Attached files

file filename
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Inteliquent, Inc.Financial_Report.xls
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - Inteliquent, Inc.iqnt-ex321_201409308.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - Inteliquent, Inc.iqnt-ex311_201409306.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - Inteliquent, Inc.iqnt-ex312_201409307.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014

OR

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                    to                    

Commission file number: 001-33778

 

INTELIQUENT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

31-1786871

(State or other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

550 West Adams Street

Suite 900

Chicago, IL 60661

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(312) 384-8000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

 

¨

 

Accelerated filer

 

x

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨    No  x

As of October 15, 2014, 33,115,097 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, were issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 


INTELIQUENT, INC.

INDEX

 

 

 

 

Page

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited) for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Unaudited) for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

7

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

15

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

22

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

  

22

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

  

23

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

23

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

23

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

23

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

23

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Other Information

 

23

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

23

 

 

 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

INTELIQUENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

 

September 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

2014

 

 

2013

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Cash and cash equivalents

$

99,376

 

 

$

77,004

 

  Receivables — net of allowance of $2,238 and $900, respectively

 

31,300

 

 

 

22,200

 

  Deferred income taxes-current

 

1,037

 

 

 

720

 

  Prepaid expenses

 

3,020

 

 

 

2,375

 

  Other current assets

 

1,591

 

 

 

1,977

 

           Total current assets

 

136,324

 

 

 

104,276

 

Property and equipment—net

 

22,617

 

 

 

25,815

 

Restricted cash

 

345

 

 

 

125

 

Deferred income taxes-noncurrent

 

4,833

 

 

 

5,495

 

Other assets

 

1,324

 

 

 

1,534

 

Total assets

$

165,443

 

 

$

137,245

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Accounts payable

$

1,682

 

 

$

2,176

 

  Accrued liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

            Taxes payable

 

2,965

 

 

 

2,437

 

            Circuit cost

 

9,058

 

 

 

8,987

 

            Rent

 

2,046

 

 

 

2,071

 

            Payroll and related items

 

4,603

 

 

 

3,079

 

            Other

 

1,041

 

 

 

1,674

 

           Total current liabilities

 

21,395

 

 

 

20,424

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock—par value of $.001; 50,000 authorized shares; no shares issued and

     outstanding at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013,

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock—par value of $.001; 150,000 authorized shares; 33,118 shares and 32,215 shares

     issued and outstanding at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

 

33

 

 

 

32

 

Less treasury stock, at cost; 3,351 shares at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013

 

(51,668

)

 

 

(51,668

)

Additional paid-in capital

 

212,698

 

 

 

203,989

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(17,015

)

 

 

(35,532

)

           Total shareholders’ equity

 

144,048

 

 

 

116,821

 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

$

165,443

 

 

$

137,245

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

3


INTELIQUENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

 

September 30,

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Revenue

$

54,045

 

 

$

50,396

 

 

$

165,143

 

 

$

163,133

 

Operating expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Network and facilities expense (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

23,016

 

 

 

22,027

 

 

 

71,035

 

 

 

70,716

 

Operations

 

7,432

 

 

 

7,182

 

 

 

21,941

 

 

 

22,488

 

Sales and marketing

 

1,048

 

 

 

1,090

 

 

 

2,542

 

 

 

4,650

 

General and administrative

 

3,645

 

 

 

6,071

 

 

 

12,699

 

 

 

15,105

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,985

 

 

 

3,293

 

 

 

9,136

 

 

 

11,505

 

Loss (gain) on disposal of assets

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

(29

)

 

 

226

 

Loss (gain) on sale of Americas data assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,081

 

 

 

(23,171

)

           Total operating expense

 

38,128

 

 

 

39,666

 

 

 

118,405

 

 

 

101,519

 

Income from operations

 

15,917

 

 

 

10,730

 

 

 

46,738

 

 

 

61,614

 

Other expense (income):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Interest expense (income)

 

18

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

37

 

 

 

(53

)

  Other expense (income)

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

5

 

           Total other expense (income)

 

18

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

(48

)

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

 

15,899

 

 

 

10,727

 

 

 

46,703

 

 

 

61,662

 

Provision for income taxes

 

6,123

 

 

 

4,177

 

 

 

18,286

 

 

 

8,524

 

Income from continuing operations

 

9,776

 

 

 

6,550

 

 

 

28,417

 

 

 

53,138

 

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income tax provision

 

 

 

 

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,102

 

Loss (gain) on disposal of discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

(783

)

Net income

$

9,776

 

 

$

6,471

 

 

$

28,417

 

 

$

46,819

 

Earnings per share - continuing operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

0.30

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.87

 

 

$

1.64

 

Diluted

$

0.29

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.86

 

 

$

1.63

 

Loss per share - discontinued operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

(0.20

)

Diluted

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

(0.19

)

Earnings per share - net income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

0.30

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.87

 

 

$

1.45

 

Diluted

$

0.29

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.86

 

 

$

1.44

 

Weighted average number of shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

33,115

 

 

 

32,262

 

 

 

32,743

 

 

 

32,344

 

Diluted

 

33,343

 

 

 

32,557

 

 

 

33,033

 

 

 

32,548

 

Dividends paid per share:

$

0.15

 

 

$

0.06

 

 

$

0.30

 

 

$

1.38

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

4


INTELIQUENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

 

September 30,

 

(In thousands)

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Net income

$

9,776

 

 

$

6,471

 

 

$

28,417

 

 

$

46,819

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency adjustments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,904

 

Total other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,904

 

Comprehensive income

$

9,776

 

 

$

6,471

 

 

$

28,417

 

 

$

51,723

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

5


INTELIQUENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

(In thousands)

2014

 

 

2013

 

Operating

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Net income

$

28,417

 

 

$

46,819

 

  Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

9,136

 

 

 

12,747

 

Deferred income taxes

 

345

 

 

 

(1,934

)

(Gain) loss on disposal of fixed assets

 

(29

)

 

 

493

 

Loss (gain) on disposal of Americas data assets

 

1,081

 

 

 

(23,171

)

Gain on disposal of discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

(783

)

Non-cash share-based compensation

 

3,268

 

 

 

5,169

 

Gain on intercompany foreign exchange transactions

 

 

 

 

56

 

Excess tax (benefit) deficiency associated with share-based payments

 

(896

)

 

 

982

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      Receivables

 

(9,100

)

 

 

(3,636

)

      Other current assets

 

(1,340

)

 

 

1,340

 

      Other noncurrent assets

 

210

 

 

 

(147

)

      Accounts payable

 

(162

)

 

 

(739

)

      Accrued liabilities

 

(138

)

 

 

3,552

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

30,792

 

 

 

40,748

 

Investing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of equipment

 

(6,279

)

 

 

(9,906

)

Proceeds from sale of equipment

 

41

 

 

 

28

 

Proceeds from disposition of discontinued operations, net of transaction costs

 

 

 

 

9,698

 

Proceeds from disposition of Americas data assets, net of transaction costs

 

 

 

 

37,092

 

(Increase) decrease in restricted cash

 

(220

)

 

 

837

 

Net cash (used for) provided by investing activities

 

(6,458

)

 

 

37,749

 

Financing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

7,728

 

 

 

279

 

Restricted shares withheld to cover employee taxes paid

 

(686

)

 

 

(508

)

Dividends paid

 

(9,900

)

 

 

(44,145

)

Payments made for repurchase of common stock

 

 

 

 

(1,565

)

Excess tax benefit (deficiency) associated with share-based payments

 

896

 

 

 

(982

)

Net cash used for financing activities

 

(1,962

)

 

 

(46,921

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

 

 

 

6

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

22,372

 

 

 

31,582

 

Cash and cash equivalents — Beginning

 

77,004

 

 

 

31,479

 

Cash and cash equivalents — End

$

99,376

 

 

$

63,061

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Cash paid for taxes

$

20,053

 

 

$

6,070

 

Supplemental disclosure of noncash flow items:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Investing activity — Accrued purchases of equipment

$

1,410

 

 

$

1,372

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

6


INTELIQUENT, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1. DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS

Organization — Inteliquent, Inc. (the Company) provides voice telecommunications services primarily on a wholesale basis. The Company offers these services using an all-IP network, which enables the Company to deliver global connectivity for a variety of media, including voice and, historically, data and video. The Company’s solutions enable carriers and other providers to deliver voice traffic or other services where they do not have their own network or elect not to use their own network. These solutions are sometimes called “off-net” services.

On April 30, 2013, the Company sold its global data business to Global Telecom & Technology, Inc. (GTT) for $54.5 million, subject to certain adjustments. The total consideration consisted of $52.5 million in cash, subject to net working capital adjustments, and $2.0 million of non-cash commercial IP Transit and point-to-point Ethernet data network services to be provided to the Company by GTT free-of-charge for a three-year period. The $2.0 million of non-cash commercial services was calculated based upon the discounted present value of the market cost of such services as of the date on which the commercial services agreement was signed with GTT. In addition, the Company recorded in its condensed consolidated statement of income, as part of its gain amount on the sale of its global data business, approximately $2.4 million for divestiture-related costs, including legal and advisory services.

 

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Principles of Consolidation — The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements — The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the condensed consolidated statements of income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 are unaudited. The condensed consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2013 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission applicable to interim periods. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations.

In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2014 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated statements and reflect all adjustments, which are normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of its statement of financial position, results of operations and cash flows. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for any subsequent quarter, for the full fiscal year or any future periods.

Changes in Presentation — On April 30, 2013, the Company sold its global data business to GTT for $54.5 million, subject to certain adjustments. The Company determined that the appropriate level in which to assess discontinued operations was at its reporting unit level. As such, the Company’s Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) and Asia Pacific (APAC) reporting units of the global data business consist of results of operations and cash flows that can be clearly distinguished from the rest of the entity and are therefore reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of income and in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as discontinued operations. Historical information related to these reporting units have been reclassified accordingly. The Americas reporting unit of the global data business does not consist of results of operations and cash flows that can be clearly distinguished, operationally and for financial reporting purposes, from the rest of the entity. This reporting unit does not qualify for discontinued operations accounting treatment. Therefore, the Americas reporting unit of the global data business is reported in continuing operations in the condensed consolidated statements of income and in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Refer to Note 9, “Business Disposition,” for more information regarding the sale of the global data business.

7


Cash and Cash Equivalents — The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of 90 days or less to be cash and cash equivalents. The carrying values of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents approximate fair value. At September 30, 2014, the Company had $37.5 million of cash in banks and $61.8 million in three money market mutual funds. At December 31, 2013, the Company had $35.2 million of cash in banks and $41.8 million in three money market mutual funds.

Fair Value Measurements — Certain assets and liabilities are required to be recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value is determined based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. Assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis include long-lived assets held and used. The fair value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their carrying values. The three-tier value hierarchy, which prioritizes valuation methodologies based on the reliability of the inputs, is:

Level 1— Valuations based on quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in active markets.

Level 2— Valuations based on observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

Level 3— Valuations based on unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants.

Property and Equipment — Property and equipment is recorded at cost. These values are depreciated over the estimated useful lives of the individual assets using the straight-line method. Any gains and losses from the disposition of property and equipment are included in operations as incurred. The estimated useful life for network equipment and tools and test equipment is five years. The estimated useful life for computer equipment, computer software and furniture and fixtures is three years. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of five years or the life of the lease, whichever is less. The impairment of long-lived assets is periodically evaluated when events or changes in circumstances indicate that a potential impairment has occurred.

Revenue Recognition — The Company generates revenue from sales of its voice services. The Company maintains tariffs and executed service agreements with each of its customers in which specific fees and rates are determined. Voice revenue is recorded each month on an accrual basis based upon minutes of traffic switched by the Company’s network by each customer, which is referred to as minutes of use. The rates charged per minute are determined by contracts between the Company and its customers, or by filed and effective tariffs.

Prior to the sale of the Company’s global data business in April 2013, IP Transit and Ethernet services revenues related to the Company’s Americas reporting unit for the first four months of 2013 were recorded each month on an accrual basis based upon bandwidth used by each customer. The rates charged were the total of a monthly fee for bandwidth (the Committed Traffic Rate) plus additional charges for the sustained peak bandwidth used monthly in excess of the Committed Traffic Rate.

Earnings (Loss) per Share — Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed based on the weighted average number of common shares and participating securities outstanding. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed based on the weighted average number of common shares and participating securities outstanding adjusted by the number of additional shares that would have been outstanding during the period had the potentially dilutive securities been issued. Because the Company has capital that is made up of both common shares and participating securities (non-vested shares), it is required to utilize the two-class method to calculate basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share. During the nine months periods ended September 30, 2013, the Company distributed more cash, in the form of a dividend, than its current earnings for these periods, which resulted in negative undistributed earnings.

8


The following table presents a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share of common stock based upon the two-class method:

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

 

September 30,

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

$

9,776

 

 

$

6,550

 

 

$

28,417

 

 

$

53,138

 

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income tax provision

 

 

 

 

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,102

 

Loss (gain) on disposal of discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

(783

)

Net income

$

9,776

 

 

$

6,471

 

 

$

28,417

 

 

$

46,819

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

33,115

 

 

 

32,262

 

 

 

32,743

 

 

 

32,344

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options

 

228

 

 

 

295

 

 

 

290

 

 

 

204

 

Denominator for diluted earnings per share

 

33,343

 

 

 

32,557

 

 

 

33,033

 

 

 

32,548

 

Earnings per share - continuing operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic - as reported

$

0.30

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.87

 

 

$

1.64

 

Diluted - as reported

$

0.29

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.86

 

 

$

1.63

 

Loss per share - discontinued operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic - as reported

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

(0.20

)

Diluted - as reported

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

(0.19

)

Earnings per share - net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic - as reported

$

0.30

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.87

 

 

$

1.45

 

Diluted - as reported

$

0.29

 

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.86

 

 

$

1.44

 

 

Certain awards were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect would have been antidilutive. Outstanding share-based awards of $1.5 million for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 were considered antidilutive. Outstanding share-based awards of $2.4 million for both the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 were considered antidilutive.

The undistributed earnings allocable to participating securities were $0.1 million and $0.3 million for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2014, respectively. The undistributed earnings allocable to participating securities were $0.1 million and less than $0.1 million for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2013, respectively.

Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation — The fair value of stock options is determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model. This model takes into account the exercise price of the stock option, the fair value of the common stock underlying the stock option as measured on the date of grant and an estimation of the volatility of the common stock underlying the stock option. Such value is recognized as expense over the service period, net of estimated forfeitures, using the straight line method. The estimation of stock awards that will ultimately vest requires judgment, and to the extent actual results or updated estimates differ from the Company’s current estimates, such amounts will be recorded as a cumulative adjustment in the period estimates are revised. The Company considers many factors when estimating expected forfeitures, including types of awards, employee class and historical experience. Actual results, and future changes in estimates, may differ from the Company’s current estimates.

The amount of non-cash share-based expense recorded in the three months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was $1.2 million and $1.3 million, respectively. The amount of non-cash share-based expense recorded in the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was $3.3 million and $5.2 million, respectively.

Compensation expense for non-vested shares is measured based upon the quoted closing market price for the stock on the date of grant. The compensation cost is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. Refer to Note 5, “Stock Options and Non-Vested Shares.”

Stock Repurchase — On August 7, 2012, the Company announced that its Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $50.0 million of its outstanding common stock as part of a stock repurchase program. During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company repurchased approximately 0.3 million shares for $1.6 million under the program at an average cost of $5.80 per share. The Company funded the purchase of the common shares using cash on hand. The stock repurchase was accounted for under the cost method, whereby the entire cost of the repurchased shares was recorded to treasury stock.

9


 

Foreign Currency Translation — As a result of the sale of the global data business, the Company now operates substantially within the United States and is no longer exposed to any material foreign currency risk.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements — In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The ASU is based on the principle that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to fulfill a contract. Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach for the adoption of the new standard. The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and early adoption is not permitted. The Company has assessed the impact of this standard and does not believe that it will have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, which requires management to assess, at each annual and interim reporting period, the entity's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued and provide related disclosures. The ASU is effective for the year ended December 31, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company has assessed the impact of this standard and does not believe that it will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements or disclosures.

 

3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

From time to time, the Company is a party to legal proceedings arising in the normal course of its business. The Company does not believe that it is a party to any pending legal action that could reasonably be expected to have a material effect on its business or operating results, financial position or cash flows.

 

4. INCOME TAXES

Income taxes were computed using an effective tax rate, which is subject to ongoing review and evaluation by the Company. The Company’s estimated effective income tax rate was 38.5% and 39.2% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to 38.9% and 13.8% for the same respective periods last year.

The difference in the effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 is due primarily to the tax impact of the sale of the data business in the prior year.

The Company has recorded a valuation allowance against the capital loss created by the sale of its global data business and the Illinois EDGE Credit. The Company believes it is more likely than not that these assets will not be fully realized in the foreseeable future. The realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon whether the Company can generate future taxable income in the appropriate character and jurisdiction to utilize the assets. The amount of the deferred tax assets considered realizable is subject to adjustment in future periods.

 

5. STOCK OPTIONS AND NON-VESTED SHARES

In 2003, the Company established the 2003 Stock Option and Stock Incentive Plan (2003 Plan), which provided for the issuance of up to 4.7 million options and non-vested shares to eligible employees and officers of the Company. In 2007, the Company adopted the 2007 Equity Incentive Plan (2007 Plan) and ceased awarding equity grants under the 2003 Plan. As of September 30, 2014, the Company had granted a total of 2.1 million options and 0.5 million non-vested shares that remained outstanding under the 2007 Plan. Awards for 1.6 million shares, representing approximately 5.0% of the Company’s outstanding common stock as of September 30, 2014, remained available for additional grants under the 2007 Plan.

The Company records non-cash share-based compensation expense in connection with any grant of options and non-vested shares to its employees. The Company calculates the expense associated with its stock options and non-vested shares by determining the fair value of the options and non-vested shares.

10


Options

All options granted under the 2003 Plan and the 2007 Plan have an exercise price equal to the market value of the underlying common stock on the date of the grant. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, the Company did not grant any options. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company granted less than 0.1 million options at a weighted average exercise price of $13.86. During the three months ended September 30, 2013, the Company did not grant any options. During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company granted 0.7 million options at a weighted average exercise price of $3.40.

The fair value of each option granted is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.  The following table summarizes the assumptions used for estimating the fair value of options for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013:

 

 

September 30,

 

 

September 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Expected life

7.2 years

 

 

7.3 years

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

2.1%

 

 

 

1.3%

 

Expected dividends

 

2.1%

 

 

 

0.0%

 

Volatility

 

60.0%

 

 

 

45.0%

 

The weighted average fair value of options granted, as determined by using the Black-Scholes valuation model, during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was $6.90 and $1.64, respectively. The total grant date fair value of options that vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 was approximately $0.9 million and $2.2 million, respectively. The total intrinsic value (market value of stock option less option exercise price) of stock options exercised was $3.0 million and $0.7 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The following table summarizes activity under the Company’s stock option plan for the nine months ended September 30, 2014:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

Aggregate

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

Intrinsic

 

 

Average

 

 

Shares

 

 

Exercise

 

 

Value

 

 

Remaining

 

 

(000)

 

 

Price

 

 

($000)

 

 

Term (yrs)

 

Options outstanding — January 1, 2014

 

2,991

 

 

$

12.91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

40

 

 

 

13.86

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

(739

)

 

 

10.51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cancelled

 

(221

)

 

 

20.08

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options outstanding — September 30, 2014

 

2,071

 

 

$

13.03

 

 

$

5,095

 

 

 

5.21

 

Vested or expected to vest — September 30, 2014

 

2,058

 

 

$

13.08

 

 

$

4,990

 

 

 

5.19

 

Exercisable — September 30, 2014

 

1,547

 

 

$

15.98

 

 

$

783

 

 

 

4.16

 

The unrecognized compensation cost associated with options outstanding at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 was $1.2 million and $1.7 million, respectively. The weighted average remaining term that the compensation will be recorded is 2.1 years and 2.1 years as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.

Non-vested Shares

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company granted less than 0.1 million and 0.2 million of non-vested shares, respectively, to members of the Company’s executive management team as well as various employees within the Company. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, the Company granted less than 0.1 million and 0.3 million non-vested shares, respectively, to members of the Company’s executive management team as well as various employees within the Company. The non-vested shares were issued as part of the 2007 Plan. The shares typically vest over a four-year period. The fair value of the non-vested shares is determined using the Company’s closing stock price on the grant date. Compensation cost, measured using the grant date fair value, is recognized over the requisite service period on a straight-line basis.

11


A summary of the Company’s non-vested share activity and related information for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

Intrinsic

 

 

Shares

 

 

Grant Date

 

 

Value

 

 

(000)

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

($000)

 

Non-vested shares outstanding — January 1, 2014

 

477

 

 

$

9.66

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

216

 

 

 

12.82

 

 

 

 

 

Vested

 

(234

)

 

 

10.12

 

 

 

 

 

Cancelled

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-vested shares outstanding — September 30, 2014

 

459

 

 

$

10.91

 

 

$

5,715

 

Non-vested shares vested or expected to vest —September 30, 2014

 

429

 

 

$

10.91

 

 

$

5,341

 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value based on the Company’s closing stock price of $12.45 on September 30, 2014. The amount changes based upon the fair market value of the Company’s common stock.

The unrecognized compensation cost associated with non-vested shares was $3.9 million at both September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013. The weighted average remaining term that the compensation will be recorded was 2.0 years and 1.7 years as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.

 

6. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

The Company’s money market funds are recognized and disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. Fair value is measured using the fair value hierarchy and related valuation methodologies as defined in the authoritative literature. This guidance specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based on whether the inputs to each measurement are observable or unobservable. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect the Company’s assumptions about current market conditions. The prescribed fair value hierarchy and related valuation methodologies are as follows:

Level 1 - Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.

Level 2 - Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active and model-derived valuations, in which all significant inputs are observable in active markets.

Level 3 - Valuations derived from valuation techniques, in which one or more significant inputs are unobservable.

The fair value of the Company’s financial asset by level in the fair value hierarchy as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 was as follows:

 

September 30, 2014

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money Market Funds

$

61,831

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

61,831

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2013

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money Market Funds

$

41,827

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

41,827

 

 

Valuation methodology

Level 1—Quoted market prices in active markets are available for investments in money market funds. As such, these investments are classified within Level 1.

 

12


7. CREDIT FACILITY

On March 5, 2013, the Company entered into a $15.0 million revolving credit facility. The credit facility has a term of three years and an interest rate of LIBOR + 3.25%. The Company may use any borrowings under the revolving credit facility for general corporate purposes. No obligations were outstanding under the revolving credit facility at any time during the year ended December 31, 2013 or during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. As of September 30, 2014, the Company is currently in compliance with all of the covenants of the credit facility agreement.

 

8. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

There were no balances of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014. Changes in the balance of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 are summarized in the following table:

 

 

September 30, 2013

 

 

Three Months

 

 

Nine Months

 

(In thousands)

Ended

 

 

Ended

 

Beginning balance

$

 

 

$

(4,904

)

Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications

 

 

 

 

(29

)

Less: Amounts reclassified from AOCI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency adjustments

 

 

 

 

(4,933

)

Net other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

4,904

 

Ending balance

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. BUSINESS DISPOSITION

On April 30, 2013, the Company sold its global data business to GTT and, as a result, no longer provides data services. The transaction consisted of the Americas, EMEA and APAC reporting units’ data assets and liabilities. The Americas reporting unit of the global data business did not qualify for discontinued operations because it did not constitute a separate component of the Company. The data activity associated with the Americas reporting unit is reported in continuing operations in the consolidated statements of income and consolidated balance sheets. The data activity associated with the EMEA and APAC reporting units is reflected in the consolidated statements of income and in the consolidated balance sheets as discontinued operations. Historical information related to these reporting units has been reclassified accordingly.

The Company sold its global data business for $54.5 million which consisted of $52.5 million in cash, subject to net working capital adjustments, and $2.0 million of non-cash commercial services to be provided by GTT to the Company over a three-year period. After an initial net working capital reduction of $3.3 million based on the balance sheet information as of March 31, 2013, the Company received $51.2 million of cash and non-cash services from GTT. Transaction costs and the additional net working capital adjustment, resulting from balance sheet changes during the month of April following the initial calculation, amounted to approximately $2.4 million and $1.0 million, respectively, reducing net cash and non-cash consideration to approximately $47.8 million. Of this amount, $43.5 million was allocated to the sale of the Americas reporting unit of the global data business and the remaining amount of $4.3 million was allocated to the EMEA and APAC reporting units of the global data business. The Company based its allocation of the $47.8 million amount based upon the relative percentage of the fair value of the Americas reporting unit and the EMEA and APAC reporting units, to the total fair value of these three reporting units combined.

The Company and GTT disagreed over the amount of certain post-closing purchase price adjustment provisions in the agreement governing the sale of the Company’s global data business to GTT. GTT claimed that the Company owed GTT $3.8 million. The Company, however, believed that GTT owed the Company $1.1 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the parties tentatively agreed to resolve their differences with respect to the post-closing adjustments to the purchase price in a manner that would require neither party to make a payment to the other and would waive all other claims. As a result of the tentative agreement, the Company reduced other assets by $1.1 million and charged $1.1 million to continuing operations within loss on sale of Americas data assets. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, the agreement was finalized. There were no accounting impacts as a result of the final agreement.

13


Disposition Not Qualifying for Discontinued Operations

The Americas reporting unit assets, which were sold as part of the sale of the global data business, had an approximate net book value of $14.7 million at the time of the sale. The purchase price allocation of $37.9 million for this portion of the global data business, reflected as of June 30, 2013, less its net book basis of assets and liabilities yielded a gain from sale of $23.2 million. As a result of a final true-up to the purchase price allocation recorded in the three months ended December 31, 2013, the gain from sale of $23.2 million increased by $5.6 million, bringing the cumulative gain to $28.8 million. As a result, the gain on sale of discontinued operations at June 30, 2013 of $0.8 million decreased $5.6 million to a loss on sale of discontinued operations of $4.8 million at December 31, 2013.

Discontinued Operations

The net book basis of the assets and liabilities for the EMEA and APAC reporting units of the global data business at the date of sale was approximately $10.1 million. In addition, the Company was entitled to approximately $1.0 million of cash that remained with the EMEA and APAC reporting units of the global data business at the time of the transaction. The purchase price allocation of $4.3 million for this portion of the global data business plus the additional $1.0 million of cash yielded a loss on the sale from discontinued operations of $4.8 million.

The following table displays summarized activity in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of income for discontinued operations during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013.

 

 

 

September 30, 2013

 

 

Three Months

 

 

Nine Months

 

(In thousands)

Ended

 

 

Ended

 

Revenue

$

 

 

$

13,493

 

Operating loss

 

68

 

 

 

6,376

 

Loss before income taxes

 

68

 

 

 

6,875

 

Provision for income tax

 

 

 

 

227

 

Loss from discontinued operations

 

68

 

 

 

7,102

 

Loss (gain) on disposal of discontinued operations

$

11

 

 

$

(783

)

 

 

 

10. SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

Segment reporting establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The Company’s chief operating decision maker is the Chief Executive Officer. The Chief Executive Officer reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis. The Company operates in one industry segment which is to provide voice interconnection services via the Company’s international telecommunications network to fulfill customer agreements. Therefore, the Company has concluded that it has one operating segment.

 

 

 

14


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking statements. The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “efforts,” “expects,” “estimates,” “projects,” “proposed,” “plans,” “intends,” “may,” “will,” “would,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements we make. Factors that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to: the effects of competition, including direct connects, and downward pricing pressure resulting from such competition; our regular review of strategic alternatives; the impact of current and future regulation, including intercarrier compensation reform enacted by the Federal Communications Commission (the “FCC”); the risks associated with our ability to successfully develop and market new voice services, many of which are beyond our control and all of which could delay or negatively affect our ability to offer or market new voice services; the ability to develop and provide other new services; technological developments; the ability to obtain and protect intellectual property rights; the impact of current or future litigation; the impact of any future acquisitions, mergers or divestitures; natural or man-made disasters; the ability to attract, develop and retain executives and other qualified employees; changes in general economic or market conditions; matters arising out of or related to the impairment charge and financial forecasting practices that were the subject of an investigation by the Company’s Audit Committee; the possibility that the Securities and Exchange Commission may disagree with the Audit Committee’s findings and may require a restatement of financial statements or additional or different remediation; the possibility of litigation or other actions related to the impairment charge and financial forecasting practices that were subject to investigation by the Audit Committee and related matters; and other important factors included in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, particularly in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, as such risk factors may be updated from time to time in subsequent reports. Furthermore, such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements.

Overview

We provide voice telecommunications services primarily on a wholesale basis. We offer these services using an all-IP network, which enables us to deliver global connectivity for a variety of media, including voice, and historically data and video. Our solutions enable carriers and other providers to deliver voice telecommunications traffic or other services where they do not have their own network or elect not to use their own network. These solutions are sometimes called “off-net” services. We also provide our solutions to customers, such as “over-the-top” providers, who also typically do not have their own network. We were incorporated in Delaware on April 19, 2001 and commenced operations in 2004. Refer to Note 9, “Business Disposition,” for more information regarding the sale of the global data business.

Voice Services

We provide voice interconnection services primarily to competitive carriers, including wireless, wireline, cable and broadband telephony companies. Competitive carriers use our tandem switches to interconnect and exchange local and long distance traffic between their networks without the need to establish direct switch-to-switch connections. Competitive carriers are carriers that are not Incumbent Local Exchange Carriers, or ILECs, such as AT&T, Verizon and CenturyLink.

Prior to the introduction of our local voice service, competitive carriers generally had two alternatives for exchanging traffic with other carriers’ networks. The two alternatives were exchanging traffic through the ILEC tandems or directly connecting individual switches, commonly referred to as “direct connects.” Given the cost and complexity of establishing direct connects, competitive carriers often elected to utilize the ILEC tandem as the method of exchanging traffic. The ILECs typically required competitive carriers to interconnect to multiple ILEC tandems with each tandem serving a restricted geographic area. In addition, as the competitive telecommunications market grew, the process of establishing interconnections at multiple ILEC tandems became increasingly difficult to manage and maintain, causing delays and inhibiting the growth of competitive carriers while the purchase of ILEC tandem services became an increasingly significant component of a competitive carrier’s costs.

15


The tandem switching services offered by ILECs consist of local transit services, which are provided in connection with local calls, and switched access services, which are provided in connection with long distance calls. Under certain interpretations of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and implementing regulations, ILECs are required to provide local transit services to competitive carriers. ILECs generally set per minute rates and other charges for tandem transit services according to rate schedules approved by state public utility commissions, although the methodology used to review these rate schedules varies from state to state. ILECs are also required to offer switched access services to competing telecommunications carriers under the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and implementing regulations. ILECs generally set per minute rates and other charges for switched access services according to mandated rate schedules set by the FCC for interstate calls and by state public utility commissions for intrastate calls. In November 2011, the FCC released an order setting forth a multi-year transition plan that will reduce, and ultimately lead to elimination of, terminating switched access charges. For a further discussion on the FCC’s order, see “Regulatory Treatment of Certain Intercarrier Compensation” below.

A loss of ILEC market share to competitive carriers escalated competitive tensions and resulted in an increased demand for tandem switching. Growth in intercarrier traffic switched through ILEC tandems created switch capacity shortages known in the industry as ILEC “tandem exhaust,” where overloaded ILEC tandems became a bottleneck for competitive carriers. This increased call blocking and gave rise to service quality issues for competitive carriers.

We founded our company to solve these interconnection problems and better facilitate the exchange of traffic among competitive carriers and non-carriers. With the introduction of our services, we believe we became the first carrier to provide alternative tandem services capable of alleviating the ILEC tandem exhaust problem. Our solution enabled competitive carriers to exchange traffic between their networks without using an ILEC tandem for both local and long distance calls. By utilizing our managed tandem service, our customers benefit from a simplified interconnection network solution that reduces costs, increases network reliability, decreases competitive tension and adds network diversity and redundancy. We operated in 190 markets as of September 30, 2014 and have signed voice services agreements with major competitive carriers and non-carriers. Generally, these agreements do not provide for minimum revenue requirements and do not require our customers to continue to use our services.

Our business originally connected only local traffic among carriers within a single metropolitan market. In 2006, we installed a national IP backbone network connecting our major local markets. In 2008, we began offering terminating switched access services and originating switched access services. Switched access services are provided in connection with long distance calls. Our terminating switched access services allows interexchange carriers to send calls to us, and we then terminate those calls to the appropriate terminating carrier in the local market in which we operate. Our originating switched access service allows the originating carrier in the local market in which we operate to send calls to us that we then deliver to the appropriate interexchange carrier that has been selected to carry that call. In both instances, the interexchange carrier is our customer, which means that it is financially responsible for the call. Finally, we began offering international voice services as we began interconnection with non-United States carriers. As a result of the foregoing, our service offerings now include the capability of switching and carrying local, long distance and international voice traffic.

On April 30, 2013, we announced that we sold all assets and liabilities of our global data business to GTT for $54.5 million, subject to certain adjustments. The total consideration consisted of $52.5 million in cash and $2.0 million of non-cash commercial services to be provided by GTT to us.

 

Regulatory Treatment of Certain Intercarrier Compensation.  We receive intercarrier compensation from long distance carriers when we receive terminating access traffic from those carriers.  The intercarrier compensation we receive is based on either agreements we have with the respective carriers or rates set forth in our tariffs. 

 

Along with addressing other matters, on November 18, 2011, the FCC issued an order establishing an intercarrier compensation framework for terminating switched access traffic.  Under the framework, when an end user subscribes to a local carrier’s services, most intercarrier compensation that the local carrier receives from long distance carriers for terminating access traffic will be reduced to zero over a transition period which began on July 1, 2012 and culminates on July 1, 2018. 

 

Where a carrier only provides the terminating tandem access service, or intermediate interconnection between the long distance carrier and the terminating local carrier, the tandem provider’s rates are not reduced to zero under the FCC’s November 18, 2011 order.  However, under the FCC’s order, the intercarrier compensation that the tandem carrier receives for terminating this access traffic was capped at the interstate rate in effect as of July 1, 2013.    

 

We provide terminating access services in both of the manners described above.  We earn the majority of our terminating access service revenue from providing intermediate terminating tandem access service, as opposed to providing terminating service for traffic bound for end users that we serve.   Several states, industry groups, and other telecommunications carriers have filed petitions in federal court for reconsideration of the framework with the FCC, although the outcome of those petitions is unpredictable.

16


Revenue. We generate revenue from sales of our voice services and historically generated revenue from sales of our IP Transit and Ethernet services. Revenue is recorded each month based upon documented minutes of traffic switched and, historically, data traffic carried for which service is provided, when collection is probable. Voice revenue is recorded each month on an accrual basis based upon minutes of traffic switched by our network for each customer, which we refer to as minutes of use. The rates charged per minute are determined by contracts between us and our customers or by filed and effective tariffs.

Minutes of use of voice traffic increase as we increase our number of customers, increase the penetration of existing markets, either with new customers or with existing customers, and increase our service offerings. The minutes of use decrease due to direct connection between existing customers, consolidation between customers, a customer using a different interconnection provider or a customer experiencing a decrease in the volume of traffic it carries.

The average rate per minute of voice traffic varies depending on market forces and type of service, such as switched access or local transit. The market rate in each market is based upon competitive conditions along with the switched access or local transit rates offered by the ILECs. Depending on the markets we enter, we may enter into contracts with our customers with either a higher or lower rate per minute than our current average.

Our service solution incorporates other components beyond switching. In addition to switching, we generally provision trunk circuits between our customers’ switches and our network locations at our own expense and at no direct cost to our customers. We also provide quality of service monitoring, call records and traffic reporting and other services to our customers as part of our service solution. Our per-minute rates are intended to incorporate all of these services.

While generally not seasonal in nature, our voice revenues are affected by certain events such as holidays, the unpredictable timing of direct connects between our customers, and installation and implementation delays. These factors can cause our revenue to both increase or decrease unexpectedly.

Operating Expense. Operating expense includes network and facilities expense, operations expenses, sales and marketing expenses, general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, loss (gain) on disposal of fixed assets, and loss (gain) on sale of Americas data assets.

Network and Facilities Expense. Our network and facilities expense includes transport capacity, or circuits, signaling network costs, facility rents and utilities, and costs to terminate our traffic, together with other costs that directly support our voice services. Prior to the sale of the global data business, our network and facilities expense included transport capacity, or circuits, facility rents and utilities, together with other costs that directly supported our data services. We do not defer or capitalize any costs associated with the start-up of a new point of presence (POP). The start-up of an additional POP can take between three months to six months. During this time, we typically incur facility rent, utilities, payroll and related benefit costs along with initial non-recurring installation costs. Revenues generally follow sometime after the sixth month.

Network transport costs typically occur on a repeating monthly basis, which we refer to as recurring transport costs, or on a one-time basis, which we refer to as non-recurring transport costs. Recurring transport costs primarily include monthly usage and other charges from telecommunication carriers and are related to the circuits utilized by us to connect to our customers. As our voice traffic increases, we must utilize additional circuits. Non-recurring transport costs primarily include the initial installation of such circuits. Facility rents include the leases on our POPs, which expire through March 2026. Additionally, we pay the cost of the utilities for all of our POP locations.

Operations Expense. Operations expense includes payroll and benefits for our POP location personnel as well as individuals located at our offices who are directly responsible for maintaining and expanding our network. Other primary components of operations expenses include repair and maintenance, software licenses, property taxes, property insurance, professional fees and supplies.

Sales and Marketing Expense. Sales and marketing expense represents the smallest component of our operating expenses and primarily include personnel costs, sales bonuses, marketing programs and other costs related to travel and customer meetings.

General and Administrative Expense. General and administrative expense consists primarily of compensation and related costs for personnel and facilities associated with our executive, finance, human resource and legal departments as well as fees for professional services and bad debt expense. Professional services principally consist of outside legal, audit, and tax service fees and may occasionally include consulting and transaction costs.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense. Depreciation and amortization expense for voice-related fixed assets is applied using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets after they are placed in service, which are five years for network equipment and test equipment, and three years for computer equipment, computer software and furniture and fixtures. Leasehold

17


improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of five years or the life of the respective leases, whichever is shorter.

Loss (gain) on Disposal of Assets. We dispose of network equipment in connection with converting to new technology and computer equipment to replace old or damaged units. When there is a carrying value of these assets, we record the write-off of these amounts to loss on disposal. In some cases, this equipment is sold to a third party. When the proceeds from the sale of equipment identified for disposal exceeds the asset’s carrying value, we record a gain on disposal.

Loss (gain) on sale of Americas Data Assets. The global data business was sold in 2013 and as a result, a gain of $23.2 million was recorded that related to the disposal of the Americas data assets. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, we recorded a $1.1 million loss on sale of Americas data assets as a result of the settlement with GTT. Refer to Note 9 “Business Disposition” for more information regarding the sale of the global data business.

Other Expense (Income). Other expense (income) includes interest expense and income.

Provision for Income Taxes. Income tax provision includes United States federal, state and local income taxes and is based on pre-tax income or loss. In determining the estimated annual effective income tax rate, we analyze various factors, including projections of our annual earnings and taxing jurisdictions in which earnings will be generated, the impact of state and local income taxes and our ability to use tax credits and net operating loss carryforwards.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of our financial statements requires us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 11, 2014, includes a summary of the critical accounting policies we believe are the most important to aid in understanding our financial results. There have been no changes to those critical accounting policies that have had a material impact on our reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues or expenses during the first nine months of 2014.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth our results of continuing operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

 

September 30,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Revenue

$

54,045

 

 

$

50,396

 

 

$

165,143

 

 

$

163,133

 

Operating expense:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Network and facilities expense (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

23,016

 

 

 

22,027

 

 

 

71,035

 

 

 

70,716

 

Operations

 

7,432

 

 

 

7,182

 

 

 

21,941

 

 

 

22,488

 

Sales and marketing

 

1,048

 

 

 

1,090

 

 

 

2,542

 

 

 

4,650

 

General and administrative

 

3,645

 

 

 

6,071

 

 

 

12,699

 

 

 

15,105

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,985