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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Altisource Asset Management Corpaamc-2015630xex321.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - Altisource Asset Management Corpaamc-2015630xex322.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Altisource Asset Management Corpaamc-2015630xex311.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Altisource Asset Management Corpaamc-2015630xex312.htm
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 

FORM 10-Q

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2015

OR

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR TRANSITION PERIOD FROM __________ TO __________

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 000-54809
 

Altisource Asset Management Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS
66-0783125
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

36C Strand Street
Christiansted, United States Virgin Islands 00820
(Address of principal executive office)

(340) 692-1055
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated Filer
x
 
Accelerated Filer
o
Non-Accelerated Filer
o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller Reporting Company
o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o  No x

As of July 31, 2015, 2,207,459 shares of our common stock were outstanding (excluding 302,475 shares held as treasury stock).



Altisource Asset Management Corporation
June 30, 2015
Table of Contents



i



References in this report to "we," "our," "us," or the "Company" refer to Altisource Asset Management Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated. References in this report to “Residential” refer to Altisource Residential Corporation, unless otherwise indicated. References in this report to “Altisource” refer to Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated. References in this report to “Ocwen” refer to Ocwen Financial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated.

Special note on forward-looking statements

Our disclosure and analysis in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, which we refer to as the “Securities Act,” and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which we refer to as the “Exchange Act.” In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” or “potential” or the negative of these words and phrases or similar words or phrases which are predictions of or indicate future events or trends and which do not relate solely to historical matters. You can also identify forward-looking statements by discussions of strategy, plans or intentions.

The forward-looking statements contained in this report reflect our current views about future events and are subject to numerous known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions and changes in circumstances that may cause our actual results to differ significantly from those expressed in any forward-looking statement. Factors that may materially affect such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

our ability to implement our business strategy and the business strategy of Residential;
our ability to retain Residential as a client;
our ability to retain and maintain our strategic relationships with related parties;
the ability of Residential to generate cash available for distribution to its stockholders under our management;
our ability to effectively compete with our competitors;
Residential's ability to complete future or pending transactions;
the failure of Altisource to effectively perform its obligations under their agreements with us and Residential;
the failure of Residential’s mortgage loan servicers to effectively perform their services to Residential;
general economic and market conditions; and
governmental regulations, taxes and policies.

While forward-looking statements reflect our good faith beliefs, assumptions and expectations, they are not guarantees of future performance. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of their respective dates, and we assume no obligation to update them to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information or otherwise. For a further discussion of these and other factors that could cause our future results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements, please see the risk factors set forth in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.



ii



Part I
 
Item 1. Financial statements (unaudited)

Certain information contained herein is presented as of July 31, 2015, which we have concluded is the latest practicable date for financial information prior to the filing of this quarterly report.





1



Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
June 30, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Assets:
 
 
 
Real estate held for use:
 
 
 
Land (from consolidated VIE)
$
23,743

 
$
14,424

Rental residential properties (net of accumulated depreciation of $3,351 and $1,062, respectively - from consolidated VIE)
97,533

 
60,908

Real estate owned (from consolidated VIE)
548,137

 
457,045

Total real estate held for use, net
669,413

 
532,377

Real estate assets held for sale (from consolidated VIE)
134,027

 
92,230

Mortgage loans at fair value (from consolidated VIE)
1,716,489

 
1,959,044

Mortgage loans held for sale (from consolidated VIE)
5,977

 
12,535

Cash and cash equivalents (including from consolidated VIE $70,502 and $66,166, respectively)
145,897

 
116,782

Restricted cash (from consolidated VIE)
18,459

 
13,282

Accounts receivable (including from consolidated VIE $45,981 and $10,313, respectively)
45,981

 
11,068

Related party receivables (from consolidated VIE)

 
17,491

Deferred leasing and financing costs, net (from consolidated VIE)
8,605

 
4,251

Prepaid expenses and other assets (including from consolidated VIE $6,184 and $373, respectively)
7,554

 
1,638

Total assets
$
2,752,402

 
$
2,760,698

Liabilities:
 
 
 
Repurchase and loan and security agreements (from consolidated VIE)
$
810,236

 
$
1,015,000

Other secured borrowings (from consolidated VIE)
523,925

 
324,082

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (including from consolidated VIE $54,247 and $11,678, respectively)
57,375

 
16,726

Related party payables (including from consolidated VIE $0 and $4,879, respectively)
0

 
6,169

Total liabilities
1,391,536

 
1,361,977

Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)

 

Redeemable preferred stock:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 250,000 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014; redemption value $250,000
249,030

 
248,927

Equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $.01 par value, 5,000,000 authorized shares; 2,509,844 and 2,207,369 shares issued and outstanding, respectively as of June 30, 2015 and 2,452,101 and 2,188,136 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, as of December 31, 2014
25

 
25

Additional paid-in capital
17,106

 
14,152

Retained earnings
61,702

 
54,174

Treasury stock, at cost, 302,475 shares as of June 30, 2015 and 263,965 shares as of December 31, 2014
(252,072
)
 
(245,468
)
Total stockholders' equity
(173,239
)
 
(177,117
)
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
1,285,075

 
1,326,911

Total equity
1,111,836

 
1,149,794

Total liabilities and equity
$
2,752,402

 
$
2,760,698


See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.



2



Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
Three months ended June 30, 2015
 
Three months ended June 30, 2014
 
Six months ended June 30, 2015
 
Six months ended June 30, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental revenues
$
2,140

 
$
181

 
$
3,540

 
$
250

Net unrealized gain on mortgage loans
42,209

 
105,042

 
103,343

 
170,172

Net realized gain on mortgage loans
19,272

 
10,819

 
34,654

 
20,140

Net realized gain on re-performing mortgage loans
254

 

 
405

 

Net realized gain on real estate
12,404

 
1,234

 
23,012

 
1,234

Interest income
240

 
81

 
480

 
189

Total revenues
76,519

 
117,357

 
165,434

 
191,985

Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Residential property operating expenses
16,857

 
3,253

 
29,316

 
4,303

Real estate depreciation and amortization
1,344

 
103

 
2,342

 
151

Real estate selling costs and impairment
8,839

 
2,879

 
23,530

 
3,233

Mortgage loan servicing costs
16,246

 
16,925

 
34,512

 
28,362

Interest expense
13,237

 
6,945

 
24,720

 
12,653

General and administrative
5,967

 
4,542

 
17,530

 
10,143

Related party general and administrative

 
2,675

 

 
3,598

Total expenses
62,490

 
37,322

 
131,950

 
62,443

Other income

 
786

 

 
786

Income before income taxes
14,029

 
80,821

 
33,484

 
130,328

Income tax expense (benefit)
194

 
(191
)
 
337

 
575

Net income
13,835

 
81,012

 
33,147

 
129,753

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
(13,092
)
 
(67,782
)
 
(25,516
)
 
(109,695
)
Net income attributable to common stockholders
$
743

 
$
13,230

 
$
7,631

 
$
20,058

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share of common stock – basic:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per basic share
$
0.31

 
$
5.87

 
$
3.40

 
$
8.68

Weighted average common stock outstanding – basic
2,218,533

 
2,255,278

 
2,211,357

 
2,310,931

Earnings per share of common stock – diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per diluted share
$
0.27

 
$
4.60

 
$
2.77

 
$
7.00

Weighted average common stock outstanding – diluted
2,746,955

 
2,874,906

 
2,752,322

 
2,865,185


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


3




Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(In thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
Common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of shares
Amount
Additional paid-in capital
Retained earnings
Treasury stock
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
Total equity
December 31, 2014
2,452,101

$
25

$
14,152

$
54,174

$
(245,468
)
$
1,326,911

$
1,149,794

Issuance of common stock, including option exercises
57,743


15




15

Treasury shares repurchased




(6,604
)

(6,604
)
Capital contribution from noncontrolling interest





62

62

Distribution from noncontrolling interest





(67,507
)
(67,507
)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs



(103
)


(103
)
Share-based compensation


2,939



93

3,032

Net income



7,631


25,516

33,147

June 30, 2015
2,509,844

$
25

$
17,106

$
61,702

$
(252,072
)
$
1,285,075

$
1,111,836


 
Common stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of shares
Amount
Additional paid-in capital
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)
Treasury stock
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
Total equity
December 31, 2013
2,354,774

$
24

$
12,855

$
(5,339
)
$

$
785,427

$
792,967

Issuance of common stock, including option exercises
82,096


20




20

Treasury shares repurchased




(197,673
)

(197,673
)
Capital contribution from noncontrolling interest





468,391

468,391

Distribution from noncontrolling interest





(53,118
)
(53,118
)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs




(62
)


(62
)
Share-based compensation


2,735



113

2,848

Net income



20,058


109,695

129,753

June 30, 2014
2,436,870

$
24

$
15,610

$
14,657

$
(197,673
)
$
1,310,508

$
1,143,126


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.



4



Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands) (Unaudited)
 
Six months ended June 30, 2015
 
Six months ended June 30, 2014
Operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
33,147

 
$
129,753

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Net unrealized gain on mortgage loans
(103,343
)
 
(170,172
)
Net realized gain on mortgage loans
(34,654
)
 
(20,140
)
Net realized gain on sale of re-performing mortgage loans
(405
)
 

Net realized gain on sale of real estate
(23,012
)
 
(1,293
)
Real estate depreciation and amortization
2,342

 
151

Real estate selling costs and impairment
23,530

 
3,233

Accretion of interest on re-performing mortgage loans
(469
)
 

Share-based compensation
3,032

 
2,848

Amortization of deferred financing costs
2,218

 
1,109

Loss on retirement of leasehold improvements
212

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
4,971

 
473

Related party receivables

 
4,952

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(499
)
 
(1,008
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
4,745

 
2,223

Related party payables

 
2,028

Net cash used in operating activities
(88,185
)
 
(45,843
)
Investing activities:
 
 
 
Investment in mortgage loans

 
(1,056,493
)
Investment in real estate

 
(27,569
)
Investment in renovations
(11,001
)
 
(1,700
)
Real estate tax advances
(14,443
)
 
(14,368
)
Mortgage loan dispositions
107,887

 
70,379

Mortgage loan payments
12,447

 
7,951

Disposition of real estate
70,916

 
3,466

Acquisition related deposits
(5,631
)
 

Change in restricted cash
(5,177
)
 
(4,391
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
154,998

 
(1,022,725
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock

 
250,000

Cost of issuance of preferred stock

 
(1,176
)
Issuance of common stock, including stock option exercises
537

 
3,155

Repurchase of common stock
(6,604
)
 
(197,673
)
Payment of tax withholdings on exercise of stock options
(522
)
 
(3,135
)
Capital contribution from noncontrolling interest
62

 
468,391

Distribution to noncontrolling interest
(36,038
)
 
(53,118
)
Proceeds from issuance of other secured debt
221,691

 

Repayments of secured notes
(21,306
)
 

Proceeds from repurchase agreement
109,683

 
749,240

Repayments of repurchase agreement
(298,078
)
 
(80,139
)
Payment of deferred financing costs
(7,123
)
 
(2,335
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(37,698
)
 
1,133,210

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
29,115

 
64,642

Cash and cash equivalents as of beginning of the period
116,782

 
140,000

Cash and cash equivalents as of end of the period
$
145,897

 
$
204,642

 
 
 
 

5



Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (continued)
(In thousands) (Unaudited)
 
Six months ended June 30, 2015
 
Six months ended June 30, 2014
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
21,732

 
$
10,496

Transfer of mortgage loans to real estate owned
271,547

 
220,971

Transfer of real estate owned to mortgage loans
2,865

 
3,594

Change in accrued capital expenditures
(1,732
)
 
1,746

Changes in receivables from mortgage loan dispositions, payments and real estate tax advances, net
36,359

 
4,796

Changes in receivables from real estate owned dispositions
1,369

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6



Altisource Asset Management Corporation
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2015
(Unaudited)

1. Organization and basis of presentation

We were incorporated in the United States Virgin Islands on March 15, 2012, which we refer to as “inception.” Subsequent to our separation from Altisource Portfolio Solutions S.A. ("Altisource") on December 21, 2012, we immediately commenced operations. In October 2013, we applied for and were granted registration by the SEC as a registered investment adviser under section 203(c) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. Our primary business is to provide asset management and certain corporate governance services to Altisource Residential Corporation, which we refer to as “Residential.” Residential is a Maryland corporation that acquires and manages single-family rental properties by acquiring sub-performing and non-performing mortgages throughout the United States.

Residential is currently our primary source of revenue and will drive our results. On March 31, 2015, we entered into a new asset management agreement with Residential (the “New AMA”) with an effective date of April 1, 2015. Prior to the AMA, we were party to a different asset management agreement with Residential (the “Original AMA”) pursuant to which we received incentive fees, which we refer to as our “incentive management fees,” that gave us a share of Residential’s cash flow available for distribution to its stockholders as well as reimbursement for certain overhead and operating expenses. Although the New AMA provides for a new fee structure in which we are entitled to a base management fee, an incentive management fee and a conversion fee for loans and REOs that become rental properties during each quarter, our operating results are highly dependent on Residential's operating results. For additional details on the New AMA, please see “Note 7. Related Party Transactions.”

We have concluded that Residential is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) because Residential’s equity holders lack the ability through voting rights to make decisions about Residential’s activities that have a significant effect on the success of Residential. We have also concluded that we are the primary beneficiary of Residential because under the Residential AMA we have the power to direct the activities of Residential that most significantly impact Residential’s economic performance including establishing Residential’s investment and business strategy. As a result, we consolidate Residential in our consolidated financial statements.

Additionally, we provide management services to NewSource Reinsurance Company Ltd., which we refer to as “NewSource,” a title insurance and reinsurance company in Bermuda. In October 2013, we invested $2.0 million in 100% of the common stock of NewSource and Residential invested $18.0 million in the non-voting preferred stock of NewSource. On December 2, 2013, NewSource became registered as a licensed reinsurer with the Bermuda Monetary Authority (“BMA”). Because we own 100% of voting common stock of NewSource and there are no substantive kick-out rights granted to other equity owners, we consolidate NewSource in our consolidated financial statements. NewSource commenced reinsurance activities during the second quarter of 2014. In December 2014, NewSource determined that the economics of the initial business did not warrant the continuation of its initial reinsurance quota share agreement with an unrelated third party. NewSource therefore transferred all of the risk of claims and future losses underwritten to an unrelated third party.

Since Residential commenced operations, it has completed three public equity offerings with aggregate net proceeds of approximately $1.1 billion. Residential also entered into three separate repurchase agreements to finance its acquisition and ownership of residential mortgage loans and REO properties. The maximum aggregate funding available under these repurchase agreements at December 31, 2014 was $1.2 billion. On April 10, 2015, Residential also entered into a loan and security agreement (the “Nomura loan agreement”) with Nomura Corporate Funding Americas, LLC (“Nomura”). The purpose of the Nomura loan agreement is to finance Residential's beneficial ownership of REO properties. The maximum aggregate funding available to Residential under the repurchase agreements and the Nomura loan agreement as of June 30, 2015 was $1.0 billion, subject to certain sublimits, eligibility requirements and conditions precedent to each funding. As of June 30, 2015, an aggregate of $810.2 million was outstanding under Residential's repurchase agreements and the Nomura loan agreement. All obligations of Residential’s subsidiaries under the repurchase agreements and the Nomura loan agreement are fully guaranteed by Residential.

Each of Residential's repurchase agreements and the Nomura loan agreement is described below:

Credit Suisse (“CS”) is the lender on the repurchase agreement entered into on March 22, 2013 (the “CS repurchase agreement”) with an initial aggregate maximum borrowing capacity of $100.0 million. During 2014 the CS repurchase agreement was amended on several occasions, ultimately increasing the aggregate maximum borrowing

7


capacity to $225.0 million on December 31, 2014 with a maturity date of April 20, 2015, subject to an additional one-year extension with the approval of the lender. On April 20, 2015, Residential entered into an amended and restated repurchase agreement with CS that increased the aggregate borrowing capacity from $225.0 million to $275.0 million, increased the REO sublimit under the facility and extended the maturity date to April 18, 2016.

Deutsche Bank (“DB”) is the lender on the repurchase agreement entered into on September 12, 2013 (the “DB repurchase agreement”). The DB repurchase agreement matures on March 11, 2016 and includes a provision that after March 2015, Residential is not eligible for additional funding under the facility, thereby reducing Residential's aggregate funding capacity under the DB repurchase agreement to $91.8 million, which was the amount outstanding under the facility on June 30, 2015.

Wells Fargo (“Wells”) is the lender on the repurchase agreement entered into on September 23, 2013 (the “Wells repurchase agreement”) with an initial aggregate maximum borrowing capacity of $200.0 million. Throughout 2013 and 2014 the Wells repurchase agreement was amended several times increasing the aggregate maximum borrowing capacity to a high of $1.0 billion, and on December 31, 2014 was reduced to $750.0 million, subject to certain sublimits, to reflect the securitization of a significant portion of Residential's non-performing loans that previously had been financed under the Wells repurchase agreement. The maturity date of the Wells repurchase agreement was March 23, 2015. However, on February 20, 2015, Residential exercised its option to extend the termination date of this facility to March 23, 2016 without any additional funding, thereby reducing Residential's aggregate funding capacity under the Wells repurchase agreement to $471.3 million on June 30, 2015, which was the amount outstanding under the facility on that date. Residential is in discussions with Wells to further extend the repurchase agreement with an ability to obtain additional funding. No assurance can be provided that Residential will be able to renew this facility on reasonable terms, on a timely basis or at all. The agreement calls for the advance rate to be reduced by 10% after the first 90 days of the extension term. The 10% reduction date has been extended for an additional 90 days while the parties are negotiating an amended and restated repurchase agreement.

Nomura is the lender on the Nomura loan agreement entered into on April 10, 2015 with an initial aggregate maximum funding capacity of $100.0 million. On May 12, 2015, Residential amended the terms of the Nomura loan agreement to increase the aggregate maximum funding capacity to $200.0 million, subject to certain sublimits, eligibility requirements and conditions precedent to each funding. The Nomura loan agreement terminates on April 8, 2016.

Since September 2014, Residential has also completed three securitization transactions, each of which is summarized below:

On June 29, 2015, Residential completed a securitization transaction in which ARLP Securitization Trust, Series 2015-1 ("ARLP 2015-1") issued $205.0 million in Class A Notes (the “ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes”) with a weighted coupon of approximately 4.01% and $60.0 million in Class M Notes (the “ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes”). Residential retained $34.0 million of the ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes and all of the ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes. No interest will be paid on any ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes while any ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes remain outstanding. The ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes and ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes are secured solely by the non-performing mortgage loans and REO properties of ARLP 2015-1 and not by any of Residential's other assets. The assets of ARLP 2015-1 are the only source of repayment and interest on the ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes. The ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes mature on May 25, 2055, and Residential does not guaranty any of the obligations of ARLP 205-1 under the terms of the Indenture governing the notes or otherwise. As of June 30, 2015, the book value of the underlying securitized assets held by ARLP 2015-1 was $275.7 million.

8




On November 25, 2014, Residential completed a securitization transaction in which ARLP Securitization Trust, Series 2014-2 ("ARLP 2014-2") issued $270.8 million in Class A Notes (the “ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes”) with a weighted coupon of approximately 3.85% and $234.0 million in Class M Notes (the “ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes”). Residential initially retained $95.8 million of the ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes and all of the ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes. On February 9, 2015, Residential sold $50.7 million of the retained ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes to an unrelated third party. No interest will be paid on any ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes while any ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes remain outstanding. The ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes are secured solely by the non-performing mortgage loans and REO properties of ARLP 2014-2 and not by any of Residential's other assets. The assets of ARLP 2014-2 are the only source of repayment and interest on the ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes. The ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes mature on January 26, 2054, and Residential does not guaranty any of the obligations of ARLP 2014-2 under the terms of the Indenture governing the notes or otherwise. As of June 30, 2015, the book value of the underlying securitized assets held by ARLP 2014-2 was $329.0 million.

On September 25, 2014, Residential completed a securitization transaction in which ARLP Securitization Trust, Series 2014-1 (“ARLP 2014-1”) issued $150.0 million in Class A Notes (the “ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes”) with a weighted coupon of approximately 3.47% and $32.0 million in Class M Notes (the “ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes”) with a weighted coupon of 4.25%. The ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes are secured solely by the non-performing mortgage loans and REO properties of ARLP 2014-1 and not by any of Residential's other assets. The assets of ARLP 2014-1 are the only source of repayment and interest on the ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes. The ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes mature on September 25, 2044, and Residential does not guaranty any of the obligations of ARLP 2014-1 under the terms of the Indenture governing the notes or otherwise. As of June 30, 2015, the book value of the underlying securitized assets held by ARLP 2014-1 was $208.5 million.

Residential retained all of the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes issued by ARLP 2014-1 in its taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”). On September 30, 2014, pursuant to a master repurchase agreement, the TRS sold $15.0 million of the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes to NewSource. The master repurchase agreement initially required the TRS to repurchase the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes from NewSource at a 5.0% yield on December 28, 2014, with the parties having the option to extend the master repurchase agreement for additional 89-day periods. In no event can the master repurchase agreement be extended beyond September 29, 2015. The agreement is currently due to expire on September 22, 2015.

For a more complete description of Residential's repurchase agreements, loan and security agreement and securitization transactions, please see “Note 5. Borrowings.”

On March 18, 2014, we closed a private placement for the issuance and sale of 250,000 shares of our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock to Luxor Capital Group, LP, a New York based investment manager, and other institutional investors for proceeds of $250.0 million. In connection with the foregoing, the Company's Board of Directors has approved a share repurchase program that authorizes us to repurchase up to $300.0 million of our common stock. We used substantially all of the proceeds from this transaction to repurchase shares of our common stock and for other corporate purposes. We have an aggregate of $59.4 million remaining for repurchases under our Board-approved repurchase plan.

Basis of presentation and use of estimates

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States which we refer to as “U.S. GAAP.” All wholly owned subsidiaries are included and all intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements and accompanying unaudited consolidated financial information, in our opinion, contain all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature and necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods. The interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. We have omitted certain notes and other information from the interim consolidated financial statements

9



presented in this Quarterly Report as permitted by SEC rules and regulations. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our 2014 annual report on Form 10-K.

Preferred stock

During the first quarter of 2014, we issued $250.0 million of convertible preferred stock. All of the outstanding shares of preferred stock are redeemable by us in March 2020, the sixth anniversary of the date of issuance, and every five years thereafter. On these same redemption dates, each holder of preferred stock may cause us to redeem all the shares of preferred stock held by such holder at a redemption price equal to $1,000 per share. Accordingly, we classify these shares as mezzanine equity, outside of permanent stockholders' equity.

The holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock will not be entitled to receive dividends with respect to the Series A Preferred Stock. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock are convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $1,250 per share, subject to certain anti-dilution adjustments.

Upon a change of control or upon a liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, holders of the Series A Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive an amount in cash per Series A Preferred Stock equal to the greater of:

(i)   $1,000 plus the aggregate amount of cash dividends paid on the number of shares of Common Stock into which such share of Series A Preferred Stock was convertible on each ex-dividend date for such dividends; and
(ii)    the number of shares of Common Stock into which the Series A Preferred Stock is then convertible multiplied by the then current market price of the Common Stock.

The Series A Preferred Stock confers no voting rights to holders, except with respect to matters that materially and adversely affect the voting powers, rights or preferences of the Series A Preferred Stock or as otherwise required by applicable law.

With respect to the distribution of assets upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, the Series A Preferred Stock ranks senior to our common stock and on parity with all other classes of preferred stock that may be issued by us in the future.

Treasury Stock

We account for repurchased common stock under the cost method and include such treasury stock as a component of total shareholders’ equity. We have repurchased shares of our common stock (i) under our Board approval to repurchase up to $300.0 million in shares of our common stock and (ii) upon our withholding of shares of our common stock to satisfy tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of our restricted stock.

Recently issued accounting standards

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2015-03, Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30) - Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. ASU 2015-03 requires that debt issuance costs are presented on the balance sheet as a deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability instead of being presented as an asset. Debt disclosures will include the face amount of the debt liability and the effective interest rate. The standard requires retrospective application and represents a change in accounting principle. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted. We do not expect the impact of adopting this standard to have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Consolidation (Topic 810) – Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. ASU 2015-02 makes targeted amendments to the current consolidation guidance that change the analysis a reporting entity must perform to determine whether it should consolidate certain types of legal entities. This guidance addresses concerns that current accounting might require a reporting entity to consolidate another legal entity in situations in which the reporting entity’s contractual rights do not give it the ability to act primarily on its own behalf, the reporting entity does not hold a majority of the legal entity’s voting rights, or the reporting entity is not exposed to a majority of the legal entity’s economic benefits or obligations. The standard is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early application is permitted. We are evaluating the impact of ASU 2015-02 on our consolidated financial statements, which could result in the deconsolidation of Residential's financial information in our consolidated financial statements.


10



In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09 Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model requiring a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount reflecting the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 may be applied using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach and is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016. We do not expect this amendment to have a significant effect on our financial position or results of operations.

2. Mortgage loans

Acquisitions of non-performing residential mortgage loans

During the six months ended June 30, 2015, Residential did not acquire any portfolios of non-performing residential mortgage loans. During the six months ended June 30, 2014, Residential acquired an aggregate of 5,797 residential mortgage loans, substantially all of which were non-performing, and 190 REO properties having an aggregate UPB of approximately $1.6 billion and an aggregate market value of underlying properties of $1.4 billion. The aggregate purchase price for these acquisitions was approximately $940.5 million.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, Residential recognized $0.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively for due diligence costs related to a potential purchase of a portfolio that was not ultimately acquired. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, Residential recognized $2.4 million and $2.9 million, respectively, for due diligence costs related to transactions in both general and administrative expense and related party general and administrative expense.

Generally, we expect that Residential's mortgage loan and REO portfolios may grow at an uneven pace, as opportunities to acquire distressed residential mortgage loans and REO portfolios may be irregularly timed and may involve large portfolios of loans or REO, and the timing and extent of Residential's success in acquiring such assets cannot be predicted. In addition, for any given portfolio of loans that Residential agrees to acquire, it typically acquires fewer loans than originally expected, as certain loans may be resolved prior to the closing date or may fail to meet Residential's diligence standards. The number of loans excluded from an acquisition typically constitutes a relatively small portion of a particular portfolio. In some cases, the number of loans Residential does not acquire could be significant. In any case where Residential does not acquire the full portfolio, appropriate adjustments are made to the applicable purchase price.

Throughout this report, all unpaid principal balance and market value amounts for the portfolios Residential has acquired are provided as of “cut-off date” for each transaction unless otherwise indicated. The “cut-off date” for each acquisition is a date shortly before the closing used to identify the final loans being purchased and the related unpaid principal balance, market value of underlying properties and other characteristics of the loans.

Transfer of mortgage loans to real estate owned

During the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, Residential transferred 687 and 894 mortgage loans, respectively, to REO at an aggregate fair value based on broker price opinions ("BPOs"), of $133.9 million and $120.8 million respectively. Such transfers occur when the foreclosure sale is complete. In connection with these transfers to REO, Residential recorded $14.7 million and $28.5 million, respectively, in net unrealized gains on mortgage loans.

During the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, Residential transferred 1,411 and 1,530 mortgage loans, respectively, to REO at an aggregate fair value based on BPOs, of $268.7 million and $217.4 million respectively. Such transfers occur when the foreclosure sale is complete. In connection with these transfers to REO, Residential recorded $33.1 million and $52.1 million, respectively, in net unrealized gains on mortgage loans. At June 30, 2015 Residential had 6,316 loans with a carrying value of $1.3 billion that were in the foreclosure process compared to 7,841 loans with a carrying value of $1.5 billion at December 31, 2014.

Dispositions of non-performing residential mortgage loans

During the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, Residential disposed of 270 and 135 mortgage loans, respectively, primarily through short sales, refinancing, foreclosure sales, and sale of loans that had transitioned to re-performing loans from prior non-performing loan acquisitions. In connection with these dispositions, Residential recorded $19.3 million and $10.8 million, respectively, of net realized gains on mortgage loans.


11



During the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, Residential disposed of 420 and 251 mortgage loans, respectively, primarily through short sales, refinancing, foreclosure sales, and sale of loans that had transitioned to re-performing loans from prior non-performing loan acquisitions. In connection with these dispositions, Residential recorded $34.7 million and $20.1 million, respectively, of net realized gains on mortgage loans.

Acquisitions and dispositions of re-performing residential mortgage loans

On June 27, 2014, Residential acquired 879 re-performing mortgage loans with an aggregate market value of underlying properties of $271.1 million for an aggregate purchase price of $144.6 million. Under ASC 310-30, acquired loans may be aggregated and accounted for as a pool of loans if the loans being aggregated have common risk characteristics. A pool is accounted for as a single asset with a single composite interest rate and an aggregate expectation of cash flows. These 879 re-performing residential mortgage loans were determined to have common risk characteristics and have been accounted for as a single loan pool.

During October 2014, Residential sold an aggregate of 934 re-performing loans to an unrelated third party for an aggregate purchase price of $164 million. The sale included 770 loans from the re-performing mortgage loans purchased in June 2014, and 164 loans that had transitioned to re-performing status from prior non-performing loan acquisitions. During June 2015, Residential sold an aggregate of 189 re-performing loans to an unrelated third party for an aggregate purchase price of $34.6 million. The sale included 52 loans from the re-performing mortgage loans purchased in June 2014, and 137 loans that had transitioned to re-performing status from prior non-performing loan acquisitions. Approximately $2.0 million of the proceeds from the June 2015 re-performing loan sale were used to purchase the loans out of Residential's ARLP 2014-1 and ARLP 2014-2 securitizations and approximately $16.4 million of the proceeds were used to purchase the loans out of Residential's Wells repurchase facility. Therefore, Residential's net proceeds from the June 2015 re-performing loan sale were approximately $16.2 million.

Under ASC 310-30, Residential estimates cash flows expected to be collected, adjusted for expected prepayments and defaults expected to be incurred over the life of the loan pool. Residential determines the excess of the loan pool's contractually required principal and interest payments over the expected cash flows as an amount that should not be accreted, the nonaccretable yield. The difference between expected cash flows and the present value of the expected cash flows is referred to as the accretable yield, which represents the amount that is expected to be recorded as interest income over the remaining life of the loan pool. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, Residential recognized no provision for loan loss and no adjustments to the amount of the accretable yield. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, Residential accreted $0.2 million and $0.5 million, respectively, into interest income with respect to these re-performing loans. As of June 30, 2015, these re-performing loans, having a UPB of $8.8 million and a carrying value of $6.0 million, were held for sale.
   
The following tables present information regarding the estimates of the contractually required payments and the cash flows expected to be collected as of the date of the acquisition and changes in the balance of the accretable yield ($ in thousands):
 
Six months ended June 30, 2015
 
Accretable Yield
Carrying Amount of Loans
Balance at the beginning of the period
$
7,640

$
12,535

Additions

37

Payments and other reductions, net
(3,285
)
(7,064
)
Accretion
(469
)
469

Balance at the end of the period
$
3,886

$
5,977


3. Real estate assets, net

Acquisitions

During the six months ended June 30, 2015, Residential acquired no REO properties as part of their portfolio acquisitions. During three and six months ended June 30, 2014, Residential acquired 190 REO properties for an aggregate purchase price of $27.6 million.


12


On June 28, 2015, Residential entered into an agreement (the “IH Purchase Agreement”) to purchase an aggregate of 1,325 REO properties, the substantial majority of which were rented and occupied, from certain subsidiaries of Invitation Homes (“Invitation Homes”) for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $112.6 million (the “IH Transaction”). The IH Purchase Agreement provided for a 30-day contingency period after signing in which Residential was entitled to complete due diligence on the REO properties, with each of Invitation Homes and Residential having the ability to terminate the IH Purchase Agreement based on the due diligence results. On July 28, 2015, the contingency period expired, and Invitation Homes and Residential determined to move forward with the closing of the IH Transaction. We currently expect Residential to complete the IH Transaction in the third quarter of 2015. There can be no assurance that Residential will be able to complete the IH Transaction on a timely basis or at all.

Real estate held for use

As of June 30, 2015, Residential had 3,977 REO properties held for use. Of these properties, 777 had been rented, 96 were being listed for rent and 111 were in varying stages of renovation. With respect to the remaining 2,993 REO properties, we will make a final determination whether each property meets Residential’s rental profile after (a) applicable state redemption periods have expired, (b) the foreclosure sale has been ratified (c) Residential has recorded the deed for the property, (d) utilities have been activated and (e) Residential has secured access for interior inspection. A majority of the REO properties are subject to state regulations which require Residential to await the expiration of a redemption period before a foreclosure can be finalized. Residential includes these redemption periods in its portfolio pricing which generally reduces the price Residential pays for the mortgage loans. Once the redemption period expires, Residential immediately proceeds to record the new deed, take possession of the property, activate utilities, and start the inspection process in order to make its final determination.

As of December 31, 2014, Residential had 3,349 REO properties held for use. Of these properties, 336 had been rented, 197 were being listed for rent and 254 were in various stages of renovation. With respect to the remaining 2,562 REO properties, we were in the process of determining whether these properties would meet Residential's rental profile. As of June 30, 2014, Residential had 1,766 REO properties held for use. Of these properties, 102 had been rented, 40 were being listed for rent and 140 were in various stages of renovation. With respect to the remaining 1,484 REO properties, we were in the process of determining whether these properties would meet Residential's rental profile. If a REO property meets Residential's rental profile, we determine the extent of renovations that are needed to generate an optimal rent and maintain consistency of renovation specifications for future branding. If we determine that the REO property will not meet Residential's rental profile, we list the property for sale, in certain instances after renovations are made to optimize the sale proceeds.

Real estate held for sale

As of June 30, 2015, Residential classified 819 properties having an aggregate carrying value of $134.0 million as real estate held for sale as they do not meet its residential rental property investment criteria. As of December 31, 2014, Residential had 611 REO properties having an aggregate carrying value of $92.2 million held for sale, and as of June 30, 2014, Residential had 192 REO properties having an aggregate carrying value of $27.6 million held for sale. None of these REO properties have any operations; therefore, we are not presenting discontinued operations related to these properties.

Residential records residential properties held for sale at the lower of either the carrying amount of REO or its estimated fair value less estimated selling costs. If the carrying amount exceeds the estimated fair value, as adjusted, Residential records impairment equal to the amount of such excess. If an increase in fair value is noted at a subsequent measurement date, a gain is recognized to the extent of any previous impairment recognized. As of June 30, 2015 Residential had $7.8 million of impairment on the 819 REO properties having a fair value of $153.9 million. As of December 31, 2014 Residential had $4.9 million of impairment on the 611 REO properties having a fair value of $96.0 million. There was no impairment on the 192 REO properties held at June 30, 2014.

Dispositions

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, Residential disposed of 321 and 575 REO properties, respectively, and recorded $12.4 million and $23.0 million of net realized gains on real estate, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, Residential disposed of 22 and 24 REO properties, respectively, and recorded $1.2 million of net realized gains for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014.


13


4. Fair value of financial instruments

The following table sets forth the fair value of financial assets and liabilities by level within the fair value hierarchy as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 ($ in thousands):
 
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
 
Quoted prices in active markets
 Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices
 Unobservable inputs
June 30, 2015
 
 
 
Recurring basis (assets)
 
 
 
Mortgage loans
$

$

$
1,716,489

Nonrecurring basis (assets)
 
 
 
Real estate assets held for sale
$

$

$
153,868

Transfer of real estate owned to mortgage loans
$

$

$
2,865

Transfer of mortgage loans to real estate owned
$

$

$
271,547

Not recognized on consolidated balance sheets at fair value (assets)
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale
$

$

$
5,977

Not recognized on consolidated balance sheets at fair value (liabilities)
 
 
 
Repurchase and loan and security agreements at fair value
$

$
810,236

$

Other secured borrowings
$

$
521,500

$

 
 
 
 
December 31, 2014
 
 
 
Recurring basis (assets)
 
 
 
Mortgage loans
$

$

$
1,959,044

Nonrecurring basis (assets)
 
 
 
Real estate assets held for sale
$

$

$
96,041

Transfer of real estate owned to mortgage loans
$

$

$
8,400

Transfer of mortgage loans to real estate owned
$

$

$
595,668

Not recognized on consolidated balance sheets at fair value (assets)
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale
$

$

$
12,535

Not recognized on consolidated balance sheets at fair value (liabilities)
 
 
 
Repurchase agreements at fair value
$

$
1,015,000

$

Other secured borrowings
$

$
336,409

$


Residential has not transferred any assets from one level to another level during the six months ended June 30, 2015 or during the year ended December 31, 2014.

The carrying values of Residential's and our cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, related party receivables, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, related party payables, preferred stock, and investment in NewSource are equal to or approximate fair value. The fair value of mortgage loans is estimated using our proprietary pricing model. The fair value of transfers of mortgage loans to real estate owned is estimated using BPOs. The fair value of re-performing mortgage loans held for sale is estimated using the present value of the future estimated principal and interest payments of the loan, with the discount rate used in the present value calculation representing the estimated effective yield of the loan. The fair value of the repurchase agreements is estimated using the income approach based on credit spreads available currently in the market for similar floating rate debt. The fair value of other secured borrowings is estimated using observable market data. The following table sets forth the changes in Residential's level 3 assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis ($ in thousands):

14


 
Three months ended June 30, 2015
 
Three months ended June 30, 2014
 
Six months ended June 30, 2015
 
Six months ended June 30, 2014
Mortgage loans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
$
1,853,495

 
$
1,766,142

 
$
1,959,044

 
$
1,207,163

Investment in mortgage loans

 
300,503

 

 
913,011

Net unrealized gain on mortgage loans
42,209

 
105,042

 
103,343

 
170,172

Net realized gain on mortgage loans
19,272

 
10,819

 
34,654

 
20,140

Mortgage loan dispositions and payments
(82,070
)
 
(44,314
)
 
(147,238
)
 
(83,772
)
Real estate tax advances to borrowers
4,264

 
4,716

 
11,391

 
12,722

Reclassification of realized gains on real estate sold from unrealized gains
13,175

 

 
23,977

 

Transfer of real estate owned to mortgage loans
1,509

 
5,563

 
2,865

 
5,563

Transfer of mortgage loans to real estate owned
(135,365
)
 
(124,443
)
 
(271,547
)
 
(220,971
)
Ending balance at June 30
$
1,716,489

 
$
2,024,028

 
$
1,716,489

 
$
2,024,028

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net unrealized gain on mortgage loans held at the end of the period
$
29,784

 
$
70,623

 
$
80,852

 
$
108,820


The following table sets forth the fair value of Residential's mortgage loans, the related unpaid principal balance and market value of underlying properties by delinquency status as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 ($ in thousands):
 
Number of loans
Carrying Value
Unpaid principal balance
Market value of underlying properties(1)
June 30, 2015
 
 
 
 
Current
727

$
117,544

$
165,532

$
169,272

30
102

16,148

22,309

24,784

60
59

7,128

10,398

11,972

90
1,930

316,877

493,893

477,131

Foreclosure
6,316

1,258,792

1,767,873

1,654,676

Mortgage loans
9,134

$
1,716,489

$
2,460,005

$
2,337,835

December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
Current
670

$
107,467

$
159,731

$
160,654

30
109

15,424

22,629

24,046

60
57

7,921

11,624

12,510

90
2,286

361,434

569,930

544,709

Foreclosure
7,841

1,466,798

2,172,047

1,951,606

Mortgage Loans
10,963

$
1,959,044

$
2,935,961

$
2,693,525

_____________
(1)
Market value is based on the most recent BPO provided to us by the applicable seller for each property in the respective portfolio as of its cut-off date or an updated BPO received since the acquisition was completed.


15


The following table sets forth the carrying value of Residential's remaining re-performing mortgage loans from the re-performing loan portfolio acquired in June 2014, which are held for sale, the related unpaid principal balance and market value of underlying properties by delinquency status as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 ($ in thousands):
 
Number of loans
Carrying value
Unpaid principal balance
Market value of underlying properties(1)
June 30, 2015
 
 
 
 
Current
13

$
1,908

$
2,531

$
3,760

30
6

1,045

1,440

1,909

60
5

466

1,254

1,253

90
17

2,457

3,126

3,847

Foreclosure
3

101

422

348

Mortgage loans held for sale
44

$
5,977

$
8,773

$
11,117

December 31, 2014
 
 
 
 
Current
68

$
8,317

$
11,938

$
15,154

30
6

1,118

1,667

2,004

60
4

359

644

670

90
24

2,741

4,149

4,624

Mortgage loans held for sale
102

$
12,535

$
18,398

$
22,452

_____________
(1)
Market value is based on the most recent BPO provided to us by the applicable seller for each property in the respective portfolio as of its cut-off date or an updated BPO received since the acquisition was completed.

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of Residential's mortgage loans are discount rates, forecasts of future home prices, alternate loan resolution probabilities, resolution timelines and the value of underlying properties. Significant changes in any of these inputs in isolation could result in a significant change to the fair value measurement. A decline in the discount rate in isolation would increase the fair value. A decrease in the housing pricing index in isolation would decrease the fair value. Individual loan characteristics such as location and value of underlying collateral affect the loan resolution probabilities and timelines. An increase in the loan resolution timeline in isolation would decrease the fair value. A decrease in the value of underlying properties in isolation would decrease the fair value. The following table sets forth quantitative information about the significant unobservable inputs used to measure the fair value of Residential's mortgage loans as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014:
Input
June 30, 2015
December 31, 2014
Equity discount rate
15.0%
15.0%
Debt to asset ratio
65.0%
65.0%
Cost of funds
3.5% over 1 month LIBOR
3.5% over 1 month LIBOR
Annual change in home pricing index  
0% to 7.5%
-0.1% to 7.6%
Loan resolution probabilities — modification
0% to 44.7%
0% to 44.7%
Loan resolution probabilities — rental
0% to 100.0%
0% to 100.0%
Loan resolution probabilities — liquidation
0% to 100.0%
0% to 100.0%
Loan resolution timelines (in years)
0.1 to 5.3
0.1 to 5.3
Value of underlying properties
$500 - $5,500,000
$3,000 - $5,300,000



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5. Borrowings

Repurchase agreements and the Nomura loan agreement

Residential's operating partnership and certain of its Delaware Statutory Trust subsidiaries, as applicable, have entered into master repurchase agreements with major financial institutions. The purpose of these repurchase agreements is to finance the acquisition and ownership of mortgage loans, rental properties and REO properties in its portfolio. On April 10, 2015, Residential entered into the Nomura loan agreement for the purpose of financing its beneficial ownership of REO properties. Residential has effective control of the assets associated with these agreements and therefore it has concluded these are financing arrangements. As of June 30, 2015, the weighted average annualized interest rate on borrowing under Residential's repurchase agreements and the Nomura loan agreement was 3.30%, excluding amortization of deferred financing costs.

The following table sets forth data with respect to Residential's repurchase agreements and the Nomura loan agreement as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 ($ in thousands):
 
Maximum borrowing capacity
Book value of collateral
Amount outstanding
June 30, 2015
 
 
 
CS repurchase agreement due April 18, 2016
$
275,000

$
367,114

$
202,855

Wells repurchase agreement due March 23, 2016
471,303

949,984

471,303

DB repurchase agreement due March 11, 2016
91,750

208,958

91,750

Nomura loan agreement due April 8, 2016
200,000

69,831

44,328

 
$
1,038,053

$
1,595,887

$
810,236

December 31, 2014
 
 
 
CS repurchase agreement due April 20, 2015
$
225,000

$
332,618

$
222,044

Wells repurchase agreement due March 23, 2015
750,000

1,036,409

569,509

DB repurchase agreement due March 11, 2016
250,000

450,532

223,447

 
$
1,225,000

$
1,819,559

$
1,015,000


Under the terms of each of its repurchase agreements, as collateral for the funds Residential draws thereunder, subject to certain conditions, Residential's operating partnership will sell to the applicable lender equity interests in its Delaware statutory trust subsidiaries that owns the applicable underlying assets on its behalf, or the trust will directly sell such underlying mortgage assets. In the event the lender determines the value of the collateral has decreased, the lender has the right to initiate a margin call and require Residential, or the applicable trust subsidiary, to post additional collateral or to repay a portion of the outstanding borrowings. The price paid by the lender for each mortgage asset Residential finances under the repurchase agreements is based on a percentage of the market value of the mortgage asset and may depend on its delinquency status. With respect to funds drawn under the repurchase agreements, Residential's operating partnership is required to pay the lender interest based on LIBOR or at the lender's cost of funds plus a spread calculated based on the type of applicable mortgage assets collateralizing the funding, as well as certain other customary fees, administrative costs and expenses to maintain and administer the repurchase agreements. Residential does not collateralize any of its repurchase facilities with cash. Pursuant to the CS repurchase agreement, Residential is entitled to collateralize a portion of the facility with securities. As of June 30, 2015, approximately $10.6 million of the amounts outstanding under the CS repurchase agreement was collateralized by $17.0 million of the Class M Notes issued and retained by Residential in connection with the securitization completed in September 2014 by ARLP 2014-1, and approximately $29.4 million of the amounts outstanding under the CS repurchase agreement was collateralized by $45.1 million of the Class A-2 Notes issued and retained by Residential in connection with the securitization completed in November 2014 by ARLP 2014-2.

The repurchase agreements require Residential to maintain various financial and other covenants, including maintaining a minimum adjusted tangible net worth, a maximum ratio of indebtedness to adjusted tangible net worth and specified levels of unrestricted cash. In addition, the repurchase agreements contain customary events of default. Residential is restricted by the terms of its repurchase agreements from paying dividends greater than its REIT taxable income in a calendar year.

Residential is currently in compliance with the covenants and other requirements with respect to its repurchase agreements. We monitor Residential's banking partners' ability to perform under the repurchase agreements and have concluded there is currently no reason to doubt that they will continue to perform under the repurchase agreements as contractually obligated. For additional information on the repurchase agreements, please see "Note 1. Organization and basis of presentation."


17


Under the terms of the Nomura loan agreement, subject to certain conditions, Nomura may advance funds to Residential from time to time, with such advances collateralized by REO properties. The advances paid under the Nomura loan agreement with respect to the REO properties from time to time will be based on a percentage of the market value of the applicable REO properties. Under the terms of the Nomura loan agreement, Residential is required to pay interest based on the one-month LIBOR plus a spread and certain other customary fees, administrative costs and expenses in connection with Nomura's structuring, management and ongoing administration of the facility.

The Nomura loan agreement requires Residential to maintain various financial and other covenants, including a minimum adjusted tangible net worth, a maximum ratio of indebtedness to adjusted tangible net worth and specified levels of unrestricted cash. In addition, the Nomura loan agreement contains events of default (subject to certain materiality thresholds and grace periods), including payment defaults, breaches of covenants and/or certain representations and warranties, cross-defaults, certain material adverse changes, bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings and other events of default customary for this type of transaction. The remedies for such events of default are also customary for this type of transaction and include the acceleration of the principal amount outstanding under the Nomura loan agreement and the liquidation by Nomura of the REO properties then subject thereto.

Other Secured Debt - Securitizations

On June 29, 2015, Residential completed a securitization transaction in which ARLP 2015-1 issued $205.0 million in ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes with a weighted coupon of approximately 4.01% and $60.0 million in ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes. ARLP 2015-1 is a Delaware statutory trust that is wholly-owned by Residential's operating partnership with a federally-chartered bank as its trustee. Residential retained $34.0 million of the ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes and all of the ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes. No interest will be paid on any ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes while any ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes remain outstanding. The ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes and ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes are non-recourse to Residential and are secured solely by the non-performing mortgage loans and REO properties of ARLP 2015-1 but not by any of Residential's other assets. The assets of ARLP 2015-1 are the only source of repayment and interest on the ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes, thereby making the cash proceeds received by ARLP 2015-1 of loan payments, loan liquidations, loan sales and sales of converted REO properties the sole sources of the payment of interest and principal by ARLP 2015-1 to the bond holders. The ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes mature on May 25, 2055, and Residential does not guaranty any of the obligations of ARLP 205-1 under the terms of the Indenture governing the notes or otherwise. As of June 30, 2015, the book value of the underlying securitized assets held by ARLP 2015-1 was $275.7 million.

On November 25, 2014, Residential completed a securitization transaction in which ARLP 2014-2 issued $270.8 million in ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes with a weighted coupon of approximately 3.85% and $234.0 million in ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes. ARLP 2014-2 is a Delaware statutory trust that is wholly-owned by Residential’s operating partnership with a federally-chartered bank as its trustee. Residential initially retained $95.8 million of the ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes and all of the ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes. On February 9, 2015, Residential sold $50.7 million of the retained ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes to an unrelated third party. No interest will be paid on any ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes while any ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes remain outstanding. The ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes and ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes are non-recourse to Residential and are secured solely by the non-performing mortgage loans and REO properties of ARLP 2014-2 but not by any of Residential's other assets. The assets of ARLP 2014-2 are the only source of repayment and interest on the ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes, thereby making the cash proceeds received by ARLP 2014-2 of loan payments, loan liquidations, loan sales and sales of converted REO properties the sole sources of the payment of interest and principal by ARLP 2014-2 to the bond holders. The ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes mature on January 26, 2054, and Residential does not guaranty any of the obligations of ARLP 2014-2 under the terms of the Indenture governing the notes or otherwise. As of June 30, 2015, the book value of the underlying securitized assets held by ARLP 2014-2 was $329.0 million.

On September 25, 2014, Residential completed a securitization transaction in which ARLP 2014-1 issued $150.0 million in ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes with a weighted coupon of approximately 3.5% and $32.0 million in ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes with a weighted coupon of 4.25%. ARLP 2014-1 is a Delaware statutory trust that is wholly-owned by Residential’s operating partnership with a federally-chartered bank as its trustee. The ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes are non-recourse to Residential and are secured solely by the non-performing mortgage loans of ARLP 2014-1 but not by any of Residential's other assets. The assets of ARLP 2014-1 are the only source of repayment and interest on the ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes, thereby making the cash proceeds received by ARLP 2014-1 of loan payments, loan liquidations, loan sales and sales of converted REO properties the sole sources of the payment of interest and principal by ARLP 2014-1 to the bond holders. The ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes and the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes mature on September 25, 2044, and Residential does not guaranty any of the obligations of ARLP 2014-1 under the terms of the

18


Indenture governing the notes or otherwise. As of June 30, 2015, the book value of the underlying securitized assets held by ARLP 2014-1 was $208.5 million.

Residential retained all of the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes in its TRS. On September 30, 2014, pursuant to a master repurchase agreement, the TRS sold $15.0 million of the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes to NewSource. The master repurchase agreement initially required the TRS to repurchase the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes from NewSource at a 5.0% yield on December 28, 2014, with the parties having the option to extend the master repurchase agreement for additional 89-day periods. In no event can the master repurchase agreement be extended beyond September 29, 2015. The agreement is currently due to expire on September 22, 2015.


19


The following table sets forth data with respect to these notes as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 ($ in thousands):
 
Interest Rate
Amount outstanding
June 30, 2015
 
 
ARLP Securitization Trust, Series 2015-1
 
 
ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes due May 25, 2055(1)
4.01
%
$
205,000

ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes due May 25, 2044
%
60,000

ARLP Securitization Trust, Series 2014-2
 
 
ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes due January 26, 2054(2)
3.87
%
255,144

ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes due January 26, 2054
%
234,010

ARLP Securitization Trust, Series 2014-1
 
 
ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes due September 25, 2044(3)
3.47
%
142,919

ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes due September 25, 2044(4)
4.25
%
32,000

ARNS, Inc.
 
 
Securities sold under agreement to repurchase due September 22, 2015
5.00
%
14,991

Intercompany eliminations
 
 
Elimination of ARLP 2015-1 Class A Notes due to ARNS, Inc.
 
(34,000
)
Elimination of ARLP 2015-1 Class M Notes due to ARLP
 
(60,000
)
Elimination of ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes due to ARNS, Inc.
 
(45,138
)
Elimination of ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes due to ARLP
 
(234,010
)
Elimination of ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes due to ARNS, Inc.
 
(14,991
)
Elimination of ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes due to ARNS, Inc.
 
(32,000
)
 
 
$
523,925

December 31, 2014
 
 
ARLP Securitization Trust, Series 2014-2
 
 
ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes due January 26, 2054(2)
3.85
%
$
269,820

ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes due January 26, 2054
%
234,010

ARLP Securitization Trust, Series 2014-1
 
 
ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes due September 25, 2044(3)
3.47
%
150,000

ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes due September 25, 2044(4)
4.25
%
32,000

ARNS, Inc.
 
 
Securities sold under agreement to repurchase due March 27, 2015
5.00
%
14,991

Intercompany eliminations
 
 
Elimination of ARLP 2014-2 Class A Notes due to ARNS, Inc.
 
(95,729
)
Elimination of ARLP 2014-2 Class M Notes due to ARNS, Inc.
 
(234,010
)
Elimination of ARLP 2014-1 Class A Notes due to ARNS, Inc.
 
(15,000
)
Elimination of ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes due to ARNS, Inc.
 
(32,000
)
 
 
$
324,082

_____________
(1)
The expected redemption date for the Class A Notes ranges from June 25, 2018 to June 25, 2019.
(2)
The expected redemption date for the Class A Notes ranges from November 27, 2017 to November 27, 2018.
(3)
The expected redemption date for the Class A Notes ranges from September 25, 2017 to September 25, 2018.
(4)
The expected redemption date for the Class M Notes is September 25, 2018.


20


6. Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation, claims and assessments

Set forth below are certain developments in our legal proceedings since the March 2, 2015 filing of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 and the May 7, 2015 filing of our quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2015:

The Police Retirement System of Saint Louis v. Erbey, et al. On June 30, 2015, The Police Retirement System of Saint Louis and the defendants entered into a Stipulation and Agreement of Compromise, Settlement and Release (the “Settlement Stipulation”) for the settlement of this derivative action (the “Settlement”), and the parties filed the Settlement Stipulation with the Circuit Court for Baltimore City, Maryland (the “Court") on the same day. By Order dated August 3, 2015, the Court preliminarily approved the Settlement, scheduled a hearing on November 9, 2015 to consider final approval of the Settlement, and authorized Residential to provide notice of the proposed Settlement to stockholders.  If the Settlement is finally approved by the Court and, ultimately, no shareholders successfully object to the Settlement, it will resolve and release all claims in the action that were, or could have been, brought by or on behalf of Residential challenging the Original AMA among Residential, Altisource Residential L.P. and us, or the negotiation of, the terms and provisions of, or the approval of the New AMA. In addition, pursuant to the Settlement Stipulation, the parties agreed that the defendants will pay the attorneys' fees and expenses of plaintiff’s counsel, in an amount not to exceed $6.0 million. We have been informed by our insurers that the Settlement will be a covered claim under our insurance policy.

City of Cambridge Retirement System v. Altisource Asset Management Corp., et al. On May 12, 2015, the court entered an order granting the motion of Denver Employees Retirement Plan to be lead plaintiff and denying the three other motions to be lead plaintiff. On May 15, 2015, the court entered a scheduling order requiring plaintiff to file an amended complaint on or before June 19, 2015, defendants to file their motions to dismiss on or before July 20, 2015, plaintiff to file a response to any such motion on or before August 19, 2015 and defendants to file any reply briefs on or before September 3, 2015. On June 19, 2015, the lead plaintiff filed an amended complaint, and on July 20, 2015, defendants filed a motion to dismiss all claims in the action. We believe the amended complaint is without merit. At this time, we are not able to predict the ultimate outcome of this matter, nor can we estimate the range of possible loss, if any.

Kanga v. Altisource Asset Management Corporation, et al. On May 15, 2015, the plaintiff and the defendants filed an agreed motion to stay the action until the earliest of any of the following events: (i) the City of Cambridge action is dismissed with prejudice; (ii) any of the defendants in the City of Cambridge action file an answer in that action; and (iii) defendants do not move to stay any later-filed derivative action purportedly brought on behalf of us arising from similar facts as the Kanga action and relating to the same time frame, or such motion to stay is denied.

Sokolowski v. Erbey, et al.  On July 16, 2015, we filed a motion to dismiss all claims against us in the action, based upon, among other arguments, lack of personal jurisdiction and failure to state a claim. Co-defendant Residential has filed a similar motion to dismiss the complaint as to all claims asserted against it.  Briefing on the motions to dismiss the complaint is ongoing. 

Hulstrom v. William C. Erbey, et al. On April 23, 2015, a shareholder derivative action was filed in the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands, Division of St. Croix by a purported shareholder of Residential under the caption Kirk Hulstrom v. William Erbey et al. SX-15-CV-158.  The action names as defendants William C. Erbey and each of the current and former members of Residential’s Board of Directors and certain officers of the Company, Residential and Ocwen.  In the complaint, plaintiff asserts claims against the individual defendants for breach of fiduciary duty, abuse of control and gross mismanagement in connection with the asset management agreement among Residential, Altisource Residential, L.P. and us.  As to Ocwen and us, plaintiff alleges that Ocwen and we aided and abetted the purported breaches of fiduciary duty and that we have been unjustly enriched by the asset management agreement.  The complaint also names Residential as a nominal defendant.  At this time, we are not able to predict the ultimate outcome of this matter, nor can we estimate the range of possible loss, if any.

In connection with the Police Retirement System case described above, management had previously established a consolidated litigation accrual in the amount of $3.0 million. Given the notice received by us from our insurers that the Police Retirement System case is a covered claim, we have reversed the $3.0 million litigation accrual.

Management does not believe that we have incurred an estimable, probable or material loss by reason of any of the above new or updated actions.
 

21


7. Related party transactions

New Asset Management Agreement with Residential

On March 31, 2015, we entered into a new Asset Management Agreement (the "New AMA") with Residential. The New AMA, which became effective on April 1, 2015, provides for a new management fee structure which replaces the incentive fee structure under the original asset management agreement (the “Original AMA”) as follows:

Base Management Fee. We are entitled to a quarterly base management fee equal to 1.5% of the product of (i) Residential’s average invested capital for the quarter multiplied by (ii) 0.25 while Residential has fewer than 2,500 single family rental properties actually rented (“Rental Properties”). The base management fee percentage increases to 1.75% of invested capital while Residential has between 2,500 and 4,499 rental properties and increases to 2.0% of invested capital while Residential has 4,500 or more rental properties; 

Incentive Management Fee. We are entitled to a quarterly incentive management fee equal to 20% of the amount by which Residential's return on invested capital (based on AFFO as defined in the New AMA) exceeds a hurdle return rate of between 7.0% and 8.25% (depending on the 10-year treasury rate). The incentive management fee increases to 22.5% while Residential has between 2,500 and 4,499 rental properties and increases to 25% while Residential has 4,500 or more rental properties; and 

Conversion Fee. We are entitled to a quarterly conversion fee equal to 1.5% of the market value of the single-family homes leased by Residential for the first time during the quarter.
 
Residential has the flexibility to pay up to 25% of the incentive management fee to us in shares of Residential common stock.

Under the New AMA, we will continue to be the exclusive asset manager for Residential for an initial term of 15 years from April 1, 2015, with two potential five-year extensions, subject to Residential achieving an average annual return on invested capital of at least 7.0%. Under the New AMA, Residential will not be required to reimburse us for the allocable compensation and routine overhead expenses of our employees and staff, all of which will now be covered by the base management fee described above.

Neither party is entitled to terminate the New AMA prior to the end of the initial term, or each renewal term, other than termination by (a) Residential and/or us “for cause” for certain events such as a material breach of the New AMA and failure to cure such breach, (b) Residential for certain other reasons such as Residential’s failure to achieve a return on invested capital of at least 7.0% for two consecutive fiscal years after the third anniversary of the New AMA, and (c) Residential in connection with certain change of control events.

Under the amended fee structure of the New AMA, the fees due from Residential reduced from $15.5 million in the second quarter of 2014 to $5.2 million in the second quarter of 2015. The $5.2 million fees due from Residential in the second quarter of 2015 consists of a $4.8 million Base Management Fee and a $0.4 million Conversion Fee. No Incentive Management Fee was due from Residential for the second quarter of 2015 because return on invested capital (as defined in the New AMA) was below the required hurdle rate.  The amount by which return on invested capital was below the required hurdle rate in the second quarter of 2015 is a deficit which is carried forward for up to seven future quarters or until the deficit is reduced by Residential's future performance above the hurdle rate.  In future quarters, return on invested capital must exceed the required hurdle rate for the current quarter plus any carried forward cumulative deficit from the prior seven quarters before any Incentive Management Fee is due from Residential.

Summary of Related Party Transaction Expenses

Through January 16, 2015, William C. Erbey served as our Chairman as well as the Executive Chairman of Ocwen, Chairman of Altisource, and Chairman of Residential. Effective January 16, 2015, Mr. Erbey stepped down as the Executive Chairman of Ocwen and Chairman of each of Altisource, Residential and AAMC and is no longer a member of the Board of Directors for any of these companies. Accordingly, at that point, Ocwen and Altisource are no longer considered related parties of Residential and AAMC as defined by FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 850, Related Party Disclosures. Transactions under our agreements with Ocwen and Altisource for the current year through January 16, 2015 were not material to our consolidated results of operations.

22



Our Consolidated Statements of Operations included the following significant related party transactions ($ in thousands):
 
Three months ended June 30, 2015
Six months ended June 30, 2015
Counter-party
Consolidated Statements of Operations location
2015
 
 
 
 
Expense reimbursements

750

Residential/NewSource
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
Conversion fee
399

399

Residential
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
Base management fee
4,962

5,172

Residential/NewSource
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
Management incentive fee

14,900

Residential
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
Professional fee sharing for negotiation of AMA

2,000

Residential
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
 
Three months ended June 30, 2014
Six months ended June 30, 2014
Counter-party
Consolidated Statements of Operations location
2014
 
 
 
 
Residential property operating expenses
$
3,169

$
4,219

Ocwen/Altisource
Residential property operating expenses
Mortgage loan servicing costs
14,942

25,432

Ocwen
Mortgage loan servicing costs
Due diligence and unsuccessful deal costs
1,655

1,766

Altisource
Related party general and administrative expenses
Office and occupancy costs
69

143

Ocwen
Related party general and administrative expenses
Salaries and benefits
612

1,129

Ocwen/Altisource
Related party general and administrative expenses
Base management fee
210

521

NewSource
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
Expense reimbursements
1,789

3,258

Residential
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate
Management incentive fee
13,715

24,626

Residential
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in consolidated affiliate

On September 30, 2014, pursuant to a master repurchase agreement, Residential's TRS sold $15.0 million of the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes to NewSource for a purchase price of 15.0 million. The master repurchase agreement initially required the TRS to repurchase the ARLP 2014-1 Class M Notes from NewSource at a 5.0% yield on December 28, 2014, with the parties having the option to extend the master repurchase agreement for additional 89 day periods. In no event can the master repurchase agreement be extended beyond September 29, 2015. The agreement is currently due to expire on September 22, 2015.

8. Share-based payments

During the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, we granted 44,132 and 8,765 shares, respectively, of market-based restricted stock to certain members of executive management under our 2012 Equity Incentive Plan with a weighted average grant date fair value per share of $181.02 and $791.27, respectively.

Our directors each received annual grants of restricted stock equal to $60 thousand and $45 thousand based on the market value of our common stock at the time of the annual stockholders meeting for 2015 and 2014, respectively. This restricted stock vests and is issued after a one-year service period subject to each director attending at least 75% of the Board and committee meetings. No dividends are paid on the shares until the award is issued. During the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 , we granted 1,122 and 205 shares of stock, respectively, pursuant to our 2013 Director Equity Plan with a weighted average grant date fair value per share of $162.66 and $1,090.26, respectively.


23


We recorded $2.1 million and $2.9 million of compensation expense related to these grants for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively, and recorded $(0.5) million and $2.7 million of compensation expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively. As of June 30, 2015 and 2014, we had an aggregate $23.1 million and $22.3 million, respectively, of total unrecognized share-based compensation cost to be recognized over a weighted average remaining estimated term of 1.8 years and 3.1 years, respectively.

9. Income taxes

We are domiciled in the United States Virgin Islands ("USVI") and under current USVI law are obligated to pay taxes in the United States Virgin Islands on income and/or capital gains. We applied for tax benefits from the United States Virgin Islands Economic Development Commission and received our certificate of benefits, effective as of February 1, 2013. Under the certificate of benefits, so long as we comply with the provisions of the certificate, we will receive a 90% exemption on our USVI sourced income taxes until 2043. NewSource is considered a controlled foreign corporation ("CFC") to AAMC. Subpart F income generated by a CFC is taxed currently in the USVI and is not eligible for the reduced tax rate under the certificate of benefits.

As of June 30, 2015 and 2014, neither Residential nor we accrued interest or penalties associated with any unrecognized tax benefits, nor was any interest expense or penalty recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014. Residential recorded nominal state and local tax expense on income and property for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015. Our subsidiaries and we remain subject to tax examination for the period from inception to December 31, 2014.

10. Earnings per share

The following table sets forth the components of diluted earnings per share (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):

 
Three months ended June 30, 2015
 
Three months ended June 30, 2014
 
Six months ended June 30, 2015
 
Six months ended June 30, 2014
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
743

 
$
13,230

 
$
7,631

 
20,058

Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs
50

 

 
103

 

Numerator for basic EPS - income available to common stockholders
693

 
13,230

 
7,528

 
20,058

Add back amortization of preferred stock issuance costs
50

 

 
103

 

Numerator for diluted EPS - income available to common stockholders after assumed conversions
$
743

 
$
13,230

 
$
7,631

 
$
20,058

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common stock outstanding – basic
2,218,533

 
2,255,278

 
2,211,357

 
2,310,931

Stock options using treasury method
230,243

 
250,287

 
231,478

 
262,033

Restricted stock
98,179

 
169,341

 
109,487

 
176,665

Preferred shares if converted
200,000

 
200,000

 
200,000

 
115,556

Weighted average common stock outstanding – diluted
2,746,955

 
2,874,906

 
2,752,322

 
2,865,185

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per basic share
$
0.31

 
$
5.87

 
$
3.40

 
$
8.68

Earnings per diluted share
$
0.27

 
$
4.60

 
$
2.77

 
$
7.00


For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we had 16,947 and 29,674 weighted average restricted shares, respectively, that were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as they were antidilutive. 


24


11. Segment information

Our primary business is to provide asset management and certain corporate governance services to Residential. Residential's primary business is the acquisition and ownership of single-family rental assets. Residential's primary sourcing strategy is to acquire these assets by purchasing sub-performing and non-performing mortgage loans. While we focus on Residential acquiring rental properties through the acquisition of distressed mortgage loans, we have also always considered purchasing rental properties through other avenues, including, without limitation, though the purchase of portfolios of single-family rental properties, REO properties, residential mortgage-backed securities, clean-up calls and other distressed assets. As a result, we operate in a single segment focused on the management of Residential's resolution of sub-performing and non-performing mortgages and ownership of rental residential properties.


25



Item 2. Management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations

Overview

Our primary business is to provide asset management and certain corporate governance services to Residential and NewSource. We are an SEC-registered investment adviser under section 203(c) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. Residential is currently our primary source of revenue and currently drives our results.

We have concluded that Residential is a variable interest entity because Residential’s equity holders lack the ability through voting rights to make decisions about Residential’s activities that have a significant effect on the success of Residential. We have also concluded that we are the primary beneficiary of Residential’s financial condition and results of operations because under the AMA we have the power to direct the activities of Residential that most significantly impact Residential’s economic performance including establishing Residential’s investment and business strategy. As a result, we consolidate Residential’s financial results in our consolidated financial statements.

The New AMA with Residential

On March 31, 2015 we entered into a new Asset Management Agreement with Residential (the "New AMA") which became effective on April 1, 2015. The New AMA provides for a new management fee structure which replaces the incentive fee structure under the original asset management agreement with Residential (the “Original AMA”) as follows:

Base Management Fee. We are entitled to a quarterly base management fee equal to 1.5% of the product of (i) Residential’s average invested capital for the quarter multiplied by (ii) 0.25, while Residential has fewer than 2,500 single family rental properties actually rented (“Rental Properties”). The base management fee percentage increases to 1.75% of invested capital while Residential has between 2,500 and 4,499 Rental Properties and increases to 2.0% of invested capital while Residential has 4,500 or more Rental Properties; 

Incentive Management Fee. We are entitled to a quarterly incentive management fee equal to 20% of the amount by which Residential's return on invested capital (based on AFFO as defined in the New AMA) exceeds a hurdle return rate of between 7.0% and 8.25% (depending on the 10-year treasury rate). The incentive management fee increases to 22.5% while Residential has between 2,500 and 4,499 Rental Properties and increases to 25% while Residential has 4,500 or more Rental Properties; and 

Conversion Fee. We are entitled to a quarterly conversion fee equal to 1.5% of the market value of the single-family homes leased by Residential for the first time during the quarter.

Residential has the flexibility to pay up to 25% of the incentive management fee to us in shares of Residential common stock.

Under the New AMA, we will continue to be the exclusive asset manager for Residential for an initial term of 15 years from April 1, 2015, with two potential five-year extensions, subject to Residential achieving an average annual return on invested capital of at least 7.0%. Under the AMA, Residential will not be required to reimburse us for the allocable compensation and routine overhead expenses of our employees and staff, all of which will now be covered by the base management fee described above.

Neither party is entitled to terminate the New AMA prior to the end of the initial term, or each renewal term, other than termination by (a) Residential and/or us “for cause” for certain events such as a material breach of the New AMA and failure to cure such breach, (b) Residential for certain other reasons such as Residential’s failure to achieve a return on invested capital of at least 7.0% for two consecutive fiscal years after the third anniversary of the New AMA, and (c) Residential in connection with certain change of control events.

Under the amended fee structure of the New AMA, the fees due from Residential reduced from $15.5 million in the second quarter of 2014 to $5.2 million in the second quarter of 2015. The $5.2 million fees due from Residential in the second quarter of 2015 consists of a $4.8 million Base Management Fee and a $0.4 million Conversion Fee. No Incentive Management Fee was due from Residential for the second quarter of 2015 because its return on invested capital (as defined in the New AMA) was below the required hurdle rate.  The amount by which return on invested capital was below the required hurdle rate in the second quarter of 2015 is a deficit which is carried forward for up to seven future quarters or until the deficit is reduced by Residential's future performance above the hurdle rate.  In future quarters, return on invested capital must exceed the required

26



hurdle rate for the current quarter plus any carried forward cumulative deficit from the prior seven quarters before any Incentive Management Fee is due from Residential.

Additionally, we provide management services to NewSource. On December 2, 2013, NewSource became registered as a licensed reinsurer with the BMA. Because we own 100% of voting common stock of NewSource and there are no substantive kick-out rights granted to other equity owners, we consolidate NewSource in our consolidated financial statements.

Historical Purchases of Non-Performing Mortgage Loans

Since Residential has commenced operations, we have advised Residential and conducted portfolio analysis and the bidding process to facilitate the acquisition and growth of Residential’s portfolio of residential mortgage loans as follows:

During 2014 and 2013, Residential completed the acquisition of an aggregate of 15,817 residential mortgage loans, substantially all of which were non-performing, and 277 REO properties having an aggregate unpaid principal balance (“UPB”) of approximately $4.2 billion and an aggregate market value of underlying properties of approximately $3.6 billion. The aggregate purchase price for these acquisitions was approximately $2.4 billion. Residential did not complete any acquisitions of non-performing residential loan portfolios in the six months ended June 30, 2015.

Additionally, in June 2014, Residential acquired 879 re-performing mortgage loans with an aggregate market value of underlying properties of $271.1 million for an aggregate purchase price of $144.6 million. During October 2014 and June 2015, Residential sold 770 and 52 of these re-performing mortgage loans, respectively. During June 2015, Residential sold an aggregate of 189 re-performing loans to an unrelated third party for an aggregate purchase price of $34.6 million. The sale included 52 loans from the re-performing mortgage loans purchased in June 2014, and 137 loans that had transitioned to re-performing status from prior non-performing loan acquisitions. Approximately $2.0 million of the proceeds from the June 2015 re-performing loan sale were used to purchase the loans out of Residential's ARLP 2014-1 and ARLP 2014-2 securitizations and approximately $16.4 million of the proceeds were used to purchase the loans out of Residential's Wells repurchase facility. Therefore, Residential's net proceeds from the June 2015 re-performing loan sale were approximately $16.2 million.

To date, Residential has acquired its non-performing and re-performing mortgage loans through direct acquisitions from institutions such as banks, HUD and private equity funds.

From inception through June 30, 2015, Residential modified an aggregate of 876 mortgage loans, converted an aggregate of 5,317 non-performing and 2 re-performing mortgage loans into REO properties and disposed of an aggregate of 1,366 non-performing and 11 re-performing mortgage loans through short sale, refinancing or other liquidation events. Residential's preferred resolution methodology with respect to distressed loans is to modify the sub-performing and non-performing loans. We believe modification followed by refinancing generates near-term cash flows, provides the highest possible economic outcome for Residential and is a socially responsible business strategy because it keeps more families in their homes. Residential also sold 800 REO properties from inception through June 30, 2015.

As of June 30, 2015, Residential's portfolio consisted of 9,134 residential mortgage loans, substantially all of which were non-performing, having an aggregate UPB of approximately $2.5 billion and an aggregate market value of underlying properties of $2.3 billion. Residential also owned 4,796 REO properties with an aggregate carrying value of $803.4 million, of which 3,977 were held for use and 819 were held for sale. Of the 3,977 REO properties held for use, 777 REO properties had been rented and were occupied by tenants, 96 were being listed for rent and 111 were in varying stages of renovation. With respect to the remaining 2,993 REO properties held for use, Residential will make a final determination whether each property meets its rental profile after (a) applicable state redemption periods have expired, (b) the foreclosure sale has been ratified, (c) Residential has recorded the deed for the property, (d) utilities have been activated and (e) Residential has secured access for interior inspection. Residential also owned 44 re-performing mortgage loans held for sale having an aggregate UPB of approximately $8.8 million and an aggregate market value of underlying properties of approximately $11.1 million as of June 30, 2015.

Transition to New Servicers

As previously disclosed, during the first quarter of 2015, Residential appointed two new servicers, Fay Servicing (“Fay”) and BSI Financial Services (“BSI”). By the end of April 2015, Residential had transferred the servicing on mortgage loans of approximately $1.1 billion of UPB from Ocwen to Fay and BSI. We believe that these servicing transfers were the right thing to do for Residential's long term prospects, but the transfer of a large portion of loans during the first quarter hampered Residential's resolution efforts on those loans, which negatively impacted its results for the first quarter. We also had

27



previously disclosed that Residential expected to continue to transfer servicing away from Ocwen. As such, in June 2015, Residential transferred servicing on mortgage loans of approximately $680 million of UPB to Fay and BSI. Although these transfers have continued to hamper Residential's ability to covert loans to REO during the second quarter, and may continue to hamper its resolution efforts in the short term, we believe these will be beneficial to Residential in the long term.

Observations on Current Market Opportunities

To date, Residential has acquired rental properties primarily through the acquisition of sub-performing and non-performing mortgage loan portfolios, which is a differentiated approach that we believe strategically positions Residential to take advantage of market opportunities better than market participants that are solely focused on REO acquisitions. Given evolving market conditions, commencing in the second quarter of 2015, Residential expanded its acquisition strategy to opportunistically acquire portfolios of single-family rental properties as an avenue to more quickly achieve scale in its rental portfolio where we believe the economics make sense. Residential also commenced a program to begin purchasing REO properties on a one-by-one basis sourcing listed properties from the Multiple Listing Service ("MLS") and alternative listing sources. We expect the first purchases of this program to occur in the third quarter of 2015.

We believe that the events affecting the housing and mortgage market in recent years have created a significant rental demand for single-family properties. These events have created a large supply of distressed mortgage loans for sale in the market. Therefore, Residential historically has had opportunities to acquire single-family properties through the acquisition of sub-performing and non-performing loan portfolios at attractive valuations. We expect an integrated approach of acquiring sub-performing and non-performing residential mortgage loans and converting them to rental properties will enable Residential to compete more effectively for attractive investment opportunities. While we focus on Residential acquiring rental properties through the acquisition of distressed mortgage loans, we have also always considered purchasing rental properties through other avenues, including, without limitation, though the purchase of portfolios of single-family rental properties, REO properties, residential mortgage-backed securities, clean-up calls and other distressed assets.

In the first two and one-half years of Residential's operations, although we had considered the alternative approaches to acquiring single-family rental homes described above, our most opportunistic acquisition strategy involved acquiring portfolios of non-performing loans. However, as market conditions have continued to evolve, and non-performing mortgage loan pools became relatively higher priced, opportunities in these alternative acquisition strategies have grown and become more prevalent in the marketplace. Although we have been and are continuing to review, assess and assist Residential in bidding on portfolios of non-performing mortgage loans, entities are seeking to sell portfolios of REO properties and rental properties. We have been exploring and reviewing these other sources of single-family rental assets, including the acquisition of portfolios of single-family rental properties and the purchase of certain REO properties on a one-by-one basis, as we believe they may also provide alternative attractive avenues to grow Residential's rental portfolio.
 
As a result of these activities, on June 28, 2015, Residential entered into the IH Purchase Agreement to acquire an aggregate of 1,325 REO properties, the substantial majority of which were rented and occupied, from certain subsidiaries of Invitation Homes for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $112.6 million. The IH Purchase Agreement provided for a 30-day contingency period after signing in which Residential was entitled to complete due diligence on the REO properties, with each of Invitation Homes and Residential having the ability to terminate the IH Purchase Agreement based on the due diligence results. On July 28, 2015, the contingency period expired, and Invitation Homes and Residential determined to move forward with the closing of the IH Transaction. We currently expect Residential to complete the IH Transaction in the third quarter of 2015. There can be no assurance that Residential will be able to complete the IH Transaction on a timely basis or at all.

Prior to the second quarter of 2015, Residential had acquired its non-performing and re-performing mortgage loans through direct acquisitions from institutions such as banks, HUD and private equity funds. We expect to continue to review and acquire portfolios of non-performing loan portfolios at attractive prices, but we expect to be disciplined in doing so, rather than acquiring non-performing loans at inflated prices that do not fit Residential's investment criteria.

Non-Residential Matters

NewSource commenced reinsurance activities during the second quarter of 2014. In December 2014, NewSource determined that the economics of the initial business did not warrant the continuation of its initial reinsurance quota share agreement with an unrelated third party. NewSource therefore transferred all of the risk of claims and future losses underwritten to an unrelated third party.


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On March 18, 2014, we closed a private placement for the issuance and sale of 250,000 shares of our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, to Luxor Capital Group, LP, a New York based investment manager, and other institutional investors for proceeds of $250.0 million. In connection with the foregoing, the Company's Board of Directors has approved a share repurchase program that authorizes us to repurchase up to $300.0 million in shares of our common stock. We used substantially all of the proceeds from this transaction to repurchase shares of our common stock and for other corporate purposes. We have an aggregate of $59.4 million remaining for repurchases under our Board-approved repurchase plan. In the future we may consider using excess cash generated from operations to repurchase shares of our common stock when trading at attractive prices. Such stock repurchases may be made in the open market, block trades or privately-negotiated transactions.

Metrics Affecting Our Consolidated Results

As described above, our operating results depend heavily on Residential’s operating results. Residential’s results are affected by various factors, some of which are beyond our control, including the following:

Revenues

Residential’s revenues primarily consist of the following:

i.
Net realized gain on mortgage loans. Residential records net realized gains, including the reclassification of previously accumulated net unrealized gains, upon the liquidation of a loan which may consist of short sale, third party sale of the underlying property, refinancing or full debt pay-off of the loan. We expect the timeline to liquidate loans will vary significantly by loan, which could result in fluctuations in revenue recognition and operating performance from period to period. Additionally, the proceeds from loan liquidations may vary significantly depending on the resolution methodology. Residential generally expects to collect proceeds of loan liquidations in cash and, thereafter, have no continuing involvement with the asset.

ii.
Net unrealized gains from the conversion of loans to REO. Upon conversion of loans to REO, Residential marks the properties to the most recent market value. The difference between the carrying value of the asset at the time of conversion and the most recent market value, based on BPOs, is recorded in Residential's statement of operations as net unrealized gain on mortgage loans. We expect the timeline to convert acquired loans into REO will vary significantly by loan, which could result in fluctuations in Residential's revenue recognition and its operating performance from period to period. The factors that may affect the timelines to foreclose upon a residential mortgage loan include, without limitation, state foreclosure timelines and deferrals associated therewith; unauthorized parties occupying the property; inadequacy of documents necessary to foreclose; bankruptcy proceedings initiated by borrowers; federal, state or local legislative action or initiatives designed to provide homeowners with assistance in avoiding residential mortgage loan foreclosures and continued declines in real estate values and/or sustained high levels of unemployment that increase the number of foreclosures and which place additional pressure and/or delays on the judicial and administrative proceedings.

iii.
Net unrealized gains from the change in fair value of loans. After Residential's sub-performing and non-performing mortgage loans are acquired, the fair value of each loan is adjusted in each subsequent reporting period as the loan proceeds to a particular resolution (i.e., modification, or conversion to real estate owned). As a loan approaches resolution, the resolution timeline for that loan decreases and costs embedded in the discounted cash flow model for loan servicing, foreclosure costs and property insurance are incurred and removed from future expenses. The shorter resolution timelines and reduced future expenses each increase the fair value of the loan. The increase in the value of the loan is recognized in net unrealized gain on mortgage loans in our consolidated statements of operations. The exact nature of resolution will be dependent on a number of factors that are beyond our control, including borrower willingness to pay, property value, availability of refinancing, interest rates, conditions in the financial markets, the regulatory environment and other factors.

iv.
Net realized gain on real estate. REO properties that do not meet Residential's investment criteria are sold out of its taxable REIT subsidiary. The realized gain or loss recognized in financial statements reflects the net amount of realized and unrealized gains on sold REOs from the time of acquisition to sale completion.

As a greater number of Residential’s REO properties are renovated and deemed suitable for rental and as a greater number of Residential's acquired assets are REO properties to be held for rent, we expect a greater portion of its revenues will be rental revenues. For the non-performing loans Residential has acquired to date, the average number of days to determine whether a property met its rental profile was 181 days for 200 properties for which renovations began during 2015. The average

29



renovation expense was $22,630 per property for 433 renovations completed during 2015, the average number of days between commencement of renovation and listing of the property for rent was 40 days for 178 properties for which renovation began during 2015, and the average number of days from listing to leasing a property was 27 days for 354 properties listed in 2015. We believe the key variables that will affect Residential’s rental revenues over the long term will be average occupancy and rental rates. We anticipate that a majority of Residential’s leases of single-family rental properties to tenants will be for a term of two years or less. As these leases permit the residents to leave at the end of the lease term without penalty, we anticipate Residential’s rental revenues will be affected by declines in market rents more quickly than if its leases were for longer terms. Short-term leases may result in high turnover, which involves expenses such as renovation costs and leasing expenses, or reduced rental revenues. Residential's physical occupancy rate at June 30, 2015 was 83%. For properties in lease-up without stabilized occupancy rates, management believes the physical occupancy rate is the appropriate performance metric. In the lease-up phase, Residential may utilize rent concessions and other incentives, and thus financial occupancy which is based on contractual revenue is not considered the best metric to quantify occupancy. Residential's rental properties had an average annual rental rate of $14,375 per home for 777 properties rented at June 30, 2015.

Although Residential seeks to lease the majority of REO properties it acquires, it may also sell the properties that do not meet its rental investment criteria and generate cash for reinvestment in other acquisitions. The real estate market and home prices will determine proceeds from any sale of real estate. In addition, while we seek to track real estate price trends and estimate the effects of those trends on the valuations of Residential’s portfolios of residential mortgage loans, future real estate values are subject to influences beyond our control.

Residential's investment strategy is to develop a portfolio of single-family rental properties in the United States which provide attractive risk-adjusted returns on invested capital.  In determining which REO properties to retain for its rental portfolio, Residential considers various objective and subjective factors, including but not limited to gross and net rental yields, property values, renovation costs, location in relation to our coverage area, property type, HOA covenants, potential future appreciation and neighborhood amenities.

Expenses

Residential's expenses have primarily consisted of rental property operating expenses, depreciation and amortization, real estate selling cost and impairment, mortgage loan servicing, interest expense, general and administrative expenses, and expense reimbursement and incentive management fees under the Original AMA. Rental property operating expenses are expenses associated with Residential's ownership and operation of rental properties including expenses such as property management fees, expenses towards repairs, utility expenses on vacant properties, turnover costs, property taxes, insurance and HOA dues. Depreciation and amortization is a non-cash expense associated with the ownership of real estate and generally remains relatively consistent each year in relation to Residential's asset levels since these properties are depreciated on a straight-line basis over a fixed life. Real estate selling cost and impairment represents Residential's estimate for the costs to be incurred to sell a property and an amount that represents the carrying amount over the estimated fair value less costs to sell. Mortgage loan servicing costs are primarily for servicing fees, foreclosure fees and advances of residential property insurance. Interest expense consists of the costs to borrow money in connection with Residential's debt financing of its portfolios. General and administrative expenses consist of the costs related to the general operation and overall administration of Residential's and our business. Historically, expense reimbursement consisted primarily of our employee salaries in direct correlation to the services they provided on Residential’s behalf and other personnel costs and corporate overhead. We were not reimbursed by Residential for certain general and administrative expenses pertaining to stock-based compensation and our expenditures that were not for the benefit of Residential. Under the New AMA, there are no general expense reimbursements. The incentive management fees consist of compensation due to us. Historically, this was based on the amount of cash available for distribution to Residential’s stockholders for each period. Under the New AMA, the management fees are based on Residential's invested capital and leased properties. The expense reimbursement and incentive management fee are eliminated in consolidation but increase our net income by reducing the amount of net income attributable to noncontrolling interest.

Other factors affecting our consolidated results

We expect Residential’s results of operations to be affected by various additional factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:


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Acquisitions

Residential’s operating results will depend on our ability to source sub-performing and non-performing loans, other residential mortgage loans and REO properties. We believe that there is currently a large supply of sub-performing and non-performing mortgage loans as well as REO properties and single family rental properties available to Residential for acquisition.

Generally, we expect that Residential’s mortgage loan and single-family rental and REO portfolios may grow at an uneven pace, as opportunities to acquire distressed residential mortgage loans and REO properties may be irregularly timed and may at times involve large portfolios, and the timing and extent of Residential's success in acquiring such assets cannot be predicted.

Financing

Our ability to grow Residential’s business is dependent on the availability of adequate financing including additional equity financing, debt financing or both in order to meet Residential’s objectives. We intend to leverage Residential’s investments with debt, the level of which may vary based upon the particular characteristics of its portfolio and on market conditions. To the extent available at the relevant time, Residential’s financing sources may include bank credit facilities, warehouse lines of credit, structured financing arrangements and repurchase agreements, among others. We may also seek to raise additional capital for Residential through public or private offerings of debt or equity securities, depending upon market conditions. To qualify as a REIT under the Code, Residential will need to distribute at least 90% of its taxable income each year to its stockholders. This distribution requirement limits its ability to retain earnings and thereby replenish or increase capital to support its activities.

Resolution Activities

Residential's business model is dependent on the success of its loan modification and other resolution efforts and the conversion of a significant portion of those loans to REO. Residential’s preferred resolution methodology is to modify the sub-performing and non-performing loans. We believe modification followed by refinancing generates near-term cash flows and provides the highest possible economic outcome for Residential. Upon liquidation of a loan, which may consist of short sale, third party sale of the underlying property, refinancing or full debt pay-off of the loan, Residential records net realized gains, including the reclassification of previously accumulated net unrealized gains. We expect the timeline to liquidate loans will vary significantly by loan, which could result in fluctuations in revenue recognition and operating performance from period to period. Additionally, the proceeds from loan liquidations may vary significantly depending on the resolution methodology.

Upon conversion of loans to REO, Residential marks the properties to the most recent market value and recognizes net unrealized gains for the difference between the carrying value of the asset at the time of conversion and the most recent market value, based on BPOs. The timeline to convert acquired loans into REO can vary significantly by loan, which can result in fluctuations in Residential's revenue recognition and its operating performance from period to period. The factors that may affect the timelines to foreclose upon a residential mortgage loan include, without limitation, state foreclosure timelines and deferrals associated therewith; unauthorized parties occupying the property; federal, state or local legislative action or initiatives designed to provide homeowners with assistance in avoiding residential mortgage loan foreclosures and continued declines in real estate values and/or sustained high levels of unemployment that increase the number of foreclosures and which place additional pressure and/or delays on the already overburdened judicial and administrative proceedings.


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The size and composition of Residential’s sub-performing and non-performing mortgage loan portfolio is, and has been, a key factor affecting its overall operating results. The following table summarizes, by quarter and for the six month periods, the key metrics reflecting the operating performance of Residential’s loan portfolio.
 
First quarter 2014
Second quarter 2014
Six months ended June 30, 2014
 
First quarter 2015
Second quarter 2015
Six months ended June 30, 2015
Mortgage Loans (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
8,054

11,509

8,054

 
10,963

10,089

10,963

Acquisitions
4,207

1,590

5,797

 



Dispositions
(116
)
(135
)
(251
)
 
(150
)
(270
)
(420
)
Mortgage loan conversions to REO
(637
)
(907
)
(1,544
)
 
(728
)
(692
)
(1,420
)
Reversions to mortgage loans (2)
1

13

14

 
4

7

11

Ending balance
11,509

12,070

12,070

 
10,089

9,134

9,134

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Modifications
81

90

171

 
126

131

257

Loan reinstatements
19

30

49

 
67

38

105

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real Estate Owned
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
262

896

262

 
3,960

4,430

3,960

Acquisitions

190

190

 



Dispositions
(2
)
(22
)
(24
)
 
(254
)
(321
)
(575
)
Mortgage loan conversions to REO
637

907

1,544

 
728

694

1,422

Reversions to mortgage loans (2)
(1
)
(13
)
(14
)
 
(4
)
(7
)
(11
)
Ending balance
896

1,958

1,958

 
4,430

4,796

4,796

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Leased
35

102

102

 
587

777

777

Renovations complete
17

40

40

 
151

96

96

Renovations in process
48

140

140

 
116

111

111

Evaluating strategy/held for sale
796

1,676

1,676

 
3,576

3,812

3,812

 
896

1,958

1,958

 
4,430

4,796

4,796

_____________
(1)
Excludes mortgage loans held for sale.
(2)
Subsequent to the foreclosure sale, we may be notified that the foreclosure sale was invalidated for certain reasons.
(3)
Second quarter 2015 conversions to REO included 2 properties that were previously in Residential's re-performing mortgage loans held for sale.

In addition, as of June 30, 2015, 107 of Residential's mortgage loans were on trial modification plans, compared to 207 mortgage loans on trial modification plans as of December 31, 2014.

Portfolio size

The size of Residential’s investment portfolio will also impact operating results. Generally, as the size of Residential’s investment portfolio grows, the amount of revenue it expects to generate will increase. A growing investment portfolio, however, will drive increased expenses including possibly higher servicing fees, property management fees and, potentially, depending on our performance, fees payable to us. Residential may also incur additional interest expense if it incurs additional debt to finance the purchase of its assets.

Existing Portfolio
 
We advised Residential and conducted portfolio analysis and the bidding process to facilitate the acquisition and growth of Residential’s portfolio of residential mortgage loans as follows:

During 2014 and 2013, Residential completed the acquisition of an aggregate of 15,817 residential mortgage loans, substantially all of which were non-performing, and 277 REO properties having an aggregate UPB of approximately $4.2 billion and an aggregate market value of underlying properties of approximately $3.6 billion. The aggregate purchase price for

32



these acquisitions was approximately $2.4 billion. Residential did not complete any portfolio acquisitions in the six months ended June 30, 2015.

Throughout this report, all unpaid principal balance and market value amounts for the portfolios Residential has acquired are provided as of the applicable “cut-off” date for each transaction unless otherwise indicated. We refer to the assets underlying Residential’s completed acquisitions as Residential’s “Existing Portfolio.” The Existing Portfolio does not include assets acquired as REO. As defined in this report, Residential's “Existing Portfolio” does not include the 44 re-performing mortgage loans having an aggregate UPB of approximately $8.8 million and an aggregate market value of underlying properties of approximately $11.1 million as of June 30, 2015, which are considered “Mortgage loans held for sale.”

Residential’s sub-performing and non-performing mortgage loans become REO properties when it has obtained legal title to the property upon completion of the foreclosure. Additionally, some of the portfolios Residential purchases may, from time to time, contain a small number of residential mortgage loans that have already been converted to REO. If and as Residential acquires more REO properties directly, rather than converting loans to REO, its portfolios may rely less on acquiring and resolving loans.

As of June 30, 2015, Residential had 4,796 REO properties, consisting of 3,977 REO properties held for use and 819 held for sale. Of the 3,977 REO properties held for use, 777 properties had been rented and were occupied by tenants, 96 were being listed for rent and 111 were in varying stages of renovation. With respect to the remaining 2,993 REO properties held for use, Residential will make a final determination whether each property meets its rental profile after (a) applicable state redemption periods have expired, (b) the foreclosure sale has been ratified, (c) Residential has recorded the deed for the property, (d) utilities have been activated and (e) Residential has secured access for interior inspection. A majority of the REO properties are subject to state regulations which require Residential to await the expiration of a redemption period before a foreclosure can be finalized. Residential includes these redemption periods in its pricing which generally reduces the price Residential pays for the mortgage loans. Once the redemption period expires, Residential immediately proceeds to record the new deed, take possession of the property, activate utilities, and start the inspection process in order to make its final determination on whether to rent or liquidate the property. If an REO property meets Residential’s rental investment criteria, Residential determines the extent of renovations that are needed to generate an optimal rent and maintain consistency of renovation specifications for future branding. If it is determined that the REO property will not meet Residential’s rental investment criteria, the property is listed for sale, in some instances after renovations are made to optimize the sale proceeds. As of June 30, 2014, Residential had 1,766 REO properties held for use. Of these properties, 102 had been rented, 40 were being listed for rent and 140 were in various stages of renovation. With respect to the remaining 1,484 REO properties at June 30, 2014, Residential was in the process of determining whether these properties would meet its rental profile. Additionally, 192 REO properties owned as of June 30, 2014 were held for sale.

The following table sets forth a summary of Residential's REO properties as of June 30, 2015 ($ in thousands):

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State / District
Number of properties
Carrying value (1) (2)
Weighted average age in years (3)
Alabama
34

$
4,791

25

Alaska
1

185

30

Arizona
116

21,765

22

Arkansas
49

4,275

32

California
662

203,928

35

Colorado
36

8,213

28

Connecticut
32

6,343

55

Delaware
17

2,498

36

District of Columbia
1

218

105

Florida
888

135,024

25

Georgia
180

24,024

23

Hawaii
2

339

22

Idaho
13

1,734

32

Illinois
409

63,206

44

Indiana
160

17,315

33

Iowa
9

652

57

Kansas
25

1,979

50

Kentucky
61

6,506

34

Louisiana
26

2,551

28

Maine
13

1,484

124

Maryland
192

36,811

37

Massachusetts
48

9,538

79

Michigan
96

11,888

43

Minnesota
75

12,318

43

Mississippi
11

1,045

29

Missouri
67

6,509

45

Montana
3

790

29

Nebraska
7

921

54

Nevada
15

1,972

21

New Hampshire
15

2,324

68

New Jersey
65

10,353

68

New Mexico
32

4,063

21

New York
66

11,989

72

North Carolina
236

28,541

19

Ohio
133

16,021

42

Oklahoma
24

2,387

32

Oregon
11

1,877

38

Pennsylvania
253

32,941

54

Rhode Island
55

7,044

79

South Carolina
111

12,853

23

South Dakota
2

295

54

Tennessee
74

9,251

24

Texas
168

21,438

26

Utah
77

13,906

31

Vermont
4

630

140

Virginia
67

18,193

29

Washington
31

6,550

34

West Virginia
2

597

22

Wisconsin
121

13,117

51

Wyoming
1

248

23

Total
4,796

$
803,440

36


34



_____________
(1)
The carrying value of an asset is based on historical cost which generally consists of the market value at the time of foreclosure sale plus renovation costs, net of any accumulated depreciation and impairment.
(2)
Portions of the Existing Portfolio are used to collateralize Residential's secured financing obligations, including its securitization transactions.
(3)
Weighted average age is based on the age weighted by carrying value for each state.

The remainder of Residential’s Existing Portfolio consists of a diversified pool of sub-performing and non-performing residential mortgage loans with the underlying properties located across the United States. The aggregate purchase price of Residential’s Existing Portfolio of mortgage loans for acquisitions completed through June 30, 2015 was 67% of the aggregate market value, as determined by the most recent BPO provided by the applicable seller for each property in the respective portfolio as of its cut-off date.

As of June 30, 2015, the aggregate carrying value of Residential's Existing Portfolio of mortgage loans was $1.7 billion (which does not include the carrying value of Residential's REO properties of an additional $803.4 million). The carrying value of mortgage loans is based on our proprietary pricing model. The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of Residential's mortgage loans are discount rates, forecasts of future home prices, alternate resolution probabilities and foreclosure timelines. Significant changes in any of these inputs in isolation could result in a significant change to the fair value measurement. For a more complete description of the fair value measurements and the factors that may significantly affect the carrying value of Residential's assets, please see Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements.

The table below provides a summary of the sub-performing and non-performing residential mortgage loans in Residential’s Existing Portfolio based on the respective UPB and respective market values of underlying properties as of June 30, 2015 ($ in thousands):
Location
Loan count
UPB
Market value of underlying properties (1)
Weighted average market LTV (2)
Alabama
47

$
7,099

$
5,546

228.5
%
Alaska
3

672

1,055

65.9
%
Arizona
95

26,249

24,554

118.6
%
Arkansas
45

3,677

4,393

100.1
%
California
909

448,941

498,948

102.2
%