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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - iHeartMedia, Inc.ihm2016q2-exhibit322.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - iHeartMedia, Inc.ihm2016q2-exhibit321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - iHeartMedia, Inc.ihm2016q2-exhibit312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - iHeartMedia, Inc.ihm2016q2-exhibit311.htm
EX-11 - EXHIBIT 11 - iHeartMedia, Inc.ihm2016q2-exhibit11.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE
ACT OF 1934 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2016
 
 
[   ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE
ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM _________ TO __________
Commission File Number
000-53354
IHEARTMEDIA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
26-0241222
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
200 East Basse Road, Suite 100
San Antonio, Texas
 
78209
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(210) 822-2828
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes [X] No [   ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes [X] No [  ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer [   ]   Accelerated filer [   ]   Non-accelerated filer [X]  Smaller reporting company [   ]
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Class
 
Outstanding at August 2, 2016
 
 
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
 
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
 
 
Class A Common Stock, $.001 par value
 
31,227,442

(1) 
 
 
Class B Common Stock, $.001 par value
 
555,556

 
 
 
Class C Common Stock, $.001 par value
 
58,967,502

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1)    Outstanding Class A common stock includes 111,291 shares owned by a subsidiary



IHEARTMEDIA, INC.
INDEX
 
 
Page No.
Part I – Financial Information
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II – Other Information
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.




PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)
June 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
CURRENT ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
951,853

 
$
772,678

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $35,738 in 2016 and $34,889 in 2015
1,400,603

 
1,442,038

Prepaid expenses
215,002

 
189,055

Assets held for sale
55,053

 
295,075

Other current assets
80,300

 
79,269

Total Current Assets
2,702,811

 
2,778,115

PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
 
 
 
Structures, net
1,289,708

 
1,391,880

Other property, plant and equipment, net
778,839

 
820,676

INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
 
 
 
Indefinite-lived intangibles - licenses
2,414,540

 
2,413,483

Indefinite-lived intangibles - permits
961,347

 
971,327

Other intangibles, net
854,672

 
953,660

Goodwill
4,114,333

 
4,128,887

OTHER ASSETS
 
 
 
Other assets
225,117

 
215,087

Total Assets
$
13,341,367

 
$
13,673,115

CURRENT LIABILITIES
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
124,931

 
$
153,276

Accrued expenses
732,491

 
834,416

Accrued interest
283,185

 
279,100

Deferred income
254,912

 
210,924

Current portion of long-term debt
574,995

 
181,512

Total Current Liabilities
1,970,514

 
1,659,228

Long-term debt
20,209,674

 
20,539,099

Deferred income taxes
1,545,044

 
1,554,898

Other long-term liabilities
546,342

 
526,571

Commitments and contingent liabilities (Note 4)


 


SHAREHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest
161,273

 
177,615

Class A Common Stock, par value $.001 per share, authorized 400,000,000 shares, issued 31,592,841 and 30,295,457 shares in 2016 and 2015, respectively
31

 
30

Class B Common Stock, par value $.001 per share, authorized 150,000,000 shares, issued 555,556 shares in 2016 and 2015
1

 
1

Class C Common Stock, par value $.001 per share, authorized 100,000,000 shares, issued 58,967,502 shares in 2016 and 2015
59

 
59

Additional paid-in capital
2,069,162

 
2,068,949

Accumulated deficit
(12,804,420
)
 
(12,437,011
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(354,362
)
 
(414,407
)
Cost of shares (256,151 in 2016 and 229,824 in 2015) held in treasury
(1,951
)
 
(1,917
)
Total Shareholders' Deficit
(10,930,207
)
 
(10,606,681
)
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Deficit
$
13,341,367

 
$
13,673,115

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands, except share data)
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenue
$
1,618,532

 
$
1,599,859

 
$
2,982,037

 
$
2,944,423

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct operating expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
617,246

 
615,163

 
1,185,617

 
1,192,855

Selling, general and administrative expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
434,581

 
424,562

 
860,149

 
841,443

Corporate expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
87,650

 
80,295

 
165,529

 
157,717

Depreciation and amortization
162,144

 
168,394

 
317,600

 
338,847

Other operating income (expense), net
(64,190
)
 
100,754

 
220,273

 
91,780

Operating income
252,721

 
412,199

 
673,415

 
505,341

Interest expense
465,991

 
452,957

 
929,941

 
894,728

Equity in loss of nonconsolidated affiliates
(1,610
)
 
(690
)
 
(2,043
)
 
(359
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 

 
(2,201
)
Other income (expense), net
(34,019
)
 
16,211

 
(39,731
)
 
36,681

Loss before income taxes
(248,899
)
 
(25,237
)
 
(298,300
)
 
(355,266
)
Income tax expense
(27,137
)
 
(22,077
)
 
(36,630
)
 
(78,682
)
Consolidated net loss
(276,036
)
 
(47,314
)
 
(334,930
)
 
(433,948
)
Less amount attributable to noncontrolling interest
2,858

 
7,152

 
32,479

 
5,484

Net loss attributable to the Company
$
(278,894
)
 
$
(54,466
)
 
$
(367,409
)
 
$
(439,432
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
8,864

 
2,278

 
36,441

 
(79,881
)
Unrealized holding gain (loss) on marketable securities
(309
)
 
(133
)
 
(345
)
 
689

Reclassification adjustment for realized cumulative translation adjustments on sale of businesses included in Other operating income (expense), net
32,824

 

 
32,824

 

Other adjustments to comprehensive income (loss)
(3,745
)
 

 
(3,745
)
 
(1,154
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
37,634

 
2,145

 
65,175

 
(80,346
)
Comprehensive loss
(241,260
)
 
(52,321
)
 
(302,234
)
 
(519,778
)
Less amount attributable to noncontrolling interest
249

 
(4,287
)
 
5,130

 
(10,640
)
Comprehensive loss attributable to the Company
$
(241,509
)
 
$
(48,034
)
 
$
(307,364
)
 
$
(509,138
)
Net loss attributable to the Company per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(3.30
)
 
$
(0.65
)
 
$
(4.35
)
 
$
(5.22
)
Weighted average common shares outstanding - Basic
84,469

 
84,238

 
84,439

 
84,178

Diluted
$
(3.30
)
 
$
(0.65
)
 
$
(4.35
)
 
$
(5.22
)
Weighted average common shares outstanding - Diluted
84,469

 
84,238

 
84,439

 
84,178

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

2



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands)
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Consolidated net loss
$
(334,930
)
 
$
(433,948
)
Reconciling items:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
317,600

 
338,847

Deferred taxes
(10,371
)
 
14,988

Provision for doubtful accounts
13,337

 
12,848

Amortization of deferred financing charges and note discounts, net
34,540

 
31,494

Share-based compensation
6,879

 
4,927

Gain on disposal of operating and other assets
(223,381
)
 
(101,473
)
Equity in loss of nonconsolidated affiliates
2,043

 
359

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 
2,201

Other reconciling items, net
22,902

 
(37,125
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and dispositions:
 
 
 
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable
15,820

 
(73,764
)
Increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets
(23,656
)
 
(58,529
)
Decrease in accrued expenses
(80,772
)
 
(61,342
)
Decrease in accounts payable
(27,157
)
 
(6,126
)
Increase in accrued interest
21,049

 
50,620

Increase in deferred income
63,709

 
56,230

Changes in other operating assets and liabilities
20,738

 
20,187

Net cash used in operating activities
(181,650
)
 
(239,606
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(123,705
)
 
(124,877
)
Proceeds from disposal of assets
595,840

 
393,637

Purchases of other operating assets
(2,611
)
 
(3,970
)
Change in other, net
(32,664
)
 
(28,415
)
Net cash provided by investing activities
436,860

 
236,375

Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Draws on credit facilities

 
120,000

Payments on credit facilities
(1,157
)
 
(122,638
)
Proceeds from long-term debt
800

 
950,000

Payments on long-term debt
(2,181
)
 
(931,324
)
Payments to purchase noncontrolling interests

 
(42,564
)
Dividends and other payments to noncontrolling interests
(72,657
)
 
(28,099
)
Change in other, net
(1,118
)
 
(7,419
)
Net cash used for financing activities
(76,313
)
 
(62,044
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
278

 
(4,300
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
179,175

 
(69,575
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
772,678

 
457,024

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
951,853

 
$
387,449

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
873,701

 
$
808,354

Cash paid for taxes
27,756

 
24,465

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

3



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Preparation of Interim Financial Statements
All references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to iHeartMedia, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. The Company’s reportable segments are iHeartMedia (“iHM”), Americas outdoor advertising (“Americas outdoor” or “Americas outdoor advertising”) and International outdoor advertising (“International outdoor” or “International outdoor advertising”).
The accompanying consolidated financial statements were prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and, in the opinion of management, include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the results of the interim periods shown. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such SEC rules and regulations. Management believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. Due to seasonality and other factors, the results for the interim periods may not be indicative of results for the full year. The financial statements contained herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. Also included in the consolidated financial statements are entities for which the Company has a controlling financial interest or is the primary beneficiary. Investments in companies in which the Company owns 20% to 50% of the voting common stock or otherwise exercises significant influence over operating and financial policies of the company are accounted for under the equity method. All significant intercompany transactions are eliminated in the consolidation process. Certain prior-period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2016 presentation.
During the first quarter of 2016, the Company reevaluated its segment reporting and determined that its iHeartMedia Revenue Platform (iHMRP) business, an information technology group dedicated to system development, implementation and maintenance of the Company’s radio revenue platforms, should be managed by its Corporate leadership team. As a result, the operations of the iHMRP business are no longer reflected within the Other segment and are included in the results of its Corporate segment. Accordingly, the Company has recast the corresponding prior year segment disclosures to reflect the current year presentation.
New Accounting Pronouncements
During the second quarter of 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40): Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. This update provides U.S. GAAP guidance on management’s responsibility in evaluating whether there is substantial doubt about a company’s ability to continue as a going concern and about related footnote disclosures. For each reporting period, the Company will be required to evaluate whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about a company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the date the financial statements are issued. The amendments in this update are effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.

During the first quarter of 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, Consolidation (Topic 810), Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. This new standard eliminates the deferral of FAS 167, which has allowed entities with interest in certain investment funds to follow the previous consolidation guidance in FIN 46(R) and makes other changes to both the variable interest model and the voting model. The standard is effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2015.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
During the second quarter of 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. This update simplifies the presentation of debt issuance costs as a deduction from the carrying value of the outstanding debt balance rather than showing the debt issuance costs as an asset.  The standard is effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2015.  The retrospective adoption of this guidance resulted in the reclassification of debt issuance costs of $148.0 million as of December 31, 2015, which are now reflected as “Long-term debt fees” in Note 3.
During the third quarter of 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date. This update provides a one-year deferral of the effective date for ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts

4



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

with Customers.  ASU No. 2014-09 provides guidance for the recognition, measurement and disclosure of revenue resulting from contracts with customers and will supersede virtually all of the current revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP.  The standard is effective for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017.  The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
During the third quarter of 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-16, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments. This update eliminates the requirement for an acquirer in a business combination to account for measurement-period adjustments retrospectively. Instead, acquirers must recognize measurement-period adjustments during the period in which they determine the amounts, including the effect on earnings of any amounts they would have recorded in previous periods if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
During the first quarter of 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The new leasing standard presents significant changes to the balance sheets of lessees. Lessor accounting is updated to align with certain changes in the lessee model and the new revenue recognition standard which was issued in the third quarter of 2015. The standard is effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
During the second quarter of 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718). This update changes the accounting for certain aspects of share-based payments to employees. Income tax effects of share-based payment awards will be recognized in the income statement with the vesting or settlement of the awards and the record keeping for additional paid-in capital pools will no longer be necessary. Additionally, companies can make a policy election to either estimate forfeitures or recognize them as they occur. The standard is effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
During the second quarter of 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326). The new standard changes the impairment model for most financial assets and certain other instruments. Entities will be required to use a model that will result in the earlier recognition of allowances for losses for trade and other receivables, held-to-maturity debt securities, loans and other instruments. For available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses, the losses will be recognized as allowances rather than as reductions in the amortized cost of the securities. For an SEC filer, the standard is effective for annual periods, and for interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019.  The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of this new standard on its consolidated financial statements.
NOTE 2 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
Dispositions
On January 15, 2016, the Company and certain of the Company’s subsidiaries completed the final closing for the sale of six of the Company’s broadcast communication tower sites and related assets for approximately $5.5 million.  Simultaneous with the sale, the Company entered into lease agreements for the continued use of space on all six of the towers sold. The Company realized a net gain of $2.7 million, of which $1.9 million was deferred and will be recognized over the lease term. 
During the first quarter of 2016, Americas outdoor sold nine non-strategic outdoor markets including Cleveland and Columbus, Ohio, Des Moines, Iowa, Ft. Smith, Arkansas, Memphis, Tennessee, Portland, Oregon, Reno, Nevada, Seattle, Washington and Wichita, Kansas for net proceeds, which included cash and certain advertising assets in Florida, totaling $594.0 million.  The Company recognized a net gain of $280.0 million related to the sale, which is included within Other operating income (expense), net.
During the first quarter of 2016, Americas outdoor also entered into an agreement to sell its Indianapolis, Indiana market in exchange for certain assets in Atlanta, Georgia, plus approximately $41.2 million in cash. The transaction is subject to regulatory approval and is expected to close in 2016. This transaction has met the criteria to be classified as held-for-sale and as such, the related assets are separately presented on the face of the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

5



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

During the second quarter of 2016, International outdoor sold its business in Turkey. As a result, the Company recognized a net loss of $56.6 million, which includes $32.2 million in cumulative translation adjustments that were recognized upon the sale of the Company's subsidiaries in Turkey.
Property, Plant and Equipment
The Company’s property, plant and equipment consisted of the following classes of assets as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively:
(In thousands)
June 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Land, buildings and improvements
$
587,554

 
$
603,234

Structures
2,743,167

 
2,824,794

Towers, transmitters and studio equipment
346,620

 
347,877

Furniture and other equipment
605,515

 
591,149

Construction in progress
82,656

 
69,042

 
4,365,512

 
4,436,096

Less: accumulated depreciation
2,296,965

 
2,223,540

Property, plant and equipment, net
$
2,068,547

 
$
2,212,556

Intangible Assets
The Company’s indefinite-lived intangible assets consist of Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) broadcast licenses in its iHM segment and billboard permits in its Americas outdoor advertising segment. Due to significant differences in both business practices and regulations, billboards in the International outdoor segment are subject to long-term, finite contracts unlike the Company’s permits in the United States and Canada.  Accordingly, there are no indefinite-lived intangible assets in the International outdoor segment.
Other intangible assets include definite-lived intangible assets and permanent easements.  The Company’s definite-lived intangible assets primarily include transit and street furniture contracts, talent and representation contracts, customer and advertiser relationships, and site-leases and other contractual rights, all of which are amortized over the shorter of either the respective lives of the agreements or over the period of time the assets are expected to contribute directly or indirectly to the Company’s future cash flows. Permanent easements are indefinite-lived intangible assets which include certain rights to use real property not owned by the Company.  The Company periodically reviews the appropriateness of the amortization periods related to its definite-lived intangible assets.  These assets are recorded at cost.
The following table presents the gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization for each major class of other intangible assets as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively:
(In thousands)
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
Transit, street furniture and other outdoor
contractual rights
$
589,682

 
$
(428,504
)
 
$
635,772

 
$
(457,060
)
Customer / advertiser relationships
1,222,518

 
(951,966
)
 
1,222,518

 
(891,488
)
Talent contracts
319,384

 
(266,821
)
 
319,384

 
(252,526
)
Representation contracts
253,602

 
(223,464
)
 
239,142

 
(217,770
)
Permanent easements
157,436

 

 
156,349

 

Other
389,881

 
(207,076
)
 
394,983

 
(195,644
)
Total
$
2,932,503

 
$
(2,077,831
)
 
$
2,968,148

 
$
(2,014,488
)

6



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

Total amortization expense related to definite-lived intangible assets for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 was $56.8 million and $60.7 million, respectively. Total amortization expense related to definite-lived intangible assets for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 was $112.1 million and $123.6 million, respectively.
As acquisitions and dispositions occur in the future, amortization expense may vary.  The following table presents the Company’s estimate of amortization expense for each of the five succeeding fiscal years for definite-lived intangible assets:
(In thousands)
 
2017
$
199,630

2018
129,701

2019
46,925

2020
38,998

2021
33,114

Goodwill
The following table presents the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill in each of the Company’s reportable segments:
(In thousands)
iHM
 
Americas Outdoor Advertising
 
International Outdoor Advertising
 
Other
 
Consolidated
Balance as of December 31, 2014
$
3,288,481

 
$
584,574

 
$
232,538

 
$
81,831

 
$
4,187,424

Acquisitions

 

 
10,998

 

 
10,998

Foreign currency

 
(709
)
 
(19,644
)
 

 
(20,353
)
Assets held for sale
 
 
(49,182
)
 
 
 
 
 
(49,182
)
Balance as of December 31, 2015
$
3,288,481

 
$
534,683

 
$
223,892

 
$
81,831

 
$
4,128,887

Dispositions

 
(6,934
)
 

 

 
(6,934
)
Foreign currency

 
(1,393
)
 
3,999

 

 
2,606

Assets held for sale
 
 
(10,226
)
 
 
 
 
 
(10,226
)
Balance as of June 30, 2016
$
3,288,481

 
$
516,130

 
$
227,891

 
$
81,831

 
$
4,114,333


7



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 3 – LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt outstanding as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 consisted of the following:
(In thousands)
June 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Senior Secured Credit Facilities(1)
$
6,300,000

 
$
6,300,000

Receivables Based Credit Facility Due 2017(2)
230,000

 
230,000

9.0% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2019
1,999,815

 
1,999,815

9.0% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2021
1,750,000

 
1,750,000

11.25% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2021
575,000

 
575,000

9.0% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2022
1,000,000

 
1,000,000

10.625% Priority Guarantee Notes Due 2023
950,000

 
950,000

Subsidiary Revolving Credit Facility Due 2018(3)

 

Other secured subsidiary debt(4)
24,554

 
25,228

Total consolidated secured debt
12,829,369

 
12,830,043

 
 
 
 
14.0% Senior Notes Due 2021(5)
1,712,048

 
1,695,097

iHeartCommunications Legacy Notes(6)
667,900

 
667,900

10.0% Senior Notes Due 2018(7)
730,000

 
730,000

Subsidiary Senior Notes due 2022
2,725,000

 
2,725,000

Subsidiary Senior Subordinated Notes due 2020
2,200,000

 
2,200,000

Clear Channel International B.V. Senior Notes due 2020
225,000

 
225,000

Other subsidiary debt
13,604

 
165

Purchase accounting adjustments and original issue discount
(186,431
)
 
(204,611
)
Long-term debt fees
(131,821
)
 
(147,983
)
Total debt
20,784,669

 
20,720,611

Less: current portion
574,995

 
181,512

Total long-term debt
$
20,209,674

 
$
20,539,099

(1)
Term Loan D and Term Loan E mature in 2019.
(2)
The Receivables Based Credit Facility provides for borrowings up to the lesser of $535.0 million (the revolving credit commitment) or the borrowing base, subject to certain limitations contained in iHeartCommunications' material financing agreements.
(3)
The Subsidiary Revolving Credit Facility provides for borrowings up to $75.0 million (the revolving credit commitment).
(4)
Other secured subsidiary debt matures at various dates from 2016 through 2045.
(5)
The 14.0% Senior Notes due 2021 are subject to required payments at various dates from 2018 through 2021. 2.0% per annum of the interest is paid through the issuance of payment-in-kind notes in the first and third quarters.
(6)
iHeartCommunications' Legacy Notes, all of which were issued prior to the acquisition of iHeartCommunications by the Company in 2008, consist of Senior Notes maturing at various dates in 2016, 2018 and 2027.
(7)
On July 15, 2016, Broader Media, LLC, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, repurchased approximately $383.0 million aggregate principal amount of iHeartCommunications’ 10.0% Senior Notes due 2018 for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $222.2 million. The principal amount of repurchased notes has been classified as current portion of long-term debt on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2016.

The Company’s weighted average interest rate as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 was 8.5%. The aggregate market value of the Company’s debt based on market prices for which quotes were available was approximately $15.7 billion and $15.2 billion as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. Under the fair value hierarchy established by ASC 820-10-35, the market value of the Company’s debt is classified as either Level 1 or Level 2.

8



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

Surety Bonds, Letters of Credit and Guarantees
As of June 30, 2016, the Company and its subsidiaries had outstanding surety bonds, commercial standby letters of credit and bank guarantees of $60.7 million, $98.0 million and $55.8 million, respectively. Bank guarantees of $26.7 million were backed by cash collateral. These surety bonds, letters of credit and bank guarantees relate to various operational matters including insurance, bid, concession and performance bonds as well as other items.
NOTE 4 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
The Company and its subsidiaries are involved in certain legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business and, as required, have accrued an estimate of the probable costs for the resolution of those claims for which the occurrence of loss is probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. These estimates have been developed in consultation with counsel and are based upon an analysis of potential results, assuming a combination of litigation and settlement strategies. It is possible, however, that future results of operations for any particular period could be materially affected by changes in the Company’s assumptions or the effectiveness of the Company’s strategies related to these proceedings. Additionally, due to the inherent uncertainty of litigation, there can be no assurance that the resolution of any particular claim or proceeding would not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.
Although the Company is involved in a variety of legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business, a large portion of the Company’s litigation arises in the following contexts: commercial disputes; defamation matters; employment and benefits related claims; governmental fines; intellectual property claims; and tax disputes.
International Outdoor Investigation
On April 21, 2015, inspections were conducted at the premises of Clear Channel in Denmark and Sweden as part of an investigation by Danish competition authorities. Additionally, on the same day, Clear Channel UK received a communication from the UK competition authorities, also in connection with the investigation by Danish competition authorities. Clear Channel and its affiliates are cooperating with the national competition authorities.
Stockholder Litigation
On May 9, 2016, a stockholder of Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings, Inc. ("CCOH") filed a derivative lawsuit in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, captioned GAMCO Asset Management Inc. v. iHeartMedia Inc. et al., C.A. No. 12312-VCS. The complaint names as defendants the Company, iHeartCommunications, Inc. ("iHeartCommunications"), an indirect subsidiary of the Company, Bain Capital Partners, LLC and Thomas H. Lee Partners, L.P. (together, the "Sponsor Defendants"), the Company's private equity sponsors and majority owners, and the members of CCOH's board of directors. CCOH also is named as a nominal defendant. The complaint alleges that the defendants have breached their fiduciary duties by causing CCOH to: (i) continue to loan cash to iHeartCommunications under the intercompany note at below-market rates; (ii) abandon its growth and acquisition strategies in favor of transactions that would provide cash to the Company and iHeartCommunications; (iii) issue new debt in the CCIBV note offering (the "CCIBV Note Offering") to provide cash to the Company and iHeartCommunications through a dividend; and (iv) effect the sales of certain outdoor markets in the U.S. (the "Outdoor Asset Sales") allegedly to provide cash to the Company and iHeartCommunications through a dividend. The complaint also alleges that the Company, iHeartCommunications and the Sponsor Defendants aided and abetted the directors' breaches of their fiduciary duties. The complaint further alleges that the Company, iHeartCommunications and the Sponsor Defendants were unjustly enriched as a result of these transactions and that these transactions constituted a waste of corporate assets for which the defendants are liable to CCOH. The plaintiff is seeking, among other things, a ruling that the defendants breached their fiduciary duties to CCOH and that the Company, iHeartCommunications and the Sponsor Defendants aided and abetted the CCOH board of directors' breaches of fiduciary duty, rescission of payments made by CCOH to iHeartCommunications and its affiliates pursuant to dividends declared in connection with the CCIBV Note Offering and Outdoor Asset Sales, and an order requiring the Company, iHeartCommunications and the Sponsor Defendants to disgorge all profits they have received as a result of the alleged fiduciary misconduct.
On May 26, 2016, the plaintiff filed a motion seeking expedited discovery and an expedited trial on certain counts of its complaint. On June 27, 2016, the court denied the motion for an expedited trial and discovery, and on July 12, 2016, the parties stipulated to a schedule that would allow for a decision on the defendants' forthcoming motion to dismiss by mid-September and a trial, if necessary, beginning February 27, 2017. On July 20, 2016, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss.


9



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 5 – INCOME TAXES
Income Tax Expense
The Company’s income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, consisted of the following components:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Current tax expense
$
(36,252
)
 
$
(23,309
)
 
$
(47,001
)
 
$
(63,694
)
Deferred tax benefit (expense)
9,115

 
1,232

 
10,371

 
(14,988
)
Income tax expense
$
(27,137
)
 
$
(22,077
)
 
$
(36,630
)
 
$
(78,682
)
The effective tax rates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 were (10.9)% and (12.3)%, respectively. The effective tax rates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 were (87.5)% and (22.2)%, respectively. The 2016 and 2015 effective tax rates were primarily impacted by the valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets resulting from current period net operating losses in U.S. federal, state and certain foreign jurisdictions due to uncertainty regarding the Company's ability to realize those assets in future periods.

10



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 6 – SHAREHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
The Company reports its noncontrolling interests in consolidated subsidiaries as a component of equity separate from the Company’s equity.  The following table shows the changes in shareholders' deficit attributable to the Company and the noncontrolling interests of subsidiaries in which the Company has a majority, but not total, ownership interest:
(In thousands)
The Company
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Consolidated
Balance as of January 1, 2016
$
(10,784,296
)
 
$
177,615

 
$
(10,606,681
)
Net income (loss)
(367,409
)
 
32,479

 
(334,930
)
Dividends declared and other payments to noncontrolling interests

 
(60,208
)
 
(60,208
)
Share-based compensation
1,436

 
5,443

 
6,879

Foreign currency translation adjustments
34,803

 
1,638

 
36,441

Unrealized holding loss on marketable securities
(310
)
 
(35
)
 
(345
)
Reclassification adjustment for realized cumulative translation adjustments on sale of businesses included in Other operating income (expense), net
28,919

 
3,905

 
32,824

Other adjustments to comprehensive loss
(3,367
)
 
(378
)
 
(3,745
)
Other, net
(1,256
)
 
814

 
(442
)
Balances as of June 30, 2016
$
(11,091,480
)
 
$
161,273

 
$
(10,930,207
)
(In thousands)
The Company
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Consolidated
Balance as of January 1, 2015
$
(9,889,348
)
 
$
224,140

 
$
(9,665,208
)
Net loss
(439,432
)
 
5,484

 
(433,948
)
Dividends declared and other payments to noncontrolling interests

 
(28,099
)
 
(28,099
)
Purchase of additional noncontrolling interests
(40,742
)
 
(1,822
)
 
(42,564
)
Share-based compensation
1,198

 
3,729

 
4,927

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(69,288
)
 
(10,593
)
 
(79,881
)
Unrealized holding gain on marketable securities
618

 
71

 
689

Other adjustments to comprehensive loss
(1,036
)
 
(118
)
 
(1,154
)
Other, net
(223
)
 
4,685

 
4,462

Balances as of June 30, 2015
$
(10,438,253
)
 
$
197,477

 
$
(10,240,776
)
The Company has granted restricted stock and CCOH has granted restricted stock, restricted stock units and options to purchase shares of their respective Class A common stock to certain key individuals.
NOTE 7 — OTHER INFORMATION
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The total (decrease) increase in deferred income tax liabilities of other adjustments to comprehensive loss for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 were $0.8 million and $0.0 million respectively. The total (decrease) increase in deferred income tax liabilities of other adjustments to comprehensive loss for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 were $0.8 million and $(0.6) million respectively.
Barter and Trade
Barter and trade revenues and expenses are included in consolidated revenue and selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively.  Barter and trade revenues were $28.8 million and $24.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $75.1 million and $57.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.  Barter and trade

11



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

expenses were $22.9 million and $25.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $57.2 million and $53.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Barter and trade revenues include $4.9 million and $16.7 million of revenue recognized in connection with advertising provided in the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively, in exchange for investments in certain non-public companies in the fourth quarter of 2015. There is no offsetting barter expense associated with these non-cash transactions.
NOTE 8 – SEGMENT DATA
The Company’s reportable segments, which it believes best reflect how the Company is currently managed, are iHM, Americas outdoor advertising and International outdoor advertising.  Revenue and expenses earned and charged between segments are recorded at estimated fair value and eliminated in consolidation.  The iHM segment provides media and entertainment services via broadcast and digital delivery and also includes the Company’s events and national syndication businesses.  The Americas outdoor advertising segment consists of operations primarily in the United States, Canada and Latin America.  The International outdoor advertising segment primarily includes operations in Europe, Asia and Australia.  The Other category includes the Company’s media representation business as well as other general support services and initiatives that are ancillary to the Company’s other businesses.  Corporate includes infrastructure and support, including information technology, human resources, legal, finance and administrative functions for each of the Company’s reportable segments, as well as overall executive, administrative and support functions. Share-based payments are recorded in corporate expense.

12



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

During the first quarter of 2016, the Company revised its segment reporting as discussed in Note 1. The following table presents the Company's reportable segment results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015:
(In thousands)
iHM
 
Americas Outdoor
 
International Outdoor
 
Other
 
Corporate and other reconciling items
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016
Revenue
$
867,914

 
$
325,533

 
$
386,613

 
$
39,066

 
$

 
$
(594
)
 
$
1,618,532

Direct operating expenses
250,367

 
140,038

 
226,023

 
818

 

 

 
617,246

Selling, general and administrative expenses
271,719

 
57,831

 
77,736

 
27,889

 

 
(594
)
 
434,581

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 
87,650

 

 
87,650

Depreciation and amortization
62,998

 
47,525

 
38,177

 
4,710

 
8,734

 

 
162,144

Other operating expense, net

 

 

 

 
(64,190
)
 

 
(64,190
)
Operating income (loss)
$
282,830

 
$
80,139

 
$
44,677

 
$
5,649

 
$
(160,574
)
 
$

 
$
252,721

Intersegment revenues
$

 
$
594

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
594

Capital expenditures
$
14,275

 
$
17,402

 
$
31,771

 
$
1,111

 
$
2,367

 
$

 
$
66,926

Share-based compensation expense
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,785

 
$

 
$
3,785

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2015
Revenue
$
840,701

 
$
341,286

 
$
381,533

 
$
37,401

 
$

 
$
(1,062
)
 
$
1,599,859

Direct operating expenses
241,826

 
149,712

 
222,630

 
995

 

 

 
615,163

Selling, general and administrative expenses
266,225

 
57,346

 
75,176

 
26,877

 

 
(1,062
)
 
424,562

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 
80,295

 

 
80,295

Depreciation and amortization
59,566

 
51,113

 
40,956

 
6,149

 
10,610

 

 
168,394

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 
100,754

 

 
100,754

Operating income
$
273,084

 
$
83,115

 
$
42,771

 
$
3,380

 
$
9,849

 
$

 
$
412,199

Intersegment revenues
$

 
$
1,062

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,062

Capital expenditures
$
16,862

 
$
15,664

 
$
31,752

 
$
649

 
$
3,495

 
$

 
$
68,422

Share-based compensation expense
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,403

 
$

 
$
2,403


13



IHEARTMEDIA, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

(In thousands)
iHM
 
Americas Outdoor
 
International Outdoor
 
Other
 
Corporate and other reconciling items
 
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
Revenue
$
1,606,800

 
$
608,061

 
$
694,806

 
$
73,249

 
$

 
$
(879
)
 
$
2,982,037

Direct operating expenses
474,429

 
278,050

 
431,705

 
1,433

 

 

 
1,185,617

Selling, general and administrative expenses
543,732

 
113,160

 
149,208

 
54,928

 

 
(879
)
 
860,149

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 
165,529

 

 
165,529

Depreciation and amortization
121,815

 
93,641

 
76,057

 
8,326

 
17,761

 

 
317,600

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 
220,273

 

 
220,273

Operating income
$
466,824

 
$
123,210

 
$
37,836

 
$
8,562

 
$
36,983

 
$

 
$
673,415

Intersegment revenues
$

 
$
879

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
879

Capital expenditures
$
23,065

 
$
28,694

 
$
66,684

 
$
1,176

 
$
4,086

 
$

 
$
123,705

Share-based compensation expense
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
6,879

 
$

 
$
6,879

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
Revenue
$
1,538,502

 
$
637,149

 
$
700,713

 
$
70,222

 
$

 
$
(2,163
)
 
$
2,944,423

Direct operating expenses
455,655

 
295,946

 
439,367

 
1,887

 

 

 
1,192,855

Selling, general and administrative expenses
527,305

 
112,983

 
146,669

 
56,649

 

 
(2,163
)
 
841,443

Corporate expenses

 

 

 

 
157,717

 

 
157,717

Depreciation and amortization
120,301

 
101,453

 
83,397

 
12,472

 
21,224

 

 
338,847

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 
91,780

 

 
91,780

Operating income (loss)
$
435,241

 
$
126,767

 
$
31,280

 
$
(786
)
 
$
(87,161
)
 
$

 
$
505,341

Intersegment revenues
$

 
$
2,163

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,163

Capital expenditures
$
29,680

 
$
32,359

 
$
56,857

 
$
795

 
$
5,186

 
$

 
$
124,877

Share-based compensation expense
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,927

 
$

 
$
4,927


NOTE 9 – CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
The Company is a party to a management agreement with certain affiliates of the Sponsors and certain other parties pursuant to which such affiliates of the Sponsors will provide management and financial advisory services until 2018. These agreements require management fees to be paid to such affiliates of the Sponsors for such services at a rate not greater than $15.0 million per year, plus reimbursable expenses. For the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized management fees and reimbursable expenses of $3.8 million and $3.9 million, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized management fees and reimbursable expenses of $7.6 million and $7.8 million, respectively.
On July 15, 2016, Broader Media, LLC, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Broader Media”), repurchased from unaffiliated third parties approximately $285.0 million aggregate principal amount of iHeartCommunications’ 10.0% Senior Notes due 2018 (the “2018 Notes”) for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $165.3 million (the “Third Party Transaction”).  On the same day, Broader Media repurchased an additional $98.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2018 Notes from investment firms affiliated with David C. Abrams, a member of our Board of Directors for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $56.9 million (the “Abrams Transaction”).  The Abrams Transaction was made at the same price and on terms substantially similar to those of the Third Party Transaction.  In accordance with our related party transaction policy, the Abrams Transaction was approved by a majority of the disinterested directors on our Board.

14



ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Format of Presentation
Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related footnotes contained in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.  Our discussion is presented on both a consolidated and segment basis. Our reportable segments are iHeartMedia (“iHM”), Americas outdoor advertising (“Americas outdoor” or “Americas outdoor advertising”) and International outdoor advertising (“International outdoor” or “International outdoor advertising”). Our iHM segment provides media and entertainment services via live broadcast and digital delivery, and also includes our national syndication business. Our Americas outdoor and International outdoor segments provide outdoor advertising services in their respective geographic regions using various digital and traditional display types. Included in the “Other” category are our media representation business, Katz Media Group, as well as other general support services and initiatives, which are ancillary to our other businesses.
We manage our operating segments primarily focusing on their operating income, while Corporate expenses, Other operating income (expense), net, Interest expense, Gain on marketable securities, Equity in earnings (loss) of nonconsolidated affiliates, Loss on extinguishment of debt, Other income, net and Income tax expense are managed on a total company basis and are, therefore, included only in our discussion of consolidated results.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the 2016 presentation.
Our iHM strategy centers on delivering entertaining and informative content across multiple platforms, including broadcast, mobile and digital, as well as events. Our primary source of revenue is derived from selling local and national advertising time on our radio stations, with contracts typically less than one year in duration. The programming formats of our radio stations are designed to reach audiences with targeted demographic characteristics. We are working closely with our advertising and marketing partners to develop tools and leverage data to enable advertisers to effectively reach their desired audiences. We continue to expand the choices for listeners and we deliver our content and sell advertising across multiple distribution channels including digitally via our iHeartRadio mobile application and other digital platforms which reach national, regional and local audiences. We also generate revenues from network syndication, our nationally recognized live events, our station websites and other miscellaneous transactions.
Our outdoor advertising revenue is derived from selling advertising space on the displays we own or operate in key markets worldwide, consisting primarily of billboards, street furniture and transit displays.  Part of our long-term strategy for our outdoor advertising businesses is to pursue the technology of digital displays, including flat screens, LCDs and LEDs, as additions to traditional methods of displaying our clients’ advertisements. We are currently installing these technologies in certain markets, both domestically and internationally. Management typically monitors our outdoor advertising business by reviewing the average rates, average revenue per display, occupancy and inventory levels of each of our display types by market.
Our advertising revenue for all of our segments is highly correlated to changes in gross domestic product (“GDP”) as advertising spending has historically trended in line with GDP, both domestically and internationally.  Internationally, our results are impacted by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates as well as the economic conditions in the foreign markets in which we have operations.
Executive Summary
The key developments that impacted our business during the three months ended June 30, 2016 are summarized below:
Consolidated revenue increased $18.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $6.2 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated revenue increased $24.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015.
In the first quarter, we sold nine non-strategic U.S. outdoor markets which generated revenue of $27.1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2015.
We sold our outdoor business in Turkey in June 2016. As a result, we recognized a net loss of $56.6 million, which includes $32.2 million in cumulative translation adjustments that were recognized upon sale of subsidiaries in Turkey.
Following the end of the quarter, on July 15, 2016, Broader Media, LLC, our indirect wholly-owned subsidiary, repurchased approximately $383.0 million aggregate principal amount of iHeartCommunications’ 10.0% Senior Notes due 2018 for an aggregate purchase price of $222.2 million.


15



Revenues and expenses “excluding the impact of foreign exchange movements” in this Management’s Discussion & Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations are presented because management believes that viewing certain financial results without the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency rates facilitates period to period comparisons of business performance and provides useful information to investors.  Revenues and expenses “excluding the impact of foreign exchange movements” are calculated by converting the current period’s revenues and expenses in local currency to U.S. dollars using average foreign exchange rates for the prior period. 
Consolidated Results of Operations
The comparison of our historical results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 to the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 is as follows:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Revenue
$
1,618,532

 
$
1,599,859

 
1.2%
 
$
2,982,037

 
$
2,944,423

 
1.3%
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct operating expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
617,246

 
615,163

 
0.3%
 
1,185,617

 
1,192,855

 
(0.6)%
Selling, general and administrative expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
434,581

 
424,562

 
2.4%
 
860,149

 
841,443

 
2.2%
Corporate expenses (excludes depreciation and amortization)
87,650

 
80,295

 
9.2%
 
165,529

 
157,717

 
5.0%
Depreciation and amortization
162,144

 
168,394

 
(3.7)%
 
317,600

 
338,847

 
(6.3)%
Other operating income (expense), net
(64,190
)
 
100,754

 
 
 
220,273

 
91,780

 
 
Operating income
252,721

 
412,199

 
(38.7)%
 
673,415

 
505,341

 
33.3%
Interest expense
465,991

 
452,957

 
 
 
929,941

 
894,728

 
 
Equity in earnings (loss) of nonconsolidated affiliates
(1,610
)
 
(690
)
 
 
 
(2,043
)
 
(359
)
 
 
Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

 
 
 

 
(2,201
)
 
 
Other income (expense), net
(34,019
)
 
16,211

 
 
 
(39,731
)
 
36,681

 
 
Loss before income taxes
(248,899
)
 
(25,237
)
 
 
 
(298,300
)
 
(355,266
)
 
 
Income tax expense
(27,137
)
 
(22,077
)
 
 
 
(36,630
)
 
(78,682
)
 
 
Consolidated net loss
(276,036
)
 
(47,314
)
 
 
 
(334,930
)
 
(433,948
)
 
 
Less amount attributable to noncontrolling interest
2,858

 
7,152

 
 
 
32,479

 
5,484

 
 
Net loss attributable to the Company
$
(278,894
)
 
$
(54,466
)
 
 
 
$
(367,409
)
 
$
(439,432
)
 
 
Consolidated Revenue
Consolidated revenue increased $18.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $6.2 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated revenue increased $24.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Revenue growth generated by our iHM business and our International outdoor business was partially offset by lower revenue generated by our Americas outdoor business as a result of the first quarter 2016 sale of nine non-strategic U.S. outdoor markets which generated $27.1 million in revenue in the second quarter of 2015.
Consolidated revenue increased $37.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $21.3 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated revenue increased $58.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Revenue growth generated by our iHM business and our International outdoor business was partially offset by lower revenue generated by our Americas outdoor business as a result of the first quarter 2016 sale of nine non-strategic U.S. outdoor markets which generated $49.4 million in revenue in the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to $2.5 million in the six months ended June 30, 2016.

16



Consolidated Direct Operating Expenses
Consolidated direct operating expenses increased $2.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $3.6 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated direct operating expenses increased $5.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Higher direct operating expenses in our iHM business and our International Outdoor business, associated primarily with increases in related revenues, were partially offset by lower direct operating expenses in our Americas Outdoor business due to the decrease resulting from the sale of nine non-strategic U.S. outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016.
Consolidated direct operating expenses decreased $7.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $14.0 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated direct operating expenses increased $6.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Higher direct operating expenses in our iHM business and our International Outdoor business, associated primarily with increases in related revenues, were partially offset by lower direct operating expenses in our Americas Outdoor business primarily due to the decrease resulting from the sale of nine non-strategic U.S. outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016.
Consolidated Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses
Consolidated SG&A expenses increased $10.0 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $1.4 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated SG&A expenses increased $11.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Higher SG&A expenses in each of our businesses were partially offset by a decrease in SG&A expenses resulting from the sale of nine non-strategic U.S. outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016.
Consolidated SG&A expenses increased $18.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $5.2 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, consolidated SG&A expenses increased $23.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Higher SG&A expenses in each of our businesses were partially offset by a decrease in SG&A expenses resulting from the sale of nine non-strategic U.S. outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016.
Corporate Expenses
Corporate expenses increased $7.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015 primarily due to higher expenses related to variable compensation plans, higher employee health benefits costs and higher professional fees related to litigation regarding our debt. Excluding the $0.5 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, corporate expenses increased $7.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015.
Corporate expenses increased $7.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015 primarily resulting from higher employee benefit costs and higher expenses related to variable compensation plans, as well as higher professional fees related to litigation regarding our debt. Excluding the $0.9 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, corporate expenses increased $8.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015.
Strategic Revenue and Efficiency Initiatives
Included in the amounts for direct operating expenses, SG&A and corporate expenses discussed above are expenses incurred in connection with our strategic revenue and efficiency initiatives. These costs consist primarily of severance related to workforce initiatives, consolidation of locations and positions, contract cancellation costs, consulting expenses, and other costs incurred in connection with improving our businesses. These costs are expected to provide benefits in future periods as the initiative results are realized.
Strategic revenue and efficiency costs were $6.9 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016. Of these expenses, $5.6 million was incurred by our iHM segment, $0.6 million was incurred by our Americas outdoor segment, $0.6 million was incurred by our International outdoor segment and $0.1 million was incurred by Corporate. Additionally, $2.3 million of these costs are reported within direct operating expenses, $4.5 million are reported within SG&A and $0.1 million are reported within corporate expenses. 
Strategic revenue and efficiency costs were $7.0 million during the three months ended June 30, 2015. Of these expenses, $1.6 million was incurred by our iHM segment, $0.5 million was incurred by our Americas outdoor segment, $1.2 million was incurred by our International outdoor segment, $0.5 million was incurred by our Other segment and $3.2 million was incurred by

17



Corporate. Additionally, $2.0 million of these costs are reported within direct operating expenses, $1.8 million are reported within SG&A and $3.2 million are reported within corporate expenses.
Strategic revenue and efficiency costs were $13.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016. Of these expenses, $9.2 million was incurred by our iHM segment, $1.7 million was incurred by our Americas outdoor segment, $1.5 million was incurred by our International outdoor segment, $0.3 million was incurred by our Other category and $0.8 million was incurred by Corporate. Additionally, $5.1 million of these costs are reported within direct operating expenses, $7.5 million are reported within SG&A and $0.9 million are reported within corporate expense. 
Strategic revenue and efficiency costs were $17.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015. Of these expenses, $3.5 million was incurred by our iHM segment, $1.0 million was incurred by our Americas outdoor segment, $1.9 million was incurred by our International outdoor segment, $3.3 million was incurred by our Other segment and $7.4 million was incurred by Corporate. Additionally, $3.1 million of these costs are reported within direct operating expenses, $6.6 million are reported within SG&A and $7.4 million are reported within corporate expense.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization decreased $6.3 million and $21.2 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively, compared to the same periods of 2015. The decrease was primarily due to assets becoming fully depreciated or fully amortized and the disposal of assets, including the sales of the broadcast communication towers in the second quarter of 2015 and the sales of nine non-strategic U.S. outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016. Depreciation and amortization decreased $0.8 million and $2.5 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively, as a result of movements in foreign exchange rates.
Other Operating Income (Expense), Net
Other operating expense was $64.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 which primarily related to net losses on the sale of operating assets including the sale of our Turkey outdoor market, resulting in a net loss of $56.6 million which includes cumulative translation adjustments of $32.2 million. Other operating income was $220.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 which primarily related to the sale of nine non-strategic outdoor markets in the first quarter of 2016, partially offset by the sale of Turkey in the second quarter of 2016. In the first quarter of 2016, Americas outdoor sold nine non-strategic outdoor markets including Cleveland and Columbus, Ohio, Des Moines, Iowa, Ft. Smith, Arkansas, Memphis, Tennessee, Portland, Oregon, Reno, Nevada, Seattle, Washington and Wichita, Kansas for net proceeds of $594.0 million in cash and certain advertising assets in Florida. The Company recognized a net gain on these sales of $280.0 million.
Other operating income was $100.8 million and $91.8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively, which primarily related to the sale and subsequent leaseback of radio towers.
Interest Expense
Interest expense increased $13.0 million and $35.2 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively, compared to the same periods of 2015, due to higher interest rates on floating rate loans and new debt issuances.
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt
During the first quarter of 2015, we prepaid certain of iHeartCommunications' term loan facilities due 2016. In connection with this prepayment, we recognized a loss of $2.2 million.
Other Income (Expense), net
Other expense, net was $34.0 million and $39.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, respectively, which relates primarily to net foreign exchange losses recognized in connection with intercompany notes denominated in foreign currencies, particularly Euro-denominated notes payable by one of our UK subsidiaries.
Other income, net was $16.2 million and $36.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively, which primarily related to net foreign exchange gains recognized in connection with intercompany notes denominated in foreign currencies.
Income Tax Expense
The effective tax rates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 were (10.9)% and (12.3)%, respectively. The effective tax rates for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 were (87.5)% and (22.2)%, respectively. The effective tax

18



rates were primarily impacted by the valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets originating in the period from net operating losses in U.S. federal, state and certain foreign jurisdictions. 
iHM Results of Operations
Our iHM operating results were as follows:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Revenue
$
867,914

 
$
840,701

 
3.2%
 
$
1,606,800

 
$
1,538,502

 
4.4%
Direct operating expenses
250,367

 
241,826

 
3.5%
 
474,429

 
455,655

 
4.1%
SG&A expenses
271,719

 
266,225

 
2.1%
 
543,732

 
527,305

 
3.1%
Depreciation and amortization
62,998

 
59,566

 
5.8%
 
121,815

 
120,301

 
1.3%
Operating income
$
282,830

 
$
273,084

 
3.6%
 
$
466,824

 
$
435,241

 
7.3%
Three Months
iHM revenue increased $27.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Growth in broadcast radio and digital advertising was driven primarily by our events, including the timing of our iHeartRadio Music Awards show, our traffic and weather business and the impact of trade and barter and political advertising revenues. Revenue also increased in our syndication business driven by growth in our news/talk format. Trade and barter includes the impact of marketing partnerships with our advertisers on events, as well as revenue recognized in connection with advertising provided during the quarter in connection with investments made in the fourth quarter of 2015 in certain non-public companies.
iHM direct operating expenses increased $8.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015 primarily due to higher content and programming costs related to increased revenues. iHM SG&A expenses increased $5.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015 primarily due to variable compensation, investments in national and digital sales capabilities and higher spending on strategic revenue and efficiency initiatives.
Six Months
iHM revenue increased $68.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Growth in broadcast radio and digital advertising was driven primarily by our events, including the timing of our iHeartRadio Music Awards show, our traffic and weather business and the impact of trade and barter and political advertising revenues. Revenue also increased in our syndication business driven by growth in our news/talk format. Trade and barter includes the impact of marketing partnerships with our advertisers on events, as well as revenue recognized in connection with advertising provided during the period in connection with investments made in the fourth quarter of 2015 in certain non-public companies.
iHM direct operating expenses increased $18.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015 primarily due to content and programming costs related to our broadcast, digital and events, higher lease expense as a result of the sale and subsequent leaseback of broadcast communications tower sites in the second quarter of 2015 and higher spending on strategic revenue and efficiency initiatives. iHM SG&A expenses increased $16.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015 primarily due to variable compensation, investments in national and digital sales capabilities, higher barter and trade expenses, higher spending on strategic revenue and efficiency initiatives and higher variable compensation related to higher revenue.

19



Americas Outdoor Advertising Results of Operations
Our Americas outdoor operating results were as follows:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Revenue
$
325,533

 
$
341,286

 
(4.6)%
 
$
608,061

 
$
637,149

 
(4.6)%
Direct operating expenses
140,038

 
149,712

 
(6.5)%
 
278,050

 
295,946

 
(6.0)%
SG&A expenses
57,831

 
57,346

 
0.8%
 
113,160

 
112,983

 
0.2%
Depreciation and amortization
47,525

 
51,113

 
(7.0)%
 
93,641

 
101,453

 
(7.7)%
Operating income
$
80,139

 
$
83,115

 
(3.6)%
 
$
123,210

 
$
126,767

 
(2.8)%

Three Months
Americas outdoor revenue decreased $15.8 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $3.0 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor revenue decreased $12.8 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. In the first quarter of 2016, we sold nine non-strategic U.S. markets which generated revenues of $27.1 million in the second quarter of 2015. The decrease in revenue resulting from these sales was partially offset by increased revenues from digital billboards as a result of new deployments and higher occupancy on existing digital billboards, as well as new airport contracts and higher revenues from print bulletins.
Americas outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $9.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $1.5 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $8.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The sale of non-strategic U.S. markets resulted in a $9.2 million decrease in direct operating expenses. This decrease was partially offset by higher variable site lease expenses related to new airport contracts and an increase in revenues from the remaining markets. Americas outdoor SG&A expenses increased $0.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $0.8 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor SG&A expenses increased $1.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Higher variable compensation expense related to higher revenue and higher property taxes were partially offset by a $5.3 million decrease in SG&A expenses resulting from the sale of the nine non-strategic markets in the first quarter of 2016.
Six Months
Americas outdoor revenue decreased $29.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $8.0 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor revenue decreased $21.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The decrease in revenue is primarily due to the $46.9 million impact of the sale of nine non-strategic U.S. markets in the first quarter of 2016. The decrease in revenue resulting from these sales was partially offset by increased revenues from digital billboards as a result of new deployments and higher occupancy on existing digital billboards, as well as higher revenues from print bulletins and new airport contracts.
Americas outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $17.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $4.2 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $13.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The decrease in direct operating expenses was primarily driven by a $16.9 million decrease in direct operating expenses resulting from the sale of the nine non-strategic markets in the first quarter of 2016, partially offset by higher variable site lease expenses related to the increase in revenues from remaining markets. Americas outdoor SG&A expenses increased $0.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $2.1 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, Americas outdoor SG&A expenses increased $2.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. This increase was primarily due to higher variable compensation expense related to higher revenues, higher property taxes expense and higher research and development costs, partially offset by a $9.8 million decrease in SG&A expenses resulting from the sale of the nine non-strategic U.S. markets in the first quarter of 2016.

20



International Outdoor Advertising Results of Operations
Our International outdoor operating results were as follows:
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
%
Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Revenue
$
386,613

 
$
381,533

 
1.3%
 
$
694,806

 
$
700,713

 
(0.8)%
Direct operating expenses
226,023

 
222,630

 
1.5%
 
431,705

 
439,367

 
(1.7)%
SG&A expenses
77,736

 
75,176

 
3.4%
 
149,208

 
146,669

 
1.7%
Depreciation and amortization
38,177

 
40,956

 
(6.8)%
 
76,057

 
83,397

 
(8.8)%
Operating income
$
44,677

 
$
42,771

 
4.5%
 
$
37,836

 
$
31,280

 
21.0%
Three Months
International outdoor revenue increased $5.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $3.2 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor revenue increased $8.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The increase in revenue was primarily driven by revenue growth from new digital assets in Australia and new contracts and higher occupancy across several countries including France and China, partially offset by lower revenue in the United Kingdom, as a result of the London bus shelter contract not being renewed.
International outdoor direct operating expenses increased $3.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $2.1 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor direct operating expenses increased $5.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The increase in direct operating expenses was primarily as a result of higher site lease and production expenses in countries experiencing revenue growth, partially offset by lower site lease expense due to lower revenue in the United Kingdom as a result of the London bus shelter contract not being renewed. International outdoor SG&A expenses increased $2.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $0.6 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor SG&A expenses increased $3.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The increase in SG&A expenses was primarily due to higher office expenses in China and the United Kingdom.
Six Months
International outdoor revenue decreased $5.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $13.3 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor revenue increased $7.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The decrease in revenue due to movements in foreign exchange rates was partially offset primarily by revenue growth from new digital assets in Australia and new contracts and higher occupancy across several countries including France and China, partially offset by lower revenue in the United Kingdom as a result of the London bus shelter contract not being renewed, and decreases in Switzerland.
International outdoor direct operating expenses decreased $7.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $9.8 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor direct operating expenses increased $2.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The increase was primarily a result of higher site lease and production expenses in countries experiencing revenue growth, partially offset by lower rent expense due to lower revenue in the United Kingdom as a result of the London bus shelter contract not being renewed. International outdoor SG&A expenses increased $2.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. Excluding the $3.1 million impact from movements in foreign exchange rates, International outdoor SG&A expenses increased $5.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The increase in SG&A expenses was primarily due to higher sales force and office renovation costs in China, Australia and the United Kingdom.

21



Reconciliation of Segment Operating Income to Consolidated Operating Income
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
iHM
$
282,830

 
$
273,084

 
$
466,824

 
$
435,241

Americas outdoor
80,139

 
83,115

 
123,210

 
126,767

International outdoor
44,677

 
42,771

 
37,836

 
31,280

Other
5,649

 
3,380

 
8,562

 
(786
)
Other operating income, net
(64,190
)
 
100,754

 
220,273

 
91,780

Corporate expense (1)
(96,384
)
 
(90,905
)
 
(183,290
)
 
(178,941
)
Consolidated operating income
$
252,721

 
$
412,199

 
$
673,415

 
$
505,341

(1)
Corporate expenses include expenses related to iHM, Americas outdoor, International outdoor and our Other category, as well as overall executive, administrative and support functions.
Share-Based Compensation Expense
Certain employees receive equity awards from our and CCOH’s equity incentive plans.
Share-based compensation expenses are recorded in corporate expenses and were $3.8 million and $2.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $6.9 million and $4.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
As of June 30, 2016, there was $27.6 million of unrecognized compensation cost, net of estimated forfeitures, related to unvested share-based compensation arrangements that will vest based on service conditions.  This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately four years.  In addition, as of June 30, 2016, there was $26.5 million of unrecognized compensation cost, net of estimated forfeitures, related to unvested share-based compensation arrangements that will vest based on market, performance and service conditions.  This cost will be recognized when it becomes probable that the performance condition will be satisfied.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash Flows
The following discussion highlights cash flow activities during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively:
(In thousands)
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Cash provided by (used for):
 
 
 
Operating activities
$
(181,650
)
 
$
(239,606
)
Investing activities
$
436,860

 
$
236,375

Financing activities
$
(76,313
)
 
$
(62,044
)
Operating Activities
Cash used for operating activities was $181.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to $239.6 million of cash used during the six months ended June 30, 2015.  The decrease in cash used for operating activities is primarily attributed to changes in working capital balances, particularly accounts receivable, which was driven primarily by improved collections, partially offset by an increase of $65.3 million of cash interest payments in the six months ended June 30, 2016 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2015. Cash paid for interest during the six months ended June 30, 2016 was $873.7 million as compared to $808.4 million paid during the six months ended June 30, 2015.
Investing Activities
Cash provided by investing activities of $436.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 reflected net cash proceeds from the sale of nine non-strategic outdoor markets including Cleveland and Columbus, Ohio, Des Moines, Iowa, Ft. Smith, Arkansas, Memphis, Tennessee, Portland, Oregon, Reno, Nevada, Seattle, Washington and Wichita, Kansas of $594.0

22



million in cash and certain advertising assets in Florida. Those sale proceeds were partially offset by $123.7 million used for capital expenditures. We spent $23.1 million for capital expenditures in our iHM segment primarily related to leasehold improvements and IT infrastructure, $28.7 million in our Americas outdoor segment primarily related to the construction of new advertising structures, such as digital displays, $66.7 million in our International outdoor segment primarily related to billboard and street furniture advertising structures, $1.2 million in our Other category and $4.0 million in Corporate primarily related to equipment and software purchases.
Cash provided by investing activities of $236.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015 primarily reflected proceeds of $369.0 million from the sale of broadcasting towers and related property and equipment, as well as proceeds of $34.3 million from the sale of our San Antonio office buildings, partially offset by closing costs incurred in relation to the sale of broadcasting towers of $10.0 million. We are leasing back a portion of the radio towers and related property and equipment, as well as the San Antonio office buildings, under long-term operating leases. Those sale proceeds were partially offset by $124.9 million used for capital expenditures. We spent $27.3 million for capital expenditures in our iHM segment primarily related to leasehold improvements and IT infrastructure, $32.4 million in our Americas outdoor segment primarily related to the construction of new advertising structures, such as digital displays, $56.9 million in our International outdoor segment primarily related to billboard and street furniture advertising structures, $3.1 million in our Other category and $5.2 million in Corporate primarily related to equipment and software purchases.

Financing Activities
Cash used for financing activities of $76.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2016 primarily resulted from dividends paid to non-controlling interests, which represents the portion of the dividends paid by CCOH in January 2016 and February 2016 to parties other than our subsidiaries that own CCOH common stock.
Cash used for financing activities of $62.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2015 primarily resulted from the $42.6 million purchase of CCOH’s Class A common stock and the net effect of the proceeds from the issuance of $950.0 million of 10.625% Priority Guarantee Notes due 2023 and the use of the net proceeds primarily to prepay at par $916.1 million of the loans outstanding under our Term Loan B facility and $15.2 million of the loans outstanding under our Term Loan C facility.
Anticipated Cash Requirements
Our primary sources of liquidity are cash on hand, cash flow from operations, borrowing capacity under iHeartCommunications' domestic receivables based credit facility, subject to certain limitations contained in iHeartCommunications' material financing agreements and cash from liquidity-generating transactions. As of June 30, 2016, we had $951.9 million of cash on our balance sheet, including $439.5 million of cash held by our subsidiary, CCOH, a portion of which is held by non-wholly owned subsidiaries or is otherwise reserved for use for CCOH operations.  $156.5 million of our cash is held outside the U.S. It is our policy to permanently reinvest the earnings of our non-U.S. subsidiaries as these earnings are generally redeployed in those jurisdictions for operating needs and continued functioning of their businesses.  We have the ability and intent to indefinitely reinvest the undistributed earnings of consolidated subsidiaries based outside of the United States.  If any excess cash held by our foreign subsidiaries were needed to fund operations in the United States, we could presently repatriate available funds without a requirement to accrue or pay U.S. taxes.  This is a result of significant deficits, as calculated for tax law purposes, in our foreign earnings and profits, which gives us flexibility to make future cash distributions as non-taxable returns of capital.  As of June 30, 2016, we had a borrowing base of $434.8 million under iHeartCommunications' receivables based credit facility, had $230.0 million of outstanding borrowings and had $44.3 million of outstanding letters of credit, resulting in $160.5 million of excess availability.  However, any incremental borrowings under iHeartCommunications' receivables based credit facility may be further limited by the terms contained in iHeartCommunications' material financing agreements.
In recent quarters we have relied, and we intend to continue to rely, on liquidity-generating transactions as a source of liquidity to fund working capital needs, interest payment obligations and other general corporate purposes. As described under “CCOH Dividends” below, in the first quarter of 2016, we received $196.3 million as a dividend from CCOH funded with the proceeds of the issuance of 8.75% Senior Notes due 2020 by Clear Channel International B.V. (“CCIBV”), an indirect subsidiary of the Company and of CCOH, and $486.5 million as a dividend from CCOH ($186.5 million net of iHeartCommunications' concurrent repayment of the Revolving Promissory Note) funded with the proceeds of a $300.0 million repayment under the Revolving Promissory note and the sale of CCOH's outdoor business in nine non-strategic outdoor markets.  These transactions improved our liquidity position, but our annual cash interest payment obligations increased as a result of the CCIBV note issuance. We are currently exploring, and expect to continue to explore, a variety of other transactions to provide us with additional liquidity. We cannot assure you that we will enter into or consummate any such liquidity-generating transactions, or that such transactions will provide sufficient cash to satisfy our liquidity needs, and any such transactions, if consummated, could adversely affect us in

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other ways. Future liquidity-generating transactions could have the effect of further increasing our annual cash interest payment obligations, reducing our cash flow from operations or reducing cash available for capital expenditures and other business initiatives.
Our primary uses of liquidity are to fund our working capital, debt service, capital expenditures and other obligations.  Our ability to fund our working capital, debt service, capital expenditures and other obligations and investments, and to comply with the financial covenants under iHeartCommunications' financing agreements, depends on our future operating performance, cash flows from operations and our ability to continue to refinance our debt obligations and generate cash from additional liquidity-generating transactions, which are in turn subject to prevailing economic conditions and other factors, many of which are beyond our con