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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x Quarterly Report Pursuant To Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016

OR

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File No. 001-33384

 

 

ESSA Bancorp, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Pennsylvania   20-8023072

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

200 Palmer Street, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania   18360
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

(570) 421-0531

(Registrant’s telephone number)

N/A

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such requirements for the past 90 days.    YES  x    NO  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    YES  x    NO  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer” and “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES  ¨    NO  x

As of May 4, 2016 there were 11,379,664 shares of the Registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

ESSA Bancorp, Inc.

FORM 10-Q

Table of Contents

 

          Page  
Part I. Financial Information   
Item 1.    Financial Statements (unaudited)      2   
Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      41   
Item 3    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      50   
Item 4    Controls and Procedures      50   
Part II. Other Information   
Item 1.    Legal Proceedings      51   
Item 1A.    Risk Factors      51   
Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      51   
Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities      51   
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures      51   
Item 5.    Other Information      51   
Item 6.    Exhibits      51   
Signature Page      53   


Table of Contents

Part I. Financial Information

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

(UNAUDITED)

 

     March 31,
2016
    September 30,
2015
 
     (dollars in thousands)  

Cash and due from banks

   $ 20,917      $ 15,905   

Interest-bearing deposits with other institutions

     2,966        2,853   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

     23,883        18,758   

Certificates of deposit

     1,500        1,750   

Investment securities available for sale, at fair value

     389,603        379,407   

Loans receivable (net of allowance for loan losses of $9,415 and $8,919)

     1,235,613        1,102,118   

Regulatory stock, at cost

     15,492        13,831   

Premises and equipment, net

     17,185        16,553   

Bank-owned life insurance

     31,119        30,655   

Foreclosed real estate

     2,316        2,480   

Intangible assets, net

     2,852        1,759   

Goodwill

     13,801        10,259   

Deferred income taxes

     11,537        11,149   

Other assets

     18,388        17,825   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 1,763,289      $ 1,606,544   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

    

Deposits

   $ 1,210,106      $ 1,096,754   

Short-term borrowings

     126,243        91,339   

Other borrowings

     230,601        229,101   

Advances by borrowers for taxes and insurance

     8,514        4,273   

Other liabilities

     13,264        13,797   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

     1,588,728        1,435,264   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Preferred Stock ($.01 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued)

    

Common stock ($.01 par value; 40,000,000 shares authorized, 18,133,095 issued; 11,367,654 and 11,353,244 outstanding at March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015)

     181        181   

Additional paid in capital

     182,021        182,295   

Unallocated common stock held by the Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)

     (9,400     (9,627

Retained earnings

     85,875        83,658   

Treasury stock, at cost; 6,765,441 and 6,779,851 shares outstanding at March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively

     (82,679     (82,832

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (1,437     (2,395
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     174,561        171,280   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 1,763,289      $ 1,606,544   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

2


Table of Contents

ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

     For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
    For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2016      2015     2016      2015  
    

(dollars in thousands, except per

share data)

   

(dollars in thousands, except per

share data)

 

INTEREST INCOME

          

Loans receivable, including fees

   $ 12,805       $ 11,100      $ 24,379       $ 22,549   

Investment securities:

          

Taxable

     1,903         1,799        3,721         3,688   

Exempt from federal income tax

     255         239        499         473   

Other investment income

     196         442        375         578   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest income

     15,159         13,580        28,974         27,288   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

INTEREST EXPENSE

          

Deposits

     1,944         1,878        3,789         3,843   

Short-term borrowings

     115         103        209         206   

Other borrowings

     816         597        1,600         1,187   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest expense

     2,875         2,578        5,598         5,236   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

NET INTEREST INCOME

     12,284         11,002        23,376         22,052   

Provision for loan losses

     600         525        1,200         975   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

NET INTEREST INCOME AFTER PROVISION FOR LOAN LOSSES

     11,684         10,477        22,176         21,077   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

NONINTEREST INCOME

          

Service fees on deposit accounts

     875         757        1,738         1,584   

Services charges and fees on loans

     297         274        577         589   

Trust and investment fees

     194         204        407         442   

Gain on sale of investments

     365         204        368         204   

Earnings on Bank-owned life insurance

     234         231        464         470   

Insurance commissions

     217         217        416         399   

Other

     95         14        124         27   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total noninterest income

     2,277         1,901        4,094         3,715   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

NONINTEREST EXPENSE

          

Compensation and employee benefits

     6,003         5,232        11,581         10,346   

Occupancy and equipment

     1,422         1,134        2,531         2,115   

Professional fees

     672         407        1,125         921   

Data processing

     1,079         892        1,998         1,705   

Advertising

     153         224        240         352   

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) premiums

     322         289        600         581   

(Gain)/loss on foreclosed real estate

     161         (137     151         (175

Merger related costs

     —           —         245         —    

Amortization of intangible assets

     223         163        397         329   

Other

     1,071         894        2,024         1,890   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total noninterest expense

     11,106         9,098        20,892         18,064   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     2,855         3,280        5,378         6,728   

Income taxes

     726         848        1,292         1,700   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

NET INCOME

   $ 2,129       $ 2,432      $ 4,086       $ 5,028   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share

          

Basic

   $ 0.20       $ 0.23      $ 0.39       $ 0.48   

Diluted

   $ 0.20       $ 0.23      $ 0.39       $ 0.48   

Dividends per share

   $ 0.09       $ 0.09      $ 0.18       $ 0.16   

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2016     2015     2016     2015  
     (dollars in thousands)     (dollars in thousands)  

Net income

   $ 2,129      $ 2,432      $ 4,086      $ 5,028   

Other comprehensive income:

      

Investment securities available for sale:

      

Unrealized holding gain

     4,981        2,374        1,581        5,112   

Tax effect

     (1,694     (807     (538     (1,737

Reclassification of gains recognized in net income

     (365     (204     (368     (204

Tax effect

     124        69        125        69  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net of tax amount

     3,046        1,432        800        3,240   

Pension plan adjustment:

      

Related to actuarial losses

     119        60        239        120   

Tax effect

     (40     (20     (81     (40
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net of tax amount

     79        40        158        80   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income

     3,125        1,472        958        3,320   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 5,254      $ 3,904      $ 5,044      $ 8,348   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Common Stock                                       
     Number of
Shares
    Amount      Additional
Paid In
Capital
    Unallocated
Common
Stock Held by
the ESOP
    Retained
Earnings
    Treasury
Stock
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
     (dollars in thousands)  

Balance, September 30, 2015

     11,353,244      $ 181       $ 182,295      $ (9,627   $ 83,658      $ (82,832   $ (2,395   $ 171,280   

Net income

              4,086            4,086   

Other comprehensive income

                  958        958   

Cash dividends declared ($.18 per share)

              (1,869         (1,869

Stock based compensation

          79                79   

Allocation of ESOP stock

          76        227              303   

Allocation of treasury shares to incentive plan

     37,110           (429         429          —     

Treasury shares purchased

     (22,700              (276       (276
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2016

     11,367,654      $ 181       $ 182,021      $ (9,400   $ 85,875      $ (82,679   $ (1,437   $ 174,561   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

5


Table of Contents

ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2016     2015  
     (dollars in thousands)  

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

    

Net income

   $ 4,086      $ 5,028   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Provision for loan losses

     1,200        975   

Provision for depreciation and amortization

     876        641   

Amortization and accretion of discounts and premiums, net

     1,750        145   

Gain on sale of investment securities

     (368     (204

Compensation expense on ESOP

     303        269   

Stock based compensation

     79        51   

(Increase) decrease in accrued interest receivable

     (477     159   

Increase/(decrease) in accrued interest payable

     146        (18

Earnings on bank-owned life insurance

     (464     (470

Deferred federal income taxes

     166        (339

Increase in accrued pension liability

     590        233   

(Gain)/loss on foreclosed real estate, net

     151        (175

Amortization of identifiable intangible assets

     398        329   

Other, net

     (223     1,987   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     8,213        8,611   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

    

Certificates of deposit maturities

     250        15   

Investment securities available for sale:

    

Proceeds from sale of investment securities

     29,022        3,319  

Proceeds from principal repayments and maturities

     47,903        30,318   

Purchases

     (50,016     (29,317

Increase in loans receivable, net

     (13,040     (22,416

Redemption of regulatory stock

     6,940        7,441   

Purchase of regulatory stock

     (7,712     (6,801

Proceeds from sale of foreclosed real estate

     739        2,031   

Acquisition, net of cash acquired

     (16,174     —    

Capital improvements to foreclosed real estate

     —         13   

Purchase of premises, equipment, and software

     (579     (454
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used for investing activities

     (2,667     (15,851
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

    

Decrease in deposits, net

     (38,921     (30,092

Net increase in short-term borrowings

     34,904        1,981   

Proceeds from other borrowings

     52,300        37,860   

Repayment of other borrowings

     (50,800     (9,200

Increase in advances by borrowers for taxes and insurance

     4,241        4,472   

Purchase of treasury stock shares

     (276     (1,803

Dividends on common stock

     (1,869     (1,669
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

     (421     1,549   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     5,125        (5,691

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD

     18,758        22,301   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD

   $ 23,883      $ 16,610   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

6


Table of Contents
     For the Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2016      2015  
     (dollars in thousands)  

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW DISCLOSURES

     

Cash Paid:

     

Interest

   $ 5,388       $ 5,253   

Income taxes

     500         —    

Noncash items:

     

Transfers from loans to foreclosed real estate

     726         1,589   

Acquisition of Eagle National Bank assets and liabilities

     

Noncash assets acquired

     

Investment securities, available for sale

     36,275         —    

Loans receivable

     123,380         —    

Federal Home Loan Bank stock

     889         —    

Premises and equipment

     945         —    

Accrued interest receivable

     185         —    

Intangible assets

     1,491         —    

Goodwill

     3,542         —    

Deferred tax assets

     715         —    

Other assets

     1,989         —    

Liabilities assumed:

     

Certificates of deposit

     32,408         —    

Deposits other than certificates of deposit

     119,865         —    

Accrued interest payable

     64      

Other liabilities

     900         —    

Net noncash assets acquired

     16,174         —    

Cash acquired

     8,481        —    

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

7


Table of Contents

ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

1. Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of ESSA Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”), its wholly owned subsidiary, ESSA Bank & Trust (the “Bank”), and the Bank’s wholly owned subsidiaries, ESSACOR Inc.; Pocono Investments Company; ESSA Advisory Services, LLC; Integrated Financial Corporation; and Integrated Abstract Incorporated, a wholly owned subsidiary of Integrated Financial Corporation. The primary purpose of the Company is to act as a holding company for the Bank. On November 6, 2014, the Company converted its status from a savings and loan holding company to a bank holding company. In addition, the Bank converted from a Pennsylvania-chartered savings association to a Pennsylvania-chartered savings bank. The Bank’s primary business consists of the taking of deposits and granting of loans to customers generally in Monroe, Northampton, Lehigh, Delaware, Chester, Lackawanna, and Luzerne Counties, Pennsylvania. The Bank is subject to regulation and supervision by the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The investment in subsidiary on the parent company’s financial statements is carried at the parent company’s equity in the underlying net assets.

ESSACOR, Inc. is a Pennsylvania corporation that has been used to purchase properties at tax sales that represent collateral for delinquent loans of the Bank. Pocono Investment Company is a Delaware corporation formed as an investment company subsidiary to hold and manage certain investments, including certain intellectual property. ESSA Advisory Services, LLC is a Pennsylvania limited liability company owned 100 percent by ESSA Bank & Trust. ESSA Advisory Services, LLC is a full-service insurance benefits consulting company offering group services such as health insurance, life insurance, short-term and long-term disability, dental, vision, and 401(k) retirement planning as well as individual health products. Integrated Financial Corporation is a Pennsylvania Corporation that provided investment advisory services to the general public and is currently inactive. Integrated Abstract Incorporated is a Pennsylvania Corporation that provided title insurance services and is currently inactive. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods and are of a normal and recurring nature. Operating results for the six month period ended March 31, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2016.

 

2. Earnings per Share

The following table sets forth the composition of the weighted-average common shares (denominator) used in the basic and diluted earnings per share computation for the three and six month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

     Three months ended     Six months ended  
     March 31,
2016
    March 31,
2015
    March 31,
2016
    March 31,
2015
 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding

     18,133,095        18,133,095        18,133,095        18,133,095   

Average treasury stock shares

     (6,793,799     (6,695,606     (6,793,553     (6,652,080

Average unearned ESOP shares

     (933,558     (978,835     (939,247     (984,555

Average unearned non-vested shares

     (20,584     (16,344     (24,681     (16,590
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares and common stock equivalents used to calculate basic earnings per share

     10,385,154        10,442,310        10,375,614        10,479,870   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Additional common stock equivalents (non-vested stock) used to calculate diluted earnings per share

     444        386        —          —     

Additional common stock equivalents (stock options) used to calculate diluted earnings per share

     139,100        78,451        140,155        42,727   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares and common stock equivalents used to calculate diluted earnings per share

     10,524,697        10,521,147        10,515,770        10,522,597   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

8


Table of Contents

At March 31, 2016 there were 48,498 shares of nonvested stock outstanding at an average weighted price of $12.90 per share that were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because to do so would have been anti-dilutive. At March 31, 2015 there were 15,290 shares of nonvested stock outstanding at a price of $11.07 per share and options to purchase 1,317,910 shares of common stock outstanding at a price of $12.35 per share that were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because to do so would have been anti-dilutive.

 

3. Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements

The accounting principles followed by the Company and its subsidiaries and the methods of applying these principles conform to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and to general practice within the banking industry. In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the Consolidated Balance Sheet date and related revenues and expenses for the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

4. Recent Accounting Pronouncements:

Recent Accounting Pronouncements:

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (a new revenue recognition standard). The Update’s core principle is that a company will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In addition, this update specifies the accounting for certain costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer and expands disclosure requirements for revenue recognition. This Update is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. The Company is evaluating the effect of adopting this new accounting.

In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-12, Compensation Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Accounting for Share-Based Payments when the Terms of an Award Provide that a Performance Target Could Be Achieved After the Requisite Service Period. The amendments require that a performance target that affects vesting and that could be achieved after the requisite service period be treated as a performance condition. The amendments in this Update are effective for annual periods and interim periods within those annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. Earlier adoption is permitted. Entities may apply the amendments in this Update either (a) prospectively to all awards granted or modified after the effective date or (b) retrospectively to all awards with performance targets that are outstanding as of the beginning of the earliest annual period presented in the financial statements and to all new or modified awards thereafter. If retrospective transition is adopted, the cumulative effect of applying this Update as of the beginning of the earliest annual period presented in the financial statements should be recognized as an adjustment to the opening retained earnings balance at that date. Additionally, if retrospective transition is adopted, an entity may use hindsight in measuring and recognizing the compensation cost. This Update did not have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40). The amendments in this Update provide guidance in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America about management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. The amendments in this Update are effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In November 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-16, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Determining Whether the Host Contract in a Hybrid Financial Instrument Issued in the Form of a Share Is More Akin to Debt or to Equity (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force). This Update clarifies how current U.S. GAAP should be interpreted in subjectively evaluating the economic characteristics and risks of a host contract in a hybrid financial instrument that is issued in the form of a share. Public business entities are required to implement the new requirements in fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In January 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-01, Income Statement – Extraordinary and Unusual Items, as part of its initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards. This Update eliminates from U.S. GAAP the concept of extraordinary items. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. A reporting entity may apply the amendments prospectively. A reporting entity may also apply the amendments retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted provided that the guidance is applied from the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

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In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Consolidation (Topic 810). The amendments in this Update affect reporting entities that are required to evaluate whether they should consolidate certain legal entities. All legal entities are subject to reevaluation under the revised consolidation model. Specifically, the amendments (1) modify the evaluation of whether limited partnerships and similar legal entities are variable interest entities (“VIEs”) or voting interest entities; (2) eliminate the presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership; (3) affect the consolidation analysis of reporting entities that are involved with VIEs, particularly those that have fee arrangements and related-party relationships; and (4) provide a scope exception from consolidation guidance for reporting entities with interests in legal entities that are required to comply with or operate in accordance with requirements that are similar to those in Rule 2a-7 of the Investment Company Act of 1940 for registered money market funds. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. For all other entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and for interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30), as part of its initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards. To simplify presentation of debt issuance costs, the amendments in this Update require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by the amendments in this Update. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. An entity should apply the new guidance on a retrospective basis, wherein the balance sheet of each individual period presented should be adjusted to reflect the period-specific effects of applying the new guidance. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-04, Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715), as part of its initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards. For an entity with a fiscal year-end that does not coincide with a month-end, the amendments in this Update provide a practical expedient that permits the entity to measure defined benefit plan assets and obligations using the month-end that is closest to the entity’s fiscal year-end and apply that practical expedient consistently from year to year. The practical expedient should be applied consistently to all plans if an entity has more than one plan. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Earlier application is permitted. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In May 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-09, Financial Services – Insurance (Topic 944): Disclosure About Short-Duration Contracts. The amendments apply to all insurance entities that issue short-duration contracts as defined in Topic 944, Financial Services – Insurance. The amendments require insurance entities to disclose for annual reporting periods certain information about the liability for unpaid claims and claim adjustment expenses. The amendments also require insurance entities to disclose information about significant changes in methodologies and assumptions used to calculate the liability for unpaid claims and claim adjustment expenses, including reasons for the change and the effects on the financial statements. Additionally, the amendments require insurance entities to disclose for annual and interim reporting periods a rollforward of the liability for unpaid claims and claim adjustment expenses, described in Topic 944. For health insurance claims, the amendments require the disclosure of the total of incurred-but-not-reported liabilities plus expected development on reported claims included in the liability for unpaid claims and claim adjustment expenses. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. For all other entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In June 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-10, Technical Corrections and Improvements. The amendments in this Update represent changes to clarify the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Codification”), correct unintended application of guidance, or make minor improvements to the Codification that are not expected to have a significant effect on current accounting practice or create a significant administrative cost to most entities. Transition guidance varies based on the amendments in this Update. The amendments in this Update that require transition guidance are effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. All other amendments will be effective upon the issuance of this Update. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

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In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contract with Customers (Topic 606). The amendments in this Update defer the effective date of ASU 2014-09 for all entities by one year. Public business entities, certain not-for-profit entities, and certain employee benefit plans should apply the guidance in ASU 2014-09 to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. All other entities should apply the guidance in ASU 2014-09 to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim reporting periods within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is evaluating the effect of adopting this new accounting Update.

In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-16, Business Combinations (Topic 805). The amendments in this Update require that an acquirer recognizes adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustment amounts are determined. The amendments in this Update require that the acquirer record, in the same period’s financial statements, the effect on earnings of changes in depreciation, amortization, or other income effects, if any, as a result of the change to the provisional amounts, calculated as if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. The amendments in this Update require an entity to present separately on the face of the income statement or disclose in the notes the portion of the amount recorded in current-period earnings by line item that would have been recorded in previous reporting periods if the adjustment to the provisional amounts had been recognized as of the acquisition date. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, including interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes. The amendments in this Update require that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified as noncurrent in a classified statement of financial position. The amendments in this Update apply to all entities that present a classified statement of financial position. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. For all other entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Earlier application is permitted for all entities as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The amendments in this Update may be applied either prospectively to all deferred tax liabilities and assets or retrospectively to all periods presented. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. This Update applies to all entities that hold financial assets or owe financial liabilities and is intended to provide more useful information on the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. Among other things, this Update (a) requires equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income; (b) simplifies the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment; (c) eliminates the requirement to disclose the fair value of financial instruments measured at amortized cost for entities that are not public business entities; (d) eliminates the requirement for public business entities to disclose the method(s) and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value that is required to be disclosed for financial instruments measured at amortized cost on the balance sheet; (e) requires public business entities to use the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes; (f) requires an entity to present separately in other comprehensive income the portion of the total change in the fair value of a liability resulting from a change in the instrument-specific credit risk when the entity has elected to measure the liability at fair value in accordance with the fair value option for financial instruments; (g) requires separate presentation of financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form of financial asset (that is, securities or loans and receivables) on the balance sheet or the accompanying notes to the financial statements; and (h) clarifies that an entity should evaluate the need for a valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to available-for-sale securities in combination with the entity’s other deferred tax assets. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities including not-for-profit entities and employee benefit plans within the scope of Topics 960 through 965 on plan accounting, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. All entities that are not public business entities may adopt the amendments in this Update earlier as of the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of the standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

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In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The standard requires lessees to recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases on the balance sheet. A lessee should recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. A short-term lease is defined as one in which: (a) the lease term is 12 months or less, and (b) there is not an option to purchase the underlying asset that the lessee is reasonably certain to exercise. For short-term leases, lessees may elect to recognize lease payments over the lease term on a straight-line basis. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those years. For all other entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and for interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The amendments should be applied at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach with earlier application permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of the standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-04, Liabilities Extinguishments of Liabilities (Subtopic 405-20). The standard provides that liabilities related to the sale of prepaid stored-value products within the scope of this Update are financial liabilities. The amendments in the Update provide a narrow scope exception to the guidance in Subtopic 405-20 to require that breakage for those liabilities be accounted for consistent with the breakage guidance in Topic 606. The amendments in this Update are effective for public business entities, certain not-for-profit entities, and certain employee benefit plans for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the amendments are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Earlier application is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-05, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815). The amendments in this Update apply to all reporting entities for which there is a change in the counterparty to a derivative instrument that has been designated as a heading instrument under Topic 815. The standards in this Update clarify that a change in the counterparty to a derivative instrument that has been designated as the hedging instrument under Topic 815 does not, in and of itself, require designation of that hedging relationship provided that all other hedge accounting criteria continue to be met. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years. For all other entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. An entity has an option to apply the amendments in this Update on either a prospective basis or a modified retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-06, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815). The amendments apply to all entities that are issuers of or investors in debt instruments (or hybrid financial instruments that are determined to have a debt host) with embedded call (put) options. The amendments in this update clarify the requirements for assessing whether contingent call (put) options that can accelerate the payment of principal on debt instruments are clearly and closely related to their debt host. An entity performing the assessment under the amendments in this Update is required to assess the embedded call (put) options solely in accordance with the four-step decision sequence. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years. For entities other than public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-07, Investments Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323). The Update affects all entities that have an investment that becomes qualified for the equity method of accounting as a result of an increase in the level of ownership interest or degree of influence. The amendments in this Update eliminate the requirement that when an investment qualifies for use of the equity method as a result of an increase in the level of ownership interest or degree of influence, an investor must adjust the investment, results of operations, and retained earnings retroactively on a step-by-step basis as if the equity method had been in effect during all previous periods that the investment had been held. The amendments require that the equity method investor add the cost of acquiring the additional interest in the investee to the current basis of the investor’s previously held interest and adopt the equity method of accounting as of the date the investment becomes qualified for equity method accounting. Therefore, upon qualifying for the equity method of accounting, no retroactive adjustment of the investment is required. The amendments in this Update require that an entity that has an available-for-sale equity security that becomes qualified for the equity method of accounting recognize through earnings the unrealized holding gain or loss in accumulated other comprehensive income at the date the investment becomes qualified for use of the equity method. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016. The amendments should be applied prospectively upon their effective date to increases in the level of ownership interest or degree of influence that result in the adoption of the equity method. Earlier application is permitted. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

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In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The amendments in this Update affect entities with transactions included within the scope of Topic 606, which includes entities that enter into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services (that are an output of the entity’s ordinary activities) in exchange for consideration. The amendments in this update do not change the core principle of the guidance in Topic 606; they simply clarify the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations. The amendments in this Update are intended to improve the operability and understandability of the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations. The amendments in this Update affect the guidance in ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is not yet effective. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in this Update are the same as the effective date and transition requirements of Update 2014-09. ASU No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of Update 2014-09 by one year. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of the standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718). The amendments in this Update affect all entities that issue share-based payment awards to their employees. The standards in this Update provide simplification for several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as with equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Some of the areas for simplification apply only to nonpublic entities. In addition to those simplifications, the amendments eliminate the guidance in Topic 718 that was indefinitely deferred shortly after the issuance of FASB Statement No. 123 (revised 2004), Share-Based Payment. This should not result in a change in practice because the guidance that is being superseded was never effective. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. For all other entities, the amendments are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted for any entity in any interim or annual period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of the standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The amendments in this Update affect entities with transactions included within the scope of Topic 606, which includes entities that enter into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services in exchange for consideration. The amendments in this Update do not change the core principle for revenue recognition in Topic 606. Instead, the amendments provide (1) more detailed guidance in a few areas and (2) additional implementation guidance and examples based on feedback the FASB received from its stakeholders. The amendments are expected to reduce the degree of judgment necessary to comply with Topic 606, which the FASB expects will reduce the potential for diversity arising in practice and reduce the cost and complexity of applying the guidance. The amendments in this Update affect the guidance in ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which is not yet effective. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in this Update are the same as the effective date and transition requirements in Topic 606 (and any other Topic amended by Update 2014-09). ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, defers the effective date of Update 2014-09 by one year. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of the standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

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5. Investment Securities

The amortized cost, gross unrealized gains and losses, and fair value of investment securities available for sale are summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

     March 31, 2016  
     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized

Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value  

Available for Sale

          

Fannie Mae

   $ 134,469       $ 1,965       $ (280   $ 136,154   

Freddie Mac

     87,858         1,224         (155     88,927   

Governmental National Mortgage Association

     14,160         88         (49     14,199   

Other mortgage-backed securities

     2,409         —           (20     2,389   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total mortgage-backed securities

     238,896         3,277         (504     241,669   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     55,272         2,324         (22     57,574   

U.S. government agency securities

     32,968         363         (25     33,306   

Corporate obligations

     34,852         411         (367     34,896   

Trust-preferred securities

     1,628         —           (18     1,610   

Other debt securities

     20,310         286         (73     20,523   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total debt securities

     383,926         6,661         (1,009     389,578   

Equity securities - financial services

     25         —           —          25   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 383,951       $ 6,661       $ (1,009   $ 389,603   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     September 30, 2015  
     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value  

Available for Sale

          

Fannie Mae

   $ 130,476       $ 2,052       $ (541   $ 131,987   

Freddie Mac

     88,514         1,063         (286     89,291   

Governmental National Mortgage Association

     13,201         103         (52     13,252   

Other mortgage-backed securities

     2,494         —           (17     2,477   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total mortgage-backed securities

     234,685         3,218         (896     237,007   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     50,094         1,676         (145     51,625   

U.S. government agency securities

     45,799         399         (12     46,186   

Corporate obligations

     22,440         157         (237     22,360   

Trust-preferred securities

     1,613         98         —          1,711   

Other debt securities

     20,313         216         (36     20,493   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total debt securities

     374,944         5,764         (1,326     379,382   

Equity securities - financial services

     25         —           —          25   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 374,969       $ 5,764       $ (1,326   $ 379,407   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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The amortized cost and fair value of debt securities at March 31, 2016, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties (in thousands):

 

     Available For Sale  
     Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value  

Due in one year or less

   $ 3,253       $ 3,264   

Due after one year through five years

     51,173         51,920   

Due after five years through ten years

     80,458         81,861   

Due after ten years

     249,042         252,533   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 383,926       $ 389,578   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company realized gross gains of $365,000 on proceeds from the sale of investment securities of $11.7 million. For the six months ended March 31, 2016, the Company realized gross gains of $368,000 on proceeds from the sale of investment securities of $29.0 million. During the first quarter of 2016, the Company sold $16.2 million of investment securities which were acquired in the merger with Eagle National Bancorp, Inc (“ENB”). The Company realized no gain or loss from the sale of these securities. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2015, the Company realized gross gains of $204,000 on proceeds from the sale of investment securities of $3.3 million.

 

6. Unrealized Losses on Securities

The following table shows the Company’s gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by investment category and length of time that the individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position (dollars in thousands):

 

     March 31, 2016  
     Number of
Securities
     Less than Twelve
Months
    Twelve Months or
Greater
    Total  
            Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fannie Mae

     20       $ 7,962       $ (14   $ 19,159       $ (266   $ 27,121       $ (280

Freddie Mac

     11         1,489         (9     12,964         (146     14,453         (155

Governmental National Mortgage Association

     5         4,392         (46     863         (3     5,255         (49

Other mortgage-backed securities

     3         —           —          2,388         (20     2,388         (20

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     6         7,867         (22     —           —          7,867         (22

U.S. government agency securities

     2         1,894         (25     —           —          1,894         (25

Corporate obligations

     11         10,482         (330     963         (37     11,445         (367

Trust-preferred securities

     2         1,610         (18     —           —          1,610         (18

Other debt securities

     8         5,386         (45     2,542         (28     7,928         (73
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     68       $ 41,082       $ (509   $ 38,879       $ (500   $ 79,961       $ (1,009
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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     September 30, 2015  
     Number of
Securities
     Less than Twelve
Months
    Twelve Months or
Greater
    Total  
            Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fannie Mae

     22       $ 7,238       $ (28   $ 23,609       $ (513   $ 30,847       $ (541

Freddie Mac

     12         1,487         (1     15,477         (285     16,964         (286

Governmental National Mortgage Association

     2         —           —          2,209         (52     2,209         (52

Other mortgage-backed securities

     3         —           —          2,477         (17     2,477         (17

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     14         9,184         (57     4,667         (88     13,851         (145

U.S. government agency securities

     3         3,246         (12     —           —          3,246         (12

Corporate obligations

     10         9,263         (207     970         (30     10,233         (237

Other debt securities

     6         5,232         (26     1,748         (10     6,980         (36
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     72       $ 35,650       $ (331   $ 51,157       $ (995   $ 86,807       $ (1,326
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company’s investment securities portfolio contains unrealized losses on securities, including mortgage-related instruments issued or backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government, or generally viewed as having the implied guarantee of the U.S. government, other mortgage backed securities, debt obligations of a U.S. state or political subdivision, corporate debt obligations, trust preferred securities and equity securities.

The Company reviews its position quarterly and has asserted that at March 31, 2016, the declines outlined in the above table represent temporary declines and the Company would not be required to sell the security before its anticipated recovery in market value.

The Company has concluded that any impairment of its investment securities portfolio is not other than temporary but is the result of interest rate changes that are not expected to result in the non-collection of principal and interest during the period.

 

7. Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses

Loans receivable consist of the following (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2016
     September 30,
2015
 

Real estate loans:

     

Residential

   $ 602,085       $ 610,582   

Construction

     3,135         878   

Commercial

     286,684         200,004   

Commercial

     55,170         34,314   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     59,673         59,820   

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     46,613         39,903   

Auto Loans

     188,334         162,193   

Other

     3,334         3,343   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,245,028         1,111,037   

Less allowance for loan losses

     9,415         8,919   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net loans

   $ 1,235,613       $ 1,102,118   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

Included in the March 31, 2016 balances are loans acquired from Eagle National Bank, as of the acquisition date of December 4, 2015 as follows:

 

     2015  

Real estate loans:

  

Residential

   $ 10,743   

Commercial

     87,336   

Commercial

     16,604   

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     8,632   

Other

     65   
  

 

 

 

Total loans

   $ 123,380   
  

 

 

 

Purchased loans acquired in a business combination are recorded at fair value on their purchase date without a carryover of the related allowance for loan losses.

Upon acquisition, the Company evaluated whether each acquired loan (regardless of size) was within the scope of ASC 310-30, Receivables-Loans and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality. Purchased credit-impaired loans are loans that have evidence of credit deterioration since origination and it is probable at the date of acquisition that the Company will not collect all contractually required principal and interest payments. The fair value of purchased credit-impaired loans, on the acquisition date of December 4, 2015, was determined, primarily based on the fair value of loan collateral. The carrying value of all purchased loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality was $6.0 million at March 31, 2016.

On the acquisition date, the preliminary estimate of the unpaid principal balance for all loans evidencing credit impairment acquired in the ENB acquisition was $3.5 million and the estimated fair value of the loans was $2.0 million. Total contractually required payments on these loans, including interest, at the acquisition date was $4.2 million. However, the Company’s preliminary estimate of expected cash flows was $2.2 million. At such date, the Company established a credit risk related non-accretable discount (a discount representing amounts which are not expected to be collected from the customer nor liquidation of collateral) of $2.0 million relating to these impaired loans, reflected in the recorded net fair value. Such amount is reflected as a non-accretable fair value adjustment to loans. The Company further estimated the timing and amount of expected cash flows in excess of the estimated fair value and established an accretable discount of $240,000 on the acquisition date relating to these impaired loans.

The carrying value of the loans acquired and accounted for in accordance with ASC 310-30, Loans and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality, was determined by projecting discounted contractual cash flows. The table below presents the components of the purchase accounting adjustments related to the purchased impaired loans acquired in the ENB acquisition as of December 4, 2015 (in thousands):

 

Unpaid principal balance

   $ 3,468   

Interest

     717   
  

 

 

 

Contractual cash flows

     4,185   

Non-accretable discount

     (1,973
  

 

 

 

Expected cash flows

     2,212   

Accretable discount

     (240
  

 

 

 

Estimated fair value

   $ 1,972   
  

 

 

 

Changes in the accretable yield for purchased credit-impaired loans were as follows, since acquisition, for the periods ended March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2015:

 

     Six months ended March 31,  
   2016      2015  

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 258       $ 170   

Reclassification, new additions and other

     240         —     

Accretion

     (133      (14
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 365       $ 156   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

17


Table of Contents

The following table presents additional information regarding loans acquired and accounted for in accordance with ASC 310-30 (in thousands):

 

     March 31, 2016      September 30, 2015  
     Acquired Loans with Specific
Evidence or Deterioration in
Credit Quality (ASC 310-30)
     Acquired Loans with Specific
Evidence or Deterioration in
Credit Quality (ASC 310-30)
 

Outstanding balance

   $ 7,622       $ 4,779   

Carrying amount

   $ 5,995       $ 4,162   

The following table shows the amount of loans in each category that was individually and collectively evaluated for impairment at the dates indicated (in thousands):

 

     Total Loans      Individually
Evaluated for
Impairment
     Loans Acquired
with Deteriorated
Credit Quality
     Collectively
Evaluated for
Impairment
 

March 31, 2016

           

Real estate loans:

           

Residential

   $ 602,085       $ 10,008       $ —        $ 592,077   

Construction

     3,135         —          —          3,135   

Commercial

     286,684         13,679         4,958         268,047   

Commercial

     55,170         1,939         411        52,820   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     59,673         —          —          59,673   

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     46,613         640         626         45,347   

Auto loans

     188,334         707         —          187,627   

Other

     3,334         2         —          3,332   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,245,028       $ 26,975       $ 5,995       $ 1,212,058   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Total Loans      Individually
Evaluated for
Impairment
     Loans Acquired
with Deteriorated
Credit Quality
     Collectively
Evaluated for
Impairment
 

September 30, 2015

           

Real estate loans:

           

Residential

   $ 610,582       $ 11,985       $ —        $ 598,597   

Construction

     878         —          —          878   

Commercial

     200,004         15,100         4,108         180,796   

Commercial

     34,314         204         54         34,056   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     59,820         —          —          59,820   

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     39,903         795         —          39,108   

Auto loans

     162,193         625         —          161,568   

Other

     3,343         —          —          3,343   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,111,037       $ 28,709       $ 4,162       $ 1,078,166   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We maintain a loan review system that allows for a periodic review of our loan portfolio and the early identification of potential impaired loans. Such system takes into consideration, among other things, delinquency status, size of loans, type and market value of collateral and financial condition of the borrowers. Specific loan loss allowances are established for identified losses based on a review of such information. A loan evaluated for impairment is considered to be impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. All loans identified as impaired are evaluated independently. We do not aggregate such loans for evaluation purposes. Impairment is measured on a loan-by-loan basis for commercial and construction loans by the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, the loan’s obtainable market price, or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral-dependent.

 

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Table of Contents

Large groups of smaller balance homogeneous loans are collectively evaluated for impairment. Accordingly, the Company does not separately identify individual consumer and residential mortgage loans for impairment disclosures, unless such loans are part of a larger relationship that is impaired, or are classified as a troubled debt restructuring.

A loan is considered to be a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”) loan when the Company grants a concession to the borrower because of the borrower’s financial condition that it would not otherwise consider. Such concessions include the reduction of interest rates, forgiveness of principal or interest, or other modifications of interest rates that are less than the current market rate for new obligations with similar risk. TDR loans that are in compliance with their modified terms and that yield a market rate may be removed from the TDR status after one year of performance.

The following table includes the recorded investment and unpaid principal balances for impaired loans with the associated allowance amount, if applicable (in thousands):

 

     Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Associated
Allowance
 

March 31, 2016

        

With no specific allowance recorded:

        

Real estate loans

        

Residential

   $ 7,344       $ 9,071       $ —    

Construction

     —           —           —    

Commercial

     11,944         13,862         —    

Commercial

     1,939         1,954         —    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —           —    

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     583         642         —    

Auto loans

     275         395         —    

Other

     2         25         —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     22,087         25,949         —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded:

        

Real estate loans

        

Residential

     2,664         3,067         343   

Construction

     —           —           —    

Commercial

     1,735         1,883         170   

Commercial

     —           —           —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —           —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     57         106         56   

Auto loans

     432         432         191   

Other

     —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     4,888         5,488         760   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total:

        

Real estate loans

        

Residential

     10,008         12,138         343   

Construction

     —           —           —     

Commercial

     13,679         15,745         170   

Commercial

     1,939         1,954         —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —           —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     640         748         56   

Auto loans

     707         827         191   

Other

     2         25         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Impaired Loans

   $ 26,975       $ 31,437       $ 760   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents
     Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Associated
Allowance
 

September 30, 2015

        

With no specific allowance recorded:

        

Real Estate Loans

        

Residential

   $ 9,552       $ 11,521       $ —    

Construction

     —           —           —     

Commercial

     15,100         16,316         —     

Commercial

     204         216         —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —          —    

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     731         743         —    

Auto Loans

     350         464         —    

Other

     —           —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     25,937         29,260         —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded:

        

Real Estate Loans

        

Residential

     2,433         2,639         373   

Construction

     —           —           —    

Commercial

     —           —           —    

Commercial

     —           —           —    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —           —    

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     64         93         64   

Auto Loans

     275         275         131   

Other

     —           —           —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     2,772         3,007         568   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total:

        

Real Estate Loans

        

Residential

     11,985         14,160         373   

Construction

     —           —           —    

Commercial

     15,100         16,316         —    

Commercial

     204         216         —    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —           —    

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     795         836         64   

Auto Loans

     625         739         131   

Other

     —           —           —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Impaired Loans

   $ 28,709       $ 32,267       $ 568   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

20


Table of Contents

The following table represents the average recorded investments in the impaired loans and the related amount of interest recognized during the time within the period that the impaired loans were impaired (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended  
     March 31,  
     2016      2015      2016      2015  
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest
Income
Recognized
     Interest
Income
Recognized
 

With no specific allowance recorded:

           

Real estate loans

           

Residential

   $ 7,296       $ 10,551       $ 22      $ 64   

Construction

     —           —           —           —     

Commercial

     12,128         15,247         131         190   

Commercial

     1,919         343         37         2   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —          —           —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     594         266         —           —     

Auto loans

     228         55         —           1   

Other

     —           —          —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     22,165         26,462         190         257   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded:

           

Real estate loans

           

Residential

     2,679         2,411         4         19   

Construction

     —           —          —           —     

Commercial

     1,490         313         —           —     

Commercial

     6         —          —           —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —          —           —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     59         39         —           —     

Auto loans

     222         67         2         1   

Other

     1         —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     4,457         2,830         6         20   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total:

           

Real estate loans

           

Residential

     9,975         12,962         26         83   

Construction

     —           —          —           —    

Commercial

     13,618         15,560         131         190   

Commercial

     1,925         343         37         2   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —          —           —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     653         305         —           —     

Auto loans

     450         122         2         2   

Other

     1         —          —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Impaired Loans

   $ 26,622       $ 29,292       $ 196       $ 277   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents
     Six months ended  
     March 31,  
     2016      2015      2016      2015  
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest
Income
Recognized
     Interest
Income
Recognized
 

With no specific allowance recorded:

           

Real estate loans

           

Residential

   $ 8,040       $ 10,740       $ 48       $ 163   

Construction

     —          —          —          —     

Commercial

     12,908         15,446         307         384   

Commercial

     1,350         334         52         4   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —          —          —          —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     672         234         2         2   

Auto loans

     255         53         2         1   

Other

     —          —           —          —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     23,225         26,807         411         554   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded:

           

Real estate loans

           

Residential

     2,636         2,453         9         43   

Construction

     —          —           —          —     

Commercial

     974         442         —          —     

Commercial

     4         —           —          —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —          —           —          —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     66         26         —          —     

Auto loans

     181         101         3         3   

Other

     —          —           —          —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     3,861         3,022         12         46   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total:

           

Real estate loans

           

Residential

     10,676         13,193         57         206   

Construction

     —          —           —          —     

Commercial

     13,882         15,888         307         384   

Commercial

     1,354         334         52         4   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —          —           —          —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     738         260         2         2   

Auto loans

     436         154         5         4   

Other

     —          —          —          —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Impaired Loans

   $ 27,086       $ 29,829       $ 423       $ 600   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company uses a ten-point internal risk-rating system to monitor the credit quality of the overall loan portfolio. The first six categories are considered not criticized and are aggregated as Pass-rated. The criticized rating categories utilized by management generally follow bank regulatory definitions. The Special Mention category includes assets that are fundamentally sound yet, exhibit potentially unacceptable credit risk or deteriorating trends or characteristics which if left uncorrected, may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects for the asset or in the Company’s credit position at some future date. Loans in the Substandard category have well-defined weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt and have a distinct possibility that some loss will be sustained if the weaknesses are not corrected. All loans greater than 90 days past due are considered Substandard. Loans in the Doubtful category have all the weaknesses inherent in one classified Substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values, highly questionable and improbable. Loans in the Loss category are considered uncollectible and of little value that their continuance as bankable assets is not warranted. Certain residential real estate loans, construction loans, home equity loans and lines of credit, auto loans and other consumer loans are

 

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Table of Contents

underwritten and structured using standardized criteria and characteristics, primarily payment performance, and are normally risk rated and monitored collectively on a monthly basis. These are typically loans to individuals in the consumer categories and are delineated as either performing or non-performing.

To help ensure that risk ratings are accurate and reflect the present and future capacity of borrowers to repay a loan as agreed, the Bank has a structured loan rating process with several layers of internal and external oversight. Generally, consumer and residential mortgage loans are included in the Pass categories unless a specific action, such as bankruptcy, repossession, or death occurs to raise awareness of a possible credit event. The Bank’s Commercial Loan Officers are responsible for the timely and accurate risk rating of the loans in their portfolios at origination and on an ongoing basis. The Bank’s Commercial Loan Officers perform an annual review of all commercial relationships $500,000 or greater. Confirmation of the appropriate risk grade is included in the review on an ongoing basis. The Bank engages an external consultant to conduct loan reviews on at least a semi-annual basis. Generally, the external consultant reviews commercial relationships greater than $1,000,000 and/or all criticized relationships. Detailed reviews, including plans for resolution, are performed on loans classified as Substandard on a quarterly basis. Loans in the Special Mention and Substandard categories that are collectively evaluated for impairment are given separate consideration in the determination of the allowance.

The following tables present the classes of the loan portfolio summarized by the aggregate Pass and the criticized categories of Special Mention, Substandard and Doubtful within the internal risk rating system as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015 (in thousands):

 

     Pass      Special
Mention
     Substandard      Doubtful
or Loss
     Total  

March 31, 2016

              

Commercial real estate loans

   $ 254,939       $ 10,578       $ 21,167       $ —        $ 286,684   

Commercial

     51,561         330         3,279         —           55,170   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     59,673         —           —           —           59,673   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 366,173       $ 10,908       $ 24,446       $ —         $ 401,527   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Pass      Special
Mention
     Substandard      Doubtful
or Loss
     Total  

September 30, 2015

              

Commercial real estate loans

   $ 174,516       $ 4,521       $ 20,967       $ —         $ 200,004   

Commercial

     33,801         —           513         —           34,314   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     59,820         —           —           —           59,820   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 268,137       $ 4,521       $ 21,480       $ —         $ 294,138   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

All other loans are underwritten and structured using standardized criteria and characteristics, primarily payment performance, and are normally risk rated and monitored collectively on a monthly basis. These are typically loans to individuals in the consumer categories and are delineated as either performing or non-performing. The following tables present the risk ratings in the consumer categories of performing and non-performing loans at March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015 (in thousands):

 

     Performing      Non-performing      Total  

March 31, 2016

        

Real estate loans:

        

Residential

   $ 592,400       $ 9,685       $ 602,085   

Construction

     3,135         —           3,135   

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     45,322         1,291         46,613   

Auto loans

     187,738         596         188,334   

Other

     3,297         37         3,334   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 831,892       $ 11,609       $ 843,501   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents
     Performing      Non-performing      Total  

September 30, 2015

        

Real estate loans:

        

Residential

   $ 600,810       $ 9,772       $ 610,582   

Construction

     878         —          878   

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     39,213         690         39,903   

Auto loans

     161,827         366         162,193   

Other

     3,322         21         3,343   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 806,050       $ 10,849       $ 816,899   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Management further monitors the performance and credit quality of the loan portfolio by analyzing the age of the portfolio as determined by the length of time a recorded payment is past due. The following tables present the classes of the loan portfolio summarized by the aging categories of performing loans and nonaccrual loans as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015 (in thousands):

 

     Current      31-60 Days
Past Due
     61-90 Days
Past Due
     Greater than
90 Days Past
Due and still
accruing
     Non-Accrual      Total Past
Due and
Non-
Accrual
     Total
Loans
 

March 31, 2016

                    

Real estate loans

                    

Residential

   $ 590,617       $ 1,321       $ 462       $ —         $ 9,685       $ 11,468       $ 602,085   

Construction

     3,135         —           —           —           —           —           3,135   

Commercial

     275,800         214         157         —           10,513         10,884         286,684   

Commercial

     54,598         98         —           —           474         572         55,170   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     59,673         —           —           —           —           —           59,673   

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     45,109         121         92         —           1,291         1,504         46,613   

Auto loans

     186,764         852         122         —           596         1,570         188,334   

Other

     3,255         42         —           —           37         79         3,334   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,218,951       $ 2,648       $ 833       $ —         $ 22,596       $ 26,077       $ 1,245,028   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Current      31-60 Days
Past Due
     61-90 Days
Past Due
     Greater than
90 Days Past
Due and still
accruing
     Non-Accrual      Total Past
Due and
Non-
Accrual
     Total
Loans
 

September 30, 2015

                    

Real estate loans

                    

Residential

   $ 598,190       $ 1,575       $ 1,045       $ —         $ 9,772       $ 12,392       $ 610,582   

Construction

     878         —           —           —           —           —           878   

Commercial

     190,440         137         587         —           8,840         9,564         200,004   

Commercial

     33,545         346         7         —           416         769         34,314   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     59,820         —           —           —           —           —           59,820   

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     39,136         32         45         —           690         767         39,903   

Auto loans

     160,272         1,375         180         —           366         1,921         162,193   

Other

     3,295         27         —           —           21         48         3,343   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,085,576       $ 3,492       $ 1,864       $ —         $ 20,105       $ 25,461       $ 1,111,037   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

24


Table of Contents

Our allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level necessary to absorb loan losses that are both probable and reasonably estimable. Management, in determining the allowance for loan losses, considers the losses inherent in its loan portfolio and changes in the nature and volume of loan activities, along with the general economic and real estate market conditions. Our allowance for loan losses consists of two elements: (1) an allocated allowance, which comprises allowances established on specific loans and class allowances based on historical loss experience and current trends, and (2) an allocated allowance based on general economic conditions and other risk factors in our markets and portfolios. We maintain a loan review system, which allows for a periodic review of our loan portfolio and the early identification of potential impaired loans. Such system takes into consideration, among other things, delinquency status, size of loans, type and market value of collateral and financial condition of the borrowers. General loan loss allowances are based upon a combination of factors including, but not limited to, actual loan loss experience, composition of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions, management’s judgment and losses which are probable and reasonably estimable. The allowance is increased through provisions charged against current earnings and recoveries of previously charged-off loans. Loans that are determined to be uncollectible are charged against the allowance. While management uses available information to recognize probable and reasonably estimable loan losses, future loss provisions may be necessary, based on changing economic conditions. Payments received on impaired loans generally are either applied against principal or reported as interest income, according to management’s judgment as to the collectability of principal. The allowance for loan losses as of March 31, 2016 is maintained at a level that represents management’s best estimate of losses inherent in the loan portfolio, and such losses were both probable and reasonably estimable.

In addition, the FDIC and the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities, as an integral part of their examination process, have periodically reviewed our allowance for loan losses. The banking regulators may require that we recognize additions to the allowance based on its analysis and review of information available to it at the time of its examination.

Management reviews the loan portfolio on a quarterly basis using a defined, consistently applied process in order to make appropriate and timely adjustments to the ALL. When information confirms all or part of specific loans to be uncollectible, these amounts are promptly charged off against the ALL.

The following tables summarize changes in the primary segments of the ALL for the three and six month periods ending March 31, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands):

 

     Real Estate Loans                                             
     Residential     Construction      Commercial     Commercial
Loans
     Obligations of
States and
Political
Subdivisions
    Home
Equity
Loans and
Lines of
Credit
    Auto Loans     Other
Loans
    Unallocated     Total  

ALL balance at December 31, 2015

   $ 4,747      $ 14       $ 858      $ 705       $ 187      $ 389      $ 1,754      $ 27      $ 576      $ 9,257   

Charge-offs

     (308     —           (9     —           —          (29     (234     —          —          (580

Recoveries

     —          —           52        —           —          3        80        3        —          138   

Provision

     216        10         67        33         9        26        325        (5     (81     600   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

ALL balance at March 31, 2016

   $ 4,655      $ 24       $ 968      $ 738       $ 196      $ 389      $ 1,925      $ 25      $ 495      $ 9,415   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

ALL balance at December 31, 2014

   $ 5,571      $ 13       $ 676      $ 515       $ 145      $ 545      $ 674      $ 26      $ 351      $ 8,516   

Charge-offs

     (251     —           (42     —           —          —          (125     —          —          (418

Recoveries

     4        —           20        9         —          4        8        —          —          45   

Provision

     (35     4         189        111         (58     (81     466        4        (75     525   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

ALL balance at March 31, 2015

   $ 5,289      $ 17       $ 843      $ 635       $ 87      $ 468      $ 1,023      $ 30      $ 276      $ 8,668   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

25


Table of Contents
     Real Estate Loans                                            
     Residential     Construction      Commercial     Commercial
Loans
    Obligations of
States and
Political
Subdivisions
    Home
Equity
Loans and
Lines of
Credit
    Auto Loans     Other
Loans
    Unallocated     Total  

ALL balance at September 30, 2015

   $ 5,140      $ 7       $ 671      $ 693      $ 189      $ 461      $ 1,570      $ 27      $ 161      $ 8,919   

Charge-offs

     (399     —           (9 )     (3     —         (54     (422     —          —         (887

Recoveries

     3        —           52       1        —         4        117        6        —         183   

Provision

     (89     17         254        47        7        (22     660        (8     334        1,200   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

ALL balance at March 31, 2016

   $ 4,655      $ 24       $ 968      $ 738      $ 196      $ 389      $ 1,925      $ 25      $ 495      $ 9,415   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

ALL balance at September 30, 2014

   $ 5,573      $ 11       $ 663      $ 528      $ 163      $ 470      $ 459      $ 32      $ 735      $ 8,634   

Charge-offs

     (760     —           (53     (27     —          (19     (165     —          —         (1,024

Recoveries

     22        —           31        9        —          12        9        —          —         83   

Provision

     454        6         202        125        (76     5        720        (2     (459     975   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

ALL balance at March 31, 2015

   $ 5,289      $ 17       $ 843      $ 635      $ 87      $ 468      $ 1,023      $ 30      $ 276      $ 8,668   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Acquired loans are recorded at fair value on their purchase date without a carryover of the related allowance for loan losses.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table summarizes the primary segments of the ALL, segregated into amount required for loans individually evaluated for impairment and the amount required for loans collectively evaluated for impairment as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015 (in thousands):

 

    Real Estate Loans                                            
    Residential     Construction     Commercial     Commercial
Loans
    Obligations of
States and
Political
Subdivisions
    Home
Equity
Loans and
Lines of
Credit
    Auto Loans     Other
Loans
    Unallocated     Total  

Individually evaluated for impairment

  $ 343      $ —        $ 170      $ 0      $ —        $ 56      $ 191      $ —        $ —        $ 760   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

    4,312        24        798        738        196        333        1,734        25        495        8,655   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

ALL Balance at March 31, 2016

  $ 4,655      $ 24      $ 968      $ 738      $ 196      $ 389      $ 1,925      $ 25      $ 495      $ 9,415   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Individually evaluated for impairment

  $ 373      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 64      $ 131      $ —        $ —        $ 568   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

    4,767        7        671        693        189        397        1,439        27        161        8,351   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

ALL balance at September 30, 2015

  $ 5,140      $ 7      $ 671      $ 693      $ 189      $ 461      $ 1,570      $ 27      $ 161      $ 8,919   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The allowance for loan losses is based on estimates, and actual losses will vary from current estimates. Management believes that the granularity of the homogeneous pools and the related historical loss ratios and other qualitative factors, as well as the consistency in the application of assumptions, result in an ALL that is representative of the risk found in the components of the portfolio at any given date. The Company allocated increased provisions to residential real estate, construction loan, commercial real estate, commercial loans, obligations of states and political subdivisions and home equity loans and lines of credit for the three month period ending March 31, 2016 due to increased balances and impairment evaluations in those segments. The Company allocated decreased provisions to other loans for the three month period ending March 31, 2016 due primarily to decreased loan balances. The Company allocated increased provisions in auto loans due to increased loan balances, increased classified assets and increased charge off activity. Despite the above allocations, the allowance for loan losses is general in nature and is available to absorb losses from any loan segment.

The Company allocated decreased provisions to residential real estate, home equity loans and lines of credit and other loans for the six month period ending March 31, 2016 due to declining loan balances and impairment evaluations in those segments. The Company allocated increased provisions to commercial real estate, obligations of states and political subdivisions, commercial loans and construction loans for the six month period ending March 31, 2016 due primarily to increased loan balances and increased classified assets. The Company allocated increased provisions in auto loans due to increased loan balances, increased classified assets and increased charge off activity. Despite the above allocations, the allowance for loan losses is general in nature and is available to absorb losses from any loan segment.

 

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Table of Contents

The following is a summary of troubled debt restructuring granted during the three and six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 (dollars in thousands).

 

     For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016  
     Dollars in thousands  
     Number of
Contracts
     Pre-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
     Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

        

Real estate loans:

        

Residential

     3       $ 587       $ 587   

Construction

     —           —           —     

Commercial

     1         77         77   

Commercial

     —           —           —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —           —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     —           —           —     

Auto loans

     —           —           —     

Other

     —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     4       $ 664       $ 664   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015  
     Dollars in thousands  
     Number of
Contracts
     Pre-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
    

Post-Modification
Outstanding

Recorded
Investment

 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

        

Real estate loans:

        

Residential

     2       $ 408       $ 408   

Construction

     —           —           —     

Commercial

     —           —           —     

Commercial

     —           —           —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —           —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     1         150        150   

Auto loans

     —           —          —     

Other

     —           —          —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     3       $ 558       $ 558   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     For the Six Months Ended March 31, 2016  
     Dollars in thousands  
     Number of
Contracts
     Pre-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
     Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

        

Real estate loans:

        

Residential

     4       $ 668       $ 668   

Construction

     —           —           —     

Commercial

     —           —           —     

Commercial

     —           —           —     

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           —           —     

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     1         77         77   

Auto loans

     —           —           —     

Other

     —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     5       $ 745       $ 745   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

28


Table of Contents
     For the Six Months Ended March 31, 2016  
     Dollars in thousands  
     Number of
Contracts
     Pre-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
     Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

        

Real estate loans:

        

Residential

     9       $ 1,474       $ 1,474   

Construction

     —          —           —    

Commercial

     —          —           —    

Commercial

     —          —           —    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —          —           —    

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     1        150         150   

Auto loans

     —          —           —    

Other

     —          —           —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     10       $ 1,624       $ 1,624   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Of the four new troubled debt restructurings granted for the three months ended March 31, 2016, two loans totaling $572,000 were granted term and rate concessions, one loans totaling $15,000 was granted term concessions and one loan totaling $77,000 was granted a rate concession.

Of the three new troubled debt restructurings granted for the three months ended March 31, 2015, two loans totaling $408,000 were granted terms and rate concessions and one loan totaling $150,000 was granted terms concessions.

Of the five new troubled debt restructurings granted for the six months ended March 31, 2016, two loans totaling $572,000 were granted term and rate concessions, two loans totaling $96,000 were granted term concessions and one loan totaling $77,000 was granted a rate concession.

Of the ten new troubled debt restructurings granted for the six months ended March 31, 2015, five loans totaling $762,000 were granted terms and rate concessions, three loans totaling $496,000 were granted terms concessions and two loans totaling $366,000 were granted rate concessions (dollars in thousands).

For the three and six months ended March 31, 2016, no loans defaulted on a restructuring agreement within one year of modification.

For the three months ended March 31, 2015, three residential real estate loans totaling $521,000 defaulted on a restructuring agreement within one year of modification. For the six months ended March 31, 2015, four residential real estate loans totaling $677,000 defaulted on a restructuring agreement within one year of modification.

Foreclosed assets acquired in settlement of loans are carried at fair value, less estimated costs to sell, and are included in other assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. As of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015 included with other assets are $2.3 million and $2.5 million, respectively, of foreclosed assets. As of March 31, 2016, included within the foreclosed assets is $1.9 million of consumer residential mortgages that were foreclosed on or received via a deed in lieu transaction prior to the period end. As of March 31, 2016, the Company has initiated formal foreclosure proceedings on $4.7 million of consumer residential mortgages which have not yet been transferred into foreclosed assets.

 

29


Table of Contents
8. Deposits

Deposits consist of the following major classifications (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2016
     September 30,
2015
 

Non-interest bearing demand accounts

   $ 150,593       $ 98,514   

Interest bearing demand accounts

     107,563         110,268   

Money market accounts

     202,786         162,418   

Savings and club accounts

     143,406         129,227   

Certificates of deposit

     605,758         596,327   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,210,106       $ 1,096,754   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

9. Net Periodic Benefit Cost-Defined Benefit Plan

For a detailed disclosure on the Bank’s pension and employee benefits plans, please refer to Note 13 of the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended September 30, 2015 included in the Company’s Form 10-K.

The following table comprises the components of net periodic benefit cost for the periods ended (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
     Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2016      2015      2016      2015  

Service Cost

   $ 249       $ 218       $ 498       $ 436   

Interest Cost

     245         206         490         412   

Expected return on plan assets

     (311      (308      (622      (616

Amortization of unrecognized loss

     119         60         239         120   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost

   $ 302       $ 176       $ 605       $ 352   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Bank plans to contribute $650,000 to its pension plan in June 2016.

 

10. Equity Incentive Plan

The Company maintained the ESSA Bancorp, Inc. 2007 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). The Plan provided for a total of 2,377,326 shares of common stock for issuance upon the grant or exercise of awards. Of the shares available under the Plan, 1,698,090 may be issued in connection with the exercise of stock options and 679,236 may be issued as restricted stock. The Plan allowed for the granting of non-qualified stock options (“NSOs”), incentive stock options (“ISOs”), and restricted stock. Options are granted at no less than the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant.

The Company replaced the 2007 Equity Incentive Plan with the ESSA Bancorp, Inc. 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”). The 2016 Plan provides for a total of 250,000 shares of common stock for issuance upon the grant or exercise of awards. The 2016 Plan allows for the granting of restricted stock, restricted stock units, incentive stock options and non-qualified stock options.

Certain officers, employees and outside directors were granted in aggregate 1,140,469 NSOs; 317,910 ISOs; and 590,320 shares of restricted stock on May 23, 2008. Certain officers were granted in aggregate 30,000 shares of restricted stock on April 1, 2013, 19,880 of restricted stock on July 22, 2014, 21,843 shares of restricted stock on May 20, 2015 and 23,491 shares of restricted stock on March 4, 2016. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, the Company expenses the fair value of all share-based compensation grants over the requisite service periods.

The Company classifies share-based compensation for employees and outside directors within “Compensation and employee benefits” in the Consolidated Statement of Income to correspond with the same line item as compensation paid. Additionally, generally accepted accounting principles require the Company to report: (1) the expense associated with the grants as an adjustment to operating cash flows and (2) any benefits of realized tax deductions in excess of previously recognized tax benefits on compensation expense as a financing cash flow.

 

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Table of Contents

Stock options vest over a five-year service period and expire ten years after grant date. The Company recognizes compensation expense for the fair values of these awards, which vest on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards.

The 2013 restricted stock shares vested over an 18-month service period. The 2014 restricted shares vest over a 39 month service period. The 2015 restricted shares vest over a 40 month service period. The 2016 restricted shares vest over a 43 month service period. The product of the number of shares granted and the grant date market price of the Company’s common stock determines the fair value of restricted shares under the Company’s restricted stock plan. The Company recognizes compensation expense for the fair value of restricted shares on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award.

For the six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company recorded $204,000 and $51,000 of share-based compensation expense, respectively, comprised of restricted stock expense. Expected future compensation expense relating to the 9,932 (2014 shares) restricted shares, at March 31, 2016 is $102,000 over the remaining vesting period of 1.50 years. Expected future compensation expense relating to the 16,379 restricted shares (2015 shares) at March 31, 2016 is $214,000 over the remaining vesting period of 2.5 years. Expected future compensation expense relating to the 23,491 restricted shares (2016 shares) at March 31, 2016 is $310,000 over the remaining vesting period of 3.5 years.

The following is a summary of the Company’s stock option activity and related information for its option grants for the three month period ended March 31, 2016.

 

     Number of Stock
Options
     Weighted-
average
Exercise
Price
     Weighted-
average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (in years)
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands)
 

Outstanding, September 30, 2015

     1,314,580       $ 12.35         2.67       $ 802,000   

Granted

     —           —           —           —     

Exercised

     (140,254      12.35         2.17        —     

Forfeited

     —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

          

Outstanding, March 31, 2016

     1,174,326       $ 12.35         2.17       $ 1,339,000   
  

 

 

          

Exercisable at March 31, 2016

     1,174,326       $ 12.35         2.17       $ 1,339,000   
  

 

 

          

The following is a summary of the status of the Company’s restricted stock as of March 31, 2016, and changes therein during the three month period then ended:

 

     Number of
Restricted Stock
     Weighted-
average

Grant Date
Fair Value
 

Nonvested at September 30, 2015

     26,311       $ 12.30   

Granted

     23,491         13.52   

Vested

     —           —     

Forfeited

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

Nonvested at March 31, 2016

     49,802       $ 12.88   
  

 

 

    

 

11. Fair Value Measurement

The following disclosures show the hierarchal disclosure framework associated within the level of pricing observations utilized in measuring assets and liabilities at fair value. The definition of fair value maintains the exchange price notion in earlier definitions of fair value but focuses on the exit price of the asset or liability. The exit price is the price that would be received to sell the asset or paid to transfer the liability adjusted for certain inherent risks and restrictions. Expanded disclosures are also required about the use of fair value to measure assets and liabilities.

 

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The following table presents information about the Company’s securities, other real estate owned and impaired loans measured at fair value as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015 and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized by the Bank to determine such fair value:

 

     Fair Value Measurement at March 31, 2016         

Fair Value Measurements Utilized for the Company’s

Financial Assets (in thousands):

   Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
     Balances as of
March 31, 2016
 

Securities available-for-sale measured on a recurring basis

           

Mortgage backed securities

   $ —         $ 241,669       $ —         $ 241,669   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           57,574         —           57,574   

U.S. government agencies

     —           33,306         —           33,306   

Corporate obligations

     —           29,934         4,962         34,896   

Trust-preferred securities

     —           —           1,610         1,610   

Other debt securities

     —           20,023         500         20,523   

Equity securities-financial services

     25         —           —           25   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt and equity securities

   $ 25       $ 382,506       $ 7,072       $ 389,603   

Assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis:

           

Foreclosed real estate owned measured on a non-recurring basis

   $ —         $ —         $ 2,316       $ 2,316   

Impaired loans measured on a non-recurring basis

   $ —         $ —         $ 26,215       $ 26,215   

Mortgage servicing rights

   $ —         $ —         $ 512       $ 512   
     Fair Value Measurement at September 30, 2015         

Fair Value Measurements Utilized for the Company’s

Financial Assets (in thousands):

   Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
     Balances as of
September 30, 2015
 

Securities available-for-sale measured on a recurring basis

           

Mortgage backed securities

   $ —         $ 237,007       $ —         $ 237,007   

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —           51,625         —           51,625   

U.S. government agencies

     —           46,186         —           46,186   

Corporate obligations

     —           20,360         2,000         22,360   

Trust-preferred securities

     —           —           1,711         1,711   

Other debt securities

     —           19,993         500         20,493   

Equity securities-financial services

     25         —           —           25   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total debt and equity securities

   $ 25       $ 375,171       $ 4,211       $ 379,407   

Assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis:

           

Foreclosed real estate owned measured on a non-recurring basis

   $ —         $ —         $ 2,480       $ 2,480   

Impaired loans measured on a non-recurring basis

   $ —         $ —         $ 28,141       $ 28,141   

Mortgage Servicing rights

   $ —         $ —         $ 412       $ 412   

 

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Table of Contents

The following table presents a summary of changes in the fair value of the Company’s Level III investments for the three and six month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands).

 

     Fair Value Measurement Using Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level III)
 
     Three months ended  
     March 31, 2016     March 31, 2015  

Beginning balance

   $ 7,136      $ 2,200   

Purchases, sales, issuances, settlements, net

     —          2,000  

Total unrealized gain:

    

Included in earnings

     —          —     

Included in other comprehensive income

     (64     40   

Transfers in and/or out of Level III

     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 7,072      $ 4,240   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     Fair Value Measurement Using Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level III)
 
     Six months ended  
     March 31, 2016     March 31, 2015  

Beginning balance

   $ 4,211      $ 2,230   

Purchases, sales, issuances, settlements, net

     3,000        2,000   

Total unrealized gain:

    

Included in earnings

     —          —     

Included in other comprehensive income

     (139     10   

Transfers in and/or out of Level III

     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 7,072      $ 4,240   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Each financial asset and liability is identified as having been valued according to a specified level of input, 1, 2 or 3. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement date. Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs utilize inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets in active markets, and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability. In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy, within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls, has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset.

The measurement of fair value should be consistent with one of the following valuation techniques: market approach, income approach, and/or cost approach. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities (including a business). For example, valuation techniques consistent with the market approach often use market multiples derived from a set of comparables. Multiples might lie in ranges with a different multiple for each comparable. The selection of where within the range the appropriate multiple falls requires judgment, considering factors specific to the measurement (qualitative and quantitative). Valuation techniques consistent with the market approach include matrix pricing. Matrix pricing is a mathematical technique used principally to value debt securities without relying exclusively on quoted prices for the specific securities, but rather by relying on a security’s relationship to other benchmark quoted securities. Most of the

 

33


Table of Contents

securities classified as available for sale are reported at fair value utilizing Level 2 inputs. For these securities, the Company obtains fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quoted market spreads, cash flows, the U.S. Treasury yield curve, live trading levels, trade execution data, market consensus prepayment speeds, credit information and the bond’s terms and conditions, among other things. Securities reported at fair value utilizing Level 1 inputs are limited to actively traded equity securities whose market price is readily available from the New York Stock Exchange or the NASDAQ exchange. A few securities are valued using Level 3 inputs, most of these are classified as available for sale and are reported at fair value using Level 3 inputs. Foreclosed real estate is measured at fair value, less cost to sell at the date of foreclosure, valuations are periodically performed by management and the assets are carried at the lower of carrying amount or fair value, less cost to sell. Income and expenses from operations and changes in valuation allowance are included in the net expenses from foreclosed real estate. Impaired loans are reported at fair value utilizing level three inputs. For these loans, a review of the collateral is conducted and an appropriate allowance for loan losses is allocated to the loan. At March 31, 2016, 208 impaired loans with a carrying value of $27.0 million were reduced by specific valuation allowance totaling $760,000 resulting in a net fair value of $26.2 million based on Level 3 inputs. At September 30, 2015, 211 impaired loans with a carrying value of $28.7 million were reduced by a specific valuation totaling $568,000 resulting in a net fair value of $28.1 million based on Level 3 inputs.

 

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Table of Contents

The following table presents additional quantitative information about assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and for which the Company has utilized Level 3 inputs to determine fair value:

 

     Quantitative Information about Level 3 Fair Value Measurements
(in thousands)    Fair Value
Estimate
     Valuation
Techniques
  Unobservable
Input
  Range

March 31, 2016:

         

Impaired loans

   $ 26,215       Appraisal of
collateral (1)
  Appraisal
adjustments (2)
  0% to 50%
(23.8%)

Foreclosed real estate owned

     2,316       Appraisal of
collateral (1)
  Appraisal
adjustments (2)
  20% to 49%
(22.7%)

Mortgage servicing rights

     512       Discounted cash flow   Discount rate   6% to 11%
(10.3%)
        Prepayment speeds   7% to 81%
(17.7%)
     Quantitative Information about Level 3 Fair Value Measurements
(in thousands)    Fair Value
Estimate
     Valuation
Techniques
  Unobservable
Input
  Range

September 30, 2015:

         

Impaired loans

   $ 28,141       Appraisal of
collateral (1)
  Appraisal
adjustments (2)
  0% to 60%
(22.3%)

Foreclosed real estate owned

     2,480       Appraisal of
collateral (1)
  Appraisal
adjustments (2)
  20% to 46%
(21.3%)

Mortgage servicing rights

     412       Discounted cash flow   Discount rate   6% to 11%
(10.1%)
        Prepayment speeds   5% to 79%
(17.9%)

 

(1) Fair value is generally determined through independent appraisals of the underlying collateral, which generally include various level 3 inputs which are not identifiable.
(2) Appraisals may be adjusted by management for qualitative factors such as economic conditions and estimated liquidation expenses. The range of liquidation expenses and other appraisal adjustments are presented as a percent of the appraisal.

The fair values presented represent the Company’s best estimate of fair value using the methodologies discussed below.

Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The fair values presented represent the Company’s best estimate of fair value using the methodologies discussed below.

 

     March 31, 2016  
     Carrying Value      Level I      Level II      Level III      Total Fair
Value
 

Financial assets:

              

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 23,883       $ 23,883       $ —         $ —         $ 23,883   

Certificates of deposit

     1,500         —           —           1,526         1,526   

Investment and mortgage backed securities available for sale

     389,603         25         382,506         7,072         389,603   

Loans receivable, net

     1,235,613         —           —           1,255,642         1,255,642   

Accrued interest receivable

     5,730         5,730         —           —           5,730   

Regulatory stock

     15,492         15,492         —           —           15,492   

Mortgage servicing rights

     512         —           —           512         512   

Bank owned life insurance

     31,119         31,119         —           —           31,119   

Financial liabilities:

              

Deposits

   $ 1,210,106       $ 604,347       $ —         $ 610,374       $ 1,214,721   

Short-term borrowings

     126,243         126,243         —           —           126,243   

Other borrowings

     230,601         —           —           232,085         232,085   

Advances by borrowers for taxes and insurance

     8,514         8,514         —           —           8,514   

Accrued interest payable

     1,076         1,076         —           —           1,076   

 

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Table of Contents
     September 30, 2015  
     Carrying Value      Level I      Level II      Level III      Total Fair
Value
 

Financial assets:

              

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 18,758       $ 18,758       $ —         $ —         $ 18,758   

Certificates of deposit

     1,750         —           —           1,774         1,774   

Investment and mortgage backed securities available for sale

     379,407         25         375,171         4,211         379,407   

Loans receivable, net

     1,102,118         —           —           1,123,436         1,123,436   

Accrued interest receivable

     5,068         5,068         —           —           5,068   

Regulatory stock

     13,831         13,831         —           —           13,831   

Mortgage servicing rights

     412         —           —           412         412   

Bank owned life insurance

     30,655         30,655         —           —           30,655   

Financial liabilities:

              

Deposits

   $ 1,096,754       $ 500,427       $ —         $ 600,250         1,100,677   

Short-term borrowings

     91,339         91,339         —           —           91,339   

Other borrowings

     229,101         —           —           230,255         230,255   

Advances by borrowers for taxes and insurance

     4,273         4,273         —           —           4,273   

Accrued interest payable

     866         866         —           —           866   

Financial instruments are defined as cash, evidence of an ownership interest in an entity, or a contract which creates an obligation or right to receive or deliver cash or another financial instrument from/to a second entity on potentially favorable or unfavorable terms.

Fair value is defined as the amount at which a financial instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties other than in a forced or liquidation sale. If a quoted market price is available for a financial instrument, the fair value would be calculated based upon the market price per trading unit of the instrument.

If no readily available market exists, the fair value for financial instruments should be based upon management’s judgment regarding current economic conditions, interest rate risk, expected cash flows, future estimated losses, and other factors as determined through various option pricing formulas or simulation modeling.

As many of these assumptions result from judgments made by management based upon estimates which are inherently uncertain, the resulting values may not be indicative of the amount realizable in the sale of a particular financial instrument. In addition, changes in the assumptions on which the values are based may have a significant impact on the resulting estimated values.

As certain assets and liabilities, such as deferred tax assets, premises and equipment, and many other operational elements of the Bank, are not considered financial instruments but have value, this fair value of financial instruments would not represent the full market value of the Company.

The Company employed simulation modeling in determining the fair value of financial instruments for which quoted market prices were not available based upon the following assumptions:

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Accrued Interest Receivable, Short-Term Borrowings, Advances by Borrowers for Taxes and Insurance, and Accrued Interest Payable

The fair value approximates the current book value.

Bank-Owned Life Insurance

The fair value is equal to the cash surrender value of the Bank-owned life insurance.

 

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Table of Contents

Investment and Mortgage-Backed Securities Available for Sale and Regulatory Stock

The fair value of investment and mortgage-backed securities available for sale is equal to the available quoted market price. If no quoted market price is available, fair value is estimated using the quoted market price for similar securities. Since the Regulatory stock is not actively traded on a secondary market and held exclusively by member financial institutions, the fair market value approximates the carrying amount. For certain securities which are not traded in active markets or are subject to transfer restrictions, valuations are adjusted to reflect illiquidity and/or non-transferability, and such adjustments are generally based on available market evidence (Level 3). In the absence of such evidence, management’s best estimate is used. Management’s best estimate consists of both internal and external support on certain Level 3 investments. Internal cash flow models using a present value formula that includes assumptions market participants would use along with indicative exit pricing obtained from broker/dealers (where available) are used to support fair values of certain Level 3 investments, if applicable.

Loans Receivable

The fair values of loans are estimated using discounted cash flow analyses, using market rates at the balance sheet date that reflect the credit and interest rate-risk inherent in the loans. Projected future cash flows are calculated based upon contractual maturity or call dates, projected repayments and prepayments of principal. Generally, for variable rate loans that reprice frequently and with no significant change in credit risk, fair values are based on carrying values.

Mortgage Servicing Rights

The Company utilizes a third party provider to estimate the fair value of certain loan servicing rights. Fair value for the purpose of this measurement is defined as the amount at which the asset could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced liquidation.

Deposits

The fair values disclosed for demand, savings, and money market deposit accounts are valued at the amount payable on demand as of quarter-end. Fair values for time deposits are estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies contractual costs currently being offered in the existing portfolio to current market rates being offered for deposits of similar remaining maturities.

Other Borrowings

Fair values for other borrowings are estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies contractual costs currently being offered in the existing portfolio to current market rates being offered for other borrowings of similar remaining maturities.

Commitments to Extend Credit

These financial instruments are generally not subject to sale, and fair values are not readily available. The carrying value, represented by the net deferred fee arising from the unrecognized commitment, and the fair value, determined by discounting the remaining contractual fee over the term of the commitment using fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements with similar credit risk, are not considered material for disclosure.

 

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Table of Contents
12. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The activity in accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income/(Loss)
 
     Defined Benefit
Pension Plan
    Unrealized Gains
(Losses) on Securities

Available for Sale
    Total  

Balance at December 31, 2015

   $ (5,246   $ 684      $ (4,562

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications

     —          3,287        3,287   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax

     79        (241     (162
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Period change

     79        3,046        3,125   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2016

   $ (5,167   $ 3,730      $ (1,437
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2014

   $ (3,188   $ 2,457      $ (731

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications

     —          1,567        1,567   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax

     40        (135     (95
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Period change

     40        1,432        1,472   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2015

   $ (3,148   $ 3,889      $ 741   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income/(Loss)
 
     Defined Benefit
Pension Plan
    Unrealized Gains
(Losses) on Securities
Available for Sale
    Total  

Balance at September 30, 2015

   $ (5,325   $ 2,930      $ (2,395

Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications

     —          1,043        1,043   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax

     158        (243     (85
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Period change

     158        800        958   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2016

   $ (5,167   $ 3,730      $ (1,437
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2014

   $ (3,228   $ 649      $ (2,579

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications

     —          3,375        3,375   

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax

     80        (135     (55
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Period change

     80        3,240        3,320   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2015

   $ (3,148   $ 3,889      $ 741   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents
     Amount Reclassified from
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
     Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income for
the Three months Ended
March 31,
    Affected Line Item in the Consolidated
Statement of Income
     2016     2015      

Securities available for sale:

      

Securities gains reclassified into earnings

   $ 365      $ 204     Gain on sale of investments

Related income tax expense

     (124     (69 )   Income taxes
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net effect on accumulated other comprehensive loss for the period

     241        135    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Defined benefit pension plan:

      

Amortization of net loss

     (119     (60   Compensation and employee benefits

Related income tax expense

     40        20      Income taxes
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net effect on accumulated other comprehensive loss for the period

   $ (79   $ (40  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total reclassification for the period

   $ 162      $ 95     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   
     Amount Reclassified from
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
     Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income for
the Six months Ended
March 31,
    Affected Line Item in the Consolidated
Statement of Income
     2016     2015      

Securities available for sale:

      

Securities gains reclassified into earnings

   $ 368      $ 204      Gain on sale of investments

Related income tax expense

     (125     (69   Income taxes
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net effect on accumulated other comprehensive loss for the period

     243        135     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Defined benefit pension plan:

      

Amortization of net loss

     (239     (121   Compensation and employee benefits

Related income tax expense

     81        41      Income taxes
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net effect on accumulated other comprehensive loss for the period

   $ (158   $ (80  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total reclassification for the period

   $ 85      $ 55     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

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Table of Contents
13. Acquisitions

Acquisition of Eagle National Bancorp, Inc.

On December 4, 2015, the Company closed on a merger transaction pursuant to which ESSA Bancorp, Inc. acquired Eagle National Bancorp, Inc. (“ENB”) and its’ wholly owned subsidiary Eagle National Bank, in a cash transaction. The acquisition added five branch locations in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania market, establishing ESSA’s presence in that market.

Under the terms of the merger agreement, the Company acquired all of the outstanding shares of ENB, for a total cash purchase price of approximately $24.7 million. Eagle National Bank has been merged into ESSA Bank & Trust, with ESSA Bank & Trust as the surviving entity.

The acquired assets and assumed liabilities were measured at estimated fair values. Management made significant estimates and exercised significant judgment in accounting for the acquisition. Management measured loan fair values based on loan file reviews (including borrower financial statements or tax returns), appraised collateral values, expected cash flows and historical loss factors of ENB. The Company also recorded an identifiable intangible asset representing the core deposit base of ENB based on management’s evaluation of the cost of such deposits relative to alternative funding sources. Management used market quotations to measure the fair value of investment securities. The business combination resulted in the acquisition of loans with and without evidence of credit quality deterioration. ENB’s loans were deemed impaired at the acquisition date if the Company did not expect to receive all contractually required cash flows due to concerns about credit quality. Such loans were fair valued and the difference between contractually required payments at the acquisition date and cash flows expected to be collected was recorded as a nonaccretable difference. At the acquisition date, the Company recorded $3.5 million of purchased credit-impaired loans subject to a nonaccretable difference of $2.0 million. The method of measuring carrying value of purchased loans differs from loans originated by the Company (originated loans), and as such, the Company identifies purchased loans and purchased loans with a credit quality discount and originated loans as amortized cost.

ENB’s loans without evidence of credit deterioration were measured to fair valued by discounting both expected principal and interest cash flows using an observable discount rate for similar instruments that a market participant would consider in determining fair value. Additionally, consideration was given to management’s best estimates of default rates and payment speeds. At acquisition, ENB’s loan portfolio without evidence of deterioration totaled $120.7 million and was recorded at a fair value of $121.4 million.

The following condensed statement reflects the values assigned to ENB net assets as of the acquisitions date:

 

Total purchase price

   $ 24,655   

Net assets acquired:

  

Cash

   $ 8,481   

Investments available for sale

     36,275   

Loans receivable

     123,380   

Regulatory stock

     889   

Premises and equipment, net

     945   

Intangible assets

     1,491   

Deferred tax assets

     715   

Other assets

     2,174   

Certificates of deposits

     (32,408

Deposits other than certificates of deposits

     (119,865

Other liabilities

     (964
  

 

 

 
     21,113   
  

 

 

 

Goodwill resulting from the ENB merger

     3,542   
  

 

 

 

 

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Results of operations for ENB prior to the acquisition date are not included in the Consolidated Statement of Income for the three and six month periods ended March 31, 2016. The following table presents financial information regarding the former Eagle National Bank operations included in the Consolidated Statement of Income from the date of acquisition through March 31, 2016 under column “Actual from acquisition date through March 31, 2016.” In addition, the following table presents unaudited pro forma information as if the acquisition of ENB had occurred on October 1, 2014 under the “Pro Forma” columns. The table below has been prepared for comparative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the actual results that would have been attained had the acquisition occurred as of the beginning of the periods presented, nor is it indicative of future results. Furthermore, the unaudited pro forma information does not reflect management’s estimate of any revenue-enhancing opportunities nor anticipated cost savings as a result of the integration and consolidation of the acquisition. Merger and acquisition integration costs and amortization of fair value adjustments net of the related income tax effects are included in the amounts below.

 

    

Actual From Acquisition Date

Through March 31, 2016

(in thousands)

 

Net interest income

   $ 2,123   

Non interest income

     166   

Net income

   $ 575   

 

     Pro Formas  
     Three months ended March 31,      Six months ended March 31,  
     2016      2015      2016      2015  
     (in thousands, except per share data)  

Net interest income

   $ 12,284       $ 12,653       $ 24,760       $ 25,376   

Non interest income

     2,278         2,037         4,177         3,999   

Net income

     2,128         2,469         2,436         4,961   

Pro forma earnings per share:

           

Basic

   $ 0.21       $ 0.24       $ 0.24       $ 0.47   

Diluted

   $ 0.20       $ 0.24       $ 0.23       $ 0.47   

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward Looking Statements

This quarterly report contains forward-looking statements, which can be identified by the use of such words as estimate, project, believe, intend, anticipate, plan, seek, expect and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements include:

 

    statements of our goals, intentions and expectations;

 

    statements regarding our business plans and prospects and growth and operating strategies;

 

    statements regarding the asset quality of our loan and investment portfolios; and

 

    estimates of our risks and future costs and benefits.

By identifying these forward-looking statements for you in this manner, we are alerting you to the possibility that our actual results and financial condition may differ, possibly materially, from the anticipated results and financial condition indicated in these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ from those indicated in the forward-looking statements include, among others, those discussed under “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and Part II, Item 1A of this Report on Form 10-Q, as well as the following factors:

 

    significantly increased competition among depository and other financial institutions;

 

    inflation and changes in the interest rate environment that reduce our margins or reduce the fair value of financial instruments;

 

    general economic conditions, either nationally or in our market areas, that are worse than expected;

 

    adverse changes in the securities markets;

 

    legislative or regulatory changes that adversely affect our business;

 

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    our ability to enter new markets successfully and take advantage of growth opportunities, and the possible short-term dilutive effect of potential acquisitions or de novo branches, if any;

 

    changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits;

 

    changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the bank regulatory agencies and the Financial Accounting Standards Board; and

 

    changes in our organization, compensation and benefit plans.

These risks and uncertainties should be considered in evaluating forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements.

Comparison of Financial Condition at March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015

Total Assets. Total assets increased by $156.7 million, or 9.8%, to $1.76 billion at March 31, 2016 from $1.61 billion at September 30, 2015. The acquisition of ENB was the primary reason for the increase. At the acquisition date of December 4, 2015, ENB had total assets of $173.7 million, including total loans of $124.2 million and total deposits of $152.2 million. After subtracting the acquisition purchase price of $24.7 million and purchase accounting adjustments, net assets contributed at the acquisition date were $153.2 million.

Total Cash and Cash Equivalents. Total cash and cash equivalents increased $5.1 million, or 27.3%, to $23.9 million at March 31, 2016 from $18.8 million at September 30, 2015. Increases in cash and due from banks of $5.0 million and interest bearing deposits with other institutions of $113,000 were the primary reasons for the increase.

Net Loans. Net loans increased $133.5 million, or 12.1%, to $1.24 billion at March 31, 2016 from $1.10 billion at September 30, 2015. Net loans acquired from ENB in the merger were $123.4 million. During this period, construction loans increased $2.3 million to $3.1 million, commercial real estate loans increased $86.7 million to $286.7 million, commercial loans increased $20.9 million to $55.2 million, home equity loans and lines of credit increased $6.7 million to $46.6 million, and auto loans increased $26.1 million to $188.3 million. These increases were partially offset by decreases in residential loans of $8.5 million to $602.1 million, other loans of $9,000 to $3.3 million, and obligations of states and political subdivisions of $147,000 to $59.7 million.

Investment Securities Available for Sale. Investment securities available for sale increased $10.2 million, or 2.7%, to $389.6 million at March 31, 2016 from $379.4 million at September 30, 2015. Net investment securities acquired from ENB in the merger were $20.3 million. The increase was due primarily to increases in mortgage backed securities of $4.7 million, obligations of states and political subdivision or $5.9 million, other debt securities of $30,000 and corporate obligations of $12.5 million, offset in part by decreases in US government agency securities of $12.9 million, and trust preferred securities of $101,000. The Company sold $11.7 million of investment securities in February, 2016.

Deposits. Deposits increased $113.4 million, or 10.3%, to $1.21 billion at March 31, 2016 from $1.10 billion at September 30, 2015 primarily as a result of the ENB acquisition. Net deposits acquired from ENB in the merger were $152.3 million. With the exception of interest bearing demand accounts, which declined $2.7 million, all deposit categories increased, the largest being a $52.1 million increase in non-interest bearing demand accounts. At March 31, 2016, compared to September 30, 2015, certificates of deposit, which increased $9.4 million to $605.8 million, included an increase in brokered certificates of $6.1 million to $278.0 million.

Borrowed Funds. Borrowed funds increased by $36.4 million, or 11.4%, to $356.8 million at March 31, 2016, from $320.4 million at September 30, 2015. No borrowings were assumed from ENB in the merger. The increase in borrowed funds was due to increases in other borrowings of $1.5 million as well as an increase in short term borrowings of $34.9 million. All borrowings at March 31, 2016 represent advances from the Pittsburgh FHLB.

Stockholders’ Equity. Stockholders’ equity increased by $3.3 million, or 1.9% to $174.6 million at March 31, 2016 from $171.3 million at September 30, 2015. The increase in stockholders’ equity was primarily due to the changes to accumulated other comprehensive loss and net income offset by dividends paid on common stock.

 

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Average Balance Sheets for the Three and Six Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015

The following tables set forth average balance sheets, average yields and costs, and certain other information for the periods indicated. All average balances are daily average balances, the yields set forth below include the effect of deferred fees and discounts and premiums that are amortized or accreted to interest income.

 

     For the Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2016     2015  
     Average Balance     Interest Income/
Expense
    Yield/Cost     Average Balance     Interest Income/
Expense
    Yield/Cost  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Interest-earning assets:

            

Loans(1)

   $ 1,239,569      $ 12,805        4.15   $ 1,074,394      $ 11,100        4.19

Investment Securities

            

Taxable(2)

     84,770        531        2.52     80,644        433        2.18

Exempt from federal income tax(2)(3)

     41,722        255        3.72     36,377        239        4.04