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EX-31.3 - EXHIBIT 31.3 - AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES INCexhibit313093015.htm
EX-32.4 - EXHIBIT 32.4 - AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES INCexhibit324093015.htm
EX-31.4 - EXHIBIT 31.4 - AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES INCexhibit314093015.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES INCexhibit311093015.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES INCexhibit312093015.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES INCexhibit321093015.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES INCexhibit322093015.htm
EX-32.3 - EXHIBIT 32.3 - AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES INCexhibit323093015.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2015.   
 
o Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the Transition Period From ______________________ to _________________________
  
Commission file number 001-32265 (American Campus Communities, Inc.)
Commission file number 333-181102-01 (American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P.)
 
AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC.
AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 Maryland (American Campus Communities, Inc.)
Maryland (American Campus Communities Operating
Partnership, L.P.)
 
 76-0753089 (American Campus Communities, Inc.)
56-2473181 (American Campus Communities Operating
Partnership, L.P.)
 (State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
12700 Hill Country Blvd., Suite T-200
Austin, TX
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
 
78738
(Zip Code)
 
(512) 732-1000
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
American Campus Communities, Inc.
Yes x  No o
American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P.
Yes x  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
American Campus Communities, Inc.
Yes x  No o
American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P.
Yes x  No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
American Campus Communities, Inc.                                                                                                                                    
Large accelerated filer x  
Accelerated Filer o



Non-accelerated filer   o     (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) 
Smaller reporting company o

American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P.
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated Filer o
Non-accelerated filer   x     (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) 
Smaller reporting company o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
American Campus Communities, Inc.
Yes o  No x
American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P
Yes o  No x
                                                                                           
There were 112,329,389 shares of the American Campus Communities, Inc.’s common stock with a par value of $0.01 per share outstanding as of the close of business on November 2, 2015.
 



EXPLANATORY NOTE
 
This report combines the reports on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2015 of American Campus Communities, Inc. and American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P.  Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to “ACC” mean American Campus Communities, Inc., a Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”), and references to “ACCOP” mean American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P., a Maryland limited partnership.  References to the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” mean collectively ACC, ACCOP and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by ACC and/or ACCOP.  References to the “Operating Partnership” mean collectively ACCOP and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by ACCOP. The following chart illustrates the Company’s and the Operating Partnership’s corporate structure:
 

The general partner of ACCOP is American Campus Communities Holdings, LLC (“ACC Holdings”), an entity that is wholly-owned by ACC. As of September 30, 2015, ACC Holdings held an ownership interest in ACCOP of less than 1%. The limited partners of ACCOP are ACC and other limited partners consisting of current and former members of management and nonaffiliated third parties.  As of September 30, 2015, ACC owned an approximate 98.6% limited partnership interest in ACCOP.  As the sole member of the general partner of ACCOP, ACC has exclusive control of ACCOP’s day-to-day management.  Management operates the Company and the Operating Partnership as one business. The management of ACC consists of the same members as the management of ACCOP. The Company is structured as an umbrella partnership REIT (“UPREIT”) and ACC contributes all net proceeds from its various equity offerings to the Operating Partnership. In return for those contributions, ACC receives a number of units of the Operating Partnership (“OP Units,” see definition below) equal to the number of common shares it has issued in the equity offering. Contributions of properties to the Company can be structured as tax-deferred transactions through the issuance of OP Units in the Operating Partnership. Based on the terms of ACCOP’s partnership agreement, OP Units can be exchanged for ACC’s common shares on a one-for-one basis. The Company maintains a one-for-one relationship between the OP Units of the Operating Partnership issued to ACC and ACC Holdings and the common shares issued to the public. The Company believes that combining the reports on Form 10-Q of ACC and ACCOP into this single report provides the following benefits:
 
(1)
enhances investors’ understanding of the Company and the Operating Partnership by enabling investors to view the business as a whole in the same manner as management views and operates the business;
(2)
eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined and readable presentation since a substantial portion of the disclosure applies to both the Company and the Operating Partnership; and
(3)
creates time and cost efficiencies through the preparation of one combined report instead of two separate reports.




ACC consolidates ACCOP for financial reporting purposes, and ACC essentially has no assets or liabilities other than its investment in ACCOP. Therefore, the assets and liabilities of the Company and the Operating Partnership are the same on their respective financial statements. However, the Company believes it is important to understand the few differences between the Company and the Operating Partnership in the context of how the entities operate as a consolidated company. All of the Company’s property ownership, development and related business operations are conducted through the Operating Partnership. ACC also issues public equity from time to time and guarantees certain debt of ACCOP, as disclosed in this report. ACC does not have any indebtedness, as all debt is incurred by the Operating Partnership. The Operating Partnership holds substantially all of the assets of the Company, including the Company’s ownership interests in its joint ventures. The Operating Partnership conducts the operations of the business and is structured as a partnership with no publicly traded equity.  Except for the net proceeds from ACC’s equity offerings, which are contributed to the capital of ACCOP in exchange for OP Units on a one-for-one common share per OP Unit basis, the Operating Partnership generates all remaining capital required by the Company’s business. These sources include, but are not limited to, the Operating Partnership’s working capital, net cash provided by operating activities, borrowings under its credit facility, and proceeds received from the disposition of certain properties.  Noncontrolling interests, stockholders’ equity, and partners’ capital are the main areas of difference between the consolidated financial statements of the Company and those of the Operating Partnership. The noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership’s financial statements consist of the interests of unaffiliated partners in various consolidated joint ventures. The noncontrolling interests in the Company’s financial statements include the same noncontrolling interests at the Operating Partnership level and OP Unit holders of the Operating Partnership. The differences between stockholders’ equity and partners’ capital result from differences in the equity issued at the Company and Operating Partnership levels.
 
To help investors understand the significant differences between the Company and the Operating Partnership, this report provides separate consolidated financial statements for the Company and the Operating Partnership. A single set of consolidated notes to such financial statements is presented that includes separate discussions for the Company and the Operating Partnership when applicable (for example, noncontrolling interests, stockholders’ equity or partners’ capital, earnings per share or unit, etc.).  A combined Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section is also included that presents discrete information related to each entity, as applicable. This report also includes separate Part I, Item 4 Controls and Procedures sections and separate Exhibits 31 and 32 certifications for each of the Company and the Operating Partnership in order to establish that the requisite certifications have been made and that the Company and the Operating Partnership are compliant with Rule 13a-15 or Rule 15d-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. §1350.
 
In order to highlight the differences between the Company and the Operating Partnership, the separate sections in this report for the Company and the Operating Partnership specifically refer to the Company and the Operating Partnership. In the sections that combine disclosure of the Company and the Operating Partnership, this report refers to actions or holdings as being actions or holdings of the Company. Although the Operating Partnership is generally the entity that directly or indirectly enters into contracts and joint ventures and holds assets and debt, reference to the Company is appropriate because the Company operates its business through the Operating Partnership. The separate discussions of the Company and the Operating Partnership in this report should be read in conjunction with each other to understand the results of the Company on a consolidated basis and how management operates the Company.
 



FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2015
 TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
PAGE NO.
 
 
PART I.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Consolidated Financial Statements of American Campus Communities, Inc. and Subsidiaries:
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2015 (unaudited) and December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (all unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (all unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Financial Statements of American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P. and Subsidiaries:
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2015 (unaudited) and December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (all unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Capital for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (all unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of American Campus Communities, Inc. and Subsidiaries and American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P. and Subsidiaries (unaudited)
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk
 
 
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
 
PART II.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
 
 
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
 
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
 
 
Item 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
 
 
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
 
 
Item 5.
Other Information
 
 
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
 
 
SIGNATURES
 


AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share data)



 
 
September 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in real estate:
 
 
 
 
Wholly-owned properties, net
 
$
5,537,735

 
$
5,308,707

Wholly-owned properties held for sale
 

 
131,014

On-campus participating properties, net
 
91,351

 
94,128

Investments in real estate, net
 
5,629,086

 
5,533,849

 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
45,230

 
25,062

Restricted cash
 
36,380

 
31,937

Student contracts receivable, net
 
24,129

 
10,145

Other assets
 
291,277

 
233,755

 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
6,026,102

 
$
5,834,748

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and equity
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Secured mortgage, construction and bond debt
 
$
1,123,651

 
$
1,331,914

Unsecured notes
 
1,197,678

 
798,305

Unsecured term loans
 
600,000

 
600,000

Unsecured revolving credit facility
 

 
242,500

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
81,020

 
70,629

Other liabilities
 
167,357

 
121,645

Total liabilities
 
3,169,706

 
3,164,993

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
Redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
59,969

 
54,472

 
 
 
 
 
Equity:
 
 

 
 

American Campus Communities, Inc. and Subsidiaries stockholders’ equity:
 
 

 
 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, $800,000,000 shares authorized, 112,329,389 and 107,175,236 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
 
1,123

 
1,072

Additional paid in capital
 
3,326,515

 
3,102,540

Accumulated earnings and dividends
 
(533,708
)
 
(487,986
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(8,207
)
 
(6,072
)
Total American Campus Communities, Inc. and Subsidiaries stockholders’ equity
 
2,785,723

 
2,609,554

Noncontrolling interests - partially owned properties
 
10,704

 
5,729

Total equity
 
2,796,427

 
2,615,283

 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and equity
 
$
6,026,102

 
$
5,834,748

 


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

1

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share data)


 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015

2014
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wholly-owned properties
 
$
170,275

 
$
171,816

 
$
517,641

 
$
506,822

On-campus participating properties
 
6,565

 
5,786

 
21,469

 
18,709

Third-party development services
 
937

 
1,856

 
3,178

 
3,624

Third-party management services
 
2,261

 
1,769

 
6,586

 
5,751

Resident services
 
778

 
709

 
2,309

 
2,190

Total revenues
 
180,816

 
181,936

 
551,183

 
537,096

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Wholly-owned properties
 
96,411

 
98,232

 
252,672

 
250,074

On-campus participating properties
 
3,557

 
3,003

 
9,167

 
8,265

Third-party development and management services
 
3,555

 
2,988

 
10,554

 
8,589

General and administrative
 
5,086

 
4,700

 
15,667

 
13,957

Depreciation and amortization
 
51,874

 
49,576

 
154,103

 
146,201

Ground/facility leases
 
1,782

 
2,206

 
5,841

 
5,351

Provision for real estate impairment
 

 
2,377

 

 
2,377

Total operating expenses
 
162,265

 
163,082

 
448,004

 
434,814

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
18,551

 
18,854

 
103,179

 
102,282

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonoperating income and (expenses)
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest income
 
1,099

 
1,055

 
3,296

 
3,123

Interest expense
 
(21,053
)
 
(23,794
)
 
(63,627
)
 
(65,873
)
Amortization of deferred financing costs
 
(1,315
)
 
(1,543
)
 
(4,032
)
 
(4,503
)
Gain (loss) from disposition of real estate
 
4,657

 
(67
)
 
52,699

 
(67
)
Loss from early extinguishment of debt
 

 

 
(1,770
)
 

Other nonoperating income
 
388

 

 
388

 

Total nonoperating expenses
 
(16,224
)
 
(24,349
)
 
(13,046
)
 
(67,320
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) before income taxes and discontinued operations
 
2,327

 
(5,495
)
 
90,133

 
34,962

Income tax provision
 
(311
)
 
(290
)
 
(932
)
 
(869
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
2,016

 
(5,785
)
 
89,201

 
34,093

Discontinued operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss attributable to discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
(123
)
Gain from disposition of real estate
 

 

 

 
2,843

Total discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
2,720

Net income (loss)
 
2,016

 
(5,785
)
 
89,201

 
36,813

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(69
)
 
19

 
(1,062
)
 
(567
)
Partially owned properties
 
(92
)
 
(81
)
 
(507
)
 
(257
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(161
)
 
(62
)
 
(1,569
)
 
(824
)
Net income (loss) attributable to ACC, Inc. and
   Subsidiaries common stockholders
 
$
1,855

 
$
(5,847
)
 
$
87,632

 
$
35,989

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Change in fair value of interest rate swaps
 
(1,420
)
 
2,073

 
(2,443
)
 
(3,797
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
435

 
$
(3,774
)
 
$
85,189

 
$
32,192

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) per share attributable to ACC, Inc. and Subsidiaries common stockholders - basic
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

  Income (loss) from continuing operations per share
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.78

 
$
0.31

Net income (loss) per share
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.78

 
$
0.34

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) per share attributable to ACC, Inc. and Subsidiaries common stockholders - diluted
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Income (loss) from continuing operations per share
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.77

 
$
0.31

Net income (loss) per share
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.77

 
$
0.33

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
112,323,520

 
104,968,616

 
111,867,257

 
104,903,344

Diluted
 
112,980,208

 
104,968,616

 
113,911,864

 
105,605,755

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions declared per common share
 
$
0.40

 
$
0.38

 
$
1.18

 
$
1.12

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

2

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(unaudited, in thousands, except share data)



 
 
Common
Shares
 
Par Value of
Common
Shares
 
Additional Paid
in Capital
 
Accumulated
Earnings and
Dividends
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Noncontrolling
Interests –
Partially Owned
Properties
 
Total
Equity, December 31, 2014
 
107,175,236

 
$
1,072

 
$
3,102,540

 
$
(487,986
)
 
$
(6,072
)
 
$
5,729

 
$
2,615,283

Adjustments to reflect redeemable noncontrolling interests at fair value
 

 

 
5,352

 

 

 

 
5,352

Amortization of restricted stock awards
 

 

 
5,680

 

 

 

 
5,680

Vesting of restricted stock awards and restricted stock units
 
132,657

 
1

 
(2,146
)
 

 

 

 
(2,145
)
Distributions to common and restricted stockholders
 

 

 

 
(133,354
)
 

 

 
(133,354
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests - partially owned properties
 

 

 

 

 

 
(618
)
 
(618
)
Increase in ownership of consolidated subsidiary
 

 

 
(208
)
 

 

 
(1,500
)
 
(1,708
)
Conversion of operating partnership units to common stock
 
87,831

 
1

 
2,663

 

 

 

 
2,664

Net proceeds from sale of common stock
 
4,933,665

 
49

 
212,634

 

 

 

 
212,683

Change in fair value of interest rate swaps
 

 

 

 

 
(2,443
)
 

 
(2,443
)
Amortization of interest rate swap terminations
 

 

 

 

 
308

 

 
308

Contributions by noncontrolling partners
 

 

 

 

 

 
6,586

 
6,586

Net income
 

 

 

 
87,632

 

 
507

 
88,139

Equity, September 30, 2015
 
112,329,389


$
1,123


$
3,326,515


$
(533,708
)

$
(8,207
)

$
10,704


$
2,796,427

 


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in thousands) 


 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
89,201

 
$
36,813

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Gains from disposition of real estate
 
(52,699
)
 
(2,776
)
Gain from insurance settlement
 
(388
)
 

Loss from early extinguishment of debt
 
1,770

 

Impairment of real estate
 

 
2,377

Depreciation and amortization
 
154,103

 
146,248

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt premiums/discounts
 
(4,726
)
 
(5,067
)
Share-based compensation
 
6,335

 
5,513

Income tax provision
 
932

 
869

Amortization of interest rate swap terminations
 
308

 
118

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Restricted cash
 
(2,286
)
 
(4
)
Student contracts receivable, net
 
(15,051
)
 
(5,474
)
Other assets
 
(16,852
)
 
(11,255
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
(12,042
)
 
4,621

Other liabilities
 
27,454

 
29,063

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
176,059

 
201,046

 
 
 
 
 
Investing activities
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from disposition of properties
 
427,055

 
7,312

Proceeds from disposition of land
 
150

 
1,681

Cash paid for property acquisitions
 
(298,202
)
 
(9,120
)
Cash paid for land acquisitions
 
(41,855
)
 
(3,513
)
Capital expenditures for wholly-owned properties
 
(70,022
)
 
(63,182
)
Investments in wholly-owned properties under development
 
(140,725
)
 
(194,961
)
Capital expenditures for on-campus participating properties
 
(2,389
)
 
(1,727
)
Investment in on-campus participating property under development
 

 
(25,007
)
Proceeds from loans receivable
 

 
2,984

Change in escrow deposits for investment transactions
 
87

 
1,157

Change in restricted cash related to capital reserves
 
3,156

 
2,183

Proceeds from insurance settlement
 
388

 

Increase in ownership of consolidated subsidiary
 
(1,708
)
 

Purchase of corporate furniture, fixtures and equipment
 
(6,579
)
 
(3,278
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(130,644
)
 
(285,471
)
 
 
 
 
 
Financing activities
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from unsecured notes
 
399,244

 
399,444

Proceeds from sale of common stock
 
216,666

 
5,984

Offering costs
 
(3,250
)
 
(107
)
Pay-off of mortgage and construction loans
 
(244,771
)
 
(125,191
)
Loss from early extinguishment of debt
 
(1,770
)
 

Proceeds from revolving credit facilities
 
626,300

 
426,900

Pay downs of revolving credit facilities
 
(868,800
)
 
(526,850
)
Proceeds from construction loans
 
258

 
26,261

Scheduled principal payments on debt
 
(10,717
)
 
(12,118
)
Debt issuance and assumption costs
 
(2,725
)
 
(5,019
)
Termination of forward starting interest rate swaps
 

 
(4,122
)
Distributions to common and restricted stockholders
 
(133,354
)
 
(118,310
)
Distributions to noncontrolling partners
 
(2,328
)
 
(1,786
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(25,247
)
 
65,086

 
 
 
 
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
20,168

 
(19,339
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
25,062

 
38,751

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
45,230

 
$
19,412

 
 
 
 
 

4

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in thousands) 


 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities
 
 

 
 

Loans assumed in connection with property acquisitions
 
$
(69,423
)
 
$

Issuance of common units in connection with property acquisitions
 
$
(14,182
)
 
$

Change in fair value of derivative instruments, net
 
$
(2,443
)
 
$
325

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
 
 

 
 

Interest paid
 
$
74,620

 
$
76,764

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except unit data)


 
 
September 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in real estate:
 
 
 
 
Wholly-owned properties, net
 
$
5,537,735

 
$
5,308,707

Wholly-owned properties held for sale
 

 
131,014

On-campus participating properties, net
 
91,351

 
94,128

Investments in real estate, net
 
5,629,086

 
5,533,849

 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
45,230

 
25,062

Restricted cash
 
36,380

 
31,937

Student contracts receivable, net
 
24,129

 
10,145

Other assets
 
291,277

 
233,755

 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
6,026,102

 
$
5,834,748

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and capital
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Secured mortgage, construction and bond debt
 
$
1,123,651

 
$
1,331,914

Unsecured notes
 
1,197,678

 
798,305

Unsecured term loans
 
600,000

 
600,000

Unsecured revolving credit facility
 

 
242,500

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
81,020

 
70,629

Other liabilities
 
167,357

 
121,645

Total liabilities
 
3,169,706

 
3,164,993

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
Redeemable limited partners
 
59,969

 
54,472

 
 
 
 
 
Capital:
 
 

 
 

Partners’ capital:
 
 

 
 

General partner -12,222 OP units outstanding at both September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014
 
95

 
100

Limited partner -112,317,167 and 107,163,014 OP units outstanding at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
 
2,793,835

 
2,615,526

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(8,207
)
 
(6,072
)
Total partners’ capital
 
2,785,723

 
2,609,554

Noncontrolling interests - partially owned properties
 
10,704

 
5,729

Total capital
 
2,796,427

 
2,615,283

 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and capital
 
$
6,026,102

 
$
5,834,748

 


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(unaudited, in thousands, except unit and per unit data)


 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wholly-owned properties
 
$
170,275

 
$
171,816

 
$
517,641

 
$
506,822

On-campus participating properties
 
6,565

 
5,786

 
21,469

 
18,709

Third-party development services
 
937

 
1,856

 
3,178

 
3,624

Third-party management services
 
2,261

 
1,769

 
6,586

 
5,751

Resident services
 
778

 
709

 
2,309

 
2,190

Total revenues
 
180,816

 
181,936

 
551,183

 
537,096

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Wholly-owned properties
 
96,411

 
98,232

 
252,672

 
250,074

On-campus participating properties
 
3,557

 
3,003

 
9,167

 
8,265

Third-party development and management services
 
3,555

 
2,988

 
10,554

 
8,589

General and administrative
 
5,086

 
4,700

 
15,667

 
13,957

Depreciation and amortization
 
51,874

 
49,576

 
154,103

 
146,201

Ground/facility leases
 
1,782

 
2,206

 
5,841

 
5,351

Provision for real estate impairment
 

 
2,377

 

 
2,377

Total operating expenses
 
162,265

 
163,082

 
448,004

 
434,814

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
18,551

 
18,854

 
103,179

 
102,282

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nonoperating income and (expenses)
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest income
 
1,099

 
1,055

 
3,296

 
3,123

Interest expense
 
(21,053
)
 
(23,794
)
 
(63,627
)
 
(65,873
)
Amortization of deferred financing costs
 
(1,315
)
 
(1,543
)
 
(4,032
)
 
(4,503
)
Gain (loss) from disposition of real estate
 
4,657

 
(67
)
 
52,699

 
(67
)
Loss from early extinguishment of debt
 

 

 
(1,770
)
 

Other nonoperating income
 
388

 

 
388

 

Total nonoperating expenses
 
(16,224
)
 
(24,349
)
 
(13,046
)
 
(67,320
)
Income (loss) before income taxes and discontinued operations
 
2,327

 
(5,495
)
 
90,133

 
34,962

Income tax provision
 
(311
)
 
(290
)
 
(932
)
 
(869
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
2,016

 
(5,785
)
 
89,201

 
34,093

Discontinued operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss attributable to discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
(123
)
Gain from disposition of real estate
 

 

 

 
2,843

Total discontinued operations
 

 

 

 
2,720

Net income (loss)
 
2,016

 
(5,785
)
 
89,201

 
36,813

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests – partially owned properties
 
(92
)
 
(81
)
 
(507
)
 
(257
)
Net income (loss) attributable to American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P.
 
1,924

 
(5,866
)
 
88,694

 
36,556

Series A preferred unit distributions
 
(44
)
 
(44
)
 
(132
)
 
(134
)
Net income (loss) available to common unitholders
 
$
1,880

 
$
(5,910
)
 
$
88,562

 
$
36,422

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Change in fair value of interest rate swaps
 
(1,420
)
 
2,073

 
(2,443
)
 
(3,797
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
460

 
$
(3,837
)
 
$
86,119

 
$
32,625

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) per unit attributable to common unitholders – basic
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

  Income (loss) from continuing operations per unit
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.77

 
$
0.31

Net income (loss) per unit
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.77

 
$
0.34

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) per unit attributable to common unitholders – diluted
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

  Income (loss) from continuing operations per unit
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.77

 
$
0.31

Net income (loss) per unit
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.77

 
$
0.33

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common units outstanding
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
 
113,766,243

 
106,182,465

 
113,222,867

 
106,126,665

Diluted
 
114,422,931

 
106,182,465

 
113,911,864

 
106,829,076

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions declared per common unit
 
$
0.40

 
$
0.38

 
$
1.18

 
$
1.12

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

7

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN CAPITAL
(unaudited, in thousands, except unit data)



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
Noncontrolling
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
Interests -
 
 

 
 
General Partner
 
Limited Partner
 
Comprehensive
 
Partially Owned
 
 

 
 
Units
 
Amount
 
Units
 
Amount
 
Loss
 
Properties
 
Total
Capital, December 31, 2014
 
12,222

 
$
100

 
107,163,014

 
$
2,615,526

 
$
(6,072
)
 
$
5,729

 
$
2,615,283

Adjustments to reflect redeemable limited partners’ interest at fair value
 

 

 

 
5,352

 

 

 
5,352

Amortization of restricted stock awards
 

 

 

 
5,680

 

 

 
5,680

Vesting of restricted stock awards and restricted stock units
 

 

 
132,657

 
(2,145
)
 

 

 
(2,145
)
Distributions
 

 
(14
)
 

 
(133,340
)
 

 

 
(133,354
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests - partially owned properties
 

 

 

 

 

 
(618
)
 
(618
)
Increase in ownership of consolidated subsidiary
 

 

 

 
(208
)
 

 
(1,500
)
 
(1,708
)
Conversion of operating partnership units to common stock
 

 

 
87,831

 
2,664

 

 

 
2,664

Issuance of units in exchange for contributions of equity offering proceeds
 

 

 
4,933,665

 
212,683

 

 

 
212,683

Change in fair value of interest rate swaps
 

 

 

 

 
(2,443
)
 

 
(2,443
)
Amortization of interest rate swap terminations
 

 

 

 

 
308

 

 
308

Contributions by noncontrolling partners
 

 

 

 

 

 
6,586

 
6,586

Net income
 

 
9

 

 
87,623

 

 
507

 
88,139

Capital, September 30, 2015
 
12,222

 
$
95

 
112,317,167

 
$
2,793,835

 
$
(8,207
)
 
$
10,704

 
$
2,796,427

 
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

8

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in thousands) 


 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
89,201

 
$
36,813

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Gains from disposition of real estate
 
(52,699
)
 
(2,776
)
Gain from insurance settlement
 
(388
)
 

Loss from early extinguishment of debt
 
1,770

 

Impairment of real estate
 

 
2,377

Depreciation and amortization
 
154,103

 
146,248

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt premiums/discounts
 
(4,726
)
 
(5,067
)
Share-based compensation
 
6,335

 
5,513

Income tax provision
 
932

 
869

Amortization of interest rate swap terminations
 
308

 
118

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

Restricted cash
 
(2,286
)
 
(4
)
Student contracts receivable, net
 
(15,051
)
 
(5,474
)
Other assets
 
(16,852
)
 
(11,255
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
(12,042
)
 
4,621

Other liabilities
 
27,454

 
29,063

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
176,059

 
201,046

 
 
 
 
 
Investing activities
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from disposition of properties
 
427,055

 
7,312

Proceeds from disposition of land
 
150

 
1,681

Cash paid for property acquisitions
 
(298,202
)
 
(9,120
)
Cash paid for land acquisitions
 
(41,855
)
 
(3,513
)
Capital expenditures for wholly-owned properties
 
(70,022
)
 
(63,182
)
Investments in wholly-owned properties under development
 
(140,725
)
 
(194,961
)
Capital expenditures for on-campus participating properties
 
(2,389
)
 
(1,727
)
Investment in on-campus participating property under development
 

 
(25,007
)
Proceeds from loans receivable
 

 
2,984

Decrease in escrow deposits for investment transactions
 
87

 
1,157

Change in restricted cash related to capital reserves
 
3,156

 
2,183

Proceeds from insurance settlement
 
388

 

Increase in ownership of consolidated subsidiary
 
(1,708
)
 

Purchase of corporate furniture, fixtures and equipment
 
(6,579
)
 
(3,278
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(130,644
)
 
(285,471
)
 
 
 
 
 
Financing activities
 
 

 
 

Proceeds from unsecured notes
 
399,244

 
399,444

Proceeds from issuance of common units in exchange for contributions, net
 
213,416

 
5,877

Offering costs
 

 

Pay-off of mortgage and construction loans
 
(244,771
)
 
(125,191
)
Loss from early extinguishment of debt
 
(1,770
)
 

Proceeds from revolving credit facilities
 
626,300

 
426,900

Pay downs of revolving credit facilities
 
(868,800
)
 
(526,850
)
Proceeds from construction loans
 
258

 
26,261

Scheduled principal payments on debt
 
(10,717
)
 
(12,118
)
Change in construction accounts payable
 

 

Redemption of common units for cash
 

 

Debt issuance and assumption costs
 
(2,725
)
 
(5,019
)
Termination of forward starting interest rate swaps
 

 
(4,122
)
Taxes paid on net-share settlements
 

 

Distributions paid on unvested restricted stock awards
 
(867
)
 
(844
)
Distributions paid to common and preferred unitholders
 
(134,197
)
 
(118,971
)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling partners - partially owned properties
 
(618
)
 
(281
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
(25,247
)
 
65,086

 
 
 
 
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
20,168

 
(19,339
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
25,062

 
38,751

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
45,230

 
$
19,412

 
 
 
 
 

9

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in thousands) 


 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities
 
 

 
 

Loans assumed in connection with property acquisitions
 
$
(69,423
)
 
$

Issuance of common units in connection with property acquisitions
 
$
(14,182
)
 
$

Change in fair value of derivative instruments, net
 
$
(2,443
)
 
$
325

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
 
 

 
 

Interest paid
 
$
74,620

 
$
76,764

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

10

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)



1. Organization and Description of Business
 
American Campus Communities, Inc. (“ACC”) is a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that commenced operations effective with the completion of an initial public offering (“IPO”) on August 17, 2004.  Through ACC’s controlling interest in American Campus Communities Operating Partnership, L.P. (“ACCOP”), ACC is one of the largest owners, managers and developers of high quality student housing properties in the United States in terms of beds owned and under management.  ACC is a fully integrated, self-managed and self-administered equity REIT with expertise in the acquisition, design, financing, development, construction management, leasing and management of student housing properties.  ACC’s common stock is publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the ticker symbol “ACC.”
 
The general partner of ACCOP is American Campus Communities Holdings, LLC (“ACC Holdings”), an entity that is wholly-owned by ACC.  As of September 30, 2015, ACC Holdings held an ownership interest in ACCOP of less than 1%. The limited partners of ACCOP are ACC and other limited partners consisting of current and former members of management and nonaffiliated third parties.  As of September 30, 2015, ACC owned an approximate 98.6% limited partnership interest in ACCOP.  As the sole member of the general partner of ACCOP, ACC has exclusive control of ACCOP’s day-to-day management.  Management operates ACC and ACCOP as one business.  The management of ACC consists of the same members as the management of ACCOP.  ACC consolidates ACCOP for financial reporting purposes, and ACC does not have significant assets other than its investment in ACCOP.  Therefore, the assets and liabilities of ACC and ACCOP are the same on their respective financial statements.  References to the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” mean collectively ACC, ACCOP and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by ACC and/or ACCOP.  References to the “Operating Partnership” mean collectively ACCOP and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by ACCOP.  Unless otherwise indicated, the accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements apply to both the Company and the Operating Partnership.
 
As of September 30, 2015, our property portfolio contained 158 properties with approximately 96,300 beds in approximately 31,600 units.  Our property portfolio consisted of 132 owned off-campus student housing properties that are in close proximity to colleges and universities, 21 American Campus Equity (“ACE®”) properties operated under ground/facility leases with ten university systems and five on-campus participating properties operated under ground/facility leases with the related university systems.  Of the 158 properties, five were under development as of September 30, 2015, and when completed will consist of a total of approximately 2,400 beds in approximately 700 units.  Our communities contain modern housing units and are supported by a resident assistant system and other student-oriented programming, with many offering resort-style amenities.
 
Through one of ACC’s taxable REIT subsidiaries (“TRSs”), we also provide construction management and development services, primarily for student housing properties owned by colleges and universities, charitable foundations, and others.  As of September 30, 2015, also through one of ACC’s TRSs, we provided third-party management and leasing services for 39 properties that represented approximately 29,500 beds in approximately 10,900 units.  Third-party management and leasing services are typically provided pursuant to management contracts that have initial terms that range from one to five years.  As of September 30, 2015, our total owned and third-party managed portfolio included 197 properties with approximately 125,800 beds in approximately 42,500 units.
 
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements, presented in U.S. dollars, are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, and revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Our actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions. All material intercompany transactions among consolidated entities have been eliminated. All dollar amounts in the tables herein, except share, per share, unit and per unit amounts, are stated in thousands unless otherwise indicated. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In September 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-16 ("ASU 2015-16"), "Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments." ASU 2015-16 eliminates the requirement that an acquirer in a business combination account for a measurement-period adjustment retrospectively. Instead, an acquirer will

11

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


recognize a measurement-period adjustment during the period in which the amount of the adjustment is determined. The guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company plans to adopt ASU 2015-16 as of January 1, 2016 and does not expect it to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-03 ("ASU 2015-03"), "Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs." ASU 2015-03 requires all costs incurred to issue debt be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the debt rather than being recorded as a deferred charge and presented as an asset. ASU 2015-03 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted, and retrospective application required. In August 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-15 ("ASU 2015-15"), "Presentation and Subsequent Measurement of Debt Issuance Costs Associated with Line-of-Credit Arrangements." ASU 2015-15 clarifies the presentation of debt issuance costs related to credit facility arrangements. For public business entities, the final guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company plans to adopt ASU 2015-03 and ASU 2015-15 as of January 1, 2016 and does not expect it to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-02 ("ASU 2015-02"), "Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis.” ASU 2015-02 changes the analysis a reporting entity must perform to determine whether it should consolidate certain types of legal entities. ASU 2015-02 modifies whether limited partnerships and similar entities are variable interest entities ("VIEs") or voting interest entities and eliminates the presumption a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership. ASU 2015-02 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted.  The Company plans to adopt ASU 2015-02 as of January 1, 2016 and is currently evaluating the potential impact of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2014-09 (“ASU 2014-09”), "Revenue From Contracts With Customers". ASU 2014-09 provides a single comprehensive revenue recognition model for contracts with customers (excluding certain contracts, such as lease contracts) to improve comparability within industries. ASU 2014-09 requires an entity to recognize revenue to reflect the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount the entity expects to be paid in exchange for those goods and services and provide enhanced disclosures, all to provide more comprehensive guidance for transactions such as service revenue and contract modifications. In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 ("ASU 2015-14"), "Deferral of the Effective Date". This standard deferred by one year the effective date of ASU 2014-09. The new revenue recognition standard is effective for public entities for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and may be applied using either a full retrospective or modified approach upon adoption. The Company plans to adopt ASU 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018 and is currently evaluating the potential impact of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements.

Interim Financial Statements

The accompanying interim financial statements are unaudited, but have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information and in conjunction with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Accordingly, they do not include all disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring matters) necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements of the Company for these interim periods have been included.  Because of the seasonal nature of the Company’s operations, the results of operations and cash flows for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for other interim periods or for the full year.  These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
 
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.
 

12

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


Investments in Real Estate
 
Investments in real estate are recorded at historical cost.  Major improvements that extend the life of an asset are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful life of the asset.  The cost of ordinary repairs and maintenance are charged to expense when incurred.  Depreciation and amortization are recorded on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:
Buildings and improvements
 
7-40 years
Leasehold interest - on-campus
   participating properties
 
25-34 years (shorter of useful life or respective lease term)
Furniture, fixtures and equipment
 
3-7 years
 
Project costs directly associated with the development and construction of an owned real estate project, which include interest, property taxes, and amortization of deferred finance costs, are capitalized as construction in progress.  Upon completion of the project, costs are transferred into the applicable asset category and depreciation commences.  Interest totaling approximately $2.8 million and $2.1 million was capitalized during the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $8.2 million and $7.0 million was capitalized during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
 
Management assesses whether there has been an impairment in the value of the Company’s investments in real estate whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.  Impairment is recognized when estimated expected future undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying value of the property, or when it is probable that a property will be sold prior to the end of its estimated useful life, at which time an impairment charge is recognized for any excess of the carrying value of the property over the expected net proceeds from the disposal.  The estimation of expected future net cash flows is inherently uncertain and relies on assumptions regarding current and future economics and market conditions.  If such conditions change, then an adjustment to the carrying value of the Company’s long-lived assets could occur in the future period in which the conditions change.  To the extent that a property is impaired, the excess of the carrying amount of the property over its estimated fair value is charged to earnings. The Company believes that there were no impairments of the carrying values of its investments in real estate as of September 30, 2015.

The Company allocates the purchase price of acquired properties to net tangible and identified intangible assets based on relative fair values.  Fair value estimates are based on information obtained from a number of sources, including independent appraisals that may be obtained in connection with the acquisition or financing of the respective property, our own analysis of recently acquired and existing comparable properties in our portfolio, and other market data.  Information obtained about each property as a result of due diligence, marketing and leasing activities is also considered.  The value allocated to land is generally based on the actual purchase price adjusted to fair value (as necessary) if acquired separately, or market research/comparables if acquired as part of an existing operating property.  The value allocated to building is based on the fair value determined on an “as-if vacant” basis, which is estimated using an income, or discounted cash flow, approach that relies upon internally determined assumptions that we believe are consistent with current market conditions for similar properties. The value allocated to furniture, fixtures, and equipment is based on an estimate of the fair value of the appliances and fixtures inside the units. We have determined these estimates to have been primarily based upon unobservable inputs and therefore are considered to be Level 3 inputs within the fair value hierarchy.

We record the acquisition of undeveloped land parcels that do not meet the accounting criteria to be accounted for as business combinations at the purchase price paid and capitalize the associated acquisition costs.

Long-Lived Assets–Held for Sale
 
Long-lived assets to be disposed of are classified as held for sale in the period in which all of the following criteria are met:

a.
Management, having the authority to approve the action, commits to a plan to sell the asset.

b.
The asset is available for immediate sale in its present condition subject only to terms that are usual and customary for sales of such assets.

c.
An active program to locate a buyer and other actions required to complete the plan to sell the asset have been initiated.


13

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


d.
The sale of the asset is probable, and transfer of the asset is expected to qualify for recognition as a completed sale, within one year.

e.
The asset is being actively marketed for sale at a price that is reasonable in relation to its current fair value.

f.
Actions required to complete the plan indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made or that the plan will be withdrawn.
  
Concurrent with this classification, the asset is recorded at the lower of cost or fair value less estimated selling costs, and depreciation ceases.

Discontinued Operations

A discontinued operation represents (i) a component of an entity or group of components that has been disposed of or is classified as held for sale in a single transaction and represents a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on an entity's operations and financial results, or (ii) an acquired business that is classified as held for sale on the date of acquisition. A strategic shift could include a disposal of (i) a separate major line of business, (ii) a separate major geographic area of operations, (iii) a major equity method investment, or (iv) other major parts of an entity. The Company classifies disposals of real estate that do not meet the definition of a discontinued operation within income from continuing operations in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

Loans Receivable
 
Loans held for investment are intended to be held to maturity and, accordingly, are carried at cost, net of unamortized loan purchase discounts, and net of an allowance for loan losses when such loan is deemed to be impaired.  Loan purchase discounts are amortized over the term of the loan.  The Company considers a loan impaired when, based upon current information and events, it is probable that it will be unable to collect all amounts due for both principal and interest according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement.  Management’s estimate of the collectability of principal and interest payments under the company’s loans receivable from CaPFA Capital Corp. 2000F (“CaPFA”), which mature in December 2040 and carry a balance of approximately $56.6 million as of September 30, 2015, are highly dependent on the future operating performance of the properties securing the loans.  As future economic conditions and/or market conditions at the properties change, management will continue to evaluate the collectability of such amounts. The Company believes there were no impairments of the carrying value of its loans receivable as of September 30, 2015. Loans receivable are included in other assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
 
Intangible Assets
 
A portion of the purchase price of acquired properties is allocated to the value of in-place leases for both student and commercial tenants, which is based on the difference between (i) the property valued with existing in-place leases adjusted to market rental rates and (ii) the property valued “as-if” vacant.  As lease terms for student leases are typically one year or less, rates on in-place leases generally approximate market rental rates.  Factors considered in the valuation of in-place leases include an estimate of the carrying costs during the expected lease-up period considering current market conditions, nature of the tenancy, and costs to execute similar leases.  Carrying costs include estimates of lost rentals at market rates during the expected lease-up period, as well as marketing and other operating expenses.  The value of in-place leases is amortized over the remaining initial term of the respective leases.  The purchase price of property acquisitions is not expected to be allocated to student tenant relationships, considering the terms of the leases and the expected levels of renewals.
 
In connection with the property acquisitions discussed in Note 3 herein, the Company capitalized approximately $0.3 million and $-0- for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $3.3 million and $-0- for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, related to management’s estimate of the fair value of in-place leases assumed.  Amortization expense was approximately $1.2 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $3.5 million and $2.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  Accumulated amortization at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 was approximately $31.4 million and $27.9 million, respectively.  The value of in-place leases, net of amortization, is included in other assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the amortization of in-place leases is included in depreciation and amortization expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.  


14

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


For acquired properties subject to an in-place property tax incentive arrangement, a portion of the purchase price is allocated to the present value of expected future property tax savings over the projected incentive arrangement period. Unamortized in-place property tax incentive arrangements as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were approximately $58.1 million and $36.7 million, respectively, and are included in other assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Amortization of in-place property tax incentive arrangements is included in wholly-owned properties operating expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
 
Mortgage Debt - Premiums and Discounts
 
Mortgage debt premiums and discounts represent fair value adjustments to account for the difference between the stated rates and market rates of mortgage debt assumed in connection with the Company’s property acquisitions.  The mortgage debt premiums and discounts are amortized to interest expense over the term of the related mortgage loans using the effective-interest method.  The amortization of mortgage debt premiums and discounts resulted in a net decrease to interest expense of approximately $3.1 million and $3.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $8.9 million and $9.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  Mortgage debt premiums and discounts are included in secured mortgage, construction and bond debt on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and amortization of mortgage debt premiums and discounts is included in interest expense on the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
 
Unsecured Notes - Original Issue Discount

The Company has completed three offerings of senior unsecured notes totaling $1.2 billion that are detailed in Note 8 herein. The total unamortized original issue discount was approximately $2.3 million and $1.7 million as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, and is included in unsecured notes on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Amortization of the original issue discounts of approximately $45,000 and $41,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and $128,000 and $100,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, is included in interest expense on the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

Pre-development Expenditures
 
Pre-development expenditures such as architectural fees, permits and deposits associated with the pursuit of third-party and owned development projects are expensed as incurred, until such time that management believes it is probable that the contract will be executed and/or construction will commence.  Because the Company frequently incurs these pre-development expenditures before a financing commitment and/or required permits and authorizations have been obtained, the Company bears the risk of loss of these pre-development expenditures if financing cannot ultimately be arranged on acceptable terms or the Company is unable to successfully obtain the required permits and authorizations.  As such, management evaluates the status of third-party and owned projects that have not yet commenced construction on a periodic basis and expenses any deferred costs related to projects whose current status indicates the commencement of construction is unlikely and/or the costs may not provide future value to the Company in the form of revenues.  Such write-offs are included in third-party development and management services expenses (in the case of third-party development projects) or general and administrative expenses (in the case of owned development projects) on the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income.  As of September 30, 2015, the Company has deferred approximately $6.4 million in pre-development costs related to third-party and owned development projects that have not yet commenced construction.  Such costs are included in other assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

Earnings per Share – Company
 
Basic earnings per share is computed using net income attributable to common shareholders and the weighted average number of shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding during the period.  Diluted earnings per share reflects common shares issuable from the assumed conversion of Operating Partnership units ("OP Units") and common share awards granted.  Only those items having a dilutive impact on basic earnings per share are included in diluted earnings per share.
 

15

AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
AMERICAN CAMPUS COMMUNITIES OPERATING PARTNERSHIP, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


The following potentially dilutive securities were outstanding for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effects of their inclusion would be anti-dilutive. 
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Common OP Units (Note 10)
 
1,442,723

 
1,213,849

 

 
1,223,321

Preferred OP Units (Note 10)
 
109,359

 
110,359

 
109,916

 
111,589

Unvested Restricted Stock Awards (Note11)
 

 
681,223

 

 

Total potentially dilutive securities
 
1,552,082

 
2,005,431

 
109,916

 
1,334,910


 The following is a summary of the elements used in calculating basic and diluted earnings per share:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 September 30,

Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Numerator – basic earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
2,016

 
$
(5,785
)
 
$
89,201

 
$
34,093

Income from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(161
)
 
(62
)
 
(1,569
)
 
(790
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to common shareholders
 
1,855

 
(5,847
)