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EX-21 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit21.htm
EX-24 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit24.htm
EX-32 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit32.htm
EX-31.2 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit31-1.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
-------------------------------------

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)
[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2016

OR

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________ to __________

Commission file number 000-54957

OWENS REALTY MORTGAGE, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Maryland
 
46-0778087
(State or Other Jurisdiction
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
of Incorporation or Organization)
   
     
2221 Olympic Boulevard
   
Walnut Creek, California
 
94595
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
     
(925) 935-3840
   
Registrant's Telephone Number,
   
Including Area Code
   

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
NYSE MKT
     
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: NONE

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [   ]  No [X]

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes [   ]  No [X]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (Section 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

      Large accelerated filer [   ]
        Accelerated filer [X]
   
      Non-accelerated filer [   ]
        Smaller reporting company [  ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [   ] No [X]

The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $170,518,000 on the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter, June 30, 2016, based on the closing sales price of $16.64 on that date for shares of the registrant's common stock as reported by the NYSE MKT. For this computation, the registrant has excluded the market value of all shares of its common stock reported as beneficially owned by executive officers and directors of the registrant and certain other stockholders; such an exclusion shall not be deemed to constitute an admission that any such person is an "affiliate" of the registrant.  


As of March 10, 2017, there were approximately 10,247,000 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding.


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE



None


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I
 
 
PART II
 

PART III
 

PART IV
 






EXPLANATORY NOTE REGARDING THIS ANNUAL REPORT

As previously announced, as part of a plan to reorganize our business operations so that, among other things, we could elect to qualify as a real estate investment trust (a "REIT") for federal income tax purposes,  effective May 20, 2013, Owens Mortgage Investment Fund, a California Limited Partnership (the "Predecessor" or "OMIF") merged with and into Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc., a Maryland corporation (the "Registrant") with the Registrant as the surviving corporation (the "Merger") and the Registrant commenced conducting all of the business conducted by the Predecessor.  Upon consummation of the Merger, limited partners of the Predecessor received one share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Registrant (the "Common Stock"), for every 25 limited partner units of the Predecessor  that they owned, and certain units of the Predecessor representing the general partner interest of Owens Financial Group, Inc. were also exchanged for Common Stock as is discussed in further detail in our consolidated financial statements under "Note 1 - Organization" in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Annual Report"). The rights of the stockholders of the Registrant are governed by Maryland law and the charter, bylaws and other governing documents of the Registrant.
The shares of Common Stock issued pursuant to the Merger were registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-184392), which was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC")  on February 12, 2013. Pursuant to Rule 12g-3(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), the Registrant is deemed to be the successor issuer to the Predecessor and the Registrant's Common Stock was subsequently registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act and is listed on the NYSE MKT, LLC.
References to Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc. and its subsidiaries, "ORM," the "Company," "we", "us", or "our" in this Annual Report (including in the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto in this Annual Report) have the following meanings, unless we specifically state or the context requires otherwise:
·
·
For periods prior to May 20, 2013: the Predecessor and its subsidiaries;
For periods from and after May 20, 2013: ORM and its subsidiaries.
 
PART I

Item 1. BUSINESS

We are a specialty finance company that focuses on the origination, investment and management of commercial real estate loans, primarily in the Western U.S. We provide customized, short-term loans to small and middle-market investors and developers that require speed and flexibility. We also hold investments in real estate properties. Our investment objective is to provide investors with attractive current income and long-term shareholder value.  Our Common Stock is traded on the NYSE MKT under the symbol "ORM".

We are externally managed and advised by Owens Financial Group, Inc. ("OFG" or the "Manager"), a specialized commercial real estate management company that has originated, serviced and managed alternative commercial real estate investments since 1951. OFG provides us with all of the services vital to our operations and our executive officers and other staff are all employed by OFG pursuant to the management agreement between the Company and the Manager (the "Management Agreement") and the Company's charter. The Management Agreement requires OFG to manage our business affairs in conformity with the policies and investment guidelines that are approved and monitored by our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors is composed of a majority of independent directors. The Audit, Nominating and Corporate Governance and Compensation Committees of the Board are composed exclusively of independent directors.

The Company was incorporated in Maryland on August 9, 2012. Effective May 20, 2013, OMIF, a California Limited Partnership formed in 1984 merged with and into the Company, with the Company as the surviving corporation in the Merger, and the Company commenced conducting all of the business conducted by OMIF at the effective time of the Merger.  The Merger was conducted to reorganize our business operations so that, among other things, we could elect to qualify as a real estate investment trust (a "REIT") for federal income tax purposes. As a qualified REIT we are generally not subject to federal income tax on that portion of our REIT taxable income that is distributed to our stockholders, provided that at least 90% of taxable income is distributed and provided that certain other requirements are met. Certain of our assets that produce non-qualifying income are held in taxable REIT subsidiaries. Unlike other subsidiaries of a REIT, the income of a taxable REIT subsidiary is subject to federal and state income taxes.
 
1

OFG arranges, services and maintains the loan and real estate portfolios for the Company. Our loans are secured by mortgages or deeds of trust on unimproved, improved, income-producing and non-income-producing real property, such as condominium projects, apartment complexes, shopping centers, office buildings, and other commercial or industrial properties. No single Company loan may exceed 10% of our assets as of the date the loan is made.

The following table shows the total Company stockholders' equity, loans, real estate properties and net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders as of or for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012:
 
   
ORM Stockholders'
Equity
 
Loans
 
Real Estate
Properties
 
Net Income
(Loss) Attributable to Common Stockholders
2016……………………….
 
$
215,527,877
 
$
129,682,311
 
$
113,123,398
 
$
24,409,770
 
2015……………………….
 
$
194,979,998
 
$
106,743,807
 
$
153,838,412
 
$
23,569,116
 
2014……………………….
 
$
184,571,858
 
$
68,033,511
 
$
163,016,805
 
$
7,929,629
 
2013………………………. 
 
$
179,874,410
 
$
58,796,293
 
$
135,315,964
 
$
8,732,897
 
2012……………………….
 
$
179,459,931
 
$
70,262,262
 
$
127,773,349
 
$
(1,679,820
)

As of December 31, 2016, we held investments in 55 loans, secured by liens on title and leasehold interests in real property. 53% of the loans are located in Northern California. The remaining 47% are located in Southern California, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Hawaii, Michigan, Nevada and Texas.

The following table sets forth the types and maturities of loans held by us as of December 31, 2016:

TYPES AND MATURITIES OF LOANS
(As of December 31, 2016)
 
 
Number of Loans
 
Amount
 
Percent
             
Senior loans
51
 
$
126,873,673
 
97.83%
Junior loans
4
   
2,808,638
 
2.17%
 
55
 
$
129,682,311
 
100.00%
             
Maturing on or before December 31, 2016 (past maturity)
8
 
$
13,341,827
 
10.29%
Maturing on or between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2018
42
   
103,842,135
 
80.07%
Maturing on or between January 1, 2019 and March 1, 2028
5
   
12,498,349
 
9.64%
 
55
 
$
129,682,311
 
100.00%
             
Commercial
36
 
$
102,442,111
 
79.00%
Residential
15
   
19,001,677
 
14.65%
Land
4
   
8,238,523
 
6.35%
 
55
 
$
129,682,311
 
100.00%

We have established an allowance for loan losses of approximately $2,707,000 as of December 31, 2016. The above amounts reflect the gross amounts of our loans without regard to such allowance.

The average loan balance of the loan portfolio is $2,358,000 as of December 31, 2016. Of such investments, 7.6% earn a variable rate of interest and 92.4% earn a fixed rate of interest. All were negotiated according to our investment standards.

2


We have other assets in addition to loans, comprised principally of the following, as of December 31, 2016:

·
$6,934,000 in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash required to transact our business and/or in conjunction with contingency and escrow reserve requirements;
·
$113,123,000 in real estate held for sale and investment;
·
$7,249,000 in deferred tax assets;
·
$2,140,000 in investment in limited liability company;
·
$2,164,000 in interest and other receivables;
·
$172,000 in deferred financing costs, net; and
·
$804,000 in other assets.
Delinquencies

Management does not regularly examine the existing loan portfolio to see if acceptable loan-to-value ratios are being maintained because the majority of loans in our portfolio mature in a period of only 1-2 years. Management performs an internal review on a loan secured by property in the following circumstances:

·
payments on the loan become delinquent;
·
the loan is past maturity;
·
it learns of physical changes to the property securing the loan or to the area in which the property is located; or
·
it learns of changes to the economic condition of the borrower or of leasing activity of the property securing the loan.
A review normally includes conducting a physical evaluation of the property securing the loan and the area in which the property is located, and obtaining information regarding the property's occupancy. In some circumstances, management may determine that a more extensive review is warranted, and may obtain an updated appraisal, updated financial information on the borrower or other information. As of December 31, 2016, we obtained updated appraisals on certain of the properties securing our trust deed investments and certain of our wholly- and majority- owned real estate properties.

As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, we had two and three loans, respectively, that were impaired totaling approximately $4,884,000 and $8,694,000, respectively. This included matured loans totaling $4,656,000 and $8,452,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. In addition, seven loans totaling approximately $8,686,000 were past maturity but less than 90 days delinquent in monthly payments as of December 31, 2016 (combined total of impaired and past maturity loans of $13,570,000 and $8,694,000, respectively). Of the impaired and past maturity loans none were in the process of foreclosure and none involved borrowers who were in bankruptcy as of December 31, 2016 and 2015. We foreclosed on one loan during the year ended December 31, 2016 with a principal balance of $1,079,000 and obtained the property via the trustee sale. We foreclosed on no loans during the year ended December 31, 2015.

There were no loans modified as troubled debt restructurings during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the terms of one impaired loan were modified as a troubled debt restructuring. The loan was rewritten as the borrower had paid the principal balance down partially from sale proceeds. The maturity date was extended by six months to April 2015. All other terms of the loan remained the same. Management believed that no specific loan loss allowance was needed on this modified loan given the estimated underlying collateral value. This loan was repaid in full during the fourth quarter of 2015.

Of the $8,694,000 in loans that were impaired as of December 31, 2015, $7,615,000 remained impaired (balance of $4,884,000 as of December 31, 2016) and one loan with a principal balance of $1,079,000 was foreclosed upon during 2016.

3

Following is a table representing our delinquency/impairment experience and foreclosures as of and during the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012:
 
   
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
   
2012
Delinquent/Impaired Loans
 
$
4,884,000
 
$
8,694,000
 
$
22,316,000
 
$
31,738,000
 
$
49,252,000
Loans Foreclosed
 
$
1,079,000
 
$
 
$
7,671,000
 
$
26,187,000
 
$
2,000,000
Total Loans
 
$
129,682,000
 
$
106,744,000
 
$
68,034,000
 
$
58,796,000
 
$
70,262,000
Percent of Delinquent Loans to Total Loans
   
3.77%
   
8.14%
   
32.80%
   
53.98%
   
70.10%

If the delinquency rate increases on loans held by us, our interest income will be reduced by a proportionate amount. If a loan held by us is foreclosed on, we will acquire ownership of real property and the inherent benefits and detriments of such ownership.

Compensation to the Manager

The Manager receives various forms of compensation and reimbursement of expenses from the Company and compensation from borrowers as set forth in the Company's charter and Management Agreement and summarized below.

Compensation and Reimbursement from the Company

Management Fees

Management fees are paid by the Company to the Manager monthly and cannot exceed 2.75% annually of the average unpaid balance of our loans at the end of each of the 12 months in the calendar year. Since this fee is paid monthly, it could exceed 2.75% in one or more months, but the total fee in any one year is limited to a maximum of 2.75%, and any amount paid above this must be repaid by the Manager to the Company. The Manager is entitled to receive a management fee on all loans, including those that are delinquent. The Manager believes this is justified by the added effort associated with such loans. In certain past years, the Manager has chosen not to take the maximum allowable compensation; however, in recent years, the Manager has elected to take the maximum compensation and will likely continue to take the maximum compensation for the foreseeable future.

Servicing Fees

The Manager may act as servicing agent on any or all of the loans held by the Company and expects to continue to service all such loans.  In consideration for acting as the servicing agent, the Manager receives from the Company a monthly servicing fee, which, when added to all other fees paid in connection with the servicing of a particular loan, does not exceed the lesser of the customary, competitive fee in the community where the loan is placed for the provision of such services on that type of loan or up to 0.25% per year of the unpaid balance of loans held by the Company at the end of each month. The Manager has historically been paid the maximum servicing fee allowable.

Reimbursement of Other Expenses

The Manager is reimbursed by the Company for the actual cost of goods and materials used for or by the Company and obtained from unaffiliated entities and the actual cost of services of non-management and non-supervisory personnel related to the administration of the Company (subject to certain limitations contained in our Management Agreement).

Compensation from Borrowers

In addition to compensation from the Company, the Manager also receives compensation from borrowers under our loans arranged by the Manager.

Acquisition and Origination Fees

The Manager is entitled to receive and retain all acquisition and origination fees paid or payable by borrowers for services rendered in connection with the evaluation and consideration of potential investments of the Company (including any selection fee, mortgage placement fee, nonrecurring management fee, and any origination fee, loan fee, or points paid by borrowers, or any fee of a similar nature). The acquisition and origination fees are paid by borrowers, and thus, are not an expense of the Company. These fees may be paid at the placement, extension or refinancing of the loan or at the time of final repayment of the loan. The amount of these fees is determined by competitive conditions and the Manager and may have a direct effect on the interest rate borrowers are willing to pay the Company.

4

Late Payment Charges

The Manager is entitled to receive all late payment charges paid by borrowers on delinquent loans held by the Company (including additional interest and late payment fees).  The late payment charges are paid by borrowers and collected by the Company with regular monthly loan payments or at the time of loan payoff.  These are recorded as a liability (Due to Manager) when collected and are not recognized as an expense of the Company. Generally, on the majority of our loans, the late payment fee charged to the borrower for late payments is 10% of the payment amount. In addition, on the majority of our loans, the additional interest charge required to be paid by borrowers once a loan is past maturity is in the range of 3%-5% (paid in addition to the pre-default interest rate).

Other Miscellaneous Fees

We remit other miscellaneous fees to the Manager, which are collected from loan payments, loan payoffs or advances from loan principal (i.e. funding, demand and partial release fees).

The Manager may voluntarily accept compensation that is less than the maximum fees and compensation described above, so long as no such change will result in a significant adverse impact on the stockholders of the Company.

Principal Investment Objectives

Our principal investment objectives are to preserve the capital of the Company and to provide periodic cash distributions to stockholders. It is not our intent to provide tax-sheltered income.

We invest in real estate loans primarily in the Western United States.  The loans we invest in are selected for us by OFG from loans originated by OFG or non-affiliated mortgage brokers. When OFG or a non-affiliated mortgage broker originates a loan for us, the borrower is identified, the loan application is processed and the loan is made available to us. We believe that our loans are attractive to borrowers because of the expediency of OFG's loan approval process, which is approximately ten to twenty days.

        We generally employ the same or similar underwriting standards as conventional lenders, such as banks. However, as a specialty finance lender, we are more willing to invest in real estate loans to borrowers that conventional lenders may have rejected for not being creditworthy.  When making these loans we attempt to mitigate the added risk by requiring greater equity in the property.  Borrowers are willing to pay us higher interest rates than conventional lenders charge to obtain these loans. In addition, we usually are able to generate higher fees and charge higher interest rates for our loans because we typically can underwrite and close a loan more rapidly than a conventional lender.  The loans we invest in are typically short in duration, usually less than three years, and bridge the acquisition or improvement of properties that undergo an economic transformation. The short maturity terms of our loans add a degree of risk, as the borrowers are forced to find suitable replacement financing or to sell their property in order to pay off the loan.

Investment in Real Estate Loans

Our acquisition and investment policies are to invest at least 86.5% of our capital in real estate loans and activities related thereto.  Due to the declining economy and reductions in real estate values prior to 2013, we experienced increased foreclosures which resulted in our ownership of significantly more real estate than in the past. Therefore, while we initially adhered to our policies of investing at least 86.5% of our capital in real estate loans, economic conditions beyond our control have resulted in less than 86.5% of our capital being accounted for as investments in real estate loans. As of December 31, 2016, approximately 49% of our assets were classified as investments in real estate loans (net of allowance for loan losses).  Additionally, we must maintain a contingency reserve in an aggregate amount of at least 1.5% of our capital pursuant to our charter.

5

Our loans are predominantly secured by first mortgage or deed of trust liens on the underlying properties purchased or developed with the funds that we make available. We sometimes refer to these real properties as the security properties. We invest primarily in loans on commercial, industrial and multi-family residential income-producing real property. Substantially all loans are arranged by OFG, which is licensed by the State of California as a real estate broker and California Finance Lender. During the course of its business, OFG is continuously evaluating prospective investments. OFG originates loans from mortgage brokers, previous borrowers, and by personal solicitations of new borrowers. We may purchase or participate in existing loans that were originated by other lenders. Such a loan might be obtained by us from a third party at an amount equal to or less than its face value. OFG evaluates all potential loan investments to determine if the security for the loan, loan-to-value ratio and other applicable factors meet our investment criteria and policies.  OFG locates, identifies and arranges virtually all loans we invest in and makes all investment decisions on our behalf.  In evaluating prospective loan investments, OFG considers such factors as the following:

·
the ratio of the amount of the investment to the value of the property by which it is secured;
·
the property's potential for capital appreciation;
·
expected levels of rental and occupancy rates;
·
current and projected cash flow generated by the property;
·
potential for rental rate increases;
·
the marketability of the investment;
·
geographic location of the property;
·
the condition and use of the property;
·
the property's income-producing capacity;
·
the quality, experience and creditworthiness of the borrower;
·
general economic conditions in the area where the property is located; and
·
any other factors that OFG believes are relevant.

Types of Loans

We invest in first, second, and third mortgage and deed of trust loans, wraparound and participating mortgage and deed of trust loans, construction mortgage and deed of trust loans on real property, and loans on leasehold interest mortgages and deeds of trust. We do not ordinarily make or invest in mortgage and deed of trust loans with a maturity of more than 15 years, and most loans have terms of one to three years. Virtually all loans provide for monthly payments of interest and some also provide for principal amortization. Most of our loans provide for payments of interest only and a payment of principal in full at the end of the loan term. OFG does not originate loans with negative amortization provisions. We do not have any policies directing the portion of our assets that may be invested in construction or rehabilitation loans, loans secured by leasehold interests and second, third and wrap-around mortgage and deed of trust loans. However, OFG recognizes that these types of loans are riskier than first deeds of trust on income-producing, fee simple properties and will seek to minimize the amount of these types of loans in our portfolio. Additionally, OFG will consider that these loans are riskier when determining the rate of interest on the loans.

First Mortgage Loans

First mortgage and deed of trust loans are secured by first deeds of trust on real property. Such loans are generally for terms of one to three years. In addition, such loans do not usually exceed 75% of the appraised value of improved real property and 50% of the appraised value of unimproved real property.

Second and Wraparound Mortgage Loans

Second and wraparound mortgage and deed of trust loans are secured by second or wraparound deeds of trust on real property which is already subject to prior mortgage indebtedness, in an amount which, when added to the existing indebtedness, does not generally exceed 75% of the appraised value of the secured property. A wraparound loan is one or more junior mortgage loans having a principal amount equal to the outstanding balance under the existing mortgage loans, plus the amount actually to be advanced under the wraparound mortgage loan. Under a wraparound loan, we generally make principal and interest payments on behalf of the borrower to the holders of the prior mortgage loans.

6

Third Mortgage Loans

Third mortgage and deed of trust loans are secured by third deeds of trust on real property which is already subject to prior first and second mortgage indebtedness, in an amount which, when added to the existing indebtedness, does not generally exceed 75% of the appraised value of the secured property.

Construction and Rehabilitation Loans

Construction and rehabilitation loans are loans made for both original development and renovation of property. Construction and rehabilitation loans invested in by us are generally secured by first deeds of trust on real property for terms of six months to two years. In addition, if the secured property is being developed, the amount of such loans generally will not exceed 75% of the post-development appraised value. We will not usually disburse funds on a construction or rehabilitation loan until work in the previous phase of the project has been completed, and an independent inspector has verified completion of work to be paid for. In addition, we require the submission of signed labor and material lien releases by the contractor in connection with each completed phase of the project prior to making any periodic disbursements of loan proceeds. As of December 31, 2016, our loan portfolio contains twenty-two construction/rehabilitation loans with aggregate outstanding principal balances totaling $46,330,000.

Leasehold Interest Loans

Loans on leasehold interests are secured by an assignment of the borrower's leasehold interest in the particular real property. Such loans are generally for terms of from six months to 15 years. Leasehold interest loans generally do not exceed 75% of the value of the leasehold interest at origination. The leasehold interest loans are either amortized over a period that is shorter than the lease term or have a maturity date prior to the date the lease terminates. These loans permit OFG to cure any default under the lease. As of December 31, 2016, our loan portfolio does not contain any leasehold interest loans.

Prepayment Penalties and Exit Fees

Generally, the loans we invest in do not contain prepayment penalties or exit fees. If our loans are at a high rate of interest in a market of falling interest rates, the failure to have a prepayment penalty provision or exit fee in the loan allows the borrower to refinance the loan at a lower rate of interest, thus providing a lower yield to us on the reinvestment of the prepayment proceeds. While our loans do not contain prepayment penalties, many instead require the borrower to notify OFG of the intent to payoff within a specified period of time prior to payoff (usually 30 to 120 days). If this notification is not made within the proper time frame, the borrower may be charged interest for that number of days that notification was not received.

Balloon Payment

As of December 31, 2016, 99.8% of our loans provide for a "balloon payment" on the principal amount due upon maturity of the loan (including both interest only and amortizing loans with a balloon payment). As of December 31, 2016, one loan (0.2% of total loans) was a fully amortizing loan with a principal balance of approximately $228,000 and a remaining term of 134 months. There are no specific criteria used in evaluating the credit quality of borrowers for loans requiring balloon payments. Furthermore, a substantial period of time may elapse between the review of the financial statements of the borrower and the date when the balloon payment is due. As a result, there is no assurance that a borrower will have sufficient resources to make a balloon payment when due. To the extent that a borrower has an obligation to pay the  loan principal in a large lump sum payment, its ability to repay the loan may be dependent upon its ability to sell the property, obtain suitable refinancing or otherwise raise a substantial amount of cash. As a result, these loans can involve a higher risk of default than amortizing loans (where principal is paid at the same time as the interest payments).

Repayment of Loans on Sales of Properties

We may require a borrower to repay a loan upon the sale of the secured property rather than allow the buyer to assume the existing loan. This may be done if OFG determines that repayment appears to be advantageous to us based upon then-current interest rates, the length of time that the loan has been held by us, the credit-worthiness of the buyer and our objectives and policies. The net proceeds from any sale or repayment are invested in new loans, held as cash or distributed at such times and in such intervals as OFG, in its sole discretion, determines.

7

Fixed Rate Loans

Approximately 92.4% ($119,876,000) and 87.0% ($92,816,000) of our loans as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, bear interest at a fixed rate. The weighted average interest rate of such loans as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 was approximately 7.9% and 8.1%, respectively.

Variable Rate Loans

Approximately 7.6% ($9,806,000) and 13.0% ($13,928,000) of our loans as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, bear interest at a variable rate or include terms whereby the interest rate is increased at a later date. Currently, variable rate loans use the three-month LIBOR rate (1.00% and 0.61% at December 31,  2016 and 2015, respectively) and the six-month LIBOR rate (1.32% and 0.85% at December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively). OFG may negotiate spreads over these indices of 6.5% to 9.0%, although there is no assurance that spreads will not be lower or higher depending upon market conditions at the time the loan is made.

It is possible that the interest rate index used in a variable rate loan will rise (or fall) more slowly than the interest rate of other loan investments available to us. OFG attempts to minimize this interest rate differential by tying variable rate loans to indices that are sensitive to fluctuations in market rates. Additionally, most variable rate loans originated by OFG contain provisions under which the interest rate cannot fall below the initial rate.

Variable rate loans generally have interest rate caps. We anticipate that the interest rate cap will be a ceiling that is 2% to 4% above the starting rate with a floor rate equal to the starting rate. For these loans, there is the risk that the market rate may exceed the interest cap rate.

Variable rate loans of five to ten year maturities are not assumable without the prior consent of OFG. We do not expect to invest in or purchase a significant amount of assumable loans. To minimize our risk, any borrower assuming an existing loan will be subject to the same underwriting criteria as the original borrower.

Debt Coverage Standard for Loans

Loans on commercial property generally require the net annual estimated cash flow to equal or exceed the annual payments required on the loan.

Loan Limit Amount

We limit the amount of our investment in any single loan, and the amount of our investment in loans to any one borrower, to 10% of our total assets as of the date the loan is made or purchased.

Loans to Affiliates

We will not provide loans to OFG or an affiliate except for in connection with any advance of expenses or indemnification permitted by our charter, bylaws and the Management Agreement.

Purchase of Loans from Affiliates

We may purchase loans deemed suitable for acquisition from OFG or its affiliates only if:

·
OFG makes or purchases such loans in its own name and temporarily holds title thereto for the purpose of facilitating the acquisition of such loans, and provided that such loans are purchased by us for a price no greater than the cost of such loans to OFG (except for compensation in accordance with the terms of the Management Agreement and the charter);

·
There is no other benefit arising out of such transactions to OFG;

8

·
Such loans are not in default, and;

·
Such loans otherwise satisfy, among other things, the following requirements:
·
We will not make or invest in loans on any one property if at the time of acquisition of the loan the aggregate amount of all loans outstanding on the property, including loans by the Company, would exceed an amount equal to 80% of the appraised value of the property as determined by independent appraisal, unless substantial justification exists because of the presence of other documented underwriting criteria.
·
We will limit any single loan and limit the loans to any one borrower to not more than 10% of our total assets as of the date the loan is made or purchased.
·
We will not invest in or make loans on unimproved real property in an amount in excess of 25% of our total assets.
Competition

Our major competitors in providing specialty finance loans are other mortgage REIT's, specialty finance companies, banks, savings and loan associations, thrifts, conduit lenders, institutional investors, and other entities.  No particular competitor dominates the market. Many of the companies against which we compete have substantially greater financial, technical and other resources than us. In addition, there are numerous mortgage REIT's with investment objectives similar to ours, and others may be organized in the future. Competition in the our market niche depends upon a number of factors, including price and interest rates of the loan, speed of loan processing, cost of capital, reliability, quality of service and support services. We are competitive in large part because OFG generates substantially all loans and is able to provide expedited loan approval, processing and funding. OFG has been in the business of making or investing in loans since 1951.

Regulation of the Manager

We are managed by OFG. OFG, in its capacity as our Manager, is subject to the oversight of our Board of Directors pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Management Agreement and our charter. OFG's operations as a mortgage broker are subject to extensive regulation by federal, state and local laws and governmental authorities. OFG conducts its real estate mortgage business under a license issued by the State of California. Under applicable California law, the division has broad discretionary authority over OFG's activities.

Employees

The Company does not have employees, other than six full-time and one part-time employee that work directly for its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Brannan Island, LLC and Sandmound Marina, LLC. OFG provides all of the employees (including our officers) necessary for our operations pursuant to the Management Agreement. As of December 31, 2016, OFG had eleven full-time and six part-time employees. All employees are at-will employees and none are covered by collective bargaining agreements.

Distribution of Company Information

Our Internet address is www.owensmortgage.com.  We use our web site as a routine channel for distribution of important information, including news releases, SEC filings, and certain other financial information. We post filings on our web site as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, including our annual and quarterly reports on Forms 10-K and 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K; our proxy statements; and any amendments to those reports or statements. All such postings and filings are available on our web site free of charge. The SEC's web site, www.sec.gov, contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. We also make available our code of business conduct and ethics, corporate governance guidelines, committee charters, certain Company presentations and fact sheets, and press releases. The content on any web site referred to in this Annual Report is not incorporated by reference in this Annual Report unless expressly noted.

Our Investor Relations Department can be contacted at 2221 Olympic Blvd., Walnut Creek, CA 94595, Attn: Investor Relations, or by email at investors@owensmortgage.com.


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Item 1A. RISK FACTORS

You should consider carefully the risks described below, together with the other information contained in this Annual Report, including "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and our financial statements and related notes. If any of the identified risks actually occurs, or is adversely resolved, our consolidated financial statements could be materially adversely impacted in a particular fiscal quarter or year and our business, financial condition and results of operations may suffer materially. As a result, the trading price of our Common Stock and your investment in the Company may suffer.

The risks described below are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties, including those not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Risks Related to Relationship with Our Manager

We will rely on our Manager, Owens Financial Group, Inc., to manage our day-to-day operations and select our loans for investment.

Our ability to achieve our investment objectives and to make distributions to you depends upon OFG's performance in obtaining, processing, making and brokering loans for us to invest in and determining the financing arrangements for borrowers. You will have no opportunity to evaluate the financial information or creditworthiness of borrowers, the terms of loans, the real property that is our collateral or other economic or financial data concerning our loans.  We are obligated to pay OFG an annual management fee up to 2.75% of the average unpaid balance of our outstanding loans at the end of each month.  OFG has no fiduciary obligations to us or our stockholders, is not required to devote its employees full time to our business and may devote time to business interests competitive with our business.

We depend on key personnel of our Manager with long standing business relationships, the loss of whom could threaten our ability to operate our business successfully.

Our future success depends, to a significant extent, upon the continued services of OFG as our manager and OFG's officers and employees. The loss of services of one or more members of OFG's management team could harm our business and prospects, including the services of William C. Owens (Chairman of ORM and Chief Executive Officer of OFG), Bryan H. Draper (Chief Executive Officer of ORM and Chief Financial Officer of OFG), William E. Dutra (Executive Vice President of OFG), Melina A. Platt (Chief Financial Officer of ORM and Controller of OFG), Daniel J. Worley (Senior Vice President of ORM) and Brian M. Haines (Senior Vice President of OFG), each of whom would likely be difficult to replace because of their extensive experience in the field, extensive market contacts and familiarity with our business. None of these individuals is subject to an employment, non-competition or confidentiality agreement with us or OFG, and we do not maintain "key man" life insurance policies on any of them. Our future success also depends in large part upon OFG's ability to hire and retain additional highly skilled managerial and operational personnel. OFG may require additional operations people who are experienced in obtaining, processing, making and brokering loans and who also have contacts in the relevant markets. If OFG were unable to attract and retain key personnel, the ability of OFG to make prudent investment decisions on our behalf may be impaired.

Our Manager's liability is limited under the Management Agreement, and we have agreed to indemnify our Manager against certain liabilities. As a result, we could experience poor performance or losses for which our Manager would not be liable.

     Pursuant to the Management Agreement, OFG does not assume any responsibility other than to render the services called for thereunder and is not responsible for any action of our Board of Directors in following or declining to follow its advice or recommendations. Under the terms of the Management Agreement, none of OFG, its officers, stockholders, directors, employees or advisors, among others, will be liable to us or any subsidiary of ours, to our Board of Directors, or to our or any subsidiary's stockholders, members or partners for any acts or omissions made pursuant to the Management Agreement, except for acts or omissions constituting bad faith, willful misconduct, gross negligence or reckless disregard of OFG's duties under the Management Agreement, as determined by a final court order. In addition, we have agreed to indemnify, to the fullest extent permitted by law, OFG, its officers, stockholders, directors, employees and advisors, among others, from all losses (including attorneys' fees) arising from any acts or omissions of such person made in good faith in the performance of OFG's duties under the Management Agreement and not constituting bad faith, willful misconduct, gross negligence or reckless disregard of such duties.

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Our Manager serves pursuant to a long-term Management Agreement that may be difficult to terminate and may not reflect arm's-length negotiations.

We entered into a long-term Management Agreement with OFG.  The Management Agreement was negotiated by related parties and may not reflect terms as favorable as those subject to arm's-length bargaining. The Management Agreement will continue in force for the duration of the existence of Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc., unless terminated earlier pursuant to the terms of the Management Agreement. The Management Agreement may be terminated prior to the termination of our existence: (a) upon the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock; (b) by OFG pursuant to certain procedures set forth in the Management Agreement relating to changes in compensation; (c) automatically in the event of an assignment of the Management Agreement by OFG (with certain exceptions), unless consented to by the Company with the approval of our Board of Directors and holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock entitled to vote on the matter; (d) by us upon certain conditions set forth in the Management Agreement, including a breach thereof by OFG; or (e) by OFG upon certain conditions set forth in the Management Agreement, including a breach thereof by the Company. Consequently, it may be difficult to terminate our Management Agreement and replace OFG in the event that its performance does not meet our expectations or for other reasons, unless the conditions for termination of the Management Agreement are satisfied.

Our Manager will face conflicts of interest arising from our fee structure.

OFG will receive fees from borrowers that would otherwise increase our returns. Because OFG receives all of these fees, our interests will diverge from those of OFG and William C. Owens when OFG decides whether we should charge the borrower higher interest rates or OFG should receive higher fees from borrowers.

OFG earned a total of approximately $3,585,000, $2,238,000 and $1,884,000 for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively, from ORM for managing the Company. In addition, OFG earned a total of approximately $2,588,000, $1,993,000 and $1,245,000 in fees from borrowers for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The total amount earned by OFG that is paid by borrowers represents fees on loans originated or extended for the Company (including loans fees, late payment charges and miscellaneous fees).

Our Manager will face conflicts of interest concerning the allocation of its personnel's time.

Our Manager and William C. Owens, who owns 62.5% of the outstanding shares of stock of OFG as of December 31, 2016, although unlikely, may also sponsor other real estate programs having investment objectives and policies similar to ours. As a result, OFG and William C. Owens (as well as Bryan H. Draper, William E. Dutra and other members of management that have a significant ownership interest in OFG) may have conflicts of interest in allocating their time and resources between our business and other activities. During times of intense activity in other programs and ventures, OFG and its key people may devote less time and resources to our business than they ordinarily would. Our Management Agreement with OFG does not specify a minimum amount of time and attention that OFG and its key people are required to devote to the Company. Thus, OFG may not spend sufficient time managing our operations, which could result in our not meeting our investment objectives. Currently, OFG does not sponsor other real estate programs or any other programs that have an objective and policies similar to those of the Company.

Under the Management Agreement, termination of our Manager for cause requires that we provide 30 days' prior written notice to our Manager.

Termination of the Management Agreement with our Manager for cause, including in the event that OFG engages in fraud or embezzlement, misappropriates funds or intentionally breaches the Management Agreement, requires us to provide 30 days' prior written notice to OFG.  Accordingly, if OFG engages in any of the foregoing activities (or any other activities resulting in a for cause termination), our inability to terminate the Management Agreement for at least 30 days may result in inefficiencies and uncertainties that could ultimately have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.


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Our management has limited experience operating a REIT, and we cannot assure you that our management's past experience will be sufficient to successfully manage our business as a REIT. If we fail to comply with REIT requirements, we would incur U.S. federal income taxes at the corporate level, which would reduce our distributions to you.

We have a short operating history as a REIT, and our management has limited experience in complying with the income, asset and other limitations imposed by the REIT provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). These provisions are complex, and the failure to comply with these provisions in a timely manner could prevent us from qualifying as a REIT or could force us to pay unexpected taxes and penalties. In such event, our net income would be reduced and we would have less funds available for distribution to you.

If we fail to qualify as a REIT, we would be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates. Also, unless the IRS granted us relief under certain statutory provisions, we would remain disqualified as a REIT for four years following the year we first fail to qualify. If we fail to qualify as a REIT, we would have to pay significant income taxes and therefore would have less money available for investments or for distributions to our stockholders. This would likely have a significant adverse effect on the value of our Common Stock. In addition, we would no longer be required to make distributions to our stockholders to maintain preferential U.S. federal income taxation as a REIT.

We do not have a policy that expressly prohibits our directors, officers, security holders or affiliates from engaging for their own account in business activities of the types conducted by us.
       We do not have a policy that expressly prohibits our directors, officers, security holders or affiliates from engaging for their own account in business activities of the types conducted by us. However, our code of business conduct and ethics contains a conflicts of interest policy that, unless waived in accordance with the code, prohibits our directors and executive officers, as well as personnel of OFG who provide services to us, from engaging in any transaction that involves an actual conflict of interest with us. In addition, our Management Agreement with OFG does not prevent our Manager and its affiliates from engaging in additional management or investment opportunities, some of which could compete with us.

Our Manager's lack of experience with certain real estate markets could impact its ability to make prudent investments on our behalf.

     While we invest in real estate loans throughout the United States, the majority of our loans are in the Western United States.  Real estate markets vary greatly from location to location, and the rights of secured real estate lenders vary from state to state.  OFG may originate loans for us in markets where they have limited experience.  In those circumstances, OFG intends to rely on independent real estate advisors and local legal counsel to assist them in making prudent investment decisions.  You will not have an opportunity to evaluate the qualifications of such advisors, and no assurance can be given that they will render prudent advice to OFG.

If we internalize our management functions, we may be unable to obtain key personnel, and the consideration we pay for any such internalization could be substantial, either of which could have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may engage in an internalization transaction and, become self-managed and if this were to occur, certain key employees of the Manager may not become our employees but may instead remain employees of our Manager or its affiliates. An inability to manage an internalization transaction effectively could thus result in our incurring excess costs and suffering deficiencies in our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting. Such deficiencies could cause us to incur additional costs, and our management's attention could be diverted from most effectively managing our investments. Any such loss of key personnel could adversely impact our ability to execute certain aspects of our business plan. Furthermore, in the case of any internalization transaction, we expect that we would be required to pay consideration to compensate our Manager for the internalization in an amount that we would negotiate with our Manager in good faith and which would require approval of at least a majority of our independent directors and stockholders.

Risks Related to Our Business

A prolonged economic slowdown or severe recession could harm our business.

The risks associated with our business are more acute during periods of economic slowdown or recession because these periods can be accompanied by decreased demand for consumer credit and declining real estate values. Because we are a non-conventional lender willing to invest in riskier loans, rates of delinquencies, foreclosures and losses on our loans could be higher than those generally experienced in the mortgage lending industry during periods of economic slowdown or recession. Any sustained period of increased delinquencies, foreclosures or losses could adversely affect our ability to originate, purchase and securitize loans, which could significantly harm our financial condition, liquidity and results of operations.

12

Our reserves for loan losses may prove inadequate, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial results.

We maintain an allowance for loan loss reserve to protect against probable, incurred losses and conduct a review of the appropriateness of the allowance for loan losses on a quarterly basis. This allowance is our Manager's estimate of probable credit losses inherent in the Company's loan portfolio that have been incurred as of the balance sheet date for the relevant quarter.  The allowance is established through a provision for loan losses which is charged to expense.    The overall allowance consists of two primary components: specific reserves related to impaired loans that are individually evaluated for impairment and general reserves for inherent losses related to loans that are not considered impaired and are collectively evaluated for impairment.

Our allowance for loan loss reserve reflects the Manager's then-current estimation of the probability and severity of losses within our portfolio, based on this quarterly review. Our determination of loan loss reserves relies on significant estimates regarding the fair value of loan collateral and other factors. The estimation of these fair values is a complex and subjective process. As such, there can be no assurance that the Manager's judgment will prove to be correct and that reserves will be adequate over time to protect against future losses. Such losses could be caused by factors including, but not limited to, unanticipated adverse changes in the economy or events adversely affecting specific assets, borrowers, industries in which our borrowers operate or markets in which our borrowers or their properties are located. If our allowance for loan loss reserves proves inadequate we will suffer additional losses which may have a material adverse effect on our financial performance, results of operations and amount of dividends paid. For additional information relating to the determination of our allowance for loan losses see the discussions under Item 7 – "Critical Accounting Policies – Allowance for Loan Losses, Impaired Loans and Non-accrual Status, - "Financial Condition – Allowance For Loan Losses" and  "Asset Quality" in this Annual Report.

Our results are subject to fluctuations in interest rates and other economic conditions and a significant increase in interest rates could harm our business.

      As of December 31, 2016, most of our loans do not have a prepayment penalty or exit fee. Based on our Manager's historical experience, we expect that at least 90% of our loans will continue to not have a prepayment penalty. Should interest rates decrease, our borrowers may prepay their outstanding loans with us in order to receive a more favorable rate. This may reduce the amount of income we have available to distribute to you.

      Our results of operations will vary with changes in interest rates and with the performance of the relevant real estate markets. If the economy is healthy, we expect that more investors will borrow money to acquire, develop or renovate real property. However, if the economy grows too fast, interest rates may increase too quickly and the cost of borrowing may cause real estate values to decline. Alternatively, if the economy enters a recession, real estate development may slow. A slowdown in real estate activity may reduce the opportunities for real estate lending and we may have fewer loans to make or acquire, thus reducing our revenues and the distributions you receive.

      If, at a time of relatively low interest rates, a borrower should prepay obligations that have a higher interest rate from an earlier period, we will likely not be able to reinvest the funds in loans earning that higher rate of interest. In the absence of a prepayment fee, we will receive neither the anticipated revenue stream at the higher rate nor any compensation for its loss. This is a risk if the loans we invest in do not have prepayment penalties or exit fees.

Furthermore, if interest rates were to increase significantly, the costs of borrowing may become too expensive, which may negatively impact new loan originations by reducing demand for real estate lending and could adversely affect our financial condition, liquidity and results of operations and adversely affect the market value of our Common Stock.

We may have difficulty protecting our rights as a secured lender.

We believe that our loan documents will enable us to enforce our commercial arrangements with borrowers. However, the rights of borrowers and other secured lenders may limit our practical realization of those benefits. For example:

13

 
• 
Judicial foreclosure is subject to the delays of protracted litigation. Although we expect non-judicial foreclosure to be quicker, our collateral may deteriorate and decrease in value during any delay in foreclosing on it;
 
   
 
• 
The borrower's right of redemption during foreclosure proceedings can deter the sale of our collateral and can for practical purposes require us to manage the property;
 
   
 
• 
Unforeseen environmental hazards may subject us to unexpected liability and procedural delays in exercising our rights;
 
   
 
• 
The rights of senior or junior secured parties in the same property can create procedural hurdles for us when we foreclose on collateral;
     
 
• 
We may not be able to pursue deficiency judgments after we foreclose on collateral; and
 
 
• 
State and federal bankruptcy laws can prevent us from pursuing any actions, regardless of the progress in any of these suits or proceedings.

Loan defaults, delinquencies and foreclosures will decrease our revenues and net income and your distributions.

We are in the business of investing in real estate loans, and, as such, we are subject to risk of defaults by borrowers. Our performance will be directly impacted by any defaults on the loans in our portfolio. As a specialty finance lender willing to invest in loans to borrowers who may not meet the credit standards of conventional lenders, the rate of default on our loans could be higher than those generally experienced in the real estate lending industry. Any sustained period of increased defaults could adversely affect our business, financial condition, liquidity and the results of our operations, and ultimately your distributions. We seek to mitigate the risk by estimating the value of the underlying collateral and insisting on low loan-to-value ratios. However, we cannot assure you that these efforts will fully protect us against losses on defaulted loans. Any subsequent decline in real estate values on defaulted loans could result in less security than anticipated at the time the loan was originally made, which may result in our not recovering the full amount of the loan. Any failure of a borrower to repay loans or interest on loans will reduce our revenues and your distributions and the value of your interest in the Company. In most instances, we obtain a new appraisal at the date of loan origination. In limited instances, we will accept an appraisal that is dated within twelve months of the date of loan origination, which may not reflect a decrease in the value of the real estate due to events subsequent to the date of the appraisals.

As of December 31, 2016, our portfolio had approximately $4,884,000 in delinquent and/or impaired loans (compared to $8,694,000 as of December 31, 2015). We also had approximately $78,202,000 of non-income producing real estate held for sale or investment for a total of $83,086,000 in non-performing assets, which represented approximately 32% of our total capital as of December 31, 2016.

It is possible that we will continue to experience reduced net income or further losses in the future, thus negatively impacting future distributions. As non-delinquent loans are paid off by borrowers, interest income received by us may be reduced. In addition, we may foreclose on more delinquent loans, thereby obtaining ownership of more real estate that may result in larger operating losses. Management will attempt to sell many of these properties but may need to sell them for losses or wait until market values recover in the future.

Our underwriting standards may be more lenient than those of conventional lenders, which could result in a higher percentage of foreclosed properties, which could reduce the amount of distributions to you.
Our underwriting standards and procedures may be more lenient than those of conventional lenders in that we will invest in loans secured by property that may not meet the underwriting standards of conventional real estate lenders or make loans to borrowers who may not meet the credit standards of conventional lenders.  This may lead to more non-performing assets in our loan portfolio and create additional risks to your return. We approve real estate loans more quickly than other lenders. We rely on third-party reports and information such as appraisals and environmental reports to assist in underwriting loans. We may accept documentation that was not specifically prepared for us or commissioned by us. In addition, in limited instances we may accept an appraisal that is dated within twelve months of the date of loan origination. This creates a greater risk of the information contained therein being out of date or incorrect. Generally, we will spend less time than conventional lenders assessing the character and credit history of our borrowers and the property that secures our loans. Due to the accelerated nature of our loan approval process, there is a risk that the credit inquiry we perform will not reveal all material facts pertaining to the borrower and the security. There may be a greater risk of default by our borrowers, which may impair our ability to make timely distributions to you and which may reduce the amount we have available to distribute to you.

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We typically make "balloon payment" loans, which are riskier than loans with payments of principal over an extended period of time.

The loans we invest in or purchase generally require the borrower to make a "balloon payment" on the principal amount upon maturity of the loan. A balloon payment is a large principal balance that is payable after a period of time during which the borrower has repaid none or only a small portion of the principal balance. As of December 31, 2016, 99.8% of our loans required balloon payments at the end of their terms. Loans with balloon payments are riskier than loans with even payments of principal over an extended time period like 15 or 30 years because the borrower's repayment depends on its ability to sell the property profitably, obtain suitable refinancing or otherwise raise a substantial amount of cash when the loan comes due. There are no specific criteria used in evaluating the credit quality of borrowers for loans requiring balloon payments. Furthermore, a substantial period of time may elapse between the review of the financial statements of the borrower and the date when the balloon payment is due. As a result, there is no assurance that a borrower will have sufficient resources to make a balloon payment when due.

Incorrect original collateral assessment (valuation) could result in losses and decreased distributions to you.

Appraisals are obtained from qualified, independent appraisers on all properties securing trust deeds, which may have been commissioned by the borrower and may precede the placement of the loan with us. However, there is a risk that the appraisals prepared by these third parties are incorrect, which could result in defaults and/or losses related to these loans.

Completed, written appraisals are not always obtained on our loans prior to original funding, due to the quick underwriting and funding required on the majority of our loans. Although the loan officers often discuss value with the appraisers and perform other due diligence and calculations to determine property value prior to funding, there is a risk that we may make a loan on a property where the appraised value is less than estimated, which could increase the loan's loan-to-value, or LTV, ratio and subject us to additional risk.

We may make a loan secured by a property on which the borrower previously commissioned an appraisal. Although we generally require such appraisal to have been made within one year of funding the loan, there is a risk that the appraised value is less than the actual value, increasing the loan's LTV ratio and subjecting us to additional risk.

Investments in construction and rehabilitation loans may be riskier than loans secured by operating properties.

As of December 31, 2016, our loan portfolio contains twenty-two construction or rehabilitation loans with principal balances aggregating $46,330,000 (including four fully funded loans in the amount of $5,620,000), and we have commitments to fund an additional $31,490,000 on such loans in the future (including interest reserves on these and other loans). We may make additional construction and rehabilitation loan commitments in the future. Construction and rehabilitation loans may be riskier than loans secured by properties with an operating history, because:

 
• 
the application of the loan proceeds to the construction or rehabilitation project must be assured;
     
 
• 
the completion of planned construction or rehabilitation may require additional financing by the borrower; and
     
 
• 
permanent financing of the property may be required in addition to the construction or rehabilitation loan.

Investments in loans secured by leasehold interests may be riskier than loans secured by fee interests in properties.

Although our loan portfolio does not contain any loans secured by leasehold interests as of December 31, 2016, we have made such loans in the past, and we may resume leasehold-secured lending in the future. Loans secured by leasehold interests are riskier than loans secured by real property because the loan is subordinate to the lease between the property owner (lessor) and the borrower, and our rights in the event the borrower defaults are limited to stepping into the position of the borrower under the lease, subject to its requirements of rents and other obligations and period of the lease.
 
15

Investments in second, third and wraparound mortgage and deed of trust loans may be riskier than loans secured by first deeds of trust.

Second, third and wraparound mortgage and deed of trust loans (those under which we generally make the payments to the holders of the prior liens) are riskier than first mortgage and deed of trust loans because:

 
• 
their position is subordinate in the event of default; and
     
 
there could be a requirement to cure liens of a senior loan holder, and, if this is not done, we would lose our entire interest in the loan.

 
As of December 31, 2016, our loan portfolio contained 2.2% in second mortgage and deed of trust loans and 0% in third mortgage and deed of trust loans. As of December 31, 2016, we were not invested in any wraparound mortgage or deed of trust loans.

Larger loans result in less diversity and may increase risk.

As of December 31, 2016, we were invested in a total of 55 loans, with an aggregate book value of approximately $129,682,000. The average book value of those loans was approximately $2,358,000, and the median book value was $1,480,000. Twelve of such loans had a book value each of 3% or more of the aggregate book value of all loans, and the largest loan relationship had a total book value of 6.5% of all loans.

As a general rule, we can decrease risk of loss from delinquent loans by investing in a greater total number of loans. Investing in fewer, larger loans generally decreases diversification of the portfolio and increases risk of loss and possible reduction of return to investors in the case of a delinquency of such a loan.

Loan repayments are less likely in a volatile market environment.

In a market in which liquidity is essential to our business, loan repayments have been a significant source of liquidity for us. However, in recent years, many financial institutions curtailed new lending activity and real estate owners have had and may continue to have difficulty refinancing their loans at maturity. If borrowers are not able to refinance our loans at their maturity, the loans could go into default and the liquidity that we would receive from such repayments will not be available. Furthermore, without a properly functioning commercial real estate finance market, borrowers that are performing on their loans may be forced to extend such loans if allowed, which will further delay our ability to access liquidity through repayments.

We depend upon real estate security to secure our real estate loans, and we may suffer a loss if the value of the underlying property declines.

We depend upon the value of real estate security to protect us on the loans that we make. We utilize the services of independent appraisers to value the security underlying our loans. However, notwithstanding the experience of the appraisers, mistakes can be made, or the value of the real estate may decrease due to subsequent events. Our appraisals are generally dated within 12 months of the date of loan origination and may have been commissioned by the borrower. Therefore, the appraisals may not reflect a decrease in the value of the real estate due to events subsequent to the date of the appraisals. For a construction loan most of the appraisals will be prepared on an as-if developed basis. If the loan goes into default prior to completion of the project, the market value of the property may be substantially less than the appraised value. Additional capital may be required to complete a project in order to realize the full value of the property.  If a default occurs and we do not have the capital to complete a project, we may not recover the full amount of our loan.

By becoming the owner of property, we may incur additional obligations, which may reduce the amount of funds available for distribution.

We intend to own real property only if we foreclose on a defaulted loan and purchase the property at the foreclosure sale. Acquiring a property at a foreclosure sale may involve significant costs. If we foreclose on a security property, we expect to obtain the services of a real estate broker and pay the broker's commission in connection with the sale of the property. We may incur substantial legal fees and court costs in acquiring a property through contested foreclosure and/or bankruptcy proceedings. In addition, significant expenditures, including property taxes, maintenance costs, renovation expenses, mortgage payments, insurance costs and related charges, must be made on any property we own, regardless of whether the property is producing any income.

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Under applicable environmental laws, any owner of real property may be fully liable for the costs involved in cleaning up any contamination by materials hazardous to the environment. Even though we might be entitled to indemnification from the person that caused the contamination, there is no assurance that the responsible person would be able to indemnify us to the full extent of our liability. Furthermore, we would still have court and administrative expenses for which we may not be entitled to indemnification.

Foreclosures subject us to additional risks associated with owning real estate.

We have obtained title to a number of real estate assets that previously served as collateral on defaulted loans. These assets expose us to additional risks, including, without limitation:
 
 
• 
earning less income and reduced cash flows on foreclosed properties than could be earned and received on loans;
     
 
incurring costs to carry, and in some cases make repairs or improvements to these assets, which requires additional liquidity and results in additional expenses that could exceed our original estimates and impact our operating results;
 
   
 
not being able to realize sufficient amounts from sales of the properties to avoid losses;
     
 
not being able to sell properties, which are not liquid assets, in a timely manner when we need to increase liquidity through asset sales;
     
 
• 
properties being acquired with one or more co-owners (called tenants-in-common) where development or sale requires written agreement or consent by all; without timely agreement or consent, we could suffer a loss from being unable to develop or sell the property;
 
   
 
maintaining occupancy of the properties;
     
 
controlling operating expenses;
     
 
coping with general and local market conditions;
     
 
complying with changes in laws and regulations pertaining to taxes, use, zoning and environmental protection;
     
 
possible liability for injury to persons and property;
     
 
possible uninsured losses related to environmental events such as earthquakes, floods and/or mudslides; and
     
 
possible liability for environmental remediation.

 
During the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, we recorded impairment losses on three and one of our real estate properties held for sale and investment in the aggregate amount of approximately $3,228,000 and $1,589,000, respectively.

Development on properties we acquire creates risks associated with developing real estate that we do not have as a lender.

Some of the properties that we acquire, primarily through foreclosure proceedings, may face competition from newer, more updated properties. In order to remain competitive and increase occupancy at these properties and/or make them attractive to potential purchasers, we may develop, make significant capital improvements and/or incur costs associated with correcting deferred maintenance with respect to these properties. This could be done singly or in combination with other persons or entities through a joint venture, limited liability company or partnership, with OFG and/or unrelated third parties. The cost of these improvements and deferred maintenance items may impair our financial performance and liquidity and create the following additional risks:

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• 
Reliance upon the skill and financial stability of third party developers and contractors;
     
 
• 
Inability to obtain governmental permits;
     
 
• 
Delays in construction of improvements;
 
 
• 
Increased costs during development and the need to obtain additional financing to pay for the development and reduced liquidity and capital available for us to invest in new loans; and
 
 
• 
Economic and other factors affecting the timing or price of sale or the leasing of developed property, including competition with entities seeking to dispose of similar properties.
 
We may be required to make significant capital expenditures to improve our foreclosed properties in order to retain and attract tenants, causing a decline in operating revenue and reducing cash available for investment in loans, debt service and distributions to you.

If adverse economic conditions continue in the real estate market, we expect that, upon expiration of leases at our properties, we will be required to make rent or other concessions to tenants, and/or accommodate requests for renovations, build-to-suit remodeling and other improvements. As a result, we may have to make significant capital or other expenditures in order to retain tenants whose leases expire and to attract new tenants. Additionally, we may need to raise capital to make such expenditures. If we are unable to do so or capital is otherwise unavailable, we may be unable to make the required expenditures. This could result in non-renewals by tenants upon expiration of their leases, which would result in declines in revenue from operations and reduce cash available for loan investments, debt service and distributions to you.

With respect to properties we acquire through foreclosure, we may be unable to renew leases or re-lease space as leases expire on favorable terms or at all, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, cash available for distribution to you, per share trading price of our Common Stock and our ability to satisfy our debt service obligations.

Because we compete with a number of real estate operators in connection with the leasing of our properties, the possibility exists that one or more of our tenants will extend or renew its lease with us when the lease term expires on terms that are less favorable to us than the terms of the then-expiring lease, or that such tenant or tenants will not renew at all. Because we depend, in large part, on rental payments from our tenants, if one or more tenants renews its lease on terms less favorable to us or does not renew its lease, or if we do not re-lease a significant portion of the space made available, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, cash available for distribution, per-share trading price of our Common Stock and ability to satisfy our debt service obligations could be materially adversely affected.

If any of our foreclosed properties incurs a vacancy, it could be difficult to sell or re-lease.

One or more of our properties may incur a vacancy by either the continued default of a tenant under its lease or the expiration of one of our leases. Certain of our properties may be specifically suited to the particular needs of a tenant (e.g., a retail bank branch or distribution warehouse), and major renovations and expenditures may be required in order for us to re-lease vacant space for other uses. We may have difficulty obtaining a new tenant for any vacant space we have in our properties. If the vacancy continues for a long period of time, we may suffer reduced revenues, resulting in less cash available to be distributed to you. In addition, the resale value of a property could be diminished because the market value of a particular property will depend principally upon the value of the leases of such property.

Our properties may be subject to impairment charges.

We periodically evaluate our real estate investments for impairment indicators. The judgment regarding the existence of impairment indicators is based on factors such as market conditions, tenant performance and legal structure. For example, the early termination of, or default under, a lease by a tenant may lead to an impairment charge. If we determine that an impairment has occurred, we would be required to make an adjustment to the net carrying value of the property, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations in the period in which the impairment charge is recorded.

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Operating expenses of our properties acquired through foreclosure will reduce our cash flow and funds available for future distributions.

For certain of our properties acquired through foreclosure, we are responsible for operating costs of the property. In some of these instances, our leases require the tenant to reimburse us for all or a portion of these costs, in the form of either an expense reimbursement or increased rent. Our reimbursement may be limited to a fixed amount or a specified percentage annually. To the extent operating costs exceed our reimbursement, our returns and net cash flows from the property and hence our overall operating results and cash flows could be materially adversely affected.

We would face potential adverse effects from tenant defaults, bankruptcies or insolvencies.

The bankruptcy of our tenants may adversely affect the income generated by our properties. If our tenant files for bankruptcy, we generally cannot evict the tenant solely because of such bankruptcy. In addition, a bankruptcy court could authorize a bankrupt tenant to reject and terminate its lease with us. In such a case, our claim against the tenant for unpaid and future rent would be subject to a statutory cap that might be substantially less than the remaining rent actually owed under the lease, and it is unlikely that a bankrupt tenant would pay in full amounts it owes us under the lease. Any shortfall resulting from the bankruptcy of one or more of our tenants could adversely affect our cash flow and results of operations.

Geographical concentration of loans may result in additional delinquencies.

Northern California real estate secured approximately 53% of the total loans held by us as of December 31, 2016. Northern California consists of Monterey, Kings, Fresno, Tulare and Inyo counties and all counties north of those. In addition, 22%, 8%, 5%, 4%, 3%, 3%, 1% and 1% of total loans were secured by Southern California, Michigan, Texas, Arizona, Nevada, Ohio, Colorado and Hawaii real estate, respectively. These concentrations may increase the risk of delinquencies on our loans when the real estate or economic conditions of one or more of those areas are weaker than elsewhere, for reasons such as:

 
• 
economic recession in that area;
 
 
• 
overbuilding of commercial or residential properties; and
 
 
• 
relocations of businesses outside the area due to factors such as costs, taxes and the regulatory environment.
 
These factors also tend to make more commercial or residential real estate available on the market and reduce values, making suitable loans less available to us. In addition, such factors could tend to increase defaults on existing loans.

Our loans are not insured or guaranteed by any governmental agency.

Our loans are not insured or guaranteed by a federally-owned or -guaranteed mortgage agency. Consequently, our recourse if there is a default may only be to foreclose upon the real property securing a loan. The value of the foreclosed property may have decreased and may not be equal to the amount outstanding under the corresponding loan, resulting in a decrease of the amount available to distribute to you.

Our loans permit prepayment, which may lower returns.

The majority of our loans do not include prepayment penalties for a borrower paying off a loan prior to maturity. The absence of a prepayment penalty in our loans may lead borrowers to refinance higher interest rate loans in a market of falling interest rates. This would then require us to reinvest the prepayment proceeds in loans or alternative short-term investments with lower interest rates and a corresponding lower return to you.

Equity or cash flow participation in loans could result in loss of our secured position in loans.

We may obtain participation in the appreciation in value or in the cash flow from a secured property. If a borrower defaults and claims that this participation makes the loan comparable to equity (like stock) in a joint venture, we might lose our secured position as lender in the property. Other creditors of the borrower might then wipe out or substantially reduce our investment. We could also be exposed to the risks associated with being an owner of real property. We are not presently involved in any such arrangements.

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If a third party were to assert successfully that one of our loans was actually a joint venture with the borrower, there might be a risk that we could be liable as joint venturer for the wrongful acts of the borrower toward the third party.

We face intense competition, which may decrease or prevent increases in the occupancy and rental rates of our properties.

We compete with numerous developers, owners and operators of retail, industrial and office real estate, many of which own properties similar to ours in the same markets in which our properties are located. If one of our properties becomes vacant and our competitors offer space at rental rates below current market rates, or below the rental rates we currently charge our tenants, we may lose existing or potential tenants and we may be pressured to reduce our rental rates below those we currently charge or to offer substantial rent abatements. As a result, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, per share trading price of our Common Stock and ability to satisfy our debt service obligations and to make distributions to you may be adversely affected.

We face competition for real estate loans that may reduce available returns and fees available.

Our competitors consist primarily of other mortgage REIT's, conventional real estate lenders and real estate loan investors, including commercial banks, insurance companies, mortgage brokers, pension funds and other institutional lenders. Many of the companies against which we and OFG compete have substantially greater financial, technical and other resources than us or OFG. If our competitors decrease interest rates on their loans or make funds more easily accessible, we may be required to reduce our interest rates, which would reduce our revenues and the distributions you receive.

We may be unable to invest capital into new loans on acceptable terms or at all, which would adversely affect our operating results.

We may not be able to identify loan opportunities that meet our investment criteria, and we may not be successful in closing the loans we identify, which would adversely affect our results of operations.

We expect our real estate loans will not be marketable, and we expect no secondary market to develop.

We do not expect our real estate loans to be marketable, and we do not expect a secondary market to develop for them. As a result, we will generally bear all the risk of our investment until the loans mature. This will limit our ability to hedge our risk in changing real estate markets and may result in reduced returns to our investors.

Some losses that might occur to borrowers may not be insured and may result in defaults.

Our loans require that borrowers carry adequate hazard insurance for our benefit. Some events, however, are uninsurable, or insurance coverage for them is economically not practicable. Losses from earthquakes, floods or mudslides, for example, which occur in California, may be uninsured and cause losses to us on entire loans. Since December 31, 2016, no such loan loss has occurred.

While we are named loss payee in all cases and will receive notification in event of a loss, if a borrower allows insurance to lapse, an event of loss could occur before we know of the lapse and have time to obtain insurance ourselves.

Insurance coverage may be inadequate to cover property losses, even though OFG imposes insurance requirements on borrowers that it believes are reasonable.

If any of our insurance carriers become insolvent, we could be adversely affected.

We carry several different lines of insurance, placed with several large insurance carriers. If any one of these large insurance carriers were to become insolvent, we would be forced to replace the existing insurance coverage with another suitable carrier, and any outstanding claims would be at risk for collection. In such an event, we cannot be certain that we would be able to replace the coverage at similar or otherwise favorable terms. Replacing insurance coverage at unfavorable rates and the potential of uncollectible claims due to carrier insolvency could adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows.

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The impact of any future terrorist attacks exposes us to certain risks.

Any future terrorist attacks, the anticipation of any such attacks, and the consequences of any military or other response by the United States and its allies may have an adverse impact on the U.S. financial markets and the economy in general. We cannot predict the severity of the effect that any such future events would have on the U.S. financial markets, including the real estate capital markets, the economy or our business. Any future terrorist attacks could adversely affect the credit quality of some of our loans and investments. Some of our loans and investments will be more susceptible to such adverse effects than others. We may suffer losses as a result of the adverse impact of any future terrorist attacks, and these losses may adversely impact our results of operations.

Cybersecurity threats or other security breaches could compromise sensitive information belonging to us or our employees, borrowers, lessees, clients and other counterparties and could harm our business and our reputation.

We and our Manager store sensitive data, including our proprietary business information and that of our borrowers, lessees, clients and other counterparties, and confidential information regarding employees, on our networks. Despite our security measures, our information technology and infrastructure may be vulnerable to attacks by hackers or breached due to employee error, malfeasance or other disruptions that could result in unauthorized disclosure or loss of sensitive information. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access to networks, or to sabotage systems, change frequently and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. Furthermore, in the operation of our business we also use third-party vendors that store certain sensitive data and these third parties are subject to their own cybersecurity threats. Any security breach of our own or a third-party vendor's systems could cause us to be non-compliant with applicable laws or regulations, subject us to legal claims or proceedings, disrupt our operations, damage our reputation, and cause a loss of confidence in our products and services, any of which could adversely affect our business.

Risks Related to Our Financing

We have entered into Credit Facilities and other borrowing arrangements. Additional borrowings by us will increase your risk and may reduce the amount we have available to distribute to you.

We have entered into three credit agreements with three different lenders, which agreements provide us with one line of credit, one construction loan and one term loan (the "Credit Facilities").

We may borrow funds under the Credit Facilities or from additional sources, if available, to expand our capacity to invest in real estate loans, make improvements to our real estate assets, or for other business purposes. Such borrowings will require us to carefully manage our cost of funds. No assurance can be given that we will be successful in this effort to manage our cost of funds or to obtain additional borrowings if needed. Should we be unable to repay the indebtedness and make the interest payments on the Credit Facilities or any other loans, the lenders will likely declare us in default and require that we repay all amounts owing under the applicable loan facility. Even if we are repaying the indebtedness in a timely manner, interest payments owing on the borrowed funds may reduce our income and the distributions you receive.

We may borrow funds from several sources in addition to the Credit Facilities, and the terms of any indebtedness we incur may vary. However, some lenders may require as a condition of making a loan to us that the lender will receive a priority on loan repayments received by us. As a result, if we do not collect 100% on our investments, the first dollars may go to our lenders and we may incur a loss which will result in a decrease of the amount available for distribution to you. In addition, we may enter into securitization arrangements in order to raise additional funds. Such arrangements could increase our leverage and adversely affect our cash flow and our ability to make distributions to you.

We may not be able to access the debt or equity capital markets, or sell our real estate assets, on favorable terms, or at all, which would limit our liquidity and adversely affect our operating results.

We require substantial capital and sufficient liquidity to fund and grow our business.  Without capital and liquidity we would be unable to fund new loans, and could be unable to meet our scheduled debt payments and our funding commitments to borrowers. We have relied on proceeds from secured borrowings, repayments from our loan assets and proceeds from asset sales to fund our operations, meet our debt maturities and make new loans, and we expect to continue to rely primarily on these sources of liquidity for the foreseeable future.

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While we had access to various sources of capital in 2016, our ability to access capital in 2017 and beyond will be subject to a number of factors, many of which are outside of our control, such as conditions prevailing in the credit and real estate markets. There can be no assurance that we will have access to liquidity when needed or on terms that are acceptable to us. We may also encounter difficulty in selling assets or executing capital raising strategies on acceptable terms in a timely manner. Our inability to obtain adequate capital could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, and operating results, which might result in our inability to meet current loan funding commitments or customer demand for our loans, both of which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

If the market value of the collateral pledged by us to a funding source declines, our financial condition could deteriorate rapidly.

The loans and real estate assets that we pledge as collateral could have a rapid decrease in market value. If the value of the collateral we pledge were to decline, we may be required by the lending institutions we borrow from to provide additional collateral or pay down a portion of the funds advanced. We may not have the funds available to pay down such debt, which could result in defaults. Providing additional collateral, if available, to support these potential credit facilities would reduce our liquidity and limit our ability to leverage our assets. In the event we do not have sufficient liquidity to meet such requirements, lending institutions can accelerate the indebtedness, increase interest rates and terminate our ability to borrow. Furthermore, facility providers may require us to maintain a certain amount of uninvested cash or set aside unlevered assets to maintain a specified liquidity position which would allow us to satisfy our collateral obligations. As a result, we may not be able to leverage our assets as fully as we would choose, which could reduce our return on assets. In the event that we are unable to meet these collateral obligations, our financial condition could deteriorate rapidly.

We may utilize a significant amount of additional debt to finance our operations, which may compound losses and reduce cash available for distributions to you.

We may further leverage our portfolio through the use of securitizations, issuance of debt securities, additional bank credit facilities, repurchase agreements, and other borrowings. The leverage we may deploy will vary depending on our availability of funds, ability to obtain credit facilities, the loan-to-value and debt service coverage ratios of our assets, the yield on our assets and our financial performance. Substantially all of our assets are pledged as collateral for our borrowings. Our return on our investments and cash available for distribution to our stockholders may be reduced to the extent that changes in market conditions cause the cost of our financing to increase relative to the income that we can derive from our real estate assets.

Our use of leverage may create a mismatch with the duration and index of the investments that we are financing.

We attempt to structure our leverage such that we minimize the difference between the term of our investments and the leverage we use to finance such an investment. In the event that our leverage is for a shorter term then the financed investment, we may not be able to extend or find appropriate replacement leverage, and that would have an adverse impact on our liquidity and our returns. In the event that our leverage is for a longer term than the financed investment, we may not be able to repay such leverage or replace the financed investment with an optimal substitute or at all, which will negatively impact our returns. In addition, we generally originate fixed rate loan investments and partially finance those investments with floating rate liabilities. Our investments in fixed rate assets are generally exposed to changes in value due to interest rate fluctuations; however, the short maturity and low debt to investments of our loan portfolio partially offset that risk.

If interest rates rise, our debt service costs will increase and the value of our loans and properties may decrease.

Our Credit Facilities and certain other borrowings bear interest at variable rates, and we may incur additional debt in the future. Increases in market interest rates would increase our interest expense under these debt obligations and would increase the costs of refinancing existing indebtedness or obtaining new debt. Additionally, increases in market interest rates may result in a decrease in the liquidity and value of our loans, most of which are made at a fixed rate, and our real estate holdings, and could make it more difficult for borrowers of our mortgage loans to refinance the loans with third party lenders or otherwise repay our loans.  Accordingly, these increases could adversely affect our financial position and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders and the market price of our Common Stock.

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The covenants in our Credit Facilities might adversely affect us.

Our Credit Facilities require us to satisfy certain affirmative and negative covenants and to meet numerous financial tests, and also contain certain default and cross-default provisions. If any future failure to comply with one or more of these covenants resulted in the loss of one or more of these Credit Facilities and/or required the immediate repayment of advances under the Credit Facilities and we were unable to obtain suitable replacement financing, such loss could have a material, adverse impact on our financial position and results of operations and ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

We may not be able to obtain leverage at the level or at the cost of funds necessary to optimize our return on investment.

Our future return on investment may depend, in part, upon our ability to grow our portfolio of invested assets through the use of leverage at a cost of debt that is lower than the yield earned on our investments. We may obtain leverage through credit agreements, issuance of debt securities and other borrowings. Our future ability to obtain the necessary leverage on beneficial terms ultimately depends upon, among other things, global and regional market conditions and the quality of the portfolio assets that collateralize our indebtedness. Our failure to obtain and/or maintain leverage at desired levels, or to obtain leverage on attractive terms, would have a material adverse effect on our performance. Moreover, we may be dependent upon a few lenders to provide financing under credit agreements for our origination of loans, and there can be no assurance that these agreements will be renewed or extended at expiration.

Prolonged disruptions in the financial markets could affect our ability to obtain financing on reasonable terms and have other adverse effects on us and the market price of our Common Stock.

Commercial real estate is particularly adversely affected by a prolonged economic downturn and liquidity crisis. These circumstances may materially impact liquidity in the financial markets and result in the scarcity of certain types of financing and make certain financing terms less attractive. Our profitability will be adversely affected if we are unable to obtain cost-effective financing for our investments. A prolonged downturn in the stock or credit markets may cause us to seek alternative sources of potentially less attractive financing. In addition, these factors may make it more difficult for our borrowers to repay our loans as they may experience difficulties in selling assets, increased costs of financing or obtaining financing at all. These events in the stock and credit markets may also make it difficult or unlikely for us to raise capital through the issuance of debt securities or our Common Stock or preferred stock. These disruptions in the financial markets may also have a material adverse effect on the value of (and our ability to sell) our real estate assets and on the market value of our Common Stock, and may have other adverse effects on us or the economy in general.

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

The public market for our Common Stock may be limited.

There may be limited interest in investing in our Common Stock and, while we are listed on the NYSE MKT and our shares have been trading for a relatively short period, we cannot assure you that an established or liquid trading market for the Common Stock will develop or that it will continue if it does develop. In the absence of a liquid public market with adequate investor demand, you may be unable to liquidate your investment in our Common Stock.

Sales of our Common Stock could have an adverse effect on our stock price.

Sales of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock could adversely affect the market price for our Common Stock. Subject to the restrictions on ownership and transfer in our charter, all of the shares of Common Stock issued in the Merger, other than any shares issued to an "affiliate" under the Securities Act, are freely tradable without restriction or further registration under the Securities Act. In addition, none of our shares outstanding at the date of the Merger were subject to lock-up agreements. We cannot predict the effect that future sales of our Common Stock will have on the market price of our Common Stock.

The market price and trading volume of our Common Stock may be volatile.

The market price of our Common Stock may be highly volatile and be subject to wide fluctuations. In addition, the trading volume in our Common Stock may fluctuate and cause significant price variations to occur. Given the level of redemption requests by limited partners prior to the Merger, there could be some continuing downward pressure on the market price of our Common Stock after the Merger as stockholders liquidate their investment in the Company. Additionally, the Company will be dissolved on December 31, 2034, unless our charter is amended. As we move closer to the dissolution date, we expect to stop making new loans, and we expect that our stock price will approach our book value per share though there can be no assurances that this will occur.

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We cannot assure you that the market price of our Common Stock will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future. Some of the factors, many of which are beyond our control, that could negatively affect our stock price or result in fluctuations in the price or trading volume of our Common Stock include:

 
• 
additional increases in loans defaulting or becoming non-performing or being written off;
 
 
• 
actual or anticipated variations in our operating results or our distributions to stockholders;
 
 
sales of (or the inability to sell in a timely manner) and prices we receive for significant real estate properties;
 
 
• 
publication of research reports about us or the real estate industry, or changes in recommendations or in estimated financial results by securities analysts who provide research to the marketplace on us, our competitors or our industry;
 
 
• 
changes in market valuations of similar companies;
 
 
• 
changes in tax laws affecting REITs;
 
 
• 
adverse market reaction to any increased indebtedness we incur; and
 
 
• 
general market and economic conditions, including, among other things, actual and projected interest rates and the market for the types of assets that we hold or invest in.
 
Market interest rates could have an adverse effect on our stock price.

One of the factors that will influence the price of our Common Stock will be the distribution return on our Common Stock (as a percentage of the price of our Common Stock) relative to market interest rates. Thus, an increase in market interest rates may lead prospective purchasers of our Common Stock to expect a higher distribution yield, which would adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

Changes in market conditions could adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

As with other publicly traded equity securities, the value of our Common Stock depends on various market conditions which may change from time to time. Among the market conditions that may affect the value of our Common Stock are the following:

·
the general reputation of REITs and the attractiveness of our equity securities in comparison to other equity securities, including securities issued by other real estate related companies;

·
our financial performance; and

·
general stock and credit market conditions.

Management believes that the market value of our Common Stock is based primarily upon the market's perception of our growth potential and our current and potential future earnings dividends. Consequently, our Common Stock may trade at prices that are higher or lower than our book value per share of Common Stock. If our future earnings or dividends are less than expected, it is likely that the market price of our Common Stock will diminish.

We may continue to incur increased costs as a result of being a listed company.

Our Common Stock is listed on the NYSE MKT. As a listed company, we have incurred additional legal, accounting and other expenses that we did not incur as a non-listed company. We have also incurred costs associated with corporate governance requirements, as well as new accounting pronouncements and new rules implemented by the SEC, NYSE MKT, or any other applicable national securities exchange. Any expenses required to comply with evolving standards may result in increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management time and attention from our business. In addition, these laws and regulations could make it more difficult or more costly for us to obtain certain types of insurance, including director and officer liability insurance, and we may be forced to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially greater costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. We are currently evaluating and monitoring developments with respect to these laws and regulations and cannot predict or estimate the amount or timing of additional costs we may incur in responding to their requirements.

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United States Federal Income Tax Risks Relating to Our REIT Qualification

Our failure to qualify as a REIT would subject us to U.S. federal income tax, which would reduce amounts available for distribution to our stockholders.

We are taxed as a REIT under the Code. Our qualification as a REIT requires us to satisfy numerous requirements (some on an annual and quarterly basis) established under highly technical and complex Code provisions for which there are only limited judicial or administrative interpretations and involves the determination of various factual matters and circumstances not entirely within our control. We intend that our organization and method of operation will qualify us as a REIT, but we may not be able to remain so qualified in the future. Future legislation, new regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions could adversely affect our ability to qualify as a REIT or adversely affect our stockholders.

We intend to hold certain property foreclosed upon by OMIF prior to the REIT conversion through one or more wholly-owned corporate taxable REIT subsidiaries.  Under the Code, no more than 25% of the value of the assets of a REIT may be represented by securities of one or more taxable REIT subsidiaries, and a taxable REIT subsidiary generally cannot operate a lodging or health care facility. These limitations may limit our ability to hold properties through taxable REIT subsidiaries. In the event that we determine that the foreclosed properties are held for investment and, therefore, are not subject to the 100% tax on prohibited transactions, there is no guarantee that the IRS will agree with our determination.  Finally, in the event that any of our foreclosed properties constitute lodging or health care facilities that cannot be operated by a taxable REIT subsidiary, such properties will be operated by an "eligible independent contractor," as defined in Section 856(d)(9)(A) of the Code.

If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we would be subject to U.S. federal income tax (including any applicable alternative minimum tax) on our taxable income at corporate rates, and we would not be allowed to deduct distributions made to our stockholders in computing our taxable income. We may also be disqualified from treatment as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year in which we failed to qualify. The additional tax liability would reduce our net earnings available for investment or distribution to stockholders. In addition, we would no longer be required to make distributions to our stockholders. Even if we continue to qualify as a REIT, we will continue to be subject to certain U.S. federal, state and local taxes on our income and property.

We cannot assure you that we will have access to funds to meet our distribution and tax obligations.

In order to qualify as a REIT, we will be required each year to distribute to our stockholders at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and by excluding any net capital gain). Furthermore, we will be subject to corporate-level U.S. federal income taxation on our undistributed income and gain. We intend to make distributions to our stockholders of substantially all of our taxable income so as to comply with the 90% distribution requirement and limit corporate-level U.S. federal income taxation of the Company. We currently intend to retain all capital gain. Although we generally do not intend to make distributions in excess of our REIT taxable income, we may do so from time to time. A distribution of REIT taxable income or net capital gain generally will be a taxable distribution to you and not represent a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes. If we make distributions in excess of our REIT taxable income and any net capital gain, the excess portion of these distributions generally would represent a non-taxable return of capital for such purposes up to your tax basis in your Common Stock and then generally capital gain. The portion of any distribution treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes would reduce your tax basis in your Common Stock by a corresponding amount. Differences in timing between taxable income and cash available for distribution could require us to borrow funds or raise capital by selling assets to enable us to meet these distribution requirements. We also could be required to pay taxes and liabilities in the event we were to fail to qualify as a REIT. Our inability to retain taxable income (resulting from these distribution requirements) generally may require us to refinance debt that matures with additional debt or equity. There can be no assurance that any of these sources of funds, if available at all, would be available to meet our distribution and tax obligations.

25

Changes in the tax laws or other legislation could make investments in REITs less attractive and have a negative effect on us.

The U.S. federal income tax laws governing REITs and the administrative interpretations of those laws are constantly under review and may be amended or changed at any time. We cannot predict how changes in the tax laws, including any tax reform called for by the new presidential administration, might affect our investors or us.  Any of those new laws or interpretations may take effect retroactively and could adversely affect us or you as a stockholder.

Taxable REIT subsidiaries are subject to corporate-level tax, which may devalue our Common Stock relative to other companies.

Taxable REIT subsidiaries are corporations subject to corporate-level tax. Our use of taxable REIT subsidiaries may cause the market to value our Common Stock lower than the stock of other publicly traded REITs which may not use taxable REIT subsidiaries and lower than the equity of mortgage pools taxable as non-publicly traded partnerships, which generally are not subject to any U.S. federal income taxation on their income and gain.

Distributions from a REIT are currently taxed at a higher rate than corporate distributions.

The maximum U.S. federal income tax rate on both distributions from certain domestic and foreign corporations and net capital gain for individuals is 20%. However, this rate of tax on distributions generally will not apply to our distributions (except those distributions identified by the Company as "capital gain dividends" which are taxable as long-term capital gain), and therefore such distributions generally will be taxed as ordinary income. Ordinary income generally is subject to U.S. federal income tax at a maximum rate of 39.6% for individuals. The higher tax rate on the Company's distributions may cause the market to devalue our Common Stock relative to stock of those corporations whose distributions qualify for the lower rate of taxation.

A portion of our business is potentially subject to prohibited transactions tax.

As a REIT, we are subject to a 100% tax on our net income from any "prohibited transactions." In general, prohibited transactions are sales or other dispositions of property, other than foreclosure property, but including loans, held as inventory or primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. Sales by us of property in the ordinary course of our business will generally constitute prohibited transactions. The Company might be subject to this tax if it was to sell a property or loan in a manner that was treated as a sale of inventory for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Therefore, in order to avoid the prohibited transactions tax, we may choose not to engage in certain sales of properties or loans, other than through a taxable REIT subsidiary, and will attempt to comply with the terms of safe-harbor provisions in the U.S. federal income tax laws prescribing when a sale of real property or a loan will not be characterized as a prohibited transaction, even though the sales might otherwise be beneficial to us. We cannot assure you however, that we can comply with the safe-harbor provisions or that we will not be subject to the prohibited transactions tax on some earned income.

Our use of taxable REIT subsidiaries may have adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences.

We must comply with various tests to qualify and continue to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and our income from and investments in taxable REIT subsidiaries do not constitute permissible income and investments for purposes of some of the REIT qualification tests. While we will attempt to ensure that our dealings with our taxable REIT subsidiaries will not adversely affect our REIT qualification, we cannot assure you that we will successfully achieve that result. Furthermore, we may be subject to a 100% penalty tax, or our taxable REIT subsidiaries may be denied deductions, to the extent our dealings with our taxable REIT subsidiaries are not deemed to be arm's length in nature.

We may endanger our REIT status if the distributions we receive from our taxable REIT subsidiaries exceed applicable REIT gross income tests.

The annual gross income tests that must be satisfied to ensure REIT qualification may limit the amount of dividends that we can receive from our taxable REIT subsidiaries and still maintain our REIT status. Generally, not more than 25% of our gross income may be derived from non-real estate related sources, such as dividends from a taxable REIT subsidiary. If, for any taxable year, the dividends we receive from our taxable REIT subsidiaries, when added to our other items of non-real estate related income, represent more than 25% of our total gross income for the year, we could be denied REIT status, unless we were able to demonstrate, among other things, that our failure of the gross income test was due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect.

26

Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure

Our charter restricts the ownership and transfer of our outstanding stock, which may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or change of control of the Company

In order for us to qualify as a REIT, no more than 50% of the value of outstanding shares of our stock may be owned, beneficially or constructively, by five or fewer individuals at any time during the last half of each taxable year other than the year for which we elect to be taxed as a REIT.  Subject to certain exceptions, our charter prohibits any stockholder from owning actually, beneficially or constructively more than 9.8%, in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of the outstanding shares of our Common Stock, and 9.8% in value of the outstanding shares of all classes or series of our stock.  The constructive ownership rules under the Code are complex.  The outstanding stock owned by a group of related individuals or entities may be deemed to be constructively or beneficially owned by one individual or entity.  As a result, the acquisition of less than 9.8% of our outstanding Common Stock or the outstanding shares of all classes or series of our stock by an individual or entity could cause that individual or entity to own constructively or beneficially in excess of the relevant ownership limits.  Our charter also prohibits any person from owning shares of our stock that would result in our being "closely held" under Section 856(h) of the Code or otherwise cause us to fail to qualify as a REIT.  Any attempt to own or transfer shares of our Common Stock in violation of these restrictions may result in the shares being automatically transferred to a charitable trust or may be void.

Certain provisions of Maryland law may limit the ability of a third party to acquire control of the Company

The charter and bylaws of the Company and the Maryland General Corporation Law (the "MGCL") contain provisions that could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control of us that might involve a premium price for holders of our Common Stock or otherwise be in their best interests.

Subject to certain limitations, provisions of the MGCL prohibit certain business combinations between the Company and an "interested stockholder" (defined generally as any person who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of our outstanding voting stock or an affiliate or associate of us who beneficially owned 10% or more of the voting power of our then outstanding stock at any time during the two-year period immediately prior to the date in question) or an affiliate of an interested stockholder for five years after the most recent date on which the stockholder became an interested stockholder.  After the five-year period, business combinations between us and an interested stockholder or an affiliate of an interested stockholder must generally either provide a minimum price (as defined in the MGCL) to our stockholders in cash or other consideration in the same form as previously paid by the interested stockholder or be recommended by our Board of Directors and approved by the affirmative vote of at least 80% of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of our outstanding shares of voting stock and at least two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast by stockholders other than the interested stockholder and its affiliates and associates.  These provisions of the MGCL relating to business combinations do not apply, however, to business combinations that are approved or exempted by our Board of Directors prior to the time that the interested stockholder becomes an interested stockholder.  As permitted by the MGCL, our Board of Directors has adopted a resolution exempting any business combination between us and any other person, provided that the business combination is approved by our Board of Directors (including a majority of directors who are not affiliates or associates of such persons), and between us and OFG and its affiliates and associates.  However, our Board of Directors may repeal or modify this resolution at any time in the future, in which case the applicable provisions of this statute will become applicable to business combinations between us and interested stockholders.

The "control share" provisions of the MGCL provide that a holder of "control shares" of a Maryland corporation (defined as shares which, when aggregated with other shares controlled by the stockholder (except solely by virtue of a revocable proxy), entitle the stockholder to exercise one of three increasing ranges of voting power in electing directors) acquired in a "control share acquisition" (defined as the direct or indirect acquisition of ownership or control of "control shares") has no voting rights with respect to such shares except to the extent approved by our stockholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding votes entitled to be cast by the acquiror of control shares, our officers and our employees who are also our directors.  Our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the control share acquisition statute any and all acquisitions by any person of shares of our stock.  There can be no assurance that this provision will not be amended or eliminated at any time in the future.

27

The Company has elected to implement a classified Board of Directors, require a two-thirds vote to remove a director and to implement other provisions of Title 3, Subtitle 8 of the MGCL that may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or a change of control of the Company.

On November 12, 2013, our Board of Directors elected to be subject to all of the provisions of Sections 3-803, 3-804 and 3-805 of Title 3, Subtitle 8 of the MGCL ("Subtitle 8"). As a result of this election, without stockholder approval and regardless of any provision in our charter or bylaws, our Board caused the following provisions of Subtitle 8 relating to our Board and the calling of stockholder meetings to be implemented, and these provisions may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or a change of control of the Company that might be in our stockholders' best interests:

·
Board Classification. As a result of the election under Subtitle 8, our Board is classified into three separate classes of directors. At each annual meeting of the stockholders of the Company, the successors to the class of directors whose term expires at that meeting will be elected to hold office for a term continuing until the annual meeting of stockholders held in the third year following the year of their election and until their successors are elected and qualified.

·
Removal of Directors. As a result of the election to be subject to Section 3-804 of the MGCL, the removal of directors will require the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all of the votes entitled to be cast by the stockholders generally in the election of directors.

·
Board Size. The election to be subject to Section 3-804 of the MGCL also provides that our Board has the exclusive right to set the number of directors on the Board.  This election did not result in substantive change to the requirements already provided in the Company's charter and bylaws.

·
Vacancies on the Board. As a result of the election to be subject to Section 3-804 of the MGCL, our Board has the exclusive right, by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors, even if the remaining directors do not constitute a quorum, to fill vacancies on the Board, and any director elected by the Board to fill a vacancy will hold office for the remainder of the full term of the class of directors in which the vacancy occurred and until his or her successor is elected and qualified.

·
Special Meetings Called at the Request of Stockholders. As a result of the election to be subject to Section 3-805 of the MGCL, special meetings of stockholders called at the request of stockholders may now be called by the Secretary of the Company only on the written request of the stockholders entitled to cast at least a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast at the meeting.

Our Board of Directors has the power to cause us to issue additional shares of our stock without stockholder approval.

Our charter authorizes us to issue additional authorized but unissued shares of common or preferred stock.  In addition, our Board of Directors may, without stockholder approval, amend our charter to increase the aggregate number of our shares of stock or the number of shares of stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue and classify or reclassify any unissued shares of common or preferred stock and set the preferences, rights and other terms of the classified or reclassified shares.  As a result, our Board of Directors may establish a series of shares of common or preferred stock that could delay or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for our shares of Common Stock or otherwise be in the best interests of our stockholders.

Our rights and the rights of our stockholders to take action against our directors and officers are limited, which could limit your recourse in the event of actions not in your best interests.

Maryland law provides that a director has no liability in that capacity if he or she performs his or her duties in good faith, in a manner he or she reasonably believes to be in our best interests and with the care that an ordinarily prudent person in a like position would use under similar circumstances. As permitted by the MGCL, our charter limits the liability of our directors and officers to us and our stockholders for money damages, except for liability resulting from:

28

 
• 
actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services; or
 
 
• 
a final judgment based upon a finding of active and deliberate dishonesty by the director or officer that was material to the cause of action adjudicated.

Our charter authorizes us to obligate ourselves to indemnify our present and former directors and officers for actions taken by them in those and other capacities to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law. Our bylaws require us to indemnify, to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law, each present or former director or officer who is made, or threatened to be made, a party to any proceeding because of his or her service to us. In addition, we may be obligated to advance the defense costs incurred by our directors and officers.

Item 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

Item 2. PROPERTIES

The Manager operates from its executive offices at 2221 Olympic Boulevard, Walnut Creek, CA 94595 (the "Executive Office"). The lessor is Olympic Blvd. Partners, a California Limited Partnership ("OBP"), of which the Manager is a 50% general partner. The Executive Office is the sole asset of OBP. The Executive Office is subject to a loan with a principal balance of $645,814 as of December 31, 2016 with monthly payments of interest and principal of $4,566 and a balloon payment of $617,013 due on February 28, 2018. The Company does not have separate offices.

As of December 31, 2016, we hold title to twenty-two real estate properties that were acquired through foreclosure including properties held within five wholly-owned limited liability companies and within three wholly-owned corporations (see below). As of December 31, 2016, the total carrying amount of these properties was $113,123,000. Fourteen of the properties are being held for long-term investment and the remaining eight properties are currently being marketed for sale. We also have a 50% ownership interest in a limited liability company accounted for under the equity method that owns property located in Santa Clara, California with a carrying amount of $2,140,000 as of December 31, 2016.

·
The Company's (or related entities) title to all properties is held as fee simple.
·
There are mortgages or encumbrances to third parties on two of our real estate properties (see below for Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC ("TSV") and Zalanta Resort at the Village, LLC ("ZRV")).
·
Of the twenty-two properties held, nine of the properties are income-producing. Only minor renovations and repairs to the properties are currently being made or planned (other than continued tenant improvements on real estate held for investment, development of the land held within ZRV and Zalanta Resort at the Village - Phase II, LLC ("ZRV II"), and improvements to the property held within Brannan Island, LLC).
·
The Manager believes that all properties owned by the Company are adequately covered by customary casualty insurance.

Real estate acquired through foreclosure may be held for a number of years before ultimate disposition primarily because we have the intent and ability to dispose of the properties for the highest possible price (such as when market conditions improve). During the time that the real estate is held, we may earn less income on these properties than could be earned on loans and may have negative cash flow on these properties.

Some of the properties we acquire, primarily through foreclosure proceedings, may face competition from newer, more updated properties. In order to remain competitive and increase occupancy at these properties and/or make them attractive to potential purchasers, we may have to make significant capital improvements and/or incur costs associated with correcting deferred maintenance with respect to these properties. The cost of these improvements and deferred maintenance items may impair our financial performance and liquidity.  Additionally, we compete with any entity seeking to acquire or dispose of similar properties, including REITs, banks, pension funds, hedge funds, real estate developers and private real estate investors. Competition is primarily dependent on price, location, physical condition of the property, financial condition and operating results of current and prospective tenants, availability and cost of capital, construction and renovation costs, taxes, governmental regulations, legislation and trends in the national and local economies.

For purposes of assessing potential impairment of value during 2016, 2015 and 2014, we obtained updated appraisals or other valuation support on certain of our real estate properties held for sale and investment, which resulted in additional impairment losses on two, one and one properties, respectively, in the aggregate amount of approximately $3,228,000, $1,589,000 and $179,000, respectively, recorded in the consolidated statements of operations.

29

Real estate properties held for sale as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 consisted of the following properties acquired through foreclosure:
 
 
December 31,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Undeveloped, industrial land, San Jose, California
 
$
2,027,581
 
$
1,958,400
Light industrial building, Paso Robles, California –sold in 2016
   
   
1,460,935
73 improved, residential lots, Auburn, California (held within Zalanta Resort at the Village, LLC) – transferred from held for investment and two lots sold in 2016
   
3,781,867
   
Golf course, Auburn, California (held within Lone Star Golf, Inc.) – transferred from held for investment in 2016
   
1,970,437
   
Medical office condominium complex, Gilbert, Arizona (held within Zalanta Resort at the Village, LLC) – sold in 2016
   
   
4,716,487
169 condominium units and 160 unit renovated and unoccupied apartment building, Miami, Florida (held within TOTB Miami, LLC) - sold in 2016
   
   
51,942,602
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Gypsum, Colorado – three parcels sold in 2016
   
139,498
   
4,224,000
Commercial and residential land under development, South Lake Tahoe, California (held within Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC)
   
28,974,808
   
23,094,481
Commercial and residential land under development, South Lake Tahoe, California (held within Zalanta Resort at the Village, LLC) *
   
34,805,253
   
12,794,261
Residential land under development, South Lake Tahoe, California (held within Zalanta Resort at the Village - Phase II, LLC) *
   
3,411,652
   
Office condominium complex, Oakdale, California (held within East G, LLC) – obtained via foreclosure in 2016 and one unit transferred from held for investment in 2016
   
732,539
   
   
$
75,843,635
 
$
100,191,166
* These two real estate assets had previously been reported as one asset. In the second quarter of 2016, certain parcels owned by ZRV were transferred into ZRV II, a new entity that is wholly owned by the Company.


30


 
Real estate held for investment, net of accumulated depreciation, is comprised of the following properties as of December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
December 31,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
Commercial buildings, Roseville, California
 
$
515,451
 
$
701,897
 
Undeveloped, residential land, Marysville, California
   
403,200
   
403,200
 
Undeveloped land, Auburn, California (formerly part of golf course owned by DarkHorse Golf Club, LLC)
   
103,198
   
103,198
 
75 improved, residential lots, Auburn, California (held within Baldwin Ranch Subdivision, LLC) – transferred to held for sale in 2016
   
   
3,878,544
 
One improved residential lot, West Sacramento, California
   
58,560
   
58,560
 
Undeveloped, residential land, Coolidge, Arizona
   
1,017,600
   
1,017,600
 
Golf course, Auburn, California (held within Lone Star Golf, Inc.) – transferred to held for sale in 2016
   
   
1,941,245
 
Office condominium complex (15 units), Roseville, California
   
3,447,418
   
3,558,386
 
61 condominium units, Lakewood, Washington (held within Phillips Road, LLC) – transferred to held for sale and sold in 2016
   
   
4,219,657
 
1/7th interest in single family home, Lincoln City, Oregon
   
93,647
   
93,647
 
12 condominium and 3 commercial units, Tacoma, Washington (held within Broadway & Commerce, LLC)
   
2,311,792
   
2,360,237
 
6 improved residential lots, Coeur D'Alene, Idaho
   
316,800
   
316,800
 
Retail Complex, South Lake Tahoe, California (held within Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC)
   
16,829,995
   
23,122,714
 
Marina and yacht club with 179 boat slips, Isleton, California (held within Brannan Island, LLC)
   
2,555,306
   
2,600,360
 
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Bethel Island, California (held within Sandmound Marina, LLC)
   
2,335,448
   
2,334,773
 
Marina with 52 boat slips and campground, Bethel Island, California (held within Sandmound Marina, LLC)
   
1,470,639
   
1,478,727
 
Assisted living facility, Bensalem, Pennsylvania
   
5,820,709
   
5,402,376
 
Office condominium unit, Oakdale, California – transferred to held for sale in 2016
   
   
55,325
 
   
$
37,279,763
 
$
53,647,246
 

In September, 2016, Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC, a California limited liability company ("TSV") that is wholly-owned by the Company, entered into a Land and Entitlement Purchase Agreement, (the "Purchase Agreement") with Jianping Pan, Kawana Holdings LLC which has assigned its rights under the Purchase Agreement to Tahoe Chateau Land Holdings, LLC, a California limited liability company (the "Buyer"). Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, TSV has agreed to sell to Buyer the approximately 8.0 acres of land and entitlements, including related parking and garage structures, owned by TSV in South Lake Tahoe, California, commonly known as The Chateau at the Village as further described in the Purchase Agreement (the "Purchased Property") for a total of $42.5 million, net of seller's credit which includes sales commissions (the "Purchase Price").  The property to be sold does not include the existing retail buildings and improvements (the "Retained Property").

The closing (the "Closing") of the transaction is subject to a number of conditions, and on November 18, 2016 the parties entered an Addendum ("Addendum 2") that amends the Purchase Agreement to provide that the Closing will occur on or about March 31, 2017 subject to customary closing conditions and to add additional closing conditions including, among others, a requirement that the responsible agency for the City of South Lake Tahoe, California approve a final subdivision map that is recorded establishing the Purchased Property and the Retained Property as separate legal parcels (the "Final Subdivision Map"). If the Final Subdivision Map is not recorded by March 31, 2017, the Closing date will be extended up to 60 days to allow TSV additional time to record the map. If, after such extension, the Final Subdivision Map is not recorded but all other closing conditions are satisfied, Addendum 2 provides that the Closing will be held with respect to the overall property, including the Purchased Property and the Retained Property, with the Retained Property to be conveyed back to TSV upon recording the Final Subdivision Map. There can be no assurance if or when the sale of the Purchased Property will be consummated.
 
31

Buyer has paid $13,000,000 as a refundable deposit into escrow.  Of this deposit, $3,000,000 has been released out of escrow to pay certain Buyer expenses. The additional $32.5 million of Purchase Price is to be paid in cash at Closing.

As a result of the execution of the Purchase Agreement, the Company transferred approximately $6,066,000 of land basis from the first phase retail property (currently held for investment) to the second phase land being sold with this transaction. The basis of the property being sold is approximately $28,975,000 as of December 31, 2016.

We presently have no plans to significantly improve any of our real estate properties, other than the land held within ZRV and ZRV II.

The only real estate properties with book values in excess of 10% of our total assets or properties still owned as of December 31,  2016 with gross revenue in excess of 10% of our total revenue are the properties located in South Lake Tahoe, California (held within TSV and ZRV).

Other operating data related to the TSV retail complex is as follows (below does not include the ZRV retail and residential project currently under construction):

   
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
Average Annual Rental per Square Foot
$
61.45
 
$
50.71
 
$
41.61
 
Federal Tax Basis of Depreciable Assets (all Commercial Buildings and Improvements)
$
17,579,856
 
$
17,357,310
 
$
16,946,786
 
Depreciation Rate
 
Various
   
Various
   
Various
 
Depreciation Method
 
MACRS Straight Line
   
MACRS
Straight Line
   
MACRS
Straight Line
 
Depreciable Life
 
5-39 Years
   
5-39 Years
   
5-39 Years
 
Realty Tax Rate (1)
 
1.0860
%
 
1.0907
%
 
1.0667
%
Annual Realty Taxes
$
192,253
 
$
            186,943
 
$
            129,459
 
(1) Millage rate per Taxable Value.
 

The following table shows information regarding rental rates and lease expirations over the next ten years for TSV and assumes that none of the tenants exercise renewal options or termination rights, if any, at or prior to scheduled expirations:

Year of
Lease
Expiration
December 31,
 
Number of
Leases
Expiring
Within the
Year
 
Rentable
Square
Footage
Subject to
Expiring
Leases
 
Final
Annualized
Base Rent
Under
Expiring
Leases (1)
 
Percentage of Gross Annual Rental Represented by Such Leases
 
2019
 
5
 
11,497
$
789,458
 
57.6%
 
2020
 
2
 
1,635
 
112,270
 
8.2%
 
2021
 
1
 
1,989
 
128,391
 
9.4%
 
2024
 
1
 
5,777
 
339,595
 
24.8%
 
   
9
 
20,898
$
1,369,714
 
100.0%
 
     
 
(1)
"Final Annualized Base Rent" for each lease scheduled to expire represents the cash rental rate of base rents, excluding tenant reimbursements, in the final month prior to expiration multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of a portion of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.


32

 
The following table presents occupancy data of our leased real estate properties held for investment as of December 31, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012 (where applicable):
   
Occupancy % (1)
Property Description/Location 
Year Foreclosed
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Commercial buildings, Roseville, California
2001
91.2%
100.0%
81.2%
88.6%
100.0%
Office condominium complex (15 units), Roseville, California
2008
76.0%
62.9%
70.5%
45.3%
58.9%
12 condominium and 3 commercial units, Tacoma, Washington
2011
80.4%
80.4%
75.8%
37.9%
61.9%
Retail complex, South Lake Tahoe, California
2013
91.1%
95.5%
75.0%
N/A
N/A
Industrial building/land, Santa Clara, California (1850 De La Cruz, LLC)
2005
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
Notes:
           
(1)   Calculated by dividing net rentable square feet included in leases signed on or before December 31, 2016 at the property by the aggregate net rentable square feet of the property.

As of December 31, 2016, virtually all of our leases on residential rental properties are either month-to-month leases or will expire in 2017. These leases currently represent approximately $158,000 in annual rental revenue to the Company.
The following table shows information regarding rental rates and lease expirations over the next ten years and thereafter for our commercial and industrial rental properties at December 31, 2016 and assumes that none of the tenants exercise renewal options or termination rights, if any, at or prior to scheduled expirations. Three of our twenty-four commercial leases and virtually all of our residential leases are set to expire during 2017. We expect that new leases will be signed with existing or new tenants for the majority of these spaces and at rental rates that are at market and are at or above expiring rental amounts.
Year of
Lease
Expiration
December 31,
 
Number of
Leases
Expiring
Within the
Year
 
Rentable
Square
Footage
Subject to
Expiring
Leases
 
Final
Annualized
Base Rent
Under
Expiring
Leases (1)
 
2017
 
3
   
6,132
 
$
74,437
   
2018
 
10
   
66,598
   
594,381
   
2019
 
7
   
17,050
   
884,167
   
2020
 
2
   
1,635
   
112,270
   
2021
 
1
   
1,989
   
128,391
   
2024
 
1
   
5,777
   
339,595
   
   
24
   
99,181
 
$
2,133,241  
 

(1)    "Final Annualized Base Rent" for each lease scheduled to expire represents the cash rental rate of base rents, excluding tenant reimbursements, in the final month prior to expiration multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of a portion of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.

33

 
At December 31, 2016, our properties were leased to tenants that are engaged in a variety of businesses. The following table sets forth information regarding leases with the seven tenants with the largest amounts leased based upon Annualized Base Rent as of December 31, 2016:
 
Leased
Square
Feet
   
Annualized
Base Rent (1)
Expiration
Date
Renewal
Options
Tenant Name
JKB Financial (Roseville, CA office)
5,954
 
$
96,455
2/28/2018
None                
Finance of America (Roseville, CA office)
6,357
   
91,800
5/31/2018
None                
Avis Rent A Car (1850 De La Cruz) (2) (3)
40,000
   
175,024
7/15/2018
2-5 yr. Options
Up Shirt Creek (TSV) (3)
4,689
   
309,474
9/30/2019
2-5 yr. Options
Powder House (TSV) (3)
5,778
   
381,348
9/30/2019
2-5 yr. Options
Bakers Three California (TSV)
1,989
   
107,406
2/28/2021
1-5 yr. Option  
McP's Pub Tahoe (TSV)
5,777
   
295,638
10/31/2024
2-5 yr. Options

(1) Annualized Base Rent represents the current monthly Base Rent, excluding tenant reimbursements, for each lease in effect at December 31, 2016 multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of a portion of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.
(2)  Amount of annualized base rent reported reflects ORM's 50% membership interest in 1850 De La Cruz, LLC.
(3)  There are two leases for two separate and distinct parcels/units to these tenants with the same terms (leased square feet and annualized base rent combined).
 Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

In the normal course of business, we may become involved in various types of legal proceedings such as assignment of rents, bankruptcy proceedings, appointment of receivers, unlawful detainers, judicial foreclosure, etc., to enforce the provisions of the deeds of trust, collect the debt owed under the promissory notes, or to protect, or recoup its investment from the real property secured by the deeds of trust.  None of these actions would typically be of any material importance.  As of December 31, 2016, we are not involved in any legal proceedings other than those that would be considered part of the normal course of business.

Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market Information for Common Stock

Our Common Stock is listed on the NYSE MKT under the ticker symbol "ORM". The following table sets forth, for each of the indicated quarterly periods, the high and low sales prices for our Common Stock, as reported on the NYSE MKT.
 
34

   
Sales Price
 
   
High
 
Low
 
2015
             
First Quarter
 
$
15.00
 
$
12.46
 
Second Quarter
 
$
15.02
 
$
12.98
 
Third Quarter
 
$
15.25
 
$
13.40
 
Fourth Quarter
 
$
14.23
 
$
13.15
 
2016
             
First Quarter
 
$
16.07
 
$
13.41
 
Second Quarter
 
$
17.82
 
$
15.11
 
Third Quarter
 
$
17.32
 
$
15.66
 
Fourth Quarter
 
$
18.99
 
$
16.70
 

The closing sale price for our Common Stock, as reported on the NYSE MKT on March 10, 2017 was $16.25 per share.

Holders

As of March 10, 2017, we had 10,247,477 shares of our Common Stock outstanding held by approximately 618 record holders. The number of record holders does not necessarily bear any relationship to the number of beneficial owners of our Common Stock.

Dividends

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes and, as such, anticipate that we will distribute annually at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, excluding net capital gains. Through the calendar year ended December 31, 2016, we have paid dividends quarterly and made distributions of approximately $3,279,000 and $4,344,000 during 2016 and 2015, respectively (including amounts accrued as of December 31, 2016 and 2015).  In addition, we paid approximately $583,000 and $1,314,000 in dividends to shareholders in 2016 and 2015 in the form of income taxes on capital gains.

Dividends are declared and paid at the discretion of our Board of Directors and depend on our taxable net income, cash available for distribution, financial condition, ability to maintain our qualification as a REIT and such other factors that our Board of Directors may deem relevant. No assurance can be given as to the amounts or timing of future distributions as such distributions are subject to our taxable earnings, financial condition, capital requirements and such other factors as our Board of Directors deems relevant. For a discussion of factors which may adversely affect our ability to pay dividends and for information regarding the sources of funds used for dividends, see "Item 1A – Risk Factors" and "Item 7 – Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations".

The following table sets forth the dividends declared and paid per share of Common Stock during 2016 and 2015:

   
2016
 
2015
 
Dividends Declared:
           
First Quarter
$
0.08
 
$
0.07
 
Second Quarter
$
0.08
 
$
0.18
 
Third Quarter
$
0.08
 
$
0.08
 
Fourth Quarter
$
0.08
 
$
0.08
 



Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

None.


35

Performance Graph

The following graph is a comparison of the cumulative total stockholder return on shares of the Company's Common Stock, the Russell 2000 Index, and the SNL U.S. Finance REIT Index, a published industry index, from July 1, 2013 (the day we commenced trading on the NYSE MKT) to December 31, 2016. The graph assumes that $100 was invested on July 1, 2013 in our Common Stock, the Russell 2000 Index and the SNL U.S. Finance REIT and that all dividends were reinvested without the payment of any commissions. There can be no assurance that the performance of the Company's shares will continue in line with the same or similar trends depicted in the graph below. The information included in the graph and table below was obtained from SNL Financial LC, Charlottesville, VA ©2017.


 
Period Ended
Index
7/01/13
12/31/13
6/30/14
12/31/14
6/30/15
12/31/15
6/30/16
12/31/16
Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.
100.00
142.94
230.75
175.80
183.39
165.92
207.61
233.14
Russell 2000
100.00
118.32
122.09
124.11
130.01
118.63
121.26
143.91
SNL U.S. Finance REIT
100.00
99.13
114.68
113.52
108.85
104.10
119.48
128.23

In accordance with SEC rules, this section entitled "Performance Graph" shall not be incorporated by reference into any of our future filings under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act except to the extent that we specifically incorporate such disclosure by reference in any such filings, and shall not be deemed to be "soliciting material" or to be "filed" under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

Repurchases of Common Stock

As is discussed in further detail in our consolidated financial statements under "Note 9 – Stockholders' Equity" in Item 8 of this Annual Report, on January 15, 2016, the Company announced a new repurchase plan (the "2016 Repurchase Plan"), which permits us to purchase up to $7.5 million of our Common Stock. This plan commenced in April 2016 and expires in March 2017. We have not purchased any shares pursuant to the 2016 Repurchase Plan to date.
36


 
Item 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following tables present selected historical consolidated financial information and should be read in conjunction with the more detailed information contained in "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and our historical consolidated financial statements, including the related notes, included elsewhere in this Annual Report. Prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to current period presentation.

 
 
As of or For the Years Ended December 31,
 
   
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
Operating Data:
                               
Interest income
 
$
8,922,142
 
$
8,277,004
 
$
5,382,019
 
$
3,020,884
 
$
2,567,583
 
Rental income
   
7,977,400
   
12,791,096
   
12,268,214
   
11,223,260
   
13,237,664
 
Other revenues
   
179,449
   
175,451
   
170,018
   
165,211
   
161,031
 
Total revenue
   
17,078,991
   
21,243,551
   
17,820,251
   
14,409,355
   
15,966,278
 
Real estate operating expenses
   
7,045,848
   
8,510,110
   
8,158,038
   
8,150,944
   
10,235,444
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
1,258,305
   
2,052,181
   
2,255,577
   
2,485,587
   
2,292,537
 
Management fees
   
3,286,470
   
2,051,134
   
1,726,945
   
1,664,076
   
1,760,589
 
Interest expense
   
2,859,294
   
1,938,113
   
1,161,822
   
513,750
   
523,579
 
Provision for (reversal of) loan losses
   
1,284,896
   
(1,026,909
)
 
(1,869,733
)
 
(7,822,112
)
 
(124,000
)
Impairment losses on real estate properties
   
3,227,807
   
1,589,434
   
179,040
   
666,240
   
4,873,266
 
Other expenses
   
1,882,338
   
1,618,266
   
1,821,601
   
1,828,484
   
1,685,938
 
Total expenses
   
20,844,958
   
16,732,329
   
13,433,290
   
7,486,969
   
21,247,353
 
Operating (loss) income
   
(3,765,967
)
 
4,511,222
   
4,386,961
   
6,922,386
   
(5,281,075
)
Gain on sales of real estate, net
   
24,497,763
   
21,818,553
   
3,243,359
   
2,942,861
   
4,111,841
 
Gain on foreclosure of loans
   
   
   
464,754
   
952,357
   
 
Net income (loss) before income taxes
   
20,731,796
   
26,329,775
   
8,095,074
   
10,817,604
   
(1,169,234
)
Income tax benefit (expense)
   
7,248,977
   
(93,335
)
 
   
   
 
Net income (loss)
   
27,980,773
   
26,236,440
   
8,095,074
   
10,817,604
   
(1,169,234
)
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
   
(3,571,003
)
 
(2,667,324
)
 
(165,445
)
 
(2,084,707
)
 
(510,586
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
 
$
24,409,770
 
$
23,569,116
 
$
7,929,629
 
$
8,732,897
 
$
(1,679,820
)
Earnings (loss) per common share (basic and diluted)
 
$
2.38
 
$
2.22
 
$
0.74
 
$
0.78
 
$
(0.15
)
Dividends declared per common share
 
$
0.32
 
$
0.41
 
$
0.27
 
$
0.25
 
$
0.17
 

37

Balance Sheet Data:
                               
Loans, net
 
$
126,975,489
 
$
104,901,361
 
$
65,164,156
 
$
54,057,205
 
$
45,844,365
 
Real estate held for sale
   
75,843,635
   
100,191,166
   
59,494,339
   
5,890,131
   
56,173,094
 
Real estate held for investment
   
37,279,763
   
53,647,246
   
103,522,466
   
129,425,833
   
71,600,255
 
Other assets
   
19,463,568
   
13,254,472
   
13,742,960
   
17,268,412
   
34,149,176
 
Total assets
   
259,562,455
   
271,994,245
   
241,923,921
   
206,641,581
   
207,766,890
 
Total indebtedness
   
38,361,934
   
66,374,544
   
49,019,549
   
13,917,585
   
13,384,902
 
Total liabilities
   
44,034,578
   
72,485,398
   
53,177,310
   
20,415,275
   
20,257,659
 
Non-controlling interests
   
   
4,528,849
   
4,174,753
   
6,351,896
   
8,049,300
 
Total equity
   
215,527,877
   
199,508,847
   
188,746,611
   
186,226,306
   
187,509,231
 
Book value per share
 
$
21.03
 
$
19.03
 
$
17.14
 
$
16.66
 
$
16.03
 
                                 

Item 7. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Forward Looking Statements

Some of the information in this Form 10-K may contain forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Words such as "may," "will," "should,"  "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "believe," "plan," "estimate," "continue" and variations of  such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our businesses, uncertain events or assumptions, and other characterizations of future events, strategies or circumstances are forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on our current expectations and could be affected by the uncertainties and risk factors described throughout this filing and particularly in "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.  All forward-looking statements and reasons why results may differ included in this Form 10-K are made as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statement or reason why actual results may differ.

Overview and Background

We are a specialty finance company that focuses on the origination, investment and management of commercial real estate loans primarily in the Western U.S.  We provide customized, short-term capital to small and middle-market investors and developers who require speed and flexibility. We are organized and conduct our operations to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. We are externally managed and advised by OFG, a specialized commercial real estate management company that has originated, serviced and managed alternative commercial real estate investments since 1951.

The Company is a Maryland corporation formed to reorganize the business of its predecessor, OMIF, into a publicly traded REIT. Beginning in 2009, OMIF experienced liquidity issues as its borrowers were unable to access credit sources to pay off its loans.  OMIF eventually foreclosed on a substantial portion of its loan portfolio, repositioning many of the properties for investment or eventual sale.  OMIF also experienced a significant increase in capital withdrawal requests that it was unable to honor due to insufficient cash, net of reserves, and restrictions under the terms of its bank line of credit. In addition, OMIF was restricted by provisions within the partnership agreement from making additional investments in loans while qualified redemption requests remained pending and unpaid. In addition to increasing investor liquidity through public listing of its stock, the Company was created to provide the opportunity for resuming mortgage lending activities, with the goal of increasing income to stockholders.

On May 20, 2013, OMIF merged with and into the Company with the Company as the surviving corporation, succeeding to and continuing the business and operations of OMIF. The Company now, by virtue of the Merger, directly or indirectly owns all of the assets and business formerly owned by OMIF. The Company is a deemed successor issuer to OMIF pursuant to Rule 12g-3(a) under the Exchange Act, and on July 1, 2013, the Company's Common Stock was listed on the NYSE MKT exchange. For accounting purposes, the Merger has been treated as a transfer of assets and exchange of shares between entities under common control. The accounting basis used to initially record the assets and liabilities in the Company is the carryover basis of OMIF. OMIF was a California Limited Partnership registered with the SEC that was formed in 1983 for the purposes of funding and servicing short-term commercial real estate loans.
 
38

Our primary sources of revenue are interest income earned on our loan investment portfolio and revenues we generate from our operating real estate assets. We have resumed originating loans and believe the Company is well positioned to capitalize on lending opportunities as the economy continues to recover. However, there can be no assurances that we will be able to identify and make loans to suitable commercial real estate borrowers or have adequate capital and liquidity to fund such loans.

Our operating results are affected primarily by:

·
the level of foreclosures and related loan and real estate losses experienced;
·
the income or losses from foreclosed properties prior to the time of disposal, and our ability to dispose of those properties in a timely manner;
·
the amount of cash available to invest in loans;
·
the amount of borrowing to finance loan investments and our cost of funds on such borrowing;
·
the level of real estate lending activity in the markets serviced;
·
the ability to identify and lend to suitable borrowers;
·
the interest rates we are able to charge on loans; and
·
the level of delinquencies on loans.

Between 2008 and 2013, we experienced increased delinquent loans and foreclosures which created substantial losses. As a result, we also owned significantly more real estate than in the past, which has reduced cash flow and net income. As of December 31, 2016, approximately 4% of our loans were impaired and/or past maturity, down from 8% as of December 31, 2015. As of December 31, 2016, we owned approximately $113 million of real estate held for sale or investment, which is approximately 44% of total assets, a decrease of $40.7 million or 15% of total assets as compared to December 31, 2015. During 2016, we sold seven real estate properties (three partial) for aggregate net sales proceeds of $90,997,000 (including note receivable of $1,595,000) and net gains totaling $24,498,000 ($20,782,000 to the Company after $3,716,000 gain attributable to non-controlling interest). We will continue to attempt to sell certain of our properties but may need to sell them for losses or wait until market values fully recover. In addition, under the REIT tax rules, we may be subject to a "prohibited transaction" penalty tax on tax gains from the sale of our properties in certain circumstances. In addition, we are also limited in the number and dollar amount of properties we can sell in a given year under the REIT tax rules.

Although currently management believes that only one of our delinquent loans will result in loss to the Company (and has caused the Company to record a specific allowance for loan losses on such loan), real estate values could decrease further. Management continues to perform frequent evaluations of collateral values for our loans using internal and external sources, including the use of updated independent appraisals.  As a result of these evaluations, the allowance for loan losses and our investments in real estate could increase or decrease in the near term, and such changes could be material.

Business Strategy

Our primary business objective is to provide our stockholders with attractive risk-adjusted returns by producing consistent and predictable dividends while maintaining a strong balance sheet. We believe we have positioned the Company for future growth and seek to increase funds from operations, or FFO, and distributions to stockholders through active portfolio management and execution of our business plan which is outlined below:

·
Capitalize on market lending opportunity by leveraging existing origination network to expand our commercial real estate loan portfolio.
·
Enhance and reposition our commercial real estate assets through the investment of capital and strategic management.
·
Increase liquidity available for lending activities by focusing on opportunities to remove real estate assets from our balance sheet.
·
Manage leverage to marginally expand sources of liquidity while maintaining a conservative balance sheet.

Current Market Conditions, Risks and Recent Trends

Our ability to execute our business strategy, particularly the growth of our loan portfolio, is dependent on many factors, including our ability to sell our real estate assets in a timely manner and access financing on favorable terms.  The previous economic downturn had a significant negative impact on both us and our borrowers.  If similar economic conditions recur in the future, it may limit our options to sell our real estate assets, obtaining financing on favorable terms or otherwise obtain necessary capital to make new loans, and may also adversely impact the creditworthiness of our borrowers which could result in their inability to repay their loans.

39

The commercial real estate markets continue to improve, but uncertainty remains as a result of global market instability, the current political climate and other matters and their potential impact on the U.S. economy and commercial real estate markets.  In addition, the growth in multifamily rental rates seen over the past few years are showing signs of stabilizing. If real estate values decline again and/or rent growth subsides, it may limit our new loan originations since borrowers often use increases in the value of, and revenues produced from, their existing properties to support the purchase or investment in additional properties.  Declining real estate values may also significantly increase the likelihood that we will have difficulty selling our existing real estate assets in a timely manner, and that we will incur losses on our loans in the event of default because the value of our collateral may be insufficient to cover our investment in the loan.  Any sustained period of increased payment delinquencies, foreclosures or losses could adversely affect both our interest income from loans as well as our ability to originate loans, which would significantly impact our revenues, results of operations, financial condition, business prospects and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.
 
The economic environment over the past few years has seen continued improvement in commercial real estate values which has generally increased payoffs and reduced the credit exposure in our loan portfolio.  We have made, and continue to make, modifications and extensions to loans when it is economically feasible to do so.  In some cases, a modification is a more viable alternative to foreclosure proceedings when a borrower cannot comply with loan terms.  In doing so, lower borrower interest rates, combined with non-performing loans, would lower our net interest margins when comparing interest income to our costs of financing.  If the markets were to deteriorate and another prolonged economic downturn was to occur, we believe there could be additional loan modifications and delinquencies, which may result in reduced net interest margins and additional losses throughout our sector.

We believe that improvement in commercial real estate values has also resulted in increased values of some of our real estate assets. Accordingly, as our real estate assets are carried at the lower of carrying value or fair value less costs to sell, it is possible that we have substantial imbedded gains in certain of our real estate properties held for sale and investment that are not reflected in our financial statements or in the value of our stock.

Critical Accounting Policies

We consider the accounting policies discussed below to be critical to an understanding of how we report our financial condition and results of operations because their application places the most significant demands on the judgment of our management.

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with GAAP, which requires the use of estimates and assumptions that involve the exercise of judgment and affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the balance sheet dates and revenues and expenses for the reporting periods. Such estimates relate principally to the determination of (1) the allowance for loan losses, (2) the valuation of real estate held for sale and investment (at acquisition and subsequently) and 3) the recoverability of deferred income tax assets.

Allowance for Loan Losses, Impaired Loans and Non-accrual Status

We maintain an allowance for loan losses on our investments in mortgage loans. A loan is impaired when it is probable that we may not collect all principal and interest payments according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. As part of the detailed loan review, we consider many factors about the specific loan, including payment history, asset performance, borrower's financial capability and other characteristics. Management evaluates loans for non-accrual status each reporting period. A loan is placed on non-accrual status when the loan payment deficiencies exceed 90 days, or earlier if collection of principal and interest is substantially in doubt. When a loan is classified as nonaccrual, interest accruals discontinue and all past due interest remains accrued until the loan becomes current, is paid off or is foreclosed upon. Interest accruals are resumed on such loans only when they are brought fully current with respect to interest and principal and when, in the judgment of management, the loans are estimated to be fully collectible as to both principal and interest. Cash receipts on nonaccrual loans are used to reduce any outstanding accrued interest, and then are recorded as interest income, except when such payments are specifically designated as principal reduction or when management does not believe our investment in the loan is fully recoverable. When a loan is considered impaired, management estimates impairment based on the fair value of the collateral less estimated costs to sell, generally through the use of appraisals. The determination of the general reserve for loans that are not considered impaired and are collectively evaluated for impairment is based on estimates made by management including consideration of historical losses by portfolio segment, internal asset classifications, and qualitative factors to include economic trends in our service areas, industry experience and trends, geographic concentrations, estimated collateral values, our underwriting policies, the character of the loan portfolio, and probable incurred losses inherent in the portfolio taken as a whole. The allowance is established through a provision for loan losses which is charged to expense. Additions to the allowance are expected to maintain the adequacy of the total allowance after credit losses and loan growth but actual results may vary and there is no assurance that the allowance for loan losses will be sufficient. Credit exposures determined to be uncollectible are charged against the allowance.  Cash received on previously charged off amounts is recorded as a recovery to the allowance.

40

Real Estate Held for Sale

Real estate held for sale includes real estate acquired in full or partial settlement of loan obligations, generally through foreclosure, that is being marketed for sale. Real estate held for sale is recorded at acquisition at the property's estimated fair value less estimated costs to sell.

Classification as Held for Sale—Real estate asset is classified as held for sale in the period when (i) management approves a plan to sell the asset, (ii) the asset is available for immediate sale in its present condition, subject only to usual and customary terms, (iii) a program is initiated to locate a buyer and actively market the asset for sale at a reasonable price, and (iv) completion of the sale is probable within one year. Real estate held for sale is stated at the lower of its carrying amount or estimated fair value less disposal cost, with any write-down to fair value less estimated costs to sell recorded as an impairment loss. For any subsequent increase in fair value less disposal cost, the impairment loss may be reversed, but only up to the amount of cumulative loss previously recognized. Depreciation is not recorded on assets classified as held for sale.

If circumstances arise that were previously considered unlikely and, as a result, we decide not to sell the real estate asset previously classified as held for sale, the real estate asset is reclassified as held for investment. Upon reclassification, the real estate asset is measured at the lower of (i) its carrying amount prior to classification as held for sale, adjusted for depreciation expense that would have been recognized had the real estate been continuously classified as held for investment, or (ii) its estimated fair value at the time we decide not to sell.

Real Estate Sales—We evaluate if real estate sale transactions qualify for recognition under the full accrual method, considering whether, among other criteria, the buyer's initial and continuing investments are adequate to demonstrate a commitment to pay, any receivable due to the Company is not subject to future subordination, the Company has transferred to the buyer the usual risks and rewards of ownership and the Company does not have a substantial continuing involvement with the sold real estate. At the time the sale is consummated, a gain or loss is recognized as the difference between the sale price less disposal cost and the carrying value of the real estate.

Real Estate Held for Investment

Real estate held for investment includes real estate purchased or acquired in full or partial settlement of loan obligations, generally through foreclosure, that is not being marketed for sale and is either being operated, such as rental properties; is being managed through the development process, including obtaining appropriate and necessary entitlements and permits and construction; or are idle properties awaiting more favorable market conditions or properties we cannot sell without placing our REIT status at risk or become subject to prohibited transactions penalty tax. Real estate held for investment is recorded at acquisition at the property's estimated fair value less estimated costs to sell.  Depreciation of buildings and improvements is provided on the straight-line method over the estimated remaining useful lives of buildings and improvements.  Depreciation of tenant improvements is provided on the straight-line method over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the lease terms.  Costs related to the improvement of real estate held for sale and investment are capitalized, whereas those related to holding the property are expensed. We evaluate real estate held for investment periodically or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts may not be recoverable. We evaluate cash flows and determine impairments on an individual property basis. In making this determination, we often obtain new appraisals and/or review, among other things, current and future cash flows associated with each property, market information, market prices of similar properties recently sold or currently being offered for sale, and other quantitative and qualitative factors. If an impairment indicator exists, we evaluate whether the expected future undiscounted cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the property, and if we determine that the carrying value is not recoverable, an impairment loss is recorded for the difference between the estimated fair value less estimated costs to sell and the carrying amount of the property.
41


Income Taxes

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT. As a result of our REIT qualification and distribution policy, we do not generally expect to pay U.S. federal corporate level income taxes. Many of the REIT requirements, however, are highly technical and complex. To qualify as a REIT, we must meet a number of organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that we distribute annually at least 90% of our REIT taxable income, determined without regard to net capital gains, to our stockholders. If we have previously qualified as a REIT and fail to qualify as a REIT in any subsequent taxable year and do not qualify for certain statutory relief provisions, we will be subject to U.S. federal income taxes at regular corporate rates (including any applicable alternative minimum tax) and may be precluded from qualifying as a REIT for four subsequent taxable years. Even if we qualify for taxation as a REIT, we may be subject to certain U.S. federal, state, local and foreign taxes on our income and property and to U.S. federal income and excise taxes on our undistributed REIT taxable income.

We have elected (or may elect) to treat certain of our existing or newly created corporate subsidiaries as taxable REIT subsidiaries (each a "TRS"). In general, a TRS of a REIT may hold assets that the REIT cannot hold directly and, subject to certain exceptions related to hotels and healthcare properties, may engage in any real estate or non-real estate related business. A TRS is treated as a regular corporation and is subject to federal, state, local and foreign taxes on its income and property.

Deferred Income Taxes - Income tax expense is the total of the current year income tax due or refundable and the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities, if any. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are the expected future tax amounts for the temporary differences between carrying amounts and tax bases of assets and liabilities, computed using enacted tax rates. A deferred tax asset is also recognized for net operating loss carryforwards of TRS entities. A valuation allowance, if needed, reduces deferred tax assets to the amount that is "more likely than not" to be realized. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent on the Company's TRS entities generating sufficient taxable income in future periods or employing certain tax planning strategies to realize such deferred tax assets. The estimate of the amount of deferred tax assets more likely than not to be realized often requires significant judgment on the part of management because realization may be dependent on the outcome of property sales and/or other events that are difficult to forecast.

Tax Positions - The accounting guidance prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return and also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. A tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is "more likely than not" that the position would be sustained in a tax examination, with a tax examination being presumed to occur. We have analyzed our various federal and state filing positions and believe that our income tax filing positions and deductions are well documented and supported. There was no reserve for uncertain tax positions recorded as of December 31, 2016 and 2015.

Significant Developments During 2016

Loan Activity – We originated 23 new loans totaling $97,124,000 (when fully funded) with a weighted average interest rate of 7.67%.  We received full or partial repayment on 29 loans in the total amount of $55,764,000 with a weighted average interest rate of 8.0%.  We recorded a net increase in specific loan loss allowances on two impaired loans totaling $694,000 and recorded an increase in the general allowance for loan losses of $590,000, for a total of $1,285,000.

Real Estate Property Sales – We sold seven real estate properties (three partially) for aggregate net sales proceeds of $90,997,000 (including note receivable of $1,595,000) and net gains totaling $24,498,000 ($20,782,000 after portion attributable to non-controlling interest). The sale of one property resulted in the repayment of notes payable totaling $32,881,000.

Real Estate Construction Projects – We continued the construction of the retail/condominium project owned by ZRV and incurred approximately $24,175,000 in capitalized costs. This project is expected to be completed during the end of the first quarter or beginning of the second quarter of 2017.

Financing Activities – We amended the credit and related agreements (the "CB&T Credit Facility") with California Bank & Trust ("CB&T") and First Bank to increase the maximum potential borrowings from $30,000,000 up to $50,000,000 and to extend the maturity date for borrowings under the facility to March 1, 2018. The amendment also permits the maximum commitment of the lenders, including such additional lenders as may be added by the parties, to be increased up to $75,000,000 if requested by the Company and approved by the lenders. We also repaid all amounts owed under the Secured Revolving Credit Agreement Loan with Opus Bank (the "Opus Credit Facility") and the facility has terminated.

42

Subsequent Events – The following events have occurred during the first quarter of 2017 and are discussed in further detail in our consolidated financial statements under "Note 16 – Subsequent Events" in Item 8 of this Annual Report:

·
We sold the last parcel of unimproved land located in Gypsum, Colorado for net sales proceeds of $139,000 at no gain or loss.
·
We sold the office condominium complex located in Oakdale, California for net sales proceeds of $732,000 at no gain or loss.

Comparison of Results of Operations for Years Ended 2016 and 2015
The following table sets forth our results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015:
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Increase/(Decrease)
   
2016
 
2015
   
Amount
 
Percent
 
Revenues:
                         
Interest income on loans
 
$
8,922,142
 
$
8,277,004
   
$
645,138
 
8
%
Rental and other income from real estate properties
   
7,977,400
   
12,791,096
     
(4,813,696
)
(38)
%
Income from investment in limited liability company
   
179,449
   
175,451
     
3,998
 
2
%
   Total revenues
   
17,078,991
   
21,243,551
     
(4,164,560
)
(20)
%
Expenses:
                         
Management fees to Manager
   
3,286,470
   
2,051,134
     
1,235,336
 
60
%
Servicing fees to Manager
   
298,770
   
186,467
     
112,303
 
60
%
General and administrative expense
   
1,568,890
   
1,278,994
     
289,896
 
23
%
Rental and other expenses on real estate properties
   
7,045,848
   
8,510,110
     
(1,464,262
)
(17)
%
Depreciation and amortization
   
1,258,305
   
2,052,181
     
(793,876
)
(39)
%
Interest expense
   
2,859,294
   
1,938,113
     
921,181
 
48
%
Bad debt expense from uncollectible rent
   
14,678
   
152,805
     
(138,127
)
(90)
%
Provision for (recovery of) loan losses
   
1,284,896
   
(1,026,909
)
   
2,311,805
 
nm
 
Impairment losses on real estate properties
   
3,227,807
   
1,589,434
     
1,638,373
 
103
%
   Total expenses
   
20,844,958
   
16,732,329
     
4,112,629
 
25
%
   Operating (loss) income
   
(3,765,967
)
 
4,511,222
     
(8,277,189
)
nm
 
Gain on sales of real estate, net
   
24,497,763
   
21,818,553
     
2,679,210
 
12
%
   Net income before income taxes
   
20,731,796
   
26,329,775
     
(5,597,979
)
(21)
%
Income tax benefit (expense)
   
7,248,977
   
(93,335
)
   
7,342,312
 
nm
 
   Net income
   
27,980,773
   
26,236,440
     
1,744,333
 
7
%
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
   
(3,571,003
)
 
(2,667,324
)
   
(903,679
)
34
%
   Net income attributable to common stockholders
 
$
24,409,770
 
$
23,569,116
   
$
840,654
 
4
%
nm – not meaningful

Revenues

Interest income on loans increased $645,000 (8% increase) to $8,922,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to $8,277,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015. The increase was primarily due to an increase in interest income from performing loans as the average balance of performing loans increased between 2015 and 2016 by approximately 70%. This increase was partially offset by the fact that the 2015 period included approximately $1,723,000 of interest income collected on an impaired loan that did not recur during 2016.

Rental and other income from real estate properties decreased $4,814,000 (38% decrease) to $7,977,000 for the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to $12,791,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015, primarily due to the sale of four operating properties during 2015 and five during 2016.
43


Expenses

Management fees increased $1,235,000 (60% increase) and servicing fees increased $112,000 (60% increase) during the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to 2015, due to an increase in the average balance of loans in our portfolio of 60% during 2016, as compared to 2015.

The maximum management and servicing fees were paid to the Manager during years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015. The maximum management fee permitted under the Company's charter is 2.75% per year of the average unpaid balance of loans and, accordingly, management fees have (and will continue to) increase proportionately as we deploy capital into loans and increase our loan balances. For the years 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012, the management fees were 2.75%, 2.75%, 2.75%, 2.74% and 2.67% of the average unpaid balance of loans, respectively.
In determining whether to take the maximum management fees permitted, the Manager may consider a number of factors, including current market yields, delinquency experience, un-invested cash and real estate activities. During 2016 and 2015, the Manager chose to take the maximum compensation that it is able to take pursuant to the charter and will likely continue to take the maximum compensation for the foreseeable future.

General and administrative expense increased $290,000 (23% increase) during the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to 2015, due primarily to higher legal, consulting, appraisal, director and audit fees during 2016 as compared to 2015.

Rental and other expenses on real estate properties decreased $1,464,000 (17% decrease) during the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to 2015, primarily due to the sale of four operating properties during 2015 and five during 2016. This decrease was offset by an increase in property tax expense and other holding costs on the TOTB North apartment building held within TOTB Miami that could no longer be capitalized to the basis of the project once construction was completed in March 2016 (and before it was sold in September 2016) and also due to an increase in marketing related expenses for the ZRV property currently under construction during 2016.

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased $794,000 (39% decrease) during the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to 2015, primarily due to the discontinuation of depreciation on certain properties that were moved to Held for Sale during 2015 and 2016.

Interest expense increased $921,000 (48% increase) during the year ended December 31, 2016 as compared to 2015, due to a higher amount of interest incurred on our lines of credit as the balances were higher during the year ended December 31, 2016 as compared to 2015, due to an additional $3,830,000 advance taken on the TSV loan with RaboBank (the "TSV Loan") during the third quarter of 2015 and due to the fact that interest incurred on the TOTB North construction loan could no longer be capitalized to the renovation project beginning in March 2016 as construction was completed (and before it was sold in September 2016).

The provision for loan losses of $1,285,000 during the year ended December 31, 2016 was the result of an analysis performed on the loan portfolio. The general loan loss allowance increased $590,000 during the year ended December 31, 2016 due to an increase in the balance of performing loans during the year, an increase in the historical loss percentage on commercial loans and an increase in land loans in the portfolio which loan segment has a higher loss factor than the other segments. The specific loan loss allowance also increased $694,000 (net) during the year ended December 31, 2016 due primarily to the recording of a specific loan loss allowance of $733,000 as of December 31, 2016 on one impaired loan as a result of an updated analysis of the collateral value completed based on actual sales of units during 2016.

The reversal of the provision for loan losses of $1,027,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015 was the result of an analysis performed on the loan portfolio. The general loan loss allowance increased  $877,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015 due to an increase in the balance of performing loans during the year (net of payoffs). There was also an increase in the balance of both land and residential loans which have a higher historical loss factor for purposes of the general allowance calculation. The specific loan loss allowance decreased $1,904,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015, because new appraisals obtained during 2015 on two impaired loans reflected increased values of the underlying collateral, thus, resulting in a decrease in the specific allowance on these loans.

44

The impairment losses on real estate properties of $3,228,000 and $1,589,000, respectively, during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015 were the result of updated appraisals or other valuation information obtained on certain of our real estate properties during those years.

Gain on Sales of Real Estate

Gain on sales of real estate (excluding gain attributable to a non-controlling interest in 2016) increased $2,679,000 during the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to 2015, as a result of the sale of seven real estate properties during 2016 (three partially), resulting in net gains totaling $24,498,000 (see further detail under "Net Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests" and "Real Estate Properties Held for Sale and Investment" below). The gain from the sale of one of these properties was offset by net income attributable to a non-controlling interest of approximately $3,716,000, as a portion of the gain on sale of the property held within TOTB Miami, LLC was attributable to the non-controlling interest.  During 2015, we sold eight real estate properties, resulting in gains totaling $21,666,000 and recognized $153,000 of deferred gain under the installment method related to the sale of the condominiums located in Santa Barbara, California in 2012 due to the remaining repayment of the carry back loan during 2015.
We believe, from period to period in the near term, there will be fluctuations in net income resulting from the lag time between the sale of our real estate assets and deployment of the proceeds into new loan investments.

Income Tax Benefit
Income tax benefit increased $7,342,000 during the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to 2015, as a result of the transfer of two properties into ZRV and conversion of ZRV into a taxable REIT subsidiary during the second quarter of 2016, which now makes the income (loss) from these real estate assets taxable. Due to differences between the book and tax basis of these assets and net losses experienced to date, a deferred tax asset and related income tax benefit totaling $7,249,000 was recorded as of December 31, 2016. The Company's effective tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2016 differed from the statutory tax rate because the properties held within the ZRV TRS had differences between their respective book and tax basis and management now projects that the Company will realize the benefits from deferred tax assets related to these basis differences. The Company also has approximately $5,514,000 of net Federal tax losses to date that can be carried forward to offset taxable income in future years. As a result, a $7,249,000 deferred tax benefit was recorded during the year ended December 31, 2016 (as compared to income tax expense of $93,000 during 2015).

Net Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests increased $904,000 (34% increase) during the year ended December 31, 2016, as compared to 2015, due primarily to the sale of the condominium units and renovated apartment building owned by TOTB Miami, LLC during 2016 as a portion of the gain on sale of approximately $3,716,000 was attributable to our joint venture partner in TOTB Miami. During 2015, we sold the shopping center owned by 720 University and a portion of the gain on sale of approximately $2,479,000 was attributable to our joint venture partner in 720 University.
 
45

Comparison of Results of Operations for Years Ended 2015 and 2014
The following table sets forth our results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Increase/(Decrease)
   
2015
 
2014
   
Amount
 
Percent
 
Revenues:
                         
Interest income on loans
 
$
8,277,004
 
$
5,382,019
   
$
2,894,985
 
54
%
Rental and other income from real estate properties
   
12,791,096
   
12,268,214
     
522,882
 
4
%
Income from investment in limited liability company
   
175,451
   
169,999
     
5,452
 
3
%
Other income
   
   
19
     
(19
)
nm
 
   Total revenues
   
21,243,551
   
17,820,251
     
3,423,300
 
19
%
Expenses:
                         
Management fees to Manager
   
2,051,134
   
1,726,945
     
324,189
 
19
%
Servicing fees to Manager
   
186,467
   
156,995
     
29,472
 
19
%
General and administrative expense
   
1,278,994
   
1,661,210
     
(382,216
)
(23)
%
Rental and other expenses on real estate properties
   
8,510,110
   
8,158,038
     
352,072
 
4
%
Depreciation and amortization
   
2,052,181
   
2,255,577
     
(203,396
)
(9)
%
Interest expense
   
1,938,113
   
1,161,822
     
776,291
 
67
%
Bad debt expense from uncollectible rent
   
152,805
   
3,396
     
149,409
 
nm
 
Recovery of loan losses
   
(1,026,909
)
 
(1,869,733
)
   
842,824
 
(45)
%
Impairment losses on real estate properties
   
1,589,434
   
179,040
     
1,410,394
 
nm
 
   Total expenses
   
16,732,329
   
13,433,290
     
3,299,039
 
25
%
   Operating income
   
4,511,222
   
4,386,961
     
124,261
 
3
%
Gain on sales of real estate, net
   
21,818,553
   
3,243,359
     
18,575,194
 
nm
 
Gain on foreclosure of loans
   
   
464,754
     
(464,754
)
(100)
%
   Net income before income taxes
   
26,329,775
   
8,095,074
     
18,234,701
 
nm
 
Income tax expense
   
(93,335
)
 
     
(93,335
)
100
%
   Net income
   
26,236,440
   
8,095,074
     
18,141,366
 
nm
 
Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
   
(2,667,324
)
 
(165,445
)
   
(2,501,879
)
nm
 
   Net income attributable to common stockholders
 
$
23,569,116
 
$
7,929,629
   
$
15,639,487
 
197
%
nm – not meaningful

Revenues

Interest income on loans increased $2,895,000 (54% increase) to $8,277,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to $5,382,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014. The increase was primarily due to the accretion of the remaining $512,000 discount on an impaired loan as the loan was repaid prior to maturity in the first quarter of 2015, the collection of past due interest related to an impaired loan that we foreclosed on during 2014 of approximately $1,723,000 (as compared to $517,000 that was collected during 2014) and an increase in the average balance of performing loans between 2014 and 2015 of approximately $32,234,000 (96)%.

Rental and other income from real estate properties increased $523,000 (4% increase) to $12,791,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to $12,268,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014, primarily due to rental income from a real estate property obtained via foreclosure in December 2014, increased rental rates and/or occupancy on certain of our properties during 2014 and 2015 and increased income from the TSV retail property that was completed and partially occupied during the fourth quarter of 2014, net of the reduction in rental income following the sale of four operating properties during 2015.

Expenses

Management fees amounted to approximately $2,051,000 (19% increase) and $1,727,000 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Servicing fees amounted to approximately $186,000 (19% increase) and $157,000 for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

46

General and administrative expense decreased $382,000 (23% decrease) during the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to 2014, due primarily to lower legal, appraisal, consulting and insurance expenses during 2015 as compared to 2014.

Rental and other expenses on real estate properties increased $352,000 (4% increase) during the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to 2014, primarily due to expenses incurred on the assisted living facility located in Bensalem, Pennsylvania that was obtained via foreclosure in December 2014 and the completion of the retail complex owned by TSV during the fourth quarter of 2014, and, thus, there was a full year of operating expenses for these properties during 2015. A significant portion of the TSV expenses were charged to tenants as common area maintenance ("CAM") reimbursements and reflected in the increase in revenue for the property during the period. These increased expenses were partially offset by a decrease in expenses as a result of the sale of eight properties during 2015.

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased $203,000 (9% decrease) during the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to 2014, primarily due to the sale of five depreciable properties during 2015.

Interest expense increased $776,000 (67% increase) during the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to 2014, due to interest incurred on our lines of credit, the loans payable within TOTB and TSV and the amortization of deferred financing costs to interest expense from these debt instruments during the year ended December 31, 2015. All of these debt facilities, other than the CB&T Credit Facility and the Opus Credit Facility, began to incur interest expense subsequent to the third quarter of 2014.

The reversal of the provision for loan losses of $1,027,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015 was the result of an analysis performed on the loan portfolio. The general loan loss allowance increased  $877,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015 due to an increase in the balance of performing loans during the year (net of payoffs). There was also an increase in the balance of both land and residential loans which have a higher historical loss factor for purposes of the general allowance calculation. The specific loan loss allowance decreased $1,904,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015, because new appraisals obtained during 2015 on two impaired loans reflected increased values of the underlying collateral, thus, resulting in a decrease in the specific allowance on these loans.

The reversal of the provision for loan losses of $1,870,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 was the result of an analysis performed on the loan portfolio. The general loan loss allowance decreased  $634,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 primarily due to an increase in performing commercial loans during 2014 and due to refinements in the loss and delinquency factors applied by management to performing loans reflecting the positive trends in the economy from increasing property values over the year. The specific loan loss allowance decreased $1,236,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014, primarily because a new appraisal obtained on a $7,535,000 impaired loan reflected an increase in the value of the underlying collateral during 2014, thus, resulting in a decrease in the specific allowance on this loan of $1,248,000.

The impairment losses on real estate properties of $1,589,000 and $179,000, respectively, during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014 were the result of updated appraisals or other valuation information obtained on certain of our real estate properties during those years.

Gain on Sales of Real Estate

Gain on sales of real estate (excluding gain attributable to a non-controlling interest in 2015) increased $18,575,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to 2014. The increase during the year ended December 31, 2015 was a result of the sale of eight real estate properties during 2015, resulting in gains totaling $21,666,000 (see further detail under "Real Estate Properties Held for Sale and Investment" below). We also recognized $153,000 of deferred gain under the installment method related to the sale of the condominiums located in Santa Barbara, California in 2012 due to the remaining repayment of the carry back loan during the first quarter of 2015. The gain from the sale of one of these properties was offset by net income attributable to a non-controlling interest of approximately $2,479,000, as a portion of the gain on sale of the property held within 720 University, LLC was attributable to the non-controlling interest.  During 2014, we sold two parcels of land and recognized deferred gains under the installment method in the total amount of $3,242,000.
47

Net Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests increased $2,502,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015, as compared to 2014, due primarily to the sale of the shopping center owned by 720 University during 2015 as a portion of the gain on sale of approximately $2,479,000 was attributable to our joint venture partner in 720 University.

Financial Condition

December 31, 2016 and 2015

Loan Portfolio

Our portfolio of loan investments decreased from 56 as of December 31, 2015 to 55 as of December 31, 2016, and the average loan balance increased from $1,906,000 as of December 31, 2015 to $2,358,000 as of December 31, 2016.

As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, we had two and three impaired loans, respectively, totaling approximately $4,884,000 (3.8% of the portfolio) and $8,694,000 (8.1%), respectively. This included matured loans totaling $4,656,000 and $8,452,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. In addition, seven loans of approximately $8,686,000 (6.7%) were past maturity but less than ninety days delinquent in monthly payments as of December 31, 2016 (combined total of $13,570,000 (10.5%) and $8,694,000 (8.1%), respectively, that are past maturity and impaired). Of the impaired and past maturity loans, none were in the process of foreclosure and none involved loans to borrowers who were in bankruptcy.  We foreclosed on one loan during the year ended December 31, 2016 with a principal balance of approximately $1,079,000 and obtained the property via the trustee sale. We foreclosed on no loans during the year ended December 31, 2015.

Of the $8,694,000 in loans that were impaired as of December 31, 2015, $7,615,000 remained impaired in 2016 (balance of $4,884,000 as of December 31, 2016) and one loan with a principal balance of $1,079,000 was foreclosed upon during 2016.

As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, approximately $129,454,000 (99.8%) and $106,502,000 (99.8%) of our loans are interest only and/or require the borrower to make a "balloon payment" on the principal amount upon maturity of the loan. To the extent that a borrower has an obligation to pay loan principal in a large lump sum payment, its ability to satisfy this obligation may be dependent upon its ability to sell the property, obtain suitable refinancing or otherwise raise a substantial cash amount. As a result, these loans involve a higher risk of default than fully amortizing loans. Borrowers occasionally are not able to pay the full amount due at the maturity date.  We may allow these borrowers to continue making the regularly scheduled monthly payments for certain periods of time to assist the borrower in meeting the balloon payment obligation without formally filing a notice of default.  These loans for which the principal and any accrued interest is due and payable, but the borrower has failed to make such payment of principal and/or accrued interest are referred to as "past maturity loans". As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, we had eight and two past maturity loans totaling approximately $13,342,000 and $8,452,000, respectively.
There were no loans modified as troubled debt restructurings during the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the terms of one impaired loan were modified as a troubled debt restructuring. The loan was rewritten as the borrower had previously paid the principal balance down partially from sale proceeds. The maturity date was extended by six months to April 2015. All other terms of the loan remained the same. The loan was repaid in full during the fourth quarter of 2015.
48


As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, we held the following types of loan investments:
   
December 31,
2016
   
December 31,
2015
 
By Property Type:
           
Commercial
 
$
102,442,111
   
$
76,800,297
 
Residential
   
19,001,677
     
24,675,867
 
Land
   
8,238,523
     
5,267,643
 
   
$
129,682,311
   
$
106,743,807
 
By Position:
               
Senior loans
 
$
126,873,673
   
$
103,716,010
 
Junior loans
   
2,808,638
     
3,027,797
 
   
$
129,682,311
   
$
106,743,807
 

The types of property securing our commercial real estate loans are as follows as of December 31, 2016 and 2015:

   
December 31,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
Commercial Real Estate Loans:
             
Office
 
$
33,608,898
 
$
28,210,997
 
Retail
   
19,959,635
   
9,206,415
 
Storage
   
13,015,175
   
7,652,116
 
Apartment
   
11,366,570
   
13,094,806
 
Hotel
   
9,567,143
   
7,985,000
 
Industrial
   
7,376,477
   
3,483,318
 
Marina
   
3,500,000
   
3,500,000
 
Assisted care
   
1,328,213
   
947,645
 
Church
   
1,175,000
   
1,175,000
 
Golf course
   
1,145,000
   
1,145,000
 
Restaurant
   
400,000
   
400,000
 
   
$
102,442,111
 
$
76,800,297
 

Scheduled maturities of loan investments as of December 31, 2016 and the interest rate sensitivity of such loans are as follows:
 
 
Fixed
Interest
Rate
   
Variable
Interest
Rate
   
Total
 
Year ending December 31:
                       
2016 (past maturity)
 
$
13,341,827
   
$
   
$
13,341,827
 
2017
   
45,162,665
     
4,306,942
     
49,469,607
 
2018
   
48,873,030
     
5,499,498
     
54,372,528
 
2019
   
12,270,000
     
     
12,270,000
 
2020
   
     
     
 
2021
   
     
     
 
Thereafter (through 2028)
   
228,349
     
     
228,349
 
   
$
119,875,871
   
$
9,806,440
   
$
129,682,311
 

Currently, our variable rate loans use as indices the three-month or six-month LIBOR rates (1.0% and 1.32% respectively, at December 31, 2016) or include terms whereby the interest rate we charge is increased at a later date. Premiums over these indices have varied from 6.5% to 9.0% and may be higher or lower depending upon market conditions at the time the loan is made.
49

The following is a schedule by geographic location of loan investments as of December 31, 2016 and 2015:

   
December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
Balance
 
Percentage
 
Balance
 
Percentage
 
California
 
$
98,319,923
 
75.81%
 
$
82,406,162
 
77.20%
 
Arizona
   
4,655,517
 
3.59%
   
10,103,722
 
9.47%
 
Colorado
   
1,595,000
 
1.23%
   
 
0.00%
 
Hawaii
   
1,450,000
 
1.12%
   
1,450,000
 
1.36%
 
Michigan
   
10,337,157
 
7.97%
   
6,335,000
 
5.93%
 
Nevada
   
3,669,584
 
2.83%
   
6,298,923
 
5.90%
 
Ohio
   
3,627,506
 
2.80%
   
 
0.00%
 
Oregon
   
 
0.00%
   
150,000
 
0.14%
 
Texas
   
6,027,624
 
4.65%
   
 
0.00%
 
   
$
129,682,311
 
100.00%
 
$
106,743,807
 
100.00%
 

As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, our loans secured by real property collateral located in Northern California totaled approximately 53% ($69,179,000) and 71% ($75,971,000), respectively, of the loan portfolio. The Northern California region (which includes Monterey, Fresno, Kings, Tulare and Inyo counties and all counties north) is a large geographic area which has a diversified economic base. The ability of borrowers to repay loans is influenced by the economic strength of the region and the impact of prevailing market conditions on the value of real estate.

Our investment in loans increased by $22,839,000 (21%) during the year ended December 31, 2016 as a result of new loan originations during the year, net of loan payoffs and one loan foreclosure. As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, we had twenty-two and twenty-four construction/rehabilitation loans in our portfolio with aggregate outstanding principal balances totaling $46,330,000 and $34,416,000, respectively.

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses increased (decreased) by approximately $864,000,  $(1,027,000) and $(1,870,000) (provsion, net of reversals and charge-offs) during the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  The Manager believes that the allowance for loan losses is sufficient given the estimated underlying collateral values of impaired loans. There is no precise method used by the Manager to predict delinquency rates or losses on specific loans.  The Manager has considered the number and amount of delinquent loans, loans subject to workout agreements and loans in bankruptcy in determining allowances for loan losses, but there can be no absolute assurance that the allowance is sufficient.  Because any decision regarding the allowance for loan losses reflects judgment about the probability of future events, there is an inherent risk that such judgments will prove incorrect.  In such event, actual losses may exceed (or be less than) the amount of any reserve.  To the extent that we experience losses greater than the amount of its reserves, we may incur a charge to earnings that will adversely affect operating results and the amount of any dividends paid.

Changes in the allowance for loan losses for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 were as follows:
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
Balance, beginning of period
$
1,842,446
 
$
2,869,355
 
$
4,739,088
 
Provision for (reversal of) loan losses
 
1,284,896
   
(1,026,909
)
 
(1,869,733
)
Charge-offs
 
(447,520
)
 
   
 
Recoveries
 
27,000
   
   
 
Balance, end of period
$
2,706,822
 
$
1,842,446
 
$
2,869,355
 

As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, there was a general allowance for loan losses of $1,974,110 and $1,356,623, respectively, and a specific allowance for loan losses on one loan in the amount of $732,712 and $485,823, respectively.
50

Real Estate Properties Held for Sale and Investment

As of December 31, 2016, we held title to twenty-two properties that were acquired through foreclosure, with a total carrying amount of approximately $113,123,000 (including properties held in five limited liability companies and three corporations), net of accumulated depreciation of $3,151,000. As of December 31, 2016, properties held for sale total $75,843,000 and properties held for investment total $37,280,000. We foreclosed on one loan during the year ended December 31, 2016 with a principal balance of approximately $1,079,000 and obtained the property via the trustee sale. We foreclosed on no loans during the year ended December 31, 2015. When we acquire property by foreclosure, we typically earn less income on those properties than could be earned on loans and we may not be able to sell the properties in a timely manner.

Changes in real estate held for sale and investment during the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014 were as follows:

 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
Balance, beginning of period
$
153,838,412
 
$
163,016,805
 
$
135,315,964
 
Real estate acquired through foreclosure
 
700,800
   
   
9,572,406
 
Investments in real estate properties
 
29,061,735
   
25,274,125
   
21,866,298
 
Amortization of deferred financing costs capitalized to construction project
 
119,471
   
207,347
   
120,952
 
Sales of real estate properties
 
(66,183,589
)
 
(31,099,086
)
 
(1,529,227
)
Impairment losses on real estate properties
 
(3,227,807
)
 
(1,589,434
)
 
(179,040
)
Depreciation of properties held for investment
 
(1,185,624
)
 
(1,971,345
)
 
(2,150,548
)
Balance, end of period
$
113,123,398
 
$
153,838,412
 
$
163,016,805
 

Thirteen of our twenty-two properties do not currently generate revenue. Three of the Company's twenty-four commercial leases are set to expire during 2017. All of the Company's twelve residential leases are either on a month-to-month basis or will expire in 2017. The Company expects that new leases will be signed with existing or new tenants for the majority of these spaces and at rental rates that are at market and are at or above expiring rental amounts.

For purposes of assessing potential impairment of value during 2016, 2015 and 2014, we obtained updated appraisals or other valuation support on several of our real estate properties held for sale and investment, which resulted in additional impairment losses on three, one and one properties, respectively, in the aggregate amount of approximately $3,228,000, $1,589,000 and $179,000, respectively, recorded in the consolidated statements of operations.

2016 Sales Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2016, we sold seven real estate properties (two partially) with details as follows:

 
 
Net Sales Proceeds
 
Gain (Loss)
 
Light industrial building, Paso Robles, California
 
$
6,023,679
 
$
4,557,979
 
Commercial building in building complex, Roseville, California
   
455,132
   
280,836
 
169 condominium units and 160 unit renovated and unoccupied apartment building, Miami, Florida (held within TOTB Miami, LLC)*
   
74,072,951
   
19,292,364
 
61 condominium units, Lakewood, Washington (held within Phillips Road, LLC)
   
5,030,384
   
846,998
 
2 improved, residential lots, Auburn, California (held within Zalanta Resort at the Village, LLC)
   
186,353
   
89,675
 
Medical office condominium complex, Gilbert, Arizona (held within Zalanta Resort at the Village, LLC)
   
3,793,870
   
(30,010
)
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Gypsum, Colorado (three separate sales)
   
1,434,273
   
(540,079
)
   
$
90,966,642
 
$
24,497,763
 
 
* $32,881,000 of proceeds were used to pay off debt securing the properties and $7,934,000 was distributed to the non-controlling interest.
 

51


In September, 2016, TSV entered into a Purchase Agreement, as amended by Addendum 2, with Jianping Pan, Kawana Holdings LLC which has assigned its rights to Tahoe Chateau Land Holdings, LLC, a California limited liability company (the "Buyer"). Pursuant to the amended Purchase Agreement, TSV has agreed to sell to Buyer the approximately 8.0 acres of land and entitlements, including related parking and garage structures, owned by TSV in South Lake Tahoe, California, commonly known as The Chateau at the Village as further described in the Purchase Agreement (the "Purchased Property") for a total of $42.5 million, net of seller's credit which includes sales commissions (the "Purchase Price").  The property to be sold does not include the existing retail buildings and improvements (the "Retained Property").

The closing (the "Closing") of the transaction is subject to a number of conditions including, among others, a requirement that the responsible agency for the City of South Lake Tahoe, California approve a final subdivision map that is recorded establishing the Purchased Property and the Retained Property as separate legal parcels (the "Final Subdivision Map"). If the Final Subdivision Map is not recorded by March 31, 2017, the Closing date will be extended up to 60 days to allow TSV additional time to record the map. If, after such extension, the Final Subdivision Map is not recorded but all other closing conditions are satisfied, Addendum 2 provides that the Closing will be held with respect to the overall property, including the Purchased Property and the Retained Property, with the Retained Property to be conveyed back to TSV upon recording the Final Subdivision Map. There can be no assurance if or when the sale of the Purchased Property will be consummated.

Buyer has paid $13,000,000 as a refundable deposit into escrow.  Of this deposit, $3,000,000 has been released as a seller's credit out of escrow to pay certain Buyer expenses. The additional $32.5 million of Purchase Price is to be paid in cash at Closing.

As a result of the execution of the Purchase Agreement, the Company transferred approximately $6,066,000 of land basis from the first phase retail property (currently held for investment) to the second phase land being sold with this transaction. The basis of the property being sold is approximately $28,975,000 as of December 31, 2016.

2015 Sales Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2015, we sold eight real estate properties with details as follows:

 
 
Net Sales Proceeds
 
Gain
Retail complex, Greeley, Colorado (held within 720 University, LLC)*
 
$
20,318,559
 
$
8,642,156
133 condominium units, Phoenix, Arizona (held within 54th Street Condos, LLC)
   
8,930,112
   
2,077,122
Industrial building, Sunnyvale, California (held within Wolfe Central, LLC)
   
8,284,081
   
4,920,957
Storage facility/business, Stockton, California**
   
7,479,080
   
3,695,248
Commercial buildings, Sacramento, California
   
5,153,713
   
1,262,745
Undeveloped, residential land, Madera County, California
   
1,704,122
   
977,542
Retail buildings, San Jose, California
   
1,108,820
   
52,820
Marina, Oakley, California (held within The Last Resort and Marina, LLC)
   
273,841
   
37,341
   
$
53,252,328
 
$
21,665,931
* $9,771,000 of proceeds were used to pay off debt securing the property and $2,479,000 was distributed to the non-controlling interest.
** Including carryback note receivable of $4,650,000.
           

In addition to the above table, we recognized gain of approximately $153,000 during the year ended December 31, 2015 that had previously been deferred related to the sale of a real estate property in 2012.  The gain on the sale of this property was being accounted for under the installment method.
52


2014 Sales Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2014, we sold two real estate properties with details as follows:
 
 
Net Sales Proceeds
 
Gain
Undeveloped commercial land, Half Moon Bay, California
 
$
1,647,130
 
$
178,330
Improved residential lot, West Sacramento, California
   
163,540
   
104,980
   
$
1,810,670
 
$
283,310

In addition to the above table, we recognized gains totaling approximately $2,951,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 that had previously been deferred related to the sales of a real estate properties in 2012 and 2013.  The gains on the sales of these properties were being accounted for under the installment method.

2016 Foreclosure Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company foreclosed on one loan secured by an office property located in Oakdale, California with a principal balance of approximately $1,079,000 and obtained the property via the trustee's sale. In addition, accrued interest and advances made on the loan (for items such as legal fees and delinquent property taxes) in the total amount of approximately $70,000 were capitalized to the basis of the property. A specific loan allowance has been previously established on this loan of approximately $495,000. This amount was then recorded as a charge-off against the allowance for loan losses at the time of foreclosure, after a reduction of the previously established allowance in the amount of approximately $47,000 as a result of an updated appraisal obtained (net charge-off of $448,000). The property, along with a unit in the building purchased by the Company in 2015, was contributed into a new taxable REIT subsidiary, East G, LLC, in June 2016. The property is classified as held for sale as a sale is expected to be completed within a one year period.

2015 Foreclosure Activity

The Company foreclosed on no loans during the year ended December 31, 2015.

2014 Foreclosure Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2014, Sandmound Marina, LLC ("Sandmound") (wholly owned by the Company) foreclosed on a first mortgage loan secured by unimproved land and a marina and campground located in Bethel Island, California with a principal balance of approximately $2,960,000 and obtained the properties via the trustee's sale.In addition, advances made on the loan or incurred as part of the foreclosure in the total amount of approximately $282,000 were capitalized to the basis of the properties. The fair market values of the properties acquired were estimated to be higher than Sandmound's recorded investment in the subject loan, and, thus, a gain on foreclosure in the amount of approximately $257,000 was recorded.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company foreclosed on a first mortgage loan secured by two adjacent, vacant buildings located in San Jose, California with a principal balance of approximately $690,000 and obtained the properties via the trustee's sale.In addition, accrued interest and advances made on the loan or incurred as part of the foreclosure in the total amount of approximately $158,000 were capitalized to the basis of the properties. The fair market values of the properties acquired were estimated to be higher than the Company's recorded investment in the subject loan, and, thus, a gain on foreclosure in the amount of approximately $208,000 was recorded.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company foreclosed on a second mortgage loan secured by an assisted living facility located in Bensalem, Pennsylvania with a principal balance of approximately $3,420,000 and obtained the property via the trustee's sale.In addition, advances made on the loan or incurred as part of the foreclosure in the total amount of approximately $519,000 were capitalized to the basis of the property. In 2012, the Company had purchased the first mortgage loan on this property which it became subject to at the time of foreclosure. Thus, the Company's investment in this loan of approximately $1,079,000 was added to the basis of the property. The fair market value of the property acquired was estimated to approximate the Company's recorded investments in the subject loans.
53


Majority-Owned Limited Liability Companies

720 University, LLC

We had an investment in a limited liability company, 720 University, LLC (720 University), which owned a commercial retail property located in Greeley, Colorado. We received 65% of the profits and losses in 720 University after priority return on partner contributions was allocated at the rate of 10% per annum. The assets, liabilities, income and expenses of 720 University were consolidated into the accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company.
In November 2014, 720 University entered into a Real Estate Sale Agreement pursuant to which 720 University agreed to sell the property for $20,750,000. On January 30, 2015, an initial closing was held for the purpose of refinancing the existing 720 University note payable, and the buyer extended a new loan to 720 University to repay the existing note payable to the bank. The principal amount of the new loan was $9,771,263 and accrued interest at 6.0% per annum until paid off upon the closing of the sale of the property to the buyer. The sale closed in June 2015 resulting in gain on sale of approximately $8,642,000 ($6,163,000 to the Company after the gain attributable to the non-controlling interest or approximately $2,479,000).

The net income to the Company from 720 University was approximately $6,437,000 and $355,000 during the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The non-controlling interest of the joint venture partner of approximately $5,000 as of December 31, 2015 is reported in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. 720 University was dissolved in December 2015.
TOTB Miami, LLC

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company and two co-lenders (which included OFG and PRC Treasures, LLC, or PRC) foreclosed on a participated, first mortgage loan secured by a condominium complex located in Miami, Florida with a principal balance to the Company of approximately $26,257,000 and obtained an undivided interest in the properties via the trustee's sale. The Company and the other lenders formed a Florida limited liability company, TOTB Miami, to own and operate the complex. The complex consisted of three buildings, two of which were renovated and being leased, and in which 169 units remained unsold and one which has been contributed to a wholly-owned subsidiary of TOTB, TOTB North, and contained 160 vacant units that were recently renovated.
In March 2012, we made a priority capital contribution to TOTB in the amount of $7,200,000. TOTB then purchased PRC's member interest in TOTB for $7,200,000. Thus, the remaining members in TOTB are now the Company and OFG.  On the same date, the Company and OFG executed an amendment to the TOTB operating agreement to set the percentage of capital held by each at 80.74% for the Company and 19.26% for OFG based on the dollar amount of capital invested in TOTB. Income and loss allocations were made based on these percentages.

During 2014, TOTB contributed the vacant and unimproved 160 unit apartment building to a new wholly-owned entity, TOTB North. TOTB North then entered into a construction loan agreement which provided up to $21,304,000 for the purpose of renovating and improving the apartment building. As of December 31, 2016 and 2015, the balance on the construction loan was approximately $0 and $16,010,000, respectively. The construction project was substantially completed in March 2016. The loan was repaid in full with the closing of the sale of the TOTB property in September 2016 (see below).

During 2014, TOTB entered into a loan agreement whereby it borrowed $13,000,000 secured by the 154 renovated and leased condominium units in the Pointe building. The outstanding balance as of December 31, 2016 and 2015 was approximately $0 and $12,693,000, respectively. The loan bore interest at the floating daily three month LIBOR rate of interest plus 4.0% per annum, but in no event lower than 4.25%. Principal and interest was payable monthly with principal amortizing over 300 months. The loan was repaid in full with the closing of the sale of the TOTB property in September 2016 (see below).

All of the TOTB and TOTB North properties were sold in September 2016 for net sales proceeds of approximately $74,073,000, resulting in gain of approximately $19,292,000 ($15,577,000 to the Company after the gain attributable to the non-controlling interest of approximately $3,716,000).

The non-controlling interest of OFG totaled approximately $0 and $4,524,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The net income to the Company from TOTB was approximately $14,977,000,  $311,000 and $573,000 during the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 
54

Equity Method Investment in Limited Liability Company

1850 De La Cruz, LLC

During 2008, we entered into an Operating Agreement of 1850 De La Cruz LLC, a California limited liability company ("1850"), with Nanook Ventures LLC ("Nanook"), an unrelated party.  The purpose of the joint venture is to acquire, own and operate certain industrial land and buildings located in Santa Clara, California that were owned by the Company. At the time of closing in July 2008, the two properties were separately contributed to two new limited liability companies, Nanook Ventures One LLC and Nanook Ventures Two LLC that are wholly owned by 1850. The Company and Nanook are the Members of 1850 and NV Manager, LLC is the manager.

During the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, we received capital distributions from 1850 in the total amount of $180,000, $177,000 and $170,000, respectively. The net income to the Company from its investment in 1850 De La Cruz was approximately $179,000, $175,000 and $170,000 for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash decreased from approximately $8,481,000 as of December 31, 2015 to approximately $6,934,000 as of December 31, 2016 ($1,547,000 or 18% decrease) due primarily to cash used totaling $137,626,000 for investment in loans and real estate properties, net repayment of debt and dividends paid, which was offset by cash received totaling $137,107,000  from the sale of real estate properties (net of distributions to non-controlling interest) and principal collected on loans. In addition, the Company used $943,000 in cash for operating activities during 2016.

Interest and Other Receivables

Interest and other receivables increased from approximately $1,765,000 as of December 31, 2015 to $2,164,000 as of December 31, 2016 ($399,000 or 23% increase) due primarily to an additional unsecured loan of $250,000 made to our tenant in the assisted care facility located in Bensalem, Pennsylvania. The tenant is in the process of transitioning the facility and business to memory care in order to increase occupancy and income on the property and needed funds to continue to operate during this transition. The remaining increase was due primarily to growth in the loan portfolio during the year.

Deferred Financing Costs

Deferred financing costs accounted for as assets increased from approximately $126,000 as of December 31, 2015 to $172,000 as of December 31, 2016 ($46,000 or 36% increase) due primarily to a new origination fee and other loan costs paid on the amended CB&T Credit Facility during the year ended December 31, 2016, net of amortization of such costs.

Deferred Tax Assets, Net

Deferred tax assets increased from $0 as of December 31, 2015 to approximately $7,249,000 as of December 31, 2016 due to the transfer of two properties into ZRV and the conversion of ZRV into a TRS during the second quarter of 2016, which now makes the income (loss) from these real estate assets taxable. Due to temporary differences between the book and tax basis of these assets and net operating losses to date, a deferred tax asset and related income tax benefit totaling approximately $7,249,000 was recorded during the year ended December 31, 2016.

Dividends Payable

Dividends payable decreased from approximately $2,133,000 as of December 31, 2015 to $1,402,000 as of
December 31, 2016 ($731,000 or 34% decrease) primarily due to a decrease in Federal income taxes paid on undistributed capital gains on behalf of shareholders. In January 2016 a tax payment in the amount $1,314,000 was made (for 2015 undistributed capital gains), whereas in January 2017 a tax payment in the amount of $583,000 was made (for 2016 undistributed capital gains).

Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities increased from approximately $3,359,000 as of December 31, 2015 to $3,700,000 as of December 31, 2016 ($341,000 or 10% increase), due primarily to increased payables related to the construction activities on the property owned by ZRV.

55

Lines of Credit Payable

Lines of credit payable decreased from $20,916,000 as of December 31, 2015 to $4,976,000 as of December 31 2016 ($15,940,000 or 76% decrease) due primarily to repayments on the lines of credit as a result of net proceeds received on the sales of real estate properties, net of new loan investments during the year ended December 31, 2016.
 
Notes and Loans Payable on Real Estate

Notes and loans payable decreased from approximately $45,459,000 as of December 31, 2015 to approximately $33,386,000 as of December 31, 2016 ($12,073,000 or 27% decrease) due primarily to the repayment in full of the TOTB Miami and TOTB North loans totaling approximately $32,881,000 as a result of the sale of the related properties during the year ended December 31, 2016, repayment of two notes payable secured by TSV and ZRV real estate totaling $3,400,000, net of an increase in debt of approximately $19,897,000 from the new ZRV construction loan obtained during the year.

Non-controlling Interests

Non-controlling interests decreased from approximately $4,529,000 as of December 31, 2015 to $0 as of December 31, 2016 ($4,529,000 or 100% decrease), due to the sale of the properties owned by TOTB Miami and the distribution of net proceeds to the non-controlling interest during the year ended December 31, 2016. The TOTB Miami LLC was dissolved in December 2016.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Funds from Operations

We utilize supplemental non-GAAP measures of operating performance, including funds from operations ("FFO"), an industry-wide standard measure of REIT operating performance, and adjusted funds from operations ("AFFO"). We believe FFO and AFFO provide investors with additional information concerning our operating performance and a basis to compare our performance with those of other REITs. We determine FFO in accordance with the standards established by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT"), as net income attributable to common stockholders (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding real estate-related depreciation and amortization, impairment losses on depreciable real estate, gains or losses on the sales of depreciable real estate, and after adjustments for unconsolidated ventures.

We calculate AFFO by adding or subtracting from FFO the impact of non-cash accounting items, as well as gains/losses on sales of other real estate. We adjust for these items to analyze our ability to produce cash flow from on-going operations, which we use to pay dividends to our shareholders. Non-cash adjustments to FFO include the following: provisions for (reversals of) loan losses; amortization of deferred financing costs; depreciation of other assets; impairment of other real estate; accretion of loan discount; gain on foreclosure of loans; straight-line rental adjustments and deferred income tax benefit.

Our calculations of FFO and AFFO may not be comparable to similar measures reported by other REITs. These nonGAAP financial measures should not be considered as alternatives to net income as a measure of our operating performance or to cash flows computed in accordance with GAAP as a measure of liquidity, nor are they indicative of cash flows from operating and financial activities.

We urge investors to carefully review the GAAP financial information included as part of the Annual Report, as well as in the Company's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and quarterly earnings releases.
56


The following table reconciles FFO and AFFO to comparable GAAP financial measures:

   
For the Year Ended
   
December 31, 2016
   
December 31, 2015
   
December 31, 2014
   
Funds from Operations
                   
Net income attributable to common stockholders
    $
24,409,770
 
$
23,569,116
 
$
       7,929,629
   
Adjustments:
                   
Depreciation and amortization of real estate
 
1,231,187
 
 
2,014,462
   
         2,221,528
   
Depreciation allocated to non-controlling interests
 
   
(86,401
)
 
           (125,921
)
 
Impairment losses on depreciable real estate
 
1,117,657
 
 
   
            179,040
   
Gain on sales of depreciable real estate, net
 
(24,948,167
)
 
(19,525,445
)
 
        (2,926,904
)
 
Gain on sales of depreciable real estate allocated to non-controlling interest
 
3,715,709
   
2,479,268
   
   
Adjustments for unconsolidated ventures
 
551
   
1,549
   
   
FFO attributable to common stockholders
$
5,526,707
 
$
8,452,549
 
$
        7,277,372
   
Basic and diluted FFO per common share
$
0.54
 
$
0.80
 
$
                 0.68
   
                     
Adjusted Funds from Operations
                   
FFO attributable to common stockholders
$
5,526,707
 
$
8,452,549
   
       7,277,372
   
Adjustments:
                   
Non-cash items:
                   
Provision for (reversal of) loan losses
 
1,284,896
   
(1,026,909
)
 
(1,869,733
)
 
Amortization of deferred financing costs
 
456,168
   
367,471
   
132,723
   
Depreciation of other assets
 
27,118
   
37,719
   
34,049
   
Impairment of other real estate
 
2,110,150
   
1,589,434
   
   
Accretion of discount on loan to interest income
 
   
(536,816
)
 
(122,004
)
 
Gain on foreclosure of loans
 
   
   
(464,754
)
 
Straight-line rental adjustments
 
(52,741
)
 
(32,324
)
 
49,161
   
Deferred income tax benefit
 
(7,248,977
)
 
   
   
Less:
                   
Loss (gain) on sales of other real estate, net
 
450,404
   
(2,293,107
)
 
(316,455
)
 
AFFO attributable to common stockholders
$
2,553,725
 
$
6,558,017
 
$
4,720,359
   

Asset Quality

A consequence of lending activities is that losses will be experienced and that the amount of such losses will vary from time to time, depending on the risk characteristics of the loan portfolio as affected by economic conditions and the financial experiences of borrowers.  Many of these factors are beyond the control of the Company or its management. There is no precise method of predicting specific losses or amounts that ultimately may be charged off on specific loans or on segments of the loan portfolio.

The conclusion that a Company loan may become uncollectible, in whole or in part, is a matter of judgment. Although supervised lenders are subject to regulations that, among other things, require them to perform ongoing analyses of their loan portfolios (including analyses of loan-to-value ratios, reserves, etc.), and to obtain current information regarding their borrowers and the securing properties, we are not subject to these regulations and have not adopted these practices. Rather, management, in connection with the quarterly closing of our accounting records and the preparation of the financial statements, evaluates our loan portfolio. The allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses based on management's evaluation of the risk inherent in our loan portfolio and current economic conditions. Such evaluation, which includes a review of all loans on which management determines that full collectability may not be reasonably assured, considers among other matters:

57

·
prevailing economic conditions;
·
our historical loss experience;
·
the types and dollar amounts of loans in the portfolio;
·
borrowers' financial condition and adverse situations that may affect the borrowers' ability to pay;
·
evaluation of industry trends;
·
review and evaluation of loans identified as having loss potential; and
·
estimated net realizable value or fair value of the underlying collateral.

Based upon this evaluation, a determination is made as to whether the allowance for loan losses is adequate to cover probable incurred credit losses in the Company's loan portfolio. Additions to the allowance for loan losses are made by charges to the provision for loan losses. Loan losses deemed to be uncollectible are charged against the allowance for loan losses. Recoveries of previously charged off amounts are credited to the allowance for loan losses. As of December 31, 2016, management believes that the allowance for loan losses of approximately $2,707,000 is adequate in amount to cover probable incurred credit losses. Because of the number of variables involved, the magnitude of the swings possible and management's inability to control many of these factors, actual results may and do sometimes differ significantly from estimates made by management. As of December 31, 2016, two loans totaling approximately $4,884,000 were impaired. One of these loans of approximately $4,656,000 was past maturity as of December 31, 2016. During the year ended December 31, 2016, we recorded a net increase in the allowance for loan losses of approximately $864,000 (increase in the specific allowance of $694,000, increase in the general allowance of approximately $591,000, recovery of $27,000, net of charge-off of approximately $448,000).  Management believes that the allowance for loan losses is sufficient given the estimated fair value of the collateral underlying impaired and past maturity loans and based on historical loss and delinquency factors applied to performing loans by class.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Liquidity is a measure of our ability to meet potential cash requirements, including ongoing commitments to repay borrowings, fund and maintain our assets and operations, make distributions to our stockholders and other general business needs.

We believe our available cash and restricted cash balances, other financing arrangements, and cash flows from operations will be sufficient to fund our liquidity requirements for the next 12 months.

We require liquidity to:
 
 
fund future loan investments;
 
 
to develop, improve and maintain real estate properties;
 
 
to repay principal and interest on our borrowings;
 
 
to pay our expenses, including compensation to our Manager;
 
 
to pay U.S. federal, state, and local taxes of our TRSs;
 
 
to distribute annually a minimum of 90% of our REIT taxable income and to make investments in a manner that enables us to maintain our qualification as a REIT; and
 
 
to make tax payments associated with undistributed capital gains.

We intend to meet these liquidity requirements primarily through the following:
 
 
the use of our cash and cash equivalent balances of $434,000 as of December 31, 2016;
 
 
cash generated from operating activities, including interest income from our loan portfolio and income generated from our real estate properties;
 
 
proceeds from the sales of real estate properties;
 
 
proceeds from our line of credit;
 
 
proceeds from future borrowings including additional lines of credit;
58

 
 
 
proceeds from the construction loan obtained by ZRV for construction of a new mixed-use retail and residential building; and
 
 
proceeds from potential future offerings of our equity securities.

The following table summarizes our cash flow activity for the periods presented:

 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
$
(943,292
)
$
5,880,684
 
$
            2,967,167
 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
 
41,447,991
   
(9,376,732
)
 
         (38,875,451
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(41,326,298
)
 
3,338,345
   
           29,163,095
 

During the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, our unrestricted cash and cash equivalents decreased approximately $822,000 and $158,000, respectively. The decrease during 2016 was primarily due to more cash used for investments in loans and real estate properties and net repayment of debt as compared to cash received from the sales of real estate properties and principal payments on loans during the year. The decrease during 2015 was primarily due to investments in new loans and capitalized costs related to construction on the second phase retail/residential portion of the land now owned by Zalanta, net of proceeds from the sales of eight real estate properties during the year.

Operating Activities

Cash flows from operating activities are primarily rental and other income from real estate properties, net of real estate expenses, and interest received from our investments in loans, partially offset by payment of operating expenses. For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, cash flows from operating activities decreased $6,824,000 and increased $2,914,000, respectively, as compared to the previous year. The decrease during 2016 reflects decreased cash flow from rental properties as a result of the sale of four operating properties during 2015 and five during 2016 and higher management and service fees, general and administrative expenses and interest expense during 2016 as compared to 2015. The increase during 2015 was due to increased cash flow from rental properties as a result of increased occupancy and rental rates, completion and leasing of the TSV retail complex during the fourth quarter of 2014 and increased interest income on performing loans and collected on impaired loans during 2015.

Investing Activities

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities for the periods presented reflect our investing activity. For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, cash flows from investing activities increased $50,825,000 and $29,499,000, respectively, as compared to the previous year. Approximately $41,448,000 was provided by investing activities during 2016 as $145,977,000 was received from the sales of real estate properties, the payoff of loans and transfer from restricted cash, which was partially offset by an aggregate of $104,679,000 that was used for investment in loans and improvements to real estate properties during the year. Approximately $9,377,000 was used in investing activities during 2015 as an aggregate of $93,324,000 was used for investment in loans, improvements to real estate properties and transfer to restricted cash, which was partially offset by net proceeds from the sales of real estate properties and the payoff of loans totaling $83,818,000 during the period.

Financing Activities

Net cash used in financing activities during 2016 totaled approximately $41,326,000 and consisted primarily of $28,354,000 of net repayments on our lines of credit and notes payable, $8,144,000 of distributions to non-controlling interests and $4,593,000 of dividends paid to stockholders.  Net cash provided by financing activities during 2015 of approximately $3,338,000 reflects net advances on CB&T and Opus Credit Facilities of $9,466,000, $28,603,000 in additional borrowings on notes and loans payable and a $279,000 contribution from non-controlling interest, net of dividends paid to stockholders of approximately $4,817,000, distribution of non-controlling interest of $2,592,000, purchase of treasury stock pursuant to the 2015 Repurchase Plan of $7,503,000, payment of deferred financing costs of $42,000 and repayments of notes payable of $20,056,000.

59

Dividends

We intend to make regular quarterly distributions to holders of our Common Stock. U.S. federal income tax law generally requires that a REIT annually distribute at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gains, and to the extent that it annually distributes less than 100% of its REIT taxable income, including capital gains, in any taxable year, that it pay tax at regular corporate rates on that undistributed portion. We intend to make regular quarterly distributions to our stockholders in an amount equal to or greater than our REIT taxable income, excluding net capital gains, if and to the extent authorized by our Board of Directors. Before we make any distributions, whether for U.S. federal income tax purposes or otherwise, we must first meet both our operating requirements and debt service on our debt payable. If our cash available for distribution is less than our REIT taxable income, we could be required to sell assets or borrow funds to make cash distributions or we may make a portion of the required distribution in the form of a taxable stock distribution or distribution of debt securities.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured investment vehicles, special purpose entities or VIEs, established to facilitate off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. Further, we have not guaranteed any obligations of unconsolidated entities or entered into any commitment or intend to provide additional funding to any such entities.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments
The table below summarizes our known contractual obligations as of December 31, 2016 and in future periods in which we expect to settle such obligations. The table does not reflect the effect of actual repayments or draws on the obligations or any new financing obtained subsequent to year end.
 
                                         
 
  
Payment due by Period
 
Contractual Obligations
  
Total
 
  
Less Than
1 Year
 
  
1-3
Years
 
  
3-5
Years
 
  
More Than
5 Years
 
Recourse indebtedness:
  
     
  
     
  
     
  
     
  
     
Line of credit payable (1)
  
$
4,976,000
  
  
$
  
  
$
4,976,000
  
  
$
  
  
$
  
Loans payable on real estate
  
 
13,634,889
  
  
 
392,375
  
  
 
826,740
  
  
 
12,415,774
  
  
 
  
Construction loan payable (2)
  
 
20,213,560
     
20,213,560
     
     
     
  
Total recourse indebtedness
  
 
38,824,449
     
20,605,935
     
5,802,740
     
12,415,774
     
  
Non-recourse indebtedness:
  
                                     
Notes payable on real estate
  
 
     
     
     
     
  
Total non-recourse indebtedness
  
 
     
     
     
     
  
Total indebtedness
  
 
38,824,449
     
20,605,935
     
5,802,740
     
12,415,774
     
  
                                         
Interest payable (3)
  
 
2,638,313
  
  
 
1,254,681
  
  
 
925,042
  
  
 
458,590
  
  
 
  
Real estate construction/renovation contracts
   
8,067,882
     
8,067,882
     
     
     
 
Commitments to reimburse tenant improvements
   
94,677
     
94,677
     
     
     
 
Funding commitments to borrowers (4)
  
 
31,490,020
  
  
 
31,490,020
  
  
 
  
  
 
 
  
 
 
Total Obligations
  
$
81,115,341
  
  
$
61,513,195
  
  
$
6,727,782
  
  
$
12,874,364
  
  
$
  
 

(1)
As of December 31, 2016, the Company had the ability to borrow $22,625,000 on its line of credit.
(2)
Total available to advance for construction is $31,000,000 and management expects that this amount will be advanced monthly to arrive at that balance by April 2017.
(3)
Variable-rate indebtedness assumes a prime rate of 3.75% (actual rate at December 31, 2016) through the original maturity date of the financing.  Interest payable is based on balances outstanding as of December 31, 2016.
(4)
Amounts represent the commitments we have made to fund borrowers in our existing lending arrangements as of December 31, 2016.

The table above does not reflect amounts due to the Manager pursuant to our charter, as described below, as the charter does not provide for a fixed and determinable payment.

Management Agreement and Charter
The Manager provides services to the Company pursuant to the Management Agreement with the Manager dated May 20, 2013, and is entitled to receive a management fee, servicing fee, late fees, other miscellaneous fees, and the reimbursement of certain expenses as described in the Company's charter. In consideration of the management services rendered to the Company, OFG is entitled to receive from the Company a management fee payable monthly, subject to a maximum of 2.75% per annum of the average unpaid balance of the mortgage loans at the end of each month in the calendar year. In addition, OFG in is also entitled to a monthly loan servicing fee, which, when added to all other fees paid in connection with the servicing of a particular loan, does not exceed the lesser of the customary, competitive fee paid in the community where the loan is placed for the provision of such services on that type of loan, or up to 0.25% per annum of the unpaid principle balance of the loans. Pursuant to the charter, OFG also receives all late payment charges from borrowers on loans owned by the Company, as well as, other miscellaneous fees which are collected from loan payments, loan payoffs or advances from loan principal, payable in cash on a monthly basis following the end of each month.
60

In addition, OFG is reimbursed by the Company for the actual cost of goods, services and materials used for or by the Company and paid by OFG and the salary and related salary expense of OFG's non-management and non-supervisory personnel performing services for the Company which could be performed by independent parties, including tax, accounting, and legal expenses (subject to certain limitations in the Management Agreement). Expense reimbursements to OFG are made in cash on a monthly basis following the end of each month. The Company's reimbursement obligation is not subject to any dollar limitation.
The Management Agreement and the terms of the charter compensation and expense reimbursement  shall remain in effect for the duration of the existence of the Company, unless earlier terminated by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, automatically, or by OFG, or by the Company in accordance with the Agreement.
Company Debt

The terms of the Company debt are discussed in further detail in our consolidated financial statements under "Note 7 – Lines of Credit Payable" and "Note 8 – Notes and Loans Payable on Real Estate" in Item 8 of this Annual Report.

CB&T Line of Credit

As of December 31, 2016, the Company has one credit facility. The total amount available to borrow under the CB&T Credit Facility was $22,625,000 and the balance outstanding was $4,976,000 (leaving $17,649,000 available). As of March 10, 2017, the total amount available to borrow under the CB&T Credit Facility is $41,182,000 and the balance outstanding is $13,314,000 (leaving $27,868,000 available).  Interest on borrowings under the CB&T Credit Facility are payable monthly and, as a result of the amendment to the facility entered into in March 2016 to expand the line of credit and extend its maturity, all amounts outstanding under the facility are to be repaid not later than March 1, 2018 and advances may be made up to that date.

Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC Loan Payable
The balance of the TSV Loan was approximately $13,635,000 as of December 31, 2016 and $13,538,000 as of March 10, 2017. TSV borrowed $10,445,000 at the first closing under the TSV Loan and an additional $3,830,000 in September 2015. TSV makes monthly payments of principal and accrued interest and the balance of the loan is due on the maturity date, which is January 1, 2021.

ZRV Construction Loan
The construction loan among ZRV and ZRV II as the Borrowers and Western Alliance Bank as the lender (the "ZRV Loan") will provide the Borrowers up to $31,000,000, subject to the terms and conditions of the loan, for the purposes of financing the construction of a new mixed-use retail and residential building (the "Project") in South Lake Tahoe, California. The balance of the ZRV Loan was approximately $20,214,000 as of December 31, 2016 and approximately $23,408,000 as of March 10, 2017. Monthly interest only payments are required from an established interest reserve. In addition, on the last day of the calendar quarter in which a Certificate of Occupancy is obtained with respect to completion of the first condominium in the Project, and, continuing on the last day of each calendar quarter thereafter during the term of the Loan, $6 million of principal is required to be repaid. The balance of the ZRV Loan is due on August 3, 2018.
61


Commitments and Contingencies

As of December 31, 2016, we have commitments to advance additional funds to borrowers of construction, rehabilitation and other loans (including interest reserves) in the total amount of approximately $31,490,000.
We have entered into various contracts for design, architectural, engineering, foundation work and construction for the development of the land owned by ZRV. The aggregate amount of these contracts as of the date of this filing is approximately $33,809,000 of which approximately $26,013,000 has been incurred as of December 31, 2016 in addition to other capitalized costs related to the construction project of $3,801,000 (total of $29,814,000). We expect that all costs for this project will be paid from the construction loan or cash reserves. It is possible that additional change orders will be submitted and construction costs may be higher than expected.

We have entered into various contracts for design, architectural and engineering for the development of the land owned by ZRV II. The aggregate amount of these contracts totaled approximately $1,021,000 of which approximately $845,000 had been incurred as of December 31, 2016 in addition to other capitalized costs related to the project of $265,000 (total of $1,110,000). We expect that all costs for this phase of the project will be paid from cash reserves and/or advances from the CB&T Credit Facility. It is possible that additional change orders will be submitted and costs may be higher than expected.

Contingency Reserves

We are required to maintain cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities as contingency reserves in an aggregate amount of at least 1.50% of Capital (as defined in our charter). Although the Manager believes the contingency reserves are adequate, it could become necessary for us to sell or otherwise liquidate certain of our investments or other assets to cover such contingencies on terms which might not be favorable to the Company. The contingency reserves held in restricted cash were approximately $3,738,000 and $3,809,000 as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Item 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market risk is the exposure to loss resulting from changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices, equity prices and real estate values. The primary market risks that we are exposed to are interest rate risk and real estate risk.

Interest Rate Risk

Interest rate risk is highly sensitive to many factors, including governmental monetary tax policies, domestic and international economic and political considerations and other factors beyond our control.

Our operating results are exposed to the risks related to interest rate fluctuations as the results depend to a significant extent on the differences between income from our loans and our borrowing costs. We generally originate fixed rate loan investments and partially finance those investments with floating rate liabilities.  Our investments in fixed rate assets are generally exposed to changes in value due to interest rate fluctuations; however, the short maturity and low debt to investments of our loan portfolio are intended to partially offset that risk. Our average weighted maturity of fixed rate loans as of December 31, 2016 was approximately 13 months though in the past we have extended the maturity date on certain loans which would increase our exposure to interest rate risk.  In addition, our outstanding variable rate debt to loan investments as of December 31, 2016 was 19%. All of our variable rate investment loans and certain of our borrowings are subject to various interest rate floors. As a result, the impact of a change in interest rates may be different on our interest income than it is on our interest expense.  As a result of the floors on our variable rate investment loans (which are a small part of our loan portfolio), and the short term nature of these loans, the impact of a change in prevailing interest rates on our income is unlikely to be material.

The following table projects the potential impact on our interest expense for a 12-month period assuming an instantaneous increase of 100 basis points in 3 Month LIBOR and one percent in the Prime Rate based on balances outstanding as of December 31, 2016:
62


   
As of or for the year ended December 31, 2016
 
   
Variable Rate Loans tied to
3 Mo. Libor
   
Variable Rate Loans tied to Prime Rate
   
Total
 
                   
Aggregate Principal Balance of Debt
$
 
$
25,189,560
 
$
25,189,560
 
                   
Effect of 100 basis point increase in 3 Mo. Libor
$
 
$
 
$
 
Effect of one percent increase in the Prime Rate
 
   
251,896
   
251,896
 
Totals
$
 
$
251,896
 
$
251,896
 
                   

In the event of a significant rising interest rate environment and/or economic downturn, default on our loan portfolio could increase and result in losses to us.  Such delinquencies or defaults could also have an adverse effect on the spreads between interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities.

Credit Risks

Our loans and investments are also subject to credit risk. The performance and value of our loans and investments depend upon the borrowers' ability to operate the properties that serve as our collateral so that they produce cash flows adequate to pay interest and principal due to us and the borrowers' ability to refinance the loans or sell the underlying collateral upon maturity. To monitor this risk, our Manager's asset management team reviews our investment portfolios and in certain instances is in regular contact with our borrowers, monitoring performance of the collateral and enforcing our rights as necessary.

In addition, we are exposed to the risks generally associated with the commercial real estate market, including variances in occupancy rates, capitalization rates, absorption rates, and other macroeconomic factors beyond our control. We seek to manage these risks through our underwriting and asset management processes.

Counterparty Risk

The nature of our business requires us to hold our cash and cash equivalents and obtain financing from various financial institutions. This exposes us to the risk that these financial institutions may not fulfill their obligations to us under these various contractual arrangements. We mitigate this exposure by depositing our cash and cash equivalents and entering into financing and agreements with high credit quality institutions.

The nature of our loans and investments also expose us to the risk that our counterparties do not make required interest and principal payments on scheduled due dates. We seek to manage this risk through our credit analysis prior to making an investment and actively monitoring the asset portfolios that serve as our collateral.

Real Estate Risk

        Commercial mortgage assets may be viewed as exposing an investor to greater risk of loss than residential mortgage assets since such assets are typically secured by larger loans to fewer obligors than residential mortgage assets. Multi-family and commercial property values and net operating income derived from such properties are subject to volatility and may be affected adversely by a number of factors, including, but not limited to, events such as natural disasters including hurricanes and earthquakes, acts of war and/or terrorism and others that may cause unanticipated and uninsured performance declines and/or losses to us or the owners and operators of the real estate securing our investment; national, regional and local economic conditions (which may be adversely affected by industry slowdowns and other factors); local real estate conditions (such as an oversupply of housing, retail, industrial, office or other commercial space); changes or continued weakness in specific industry segments; construction quality, construction delays, construction cost, age and design; demographic factors; retroactive changes to building or similar codes; and increases in operating expenses (such as energy costs). In the event net operating income decreases, a borrower may have difficulty repaying our loans, which could result in losses to us. In addition, decreases in property values reducing the value of collateral, and a lack of liquidity in the market, could reduce the potential proceeds available to a borrower to repay our loans, which could also cause us to suffer losses. Even when the net operating income is sufficient to cover the related property's debt service, there can be no assurance that this will continue to be the case in the future.

63

Prepayment Risk

        Our revenue and earnings may be affected by prepayment rates on our existing investment loans. When we originate our investment loans, we anticipate that we will generate an expected yield. When borrowers prepay their loans faster than we expect, there are no prepayment penalties and we may be unable to replace these loans with new investment loans that will generate yields which are as high as the prepaid mortgage loans.

Item 8. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

OWENS REALTY MORTGAGE, INC.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
December 31, 2016 Consolidated Financial Statements:
   
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
65
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2016 and 2015
66
 
Consolidated Statements of Income for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014
67
 
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014
68
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014
69
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
71
 
Supplemental Schedules:
   
Schedule III: Real Estate and Accumulated Depreciation
107
 
Schedule IV: Mortgage Loans on Real Estate
110
 


64


 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.
Walnut Creek, California

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc. (the "Company") as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2016. In connection with our audits of the consolidated financial statements, we have also audited the financial statement schedules III and IV of the Company listed in the accompanying index (at Item 8). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2016, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedules, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and financial statement schedules and an opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc. as of December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2016 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedules, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2016, based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
/s/ Crowe Horwath LLP
Sacramento, California
March 15, 2017

65

OWENS REALTY MORTGAGE, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets
December 31,

Assets
2016
 
2015
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
434,243
 
$
1,255,842
 
Restricted cash
 
6,500,000
   
7,225,371
 
Loans, net of allowance for loan losses of $2,706,822 in 2016 and $1,842,446 in 2015
 
126,975,489
   
104,901,361
 
Interest and other receivables
 
2,164,335
   
1,764,918
 
Other assets, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $251,729 in 2016 and $275,277 in 2015
 
803,676
   
741,001
 
Deferred financing costs, net of accumulated amortization of $107,744 in 2016 and $323,325 in 2015
 
171,855
   
126,308
 
Deferred tax assets, net
 
7,248,977
   
 
Investment in limited liability company
 
2,140,482
   
2,141,032
 
Real estate held for sale
 
75,843,635
   
100,191,166
 
Real estate held for investment, net of accumulated depreciation of $3,151,427 in 2016 and $2,915,596 in 2015
 
37,279,763
   
53,647,246
 
             
Total assets
$
259,562,455
 
$
271,994,245
 
Liabilities and Equity
           
Liabilities:
           
Dividends payable
$
1,402,496
 
$
2,133,455
 
Due to Manager
 
360,627
   
408,643
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
3,699,859
   
3,359,294
 
Deferred gains
 
209,662
   
209,662
 
Lines of credit payable
 
4,976,000
   
20,915,500
 
Notes and loans payable on real estate
 
33,385,934
   
45,458,844
 
Total liabilities
 
44,034,578
   
72,485,398
 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 15)
           
Equity:
           
Stockholders' equity:
           
Preferred stock, $.01 par value per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2016 and 2015
 
   
 
Common stock, $.01 par value per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 11,198,119 shares issued, 10,247,477 shares outstanding at December 31, 2016 and 2015
 
111,981
   
111,981
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
182,437,522
   
182,437,522
 
Treasury stock, at cost – 950,642 shares at December 31, 2016 and 2015
 
(12,852,058
)
 
(12,852,058
)
Retained earnings
 
45,830,432
   
25,282,553
 
Total stockholders' equity
 
215,527,877
   
194,979,998
 
Non-controlling interests
 
   
4,528,849
 
Total equity
 
215,527,877
   
199,508,847
 
             
Total liabilities and equity
$
259,562,455
 
$
271,994,245
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
66


OWENS REALTY MORTGAGE, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Income
Years Ended December 31,

   
2016
   
2015
 
2014
                   
Revenues:
                 
Interest income on loans
$
8,922,142
 
$
8,277,004
 
$
5,382,019
 
Rental and other income from real estate properties
 
7,977,400
   
12,791,096
   
12,268,214
 
Income from investment in limited liability company
 
179,449
   
175,451
   
169,999
 
Other income
 
   
   
19
 
Total revenues
 
17,078,991
   
21,243,551
   
17,820,251
 
Expenses:
                 
Management fees to Manager
 
3,286,470
   
2,051,134
   
1,726,945
 
Servicing fees to Manager
 
298,770
   
186,467
   
156,995
 
General and administrative expense
 
1,568,890
   
1,278,994
   
1,661,210
 
Rental and other expenses on real estate properties
 
7,045,848
   
8,510,110
   
8,158,038