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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - WestRock Coexhibit321q117.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - WestRock Coexhibit312q117.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - WestRock Coexhibit311q117.htm

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
x
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2016
or
o
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number 001-37484
WestRock Company
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Delaware
 
47-3335141
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
501 South 5th Street, Richmond, Virginia
 
23219-0501
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (804) 444-1000

N/A
(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report.)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes x  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one):
Large accelerated filer x
  
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o  No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Class
 
Outstanding as of January 27, 2017
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
 
250,403,391
 



WESTROCK COMPANY
INDEX
 
 
 
Page
PART I
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2


Glossary of Terms

The following terms or acronyms used in this Form 10-Q are defined below:
Term or Acronym
 
Definition
 
 
 
Adjusted Earnings from Continuing Operations Per Diluted Share
 
As defined on p. 41
Adjusted Income from Continuing Operations
 
As defined on p. 41
A/R Sales Agreement
 
As defined on p. 25
Antitrust Litigation
 
As defined on p. 29
ASC
 
FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification
ASU
 
Accounting Standards Update
BSF
 
Billion square feet
Boiler MACT
 
As defined on p. 27
Business Combination Agreement
 
The Second Amended and Restated Business Combination Agreement, dated as of April 17, 2015 and amended as of May 5, 2015 by and among WestRock, RockTenn, MWV, RockTenn Merger Sub, and MWV Merger Sub
CERCLA
 
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980
Clean Power Plan
 
As defined on p. 28
Code
 
The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended
Combination
 
Pursuant to the Business Combination Agreement, (i) RockTenn Merger Sub was merged with and into RockTenn, with RockTenn surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of WestRock, and (ii) MWV Merger Sub was merged with and into MWV, with MWV surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of WestRock, which occurred on July 1, 2015
Common Stock
 
WestRock common stock, par value $0.01 per share
containerboard
 
Linerboard and corrugating medium
Credit Agreement
 
As defined on p. 24
Credit Facility
 
As defined on p. 24
EPA
 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FASB
 
Financial Accounting Standards Board
Farm Credit Facility
 
As defined on p. 24
Farm Loan Credit Agreement
 
As defined on p. 24
FIFO
 
First-in first-out inventory valuation method
Fiscal 2016 Form 10-K
 
WestRock’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016
GAAP
 
Generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S.
GHG
 
Greenhouse gases
GPS
 
Green Power Solutions of Georgia, LLC
Grupo Gondi
 
Gondi, S.A. de C.V.
IDBs
 
Industrial Development Bonds
Ingevity
 
Ingevity Corporation, formerly the Specialty Chemicals business of WestRock
LIFO
 
Last-in first-out inventory valuation method
MACT
 
Maximum Achievable Control Technology
MEPP or MEPPs
 
Multiemployer pension plan(s)
MWV
 
WestRock MWV, LLC, formerly MeadWestvaco Corporation
MWV Merger Sub
 
Milan Merger Sub, LLC

3


Term or Acronym
 
Definition
 
 
 
MMSF
 
Millions of square feet
MPS
 
Multi Packaging Solutions International Limited
Packaging Acquisition
 
The January 19, 2016 acquisition of certain legal entities formerly owned by Cenveo Inc.
Paris Agreement
 
An agreement signed in April 2016 among the U.S. and over 170 other countries which arose out of negotiations at the United Nation’s Conference of Parties (COP21) climate summit in December 2015
Pension Act
 
Pension Protection Act of 2006
PRPs or PRP
 
Potentially responsible parties
Receivables Facility
 
Our $700.0 million receivables-backed financing facility that expires on July 22, 2019
RockTenn
 
WestRock RKT Company, formerly Rock-Tenn Company
RockTenn Merger Sub
 
Rome Merger Sub, Inc.
SEC
 
Securities and Exchange Commission
Separation
 
The May 15, 2016 distribution of the outstanding common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of Ingevity to WestRock’s shareholders
Seven Hills
 
Seven Hills Paperboard LLC
SG&A
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
Smurfit-Stone
 
Smurfit-Stone Container Corporation
Silgan
 
Silgan Holdings Inc.
Smurfit-Stone Acquisition
 
The May 27, 2011 acquisition of Smurfit-Stone by Rock-Tenn Company
SP Fiber
 
SP Fiber Holdings, Inc.
SP Fiber Acquisition
 
The October 1, 2015 acquisition of SP Fiber
SARs
 
Stock appreciation rights
U.S.
 
United States
WestRock
 
WestRock Company
WestRock MWV, LLC
 
Formerly named MWV
WestRock RKT Company
 
Formerly named RockTenn


4


PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

WESTROCK COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In Millions, Except Per Share Data)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
3,447.2

 
$
3,470.9

Cost of goods sold
2,855.9

 
2,816.2

Gross profit
591.3

 
654.7

Selling, general and administrative, excluding intangible amortization
336.3

 
335.9

Selling, general and administrative intangible amortization
52.6

 
52.6

Restructuring and other costs, net
81.0

 
162.8

Operating profit
121.4

 
103.4

Interest expense
(65.1
)
 
(65.2
)
Interest income and other income (expense), net
12.1

 
15.8

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities
13.7

 
1.3

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
82.1

 
55.3

Income tax expense
(3.6
)
 
(24.9
)
Income from continuing operations
78.5

 
30.4

Loss from discontinued operations (net of income tax expense of $0 and $1.3)

 
(482.1
)
Consolidated net income (loss)
78.5

 
(451.7
)
Less: Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
2.4

 
(1.8
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$
80.9

 
$
(453.5
)
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share from continuing operations
$
0.32

 
$
0.12

Basic loss per share from discontinued operations


 
(1.88
)
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
$
0.32

 
$
(1.76
)
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$
0.32

 
$
0.12

Diluted loss per share from discontinued operations


 
(1.85
)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
$
0.32

 
$
(1.73
)
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends paid per share
$
0.40

 
$
0.375


See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5


WESTROCK COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Unaudited)
(In Millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Consolidated net income (loss)
$
78.5

 
$
(451.7
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
 
 
 
Foreign currency:
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation loss
(110.7
)
 
(49.7
)
Derivatives:
 
 
 
Deferred gain on cash flow hedges
0.1

 

Reclassification adjustment of net loss on cash flow hedges included in earnings

 
0.3

Defined benefit pension plans:
 
 
 
Net actuarial loss arising during the period
(10.2
)
 

Amortization and settlement recognition of net actuarial loss, included in pension cost
4.4

 
1.7

Amortization and curtailment recognition of prior service cost, included in pension cost
0.2

 
0.3

Other comprehensive loss
(116.2
)
 
(47.4
)
Comprehensive loss
(37.7
)
 
(499.1
)
Less: Comprehensive loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
2.9

 
(1.7
)
Comprehensive loss attributable to common stockholders
$
(34.8
)
 
$
(500.8
)

See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements



6


WESTROCK COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(In Millions, Except Share Data) 
 
December 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2016
 
 
 
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
493.3

 
$
340.9

Restricted cash
7.3

 
25.5

Accounts receivable (net of allowances of $38.5 and $36.5)
1,517.5

 
1,592.2

Inventories
1,656.3

 
1,638.2

Other current assets
360.8

 
315.8

Total current assets
4,035.2

 
3,912.6

Property, plant and equipment, net
9,079.1

 
9,294.3

Goodwill
4,762.1

 
4,778.1

Intangibles, net
2,520.1

 
2,599.3

Restricted assets held by special purpose entities
1,291.9

 
1,293.8

Prepaid pension asset
271.5

 
257.8

Other assets

911.2

 
902.3

 
$
22,871.1

 
$
23,038.2

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of debt
$
283.4

 
$
292.9

Accounts payable
1,213.3

 
1,054.4

Accrued compensation and benefits
296.0

 
405.9

Other current liabilities
439.8

 
429.8

Total current liabilities
2,232.5

 
2,183.0

Long-term debt due after one year
5,483.8

 
5,496.3

Pension liabilities, net of current portion
326.7

 
328.1

Postretirement benefit liabilities, net of current portion
141.0

 
140.0

Non-recourse liabilities held by special purpose entities
1,167.8

 
1,170.2

Deferred income taxes
3,116.0

 
3,130.7

Other long-term liabilities
760.6

 
746.2

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)

 


Redeemable noncontrolling interests
12.7

 
13.7

Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 30.0 million shares authorized; no shares outstanding

 

Common Stock, $0.01 par value; 600.0 million shares authorized; 250.1 million and 251.0 million shares outstanding at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, respectively
2.5

 
2.5

Capital in excess of par value
10,430.3

 
10,458.6

Accumulated deficit
(139.2
)
 
(105.9
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(742.1
)
 
(626.4
)
Total stockholders’ equity
9,551.5

 
9,728.8

Noncontrolling interests
78.5

 
101.2

Total equity
9,630.0

 
9,830.0

 
$
22,871.1

 
$
23,038.2


See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7


WESTROCK COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In Millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Operating activities:
 
 
 
Consolidated net income (loss)
$
78.5

 
$
(451.7
)
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
275.2

 
294.3

Cost of real estate sold
51.3

 
9.3

Deferred income tax benefit
(18.8
)
 
(20.5
)
Share-based compensation expense
17.1

 
11.8

Gain on disposal of plant, equipment and other, net
(0.4
)
 
(0.5
)
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities
(13.7
)
 
(1.3
)
Pension and other postretirement funding (more) than expense (income)
(17.0
)
 
(12.2
)
Cash surrender value increase in excess of premiums paid
(6.3
)
 
(10.0
)
Impairment adjustments
38.1

 
123.1

Distributed earnings from equity investments
8.6

 
0.5

Other non-cash items
(13.4
)
 
(14.6
)
Impairment of Specialty Chemicals goodwill

 
478.3

Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
53.8

 
228.6

Inventories
(45.3
)
 
(59.5
)
Other assets
(16.0
)
 
15.5

Accounts payable
166.5

 
(49.0
)
Income taxes
(2.9
)
 
30.5

Accrued liabilities and other
(37.9
)
 
(49.6
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
517.4

 
523.0

Investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(176.1
)
 
(203.8
)
Cash received (paid) for purchase of businesses, net of cash acquired
3.5

 
(281.7
)
Debt purchased in connection with an acquisition

 
(36.5
)
Corporate-owned life insurance premium paid
(0.7
)
 

Investment in unconsolidated entities
(1.4
)
 
(0.1
)
Return of capital from unconsolidated entities
9.5

 
0.1

Proceeds from sale of subsidiary and affiliates

 
10.2

Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
4.7

 
8.4

Net cash used for investing activities
(160.5
)
 
(503.4
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to revolving credit facilities
3.4

 
46.4

Additions to debt
0.6

 
277.2

Repayments of debt
(5.5
)
 
(143.8
)
Other financing repayments
(10.6
)
 
(0.4
)
Issuances of common stock, net of related minimum tax withholdings
9.2

 
5.4

Purchases of common stock
(68.0
)
 
(94.3
)
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation
0.7

 

Advances from (repayments to) unconsolidated entity
1.0

 
(1.1
)
Cash dividends paid to shareholders
(100.4
)
 
(96.4
)
Cash distributions paid to noncontrolling interests
(21.0
)
 
(2.8
)
Net cash used for financing activities
(190.6
)
 
(9.8
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(13.9
)
 
(1.2
)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
152.4

 
8.6

Cash and cash equivalents from continuing operations, at beginning of period
340.9

 
207.8

Cash and cash equivalents from discontinued operations, at beginning of period

 
20.5

Balance of cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
340.9

 
228.3

Cash and cash equivalents from continuing operations, at end of period
493.3

 
204.8

Cash and cash equivalents from discontinued operations, at end of period

 
32.1

Balance of cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
493.3

 
$
236.9


8


 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
Income taxes, net of refunds
$
23.5

 
$
23.4

Interest, net of amounts capitalized
$
20.5

 
$
19.2


Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:

Liabilities assumed in the three months ended December 31, 2015, relate to the SP Fiber Acquisition. For additional information regarding this acquisition, see Note 5. Acquisitions and Investment.

 
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2015
 
(In millions)
Fair value of assets acquired, including goodwill
$
475.2

Cash consideration for the purchase of businesses, net of cash acquired (1)
$
278.5

Debt purchased in connection with an acquisition
$
36.5

Liabilities assumed
$
160.2

 
 
Included in liabilities assumed is the following item:
 
Debt assumed in acquisitions
$
13.7

(1) Cash consideration for the purchase of businesses, net of cash acquired reflects the cash flow line item cash paid for the purchase of businesses, net of cash acquired less the then unreceived estimated working capital settlement of $3.2 million.


See Accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

9


WESTROCK COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
For the Three Month Period Ended December 31, 2016
(Unaudited)
Unless the context otherwise requires, “we”, “us”, “our”, “WestRock” and “the Company” refer to the business of WestRock Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and its partially-owned consolidated subsidiaries.

We are a multinational provider of paper and packaging solutions for consumer and corrugated packaging markets. We partner with our customers to provide differentiated paper and packaging solutions that help them win in the marketplace. Our team members support customers around the world from operating and business locations spanning North America, South America, Europe and Asia. We also develop real estate in the Charleston, SC region.

Note 1.
Interim Financial Statements

Our independent registered public accounting firm has not audited our accompanying interim financial statements. We derived the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2016 from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Fiscal 2016 Form 10-K. In the opinion of our management, the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of our statements of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, our comprehensive loss for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, our financial position at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, and our cash flows for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

On May 15, 2016, WestRock completed the Separation. Ingevity is now an independent public company trading under the symbol “NGVT” on the New York Stock Exchange. With the completion of the Separation, we disposed of our former Specialty Chemicals segment in its entirety and ceased to consolidate its assets, liabilities and results of operations in our consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, we have presented the results of operations of our former Specialty Chemicals segment prior to the Separation as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. See “Note 6. Discontinued Operations” for more information.

We have condensed or omitted certain notes and other information from the interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Therefore, these interim statements should be read in conjunction with our Fiscal 2016 Form 10-K. The results for the three months ended December 31, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the full year.

Note 2.
New Accounting Standards

New Accounting Standards - Recently Issued

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment”, which amends the guidance in ASC 350, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other”. The ASU eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. Instead, entities will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit’s carrying amount over its fair value. The ASU is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed in periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for annual and interim goodwill impairment testing dates after January 1, 2017. The ASU will be applied prospectively. We currently do not expect that the adoption of these provisions will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, “Clarifying the Definition of a Business”, which amends the guidance in ASC 805, “Business Combinations”. The ASU changes the definition of a business to assist entities with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. Under the new guidance, an entity first determines whether substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets. If this threshold is met, the set is not a business. If it is not met, the entity then evaluates whether the set meets the requirements that a business include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. The ASU defines an output as “the result of inputs and processes applied to those inputs that provide goods or services to customers, investment income (such as dividends or interest), or other revenues.” The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (October 1, 2018 for us), including interim periods within those annual periods, and early adoption is permitted. The ASU will be applied prospectively to any transactions occurring within the period of adoption. We are evaluating the impact of these provisions.

10


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)



In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-20, “Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, which amends its new revenue recognition guidance described below. The ASU allows entities to omit quantitative disclosures about remaining performance obligations in certain cases and requires entities that use any of the new or previously existing optional exemptions to expand their qualitative disclosures. It also makes 12 other technical corrections and changes to the new revenue standard. The amendments address questions that stakeholders have raised but do not change any of the principles in the new revenue guidance. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (October 1, 2018 for us), including interim periods within those annual periods, and can be applied using a full retrospective or modified retrospective approach. We are evaluating the impact of these provisions.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, “Restricted Cash”, which amends the guidance in ASC 230, “Statement of Cash Flows”. The new ASU clarifies how entities should present restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. The new guidance will require entities to show the changes in the total of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. As a result, entities will no longer present transfers between cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. When cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, and restricted cash equivalents are presented in more than one line item on the balance sheet, the new guidance requires a reconciliation of the totals in the statement of cash flows to the related captions in the balance sheet. This reconciliation can be prepared either on the face of the statement of cash flows or in the notes to the financial statements. These provisions are effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017 (October 1, 2018 for us), applied retrospectively for each period presented. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the impact of these provisions.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-17, “Interests Held through Related Parties That Are under Common Control”, which amends certain provisions of ASU 810, “Consolidation”. The ASU amends the consolidation requirements that apply to a single decision maker’s evaluation of interests held through related parties that are under common control when it is determining whether it is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity. Under the ASU, a reporting entity considers its indirect economic interests in a variable interest entity held through related parties that are under common control on a proportionate basis, in a manner consistent with its consideration of its indirect economic interests held through related parties that are not under common control. These provisions are effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning on or after December 15, 2016 (October 1, 2017 for us). We currently do not expect that the adoption of these provisions will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, “Income Taxes: Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory”, which requires companies to recognize the income tax effects of intercompany sales and transfers of assets other than inventory (e.g., intangible assets) in the period in which the transfer occurs. Current guidance requires companies to defer the income tax effects of intercompany transfers of assets until the asset has been sold to an outside party or otherwise recognized through use. The new guidance will require companies to defer the income tax effects only of intercompany transfers of inventory. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (October 1, 2018 for us), including interim periods within those annual periods. The guidance requires companies to apply a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative catch-up adjustment to opening retained earnings in the period of adoption. Early adoption is permitted. We currently do not expect that the adoption of these provisions will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15 “Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments”, which amends the guidance in ASC 230, “Statement of Cash Flows”. The ASU clarifies how entities should classify certain cash receipts and cash payments on the statement of cash flows for the following transactions: debt prepayment or extinguishment costs, settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims, proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance, distributions received from equity method investees and beneficial interest in securitization transactions. The ASU also clarifies how the predominance principle should be applied when cash receipts and cash payments have aspects of more than one class of cash flows. The guidance requires retrospective adoption and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 (October 1, 2018 for us), including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted and an entity that elects early adoption must adopt all of the amendments in the period of adoption. We are evaluating the impact of these provisions.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 “Financial Instruments - Credit losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments”, which amends certain provisions of ASU 326, “Financial Instruments-Credit Loss”. The ASU changes the impairment model for most financial assets and certain other instruments. For trade and other receivables, held to maturity debt securities, loans and other instruments, entities will be required to use a new forward-looking “expected loss” model that generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowances for losses. For available for sale debt securities with unrealized losses,

11


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


entities will be required to measure credit losses in a manner similar to what they do today, except that losses will be recognized as allowances rather than reductions in the amortized cost of the securities. Additionally, entities will have to disclose significantly more information, including information used to track credit quality by year or origination for most financing receivables. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 (October 1, 2020 for us), including interim periods within those annual periods, and will be applied as a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period for which the guidance is effective. We currently do not expect that the adoption of these provisions will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12 “Revenue from Contracts with Customer, Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients”, which amends its new revenue recognition guidance on transitioning to the new revenue recognition standard, collectibility, non-cash consideration and the presentation of sales and other similar taxes. The ASU clarifies that, for a contract to be considered completed at transition, all (or substantially all) of the revenue must have been recognized under legacy GAAP. The ASU also clarifies how an entity should evaluate the collectibility threshold and when an entity can recognize nonrefundable consideration received as revenue if an arrangement does not meet the standard’s contract criteria. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (October 1, 2018 for us), including interim periods within those annual periods, and can be applied using a full retrospective or modified retrospective approach. We are evaluating the impact of these provisions.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09 “Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements To Employee Share Based Payment Accounting”, which amends certain provisions of ASU 718, “Compensation - Stock Compensation”. The ASU will require all income tax effects of awards to be recognized in the income statement when the awards vest or are settled. It also will allow an employer to repurchase more of an employee’s shares than it can today for tax withholding purposes without triggering liability accounting and to make a policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur. The provisions are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 (October 1, 2017 for us), including interim periods within those fiscal years. Based on our current stock compensation awards, the adoption is currently not expected to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
 
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08 “Revenue from Contracts with Customer, Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)” to clarify the principal versus agent guidance in its new revenue recognition standard. The amendments clarify how an entity should identify the unit of accounting for the principal versus agent evaluation and how it should apply the control principle to certain types of arrangements, such as service transactions. These provisions also clarify the indicators to determine when an entity is acting as a principal or an agent. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (October 1, 2018 for us), including interim periods within those annual periods, and can be applied using a full retrospective or modified retrospective approach. We are evaluating the impact of these provisions.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-07 “Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures: Simplifying the Transition to the Equity Method of Accounting”, which amends certain provisions of ASU 323 “Investments-Equity Method and Joint Ventures”. The ASU eliminates the requirement that an investor retrospectively apply equity method accounting when an investment that it had accounted for by another method initially qualifies for the equity method. The guidance will be applied prospectively and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 (October 1, 2017 for us), including interim periods within those fiscal years. We currently do not expect that the adoption of these provisions will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-05 “Derivatives and Hedging - Effect of Derivative Contract Novations on Existing Hedge Accounting Relationships”, which amends certain provisions of ASU 815 “Derivatives and Hedging”. The ASU clarifies that a change in the counterparty to a derivative instrument that has been designated as a hedging instrument under ASC 815 does not, in and of itself, require de-designation of the instrument if all other hedge criteria continue to be met. These provisions are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 (October 1, 2017 for us), including interim periods within those fiscal years, and can be adopted using a prospective or modified retrospective approach. Early adoption is permitted. We currently do not expect that these provisions will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 “Leases”, which is codified in ASC 842 “Leases” and supersedes current lease guidance in ASC 840. These provisions require lessees to put a right-of-use asset and lease liability on their balance sheet for operating and financing leases that have a term of more than one year. Expense will be recognized in the income statement similar to current accounting guidance. For lessors, the ASU modifies the classification criteria and the accounting for sales-type and direct financing leases. Entities will need to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about their leases, including characteristics and amounts recognized in the financial statements. These provisions are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 (October 1, 2019 for us), including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted.

12


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


Entities are required to use a modified retrospective approach upon adoption to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. We are evaluating the impact of these provisions.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11 “Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory”, which amends certain provisions of ASC 330 “Inventory”. The ASU requires inventory to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. These provisions do not apply to inventory that is measured using LIFO or the retail inventory method. These provisions apply to all other inventory, which includes inventory that is measured using FIFO or average cost. These provisions are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 (October 1, 2017 for us), including interim periods within those fiscal years, applied prospectively. Early adoption is permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. Given that the majority of our inventory is measured using LIFO, we currently do not expect that the adoption of these provisions will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09 which is codified in ASC 606 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” and supersedes both the revenue recognition requirement to ASC 605 “Revenue Recognition” and most industry-specific guidance. The core principle of ASC 606 is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve that core principle, an entity should apply the five steps set forth in ASC 606. An entity must also disclose sufficient information to enable users of financial statements to understand the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers, including qualitative and quantitative information about contracts with customers, significant judgments and changes in judgments, and assets recognized from the costs to obtain or fulfill a contract. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Deferral of the Effective Date,” which deferred the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year. Therefore, these provisions are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (October 1, 2018 for us), including interim periods within that annual period, and can be applied using a full retrospective or modified retrospective approach. We are evaluating the impact of these provisions.

Note 3.
Equity and Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income

Equity

The following is a summary of the changes in total equity for the three months ended December 31, 2016 (in millions):
 
WestRock
Company
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Noncontrolling (1)
Interests
 
Total
Equity
Balance at September 30, 2016
$
9,728.8

 
$
101.2

 
$
9,830.0

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
80.9

 
(2.4
)
 
78.5

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
(115.7
)
 

 
(115.7
)
Income tax expense from share-based plans
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.1
)
Compensation expense under share-based plans
16.9

 

 
16.9

Cash dividends declared (per share - $0.40)(2)
(101.4
)
 

 
(101.4
)
Distributions and adjustments to noncontrolling interests

 
(20.3
)
 
(20.3
)
Issuance of common stock, net of stock received for minimum tax withholdings
10.1

 

 
10.1

Purchases of common stock
(68.0
)
 

 
(68.0
)
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
9,551.5

 
$
78.5

 
$
9,630.0


(1) 
Excludes amounts related to contingently redeemable noncontrolling interests, which are separately classified outside of permanent equity in the mezzanine section of the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2) 
Includes cash dividends paid, and dividends declared but unpaid, related to the shares reserved but unissued to satisfy Smurfit-Stone bankruptcy claims.

13


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)



Stock Repurchase Program

In July 2015, our board of directors authorized a repurchase program of up to 40.0 million shares of Common Stock, representing approximately 15 percent of our outstanding Common Stock as of July 1, 2015. The shares of Common Stock may be repurchased over an indefinite period of time at the discretion of management. Pursuant to the program, in the three months ended December 31, 2016, we repurchased approximately 1.3 million shares of Common Stock for an aggregate cost of $68.0 million. As of December 31, 2016, we had approximately 25.1 million shares of Common Stock available for repurchase under the program.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The tables below summarize the changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, by component for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in millions):

 
Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined Benefit Pension and Postretirement Plans
 
Foreign Currency Items
 
Total (1)
Balance at September 30, 2016
$
(0.2
)
 
$
(523.8
)
 
$
(102.4
)
 
$
(626.4
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
0.1

 
(10.1
)
 
(110.2
)
 
(120.2
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

 
4.5

 

 
4.5

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
0.1

 
(5.6
)
 
(110.2
)
 
(115.7
)
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(529.4
)
 
$
(212.6
)
 
$
(742.1
)

(1)  
All amounts are net of tax and noncontrolling interests.

 
Cash Flow Hedges
 
Defined Benefit Pension and Postretirement Plans
 
Foreign Currency Items
 
Total (1)
Balance at September 30, 2015
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(540.7
)
 
$
(238.1
)
 
$
(780.2
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications

 

 
(49.5
)
 
(49.5
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
0.3

 
1.9

 

 
2.2

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
0.3

 
1.9

 
(49.5
)
 
(47.3
)
Balance at December 31, 2015
$
(1.1
)
 
$
(538.8
)
 
$
(287.6
)
 
$
(827.5
)

(1)     All amounts are net of tax and noncontrolling interests.

The net of tax amounts were determined using the jurisdictional statutory rates, and reflect effective tax rates averaging approximately 30% to 31% for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and 33% to 34% for the three months ended December 31, 2015. Although we are impacted by a number of currencies, foreign currency translation losses recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended December 31, 2016 were primarily due to the changes in the Euro/U.S. dollar and Mexican Peso/U.S. dollar exchange rates. Foreign currency translation gains and losses recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three months ended December 31, 2015 were primarily due to the change in the Canadian/U.S. dollar and European Euro/U.S. dollar exchange rates. For the three months ended December 31, 2016, we recorded defined benefit actuarial losses of $10.1 million, net of $3.7 million of deferred income tax expense, in other comprehensive (loss) income, due to actuarial experience in our Canadian defined benefit plans.


14


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


The following table summarizes the reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive loss by component (in millions):

 
Three Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
Pretax
 
Tax
 
Net of Tax
 
Pretax
 
Tax
 
Net of Tax
Amortization of defined benefit pension and postretirement items (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
      Actuarial losses (2)
$
(6.4
)
 
$
2.2

 
$
(4.2
)
 
$
(2.3
)
 
$
0.7

 
$
(1.6
)
      Prior service (costs) credits (2)
(0.4
)
 
0.1

 
(0.3
)
 
(0.4
)
 
0.1

 
(0.3
)
Subtotal defined benefit plans
(6.8
)
 
2.3

 
(4.5
)
 
(2.7
)
 
0.8

 
(1.9
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Instruments (1)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
      Commodity cash flow hedges (3)


 

 

 
(0.7
)
 
0.3

 
(0.4
)
      Foreign currency cash flow hedges (4)


 

 

 
0.2

 
(0.1
)
 
0.1

Subtotal derivative instruments



 

 

 
(0.5
)
 
0.2

 
(0.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total reclassifications for the period
$
(6.8
)
 
$
2.3

 
$
(4.5
)
 
$
(3.2
)
 
$
1.0

 
$
(2.2
)

(1)  
Amounts in parentheses indicate charges to earnings. Amounts pertaining to noncontrolling interests are excluded.
(2) 
These accumulated other comprehensive income components are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost. See “Note 13. Retirement Plans” for additional details.
(3) 
These accumulated other comprehensive income components are included in cost of goods sold.
(4) 
These accumulated other comprehensive income components are included in net sales.


15


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


Note 4.
Earnings per Share

Our restricted stock awards granted to non-employee directors are considered participating securities as they receive non-forfeitable rights to dividends at the same rate as Common Stock. As participating securities, we include these instruments in the earnings allocation in computing earnings per share under the two-class method described in ASC 260 “Earnings per Share”. The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share under the two-class method (in millions, except per share data):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Basic earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations

$
78.5

 
$
30.4

Less: Net loss (income) from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interest
2.4

 
(0.1
)
Income available to common stockholders, before discontinued operations

80.9

 
30.3

Loss from discontinued operations (1)

 
(483.8
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$
80.9

 
$
(453.5
)
Denominator:
 
 
 
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
251.2

 
257.6

 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share from continuing operations
$
0.32

 
$
0.12

Basic loss per share from discontinued operations

 
(1.88
)
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
$
0.32

 
$
(1.76
)
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share:
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations

$
78.5

 
$
30.4

Less: Net loss (income) from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interest
2.4

 
(0.1
)
Income available to common stockholders, before discontinued operations

80.9

 
30.3

Loss from discontinued operations (1)

 
(483.8
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$
80.9

 
$
(453.5
)
Denominator:
 
 
 
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
251.2

 
257.6

Effect of dilutive stock options and non-participating securities
4.1

 
4.5

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
255.3

 
262.1

 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$
0.32

 
$
0.12

Diluted loss per share from discontinued operations

 
(1.85
)
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
$
0.32

 
$
(1.73
)

(1)  
Net of income attributable to noncontrolling interests of discontinued operations of $1.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2015, respectively.

During the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 in the table above, the amount of distributed and undistributed income available to participating securities was de minimis and did not impact net income attributable to common stockholders.

16


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)



Weighted average shares includes approximately 0.3 million of reserved, but unissued shares at each of December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015. These reserved shares will be distributed as claims are liquidated or resolved in accordance with the Smurfit-Stone Plan of Reorganization and Confirmation Order.

Options and restricted stock in the amount of 0.6 million and 0.9 million common shares, respectively, in the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, were not included in computing diluted earnings per share because the effect would have been antidilutive.

Note 5.
Acquisitions and Investment

Grupo Gondi Investment

On April 1, 2016, we completed the formation of a joint venture with Grupo Gondi in Mexico. We contributed $175.0 million in cash and the stock of an entity that owns three corrugated packaging facilities in Mexico in return for a 25.0% equity participation in the joint venture and options valued at approximately $0.3 billion. The joint venture operates paper machines, corrugated packaging and high graphic folding carton facilities across various production sites. The cash contribution remains in the joint venture to support its growth. As the majority equity holder, Grupo Gondi manages the joint venture and we provide technical and commercial resources. We believe the joint venture will help grow our presence in the attractive Mexican market. As a result of the transaction, we recorded a pre-tax non-cash gain of $12.1 million included in “Interest income and other income (expense), net” on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in the third quarter of fiscal 2016. The transaction includes future put and call rights with respect to the respective parties’ ownership interest in the joint venture. We have included the financial results of the Grupo Gondi investment since the formation of the joint venture in our Corrugated Packaging segment, and are accounting for the investment under the equity method.
 
Packaging Acquisition

On January 19, 2016, we completed a stock purchase of certain legal entities formerly owned by Cenveo Inc. The entities acquired provide value-added folding carton and litho-laminated display packaging solutions. The purchase price was $94.1 million, net of cash received of $1.7 million, a working capital settlement and a $3.5 million escrow receivable received in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The transaction is subject to an election under Section 338(h)(10) of the Code that increases the U.S. tax basis in the acquired U.S. assets for an as yet to be determined amount. We believe the transaction has provided us with attractive and complementary customers, markets and facilities. We have included the financial results of the acquired entities since the date of the acquisition in our Consumer Packaging segment.

The purchase price allocation for the acquisition included $10.5 million of customer relationship intangible assets, $8.2 million of goodwill and $26.1 million of liabilities, including $1.3 million of debt. We are amortizing the customer relationship intangibles over estimated useful lives ranging from 9 to 15 years based on a straight-line basis because the amortization pattern was not reliably determinable. The fair value assigned to goodwill is primarily attributable to buyer-specific synergies expected to arise after the acquisition (e.g., enhanced reach of the combined organization and other synergies), and the assembled work force. We expect the goodwill and intangibles of the U.S. entities to be amortizable for income tax purposes. At December 31, 2016, we were in the process of finalizing the estimated fair values of all assets acquired and liabilities assumed; thus, the allocation of the purchase price is subject to revision.

SP Fiber

On October 1, 2015, we acquired SP Fiber in a stock purchase. The transaction included the acquisition of mills located in Dublin, GA and Newberg, OR, which produce lightweight recycled containerboard and kraft and bag paper. The Newberg mill also produced newsprint. As part of the transaction, we also acquired SP Fiber's 48% interest in GPS. GPS is a joint venture providing steam to the Dublin mill and electricity to Georgia Power. The purchase price was $278.8 million, net of cash received of $9.2 million and a working capital settlement. In addition, we paid $36.5 million for debt owed by GPS and thereby own the majority of the debt issued by GPS.

The Dublin mill has helped balance the fiber mix of our mill system, including our ability to serve the increasing demand for lighter weight containerboard, and the addition of kraft and bag paper has diversified our product offering. Subsequent to the transaction, we announced the permanent closure of the Newberg mill due to the decline in market conditions of the newsprint business and our need to balance supply and demand in our containerboard system. We determined GPS should be consolidated as a variable interest entity under ASC 810 “Consolidation”. Our evaluation concluded that WestRock is the primary beneficiary

17


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


of GPS as WestRock has both the power and benefits as defined by ASC 810. We have included the financial results of SP Fiber and GPS since the date of the acquisition in our Corrugated Packaging segment.
 
The purchase price allocation for the acquisition included $13.5 million of customer relationship intangible assets, $57.3 million of goodwill and $150.3 million of liabilities, including $13.7 million of debt primarily owed by GPS to third parties. We are amortizing the customer relationship intangibles over 20 years based on a straight-line basis because the amortization pattern was not reliably determinable. The fair value assigned to goodwill is primarily attributable to buyer-specific synergies expected to arise after the acquisition (e.g., enhanced reach of the combined organization and other synergies), the assembled work force of SP Fiber as well as due to establishing deferred taxes for the assets and liabilities acquired. The goodwill and intangibles are not amortizable for income tax purposes.

Note 6.
Discontinued Operations

On May 15, 2016, WestRock completed the Separation. Since the Separation, we have not beneficially owned any shares of Ingevity common stock and Ingevity has been an independent public company trading under the symbol “NGVT” on the New York Stock Exchange. We disposed of the former Specialty Chemicals segment in its entirety and ceased to consolidate its assets, liabilities and results of operations. Accordingly, we have presented the financial position and results of operations of our former Specialty Chemicals segment as discontinued operations in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for all periods presented.

In connection with the Separation, we and Ingevity entered into a separation and distribution agreement as well as various other agreements that provide a framework for the relationships between the parties going forward, including among others a tax matters agreement, a lease and ground service agreement with respect to our Covington, Virginia facility, an intellectual property agreement, a crude tall oil and black liquor soap skimming supply agreement, a trust agreement, an employee matters agreement and a transition services agreement. These agreements provided for the allocation between us and Ingevity of assets, employees, liabilities and obligations attributable to periods prior to, at and after the Separation and govern certain relationships between us and Ingevity after the Separation.

Prior to the Separation, Ingevity, then a wholly-owned subsidiary of WestRock, borrowed $500.0 million in contemplation of the Separation. In addition, Ingevity assumed an $80.0 million, 7.67% capital lease obligation due January 15, 2027 owed to the City of Wickliffe, KY. In contemplation of the Separation, Ingevity also funded a trust in the amount of $68.9 million to secure the balloon principal payment of that capital lease upon the lease’s maturity. We remain a co-obligor on the capital lease obligation; therefore, the capital lease assumed by Ingevity remains recorded in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in long-term debt. At the time of the Separation, we recorded a $108.2 million long-term asset for the estimated fair value of the future principal and interest payments on the capital lease obligation assumed by Ingevity. The value of the long-term asset will reduce over the life of the lease with interest using the effective interest method. The $500.0 million of debt and the $68.9 million in the trust were assumed by Ingevity, and were removed from our condensed consolidated financial statements as part of our discontinued operations reporting.

The following table presents the financial results of Specialty Chemicals’ discontinued operations (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31, 2015
Net sales
$
209.8

Cost of goods sold
163.3

Gross Profit
46.5

Selling, general and administrative, excluding intangible amortization
27.8

Selling, general and administrative intangible amortization
11.6

Restructuring and other costs, net

8.3

Impairment of Specialty Chemicals goodwill
478.3

Operating loss
(479.5
)
Interest income (expense) and other income (expense), net
(1.3
)
Loss from discontinued operations before income taxes
(480.8
)
Income tax expense
(1.3
)
Loss from discontinued operations

$
(482.1
)

18


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)



Restructuring and other costs, net are primarily associated with costs incurred to support the Separation and consist primarily of advisory, legal, accounting and other professional fees.

In the first quarter of fiscal 2016, as part of our evaluation of whether events or changes in circumstances had occurred that would indicate whether it was more likely than not that the goodwill of our then-owned Specialty Chemicals reporting unit was impaired, we considered factors such as, but not limited to, macroeconomic conditions, industry and market considerations, and financial performance, including the planned revenue and earnings of the reporting unit. We concluded that an impairment indicator had occurred related to the goodwill of the Specialty Chemicals reporting unit and that the indicator was driven by market factors subsequent to the Combination.

Accordingly, we performed a “Step 1” goodwill impairment test where we updated the discounted cash flow analysis used to determine the reporting unit’s initial fair value on July 1, 2015. We also compared those results to the valuations performed by our investment bankers in connection with the planned separation of our Specialty Chemicals business. Based on the results of the impairment test and analysis, we concluded that the fair value of the Specialty Chemicals reporting unit was less than its carrying amount and began a “Step 2” goodwill impairment test to determine the amount of impairment loss, if any. As part of the analysis, we determined that the carrying value of the property, plant and equipment and intangibles, all of which have finite lives, on a “held and used” basis did not exceed the estimated undiscounted future cash flows.

In light of changing market conditions, expected revenue and earnings of the reporting unit, lower comparative market valuations for companies in Specialty Chemicals’ peer group and our preliminary “Step 2” test, we concluded that an impairment of the Specialty Chemicals reporting unit was probable and could be reasonably estimated. As a result, we recorded a pre-tax and after-tax non-cash goodwill impairment charge of $478.3 million. This amount is included in the line item “Loss from discontinued operations” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. No tax benefit was recorded for the goodwill impairment.

The following table presents the significant non-cash items and capital expenditures for Specialty Chemicals’ that are included in the three months ended December 31, 2015 Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31, 2015
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
$
22.7

Impairment of Specialty Chemicals goodwill
$
478.3

Capital expenditures
$
(32.2
)

Note 7.
Restructuring and Other Costs, Net

Summary of Restructuring and Other Initiatives

We recorded pre-tax restructuring and other costs, net, of $81.0 million and $162.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. These amounts are not comparable since the timing and scope of the individual actions associated with a restructuring, acquisition or integration can vary. The restructuring and other costs, net, exclude the Specialty Chemicals costs which are included in discontinued operations. We discuss our restructuring and other costs, net in more detail below and those charged to discontinued operations in “Note 6. Discontinued Operations”.

When we close a facility, if necessary, we recognize an impairment charge primarily to reduce the carrying value of equipment or other property to their estimated fair value less cost to sell, and record charges for severance and other employee related costs. Any subsequent change in fair value less cost to sell prior to disposition is recognized as identified; however, no gain is recognized in excess of the cumulative loss previously recorded. At the time of each announced closure, we generally expect to record future charges for equipment relocation, facility carrying costs, costs to terminate a lease or contract before the end of its term and other employee related costs. Although specific circumstances vary, our strategy has generally been to consolidate our sales and operations into large well-equipped plants that operate at high utilization rates and take advantage of available capacity created by operational excellence initiatives. Therefore, we have transferred a substantial portion of each plant’s assets and production to our other plants. We believe these actions have allowed us to more effectively manage our business.


19


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


While restructuring costs are not charged to our segments and, therefore, do not reduce segment income, we highlight the segment to which the charges relate. The following table presents a summary of restructuring and other charges, net, related to active restructuring and other initiatives that we incurred during the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the cumulative recorded amount since we started the initiative, and our estimate of the total we expect to incur (in millions):

Summary of Restructuring and Other Costs, Net
Segment
 
Period
 
Net Property,
Plant and
Equipment (1)
 
Severance
and Other
Employee
Related
Costs
 
Equipment
and Inventory
Relocation
Costs
 
Facility
Carrying
Costs
 
Other
Costs
 
Total
Corrugated
Packaging(2)
 
Current Qtr.
 
$
1.4

 
$
(0.2
)
 
$
0.4

 
$
1.7

 
$
0.1

 
$
3.4

 
Prior Year Qtr.
 
121.2

 
9.1

 
0.2

 
5.2

 
3.3

 
139.0

 
Cumulative
 
221.0

 
39.6

 
4.9

 
32.9

 
21.8

 
320.2

 
Expected Total
 
221.0

 
39.6

 
6.5

 
37.0

 
23.1

 
327.2

Consumer Packaging(3)
 
Current Qtr.
 
19.9

 
8.7

 
0.7

 

 
17.8

 
47.1

 
Prior Year Qtr.
 
(2.1
)
 
0.6

 
0.2

 
0.1

 

 
(1.2
)
 
Cumulative
 
29.2

 
16.7

 
2.8

 
1.7

 
18.4

 
68.8

 
Expected Total
 
29.2

 
16.7

 
3.1

 
1.8

 
18.4

 
69.2

Land and Development (4)
 
Current Qtr.
 

 
0.9

 

 

 

 
0.9

 
Prior Year Qtr.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Cumulative
 

 
11.6

 

 

 

 
11.6

 
Expected Total
 

 
15.1

 

 

 

 
15.1

Other(5)
 
Current Qtr.
 

 
0.3

 

 

 
29.3

 
29.6

 
Prior Year Qtr.
 
1.2

 

 

 

 
23.8

 
25.0

 
Cumulative
 
1.2

 
1.7

 

 

 
416.3

 
419.2

 
Expected Total
 
1.2

 
1.7

 

 

 
416.3

 
419.2

Total
 
Current Qtr.
 
$
21.3

 
$
9.7

 
$
1.1

 
$
1.7

 
$
47.2

 
$
81.0

 
Prior Year Qtr.
 
$
120.3

 
$
9.7

 
$
0.4

 
$
5.3

 
$
27.1

 
$
162.8

 
Cumulative
 
$
251.4

 
$
69.6

 
$
7.7

 
$
34.6

 
$
456.5

 
$
819.8

 
Expected Total
 
$
251.4

 
$
73.1

 
$
9.6

 
$
38.8

 
$
457.8

 
$
830.7


(1) 
We have defined “Net Property, Plant and Equipment” as used in this Note 7 to represent property, plant and equipment impairment losses, subsequent adjustments to fair value for assets classified as held for sale, subsequent (gains) or losses on sales of property, plant and equipment and related parts and supplies, and accelerated depreciation on such assets, if any.

(2) 
The Corrugated Packaging segment current quarter charges primarily reflect on-going closure costs at previously closed facilities. The prior year quarter charges primarily reflect the charges associated with the permanent closures of the Coshocton, OH medium mill and the Newberg, OR containerboard and newsprint mill and on-going closure costs at previously closed facilities. The cumulative charges are primarily associated with the closure of the Coshocton, Uncasville, Newberg, Vapi, India and Matane, Quebec mills, cumulative closure of corrugated container plants and recycled collection facilities and gains and losses associated with the sale of closed facilities. We have transferred a substantial portion of each closed facility's production to our other facilities.

(3) 
The Consumer Packaging segment current quarter charges primarily reflect the charges associated with a folding carton facility including a $17.6 million impairment of a customer relationship intangible in the other costs column, beverage facilities and on-going closure costs at previously closed facilities. The income in the prior year quarter is primarily associated with the gain on sale of the Cincinnati, OH specialty recycled paperboard mill, partially offset by severance costs relating to exiting a product offering at one of our facilities and on-going closure activity at previously closed facilities. The cumulative charges primarily reflect our Cincinnati, OH mill, the aforementioned customer relationship intangible impairment and cumulative closures of folding carton, beverage and merchandising display facilities. We have transferred a substantial portion of each closed facility's production to our other facilities.

20


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


(4) 
The Land and Development segment current quarter and cumulative charges reflect severance and other employee costs related to personnel reductions in the segment.

(5) 
The expenses in the “Other” segment primarily reflect costs that we consider as related to Corporate that primarily consist of costs incurred as a result of acquisition, integration and divestiture expenses, excluding the Specialty Chemicals costs which are included in discontinued operations. The charges in the Net Property, Plant and Equipment column are for the write-off of leasehold improvements associated with the integration of the Combination. The pre-tax charges in the “Other” segment are summarized below (in millions):

 
Acquisition
Expenses
 
Integration
Expenses
 
Divestiture Expenses
 
Other Expenses
 
Total
Current Qtr.
$
1.6

 
$
21.9

 
$
5.8

 
$
0.3

 
$
29.6

Prior Year Qtr.
$
3.5

 
$
21.5

 
$

 
$

 
$
25.0


Acquisition expenses include expenses associated with mergers, acquisitions and other business combinations, whether consummated or not, as well as litigation expenses associated with mergers, acquisitions and business combinations, net of recoveries. Acquisition expenses primarily consist of advisory, legal, accounting, valuation and other professional or consulting fees. Integration expenses reflect primarily severance and other employee costs, professional services including work being performed to facilitate merger and acquisition integration, such as information systems integration costs, lease expense and other costs. Divestiture expenses in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 are primarily associated with the evaluation of strategic alternatives for our Home, Health and Beauty business and consist primarily of advisory, legal, accounting and other professional fees. Due to the complexity and duration of the integration activities associated with the Combination, the precise amount expected to be incurred has not been quantified in the “Expected Total” in the Summary of Restructuring and Other Costs, Net table above. We expect integration activities from the Combination to continue during fiscal 2017.

The following table represents a summary of and the changes in the restructuring accrual, which is primarily composed of lease commitments, accrued severance and other employee costs, and a reconciliation of the restructuring accrual charges to the line item “Restructuring and other costs, net” on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Accrual at beginning of fiscal year
$
44.8

 
$
21.4

Additional accruals
19.1

 
20.2

Payments
(10.6
)
 
(12.2
)
Adjustment to accruals
(1.1
)
 
0.6

Accrual at December 31
$
52.2

 
$
30.0



21


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


Reconciliation of accruals and charges to restructuring and other costs, net (in millions):
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Additional accruals and adjustments to accruals (see table above)
$
18.0

 
$
20.8

Acquisition expenses
1.6

 
3.5

Integration expenses
12.7

 
12.3

Divestiture expenses
5.8

 

Net property, plant and equipment
21.3

 
120.3

Severance and other employee expense
1.3

 
0.1

Equipment and inventory relocation costs
1.1

 
0.4

Facility carrying costs
1.7

 
5.3

Other expense
17.5

 
0.1

Total restructuring and other costs, net
$
81.0

 
$
162.8

 
Note 8.
Income Taxes

The effective tax rates from continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were 4.4% and 45.0%, respectively. The effective tax rate from continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was lower than the statutory federal rate primarily due to (i) a $23.8 million tax benefit related to the reduction of a state deferred tax liability as a result of an internal U.S. legal entity restructuring that will simplify future operating activities within the U.S., (ii) favorable tax items such as the domestic manufacturer’s deduction, (iii) lower tax rates applied to foreign earnings, primarily in Canada, offset by (iv) the exclusion of tax benefits related to losses recorded by certain foreign operations and (v) the inclusion of state taxes. The effective tax rate from continuing operations for the three months ended December 31, 2015 was higher than the statutory federal rate primarily due to the impact of (i) state taxes, (ii) the exclusion of tax benefits related to losses recorded by certain foreign operations, offset by (iii) favorable tax items such as the domestic manufacturer’s deduction and (iv) a tax rate differential applied to certain foreign earnings, primarily in Canada.
  
Note 9.
Inventories

We value substantially all of our U.S. inventories at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined by LIFO, which we believe generally results in a better matching of current costs and revenues than under the FIFO inventory valuation method. In periods of increasing costs, LIFO generally results in higher cost of goods sold than under FIFO. In periods of decreasing costs, the results are generally the opposite. Since LIFO is designed for annual determinations, it is possible to make an actual valuation of inventory under LIFO only at the end of each fiscal year based on the inventory levels and costs at that time. Accordingly, we base interim LIFO estimates on management’s projection of expected year-end inventory levels and costs. We value all other inventories at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined using methods which approximate cost computed on a FIFO basis. These other inventories represent primarily foreign inventories and certain inventoried spare parts and supplies inventories. Inventories were as follows (in millions):
 
December 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2016
Finished goods and work in process
$
836.6

 
$
800.6

Raw materials
543.6

 
535.7

Spare parts and supplies
326.9

 
335.7

Inventories at FIFO cost
1,707.1

 
1,672.0

LIFO reserve
(50.8
)
 
(33.8
)
Net inventories
$
1,656.3

 
$
1,638.2



22


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


Note 10.
Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment, net consists of the following (in millions):    
 
December 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2016
Property, plant and equipment at cost:
 
 
 
Land and buildings
$
2,172.2

 
$
2,307.9

Machinery and equipment
10,789.0

 
10,672.9

Forestlands and mineral rights
202.1

 
201.1

Transportation equipment
28.3

 
27.6

Leasehold improvements
62.4

 
62.4

 
13,254.0

 
13,271.9

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
(4,174.9
)
 
(3,977.6
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
$
9,079.1

 
$
9,294.3


Note 11.
Debt

In connection with the Combination, the public bonds previously issued by WestRock RKT Company and WestRock MWV, LLC are guaranteed by WestRock and have cross-guarantees between the two companies. The IDBs associated with the capital lease obligations of WestRock MWV, LLC are guaranteed by WestRock. The public bonds are unsecured unsubordinated obligations that rank equally in right of payment with all of our existing and future unsecured unsubordinated obligations. The notes are effectively subordinated to any of our existing and future secured debt to the extent of the value of the assets securing such debt. At December 31, 2016, our Credit Facility, Farm Credit Facility and public bonds were unsecured. For more information regarding certain of our debt characteristics, see “Note 10. Debt” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements section of the Fiscal 2016 Form 10-K.

The following were individual components of debt (in millions):
 
December 31, 2016
 
September 30, 2016
 
Carrying Value
 
Weighted Avg. Interest Rate
 
Carrying Value
 
Weighted Avg. Interest Rate
U.S. Dollar Denominated Fixed Rate Debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public bonds due fiscal 2017 to 2022
$
1,645.6

 
3.9
%
 
$
1,651.0

 
3.9
%
Public bonds due fiscal 2023 to 2027
411.8

 
4.3
%
 
411.8

 
4.3
%
Public bonds due fiscal 2030 to 2033
983.6

 
4.7
%
 
987.5

 
4.7
%
Public bonds due fiscal 2037 to 2047
179.0

 
6.0
%
 
179.2

 
6.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Dollar Denominated Floating Rate Debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Term loan facilities
2,196.0

 
1.8
%
 
2,195.7

 
1.8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital lease obligations
182.0

 
4.2
%
 
184.4

 
4.2
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Supplier financing and commercial card programs
95.5

 
N/A

 
106.0

 
N/A

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
International and other debt
73.7

 
8.0
%
 
73.6

 
7.3
%
Total debt
5,767.2

 
3.3
%
 
5,789.2

 
3.3
%
Less current portion of debt
283.4

 
 
 
292.9

 
 
Long-term debt due after one year
$
5,483.8

 
 
 
$
5,496.3

 
 

A portion of the debt classified as long-term, principally our Credit Facility and Receivables Facility, may be paid down earlier than scheduled at our discretion without penalty. Certain restrictive covenants govern our maximum availability under our credit facilities. We test and report our compliance with these covenants as required and were in compliance with all of our covenants at December 31, 2016. The carrying value of our debt includes the fair value step-up of debt acquired in mergers and acquisitions.

23


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


Total debt at December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016 includes unamortized fair market value step-up of $305.9 million and $316.3 million, respectively.

At December 31, 2016, we had $114.1 million of outstanding letters of credit not drawn upon. At December 31, 2016, we had approximately $2.5 billion of availability under our committed credit facilities and approximately $0.2 billion available under our uncommitted credit facilities. This liquidity may be used to provide for ongoing working capital needs and for other general corporate purposes, including acquisitions, dividends and stock repurchases. The estimated fair value of our debt was approximately $5.9 billion and $6.0 billion as of December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, respectively. The fair value of our long-term debt is primarily either based on quoted prices for those or similar instruments, or approximate the carrying amount as the variable interest rates reprice frequently at observable current market rates, and are categorized as level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.

Term Loans and Revolving Credit Facilities

In connection with the Combination, on July 1, 2015, WestRock entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) that provides for a 5-year senior unsecured term loan in an aggregate principal amount of $2.3 billion and a 5-year senior unsecured revolving credit facility in an aggregate committed principal amount of $2.0 billion (together the “Credit Facility”). On July 1, 2015, we drew $1.2 billion of the $2.3 billion unsecured term loan and $1.1 billion was available to be drawn on a delayed draw basis not later than April 1, 2016 in up to two separate draws. On March 24, 2016, we drew $600.0 million of the then available $1.1 billion delayed draw term loan facility for general corporate purposes and the balance of the delayed draw term loan facility was terminated. On June 22, 2016, we pre-paid $200.0 million of amortization payments through the second quarter of fiscal 2018. 

On July 1, 2016, we executed an option to extend the term of the 5-year senior unsecured revolving credit facility for one year beyond the original 5-year term. Approximately $1.82 billion of the original $2.0 billion aggregate committed principal amount has been extended to July 1, 2021, and the remainder will continue to mature on July 1, 2020. Up to $150 million under the revolving credit facility may be used for the issuance of letters of credit. In addition, up to $400 million of the revolving credit facility may be used to fund borrowings in non-U.S. dollar currencies, including Canadian dollars, Euro and Pound Sterling. Additionally, we may request up to $200 million of the revolving credit facility to be allocated to a Mexican peso revolving credit facility.

On July 1, 2015, three WestRock wholly-owned subsidiaries, RockTenn CP, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, Rock-Tenn Converting Company, a Georgia corporation, and MeadWestvaco Virginia Corporation, a Delaware corporation, as borrowers, entered into a credit agreement (the “Farm Loan Credit Agreement”) with CoBank ACB, as administrative agent. The Farm Loan Credit Agreement provides for a 7-year senior unsecured term loan in an aggregate principal amount of $600 million (the “Farm Credit Facility”). The Farm Credit Facility is guaranteed by WestRock, RockTenn and MWV. At December 31, 2016, there was $600.0 million outstanding under this facility.

On December 1, 2015, we entered into a $200 million uncommitted and revolving line of credit with Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation. The facility matured on December 1, 2016. On February 11, 2016, we entered into a $100 million uncommitted and revolving line of credit with the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, LTD. The facility matures on February 9, 2017. At December 31, 2016, we had no amounts outstanding under this facility. On March 4, 2016, we entered into a $100 million uncommitted and revolving line of credit with Cooperatieve Rabobank U.A., New York Branch. The facility matures on March 2, 2017. At December 31, 2016, we had no amounts outstanding under this facility.
 
Receivables-Backed Financing Facility

We have a $700.0 million Receivables Facility and on July 22, 2016, we executed an agreement to extend the maturity of this facility from October 24, 2017 to July 22, 2019. At December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016, maximum available borrowings, excluding amounts outstanding under the Receivables Facility, were approximately $544 million and $584 million, respectively. The carrying amount of accounts receivable collateralizing the maximum available borrowings at December 31, 2016 was approximately $852 million. We have continuing involvement with the underlying receivables as we provide credit and collections services pursuant to the Receivables Facility agreement. At December 31, 2016, we had no amounts outstanding under this facility.

Note 12.
Fair Value

Assets and Liabilities Measured or Disclosed at Fair Value

We estimate fair values in accordance with ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurement”. ASC 820 provides a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures required about fair value measurements. Specifically, ASC 820 sets forth a definition of fair value and a hierarchy prioritizing the inputs to valuation techniques. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received

24


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


from the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Additionally, ASC 820 defines levels within the hierarchy based on the availability of quoted prices for identical items in active markets, similar items in active or inactive markets and valuation techniques using observable and unobservable inputs. We incorporate credit valuation adjustments to reflect both our own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in our fair value measurements.

We disclose the fair value of our long-term debt in “Note 11. Debt” and the fair value of our pension and postretirement assets and liabilities in “Note 14. Retirement Plans” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements section of the Fiscal 2016 Form 10-K. We have, or from time to time may have, various assets or liabilities whose fair value are not significant, such as supplemental retirement savings plans that are nonqualified deferred compensation plans pursuant to which assets are invested primarily in mutual funds, interest rate derivatives, commodity derivatives or other similar classes of assets or liabilities.

Accounts Receivable Sales Agreement        

In fiscal 2014, we entered into an agreement (the “A/R Sales Agreement”) to sell to a third party financial institution all of the short term receivables generated from certain customer trade accounts, on a revolving basis, until the agreement is terminated by either party. Transfers under this agreement meet the requirements to be accounted for as sales in accordance with the “Transfers and Servicing” guidance in ASC 860. Subsequently, on February 27, 2015, the A/R Sales Agreement was amended to increase the maximum amount of receivables to $300.0 million. On June 27, 2016, the A/R Sales Agreement was amended to increase the maximum amount of receivables to $400.0 million.

The following table represents a summary of the activity under the A/R Sales Agreement for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in millions):

 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Receivable from financial institution at beginning of fiscal year
$
13.8

 
$
5.8

Receivables sold to the financial institution and derecognized
381.5

 
337.0

Receivables collected by financial institution
(342.3
)
 
(332.7
)
Cash proceeds from financial institution
(42.6
)
 
(4.2
)
Receivable from financial institution at December 31,
$
10.4

 
$
5.9


Cash proceeds related to receivables sold are included in cash from operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows in the accounts receivable line item. The loss on sale is not material as it is currently less than $5 million per fiscal year, and is recorded in interest income and other income (expense), net. Although the sales are made without recourse, we maintain continuing involvement with the sold receivables as we provide collections services related to the transferred assets. The associated servicing liability is not material given the high quality of the customers underlying the receivables and the anticipated short collection period.

Financial Instruments Not Recognized at Fair Value

Financial instruments not recognized at fair value on a recurring or nonrecurring basis include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, certain other current assets, short-term debt, accounts payable, certain other current liabilities, and long-term debt. With the exception of long-term debt, the carrying amounts of these financial instruments approximate their fair values due to their short maturities.


25


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


Fair Value of Nonfinancial Assets and Nonfinancial Liabilities

We measure certain nonfinancial assets and liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. These assets and liabilities include cost and equity method investments when they are deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired, assets acquired and liabilities assumed in an acquisition or in a nonmonetary exchange, and property, plant and equipment and intangible assets that are written down to fair value when they are held for sale or determined to be impaired. During the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we did not have any significant nonfinancial assets or nonfinancial liabilities that were measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis in periods subsequent to initial recognition other than the goodwill impairment of our former Specialty Chemicals reporting unit in the three months ended December 31, 2015, as discussed in “Note 6. Discontinued Operations”, respectively.

Note 13.
Retirement Plans

We have defined benefit pension plans and other postretirement plans for certain U.S. and non-U.S. employees. Certain plans were frozen for salaried and non-union hourly employees at various times in the past, although some employees meeting certain criteria are still accruing benefits. In addition, under several labor contracts, we make payments, based on hours worked, into MEPP trusts established for the benefit of certain collective bargaining employees in facilities both inside and outside the U.S. We also have supplemental executive retirement plans and other non-qualified defined benefit pension plans that provide unfunded supplemental retirement benefits to certain of our current and former executives. The supplemental executive retirement plans provide for incremental pension benefits in excess of those offered in our principal pension plan. The other postretirement benefit plans provide certain health care and life insurance benefits for certain salaried and hourly employees who meet specified age and service requirements as defined by the plans. For more information regarding our retirement plans, see “Note 14. Retirement Plans” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements section of the Fiscal 2016 Form 10-K.

The following table represents a summary of the components of net pension (benefit) cost (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Service cost
$
12.0

 
$
21.9

Interest cost
48.5

 
77.4

Expected return on plan assets
(79.5
)
 
(103.1
)
Amortization of net actuarial loss
7.2

 
2.7

Amortization of prior service cost
1.0

 
1.0

Company defined benefit plan benefit
(10.8
)
 
(0.1
)
Multiemployer and other plans
1.0

 
1.4

Net pension (benefit) cost
$
(9.8
)
 
$
1.3


During the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 we made contributions of $7.0 million and $9.7 million, respectively, to our qualified and supplemental defined benefit pension plans. In December 2016, we partially settled obligations of two of our U.S. defined benefit plans through lump sum payments to certain eligible former employees who were not currently receiving a monthly benefit. Eligible former employees whose present value of future pension benefits exceeded a certain minimum threshold had the option to either voluntarily accept lump sum payments or to not accept the offer and continue to be entitled to their monthly benefit upon retirement. Lump sum payments of $192.2 million were made out of existing plan assets for the two plans, and the funded status of the two plans was materially unchanged as a result of the transaction. No gain or loss was recorded in either plan as total lump sum payments were below the threshold for settlement accounting for each plan.


26


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


The postretirement benefit plans provide certain health care and life insurance benefits for certain salaried and hourly employees who meet specified age and service requirements as defined by the plans. The following table represents a summary of the components of the postretirement benefits costs (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Service cost
$
0.6

 
$
0.6

Interest cost
1.8

 
2.1

Amortization of net actuarial gain
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
Amortization of prior service credit
(0.6
)
 
(0.5
)
Postretirement plan cost
$
1.5

 
$
1.9


During the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we funded an aggregate of $0.7 million and $4.3 million, respectively, to our postretirement benefit plans.

Note 14.
 Commitments and Contingencies
                    
Environmental and Other Matters

Environmental compliance requirements are a significant factor affecting our business. We employ manufacturing processes which result in various discharges, emissions and wastes. These processes are subject to numerous federal, state, local and international environmental laws and regulations, as well as the requirements of environmental permits and similar authorizations issued by various governmental authorities.

On January 31, 2013, the EPA published a set of four interrelated final rules establishing national air emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants from industrial, commercial and institutional boilers and process heaters, commonly known as “Boiler MACT.” Boiler MACT required compliance by January 31, 2016 or January 31, 2017 for mills for which we obtained a compliance extension. All work required for our boilers to comply with the rule has been completed. On July 29, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued a ruling on the consolidated cases challenging Boiler MACT. The court vacated key portions of the rule, including emission limits for certain subcategories of solid fuel boilers, and remanded other issues to the EPA for further rulemaking. At this time, we cannot predict with certainty how the recent decision will impact our existing Boiler MACT strategies or whether we will incur additional costs to comply with any revised Boiler MACT standards.

In addition to Boiler MACT, we are subject to a number of other federal, state, local and international environmental rules that may impact our business, including the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, fine particulate matter and ozone for facilities in the U.S.

We are involved in various administrative proceedings relating to environmental matters that arise in the normal course of business, and may be involved in future matters. Although the ultimate outcome of such matters cannot be predicted with certainty and we cannot at this time estimate any reasonably possible losses based on available information, management does not believe that the currently expected outcome of any environmental proceedings and claims that are pending or threatened against us will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

CERCLA and Other Remediation Costs

We face potential liability under federal, state, local and international laws as a result of releases, or threatened releases, of hazardous substances into the environment from various sites owned and operated by third parties at which Company-generated wastes have allegedly been deposited. Generators of hazardous substances sent to off-site disposal locations at which environmental problems exist, as well as the owners of those sites and certain other classes of persons, are liable for response costs for the investigation and remediation of such sites under CERCLA and analogous laws. While joint and several liability is authorized under CERCLA, liability is typically shared with other PRPs and costs are commonly allocated according to relative amounts of waste deposited and other factors.

In addition, certain of our current or former locations are being investigated or remediated under various environmental laws and regulations. Based on information known to us and assumptions, we do not believe that the costs of these projects will have

27


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. However, the discovery of contamination or the imposition of additional obligations at these or other sites in the future could result in additional costs.

On January 26, 2009, Smurfit-Stone and certain of its subsidiaries filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. Smurfit-Stone’s Canadian subsidiaries also filed to reorganize in Canada. We believe that matters relating to previously identified third party PRP sites and certain facilities formerly owned or operated by Smurfit-Stone have been or will be satisfied claims in the Smurfit-Stone bankruptcy proceedings. However, we may face additional liability for cleanup activity at sites that are not subject to the bankruptcy discharge, but are not currently identified. Some of these liabilities may be satisfied from existing bankruptcy reserves.

We believe that we can assert claims for indemnification pursuant to existing rights we have under purchase and other agreements in connection with certain of our existing remediation sites. In addition, we believe that we have insurance coverage, subject to applicable deductibles/retentions, policy limits and other conditions, for certain environmental matters. However, there can be no assurance that we will be successful with respect to any claim regarding these insurance or indemnification rights or that, if we are successful, any amounts paid pursuant to the insurance or indemnification rights will be sufficient to cover all our costs and expenses. We also cannot predict with certainty whether we will be required to perform remediation projects at other locations, and it is possible that our remediation requirements and costs could increase materially in the future and exceed current reserves. In addition, we cannot currently assess with certainty the impact that future changes in cleanup standards or federal, state or other environmental laws, regulations or enforcement practices will have on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

As of December 31, 2016, we had $17.3 million reserved for environmental liabilities on an undiscounted basis, of which $9.1 million is included in other long-term liabilities and $8.2 million in other current liabilities, including amounts accrued in connection with environmental obligations relating to the manufacturing facilities that we have closed. We believe the liability for these matters was adequately reserved at December 31, 2016.

Climate Change

Certain jurisdictions in which we have manufacturing facilities or other investments have taken actions to address climate change. The EPA has issued the Clean Air Act permitting regulations applicable to certain facilities that emit GHG. The EPA also has promulgated a rule requiring certain industrial facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more of carbon dioxide equivalent per year to file an annual report of their emissions. While we have facilities subject to existing GHG permitting and reporting requirements, the impact of these requirements has not been material to date.

Additionally, the EPA has been working on a set of interrelated rulemakings aimed at cutting carbon emissions from power plants. On August 3, 2015, the EPA issued a final rule establishing GHG emission guidelines for existing electric utility generating units (known as the “Clean Power Plan”). On the same day, the EPA issued a second rule setting standards of performance for new, modified and reconstructed electric utility generating units. While these rules do not apply directly to the power generation facilities at our mills, they have the potential to increase the cost of purchased electricity for our manufacturing operations and change the treatment of certain types of biomass that are currently considered carbon neutral. On February 9, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a stay halting implementation of the Clean Power Plan until the pending legal challenges to the rule are resolved. A number of states subject to the Clean Power Plan have stopped working on their implementation strategies in light of this decision; however, certain states where we operate manufacturing facilities are continuing their efforts. We are carefully monitoring the state-level developments relating to this rule. Due to ongoing litigation and other uncertainties regarding these GHG regulations, including the potential impact of the new U.S. executive administration, the impact on us cannot be quantified with certainty at this time.

In addition to national efforts to regulate climate change, some U.S. states in which we have manufacturing operations are also taking measures to reduce GHG emissions, such as requiring GHG emissions reporting or developing regional cap-and trade programs. California has enacted a cap-and-trade program that took effect in 2012, and includes enforceable compliance obligations that began on January 1, 2013. We do not have any manufacturing facilities that are subject to the cap-and-trade requirements in California; however, we are continuing to monitor the implementation of this program as well as proposed mandatory GHG reduction efforts in other states. Also, the Washington Department of Ecology has issued a final rule, known as the Clean Air Rule, which limits GHGs from facilities that have average annual carbon dioxide equivalent emissions equal to or exceeding 100,000 metric tons/year and proposes to begin GHG emissions reduction requirements for some regulated entities in 2017. Energy intensive and trade exposed facilities and transportation fuel importers, including our Tacoma, WA mill, are subject to regulation under this program. In September 2016, various groups filed lawsuits against the Washington Department of Ecology challenging the Clean Air Rule. We are carefully monitoring this litigation to assess its potential impact on our Tacoma operations.


28


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


In April 2016, the U.S. and over 170 other countries signed the Paris Agreement, which establishes a framework for reducing global GHG emissions. By signing the Paris Agreement, the U.S. made a non-binding commitment to reduce economy-wide GHG emissions by 26% to 28% below 2005 levels by 2025. Other countries in which we conduct business, including China, European Union member states and India, have set similar GHG reduction targets. The Paris Agreement came into force on October 3, 2016. Although, the Paris Agreement does not contain legally binding emissions reduction requirements and it is unclear if the new U.S. executive administration will seek to implement it, legislation passed by ratifying governments to achieve their respective commitments may require industrial facilities, including our operations, to make process changes, incur capital expenditures and/or increase operating costs.

Several of our international facilities are located in countries that have already adopted GHG emissions trading schemes. For example, Quebec has become a member of the Western Climate Initiative, which is a collaboration among California and certain Canadian provinces that have joined together to create a cap-and-trade program to reduce GHG emissions. In 2009, Quebec adopted a target of reducing GHG emissions by 20% below 1990 levels by 2020 and 37.5% from 1990 levels by 2030. In 2011, Quebec issued a final regulation establishing a regional cap-and-trade program that required reductions in GHG emissions from covered emitters as of January 1, 2013. Our mill in Quebec is subject to these cap-and-trade requirements, although the direct impact of this regulation has not been material to date. Compliance with this program and other similar programs may require future expenditures to meet required GHG emission reduction requirements in future years.

The regulation of climate change continues to develop in the areas of the world where we conduct business. We have systems in place for tracking the GHG emissions from our energy-intensive facilities, and we carefully monitor developments in climate change laws, regulations and policies to assess the potential impact of such developments on our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and disclosure obligations.

Litigation

In 2010, Smurfit-Stone was one of nine U.S. and Canadian containerboard producers named as defendants in a lawsuit, in the U.S. District Court of the Northern District of Illinois, alleging that these producers violated the Sherman Act by conspiring to limit the supply and fix the prices of containerboard from February 15, 2004 through November 8, 2010 (the “Antitrust Litigation”). WestRock CP, LLC, formerly known as RockTenn CP, LLC, as the successor to Smurfit-Stone, is a defendant with respect to the period after Smurfit-Stone’s discharge from bankruptcy on June 30, 2010 through November 8, 2010. The complaint seeks treble damages and costs, including attorney’s fees. The U. S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit affirmed the District Court’s decision to grant class certification, and on December 30, 2016, several of the class defendants filed a petition for certiorari to the U.S. Supreme Court seeking to challenge the certification. Class defendants also filed on January 9, 2017 individual and joint Motions for Summary Judgment in the District Court. We believe the allegations are without merit and will defend this lawsuit vigorously. However, at this stage of the litigation, we are unable to predict the ultimate outcome or estimate a range of reasonably possible losses.

As with numerous other large industrial companies, we have been named a defendant in asbestos-related personal injury litigation. Typically, these suits also name many other corporate defendants. To date, the costs resulting from the litigation, including settlement costs, have not been significant. As of December 31, 2016, there were approximately 680 lawsuits. We believe that we have substantial insurance coverage, subject to applicable deductibles and policy limits, with respect to asbestos claims. We have valid defenses to these claims and intend to continue to defend them vigorously. Should the volume of litigation grow substantially, it is possible that we could incur significant costs resolving these cases. We believe that the resolution of pending litigation and proceedings is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial condition or liquidity. In any given period or periods, however, it is possible such proceedings or matters could have a material effect on our results of operations.

We are a defendant in a number of other lawsuits and claims arising out of the conduct of our business. While the ultimate results of such suits or other proceedings against us cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes the resolution of these other matters will not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.


29


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


Guarantees

We make certain guarantees in the course of conducting our operations, for compliance with certain laws and regulations, or in connection with certain business dispositions. The guarantees include items such as funding of net losses in proportion to our ownership share of certain joint ventures, debt guarantees related to certain unconsolidated entities acquired in acquisitions, indemnifications of lessors in certain facilities and equipment operating leases for items such as additional taxes being assessed due to a change in tax law, and, certain other agreements. We estimate the exposure for these matters could be up to $50 million. As of December 31, 2016, we have recorded $4.5 million for the estimated fair value of these guarantees. We are unable to estimate our maximum exposure under operating leases because it is dependent on potential changes in the tax law; however, we believe our exposure related to guarantees would not have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.

Note 15.
Segment Information

Subsequent to the Separation, we report our financial results of operations in the following three reportable segments: Corrugated Packaging, which consists of our containerboard mill and corrugated packaging operations, as well as our recycling operations; Consumer Packaging, which consists of consumer mills, folding carton, beverage, merchandising displays, home, health and beauty dispensing, and partition operations; and Land and Development, which develops and sells real estate primarily in the Charleston, SC region. Certain income and expenses are not allocated to our segments and, thus, the information that management uses to make operating decisions and assess performance does not reflect such amounts. Items not allocated are reported as non-allocated expenses or in other line items in the table below after segment income.

The following table shows selected operating data for our segments (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Net sales (aggregate):
 
 
 
Corrugated Packaging
$
1,943.6

 
$
1,964.3

Consumer Packaging
1,510.9

 
1,542.2

Land and Development
54.0

 
15.4

Total
$
3,508.5

 
$
3,521.9

Less net sales (intersegment):
 
 
 
Corrugated Packaging
$
36.7

 
$
34.3

Consumer Packaging
24.6

 
16.7

Total
$
61.3

 
$
51.0

Net sales (unaffiliated customers):
 
 
 
Corrugated Packaging
$
1,906.9

 
$
1,930.0

Consumer Packaging
1,486.3

 
1,525.5

Land and Development
54.0

 
15.4

Total
$
3,447.2

 
$
3,470.9

Segment income:
 
 
 
Corrugated Packaging
$
141.5

 
$
180.1

Consumer Packaging
87.6

 
91.2

Land and Development
1.7

 
0.7

Segment income
230.8

 
272.0

Restructuring and other costs, net
(81.0
)
 
(162.8
)
Non-allocated expenses
(14.7
)
 
(4.5
)
Interest expense
(65.1
)
 
(65.2
)
Interest income and other income (expense), net
12.1

 
15.8

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

$
82.1

 
$
55.3




30


Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) (Continued)


Note 16.
Subsequent Events

On January 23, 2017, we announced we had entered into a definitive purchase agreement with certain subsidiaries of Silgan under which Silgan will purchase our Home, Health and Beauty business for approximately $1.025 billion in cash plus the assumption of approximately $25 million in foreign pension liabilities. We expect to receive net after-tax proceeds from the divestiture of approximately $1 billion. We expect to close the transaction, subject to necessary regulatory approvals, in the second quarter of fiscal 2017.

On January 24, 2017, we announced a definitive agreement had been reached for us to acquire all of the outstanding shares of MPS for $18.00 per share in cash and the assumption of an estimated $873 million in net debt, for a total enterprise value of approximately $2.28 billion. MPS is a global provider of print-based specialty packaging solutions and its differentiated product offering includes premium folding cartons, inserts, labels and rigid packaging. We expect to refinance existing MPS debt assumed as part of the transaction upon closing. The transaction is expected to be financed through a combination of cash on hand and existing credit facilities. The transaction is subject to a vote by MPS’ shareholders and is expected to close in the third quarter of fiscal 2017, subject to the receipt of applicable regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions. The two largest shareholders of MPS, representing approximately 57% of its shares outstanding, have entered into voting agreements pursuant to which they have agreed to, subject to certain exceptions, vote all of their shares in favor of the transaction.

Item 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto and our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, as well as the information under the heading “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” that are part of our Fiscal 2016 Form 10-K. The table in “Note 15. Segment Information” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements shows certain operating data for our segments. The following discussion also includes certain non-GAAP measures. See our reconciliations of non-GAAP measures in the “Results of Operations (Consolidated)” and “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” sections below.

On May 15, 2016, we completed the Separation. Accordingly, we have presented the financial position and results of operations of our former Specialty Chemicals segment prior to the Separation as discontinued operations in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, as well as in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”. See “Note 6. Discontinued Operations” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information. Subsequent to the Separation, we report our financial results of operations in the following three reportable segments: Corrugated Packaging, Consumer Packaging and Land and Development. See “Note 15. Segment Information” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

Overview

Net sales of $3,447.2 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2017 decreased $23.7 million, or 0.7%, compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2016. The net sales decrease was primarily the result of lower Consumer Packaging and Corrugated Packaging net sales partially offset by increased Land and Development net sales. Segment income decreased $41.2 million, or 15.1%, to $230.8 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 compared to the prior year quarter, primarily as a result of synergy and performance improvements being more than offset by cost inflation, lower sales price/mix and sales volumes, the adverse impact of Hurricane Matthew and other items. We discuss these items in greater detail in our segment discussion below.

Income from continuing operations in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 was $78.5 million compared to $30.4 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2016. We recorded pre-tax restructuring and other costs, net, of $81.0 million and $162.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. Adjusted Income from Continuing Operations in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 of $120.9 million decreased $28.7 million compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2016.


31


Set forth below is a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure Adjusted Earnings from Continuing Operations Per Diluted Share to Earnings from continuing operations per diluted share, the most directly comparable GAAP measure for the periods indicated. The reconciliation is followed by a discussion of the adjustments. See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for more information on why our management believes that presentation of this non-GAAP financial measure provides useful information to investors regarding our financial condition and results of operations as well as the additional purposes for which our management uses this non-GAAP financial measure.

 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Earnings from continuing operations per diluted share
$
0.32

 
$
0.12

Restructuring and other items
0.24

 
0.44

One-time state tax benefit
(0.09
)
 

Inventory stepped-up in purchase accounting, net of LIFO

 
0.01

Adjusted Earnings from Continuing Operations Per Diluted Share
$
0.47

 
$
0.57


In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, our restructuring and other items included $50.8 million of pre-tax facility closure costs, primarily related to costs associated with a folding carton facility and beverage operations and costs at other previously closed facilities, including a $17.6 million impairment of a customer relationship intangible; $21.9 million of pre-tax integration expenses primarily including severance and other costs associated with the Combination; $5.8 million of divestiture expense primarily associated with our home, health and beauty business; $1.6 million of acquisition costs and $0.9 million of pre-tax severance expenses and other employee costs related to personnel reductions in the Land and Development segment; and $6.7 million, primarily of operating losses and transition costs associated with operations in the process of being closed. In addition, the first quarter of fiscal 2017 included a $23.8 million tax benefit related to the reduction of a state deferred tax liability as a result of an internal U.S. legal entity restructuring.

In the first quarter of fiscal 2016, our restructuring and other items included $137.8 million of pre-tax facility closure costs, which primarily related to the previously announced permanent closure of the Coshocton, OH medium mill and the permanent closure of the Newberg, OR mill; $21.5 million of pre-tax integration expenses primarily including severance and other costs associated with the Combination; $12.2 million of operating losses and transition costs primarily associated with operations in the process of being closed; and $3.5 million of acquisition expenses. Additionally, we incurred $2.8 million of expense for inventory stepped-up in purchase accounting, net of related LIFO impact.

We discuss these charges in more detail in “Note 7. Restructuring and Other Costs, Net” of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


32


Results of Operations (Consolidated)

The following table summarizes our consolidated results for the three months ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in millions):

 
Three Months Ended
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Net sales
$
3,447.2

 
$
3,470.9

Cost of goods sold
2,855.9

 
2,816.2

Gross profit
591.3

 
654.7

Selling, general and administrative expenses, excluding intangible amortization
336.3

 
335.9

Selling, general and administrative intangible amortization
52.6

 
52.6

Restructuring and other costs, net
81.0

 
162.8

Operating profit
121.4

 
103.4

Interest expense
(65.1
)
 
(65.2
)
Interest income and other income (expense), net
12.1

 
15.8

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities
13.7

 
1.3

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
82.1

 
55.3

Income tax expense
(3.6
)
 
(24.9
)
Income from continuing operations
78.5

 
30.4

Loss from discontinued operations (net of income tax expense of $0 and $1.3)

 
(482.1
)
Consolidated net income (loss)
78.5

 
(451.7
)
Less: Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
2.4

 
(1.8
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$
80.9

 
$
(453.5
)