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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.ex321-20150331x10q.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.ex312-20150331x10q.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.ex311-20150331x10q.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.ex322-20150331x10q.htm
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.Financial_Report.xls
United States
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

ý QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015
or
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO THE SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
_____________________

Commission File Number 001-31659
BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.


Maryland
 
32-0024337
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I. R. S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
One Beacon Street, Boston, Massachusetts
 
02108
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

 
(617) 523-7722
 
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes ý     No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes ý    No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer o
Accelerated Filer o
Non-accelerated Filer ý
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller Reporting Company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    
Yes o    No ý

There were 1,406,196 shares of Class B common stock outstanding as of May 14, 2015.

1


 
BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
ITEM NO.
 
PAGE NO.
 
 
 
PART I
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.

2


Part I    FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
(unaudited)
 
(audited)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Multifamily apartment communities, net of accumulated depreciation of $197,479,523 and $190,993,267, respectively
$
533,856,962

 
$
472,942,656

Cash and cash equivalents
12,922,191

 
4,369,626

Cash restricted for tenant security deposits
1,230,356

 
1,202,884

Restricted cash held in escrow for 1031 exchange

 
11,920,578

Replacement reserve escrow
1,492,548

 
1,425,007

Prepaid expenses and other assets
7,349,357

 
8,807,199

Investments in unconsolidated multifamily entities
12,770,521

 
14,078,222

Acquired in-place leases and tenant relationships, net of accumulated amortization of $2,141,202 and $1,518,971, respectively
1,236,437

 
1,219,543

Deferred expenses, net of accumulated amortization of $2,643,498 and $2,239,550, respectively
5,757,368

 
5,706,855

Total assets
$
576,615,740

 
$
521,672,570

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 

 
 

Mortgage notes payable
$
511,538,866

 
$
436,785,408

Credit Facility (Note 6)
19,000,000

 
41,000,000

Note payable - affiliate (Note 7)
5,800,000

 

Note payable - other (Note 8)
1,250,000

 
1,250,000

Due to affiliates, net
3,148,517

 
3,085,668

Due to affiliate, incentive advisory fees
13,868,578

 
13,698,562

Dividend and distributions payable
1,462,907

 
837,607

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
14,810,192

 
12,889,999

Tenant security deposits
1,608,731

 
1,451,751

Total liabilities
572,487,791

 
510,998,995

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

 

 
 
 
 
Equity:
 

 
 

Noncontrolling interest in properties (Note 14)
(58,498
)
 
(25,658
)
Noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership (Note 15)
(25,589,851
)
 
(19,217,779
)
Series A 9% Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, no par value, $25 stated value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, 2,978,110 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
70,210,830

 
70,210,830

Class A common stock, $.01 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

 

Class B common stock, $.01 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, 1,406,196 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
14,062

 
14,062

Excess stock, $.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

 

Accumulated deficit
(40,448,594
)
 
(40,307,880
)
Total equity
4,127,949

 
10,673,575

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and equity
$
576,615,740

 
$
521,672,570

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

3


BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
 
Three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue:
 
 
 
Rental
$
16,928,674

 
$
19,289,286

Utility reimbursement
752,397

 
918,837

Other
984,582

 
968,542

Total revenue
18,665,653

 
21,176,665

Expenses:
 
 
 
Operating
4,772,734

 
6,321,228

Maintenance
921,638

 
1,132,823

Real estate taxes
2,114,675

 
2,183,181

General and administrative
715,228

 
621,161

Management fees
1,152,463

 
1,226,253

Incentive advisory fees
338,605

 
264,045

Depreciation
6,486,256

 
6,286,212

Interest, inclusive of amortization of deferred financing fees
5,796,484

 
7,093,818

Amortization of acquired in-place leases and tenant relationships
622,231

 

Total expenses
22,920,314

 
25,128,721

Loss before equity in income of unconsolidated multifamily entities
(4,254,661
)
 
(3,952,056
)
Equity in income of unconsolidated multifamily entities
25,632

 
682,492

Loss from continuing operations
(4,229,029
)
 
(3,269,564
)
Net loss from discontinued operations

 
(114,216
)
Net loss
(4,229,029
)
 
(3,383,780
)
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in properties
16,736

 
(64,836
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership (Note 15)
5,746,772

 
5,001,351

Net income attributable to the Company
1,534,479

 
1,552,735

Preferred dividend
(1,675,193
)
 
(1,675,194
)
Net loss available to common shareholders
$
(140,714
)
 
$
(122,459
)
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to the Company per common share, basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.09
)
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to the Company per common share, basic and diluted
$

 
$

Net loss available to common shareholders per common share, basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.09
)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and diluted
1,406,196

 
1,406,196


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

4


BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY (DEFICIT)
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2015 AND 2014
(unaudited)
 
Company Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Series A Preferred Stock
 
Class B Common Stock
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Noncontrolling Interests –Properties
 
Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership
 
Total Deficit
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at
January 1, 2014
2,978,110

 
$
70,210,830

 
1,406,196

 
$
14,062

 
$
(42,354,222
)
 
$
879,785

 
$
(102,297,937
)
 
$
(73,547,482
)
Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 
1,552,735

 
64,836

 
(5,001,351
)
 
(3,383,780
)
Contributions

 

 

 

 

 
619,093

 

 
619,093

Distributions

 

 

 

 
(478,000
)
 
(947,980
)
 
(19,578,900
)
 
(21,004,880
)
Distributions to preferred shareholders

 

 

 

 
(1,675,194
)
 

 

 
(1,675,194
)
Balance at
March 31, 2014
2,978,110

 
$
70,210,830

 
1,406,196

 
$
14,062

 
$
(42,954,681
)
 
$
615,734

 
$
(126,878,188
)
 
$
(98,992,243
)

 
Company Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Series A Preferred Stock
 
Class B Common Stock
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Noncontrolling Interests –Properties
 
Noncontrolling Interests – Operating Partnership
 
Total Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at
January 1, 2015
2,978,110

 
$
70,210,830

 
1,406,196

 
$
14,062

 
$
(40,307,880
)
 
$
(25,658
)
 
$
(19,217,779
)
 
$
10,673,575

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 
1,534,479

 
(16,736
)
 
(5,746,772
)
 
(4,229,029
)
Contributions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distributions

 

 

 

 

 
(16,104
)
 
(625,300
)
 
(641,404
)
Distributions to preferred shareholders

 

 

 

 
(1,675,193
)
 

 

 
(1,675,193
)
Balance at
March 31, 2015
2,978,110

 
$
70,210,830

 
1,406,196

 
$
14,062

 
$
(40,448,594
)
 
$
(58,498
)
 
$
(25,589,851
)
 
$
4,127,949


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

5


BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
 
For the three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(4,229,029
)
 
$
(3,383,780
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Amortization of deferred costs
242,263

 
249,082

Amortization of acquired in-place leases and tenant relationships
622,231

 

Amortization of fair value premium on mortgage debt
(96,048
)
 
(31,432
)
Loss on derivative financial instrument
26,287

 
208,766

Depreciation
6,486,256

 
6,286,212

Deferred costs
(18,366
)
 
(10,577
)
Equity in income of unconsolidated multifamily entities
(25,632
)
 
(682,492
)
Increase (decrease) in cash attributable to changes in assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Tenant security deposits, net
49,426

 
86,515

Prepaid expenses and other assets
1,431,555

 
1,259,196

Due to/from affiliates
62,849

 
850,373

Due to affiliate - incentive advisory fees
170,016

 
117,942

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
100,818

 
(1,213,833
)
Distributions of return on investments in unconsolidated multifamily entities
1,333,333

 
400,421

Net cash provided by operating activities
6,155,959

 
4,136,393

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

Capital improvements
(11,944,096
)
 
(5,303,819
)
Acquisition of multifamily apartment communities
(54,020,670
)
 
(60,611,119
)
Distributions from investment in unconsolidated multifamily entities

 
544,680

Return of restricted cash held in escrow for 1031 exchange
11,920,578

 

Interest earned on replacement reserve deposits
(115
)
 
(216
)
Deposits to replacement reserve escrow
(67,426
)
 
(106,259
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(54,111,729
)
 
(65,476,733
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 

Borrowings from mortgage notes payable
75,789,994

 
44,001,003

Principal payments on mortgage notes payable
(940,488
)
 
(1,577,183
)
Repayments of mortgage notes payable

 
(37,083,389
)
Borrowings from Credit Facility
9,000,000

 
80,000,000

Principal payments on Credit Facility
(31,000,000
)
 

Borrowings from note payable - affiliate
5,800,000

 

Deferred financing costs
(449,874
)
 
(2,973,272
)
Contributions from noncontrolling interest holders in properties

 
619,093

Distributions to noncontrolling interest holders in properties
(16,104
)
 
(947,980
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership

 
(19,578,900
)
Distributions to common shareholders

 
(478,000
)
Distributions to preferred shareholders
(1,675,193
)
 
(1,675,194
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
56,508,335

 
60,306,178

 
 
 
 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
8,552,565

 
(1,034,162
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
4,369,626

 
15,254,613

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
12,922,191

 
$
14,220,451


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

6


BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
 
For the three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest
$
5,144,018

 
$
7,407,646

Capitalization of interest
490,687

 
215,996

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Capital improvements included in accrued expenses and other liabilities
5,653,788

 
1,433,990

Dividends declared and payable to preferred shareholders
837,607

 
837,607

Distributions payable to noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership
625,300

 

Mortgage debt assumed

 
70,472,066

 
 
 
 
Acquisition of multifamily apartment communities:
 
 
 
Assets acquired:
 
 
 
Multifamily apartment communities
$
(53,485,875
)
 
$
(129,560,979
)
Acquired in-place leases
(639,125
)
 
(1,642,098
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets

 
(632,521
)
Liabilities assumed:
 
 
 
Accrued expenses
24,248

 
511,151

Tenant security deposit liability
80,082

 
241,262

Mortgage notes payable

 
70,472,066

Net cash used for acquisition of multifamily apartment communities
$
(54,020,670
)
 
$
(60,611,119
)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.


7


BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

1.
ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Berkshire Income Realty, Inc. (the “Company”), a Maryland corporation, was incorporated on July 19, 2002 and 100 Class B common shares were issued upon organization.  The Company is in the business of acquiring, owning, operating, developing and rehabilitating multifamily apartment communities.  As of March 31, 2015, the Company owned, or had an interest in, 14 multifamily apartment communities consisting of 4,345 total apartment units, two multifamily development projects and two unconsolidated multifamily entities. The Company conducts its business through Berkshire Income Realty-OP, L.P. (the "Operating Partnership").

The Company elected to be treated as a real estate investment trust ("REIT") under Section 856 of the Tax Code (the "Code"), with the filing of its first tax return. As a result, the Company generally is not subject to federal corporate income tax on its taxable income that is distributed to its shareholders. A REIT is subject to a number of organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that it currently distribute at least 90% of its annual taxable income. The Company's policy is to make sufficient distributions of its taxable income to meet the REIT distribution requirements. The Company must also meet other operational requirements with respect to its investments, assets and income. The Company monitors these various requirements on a quarterly basis and believes that as of and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, it was in compliance on all such requirements. Accordingly, the Company has made no provision for federal income taxes in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. The Company is subject to certain state level taxes based on the location of its properties.

Discussion of acquisitions for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015

On March 2, 2015, the Company, through its subsidiary, BIR Gatehouse, L.L.C., completed the acquisition of Gatehouse 75, a 99-unit multifamily apartment community located in Boston, Massachusetts. The seller was an unaffiliated third party. The purchase price for Gatehouse 75 was $54,125,000 and was subject to normal operating prorations and adjustments as provided for in the purchase and sale agreement. The Company has acquired Gatehouse 75 as a replacement property in an exchange transaction under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code for Yorktowne, which was sold in 2014.

Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 805-10 requires that identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recorded at fair value as of the acquisition date. As of the acquisition date, the amounts recognized for each major class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed is as follows:
 
 
Gatehouse 75
Asset acquired:
 
 
Multifamily apartment communities
 
$
53,485,875

Acquired in-place leases and tenant relationships
 
639,125

Total assets acquired
 
$
54,125,000

 
 
 
Liabilities assumed:
 
 
Accrued expenses
 
$
24,248

Tenant security deposit liability
 
80,082

Total liabilities assumed
 
$
104,330


Discussion of dispositions for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015

The Company did not dispose of any properties during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

On April 10, 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, which raises the threshold for determining which disposals are required to be presented as discontinued operations and modifies related disclosure requirements. The standard is applied prospectively and is effective in 2015 with early adoption permitted. The Company has elected to early

8


adopt this standard effective with the interim period beginning April 1, 2014. Prior to April 1, 2014, disposed properties are presented in discontinued operations.

On May 28, 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount reflecting the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. In adopting ASU 2014-09, companies may use either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach. Additionally, this guidance requires improved disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. ASU 2014-09 is effective for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and early adoption is not permitted. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its financial position and results of operations.

On February 18, 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Amendment to the Consolidation Analysis (Topic 810), which changes the analysis a reporting entity must perform to determine whether it should consolidate certain types of legal entities. ASU 2015-02 modifies whether limited partnerships and similar entities are variable interest entities ("VIEs") or voting interest entities and eliminates the presumption a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership. ASU 2015-02 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its financial position and results of operations.

On April 7, 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (Subtopic 835-30), which requires debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the associated debt liability. For public business entities, the standard is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The new guidance will be applied on a retrospective basis. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its financial position and results of operations.

Unaudited interim consolidated financial statements

The accompanying interim consolidated financial statements of the Company are unaudited; however, the consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") for interim financial information and in conjunction with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, certain disclosures accompanying annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP are omitted.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring matters) necessary for a fair statement for the interim periods have been included.  The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be obtained for other interim periods or for the full fiscal year. The interim financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the Company’s financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, comprehensive loss equaled net loss.  Therefore, the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and Loss required to be presented have been omitted from the consolidated financial statements.

2.    MULTIFAMILY APARTMENT COMMUNITIES

The following summarizes the carrying value of the Company’s multifamily apartment communities:
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
(unaudited)
 
(audited)
Land
$
85,531,674

 
$
80,131,674

Buildings, improvement and personal property
645,804,811

 
583,804,249

Multifamily apartment communities
731,336,485

 
663,935,923

Accumulated depreciation
(197,479,523
)
 
(190,993,267
)
Multifamily apartment communities, net
$
533,856,962

 
$
472,942,656



9


The Company accounts for its acquisitions of investments in real estate in accordance with ASC 805-10, which requires the fair value of the real estate acquired be allocated to the acquired tangible assets, consisting of land, building, furniture, fixtures and equipment and identified intangible assets and liabilities, consisting of the value of the above-market and below-market leases, the value of in-place leases and the value of other tenant relationships, based in each case on their fair values. The value of in-place leases and tenant relationships is determined based on the specific expiration dates of the in-place leases. Value of in-place leases are amortized over the remaining life of the underlying leases. Value of tenant relationships are amortized based on the straight line method of amortization over a 24-period for residential leases and up to a 72-month period for retail leases.

The Company evaluated the carrying value of its multifamily apartment communities for impairment pursuant to ASC 360-10. The Company did not record an impairment adjustment during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 or the year ended December 31, 2014.

Discontinued Operations

The residual operating results of properties sold in 2013 and their discontinued operations for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are presented in the following table.
 
Three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue:
 
 
 
Other

 
210

Total revenue

 
210

Expenses:
 
 
 
Operating

 
112,954

General and administrative

 
1,472

Total expenses

 
114,426

Loss from discontinued operations
$

 
$
(114,216
)

3.     INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED MULTIFAMILY ENTITIES

INVESTMENT IN UNCONSOLIDATED LIMITED PARTNERSHIP

On August 12, 2005, the Company, together with affiliates and other unaffiliated parties, entered into a subscription agreement to invest in the Berkshire Multifamily Value Fund, L.P. (“BVF”), an affiliate of Berkshire Property Advisors, L.L.C. (“Berkshire Advisor” or the “Advisor”).  Under the terms of the agreement and the related limited partnership agreement, the Company and its affiliates agreed to invest up to $25,000,000, or approximately 7%, of the total capital of the partnership.  The Company’s final commitment under the subscription agreement with BVF totaled $23,400,000, which represented an ownership interest of 7% in BVF.  BVF’s investment strategy was to acquire middle-market properties where there is an opportunity to add value through repositioning or rehabilitation.

In accordance with ASC 810-10 issued by FASB, as amended by ASU 2009-17, related to the consolidation of variable interest entities, the Company has performed an analysis of its investment in BVF to determine whether it would qualify as a VIE and whether it should be consolidated or accounted for as an equity investment in an unconsolidated joint venture.  As a result of the Company’s qualitative assessment to determine whether its investment in BVF is a VIE, the Company determined that the investment is a VIE based upon the fact that the holders of the equity investment at risk lack the power, through voting or similar rights, to direct the activities of BVF that most significantly impact BVF’s economic performance.  Under the terms of the limited partnership agreement of BVF, the general partner of BVF has the full, exclusive and complete right, power, authority, discretion, obligation and responsibility to make all decisions affecting the business of BVF.

After making the determination that its investment in BVF was a VIE, the Company performed an assessment of which partner would be considered the primary beneficiary of BVF and therefore would be required to consolidate BVF’s balance sheets and result of operations.  This assessment was based upon which entity (1) had the power to direct matters that most significantly impact the activities of BVF, and (2) had the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits of BVF that could potentially be significant to the entity based upon the terms of the partnership and management agreements of BVF.  As a result of fees paid to an affiliate of the general partner of BVF for asset management and other services, the Company has determined that the general partner of BVF has the obligation to absorb the losses or the right to receive benefits of BVF while retaining the power to make significant decisions for BVF.  Based upon this understanding, the Company concluded that the general partner of BVF should

10


consolidate BVF and as such, the Company accounts for its investment in BVF as an equity investment in an unconsolidated joint venture.

As of March 31, 2015, the Company had invested 100% of its total committed capital amount of $23,400,000 in BVF and had received distributions from BVF of $25,104,682, or approximately 107.3%, of its invested capital. The general partner of BVF is proceeding with BVF's liquidation plan to sell the one remaining asset in its portfolio.

The summarized statement of assets, liabilities and partners’ equity of BVF is as follows:
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
(unaudited)
 
(audited)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Multifamily apartment communities, net
$
115,007,655

 
$
116,680,315

Cash and cash equivalents
25,078,474

 
25,903,395

Other assets
4,402,380

 
4,801,494

Total assets
$
144,488,509

 
$
147,385,204

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND PARTNERS’ EQUITY
 

 
 

Mortgage notes payable
$
132,985,494

 
$
133,445,626

Other liabilities
3,286,749

 
3,940,477

Noncontrolling interest
(10,769,407
)
 
(9,706,447
)
Partners’ equity
18,985,673

 
19,705,548

Total liabilities and partners’ equity
$
144,488,509

 
$
147,385,204

 
 
 
 
Company’s share of partners’ equity
$
1,329,134

 
$
1,379,531

Basis differential (1)
604,395

 
604,395

Carrying value of the Company’s investment in unconsolidated limited partnership (2)
$
1,933,529

 
$
1,983,926


(1)
This amount represents the difference between the Company’s investment in BVF and its share of the underlying equity in the net assets of BVF (adjusted to conform with GAAP).  At March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the differential was comprised mainly of $583,240, which represents the Company’s share of syndication costs incurred by BVF that the Company was not required to fund via a separate capital call.

(2)
Per the partnership agreement of BVF, the Company’s liability is limited to its investment in BVF.  The Company does not guarantee any third-party debt held by BVF.  The Company has fully funded its obligations under the partnership agreement as of March 31, 2015 and has no commitment to make additional contributions to BVF.

The Company evaluates the carrying value of its investment in BVF for impairment periodically and records impairment charges when events or circumstances change indicating that other-than-temporary decline in the fair values below the carrying values has occurred.  No such other-than-temporary impairment charges have been recognized during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 or the year ended December 31, 2014.

The summarized statements of operations of BVF for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
 
Three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
4,128,825

 
$
28,763,720

Expenses
(5,911,660
)
 
(37,257,755
)
Gain on property sales and extinguishment of debt (2)

 
15,247,953

Noncontrolling interest
1,062,960

 
1,026,400

Net income (loss) attributable to investment
$
(719,875
)
 
$
7,780,318

 
 
 
 
Equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated limited partnership (1)(2)
$
(50,397
)
 
$
945,101



11


(1)
There were no impairment indicators or impairment write offs in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 or 2014.

(2)
BVF did not have any dispositions during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2014, BVF recorded a net gain on the disposition of two properties. The gain on the sale was $15,247,953, of which the Company's share was approximately $1,067,000 and is reflected in the "Equity in income of unconsolidated multifamily entities" for the three-month period ended March 31, 2014.

INVESTMENT IN UNCONSOLIDATED LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES

On March 2, 2011, the Operating Partnership executed an agreement with Berkshire Multifamily Value Fund II ("BVF II"), an affiliated entity, to create a joint venture, BIR/BVF-II NoMa JV, L.L.C. ("NoMa JV"), to participate in and take an ownership position in a real estate development project. BVF II is the managing member of NoMa JV and has a percentage ownership interest of approximately 67% while the Operating Partnership has a percentage ownership interest of approximately 33%.

Also on March 2, 2011, NoMa JV acquired a 90% interest in NOMA Residential West I, LLC. (“NOMA Residential”).  NOMA Residential has developed and is operating a 603-unit multifamily apartment community in Washington, D.C. (the "NoMa Project"). The remaining 10% interest in NOMA Residential is owned by the developer, an unrelated third party (the “NoMa Developer”).  The governing agreements for NOMA Residential give the NoMa Developer the authority to manage the construction and development of, and subsequent to completion, the day-to-day operations of NOMA Residential.  The agreement also provides for fees to the NoMa Developer, limits the authority of the NoMa Developer and provides for distributions based on percentage interest and thereafter in accordance with achievement of economic hurdles.

In accordance with ASC 810-10, as amended by ASU 2009-17, related to the consolidation of variable interest entities, the Company has performed an analysis of its investment in NoMa JV to determine whether it would qualify as a VIE and whether it should be consolidated or accounted for as an equity investment in an unconsolidated joint venture. As a result of the Company's qualitative assessment to determine whether its investment is a VIE, the Company determined that the investment is a VIE based upon the holders of the equity investment at risk lacking the power, through voting rights or similar rights, to direct the activities of the entity that most significantly impact the entity's economic performance.  Under the terms of the limited liability company agreement of NoMa JV, the managing member has the full, exclusive and complete right, power, authority, discretion, obligation and responsibility to make all decisions affecting the business of NoMa JV.

After making the determination that its investment in NoMa JV was a VIE, the Company performed an assessment of which partner would be considered the primary beneficiary of NoMa JV and would be required to consolidate the VIE's balance sheet and results of operations. This assessment was based upon which entity (1) had the power to direct matters that most significantly impact the activities of NoMa JV, and (2) had the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits of NoMa JV that could potentially be significant to the VIE based upon the terms of the limited liability company and management agreements of NoMa JV.  Because the managing member owns two-thirds of the entity and all profits and losses are split pro-rata in accordance with capital accounts, the Company has determined that the managing member has the obligation to absorb the losses or the right to receive benefits of the VIE while retaining the power to make significant decisions for NoMa JV.  Based upon this understanding, the Company concluded that the managing member should consolidate NoMa JV and as such, the Company accounts for its investment in NoMa JV as an equity investment in an unconsolidated joint venture.

As of March 31, 2015, the Company had invested 100% of its total committed capital amount of $14,520,000 in NoMa JV for an ownership interest of approximately 33% and had recorded $1,710,327 of capitalized interest on the investment. The Company has no obligation to fund capital to NoMa JV in excess of its original commitment of capital of $14,520,000. The NoMa Project was completed during the quarter ended June 30, 2013.

As of March 31, 2015, the Company had received distributions from operations of $1,800,000 from NoMa JV, or approximately 12.4%, of its invested capital.

On July 16, 2014, the Company converted its ownership in Country Place I and Country Place II from a joint venture limited liability company, of which it held a 58% controlling interest, into a tenancy-in-common ("TIC") undivided ownership interest of 58% in each property. Prior to July 16, 2014, the Company consolidated its investment in Country Place I and Country Place II and reported the remaining 42% ownership through "Noncontrolling interest in properties". The Company evaluated the ownership and control rights under the TIC structure and has determined that it would require deconsolidation and the adoption of the equity method of accounting for its interest in the TIC at carrying value. Accordingly, effective July 16, 2014, the Company recorded its investment in the properties under the equity method of accounting and deconsolidated Country Place I and Country Place II.


12


On November 14, 2014, the Company completed the sale of its TIC interests in Country Place I and Country Place II to an unaffiliated buyer. The combined sale price of $57,300,000 was subject to normal operating prorations and adjustments as provided for in the purchase and sale agreement. The Company sold its TIC interests in Country Place I and Country Place II in an exchange transaction under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code for Elan Redmond Town Center.

As of March 31, 2015, the Company's residual TIC interest is reflected on the Consolidated Balance Sheets in "Investments in unconsolidated multifamily entities" and the Company's share of net income is reflected in Consolidated Statements of Operations in "Equity in income of unconsolidated multifamily entities".

The summarized statement of assets, liabilities and members’ capital of NoMa JV and the TIC is as follows:
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
(unaudited)
 
(audited)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Multifamily apartment communities, net
$
119,584,745

 
$
120,777,674

Cash and cash equivalents
2,684,176

 
5,404,229

Other assets
1,131,677

 
1,425,062

Total assets
$
123,400,598

 
$
127,606,965

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND MEMBERS’ CAPITAL
 

 
 

Mortgage note payable
$
85,466,258

 
$
85,466,258

Other liabilities
799,418

 
850,590

Noncontrolling interest
3,701,033

 
4,123,182

Members’ capital
33,433,889

 
37,166,935

Total liabilities and members’ capital
$
123,400,598

 
$
127,606,965

 
 
 
 
Company’s share of members’ capital 
$
9,255,328

 
$
10,495,636

Basis differential (1)
$
1,581,664

 
$
1,598,660

Carrying value of the Company’s investment in unconsolidated limited liability companies (2)
$
10,836,992

 
$
12,094,296


(1)
This amount represents capitalized interest, net of amortization, pursuant to ASC 835-20, related to the Company's equity investment in NoMa JV. The capitalized interest was computed on the amounts borrowed by the Company to finance its investment in NoMa JV and was not an item required to be funded via a capital call.

(2)
Per the limited liability company agreement of NoMa JV, the Company's liability is limited to its investment in NoMa JV. The Company has fully funded its maximum obligation under the limited liability company agreement as of March 31, 2015 and has no commitment to make additional contributions to NoMa JV.

The Company evaluates the carrying value of its investments in unconsolidated limited liability companies for impairment periodically and records impairment charges when events or circumstances change indicating that other-than-temporary decline in the fair values below the carrying values has occurred.  No such other-than-temporary impairment charges have been recognized during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 or the year ended December 31, 2014.

13


The summarized statements of operations of NoMa JV and the TIC for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
 
Three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
3,226,117

 
$
2,381,898

Expenses
(2,931,313
)
 
(3,166,281
)
Noncontrolling interest
(27,851
)
 
78,429

Net income (loss) attributable to investment
$
266,953

 
$
(705,954
)
 
 
 
 
Equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated limited liability companies
$
93,025

 
$
(245,613
)
Amortization of basis
(16,996
)
 
(16,996
)
Adjusted equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated limited liability companies
$
76,029

 
$
(262,609
)

4.    MORTGAGE NOTES PAYABLE

On January 22, 2014, the Company, through its joint venture partnership for the development of the 322-unit multifamily apartment building in Dallas, Texas (the "Prestonwood Project"), entered into a loan agreement totaling up to $31,054,212 for the development. The loan has a variable interest rate of 2.50% above the 1-month LIBOR and matures on January 22, 2017. As of March 31, 2015, the outstanding balance on the loan was $21,082,493.

On July 23, 2014, the Company, through its joint venture partnership for the development of the 141-unit multifamily apartment building in Walnut Creek, California (the "Walnut Creek Project"), entered into a construction loan agreement totaling up to $44,500,000 for the development. The loan has a fixed interest rate of 5.31% and matures on August 1, 2024. As of March 31, 2015, the outstanding balance on the loan was $0.

On November 7, 2014, the Company obtained a promissory note in the amount of $225,554 to fund deposits required to close on the 2020 Lawrence loan modification. The Company repaid $193,554 after the loan modification was closed. The note has a fixed rate of 3.25% and initially matured on December 22, 2014, at which time the maturity date of the remaining balance of $32,000 on the note was extended to March 22, 2015 and subsequently extended to May 29, 2015. As of March 31, 2015, the outstanding balance on the note was $32,000.

On February 27, 2015, the Company closed on a $19,990,000 first mortgage and $12,250,000 second mortgage on Elan Redmond Town Center. The first mortgage has a fixed rate of 3.33%. The second mortgage has a variable rate of 1.99% above the 1-month LIBOR. Both first and second mortgages mature on March 1, 2022.

On March 2, 2015, simultaneously with the acquisition of Gatehouse 75, the Company closed on a $36,210,000 mortgage loan to acquire the property. The loan has a fixed rate component of $21,800,000 and a variable rate component of $14,410,000. The interest rate is 3.35% and 1.95% above the 1-month LIBOR for the fixed rate component and variable rate component, respectively. The loan matures on April 1, 2022.

The Company determines the fair value of the mortgage notes payable in accordance with authoritative guidance related to fair value measurement based on the discounted future cash flows at a discount rate that approximates the Company’s current effective borrowing rate for comparable loans (other observable inputs or Level 3 inputs, as defined by the authoritative guidance). For purposes of determining fair value, the Company groups its debt by similar maturity date for purposes of obtaining comparable loan information.  In addition, the Company also considers the loan-to-value percentage of individual loans to determine if further stratification of the loans is appropriate in the valuation model.  Under this approach, debt in excess of 80% loan-to-value is considered similar to mezzanine debt and is valued using a greater interest spread than the average debt pool.  Based on this analysis, the Company has determined that the fair value of the mortgage notes payable approximated $543,800,000 and $482,196,000 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

5.    REVOLVING CREDIT FACILITY - AFFILIATE

On June 30, 2005, the Company obtained financing in the form of a revolving credit facility. The revolving credit facility in the amount of $20,000,000 was provided by an affiliate of the Company (the "Credit Facility - Affiliate"). The Credit Facility - Affiliate was amended on May 31, 2007 to add additional terms to the Credit Facility - Affiliate ("Amendment No. 1"), on February

14


17, 2011 to add an amendment period with a temporary increase in the commitment amount to $40,000,000 ("Amendment No. 2"), and on May 24, 2011 to increase the commitment fee ("Amendment No. 3"). The Credit Facility - Affiliate provides for interest on borrowings at a rate of 5% above the 30-day LIBOR rate, as announced by Reuter's, and fees based on borrowings under the Credit Facility - Affiliate and various operational and financial covenants, including a maximum leverage ratio and a maximum debt service ratio. The agreement had a maturity date of December 31, 2006, with a one-time six-month extension available at the option of the Company. The terms of the Credit Facility - Affiliate were agreed upon through negotiations and were approved by the Audit Committee (which committee is comprised of our three directors who are independent under applicable rules and regulations of the SEC and the NYSE MKT LLC) ("Audit Committee"). Subsequent to its exercise of extension rights, the Company on May 31, 2007 executed Amendment No.1 that provides for an extension of the maturity date by replacing the then current maturity date of June 30, 2007 with a 60-day notice of termination provision by which the lender can affect a termination of the commitment under the agreement and render all outstanding amounts due and payable. Amendment No. 1 also added a clean-up requirement to the agreement, which requires the borrower to repay in full all outstanding loans and have no outstanding obligations under the agreement for a 14 consecutive day period during each 365-day period. The last 365-day clean-up period requirement was satisfied on July 9, 2013 and the Company has not borrowed from the Credit Facility - Affiliate subsequent to that date.

On February 17, 2011, the Company executed Amendment No. 2 which provides for a temporary modification of certain provisions of the Credit Facility - Affiliate during a period commencing with the date of execution and ending on July 31, 2012 (the "Amendment Period"), subject to extension. During the Amendment Period, certain provisions of the Credit Facility - Affiliate were modified and included: an increase in the amount of the commitment from $20,000,000 to $40,000,000; elimination of the leverage ratio covenant and clean-up requirement (each as defined in the Credit Facility - Affiliate agreement); and computation and payment of interest on a quarterly basis. At the conclusion of the Amendment Period, including extensions, the provisions modified pursuant to Amendment No. 2 reverted back to the provisions of the Credit Facility - Affiliate agreement prior to the Amendment Period.

On May 24, 2011, the Company executed Amendment No. 3 which limits the total commitment fee provided for in the agreement to be no greater than $400,000 in the aggregate.

On July 31, 2012, the provisions of the Amendment Period, as described above, expired as the Company did not exercise the extension provision to the Amendment Period of the Credit Facility - Affiliate, as provided for in Amendment No. 2. As a result, the specific provisions, which had been modified pursuant to Amendment No. 2, reverted back to the original provisions of the Credit Facility - Affiliate agreement prior to the Amendment Period.

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company did not borrow or repay any advances under the Credit Facility - Affiliate.  The Company did not pay any interest charges or commitment fees during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 or 2014. There was no outstanding balance under the Credit Facility - Affiliate as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014

6.    CREDIT FACILITY

On January 21, 2014, the Company, through the Operating Partnership, closed on a $90,000,000 line of credit (the "Credit Facility") with an unaffiliated lender. The Credit Facility provides for interest on borrowings at a rate of 3.75% above the 30-day LIBOR rate, as announced by Reuter's, and includes various operational and financial covenants, including a leverage ratio and a debt service ratio. The Credit Facility has a maturity date of January 21, 2017 and provides for a maximum commitment to the Company of $90,000,000 commencing with the date of execution through June 29, 2014; $75,000,000 from June 30, 2014 to September 29, 2014; $60,000,000 from September 30, 2014 to December 30, 2014; and $45,000,000 from December 31, 2014 to January 21, 2017. The Credit Facility provides for unused commitment fees of 0.50% per annum if the unused amount is equal to or greater than 50% of the applicable maximum commitment and 0.35% per annum if such unused amount is less than 50%.

On June 16, 2014, the Company amended the Credit Facility to extend the date on which the maximum commitment reduces to $75,000,000 from June 30, 2014 to August 30, 2014.

On February 22, 2015, the Company executed an amendment to the Credit Facility agreement which increased the maximum commitment on the Credit Facility from $45,000,000 to $60,000,000 through February 28, 2015, at which time the maximum commitment on the Credit Facility was reduced to $45,000,000.

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company borrowed $9,000,000 and $80,000,000, respectively, under the Credit Facility and repaid $31,000,000 and $0 of advances, respectively, during the same periods.  The Company incurred $368,008 and $323,841of interest expense, respectively, and $17,676 and $48,028 of unused commitment fee, respectively, during

15


the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014. There was $19,000,000 and $41,000,000 outstanding on the Credit Facility as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

The Company determines the fair value of the Credit Facility in accordance with authoritative guidance related to fair value measurement. Based on the fair value analysis using the same method as described in Note 4 - Mortgage Notes Payable, the Company has determined the fair value of the Credit Facility approximated the outstanding principal balance of the Credit Facility at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

7.    NOTE PAYABLE - AFFILIATE

On March 2, 2015, the Company entered into a promissory note agreement with an affiliate and borrowed $5,800,000 to fund the acquisition of Gatehouse 75. The promissory note has a variable interest rate of 5.00% above the 1-month LIBOR and matures on December 31, 2016. As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the outstanding balance on the promissory note was $5,800,000 and $0.

The Company determines the fair value of the "Note payable - affiliate" in accordance with authoritative guidance related to fair value measurement. Based on the fair value analysis using the same method as described in Note 4 - Mortgage Notes Payable, the Company has determined that the fair value of the "Note payable - affiliate" approximated the outstanding principal balance at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

8.    NOTE PAYABLE - OTHER

On June 12, 2012, Zocalo Community Development, Inc. ("Zocalo"), the managing member of the joint venture ("JV 2020 Lawrence") that the Operating Partnership formed with its subsidiary, BIR 2020 Lawrence, L.L.C. ("BIR 2020"), Zocalo and JB 2020, LLC, entered into a financing agreement with the State of Colorado, through the Colorado Energy Office, for $1,250,000 (the "Colorado Energy Loan") to be used for inclusion of energy efficient components in the construction of a mid-rise multifamily apartment building in Denver, Colorado (the "2020 Lawrence Project"). The Colorado Energy Loan has a term of 10 years and an interest rate of 5% per annum. The Colorado Energy Loan will mature on June 11, 2022. Zocalo has pledged all of its membership interests, both currently owned and subsequently acquired, in JV 2020 Lawrence as collateral for the Colorado Energy Loan. Pursuant to an authorizing resolution adopted by the members of JV 2020 Lawrence, Zocalo advanced the proceeds of the Colorado Energy Loan, as received from time to time, to JV 2020 Lawrence for application to the 2020 Lawrence Project. Such advances to JV 2020 Lawrence will not be considered contributions of capital to JV 2020 Lawrence. Also, Zocalo is authorized and directed to cause JV 2020 Lawrence to repay such advances, including principal and interest, made by Zocalo at such times as required by the Colorado Energy Loan. Any payments pursuant to the authorizing resolution shall be payable only from surplus cash of the 2020 Lawrence Project as defined by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development ("HUD") in the governing regulatory agreement of the primary financing on the project as described above. If surplus cash is not available to satisfy Zocalo's payment obligations under the Colorado Energy Loan, then either Zocalo or BIR 2020 may issue a funding notice, pursuant to the JV 2020 Lawrence limited liability company agreement, for payment obligation amounts due and payable. As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the outstanding balance on the Colorado Energy Loan was $1,250,000.

The Company determines the fair value of the "Note payable - other" in accordance with authoritative guidance related to fair value measurement. Based on the fair value analysis using the same method as described in Note 4 - Mortgage Notes Payable, the Company has determined that the fair value of the "Note payable - other" approximated $1,362,000 and $1,374,000 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

9.    EQUITY / DEFICIT

On March 25, 2003, the Board of Directors (“Board”) declared a dividend at an annual rate of 9%, on the stated liquidation preference of $25 per share of the outstanding 9% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock ("Preferred Shares") which is payable quarterly in arrears, on February 15, May 15, August 15, and November 15 of each year to shareholders of record in the amount of $0.5625 per share per quarter.  For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company’s aggregate dividends on the Preferred Shares totaled $1,675,193 and $1,675,194, respectively, of which $837,607 was payable and included on the Consolidated Balance Sheets in "Dividends and distributions payable" as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

On January 16, 2014, the Board authorized the general partner of the Operating Partnership to make a special distribution of $20,000,000 from proceeds of the supplemental loan on Seasons of Laurel, which closed in December 2013, and the refinancing of Berkshires of Columbia, which closed in January 2014, to the common general and noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership, which was paid on January 17, 2014. Also on January 16, 2014, the Board declared a common dividend of $0.339924 per share on the Company's Class B common stock in respect to the special distribution to the common general partner. Concurrently

16


with the Operating Partnership distributions, the common dividend was paid from the special distribution proceeds of the common general partner on January 17, 2014.

For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company's aggregate dividends on the Class B common stock totaled $0 and $478,000, respectively. There were no dividends payable to the Class B common stockholders as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company made tax payments of $0 and $56,900, respectively, on behalf of the noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership as required by the taxing authorities of the jurisdictions in which the Company owns and operates properties. The payments were treated as distributions attributable to the noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership and are reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity (Deficit).

For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company's aggregate distribution to noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership totaled $625,300 and $19,578,900, respectively. Distributions payable to the noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were $625,300 and $0, respectively.

The Company’s policy to provide for common distributions is based on available cash and Board approval.

10.    EARNINGS PER SHARE

Net income (loss) available to common shareholders per common share, basic and diluted, is computed as net income (loss) available to common shareholders divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the applicable period, basic and diluted.

The reconciliation of the basic and diluted earnings per common share ("EPS") for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 follows:
 
Three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Net loss from continuing operations
$
(4,229,029
)
 
$
(3,269,564
)
Adjust:
Net (income) loss from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interest in properties
16,736

 
(64,984
)
 
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership
5,746,772

 
4,890,009

 
Preferred dividends
(1,675,193
)
 
(1,675,194
)
Loss from continuing operations attributable to the Company
$
(140,714
)
 
$
(119,733
)
 
 
 
 
Net loss from discontinued operations
$

 
$
(114,216
)
Adjust:
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to noncontrolling interest in properties

 
148

 
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership

 
111,342

Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to the Company
$

 
$
(2,726
)
 
 
 
 
Net loss available to common shareholders
$
(140,714
)
 
$
(122,459
)
 
 
 
 
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to the Company per common share, basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.09
)
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to the Company per common share, basic and diluted
$

 
$

Net loss available to common shareholders per common share, basic and diluted
$
(0.10
)
 
$
(0.09
)
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and diluted
1,406,196

 
1,406,196

 
 
 
 
 
Dividend declared per common share
$

 
$
0.339924


For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company did not have any common stock equivalents; therefore basic and dilutive earnings per share were the same.


17


During 2014, the Company identified an error in the calculation of EPS from net income (loss) from continuing operations and EPS from net income (loss) from discontinued operations, in its previously reported financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 and the related quarters including the quarter ended March 31, 2014.  This error was a result of incorrectly adjusting net income (loss) when calculating EPS from net income (loss) from continuing operations by the improper noncontrolling interest amount and not adjusting EPS from net income (loss) from discontinued operations by the proper noncontrolling interest amount. As noncontrolling interest related to both continuing and discontinued operations, the noncontrolling interest balance should have been allocated appropriately to continuing and discontinued operations. The Company has determined that this presentation error was not material to any prior periods as filed.  The previously issued financial statements have been revised to correct for this error. There was no impact on EPS from net income (loss) available to common shareholders.

The table below shows as previously reported and as revised EPS for the three-month period ended March 31, 2014:
 
Three months ended March 31, 2014
 
As previously reported
 
As revised
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to the Company per common share, basic and diluted
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.09
)
Net loss from discontinued operations attributable to the Company per common share, basic and diluted
$
(0.08
)
 
$

Net loss available to common shareholders per common share, basic and diluted
$
(0.09
)
 
$
(0.09
)

11.
FUTURE MINIMUM RENT

Some of the Company’s properties have long term non-cancelable operating leases.  Minimum contractual lease payments receivable (excluding tenant reimbursement of expenses) under long term non‑cancelable operating leases, in effect as of March 31, 2015 are as follows:
2015
$
185,457

2016
315,467

2017
358,535

2018
375,282

2019
303,622

Thereafter
2,511,620

 
$
4,049,983


12.     COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company is party to certain legal actions arising in the ordinary course of its business, such as those relating to tenant issues.  All such proceedings taken together are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company.  While the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that the final outcome of such legal proceedings and claims will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity, financial position or results of operations.

The Company has commitments to two joint venture multifamily development projects as of March 31, 2015. The Walnut Creek Project is a 141-unit multifamily apartment development project located in Walnut Creek, California. The Company will own a 98% interest in the project once fully invested and its current commitment in the joint venture is approximately $26.9 million. As of March 31, 2015, the Company has made capital contributions totaling approximately $18.7 million. The Company consolidates its investment in the Walnut Creek Project.

The Prestonwood Project is a 322-unit multifamily apartment development project located in Dallas, Texas. The Company has a 95% interest in the joint venture and has made a commitment to invest $12.6 million in the project. The Company has no obligation to fund capital to the Prestonwood Project in excess of its commitment of capital of $12.6 million. As of March 31, 2015, the Company has invested 100% of its total committed capital amount. The Company consolidates its investment in the Prestonwood Project.

In connection with mortgage financings collateralized by the Standard at Lenox Park, Berkshires at Town Center and Sunfield Lake properties, the Operating Partnership agreed to guarantee approximately $11.7 million of mortgage debt, at origination, related to its obligation to achieve certain revenue targets at the properties. On March 19, 2015, the guarantee in the amount of $3 million on Berkshires at Town Center was released. In connection with the construction loan financing collateralized by the

18


Walnut Creek Project, the Operating Partnership agreed to guarantee approximately $44.5 million, at origination, of construction loan debt. Additionally, the Company has guaranteed payment of the obligation under the Credit Facility, in full, when due at maturity or otherwise.

13.    DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

The Company utilizes interest rate caps to add stability to interest expense, to manage our exposure to interest rate movements and as required by our lenders when entering into variable interest mortgage debt. Interest rate caps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable-rate amounts if interest rates rise above a certain level in exchange for an upfront premium.

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2014, the Company acquired an interest rate cap related to its investment in Berkshires of Columbia for $258,990. The derivative instrument was obtained as a requirement by the lender under the terms of the financing and limits increases in interest costs of the variable rate debt. The interest rate cap limits that interest exposure on the variable rate mortgage to 4.25% of the total mortgage amount of $44,000,000. The instrument matures on February 1, 2018. The Company has determined that the significant inputs used in the valuation model are observable in active markets, therefore, the Company considers the interest rate cap value of $23,937 and $50,224 as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, as level 2 classifications within the fair value hierarchy. The value of the interest rate cap is included in "Prepaid expenses and other assets".

14.    NONCONTROLLING INTEREST IN PROPERTIES

Four of the Company's properties, Berkshires of Columbia, 2020 Lawrence, Walnut Creek and Aura Prestonwood, are owned in joint ventures with third parties as of March 31, 2015. The Company owns interests of 91.38% in Berkshires of Columbia, 91.08% in 2020 Lawrence, 95.00% in Aura Prestonwood and will own a 98.00% interest in Walnut Creek once fully invested.

On July 16, 2014, the Company converted its ownership in Country Place I and Country Place II from a joint venture limited liability company, of which it held a 58% controlling interest, into a TIC undivided ownership interest of 58% in each property. As a result, the Company discontinued the use of the consolidation method of accounting for its investment in the joint venture and adopted the equity method of accounting for its ownership interest in the properties prospectively. Such deconsolidation resulted in the removal of the 42% noncontrolling interest in properties for Country Place I and Country Place II. Please refer to Note 3 - Investments in Unconsolidated Multifamily Entities for additional information on the transaction.

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company received $0 and $619,093, respectively, of contributions from noncontrolling interest holders in properties.

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, distributions of $16,104 and $947,980, respectively, were made to the noncontrolling interest holders in properties. There were no distributions payable to noncontrolling interest holders in properties as of March 31, 2015 or December 31, 2014.

15.    NONCONTROLLING INTEREST IN OPERATING PARTNERSHIP

The following table sets forth the calculation of net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
Three months ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
Net loss
$
(4,229,029
)
 
$
(3,383,780
)
Adjust:
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in properties
16,736

 
(64,836
)
Loss before noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership
(4,212,293
)
 
(3,448,616
)
Preferred dividend
(1,675,193
)
 
(1,675,194
)
Loss available to common equity
(5,887,486
)
 
(5,123,810
)
Noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership
97.61
%
 
97.61
%
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership
$
(5,746,772
)
 
$
(5,001,351
)


19


The following table sets forth a summary of the items affecting the noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership:
 
For the three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Balance at beginning of period
$
(19,217,779
)
 
$
(102,297,937
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership
(5,746,772
)
 
(5,001,351
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership
(625,300
)
 
(19,578,900
)
Balance at end of period
$
(25,589,851
)
 
$
(126,878,188
)

As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership consisted of 5,242,223 Operating Partnership units held by parties other than the Company.

16.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Amounts accrued or paid to the Company’s affiliates are as follows:
 
Three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Property management fees
$
720,666

 
$
785,785

Expense reimbursements
119,428

 
60,135

Salary reimbursements
1,871,321

 
2,170,753

Asset management fees
402,155

 
407,913

Incentive advisory fee
338,605

 
264,045

Acquisition fees
541,250

 
1,200,000

Construction management fees
142,278

 
5,844

Development fees
49,313

 
97,551

Interest
24,673

 

Total
$
4,209,689

 
$
4,992,026


Amounts due to affiliates of $3,148,517 and $3,085,668 are included in “Due to affiliates, net” at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, and represent intercompany development fees, expense reimbursements, asset management fees and shared services, which consist of amounts due to affiliates of $5,264,543 and $5,146,525 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, and amounts due from affiliates of $2,116,026 and $2,060,857 at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

The Company pays property management fees to an affiliate, Berkshire Advisor, for property management services.  The fees are payable at a rate of 4% of gross income, except Aura Prestonwood, which are payable at a rate of 2.75% of gross income. The Company incurred $720,666 and $785,785 of property management fees in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

The Company also reimburses Berkshire Advisor for administrative services for our operation, including property management, legal, accounting, data processing, transfer agent and other necessary services. Under the terms of the Advisory Services Agreement, the Company reimburses Berkshire Advisor for actual property employee salary and benefit expenses incurred in the operation of the properties under management. Additionally, Berkshire Advisor allocates a portion of its corporate level personnel and overhead expense to the Company on the basis of an employee's time spent on duties and activities performed on behalf of the Company. Expense reimbursements paid were $119,428 and $60,135 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Salary reimbursements paid were $1,871,321 and $2,170,753 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

The Company pays Berkshire Advisor a fixed annual asset management fee equal to 0.40%, up to a maximum of $1,600,000 in any calendar year, of the purchase price of real estate properties owned by the Company, as adjusted from time to time to reflect the then current fair value of the properties.  Annual asset management fees earned by the affiliate in excess of the $1,600,000 maximum payable by the Company represent fees attributable to and paid by the noncontrolling partners in the properties.  As

20


discussed below, in addition to the fixed fee, effective January 1, 2010, the Company may also pay Berkshire Advisor an incentive advisory fee based on increases in value of the Company that would not be subject to the $1,600,000 maximum.  

On November 12, 2009, the Audit Committee of the Company approved an amendment to the advisory services agreement with Berkshire Advisor which included an incentive advisory fee component to the existing asset management fees payable to Berkshire Advisor (the "Advisory Services Amendment") pursuant to Berkshire Advisor's Supplemental Long Term Incentive Plan (the "Supplemental Plan"). The Advisory Services Amendment became effective January 1, 2010 and provides for an incentive advisory fee based on the increase in fair value of the Company, as calculated and approved by management, over the base value ("Base Value").  The Company accrues incentive advisory fees payable to Berkshire Advisor at 10%, which can be increased to 12% from time to time, based on the increase in fair value of the Company above the Base Value established by the Advisor.  On May 12, 2014, the Audit Committee of the Company approved an amendment to the Supplemental Plan which allows reissuance of previously forfeited or settled carried interests. The Company has recorded $338,605 and $264,045 of incentive advisory fees during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the accrued liability of $13,868,578 and $13,698,562, respectively, was included in "Due to affiliate, incentive advisory fees" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.  Payments from the Company to Berkshire Advisor approximate the amounts Berkshire Advisor pays to its employees. Payments to employees by Berkshire Advisor pursuant to the Supplemental Plan are generally paid over a four-year period in quarterly installments. Additional limits have been placed on the total amount of payments that can be made by the Company in any given year, with interest accruing at the rate of 7% on any payments due but not yet paid.  The Company made $168,589 and $146,103 of incentive advisory fee payments during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

The Company pays acquisition fees to an affiliate, Berkshire Advisor, for acquisition services.  These fees are payable upon the closing of an acquisition of real property.  The fee is equal to 1% of the purchase price of any new property acquired directly or indirectly by the Company.  The purchase price is defined as the capitalized basis of an asset under GAAP, including renovations or new construction costs, or other items paid or received that would be considered an adjustment to basis.  The purchase price does not include acquisition fees and capital costs of a recurring nature.  During the three-month period ended March 31, 2015, the Company paid an acquisition fee of $541,250 on the acquisition of Gatehouse 75. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2014, the Company paid acquisition fees of $560,000 and $640,000 on the acquisitions of Pavilion Townplace and EON at Lindbergh, respectively.

The Company pays a construction management fee to an affiliate, Berkshire Advisor, for services related to the management and oversight of renovation and rehabilitation projects at its properties.  The Company paid or accrued $142,278 and $5,844 in construction management fees for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.  The fees are capitalized as part of the project cost in the year they are incurred.

The Company pays development fees to an affiliate, Berkshire Residential Development, L.L.C. ("BRD"), for property development services.  The fees were based on the project’s development and construction costs. During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred $49,313 and $97,551, respectively, on the Walnut Creek Project and the Prestonwood Project. The Company did not incur any development fees on the NoMa Project to BRD for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014.

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company did not borrow under the Credit Facility - Affiliate or repay any advances, respectively, during the same periods.  The Company did not pay any interest expenses or commitment fees during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 or 2014. There was no outstanding balance under the Credit Facility - Affiliate as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.  

On March 2, 2015, the Company entered into a promissory note agreement with an affiliate and borrowed $5,800,000 to fund the acquisition of Gatehouse 75. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2015, the Company incurred interest of $24,673.

Related party arrangements are approved by the independent directors of the Company and are evidenced by a written agreement between the Company and the affiliated entity providing the services.

17.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
The Company is party to certain legal actions arising in the ordinary course of its business, such as those relating to tenant issues.  All such proceedings taken together are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company.  While the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that the final outcome of such legal proceedings and claims will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity, financial position or results of operations. The Company is not aware of any proceedings contemplated by governmental authorities.

21


18.    PROFORMA CONDENSED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

As discussed in Note 1 - Organization and Basis of Presentation, during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015, the Company acquired Gatehouse 75, which was deemed not to be individually significant in accordance with Regulation S-X, Rule 3-14 “Special Instructions for Real Estate Operations to be Acquired” ("Rule 3-14"). During the three-month period ended March 31, 2014, the Company acquired Pavilion Townplace and EON at Lindbergh, which were deemed to be individually significant in accordance with Rule 3-14. During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company acquired Elan Redmond, which was not deemed to be individually significant in accordance with Rule 3-14.

The proforma financial information set forth below is based upon the Company's historical Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, adjusted to give effect to the transactions at the beginning of each of the periods presented.

The proforma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and may not be indicative of what actual results of operations would have been had the transaction occurred at the beginning of each year, nor does it attempt to represent the results of operations for future periods.
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Revenue from rental property
$
19,250,744

 
$
24,297,435

Net loss
$
(3,561,673
)
 
$
(4,008,889
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders
$
526,642

 
$
(747,568
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders, per common share, basic and diluted
$
0.37

 
$
(0.53
)

Included in the consolidated statements of operations for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are total revenue of $3,918,465 and $320,573, respectively, and net loss of $(1,739,667) and $(1,167,703), respectively, since the respective dates of acquisition through March 31, 2015 and 2014 for Pavilion Townplace, EON at Lindbergh, Elan Redmond Town Center and Gatehouse 75.

19.    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

The Company has no reportable subsequent events.




22


Item 2. 
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS OF BERKSHIRE INCOME REALTY, INC.

You should read the following discussion in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements of Berkshire Income Realty, Inc. (the “Company”) and the related notes and other financial information included in this report. For further information please refer to the Company’s consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.

Forward Looking Statements

The statements contained in this report, including information with respect to our future business plans, constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).  For this purpose, any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements, subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ significantly from those described in this report.  These forward-looking statements include statements regarding, among other things, our business strategy and operations, future expansion plans, future prospects, financial position, anticipated revenues or losses and projected costs, and objectives of management.  Without limiting the foregoing, the words “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of such terms and other comparable terminology are intended to identify forward-looking statements.  There are a number of important factors that could cause our results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements.  These factors include, but are not limited to, changes in economic conditions generally and the real estate and bond markets specifically, legislative/regulatory changes (including changes to laws governing the taxation of real estate investment trusts (“REITs”)), possible sales or acquisitions of assets, the acquisition restrictions placed on the Company by an affiliated entity Berkshire Multifamily Value Plus Fund III, LP (“BVF III”), availability of capital, interest rates and interest rate spreads, changes in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") and policies and guidelines applicable to REITs, those factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A - Risk Factors of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and other risks and uncertainties as may be detailed from time to time in our public announcements and our reports filed with the SEC.

The foregoing risks are not exhaustive.  Other sections of this report may include additional factors that could adversely affect our business and financial performance.  Moreover, the Company operates in a competitive and rapidly changing environment.  New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such risks factors, nor can it assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.  Given these risks and uncertainties, undue reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements as a prediction of actual results.

As used herein, the terms “we”, “us” or the “Company” refer to Berkshire Income Realty, Inc., a Maryland corporation, incorporated on July 19, 2002.  The Company is in the business of acquiring, owning, operating, developing and renovating multifamily apartment communities.  Berkshire Property Advisors, L.L.C. (“Berkshire Advisor” or “Advisor”) is an affiliated entity we have contracted with to make decisions relating to the day-to-day management and operation of our business, subject to the oversight of the Company’s Board of Directors ("Board").  Refer to Part III, Item 13 - Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence and Part IV, Item 15 - Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, Note 16 - Related Party Transactions of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, as filed with the SEC, for additional information about the Advisor.

Overview

The Company is engaged primarily in the acquisition, ownership, operation, development and rehabilitation of multifamily apartment communities in the Baltimore/Washington D.C., Southeast, Southwest, Western and Northwest areas of the United States. We conduct substantially all of our business and own, either directly or through subsidiaries, substantially all of our assets through Berkshire Income Realty-OP, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (the "Operating Partnership").  The Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, BIR GP, L.L.C., a Delaware limited liability company, is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership.

As of May 14, 2015, the Company owns 100% of the preferred limited partner units of the Operating Partnership, whose terms mirror the terms of the Company’s Series A 9% Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock and, through BIR GP, L.L.C., owns 100% of the general partner interest of the Operating Partnership, which represents approximately 2.39% of the common economic interest of the Operating Partnership.


23


Our general and limited partner interests in the Operating Partnership entitle us to share in cash distributions from, and in the profits and losses of, the Operating Partnership in proportion to our percentage interest therein. The other partners of the Operating Partnership are affiliates who contributed their direct or indirect interests in certain properties to the Operating Partnership in exchange for common units of limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership.

Our highlights of the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 included the following:

On January 22, 2015, the Company executed an amendment to the credit facility agreement with an unaffiliated lender ("Credit Facility") (refer to Note 6 - Credit Facility of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements on page 15 for further discussion) which increased the maximum commitment on the Credit Facility from $45,000,000 to $60,000,000 through February 28, 2015, at which time the maximum commitment on the Credit Facility was reduced to $45,000,000.

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2015, the Company borrowed $9,000,000 from and repaid $31,000,000 to the Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2015, the Credit Facility has a maximum commitment of $45,000,000.

On February 27, 2015, the Company closed on a $19,990,000 first mortgage and $12,250,000 second mortgage on Elan Redmond Town Center. The first mortgage has a fixed rate of 3.33%. The second mortgage has a variable rate of 1.99% above the 1-month London Inter-Bank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"). Both first and second mortgages mature on March 1, 2022.

On March 2, 2015, the Company, through its subsidiary, BIR Gatehouse, L.L.C., completed the acquisition of Gatehouse 75, a 99-unit multifamily apartment community located in Boston, Massachusetts. The seller was an unaffiliated third party. The purchase price for Gatehouse 75 was $54,125,000 and was subject to normal operating prorations and adjustments as provided for in the purchase and sale agreement. Simultaneously with the acquisition, the Company closed on a $36,210,000 mortgage loan to acquire the property. The loan has a fixed rate component of $21,800,000 and a variable rate component of $14,410,000. The interest rate is 3.35% and 1.95% above the 1-month LIBOR for the fixed rate component and variable rate component, respectively. The loan matures on April 1, 2022.

Also on March 2, 2015, the Company entered into a promissory note agreement with an affiliate and borrowed $5,800,000 to fund the acquisition of Gatehouse 75. The promissory note has a variable rate of 5% above the 1-month LIBOR and matures on December 31, 2016.

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2015, the Company received distributions from operations of $1,333,333 from its investment in BIR/BVF-II NoMa JV, L.L.C. ("NoMa JV").

General

The Company detailed a number of significant trends and specific factors affecting the real estate industry in general and the Company’s business in particular in Part II, Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The Company believes those trends and factors continue to be relevant to the Company’s performance and financial condition.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and Cash Flows

As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the Company had approximately $12,922,000 and $4,370,000 of cash and cash equivalents, respectively.  Cash provided and used by the Company for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 are as follows:
 
Three months ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Cash provided by operating activities
$
6,155,959

 
$
4,136,393

Cash used in investing activities
(54,111,729
)
 
(65,476,733
)
Cash provided by financing activities
56,508,335

 
60,306,178


During the three-month period ended March 31, 2015, cash increased by approximately $8,553,000.  


24


The Company's net cash flow from operating activities for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 increased by $2,020,000 from the same period in 2014 primarily due to $1,647,000 increase in cash attributable to changes in working capital and $1,297,000 of lower interest expense, partially offset by $778,000 lower Net Operating Income ("NOI") (see page 30 for more detail).

The Company's net cash used in investing activities for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 decreased by $11,365,000 from the comparable period in 2014 primarily due to $11,921,000 returned from the restricted cash held in escrow for 1031 exchange in 2015 as compared to $0 in 2014, and $54,021,000 used for acquisition of Gatehouse 75 in 2015 as compared to $60,611,000 used for acquisitions of Pavilion Townplace, EON at Lindbergh and Aura Prestonwood in 2014. The decrease was partially offset by capital expenditure of $11,944,000 spent during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 as compared to $5,304,000 spent during the comparable period in 2014.

The Company's net cash from financing activities for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 decreased by $3,798,000 from the same period in 2014, primarily due to net cash outflow to the Credit Facility of $22,000,000 in 2015 as compared to net borrowing from the Credit Facility of $80,000,000 in 2014. The decrease was offset by net cash borrowing from mortgage notes of $74,850,000 in the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 as compared to $5,340,000 in the same period of 2014 and aggregate distributions of $16,000 made during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 as compared to $21,005,000 made during the three-month period ended March 31, 2014.

The Company's principal liquidity demands are expected to be distributions to our preferred and common shareholders and Operating Partnership unitholders based on availability of cash and approval of the Board, capital improvements, rehabilitation projects and repairs and maintenance for the properties, debt repayment, ongoing development projects and acquisition and development of additional properties within the investment restrictions placed on it by BVF III.

The Company intends to meet its short-term liquidity requirements through net cash flows provided by operating activities and advances from the credit facilities. The Company considers its ability to generate cash to be adequate to meet all operating requirements and make distributions to its preferred stockholders in accordance with the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, applicable to REITs. Funds required to make distributions to our preferred shareholders that are not provided by operating activities will be supplemented by property debt financing and refinancing activities, property sales and advances on the credit facilities. Funds required to make distributions to common shareholders and Operating Partnership unitholders are funded by operating, sales and refinancing proceeds.

The Company intends to meet its long-term liquidity requirements through property sales, property debt financing and refinancing, noting that possible interest rate increases could negatively impact the Company's ability to refinance existing debt at acceptable rates. As of March 31, 2015, approximately $132,847,000 of principal, or 26.0% of the Company’s outstanding mortgage debt, is due to be repaid by December 31, 2017.  During that period, principal of $32,000, $60,748,000 and $58,322,000 relates to loans that are due to mature and be repaid in full in 2015, 2016 and 2017, respectively.  All other payments of principal during the three-year period are normal recurring monthly payments in accordance with the loan amortization schedules.  The Company expects to fund any maturing mortgages through refinancing of such mortgages or through the sale of the related properties. Additionally, the Company may seek to expand its purchasing power through the use of joint venture relationships with other companies with liquidity.

As of March 31, 2015, the Company has fixed interest rate mortgage financing on all properties in the portfolio with the exception of Berkshires of Columbia, Aura Prestonwood, Elan Redmond Town Center and Gatehouse 75, which have variable interest rate debt. The construction loan of Walnut Creek has no outstanding balance as of March 31, 2015.

On June 12, 2012, Zocalo Community Development, Inc. ("Zocalo"), the managing member of the joint venture ("JV 2020 Lawrence") of the Operating Partnership's subsidiary, BIR 2020 Lawrence, L.L.C. ("BIR 2020") with Zocalo and JB 2020, LLC, entered into a financing agreement with the State of Colorado, through the Colorado Energy Office, for $1,250,000 (the "Colorado Energy Loan") to be used for inclusion of energy efficient components in the construction of JV 2020 Lawrence's multifamily apartment building (the "2020 Lawrence Project"). Zocalo has pledged all of its membership interests, both currently owned and subsequently acquired, in JV 2020 Lawrence as collateral for the Colorado Energy Loan. Pursuant to an authorizing resolution adopted by the members of JV 2020 Lawrence, Zocalo will advance the proceeds of the Colorado Energy Loan, as received from time to time, to JV 2020 Lawrence for application to the 2020 Lawrence Project. Such advances to JV 2020 Lawrence will not be considered contributions of capital to JV 2020 Lawrence. Also, Zocalo is authorized and directed to cause JV 2020 Lawrence to repay such advances, including principal and interest, made by Zocalo at such times as required by the Colorado Energy Loan. Any payments pursuant to the authorizing resolution shall be payable only from surplus cash of the 2020 Lawrence Project as defined by U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development ("HUD") in the governing regulatory agreement of the primary financing on the project as describe above. If surplus cash is not available to satisfy Zocalo's payment obligations under the

25


Colorado Energy Loan, then either Zocalo or BIR 2020 may issue a funding notice, pursuant to the JV 2020 Lawrence limited liability company agreement, for payment obligation amounts due and payable.

The Company has a $20,000,000 revolving credit facility in place with an affiliate of the Company ("Credit Facility - Affiliate").  The Credit Facility - Affiliate does not have a stated maturity date but is subject to a 60-day notice of termination provision by which the lender can affect a termination of the commitment. As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, there were no outstanding balances on the Credit Facility - Affiliate.

The Company has a Credit Facility with an unaffiliated lender, which has a maximum commitment of $45,000,000 as of March 31, 2015. The Credit Facility is used to facilitate property acquisitions and to fund the development activities of the Company. As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, there was $19,000,000 and $41,000,000 outstanding on the Credit Facility, respectively.

Capital Expenditures

The Company paid $330,598 and $543,660 in recurring capital expenditures during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Recurring capital expenditures typically include items such as appliances, carpeting, flooring, HVAC equipment, kitchen and bath cabinets, site improvements and various exterior building improvements.

The Company paid $11,613,498 and $4,760,159 in renovation-related and development capital expenditures during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Renovation-related capital expenditures generally include capital expenditures of a significant non-recurring nature, including construction management fees payable to an affiliate of the Company, where the Company expects to see a financial return on the expenditure or where the Company believes the expenditure preserves the status of a property within its submarket. Costs directly associated with the development of properties are capitalized. Additionally, the Company capitalizes interest, real estate taxes, insurance and project management/development fees. Management uses judgment to determine when a development project commences and capitalization begins and when a development project is substantially complete and capitalization ceases. Generally, most capitalization begins during the pre-construction period, defined as activities that are necessary to start the development of the property. A development is generally considered substantially complete after major construction has ended and the property is available for occupancy. For properties that are built in phases, capitalization generally ceases on each phase when it is considered substantially complete and ready for use. Costs will continue to be capitalized only on those phases under development.

On December 12, 2011, the Company executed a limited liability company agreement with an unrelated entity related to the Walnut Creek Project, a 141-unit multifamily apartment development project located in Walnut Creek, California, which is currently in development. Once fully invested, the Company's ownership percentage will be 98%. As of March 31, 2015, the project development costs incurred were approximately $21.7 million, of the total budgeted costs of approximately $68.6 million. Total capital currently committed to the project is approximately $26.9 million. As of March 31, 2015, the Company has made capital contributions of approximately $18.7 million, or 69.5% of its current total commitment. Construction on the Walnut Creek Project began in July 2014. The Company consolidates its investment in the Walnut Creek Project.

On January 22, 2014, the Company executed a joint venture limited liability company agreement with an unrelated entity related to the Prestonwood Project, a 322-unit multifamily apartment development project located in Dallas, Texas. The Company's ownership percentage in the project is 95%. As of March 31, 2015, the project development costs incurred were approximately $38.0 million, of the total budgeted costs of approximately $44.4 million. Total capital committed to the joint venture is $12.6 million and is fully funded as of March 31, 2015. The construction began in the first quarter of 2014. The Company consolidates its investment in the Prestonwood Project.

The following table presents a summary of the development projects, in which the Company holds direct or indirect fee simple interests:
Development Projects
 
Anticipated Total # of Units
 
Anticipated Average Apt Size (Sq Ft)
 
Anticipated Rentable Building Size
(Sq Ft)
(1)
 
Budgeted Costs (in millions)
 
Costs Incurred
to-date
March 31, 2015 (in millions)
 
Anticipated Completion Date
Walnut Creek
 
141

 
846

 
138,370

 
68.6

 
21.7

 
Q3 2016
Aura Prestonwood
 
322

 
837

 
269,370

 
44.4

 
38.0

 
Q4 2015 (2)
Total / Average
 
463

 
842

 
407,740

 
$
113.0

 
$
59.7

 
 


26


(1)
Includes retail space of 19,017 sq ft at the Walnut Creek Project.

(2)
The Prestonwood Project received temporary certificates of occupancy for 88 of the 322 units from City of Dallas during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.

Pursuant to terms of the mortgage debt on certain properties in the Company's portfolio, lenders require the Company to fund repair or replacement escrow accounts. The funds in the escrow accounts are disbursed to the Company upon completion of the required repairs or renovations activities. The Company is required to provide the lender with documentation evidencing the completion of the repairs, which in some cases, are subject to inspection by the lender.

The Company's capital budgets for 2015 anticipate spending approximately $12,358,000 for ongoing capital needs.  As of March 31, 2015, the Company has committed to multi-year rehabilitation projects at Seasons of Laurel and Standard at Lenox Park. Both projects include the replacement of exterior siding while the Seasons of Laurel project also includes interior unit updates. The 2015 anticipated spending includes the portion of each project's costs scheduled to be completed by December 31, 2015.

Discussion of acquisitions for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015

On March 2, 2015, the Company, through its subsidiary, BIR Gatehouse, L.L.C., completed the acquisition of Gatehouse 75, a 99-unit multifamily apartment community located in Boston, Massachusetts. The seller was an unaffiliated third party. The purchase price for Gatehouse 75 was $54,125,000 and was subject to normal operating prorations and adjustments as provided for in the purchase and sale agreement. The Company has acquired Gatehouse 75 as a replacement property in an exchange transaction under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code for Yorktowne, which was sold in 2014.

Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 805-10 requires that identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recorded at fair value as of the acquisition date. As of the acquisition date, the amounts recognized for each major class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed was as follows:
 
 
Gatehouse 75
Asset acquired:
 
 
Multifamily apartment communities
 
$
53,485,875

Acquired in-place leases and tenant relationships
 
639,125

Total assets acquired
 
$
54,125,000

 
 
 
Liabilities assumed:
 
 
Accrued expenses
 
$
24,248

Tenant security deposit liability
 
80,082

Total liabilities assumed
 
$
104,330


Discussion of dispositions for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015

The Company did not dispose of any properties during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.

Declaration of Dividends and Distributions

On March 25, 2003, the Board declared a dividend at an annual rate of 9% on the stated liquidation preference of $25 per share of the outstanding Preferred Shares which is payable quarterly in arrears, on February 15, May 15, August 15, and November 15 of each year to shareholders of record in the amount of $0.5625 per share, per quarter.  For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company’s aggregate dividends on the Preferred Shares totaled $1,675,193 and $1,675,194, respectively, of which $837,607 was payable and included on the Consolidated Balance Sheets in "Dividends and distributions payable" as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

On January 16, 2014, the Board authorized the general partner of the Operating Partnership to make a special distribution of $20,000,000 from proceeds of the supplemental loan on Seasons of Laurel and the refinancing of Berkshires of Columbia to the common general and noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership, which was paid on January 17, 2014. Also on January 16, 2014, the Board declared a common dividend of $0.339924 per share on the Company's Class B common stock in

27


respect to the special distribution to the common general partner. Concurrently with the Operating Partnership distributions, the common dividend was paid from the special distribution proceeds to the common general partner on January 17, 2014.

For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company’s aggregate dividends on the Class B common stock totaled $0 and $478,000, respectively. There were no dividends payable to the Class B common stockholders as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company made tax payments of $0 and $56,900, respectively, on behalf of the noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership as required by the taxing authorities of the jurisdictions in which the Company owns and operates properties. The payments were treated as distributions attributable to the noncontrolling interest in Operating Partnership and are reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Deficit.

For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company’s aggregate distributions to noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership totaled $625,300 and $19,578,900, respectively. Distributions payable to the noncontrolling interest partners in Operating Partnership as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were $625,300 and $0, respectively.

During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, the Company's aggregate distributions to the noncontrolling interest holders in properties totaled $16,104 and $947,980, respectively. There were no distributions payable to the noncontrolling holders in properties as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

The Company’s policy to provide for common distributions is based on available cash and Board approval.

Leasing Activities

The table below presents leasing activities information which includes the volume of new and renewed leases with average rents for each and the impact of rent concessions for all properties, including those acquired or disposed of during the period.
 
 
Three months ended
 
Three months ended
 
 
March 31, 2015
 
March 31, 2014
 
 
# of Units
Average Apt Size
(Sq Ft)
Average Monthly Rent Rate
per Apt
Impact of Average Rent Concessions
 
# of Units
Average Apt Size
(Sq Ft)
Average Monthly Rent Rate
per Apt
Impact of Average Rent Concessions
New leases
 
485

987

$
1,457

$
8

 
716

984

$
1,262

$
6

Renewed leases
 
513

987

$
1,474

$

 
653

983

$
1,282

$


Results of Operations and Financial Condition

The Company's portfolio (the "Total Property Portfolio") consists of all properties acquired or placed in service and owned at any time during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014. As a result of changes in the Total Portfolio over time, including the change in the portfolio holdings during three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and March 31, 2014, the financial statements show considerable changes in revenue and expenses from period to period. The Company does not believe that its period-to-period financial data are comparable. Therefore, the Company also presents the comparison of operating results for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 reflect changes attributable to the properties that were owned by the Company throughout each period presented (the "Same Property Portfolio").

“Net Operating Income” (“NOI”) falls within the definition of a “non-GAAP financial measure” as stated in Item 10(e) of Regulation S-K promulgated by the SEC and should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss), the most directly comparable financial measure of our performance calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.  The Company believes NOI is a measure of operating results that is useful to investors to analyze the performance of a real estate company because it provides a direct measure of the operating results of the Company’s multifamily apartment communities. The Company also believes it is a useful measure to facilitate the comparison of operating performance among competitors.  The calculation of NOI requires classification of income statement items between operating and non-operating expenses, where operating items include only those items of revenue and expense which are directly related to the income producing activities of the properties.  We believe that to achieve a more complete understanding of the Company’s performance, NOI should be compared with our reported net income (loss).  Management uses NOI to evaluate the operating results of properties without reflecting the effect of capital decisions such as the issuance of mortgage debt and investments in capital items; in turn, these capital decisions have an impact on interest expense and depreciation and amortization.

28


The most directly comparable financial measure of the Company’s NOI, calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, is net loss, shown on the Consolidated Statement of Operations.  For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, net loss was $(4,229,029) and $(3,383,780), respectively. A reconciliation of the Company’s NOI to net loss for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 is presented as part of the following tables.

Comparison of the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 to the three-month period ended March 31, 2014

The table below reflects selected operating information for the Same Property Portfolio. The Same Property Portfolio consists of the 10 properties acquired or placed in service on or prior to January 1, 2014 and owned through March 31, 2015. The Total Property Portfolio includes entity level expenses and financing costs as well as the effect of the acquisition of one property, Gatehouse 75, during the three-month period ended March 31, 2015, the acquisitions of three properties, Pavilion Townplace, EON at Lindbergh and Elan Redmond Town Center, the sales of eight properties, Chisholm, Laurel Woods, Bear Creek, Berkshires on Brompton, Bridgewater, Lakeridge, Reserves at Arboretum and Yorktowne and the change in ownership structure of Country Place I and Country Place II during the twelve-month period ended December 31, 2014. (The 2014 residual activity for Walden Pond and Gables of Texas has been removed from the presentation as the results have been reflected as discontinued operations in the consolidated statements of operations.)
 
Same Property Portfolio
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
Increase/
(Decrease)
 
%
Change
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental
$
13,386,138

 
$
12,752,452

 
$
633,686

 
4.97
 %
Utility reimbursement and other
1,338,354

 
1,257,855

 
80,499

 
6.40
 %
Total revenue
14,724,492

 
14,010,307

 
714,185

 
5.10
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Expenses:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Operating
3,331,447

 
3,274,368

 
57,079

 
1.74
 %
Maintenance
810,116

 
799,331

 
10,785

 
1.35
 %
Real estate taxes
1,439,303

 
1,424,427

 
14,876

 
1.04
 %
General and administrative

 

 

 
 %
Management fees
572,210

 
544,308

 
27,902

 
5.13
 %
Incentive advisory fees

 

 

 
 %
Total operating expenses
6,153,076

 
6,042,434

 
110,642

 
1.83
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Operating Income
8,571,416

 
7,967,873

 
603,543

 
7.57
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-operating expenses:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Depreciation
4,560,322

 
4,360,781

 
199,541

 
4.58
 %
Interest, inclusive of amortization of deferred financing fees
4,791,407

 
5,003,604

 
(212,197
)
 
(4.24
)%
Amortization of acquired in-place leases and tenant relationships

 

 

 
 %
Total non-operating expenses
9,351,729

 
9,364,385

 
(12,656
)
 
(0.14
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(780,313
)
 
$
(1,396,512
)
 
$
616,199

 
44.12
 %

29


Comparison of the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 to the three-month period ended March 31, 2014
 
 
Total Property Portfolio
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Increase/
(Decrease)
 
%
Change
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental
 
$
16,928,674

 
$
19,289,286

 
$
(2,360,612
)
 
(12.24
)%
Utility reimbursement and other
 
1,736,979

 
1,887,379

 
(150,400
)
 
(7.97
)%
Total revenue
 
18,665,653

 
21,176,665

 
(2,511,012
)
 
(11.86
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Operating
 
4,772,734

 
6,321,228

 
(1,548,494
)
 
(24.50
)%
Maintenance
 
921,638

 
1,132,823

 
(211,185
)
 
(18.64
)%
Real estate taxes
 
2,114,675

 
2,183,181

 
(68,506
)
 
(3.14
)%
General and administrative
 
715,228

 
621,161

 
94,067

 
15.14
 %
Management fees
 
1,152,463

 
1,226,253

 
(73,790
)
 
(6.02
)%
Incentive advisory fees
 
338,605

 
264,045

 
74,560

 
28.24
 %
Total operating expenses
 
10,015,343

 
11,748,691

 
(1,733,348
)
 
(14.75
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Operating Income
 
8,650,310

 
9,427,974

 
(777,664
)
 
(8.25
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-operating expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Depreciation
 
6,486,256

 
6,286,212

 
200,044

 
3.18
 %
Interest, inclusive of amortization of deferred financing fees
 
5,796,484

 
7,093,818

 
(1,297,334
)
 
(18.29
)%
Amortization of acquired in-place leases and tenant relationships
 
622,231

 

 
622,231

 
100.00
 %
Total non-operating expenses
 
12,904,971

 
13,380,030

 
(475,059
)
 
(3.55
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss before equity in income of unconsolidated multifamily entities and discontinued operations
 
(4,254,661
)
 
(3,952,056
)
 
(302,605
)
 
(7.66
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in income of unconsolidated multifamily entities
 
25,632

 
682,492

 
(656,860
)
 
(96.24
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Discontinued operations *
 

 
(114,216
)
 
114,216

 
100.00
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(4,229,029
)
 
$
(3,383,780
)
 
$
(845,249
)
 
(24.98
)%

*
On April 1, 2014, the Company early adopted ASU 2014-08 and as such, the dispositions of Chisholm Place, Laurel Woods, Bear Creek, Berkshires on Brompton, Bridgewater, Lakeridge and Reserves at Arboretum and Yorktowne sold during 2014 are not presented as part of discontinued operations.


30


Comparison of the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 to the three-month period ended March 31, 2014
(Same Property Portfolio)

Revenue

Rental Revenue

Rental revenue of the Same Property Portfolio increased for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 in comparison to the same period of 2014.  The increase in rental revenue is mainly attributable to increase in rental rates. Average monthly rental rates for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 of $1,361 per apartment unit increased by 4.05% over the 2014 rental rates of $1,308 for the same period, contributing to an increase of approximately $488,000 in rental revenue. Average physical occupancy for the 2015 Same Property Portfolio was 95.49%, above the 2014 average of 94.50%, attributing to approximately $145,000 increase in rental revenue. Market conditions remain stable in the majority of the submarkets in which the Company owns and operates apartments. Improving economic conditions and the continued strength in the apartment markets have allowed the Company to implement rent increases at properties while maintaining occupancy and retaining high quality tenants throughout the portfolio.
 
Same Property Portfolio
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
Increase/
(Decrease)
 
%
Change
Rental
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Market rent
$
14,263,636

 
$
13,775,433

 
$
488,203

 
3.54
%
Occupancy
(877,498
)
 
(1,022,981
)
 
145,483

 
14.22
%
Total Rental
$
13,386,138

 
$
12,752,452