Attached files

file filename
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 (SECTION 906 CERTIFICATION DAVID A. JACKSON) - KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION INCexhibit321.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 (SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION DAVID A. JACKSON) - KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION INCexhibit311.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 (SECTION 906 CERTIFICATION ADAM W. MILLER) - KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION INCexhibit322.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 (SECTION 302 CERTIFICATION ADAM W. MILLER) - KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION INCexhibit312.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
[X]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2015
 
Or
   
[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from                                       to

Commission File Number: 001-32396

KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Arizona
86-0649974
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
   
20002 North 19th Avenue
Phoenix, Arizona
85027
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
   
Registrant's telephone number, including area code:
602-269-2000

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
[X]  Yes                      [  ]  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this Chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
[X]  Yes                      [  ]  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer [X]
Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [  ]
Smaller reporting company [  ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
[  ]  Yes                       [X]  No

The number of shares outstanding of registrant's common stock, par value $0.01 per share, as of October 30, 2015, was 80,920,787 shares.

 
 

 

KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION, INC.



 
Page Number
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
   
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014
     
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements
     
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
     
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
     
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
     
Part II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
     
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
     
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
     
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
     
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
     
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
     
Item 5.
Other Information
     
Item 6.
Exhibits
     
Signatures
 


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.                      Financial Statements

Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Balance Sheets
(in thousands)
 
   
   
September 30,
2015
   
December 31,
2014
 
ASSETS
           
Current Assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 12,703     $ 17,066  
Trade receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $3,010 and $3,355, respectively
    134,985       143,531  
Notes receivable, net of allowance for doubtful notes receivable of $281 and $351, respectively
    731       1,020  
Prepaid expenses
    23,472       17,423  
Assets held for sale
    18,005       23,248  
Other current assets
    14,251       13,345  
Income tax receivable
    9,713       19,432  
Current deferred tax assets
    3,785       3,187  
    Total current assets
    217,645       238,252  
                 
Property and Equipment:
               
Revenue equipment
    879,703       803,410  
Land and land improvements
    52,744       52,531  
Buildings and building improvements
    130,265       125,492  
Furniture and fixtures
    16,949       17,322  
Shop and service equipment
    16,850       16,653  
Leasehold improvements
    3,102       3,037  
Gross property and equipment
    1,099,613       1,018,445  
Less:  accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (295,389 )     (266,399 )
Property and equipment, net
    804,224       752,046  
Notes receivable, long-term
    3,459       4,065  
Goodwill
    47,055       47,067  
Intangible assets, net
    3,200       3,575  
Other long-term assets, restricted cash and investments
    22,339       37,280  
    Total long-term assets
    880,277       844,033  
    Total assets
  $ 1,097,922     $ 1,082,285  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements.
 

KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Balance Sheets (continued)
(in thousands, except par values)
 
             
   
September 30,
2015
   
December 31,
2014
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
           
Current Liabilities:
           
Accounts payable
  $ 24,941     $ 19,122  
Accrued payroll and purchased transportation
    27,961       34,127  
Accrued liabilities
    32,518       20,604  
Claims accrual – current portion
    18,747       18,532  
Dividend payable – current portion
    306       200  
Total current liabilities
    104,473       92,585  
                 
Long-term Liabilities:
               
Claims accrual – long-term portion
    11,681       11,505  
Long-term dividend payable and other liabilities
    2,196       2,513  
Deferred tax liabilities
    144,724       162,007  
Long-term debt
    120,000       134,400  
Total long-term liabilities
    278,601       310,425  
                 
Total liabilities
    383,074       403,010  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 6)
               
                 
Shareholders' Equity:
               
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 50,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding
    -       -  
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 300,000 shares authorized; 80,916 and 81,842 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
    809       818  
Additional paid-in capital
    203,073       185,184  
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    3,506       12,231  
Retained earnings
    505,165       479,527  
Total Knight Transportation shareholders' equity
    712,553       677,760  
Noncontrolling interest
    2,295       1,515  
Total shareholders’ equity
    714,848       679,275  
                 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
  $ 1,097,922     $ 1,082,285  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements.


Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Income
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
   
   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
   
2015
   
2014
 
REVENUE:
                       
Revenue, before fuel surcharge
  $ 269,930     $ 227,829     $ 795,767     $ 652,333  
Fuel surcharge
    30,192       43,718       96,458       132,532  
Total revenue
    300,122       271,547       892,225       784,865  
OPERATING EXPENSES:
                               
Salaries, wages and benefits
    85,514       65,296       249,921       190,779  
Fuel
    39,795       51,221       120,247       155,422  
Operations and maintenance
    20,390       17,305       62,065       51,481  
Insurance and claims
    8,149       7,530       25,076       22,414  
Operating taxes and licenses
    3,373       4,338       13,954       12,265  
Communications
    849       1,164       3,066       3,621  
Depreciation and amortization
    28,204       22,684       82,728       66,422  
Purchased transportation
    62,115       60,017       182,279       168,305  
Miscellaneous operating expenses
    5,307       2,201       18,541       4,216  
Total operating expenses
    253,696       231,756       757,877       674,925  
                                 
Income from operations
    46,426       39,791       134,348       109,940  
                                 
Interest income
    140       104       377       326  
Interest expense
    (220 )     (135 )     (714 )     (339 )
Other income
    2,335       2,399       7,234       5,856  
Income before income taxes
    48,681       42,159       141,245       115,783  
                                 
Income taxes
    17,946       16,786       52,379       45,062  
Net income
    30,735       25,373       88,866       70,721  
                                 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
    (452 )     (273 )     (1,382 )     (797 )
Net income attributable to Knight Transportation
  $ 30,283     $ 25,100     $ 87,484     $ 69,924  
                                 
Earnings per share:                                 
Basic
  $ 0.37     $ 0.31     $ 1.07     $ 0.87  
Diluted
  $ 0.37     $ 0.31     $ 1.06     $ 0.86  
Dividends declared per share       0.06      0.06      0.18      0.18  
                                 
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding – Basic
    81,127       81,035       81,678       80,802  
                                 
Weighted Average Shares Outstanding – Diluted
    82,005       82,097       82,714       81,776  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements.
 

Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Comprehensive Income
(in thousands)

   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
   
2015
   
2014
 
                         
Net income
  $ 30,735     $ 25,373     $ 88,866     $ 70,721  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
                               
Realized gains from available-for-sale securities reclassified to net income(1)
    (1,307 )     (892 )     (4,093 )     (1,450 )
Unrealized (loss)/gain from changes in fair value of available-for-sale securities(2)
    (1,365 )     (700 )     (4,632 )     3,393  
Comprehensive income
  28,063     $ 23,781     80,141     $ 72,664  
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
    (452 )      (273 )     (1,382 )     (797 )
Comprehensive income attributable to Knight Transportation
  $ 27,611     $ 23,508     $ 78,759     $ 71,867  

(1)
Net of current income tax expense of $823, $552, $2,576, and $897, respectively.
(2)
Net of deferred income tax (benefit)/expense of $(875), $(433), $(3,024), and $2,100, respectively.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements.
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
 
       
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
           
             
Net income
  $ 88,866     $ 70,721  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    82,728       66,422  
Gain on sale of equipment
    (12,181 )     (13,212 )
Gain from sale of available-for-sale securities
    (6,669 )     (2,347 )
Impairment of investment in Transportation Resource Partners I
    -       1,041  
Gain from sale of Transportation Resource Partners I
    (122 )     -  
Income from investment in Transportation Resource Partners III
    (443 )     (3,490 )
Non-cash compensation expense for issuance of common stock to certain members of Board of Directors
    354       200  
Provision for doubtful accounts and notes receivable
    1,216       998  
Excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation
    (3,064 )     (1,023 )
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures
    5,288       2,933  
Deferred income taxes
    (12,281 )     (12,478 )
                 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Trade receivables
    7,368       (10,385 )
Other current assets
    (906 )     (1,323 )
Prepaid expenses
    (6,049 )     (2,819 )
Income tax receivable
    9,719       -  
Other long-term assets
    (1,643 )     885  
Accounts payable
    (3,021 )     5,095  
Accrued liabilities and claims accrual
    7,479       15,849  
Net cash provided by operating activities
    156,639       117,067  
                 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
               
Purchases of property and equipment
    (166,790 )     (185,892 )
Proceeds from sale of equipment/assets held for sale
    57,938       64,584  
Proceeds from notes receivable
    1,442       1,426  
Payments for notes receivable
    -       (115 )
Proceeds from related party notes receivable
    -       748  
Change in restricted cash and investments
    (25 )     (17 )
Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale securities
    9,339       4,697  
Investment activity in Transportation Resource Partners
    191       774  
Net cash used in investing activities
    (97,905 )     (113,795 )

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements.


KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Cash Flows (continued)
(in thousands)
 
   
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
           
Dividends paid
  $ (15,003 )   $ (14,733 )
Payments to repurchase company stock
    (45,345 )     -  
Payments on line of credit borrowings, net
    (14,400 )     (1,000 )
Excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation
    3,064       1,023  
Cash distribution to noncontrolling interest holder
    (603 )     (589 )
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    9,190       12,643  
Net cash used in financing activities
    (63,097 )     (2,656 )
Net (decrease)/increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents
    (4,363 )     616  
Cash and Cash Equivalents, beginning of period
    17,066       992  
Cash and Cash Equivalents, end of period
  $ 12,703     $ 1,608  
                 
Supplemental Disclosures:
               
Non-cash investing and financing transactions:
               
Equipment acquired included in accounts payable
  $ 8,852     $ 12,491  
Transfer from property and equipment to assets held for sale
  $ 32,800     $ 43,308  
Financing provided to independent contractors for equipment sold
  $ 571     $ 1,341  
Net dividend accrued for restricted stock units
  $ 137     $ 131  
Cash flow information:
               
Income taxes paid
  $ 52,000     $ 58,582  
Interest expense paid
  $ 749     $ 345  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements.


KNIGHT TRANSPORTATION, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES


Note 1.                      Financial Information

References in this Report on Form 10-Q to "we," "us," "our," "Knight," or the "Company" or similar terms refer to Knight Transportation, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. All inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The accompanying condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements of Knight Transportation, Inc. and its subsidiaries have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and Regulation S-X, instructions to Form 10-Q, and other relevant rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), as applicable to the preparation and presentation of interim financial information. Certain information and footnote disclosures have been omitted or condensed pursuant to such rules and regulations.  We believe all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.  Results of operations in interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year.  These condensed consolidated unaudited financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

Note 2.                      Stock-Based Compensation

In May 2015, our shareholders approved the 2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan. This plan combines into a single plan the Company’s 2005 Executive Cash Bonus Plan (the “2005 Plan”) and the 2012 Equity Compensation Plan (the “2012 Plan”) and allows for future grants under the 2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan.  Grants outstanding under the 2005 Plan and 2012 Plan will continue in force and effect and continue to be governed solely by the terms and conditions of the instrument evidencing such grants, and will be interpreted under the terms of the 2005 Plan and the 2012 Plan, as applicable. Since approval of the 2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan in May 2015, all grants of stock-based compensation are made under the 2015 Omnibus Incentive Plan.  Stock-based compensation expense for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2015, and 2014, are as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
   
2015
   
2014
 
    (in thousands)  
Stock compensation expense for options, net of forfeitures
  $ 307     $ 181     $ 754     $ 453  
Stock compensation expense for restricted stock units and performance restricted stock units, net of forfeitures
    1,380       866       4,534       2,480  
Total stock compensation expense
  $ 1,687     $ 1,047     $ 5,288     $ 2,933  

Our policy is to recognize compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award.

As of September 30, 2015, we have approximately $3.5 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested options.  This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.0 years and a total period of 3.6 years.  We have approximately $11.3 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted stock unit awards, which is anticipated to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.7 years and a total period of 7.3 years. We also have approximately $8.1 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested performance awards.  That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.0 years and total period of 3.3 years.
 
 
A total of 590,141 stock options were granted during the first nine months of 2015 and 394,550 stock options were granted during the first nine months of 2014. We received approximately $9.2 million in cash from the exercise of stock options during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to $12.6 million for the same period in 2014.

A summary of the option award activity under our equity compensation plans as of September 30, 2015, and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, is presented below:

   
Option Totals
   
Weighted Average Exercise
Price Per Share
 
Outstanding as of December 31, 2014
    2,142,971     $ 17.80  
Granted
    590,141       29.81  
Exercised
    (555,896 )     16.49  
Forfeited
    (93,589 )     20.77  
Outstanding as of September 30, 2015
    2,083,627       21.41  

The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option valuation model.  Listed below are the weighted-average assumptions used for the fair value computation:

   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Dividend yield (1)
    0.80 %     1.06 %
Expected volatility (2)
    25.88 %     28.04 %
Risk-free interest rate (3)
    0.98 %     0.82 %
Expected term (4)
 
2.74 years
   
2.74 years
 
Weighted-average fair value of options granted
  $ 5.00     $ 3.97  

(1)
Dividend yield – the dividend yield is based on our historical experience and future expectation of dividend payouts.
(2)
Expected volatility – we analyzed the volatility of our stock using historical data.
(3)
Risk-free interest rate – the risk-free interest rate assumption is based on U.S. Treasury securities at a constant maturity with a maturity period that most closely resembles the expected term of the stock option award.
(4)
Expected term – the expected term of employee stock options represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding and has been determined based on an analysis of historical exercise behavior.

A total of 13,950 and 9,000 restricted stock unit awards were granted during the first nine months of 2015 and 2014, respectively. A summary of the restricted stock unit award activity under our equity compensation plans as of September 30, 2015, and changes during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, is presented below:

   
Number of Restricted Stock Unit Awards
   
Weighted Average Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Unvested as of December 31, 2014
    1,073,546     $ 16.22  
Granted
    13,950       29.11  
Vested
    (172,003 )     16.14  
Forfeited
    (15,730 )     16.81  
Unvested as of September 30, 2015
    899,763       16.42  

The fair value of each restricted stock unit is based on the closing market price on the date of grant.
 
 
Beginning in 2014, we issued performance restricted stock units (“PRSUs”) to selected key employees that may be earned based on revenue growth and return on assets, and may then be modified based on our total shareholder return, as defined in the instrument evidencing the grant, over a three-year period. The primary award adjustment may range from 0 percent to 150 percent of the initial grant, based upon performance achieved over the three-year period. The primary award modifier, which would multiply the adjusted primary award by 75 percent to 125 percent, is measured by determining the percentile rank of the total shareholder return, as defined in the instrument evidencing the grant, of Knight common stock in relation to the total shareholder return of a peer group for the three-year period. The final award will be based on performance achieved in accordance with the scale set forth in the plan agreement. Performance restricted stock units do not earn dividend equivalents.

A total of 165,720 PRSUs were granted in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, and 181,112 PRSUs were granted in the nine months ended September 30, 2014. A summary of the performance restricted stock unit award activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 is presented below:

   
Number of Performance
Restricted Stock
Unit Awards
   
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Unvested as of December 31, 2014
    181,112     $ 23.85  
Granted
    165,720       29.30  
Vested
    -       -  
Cancelled
    (5,050 )     26.20  
Unvested as of September 30, 2015
    341,782       26.46  

The performance measurement period for the PRSUs granted in the nine months ended September 30, 2015, is April 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017, and the performance measurement period for the PRSUs granted in the nine months ended September 30, 2014, is January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016. These awards will vest thirteen months following the expiration of the performance measurement period. The fair value of each PRSU grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Monte Carlo Simulation valuation model.  Listed below are the weighted-average assumptions used for the fair value computation:

   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
 
Dividend yield (1)
    0.80 %     1.06 %
Expected volatility (2)
    23.18 %     26.11 %
Average peer volatility (2)
    30.70 %     36.01 %
Average peer correlation coefficient (3)
    0.49       0.5796  
Risk-free interest rate (4)
    0.78 %     0.66 %
Expected term (5)
    2.63       2.80  
Weighted-average fair value of PRSUs granted
  $ 29.30     $ 23.85  

(1)
The dividend yield, used to project stock price to the end of the performance period, is based on our historical experience and future expectation of dividend payouts. Total shareholder return is determined assuming that dividends are reinvested in the issuing entity over the performance period, which is mathematically equivalent to utilizing a 0% dividend yield.
(2)
We (or peer company) estimated volatility using our (or their) historical share price performance over the remaining performance period as of the grant date.
(3)
The correlation coefficients are used to model the way in which each entity tends to move in relation to each other; the correlation assumptions were developed using the same stock price data as the volatility assumptions.
(4)
The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on U.S. Treasury securities at a constant maturity with a maturity period that most closely resembles the expected term of the performance award.
(5)
Since the Monte Carlo simulation valuation is an open form model that uses an expected life commensurate with the performance period, the expected life of the PRSUs was assumed to be the period from the grant date to the end of the performance period.
 
 
Note 3.                      Earnings Per Share

A reconciliation of the basic and diluted earnings per share computations for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, is as follows:

   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
   
2015
   
2014
 
   
(in thousands, except for per share data)
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic
    81,127       81,035       81,678       80,802  
Dilutive effect of stock options and unvested restricted stock units
    878       1,062       1,036       974  
Weighted average common shares outstanding – diluted
    82,005       82,097       82,714       81,776  
                                 
Net income attributable to Knight Transportation
  $ 30,283     $ 25,100     $ 87,484     $ 69,924  
                                 
Basic Earnings Per Share
  $ 0.37     $ 0.31     $ 1.07     $ 0.87  
Diluted Earnings per Share
  $ 0.37     $ 0.31     $ 1.06     $ 0.86  

Certain shares of options, restricted stock units, and PRSUs (“equity awards”) were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because the equity award’s exercise prices were greater than the average market price of the common shares and the sum total of assumed proceeds resulted in fewer shares repurchased than the weighted equity awards outstanding hypothetically exercised per the treasury method.

The number of anti-dilutive shares are:

   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in thousands)
 
   
2015
   
2014
   
2015
   
2014
 
Number of anti-dilutive shares
    597,076       288,334       322,036       286,159  

Note 4.                      Segment Information

We have two operating segments:  (i) the Trucking segment comprised of three operating units (Dry Van, Refrigerated, and Drayage), and (ii) the Logistics segment comprised of two operating units (Brokerage and Intermodal). We also provide logistics, freight management and other non-trucking services through our Logistics businesses. Through our Trucking and Logistics segment capabilities, we are able to transport, or can arrange for the transportation of, general commodities for customers throughout the United States and parts of Canada and Mexico.

We, in determining our reportable segments, focus on financial information such as operating revenues and expenses, operating income, operating ratios, and other key operating statistics common in the industry.  The chief operating decision makers also use this information to evaluate segment performance and allocate resources to our operations.

Our segments provide transportation and related services for one another. Such services are billed at cost, and no profit is earned. Such intersegment revenues and expenses are eliminated in our consolidated results.




The following table sets forth revenue and operating income between the Trucking and Logistics segments for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (dollars in thousands).

   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
 
Revenues:
   $       %      $       %      $       %      $       %  
Trucking Segment
  $ 242,046       80.6     $ 217,848       80.2     $ 722,963       81.0     $ 639,571       81.5  
Logistics Segment
    62,773       20.9       54,787       20.2       181,339       20.3       148,517       18.9  
Subtotal
    304,819               272,635               904,302               788,088          
Intersegment Eliminations Trucking
    (38 )     0.0       (4 )     0.0       (116 )     0.0       (65 )     0.0  
Intersegment Eliminations Logistics
    (4,659 )     (1.5 )     (1,084 )     (0.4 )     (11,961 )     (1.3 )     (3,158 )     (0.4 )
Total
  $ 300,122       100 %   $ 271,547       100 %   $ 892,225       100 %   $ 784,865       100 %
                                                                 
Operating Income:
                                                               
Trucking Segment
  $ 42,710       92.0     $ 35,514       89.3     $ 122,800       91.4     $ 100,491       91.4  
Logistics Segment
    3,716       8.0       4,277       10.7       11,548       8.6       9,449       8.6  
Total
  $ 46,426       100 %   $ 39,791       100 %   $ 134,348       100 %   $ 109,940       100 %

Trucking Segment Information

The Trucking operating units operate large, modern, company-owned tractor fleets and use independent contractors to provide various transportation solutions, including multiple stop pick-ups and deliveries, dedicated equipment and personnel, on-time expedited pick-ups and deliveries, specialized driver training and other truckload services. Revenues are generally set at a predetermined rate per mile or per load for the Trucking services.  In addition, revenue streams are also generated by charging for tractor and trailer detention, loading and unloading activities, dedicated services, and other specialized services, as well as through the collection of fuel surcharges to mitigate the impact of increases in the cost of fuel.

The primary measure we use to evaluate the profitability of our Trucking segment is operating ratio, measured both on a GAAP basis (operating expenses expressed as a percentage of revenue) and on a non-GAAP basis that many in our industry use (Trucking operating expenses, net of Trucking fuel surcharge revenue, expressed as a percentage of Trucking revenue, excluding Trucking fuel surcharge revenue). We believe the second method allows us to more effectively compare periods while excluding the potentially volatile effect of changes in fuel prices.  Non-GAAP operating ratio is not a substitute for or superior to, and should be considered in addition to, the GAAP operating ratio. Pursuant to the requirements of the SEC's Regulation G, the tables below compare our operating ratio using both methods.

The following table sets forth the Trucking segment operating ratio on a GAAP basis (dollars in thousands).

 GAAP Presentation:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
 
Trucking Segment
   $       %      $       %      $       %      $       %  
Revenue
  $ 242,046             $ 217,848             $ 722,963             $ 639,571          
Operating expenses
    199,336       82.4       182,334       83.7       600,163       83.0       539,080       84.3  
Operating income
  $ 42,710             $ 35,514             $ 122,800             $ 100,491          
 
 
The following table sets forth the Trucking segment operating ratio as if fuel surcharges are excluded from total revenue and instead reported as a reduction of operating expenses, excluding intersegment activity (dollars in thousands).

Non-GAAP Presentation(1):
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
 
Trucking Segment
   $       %      $       %      $       %      $       %  
Revenue
  $ 242,046             $ 217,848             $ 722,963             $ 639,571          
Less: Trucking fuel surcharge revenue
    (30,192 )             (43,718 )             (96,458 )             (132,532 )        
Less: Intersegment transactions
    (38 )             (4 )             (116 )             (65 )        
Revenue, net of fuel surcharge and intersegment transactions
    211,816               174,126               626,389               506,974          
Operating expenses
    199,336               182,334               600,163               539,080          
Less: Trucking fuel surcharge revenue
    (30,192 )             (43,718 )             (96,458 )             (132,532 )        
Less: Intersegment transactions
    (38 )             (4 )             (116 )             (65 )        
Operating expenses, net of fuel surcharge and intersegment transactions
    169,106       79.8       138,612       79.6       503,589       80.4       406,483       80.2  
Operating income
  $ 42,710             $ 35,514             $ 122,800             $ 100,491          

(1)
These items represent non-GAAP financial measures and are not substitutes for or superior to, and should be considered in addition to, the GAAP financial measures presented in the previous table.  Although we believe that this non-GAAP presentation of our operating ratio can make an evaluation of our operating performance more consistent because it removes items that, in our opinion, do not reflect our core operating performance, other companies in the transportation industry may define the non-GAAP operating ratio differently.  As a result, it may be difficult to use non-GAAP measures that other companies may use to compare the performance of those companies to our performance.

Our Trucking segment requires substantial capital expenditures for purchases of new revenue equipment.  Total depreciation and amortization expense for the Trucking segment was approximately $27.2 million and $21.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense for the Trucking segment was approximately $79.7 million and $62.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

Logistics Segment Information

Logistics revenue is generated primarily by our Brokerage and Intermodal operating units, which charge a predetermined rate per mile or per load for arranging freight transportation for our customers. We also provide logistics, freight management and other non-trucking services to our customers through our Logistics business.   Additional revenue is generated by offering specialized logistics solutions (including, but not limited to, origin management, surge volumes, disaster relief, special projects, and other logistics needs).  Our Logistics revenue is mainly affected by the rates we obtain from customers, the freight volumes that we ship through our third-party capacity providers, and our ability to secure qualified third-party capacity providers to transport customer freight.


The following table sets forth the Logistics segment revenue, operating expenses, and operating income (dollars in thousands).

   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
 
Logistics Segment
   $       %      $       %      $       %      $       %  
Revenue
  $ 62,773             $ 54,787             $ 181,339             $ 148,517          
Operating expenses
    59,057       94.1       50,510       92.2       169,791       93.6       139,068       93.6  
Operating income
  $ 3,716             $ 4,277             $ 11,548             $ 9,449          

The following table sets forth the Logistics segment revenue, operating expenses, and operating income, excluding intersegment transactions (dollars in thousands).

   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
 
Logistics Segment
   $       %      $       %      $       %      $       %  
Revenue
  $ 62,773             $ 54,787             $ 181,339             $ 148,517          
Less: Intersegment transactions
    (4,659 )             (1,084 )             (11,961 )             (3,158 )        
Revenue excluding intersegment transactions
    58,114               53,703               169,378               145,359          
Operating expenses
    59,057               50,510               169,791               139,068          
Less: Intersegment transactions
    (4,659 )             (1,084 )             (11,961 )             (3,158 )        
Operating expenses excluding intersegment transactions
    54,398       93.6       49,426       92.0       157,830       93.2       135,910       93.5  
Operating income
  $ 3,716             $ 4,277             $ 11,548             $ 9,449          

We primarily measure the Logistics segment's profitability by reviewing the gross margin percentage (revenue net of intersegment elimination, less purchased transportation expense, expressed as a percentage of revenue, net of intersegment elimination) and the operating ratio.  The gross margin percentage can be affected by customer rates and the costs of securing third-party capacity providers.  Our third-party capacity providers generally are not subject to long-term or predetermined contracted rates, and our operating results could be affected if the availability of third-party capacity providers or the rates for such providers change in the future.

The following table lists the gross margin percentage for our Brokerage and Intermodal businesses combined.

 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
Combined Brokerage and Intermodal gross margin percentage(1)
16.0%
 
15.2%
 
16.1%
 
14.2%

(1)
Gross margin percentage is based on revenue, net of intersegment eliminations.
 

Our Logistics segment does not require significant capital expenditures and is not asset-intensive like our Trucking segment.  Total Logistics segment depreciation and amortization expense is primarily attributed to equipment leased to third parties, which was approximately $1.0 million and $1.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense for the Logistics segment was approximately $3.0 million and $3.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

No segmental asset or liability information is provided as we do not prepare balance sheets by segment, and the chief operating decision makers do not review segment assets to make operating decisions.

Note 5.                      Joint Ventures

In July 2014, we formed an Arizona limited liability company, Kool Trans, LLC, for the purpose of expanding our refrigerated trucking business. In October 2015, we amended the Articles of Organization to change the company name to Kold Trans, LLC. We are entitled to 80% of the profits of the entity and have effective control over the management of the entity. In accordance with ASC 810-10-15-8, Consolidation, we consolidate the financial activities of this entity into our consolidated financial statements. The noncontrolling interest for this entity is presented as a separate component of the consolidated financial statements.

In 2010, we partnered with a non-related investor to form an Arizona limited liability company for the purpose of sourcing commercial vehicle parts. We contributed $26,000 to acquire 52% ownership of this entity. In accordance with ASC 810-10-15-8, Consolidation, we consolidate the financial activities of this entity into our consolidated financial statements. The noncontrolling interest for this entity is presented as a separate component of our consolidated financial statements.

Note 6.                      Commitments and Contingencies

We are a party to certain claims and pending litigation arising in the normal course of business.  These proceedings primarily involve claims for personal injury, property damage, physical damage, and cargo loss incurred in the transportation of freight or for personnel matters, as well as certain class action litigation in which plaintiffs allege failure to provide meal and rest breaks, unpaid wages, unauthorized deductions, and other items.
 
We are insured against auto liability claims under a self-insured retention ("SIR") policy with retention ranging from $1.0 million to $3.0 million per occurrence and in some years, depending on the applicable policy year, we have been responsible for aggregate losses up to $1.5 million.  For the policy period March 1, 2015 to March 1, 2016, and February 1, 2014 to March 1, 2015, the SIR is $2.5 million with no additional responsibility for "aggregate" losses.   We have secured excess liability coverage up to $105.0 million per occurrence.  We also carry a $2.5 million aggregate deductible for any loss or losses that rise to the excess coverage layer.

We are self-insured for workers' compensation claims up to a maximum limit of $500,000 per occurrence.  We also maintain primary and excess coverage for employee medical expenses and hospitalization, with self-insured retention of $225,000 per claimant.

We are a defendant in a class action lawsuit which was filed on May 8, 2008, in the California Superior Court for Tulare County. The plaintiffs, who are current and former drivers and who worked for us during the period of May 8, 2004 through August 6, 2015, allege claims for failure to provide meal periods, inaccurate itemized pay statements and other items under the California Labor Code.  During the second quarter of 2015, we reached a preliminary settlement with the plaintiffs. Should the settlement not be approved by the court, further negotiations may take place that could result in a different settlement, or the case may continue on to trial, which could result in a judgment for a different amount.
 
 
We are also a defendant in a class action lawsuit which was filed on June 10, 2010, in the Oregon Circuit Court for Multnomah County. The plaintiffs, who are current and former drivers who worked for us during the period of June 10, 2004 through June 10, 2010, allege the Company failed to pay minimum wage for attending pre-employment orientation and failed to pay minimum wage for work performed during certain pay periods after the start of employment. On July 2, 2015, the court, following a bench trial, issued a decision finding that we failed to pay minimum wage to some class members for work performed during certain pay periods and assessed statutory penalties and prejudgment interest related to our failure to comply with minimum wage obligations. A final judgment has not yet been entered. Shortly after the end of the third quarter of 2015, we reached a preliminary settlement with the plaintiffs and the current and former drivers who worked for us during the period June 11, 2010 through September 30, 2015. Should the settlement not be approved by the court, further negotiations may take place that could result in a different settlement, or a final judgment may be entered, which could result in a judgment for a different amount.
 
As a result of the California settlement and the Oregon decision, during the second quarter of 2015, we accrued a total of $7.2 million, including the plaintiffs’ estimated attorneys’ fees and related costs and excluding attorneys’ fees and costs related to our defense, in our condensed consolidated financial statements. We had previously accrued $0.2 million as of December 31, 2014 related to these cases.

Based on claims resolved this quarter, and our present knowledge of the facts and in certain cases, advice of outside counsel, management believes the resolution of open claims and pending litigation, taking into account existing reserves, is not likely to have a materially adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements. 

At September 30, 2015, we carried a contingent liability of $3.5 million in “accrued liabilities” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet, for a one-time earn-out relating to our October 2014 acquisition of Barr-Nunn Transportation Inc. (“Barr-Nunn”). The earn-out was provided for in the stock purchase agreement in connection with the Barr-Nunn acquisition, and was subject to achievement of an operating income target for Barr-Nunn and retention of certain Barr-Nunn key personnel for the four fiscal quarters ended September 30, 2015. This contingent liability was estimated as of the date of acquisition. All contingencies were satisfied, and accordingly, the earn-out was paid in full in October 2015.

Note 7.                      Dividends

In August 2015, we announced a cash dividend of $0.06 per share of our common stock which was paid in September 2015. Future payment of cash dividends, and the amount of any such dividends, will depend upon our financial condition, results of operations, cash requirements, tax treatment, and certain corporate law requirements, as well as other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.

Note 8.                      Property and Equipment

To ensure that our facilities remain modern and efficient, we periodically have facility upgrades, or new construction, in process at our various service center locations or corporate headquarters. Until these projects are completed, we consider these to be assets not yet placed in service and they are not depreciated.  Once they are placed into service, we depreciate them according to our depreciation policy. At September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, we had approximately $8.8 million and $6.9 million, respectively, of facility construction in process assets included under "Buildings and building improvements” on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Note 9.                      Goodwill and Intangibles, net

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of our acquisitions over the fair value of the net assets acquired. The tax benefit from the recognition on the tax return of the amortization of the excess tax goodwill over book goodwill is treated as a reduction in the book basis of goodwill.
 
 
In conjunction with our acquisitions, identifiable intangible assets subject to amortization have been recorded at fair value and are being amortized over a weighted-average amortization period of 7.6 years. The gross carrying amount of these intangible assets at September 30, 2015, and December 31, 2014 was $3.7 million, and the accumulated amortization balance was $0.5 million and $0.1 million, respectively. Amortization expense associated with these intangible assets is included in “Depreciation and amortization” on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income. Future amortization expense for intangible assets is estimated at $0.1 million for the remainder of 2015, and $0.5 million for each of the years 2016 through 2019.

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, and intangible assets, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, are as follows:
 
   
Goodwill
   
Intangibles
 
   
(in thousands)
 
Balance at December 31, 2014
  $ 47,067     $ 3,575  
Amortization relating to deferred tax assets
    (12 )     -  
Amortization expense
    -       (375 )
Balance at September 30, 2015
  $ 47,055     $ 3,200  

Note 10.                      Investments and Related Commitments

In 2003, we signed a partnership agreement with Transportation Resource Partners ("TRP"), a company that makes privately negotiated equity investments. Per the original partnership agreement, we committed to invest $5.0 million in TRP. In 2006, we increased the commitment amount to $5.5 million. No gain or loss was recognized in the three months ended September 30, 2015 or 2014 from TRP investment activity. In the nine months ended September 30, 2015, we recognized a net gain of $122,000 from TRP investment activity, and a net gain of $519,000 in the same nine months of 2014. The carrying value of our investment in TRP was $477,000 at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. Our investment in TRP is accounted for using the cost method, and the balance is included within "Other long-term assets, restricted cash, and investments" on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

In 2008, we formed Knight Capital Growth, LLC and committed $15.0 million to invest in a new partnership managed and operated by the managers and principals of TRP. The new partnership, Transportation Resource Partners III, LP ("TRP III"), is focused on investment opportunities similar to TRP. As of September 30, 2015, we have contributed approximately $11.0 million to TRP III, leaving an outstanding commitment of $4.0 million. Our investment in TRP III is accounted for using the equity method. For the three months ended September 30, 2015, we recorded income of approximately $204,000, for our investment in TRP III, and $1.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014. For the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, we recognized income of $443,000, and $3.5 million, respectively, for TRP III. The carrying value of our investment in TRP III was $5.8 million and $5.4 million as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, and is included within "Other long-term assets, restricted cash, and investments" on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

In July 2015, we committed to invest in a new partnership, TRP Capital Partners, LP. The new partnership is managed and operated by the managers and principals of TRP and TRP III, and is focused on similar investment opportunities. We committed to contribute a total of $4.9 million to the new partnership, and no contribution has been made as of September 30, 2015.

Note 11.                      Marketable Equity Securities

We have certain marketable equity securities classified as available-for-sale securities, which are recorded at fair value with unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, as a component of "Accumulated other comprehensive income" in shareholders' equity on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Realized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are included in the determination of net income. We use specific identification to determine the cost of securities sold, or amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings and included in “Other income” on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income.
 
 
The following table shows our realized gains during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 on certain securities that were held as available-for-sale.
 
   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2015
   
2014
   
2015
   
2014
 
   
(in thousands)
   
(in thousands)
 
Realized gains
                       
Sales proceeds
  $ 3,151     $ 2,796     $ 9,339     $ 4,697  
Cost of securities sold
    1,021       1,352       2,670       2,350  
Realized gain
  $ 2,130     $ 1,444     $ 6,669     $ 2,347  
                                 
Realized gains, net of taxes
  $ 1,307     $ 892     $ 4,093     $ 1,450  
 
As of September 30, 2015, our available-for-sale equity investments included in "Other long-term assets and restricted cash and investments" on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets, was approximately $9.9 million, including gross unrealized gains of approximately $5.7 million or $3.5 million (net of tax). As of December 31, 2014, our available-for-sale investment balance was approximately $26.9 million, including gross unrealized gains of approximately $20.0 million or $12.2 million (net of tax).

Note 12.                      Assets Held for Sale

Revenue equipment that is not utilized in continuing operations and is held for sale is classified as "Assets held for sale" on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.  Assets held for sale at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, totaled $18.0 million and $23.2 million, respectively. Assets held for sale are no longer subject to depreciation, and are recorded at the lower of depreciated carrying value or fair market value less selling costs. We expect to sell these assets and replace them with new assets within twelve months of being classified as "Assets held for sale."

Note 13.                      Income Taxes

We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. For interim reporting purposes, our income tax provisions are recorded based on the estimated annual effective tax rate. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse.  The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

We record net deferred tax assets to the extent we believe these assets will more likely than not be realized. In making such determination, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies, and recent financial operations.  A valuation allowance for deferred tax assets has not been deemed necessary due to our profitable operations.

We recognize a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits. We file federal and state income tax returns with varying statutes of limitations. The 2012 through 2014 tax years remain subject to examination by federal and most state tax authorities, and the 2010 through 2014 tax years remain subject to examination by some state tax authorities.  We believe that our income tax filing positions and deductions will be sustained on audit and do not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material change to our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.  Our policy is to recognize interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense.  We have not recorded any unrecognized tax benefits at September 30, 2015 or December 31, 2014.
 
 
Note 14.                      Company Share Repurchase Programs

In May 2011, our Board of Directors unanimously authorized the repurchase of 10.0 million shares of our common stock. The repurchase authorization is intended to afford flexibility to acquire shares opportunistically in future periods and does not indicate an intention to repurchase any particular number of shares within a definite timeframe.  Any repurchases would be effected based upon share price and market conditions.

Under the share repurchase program, we repurchased 564,016 shares for $15.0 million in the three months ended September 30, 2015, and 1,606,790 shares for $45.3 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2015. As of September 30, 2015, there were 5,831,766 shares remaining for future purchases under our repurchase program. The repurchase authorization will remain in effect until the share limit is reached or the program is terminated.

Note 15.                      Fair Value Measurements

Our assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on principles set forth in ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure, for recurring and non-recurring fair value measurements of financial and non-financial assets and liabilities. This standard defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This standard establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the significant inputs used to determine fair value.  Observable inputs are those which are obtained from market participants external to us while unobservable inputs are generally developed internally, utilizing management's estimates, assumptions, and specific knowledge of the nature of the assets or liabilities and related markets.  The three levels are defined as follows:

Level 1 – Inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that we have the ability to access at the measurement date. An active market is defined as a market in which transactions for the assets or liabilities occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

Level 2 – Inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active (markets with few transactions), inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (i.e., interest rates, yield curves, etc.), and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data correlation or other means (market corroborated inputs).

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs, only used to the extent that observable inputs are not available, reflect our assumptions about the pricing of an asset or liability.
 
 
In accordance with the fair value hierarchy described above, the following table shows the fair value of our financial assets and liabilities that are required to be measured at fair value as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. 

   
Total
   
Total
   
Level One
   
Level Two
   
Level Three
 
   
Balance at
September 30, 2015
   
Balance at
December 31,
2014
   
Balance at
September 30, 2015
   
Balance at
December 31,
2014
   
Balance at
September 30, 2015
   
Balance at
December 31,
2014
   
Balance at
September 30, 2015
   
Balance at
December 31,
2014
 
   
(in thousands)
 
Assets:
                                               
Available-for-sale securities:
                                               
Equity securities - common shares
  $ 9,888     $ 26,884     $ 9,888     $ 26,884       -       -       -       -  
Restricted cash and investments:
                                                         
Money market funds
  $ 988     $ 1,027     $ 988     $ 1,027       -       -       -       -  
Trading securities:
                                                               
Debt securities - municipal securities
  $ 2,301     $ 2,237       -       -     $ 2,301     $ 2,237       -       -  

Note 16.                      Notes Receivable

We provide financing to independent contractors and third parties on equipment sold or leased under our equipment sale program. Most of the notes are collateralized and are due in weekly installments, comprised of principal and interest payments. Interest rates are determined in the contracts and generally range from 2% to 20%.

The notes receivable balances are classified separately between current and long-term on the consolidated balance sheets.  The current and long-term balance of our notes receivable at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, are as follows:

   
September 30,
2015
   
December 31,
2014
 
   
(in thousands)
 
Notes receivable from independent contractors
  $ 797     $ 1,554  
Notes receivable from third parties
    3,674       3,882  
Gross notes receivable
    4,471       5,436  
Allowance for doubtful notes receivable
    (281 )     (351 )
Total notes receivable, net of allowance
    4,190       5,085  
                 
Current portion, net of allowance
    731       1,020  
Long-term portion
  $ 3,459     $ 4,065  
 
 
Note 17.                      Line of Credit

We maintain a revolving line of credit which permits revolving borrowings and letters of credit.  The line of credit is maintained at $300.0 million and matures December 1, 2017. We incur interest on borrowings under the line of credit at either the prime rate or LIBOR plus 0.625%, determined by us at the time of borrowing. We had $120.0 million outstanding under the line of credit as of September 30, 2015, compared to $134.4 million as of December 31, 2014.  The weighted average variable annual percentage rate ("APR") for amounts borrowed during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was 0.89%.  Borrowings under the line of credit are recorded in the "Long-term debt" line of the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.  As of September 30, 2015, we also utilized $27.2 million of the line of credit for letters of credit issued to various regulatory authorities in connection with our self-insurance programs.  With the outstanding letters of credit and debt borrowed, we have $152.8 million available for future borrowings as of September 30, 2015.  After consideration of fees incurred for the unused portion of our line of credit, our weighted average variable APR for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 was 1.10%. We are obligated to comply with certain financial and other covenants under the line of credit agreement and were in compliance with such covenants at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

Note 18.                      Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued ASU 2014-12, Stock Compensation - Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could Be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period. The amendments in this update require performance targets that could be achieved after the requisite service period be treated as performance conditions that affect the vesting of the award. The amendment is effective as of January 1, 2016, and we do not expect it to have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The main objective of this update is to require revenue recognition to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which we expect to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance in this update supersedes virtually all present U.S. GAAP guidance on revenue recognition. The amendments to the standard require the use of more estimates and judgments than the present standards and require additional disclosures. In July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date for the revenue recognition standard. The accounting standard will now be effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. We are currently evaluating this standard and our existing revenue recognition policies to determine which of our customer arrangements in the scope of the guidance will be affected by the new requirements and what impact they would have on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption of this standard.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains certain statements that may be considered "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and such statements are subject to the safe harbor created by those sections and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended.  All statements, other than statements of historical fact, are statements that could be deemed forward-looking statements, including without limitation: any projections of revenues, earnings, cash flows, dividends, capital expenditures, or other financial items; any statement of plans, strategies, and objectives of management for future operations; any statements concerning proposed acquisition plans, new services or developments; any statements regarding general trucking industry issues,  the average age of our tractors and trailers, truckload freight demand and supply, equipment utilization, future rate increases, driver recruiting and retention costs, including driver pay, fuel cost and efficiency, new and used equipment prices, purchased transportation expense, working capital needs, liquidity constraints, investment income, and pending litigation; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; and any statements of belief and any statement of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.  Words such as expects,” “estimates,” “projects,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “goals,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “potential,” “continue,” “future” and variations of these words, or similar expressions, terms, or phrases, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on currently available operating, financial, and competitive information.  Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks, assumptions, and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified, which could cause future events and actual results to differ materially from those set forth in, contemplated by, or underlying the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the section entitled "Item 1A. Risk Factors," set forth in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, along with any supplements in Part II below. Readers should review and consider the factors that may affect future results and other disclosures by us in our press releases, Form 10-K for our most recent fiscal year, and other filings with the SEC.
 
 
All such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Form 10-Q.  You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.  We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in the events, conditions, or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

Introduction

Business Overview

We offer a broad range of full truckload transportation and logistics services with one of North America's largest tractor fleets, operated through a nationwide network of service centers, and contractual access to thousands of third-party capacity providers.  We have continued to grow our revenue by increasing the geographic reach of our service center network and by expanding the breadth of our services for customers.  Our Trucking segment provides truckload transportation, including dedicated services, of various products, goods, and materials for our diverse customer base through our Dry Van, Refrigerated, and Drayage operating units.  The Brokerage and Intermodal operating units of our Logistics segment provide a multitude of shipment solutions, including additional sources of truckload capacity and alternative transportation modes, by utilizing our vast network of third-party capacity providers and rail providers, as well as certain logistics, freight management, and other non-trucking services.  Our objective is to operate our Trucking and Logistics business with industry-leading margins and growth while providing safe, high-quality, cost-effective solutions for our customers.

The main factors that affect our results are industry-wide economic factors, such as freight demand, truckload and rail intermodal capacity, fuel prices, the number of tractors we operate, our revenue per tractor (which includes primarily our revenue per total mile and our number of miles per tractor), freight volumes brokered to third-party capacity providers (including our rail providers), driver and independent contractor recruitment and retention, and our ability to control costs on a company-wide basis.  Our success depends on our ability to efficiently and effectively manage our resources in providing transportation and logistics solutions to our customers in light of such factors.  We evaluate the growth opportunities for each of our Trucking and Logistics segments based on customer demand and supply chain trends, availability of drivers and third-party capacity providers, expected returns on invested capital, expected net cash flows, and our company-specific capabilities.

Recent Consolidated Results of Operations and Quarter-End Financial Condition

Our consolidated results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014, were as follows:

Total Revenue increased 10.5%, to $300.1 million from $271.5 million;
   
Revenue, before fuel surcharge, increased 18.5%, to $269.9 million from $227.8 million;
   
Net income attributable to Knight increased 20.6%, to $30.3 million from $25.1 million; and
   
Net earnings attributable to Knight per diluted share increased to $0.37 per share from $0.31 per share.
 
 
We grew our consolidated revenues and improved our operating income despite a less robust freight demand environment in the third quarter of 2015, than the same period in 2014. Our efforts to improve yield and drive operational efficiencies, provide industry-leading service, and intensify our cost control efforts also contributed to the positive quarterly results.

During the third quarter of 2015, our Trucking segment increased revenue, excluding trucking fuel surcharge, 21.6%, and improved operating income 20.3%.  Productivity, as measured by average revenue per tractor, before fuel surcharge, increased 1.8% in the third quarter of 2015 compared to the third quarter of 2014.  This improvement resulted from a 4.6% improvement in revenue per loaded mile and a 2.6% increase in length of haul, slightly offset by a 0.2% decrease in average miles per tractor, and increased non-paid empty mile percent. Our Trucking segment operating ratio (Trucking operating expenses, net of Trucking fuel surcharge, expressed as a percentage of Trucking revenue, before Trucking fuel surcharge), which is a non-GAAP measurement, was 79.8% for the quarter ended September 30, 2015 compared to 79.6% for the same quarter in 2014.

Our Logistics segment continued to grow in the third quarter of 2015 by increasing revenue 8.2%. Our brokerage business, the largest component of our Logistics segment, increased revenue 11.7%, with an 8.8% improvement in operating income, when compared to the same quarter last year. Load volume in the brokerage business increased 64.8%, while revenue per load was negatively impacted primarily by lower fuel surcharge and a shorter length of haul in the third quarter of 2015 compared to the same quarter last year. Our Logistics segment operating ratio was 93.6%, and 92.0% for the third quarter of 2015 and 2014, respectively.

In the third quarter of 2015, we returned $19.9 million to our shareholders in the form of quarterly cash dividends of $4.9 million, and stock repurchases of $15.0 million. We ended the quarter with $712.6 million of shareholders' equity. In the third quarter of 2015, we generated $49.2 million in cash flow from operations and used $69.2 million for capital expenditures net of equipment sales.

Our liquidity is not materially affected by off-balance sheet transactions.  See the discussion under "Liquidity and Capital Resources" for a description of our off-balance sheet transactions.

Consolidated Revenue and Expenses

We primarily generate revenue by transporting freight for our customers in our Trucking segment or arranging for the transportation of customer freight in our Logistics segment.  Our operating revenue is reported under "Results of Operations" and categorized as (i) Trucking revenue, net of fuel surcharge, (ii) Trucking fuel surcharge revenue, and (iii) Logistics revenue.  Trucking revenue, net of fuel surcharge, and Trucking fuel surcharge revenue is largely generated by the trucking services provided by our three Trucking operating units (Dry Van, Refrigerated, and Drayage) whereas Logistics revenue is mostly generated by the logistics services provided by our two Logistics operating units (Brokerage and Intermodal). We also provide logistics, freight management, sourcing, and other non-trucking services, such as used equipment sales and leasing to independent contractors and third-parties, through our Logistics business.
 
 
The operating revenue and operating expenses of our Trucking and Logistics segments are similarly affected by certain factors that generally relate to, among other things, overall economic and weather conditions in the United States, customer inventory levels, specific customer demand, the levels of truckload and rail intermodal capacity, and availability of qualified drivers, independent contractors, and third-party capacity providers.

To lessen our risk related to fuel price fluctuations in our Trucking segment, we have a fuel surcharge program under which we obtain from our customers additional fuel surcharges that generally recover a majority, but not all, of the increased fuel costs; however, we cannot ensure that current recovery levels will continue in the future.  In discussing our overall and segment-based results of operations, because changes in fuel costs typically cause fuel surcharge revenue to fluctuate, we identify Trucking fuel surcharge revenue separately and omit fuel surcharge revenue from our statistical calculations.  We believe that omitting this potentially volatile source of revenue provides a more meaningful comparison of our operating results from period to period.

The following table sets forth revenue and operating income between the Trucking and Logistics segments for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (dollars in thousands).

   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
 
Revenues:
   $       %      $       %      $       %      $       %  
Trucking Segment
  $ 242,046       80.6     $ 217,848       80.2     $ 722,963       81.0     $ 639,571       81.5  
Logistics Segment
    62,773       20.9       54,787       20.2       181,339       20.3       148,517       18.9  
Subtotal
    304,819               272,635               904,302               788,088          
Intersegment Eliminations Trucking
    (38 )     0.0       (4 )     0.0       (116 )     0.0       (65 )     0.0  
Intersegment Eliminations Logistics
    (4,659 )     (1.5 )     (1,084 )     (0.4 )     (11,961 )     (1.3 )     (3,158 )     (0.4 )
Total
  $ 300,122       100 %   $ 271,547       100 %   $ 892,225       100 %   $ 784,865       100 %
                                                                 
Operating Income:
                                                               
Trucking Segment
  $ 42,710       92.0     $ 35,514       89.3     $ 122,800       91.4     $ 100,491       91.4  
Logistics Segment
    3,716       8.0       4,277       10.7       11,548       8.6       9,449       8.6  
Total
  $ 46,426       100 %   $ 39,791       100 %   $ 134,348       100 %   $ 109,940       100 %

Trucking Strategy and Segment Information

Our Trucking operating strategy is to achieve a high level of asset utilization within a highly disciplined operating system while maintaining strict controls over our cost structure.  To achieve these goals, we operate primarily in high-density, predictable freight lanes in select geographic regions and attempt to develop and expand our customer base around each of our service centers by providing multiple truckload services for each customer.  This operating strategy allows us to take advantage of the large amount of freight transported in regional markets.  Our service centers enable us to better serve our customers and work more closely with our driving associates.  We operate a premium, modern fleet to appeal to drivers and customers, reduce maintenance expenses and driver and equipment downtime, and enhance our fuel and other operating efficiencies.  We employ technology in a cost-effective manner to assist us in controlling operating costs and in enhancing revenue.

Trucking revenue is generated by our Dry Van, Refrigerated, and Drayage operating units.  Generally, we are paid a predetermined rate per mile or per load for our Trucking services.  Additional revenues are generated by charging for tractor and trailer detention, loading and unloading activities, dedicated services, and other specialized services, as well as through the collection of fuel surcharges to mitigate the impact of increases in the cost of fuel.  The main factors that affect our Trucking revenue are the revenue per mile we receive from our customers, the percentage of miles for which we are compensated, and the number of loaded miles we generate with our equipment.
 
 
Effectively controlling our expenses is an important element of maximizing our profitability.  The most significant expenses of our Trucking segment are primarily variable and include fuel and fuel taxes, driver-related expenses (such as wages, benefits, training, and recruitment) and costs associated with independent contractors (which are primarily included in purchased transportation expense recorded on the "Purchased transportation" line of our condensed consolidated statements of income).  Expenses that have both fixed and variable components include maintenance expense (which includes costs for replacement tires for our revenue equipment) and our total cost of insurance and claims.  These expenses generally vary with the miles we travel but also have a controllable component based on safety, fleet age, efficiency, and other factors.  The main fixed costs for our Trucking segment are the acquisition and depreciation of long-term assets (such as revenue equipment and service centers) and the compensation of non-driver personnel.

The primary measure we use to evaluate the profitability of our Trucking segment is operating ratio, measured both on a GAAP basis (operating expenses expressed as a percentage of revenue) and on a non-GAAP basis that many in our industry use (Trucking operating expenses, net of Trucking fuel surcharge revenue, expressed as a percentage of Trucking revenue, excluding Trucking fuel surcharge revenue). We believe the second method allows us to more effectively compare periods while excluding the potentially volatile effect of changes in fuel prices.  Non-GAAP operating ratio is not a substitute for or superior to, and should be considered in addition to, the GAAP operating ratio. Pursuant to the requirements of the SEC's Regulation G, the tables below compare our operating ratio using both methods.

The following table sets forth the Trucking segment operating ratio on a GAAP basis (dollars in thousands).

 GAAP Presentation:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2014
 
Trucking Segment
   $       %      $       %      $       %      $       %  
Revenue
  $ 242,046             $ 217,848             $ 722,963             $ 639,571          
Operating expenses
    199,336       82.4       182,334       83.7       600,163       83.0       539,080       84.3  
Operating income
  $ 42,710             $ 35,514             $ 122,800             $ 100,491          

The following table sets forth the Trucking segment operating ratio as if fuel surcharges are excluded from total revenue and instead reported as a reduction of operating expenses, excluding intersegment activity (dollars in thousands).

Non-GAAP Presentation(1):
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2015
   
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2014
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2015