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EX-12.1 - EXHIBIT 12.1 - CHEVRON CORPcvx09302016ex121ratios.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - CHEVRON CORPcvx09302016ex322cfo-sox906.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - CHEVRON CORPcvx09302016ex321ceo-sox906.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - CHEVRON CORPcvx09302016ex312cfo-sox302.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - CHEVRON CORPcvx09302016ex311ceo-sox302.htm



 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
 
þ    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
or
o    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission file number 001-00368
Chevron Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
94-0890210
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
6001 Bollinger Canyon Road,
San Ramon, California
 
94583-2324
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (925) 842-1000
NONE
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ        No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ        No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  o       No  þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
Class
 
Outstanding as of September 30, 2016
Common stock, $.75 par value
 
1,887,769,320
 



INDEX
 
 
 
Page No.
 
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Income for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016, and 2015
 
Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016, and 2015
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015
 
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016, and 2015
 
7-23
Item 2.
24-35
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Other Information
Item 6.
38
Exhibits:
Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges
40
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certifications
41-42
Rule 13a-14(b)/15d-14(b) Certifications
43-44

1


CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS RELEVANT TO FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
FOR THE PURPOSE OF “SAFE HARBOR” PROVISIONS OF THE
PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Chevron Corporation contains forward-looking statements relating to Chevron’s operations that are based on management’s current expectations, estimates and projections about the petroleum, chemicals and other energy-related industries. Words or phrases such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “targets,” “forecasts,” “projects,” “believes,” “seeks,” “schedules,” “estimates,” “positions,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “budgets,” “outlook,” “on schedule,” “on track,” “goals,” “objectives” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond the company’s control and are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. The reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. Unless legally required, Chevron undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Among the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are: changing crude oil and natural gas prices; changing refining, marketing and chemicals margins; the company's ability to realize anticipated cost savings and expenditure reductions; actions of competitors or regulators; timing of exploration expenses; timing of crude oil liftings; the competitiveness of alternate-energy sources or product substitutes; technological developments; the results of operations and financial condition of the company's suppliers, vendors, partners and equity affiliates, particularly during extended periods of low prices for crude oil and natural gas; the inability or failure of the company’s joint-venture partners to fund their share of operations and development activities; the potential failure to achieve expected net production from existing and future crude oil and natural gas development projects; potential delays in the development, construction or start-up of planned projects; the potential disruption or interruption of the company’s operations due to war, accidents, political events, civil unrest, severe weather, cyber threats and terrorist acts, crude oil production quotas or other actions that might be imposed by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or other natural or human causes beyond its control; changing economic, regulatory and political environments in the various countries in which the company operates; general domestic and international economic and political conditions; the potential liability for remedial actions or assessments under existing or future environmental regulations and litigation; significant operational, investment or product changes required by existing or future environmental statutes and regulations, including international agreements and national or regional legislation and regulatory measures to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions; the potential liability resulting from other pending or future litigation; the company’s future acquisition or disposition of assets and gains and losses from asset dispositions or impairments; government-mandated sales, divestitures, recapitalizations, industry-specific taxes, changes in fiscal terms or restrictions on scope of company operations; foreign currency movements compared with the U.S. dollar; material reductions in corporate liquidity and access to debt markets; the effects of changed accounting rules under generally accepted accounting principles promulgated by rule-setting bodies; the company's ability to identify and mitigate the risks and hazards inherent in operating in the global energy industry; and the factors set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” on pages 21 through 23 of the company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Other unpredictable or unknown factors not discussed in this report could also have material adverse effects on forward-looking statements.


2


PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Consolidated Financial Statements
CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars, except per-share amounts)
Revenues and Other Income
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and other operating revenues*
$
29,159

 
$
32,767

 
$
80,073

 
$
101,911

Income from equity affiliates
555

 
1,195

 
1,883

 
3,765

Other income
426

 
353

 
1,019

 
3,554

Total Revenues and Other Income
30,140

 
34,315

 
82,975

 
109,230

Costs and Other Deductions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchased crude oil and products
15,842

 
17,447

 
42,345

 
55,181

Operating expenses
4,666

 
5,592

 
15,124

 
17,064

Selling, general and administrative expenses
1,109

 
1,026

 
3,140

 
3,140

Exploration expenses
258

 
315

 
842

 
1,982

Depreciation, depletion and amortization
4,130

 
4,268

 
15,254

 
15,637

Taxes other than on income*
2,962

 
2,883

 
8,799

 
9,174

Interest and debt expense
64

 

 
143

 

Total Costs and Other Deductions
29,031

 
31,531

 
85,647

 
102,178

Income (Loss) Before Income Tax Expense
1,109

 
2,784

 
(2,672
)
 
7,052

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
(192
)
 
727

 
(1,803
)
 
1,787

Net Income (Loss)
1,301

 
2,057

 
(869
)
 
5,265

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
18

 
20

 
43

 
90

Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
1,283

 
$
2,037

 
$
(912
)
 
$
5,175

Per Share of Common Stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
— Basic
$
0.68

 
$
1.09

 
$
(0.49
)
 
$
2.77

— Diluted
$
0.68

 
$
1.09

 
$
(0.49
)
 
$
2.76

Dividends
$
1.07

 
$
1.07

 
$
3.21

 
$
3.21

Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding (000s)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
— Basic
1,873,649

 
1,868,444

 
1,871,813

 
1,867,560

— Diluted
1,883,342

 
1,872,420

 
1,871,813

 
1,875,193

____________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Includes excise, value-added and similar taxes:
$
1,772

 
$
1,800

 
$
5,208

 
$
5,642







See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Net Income (Loss)
$
1,301

 
$
2,057

 
$
(869
)
 
$
5,265

Currency translation adjustment
7

 
(16
)
 
9

 
(35
)
Unrealized holding gain on securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net gain (loss) arising during period
21

 
(18
)
 
31

 
(24
)
Defined benefit plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Actuarial gain (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization to net income of net actuarial and settlement losses
265

 
204

 
644

 
548

Actuarial loss arising during period
(9
)
 

 
(23
)
 

Prior service cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization to net income of net prior service costs
2

 
5

 
15

 
19

Defined benefit plans sponsored by equity affiliates
5

 
7

 
19

 
34

Income tax expense on defined benefit plans
(102
)
 
(80
)
 
(247
)
 
(232
)
Total
161

 
136

 
408

 
369

Other Comprehensive Gain, Net of Tax
189

 
102

 
448

 
310

Comprehensive Income (Loss)
1,490

 
2,159

 
(421
)
 
5,575

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(18
)
 
(20
)
 
(43
)
 
(90
)
Comprehensive Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
1,472

 
$
2,139

 
$
(464
)
 
$
5,485









See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
(Unaudited)
 
At September 30
2016
 
At December 31
2015
 
(Millions of dollars, except per-share amounts)
ASSETS
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
7,351

 
$
11,022

Marketable securities
321

 
310

Accounts and notes receivable, net
12,522

 
12,860

Inventories
 
 
 
Crude oil and petroleum products
3,231

 
3,535

Chemicals
440

 
490

Materials, supplies and other
2,305

 
2,309

Total inventories
5,976

 
6,334

Prepaid expenses and other current assets 1
2,703

 
3,904

Total Current Assets
28,873

 
34,430

Long-term receivables, net
2,444

 
2,412

Investments and advances
30,002

 
27,110

Properties, plant and equipment, at cost
341,066

 
340,277

Less: Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization
157,627

 
151,881

Properties, plant and equipment, net
183,439

 
188,396

Deferred charges and other assets 1, 2
6,631

 
6,155

Goodwill
4,581

 
4,588

Assets held for sale
3,893

 
1,449

Total Assets
$
259,863

 
$
264,540

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
Short-term debt 2
$
6,057

 
$
4,927

Accounts payable
12,205

 
13,516

Accrued liabilities
4,441

 
4,833

Federal and other taxes on income 1
1,000

 
1,073

Other taxes payable
1,041

 
1,118

Total Current Liabilities
24,744

 
25,467

Long-term debt 2
39,462

 
33,542

Capital lease obligations
66

 
80

Deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations
22,288

 
23,465

Noncurrent deferred income taxes 1
17,817

 
20,165

Noncurrent employee benefit plans
7,534

 
7,935

Total Liabilities
111,911

 
110,654

Preferred stock (authorized 100,000,000 shares, $1.00 par value, none issued)

 

Common stock (authorized 6,000,000,000 shares; $0.75 par value;
2,442,676,580 shares issued at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015)
1,832

 
1,832

Capital in excess of par value
16,512

 
16,330

Retained earnings
174,657

 
181,578

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(3,843
)
 
(4,291
)
Deferred compensation and benefit plan trust
(240
)
 
(240
)
Treasury stock, at cost (554,907,260 and 559,862,580 shares at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively)
(42,118
)
 
(42,493
)
Total Chevron Corporation Stockholders’ Equity
146,800

 
152,716

Noncontrolling interests
1,152

 
1,170

Total Equity
147,952

 
153,886

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
259,863

 
$
264,540

____________________
 
 
 
1 2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-17. Refer to Note 10, "Income Taxes" beginning on page 14.
2 2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-03. Refer to Note 5, "New Accounting Standards" on page 10.
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5


CHEVRON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)
$
(869
)
 
$
5,265

Adjustments
 
 
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
15,254

 
15,637

Dry hole expense
472

 
1,265

Distributions less than income from equity affiliates
(708
)
 
(576
)
Net before-tax gains on asset retirements and sales
(872
)
 
(3,104
)
Net foreign currency effects
321

 
(34
)
Deferred income tax provision
(3,139
)
 
(478
)
Net increase in operating working capital
(1,266
)
 
(2,321
)
Increase in long-term receivables
(81
)
 
(92
)
Net decrease in other deferred charges
30

 
92

Cash contributions to employee pension plans
(697
)
 
(719
)
Other
538

 
(36
)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
8,983

 
14,899

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(14,100
)
 
(22,055
)
Proceeds and deposits related to asset sales
2,209

 
5,408

Net maturities of time deposits

 
8

Net sales of marketable securities
2

 
122

Net borrowing of loans by equity affiliates
(2,195
)
 
(147
)
Net sales of other short-term investments
155

 
64

Net Cash Used for Investing Activities
(13,929
)
 
(16,600
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Net borrowings of short-term obligations
869

 
2,049

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
6,924

 
5,989

Repayments of long-term debt and other financing obligations
(812
)
 
(22
)
Cash dividends — common stock
(6,007
)
 
(5,993
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(57
)
 
(122
)
Net sales of treasury shares
359

 
158

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
1,276

 
2,059

Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents
(1
)
 
(210
)
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents
(3,671
)
 
148

Cash and Cash Equivalents at January 1
11,022

 
12,785

Cash and Cash Equivalents at September 30
$
7,351

 
$
12,933







See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Note 1. Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying consolidated financial statements of Chevron Corporation and its subsidiaries (the company) have not been audited by an independent registered public accounting firm. In the opinion of the company’s management, the interim data includes all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. These adjustments were of a normal recurring nature. The results for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2016, are not necessarily indicative of future financial results. The term “earnings” is defined as net income (loss) attributable to Chevron Corporation.
Certain notes and other information have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Therefore, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Note 2. Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses
The change in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Losses (AOCL) presented on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and the impact of significant amounts reclassified from AOCL on information presented in the Consolidated Statement of Income for the nine months ending September 30, 2016, are reflected in the table below.
Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) by Component (1) 
(Millions of Dollars)
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
 
Currency Translation Adjustment
 
Unrealized Holding Gains (Losses) on Securities
 
Derivatives
 
Defined Benefit Plans
 
Total
 
 

Balance at January 1
 
$
(140
)
 
$
(29
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(4,120
)
 
$
(4,291
)
Components of Other Comprehensive Income (Loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Before Reclassifications
 
9

 
31

 

 

 
40

    Reclassifications (2)
 

 

 

 
408

 
408

Net Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
9

 
31

 

 
408

 
448

Balance at September 30
 
$
(131
)
 
$
2

 
$
(2
)
 
$
(3,712
)
 
$
(3,843
)
________________________________
(1) All amounts are net of tax.
(2) Refer to Note 9, Employee Benefits for reclassified components totaling $659 million that are included in employee benefit costs for the nine months ending September 30, 2016. Related income taxes for the same period, totaling $251 million, are reflected in Income Tax Expense on the Consolidated Statement of Income. All other reclassified amounts were insignificant.
 
Note 3. Noncontrolling Interests
Ownership interests in the company’s subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent are presented separately from the parent’s equity on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and the noncontrolling interests are both presented on the face of the Consolidated Statement of Income.
Activity for the equity attributable to noncontrolling interests for the first nine months of 2016 and 2015 is as follows:
 
2016
 
2015
 
Chevron
Corporation
Stockholders’ Equity
 
Non-controlling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
 
Chevron
Corporation
Stockholders’ Equity
 
Non-controlling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
 
(Millions of dollars)
Balance at January 1
$
152,716

 
$
1,170

 
$
153,886

 
$
155,028

 
$
1,163

 
$
156,191

Net income (loss)
(912
)
 
43

 
(869
)
 
5,175

 
90

 
5,265

Dividends
(6,009
)
 

 
(6,009
)
 
(5,995
)
 

 
(5,995
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 
(57
)
 
(57
)
 

 
(122
)
 
(122
)
Treasury shares, net
375

 

 
375

 
181

 

 
181

Other changes, net*
630

 
(4
)
 
626

 
523

 
(105
)
 
418

Balance at September 30
$
146,800

 
$
1,152

 
$
147,952

 
$
154,912

 
$
1,026

 
$
155,938

 _______________________________
* Includes components of comprehensive income, which are disclosed separately in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income.

7

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Note 4. Information Relating to the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows

The “Net increase in operating working capital” was composed of the following operating changes:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
(Increase) decrease in accounts and notes receivable
$
(455
)
 
$
2,337

Decrease (increase) in inventories
232

 
(445
)
Decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets
844

 
167

Decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(1,783
)
 
(3,769
)
Decrease in income and other taxes payable
(104
)
 
(611
)
Net increase in operating working capital
$
(1,266
)
 
$
(2,321
)
The “Net increase in operating working capital” includes reductions of $14 million in each period for excess income tax benefits associated with stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2016, and 2015. These amounts are offset by an equal amount in “Net sales of treasury shares.”
“Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities” included the following cash payments for interest on debt and for income taxes:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Interest on debt (net of capitalized interest)
$
28

 
$

Income taxes
1,492

 
4,081

"Depreciation, depletion and amortization" and "Deferred income tax provision" collectively include $2.8 billion in non-cash reductions to properties, plant and equipment relating to impairments and other non-cash charges due to reservoir performance and lower crude oil prices.
"Other" includes changes in postretirement benefits obligations and other long-term liabilities.
Information related to "Restricted Cash" is included on page 21 in Note 14 under the heading "Restricted Cash."
The “Net maturities of time deposits” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Maturities of time deposits

 
8

Net maturities of time deposits
$

 
$
8

The “Net sales of marketable securities” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Marketable securities purchased
$
(9
)
 
$
(6
)
Marketable securities sold
11

 
128

Net sales of marketable securities
$
2

 
$
122


8

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


The “Net borrowing of loans by equity affiliates” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Borrowing of loans by equity affiliates
$
(2,271
)
 
$
(149
)
Repayment of loans by equity affiliates
76

 
2

Net borrowing of loans by equity affiliates
$
(2,195
)
 
$
(147
)
A loan to Tengizchevroil LLP for the development of the Future Growth and Wellhead Pressure Management Project represents the majority of "Net borrowing of loans by equity affiliates."
The “Net sales of other short-term investments” consisted of the following gross amounts:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Purchases of other short-term investments
$

 
$
(55
)
Sales of other short-term investments
155

 
119

Net sales of other short-term investments
$
155

 
$
64

The “Net borrowings of short-term obligations" consisted of the following gross and net amounts:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Repayments of short-term obligations
$
(8,415
)
 
$
(10,443
)
Proceeds from issuances of short-term obligations
11,695

 
11,042

Net borrowings of short-term obligations with three months or less maturity
(2,411
)
 
1,450

Net borrowings of short-term obligations
$
869

 
$
2,049

The “Net sales of treasury shares” represents the cost of common shares acquired less the cost of shares issued for share-based compensation plans. Purchases totaled $2 million for the first nine months in 2016 and $1 million for the first nine months in 2015. No purchases were made under the company's share repurchase program in the first nine months of 2016 or 2015.
The major components of “Capital expenditures” and the reconciliation of this amount to the capital and exploratory expenditures, including equity affiliates, are as follows:
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Additions to properties, plant and equipment
$
13,757

 
$
21,273

Additions to investments
38

 
382

Current year dry hole expenditures
305

 
400

 Capital expenditures
14,100

 
22,055

Expensed exploration expenditures
370

 
717

Assets acquired through capital lease obligations
4

 
44

 Capital and exploratory expenditures, excluding equity affiliates
14,474

 
22,816

Company’s share of expenditures by equity affiliates
2,693

 
2,456

 Capital and exploratory expenditures, including equity affiliates
$
17,167

 
$
25,272



9

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Note 5. New Accounting Standards
Interest - Imputation of Interest (Topic 835): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. Effective January 1, 2016, Chevron adopted ASU 2015-03 on a retrospective basis. The standard requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized liability be presented on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. The effects of retrospective adoption on the December 31, 2015, Consolidated Balance Sheet were reductions of $43 million in "Deferred charges and other assets," $1 million in "Short-term debt" and $42 million in "Long-term debt".
Revenue Recognition (Topic 606): Revenue from Contracts with Customers. In July 2015, the FASB approved a one-year deferral of the effective date of ASU 2014-09, which becomes effective for the company January 1, 2018. The standard provides a single comprehensive revenue recognition model for contracts with customers, eliminates most industry-specific revenue recognition guidance, and expands disclosure requirements. "Sales and Other Operating Revenues” on the Consolidated Statement of Income includes excise, value-added and similar taxes on sales transactions. Upon adoption of the standard, revenue will exclude sales-based taxes collected on behalf of third parties, which will have no impact to earnings. The company continues to evaluate the effect of the standard on its consolidated financial statements.
Leases (Topic 842) In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 which becomes effective for the company January 1, 2019. The standard requires that lessees present right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet. The company is evaluating the effect of the standard on the company’s consolidated financial statements.

Note 6. Operating Segments and Geographic Data
Although each subsidiary of Chevron is responsible for its own affairs, Chevron Corporation manages its investments in these subsidiaries and their affiliates. The investments are grouped into two business segments, Upstream and Downstream, representing the company’s “reportable segments” and “operating segments.” Upstream operations consist primarily of exploring for, developing and producing crude oil and natural gas; liquefaction, transportation and regasification associated with liquefied natural gas (LNG); transporting crude oil by major international oil export pipelines; processing, transporting, storage and marketing of natural gas; and a gas-to-liquids plant. Downstream operations consist primarily of refining of crude oil into petroleum products; marketing of crude oil and refined products; transporting of crude oil and refined products by pipeline, marine vessel, motor equipment and rail car; and manufacturing and marketing of commodity petrochemicals, plastics for industrial uses, and fuel and lubricant additives. All Other activities of the company include worldwide cash management and debt financing activities, corporate administrative functions, insurance operations, real estate activities and technology companies.
The company’s segments are managed by “segment managers” who report to the “chief operating decision maker” (CODM). The segments represent components of the company that engage in activities (a) from which revenues are earned and expenses are incurred; (b) whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the CODM, which makes decisions about resources to be allocated to the segments and assesses their performance; and (c) for which discrete financial information is available.
The company’s primary country of operation is the United States of America, its country of domicile. Other components of the company’s operations are reported as “International” (outside the United States).

10

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Segment Earnings The company evaluates the performance of its operating segments on an after-tax basis, without considering the effects of debt financing interest expense or investment interest income, both of which are managed by the company on a worldwide basis. Corporate administrative costs and assets are not allocated to the operating segments. However, operating segments are billed for the direct use of corporate services. Nonbillable costs remain at the corporate level in “All Other.” Earnings by major operating area for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2016, and 2015, are presented in the following table:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Segment Earnings
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
(212
)
 
$
(603
)
 
$
(2,175
)
 
$
(2,101
)
International
666

 
662

 
(1,292
)
 
1,501

Total Upstream
454

 
59

 
(3,467
)
 
(600
)
Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
523

 
1,249

 
1,307

 
2,686

International
542

 
962

 
1,771

 
3,904

Total Downstream
1,065

 
2,211

 
3,078

 
6,590

Total Segment Earnings
1,519

 
2,270

 
(389
)
 
5,990

All Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(53
)
 

 
(120
)
 

Interest income
15

 
16

 
47

 
49

Other
(198
)
 
(249
)
 
(450
)
 
(864
)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation
$
1,283

 
$
2,037

 
$
(912
)
 
$
5,175

Segment Assets Segment assets do not include intercompany investments or intercompany receivables. “All Other” assets consist primarily of worldwide cash, cash equivalents, time deposits and marketable securities; real estate; information systems; technology companies; and assets of the corporate administrative functions. Segment assets at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, are as follows: 
Segment Assets
At September 30
2016
 
At December 31
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
United States 1
$
42,914

 
$
46,383

International 1
163,681

 
162,030

Goodwill
4,581

 
4,588

Total Upstream
211,176

 
213,001

Downstream
 
 
 
United States 1
21,416

 
21,404

International
15,887

 
14,982

Total Downstream
37,303

 
36,386

Total Segment Assets
248,479

 
249,387

All Other
 
 
 
United States 1,2
5,125

 
4,728

International
6,259

 
10,425

Total All Other
11,384

 
15,153

Total Assets — United States
69,455

 
72,515

Total Assets — International
185,827

 
187,437

Goodwill
4,581

 
4,588

Total Assets
$
259,863

 
$
264,540

____________________
 
 
 
1 2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-17. Refer to Note 10, "Income Taxes" beginning on page 14.
2 2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-03. Refer to Note 5, "New Accounting Standards" on page 10.

11

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Segment Sales and Other Operating Revenues Segment sales and other operating revenues, including internal transfers, for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2016, and 2015, are presented in the following table. Products are transferred between operating segments at internal product values that approximate market prices. Revenues for the upstream segment are derived primarily from the production and sale of crude oil and natural gas, as well as the sale of third-party production of natural gas. Revenues for the downstream segment are derived from the refining and marketing of petroleum products such as gasoline, jet fuel, gas oils, lubricants, residual fuel oils and other products derived from crude oil. This segment also generates revenues from the manufacture and sale of fuel and lubricant additives and the transportation and trading of refined products and crude oil. “All Other” activities include revenues from insurance operations, real estate activities and technology companies.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 Sales and Other Operating Revenues
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
2,847

 
$
3,207

 
$
7,386

 
$
10,089

International
5,927

 
6,540

 
16,325

 
21,163

Subtotal
8,774

 
9,747

 
23,711

 
31,252

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(1,979
)
 
(2,165
)
 
(5,120
)
 
(6,829
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(2,742
)
 
(2,774
)
 
(6,949
)
 
(9,047
)
Total Upstream
4,053

 
4,808

 
11,642

 
15,376

Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
11,958

 
13,795

 
32,841

 
41,336

International
13,415

 
14,484

 
36,262

 
46,326

Subtotal
25,373

 
28,279

 
69,103

 
87,662

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(4
)
 
(6
)
 
(12
)
 
(20
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(303
)
 
(360
)
 
(762
)
 
(1,222
)
Total Downstream
25,066

 
27,913

 
68,329

 
86,420

All Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
280

 
413

 
825

 
1,176

International
10

 
13

 
29

 
30

Subtotal
290

 
426

 
854

 
1,206

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(240
)
 
(368
)
 
(724
)
 
(1,065
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(10
)
 
(12
)
 
(28
)
 
(26
)
Total All Other
40

 
46

 
102

 
115

Sales and Other Operating Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
15,085

 
17,415

 
41,052

 
52,601

International
19,352

 
21,037

 
52,616

 
67,519

Subtotal
34,437

 
38,452

 
93,668

 
120,120

Intersegment Elimination — United States
(2,223
)
 
(2,539
)
 
(5,856
)
 
(7,914
)
Intersegment Elimination — International
(3,055
)
 
(3,146
)
 
(7,739
)
 
(10,295
)
Total Sales and Other Operating Revenues
$
29,159

 
$
32,767

 
$
80,073

 
$
101,911


Note 7. Summarized Financial Data — Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
Chevron U.S.A. Inc. (CUSA) is a major subsidiary of Chevron Corporation. CUSA and its subsidiaries manage and operate most of Chevron’s U.S. businesses. Assets include those related to the exploration and production of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids and those associated with refining, marketing, and supply and distribution of products derived from petroleum, excluding most of the regulated pipeline operations of Chevron. CUSA also holds the company’s investment in the Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC joint venture, which is accounted for using the equity method.



12

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


The summarized financial information for CUSA and its consolidated subsidiaries is as follows:

Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
   Sales and other operating revenues
$
60,882

 
$
77,434

   Costs and other deductions
63,596

 
78,116

   Net income (loss) attributable to CUSA
(917
)
 
424

 
At September 30
2016
 
At December 31
2015*
 
(Millions of dollars)
   Current assets
$
9,872

 
$
9,097

   Other assets
56,004

 
59,170

   Current liabilities
13,268

 
13,664

   Other liabilities
21,992

 
28,465

   Total CUSA net equity
$
30,616

 
$
26,138

   Memo: Total debt
$
9,457

 
$
14,462

____________________
 
 
 
*2015 adjusted to conform to ASU 2015-17.
 
 
 
Note 8. Summarized Financial Data — Tengizchevroil LLP
Chevron has a 50 percent equity ownership interest in Tengizchevroil LLP (TCO). Summarized financial information for 100 percent of TCO is presented in the following table:


Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
   Sales and other operating revenues
$
7,355

 
$
10,215

   Costs and other deductions
5,172

 
5,779

   Net income attributable to TCO
1,534

 
3,109

Note 9. Employee Benefits
Chevron has defined benefit pension plans for many employees. The company typically prefunds defined benefit plans as required by local regulations or in certain situations where prefunding provides economic advantages. In the United States, all qualified plans are subject to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act minimum funding standard. The company does not typically fund U.S. nonqualified pension plans that are not subject to funding requirements under laws and regulations because contributions to these pension plans may be less economic and investment returns may be less attractive than the company’s other investment alternatives.
The company also sponsors other postretirement employee benefit (OPEB) plans that provide medical and dental benefits, as well as life insurance for some active and qualifying retired employees. The plans are unfunded, and the company and the retirees share the costs. Medical coverage for Medicare-eligible retirees in the company’s main U.S. medical plan is secondary to Medicare (including Part D) and the increase to the company contribution for retiree medical coverage is limited to no more than 4 percent each year. Certain life insurance benefits are paid by the company.

13

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


The components of net periodic benefit costs for 2016 and 2015 are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Pension Benefits
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
123

 
$
135

 
$
370

 
$
404

Interest cost
95

 
125

 
283

 
376

Expected return on plan assets
(181
)
 
(195
)
 
(542
)
 
(587
)
Amortization of prior service credits
(2
)
 
(3
)
 
(6
)
 
(7
)
Amortization of actuarial losses
84

 
89

 
251

 
267

Settlement losses
162

 
87

 
324

 
195

Total United States
281

 
238

 
680

 
648

International
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
37

 
46

 
120

 
140

Interest cost
68

 
68

 
198

 
209

Expected return on plan assets
(61
)
 
(66
)
 
(184
)
 
(196
)
Amortization of prior service costs
1

 
5

 
11

 
16

Amortization of actuarial losses
14

 
19

 
37

 
60

Settlement losses
1

 

 
18

 

Total International
60

 
72

 
200

 
229

Net Periodic Pension Benefit Costs
$
341

 
$
310

 
$
880

 
$
877

Other Benefits*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
15

 
$
18

 
$
45

 
$
54

Interest cost
32

 
37

 
96

 
112

Amortization of prior service costs
3

 
3

 
10

 
10

Amortization of actuarial losses
5

 
9

 
15

 
26

Net Periodic Other Benefit Costs
$
55

 
$
67

 
$
166

 
$
202

___________________________________
* Includes costs for U.S. and international OPEB plans. Obligations for plans outside the United States are not significant relative to the company’s total OPEB obligation.
Through September 30, 2016, a total of $697 million was contributed to employee pension plans (including $388 million to the U.S. plans.) Total contributions for the full year are currently estimated to be $800 million ($400 million for the U.S. plans and $400 million for the international plans.) The company anticipates it will not make contributions to the primary U.S. pension plan for the remainder of 2016. Actual contribution amounts are dependent upon plan investment returns, changes in pension obligations, regulatory requirements and other economic factors. Additional funding may ultimately be required if investment returns are insufficient to offset increases in plan obligations.
During the first nine months of 2016, the company contributed $143 million to its OPEB plans. The company anticipates contributing approximately $48 million during the remainder of 2016.
Note 10. Income Taxes
Taxes on income for the third quarter and first nine months of 2016 benefited earnings by $0.2 billion and $1.8 billion, respectively, compared with charges of $0.7 billion and $1.8 billion, respectively for the corresponding periods in 2015. The associated effective tax rates (calculated as the amount of Income Tax Expense (Benefit) divided by Income (Loss) Before Income Tax Expense) for the third quarters of 2016 and 2015 were (17) percent and 26 percent, respectively. For the comparative nine-month periods the effective tax rates were 67 percent and 25 percent, respectively.
Excluding the effects of equity earnings, the effective tax rates for the 2016 and 2015 quarterly periods were (45) percent and 41 percent, respectively, a decrease of 86 percent between periods, and the tax rates for the respective nine-month periods were 44 percent and 46 percent, a decrease of 2 percent between periods. The decrease in the effective tax rate between the quarterly periods primarily resulted from a reduction in statutory tax rates in the United Kingdom in the 2016 quarter and the effects of other one-time tax benefits between quarters. The decrease in the effective tax rate for the nine-month comparative period primarily resulted from the effects between periods of valuation allowances recognized on deferred tax assets and jurisdictional mix, substantially offset by the

14

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


absence of the 2015 asset sale of the company's interest in Caltex Australia Limited, in addition to the effects of one-time tax benefits and foreign currency remeasurement between periods.
Tax positions for Chevron and its subsidiaries and affiliates are subject to income tax audits by many tax jurisdictions throughout the world. For the company’s major tax jurisdictions, examinations of tax returns for certain prior tax years had not been completed as of September 30, 2016. For these jurisdictions, the latest years for which income tax examinations had been finalized were as follows: United States — 2011, Nigeria — 2000, Angola — 2009 and Kazakhstan — 2007.
The company engages in ongoing discussions with tax authorities regarding the resolution of tax matters in the various jurisdictions. Both the outcomes for these tax matters and the timing of resolution and/or closure of the tax audits are highly uncertain. However, it is reasonably possible that developments regarding tax matters in certain tax jurisdictions may result in significant increases or decreases in the company’s total unrecognized tax benefits within the next 12 months. Given the number of years that still remain subject to examination and the number of matters being examined in the various tax jurisdictions, the company is unable to estimate the range of possible adjustments to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits.
Effective January 1, 2016, Chevron early-adopted Income Taxes (Topic 740), Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes (ASU 2015-17), on a retrospective basis. The standard provides that all deferred income taxes be classified as noncurrent on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The prior requirement was to classify most deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the classification of the underlying asset or liability. The effects of retrospective adoption on the December 31, 2015, Consolidated Balance Sheet were reductions of $917 million in "Prepaid expenses and other current assets," $603 million in "Deferred charges and other assets," $996 million in "Federal and other taxes on income," and $524 million in "Noncurrent deferred income taxes."
Note 11. Assets Held For Sale
At September 30, 2016, the company classified $3.89 billion of net properties, plant and equipment as “Assets held for sale” on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. These assets are associated with upstream and downstream operations that are anticipated to be sold in the next 12 months. The revenues and earnings contributions of these assets in 2015 and the first nine months of 2016 were not material.
Note 12. Litigation
MTBE Chevron and many other companies in the petroleum industry have used methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) as a gasoline additive. Chevron is a party to six pending lawsuits and claims, the majority of which involve numerous other petroleum marketers and refiners. Resolution of these lawsuits and claims may ultimately require the company to correct or ameliorate the alleged effects on the environment of prior release of MTBE by the company or other parties. Additional lawsuits and claims related to the use of MTBE, including personal-injury claims, may be filed in the future. The company’s ultimate exposure related to pending lawsuits and claims is not determinable. The company no longer uses MTBE in the manufacture of gasoline in the United States.
Ecuador
Background Chevron is a defendant in a civil lawsuit initiated in the Superior Court of Nueva Loja in Lago Agrio, Ecuador, in May 2003 by plaintiffs who claim to be representatives of certain residents of an area where an oil production consortium formerly had operations. The lawsuit alleges damage to the environment from the oil exploration and production operations and seeks unspecified damages to fund environmental remediation and restoration of the alleged environmental harm, plus a health monitoring program. Until 1992, Texaco Petroleum Company (Texpet), a subsidiary of Texaco Inc., was a minority member of this consortium with Petroecuador, the Ecuadorian state-owned oil company, as the majority partner; since 1990, the operations have been conducted solely by Petroecuador. At the conclusion of the consortium and following an independent third-party environmental audit of the concession area, Texpet entered into a formal agreement with the Republic of Ecuador and Petroecuador for Texpet to remediate specific sites assigned by the government in proportion to Texpet’s ownership share of the consortium. Pursuant to that agreement, Texpet conducted a three-year remediation program at a cost of $40 million. After certifying that the sites were properly remediated, the government granted Texpet and all related corporate entities a full release from any and all environmental liability arising from the consortium operations.
Based on the history described above, Chevron believes that this lawsuit lacks legal or factual merit. As to matters of law, the company believes first, that the court lacks jurisdiction over Chevron; second, that the law under which

15

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


plaintiffs bring the action, enacted in 1999, cannot be applied retroactively; third, that the claims are barred by the statute of limitations in Ecuador; and, fourth, that the lawsuit is also barred by the releases from liability previously given to Texpet by the Republic of Ecuador and Petroecuador and by the pertinent provincial and municipal governments. With regard to the facts, the company believes that the evidence confirms that Texpet’s remediation was properly conducted and that the remaining environmental damage reflects Petroecuador’s failure to timely fulfill its legal obligations and Petroecuador’s further conduct since assuming full control over the operations.
Lago Agrio Judgment In 2008, a mining engineer appointed by the court to identify and determine the cause of environmental damage, and to specify steps needed to remediate it, issued a report recommending that the court assess $18.9 billion, which would, according to the engineer, provide financial compensation for purported damages, including wrongful death claims, and pay for, among other items, environmental remediation, health care systems and additional infrastructure for Petroecuador. The engineer’s report also asserted that an additional$8.4 billion could be assessed against Chevron for unjust enrichment. In 2009, following the disclosure by Chevron of evidence that the judge participated in meetings in which businesspeople and individuals holding themselves out as government officials discussed the case and its likely outcome, the judge presiding over the case was recused. In 2010, Chevron moved to strike the mining engineer’s report and to dismiss the case based on evidence obtained through discovery in the United States indicating that the report was prepared by consultants for the plaintiffs before being presented as the mining engineer’s independent and impartial work and showing further evidence of misconduct. In August 2010, the judge issued an order stating that he was not bound by the mining engineer’s report and requiring the parties to provide their positions on damages within 45 days. Chevron subsequently petitioned for recusal of the judge, claiming that he had disregarded evidence of fraud and misconduct and that he had failed to rule on a number of motions within the statutory time requirement.
In September 2010, Chevron submitted its position on damages, asserting that no amount should be assessed against it. The plaintiffs’ submission, which relied in part on the mining engineer’s report, took the position that damages are between approximately $16 billion and $76 billion and that unjust enrichment should be assessed in an amount between approximately $5 billion and $38 billion. The next day, the judge issued an order closing the evidentiary phase of the case and notifying the parties that he had requested the case file so that he could prepare a judgment. Chevron petitioned to have that order declared a nullity in light of Chevron’s prior recusal petition, and because procedural and evidentiary matters remained unresolved. In October 2010, Chevron’s motion to recuse the judge was granted. A new judge took charge of the case and revoked the prior judge’s order closing the evidentiary phase of the case. On December 17, 2010, the judge issued an order closing the evidentiary phase of the case and notifying the parties that he had requested the case file so that he could prepare a judgment.
On February 14, 2011, the provincial court in Lago Agrio rendered an adverse judgment in the case. The court rejected Chevron’s defenses to the extent the court addressed them in its opinion. The judgment assessed approximately $8.6 billion in damages and approximately $900 million as an award for the plaintiffs’ representatives. It also assessed an additional amount of approximately $8.6 billion in punitive damages unless the company issued a public apology within 15 days of the judgment, which Chevron did not do. On February 17, 2011, the plaintiffs appealed the judgment, seeking increased damages, and on March 11, 2011, Chevron appealed the judgment seeking to have the judgment nullified. On January 3, 2012, an appellate panel in the provincial court affirmed the February 14, 2011 decision and ordered that Chevron pay additional attorneys’ fees in the amount of “0.10% of the values that are derived from the decisional act of this judgment.” The plaintiffs filed a petition to clarify and amplify the appellate decision on January 6, 2012, and the court issued a ruling in response on January 13, 2012, purporting to clarify and amplify its January 3, 2012 ruling, which included clarification that the deadline for the company to issue a public apology to avoid the additional amount of approximately $8.6 billion in punitive damages was within 15 days of the clarification ruling, or February 3, 2012. Chevron did not issue an apology because doing so might be mischaracterized as an admission of liability and would be contrary to facts and evidence submitted at trial. On January 20, 2012, Chevron appealed (called a petition for cassation) the appellate panel’s decision to Ecuador’s National Court of Justice. As part of the appeal, Chevron requested the suspension of any requirement that Chevron post a bond to prevent enforcement under Ecuadorian law of the judgment during the cassation appeal. On February 17, 2012, the appellate panel of the provincial court admitted Chevron’s cassation appeal in a procedural step necessary for the National Court of Justice to hear the appeal. The provincial court appellate panel denied Chevron’s request for suspension of the requirement that Chevron post a bond and stated that it would not comply with the First and Second Interim Awards of the international arbitration

16

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


tribunal discussed below. On March 29, 2012, the matter was transferred from the provincial court to the National Court of Justice, and on November 22, 2012, the National Court agreed to hear Chevron's cassation appeal. On August 3, 2012, the provincial court in Lago Agrio approved a court-appointed liquidator’s report on damages that calculated the total judgment in the case to be $19.1 billion. On November 13, 2013, the National Court ratified the judgment but nullified the $8.6 billion punitive damage assessment, resulting in a judgment of $9.5 billion. On December 23, 2013, Chevron appealed the decision to the Ecuador Constitutional Court, Ecuador's highest court. The reporting justice of the Constitutional Court heard oral arguments on the appeal on July 16, 2015.
On July 2, 2013, the provincial court in Lago Agrio issued an embargo order in Ecuador ordering that any funds to be paid by the Government of Ecuador to Chevron to satisfy a $96 million award issued in an unrelated action by an arbitral tribunal presiding in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague under the Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law must be paid to the Lago Agrio plaintiffs. The award was issued by the tribunal under the United States-Ecuador Bilateral Investment Treaty in an action filed in 2006 in connection with seven breach of contract cases that Texpet filed against the Government of Ecuador between 1991 and 1993. The Government of Ecuador has moved to set aside the tribunal's award. On September 26, 2014, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands issued an opinion denying Ecuador’s set aside request. A Federal District Court for the District of Columbia confirmed the tribunal's award, and, on August 4, 2015, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit affirmed the District Court's decision. On September 28, 2015, the Court of Appeals denied the Government of Ecuador’s request for full appellate court review of the Federal District Court’s decision. On June 6, 2016, the United States Supreme Court denied the Government of Ecuador's petition for Writ of Certiorari. On July 22, 2016, the Government of Ecuador paid the $96 million award, plus interest, resulting in a payment to Chevron of approximately $113 million.
Lago Agrio Plaintiffs' Enforcement Actions Chevron has no assets in Ecuador and the Lago Agrio plaintiffs’ lawyers have stated in press releases and through other media that they will seek to enforce the Ecuadorian judgment in various countries and otherwise disrupt Chevron’s operations. On May 30, 2012, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs filed an action against Chevron Corporation, Chevron Canada Limited, and Chevron Canada Finance Limited in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice in Ontario, Canada, seeking to recognize and enforce the Ecuadorian judgment. On May 1, 2013, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice held that the Court has jurisdiction over Chevron and Chevron Canada Limited for purposes of the action, but stayed the action due to the absence of evidence that Chevron Corporation has assets in Ontario. The Lago Agrio plaintiffs appealed that decision and, on December 17, 2013, the Court of Appeals for Ontario affirmed the lower court’s decision on jurisdiction and set aside the stay, allowing the recognition and enforcement action to be heard in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice. Chevron appealed the decision to the Supreme Court of Canada and, on September 4, 2015, the Supreme Court dismissed the appeal and affirmed that the Ontario Superior Court of Justice has jurisdiction over Chevron and Chevron Canada Limited for purposes of the action. The recognition and enforcement proceeding and related preliminary motions are proceeding in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice.
On June 27, 2012, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs filed a complaint against Chevron Corporation in the Superior Court of Justice in Brasilia, Brazil, seeking to recognize and enforce the Ecuadorian judgment. Chevron has answered the complaint. In accordance with Brazilian procedure, the matter was referred to the public prosecutor for a nonbinding opinion of the issues raised in the complaint. On May 13, 2015, the public prosecutor issued its nonbinding opinion and recommended that the Superior Court of Justice reject the plaintiffs’ recognition and enforcement request, finding, among other things, that the Lago Agrio judgment was procured through fraud and corruption and cannot be recognized in Brazil because it violates Brazilian and international public order.
On October 15, 2012, the provincial court in Lago Agrio issued an ex parte embargo order that purports to order the seizure of assets belonging to separate Chevron subsidiaries in Ecuador, Argentina and Colombia. On November 6, 2012, at the request of the Lago Agrio plaintiffs, a court in Argentina issued a Freeze Order against Chevron Argentina S.R.L. and another Chevron subsidiary, Ingeniero Norberto Priu, requiring shares of both companies to be "embargoed," requiring third parties to withhold 40 percent of any payments due to Chevron Argentina S.R.L. and ordering banks to withhold 40 percent of the funds in Chevron Argentina S.R.L. bank accounts. On December 14, 2012, the Argentinean court rejected a motion to revoke the Freeze Order but modified it by ordering that third parties are not required to withhold funds but must report their payments. The court also clarified that the Freeze Order relating to bank accounts excludes taxes. On January 30, 2013, an appellate court upheld the Freeze Order, but on June 4, 2013, the Supreme Court of Argentina revoked the Freeze Order in its entirety. On December 12, 2013, the Lago Agrio plaintiffs served Chevron with notice of their filing

17

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


of an enforcement proceeding in the National Court, First Instance, of Argentina. Chevron filed its answer on February 27, 2014 to which the Lago Agrio plaintiffs responded on December 29, 2015. On April 19, 2016, the public prosecutor in Argentina issued a non-binding opinion recommending to the National Court, First Instance, of Argentina that it reject the Lago Agrio plaintiffs' request to recognize the Ecuadorian judgment in Argentina.
Chevron continues to believe the provincial court’s judgment is illegitimate and unenforceable in Ecuador, the United States and other countries. The company also believes the judgment is the product of fraud, and contrary to the legitimate scientific evidence. Chevron cannot predict the timing or ultimate outcome of the appeals process in Ecuador or any enforcement action. Chevron expects to continue a vigorous defense of any imposition of liability in the Ecuadorian courts and to contest and defend any and all enforcement actions.
Company's Bilateral Investment Treaty Arbitration Claims Chevron and Texpet filed an arbitration claim in September 2009 against the Republic of Ecuador before an arbitral tribunal presiding in the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague under the Rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. The claim alleges violations of the Republic of Ecuador’s obligations under the United States–Ecuador Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) and breaches of the settlement and release agreements between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet (described above), which are investment agreements protected by the BIT. Through the arbitration, Chevron and Texpet are seeking relief against the Republic of Ecuador, including a declaration that any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio litigation constitutes a violation of Ecuador’s obligations under the BIT. On February 9, 2011, the Tribunal issued an Order for Interim Measures requiring the Republic of Ecuador to take all measures at its disposal to suspend or cause to be suspended the enforcement or recognition within and without Ecuador of any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio case pending further order of the Tribunal. On January 25, 2012, the Tribunal converted the Order for Interim Measures into an Interim Award. Chevron filed a renewed application for further interim measures on January 4, 2012, and the Republic of Ecuador opposed Chevron’s application and requested that the existing Order for Interim Measures be vacated on January 9, 2012. On February 16, 2012, the Tribunal issued a Second Interim Award mandating that the Republic of Ecuador take all measures necessary (whether by its judicial, legislative or executive branches) to suspend or cause to be suspended the enforcement and recognition within and without Ecuador of the judgment against Chevron and, in particular, to preclude any certification by the Republic of Ecuador that would cause the judgment to be enforceable against Chevron. On February 27, 2012, the Tribunal issued a Third Interim Award confirming its jurisdiction to hear Chevron's arbitration claims. On February 7, 2013, the Tribunal issued its Fourth Interim Award in which it declared that the Republic of Ecuador “has violated the First and Second Interim Awards under the [BIT], the UNCITRAL Rules and international law in regard to the finalization and enforcement subject to execution of the Lago Agrio Judgment within and outside Ecuador, including (but not limited to) Canada, Brazil and Argentina.” The Republic of Ecuador subsequently filed in the District Court of the Hague a request to set aside the Tribunal’s Interim Awards and the First Partial Award (described below), and on January 20, 2016, the District Court denied the Republic's request. On April 13, 2016, the Republic of Ecuador appealed the decision.
The Tribunal has divided the merits phase of the proceeding into three phases. On September 17, 2013, the Tribunal issued its First Partial Award from Phase One, finding that the settlement agreements between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet applied to Texpet and Chevron, released Texpet and Chevron from claims based on "collective" or "diffuse" rights arising from Texpet's operations in the former concession area and precluded third parties from asserting collective/diffuse rights environmental claims relating to Texpet's operations in the former concession area but did not preclude individual claims for personal harm. The Tribunal held a hearing on April 29-30, 2014, to address remaining issues relating to Phase One, and on March 12, 2015, it issued a nonbinding decision that the Lago Agrio plaintiffs' complaint, on its face, includes claims not barred by the settlement agreement between the Republic of Ecuador and Texpet. In the same decision, the Tribunal deferred to Phase Two remaining issues from Phase One, including whether the Republic of Ecuador breached the 1995 settlement agreement and the remedies that are available to Chevron and Texpet as a result of that breach. Phase Two issues were addressed at a hearing held in April and May 2015. The Tribunal has not set a date for Phase Three, the damages phase of the arbitration.
Company's RICO Action Through a series of U.S. court proceedings initiated by Chevron to obtain discovery relating to the Lago Agrio litigation and the BIT arbitration, Chevron obtained evidence that it believes shows a pattern of fraud, collusion, corruption, and other misconduct on the part of several lawyers, consultants and others acting for the Lago Agrio plaintiffs. In February 2011, Chevron filed a civil lawsuit in the Federal District Court

18

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


for the Southern District of New York against the Lago Agrio plaintiffs and several of their lawyers, consultants and supporters, alleging violations of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act and other state laws. Through the civil lawsuit, Chevron is seeking relief that includes a declaration that any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio litigation is the result of fraud and other unlawful conduct and is therefore unenforceable. On March 7, 2011, the Federal District Court issued a preliminary injunction prohibiting the Lago Agrio plaintiffs and persons acting in concert with them from taking any action in furtherance of recognition or enforcement of any judgment against Chevron in the Lago Agrio case pending resolution of Chevron’s civil lawsuit by the Federal District Court. On May 31, 2011, the Federal District Court severed claims one through eight of Chevron’s complaint from the ninth claim for declaratory relief and imposed a discovery stay on claims one through eight pending a trial on the ninth claim for declaratory relief. On September 19, 2011, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated the preliminary injunction, stayed the trial on Chevron’s ninth claim, a claim for declaratory relief, that had been set for November 14, 2011, and denied the defendants’ mandamus petition to recuse the judge hearing the lawsuit. The Second Circuit issued its opinion on January 26, 2012 ordering the dismissal of Chevron’s ninth claim for declaratory relief. On February 16, 2012, the Federal District Court lifted the stay on claims one through eight, and on October 18, 2012, the Federal District Court set a trial date of October 15, 2013. On March 22, 2013, Chevron settled its claims against Stratus Consulting, and on April 12, 2013 sworn declarations by representatives of Stratus Consulting were filed with the Court admitting their role and that of the plaintiffs' attorneys in drafting the environmental report of the mining engineer appointed by the provincial court in Lago Agrio. On September 26, 2013, the Second Circuit denied the defendants' Petition for Writ of Mandamus to recuse the judge hearing the case and to collaterally estop Chevron from seeking a declaration that the Lago Agrio judgment was obtained through fraud and other unlawful conduct.
The trial commenced on October 15, 2013 and concluded on November 22, 2013. On March 4, 2014, the Federal District Court entered a judgment in favor of Chevron, prohibiting the defendants from seeking to enforce the Lago Agrio judgment in the United States and further prohibiting them from profiting from their illegal acts. The defendants appealed the Federal District Court's decision, and, on April 20, 2015, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit heard oral arguments. On August 8, 2016, the Second Circuit issued a unanimous opinion affirming in full the judgment of the Federal District Court in favor of Chevron. On October 27, 2016, the Second Circuit denied the defendants' petitions for en banc rehearing of the opinion on their appeal.
Management's Assessment The ultimate outcome of the foregoing matters, including any financial effect on Chevron, remains uncertain. Management does not believe an estimate of a reasonably possible loss (or a range of loss) can be made in this case. Due to the defects associated with the Ecuadorian judgment, the 2008 engineer’s report on alleged damages and the September 2010 plaintiffs’ submission on alleged damages, management does not believe these documents have any utility in calculating a reasonably possible loss (or a range of loss). Moreover, the highly uncertain legal environment surrounding the case provides no basis for management to estimate a reasonably possible loss (or a range of loss).
Note 13. Other Contingencies and Commitments
Income Taxes The company calculates its income tax expense and liabilities quarterly. These liabilities generally are subject to audit and are not finalized with the individual taxing authorities until several years after the end of the annual period for which income taxes have been calculated. Refer to Note 10 on page 14 for a discussion of the periods for which tax returns have been audited for the company’s major tax jurisdictions.
Settlement of open tax years, as well as other tax issues in countries where the company conducts its businesses, are not expected to have a material effect on the consolidated financial position or liquidity of the company and, in the opinion of management, adequate provision has been made for income and franchise taxes for all years under examination or subject to future examination.
Guarantees The company and its subsidiaries have certain contingent liabilities with respect to guarantees, direct or indirect, of debt of affiliated companies or third parties. Under the terms of the guarantee arrangements, the company would generally be required to perform should the affiliated company or third party fail to fulfill its obligations under the arrangements. In some cases, the guarantee arrangements may have recourse provisions that would enable the company to recover any payments made under the terms of the guarantees from assets provided as collateral.
Indemnifications In the acquisition of Unocal, the company assumed certain indemnities relating to contingent environmental liabilities associated with assets that were sold in 1997. The acquirer of those assets shared in certain environmental remediation costs up to a maximum obligation of $200 million, which had been reached at

19

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


December 31, 2009. Under the indemnification agreement, after reaching the $200 million obligation, Chevron is solely responsible until April 2022, when the indemnification expires. The environmental conditions or events that are subject to these indemnities must have arisen prior to the sale of the assets in 1997.
Although the company has provided for known obligations under this indemnity that are probable and reasonably estimable, the amount of additional future costs may be material to results of operations in the period in which they are recognized. The company does not expect these costs will have a material effect on its consolidated financial position or liquidity.
Off-Balance-Sheet Obligations The company and its subsidiaries have certain contingent liabilities with respect to long-term unconditional purchase obligations and commitments, including throughput and take-or-pay agreements, some of which relate to suppliers’ financing arrangements. The agreements typically provide goods and services, such as pipeline and storage capacity, drilling rigs, utilities, and petroleum products, to be used or sold in the ordinary course of the company’s business.
Environmental The company is subject to loss contingencies pursuant to laws, regulations, private claims and legal proceedings related to environmental matters that are subject to legal settlements or that in the future may require the company to take action to correct or ameliorate the effects on the environment of prior release of chemicals or petroleum substances, including MTBE, by the company or other parties. Such contingencies may exist for various sites, including, but not limited to, federal Superfund sites and analogous sites under state laws, refineries, crude oil fields, service stations, terminals, land development areas, and mining activities, whether operating, closed or divested. These future costs are not fully determinable due to such factors as the unknown magnitude of possible contamination, the unknown timing and extent of the corrective actions that may be required, the determination of the company’s liability in proportion to other responsible parties, and the extent to which such costs are recoverable from third parties.
Although the company has provided for known environmental obligations that are probable and reasonably estimable, the amount of additional future costs may be material to results of operations in the period in which they are recognized. The company does not expect these costs will have a material effect on its consolidated financial position or liquidity. Also, the company does not believe its obligations to make such expenditures have had, or will have, any significant impact on the company’s competitive position relative to other U.S. or international petroleum or chemical companies.
Other Contingencies On November 7, 2011, while drilling a development well in the deepwater Frade Field about 75 miles offshore Brazil, an unanticipated pressure spike caused oil to migrate from the well bore through a series of fissures to the sea floor, emitting approximately 2,400 barrels of oil. The source of the seep was substantially contained within four days and the well was plugged and abandoned. On March 14, 2012, the company identified a small, second seep in a different part of the field. No evidence of any coastal or wildlife impacts related to either of these seeps has emerged. As reported in the company’s previously filed periodic reports, it has resolved civil claims relating to these incidents brought by a Brazilian federal district prosecutor. As also reported previously, the federal district prosecutor also filed criminal charges against Chevron and 11 Chevron employees. These charges were dismissed by the trial court on February 19, 2013, reinstated by an appellate court on October 9, 2013, and then, upon Chevron's motion for reconsideration, dismissed by the appellate court on August 27, 2015. The federal district prosecutor has appealed the appellate court’s decision.
Chevron receives claims from and submits claims to customers; trading partners; joint venture partners; U.S. federal, state and local regulatory bodies; governments; contractors; insurers; suppliers; and individuals. The amounts of these claims, individually and in the aggregate, may be significant and take lengthy periods to resolve, and may result in gains or losses in future periods.
The company and its affiliates also continue to review and analyze their operations and may close, abandon, sell, exchange, acquire or restructure assets to achieve operational or strategic benefits and to improve competitiveness and profitability. These activities, individually or together, may result in significant gains or losses in future periods.
Note 14. Fair Value Measurements
The three levels of the fair value hierarchy of inputs the company uses to measure the fair value of an asset or liability are described as follows:
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. For the company,

20

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Level 1 inputs include exchange-traded futures contracts for which the parties are willing to transact at the exchange-quoted price and marketable securities that are actively traded.
Level 2: Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly. For the company, Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, prices obtained through third-party broker quotes and prices that can be corroborated with other observable inputs for substantially the complete term of a contract.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs. The company does not use Level 3 inputs for any of its recurring fair value measurements. Level 3 inputs may be required for the determination of fair value associated with certain nonrecurring measurements of nonfinancial assets and liabilities.
The fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, is as follows:
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
(Millions of dollars)
 
At September 30, 2016
 
At December 31, 2015
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Marketable Securities
$
321

 
$
321

 
$

 
$

 
$
310

 
$
310

 
$

 
$

Derivatives
9

 
5

 
4

 

 
205

 
189

 
16

 

Total Assets at Fair Value
$
330

 
$
326

 
$
4

 
$

 
$
515

 
$
499

 
$
16

 
$

Derivatives
63

 
29

 
34

 

 
53

 
47

 
6

 

Total Liabilities at Fair Value
$
63

 
$
29

 
$
34

 
$

 
$
53

 
$
47

 
$
6

 
$

Marketable Securities The company calculates fair value for its marketable securities based on quoted market prices for identical assets. The fair values reflect the cash that would have been received if the instruments were sold at September 30, 2016.
Derivatives The company records its derivative instruments — other than any commodity derivative contracts that are designated as normal purchase and normal sale — on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at fair value, with the offsetting amount to the Consolidated Statement of Income. Derivatives classified as Level 1 include futures, swaps and options contracts traded in active markets such as the New York Mercantile Exchange. Derivatives classified as Level 2 include swaps, options and forward contracts principally with financial institutions and other oil and gas companies, the fair values of which are obtained from third-party broker quotes, industry pricing services and exchanges. The company obtains multiple sources of pricing information for the Level 2 instruments. Since this pricing information is generated from observable market data, it has historically been very consistent. The company does not materially adjust this information.
Assets carried at fair value at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, are as follows:
Cash and Cash Equivalents The company holds cash equivalents in U.S. and non-U.S. portfolios. The instruments classified as cash equivalents are primarily bank time deposits with maturities of 90 days or less, and money market funds. “Cash and cash equivalents” had carrying/fair values of $7.4 billion and $11.0 billion at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents are classified as Level 1 and reflect the cash that would have been received if the instruments were settled at September 30, 2016.
Restricted Cash had a carrying/fair value of $0.9 billion and $1.1 billion at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively. At September 30, 2016, restricted cash is classified as Level 1 and includes restricted funds related to certain upstream abandonment activities and tax payments, which are reported in "Prepaid expenses and other current assets" and “Deferred charges and other assets” on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Long-Term Debt had a net carrying value, excluding amounts reclassified from short-term, of $31.5 billion and $25.6 billion at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, respectively. The fair value of long-term debt at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015 was $32.6 billion and $25.9 billion, respectively. Long-term debt

21

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


primarily includes corporate issued bonds. The fair value of corporate bonds classified as Level 1 is $31.8 billion. The fair value of other long-term debt classified as Level 2 is $0.8 billion.
The carrying values of other short-term financial assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet approximate their fair values. Fair value remeasurements of other financial instruments at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, were not material.
The fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at September 30, 2016, is as follows:
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
(Millions of dollars)
 
At September 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Before-Tax Loss
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine
Months
Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Properties, plant and equipment, net (held and used)
$
178

 
$

 
$

 
$
178

 
$
92

 
$
2,427

 Properties, plant and equipment, net (held for sale)
19

 

 
19

 

 
4

 
545

 Investments and advances
1

 

 

 
1

 
12

 
230

 Total Assets at Fair Value
$
198

 
$

 
$
19

 
$
179

 
$
108

 
$
3,202

Properties, plant and equipment The company did not have any individually material impairments of long-lived assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis to report in third quarter 2016.
Investments and advances The company did not have any material impairments of investments and advances measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis to report in third quarter 2016.

Note 15. Financial and Derivative Instruments
The company’s derivative instruments principally include crude oil, natural gas and refined product futures, swaps, options, and forward contracts. None of the company’s derivative instruments are designated as hedging instruments, although certain of the company’s affiliates make such a designation. The company’s derivatives are not material to the company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity. The company believes it has no material market or credit risks to its operations, financial position or liquidity as a result of its commodities and other derivatives activities.
The company uses derivative commodity instruments traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange and on electronic platforms of the Inter-Continental Exchange and Chicago Mercantile Exchange. In addition, the company enters into swap contracts and option contracts principally with major financial institutions and other oil and gas companies in the “over-the-counter” markets, which are governed by International Swaps and Derivatives Association agreements and other master netting arrangements.
Derivative instruments measured at fair value at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, and their classification on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and Consolidated Statement of Income are as follows:
Consolidated Balance Sheet: Fair Value of Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
(Millions of dollars)
Type of
Contract
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
At September 30
2016
 
At December 31
2015
Commodity
 
Accounts and notes receivable, net
 
$
5

 
$
200

Commodity
 
Long-term receivables, net
 
4

 
5

Total Assets at Fair Value
 
$
9

 
$
205

Commodity
 
Accounts payable
 
$
57

 
$
51

Commodity
 
Deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations
 
6

 
2

Total Liabilities at Fair Value
 
$
63

 
$
53



22

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)


Consolidated Statement of Income: The Effect of Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
Gain / (Loss)
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Gain / (Loss)
Nine Months Ended
September 30
Type of
Contract
 
Statement of Income Classification
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Commodity
 
Sales and other operating revenues
 
$
(23
)
 
$
211

 
$
(194
)
 
$
59

Commodity
 
Purchased crude oil and products
 
4

 
18

 
(17
)
 
19

Commodity
 
Other income
 
(3
)
 
5

 
(1
)
 
(6
)
 
 
 
 
$
(22
)
 
$
234

 
$
(212
)
 
$
72


The table below represents gross and net derivative assets and liabilities subject to netting agreements on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015.
Consolidated Balance Sheet: The Effect of Netting Derivative Assets and Liabilities
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
Gross Amount Recognized
 
Gross Amounts Offset
 
Net Amounts Presented
 
 Gross Amounts Not Offset
 
Net Amount
At September 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Assets
 
$
1,266

 
$
1,257

 
$
9

 
$

 
$
9

Derivative Liabilities
 
$
1,320

 
$
1,257

 
$
63

 
$

 
$
63

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative Assets
 
$
2,459

 
$
2,254

 
$
205

 
$

 
$
205

Derivative Liabilities
 
$
2,307

 
$
2,254

 
$
53

 
$

 
$
53

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets and liabilities are classified on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as accounts and notes receivable, long-term receivables, accounts payable, and deferred credits and other noncurrent obligations. Amounts not offset on the Consolidated Balance Sheet represent positions that do not meet all the conditions for "a right of offset."



Note 16. Restructuring and Reorganization Costs
The following table summarizes the accrued severance liability, which is classified as current on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
 
Amounts Before Tax
 
(Millions of dollars)
Balance at January 1, 2016
$
293

Accruals/Adjustments
85

Payments
(299
)
Balance at September 30, 2016
$
79

 
 

Note 17. Accounting for Suspended Exploratory Wells
The capitalized cost of suspended wells at September 30, 2016, was $3.5 billion, a net increase of $143 million from year-end 2015. The increase was primarily due to drilling activities, partially offset by well write-offs. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, $46 million of exploratory well costs previously capitalized for greater than one year at December 31, 2015, were charged to expense.

23

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)



Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Third Quarter 2016 Compared with Third Quarter 2015

Key Financial Results
Earnings by Business Segment
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(Millions of dollars)
Upstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
(212
)
 
$
(603
)
 
$
(2,175
)
 
$
(2,101
)
International
666

 
662

 
(1,292
)
 
1,501

Total Upstream
454

 
59

 
(3,467
)
 
(600
)
Downstream
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
523

 
1,249

 
1,307

 
2,686

International
542

 
962

 
1,771

 
3,904

Total Downstream
1,065

 
2,211

 
3,078

 
6,590

Total Segment Earnings
1,519

 
2,270

 
(389
)
 
5,990

All Other
(236
)
 
(233
)
 
(523
)
 
(815
)
Net Income (Loss) Attributable to Chevron Corporation (1) (2)
$
1,283

 
$
2,037

 
$
(912
)
 
$
5,175

_____________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) Includes foreign currency effects
$
72

 
$
394

 
$
32

 
$
723

(2) Income net of tax; also referred to as “earnings” in the discussions that follow.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Chevron Corporation for third quarter 2016 was $1.28 billion ($0.68 per share — diluted), compared with earnings of $2.04 billion ($1.09 per share — diluted) in the corresponding 2015 period. The net loss attributable to Chevron Corporation for the first nine months of 2016 was $912 million ($0.49 per share — diluted), compared with earnings of $5.18 billion ($2.76 per share — diluted) in the first nine months of 2015.
Upstream earnings in third quarter 2016 were $454 million compared with $59 million a year earlier. The improvement was mainly due to lower tax items, operating expenses and depreciation expenses, partially offset by lower crude oil and natural gas realizations. The loss for the first nine months of 2016 was $3.47 billion compared with a loss of $600 million a year earlier. The decrease was due to lower crude oil and natural gas realizations and lower gains on asset sales, partially offset by lower operating, exploration and depreciation expenses. In addition, both comparative periods were impacted by an unfavorable change in foreign currency effects.
Downstream earnings in third quarter 2016 were $1.07 billion compared with $2.21 billion in the corresponding 2015 period. The decrease was due to lower margins on refined product sales, the absence of third quarter 2015 gains on derivative instruments and lower earnings from the 50 percent-owned Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC. Partially offsetting the decrease were lower operating expenses. Earnings for the first nine months of 2016 were $3.08 billion compared with $6.59 billion in the corresponding 2015 period. The decrease in the nine-month period was due to lower margins on refined product sales, lower gains on asset sales, lower earnings from the 50 percent-owned Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC and an unfavorable change in effects on derivative instruments. Partially offsetting the decrease were lower operating expenses. In addition, both comparative periods were impacted by an unfavorable change in foreign currency effects.
Refer to pages 28 through 31 for additional discussion of results by business segment and “All Other” activities for third quarter and first nine months of 2016