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EX-32 - EX-32 - PARK OHIO HOLDINGS CORPpkoh20150630-ex32.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - PARK OHIO HOLDINGS CORPpkoh20150630-ex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - PARK OHIO HOLDINGS CORPpkoh20150630-ex311.htm
EX-10.1 - EX-10.1 - PARK OHIO HOLDINGS CORPpkoh20150630-ex101xagreeme.htm
EX-10.2 - EX-10.2 - PARK OHIO HOLDINGS CORPpkoh20150630-ex102xcashbon.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission file number: 000-03134
Park-Ohio Holdings Corp.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Ohio
 
34-1867219
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
6065 Parkland Boulevard, Cleveland, Ohio
 
44124
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(440) 947-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding twelve months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  þ Yes  ¨ No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  þ Yes  ¨ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
¨
 
Accelerated filer
þ
Non-accelerated filer
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  ¨ Yes  þ No
Number of shares outstanding of registrant’s Common Stock, par value $1.00 per share, as of July 31, 2015, 12,618,855 shares of the registrant’s common stock, $1 par value, were outstanding.
The Exhibit Index is located on page 35.

1


Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries

Index

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2


Part I. Financial Information 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
June 30,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
(In millions, except share and per share data)
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
50.9

 
$
58.0

Accounts receivable, less allowances for doubtful accounts of $3.6 million at June 30, 2015 and $4.1 million at December 31, 2014
216.8

 
208.0

Inventories, net
252.5

 
238.4

Deferred tax assets
28.9

 
28.9

Unbilled contract revenue
31.3

 
26.8

Other current assets
20.0

 
22.1

Total current assets
600.4

 
582.2

Property, plant and equipment, net
148.6

 
141.1

Goodwill
74.7

 
89.5

Intangible assets, net
96.9

 
88.1

Other long-term assets
78.0

 
73.3

Total assets
$
998.6

 
$
974.2

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Trade accounts payable
$
147.5

 
$
160.3

Accrued expenses and other
98.1

 
103.6

Total current liabilities
245.6

 
263.9

Long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
Debt, less current portion
457.2

 
434.4

Deferred tax liabilities
45.4

 
43.9

Other postretirement benefits and other long-term liabilities
40.9

 
40.1

Total long-term liabilities
543.5

 
518.4

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
Capital stock, par value $1 a share
 
 
 
Serial preferred stock: Authorized -- 632,470 shares: Issued and outstanding -- none

 

Common stock: Authorized -- 40,000,000 shares; Issued -- 14,607,320 shares in 2015 and 14,513,821 in 2014
14.6

 
14.5

Additional paid-in capital
93.4

 
89.8

Retained earnings
146.6

 
126.5

Treasury stock, at cost, 2,100,944 shares in 2015 and 2,014,692 shares in 2014
(35.6
)
 
(31.2
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(16.3
)
 
(14.0
)
Total Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries shareholders' equity
202.7

 
185.6

Noncontrolling interest
6.8

 
6.3

Total equity
209.5

 
191.9

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
998.6

 
$
974.2


Refer to the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions, except earnings per share data)
Net sales
$
377.3

 
$
343.3

 
$
752.0

 
$
661.1

Cost of sales
316.9

 
282.3

 
633.2

 
544.1

Gross profit
60.4

 
61.0

 
118.8

 
117.0

Selling, general and administrative expenses
34.8

 
34.9

 
68.9

 
68.7

Operating income
25.6

 
26.1

 
49.9

 
48.3

Interest expense
6.9

 
6.6

 
13.7

 
12.9

Income before income taxes
18.7

 
19.5

 
36.2

 
35.4

Income tax expense
6.1

 
6.6

 
12.5

 
12.2

Net income
12.6

 
12.9

 
23.7

 
23.2

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(0.2
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.7
)
Net income attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders
$
12.4

 
$
12.4

 
$
23.2

 
$
22.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.02

 
$
1.02

 
$
1.90

 
$
1.86

Diluted
$
1.00

 
$
1.00

 
$
1.87

 
$
1.81

Weighted-average shares used to compute earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
12.2

 
12.1

 
12.2

 
12.1

Diluted
12.4

 
12.4

 
12.4

 
12.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividend per common share
$
0.125

 
$
0.125

 
$
0.250

 
$
0.125


Refer to the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4


Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
Net income
$
12.6

 
$
12.9

 
$
23.7

 
$
23.2

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation gain (loss)
2.7

 
1.4

 
(2.6
)
 
1.0

Pension and postretirement benefit adjustments, net of tax
0.1

 
0.1

 
0.3

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
2.8

 
1.5

 
(2.3
)
 
1.0

Total comprehensive income, net of tax
15.4

 
14.4

 
21.4

 
24.2

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(0.2
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.7
)
Comprehensive income attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders
$
15.2

 
$
13.9

 
$
20.9

 
$
23.5


Refer to the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Shareholders' Equity (Unaudited)
 
Shares
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total
 
(In whole shares)
 
(In millions)
Balance at January 1, 2015
14,513,821

 
$
14.5

 
$
89.8

 
$
126.5

 
$
(31.2
)
 
$
(14.0
)
 
$
6.3

 
$
191.9

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 
23.2

 

 
(2.3
)
 
0.5

 
21.4

Share-based compensation expense and award activity
115,000

 
0.1

 
2.9

 

 

 

 

 
3.0

Restricted stock canceled
(21,501
)
 
 
 
0.7

 

 

 

 

 
0.7

Dividends

 

 

 
(3.1
)
 

 

 

 
(3.1
)
Purchase of treasury stock (86,252 shares)

 

 


 

 
(4.4
)
 

 

 
(4.4
)
Balance at June 30, 2015
14,607,320

 
$
14.6

 
$
93.4

 
$
146.6

 
$
(35.6
)
 
$
(16.3
)
 
$
6.8

 
$
209.5


Refer to the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
23.7

 
$
23.2

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
14.0

 
10.6

Share-based compensation
2.9

 
2.5

Gain on sale of assets

 
(0.5
)
Other

 
0.7

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding business acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(10.6
)
 
(26.4
)
Inventories and other current assets
(18.4
)
 
(7.4
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(17.7
)
 
12.2

Other
1.1

 
0.6

Net cash (used) provided by operating activities
(5.0
)
 
15.5

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(19.9
)
 
(12.3
)
Proceeds from sale of assets

 
0.5

Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 
(5.9
)
Net cash used by investing activities
(19.9
)
 
(17.7
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Proceeds from term loans and other debt
3.4

 

Payments on term loans and other debt
(1.5
)
 
(4.4
)
Proceeds from revolving credit facility, net
24.9

 
15.8

Dividends
(3.1
)
 
(1.6
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(4.4
)
 
(3.3
)
Other

 
(1.3
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
19.3

 
5.2

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(1.5
)
 
(0.8
)
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(7.1
)
 
2.2

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
58.0

 
55.2

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
50.9

 
$
57.4

Income taxes paid
$
7.6

 
$
13.2

Interest paid
$
12.7

 
$
12.4


Refer to the accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


7


Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015

NOTE 1 — Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “we”, “our” or the “Company”). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain amounts in the prior years’ financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2015. The balance sheet at December 31, 2014 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

NOTE 2 — New Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Pronouncements Adopted

In April 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-08, “Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity,” which raises the threshold for disposals to qualify as discontinued operations and requires new disclosures for discontinued operations and for individually material disposal transactions that do not meet the definition of a discontinued operation. The ASU is effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning with the first quarter of 2015. The adoption had no effect on our consolidated financial statement as it only applies to future disposals.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which was the result of a joint project by the FASB and International Accounting Standards Board to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue and to develop a common revenue standard for U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and International Financial Reporting Standards. The issuance of a comprehensive and converged standard on revenue recognition is expected to enable financial statement users to better understand and consistently analyze an entity’s revenue across industries, transactions, and geographies. The ASU will require additional disclosures to help financial statement users better understand the nature, amount, timing, and potential uncertainty of the revenue that is recognized. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. The ASU will require either retrospective application to each prior reporting period presented or retrospective application with the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard recognized at the date of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, "Interest-Imputation of Interest: Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs." The amendment requires an entity to present debt issuance costs in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from

8

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015


the related debt liability rather than as an asset. Amortization of the debt issuance costs will continue to be reported as interest expense. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The new guidance will be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented. The new guidance will only impact the presentation of the Company's financial position.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, "Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory." The amendment requires an entity to measure inventory within the scope of this update at the lower of cost and net realizable value. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The new guidance will be applied prospectively. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.

NOTE 3 — Segments

The Company operates through three reportable segments: Supply Technologies, Assembly Components and Engineered Products. Supply Technologies provides our customers with Total Supply Management™ services for a broad range of high-volume, specialty production components. Total Supply Management™ manages the efficiencies of every aspect of supplying production parts and materials to our customers’ manufacturing floor, from strategic planning to program implementation, and includes such services as engineering and design support, part usage and cost analysis, supplier selection, quality assurance, bar coding, product packaging and tracking, just-in-time and point-of-use delivery, electronic billing services and ongoing technical support. Assembly Components manufactures cast aluminum components, automotive and industrial rubber and thermoplastic products, gasoline direct injection systems and fuel filler and hydraulic fluid assemblies. Assembly Components also provides value-added services such as design and engineering, machining and assembly. Engineered Products operates a diverse group of niche manufacturing businesses that design and manufacture a broad range of high quality products engineered for specific customer applications, such as induction heating and melting systems, pipe threading equipment, machined locomotive crankshafts and camshafts and various forged and machined products. Engineered Products also produces and provides services and spare parts for the equipment it manufactures.

The Company primarily evaluates performance and allocates resources based on segment operating income as well as projected future performance. Segment operating income is defined as revenues less expenses identifiable to the product lines included within each segment. Segment operating income reconciles to consolidated income before income taxes by deducting corporate costs that are not attributable to the segments and net interest expense.

Results by business segment were as follows:

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Supply Technologies
$
150.2

 
$
142.4

 
$
301.6

 
$
276.8

Assembly Components
139.8

 
122.0

 
280.3

 
230.1

Engineered Products
87.3

 
78.9

 
170.1

 
154.2

 
$
377.3

 
$
343.3

 
$
752.0

 
$
661.1

Income before income taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Supply Technologies
$
13.0

 
$
10.4

 
$
27.2

 
$
20.5

Assembly Components
13.6

 
12.2

 
24.2

 
20.3

Engineered Products
5.2

 
10.7

 
11.4

 
21.3

Total segment operating income
31.8

 
33.3

 
62.8

 
62.1

Corporate costs
(6.2
)
 
(7.2
)
 
(12.9
)
 
(13.8
)
Interest expense
(6.9
)
 
(6.6
)
 
(13.7
)
 
(12.9
)
Income before income taxes
$
18.7

 
$
19.5

 
$
36.2

 
$
35.4


9

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015



 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
(In millions)
Identifiable assets:
 
 
 
Supply Technologies
$
288.7

 
$
277.6

Assembly Components
347.7

 
340.5

Engineered Products
248.3

 
246.9

General corporate
113.9

 
109.2

 
$
998.6

 
$
974.2


NOTE 4 — Acquisitions

The following table summarizes the Company's recent acquisitions:
Description
 
Date of Transaction
 
Purchase
Consideration
 
Acquired
 
Segment
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
Saet S.p.A
 
December 4, 2014
 
$
22.1

*
100% of equity
 
Engineered Products
 
An Italy based leader in the design, manufacturing and testing of induction heating equipment and heat treat solutions through its locations in Italy, China, India and Tennessee.
Autoform Tool & Manufacturing
 
October 10, 2014
 
$
48.9

*
100% of equity
 
Assembly Components
 
An Indiana supplier of high pressure fuel lines and fuel rails used in Gasoline Direct Injection systems across a large number of engine platforms.
Apollo Group Limited
 
June 10, 2014
 
$
6.5

*
100% of equity
 
Supply Technologies
 
A U.K. supply chain management services company providing Class C production components and supply chain solutions to aerospace customers worldwide.
* Purchase consideration is net of cash acquired.

The acquisitions of Apollo and Autoform were accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting. The Apollo purchase agreement provides for payment of contingent consideration of approximately $2.4 million based on achievement of certain EBITDA targets over two years. The fair value of the earn-out, valued using level 3 inputs, was approximately $1.1 million at the date of the acquisition for a total purchase consideration of $6.5 million and at June 30, 2015, the fair value of the earn-out was approximately $1.8 million. On the acquisition date, a liability was recognized for the estimate of the acquisition date fair value of the earn-out. Any change in the fair value of the earn-out subsequent to the acquisition date will be recognized in selling, general and administrative expenses. Management’s valuation of the fair value of tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on estimates and assumptions. The Apollo purchase price allocation was finalized in the second quarter of 2015. The purchase price allocation relating to the Autoform acquisition is subject to further adjustment until all pertinent information regarding finalization of the intangible assets and deferred income tax assets and liabilities are fully evaluated by the Company and independent valuations are complete. Revisions to these estimates as fair values are finalized will be reflected in the financial statements throughout the measurement period. Based on the preliminary purchase price allocation for these acquisitions, goodwill of $5.8 million was recorded.


10

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015


The acquisition of Saet was accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting. In prior periods, the entire purchase price allocation was preliminary with the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed estimated based on their carrying values with the excess consideration of $23.2 million preliminarily recorded as goodwill. During the second quarter of 2015, the Company received preliminary third-party valuations for the inventories, intangible assets and tangible assets. The Company recorded adjustments resulting in a decrease to goodwill of approximately $15.0 million, primarily offset by an increase in tradenames and technology intangible assets of $4.7 million and $8.7 million, respectively. These preliminary estimates may be further revised during the measurement period in 2015 as all pertinent information regarding finalization of the third-party valuations for inventories, intangible assets, goodwill, tangible assets, other liabilities and deferred income tax assets and liabilities acquired are fully evaluated by the Company.

NOTE 5 — Accounts Receivable

We sell accounts receivable to reduce accounts receivable concentration risk and to provide additional financing capacity. The following table summarizes accounts receivable sold and the losses recorded on the sales of accounts receivable.
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
Accounts receivable sold
$
33.3

 
$
23.2

 
$
59.4

 
$
46.2

Loss on sale of accounts receivable
$
(0.2
)
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
(0.2
)

The loss on the sale of accounts receivable is recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. These losses represent the implicit interest on the transaction.

NOTE 6 — Inventories

The components of inventory consist of the following:
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
(In millions)
Finished goods
$
151.1

 
$
146.0

Work in process
33.4

 
19.8

Raw materials and supplies
68.0

 
72.6

Inventories, net
$
252.5

 
$
238.4



11

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015


NOTE 7 — Goodwill

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the periods ended June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were as follows:

 
Supply Technologies
 
Assembly Components
 
Engineered Products
 
Total
 
(In millions)
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
6.4

 
$
49.0

 
$
5.0

 
$
60.4

Acquisitions
0.7

 
5.0

 
23.2

 
28.9

Foreign currency translation
0.5

 

 
(0.3
)
 
0.2

Balance at December 31, 2014
7.6

 
54.0

 
27.9

 
89.5

Foreign currency translation

 

 
0.1

 
0.1

Acquisition adjustments

 
0.1

 
(15.0
)
 
(14.9
)
Balance at June 30, 2015
$
7.6

 
$
54.1

 
$
13.0

 
$
74.7


During the second quarter of 2015, we adjusted the preliminary goodwill recorded for Saet primarily to reflect the adjustments to the determination of fair value of acquired intangible assets. During the first half of 2015, we adjusted the preliminary goodwill recorded for Autoform primarily to reflect the adjustments to the determination of fair value of acquired intangible assets. The 2014 condensed consolidated financial statements have not been retroactively adjusted as these measurement period adjustments did not have a material impact on such statements.

The increase in goodwill from January 1, 2014 is due to the acquisitions of Apollo, Autoform and Saet. The goodwill associated with the Apollo and Saet transactions is not deductible for income tax purposes.

NOTE 8 — Other Intangible Assets

Information regarding other intangible assets as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 follows:

 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
Weighted Average Useful Life
 
Acquisition Cost
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net
 
Acquisition Cost
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net
 
 
 
(In millions)
Non-contractual customer relationships
12.5 years
 
$
76.8

 
$
16.1

 
$
60.7

 
$
77.3

 
$
13.2

 
$
64.1

Indefinite-lived tradenames
*
 
18.7

 

 
18.7

 
14.0

 

 
14.0

Technology
19.4 years
 
16.3

 
0.5

 
15.8

 
8.2

 
0.1

 
8.1

Other
8.9 years
 
4.1

 
2.4

 
1.7

 
4.1

 
2.2

 
1.9

Total
 
 
$
115.9

 
$
19.0

 
$
96.9

 
$
103.6

 
$
15.5

 
$
88.1

* Not applicable, tradenames have an indefinite life.

Information regarding amortization expense of other intangibles assets follows:

 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
Amortization expense
$
1.5

 
$
1.3

 
$
3.2

 
$
2.4


12

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015



NOTE 9 — Accrued Warranty Costs

The Company estimates the amount of warranty claims on sold products that may be incurred based on current and historical data. The actual warranty expense could differ from the estimates made by the Company based on product performance. The following table presents the changes in the Company’s product warranty liability for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014:

 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
Balance at January 1,
$
6.9

 
$
5.4

Claims paid
(2.2
)
 
(1.0
)
Warranty expense, net
1.4

 
1.6

Balance at June 30,
$
6.1

 
$
6.0


NOTE 10 — Financing Arrangements

Long-term debt consists of the following:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carrying Value at
 
Issuance Date
 
Maturity Date
 
Interest Rate at
June 30, 2015
 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Senior Notes
April 1, 2011

 
April 1, 2021
 
8.125
%
 
$
250.0

 
$
250.0

Revolving credit

 
July 31, 2019
 
1.69
%
 
186.9

 
162.0

Term loan

 
July 31, 2019
 
2.31
%
 
30.1

 
28.8

Other
Various

 
Various
 
Various

 
3.6

 
3.0

Total debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
470.6

 
443.8

Less current maturities
 
 
 
 
 
 
13.4

 
9.4

Total long-term debt, net of current portion
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
457.2

 
$
434.4


On July 31, 2014, the Company entered into a sixth amendment and restatement of the credit agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”). The Amended Credit Agreement, among other things, increased the revolving credit facility to $230.0 million, provided a term loan for $16.1 million and extended the maturity date of the borrowings under the Amended Credit Agreement to July 31, 2019. The revolving credit facility includes a Canadian sub-limit of $15.0 million and a European sub-limit of $10.0 million (which may be increased to $25.0 million) for borrowings in those locations.


13

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015


The Amended Credit Agreement was further amended in accordance with Amendments No. 1, 2 and 3 to the Amended Credit Agreement, dated October 24, 2014, January 20, 2015 and March 12, 2015, respectively (the “Amendments”). The Amendments:

increase the revolving credit facility from $230.0 million to $275.0 million;
increase the inventory advance rate from 50% to 60%, reducing back to 50% on a pro-rata quarterly basis over 36 months commencing April 1, 2015;
reload the term loan up to $35.0 million from $15.5 million, of which $30.1 million has been borrowed and is outstanding as of June 30, 2015;
increase the Canadian sub-limit up to $25.0 million from $15.0 million;
increase the European sub-limit up to $25.0 million from $10.0 million; and
provide minor pricing adjustments including pricing the first $22.0 million drawn on the revolver at LIBOR + 3.50%, reducing automatically on a pro-rata quarterly basis over 36 months commencing April 1, 2015.

At the Company’s election, domestic amounts borrowed under the revolving credit facility may be borrowed at either:

LIBOR plus 1.5% to 2.5%; or
the bank’s prime lending rate minus 0.25% to 1.25%.

At the Company's election, amounts borrowed under the term loan may be borrowed at either:

LIBOR plus 2.0% to 3.0%; or
the bank’s prime lending rate minus 0.75% to plus 0.25%.

The LIBOR-based interest rate is dependent on the Company’s debt service coverage ratio, as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement.

Amounts borrowed under the Canadian revolving credit facility provided by the Amended Credit Agreement may be borrowed at either:

the Canadian deposit offered rate plus 1.5% to 2.5%;
the Canadian prime lending rate plus 0.0% to 1.0%; or
the U.S. base rate plus 0.0% to 1.0%.

Under the Amended Credit Agreement, a detailed borrowing base formula provides borrowing availability to the Company based on percentages of eligible accounts receivable and inventory. The term loan is amortized based on a seven-year schedule with the balance due at maturity. The Amended Credit Agreement also reduced the commitment fee for the revolving credit facility. Additionally, the Company has the option, pursuant to the Amended Credit Agreement, to increase the availability under the revolving credit facility by $25.0 million.

The following table represents fair value information of the Company's Senior Notes, classified as Level 1, at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. The fair value was estimated using quoted market prices.

 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
(In millions)
Carrying amount
$
250.0

 
$
250.0

Fair value
$
267.3

 
$
266.3



NOTE 11 — Income Taxes


14

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015


The Company’s tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of its annual effective income tax rate, adjusted for discrete items, if any, that are taken into account in the relevant period. Each quarter, the Company updates the estimated annual effective income tax rate, and if the estimated income tax rate changes, a cumulative adjustment is made.

The effective tax rate for the first six months of 2015 and 2014 was 34.5%. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense. As of June 30, 2015, the Company recorded an increase to unrecognized tax benefits of approximately $0.2 million related to prior year tax positions and accrued interest.

NOTE 12 — Stock-Based Compensation

A summary of stock option activity as of June 30, 2015 and changes during the first six months of 2015 is presented below:

 
2015
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
(In whole shares)
 
 
 
 
 
(In millions)
Outstanding - beginning of year
143,500

 
$
16.76

 
 
 
 
Granted

 

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(60,000
)
 
14.90

 
 
 
 
Canceled or expired

 

 
 
 
 
Outstanding - end of period
83,500

 
$
18.10

 
2.1 years
 
$
2.5

Options exercisable
83,500

 
$
18.10

 
2.1 years
 
$
2.5


A summary of restricted share and performance share activity for the six months ended June 30, 2015 is as follows:

 
2015
 
Time-Based
 
Performance-Based
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
 
(In whole shares)
 
 
 
(In whole shares)
 
 
Outstanding - beginning of year
344,932

 
$
33.55

 
28,000

 
$
20.30

Granted
41,000

 
49.35

 
120,000

 
48.72

Vested
(139,748
)
 
32.78

 
(14,000
)
 
20.30

Canceled or expired
(21,501
)
 
40.47

 

 

Outstanding - end of period
224,683

 
$
36.25

 
134,000

 
$
45.75


Total stock-based compensation expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses during the first six months of 2015 and 2014 was $2.9 million and $2.5 million, respectively. As of June 30, 2015, there was $14 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock-based compensation, which cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.9 years.


15

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015


NOTE 13 — Commitments, Contingencies and Litigation Judgment

The Company is subject to various pending and threatened legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Although the Company cannot precisely predict the amount of any liability that may ultimately arise with respect to any of these matters, the Company records provisions when it considers the liability probable and reasonably estimable. Our provisions are based on historical experience and legal advice, reviewed quarterly and adjusted according to developments. Estimating probable losses requires the analysis of multiple forecasted factors that often depend on judgments about potential actions by third parties, such as regulators, courts, and state and federal legislatures. Changes in the amounts of our loss provisions, which can be material, affect our financial condition. Due to the inherent uncertainties in the process undertaken to estimate potential losses, we are unable to estimate an additional range of loss in excess of our accruals. While it is reasonably possible that such excess liabilities, if they were to occur, could be material to operating results in any given quarter or year of their recognition, we do not believe that it is reasonably possible that such excess liabilities would have a material adverse effect on our long-term results of operations, liquidity or consolidated financial position.

Our subsidiaries are involved in a number of contractual and warranty related disputes. We believe that appropriate liabilities for these contingencies have been recorded; however, actual results may differ materially from our estimates.

IPSCO Tubulars Inc. d/b/a TMK IPSCO sued Ajax Tocco Magnethermic Corporation (“ATM”), a subsidiary of Park-Ohio Holdings Corporation, in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas claiming that equipment supplied by ATM for heat treating certain steel pipe at IPSCO's Blytheville, Arkansas facility did not perform as required by the contract. The complaint alleged causes of action for breach of contract, gross negligence and constructive fraud. IPSCO sought approximately $10.0 million in damages plus an unspecified amount of punitive damages. ATM denied the allegations. ATM subsequently obtained summary judgment on the constructive fraud claim, which was dismissed by the district court prior to trial. The remaining claims were the subject of a bench trial that occurred in May 2013. After IPSCO presented its case, the district court entered partial judgment in favor of ATM, dismissing the gross negligence claim, a portion of the breach of contract claim, and any claim for punitive damages. The trial proceeded with respect to the remainder of IPSCO's claim for breach of contract. In September 2013, the district court issued a judgment in favor of IPSCO in the amount of $5.2 million, which the Company recognized and accrued for at that time. IPSCO subsequently filed a motion seeking to recover $3.8 million in attorneys' fees and costs. The district court reserved ruling on that issue pending an appeal. In October 2013, ATM filed an appeal with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit seeking reversal of the judgment in favor of IPSCO. In November 2013, IPSCO filed a cross-appeal seeking reversal of the dismissal of its claim for gross negligence and punitive damages. The Eighth Circuit issued an opinion in March 2015 affirming in part, reversing in part, and remanding the case. It affirmed the district court's determination that ATM was liable for breach of contract. It also affirmed the district court's dismissal of IPSCO's claim for gross negligence and punitive damages. However, the Eighth Circuit reversed nearly all of the damages awarded by the district court and remanded for further findings on the issue of damages, including whether consequential damages are barred under the express language of the contract. Because IPSCO did not appeal the award of $5.2 million in its favor, those damages may be decreased, but cannot be increased, on remand. IPSCO's motion to recover attorney's fees and costs is stayed pending the outcome of the proceedings on remand.

In August 2013, the Company received a subpoena from the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) in connection with the staff’s investigation of a third party. At that time, the Company also learned that the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) is conducting a criminal investigation of the third party. In connection with its initial response to the staff’s subpoena, the Company disclosed to the staff of the SEC that, in November 2007, the third party participated in a payment on behalf of the Company to a foreign tax official that implicates the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

The Board of Directors of the Company formed a special committee to review the Company’s transactions with the third party and to make any recommendations to the Board of Directors with respect thereto.

The Company intends to cooperate fully with the SEC and the DOJ in connection with their investigations of the third party and with the SEC in light of the Company’s disclosure. The Company is unable to predict the outcome or impact of the special committee’s investigation or the length, scope or results of the SEC’s review or the impact on its results of operations.


16

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015


NOTE 14 — Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefits

The components of net periodic benefit (gains) costs recognized during interim periods were as follows:

 
Pension Benefits
 
Postretirement Benefits
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
Service costs
$
0.6

 
$
0.5

 
$
1.2

 
$
1.1

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Interest costs
0.6

 
0.6

 
1.2

 
1.2

 
0.2

 
0.1

 
0.3

 
0.3

Expected return on plan assets
(2.5
)
 
(2.5
)
 
(5.0
)
 
(5.1
)
 

 

 

 

Recognized net actuarial loss

 

 

 

 
0.1

 
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.4

Net periodic benefit (gains) costs
$
(1.3
)
 
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(2.6
)
 
$
(2.8
)
 
$
0.3

 
$
0.4

 
$
0.6

 
$
0.7


NOTE 15 — Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The components of and changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 were as follows:

 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2015
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustment
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefits
 
Total
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustment
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefits
 
Total
 
(In millions)
Beginning balance
$
(10.4
)
 
$
(8.7
)
 
$
(19.1
)
 
$
(5.1
)
 
$
(8.9
)
 
$
(14.0
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments (a)
2.7

 

 
2.7

 
(2.6
)
 

 
(2.6
)
Recognition of actuarial loss (b)

 
0.1

 
0.1

 

 
0.3

 
0.3

Ending balance
$
(7.7
)
 
$
(8.6
)
 
$
(16.3
)
 
$
(7.7
)
 
$
(8.6
)
 
$
(16.3
)

 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2014
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustment
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefits
 
Total
 
Cumulative Translation Adjustment
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefits
 
Total
 
(In millions)
Beginning balance
$
2.4

 
$
0.5

 
$
2.9

 
$
2.8

 
$
0.6

 
$
3.4

Foreign currency translation adjustments (a)
1.4

 

 
1.4

 
1.0

 

 
1.0

Recognition of actuarial loss (b)

 

 

 

 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
Tax adjustment (c)

 
0.1

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

 
0.1

Ending balance
$
3.8

 
$
0.6

 
$
4.4

 
$
3.8

 
$
0.6

 
$
4.4


(a)
No income taxes are provided on foreign currency translation adjustments as foreign earnings are considered permanently invested.
(b)
The recognition of actuarial losses are reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost in selling, general and administrative expenses.

17

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015


(c)
The tax adjustments are reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and included in income tax expense


NOTE 16 — Weighted-Average Number of Shares Used in Computing Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the weighted-average number of shares used in the computation of earnings per share:

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In whole shares)
Weighted average basic shares outstanding
12,230,100

 
12,086,973

 
12,198,169

 
12,055,678

Plus dilutive impact of employee stock awards
197,295

 
285,216

 
230,321

 
299,743

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
12,427,395

 
12,372,189

 
12,428,490

 
12,355,421


Earnings per common share is computed as net income less net income attributable to noncontrolling interests divided by the weighted average basic shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per common share is computed as net income less net income attributable to noncontrolling interests divided by the weighted average diluted shares outstanding.

Outstanding stock options with exercise prices greater than the average price of the common shares are anti-dilutive and are excluded in the computation of diluted earnings per share. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, there were no anti-dilutive shares.

NOTE 17— Subsequent Event

On July 30, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.125 per common share. The dividend will be paid on August 28, 2015 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on August 14, 2015 and will result in a cash outlay of approximately $1.6 million.

18


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Our condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “we,” “our,” or the “Company”). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW

We are an industrial Total Supply Management™ and diversified manufacturing business, operating in three segments: Supply Technologies, Assembly Components and Engineered Products.

Our Supply Technologies business provides our customers with Total Supply Management™, a proactive solutions approach that manages the efficiencies of every aspect of supplying production parts and materials to our customers’ manufacturing floor, from strategic planning to program implementation. Total Supply Management™ includes such services as engineering and design support, part usage and cost analysis, supplier selection, quality assurance, bar coding, product packaging and tracking, just-in-time and point-of-use delivery, electronic billing services and ongoing technical support. Our Supply Technologies business services customers in the following principal industries: heavy-duty truck; automotive, truck and vehicle parts; power sports and recreational equipment; bus and coaches; electrical distribution and controls; agricultural and construction equipment; consumer electronics; HVAC; lawn and garden; semiconductor equipment; aerospace and defense; and plumbing.

Assembly Components manufactures parts and assemblies and provides value-added design, engineering and assembly services that are incorporated into our customer’s end products. Our product offerings include cast and machined aluminum engine, transmission, brake, suspension and other components, such as pump housings, clutch retainers/pistons, control arms, knuckles, master cylinders, pinion housings, brake calipers, oil pans and flywheel spacers, industrial hose and injected molded rubber components, gasoline direct injection systems and fuel filler and hydraulic fluid assemblies. Our products are primarily used in the following industries: automotive; agricultural; construction; heavy-duty truck; and marine original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), on a sole-source basis.

Engineered Products operates a diverse group of niche manufacturing businesses that design and manufacture a broad range of highly-engineered products including induction heating and melting systems, pipe threading equipment, industrial oven systems, and forged and machined products. Engineered Products also produces and provides services and spare parts for the equipment it manufactures. The principal customers of Engineered Products are OEMs, sub-assemblers and end users in the ferrous and non-ferrous metals, silicon, coatings, forging, foundry, heavy-duty truck, construction equipment, automotive, oil and gas, locomotive and rail manufacturing, and aerospace and defense industries.

Sales, segment operating income and other relevant financial data for these three segments are provided in Note 3 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, included elsewhere herein.

Primary Factors Affecting 2015 Results

The following factors most affected our consolidated results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015:

Our 2014 strategic bolt-on acquisitions of Apollo, Autoform and Saet added a combined $28.9 million and $56.0 million of incremental revenues in the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2014. These acquisitions have been successfully integrated into our segments and the earnings results of these combined acquisitions have been accretive to us for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015.

In addition to our net sales growth associated with acquisitions, during the second quarter of 2015, our organic net sales growth was $5.2 million, or 1.5%. Our organic net sales growth for the second quarter of 2015 is primarily due to sales increases in the Supply Technologies segment and our Aluminum business unit of the Assembly Components segment.


19


Overall, we had net sales growth of 9.9% for the second quarter of 2015 when compared to the same period in the prior year. Gross margin as a percentage of sales declined from 17.8% in the second quarter of 2014 to 16.0% in the second quarter of 2015. The gross margin decline is attributable to declines in higher margin new equipment and aftermarket sales volume to the oil and gas, steel and aerospace end markets in our Engineered Products segment.

Subsequent Events

On July 30, 2015, the Company's Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.125 per common share. The dividend will be paid on August 28, 2015 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on August 14, 2015 and will result in a cash outlay of approximately $1.6 million.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared with Three Months Ended June 30, 2014

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
Net sales
$
377.3

 
$
343.3

 
$
34.0

 
9.9
 %
Cost of sales
316.9

 
282.3

 
34.6

 
12.3
 %
Gross profit
60.4

 
61.0

 
(0.6
)
 
(1.0
)%
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales
16.0
%
 
17.8
%
 
 
 
 
SG&A expenses
34.8

 
34.9

 
(0.1
)
 
(0.3
)%
SG&A as a percentage of net sales
9.2
%
 
10.2
%
 
 
 
 
Operating income
25.6

 
26.1

 
(0.5
)
 
(1.9
)%
Interest expense
6.9

 
6.6

 
0.3

 
4.5
 %
Income before income taxes
18.7

 
19.5

 
(0.8
)
 
(4.1
)%
Income tax expense
6.1

 
6.6

 
(0.5
)
 
(7.6
)%
Net income
12.6

 
12.9

 
(0.3
)
 
(2.3
)%
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(0.2
)
 
(0.5
)
 
0.3

 
(60.0
)%
Net income attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders
$
12.4

 
$
12.4

 
$

 
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.02

 
$
1.02

 
$

 
 %
Diluted
$
1.00

 
$
1.00

 
$

 
 %

Net Sales:

Net sales increased $34.0 million, or 9.9%, to $377.3 million in the second quarter of 2015, compared to $343.3 million in the same period in 2014, mainly due to the incremental sales from acquisitions of $28.9 million and the increase in organic net sales volume.

The factors explaining the changes in segment revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the prior year comparable period are contained within the “Segment Analysis” section.


20


Cost of Sales & Gross Profit:

Cost of sales increased $34.6 million to $316.9 million in the second quarter of 2015, compared to $282.3 million in the same period in 2014. The increase in cost of sales was primarily due to incremental cost of sales from acquisitions of $24.6 million and the increase in organic net sales volumes.

The gross profit margin percentage was 16.0% in the second quarter of 2015 compared to 17.8% in the same period in 2014. The decrease in gross margin percentage is largely due to a decline in higher margin new equipment and aftermarket sales volume in the oil and gas, steel and aerospace end markets in our Engineered Products segment.

Selling, General & Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses:

Consolidated SG&A expenses decreased $0.1 million to $34.8 million in the second quarter of 2015, compared to $34.9 million in the same period in 2014. SG&A expenses as a percent of sales decreased to 9.2% in the second quarter of 2015 compared to 10.2% in the second quarter of 2014 due to a $1.6 million reduction in professional fees.

Interest Expense:

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Interest expense
$
6.9

 
$
6.6

 
$
0.3

 
4.5
%
Average outstanding borrowings
$
461.6

 
$
389.1

 
$
72.5

 
18.6
%
Average borrowing rate
5.98
%
 
6.78
%
 


 
 

Interest expense increased $0.3 million in the second quarter of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014. Average borrowings in the second quarter of 2015 were higher when compared to the same period in 2014 due to additional borrowings to fund acquisitions and working capital. The average borrowing rate in second quarter of 2015 has decreased 80 basis points in the second quarter of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014, reflecting lower interest rates on the revolving credit facility in 2015 compared to 2014.

Income Tax Expense:

The provision for income taxes was $6.1 million, at a 32.6% effective income tax rate, in the second quarter of 2015. This was comparable to income taxes of $6.6 million, at a 33.8% effective income tax rate, in the second quarter of 2014.

Net Income:

Net income decreased $0.3 million to $12.6 million for the second quarter of 2015, compared to $12.9 million for the second quarter of 2014, due to the reasons described above.

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest:

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest was $0.2 million for the second quarter of 2015 and $0.5 million for the second quarter of 2014 and was deducted from net income to derive net income attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders.

Net Income Attributable to ParkOhio Common Shareholders:

Net income attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders was $12.4 million in the second quarter of 2015, compared to $12.4 million in the same period of 2014, due to the reasons described above.


21


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared with Six Months Ended June 30, 2014

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
Net sales
$
752.0

 
$
661.1

 
$
90.9

 
13.7
 %
Cost of sales
633.2

 
544.1

 
89.1

 
16.4
 %
Gross profit
118.8

 
117.0

 
1.8

 
1.5
 %
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales
15.8
%
 
17.7
%
 
 
 
 
SG&A expenses
68.9

 
68.7

 
0.2

 
0.3
 %
SG&A as a percentage of net sales
9.2
%
 
10.4
%
 
 
 
 
Operating income
49.9

 
48.3

 
1.6

 
3.3
 %
Interest expense
13.7

 
12.9

 
0.8

 
6.2
 %
Income before income taxes
36.2

 
35.4

 
0.8

 
2.3
 %
Income tax expense
12.5

 
12.2

 
0.3

 
2.5
 %
Net income
23.7

 
23.2

 
0.5

 
2.2
 %
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(0.5
)
 
(0.7
)
 
0.2

 
(28.6
)%
Net income attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders
$
23.2

 
$
22.5

 
$
0.7

 
3.1
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.90

 
$
1.86

 
$
0.04

 
2.2
 %
Diluted
$
1.87

 
$
1.81

 
$
0.06

 
3.3
 %

Net Sales:

Net sales increased $90.9 million, or 13.7%, to $752.0 million in the first six months of 2015, compared to $661.1 million in the same period in 2014, mainly due to the incremental sales from acquisitions of $56.0 million and organic volume increases from each of our segments. Organic net sales growth was $34.9 million, or 5.3%, compared to the same period in 2014.

The factors explaining the changes in segment revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the prior year comparable period are contained within the “Segment Analysis” section.

Cost of Sales & Gross Profit:

Cost of sales increased $89.1 million to $633.2 million in the first six months of 2015, compared to $544.1 million in the same period in 2014. The increase in cost of sales was primarily due to incremental cost of sales from acquisitions of $48.2 million and the increase in organic net sales volumes.

The gross profit margin percentage was 15.8% in the first six months of 2015 compared to 17.7% in the same period in 2014. The decrease in gross margin percentage is largely due to a decline in higher margin new equipment and aftermarket sales volume to the oil and gas, steel, and military and commercial aerospace end markets in our Engineered Products segment.

22


SG&A Expenses:

Consolidated SG&A expenses increased $0.2 million to $68.9 million in the first six months of 2015, compared to $68.7 million in the same period in 2014. Even though we incurred $4.7 million of incremental SG&A costs in the first six months of 2015 associated with recent acquisitions, SG&A expenses as a percent of sales decreased to 9.2% in the first six months of 2015 compared to 10.4% in the first six months of 2014 due to a reduction in professional fees.

Interest Expense:

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Interest expense
$
13.7

 
$
12.9

 
$
0.8

 
6.2
%
Average outstanding borrowings
$
454.5

 
$
385.7

 
$
68.8

 
17.8
%
Average borrowing rate
6.03
%
 
6.69
%
 


 
 

Interest expense increased $0.8 million in the first six months of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014. Average borrowings in the first six months of 2015 were higher when compared to the same period in 2014 due to additional borrowings to fund acquisitions and working capital. The average borrowing rate in the first six months of 2015 has decreased 66 basis points in the first six months of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014, reflecting lower interest rates on the revolving credit facility in 2015 compared to 2014.

Income Tax Expense:

The provision for income taxes was $12.5 million, at a 34.5% effective income tax rate, in the first six months of 2015. This was comparable to income taxes of $12.2 million, at a 34.5% effective income tax rate, in the first six months of 2014.

Net Income:

Net income increased $0.5 million to $23.7 million for the first six months of 2015, compared to $23.2 million for the first six months of 2014, due to the reasons described above.

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest:

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest was $0.5 million for the first six months of 2015 and $0.7 million for the first six months of 2014 and was deducted from net income to derive net income attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders.

Net Income Attributable to ParkOhio Common Shareholders:

Net income attributable to ParkOhio common shareholders increased $0.7 million to $23.2 million in the first six months of 2015, compared to $22.5 million in the same period of 2014, due to the reasons described above.

SEGMENT ANALYSIS

We primarily evaluate performance and allocate resources based on segment operating income as well as projected future performance. Segment operating income is defined as revenues less expenses identifiable to the business units and product lines included within each segment. Segment operating income will reconcile to consolidated income from continuing operations before income taxes by deducting corporate costs that are not attributable to the segments and net interest expense.

The proportion of consolidated revenues and segment operating income attributed to each segment was as follows:

23



 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Supply Technologies
40
%
 
41
%
 
(1
)%
 
40
%
 
42
%
 
(2
)%
Assembly Components
37
%
 
36
%
 
1
 %
 
37
%
 
35
%
 
2
 %
Engineered Products
23
%
 
23
%
 
 %
 
23
%
 
23
%
 
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Operating Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Supply Technologies
41
%
 
31
%
 
10
 %
 
43
%
 
33
%
 
10
 %
Assembly Components
43
%
 
37
%
 
6
 %
 
39
%
 
33
%
 
6
 %
Engineered Products
16
%
 
32
%
 
(16
)%
 
18
%
 
34
%
 
(16
)%

Supply Technologies Segment

Three Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared with Three Months Ended June 30, 2014

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Net sales
$
150.2

 
$
142.4

 
$
7.8

 
5
%
Segment operating income
$
13.0

 
$
10.4

 
$
2.6

 
25
%
Segment operating income margin
8.7
%
 
7.3
%
 
 
 
 

Net Sales: The majority of our growth in the second quarter of 2015 when compared to the second quarter of 2014 was organic growth in our diversified end markets. This growth was driven by strong demand in the heavy-duty truck market, the power sports and recreational equipment market, and the semiconductor market. In addition, our fastener manufacturing division generated sales increases of 23% in the second quarter of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014 due to strong demand and new business from our automotive customers.

Segment Operating Income: With increases in net sales, segment operating income increased $2.6 million, or 25%, to $13.0 million. Segment operating income margin was 8.7%, which was a 140 basis-point increase compared to the prior year's second quarter segment operating income margin of 7.3%. These improvements were driven largely by improved operating leverage and the full integration of acquisitions.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared with Six Months Ended June 30, 2014

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Net sales
$
301.6

 
$
276.8

 
$
24.8

 
9
%
Segment operating income
$
27.2

 
$
20.5

 
$
6.7

 
33
%
Segment operating income margin
9.0
%
 
7.4
%
 
 
 
 

24



Net Sales: The majority of our growth in the first six months of 2015 when compared to the first six months of 2014 was organic growth in our diversified markets. This growth was driven by strong demand in the heavy-duty truck market, the power sports and recreational equipment market, the semiconductor market, and the consumer electronics market. In addition, our fastener manufacturing division generated sales increases of 23% in the first six months of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014 due to strong demand and new business from our automotive customers.

Segment Operating Income: With increases in net sales, segment operating income increased $6.7 million, or 33%, to $27.2 million. Segment operating income margin was 9.0%, which was a 160 basis-point increase compared to the prior year's first six months segment operating income margin of 7.4%. These improvements were driven largely by improved operating leverage, the full integration of the late 2013 and 2014 European acquisitions and the continued focus on more highly engineered products in the portfolio.

Assembly Components Segment

Three Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared with Three Months Ended June 30, 2014

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Net sales
$
139.8

 
$
122.0

 
$
17.8

 
15
%
Segment operating income
$
13.6

 
$
12.2

 
$
1.4

 
11
%
Segment operating income margin
9.7
%
 
10.0
%
 
 
 
 

Net Sales: The significant increase in net sales is primarily due to incremental sales from new programs with our automotive customers in our aluminum business and the incremental revenues in 2015 associated with the acquisition of Autoform of approximately $15.9 million in the second quarter of 2015.

Segment Operating Income: Segment operating income increased 11% in the second quarter of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014. Our segment operating income margin was 9.7% in the second quarter of 2015 and 10.0% in 2014.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared with Six Months Ended June 30, 2014

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Net sales
$
280.3

 
$
230.1

 
$
50.2

 
22
%
Segment operating income
$
24.2

 
$
20.3

 
$
3.9

 
19
%
Segment operating income margin
8.6
%
 
8.8
%
 
 
 
 

Net Sales: The increase in net sales is primarily due to incremental sales from new programs with our automotive customers in our aluminum business and the incremental revenues in 2015 associated with the acquisition of Autoform of approximately $30.8 million in the first six months of 2015.

Segment Operating Income: Segment operating income increased 19% in the first six months of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014. Our segment operating income margin was 8.6% in the first six months of 2015 compared to 8.9% during the same period of 2014.


25


Engineered Products Segment

Three Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared with Three Months Ended June 30, 2014

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Net sales
$
87.3

 
$
78.9

 
$
8.4

 
11
 %
Segment operating income
$
5.2

 
$
10.7

 
$
(5.5
)
 
(51
)%
Segment operating income margin
6.0
%
 
13.6
%
 
 
 
 

Net Sales: Our industrial equipment business net sales increased in the second quarter of 2015 by 21%. However, our aftermarket business decreased 13% in the second quarter of 2015 compared to the second quarter of 2014 due to softening demand in the oil and gas, and steel end markets. Our forging business sales declined 21% year over year as sales were unfavorably impacted by reduced demand for military and commercial aircraft forging products during the second quarter of 2015.

Segment Operating Income: Although sales increased in the second quarter of 2015, segment operating income margin decreased in the second quarter of 2015 to 6.0% of net sales compared to 13.6% in the same period of 2014. The operating margin decline was primarily due to unfavorable sales mix in our induction business and volume declines experienced in our pipe threading and forging businesses related to weak demand for products sold to the oil and gas, steel, and military and commercial aerospace customers.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared with Six Months Ended June 30, 2014

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
$ Change
 
% Chan