transferred to Napa and were sold. In addition, the Company wrote-off $140 in property, plant and equipment that was not transferred to Napa and was abandoned. These items were recorded in facility closure expenses in the consolidated statements of income.

The cumulative costs incurred in conjunction with the closure as of March 31, 2017 are $272, which were recorded in facility closure expenses in the consolidated statements of income, $52 and $220 in 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Glasgow, Scotland

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company began the process to consolidate our two manufacturing facilities located in Glasgow, Scotland into one facility. The transition was substantially completed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017.

 

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Below is a summary of the exit and disposal costs related to the closure of the Glasgow facility:

 

     Total costs
expected to be
incurred
     Total costs incurred      Cumulative costs
incurred as of
March 31, 2017
 
        2017      2016     

Severance and other termination benefits

   $ 479      $ 100      $ 379      $ 479  

Other associated costs

     642 -700        539        103        642  

Below is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending liability balances related to the exit and disposal costs:

 

     Balance at
March 31, 2016
     Amounts
Expensed
     Amounts
Paid
     Balance at
March 31, 2017
 

Severance and other termination benefits

   $ 106        100        (206    $ —    

Other associated costs

   $ —          539        (440    $ 99  
     Balance at
March 31, 2015
     Amounts
Expensed
     Amounts
Paid
     Balance at
March 31, 2016
 

Severance and other termination benefits

   $ —          379        (273    $ 106  

Other associated costs

   $ —          103        (103    $ —    

Other associated costs primarily consist of costs to dismantle, transport and reassemble manufacturing equipment that was moved in order to consolidate our two manufacturing facilities located in Glasgow into one facility.

As a result of the decision to consolidate our Glasgow facilities, the Company determined that it was more likely than not that certain fixed assets at the closing Glasgow facility would be sold or otherwise disposed of significantly before the end of their estimated useful lives. During fiscal 2016, non-cash impairment charges of $115 related to these assets were recorded in facility closure expenses in the consolidated statements of income, primarily to write off certain machinery and equipment that was not transferred to other locations and was abandoned. During fiscal 2017, the Company recorded a net gain on the sale of property, plant and equipment of $377 related to assets that were not transferred to other locations and were sold.

The cumulative costs incurred in conjunction with the closure as of March 31, 2017 are $859, which were recorded in facility closure expenses in the consolidated statements of income, $262 and $597 in fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively.

Greensboro, North Carolina

On October 5, 2015, the Company announced plans to consolidate our manufacturing facility located in Greensboro, North Carolina into other North American facilities. The transition was substantially completed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016.

Below is a summary of the exit and disposal costs related to the closure of the Greensboro facility:

 

     Total costs
expected to be
incurred
     Total costs incurred      Cumulative costs
incurred as of
March 31, 2017
 
        2017      2016     

Severance and other termination benefits

   $ 651      $ (22    $ 673      $ 651  

Contract termination costs

     —          (66      66        —    

Other associated costs

     844        207        637        844  

Below is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending liability balances related to the exit and disposal costs:

 

     Balance at
March 31, 2016
     Amounts
Expensed
     Amounts
Paid
     Balance at
March 31, 2017
 

Severance and other termination benefits

   $ 202        (22      (180    $ —    

Contract termination co