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EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.Financial_Report.xls
EX-3.1 - ARTICLES OF AMENDMENT & RESTATEMENT OF ORM - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit3-1.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31-1 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit31-1.htm
EX-32 - EXHIBIT 32 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit32.htm
EX-24 - EXHIBIT 24 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit24.htm
EX-10.5 - EXHIBIT 10-5 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit10-5.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31-2 - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit31-2.htm
EX-21 - LIST OF SUBSIDIARIES OF THE REGISTRANT - Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc.exhibit21.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
-------------------------------------

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)
[X]
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2014

OR

[  ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________ to __________

Commission file number 000-54957

OWENS REALTY MORTGAGE, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Maryland
 
46-0778087
(State or Other Jurisdiction
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
of Incorporation or Organization)
   
     
2221 Olympic Boulevard
   
Walnut Creek, California
 
94595
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
     
(925) 935-3840
   
Registrant’s Telephone Number,
   
Including Area Code
   

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
NYSE MKT
     
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: NONE

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [   ]  No [X]

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes [   ]  No [X]

 
 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [   ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (Section 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

      Large accelerated filer [   ]
        Accelerated filer [X]
      Non-accelerated filer [   ]
        Smaller reporting company [  ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [   ] No [X]

The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $204,561,000 on the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, June 30, 2014, based on the closing sales price of $19.45 on that date for shares of the registrant’s common stock as reported by the NYSE MKT. For this computation, the registrant has excluded the market value of all shares of its common stock reported as beneficially owned by executive officers and directors of the registrant and certain other stockholders; such an exclusion shall not be deemed to constitute an admission that any such person is an "affiliate" of the registrant.  


 
As of March 9, 2014, there were approximately 10,768,000 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.
 


 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 


 
Portions of the registrant's definitive proxy statement for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed within 120 days after  the registrants Fiscal Year ended December 31, 2014, are incorporated by reference into certain sections of Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I
 
 
 
PART II
 
PART III
 

PART IV
 
 
 
 


 
 

 



 
EXPLANATORY NOTE REGARDING THIS ANNUAL REPORT

 
As previously announced, as part of a plan to reorganize our business operations so that, among other things, we could elect to qualify as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) for federal income tax purposes,  effective May 20, 2013, Owens Mortgage Investment Fund, a California Limited Partnership (the “Predecessor” or “OMIF”) merged with and into Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc., a Maryland corporation (the “Registrant”) with the Registrant as the surviving corporation (the “Merger”) and the Registrant commenced conducting all of the business conducted by the Predecessor.  Upon consummation of the Merger, limited partners of the Predecessor received one share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Registrant (the “Common Stock”), for every 25 limited partner units of the Predecessor  that they owned, and certain units of the Predecessor representing the general partner interest of Owens Financial Group, Inc. were also exchanged for Common Stock as is discussed in further detail in our consolidated financial statements under “Note 1 - Organization” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The rights of the stockholders of the Registrant are governed by Maryland law and the charter, bylaws and other governing documents of the Registrant.
 
The shares of Common Stock issued pursuant to the Merger were registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-184392), which was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission  on February 12, 2013. Pursuant to Rule 12g-3(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), the Registrant is deemed to be the successor issuer to the Predecessor and the Registrant’s Common Stock was subsequently registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act and is listed on the NYSE MKT, LLC.
 
References to Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc. and its subsidiaries, “ORM,” the “Company,” “we”, “us”, or “our” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (including in the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto in this report) have the following meanings, unless we specifically state or the context requires otherwise:
 
·  
For periods prior to May 20, 2013: the Predecessor and its subsidiaries;
 
·  
For periods from and after May 20, 2013: ORM and its subsidiaries.
 
PART I


We are a specialty finance company that focuses on the origination, investment and management of commercial real estate loans, primarily in the Western U.S. We provide customized, short-term loans to small and middle-market investors and developers that require speed and flexibility. We also hold investments in real estate property. Our investment objective is to provide investors with attractive current income and long-term shareholder value.  Our Common Stock is traded on the NYSE MKT under the symbol “ORM”.

We are externally managed and advised by Owens Financial Group, Inc. ("OFG" or “the Manager”), a specialized commercial real estate management company that has originated, serviced and managed alternative commercial real estate investments since 1951. OFG provides us with all of the services vital to our operations and our executive officers and other staff are all employed by OFG pursuant to the management agreement between the Company and the Manager (the “Management Agreement”) and the Company’s charter. The Management Agreement requires OFG to manage our business affairs in conformity with the policies and investment guidelines that are approved and monitored by our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors is composed of a majority of independent directors. The Audit, Nominating and Corporate Governance and Compensation Committees of the Board are composed exclusively of independent directors.

The Company was incorporated in Maryland on August 9, 2012. Effective May 20, 2013, OMIF, a California Limited Partnership formed in 1984 merged with and into the Company, with the Company as the surviving corporation (the “Merger”), and the Company commenced conducting all of the business conducted by OMIF at the effective time of the Merger.  The Merger was conducted to reorganize our business operations so that, among other things, we could elect to qualify as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) for federal income tax purposes. As a qualified REIT we are generally not subject to federal income tax on that portion of our REIT taxable income that is distributed to our stockholders, provided that at least 90% of taxable income is distributed and provided that certain other requirements are met. Certain of our assets that produce non-qualifying income are held in taxable REIT subsidiaries. Unlike other subsidiaries of a REIT, the income of a taxable REIT subsidiary is subject to federal and state income taxes.

 
1

 
OFG arranges, services and maintains the loan and real estate portfolios for the Company. Our loans are secured by mortgages or deeds of trust on unimproved, improved, income-producing and non-income-producing real property, such as condominium projects, apartment complexes, shopping centers, office buildings, and other commercial or industrial properties. No single Company loan may exceed 10% of our assets as of the date the loan is made.

The following table shows the total Company stockholders’ equity, loans, real estate properties and net income (loss) attributable to the Company as of and for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011 and 2010:
 
   
ORM Stockholders’
Equity
 
Loans
 
Real Estate
Properties
 
Net Income
(Loss)
2014……………………….
 
$
184,571,858
 
$
68,033,511
 
$
163,016,805
 
$
7,929,629
 
2013……………………….
 
$
179,874,410
 
$
58,796,293
 
$
135,315,964
 
$
8,732,897
 
2012……………………….
 
$
179,459,931
 
$
70,262,262
 
$
127,773,349
 
$
(1,679,820
)
2011……………………….
 
$
181,045,959
 
$
69,421,876
 
$
145,591,660
 
$
(24,744,255
)
2010……………………….
 
$
219,101,364
 
$
157,665,495
 
$
97,066,199
 
$
(22,837,520
)

As of December 31, 2014, we held investments in 34 loans, secured by liens on title and leasehold interests in real property. Seventy-eight percent (78%) of the loans are located in Northern California. The remaining 22% are located in Southern California, Arizona, Hawaii, Oregon and Washington.

The following table sets forth the types and maturities of loans held by us as of December 31, 2014:

TYPES AND MATURITIES OF LOANS
(As of December 31, 2014)
 
 
Number of Loans
 
Amount
 
Percent
             
Senior loans
33
 
$
65,533,511
 
96.33%
Junior loans*
1
   
2,500,000
 
3.67%
 
34
 
$
68,033,511
 
100.00%
* The junior loans in our portfolio at December 31, 2014 are junior to existing senior loans held by us and are secured by the same collateral.
             
Maturing on or before December 31, 2014
3
 
$
9,476,081
 
13.93%
Maturing on or between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016
22
   
39,167,007
 
57.57%
Maturing on or between January 1, 2017 and March 1, 2028
9
   
19,390,423
 
28.50%
 
34
 
$
68,033,511
 
100.00%
             
Commercial
25
 
$
52,531,537
 
77.21%
Residential
7
   
13,491,906
 
19.83%
Land
2
   
2,010,068
 
2.96%
 
34
 
$
68,033,511
 
100.00%

We have established an allowance for loan losses of approximately $2,869,000 as of December 31, 2014. The above amounts reflect the gross amounts of our loans without regard to such allowance.

The average loan balance of the loan portfolio is $2,001,000 as of December 31, 2014. Of such investments, 6.3% earn a variable rate of interest and 93.7% earn a fixed rate of interest. All were negotiated according to our investment standards.

 
2

 
We have other assets in addition to loans, comprised principally of the following, as of December 31, 2014:

·  
$7,662,000 in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash required to transact our business and/or in conjunction with contingency and escrow reserve requirements;
 
·  
$163,017,000 in real estate held for sale and investment;
 
·  
$2,143,000 in investment in limited liability company;
 
·  
$1,482,000 in interest and other receivables;
 
·  
$1,318,000 in deferred financing costs, net; and
 
·  
$1,138,000 in other assets.
 
Delinquencies

Management does not regularly examine the existing loan portfolio to see if acceptable loan-to-value ratios are being maintained because the majority of loans in our portfolio mature in a period of only 1-2 years. Management performs an internal review on a loan secured by property in the following circumstances:

·  
payments on the loan become delinquent;
 
·  
the loan is past maturity;
 
·  
it learns of physical changes to the property securing the loan or to the area in which the property is located; or
 
·  
it learns of changes to the economic condition of the borrower or of leasing activity of the property securing the loan.
 
A review normally includes conducting a physical evaluation of the property securing the loan and the area in which the property is located, and obtaining information regarding the property’s occupancy. In some circumstances, management may determine that a more extensive review is warranted, and may obtain an updated appraisal, updated financial information on the borrower or other information. As of December 31, 2014, we obtained updated appraisals on certain of the properties securing our trust deed investments and certain of our wholly- and majority- owned real estate properties.

As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, we had six and ten loans, respectively, that were impaired totaling approximately $22,316,000 and $31,738,000, respectively. This included two and five matured loans totaling $8,614,000 and $16,908,000, respectively. In addition, one and three loan(s) totaling approximately $862,000 and $1,290,000 were past maturity but less than 90 days delinquent in monthly payments as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively (combined total of impaired and past maturity loans of $23,178,000 and $33,028,000, respectively). Of the impaired and past maturity loans, approximately $0 and $6,981,000, respectively, were in the process of foreclosure and none involved borrowers who were in bankruptcy as of December 31, 2014 and 2013. We foreclosed on three and six loans during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, with aggregate principal balances totaling $7,671,000 and $26,187,000, respectively, and obtained the properties via the trustee’s sales.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the terms of one impaired loan were modified as a troubled debt restructuring. The loan was rewritten as the borrower had paid the principal balance down partially from sale proceeds. The maturity date was extended by six months to April 2015. All other terms of the loan remained the same. Management believes that no specific loan loss allowance is needed on this modified loan given the estimated underlying collateral value.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, the terms of two impaired loans were modified as troubled debt restructurings. One such impaired loan was modified to combine all principal, delinquent interest and advances into principal and provide for amortizing payments at a reduced interest rate over an extended maturity of 15 years. The borrower is now delinquent in making payments on this modified loan. The other impaired loan was rewritten during the year whereby the Company repaid the unrelated first deed of trust on the subject property of approximately $5,899,000 and refinanced its second deed of trust by combining them into one first deed of trust in the amount of $9,625,000 with interest at 10% per annum due in five years. As part of the modification, approximately $659,000 of past due interest on our original note was paid from the proceeds of the rewritten loan, which was recorded as a discount against the principal balance of the new loan because the loan was impaired (net principal balance of $8,966,000). In addition, we loaned the borrower an additional $2,500,000 to fund certain improvements to the property (aggregate principal balance of $11,466,000). Management believes that no specific loan loss allowance is needed on either of these modified loans given the estimated underlying collateral values.

 
3

 
Of the $31,738,000 in loans that were impaired as of December 31, 2013, $22,316,000 remained impaired as of December 31, 2014, $6,981,000 of such loans were foreclosed on and became real estate owned by the Company during 2014, and $2,441,000 were paid off by the borrowers.

Following is a table representing our delinquency/impairment experience and foreclosures as of and during the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011 and 2010:
 
   
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
   
2010
Delinquent/Impaired Loans
 
$
22,316,000
 
$
31,738,000
 
$
49,252,000
 
$
52,327,000
 
$
121,565,000
Loans Foreclosed
 
$
7,671,000
 
$
26,187,000
 
$
2,000,000
 
$
61,438,000
 
$
36,174,000
Total Loans
 
$
68,034,000
 
$
58,796,000
 
$
70,262,000
 
$
69,422,000
 
$
157,665,000
Percent of Delinquent Loans to Total Loans
   
32.80%
   
53.98%
   
70.10%
   
75.38%
   
77.10%

If the delinquency rate increases on loans held by us, our interest income will be reduced by a proportionate amount. If a loan held by us is foreclosed on, we will acquire ownership of real property and the inherent benefits and detriments of such ownership.

Compensation to the Manager

The Manager receives various forms of compensation and reimbursement of expenses from the Company and compensation from borrowers as set forth in the Company’s charter and summarized below.

Compensation and Reimbursement from the Company

Management Fees

Management fees are paid by the Company to the Manager monthly and cannot exceed 2.75% annually of the average unpaid balance of our loans at the end of each of the 12 months in the calendar year. Since this fee is paid monthly, it could exceed 2.75% in one or more months, but the total fee in any one year is limited to a maximum of 2.75%, and any amount paid above this must be repaid by the Manager to the Company. The Manager is entitled to receive a management fee on all loans, including those that are delinquent. The Manager believes this is justified by the added effort associated with such loans. In certain past years, the Manager has chosen not to take the maximum allowable compensation; however, due to reduced levels of loans held by the Company in recent years, the Manager has elected to take close to the maximum compensation that it is able to take and will likely continue to take the maximum compensation for the foreseeable future.

Servicing Fees

The Manager may act as servicing agent on any or all of the loans held by the Company and expects to continue to service all such loans.  In consideration for acting as the servicing agent, the Manager receives from the Company a monthly servicing fee, which, when added to all other fees paid in connection with the servicing of a particular loan, does not exceed the lesser of the customary, competitive fee in the community where the loan is placed for the provision of such services on that type of loan or up to 0.25% per year of the unpaid balance of loans held by the Company at the end of each month. The Manager has historically been paid the maximum servicing fee allowable.

Reimbursement of Other Expenses

The Manager is reimbursed by the Company for the actual cost of goods and materials used for or by the Company and obtained from unaffiliated entities and the actual cost of services of non-management and non-supervisory personnel related to the administration of the Company (subject to certain limitations contained in the charter).

 
4

 
Compensation from Borrowers

In addition to compensation from the Company, the Manager also receives compensation from borrowers under our loans arranged by the Manager.

Acquisition and Origination Fees

The Manager is entitled to receive and retain all acquisition and origination fees paid or payable by borrowers for services rendered in connection with the evaluation and consideration of potential investments of the Company (including any selection fee, mortgage placement fee, nonrecurring management fee, and any origination fee, loan fee, or points paid by borrowers, or any fee of a similar nature). The acquisition and origination fees are paid by borrowers, and thus, are not an expense of the Company. These fees may be paid at the placement, extension or refinancing of the loan or at the time of final repayment of the loan. The amount of these fees is determined by competitive conditions and the Manager and may have a direct effect on the interest rate borrowers are willing to pay the Company.

Late Payment Charges

The Manager is entitled to receive all late payment charges paid by borrowers on delinquent loans held by the Company (including additional interest and late payment fees).  The late payment charges are paid by borrowers and collected by the Company with regular monthly loan payments or at the time of loan payoff.  These are recorded as a liability (Due to Manager) when collected and are not recognized as an expense of the Company. Generally, on the majority of our loans, the late payment fee charged to the borrower for late payments is 10% of the payment amount. In addition, on the majority of our loans, the additional interest charge required to be paid by borrowers once a loan is past maturity is in the range of 3%-5% (paid in addition to the pre-default interest rate).

Other Miscellaneous Fees

We remit other miscellaneous fees to the Manager, which are collected from loan payments, loan payoffs or advances from loan principal (i.e. funding, demand and partial release fees).

The Manager may voluntarily accept compensation that is less than the maximum fees and compensation described above, so long as no such change will result in a significant adverse impact on the stockholders of the Company.

Principal Investment Objectives

Our principal investment objectives are to preserve the capital of the Company and to provide periodic cash distributions to stockholders. It is not our intent to provide tax-sheltered income.

We invest in real estate loans primarily in the Western United States.  The loans we invest in are selected for us by OFG from loans originated by OFG or non-affiliated mortgage brokers. When OFG or a non-affiliated mortgage broker originates a loan for us, the borrower is identified, the loan application is processed and the loan is made available to us. We believe that our loans are attractive to borrowers because of the expediency of OFG’s loan approval process, which is approximately ten to twenty days.

        We generally employ the same or similar underwriting standards as conventional lenders, such as banks. However, as a specialty finance lender, we are more willing to invest in real estate loans to borrowers that conventional lenders may have rejected for not being creditworthy.  When making these loans we attempt to mitigate the added risk by requiring greater equity in the property.  Borrowers are willing to pay us higher interest rates than conventional lenders charge to obtain these loans. In addition, we usually are able to generate higher fees and charge higher interest rates for our loans because we typically can underwrite and close a loan more rapidly than a conventional lender.  The loans we invest in are typically short in duration, usually less than three years, and bridge the acquisition or improvement of properties that undergo an economic transformation. The short maturity terms of our loans add a degree of risk, as the borrowers are forced to find suitable replacement financing or to sell their property in order to pay off the loan.

 
5

 
 
Investment in Real Estate Loans

Our acquisition and investment policies are to invest at least 86.5% of our capital in real estate loans and activities related thereto.  Due to the declining economy and reductions in real estate values prior to 2013, we have experienced increased foreclosures which have resulted in our ownership of significantly more real estate than in the past. Therefore, while we initially adhered to our policies of investing at least 86.5% of our capital in real estate loans, economic conditions beyond our control have resulted in less than 86.5% of our capital being accounted for as investments in real estate loans. As of December 31, 2014, approximately 27% of our assets were classified as investments in real estate loans (net of allowance for loan losses).  Additionally, we must maintain a contingency reserve in an aggregate amount of at least 1.5% of our capital.
 

Our loans are predominantly secured by first mortgage or deed of trust liens on the underlying properties purchased or developed with the funds that we make available. We sometimes refer to these real properties as the security properties. We invest primarily in loans on commercial, industrial and multi-family residential income-producing real property. Substantially all loans are arranged by OFG, which is licensed by the State of California as a real estate broker and California Finance Lender. During the course of its business, OFG is continuously evaluating prospective investments. OFG originates loans from mortgage brokers, previous borrowers, and by personal solicitations of new borrowers. We may purchase or participate in existing loans that were originated by other lenders. Such a loan might be obtained by us from a third party at an amount equal to or less than its face value. OFG evaluates all potential loan investments to determine if the security for the loan, loan-to-value ratio and other applicable factors meets our investment criteria and policies.  OFG locates, identifies and arranges virtually all loans we invest in and makes all investment decisions on our behalf.  In evaluating prospective loan investments, OFG considers such factors as the following:

·  
the ratio of the amount of the investment to the value of the property by which it is secured;
 
·  
the property’s potential for capital appreciation;
 
·  
expected levels of rental and occupancy rates;
 
·  
current and projected cash flow generated by the property;
 
·  
potential for rental rate increases;
 
·  
the marketability of the investment;
 
·  
geographic location of the property;
 
·  
the condition and use of the property;
 
·  
the property’s income-producing capacity;
 
·  
the quality, experience and creditworthiness of the borrower;
 
·  
general economic conditions in the area where the property is located; and
 
·  
any other factors that OFG believes are relevant.

Types of Loans

We invest in first, second, and third mortgage and deed of trust loans, wraparound and participating mortgage and deed of trust loans, construction mortgage and deed of trust loans on real property, and loans on leasehold interest mortgages and deeds of trust. We do not ordinarily make or invest in mortgage and deed of trust loans with a maturity of more than 15 years, and most loans have terms of one to three years. Virtually all loans provide for monthly payments of interest and some also provide for principal amortization. Most of our loans provide for payments of interest only and a payment of principal in full at the end of the loan term. OFG does not originate loans with negative amortization provisions. We do not have any policies directing the portion of our assets that may be invested in construction or rehabilitation loans, loans secured by leasehold interests and second, third and wrap-around mortgage and deed of trust loans. However, OFG recognizes that these types of loans are riskier than first deeds of trust on income-producing, fee simple properties and will seek to minimize the amount of these types of loans in our portfolio. Additionally, OFG will consider that these loans are riskier when determining the rate of interest on the loans.

 
6

 
First Mortgage Loans

First mortgage and deed of trust loans are secured by first deeds of trust on real property. Such loans are generally for terms of one to three years. In addition, such loans do not usually exceed 75% of the appraised value of improved real property and 50% of the appraised value of unimproved real property.

Second and Wraparound Mortgage Loans

Second and wraparound mortgage and deed of trust loans are secured by second or wraparound deeds of trust on real property which is already subject to prior mortgage indebtedness, in an amount which, when added to the existing indebtedness, does not generally exceed 75% of the appraised value of the secured property. A wraparound loan is one or more junior mortgage loans having a principal amount equal to the outstanding balance under the existing mortgage loans, plus the amount actually to be advanced under the wraparound mortgage loan. Under a wraparound loan, we generally make principal and interest payments on behalf of the borrower to the holders of the prior mortgage loans.

Third Mortgage Loans

Third mortgage and deed of trust loans are secured by third deeds of trust on real property which is already subject to prior first and second mortgage indebtedness, in an amount which, when added to the existing indebtedness, does not generally exceed 75% of the appraised value of the secured property.

Construction and Rehabilitation Loans

Construction and rehabilitation loans are loans made for both original development and renovation of property. Construction and rehabilitation loans invested in by us are generally secured by first deeds of trust on real property for terms of six months to two years. In addition, if the secured property is being developed, the amount of such loans generally will not exceed 75% of the post-development appraised value. We will not usually disburse funds on a construction or rehabilitation loan until work in the previous phase of the project has been completed, and an independent inspector has verified completion of work to be paid for. In addition, we require the submission of signed labor and material lien releases by the contractor in connection with each completed phase of the project prior to making any periodic disbursements of loan proceeds. As of December 31, 2014, our loan portfolio contains eleven construction/rehabilitation loans with aggregate principal balances totaling $15,288,000.

Leasehold Interest Loans

Loans on leasehold interests are secured by an assignment of the borrower’s leasehold interest in the particular real property. Such loans are generally for terms of from six months to 15 years. Leasehold interest loans generally do not exceed 75% of the value of the leasehold interest at origination. The leasehold interest loans are either amortized over a period that is shorter than the lease term or have a maturity date prior to the date the lease terminates. These loans permit OFG to cure any default under the lease. As of December 31, 2014, our loan portfolio does not contain any leasehold interest loans.

Prepayment Penalties and Exit Fees

Generally, the loans we invest in do not contain prepayment penalties or exit fees. If our loans are at a high rate of interest in a market of falling interest rates, the failure to have a prepayment penalty provision or exit fee in the loan allows the borrower to refinance the loan at a lower rate of interest, thus providing a lower yield to us on the reinvestment of the prepayment proceeds. While our loans do not contain prepayment penalties, many instead require the borrower to notify OFG of the intent to payoff within a specified period of time prior to payoff (usually 30 to 120 days). If this notification is not made within the proper time frame, the borrower may be charged interest for that number of days that notification was not received.

Balloon Payment

As of December 31, 2014, 99.6% of our loans provided for a “balloon payment” on the principal amount due upon maturity of the loan (including both interest only and amortizing loans with a balloon payment). As of December 31, 2014, one loan (0.4% of total loans) was a fully amortizing loan with a principal balance of approximately $254,000 and a remaining term of 158 months. There are no specific criteria used in evaluating the credit quality of borrowers for loans requiring balloon payments. Furthermore, a substantial period of time may elapse between the review of the financial statements of the borrower and the date when the balloon payment is due. As a result, there is no assurance that a
 
 
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borrower will have sufficient resources to make a balloon payment when due. To the extent that a borrower has an obligation to pay the  loan principal in a large lump sum payment, its ability to repay the loan may be dependent upon its ability to sell the property, obtain suitable refinancing or otherwise raise a substantial amount of cash. As a result, these loans can involve a higher risk of default than amortizing loans (where principal is paid at the same time as the interest payments).

Repayment of Loans on Sales of Properties

We may require a borrower to repay a loan upon the sale of the secured property rather than allow the buyer to assume the existing loan. This may be done if OFG determines that repayment appears to be advantageous to us based upon then-current interest rates, the length of time that the loan has been held by us, the credit-worthiness of the buyer and our objectives and policies. The net proceeds from any sale or repayment are invested in new loans, held as cash or distributed at such times and in such intervals as OFG, in its sole discretion, determines.

Fixed Rate Loans

Approximately 93.7% ($63,718,000) and 82.5% ($48,526,000) of our loans as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, bear interest at a fixed rate. The weighted average interest rate of such loans as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 was approximately 8.7% and 8.9%, respectively.

Variable Rate Loans

Approximately 6.3% ($4,315,000) and 17.5% ($10,270,000) of our loans as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, bear interest at a variable rate. Variable rate loans may use indices such as the one, five and ten year Treasury Constant Maturity Index, the Prime Rate Index or the Monthly Weighted Average Cost of Funds Index for Eleventh District Savings Institutions (Federal Home Loan Bank Board). OFG may negotiate spreads over these indices of from 2.0% to 6.5%, depending upon market conditions at the time the loan is made.

The following is a summary of the various indices described above as of December 31, 2014 and 2013:

 
December 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
       
One-year Treasury Constant Maturity Index
0.25%
 
0.13%
       
Five-year Treasury Constant Maturity Index
1.65%
 
1.75%
       
Ten-year Treasury Constant Maturity Index
2.17%
 
3.04%
       
Prime Rate Index
3.25%
 
3.25%
       
Monthly Weighted Average Cost of Funds for Eleventh District Savings Institutions
0.69%
 
0.78%

It is possible that the interest rate index used in a variable rate loan will rise (or fall) more slowly than the interest rate of other loan investments available to us. OFG attempts to minimize this interest rate differential by tying variable rate loans to indices that are sensitive to fluctuations in market rates. Additionally, most variable rate loans originated by OFG contain provisions under which the interest rate cannot fall below the initial rate.

Variable rate loans generally have interest rate caps. We anticipate that the interest rate cap will be a ceiling that is 2% to 4% above the starting rate with a floor rate equal to the starting rate. For these loans, there is the risk that the market rate may exceed the interest cap rate.

Variable rate loans of five to ten year maturities are not assumable without the prior consent of OFG. We do not expect to invest in or purchase a significant amount of assumable loans. To minimize our risk, any borrower assuming an existing loan will be subject to the same underwriting criteria as the original borrower.
 
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Debt Coverage Standard for Loans

Loans on commercial property generally require the net annual estimated cash flow to equal or exceed the annual payments required on the loan.

Loan Limit Amount

We limit the amount of our investment in any single loan, and the amount of our investment in loans to any one borrower, to 10% of our total assets as of the date the loan is made or purchased.

Loans to Affiliates

We will not provide loans to OFG or an affiliate except for in connection with any advance of expenses or indemnification permitted by our charter, bylaws and the Management Agreement.

Purchase of Loans from Affiliates

We may purchase loans deemed suitable for acquisition from OFG or its affiliates only if:

·  
OFG makes or purchases such loans in its own name and temporarily holds title thereto for the purpose of facilitating the acquisition of such loans, and provided that such loans are purchased by us for a price no greater than the cost of such loans to OFG (except for compensation in accordance with the terms of the Management Agreement and the charter);

·  
There is no other benefit arising out of such transactions to OFG;

·  
Such loans are not in default, and;

·  
Such loans otherwise satisfy, among other things, the following requirements:
 
·  
We will not make or invest in loans on any one property if at the time of acquisition of the loan the aggregate amount of all loans outstanding on the property, including loans by the Company, would exceed an amount equal to 80% of the appraised value of the property as determined by independent appraisal, unless substantial justification exists because of the presence of other documented underwriting criteria.
 
·  
We will limit any single loan and limit the loans to any one borrower to not more than 10% of our total assets as of the date the loan is made or purchased.
 
·  
We will not invest in or make loans on unimproved real property in an amount in excess of 25% of our total assets.
 
Competition

Our major competitors in providing specialty finance loans are other mortgage REIT’s, specialty finance companies, banks, savings and loan associations, thrifts, conduit lenders, institutional investors, and other entities.  No particular competitor dominates the market. Many of the companies against which we compete have substantially greater financial, technical and other resources than us. In addition, there are numerous mortgage REIT’s with investment objectives similar to ours, and others may be organized in the future. Competition in the our market niche depends upon a number of factors, including price and interest rates of the loan, speed of loan processing, cost of capital, reliability, quality of service and support services. We are competitive in large part because OFG generates substantially all loans and is able to provide expedited loan approval, processing and funding. OFG has been in the business of making or investing in loans since 1951.

Regulation of the Manager

We are managed by OFG. OFG, in its capacity as our Manager, is subject to the oversight of our Board of Directors pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Management Agreement and our charter. OFG’s operations as a mortgage broker are subject to extensive regulation by federal, state and local laws and governmental authorities. OFG conducts its real estate mortgage business under a license issued by the State of California. Under applicable California law, the division has broad discretionary authority over OFG’s activities.
 
 
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Employees

The Company does not have employees, other than three full-time and two part-time employees that work directly for its wholly-owned subsidiary, Brannan Island, LLC. OFG provides all of the employees (including our officers) necessary for our operations pursuant to the Management Agreement. As of December 31, 2013, OFG had twelve full-time and five part-time employees. All employees are at-will employees and none are covered by collective bargaining agreements.

Distribution of Company Information

Our Internet address is www.owensmortgage.com.  We use our web site as a routine channel for distribution of important information, including news releases, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings, and certain other financial information. We post filings on our web site as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, including our annual and quarterly reports on Forms 10-K and 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K; our proxy statements; and any amendments to those reports or statements. All such postings and filings are available on our web site free of charge. The SEC’s web site, www.sec.gov, contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. We also make available our code of business conduct and ethics, corporate governance guidelines, committee charters, certain Company presentations and fact sheets, and press releases. The content on any web site referred to in this Annual Report on Form 10-K is not incorporated by reference in this Annual Report unless expressly noted.

Our Investor Relations Department can be contacted at 2221 Olympic Blvd., Walnut Creek, CA 94595, Attn: Investor Relations, or by email at investors@owensmortgage.com.


You should consider carefully the risks described below, together with the other information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our financial statements and related notes. If any of the identified risks actually occurs, or is adversely resolved, our consolidated financial statements could be materially adversely impacted in a particular fiscal quarter or year and our business, financial condition and results of operations may suffer materially. As a result, the trading price of our Common Stock and your investment in the Company may suffer.

The risks described below are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties, including those not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Risks Related to Our Business

We will rely on our Manager, Owens Financial Group, Inc., to manage our day-to-day operations and select our loans for investment.

Our ability to achieve our investment objectives and to make distributions to you depends upon OFG’s performance in obtaining, processing, making and brokering loans for us to invest in and determining the financing arrangements for borrowers. You will have no opportunity to evaluate the financial information or creditworthiness of borrowers, the terms of loans, the real property that is our collateral or other economic or financial data concerning our loans.  We are obligated to pay OFG an annual management fee up to 2.75% of the average unpaid balance of our outstanding loans at the end of each month.  OFG has no fiduciary obligations to us or our stockholders, is not required to devote its employees full time to our business and may devote time to business interests competitive with our business.

We depend on key personnel of our Manager with long standing business relationships, the loss of whom could threaten our ability to operate our business successfully.

Our future success depends, to a significant extent, upon the continued services of OFG as our manager and OFG’s officers and employees. The loss of services of one or more members of OFG’s management team could harm our business and prospects, including the services of William C. Owens (Chief Executive Officer), Bryan H. Draper (Chief Financial Officer), William E. Dutra (Executive Vice President), Daniel J. Worley (Senior Vice President), Brian M. Haines (Senior Vice President), and Melina A. Platt (Controller), each of whom would likely be difficult to replace because of their extensive experience in the field, extensive market contacts and familiarity with our business. None of these individuals is subject to an employment, non-competition or confidentiality agreement with us or OFG, and we do not maintain “key man” life insurance policies on any of them. Our future success also depends in large part upon OFG’s ability to hire and retain additional highly skilled managerial and operational personnel. OFG may require additional operations people who are experienced in obtaining, processing, making and brokering loans and who also have contacts in the relevant markets. If OFG were unable to attract and retain key personnel, the ability of OFG to make prudent investment decisions on our behalf may be impaired.

 
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Our management has very limited experience operating a REIT, and we cannot assure you that our management’s past experience will be sufficient to successfully manage our business as a REIT. If we fail to comply with REIT requirements, we would incur U.S. federal income taxes at the corporate level, which would reduce our distributions to you.

We have a very short operating history as a REIT, and our management has very limited experience in complying with the income, asset and other limitations imposed by the REIT provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). These provisions are complex, and the failure to comply with these provisions in a timely manner could prevent us from qualifying as a REIT or could force us to pay unexpected taxes and penalties. In such event, our net income would be reduced and we would have less funds available for distribution to you.

If we fail to qualify as a REIT, we would be subject to U.S. federal income tax at regular corporate rates. Also, unless the IRS granted us relief under certain statutory provisions, we would remain disqualified as a REIT for four years following the year we first fail to qualify. If we fail to qualify as a REIT, we would have to pay significant income taxes and therefore would have less money available for investments or for distributions to our stockholders. This would likely have a significant adverse effect on the value of our Common Stock. In addition, we would no longer be required to make distributions to our stockholders to maintain preferential U.S. federal income taxation as a REIT.

We do not have a policy that expressly prohibits our directors, officers, security holders or affiliates from engaging for their own account in business activities of the types conducted by us.
 
       We do not have a policy that expressly prohibits our directors, officers, security holders or affiliates from engaging for their own account in business activities of the types conducted by us. However, our code of business conduct and ethics contains a conflicts of interest policy that, unless waived in accordance with the code, prohibits our directors and executive officers, as well as personnel of OFG who provide services to us, from engaging in any transaction that involves an actual conflict of interest with us. In addition, our Management Agreement with OFG does not prevent our Manager and its affiliates from engaging in additional management or investment opportunities, some of which could compete with us.
 
Our Manager’s liability is limited under the Management Agreement, and we have agreed to indemnify our Manager against certain liabilities. As a result, we could experience poor performance or losses for which our Manager would not be liable.
 
     Pursuant to the Management Agreement, OFG does not assume any responsibility other than to render the services called for thereunder and is not responsible for any action of our Board of Directors in following or declining to follow its advice or recommendations. Under the terms of the Management Agreement, none of OFG, its officers, stockholders, directors, employees or advisors, among others, will be liable to us or any subsidiary of ours, to our Board of Directors, or to our or any subsidiary’s stockholders, members or partners for any acts or omissions made pursuant to the Management Agreement, except for acts or omissions constituting bad faith, willful misconduct, gross negligence or reckless disregard of OFG’s duties under the Management Agreement, as determined by a final court order. In addition, we have agreed to indemnify, to the fullest extent permitted by law, OFG, its officers, stockholders, directors, employees and advisors, among others, from all losses (including attorneys’ fees) arising from any acts or omissions of such person made in good faith in the performance of OFG’s duties under the Management Agreement and not constituting bad faith, willful misconduct, gross negligence or reckless disregard of such duties.

Under the Management Agreement, termination of our Manager for cause requires that we provide 30 days’ prior written notice to our Manager.

Termination of the Management Agreement with our Manager for cause, including in the event that OFG engages in fraud or embezzlement, misappropriates funds or intentionally breaches the Management Agreement, requires us to provide 30 days’ prior written notice to OFG.  Accordingly, if OFG engages in any of the foregoing activities (or any other activities resulting in a for cause termination), our inability to terminate the Management Agreement for at least 30 days may result in inefficiencies and uncertainties that could ultimately have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 
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Our Manager’s lack of experience with certain real estate markets could impact its ability to make prudent investments on our behalf.

     While we invest in real estate loans throughout the United States, the majority of our loans are in the Western United States.  Real estate markets vary greatly from location to location, and the rights of secured real estate lenders vary from state to state.  OFG may originate loans for us in markets where they have limited experience.  In those circumstances, OFG intends to rely on independent real estate advisors and local legal counsel to assist them in making prudent investment decisions.  You will not have an opportunity to evaluate the qualifications of such advisors, and no assurance can be given that they will render prudent advice to OFG.

Loan defaults, delinquencies and foreclosures will decrease our revenues and net income and your distributions.

We are in the business of investing in real estate loans, and, as such, we are subject to risk of defaults by borrowers. Our performance will be directly impacted by any defaults on the loans in our portfolio. As a specialty finance lender willing to invest in loans to borrowers who may not meet the credit standards of conventional lenders, the rate of default on our loans could be higher than those generally experienced in the real estate lending industry. Any sustained period of increased defaults could adversely affect our business, financial condition, liquidity and the results of our operations, and ultimately your distributions. We seek to mitigate the risk by estimating the value of the underlying collateral and insisting on low loan-to-value ratios. However, we cannot assure you that these efforts will fully protect us against losses on defaulted loans. Any subsequent decline in real estate values on defaulted loans could result in less security than anticipated at the time the loan was originally made, which may result in our not recovering the full amount of the loan. Any failure of a borrower to repay loans or interest on loans will reduce our revenues and your distributions and the value of your interest in the Company. Our appraisals are generally dated within 12 months of the date of loan origination and may not reflect a decrease in the value of the real estate due to events subsequent to the date of the appraisals.

As of December 31, 2014, our portfolio had approximately $22,316,000 in impaired loans, which included approximately $10,728,000 of non-performing loans in non-accrual status. In addition, our investment in loans that were past maturity (delinquent in principal) but less than 90 days delinquent in monthly payments was approximately $862,000 as of December 31, 2014 (combined total of delinquent and/or impaired loans of $23,178,000 compared to $33,028,000 as of December 31, 2013). We also had approximately $51,320,000 of non-income producing real estate held for sale or investment for a total of $62,048,000 in non-performing assets, which represented approximately 34% of our total capital as of December 31, 2014.

It is possible that we will continue to experience reduced net income or further losses in the future, thus negatively impacting future distributions. As non-delinquent loans are paid off by borrowers, interest income received by us may be reduced. In addition, we may foreclose on more delinquent loans, thereby obtaining ownership of more real estate that may result in larger operating losses. Management will attempt to sell many of these properties but may need to sell them for losses or wait until market values recover in the future.

Our underwriting standards may be more lenient than those of conventional lenders, which could result in a higher percentage of foreclosed properties, which could reduce the amount of distributions to you.

Our underwriting standards and procedures may be more lenient than those of conventional lenders in that we will invest in loans secured by property that may not meet the underwriting standards of conventional real estate lenders or make loans to borrowers who may not meet the credit standards of conventional lenders.  This may lead to more non-performing assets in our loan portfolio and create additional risks to your return. We approve real estate loans more quickly than other lenders. We rely on third-party reports and information such as appraisals and environmental reports to assist in underwriting loans. We may accept documentation that was not specifically prepared for us or commissioned by us. This creates a greater risk of the information contained therein being out of date or incorrect. Generally, we will spend less time than conventional lenders assessing the character and credit history of our borrowers and the property that secures our loans. Due to the accelerated nature of our loan approval process, there is a risk that the credit inquiry we perform will not reveal all material facts pertaining to the borrower and the security. There may be a greater risk of default by our borrowers, which may impair our ability to make timely distributions to you and which may reduce the amount we have available to distribute to you.

 
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Loan repayments are less likely in a volatile market environment.

In a market in which liquidity is essential to our business, loan repayments have been a significant source of liquidity for us. However, many financial institutions have curtailed new lending activity and real estate owners are having difficulty refinancing their loans at maturity. If borrowers are not able to refinance our loans at their maturity, the loans could go into default and the liquidity that we would receive from such repayments will not be available. Furthermore, without a properly functioning commercial real estate finance market, borrowers that are performing on their loans may be forced to extend such loans if allowed, which will further delay our ability to access liquidity through repayments.

We depend upon real estate security to secure our real estate loans, and we may suffer a loss if the value of the underlying property declines.

We depend upon the value of real estate security to protect us on the loans that we make. We utilize the services of independent appraisers to value the security underlying our loans. However, notwithstanding the experience of the appraisers, mistakes can be made, or the value of the real estate may decrease due to subsequent events. Our appraisals are generally dated within 12 months of the date of loan origination and may have been commissioned by the borrower. Therefore, the appraisals may not reflect a decrease in the value of the real estate due to events subsequent to the date of the appraisals. For a construction loan most of the appraisals will be prepared on an as-if developed basis. If the loan goes into default prior to completion of the project, the market value of the property may be substantially less than the appraised value. Additional capital may be required to complete a project in order to realize the full value of the property.  If a default occurs and we do not have the capital to complete a project, we may not recover the full amount of our loan.

Foreclosures create additional ownership risks.

When we acquire property by foreclosure, we have economic and liability risks as the owner, such as:

 
• 
earning less income and reduced cash flows on foreclosed properties than could be earned and received on loans;
     
 
• 
not being able to realize sufficient amounts from sales of the properties to avoid losses;
 
 
• 
properties being acquired with one or more co-owners (called tenants-in-common) where development or sale requires written agreement or consent by all; without timely agreement or consent, we could suffer a loss from being unable to develop or sell the property;
     
 
• 
maintaining occupancy of the properties;
 
 
• 
controlling operating expenses;
 
 
• 
coping with general and local market conditions;
 
 
• 
complying with changes in laws and regulations pertaining to taxes, use, zoning and environmental protection;
 
 
• 
 
possible liability for injury to persons and property; and
 
possible liability for environmental remediation.
     
 
During the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, we recorded impairment losses on one and two of our real estate properties held for sale and investment in the aggregate amount of approximately $179,000 and $666,000, respectively.

Development on properties we acquire creates risks of ownership we do not have as a lender.

When we acquire property by foreclosure or otherwise as a lender, we may develop the property, either singly or in combination with other persons or entities. This could be done in the form of a joint venture, limited liability company or partnership, with OFG and/or unrelated third parties. This development can create the following risks:
 
 
• 
Reliance upon the skill and financial stability of third party developers and contractors;
 
 
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• 
Inability to obtain governmental permits;
 
 
• 
Delays in construction of improvements;
 
 
• 
Increased costs during development and the need to obtain additional financing to pay for the development; and
 
 
• 
Economic and other factors affecting sale or leasing of developed property.

Larger loans result in less diversity and may increase risk.

As of December 31, 2014, we were invested in a total of 34 loans, with an aggregate book value of approximately $68,034,000. The average book value of those loans was approximately $2,001,000, and the median book value was $1,138,000. Nine of such loans had a book value each of 3% or more of the aggregate book value of all loans, and the largest loan relationship had a total book value of 17% of all loans.

As a general rule, we can decrease risk of loss from delinquent loans by investing in a greater total number of loans. Investing in fewer, larger loans generally decreases diversification of the portfolio and increases risk of loss and possible reduction of return to investors in the case of a delinquency of such a loan.

Incorrect original collateral assessment (valuation) could result in losses and decreased distributions to you.

Appraisals are obtained from qualified, independent appraisers on all properties securing trust deeds, which may have been commissioned by the borrower and may precede the placement of the loan with us. However, there is a risk that the appraisals prepared by these third parties are incorrect, which could result in defaults and/or losses related to these loans.

Completed, written appraisals are not always obtained on our loans prior to original funding, due to the quick underwriting and funding required on the majority of our loans. Although the loan officers often discuss value with the appraisers and perform other due diligence and calculations to determine property value prior to funding, there is a risk that we may make a loan on a property where the appraised value is less than estimated, which could increase the loan’s loan-to-value, or LTV, ratio and subject us to additional risk.

We may make a loan secured by a property on which the borrower previously commissioned an appraisal. Although we generally require such appraisal to have been made within one year of funding the loan, there is a risk that the appraised value is less than the actual value, increasing the loan’s LTV ratio and subjecting us to additional risk.

Geographical concentration of loans may result in additional delinquencies.

Northern California real estate secured approximately 78% of the total loans held by us as of December 31, 2014. Northern California consists of Monterey, Kings, Fresno, Tulare and Inyo counties and all counties north of those. In addition, 13%, 3%, 2%, 2% and 2% of total loans were secured by Arizona, Washington, Southern California, Hawaii and Oregon real estate, respectively. These concentrations may increase the risk of delinquencies on our loans when the real estate or economic conditions of one or more of those areas are weaker than elsewhere, for reasons such as:

 
• 
economic recession in that area;
 
 
• 
overbuilding of commercial or residential properties; and
 
 
• 
relocations of businesses outside the area due to factors such as costs, taxes and the regulatory environment.
 
These factors also tend to make more commercial or residential real estate available on the market and reduce values, making suitable loans less available to us. In addition, such factors could tend to increase defaults on existing loans.

 
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Investments in construction and rehabilitation loans may be riskier than loans secured by operating properties.

Our loan portfolio contains eleven construction or rehabilitation loans with principal balances aggregating $15,288,000 as of December 31, 2014 (including two fully funded loans in the aggregate amount of $3,535,000) and we have commitments to fund an additional $5,935,000 on such loans in the future (including interest reserves on these and other loans) as of December 31, 2014. We may make additional construction and rehabilitation loan commitments in the future. Construction and rehabilitation loans may be riskier than loans secured by properties with an operating history, because:

 
• 
the application of the loan proceeds to the construction or rehabilitation project must be assured;
 
 
• 
the completion of planned construction or rehabilitation may require additional financing by the borrower; and
 
 
• 
permanent financing of the property may be required in addition to the construction or rehabilitation loan.

Investments in loans secured by leasehold interests may be riskier than loans secured by fee interests in properties.

Although our loan portfolio does not contain any loans secured by leasehold interests as of December 31, 2014, we have made such loans in the past, and we may resume leasehold-secured lending in the future. Loans secured by leasehold interests are riskier than loans secured by real property because the loan is subordinate to the lease between the property owner (lessor) and the borrower, and our rights in the event the borrower defaults are limited to stepping into the position of the borrower under the lease, subject to its requirements of rents and other obligations and period of the lease.

Investments in second, third and wraparound mortgage and deed of trust loans may be riskier than loans secured by first deeds of trust.

Second, third and wraparound mortgage and deed of trust loans (those under which we generally make the payments to the holders of the prior liens) are riskier than first mortgage and deed of trust loans because:

 
• 
their position is subordinate in the event of default; and
 
 
there could be a requirement to cure liens of a senior loan holder, and, if this is not done, we would lose our entire interest in the loan.
 
As of December 31, 2014, our loan portfolio contained 4% in second mortgage and deed of trust loans and 0% in third mortgage and deed of trust loans. The second deed of trust loan in our portfolio as of December 31, 2014 is junior to an existing first deed of trust held by us and is secured by the same collateral. As of December 31, 2014, we were not invested in any wraparound mortgage or deed of trust loans.

We typically make “balloon payment” loans, which are riskier than loans with payments of principal over an extended period of time.

The loans we invest in or purchase generally require the borrower to make a “balloon payment” on the principal amount upon maturity of the loan. A balloon payment is a large principal balance that is payable after a period of time during which the borrower has repaid none or only a small portion of the principal balance. As of December 31, 2014, 99.6% of our loans required balloon payments at the end of their terms. Loans with balloon payments are riskier than loans with even payments of principal over an extended time period like 15 or 30 years because the borrower’s repayment depends on its ability to sell the property profitably, obtain suitable refinancing or otherwise raise a substantial amount of cash when the loan comes due. There are no specific criteria used in evaluating the credit quality of borrowers for loans requiring balloon payments. Furthermore, a substantial period of time may elapse between the review of the financial statements of the borrower and the date when the balloon payment is due. As a result, there is no assurance that a borrower will have sufficient resources to make a balloon payment when due.

Our loans are not insured or guaranteed by any governmental agency.

Our loans are not insured or guaranteed by a federally-owned or -guaranteed mortgage agency. Consequently, our recourse if there is a default may only be to foreclose upon the real property securing a loan. The value of the foreclosed property may have decreased and may not be equal to the amount outstanding under the corresponding loan, resulting in a decrease of the amount available to distribute to you.

 
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Our loans permit prepayment, which may lower returns.

The majority of our loans do not include prepayment penalties for a borrower paying off a loan prior to maturity. The absence of a prepayment penalty in our loans may lead borrowers to refinance higher interest rate loans in a market of falling interest rates. This would then require us to reinvest the prepayment proceeds in loans or alternative short-term investments with lower interest rates and a corresponding lower return to you.

Equity or cash flow participation in loans could result in loss of our secured position in loans.

We may obtain participation in the appreciation in value or in the cash flow from a secured property. If a borrower defaults and claims that this participation makes the loan comparable to equity (like stock) in a joint venture, we might lose our secured position as lender in the property. Other creditors of the borrower might then wipe out or substantially reduce our investment. We could also be exposed to the risks associated with being an owner of real property. We are not presently involved in any such arrangements.

If a third party were to assert successfully that one of our loans was actually a joint venture with the borrower, there might be a risk that we could be liable as joint venturer for the wrongful acts of the borrower toward the third party.

We may be unable to invest capital into new loans on acceptable terms or at all, which would adversely affect our operating results.

We may not be able to identify loan opportunities that meet our investment criteria, and we may not be successful in closing the loans we identify, which would adversely affect our results of operations.

Some losses that might occur to borrowers may not be insured and may result in defaults.

Our loans require that borrowers carry adequate hazard insurance for our benefit. Some events, however, are uninsurable, or insurance coverage for them is economically not practicable. Losses from earthquakes, floods or mudslides, for example, which occur in California, may be uninsured and cause losses to us on entire loans. Since December 31, 2014, no such loan loss has occurred.

While we are named loss payee in all cases and will receive notification in event of a loss, if a borrower allows insurance to lapse, an event of loss could occur before we know of the lapse and have time to obtain insurance ourselves.

Insurance coverage may be inadequate to cover property losses, even though OFG imposes insurance requirements on borrowers that it believes are adequate.

If any of our insurance carriers become insolvent, we could be adversely affected.

We carry several different lines of insurance, placed with several large insurance carriers. If any one of these large insurance carriers were to become insolvent, we would be forced to replace the existing insurance coverage with another suitable carrier, and any outstanding claims would be at risk for collection. In such an event, we cannot be certain that we would be able to replace the coverage at similar or otherwise favorable terms. Replacing insurance coverage at unfavorable rates and the potential of uncollectible claims due to carrier insolvency could adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows.

The impact of any future terrorist attacks exposes us to certain risks.

Any future terrorist attacks, the anticipation of any such attacks, and the consequences of any military or other response by the United States and its allies may have an adverse impact on the U.S. financial markets and the economy in general. We cannot predict the severity of the effect that any such future events would have on the U.S. financial markets, including the real estate capital markets, the economy or our business. Any future terrorist attacks could adversely affect the credit quality of some of our loans and investments. Some of our loans and investments will be more susceptible to such adverse effects than others. We may suffer losses as a result of the adverse impact of any future terrorist attacks, and these losses may adversely impact our results of operations.

 
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In 2014, we entered into new Credit Facilities and other borrowing arrangements. Additional borrowings by us will increase your risk and may reduce the amount we have available to distribute to you.

In 2014, we entered into five credit agreements with four different lenders, which agreements provide us with two revolving lines of credit and three term loans (the “Credit Facilities”).

We may borrow funds under the Credit Facilities or from additional sources to expand our capacity to invest in real estate loans, make improvements to our real estate assets, or for other business purposes. Such borrowings will require us to carefully manage our cost of funds. No assurance can be given that we will be successful in this effort. Should we be unable to repay the indebtedness and make the interest payments on the Credit Facilities or any other loans, the lenders will likely declare us in default and require that we repay all amounts owing under the applicable loan facility. Even if we are repaying the indebtedness in a timely manner, interest payments owing on the borrowed funds may reduce our income and the distributions you receive.

We may borrow funds from several sources in addition to the Credit Facilities, and the terms of any indebtedness we incur may vary. However, some lenders may require as a condition of making a loan to us that the lender will receive a priority on loan repayments received by us. As a result, if we do not collect 100% on our investments, the first dollars may go to our lenders and we may incur a loss which will result in a decrease of the amount available for distribution to you. In addition, we may enter into securitization arrangements in order to raise additional funds. Such arrangements could increase our leverage and adversely affect our cash flow and our ability to make distributions to you.

If the market value of the collateral pledged by us to a funding source declines, our financial condition could deteriorate rapidly.

The loans and real estate assets that we pledge as collateral could have a rapid decrease in market value. If the value of the collateral we pledge were to decline, we may be required by the lending institution we borrow from to provide additional collateral or pay down a portion of the funds advanced. We may not have the funds available to pay down such debt, which could result in defaults. Providing additional collateral, if available, to support these potential credit facilities would reduce our liquidity and limit our ability to leverage our assets. In the event we do not have sufficient liquidity to meet such requirements, lending institutions can accelerate the indebtedness, increase interest rates and terminate our ability to borrow. Furthermore, facility providers may require us to maintain a certain amount of uninvested cash or set aside unlevered assets to maintain a specified liquidity position which would allow us to satisfy our collateral obligations. As a result, we may not be able to leverage our assets as fully as we would choose, which could reduce our return on assets. In the event that we are unable to meet these collateral obligations, our financial condition could deteriorate rapidly.

We may utilize a significant amount of additional debt to finance our operations, which may compound losses and reduce cash available for distributions to you.

We may further leverage our portfolio through the use of securitizations, additional bank credit facilities, repurchase agreements, and other borrowings. The leverage we may deploy will vary depending on our availability of funds, ability to obtain credit facilities, the loan-to-value and debt service coverage ratios of our assets, the yield on our assets and our financial performance. Substantially all of our assets are pledged as collateral for our borrowings. Our return on our investments and cash available for distribution to our stockholders may be reduced to the extent that changes in market conditions cause the cost of our financing to increase relative to the income that we can derive from our real estate assets.

Our use of leverage may create a mismatch with the duration and index of the investments that we are financing.

We attempt to structure our leverage such that we minimize the difference between the term of our investments and the leverage we use to finance such an investment. In the event that our leverage is for a shorter term then the financed investment, we may not be able to extend or find appropriate replacement leverage, and that would have an adverse impact on our liquidity and our returns. In the event that our leverage is for a longer term than the financed investment, we may not be able to repay such leverage or replace the financed investment with an optimal substitute or at all, which will negatively impact our returns. In addition, we generally originate fixed rate loan investments and partially finance those investments with floating rate liabilities. Our investments in fixed rate assets are generally exposed to changes in value due to interest rate fluctuations; however, the short maturity and low debt to investments of our loan portfolio partially offset that risk.

 
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If interest rates rise, our debt service costs will increase and the value of our loans and properties may decrease.

Our Credit Facilities and certain other borrowings bear interest at variable rates, and we may incur additional debt in the future. Increases in market interest rates would increase our interest expense under these debt obligations and would increase the costs of refinancing existing indebtedness or obtaining new debt. Additionally, increases in market interest rates may result in a decrease in the liquidity and value of our loans, most of which are made at a fixed rate, our real estate holdings and decrease the market price of our Common Stock. Accordingly, these increases could adversely affect our financial position and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

The covenants in our Credit Facilities might adversely affect us.

Our Credit Facilities requires us to satisfy certain affirmative and negative covenants and to meet numerous financial tests, and also contain certain default and cross-default provisions. If any future failure to comply with one or more of these covenants resulted in the loss of one or more of these Credit Facilities and/or required the immediate repayment of Advances under the Credit Facilities and we were unable to obtain suitable replacement financing, such loss could have a material, adverse impact on our financial position and results of operations and ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

We may not be able to access the debt or equity capital markets on favorable terms, or at all, which would adversely affect our operating results.

Additional liquidity, future equity or debt financing may not be available on terms that are favorable to us, or at all. Our ability to access additional debt and equity capital depends on various conditions in these markets, which are beyond our control. Our inability to obtain adequate capital could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, and operating results.

We may not be able to obtain leverage at the level or at the cost of funds necessary to optimize our return on investment.

Our future return on investment may depend, in part, upon our ability to grow our portfolio of invested assets through the use of leverage at a cost of debt that is lower than the yield earned on our investments. We may obtain leverage through credit agreements and other borrowings. Our future ability to obtain the necessary leverage on beneficial terms ultimately depends upon, among other things, global and regional market conditions and the quality of the portfolio assets that collateralize our indebtedness. Our failure to obtain and/or maintain leverage at desired levels, or to obtain leverage on attractive terms, would have a material adverse effect on our performance. Moreover, we may be dependent upon a few lenders to provide financing under credit agreements for our origination of loans, and there can be no assurance that these agreements will be renewed or extended at expiration.

Prolonged disruptions in the financial markets could affect our ability to obtain financing on reasonable terms and have other adverse effects on us and the market price of our Common Stock.

Commercial real estate is particularly adversely affected by a prolonged economic downturn and liquidity crisis. These circumstances may materially impact liquidity in the financial markets and result in the scarcity of certain types of financing and make certain financing terms less attractive. Our profitability will be adversely affected if we are unable to obtain cost-effective financing for our investments. A prolonged downturn in the stock or credit markets may cause us to seek alternative sources of potentially less attractive financing. In addition, these factors may make it more difficult for our borrowers to repay our loans as they may experience difficulties in selling assets, increased costs of financing or obtaining financing at all. These events in the stock and credit markets may also make it difficult or unlikely for us to raise capital through the issuance of our Common Stock or preferred stock. These disruptions in the financial markets may also have a material adverse effect on the market value of our Common Stock and other adverse effects on us or the economy in general.

 
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Changes in market conditions could adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

As with other publicly traded equity securities, the value of our Common Stock depends on various market conditions which may change from time to time. Among the market conditions that may affect the value of our Common Stock are the following:

·  
the general reputation of REITs and the attractiveness of our equity securities in comparison to other equity securities, including securities issued by other real estate related companies;

·  
our financial performance; and

·  
general stock and credit market conditions.

Management believes that the market value of our Common Stock is based primarily upon the market’s perception of our growth potential and our current and potential future earnings dividends. Consequently, our Common Stock may trade at prices that are higher or lower than our book value per share of Common Stock. If our future earnings or dividends are less than expected, it is likely that the market price of our Common Stock will diminish.

We expect our real estate loans will not be marketable, and we expect no secondary market to develop.

We do not expect our real estate loans to be marketable, and we do not expect a secondary market to develop for them. As a result, we will generally bear all the risk of our investment until the loans mature. This will limit our ability to hedge our risk in changing real estate markets and may result in reduced returns to our investors.

We may have difficulty protecting our rights as a secured lender.

We believe that our loan documents will enable us to enforce our commercial arrangements with borrowers. However, the rights of borrowers and other secured lenders may limit our practical realization of those benefits. For example:

 
• 
Judicial foreclosure is subject to the delays of protracted litigation. Although we expect non-judicial foreclosure to be quicker, our collateral may deteriorate and decrease in value during any delay in foreclosing on it;
     
 
• 
The borrower’s right of redemption during foreclosure proceedings can deter the sale of our collateral and can for practical purposes require us to manage the property;
     
 
• 
Unforeseen environmental hazards may subject us to unexpected liability and procedural delays in exercising our rights;
     
 
• 
The rights of senior or junior secured parties in the same property can create procedural hurdles for us when we foreclose on collateral;
     
 
• 
We may not be able to pursue deficiency judgments after we foreclose on collateral; and
 
 
• 
State and federal bankruptcy laws can prevent us from pursuing any actions, regardless of the progress in any of these suits or proceedings.

By becoming the owner of property, we may incur additional obligations, which may reduce the amount of funds available for distribution.

We intend to own real property only if we foreclose on a defaulted loan and purchase the property at the foreclosure sale. Acquiring a property at a foreclosure sale may involve significant costs. If we foreclose on a security property, we expect to obtain the services of a real estate broker and pay the broker’s commission in connection with the sale of the property. We may incur substantial legal fees and court costs in acquiring a property through contested foreclosure and/or bankruptcy proceedings. In addition, significant expenditures, including property taxes, maintenance costs, renovation expenses, mortgage payments, insurance costs and related charges, must be made on any property we own, regardless of whether the property is producing any income.
 
 
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Under applicable environmental laws, any owner of real property may be fully liable for the costs involved in cleaning up any contamination by materials hazardous to the environment. Even though we might be entitled to indemnification from the person that caused the contamination, there is no assurance that the responsible person would be able to indemnify us to the full extent of our liability. Furthermore, we would still have court and administrative expenses for which we may not be entitled to indemnification.

A prolonged economic slowdown or severe recession could harm our business.

The risks associated with our business are more acute during periods of economic slowdown or recession because these periods can be accompanied by decreased demand for consumer credit and declining real estate values. Because we are a non-conventional lender willing to invest in riskier loans, rates of delinquencies, foreclosures and losses on our loans could be higher than those generally experienced in the mortgage lending industry during periods of economic slowdown or recession. Any sustained period of increased delinquencies, foreclosures or losses could adversely affect our ability to originate, purchase and securitize loans, which could significantly harm our financial condition, liquidity and results of operations.

Our results are subject to fluctuations in interest rates and other economic conditions and a significant increase in interest rates could harm our business.

      As of December 31, 2014, most of our loans do not have a prepayment penalty or exit fee. Based on our Manager’s historical experience, we expect that at least 90% of our loans will continue to not have a prepayment penalty. Should interest rates decrease, our borrowers may prepay their outstanding loans with us in order to receive a more favorable rate. This may reduce the amount of income we have available to distribute to you.

      Our results of operations will vary with changes in interest rates and with the performance of the relevant real estate markets. If the economy is healthy, we expect that more investors will borrow money to acquire, develop or renovate real property. However, if the economy grows too fast, interest rates may increase too quickly and the cost of borrowing may cause real estate values to decline. Alternatively, if the economy enters a recession, real estate development may slow. A slowdown in real estate activity may reduce the opportunities for real estate lending and we may have fewer loans to make or acquire, thus reducing our revenues and the distributions you receive.

      If, at a time of relatively low interest rates, a borrower should prepay obligations that have a higher interest rate from an earlier period, we will likely not be able to reinvest the funds in loans earning that higher rate of interest. In the absence of a prepayment fee, we will receive neither the anticipated revenue stream at the higher rate nor any compensation for its loss. This is a risk if the loans we invest in do not have prepayment penalties or exit fees.
 
 
Furthermore, if interest rates were to increase significantly, the costs of borrowing may become too expensive, which may negatively impact new loan originations by reducing demand for real estate lending and could adversely affect our financial condition, liquidity and results of operations and adversely affect the market value of our Common Stock.

We face competition for real estate loans that may reduce available returns and fees available.

Our competitors consist primarily of other mortgage REIT’s, conventional real estate lenders and real estate loan investors, including commercial banks, insurance companies, mortgage brokers, pension funds and other institutional lenders. Many of the companies against which we and OFG compete have substantially greater financial, technical and other resources than us or OFG. If our competition decreases interest rates on their loans or makes funds more easily accessible, we may be required to reduce our interest rates, which would reduce our revenues and the distributions you receive.

Our Manager serves pursuant to a long-term Management Agreement that may be difficult to terminate and may not reflect arm’s-length negotiations.

We entered into a long-term Management Agreement with OFG.  The Management Agreement was negotiated by related parties and may not reflect terms as favorable as those subject to arm’s-length bargaining. The Management Agreement will continue in force for the duration of the existence of Owens Realty Mortgage, Inc., unless terminated earlier pursuant to the terms of the Management Agreement. The Management Agreement may be terminated prior to the termination of our existence: (a) upon the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock; (b) by OFG pursuant to certain procedures set forth in the Management Agreement relating to
 
 
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changes in compensation; (c) automatically in the event of an assignment of the Management Agreement by OFG (with certain exceptions), unless consented to by the Company with the approval of the Board of Directors and holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock entitled to vote on the matter; (d) by us upon certain conditions set forth in the Management Agreement, including a breach thereof by OFG; or (e) by OFG upon certain conditions set forth in the Management Agreement, including a breach thereof by the Company. Consequently, it may be difficult to terminate our Management Agreement and replace OFG in the event that its performance does not meet our expectations or for other reasons, unless the conditions for termination of the Management Agreement are satisfied.

Our Manager will face conflicts of interest concerning the allocation of its personnel’s time.

Our Manager and William C. Owens, who owns 64.3889% of the outstanding shares of stock of OFG as of December 31, 2014, although unlikely, may also sponsor other real estate programs having investment objectives and policies similar to ours. As a result, OFG and William C. Owens may have conflicts of interest in allocating their time and resources between our business and other activities. During times of intense activity in other programs and ventures, OFG and its key people may devote less time and resources to our business than they ordinarily would. Our Management Agreement with OFG does not specify a minimum amount of time and attention that OFG and its key people are required to devote to the Company. Thus, OFG may not spend sufficient time managing our operations, which could result in our not meeting our investment objectives. Currently, OFG does not sponsor other real estate programs or any other programs that have an objective and policies similar to those of the Company.

Our Manager will face conflicts of interest arising from our fee structure.

OFG will receive fees from borrowers that would otherwise increase our returns. Because OFG receives all of these fees, our interests will diverge from those of OFG and William C. Owens when OFG decides whether we should charge the borrower higher interest rates or OFG should receive higher fees from borrowers.

OFG earned a total of approximately $1,884,000, $1,816,000 and $1,926,000 for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively, for managing the Company. In addition, OFG earned a total of approximately $1,245,000, $664,000 and $61,000 in fees from borrowers for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The total amount earned by OFG that is paid by borrowers represents fees on loans originated or extended for the Company (including loans fees, late payment charges and miscellaneous fees).

With respect to properties we acquire through foreclosure, we may be unable to renew leases or re-lease space as leases expire on favorable terms or at all, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, cash available for distribution to you, per share trading price of our Common Stock and our ability to satisfy our debt service obligations.

Because we compete with a number of real estate operators in connection with the leasing of our properties, the possibility exists that one or more of our tenants will extend or renew its lease with us when the lease term expires on terms that are less favorable to us than the terms of the then-expiring lease, or that such tenant or tenants will not renew at all. Because we depend, in large part, on rental payments from our tenants, if one or more tenants renews its lease on terms less favorable to us or does not renew its lease, or if we do not re-lease a significant portion of the space made available, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, cash available for distribution, per-share trading price of our Common Stock and ability to satisfy our debt service obligations could be materially adversely affected.

If any of our foreclosed properties incurs a vacancy, it could be difficult to sell or re-lease.

One or more of our properties may incur a vacancy by either the continued default of a tenant under its lease or the expiration of one of our leases. Certain of our properties may be specifically suited to the particular needs of a tenant (e.g., a retail bank branch or distribution warehouse), and major renovations and expenditures may be required in order for us to re-lease vacant space for other uses. We may have difficulty obtaining a new tenant for any vacant space we have in our properties. If the vacancy continues for a long period of time, we may suffer reduced revenues, resulting in less cash available to be distributed to you. In addition, the resale value of a property could be diminished because the market value of a particular property will depend principally upon the value of the leases of such property.

 
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Our properties may be subject to impairment charges.

We periodically evaluate our real estate investments for impairment indicators. The judgment regarding the existence of impairment indicators is based on factors such as market conditions, tenant performance and legal structure. For example, the early termination of, or default under, a lease by a tenant may lead to an impairment charge. If we determine that an impairment has occurred, we would be required to make an adjustment to the net carrying value of the property, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations in the period in which the impairment charge is recorded.

Operating expenses of our properties acquired through foreclosure will reduce our cash flow and funds available for future distributions.

For certain of our properties acquired through foreclosure, we are responsible for operating costs of the property. In some of these instances, our leases require the tenant to reimburse us for all or a portion of these costs, in the form of either an expense reimbursement or increased rent. Our reimbursement may be limited to a fixed amount or a specified percentage annually. To the extent operating costs exceed our reimbursement, our returns and net cash flows from the property and hence our overall operating results and cash flows could be materially adversely affected.

We would face potential adverse effects from tenant defaults, bankruptcies or insolvencies.

The bankruptcy of our tenants may adversely affect the income generated by our properties. If our tenant files for bankruptcy, we generally cannot evict the tenant solely because of such bankruptcy. In addition, a bankruptcy court could authorize a bankrupt tenant to reject and terminate its lease with us. In such a case, our claim against the tenant for unpaid and future rent would be subject to a statutory cap that might be substantially less than the remaining rent actually owed under the lease, and it is unlikely that a bankrupt tenant would pay in full amounts it owes us under the lease. Any shortfall resulting from the bankruptcy of one or more of our tenants could adversely affect our cash flow and results of operations.

We face intense competition, which may decrease or prevent increases in the occupancy and rental rates of our properties.

We compete with numerous developers, owners and operators of retail, industrial and office real estate, many of which own properties similar to ours in the same markets in which our properties are located. If one of our properties becomes vacant and our competitors offer space at rental rates below current market rates, or below the rental rates we currently charge our tenants, we may lose existing or potential tenants and we may be pressured to reduce our rental rates below those we currently charge or to offer substantial rent abatements. As a result, our financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, per share trading price of our Common Stock and ability to satisfy our debt service obligations and to make distributions to you may be adversely affected.

We may be required to make significant capital expenditures to improve our foreclosed properties in order to retain and attract tenants, causing a decline in operating revenue and reducing cash available for debt service and distributions to you.

If adverse economic conditions continue in the real estate market, we expect that, upon expiration of leases at our properties, we will be required to make rent or other concessions to tenants, and/or accommodate requests for renovations, build-to-suit remodeling and other improvements. As a result, we may have to make significant capital or other expenditures in order to retain tenants whose leases expire and to attract new tenants. Additionally, we may need to raise capital to make such expenditures. If we are unable to do so or capital is otherwise unavailable, we may be unable to make the required expenditures. This could result in non-renewals by tenants upon expiration of their leases, which would result in declines in revenue from operations and reduce cash available for debt service and distributions to you.

United States Federal Income Tax Risks Relating to Our REIT Qualification

Our failure to qualify as a REIT would subject us to U.S. federal income tax, which would reduce amounts available for distribution to our stockholders.

We are taxed as a REIT under the Code. Our qualification as a REIT requires us to satisfy numerous requirements (some on an annual and quarterly basis) established under highly technical and complex Code provisions for which there are only limited judicial or administrative interpretations and involves the determination of various factual matters and circumstances not entirely within our control. We intend that our organization and method of operation will qualify us as a REIT, but we may not be able to remain so qualified in the future. Future legislation, new regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions could adversely affect our ability to qualify as a REIT or adversely affect our stockholders.

 
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We intend to hold certain property foreclosed upon by OMIF prior to the REIT conversion through one or more wholly-owned corporate taxable REIT subsidiaries.  Under the Code, no more than 25% of the value of the assets of a REIT may be represented by securities of one or more taxable REIT subsidiaries, and a taxable REIT subsidiary generally cannot operate a lodging or health care facility. These limitations may limit our ability to hold properties through taxable REIT subsidiaries. In the event that we determine that the foreclosed properties are held for investment and, therefore, are not subject to the 100% tax on prohibited transactions, there is no guarantee that the IRS will agree with our determination.  Finally, in the event that any of our foreclosed properties constitute lodging or health care facilities that cannot be operated by a taxable REIT subsidiary, such properties will be operated by an “eligible independent contractor,” as defined in Section 856(d)(9)(A) of the Code.

If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we would be subject to U.S. federal income tax (including any applicable alternative minimum tax) on our taxable income at corporate rates, and we would not be allowed to deduct distributions made to our stockholders in computing our taxable income. We may also be disqualified from treatment as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year in which we failed to qualify. The additional tax liability would reduce our net earnings available for investment or distribution to stockholders. In addition, we would no longer be required to make distributions to our stockholders. Even if we continue to qualify as a REIT, we will continue to be subject to certain U.S. federal, state and local taxes on our income and property.

We cannot assure you that we will have access to funds to meet our distribution and tax obligations.

In order to qualify as a REIT, we will be required each year to distribute to our stockholders at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and by excluding any net capital gain). Furthermore, we will be subject to corporate-level U.S. federal income taxation on our undistributed income and gain. We intend to make distributions to our stockholders of substantially all of our income and gain so as to comply with the 90% distribution requirement and limit corporate-level U.S. federal income taxation of the Company. Although we generally do not intend to make distributions in excess of our REIT taxable income and any net capital gain, we may do so from time to time. A distribution of REIT taxable income or net capital gain generally will be a taxable distribution to you and not represent a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes. If we make distributions in excess of our REIT taxable income and any net capital gain, the excess portion of these distributions generally would represent a non-taxable return of capital for such purposes up to your tax basis in your Common Stock and then generally capital gain. The portion of any distribution treated as a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes would reduce your tax basis in your Common Stock by a corresponding amount. Differences in timing between taxable income and cash available for distribution could require us to borrow funds or raise capital by selling assets to enable us to meet these distribution requirements. We also could be required to pay taxes and liabilities in the event we were to fail to qualify as a REIT. Our inability to retain earnings (resulting from these distribution requirements) generally may require us to refinance debt that matures with additional debt or equity. There can be no assurance that any of these sources of funds, if available at all, would be available to meet our distribution and tax obligations.

Changes in the tax laws could make investments in REITs less attractive and could reduce the tax benefits of our REIT conversion.

The U.S. federal income tax laws governing REITs and the administrative interpretations of those laws may be amended or changed at any time. Any of those new laws or interpretations may take effect retroactively and could adversely affect us or you as a stockholder.

Taxable REIT subsidiaries are subject to corporate-level tax, which may devalue our Common Stock relative to other companies.

Taxable REIT subsidiaries are corporations subject to corporate-level tax. Our use of taxable REIT subsidiaries may cause the market to value our Common Stock lower than the stock of other publicly traded REITs which may not use taxable REIT subsidiaries and lower than the equity of mortgage pools taxable as non-publicly traded partnerships, which generally are not subject to any U.S. federal income taxation on their income and gain.

 
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Distributions from a REIT are currently taxed at a higher rate than corporate distributions.

The maximum U.S. federal income tax rate on both distributions from certain domestic and foreign corporations and net capital gain for individuals is 20%. However, this rate of tax on distributions generally will not apply to our distributions (except those distributions identified by the Company as “capital gain dividends” which are taxable as long-term capital gain), and therefore such distributions generally will be taxed as ordinary income. Ordinary income generally is subject to U.S. federal income tax at a maximum rate of 39.6% for individuals. The higher tax rate on the Company’s distributions may cause the market to devalue our Common Stock relative to stock of those corporations whose distributions qualify for the lower rate of taxation.

A portion of our business is potentially subject to prohibited transactions tax.

As a REIT, we are subject to a 100% tax on our net income from any “prohibited transactions.” In general, prohibited transactions are sales or other dispositions of property, other than foreclosure property, but including loans, held as inventory or primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. Sales by us of property in the ordinary course of our business will generally constitute prohibited transactions. The Company might be subject to this tax if it was to sell a property or loan in a manner that was treated as a sale of inventory for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Therefore, in order to avoid the prohibited transactions tax, we may choose not to engage in certain sales of properties or loans, other than through a taxable REIT subsidiary, and will attempt to comply with the terms of safe-harbor provisions in the U.S. federal income tax laws prescribing when a sale of real property or a loan will not be characterized as a prohibited transaction, even though the sales might otherwise be beneficial to us. We cannot assure you however, that we can comply with the safe-harbor provisions or that we will not be subject to the prohibited transactions tax on some earned income.

Our use of taxable REIT subsidiaries may have adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences.

We must comply with various tests to qualify and continue to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and our income from and investments in taxable REIT subsidiaries do not constitute permissible income and investments for purposes of some of the REIT qualification tests. While we will attempt to ensure that our dealings with our taxable REIT subsidiaries will not adversely affect our REIT qualification, we cannot assure you that we will successfully achieve that result. Furthermore, we may be subject to a 100% penalty tax, or our taxable REIT subsidiaries may be denied deductions, to the extent our dealings with our taxable REIT subsidiaries are not deemed to be arm’s length in nature.

We may endanger our REIT status if the distributions we receive from our taxable REIT subsidiaries exceed applicable REIT gross income tests.

The annual gross income tests that must be satisfied to ensure REIT qualification may limit the amount of dividends that we can receive from our taxable REIT subsidiaries and still maintain our REIT status. Generally, not more than 25% of our gross income may be derived from non-real estate related sources, such as dividends from a taxable REIT subsidiary. If, for any taxable year, the dividends we receive from our taxable REIT subsidiaries, when added to our other items of non-real estate related income, represent more than 25% of our total gross income for the year, we could be denied REIT status, unless we were able to demonstrate, among other things, that our failure of the gross income test was due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect.

Risks of Ownership of Our Common Stock

The public market for our Common Stock may be limited.

There may be limited interest in investing in our Common Stock and, while we are listed on the NYSE MKT and our shares have been trading for a short period, we cannot assure you that an established or liquid trading market for the Common Stock will develop or that it will continue if it does develop. In the absence of a liquid public market with adequate investor demand, you may be unable to liquidate your investment in our Common Stock.

Sales of our Common Stock could have an adverse effect on our stock price.

Sales of a substantial number of shares of our Common Stock could adversely affect the market price for our Common Stock. Subject to the restrictions on ownership and transfer in our charter, all of the shares of Common Stock issued in the Merger, other than any shares issued to an “affiliate” under the Securities Act, are freely tradable without restriction or further registration under the Securities Act. In addition, none of our shares outstanding at the date of the Merger were subject to lock-up agreements. We cannot predict the effect that future sales of our Common Stock will have on the market price of our Common Stock.

 
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The market price and trading volume of our Common Stock may be volatile.

The market price of our Common Stock may be highly volatile and be subject to wide fluctuations. In addition, the trading volume in our Common Stock may fluctuate and cause significant price variations to occur. Given the level of redemption requests by limited partners prior to the Merger, there could be some continuing downward pressure on the market price of our Common Stock after the Merger as stockholders liquidate their investment in the Company. Additionally, the Company will be dissolved on December 31, 2034, unless our charter is amended. As we move closer to the dissolution date, we expect to stop making new loans, and we expect that our stock price will approach our book value per share though there can be no assurances that this will occur.

We cannot assure you that the market price of our Common Stock will not fluctuate or decline significantly in the future. Some of the factors, many of which are beyond our control, that could negatively affect our stock price or result in fluctuations in the price or trading volume of our Common Stock include:

 
• 
additional increases in loans defaulting or becoming non-performing or being written off;
 
 
• 
actual or anticipated variations in our operating results or our distributions to stockholders;
 
 
sales of significant real estate properties;
 
 
• 
publication of research reports about us or the real estate industry, or changes in recommendations or in estimated financial results by securities analysts who provide research to the marketplace on us, our competitors or our industry;
 
 
• 
changes in market valuations of similar companies;
 
 
• 
changes in tax laws affecting REITs;
 
 
• 
adverse market reaction to any increased indebtedness we incur; and
 
 
• 
general market and economic conditions, including, among other things, actual and projected interest rates and the market for the types of assets that we hold or invest in.
 
Market interest rates could have an adverse effect on our stock price.

One of the factors that will influence the price of our Common Stock will be the distribution return on our Common Stock (as a percentage of the price of our Common Stock) relative to market interest rates. Thus, an increase in market interest rates may lead prospective purchasers of our Common Stock to expect a higher distribution yield, which would adversely affect the market price of our Common Stock.

We may continue to incur increased costs as a result of being a listed company.

Our Common Stock is listed on the NYSE MKT. As a listed company, we have incurred additional legal, accounting and other expenses that we did not incur as a non-listed company. We have also incurred costs associated with corporate governance requirements, as well as new accounting pronouncements and new rules implemented by the SEC, NYSE MKT, or any other applicable national securities exchange. Any expenses required to comply with evolving standards may result in increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management time and attention from our business. In addition, these laws and regulations could make it more difficult or more costly for us to obtain certain types of insurance, including director and officer liability insurance, and we may be forced to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially greater costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. We are currently evaluating and monitoring developments with respect to these laws and regulations and cannot predict or estimate the amount or timing of additional costs we may incur in responding to their requirements.

 
25

 
Risks Related to Our Organization and Structure

Our charter restricts the ownership and transfer of our outstanding stock, which may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or change of control of the Company

In order for us to qualify as a REIT, no more than 50% of the value of outstanding shares of our stock may be owned, beneficially or constructively, by five or fewer individuals at any time during the last half of each taxable year other than the year for which we elect to be taxed as a REIT.  Subject to certain exceptions, our charter prohibits any stockholder from owning actually or constructively more than 9.8%, in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of the outstanding shares of our Common Stock, and 9.8% in value of the outstanding shares of all classes or series of our stock.  The constructive ownership rules under the Code are complex and may cause the outstanding stock owned by a group of related individuals or entities to be deemed to be constructively owned by one individual or entity.  As a result, the acquisition of less than 9.8% of our outstanding Common Stock or the outstanding shares of all classes or series of our stock by an individual or entity could cause that individual or entity to own constructively in excess of the relevant ownership limits.  Our charter also prohibits any person from owning shares of our stock that would result in our being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Code or otherwise cause us to fail to qualify as a REIT.  Any attempt to own or transfer shares of our Common Stock in violation of these restrictions may result in the shares being automatically transferred to a charitable trust or may be void.

Certain provisions of Maryland law may limit the ability of a third party to acquire control of the Company

The charter and bylaws of the Company and Maryland corporate law contain provisions that could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control of us that might involve a premium price for holders of our Common Stock or otherwise be in their best interests.

Subject to certain limitations, provisions of the MGCL prohibit certain business combinations between the Company and an “interested stockholder” (defined generally as any person who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of our outstanding voting stock or an affiliate or associate of us who beneficially owned 10% or more of the voting power of our then outstanding stock at any time during the two-year period immediately prior to the date in question) or an affiliate of an interested stockholder for five years after the most recent date on which the stockholder became an interested stockholder.  After the five-year period, business combinations between us and an interested stockholder or an affiliate of an interested stockholder must generally either provide a minimum price (as defined in the MGCL) to our stockholders in cash or other consideration in the same form as previously paid by the interested stockholder or be recommended by our Board of Directors and approved by the affirmative vote of at least 80% of the votes entitled to be cast by holders of our outstanding shares of voting stock and at least two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast by stockholders other than the interested stockholder and its affiliates and associates.  These provisions of the MGCL relating to business combinations do not apply, however, to business combinations that are approved or exempted by our Board of Directors prior to the time that the interested stockholder becomes an interested stockholder.  As permitted by the MGCL, our Board of Directors has adopted a resolution exempting any business combination between us and any other person, provided that the business combination is approved by our Board of Directors (including a majority of directors who are not affiliates or associates of such persons), and between us and OFG and its affiliates and associates.  However, our Board of Directors may repeal or modify this resolution at any time in the future, in which case the applicable provisions of this statute will become applicable to business combinations between us and interested stockholders.

The “control share” provisions of the MGCL provide that a holder of “control shares” of a Maryland corporation (defined as shares which, when aggregated with other shares controlled by the stockholder (except solely by virtue of a revocable proxy), entitle the stockholder to exercise one of three increasing ranges of voting power in electing directors) acquired in a “control share acquisition” (defined as the direct or indirect acquisition of ownership or control of “control shares”) has no voting rights with respect to such shares except to the extent approved by our stockholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding votes entitled to be cast by the acquiror of control shares, our officers and our employees who are also our directors.  Our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the control share acquisition statute any and all acquisitions by any person of shares of our stock.  There can be no assurance that this provision will not be amended or eliminated at any time in the future.

The Company has elected to implement a classified Board of Directors, require a two-thirds vote to remove a director and to implement other provisions of Title 3, Subtitle 8 of the MGCL that may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or a change of control of the Company.
 
 
26

 
On November 12, 2013, our Board of Directors elected to be subject to all of the provisions of Sections 3-803, 3-804 and 3-805 of Title 3, Subtitle 8 of the MGCL (“Subtitle 8”). As a result of this election, without stockholder approval and regardless of any provision in our charter or bylaws, our Board caused the following provisions of Subtitle 8 relating to our Board and the calling of stockholder meetings to be implemented, and these provisions may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or a change of control of the Company that might be in our stockholders’ best interests:

·  
Board Classification. As a result of the election under Subtitle 8, the Board is classified into three separate classes of directors. At each annual meeting of the stockholders of the Company, the successors to the class of directors whose term expires at that meeting will be elected to hold office for a term continuing until the annual meeting of stockholders held in the third year following the year of their election and until their successors are elected and qualified.

·  
Removal of Directors. As a result of the election to be subject to Section 3-804 of the MGCL, the removal of directors will require the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all of the votes entitled to be cast by the stockholders generally in the election of directors.

·  
Board Size. The election to be subject to Section 3-804 of the MGCL also provides that the Board has the exclusive right to set the number of directors on the Board.  This election did not result in substantive change to the requirements already provided in the Company’s charter and bylaws.

·  
Vacancies on the Board. As a result of the election to be subject to Section 3-804 of the MGCL, the Board has the exclusive right, by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors, even if the remaining directors do not constitute a quorum, to fill vacancies on the Board, and any director elected by the Board to fill a vacancy will hold office for the remainder of the full term of the class of directors in which the vacancy occurred and until his or her successor is elected and qualified.

·  
Special Meetings Called at the Request of Stockholders. As a result of the election to be subject to Section 3-805 of the MGCL, special meetings of stockholders called at the request of stockholders may now be called by the Secretary of the Company only on the written request of the stockholders entitled to cast at least a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast at the meeting.

Our Board of Directors has the power to cause us to issue additional shares of our stock without stockholder approval.

Our charter authorizes us to issue additional authorized but unissued shares of common or preferred stock.  In addition, our Board of Directors may, without stockholder approval, amend our charter to increase the aggregate number of our shares of stock or the number of shares of stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue and classify or reclassify any unissued shares of common or preferred stock and set the preferences, rights and other terms of the classified or reclassified shares.  As a result, our Board of Directors may establish a series of shares of common or preferred stock that could delay or prevent a transaction or a change in control that might involve a premium price for our shares of Common Stock or otherwise be in the best interests of our stockholders.

Our rights and the rights of our stockholders to take action against our directors and officers are limited, which could limit your recourse in the event of actions not in your best interests.

Maryland law provides that a director has no liability in that capacity if he or she performs his or her duties in good faith, in a manner he or she reasonably believes to be in our best interests and with the care that an ordinarily prudent person in a like position would use under similar circumstances. As permitted by the MGCL, our charter limits the liability of our directors and officers to us and our stockholders for money damages, except for liability resulting from:

 
• 
actual receipt of an improper benefit or profit in money, property or services; or
 
 
• 
a final judgment based upon a finding of active and deliberate dishonesty by the director or officer that was material to the cause of action adjudicated.
 
 
27

 
Our charter authorizes us to obligate ourselves to indemnify our present and former directors and officers for actions taken by them in those and other capacities to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law. Our bylaws require us to indemnify, to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law, each present or former director or officer who is made, or threatened to be made, a party to any proceeding because of his or her service to us. In addition, we may be obligated to advance the defense costs incurred by our directors and officers.


None


The Manager operates from its executive offices at 2221 Olympic Boulevard, Walnut Creek, CA 94595 (the “Executive Office”). The lessor is Olympic Blvd. Partners, a California Limited Partnership (“OBP”), of which the Manager is a 50% general partner. The Executive Office is the sole asset of OBP. The Executive Office is subject to a loan with a principal balance of $700,697 as of December 31, 2014 with monthly payments of interest and principal of $4,566 and a balloon payment of $617,013 due on February 28, 2018. The loan is subject to a prepayment penalty equal to 1% of any unscheduled principal payments made in the twelve month period prior to January 31, 2016. The Company does not have separate offices.

As of December 31, 2014, we hold title to thirty-one real estate properties that were acquired through foreclosure including properties held within twelve majority- or wholly-owned limited liability companies and one within a wholly-owned corporation (see below). As of December 31, 2014, the total carrying amount of these properties was $163,017,000. Twenty-four of the properties are being held for long-term investment and the remaining seven properties are currently being marketed for sale. We also have a 50% ownership interest in a limited liability company accounted for under the equity method that owns property located in Santa Clara, California with a carrying amount of $2,143,000 as of December 31, 2014.

·  
The Company’s (or related entities) title to all properties is held as fee simple.
 
·  
There are mortgages or encumbrances to third parties on three of our real estate properties (see below for 720 University, LLC, Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC and TOTB Miami, LLC).
 
·  
Of the thirty-one properties held, seventeen of the properties are income-producing. Only minor renovations and repairs to the properties are currently being made or planned (other than continued tenant improvements on real estate held for investment, development of the land held within Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC, development of the North Building within TOTB North, LLC and improvements to the property and bridge accessing the marina within Brannan Island, LLC).
 
·  
The Manager believes that all properties owned by the Company are adequately covered by customary casualty insurance.

Real estate acquired through foreclosure may be held for a number of years before ultimate disposition primarily because we have the intent and ability to dispose of the properties for the highest possible price (such as when market conditions improve). During the time that the real estate is held, we may earn less income on these properties than could be earned on loans and may have negative cash flow on these properties.

Some of the properties we acquire, primarily through foreclosure proceedings, may face competition from newer, more updated properties. In order to remain competitive and increase occupancy at these properties and/or make them attractive to potential purchasers, we may have to make significant capital improvements and/or incur costs associated with correcting deferred maintenance with respect to these properties. The cost of these improvements and deferred maintenance items may impair our financial performance and liquidity.  Additionally, we compete with any entity seeking to acquire or dispose of similar properties, including REITs, banks, pension funds, hedge funds, real estate developers and private real estate investors. Competition is primarily dependent on price, location, physical condition of the property, financial condition and operating results of current and prospective tenants, availability and cost of capital, construction and renovation costs, taxes, governmental regulations, legislation and trends in the national and local economies.

For purposes of assessing potential impairment of value during 2014 and 2013, we obtained updated appraisals or other valuation support on certain of our real estate properties held for sale and investment, which resulted in additional impairment losses on one and two properties, respectively, in the aggregate amount of approximately $179,000 and $666,000, respectively, recorded in the consolidated statements of operations.
 
 
28

 
Real estate properties held for sale as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 consisted of the following properties acquired through foreclosure:
   
2014
 
2013
Retail complex, Greeley, Colorado (held within 720 University, LLC) – transferred from held for investment in 2014
 
$
11,547,472
 
$
Undeveloped, industrial land, San Jose, California – transferred to held for investment in 2014
   
   
1,958,400
Undeveloped, commercial land, Half Moon Bay, California – sold in 2014
   
   
1,468,800
Medical office condominium complex, Gilbert, Arizona (held within AMFU, LLC) – transferred from held for investment in 2014
   
4,716,159
   
Commercial buildings, Sacramento, California – transferred from held for investment in 2014
   
3,890,968
   
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Gypsum, Colorado – transferred from held for investment in 2014
   
5,813,434
   
Commercial and residential land under development, South Lake Tahoe, California (held within Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC) – transferred from held for investment in 2014
   
30,449,896
   
Marina with 30 boat slips and 11 RV spaces, Oakley, California (held within The Last Resort and Marina, LLC) – transferred to held for investment in 2014
   
   
408,000
Golf course, Auburn, California (held within Lone Star Golf, Inc.)
   
2,020,410
   
1,961,284
1/7th interest in single family home, Lincoln City, Oregon – transferred to held for investment in 2014
   
   
93,647
Retail buildings, San Jose, California – obtained via foreclosure in 2014
   
1,056,000
   
   
$
59,494,339
 
$
5,890,131


 
29

 
 
Real estate held for investment, net of accumulated depreciation, is comprised of the following properties as of December 31, 2014 and 2013:

   
2014
 
2013
 
Light industrial building, Paso Robles, California
 
$
1,459,063
 
$
1,489,120
 
Commercial buildings, Roseville, California
   
731,905
   
767,077
 
Retail complex, Greeley, Colorado (held within 720 University, LLC) – transferred to held for sale in 2014
   
   
11,697,485
 
Undeveloped, residential land, Madera County, California
   
726,580
   
726,580
 
Undeveloped, residential land, Marysville, California
   
403,200
   
403,200
 
Undeveloped land, Auburn, California (formerly part of golf course owned by DarkHorse Golf Club, LLC)
   
103,198
   
103,198
 
75 improved, residential lots, Auburn, California (held within Baldwin Ranch Subdivision, LLC)
   
3,878,544
   
3,878,544
 
Undeveloped, industrial land, San Jose, California – transferred from held for sale in 2014
   
1,958,400
   
 
Storage facility/business, Stockton, California
   
3,847,884
   
3,943,780
 
One and two improved residential lots, West Sacramento, California – one lot sold in 2014
   
58,560
   
117,120
 
Undeveloped, residential land, Coolidge, Arizona
   
1,017,600
   
1,017,600
 
Marina with 30 boat slips and 11 RV spaces, Oakley, California (held within The Last Resort and Marina, LLC) – transferred from held for sale in 2014
   
236,500
   
 
Office condominium complex (15 units), Roseville, California
   
3,684,203
   
3,810,020
 
Industrial building, Sunnyvale, California (held within Wolfe Central, LLC)
   
3,027,734
   
3,116,791
 
133 condominium units, Phoenix, Arizona (held within 54th Street Condos, LLC)
   
6,933,229
   
7,097,056
 
Medical office condominium complex, Gilbert, Arizona (held within AMFU, LLC) – transferred to held for sale in 2014
   
   
4,771,234
 
61 condominium units, Lakewood, Washington (held within Phillips Road, LLC)
   
4,364,743
   
4,509,828
 
Commercial buildings, Sacramento, California – transferred to held for sale in 2014
   
   
3,890,968
 
169 condominium units and 160 unit unoccupied apartment building under renovation, Miami, Florida (held within TOTB Miami, LLC)
   
34,353,958
   
33,017,315
 
1/7th interest in single family home, Lincoln City, Oregon – transferred from held for sale in 2014
   
93,647
   
 
12 condominium and 3 commercial units, Tacoma, Washington (held within Broadway & Commerce, LLC)
   
2,408,681
   
2,413,170
 
6 improved residential lots, Coeur D’Alene, Idaho
   
316,800
   
316,800
 
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Gypsum, Colorado – transferred to held for sale in 2014
   
   
5,814,418
 
Retail Complex, South Lake Tahoe, California (held within Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC) (1)
   
23,211,896
   
34,495,674
 
Marina and yacht club with 179 boat slips, Isleton, California (held within Brannan Island, LLC)
   
2,220,448
   
2,028,855
 
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Bethel Island, California (held within Sandmound Marina, LLC)
   
2,334,773
   
 
Marina with 52 boat slips and campground, Bethel Island, California (held within Sandmound Marina, LLC)
   
1,145,919
   
 
Assisted living facility, Bensalem, Pennsylvania – obtained via foreclosure in 2014
   
5,005,000
   
 
   
$
103,522,466
 
$
129,425,833
 
(1) As of December 31, 2013 balance includes all TSV land under development.
             


 
30

 

We presently have no plans to significantly improve any of our unimproved or undeveloped properties (land), other than the property held within Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC (“TSV”).  During 2015, we also plan to improve the bridge accessing the marina held within Brannan Island, LLC and plan to renovate the units within the North Building held within TOTB North, LLC (“TOTB North”), which is wholly owned by TOTB Miami, LLC (“TOTB”).

The only real estate properties with book values in excess of 10% of our total assets or with gross revenue in excess of 10% of our total revenue are the properties located in Miami, Florida (held within TOTB), the property located in Greeley, Colorado (held within 720 University, LLC or “720 University”) and the properties located in South Lake Tahoe, California (held within TSV). TOTB is a residential condominium complex and none of the individual leases are for greater than 10% of the rentable square footage of the buildings. The TSV commercial and residential second phase property is currently under development and has no operating activity as of December 31, 2014.

Other operating data related to TOTB is as follows:
   
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Average Annual Rental per Square Foot (1)
$
$18.07
 
$
17.16
 
$
16.42
Federal Tax Basis of Depreciable Assets (all
Residential Buildings and Improvements) (2)
$
14,856,727
 
$
14,856,727
 
$
16,235,274
 
Depreciation Rate
 
                3.64%
   
                3.64%
   
3.64%
Depreciation Method
 
MACRS
Straight Line
   
MACRS
Straight Line
   
MACRS
Straight Line
Depreciable Life
 
27.5 Years
   
  27.5 Years
   
27.5 Years
Realty Tax Rate (3)
$
              23.057
 
$
                 23.197
 
$
22.598
Annual Realty Taxes (4)
$
         694,310
 
$
            607,319
 
$
539,468
       
     
(1) 2013 and 2012 adjusted to reflect changes in total square footage in 2014 from 167,963 to 180,792 (not including the North Building under renovation).
(2) Does not include the North building which is currently under renovation.
(3) Millage rate per $1,000 of Taxable Value.
(4) Including property taxes of the North Building under renovation.

The following table shows information regarding rental rates and lease expirations over the next two years for TOTB and assumes that none of the tenants exercise renewal options or termination rights, if any, at or prior to scheduled expirations:

Year of
Lease
Expiration
December 31,
 
Number of
Leases
Expiring
Within the
Year
 
Rentable
Square
Footage
Subject to
Expiring
Leases
 
Final
Annualized
Base Rent
Under
Expiring
Leases (1)
 
Percentage of Gross Annual Rental Represented by Such Leases
 
2015
 
151
 
160,900
$
3,193,236
 
94.6%
 
2016
 
1
 
925
 
17,100
 
0.5%
 
   
152
 
161,825
$
3,210,336
 
95.1%
 
 
(1)
“Final Annualized Base Rent” for each lease scheduled to expire represents the cash rental rate of base rents, excluding tenant reimbursements, in the final month prior to expiration multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of a portion of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.


 
31

 
 
Other operating data related to 720 University is as follows:

   
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Average Annual Rental per Square Foot (1)
$
6.09
 
$
5.99
 
$
6.03
Federal Tax Basis of Depreciable Assets (all
Commercial Buildings and Improvements)
$
8,343,954
 
$
8,209,827
 
$
11,185,203
 
Depreciation Rate
 
Various
   
Various
   
 Various
Depreciation Method
 
MACRS
Straight Line
   
MACRS
Straight Line
   
MACRS
Straight Line
Depreciable Life
 
5-39 Years
   
5-39 Years
   
5-39 Years
Realty Tax Rate (2)
$
               75.554
 
$
               76.819
 
$
76.769
Annual Realty Taxes
$
            261,256
 
$
            265,630
 
$
261,441
     
(1) Includes only base and percentage rents for years presented.
     
(2) Millage rate per $1,000 of Taxable Value.

The following table shows information regarding rental rates and lease expirations over the next ten years and thereafter for 720 University and assumes that none of the tenants exercise renewal options or termination rights, if any, at or prior to scheduled expirations:
Year of
Lease
Expiration
December 31,
 
Number of
Leases
Expiring
Within the
Year
 
Rentable
Square
Footage
Subject to
Expiring
Leases
 
Final
Annualized
Base Rent
Under
Expiring
Leases (1)
 
Percentage of Gross Annual Rental Represented by Such Leases
 
2015
 
3
 
31,895
$
208,985
 
14.0%
 
2016
 
4
 
14,239
 
100,303
 
6.7%
 
2017
 
9
 
30,196
 
294,994
 
19.7%
 
2018
 
3
 
7,320
 
101,976
 
6.8%
 
2019
 
4
 
7,470
 
135,843
 
9.1%
 
2020
 
3
 
38,945
 
214,628
 
14.3%
 
2022
 
1
 
2,880
 
20,844
 
1.4%
 
2024
 
1
 
17,376
 
156,384
 
10.5%
 
Thereafter (to 2026)
 
1
 
46,966
 
178,200
 
11.9%
 
   
29
 
197,287
$
1,412,157
 
94.4%
 
     
 
(1)
“Final Annualized Base Rent” for each lease scheduled to expire represents the cash rental rate of base rents, excluding tenant reimbursements, in the final month prior to expiration multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of a portion of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.

Other operating data related to the TSV retail complex completed in 2014 is as follows (below does not include the second phase retail and residential project under development):

   
2014
 
 
2013 (1)
 
2012 (1)
Average Annual Rental per Square Foot (1)
$
41.61
 
$
N/A
 
$
N/A
Federal Tax Basis of Depreciable Assets (all Commercial Buildings and Improvements)
$
16,946,786
 
$
N/A
 
$
N/A
Depreciation Rate
 
Various
   
                   N/A
   
N/A
Depreciation Method
 
MACRS
Straight Line
   
N/A
   
N/A
Depreciable Life
 
5-39 Years
   
N/A
   
N/A
Realty Tax Rate (2)
$
               1.0667
 
$
               N/A
 
$
N/A
Annual Realty Taxes
$
129,459
 
$
            N/A
 
$
N/A
     
(1) Property was acquired via purchases and foreclosures in 2012 and 2013 and development of the retail phase was completed in the 4th quarter of 2014. Thus, this data is not applicable in 2012 and 2013.
     
(2) Millage rate per Taxable Value.
 
 
 
32

 
The following table shows information regarding rental rates and lease expirations over the next ten years for TSV and assumes that none of the tenants exercise renewal options or termination rights, if any, at or prior to scheduled expirations:
Year of
Lease
Expiration
December 31,
 
Number of
Leases
Expiring
Within the
Year
 
Rentable
Square
Footage
Subject to
Expiring
Leases
 
Final
Annualized
Base Rent
Under
Expiring
Leases (1)
 
Percentage of Gross Annual Rental Represented by Such Leases
 
2019
 
5
 
11,497
$
789,458
 
69.9%
 
2024
 
2
 
5,777
 
339,595
 
30.1%
 
   
7
 
17,274
$
1,129,053
 
100.0%
 
     
 
(1)
“Final Annualized Base Rent” for each lease scheduled to expire represents the cash rental rate of base rents, excluding tenant reimbursements, in the final month prior to expiration multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of a portion of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.

The following table presents occupancy data of our leased real estate properties held for investment as of December 31, 2014, 2013, 2012 and 2011 (where applicable):
 
   
Occupancy % (1)
Property Description/Location
Year Foreclosed
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
Light industrial building, Paso Robles, California
1997
67.4%
60.1%
58.7%
58.7%
63.7%
Commercial buildings, Roseville, California
2001
81.2%
88.6%
100.0%
81.2%
45.9%
Retail complex, Greeley, Colorado (720 University, LLC)
2001
95.3%
92.7%
94.1%
93.8%
91.9%
Storage facility/business, Stockton, California
2008
91.5%
85.8%
89.0%
82.3%
83.0%
Office condominium complex (15 units), Roseville, California
2008
70.5%
45.3%
58.9%
49.2%
11.7%
Industrial building, Sunnyvale, California
2009
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
133 condominium units, Phoenix, Arizona  (2)
2009
98.0%
94.7%
66.9%
31.6%
31.6%
Medical office condominium complex, Gilbert, Arizona
2010
43.1%
43.1%
40.4%
39.9%
50.5%
60 condominium units, Lakewood, Washington
2010
97.9%
97.1%
95.1%
95.8%
93.0%
169 condominium units, Miami, Florida (TOTB Miami, LLC) (3)
2011
95.2%
99.5%
97.5%
99.5%
N/A
12 condominium and 3 commercial units, Tacoma, Washington
2011
75.8%
37.9%
61.9%
54.3%
N/A
Retail complex, South Lake Tahoe, California
2013
75.0%
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Industrial building/land, Santa Clara, California (1850 De La Cruz, LLC)
2005
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
100.0%
Notes:
           
(1)  Calculated by dividing net rentable square feet included in leases signed on or before December 31, 2014 at the property by the aggregate net rentable square feet of the property.
(2) As of December 31, 2011 and prior, we were in the process of completing renovations to 78 of the 133 units at this property. Therefore those units were not available for lease as of those dates.
(3) We also own a 160 unit apartment building in the same complex as these condominium units in Miami, Florida. The apartment building owned directly by TOTB North is currently under renovation and is inhabitable in its present condition and, thus, no occupancy statistics are presented.

As of December 31, 2014, virtually all of our leases on residential rental properties are either month-to-month leases or will expire in 2015. These leases currently represent approximately $5,300,000 in annual rental revenue to the Company.
 
 
33

 
 
The following table shows information regarding rental rates and lease expirations over the next ten years and thereafter for our commercial and industrial rental properties at December 31, 2014 and assumes that none of the tenants exercise renewal options or termination rights, if any, at or prior to scheduled expirations:

Year of
Lease
Expiration
December 31,
 
Number of
Leases
Expiring
Within the
Year
 
Rentable
Square
Footage
Subject to
Expiring
Leases
 
Final
Annualized
Base Rent
Under
Expiring
Leases (1)
 
2015
 
14
   
99,617
 
$
1,046,213
   
2016
 
16
   
60,675
   
720,655
   
2017
 
14
   
43,660
   
433,705
   
2018
 
6
   
58,522
   
472,368
   
2019
 
12
   
55,367
   
1,575,029
   
2020
 
3
   
38,945
   
214,628
   
2021
 
   
   
   
2022
 
1
   
2,880
   
20,844
   
2023
 
 
 
 
 
   
2024
 
2
   
23,153
   
495,979
   
2025 and thereafter
 
1
   
46,966
   
178,200
   
   
69
   
429,785
 
$
5,157,621      
 

(1)
“Final Annualized Base Rent” for each lease scheduled to expire represents the cash rental rate of base rents, excluding tenant reimbursements, in the final month prior to expiration multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of a portion of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.
 
At December 31, 2014, our properties were leased to tenants that are engaged in a variety of businesses. The following table sets forth information regarding leases with the twelve tenants with the largest amounts leased based upon Annualized Base Rent as of December 31, 2014:
 
 
Leased
Square Feet
 
Annualized
Base Rent (1)
Expiration
Date
Renewal
Options
Tenant Name
 
King Soopers (720 University)
49,846
$
       198,045
3/31/2026
6-5 yr. Options
Big Lots (720 University)
34,440
 
       154,980
1/31/2020
2-5 yr. Options
Conditioning Spa (720 University)
28,022
 
       166,488
10/31/2015
1-6.5 yr. Option
Ace Hardware (720 University)
17,376
 
       139,008
8/31/2024
None
Jo-Ann Stores (720 University)
12,080
 
         72,480
1/31/2017
None
Petco Animal Supplies (Wolfe Central)
26,400
 
       570,240
9/20/2019
2-5 yr. Options
CIGNA Health Care of AZ (AMFU)
14,746
 
       258,055
9/30/2016
1-5 yr. Option
JKB Financial (Roseville, CA office)
5,954
 
               89,310
2/28/2018
None
Avis Rent A Car (1850 De La Cruz) (2) (3)
40,000
 
164,977
7/15/2018
2-5 yr. Options
Up Shirt Creek (Tahoe Stateline Venture) (3)
4,689
 
281,340
9/30/2019
2-5 yr. Options
Powder House (Tahoe Stateline Venture) (3)
5,778
 
346,680
9/30/2019
2-5 yr. Options
McP’s Pub Tahoe (Tahoe Stateline Venture)
5,777
 
262,896
10/31/2024
2-5 yr. Options

(1)
Annualized Base Rent represents the current monthly Base Rent, excluding tenant reimbursements, for each lease in effect at December 31, 2014 multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of a portion of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.
 
(2)  Amount of annualized base rent reported reflects ORM’s 50% membership interest in 1850 De La Cruz, LLC.
 
(3)  There are two leases for two separate and distinct parcels/units to this tenant with the same terms (leased square feet and annualized base rent combined).
 
 
 
34

 

In the normal course of business, we may become involved in various types of legal proceedings such as assignment of rents, bankruptcy proceedings, appointment of receivers, unlawful detainers, judicial foreclosure, etc., to enforce the provisions of the deeds of trust, collect the debt owed under the promissory notes, or to protect, or recoup its investment from the real property secured by the deeds of trust.  None of these actions would typically be of any material importance.  As of December 31, 2014, we are not involved in any legal proceedings other than those that would be considered part of the normal course of business.


Not applicable.

PART II


Market Information for Common Stock

Our Common Stock has been traded on the NYSE MKT under the ticker symbol “ORM” since July 1, 2013. The following table sets forth, for the indicated periods, the high and low sales prices for our Common Stock, as reported on the NYSE MKT.
   
Sales Price
 
   
High
 
Low
 
2013
             
Third Quarter
 
$
12.97
 
$
8.20
 
Fourth Quarter
 
$
12.99
 
$
11.33
 
2014
             
First Quarter
 
$
15.28
 
$
12.40
 
Second Quarter
 
$
19.85
 
$
14.88
 
Third Quarter
 
$
19.40
 
$
14.25
 
Fourth Quarter
 
$
15.45
 
$
13.96
 
 
The closing sale price for our Common Stock, as reported on the NYSE MKT on March 9, 2015 was $13.30 per share.

Holders

As of March 9, 2015, we had 10,768,001 shares of our Common Stock outstanding held by approximately 810 record holders. The number of record holders does not necessarily bear any relationship to the number of beneficial owners of our Common Stock.

Dividends

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes and, as such, anticipate that we will distribute annually at least 90% of our REIT taxable income. Through the calendar year ended December 31, 2014, we have paid dividends quarterly (monthly during 2013) and made distributions of approximately $2,907,000 and $2,747,000 during 2014 and 2013, respectively (including amounts accrued as of December 31, 2014 and 2013).

Dividends are declared and paid at the discretion of our Board of Directors and depend on our taxable net income, cash available for distribution, financial condition, ability to maintain our qualification as a REIT and such other factors that our Board of Directors may deem relevant. No assurance can be given as to the amounts or timing of future distributions as such distributions are subject to our taxable earnings, financial condition, capital requirements and such other factors as our Board of Directors deems relevant. For a discussion of factors which may adversely affect our ability to pay dividends and for information regarding the sources of funds used for dividends, see “Item 1A – Risk Factors” and “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.

 
35

 
The following table sets forth the dividends declared and paid per share of Common Stock during 2013 and 2014:

   
2014
 
2013
Dividends Declared:
           
First Quarter
 
$
0.05
 
$
Second Quarter
 
$
0.05
 
$
0.15
Third Quarter
 
$
0.05
 
$
0.05
Fourth Quarter
 
$
0.12
 
$
0.05
             


Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

None

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

None

Repurchases of Common Stock

The Company’s Common Stock Repurchase Plan was authorized on August 9, 2013 and expired on May 19, 2014, and no repurchases of its shares were made during the fourth quarter of 2014.


Not applicable.

 
36

 


Forward Looking Statements

Some of the information in this Form 10-K may contain forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Words such as “may,” “will,” “should,”  “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “continue” and variations of  such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our businesses, uncertain events or assumptions, and other characterizations of future events, strategies or circumstances are forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on our current expectations and could be affected by the uncertainties and risk factors described throughout this filing and particularly in “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of this Form 10-K.  All forward-looking statements and reasons why results may differ included in this Form 10-K are made as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statement or reason why actual results may differ.

Overview and Background

We are a specialty finance company that focuses on the origination, investment and management of commercial real estate loans primarily in the Western U.S.  We provide customized, short-term capital to small and middle-market investors and developers who require speed and flexibility. We are organized and conduct our operations to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. We are externally managed and advised by OFG, a specialized commercial real estate management company that has originated, serviced and managed alternative commercial real estate investments since 1951.

The Company is a Maryland corporation formed to reorganize the business of its predecessor, OMIF, into a publicly traded REIT. Beginning in 2009, OMIF experienced liquidity issues as its borrowers were unable to access credit sources to pay off its loans.  OMIF eventually foreclosed on a substantial portion of its loan portfolio, repositioning many of the properties for investment or eventual sale.  OMIF also experienced a significant increase in capital withdrawal requests that it was unable to honor due to insufficient cash, net of reserves, and restrictions under the terms of its bank line of credit. In addition, OMIF was restricted by provisions within the partnership agreement from making additional investments in loans while qualified redemption requests remained pending and unpaid. In addition to increasing investor liquidity through public listing of its stock, the Company was created to provide the opportunity for resuming mortgage lending activities, with the goal of increasing income to stockholders.

On May 20, 2013, OMIF merged with and into the Company with the Company as the surviving corporation, succeeding to and continuing the business and operations of OMIF. The Company now, by virtue of the Merger, directly or indirectly owns all of the assets and business formerly owned by OMIF. The Company is a deemed successor issuer to OMIF pursuant to Rule 12g-3(a) under the Exchange Act, and on July 1, 2013, the Company’s Common Stock was listed on the NYSE MKT exchange. For accounting purposes, the Merger has been treated as a transfer of assets and exchange of shares between entities under common control. The accounting basis used to initially record the assets and liabilities in the Company is the carryover basis of OMIF. OMIF was a California Limited Partnership registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) that was formed in 1983 for the purposes of funding and servicing short-term commercial real estate loans.
 
 
Our primary sources of revenue are interest income earned on our loan investment portfolio and revenues we generate from our operating real estate assets. We have resumed originating loans and, between May and December 2013, we originated $30.2 million of commercial real estate loans (including $11.9 million in carryback financing from the sales of real estate properties). We originated an additional $44.5 million in loans during 2014, including the rewrite of three loans in the aggregate amount of $3.5 million. While we believe the Company is well positioned to capitalize on lending opportunities as the economy continues to recover, there can be no assurances that we will be able to identify and make loans to suitable commercial real estate borrowers.

Our operating results are affected primarily by:

·  
the level of foreclosures and related loan and real estate losses experienced;
·  
the income or losses from foreclosed properties prior to the time of disposal;
·  
the amount of cash available to invest in loans;
·  
the amount of borrowing to finance loan investments and our cost of funds on such borrowing;
 
 
37

 
 
·  
the level of real estate lending activity in the markets serviced;
·  
the ability to identify and lend to suitable borrowers;
·  
the interest rates we are able to charge on loans; and
·  
the level of delinquencies on loans.

Over the past seven years, we have experienced increased delinquent loans and foreclosures which have created substantial losses. In addition, we now own significantly more real estate than in the past, which has reduced cash flow and net income. As of December 31, 2014, approximately 34% of our loans are impaired and/or past maturity, down from 56% as of December 31, 2013. As of December 31, 2014, we own approximately $163 million of real estate held for sale or investment, which is approximately 67% of total assets, an increase of $28 million or 13% of total assets as compared to December 31, 2013. During 2014, we foreclosed on three loans and obtained the four securing properties with estimated net fair market values totaling $9,572,000.  We sold two real estate properties and an easement during the year ended December 31, 2014 for aggregate net sales proceeds of $1,821,000 and gains totaling $292,000 We also recognized an additional $2,951,000 in deferred gain under the installment method due to full and partial repayments received on carryback loans from the sale of three real estate properties in late 2012 and 2013. We will continue to attempt to sell many of the remaining properties but may need to sell them for losses or wait until market values recover. In addition, under the REIT tax rules, we may be subject to a “prohibited transaction” penalty tax on tax gains from the sale of our properties in certain circumstances. In order to fit within a REIT “safe harbor” and avoid prohibited transaction tax, we expect to wait to sell any property that would result in tax gain until we have held such property for at least two years after the conversion (May 2015). In addition, we are also limited in the number and dollar amount of properties we can sell in a given year under the REIT tax rules.

Although currently management believes that only two of our delinquent loans will result in loss to the Company (and has caused the Company to record specific allowances for loan losses on such loans real estate values could decrease further. Management continues to perform frequent evaluations of collateral values for our loans using internal and external sources, including the use of updated independent appraisals.  As a result of these evaluations, the allowance for loan losses and our investments in real estate could increase or decrease in the near term, and such changes could be material.

Business Strategy

Our primary business objective is to provide our stockholders with attractive risk-adjusted returns by producing consistent and predictable dividends while maintaining a strong balance sheet. We believe we have positioned the Company for future growth and seek to increase funds from operations, or FFO, and distributions to stockholders through active portfolio management and execution of our business plan which is outlined below:

·  
Capitalize on market lending opportunity by leveraging existing origination network to expand our commercial real estate loan portfolio.
·  
Enhance and reposition our commercial real estate assets through the investment of capital and strategic management.
·  
Increase liquidity available for lending activities by focusing on opportunities to remove real estate assets from our balance sheet.
·  
Manage leverage to marginally expand sources of liquidity while maintaining a conservative balance sheet.

Current Market Conditions, Risks and Recent Trends

During 2013 and 2014, the global capital and credit markets continued to slowly recover from the economic downturn which began in 2007. Real estate markets also continued to recover, slowly on a national basis and more significantly in major metropolitan areas, and we expect this trend to continue through 2014 and beyond. Accordingly, as our real estate assets are carried at the lower of carrying value or fair value less costs to sell, it is possible that we have substantial imbedded gains in certain of our real estate properties held for sale and investment that are not reflected in our financial statements or in the value of our stock. However, despite these improvements, the overall market recovery remains uncertain. Should the economy regress, the commercial real estate sector may experience additional losses and operating challenges.

Critical Accounting Policies

In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is required to make estimates based on the information available that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the balance sheet dates and revenues and expenses for the reporting periods. Such estimates relate principally to the determination of (1) the allowance for loan losses including the accrued interest and advances that are estimated to be unrecoverable based on estimates of amounts to be collected plus estimates of the fair value of the property as collateral; (2) the valuation of real estate held for sale and investment (at acquisition and subsequently); and (3) the estimate of environmental remediation liabilities.  At December 31, 2014, we owned thirty-one real estate properties, including properties held within twelve majority- or wholly-owned limited liability companies and one within a wholly-owned corporation. The limited liability companies not wholly owned by us are held as follows: a 80.74% ownership interest in a limited liability company that owns property located in Miami, Florida (OFG holds the remaining ownership interests) and a 65% ownership interest in a limited liability company that owns property located in Greeley, Colorado (a third party holds the remaining ownership interests). We also have a 50% ownership interest in a limited liability company accounted for under the equity method that owns property located in Santa Clara, California (a third party holds the remaining ownership interest).
 
 
38

 

Loans are stated at the principal amount outstanding. Our portfolio consists primarily of real estate loans generally collateralized by first, second and third deeds of trust.  Interest income on loans is accrued by the simple interest method. Loans are generally placed on nonaccrual status when the borrowers are past due greater than ninety days or when full payment of principal and interest is not expected. When a loan is classified as nonaccrual, interest accruals discontinue and all past due interest remains accrued until the loan becomes current, is paid off or is foreclosed upon. Interest accruals are resumed on such loans only when they are brought fully current with respect to interest and principal and when, in the judgment of management, the loans are estimated to be fully collectible as to both principal and interest. Cash receipts on nonaccrual loans are used to reduce any outstanding accrued interest, and then are recorded as interest income, except when such payments are specifically designated as principal reduction or when management does not believe our investment in the loan is fully recoverable. We do not incur origination costs and do not earn or collect origination fees from borrowers as OFG it entitled to all such fees.

Loans and related accrued interest and advances are analyzed by management on a periodic basis for ultimate recovery. Delinquencies are identified and followed as part of the loan system. Provisions are made to adjust the allowance for loan losses to an amount considered by management to be adequate, with consideration to original collateral values at loan inception and to provide for unrecoverable accounts receivable, including impaired and other loans, accrued interest, and advances on loans.

Recent trends in the economy have been taken into consideration in the aforementioned process of arriving at the allowance for loan losses and real estate. Actual results could vary from the aforementioned provisions for losses. If the probable ultimate recovery of the carrying amount of a loan is less than amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement, the carrying amount of the loan is reduced to the present value of future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate. If a loan is collateral dependent, it is valued by management at the estimated fair value of the related collateral, less estimated selling costs. Estimated collateral fair values are determined based on third party appraisals, opinions of fair value from third party real estate brokers and/or comparable third party sales.

If events and/or changes in circumstances cause management to have serious doubts about the collectability of the contractual payments or when monthly payments are delinquent greater than ninety days, a loan is categorized as impaired and interest is no longer accrued. Any subsequent payments received on impaired loans are first applied to reduce any outstanding accrued interest, and then are recognized as interest income, except when such payments are specifically designated principal reduction or when management does not believe our investment in the loan is fully recoverable.

We lease multifamily rental units under operating leases with terms of generally one year or less. Rental revenue is recognized, net of rental concessions, on a straight-line method over the related lease term. Rental income on commercial property is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of each operating lease. Recognition of gains on the sale of real estate is dependent upon the transaction meeting certain criteria related to the nature of the property and the terms of the sale including potential seller financing.

Real estate held for sale includes real estate acquired in full or partial settlement of loan obligations, generally through foreclosure, that is being marketed for sale. Real estate held for sale is recorded at acquisition at the property’s estimated fair value, less estimated costs to sell.  After acquisition, real estate held for sale is analyzed periodically for changes in fair values.

Real estate held for investment includes real estate purchased or acquired in full or partial settlement of loan obligations, generally through foreclosure, that is not being marketed for sale and is either being operated, such as rental properties; is being managed through the development process, including obtaining appropriate and necessary entitlements and permits and construction; or are idle properties awaiting more favorable market conditions or properties we cannot sell without placing our REIT status at risk or become subject to prohibited transactions penalty tax. Real estate held for investment is recorded at acquisition at the property’s estimated fair value, less estimated costs to sell.  Depreciation of buildings and improvements is provided on the straight-line method over the estimated remaining useful lives of buildings and improvements.  Depreciation of tenant improvements is provided on the straight-line method over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the lease terms.  Costs related to the improvement of real estate held for sale and investment are capitalized, whereas those related to holding the property are expensed.
 
 
39

 

Management periodically compares the carrying value of real estate held for investment to expected undiscounted future cash flows for the purpose of assessing the recoverability of the recorded amounts. If the carrying value exceeds future undiscounted cash flows, the assets are reduced to estimated fair value.

Our environmental remediation liability related to a property located in Santa Clara, California was estimated based on a third party consultant’s estimate of the costs required to remediate and monitor the contamination.

Results of Operations

Net income attributable to our common stockholders decreased approximately $803,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the same period in 2013. The decrease was primarily a result of the 2013 reversal of the provision for loan losses in the amount of approximately $7,822,000 which primarily related to three delinquent loans securing the same property (the Chateau at Lake Tahoe project) that were foreclosed on by TSV during 2013 based on an appraisal obtained in June 2013, which reflected a significant increase in value from the previous appraisal and decreases in the general loan loss allowance during 2013. The reversal of the provision for loan losses during 2014 was approximately $1,870,000. This decrease was partially offset by the following:

·  
An increase in interest income on loans of $2,361,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared to 2013, due primarily to an increase in the average balance of performing loans in our portfolio and an increase in interest collected on impaired loans;
 
·  
An increase in operating income from real estate properties (excluding amounts from our investment in 1850) and a decrease in impairment losses on real estate totaling $1,771,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared to 2013, as a result of increased rental rates and/or occupancy on certain of our real estate properties held for investment, the sale of certain operating properties during 2013 which had operating losses during the year ended December 31, 2013 and impairment losses on real estate of $666,000 during 2013 compared to $179,000 during 2014; and
 
·  
A net increase in gain on sale of real estate (after the net effect of gain attributable to noncontrolling interests during 2013) of $2,473,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared to 2013, primarily as a result of deferred gains recognized in the total amount of $2,951,000 on three properties sold in 2012 or 2013 due to full or partial principal repayments received on the carry back loans during the year ended December 31, 2014.
 
 
40

 
Summary of Financial Results
 
   
Year Ended December 31,
 
   
2014
 
2013
 
               
Total revenues
 
$
18,285,005
 
$
15,361,712
 
Total expenses
   
15,123,983
   
14,642,841
 
Operating income
   
3,161,022
   
718,871
 
Gain on sale of real estate, net
   
3,243,359
   
2,942,861
 
Reversal of provision for loan losses
   
1,869,733
   
7,822,112
 
Losses on real estate properties
   
(179,040
)
 
(666,240
)
Net income
   
8,095,074
   
10,817,604
 
Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests
   
(165,445
)
 
(2,084,707
)
Net income attributable to common stockholders
 
$
7,929,629
 
$
8,732,897
 
Net income per common share (basic and diluted)
 
$
0.74
 
$
0.78
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
   
10,768,370
   
11,127,820
 
Dividends declared per share of Common Stock
 
$
0.27
 
$
0.25
 

2014 Compared to 2013

Total Revenues

Interest income on loans increased $2,361,000 (78.2% increase) to $5,382,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared to $3,021,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013. The increase was primarily due to an increase in the average balance of performing loans of approximately 29% and an increase in interest income collected on delinquent/impaired loans of approximately $1,470,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared to 2013.

Rental and other income from real estate properties increased $1,045,000 (9.31% increase) to $12,268,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared to $11,223,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013, primarily due to increased rental rates and/or occupancy on certain of our properties during the latter part of 2013 and 2014 and increased income from properties obtained via foreclosure in 2013 and 2014, net of reduced revenue as a result of the sale of three operating properties during 2013.

Total Expenses

Management fees amounted to approximately $1,727,000 and $1,664,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Servicing fees amounted to approximately $157,000 and $152,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The maximum servicing fees were paid to the Manager during years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013. The maximum management fees were paid to the Manager during the year ended December 31, 2014. If the maximum management fees had been paid to the Manager during the year ended December 31, 2013, the management fees would have been $1,668,000 (increase of $4,000), which would have decreased net income by approximately 0.05%.
 
The maximum management fee permitted under the Company’s charter is 2.75% per year of the average unpaid balance of loans. For the years 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011 and 2010, the management fees were 2.75%, 2.74%, 2.67%, 2.19% and 1.00% of the average unpaid balance of loans, respectively. Although management fees as a percentage of loans have increased substantially between 2010 and 2014, the total dollar amount of management fees paid to the Manager has decreased because the weighted balance of the loan portfolio has decreased by approximately 57% between 2010 and 2014.
 
In determining whether to take the maximum management fees permitted, the Manager may consider a number of factors, including current market yields, delinquency experience, un-invested cash and real estate activities. The Manager expects that the management fees it receives from us will vary in amount and percentage from period to period. However, due to reduced levels of loans held by us during 2014, the Manager chose to take the maximum compensation that it is able to take pursuant to the charter and will likely continue to take the maximum compensation for the foreseeable future.

 
41

 
Depreciation and amortization expense decreased $230,000 (9.3% decrease) during the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared to 2013, primarily due to recording catch-up depreciation on the property held within TOTB Miami, LLC in June 2013 when the property was transferred from “Held for sale” to “Held for investment” resulting in a decrease in depreciation of $299,000 during 2014 and a decrease in depreciation of $102,000 on the property within 720 University as depreciation was discontinued during the fourth quarter of 2014 when the property was transferred to “Held for sale”. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in depreciation recorded of approximately $178,000 as a result of two new properties obtained via foreclosure during 2014 and depreciation commencing on the retail property held within TSV during the fourth quarter of 2014.

Interest expense increased $648,000 (126.2% increase) during the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to 2013, due to interest incurred on our new lines of credit, one new loan payable within TOTB and one new loan payable within TSV and the amortization of deferred financing costs on the lines of credit and new loans payable to interest expense during the year ended December 31, 2014.

The reversal of the provision for loan losses of $1,870,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 was the result of an analysis performed on the loan portfolio. The general loan loss allowance decreased  $634,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 primarily due to an increase in performing commercial loans during 2014 and due to refinements in the loss and delinquency factors applied by management to performing loans reflecting the positive trends in the economy from increasing property values over the year. The specific loan loss allowance decreased $1,236,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014, primarily because a new appraisal obtained on a $7,535,000 impaired loan reflected an increase in the value of the underlying collateral during 2014, thus, resulting in a decrease in the specific allowance on this loan of $1,248,000.

The reversal of the provision for loan losses of $7,822,000 during the year ended December 31, 2013 was the result of analyses performed on the loan portfolio throughout the year. The general loan loss allowance decreased $690,000 during 2013 due to a decrease in the historical loss rate utilized during the second quarter of 2013 and a decrease in the balance of non-delinquent loans during the year. The loss rate applied to non-delinquent loans was lowered as a supplemental loss factor utilized over the past five years for the concentration of loans was no longer applicable given our current loan portfolio and favorable economic and market conditions. The specific loan loss allowance decreased $7,132,000 (net) during the year ended December 31, 2013, as reserves were adjusted on five impaired loans, the largest of which was adjusted during the second quarter of 2013 due to a new appraisal obtained near the time of foreclosure.

The impairment losses on real estate properties of $179,000 and $666,000, respectively, during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 were the result of updated appraisals or other valuation information obtained on certain of our real estate properties during those years.

Gain on Sales of Real Estate

Gain on sales of real estate (excluding gain attributable to a noncontrolling interest in 2013) increased $2,473,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared 2013. The increase during the year ended December 31, 2014 was a result of the recording of deferred gains under the installment method in the total amount of $2,951,000 related to the sale of the condominiums located in Santa Barbara, California in 2012 (and held within Anacapa Villas, LLC), the condominiums located in Oakland, California in 2013 (and held within 1401 on Jackson, LLC) and the parcel of land located in Lake Charles, Louisiana in 2013 (and held within Dation, LLC) due to full or partial principal repayments received on the carry back loans during 2014. During 2014, we also sold one of the improved, residential lots located in West Sacramento, California for $175,000, resulting in a gain of approximately $105,000 and the undeveloped, commercial land located in Half Moon Bay, California for $1,700,000, resulting in a gain of $178,000.  During the year ended December 31 2013, we sold five real estate properties and recognized gains of $2,943,000. The gain from the sale of one of these properties was offset by net income attributable to a noncontrolling interest of approximately $2,174,000, as the gain on sale of the property held within 1875 was all attributable to the noncontrolling interest.
 
 
42

 

Net Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interests

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests decreased $1,919,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014, as compared to 2013, due primarily to the sale of the land owned by 1875 W. Mission Blvd., LLC during 2013 resulting in gain on sale of approximately $2,174,000. As we only received our basis in 1875 of $5,078,000 upon sale, the full gain was attributable to the non-controlling interest. Non-controlling interest income from TOTB increased approximately $182,000 during 2014, as compared to 2013, due to increased net income in TOTB in 2014 of $947,000 (OFG’s portion is 19.26%).

Financial Condition

December 31, 2014 and 2013

Loan Portfolio

Our portfolio of loan investments increased from 22 as of December 31, 2013 to 34 as of December 31, 2014, and the average loan balance decreased from $2,673,000 to $2,001,000 between December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, we had six and ten impaired loans, respectively, totaling approximately $22,316,000 (32.8%) and $31,738,000 (54.0%), respectively. This included two and five matured loans totaling $8,614,000 and $16,908,000, respectively. In addition, one and three loan(s) totaling approximately $862,000 (1.3%) and $1,290,000 (2.2%), respectively, were past maturity but less than ninety days delinquent in monthly payments as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 (combined total of $23,178,000 (34.1%) and $33,028,000 (56.2%), respectively, that are past maturity and impaired). Of the impaired and past maturity loans, approximately $0 (0%) and $6,981,000 (11.9%), respectively, were in the process of foreclosure and none involved loans to borrowers who were in bankruptcy.  We foreclosed on three and six loans during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, with aggregate principal balances totaling approximately $7,671,000 and $26,187,000, respectively, and obtained the properties via the trustee’s sales.

Of the $31,738,000 in loans that were impaired as of December 31, 2013, $22,316,000 remained impaired as of December 31, 2014, $6,981,000 of such loans were foreclosed and became real estate owned by the Company during 2014, and $2,441,000 of such loans were paid off by the borrowers.

As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, approximately $67,780,000 (99.6%) and $58,527,000 (99.5%) of our loans are interest-only and/or require the borrower to make a “balloon payment” on the principal amount upon maturity of the loan. To the extent that a borrower has an obligation to pay loan principal in a large lump sum payment, its ability to satisfy this obligation may be dependent upon its ability to sell the property, obtain suitable refinancing or otherwise raise a substantial cash amount. As a result, these loans involve a higher risk of default than fully amortizing loans. Borrowers occasionally are not able to pay the full amount due at the maturity date.  We may allow these borrowers to continue making the regularly scheduled monthly payments for certain periods of time to assist the borrower in meeting the balloon payment obligation without formally filing a notice of default.  These loans for which the principal and any accrued interest is due and payable, but the borrower has failed to make such payment of principal and/or accrued interest are referred to as “past maturity loans”. As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, we had three and eight past maturity loans totaling approximately $9,476,000 and $18,198,000, respectively.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2014, the terms of one impaired loan were modified as a troubled debt restructuring. The loan was rewritten as the borrower had paid the principal balance down partially from sale proceeds. The maturity date was extended by six months to April 2015. All other terms of the loan remained the same. Management believes that no specific loan loss allowance is needed on this modified loan given the estimated underlying collateral value.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, the terms of two impaired loans were modified as troubled debt restructurings. One such impaired loan was modified to combine all principal, delinquent interest and advances into principal and provide for amortizing payments at a reduced interest rate over an extended maturity of 15 years. The borrower is now delinquent in making payments on this modified loan. The other impaired loan was rewritten by the Company during the year whereby we repaid the first deed of trust on the subject property of approximately $5,899,000 and refinanced its second deed of trust by combining them into one first deed of trust in the amount of $9,625,000 with interest at
 
 
43

 
10% per annum due in five years. As part of the modification, approximately $659,000 of past due interest on our original note was paid from the proceeds of the rewritten loan, which was recorded as a discount against the principal balance of the new loan because the loan was impaired (net principal balance of $8,966,000). In addition, we loaned the borrower an additional $2,500,000 to fund certain improvements to the property (aggregate principal balance of $11,466,000). Management believes that no specific loan loss allowance is needed on either of these modified loans given the estimated underlying collateral values.

As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, we held the following types of loan investments:
   
December 31,
2014
   
December 31,
2013
 
By Property Type:
           
Commercial
 
$
52,531,537
   
$
26,158,878
 
Residential
   
13,491,906
     
27,461,913
 
Land
   
2,010,068
     
5,175,502
 
   
$
68,033,511
   
$
58,796,293
 
By Position:
               
Senior loans
 
$
65,533,511
   
$
52,876,293
 
Junior loans*
   
2,500,000
     
5,920,000
 
   
$
68,033,511
   
$
58,796,293
 
* The junior loans in our portfolio at December 31, 2014 and 2013 are junior to existing senior loans held by us and are secured by the same collateral.

The types of property securing our commercial real estate loans are as follows as of December 31, 2014 and 2013:

   
December 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
 
Commercial Real Estate Loans:
             
Retail
 
$
7,591,592
 
$
4,140,000
 
Assisted care
   
   
4,021,946
 
Office
   
25,742,246
   
15,484,932
 
Apartment
   
9,622,580
   
 
Industrial
   
3,080,000
   
1,245,000
 
Marina
   
3,200,000
   
 
Church
   
1,175,000
   
 
Restaurant
   
1,058,567
   
 
Golf course
   
1,061,552
   
1,267,000
 
   
$
52,531,537
 
$
26,158,878
 

Scheduled maturities of loan investments as of December 31, 2014 and the interest rate sensitivity of such loans are as follows:
   
Fixed
Interest
Rate
   
Variable
Interest
Rate
   
Total
 
Year ending December 31:
                       
2014 (past maturity)
 
$
8,613,752
   
$
862,329
   
$
9,476,081
 
2015
   
7,521,620
     
     
7,521,620
 
2016
   
28,192,388
     
3,453,000
     
31,645,388
 
2017
   
7,548,492
     
     
7,548,492
 
2018
   
11,588,183
     
     
11,588,183
 
2019
   
     
     
 
Thereafter (through 2028)
   
253,747
     
     
253,747
 
   
$
63,718,182
   
$
4,315,329
   
$
68,033,511
 

Variable rate loans may use as indices the one-year, five-year and 10-year Treasury Constant Maturity Index (0.25%, 1.65% and 2.17%, respectively, as of December 31, 2014), the prime rate (3.25% as of December 31, 2014) or the weighted average cost of funds index for Eleventh District savings institutions (0.69% as of December 31, 2014) or include terms whereby the interest rate is increased at a later date. Premiums over these indices have varied from 2.0% to 6.5% depending upon market conditions at the time the loan is made.
 
 
44

 
The following is a schedule by geographic location of loan investments as of December 31, 2014 and 2013:

   
December 31, 2014
Balance
 
Portfolio
Percentage
 
December 31, 2013
Balance
 
Portfolio
Percentage
 
Arizona
 
$
8,788,098
 
12.92%
 
$
7,535,000
 
12.81%
 
California
   
54,685,345
 
80.38%
   
39,862,058
 
67.80%
 
Hawaii
   
1,450,000
 
2.13%
   
1,450,000
 
2.47%
 
Louisiana
   
 
0.00%
   
1,520,000
 
2.58%
 
Oregon
   
1,250,000
 
1.84%
   
 
0.00%
 
Pennsylvania
   
 
0.00%
   
4,021,946
 
6.84%
 
Utah
   
 
0.00%
   
2,391,286
 
4.07%
 
Washington
   
1,860,068
 
2.73%
   
2,016,003
 
3.43%
 
   
$
68,033,511
 
100.00%
 
$
58,796,293
 
100.00%
 

As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, our loans secured by real property collateral located in Northern California totaled approximately 78% ($53,073,000) and 55% ($32,362,000), respectively, of the loan portfolio. The Northern California region (which includes Monterey, Fresno, Kings, Tulare and Inyo counties and all counties north) is a large geographic area which has a diversified economic base. The ability of borrowers to repay loans is influenced by the economic strength of the region and the impact of prevailing market conditions on the value of real estate.

Our investment in loans increased by $9,237,000 (15.7%) during the year ended December 31, 2014 as a result of new loan originations during the year, net of loan payoffs and foreclosures.

The allowance for loan losses decreased by approximately $1,870,000 and $19,679,000 (reversal of provision and charge-offs) during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectiely.  The Manager believes that the allowance for loan losses is sufficient given the estimated underlying collateral values of impaired loans. There is no precise method used by the Manager to predict delinquency rates or losses on specific loans.  The Manager has considered the number and amount of delinquent loans, loans subject to workout agreements and loans in bankruptcy in determining allowances for loan losses, but there can be no absolute assurance that the allowance is sufficient.  Because any decision regarding the allowance for loan losses reflects judgment about the probability of future events, there is an inherent risk that such judgments will prove incorrect.  In such event, actual losses may exceed (or be less than) the amount of any reserve.  To the extent that we experience losses greater than the amount of its reserves, we may incur a charge to earnings that will adversely affect operating results and the amount of any dividends paid.

Changes in the allowance for loan losses for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 were as follows:
   
2014
 
2013
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
4,739,088
 
$
24,417,897
 
Reversal of loan losses
   
(1,869,733
)
 
(7,822,112
)
Charge-offs
   
   
(11,856,697
)
Balance, end of period
 
$
2,869,355
 
$
4,739,088
 

As of December 31, 2014 and 2013, there was a general allowance for loan losses of $480,000 and $1,114,000, respectively, and a specific allowance for loan losses on two loans in the total amount of $2,389,355 and $3,625,088, respectively.
 
 
45

 

Real Estate Properties Held for Sale and Investment

As of December 31, 2014, we held title to thirty-one properties that were acquired through foreclosure, with a total carrying amount of approximately $163,017,000 (including properties held in twelve limited liability companies and one corporation), net of accumulated depreciation of $6,075,000. As of December 31, 2014, properties held for sale total $59,494,000 and properties held for investment total $103,523,000. We foreclosed on three and six loans during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, with aggregate principal balances totaling $7,671,000 and $26,187,000, respectively, and obtained the underlying properties via the trustee’s sales (see below). When we acquire property by foreclosure, we typically earn less income on those properties than could be earned on loans and we may not be able to sell the properties in a timely manner.

Real estate properties held for sale as of December 31, 2014 and 2013 consists of the following properties acquired through foreclosure:

   
2014
 
2013
Retail complex, Greeley, Colorado (held within 720 University, LLC) – transferred from held for investment in 2014
 
$
11,547,472
 
$
Undeveloped, industrial land, San Jose, California – transferred to held for investment in 2014
   
   
1,958,400
Undeveloped, commercial land, Half Moon Bay, California – sold in 2014
   
   
1,468,800
Medical office condominium complex, Gilbert, Arizona (held within AMFU, LLC) – transferred from held for investment in 2014
   
4,716,159
   
Commercial buildings, Sacramento, California – transferred from held for investment in 2014
   
3,890,968
   
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Gypsum, Colorado – transferred from held for investment in 2014
   
5,813,434
   
Commercial and residential land under development, South Lake Tahoe, California (held within Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC) – transferred from held for investment in 2014
   
30,449,896
   
Marina with 30 boat slips and 11 RV spaces, Oakley, California (held within The Last Resort and Marina, LLC) – transferred to held for investment in 2014
   
   
408,000
Golf course, Auburn, California (held within Lone Star Golf, Inc.)
   
2,020,410
   
1,961,284
1/7th interest in single family home, Lincoln City, Oregon – transferred to held for investment in 2014
   
   
93,647
Retail buildings, San Jose, California – obtained via foreclosure in 2014
   
1,056,000
   
   
$
59,494,339
 
$
5,890,131


 
46

 
 
Real estate held for investment is comprised of the following properties as of December 31, 2014 and 2013:

   
2014
 
2013
 
Light industrial building, Paso Robles, California
 
$
1,459,063
 
$
1,489,120
 
Commercial buildings, Roseville, California
   
731,905
   
767,077
 
Retail complex, Greeley, Colorado (held within 720 University, LLC) – transferred to held for sale in 2014
   
   
11,697,485
 
Undeveloped, residential land, Madera County, California
   
726,580
   
726,580
 
Undeveloped, residential land, Marysville, California
   
403,200
   
403,200
 
Undeveloped land, Auburn, California (formerly part of golf course owned by DarkHorse Golf Club, LLC)
   
103,198
   
103,198
 
75 improved, residential lots, Auburn, California (held within Baldwin Ranch Subdivision, LLC)
   
3,878,544
   
3,878,544
 
Undeveloped, industrial land, San Jose, California – transferred from held for sale in 2014
   
1,958,400
   
 
Storage facility/business, Stockton, California
   
3,847,884
   
3,943,780
 
One and two improved residential lots, West Sacramento, California – one lot sold in 2014
   
58,560
   
117,120
 
Undeveloped, residential land, Coolidge, Arizona
   
1,017,600
   
1,017,600
 
Marina with 30 boat slips and 11 RV spaces, Oakley, California (held within The Last Resort and Marina, LLC) – transferred from held for sale in 2014
   
236,500
   
 
Office condominium complex (15 units), Roseville, California
   
3,684,203
   
3,810,020
 
Industrial building, Sunnyvale, California (held within Wolfe Central, LLC)
   
3,027,734
   
3,116,791
 
133 condominium units, Phoenix, Arizona (held within 54th Street Condos, LLC)
   
6,933,229
   
7,097,056
 
Medical office condominium complex, Gilbert, Arizona (held within AMFU, LLC) – transferred to held for sale in 2014
   
   
4,771,234
 
61 condominium units, Lakewood, Washington (held within Phillips Road, LLC)
   
4,364,743
   
4,509,828
 
Commercial buildings, Sacramento, California – transferred to held for sale in 2014
   
   
3,890,968
 
169 condominium units and 160 unit unoccupied apartment building under renovation, Miami, Florida (held within TOTB Miami, LLC)
   
34,353,958
   
33,017,315
 
1/7th interest in single family home, Lincoln City, Oregon – transferred from held for sale in 2014
   
93,647
   
 
12 condominium and 3 commercial units, Tacoma, Washington (held within Broadway & Commerce, LLC)
   
2,408,681
   
2,413,170
 
6 improved residential lots, Coeur D’Alene, Idaho
   
316,800
   
316,800
 
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Gypsum, Colorado – transferred to held for sale in 2014
   
   
5,814,418
 
Retail Complex, South Lake Tahoe, California (held within Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC) (1)
   
23,211,896
   
34,495,674
 
Marina and yacht club with 179 boat slips, Isleton, California (held within Brannan Island, LLC)
   
2,220,448
   
2,028,855
 
Unimproved, residential and commercial land, Bethel Island, California (held within Sandmound Marina, LLC)
   
2,334,773
   
 
Marina with 52 boat slips and campground, Bethel Island, California (held within Sandmound Marina, LLC)
   
1,145,919
   
 
Assisted living facility, Bensalem, Pennsylvania – obtained via foreclosure in 2014
   
5,005,000
   
 
   
$
103,522,466
 
$
129,425,833
 
(1) As of December 31, 2013, balance includes all TSV land under development.
             


 
47

 
 
Changes in real estate held for sale and investment during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 were as follows:

   
2014
 
2013
 
Balance, beginning of period
 
$
135,315,964
 
$
127,773,349
 
Real estate acquired through foreclosure
   
9,572,406
   
19,602,478
 
Investments in real estate properties
   
21,987,250
   
9,017,330
 
Sales of real estate properties
   
(1,529,227
)
 
(18,023,870
)
Impairment losses on real estate properties
   
(179,040
)
 
(666,240
)
Depreciation of properties held for investment
   
(2,150,548
)
 
(2,387,086
)
Balance, end of period
 
$
163,016,805
 
$
135,315,964
 

Fourteen of our thirty-one properties do not currently generate revenue. Expenses from real estate properties (not including depreciation) have decreased from approximately $8,170,000 to $8,161,000 (0.1%) for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2014, respectively, and revenues associated with these properties have increased from $11,223,000 to $12,268,000 (9.3%), thus generating net income from real estate properties of $4,107,000 during the year ended December 31, 2014 (compared to net income of $3,053,000 during 2013).

For purposes of assessing potential impairment of value during 2014 and 2013, we obtained updated appraisals or other valuation support on several of our real estate properties held for sale and investment, which resulted in additional impairment losses on one and two properties, respectively, in the aggregate amount of approximately $179,000 and $666,000, respectively, recorded in the consolidated statements of operations.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, gains totaling approximately $2,951,000 were recognized that had previously been deferred related to the sales of real estate properties in 2012 and 2013. The gains on the sales of the properties are being recognized under the installment method.

2014 Sales Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2014, we sold one of the improved, residential lots located in West Sacramento, California for net sales proceeds of approximately $164,000, resulting in a gain of approximately $105,000.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, we sold the parcel of unimproved land located in Half Moon Bay, California for net sales proceeds of approximately $1,647,000, resulting in a gain of approximately $178,000.

2013 Sales Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2013, we sold the 45 residential and 2 commercial units located in Oakland, California and held within 1401 on Jackson, LLC via a land sales contract for $11,000,000 ($1,000,000 down with interest only payments of 4.5% interest due monthly with all remaining principal and interest due in one year), resulting in a gain to the Company of approximately $207,000 and deferred gain of approximately $2,073,000. During the fourth quarter of 2013, the land sale contract was converted to a deed of trust and the borrower paid down the principal balance by $1,554,000, which resulted in the recognition of additional gain of $233,000 (net of additional closing costs of $89,000).

During the year ended December 31, 2013, we sold the retail complex located in Hilo, Hawaii for $1,950,000 with a $250,000 cash down payment and a $1,700,000 carryback note due in three years with monthly payments of interest only at a starting rate of 5% per annum. The note called for principal pay downs of $125,000 each within 30 and 60 days of issuance of the title policy on the property, both of which were paid by the borrower during 2013. The sale resulted in a gain to the Company of approximately $36,000 and deferred gain of approximately $246,000. An additional gain on sale of approximately $36,000 was recorded during 2013 as a result of the principal pay downs.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, we sold ten lots (one including a manufactured home) in the manufactured home subdivision development located in Ione, California for aggregate net sales proceeds of approximately $106,000 resulting in an aggregate net gain to the Company of approximately $28,000.

 
48

 
During the year ended December 31, 2013, we sold the remaining parcel of land held within Dation, LLC for $300,000 with a $100,000 down payment and a $200,000 carryback note with interest only payments at 6% per annum due in one year. The sale resulted in a gain to the Company of approximately $13,000 and deferred gain of approximately $25,000.

1875 West Mission Blvd., LLC (“1875”) is a California limited liability company formed for the purpose of owning 22.41 acres of industrial land located in Pomona, California which was acquired by the Company and PNL (who were co-lenders in the subject loan) via foreclosure in August 2011. Pursuant to the Operating Agreement, we have a 60% membership interest in 1875 and are entitled to collect approximately $5,078,000 upon the sale of the property after PNL collects any unreimbursed LLC expenses it has paid and $1,019,000 in its default interest at the time of foreclosure. The land was sold during the year ended December 31, 2013 for net sales proceeds of approximately $9,489,000 resulting in gain on sale of $2,174,000. As we received our basis in 1875 of $5,078,000 upon sale, after noncontrolling interest expense to PNL, there was no net income or loss to the Company.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, we sold one unit in the office condominium complex located in Roseville, California that is held for investment for net sales proceeds of approximately $409,000 resulting in a net gain to the Company of approximately $216,000.

2014 Foreclosure Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2014, Sandmound Marina, LLC (“Sandmound”) (wholly owned by the Company) foreclosed on a first mortgage loan secured by unimproved land and a marina and campground located in Bethel Island, California with a principal balance of approximately $2,960,000 and obtained the properties via the trustee’s sale. In addition, advances made on the loan or incurred as part of the foreclosure in the total amount of approximately $282,000 were capitalized to the basis of the properties. The fair market values of the properties acquired were estimated to be higher than Sandmound’s recorded investment in the subject loan, and, thus, a gain on foreclosure in the amount of approximately $257,000 was recorded. The properties have been classified as held for investment as sales are not expected within one year.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company foreclosed on a first mortgage loan secured by two adjacent, vacant buildings located in San Jose, California with a principal balance of approximately $690,000 and obtained the properties via the trustee’s sale. In addition, accrued interest and advances made on the loan or incurred as part of the foreclosure in the total amount of approximately $158,000 were capitalized to the basis of the properties. The fair market values of the properties acquired were estimated to be higher than the Company’s recorded investment in the subject loan, and, thus, a gain on foreclosure in the amount of approximately $208,000 was recorded. The properties have been classified as held for sale as a sale is expected to occur within one year.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company foreclosed on a second mortgage loan secured by an assisted living facility located in Bensalem, Pennsylvania with a principal balance of approximately $3,420,000 and obtained the property via the trustee’s sale. In addition, advances made on the loan or incurred as part of the foreclosure in the total amount of approximately $519,000 were capitalized to the basis of the property. In 2012, the Company had purchased the first mortgage loan on this property which it became subject to at the time of foreclosure. Thus, the Company’s investment in this loan of approximately $1,079,000 was added to the basis of the property. The fair market value of the property acquired was estimated to approximate the Company’s recorded investments in the subject loans. The properties have been classified as held for investment as a sale is not expected within one year.

2013 Foreclosure Activity

During the year ended December 31, 2013, Brannan Island, LLC (wholly owned by the Company) foreclosed on two loans secured by a marina with 179 boat slips located in Isleton, California with an aggregate principal balance of $1,863,000 and obtained the property via the trustee’s sale.In addition, advances made on the loans or incurred as part of the foreclosures (such as legal fees and delinquent property taxes) in the total amount of approximately $140,000 were capitalized to the basis of the property. The amount capitalized at the time of foreclosure approximated the net fair market value of the property.  

During the year ended December 31, 2013, Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC (“TSV”) (wholly owned by the Company) foreclosed on a loan secured by two undeveloped parcels of land located in South Lake Tahoe, California that was purchased at a discount during the same period with a principal balance of approximately $1,401,000 and obtained the property via the trustee’s sale. In addition, advances made on the loan or incurred as part of the foreclosure (including delinquent property taxes) in the total amount of approximately $335,000 were capitalized to the basis of the property. The fair market value of the land acquired was estimated to be higher than TSV’s basis in the subject loan, and, thus, a gain on foreclosure in the amount of approximately $952,000 was recorded. See below under “Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC”.

 
49

 
During the year ended December 31, 2013, TSV also foreclosed on three loans secured by first, second and third deeds of trust secured by ten undeveloped parcels of land located in South Lake Tahoe, California with principal balances totaling approximately $22,923,000 (total investment of $25,109,000 including advances made on the loans) and obtained the property via the trustee’s sale. Based on an appraisal dated June 30, 2013, it was determined that the fair value of the property was higher than our total investment in the loans (including a previously established loan loss allowance of $18,333,000), and a reversal to the provision for loan losses of approximately $6,476,000 was recorded at the time of foreclosure (for a net charge-off of $11,857,000). See below under “Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC”.

Majority and Wholly-Owned Limited Liability Companies

720 University, LLC

We have an investment in a limited liability company, 720 University, LLC (720 University), which owns a commercial retail property located in Greeley, Colorado. We receive 65% of the profits and losses in 720 University after priority return on partner contributions is allocated at the rate of 10% per annum. The assets, liabilities, income and expenses of 720 University have been consolidated into the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and statements of operations of the Company.
 
The net income to the Company from 720 University was approximately $355,000 and $203,000 during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The non-controlling interest of the joint venture partner of approximately $5,000 and $(15,000) as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, is reported in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The book value of 720 University’s real property was approximately $11,547,000 and $11,697,000 as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The Company had a note payable with a bank with a principal balance of $9,741,463 and $9,917,585 of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, through its investment in 720 University, which note was secured by the commercial retail property. The note required monthly interest and principal payments until the maturity date of March 1, 2015. The interest rate on the loan was fixed at 5.07% per annum.

In November 2014, 720 University entered into a Real Estate Sale Agreement pursuant to which 720 University agreed to sell the property for $21,000,000 (subsequently reduced to $20,750,000). The buyer deposited $500,000 upon execution and deposited an additional $500,000 once the due diligence period expired in January 2015 and these deposits are non-refundable. On January 30, 2015, an initial closing was held for the purpose of refinancing the 720 University note payable, and the buyer extended a new loan to 720 University to repay the existing note payable to the bank. The principal amount of the new loan is $9,771,263 and will accrue interest at 6.0% per annum until paid off upon the closing of the sale of the property to the buyer which is expected to occur on or about May 28, 2015. The closing of the sale of the property is subject to typical conditions and there can be no assurance that the closing will occur.
 
TOTB Miami, LLC

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company and two co-lenders (which included OFG and PRC Treasures, LLC, or PRC) foreclosed on a participated, first mortgage loan secured by a condominium complex located in Miami, Florida with a principal balance to the Company of approximately $26,257,000 and obtained an undivided interest in the properties via the trustee’s sale. The Company and the other lenders formed a Florida limited liability company, TOTB Miami, LLC (“TOTB”), to own and operate the complex. The complex consists of three buildings, two of which have been renovated and are being leased, and in which 169 units remain unsold and one which has been contributed to a wholly-owned subsidiary of TOTB, TOTB North, and contains 160 vacant units that are currently being renovated. Based on an appraisal, it was determined that the fair value of the property was lower than our total investment in the loan (including a previously established loan loss allowance of $10,188,000) and an additional charge to provision for loan losses of approximately $450,000 was recorded at the time of foreclosure during the first quarter of 2011 (total charge-off of $10,638,000).
 
In March 2012, we made a priority capital contribution to TOTB in the amount of $7,200,000. TOTB then purchased PRC’s member interest in TOTB for $7,200,000. Thus, the remaining members in TOTB are now the Company and OFG.  On the same date, the Company and OFG executed an amendment to the TOTB operating agreement to set the percentage of capital held by each at 80.74% for the Company and 19.26% for OFG based on the dollar amount of capital invested in TOTB (excluding the Preferred Class A Units discussed below). Income and loss allocations have been made based on these percentages after a 15% preferred return to the Company based on its $2,583,000 contribution to
TOTB in 2011 (represented by its Preferred Class A Units). The change in capital as a result of the PRC buyout and the amended agreement resulted in an increase to our capital of approximately $2,760,000. The preferred capital of $2,583,000 was returned to the Company as of December 31, 2013 with excess cash held by TOTB and capital contributions of approximately $1,520,000 and $363,000 made by the Company and OFG, respectively.

 
 
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During the year ended December 31, 2014, TOTB contributed the vacant and unimproved 160 unit apartment building to a new wholly-owned entity, TOTB North. TOTB North then entered into a construction loan agreement which will provide up to $21,304,000 for the purpose of renovating and improving the apartment building. As of December 31, 2014, approximately $1,008,000 had been drawn from the a new construction loan to fund debt issuance costs and pre-construction costs to date. In addition, TOTB North has entered into various contracts for the design, engineering, first phase demolition and concrete remediation and second phase construction for the renovation project in the aggregate amount of approximately $21,786,000 of which approximately $1,557,000 had been incurred as of December 31, 2014. In addition, another $580,000 in renovation-related costs, interest, property taxes, and amortization of deferred financing costs have been capitalized (total of $2,137,000) as of December 31, 2014. During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company and OFG contributed approximately $453,000 and $108,000, respectively, to TOTB to fund the initial $1,000,000 deposit required pursuant to the construction loan agreement.

During 2014, TOTB entered into a new loan agreement whereby it borrowed $13,000,000 secured by the 169 renovated and leased condominium units. The outstanding balance as of December 31, 2014 was approximately $12,975,000. The loan bears interest at the floating daily three month LIBOR rate of interest plus 4.0% per annum, but in no event will the rate be lower than 4.25%. The interest rate as of December 31, 2014 was 4.26%. Principal and interest is payable monthly with principal amortizing over 300 months. The initial maturity date is November 16, 2017 which may be extended for two additional one year periods if all conditions in the loan agreement are met. The net cash proceeds from the new loan were distributed to the members of TOTB ($10,256,000 to ORM and $2,446,000 to OFG).

The noncontrolling interests of OFG totaled approximately $4,170,000 and $6,372,000 as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The net income to the Company from TOTB was approximately $573,000 and $201,000 during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 Tahoe Stateline Venture, LLC

We made a series of loans with aggregate principal balances totaling approximately $24,203,000 originally secured by first, second and third deeds of trust on 29 parcels of land with entitlements for a 502,267 square foot resort development located in South Lake Tahoe, California known as Chateau at Lake Tahoe (the “Project”). Through multiple foreclosures, 16 of the parcels within the Project were acquired by lenders who held senior positions to the Company. In December 2012, we acquired seven of those parcels, that were contiguous to parcels securing our loans, from the foreclosing lenders, for approximately $6,700,000,. The parcel purchases were made through TSV. The sellers of the parcels provided financing for the balance of the purchase prices which totaled $3,300,000 at 5% interest with interest only, semi-annual payments and principal due in December 2016. One of these loans with a principal balance of $400,000 was repaid in full in December 2014. While these parcels were originally part of the security for our loans, management had chosen not to advance the funds to acquire the parcels at the foreclosure sales in 2010 and 2011 due to the uncertainty surrounding the Project.

In addition to the seven parcels purchased in 2012, in February 2013, TSV acquired the senior note for $1,400,000 secured by two adjacent parcels on which it held junior loans. In March 2013, TSV acquired these two parcels via a trustee sale.

In February 2013, our beneficial interest in the delinquent loans discussed above was transferred to TSV. In May 2013, TSV foreclosed on all of the remaining deeds of trust secured by ten parcels (not including one parcel where it held a third deed of trust - see below) and gained ownership of the related land.

In July 2013, TSV advanced $660,000 to obtain a release of a second deed of trust that was senior to TSV’s loan on a single parcel of land located on South Lake Tahoe Blvd. and adjacent to the parcels TSV acquired in the May 2013 foreclosure. In July 2013, TSV foreclosed on this parcel, subject to the existing first loan with a principal balance of $1,000,000 plus accrued interest. In October 2013, the holders of this security agreed to restructure the note by waving the accrued interest in exchange for a $300,000 principal pay down. The restructured note (now with a principal balance of $500,000 after another $200,000 repayment made during 2014) is due on August 1, 2017 and requires interest only payments on a quarterly basis at an interest rate of 5%. The holders on this note also agreed to release from their security another parcel of land that TSV had acquired in the May 2013 foreclosure.

 
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After the final trustee sale, TSV owned all of the parcels necessary to complete the first retail phase of the Project and began construction in the summer of 2013. In April 2014, TSV finalized the purchase of nine additional parcels of land (and certain related assets) that constitute the balance of parcels in the second phase of the Project and that border the other parcels owned by TSV for $6,000,000 in cash.  As a result of the purchase, TSV now owns 24 parcels encompassing the entire Project (after combining six parcels into one for the retail development and purchase of nine parcels in 2014).

TSV completed the construction of the first phase of the Project consisting of 30,255 square feet of retail space (of which 22,909 is currently leasable) during the fourth quarter of 2014 and the property is currently approximately 75% leased. The first phase retail building with a book value of approximately $23,212,000 as of December 31, 2014 remains as Held for Investment, and the second phase property (commercial and residential land under development), with a book value of approximately $30,450,000, has been transferred to Held for Sale as the property is listed and a sale is expected within one year.

1875 West Mission Blvd., LLC

1875 West Mission Blvd., LLC (“1875”) was a California limited liability company formed for the purpose of owning 22.41 acres of industrial land located in Pomona, California which was acquired by the Company and PNL (who were co-lenders in the subject loan) via foreclosure in August 2011. Pursuant to the Operating Agreement of 1875, we had a 60% membership interest in 1875 and were entitled to collect approximately $5,078,000 upon the sale of the property after PNL collects any unreimbursed LLC expenses it has paid and $1,019,000 in its default interest at the time of foreclosure. The assets, liabilities, income and expenses of 1875 have been consolidated into the accompanying consolidated balance sheet and statement of operations of the Company. The land was sold during the year ended December 31, 2013 for net sales proceeds of approximately $9,489,000 resulting in gain on sale of $2,174,000. As we received our basis in 1875 of $5,078,000 upon sale, after non-controlling interest expense to PNL, there was no net gain or loss to the Company. The noncontrolling interest of PNL was approximately $(4,000) as of December 31, 2013.

There was no net income or loss to the Company from 1875 for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013.

Equity Method Investment in Limited Liability Company

1850 De La Cruz, LLC

During 2008, we entered into an Operating Agreement of 1850 De La Cruz LLC, a California limited liability company (“1850”), with Nanook Ventures LLC (“Nanook”), an unrelated party.  The purpose of the joint venture is to acquire, own and operate certain industrial land and buildings located in Santa Clara, California that were owned by the Company. The property was subject to a Purchase and Sale Agreement dated July 24, 2007 (the “Sale Agreement”), as amended, between the Company, as seller, and Nanook, as buyer.  During the course of due diligence under the Sale Agreement, it was discovered that the property is contaminated and that remediation and monitoring may be required.  The parties agreed to enter into the Operating Agreement to restructure the arrangement as a joint venture.  At the time of closing in July 2008, the two properties were separately contributed to two new limited liability companies, Nanook Ventures One LLC and Nanook Ventures Two LLC that are wholly owned by 1850. The Company and Nanook are the Members of 1850 and NV Manager, LLC is the manager.

During the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, we received capital distributions from 1850 in the total amount of $170,000 and $160,000, respectively. The net income to the Company from its investment in 1850 De La Cruz was approximately $170,000 and $161,000 for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 
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The approximate net income (loss) from our real estate properties held within wholly-owned limited liability companies and a wholly owned corporation and other investment properties with significant operating results (including gains/losses from sales and impairment losses), for the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 not already discussed above are included in the table below. The information presented includes only the revenues and expenses directly related to the properties and no allocations have been made for overhead and other expenses the Company incurs that are not directly related to an individual property.

   
2014
 
2013
 
DarkHorse Golf Club, LLC (golf course sold in 2012)
 
$
 
$
(166,000
)
Lone Star Golf, Inc.