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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY LTD/CNexhibit322_q32016.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY LTD/CNexhibit321_q32016.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY LTD/CNexhibit312_q32016.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY LTD/CNexhibit311_q32016.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark one)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to
Commission File Number 001-01342
Canadian Pacific Railway Limited
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Canada
 
98-0355078
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation or Organization)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
7550 Ogden Dale Road S.E.
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
 
T2C 4X9
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (403) 319-7000
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  þ    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  þ    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
As of the close of business on October 17, 2016, there were 146,262,114 of the registrant’s Common Shares issued and outstanding.
 






CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY LIMITED
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION


 
 
Page
Item 1.
Financial Statements:
 
 
 
 
 
Interim Consolidated Statements of Income
 
For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
 
Interim Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
 
Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
     As at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
Interim Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
 
Interim Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 
 
Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5.
Other Information
Item 6.
Exhibits


2





PART I

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(unaudited)
 
 
For the three months ended September 30

For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars, except share and per share data)
2016

2015

2016

2015
Revenues








Freight

$
1,510


$
1,667


$
4,464


$
4,907

Non-freight

44


42


131


118

Total revenues

1,554


1,709


4,595


5,025

Operating expenses








Compensation and benefits

294


352


907


1,038

Fuel

138


162


394


542

Materials

39


47


133


144

Equipment rents

43


42


132


130

Depreciation and amortization

155


149


478


440

Purchased services and other (Note 4)

228


272


690


788

Gain on sale of Delaware & Hudson South



(68
)



(68
)
Total operating expenses

897


956


2,734


3,014














Operating income

657


753


1,861


2,011

Less:








Other income and charges (Note 5)

71


168


(119
)

236

Net interest expense

116


103


355


272

Income before income tax expense

470


482


1,625


1,503

Income tax expense (Note 6)

123


159


410


470

Net income

$
347


$
323


$
1,215


$
1,033










Earnings per share (Note 7)








Basic earnings per share

$
2.35


$
2.05


$
8.06


$
6.37

Diluted earnings per share

$
2.34


$
2.04


$
8.02


$
6.32










Weighted-average number of shares (millions) (Note 7)








Basic

147.3


157.6


150.7


162.0

Diluted

148.3


158.7


151.6


163.3














Dividends declared per share

$
0.5000


$
0.3500


$
1.3500


$
1.0500

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.
 


3





INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(unaudited)
 
For the three months ended September 30

For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
2016

2015

2016

2015
Net income
$
347


$
323


$
1,215


$
1,033

Net (loss) gain in foreign currency translation adjustments, net of hedging activities
(7
)

(33
)

33


(63
)
Change in derivatives designated as cash flow hedges
1


(45
)

(75
)

(78
)
Change in pension and post-retirement defined benefit plans
47


65


137


203

Other comprehensive income (loss) before income taxes
41


(13
)

95


62

Income tax (expense) recovery on above items
(3
)

33


(51
)

44

Other comprehensive income (Note 3)
38


20


44


106

Comprehensive income
$
385


$
343


$
1,259


$
1,139

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

4





INTERIM CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS AT
(unaudited)
 
September 30

December 31
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
2016

2015
Assets



Current assets



Cash and cash equivalents
$
103


$
650

Accounts receivable, net
605


645

Materials and supplies
192


188

Other current assets
64


54


964


1,537

Investments
169


152

Properties
16,382


16,273

Goodwill and intangible assets
198


211

Pension asset
1,638


1,401

Other assets
70


63

Total assets
$
19,421


$
19,637

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity



Current liabilities



Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
1,246


$
1,417

Long-term debt maturing within one year (Note 8)
391


30


1,637


1,447

Pension and other benefit liabilities
756


758

Other long-term liabilities
280


318

Long-term debt
8,488


8,927

Deferred income taxes
3,591


3,391

Total liabilities
14,752


14,841

Shareholders’ equity



Share capital
2,000


2,058

Additional paid-in capital
43


43

Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 3)
(1,433
)

(1,477
)
Retained earnings
4,059


4,172


4,669


4,796

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
19,421


$
19,637

Contingencies (Note 13)
See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.






5





INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
 
For the three months ended September 30

For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
2016

2015

2016

2015
Operating activities







Net income
$
347


$
323


$
1,215


$
1,033

Reconciliation of net income to cash provided by operating activities:







Depreciation and amortization
155


149


478


440

Deferred income taxes (Note 6)
50




233


106

Pension funding in excess of expense (Note 12)
(26
)

(10
)

(105
)

(40
)
Foreign exchange loss (gain) on long-term debt (Note 5)
46


128


(153
)

182

Other operating activities, net
(17
)

(53
)

(130
)

(122
)
Change in non-cash working capital balances related to operations
36


159


(217
)

237

Cash provided by operating activities
591


696


1,321


1,836

Investing activities







Additions to properties
(294
)

(449
)

(902
)

(1,067
)
Proceeds from the sale of Delaware & Hudson South


281




281

Proceeds from sale of properties and other assets (Note 4)
16


13


87


73

Other


(8
)

(2
)

5

Cash used in investing activities
(278
)

(163
)

(817
)

(708
)
Financing activities







Dividends paid
(75
)

(57
)

(182
)

(172
)
Issuance of CP Common Shares
5


5


14


32

Purchase of CP Common Shares (Note 9)
(412
)

(1,523
)

(1,200
)

(2,595
)
Issuance of long-term debt, excluding commercial paper


2,601




3,411

Repayment of long-term debt, excluding commercial paper
(12
)

(432
)

(30
)

(499
)
Net issuance (repayment) of commercial paper (Note 8)
190


(669
)

366


(893
)
Other




(3
)


Cash used in financing activities
(304
)

(75
)

(1,035
)

(716
)












Effect of foreign currency fluctuations on U.S. dollar-denominated cash and cash equivalents
2


18


(16
)

23

Cash position







Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
11


476


(547
)

435

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
92


185


650


226

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
103


$
661


$
103


$
661









Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:







Income taxes paid
$
17


$
48


$
274


$
107

Interest paid
$
148


$
81


$
395


$
242

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 


6





INTERIM CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(unaudited)
(in millions of Canadian dollars, except common share amounts)

Common shares (in millions)


Share
capital

Additional
paid-in
capital

Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss

Retained
earnings

Total
shareholders’
equity

Balance at January 1, 2016

153.0


$
2,058

$
43

$
(1,477
)
$
4,172

$
4,796

Net income






1,215

1,215

Other comprehensive income (Note 3)





44


44

Dividends declared






(202
)
(202
)
Effect of stock-based compensation expense




11



11

CP Common Shares repurchased (Note 9)

(6.9
)

(84
)


(1,126
)
(1,210
)
Shares issued under stock option plan

0.2


26

(11
)


15

Balance at September 30, 2016

146.3


$
2,000

$
43

$
(1,433
)
$
4,059

$
4,669

Balance at January 1, 2015

166.1


$
2,185

$
36

$
(2,219
)
$
5,608

$
5,610

Net income






1,033

1,033

Other comprehensive income (Note 3)





106


106

Dividends declared






(170
)
(170
)
Effect of stock-based compensation expense




14



14

CP Common Shares repurchased (Note 9)

(12.7
)

(173
)


(2,462
)
(2,635
)
Shares issued under stock option plan

0.4


42

(8
)


34

Balance at September 30, 2015

153.8


$
2,054

$
42

$
(2,113
)
$
4,009

$
3,992

See Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 


7





NOTES TO INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2016
(unaudited)

1    Basis of presentation

These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of Canadian Pacific Railway Limited (“CP”, or “the Company”), expressed in Canadian dollars, reflect management’s estimates and assumptions that are necessary for their fair presentation in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”). They do not include all disclosures required under GAAP for annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the 2015 annual consolidated financial statements and notes included in CP's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The accounting policies used are consistent with the accounting policies used in preparing the 2015 annual consolidated financial statements, except for the newly adopted accounting policy discussed in Note 2.

CP's operations can be affected by seasonal fluctuations such as changes in customer demand and weather-related issues. This seasonality could impact quarter-over-quarter comparisons.

In management’s opinion, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal and recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly such information. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the fiscal year.
2    Accounting changes

Implemented in 2016

Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis

In February 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis under FASB Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 810 Consolidation. The amendments required reporting entities to evaluate whether they should consolidate certain legal entities under the revised consolidation model. Specifically, the amendments modify the evaluation of whether limited partnerships and similar legal entities are variable interest entities (“VIEs”) or voting interest entities, eliminated the presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership and affected the consolidation analysis of reporting entities involved with VIEs, particularly those that have fee arrangements and related party relationships. This ASU was effective for public entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after December 15, 2015. Entities had the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt this ASU. The Company evaluated all arrangements that might give rise to a VIE and all existing VIEs; no changes to disclosure or financial statement presentation were required as a result of this evaluation.

Future changes

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. The new FASB ASC Topic 842 Leases supersedes the lease recognition and measurement requirements in Topic 840 Leases. This new standard requires recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as finance and operating leases with a maximum term exceeding 12 months. This ASU will be effective for public entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after December 15, 2018. Entities are required to use a modified retrospective approach to adopt this ASU. The Company is currently evaluating the impact adoption of this ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Principal versus Agent Considerations under FASB ASC Topic 606. The amendments clarify the principal versus agent guidance in determining whether to recognize revenue on a gross or net basis. The amendments are effective for public entities for annual reporting periods beginning on or after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt this ASU. The Company is currently evaluating the impact adoption of this ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.

Compensation - Stock Compensation

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation, under ASC Topic 718. The amendments clarify the guidance relating to treatment of excess tax benefits and deficiencies, acceptable forfeiture rate policies, and treatment of cash paid by an employer when directly withholding shares for tax-withholding purposes and the requirement to treat such cash flows as a financing activity. This ASU will be effective for public entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years,

8





beginning on or after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact adoption of this ASU will have on the consolidated financial statements.
3    Changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss ("AOCL") by component

For the three months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars, net of tax)
Foreign currency
net of hedging
activities

Derivatives and other

Pension and post-retirement defined benefit plans

Total

Opening balance, 2016
$
124

$
(157
)
$
(1,438
)
$
(1,471
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
2

(1
)
1

2

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

2

34

36

Net current-period other comprehensive income
2

1

35

38

Closing balance, 2016
$
126

$
(156
)
$
(1,403
)
$
(1,433
)
Opening balance, 2015
$
125

$
(77
)
$
(2,181
)
$
(2,133
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
6

(34
)

(28
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

2

46

48

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
6

(32
)
46

20

Closing balance, 2015
$
131

$
(109
)
$
(2,135
)
$
(2,113
)

For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars, net of tax)
Foreign currency
net of hedging
activities

Derivatives and other

Pension and post-retirement defined benefit plans

Total

Opening balance, 2016
$
129

$
(102
)
$
(1,504
)
$
(1,477
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications
(3
)
(60
)
(1
)
(64
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

6

102

108

Net current-period other comprehensive (loss) income
(3
)
(54
)
101

44

Closing balance, 2016
$
126

$
(156
)
$
(1,403
)
$
(1,433
)
Opening balance, 2015
$
115

$
(52
)
$
(2,282
)
$
(2,219
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
16

(60
)
5

(39
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

3

142

145

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
16

(57
)
147

106

Closing balance, 2015
$
131

$
(109
)
$
(2,135
)
$
(2,113
)














9





Amounts in Pension and post-retirement defined benefit plans reclassified from AOCL

For the three months ended September 30

For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
2016

2015

2016

2015
Amortization of prior service costs(1)
$
(2
)

$
(2
)

$
(5
)

$
(5
)
Recognition of net actuarial loss(1)
49


67


146


201

Total before income tax
47


65


141


196

Income tax recovery
(13
)

(19
)

(39
)

(54
)
Net of income tax
$
34


$
46


$
102


$
142

(1) Impacts Compensation and benefits on the Interim Consolidated Statements of Income.
4    Gain on sale of properties

Gain on sale of Arbutus Corridor

In March 2016, the Company announced the sale of CP’s Arbutus Corridor (the “Arbutus Corridor”) to the City of Vancouver for gross proceeds of $55 million. The agreement allows the Company to share in future proceeds on the eventual development and/or sale of certain parcels of the Arbutus Corridor. The Company recorded a gain on sale of $50 million before tax ($43 million after tax) from the transaction during the first quarter of 2016.

Gain on settlement of legal proceedings related to the purchase and sale of a building

In 2013, CP provided an interest free loan pursuant to a court order to a corporation owned by a court appointed trustee (“the judicial trustee”) to facilitate the acquisition of a building. The building was held in trust during the legal proceedings with regard to CP’s entitlement to an exercised purchase option of the building. As at December 31, 2014, the loan of $20 million and the purchase option with a carrying value of $8 million, were recorded as “Other assets” in the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets.

In the first quarter of 2015, CP reached a settlement with a third party that, following the sale of the building to an arm’s length third party, resulted in resolution of legal proceedings. CP received $59 million for the sale of the building which included repayment of the aforementioned loan to the judicial trustee and recorded a gain of $31 million ($27 million after tax).
5    Other income and charges

For the three months ended September 30

For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
2016

2015

2016

2015
Foreign exchange loss (gain) on long-term debt
$
46


$
128


$
(153
)

$
182

Other foreign exchange losses (gains)
2


(10
)

(5
)

(4
)
Early redemption premium on notes


47




47

Legal settlement
25




25



Other
(2
)

3


14


11

Total other income and charges
$
71


$
168


$
(119
)

$
236

6    Income taxes

For the three months ended September 30

For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
2016

2015

2016

2015
Current income tax expense
$
73


$
159


$
177


$
364

Deferred income tax expense
50




233


106

Income tax expense
$
123


$
159


$
410


$
470


The estimated 2016 annual effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, excluding the discrete items related to the foreign exchange loss (gain) on the Company’s U.S. dollar-denominated debt and the settlement charge in respect of a corporate legal claim, is 25.17% and 26.50%, respectively, compared to the estimate of 27.50% for the same periods in 2015.

The effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, including the discrete items, is 26.23% and 25.26%, respectively, compared to 32.92% and 31.28%, respectively, for the same period in 2015


10





7    Earnings per share

At September 30, 2016, the number of shares outstanding was 146.3 million (September 30, 2015 - 153.8 million).
    
Basic earnings per share have been calculated using net income for the period divided by the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during the period.

The number of shares used in earnings per share calculations is reconciled as follows:

For the three months ended September 30
For the nine months ended September 30
(in millions)
2016
2015
2016
2015
Weighted-average basic shares outstanding
147.3

157.6

150.7

162.0

Dilutive effect of stock options
1.0

1.1

0.9

1.3

Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding
148.3

158.7

151.6

163.3


For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, there were 331,553 options and 405,851 options, respectively, excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because their effects were not dilutive (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - 364,014 and 179,988, respectively).

8    Debt

Revolving credit facility

Effective June 28, 2016, the Company extended the maturity date by one year on its existing revolving U.S. $2.0 billion revolving credit facility, which includes a U.S. $1.0 billion five-year portion and U.S. $1.0 billion one-year plus one-year term-out portion. The maturity date on the U.S. $1.0 billion one-year plus one-year term-out portion has been extended to June 28, 2018; the maturity date on the U.S. $1.0 billion five-year portion was extended to June 28, 2021.

Commercial paper program

The Company has a commercial paper program which enables it to issue commercial paper up to a maximum aggregate principal amount of U.S. $1.0 billion in the form of unsecured promissory notes. The commercial paper is backed by the U.S. $1.0 billion one-year plus one-year term-out portion of the revolving credit facility. As at September 30, 2016, the Company had total commercial paper borrowings of U.S. $280 million ($367 million), presented in “Long-term debt maturing within one year” on the Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets (December 31, 2015 - $nil). The weighted-average interest rate on these borrowings was 0.75%.

The Company presents issuances and repayments of commercial paper in the Interim Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows on a net basis, all of which have a maturity of less than 90 days.

9    Shareholders' equity

On April 20, 2016, the Company announced a new normal course issuer bid ("bid"), commencing May 2, 2016 to May 1, 2017, to purchase up to 6.91 million of its outstanding Common Shares for cancellation. The Company completed the bid on September 28, 2016.

All purchases are made in accordance with the bid at prevalent market prices plus brokerage fees, or such other prices that may be permitted by the Toronto Stock Exchange, with consideration allocated to share capital up to the average carrying amount of the shares, and any excess allocated to Retained earnings. The following table provides activities under the share repurchase program:

For the three months ended September 30

For the nine months ended September 30

2016

2015

2016

2015
Number of Common Shares repurchased(1)
1,782,200


7,738,489


6,910,000


12,972,177

Weighted-average price per share(2)
$
192.10


$
200.84


$
175.08


$
203.08

Amount of repurchase (in millions)(2)
$
342


$
1,555


$
1,210


$
2,635

(1) Includes shares repurchased but not yet canceled at quarter end.
(2) Includes brokerage fees.





11





10    Financial instruments

A. Fair values of financial instruments

The Company categorizes its financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value in line with the fair value hierarchy established by GAAP that prioritizes, with respect to reliability, the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. This hierarchy consists of three broad levels. Level 1 inputs consist of quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and give the highest priority to these inputs. Level 2 and 3 inputs are based on significant other observable inputs and significant unobservable inputs, respectively, and give lower priority to these inputs.

When possible, the estimated fair value is based on quoted market prices and, if not available, estimates from third party brokers. For non-exchange traded derivatives classified in Level 2, the Company uses standard valuation techniques to calculate fair value. Primary inputs to these techniques include observable market prices (interest, foreign exchange (“FX”) and commodity) and volatility, depending on the type of derivative and nature of the underlying risk. The Company uses inputs and data used by willing market participants when valuing derivatives and considers its own credit default swap spread as well as those of its counterparties in its determination of fair value.

The carrying values of financial instruments equal or approximate their fair values with the exception of long-term debt which has a fair value of approximately $10,553 million at September 30, 2016 (December 31, 2015 - $9,750 million) and a carrying value of $8,879 million at September 30, 2016 (December 31, 2015 - $8,957 million). The estimated fair value of current and long-term borrowings has been determined based on market information where available, or by discounting future payments of interest and principal at estimated interest rates expected to be available to the Company at period end. All derivatives and long-term debt are classified as Level 2.

B. Financial risk management

Derivative financial instruments

Derivative financial instruments may be used to selectively reduce volatility associated with fluctuations in interest rates, FX rates, the price of fuel and stock-based compensation expense. Where derivatives are designated as hedging instruments, the relationship between the hedging instruments and their associated hedged items is documented, as well as the risk management objective and strategy for the use of the hedging instruments. This documentation includes linking the derivatives that are designated as fair value or cash flow hedges to specific assets or liabilities on the Interim Consolidated Balance Sheets, commitments or forecasted transactions. At the time a derivative contract is entered into, and at least quarterly thereafter, an assessment is made whether the derivative item is effective in offsetting the changes in fair value or cash flows of the hedged items. The derivative qualifies for hedge accounting treatment if it is effective in substantially mitigating the risk it was designed to address.

It is not the Company’s intent to use financial derivatives or commodity instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

FX management

The Company conducts business transactions and owns assets in both Canada and the United States. As a result, the Company is exposed to fluctuations in value of financial commitments, assets, liabilities, income or cash flows due to changes in FX rates. The Company may enter into FX risk management transactions primarily to manage fluctuations in the exchange rate between Canadian and U.S. currencies. FX exposure is primarily mitigated through natural offsets created by revenues, expenditures and balance sheet positions incurred in the same currency. Where appropriate, the Company may negotiate with customers and suppliers to reduce the net exposure.

Net investment hedge

The FX gains and losses on long-term debt are mainly unrealized and can only be realized when U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt matures or is settled. The Company also has long-term FX exposure on its investment in U.S. affiliates. The majority of the Company’s U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt has been designated as a hedge of the net investment in foreign subsidiaries. This designation has the effect of mitigating volatility on net income by offsetting long-term FX gains and losses on U.S. dollar denominated long-term debt and gains and losses on its net investment. The effective portion recognized in “Other comprehensive income” for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 was an unrealized FX loss of $72 million and an unrealized FX gain of $260 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - unrealized FX loss of $291 million and $589 million, respectively). There was no ineffectiveness during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015.

Interest rate management

The Company is exposed to interest rate risk, which is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will vary as a result of changes in market interest rates. In order to manage funding needs or capital structure goals, the Company

12





enters into debt or capital lease agreements that are subject to either fixed market interest rates set at the time of issue or floating rates determined by on-going market conditions. Debt subject to variable interest rates exposes the Company to variability in interest expense, while debt subject to fixed interest rates exposes the Company to variability in the fair value of debt.

To manage interest rate exposure, the Company accesses diverse sources of financing and manages borrowings in line with a targeted range of capital structure, debt ratings, liquidity needs, maturity schedule, and currency and interest rate profiles. In anticipation of future debt issuances, the Company may enter into forward rate agreements, that are designated as cash flow hedges, to substantially lock in all or a portion of the effective future interest expense. The Company may also enter into swap agreements, designated as fair value hedges, to manage the mix of fixed and floating rate debt.

Forward starting swaps

As at December 31, 2015, the Company had forward starting floating-to-fixed interest rate swap agreements (“forward starting swaps”) totaling a notional U.S. $700 million to fix the benchmark rate on cash flows associated with highly probable forecasted issuances of long-term notes. The effective portion of changes in fair value on the forward starting swaps is recorded in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss”, net of tax, as cash flow hedges until the highly probable forecasted notes are issued. Subsequent to the notes issuance, amounts in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” are reclassified to “Net interest expense”.

During the second quarter of 2016, the Company rolled the notional U.S. $700 million forward starting swaps. The Company de-designated the hedging relationship for U.S. $700 million of forward starting swaps. The Company did not cash settle these swaps. There was no ineffectiveness to record upon de-designation.

Concurrently the Company re-designated the forward starting swaps totaling U.S. $700 million to fix the benchmark rate on cash flows associated with a highly probable forecasted debt issuance of long-term notes.

As at September 30, 2016, the total fair value loss of $144 million (December 31, 2015 - fair value loss of $60 million) derived from the forward starting swaps was included in “Accounts payable and accrued liabilities”. Changes in fair value from the forward starting swaps for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $nil and a loss of $84 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - a loss of $46 million and $85 million, respectively). The effective portion for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $nil and a loss of $82 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - a fair value loss of $45 million and $82 million, respectively) and is recorded in “Other comprehensive income”. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the ineffective portion was $nil and a $2 million loss, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - $1 million and $3 million loss, respectively) and is recorded to “Net interest expense” on the Interim Consolidated Statements of Income.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, a loss of $3 million and $8 million, respectively, related to previous forward starting swap hedges have been amortized to “Net interest expense” (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - a loss of $1 million and $4 million, respectively). The Company expects that during the next 12 months $11 million of losses will be amortized to “Net interest expense”.

11    Stock-based compensation

At September 30, 2016, the Company had several stock-based compensation plans, including stock option plans, various cash settled liability plans and an employee stock savings plan. These plans resulted in an expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 of $31 million and $46 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - expense of $21 million and $45 million, respectively).

Regular options

In the nine months ended September 30, 2016, under CP’s stock option plans, the Company issued 402,331 regular options at the weighted average price of $165.55 per share, based on the closing price on the grant date.

Pursuant to the employee plan, these regular options may be exercised upon vesting, which is between 12 months and 48 months after the grant date, and will expire after 10 years.











13





Under the fair value method, the fair value of the regular options at the grant date was approximately $16 million. The weighted average fair value assumptions were approximately:

For the nine months ended September 30, 2016
Grant price
$165.55
Expected option life (years)(1)
5.25
Risk-free interest rate(2)
1.21%
Expected stock price volatility(3)
26.58%
Expected annual dividends per share(4)
$1.40
Expected forfeiture rate(5)
2.0%
Weighted-average grant date fair value per regular options granted during the period
$38.98
(1) Represents the period of time that awards are expected to be outstanding. Historical data on exercise behaviour, or when available, specific expectations regarding future exercise behaviour, were used to estimate the expected life of the option.
(2) Based on the implied yield available on zero-coupon government issues with an equivalent remaining term at the time of the grant.
(3) Based on the historical stock price volatility of the Company’s stock over a period commensurate with the expected term of the option.
(4) Determined by the current annual dividend at the time of grant. The Company does not employ different dividend yields throughout the contractual term of the option. On April 20, 2016, the Company announced an increase in its quarterly dividend to $0.50 per share, representing $2.00 on an annual basis.
(5) The Company estimated forfeitures based on past experience. This rate is monitored on a periodic basis.

Performance share unit (“PSU”) plan

In the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company issued 147,157 PSUs with a grant date fair value of approximately $24 million. These units attract dividend equivalents in the form of additional units based on the dividends paid on the Company’s Common Shares. PSUs vest and are settled in cash, or in CP Common Shares, approximately three years after the grant date, contingent upon CP’s performance ("performance factor"). The fair value of PSUs is measured periodically until settlement, using a latticed-based valuation model.

The performance period for PSUs issued in the nine months ended September 30, 2016 is January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018. The performance factors for these PSUs are Operating Ratio, Return on Invested Capital, Total Shareholder Return ("TSR") compared to the S&P/TSX 60 Index, and TSR compared to Class I railways.

The performance period for the PSUs issued in the fourth quarter of 2012 and in 2013 was January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015. The performance factors for these PSUs were Operating Ratio, Free cash flow, TSR compared to the S&P/TSX 60 index, TSR compared to Class I railways. All performance factors met the 200% payout thresholds, in effect resulting in a target payout of 200% on 300,095 total outstanding awards as at December 31, 2015. A payout of $79 million on 217,179 outstanding awards occurred on December 31, 2015 and was calculated using the Company's average share price using the last 30 trading days preceding December 31, 2015. In the first quarter of 2016, final payouts occurred on the total outstanding awards, including dividends reinvested, totaling $31 million on 83,563 outstanding awards.

Deferred share unit (“DSU”) plan

In the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company granted 27,400 DSUs with a grant date fair value of approximately $5 million. DSUs vest over various periods of up to 48 months and are only redeemable for a specified period after employment is terminated. An expense to income for DSUs is recognized over the vesting period for both the initial subscription price and the change in value between reporting periods.


















14





12    Pension and other benefits

In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company made contributions of $4 million and $38 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - $20 million and $61 million, respectively), to its defined benefit pension plans. The elements of net periodic benefit cost for defined benefit pension plans and other benefits recognized in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 included the following components:

For the three months ended September 30

Pensions

Other benefits
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
2016

2015

2016

2015
Current service cost (benefits earned by employees in the period)
$
26


$
31


$
2


$
3

Interest cost on benefit obligation
117


116


6


6

Expected return on fund assets
(211
)

(201
)




Recognized net actuarial loss
48


66


1



Amortization of prior service costs
(2
)

(2
)




Net periodic (recovery) benefit cost
$
(22
)

$
10


$
9


$
9



For the nine months ended September 30

Pensions

Other benefits
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
2016

2015

2016

2015
Current service cost (benefits earned by employees in the period)
$
79


$
95


$
8


$
9

Interest cost on benefit obligation
350


347


16


16

Expected return on fund assets
(634
)

(614
)




Recognized net actuarial loss
143


198


3


2

Amortization of prior service costs
(5
)

(5
)




Net periodic (recovery) benefit cost
$
(67
)

$
21


$
27


$
27


13    Contingencies

In the normal course of its operations, the Company becomes involved in various legal actions, including claims relating to injuries and damage to property. The Company maintains provisions it considers to be adequate for such actions. While the final outcome with respect to actions outstanding or pending at September 30, 2016 cannot be predicted with certainty, it is the opinion of management that their resolution will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

Legal proceedings related to Lac-Mégantic rail accident

On July 6, 2013, a train carrying crude oil operated by Montreal Maine and Atlantic Railway (“MMA”) or a subsidiary, Montreal Maine & Atlantic Canada Co. (“MMAC” and collectively the “MMA Group”) derailed and exploded in Lac-Mégantic, Quebec. The accident occurred on a section of railway owned by the MMA Group. The previous day CP had interchanged the train to the MMA Group, and after the interchange, the MMA Group exclusively controlled the train.
Following this incident, Quebec's Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment, Wildlife and Parks (the "Minister") ordered the named parties to recover the contaminants and to clean up the derailment site. On August 14, 2013, the Minister added CP as a party (the “Amended Cleanup Order”). CP appealed the Amended Cleanup Order to the Administrative Tribunal of Quebec. Those proceedings are pending. Directly related to that matter, on July 6, 2015, the Province of Quebec sued CP in Quebec Superior Court claiming $409 million in derailment damages, including cleanup costs. The province alleges that CP exercised custody or control over the crude oil lading and that CP was otherwise negligent. Therefore, CP is said to be solidarily (joint and severally) liable with third parties responsible for the accident. The province’s lawsuit was stayed until September 12, 2016, but has since been reactivated. The province has filed a motion for leave to amend its complaint, which motion will be heard by the court on November 8, 2016. Otherwise, no timetable governing the conduct of this lawsuit has been ordered by the Quebec Superior Court. On July 5, 2016, the Minister served a Notice of Claim for nearly $95 million of compensation spent on cleanup, alleging that CP refused or neglected to undertake the work. On September 6, 2016, CP filed a contestation of the Notice of Claim with the Administrative Tribunal of Quebec. These proceedings appear to be duplicative of the administrative proceedings.
A class action lawsuit has also been filed in the Quebec Superior Court on behalf of persons and entities residing in, owning or leasing property in, operating a business in or physically present in Lac-Mégantic at the time of the derailment (the “Class Action”). That lawsuit seeks derailment damages, including for wrongful death, personal injury, and property harm. On August 16, 2013, CP

15





was added as a defendant. On May 8, 2015, the Quebec Superior Court authorized (certified) the Class Action against CP, the shipper - Western Petroleum, and the shipper’s parent - World Fuel Services (collectively, the “World Fuel Entities”). The World Fuel Entities have since settled. The plaintiffs filed a motion for leave to amend their complaint, which motion will be heard by the court on November 10, 2016. Otherwise, the court has set no timetable to govern the conduct of this lawsuit.
On July 4, 2016, eight subrogated insurers served CP with claims of approximately $16 million. On July 11, 2016, two additional subrogated insurers served CP with claims of approximately $3 million. The lawsuits do not identify the parties to which the insurers are subrogated, and therefore the extent of claim overlap and the extent that claims will be satisfied after proof of claim review and distribution from the Plans, referred to below, is difficult to determine.
In the wake of the derailment and ensuing litigation, MMAC filed for bankruptcy in Canada (the “Canadian Proceeding”) and MMA filed for bankruptcy in the United States (the “U.S. Proceeding”). Plans of arrangement have been approved in both the Canadian Proceeding and the U.S. Proceeding (the “Plans”). These Plans provide for the distribution of a fund of approximately $440 million amongst those claiming derailment damages. The Plans also provide settling parties broadly worded third-party releases and injunctions preventing lawsuits against settlement contributors. CP has not settled and therefore will not benefit from those provisions. Both Plans do, however, contain judgment reduction provisions, affording CP a credit for the greater of (i) the settlement monies received by the plaintiff(s), or (ii) the amount, in contribution or indemnity, that CP would have been entitled to charge against third parties other than MMA and MMAC, but for the Plans' releases and injunctions. CP may also have judgment reduction rights, as part of the contribution/indemnification credit, for the fault of the MMA Group. Finally, the Plans provide for a potential re-allocation of the MMA Group’s liability among plaintiffs and CP, the only non-settling party.
An Adversary Proceeding filed by the MMA U.S. bankruptcy trustee (now, estate representative) against CP, Irving Oil, and the World Fuel Entities accuses CP of failing to ensure that World Fuel Entities or Irving Oil properly classified the oil lading and of not refusing to ship the misclassified oil as packaged. The estate representative has since settled with the World Fuel Entities and Irving Oil and now bases CP misfeasance on the railroad’s failure to abide in North Dakota by a Canadian regulation. That regulation supposedly would have caused the railroads to not move the crude oil train because an inaccurate classification was supposedly suspected. In a recently amended complaint, the estate representative named a CP affiliate, Soo Line Railroad Company ("Soo Line"), and asserts that CP and Soo Line breached terms or warranties allegedly contained in the bill of lading.
In response to one of CP’s motions to withdraw the Adversary Proceedings bankruptcy reference, the estate representative maintained that Canadian law rather than U.S. law controlled. The Article III court that heard the motion found that if U.S. federal regulations governed, the case was not complex enough to warrant withdrawal. Before the bankruptcy court, CP moved to dismiss for want of personal jurisdiction, but the court denied the motion because CP had participated in the bankruptcy proceedings. CP and Soo Line will respond to the estate representative's recently amended complaint during the fourth quarter of 2016.
Lac-Mégantic residents and wrongful death representatives commenced a class action and a mass action in Texas and wrongful death and personal injury actions in Illinois and Maine. CP removed all of these lawsuits to federal court, and a federal court thereafter consolidated those cases in Maine. These actions generally charge CP with misclassification and mis-packaging (that is, using inappropriate DOT-111 tank cars) negligence. On CP's motion, made on September 28, 2016, the Maine court dismissed all wrongful death and personal injury actions on several grounds. If the ruling is upheld on any appeal that might be brought, these cases will be litigated, if anywhere, in Canada.
CP has received two damage to cargo notices of claims from the shipper of the oil, Western Petroleum. Western Petroleum submitted U.S. and Canadian notices of claims for the same damages and under the Carmack Amendment (49 U.S.C. Section 11706) Western Petroleum seeks to recover for all injuries associated with, and indemnification for, the derailment. Both jurisdictions permit a shipper to recover the value of damaged lading against any carrier in the delivery chain, subject to limitations in the carrier’s tariffs. CP’s tariffs significantly restrict shipper damage claim rights. Western Petroleum is part of the World Fuel Services Entities, and those companies settled with the trustee.
On April 12, 2016, Trustee (the “WD Trustee”) for a wrongful death trust (the “WD Trust”), as defined and established under the confirmed Plans, sued CP in North Dakota federal court, asserting Carmack Amendment claims. The WD Trustee maintains that the estate representative assigned Carmack Amendment claims to the WD Trustee. The Plan supposedly gave the estate representative Carmack Amendment assignment rights. The WD Trustee seeks to recover losses associated with the lost lading (approximately $6 million), as well as the settlement amounts the consignor (i.e, the shipper, the World Fuel Entities) and the consignee (Irving Oil) paid to the bankruptcy estates, alleged to be $110 million and $60 million, respectively. The WD Trustee maintains that Carmack Amendment liability extends beyond lading losses to cover all derailment related damages suffered by the World Fuel Entities or Irving Oil. CP disputes this interpretation of Carmack Amendment exposure and maintains that CP’s tariffs preclude anything except a minimal recovery. Canadian Pacific Railway Limited and Soo Line Corporation, both non-carriers, have moved to dismiss the Carmack Amendment claims, which only apply to common carriers.
At this early stage of the proceedings, any potential responsibility and the quantum of potential losses cannot be determined. Nevertheless, CP denies liability and intends to vigorously defend against all derailment-related proceedings.



16





Legal proceedings initiated by Canadian National Railway Company

On July 28, 2016, the Company announced that CP and Canadian National Railway Company (“CN”) agreed to settle an outstanding lawsuit commenced by CN in August 2015 against CP, certain of its employees and an officer, alleging misuse of confidential information, without any admission of liability on the part of the Company. The terms of the settlement are confidential.

Environmental liabilities

Environmental remediation accruals, recorded on an undiscounted basis unless a reliable, determinable estimate as to an amount and timing of costs can be established, cover site-specific remediation programs.

The accruals for environmental remediation represent CP’s best estimate of its probable future obligation and include both asserted and unasserted claims, without reduction for anticipated recoveries from third parties. Although the recorded accruals include CP’s best estimate of all probable costs, CP’s total environmental remediation costs cannot be predicted with certainty. Accruals for environmental remediation may change from time to time as new information about previously untested sites becomes known, and as environmental laws and regulations evolve and advances are made in environmental remediation technology. The accruals may also vary as the courts decide legal proceedings against outside parties responsible for contamination. These potential charges, which cannot be quantified at this time, are not expected to be material to CP’s financial position, but may materially affect income in the particular period in which a charge is recognized. Costs related to existing, but as yet unknown, or future contamination will be accrued in the period in which they become probable and reasonably estimable.

The expense included in “Purchased services and other” for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 was $1 million and $3 million, respectively (three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 - $1 million and $7 million, respectively). Provisions for environmental remediation costs are recorded in “Other long-term liabilities”, except for the current portion which is recorded in “Accounts payable and accrued liabilities”. The total amount provided at September 30, 2016 was $85 million (December 31, 2015 - $93 million). Payments are expected to be made over 10 years through 2026.

14 Condensed consolidating financial information

Canadian Pacific Railway Company, a 100%-owned subsidiary of Canadian Pacific Railway Limited (“CPRL”), is the issuer of certain debt securities, which are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by CPRL. The following tables present condensed consolidating financial information (“CCFI”) in accordance with Rule 3-10(c) of Regulation S-X.

Investments in subsidiaries are accounted for under the equity method when presenting the CCFI.

The tables include all adjustments necessary to reconcile the CCFI on a consolidated basis to CPRL’s consolidated financial statements for the periods presented.


17





Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income
For the three months ended September 30, 2016    
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated

Revenues





Freight
$

$
1,078

$
432

$

$
1,510

Non-freight

35

95

(86
)
44

Total revenues

1,113

527

(86
)
1,554

Operating expenses










Compensation and benefits

181

111

2

294

Fuel

111

27


138

Materials

30

6

3

39

Equipment rents

48

(5
)

43

Depreciation and amortization

102

53


155

Purchased services and other

170

149

(91
)
228

Total operating expenses

642

341

(86
)
897

Operating income

471

186


657

Less:










Other income and charges
12

61

(2
)

71

Net interest (income) expense
(9
)
131

(6
)

116

(Loss) income before income tax expense and equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
(3
)
279

194


470

Less: Income tax expense
9

73

41


123

Add: Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
359

153


(512
)

Net income
$
347

$
359

$
153

$
(512
)
$
347


18





Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income
For the three months ended September 30, 2015                    
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated

Revenues





Freight
$

$
1,127

$
540

$

$
1,667

Non-freight

33

91

(82
)
42

Total revenues

1,160

631

(82
)
1,709

Operating expenses










Compensation and benefits

251

101


352

Fuel

122

40


162

Materials

38

9


47

Equipment rents

44

(2
)

42

Depreciation and amortization

102

47


149

Purchased services and other

179

175

(82
)
272

Gain on sale of Delaware & Hudson South


(68
)

(68
)
Total operating expenses

736

302

(82
)
956

Operating income

424

329


753

Less:










Other income and charges
29

162

(23
)

168

Net interest (income) expense
(3
)
119

(13
)

103

(Loss) income before income tax expense and equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
(26
)
143

365


482

Less: Income tax (recovery) expense
(4
)
50

113


159

Add: Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
345

252


(597
)

Net income
$
323

$
345

$
252

$
(597
)
$
323































19





Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income
For the nine months ended September 30, 2016
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated

Revenues





Freight
$

$
3,182

$
1,282

$

$
4,464

Non-freight

101

289

(259
)
131

Total revenues

3,283

1,571

(259
)
4,595

Operating expenses










Compensation and benefits

563

339

5

907

Fuel

317

77


394

Materials

95

24

14

133

Equipment rents

155

(23
)

132

Depreciation and amortization

316

162


478

Purchased services and other

499

469

(278
)
690

Total operating expenses

1,945

1,048

(259
)
2,734

Operating income

1,338

523


1,861

Less:










Other income and charges
(61
)
(89
)
31


(119
)
Net interest expense (income)

373

(18
)

355

Income before income tax expense and equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
61

1,054

510


1,625

Less: Income tax expense
12

254

144


410

Add: Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
1,166

366


(1,532
)

Net income
$
1,215

$
1,166

$
366

$
(1,532
)
$
1,215

































20





Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income
For the nine months ended September 30, 2015    
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated

Revenues





Freight
$

$
3,377

$
1,530

$

$
4,907

Non-freight

96

270

(248
)
118

Total revenues

3,473

1,800

(248
)
5,025

Operating expenses










Compensation and benefits

711

327


1,038

Fuel

417

125


542

Materials

116

28


144

Equipment rents

132

(2
)

130

Depreciation and amortization

306

134


440

Purchased services and other

513

523

(248
)
788

Gain on sale of Delaware & Hudson South


(68
)

(68
)
Total operating expenses

2,195

1,067

(248
)
3,014

Operating income

1,278

733


2,011

Less:










Other income and charges
44

240

(48
)

236

Net interest (income) expense
(3
)
313

(38
)

272

(Loss) income before income tax expense and equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
(41
)
725

819


1,503

Less: Income tax (recovery) expense
(6
)
210

266


470

Add: Equity in net earnings of subsidiaries
1,068

553


(1,621
)

Net income
$
1,033

$
1,068

$
553

$
(1,621
)
$
1,033































21





Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income
For the three months ended September 30, 2016                
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated

Net income
$
347

$
359

$
153

$
(512
)
$
347

Net (loss) gain in foreign currency translation
adjustments, net of hedging activities

(70
)
63


(7
)
Change in derivatives designated as cash flow
hedges

1



1

Change in pension and post-retirement defined
benefit plans

45

2


47

Other comprehensive (loss) income before
income taxes

(24
)
65


41

Income tax expense on above items

(3
)


(3
)
Equity accounted investments
38

65


(103
)

Other comprehensive income
38

38

65

(103
)
38

Comprehensive income
$
385

$
397

$
218

$
(615
)
$
385


Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income
For the three months ended September 30, 2015    
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated

Net income
$
323

$
345

$
252

$
(597
)
$
323

Net (loss) gain in foreign currency translation
adjustments, net of hedging activities

(291
)
258


(33
)
Change in derivatives designated as cash flow
hedges

(45
)


(45
)
Change in pension and post-retirement defined benefit plans

64

1


65

Other comprehensive (loss) income before income taxes

(272
)
259


(13
)
Income tax recovery on above items

33



33

Equity accounted investments
20

259


(279
)

Other comprehensive income
20

20

259

(279
)
20

Comprehensive income
$
343

$
365

$
511

$
(876
)
$
343
























22





Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income
For the nine months ended September 30, 2016                
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated

Net income
$
1,215

$
1,166

$
366

$
(1,532
)
$
1,215

Net gain (loss) in foreign currency translation
adjustments, net of hedging activities

260

(227
)

33

Change in derivatives designated as cash flow
hedges

(75
)


(75
)
Change in pension and post-retirement defined
benefit plans

131

6


137

Other comprehensive income (loss) before income taxes

316

(221
)

95

Income tax expense on above items

(49
)
(2
)

(51
)
Equity accounted investments
44

(223
)

179


Other comprehensive income (loss)
44

44

(223
)
179

44

Comprehensive income
$
1,259

$
1,210

$
143

$
(1,353
)
$
1,259


Interim Condensed Consolidating Statements of Comprehensive Income
For the nine months ended September 30, 2015    
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated

Net income
$
1,033

$
1,068

$
553

$
(1,621
)
$
1,033

Net (loss) gain in foreign currency translation
adjustments, net of hedging activities

(589
)
526


(63
)
Change in derivatives designated as cash flow
hedges

(78
)


(78
)
Change in pension and post-retirement defined benefit plans

198

5


203

Other comprehensive (loss) income before income taxes

(469
)
531


62

Income tax recovery (expense) on above items

46

(2
)

44

Equity accounted investments
106

529


(635
)

Other comprehensive income
106

106

529

(635
)
106

Comprehensive income
$
1,139

$
1,174

$
1,082

$
(2,256
)
$
1,139
























23





Interim Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets
As at September 30, 2016
(in millions of Canadian dollars)
CPRL (Parent Guarantor)

CPRC (Subsidiary Issuer)

Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries

Consolidating Adjustments and Eliminations

CPRL Consolidated