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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - Interpace Diagnostics Group, Inc.ex3222015q210q.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Interpace Diagnostics Group, Inc.ex3122015q210q.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Interpace Diagnostics Group, Inc.ex3212015q210q.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Interpace Diagnostics Group, Inc.ex3112015q210q.htm

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549
 ______________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
 ______________________________________________________
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from _______________ to _______________
 
Commission File Number: 000-24249
 
PDI, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
22-2919486
(State or other jurisdiction of Incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
Morris Corporate Center 1, Building A
300 Interpace Parkway, Parsippany, NJ 07054
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
 
(800) 242-7494
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.   See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
Large accelerated filer   o
Accelerated filer   o
Non-accelerated filer  o
Smaller reporting company  x
 
 
(Do not check if a  smaller
reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o    No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
 
 
Class
Shares Outstanding
August 7, 2015
Common stock, $0.01 par value
16,716,426

 



PDI, Inc.
Form 10-Q for Period Ended June 30, 2015
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page No.
 
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 (unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
Other Information
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 
 

2




PDI, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share data)

 
June 30,
2015
 
December 31, 2014
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
14,397

 
$
23,111

Short-term investments
108

 
107

Accounts receivable, net
11,924

 
8,505

Unbilled costs and accrued profits on contracts in progress
6,228

 
5,918

Other current assets
6,634

 
7,225

Total current assets
39,291

 
44,866

Property and equipment, net
3,083

 
3,184

Goodwill
15,666

 
15,545

Other intangible assets, net
45,448

 
47,304

Other long-term assets
4,085

 
5,007

Total assets
$
107,573

 
$
115,906

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
4,350

 
$
4,308

Unearned contract revenue
6,870

 
6,752

Accrued salary and bonus
11,005

 
7,696

Other accrued expenses
12,706

 
14,822

Total current liabilities
34,931

 
33,578

Contingent consideration
25,909

 
25,909

Long-term debt, net of debt discount
27,694

 
27,154

Other long-term liabilities
8,741

 
9,143

Total liabilities
97,275

 
95,784

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)


 


 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 40,000,000 shares authorized


 


17,434,900 and 16,558,140 shares issued, respectively;
 

 
 

16,715,799 and 15,361,133 shares outstanding, respectively
174

 
165

Additional paid-in capital
129,106

 
134,171

Accumulated deficit
(110,742
)
 
(99,896
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
16

 
16

Treasury stock, at cost (719,101 and 1,197,007 shares, respectively)
(8,256
)
 
(14,334
)
Total stockholders' equity
10,298

 
20,122

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
107,573

 
$
115,906


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


PDI, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(unaudited, in thousands, except for per share data)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial Services
$
34,087

 
$
31,008

 
$
70,289

 
$
62,840

Interpace Diagnostics
2,253

 

 
4,370

 

Total revenue, net
36,340

 
31,008

 
74,659

 
62,840

Cost of revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial Services
28,393

 
25,659

 
57,493

 
52,153

Interpace Diagnostics
1,851

 
156

 
3,425

 
375

Total cost of revenue
30,244

 
25,815

 
60,918

 
52,528

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
6,096

 
5,193

 
13,741

 
10,312

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
3,285

 

 
5,511

 

Research and development
414

 

 
646

 

General and administrative
7,349

 
6,255

 
14,565

 
11,789

Acquisition related amortization expense
986

 

 
1,839

 

Total operating expenses
12,034

 
6,255

 
22,561

 
11,789

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating loss
(5,938
)
 
(1,062
)
 
(8,820
)
 
(1,477
)
Interest expense
(884
)
 

 
(1,732
)
 

Other expense, net
(69
)
 
(13
)
 
(155
)
 
(30
)
Loss from continuing operations before income tax
(6,891
)
 
(1,075
)
 
(10,707
)
 
(1,507
)
(Benefit) provision for income tax
(177
)
 
65

 
(250
)
 
131

Loss from continuing operations
(6,714
)
 
(1,140
)
 
(10,457
)
 
(1,638
)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
(264
)
 
(1,518
)
 
(389
)
 
(2,632
)
Net loss
$
(6,978
)
 
$
(2,658
)
 
$
(10,846
)
 
$
(4,270
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive loss
$
(6,978
)
 
$
(2,658
)
 
$
(10,846
)
 
$
(4,270
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted loss per share of common stock from:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
(0.44
)
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.69
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
(0.02
)
 
(0.10
)
 
(0.03
)
 
(0.18
)
Net loss per basic and diluted share of common stock
$
(0.46
)
 
$
(0.18
)
 
$
(0.72
)
 
$
(0.29
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Basic
15,204

 
14,910

 
15,121

 
14,860

Diluted
15,204

 
14,910

 
15,121

 
14,860






The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


PDI, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in thousands)

 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Cash Flows From Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(10,846
)
 
$
(4,270
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
2,499

 
837

Realignment accrual accretion
70

 
71

Interest accretion
546

 

Bad debt expense
172

 

Gain on sale of discontinued operations
(217
)
 

Stock-based compensation
1,054

 
1,358

Other changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 
Increase in accounts receivable
(3,843
)
 
(1,424
)
(Increase) decrease in unbilled costs
(310
)
 
1,046

(Increase) decrease in other current assets
(205
)
 
505

Decrease in other long-term assets
2,482

 
138

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable
42

 
(295
)
Increase (decrease) in unearned contract revenue
2,154

 
(1,528
)
Increase (decrease) in accrued salaries and bonus
3,309

 
(3,386
)
Decrease in other accrued expenses
(5,984
)
 
(570
)
Increase (decrease) in long-term liabilities
937

 
(770
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(8,140
)
 
(8,288
)
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities
 

 
 

Purchase of property and equipment
(542
)
 
(860
)
Loan to privately held non-controlled entity

 
(655
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(542
)
 
(1,515
)
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities
 

 
 

Cash paid for repurchase of restricted shares
(32
)
 
(215
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(32
)
 
(215
)
 
 
 
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(8,714
)
 
(10,018
)
Cash and cash equivalents – beginning
23,111

 
45,639

Cash and cash equivalents – ending
$
14,397

 
$
35,621

Cash paid for interest
$
1,470

 
$





The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.



5


PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)
 

1.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes (the interim financial statements) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements of PDI, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the Company or PDI) and related notes as included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on March 5, 2015.  The interim financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP) for interim financial reporting and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  The interim financial statements include all normal recurring adjustments that, in the judgment of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of such interim financial statements.  All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  Operating results for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2015.

2.
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Accounting Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts of assets and liabilities reported and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Management's estimates are based on historical experience, facts and circumstances available at the time, and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.  Significant estimates include best estimate of selling price in multiple element arrangements, valuation allowances related to deferred income taxes, self-insurance loss accruals, allowances for doubtful accounts and notes, income tax accruals, acquisition accounting, asset impairments and facilities realignment accruals.  The Company periodically reviews these matters and reflects changes in estimates as appropriate.  Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.
Reclassifications
Certain operating expenses within compensation expense and other sales, general and administrative expense in the period ended June 30, 2014 have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
Sales and marketing expenses primarily include personnel and related costs for the promotion of the Company's Diagnostic tests.   Research and development expenses primarily include personnel and related costs for research and development related to new and existing tests.   The Company did not incur these costs in the period ended June 30, 2014. 

Basic and Diluted Net Loss per Share
A reconciliation of the number of shares of common stock used in the calculation of basic and diluted loss per share for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Basic weighted average number of common shares
15,204

 
14,910

 
15,121

 
14,860

Dilutive effect of stock-based awards

 

 

 

Diluted weighted average number of common shares
15,204

 
14,910

 
15,121

 
14,860


6

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

The following outstanding stock-based awards were excluded from the computation of the effect of dilutive securities on loss per share for the following periods because they would have been anti-dilutive:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Options
10
 
35
 
10
 
35
Stock-settled stock appreciation rights (SARs)
1,041
 
1,276
 
1,041
 
1,276
Restricted stock/units
1,747
 
613
 
1,747
 
613
Market contingent SARs
188
 
188
 
188
 
188
 
2,986
 
2,112
 
2,986
 
2,112
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The Company allocates the cost of acquired companies to the identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the remaining amount classified as goodwill. Since the entities the Company has acquired do not have significant tangible assets, a significant portion of the purchase price has been allocated to intangible assets and goodwill. The identification and valuation of these intangible assets and the determination of the estimated useful lives at the time of acquisition, as well as the completion of impairment tests require significant management judgments and estimates. These estimates are made based on, among other factors, consultations with an accredited independent valuation consultant, reviews of projected future operating results and business plans, economic projections, anticipated highest and best use of future cash flows and the market participant cost of capital. The use of alternative estimates and assumptions could increase or decrease the estimated fair value of goodwill and other intangible assets, and potentially result in a different impact to the Company's results of operations. Further, changes in business strategy and/or market conditions may significantly impact these judgments thereby impacting the fair value of these assets, which could result in an impairment of the goodwill.
The Company tests goodwill and indefinite lived intangible assets for impairment at least annually (as of December 31) and whenever events or circumstances change that indicate impairment may have occurred. A significant amount of judgment is involved in determining if an indicator of impairment has occurred. Such indicators may include, among others: a significant decline in expected future cash flows; a sustained, significant decline in stock price and market capitalization; a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate of the pharmaceutical industry; unanticipated competition; and slower growth rates. Any adverse change in these factors could have a significant impact on the recoverability of goodwill and our consolidated financial results. At June 30, 2015, no indicators of impairment were identified. 
Receivables and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Commercial Services segment: Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest.  Management reviews a customer’s credit history before extending credit.  The Company records a provision for estimated losses based upon the inability of its customers to make required payments using historical experience and periodically adjusts these provisions to reflect actual experience.  Additionally, the Company will establish a specific allowance for doubtful accounts when it becomes aware of a specific customer’s inability or unwillingness to meet its financial obligations (e.g., bankruptcy filing).  There was no allowance for doubtful accounts as of June 30, 2015.
Interpace Diagnostics segment: The Company’s accounts receivable are generated using its proprietary tests. The Company’s services are fulfilled upon completion of the test, review and release of the test results. In conjunction with fulfilling these services, the Company bills the third-party payor or hospital. The Company records accounts receivable related to billings for Medicare, Medicare Advantage, insurance companies and hospitals on an accrual basis, net of contractual adjustment, when a contract is in place, a reliable pattern of collectability exists and collectability is reasonably assured. Contractual adjustments represent the difference between the list prices and the reimbursement rate set by Medicare and Medicare Advantage, insurance companies, or the amounts billed to hospitals.
Proprietary tests billed to commercial insurance carriers or governmental programs that do not have a contract in place for its proprietary tests may or may not be covered by these entities' existing reimbursement policies. In addition, the Company does not enter into direct agreements with patients that commit them to pay any portion of the cost of the tests

7

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

in the event that their commercial insurance carrier or governmental program does not pay the Company for its services. In the absence of an agreement with the patient, or other clearly enforceable legal right to demand payment from commercial insurance carriers, governmental agencies, or hospitals no accounts receivable is recognized. The Company records a provision for estimated losses based upon estimates and historical experience and periodically adjusts these provisions to reflect actual experience. There was approximately a $0.2 million allowance for doubtful accounts as of June 30, 2015.

3.
INVESTMENTS IN MARKETABLE SECURITIES
Available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value with the unrealized holding gains or losses, net of tax, included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders’ equity. Realized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are computed based upon specific identification and included in other expense, net in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.  Declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary on available-for-sale securities are recorded in other expense, net in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss and the cost basis of the security is reduced. The fair values for marketable equity securities are based on quoted market prices.  Held-to-maturity investments are stated at amortized cost which approximates fair value.  Interest income is accrued as earned.  Realized gains and losses on held-to-maturity investments are computed based upon specific identification and included in other expense, net in the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss.  The Company does not have any investments classified as trading.
Available-for-sale securities consist of assets in a rabbi trust associated with the Company’s deferred compensation plan.  As of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the carrying value of available-for-sale securities was approximately $108,000 and $107,000, respectively, and is included in short-term investments.  Available-for-sale securities as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 consisted of approximately $60,000 and $59,000, respectively, in mutual funds and approximately $48,000 in money market accounts for both periods.
The Company’s other marketable securities consist of investment grade debt instruments such as obligations of U.S. Treasury and U.S. Federal Government agencies.  These investments are categorized as held-to-maturity since the Company’s management has the ability and intent to hold these securities to maturity.  The Company’s held-to-maturity investments are carried at amortized cost which approximates fair value and are maintained in separate accounts to support the Company’s letters of credit.  The Company had standby letters of credit of approximately $1.4 million as of both June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, as collateral for its existing insurance policies and facility leases.
At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, held-to-maturity investments included the following:
 
 
 
Maturing
 
 
 
Maturing
 
June 30,
2015
 
within
1 year
 
after 1 year
through
3 years
 
December 31,
2014
 
within
1 year
 
after 1 year
through
3 years
Cash/money accounts
$
98

 
$
98

 
$

 
$
204

 
$
204

 
$

US Treasury securities
1,235

 
295

 
940

 
1,070

 
105

 
965

Government agency securities
259

 
129

 
130

 
317

 
225

 
92

Total
$
1,592

 
$
522

 
$
1,070

 
$
1,591

 
$
534

 
$
1,057

At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, held-to-maturity investments were recorded in the following accounts: 
 
June 30,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Other current assets
$
522

 
$
534

Other long-term assets
1,070

 
1,057

Total
$
1,592

 
$
1,591


4.
GOODWILL

8

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

Goodwill recorded as of June 30, 2015 was $15.7 million, and at December 31, 2014, it was $15.5 million, all of which is attributable to the 2014 acquisition of RedPath Integrated Pathology, Inc. (RedPath). The increase in goodwill for the six months ended June 30, 2015 reflects the final working capital adjustment related to the RedPath acquisition. A rollforward of the carrying value of goodwill from January 1, 2015 to June 30, 2015 is as follows:
 
2015
 
January 1,
Additions
Adjustments
Impairments
June 30,
RedPath
$
15,545


121


$
15,666

Other Intangible Assets
The net carrying value of the identifiable intangible assets as of June 30, 2015 is as follows: 
 
 
 
As of June 30, 2015
 
Life
 
Carrying
 
(Years)
 
Amount
Diagnostic assets:
 
 
 
Asuragen acquisition:
 
 
 
   Thyroid
9
 
$
8,519

   Pancreas
7
 
2,882

   Biobank
4
 
1,575

RedPath acquisition:
 
 
 
Pancreas test
7
 
16,141

Barrett's test
9
 
18,351

Total
 
 
$
47,468

Diagnostic lab:
 
 
 
CLIA Lab
2.3
 
$
609

 
 
 
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
 
$
(2,629
)
 
 
 
 
Net Carrying Value
 
 
$
45,448


Amortization expense was $1.0 million and $1.8 million for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2015, respectively. There was no amortization expense for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2014. Amortization of our diagnostic assets begin upon launch of the product. Estimated amortization expense for the next five years is as follows:
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
$3,803
$6,328
$6,097
$5,949
$5,703

5.
FACILITIES REALIGNMENT
The following table presents a rollforward of the Company’s restructuring reserve from December 31, 2014 to June 30, 2015, of which approximately $0.4 million is included in other accrued expenses and approximately $40,000 is included in long-term liabilities as of June 30, 2015. The Company recognizes accretion expense in Other expense, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss. 

9

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
Commercial
Services
 
Discontinued Operations
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2014
$
560

 
$
207

 
$
767

Accretion
56

 
14

 
70

Adjustments

 

 

Payments
(314
)
 
(79
)
 
(393
)
Balance as of June 30, 2015
$
302

 
$
142

 
$
444


6.
FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company's financial assets and liabilities reflected at fair value in the consolidated financial statements include: cash and cash equivalents; short-term investments; accounts receivable; other current assets; accounts payable; and contingent consideration. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the Company uses various methods including market, income and cost approaches. Based on these approaches, the Company often utilizes certain assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk and/or the risks inherent in the inputs to the valuation technique. These inputs can be readily observable, market-corroborated, or generally unobservable inputs. The Company utilizes valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Based upon observable inputs used in the valuation techniques, the Company is required to provide information according to the fair value hierarchy. The fair value hierarchy ranks the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values into three broad levels as follows:
Level 1:
Valuations for assets and liabilities traded in active markets from readily available pricing sources for market transactions involving identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2:
Valuations for assets and liabilities traded in less active dealer or broker markets. Valuations are obtained from third-party pricing services for identical or similar assets or liabilities.
Level 3:
Valuations incorporate certain assumptions and projections in determining the fair value assigned to such assets or liabilities.
In instances where the determination of the fair value measurement is based on inputs from different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the entire fair value measurement falls is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset or liability. The valuation methodologies used for the Company's financial instruments measured on a recurring basis at fair value, including the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy, is set forth in the tables below.

10

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
As of June 30, 2015
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
Carrying
 
Fair
 
As of June 30, 2015
 
Amount
 
Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Cash
$
10,621

 
$
10,621

 
$
10,621

 
$

 
$

       Money Market Funds
3,776

 
3,776

 
3,776

 

 

Total
$
14,397

 
$
14,397

 
$
14,397

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marketable securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money Market Funds
$
48

 
$
48

 
$
48

 
$

 
$

Mutual Funds
60

 
60

 
60

 

 

U.S. Treasury securities
1,235

 
1,235

 
1,235

 

 

Government agency securities
259

 
259

 
259

 

 

Total
$
1,602

 
$
1,602

 
$
1,602

 
$

 
$

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asuragen
$
4,476

 
$
4,476

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,476

RedPath
22,066

 
22,066

 

 

 
22,066

 
$
26,542

 
$
26,542

 
$

 
$

 
$
26,542

 
The fair value of cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities is valued using market prices in active markets (level 1). As of June 30, 2015, the Company did not have any marketable securities in less active markets (level 2) or without observable market values that would require a high level of judgment to determine fair value (level 3).

In connection with the acquisition of assets from Asuragen and the acquisition of RedPath, the Company recorded $4.5 million and $22.1 million of contingent cash consideration related to deferred payments and revenue based payments, respectively. The Company determined the fair value of the contingent consideration based on a probability-weighted income approach derived from revenue estimates. The fair value measurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement.  There was no change in the fair value of the contingent consideration during the period ended June 30, 2015.

The Company considers carrying amounts of accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses to approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these financial instruments.  There is no fair value ascribed to the letters of credit as management does not expect any material losses to result from these instruments because performance is not expected to be required.

Certain of the Company's non-financial assets, such as other intangible assets are measured at fair value when there is an indicator of impairment and recorded at fair value only when an impairment charge is recognized.

7.
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Letters of Credit
As of June 30, 2015, the Company had outstanding letters of credit of $1.4 million as required by its existing insurance policies and facility leases.  These letters of credit are supported by investments in held-to-maturity securities.  See Note 3, Investments in Marketable Securities, for additional detail regarding investments in marketable securities.
Contingency

11

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

In connection with the acquisition of RedPath on October 31, 2014, the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Interpace Diagnostics, LLC (Interpace) entered into a Contingent Consideration Agreement with RedPath Equityholder Representative, LLC (the Equityholder Representative). Pursuant to the Contingent Consideration Agreement, the Company agreed to issue to the equityholders of RedPath 500,000 shares (the Shares) of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.01 (Common Stock), upon acceptance for publication of a specified article related to PathFinderTG® for the management of Barrett’s esophagus. The pending issuance of Common Stock was recorded as Additional paid-in capital in the Company's consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2014. On April 13, 2015, this milestone was reached upon acceptance for publication of new data supporting the use of BarreGen™ for predicting risk of progression from Barrett’s esophagus to esophageal cancer. On June 16, 2015 the 500,000 shares were issued from Treasury stock decreasing the balance in treasury stock by approximately $6.1 million with a corresponding decrease in Additional paid-in capital of $6.1 million.
Litigation
Due to the nature of the businesses in which the Company is engaged, such as product detailing and in commercialization of diagnostic tests, it is subject to certain risks. Such risks include, among others, risk of liability for personal injury or death to persons using products the Company promotes or commercializes. There can be no assurance that substantial claims or liabilities will not arise in the future due to the nature of the Company’s business activities and recent increases in litigation related to healthcare products. The Company seeks to reduce its potential liability under its service agreements through measures such as contractual indemnification provisions with customers (the scope of which may vary from customer to customer, and the performance of which is not secured) and insurance. The Company could, however, also be held liable for errors and omissions of its employees in connection with the services it performs that are outside the scope of any indemnity or insurance policy. The Company could be materially adversely affected if it were required to pay damages or incur defense costs in connection with a claim that is outside the scope of an indemnification agreement; if the indemnity, although applicable, is not performed in accordance with its terms; or if the Company’s liability exceeds the amount of applicable insurance or indemnity.

The Company routinely assesses its litigation and threatened litigation as to the probability of ultimately incurring a liability, and records its best estimate of the ultimate loss in situations where the Company assesses the likelihood of loss as probable. The Company accrues for a liability when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Significant judgment is required in both the determination of probability and the determination as to whether a loss is reasonably estimable. In addition, in the event the Company determines that a loss is not probable, but is reasonably possible, and it becomes possible to develop what the Company believes to be a reasonable range of possible loss, then the Company will include disclosures related to such matter as appropriate and in compliance with ASC 450. To the extent there is a reasonable possibility that the losses could exceed the amounts already accrued, the Company will, as applicable, adjust the accrual in the period the determination is made, disclose an estimate of the additional loss or range of loss, indicate that the estimate is immaterial with respect to its financial statements as a whole or, if the amount of such adjustment cannot be reasonably estimated, disclose that an estimate cannot be made. As of June 30, 2015 the Company's accrual for litigation and threatened litigation was not material to the consolidated financial statements.

In connection with the October 31, 2014 acquisition of RedPath the Company assumed a liability for a January 2013 settlement agreement (the Settlement Agreement) entered into by the former owners of RedPath with the U.S. Department of Justice (the DOJ). Under the terms of the Settlement Agreement, the Company is obligated to make payments to the DOJ for the calendar years ended December 31, 2014 through 2017 up to a maximum of $3.0 million.

Payments are due March 31st following the calendar year that the revenue milestones are achieved under the Settlement Agreement. The Company has been indemnified by the former owners of RedPath for $2.5 million of the obligation and has recorded an indemnification asset of that amount within other non-current assets. During the six-month period ended June 30, 2015, the Company paid $0.3 million and has $2.8 million recorded as its best estimate of the amount that remains to be paid under the settlement agreement based on its estimate of future revenues, of which $0.5 million is included in other accrued expenses and $2.3 million is included in other long-term liabilities.

Prolias Technologies, Inc. v. PDI, Inc.
 
On April 8, 2015, Prolias Technologies, Inc. ("Prolias") filed a complaint (the "Complaint") against the Company with the Superior Court of New Jersey (Morris County) in a matter entitled Prolias Technologies, Inc. v. PDI, Inc. (Docket

12

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

No. MRS-L-899-15) (the "Prolias Litigation").  In the Complaint, Prolias alleges that it and the Company entered into an August 19, 2013 Collaboration Agreement and a First Amendment thereto (collectively the "Agreement"), whereby Prolias and the Company agreed to work in good faith to commercialize a diagnostic test known as "Thymira."  Thymira is a minimally invasive diagnostic test that is being developed to detect thyroid cancer.
 
Prolias alleges in the Complaint that the Company wrongfully terminated the Agreement, breached obligations owed to it under the Agreement and committed torts by (i) failing to effectively and timely validate Thymira, (ii) purchasing a competitor of Prolias and working to commercialize the competitive product at the expense of Thymira, and (iii) interfering with a license agreement that Prolias had with Cornell University related to a license for Thymira.   Prolias asserts claims against the Company for breach of contract, breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, intentional interference with contract and breach of fiduciary duty and seeks to recover unspecified compensatory damages, punitive damages, interest and costs of suit.
 
On June 3, 2015, the Company filed an Answer and Counterclaim in response to the Complaint. In the Answer, the Company denied liability for the claims being asserted in the Complaint. In the Counterclaim, the Company asserted claims against Prolias for breaches of the Agreement and for a declaratory judgment. The Company seeks damages from Prolias in excess of $500,000 plus interest and attorney’s fees and costs, together with a declaration compelling Prolias to execute and deliver to the Company a promissory note in the amount of One Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars ($1,500,000.00) to evidence Prolias’ obligation to repay the Company for amounts that were advanced.

Prolias’ Reply to the Counterclaim is due on August 20, 2015. The parties have served discovery requests related to the claims and defenses asserted in the Prolias Litigation, but responses to discovery will not be provided until September 2015.

The Company denies that it is liable to Prolias for any of the claims asserted in the Complaint and it intends to vigorously defend itself against those claims and pursue all claims asserted in the Counterclaim.



8.
ACCRUED EXPENSES AND LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
Other accrued expenses consisted of the following as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Accrued pass-through costs
$
2,198

 
$
1,043

Facilities realignment accrual
404

 
517

Self-insurance accruals
542

 
463

Indemnification liability
875

 
875

Contingent consideration
633

 
633

Acquisition related costs

 
1,225

Liabilities held-for-sale

 
2,820

Rent payable
479

 
348

DOJ settlement
500

 
500

Accrued interest
353

 
465

All others
6,722

 
5,933

 
$
12,706

 
$
14,822


Long-term liabilities consisted of the following as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Rent payable
$
235

 
$
209

Uncertain tax positions
3,349

 
3,267

Deferred tax liability
2,525

 
2,525

DOJ settlement (indemnified by RedPath)
2,250

 
2,500

Liabilities held-for-sale

 
329

Other
382

 
313

 
$
8,741

 
$
9,143


9.
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
In February 2015, under the terms of the stockholder-approved PDI, Inc. 2004 Stock Award Incentive Plan (the 2004 Plan), the Compensation and Management Development Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company (the Compensation Committee) approved grants of restricted stock to certain executive officers and members of senior management of the Company. The full Board of Directors approved the portion of these grants made to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer.  As part of the Company's 2014 long-term incentive plan, these grants aggregated 444,364 shares of restricted stock issued with a weighted average grant date fair value of $1.73 per share.
The grant date fair values of SARs awards are determined using a Black-Scholes pricing model.  Assumptions utilized in the model are evaluated and revised, as necessary, to reflect market conditions and experience. The following table provides the weighted average assumptions used in determining the fair value of the non-market based SARs awards granted during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014: 

13

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Risk-free interest rate
1.02%
 
0.71%
Expected life
3.5 years
 
3.5 years
Expected volatility
54.47%
 
47.94%
Dividend yield
—%
 
—%
In February 2014, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer was granted 188,165 market contingent SARs.  The market contingent SARs have an exercise price of $5.10, a five year term to expiration, and a weighted-average fair value of $1.87.  The fair value estimate of the market contingent SARs was calculated using a Monte Carlo Simulation model.  The market contingent SARs are subject to a time-based vesting schedule, but will not vest unless and until certain additional, market-based conditions are satisfied: (1) with respect to the initial 36,496 market contingent SARs, which vest on a time-based schedule on the first anniversary of the date of grant, the closing price of the Company’s common stock is at least $7.65 per share for the average of 60 consecutive trading days anytime within five years from the grant date; (2) with respect to the next 64,460 market contingent SARs, which vest on a time-based schedule on the second anniversary of the date of grant, the closing price of the Company’s common stock is at least $10.20 per share for the average of 60 consecutive trading days anytime within five years from the grant date; and (3) with respect to the final 87,209 market contingent SARs, which vest on a time-based schedule on the third anniversary of the date of grant, the closing price of the Company’s common stock is at least $15.30 per share for the average of 60 consecutive trading days anytime within five years from the grant date.  These stock prices represent premiums in excess of at least 50% of the closing stock price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.
The Company recognized $0.7 million and $0.7 million of stock-based compensation expense during each of the three-month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, and $1.1 million and $1.4 million for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
10.
INCOME TAXES
Generally, accounting standards require companies to provide for income taxes each quarter based on their estimate of the effective tax rate for the full year. The authoritative guidance for accounting for income taxes allows use of the discrete method when it provides a better estimate of income tax expense. Due to the Company's valuation allowance position, it is the Company's position that the discrete method provides a more accurate estimate of income tax expense and therefore income tax expense for the current quarter has been presented using the discrete method.  As the year progresses, the Company refines its estimate based on the facts and circumstances by each tax jurisdiction.  The following table summarizes income tax (benefit) expense on loss from continuing operations and the effective tax rate for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2015 and 2014
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2015

2014
 
2015
 
2014
(Benefit) provision for income tax
$
(177
)
 
$
65

 
$
(250
)
 
$
131

Effective income tax rate
2.6
%
 
(6.0
)%
 
2.3
%
 
(8.7
)%
Income tax benefit for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 was primarily due to net operating losses at one of the Company's operating subsidiaries, offset by minimum state and local taxes and gross margin taxes at various subsidiaries. Income tax expense for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 was primarily due to state and local taxes as the Company and its subsidiaries file separate income tax returns in numerous state and local jurisdictions.
11.
SEGMENT INFORMATION
The accounting policies of the segments are described in Note 1 of the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.  Corporate charges are allocated to each of

14

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

the reporting segments on the basis of total salary expense. Corporate charges include corporate headquarters costs and certain depreciation expenses. Certain corporate capital expenditures have not been allocated from the Commercial Services segment to the other reporting segments since it is impracticable to do so.
 
Commercial
Services
 
Interpace
Diagnostics
 
Consolidated
Three months ended June 30, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue, net
$
34,087

 
$
2,253

 
$
36,340

Operating income (loss)
$

 
$
(5,938
)
 
$
(5,938
)
Capital expenditures
$

 
$
78

 
$
78

Depreciation and amortization expense
$
243

 
$
1,098

 
$
1,341

 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended June 30, 2014:
 
 
 

 
 

Revenue, net
$
31,008

 
$

 
$
31,008

Operating income (loss)
$
(148
)
 
$
(914
)
 
$
(1,062
)
Capital expenditures
$
339

 
$

 
$
339

Depreciation and amortization expense
$
267

 
$
2

 
$
269

 
 
 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue, net
$
70,289

 
$
4,370

 
$
74,659

Operating income (loss)
$
1,463

 
$
(10,283
)
 
$
(8,820
)
Capital expenditures
$
6

 
$
536

 
$
542

Depreciation and amortization expense
$
494

 
$
2,005

 
$
2,499

 
 
 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2014:
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue, net
$
62,840

 
$

 
$
62,840

Operating income (loss)
$
317

 
$
(1,794
)
 
$
(1,477
)
Capital expenditures
$
853

 
$

 
$
853

Depreciation and amortization expense
$
502

 
$
3

 
$
505


12.
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
On December 31, 2014, the Company classified Group DCA as held-for-sale and wrote the assets of the business down to their fair values as the assets have become impaired. On February 27, 2015, the Company entered into an agreement (the Haymarket Agreement) to sell certain assets and liabilities of Group DCA to Haymarket Media, Inc. (Haymarket) in exchange for future services and potential future royalty payments.

The assets transferred under the Haymarket Agreement are customer facing contracts and agreements, and the related supporting records. The liabilities transferred are obligations to complete services under the aforementioned contracts and agreements. In exchange, the Company will receive: 

1. services performed by Haymarket, valued at approximately $0.8 million; and
2. a 15% royalty on contracts signed over the period from March 1, 2015 through February 28, 2018 relating to the clients, contracts and opportunities transferred to Haymarket under the agreement, valued at $0.1 million.

As of December 31, 2014, the Company incurred a non-cash charge of approximately $1.9 million. This non-cash charge included the write-down of goodwill and the accounts receivable of Group DCA, which is partially offset by the value of services performed by Haymarket and the fair value of future royalties, and the write-off of assets of $0.7 million.

15

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)

During the quarter ended March 31, 2015, the Company closed the transaction with Haymarket, reviewed its previous assumptions and recorded a non-cash adjustment of $0.2 million. The operations and related exit costs of Group DCA are shown as discontinued operations in all periods presented.

The Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss reflect the presentation of Group DCA, Pharmakon, and TVG as discontinued operations in all periods presented.

The table below presents the significant components of Group DCA's, Pharmakon's and TVG’s results included in Loss from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the quarters ended June 30, 2015 and 2014.

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2015

2014
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue, net
$

 
$
612

 
$
260

 
$
1,600

Loss from discontinued operations, before income tax
(263
)
 
(1,517
)
 
(386
)
 
(2,630
)
Provision for income tax
1

 
1

 
3

 
2

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
$
(264
)
 
$
(1,518
)
 
$
(389
)
 
$
(2,632
)
The major classes of assets and liabilities included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for Group DCA, TVG, and Pharmakon as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 are as follows:
 
June 30,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Current assets
$
1,062

 
$
613

Non-current assets
455

 
1,445

Total assets
$
1,517

 
$
2,058

Current liabilities
$
1,697

 
$
2,820

Non-current liabilities
171

 
329

Total liabilities
$
1,868

 
$
3,149


16

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)


13.
INVESTMENT IN PRIVATELY HELD NON-CONTROLLED ENTITY AND OTHER ARRANGEMENTS
In August 2013, PDI entered into phase one of a collaboration agreement with Prolias to commercialize its fully-developed, molecular diagnostic tests. Under the terms of phase one of the collaboration agreement, PDI paid an initial fee of $1.5 million and had the ability to enter the second phase of the collaboration agreement in the form of a call option to purchase the outstanding common stock of Prolias. The Company also had the option to contribute an additional $0.5 million for mutually agreed upon activities in furtherance of collaboration efforts. If PDI purchased the outstanding common stock of Prolias, in addition to the option price based on the achievement of milestones, beginning in 2015, PDI would have paid a royalty of 7.0% on annual net revenue up to $50.0 million with escalating royalty percentages for higher annual net revenue capped at 11.0% for annual net revenue in excess of $100.0 million. In the fourth quarter of 2014, the Company identified events that have had an adverse effect on the fair value of this cost-method investment and impaired the initial investment of $1.5 million.

Through June 30, 2014, the Company loaned Prolias approximately $0.7 million bearing a 4.0% interest rate. As of December 31, 2014, the loan balance was $0.6 million. PDI recorded the loan receivable within Other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. In the fourth quarter of 2014, the Company fully reserved for the loan, recording a charge of approximately $0.6 million. On March 30, 2015, the Company terminated the collaboration agreement between the parties.

Other Arrangements

In October 2013, the Company entered into phase one of a collaboration agreement to commercialize CardioPredict™, a molecular diagnostic test developed by Transgenomic, in the United States. Under the terms of the collaboration agreement, PDI was responsible for all U.S.-based marketing and promotion of CardioPredict™, while Transgenomic would be responsible for processing CardioPredict™ in its state-of-the-art CLIA lab and all customer support. Both parties were responsible for their respective expenses. Subsequently, the Company determined that it would not enter into the second phase of the collaboration agreement with Transgenomic and notified Transgenomic of its decision to terminate the collaboration agreement effective June 30, 2014.

PDI's costs related to both of these agreements are expensed in the Company's Interpace Diagnostics segment and reflected in Cost of sales or General and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Loss, depending upon the underlying nature of the expenses incurred.


17

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)


14.    LONG-TERM DEBT

On October 31, 2014, the Company and Interpace, entered into an agreement to acquire RedPath (the Transaction). In connection with the Transaction, the Company entered into a subordinated note with former RedPath Equityholders, dated October 31, 2014 (the Note).

The Note is $11.0 million, interest-free and will be paid in eight equal consecutive quarterly installments beginning October 1, 2016. In the second quarter of 2015, the final working capital adjustment was made, reducing the balance of the note to approximately $10.7 million. The interest rate will be 5.0% in the event of a default under the Note. The obligations of the Company under the Note are guaranteed by the Company and its subsidiaries pursuant to the Subordinated Guarantee in favor of the Equityholder Representative. Pursuant to the Subordinated Guarantee, the Company and its subsidiaries also granted a security interest in substantially all of their assets, including intellectual property, to secure their obligations to the Equityholder Representative. Based on the Company's incremental borrowing rate under its Credit Agreement, the fair value of the Note at the date of issuance was $7.4 million. During the six months ended June 30, 2015 and the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company accreted approximately $0.4 million and $0.1 million into interest expense, respectively, using the effective interest method. As of June 30, 2015, the balance of the Note is approximately $8.0 million and the unamortized discount is $2.7 million.

In addition, the Company entered into the Credit Agreement with SWK Funding LLC (the Agent) and the lenders in connection with the Transaction in the aggregate principal amount of $20.0 million (the Loan). The maturity date of the Loan is October 31, 2020. The Loan bears interest at the greater of (a) three month LIBOR and (b) 1.0%, plus a margin of 12.5%, payable in cash quarterly in arrears, beginning on February 17, 2015. The interest rate will be increased by 3.0% in the event of a default under the Credit Agreement. Beginning in January 2017, the Company will be required to make principal payments on the Loan. Beginning in January 2017 and ending on October 31, 2020, subject to a $250,000 per quarter cap, the Lenders will be entitled to receive quarterly revenue based payments from the Company equal to 1.25% of revenue derived from net sales of molecular diagnostics products (the Synthetic Royalty). The Company received net proceeds of approximately $19.6 million following payment of certain fees and expenses in connection with the Credit Agreement.

The Company paid approximately $0.1 million of certain out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred by the lenders and the Agent and a $0.3 million origination fee, both of which are being accreted as interest expense over the life of the loan using the effective interest method. The Company is also obligated to pay a $0.8 million exit fee which the Company is also accreting to interest expense over the life of the Loan. During the quarter ended June 30, 2015, the Company accreted approximately $0.4 million into interest expense and recorded the liability within Long-term debt, net of debt discount in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. If the Company prepays the Loan, other than under mandatory conditions, the Company is obligated to pay a prepayment fee equal to: 6.0% of the Loan if the Loan is prepaid on or after October 31, 2015 but prior to October 31, 2016; 5.0% of the Loan if the Loan is prepaid on or after October 31, 2016 but prior to October 31, 2017; and 2.0% if the Loan is prepaid on or after October 31, 2017 but prior to October 31, 2018. In addition, if the Company voluntarily prepays the loan the Company is obligated to pay a prepayment premium applicable to the Synthetic Royalty equal to (i)(1) 1.25% multiplied by (2) the lesser of (A) $80.0 million and (B) the aggregate revenue on net sales of molecular diagnostics products for the four most recently-completed fiscal quarters, multiplied by (ii) the number of days remaining until October 31, 2020, divided by (iii) 360. The Company must also make a mandatory prepayment in connection with the disposition of certain of the Company’s assets with sales proceeds exceeding $1.0 million. As of June 30, 2015 the balance of the Loan, net of unamortized debt discount, was $19.7 million.

The obligations of the Company under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by the Company and its subsidiaries in favor of the Agent for the benefit of the lenders. The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties in favor of the Agent and the lenders and certain covenants, including among other things, financial covenants relating to liquidity and revenue targets. As of June 30, 2015, the Company is in compliance with these covenants.

Pursuant to a Guarantee and Collateral Agreement, dated October 31, 2014, by the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, Group DCA, LLC, Interpace Biopharma, LLC, Interpace, JS Genetics, Inc. and Interpace Diagnostics Corporation (f.k.a., RedPath Acquisition Sub, Inc.) (Subsidiaries), in favor of lenders, the obligations of the Company under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by the Company and its Subsidiaries in favor of the Agent for the benefit of the lenders and the Company and its Subsidiaries granted a security interest in substantially all of their assets, including intellectual property, to secure their obligations to the Agent for the benefit of the lenders.



18

PDI, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular information in thousands, except per share amounts)


Principal payments due related to the long-term debt over next five are as follows:

 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
Subordinated note
$

 
$
1,334

 
$
5,335

 
$
4,001

 
$

Loan

 

 
2,534

 
5,000

 
5,000

 
$

 
$
1,334

 
$
7,869

 
$
9,001

 
$
5,000



In addition, the Company recorded approximately $0.3 million of legal costs in connection with the Credit Facility and capitalized them as deferred financing costs within Other long-term assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. These deferred financing costs are being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method over the term of the Credit Facility.

19

PDI, Inc.


Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. as amended (the Exchange Act).  Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about our plans, objectives, beliefs and expectations, are forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements include statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “estimates,” “intends,” “projects,” “should,” "could," “may,” “will” or similar words and expressions.  These forward-looking statements are contained throughout this Form 10-Q.
Forward-looking statements are only predictions and are not guarantees of future performance.  These statements are based on current expectations and assumptions involving judgments about, among other things, future economic, competitive and market conditions and future business decisions, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict accurately and many of which are beyond our control.  These predictions are also affected by known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results to be materially different from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement.  Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict.  Such factors include, but are not limited to, the following:

our ability to profitably grow our Interpace Diagnostics segment, including our ability to successfully compete in the market;
our ability to successfully negotiate contracts in our Commercial Services segment with reasonable margins and favorable payment terms;
our ability to obtain broad adoption of and reimbursement for our molecular diagnostic tests in a changing reimbursement environment;
the demand for our molecular diagnostic tests from physicians and patients;
whether we are able to successfully utilize our operating experience from our Commercial Services segment to sell our molecular diagnostic tests;
our dependence on third parties for the supply of some of the materials used in our molecular diagnostic tests;
our plans to develop, acquire and commercialize our existing and planned molecular diagnostic tests, as applicable;
the effect current and future laws, licensing requirements and regulations have on our Commercial Services and Interpace Diagnostics segments;
our exposure to environmental liability as a result of our Interpace Diagnostics segment;
the susceptibility of our information systems to security breaches, loss of data and other disruptions;
our compliance with our license agreements and our ability to protect and defend our intellectual property rights;
product liability claims against us;
our involvement in current and future litigation against us;
our billing practices and our ability to collect on claims for the sale of our molecular diagnostic tests and Interpace Diagnostics;
in our Commercial Services segment, early termination of a significant services contract, the loss of one or more of our significant customers or a material reduction in service revenues from such customers;
our customer concentration risk in our Commercial Services segment in light of continued consolidation within the pharmaceutical industry and our current business development opportunities;
our ability to meet performance goals in incentive-based arrangements with customers in our Commercial Services segment;
our ability to attract and retain qualified sales representatives and other key employees and management personnel;
changes in outsourcing trends or a reduction in promotional and sales expenditures in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology and healthcare industries;
competition in the industries in which we operate or expect to operate;
our ability to obtain additional funds in order to implement our business models and strategies;
our ability to satisfy our debt, royalty and milestone obligations and comply with our debt covenants;
our ability to successfully identify, complete and integrate any future acquisitions or successfully complete and integrate our Interpace Diagnostics segment and the effects of any such items on our revenues, profitability and ongoing business;
failure of third-party service providers to perform their obligations to us;
the results of any future impairment testing for goodwill and other intangible assets;
the effect our largest stockholder may have on us; and

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PDI, Inc.

volatility of our stock price and fluctuations in our quarterly and annual revenues and earnings.

Please see Part I – Item 1A – “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, as well as other documents we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) from time-to-time, for other important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from our current expectations as expressed in the forward-looking statements discussed in this Form 10-Q.  Because of these and other risks, uncertainties and assumptions, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. In addition, these statements speak only as of the date of the report in which they are set forth and, except as may be required by law, we undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason.
OVERVIEW
We are a leading healthcare commercialization company providing go-to-market strategy and execution to established and emerging pharmaceutical, biotechnology, diagnostics and healthcare companies in the United States through our Commercial Services segment, and developing and commercializing molecular diagnostic tests through our Interpace Diagnostics segment.

Our Commercial Services segment is focused on providing outsourced pharmaceutical, biotechnology, medical device and diagnostic sales teams to our customers. Through this business, we offer a range of complementary sales support services designed to achieve our customers’ strategic and financial objectives. Our customers in this business include pharmaceutical, biotechnology, diagnostics and healthcare companies. In this business, we also provide integrated multi-channel message delivery.

Our Interpace Diagnostics segment is focused on developing and commercializing molecular diagnostic tests, leveraging the latest technology and personalized medicine for better patient diagnosis and management. Through our Interpace Diagnostics segment, we aim to provide physicians and patients with diagnostic options for detecting genetic and other molecular alterations that are associated with gastrointestinal and endocrine cancers. Customers in our Interpace Diagnostics segment consist primarily of physicians, hospitals and clinics.
 
We provide pharmaceutical, biotechnology, diagnostics and healthcare companies with full-service outsourced product commercialization and promotion solutions through our Commercial Services segment.  Our Commercial Services segment offers customers a range of standard and customizable options for their products throughout their entire lifecycles, from development to commercialization.  We have over 25 years of experience in the services business that allows us to provide services that are innovative, flexible and designed to drive our customers’ profits and respond to a continually changing market.  Over the course of our operating history, we have designed and successfully implemented commercialization programs for many large pharmaceutical companies, a variety of emerging and specialty pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and diagnostic and other healthcare service providers.  Our services provide a vital link between our customers and the medical community through the communication of product information to physicians and other healthcare professionals for use in the care of their patients.

We are also developing and commercializing molecular diagnostic tests to detect genetic and other molecular alterations that are associated with gastrointestinal and endocrine cancers through our Interpace Diagnostics segment. As a result of our 2014 acquisitions of RedPath Integrated Pathology, Inc. (RedPath) and certain assets from Asuragen, Inc. (Asuragen) our Interpace Diagnostics segment offers PancraGen™ (formerly known as PathFinderTG® Pancreas), a diagnostic test designed for determining risk of malignancy in pancreatic cysts, and ThyGenX™, a next-generation sequencing test designed to assist physicians in distinguishing between benign and malignant genotypes in indeterminate thyroid nodules. We also launched in April 2015 ThyraMIR™, our second thyroid nodule cancer test, which is a micro RNA-based highly sensitive “rule out” thyroid cancer complementary test. We believe the combination of ThyGenX™ and ThyraMIR™ should establish us as a strong competitor in the thyroid cancer diagnostic test space.

In addition, we have diagnostic tests in late stage development that are designed to detect genetic and other molecular alterations that are associated with gastrointestinal cancers.

DESCRIPTION OF REPORTING SEGMENTS
For the quarter ended June 30, 2015, the operating segments or service offerings included in our reporting segments are as follows:
Commercial Services reporting segment, consists of the following service offerings:

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PDI, Inc.

Personal Promotion, through our:
Dedicated Sales Teams; and
Established Relationship Team.
Medical and Clinical Services; and
Full product commercialization.
Interpace Diagnostics reporting segment, which consists of the following operating segments:
Gastrointestinal; and
Endocrinology.

Selected financial information for each of these segments is contained in Note 11, Segment Information, to these interim financial statements and in the discussion under the caption Consolidated Results of Operations.
Commercial Services

Nature of Contracts by Segment
Revenue, net (revenue) under Commercialization Services contracts is generally based on the number of sales representatives utilized or the number of physician details made and, when applicable, the full commercial operations services provided.  If contracts include full commercial operations services, we have determined that there are two units of accounting in these arrangements: the sales team providing product detailing services; and the commercial operations providing full supply chain management, operations, marketing, compliance, and regulatory/medical management services.  Revenue is generally recognized on a straight-line basis over the contract period or as the physician details are performed. A portion of revenues earned under certain contracts may be risk-based. The risk-based metrics may be based on activity metrics such as call activity, turnover, or other agreed upon measures, or on contractually defined percentages of prescriptions written.  Revenue from risk-based metrics is recognized in the period which the metrics have been attained and when we are reasonably assured that payment will be made. Many of our product detailing contracts also allow for additional periodic incentive fees to be earned if certain activities have occurred or client specific sales performance benchmarks have been attained. Revenue from incentive fees is recognized in the period earned when the performance benchmarks have been attained and when we are reasonably assured that payment will be made.  Many contracts also stipulate penalties if agreed upon performance benchmarks have not been met.  Revenue is recognized net of any potential penalties until the performance criteria relating to the penalties have been achieved.  Commission based revenue is recognized when performance is completed. 
 
Our Commercial Services contracts are generally for terms of one to three years and may be renewed or extended.  The majority of these contracts, however, are terminable by the customer without cause upon 30 days' - to 180 days’ prior written notice.  Certain contracts include provisions mandating that such notice may not be provided prior to a pre-determined future date and also provide for termination payments if the customer terminates the agreement without cause.  Typically, however, the total compensation provided by minimum service periods (otherwise referred to as minimum purchase obligations) and termination payments within any individual agreement will not fully offset the revenue we would have earned from fully executing the contract or the costs we may incur as a result of its early termination.

We maintain continuing relationships with our Commercial Services customers which may lead to multiple ongoing contracts between us and one customer. In situations where we enter into multiple contracts with one customer at or near the same time, we evaluate the various factors involved in negotiating the arrangements in order to determine if the contracts were negotiated as a package and should be accounted for as a single agreement.
  
Cost of services consists primarily of the costs associated with executing product detailing programs, performance based contracts or other sales and marketing services identified in the contract and includes personnel costs and other direct costs, as well as the initial direct costs associated with staffing a product detailing program. Personnel costs, which constitute the largest portion of cost of services, include all labor related costs, such as salaries, bonuses, fringe benefits and payroll taxes for the sales representatives, sales managers and professional staff that are directly responsible for executing a particular program. Other direct costs include, but are not limited to, facility rental fees, travel expenses, sample expenses and other promotional expenses.

Initial direct program costs are the costs associated with initiating a product detailing program, such as recruiting and hiring and certain other direct incremental costs, excluding pass through costs that are billed to customers. Other direct costs include, but are not limited to, facility rental fees, travel expenses, sample expenses and other promotional expenses.

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PDI, Inc.

 
Reimbursable out-of-pocket expenses include those relating to travel and other similar costs, for which we are reimbursed at cost by our customers.  Reimbursements received for out-of-pocket expenses incurred are characterized as revenue and an identical amount is included as cost of services in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. 
 
Training costs include the costs of training the sales representatives and managers on a particular product detailing program so that they are qualified to properly perform the services specified in the related contract.  For the majority of our contracts, training costs are reimbursable out-of-pocket expenses.
 
Interpace Diagnostics

Interpace Diagnostics revenue is generated using our proprietary tests. Our performance obligation is fulfilled upon the completion, review and release of test results. In conjunction with fulfilling these services, we bill the third-party payor or hospital. We recognize Interpace Diagnostics revenue related to billings for Medicare, Medicare Advantage, hospitals, and other third party payers on an accrual basis, net of contractual adjustment, when a contract is in place, a reliable pattern of collectability exists and collectability is reasonably assured. Contractual adjustments represent the difference between the list prices and the reimbursement rate set by Medicare and Medicare Advantage, insurance companies, and the contractual rate or the amounts agreed to with hospitals.

Until a contract has been negotiated with a commercial insurance carrier or governmental program, the services may or may not be covered by these entities' existing reimbursement policies. In addition, we do not enter into direct agreements with patients that commit them to pay any portion of the cost of the tests in the event that insurance declines to reimburse us. In the absence of an agreement with the patient or other clearly enforceable legal right to demand payment, the related revenue is only recognized upon the earlier of payment notification or cash receipt. Accordingly, we recognize revenue from commercial insurance carriers and governmental programs without contracts, when payment is received.

Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists and delivery is deemed to have occurred upon completion, review, and release of the test results at which time we will bill the third-party payor or hospital. The assessment of the fixed or determinable nature of the fees charged for diagnostic testing performed, and the collectability of those fees, requires significant judgment by our management. Our management believes that these two criteria have been met when there is contracted reimbursement coverage or a predictable pattern of collectability with individual third-party payors or hospitals and accordingly, recognizes revenue upon delivery of the test results. In the absence of contracted reimbursement coverage or a predictable pattern of collectability, we believe that the fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured only upon request of third-party payor notification of payment or when cash is received, and we recognize revenue at that time.

Cost of services consists primarily of the costs associated with operating our laboratories and other costs directly related to our tests. Personnel costs, which constitute the largest portion of cost of services, include all labor related costs, such as salaries, bonuses, fringe benefits and payroll taxes for laboratory personnel. Other direct costs include, but are not limited to, laboratory supplies, certain consulting expenses, and facility expenses.

CONSOLIDATED RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain statements of operations data as a percentage of revenue, net. The trends illustrated in this table may not be indicative of future results.

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PDI, Inc.

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial Services
93.8
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
94.1
 %
 
100.0
 %
Interpace Diagnostics
6.2
 %
 
 %
 
5.9
 %
 
 %
Total revenue, net
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
Cost of revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial Services
83.3
 %
 
82.7
 %
 
81.8
 %
 
83.0
 %
Interpace Diagnostics
82.2
 %
 
 %
 
78.4
 %
 
 %
Total cost of revenue
83.2
 %
 
83.3
 %
 
81.6
 %
 
83.6
 %
Gross profit
16.8
 %
 
16.7
 %
 
18.4
 %
 
16.4
 %
Sales and marketing expense
9.0
 %
 
 %
 
7.4
 %
 
 %
Research and development expense
1.1
 %
 
 %
 
0.9
 %
 
 %
General and administrative expense
20.2
 %
 
20.2
 %
 
19.5
 %
 
18.8
 %
Acquisition related amortization expense
2.7
 %
 
 %
 
2.5
 %
 
 %
Total operating expenses
33.1
 %
 
20.2
 %
 
30.2
 %
 
18.8
 %
Operating loss
(16.3
)%
 
(3.4
)%
 
(11.8
)%
 
(2.4
)%
Interest expense
(2.4
)%
 
 %
 
(2.3
)%
 
 %
Other expense, net
(0.2
)%
 
 %
 
(0.2
)%
 
 %
Loss income from continuing operations before income tax
(19.0
)%
 
(3.5
)%
 
(14.3
)%
 
(2.4
)%
(Benefit) provision for income tax
(0.5
)%
 
0.2
 %
 
(0.3
)%
 
0.2
 %
Loss from continuing operations
(18.5
)%
 
(3.7
)%
 
(14.0
)%
 
(2.6
)%
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
(0.7
)%
 
(4.9
)%
 
(0.5
)%
 
(4.2
)%
Net loss
(19.2
)%
 
(8.6
)%
 
(14.5
)%
 
(6.8
)%

Results of Continuing Operations for the Quarter Ended June 30, 2015 Compared to the Quarter Ended June 30, 2014
Overview
We currently operate in two reporting segments: Commercial Services and Interpace Diagnostics. In the second quarter of 2015, the revenue, net (revenue) increase in our Commercial Services segment drove an increase in gross profit relative to the second quarter of 2014. Separately, as anticipated, we incurred a loss within the quarter for our Interpace Diagnostics segment due to the ramping up of this business.

Our Commercial Services revenue and profitability depend to a great extent on our relationships with a limited number of large pharmaceutical companies.  Our two largest customers in 2015 accounted for approximately 36.3% (Pfizer Inc.) and 17.1% (Boehringer Ingelheim), respectively, of our revenue. Our two largest customers for the six months ended June 30, 2014 accounted for approximately 46.6% (Pfizer Inc.) and 22.3% (Vivus, Inc.), respectively, of our revenue.  We believe that we will continue to experience a high degree of customer concentration and that the loss or a significant reduction of business from any of our major customers, or a decrease in demand for our services, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.


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PDI, Inc.

 Revenue, net (in thousands)
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change ($)
 
Change (%)
Commercial Services
$
34,087

 
$
31,008

 
$
3,079

 
9.9
%
Interpace Diagnostics
2,253

 

 
2,253

 
%
Total
$
36,340

 
$
31,008

 
$
5,332

 
17.2
%
Consolidated revenue for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 increased by $5.3 million, or 17.2%, to $36.3 million, compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014. The increase was primarily a result of the start of a large Established Relationship Team (ERT) contract in the fourth quarter of 2014 in our Commercial Services segment of $7.3 million and sales of PancraGen in our Diagnostic Services segment of $2.0 million.
Revenue in our Commercial Services segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 increased by $3.1 million, or 9.9%, to $34.1 million, compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014. This increase was primarily due to the start of the ERT contract mentioned above.
Revenue in our Interpace Diagnostic segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 was $2.3 million.  This revenue was attributable to our 2014 acquisitions and sales of PancraGen. There was no revenue for this segment in the second quarter of 2014.
Cost of revenue (in thousands)
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change ($)
 
Change (%)
Commercial Services
$
28,393

 
$
25,659

 
$
2,734

 
10.7
%
Interpace Diagnostics
1,851

 
156

 
1,695

 
1,086.5
%
Total
$
30,244

 
$
25,815

 
$
4,429

 
17.2
%

Consolidated cost of revenue for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 increased by $4.4 million, or 17.2%, to $30.2 million, compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014. The increase in cost of revenue is directly attributable to the increase in revenues in both of our segments.
Cost of revenue in our Commercial Services segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 increased by $2.7 million, or 10.7%, to $28.4 million, compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014. The increase in Commercial Services cost of revenue is due to the additional headcount associated with the increase in revenue discussed above.
Cost of revenue in our Interpace Diagnostic segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 was $1.9 million, compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014 of $0.2 million. The cost of revenue increase was attributable to the acquisitions we made in the third and fourth quarters of 2014.
Gross profit (in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Commercial
 
% of
 
Interpace
 
% of
 
 
 
% of
June 30,
 
Services
 
Sales
 
Diagnostics
 
Sales
 
Total
 
Sales
2015
 
$
5,694

 
16.7
%
 
$
402

 
17.8
%
 
$
6,096

 
16.8
%
2014
 
5,349

 
17.3
%
 
(156
)
 
%
 
5,193

 
16.7
%
Change
 
$
345

 
 

 
$
558

 
 

 
$
903

 
 


Consolidated gross profit for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 increased by $0.9 million, or 17.4%, to $6.1 million, compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014. The change in consolidated gross profit was primarily attributable to the increase in revenue in both segments.
The gross profit percentage in our Commercial Services segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 decreased to 16.7%, from 17.3% in the quarter ended June 30, 2014. This decrease was primarily due to lower margins within our Dedicated Sales Teams.

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PDI, Inc.

The gross profit percentage in our Interpace Diagnostics segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 was 17.8%, reflecting the early commercial stage of the business, we anticipate the gross margins of Interpace Diagnostics to improve over time.

Sales and marketing expense (in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Commercial
 
% of
 
Interpace
 
% of
 
 
 
% of
June 30,
 
Services
 
Sales
 
Diagnostics
 
Sales
 
Total
 
Sales
2015
 
$

 
%
 
$
3,285

 
145.8
%
 
$
3,285

 
9.0
%
2014
 

 
%
 

 
%
 

 
%
Change
 
$

 
 

 
$
3,285

 
 

 
$
3,285

 
 

 
Sales and marketing expense in our Interpace Diagnostic segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 was $3.3 million. As a percentage of segment revenue, sales and marketing expense was 145.8% for the quarter ended June 30, 2015, due to the ramping up of the business. We did not have sales and marketing expenses in the second quarter of 2014.
Research and development expenses (in thousands)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Commercial
 
% of
 
Interpace
 
% of
 
 
 
% of
June 30,
 
Services
 
Sales
 
Diagnostics
 
Sales
 
Total
 
Sales
2015
 
$

 
%
 
$
414

 
18.4
%
 
$
414

 
1.1
%
2014
 

 
%
 

 
%
 

 
%
Change
 
$

 
 

 
$
414

 
 

 
$
414

 
 


Research and development expenses in our Interpace Diagnostics segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 was $0.4 million. As a percentage of revenue, research and development expenses were 18.4% for the quarter ended June 30, 2015. There were no research and development expenses in the second quarter of 2014.
General and administrative expenses (in thousands)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Commercial
 
% of
 
Interpace
 
% of
 
 
 
% of
June 30,
 
Services
 
Sales
 
Diagnostics
 
Sales
 
Total
 
Sales
2015
 
$
5,694

 
16.7
%
 
$
1,655

 
73.5
%
 
$
7,349

 
20.2
%
2014
 
5,497

 
17.7
%
 
758

 
%
 
6,255

 
20.2
%
Change
 
$
197

 
 

 
$
897

 
 

 
$
1,094

 
 


Consolidated general and administrative expenses for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 increased by $1.1 million compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014. This is primarily attributable to our third and fourth quarter 2014 acquisitions and an increase in employee compensation costs. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of segment revenue were 20.2% for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 and 20.2% for the quarter ended June 30, 2014.
General and administrative expenses in our Commercial Services segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 increased by $0.2 million compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of segment revenue were 16.7%. General and administrative expenses for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 were $5.5 million and 17.7% as a percentage of segment revenue.
General and administrative expenses in our Interpace Diagnostics segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 increased by $0.9 million compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2014. This is primarily attributable to our acquisitions in the third and fourth quarters of 2014. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue were 73.5% due to the ramping up of the business. General and administrative expenses for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 were $0.8 million.

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PDI, Inc.

Acquisition related amortization expense (in thousands)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Commercial
 
% of
 
Interpace
 
% of
 
 
 
% of
June 30,
 
Services
 
Sales
 
Diagnostics
 
Sales
 
Total
 
Sales
2015
 
$

 
%
 
$
986

 
43.8
%
 
$
986

 
2.7
%
2014
 

 
%
 

 
%
 

 
%
Change
 
$

 
 

 
$
986

 
 

 
$
986

 
 


Acquisition related amortization expense in our Interpace Diagnostics segment for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 was $1.0 million. There was no amortization expense for the quarter ended June 30, 2014.
Operating loss
We had consolidated operating losses of $5.9 million and $1.1 million for the quarters ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  The increase in operating loss was primarily due to the start-up costs and investments made in our Interpace Diagnostics segment.
(Benefit) provision for income tax
We had an income tax benefit of approximately $0.2 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 and income tax expense of approximately $0.1 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2014. Income tax benefit for the quarter ended June 30, 2015 was primarily due to a loss at one of our operating subsidiaries for which we are able to benefit from the net operating losses, offset by minimum state and local taxes and gross margin taxes at various subsidiaries. Income tax expense for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 was primarily due to state and local taxes as we and our subsidiaries file separate income tax returns in numerous state and local jurisdictions.

Results of Continuing Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared to the Six Months Ended June 30, 2014
 Revenue, net (in thousands)
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change ($)
 
Change (%)
Commercial Services
$
70,289

 
$
62,840

 
$
7,449

 
11.9
%
Interpace Diagnostics
4,370

 

 
4,370

 
%
Total
$
74,659

 
$
62,840

 
$
11,819

 
18.8
%
Consolidated revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2015 increased by $11.8 million, or 18.8%, to $74.7 million, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. The increase was primarily a result of the start of a large ERT contract in the fourth quarter of 2014 in our Commercial Services segment of $12.8 million and sales of PancraGen in our Diagnostic Services segment of $4.0 million.
Revenue in our Commercial Services segment for the six months ended June 30, 2015 increased by $7.4 million, or 11.9%, to $70.3 million, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. This increase was primarily due to the start of the ERT contract mentioned above.
Revenue in our Interpace Diagnostic segment for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was $4.4 million.  This revenue was attributable to our 2014 acquisitions and sales of PancraGen. There was no revenue for this segment in the first six months of 2014.

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PDI, Inc.

Cost of revenue (in thousands)
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change ($)
 
Change (%)
Commercial Services
$
57,493

 
$
52,153

 
$
5,340

 
10.2
%
Interpace Diagnostics
3,425

 
375

 
3,050

 
813.3
%
Total
$
60,918

 
$
52,528

 
$
8,390

 
16.0
%

Consolidated cost of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2015 increased by $8.4 million, or 16.0%, to $60.9 million, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. The increase in cost of revenue is directly attributable to the increase in revenues in both of our segments.
Cost of revenue in our Commercial Services segment for the six months ended June 30, 2015 increased by $5.3 million, or 10.2%, to $57.5 million, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014. The increase in Commercial Services cost of revenue is due to the additional headcount associated with the increase in revenue discussed above.
Cost of revenue in our Interpace Diagnostic segment for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was $3.4 million, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2014 of 0.4 million. The cost of revenue increase was attributable to the acquisitions we made in the third and fourth quarters of 2014.
Gross profit (in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
Commercial
 
% of
 
Interpace
 
% of
 
 
 
% of
June 30,
 
Services
 
Sales
 
Diagnostics
 
Sales
 
Total
 
Sales
2015