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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART IV

Table of Contents


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

ý   Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended May 31, 2016
or

o

 

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from                to                

Commission file number 1-6263

AAR CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  36-2334820
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

One AAR Place, 1100 N. Wood Dale Road, Wood Dale, Illinois 60191
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (630) 227-2000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $1.00 par value   New York Stock Exchange
Chicago Stock Exchange

 

 

 
Common Stock Purchase Rights   New York Stock Exchange
Chicago Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ý No o

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý No o

         Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.(Check one):

Large accelerated filer ý   Accelerated filer o   Non-Accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No ý

         The aggregate market value of the registrant's voting stock held by nonaffiliates was approximately $806 million (based upon the closing price of the Common Stock at November 30, 2015 as reported on the New York Stock Exchange).

         On June 30, 2016, there were 34,698,633 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

         Portions of the Company's proxy statement for the Company's 2016 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, to be held October 13, 2016, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this report.


Table of Contents


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
   
  Page  

PART I

       

Item 1.

 

Business

   
2
 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

   
7
 

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

   
13
 

Item 2.

 

Properties

   
13
 

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

   
14
 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

   
14
 

 

Supplemental Item—Executive Officers of the Registrant

   
15
 


PART II


 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

   
16
 

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

   
18
 

Item 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   
20
 

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

   
33
 

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

   
34
 

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

   
78
 

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

   
78
 

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

   
80
 


PART III


 

 

 

 

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

   
80
 

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

   
80
 

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

   
81
 

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

   
81
 

Item 14.

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

   
81
 


PART IV


 

 

 

 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

   
82
 


SIGNATURES


 

 

83

 


EXHIBIT INDEX


 

 

 

 

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PART I

ITEM 1.    BUSINESS
(Dollars in millions)

General

        AAR CORP. and its subsidiaries are referred to herein collectively as "AAR," "Company," "we," "us," and "our" unless the context indicates otherwise. AAR was founded in 1951, organized in 1955 and reincorporated in Delaware in 1966. We are a diversified provider of products and services to the worldwide aviation and government and defense markets.

        During fiscal 2015, we executed on a comprehensive strategic plan that included:

    The sale of our Telair Cargo Group for cash of $714 million, resulting in pre-tax gains of $198.6 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015 (and $27.7 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2016 from the receipt of contingent consideration);

    A decision to divest our Precision Systems Manufacturing business;

    The exit of certain product lines and inventories in our aviation services businesses that were underperforming or not part of our strategy going forward;

    The reduction of our total debt by $480 million;

    The return of capital to shareholders through $151.5 million in common stock repurchases and $12.5 million of dividends.

        The divestiture of these manufacturing businesses allowed us to narrow our strategy to focus on our best in class aviation and expeditionary services. In fiscal 2016, our Aviation Services segment succeeded in expanding existing customer relationships in distribution and securing new program work with multiple international carriers. In our Expeditionary Services segment, we have completed the successful start-up of our new contract with the U.K. Ministry of Defense providing search and rescue services in the Falkland Islands.

        As we enter fiscal 2017, we remain in a strong financial position to further execute on our strategy as a best in class aviation and expeditionary services company. Our cash on hand plus unused capacity on our Revolving Credit Facility was $409 million at May 31, 2016. We expect to invest opportunistically in expanding our comprehensive suite of services to the global commercial aviation and government and defense markets.

Business Segments

Aviation Services

        The Aviation Services segment provides aftermarket support and services for the commercial aviation and government and defense markets and accounted for 86%, 83%, and 72% of our sales in fiscal 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively. In this segment, we also provide inventory management and distribution services, maintenance, repair and overhaul ("MRO") and engineering services. Business activities in this segment are primarily conducted through AAR Supply Chain, Inc. (formerly known as AAR Parts Trading, Inc.); AAR Aircraft & Engine Sales & Leasing, Inc.; AAR Aircraft Services, Inc.; AAR Allen Services, Inc. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of AAR Parts Trading, Inc.); AAR Landing Gear LLC; and AAR International, Inc.

        We sell and lease a wide variety of new, overhauled and repaired engine and airframe parts and components to our commercial aviation and government/defense customers.

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        We provide customized inventory supply and management, warranty claim management, and outsourcing programs for engine and airframe parts and components in support of our airline and government customers' maintenance activities. The types of services provided under these programs include material planning, sourcing, logistics, information and program management, and parts and component repair and overhaul. We are also an authorized distributor for more than 60 leading aviation product manufacturers.

        We also provide customized performance-based supply chain logistics programs in support of the U.S. Department of Defense ("DoD") and foreign governments. The types of services provided under these programs include material planning, sourcing, logistics, information and program management, airframe maintenance and maintenance planning, and component repair and overhaul.

        We provide major airframe inspection, maintenance, repair and overhaul, painting services, line maintenance, airframe modifications, structural repairs, avionic service and installation, exterior and interior refurbishment, and engineering services and support for many types of commercial and military aircraft. We also repair and overhaul landing gears, wheels, and brakes for commercial and military aircraft.

        We operate five airframe maintenance facilities and one landing gear overhaul facility. Our landing gear overhaul facility is in Miami, Florida, where we repair and overhaul landing gear, wheels, brakes, and actuators for different types of commercial and military aircraft. Our airframe maintenance facilities are in Indianapolis, Indiana; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Duluth, Minnesota; Miami, Florida; and Lake Charles, Louisiana. In fiscal 2016, we closed a regional aircraft maintenance facility in Hot Springs, Arkansas.

        Activities in our Aviation Services segment also include the sale and lease of used commercial aircraft. Each sale or lease is negotiated as a separate agreement that includes term, price, representations, warranties, and lease return provisions. During fiscal 2015, we sold our last two remaining wholly-owned aircraft and one aircraft owned with joint venture partners. At May 31, 2016, our remaining portfolio consisted of three aircraft owned through joint ventures.

        The majority of our sales are made pursuant to standard commercial purchase orders. U.S. government sales are generally made under standard types of government contracts, including definite contracts which call for the performance of specified services or the delivery of specified products and ID/IQ (i.e., indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity) contracts. Certain inventory supply and management and performance-based logistics program agreements reflect negotiated terms and conditions.

        To support activities within the Aviation Services segment, we acquire aviation parts and components from domestic and foreign airlines, independent aviation service companies, aircraft leasing companies, and original equipment manufacturers ("OEM"s). We have ongoing arrangements with OEMs that provide us access to parts, repair manuals, and service bulletins in support of parts manufactured by them. Although the terms of each arrangement vary, they typically are made on standard OEM terms as to duration, price, and delivery. From time to time, we purchase engines for disassembly into individual parts and components. These engines may be leased to airlines on a short-term basis prior to disassembly.

Expeditionary Services

        The Expeditionary Services segment consists of businesses that provide products and services supporting the movement of equipment and personnel by the DoD, foreign governments and non-governmental organizations. The Expeditionary Services segment accounted for 14%, 17%, and 28% of our sales in fiscal 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively. Business activities in this segment are primarily conducted through AAR Airlift Group, Inc.; AAR Manufacturing, Inc. and Brown International Corporation (a wholly-owned subsidiary of AAR Manufacturing, Inc.).

        We provide expeditionary airlift services to the United States and other government customers. Our expeditionary airlift services provide fixed- and rotary-wing flight operations. These operations include

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search and rescue operations and transporting personnel and cargo principally in support of the DoD. We operate and maintain a fleet of special mission customized fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, principally in Afghanistan, Falkland Islands, Northern Africa, and Western Pacific regions. We hold FAR Part 133 and 135 certificates to operate aircraft and a FAR Part 145 certificate to operate a repair station. We are also Commercial Airlift Review Board certified with the DoD.

        We design, manufacture, and repair transportation pallets, and a wide variety of containers and shelters used in support of military and humanitarian tactical deployment activities. The containers and shelters are used in numerous mission requirements, including armories, supply and parts storage, refrigeration systems, tactical operation centers, briefing rooms, laundry and kitchen facilities, water treatment, and sleeping quarters. Shelters include both stationary and vehicle-mounted applications.

        We also provide engineering, design, and system integration services for specialized command and control systems.

        Sales in this segment are made to customers pursuant to standard commercial purchase orders and contracts. U.S. government sales are generally made under standard types of government contracts, including definite contracts which call for the performance of specified services or the delivery of specified products and ID/IQ (i.e., indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity) contracts. The majority of our products and services are procured via definite contracts. We purchase raw materials for this segment, including steel, aluminum, extrusions, and other necessary supplies from several vendors.

Raw Materials

        Although we generated 54% of our fiscal 2016 sales from the sale of products, our businesses are generally engaged in limited manufacturing activities and have minimal exposure to fluctuations in both the availability and pricing for raw materials. Where necessary, we have been able to obtain raw materials and other inventory items from numerous sources for each segment at competitive prices, terms, and conditions, and we expect to be able to continue to do so.

Terms of Sale

        We generally sell our products and services under standard 30-day payment terms. On occasion, certain customers, principally foreign customers, will negotiate extended payment terms of 60-90 days. Except for customary warranty provisions, customers neither have the right to return products nor do they have the right to extended financing. Our contracts with the DoD and its contractors and other governmental agencies are typically firm agreements to provide products and services at a fixed price or on a time and material basis, and have a term of one year or less, frequently subject to extension for one or more additional periods of one year at the option of the government customer.

Customers

        The principal customers for our products and services in the Aviation Services segment are domestic and foreign commercial airlines, domestic and foreign freight airlines, regional and commuter airlines, business and general aviation operators, OEMs, aircraft leasing companies, aftermarket aviation support companies, the DoD and its contractors, and foreign military organizations or governments. In the Expeditionary Services segment, our principal customers include the DoD and its contractors and foreign governmental and defense organizations.

        Sales of aviation products and services to our commercial airline customers are generally affected by such factors as the number, type and average age of aircraft in service, the levels of aircraft utilization (e.g., frequency of schedules), the number of airline operators, the general economy, and the level of sales of new and used aircraft. Sales to the DoD and other government agencies are subject to a number of

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factors, including the level of troop deployment worldwide, government funding, competitive bidding, and requirements generated by worldwide geopolitical events.

        We primarily market and sell products and services through our own employees. In certain markets outside of the United States, we rely on foreign sales representatives to assist in the sale of our products and services.

Sales to Government and Defense Customers

        Sales to global government and defense customers (including sales to branches, agencies, and departments of the U.S. government) were $642.6 million (38.7% of consolidated sales), $589.8 million (37.0% of consolidated sales) and $777.5 million (45.4% of consolidated sales) in fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Sales to branches, agencies, and departments of the U.S. government and their contractors were $513.8 million (30.9% of consolidated sales), $493.1 million (30.9% of consolidated sales), and $661.7 million (38.7% of consolidated sales) in fiscal 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively. Sales to government and defense customers are reported in each of our reportable segments (See Note 14 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements). Since such sales are subject to competitive bidding and government funding, no assurance can be given that such sales will continue at levels previously experienced. The majority of our U.S. government contracts are for products and services supporting the DoD logistics and mobility strategy, as well as for expeditionary airlift services. Thus, our government contracts have changed, and may continue to change, with fluctuations in defense and other governmental agency spending. Our government contracts are also subject to termination by the customer; in the event of such a termination we would be entitled to recover all allowable costs incurred by us through the date of termination.

Government Regulation and Certificates

        The Federal Aviation Administration ("FAA") regulates the manufacture, repair, distribution, and operation of all aircraft and aircraft parts operated in the United States. Similar rules and regulatory authorities exist in other countries. The inspection, maintenance and repair procedures for the various types of aircraft and equipment are prescribed by these regulatory authorities and can be performed only by certified repair facilities utilizing certified technicians. The FAA requires that various maintenance routines be performed on aircraft engines, certain engine parts, and airframes at regular intervals based on take off and landing cycles or flight time. Our businesses which sell defense products and services directly to the U.S. government or through its contractors can be subject to various laws and regulations governing pricing and other factors.

        We have 12 FAA certificated repair stations in the United States and Europe. Of the 12 certificated FAA repair stations, seven are also European Aviation Safety Agency ("EASA") certificated repair stations. Such certificates, which are ongoing in duration, are required for us to perform authorized maintenance, repair and overhaul services for our customers and are subject to revocation by the government for non-compliance with applicable regulations. Of the 12 FAA certificated repair stations, 11 are in the Aviation Services segment and one is in the Expeditionary Services segment. The seven EASA certificated repair stations are in the Aviation Services segment. We also hold FAR Part 133 and 135 certificates to operate aircraft in our Expeditionary Services segment. We are also Commercial Airlift Review Board certified with the DoD. We believe that we possess all licenses and certifications that are material to the conduct of our business.

Competition

        Competition in each of our markets is based on quality, ability to provide a broad range of products and services, speed of delivery, and price. Competitors in our Aviation Services segment include OEMs, the service divisions of large commercial airlines, and other independent suppliers of parts, repair, and

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overhaul services to the commercial and defense markets. Our Expeditionary Services segment competes with domestic and foreign contracting companies and a number of divisions of large corporations and other large and small companies. Although certain of our competitors have substantially greater financial and other resources than we do, we believe that we have maintained a satisfactory competitive position through our responsiveness to customer needs, our attention to quality, and our unique combination of market expertise and technical and financial capabilities.

Backlog

        Backlog represents the amount of revenue that we expect to derive from unshipped orders or signed contracts. At May 31, 2016, backlog was approximately $953.9 million compared to $920.3 million at May 31, 2015. Approximately $506.7 million of our May 31, 2016 backlog is expected to be filled within the next 12 months.

Employees

        At May 31, 2016, we employed approximately 4,700 employees worldwide, of which approximately 110 employees are subject to a collective bargaining agreement. We also retain approximately 830 contract workers, the majority of whom are located at our airframe maintenance facilities.

Available Information

        For additional information concerning our business segments, see Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and "Business Segment Information" in Note 14 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements under Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."

        Our internet address is www.aarcorp.com. We make available free of charge through our web site our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish such material to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. Information contained on our web site is not a part of this report.

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ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS

        The following is a description of the principal risks inherent in our business.

We are affected by factors that adversely impact the commercial aviation industry.

        As a provider of products and services to the commercial aviation industry, we are greatly affected by overall economic conditions of that industry. The commercial aviation industry is historically cyclical and has been negatively affected in the past by geopolitical events, high fuel and oil prices, lack of capital, and weak economic conditions. As a result of these and other events, from time to time certain of our customers have filed for bankruptcy protection or ceased operation. The impact of instability in the global financial markets may lead airlines to reduce domestic or international capacity. In addition, certain of our airline customers have in the past been impacted by tight credit markets, which limited their ability to buy parts, services, engines, and aircraft.

        A reduction in the operating fleet of aircraft both in the U.S. and abroad will result in reduced demand for parts support and maintenance activities for the type of aircraft affected. Further, tight credit conditions negatively impact the amount of liquidity available to buy parts, services, engines, and aircraft. A deteriorating airline environment may also result in additional airline bankruptcies, and in such circumstances we may not be able to fully collect outstanding accounts receivable. Reduced demand from customers caused by weak economic conditions, including tight credit conditions and customer bankruptcies, may adversely impact our financial condition or results of operations.

        Our business, financial condition, results of operations, and growth rates may be adversely affected by these and other events that impact the aviation industry, including the following:

    deterioration in the financial condition of our existing and potential customers;

    reductions in the need for, or the deferral of, aircraft maintenance and repair services and spare parts support;

    retirement of older generation aircraft, resulting in lower prices for spare parts and services for those aircraft;

    reductions in demand for used aircraft and engines;

    increased in-house maintenance by airlines;

    lack of parts in the marketplace;

    terrorist attacks;

    future outbreaks of infectious diseases; and

    acts of God.

Our U.S. government contracts may not continue at present sales levels, which may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

        Our sales to branches, agencies and departments of the U.S. government and their contractors were $513.8 million (30.9% of consolidated sales) in fiscal 2016 (See Note 14 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements). The majority of our U.S. government contracts is for products and services supporting DoD logistics and mobility strategy, as well as for expeditionary airlift services and is, therefore, subject to changes in defense and other governmental agency funding and spending. Our contracts with the U.S. government, including the DoD and its contractors, are typically agreements to provide products and services at a fixed price and have a term of one year or less, frequently subject to extension for one or more additional periods of one year at the option of the government customer. Sales to agencies of the U.S. government and their contractors are subject to a number of factors, including the level of troop

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deployment worldwide, competitive bidding, U.S. government funding, requirements generated by world events, and budgetary constraints.

        The President signed the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (the "Budget Act") on November 2, 2015. The Budget Act raises the statutory limit on the amount of permissible federal debt until March 2017 and raises the sequester caps imposed by the Budget Control Act of 2011. However, unforeseen circumstances could cause an extended debt ceiling breach, which could negatively affect the timely collection of our U.S. government invoices.

        Future congressional appropriation and authorization of defense spending and the application of sequestration remain marked by significant debate and an uncertain schedule. The federal debt limit continues to be actively debated as plans for long-term national fiscal policy are discussed. The outcome of these debates could have a significant impact on defense spending broadly and programs we support in particular.

        If the existing federal debt limit is not raised, we may be required to continue to perform for some period of time on certain of our U.S. government contracts even if the U.S. government is unable to make timely payments. Future budget cuts, including cuts mandated by sequestration, or future procurement decisions could result in reductions, cancellations, and/or delays of existing contracts or programs which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We face risks of cost overruns and losses on fixed-price contracts.

        We sell certain of our products and services to our commercial, government, and defense customers under firm contracts providing for fixed unit prices, regardless of costs incurred by us. The cost of producing products or providing services may be adversely affected by increases in the cost of labor, materials, fuel, overhead, and other unknown variants, including manufacturing and other operational inefficiencies and differences between assumptions used by us to price a contract and actual results. Increased costs may result in cost overruns and losses on such contracts, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Success at our airframe maintenance facilities is dependent upon continued outsourcing by the airlines.

        We currently perform airframe maintenance, repair and overhaul activities at five leased facilities. Revenues at these facilities fluctuate based on demand for maintenance which, in turn, is driven by the number of aircraft operating and the extent of outsourcing of maintenance activities by airlines. In addition, certain airlines operate certain new fleet types and/or newer generation aircraft and we may not have contractual arrangements to service these aircraft nor technicians trained and certified to perform the required airframe maintenance, repair and overhaul activities. If either the number of aircraft operating or the level of outsourcing of maintenance activities declines, we may not be able to execute our operational and financial plans at our maintenance, repair and overhaul facilities, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We operate in highly competitive markets, and competitive pressures may adversely affect us.

        The markets for our products and services to our commercial, government, and defense customers are highly competitive, and we face competition from a number of sources, both domestic and international. Our competitors include aircraft manufacturers, aircraft component and parts manufacturers, airline and aircraft service companies, other companies providing maintenance, repair and overhaul services, other aircraft spare parts distributors and redistributors, and other expeditionary airlift service providers. Some of our competitors have substantially greater financial and other resources than we have and others may price their products and services below our selling prices. We believe that our ability to compete depends on superior customer service and support, on-time delivery, sufficient inventory availability, competitive pricing and effective quality assurance programs.

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        Our government customers, including the DoD, may turn to commercial contractors, rather than traditional defense contractors, for certain work, or may utilize small business contractors or determine to source work internally rather than use us. We are also impacted by bid protests from unsuccessful bidders on new program awards. Bid protests could result in significant expense for us, contract modifications, or the award decision being overturned and loss of the contract award. Even where a bid protest does not result in the loss of an award, the resolution can extend the time until the contract activity can begin, and delay earnings. These competitive pressures, with potential impacts on both our commercial and government business, could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We are subject to significant government regulation and may need to incur significant expenses to comply with new or more stringent governmental regulation.

        The aviation industry is highly regulated by the FAA in the United States and equivalent regulatory agencies in other countries. Before we sell any of our products that are to be installed in an aircraft, such as engines, engine parts and components, and airframe and accessory parts and components, they must meet certain standards of airworthiness established by the FAA or the equivalent regulatory agencies in certain other countries. We operate repair stations that are licensed by the FAA and the equivalent regulatory agencies in certain other countries, and hold certificates to operate aircraft. Specific regulations vary from country to country, although regulatory requirements in other countries are generally satisfied by compliance with FAA requirements. New and more stringent governmental regulations may be adopted in the future that, if enacted, may have an adverse impact on us.

        If any of our material licenses, certificates, authorizations, or approvals were revoked or suspended by the FAA or equivalent regulatory agencies in other countries, our results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

If we fail to comply with government procurement laws and regulations, we could lose business and be liable for various penalties or sanctions.

        We must comply with laws and regulations relating to the formation, administration, and performance of U.S. government contracts. These laws and regulations include the Federal Acquisition Regulations, Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations, the Truth in Negotiations Act, Cost Accounting Standards, and laws, regulations, and orders restricting the use and dissemination of classified information under the U.S. export control laws and the export of certain products and technical information. Certain government contracts provide audit rights by government agencies, including with respect to performance, costs, internal controls and compliance with applicable laws and regulations. In complying with these laws and regulations, we may incur significant costs, and non-compliance may result in the imposition of fines and penalties, including contractual damages. If we fail to comply with these laws and regulations or if a government audit, review, or investigation uncovers improper or illegal activities, we may be subject to civil penalties, criminal penalties, or administrative sanctions, including suspension or debarment from contracting with the U.S. government. Our reputation could suffer harm if allegations of impropriety were made or found against us, which could adversely affect our operating performance and may result in additional expenses and possible loss of revenue.

A significant portion of our expeditionary airlift revenue is derived from providing expeditionary airlift services in Afghanistan.

        Our expeditionary airlift business derives a significant portion of its revenue from providing expeditionary airlift services in Afghanistan for the DoD. The U.S. has been reducing military activities in Afghanistan and had previously announced plans to reduce the number of troops in Afghanistan to 5,500 by the end of calendar year 2016. Recent announcements by the President have indicated the draw down will be slower than originally planned due to the precarious security situation in Afghanistan with the

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number of troops expected to be 8,400 by January 2017. Our expeditionary airlift services revenue will likely experience further declines should troop reductions occur in Afghanistan.

        We are bidding on expeditionary airlift contracts in other regions supporting both DoD and non-DoD customers, although there can be no assurance we will be awarded any of these contracts. Although we expect ongoing demand for expeditionary airlift services in Afghanistan and other regions from the DoD and other governmental departments, we are exposed to the risk that our expeditionary airlift revenues may further decline if contracts are not renewed, renewed only in part, or are terminated, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition. If we are unable to successfully redeploy aircraft not actively supporting current customers at favorable rates or sell them on favorable terms, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

        U.S. government contractors that provide support services in theaters of conflict such as Afghanistan have come under increasing scrutiny by agency inspectors general, government auditors and congressional committees. Investigations pursued by any or all of these groups may result in additional expense, adverse publicity for us and reputational harm, regardless of the underlying merit of the allegations being investigated.

We are exposed to risks associated with operating internationally.

        We conduct our business in certain foreign countries, some of which are politically unstable or subject to military or civil conflicts. Consequently, we are subject to a variety of risks that are specific to international operations, including the following:

    military conflicts, civil strife, and political risks;

    export regulations that could erode profit margins or restrict exports;

    compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, United Kingdom ("UK") Anti-bribery Act, and other anti-bribery laws;

    the burden and cost of compliance with foreign laws, treaties, and technical standards and changes in those regulations;

    contract award and funding delays;

    potential restrictions on transfers of funds;

    import and export duties and value added taxes;

    foreign exchange risk;

    transportation delays and interruptions; and

    uncertainties arising from foreign local business practices and cultural considerations.

        In addition, the UK held a referendum in which voters approved an exit from the European Union ("EU"). The terms of the UK's potential exit from the EU have yet to be determined and it is possible there will be greater restrictions on imports and exports between the UK and EU countries along with increased regulatory complexities.

        While we have adopted and will continue to adopt measures to reduce the potential impact of losses resulting from the risks of doing business internationally, we cannot ensure that such measures will be adequate or that the regions in which we operate will continue to be stable enough to allow us to operate profitably or at all.

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Acquisitions expose us to risks, including the risk that we may be unable to effectively integrate acquired businesses.

        We explore and have discussions with third parties regarding acquisitions on a regular basis. Acquisitions involve risks, including difficulties in integrating the operations and personnel, the effects of amortization of any acquired intangible assets and the potential impairment of goodwill, and the potential loss of key employees of the acquired business. In addition, acquisitions often require substantial management resources and have the potential to divert our attention from our existing business. For any businesses we may acquire in the future, we may not be able to execute our operational, financial, or integration plans for the acquired businesses, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Market values for our aviation products fluctuate, and we may be unable to re-lease or sell aircraft and engines when their current leases expire.

        We make a number of assumptions when determining the recoverability of inventories, aircraft, and engines, which are on lease or available for lease. These assumptions include historical sales trends, current and expected usage trends, replacement values, current and expected lease rates, residual values, future demand, and future cash flows. Reductions in demand for our inventories or declining market values, as well as differences between actual results and the assumptions utilized by us when determining the recoverability of our inventories, aircraft, and engines, could result in impairment charges in future periods, which would adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

        We lease aircraft and engines to our customers on an operating lease basis. Our ability to re-lease or sell these assets on acceptable terms when the lease expires is subject to a number of factors which drive industry capacity, including new aircraft deliveries, availability of used aircraft and engines in the marketplace, competition, financial condition of our customers, overall health of the airline industry, and general economic conditions. Our inability to re-lease or sell aircraft and engines could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We may need to reduce the carrying value of our assets.

        We own and distribute a significant amount of aircraft, aircraft parts and components, and manufacturing facilities and related equipment. The removal of aircraft from service or recurring losses in certain operations could require us to evaluate the recoverability of the carrying value of those assets and record an impairment charge through earnings to reduce the carrying value. We recognized impairment charges and other losses of $71.4 million in fiscal 2015 related to our actions to address underperforming product lines and inventories. In addition, if aircraft or engines for which we offer replacement parts or supply repair and overhaul services are retired and there are fewer aircraft that require these parts or services, our revenues may decline.

        We have recorded goodwill and other intangible assets related to acquisitions. If we are unable to achieve the projected levels of operating results, it may be necessary to record an impairment charge to reduce the carrying value of goodwill and related intangible assets. Similarly, if we were to lose a key customer or one of our airframe maintenance or landing gear facilities were to lose its authority to operate, we might be required to record an impairment charge.

We are dependent upon continued availability of financing to manage our business and to execute our business strategy, and additional financing may not be available on terms acceptable to us.

        Our ability to manage our business and to execute our business strategy is dependent, in part, on the continued availability of debt and equity capital. Access to the debt and equity capital markets may be limited by various factors, including the condition of overall credit markets, general economic factors, state of the aviation industry, our financial performance, and credit ratings. Debt and equity capital may not

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continue to be available to us on favorable terms, or at all. Our inability to obtain financing on favorable terms could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Our existing debt includes restrictive and financial covenants.

        Certain loan and debt agreements, including our Credit Facility, require us to comply with various restrictive covenants and some contain financial covenants that require us to comply with specified financial ratios and tests. Our failure to meet these covenants could result in default under these loan and debt agreements and may result in a cross-default under other debt agreements. In the event of a default and our inability to obtain a waiver of the default, all amounts outstanding under our debt agreements could be declared immediately due and payable. Our failure to comply with these covenants could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Our industry is susceptible to product and other liability claims, and claims not adequately covered by insurance may adversely affect our financial condition.

        Our business exposes us to possible claims for property damage and bodily injury or death which may result if an engine, engine part or component, airframe part or accessory, or any other aviation product which we have sold, manufactured, or repaired fails, or if an aircraft we operated, serviced, or in which our products are installed, crashes. We carry substantial liability insurance in amounts that we believe are adequate for our risk exposure and commensurate with industry norms. However, claims may arise in the future, and our insurance coverage may not be adequate to protect us in all circumstances. Additionally, we might not be able to maintain adequate insurance coverage in the future at an acceptable cost. Any liability claim not covered by adequate insurance could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Our business could be negatively affected by cyber or other security threats or other disruptions.

        Our businesses depend heavily on information technology and computerized systems to communicate and operate effectively. The Company's systems and technologies, or those of third parties on which we rely, could fail or become unreliable due to equipment failures, software viruses, cyber threats, terrorist acts, natural disasters, power failures or other causes. These threats arise in some cases as a result of our role as a defense contractor.

        Cyber security threats are evolving and include, but are not limited to, malicious software, attempts to gain unauthorized access to our sensitive information, including our customers, suppliers, subcontractors, and joint venture partners, and other electronic security breaches that could lead to disruptions in mission critical systems, unauthorized release of confidential or otherwise protected information, and corruption of data.

        Although we utilize various procedures and controls to monitor and mitigate these threats, there can be no assurance that these procedures and controls will be sufficient to prevent security threats from materializing. If any of these events were to materialize, the costs related to cyber or other security threats or disruptions may not be fully insured or indemnified and could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, operating results, and financial condition.

        Moreover, expenditures incurred in implementing cyber security and other procedures and controls could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We must comply with extensive environmental requirements, and any exposure to environmental liabilities may adversely affect us.

        Federal, state, and local requirements relating to the discharge and emission of substances into the environment, the disposal of hazardous wastes, the remediation and abatement of contaminants, and other

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activities affecting the environment have had and may continue to have an impact on our operations. Management cannot assess the possible effect of compliance with future environmental requirements or of future environmental claims for which we may not have adequate indemnification or insurance coverage. If we were required to pay the expenses related to any future environmental claims for which neither indemnification nor insurance coverage were available, these expenses could have an adverse impact on our results of operations and financial condition.

        Future environmental regulatory developments in the United States and abroad concerning environmental issues, such as climate change, could adversely affect our operations and increase operating costs and, through their impact on our customers, reduce demand for our products and services. Actions may be taken in the future by the U.S. government, state governments within the United States, foreign governments, the International Civil Aviation Organization, or by signatory countries through a new global climate change treaty to regulate the emission of greenhouse gases by the aviation industry. The precise nature of any such requirements and their applicability to us and our customers are difficult to predict, but the impact to us and the aviation industry would likely be adverse and could be significant, including the potential for increased fuel costs, carbon taxes or fees, or a requirement to purchase carbon credits.

We may need to make significant capital expenditures to keep pace with technological developments in our industry.

        The industries in which we participate are constantly undergoing development and change, and it is likely that new products, equipment, and methods of repair and overhaul services will be introduced in the future. We may need to make significant expenditures to purchase new equipment and to train our employees to keep pace with any new technological developments. These expenditures could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Our operations would be adversely affected by a shortage of skilled personnel or work stoppages.

        We are dependent on an educated and highly skilled workforce because of the complex nature of many of our products and services. Furthermore, we have a collective bargaining agreement covering approximately 110 employees. Our ability to operate successfully and meet our customers' demands could be jeopardized if we are unable to attract and retain a sufficient number of skilled personnel, including qualified licensed mechanics, to conduct our business, or if we experience a significant or prolonged work stoppage. These and similar events may adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

        Not Applicable.

ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES

        In the Aviation Services segment, we conduct inventory management and distribution activities from our headquarters in Wood Dale, Illinois, which we own. In addition to warehouse space, this facility includes executive, sales and administrative offices. Our principal maintenance, repair, overhaul, and engineering activities for this segment are conducted at facilities leased by us in Indianapolis, Indiana; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Miami, Florida; Duluth, Minnesota; and Lake Charles, Louisiana.

        We also lease facilities in Garden City, New York; Jacksonville, Florida; Brussels, Belgium; Singapore, Republic of Singapore; and London, England, and own a building near Schiphol International Airport in the Netherlands to support activities in the Aviation Services segment.

        Our principal activities in the Expeditionary Services segment are conducted at facilities we lease in Melbourne, Florida and own in Cadillac, Michigan and Goldsboro, North Carolina.

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        We also operate sales offices which support all our activities and are leased in London, England; Crawley, England; Paris, France; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Shanghai, China; Singapore, Republic of Singapore; and Abu Dhabi, UAE.

        We believe that our owned and leased facilities are suitable and adequate for our operational requirements.

ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

        We are not a party to any material pending legal proceeding (including any governmental or environmental proceeding) other than routine litigation incidental to our business except for the following:

DynCorp International LLC v. AAR Airlift Group, Inc.

        On November 5, 2015, AAR Airlift Group, Inc. ("AAR Airlift"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of AAR CORP. filed a motion to dismiss a First Amended Complaint filed by DynCorp International LLC ("DynCorp") alleging that AAR Airlift misappropriated DynCorp's trade secrets in connection with the submission of proposals pursuant to the solicitation issued by the Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Office of Aviation ("INL/A") in support of the Department of State's Worldwide Aviation Support Services ("WASS") program.

        On January 14, 2016, the Court granted AAR Airlift's motion to dismiss the First Amended Complaint. On February 2, 2016, DynCorp filed an appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit with respect to the Court's order on the motion to dismiss and other orders issued by the Court in this case.

        AAR Airlift will continue to defend itself vigorously against DynCorp's lawsuit and any attempt to invalidate or interfere with AAR Airlift's lawful participation in the INL/A contract award competition. As of the date of this filing and as described elsewhere, the Department of State has not yet awarded the INL/A contract.

OIG Investigation

        The U.S. Department of State received—and referred to its Office of Inspector General ("OIG")—a May 2015 letter from DynCorp in which DynCorp made substantially the same allegations against AAR Airlift as set forth in both its original complaint and its First Amended Complaint. The OIG is investigating these allegations, and AAR Airlift is cooperating fully in that investigation.

        For additional information about this lawsuit, please refer to the "Legal Proceedings" section of the Company's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q filed with respect to the quarters ended August 31, 2015 and November 30, 2015.

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

        Not Applicable.

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Supplemental Item:

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

        Information concerning each of our executive officers is set forth below:

Name
  Age  
Present Position with the Company
David P. Storch   63   Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Director
Timothy J. Romenesko   59   Vice Chairman and Chief Operating Officer—Expeditionary Services, Director
Michael J. Sharp   54   Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Robert J. Regan   58   Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
John Holmes   39   Chief Operating Officer—Aviation Services
Eric S. Pachapa   43   Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer

        Mr. Storch is Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer of AAR, having served in that capacity since August 2015 and from 2005 to 2007. From 2007 to August 2015, Mr. Storch served as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer. From 1996 to 2005, Mr. Storch served as President and Chief Executive Officer and from 1989 to 1996 he served as Chief Operating Officer. Prior to that, Mr. Storch served as a Vice President of the Company from 1988 to 1989. Mr. Storch joined the Company in 1979 and also served as president of a major subsidiary from 1984 to 1988. Mr. Storch has been a director of the Company since 1989.

        Mr. Romenesko is Vice Chairman and Chief Operating Officer—Expeditionary Services, having served in that capacity since August 2015. From March 2015 to August 2015, Mr. Romenesko served as President and Chief Operating Officer—Expeditionary Services. Previously, he served as President and Chief Operating Officer of the Company from 2007, and Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from 1994 to 2007. Mr. Romenesko also served as Controller from 1991 to 1995, and in various other positions since joining AAR in 1981. Mr. Romenesko has been a director of the Company since 2007.

        Mr. Sharp is Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, having served in that capacity since October 2015. Mr. Sharp previously served as Vice President, Controller since July 1996 and Chief Accounting Officer since April 1999. Mr. Sharp was also acting Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer from October 2012 to July 2013. Prior to joining the Company, he was with Kraft Foods from 1994 to 1996, and with KPMG LLP from 1984 to 1994.

        Mr. Regan is Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary, having served in that capacity since June 2009. From 2008 to June 2009, Mr. Regan served as Vice President and General Counsel and, prior to that, Associate General Counsel since joining AAR in February 2008. Prior to joining AAR, he was a partner at the law firm of Schiff Hardin LLP since 1989.

        Mr. Holmes is Chief Operating Officer—Aviation Services, having served in that capacity since February 2015. Mr. Holmes previously served as Group Vice President, Aviation Services—Inventory Management and Distribution since 2012, General Manager and Division President of our Allen Asset Management business since 2003, and in various other positions since joining the Company in September 2001.

        Mr. Pachapa is Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer, having served in that capacity since July 2016. Mr. Pachapa previously served as Controller since October 2015 and Senior Director of Accounting and Reporting since April 2014. Prior to joining the Company, he was with Glanbia plc from 2011 to 2014, and with Ernst & Young LLP from 1996 to 2011.

        Each executive officer is elected annually by the Board of Directors at the first meeting of the Board held after the annual meeting of stockholders. Executive officers continue to hold office until their successors are duly elected or until their death, resignation, termination or reassignment.

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PART II

ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

        Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the Chicago Stock Exchange under the symbol "AIR." On June 30, 2016, there were approximately 996 holders of common stock, including participants in security position listings.

        The following table shows the range of prices for our common stock and the amount of dividends declared per share during each quarter of our last two fiscal years:


Fiscal 2016

 
  First
Quarter
  Second
Quarter
  Third
Quarter
  Fourth
Quarter
  Full Year  

Market price

                               

High

  $ 32.60   $ 24.56   $ 26.66   $ 24.61   $ 32.60  

Low

    23.51     18.69     18.93     21.00     18.69  

Dividends declared

    0.075     0.075     0.075     0.075     0.30  


Fiscal 2015

 
  First
Quarter
  Second
Quarter
  Third
Quarter
  Fourth
Quarter
  Full Year  

Market price

                               

High

  $ 28.33   $ 29.05   $ 31.93   $ 34.24   $ 34.24  

Low

    23.74     22.37     25.04     29.18     22.37  

Dividends declared

    0.075     0.075     0.075     0.075     0.30  

Stockholder Return Performance Graph

        The following graph compares the total return on a cumulative basis of $100 invested, and reinvestment of dividends in our common stock on May 31, 2011 to the Standard and Poor's ("S&P") 500 Index and the Proxy Peer Groups.


Comparison of Cumulative Five Year Total Return

GRAPHIC

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        The S&P 500 Index is comprised of domestic industry leaders in four major sectors: Industrial, Financial, Utility, and Transportation, and serves as a broad indicator of the performance of the U.S. equity market. The Fiscal 2016 Proxy Peer Group companies are listed as follows:

Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings, Inc.   KLX Inc.1
Barnes Group Inc.1   Moog Inc.
CACI International Inc1   Rockwell Collins, Inc.
Crane Co.   Science Application International Corporation1
Cubic Corporation   Teledyne Technologies Incorporated
Curtiss-Wright Corporation   TransDigm Group Incorporated
Esterline Technologies Corporation   Triumph Group, Inc.
Heico Corporation1   Wesco International, Inc.
Hexcel Corporation   Woodward, Inc.
Kaman Corporation    

1
These companies are new peer group companies added during fiscal 2016.

        Applied Industrial Technologies, Inc., B/E Aerospace, Inc., Kratos Defense & Security Solutions, Inc., Orbital ATK, Inc., and Spirit AeroSystems Holdings, Inc. are no longer included in our Proxy Peer Group. The Company annually revisits the composition of the peer group to ensure that the Company's performance is measured against those of comparably-sized and situated companies. The mix of the Company's commercial and defense businesses presents a challenge in constructing a peer group, given that many defense contractors have substantially greater resources than the Company.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

        The following table provides information about purchases we made during the quarter ended May 31, 2016 of equity securities that are registered by us pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act:

Period
  Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
  Average
Price Paid
per Share
  Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of
Publicly
Announced
Plans or
Programs1
  Approximate
Dollar Value
of Shares that
May Yet Be
Purchased
Under the
Plans or
Programs1
 

3/1/2016 - 3/31/2016

    20,000   $ 22.65     20,000        

4/1/2016 - 4/30/2016

    41,000     23.33     41,000        

5/1/2016 - 5/31/2016

                   

Total

    61,000   $ 23.11     61,000   $ 82,687,485  

1
On March 16, 2015, we announced a Board of Directors authorization to purchase up to $250 million of our common stock with no expiration date.

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ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
(In millions, except per share amounts)

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   2014   2013   2012  

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

                               

Sales

  $ 1,662.6   $ 1,594.3   $ 1,709.1   $ 1,807.9   $ 1,865.7  

Gross profit1

    236.9     159.3     288.9     259.5     287.7  

Operating income (loss)1

    65.8     (11.9 )   125.6     102.2     118.4  

Loss on extinguishment of debt2          

    (0.4 )   (44.9 )       (0.3 )   (0.7 )

Interest expense

    6.4     26.5     28.3     29.1     30.2  

Income (Loss) from continuing operations

    40.5     (54.5 )   67.2     48.8     64.9  

Income from discontinued operations3

    7.2     64.7     5.7     6.2     2.8  

Net income attributable to AAR          

    47.7     10.2     72.9     55.0     67.7  

Share data:

                               

Earnings per share—basic:

                               

Earnings (Loss) from continuing operations

  $ 1.16   $ (1.40 ) $ 1.70   $ 1.23   $ 1.61  

Earnings from discontinued operations

    0.21     1.66     0.15     0.15     0.07  

Earnings per share—basic

  $ 1.37   $ 0.26   $ 1.85   $ 1.38   $ 1.68  

Earnings per share—diluted:

                               

Earnings (Loss) from continuing operations

  $ 1.16   $ (1.40 ) $ 1.68   $ 1.23   $ 1.58  

Earnings from discontinued operations

    0.21     1.64     0.15     0.15     0.07  

Earnings per share—diluted          

  $ 1.37   $ 0.24   $ 1.83   $ 1.38   $ 1.65  

Cash dividends declared per share          

  $ 0.30   $ 0.30   $ 0.30   $ 0.30   $ 0.30  

Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic

    34.4     39.1     38.6     38.3     38.8  

Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted

    34.6     39.4     39.1     40.6     43.1  

 

 
  May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   2014   2013   2012  

FINANCIAL POSITION5

                               

Total cash and cash equivalents

  $ 31.2   $ 54.7   $ 89.2   $ 75.3   $ 67.7  

Working capital

    544.1     483.8     684.7     626.7     567.5  

Total assets

    1,442.1     1,454.1     2,159.8     2,107.0     2,163.1  

Total debt2

    150.1     154.0     634.0     708.6     792.2  

Equity4

    865.8     845.1     1,000.7     919.5     866.0  

Number of shares outstanding at end of year4

    34.5     35.4     39.6     39.4     40.3  

Book value per share of common stock

  $ 25.10   $ 23.87   $ 25.27   $ 23.34   $ 21.50  

Notes:

1
In fiscal 2015, we recognized $71.4 million in impairment charges and other losses related to product lines and inventories identified as underperforming or not part of our strategy going forward. These actions included aircraft in our aircraft lease portfolio, inventory in our supply chain and MRO operations, and certain aircraft and inventory in our expeditionary airlift business.

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    In fiscal 2013, we recorded a $29.8 million charge due to lower revenue and profit expectations on a contract supporting the KC10 aircraft as a result of lower than expected flight hours of the KC10 aircraft and changes to our anticipated recovery of costs in excess of amounts billed within this contract.

2
In fiscal 2015, we redeemed our $325 million 7.25% Senior Notes due 2022 for $370.6 million. We recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt of $44.9 million comprised of a make-whole premium of $45.6 million and unamortized deferred financing costs of $6.2 million, partially offset by an unamortized net premium of $6.9 million.

3
In fiscal 2015, we sold our Telair Cargo Group for $725 million resulting in a $198.6 million pre-tax gain. We also recognized impairment charges of $57.5 million in fiscal 2015 to reduce the carrying value of Precision Systems Manufacturing business's net assets to their expected value at the time of sale.

    In fiscal 2016, we received contingent consideration from the sale of Telair Cargo Group and recognized a pre-tax gain of $27.7 million.

4
On May 29, 2015, we repurchased 4,185,960 shares of our common stock at a price of $31.90 per share pursuant to a tender offer utilizing $133.5 million cash on hand. Fees and expenses of $1.2 million were incurred related to the tender offer and were recorded in treasury stock.

5
The Financial Position data has been recast to reflect the retrospective adoption of Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. This ASU was adopted in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 and amends existing guidance to require the presentation of debt issuance costs in the balance sheet as a deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability instead of a deferred charge. The Financial Position data has also been recast to reflect the retrospective adoption of ASU No. 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes. This ASU was adopted in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 and amends existing guidance to require the presentation of deferred tax liabilities and assets as noncurrent within a classified statement of financial position.

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ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollars in millions)

Forward-Looking Statements

        Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contain certain statements relating to future results, which are forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of management, as well as assumptions and estimates based on information available to us as of the dates such assumptions and estimates are made, and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or those anticipated, depending on a variety of factors, including those factors discussed under Item 1A, "Risk Factors." Should one or more of those risks or uncertainties materialize adversely, or should underlying assumptions or estimates prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those described. Those events and uncertainties are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many are beyond our control. We assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events.

General Overview

        During fiscal 2015, we executed on a comprehensive strategic plan that included:

    The sale of our Telair Cargo Group for cash of $714 million, resulting in pre-tax gains of $198.6 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015 (and $27.7 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2016 from the receipt of contingent consideration);

    A decision to divest our Precision Systems Manufacturing business;

    The exit of certain product lines and inventories in our aviation services businesses that were underperforming or not part of our strategy going forward;

    The reduction of our total debt by $480 million;

    The return of capital to shareholders through $151.5 million in common stock repurchases and $12.5 million of dividends.

        The divestiture of these manufacturing businesses allowed us to narrow our strategy to focus on our best in class aviation and expeditionary services. In fiscal 2016, our Aviation Services segment succeeded in expanding existing customer relationships in distribution and securing new program work with multiple international carriers. In our Expeditionary Services segment, we have completed the successful start-up of our new contract with the U.K. Ministry of Defense providing search and rescue services in the Falkland Islands.

        As we enter fiscal 2017, we remain in a strong financial position to further execute on our strategy as a best in class aviation and expeditionary services company. Our cash on hand plus unused capacity on our Revolving Credit Facility was $409 million at May 31, 2016. We expect to invest opportunistically in expanding our comprehensive suite of services to the global commercial aviation and government and defense markets.

        We report our activities in two business segments: Aviation Services and Expeditionary Services.

        The Aviation Services segment consists of businesses that provide spares and maintenance support for aircraft operated by our commercial and government/defense customers. Sales in the Aviation Services segment are derived from the sale and lease of a wide variety of new, overhauled and repaired engine and airframe parts and components to the commercial aviation and government and defense markets. We provide customized inventory supply chain management, performance based logistics programs, aircraft

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component repair management services, and aircraft modifications. The segment also includes repair, maintenance and overhaul of aircraft, landing gear and components. We also sell and lease used commercial aircraft (exclusively through joint ventures following the sale of our last two wholly-owned aircraft in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015). Cost of sales consists principally of the cost of product, direct labor, and overhead.

        The Expeditionary Services segment consists of businesses that provide products and services supporting the movement of equipment and personnel by the U.S. Department of Defense ("DoD"), foreign governments and non-governmental organizations. Sales in the Expeditionary Services segment are derived from the delivery of airlift services to mostly government and defense customers and the design and manufacture of pallets, shelters, and containers used to support the U.S. military's requirements for a mobile and agile force. We also provide system integration services for specialized command and control systems. Cost of sales consists principally of aircraft maintenance costs, depreciation, the cost of material to manufacture products, direct labor and overhead.

        Our chief operating decision making officer (Chief Executive Officer) evaluates performance based on the reportable segments and utilizes gross profit as a primary profitability measure. Gross profit is calculated by subtracting cost of sales from sales. The assets and certain expenses related to corporate activities are not allocated to the segments. Our reportable segments are aligned principally around differences in products and services.

Business Trends and Outlook for Fiscal 2017

        Consolidated sales for fiscal 2016 increased $68.3 million or 4.3% compared to the prior year primarily due to an increase in sales of $108.9 million or 8.3% in our Aviation Services segment. This growth was driven by higher volumes in distribution of $58.6 million and increased MRO sales of $53.2 million partially offset by lower demand in aftermarket parts trading of $34.2 million. Sales in the Expeditionary Services segment decreased $40.6 million or 14.6% from the prior year period due to lower demand for mobility products as the DoD reduced its purchases of these products due to reduced troop activity.

        For fiscal 2017, we expect to see continued strength in our Aviation Services segment given its strong positions in the growing global aviation market. We believe there continues to be a favorable trend by both commercial and government and defense customers for comprehensive supply chain and maintenance programs, as these customers continue to seek ways to reduce their operating cost structure. While defense budgets are expected to remain under pressure due to budgetary constraints and the current geopolitical environment, we see ongoing demand for our low cost solutions, services, and products in our Expeditionary Services segment.

        For the fiscal 2017, we expect the Company's consolidated sales in the range of $1.7 billion to $1.8 billion. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations for fiscal 2017 is expected to be in the range of $1.30 to $1.40.

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Results of Operations—Fiscal 2016 Compared with Fiscal 2015

        Sales and gross profit for our two business segments for the two years ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   % Change  

Sales:

                   

Aviation Services

                   

Commercial

  $ 1,003.5   $ 985.7     1.8 %

Defense

    421.5     330.4     27.6 %

  $ 1,425.0   $ 1,316.1     8.3 %

Expeditionary Services

                   

Commercial

  $ 16.5   $ 18.8     (12.2 )%

Defense

    221.1     259.4     (14.8 )%

  $ 237.6   $ 278.2     (14.6 )%

 

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   % Change  

Gross Profit:

                   

Aviation Services

                   

Commercial

  $ 157.5   $ 93.5     68.4 %

Defense

    72.3     50.3     43.7 %

  $ 229.8   $ 143.8     59.8 %

Expeditionary Services

                   

Commercial

  $ (0.1 ) $ 1.5     (106.7 )%

Defense

    7.2     14.0     (48.6 )%

  $ 7.1   $ 15.5     (54.2 )%

    Aviation Services Segment

        Sales in the Aviation Services segment increased $108.9 million or 8.3% over the prior year due to a $91.1 million or 27.6% increase in sales to government and defense customers. The increase in sales to government and defense customers was primarily attributable to increased volumes in both programs of $59.0 million and distribution of $27.5 million largely from the continued ramp up of programs announced in the second half of fiscal 2014.

        During fiscal 2016, sales in this segment to commercial customers increased $17.8 million or 1.8% over the prior year primarily due to higher MRO sales of $49.8 million and higher volumes in distribution of $31.2 million. These increases were partially offset by lower demand in aftermarket parts trading of $37.2 million. In fiscal 2015, we sold our last two wholly-owned aircraft for $11.0 million.

        Cost of sales in Aviation Services increased $22.9 million or 2.0% over the prior year primarily due to growth in sales volume partially offset by charges and other actions in fiscal 2015 that did not occur in fiscal 2016, including that in fiscal 2015 (i) we recognized an impairment charge of $19.5 million for rotable assets and inventory supporting certain product lines we exited in our landing gear business, (ii) we sold our last two remaining wholly-owned aircraft in our aircraft leasing portfolio resulting in a loss of $14.8 million, and (iii) we took actions to address underperforming inventories and equipment available for lease resulting in losses in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015 of $24.0 million.

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        Gross profit in the Aviation Services segment increased $86.0 million or 59.8% over the prior year. Gross profit on sales to commercial customers increased $64.0 million or 68.4% over the prior year primarily driven by the fiscal 2015 charges and other actions discussed above. The gross profit margin on sales to commercial customers increased to 15.7% compared to 9.5% in the prior year which was also attributable to the fiscal 2015 actions discussed above.

        Gross profit in this segment on sales to government and defense customers increased $22.0 million or 43.7% over the prior year with programs contributing the majority of the increase. Gross profit margin increased from 15.2% to 17.2% primarily due to these increased volumes.

        Since 2009, we have served as a subcontractor providing supply chain services and logistics support for the prime contractor on the KC10 Extender Contractor Logistics Support Program ("KC10 Program"). In February 2016, we submitted our final bid on the new KC10 Program contract, and in June 2016, the U.S. Air Force awarded the contract to a competitor. We have filed a protest with the U.S. Government Accountability Office. Due to the pending protest and the routine transition period of the services to the new provider, we expect to continue to provide KC10 logistics services through late fiscal 2017. Average annual revenue and gross profit recognized over the last three years for our KC10 logistics support services was $115.9 million and $7.4 million, respectively.

    Expeditionary Services Segment

        Sales in the Expeditionary Services segment decreased $40.6 million or 14.6% from the prior year period. The decrease in sales was driven by a decrease of $40.7 million due to lower demand for mobility products as the DoD reduced its purchases of these products due to reduced troop activity.

        Cost of sales in Expeditionary Services decreased $32.2 million or 12.3% from the prior year primarily due to the decrease in sales volume and by charges and other actions in fiscal 2015 that did not occur in fiscal 2016. Fiscal 2015 cost of sales included impairment charges of $8.9 million related to expeditionary airlift services for inventory, rotable assets and aircraft.

        Gross profit in the Expeditionary Services segment decreased $8.1 million or 54.2% from the prior year period. Lower sales of mobility products decreased gross profit $8.5 million.

    Selling, General and Administrative Expenses and Earnings from Aircraft Joint Ventures

        Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $0.6 million in fiscal 2016 or 0.4% from the prior year as fiscal 2015 included asset impairment charges on corporate assets of $3.5 million and severance costs of $1.7 million which did not occur in fiscal 2016. Incremental investments in business development activities in fiscal 2016 partially offset the benefit of the non-recurring fiscal 2015 costs.

    Loss on Extinguishment of Debt and Interest Expense

        On April 30, 2015, we redeemed our $325 million 7.25% Senior Notes due 2022 for $370.6 million. We recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt of $44.9 million comprised of a make-whole premium of $45.6 million and unamortized deferred financing costs of $6.2 million, partially offset by an unamortized net premium of $6.9 million. Interest expense decreased $20.1 million in fiscal 2016 primarily as a result of the redemption of the Senior Notes.

    Income Taxes

        Our fiscal 2016 effective income tax rate for continuing operations was 31.7% compared to 34.3% in the prior year period. The effective income tax rate for fiscal 2016 includes a benefit of $2.5 million related to the correction of prior year immaterial errors.

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Results of Operations—Fiscal 2015 Compared with Fiscal 2014

        Sales and gross profit for our two business segments for the two years ended May 31, 2015 and 2014 were as follows:

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2015   2014   % Change  

Sales:

                   

Aviation Services

                   

Commercial

  $ 985.7   $ 919.9     7.2 %

Defense

    330.4     311.3     6.1 %

  $ 1,316.1   $ 1,231.2     6.9 %

Expeditionary Services

                   

Commercial

  $ 18.8   $ 11.7     60.7 %

Defense

    259.4     466.2     (44.4 )%

  $ 278.2   $ 477.9     (41.8 )%

 

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2015   2014   % Change  

Gross Profit:

                   

Aviation Services

                   

Commercial

  $ 93.5   $ 137.6     (32.0 )%

Defense

    50.3     34.9     44.1 %

  $ 143.8   $ 172.5     (16.6 )%

Expeditionary Services

                   

Commercial

  $ 1.5   $ 1.0     50.0 %

Defense

    14.0     115.4     (87.9 )%

  $ 15.5   $ 116.4     (86.7 )%

    Aviation Services Segment

        Sales in the Aviation Services segment increased $84.9 million or 6.9% over the prior year due to a $65.8 million or 7.2% increase in sales to commercial customers. The increase in sales to commercial customers was primarily attributable to increased volumes in both programs of $40.5 million and distribution of $27.5 million. These increases were partially offset by lower volumes in our MRO facilities driven by overcapacity in the market which reduced sales by $13.7 million from the prior period. In addition, a significant engineering services program ended in the second quarter of fiscal 2014 with sales of $14.6 million in fiscal 2014.

        During fiscal 2015, sales in this segment to government and defense customers increased $19.1 million or 6.1% over the prior year primarily due to increased volume in distribution of $25.1 million and higher volumes in programs of $21.4 million. These increases were largely offset by no deliveries of aircraft to government customers in fiscal 2015 compared to the delivery of three aircraft to government customers in fiscal 2014.

        Cost of sales in Aviation Services increased $113.6 million or 10.7% over the prior year primarily due to growth in sales volume discussed above and fiscal 2015 charges and other actions to address underperforming inventories and assets no longer part of our strategy going forward. These actions included an impairment charge of $19.5 million for rotable assets and inventory supporting certain product

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lines we exited in our landing gear business, the sale of our last two remaining wholly-owned aircraft in our aircraft leasing portfolio resulting in a loss of $14.8 million, and actions to address underperforming inventories and equipment available for lease resulting in losses in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015 of $24.0 million.

        Gross profit in the Aviation Services segment decreased $28.7 million or 16.6% from the prior year. Gross profit on sales to commercial customers decreased $44.1 million or 32.0% from the prior year primarily driven by the actions discussed above related to underperforming inventories and divesting assets no longer part of our strategy going forward.

        The gross profit margin on sales to commercial customers decreased to 9.5% compared to 15.0% in the prior year primarily as a result of the actions discussed above and a decline in gross profit margins in our MRO businesses due to reduced volumes.

        Gross profit in this segment on sales to government and defense customers increased $15.4 million or 44.1% over the prior year with stronger volumes in distribution and programs contributing the majority of the increase. Gross profit margin increased from 11.2% to 15.2% primarily due to these increased volumes.

    Expeditionary Services Segment

        Sales in the Expeditionary Services segment decreased $199.7 million or 41.8% from the prior year period. The decrease in sales was due to a $155.5 million decrease in sales from expeditionary airlift services related to the reduction in aircraft positions in Afghanistan. Lower demand for mobility products represented the remainder of the decrease in sales in the Expeditionary Services segment as the DoD reduced its purchases of these products due to reduced troop activity.

        Cost of sales in Expeditionary Services decreased $98.8 million or 27.3% from the prior year primarily due to the decrease in sales volume discussed above partially offset by impairment charges of $8.9 million related to expeditionary airlift services for inventory, rotable assets and aircraft.

        Gross profit in the Expeditionary Services segment decreased $100.9 million or 86.7% from the prior year period with the reduction in aircraft positions for expeditionary airlift services comprising the majority of the decrease in gross profit. The lower sales volumes at our mobility products business contributed $18.4 million to the gross profit decrease.

    Selling, General and Administrative Expenses and Earnings from Aircraft Joint Ventures

        Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $5.1 million in fiscal 2015 primarily as a result of asset impairment charges on corporate assets of $3.5 million, severance costs of $1.7 million and incremental investments in business development activities. These incremental expenses were partially offset by the realization of benefits from the cost control measures implemented by the Company during fiscal 2014.

        Earnings from aircraft joint ventures decreased $2.8 million primarily attributable to the Company's share of the loss from the sale of one aircraft from our aircraft joint venture portfolio.

    Income Taxes

        Our fiscal 2015 effective income tax rate for continuing operations was 34.3% compared to 32.0% in the prior year period. Our fiscal 2014 effective income tax rate for continuing operations included a $2.6 million reduction in income tax expense related to changes in estimates originally used in the tax provision which were adjusted to actual on the federal income tax return. In addition, our higher taxable income in fiscal 2014 provided a greater tax benefit of $1.6 million related to the Domestic Production Activities Deduction in accordance with Internal Revenue Code Section 199.

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    Loss on Extinguishment of Debt and Interest Expense

        On April 30, 2015, we redeemed our $325 million 7.25% Senior Notes due 2022 for $370.6 million. We recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt of $44.9 million comprised of a make-whole premium of $45.6 million and unamortized deferred financing costs of $6.2 million, partially offset by an unamortized net premium of $6.9 million. Interest expense decreased $1.8 million in fiscal 2015 primarily as a result of the redemption of the Senior Notes.

Liquidity, Capital Resources and Financial Position

        Our operating activities are funded and commitments met through the generation of cash from operations. Periodically, we may raise capital through common stock and debt financings in the public or private markets. In addition to these cash sources, our current capital resources include an unsecured credit facility. We continually evaluate various financing arrangements, including the issuance of common stock or debt, which would allow us to improve our liquidity position and finance future growth on commercially reasonable terms. Our continuing ability to borrow from our lenders and issue debt and equity securities to the public and private markets in the future may be negatively affected by a number of factors, including the overall health of the credit markets, general economic conditions, airline industry conditions, geo-political events, and our operating performance. Our ability to generate cash from operations is influenced primarily by our operating performance and changes in working capital.

        At May 31, 2016, our liquidity and capital resources included cash of $31.2 million and working capital of $544.1 million.

        On March 24, 2015, we entered into an amendment (the "Amendment") to our Revolving Credit Facility dated April 12, 2011, as amended, with various financial institutions, as lenders and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent for the lenders. Under the terms of the Revolving Credit Facility as in effect prior to the Amendment, the aggregate revolving credit commitment amount under the Revolving Credit Facility was $475 million. The Amendment increased the aggregate revolving credit commitment from $475 million to $500 million and provided that the Company, under certain circumstances, may request an increase to the revolving credit commitment by an aggregate amount of up to $250 million, not to exceed $750 million in total.

        The Amendment also extended the maturity of the Revolving Credit Facility by approximately two years to March 24, 2020; deleted the minimum fixed charge coverage ratio; and added a minimum interest coverage ratio.

        Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility in effect prior to the Amendment bore interest at the offered Eurodollar Rate plus 125 to 225 basis points based on certain financial measurements if a Eurodollar Rate loan, or at the offered fluctuating Base Rate plus 25 to 125 basis points based on certain financial measurements if a Base Rate loan. The Amendment generally reduced the interest rate on borrowings by 25 basis points. Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility subsequent to the Amendment bear interest at the offered Eurodollar Rate plus 100 to 200 basis points based on certain financial measurements if a Eurodollar Rate loan, or at the offered fluctuating Base Rate plus 0 to 100 basis points based on certain financial measurements if a Base Rate loan.

        Borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility at May 31, 2016 were $110.0 million and there were approximately $12.3 million of outstanding letters of credit, which reduced the availability of this facility to $377.7 million. There are no other terms or covenants limiting the availability of this facility. We also had $4.4 million available under foreign lines of credit at May 31, 2016.

        We intend to retire maturities due in fiscal 2017 through a combination of cash on hand and borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility.

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        At May 31, 2016, we complied with all financial and other covenants under each of our financing arrangements.

Cash Flows—Fiscal 2016 Compared with Fiscal 2015

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

        Net cash provided from operating activities—continuing operations was $30.4 million in fiscal 2016 compared to $68.6 million in fiscal 2015. The decrease of $38.2 million was primarily attributable to a decrease in accrued and other liabilities including income tax payments of $35.7 million in fiscal 2016.

        In addition, inventory and accounts receivable increased $31.5 million in Aviation Services driven by sales growth in fiscal 2016 of 6.9% over the prior fiscal year. The sales growth was principally due to new contract wins in programs and distribution.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

        Net cash used in investing activities—continuing operations was $47.1 million in fiscal 2016 compared to cash provided by investing activities—continuing operations of $7.2 million in fiscal 2015. The decrease of $54.3 million over the comparable prior period was attributable to additional capital expenditures in fiscal 2016 primarily in expeditionary airlift services. Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions were $38.5 million and $40.3 million in fiscal 2016 and 2015, respectively.

        Net cash provided from investing activities—discontinued operations was $30.2 million in fiscal 2016 which included $28.3 of proceeds from contingent consideration related to our fiscal 2015 sale of Telair Cargo Group. In fiscal 2015, we received proceeds of $686.1 million after fees and expenses from the sale of Telair Cargo Group.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

        Net cash used in financing activities—continuing operations was $38.4 million in fiscal 2016 compared to $677.5 million in fiscal 2015. The decrease of $639.1 million was primarily attributable to the use of our proceeds from our sale of the Telair Cargo Group in fiscal 2015 to reduce our long-term borrowings by $394.8 million, including the redemption of our $325 million 7.25% Senior Notes for $370.6 million. Proceeds from the sale of the Telair Cargo Group were also used to repurchase common stock via a tender offer in fiscal 2015 and other open market purchases which used $151.5 million of cash including fees and expenses compared to treasury stock purchases in fiscal 2016 of only $18.8 million.

Cash Flows—Fiscal 2015 Compared with Fiscal 2014

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

        Net cash provided from operating activities—continuing operations was $68.6 million in fiscal 2015 compared to $166.3 million in fiscal 2014. The decrease of $97.7 million was primarily attributable to lower net income as a result of a $100.9 million reduction in gross profit in our Expeditionary Services segment.

        In addition, inventory and accounts receivable increased $35.0 million and $7.4 million, respectively, in our supply chain business driven by sales growth in fiscal 2015 of 16.8% over the prior fiscal year. The sales growth was principally due to the continued ramp up of programs announced in the second half of fiscal 2014. These increased uses of cash were partially offset by less investment during fiscal 2015 in equipment on or available for long-term lease as fiscal 2014 included an acquisition of equipment to support new supply chain programs.

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Cash Flows from Investing Activities

        Net cash provided by investing activities—continuing operations was $7.2 million in fiscal 2015 compared to a use of cash of $19.9 million in fiscal 2014. The increase of $27.1 million over the comparable prior period was primarily attributable to proceeds of $40.3 million received in fiscal 2015 from sale-leaseback transactions for two aircraft from our expeditionary airlift business partially offset by higher capital expenditures in fiscal 2015.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

        Net cash used in financing activities—continuing operations was $677.5 million in fiscal 2015 compared to $85.9 million in fiscal 2014. The decrease of $591.6 million was primarily attributable to the use of our proceeds from our sale of the Telair Cargo Group to reduce our long-term borrowings by $394.8 million, including the redemption of our $325 million 7.25% Senior Notes for $370.6 million. We also reduced the outstanding balance on our Revolving Credit Facility by $80 million during fiscal 2015. Proceeds from the sale of the Telair Cargo Group were also used to repurchase common stock via a tender offer and other open market purchases which used $151.5 million of cash including fees and expenses.

Contractual Obligations and Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

        A summary of contractual cash obligations and off-balance sheet arrangements as of May 31, 2016 is as follows:

 
  Payments Due by Period  
 
  Total   Due in
Fiscal
2017
  Due in
Fiscal
2018
  Due in
Fiscal
2019
  Due in
Fiscal
2020
  Due in
Fiscal
2021
  After
Fiscal
2021
 

On Balance Sheet:

                                           

Debt

  $ 25.0   $   $   $ 25.0   $   $   $  

Bank borrowings

    120.0     10.0             110.0          

Capital leases

    5.1     1.8     1.9     1.2     0.2          

Interest1

    7.3     2.2     2.1     1.7     1.3          

Off Balance Sheet:

   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
 

Facilities and equipment operating leases

    148.5     26.0     21.2     17.3     15.4     14.8     53.8  

Purchase obligations2

    227.5     186.0     31.3     6.6     0.4     2.7     0.5  

Pension contribution

    7.3     7.3                      

Notes:

1
Interest associated with variable rate debt was determined using the interest rate in effect on May 31, 2016.

2
Purchase obligations arise in the ordinary course of business and represent a binding commitment to acquire inventory, including raw materials, parts, and components, as well as equipment to support the operations of our business.

        We routinely issue letters of credit and performance bonds in the ordinary course of business. These instruments are typically issued in conjunction with insurance contracts or other business requirements. The total of these instruments outstanding at May 31, 2016 was $12.3 million.

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Estimates

        Our Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Management has made estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities to prepare the Consolidated

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Financial Statements. The most significant estimates made by management include those related to assumptions used in assessing goodwill impairment, adjustments to reduce the value of inventories and certain rotables, revenue recognition, and assumptions used in determining pension plan obligations. Accordingly, actual results could differ materially from those estimates. The following is a summary of the accounting policies considered critical by management.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

        Under accounting standards for goodwill and other intangible assets, goodwill and other intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized, but are subject to annual impairment tests. We review and evaluate our goodwill and indefinite life intangible assets for potential impairment at a minimum annually, on May 31, or more frequently if circumstances indicate that impairment is possible.

        The accounting standards for goodwill allow for either a qualitative or quantitative approach for the annual impairment test. Under the qualitative approach, factors such as macroeconomic conditions, industry and market conditions and entity relevant events or circumstances are assessed to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. For the quantitative approach, we compare the fair value of each reporting unit with the carrying value of the reporting unit, including goodwill. If the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying value of the reporting unit, we would be required to complete a second step to determine the amount of goodwill impairment. The second step of the test requires the allocation of the reporting unit's fair value to its assets and liabilities, including any unrecognized intangible assets, in a hypothetical analysis that calculates the implied fair value of goodwill as if the reporting unit was being acquired in a business combination. If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than the carrying value, the difference is recorded as an impairment loss.

        As of May 31, 2016, we have five reporting units as defined by Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other with only four of the reporting units' assigned goodwill. Our four reporting units with goodwill include two in our Aviation Services segment (Supply Chain and Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul) and two in our Expeditionary Services segment (Airlift and Mobility). We utilized the qualitative assessment approach for the two Aviation Services reporting units with the two Expeditionary Services reporting units tested using the quantitative two-step testing process.

        We estimate the fair value of the Expeditionary Services reporting units using an income approach based on discounted cash flows. The assumptions we used to estimate the fair value of these reporting units are based on historical performance as well as forecasts derived from our current business plan. The discounted cash flow valuation approach is highly dependent on certain components of our business plan including estimates of future sales, operating income, depreciation and amortization, income taxes, changes in working capital, and capital expenditures. All of these factors are affected by economic conditions related to the aerospace and defense industries as well as conditions in the global capital markets.

        In addition to the business plan specific assumptions, the expected long-term cash flow growth rates and weighted average cost of capital ("WACC") are significant assumptions in the valuations. The WACC for each reporting unit was comprised of a weighted blend of an estimated rate of return on equity (based on publicly traded companies with business and economic risk characteristics comparable to each of our reporting units, i.e., "Market Participants"), risk-free rate of return based on long-term U.S. Treasury Bond rates, an equity risk premium, and an after-tax rate of return on Market Participants' debt. There were no significant changes to the underlying methods used in fiscal 2016 as compared to the prior year reporting unit valuations.

        We performed the annual test of goodwill for the two Aviation Services reporting units by performing a qualitative assessment and concluded it was more likely than not that the fair value of each reporting unit exceeded their carrying values, and thus no impairment charge was recorded. Step one of the quantitative

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goodwill impairment test was completed for the two Expeditionary Services reporting units and the estimated fair value for each reporting unit exceeded its carrying value. Accordingly, there was no indication of impairment and the second step was not performed.

        We also evaluate the sensitivity of the Airlift and Mobility discounted cash flow valuations by assessing the impact of changes in certain assumptions on the estimated fair value of each reporting unit by increasing the WACC or reducing the expected long-term cash flow growth rates. We also perform sensitivity analysis on our business plan assumptions including sales and profitability. These reporting units would have had fair values in excess of their carrying values under all our sensitivity scenarios.

Inventories

        Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market (estimated net realizable value). Cost is determined by the specific identification, average cost or first-in, first-out methods. Write-downs are made for excess and obsolete inventories and inventories that have been impaired as a result of industry conditions. We have utilized certain assumptions when determining the market value of inventories, such as inventory quantities and aging, historical sales of inventory, current and expected future aviation usage trends, replacement values, expected future demand, and historical scrap recovery rates. Reductions in demand for certain of our inventories or declining market values, as well as differences between actual results and the assumptions utilized by us when determining the market value of our inventories, could result in the recognition of impairment charges in future periods.

        Due to the remote geographic locations where we operate our expeditionary airlift business and the nature of our fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, carrying large quantities of aircraft support parts is necessary in order to ensure availability of parts for servicing our fleet of aircraft. We record an excess and obsolete reserve for parts when our quantity on hand exceeds our forecasted needs or when the parts have been deemed obsolete or beyond economical repair. In addition, changes in the utilization of our fleet can affect estimates associated with our provision for excess and obsolete parts.

Revenue Recognition

        Certain supply chain management programs that we provide to our customers contain multiple elements or deliverables, such as program and warehouse management, parts distribution and maintenance and repair services. We recognize revenue for each element or deliverable that can be identified as a separate unit of accounting at the time of delivery based upon the relative fair value of the products and services.

        Sales and related cost of sales for certain large airframe maintenance contracts and performance-based logistics programs are recognized using contract accounting under the percentage of completion method in accordance with ASC 605-35, Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts. In applying the percentage of completion method, we use the cost-to-cost method based on the ratio of actual costs incurred to total estimated costs to be incurred.

        In connection with these contracts and programs, we are required to make certain judgments and estimates, including estimated revenues and costs, as well as inflation and the overall profitability of the program and the relative fair value of each element of the arrangement. Key assumptions involved in our contract accounting include future labor costs and efficiencies, overhead costs, and ultimate timing of product delivery. Differences may occur between the judgments and estimates made by management and actual program results.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

        We are required to test for impairment of long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable from its undiscounted cash

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flows. When applying accounting standards addressing impairment to long-lived assets, we have utilized certain assumptions to estimate future undiscounted cash flows, including current and future sales volumes or lease rates, expected changes to cost structures, lease terms, residual values, market conditions, and trends impacting future demand. Differences between actual results and the assumptions utilized by us when determining undiscounted cash flows could result in future impairments of long-lived assets.

        We maintain a significant inventory of rotable parts and equipment to service customer aircraft and components. Portions of that inventory are used parts that are often exchanged with parts removed from aircraft or components, and are reworked to a useable condition. We may have to recognize an impairment of our rotable parts and equipment if we discontinue using or servicing certain aircraft models or if an older aircraft model is phased-out in the industry.

Pension Plans

        The liabilities and net periodic cost of our pension plans are determined utilizing several actuarial assumptions, the most significant of which are the discount rate and the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets.

        AAR uses discount rates to measure our benefit obligation and net periodic benefit cost for our pension plans. We used a broad population of Aa-rated corporate bonds as of May 31, 2016 to determine the discount rate assumption. All bonds were denominated in U.S. Dollars, with a minimum outstanding of $50.0 million. This population of bonds was narrowed from a broader universe of over 500 Moody's Aa-rated, non-callable (or callable with make-whole provisions) bonds by eliminating the top 10th percentile and the bottom 40th percentile to adjust for any pricing anomalies and to represent the bonds we would most likely select if we were to actually annuitize our pension plan liabilities. This portfolio of bonds was used to generate a yield curve and associated spot rate curve to discount the projected benefit payments for the domestic plans. The discount rate is the single level rate that produces the same result as the spot rate curve.

        We establish the long-term asset return assumption based on a review of historical compound average asset returns, both company-specific and relating to the broad market, as well as analysis of current market and economic information and future expectations. The current asset return assumption is supported by historical market experience for both our actual and target asset allocation. In calculating the net pension cost, the expected return on assets is applied to a calculated value on plan assets, which recognizes changes in the fair value of plan assets in a systematic manner over five years. The difference between this expected return and the actual return on plan assets is a component of the total net unrecognized gain or loss and is subject to amortization in the future.

New Accounting Pronouncements

        In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2015-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which provides guidance for revenue recognition. This ASU affects any entity that either enters into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services or enters into contracts for the transfer of non-financial assets. This ASU will supersede the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific guidance. This ASU will also supersede certain cost guidance included in Subtopic 605-35, Revenue Recognition—Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14 which deferred the effective date of the new standard by one year which will make the new standard effective for us beginning June 1, 2018. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

        In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This ASU amends the existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets, including those classified as operating leases under the current accounting guidance. In addition, this ASU

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will require new qualitative and quantitative disclosures about the Company's leasing activities. This new standard will be effective for us beginning June 1, 2019 with early adoption permitted. This ASU requires a modified retrospective transition approach for all leases existing at, or entered into after, the date of initial application, with an option to use certain transition relief. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

        In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, which requires that a disposal representing a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on an entity's financial results or a business activity classified as held for sale should be reported as discontinued operations. This ASU also expands the disclosure requirements for discontinued operations and adds new disclosures for individually significant dispositions that do not qualify as discontinued operations. The Company adopted this guidance on June 1, 2015 which resulted in expanded disclosures related to the income statement and cash flow activities of our discontinued operations.

        In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. This ASU amends existing guidance to require the presentation of debt issuance costs in the balance sheet as a deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability instead of a deferred charge. We have elected to early adopt this new ASU retrospectively in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 which resulted in the reclassification of debt issuance costs of $2.6 million from Other in noncurrent assets to Long-term debt, less current maturities as of May 31, 2015.

        In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes. This ASU amends existing guidance to require the presentation of deferred tax liabilities and assets as noncurrent within a classified statement of financial position. We have elected to early adopt this new ASU retrospectively in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 which resulted in the reclassification of deferred tax assets of $58.3 million from current assets to noncurrent liabilities as of May 31, 2015.

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ITEM 7A.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
(Dollars in millions)

        Our exposure to market risk includes fluctuating interest rates under our credit agreements, changes in foreign exchange rates, and credit losses on accounts receivable. See Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion on accounts receivable exposure.

        We are exposed to the risk that our earnings and cash flows could be adversely impacted by fluctuations in interest rates. We manage interest costs by using a mix of fixed- and floating-rate debt.

        A 10 percent increase in the average interest rate affecting our financial instruments, including the average outstanding balance of our debt obligations and related derivatives, would not have had a significant impact on our pre-tax income during fiscal 2016.

        Revenues and expenses of our foreign operations are translated at average exchange rates during the year, and balance sheet accounts are translated at year-end exchange rates. Balance sheet translation adjustments are excluded from the results of operations and are recorded in stockholders' equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss. A hypothetical 10 percent devaluation of the U.S. dollar against foreign currencies would not have had a material impact on our financial position or continuing operations during fiscal 2016.

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ITEM 8.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders
AAR CORP.:

        We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of AAR CORP. and subsidiaries as of May 31, 2016 and 2015, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income (loss), changes in equity and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended May 31, 2016. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

        We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

        In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of AAR CORP. and subsidiaries as of May 31, 2016 and 2015, and the results of their operations, and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended May 31, 2016, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

        We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), AAR CORP.'s internal control over financial reporting as of May 31, 2016, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated July 13, 2016 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

    /s/ KPMG LLP

Chicago, Illinois
July 13, 2016

 

 

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AAR CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   2014  
 
  (In millions, except per share data)
 

Sales:

                   

Sales from products

  $ 901.4   $ 891.4   $ 901.3  

Sales from services

    761.2     702.9     807.8  

    1,662.6     1,594.3     1,709.1  

Costs and operating expenses:

                   

Cost of products

    757.2     836.5     794.0  

Cost of services

    668.5     598.5     626.2  

Selling, general and administrative

    170.8     171.4     166.3  

    1,596.5     1,606.4     1,586.5  

Earnings (Loss) from joint ventures

    (0.3 )   0.2     3.0  

Operating income (loss)

    65.8     (11.9 )   125.6  

Loss on extinguishment of debt

    (0.4 )   (44.9 )    

Interest expense

    (6.4 )   (26.5 )   (28.3 )

Interest income

    0.3     0.3     1.5  

Income (Loss) from continuing operations before provision for income taxes

    59.3     (83.0 )   98.8  

Provision for income tax (benefit)

    18.8     (28.5 )   31.6  

Income (Loss) from continuing operations attributable to AAR

    40.5     (54.5 )   67.2  

Discontinued operations:

                   

Operating income (loss)

    (8.2 )   (1.5 )   6.5  

Gain on sale of Telair Cargo Group

    27.7     198.6      

Impairment charges

        (57.5 )    

Provision for income taxes

    12.3     74.7     0.5  

Income from discontinued operations

    7.2     64.9     6.0  

Income attributable to noncontrolling interest from discontinued operations

        (0.2 )   (0.3 )

Income from discontinued operations attributable to AAR

    7.2     64.7     5.7  

Net income attributable to AAR

  $ 47.7   $ 10.2   $ 72.9  

Earnings per share—basic:

                   

Earnings (Loss) from continuing operations

  $ 1.16   $ (1.40 ) $ 1.70  

Earnings from discontinued operations

    0.21     1.66     0.15  

Earnings per share—basic

  $ 1.37   $ 0.26   $ 1.85  

Earnings per share—diluted:

                   

Earnings (Loss) from continuing operations

  $ 1.16   $ (1.40 ) $ 1.68  

Earnings from discontinued operations

    0.21     1.64     0.15  

Earnings per share—diluted

  $ 1.37   $ 0.24   $ 1.83  

   

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
are an integral part of these statements.

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AAR CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   2014  
 
  (In millions)
 

Net income attributable to AAR and noncontrolling interest

  $ 47.7   $ 10.4   $ 73.2  

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

                   

Currency translation adjustments, net of tax

        (7.8 )   14.0  

Derivative instruments, net of tax expense of $1.4 in 2015 and $0.4 in 2014          

        2.6     0.7  

Unrecognized pension and post retirement costs, net of tax benefit of $2.1 in 2016, $3.2 in 2015, and $0.8 in 2014

    (4.0 )   (5.9 )   (1.5 )

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

    (4.0 )   (11.1 )   13.2  

Comprehensive income (loss)

    43.7     (0.7 )   86.4  

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

        (0.2 )   (0.3 )

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to AAR

  $ 43.7   $ (0.9 ) $ 86.1  

   

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
are an integral part of these statements.

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AAR CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

ASSETS

 
  May 31,  
 
  2016   2015  
 
  (In millions)
 

Current assets:

             

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 31.2   $ 54.7  

Accounts receivable

    242.7     229.0  

Inventories

    445.4     456.0  

Rotable spares and equipment on or available for short-term lease

    118.3     110.7  

Assets of discontinued operations

    7.6     17.0  

Deposits, prepaids and other

    27.9     28.4  

Total current assets

    873.1     895.8  

Property, plant and equipment, at cost:

             

Land

    3.4     3.4  

Buildings and improvements

    93.2     86.4  

Aircraft, equipment, furniture and fixtures

    553.5     523.5  

    650.1     613.3  

Accumulated depreciation

    (417.3 )   (398.5 )

    232.8     214.8  

Other assets:

             

Goodwill

    117.3     123.5  

Intangible assets, net

    35.8     36.7  

Equipment on or available for long-term lease

    81.1     80.2  

Investment in aircraft joint ventures

    15.0     20.5  

Other

    87.0     82.6  

    336.2     343.5  

  $ 1,442.1   $ 1,454.1  

   

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
are an integral part of these statements.

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AAR CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 
  May 31,  
 
  2016   2015  
 
  (In millions)
 

Current liabilities:

             

Current maturities of long-term debt

  $ 12.0   $ 69.0  

Accounts and trade notes payable

    163.4     142.3  

Accrued liabilities

    153.6     200.7  

Total current liabilities

    329.0     412.0  

Long-term debt, less current maturities

    136.1     82.4  

Deferred tax liabilities

    34.3     46.3  

Other liabilities and deferred income

    76.9     68.3  

    247.3     197.0  

Equity:

             

Preferred stock, $1.00 par value, authorized 250,000 shares; none issued

         

Common stock, $1.00 par value, authorized 100,000,000 shares; issued 44,867,703 and 44,895,934 shares at cost, respectively

    44.9     44.9  

Capital surplus

    451.3     442.6  

Retained earnings

    681.6     644.3  

Treasury stock, 10,353,153 and 9,473,058 shares at cost, respectively

    (267.6 )   (246.3 )

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    (44.4 )   (40.4 )

Total equity

    865.8     845.1  

  $ 1,442.1   $ 1,454.1  

   

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
are an integral part of these statements.

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AAR CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

FOR THE THREE YEARS ENDED MAY 31, 2016

(In millions)

 
  Common
Stock
  Capital
Surplus
  Retained
Earnings
  Treasury
Stock
  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
  Total AAR
Stockholders'
Equity
  Noncontrolling
Interest
  Total
Equity
 

Balance, May 31, 2013

  $ 44.7   $ 431.6   $ 584.9   $ (100.1 ) $ (42.5 ) $ 918.6   $ 0.9   $ 919.5  

Net income

            72.9             72.9     0.3     73.2  

Cash dividends

            (11.8 )           (11.8 )       (11.8 )

Stock option activity

        2.8         5.0         7.8         7.8  

Restricted stock activity

        2.0         (2.2 )       (0.2 )       (0.2 )

Repurchase of shares

                (1.0 )       (1.0 )       (1.0 )

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

                    13.2     13.2         13.2  

Balance, May 31, 2014

  $ 44.7   $ 436.4   $ 646.0   $ (98.3 ) $ (29.3 ) $ 999.5   $ 1.2   $ 1,000.7  

Net income

            10.2             10.2     0.2     10.4  

Cash dividends

            (11.9 )           (11.9 )   (0.6 )   (12.5 )

Stock option activity

        2.1         4.2         6.3         6.3  

Restricted stock activity

    0.2     4.7         (0.7 )       4.2         4.2  

Repurchase of shares

                (151.5 )       (151.5 )       (151.5 )

Other

        (0.6 )               (0.6 )   (0.8 )   (1.4 )

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

                    (11.1 )   (11.1 )       (11.1 )

Balance, May 31, 2015

  $ 44.9   $ 442.6   $ 644.3   $ (246.3 ) $ (40.4 ) $ 845.1   $   $ 845.1  

Net income

            47.7             47.7         47.7  

Cash dividends

            (10.4 )           (10.4 )       (10.4 )

Stock option activity

        4.4         2.3         6.7         6.7  

Restricted stock activity

        4.5         (4.8 )       (0.3 )       (0.3 )

Repurchase of shares

                (18.8 )       (18.8 )       (18.8 )

Other

        (0.2 )               (0.2 )       (0.2 )

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

                    (4.0 )   (4.0 )       (4.0 )

Balance, May 31, 2016

  $ 44.9   $ 451.3   $ 681.6   $ (267.6 ) $ (44.4 ) $ 865.8   $   $ 865.8  

   

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
are an integral part of these statements.

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AAR CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

(in millions)

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   2014  

Cash flows provided from operating activities:

                   

Net income attributable to AAR and noncontrolling interest

  $ 47.7   $ 10.4   $ 73.2  

Less: Loss (Income) from discontinued operations

    (7.2 )   (64.9 )   (6.0 )

Income (Loss) from continuing operations attributable to AAR

    40.5     (54.5 )   67.2  

Adjustments to reconcile net income attributable to AAR and noncontrolling interest to net cash provided from operating activities:

                   

Depreciation and intangible amortization

    50.0     56.0     64.7  

Impairment charges

        27.4      

Amortization of stock-based compensation

    6.7     7.4     8.6  

Amortization of overhaul costs

    20.8     23.2     33.0  

Deferred tax provision (benefit)

    4.8     (52.6 )   19.0  

Loss on extinguishment of debt

    0.4     44.9      

Changes in certain assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:

                   

Accounts receivable

    (16.1 )   (4.6 )   21.1  

Inventories

    (26.4 )   (32.2 )   (26.0 )

Rotable spares and equipment on or available for short-term lease

    (7.4 )   6.6     11.3  

Equipment on or available for long-term lease

    (10.2 )   6.2     (41.7 )

Accounts and trade notes payable

    19.4     3.9     26.0  

Accrued and other liabilities

    (29.0 )   37.7     4.8  

Other, primarily program and overhaul costs

    (23.1 )   (0.8 )   (21.7 )

Net cash provided from operating activities—continuing operations

    30.4     68.6     166.3  

Net cash provided from (used in) operating activities—discontinued operations

    1.7     (111.6 )   (26.5 )

Net cash provided from (used in) operating activities

    32.1     (43.0 )   139.8  

Cash flows used in investing activities:

                   

Property, plant and equipment expenditures

    (88.4 )   (42.1 )   (20.8 )

Proceeds from sale of assets

    45.1     46.8     2.0  

Other

    (3.8 )   2.5     (1.1 )

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities—continuing operations           

    (47.1 )   7.2     (19.9 )

Net cash provided from (used in) investing activities—discontinued operations

    30.2     682.0     (21.0 )

Net cash provided from (used in) investing activities

    (16.9 )   689.2     (40.9 )

Cash flows (used in) provided from financing activities:

                   

Short-term borrowings (repayments), net

    60.0     (80.0 )   10.0  

Reduction in long-term borrowings

    (70.6 )   (394.8 )   (88.9 )

Cash dividends

    (10.4 )   (11.9 )   (11.8 )

Premium paid on early retirement of debt

        (45.6 )    

Purchase of treasury stock

    (18.8 )   (151.5 )   (1.0 )

Other

    1.4     6.3     5.8  

Net cash used in financing activities—continuing operations

    (38.4 )   (677.5 )   (85.9 )

Net cash used in financing activities—discontinued operations

        (0.6 )    

Net cash used in financing activities

    (38.4 )   (678.1 )   (85.9 )

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

    (0.3 )   (2.6 )   0.9  

Increase (Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

    (23.5 )   (34.5 )   13.9  

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

    54.7     89.2     75.3  

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

  $ 31.2   $ 54.7   $ 89.2  

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AAR CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business

        AAR CORP. is a diversified provider of services and products to the worldwide commercial aviation and government and defense markets. Services and products include: aviation supply chain and parts support programs; maintenance, repair and overhaul of airframes, landing gear, and certain other airframe components; design and manufacture of specialized pallets, shelters, and containers; expeditionary airlift services; aircraft modifications and aircraft and engine sales and leasing. We serve commercial, defense and governmental aircraft fleet operators, original equipment manufacturers, and independent service providers around the world, and various other domestic and foreign military customers.

Principles of Consolidation

        The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its majority-owned subsidiaries after elimination of intercompany accounts and transactions. The equity method of accounting is used for investments in other companies in which we have significant influence; generally this represents common stock ownership of at least 20% and not more than 50% (see Note 10 for a discussion of aircraft joint ventures).

Revenue Recognition

        Sales and related cost of sales for product sales are recognized upon shipment of the product to the customer. Our standard terms and conditions provide that title passes to the customer when the product is shipped to the customer. Sales of certain defense products are recognized upon customer acceptance, which includes transfer of title. Under the majority of our expeditionary airlift services contracts, we are paid and record as revenue a fixed daily amount per aircraft for each day an aircraft is available to perform airlift services. In addition, we are paid and record as revenue an amount which is based on number of hours flown. Sales from services and the related cost of services are generally recognized when customer-owned material is shipped back to the customer. We have adopted this accounting policy because at the time the customer-owned material is shipped back to the customer; all services related to that material are complete as our service agreements generally do not require us to provide services at customer sites. Furthermore, serviced units are typically shipped to the customer immediately upon completion of the related services. Sales and related cost of sales for certain large airframe maintenance contracts and performance-based logistics programs are recognized by the percentage of completion method, based on the relationship of costs incurred to date to the estimated total costs. Lease revenues are recognized as earned. Income from monthly or quarterly rental payments is recorded in the pertinent period according to the lease agreement. However, for leases that provide variable rents, we recognize lease income on a straight-line basis. In addition to a monthly lease rate, some engine leases require an additional rental amount based on the number of hours the engine is used in a particular month. Lease income associated with these contingent rentals is recorded in the period in which actual usage is reported to us by the lessee, which is normally the month following the actual usage.

        Certain supply chain management programs we provide to our customers contain multiple elements or deliverables, such as program and warehouse management, parts distribution, and maintenance and repair services. We recognize revenue for each element or deliverable that can be identified as a separate unit of accounting at the time of delivery based upon the relative fair value of the products and services.

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AAR CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

        Included in accounts receivable as of May 31, 2016 and 2015, are $29.8 million and $21.1 million, respectively, of unbilled accounts receivable related to our KC10 supply agreement. These unbilled accounts receivable relate to costs we have incurred on parts that were requested and accepted by our customer to support the program. These costs have not been billed by us because the customer has not issued the final paperwork necessary to allow for billing.

        Since 2009, we have served as a subcontractor providing supply chain services and logistics support for the prime contractor on the KC10 Extender Contractor Logistics Support Program ("KC10 Program"). In February 2016, we submitted our final bid on the new KC10 Program contract, and in June 2016, the U.S. Air Force awarded the contract to a competitor. We have filed a protest with the U.S. Government Accountability Office. Due to the pending protest and the routine transition period of the services to the new provider, we expect to continue to provide KC10 logistics services through late fiscal 2017. Average annual revenue and gross profit recognized over the last three years for our KC10 logistics support services was $115.9 million and $7.4 million, respectively.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

        We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts to reflect the expected uncollectibility of accounts receivable based on past collection history and specific risks identified among uncollected accounts. In determining the required allowance, we consider factors such as general and industry-specific economic conditions, customer credit history, and our customers' current and expected future financial performance. The majority of our customers are recurring customers with an established payment history. Certain customers are required to undergo an extensive credit check prior to delivery of products or services.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

        In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other, goodwill and other intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized, but are subject to annual impairment tests. We review and evaluate our goodwill and indefinite life intangible assets for potential impairment at a minimum annually, on May 31, or more frequently if circumstances indicate that impairment is possible.

        We utilize both the qualitative approach and the two-step quantitative approach to evaluate goodwill for impairment. In the first step of the quantitative approach, we compare the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying value, including goodwill. If the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value, we would be required to complete a second step to determine the amount of goodwill impairment. The second step of the test requires the allocation of the reporting unit's fair value to its assets and liabilities, including any unrecognized intangible assets, in a hypothetical analysis that calculates the implied fair value of goodwill as if the reporting unit was being acquired in a business combination. If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than the carrying value, the difference is recorded as an impairment loss.

        As of May 31, 2016, we have five reporting units with only four of the reporting units' assigned goodwill. Our four reporting units with goodwill include two in our Aviation Services segment (Supply Chain and Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul) and two in our Expeditionary Services segment (Airlift and Mobility). We utilized the qualitative assessment approach for the two Aviation Services reporting

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(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

units with the two Expeditionary Services reporting units tested using the quantitative two-step testing process.

        We performed the annual test of goodwill for the two Aviation Services reporting units by performing a qualitative assessment and concluded it was more likely than not that the fair value of each reporting unit exceeded their carrying values, and thus no impairment charge was recorded. Step one of the quantitative goodwill impairment test was completed for the two Expeditionary Services reporting units and the estimated fair value for each reporting unit exceeded its carrying value. Accordingly, there was no indication of impairment and the second step was not performed.

        We estimate the fair value of each Expeditionary Services reporting unit using an income approach based on discounted cash flows. The assumptions we used to estimate the fair value of these reporting units are based on historical performance, as well as forecasts used in our current business plan and require considerable management judgment. We use a discount rate based on our consolidated weighted average cost of capital which is adjusted for each of our reporting units based on their specific risk and size characteristics. The fair value measurements used for our goodwill impairment testing use significant unobservable inputs, which reflect our own assumptions about the inputs that market participants would use in measuring fair value. The fair value of our reporting units is also impacted by our overall market capitalization and may be impacted by volatility in our stock price and assumed control premium, among other items.

        In connection with the fiscal 2015 change in reportable segments discussed in Note 14—Business Segment Information and the divestitures discussed in Note 2—Discontinued Operations, we reallocated goodwill across these new segments based on a relative fair value basis. Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for fiscal 2016 and 2015 are as follows:

 
  Aviation
Services
  Expeditionary
Services
  Discontinued
Operations
  Total  

Balance as of May 31, 2014

  $ 75.7   $ 45.0   $ 141.0   $ 261.7  

Reallocation of goodwill

        4.7     (4.7 )    

Businesses sold or assets held for sale

            (136.3 )   (136.3 )

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    (1.9 )           (1.9 )

Balance as of May 31, 2015

    73.8     49.7         123.5  

Acquisition

        1.3         1.3  

Deferred tax adjustments

    (6.5 )           (6.5 )

Foreign currency translation adjustments

    (1.0 )           (1.0 )

Balance as of May 31, 2016

  $ 66.3   $ 51.0   $   $ 117.3  

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

        Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. Intangible assets, other than goodwill, are comprised of the following:

 
  May 31, 2016  
 
  Gross   Accumulated
Amortization
  Net  

Amortizable intangible assets:

                   

Customer relationships

  $ 22.7   $ (10.5 ) $ 12.2  

Developed technology

    11.4     (4.6 )   6.8  

Lease agreements

    21.5     (9.9 )   11.6  

FAA certificates

    5.2     (1.5 )   3.7  

Trademarks

    0.2         0.2  

    61.0     (26.5 )   34.5  

Unamortized intangible assets:

                   

Trademarks

    1.3         1.3  

  $ 62.3   $ (26.5 ) $ 35.8  

 

 
  May 31, 2015  
 
  Gross   Accumulated
Amortization
  Net  

Amortizable intangible assets:

                   

Customer relationships

  $ 23.4   $ (9.0 ) $ 14.4  

Developed technology

    8.0     (3.5 )   4.5  

Lease agreements

    21.5     (8.7 )   12.8  

FAA certificates

    5.0     (1.3 )   3.7  

    57.9     (22.5 )   35.4  

Unamortized intangible assets:

                   

Trademarks

    1.3         1.3  

  $ 59.2   $ (22.5 ) $ 36.7  

        Customer relationships are being amortized over 10-20 years, developed technology is being amortized over 7-15 years, lease agreements are being amortized over 18 years, and the FAA certificates are being amortized over 20 years. Amortization expense recorded during fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014 was $4.4 million, $4.6 million, and $4.7 million, respectively. The estimated aggregate amount of amortization expense for intangible assets in each of the next five fiscal years is $4.9 million in 2017, $4.7 million in 2018, $3.9 million in 2019, $3.8 million in 2020 and $3.5 million in 2021.

Foreign Currency

        Our foreign subsidiaries utilize the local currency as their functional currency. All balance sheet accounts of foreign subsidiaries transacting business in currencies other than the U.S. dollar are translated at year-end exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated at average exchange rates during the

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(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

year. Translation adjustments are excluded from the results of operations and are recorded in stockholders' equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss until such subsidiaries are liquidated.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

        Cash and cash equivalents consist of highly liquid instruments which have original maturities of three months or less when purchased.

Financial Instruments and Concentrations of Market or Credit Risk

        Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of market or credit risk consist principally of trade receivables. While our trade receivables are diverse and represent a number of entities and geographic regions, the majority are with the U.S. Department of Defense and its contractors and entities in the aviation industry. Accounts receivable due from the U.S. Department of Defense were $43.7 million and $39.2 million at May 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Additionally, included in accounts receivable as of May 31, 2016 and 2015, are $42.4 million and $41.1 million, respectively, of accounts receivable from a large defense contractor. We perform regular evaluations of customer payment experience, current financial condition, and risk analysis. We may require collateral in the form of security interests in assets, letters of credit, and/or obligation guarantees from financial institutions for transactions executed on other than normal trade terms.

        The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts and trade notes payable approximate fair value because of the short-term maturity of these instruments. The carrying value of long-term debt bearing a variable interest rate approximates fair value.

        Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time based on relevant market information about the financial instrument. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and therefore cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect the estimates.

Inventories

        Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market (estimated net realizable value). Cost is determined by the specific identification, average cost, or first-in, first-out methods. From time-to-time, we purchase aircraft and engines for disassembly to individual parts and components. Costs are assigned to these individual parts and components utilizing list prices from original equipment manufacturers and recent sales history.

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(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

        The following is a summary of inventories:

 
  May 31,  
 
  2016   2015  

Raw materials and parts

  $ 44.0   $ 43.1  

Work-in-process

    20.2     18.1  

Aircraft and engine parts, components and finished goods

    365.5     337.0  

Aircraft held for sale and related support parts

    15.7     57.8  

  $ 445.4   $ 456.0  

        We classify certain aircraft from our expeditionary airlift business as assets held for sale at the time management commits to a plan to sell the aircraft, changes to the planned sale are not likely, the aircraft are actively marketed and available for immediate sale, and the sale is expected to be completed within one year. Upon designation of an aircraft as held for sale, we record the aircraft's value at the lower of its carrying value or its estimated fair value, less estimated costs to sell. Assets held for sale are not depreciated.

        Aircraft may be classified as assets held for sale for more than one year as we continue to actively market the aircraft at reasonable prices. Certain aircraft types we currently have available for sale are specifically designed for particular functions which limits the marketability of those assets. We had eight aircraft held for sale comprised of five fixed-wing and three rotary-wing aircraft at May 31, 2016 and eleven aircraft held for sale comprised of five fixed-wing and six rotary-wing aircraft at May 31, 2015. During fiscal 2015, we recognized impairment charges of $8.9 million reflecting the decrease in fair value for certain aircraft held for sale and related rotable assets.

        During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, we entered into a sale-leaseback transaction for our two S-92 rotary-wing aircraft resulting in the recognition of a loss of $1.1 million. We received proceeds of $40.3 million in fiscal 2015 which were deferred as a sale-leaseback advance pending completion of the sale transactions. Both of the S-92 aircraft sales were completed in fiscal 2016.

Equipment under Leases

        Lease revenue is recognized as earned. The cost of the asset under lease is the original purchase price plus overhaul costs. Depreciation for aircraft is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated service life of the equipment. The balance sheet classification of equipment under lease is generally based on lease term, with fixed-term leases less than twelve months generally classified as short-term and all others generally classified as long-term.

        Equipment on short-term lease includes aircraft engines and parts on or available for lease to satisfy customers' immediate short-term requirements. The leases are renewable with fixed terms, which generally vary from one to twelve months. In conjunction with our decision to exit certain product lines in our landing gear business, we recognized an impairment charge of $17.7 million related to rotable assets in fiscal 2015.

        Equipment on long-term lease consists of engines on lease with commercial airlines generally for more than twelve months and rotable parts used to support long-term supply chain programs. The rotable

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(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

parts included in equipment on long-term lease are being depreciated on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015, we sold our two remaining wholly-owned aircraft which were on long-term leases for $11.0 million which resulted in a loss on sale of $14.8 million.

        Future rent due to us under non-cancelable leases during each of the next five fiscal years is $17.1 million in 2017, $16.9 million in 2018, $16.8 million in 2019, $16.7 million in 2020, and $16.1 million in 2021.

Property, Plant and Equipment

        We record property, plant and equipment at cost. Depreciation is computed on the straight-line method over useful lives of 10-40 years for buildings and improvements and 3-10 years for equipment, furniture and fixtures, and capitalized software. Aircraft, major components in service, and associated rotable assets to support our expeditionary airlift services are depreciated over their estimated useful lives, which is generally 7-30 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the estimated useful life or the term of the applicable lease.

        Repair and maintenance expenditures are expensed as incurred. Upon sale or disposal, cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and related gains and losses are included in results of operations.

        In accordance with ASC 360, Property, Plant and Equipment, we are required to test for impairment of long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable from its undiscounted cash flows. We utilize certain assumptions to estimate future undiscounted cash flows, including demand for our services, future market conditions and trends, business development pipeline of opportunities, current and future lease rates, lease terms, and residual values.

Income Taxes

        We are subject to income taxes in the U.S., state, and several foreign jurisdictions. In the ordinary course of business, there can be transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns in accordance with applicable accounting guidance for accounting for income taxes, using currently enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse.

        We record a valuation allowance when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Both positive and negative evidence are considered in forming our judgment as to whether a valuation allowance is appropriate, and more weight is given to evidence that can be objectively verified. Valuation allowances are reassessed whenever there are changes in circumstances that may cause a change in judgment.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

        The accounting for uncertainty in income taxes requires a more-likely-than-not threshold for financial statement recognition of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. Where necessary, we record a liability for the difference between the benefit recognized for financial statement purposes and the tax position taken or expected to be taken on our tax return. To the extent that our assessment of such tax positions changes, the change in estimate is recorded in the period in which the determination is made.

Supplemental Information on Cash Flows

        Supplemental information on cash flows is as follows:

 
  For the Year Ended
May 31,
 
 
  2016   2015   2014  

Interest paid

  $ 4.7   $ 42.7   $ 33.8  

Income taxes paid

    35.7     105.6     17.3  

Income tax refunds and interest received

    1.3     12.1     7.5  

        During fiscal 2016, treasury stock increased $21.3 million reflecting the repurchase of common shares of $18.8 million, restricted stock grants of $4.8 million and the re-issuance of shares upon exercise of stock options, net of shares withheld to satisfy statutory tax obligations, of $2.3 million.

        On May 29, 2015, we repurchased 4,185,960 shares of our common stock at a price of $31.90 per share pursuant to a tender offer utilizing $133.5 million cash on hand. Fees and expenses of $1.2 million were incurred related to the tender offer and were recorded in treasury stock. In addition to the tender offer, we also repurchased common shares of $16.8 million and re-issued shares upon exercise of stock options, net of shares withheld to satisfy statutory tax obligations, of $3.6 million during fiscal 2015.

        During fiscal 2014, treasury stock decreased $1.8 million reflecting the re-issuance of shares upon exercise of stock options, net of shares withheld to satisfy statutory tax obligations, and restricted stock award grants of $2.8 million, partially offset by the purchase of treasury shares of $1.0 million.

Use of Estimates

        We have made estimates and utilized certain assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities to prepare these Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

New Accounting Pronouncements

        In April 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, which requires that a disposal representing a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on an entity's financial results or a business activity classified as held for sale should be reported as discontinued operations. This ASU also expands the disclosure requirements for discontinued operations and adds new disclosures for individually significant dispositions that do not qualify as

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(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

discontinued operations. The Company adopted this guidance on June 1, 2015 which resulted in expanded disclosures related to the income statement and cash flow activities of our discontinued operations.

        In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. This ASU amends existing guidance to require the presentation of debt issuance costs in the balance sheet as a deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability instead of a deferred charge. We have elected to early adopt this new ASU retrospectively in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 which resulted in the reclassification of debt issuance costs of $2.6 million from Other in noncurrent assets to Long-term debt, less current maturities as of May 31, 2015.

        In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes. This ASU amends existing guidance to require the presentation of deferred tax liabilities and assets as noncurrent within a classified statement of financial position. We have elected to early adopt this new ASU retrospectively in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 which resulted in the reclassification of deferred tax assets of $58.3 million from current assets to noncurrent liabilities as of May 31, 2015.

        In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which provides guidance for revenue recognition. This ASU affects any entity that either enters into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services or enters into contracts for the transfer of non-financial assets. This ASU will supersede the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific guidance. This ASU will also supersede certain cost guidance included in Subtopic 605-35, Revenue Recognition—Construction-Type and Production-Type Contracts. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14 which deferred the effective date of the new standard by one year which will make the new standard effective for us beginning June 1, 2018. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

        In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. This ASU amends the existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets, including those classified as operating leases under the current accounting guidance. In addition, this ASU will require new qualitative and quantitative disclosures about the Company's leasing activities. This new standard will be effective for us beginning June 1, 2019 with early adoption permitted. This ASU requires a modified retrospective transition approach for all leases existing at, or entered into after, the date of initial application, with an option to use certain transition relief. We are currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this new standard on our consolidated financial statements.

2. Discontinued Operations

        On March 26, 2015, we completed the sale of our Telair Cargo Group to TransDigm, Inc. The Telair Cargo Group was comprised of Telair International, Telair US, and Nordisk Aviation Products. Cash received at closing in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015 before fees and expenses was $705 million. The sale also allowed for contingent consideration of up to $35 million based on the occurrence of certain post-closing events related to the A400M cargo system. We recognized a pre-tax gain on the sale (net of transaction expenses and fees) of $198.6 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015.

        In the first quarter of fiscal 2016, we recognized a gain of $27.7 million net of expenses representing the receipt of the contingent consideration related to the A400M cargo system.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

2. Discontinued Operations (Continued)

        During fiscal 2015, we also announced our intention to sell our Precision Systems Manufacturing ("PSM") business comprised of our metal and composite machined and fabricated parts manufacturing operations. We recognized impairment charges of $57.5 million during fiscal 2015 to reduce the carrying value of the PSM business's net assets to their expected value at the time of sale. PSM is available for immediate sale and we continue to actively market PSM at reasonable prices in relation to its fair value. We expect a sale of PSM to be completed before the end of fiscal 2017.

        Telair Cargo Group and PSM are reported as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statements of Income for all periods presented. Interest expense allocated to discontinued operations was $0 million, $9.2 million and $13.0 million for fiscal 2016, 2015, and 2014, respectively. No amounts for general corporate overhead were allocated to discontinued operations.

        Liabilities of discontinued operations of $6.9 million and $5.4 million at May 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, were classified as Accrued Liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. Operating income (loss) from discontinued operations was comprised of the following:

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   2014  

Sales

  $ 47.7   $ 286.3   $ 325.9  

Cost of sales

    50.5     249.7     274.6  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    5.4     28.0     31.2  

Interest expense, net. 

        10.1     13.6  

Operating income (loss) from discontinued operations

  $ (8.2 ) $ (1.5 ) $ 6.5  

        Unless otherwise noted, amounts and disclosures throughout these Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements relate to our continuing operations.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

3. Financing Arrangements

Debt Outstanding

        A summary of the carrying amount of our debt is as follows:

 
  May 31,  
 
  2016   2015  

Revolving Credit Facility expiring March 24, 2020 with interest payable monthly

  $ 110.0   $ 50.0  

Industrial revenue bond (secured by property, plant and equipment) due August 1, 2018 with interest payable monthly

    25.0     25.0  

Note payable due March 9, 2017 with floating interest rate, payable semi-annually on June 1 and December 1

    10.0     20.0  

Capital lease obligations

    5.1      

Convertible notes payable due March 1, 2016 with interest at 2.25% payable semi-annually on March 1 and September 1

        48.0  

Mortgage loan due August 1, 2015

        11.0  

Total debt

    150.1     154.0  

Current maturities of debt

    (12.0 )   (69.0 )

Debt issuance costs, net

    (2.0 )   (2.6 )

Long-term debt

  $ 136.1   $ 82.4  

        The aggregate principal amount of our debt matures as follows: $10.0 million in 2017, $25.0 million in 2019, and $110.0 million in 2020.

        At May 31, 2016, our variable rate and fixed rate debt had a fair value that approximates the carrying value of $145.0 million. These debt instruments are classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy which is defined as a fair value determined based upon one or more significant unobservable inputs.

        During fiscal 2016, the Company entered into new capital leases in the amount of $5.1 million related to new aircraft and IT equipment. We have omitted substantially all of the required disclosures as the capital leases are not material to our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

        We are subject to a number of covenants under our financing arrangements, including restrictions that relate to the payment of cash dividends, maintenance of minimum net working capital and tangible net worth levels, sales of assets, additional financing, purchase of our shares and other matters. We are in compliance with all financial and other covenants under our financing arrangements as of May 31, 2016.

Credit Facilities

        On March 24, 2015, we entered into an amendment (the "Amendment") to our Revolving Credit Facility dated April 12, 2011, as amended, with various financial institutions, as lenders and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent for the lenders (the "Revolving Credit Facility").

        The Amendment increased the aggregate revolving credit commitment from $475 million to $500 million. Under certain circumstances, the Company also could request an increase to the revolving commitment by an aggregate amount of up to $250 million, not to exceed $750 million in total.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

3. Financing Arrangements (Continued)

        Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility subsequent to the Amendment bear interest at the offered Eurodollar Rate plus 100 to 200 basis points based on certain financial measurements if a Eurodollar Rate loan, or at the offered fluctuating Base Rate plus 0 to 100 basis points based on certain financial measurements if a Base Rate loan.

        The Amendment also extended the maturity of the Revolving Credit Facility by approximately two years to March 24, 2020; deleted the minimum fixed charge coverage ratio; and added a minimum interest coverage ratio. In addition to the interest coverage ratio, the Revolving Credit Facility requires us to comply with a leverage ratio and certain affirmative and negative covenants, including those relating to financial reporting and notification, payment of indebtedness, taxes and other obligations, compliance with applicable laws, and limitations on additional liens, indebtedness, acquisitions, investments and disposition of assets. The Revolving Credit Facility also requires our significant domestic subsidiaries, and any subsidiaries that guarantee our other indebtedness, to provide a guarantee of payment under the Revolving Credit Facility. At May 31, 2016, we were in compliance with the financial and other covenants in these agreements.

        Borrowing activity under the Revolving Credit Facility during fiscal 2016, 2015 and 2014 is as follows:

 
  For the Year Ended May 31,  
 
  2016   2015   2014  

Maximum amount borrowed

  $ 200.0   $ 215.0   $ 190.0  

Average daily borrowings

    134.2     140.7     135.8  

Average interest rate during the year

    1.41 %   1.69 %   1.77 %

        We also have $4.4 million available under foreign lines of credit.

7.25% Senior Notes due 2022

        On April 30, 2015, we redeemed our $325 million 7.25% Senior Notes due 2022 for $370.6 million. We recognized a loss on extinguishment of debt of $44.9 million comprised of a make-whole premium of $45.6 million and unamortized deferred financing costs of $6.2 million, partially offset by an unamortized net premium of $6.9 million.

Convertible Notes

        The interest expense associated with the convertible notes, which were paid in full in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016, was as follows:

 
  For the Year Ended
May 31,
 
 
  2016   2015   2014  

Coupon interest

  $ 0.6   $ 1.5   $ 3.1  

Amortization of deferred financing fees

    0.1     0.1     0.3  

Amortization of discount

    1.3     2.4     5.1  

Interest expense related to convertible notes

  $ 2.0   $ 4.0   $ 8.5