Attached files

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EX-31.4 - EXHIBIT 31.4 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit314-maalpq12016.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit312-maaq12016.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit311-maaq12016.htm
EX-32.4 - EXHIBIT 32.4 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit324-maalpq12016.htm
EX-32.3 - EXHIBIT 32.3 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit323-maalpq12016.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit322-maaq12016.htm
EX-12.1 - EXHIBIT 12.1 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit121-maaq12016.htm
EX-31.3 - EXHIBIT 31.3 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit313-maalpq12016.htm
EX-12.2 - EXHIBIT 12.2 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit122-maalpq12016.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - MID AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES INC.exhibit321-maaq12016.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

ý QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016
or

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ______ to ______

Commission File Number 001-12762 (Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.)
Commission File Number 333-190028-01 (Mid-America Apartments, L.P.)

MID-AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES, INC.
MID-AMERICA APARTMENTS, L.P.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Tennessee (Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.)
62-1543819
Tennessee (Mid-America Apartments, L.P.)
62-1543816
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
6584 Poplar Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee, 38138
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
 
(901) 682-6600
 
 
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
 
N/A
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
YES  ý
NO o
Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
YES  ý
NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
YES  ý
NO o
Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
YES  ý
NO o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer  ý
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer  ý
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
YES o
NO  ý
Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
YES o
NO  ý

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
 
Number of Shares Outstanding at
Class
May 2, 2016
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
75,509,754




MID-AMERICA APARTMENT COMMUNITIES, INC.
MID-AMERICA APARTMENTS, L.P.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page
 PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements.
 
Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2016 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2015 (Unaudited).
4
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016 (Unaudited) and 2015 (Unaudited).
5
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2016 (Unaudited) and 2015 (Unaudited).
6
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2016 (Unaudited) and 2015 (Unaudited).
7
Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2016 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2015 (Unaudited).
8
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016 (Unaudited) and 2015 (Unaudited).
9
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2016 (Unaudited) and 2015 (Unaudited).
10
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2016 (Unaudited) and 2015 (Unaudited).
11
 
 
 
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).
12
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
30
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
40
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures.
40
 
 
 
 PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings.
42
Item 1A.
Risk Factors.
42
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
42
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
42
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures.
43
Item 5.
Other Information.
43
Item 6.
Exhibits.
43
 
Signatures.
44
 
Exhibit Index.
46

1



Explanatory Note

This periodic report on Form 10-Q, or this Report, combines the quarterly reports for the quarter ended March 31, 2016 of Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc., a Tennessee corporation and Mid-America Apartments, L.P., a Tennessee limited partnership, of which Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. is its sole general partner. Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. and its 94.8% owned subsidiary, Mid-America Apartments, L.P., are both required to file periodic reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this Report to "MAA" refer only to Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc., and not to any of its consolidated subsidiaries. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references in this Report to "we," "us," "our," or the "Company" refer collectively to Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc., together with its consolidated subsidiaries, including Mid-America Apartments, L.P. Unless the context otherwise requires, the references in this Report to the "Operating Partnership" or "MAALP" refer to Mid-America Apartments, L.P. together with its consolidated subsidiaries. "Common stock" refers to the common stock of MAA and "shareholders" means the holders of shares of MAA’s common stock. The limited partnership interests of the Operating Partnership are referred to as "OP Units" and the holders of the OP Units are referred to as "unitholders".

As of March 31, 2016, MAA owned 75,505,025 units (or approximately 94.8%) of the limited partnership interests of the Operating Partnership. MAA conducts substantially all of its business and holds substantially all of its assets through the Operating Partnership, and by virtue of its ownership of the OP Units and being the Operating Partnership's sole general partner, MAA has the ability to control all of the day-to-day operations of the Operating Partnership.

We believe combining the periodic reports of MAA and the Operating Partnership, including the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements, into this Report results in the following benefits:

enhances investors' understanding of MAA and the Operating Partnership by enabling investors to view the business as a whole in the same manner that management views and operates the business;
eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined and readable presentation since a substantial portion of the disclosure in this Report applies to both MAA and the Operating Partnership; and
creates time and cost efficiencies through the preparation of one combined Report instead of two separate reports.

Management operates MAA and the Operating Partnership as one business. The management of the Company is comprised of individuals who are officers of MAA and employees of the Operating Partnership. We believe it is important to understand the few differences between MAA and the Operating Partnership in the context of how MAA and the Operating Partnership operate as a consolidated company. MAA and the Operating Partnership are structured as an "umbrella partnership REIT," or UPREIT. MAA's interest in the Operating Partnership entitles MAA to share in cash distributions from, and in the profits and losses of, the Operating Partnership in proportion to MAA's percentage interest therein and entitles MAA to vote on substantially all matters requiring a vote of the partners. MAA's only material asset is its ownership of limited partnership interests in the Operating Partnership; therefore, MAA does not conduct business itself, other than acting as the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, issuing public equity from time-to-time and guaranteeing certain debt of the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership holds, directly or indirectly, all of our real estate assets. Except for net proceeds from public equity issuances by MAA, which are contributed to the Operating Partnership in exchange for limited partnership interests, the Operating Partnership generates the capital required by the Company's business through the Operating Partnership's operations, direct or indirect incurrence of indebtedness and issuance of partnership units.

The presentation of MAA's shareholders' equity and the Operating Partnership's capital are the principal areas of difference between the consolidated financial statements of MAA and those of the Operating Partnership. MAA's shareholders' equity may include shares of preferred stock, shares of common stock, additional paid-in capital, cumulative earnings, cumulative distributions, noncontrolling interest, preferred units, treasury shares, accumulated other comprehensive income and redeemable common units. The Operating Partnership's capital may include common capital and preferred capital of the general partner (MAA), limited partners' preferred capital, limited partners' noncontrolling interest, accumulated other comprehensive income and redeemable common units. Redeemable common units represent the number of outstanding OP Units as of the date of the applicable balance sheet, valued for conversion at the greater of the closing market price of MAA's common stock or the aggregate value of the individual partners' capital balances. Holders of OP Units (other than MAA and its entity affiliates) may require us to redeem their OP Units, from time to time, in which case we may, at our option, pay the redemption price either in cash (in an amount per common unit equal, in general, to the average closing price of MAA’s common stock on the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE, over a specified period prior to the redemption date) or by delivering one share of our common stock (subject to adjustment under specified circumstances) for each OP Unit so redeemed.

2



In order to highlight the material differences between MAA and the Operating Partnership, this Report includes sections that separately present and discuss areas that are materially different between MAA and the Operating Partnership, including:

the consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of this Report;
certain accompanying notes to the financial statements, including Note 2 - Earnings per Common Share of MAA and Note 3 - Earnings per OP Unit of MAALP; and Note 9 - Shareholders' Equity of MAA and Note 10 - Partners' Capital of MAALP; and
the certifications of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of MAA included as Exhibits 31 and 32 to this Report.

In the sections that combine disclosure for MAA and the Operating Partnership, this Report refers to actions or holdings as being actions or holdings of the Company. Although the Operating Partnership (directly or indirectly through one of its subsidiaries) is generally the entity that enters into contracts, holds assets and issues debt, management believes this presentation is appropriate for the reasons set forth above and because the business is one enterprise, and we operate the business through the Operating Partnership.


3




Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Assets:
 
 
 
Real estate assets:
 
 
 
Land
$
931,667

 
$
926,532

Buildings and improvements
6,999,815

 
6,939,288

Furniture, fixtures and equipment
235,054

 
228,157

Development and capital improvements in progress
49,476

 
44,355

 
8,216,012

 
8,138,332

Less accumulated depreciation
(1,554,195
)
 
(1,482,368
)
 
6,661,817

 
6,655,964

 
 
 
 
Undeveloped land
43,034

 
51,779

Corporate properties, net
8,989

 
8,812

Investments in real estate joint ventures
526

 
1,811

Real estate assets, net
6,714,366

 
6,718,366

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
28,184

 
37,559

Restricted cash
21,640

 
26,082

Deferred financing costs, net
4,916

 
5,232

Other assets
57,208

 
58,935

Goodwill
1,607

 
1,607

Total assets
$
6,827,921

 
$
6,847,781

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and equity:
 

 
 

Liabilities:
 

 
 

Unsecured notes payable
$
2,196,214

 
$
2,141,332

Secured notes payable
1,247,749

 
1,286,236

Accounts payable
8,222

 
5,922

Fair market value of interest rate swaps
12,257

 
10,358

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
206,781

 
226,237

Security deposits
12,052

 
11,623

Total liabilities
3,683,275

 
3,681,708

 
 
 
 
Redeemable stock
9,413

 
8,250

 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity:
 

 
 

Common stock, $0.01 par value per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 75,505,025 and 75,408,571 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively (1)
754

 
753

Additional paid-in capital
3,627,707

 
3,627,074

Accumulated distributions in excess of net income
(653,756
)
 
(634,141
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(3,976
)
 
(1,589
)
Total MAA shareholders' equity
2,970,729

 
2,992,097

Noncontrolling interest
164,504

 
165,726

Total equity
3,135,233

 
3,157,823

Total liabilities and equity
$
6,827,921

 
$
6,847,781

(1) 
Number of shares issued and outstanding represent total shares of common stock regardless of classification on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The number of shares classified as redeemable stock on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are 92,777 and 90,844, respectively.

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
Three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Operating revenues:
 
 
 
Rental revenues
$
245,665

 
$
234,941

Other property revenues
23,351

 
23,611

Total operating revenues
269,016

 
258,552

Property operating expenses:
 

 
 

Personnel
25,197

 
25,661

Building repairs and maintenance
6,099

 
6,625

Real estate taxes and insurance
35,172

 
33,321

Utilities
22,136

 
22,077

Landscaping
5,321

 
5,445

Other operating
6,956

 
7,520

Depreciation and amortization
75,127

 
73,112

Total property operating expenses
176,008

 
173,761

Acquisition expense
713

 
339

Property management expenses
9,004

 
8,492

General and administrative expenses
6,582

 
6,567

Income from continuing operations before non-operating items
76,709

 
69,393

Interest and other non-property income (expense)
32

 
(210
)
Interest expense
(32,211
)
 
(30,848
)
Gain (loss) on debt extinguishment
3

 
(3,376
)
Net casualty loss after insurance and other settlement proceeds
(947
)
 
(19
)
Gain on sale of depreciable real estate assets
755

 
30,228

Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets
1,627

 

Income before income tax expense
45,968

 
65,168

Income tax expense
(288
)
 
(510
)
Income from continuing operations before joint venture activity
45,680

 
64,658

Gain from real estate joint ventures
128

 
19

Consolidated net income
45,808

 
64,677

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
2,395

 
3,410

Net income available for MAA common shareholders
$
43,413

 
$
61,267

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share - basic:
 

 
 

Net income available for common shareholders
$
0.58

 
$
0.81

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share - diluted:
 

 
 

Net income available for common shareholders
$
0.58

 
$
0.81

 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per common share
$
0.82

 
$
0.77

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5



Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Consolidated net income
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
Unrealized loss from the effective portion of derivative instruments
(3,705
)
 
(4,347
)
Reclassification adjustment for net losses included in net income for the effective portion of derivative instruments
1,186

 
2,192

Total comprehensive income
43,289

 
62,522

Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(2,263
)
 
(3,296
)
Comprehensive income attributable to MAA
$
41,026

 
$
59,226

 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.



6



Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Consolidated net income
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Retail revenue accretion
(91
)
 
(29
)
Depreciation and amortization
75,148

 
73,117

Stock compensation expense
1,885

 
1,289

Redeemable stock issued
186

 
189

Amortization of debt premium and debt issuance costs
(2,656
)
 
(4,280
)
Gain from investments in real estate joint ventures
(128
)
 
(17
)
Loss on debt extinguishment

 
2,787

Derivative interest credit
(616
)
 
(473
)
Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets
(1,627
)
 

Gain on sale of depreciable real estate assets
(755
)
 
(30,228
)
Net casualty loss and other settlement proceeds
947

 
19

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Restricted cash
4,442

 
7,391

Other assets
(1,666
)
 
2,441

Accounts payable
2,300

 
(431
)
Accrued expenses and other
(19,496
)
 
(14,058
)
Security deposits
404

 
465

Net cash provided by operating activities
104,085

 
102,859

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

Purchases of real estate and other assets
(61,930
)
 
(48,685
)
Normal capital improvements
(16,190
)
 
(16,499
)
Construction capital and other improvements
(984
)
 
(3,153
)
Renovations to existing real estate assets
(7,692
)
 
(5,150
)
Development
(13,020
)
 
(5,034
)
Distributions from real estate joint ventures
1,418

 
6

Proceeds from disposition of real estate assets
32,481

 
52,770

Funding of escrow for future acquisitions

 
(6,431
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(65,917
)
 
(32,176
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 

Net change in credit lines
55,000

 
3,885

Principal payments on notes payable
(35,494
)
 
(17,472
)
Payment of deferred financing costs
(139
)
 
(172
)
Repurchase of common stock
(1,730
)
 
(937
)
Proceeds from issuances of common shares
90

 
8

Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(3,413
)
 
(3,223
)
Dividends paid on common shares
(61,857
)
 
(57,840
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(47,543
)
 
(75,751
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(9,375
)
 
(5,068
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
37,559

 
25,401

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
28,184

 
$
20,333

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 

 
 

Interest paid
$
25,114

 
$
27,017

Income taxes paid
$
19

 
$

Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:
 

 
 

Conversion of units to shares of common stock
$
33

 
$
46

Accrued construction in progress
$
12,307

 
$
8,392

Interest capitalized
$
380

 
$
474

Marked-to-market adjustment on derivative instruments
$
(1,903
)
 
$
(1,659
)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

7




Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015
(unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except unit data)
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Assets:
 
 
 
Real estate assets:
 
 
 
Land
$
931,667

 
$
926,532

Buildings and improvements
6,999,815

 
6,939,288

Furniture, fixtures and equipment
235,054

 
228,157

Development and capital improvements in progress
49,476

 
44,355

 
8,216,012

 
8,138,332

Less accumulated depreciation
(1,554,195
)
 
(1,482,368
)
 
6,661,817

 
6,655,964

 
 
 
 
Undeveloped land
43,034

 
51,779

Corporate properties, net
8,989

 
8,812

Investments in real estate joint ventures
526

 
1,811

Real estate assets, net
6,714,366

 
6,718,366

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
28,184

 
37,559

Restricted cash
21,640

 
26,082

Deferred financing costs, net
4,916

 
5,232

Other assets
57,208

 
58,935

Goodwill
1,607

 
1,607

Total assets
$
6,827,921

 
$
6,847,781

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Capital:
 

 
 

Liabilities:
 

 
 

Unsecured notes payable
$
2,196,214

 
$
2,141,332

Secured notes payable
1,247,749

 
1,286,236

Accounts payable
8,222

 
5,922

Fair market value of interest rate swaps
12,257

 
10,358

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
206,781

 
226,237

Security deposits
12,052

 
11,623

Due to general partner
19

 
19

Total liabilities
3,683,294

 
3,681,727

 
 
 
 
Redeemable units
9,413

 
8,250

 
 
 
 
Capital:
 

 
 

General partner: 75,505,025 OP Units outstanding at March 31, 2016 and 75,408,571 OP Units outstanding at December 31, 2015 (1)
2,974,847

 
2,993,696

Limited partners: 4,162,163 OP Units outstanding at March 31, 2016 and 4,162,996 OP Units outstanding at December 31, 2015 (1)
164,504

 
165,726

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(4,137
)
 
(1,618
)
Total capital
3,135,214

 
3,157,804

Total liabilities and capital
$
6,827,921

 
$
6,847,781


(1) 
Number of units outstanding represents total OP Units regardless of classification on the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The number of units classified as redeemable units on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are 92,777 and 90,844, respectively.

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


8



Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
Three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per unit data)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Operating revenues:
 
 
 
Rental revenues
$
245,665

 
$
234,941

Other property revenues
23,351

 
23,611

Total operating revenues
269,016

 
258,552

Property operating expenses:
 

 
 

Personnel
25,197

 
25,661

Building repairs and maintenance
6,099

 
6,625

Real estate taxes and insurance
35,172

 
33,321

Utilities
22,136

 
22,077

Landscaping
5,321

 
5,445

Other operating
6,956

 
7,520

Depreciation and amortization
75,127

 
73,112

Total property operating expenses
176,008

 
173,761

Acquisition expense
713

 
339

Property management expenses
9,004

 
8,492

General and administrative expenses
6,582

 
6,567

Income from continuing operations before non-operating items
76,709

 
69,393

Interest and other non-property income (expense)
32

 
(210
)
Interest expense
(32,211
)
 
(30,848
)
Gain (loss) on debt extinguishment
3

 
(3,376
)
Net casualty loss after insurance and other settlement proceeds
(947
)
 
(19
)
Gain on sale of depreciable real estate assets
755

 
30,228

Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets
1,627

 

Income before income tax expense
45,968

 
65,168

Income tax expense
(288
)
 
(510
)
Income from continuing operations before joint venture activity
45,680

 
64,658

Gain from real estate joint ventures
128

 
19

Net income available for Mid-America Apartments, L.P. common unitholders
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common unit - basic:
 

 
 

Net income available for common unitholders
$
0.61

 
$
0.81

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common unit - diluted:
 

 
 

Net income available for common unitholders
$
0.61

 
$
0.81

 
 
 
 
Distributions declared per common unit
$
0.82

 
$
0.77


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

9



Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Net income available for Mid-America Apartments, L.P. common unitholders
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
Unrealized loss from the effective portion of derivative instruments
(3,705
)
 
(4,347
)
Reclassification adjustment for net losses included in net income for the effective portion of derivative instruments
1,186

 
2,192

Comprehensive income attributable to Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
$
43,289

 
$
62,522

 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


10



Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Consolidated net income
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Retail revenue accretion
(91
)
 
(29
)
Depreciation and amortization
75,148

 
73,117

Stock compensation expense
1,885

 
1,289

Redeemable units issued
186

 
189

Amortization of debt premium and debt issuance costs
(2,656
)
 
(4,280
)
Gain from investments in real estate joint ventures
(128
)
 
(17
)
Loss on debt extinguishment

 
2,787

Derivative interest credit
(616
)
 
(473
)
Gain on sale of non-depreciable real estate assets
(1,627
)
 

Gain on sale of depreciable real estate assets
(755
)
 
(30,228
)
Net casualty loss and other settlement proceeds
947

 
19

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Restricted cash
4,442

 
7,391

Other assets
(1,666
)
 
2,441

Accounts payable
2,300

 
(431
)
Accrued expenses and other
(19,496
)
 
(14,058
)
Security deposits
404

 
465

Net cash provided by operating activities
104,085

 
102,859

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

Purchases of real estate and other assets
(61,930
)
 
(48,685
)
Normal capital improvements
(16,190
)
 
(16,499
)
Construction capital and other improvements
(984
)
 
(3,153
)
Renovations to existing real estate assets
(7,692
)
 
(5,150
)
Development
(13,020
)
 
(5,034
)
Distributions from real estate joint ventures
1,418

 
6

Proceeds from disposition of real estate assets
32,481

 
52,770

Funding of escrow for future acquisitions

 
(6,431
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(65,917
)
 
(32,176
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 

Net change in credit lines
55,000

 
3,885

Principal payments on notes payable
(35,494
)
 
(17,472
)
Payment of deferred financing costs
(139
)
 
(172
)
Repurchase of common units
(1,730
)
 
(937
)
Proceeds from issuances of common units
90

 
8

Distributions paid on common units
(65,270
)
 
(61,063
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(47,543
)
 
(75,751
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(9,375
)
 
(5,068
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
37,559

 
25,401

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
28,184

 
$
20,333

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 

 
 

Interest paid
$
25,114

 
$
27,017

Income taxes paid
$
19

 
$

Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Accrued construction in progress
$
12,307

 
$
8,392

Interest capitalized
$
380

 
$
474

Marked-to-market adjustment on derivative instruments
$
(1,903
)
 
$
(1,659
)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

11



Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. and Mid-America Apartments, L.P.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited)


1.           Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation and Significant Accounting Policies

Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to "we," "us," "our," or the "Company" refer collectively to Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc., together with its consolidated subsidiaries, including Mid-America Apartments, L.P. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to "MAA" refer only to Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. and not any of its consolidated subsidiaries. Unless the context otherwise requires, the references to the "Operating Partnership" or "MAALP" refer to Mid-America Apartments, L.P. together with its consolidated subsidiaries. "Common stock" refers to the common stock of MAA and "shareholders" means the holders of shares of MAA’s common stock. The limited partnership interests of the Operating Partnership are referred to as "OP Units" or "common units," and the holders of the OP Units are referred to as "unitholders".

As of March 31, 2016, MAA owned 75,505,025 units (or approximately 94.8%) of the limited partnership interests of the Operating Partnership. MAA conducts substantially all of its business and holds substantially all of its assets through the Operating Partnership, and by virtue of its ownership of the OP Units and being the Operating Partnership's sole general partner, MAA has the ability to control all of the day-to-day operations of the Operating Partnership.

We believe combining the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements of MAA and MAALP results in the following benefits:

enhances a readers' understanding of MAA and the Operating Partnership by enabling the reader to view the business as a whole in the same manner that management views and operates the business; and
eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined and readable presentation since a substantial portion of the disclosure applies to both MAA and the Operating Partnership.

Management operates MAA and the Operating Partnership as one business. The management of the Company is comprised of individuals who are officers of MAA and employees of the Operating Partnership. We believe it is important to understand the few differences between MAA and the Operating Partnership in the context of how MAA and the Operating Partnership operate as a consolidated company. MAA and the Operating Partnership are structured as an "umbrella partnership REIT," or UPREIT. MAA's interest in the Operating Partnership entitles MAA to share in cash distributions from, and in the profits and losses of, the Operating Partnership in proportion to MAA's percentage interest therein, and entitles MAA to vote on substantially all matters requiring a vote of the partners. MAA's only material asset is its ownership of limited partner interests in the Operating Partnership; therefore, MAA does not conduct business itself, other than acting as the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, issuing public equity from time to time, and guaranteeing certain debt of the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership holds, directly or indirectly, all of our real estate assets. Except for net proceeds from public equity issuances by MAA, which are contributed to the Operating Partnership in exchange for OP Units, the Operating Partnership generates the capital required by our business through the Operating Partnership's operations, direct or indirect incurrence of indebtedness, and issuance of OP units.

The presentation of MAA's shareholders' equity and the Operating Partnership's capital are the principal areas of difference between the condensed consolidated financial statements of MAA and those of the Operating Partnership. MAA's shareholders' equity may include shares of preferred stock, shares of common stock, additional paid-in capital, cumulative earnings, cumulative distributions, noncontrolling interest, preferred units, treasury shares, accumulated other comprehensive income and redeemable common units. The Operating Partnership's capital may include common capital and preferred capital of the general partner (MAA), limited partners' preferred capital, limited partners' noncontrolling interest, accumulated other comprehensive income and redeemable common units. Redeemable common units represent the number of outstanding OP Units as of the date of the applicable balance sheet, valued at the greater of the closing market price of MAA's common stock or the aggregate value of the individual partners' capital balances. Holders of OP Units (other than MAA and its corporate affiliates) may require us to redeem their OP Units from time to time, in which case we may, at our option, pay the redemption price either in cash (in an amount per OP Unit equal, in general, to the average closing price of MAA's common stock on the New York Stock Exchange over a specified period prior to the redemption date) or by delivering one share of our common stock (subject to adjustment under specified circumstances) for each OP Unit so redeemed.


12



As of March 31, 2016, we owned and operated 255 apartment communities comprising 79,896 apartments located in 15 states principally through the Operating Partnership.

As of March 31, 2016, we had four development communities under construction totaling 628 units. Total expected costs for the development projects are $96.7 million, of which $34.0 million has been incurred through March 31, 2016. We expect to complete construction on one project by the third quarter of 2016, two projects by the second quarter of 2017, and one project by the fourth quarter of 2017. Six of our multifamily properties include retail components with approximately 194,000 square feet of gross leasable area. We also have one partially owned commercial property with approximately 30,000 square feet of gross leasable area.

Reclassifications

In order to present comparative financial statements, certain reclassifications have been made to prior period numbers. As disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 2015, we early adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2015-03, Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a reduction of the related debt liability rather than an asset. As a result of this adoption and to improve comparability, we reclassified certain costs from "Amortization of deferred financing costs" to "Interest Expense." Thus, the $0.9 million of "Amortization of deferred financing costs" previously reported in our 2015 Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2015, have been reclassified to "Interest expense" for the three months ended March 31, 2015 in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations included in this Report. As a result of this income statement reclassification, $0.9 million of amortization of deferred financing costs for the three months ended March 31, 2015, initially reported in the "Depreciation and amortization" line of the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows in the 2015 Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2015, have been reclassified to "Amortization of debt premium and debt issuance costs," presented in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows included in this Report.

In the 2015 Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2015, approximately $34 million of net assets related to the Nord du Lac commercial property located in Covington, Louisiana, were initially classified as held for sale, including $2 million of Cash and cash equivalents. On May 29, 2015, after several amendments to the original sale agreement extending the closing date, the buyer elected not to purchase the property and consequently, the Nord du Lac Property no longer met the criteria to be classified as held for sale as of June 30, 2015. As a result, for the period ended March 31, 2015, these assets have been reclassified to Assets held for use within the applicable line items in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows included in this Report. We measured the property to be reclassified at the lower of (1) its carrying value before being classified as held for sale, adjusted for any depreciation and amortization expense that would have been recognized had the asset been continuously classified as held for use or (2) its fair value at the date of the subsequent decision not to sell. Additionally, the related results of operations previously recorded in discontinued operations have been included in the applicable line items of continuing operations in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for all periods presented in this Report. During the three months ended March 31, 2016, we entered into a new agreement with the buyer and completed the sale of this property. See further disclosure on this disposition in Note 13 (Real Estate Acquisitions and Dispositions) to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared by our management in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. The condensed consolidated financial statements of MAA presented herein include the accounts of MAA, the Operating Partnership, and all other subsidiaries in which MAA has a controlling financial interest. MAA owns approximately 95% to 100% of all consolidated subsidiaries. The condensed consolidated financial statements of MAALP presented herein include the accounts of MAALP and all other subsidiaries in which MAALP has a controlling financial interest. MAALP owns, directly or indirectly, 100% of all consolidated subsidiaries. In our opinion, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements have been included, and all such adjustments were of a normal recurring nature. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
We invest in entities which may qualify as variable interest entities, or VIEs. A VIE is a legal entity in which the equity investors lack sufficient equity at risk for the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support or, as a group, the holders of the equity investment at risk lack the power to direct the activities of a legal entity as well as the obligation to absorb its expected losses or the right to receive its expected residual returns. We consolidate all VIEs for which we are the primary beneficiary and use the equity method to account for investments that qualify as VIEs but for which we are

13



not the primary beneficiary. In determining whether we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE, we consider qualitative and quantitative factors, including but not limited to, those activities that most significantly impact the VIE's economic performance and which party controls such activities.

Effective January 1, 2016, the Company has adopted ASU 2015-02, Consolidation: Topic 810, which resulted in the Operating Partnership now being classified as a VIE, since the limited partners of both entities lack substantive kick-out rights and substantive participating rights. The adoption of the new standard did not result in the consolidation of entities not previously consolidated or the de-consolidation of any entities previously consolidated. The Company is the primary beneficiary of, and continues to consolidate, both entities, and there was no material effect on its financial position or results of operations as a result of this adoption. See Footnote 14, Recent Accounting Pronouncements, for further details on the adoption of this standard.

We use the equity method of accounting for our investments in entities for which we exercise significant influence, but do not have the ability to exercise control. These entities are not VIEs. The factors considered in determining that we do not have the ability to exercise control include ownership of voting interests and participatory rights of investors.


14



2.    Earnings per Common Share of MAA

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period.  All outstanding unvested restricted share awards contain rights to non-forfeitable dividends and participate in undistributed earnings with common shareholders and, accordingly, are considered participating securities that are included in the two-class method of computing basic earnings per share. Both the unvested restricted shares and other potentially dilutive common shares, and the related impact to earnings, are considered when calculating earnings per share on a diluted basis with our diluted earnings per share being the more dilutive of the treasury stock or two-class methods.  OP Units are included in dilutive earnings per share calculations when they are dilutive to earnings per share. For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, MAA's basic earnings per share was computed using the two-class method, and MAA's diluted earnings per share was computed using the more dilutive of the treasury stock method or two-class method, as presented below:
(dollars and shares in thousands, except per share amounts)
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Shares Outstanding
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares - basic
75,249

 
75,145

 
Weighted average partnership units outstanding

(1) 

(1) 
Effect of dilutive securities
240

 

(2) 
Weighted average common shares - diluted
75,489

 
75,145

 
 
 
 
 
 
Calculation of Earnings per Share - basic
 

 
 

 
Income from continuing operations
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

 
Income from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interests
(2,395
)
 
(3,410
)
 
Income from continuing operations allocated to unvested restricted shares
(103
)
 
(131
)
 
Income from continuing operations available for common shareholders, adjusted
$
43,310

 
$
61,136

 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares - basic
75,249

 
75,145

 
Earnings per share - basic
$
0.58

 
$
0.81

 
 
 
 
 
 
Calculation of Earnings per Share - diluted
 

 
 

 
Income from continuing operations
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

 
Income from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interests
(2,395
)
(1) 
(3,410
)
(1) 
Income from continuing operations allocated to unvested restricted shares

 
(131
)
(2) 
Income from continuing operations available for common shareholders, adjusted
$
43,413

 
$
61,136

 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares - diluted
75,489

 
75,145

 
Earnings per share - diluted
$
0.58

 
$
0.81

 

(1) For both the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, 4.2 million operating partnership units and their related income are not included in the diluted earnings per share calculations as they are not dilutive.

(2) For the three months ended March 31, 2015, 0.2 million potentially dilutive securities and their related income are not included in the diluted earnings per share calculations as they are not dilutive.












15



3.    Earnings per OP Unit of MAALP

Basic earnings per OP Unit is computed by dividing net income available for common unitholders by the weighted average number of units outstanding during the period. All outstanding unvested restricted unit awards contain rights to non-forfeitable distributions and participate in undistributed earnings with common unitholders and, accordingly, are considered participating securities that are included in the two-class method of computing basic earnings per OP unit. Diluted earnings per OP Unit reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue OP Units were exercised or converted into OP Units. A reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted earnings per unit computations for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 is presented below:

(dollars and units in thousands, except per unit amounts)
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
Units Outstanding
 
 
 
 
Weighted average OP Units - basic
75,249

 
79,336

 
Effect of dilutive securities
240

 

(1) 
Weighted average OP Units - diluted
75,489

 
79,336

 
 
 
 
 
 
Calculation of Earnings per Unit - basic
 

 
 

 
Income from continuing operations
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

 
Income from continuing operations allocated to unvested restricted common units
(110
)
 
(131
)
 
Income from continuing operations available for common unitholders, adjusted
$
45,698

 
$
64,546

 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average OP Units - basic
75,249

 
79,336

 
Earnings per unit - basic
$
0.61

 
$
0.81

 
 
 
 
 
 
Calculation of Earnings per Unit - diluted
 

 
 

 
Income from continuing operations
$
45,808

 
$
64,677

 
Income from continuing operations allocated to unvested restricted common units

 
(131
)
(1) 
Income from continuing operations available for common unitholders, adjusted
$
45,808

 
$
64,546

 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average OP Units - diluted
75,489

 
79,336

 
Earnings per unit - diluted
$
0.61

 
$
0.81

 

(1) For three months ended March 31, 2015, 0.2 million potentially dilutive securities and their related income are not included in the diluted earnings per share calculations as they are not dilutive.

16



4.    MAA Equity

Total equity and its components for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were as follows (dollars in thousands, except per share and per unit data):

  
Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common
Stock
Amount
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Distributions
in Excess of
Net Income
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
EQUITY BALANCE DECEMBER 31, 2015
$
753

 
$
3,627,074

 
$
(634,141
)
 
$
(1,589
)
 
$
165,726

 
$
3,157,823

Net income

 

 
43,413

 

 
2,395

 
45,808

Other comprehensive loss - derivative instruments (cash flow hedges)

 

 

 
(2,387
)
 
(132
)
 
(2,519
)
Issuance and registration of common shares
1

 
89

 

 

 

 
90

Shares repurchased and retired

 
(1,730
)
 

 

 

 
(1,730
)
Shares issued in exchange for units

 
33

 

 

 
(33
)
 

Shares issued in exchange from redeemable stock

 
123

 

 

 

 
123

Redeemable stock fair market value adjustment

 

 
(1,100
)
 

 

 
(1,100
)
Adjustment for noncontrolling interest ownership in operating partnership

 
40

 

 

 
(40
)
 

Amortization of unearned compensation

 
2,078

 

 

 

 
2,078

Dividends on common stock ($0.82 per share)

 

 
(61,928
)
 

 

 
(61,928
)
Dividends on noncontrolling interest units ($0.82 per unit)

 

 

 

 
(3,412
)
 
(3,412
)
EQUITY BALANCE MARCH 31, 2016
$
754

 
$
3,627,707

 
$
(653,756
)
 
$
(3,976
)
 
$
164,504

 
$
3,135,233


  
Mid-America Apartment Communities, Inc. Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common
Stock
Amount
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Accumulated
Distributions
in Excess of
Net Income
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
EQUITY BALANCE DECEMBER 31, 2014
$
752

 
$
3,619,270

 
$
(729,086
)
 
$
(412
)
 
$
161,287

 
$
3,051,811

Net income

 

 
61,267

 

 
3,410

 
64,677

Other comprehensive income - derivative instruments (cash flow hedges)

 

 

 
(2,041
)
 
(114
)
 
(2,155
)
Issuance and registration of common shares
1

 
7

 

 

 

 
8

Shares repurchased and retired

 
(937
)
 

 

 

 
(937
)
Shares issued in exchange for units

 
46

 

 

 
(46
)
 

Redeemable stock fair market value adjustment

 

 
(209
)
 

 

 
(209
)
Adjustment for noncontrolling interest ownership in operating partnership

 
128

 

 

 
(128
)
 

Amortization of unearned compensation

 
1,462

 

 

 

 
1,462

Dividends on common stock ($0.77 per share)

 

 
(58,034
)
 

 

 
(58,034
)
Dividends on noncontrolling interest units ($0.77 per unit)

 

 

 

 
(3,226
)
 
(3,226
)
EQUITY BALANCE MARCH 31, 2015
$
753

 
$
3,619,976

 
$
(726,062
)
 
$
(2,453
)
 
$
161,183

 
$
3,053,397



17



5.    MAALP Capital

Total capital and its components for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were as follows (dollars in thousands, except per unit data):

  
Mid-America Apartments, L.P. Unitholders
 
 
 
Limited Partner
 
General Partner
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total Partnership Capital
CAPITAL BALANCE DECEMBER 31, 2015
$
165,726

 
$
2,993,696

 
$
(1,618
)
 
$
3,157,804

Net income
2,395

 
43,413

 

 
45,808

Other comprehensive loss - derivative instruments (cash flow hedges)

 

 
(2,519
)
 
(2,519
)
Issuance of units

 
90

 

 
90

Units repurchased and retired

 
(1,730
)
 

 
(1,730
)
General partner units issued in exchange for limited partner units
(33
)
 
33

 

 

Units issued in exchange for redeemable units

 
123

 

 
123

Redeemable units fair market value adjustment

 
(1,100
)
 

 
(1,100
)
Adjustment for limited partners' capital at redemption value
(172
)
 
172

 

 

Amortization of unearned compensation

 
2,078

 

 
2,078

Distributions ($0.82 per unit)
(3,412
)
 
(61,928
)
 

 
(65,340
)
CAPITAL BALANCE MARCH 31, 2016
$
164,504

 
$
2,974,847

 
$
(4,137
)
 
$
3,135,214


  
Mid-America Apartments, L.P. Unitholders
 
 
 
Limited Partner
 
General Partner
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total Partnership Capital
CAPITAL BALANCE DECEMBER 31, 2014
$
161,310

 
$
2,890,858

 
$
(376
)
 
$
3,051,792

Net income
3,410

 
61,267

 

 
64,677

Other comprehensive income - derivative instruments (cash flow hedges)

 

 
(2,155
)
 
(2,155
)
Issuance of units

 
8

 

 
8

Units repurchased and retired

 
(937
)
 

 
(937
)
General partner units issued in exchange for limited partner units
(46
)
 
46

 

 

Redeemable units fair market value adjustment

 
(209
)
 

 
(209
)
Adjustment for limited partners' capital at redemption value
(128
)
 
128

 

 

Amortization of unearned compensation

 
1,462

 

 
1,462

Distributions ($0.77 per unit)
(3,226
)
 
(58,034
)
 

 
(61,260
)
CAPITAL BALANCE MARCH 31, 2015
$
161,320

 
$
2,894,589

 
$
(2,531
)
 
$
3,053,378


6.           Borrowings

The weighted average interest rate at March 31, 2016 for the $3.44 billion of debt outstanding was 3.7%, compared to the weighted average interest rate of 3.7% on $3.43 billion of debt outstanding at December 31, 2015. Our debt consists of an unsecured credit facility, unsecured term loans, senior unsecured notes, a secured credit facility with Fannie Mae, and secured property mortgages. We utilize fixed rate borrowings, interest rate swaps, and interest rate caps to manage our current and future interest rate risk. More details on our borrowings can be found in the schedules presented later in this section.

At March 31, 2016, we had $2.1 billion of senior unsecured notes and term loans fixed at an average interest rate of 3.9% and a $750 million variable rate credit facility with an average interest rate of 1.4% with $130.0 million borrowed at March 31, 2016. Additionally, we had $115.0 million (after considering the impact of interest rate swap and cap agreements in effect) of conventional, secured variable rate debt outstanding at an average interest rate of 1.1% and $75.0 million of capped conventional, secured variable rate debt at an average interest rate of 1.1%. The interest rate on all other secured debt, totaling $1.0 billion, was hedged or fixed at an average interest rate of 4.0%.



18



Unsecured Credit Facility

We maintain a $750.0 million unsecured credit facility with fifteen banks led by KeyBank National Association, or the KeyBank Facility. The KeyBank Facility includes an expansion option up to $1.5 billion. The KeyBank Facility bears an interest rate of LIBOR plus a spread of 0.85% to 1.55% based on an investment grade pricing grid and is currently bearing interest at an all-in rate of 1.43%. This credit line expires in April 2020 with an option to extend for an additional six months. At March 31, 2016, we had $130.0 million actually borrowed under this facility, and another approximately $2.8 million used to support letters of credit.

Unsecured Term Loans

We also maintain three term loans with a syndicate of banks, led by KeyBank, Wells Fargo, and US Bank, respectively. The KeyBank term loan has a balance of $150 million, matures in 2021, and has a variable interest rate of LIBOR plus a spread of 0.90% to 1.75% based on our credit ratings. The Wells Fargo term loan has a balance of $250 million and matures in 2018. The US Bank term loan has a balance of $150 million and matures in 2020. Both the Wells Fargo and US Bank term loans have variable interest rates of LIBOR plus a spread of 0.90% to 1.90% based on our credit ratings.

Senior Unsecured Notes

As of March 31, 2016, we have approximately $1.2 billion of publicly issued notes and $310.0 million of private placement notes. These senior unsecured notes have maturities ranging from five to 12 years, averaging 7.5 years remaining until maturity as of March 31, 2016.

Secured Credit Facility

We maintain a $240.0 million secured credit facility with Prudential Mortgage Capital, which is credit enhanced by Fannie Mae, or the Fannie Mae Facility. The Fannie Mae Facility provides for both fixed and variable rate borrowings and has Fannie Mae rate tranches with maturities from 2016 through 2018. The interest rate on the majority of the variable portion renews every 90 days and is based on the Fannie Mae discount mortgage backed security rate on the date of renewal, which, for the Company, has historically approximated three-month LIBOR less an average of 0.17% over the life of the Fannie Mae Facility, plus a fee of 0.62%. Borrowings under the Fannie Mae Facility totaled $240.0 million at March 31, 2016, consisting of $50.0 million under a fixed portion at a rate of 4.7%, and the remaining $190.0 million under the variable rate portion of the facility at an average rate of 1.1%. The available borrowing capacity at March 31, 2016, was $240.0 million.

Secured Property Mortgages

At March 31, 2016, we had $1.0 billion of fixed rate conventional property mortgages with an average interest rate of 4.0% and an average maturity in 2019.

On February 1, 2016, we paid off a $13.4 million mortgage associated with the Colonial Village at Matthews apartment community. The loan was scheduled for maturity in March 2016.

On March 1, 2016, we paid off a $20.2 million mortgage associated with the Verandas at Southwood apartment community. The payoff was a scheduled maturity of the loan.

In addition to these payoffs, we have paid $1.9 million associated with property mortgage principal amortizations.

Guarantees

MAA fully and unconditionally guarantees the following debt incurred by the Operating Partnership:

$240.0 million of the Fannie Mae Facility, of which $240.0 million has been borrowed as of March 31, 2016; and
$310.0 million of senior unsecured notes, all of which has been borrowed as of March 31, 2016.







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Total Outstanding Debt

The following table summarizes the Company's indebtedness at March 31, 2016, (dollars in thousands):

 
Borrowed
Balance
 
Effective
Rate
 
Average Contract
Maturity
Fixed Rate Secured Debt
 
 
 
 
 
Individual property mortgages
$
977,232

 
4.0
%
 
8/22/2019
Fannie Mae conventional credit facility
50,000

 
4.7
%
 
3/31/2017
Total fixed rate secured debt
$
1,027,232

 
4.0
%
 
7/11/2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
Variable Rate Secured Debt (1)
 

 
 

 
 
Fannie Mae conventional credit facility
190,000

 
1.1
%
 
8/26/2017
Total variable rate secured debt
$
190,000

 
1.1
%
 
8/26/2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair market value adjustments and debt issuance costs
30,517

 
 
 

Total Secured Debt
$
1,247,749

 
3.6
%
 
3/26/2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unsecured Debt
 

 
 

 
 
Variable rate credit facility
$
130,000

 
1.4
%
 
4/15/2020
Term loan fixed with swaps
550,000

 
3.1
%
 
11/10/2017
Fixed rate bonds
1,535,246

 
4.2
%
 
9/16/2023
Fair market value adjustments, debt issuance costs and discounts
(19,032
)
 
 
 

Total Unsecured Debt
$
2,196,214

 
3.7
%
 
1/10/2022
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Outstanding Debt
$
3,443,963

 
3.7
%
 
1/5/2021

(1) Includes capped balances.

7.           Derivatives and Hedging Activities

Risk Management Objective of Using Derivatives

We are exposed to certain risks arising from both our business operations and economic conditions. We principally manage our exposures to a wide variety of business and operational risks through management of our core business activities. We manage economic risks, including interest rate, liquidity and credit risk, primarily by managing the amount, sources and duration of our debt funding and the use of derivative financial instruments. Specifically, we enter into derivative financial instruments to manage exposures that arise from business activities that result in the payment of future contractual and forecasted cash amounts, principally related to our borrowings, the value of which are determined by changing interest rates, related cash flows and other factors.

Cash Flow Hedges of Interest Rate Risk

Our objectives in using interest rate derivatives are to add stability to interest expense and to manage our exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish these objectives, we use interest rate swaps and interest rate caps as part of our interest rate risk management strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable amounts from a counterparty in exchange for us making fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreements without exchange of the underlying notional amount. Interest rate caps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable amounts from a counterparty if interest rates rise above the strike rate on the contract in exchange for an up-front premium.

The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income and is subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. During the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, such derivatives were used

20



to hedge the variable cash flows associated with existing variable-rate debt and forecasted issuances of fixed-rate debt.  The ineffective portion of the change in fair value of the derivatives is recognized directly in earnings.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, we recorded ineffectiveness of $43,000 (increase to interest expense) and $60,000 (increase to interest expense), respectively, mainly attributable to a mismatch in the underlying indices of the derivatives and the hedged interest payments made on our variable-rate debt and due to the designation of acquired interest rate swaps with a non-zero fair value at inception.

Amounts reported in "Accumulated other comprehensive income" related to derivatives designated as qualifying cash flow hedges will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made on our variable-rate or fixed-rate debt. During the next twelve months, we estimate that an additional $3.6 million will be reclassified to earnings as an increase to Interest expense, which primarily represents the difference between our fixed interest rate swap payments and the projected variable interest rate swap payments.

As of March 31, 2016, we had the following outstanding interest rate derivatives that were designated as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk:
Interest Rate Derivative
 
Number of Instruments
 
Notional Amount
Interest Rate Caps
 
3
 
$
75,000,000

  Interest Rate Swaps
 
7
 
$
550,000,000


Tabular Disclosure of the Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Statements of Operations

The table below presents the effect of our derivative financial instruments on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.

Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the
Three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 (dollars in thousands)

Derivatives in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships
 
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in 
OCI on Derivative 
(Effective Portion)
 
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated 
OCI into Interest Expense 
(Effective Portion)
 
Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Interest Expense (Ineffective
Portion and Amount
Excluded from
Effectiveness Testing)
Three months ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
 
$
(3,705
)
 
$
(4,347
)
 
$
(1,186
)
 
$
(2,192
)
 
$
(43
)
 
$
(60
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$

 
$
(3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Credit-Risk-Related Contingent Features

As of March 31, 2016, derivatives that were in a net liability position and subject to credit-risk-related contingent features had a termination value of $13.0 million, which includes accrued interest but excludes any adjustment for nonperformance risk. These derivatives had a fair value, gross of asset positions, of $12.3 million at March 31, 2016.

Certain of our derivative contracts contain a provision where we could be declared in default on our derivative obligations if repayment of the underlying indebtedness is accelerated by the lender due to our default on the indebtedness. As of March 31, 2016, we had not breached the provisions of these agreements. If we had breached these provisions, we could have been required to settle our obligations under the agreements at the termination value of $13.0 million.


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Although our derivative contracts are subject to master netting arrangements, which serve as credit mitigants to both us and our counterparties under certain situations, we do not net our derivative fair values or any existing rights or obligations to cash collateral on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

We did not have any asset or liability derivative balances that were offsetting that would have resulted in reported net derivative balances differing from the recorded gross amount of derivative assets of $2,000 and $6,000 as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, in addition to gross recorded derivative liabilities of $12.3 million and $10.4 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

Other Comprehensive Income

MAA's other comprehensive income consists entirely of gains and losses attributable to the effective portion of our cash flow hedges. The chart below shows the change in the balance for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 (dollars in thousands):

Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income by Component
 
Affected Line Item in the Consolidated Statements Of Operations
 
 
 
 
 
Gains and Losses on Cash Flow Hedges
For the three months ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Beginning balance
 
 
 
$
(1,589
)
 
$
(412
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
 
 
(3,705
)
 
(4,347
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (interest rate contracts)
 
Interest expense
 
1,186

 
2,192

Net current-period other comprehensive loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
 
 
132

 
114

Net current-period other comprehensive (loss) income attributable to MAA
 
 
 
(2,387
)
 
(2,041
)
Ending balance
 
 
 
$
(3,976
)
 
$
(2,453
)

See also discussions in Note 8 (Fair Value Disclosure of Financial Instruments) to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

8.           Fair Value Disclosure of Financial Instruments

Fair value is based on the price that would be received to sell an asset or the exit price that would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A three-level valuation hierarchy prioritizes observable and unobservable inputs used to measure fair value. The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which are described below:

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity has the ability to access.
Level 2 - Observable inputs other than prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated with observable market data.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.

In instances where the determination of the fair value measurement is based on inputs from different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the entire fair value measurement falls is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.

Financial Instruments Not Carried at Fair Value
At March 31, 2016, the fair values of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities and security deposits approximated their carrying value due to their short term nature.


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Fixed rate notes payable at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, totaled $2.57 billion and $2.61 billion, respectively, and had estimated fair values of $2.72 billion and $2.71 billion (excluding prepayment penalties), respectively, as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015. The carrying value of variable rate notes payable (excluding the effect of interest rate swap and cap agreements) at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, totaled $0.87 billion and $0.82 billion, respectively, and had estimated fair values of $0.84 billion and $0.82 billion (excluding prepayment penalties), respectively, as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015. The valuation of our debt is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each debt instrument. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the debt, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves and credit spreads. The fair values of fixed debt are determined by using the present value of future cash outflows discounted with the applicable current market rate plus a credit spread. The fair values of variable debt are determined using the stated variable rate plus the current market credit spread. Our variable rates reset every 30 to 90 days and we conclude that these rates reasonably estimate current market rates. We have determined that inputs used to value our debt fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and therefore our fair market valuation of debt is considered Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

Financial Instruments Carried at Fair Value

Currently, we use interest rate swaps and interest rate caps (options) to manage our interest rate risk.  The valuation of these instruments is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves and implied volatilities. The fair values of interest rate swaps are determined using the market standard methodology of netting the discounted future fixed cash receipts (or payments) and the discounted expected variable cash payments (or receipts). The variable cash payments (or receipts) are based on an expectation of future interest rates (forward curves) derived from observable market interest rate curves.

The fair values of interest rate options are determined using the market standard methodology of discounting the future expected cash receipts that would occur if variable interest rates rise above the strike rate of the caps. The variable interest rates used in the calculation of projected receipts on the cap are based on an expectation of future interest rates derived from observable market interest rate curves and volatilities.

We incorporate credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both our own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. In adjusting the fair value of our derivative contracts for the effect of nonperformance risk, we have considered the impact of netting and any applicable credit enhancements, such as collateral postings, thresholds, mutual puts and guarantees. In conjunction with the FASB's fair value measurement guidance, we made an accounting policy election to measure the credit risk of our derivative financial instruments that are subject to master netting agreements on a net basis by counterparty portfolio.

We have determined that the majority of the inputs used to value our derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, and as a result, all of our derivatives held as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

The table below presents a summary of the fair value measurements for each major category of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the location within the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, aggregated by the level in the fair value hierarchy within which those measurements fall.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis at March 31, 2016
(dollars in thousands)
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships
Balance Sheet Location
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
and Liabilities
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs 
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs 
 
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
Total
Assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate contracts
Other assets
$

 
$
2

 
$

 
$
2

Liabilities
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate contracts
Fair market value of interest rate swaps
$

 
$
12,257

 
$

 
$
12,257



23




Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis at December 31, 2015
(dollars in thousands)
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships
Balance Sheet Location
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
and Liabilities
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs 
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs 
 
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
Total
Assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate contracts
Other assets
$

 
$
6

 
$

 
$
6

Liabilities
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate contracts
Fair market value of interest rate swaps
$

 
$
10,358

 
$

 
$
10,358


The fair value estimates presented herein are based on information available to management as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.  These estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts we could ultimately realize.  See also discussions in Note 7 (Derivatives and Hedging Activities) to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

9.           Shareholders' Equity of MAA

On March 31, 2016, 75,505,025 shares of MAA's common stock and 4,162,163 OP Units were issued and outstanding, representing a total of 79,667,188 shares and units. At March 31, 2015, 75,345,023 shares of MAA's common stock and 4,189,966 OP Units were outstanding, representing a total of 79,534,989 shares and units. There were 58,112 outstanding options to purchase shares of MAA's common stock as of March 31, 2016 compared to 74,454 outstanding options as of March 31, 2015.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, 18,887 shares of MAA's common stock were acquired from employees to satisfy minimum tax withholding obligations that arose upon vesting of restricted stock granted pursuant to approved plans. During the three months ended March 31, 2015, 11,646 shares were acquired for that purpose.

During the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, there were no stock options exercised.

10.    Partners' Capital of MAALP

OP Units

Interests in the Operating Partnership are represented by Operating Partnership Units, or OP Units. As of March 31, 2016, there were 79,667,188 OP Units outstanding, 75,505,025 or 94.8% of which were owned by MAA, MAALP's general partner. The remaining 4,162,163 OP Units were owned by non-affiliated limited partners, or Class A Limited Partners. As of March 31, 2015, there were 79,534,989 OP Units outstanding, 75,345,023 or 94.7% of which were owned by MAA and 4,189,966 of which were owned by the Class A Limited Partners.

MAA, as the sole general partner of MAALP, has full, complete and exclusive discretion to manage and control the business of the Operating Partnership subject to the restrictions specifically contained within the Operating Partnership's agreement of limited partnership, or the Partnership Agreement. Unless otherwise stated in the Partnership Agreement, this power includes, but is not limited to, acquiring, leasing, or disposing of any real property; constructing buildings and making other improvements to properties owned; borrowing money, modifying or extinguishing current borrowings, issuing evidence of indebtedness, and securing such indebtedness by mortgage, deed of trust, pledge or other lien on the Operating Partnership's assets; and distribution of cash or other assets in accordance with the Partnership Agreement. MAA can generally, at its sole discretion, issue and redeem OP Units and determine the consideration to be received or the redemption price to be paid, as applicable. The general partner may delegate these and other powers granted if MAA remains in supervision of the designee.

Under the Partnership Agreement, the Operating Partnership may issue Class A Units and Class B Units. Class A Units may only be held by limited partners who are not affiliated with MAA, in its capacity as general partner of the Operating Partnership, while Class B Units may only be held by MAA, in its capacity as general partner of the Operating Partnership, and as of March 31, 2016, a total of 4,162,163 Class A Units in the Operating Partnership were held by limited partners unaffiliated with MAA, while a total of 75,505,025 Class B OP Units were held by MAA. In general, the limited partners do not have the

24



power to participate in the management or control of the Operating Partnership's business except in limited circumstances including changes in the general partner and protective rights if the general partner acts outside of the provisions provided in the Partnership Agreement. The transferability of Class A Units is also limited by the Partnership Agreement.

Net income is allocated to the general partner and limited partners based on their respective ownership percentages of the Operating Partnership. Issuance or redemption of additional Class A Units or Class B Units changes the relative ownership percentage of the partners. The issuance of Class B Units generally occurs when MAA issues common stock and the proceeds from that issuance are contributed to the Operating Partnership in exchange for the issuance to MAA of a number of OP Units equal to the number of shares of common stock issued. Likewise, if MAA repurchases or redeems outstanding shares of common stock, the Operating Partnership generally redeems an equal number of Class B Units with similar terms held by MAA for a redemption price equal to the purchase price of those shares of common stock. At each reporting period, the allocation between general partner capital and limited partner capital is adjusted to account for the change in the respective percentage ownership of the underlying capital of the Operating Partnership. Holders of the Class A Units may require MAA to redeem their Class A Units, in which case MAA may, at its option, pay the redemption price either in cash (in an amount per Class A OP Unit equal, in general, to the average closing price of MAA's common stock on the New York Stock Exchange over a specified period prior to the redemption date) or by delivering one share of MAA common stock (subject to adjustment under specified circumstances) for each Class A Unit so redeemed.

At March 31, 2016, a total of 4,162,163 Class A Units were outstanding and redeemable for 4,162,163 shares of MAA common stock, with an approximate value of $425.4 million, based on the closing price of MAA’s common stock on March 31, 2016 of $102.21 per share. At March 31, 2015, a total of 4,189,966 Class A Units were outstanding and redeemable for 4,189,966 shares of MAA common stock, with an approximate value of $323.8 million, based on the closing price of MAA’s common stock on March 31, 2015 of $77.27 per share.

The Operating Partnership pays the same per unit distribution in respect to the OP Units as the per share dividend MAA pays in respect to its common and preferred stock.

11.     Legal Proceedings

We, along with multiple other parties, are named defendants in lawsuits arising out of alleged construction deficiencies with respect to condominium units at Regatta at James Island in Charleston, South Carolina. The Regatta at James Island property was developed by certain of our subsidiaries prior to MAA's merger with Colonial and constructed by Colonial Construction Services, LLC. The condominiums were constructed in 2006 and all 212 units were sold. The lawsuits, one filed on behalf of the condominium homeowners association and one filed by three of the unit owners (purportedly on behalf of all unit owners), were filed in South Carolina state court (Charleston County) in August 2012, against various parties involved in the development and construction of the Regatta at James Island property, including the contractors, subcontractors, architect, developer, and product manufacturers. During the the three months ended March 31, 2016, we reached a settlement agreement in principle with the plaintiffs. Subsequent to quarter end, the court approved the settlement, and a settlement agreement among all remaining parties to the litigation was executed, effectively concluding the cases. We have included the amount of this settlement agreement in our loss contingency.

In addition, we are subject to various other legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business operations. Matters which arise out of allegations of bodily injury, property damage, and employment practices are generally covered by insurance. While the resolution of these other matters cannot be predicted with certainty, management currently believes the final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Loss Contingencies

The outcomes of the claims, disputes and legal proceedings described or referenced above are subject to significant uncertainty. We record an accrual for loss contingencies when a loss is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. We review these accruals quarterly and make revisions based on changes in facts and circumstances. When a loss contingency is not both probable and reasonably estimable, we do not accrue the loss. However, for material loss contingencies, if the unrecorded loss (or an additional loss in excess of the accrual) is at least a reasonable possibility and material, then we disclose a reasonable estimate of the possible loss, or range of loss, if such reasonable estimate can be made. If we cannot make a reasonable estimate of the possible loss, or range of loss, then that is disclosed.

The assessment of whether a loss is probable or a reasonable possibility, and whether the loss or range of loss is reasonably estimable, often involves a series of complex judgments about future events. Among the factors that we consider in this

25



assessment, including with respect to the matters disclosed in this Note, are the nature of existing legal proceedings and claims, the asserted or possible damages or loss contingency (if reasonably estimable), the progress of the matter, existing law and precedent, the opinions or views of legal counsel and other advisers, our experience in similar matters, the facts available to us at the time of assessment, and how we intend to respond, or have responded, to the proceeding or claim. Our assessment of these factors may change over time as individual proceedings or claims progress. For matters where we are not currently able to reasonably estimate a range of reasonably possible loss, the factors that have contributed to this determination include the following: (i) the damages sought are indeterminate; (ii) the proceedings are in the early stages; (iii) the matters involve novel or unsettled legal theories or a large or uncertain number of actual or potential cases or parties; and/or (iv) discussions with the parties in matters that are expected ultimately to be resolved through negotiation and settlement have not reached the point where we believe a reasonable estimate of loss, or range of loss, can be made. In such instances, we believe that there is considerable uncertainty regarding the timing or ultimate resolution of such matters, including a possible eventual loss or business impact, if any.

As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, our accrual for loss contingencies was $14.0 million and $13.5 million in the aggregate, respectively.

12.           Segment Information

As of March 31, 2016, we owned 255 multifamily apartment communities in 15 different states from which we derived all significant sources of earnings and operating cash flows. Senior management evaluates performance and determines resource allocations of each of our apartment communities on a Large Market Same Store, Secondary Market Same Store, and Non-Same Store and Other basis, as well as an individual apartment community basis. This is consistent with the aggregation criteria under GAAP as each of our apartment communities generally has similar economic characteristics, facilities, services, and tenants. The following are the three reportable operating segments for MAA and the Operating Partnership:

Large market same store communities are generally communities in markets with a population of at least 1 million and at least 1% of the total public multifamily REIT units that we have owned and have been stabilized for at least a full 12 months.
Secondary market same store communities are generally communities in markets with populations of more than 1 million but less than 1% of the total public multifamily REIT units or markets with populations of less than 1 million that we have owned and have been stabilized for at least a full 12 months.
Non same store communities and other includes recent acquisitions, communities in development or lease-up, communities that have been identified for disposition, and communities that have undergone a significant casualty loss. Also included in non same store communities are non-multifamily activities, which represent less than 1% of our portfolio.

On the first day of each calendar year, we determine the composition of our same store operating segments for that year as well as adjust the previous year, which allows us to evaluate full period-over-period operating comparisons.  Properties in development or lease-up will be added to the same store portfolio on the first day of the calendar year after they have been owned and stabilized for at least a full 12 months. Communities are considered stabilized after achieving 90% occupancy for 90 days. Communities that have been identified for disposition are excluded from our same store portfolio.

We utilize net operating income, or NOI, in evaluating the performance of the segments.  Total NOI represents total property revenues less total property operating expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization, for all properties held during the period regardless of their status as held for sale. We believe NOI is a helpful tool in evaluating the operating performance of our segments because it measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses and other items not related to property operating performance.

A redevelopment community is a community with a specific plan in place to upgrade at least half of the community's units over a period of time with new finishes, fixtures, and appliances, among other upgrades.  These plans include spending a pre-defined amount of capital per unit to achieve a rent increase as a result of the upgrades.  We separately identify redevelopment communities that would cause a material distortion of normal same store operating results. Routine renovations occur at a property as items need to be replaced as a normal part of operations and is done with an expectation to maintain the current level of quality at the property. There is no specified plan in place for routine renovations.





26



Revenues and NOI for each reportable segment for the three month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
 
 
 
Large Market Same Store