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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

  (Mark one)    
  x   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)  
    OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934  
    For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015  
   

 

OR

 

 
  ¨   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)  
    OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934  
    For the transition period from             to               

Commission file number: 1-8606

Verizon Communications Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   23-2259884

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

  (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1095 Avenue of the Americas

New York, New York

  10036
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 395-1000

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    x  Yes    ¨  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    x  Yes    ¨  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

 

x

  

Accelerated filer

 

¨

Non-accelerated filer

 

¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    ¨  Yes    x  No

At June 30, 2015, 4,065,691,468 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding, after deducting 176,682,772 shares held in treasury.

 

 

 


Table of Contents
Table of Contents

 

         Page  
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION   
Item 1.   Financial Statements (Unaudited)   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

Three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014

     3   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

Three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014

     4   
 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014

     5   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014

     6   
 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     7   
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      25   
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      50   
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures      50   
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION   
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings      50   
Item 1A.   Risk Factors      50   
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      51   
Item 6.   Exhibits      52   
Signature      53   
Certifications   


Table of Contents
Part I – Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts) (unaudited)    2015     2014     2015     2014  

Operating Revenues

        

Service revenues and other

   $   28,363      $   29,096      $   56,974      $   58,045   

Wireless equipment revenues

     3,861        2,387        7,234        4,256   
  

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

     32,224        31,483        64,208        62,301   

Operating Expenses

        

Cost of services (exclusive of items shown below)

     6,994        7,094        13,982        14,184   

Wireless cost of equipment

     5,455        4,993        10,563        9,092   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     7,974        7,550        15,913        15,882   

Depreciation and amortization expense

     3,980        4,161        7,969        8,298   
  

 

 

 

Total Operating Expenses

     24,403        23,798        48,427        47,456   

Operating Income

     7,821        7,685        15,781        14,845   

Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated businesses

     (18     (43     (52     1,859   

Other income and (expense), net

     32        66        107        (828

Interest expense

     (1,208     (1,164     (2,540     (2,378
  

 

 

 

Income Before Provision For Income Taxes

     6,627        6,544        13,296        13,498   

Provision for income taxes

     (2,274     (2,220     (4,605     (3,188
  

 

 

 

Net Income

   $ 4,353      $ 4,324      $ 8,691      $ 10,310   
  

 

 

 

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

   $ 122      $ 110      $ 241      $ 2,149   

Net income attributable to Verizon

     4,231        4,214        8,450        8,161   
  

 

 

 

Net Income

   $ 4,353      $ 4,324      $ 8,691      $ 10,310   
  

 

 

 

Basic Earnings Per Common Share

        

Net income attributable to Verizon

   $ 1.04      $ 1.02      $ 2.06      $ 2.15   

Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)

     4,079        4,147        4,097        3,789   

Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

        

Net income attributable to Verizon

   $ 1.04      $ 1.01      $ 2.06      $ 2.15   

Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)

     4,085        4,153        4,103        3,795   

Dividends declared per common share

   $ 0.55      $ 0.53      $ 1.10      $ 1.06   

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions) (unaudited)    2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net Income

   $   4,353      $   4,324      $   8,691      $   10,310   

Other comprehensive loss, net of taxes

        

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     54        9        (87     (940

Unrealized loss on cash flow hedges

     (93     (81     (106     (164

Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities

     (12     11        (9     12   

Defined benefit pension and postretirement plans

     (44     (41     (88     (78
  

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss attributable to Verizon

     (95     (102     (290     (1,170

Other comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

                          (23
  

 

 

 

Total Comprehensive Income

   $ 4,258      $ 4,222      $ 8,401      $ 9,117   
  

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

   $ 122      $ 110      $ 241      $ 2,126   

Comprehensive income attributable to Verizon

     4,136        4,112        8,160        6,991   
  

 

 

 

Total Comprehensive Income

   $ 4,258      $ 4,222      $ 8,401      $ 9,117   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

(dollars in millions, except per share amounts) (unaudited)   

At June 30,

2015

   

At December 31,

2014

 

Assets

    

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 3,008      $ 10,598   

Short-term investments

     309        555   

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $740 and $739

     13,444        13,993   

Inventories

     1,149        1,153   

Assets held for sale

     774        552   

Prepaid expenses and other

     2,818        2,772   
  

 

 

 

Total current assets

     21,502        29,623   
  

 

 

 

Plant, property and equipment

     213,661        230,508   

Less accumulated depreciation

     131,129        140,561   
  

 

 

 
     82,532        89,947   
  

 

 

 

Investments in unconsolidated businesses

     794        802   

Wireless licenses

     86,321        75,341   

Goodwill

     25,429        24,639   

Other intangible assets, net

     7,983        5,728   

Non-current assets held for sale

     9,647          

Deposit for wireless licenses

            921   

Other assets

     6,545        5,707   
  

 

 

 

Total assets

   $   240,753      $   232,708   
  

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity

    

Current liabilities

    

Debt maturing within one year

   $ 4,206      $ 2,735   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     16,953        16,680   

Liabilities related to assets held for sale

     457          

Other

     9,029        8,649   
  

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     30,645        28,064   
  

 

 

 

Long-term debt

     109,465        110,536   

Employee benefit obligations

     32,711        33,280   

Deferred income taxes

     42,945        41,578   

Non-current liabilities related to assets held for sale

     942          

Other liabilities

     11,171        5,574   

Equity

    

Series preferred stock ($.10 par value; none issued)

              

Common stock ($.10 par value; 4,242,374,240 shares
issued in each period)

     424        424   

Contributed capital

     11,167        11,155   

Reinvested earnings

     6,418        2,447   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     821        1,111   

Common stock in treasury, at cost

     (7,741     (3,263

Deferred compensation – employee stock ownership plans and other

     326        424   

Noncontrolling interests

     1,459        1,378   
  

 

 

 

Total equity

     12,874        13,676   
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 240,753      $ 232,708   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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Table of Contents

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

 

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions) (unaudited)    2015     2014  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

    

Net Income

   $ 8,691      $ 10,310   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization expense

     7,969        8,298   

Employee retirement benefits

     561        562   

Deferred income taxes

     826        253   

Provision for uncollectible accounts

     744        473   

Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated businesses, net of dividends received

     72        (1,841

Changes in current assets and liabilities, net of
effects from acquisition/disposition of businesses

     416        (847

Other, net

     (373     (2,404
  

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

        18,906             14,804   
  

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

    

Capital expenditures (including capitalized software)

     (8,153     (8,494

Acquisitions of investments and businesses, net of cash acquired

     (3,225     (179

Acquisitions of wireless licenses

     (9,677     (271

Proceeds from dispositions of wireless licenses

            2,367   

Other, net

     884        231   
  

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (20,171     (6,346
  

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

    

Proceeds from long-term borrowings

     6,497        20,245   

Repayments of long-term borrowings and capital lease obligations

     (5,797     (11,317

Increase (decrease) in short-term obligations, excluding current maturities

     (106     279   

Dividends paid

     (4,266     (3,583

Proceeds from sale of common stock

            34   

Purchase of common stock for treasury

     (5,074       

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest

            (58,886

Other, net

     2,421        (2,982
  

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (6,325     (56,210
  

 

 

 

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (7,590     (47,752

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     10,598        53,528   
  

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 3,008      $ 5,776   
  

 

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

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Table of Contents

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

Verizon Communications Inc. and Subsidiaries

(Unaudited)

 

1.

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared based upon Securities and Exchange Commission rules that permit reduced disclosure for interim periods. For a more complete discussion of significant accounting policies and certain other information, you should refer to the financial statements included in the Verizon Communications Inc. (Verizon or the Company) Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. These financial statements reflect all adjustments that are necessary for a fair presentation of results of operations and financial condition for the interim periods shown, including normal recurring accruals and other items. The results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year. We have reclassified certain prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation.

Leasing Arrangements

At each reporting period, we monitor the credit quality of the various lessees in our portfolios. Regarding the leveraged lease portfolio, external credit reports are used where available and where not available we use internally developed indicators. These indicators or internal credit risk grades factor historic loss experience, the value of the underlying collateral, delinquency trends, and industry and general economic conditions. The credit quality of our lessees primarily varies from AAA to CCC+. For each reporting period, the leveraged leases within the portfolio are reviewed for indicators of impairment where it is probable the rent due according to the contractual terms of the lease will not be collected. All significant accounts, individually or in the aggregate, are current and none are classified as impaired.

Earnings Per Common Share

There were a total of approximately 6 million outstanding dilutive securities, primarily consisting of restricted stock units, included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively. There were a total of approximately 6 million outstanding dilutive securities, primarily consisting of restricted stock units, included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively.

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

During the first quarter of 2015, we adopted the accounting standard update related to the reporting of discontinued operations and disclosures of disposals of components of an entity, which changes the criteria for reporting discontinued operations. As a result of this standard update, a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported in discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has, or will have, a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results. The prospective adoption of this standard update did not have an impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In May 2015, the accounting standard update related to disclosures for investments in certain entities that calculate net asset value per share was issued. This standard update removes the requirement to categorize within the fair value hierarchy all investments for which fair value is measured using the net asset value per share practical expedient. The standard update also removes the requirement to make certain disclosures for all investments that are eligible to be measured at fair value using the net asset value per share practical expedient. This standard update is effective as of the first quarter of 2016 and will be applied retrospectively to all periods presented. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this standard update is not expected to have a significant impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the accounting standard update related to the simplification of the presentation of debt issuance costs was issued. This standard update requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability. This standard update is effective as of the first quarter of 2016; however, earlier adoption is permitted. The adoption of this standard update is not expected to have a significant impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In January 2015, the accounting standard update related to the reporting of extraordinary and unusual items was issued. This standard update eliminates the concept of extraordinary items from generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (U.S. GAAP) as part of an initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards while maintaining or improving the usefulness

 

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of the information provided to the users of the financial statements. The presentation and disclosure guidance for items that are unusual in nature or occur infrequently will be retained and expanded to include items that are both unusual in nature and infrequent in occurrence. This standard update is effective as of the first quarter of 2016; however, earlier adoption is permitted. The adoption of this standard update is not expected to have a significant impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In June 2014, an accounting standard update was issued related to the accounting for share-based payments when the terms of an award provide that a performance target could be achieved after the requisite service period. The standard update resolves the diverse accounting treatment for these share-based payments by requiring that a performance target that affects vesting and that could be achieved after the requisite service period be treated as a performance condition. The requisite service period ends when the employee can cease rendering service and still be eligible to vest in the award if the performance target is achieved. We will adopt this standard update during the first quarter of 2016. The adoption of this standard update is not expected to have a significant impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the accounting standard update related to the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers was issued. This standard update clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue and develops a common revenue standard for U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. The standard update intends to provide a more robust framework for addressing revenue issues; improve comparability of revenue recognition practices across entities, industries, jurisdictions, and capital markets; and provide more useful information to users of financial statements through improved disclosure requirements. Upon adoption of this standard update, we expect that the allocation and timing of revenue recognition will be impacted. In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board voted to delay the effective date of this standard until the first quarter of 2018. Companies are permitted to early adopt the standard in the first quarter of 2017.

There are two adoption methods available for implementation of the standard update related to the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. Under one method, the guidance is applied retrospectively to contracts for each reporting period presented, subject to allowable practical expedients. Under the other method, the guidance is applied to contracts not completed as of the date of initial application, recognizing the cumulative effect of the change as an adjustment to the beginning balance of retained earnings, and also requires additional disclosures comparing the results to the previous guidance. We are currently evaluating these adoption methods and the impact that this standard update will have on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2.

Acquisitions and Divestitures

 

Wireless

Spectrum License Transactions

On January 29, 2015, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) completed an auction of 65 MHz of spectrum, which it identified as the Advanced Wireless Services (AWS)-3 band. Verizon participated in that auction and was the high bidder on 181 spectrum licenses, for which we paid cash of approximately $10.4 billion. During the fourth quarter of 2014, we made a deposit of $0.9 billion related to our participation in this auction. During the first quarter of 2015, we submitted an application to the FCC and paid $9.5 billion to the FCC to complete payment for these licenses. The cash payment of $9.5 billion is classified within Acquisitions of wireless licenses on our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015. On April 8, 2015, the FCC granted us these spectrum licenses.

During the first quarter of 2015, we completed a license exchange transaction with affiliates of AT&T Inc. to exchange certain AWS and Personal Communication Services (PCS) spectrum licenses and as a result we recorded an immaterial gain.

During July 2015, we entered into a license exchange agreement with an affiliate of T-Mobile USA, Inc., which provides for the exchange of certain AWS and PCS spectrum licenses. This non-cash exchange is expected to be completed near the end of 2015.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we acquired or exchanged various other wireless licenses for cash consideration that was not significant.

Tower Monetization Transaction

During March 2015, we completed a transaction with American Tower Corporation (American Tower) pursuant to which American Tower acquired the exclusive rights to lease and operate approximately 11,300 of our wireless towers for an upfront payment of $5.0 billion. Under the terms of the leases, American Tower has exclusive rights to lease and operate the towers over an average term of approximately 28 years. As part of this transaction, we also sold 162 towers for $0.1 billion. We will sublease capacity on the towers from American Tower for a minimum of 10 years at current market rates, with options to renew. As the

 

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leases expire, American Tower has fixed-price purchase options to acquire these towers based on their anticipated fair market values at the end of the lease terms. The upfront payment, including the towers sold, which is primarily included within Other liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheet, is accounted for as deferred rent and as a financing obligation. The $2.4 billion accounted for as deferred rent, which is presented within Other, net cash flows provided by operating activities, relates to the portion of the towers for which the right-of-use has passed to the tower operator. The $2.7 billion accounted for as a financing obligation, which is presented within Other, net cash flows used in financing activities, relates to the portion of the towers that we continue to occupy and use for network operations.

Wireline

Access Line Sale

On February 5, 2015, we announced that we have entered into a definitive agreement with Frontier Communications Corporation (Frontier) pursuant to which Verizon will sell its local exchange business and related landline activities in California, Florida, and Texas, including FiOS Internet and Video customers, switched and special access lines and high-speed Internet service and long distance voice accounts in these three states for approximately $10.5 billion, subject to certain adjustments and including the assumption of $0.6 billion of indebtedness from Verizon by Frontier. The transaction, which includes the acquisition by Frontier of the equity interests of Verizon’s incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs) in California, Florida and Texas, does not involve any assets or liabilities of Verizon Wireless. The assets and liabilities that will be sold are currently included in Verizon’s continuing operations and classified as assets held for sale and liabilities related to assets held for sale on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2015. The transaction is subject to the satisfaction of certain closing conditions including, among others, receipt of state and federal telecommunications regulatory approvals, and we expect this transaction to close during the first half of 2016.

Based on the number of connections as of December 31, 2014, the transaction will result in Frontier acquiring approximately 3.7 million voice connections, 1.5 million FiOS Internet subscribers, 1.2 million FiOS Video subscribers and the related ILEC businesses from Verizon. This business generated annual revenues of approximately $5.4 billion, excluding revenue with affiliates, for Verizon in 2014. The operating results of this business are included within our Wireline segment for all periods presented.

The following table summarizes the major classes of assets and liabilities of our local exchange and related landline activities in California, Florida and Texas which are classified as held for sale on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2015:

 

      (dollars in millions)  

Assets held for sale:

  

Accounts receivable

   $ 437   

Prepaid expense and other

     68   
  

 

 

 

Total current assets held for sale

     505   

Plant, property and equipment, net

     8,266   

Goodwill (Note 3)

     1,328   

Other assets

     53   
  

 

 

 

Total non-current assets held for sale

     9,647   
  

 

 

 

Total assets held for sale

   $   10,152   
  

 

 

 

Liabilities related to assets held for sale:

  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

   $ 243   

Other current liabilities

     214   
  

 

 

 

Total current liabilities related to assets held for sale

     457   

Long-term debt

     594   

Employee benefit obligations

     235   

Other liabilities

     113   
  

 

 

 

Total non-current liabilities related to assets held for sale

     942   
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities related to assets held for sale

   $ 1,399   
  

 

 

 

 

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Other

Acquisition of AOL Inc.

On May 12, 2015, Verizon, and a wholly-owned acquisition subsidiary of Verizon (Purchaser), entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the Merger Agreement) with AOL Inc. (AOL) pursuant to which Purchaser commenced a tender offer to acquire all of the outstanding shares of common stock of AOL at a price of $50.00 per share, net to the seller in cash, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes (the Offer). On June 23, 2015, all conditions to the Offer having been satisfied, Purchaser accepted for payment all shares validly tendered and not withdrawn prior to the expiration date of the Offer and, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, Purchaser was merged with and into AOL, with AOL being the surviving corporation, and AOL became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verizon. All AOL shares that were not validly tendered (other than shares that were canceled or converted into shares of the surviving corporation in accordance with the Merger Agreement, and those shares held by stockholders that exercised appraisal rights) were canceled and converted into the right to receive $50.00 per share in cash, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes – the same price paid for the tendered shares. The aggregate cash consideration paid by Verizon at the closing of these transactions was approximately $3.8 billion. Holders of approximately 6.6 million shares exercised their appraisal rights under Delaware law. If they had not exercised these rights, Verizon would have paid an additional $330 million for such shares at the closing.

AOL is a leader in the digital content and advertising platform space. Verizon has been investing in emerging technology that taps into the market shift to digital content and advertising. AOL’s advertising model aligns with this approach, and we believe that the advertising platform enhances our ability to further develop future revenue streams.

The acquisition of AOL has been accounted for as a business combination. We have commenced the appraisals necessary to assess the fair values of the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed and the amount of goodwill to be recognized as of the acquisition date. As the values of certain of these assets, liabilities and noncontrolling interests are preliminary in nature, they are subject to adjustment as additional information is obtained about the facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date. The valuations will be finalized within 12 months following the close of the acquisition. When the valuations are finalized, any changes to the preliminary valuation of assets acquired and liabilities assumed may result in significant adjustments to the preliminary fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired and goodwill.

The fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed were preliminarily determined using the income, cost and market approaches. The fair value measurements were primarily based on significant inputs that are not observable in the market and thus represent a Level 3 measurement as defined in ASC 820, other than long-term debt assumed in the acquisition. The income approach was primarily used to value the intangible assets, consisting primarily of acquired technology and customer relationships. The income approach indicates value for an asset based on the present value of cash flow projected to be generated by the asset. Projected cash flow is discounted at a required rate of return that reflects the relative risk of achieving the cash flow and the time value of money. The cost approach, which estimates value by determining the current cost of replacing an asset with another of equivalent economic utility, was used, as appropriate, for plant, property and equipment. The cost to replace a given asset reflects the estimated reproduction or replacement cost for the property, less an allowance for loss in value due to depreciation.

 

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The following table summarizes the consideration to AOL’s shareholders and the preliminary identification of the assets acquired, including cash acquired of $0.6 billion, and liabilities assumed as of the close of the acquisition, as well as the fair value at the acquisition date of AOL’s noncontrolling interests.

 

(dollars in millions)    As of June 23, 2015  

Cash payment to AOL’s equity holders

   $ 3,774   

Estimated liabilities to be paid

     386   
  

 

 

 

Total consideration

   $ 4,160   
  

 

 

 

Assets acquired:

  

Goodwill

   $ 2,120   

Intangible assets subject to amortization

     2,285   

Other

     1,662   
  

 

 

 

Total assets acquired

     6,067   

Liabilities assumed:

  

Total liabilities assumed

     1,906   

Net assets acquired:

     4,161   

Noncontrolling interest

     (1
  

 

 

 

Total consideration

   $   4,160   
  

 

 

 

Goodwill is calculated as the difference between the acquisition date fair value of the consideration transferred and the fair value of the net assets acquired. The goodwill recorded as a result of the AOL transaction represents future economic benefits we expect to achieve as a result of combining the operations of AOL and Verizon as well as assets acquired that could not be individually identified and separately recognized. The assignment of preliminary goodwill among reporting units is not complete. As a result, the preliminary goodwill related to this acquisition is unallocated at June 30, 2015.

Pro Forma Information

If the acquisition of AOL was completed as of January 1, 2014, our results of operations, including Operating revenues and Net income attributable to Verizon, would not have been materially different from our previously reported results of operations.

Real Estate Transaction

On May 19, 2015, Verizon consummated a sale-leaseback transaction with a financial services firm for the buildings and real estate at our Basking Ridge, New Jersey location. We received total gross proceeds of $0.7 billion resulting in a deferred gain of $0.4 billion, which will be amortized over the initial leaseback term of twenty years. The leaseback of the buildings and real estate is accounted for as an operating lease. The proceeds received as a result of this transaction have been classified within Cash flows used in investing activities on our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015.

 

3.

Wireless Licenses, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

 

Wireless Licenses

Changes in the carrying amount of Wireless licenses are as follows:

 

(dollars in millions)        

Balance at January 1, 2015

   $ 75,341   

Acquisitions (Note 2)

     10,473   

Capitalized interest on wireless licenses

     124   

Reclassifications, adjustments and other

     383   
  

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

   $   86,321   
  

 

 

 

Reclassifications, adjustments and other includes the exchanges of wireless licenses in 2015 (see Note 2 for additional details).

 

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At June 30, 2015, approximately $10.8 billion of wireless licenses were under development for commercial service for which we were capitalizing interest costs.

The average remaining renewal period for our wireless licenses portfolio was 6.0 years as of June 30, 2015.

Goodwill

Changes in the carrying amount of Goodwill are as follows:

 

(dollars in millions)    Wireless      Wireline     Unallocated      Total  

Balance at January 1, 2015

   $       18,390       $       6,249      $       $       24,639   

Acquisitions (Note 2)

     3                      2,120         2,123   

Reclassifications, adjustments and other (Note 2)

             (1,333             (1,333
  

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

   $ 18,393       $ 4,916      $ 2,120       $ 25,429   
  

 

 

 

The increase in Goodwill at June 30, 2015 was primarily due to the acquisition of AOL in the second quarter of 2015. The assignment of the preliminary Goodwill to reporting units has not been completed. As a result, the preliminary Goodwill related to this acquisition is unallocated at June 30, 2015 (see Note 2 for additional details). This increase was partially offset by a decrease in Goodwill in Wireline primarily due to the reclassification of $1.3 billion of Goodwill to Non-current assets held for sale on our condensed consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2015 as a result of our agreement to sell our local exchange business and related landline activities in California, Florida, and Texas to Frontier (see Note 2 for additional details). The amount of Goodwill reclassified was based on the relative fair value of the transaction to the Wireline reporting unit.

Other Intangible Assets

The following table displays the composition of Other intangible assets, net:

 

     At June 30, 2015      At December 31, 2014  
(dollars in millions)    Gross
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Amount
     Gross
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Amount
 

Customer lists (5 to 13 years)

   $ 5,007       $ (3,036   $ 1,971       $ 3,618       $ (2,924   $ 694   

Non-network internal-use software (3 to 7 years)

     14,527         (9,113     5,414         13,194         (8,462     4,732   

Other (5 to 25 years)

     989         (391     598         670         (368     302   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $     20,523       $     (12,540   $     7,983       $     17,482       $     (11,754   $     5,728   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The amortization expense for Other intangible assets was as follows:

 

(dollars in millions)    Three Months Ended
June 30,
    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 

2015

     $  428         $  809   

2014

     393         787   

The estimated future amortization expense for Other intangible assets is as follows:

 

Years    (dollars in millions)  

Remainder of 2015

     $     859   

2016

     1,511   

2017

     1,309   

2018

     1,127   

2019

     906   

 

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4.

Debt

 

Changes to debt during the six months ended June 30, 2015 are as follows:

 

(dollars in millions)    Debt Maturing
within One Year
    Long-term
Debt
    Total  

Balance at January 1, 2015

   $   2,735      $   110,536      $   113,271   

Proceeds from borrowings

     4,000        2,497        6,497   

Repayments of borrowings and capital leases obligations

     (5,797            (5,797

Decrease in short–term obligations, excluding current maturities

     (106            (106

Reclassifications of long–term debt

     2,816        (2,816       

Reclassification of long–term debt to Non–current liabilities related to
assets held for sale (Note 2)

            (594     (594

Debt acquired (Note 2)

     461        92        553   

Other

     97        (250     (153
  

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

   $ 4,206      $ 109,465      $ 113,671   
  

 

 

 

During June 2015, as part of the Merger Agreement with AOL, we assumed approximately $0.6 billion of debt and capital lease obligations, of which approximately $0.1 billion was repaid. During July 2015, we repaid an additional $0.3 billion of this assumed debt.

February Exchange Offers

On February 11, 2015, we announced the commencement of seven separate private offers to exchange (the February Exchange Offers) specified series of outstanding notes and debentures issued by Verizon and GTE Corporation (collectively, the Old Notes) for new Notes to be issued by Verizon (the New Notes) and, in the case of the 6.94% debentures due 2028 of GTE Corporation, cash. The February Exchange Offers have been accounted for as a modification of debt. On March 13, 2015, Verizon issued $2.9 billion aggregate principal amount of 4.272% Notes due 2036 (the 2036 New Notes), $5.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 4.522% Notes due 2048 (the 2048 New Notes) and $5.5 billion aggregate principal amount of 4.672% Notes due 2055 (the 2055 New Notes) in satisfaction of the exchange offer consideration on tendered Old Notes (not including accrued and unpaid interest on the Old Notes). The following tables list the series of Old Notes included in the February Exchange Offers and the principal amount of each such series accepted by Verizon for exchange.

The table below lists the series of Old Notes included in the February Exchange Offer for the 2036 New Notes:

 

(dollars in millions)    Interest
Rate
    Maturity     

Principal

Amount

Outstanding

    

Principal

Amount

Accepted

For

Exchange

 

Verizon Communications Inc.

     5.15     2023       $   11,000       $   2,483   

The table below lists the series of Old Notes included in the February Exchange Offers for the 2048 New Notes:

 

(dollars in millions)    Interest
Rate
    Maturity      Principal
Amount
Outstanding
    

Principal

Amount

Accepted

For

Exchange

 

Verizon Communications Inc.

     6.90     2038       $   1,250       $ 773   
     6.40     2038         1,750         884   
     6.40     2033         4,355         2,159   
     6.25     2037         750           

GTE Corporation

     6.94     2028         800           
          

 

 

 
           $   3,816   
          

 

 

 

 

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The table below lists the series of Old Notes included in the February Exchange Offer for the 2055 New Notes:

 

(dollars in millions)    Interest
Rate
    Maturity      Principal
Amount
Outstanding
    

Principal

Amount

Accepted

For

Exchange

 

Verizon Communications Inc.

     6.55     2043       $   10,670       $   4,084   

Term Loan Agreement

During the first quarter of 2015, we entered into a term loan agreement with a major financial institution, pursuant to which we borrowed $6.5 billion for general corporate purposes, including the acquisition of spectrum licenses. Borrowings under the term loan agreement mature in March 2016, with a $4.0 billion mandatory prepayment required in June 2015. The term loan agreement contains certain negative covenants, including a negative pledge covenant, a merger or similar transaction covenant and an accounting changes covenant, affirmative covenants and events of default that are customary for companies maintaining an investment grade credit rating. In addition, the term loan agreement requires us to maintain a leverage ratio (as defined in the term loan agreement) not in excess of 3.50:1.00, until our credit ratings are equal to or higher than A3 and A- at Moody’s Investors Service and Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, respectively.

During March 2015, we prepaid approximately $5.0 billion of the term loan agreement, which satisfied the mandatory prepayment.

Other Credit Facilities

As of June 30, 2015, the unused borrowing capacity under our $8.0 billion credit facility was approximately $7.9 billion.

Additional Financing Activities (Non-Cash Transaction)

During the six months ended June 30, 2015, we financed, primarily through vendor financing arrangements, the purchase of approximately $0.4 billion of long-lived assets, consisting primarily of network equipment. At June 30, 2015, $0.9 billion of these arrangements, including those entered into in prior years, remained outstanding. These purchases are non-cash financing activities and therefore not reflected within Capital expenditures on our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

Guarantees

We guarantee the debentures and first mortgage bonds of our operating telephone company subsidiaries. As of June 30, 2015, $3.1 billion aggregate principal amount of these obligations remained outstanding. Each guarantee will remain in place for the life of the obligation unless terminated pursuant to its terms, including the operating telephone company no longer being a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verizon.

We also guarantee the debt obligations of GTE Corporation that were issued and outstanding prior to July 1, 2003. As of June 30, 2015, $1.4 billion aggregate principal amount of these obligations remain outstanding.

 

5.

Wireless Equipment Installment Plans

 

We offer new and existing customers the option to participate in Verizon Edge, a program that provides eligible wireless customers with the ability to pay for their device over a period of time (an equipment installment plan) and the right to upgrade their device, subject to certain conditions, including, for those customers that were enrolled in the program on or before May 31, 2015, making a stated portion of the required device payments and trading in their device. Beginning on June 1, 2015, customers who enter into new Verizon Edge agreements are required to repay their entire installment receivable before being eligible to upgrade their device. As a result of this change, there will be no guarantee liability associated with Verizon Edge agreements entered into on or after June 1, 2015. The gross guarantee liability related to this program, which was approximately $0.5 billion at June 30, 2015, and $0.7 billion at December 31, 2014, respectively, was primarily included in Other current liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

At the time of sale, we impute risk adjusted interest on the receivables associated with Verizon Edge. We record the imputed interest as a reduction to the related accounts receivable. Interest income, which is included within Other income and (expense), net on our condensed consolidated statements of income, is recognized over the financed installment term.

 

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We assess the collectability of our Verizon Edge receivables based upon a variety of factors, including the credit quality of the customer base, payment trends and other qualitative factors. The current portion of our receivables related to Verizon Edge included in Accounts receivable was $2.0 billion at June 30, 2015 and was $2.3 billion at December 31, 2014. The long-term portion of the equipment installment plan receivables included in Other assets was $1.0 billion at June 30, 2015 and was $1.2 billion at December 31, 2014.

The credit profiles of our customers with a Verizon Edge plan are similar to those of our customers with a traditional subsidized plan. Customers with a credit profile which carries a higher risk are required to make a down payment for equipment financed through Verizon Edge.

We record equipment installment bad debt expense based on an estimate of the percentage of equipment revenue that will not be collected. This estimate is based on a number of factors including historical write-off experience, credit quality of the customer base and other factors such as macro-economic conditions. We monitor the aging of our equipment installment plan receivables and write off account balances if collection efforts are unsuccessful and future collection is unlikely based on customer credit ratings and the length of time from the original billing date.

Sales of Wireless Equipment Installment Receivables

On March 27, 2015, we established a program to sell from time to time, on an uncommitted basis, selected wireless equipment installment receivables under the Verizon Edge program to a group of relationship banks (Purchasers). Under the program, we transfer the receivables to wholly-owned subsidiaries that are bankruptcy remote special purpose entities (Sellers). The Sellers then sell the receivables to the Purchasers for cash and additional consideration upon settlement of the receivables (the deferred purchase price). The receivables sold under the program are no longer considered assets of Verizon. We will continue to bill and collect on the receivables in exchange for a monthly servicing fee, which is not material.

Under this arrangement, each Seller’s sole business consists of the acquisition of the receivables from Verizon and the resale of the receivables to the Purchasers. The assets of the Sellers are not available to be used to satisfy obligations of any Verizon entities other than the Sellers.

During the three months ended March 31, 2015, we sold $2.0 billion of receivables, net of allowances, imputed interest and the device trade-in right, and received cash proceeds of $1.3 billion. Additionally, we recorded a deferred purchase price of $0.7 billion, which was initially recorded at fair value, based on the remaining installment amounts expected to be collected, adjusted by the timing and estimated value of the device trade-in.

During the three months ended June 30, 2015, we sold $1.7 billion of receivables, net of allowances, imputed interest and the device trade-in right, and received cash proceeds of $1.2 billion. Additionally, we recorded a deferred purchase price of $0.6 billion, which was initially recorded at fair value, based on the remaining installment amounts expected to be collected, adjusted by the timing and estimated value of the device trade-in.

The estimated value of the device trade-in considers prices expected to be offered to us by independent third parties. This estimate contemplates changes in value after the launch of a device. The fair value measurements are considered to be Level 3 measurements within the fair value hierarchy. At June 30, 2015, our deferred purchase price receivable was $1.3 billion, which is included within Other assets on our condensed consolidated balance sheet. Generally, our maximum exposure to loss as a result of selling these equipment installment receivables is limited to the amount of our deferred purchase price.

Net expenses resulting from the sales of receivables are recognized in selling, general and administrative expense. Net expenses include any resulting gains or losses from the sales of receivables as well as unrealized gains and losses related to the deferred purchase price. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we recorded a gain of $0.1 billion, respectively, which is reflected within Selling, general and administrative expense on our condensed consolidated statements of income.

The cash proceeds received from the Purchasers are recorded within Cash Flows provided by Operating Activities on our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows as the cash received from the Purchasers upon the sale of the receivables and the collection of the deferred purchase price is not subject to significant interest rate risk.

Continuing Involvement

Verizon has continuing involvement with the sold receivables as it services the receivables. We will continue to service the customer and their related receivables, including facilitating customer payment collection, in exchange for a monthly servicing fee. While servicing the receivables, the same policies and procedures are applied to the sold receivables that apply to owned receivables, and we continue to maintain normal relationships with our customers.

 

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In addition, we have continuing involvement related to the sold receivables as we may be responsible for absorbing additional credit losses pursuant to the agreement. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss related to the involvement with the Sellers was $1.3 billion as of June 30, 2015. The maximum exposure to loss represents an estimated loss that would be incurred under severe, hypothetical circumstances whereby the Company would not receive the portion of the proceeds withheld by the Sellers. As we believe the probability of these circumstances occurring is remote, the maximum exposure to loss is not an indication of the Company’s expected loss.

 

6.

Fair Value Measurements

 

The following table presents the balances of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2015:

 

(dollars in millions)    Level 1(1)      Level 2(2)      Level 3(3)      Total  

Assets:

           

Short-term investments:

           

Equity securities

   $ 275       $       $       $ 275   

Fixed income securities

             34                 34   

Other current assets:

           

Fixed income securities

     250                         250   

Other assets:

           

Cross currency swaps

             5                 5   

Fixed income securities

             944                 944   

Interest rate swaps

             71                 71   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 525       $   1,054       $   –       $   1,579   
  

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Other current liabilities:

           

Cross currency swaps and other

   $       $ 113       $       $ 113   

Other liabilities:

           

Forward interest rate swaps

             178                 178   

Cross currency swaps

             1,176                 1,176   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $       $ 1,467       $       $ 1,467   
  

 

 

 

 

(1) 

quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

(2) 

observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities

(3) no observable pricing inputs in the market

Equity securities consist of investments in common stock of domestic and international corporations measured using quoted prices in active markets.

Fixed income securities consist primarily of investments in municipal bonds as well as U.S. Treasury securities. We use quoted prices in active markets for our U.S. Treasury securities, therefore these securities are classified as Level 1. For all other fixed income securities that do not have quoted prices in active markets, we use alternative matrix pricing resulting in these debt securities being classified as Level 2.

Derivative contracts are valued using models based on readily observable market parameters for all substantial terms of our derivative contracts and thus are classified within Level 2. We use mid-market pricing for fair value measurements of our derivative instruments. Our derivative instruments are recorded on a gross basis.

We recognize transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy as of the end of the reporting period. There were no transfers within the fair value hierarchy during the six months ended June 30, 2015.

 

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Fair Value of Short-term and Long-term Debt

The fair value of our debt is determined using various methods, including quoted prices for identical terms and maturities, which is a Level 1 measurement, as well as quoted prices for similar terms and maturities in inactive markets and future cash flows discounted at current rates, which are Level 2 measurements. The fair value of our short-term and long-term debt, excluding capital leases, was as follows:

 

     At June 30, 2015      At December 31, 2014  
(dollars in millions)    Carrying
Amount
     Fair Value      Carrying
Amount
     Fair Value  

Short- and long-term debt, excluding capital leases

   $   112,753       $   121,652       $   112,755       $   126,549   

Derivative Instruments

We enter into derivative transactions to manage our exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, and equity and commodity prices. We employ risk management strategies, which may include the use of a variety of derivatives including cross currency swaps, foreign currency and prepaid forwards and collars, interest rate swap agreements, commodity swap and forward agreements and interest rate locks. We do not hold derivatives for trading purposes. We posted collateral of approximately $0.2 billion and $0.6 billion related to derivative contracts under collateral exchange arrangements at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, which was recorded as Prepaid expenses and other on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we paid an immaterial amount of cash to enter into amendments to certain collateral exchange arrangements. These amendments suspend cash collateral posting for a specified period of time by both counterparties.

We measure all derivatives, including derivatives embedded in other financial instruments, at fair value and recognize them as either assets or liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Changes in the fair values of derivative instruments not qualifying as hedges or any ineffective portion of hedges are recognized in earnings in the current period. Changes in the fair values of derivative instruments used effectively as fair value hedges are recognized in earnings, along with changes in the fair value of the hedged item. Changes in the fair value of the effective portions of cash flow hedges are reported in Other comprehensive loss and recognized in earnings when the hedged item is recognized in earnings.

Interest Rate Swaps

We enter into domestic interest rate swaps to achieve a targeted mix of fixed and variable rate debt. We principally receive fixed rates and pay variable rates based on the London Interbank Offered Rate, resulting in a net increase or decrease to Interest expense. These swaps are designated as fair value hedges and hedge against changes in the fair value of our debt portfolio. We record the interest rate swaps at fair value on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as assets and liabilities. The fair value of these contracts was not material at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the total notional amount of the interest rate swaps was $1.8 billion. The ineffective portion of these interest rate swaps was not material for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015.

Forward Interest Rate Swaps

In order to manage our exposure to future interest rate changes, we have entered into forward interest rate swaps. At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, these swaps had a notional value of $2.0 billion. We designated these contracts as cash flow hedges. The fair value of these contracts was $0.2 billion at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, which was included within Other liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Cross Currency Swaps

We enter into cross currency swaps to exchange British Pound Sterling and Euro-denominated debt into U.S. dollars and to fix our future interest and principal payments in U.S. dollars, as well as to mitigate the effect of foreign currency transaction gains or losses. These swaps are designated as cash flow hedges. A portion of the gains and losses recognized in Other comprehensive loss was reclassified to Other income and (expense), net to offset the related pre-tax foreign currency transaction gain or loss on the underlying debt obligations. The fair value of the outstanding swaps was $1.3 billion at June 30, 2015 and $0.6 billion at December 31, 2014, which were primarily included within Other liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the total notional amount of the cross currency swaps was $10.3 billion. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, a pre-tax gain of $0.2 billion and a pre-tax loss of $0.7 billion, respectively, were recognized in Other comprehensive loss. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, an immaterial pre-tax loss and an immaterial pre-tax gain, respectively, were recognized in Other comprehensive loss.

 

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7.

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Verizon Communications Long-Term Incentive Plan

The Verizon Communications Inc. Long-Term Incentive Plan (the Plan) permits the granting of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares, performance stock units and other awards. The maximum number of shares available for awards from the Plan is 119.6 million shares.

Restricted Stock Units

The Plan provides for grants of Restricted Stock Units (RSUs) that generally vest at the end of the third year after the grant. The RSUs are classified as equity awards because the RSUs will be paid in Verizon common stock upon vesting. The RSU equity awards are measured using the grant date fair value of Verizon common stock and are not remeasured at the end of each reporting period. Dividend equivalent units are also paid to participants at the time the RSU award is paid, and in the same proportion as the RSU award.

Performance Stock Units

The Plan also provides for grants of Performance Stock Units (PSUs) that generally vest at the end of the third year after the grant. As defined by the Plan, the Human Resources Committee of the Board of Directors determines the number of PSUs a participant earns based on the extent to which the corresponding performance goals have been achieved over the three-year performance cycle. The PSUs are classified as liability awards because the PSU awards are paid in cash upon vesting. The PSU award liability is measured at its fair value at the end of each reporting period and, therefore, will fluctuate based on the price of Verizon common stock as well as performance relative to the targets. Dividend equivalent units are also paid to participants at the time that the PSU award is determined and paid, and in the same proportion as the PSU award.

The following table summarizes the Restricted Stock Unit and Performance Stock Unit activity:

 

(shares in thousands)    Restricted
Stock Units
    Performance
Stock Units
 

Outstanding, January 1, 2015

     15,007        19,966   

Granted

     4,417        6,458   

Payments

     (5,860     (6,732

Cancelled/Forfeited

     (81     (214
  

 

 

 

Outstanding, June 30, 2015

     13,483        19,478   
  

 

 

 

As of June 30, 2015, unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested portion of outstanding RSUs and PSUs was approximately $0.6 billion and is expected to be recognized over approximately two years.

The RSUs granted in 2015 have a weighted-average grant date fair value of $48.30 per unit.

 

8.

Employee Benefits

 

We maintain non-contributory defined benefit pension plans for many of our employees. In addition, we maintain postretirement health care and life insurance plans for our retirees and their dependents, which are both contributory and non-contributory, and include a limit on our share of the cost for certain recent and future retirees. In accordance with our accounting policy for pension and other postretirement benefits, operating expenses include pension and benefit related credits and/or charges based on actuarial assumptions, including projected discount rates and an estimated return on plan assets. These estimates are updated in the fourth quarter or upon a remeasurement event to reflect actual return on plan assets and updated actuarial assumptions. The adjustment will be recognized in the income statement during the fourth quarter or upon a remeasurement event pursuant to our accounting policy for the recognition of actuarial gains and losses.

 

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Net Periodic Cost

The following table summarizes the benefit (income) cost related to our pension and postretirement health care and life insurance plans:

 

(dollars in millions)    Pension     Health Care and Life  
Three Months Ended June 30,          2015           2014           2015           2014  

Service cost

   $ 93      $ 82      $ 81      $ 64   

Amortization of prior service credit

     (3     (2     (71     (64

Expected return on plan assets

       (318       (295     (26     (40

Interest cost

     242        259        279        277   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 14      $ 44      $   263      $   237   
  

 

 

 

 

(dollars in millions)    Pension     Health Care and Life  
Six Months Ended June 30,          2015           2014           2015           2014  

Service cost

   $ 187      $ 163      $ 162      $ 129   

Amortization of prior service credit

     (2     (4       (143       (127

Expected return on plan assets

       (635       (590     (51     (81

Interest cost

     485        518        558        554   
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 35      $ 87      $ 526      $ 475   
  

 

 

 

Severance Payments

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we paid severance benefits of $0.1 billion and $0.4 billion, respectively. At June 30, 2015, we had a remaining severance liability of $0.5 billion, a portion of which includes future contractual payments to employees separated as of June 30, 2015.

Employer Contributions

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we contributed $0.3 billion and $0.6 billion, respectively, to our other postretirement benefit plans and $0.1 billion and $0.3 billion, respectively, to our qualified pension plans. The contributions to our nonqualified pension plans were not material during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015. There have been no material changes with respect to the qualified and nonqualified pension contributions in 2015 as previously disclosed in Part II. Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

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9.

Equity and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

Equity

Changes in the components of Total equity were as follows:

 

(dollars in millions)   

Attributable

to Verizon

   

Noncontrolling

Interests

   

Total

Equity

 

Balance at January 1, 2015

   $ 12,298      $ 1,378      $ 13,676   

Net income

     8,450        241        8,691   

Other comprehensive loss

     (290            (290
  

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

     8,160        241        8,401   
  

 

 

 

Contributed capital

     12               12   

Dividends declared

     (4,479            (4,479

Common stock in treasury

     (4,478            (4,478

Distributions and other

     (98     (160     (258
  

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

   $   11,415      $   1,459      $   12,874   
  

 

 

 

Common Stock

During the six months ended June 30, 2015, Verizon repurchased approximately 1.5 million shares of the Company’s common stock under our authorized share buyback program for approximately $0.1 billion. At June 30, 2015, the maximum number of shares that could be purchased by or on behalf of Verizon under our share buyback program was 98.5 million.

In February 2015, the Verizon Board of Directors authorized Verizon to enter into an accelerated share repurchase (ASR) agreement to repurchase $5.0 billion of the Company’s common stock. On February 10, 2015, in exchange for an upfront payment totaling $5.0 billion, Verizon received an initial delivery of 86.2 million shares having a value of approximately $4.25 billion. On June 5, 2015, Verizon received an additional 15.4 million shares as final settlement of the transaction under the ASR agreement. In total, 101.6 million shares were delivered under the ASR at an average repurchase price of $49.21.

Common stock has been used from time to time to satisfy some of the funding requirements of employee and shareowner plans, including 13.8 million common shares issued from Treasury stock during the six months ended June 30, 2015, which had an aggregate value of $0.5 billion.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

The changes in the balances of Accumulated other comprehensive income by component are as follows:

 

(dollars in millions)    Foreign currency
translation
adjustments
   

Unrealized

loss on cash

flow hedges

   

Unrealized

loss on
marketable
securities

   

Defined benefit

pension and
postretirement
plans

    Total  

Balance at January 1, 2015

   $ (346   $ (84   $ 112      $ 1,429      $   1,111   

Other comprehensive loss

     (87     (138                   (225

Amounts reclassified to net income

            32        (9     (88     (65
  

 

 

 

Net other comprehensive loss

     (87     (106     (9     (88     (290
  

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

   $   (433   $   (190   $   103      $   1,341      $ 821   
  

 

 

 

The amounts presented above in net other comprehensive loss are net of taxes and noncontrolling interests, which are not significant. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, the amounts reclassified to net income related to defined benefit pension and postretirement plans were included in Cost of services and Selling, general and administrative expense on our condensed consolidated statement of income. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, all other amounts reclassified to net income were included in Other income and (expense), net on our condensed consolidated statement of income.

 

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10.

Segment Information

 

Reportable Segments

We have two reportable segments, which we operate and manage as strategic business units and organize by products and services. We measure and evaluate our reportable segments based on segment operating income, consistent with the chief operating decision maker’s assessment of segment performance.

Corporate, eliminations and other includes the preliminary valuation of the assets acquired and goodwill related to the Merger Agreement with AOL, unallocated corporate expenses, intersegment eliminations recorded in consolidation, the results of other businesses, such as our investments in unconsolidated businesses, pension and other employee benefit related costs, lease financing, as well as the historical results of divested operations and other adjustments and gains and losses that are not allocated in assessing segment performance due to their non-operational nature. Although such transactions are excluded from the business segment results, they are included in reported consolidated earnings. Gains and losses that are not individually significant are included in all segment results as these items are included in the chief operating decision maker’s assessment of segment performance. We completed our acquisition of AOL on June 23, 2015. The results of operations of AOL from the date of closing until June 30, 2015 were not material to our condensed consolidated statements of income.

On July 1, 2014, our Wireline segment sold a non-strategic business. Accordingly, the historical Wireline results for these operations have been reclassified to Corporate, eliminations and other to reflect comparable segment operating results.

The reconciliation of segment operating revenues and expenses to consolidated operating revenues and expenses below also includes those items of a non-operational nature. We exclude from segment results the effects of certain items that management does not consider in assessing segment performance, primarily because of their non-operational nature.

We have adjusted prior period consolidated and segment information, where applicable, to conform to current period presentation.

Our segments and their principal activities consist of the following:

 

Segment      Description
Wireless     

Wireless’ communications products and services include wireless voice and data services and equipment sales, which are provided to consumer, business and government customers across the United States.

Wireline     

Wireline’s voice, data and video communications products and enhanced services include broadband video and data, corporate networking solutions, data center and cloud services, security and managed network services and local and long distance voice services. We provide these products and services to consumers in the United States, as well as to carriers, businesses and government customers both in the United States and around the world.

 

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The following table provides operating financial information for our two reportable segments:

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014     2015     2014  

External Operating Revenues

        

Wireless

        

Service

   $ 17,670      $ 18,060      $ 35,566      $ 36,028   

Equipment

     3,861        2,387        7,234        4,256   

Other

     1,055        1,006        2,088        2,020   
  

 

 

 

Total Wireless

     22,586        21,453        44,888        42,304   

Wireline

        

Consumer retail

     4,037        3,864        8,029        7,704   

Small business

     593        621        1,193        1,245   
  

 

 

 

Mass Markets

     4,630        4,485        9,222        8,949   

Strategic services

     2,030        2,077        4,078        4,139   

Core

     1,194        1,365        2,409        2,769   
  

 

 

 

Global Enterprise

     3,224        3,442        6,487        6,908   

Global Wholesale

     1,230        1,320        2,496        2,656   

Other

     69        137        156        277   
  

 

 

 

Total Wireline

     9,153        9,384        18,361        18,790   
  

 

 

 

Total segments

     31,739        30,837        63,249        61,094   

Corporate, eliminations and other

     485        646        959        1,207   
  

 

 

 

Total consolidated – reported

   $   32,224      $   31,483      $   64,208      $   62,301   
  

 

 

 

Intersegment Revenues

        

Wireless

   $ 27      $ 30      $ 53      $ 58   

Wireline

     270        247        531        503   
  

 

 

 

Total segments

     297        277        584        561   

Corporate, eliminations and other

     (297     (277     (584     (561
  

 

 

 

Total consolidated – reported

   $      $      $      $   
  

 

 

 

Total Operating Revenues

        

Wireless

   $ 22,613      $ 21,483      $ 44,941      $ 42,362   

Wireline

     9,423        9,631        18,892        19,293   
  

 

 

 

Total segments

     32,036        31,114        63,833        61,655   

Reconciling items

     188        369        375        646   
  

 

 

 

Total consolidated – reported

   $ 32,224      $ 31,483      $ 64,208      $ 62,301   
  

 

 

 

Operating Income

        

Wireless

   $ 7,696      $ 6,985      $ 15,506      $ 14,303   

Wireline

     504        253        909        394   
  

 

 

 

Total segments

     8,200        7,238        16,415        14,697   

Reconciling items

     (379     447        (634     148   
  

 

 

 

Total consolidated – reported

   $ 7,821      $ 7,685      $ 15,781      $ 14,845   
  

 

 

 

 

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(dollars in millions)    At June 30,
2015
    At December 31,
2014
 

Assets

    

Wireless

   $   176,549      $   160,385   

Wireline

     77,569        76,673   
  

 

 

 

Total segments

     254,118        237,058   

Corporate, eliminations and other

     (13,365     (4,350
  

 

 

 

Total consolidated – reported

   $ 240,753      $ 232,708   
  

 

 

 

A reconciliation of the segment operating revenues to consolidated operating revenues is as follows:

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Total segment operating revenues

   $ 32,036       $ 31,114       $ 63,833       $ 61,655   

Impact of divested operations

             128                 256   

Corporate, eliminations and other

     188         241         375         390   
  

 

 

 

Total consolidated operating revenues

   $   32,224       $   31,483       $   64,208       $   62,301   
  

 

 

 

A reconciliation of the total of the reportable segments’ operating income to consolidated income before provision for income taxes is as follows:

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014     2015     2014  

Total segment operating income

   $ 8,200      $ 7,238      $ 16,415      $ 14,697   

Gain on spectrum license transactions

            707               707   

Impact of divested operations

            6               12   

Corporate, eliminations and other

     (379     (266     (634     (571
  

 

 

 

Total consolidated operating income

     7,821        7,685        15,781        14,845   

Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated businesses

     (18     (43     (52     1,859   

Other income and (expense), net

     32        66        107        (828

Interest expense

       (1,208       (1,164     (2,540     (2,378
  

 

 

 

Income Before Provision For Income Taxes

   $ 6,627      $ 6,544      $   13,296      $   13,498   
  

 

 

 

We generally account for intersegment sales of products and services and asset transfers at current market prices. No single customer accounted for more than 10% of our total operating revenues during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014.

 

11.

Commitments and Contingencies

 

In the ordinary course of business Verizon is involved in various commercial litigation and regulatory proceedings at the state and federal level. Where it is determined, in consultation with counsel based on litigation and settlement risks, that a loss is probable and estimable in a given matter, the Company establishes an accrual. In none of the currently pending matters is the amount of accrual material. An estimate of the reasonably possible loss or range of loss in excess of the amounts already accrued cannot be made at this time due to various factors typical in contested proceedings, including (1) uncertain damage theories and demands; (2) a less than complete factual record; (3) uncertainty concerning legal theories and their resolution by courts or regulators; and (4) the unpredictable nature of the opposing party and its demands. We continuously monitor these proceedings as they develop and adjust any accrual or disclosure as needed. We do not expect that the ultimate resolution of any pending regulatory or legal matter in future periods, including the Hicksville matter described below, will have a material effect on our financial condition, but it could have a material effect on our results of operations for a given reporting period.

 

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Reserves have been established to cover environmental matters relating to discontinued businesses and past telecommunications activities. These reserves include funds to address contamination at the site of a former Sylvania facility in Hicksville, NY, which had processed nuclear fuel rods in the 1950s and 1960s. In September 2005, the Army Corps of Engineers (ACE) accepted the site into its Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. As a result, the ACE has taken primary responsibility for addressing the contamination at the site. An adjustment to the reserves may be made after a cost allocation is conducted with respect to the past and future expenses of all of the parties. Adjustments to the environmental reserve may also be made based upon the actual conditions found at other sites requiring remediation.

Verizon is currently involved in approximately 70 federal district court actions alleging that Verizon is infringing various patents. Most of these cases are brought by non-practicing entities and effectively seek only monetary damages; a small number are brought by companies that have sold products and seek injunctive relief as well. These cases have progressed to various stages and a small number may go to trial in the coming 12 months if they are not otherwise resolved.

In connection with the execution of agreements for the sales of businesses and investments, Verizon ordinarily provides representations and warranties to the purchasers pertaining to a variety of nonfinancial matters, such as ownership of the securities being sold, as well as indemnity from certain financial losses. From time to time, counterparties may make claims under these provisions, and Verizon will seek to defend against those claims and resolve them in the ordinary course of business.

Subsequent to the sale of Verizon Information Services Canada in 2004, we continue to provide a guarantee to publish directories, which was issued when the directory business was purchased in 2001 and had a 30-year term (before extensions). The preexisting guarantee continues, without modification, despite the subsequent sale of Verizon Information Services Canada and the spin-off of our domestic print and Internet yellow pages directories business. The possible financial impact of the guarantee, which is not expected to be adverse, cannot be reasonably estimated as a variety of the potential outcomes available under the guarantee result in costs and revenues or benefits that may offset each other. We do not believe performance under the guarantee is likely.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Overview

Verizon Communications Inc. (Verizon or the Company) is a holding company that, acting through its subsidiaries, is one of the world’s leading providers of communications, information and entertainment products and services to consumers, businesses and governmental agencies. With a presence around the world, we offer voice, data and video services and solutions on our wireless and wireline networks that are designed to meet customers’ demand for mobility, reliable network connectivity, security and control. We have two reportable segments, Wireless and Wireline. Our wireless business, operating as Verizon Wireless, provides voice and data services and equipment sales across the United States using one of the most extensive and reliable wireless networks. Our wireline business provides consumer, business and government customers with communications products and enhanced services, including broadband data and video, corporate networking solutions, data center and cloud services, security and managed network services and local and long distance voice services, and also owns and operates one of the most expansive end-to-end global Internet Protocol (IP) networks. We have a highly skilled, diverse and dedicated workforce of approximately 178,500 employees as of June 30, 2015.

As advances in technology have changed the ways that our customers interact in their personal and professional lives and that businesses operate, we have continued to focus our efforts around higher margin and growing areas of our business: wireless and wireline data and Strategic services. Our strategy requires significant capital investments primarily to acquire wireless spectrum, put the spectrum into service, provide additional capacity for growth in our wireless and wireline networks, invest in the fiber optic network that supports our wireless and wireline businesses, maintain our wireless and wireline networks and develop and maintain significant advanced information technology systems and data system capabilities. We believe that steady and consistent investments in networks and platforms will drive innovative products and services and fuel our growth. Our wireless and wireline networks will continue to be the hallmark of our brand, and provide the fundamental strength upon which we build our competitive advantage.

Strategic Transactions

Spectrum Auction

On January 29, 2015, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) completed an auction of 65 MHz of spectrum, which it identified as the Advanced Wireless Services (AWS)-3 band. Verizon participated in that auction and was the high bidder on 181 spectrum licenses, for which we paid cash of approximately $10.4 billion. During the fourth quarter of 2014, we made a deposit of $0.9 billion related to our participation in this auction. During the first quarter of 2015, we submitted an application to the FCC and paid $9.5 billion to the FCC to complete payment for these licenses. On April 8, 2015, the FCC granted us these spectrum licenses.

Acquisition of AOL Inc.

On May 12, 2015, Verizon, and a wholly-owned acquisition subsidiary of Verizon (Purchaser), entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the Merger Agreement) with AOL Inc. (AOL) pursuant to which Purchaser commenced a tender offer to acquire all of the outstanding shares of common stock of AOL at a price of $50.00 per share, net to the seller in cash, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes (the Offer). On June 23, 2015, all conditions to the Offer having been satisfied, Purchaser accepted for payment all shares validly tendered and not withdrawn prior to the expiration date of the Offer and, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, Purchaser was merged with and into AOL, with AOL being the surviving corporation, and AOL became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verizon. All AOL shares that were not validly tendered (other than shares that were canceled or converted into shares of the surviving corporation in accordance with the Merger Agreement, and those shares held by stockholders that exercised appraisal rights) were canceled and converted into the right to receive $50.00 per share in cash, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes – the same price paid for the tendered shares. The aggregate cash consideration paid by Verizon at the closing of these transactions was approximately $3.8 billion. Holders of approximately 6.6 million shares exercised their appraisal rights under Delaware law. If they had not exercised these rights, Verizon would have paid an additional $330 million for such shares at the closing.

AOL is a leader in the digital content and advertising platform space. Verizon has been investing in emerging technology that taps into the market shift to digital content and advertising. AOL’s advertising model aligns with this approach, and we believe that the advertising platform enhances our ability to further develop future revenue streams. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

 

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Access Line Sale

On February 5, 2015, we announced that we have entered into a definitive agreement with Frontier Communications Corporation (Frontier) pursuant to which Verizon will sell its local exchange business and related landline activities in California, Florida and Texas, including FiOS Internet and Video customers, switched and special access lines and high-speed Internet service and long distance voice accounts in these three states for approximately $10.5 billion, subject to certain adjustments and including the assumption of $0.6 billion of indebtedness from Verizon by Frontier. The transaction, which includes the acquisition by Frontier of the equity interests of Verizon’s incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs) in California, Florida and Texas, does not involve any assets or liabilities of Verizon Wireless. The assets and liabilities that will be sold are currently included in Verizon’s continuing operations and classified as assets held for sale and liabilities related to assets held for sale on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2015. The transaction is subject to the satisfaction of certain closing conditions including, among others, receipt of state and federal telecommunications regulatory approvals, and we expect this transaction to close during the first half of 2016.

Based on the number of connections as of December 31, 2014, the transaction will result in Frontier acquiring approximately 3.7 million voice connections, 1.5 million FiOS Internet subscribers, 1.2 million FiOS Video subscribers and the related ILEC businesses from Verizon. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Tower Monetization Transaction

During March 2015, we completed a transaction with American Tower Corporation (American Tower) pursuant to which American Tower acquired the exclusive rights to lease and operate approximately 11,300 of our wireless towers for an upfront payment of $5.0 billion. Under the terms of the leases, American Tower has exclusive rights to lease and operate the towers over an average term of approximately 28 years. As part of this transaction, we sold 162 towers for $0.1 billion. We will sublease capacity on the towers from American Tower for a minimum of 10 years at current market rates, with options to renew. As the leases expire, American Tower has fixed-price purchase options to acquire these towers based on their anticipated fair market values at the end of the lease terms. We have accounted for the upfront payment as deferred rent and as a financing obligation.

Business Overview

Wireless

In our Wireless business, during the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, revenues grew 5.3%, driven by a 61.8% increase in equipment revenue primarily due to an increase in equipment sales under Verizon Edge, partially offset by a decline in equipment sales under the traditional subsidy model. The increased adoption of Verizon Edge as compared to subsidized plans results in a relative shift of revenue from service revenue to equipment revenue, which causes a change in the timing of the recognition of revenue. This shift in revenue is the result of recognizing a higher amount of equipment revenue at the time of sale when the devices are sold on an equipment installment plan. At June 30, 2015, retail postpaid connections were 5.2% higher than at June 30, 2014, with smartphones representing 81% of our retail postpaid phone base at June 30, 2015 compared to 75% at June 30, 2014. As of June 30, 2015 and 2014, More Everything accounts represented approximately 69% and 54%, respectively, of our retail postpaid accounts. Approximately 87% of our total data traffic in June 2015 was carried on our 4G LTE network.

Wireline

In our Wireline business, revenues declined 2.2% during the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, primarily due to revenue declines in Global Enterprise resulting from lower data networking and voice service revenues, as well as the negative impact of foreign exchange rates. To compensate for the shrinking market for traditional voice service, we continue to build our Wireline segment around data, video and advanced business services – areas where demand for reliable high-speed connections is growing. The decrease in revenues in our Wireline segment was partially offset by revenue increases in Consumer retail driven by FiOS. During the three months ended June 30, 2015, FiOS represented approximately 79% of Consumer retail revenue compared to approximately 75% during the similar period in 2014.

 

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Trends

We are investing in innovative technology, like wireless networks and high-speed fiber, to position ourselves at the center of growth trends of the future. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, these investments included acquisitions of wireless licenses of $9.7 billion and capital expenditures of $8.2 billion. In addition, we acquired AOL to enhance our digital media and advertising capabilities. See “Cash Flows Used in Investing Activities” and “Acquisitions and Divestitures” for additional information.

The increased adoption of Verizon Edge, a program that provides eligible wireless customers with the ability to pay for their device over a period of time (an equipment installment plan) and the right to upgrade their device, as compared to subsidized plans results in a relative shift of revenue from service revenue to equipment revenue, which causes a change in the timing of the recognition of revenue. This shift in revenue is the result of recognizing a higher amount of equipment revenue at the time of sale when the devices are sold on an equipment installment plan. We expect this trend to continue.

Except to the extent described above, there have been no significant changes to the information related to trends affecting our business that was disclosed in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

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Consolidated Results of Operations

In this section, we discuss our overall results of operations and highlight items of a non-operational nature that are not included in our segment results. We have two reportable segments, Wireless and Wireline, which we operate and manage as strategic business units and organize by products and services. In “Segment Results of Operations,” we review the performance of our two reportable segments.

On February 21, 2014, we completed the acquisition of Vodafone Group Plc’s (Vodafone) indirect 45% interest in Verizon Wireless (Wireless Transaction). As a result, for 2014 our results reflect our 55% ownership of Verizon Wireless through the closing of the Wireless Transaction and reflect our full ownership of Verizon Wireless from the closing of the Wireless Transaction through June 30, 2014.

Corporate, eliminations and other includes unallocated corporate expenses such as certain pension and other employee benefit related costs, intersegment eliminations recorded in consolidation, the results of other businesses, such as our investments in unconsolidated businesses, lease financing as well as the historical results of divested operations, other adjustments and gains and losses that are not allocated in assessing segment performance due to their non-operational nature. Although such transactions are excluded from the business segment results, they are included in reported consolidated earnings. Gains and losses that are not individually significant are included in all segment results as these items are included in the chief operating decision maker’s assessment of segment performance. We believe that this presentation assists users of our financial statements in better understanding our results of operations and trends from period to period.

On July 1, 2014, our Wireline segment sold a non-strategic business. Accordingly, the historical Wireline results for these operations, which were not material to our condensed consolidated financial statements or our segment results of operations, have been reclassified to Corporate, eliminations and other to reflect comparable segment operating results. The results of operations related to this divestiture included within Corporate, eliminations and other are as follows:

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Impact of Divested Operations

           

Operating revenues

   $   –       $   128       $   –       $   256   

Cost of services

             119                 239   

Selling, general and administrative expense

             3                 5   

 

Consolidated Revenues

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Increase/     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      (Decrease)     2015      2014      (Decrease)  

Wireless

                    

Service

   $ 17,689       $ 18,078       $ (389     (2.2 )%    $ 35,603       $ 36,065       $ (462     (1.3 )% 

Equipment

     3,861         2,387         1,474        61.8        7,234         4,257         2,977        69.9   

Other

     1,063         1,018         45        4.4        2,104         2,040         64        3.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total

     22,613         21,483         1,130        5.3        44,941         42,362         2,579        6.1   

Wireline

                    

Mass Markets

     4,630         4,485         145        3.2        9,222         8,949         273        3.1   

Global Enterprise

     3,225         3,444         (219     (6.4     6,488         6,915         (427     (6.2

Global Wholesale

     1,491         1,562         (71     (4.5     3,015         3,145         (130     (4.1

Other

     77         140         (63     (45.0     167         284         (117     (41.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total

     9,423         9,631         (208     (2.2     18,892         19,293         (401     (2.1

Corporate, eliminations and other

     188         369         (181     (49.1     375         646         (271     (42.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Consolidated Revenues

   $ 32,224       $ 31,483       $      741        2.4      $ 64,208       $ 62,301       $   1,907        3.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

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The increase in consolidated revenues during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, was primarily due to higher equipment revenues at Wireless, as well as higher Mass Markets revenues driven by FiOS services at our Wireline segment. Partially offsetting these increases were lower service revenues at our Wireless segment and lower Global Enterprise revenues at our Wireline segment.

Wireless’ revenues increased $1.1 billion, or 5.3%, and $2.6 billion, or 6.1%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, as a result of growth in equipment revenue. Equipment revenue increased by $1.5 billion, or 61.8%, and $3.0 billion, or 69.9%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to an increase in equipment sales under Verizon Edge, partially offset by a decline in equipment sales under the traditional subsidy model. The percentage of phone activations on Verizon Edge increased to approximately 49% and 44%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to approximately 18% and 15%, respectively, during the similar periods in 2014. Service revenue, which does not include recurring equipment installment billings related to Verizon Edge, decreased by $0.4 billion, or 2.2%, and $0.5 billion, or 1.3%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily driven by the impact of more customers adopting Verizon Edge. The increased adoption of Verizon Edge as compared to subsidized plans results in a relative shift of revenue from service revenue to equipment revenue, which causes a change in the timing of the recognition of revenue. This shift in revenue is the result of recognizing a higher amount of equipment revenue at the time of sale when the devices are sold on an equipment installment plan.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, retail postpaid connection net additions decreased, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to a decrease in retail postpaid connection gross additions, partially offset by lower retail postpaid connection churn rate. Retail postpaid connections per account increased as of June 30, 2015, compared to June 30, 2014, primarily due to the increased penetration of tablets.

Wireline’s revenues decreased $0.2 billion, or 2.2%, and $0.4 billion, or 2.1%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily as a result of declines in Global Enterprise, partially offset by higher Mass Markets revenues driven by FiOS services.

Mass Markets revenues increased $0.1 billion, or 3.2%, and $0.3 billion, or 3.1%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to the expansion of FiOS services (Voice, Internet and Video), including our FiOS Quantum offerings, as well as changes in our pricing strategies, partially offset by the continued decline of local exchange revenues.

Global Enterprise revenues decreased $0.2 billion, or 6.4%, and $0.4 billion, or 6.2%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to lower voice services and data networking revenues, the negative impact of foreign exchange rates and a decline in Core customer premise equipment revenues. Strategic services revenues also decreased primarily due to a decline in revenue from IP services.

Global Wholesale revenues decreased $0.1 billion, or 4.5%, and $0.1 billion, or 4.1%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to declines in data and traditional voice revenues. The declines in data and traditional voice revenues were primarily due to the effect of technology substitution. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, we also experienced a decline in domestic wholesale connections.

 

Consolidated Operating Expenses

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Increase/     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      (Decrease)     2015      2014      (Decrease)  

Cost of services `

   $ 6,994       $ 7,094       $ (100     (1.4 )%    $ 13,982       $ 14,184       $ (202     (1.4 )% 

Wireless cost of equipment

     5,455         4,993         462        9.3        10,563         9,092           1,471        16.2   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     7,974         7,550         424        5.6        15,913         15,882         31        0.2   

Depreciation and amortization expense

     3,980         4,161         (181     (4.3     7,969         8,298         (329     (4.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Consolidated Operating Expenses

   $   24,403       $   23,798       $    605        2.5      $   48,427       $   47,456       $ 971        2.0   
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

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Cost of Services

Cost of services decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to a decline in access costs of $0.1 billion and $0.2 billion, respectively, and a decrease in employee costs at our Wireline segment. In addition, the decreases in Cost of services during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, were due to the results of operations related to a non-strategic Wireline business that was divested on July 1, 2014. Partially offsetting these decreases were higher content costs at our Wireline segment, as well as an increase in rent expense, cost of network services, cost of cloud services and cost related to our device insurance package at our Wireless segment.

Wireless cost of equipment

Wireless cost of equipment increased $0.5 billion and $1.5 billion, respectively, at our Wireless segment during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily as a result of an increase in the cost per unit. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, the number of devices sold also increased.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative expense increased during the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, primarily due to gains recorded in the second quarter of 2014 related to the completion of wireless license transactions, as well as an increase in bad debt expense at our Wireless segment. The increase in bad debt expense was primarily driven by an increase in our installment receivables and does not represent a deterioration in the collectability of those receivables. Partially offsetting this increase was a decline in sales commission expense at our Wireless segment, which was driven by the increased adoption of Verizon Edge.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to $0.2 billion and $0.4 billion, respectively, of depreciation and amortization expense not being recorded on our depreciable Wireline assets in California, Florida and Texas which were classified as held for sale as of February 5, 2015.

We expect to continue to benefit from depreciation and amortization expense not being recorded on our depreciable Wireline assets in California, Florida and Texas, which were classified as held for sale as of February 5, 2015, through the closing of the transaction with Frontier, which is expected to occur during the first half of 2016.

Non-operational Credits

Non-operational credits included in operating expenses were as follows:

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Gain on spectrum license transactions

   $   –       $   707       $   –       $   707   

See “Other Items” for a description of non-operational items.

Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA

Consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization expenses (Consolidated EBITDA) and Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, which are presented below, are non-GAAP measures and do not purport to be alternatives to operating income as a measure of operating performance. Management believes that these measures are useful to investors and other users of our financial information in evaluating operating profitability on a more variable cost basis as they exclude the depreciation and amortization expense related primarily to capital expenditures and acquisitions that occurred in prior years, as well as in evaluating operating performance in relation to our competitors. Consolidated EBITDA is calculated by adding back interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated businesses and other income and (expense), net to net income.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is calculated by excluding the effect of non-operational items and the impact of divested operations from the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA. Management believes that this measure provides additional relevant and useful information to investors and other users of our financial data in evaluating the effectiveness of our operations and underlying business trends in a manner that is consistent with management’s evaluation of business performance. See “Other Items” for additional details regarding these non-operational items.

 

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Operating expenses include pension and benefit related credits and/or charges based on actuarial assumptions, including projected discount rates and an estimated return on plan assets. These estimates will be updated in the fourth quarter or upon a remeasurement event to reflect actual return on plan assets and updated actuarial assumptions. The adjustment will be recognized in the income statement during the fourth quarter or upon a remeasurement event pursuant to our accounting policy for the recognition of actuarial gains/losses. These remeasurements could result in significant charges or credits to one or more of our pension plans.

It is management’s intent to provide non-GAAP financial information to enhance the understanding of Verizon’s GAAP financial information, and it should be considered by the reader in addition to, but not instead of, the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Each non-GAAP financial measure is presented along with the corresponding GAAP measure so as not to imply that more emphasis should be placed on the non-GAAP measure. The non-GAAP financial information presented may be determined or calculated differently by other companies.

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014     2015      2014  

Consolidated Operating Income

   $ 7,821       $ 7,685      $ 15,781       $ 14,845   

Add Depreciation and amortization expense

     3,980         4,161        7,969         8,298   
  

 

 

 

Consolidated EBITDA

   $   11,801       $   11,846      $   23,750       $   23,143   
  

 

 

 

Less Gain on spectrum license transactions

             (707             (707

Less Impact of divested operations

             (6             (12
  

 

 

 

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA

   $ 11,801       $ 11,133      $ 23,750       $ 22,424   
  

 

 

 

The changes in the table above during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, were a result of the factors described in connection with operating revenues and operating expenses.

 

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Other Consolidated Results

Equity in Earnings (Losses) of Unconsolidated Businesses

Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated businesses decreased $1.9 billion during the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, primarily due to the gain of $1.9 billion recorded on the sale of our interest in Vodafone Omnitel N.V. (Vodafone Omnitel) during the first quarter of 2014 (Omnitel Transaction), which was part of the consideration for the Wireless Transaction completed on February 21, 2014.

Other Income and (Expense), Net

Additional information relating to Other income and (expense), net is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Increase/     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014     (Decrease)     2015     2014     (Decrease)  

Interest income

   $ 43      $ 22      $ 21        95.5   $ 86      $ 44      $ 42        95.5

Other, net

     (11     44        (55     nm        21        (872     893        nm   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total

   $            32      $            66      $ (34     (51.5   $ 107      $ (828   $ 935        nm   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

nm – not meaningful

                

 

Other income and (expense), net changed favorably during the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, primarily driven by net early debt redemption costs of $0.9 billion recorded during the first quarter of 2014 (see “Other Items”).

 

Interest Expense

 

   

  

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Increase/     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014     (Decrease)     2015     2014     (Decrease)  

Total interest costs on debt balances

   $ 1,378      $ 1,276      $    102        8.0   $ 2,761      $ 2,626      $   135        5.1

Less capitalized interest costs

     170        112        58        51.8        221        248        (27     (10.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total

   $ 1,208      $ 1,164      $ 44        3.8      $ 2,540      $ 2,378      $ 162        6.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Average debt outstanding

   $   113,219      $   109,855          $   114,495      $   106,044       

Effective interest rate

     4.9     4.6         4.8     5.0    

Total interest costs on debt balances increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014. The increase during the three months ended June 30, 2015 was primarily due to higher average debt balances and a higher effective interest rate. The increase during the six months ended June 30, 2015 was primarily due to higher average debt balances, partially offset by a lower effective interest rate (see “Consolidated Financial Condition”). Partially offsetting the increase in interest expense were higher capitalized interest costs during the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, primarily due to an increase in wireless licenses that are currently under development. The increase in wireless licenses that are currently under development resulted from our winning bid in the recently completed FCC spectrum license auction.

During the six months ended June 30, 2015, capitalized interest costs declined, compared to the similar period in 2014, primarily due to the timing of our acquisition of wireless licenses for which we were the winning bidder during the recently completed FCC spectrum licenses auction, which were granted to us by the FCC on April 8, 2015 (see Note 2 for additional information).

 

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Provision for Income Taxes

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Increase/     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014     (Decrease)     2015     2014     (Decrease)  

Provision for income taxes

   $   2,274      $   2,220      $   54         2.4   $   4,605      $   3,188      $   1,417         44.4

Effective income tax rate

     34.3     33.9          34.6     23.6     

The effective income tax rate is calculated by dividing the provision for income taxes by income before the provision for income taxes. The effective income tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2015 is comparable to the similar period in 2014. The increase in the provision for income taxes during the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, was primarily due to higher income before income taxes. The increase in the effective income tax rate and provision for income taxes during the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, was primarily due to additional income taxes on the incremental income in the current period from the Wireless Transaction completed on February 21, 2014, as well as the utilization of certain tax credits in connection with the Omnitel Transaction in 2014.

Unrecognized Tax Benefits

Unrecognized tax benefits were $1.5 billion at June 30, 2015 and $1.8 billion at December 31, 2014. Interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits were $0.1 billion (after-tax) and $0.2 billion (after-tax) at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. The decrease in unrecognized tax benefits was primarily due to an internal restructure that eliminated certain state unrecognized tax benefits.

Verizon and/or its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and various state, local and foreign jurisdictions. As a large taxpayer, we are under audit by the IRS and multiple state and foreign jurisdictions for various open tax years. It is reasonably possible that the amount of the liability for unrecognized tax benefits could change by a significant amount in the next twelve months. An estimate of the range of the possible change cannot be made until these tax matters are further developed or resolved.

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Increase/     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      (Decrease)     2015      2014      (Decrease)  

Net income attributable to
noncontrolling interests

   $   122       $   110       $   12         10.9   $   241       $   2,149       $   (1,908     (88.8 )% 

The decrease in Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests during the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, was primarily due to the completion of the Wireless Transaction on February 21, 2014. The noncontrolling interests that remained after the completion of the Wireless Transaction primarily relate to wireless partnership entities.

 

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Segment Results of Operations

We have two reportable segments, Wireless and Wireline, which we operate and manage as strategic business units and organize by products and services. We measure and evaluate our reportable segments based on segment operating income. The use of segment operating income is consistent with the chief operating decision maker’s assessment of segment performance.

Segment earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (Segment EBITDA), which is presented below, is a non-GAAP measure and does not purport to be an alternative to operating income as a measure of operating performance. Management believes that this measure is useful to investors and other users of our financial information in evaluating operating profitability on a more variable cost basis as it excludes the depreciation and amortization expenses related primarily to capital expenditures and acquisitions that occurred in prior years, as well as in evaluating operating performance in relation to our competitors. Segment EBITDA is calculated by adding back depreciation and amortization expense to segment operating income.

Wireless Segment EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing Wireless Segment EBITDA by total Wireless revenues. Wireless Segment EBITDA service margin, also presented below, is calculated by dividing Wireless Segment EBITDA by Wireless service revenues. Wireless Segment EBITDA service margin utilizes service revenues rather than total revenues. Service revenues primarily exclude equipment revenues in order to reflect the impact of providing service to the wireless customer base on an ongoing basis. Wireline Segment EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing Wireline Segment EBITDA by total Wireline revenues. You can find additional information about our segments in Note 10 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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Wireless

Our Wireless segment provides wireless communications services across one of the most extensive wireless networks in the United States and is doing business as Verizon Wireless. We provide these services and equipment sales to consumer, business and government customers in the United States on a postpaid and prepaid basis. Postpaid connections represent individual lines of service for which a customer is billed in advance a monthly access charge in return for a monthly network service allowance, and usage beyond the allowances is billed monthly in arrears. Our prepaid service enables individuals to obtain wireless services without a long-term contract or credit verification by paying for all services in advance.

All financial results included in the tables below reflect the consolidated results of Verizon Wireless.

Operating Revenues and Selected Operating Statistics

 

(dollars in millions,    Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Increase/     Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Increase/  
     except ARPA)    2015     2014     (Decrease)     2015     2014     (Decrease)  

Service

   $ 17,689      $ 18,078      $ (389     (2.2 )%    $ 35,603      $ 36,065      $ (462     (1.3 )% 

Equipment

     3,861        2,387        1,474        61.8        7,234        4,257        2,977        69.9   

Other

     1,063        1,018        45        4.4        2,104        2,040        64        3.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Operating Revenues

   $   22,613      $   21,483      $   1,130        5.3      $   44,941      $   42,362      $   2,579        6.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   
                

Connections (‘000):(1)

                

Retail connections

             109,548        104,637        4,911        4.7   

Retail postpaid connections

             103,731        98,593        5,138        5.2   
                

Net additions in period (‘000):(2)

                

Retail connections

     1,008        1,427        (419     (29.4     1,385        1,976        (591     (29.9

Retail postpaid connections

     1,134        1,441        (307     (21.3     1,699        1,980        (281     (14.2

Churn Rate:

                

Retail connections

     1.18     1.25         1.26     1.31    

Retail postpaid connections

     0.90     0.94         0.97     1.00    

Account Statistics:

                

Retail postpaid ARPA

   $ 153.73      $ 159.73      $ (6.00     (3.8   $ 154.93      $ 159.70      $ (4.77     (3.0

Retail postpaid accounts (‘000)(1)

             35,560        35,186        374        1.1   

Retail postpaid connections per
account
(1)

             2.92        2.80        0.12        4.3   

(1) As of end of period

(2) Excluding acquisitions and adjustments

Wireless’ total operating revenues increased by $1.1 billion, or 5.3%, and $2.6 billion, or 6.1%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily as a result of growth in equipment revenue.

Accounts and Connections

Retail (non-wholesale) postpaid accounts primarily represent retail customers under contract with Verizon Wireless that are directly served and managed by Verizon Wireless and use its branded services. Accounts include More Everything plans and corporate accounts, as well as legacy single connection plans and family plans. A single account may include monthly wireless services for a variety of connected devices. Retail connections represent our retail customer device connections. Churn is the rate at which service to connections is terminated.

 

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Retail connections under an account may include: smartphones, basic phones, tablets, LTE Internet (Installed) and other connected devices. Retail postpaid connection net additions decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to a decrease in retail postpaid connection gross additions, partially offset by lower retail postpaid connection churn rate. The decrease in retail postpaid connection gross additions during the three months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, was driven by a decline in gross additions of tablets, smartphones and other Internet devices. The decrease in retail postpaid connection gross additions during the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, was driven by a decline in gross additions of smartphones and other Internet devices, partially offset by an increase in gross additions of tablets. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, our retail postpaid connection net additions included approximately 852 thousand tablets and 1.64 million tablets, respectively, as compared to 1.15 million and 1.78 million tablets, respectively, in the similar periods in 2014.

Retail Postpaid Connections per Account

Retail postpaid connections per account is calculated by dividing the total number of retail postpaid connections by the number of retail postpaid accounts as of the end of the period. Retail postpaid connections per account increased 4.3% as of June 30, 2015, compared to June 30, 2014, primarily due to the increased penetration of tablets.

Service Revenue

Service revenue, which does not include recurring equipment installment billings related to Verizon Edge, decreased by $0.4 billion, or 2.2%, and $0.5 billion, or 1.3%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily driven by lower retail postpaid service revenue, which was negatively impacted as a result of more customers adopting Verizon Edge. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in retail postpaid connections as well as the continued increase in penetration of tablets through our More Everything plans.

The decrease in retail postpaid ARPA (the average revenue per account from retail postpaid accounts), which does not include recurring equipment installment billings related to Verizon Edge, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, was negatively impacted as more customers adopted Verizon Edge as compared to subsidized plans, which resulted in a relative shift of revenue from service revenue to equipment revenue which causes a change in the timing of the recognition of revenue. This shift in revenue is the result of recognizing a higher amount of equipment revenue at the time of sale when the devices are sold on an equipment installment plan. Partially offsetting the impact of the increased adoption of Verizon Edge was an increase in both our retail postpaid connections per account and smartphone penetration during the six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to the similar period in 2014. As of June 30, 2015, we experienced a 4.3% increase in retail postpaid connections per account compared to June 30, 2014, with smartphones representing 81% of our retail postpaid phone base as of June 30, 2015, compared to 75% as of June 30, 2014. The increase in retail postpaid connections per account is primarily due to increases in Internet data devices, which represented 15.4% of our retail postpaid connection base as of June 30, 2015, compared to 12.3% as of June 30, 2014, primarily due to tablet activations.

Equipment Revenue

Equipment revenue increased by $1.5 billion, or 61.8%, and $3.0 billion, or 69.9%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to an increase in equipment sales under Verizon Edge, partially offset by a decline in equipment sales under the traditional subsidy model. The percentage of phone activations on Verizon Edge increased to approximately 49% and 44%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 compared to approximately 18% and 15%, respectively, during the similar periods in 2014. The increased adoption of Verizon Edge as compared to subsidized plans results in a relative shift of revenue from service revenue to equipment revenue, which causes a change in the timing of the recognition of revenue. This shift in revenue is the result of recognizing a higher amount of equipment revenue at the time of sale when the devices are sold on an equipment installment plan.

 

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Operating Expenses

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

     Increase/    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

     Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      (Decrease)     2015      2014      (Decrease)  

Cost of services

   $ 1,948       $ 1,749       $ 199        11.4   $ 3,799       $ 3,506       $ 293        8.4

Cost of equipment

     5,455         4,993         462        9.3        10,563         9,092         1,471        16.2   

Selling, general and administrative expense

     5,289         5,649         (360     (6.4     10,658         11,293         (635     (5.6

Depreciation and amortization expense

     2,225         2,107         118        5.6        4,415         4,168         247        5.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total Operating Expenses

   $   14,917       $   14,498       $   419        2.9      $   29,435       $   28,059       $   1,376        4.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Cost of Services

Cost of services increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to an increase in rent expense and cost of network services as a result of increased cell sites and network densification to meet growing customer demand for 4G LTE data services. Also contributing to the increases in Cost of services during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, were increases in the cost of cloud services and the cost related to our device insurance package.

Cost of Equipment

Cost of equipment increased $0.5 billion and $1.5 billion, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily as a result of an increase in the cost per unit. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, the number of devices sold also increased.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative expense decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to a $0.5 billion and $0.9 billion decline in sales commission expense, respectively, which was driven by the increased adoption of Verizon Edge, partially offset by an increase in bad debt expense. The increase in bad debt expense was driven by an increase in our installment receivables and does not represent a deterioration in the collectability of those receivables.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation and amortization expense increased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily driven by an increase in net depreciable assets.

 

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Segment Operating Income and EBITDA

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    Increase/    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

    Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014     (Decrease)     2015     2014     (Decrease)  

Segment Operating Income

   $ 7,696      $ 6,985      $ 711         10.2   $ 15,506      $ 14,303      $ 1,203         8.4

Add Depreciation and
amortization expense

     2,225        2,107        118         5.6        4,415        4,168        247         5.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

    

Segment EBITDA

   $ 9,921      $ 9,092      $   829         9.1      $   19,921      $   18,471      $   1,450         7.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

    

Segment operating income margin

     34.0     32.5          34.5     33.8     

Segment EBITDA margin

     43.9     42.3          44.3     43.6     

Segment EBITDA service margin

     56.1     50.3          56.0     51.2     

The changes in the table above during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, were primarily a result of the factors described in connection with operating revenues and operating expenses.

Non-operational items excluded from our Wireless segment Operating income were as follows:

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      2015      2014  

Gain on spectrum license transactions

   $         –       $   707       $         –       $   707   

 

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Wireline

Our Wireline segment provides voice, data and video communications products and enhanced services including broadband video and data, corporate networking solutions, data center and cloud services, security and managed network services and local and long distance voice services. We provide these products and services to consumers in the United States, as well as to carriers, businesses and government customers both in the United States and around the world.

Operating Revenues and Selected Operating Statistics

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

     Increase/    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

     Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      (Decrease)     2015      2014      (Decrease)  

Consumer retail

   $ 4,037       $ 3,864       $ 173        4.5   $ 8,029       $ 7,704       $ 325        4.2

Small business

     593         621         (28     (4.5     1,193         1,245         (52     (4.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Mass Markets

     4,630         4,485         145        3.2        9,222         8,949         273        3.1   

Strategic services

     2,030         2,075         (45     (2.2     4,078         4,146         (68     (1.6

Core

     1,195         1,369         (174     (12.7     2,410         2,769         (359     (13.0
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Global Enterprise

     3,225         3,444         (219     (6.4     6,488         6,915         (427     (6.2

Global Wholesale

     1,491         1,562         (71     (4.5     3,015         3,145         (130     (4.1

Other

     77         140         (63     (45.0     167         284         (117     (41.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total Operating Revenues

   $   9,423       $   9,631       $   (208     (2.2   $   18,892       $   19,293       $   (401     (2.1
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Connections (‘000):(1)

                    

Total voice connections

               19,079         20,391         (1,312     (6.4

Total Broadband connections

               9,221         9,077         144        1.6   

FiOS Internet subscribers

               6,821         6,309         512        8.1   

FiOS Video subscribers

               5,765         5,419         346        6.4   

(1) As of end of period

Wireline’s revenues decreased $0.2 billion, or 2.2%, and $0.4 billion, or 2.1%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily as a result of declines in Global Enterprise, partially offset by higher Mass Markets revenues driven by FiOS services.

Mass Markets

Mass Markets operations provide broadband services (including high-speed Internet, FiOS Internet and FiOS Video services), local exchange (basic service and end-user access) and long distance (including regional toll) voice services to residential and small business subscribers.

Mass Markets revenues increased $0.1 billion, or 3.2%, and $0.3 billion, or 3.1%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to the expansion of FiOS services (Voice, Internet and Video), including our FiOS Quantum offerings, as well as changes in our pricing strategies, partially offset by the continued decline of local exchange revenues. FiOS represented approximately 79% of Consumer retail revenue during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively, compared to approximately 75% during the similar periods in 2014, respectively.

Since July 1, 2014, we grew our subscriber base by 0.5 million FiOS Internet subscribers and 0.3 million FiOS Video subscribers, while also improving penetration rates within our FiOS service areas. As of June 30, 2015, we achieved penetration rates of 41.4% and 35.7% for FiOS Internet and FiOS Video, respectively, compared to penetration rates of 40.1% and 35.3% for FiOS Internet and FiOS Video, respectively, as of June 30, 2014.

 

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The increase in Mass Markets revenues was partially offset by the decline of local exchange revenues primarily due to a 6.1% decline in Consumer retail voice connections resulting primarily from competition and technology substitution with wireless, competing VoIP (voice over IP) and cable telephony services. Total voice connections include traditional switched access lines in service as well as FiOS digital voice connections. There was also a decline in Small business retail voice connections, reflecting competition and a shift to both IP and high-speed circuits, primarily in areas outside of our FiOS footprint.

Global Enterprise

Global Enterprise offers Strategic services and other core communications services to medium and large business customers, multinational corporations and state and federal government customers.

Global Enterprise revenues decreased $0.2 billion, or 6.4%, and $0.4 billion, or 6.2%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to a $0.1 billion, or 12.7%, and $0.3 billion or 13.2%, respectively, decline related to lower voice services and data networking revenues, which consist of traditional circuit-based services such as frame relay, private line and legacy voice and data services. Also contributing to the decline was the negative impact of foreign exchange rates. The decrease was also partially due to a decline in Core customer premise equipment revenues. The decrease in Strategic services revenues of 2.2% and 1.6% during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, respectively, compared to the similar periods in 2014, was primarily due to a decline in revenue from IP services, partially offset by growth in our application services, such as our contact center solutions.

Global Wholesale

Global Wholesale provides communications services including data, voice and local dial tone and broadband services primarily to local, long distance and other carriers that use our facilities to provide services to their customers.

Global Wholesale revenues decreased $0.1 billion, or 4.5%, and $0.1 billion, or 4.1%, respectively, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to declines in data and traditional voice revenues. The declines in data and traditional voice revenues were primarily due to the effect of technology substitution. As a result, at June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, the number of core data circuits experienced a 13.5% decline and both minutes of use and average rates decreased. As of June 30, 2015, we also experienced a 6.7% decline in domestic wholesale connections compared to June 30, 2014. Also contributing to the decline in voice revenues is the continuing contraction of market rates due to competition.

Operating Expenses

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

     Increase/    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

     Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      (Decrease)     2015      2014      (Decrease)  

Cost of services

   $ 5,206       $ 5,342       $   (136     (2.5 )%    $ 10,493       $ 10,681       $ (188     (1.8 )% 

Selling, general and administrative expense

     2,007         2,031         (24     (1.2     4,038         4,180         (142     (3.4

Depreciation and amortization expense

     1,706         2,005         (299     (14.9     3,452         4,038         (586     (14.5
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total Operating Expenses

   $   8,919       $   9,378       $   (459     (4.9   $   17,983       $   18,899       $   (916     (4.8
  

 

 

    

 

 

     

 

 

    

 

 

   

Cost of Services

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, Cost of services decreased, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to a decline in access costs of $0.1 billion and $0.2 billion, respectively, driven by declines in overall wholesale long distance volumes, and a decrease in employee costs as a result of reduced headcount. Partially offsetting these decreases was an increase in content costs of $0.1 billion and $0.3 billion, respectively, associated with continued FiOS subscriber growth and programming license fee increases.

Selling, General and Administrative Expense

Selling, general and administrative expense decreased during the six months June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, primarily due to declines in administrative expenses and employee costs as a result of reduced headcount, partially offset by an increase in transaction tax expenses.

 

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Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, primarily due to $0.2 billion and $0.4 billion, respectively, of depreciation and amortization expense not being recorded on our assets in California, Florida and Texas, which were classified as held for sale as of February 5, 2015, as well as decreases in net depreciable assets.

We expect to continue to benefit from depreciation and amortization expense not being recorded on our depreciable Wireline assets in California, Florida and Texas, which were classified as held for sale as of February 5, 2015, through the closing of the transaction with Frontier, which is expected to occur in the first half of 2016.

Segment Operating Income and EBITDA

 

    

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    Increase/    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

    Increase/  
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014     (Decrease)     2015     2014     (Decrease)  

Segment Operating Income

   $ 504      $ 253      $ 251        99.2   $ 909      $ 394      $ 515        nm   

Add Depreciation and
amortization expense

     1,706        2,005        (299     (14.9     3,452        4,038        (586     (14.5 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Segment EBITDA

   $   2,210      $   2,258      $   (48     (2.1   $   4,361      $   4,432      $   (71     (1.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Segment operating income margin

     5.3     2.6         4.8     2.0    

Segment EBITDA margin

     23.5     23.4         23.1     23.0    

nm – not meaningful

The changes in the table above during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar periods in 2014, were primarily a result of the factors described in connection with operating revenues and operating expenses.

 

Other Items

 

Gain on Sale of Omnitel Interest

As a result of the sale of the Omnitel Interest on February 21, 2014, which was part of the consideration for the Wireless Transaction, we recorded a gain of $1.9 billion in Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated businesses on our condensed consolidated statement of income for the six months ended June 30, 2014.

 

Early Debt Redemption Costs

During March 2014, we recorded net debt redemption costs of $0.9 billion in connection with the early redemption of $1.25 billion aggregate principal amount of Cellco Partnership and Verizon Wireless Capital LLC 8.50% Notes due 2018, and the purchase of the following notes pursuant to a tender offer: $0.7 billion of the then outstanding $1.5 billion aggregate principal amount of Verizon 6.10% Notes due 2018, $0.8 billion of the then outstanding $1.5 billion aggregate principal amount of Verizon 5.50% Notes due 2018, $0.6 billion of the then outstanding $1.3 billion aggregate principal amount of Verizon 8.75% Notes due 2018, $0.7 billion of the then outstanding $1.25 billion aggregate principal amount of Verizon 5.55% Notes due 2016, $0.4 billion of the then outstanding $0.75 billion aggregate principal amount of Verizon 5.50% Notes due 2017, $0.6 billion of the then outstanding $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of Cellco Partnership and Verizon Wireless Capital LLC 8.50% Notes due 2018, $0.2 billion of the then outstanding $0.3 billion aggregate principal amount of Alltel Corporation 7.00% Debentures due 2016 and $0.3 billion of the then outstanding $0.6 billion aggregate principal amount of GTE Corporation 6.84% Debentures due 2018.

 

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Gain on Spectrum License Transactions

During the second quarter of 2014, we completed license exchange transactions with T-Mobile USA, Inc. (T-Mobile USA) to exchange certain AWS and PCS licenses. The exchange included a number of swaps that we expected to result in more efficient use of the AWS and PCS bands. As a result of these transactions, we received $0.9 billion of AWS and PCS spectrum licenses at fair value and we recorded an immaterial gain.

During the second quarter of 2014, we completed transactions pursuant to two additional agreements with T-Mobile USA with respect to our remaining 700 MHz A block spectrum licenses. Under one agreement, we sold certain of these licenses to T-Mobile USA in exchange for cash consideration of approximately $2.4 billion, and under the second agreement we exchanged the remainder of our 700 MHz A block spectrum licenses as well as AWS and PCS spectrum licenses for AWS and PCS spectrum licenses. As a result, we received $1.6 billion of AWS and PCS spectrum licenses at fair value and we recorded a pre-tax gain of approximately $0.7 billion in Selling, general and administrative expense on our condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014.

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the gain on the spectrum license transactions described above.

 

Wireless Transaction Costs

As a result of the third-party indebtedness incurred to finance the Wireless Transaction, we incurred interest expense of $0.4 billion during the six months ended June 30, 2014. This amount represents only the interest expense incurred prior to the closing of the Wireless Transaction.

 

Impact of Divested Operations

On July 1, 2014, we sold a non-strategic Wireline business, which provides communications solutions to a variety of government agencies.

The Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA non-GAAP measure presented in the Consolidated Operating Income and EBITDA discussion (See “Consolidated Results of Operations”) excludes the historical financial results of the divested operations described above.

 

Consolidated Financial Condition

 

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

       
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014     Change  

Cash Flows Provided By (Used In)

      

Operating activities

   $ 18,906      $ 14,804      $ 4,102   

Investing activities

       (20,171     (6,346     (13,825

Financing activities

     (6,325     (56,210     49,885   
  

 

 

 

Decrease In Cash and Cash Equivalents

   $ (7,590   $   (47,752   $    40,162   
  

 

 

 

We use the net cash generated from our operations to fund network expansion and modernization, service and repay external financing, pay dividends, invest in new businesses and, when appropriate, buy back shares of our outstanding common stock. Our sources of funds, primarily from operations and, to the extent necessary, from external financing arrangements, are sufficient to meet ongoing operating and investing requirements. We expect that our capital spending requirements will continue to be financed primarily through internally generated funds. Debt or equity financing may be needed to fund additional investments or development activities or to maintain an appropriate capital structure to ensure our financial flexibility. Our cash and cash equivalents are primarily held domestically in diversified accounts and are invested to maintain principal and liquidity. Accordingly, we do not have significant exposure to foreign currency fluctuations. See “Market Risk” for additional information regarding our foreign currency risk management strategies.

Our available external financing arrangements include an active commercial paper program, credit available under credit facilities and other bank lines of credit, vendor financing arrangements, issuances of registered debt or equity securities and privately-placed capital market securities.

 

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Cash Flows Provided By Operating Activities

Our primary source of funds continues to be cash generated from operations, primarily from our Wireless segment. Net cash provided by operating activities during the six months ended June 30, 2015 increased by $4.1 billion, compared to the similar period in 2014, primarily due to $2.5 billion of cash proceeds related to the sale of wireless equipment installment receivables as well as $2.4 billion of cash proceeds received related to the Tower Monetization Transaction attributable to the portion of the towers for which the right-of-use has passed to the tower operator (see Note 2). The increase in Cash flows provided by operating activities was partially offset by a $0.8 billion increase in income taxes paid.

 

Cash Flows Used In Investing Activities

Capital Expenditures

Capital expenditures continue to be a primary use of capital resources as they facilitate the introduction of new products and services, enhance responsiveness to competitive challenges and increase the operating efficiency and productivity of our networks.

Capital expenditures, including capitalized software, were as follows:

 

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(dollars in millions)    2015     2014  

Wireless

   $ 5,545      $ 5,325   

Wireline

     2,211        2,730   

Other

     397        439   
  

 

 

 
   $   8,153      $   8,494   
  

 

 

 

Total as a percentage of revenue

     12.7     13.6

Capital expenditures increased at Wireless during the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, in order to increase the capacity of our 4G LTE network. Capital expenditures declined at Wireline as a result of decreased FiOS and legacy spending requirements.

Acquisitions

On January 29, 2015, the FCC completed an auction of 65 MHz of spectrum, which it identified as the AWS-3 band. Verizon participated in that auction and was the high bidder on 181 spectrum licenses, for which we paid cash of approximately $10.4 billion. During the fourth quarter of 2014, we made a deposit of $0.9 billion related to our participation in this auction. During January 2015, we entered into a term loan agreement with a major financial institution, pursuant to which we borrowed $6.5 billion for general corporate purposes, including the acquisition of spectrum licenses. During the first quarter of 2015, we paid $9.5 billion to the FCC to complete payment for these licenses. The proceeds from the Tower Monetization Transaction, which we received in March 2015, were used to prepay $5.0 billion of the term loan outstanding. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding the Tower Monetization Transaction and Note 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding the term loan agreement.

On May 12, 2015, Verizon and Purchaser entered into the Merger Agreement with AOL pursuant to which Purchaser commenced the Offer. On June 23, 2015, all conditions to the Offer having been satisfied, Purchaser accepted for payment all shares validly tendered and not withdrawn prior to the expiration date of the Offer and, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, Purchaser was merged with and into AOL, with AOL being the surviving corporation, and AOL became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verizon. All AOL shares that were not validly tendered (other than shares that were canceled or converted into shares of the surviving corporation in accordance with the Merger Agreement, and those shares held by stockholders that exercised appraisal rights) were canceled and converted into the right to receive $50.00 per share in cash, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes – the same price paid for the tendered shares. The aggregate cash consideration paid by Verizon at the closing of these transactions was approximately $3.8 billion. Holders of approximately 6.6 million shares exercised their appraisal rights under Delaware law. If they had not exercised these rights, Verizon would have paid an additional $330 million for such shares at the closing. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

 

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Real Estate Transaction

On May 19, 2015, Verizon consummated a sale-leaseback transaction with a financial services firm for the buildings and real estate at our Basking Ridge, New Jersey location. We received total gross proceeds of $0.7 billion resulting in a deferred gain of $0.4 billion, which will be amortized over the initial leaseback term of twenty years. The leaseback of the buildings and real estate is accounted for as an operating lease. The proceeds received as a result of this transaction have been classified within Cash flows used in investing activities on our condensed consolidated statement of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015.

 

Cash Flows Used In Financing Activities

We seek to maintain a mix of fixed and variable rate debt to lower borrowing costs within reasonable risk parameters and to protect against earnings and cash flow volatility resulting from changes in market conditions. During the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, net cash used in financing activities was $6.3 billion and $56.2 billion, respectively. The change in cash flows used in financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, was primarily driven by the use of $58.89 billion as part of the consideration for the Wireless Transaction, which was completed on February 21, 2014.

During the six months ended June 30, 2015, our net cash used in financing activities of $6.3 billion was primarily driven by repayments of long-term borrowings and capital lease obligations of $5.8 billion, the payment of $5.0 billion related to our accelerated share repurchase agreement, as well as $4.3 billion paid in cash dividends. These uses of cash were partially offset by $6.5 billion of borrowings under a term loan agreement which was used for general corporate purposes, including the acquisition of spectrum licenses, as well as $2.7 billion of cash proceeds received related to the Tower Monetization Transaction attributable to the portion of the towers that we continue to occupy and use for network operations.

Proceeds from and Repayments of Long-Term Borrowings

At June 30, 2015, our total debt increased to $113.7 billion as compared to $113.3 billion at December 31, 2014. Since the substantial majority of our total debt portfolio consists of fixed rate indebtedness, changes in interest rates do not have a material effect on our interest payments. During the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, our effective interest rate was 4.8% and 5.0%, respectively. See Note 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional details regarding our debt activity.

At June 30, 2015, approximately $9.1 billion, or 8.0%, of the aggregate principal amount of our total debt portfolio consisted of foreign denominated debt, primarily the Euro and British Pound Sterling. We have entered into cross currency swaps in order to fix our future interest and principal payments in U.S. dollars and mitigate the impact of foreign currency transaction gains or losses. See “Market Risk” for additional information.

See “Other Items” for additional information related to the early debt redemption costs incurred during the first quarter of 2014.

Verizon may continue to acquire debt securities issued by Verizon and its affiliates in the future through open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions, tender offers, exchange offers, or otherwise, upon such terms and at such prices as Verizon may from time to time determine for cash or other consideration.

Other Credit Facilities

As of June 30, 2015, the unused borrowing capacity under our $8.0 billion credit facility was approximately $7.9 billion.

Other, net

Other, net financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2015, include $2.7 billion of cash proceeds received related to the Tower Monetization Transaction, which relates to the portion of the towers that we continue to occupy and use for network operations.

Dividends

As in prior periods, dividend payments were a significant use of capital resources. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, we paid $4.3 billion in cash dividends.

Common Stock

During the six months ended June 30, 2015, we repurchased $0.1 billion of our common stock as part of our previously announced share buyback program.

 

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In February 2015, the Verizon Board of Directors authorized Verizon to enter into an accelerated share repurchase (ASR) agreement to repurchase $5.0 billion of the Company’s common stock. On February 10, 2015, in exchange for an upfront payment totaling $5.0 billion, Verizon received an initial delivery of 86.2 million shares having a value of approximately $4.25 billion. On June 5, 2015, Verizon received an additional 15.4 million shares as final settlement of the transaction under the ASR agreement. In total, 101.6 million shares were delivered under the ASR at an average repurchase price of $49.21.

Covenants

Our credit agreements contain covenants that are typical for large, investment grade companies. These covenants include requirements to pay interest and principal in a timely fashion, pay taxes, maintain insurance with responsible and reputable insurance companies, preserve our corporate existence, keep appropriate books and records of financial transactions, maintain our properties, provide financial and other reports to our lenders, limit pledging and disposition of assets and mergers and consolidations, and other similar covenants. Additionally, the term loan credit agreements require us to maintain a leverage ratio (as such term is defined in those agreements) not in excess of 3.50:1.00 until our credit ratings are equal to or higher than A3 and A-. See Note 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional details related to our term loan credit agreement.

We and our consolidated subsidiaries are in compliance with all of our financial and restrictive covenants.

 

Decrease In Cash and Cash Equivalents

Our Cash and cash equivalents at June 30, 2015 totaled $3.0 billion, a $7.6 billion decrease compared to Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2014 primarily as a result of the factors discussed above.

Free Cash Flow

Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that management believes is useful to investors and other users of Verizon’s financial information in evaluating cash available to pay debt and dividends. Free cash flow is calculated by subtracting capital expenditures from net cash provided by operating activities. The following table reconciles Net cash provided by operating activities to Free cash flow:

 

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

        
(dollars in millions)    2015      2014      Change  

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $    18,906       $    14,804       $ 4,102   

Less Capital expenditures (including capitalized software)

     8,153         8,494         (341
  

 

 

 

Free cash flow

   $ 10,753       $ 6,310       $   4,443   
  

 

 

 

The change in Free cash flow during the six months June 30, 2015, compared to the similar period in 2014, was primarily due to $2.5 billion of cash proceeds related to the sale of wireless equipment installment receivables as well as $2.4 billion of cash proceeds received related to the Tower Monetization Transaction attributable to the portion of the towers for which the right-of-use has passed to the tower operator (see Note 2) and a $0.3 billion decrease in capital expenditures, partially offset by a $0.8 billion increase in income taxes paid. Subsequent to the completion of the Wireless Transaction on February 21, 2014, we have full access to all of the cash flows generated by our wireless business.

 

Market Risk

We are exposed to various types of market risk in the normal course of business, including the impact of interest rate changes, foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, changes in investment, equity and commodity prices and changes in corporate tax rates. We employ risk management strategies, which may include the use of a variety of derivatives including cross currency swaps, foreign currency and prepaid forwards and collars, interest rate swap agreements, commodity swap and forward agreements and interest rate locks. We do not hold derivatives for trading purposes.

It is our general policy to enter into interest rate, foreign currency and other derivative transactions only to the extent necessary to achieve our desired objectives in limiting our exposure to various market risks. Our objectives include maintaining a mix of fixed and variable rate debt to lower borrowing costs within reasonable risk parameters and to protect against earnings and cash flow volatility resulting from changes in market conditions. We do not hedge our market risk exposure in a manner that would completely eliminate the effect of changes in interest rates and foreign exchange rates on our earnings. We posted collateral of

 

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approximately $0.2 billion and $0.6 billion related to derivative contracts under collateral exchange arrangements at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we paid an immaterial amount of cash to enter into amendments to certain collateral exchange arrangements. These amendments suspend cash collateral posting for a specified period of time by both counterparties. While we may be exposed to credit losses due to the nonperformance of our counterparties, we consider the risk remote. As such, we do not expect that our results of operations or financial condition will be materially affected by these risk management strategies.

 

Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to changes in interest rates, primarily on our short-term debt and the portion of long-term debt that carries floating interest rates. As of June 30, 2015, approximately 85% of the aggregate principal amount of our total debt portfolio consisted of fixed rate indebtedness, including the effect of interest rate swap agreements designated as hedges. The impact of a 100 basis point change in interest rates affecting our floating rate debt would result in a change in annual interest expense, including our interest rate swap agreements that are designated as hedges, of approximately $0.2 billion. The interest rates on substantially all of our existing long-term debt obligations are unaffected by changes to our credit ratings.

Interest Rate Swaps

We enter into domestic interest rate swaps to achieve a targeted mix of fixed and variable rate debt. We principally receive fixed rates and pay variable rates based on the London Interbank Offered Rate, resulting in a net increase or decrease to Interest expense. These swaps are designated as fair value hedges and hedge against changes in the fair value of our debt portfolio. We record the interest rate swaps at fair value on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as assets and liabilities. The fair value of these contracts was not material at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the total notional amount of the interest rate swaps was $1.8 billion. The ineffective portion of these interest rate swaps was not material for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015.

Forward Interest Rate Swaps

In order to manage our exposure to future interest rate changes, we have entered into forward interest rate swaps. At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, these swaps had a notional value of $2.0 billion. We designated these contracts as cash flow hedges. The fair value of these contracts was $0.2 billion at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, which was included within Other liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency for our foreign operations is primarily the local currency. The translation of income statement and balance sheet amounts of our foreign operations into U.S. dollars is recorded as cumulative translation adjustments, which are included in Accumulated other comprehensive income in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. Gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of income in Other income and (expense), net. At June 30, 2015, our primary translation exposure was to the British Pound Sterling and Euro.

Cross Currency Swaps

We enter into cross currency swaps to exchange British Pound Sterling and Euro-denominated debt into U.S. dollars and to fix our future interest and principal payments in U.S. dollars, as well as to mitigate the effect of foreign currency transaction gains or losses. These swaps are designated as cash flow hedges. A portion of the gains and losses recognized in Other comprehensive loss was reclassified to Other income and (expense), net to offset the related pre-tax foreign currency transaction gain or loss on the underlying debt obligations. The fair value of the outstanding swaps was $1.3 billion at June 30, 2015 and $0.6 billion at December 31, 2014, which were primarily included within Other liabilities on our condensed consolidated balance sheets. At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the total notional amount of the cross currency swaps was $10.3 billion. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, a pre-tax gain of $0.2 billion and a pre-tax loss of $0.7 billion, respectively, were recognized in Other comprehensive loss. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, an immaterial pre-tax loss and an immaterial pre-tax gain, respectively, were recognized in Other comprehensive loss.

 

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Acquisitions and Divestitures

Wireless

Spectrum License Transactions

On January 29, 2015, the FCC completed an auction of 65 MHz of spectrum, which it identified as the AWS-3 band. Verizon participated in that auction and was the high bidder on 181 spectrum licenses, for which we paid cash of approximately $10.4 billion. During the fourth quarter of 2014, we made a deposit of $0.9 billion related to our participation in this auction. During the first quarter of 2015, we submitted an application to the FCC and paid $9.5 billion to the FCC to complete payment for these licenses. On April 8, 2015, the FCC granted us these spectrum licenses.

From time to time, we enter into agreements to buy, sell or exchange spectrum licenses. We believe these spectrum license transactions have allowed us to continue to enhance the reliability of our network while also resulting in a more efficient use of spectrum. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional details regarding our spectrum license transactions.

Tower Monetization Transaction

During March 2015, we completed a transaction with American Tower pursuant to which American Tower acquired the exclusive right to lease, acquire or otherwise operate and manage many of our wireless towers for an upfront payment of $5.1 billion, which also included payment for the sale of 162 towers. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Wireline

Access Line Sale

On February 5, 2015, we announced that we have entered into a definitive agreement with Frontier pursuant to which Verizon will sell its local exchange business and related landline activities in California, Florida, and Texas, including FiOS Internet and Video customers, switched and special access lines and high-speed Internet service and long distance voice accounts in these three states for approximately $10.5 billion, subject to certain adjustments and including the assumption of $0.6 billion of indebtedness from Verizon by Frontier. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Other

Acquisition of AOL Inc.

On May 12, 2015, Verizon and Purchaser entered into the Merger Agreement with AOL pursuant to which Purchaser commenced the Offer. On June 23, 2015, all conditions to the Offer having been satisfied, Purchaser accepted for payment all shares validly tendered and not withdrawn prior to the expiration date of the Offer and, pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, Purchaser was merged with and into AOL, with AOL being the surviving corporation, and AOL became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verizon. All AOL shares that were not validly tendered (other than shares that were canceled or converted into shares of the surviving corporation in accordance with the Merger Agreement, and those shares held by stockholders that exercised appraisal rights) were canceled and converted into the right to receive $50.00 per share in cash, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes – the same price paid for the tendered shares. The aggregate cash consideration paid by Verizon at the closing of these transactions was approximately $3.8 billion. Holders of approximately 6.6 million shares exercised their appraisal rights under Delaware law. If they had not exercised these rights, Verizon would have paid an additional $330 million for such shares at the closing.

AOL is a leader in the digital content and advertising platform space. Verizon has been investing in emerging technology that taps into the market shift to digital content and advertising. AOL’s advertising model aligns with this approach, and we believe that the advertising platform enhances our ability to further develop future revenue streams. See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.

 

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Other Factors That May Affect Future Results

 

Regulatory and Competitive Trends

Verizon offers many different broadband services. Traditionally, the FCC has recognized that broadband Internet access services are “information services” subject to a “light touch” regulatory approach rather than the traditional, utilities-style regulations that apply to traditional voice services. In its order imposing so-called “network neutrality” rules, the FCC reversed course in 2015 and declared that broadband Internet access services will now be treated as “telecommunications services” subject to common carriage regulation under Title II of the Communications Act of 1934. This decision creates uncertainty concerning the level of regulation that will apply to broadband services going forward. These regulations will limit the ways that broadband Internet access service providers can structure business arrangements and manage their networks and could spur additional restrictions, including rate regulation, that could adversely affect broadband investment and innovation. The FCC’s decision is being challenged in court, and the proper scope of such regulations is also being debated in Congress. Verizon remains committed to the open Internet which provides consumers with competitive choices and unblocked access to lawful websites and content when, where, and how they want, and our commitment to our customers can be found on our website at http://responsibility.verizon.com/broadband-commitment. Verizon opposes the shift to utilities style regulation, however, which we believe is unnecessary, unlawful and harmful to the broader Internet ecosystem and our customers.

Except to the extent described above, there have been no material changes to Regulatory and Competitive Trends as previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1. “Business” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

Environmental Matters

Reserves have been established to cover environmental matters relating to discontinued businesses and past telecommunications activities. These reserves include funds to address contamination at the site of a former Sylvania facility in Hicksville, NY, which had processed nuclear fuel rods in the 1950s and 1960s. In September 2005, the Army Corps of Engineers (ACE) accepted the site into its Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. As a result, the ACE has taken primary responsibility for addressing the contamination at the site. An adjustment to the reserves may be made after a cost allocation is conducted with respect to the past and future expenses of all of the parties. Adjustments to the environmental reserve may also be made based upon the actual conditions found at other sites requiring remediation.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

See Note 1 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of recently issued accounting standard updates not yet adopted as of June 30, 2015.

 

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Cautionary Statement Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

In this report we have made forward-looking statements. These statements are based on our estimates and assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements include the information concerning our possible or assumed future results of operations. Forward-looking statements also include those preceded or followed by the words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “hopes” or similar expressions. For those statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

The following important factors, along with those discussed elsewhere in this report and in other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), could affect future results and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements:

 

   

adverse conditions in the U.S. and international economies;

 

   

the effects of competition in the markets in which we operate;

 

   

material changes in technology or technology substitution;

 

   

disruption of our key suppliers’ provisioning of products or services;

 

   

changes in the regulatory environment in which we operate, including any increase in restrictions on our ability to operate our networks;

 

   

breaches of network or information technology security, natural disasters, terrorist attacks or acts of war or significant litigation and any resulting financial impact not covered by insurance;

 

   

our high level of indebtedness;

 

   

an adverse change in the ratings afforded our debt securities by nationally accredited ratings organizations or adverse conditions in the credit markets affecting the cost, including interest rates, and/or availability of further financing;

 

   

material adverse changes in labor matters, including labor negotiations, and any resulting financial and/or operational impact;

 

   

significant increases in benefit plan costs or lower investment returns on plan assets;

 

   

changes in tax laws or treaties, or in their interpretation;

 

   

changes in accounting assumptions that regulatory agencies, including the SEC, may require or that result from changes in the accounting rules or their application, which could result in an impact on earnings; and