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EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - FIVE STAR SENIOR LIVING INC.fve-20160331ex321872df2.htm
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EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - FIVE STAR SENIOR LIVING INC.fve-20160331ex311922161.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON,  DC 20549 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number 001-16817

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Maryland

04-3516029

(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

400 Centre Street, Newton, Massachusetts 02458

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

 

 

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code): 617-796-8387

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):

 

 

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes  No

 

Number of registrant’s shares of common stock, $.01 par value, outstanding as of May 3, 2016: 49,472,011.  

 

 


 

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

 

FORM 10-Q

 

MARCH 31, 2016

 

 

INDEX

 

 

 

 

PART I 

Financial Information

Page

 

 

 

Item 1. 

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

1

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets – March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015

1

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations – Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015

2

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss – Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015

4

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

5

 

 

 

Item 2. 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

15

 

 

 

Item 3. 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

23

 

 

 

Item 4. 

Controls and Procedures

23

 

 

 

 

Warning Concerning Forward Looking Statements

24

 

 

 

PART II 

Other Information

 

 

 

 

Item 1. 

Legal Proceedings

28

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

28

 

 

 

Item 6. 

Exhibits

28

 

 

 

 

Signatures

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the Company, Five Star, we, us or our include Five Star Quality Care, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries unless otherwise expressly stated or the context indicates otherwise.

 

 

 


 

PART I.   Financial Information

Item 1.  Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

    

2016

    

2015

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

12,333

 

$

14,672

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $3,479 and $3,592 at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

37,398

 

 

37,829

 

Due from related persons

 

 

13,072

 

 

9,731

 

Investments in available for sale securities, of which $10,215 and $11,471 are restricted as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

25,486

 

 

26,417

 

Restricted cash

 

 

3,705

 

 

3,301

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

19,445

 

 

19,138

 

Assets of discontinued operations

 

 

586

 

 

981

 

Total current assets

 

 

112,025

 

 

112,069

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

383,943

 

 

383,858

 

Equity investment of an investee

 

 

6,956

 

 

6,827

 

Restricted cash

 

 

2,556

 

 

2,821

 

Restricted investments in available for sale securities

 

 

23,794

 

 

23,166

 

Other long term assets

 

 

1,450

 

 

3,029

 

 

 

$

530,724

 

$

531,770

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revolving credit facility

 

$

60,000

 

$

50,000

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

82,398

 

 

93,205

 

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

 

42,998

 

 

32,127

 

Due to related persons

 

 

17,468

 

 

17,870

 

Mortgage notes payable

 

 

1,831

 

 

1,807

 

Accrued real estate taxes

 

 

10,027

 

 

12,207

 

Security deposits and current portion of continuing care contracts

 

 

5,834

 

 

6,129

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

21,605

 

 

30,399

 

Liabilities of discontinued operations

 

 

180

 

 

176

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

242,341

 

 

243,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long term liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage notes payable

 

 

59,929

 

 

60,396

 

Continuing care contracts

 

 

1,189

 

 

1,267

 

Accrued self insurance obligations

 

 

40,349

 

 

37,588

 

Other long term liabilities

 

 

3,783

 

 

4,147

 

Total long term liabilities

 

 

105,250

 

 

103,398

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, par value $.01: 75,000,000 shares authorized, 49,472,011 and 49,476,611 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

 

 

494

 

 

494

 

Additional paid in capital

 

 

358,883

 

 

358,665

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(180,245)

 

 

(177,622)

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

4,001

 

 

2,915

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

183,133

 

 

184,452

 

 

 

$

530,724

 

$

531,770

 

See accompanying notes.

1


 

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2016

    

2015

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senior living revenue

 

$

280,090

 

$

275,173

 

Management fee revenue

 

 

2,804

 

 

2,523

 

Reimbursed costs incurred on behalf of managed communities

 

 

61,318

 

 

56,277

 

Total revenues

 

 

344,212

 

 

333,973

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Senior living wages and benefits

 

 

135,804

 

 

133,253

 

Other senior living operating expenses

 

 

69,741

 

 

72,225

 

Costs incurred on behalf of managed communities

 

 

61,318

 

 

56,277

 

Rent expense

 

 

50,095

 

 

49,628

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

18,103

 

 

17,982

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

9,599

 

 

8,095

 

Long lived asset impairment

 

 

306

 

 

 —

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

344,966

 

 

337,460

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating loss

 

 

(754)

 

 

(3,487)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest, dividend and other income

 

 

265

 

 

220

 

Interest and other expense

 

 

(1,501)

 

 

(1,354)

 

(Loss) gain on sale of available for sale securities reclassified from other comprehensive income

 

 

(109)

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in earnings of an investee

 

 

(2,099)

 

 

(4,601)

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

(289)

 

 

(304)

 

Equity in earnings of an investee

 

 

77

 

 

72

 

Loss from continuing operations

 

 

(2,311)

 

 

(4,833)

 

Loss from discontinued operations

 

 

(312)

 

 

(469)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(2,623)

 

$

(5,302)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding—basic and diluted

 

 

48,792

 

 

48,364

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted loss per share from:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continuing operations

 

$

(0.05)

 

$

(0.10)

 

Discontinued operations

 

 

(0.01)

 

 

(0.01)

 

Net loss per share—basic and diluted

 

$

(0.06)

 

$

(0.11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 

2


 

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

    

2016

    

2015

Net loss

 

$

(2,623)

 

$

(5,302)

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain on investments in available for sale securities, net of tax

 

 

925

 

 

450

Equity in unrealized gain of an investee, net of tax

 

 

52

 

 

45

Realized loss (gain) on investments in available for sale securities reclassified and included in net loss, net of tax

 

 

109

 

 

(20)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

1,086

 

 

475

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(1,537)

 

$

(4,827)

See accompanying notes.

 

 

3


 

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

    

2016

    

2015

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(2,623)

 

$

(5,302)

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash (used in) provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

9,599

 

 

8,095

 

Loss from discontinued operations before income tax

 

 

312

 

 

469

 

Loss (gain) on sale of available for sale securities reclassified from other comprehensive income

 

 

109

 

 

(20)

 

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

 

 

11

 

 

7

 

Long lived asset impairment

 

 

306

 

 

 —

 

Equity in earnings of an investee

 

 

(77)

 

 

(72)

 

Stock based compensation

 

 

218

 

 

300

 

Provision for losses on receivables

 

 

793

 

 

1,696

 

Other noncash (income) expense adjustments, net

 

 

(141)

 

 

406

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(362)

 

 

(2,140)

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

555

 

 

1,853

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(11,025)

 

 

2,385

 

Accrued compensation and benefits

 

 

10,871

 

 

6,052

 

Due to/from related persons, net

 

 

(4,331)

 

 

4,175

 

Other current and long term liabilities

 

 

(8,877)

 

 

(1,916)

 

Cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

 

(4,662)

 

 

15,988

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Increase) decrease in restricted cash and investment accounts, net

 

 

(139)

 

 

174

 

Acquisition of property and equipment

 

 

(14,270)

 

 

(11,550)

 

Purchases of available for sale securities

 

 

(2,911)

 

 

(234)

 

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment to Senior Housing Properties Trust

 

 

5,755

 

 

4,060

 

Proceeds from sale of available for sale securities

 

 

4,114

 

 

2,736

 

Cash used in investing activities

 

 

(7,451)

 

 

(4,814)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from borrowings on revolving credit facility

 

 

15,000

 

 

 —

 

Repayments of borrowings on revolving credit facility

 

 

(5,000)

 

 

(5,000)

 

Repayments of mortgage notes payable

 

 

(313)

 

 

(438)

 

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

 

9,687

 

 

(5,438)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from discontinued operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided (used in) by operating activities

 

 

95

 

 

(42)

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(8)

 

 

(12)

 

Net cash flows provided by (used in) discontinued operations

 

 

87

 

 

(54)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(2,339)

 

 

5,682

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

14,672

 

 

20,988

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

12,333

 

$

26,670

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

1,517

 

$

969

 

Cash paid for income taxes, net

 

$

208

 

$

182

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

4


 

Tabe of Contents

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

Note 1.  Basis of Presentation and Organization

General

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of Five Star Quality Care, Inc. and its subsidiaries, or we, us or our, are unaudited.  Certain information and disclosures required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, for complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted.  We believe the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.  However, the accompanying financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, or our Annual Report.  In the opinion of our management, all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.  All intercompany transactions and balances with or among our consolidated subsidiaries have been eliminated.  Our operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior years’ condensed consolidated financial statements to conform to the current year’s presentation.

 

We operate senior living communities, including independent living communities, assisted living communities and skilled nursing facilities, or SNFs.  As of March 31, 2016, we operated 274 senior living communities located in 32 states with 31,051 living units, including 243 primarily independent and assisted living communities with 28,450 living units and 31 SNFs with 2,601 living units.  As of March 31, 2016, we owned and operated 33 communities (3,211 living units), we leased and operated 181 communities (19,700 living units) and we managed 60 communities (8,140 living units).  Our 274 senior living communities, as of March 31, 2016, included 10,668 independent living apartments, 15,439 assisted living suites and 4,944 skilled nursing beds.  The foregoing numbers exclude one senior living community with 32 living units that we own which is being offered for sale and is classified as a discontinued operation and exclude living units categorized as out of service.

Segment Information

We have two operating segments: senior living communities and rehabilitation and wellness. In the senior living community segment, we operate for our own account or manage for the account of others independent living communities, assisted living communities and SNFs that are subject to centralized oversight and provide housing and services to elderly residents. Our rehabilitation and wellness operating segment does not meet any of the quantitative thresholds of a reportable segment as prescribed under Financial Accounting Standards Board, or the FASB, Accounting Standards Codification TM, or ASC, Topic 280, Segment Reporting, and therefore we have determined that our business is comprised of one reportable segment, senior living. All of our operations and assets are located in the United States, except for the operations of our Cayman Islands organized captive insurance company subsidiary, which participates in our workers’ compensation and professional and general liability insurance programs.

Note 2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2015, we early adopted FASB Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, No. 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes, which requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities be classified as noncurrent in a consolidated balance sheet rather than the current presentation of separating deferred tax assets and liabilities into current and noncurrent amounts. We adopted this ASU using prospective application. Since we have recognized a full deferred tax valuation allowance since 2014 and our deferred tax assets and liabilities net to zero, the implementation of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

On January 1, 2016, we adopted FASB ASU No. 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the associated debt liability, and ASU No. 2015-15, Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with Line-of-Credit Arrangements – Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to Staff Announcement at June 18, 2015 EITF Meeting, which addresses the presentation of debt issuance costs related to line of credit arrangements. The implementation of ASU No. 2015-03 did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements. 

5


 

Tabe of Contents

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

The adoption of ASU No. 2015-15 did not result in any changes in the classification of capitalized debt issuance costs related to our $150,000 secured revolving credit facility.

On January 1, 2016, we adopted FASB ASU No. 2015-16, Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments, which eliminates the requirement for an acquirer in a business combination to account for measurement-period adjustments retrospectively. Instead, acquirers must recognize measurement-period adjustments during the period in which they determine the amounts, including the effect on earnings of any amounts that would have been recorded in previous periods if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. The implementation of this ASU did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which changes how entities measure certain equity investments and present changes in the fair value of financial liabilities measured under the fair value option that are attributable to their own credit. This ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted subject to certain conditions. Currently, changes in fair value of these investments are recorded through other comprehensive income. Under this ASU, these changes will be recorded through earnings. We are continuing to evaluate this ASU, but we expect the implementation of this ASU will affect available for sale equity investments that we hold.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both parties to a contract (i.e., lessees and lessors). ASU No. 2016-02 requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase of the leased asset by the lessee. This classification will determine whether the lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight line basis over the term of the lease. A lessee is also required to record a right of use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance for operating leases today. The new standard requires lessors to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales type leases, direct financing leases and operating leases. ASU No. 2016-02 is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. We are currently assessing the potential impact the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 will have on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718), which identifies areas for simplification involving several aspects of accounting for share based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, an option to recognize gross stock compensation expense with actual forfeitures recognized as they occur, as well as certain classifications on the statement of cash flows.  ASU No. 2016-09 is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. We are currently assessing the potential impact the adoption of ASU No. 2016-09 will have on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which outlines a comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers.  This ASU clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue by, among other things, removing inconsistencies in revenue requirements, improving comparability of revenue recognition practices across entities and industries and providing improved disclosure requirements. In July 2015, the FASB approved a one year deferral of the effective date for this ASU to interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017; however, early adoption at the original effective date is still permitted. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), which clarifies how an entity should identify the unit of accounting for the principal versus agent evaluation and how it should apply the control principle to certain types of arrangements, such as service transactions. We are currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of these ASUs will have on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


 

Tabe of Contents

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

Note 3. Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consists of the following:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

March 31,

    

December 31,

 

 

2016

 

2015

Land

 

$

25,410

 

$

25,410

Buildings and improvements

 

 

340,652

 

 

338,522

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

 

172,360

 

 

165,497

Property and equipment, at cost

 

 

538,422

 

 

529,429

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(154,479)

 

 

(145,571)

Property and equipment, net

 

$

383,943

 

$

383,858

 

We recorded depreciation expense relating to our property and equipment of $8,946 and $7,867 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

We review the carrying value of long lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If there is an indication that the carrying value of an asset is not recoverable, we determine the amount of impairment loss, if any, by comparing the historical carrying value of the asset to its estimated fair value. We determine estimated fair value based on input from market participants, our experience selling similar assets, market conditions and internally developed cash flow models that our assets or asset groups are expected to generate, and we consider these estimates to be a Level 3 fair value measurement. As a result of our long lived assets impairment review, we recorded $306 of impairment charges to certain of our long lived assets in continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016.

 

As of March 31, 2016, we had $8,038 of assets included in our property and equipment that we currently expect to request that Senior Housing Properties Trust, or, together with its subsidiaries, SNH, purchase from us for an increase in future rent; however, SNH is not obligated to purchase such amounts. Please see Note 10 for more information regarding our leases and other arrangements with SNH.

Note 4. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

The following table details the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, for the three months ended March 31, 2016:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

Equity
Investment of an
Investee

    

Investments in
Available for Sale
Securities

    

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income

Balance at January 1, 2016

 

$

30

 

$

2,885

 

$

2,915

Unrealized gain on investments, net of  tax

 

 

 —

 

 

925

 

 

925

Equity in unrealized gain of an investee

 

 

52

 

 

 —

 

 

52

Reclassification adjustment:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Realized loss on investments, net of tax

 

 

 —

 

 

109

 

 

109

Balance at March 31, 2016

 

$

82

 

$

3,919

 

$

4,001

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income represents the unrealized gains and losses of our investments, net of tax, and our share of other comprehensive income of Affiliates Insurance Company, or AIC.

 

Note 5.  Income Taxes

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, we recognized income tax expense from our continuing operations of $289.  We did not recognize any income tax expense or benefit from our discontinued operations for that period. As of December 31, 2015, our federal net operating loss carry forwards, which are scheduled to begin expiring in 2026 if unused, were approximately $125,533, and our tax credit carry forwards, which begin expiring in 2022 if unused, were

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FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

approximately $19,426.  We have an additional $427 of federal net operating loss carry forwards not included in the $125,533, that are attributable to unvested stock grants which will be recorded as an increase to additional paid in capital once they are realized in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation. Our net operating loss carry forwards and tax credit carry forwards are subject to possible audit and adjustment by the Internal Revenue Service. 

During the year ended December 31, 2014, we determined it was more likely than not that our net deferred tax assets would not be realized and concluded that a full valuation allowance was required, which eliminated the amount of our net deferred tax assets recorded in our consolidated balance sheets.  In the future, if we believe that we will more likely than not realize the benefit of these deferred tax assets, we will adjust our valuation allowance and recognize an income tax benefit, which may affect our results of operations.

Note 6.  Earnings Per Share

We calculated basic earnings per common share, or EPS, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 using the weighted average number of shares of our common stock, $.01 par value per share, or our common shares, outstanding during the periods.  Diluted EPS reflects the more dilutive earnings per common share amount calculated using the two class method or the treasury stock method.  The three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 had 942,243 and 703,865, respectively, potentially dilutive restricted unvested common shares that were not included in the calculation of diluted EPS because to do so would have been antidilutive.    

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of loss from continuing operations and loss from discontinued operations and the number of common shares used in the calculations of diluted EPS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2016

 

2015

 

 

    

Income

    

 

    

Per

    

Income

    

 

    

Per

 

 

 

(loss)

 

Shares

 

Share

 

(loss)

 

Shares

 

Share

 

Loss from continuing operations

 

$

(2,311)

 

48,792

 

$

(0.05)

 

$

(4,833)

 

48,364

 

$

(0.10)

 

Dilutive effect of unvested restricted shares

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 —

 

 —

 

 

 

 

Diluted loss from continuing operations

 

$

(2,311)

 

48,792

 

$

(0.05)

 

$

(4,833)

 

48,364

 

$

(0.10)

 

Diluted loss from discontinued operations

 

$

(312)

 

48,792

 

$

(0.01)

 

$

(469)

 

48,364

 

$

(0.01)

 

 

Note 7.  Fair Values of Assets and Liabilities

Our assets recorded at fair value have been categorized based upon a fair value hierarchy in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. We apply the following fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into three levels.

 

Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets and quoted prices in inactive markets.

 

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability in which there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability at the measurement date.

 

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FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

Recurring Fair Value Measures

 

The tables below present the assets measured at fair value at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 categorized by the level of inputs used in the valuation of each asset.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2016

 

    

 

 

    

Quoted Prices in

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Active Markets

 

Significant Other

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

for Identical

 

Observable

 

Unobservable

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

Inputs

 

Inputs

Description

 

Total

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

(Level 3)

Cash equivalents(1)

 

$

5,355

 

$

5,355

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

Available for sale securities:(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial services industry

 

 

3,850

 

 

3,850

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

REIT industry

 

 

297

 

 

297

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Other

 

 

3,799

 

 

3,799

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Total equity securities

 

 

7,946

 

 

7,946

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International bond fund(3)

 

 

2,434

 

 

 —

 

 

2,434

 

 

 —

High yield fund(4)

 

 

2,311

 

 

 —

 

 

2,311

 

 

 —

Industrial bonds

 

 

6,354

 

 

 —

 

 

6,354

 

 

 —

Government bonds

 

 

15,526

 

 

7,783

 

 

7,743

 

 

 —

Financial bonds

 

 

3,206

 

 

 —

 

 

3,206

 

 

 —

Other

 

 

11,503

 

 

 —

 

 

11,503

 

 

 —

Total debt securities

 

 

41,334

 

 

7,783

 

 

33,551

 

 

 —

Total available for sale securities

 

 

49,280

 

 

15,729

 

 

33,551

 

 

 —

Total

 

$

54,635

 

$

21,084

 

$

33,551

 

$

 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2015

 

    

 

 

    

Quoted Prices in

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Active Markets

 

Significant Other

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

for Identical

 

Observable

 

Unobservable

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

Inputs

 

Inputs

Description

 

Total

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

(Level 3)

Cash equivalents(1)

 

$

5,936

 

$

5,936

 

$

 —

 

$

 —

Available for sale securities:(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial services industry

 

 

3,746

 

 

3,746

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

REIT industry

 

 

270

 

 

270

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Other

 

 

3,807

 

 

3,807

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Total equity securities

 

 

7,823

 

 

7,823

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

Debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International bond fund(3)

 

 

2,399

 

 

 —

 

 

2,399

 

 

 —

High yield fund(4)

 

 

2,245

 

 

 —

 

 

2,245

 

 

 —

Industrial bonds

 

 

6,007

 

 

 —

 

 

6,007

 

 

 —

Government bonds

 

 

16,612

 

 

8,661

 

 

7,951

 

 

 —

Financial bonds

 

 

3,157

 

 

 —

 

 

3,157

 

 

 —

Other

 

 

11,340

 

 

 —

 

 

11,340

 

 

 —

Total debt securities

 

 

41,760

 

 

8,661

 

 

33,099

 

 

 —

Total available for sale securities

 

 

49,583

 

 

16,484

 

 

33,099

 

 

 —

Total

 

$

55,519

 

$

22,420

 

$

33,099

 

$

 —

 


(1)

Cash equivalents consist of short term, highly liquid investments and money market funds held principally for obligations arising from our self insurance programs. Cash equivalents are reported on our balance sheet as cash and cash equivalents and current and long term restricted cash.  Cash equivalents include $3,467 and $4,027 of balances that are restricted at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

 

(2)

As of March 31, 2016, our investments in available for sale securities had a fair value of $49,280 with an amortized cost of $46,703, resulting from unrealized gains of $2,915, net of unrealized losses of $338. As of December 31, 2015, our investments in our available for sale securities had a fair value of $49,583 with an amortized cost of $48,040, resulting from unrealized gains of $2,113, net of unrealized losses of $570. At

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Tabe of Contents

FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

March 31, 2016, 13 of the securities we hold, with a fair value of $2,574, have been in a loss position for less than 12 months and nine of the securities we hold, with a fair value of $1,351, have been in a loss position for greater than 12 months. We do not believe these securities are impaired primarily because they have not been in a loss position for an extended period of time, the financial conditions of the issuers of these securities remain strong with solid fundamentals, we intend to hold these securities until recovery, and other factors that support our conclusion that the loss is temporary. During the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, we received gross proceeds of $4,114 and $2,736, respectively, in connection with the sales of available for sale securities and recorded gross realized gains totaling $24 and $20, respectively, and gross realized losses totaling $133 and $0, respectively. We record gains and losses on the sales of our available for sale securities using the specific identification method.

 

(3)

The investment strategy of this fund is to invest principally in fixed income securities issued by non-U.S. issuers. The fund invests in such securities or investment vehicles as it considers appropriate to achieve the fund’s investment objective, which is to provide an above average rate of total return while attempting to limit investment risk by investing in a diversified portfolio of U.S. dollar investment grade fixed income securities. There are no unfunded commitments and the investment can be redeemed weekly.

 

(4)

The investment strategy of this fund is to invest principally in fixed income securities. The fund invests in such securities or investment vehicles as it considers appropriate to achieve the fund’s investment objective, which is to provide an above average rate of total return while attempting to limit investment risk by investing in a diversified portfolio of primarily fixed income securities issued by companies with below investment grade ratings. There are no unfunded commitments and the investment can be redeemed weekly.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2016, we did not change the type of inputs used to determine the fair value of any of our assets and liabilities that we measure at fair value.  Accordingly, there were no transfers of assets or liabilities between levels of the fair value hierarchy during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

 

The carrying values of accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.  The carrying value and fair value of our mortgage notes payable were $61,760 and $66,156, respectively, as of March 31, 2016 and $62,203 and $65,999, respectively, as of December 31, 2015, and are categorized in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy in their entirety.  We estimate the fair values of our mortgage notes payable by using discounted cash flow analyses and currently prevailing market terms as of the measurement date. 

 

Non-Recurring Fair Value Measures

 

We review the carrying value of long lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset or asset group may not be recoverable. Please see Note 3 for more information regarding fair value measurements related to impairments of our long lived assets in continuing operations.

 

The fair value of assets held for sale is determined based on the use of appraisals, input from market participants, our experience selling similar assets and/or internally developed cash flow models, all of which are considered to be Level 3 fair value measurements. Please see Note 11 for more information regarding fair value measurements related to impairments of our assets held for sale.

 

Note 8.  Indebtedness

We have a $150,000 secured revolving credit facility, or our Credit Facility, that is available for general business purposes, including acquisitions. In April 2016, we extended the maturity date of our Credit Facility to April 13, 2017, and we paid a fee of $300 in connection with this extension.  We are required to pay interest at an annual rate of LIBOR plus a premium of 250 basis points, or 2.94% as of March 31, 2016, on borrowings under our Credit Facility.  We are also required to pay a quarterly fee of 0.35% per annum on the unused part of our Credit Facility. We may draw, repay and redraw funds until maturity, and no principal repayment is due until maturity.  The weighted average annual interest rate for borrowings under our Credit Facility was 3.54% and 2.74% for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.  As of March 31, 2016, we had $60,000 outstanding and an additional $89,370 available to borrow under our Credit Facility. We incurred interest expense and other associated costs related to our Credit Facility of $637 and $609 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

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FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

We are the borrower under our Credit Facility, and certain of our subsidiaries guarantee our obligations under our Credit Facility, which is secured by real estate mortgages on 15 senior living communities with 1,549 living units owned by our guarantor subsidiaries and our guarantor subsidiaries’ accounts receivable and related collateral.  The amount of available borrowings under our Credit Facility is subject to our having qualified collateral, which is primarily based on the value of the properties securing our obligations under our Credit Facility. Accordingly, the availability of borrowings under our Credit Facility at any time may be less than $150,000.  Our Credit Facility provides for acceleration of payment of all amounts outstanding upon the occurrence and continuation of certain events of default, such as a change of control of us.  Our Credit Facility contains a number of financial and other covenants, including covenants that restrict our ability to incur indebtedness or to pay dividends or make other distributions under certain circumstances and require us to maintain financial ratios and a minimum net worth.

 

We previously had a $25,000 secured revolving line of credit that matured on March 18, 2016, which we determined not to extend or replace. We made no borrowings under this facility during either the three months ended March 31, 2016 or 2015, and there were no amounts outstanding under this facility on March 18, 2016, the maturity date. We incurred associated costs related to this facility of $45 and $48 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

At March 31, 2016, five of our senior living communities were encumbered by mortgages with a carrying value of $61,760: (1) two of our communities were encumbered by Federal National Mortgage Association, or FNMA, mortgages; (2) two of our communities were encumbered by Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, or FMCC, mortgages; and (3) one of our communities was encumbered by a mortgage from a commercial lender.  These mortgages contain standard mortgage covenants.  We recorded a mortgage premium in connection with our assumption of certain of these mortgages as part of our acquisitions of the encumbered communities in order to record the assumed mortgages at their estimated fair value. We are amortizing the mortgage premiums as a reduction of interest expense until the maturity of the respective mortgages.  The weighted average annual interest rate on these five mortgages was 6.27% as of March 31, 2016.  Payments of principal and interest are due monthly under these mortgages until the maturities at varying dates ranging from June 2018 to September 2032.  We incurred mortgage interest expense, including premium amortization, of $817 and $697 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Our mortgage debts require monthly payments into escrows for taxes, insurance and property replacement funds; withdrawals from escrows for our FNMA and FMCC mortgages require applicable FNMA and FMCC approval.

As of March 31, 2016, we believe we were in compliance with all applicable covenants under our Credit Facility and mortgage debts.

 

Note 9. Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have pledged our accounts receivable and certain other assets, with a carrying value, as of March 31, 2016, of $14,860, arising from our operation of 26 communities owned by SNH and leased to us to secure SNH’s borrowings from its lender, FNMA.  As of March 31, 2016, we had no other off balance sheet arrangements that have had or that we expect would be reasonably likely to have a material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

 

Note 10. Related Person Transactions

We have relationships and historical and continuing transactions with SNH, The RMR Group LLC, or RMR LLC, and others related to them, including other companies to which RMR LLC provides management services and which have trustees, directors and officers who are also our directors or officers.  For further information about these and other such relationships and certain other related person transactions, please refer to our Annual Report.

SNH: We were a 100% owned subsidiary of SNH until SNH distributed our common shares to its shareholders in 2001. As of March 31, 2016, SNH owned 4,235,000 of our common shares, representing approximately 8.6% of our

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FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

outstanding common shares.  SNH is our largest stockholder. We are SNH’s largest tenant and we manage certain senior living communities owned by SNH.

As of March 31, 2016, we leased 177 senior living communities from SNH. Our total annual rent payable to SNH as of March 31, 2016 and 2015 was $192,758 and $191,007,  respectively, excluding percentage rent.  Our total rent expense (which includes rent for all communities we lease from SNH, including communities that we have classified as discontinued operations) under all of our leases with SNH, net of lease inducement amortization, was $49,374 and $48,941 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, which amounts included estimated percentage rent of $1,468 and $1,430 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.  As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had outstanding rent due and payable to SNH of $17,488 and $17,497, respectively. 

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, pursuant to the terms of our leases with SNH, we sold to SNH $5,755 and $4,060, respectively, of improvements to communities leased from SNH, and, as a result, our annual rent payable by us to SNH increased by approximately $462 and $328, respectively. As of March 31, 2016, our property and equipment included $8,038 for similar improvements to communities leased from SNH that we expected to request SNH to purchase from us for an increase in future rent; however, SNH is not obligated to purchase these improvements.

As of March 31, 2016 and 2015, we managed 60 and 46 senior living communities for the account of SNH, respectively. We earned management fees from SNH of $2,804 and $2,523 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

In April 2016, we began managing two senior living communities for the account of SNH. One of those senior living communities is located in North Carolina and has 87 living units. The other senior living community is located in Georgia and has 38 living units. We are managing these two communities pursuant to separate management agreements on terms substantially consistent with our other management agreements with SNH for senior living communities that include assisted living units.

 

We expect to enter into a management agreement with SNH in the second quarter of 2016 to manage a senior living community SNH owns located in Alabama with 163 living units. We expect the management agreement will contain terms substantially consistent with our other management agreements with SNH for senior living communities that include assisted living units.

 

We expect that we may amend certain provisions of our management and pooling agreements with SNH as circumstances affecting the managed communities change and that we may enter into additional management arrangements with SNH for senior living communities that SNH may acquire in the future.

 

D&R Yonkers LLC:  In order to accommodate certain requirements of New York healthcare licensing laws, a part of one of the senior living communities owned by SNH that we manage is subleased by a subsidiary of SNH to D&R Yonkers LLC, and D&R Yonkers LLC is owned by SNH’s president and chief operating officer and our Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer. Pursuant to our management agreement with D&R Yonkers LLC, we earned management fees of $64 and $54 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

RMR LLC:  Pursuant to our business management agreement with RMR LLC, we recognized business management fees of $2,226 and $2,127, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively; these amounts are included in general and administrative expenses in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. 

 

We have historically awarded share grants to certain RMR LLC employees under our equity compensation plans.  In addition, under our business management agreement we reimburse RMR LLC for our allocable costs for internal audit services.  The amounts recognized as expense for share grants to RMR LLC employees and internal audit costs were

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FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

$100 and $160 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively; these amounts are included in general and administrative expenses in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

We lease our headquarters from ABP Trust, which is owned in part by one of our Managing Directors.  Our rent expense for our headquarters was $527 and $411 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

AIC:  We and six other companies to which RMR LLC provides management services each own in equal amounts AIC.  We and the other AIC shareholders participate in a combined property insurance program arranged and reinsured in part by AIC.

As of March 31, 2016, our investment in AIC had a carrying value of $6,956; this amount is presented as an equity investment on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. We recognized income of $77 and $72 related to our investment in AIC for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Our other comprehensive income includes our proportional part of unrealized gains on securities held for sale which are owned by AIC of $52 and $45 for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

 

 

Note 11.  Discontinued Operations

In June 2013, we decided to offer for sale an assisted living community we own with 32 living units located in Alabama.  We are continuing to market this community for sale. We recorded long lived asset impairment charges of $325 for the first quarter of 2016 to reduce the carrying value of this community to its estimated fair value, less costs to sell. We can provide no assurance that we will be able to sell this senior living community, or what the terms or timing of any sale of this community may be. As of March 31, 2016, this is the only senior living community remaining in discontinued operations. Below is a summary of the operating results of our discontinued operations included in the condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2016

    

2015

 

 

Revenues

$

205

 

$

2,604

 

 

Expenses

 

(192)

 

 

(3,073)

 

 

Impairment on discontinued assets

 

(325)

 

 

 —

 

 

Loss from discontinued operations

$

(312)

 

$

(469)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note 12.  Legal Proceedings and Claims

We have been, are currently, and expect in the future to be involved in claims, lawsuits, and regulatory and other governmental audits, investigations and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business, some of which may involve material amounts. Also, the defense and resolution of these claims, lawsuits, and regulatory and other governmental audits, investigations and proceedings may require us to incur significant expense. We account for claims and litigation losses in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 450, Contingencies, or ASC 450. Under ASC 450, loss contingency provisions are recorded for probable and estimable losses at our best estimate of a loss or, when a best estimate cannot be made, at our estimate of the minimum loss. These estimates are often developed prior to knowing the amount of the ultimate loss, require the application of considerable judgment, and are refined as additional information becomes known. Accordingly, we are often initially unable to develop a best estimate of loss and therefore the estimated minimum loss amount, which could be zero, is recorded; and then, as information becomes known, the minimum loss amount is updated, as appropriate. A minimum or best estimate amount may be increased or decreased when events result in a changed expectation.

 

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FIVE STAR QUALITY CARE, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

As previously disclosed, as a result of our compliance program to review medical records related to our Medicare billing practices, during 2014 we discovered potentially inadequate documentation and other issues at one of our leased SNFs. This compliance review was not initiated in response to any specific complaint or allegation, but was a review of the type that we periodically undertake to test our own compliance with applicable Medicare billing rules. As a result of these discoveries, in February 2015, we made a voluntary disclosure of deficiencies to the United States Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General, or the OIG, pursuant to the OIG’s Provider Self-Disclosure Protocol. We completed our investigation and assessment of these matters and submitted a final supplemental disclosure to the OIG in May 2015. In 2014 and 2015, we had accrued a revenue reserve of $6,733 for historical Medicare payments we received and expect to repay as a result of these deficiencies; $2,400 of this reserve was recorded for the quarter ended March 31, 2015. The entire reserve amount remained accrued and unpaid at March 31, 2016. In addition, in 2014 and 2015, we also had accrued expenses for additional costs we incurred, including estimated OIG imposed penalties, as a result of this matter, totaling $8,362, of which $3,529 remained accrued and unpaid at March 31, 2016; for the quarter ended March 31, 2015, we accrued $2,316 for these expenses.

 

We were defendants in a lawsuit filed in the Superior Court of Maricopa County, Arizona by the estate of a former resident of a senior living community operated by us. The complaint asserted claims against us for pain and suffering as a result of improper treatment constituting violations of the Arizona Adult Protective Services Act and wrongful death. In May 2015, the jury rendered a decision in our favor on the wrongful death claim, and against us on the remaining claims, returning verdicts awarding damages of approximately $19,200, which consisted of $2,500 for pain and suffering and the remainder in punitive damages. In March 2016, pursuant to a settlement agreement we entered into with the plaintiff, $7,250 was paid to the plaintiff, of which $3,021 was paid by our liability insurer and the balance by us. We believe our liability insurer may be financially responsible for more than $3,021 and we are seeking additional payments from our liability insurer; however, we cannot predict the outcome of our on-going negotiations or potential future litigation with our liability insurer. As a result, we recorded a $4,229 charge for the year ended December 31, 2015, which was included in other senior living operating expenses in our consolidated statements of operations.

 

 

14


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, or this Quarterly Report, and with our Annual Report.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

We have two operating segments: senior living communities and rehabilitation and wellness. In the senior living community segment, we operate for our own account or manage for the account of others independent living communities, assisted living communities and SNFs that are subject to centralized oversight and provide housing and services to elderly residents. Our rehabilitation and wellness operating segment does not meet any of the quantitative thresholds of a reportable segment as prescribed under FASB ASC Topic 280, Segment Reporting, and therefore we have determined that our business is comprised of one reportable segment, senior living. All of our operations and assets are located in the United States, except for the operations of our Cayman Islands organized captive insurance company subsidiary, which participates in our workers’ compensation and professional and general liability insurance programs.

Key Statistical Data For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015:

The following tables present a summary of our operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

(dollars in thousands, except average monthly rate)

    

2016

    

2015

    

Change

    

%/bps Change

Senior living revenue

 

$

280,090

 

$

275,173

 

$

4,917

 

1.8

%  

Management fee revenue

 

 

2,804

 

 

2,523

 

 

281

 

11.1

%  

Reimbursed costs incurred on behalf of managed communities

 

 

61,318

 

 

56,277

 

 

5,041

 

9.0

%  

Total revenue

 

 

344,212

 

 

333,973

 

 

10,239

 

3.1

%  

Senior living wages and benefits

 

 

(135,804)

 

 

(133,253)

 

 

(2,551)

 

(1.9)

%  

Other senior living operating expenses

 

 

(69,741)

 

 

(72,225)

 

 

2,484

 

3.4

%  

Costs incurred on behalf of managed communities

 

 

(61,318)

 

 

(56,277)

 

 

(5,041)

 

(9.0)

%  

Rent expense

 

 

(50,095)

 

 

(49,628)

 

 

(467)

 

(0.9)

%  

General and administrative expenses

 

 

(18,103)

 

 

(17,982)

 

 

(121)

 

(0.7)

%  

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

(9,599)

 

 

(8,095)

 

 

(1,504)

 

(18.6)

%  

Long lived asset impairment

 

 

(306)

 

 

 —

 

 

(306)

 

(100.0)

%  

Interest, dividend and other income

 

 

265

 

 

220

 

 

45

 

20.5

%  

Interest and other expense

 

 

(1,501)

 

 

(1,354)

 

 

(147)

 

(10.9)

%  

(Loss) gain on sale of available for sale securities reclassified from other comprehensive income

 

 

(109)

 

 

20

 

 

(129)

 

(645.0)

%  

Provision for income taxes

 

 

(289)

 

 

(304)

 

 

15

 

4.9

%  

Equity in earnings of an investee

 

 

77

 

 

72

 

 

5

 

6.9

%  

Loss from continuing operations

 

$

(2,311)

 

$

(4,833)

 

$

2,522

 

52.2

%  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total number of communities (end of period):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Owned and leased communities(1)

 

 

214

 

 

212

 

 

2

 

0.9

%  

Managed communities

 

 

60

 

 

46

 

 

14

 

30.4

%  

Number of total communities(1)

 

 

274

 

 

258

 

 

16

 

6.2

%  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total number of living units (end of period):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Owned and leased living units (1)(2)

 

 

22,911

 

 

23,099

 

 

(188)

 

(0.8)

%  

Managed living units (2)

 

 

8,140

 

 

7,290

 

 

850

 

11.7

%  

Number of total living units (1)(2)

 

 

31,051

 

 

30,389

 

 

662

 

2.2

%