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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - Empire State Realty OP, L.P.exhibit322esrop3-31x17.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Empire State Realty OP, L.P.exhibit321esrop3-31x17.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Empire State Realty OP, L.P.exhibit312esrop3-31x17.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Empire State Realty OP, L.P.exhibit311esrop3-31x17.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2017
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to            
Commission File Number: 001-36106
EMPIRE STATE REALTY OP, L.P.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)  
Delaware
 
45-4685158
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

111 West 33rd Street, 12th Floor
New York, New York 10120
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(212) 687-8700
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x     No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer   x
 
Accelerated filer  o
Non-accelerated filer  o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company  o
 
 
Emerging growth company  o

 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o  No  x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
As of April 27, 2017, there were 34,901,850 units of the Registrant Series ES operating partnership units outstanding, 9,438,950 units of the Series 60 operating partnership units outstanding, and 4,587,543 units of the Series 250 operating partnership units outstanding.


 
 




 
EMPIRE STATE REALTY OP, L.P.
 
 
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2017
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
PART 1.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2017 (unaudited) and December 31, 2016
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2017 (unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (unaudited)
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
 
 
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
 
 
ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
 
 
ITEM 5.
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS
 
 
 
SIGNATURES









1





ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Empire State Realty OP, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(amounts in thousands, except unit and per unit amounts)
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
ASSETS
(unaudited)
 
 
Commercial real estate properties, at cost:
 
 
 
Land
$
201,196

 
$
201,196

Development costs
7,977

 
7,951

Building and improvements
2,292,363

 
2,249,482

 
2,501,536

 
2,458,629

Less: accumulated depreciation
(581,703
)
 
(556,546
)
Commercial real estate properties, net
1,919,833

 
1,902,083

Cash and cash equivalents
532,442

 
554,371

Restricted cash
62,464

 
61,514

Tenant and other receivables, net of allowance of $3,994 and $3,333 in 2017 and 2016, respectively
20,580

 
22,542

Deferred rent receivables, net of allowance of $264 and $390 in 2017 and 2016, respectively
158,005

 
152,074

Prepaid expenses and other assets
36,815

 
53,749

Deferred costs, net
270,456

 
277,081

Acquired below-market ground leases, net
374,102

 
376,060

Goodwill
491,479

 
491,479

Total assets
$
3,866,176

 
$
3,890,953

LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Mortgage notes payable, net
$
754,548

 
$
759,016

Senior unsecured notes, net
591,232

 
590,388

Unsecured term loan facility, net
263,019

 
262,927

Unsecured revolving credit facility

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
125,910

 
134,064

Acquired below-market leases, net
78,246

 
82,300

Deferred revenue and other liabilities
31,097

 
32,212

Tenants’ security deposits
47,198

 
47,183

Total liabilities
1,891,250

 
1,908,090

Commitments and contingencies


 


Capital:
 
 
 
Private perpetual preferred units, $16.62 per unit liquidation preference, 1,560,360 issued and outstanding in 2017 and 2016
8,004

 
8,004

Series PR operating partnership units:
 
 
 
ESRT partner's capital (3,003,679 and 2,990,931 general partner operating partnership units and 154,780,912 and 152,849,546 limited partner operating partnership units outstanding in 2017 and 2016, respectively)
1,156,273

 
1,154,136

Limited partners' interests (93,469,127 and 93,075,441 limited partner operating partnership units outstanding in 2017 and 2016, respectively)
785,623

 
793,360

Series ES operating partnership units (35,061,538 and 35,729,094 limited partner operating partnership units outstanding in 2017 and 2016, respectively)
18,465

 
20,091

Series 60 operating partnership units (9,456,808 and 9,701,402 limited partner operating partnership units outstanding in 2017 and 2016, respectively)
4,408

 
4,880

Series 250 operating partnership units (4,595,861 and 4,746,661 limited partner operating partnership units outstanding in 2017 and 2016, respectively)
2,153

 
2,392

Total capital
1,974,926

 
1,982,863

  Total liabilities and capital
$
3,866,176

 
$
3,890,953

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements

2



Empire State Realty OP, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(unaudited)
(amounts in thousands, except per unit amounts)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues:
 
 
 
Rental revenue
$
117,113

 
$
114,908

Tenant expense reimbursement
15,974

 
18,120

Observatory revenue
20,940

 
21,181

Third-party management and other fees
351

 
545

Other revenue and fees
10,576

 
2,320

Total revenues
164,954

 
157,074

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
42,210

 
39,104

Ground rent expenses
2,331

 
2,333

General and administrative expenses
11,088

 
10,918

Observatory expenses
7,255

 
7,755

Real estate taxes
24,558

 
23,525

Acquisition expenses

 
98

Depreciation and amortization
40,846

 
39,227

Total operating expenses
128,288

 
122,960

Total operating income
36,666

 
34,114

Other expense:
 
 
 
Interest expense
(17,742
)
 
(17,951
)
Loss from derivative financial instruments
(247
)
 

Income before income taxes
18,677

 
16,163

Income tax benefit
468

 
542

Net income
19,145

 
16,705

Private perpetual preferred unit distributions
(234
)
 
(234
)
Net income attributable to common unitholders
$
18,911

 
$
16,471

 
 
 
 
Total weighted average units:
 
 
 
Basic
296,388

 
266,134

Diluted
297,962

 
266,134

 
 
 
 
Earnings per unit attributable to common unitholders:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.06

 
$
0.06

Diluted
$
0.06

 
$
0.06

 

 

Dividends per unit
$
0.105

 
$
0.085


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements


3



Empire State Realty OP, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(unaudited)
(amounts in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Net income
$
19,145

 
$
16,705

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Change in unrealized gain (loss) on valuation of interest rate swap agreements
1,394

 
(19,371
)
     Other comprehensive income (loss)
1,394

 
(19,371
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
$
20,539

 
$
(2,666
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements


4




Empire State Realty OP, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Capital
For The Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
(unaudited)
(amounts in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
Series PR Operating Partnership Units
 
Series ES Operating Partnership Units Limited Partners
 
Series 60 Operating Partnership Units Limited Partners
 
Series 250 Operating Partnership Units Limited Partners
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General Partner
 
Limited Partners
 
 
 
 
 
 
Private Perpetual Preferred Units
 
Private Perpetual Preferred Unitholders
 
Operating Partnership Units
 
Operating Partnership Unitholders
 
Operating Partnership Units
 
Operating Partnership Unitholders
 
Operating Partnership Units
 
Operating Partnership Unitholders
 
Operating Partnership Units
 
Operating Partnership Unitholders
 
Operating Partnership Units
 
Operating Partnership Unitholders
 
Total Capital
Balance at December 31, 2016
1,560

 
$
8,004

 
155,841

 
$
1,154,136

 
93,075

 
$
793,360

 
35,728

 
$
20,091

 
9,701

 
$
4,880

 
4,747

 
$
2,392

 
$
1,982,863

Conversion of operating partnership units to ESRT Partner's Capital


 

 
1,915

 
7,809

 
(851
)
 
(7,247
)
 
(667
)
 
(368
)
 
(245
)
 
(120
)
 
(152
)
 
(74
)
 

Equity compensation

 

 
28

 
89

 
1,245

 
3,065

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,154

Distributions

 
(234
)
 

 
(16,482
)
 

 
(9,728
)
 

 
(3,694
)
 

 
(1,002
)
 

 
(490
)
 
(31,630
)
Net income

 
234

 

 
9,985

 

 
5,749

 

 
2,269

 

 
605

 

 
303

 
19,145

Unrealized gain on valuation of interest rate swap agreements

 

 

 
736

 

 
424

 

 
167

 

 
45

 

 
22

 
1,394

Balance at March 31, 2017
1,560

 
$
8,004

 
157,784

 
$
1,156,273

 
93,469

 
$
785,623

 
35,061

 
$
18,465

 
9,456

 
$
4,408

 
4,595

 
$
2,153

 
$
1,974,926




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements


5




Empire State Realty OP, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
(amounts in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash Flows From Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
19,145

 
$
16,705

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
40,846

 
39,227

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt premiums and discount
225

 
220

Amortization of acquired above- and below-market leases, net
(1,428
)
 
(4,231
)
Amortization of acquired below-market ground leases
1,958

 
1,957

Straight-lining of rental revenue
(5,931
)
 
(5,081
)
Equity based compensation
3,154

 
2,097

Unrealized loss from derivative financial instruments
104

 

Increase (decrease) in cash flows due to changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Restricted cash
(879
)
 
1,474

Tenant and other receivables
1,963

 
3,954

Deferred leasing costs
(7,733
)
 
(6,335
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
17,867

 
20,553

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(8,141
)
 
(6,415
)
Deferred revenue and other liabilities
(1,115
)
 
(4,586
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
60,035

 
59,539

Cash Flows From Investing Activities
 
 
 
Decrease (increase) in restricted cash for investing activities
(56
)
 
5,081

Development costs
(26
)
 
(433
)
Additions to building and improvements
(47,040
)
 
(28,752
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(47,122
)
 
(24,104
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements






















6





Empire State Realty OP, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (continued)
(unaudited)
(amounts in thousands)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash Flows From Financing Activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from mortgage notes payable

 
50,000

Repayment of mortgage notes payable
(3,167
)
 
(23,252
)
Repayments of unsecured revolving credit facility

 
(40,000
)
Deferred financing costs
(45
)
 
(1,286
)
Distributions
(31,630
)
 
(23,142
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(34,842
)
 
(37,680
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(21,929
)
 
(2,245
)
Cash and cash equivalents—beginning of period
554,371

 
46,685

Cash and cash equivalents—end of period
$
532,442

 
$
44,440

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
19,073

 
$
18,909

Cash paid for income taxes
$
507

 
$
657

 
 
 
 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Building and improvements included in accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
67,614

 
$
45,594

Derivative instruments at fair values included in prepaid expenses and other assets
1,547

 

Derivative instruments at fair values included in accounts payable and accrued expenses
5,234

 
19,371

Conversion of limited partners' operating partnership units to ESRT partner's capital

7,809

 
6,863


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements

7





Empire State Realty OP, L.P.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
1. Description of Business and Organization
As used in these condensed consolidated financial statements, unless the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” "our," and the "company,” mean Empire State Realty OP, L.P. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Empire State Realty OP, L.P. (the "Operating Partnership") is the entity through which Empire State Realty Trust, Inc. (“ESRT”), a self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust ("REIT"), conducts all of its business and owns (either directly or through subsidiaries) substantially all of its assets. We own, manage, operate, acquire and reposition office and retail properties in Manhattan and the greater New York metropolitan area. As of March 31, 2017, our total portfolio contained 10.1 million rentable square feet of office and retail space. We owned 14 office properties (including three long-term ground leasehold interests) encompassing approximately 9.4 million rentable square feet of office space. Nine of these properties are located in the midtown Manhattan market and aggregate approximately 7.6 million rentable square feet of office space, including the Empire State Building. Our Manhattan office properties also contain an aggregate of 504,016 rentable square feet of retail space on their ground floor and/or contiguous levels. Our remaining five office properties are located in Fairfield County, Connecticut and Westchester County, New York, encompassing in the aggregate approximately 1.9 million rentable square feet. The majority of square footage for these five properties is located in densely populated metropolitan communities with immediate access to mass transportation. Additionally, we have entitled land at the Stamford Transportation Center in Stamford, Connecticut, adjacent to one of our office properties, that will support the development of an approximately 380,000 rentable square foot office building and garage, which we refer to herein as Metro Tower. As of March 31, 2017, our portfolio included four standalone retail properties located in Manhattan and two standalone retail properties located in the city center of Westport, Connecticut, encompassing 204,452 rentable square feet in the aggregate.
We were organized as a Delaware limited partnership on November 28, 2011 and operations commenced upon completion of the initial public offering of ESRT’s Class A common stock and related formation transactions on October 7, 2013. ESRT, as the sole general partner in our company, has responsibility and discretion in the management and control of our company, and our limited partners, in such capacity, have no authority to transact business for, or participate in the management activities, of our company. As of March 31, 2017, ESRT owned approximately 52.5% of our operating partnership units.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no material changes to the summary of significant accounting policies included in the section entitled "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" in our December 31, 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Basis of Quarterly Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), for interim financial information, and with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted in accordance with such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments and eliminations (including intercompany balances and transactions), consisting of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for the fair presentation of the financial statements have been included.
    The results of operations for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the corresponding full years. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and accompanying notes included in the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016 contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. We do not consider our business to be subject to material seasonal fluctuations, except that our observatory business is subject to tourism seasonality. During the past ten years, approximately 16.0% to 18.0% of our annual observatory revenue was realized in the first quarter, 26.0% to 28.0% was realized in the second quarter, 31.0% to 33.0% was realized in the third quarter and 23.0% to 25.0% was realized in the fourth quarter.
We consolidate entities in which we have a controlling financial interest.  In determining whether we have a controlling financial interest in a partially owned entity and the requirement to consolidate the accounts of that entity, we

8



consider factors such as ownership interest, board representation, management representation, authority to make decisions, and contractual and substantive participating rights of the partners/members as well as whether the entity is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) and we are the primary beneficiary.  The primary beneficiary of a VIE is the entity that has (i) the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entity's economic performance and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could be significant to the VIE. The primary beneficiary is required to consolidate the VIE. We had no VIEs as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016.
We will assess the accounting treatment for each investment we may have in the future. This assessment will include a review of each entity’s organizational agreement to determine which party has what rights and whether those rights are protective or participating. For all VIEs, we will review such agreements in order to determine which party has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and benefit. In situations where we or our partner could approve, among other things, the annual budget, or leases that cover more than a nominal amount of space relative to the total rentable space at each property, we would not consolidate the investment as we consider these to be substantive participation rights that result in shared power of the activities that would most significantly impact the performance and benefit of such joint venture investment.
A non-controlling interest in a consolidated subsidiary is defined as the portion of the equity (net assets) in a subsidiary not attributable, directly or indirectly, to a parent. Non-controlling interests are required to be presented as a separate component of equity in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and in the condensed consolidated statements of income by requiring earnings and other comprehensive income to be attributed to controlling and non-controlling interests.
Accounting Estimates
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to use estimates and assumptions that in certain circumstances affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include allocation of the purchase price of acquired real estate properties among tangible and intangible assets, determination of the useful life of real estate properties and other long-lived assets, valuation and impairment analysis of commercial real estate properties and other long-lived assets, estimate of tenant expense reimbursements, valuation of the allowance for doubtful accounts, and valuation of derivative instruments, senior unsecured notes, mortgage notes payable, unsecured term loan and revolving credit facilities, and equity based compensation. These estimates are prepared using management’s best judgment, after considering past, current, and expected events and economic conditions. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recently Issued or Adopted Accounting Standards
During January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which contain amendments that modify the concept of impairment from the condition that exists when the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value to the condition that exists when the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value. An entity no longer will determine goodwill impairment by calculating the implied fair value of goodwill by assigning the fair value of a reporting unit to all of its assets and liabilities as if that reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination. Because these amendments eliminate Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, they should reduce the cost and complexity of evaluating goodwill for impairment. ASU No. 2017-04 should be applied on a prospective basis and the amendments adopted for the annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. We are evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on our consolidated financial statements.
During January 2017, the FASB also issued ASU No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which contain amendments to clarify the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The amendments in ASU No. 2017-01 provide a screen to determine when an integrated set of assets and activities (collectively referred to as a “set”) is not a business. The screen requires that when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the set is not a business. This screen reduces the number of transactions that need to be further evaluated. Real estate acquisitions that do not meet the definition of a business will be accounted for as asset acquisitions and the corresponding acquisition costs will be capitalized rather than expensed. These amendments narrow the definition of the term output so that

9



the term is consistent with how outputs are described in Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU No. 2017-01 will be effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. The amendments should be applied prospectively on or after the effective date. No disclosures are required at transition. We are evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on our consolidated financial statements.
During November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which contain amendments that require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. ASU No. 2016-18 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The amendments should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. We are evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on our consolidated financial statements.
During August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU No. 2016-15 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier adoption is permitted including adoption in an interim period. We are evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on our consolidated financial statements.
During June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which contains amendments that replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. ASU No. 2016-13 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier adoption as of the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, is permitted. The amendments must be adopted through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is effective (that is, a modified retrospective approach). We are evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on our consolidated financial statements.
During February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires that a lessee recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. ASU No. 2016-02 leaves the accounting for leases by lessors largely unchanged from previous GAAP. ASU No. 2016-02 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and subsequent interim periods. The new standard must be adopted using a modified retrospective transition, and provides for certain practical expedients. Transition will require application of the new guidance at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented. This ASU is expected to result in the recognition of a right-to-use asset and related liability to account for our future obligations under our ground lease agreements for which we are the lessee. As of March 31, 2017, the remaining contractual payments under our ground lease agreements aggregated $62.4 million. In addition, under ASU 2016-02, lessors may only capitalize incremental direct leasing costs. As a result, we expect that we will no longer capitalize our internal leasing costs and instead will expense these costs as incurred. These costs totaled $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. We continue to evaluate the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on our consolidated financial statements.
During May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which will replace all current GAAP guidance related to revenue recognition and eliminate all industry-specific guidance. The new revenue recognition standard provides a unified model to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The core principle is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This guidance can be applied either retrospectively to each period presented or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. ASU No. 2014-09 was amended in August 2015 by ASU No. 2015-14 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date of ASU No. 2014-09 for all entities by one year. Public business entities, certain not-for-profit entities, and certain employee benefit plans should apply the guidance in ASU No. 2014-09 to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. Earlier application is permitted only as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. ASU No. 2014-09 was further amended in December 2016 by ASU No. 2016-20 Technical

10



Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers which contain amendments that are intended to clarify or correct unintended application of the guidance. Those items generally are not expected to have a significant effect on current accounting practice or create a significant administrative cost for most entities. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments are the same as the effective date and transition requirements for Topic 606. Our initial analysis of this ASU indicates that it will not have a material effect on our observatory revenue and third party management and other fee revenue in our consolidated financial statements. We are still in the process of evaluating this new accounting standard as it relates to our rental revenue and tenant expense reimbursements.
3. Deferred Costs, Acquired Lease Intangibles and Goodwill
Deferred costs, net, consisted of the following as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (amounts in thousands):  

 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Leasing costs
$
143,245

 
$
140,325

Acquired in-place lease value and deferred leasing costs
252,441

 
253,113

Acquired above-market leases
74,623

 
74,770

 
470,309

 
468,208

Less: accumulated amortization
(203,804
)
 
(195,617
)
Total deferred costs, net, excluding net deferred financing costs
$
266,505

 
$
272,591

At March 31, 2017, $4.0 million of net deferred financing costs associated with the unsecured revolving credit facility was included in deferred costs, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Amortization expense related to deferred leasing costs and acquired deferred leasing costs was $6.2 million and $5.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Amortization expense related to acquired lease intangibles was $4.4 million and $7.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Amortizing acquired intangible assets and liabilities consisted of the following as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (amounts in thousands):
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Acquired below-market ground leases
$
396,916

 
$
396,916

Less: accumulated amortization
(22,814
)
 
(20,856
)
Acquired below-market ground leases, net
$
374,102

 
$
376,060

 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Acquired below-market leases
$
(134,975
)
 
$
(135,026
)
Less: accumulated amortization
56,729

 
52,726

Acquired below-market leases, net
$
(78,246
)
 
$
(82,300
)
    
Rental revenue related to the amortization of below-market leases, net of above-market leases, was $1.4 million and $4.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
As of March 31, 2017, we had goodwill of $491.5 million. Goodwill was allocated $227.5 million to the observatory reportable segment and $264.0 million to the real estate segment.








11



4. Debt
Debt consisted of the following as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (amounts in thousands):
 
 
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2017
 
 
Principal Balance as of March 31, 2017
 
Principal Balance as
of December 31, 2016
 
Stated
Rate
 
Effective
Rate
(1)
 
Maturity
Date
(2)
 
Mortgage debt collateralized by:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed rate mortgage debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10 Bank Street
$
31,370

 
$
31,544

 
5.72
%
 
6.23
%
 
6/1/2017
 
1542 Third Avenue
17,680

 
17,795

 
5.90
%
 
6.53
%
 
6/1/2017
 
First Stamford Place
234,053

 
235,067

 
5.65
%
 
6.09
%
 
7/5/2017
 
1010 Third Avenue and 77 West 55th Street
26,357

 
26,502

 
5.69
%
 
6.40
%
 
7/5/2017
 
383 Main Avenue
28,494

 
28,654

 
5.59
%
 
6.05
%
 
7/5/2017
 
1333 Broadway
67,399

 
67,656

 
6.32
%
 
3.77
%
 
1/5/2018
 
1400 Broadway
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(first lien mortgage loan)
67,450

 
67,714

 
6.12
%
 
3.39
%
 
2/5/2018
 
(second lien mortgage loan)
9,335

 
9,389

 
3.35
%
 
3.36
%
 
2/5/2018
 
112 West 34th Street
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(first lien mortgage loan)
74,964

 
75,261

 
6.01
%
 
3.35
%
 
4/5/2018
 
(second lien mortgage loan)
9,475

 
9,509

 
6.56
%
 
3.66
%
 
4/5/2018
 
1350 Broadway
37,612

 
37,764

 
5.87
%
 
3.72
%
 
4/5/2018
 
Metro Center
95,483

 
95,985

 
3.59
%
 
3.67
%
 
11/5/2024
 
10 Union Square
50,000

 
50,000

 
3.70
%
 
3.97
%
 
4/1/2026
 
Total mortgage debt
749,672

 
752,840

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior unsecured notes - exchangeable
250,000

 
250,000

 
2.63
%
 
3.93
%
 
8/15/2019
 
Senior unsecured notes:(5)


 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Series A
100,000

 
100,000

 
3.93
%
 
3.96
%
 
3/27/2025
 
   Series B
125,000

 
125,000

 
4.09
%
 
4.12
%
 
3/27/2027
 
   Series C
125,000

 
125,000

 
4.18
%
 
4.21
%
 
3/27/2030
 
Unsecured revolving credit facility(5)

 

 
(3) 
 
(3) 
 
1/23/2019
 
Unsecured term loan facility(5)
265,000

 
265,000

 
(4) 
 
(4) 
 
8/24/2022
 
Total principal
1,614,672

 
1,617,840

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unamortized premiums, net of unamortized discount

(163
)
 
905

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred financing costs, net

(5,710
)
 
(6,414
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
$
1,608,799

 
$
1,612,331

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
______________
(1)
The effective rate is the yield as of March 31, 2017, including the effects of debt issuance costs and the amortization of the fair value of debt adjustment.
(2)
Pre-payment is generally allowed for each loan upon payment of a customary pre-payment penalty.
(3)
At March 31, 2017, the unsecured revolving credit facility bears a floating rate at 30 day LIBOR plus 1.15%. The rate at March 31, 2017 was 2.13%.
(4)
The unsecured term loan facility bears a floating rate at 30 day LIBOR plus 1.60%. The rate at March 31, 2017 was 2.58%. Pursuant to a forward interest rate swap agreement, the LIBOR rate is fixed at 2.1485% for the period beginning on August 31, 2017 through maturity.
(5)
At March 31, 2017, we were in compliance with all debt covenants.

Mortgage Debt
During April 2017, we refinanced a mortgage loan collateralized by 1542 Third Avenue. The new $30.0 million loan bears interest at a fixed rate of 4.29% and matures in May 2027.
 


12



Principal Payments
Aggregate required principal payments at March 31, 2017 are as follows (amounts in thousands):
 
Year
Amortization
 
Maturities
 
Total
2017
$
6,736

 
$
336,009

 
$
342,745

2018
2,880

 
262,210

 
265,090

2019
2,188

 
250,000

 
252,188

2020
2,268

 

 
2,268

2021
2,350

 

 
2,350

Thereafter
7,356

 
742,675

 
750,031

Total
$
23,778

 
$
1,590,894

 
$
1,614,672

 
Deferred Financing Costs
Deferred financing costs, net, consisted of the following at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (amounts in thousands):
 
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Financing costs
 
$
23,190

 
$
23,145

Less: accumulated amortization
 
(13,529
)
 
(12,241
)
Total deferred financing costs, net
 
$
9,661

 
$
10,904

At March 31, 2017, $4.0 million of net deferred financing costs associated with the unsecured revolving credit facility was included in deferred costs, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheet.
Amortization expense related to deferred financing costs was $1.3 million and $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and was included in interest expense.

Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility

Our unsecured revolving credit facility is comprised of a revolving credit facility in the maximum principal amount of $1.1 billion. The unsecured revolving credit facility contains an accordion feature that would allow us to increase the maximum aggregate principal amount to $1.25 billion under specified circumstances.

The initial maturity of the unsecured revolving credit facility is January 2019. We have the option to extend the initial term for up to two additional 6-month periods, subject to certain conditions, including the payment of an extension fee equal to 0.075% of the then outstanding commitments under the unsecured revolving credit facility.

    
Exchangeable Senior Notes

Issued in August 2014, the $250.0 million principal amount of 2.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes (“2.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes”) are due August 15, 2019. The 2.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes will be exchangeable into cash, shares of Class A common stock or a combination of cash and shares of Class A common stock, at our election. We have asserted that our intent and ability to settle the principal amount of the 2.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes is in cash. As of March 31, 2017, the exchange rate of the 2.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes was 51.6108 shares per $1,000 principal amount of notes (equivalent to an initial exchange price of approximately $19.38 per share of Class A common stock), subject to adjustment, as described in the related indenture governing the 2.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes.

For the three months ended March 31, 2017, total interest expense related to the 2.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes was $2.4 million consisting of (i) the contractual interest expense of $1.6 million, (ii) the additional non-cash interest expense of $0.7 million relating to the accretion of the debt discount, and (iii) the amortization of deferred financing costs of $0.1 million. For the three months ended March 31, 2016, total interest expense related to the 2.625% Exchangeable Senior Notes was $2.4 million consisting of (i) the contractual interest expense of $1.6 million, (ii) the additional non-cash interest expense

13



of $0.7 million relating to the accretion of the debt discount, and (iii) the amortization of deferred financing costs of $0.1 million.

5. Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
Accounts payable and accrued expenses consist of the following as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (amounts in thousands):
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
96,242

 
$
102,866

Payable to the estate of Leona M. Helmsley (1)
18,367

 
18,367

Interest rate swap agreements liability
5,234

 
5,591

Accrued interest payable
4,626

 
6,230

Due to affiliated companies
1,441

 
1,010

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
125,910

 
$
134,064

___________
(1)
Reflects a payable to the estate of Leona M. Helmsley for New York City transfer taxes which would have been payable in absence of the estate's exemption from such tax.

6. Financial Instruments and Fair Values
Derivative Financial Instruments
We use derivative financial instruments primarily to manage interest rate risk and such derivatives are not considered speculative. These derivative instruments are typically in the form of interest rate swap and forward agreements and the primary objective is to minimize interest rate risks associated with investing and financing activities. The counterparties of these arrangements are major financial institutions with which we may also have other financial relationships. We are exposed to credit risk in the event of non-performance by these counterparties; however, we currently do not anticipate that any of the counterparties will fail to meet their obligations.

We have agreements with our derivative counterparties that contain a provision where if we either default or are capable of being declared in default on any of our indebtedness, then we could also be declared in default on our derivative obligations. As of March 31, 2017, the fair value of derivatives in a net liability position, which includes accrued interest but excludes any adjustment for nonperformance risk, related to these agreements was $3.7 million. If we had breached any of these provisions at March 31, 2017, we could have been required to settle our obligations under the agreements at their termination value of $3.7 million.

As of March 31, 2017, we had interest rate LIBOR swaps with an aggregate notional value of $970.0 million. The notional value does not represent exposure to credit, interest rate or market risks. As of March 31, 2017, the fair value of these derivative instruments amounted to $1.5 million which is included in prepaid expenses and other assets and ($5.2 million) which is included in accounts payable and accrued expenses on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. As of December 31, 2016, the fair value of these derivative instruments amounted to $0.6 million which is included in prepaid expenses and other assets and ($5.6 million) which was included in accounts payable and accrued expenses on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. These interest rate swaps have been designated as cash flow hedges and hedge the future cash outflows on our mortgage debt and also on our term loan facility that is subject to a floating interest rate. As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, these cash flow hedges are deemed effective and a net unrealized gain of $1.4 million and a net unrealized loss of ($19.4) million are reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) related to derivatives will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on the debt. We estimate that $1.3 million of the current balance held in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) will be reclassified into interest expense within the next 12 months relating to the interest rate swap contracts in effect as of March 31, 2017.

14



The table below summarizes the terms of agreements and the fair values of our derivative financial instruments as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (dollar amounts in thousands):     
 
 
As of March 31, 2017
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Derivative
 
Notional Amount
Receive Rate
Pay Rate
Effective Date
Expiration Date
 
Asset
Liability
 
Asset
Liability
Interest rate swap
 
$
265,000

1 Month LIBOR
2.1485%
August 31, 2017
August 24, 2022
 
$

$
(1,483
)
 
$

$
(1,634
)
Interest rate swap
 
100,000

3 Month LIBOR
2.5050%
July 5, 2017
July 5, 2027
 

(649
)
 

(684
)
Interest rate swap (1)
 
80,000

3 Month LIBOR
2.5050%
July 5, 2017
July 5, 2027
 

(520
)
 

(685
)
Interest rate swap
 
100,000

3 Month LIBOR
2.4860%
January 5, 2018
January 5, 2028
 
230


 
224


Interest rate swap
 
100,000

3 Month LIBOR
2.4860%
January 5, 2018
January 5, 2028
 
228


 
223


Interest rate swap
 
75,000

3 Month LIBOR
2.4860%
January 5, 2018
January 5, 2028
 
172


 
167


Interest rate swap
 
75,000

3 Month LIBOR
2.7620%
June 1, 2018
June 1, 2028
 

(1,292
)
 

(1,295
)
Interest rate swap
 
75,000

3 Month LIBOR
2.7620%
June 1, 2018
June 1, 2028
 

(1,290
)
 

(1,293
)
Interest rate swap
 
100,000

3 Month LIBOR
2.4625%
June 1, 2018
June 1, 2028
 
917


 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,547

$
(5,234
)
 
$
614

$
(5,591
)
(1)
During March 2017, $20.0 million of an original notional amount of $100.0 million was terminated. In connection with the partial termination and re-designation of the related cash flow hedges, $0.2 million is recognized as a loss from derivative financial instruments and included in Other Expense on the condensed consolidated statement of income for the three months ended March 31, 2017. There was no loss from derivative financial instruments for the three months ended March 31, 2016.
The table below shows the effect of our derivative financial instruments designated as cash flow hedges for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (amounts in thousands):    
Effects of Cash Flow Hedges
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
Amount of gain (loss) recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) - effective portion
 
$
1,394

 
$
(19,371
)
Amount of gain (loss) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into interest expense - effective portion
 

 

Amount of gain (loss) recognized in other expense - ineffective portion
 
(247
)
 


Fair Valuation
The estimated fair values at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were determined by management, using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. Considerable judgment is necessary to interpret market data and develop estimated fair value. Accordingly, the estimates presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts we could realize on disposition of the financial instruments. The use of different market assumptions and/or estimation methodologies may have a material effect on the estimated fair value amounts.

The fair value of our senior unsecured notes - Exchangeable was derived from quoted prices in active markets and is classified as Level 2 since trading volumes are low.

The fair value of derivative instruments is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. Although the majority of the inputs used to value our derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with our derivatives utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads to evaluate the likelihood of default by ourselves and our counterparties. The impact of such credit valuation adjustments, determined based on the fair value of each individual contract, was not significant to the overall valuation. As a result, all of our derivatives were classified as Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

The fair value of our mortgage notes payable, senior unsecured notes - Series A, B and C, and unsecured term loan facility which are determined using Level 3 inputs, are estimated by discounting the future cash flows using current interest rates at which similar borrowings could be made to us.

15




The following tables summarize the carrying and estimated fair values of our financial instruments as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 (amounts in thousands):
 
 
March 31, 2017
 
 
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Interest rate swaps included in prepaid expenses and other assets

$
1,547

 
$
1,547

 
$

 
$
1,547

 
$

Interest rate swaps included in accounts payable and accrued expenses
5,234

 
5,234

 

 
5,234

 

Mortgage notes payable
754,548

 
751,169

 

 

 
751,169

Senior unsecured notes - Exchangeable
242,291

 
284,755

 

 
284,755

 

Senior unsecured notes - Series A, B, and C
348,941

 
342,883

 

 

 
342,883

Unsecured term loan facility
263,019

 
265,000

 

 

 
265,000

 
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Interest rate swaps included in prepaid expenses and other assets

$
614

 
$
614

 
$

 
$
614

 
$

Interest rate swaps included in accounts payable and accrued expenses
5,591

 
5,591

 

 
5,591

 

Mortgage notes payable
759,016

 
755,640

 

 

 
755,640

Senior unsecured notes - Exchangeable
241,474

 
282,435

 

 
282,435

 

Senior unsecured notes - Series A, B, and C
348,914

 
339,274

 

 

 
339,274

Unsecured term loan facility
262,927

 
265,000

 

 

 
265,000

Disclosure about the fair value of financial instruments is based on pertinent information available to us as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016. Although we are not aware of any factors that would significantly affect the reasonable fair value amounts, such amounts have not been comprehensively revalued for purposes of these financial statements since that date and current estimates of fair value may differ significantly from the amounts presented herein.


7. Rental Income
We lease various office spaces to tenants over terms ranging from one to 16 years. Certain leases have renewal options for additional terms. The leases provide for base monthly rentals and reimbursements for real estate taxes, escalations linked to the consumer price index or common area maintenance known as operating expense escalation. Operating expense reimbursements are reflected in our condensed consolidated statements of income as tenant expense reimbursement.

8. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal Proceedings
Except as described below, as of March 31, 2017, we were not involved in any material litigation, nor, to our knowledge, was any material litigation threatened against us or our properties, other than routine litigation arising in the ordinary course of business such as disputes with tenants. We believe that the costs and related liabilities, if any, which may result from such actions will not materially affect our condensed consolidated financial position, operating results or liquidity.    
On or about October 14, 2014, 12 former investors in Empire State Building Associates L.L.C. (“ESBA”), which prior to the initial public offering of our company, the ("Offering"), owned the fee title to the Empire State Building, filed an arbitration with the American Arbitration Association against Peter L. Malkin, Anthony E. Malkin, Thomas N. Keltner, Jr., and our subsidiary ESRT MH Holdings LLC, the former supervisor of ESBA, as respondents. The statement of claim alleges breach

16



of fiduciary duty and related claims in connection with the Offering and formation transactions. These investors had opted out of a prior class action brought regarding the Offering and formation transactions that was settled with court approval. The statement of claim in the arbitration seeks monetary damages and declaratory relief. The respondents filed an answering statement and counterclaims. On December 18, 2014, these claimants also filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York alleging the same claims that they asserted in the arbitration. As alleged in the complaint, the claimants filed this lawsuit to toll the statute of limitations on their claims in the event it is determined that the claims are not subject to arbitration, and they planned to move to stay the lawsuit in favor of the pending arbitration. On February 2, 2015, the claimants filed an amended complaint adding an additional claim and making other non-substantive modifications to the original complaint. On March 12, 2015, the court stayed the action on consent of all parties pending the arbitration. The arbitration hearings commenced May 24, 2016 and have proceeded for a number of days over several hearing sessions. There are additional hearing sessions scheduled for May and June 2017.
The respondents believe the allegations in the arbitration are entirely without merit, and they intend to defend vigorously.
    In connection with the Offering and formation transactions, we entered into indemnification agreements with our directors, executive officers and chairman emeritus, providing for the indemnification by us for certain liabilities and expenses incurred as a result of actions brought, or threatened to be brought, against them. As a result, Anthony E. Malkin, Peter L. Malkin and Thomas N. Keltner, Jr. have defense and indemnity rights from us with respect to the above-referenced arbitration.
Unfunded Capital Expenditures
At March 31, 2017, we estimate that we will incur approximately $51.5 million of capital expenditures (including tenant improvements and leasing commissions) on our properties pursuant to existing lease agreements. We expect to fund these capital expenditures with operating cash flow, additional property level mortgage financings, our unsecured credit facility, cash on hand and other borrowings. Future property acquisitions may require substantial capital investments for refurbishment and leasing costs. We expect that these financing requirements will be met in a similar fashion.
Ground Leases
Aggregate required payments on ground leases at March 31, 2017 were as follows (amounts in thousands):
2017
$
1,138

2018
1,518

2019
1,518

2020
1,518

2021
1,518

Thereafter
55,212

 
$
62,422

Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that subject us to credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, tenant and other receivables and deferred rent receivables. At March 31, 2017, we held on deposit at various major financial institutions cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash balances in excess of amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Asset Retirement Obligations
We are required to accrue costs that we are legally obligated to incur on retirement of our properties which result from acquisition, construction, development and/or normal operation of such properties. Retirement includes sale, abandonment or disposal of a property. Under that standard, a conditional asset retirement obligation represents a legal obligation to perform an asset retirement activity in which the timing and/or method of settlement is conditional on a future event that may or may not be within a company’s control and a liability for a conditional asset retirement obligation must be recorded if the fair value of the obligation can be reasonably estimated. Environmental site assessments and investigations have identified asbestos or asbestos-containing building materials in certain of our properties. As of March 31, 2017, management has no plans to remove or alter these properties in a manner that would trigger federal and other applicable regulations for asbestos removal, and accordingly, the obligations to remove the asbestos or asbestos-containing building materials from these properties have indeterminable settlement dates. As such, we are unable to reasonably estimate the fair value of the associated conditional asset retirement obligation. However, ongoing asbestos abatement, maintenance programs and other required documentation are carried out as required and related costs are expensed as incurred.

17



Other Environmental Matters
Certain of our properties have been inspected for soil contamination due to pollutants, which may have occurred prior to our ownership of these properties or subsequently in connection with its development and/or its use. Required remediation to such properties has been completed, and as of March 31, 2017, management believes that there are no obligations related to environmental remediation other than maintaining the affected sites in conformity with the relevant authority’s mandates and filing the required documents. All such maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. We expect that resolution of the environmental matters relating to the above will not have a material impact on our business, assets, consolidated financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. However, we cannot be certain that we have identified all environmental liabilities at our properties, that all necessary remediation actions have been or will be undertaken at our properties or that we will be indemnified, in full or at all, in the event that such environmental liabilities arise.
Insurance Coverage
We carry insurance coverage on our properties of types and in amounts with deductibles that we believe are in line with coverage customarily obtained by owners of similar properties.
9. Capital
During 2016, Q REIT Holding LLC, a Qatar Financial Centre limited liability company and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Qatar Investment Authority, a governmental authority of the State of Qatar (“QIA”) purchased 29,610,854 newly issued ESRT Class A common shares at $21.00 per share, resulting in gross proceeds of $621.8 million. The proceeds were contributed to us and we issued 29,610,854 Series PR units to ESRT. At August 23, 2016, the 29,610,854 units were equivalent to a 9.9% economic interest in us. QIA has a top-up right to maintain their ownership stake at 9.9% over time.
In connection with the share issuance to QIA, ESRT agreed, subject to certain minimum thresholds and conditions, to indemnify QIA for certain applicable U.S. federal and state taxes paid by QIA in connection with any dividends ESRT pays that are attributable to capital gains from the sale or exchange of any U.S. real property interests. If ESRT were to trigger its tax indemnification obligations under this agreement, we and ESRT would be required to pay QIA for the resulting tax consequences, as applicable.

As of March 31, 2017, there were 300,367,915 operating partnership units outstanding, of which 157,784,591, or 52.5%, were owned by ESRT and 142,583,324, or 47.5%, were owned by other partners, including ESRT directors, members of senior management and other employees.
Long-term incentive plan ("LTIP") units are a special class of partnership interests. Each LTIP unit awarded will be deemed equivalent to an award of one share of ESRT stock under the First Amended and Restated Empire State Realty Trust, Inc. and Empire State Realty OP, L.P. 2013 Equity Incentive Plan ("2013 Plan"), reducing the availability for other equity awards on a one-for-one basis. The vesting period for LTIP units, if any, will be determined at the time of issuance. Under the terms of the LTIP units, we will revalue for tax purposes its assets upon the occurrence of certain specified events, and any increase in valuation from the time of grant until such event will be allocated first to the holders of LTIP units to equalize the capital accounts of such holders with the capital accounts of unitholders. Subject to any agreed upon exceptions, once vested and having achieved parity with unitholders, LTIP units are convertible into Series PR operating partnership units on a one-for-one basis.     
With the exception of performance based LTIP units granted in 2016 and 2017, all LTIP units issued in connection with annual equity awards, whether vested or not, receive the same per unit distributions as operating partnership units, which equal per share dividends (both regular and special) on our common stock. Performance based LTIP units granted in 2016 and 2017 receive 10% of such distributions currently, unless and until such LTIP units are earned based on performance, at which time they will receive the accrued and unpaid 90% and will commence receiving 100% of such distributions thereafter.

Distributions
Total distributions paid to OP unitholders were $31.4 million and $22.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Total distributions paid to preferred unitholders were $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.



18



Incentive and Share-Based Compensation
The 2013 Plan provides for grants to directors, employees and consultants consisting of stock options, restricted stock, dividend equivalents, stock payments, performance shares, LTIP units, stock appreciation rights and other incentive awards. An aggregate of 12.2 million shares of ESRT common stock is authorized for issuance under awards granted pursuant to the 2013 Plan, and as of March 31, 2017, 7.0 million shares of ESRT common stock remain available for future issuance.
In March 2017, we made grants of LTIP units to executive officers under the 2013 Plan. At such time, we granted to executive officers a total of 313,275 LTIP units that are subject to time-based vesting and 865,742 LTIP units that are subject to performance-based vesting, with fair market values of $6.1 million for the time-based vesting awards and $9.6 million for the performance-based vesting awards. In March 2017, we made grants of LTIP units and restricted stock to certain other employees under the 2013 Plan. At such time, we granted to certain other employees a total of 47,993 LTIP units and 34,407 shares of restricted stock that are subject to time-based vesting and 95,156 LTIP units that are subject to performance-based vesting, with fair market values of $1.6 million for the time-based vesting awards and $1.0 million for the performance-based vesting awards. The awards subject to time-based vesting vest ratably over four years from January 1, 2017, subject generally to the grantee's continued employment. The first installment vests on January 1, 2018 and the remainder will vest thereafter in three equal annual installments. The vesting of the LTIP units subject to performance-based vesting is based on the achievement of absolute and relative total stockholder return hurdles over a three-year performance period, commencing on January 1, 2017. Following the completion of the three-year performance period, our compensation committee will determine the number of LTIP units to which the grantee is entitled based on our performance relative to the performance hurdles set forth in the LTIP unit award agreements the grantee entered into in connection with the award grant. These units then vest in two installments, with the first installment vesting on January 1, 2020 and the second installment vesting on January 1, 2021, subject generally to the grantee's continued employment on those dates.
In February 2016, we made grants of LTIP units to executive officers under the 2013 Plan. At such time, we granted to executive officers a total of 368,225 LTIP units that are subject to time-based vesting and 1,230,228 LTIP units that are subject to performance-based vesting, with fair market values of $5.6 million for the time-based vesting awards and $8.8 million for the performance-based vesting awards. In February 2016, we made grants of LTIP units and restricted stock to certain other employees under the 2013 Plan. At such time, we granted to certain other employees a total of 47,168 LTIP units and 44,198 shares of restricted stock that are subject to time-based vesting and 112,925 LTIP units that are subject to performance-based vesting, with fair market values of $1.4 million for the time-based vesting awards and $0.8 million for the performance-based vesting awards. The awards subject to time-based vesting vest ratably over four years from January 1, 2016, subject generally to the grantee's continued employment. The first installment vested on January 1, 2017 and the remainder will vest thereafter in three equal annual installments. The vesting of the LTIP units subject to performance-based vesting is based on the achievement of absolute and relative total stockholder return hurdles over a three-year performance period, commencing on January 1, 2016. Following the completion of the three-year performance period, our compensation committee will determine the number of LTIP units to which the grantee is entitled based on our performance relative to the performance hurdles set forth in the LTIP unit award agreements the grantee entered into in connection with the award grant. These units then vest in two installments, with the first installment vesting on January 1, 2019 and the second installment vesting on January 1, 2020, subject generally to the grantee's continued employment on those dates.
In February 2016, we made a grant of LTIP units to an executive officer under the 2013 Plan. We granted a total of 62,814 LTIP units with a fair market value of $1.0 million. The award is subject to time-based vesting of 30% after three years, 30% after four years, and 40% after five years, subject to the grantee's continued employment.
In June 2016, we made grants of LTIP units to our non-employee directors under the 2013 Plan. At such time, we granted a total of 43,257 LTIP units that are subject to time-based vesting with fair market values of $0.8 million. The awards vest ratably over three years from the date of the grant, subject generally to the director's continued service on our Board of Directors.
We made other grants during 2016 under the 2013 Plan with fair market values of $0.1 million in the aggregate.
Share-based compensation is measured at the fair value of the award on the date of grant and recognized as an expense on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. For the performance-based LTIP units and restricted stock awards, the fair value of the awards was estimated using a Monte Carlo Simulation model.  Our stock price, along with the prices of the comparative indexes, is assumed to follow the Geometric Brownian Motion Process.  Geometric Brownian Motion is a common assumption when modeling in financial markets, as it allows the modeled quantity (in this case the stock price) to vary randomly from its current value and take any value greater than zero.  The volatilities of the returns on our stock price and the comparative indexes were estimated based on implied volatilities and historical volatilities using a six-year look-back period.  The expected

19



growth rate of the stock prices over the performance period is determined with consideration of the risk free rate as of the grant date.  For LTIP unit awards that are time-based, the fair value of the awards was estimated based on the fair value of our stock at the grant date discounted for the restriction period during which the LTIP units cannot be redeemed or transferred and the uncertainty regarding if, and when, the book capital account of the LTIP units will equal that of the common units.  For restricted stock awards that are time-based, we estimate the stock compensation expense based on the fair value of the stock at the grant date.
LTIP units and ESRT restricted stock issued during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were valued at $18.4 million and $17.5 million, respectively. The weighted-average per unit or share fair value was $13.55 and $9.38 for grants issued in 2017 and 2016, respectively. The per unit or share granted in 2017 was estimated on the respective dates of grant using the following assumptions: an expected life of 2.8 years, a dividend rate of 2.05%, a risk-free interest rate of 1.55%, and an expected price volatility of 20.0%. The per unit or share granted in 2016 was estimated on the respective dates of grant using the following assumptions: an expected life of 2.8 years, a dividend rate of 2.10%, a risk-free interest rate of 0.84% and an expected price volatility of 24.0%.
No other stock options, dividend equivalents, or stock appreciation rights were issued or outstanding in 2017.
The following is a summary of ESRT restricted stock and LTIP unit activity for the three months ended March 31, 2017:
 
Restricted Stock
 
LTIP Units
 
Weighted Average Grant Fair Value
Unvested balance at December 31, 2016
107,793

 
2,881,629

 
$
10.01

Vested
(16,577
)
 
(271,136
)
 
13.19

Granted
34,407

 
1,322,166

 
13.55

Forfeited or unearned
(1,404
)
 
(77,227
)
 
14.87

Unvested balance at March 31, 2017
124,219

 
3,855,432

 
$
10.89

The LTIP unit and ESRT restricted stock awards will immediately vest upon the later of (i) the date the grantee attains the age of 60 and (ii) the date on which grantee has first completed ten years of continuous service with our company or its affiliates. For award agreements that qualify, we recognize noncash compensation expense on the grant date for the time-based awards and ratably over the vesting period for the performance-based awards, and accordingly, we recognized $0.6 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Unrecognized compensation expense was $1.2 million at March 31, 2017, which will be recognized over a period of 2.7 years.
For the remainder of the LTIP unit and ESRT restricted stock awards, we recognize noncash compensation expense ratably over the vesting period, and accordingly, we recognized noncash compensation expense of $2.6 million and $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Unrecognized compensation expense was $32.9 million at March 31, 2017, which will be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.9 years.











20



Earnings Per Unit
Earnings per unit for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 is computed as follows (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended,
 
March 31, 2017
 
March 31, 2016
Numerator:
 
 
 
Net income
$
19,145

 
$
16,705

Private perpetual preferred unit distributions
(234
)
 
(234
)
Earnings allocated to unvested units
(154
)
 
(172
)
Net income attributable to common unitholders - basic and diluted
$
18,757

 
$
16,299

 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
Weighted average units outstanding - basic
296,388

 
266,134

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
  Stock-based compensation plans

775

 

  Exchangeable senior notes
799

 

Weighted average units outstanding - diluted
297,962

 
266,134

 
 
 
 
Earnings per unit - basic and diluted
$
0.06

 
$
0.06

There were 622,565 and 507,205 antidilutive units for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
10. Related Party Transactions
Supervisory Fee Revenue

We earned supervisory fees from entities affiliated with Anthony E. Malkin, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, of $0.3 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. These fees are included within third-party management and other fees.
Property Management Fee Revenue
We earned property management fees from entities affiliated with Anthony E. Malkin of $0.1 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. These fees are included within third-party management and other fees.
Other
We were reimbursed at allocable cost for 647 square feet of shared office space, equipment, and administrative support, as was done prior to our formation, and we received rent generally at market rental rate for 3,074 square feet of leased space, from entities affiliated with Anthony E. Malkin, at one of our properties aggregating $0.05 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016.
During August 2016, such entities moved from the previously shared office and leased spaces to relocate to a new 5,351 square foot leased space at one of our properties, paying rent generally at a market rental rate. Under such new lease, the tenant has the right to cancel such lease without special payment on 90 days’ notice. We now have a shared use agreement with such tenant, to occupy a portion of the leased premises as the office location for Peter L. Malkin, our chairman emeritus and employee, utilizing approximately 15% of the space, for which we pay an allocable pro rata share of the cost to such tenant. Total revenue aggregated 0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

21



One of our directors, James D. Robinson IV, is a general partner in an investment fund, which owns more than a 10% economic and voting interest in one of our tenants, OnDeck Capital, with an annualized rent of $5.7 million and $5.8 million as of March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
11. Segment Reporting
We have identified two reportable segments: (1) real estate and (2) observatory. Our real estate segment includes all activities related to the ownership, management, operation, acquisition, redevelopment, repositioning and disposition of our real estate assets. Our observatory segment includes the operation of the 86th and 102nd floor observatories at the Empire State Building. These two lines of businesses are managed separately because each business requires different support infrastructures, provides different services and has dissimilar economic characteristics such as investments needed, stream of revenues and marketing strategies. We account for intersegment sales and rent as if the sales or rent were to third parties, that is, at current market prices.

The following tables provide components of segment profit for each segment for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (amounts in thousands):

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
 
Real Estate
 
Observatory
 
Intersegment Elimination
 
Total
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental revenue
 
$
117,113

 
$

 
$

 
$
117,113

Intercompany rental revenue
 
13,378

 

 
(13,378
)
 

Tenant expense reimbursement
 
15,974

 

 

 
15,974

Observatory revenue
 

 
20,940

 

 
20,940

Third-party management and other fees
 
351

 

 

 
351

Other revenue and fees
 
10,576

 

 

 
10,576

Total revenues
 
157,392

 
20,940

 
(13,378
)
 
164,954

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
 
42,210

 

 

 
42,210

Intercompany rent expense
 

 
13,378

 
(13,378
)
 

Ground rent expense
 
2,331

 

 

 
2,331

General and administrative expenses
 
11,088

 

 

 
11,088

Observatory expenses
 

 
7,255

 

 
7,255

Real estate taxes
 
24,558

 

 

 
24,558

Depreciation and amortization
 
40,833

 
13

 

 
40,846

Total operating expenses
 
121,020

 
20,646

 
(13,378
)
 
128,288

Total operating income
 
36,372

 
294

 

 
36,666

Other expense:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
(17,742
)
 

 

 
(17,742
)
Loss from derivative financial instruments

 
(247
)
 

 

 
(247
)
Income before income taxes
 
18,383

 
294

 

 
18,677

Income tax (expense) benefit
 
(283
)
 
751

 

 
468

Net income
 
$
18,100

 
$
1,045

 
$

 
$
19,145

Segment assets
 
$
3,617,276

 
$
248,900

 
$

 
$
3,866,176

Expenditures for segment assets
 
$
48,054

 
$
6

 
$

 
$
48,060





22



 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
 
Real Estate
 
Observatory
 
Intersegment Elimination
 
Total
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental revenue
 
$
114,908

 
$

 
$

 
$
114,908

Intercompany rental revenue
 
13,718

 

 
(13,718
)
 

Tenant expense reimbursement
 
18,120

 

 

 
18,120

Observatory revenue
 

 
21,181

 

 
21,181

Third-party management and other fees
 
545

 

 

 
545

Other revenue and fees
 
2,320

 

 

 
2,320

Total revenues
 
149,611

 
21,181

 
(13,718
)
 
157,074

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
 
39,104

 

 

 
39,104

Intercompany rent expense
 

 
13,718

 
(13,718
)
 

Ground rent expense
 
2,333

 

 

 
2,333

General and administrative expenses
 
10,918

 

 

 
10,918

Observatory expenses
 

 
7,755

 

 
7,755

Real estate taxes
 
23,525

 

 

 
23,525

Acquisition expenses
 
98

 

 

 
98

Depreciation and amortization
 
39,130

 
97

 

 
39,227

Total operating expenses
 
115,108

 
21,570

 
(13,718
)
 
122,960

Total operating income (loss)
 
34,503

 
(389
)
 

 
34,114

Interest expense
 
(17,951
)
 

 

 
(17,951
)
Income before income taxes
 
16,552

 
(389
)
 

 
16,163

Income tax (expense) benefit
 
(405
)
 
947

 

 
542

Net income
 
$
16,147

 
$
558

 
$

 
$
16,705

Segment assets
 
$
3,015,802

 
$
247,569

 
$

 
$
3,263,371

Expenditures for segment assets
 
$
23,458

 
$

 
$

 
$
23,458

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Subsequent Events
None.
    


23



ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Unless the context otherwise requires or indicates, references in this section to "we," "our" and "us" refer to our company and its consolidated subsidiaries.
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). For these statements, we claim the protections of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in such Section. You can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “approximately,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates,” “contemplates,” “aims,” “continues,” “would” or “anticipates” or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases. In particular, statements pertaining to our capital resources, portfolio performance, dividend policy and results of operations contain forward-looking statements. Likewise, all of our statements regarding anticipated growth in our portfolio from operations, acquisitions and anticipated market conditions, demographics and results of operations are forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are subject to substantial risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and are generally beyond our control, and you should not rely on them as predictions of future events. Forward-looking statements depend on assumptions, data or methods which may be incorrect or imprecise, and we may not be able to realize them. We do not guarantee that the transactions and events described will happen as described (or that they will happen at all).

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements:

changes in our industry, the real estate markets, either nationally or in Manhattan or the greater New York metropolitan area;
resolution of legal proceedings involving the company;
reduced demand for office or retail space;
new office or observatory development in our market;
general volatility of the capital and credit markets and the market price of ESRT's Class A common stock and our publicly-traded operating partnership units;
changes in our business strategy;
changes in technology and market competition, which affect utilization of our broadcast or other facilities;
changes in domestic or international tourism, including geopolitical events and currency exchange rates;
defaults on, early terminations of, or non-renewal of leases by tenants;
bankruptcy or insolvency of a major tenant or a significant number of smaller tenants;
fluctuations in interest rates;
increased operating costs;
declining real estate valuations and impairment charges;
termination or expiration of our ground leases;
availability, terms and deployment of capital;
our failure to obtain necessary outside financing, including our unsecured revolving credit facility;
our leverage;
decreased rental rates or increased vacancy rates;
our failure to generate sufficient cash flows to service our outstanding indebtedness;
our failure to redevelop and reposition properties successfully or on the anticipated timeline or at the anticipated costs;
difficulties in identifying properties to acquire and completing acquisitions;
risks of real estate development (including our Metro Tower development site), including the cost of construction delays and cost overruns;
inability to manage our properties and our growth effectively;
inability to make distributions to our securityholders in the future;
impact of changes in governmental regulations, tax law and rates and similar matters;
failure to continue to qualify as a real estate investment trust, or REIT;
a future terrorist event in the U.S.;
environmental uncertainties and risks related to adverse weather conditions and natural disasters;
lack, or insufficient amounts, of insurance;

24



misunderstanding of our competition;
changes in real estate and zoning laws and increases in real property tax rates;
inability to comply with the laws, rules and regulations applicable to similar companies;
risks associated with security breaches through cyberattacks, cyber intrusions or otherwise, as well as other significant disruptions of our technology (IT) networks related systems, which support our operations and our buildings; and
other factors discussed under “Item 1A, Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 and additional factors that may be contained in any filing we make with the SEC, including Part II, Item 1A of our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.

While forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs, they are not guarantees of future performance. We disclaim any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, of new information, data or methods, future events or other changes after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, except as required by applicable law. For a further discussion of these and other factors that could impact our future results, performance or transactions, see the sections entitled “Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 which we filed with the SEC. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which are based only on information currently available to us.    
Overview

Empire State Realty OP, L.P. is the entity through which Empire State Realty Trust, Inc. (“ESRT”), a self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust ("REIT"), conducts all of its business and owns (either directly or through subsidiaries) substantially all of its assets. We own, manage, operate, acquire and reposition office and retail properties in Manhattan and the greater New York metropolitan area.
Highlights for the three months ended March 31, 2017 included:
Achieved net income of $19.1 million and Core Funds From Operations of $61.3 million.
Occupancy and leased percentages at March 31, 2017:
Total portfolio was 88.8% occupied; including signed leases not commenced (“SLNC”), the total portfolio was 89.5% leased.
Manhattan office portfolio (excluding the retail component of these properties) was 87.8% occupied; including SLNC, the Manhattan office portfolio was 88.6% leased.
Retail portfolio was 94.4% occupied; including SLNC, the retail portfolio was 94.5% leased.
Empire State Building was 91.5% occupied; including SLNC, was 91.7% leased.
Signed 27 leases, representing 200,992 rentable square feet across the total portfolio, achieving a portfolio-wide 44.0% increase in mark-to-market rent over previous fully escalated rents on new, renewal, and expansion leases.
Signed 15 new leases representing 68,163 rentable square feet for the Manhattan office portfolio (excluding the retail component of these properties), achieving an increase of 22.4% in mark-to-market rent over previous fully escalated rents.
At 112 West 34th Street, signed a new retail lease totaling 43,019 rentable square feet with Target for a term of 20.8 years.
The Empire State Building Observatory revenue for the first quarter 2017 was $20.9 million compared to $21.2 million in the first quarter 2016.
Lease termination fee income, included in other revenues and fees, was $7.9 million.
Declared a dividend in the amount of $0.105 per share.
As of March 31, 2017, our total portfolio contained 10.1 million rentable square feet of office and retail space. We owned 14 office properties (including three long-term ground leasehold interests) encompassing approximately 9.4 million rentable square feet of office space. Nine of these properties are located in the midtown Manhattan market and aggregate approximately 7.6 million rentable square feet of office space, including the Empire State Building. Our Manhattan office properties also contain an aggregate of 504,016 rentable square feet of premier retail space on their ground floor and/or

25



contiguous levels. Our remaining five office properties are located in Fairfield County, Connecticut and Westchester County, New York, encompassing in the aggregate approximately 1.9 million rentable square feet. The majority of square footage for these five properties is located in densely populated metropolitan communities with immediate access to mass transportation. Additionally, we have entitled land at the Stamford Transportation Center in Stamford, Connecticut, adjacent to one of our office properties, that will support the development of an approximately 380,000 rentable square foot office building and garage, which we refer to herein as Metro Tower. As of March 31, 2017, our portfolio included four standalone retail properties located in Manhattan and two standalone retail properties located in the city center of Westport, Connecticut, encompassing 204,452 rentable square feet in the aggregate.
The Empire State Building is our flagship property. The Empire State Building provides us with a diverse source of revenue through its office and retail leases, observatory operations and broadcasting licenses, and related leased space. Our observatory operations are a separate reporting segment. Our observatory operations are subject to regular patterns of tourist activity in Manhattan. During the past ten years, approximately 16.0% to 18.0% of our annual observatory revenue was realized in the first quarter, 26.0% to 28.0% was realized in the second quarter, 31.0% to 33.0% was realized in the third quarter, and 23.0% to 25.0% was realized in the fourth quarter.
The components of the Empire State Building revenue are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Office leases
$
30,582

 
46.7
%
 
$
28,678

 
42.7
%
Retail leases
1,925

 
2.9
%
 
2,902

 
4.3
%
Tenant reimbursements & other income
5,070

 
7.8
%
 
6,805

 
10.1
%
Observatory operations
20,940

 
32.0
%
 
21,181

 
31.5
%
Broadcasting licenses and leases
6,939

 
10.6
%
 
7,698

 
11.4
%
Total
$
65,456

 
100.0
%
 
$
67,264

 
100.0
%
    
We have been undertaking a comprehensive redevelopment and repositioning strategy of our Manhattan office properties. This strategy is designed to improve the overall value and attractiveness of our properties and has contributed significantly to our tenant repositioning efforts, which seek to increase our occupancy; raise our rental rates; increase our rentable square feet; increase our aggregate rental revenue; lengthen our average lease term; increase our average lease size; and improve our tenant credit quality. These improvements include restored, renovated and upgraded or new lobbies; elevator modernization; renovated public areas and bathrooms; refurbished or new windows; upgrade and standardization of retail storefront and signage; façade restorations; modernization of building-wide systems; and enhanced tenant amenities. We have also aggregated smaller spaces in order to offer larger blocks of office space, including multiple floors, that are attractive to larger, higher credit-quality tenants and to offer new, pre-built suites with improved layouts. This strategy has shown what we believe to be attractive results to date, and we believe has the potential to improve our operating margins and cash flows in the future. We believe we will continue to enhance our tenant base and improve rents as our pre-redevelopment leases continue to expire and be re-leased. From 2002 through March 31, 2017, we have invested a total of approximately $739.0 million (excluding tenant improvement costs and leasing commissions) in our Manhattan office properties pursuant to this program. We are in the process of substantially completing the redevelopment and repositioning program as originally contemplated. We intend to fund these capital improvements through a combination of operating cash flow, cash on hand, and borrowings.
As of March 31, 2017, excluding principal amortization, we had approximately $336.0 million of debt maturing in 2017 and approximately $262.2 million of debt maturing in 2018, and we had total debt outstanding of approximately $1.6 billion, with a weighted average interest rate of 4.22% (excluding premiums and discount) and a weighted average maturity of 4.5 years. As of March 31, 2017, we had cash and cash equivalents of $532.4 million. Our consolidated net debt to total market capitalization was approximately 14.8% as of March 31, 2017.

Results of Operations
Overview
The discussion below relates to our financial condition and results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.


26



Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
The following table summarizes our historical results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 (dollars in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Change
 
%
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental revenue
$
117,113

 
$
114,908

 
$
2,205

 
1.9
 %
Tenant expense reimbursement
15,974

 
18,120

 
(2,146
)
 
(11.8
)%
Observatory revenue
20,940

 
21,181

 
(241
)
 
(1.1
)%
Third-party management and other fees
351

 
545

 
(194
)
 
(35.6
)%
Other revenues and fees
10,576

 
2,320

 
8,256

 
355.9
 %
Total revenues
164,954

 
157,074

 
7,880

 
5.0
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
42,210

 
39,104

 
3,106