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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

Q  Annual Report Pursuant To Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2014

£  Transition Report Under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from ______ to_______ 

Commission File No. 001-35927

AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
(Name of small business issuer in its charter)

Nevada
80-0948413
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

360 Motor Parkway, Suite 100, Hauppauge, New York 11788
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(631) 881-4920
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class
Name of Exchange on which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001
NYSE MKT

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o   No x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o   No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x   No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):   

Large Accelerated Filer o          Non-Accelerated Filer o          Accelerated Filer o          Smaller Reporting Company x

Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o   No x

As of June 30, 2014, the aggregate market value of our common stock held by non-affiliates was $68,004,859, based on 6,267,729 shares of outstanding common stock held by non-affiliates, and a price of $10.85 per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on the NYSE MKT on that date.

There were a total of 7,108,677 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of March 1, 2015.
 
 
 

 
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement relating to its 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K where indicated. Such Proxy Statement will be filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.

AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
FORM 10-K
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2014

   
Page
PART I
 
   
Item 1.
Business
1
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
6
Item 2.
Properties
12
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
13
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
13
     
PART II
 
   
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
14
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
15
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation
15
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
28
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
28
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
28
Item 9B.
Other Information
29
     
PART IV
 
   
Item 15.     
Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedule
31
Consolidated Financial Statements
F-1
 
 
(i)

 
 
We are an Emerging Growth Company

We qualify as an "emerging growth company" as defined in the Jumpstart our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. An emerging growth company may take advantage of reduced reporting and other burdens that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include:

• a requirement to have only two years of audited financial statements and only two years of related Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations disclosure; and

• an exemption from the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

We may take advantage of these provisions until the end of the fiscal year ending after the fifth anniversary of our initial public offering, December 31, 2018, or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company and if we do, the information that we provide stockholders may be different than you might get from other public companies in which you hold equity. We would cease to be an emerging growth company if we have more than $1.0 billion in annual revenue, have more than $700 million in market value of our shares of common stock held by non-affiliates, or issue more than $1.0 billion of non-convertible debt over a three-year period.

The JOBS Act permits an "emerging growth company" like us to take advantage of an extended transition period to comply with new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains forward-looking statements. Certain of the matters discussed herein concerning, among other items, our operations, cash flows, financial position and economic performance including, in particular, future sales, product demand, competition and the effect of economic conditions, include forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are predictive in nature and can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and generally include words such as "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "estimates" and similar expressions. Although we believe that these statements are based upon reasonable assumptions, including projections of orders, sales, operating margins, earnings, cash flow, research and development costs, working capital, capital expenditures, distribution channels, profitability, new products, adequacy of funds from operations, and general economic conditions, these statements and other projections contained herein expressing opinions about future outcomes and non-historical information, are subject to uncertainties and, therefore, there is no assurance that the outcomes expressed in these statements will be achieved.

Investors are cautioned that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from the expectations expressed in forward-looking statements contained herein.  Given these uncertainties, you should not place any reliance on these forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date hereof. See “Risk factors” for a discussion of factors that could cause our actual results to differ from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements.

We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as may be required under applicable securities laws.  You are advised, however, to consult any additional disclosures we make in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
 
 
(ii)

 
 
PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Introduction

As used in this report, unless otherwise stated or the context requires otherwise, the "Company" and terms such as "we," "us" "our," and "AIRI" refer to Air Industries Group, a Nevada corporation, and its directly and indirectly wholly-owned subsidiaries: Air Industries Machining, Corp. ("AIM"), Welding Metallurgy, Inc. ("Welding Metallurgy" or “WMI”),  Nassau Tool Works, Inc. ("NTW"), Miller Stuart, Inc. (“MSI”), Woodbine Products, Inc. (“Woodbine” or “WPI”), Eur-Pac Corporation (“Eur-Pac” or “EPC”), Electronic Connection Corporation (“ECC”), AMK Welding, Inc. (“AMK”), and The Sterling Engineering Corporation (“Sterling”).

We are an aerospace and defense company.  We manufacture and design structural parts and assemblies that focus on flight safety, including landing gear, arresting gear, engine mounts, flight controls, throttle quadrants, jet engines and other components. We also provide sheet metal fabrication of aerostructures, tube bending and welding services.   Our products are currently deployed on a wide range of high profile military and commercial aircraft including Sikorsky's UH-60 Black Hawk and CH-47 Chinook helicopters, Lockheed Martin's F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, Northrop Grumman's E2 Hawkeye, Boeing's 777, Airbus' 380 commercial airliners and the US Navy F-18 and USAF F-16 fighter aircraft. Our Turbine Engine sector makes components for jet engines that are used on the USAF F-15, the Airbus A-330 and A-380, and the Boeing 777, in addition to a number of ground turbine applications.

Air Industries Machining Corp. became a public company in 2005 when its net sales were approximately $30 million.  AIM has manufactured components and subassemblies for the defense and commercial aerospace industry for over 45 years and has established long term relationships with leading defense and aerospace manufacturers.  In June 2007, we changed our name to Air Industries Group, Inc. On August 30, 2013, we reincorporated as a Nevada corporation and changed our name to Air industries Group.  Since becoming public we have completed the following acquisitions of defense related businesses:

 
-
In August 2007, we acquired Welding Metallurgy, which has provided specialty welding services and metal fabrications to the defense and commercial aerospace industry since 1979;
 
-
In June 2012, we acquired the assets and ongoing operations of the predecessor of NTW, which was founded in 1959 and whose  principal business was the fabrication and assembly of  landing gear components and complete landing gear for F-16 and F-18 fighter aircraft for the US and foreign governments;
 
-
In July 2013, we acquired the assets and business of Decimal Industries, Inc. ("Decimal"). Decimal was founded in 1968 and its principal business is the fabrication of brazed and welded precision sheet metal assemblies for the aerospace industry;
 
-
In November 2013, we acquired MSI.  MSI was founded in 1966 and specializes in electromechanical systems, harness and cable assemblies, electronic equipment and printed circuit boards;
 
-
In April 2014, we acquired Woodbine.  WPI was founded in 1954 and is a fabricator of precision sheet metal assemblies for aerospace applications;
 
-
In June 2014, we acquired Eur-Pac.  EPC was founded in 1947 and specializes in military packaging and supplies all branches of the United States Defense Department with ordnance parts and kits, hose assemblies, hydraulic, mechanical and electrical assemblies;
 
-
In September 2014, we acquired ECC.  ECC was founded in 1989 and specializes in wire harnesses and leads for the aerospace and other industries;
 
-
In October 2014, we acquired AMK. AMK has been a provider of welding services to the aerospace industry since 1964. For more than ten years it was owned by Dynamic Materials Corporation and was part of what once was a group of aerospace companies owned by DMC;
 
-
Most recently, effective March 1, 2015, we acquired Sterling. Founded in 1941, Sterling provides complex machining services and its business is concentrated with aircraft jet engine and ground turbine manufacturers.
 
 
1

 
 
As a result of the foregoing acquisitions, our revenues in 2014, with a contribution of only $1,838,000 from AMK and with no contribution from Sterling (each of which had revenues for all of 2014 of $6,378,000 and $9,065,000, respectively), were $64,331,000.

We currently divide our operations into three operating segments:  Complex Machining, which consists of AIM and NTW; Aerostructures and Electronics, which consists of WMI, WPI, MSI, Eur-Pac and ECC; and beginning in 2014, Turbine Engine Components, which includes AMK and beginning March 2015, will include Sterling.  As our businesses continue to develop and evolve, and we acquire additional companies, we may deem it appropriate to reallocate our companies into different operating segments and, once we achieve sufficient integration among our businesses, report as a unified company

Our Market

We operate in both the military and, to a lesser degree, commercial aviation industries. Defense revenues represent a preponderance of our sales.  Our principal customers include Sikorsky Aircraft, Goodrich Landing Gear Systems, Northrup Grumman, the United States Department of Defense, GKN Aerospace, Lockheed, Boeing, Raytheon, Piper Aircraft, M7 Aerospace, Vought Aerospace, Ametek/Hughes-Treitler and Airbus.

Our products are incorporated into many aircraft platforms, the majority of which remain in production, and of which there are a substantial number of operating aircraft. We believe that we are the largest supplier of flight critical parts to Sikorsky’s Black Hawk helicopter. We also make products for the  CH-47 Chinook helicopter, Lockheed Martin's F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, Northrop Grumman's E2 Hawkeye, Boeing's 777, Airbus' 380 commercial airliners, and the US Navy F-18 and USAF F-16 fighter aircraft. Our Turbine Engine Components segment makes components for jet engines that are used on the USAF F-15, the Airbus A-330 and A-380, and the Boeing 777, in addition to a number of ground turbine applications.

Many of our products are "flight critical" and essential to aircraft performance and safety on takeoff, during flight and when landing. These products require advanced certifications as a condition to being a supplier. For many of our products we are the sole or one of a limited number of sources of supply. Many of the parts we supply are subject to wear and tear or fatigue and are routinely replaced on aircraft on a time of service or flight cycle basis. Replacement demand for these products will continue, albeit at perhaps a lower rate, so long as an aircraft remains in service, which is usually many years after production has stopped. In addition, as more fuel efficient engines are developed they will be substituted for engines currently in use.

The Department of Defense announced plans to significantly reduce spending beginning in Fiscal 2013.   In addition, on March 1, 2013, as a result of the continuing budget impasse, automatic government spending cuts termed the Sequester were implemented.  We believe that the fact that many of the products we supply are flight critical to aircraft currently in service may lessen the effect on our revenues of reductions in defense spending.  Nevertheless, it appears that our revenues, particularly those at AIM and NTW, have been impacted by a slowing of orders in anticipation of a reduction or shift in the mix of defense spending and there can be no assurance that our financial condition and results of operations will not be materially adversely impacted by reductions in defense spending or a change in the mix of products purchased by defense departments in the United States or other countries, or the perception on the part of our customers that such changes are about to occur.  The President’s proposed budget for Fiscal 2016, beginning October 1, 2015, provides for an increase in defense spending.  Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that any such increase will increase demand for the products we supply or otherwise redound to our benefit.

Sales and Marketing

Our approach to sales and marketing can be best understood through the concept of customer alignment. The aerospace industry is dominated by a small number of large prime contractors and equipment manufacturers. These customers rely heavily upon subcontractors to supply quality parts meeting specifications on a timely and cost effective basis.  These customers and other customers we supply routinely rate their suppliers based on a variety of performance factors.  One of our principal goals is to be highly rated and thus relied upon by all of our customers.
 
 
2

 
 
The large prime contractors are increasingly seeking subcontractors who can supply and are qualified to integrate the fabrication of larger, more complex and more complete subassemblies. We seek to position ourselves within the supply chain of these contractors and manufacturers to be selected for subcontracted projects.  Successful positioning requires that we qualify to be a preferred supplier by achieving and maintaining independent third party quality approval certifications, specific customer quality system approvals and top supplier ratings through strong performance on existing contracts.  We believe that the various capabilities we have acquired through our acquisition program increase the likelihood we will qualify for and be awarded larger, more complex projects. As an example of our successful efforts to move up the supplier chain, WMI has grown from being a supplier of welding services to being a supplier of welding subassemblies and is now a product integrator, providing customers with complete structural assemblies.

As part of our effort to become a product integrator and increase our value to our customers, we have recruited the personnel to fabricate complete, fully-assembled products, and, more recently, design products.  In our marketing efforts we let customers know that we now have employees with the talent and experience to manage the manufacture of sections of aircraft structures to be delivered to the final assembly phase of the aircraft manufacturing cycle, and customers have now engaged us for these services.

As we acquire new businesses, we often gain new or enhanced technical capabilities. We seek to exploit these new capabilities by introducing to our customer newly acquired products and capabilities we previously lacked.  Businesses we acquire often bring to us customers we have not previously supplied and we market to these customers the products and services they need which we historically provided.  This marketing effort has enabled us to grow some of the businesses we acquired and increased our value to our customers.  For example, the acquisition of NTW in 2012 expanded our capabilities in the “turning” of metal components. This enhanced capability was important in AIM winning a large multi-year commercial aerospace contract to supply Thrust Struts to a unit of UTAS for use in the Pratt & Whitney Geared Turbo Fan jet engine.

Initial contracts are usually obtained through competitive bidding against other qualified subcontractors, while follow-on contracts are usually retained by successfully performing initial contracts. The long term business of each of our current operating segments generally benefits from barriers to entry resulting from investments, certifications, familiarization with the needs and systems of customers, and manufacturing techniques developed during the initial manufacturing phase.   As our business base grows with targeted customers, we endeavor to develop each of our relationships to one of a “partnership” where we participate in the resolution of pre-production design and build issues, and initial contracts are obtained as single source awards and follow-on pricing is determined through negotiations.  Despite these efforts we estimate that a minority of our sales are based on negotiated prices.

Our Backlog

Our backlog is best understood by looking at our operating segments independently.

Within our Complex Machining and Turbine Engine Components segments, the production cycle of products can extend from several months to a year or longer. This gives rise to significant backlogs as customers must order product with sufficient lead time to ensure timely delivery. In contrast, the production cycle for a significant majority of the products produced in our aerospace and electronics segment is much shorter, a matter of several weeks or a few months. This shorter cycle allows customers to delay orders resulting in a much smaller backlog.

We have a number of long-term multi-year General Purchase Agreements or GPA’s with several of our customers. These agreements specify part numbers, specifications and prices of the covered products for a specified period, but do not authorize immediate production and shipment. Shipments are authorized periodically by the customer to fit their production schedule.

Our "firm backlog" includes only fully authorized orders received for products to be delivered within the forward 18-month period. As of February 28, 2015, our 18-month "firm backlog" was approximately $95 million.
 
 
3

 
 
Competition

Winning a new contract is highly competitive. For the most part we manufacture to customer designs and specifications, and compete against companies that have similar manufacturing capabilities in a global marketplace. Consequently, the ability to obtain contracts requires providing quality products at competitive prices. To accomplish this requires that we strive for continuous improvement in our capabilities to assure our competitiveness and provide value to our customers. Our marketing strategy involves developing long-term ongoing working relationships with customers. These relationships enable us to develop entry barriers to would-be competitors by establishing and maintaining advanced quality approvals, certifications and tooling investments that are difficult and expensive to duplicate. Despite these barriers to entry, many of our competitors are well-established subcontractors engaged in the supply of aircraft parts and components to prime military contractors and commercial aviation manufacturers. Among our competitors are; Monitor Aerospace, a division of Stellex Aerospace; Hydromil, a division of Triumph Aerospace Group; Heroux Aerospace and Ellanef Manufacturing, a division of Magellan Corporation.

Many of our competitors are larger enterprises or divisions of significantly larger companies having greater financial, physical and technical resources, and the capabilities to timelier respond under much larger contracts.

Raw Materials and Replacement Parts

The manufacturing process for certain products, particularly those for which we serve as product integrator, requires significant purchases of raw materials, hardware and subcontracted details. As a result, much of our success in profitably meeting customer demand for these products requires efficient and effective subcontract management. Price and availability of many raw materials utilized in the aerospace industry are subject to volatile global markets. Most suppliers of raw materials are unwilling to commit to long-term contracts at fixed prices. This is a substantial risk as our strategy often involves long term fixed price commitments to our customers.

Future Expansion Strategy

Since the 1990s, the aerospace and defense industries have undergone radical consolidation. The largest prime contractors have merged or been acquired resulting in fewer, and much larger, entities. Some examples are Boeing which acquired McDonnell Douglas; Lockheed Martin, formed by Lockheed's acquisition of Martin Marietta, together with the aerospace divisions of General Dynamics; Northrop Grumman, which fused together Northrop, Grumman, Westinghouse and Litton Industries into one entity. Where once there were nine companies there are now just three.

The consolidation of the prime contractors has caused a similar consolidation of suppliers. Major contractors seek to streamline and reduce the cost of managing supply chains by buying both larger quantities and more complete sub-assemblies from fewer suppliers. This has led to increased competitive pressure on many smaller firms. To survive in this environment, suppliers must invest in systems and infrastructures capable of interfacing with and meeting the needs of prime contractors. We have made the effort to do so since becoming a public company in 2005. Suppliers with $15-$100 million in annual sales, referred to as the “Tier III and IV Manufacturing Sector,” must become fully capable of working interactively in a computer aided three dimensional automated engineering environment and must have independent third party quality system certifications. We believe this industry trend will increase pressure on smaller aerospace/defense critical component manufacturers, the Tier III and IV suppliers, as the cost of upgrading their systems to achieve the level of connectivity necessary to work interactively with prime contractors, to the extent they have not already done so, will adversely impact their profit margins. Our acquisitions are part of our strategy to react to and benefit from this market environment.

We intend to increase our business through internal growth and accretive acquisitions.  Our ability to make acquisitions is dependent, in part, on our available cash and upon our ability to raise debt or equity as necessary to complete any acquisition.
 
 
4

 
 
Employees

As of March 1, 2015, we employed approximately 379 people. Of these, approximately 41 were in administration, 35 were in sales and procurement, and 303 were in manufacturing.

AIM is a party to a collective bargaining agreement (the “Agreement”) with the United Service Workers, IUJAT, Local 355 (the "Union") with which we believe we maintain good relations. The Agreement, dated January 1, 2012, expires December 31, 2015 and covers all of AIM's production personnel, of which there are approximately 112 people. AIM is required to make a monthly contribution to each of the Union's United Welfare Fund and the United Services Worker's Security Fund. This is the only pension benefit required by the Agreement and the Company is not obligated for any future defined benefit to retirees. The Agreement contains a "no-strike" clause, whereby, during the term of the Agreement, the Union will not strike and AIM will not lockout its employees.

All of our employees are covered under a co-employment agreement with Insperity, Inc.

Regulations

Environmental Regulation; Employee Safety

We are subject to regulations administered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, various state agencies and county and local authorities acting in cooperation with federal and state authorities. Among other things, these regulatory bodies impose restrictions that require us to control air, soil and water pollution, to protect against occupational exposure to chemicals, including health and safety risks, and to require notification or reporting of the storage, use and release of certain hazardous chemicals and substances. The extensive regulatory framework imposes compliance burdens and financial and operating risks on us. Governmental authorities have the power to enforce compliance with these regulations and to obtain injunctions or impose civil and criminal fines in the case of violations.

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 ("CERCLA") imposes strict, joint and several liability on the present and former owners and operators of facilities that release hazardous substances into the environment. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 ("RCRA") regulates the generation, transportation, treatment, storage and disposal of hazardous waste.  New York and Connecticut, the states where all of our production facilities are located, also have stringent laws and regulations governing the handling, storage and disposal of hazardous substances, counterparts of CERCLA and RCRA. In addition, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, which requires employers to provide a place of employment that is free from recognized and preventable hazards that are likely to cause serious physical harm to employees, obligates employers to provide notice to employees regarding the presence of hazardous chemicals and to train employees in the use of such substances.

Federal Aviation Administration

We are subject to regulation by the Federal Aviation Administration ("FAA") under the provisions of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended. The FAA prescribes standards and licensing requirements for aircraft and aircraft components. We are subject to inspections by the FAA and may be subjected to fines and other penalties (including orders to cease production) for noncompliance with FAA regulations. Our failure to comply with applicable regulations could result in the termination of or our disqualification from some of our contracts, which could have a material adverse effect on our operations. We have never been subject to such fines or disqualifications.

Government Contract Compliance

Our government contracts and those of many of our customers are subject to the procurement rules and regulations of the United States government, including the Federal Acquisition Regulations. Many of the contract terms are dictated by these rules and regulations. During and after the fulfillment of a government contract, we may be audited in respect of the direct and allocated indirect costs attributed to the project. These audits may result in adjustments to our contract costs. Additionally, we may be subject to U.S. government inquiries and investigations because of our participation in government procurement. Any inquiry or investigation can result in fines or limitations on our ability to continue to bid for government contracts and fulfill existing contracts.
 
 
5

 
 
We believe that we are in compliance with all federal, state and local laws and regulations governing our operations and have obtained all material licenses and permits required for the operation of our business.
 
ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

The purchase of our common stock involves a very high degree of risk.

In evaluating us and our business, you should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties described below and the other information and our consolidated financial statements and related notes included herein.  If any of the events described in the risks below actually occurs, our financial condition or operating results may be materially and adversely affected, the price of our common stock may decline, perhaps significantly, and you could lose all or a part of your investment.

The risks below can be characterized into three groups:

 
1)
Risks related to our business, including risks specific to the defense and aerospace industry:
     
 
2)
Risks arising from our indebtedness; and
     
 
3)
Risks related to our common stock and our status as a public company.

Risks Related to Our Business

A reduction in government spending on defense could materially adversely impact our revenues, results of operations and financial condition.

      Approximately 90% of our revenue is derived from products for US military aviation.  There are risks associated with programs that are subject to appropriation by Congress, which could be potential targets for reductions in funding. The Department of Defense has announced plans to significantly reduce spending beginning in Fiscal 2014 and beyond. Reductions in United States Government spending on defense or future changes in the mix of defense products required by United States Government agencies could limit demand for our products, and may have a materially adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition.

On March 1, 2013, the US Government imposed across the board spending reductions commonly referred to as “the Sequester”. These spending reductions included spending by the Department of Defense. During 2014, we experienced a reduction in sales at AIM and NTW that we believe is the result of a slowing of orders as a result of the Sequester and the resulting reduction or shift in the components of defense spending. We have also experienced slowdowns, albeit to a lesser degree, at WMI .

We depend on revenues from a few significant relationships, in particular with United Technology Corporation. Any loss, cancellation, reduction, or interruption in these relationships could harm our business.

We expect that our customer concentration will not change significantly in the near future. We derive most of our revenues from a small number of customers. Two customers represented 47.3% and three customers represented 56.0% of total sales for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The markets in which we sell our products are dominated by a relatively small number of customers which have contracts with United States governmental agencies, thereby limiting the number of potential customers. Our success depends on our ability to develop and manage relationships with significant customers.  We cannot be sure that we will be able to retain our largest customers or that we will be able to attract additional customers, or that our customers will continue to buy our products in the same amounts as in prior years. The loss of one or more of our largest customers, any reduction or interruption in sales to these customers, our inability to successfully develop relationships with additional customers or future price concessions that we may have to make, could significantly harm our business.
 
 
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We depend on revenues from components for a few aircraft platforms and the cancellation or reduction of either production or use of these aircraft platforms could harm our business.

        AIM derives most of its revenues from components for a few aircraft platforms, specifically the Sikorsky BlackHawk helicopter, the Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye naval aircraft and the McDonnell Douglas (Boeing) C-17 Globemaster. Boeing has announced that it will close its C-17 production line in 2015. NTW derives most of its revenues from the F-16 Falcon and the F-18 Hornet. These aircraft platforms constituted approximately 80% of the revenues of the operations of NTW during 2013 and 2014. A reduction in demand for our products as a result of either a reduction in the production of new aircraft or a reduction in the use of existing aircraft in the fleet (reducing after-market demand) would have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition.

Intense competition in our markets may lead to a reduction in our revenues and market share.

      The defense and aerospace component manufacturing market is highly competitive and we expect that competition will increase and perhaps intensify as the overall market remains static or declines. Many competitors have significantly greater technical, manufacturing, financial and marketing resources than we do. We expect that more companies will enter the defense and aerospace component manufacturing market. We may not be able to compete successfully against either current or future competitors. Increased competition could result in reduced revenue, lower margins or loss of market share, any of which could significantly harm our business our operating results and financial condition.

We may lose sales if our suppliers fail to meet our needs.

Although we procure most of our parts and components from multiple sources or believe that these components are readily available from numerous sources, certain components are available only from a sole or limited number or sources. While we believe that substitute components or assemblies could be obtained, use of substitutes would require development of new suppliers or would require us to re-engineer our products, or both, which could delay shipment of our products and could have a materially adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition.

There are risks associated with the bidding processes in which we compete.

We obtain many contracts through a competitive bidding process. We must devote substantial time and resources to prepare bids and proposals and may not have contracts awarded to us. Even if we win contracts, there can be no assurance that the prices that we have bid will be sufficient to allow us to generate a profit from any particular contract. There are significant costs involved with producing a small number of initial units of any new product and it may not be possible to recoup such costs on later production runs.

Due to fixed contract pricing, increasing contract costs expose us to reduced profitability and the potential loss of future business.

The cost estimation process requires significant judgment and expertise. Reasons for cost growth may include unavailability and productivity of labor, the nature and complexity of the work to be performed, the effect of change orders, the availability of materials, the effect of any delays in performance, availability and timing of funding from the customer, natural disasters, and the inability to recover any claims included in the estimates to complete. A significant change in cost estimates on one or more programs could have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

The prices of raw materials we use are volatile.

The prices of raw materials used in our manufacturing processes are volatile. If the prices of raw materials rise we may not be able to pass along such increases to our customers and this could have an adverse impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations. Significant increases in the prices of raw materials could adversely impact our customers’ demand for certain products which could lead to a reduction in our revenues and have a material adverse impact on our revenues and on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.
 
 
7

 
 
We do not own the intellectual property rights to products we produce.

Nearly all the parts and subassemblies we produce are built to customer specifications and the customer owns the intellectual property, if any, related to the product. Consequently, if a customer desires to use another manufacturer to fabricate its part or subassembly, it would be free to do so.

There are risks associated with new programs.

New programs typically carry risks associated with design changes, acquisition of new production tools, funding commitments, imprecise or changing specifications, timing delays and the accuracy of cost estimates associated with such programs. In addition, any new program may experience delays for a variety of reasons after significant expenditures are made. If we were unable to perform under new programs to the customers’ satisfaction or if a new program in which we had made a significant investment was terminated or experienced weak demand, delays or other problems, then our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected. This could result in low margin or forward loss contracts, and the risk of having to write-off costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts if it were deemed to be unrecoverable over the life of the program.

To perform on new programs we may be required to incur up-front costs which may not have been separately negotiated. Additionally, we may have made assumptions related to the costs of any program which may be material and which may be incorrect, resulting in costs that are not recoverable. Such charges and the loss of up-front costs could have a material impact on our liquidity.

Our inability to successfully manage the growth of our business may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

We expect to experience growth in the number of employees and the scope of our operations as a result of internal growth and through acquisitions. This will result in increased responsibilities for management and could strain our financial and other resources.  There can be no assurance that we will successfully integrate any future business acquired through acquisition.

Our ability to manage and support our growth effectively is substantially dependent on our ability to implement adequate improvements to financial, inventory, management controls, reporting, union relationships, order entry systems and other procedures, and hire sufficient numbers of financial, accounting, administrative, and management personnel. We may not succeed in our efforts to identify, attract and retain experienced personnel.

There can be no assurance that we have the management expertise to successfully integrate the operations of any company that we might acquire in the future.

Our future success also depends on our ability to address potential market opportunities and to manage expenses to match our ability to finance operations.

The need to control our expenses will place a significant strain on our management and operational resources. If we are unable to control our expenses effectively, our business, results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected.

Attracting and retaining key personnel is an essential element of our future success.

Our future success depends to a significant extent upon the continued service of our executive officers and other key management and technical personnel and on our ability to continue to attract, retain and motivate executive and other key employees. Experienced management and technical, marketing and support personnel in the defense and aerospace industries are in demand and competition for their talents is intense. The loss of the services of one or more of our key employees or our failure to attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
8

 
 
We are subject to strict governmental regulations relating to the environment, which could result in fines and remediation expense in the event of non-compliance.

We are required to comply with extensive and frequently changing environmental regulations at the federal, state and local levels. Among other things, these regulatory bodies impose restrictions to control air, soil and water pollution, to protect against occupational exposure to chemicals, including health and safety risks, and to require notification or reporting of the storage, use and release of certain hazardous substances into the environment. This extensive regulatory framework imposes significant compliance burdens and risks on us. In addition, these regulations may impose liability for the cost of removal or remediation of certain hazardous substances released on or in our facilities without regard to whether we knew of, or caused, the release of such substances. Furthermore, we are required to provide a place of employment that is free from recognized and preventable hazards that are likely to cause serious physical harm to employees, provide notice to employees regarding the presence of hazardous chemicals and to train employees in the use of such substances. Our operations require the use of chemicals and other materials for painting and cleaning that are classified under applicable laws as hazardous chemicals and substances. If we are found not to be in compliance with any of these rules, regulations or permits, we may be subject to fines, remediation expenses and the obligation to change our business practice, any of which could result in substantial costs that would adversely impact our business operations and financial condition.

We may be subject to fines and disqualification for non-compliance with Federal Aviation Administration regulations.

We are subject to regulation by the Federal Aviation Administration under the provisions of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended. The FAA prescribes standards and licensing requirements for aircraft and aircraft components. We are subject to inspections by the FAA and may be subjected to fines and other penalties (including orders to cease production) for noncompliance with FAA regulations. Our failure to comply with applicable regulations could result in the termination of or our disqualification from some of our contracts, which could have a material adverse effect on our operations. We have never been subject to such fines or disqualification.

Terrorist acts and acts of war may seriously harm our business, results of operations and financial condition.

United States and global responses to the Middle East conflict, terrorism, perceived nuclear, biological and chemical threats and other global crises increase uncertainties with respect to U.S. and other business and financial markets. Several factors associated, directly or indirectly, with the Middle East conflict, terrorism, perceived nuclear, biological and chemical threats, and other global crises and responses thereto, may adversely affect the Company.

Risks Related to Our Indebtedness

Our indebtedness may materially adversely affect our operations.
 
      As is more fully described under the caption "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources", we have significant indebtedness. Our loan facility is secured by substantially all of our assets. In the case of a continuing default under our loan facility, the lender will have the right to foreclose on our assets, which would have a material adverse effect on our business. Future payments of principal and interest or a change in policy by our lender may limit our ability to pay cash dividends to our stockholders.

Our leverage may adversely affect our ability to finance future operations and capital needs, may limit our ability to pursue business opportunities and may make our results of operations more susceptible to adverse economic conditions.
 
Our Indebtedness may limit our ability to pay dividentds.
 
The terms of our Loan Facility with PNC requires that we maintain certain financial covenants and that we may pay a dividend only if after taking such dividend into effect we satisfy certain prescribed financial conditions. It is likely that any loan facility we might enter into in replace of the PNC Facility would contain similar provisions.
 
 
 
9

 
 
Risks Related to our Common Stock and our Status as a Public Company

There is only a limited public market for our common stock.

The market for our common stock – as measured by the volume of trading - is limited. The lack of a robust market may impair a stockholder's ability to sell shares of our common stock. We cannot assure you that a more active trading market in our common stock will ever develop or if one does develop, that it will be sustained. In the absence of a more active trading market, any attempt to sell a substantial number of our shares could result in a decrease in the price of our stock. Specifically, you may not be able to resell your shares of common stock at or above the price you paid for such shares or at all.

Future sales of our common stock, or the perception that such sales could occur, could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.

The number of shares of our common stock eligible for resale is enormous relative to the trading volume of our common stock. Any attempt to sell a substantial number of our shares will severely depress the market price of our common stock. In addition, we may use our capital stock in the future to finance acquisitions and to compensate employees and management, which will further dilute the interests of our existing shareholders and could eventually significantly depress the trading price of our common stock. Furthermore, we may sell additional shares of common stock if the Board deems it in our best interest.

The issuance of shares of our common stock, or the possible issuance of shares, under our stock option plan may limit the price that investors are willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock and have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of our company, and the issuance of shares under the plan will decrease the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to existing holders of our common stock and dilute their voting power.

Our 2013 Equity Incentive Plan allows for the issuance of up to 600,000 shares of common stock, either as stock grants or options, to employees, officers, directors, advisors and consultants of the company. As of December 31, 2014, we had outstanding under the Plan options to purchase 528,247 shares. The committee administering the Plan, which has sole authority and discretion to grant options under the Plan, may grant options which become immediately exercisable in the event of a change in control of our company and in the event of certain mergers and reorganizations. The issuance of shares of our common stock, or the possible issuance of shares, under our stock option plan may limit the price that investors are willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock and have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of our company, and the issuance of shares under the plan will decrease the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to existing holders of our common stock and dilute their voting power.

We are an “emerging growth company” and we cannot be certain if the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to emerging growth companies will make our common stock less attractive to investors.

The JOBS Act permits "emerging growth companies" like us to rely on some of the reduced disclosure requirements that are already available to companies having a public float of less than $75 million, for as long as we qualify as an emerging growth company. During that period, we are permitted to omit the auditor's attestation on internal control over financial reporting that would otherwise be required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Companies with a public float of $75 million or more must otherwise procure such an attestation beginning with their second annual report after their initial public offering. For as long as we qualify as an emerging growth company, we are also excluded from the requirement to submit "say-on-pay", "say-on-pay frequency" and "say-on-parachute" votes to our stockholders and may avail ourselves of reduced executive compensation disclosure compared to larger companies. In addition, as described in the following risk factor, as an emerging growth company we can take advantage of an extended transition period to comply with new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies.
 
 
10

 
 
Until such time as we cease to qualify as an emerging growth company, investors may find our common stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.

As an "emerging growth company" we may take advantage of an extended transition period to comply with new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies.

Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that, as an emerging growth company, we can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. We can therefore delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Our financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards. Please refer to "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates" for further discussion of the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards.

At such time as we cease to qualify as an "emerging growth company" under the JOBS Act, the costs and demands placed upon management will increase.

We will continue to be deemed an emerging growth company until the earliest of (i) the last day of the fiscal year during which we had total annual gross revenues of $1,000,000,000 (as indexed for inflation), (ii) the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of common stock under a registration statement under the Securities Act, December 31, 2018, (iii) the date on which we have, during the previous 3-year period, issued more than $1,000,000,000 in non-convertible debt; or (iv) the date on which we are deemed to be a ‘large accelerated filer’ as defined by the SEC, which would generally occur upon our attaining a public float of at least $700 million. Once we lose emerging growth company status, we expect the costs and demands placed upon management to increase, as we would have to comply with additional disclosure and accounting requirements, particularly if our public float should exceed $75 million.

We incur significant costs as a result of operating as a public company, and our management is required to devote substantial time to compliance requirements, including establishing and maintaining internal controls over financial reporting, and we may be exposed to potential risks if we are unable to comply with these requirements.

As a public company, we will incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, together with rules implemented by the Securities and Exchange Commission and applicable market regulators. These rules impose various requirements on public companies, including requiring certain corporate governance practices. Our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to these requirements. Moreover, these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly.

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires, among other things, that we maintain effective internal controls for financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures. In particular, we must perform system and process evaluations and testing of our internal controls over financial reporting to allow management to report on the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting, as required by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Compliance with Section 404 may require that we incur substantial accounting expenses and expend significant management efforts. Our testing may reveal deficiencies in our internal controls over financial reporting that are deemed to be material weaknesses. In the event we identify significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal controls that we cannot remediate in a timely manner, the market price of our stock could decline if investors and others lose confidence in the reliability of our financial statements and we could be subject to sanctions or investigations by the SEC or other applicable regulatory authorities.
 
 
11

 
 
Our future revenues are inherently unpredictable; our operating results are likely to fluctuate from period to period and if we fail to meet the expectations of securities analysts or investors, our stock price could decline significantly.

Our quarterly and annual operating results are likely to fluctuate significantly due to a variety of factors, some of which are outside our control. Accordingly, we believe that period-to-period comparisons of our results of operations are not meaningful and should not be relied upon as indications of performance. Some of the factors that could cause quarterly or annual operating results to fluctuate include conditions inherent in government contracting and our business such as the timing of cost and expense recognition for contracts, the United States Government contracting and budget cycles, introduction of new government regulations and standards, contract closeouts, variations in manufacturing efficiencies, our ability to obtain components and subassemblies from contract manufacturers and suppliers, general economic conditions and economic conditions specific to the defense market. Because we base our operating expenses on anticipated revenue trends and a high percentage of our expenses are fixed in the short term, any delay in generating or recognizing forecasted revenues could significantly harm our business.

Fluctuations in quarterly results, competition or announcements of extraordinary events such as acquisitions or litigation may cause earnings to fall below the expectations of securities analysts and investors. In this event, the trading price of our common stock could significantly decline. In addition, we cannot assure you that an active trading market will develop or be sustained for our common stock. These fluctuations, as well as general economic and market conditions, may adversely affect the future market price of our common stock, as well as our overall operating results.
 
ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES

Our executive offices are located at 360 Motor Parkway, Suite 100, Hauppauge, New York 11788.  We occupy our executive offices under a lease for approximately seven years until January 2022. The lease currently provides for an annual rental of $117,000 which changes by an agreed upon amount each anniversary of the commencement of the lease through January 20, 2022.
  
The operations of AIM are conducted on a 5.4-acre corporate campus in Bay Shore, New York. We occupy three buildings on the campus, consisting of 76,000 square feet.

On October 24, 2006, we entered into a “sale/leaseback” transaction whereby we sold the buildings and real property located at the corporate campus and entered into a 20-year triple-net lease for the property. Base annual rent for 2014 was approximately $662,000 and increases by 3% each subsequent year. The lease grants AIM an option to renew the lease for an additional five years. Under the terms of the lease, we are required to pay all of the costs associated with the operation of the facilities, including, without limitation, insurance, taxes and maintenance.

The operations of WMI are conducted in an 81,035 square foot facility located in Hauppauge, New York. This space is occupied under a sublease which had an annual base rent of approximately $596,000 for 2014 and increases by an agreed upon amount each anniversary of the commencement of the lease through December 31, 2026.

The operations of NTW are conducted in a 60,000 square foot facility in West Babylon, New York. The space is occupied under a lease which provides for an annual base rent of $30,000 per month through October 30, 2018.

The operations of MSI are conducted in a 6,750 square foot facility in Hauppauge, New York. This space is occupied under a lease which provides for annual base rent of $4,200 per month through May 31, 2015.  We are currently negotiating an extension of the term of the lease to December 31, 2015. We are also evaluating moving the operations of MSI to one of our other locations.

Eur-Pac and ECC are located in a 16,000 square foot facility in Waterbury, Connecticut.  The space is occupied under a lease which has an annual base rent of approximately $115,000 and expires May 31, 2019.

The operations of AMK are conducted in a 33,850 square foot facility on a four  acre parcel in South Windsor, Connecticut, which we own.
 
 
12

 
 
The operations of Sterling are conducted in a 74,923 square foot facility on a 24  acre parcel in Barkhamsted, Connecticut, which we own.

In March 2015, the AMK property in South Windsor and the Sterling property in Barkhamsted were transferred to Air Industries Realty LLC, which is wholly owned by Air Industries Group.
 
ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

From time to time we may be engaged in various lawsuits and legal proceedings in the ordinary course of our business. We are currently not aware of any legal proceedings the ultimate outcome of which, in our judgment based on information currently available, would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results. There are no proceedings in which any of our directors, officers or affiliates, or any registered or beneficial stockholder of our common stock, is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to our interest.
 
ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not applicable.
 
 
13

 
 
PART II

ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

Market for Our Common Stock

Our common stock has been listed on the NYSE MKT since June 12, 2013 under the symbol “AIRI.” Prior to June 12, 2013, our common stock was quoted on OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol "AIRI.” Prior to February 11, 2013, our common stock was quoted on OTC Pink under the symbol “AIRI.PK.” The prices set forth below reflect the quarterly high and low closing prices of a share of our common stock for the periods indicated as reported by YahooFinance.

   
High
   
Low
 
Quarter Ended March 31, 2013
  $ 7.27     $ 6.00  
Quarter Ended June 30, 2013
  $ 6.24     $ 5.97  
Quarter Ended September 30, 2013      
  $ 7.91     $ 5.97  
Quarter Ended December 31, 2013
  $ 9.50     $ 7.61  
Quarter Ended March 31, 2014
  $ 9.64     $ 7.97  
Quarter Ended June 30, 2014
  $ 12.48     $ 9.50  
Quarter Ended September 30, 2014
  $ 11.00     $ 9.00  
Quarter Ended December 31, 2014
  $ 12.12     $ 9.80  

Holders

On March 1, 2015, there were approximately 262 stockholders of record of our common stock. The number of record holders does not include persons who held our common stock in nominee or “street name” accounts through brokers.

Dividends

On both April 1, and July 5, 2013, we paid dividends of $0.0625 per share on our common stock. On both October 15, 2013 and January 9, 2014, we paid dividends of $0.125 per share on our common stock. On April 22, 2014, July 10, 2014 , November 3, 2014 and January 15, 2015 we paid dividends of $0.15 per share on our common stock. We intend to continue to pay a dividend each fiscal quarter. However all determinations relating to our dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on a number of factors, including future earnings, capital requirements, financial conditions and future prospects and other factors the Board of Directors may deem relevant. Further, the payment of any cash dividends requires compliance with financial covenants of the loan agreement with our principal lender.
 
 
14

 
 
Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

The following table summarizes shares of our Common Stock to be issued upon exercise of options and warrants, the weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options and warrants and options available for future issuance pursuant to our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2014:

 
Plan Category
 
Number of
Securities to
Be Issued Upon
Exercise of
Outstanding
Options, Warrants
and Rights
   
Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
of Outstanding
Options,
Warrants and
Rights
   
Number of
Securities Remaining
Available for Future
Issuance Under Equity
Compensation Plans
 
  Eq Equity compensation plans approved by security
        holders
   
528,539
   
$
8.98
     
71,753
 
EqE Equity compensation plans not approved by security
        holders
   
164,585
   
$
7.85
     
None
 
                         
Tot     Total
   
693,124
   
$
8.71
     
71,753
 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

Except as previously reported in our periodic reports filed under the Exchange Act, we did not issue any unregistered securities during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.

Purchases of Our Equity Securities

No repurchases of our common stock were made during the fourth quarter of our fiscal year ended December 31, 2014.
 
ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

Not required.
 
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATION

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes to those statements included elsewhere in this Report. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. You should specifically consider the various risk factors identified in this Report that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

Business Overview

We are an aerospace company operating primarily in the defense industry, though the proportion of our business represented by the commercial sector is increasing.  We manufacture and design structural parts and assemblies that focus on flight safety, including landing gear, arresting gear, engine mounts, flight controls, throttle quadrants, jet engines and other components. We also provide sheet metal fabrication of aerostructures, tube bending and welding services. Our Turbine Engine Components sector makes components for jet engines and ground turbines. Our products are currently deployed on a wide range of high profile military and commercial aircraft.
 
 
15

 
 
AIM became a public company in 2005 when its net sales were approximately $30 million.  AIM has manufactured components and subassemblies for the defense and commercial aerospace industry for over 45 years and has established long-term relationships with leading defense and aerospace manufacturers. Since becoming public, we have completed a series of acquisitions of defense related businesses which have enabled us to broaden the range of products and services beyond those which were provide by AIM. For example, where AIM was primarily a machining shop, as a result of acquisitions, we now have capabilities and expertise in metal fabrication, welding and tube bending; the production of electromechanical systems, harness and cable assemblies; the fabrication of electronic equipment and printed circuit boards; the machining of turbine engine components, and the assembly of packages or “kits” containing supplies for all branches of the United States Defense Department, including ordnance parts, hose assemblies, hydraulic, mechanical and electrical assemblies.

Since January 1, 2013 we have acquired the following businesses:

 
-
In July 2013 we acquired the assets and business of Decimal. Decimal’s principal business is the fabrication of brazed and welded precision sheet metal assemblies for the aerospace industry;
 
-
In November 2013, we acquired MSI.  MSI specializes in electromechanical systems, harness and cable assemblies, electronic equipment and printed circuit boards;
 
-
In April 2014 we acquired WPI.  WPI is a fabricator of precision sheet metal assemblies for aerospace applications;
 
-
In June 2014 we acquired Eur-Pac.  EPC specializes in military packaging and supplies all branches of the United States Defense Department with ordnance parts and kits, hose assemblies, hydraulic, mechanical and electrical assemblies;
 
-
In September 2014 we acquired ECC.  ECC specializes in wire harnesses and leads for the aerospace and other industries;
 
-
In October 2014 we acquired AMK. AMK has been a provider of welding services to the aerospace industry since 1964;
 
-
Most recently, effective March 1, 2015, we acquired Sterling. Sterling provides complex machining services and its business is concentrated with aircraft jet engine and ground turbine manufacturers.

As a result of the foregoing acquisitions, our revenues in 2014, with a contribution of only $1,838,000 from AMK and no contribution from Sterling (each of which had revenues for all of 2014 of $6,378,000 and $9,065,000, respectively), were $64,331,000.

The aerospace market is highly competitive in both the defense and commercial sectors and we face intense competition in all areas of our business.  Nearly all of our revenues are derived by producing products to customer specifications after being awarded a contract through a competitive bidding process.  As the commercial aerospace and defense industries continue to consolidate and major contractors seek to streamline supply chains by buying more complete sub-assemblies from fewer suppliers, we have sought to remain competitive not only by providing cost-effective world class service but also by increasing our ability to produce more complex and complete assemblies for our customers

Our ability to operate profitably is determined by our ability to win new contracts and renewals of existing contracts, and then fulfill these contracts on a timely basis at costs that enable us to generate a profit based upon the agreed upon contract price. Winning a contract generally requires that we submit a bid containing a fixed price for the product or products covered by the contract for an agreed upon period of time.  Thus, when submitting bids, we are required to estimate our future costs of production and, since we often rely upon subcontractors, the prices we can obtain from our subcontractors.

While our revenues are largely determined by the number of contracts we are awarded, the volume of product delivered and price of product under each contract, our costs are determined by a number of factors. The principal factors impacting our costs are the cost of materials and supplies, labor, financing and the efficiency at which we can produce our products. The cost of materials used in the aerospace industry is highly volatile. In addition, the market for the skilled labor we require to operate our plants is highly competitive. The profit margin of the various products we sell varies based upon a number of factors, including the complexity of the product, the intensity of the competition for such product and, in some cases, the ability to deliver replacement parts on short notice. Thus, in assessing our performance from one period to another, a reader must understand that changes in profit margin can be the result of shifts in the mix of products sold.
 
 
16

 
 
A very large percentage of the products we produce are used on military as opposed to civilian aircraft. These products can be replacements for aircraft already in the fleet of the armed services, or for the production of new aircraft. Reductions to the Defense Department budget have reduced the demand for both new production and replacement spares. This has reduced our sales, particularly in our complex machining segment. In response to the reduction in military sales, we are focusing greater efforts on the civilian aircraft market though we still remain dependent upon the military for an overwhelming portion of our revenues.

Segment Data

We follow FASB ASC 280, “Segment Reporting”, which establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments in annual and interim financial statements, and requires that companies report financial and descriptive information about their reportable segments based on a management approach. ASC 280 also establishes standards for related disclosures about products and services, geographic areas and major customers.

We currently divide our operations into three operating segments:  Complex Machining which consists of AIM and NTW; Aerostructures and Electronics which consists of WMI, WPI, MSI, Eur-Pac and ECC; and beginning in 2014, Turbine Engine Components which includes AMK and beginning March 2015, will include Sterling. As our businesses continue to develop and evolve, and we acquire additional companies, we may deem it appropriate to reallocate our companies into different operating segments and, once we achieve sufficient integration among our businesses, report as a unified company. Along with our operating subsidiaries, we report the results of our corporate division as an independent segment.

The accounting policies of each of the segments are the same as those described in the Summary of Significant Accounting Policies. We evaluate performance based on revenue, gross profit contribution and assets employed. Operating costs that are not directly attributable to a particular segment are included in Corporate. These costs include corporate costs such as legal, audit, tax and other professional fees including those related to being a public company.

Results of Operations
 
The results of operations of the businesses we have acquired are included in our financial results from their respective dates of acquisition.  Acquisitions completed since January 1, 2013, are shown below:
 
Acquisitions
Date of Acquisition
Decimal Industries, Inc.
July 1. 2013
Miller Stuart, Inc.
November 6, 2013
Woodbine Products, Inc.
April 1, 2014
Eur-Pac Corporation
June 1, 2014
Electronic Connection Corporation
September 1, 2014
AMK Welding, Inc.
October 1, 2014
The Sterling Engineering Corporation March 1, 2015
 
 
17

 
 
Years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013:
 
Selected Financial Information:
 
             
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net sales
  $ 64,331,000     $ 62,833,000  
Cost of sales
    50,233,000       47,598,000  
Gross profit
    14,098,000       15,235,000  
Operating expenses, acquisition costs and interest costs
    (13,658,000     (11,962,000
Other income (expense) net
    (141,000 )     296,000  
Income taxes benefit
    368,000       170,000  
Net Income
  $ 667,000     $ 3,739,000  
 
Balance Sheet Data:
 
   
   
December 31, 2014
   
December 31, 2013
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 1,418,000     $ 561,000  
Working capital
    16,176,000       12,531,000  
Total assets
    65,920,000       50,172,000  
Total stockholders' equity
  $ 28,272,000     $ 21,613,000  
 
 
18

 
 
 
The following sets forth the results of operations for each of our segments individually and on a consolidated basis for the periods indicated:
 
     
Year Ended December 31,
 
               
     
2014
   
2013
 
               
COMPLEX MACHINING
           
 
Net Sales
  $ 44,220,000     $ 49,203,000  
 
Gross Profit
    8,691,000       11,753,000  
 
Pre Tax Income
    1,074,000       4,273,000  
 
Assets
    60,409,000       33,207,000  
                   
AEROSTRUCTURES AND ELECTRONICS
               
 
Net Sales
    18,273,000       13,630,000  
 
Gross Profit
    4,812,000       3,482,000  
 
Pre Tax Loss
    (554,000 )     (203,000 )
 
Assets
    21,386,000       11,619,000  
                   
TURBINE ENGINE COMPONENTS
               
 
Net Sales
    1,838,000       -  
 
Gross Profit
    595,000       -  
 
Pre Tax Income
    142,000       -  
 
Assets
    8,150,000       -  
                   
CORPORATE
                 
 
Net Sales
    -       -  
 
Gross Profit
    -       -  
 
Pre Tax Loss
    (363,000 )     (501,000 )
 
Assets
    20,066,000       9,647,000  
                   
CONSOLIDATED
               
 
Net Sales
    64,331,000       62,833,000  
 
Gross Profit
    14,098,000       15,235,000  
 
Pre Tax Income
    299,000       3,569,000  
 
Provision for Taxes
    (368,000 )     (170,000 )
 
Net Income
    667,000       3,739,000  
 
Elimination of Assets
    (44,091,000 )     (4,301,000 )
 
Assets
  $ 65,920,000     $ 50,172,000  
 
The following discussion of our results of operations constitutes management's review of the factors that affected our financial and operating performance for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto contained elsewhere in this report.
 
 
19

 
 
For 2014, we had three operating segments: Complex Machining comprised of AIM and NTW; Aerostructures and Electronics comprised of WMI (including Decimal and Woodbine Products), Eur-Pac (including ECC) and MSI and Turbine Engine Components comprised of AMK. For 2013, we had two operating segments, Complex Machining and Aerostructures and Electronics. Our Turbine Engine Component segment started with our acquisition of AMK on October 1, 2014 and beginning in March 2015, will include our newly acquired subsidiary, Sterling. We also separately report our corporate overhead.  
 
Net Sales:
 
Consolidated net sales for the year ended December 31, 2014 were approximately $64,331,000, an increase of $1,498,000, or 2.4%, compared with $62,833,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. Net sales of our Complex Machining segment were approximately $44,220,000, a decline of $4,983,000, or (10.1%), from $49,203,000 in the prior year. The nature of the parts manufactured by our Complex Machining segment are such that they tend to be larger, more complex and higher priced than many of the parts supplied by our other segments.  For example,  the landing gear for an F-18 fight aircraft can cost approximately $2,200,000, consequently, even a slight decline in the number of parts sold can lead to a significant decline in revenues and gross profit. The decline in sales at our Complex Machining segment was due to delays and reductions in government procurement orders due to Sequestration. Net sales of our Aerostructures & Electronics segment were approximately $18,273,000 and increased by $4,643,000, or 34.1%, from $13,630,000 in the prior year. The increase in sales was entirely related to acquisitions completed during 2013 and 2014. Net sales in our Turbine Engine Components segment were $1,838,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014, reflecting the operations of AMK from October 1, 2014.
 
As indicated in the table below, two customers represented 47.3% and three customers represented 56.0% of total sales for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
 
Customer
 
Percentage of Sales
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
             
Sikorsky Aircraft
    26.8       27.7  
Goodrich Landing Gear Systems
    20.5       18.3  
United States Department of Defense
    *       10.0  
 
* Customer was less than 10% of sales for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Sikorsky Aircraft and Goodrich Landing Gear Systems are units of United
Technologies Corporation.
 
As indicated in the table below, three customers represented 50.4% and two customers represented 42.9% of gross accounts receivable at December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
 
Customer
 
Percentage of Receivables
 
   
December
   
December
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Goodrich Landing Gear Systems
    29.0       20.1  
Northrup Grumman Corporation
    11.4       *  
GKN Aerospace
    10.0       22.8  
 
* Customer was less than 10% of Gross Accounts Receivable at December 31, 2013.
 
 
20

 
 
Gross Profit:
 
Consolidated gross profit from operations for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $14,098,000, a decrease of approximately $(1,137,000), or (7.5%), as compared to gross profit of $15,235,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. Consolidated gross profit as a percentage of sales was 21.9% and 24.2% for the years ending December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The decline in gross profit and gross margin percentage results primarily from a decline in both revenue and gross margin percentage within the Complex Machining sector which experienced a decline in sales and a change in the mix of sales as higher margin after-market sales accounted for most of the decline in sales.

Selling, General & Administrative (“SG&A”):

Consolidated SG&A costs for the year ended December 31, 2014 totaled approximately $12,363,000 and increased by $1,741,000, or 16.4%, compared to $10,622,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. Approximately $1,390.000, or 91.2%, of the increase in SG&A costs relates to the acquisitions during the year of Woodbine on April 1, Eur-Pac on June 1, and AMK on October 1, 2014 and a full year of costs at MSI versus just two months in 2013.

Interest and financing costs remained relatively constant at approximately $1,295,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to $1,340,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013, a decrease of approximately $(45,000), or (3.4%).

The Company recognized an income tax benefit of approximately $368,000 for year ended December 31, 2014 compared to an income tax benefit of $170,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013.  The tax benefit in 2014 was primarily the result of the reversal of prior period deferred tax liabilities and the over accrual of 2013 income taxes. In 2013, the tax benefit was the result of the Company's determination that it no longer needed to provide a valuation allowance on certain deferred tax assets. This was based upon the fact that management believes that due to the sustained profitability of the Company and the probability that such profitability will continue, the net deferred tax assets is more like than not to be realized.
 
Net income for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $667,000, a decrease of $(3,072,000), or (82.2%), compared to net income of $3,739,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013, for the reasons discussed above.
 
Impact of Inflation

Inflation has not had a material effect on our results of operations.
 
 
21

 
 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

We are highly leveraged and rely upon our ability to continue to borrow from PNC Bank N.A. ("PNC") to support operations and acquisitions. Substantially all of our assets are pledged as collateral under our existing loan agreements with PNC. Our Company is required to maintain a lockbox account with PNC, into which substantially all of its cash receipts are paid.  If PNC were to cease lending, our Company would lack funds to continue its operations.

Our Loan Facility with PNC was amended four times in 2014 most recently on December 31, 2014 in connection with mortgage refinancing related to the acquisition of AMK. In March 2015, the Loan Facility was amended again in connection with the acquisition of Sterling.

The Loan Facility now provides for maximum borrowings under a revolving loan of $23,000,000 (including an inventory sub-limit of $15,000,000) limited to the borrowing base as defined and four term loans, Term Loan A, initially in the amount of $2,613,000,  a second, Term Loan B which was issued October 1st in connection with the acquisition of AMK, initially in the amount of $3,500,000, a third, Term Loan C which was issued December 31st to satisfy the seller note issued in connection with the acquisition of AMK, initially in the amount of $2,500,000 and the fourth, Term Loan D which was issued in March 2015 in connection with the acquisition of Sterling, initially in the amount of $3,500,000. The maturity date of Term Loan A is November 30, 2016, and it is to be paid in thirty-one consecutive monthly principal installments, which commenced on the first business day of September 2014, and continue on the first business day of each month thereafter. The first thirty of the installments shall be in the amount of $31,859, with a thirty-first and final payment of any unpaid balance of principal and interest on the last business day of November 2016. The maturity date of Term Loan B is the first business day of November 2019, and it is to be paid in sixty consecutive monthly principal installments, which commence on the first business day of December 2014, and continue on the first business day of each month thereafter. The first fifty-nine of the installments shall be in the amount of $58,333, with a sixtieth and final payment of any unpaid principal and interest on the first business day of November 2019. The maturity date of Term Loan C is the first business day of January 2021, and it is to be paid in seventy two consecutive monthly principal installments, which commence on the first business day of February 2015, and continue on the first business day of each month thereafter. The first seventy-one of the installments shall be in the amount of $34,722, with a seventy second and final payment of any unpaid principal and interest on the first business day of January 2021. The maturity date of Term Loan D is November 30, 2016, and it is to be paid in twenty (20) consecutive monthly principal installments, the first nineteen (19) of which shall be in the amount of $62,847.22 commencing on the first business day of April, 2015, and continuing on the first business day of each month thereafter, with a twentieth (20th) and final payment of any unpaid balance of principal and interest payable on the last business day of November, 2016.

On April 1, 2014, we acquired, through WMI, all of the common stock of WPI for $2.4 million and 30,000 shares of the common stock of AIRI, valued at $9.68 per share, which was the closing share price on April 1, 2014. Additionally, a working capital adjustment in the amount of approximately $165,000 was paid in September of 2014.

On June 1, 2014, we acquired all of the common stock of EPC for $1.6 million and 20,000 shares of the common stock of AIRI, valued at $9.78 per share, which was the closing price on that date. Additionally, a working capital adjustment was due to the former stockholders of EPC in the amount of approximately $78,000 and was paid in August 2014.

On September 1, 2014, we acquired all of the common stock of ECC for $209,000. We financed the acquisition of ECC out of our working capital.

On June 3, 2014, in connection with our Registered Direct Offering (“the Offering”), we issued 1,170,000 shares of our common stock pursuant to a “shelf” registration statement on Form S-3 (File NO. 333-191748), declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 11, 2013.  Taglich Brothers, Inc. ("Taglich Brothers") acted as the exclusive placement agent for the Offering. The gross proceeds of the offering were $10,530,000, comprised of $9,530,000 in cash and $1,000,000 in the conversion of our Junior Subordinated Notes.  We paid Taglich Brothers a commission of approximately $842,000 and issued to it warrants to purchase up to 46,800 shares of common stock at a per share price of $11.25. Additionally, the Company paid legal fees on behalf of Taglich Brothers in the amount of $75,000 and paid a qualified independent underwriter approximately $50,000 for its services. We netted cash of approximately $8,562,000 from the Offering. The proceeds were used to acquire EPC, pay down debt, and applied to working capital.
 
 
22

 
 
On October 1, 2014, we acquired all of the common stock of AMK Technical Services, (“AMK”) for $6.9 million. The acquisition was financed by a new term loan (Term Loan B) from PNC in the amount of $3,500,000, a mortgage on the property of AMK in the amount of $2,500,000 in favor of the sellers of AMK, with the remainder coming from our general working capital.

As of December 31, 2014, our debt for borrowed monies in the amount of $27,721,000 consisted of the revolving credit note due to PNC in the amount of $17,672,000, the term loans due to PNC in the amount of $8,363,000, a note due the sellers of WMI in the aggregate amount of $41,000 and capitalized lease obligations of $1,645,000. This represents an increase of $10,225,000 in our debt for borrowed monies at December 31, 2013 of $17,496,000, when the revolving note due to PNC was $12,029,000, the term loan due to PNC was $1,948,000, the note due the sellers of WMI was $732,000, the principal of the outstanding Junior Subordinated Notes was $1,000,000 and capitalized lease obligations were $1,787,000. The increase in the amount outstanding under the revolving credit note and term loans principally reflects amounts borrowed to support our acquisitions and the increase in our inventory.

Anticipated uses of Cash

As a requirement of our Loan Facility substantially all of our cash receipts from operations are deposited into our lockbox account at PNC. These cash receipts are used to reduce our indebtedness under our revolving credit note and are then borrowed according to a borrowing base to support our operations.

Subject to the discretion of our Board of Directors and compliance with PNC’s loan covenants, we intend to continue to make quarterly dividend payments on our common stock. On January 24, 2014, we paid a dividend equal to $0.125 per share or $733,000 to all shareholders of record as of January 9, 2014. On April 22, 2014, we paid a dividend equal to $0.15 per share or $885,000 to all shareholders of record as of April 15, 2014. On July 10, 2014, we paid a dividend equal to $0.15 per share or $1,064,000 to all shareholders of record as of June 30, 2014 and on November 3, 2014, we paid a dividend equal to $0.15 per share or $1,065,000 to all shareholders of record as of October 20, 2014. On January 15, 2015 we paid a dividend equal to $0.15 per common share or $1,066,000 to all shareholders of record as of January 2, 2015.

We have paid quarterly dividends to our shareholders each quarter commencing with the first quarter of 2013.

Cash Flow

The following table summarizes our net cash flow from operating, investing and financing activities for the periods indicated below (in thousands):

   
Year ended
   
Year ended
 
   
December 31, 2014
   
December 31, 2013
 
             
Cash (used in) provided by
           
Operating activities
 
$
(2,799)
   
$
8,889
 
Investing activities
   
(9,663)
     
(1,118)
 
Financing activities
   
13,319
     
(7,700)
 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
$
857
   
$
71
 

Cash (Used In) Provided By Operating Activities

Cash (used in) provided by operating activities primarily consists of our net income adjusted for certain non-cash items and changes to working capital.
 
 
23

 
 
For the year ended December 31, 2014, our net cash used in operating activities of $2,799,000 was comprised of net income of $667,000 less $6,677,000 of cash used by changes in operating assets and liabilities plus adjustments for non-cash items of $3,211,000. Adjustments for non-cash items consisted primarily of depreciation of property and equipment of $2,364,000, amortization of capitalized engineering costs, intangibles and other items of $1,587,000, bad debt expense of $299,000 representing all amounts more than 120 days past due, and non-cash compensation of $42,000. These non-cash items were offset by $38,000 of deferred gain on the sale of real estate and $1,043,000 of deferred income taxes. The decrease in operating assets and liabilities consisted of a net decrease in Operating Assets of $4,627,000 and a net decrease in Operating Liabilities of $2,050,000. The decrease in Operating Assets was comprised of a decrease in accounts receivable of $2,417,000 due to the timing of shipments to and cash receipts from customers, a decrease in inventory of $1,802,000, and a net decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets of $408,000. The net decrease in Operating Liabilities was comprised of decreases in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $577,000 due to the timing of the receipt and payment of invoices, a decrease in income taxes payable of $1,425,000 and decreases in customer deposits of $93,000, partially offset by an increase in deferred rent of $45,000.

Cash Used in Investing Activities

Cash used in investing activities consists of capital expenditures for property and equipment, capitalized engineering costs and the cash payments for the businesses we  acquire. A description of capitalized engineering costs can be found below and in footnote 3 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in our Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended December 31, 2014.

For the year ended December 31, 2014 cash used in investing activities was $9,663,000. This was comprised of $8,757,000 for the acquisitions of WPI, EPC, ECC, and AMK, net of cash acquired, $335,000 for capitalized engineering costs and $571,000 for the purchase of property and equipment.

Cash Provided By Financing Activities

Cash provided by financing activities consists of the net proceeds from the sale of our equity securities, dividend payments, the borrowings and repayments under our credit facilities with our senior lender, and increases in and repayment of capital lease obligations and other notes payable.

For the year ended December 31, 2014, cash provided by financing activities was $13,319,000. This was comprised of $8,562,000 in net proceeds from the offering of our common stock, additional borrowings of $7,328,000 under our term loans and $3,142,000 under our revolving credit facility, partially offset by repayments on our term loans of $913,000, repayments under our capital leases of $143,000, and $691,000 paid to the former shareholders of WMI; $3,748,000 used for dividends, deferred financing costs of $151,000 and $67,000 related to lease impairment.

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
 
The following table sets forth our future contractual obligations as of December 31, 2014:
 
   
Payment due by period   (in thousands)
         
Less than
      1-3       3-5      
More than
 
   
Total
   
1 year*
     
years
     
years
     
5 years
 
Long term debt and capital leases
  $ 27,956     $ 19,593     $ 5,105     $ 2,800     $ 458  
Operating leases
    18,930       1,931       3,746       3,337       9,916  
Total
  $ 46,886     $ 21,524     $ 8,851     $ 6,137     $ 10,374  
 
* The revolving line of credit with our senior lender is classified as due in less than 1 year

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS

We did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements as of December 31, 2014.
 
 
24

 

Critical Accounting Policies

We have identified the policies below as critical to our business operations and the understanding of our financial results.

Inventory Valuation

The Company values inventory at the lower of cost on a first-in-first-out basis or market.

We generally purchase raw materials and supplies uniquely suited to the production of larger more complex parts, such as landing gear, only when non-cancellable contracts for orders have been received for finished goods. We occasionally produce larger more complex products, such as landing gear, finished goods in excess of purchase order quantities in anticipation of future purchase order demand. Historically this excess has been used in fulfilling future purchase orders. We purchase supplies and materials useful in a variety of products as deemed necessary even though orders have not been received.  The Company periodically evaluates inventory items that are not secured by purchase orders and establishes reserves for obsolescence accordingly. The Company also reserves for excess quantities, slow-moving goods, and for other impairments of value.

The Company presents inventory net of progress billings in accordance with the specified contractual arrangements with the United States Government, which results in the transfer of title of the related inventory from the Company to the United States Government, when such progress payments are received.

Capitalized Engineering Costs

The Company has contractual agreements with customers to produce parts, which the customers design. Though the Company has not designed and thus has no proprietary ownership of the parts, the manufacturing of these parts requires pre-production engineering and programming of our machines. The pre-production costs associated with a particular contract are capitalized and then amortized beginning with the first shipment of product pursuant to such contract. These costs are amortized on a straight line basis over the shorter of the estimated length of the contract, or three years.

If the Company is reimbursed for all or a portion of the pre-production expenses associated with a particular contract, only the unreimbursed portion would be capitalized. The Company may also progress bill customers for certain engineering costs being incurred. Such billings are recorded as progress billings (a reduction of the associated inventory) until the appropriate revenue recognition criteria have been met. The Terms and Conditions contained in customer purchase orders may provide for liquidated damages in the event that a stop-work order is issued prior to the final delivery of the product.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, "Revenue Recognition." The Company recognizes revenue when products are shipped and/or the customer takes ownership and assumes risk of loss, collection of the relevant receivable is probable, persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, and the sales price is fixed or determinable. Payments received in advance from customers for products delivered are recorded as customer deposits until earned, at which time revenue is recognized. The Terms and Conditions contained in our customer Purchase orders often provide for liquidated damages in the event that a stop work order is issued prior to the final delivery. The Company utilizes a Returned Merchandise Authorization or RMA process for determining whether to accept returned products. Customer requests to return products are reviewed by the contracts department and if the request is approved, a credit is issued upon receipt of the product. Net sales represent gross sales less returns and allowances. Freight out is included in operating expenses.

The Company recognizes certain revenues under a bill and hold arrangement with two of its large customers. For any requested bill and hold arrangement, the Company makes an evaluation as to whether the bill and hold arrangement qualifies for revenue recognition. The customer must initiate the request for the bill and hold arrangement. The customer must have made this request in writing in addition to their fixed commitment to purchase the item. The risk of ownership has passed to the customer, payment terms are not modified and payment will be made as if the goods had shipped.
 
 
25

 
 
Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with accounting guidance now codified as FASB ASC 740, "Income Taxes," which requires that the Company recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets based on the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates in effect in the years the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred income tax benefit (expense) results from the change in net deferred tax assets or deferred tax liabilities. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely than not that some or all deferred tax assets will not be realized.

The Company accounts for uncertainties in income taxes under the provisions of FASB ASC 740-10-05, "Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes." The ASC clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise's financial statements. The ASC prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  The ASC provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation expense in accordance with FASB ASC 718, "Compensation – Stock Compensation." Under the fair value recognition provision of the ASC, stock-based compensation cost is estimated at the grant date based on the fair value of the award. The Company estimates the fair value of stock options and warrants granted using the Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model.

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of the acquisition cost of businesses over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired. Goodwill is not amortized, but is tested at least annually for impairment, or if circumstances change that will more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount.  

The Company accounts for the impairment of goodwill under the provisions of ASU 2011-08 (“ASU 2011-08”), “Intangibles Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Goodwill for Impairment.” ASU 2011-08 updated the guidance on the periodic testing of goodwill for impairment. The updated guidance gives companies the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount.

The Company performs impairment testing for goodwill annually, or more frequently when indicators of impairment exist, using a three-step approach. Step “zero” is a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. Step one compares the fair value of the net assets of the relevant reporting unit (calculated using a discounted cash flow method) to its carrying value, a second step is performed to compute the amount of the impairment. In this process, a fair value for goodwill is estimated, based in part on the fair value of the operations, and is compared to its carrying value. The shortfall of the fair value below carrying value represents the amount of goodwill impairment.

Long-Lived and Intangible Assets

Identifiable intangible assets are amortized using the straight-line method over the period of expected benefit. Long-lived assets and intangible assets subject to amortization to be held and used are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the related carrying amount may be impaired. The Company records an impairment loss if the undiscounted future cash flows are found to be less than the carrying amount of the asset. If an impairment loss has occurred, a charge is recorded to reduce the carrying amount of the asset to fair value. There has been no impairment as of December 31, 2014 and 2013.
 
 
26

 
 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Effective January 1, 2014, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-11, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists” (“ASU 2013-11”). ASU 2013-11 is expected to reduce diversity in practice by providing guidance on the presentation of unrecognized tax benefits and will better reflect the manner in which an entity would settle at the reporting date any additional income taxes that would result from the disallowance of a tax position when net operating loss carryforwards, similar tax losses, or tax credit carryforwards exist. This guidance is effective prospectively for the Company for annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2014.  The adoption of ASU 2013-11 did not have a material effect on the Company's financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASU 2014-09”).  The amendments in ASU 2014-09 affect any entity that either enters into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services or enters into contracts for the transfer of nonfinancial assets unless those contracts are within the scope of other standards (e.g., insurance contracts or lease contracts). This ASU will supersede the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605, “Revenue Recognition” and most industry-specific guidance and creates ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.”

The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve that core principle, an entity should apply the following steps:

Step 1: Identify the contract(s) with a customer.
Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract.
Step 3: Determine the transaction price.
Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract.
Step 5: Recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

ASU 2014-09 is effective for public entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period.  The Company is currently evaluating the effects of the adoption of ASU 2014-09 on its consolidated financial statements.

In November 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-17, “Business Combinations: Pushdown Accounting” (ASU 2014-17”). ASU 2014-17 provides an acquired entity with an option to apply pushdown accounting in its separate financial statements upon occurrence of an event in which an acquirer obtains control of the acquired entity. The acquired entity may elect the option to apply pushdown accounting in the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurs. If pushdown accounting is not applied in the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurs, an acquired entity will have the option to elect to apply pushdown accounting in a subsequent reporting period as a change in accounting principle in accordance with ASC Topic 250, “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections”. If pushdown accounting is applied to an individual change-in-control event, that election is irrevocable. ASU 2014-17 also requires an acquired entity that elects the option to apply pushdown accounting in its separate financial statements to disclose information in the current reporting period that enables users of financial statements to evaluate the effect of pushdown accounting. We adopted the amendments in ASU 2014-17, effective November 18, 2014, as the amendments in the update are effective upon issuance. The adoption did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In January 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-01, “Income Statement – Extraordinary and Unusual Items (Subtopic 225-20): Simplifying Income Statement Presentation by Eliminating the Concept of Extraordinary Items (“ASU 2015-01”). ASU 2015-01 eliminates the concept of an extraordinary item from accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. As a result, an entity will no longer be required to segregate extraordinary items from the results of ordinary operations, to separately present an extraordinary item on its income statement, net of tax, after income from continuing operations or to disclose income taxes and earnings-per-share data applicable to an extraordinary item. However, ASU 2015-01 will still retain the presentation and disclosure guidance for items that are unusual in nature and occur infrequently. ASU 2015-01 becomes effective for interim and annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of adopting  ASU 2015-01 on its consolidated financial statements but the adoption is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
 
The Company does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards if currently adopted would have a material effect on the accompanying financial statements.

JOBS Act

On April 5, 2012, the JOBS Act was signed into law. The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, reduce certain reporting requirements for qualifying public companies. As an “emerging growth company,” we may, under Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act, delay adoption of new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies until such standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We may take advantage of this extended transition period until the first to occur of the date that we (i) are no longer an "emerging growth company" or (ii) affirmatively and irrevocably opt out of this extended transition period. We have elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Our consolidated financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards. Until the date that we are no longer an "emerging growth company" or affirmatively and irrevocably opt out of the exemption provided by Securities Act Section 7(a)(2)(B), upon issuance of a new or revised accounting standard that applies to our consolidated financial statements and that has a different effective date for public and private companies, we will disclose the date on which adoption is required for non-emerging growth companies and the date on which we will adopt the recently issued accounting standard.
 
 
27

 
 
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Consolidated Financial Statements

The financial statements required by this item begin on page F-1 hereof.
 
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.
 
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

An evaluation was conducted under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), its principal executive officer, and Chief Accounting Officer (“CAO”), its principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of December 31, 2014. Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CAO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2014.

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requires that management document and test the Company’s internal control over financial reporting and include in this Annual Report on Form 10-K a report on management’s assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting.

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting for the Company. Internal control over financial reporting refers to the process designed by, or under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Accounting Officer, and effected by our Board of Directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and includes those policies and procedures that:

(1) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets;

(2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with the authorization of our management and directors; and
 
 
28

 
 
(3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

The management designed an evaluation process that meets the needs of its company and that provides reasonable assurance for its assessment based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Tread way Commission.

In connection with their review of our internal controls over financial reporting for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Accounting Officer have concluded that our internal controls over financial reporting were effective as of December 31, 2014.

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. The rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission do not require an attestation of the Management’s report by our registered public accounting firm in this annual report.

Change in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no other changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our fiscal quarter and year ended December 31, 2014 that have materially affected, or are reasonable likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.. 
 
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION.

None
 
 
29

 
 
PART III
 
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance
 
Incorporated by reference from the information in our Proxy Statement for our 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which we will file with the SEC within 120 days of the end of the fiscal year to which this Annual Report relates.
 
Item 11. Executive Compensation
 
Incorporated by reference from the information in our Proxy Statement for our 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which we will file with the SEC within 120 days of the end of the fiscal year to which this Annual Report relates.
 
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
Incorporated by reference from the information in our Proxy Statement for our 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which we will file with the SEC within 120 days of the end of the fiscal year to which this Annual Report relates.
 
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
 
Incorporated by reference from the information in our Proxy Statement for our 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which we will file with the SEC within 120 days of the end of the fiscal year to which this Annual Report relates.
 
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
 
Incorporated by reference from the information in our Proxy Statement for our 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which we will file with the SEC within 120 days of the end of the fiscal year to which this Annual Report relates.
 
 
30

 
 
PART IV

ITEM 15.  EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

Exhibit No.  Description
2.1
Agreement and Plan of Merger dated July 29, 2013 between Air Industries Group, Inc. and Air Industries Group (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 30, 2013).
   
2.2
Articles of Merger between Air Industries Group and Air Industries Group, Inc. filed with the Secretary of State of Nevada on August 28, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 30, 2013).
   
2.3
Certificate of Merger between Air Industries Group and Air Industries Group, Inc. filed with the Secretary of State of Nevada on August 29, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 30, 2013).
   
3.1
Articles of Incorporation of Air Industries Group (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 30, 2013).
   
3.2
Amended and Restated By-Laws of the Registrant.
   
4.1
Form of Warrant Agreement dated as of December 31, 2008 between the Registrant and Taglich Brothers, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed January 7, 2009).
   
4.2
 Form of Placement Agent’s Warrant Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 29, 2014).
   
 
10.1
Contract of Sale, dated as of November 7, 2005, by and between KPK Realty Corp. and Gales Industries Incorporated for the purchase of the property known as 1460 North Fifth Avenue and 1479 North Clinton Avenue, Bay Shore, NY (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed December 6, 2005).
   
10.2 
Mortgage and Security Agreement, dated as of November 30, 2005, by and between Air Industries Machining, Corp. and PNC Bank (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.20 of the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed December 6, 2005).
   
10.3 
Long Term Agreement, dated as of August 18, 2000, between Air Industries Machining, Corp. and Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.21 of the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed December 6, 2005).
   
10.4 
Long Term Agreement, dated as of September 7, 2000, between Air Industries Machining, Corp. and Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.22 of the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed December 6, 2005).

10.5 
Stock Purchase Agreement, dated March 9, 2009, between Gales Industries Incorporated and John Gantt and Lugenia Gantt, the shareholders of Welding Metallurgy, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K   filed March 14, 2009).
   
10.6
Amendment No. 1 dated August 2, 2009 to the Stock Purchase Agreement, dated March 9, 2009, between Gales Industries Incorporated and John Gantt and Lugenia Gantt, the shareholders of Welding Metallurgy, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed August 3, 2009).
 
 
31

 

10.7 
7% Promissory Note of Registrant in the principal amount of $2,000,000 in favor of John and Lugenia Gantt (incorporated by reference from the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 26, 2009).
   
10.8
Registration Rights Agreement dated as of August 24, 2009 by and among the Registrant and John and Lugenia Gantt (incorporated by reference from the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 26, 2009).
   
10.9
Amended and Restated Promissory Note dated as of August 26, 2009 payable to John and Lugenia Gantt (the "Amended and Restated Gantt Note") (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.46 to the Registrant's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007 (the “2007 Form 10-K”).
   
10.10
Amendment dated as of October 9, 2009 to Amended and Restated Gantt Note (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.47 to the Registrant's 2007 Form 10-K).
   
10.11 
Amended and Restated Revolving Credit, Term Loan and Security Agreement (the “PNC Loan Agreement”) dated June 27, 2013 by and among PNC Bank, National Association, as Lender and Agent, and Air Industries Machining, Corp., Welding Metallurgy, Inc., Nassau Tool Works, Inc. and Air Industries Group, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed June 27, 2013).
   
10.12
Guarantor’s Ratification by Air Industries Group, Inc. under PNC Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed June 27, 2013).
   
10.13 
Securities Purchase Agreement for sale of junior subordinated notes and series B convertible preferred stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 7, 2010).
   
10.14 
Junior Subordinated Note due 2010 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 7, 2010).
   
10.15
Asset Purchase Agreement dated as of June 20, 2012 among the Registrant, Nassau Tool Works, Inc., Vincent DiCarlo and Robert E. Hunt (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.22 to the Registrant's Form 10).
   
10.16
Assignment and Assumption Agreement dated as of June 20, 2012 between the Registrant and NTW Operating Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.23 to the Registrant's Form 10).
   
10.17
2010 Equity Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.24 to the Registrant's Form 10).
   
10.18
Subscription documents for purchase of common stock and conversion of junior subordinated notes into common stock. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.25 to the Registrant's Form 10).
   
10.19 
Placement Agent Agreement dated as of May 21, 2012 between the Registrant and Taglich Brothers Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.26 to the Registrant's Form 10).
   
10.20
2013 Equity Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant's Registration Statement on Form S-8 (Registration No. 333-191560) filed on October 4, 2013).
   
10.21
Common Stock Purchase Agreement dated October 25, 2013 with Kimura Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 29, 2013).
   
10.22
First Amendment to PNC Loan Agreement (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.22 to the Registrant's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 (the “2013 Form 10-K”).
   
10.23
Amended and Restated PNC Loan Agreement (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.23 to the Registrant's 2013 Form 10-K.)
 
 
32

 
 
10.24
Amended and Restated Revolving Credit Note issued under the PNC Loan Agreement (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.24 to the Registrant's 2013 Form 10-K.)
   
10.25 Second Amendment to Term Note issued under the PNC Loan Agreement (incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.25 to the Registrant's 2013 Form 10-K.)  .
   
10.26 Stock Purchase Agreement dated as of April 1, 2014 by and among WMI and the shareholders of Woodbine Products, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 2, 2014).
   
10.27
Third Amendment to Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement with PNC Bank, N.A (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 2, 2014).
   
10.28 Form of Subscription Agreement, dated as of May 28, 2014(incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 29, 2014).
   
10.29 Placement Agent Agreement, dated as of May 28, 2014, between the Registrant and Taglich Brothers, Inc.(incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 29, 2014).
   
10.30 Stock Purchase Agreement dated as of June 4, 2014, by and among the Registrant and the shareholders of Eur-Pac Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed June 4, 2014).
   
10.31 Stock Purchase Agreement dated as of October 1, 2014, between the Registrant and Dynamic Materials Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed (October 2, 2014).
   
10.32 Promissory Note of Registrant payable to AMK Welding, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 tothe Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 2, 2014).
   
10.33 Mortgage and Security Agreement in favor of Dynamic Materials Corporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 2, 2014).
   
10.34 Term Note (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 2, 2014).
   
10.35 Capital Market Advisory Agreement dated as of January 1, 2014 between the Registrant and Taglich Brothers, Inc.
   
10.36 Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of February 27, 2015, by and among the Registrant, SEC Acquisition Corp., The Sterling Engineering Corporation (“Old Sterling”) and the shareholders of Old Sterling (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 5, 2015).
   
10.37 Term Note in the principal amount of $3,500,000 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 10, 2015).
   
10.38 Open End Mortgage Deed and Security Agreement with respect to South Windsor, Connecticut premises (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 10, 2015).
 
 
33

 
 
10.39 Collateral Assignment of Rents, Leases and Profits with respect to South Windsor, Connecticut premises (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 10, 2015).
   
10.40 Open End Mortgage Deed and Security Agreement with respect to Barkhamsted, Connecticut premises (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 10, 2015).
   
10.41 Collateral Assignment of Rents, Leases and Profits with respect to Barkhamsted, Connecticut premises (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 10, 2015).
   
10.42 Offer Letter to Daniel R. Godin.
   
14.1 Code of Ethics (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 14.1 to the Registrant's Registration Statement on Form SB-2 (Registration No. 333-144561) filed July 13, 2009 and declared effective July 27, 2009).
   
21.1 
Subsidiaries.
   
23.1
Consent of Rotenberg Meril Solomon Bertiger & Guttilla, P.C.
   
31.1 
Certification of principal executive officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14 or Rule 15d-14 of Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
   
31.2    
Certification of principal financial officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14 or Rule 15d-14 of the Exchange Act of 1934.
   
32.1     
Certification of principal executive officer pursuant to Section 906 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. Section 1350).
   
32.2     
Certification of principal financial officer pursuant to Section 906 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. Section 1350).
 
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
34

 
 
SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
Dated: March 31, 2015
 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
 
       
 
By:
/s/ Daniel R. Godin
 
   
Daniel R. Godin
President and CEO
(principal executive officer)
 
 
       
 
By:
/s/  James Sartori
 
   
 James Sartori
Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer
(principal financial and accounting officer)
 
       
                                                                                                                                                                             
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant on March 31, 2015 in the capacities indicated.
 
Signature
 
Capacity
     
/s/ Daniel R. Godin
   
Daniel R. Godin
 
President and CEO
     
/s/James Sartori
   
 James Sartori
 
Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer
     
/s/ Michael N. Taglich
   
Michael N. Taglich
 
Chairman of the Board
     
/s/ Seymour G. Siegel
   
Seymour G. Siegel
 
Director
     
/s/ Robert F. Taglich
   
Robert F. Taglich
 
Director
     
/s/ David J. Buonanno
   
David J. Buonanno
 
Director
     
/s/ Robert Schroeder
   
Robert Schroeder
 
Director
     
/s/ Michael Brand
   
Michael Brand
 
Director
     
 
 
35

 
 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Air Industries Group

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Air Industries Group and Subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 and the related consolidated statements of income, changes in stockholders' equity and cash flows for the years then ended. The consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 and the results of their operations and cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
/s/ ROTENBERG MERIL SOLOMON BERTIGER & GUTTILLA, P.C.
ROTENBERG MERIL SOLOMON BERTIGER & GUTTILLA, P.C.
Saddle Brook, New Jersey
March 31, 2015
 
 
F-1

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
ASSETS
           
Current Assets
           
  Cash and Cash Equivalents
  $ 1,418,000     $ 561,000  
  Accounts Receivable, Net of Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
    of $1,566,000 and $783,000, respectively
    11,916,000       8,584,000  
  Inventory
    28,391,000       26,222,000  
  Deferred Tax Asset
    1,421,000       1,051,000  
  Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
    875,000       510,000  
Total Current Assets
    44,021,000       36,928,000  
                 
Property and Equipment, Net
    9,557,000       6,523,000  
Capitalized Engineering Costs - Net of Accumulated Amortization
    of $4,184,000 and $3,879,000, respectively
    712,000       752,000  
Deferred Financing Costs, Net, Deposit and Other Assets
    825,000       605,000  
Intangible Assets, Net
    4,513,000       4,726,000  
Deferred Tax Asset
    858,000       185,000  
Goodwill
    5,434,000       453,000  
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 65,920,000     $ 50,172,000  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Current Liabilities
               
  Notes Payable and Capitalized Lease Obligations - Current Portion
  $ 19,508,000     $ 14,969,000  
  Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
    6,948,000       6,855,000  
  Lease Impairment - Current
    56,000       71,000  
  Deferred Gain on Sale - Current Portion
    38,000       38,000  
  Customer Deposits
    158,000       251,000  
  Dividends Payable
    1,066,000       717,000  
  Income Taxes Payable
    71,000       1,496,000  
Total Current Liabilities
    27,845,000       24,397,000  
                 
Long Term Liabilities
               
  Notes Payable and Capitalized  Lease Obligations - Net of Current Portion
    8,213,000       2,527,000  
  Lease Impairment - Net of Current Portion
    4,000       56,000  
  Deferred Gain on Sale - Net of Current Portion
    409,000       447,000  
  Deferred Rent
    1,177,000       1,132,000  
TOTAL LIABILITIES
    37,648,000       28,559,000  
 
 
F-2

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Continued)
 
   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
    2014     2013  
Commitments and Contingencies
           
             
Stockholders' Equity
           
Preferred Stock  Par Value $.001 - Authorized 1,000,000 Shares, None Issued and Outstanding at December 31, 2014 and 2013
    -       -  
Common Stock - Par Value $.001 - Authorized 25,000,000 Shares, 7,108,677 and 5,844,093 Shares Issued and Outstanding as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively
    7,000       6,000  
Additional Paid-In Capital
    42,790,000       36,799,000  
Accumulated Deficit
    (14,525,000 )     (15,192,000 )
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
    28,272,000       21,613,000  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
  $ 65,920,000      $ 50,172,000  
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
F-3

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
Consolidated Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
             
Net Sales
  $ 64,331,000     $ 62,833,000  
                 
Cost of Sales
    50,233,000       47,598,000  
                 
Gross Profit
    14,098,000       15,235,000  
                 
Operating Expenses
    11,960,000       10,594,000  
                 
Acquisition Costs
    403,000       28,000  
                 
Income from Operations
    1,735,000       4,613,000  
                 
Interest and Financing Costs
    (1,295,000 )     (1,340,000 )
                 
Other (Expense) Income, Net
    (141,000 )     296,000  
                 
Income before Provision for Income Taxes
    299,000       3,569,000  
                 
Benefit from Income Taxes
    368,000       170,000  
                 
Net income
  $ 667,000     $ 3,739,000  
                 
Income per share - basic
  $ 0.10     $ 0.65  
Income per share - diluted
  $ 0.10     $ 0.63  
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
    6,591,755       5,739,014  
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
    6,915,688       5,932,726  
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
F-4

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
For the Years Ended December 31, 2014 and 2013
 
   
Preferred Stock
   
 
Common Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
   
Accumulated
   
Total
Stockholders'
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Deficit
   
Equity
 
Balance, January 1, 2013
    -     $ -       5,711,093     $ 6,000     $ 37,913,000     $ (18,931,000 )   $ 18,988,000  
Issuance of Shares For Private Placement
    -       -       133,000       -       997,000       -       997,000  
Dividends Paid
    -       -       -       -       (1,432,000 )     -       (1,432,000 )
Dividends Payable
    -       -       -       -       (717,000 )     -       (717,000 )
Stock Compensation Expense
    -       -       -       -       38,000       -       38,000  
Net Income
    -       -       -       -       -       3,739,000       3,739,000  
 Balance, December 31, 2013
    -       -       5,844,093       6,000       36,799,000       (15,192,000 )     21,613,000  
Issuance of Shares For Public Offering
    -       -       1,170,000       1,000       9,561,000       -       9,562,000  
Issuance of Shares For Acquisitions
    -       -       50,000       -       485,000       -       485,000  
Exercise of Options/Warrants
    -       -       44,584       -       -       -       -  
Dividends Paid
    -       -       -       -       (3,031,000 )     -       (3,031,000 )
Dividends Payable
    -       -       -       -       (1,066,000 )     -       (1,066,000 )
Stock Compensation Expense
    -       -       -       -       42,000       -       42,000  
Net Income
    -       -       -       -       -       667,000       667,000  
 Balance, December 31, 2014
    -     $ -       7,108,677     $ 7,000     $ 42,790,000     $ (14,525,000 )   $ 28,272,000  
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
F-5

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31,
 
             
   
2014
   
2013
 
             
 CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
           
 Net Income
  $ 667,000     $ 3,739,000  
   Adjustments to reconcile net income to net
               
     cash provided by (used in) operating activities
               
Depreciation of property and equipment
    2,364,000       1,709,000  
Amortization of intangible assets
    1,163,000       1,163,000  
Amortization of capitalized engineering costs
    375,000       430,000  
Bad debt expense
    299,000       394,000  
Non-cash compensation expense
    42,000       38,000  
Amortization of deferred financing costs
    49,000       69,000  
Negative goodwill resulting from the bargain purchase acquisition
    -       (361,000 )
Gain on sale of real estate
    (38,000 )     (38,000 )
Deferred income taxes
    (1,043,000 )     (1,236,000 )
                 
Changes in Assets and Liabilities
               
 (Increase) Decrease in Operating Assets:
               
Accounts receivable
    (2,417,000 )     2,871,000  
Inventory
    (1,802,000 )     440,000  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    (244,000 )     35,000  
Deposits
    (46,000 )     134,000  
Other assets
    (118,000 )     20,000  
 Increase (Decrease) in Operating Liabilities:
               
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    (577,000 )     (892,000 )
Deferred rent
    45,000       75,000  
Income taxes payable
    (1,425,000 )     48,000  
Customer deposits
    (93,000 )     251,000  
 NET CASH (USED IN) PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES
    (2,799,000 )     8,889,000  
                 
 CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
               
Cash paid for acquisitions
    (8,930,000 )     (457,000 )
Cash acquired in acquisitions     173,000       7,000  
Capitalized engineering costs
    (335,000 )     (380,000 )
Purchase of property and equipment
    (571,000 )     (288,000 )
 NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES
    (9,663,000 )     (1,118,000 )
                 
 CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING  ACTIVITIES
               
Proceeds from public issuance in 2014 and private placement in 2013
    9,530,000       997,000  
Costs to raise capital
    (968,000 )     -  
Notes payable - sellers
    (691,000 )     (644,000 )
Capital lease obligations
    (143,000 )     (996,000 )
Note payable - revolver
    3,142,000       (3,637,000 )
Proceeds from note payable - term loans
    7,328,000       -  
Payments of note payable - term loans
    (913,000 )     (1,800,000 )
Deferred financing costs
    (151,000 )     (102,000 )
Payments related to lease impairment
    (67,000 )     (85,000 )
Dividends paid
    (3,748,000 )     (1,433,000 )
 NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES
    13,319,000       (7,700,000 )
                 
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    857,000       71,000  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF YEAR
    561,000       490,000  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF YEAR
  $ 1,418,000     $ 561,000  
 
 
F-6

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows For the Year Ended December 31, (Continued)
 
    2014     2013  
             
Supplemental cash flow information
           
Cash paid during the period for interest
  $ 1,074,000     $ 1,188,000  
                 
Supplemental cash flow information
               
Cash paid during the period for income taxes
  $ 2,494,000     $ 1,061,000  
                 
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities
               
Conversion of junior subordinated notes
  $ 1,000,000     $ -  
                 
Dividends payable
  $ 1,066,000     $ 717,000  
                 
Purchase of substantially all assets of AMK Welding, Inc. and assumption
               
  of liabilities in the acquisition as follows:
               
Fair Value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 5,637,000     $ -  
Intangible assets, subject to amortization
    950,000       -  
Goodwill
    651,000       -  
Cash acquired
    168,000          
Liabilities assumed
    (453,000 )     -  
Due to seller
    (2,500,000 )     -  
Cash paid for acquisition
  $ 4,453,000     $ -  
                 
Purchase of stock of Woodbine Products, Inc.
               
Fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 309,000     $ -  
Goodwill
    2,565,000       -  
Liabilities assumed
    (19,000 )     -  
Common stock issued
    (290,000 )     -  
Cash paid for acquisition
  $ 2,565,000     $ -  
                 
Purchase of stock of Eur-Pac Corporation
               
Fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 412,000     $ -  
Goodwill
    1,656,000       -  
Liabilities assumed
    (170,000 )     -  
Common stock issued
    (195,000 )     -  
Cash paid for acquisition
  $ 1,703,000     $ -  
                 
Purchase of stock of Electronic Connection Corporation
               
Fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 126,000     $ -  
Goodwill
    109,000       -  
Cash acquired
    5,000          
Liabilities assumed
    (31,000 )     -  
Cash paid for acquisition
  $ 209,000     $ -  
                 
Purchase of certain assets of Decimal Industries, Inc.
               
Fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ -     $ 975,000  
Due to sellers of Decimal Industries, Inc.
    -       (660,000 )
Cash paid for acquisition
  $ -     $ 315,000  
                 
Purchase of stock of Miller Stuart, Inc
               
Fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ -     $ 506,000  
Cash acquired
    -       7,000  
Liabilities assumed
    -       (10,000 )
Negative goodwill resulting from the bargain purchase acquisition
    -       (361,000 )
Cash paid for acquisition
  $ -     $ 142,000  
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
F-7

 
  
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1. FORMATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Organization

On August 30, 2013, Air Industries Group, Inc. (“Air Industries Delaware”) changed its state of incorporation from Delaware to Nevada as a result of a merger with and into its recently formed wholly-owned subsidiary, Air Industries Group, a Nevada corporation (“Air Industries Nevada” or “AIRI”) and the surviving entity, pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger. The reincorporation was approved by the stockholders of Air Industries Delaware at its 2013 Annual Meeting of Stockholders. Air Industries Nevada is deemed to be the successor.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements presented are those of AIRI, and its wholly-owned subsidiaries; Air Industries Machining Corporation (“AIM”), Welding Metallurgy, Inc. ("WMI" or “Welding”), Miller Stuart, Inc. (“Miller Stuart”), Nassau Tool Works, Inc. (“NTW”), Woodbine Products, Inc. (“Woodbine” or “WPI”) effective April 1, 2014, Eur-Pac Corporation (“Eur-Pac” or “EPC”) effective June 1, 2014, Electronic Connection Corporation (“ECC”), effective September 1, 2014, and AMK Welding, Inc. (“AMK”) effective October 1, 2014  (together, the “Company”).

Note 2. ACQUISITIONS

Decimal
On July 1, 2013, the Company through its WMI subsidiary acquired certain assets including production equipment, inventory and intangible assets of Decimal Industries, Inc. (“Decimal”).  The assets are being operated as part of WMI. Decimal is a long established Long Island based manufacturer of precision welded and brazed aerospace chassis and other components housing avionics, radars and other electronic devices in aircraft and naval vessels. Decimal’s customers include major aerospace contractors. The acquisition not only adds to the existing customer base, but brings new capabilities to WMI and the group.

The acquisition of Decimal was accounted for under FASB ASC 805, "Business Combinations" ("ASC 805"). The purchase price of the assets was $975,000, which included inventory of approximately $665,000 valued at a percentage of completion including anticipated profit on sale and certain fixed assets with an approximate value of $310,000. The purchase price was paid as follows: $315,000 in cash at closing with the balance payable in eight equal monthly installments without interest in the amount of $76,667 commencing in August 2013, with a final payment in the amount of $46,766. The two owners of Decimal have become employees of the Company and are under contract until June 2018. As part of the transaction, the facility of Decimal had been leased for 12 months until June 2014. The Company combined and relocated the operations of Decimal into WMI’s facility in Hauppauge. At December 31, 2013, $277,000 was owed to the sellers of Decimal and is included in accounts payable and accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheet.

Miller Stuart
On November 6, 2013, the Company, through its WMI subsidiary, acquired all of the common stock of Miller Stuart for $142,000 of which $25,000 was due at the date of closing, with the remainder due on December 6, 2013. As a result of the acquisition, Miller Stuart became a division of WMI. Miller Stuart is a manufacturer of aerospace components whose customers include major aircraft manufacturers and the US Military. Miller Stuart specializes in electromechanical systems, harness and cable assemblies, electronic equipment and printed circuit boards. The acquisition of Miller Stuart will add to the existing customer base of AIRI and enhance the types of parts that AIRI can offer to its existing customers.

The acquisition of Miller Stuart was accounted for under ASC 805, and its results of operations have been included with WMI. The purchase price allocation is set forth below.
 
 
F-8

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Fair value of tangible assets acquired (including cash acquired of $7,000)
 
$
513,000
 
Liabilities assumed
   
(10,000
)
Negative goodwill resulting from the bargain purchase acquisition
   
(361,000
)
Total
 
$
142,000
 

As a result of the acquisition, the Company recognized a non-cash bargain purchase gain of $361,000 which is included in other income (expense), net in the December 31, 2013 consolidated statement of income.

Woodbine
On April 1, 2014, the Company, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Welding, acquired all of the common stock of Woodbine for $2.4 million and 30,000 shares of the common stock of AIRI.  The common stock was valued at $9.68 per share, which was the closing share price on April 1, 2014. Additionally, a working capital adjustment in the amount of $165,000 was paid to the former stockholders of Woodbine during June of 2014.  The Company financed the acquisition of Woodbine by increasing its borrowings on its existing revolving loan and term loan facilities (see Note 9).

Woodbine, founded in 1954,  is a long established manufacturer of aerospace components whose customers include major aircraft component suppliers. Woodbine specializes in welded and brazed chassis structures housing electronics in aircraft. Woodbine’s products and customers are very complementary to those of Decimal, the assets and business of which was acquired in July 2013 as described above.

The acquisition of Woodbine was accounted for under ASC 805.  The purchase price allocation is set forth below.

Fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 309,000  
Goodwill
    2,565,000  
Liabilities assumed
    (19,000 )
Total
  $ 2,855,000  
 
Eur-Pac
On June 1, 2014, the Company acquired all of the common stock of Eur-Pac for $1.6 million and 20,000 shares of the common stock of AIRI.  The common stock was valued at $9.78 per share, which was the closing share price on that date. Additionally, a working capital adjustment in the amount of $78,000 was paid in August 2014.  The Company financed the acquisition of Eur-Pac with the proceeds of its Registered Direct Offering (see Note 11).

Eur-Pac specializes in military packaging and supplies. Eur-Pac’s primary business is “kitting” of supplies for all branches of the United States Defense Department including ordnance parts, hose assemblies, hydraulic, mechanical and electrical assemblies.

The acquisition of Eur-Pac was accounted for under ASC 805.  The purchase price allocation is set forth below.

Fair Value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 412,000  
Goodwill
    1,656,000  
Liabilities assumed
    (170,000 )
Total
  $ 1,898,000  
 
 
F-9

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

ECC
On September 1, 2014, the Company through its wholly-owned subsidiary Eur-Pac, acquired all of the common stock of ECC for $209,000. The Company financed the acquisition from its regular working capital.

ECC is a manufacturer of stripped, terminated, bonded and tinned lead wires, used by a variety of contractors, manufacturers and OEMs.

The acquisition of ECC was accounted for under ASC 805.  The purchase price allocation is set forth below.

Fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 126,000  
Goodwill
    109,000  
Cash acquired
    5,000  
Liabilities assumed
    (31,000 )
Total
  $ 209,000  
 
AMK
On October 1, 2014, the Company acquired all of the common stock of AMK, for $6.9 million.  At closing, the Company paid $4,453,000 and issued a Seller Note and Mortgage of $2,500,000.  The note bore interest at the rate of 5% per annum and interest and principal were due and payable on or before December 31, 2014.  The note was paid in 2014 from the proceeds from the issuance of Term Loan B and the mortgage released in January 2015 (see Note 9).

AMK is a long established provider of sophisticated welding and machining services for diversified aerospace and industrial customers.

The acquisition of AMK was accounted for under ASC 805.  The purchase price allocation is set forth below.

Fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 5,637,000  
Intangible assets, subject to amortization
    950,000  
Goodwill
    651,000  
Cash acquired
    168,000  
Liabilities assumed
    (453,000 )
Total
  $ 6,953,000  
 
The below table sets forth selected financial information for the 2014 acquisitions for the period from the acquisition date through December 31, 2014.
    Woodbine     Eur-Pac     ECC       AMK  
Net sales
  $ 1,047,000     $ 2,756,000     $ 281,000     $ 1,838,000  
Income from operations
  $ 300,000     $ 637,000     $ 67,000     $ 359,000  
 
 
F-10

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 3. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Principal Business Activity

The Company through its AIM subsidiary is primarily engaged in manufacturing aircraft structural parts, and assemblies for prime defense contractors in the aerospace industry in the United States. NTW is a manufacturer of aerospace components, principally landing gear for F-16 and F-18 fighter aircraft. Welding is a specialty welding and products provider whose significant customers include the world's largest aircraft manufacturers, subcontractors, and original equipment manufacturers. Miller Stuart is a manufacturer of aerospace components whose customers include major aircraft manufacturers and the US Military. Miller Stuart specializes in electromechanical systems, harness and cable assemblies, electronic equipment and printed circuit boards. Woodbine is a manufacturer of aerospace components whose customers include major aircraft component suppliers. Woodbine specializes in welded and brazed chassis structures housing electronics in aircraft. Eur-Pac specializes in military packaging and supplies. Eur-Pac’s primary business is “kitting” of supplies for all branches of the United States Defense Department including ordnance parts, hose assemblies, hydraulic, mechanical and electrical assemblies. AMK is a provider of sophisticated welding and machining services for diversified aerospace and industrial customers.  The Company’s customers consist mainly of publically-traded companies in the aerospace industry.

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include all highly liquid instruments with an original maturity of three months or less.

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are reported at their outstanding unpaid principal balances net of allowances for uncollectible accounts. The Company provides for allowances for uncollectible receivables based on management's estimate of uncollectible amounts considering age, collection history, and any other factors considered appropriate. The Company writes off accounts receivable against the allowance for doubtful accounts when a balance is determined to be uncollectible.

Inventory Valuation

The Company values inventory at the lower of cost on a first-in-first-out basis or market.

The Company generally purchases raw materials and supplies uniquely suited to the production of larger more complex parts, such as landing gear, only when non-cancellable contracts for orders have been received for finished goods. It occasionally produces larger more complex products, such as landing gear, in excess of purchase order quantities in anticipation of future purchase order demand. Historically this excess has been used in fulfilling future purchase orders. The Company purchases supplies and materials useful in a variety of products as deemed necessary even though orders have not been received.  The Company periodically evaluates inventory items that are not secured by purchase orders and establishes reserves for obsolescence accordingly. The Company also reserves for excess quantities, slow-moving goods, and for other impairments of value.
 
 
F-11

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Company presents inventory net of progress billings in accordance with the specified contractual arrangements with the United States Government, which results in the transfer of title of the related inventory from the Company to the United States Government, when such progress payments are received.

The Company presents inventory net of progress billings in accordance with the specified contractual arrangements with the United States Government, which results in the transfer of title of the related inventory from the Company to the United States Government, when such progress payments are received.

Capitalized Engineering Costs

The Company has contractual agreements with customers to produce parts, which the customers design. Even though the Company has not designed and thus has no proprietary ownership of the parts, the manufacturing of these parts requires pre-production engineering and programming of the Company’s machines.  The pre-production costs associated with a particular contract are capitalized and then amortized beginning with the first shipment of product pursuant to such contract. These costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated length of the contract, or if shorter, three years.

If the Company is reimbursed for all or a portion of the pre-production expenses associated with a particular contract, only the unreimbursed portion would be capitalized. The Company may also progress bill customers for certain engineering costs being incurred. Such billings are recorded as progress billings (a reduction of the associated inventory) until the appropriate revenue recognition criteria have been met. The Terms and Conditions contained in customer purchase orders may provide for liquidated damages in the event that a stop-work order is issued prior to the final delivery of the product.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are carried at cost net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. Repair and maintenance charges are expensed as incurred. Property, equipment, and improvements are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets or the particular improvements.  Expenditures for repairs and improvements in excess of $1,000 that add to the productive capacity or extend the useful life of an asset are capitalized. Upon disposition, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any related gain or loss is reflected in earnings.

Long-Lived and Intangible Assets

Identifiable intangible assets are amortized using the straight-line method over the period of expected benefit.

Long-lived assets and intangible assets subject to amortization to be held and used are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the related carrying amount may be impaired. The Company records an impairment loss if the undiscounted future cash flows are found to be less than the carrying amount of the asset. If an impairment loss has occurred, a charge is recorded to reduce the carrying amount of the asset to fair value. There has been no impairment as of December 31, 2014 and 2013.

Deferred Financing Costs

Costs incurred with obtaining and executing debt arrangements are capitalized and amortized using the effective interest method over the term of the related debt.
 
 
F-12

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, "Revenue Recognition." The Company recognizes revenue when products are shipped and/or the customer takes ownership and assumes risk of loss, collection of the relevant receivable is probable, persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, and the sales price is fixed or determinable.

The Company recognizes certain revenues under a bill and hold arrangement with two of its large customers. For any requested bill and hold arrangement, the Company makes an evaluation as to whether the bill and hold arrangement qualifies for revenue recognition as follows:

 
·
The customer requests that the transaction be on a bill and hold basis.  A customer must initiate the request for any bill and hold arrangement.  Upon request for a bill and hold, the Company requires a signed letter from the customer upon which the customer specifically requests the bill and hold arrangement.  Upon receipt of the letter, the Company begins its evaluation process to determine whether a bill and hold arrangement can be granted.
 
·
The customer has made fixed commitment to purchase in written documentation. All customers’ orders are through firm written purchase orders.
 
·
The goods are segregated from other inventory and are not available to fill any other customers’ orders.  The Company’s goods are made to customers’ or their customer’s specifications and could not be sold to others.
 
·
The risk of ownership has passed to the customer.  The product is complete and ready for shipment.  The earnings process is complete.  An internal evaluation is made as to whether the product is complete and ready for shipment.  This involves a review of the purchase order and a completed inspection process by the Company’s quality control department.
 
·
The date is determined by which the Company expects payment and the Company has not modified its normal billing and credit terms for this buyer.  Payment is expected as if the goods had been shipped.
 
·
The customer has the expected risk of loss in the event of a decline in the market value of goods.  All goods are made to firm purchase orders with fixed prices.  Any decline in value would not affect the pricing of the goods. The Company has not at any point, agreed to a price reduction on a bill and hold arrangement.

The Company had approximately $772,000 or 1.2% of net sales that were billed but not shipped under such bill and hold arrangements as of December 31, 2014.
 
Payments received in advance from customers for products delivered are recorded as customer deposits until earned, at which time revenue is recognized. The Terms and Conditions contained in our customer purchase orders often provide for liquidated damages in the event that a stop work order is issued prior to the final delivery.

The Company utilizes a Returned Merchandise Authorization or RMA process for determining whether to accept returned products. Customer requests to return products are reviewed by the contracts department and if the request is approved, a credit is issued upon receipt of the product. Net sales represent gross sales less returns and allowances.
 
 
F-13

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Use of Estimates

In preparing the financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts in the financial statements and accompanying notes. The more significant management estimates are the useful lives of property and equipment, provisions for inventory obsolescence, accrued expenses and whether to accrue for various contingencies. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Changes in facts and circumstances may result in revised estimates, which are recorded in the period in which they become known.

Credit and Concentration Risks

There were two customers that represented 47.3% of total sales, and three customers that represented 56.0% of total sales for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. This is set forth in the table below.
 
Customer
   
Percentage of Sales
 
     
2014
   
2013
 
               
  1       26.8       27.7  
  2       20.5       18.3  
  3       *       10.0  
 
* Customer was less than 10% of sales for the year ended December 31, 2014
 
There were three customers that represented 50.4% of gross accounts receivable and two customers that represented 42.9% of gross accounts receivable at December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.  This is set forth in the table below.

Customer
   
Percentage of Receivables
 
     
December
   
December
 
     
2014
   
2013
 
  1       29.0       20.1  
  2       11.4       *  
  3       10.0       22.8  
                     
 
* Customer was less than 10% of Gross Accounts
Receivable at December 31, 2013

During the year, the Company had occasionally maintained balances in its bank accounts that were in excess of the FDIC limit. The Company has not experienced any losses on these accounts.

The Company has several key sole-source suppliers of various parts that are important for one or more of its products. These suppliers are its only source for such parts and, therefore, in the event any of them were to go out of business or be unable to provide parts for any reason, its business could be severely harmed.
 
 
F-14

 
 
AIR INDUSTRIES GROUP
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with accounting guidance now codified as FASB ASC 740, "Income Taxes," which requires that the Company recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets based on the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates in effect in the years the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred income tax benefit (expense) results from the change in net deferred tax assets or deferred tax liabilities. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely than not that some or all deferred tax assets will not be realized.

The Company accounts for uncertainties in income taxes under the provisions of FASB ASC 740-10-05, "Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes." The ASC clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise's financial statements. The ASC prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.  The ASC provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition.

Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net income applicable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period. Potentially dilutive shares, using the treasury stock method, are included in the diluted per-share calculations for all periods when the effect of their inclusion is dilutive.

The following is a reconciliation of the denominators of basic and diluted earnings per share computations:

   
2014
   
2013
 
             
Weighted average shares outstanding used to compute basic earnings per share
   
6,591,755
     
5,739,014
 
Effect of dilutive stock options and warrants
   
323,933
     
193,712
 
Weighted average shares outstanding and dilutive securities used to compute dilutive earnings per share
   
6,915,688
     
5,932,726
 

The following securities have been excluded from the calculation as their exercise price was greater than the average market price of the common shares:
 
   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
             
Stock Options