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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS INCv466831_ex32-2.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS INCv466831_ex32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS INCv466831_ex31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS INCv466831_ex31-1.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017
   
OR  
   
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 for the transition period from ___________ to _____________.

 

Commission File Number 000-23357

 

BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.

 

(Exact name of the registrant as specified in its charter)

 

INDIANA

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or
organization)

 

35-1345024

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

     

2701 KENT AVENUE

WEST LAFAYETTE, INDIANA

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

47906

(Zip code)

 

(765) 463-4527

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES x        NO ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). YES x          NO ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o Smaller Reporting Company x Emerging growth company o

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES ¨            NO x

 

As of May 10, 2017, 8,188,896 of the registrant’s common shares were outstanding.

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
     
Item 1 Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements:  
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2017 (Unaudited) and September 30, 2016 3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Three and Six Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (Unaudited) 4
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (Unaudited) 5
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 6
Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 15
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 27
Item 4 Controls and Procedures 27
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1A Risk Factors 28
Item 6 Exhibits 28
  Signatures 29

 

 2 

 

 

BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

   March 31,
2017
   September 30,
2016
 
   (Unaudited)     
Assets          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $419   $386 
Accounts receivable          
Trade, net of allowance of $2,977 at March 31, 2017 and $565 at September 30, 2016   2,721    1,649 
Unbilled revenues and other   498    591 
Inventories, net   1,119    1,453 
Prepaid expenses   559    798 
Total current assets   5,316    4,877 
           
Property and equipment, net   15,540    16,136 
Lease rent receivable   69    51 
Goodwill   38    38 
Other assets   24    27 
           
Total assets  $20,987   $21,129 
           
Liabilities and shareholders’ equity          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $1,803   $2,965 
Restructuring liability   1,117    1,117 
Accrued expenses   1,287    1,089 
Customer advances   3,763    3,114 
Income taxes payable   16    13 
Revolving line of credit   1,419    1,358 
Fair value of interest rate swap   6    35 
Current portion of capital lease obligation   125    126 
Term loan, net of debt issuance costs   3,387    3,656 
Total current liabilities   12,923    13,473 
           
Capital lease obligation, less current portion   134    198 
Total liabilities   13,057    13,671 
           
Shareholders’ equity:          
Preferred shares, authorized 1,000,000 shares, no par value:
1,035 Series A shares at $1,000 stated value issued and outstanding at March 31, 2017 and 1,185 at September 30, 2016
   1,035    1,185 
Common shares, no par value:
Authorized 19,000,000 shares; 8,188,896 issued and outstanding at March 31, 2017 and 8,107,558 at September 30, 2016
   2,009    1,989 
Additional paid-in capital   21,378    21,240 
Accumulated deficit   (16,486)   (16,921)
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income   (6)   (35)
Total shareholders’ equity   7,930    7,458 
           
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity  $20,987   $21,129 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 3 

 

 

BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
   Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2017   2016   2017   2016 
                 
Service revenue  $4,962   $4,053   $10,226   $8,108 
Product revenue   1,397    1,286    2,307    2,126 
Total revenue   6,359    5,339    12,533    10,234 
                     
Cost of service revenue   3,546    3,316    7,296    6,655 
Cost of product revenue   770    707    1,335    1,279 
Total cost of revenue   4,316    4,023    8,631    7,934 
                     
Gross profit   2,043    1,316    3,902    2,300 
Operating expenses:                    
Selling   242    360    578    667 
Research and development   110    132    214    289 
General and administrative   1,136    1,086    2,461    2,135 
Total operating expenses   1,488    1,578    3,253    3,091 
                     
Operating income (loss)   555    (262)   649    (791)
                     
Interest expense   (134)   (70)   (210)   (136)
Decrease in fair value of warrant liability       79        168 
Other income   1        2    1 
                     
Net income (loss) before income taxes   422    (253)   441    (758)
                     
Income taxes   5    1    7    2 
                     
Net income (loss)  $417   $(254)  $434   $(760)
                     
Other comprehensive income (loss):   8    (19)   29    (99)
                     
Comprehensive income (loss)  $425   $(273)  $463   $(859)
                     
Basic net income (loss) per share  $0.05   $(0.03)  $0.05   $(0.09)
Diluted net income (loss) per share  $0.05   $(0.03)  $0.05   $(0.09)
                     
Weighted common shares outstanding:                    
Basic   8,148    8,108    8,128    8,107 
Diluted   8,710    8,108    8,707    8,107 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 4 

 

 

BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   Six Months Ended March 31, 
   2017   2016 
         
Operating activities:          
Net income (loss)  $434   $(760)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   860    688 
Decrease in fair value of warrant liability       (168)
Employee stock compensation expense   7    29 
Provision for doubtful accounts       (19)
(Gain)/Loss on disposal of property and equipment   (6)   12 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (997)   306 
Inventories   334    50 
Income tax accruals   3    (1)
Prepaid expenses and other assets   41    388 
Accounts payable   (962)   341 
Accrued expenses   198    (406)
Customer advances   649    (334)
Net cash provided by operating activities   561    126 
Investing activities:          
Capital expenditures   (158)   (632)
Proceeds from sale of equipment   6     
Net cash used by investing activities   (152)   (632)
           
Financing activities:          
Payments of long-term debt   (327)   (393)
Payments of debt issuance costs   (45)    
Payments on revolving line of credit   (6,823)   (5,223)
Borrowings on revolving line of credit   6,883    6,265 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options       3 
Payments on capital lease obligations   (64)   (131)
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities   (376)   521 
           
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   33    15 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   386    438 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $419   $453 
           
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing activities:          
Cash paid for interest  $139   $119 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 5 

 

 

BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in thousands except per share data or as otherwise indicated)

(Unaudited)

 

1.DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

Bioanalytical Systems, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“We,” the “Company”, “Our” or “BASi”) engage in contract laboratory research services and other services related to pharmaceutical development. We also manufacture scientific instruments for life sciences research, which we sell with related software for use in industrial, governmental and academic laboratories. Our customers are located throughout the world.

 

We have prepared the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), and therefore should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements, and the notes thereto, included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2016. Certain amounts in the fiscal 2016 consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the fiscal 2017 presentation without affecting previously reported net income or stockholders’ equity. In the opinion of management, the condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 include all adjustments which are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods and of our financial position at March 31, 2017. The results of operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 may not be indicative of the results for the year ending September 30, 2017.

 

During fiscal 2016 and throughout the first six months of fiscal 2017 we have operated either in default of, or under forbearance arrangements with respect to our credit agreements with Huntington National Bank (“Huntington Bank”). Effective January 31, 2017, we entered into a Fifth Forbearance Agreement and Sixth Amendment to Credit Agreement (the “Fifth Forbearance Agreement”) with Huntington Bank. Pursuant to the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, Huntington Bank agreed to forbear from exercising its rights and remedies under the Company’s credit facility and from terminating the Company’s related swap agreement with respect to the Company’s non-compliance with applicable financial covenants under the credit agreement and any further non-compliance with such covenants until July 31, 2017. If we are unable to refinance our indebtedness before the end of the forbearance period, and were Huntington Bank to demand payment on the outstanding debt under our credit arrangements, we would have insufficient funds to satisfy that obligation. In such case, in addition to the ability to immediately demand payment of the outstanding debt under our term loan and revolving loan, Huntington Bank would have the right to exercise its security interest, to take possession of or sell the underlying collateral, to increase interest accruing on the debt, to refrain from making additional advances under the revolving loan, and to terminate our interest rate swap. We have classified the entire term loan payable to Huntington Bank and the interest rate swap agreement with Huntington Bank as current liabilities of the Company.

 

2.MANAGEMENT’S PLAN

 

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared on a going concern basis, which assumes continuity of operations and realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the ordinary course of business. The financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets and liabilities that may result in the event the Company’s plans, including plans to rectify our liquidity issues, are not successful. As noted above, during fiscal 2016 and throughout the first six months of fiscal 2017, we have operated either in default of, or under forbearance arrangements with respect to, our credit agreements with Huntington Bank. During fiscal 2015 and 2016, we experienced depressed revenues as compared to historical levels. A significant portion of our costs are fixed. Thus, decreases in revenues led to decreased margins, which in turn negatively impacted cash provided from operating activities. To supplement cash from operating activities during that period, we relied, and may in the future rely, on our cash balance and supplemental funds from our credit arrangements. The Company’s operating performance for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 reflects a significant improvement in our reported revenue and profitability versus recent trends. The potential inability to find replacement financing continues to raise doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, and management has and will continue to take measures to mitigate that possibility.

 

We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to satisfy our cash requirements from cash provided by operating activities on a go-forward basis. If our working capital needs and capital expenditure requirements exceed cash provided by operating activities, then we may again look to our cash balance and committed credit lines, if any, to satisfy those needs. The term of our Fifth Forbearance Agreement ends on July 31, 2017, after which, or sooner should we default on the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, Huntington Bank may refrain from making additional advances under our revolving loan. In addition, alternative financing sources may hesitate to enter into credit arrangements with us due in part to historical losses.

 

 6 

 

 

The Company’s Board of Directors has directed management to seek alternatives that will enable the Company to repay its indebtedness to Huntington Bank in full upon the expiration of the forbearance period. The following alternatives, among others, are being evaluated: replacement financing, the potential disposition of certain assets and the possible sale of the West Lafayette building. Management has been reviewing details of all current account management and marketing programs as well as all invoicing and top-line growth initiatives. We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to resolve our liquidity issues on satisfactory terms, or at all.

 

Although the Company continues to face the near term challenge of replacing its Huntington Bank debt, the operating performance for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 is encouraging. The financial results for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 reflect Management’s initiatives aimed at growing revenue, reducing costs and generating more cash flow. The additional revenues for archive services and the recent reductions in inventory and accounts payable are examples of these initiatives. For the remainder of fiscal 2017, the entire BASi team remains committed to the Company’s core priorities and is focused on seeking additional opportunities to increase revenue and profits. For example, we are exploring the use of distributor and reseller arrangements to boost sales in our products business. Additionally, we intend to increase our investment in product research and development. We anticipate making investments to increase our discovery and preclinical services revenues. We have recently welcomed the Company’s founder as a scientific advisor to the team; and we are also looking to selectively add to our scientific and business development staff. Lastly, the Board of Directors continues to weigh options and timing for hiring a new Chief Executive Officer, to fill the position vacated in November of 2016.

 

3.ARCHIVE REVENUES

 

In fiscal 2017, after a thorough review of its service contracts with customers, the Company instituted the practice of uniformly charging archive fees to clients where contracts allow. Historically, the Company’s practice of charging such fees was inconsistent.

 

Archive revenues include fees for: (1) the handling of records (pickup and delivery of records, addition of new records, and retrieval and refiling of records); (2) secure destruction of records; (3) secure shredding of sensitive documents; (4) other services, including the scanning, imaging and document conversion of active and inactive physical and digital records; and (5) the secure storage of records in a designated environmentally monitored, limited-access location.

 

In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, the Company began recognizing archive revenue when the following criteria are met: (1) persuasive evidence of a contractual arrangement; (2) the invoice price is fixed or determinable; (3) services have been rendered; and (4) collectability of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. Amounts related to future archiving or prepaid archiving contracts for customers where archiving fees are billed in advance are accounted for as deferred revenue and recognized ratably over the period the applicable archive service is performed. Archiving revenues for services rendered prior to calendar year 2017 are currently recognized when payments are received. Archive revenue recognized for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 was $229 and $237, respectively. No archive revenue was recognized for the three and six months ended March 31, 2016.

 

4.STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

The Company’s 2008 Stock Option Plan (“the Plan”) is used to promote our long-term interests by providing a means of attracting and retaining officers, directors and key employees and aligning their interests with those of our shareholders. The Plan is described more fully in Note 10 in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2016. All options granted under the Plan had an exercise price equal to the market value of the underlying common shares on the date of grant. We expense the estimated fair value of stock options over the vesting periods of the grants. We recognize expense for awards subject to graded vesting using the straight-line attribution method, reduced for estimated forfeitures. Forfeitures are revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates and an adjustment is recognized at that time. The Compensation Committee may also issue non-qualified stock option grants with vesting periods different from the 2008 Plan. As of March 31, 2017, there are 15 shares underlying options outstanding that were granted outside of the Plan. The assumptions used are detailed in Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2016. Stock based compensation expense for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 was $(3) and $7, respectively. Stock based compensation expense for the three and six months ended March 31, 2016 was $14 and $29, respectively. The negative expense in the three month period ending March 31, 2017 was due to the forfeiture of options related to the former Chief Executive Officer. The 17 options exercised in the current fiscal year were exercised through a cashless transaction.

 

 7 

 

 

A summary of our stock option activity for the six months ended March 31, 2017 is as follows (in thousands except for share prices):

 

   Options
(shares)
   Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
   Weighted-
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
             
Outstanding - October 1, 2016   262   $1.76   $1.39 
Exercised   (17)  $1.03   $0.87 
Granted              
Terminated   (50)  $2.11   $1.75 
Outstanding - March 31, 2017   195   $1.74   $1.34 

 

5.INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE

 

We compute basic income (loss) per share using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. The Company has two categories of dilutive potential common shares: the Series A preferred shares issued in May 2011 in connection with the registered direct offering and shares issuable upon exercise of options. We compute diluted earnings per share using the if-converted method for preferred stock and the treasury stock method for stock options, respectively.

 

Shares issuable upon exercise of options, warrants for 799 common shares and 592 common shares issuable upon conversion of preferred shares were not considered in computing diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended March 31, 2016, respectively, because they were anti-dilutive. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, 150 preferred shares were converted to common shares via cashless conversion resulting in no effect on the diluted net income per share calculation.

 

The following table reconciles our computation of basic income (loss) per share to diluted income (loss) per share:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
   Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2017   2016   2017   2016 
Basic net income (loss) per share:                    
Net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders  $417   $(254)  $434   $(760)
Weighted average common shares outstanding   8,148    8,108    8,128    8,107 
Basic net income (loss) per share  $0.05   $(0.03)  $0.05   $(0.09)
                     
Diluted net income (loss) per share:                    
                     
Diluted net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders  $417   $(254)  $434   $(760)
Weighted average common shares outstanding   8,148    8,108    8,128    8,107 
Plus: Incremental shares from assumed conversions:                    
Series A preferred shares   554        573     
Dilutive stock options/shares   8        6     
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding   8,710    8,108    8,707    8,107 
Diluted net income (loss) per share  $0.05   $(0.03)  $0.05   $(0.09)

 

 8 

 

 

6.INVENTORIES

 

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

   March 31,
2017
   September 30,
2016
 
         
Raw materials  $876   $1,190 
Work in progress   256    267 
Finished goods   221    284 
    1,353    1,741 
Obsolescence reserve   (234)   (288)
   $1,119   $1,453 

 

7.SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

We operate in two principal segments - research services and research products. Our Services segment provides research and development support on a contract basis directly to pharmaceutical companies. Our Products segment provides liquid chromatography, electrochemical and physiological monitoring products to pharmaceutical companies, universities, government research centers and medical research institutions. Our accounting policies in these segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies found in Note 2 to Consolidated Financial Statements in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2016.

 

   Three Months Ended 
March 31,
   Six Months Ended 
March 31,
 
   2017   2016   2017   2016 
                 
Revenue:                    
Service  $4,962   $4,053   $10,226   $8,108 
Product   1,397    1,286    2,307    2,126 
   $6,359   $5,339   $12,533   $10,234 
Operating income (loss):                    
Service  $445   $(279)  $739   $(598)
Product   110    17    (90)   (193)
   $555   $(262)  $649   $(791)
                     
Interest expense   (134)   (70)   (210)   (136)
Decrease in fair value of warrant liability       79        168 
Other income   1        2    1 
Income (loss) before income taxes  $422   $(253)  $441   $(758)

 

8.INCOME TAXES

 

We use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes.  We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. We measure deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. We recognize the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates in income in the period that includes the enactment date. We record valuation allowances based on a determination of the expected realization of tax assets.

 

 9 

 

 

We recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination based on the technical merits of the position. We measure the amount of the accrual for which an exposure exists as the largest amount of benefit determined on a cumulative probability basis that we believe is more likely than not to be realized upon ultimate settlement of the position.

 

At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, we had a $16 liability for uncertain income tax positions. The difference between the federal statutory rate of 34% and our effective rate of 1.5% is due to changes in our valuation allowance on our net deferred tax assets.

 

We record interest and penalties accrued in relation to uncertain income tax positions as a component of income tax expense. Any changes in the liability for uncertain tax positions would impact our effective tax rate. We do not expect the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits to significantly change in the next twelve months.

 

We file income tax returns in the U.S. and several U.S. States. We remain subject to examination by taxing authorities in the jurisdictions in which we have filed returns for years after 2011.

 

9.DEBT

 

Credit Facility

 

On May 14, 2014, we entered into a Credit Agreement with Huntington Bank, which was subsequently amended on May 14, 2015 (“Agreement”). The Agreement includes both a term loan and a revolving loan and is secured by mortgages on our facilities in West Lafayette and Evansville, Indiana and liens on our personal property. As of December 31, 2015, we were not in compliance with certain financial covenants of the Agreement, and during fiscal 2016 and the first six months of fiscal 2017 we operated either in default of, or under forbearance arrangements with respect to, the Agreement.

 

On April 27, 2016, the Company entered into a Forbearance Agreement and Second Amendment to Credit Agreement (“Forbearance Agreement”) with Huntington Bank and on July 1, 2016, the Company entered into a Second Forbearance Agreement and Third Amendment to Credit Agreement (“Second Forbearance Agreement”) with Huntington Bank. As of June 30, 2016, the Company was not in compliance with an additional financial covenant under the Second Forbearance Agreement, resulting in termination of the forbearance period thereunder. On September 30, 2016, the Company entered into a Third Forbearance Agreement and Fourth Amendment to Credit Agreement with Huntington Bank (“Third Forbearance Agreement”), on October 31, 2016, the Company entered into a Fourth Forbearance Agreement and Fifth Amendment to Credit Agreement (“Fourth Forbearance Agreement”) and on January 31, 2017 the Company entered into a Fifth Forbearance Agreement and Sixth Amendment to Credit Agreement (“Fifth Forbearance Agreement”) with Huntington Bank. Subject to the conditions set forth in the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, Huntington Bank has agreed to continue to forbear from exercising its rights and remedies under the Agreement and from terminating the Company’s related swap agreement with respect to the Company’s non-compliance with applicable financial covenants under the Agreement and any further non-compliance with such covenants during a forbearance period ending July 31, 2017 and to continue to make advances under the Agreement.

 

In exchange for Huntington Bank’s agreement to continue to forbear from exercising its rights and remedies under the Agreement, the Company has agreed to, among other things: (i) amend the maturity dates for the term and revolving loans under the Agreement to July 31, 2017, (ii) take commercially reasonable efforts to obtain funds sufficient to repay the indebtedness in full upon the expiration of the forbearance period, (iii) provide to Huntington Bank certain cash flow forecasts and other financial information, (iv) comply with a minimum cash flow covenant, (v) continue to engage the services of the Company’s financial consultant and cause the financial consultant to provide Huntington Bank such information regarding its efforts as Huntington Bank reasonably requests, and (vi) pay to Huntington Bank a forbearance fee in the amount of $227, $27 of which was paid at the execution of the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, with the remainder payable upon the first to occur of payment in full of the indebtedness under the Credit Agreement or July 14, 2017. Should the Company repay the indebtedness to Huntington Bank in full on or before July 14, 2017, the forbearance fee would be reduced by $100. Because we believe that more likely than not that we will have to pay the full fee of $200, we have accrued for the fees from the Fifth Forbearance net of accumulated amortization in Term loan, net of debt issuance costs on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. We amortize the fees on a straight line basis to interest expense over the contractual term of the Fifth Forbearance. We incurred $67 in interest expense in our second fiscal quarter of 2017 from the amortization of the fees.

 

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The Fifth Forbearance Agreement provides for immediate termination of the forbearance period upon the occurrence of, among other events, the failure of the Company to perform, observe or comply with the terms of the Fifth Forbearance Agreement. The available remedies in the event of a default by the Company include among others, the ability to accelerate and immediately demand payment of the outstanding debt under our term loan and revolving loan, to exercise on the security interest, to take possession of or sell the underlying collateral, to refrain from making additional advances under the revolving loan, to increase interest accruing on the debt by five percent (5%) per annum over the otherwise applicable rate effective after receipt of written notice from Huntington Bank, and to terminate our interest rate swap.

 

The term loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 325 basis points with monthly principal payments of approximately $65 plus interest. We have made all required principal payments on the term loan. The balance on the term loan at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016 was $3,339 and $3,666, respectively. The revolving loan for $2,000 bears interest at LIBOR plus 300 basis points with interest paid monthly. The revolving loan also carries a facility fee of .25%, paid quarterly, for the unused portion of the revolving loan. The revolving loan includes an annual clean-up provision that requires the Company to maintain a balance of not more than 20% of the maximum loan of $2,000 for a period of 30 days in any 12 month period while the revolving loan is outstanding. We were not in compliance with this requirement as of March 31, 2017. On February 13, 2017, Huntington Bank waived our noncompliance with the clean-up provision, together with all other defaults or events of default directly resulting solely on account of the non-compliance with the clean-up provision, the Company’s failure to timely report the non-compliance and the Company’s representation of compliance with the Agreement notwithstanding the non-compliance. Huntington Bank also waived the Company’s further compliance with the clean-up provision through the period ending July 31, 2017. The revolving loan balance was $1,419 and $1,358 at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, respectively.

 

Were Huntington Bank to demand payment of the outstanding debt (whether at or, in the case of a default of the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, prior to the scheduled maturity of the loans on July 31, 2017), we would currently have insufficient funds to satisfy that obligation, and the bank’s exercise of alternative remedies could also have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial condition. As an example, in recent periods we have drawn on our revolving facility to supplement cash from operations. Should cash from operating activities remain insufficient to cover expenses and if Huntington Bank determines to refrain from making additional advances under the revolving facility, we may not have the requisite funds to continue operations.

 

We incurred $10 of costs on September 30, 2016 related to the Third Forbearance Agreement that was amortized in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. We incurred $17 of costs on November 1, 2016 related to the Fourth Forbearance Agreement that was amortized in the first and second quarters of fiscal 2017. We incurred $29 of costs February 2017 related to the Fifth Forbearance Agreement that was partially amortized in the second fiscal quarter of 2017 with the remainder to be amortized on a straight-line basis through July 31, 2017.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, we amortized $82 and $7, respectively, into interest expense on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). For the six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, we amortized $103 and $14, respectively, into interest expense on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). These noncash charges are included in depreciation and amortization on the consolidated statements of cash flows. As of March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, the unamortized portion of debt issuance costs related to the credit facility was $152 and $10, respectively, and was included in Term loan, net of debt issuance costs on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Interest Rate Swap

 

We entered into an interest rate swap agreement with respect to the above loans to fix the interest rate with respect to 60% of the value of the term loan at approximately 5.0%. We entered into this interest rate swap agreement to hedge interest rate risk of the related debt obligation and not to speculate on interest rates. The changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap are recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income to the extent effective. We assess on an ongoing basis whether the derivative that is used in the hedging transaction is highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flows of the hedged debt. The Fourth and Fifth Forbearance Agreements amended the terms of the interest rate swap to match the terms of the underlying debt resulting in no ineffectiveness.

 

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10.RESTRUCTURING

 

In March 2012, we announced a plan to restructure our bioanalytical laboratory operations. The restructuring plan included the closure of our facility and bioanalytical laboratory in Warwickshire, United Kingdom.

 

As part of the restructuring, we accrued for lease payments at the cease use date for our United Kingdom facility and have considered free rent, sublease rentals and the number of days it would take to restore the space to its original condition prior to our improvements. Based on these matters, we have a $1,000 reserve for lease related costs. Additionally, we accrued $117 for legal and professional fees and other costs to remove improvements previously made to the facility. At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, respectively, we have $1,117 reserved for the restructuring liability. The full restructuring reserve is classified as a current liability on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

11.FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

The provisions of the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure Topic defines fair value, establishes a consistent framework for measuring fair value and provides the disclosure requirements about fair value measurements. This Topic also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s judgment about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best information available in the circumstances. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the inputs as follows:

 

Level 1 – Valuations based on quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the Company has the ability to access.

 

Level 2 – Valuations based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly.

 

Level 3 – Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.

 

In May 2011, we issued Class A and B Warrants that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis. We recorded these warrants as a liability determining the fair value at inception on May 11, 2011. Subsequent quarterly fair value measurements, using the Black Scholes model which is considered a level 2 measurement, were calculated with fair value changes charged to the statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss). The Class B Warrants expired in May 2012 and the liability was reduced to zero and the Class A Warrants expired in May 2016 and the liability was reduced to zero. In the first three and six months of fiscal 2016, the fair value of the Warrant liability decreased $79 and $168, respectively.

 

The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, inventories, prepaid expenses and other assets, accounts payable and other accruals approximate their fair values because of their nature and respective duration. The carrying value of the note payable approximates fair value due to the variable nature of the interest rates.

 

We use an interest rate swap, designated as a hedge, to fix 60% of the term loan debt from our credit facility with Huntington Bank. We did not enter into this derivative transaction to speculate on interest rates, but to hedge interest rate risk. The swap is recognized as a liability on the balance sheet at its fair value. The fair value is determined utilizing a cash flow model that takes into consideration interest rates and other inputs observable in the market from similar types of instruments, and is therefore considered a level 2 measurement.

 

The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level as of March 31, 2017, for the Company’s financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
             
Interest rate swap agreement  $-   $6   $- 

 

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The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level as of September 30, 2016, for the Company’s financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
             
Interest rate swap agreement  $-   $35   $- 

 

12.NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

Effective October 1, 2018, the Company will be required to adopt the new guidance of ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which will supersede the revenue recognition requirements in ASC Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. Topic 606 requires the Company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new guidance requires the Company to apply the following steps: (1) identify the contract with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when, or as, the Company satisfies a performance obligation. The Company will be required to adopt Topic 606 either on a full retrospective basis to each prior reporting period presented or on a modified retrospective basis with the cumulative effect of initially applying the new guidance recognized at the date of initial application. If the Company elects the modified retrospective approach, it will be required to provide additional disclosures of the amount by which each financial statement line item is affected in the current reporting period, as compared to the guidance that was in effect before the change, and an explanation of the reasons for significant changes. The Company is still assessing the impact of the new guidance on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued new guidance in Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40).” The update provides guidance regarding management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. The Company adopted the guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 and added the required disclosures to the footnotes.

 

In November 2014, the FASB issued new guidance in ASU No. 2014-16, “Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) – Determining whether the host contract in a hybrid financial instrument issued in the form of a share is more akin to debt or to equity.” The guidance clarifies how current GAAP should be interpreted in subjectively evaluating the economic characteristics and risks of a host contract in a hybrid financial instrument that is issued in the form of a share. The Company adopted this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 with no material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2015, the FASB amended guidance in ASU No. 2015-02, “Consolidation Topic 810.” The guidance made certain targeted revisions to various area of the consolidation guidance, including the determination of the primary beneficiary of an entity, among others. The Company adopted the guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 with no material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In April 2015, the FASB amended the existing accounting standards for imputation of interest. The amendments require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by these amendments. The Company adopted the guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, presenting the remaining debt issuance costs at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016 of $152 and $10, respectively, as a reduction in the carrying amount of the long-term debt.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued an amendment to the accounting guidance related to the measurement of inventory. The amendment revises inventory to be measured at lower of cost and net realizable value from lower of cost or market. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory measured using last-in, first-out (LIFO) or the retail inventory method. This guidance will be effective prospectively for the first quarter of fiscal 2018, with early application permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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In February 2016, the FASB issued updated guidance on leases which, for operating leases, requires a lessee to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, in its balance sheet. The standard also requires a lessee to recognize a single lease cost, calculated so that the cost of the lease is allocated over the lease term, on a generally straight-line basis. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with earlier application permitted. We are currently evaluating the effects of the adoption and have not yet determined the impact the revised guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

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ITEM 2 - MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

This report contains statements that constitute forward looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Those statements appear in a number of places in this Report and may include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our intent, belief or current expectations with respect to (i) our strategic plans; (ii) trends in the demand for our products and services; (iii) trends in the industries that consume our products and services; (iv) our ability to develop new products and services; (v) our ability to make capital expenditures and finance operations; (vi) global economic conditions, especially as they impact our markets; (vii) our cash position; (viii) our ability to integrate a new sales and marketing team; (ix) our ability to service our outstanding indebtedness and (x) our expectations regarding the volume of new bookings, pricing, gross profit margins and liquidity. Readers are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those in the forward looking statements as a result of various factors, many of which are beyond our control.

 

In addition, we have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events. Although we believe that the assumptions on which the forward-looking statements contained herein are based are reasonable, actual events may differ from those assumptions, and as a result, the forward-looking statements based upon those assumptions may not accurately project future events. The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included or incorporated by reference elsewhere in this Report. In addition to the historical information contained herein, the discussions in this Report may contain forward-looking statements that may be affected by risks and uncertainties, including those discussed in Item 1A, Risk Factors contained in our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements.

 

The following amounts are in thousands, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Recent Events

 

Credit Facility

 

During fiscal 2016 and throughout the first six months of fiscal 2017 we have operated either in default of, or under forbearance arrangements with respect to, our credit agreements with Huntington National Bank (“Huntington Bank”), as more fully described under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources – Credit Facility.” Effective January 31, 2017, we entered into a Fifth Forbearance Agreement and Sixth Amendment to Credit Agreement (the “Fifth Forbearance Agreement”) with Huntington Bank. Pursuant to the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, Huntington Bank agreed to forbear from exercising its rights and remedies under the Company’s credit facility and from terminating the Company’s related swap agreement with respect to the Company’s non-compliance with applicable financial covenants under the credit agreement and any further non-compliance with such covenants until July 31, 2017. If we are unable to refinance our indebtedness before the end of the forbearance period, and were Huntington Bank to demand payment on the outstanding debt under our credit arrangements, we would have insufficient funds to satisfy that obligation. In such case, in addition to the ability to immediately demand payment of the outstanding debt under our term loan and revolving loan, Huntington Bank would have the right to exercise its security interest, to take possession of or sell the underlying collateral, to increase interest accruing on the debt, to refrain from making additional advances under the revolving loan, and to terminate our interest rate swap.

 

The Company’s Board of Directors has directed management to seek alternatives that will enable the Company to repay its indebtedness to Huntington Bank in full upon the expiration of the forbearance period. The following alternatives, among others, are being evaluated: replacement financing, the potential disposition of certain of its assets and the possible sale of its West Lafayette building. Management has been reviewing details of all current account management and marketing programs as well as all invoicing and top-line growth initiatives. We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to resolve our liquidity issues on satisfactory terms, or at all.

 

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Business Overview

 

We are a contract research organization providing drug discovery and development services. Our clients and partners include pharmaceutical, biotechnology, academic and governmental organizations. We apply innovative technologies and products and a commitment to quality to help clients and partners accelerate the development of safe and effective therapeutics and maximize the returns on their research and development investments. We offer an efficient, variable-cost alternative to our clients’ internal product development programs. Outsourcing development work to reduce overhead and speed drug approvals through the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) is an established alternative to in-house development among pharmaceutical companies. We derive our revenues from sales of our research services and drug development tools, both of which are focused on determining drug safety and efficacy. The Company has been involved in the research of drugs to treat numerous therapeutic areas for over 40 years.

 

We support the preclinical and clinical development needs of researchers and clinicians for small molecule and large biomolecule drug candidates. We believe our scientists have the skills in analytical instrumentation development, chemistry, computer software development, physiology, medicine, analytical chemistry and toxicology to make the services and products we provide increasingly valuable to our current and potential clients. Our principal clients are scientists engaged in analytical chemistry, drug safety evaluation, clinical trials, drug metabolism studies, pharmacokinetics and basic research at many of the small start-up biotechnology companies and the largest global pharmaceutical companies.

 

Our business is largely dependent on the level of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies’ efforts in new drug discovery and approval. Our services segment is a direct beneficiary of these efforts, through outsourcing by these companies of research work. Our products segment is an indirect beneficiary of these efforts, as increased drug development leads to capital expansion, providing opportunities to sell the equipment we produce and the consumable supplies we provide that support our products.

 

Developments within the industries we serve have a direct, and sometimes material, impact on our operations. Currently, many large pharmaceutical companies have major “block-buster” drugs that are nearing the end of their patent protections. This puts significant pressure on these companies both to develop new drugs with large market appeal, and to re-evaluate their cost structures and the time-to-market of their products. Contract research organizations (“CRO’s”) have benefited from these developments, as the pharmaceutical industry has turned to out-sourcing to both reduce fixed costs and to increase the speed of research and data development necessary for new drug applications. The number of significant drugs that have reached or are nearing the end of their patent protection has also benefited the generic drug industry. Generic drug companies provide a significant source of new business for CROs as they develop, test and manufacture their generic compounds.

 

We also believe that the development of innovative new drugs is going through an evolution, evidenced by the significant reduction of expenditures on research and development at several major international pharmaceutical companies, accompanied by increases in outsourcing and investments in smaller start-up companies that are performing the early development work on new compounds. Many of these smaller companies are funded by either venture capital or pharmaceutical investment, or both, and generally do not build internal staffs that possess the extensive scientific and regulatory capabilities to perform the various activities necessary to progress a drug candidate to the filing of an Investigative New Drug application with the FDA.

 

A significant portion of innovation in the pharmaceutical industry is now being driven by biotech and small, venture capital funded, drug development companies. Many of these companies are “single-molecule” entities, whose success depends on one innovative compound. While several of the biotech companies have reached the status of major pharmaceuticals, the industry is still characterized by smaller entities. These developmental companies generally do not have the resources to perform much of the research within their organizations, and are therefore dependent on the CRO industry for both their research and for guidance in preparing their FDA submissions. These companies have provided significant new opportunities for the CRO industry, including us. They do, however, provide challenges in selling, as they frequently have only one product in development, which causes CROs to be unable to develop a flow of projects from a single company. These companies may expend all their available funds and cease operations prior to fully developing a product. Additionally, the funding of these companies is subject to investment market fluctuations, which changes as the risk profiles and appetite of investors change.

 

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While continuing to maintain and develop our relationships with large pharmaceutical companies, we intend to aggressively promote our services to developing businesses, which will require us to expand our existing capabilities to provide services early in the drug development process, and to consult with customers on regulatory strategy and compliance leading to their FDA filings. Our Enhanced Drug Discovery services, part of this strategy, utilizes our proprietary Culex® technology to provide early experiments in our laboratories that previously would have been conducted in the sponsor’s facilities. As we move forward, we must balance the demands of the large pharmaceutical companies with the personal touch needed by smaller biotechnology companies to develop a competitive advantage. We intend to accomplish this through the use of and expanding upon our existing project management skills, strategic partnerships and relationship management.

 

Research services are capital intensive. The investment in equipment and facilities to serve our markets is substantial and continuing. While our physical facilities are adequate to meet market needs for the near term, rapid changes in automation, precision, speed and technologies necessitate a constant investment in equipment and software to meet market demands. We are also impacted by the heightened regulatory environment and the need to improve our business infrastructure to support our increasingly diverse operations, which will necessitate additional capital investment. Our ability to generate capital to reinvest in our capabilities, both through operations and financial transactions, is critical to our success. While we are currently committed to fully utilizing our existing capacity, sustained growth will require additional investment in future periods. Our financial position could limit our ability to make such investments.

 

Executive Summary

 

As noted above, during fiscal 2016 and the first six months of fiscal 2017, we have operated either in default of, or under forbearance arrangements with respect to our credit arrangements with Huntington Bank. Please see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources – Credit Facility.”

 

Our revenues are dependent on a relatively small number of industries and customers. As a result, we closely monitor the market for our services and products. In the first six months of fiscal 2017, we experienced a 26.1% increase in revenues in our Services segment and an 8.5% increase in revenues for our Products segment as compared to the first six months of fiscal 2016. Our Services revenue was positively impacted by increased preclinical services studies in the first six months of fiscal 2017 versus the comparable period of fiscal 2016. The higher revenue in our Products segment was mainly due to increased sales of instruments and related consumables in our Culex®, in vivo sampling product line as compared to the prior year period.

 

We review various metrics to evaluate our financial performance, including revenue, margins and earnings. Revenues increased approximately 22.5% and gross margin increased 69.7% in the first six months of fiscal 2017 from the prior year period. Operating expenses increased 5.2% in the first six months of fiscal 2017 from the first six months of fiscal 2016 due in large part to expenses associated with the severance agreement with our former Chief Executive Officer as well as higher consulting costs. The increased revenues and margins contributed to the reported operating income of $649 for the first six months of fiscal 2017 compared to an operating loss of $791 for the prior year period. For a detailed discussion of our revenue, margins, earnings and other financial results for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017, see “Results of Operations” below.

 

As of March 31, 2017, we had $419 of cash and cash equivalents as compared to $386 of cash and cash equivalents at the end of fiscal 2016. In the first six months of fiscal 2017, we generated $561 in cash from operations as compared to cash generated of $126 in the first six months of fiscal 2016. Total capital expenditures decreased from $632 in the first six months of fiscal 2016 to $158 in the first six months of fiscal 2017. We had $60 of net borrowings on our line of credit in the first six months of fiscal 2017, as compared to $1,042 of net borrowings on our line of credit in the same period of the prior year.

 

Although the Company continues to face the near term challenge of replacing its Huntington Bank debt, the operating performance for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 is encouraging. The quarterly and year to date 2017 financial results reflect Management’s initiatives aimed at growing revenue, reducing costs and generating more cash flow. For the remainder of fiscal 2017, the entire BASi team remains committed to the Company’s core priorities and is focused on seeking additional opportunities to increase revenue and profits. For example, we are exploring the use of distributor and reseller arrangements to boost sales in our products business. Additionally, we intend to increase our investment in product research and development. We anticipate making investments to increase our discovery and preclinical services revenues. We have recently welcomed the Company’s founder as a scientific advisor to the team; and we are also looking to selectively add to our scientific and business development staff. Lastly, the Board of Directors continues to weigh options and timing for hiring a new Chief Executive Officer, to fill the position vacated in November of 2016.

 

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Our long-term strategic objective is to maximize the Company’s intrinsic value per share.  While we remain focused on productivity and better processes and a continued emphasis on generating free cash flow, we are also dedicated to the strategies that drive our top-line growth. We are intensifying our efforts to improve our processes, embrace change and solidify our liquidity position. Refer to Note 2, Management’s Plan, for further information regarding the Company’s plan to address current operations.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table summarizes the condensed consolidated statement of operations as a percentage of total revenues:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
   Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2017   2016   2017   2016 
                 
Service revenue   78.0%   75.9%   81.6%   79.2%
Product revenue   22.0    24.1    18.4    20.8 
Total revenue   100.0    100.0    100.0    100.0 
                     
Cost of Service revenue (a)   71.5%   81.8    71.3    82.1 
Cost of Product revenue (a)   55.1%   54.9    57.9    60.2 
Total cost of revenue   67.9%   75.4    68.9    77.5 
                     
Gross profit   32.1    24.6    31.1    22.5 
                     
Total operating expenses   23.4    29.6    26.0    30.2 
                     
Operating income (loss)   8.7    (5.0)   5.1    (7.7)
                     
Other income (expense)   (2.1)   0.2    (1.7)   0.3 
                     
Income (loss) before income taxes   6.6    (4.8)   3.4    (7.4)
                     
Income tax expense   0.1    0.0    0.1    0.0 
                     
Net Income (loss)   6.5%   (4.8)%   3.3%   (7.4)%

 

(a)Percentage of service and product revenues, respectively

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2016

 

Service and Product Revenues

 

Revenues for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2017 increased 19.1% to $6,359 compared to $5,339 for the same period last year.

 

Our Service revenue increased 22.4% to $4,962 in the second quarter of fiscal 2017 compared to $4,053 for the prior year period. Preclinical services revenues increased due to an overall increase in the number of studies from the prior year period. Other laboratory services revenues were positively impacted by higher discovery and pharmaceutical analysis revenues in the second quarter of fiscal 2017 versus the comparable period in fiscal 2016. Also, archive revenue added $229 to Other laboratory services revenue in the second fiscal quarter of 2017. Bioanalytical analysis revenues declined due to fewer samples received and analyzed in the second quarter of fiscal 2017 and a mix favoring method development and validation projects during that time period, which generate lower revenue but involve more dedicated resources.

 

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   Three Months Ended
March 31,
         
   2017   2016   Change   % 
Bioanalytical analysis  $1,245   $1,591   $(346)   (21.7)%
Preclinical services   3,094    2,262    832    36.8%
Other laboratory services   623    200    423    211.5%
   $4,962   $4,053   $909      

 

Sales in our Products segment increased 8.6% in the second quarter of fiscal 2017 from $1,286 to $1,397 when compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. The majority of the increase stems from higher sales of our Culex automated in vivo sampling systems and related consumables over the same period in the prior fiscal year.

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
         
   2017   2016   Change   % 
Culex, in-vivo sampling systems  $883   $630   $253    40.2%
Analytical instruments   323    407    (84)   (20.6)%
Other instruments   191    249    (58)   (23.3)%
   $1,397   $1,286   $111      

 

Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of revenues for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 was $4,316 or 67.9% of revenue, compared to $4,023, or 79.5% of revenue for the prior year period.

 

Cost of Service revenue as a percentage of Service revenue decreased to 71.5% during the second quarter of fiscal 2017 from 81.8% in the comparable period last year. The principal cause of this decrease was the increase in revenues, which led to higher absorption of the fixed costs in our Service segment. A significant portion of our costs of productive capacity in the Service segment are fixed. Thus, increases in revenues led to decreases in costs as a percentage of revenue.

 

Costs of Products revenue as a percentage of Products revenue in the second quarter of fiscal 2017 increased slightly to 55.1% from 54.9% in the comparable prior year period. This increase is mainly due to slightly higher material costs and efforts to reduce inventory in the current quarter.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Selling expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2017 decreased 32.8% to $242 from $360 for the comparable period last year. This decrease is mainly due to lower salaries and benefits from the loss of sales employees plus lower consulting costs in the second fiscal quarter of 2017 compared to the same period in fiscal 2016, partially offset by higher commissions.

 

Research and development expenses for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 decreased 16.7% over the comparable period last year to $110 from $132. The decrease was primarily due to lower salaries and benefits from the loss of an employee in fiscal 2016 who was not immediately replaced.

 

General and administrative expenses for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 increased 4.6% to $1,136 from $1,086 for the comparable prior year period. The principal reasons for the increase were higher consulting services. These items were offset slightly by decreased spending for outside services and employee search costs.

 

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Other Income (Expense)

 

Other income (expense), net, was expense of $133 for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 as compared to income of $9 for the same quarter of the prior fiscal year. The primary reason for the change in income (expense) was due to the decrease in the fair value of the warrant liability in the second fiscal quarter of 2016. The Class A warrants expired in May 2016. Thus, no fair value changes were recorded in the second quarter of fiscal 2017. Also, interest expense increased $64 or in the second fiscal quarter of 2017 compared to the same period of fiscal 2016 due to the amortization of fees associated with our Fifth Forbearance arrangement.

 

Income Taxes

 

Our effective tax rate for the quarters ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was 1.2% and (0.4)%, respectively. The current year expense primarily relates to alternative minimum taxes and state income taxes.

 

Six Months Ended March 31, 2017 Compared to Six Months Ended March 31, 2016

 

Service and Product Revenues

 

Revenues for the six months ended March 31, 2017 increased 22.5% to $12,533 as compared to $10,234 for the same period last fiscal year.

 

Our Service revenue increased 26.1% to $10,226 in the first six months of fiscal 2017 compared to $8,108 for the prior fiscal year period. Preclinical services revenues increased due to an overall increase in the number of studies from the prior year period. Other laboratory services revenues were positively impacted by higher discovery and pharmaceutical analysis revenues in fiscal 2017 versus the comparable period in fiscal 2016. Also, archive revenue added $237 to Other laboratory services revenue in fiscal 2017. Bioanalytical analysis revenues decreased due to fewer samples received and analyzed in fiscal 2017 in addition to a mix favoring method development and validation projects during this time period, which generate lower revenue but involve more dedicated resources.

 

   Six Months Ended
March 31,
         
   2017   2016   Change   % 
Bioanalytical analysis  $2,560   $3,029   $(469)   (15.5)%
Preclinical services   6,646    4,762    1,884    39.6%
Other laboratory services   1,020    317    703    221.8%
   $10,226   $8,108   $2,118      

 

Sales in our Product segment increased 8.5% in the first six months of fiscal 2017 from $2,126 to $2,307 when compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year. The majority of the increase is derived from improvement in instrument sales from our Culex automated in vivo sampling line and related consumables in the first six months of fiscal 2017.

 

   Six Months Ended
March 31,
         
   2017   2016   Change   % 
Culex, in-vivo sampling systems  $1,271   $932   $339    36.4%
Analytical instruments   621    753    (132)   (17.5)%
Other instruments   415    441    (26)   (5.9)%
   $2,307   $2,126   $181      

 

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Cost of Revenues

 

Cost of revenues for the first six months of fiscal 2017 was $8,631 or 68.9% of revenue, compared to $7,934, or 77.5% of revenue for the prior year period.

 

Cost of Service revenue as a percentage of Service revenue decreased to 71.3% during the first six months of fiscal 2017 from 82.1% in the comparable period last year. The principal cause of this decrease was the increase in revenues, which led to higher absorption of the fixed costs in our Service segment. A significant portion of our costs of productive capacity in the Service segment are fixed. Thus, increases in revenues led to decreases in costs as a percentage of revenue.

 

Cost of Product revenue as a percentage of Product revenue in the first six months of fiscal 2017 decreased to 57.9% from 60.2% in the comparable prior year period. This decrease is mainly due to a change in the mix of products sold in the first six months of fiscal 2017 as well as slightly higher material costs.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Selling expenses for the six months ended March 31, 2017 decreased 13.3% to $578 from $667 for the comparable fiscal 2016 period. This decrease is mainly due to lower salaries and benefits from the loss of sales employees plus lower consulting costs in fiscal 2017 compared to the same period in fiscal 2016, partially offset by higher commissions.

 

Research and development expenses for the first six months of fiscal 2017 decreased 25.9% over the comparable fiscal 2016 period to $214 from $289. The decrease was primarily due to lower utilization of outsourced professional engineering services plus lower salaries and benefits from the loss of an employee in fiscal 2016 who was not immediately replaced.

 

General and administrative expenses for the first six months of fiscal 2017 increased 15.3% to $2,461 from $2,135 for the comparable fiscal 2016 period. The principal reasons for the increase were the accrual for the severance for our former Chief Executive Officer in the first fiscal quarter as well as higher consulting services. These items were offset slightly by decreased spending for outside services and employee search costs.

 

Other Income (Expense)

 

Other expense for the first six months of fiscal 2017 increased to $208 from other income of $33 for the same period of fiscal 2016. The primary reason for the increase in expense is the change in the fair value of the warrant liability which expired in May 2016. Thus, no fair value changes were recorded in fiscal 2017. Also, interest expense increased $74 in the first six months of fiscal 2017 compared to the same period of fiscal 2016 due to the amortization of fees associated with our Fifth Forbearance arrangement.

 

Income Taxes

 

Our effective tax rate for the six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was 1.5% and (0.2)%, respectively. The current year expense primarily relates to alternative minimum taxes and state taxes.

 

Restructuring Activities

 

In March 2012, we announced a plan to restructure our bioanalytical laboratory operations. The restructuring plan included the closure of our facility and bioanalytical laboratory in Warwickshire, United Kingdom.

 

As part of the restructuring, we accrued for lease payments at the cease use date for our United Kingdom facility and have considered free rent, sublease rentals and the number of days it would take to restore the space to its original condition prior to our improvements. Based on these matters, we have a $1,000 reserve for lease related costs. Additionally, we accrued $117 for legal and professional fees and other costs to remove improvements previously made to the facility. At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, respectively, we have $1,117 reserved for the restructuring liability. The full restructuring reserve is classified as a current liability on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Recent Events

 

Please refer to the discussion above under “Recent Events” – “Credit Facility” regarding non-compliance with certain financial covenants of our credit facility. Please also refer to the disclosure under “ITEM 1A - RISK FACTORS” herein.

 

Comparative Cash Flow Analysis

 

At March 31, 2017, we had cash and cash equivalents of $419, compared to $386 at September 30, 2016.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $561 for the six months ended March 31, 2017 compared to cash used in operating activities of $126 for the six months ended March 31, 2016. The increase in cash provided by operating activities in the first six months of fiscal 2017 partially resulted from operating income versus an operating loss in the prior year period. Other contributing factors to our cash provided by operations in the first half of fiscal 2017 were noncash charges of $860 for depreciation and amortization, a net increase in customer advances of $649 and in accrued expenses of $198 as well as a net decrease in inventory of $334. These were partially offset by a net increase in accounts receivable of $997 and a net decrease in accounts payable of $962.

 

Days’ sales in accounts receivable increased to 46 days at March 31, 2017 from 40 days at September 30, 2016 due to increased invoicing, few extended collections from certain customers and a decrease in unbilled revenues. It is not unusual to see a fluctuation in the Company’s pattern of days’ sales in accounts receivable. Customers may expedite or delay payments from period-to-period for a variety of reasons including, but not limited to, the timing of capital raised to fund on-going research and development projects.

 

Included in operating activities for the first six months of 2016 are non-cash charges of $688 for depreciation and a net decrease in accounts receivable of $306 and in prepaid expenses of $388 as well as a net increase in accounts payable of $341. These items were partially offset by a decrease in accrued expenses of $406 and a decrease in customer advances of $334.

 

Investing activities used $152 in the first half of fiscal 2017 due to capital expenditures as compared to $632 in the first half months of fiscal 2016. The investing activity in the first quarter fiscal 2017 consisted of investments in building improvements as well as laboratory and IT equipment.

 

Financing activities used $376 in the first six months of fiscal 2017 as compared to $521 provided during the first six months of fiscal 2016. The main use of cash in the first half of fiscal 2017 was long-term debt and capital lease payments of $391 slightly offset by net borrowings on our line of credit of $60. In the first half of fiscal 2016, we had long-term debt and capital lease payments of $524, as well as net borrowings on our line of credit of $1,042.

 

Capital Resources

 

Credit Facility

 

On May 14, 2014, we entered into a Credit Agreement with Huntington Bank, which was subsequently amended on May 14, 2015 (“Agreement”). The Agreement includes both a term loan and a revolving loan and is secured by mortgages on our facilities in West Lafayette and Evansville, Indiana and liens on our personal property. As of December 31, 2015, we were not in compliance with certain financial covenants of the Agreement, and during fiscal 2016 and the first quarter of fiscal 2017 we operated either in default of, or under forbearance arrangements with respect to, the Agreement.

 

On April 27, 2016, the Company entered into a Forbearance Agreement and Second Amendment to Credit Agreement with Huntington Bank and on July 1, 2016, the Company entered into a Second Forbearance Agreement and Third Amendment to Credit Agreement with Huntington Bank. As of June 30, 2016, the Company was not in compliance with an additional financial covenant under the Second Forbearance Agreement, resulting in termination of the forbearance period thereunder. On September 30, 2016, the Company entered into a Third Forbearance Agreement and Fourth Amendment to Credit Agreement with Huntington Bank, on October 31, 2016, the Company entered into a Fourth Forbearance Agreement and Fifth Amendment to Credit Agreement and on January 31, 2017 the Company entered into a Fifth Forbearance Agreement and Sixth Amendment to Credit Agreement (“Fifth Forbearance Agreement”) with Huntington Bank. Subject to the conditions set forth in the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, Huntington Bank has agreed to continue to forbear from exercising its rights and remedies under the Agreement and from terminating the Company’s related swap agreement with respect to the Company’s non-compliance with applicable financial covenants under the Agreement and any further non-compliance with such covenants during a forbearance period ending July 31, 2017 and to continue to make advances under the Agreement.

 

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In exchange for Huntington Bank’s agreement to continue to forbear from exercising its rights and remedies under the Agreement, the Company has agreed to, among other things: (i) amend the maturity dates for the term and revolving loans under the Agreement to July 31, 2017, (ii) take commercially reasonable efforts to obtain funds sufficient to repay the indebtedness in full upon the expiration of the forbearance period, (iii) provide to Huntington Bank certain cash flow forecasts and other financial information, (iv) comply with a minimum cash flow covenant, (v) continue to engage the services of the Company’s financial consultant and cause the financial consultant to provide Huntington Bank such information regarding its efforts as Huntington Bank reasonably requests, and (vi) pay to Huntington Bank a forbearance fee in the amount of $227,000, $27,000 of which was paid at the execution of the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, with the remainder payable upon the first to occur of payment in full of the indebtedness under the Credit Agreement or July 14, 2017. Should the Company repay the indebtedness to Huntington Bank in full on or before July 14, 2017, the forbearance fee would be reduced by $100,000.

 

The Fifth Forbearance Agreement provides for immediate termination of the forbearance period upon the occurrence of, among other events, the failure of the Company to perform, observe or comply with the terms of the Fifth Forbearance Agreement. The available remedies in the event of a default by the Company include among others, the ability to accelerate and immediately demand payment of the outstanding debt under our term loan and revolving loan, to exercise on the security interest, to take possession of or sell the underlying collateral, to refrain from making additional advances under the revolving loan, to increase interest accruing on the debt by five percent (5%) per annum over the otherwise applicable rate effective after receipt of written notice from Huntington Bank, and to terminate our interest rate swap.

 

The term loan bears interest at LIBOR plus 325 basis points with monthly principal payments of approximately $65 plus interest. We have made all required principal payments on the term loan. The balance on the term loan at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016 was $3,339 and $3,666, respectively. The revolving loan for $2,000 bears interest at LIBOR plus 300 basis points with interest paid monthly. The revolving loan also carries a facility fee of .25%, paid quarterly, for the unused portion of the revolving loan. The revolving loan includes an annual clean-up provision that requires the Company to maintain a balance of not more than 20% of the maximum loan of $2,000 for a period of 30 days in any 12 month period while the revolving loan is outstanding. We were not in compliance with this requirement as of December 31, 2016. On February 13, 2017, Huntington Bank waived our noncompliance with the clean-up provision, together with all other defaults or events of default directly resulting solely on account of the non-compliance with the clean-up provision, the Company’s failure to timely report the non-compliance and the Company’s representation of compliance with the Agreement notwithstanding the non-compliance. Huntington Bank also waived the Company’s further compliance with the clean-up provision through the period ending July 31, 2017. The revolving loan balance was $1,419 and $1,358 at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, respectively.

 

Were Huntington Bank to demand payment of the outstanding debt (whether at or, in the case of a default of the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, prior to the scheduled maturity of the loans on July 31, 2017), we would currently have insufficient funds to satisfy that obligation, and the bank’s exercise of alternative remedies could also have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial condition. As an example, in recent periods we have drawn on our revolving facility to supplement cash from operations. Should cash from operating activities remain insufficient to cover expenses and if Huntington Bank determines to refrain from making additional advances under the revolving facility, we may not have the requisite funds to continue operations.

 

We entered into an interest rate swap agreement with respect to the above loans to fix the interest rate with respect to 60% of the value of the term loan at approximately 5.0%. We entered into this derivative transaction to hedge interest rate risk of the related debt obligation and not to speculate on interest rates. The changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap are recorded in AOCI to the extent effective. We assess on an ongoing basis whether the derivative that is used in the hedging transaction is highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flows of the hedged debt. The terms of the interest rate swaps match the terms of the underlying debt resulting in no ineffectiveness.

 

We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to complete initiatives to refinance our indebtedness or otherwise resolve our liquidity issues. If we are unable to execute on our initiatives, we may have insufficient funds to both satisfy our debt obligations and operate our business.

 

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Critical Accounting Policies

 

“Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” discuss the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Preparation of these financial statements requires management to make judgments and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Certain significant accounting policies applied in the preparation of the financial statements require management to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments, and are considered critical accounting policies. We have identified the following areas as critical accounting policies.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The majority of our Bioanalytical and analytical research service contracts involve the development of analytical methods and the processing of bioanalytical samples for pharmaceutical companies and generally provide for a fixed fee for each sample processed. Revenue is recognized under the specific performance method of accounting and the related direct costs are recognized when services are performed. Our preclinical research service contracts generally consist of preclinical studies, and revenue is recognized under the proportional performance method of accounting. Revisions in profit estimates, if any, are reflected on a cumulative basis in the period in which such revisions become known. The establishment of contract prices and total contract costs involves estimates we make at the inception of the contract. These estimates could change during the term of the contract and impact the revenue and costs reported in the consolidated financial statements. Revisions to estimates have generally not been material. Research service contract fees received upon acceptance are deferred until earned, and classified within customer advances. Unbilled revenues represent revenues earned under contracts in advance of billings. Our bioanalytical and preclinical research services contracts also contain charges for data storage (archive) services. Archive revenues include charges for related service activities, which include: (1) the handling of records, including the addition of new records, retrieval and temporary removal of records from storage, refiling of removed records and the secure destruction of records; (2) courier operations, consisting primarily of the pickup and delivery of records upon customer request; (3) secure shredding of sensitive documents; (4) other services, including the scanning, imaging and document conversion services of active and inactive records, which relate to physical and digital records; (5) customer termination and permanent removal fees; and (6) the secure storage of records in a designated limited-access location that is environmentally monitired.

 

Beginning in calendar year 2017, we began to recognize archive revenue when the following criteria are met: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) services have been rendered; (3) the invoice price is fixed or determinable; and (4) collectability of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. Archiving revenues are recognized in the month the service is provided, and customers are generally billed on a monthly basis on contractually agreed-upon terms. Amounts related to future archiving or prepaid archiving contracts for customers where archiving fees are billed in advance are accounted for as deferred revenue and recognized ratably over the period the applicable archive service is performed. For archiving revenues that were billed for services rendered prior to 2017, the revenue is recognized when the invoice is paid by the customer.

 

Product revenue from sales of equipment not requiring installation, testing or training is recognized upon shipment to customers. One product includes internally developed software and requires installation, testing and training, which occur concurrently. Revenue from these sales is recognized upon completion of the installation, testing and training when the services are bundled with the equipment sale.

 

Long-Lived Assets, Including Goodwill

 

Long-lived assets, such as property and equipment, and purchased intangibles subject to amortization, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset.

 

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We carry goodwill at cost. Other intangible assets with definite lives are stated at cost and are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. All intangible assets acquired that are obtained through contractual or legal right, or are capable of being separately sold, transferred, licensed, rented, or exchanged, are recognized as an asset apart from goodwill. Goodwill is not amortized.

 

Goodwill is tested annually for impairment and more frequently if events and circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. First, we can assess qualitative factors in determining whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. Then, we follow a two-step quantitative process. In the first step, we compare the fair value of each reporting unit, as computed primarily by present value cash flow calculations, to its book carrying value, including goodwill. We do not believe that market value is indicative of the true fair value of the Company mainly due to average daily trading volumes of less than 1%. If the fair value exceeds the carrying value, no further work is required and no impairment loss is recognized. If the carrying value exceeds the fair value, the goodwill of the reporting unit is potentially impaired and we would then complete step 2 in order to measure the impairment loss. In step 2, the implied fair value is compared to the carrying amount of the goodwill. If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than the carrying value of goodwill, we would recognize an impairment loss equal to the difference. The implied fair value is calculated by allocating the fair value of the reporting unit (as determined in step 1) to all of its assets and liabilities (including unrecognized intangible assets) and any excess in fair value that is not assigned to the assets and liabilities is the implied fair value of goodwill.

 

The discount rate, gross margin and sales growth rates are the two material assumptions utilized in our calculations of the present value cash flows used to estimate the fair value of the reporting units when performing the annual goodwill impairment test. Our reporting unit with goodwill at March 31, 2017 is preclinical services which is included in our Services segment, based on the discrete financial information available which is reviewed by management. We utilize a cash flow approach in estimating the fair value of the reporting units, where the discount rate reflects a weighted average cost of capital rate. The cash flow model used to derive fair value is sensitive to the discount rate and sales growth assumptions used.

 

Considerable management judgment is necessary to evaluate the impact of operating and macroeconomic changes and to estimate future cash flows. Assumptions used in our impairment evaluations, such as forecasted sales growth rates and our cost of capital or discount rate, are based on the best available market information. Changes in these estimates or a continued decline in general economic conditions could change our conclusion regarding an impairment of goodwill and potentially result in a non-cash impairment loss in a future period. The assumptions used in our impairment testing could be adversely affected by certain of the risks discussed in “Risk Factors” in Item 1A contained herein and in our 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016. There have been no significant events since the timing of our impairment tests that have triggered additional impairment testing. At March 31, 2017, remaining recorded goodwill was $38.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

We recognize the cost resulting from all share-based payment transactions in our financial statements using a fair-value-based method. We measure compensation cost for all share-based awards based on estimated fair values and recognize compensation over the vesting period for awards. We recognized stock-based compensation related to stock options of $(3) and $14 during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Similarly, we recognized stock-based compensation expense related to stock options of $7 and $29 during the six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

We use the binomial option valuation model to determine the grant date fair value. The determination of fair value is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding subjective and complex variables such as expected employee exercise behavior and our expected stock price volatility over the term of the award. Generally, our assumptions are based on historical information and judgment is required to determine if historical trends may be indicators of future outcomes. We estimated the following key assumptions for the binomial valuation calculation:

 

Risk-free interest rate. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury yields in effect at the time of grant for the expected term of the option.

 

Expected volatility. We use our historical stock price volatility on our common stock for our expected volatility assumption.

 

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Expected term. The expected term represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding. The expected term is determined based on historical exercise behavior, post-vesting termination patterns, options outstanding and future expected exercise behavior.

 

Expected dividends. We assumed that we will pay no dividends.

 

Employee stock-based compensation expense recognized in the first three and six months of fiscal 2017 and 2016 was calculated based on awards ultimately expected to vest and has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. Forfeitures are revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates and an adjustment will be recognized at that time.

 

Income Taxes

 

As described in Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, we use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes.  We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. We measure deferred tax assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. We recognize the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates in income in the period that includes the enactment date. We record valuation allowances based on a determination of the expected realization of tax assets.

 

We recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination based on the technical merits of the position. We measure the amount of the accrual for which an exposure exists as the largest amount of benefit determined on a cumulative probability basis that we believe is more likely than not to be realized upon ultimate settlement of the position.

 

We record interest and penalties accrued in relation to uncertain income tax positions as a component of income tax expense. Any changes in the accrued liability for uncertain tax positions would impact our effective tax rate. Over the next twelve months we do not anticipate changes to the carrying value of our reserve.  Interest and penalties are included in the reserve.

 

As of March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, we had a $16 liability for uncertain income tax positions.

 

We file income tax returns in the U.S. and several U.S. states. We remain subject to examination by taxing authorities in the jurisdictions in which we have filed returns for years after 2011.

 

We have an accumulated net deficit in our UK subsidiary. With the closure of the UK facility, we no longer have any filing obligations in the UK. Consequently, the related deferred tax asset on such losses and related valuation allowance on the UK subsidiary have been removed.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) cost method of accounting. We evaluate inventories on a regular basis to identify inventory on hand that may be obsolete or in excess of current and future projected market demand. For inventory deemed to be obsolete, we provide a reserve for this inventory. Inventory that is in excess of current and projected use is reduced by an allowance to a level that approximates the estimate of future demand.

 

Fair Value of Warrant Liability

 

In May 2011, we issued Class A and B Warrants that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. We recorded these warrants as a liability determining the fair value at inception on May 11, 2011. Subsequent quarterly fair value measurements, using the Black Scholes model which is considered a level 2 fair value measurement, were calculated with fair value changes charged to the statement of operations and comprehensive income (loss). Class B Warrants expired in May 2012 and the liability was reduced to zero. Class A Warrants expired in May 2016 and the liability was reduced to zero. The fair value of the warrants exercised was $854. The following table sets forth the changes in the fair value of the warrant liability for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016:

 

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           Change in 
   Fair Value per Share   Fair Value in $$   Fair Value 
Evaluation Date  Warrant A   Warrant B   Warrant A   Warrant B   Total   (Income) Expense 
9/30/2015   0.236    -    189    -    189    (134)
12/31/2015   0.124    -    100    -    100    (89)
03/31/2016   0.025    -    21    -    21    (79)
06/30/2016   -    -    -    -    -    (21)

 

Interest Rate Swap

 

The Company uses an interest rate swap designated as a cash flow hedge to fix the interest rate on 60% of the Huntington debt due to changes in interest rates. The changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap are recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“AOCI”) to the extent effective. We assess on an ongoing basis whether the derivative that is used in the hedging transaction is highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flows of the hedged debt. The terms of the interest rate swaps match the terms of the underlying debt resulting in no ineffectiveness. When we determine that a derivative is not highly effective as a hedge, hedge accounting is discontinued and we reclassify gains or losses that were accumulated in AOCI to other income (expense), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).

 

Building Lease

 

The Lease Agreement with Cook Biotech, Inc. for a portion of the Company’s headquarters facility is recorded as an operating lease with the escalating rents being recognized on a straight-line basis once the Tenant took full possession of the space on May 1, 2015 through the end of the lease on December 31, 2024. The straight line rents of $53 per month are recorded as a reduction to general and administrative expenses on the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) and other accounts receivable on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The cash rent received is recorded in other accounts receivable on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The variance between the straight line rents recognized and the actual cash rents received will net to zero by the end of the agreement on December 31, 2024.

 

ITEM 3 – QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

A smaller reporting company is not required to provide the information required by this Item 3.

 

ITEM 4 - CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information, which is required to be disclosed timely, is accumulated and communicated to management in a timely fashion. In designing and evaluating such controls and procedures, we recognize that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. Our management is necessarily required to use judgment in evaluating controls and procedures.

 

Management performs periodic evaluations to determine if our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is accumulated and communicated to management, including our acting principal executive officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and are effective to provide reasonable assurance that such information is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the SEC’s rules and forms. An evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report was performed under the supervision and with the participation of management, which resulted in a determination by our acting principal executive officer and Chief Financial Officer that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2017.

 

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Changes in Internal Controls

 

There have been no other changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of March 31, 2017, that have materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II

 

ITEM 1A - RISK FACTORS

 

Before investing in our securities you should carefully consider the risks described below and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2016, including those under the heading “Risk Factors” appearing in Item 1A of Part I of the Form 10-K, as well as other information contained in this Quarterly Report. Realization of any of these risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.

 

We are currently operating under a Forbearance Agreement with Huntington Bank.

 

During recent periods we have operated either in default of, or under forbearance arrangements with respect to, our credit agreements with Huntington Bank, as more fully described under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources – Credit Facility.” Effective January 31, 2017, we entered into the Fifth Forbearance Agreement with Huntington Bank. Pursuant to the Fifth Forbearance Agreement, Huntington Bank agreed to forbear from exercising its rights and remedies under the Company’s credit facility and from terminating the Company’s related swap agreement with respect to the Company’s non-compliance with applicable financial covenants under the credit agreement and any further non-compliance with such covenants until July 31, 2017. If we are unable to refinance our indebtedness before the end of the forbearance period, and were Huntington Bank to demand payment on the outstanding debt under our credit arrangements, we would have insufficient funds to satisfy that obligation. In such case, in addition to the ability to immediately demand payment of the outstanding debt under our term loan and revolving loan, Huntington Bank would have the right to exercise its security interest, to take possession of or sell the underlying collateral, to increase interest accruing on the debt, to refrain from making additional advances under the revolving loan, and to terminate our interest rate swap. The bank’s exercise of any of these alternative remedies could also have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial condition. As an example, in recent periods we have drawn on our revolving facility to supplement cash from operations. Should cash from operating activities remain insufficient to cover expenses and if Huntington Bank determines to refrain from making additional advances under the revolving facility, we may not have the requisite funds to continue operations.

 

We cannot provide assurance that we will be able to complete initiatives to refinance our indebtedness or otherwise resolve our liquidity issues. If we are unable to execute on our initiatives, we may have insufficient funds to both satisfy our debt obligations and operate our business.

 

ITEM 6 - EXHIBITS

 

(a)Exhibits:

 

See the Exhibit Index to this Form 10-Q, which is incorporated herein by reference.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized:

 

  BIOANALYTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
  (Registrant)
   
Date:   May 15, 2017 By: /s/ Philip A. Downing
  Philip A. Downing
  Vice President, Preclinical Services (Acting Principal Executive Officer)
   
 Date:   May 15, 2017 By: /s/ Jill C. Blumhoff
  Jill C. Blumhoff
  Chief Financial Officer and Vice President of Finance (Principal Financial Officer and Accounting Officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Number       Description of Exhibits
         
(10)   10.1   Settlement Agreement and Release of All Claims, by and between Bioanalytical Systems, Inc. and Jacqueline M. Lemke (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K filed January 17, 2017).
         
    10.2   Fifth Forbearance Agreement and Sixth Amendment to Credit Agreement between Bioanalytical Systems, Inc. and The Huntington Bank, effective January 31, 2017 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K filed February 1, 2017).
         
(31)   31.1  

Certification of Acting Principal Executive Officer (filed herewith).

         
    31.2  

Certification of Chief Financial Officer (filed herewith).

         
(32)   32.1   Written Statement of Acting Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. Section 1350) (filed herewith)..
         
    32.2   Written Statement of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. Section 1350) (filed herewith)..
         
    101   XBRL data file (filed herewith).

 

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