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Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

 


 

FORM 10-K

 


 

(Mark One)

 

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014

 

OR

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                  to                  

 


 

Commission File Number 1-5828

 

CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 


 

Delaware

 

23-0458500

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

P.O. Box 14662

Reading, Pennsylvania

 

19610

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

610-208-2000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, $5 Par Value

 

New York Stock Exchange

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

 

Securities registered pursuant to 12(g) of the Act:  None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Yes o  No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to the filing requirements for at least the past 90 days.

Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files)

Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer x

 

Accelerated filer o

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes o  No x

 

The aggregate market value of the registrants’ voting common stock held by non-affiliates at December 31, 2013 was $3,235,541,992, based on the closing price per share of the registrant’s common stock on that date of $62.20 as reported on the New York Stock Exchange.

 

As of August 14, 2014, 53,201,803 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Selected portions of the Company’s fiscal year 2014 definitive Proxy Statement are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Report.

 

 

 


 


Table of Contents

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Page
Number

PART I

 

 

 

 

Item 1

Business

2 – 7

 

Item 1A

Risk Factors

7 – 13

 

Item 1B

Unresolved Staff Comments

13

 

Item 2

Properties

14

 

Item 3

Legal Proceedings

14 - 15

 

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosures

15

 

Item 4A

Executive Officers of the Registrant

15 – 16

PART II

 

 

 

 

Item 5

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

16 – 18

 

Item 6

Selected Financial Data

18

 

Item 7

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19 – 45

 

 

 

 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

45

 

 

 

 

 

Item 7A

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

46

 

 

 

 

 

Item 8

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

47 – 96

 

Item 9

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

96

 

Item 9A

Controls and Procedures

96 – 97

 

Item 9B

Other Information

97

 

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

Item 10

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

97

 

Item 11

Executive Compensation

98

 

Item 12

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

98

 

Item 13

Certain Relationships, Related Transactions and Director Independence

98

 

Item 14

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

99

 

 

 

 

PART IV

Item 15

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

99 – 104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

 

104 – 105

 

 

 

 

SCHEDULE II

 

Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

106

 



Table of Contents

 

PART I

 

Item 1.  Business

 

(a)             General Development of Business:

 

Carpenter Technology Corporation, incorporated in 1904, is engaged in the manufacturing, fabrication and distribution of specialty metals.  As used throughout this report, unless the context requires otherwise, the terms “Carpenter”, the “Company”, “Registrant”, “Issuer”, “we” and “our” refer to Carpenter Technology Corporation.

 

(b)             Financial Information About Segments:

 

We are organized in two reportable business segments: Specialty Alloys Operations and Performance Engineered Products.  See Note 19 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for additional segment reporting information.

 

(c)              Narrative Description of Business:

 

(1)               General:

 

We develop, manufacture and distribute cast/wrought and powder metal stainless steels and special alloys including high temperature (iron-nickel-cobalt base), stainless, superior corrosion resistant, controlled expansion alloys, ultra high strength and implantable alloys, tool and die steels and other specialty metals, as well as cast/wrought titanium alloys. We also manufacture and rent down-hole drilling tools and components used in the oil and gas industry.

 

We provide material solutions to the changing needs of the aerospace and defense, energy, transportation, medical and industrial and consumer industries.  We have continued to increase our global manufacturing capacity as well as expand our operations to provide customers with solutions to today’s changing materials challenges.

 

In fiscal year 2014 we completed the construction of a new 400,000 square foot state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Limestone County, Alabama in response to anticipated strong customer demand for premium products primarily in the fast-growing aerospace and defense, and energy industries. We produced 1,000 tons of saleable products in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 and are making progress on internal and customer qualifications.  We ultimately expect the facility will be capable of producing approximately 27,000 tons per year of premium products in the future.  The new facility includes forge, remelting and associated finishing and testing capabilities and will play a key role in further developing our capabilities in the production of our premium products.

 

Reportable Segments

 

The Company changed its reportable segments beginning with the fiscal year 2014 first quarter results.  The change reflects the completion of the integration of the Latrobe Specialty Metals, Inc. (“Latrobe”) businesses acquired by the Company in February 2012.  Prior to this change, the Latrobe businesses were reported as a separate segment to provide management with the focus and visibility into the business of the acquired operations. The previously reported Latrobe segment also included the results of the Company’s distribution business in Mexico.  Since the Latrobe businesses are now fully integrated, the previously reported Latrobe segment has been merged into the Company’s operating model, in which the Company’s integrated steel mill operations are managed distinctly from the collection of other differentiated operations.

 

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Beginning with the first quarter of fiscal year 2014, the Company has two reportable segments, Specialty Alloys Operations (“SAO”) and Performance Engineered Products (“PEP”).  For more detailed segment information, including the recasted segments for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, see Note 19 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.

 

The SAO segment is comprised of the Company’s major premium alloy and stainless steel manufacturing operations. This includes operations performed at mills primarily in Reading and Latrobe and surrounding areas in Pennsylvania, South Carolina and the new premium products manufacturing facility in Limestone County, Alabama. The combined assets of the SAO operations are being managed in an integrated manner to optimize efficiency and profitability across the total system.

 

The PEP segment is comprised of the Company’s differentiated operations. This segment includes the Dynamet titanium business, the Carpenter Powder Products business, the Amega West business, the Specialty Steel Supply business and the Latrobe and Mexico distribution businesses. The businesses in the PEP segment are managed with an entrepreneurial structure to promote speed and flexibility, and drive overall revenue and profit growth.

 

(2)               Classes of Products:

 

Our major classes of products are:

 

Special alloys —

Our special alloys are used in critical components such as aerospace rings, discs and fasteners and include heat resistant alloys that range from slight modifications of stainless steels to complex nickel and cobalt base alloys as well as alloys for electronic, magnetic and electrical applications with controlled thermal expansion characteristics, or high electrical resistivity or special magnetic characteristics.

 

Stainless steels —

Our stainless products include a broad range of corrosion resistant alloys including conventional stainless steels and many proprietary grades for special applications.

 

Titanium products —

Our titanium products include corrosion resistant, highly specialized metal with a combination of high strength and low density.  Most common uses are in aircraft fasteners, medical devices, sporting equipment and chemical and petroleum processing.

 

Powder metals —

Our powder metals include spherical gas atomized powders produced via air, vacuum or pressurized melting with Argon or Nitrogen Atomization in fine, medium and coarse powder distributions.

 

Alloy and tool steel —

Our alloy and tools steels are sold across a wide range of industries in long forms as well as rounds, plates and sheets.

 

Distribution and other —

Our distribution sales represent sales of globally sourced corrosion resistant steels, tool steels and powder metals for a wide range of industries.

 

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(3)                 Raw Materials:

 

Our business depends on continued delivery of critical raw materials for our day-to-day operations.  These raw materials include nickel, cobalt, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, titanium, iron and scrap containing iron and nickel.  Some of the sources of these raw materials, many of which are international, could be subject to potential interruptions of supply as a result of political events, labor unrest or other reasons.  These potential interruptions could cause material shortages and affect availability and price. We have arrangements with certain vendors to provide consigned materials at our manufacturing facilities available for our consumption as necessary.

 

We have long-term relationships with major suppliers who provide availability of material at competitive prices.  Purchase prices of certain raw materials have historically been volatile.  We use pricing surcharges, indexing mechanisms, base price adjustments and raw material forward contracts to reduce the impact of increased costs for the most significant of these materials. There can be delays between the time of the increase in the price of raw materials and the realization of the benefits of such mechanisms or actions that could have a short-term impact on our results and could affect the comparability of our results from period to period.

 

(4)                 Patents and Licenses:

 

We own a number of United States and international patents and have granted licenses under some of them.  In addition, certain products that we produce are covered by patents held or owned by other companies from whom licenses have been obtained.  The duration of a patent issued in the United States is between 14 and 20 years from the date of filing a patent application or issuance of the patents.  The duration of patents issued outside of the United States vary from country to country.  Generally, patent licenses are structured to match the duration of the underlying patent.  Although these patents and licenses are believed to be of value, we do not consider our business to be materially dependent upon any single such item or related group of such items.

 

(5)                Seasonality of Business:

 

Our sales are normally influenced by seasonal factors. Historically, our sales in the first two fiscal quarters (the respective three months ending September 30 and December 31) are typically the lowest — principally because of annual plant vacation and maintenance shutdowns by us as well as by many of our customers.  However, the timing of major changes in the general economy or the markets for certain products can alter this historical pattern.

 

The chart below summarizes the percent of net sales by quarter for the past three fiscal years:

 

Quarter Ended

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012*

 

September 30,

 

23

%

24

%

20

%

December 31,

 

23

 

23

 

21

 

March 31,

 

26

 

26

 

27

 

June 30,

 

28

 

27

 

32

 

 

 

100

%

100

%

100

%

 


*Fiscal year 2012 net sales by quarter reflect the Latrobe acquisition effective February 29, 2012.

 

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(6)                 Customers:

 

On a consolidated basis, we are not dependent upon a single customer, or a very few customers, such that the loss of any one or more particular customers would have a materially adverse effect on our consolidated statement of operations.  No customers accounted for 10 percent or more of net sales during fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012.  See Note 19 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for additional information.

 

(7)                Backlog:

 

As of June 30, 2014, we had a backlog of orders, believed to be firm, of approximately $680 million, substantially all of which is expected to be shipped within fiscal year 2015.  Our backlog as of June 30, 2013 was approximately $524 million.

 

(8)                Competition:

 

Our business is highly competitive.  We supply materials to a wide variety of end-use market sectors and compete with various companies depending on end-use market, product or geography. We are leaders in specialty materials for critical applications with 125 years of metallurgical and manufacturing expertise. A significant portion of the products we produce are highly engineered materials for demanding applications. There are a limited number of companies producing one or more similar products that we consider our major competitors for our high value products used in demanding applications, particularly in our aerospace and defense and energy end-use markets.  These products are generally required to meet complex customer product specifications and often require the materials to be qualified prior to supplying the customer orders. Our experience, technical capabilities, product offerings and research and development efforts that we have in our niche markets represent barriers to existing and potential competitors.

 

For other products, there are several dozen smaller producing companies and converting companies that are also competitors as well as several hundred independent distributors of products similar to those distributed by us.  Additionally, numerous foreign companies produce various specialty metal products similar to those produced by us.  Furthermore, a number of different products may, in certain instances, be substituted for our finished products.

 

(9)                Research, Product and Process Development:

 

Our expenditures for company-sponsored research and development were $18.5 million, $19.4 million and $20.5 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. We believe that our ability to be an innovator in special material development and manufacturing processes has been and will continue to be an important factor in the success of the Company.  The ability to commercialize radical new technology to drive the next major increment of organic growth is a key element of our strategic path to success.  Our strong commitment to developing continuous streams of new products to meet customers’ needs has been supported by increased research and development resources and investments over the last several years and by actively acquiring game changing technologies. Our worldwide staff of expert metallurgists, research and development scientists, engineers and service professionals work closely with our customers to identify and provide innovative solutions to specific product requirements and has led to the establishment of worldwide partnerships for materials and process development and innovation. We believe that the alloys under development will redefine our business in the future.

 

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Table of Contents

 

(10)         Environmental Regulations:

 

We are subject to various stringent federal, state, local and international environmental laws and regulations relating to pollution, protection of public health and the environment, natural resource damages and occupational safety and health.  Management evaluates the liability for future environmental remediation costs on a quarterly basis.  We accrue amounts for environmental remediation costs representing management’s best estimate of the probable and reasonably estimable costs relating to environmental remediation.  For further information on environmental remediation, see the Contingencies section included in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the notes to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.

 

Our costs of maintaining and operating environmental control equipment were $8.3 million, $13.7 million and $14.1 million for fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.  The capital expenditures for environmental control equipment were $2.2 million, $1.6 million and $0.4 million for fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.  We anticipate spending approximately $2.5 million on major domestic environmental capital projects over the next five fiscal years.  This includes approximately $1.0 million in fiscal year 2015 and fiscal year 2016.  Due to the possibility of future regulatory developments, the amount of future capital expenditures may vary from these estimates.

 

(11)         Employees:

 

As of June 30, 2014, our total workforce consisted of approximately 4,900 employees, which included approximately 120 production employees in Washington, Pennsylvania who are covered under a collective bargaining agreement which expires on August 31, 2016, and approximately 430 employees in Latrobe, Pennsylvania who are covered under a collective bargaining agreement which expires August 1, 2017.

 

(d)               Financial information about foreign and domestic operations and export sales:

 

Sales outside of the United States, including export sales, were $635.1 million, $696.4 million and $664.5 million in fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Long-lived assets held outside of the United States were $27.5 million, $25.9 million and $22.9 million as of June 30, 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.  For further information on domestic and international sales, see Note 19 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.

 

(e)                Available Information:

 

Our Board of Directors has adopted a Code of Ethics for the Chief Executive Officer and Senior Financial Officers of Carpenter Technology Corporation, which is also applicable to our other executive officers.  There were no waivers of the Code of Ethics in fiscal year 2014.  The Code of Ethics and any information regarding any waivers of the Code of Ethics are disclosed on Carpenter’s website at www.cartech.com.  Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are available free of charge through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish such material to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  Our website and the content contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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The public may read and copy any materials the Company files with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, DC 20549.  The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.  The SEC also maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and other information regarding issuers that file electronically.  Such information can be accessed through the Internet at www.sec.gov.

 

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

 

There are inherent risks and uncertainties associated with all businesses that could adversely affect operating performances or financial conditions. The following discussion outlines the risks and uncertainties that management believes are the most material to our business. However, these are not the only risks or uncertainties that could affect our business. Certain risks are associated specifically with our business, industry or customer base, while others have a broader effect.

 

The demand for certain products we produce may be cyclical.

 

Demand in our end-use markets, including companies in the aerospace and defense, energy, transportation, medical and industrial and consumer markets, can be cyclical in nature and sensitive to general economic conditions, competitive influences and fluctuations in inventory levels throughout the supply chain. As a result, our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and availability of credit could fluctuate significantly from period to period.

 

A significant portion of our sales represents products sold to customers in the commercial aerospace and defense and energy markets. The cyclicality of those markets can adversely affect our current business and our expansion objectives.

 

The commercial aerospace and defense market is historically cyclical due to both external and internal market factors. These factors include general economic conditions, airline profitability, consumer demand for air travel, varying fuel and labor costs, price competition and international and domestic political conditions such as military conflict and the threat of terrorism. The length and degree of cyclical fluctuation can be influenced by any one or combination of these factors and therefore are difficult to predict with certainty. A downturn in the commercial aerospace and defense industry would adversely affect the demand for our products and/or the prices at which we are able to sell our products, and our results of operations and business and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

 

The energy market has also been historically cyclical, principally as a result of volatile oil prices that impact demand for our products. Our future success requires us to, among other things, expand in key international energy markets by successfully adding to our customer base, distribution channels and product portfolio. The volatility of oil prices and other factors that contribute to the cyclicality of the energy market will impact our ability to expand successfully in this area. If we are not able to be successful in this regard, our results of operations and business and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

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Any significant delay or inability to successfully expand our operations in a timely and cost effective manner could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

We are undertaking projects associated with the next major increment of our premium products capability, including our state-of-the-art manufacturing facility focused on premium products.  These projects place a significant demand on management and operational resources. Our success in expanding our operations in a cost effective manner will depend upon numerous factors including the ability of management to ensure the necessary resources are in place to properly execute these projects, our ability to obtain the necessary internal and customer qualifications to produce material from the facility and our ability to operate the facility to maximize the potential opportunities with minimal impacts to our existing operations. If we are not able to achieve the anticipated results from our capital expansion projects, or if we incur unanticipated excess costs, our results of operations and financial position may be materially adversely affected.

 

Periods of reduced demand and excess supply as well as the availability of substitute lower cost materials can adversely affect our ability to price and sell our products at the profitability levels we require to be successful.

 

Additional worldwide capacity and reduced demand for our products could significantly impact future worldwide pricing which would adversely impact our results of operations and financial condition. In addition, continued availability of lower cost, substitute materials may also cause significant fluctuations in future results as our customers opt for a lower cost alternative.

 

We change prices on our products as we deem necessary. In addition to the above general competitive impact, other market conditions and various economic factors beyond our control can adversely affect the timing of our pricing actions. The effects of any pricing actions may be delayed due to long manufacturing lead times or the terms of existing contracts. There is no guarantee that the pricing actions we implement will be effective in maintaining the Company’s profit margin levels.

 

We rely on third parties to supply certain raw materials that are critical to the manufacture of our products and we may not be able to access alternative sources of these raw materials if the suppliers are unwilling or unable to meet our demand.

 

Costs of certain critical raw material, such as nickel, cobalt, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, titanium, iron and scrap containing iron and nickel have been volatile due to factors beyond our control. We are able to mitigate most of the adverse impact of rising raw material costs through raw material surcharges, indices to customers and raw material forward contracts, but changes in business conditions could adversely affect our ability to recover rapid increases in raw material costs and may adversely affect our results of operations.

 

In addition, the availability of these critical raw materials is subject to factors that are not in our control. In some cases, these critical raw materials are purchased from suppliers operating in countries that may be subject to unstable political and economic conditions.  At any given time, we may be unable to obtain an adequate supply of these critical raw materials on a timely basis, at prices and other terms acceptable to us, or at all.

 

If suppliers increase the price of critical raw materials or are unwilling or unable to meet our demand, we may not have alternative sources of supply. In addition, to the extent that we have quoted prices to customers and accepted customer orders for products prior to purchasing necessary raw materials, or have existing contracts, we may be unable to raise the price of products to cover all or part of the increased cost of the raw materials to our customers.

 

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The manufacture of some of our products is a complex process and requires long lead times. As a result, we may experience delays or shortages in the supply of raw materials. If unable to obtain adequate and timely deliveries of required raw materials, we may be unable to timely manufacture sufficient quantities of products. This could cause us to lose sales, incur additional costs, delay new product introductions or suffer harm to our reputation.

 

New regulations related to conflict minerals could adversely impact our business.

 

The SEC has promulgated final rules mandated by the Dodd-Frank Act regarding disclosure of the use of tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold, known as conflict minerals, in products manufactured by public companies.  These new rules require due diligence to determine whether such minerals originated from the Democratic Republic of Congo (the “DRC”) or an adjoining country and whether such minerals helped finance the armed conflict in the DRC.  The Company timely filed its first annual conflict minerals report required by the new rules by May 31, 2014. There will be costs associated with complying with these disclosure requirements going forward, including costs to determine the origin of conflict minerals used in our products. In addition, the implementation of these rules could adversely affect the sourcing, supply and pricing of materials used in our products.  Also, we may face disqualification as a supplier for customers and reputational challenges if the due diligences procedures we continue to implement do not enable us to verify the origins for all conflict minerals or to determine that such minerals are DRC conflict-free.

 

We provide benefits to active and retired employees throughout most of our Company, most of which are not covered by insurance; and thus, our financial condition can be adversely affected if our investment returns are insufficient to meet these obligations.

 

We have obligations to provide substantial benefits to active and retired employees, and most of the associated costs are paid by the Company and are not covered by insurance. In addition, certain employees are covered by defined benefit pension plans, with the majority of our plans covering employees in the United States. Many domestic and international competitors do not provide defined benefit plans and/or retiree health care plans, and other international competitors operate in jurisdictions with government sponsored health care plans that may offer them a cost advantage.  A decline in the value of plan investments in the future, an increase in costs or liabilities or unfavorable changes in laws or regulations that govern pension plan funding could materially change the timing and amount of required pension funding. A requirement to accelerate or increase pension contributions in the future could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

The extensive environmental, health and safety regulatory regimes applicable to our manufacturing operations create the potential exposure to significant liabilities.

 

The nature of our manufacturing business subjects our operations to numerous and varied federal, state, local and international laws and regulations relating to pollution, protection of public health and the environment, natural resource damages and occupational safety and health. We have used, and currently use and manufacture, substantial quantities of substances that are considered hazardous, extremely hazardous or toxic under worker safety and health laws and regulations. Although we implement controls and procedures designed to reduce continuing risk of adverse impacts and health and safety issues, we could incur substantial cleanup costs, fines and civil or criminal sanctions, third party property damage or personal injury claims as a result of violations, non-compliance or liabilities under these regulatory regimes required at our facilities.

 

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We have environmental remediation liabilities at some of our owned operating facilities and have been designated as a potentially responsible party (“PRP”) with respect to certain third party Superfund or similar waste disposal sites and other third party owned sites. Additionally, we have been notified that we may be a PRP with respect to other Superfund sites as to which no proceedings have been instituted against us. From time to time, we are a party to lawsuits and other proceedings involving alleged violations of, or liabilities arising from, environmental laws.

 

When our liability is probable and we can reasonably estimate our costs, we record environmental liabilities in our financial statements. However, in many cases, we are not able to determine whether we are liable, or if liability is probable, in order to reasonably estimate the loss or range of loss which could result from such environmental liabilities. Estimates of our liability remain subject to additional uncertainties, including the nature and extent of site contamination, available remediation alternatives, the extent of corrective actions that may be required, and the number and financial condition of other PRP’s, as well as the extent of their responsibility for the remediation. We adjust our accruals to reflect new information as appropriate. Future adjustments could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations in a given period, but we cannot reliably predict the amounts of such future adjustments. Future developments, administrative actions or liabilities relating to environmental matters could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Our manufacturing processes, and the manufacturing processes of many of our suppliers and customers, are energy intensive and generate carbon dioxide and other “Greenhouse Gases”, and pending legislation or regulation of Greenhouse Gases, if enacted or adopted in an onerous form, could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

 

Political and scientific debates related to the impacts of emissions of greenhouse gases on the global climate are prevalent. Regulation or some form of legislation aimed at reducing the greenhouse gas emissions is currently being considered both in the United States and globally.  As a specialty alloy manufacturer, we will be affected, both directly and indirectly, if proposed climate change legislation, such as use of a “cap and trade”, is enacted. Such legislation could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

 

Product liability and product quality claims could adversely affect our operating results.

 

We produce ultra high-strength, high temperature and corrosion-resistant alloys designed for our customers’ demanding applications particularly in our aerospace and defense, energy and medical end-use markets. Failure of the materials that are included in our customers’ applications could give rise to substantial product liability claims. There can be no assurance that our insurance coverage will be adequate or continue to be available on terms acceptable to us.  We have a complex manufacturing process necessary to meet our customers’ stringent product specifications. We are also required to adhere to various third party quality certifications and perform sufficient internal quality reviews to ensure compliance with established standards. If we fail to meet the customer specifications for their products, we may be subject to product quality costs and claims. These costs are generally not insured. The impacts of product liability and quality claims could have a material adverse impact on the results of our operations, financial condition and cash flows.

 

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Our business subjects us to risks of litigation claims, as a routine matter, and this risk increases the potential for a loss that might not be covered by insurance.

 

Litigation claims relate to the conduct of our currently and formerly owned businesses, including claims pertaining to product liability, commercial disputes, employment actions, employee benefits, compliance with domestic and federal laws, personal injury, patent infringement and tax issues. Due to the uncertainties of litigation, we can give no assurance that we will prevail on claims made against us in the lawsuits that we currently face or that additional claims will not be made against us in the future. The outcome of litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, and some of these lawsuits, claims or proceedings may be determined adversely to us.  The resolution in any reporting period of one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations for that period. We can give no assurance that any other matters brought in the future will not have a material effect on our financial condition, liquidity or results of operations.

 

A portion of our workforce is covered by a collective bargaining agreement and union attempts to organize our other employees may cause work interruptions or stoppages.

 

Approximately 120 production employees at our Dynamet business unit located in Washington, PA are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.  This agreement expires in August 2016.  Approximately 430 production employees at our Latrobe business unit located in Latrobe, Pennsylvania are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.  This agreement expires in August 2017.  There can be no assurance that we will succeed in concluding collective bargaining agreements with the unions to replace those that expire. From time to time, the employees at our manufacturing facility in Reading, Pennsylvania, participate in election campaigns or union organizing attempts. There is no guarantee that future organization attempts will not result in union representation.

 

Our manufacturing processes are complex and depend upon critical, high cost equipment for which there may be only limited or no production alternatives.

 

It is possible that we could experience prolonged periods of reduced production due to unplanned equipment failures, and we could incur significant repair or replacement costs in the event of those failures.  It is also possible that operations could be disrupted due to other unforeseen circumstances such as power outages, explosions, fires, floods, accidents and severe weather conditions.  We must make regular, substantial capital investments and changes to our manufacturing processes to lower production costs, improve productivity, manufacture new or improved products and remain competitive. We may not be in a position to take advantage of business opportunities or respond to competitive pressures if we fail to update, replace or make additions to our equipment or our manufacturing processes in a timely manner.  The cost to repair or replace much of our equipment or facilities would be significant.  We cannot be certain that we will have sufficient internally generated cash or acceptable external financing to make necessary capital expenditures in the future.

 

A significant portion of our manufacturing and production facilities are located in Reading and Latrobe, Pennsylvania and Limestone County, Alabama, which increases our exposure to significant disruption to our business as a result of unforeseeable developments in a these geographic areas.

 

It is possible that we could experience prolonged periods of reduced production due to unforeseen catastrophic events occurring in or around our manufacturing facilities in Reading and Latrobe, Pennsylvania and Limestone County, Alabama. As a result, we may be unable to shift manufacturing capabilities to alternate locations, accept materials from suppliers, meet customer shipment needs or address other severe consequences that may be encountered.  Our financial condition and results of our operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

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We rely on third parties to supply energy consumed at each of our energy-intensive production facilities.

 

The prices for and availability of electricity, natural gas, oil and other energy resources are subject to volatile market conditions. These market conditions often are affected by political and economic factors beyond our control. Disruptions or lack of availability in the supply of energy resources could temporarily impair the ability to operate our production facilities. Further, increases in energy costs, or changes in costs relative to energy costs paid by competitors, has affected and may continue to adversely affect our profitability. To the extent that these uncertainties cause suppliers and customers to be more cost sensitive, increased energy prices may have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

We consider acquisition, joint ventures and other business combination opportunities, as well as possible business unit dispositions, as part of our overall business strategy, which opportunities involve uncertainties and potential risks that we cannot predict or anticipate fully.

 

From time to time, management holds discussions with management of other companies to explore such aforementioned opportunities. As a result, the relative makeup of the businesses comprising our Company is subject to change. Acquisitions, joint ventures and other business combinations involve various inherent risks. Such risks include difficulties in integrating the operations, technologies, products and personnel of the acquired companies, diversion of management’s attention from existing operations, difficulties in entering markets in which we have limited or no direct prior experience, dependence on unfamiliar supply chains, insufficient revenues to offset increased expenses associated with acquisitions, loss of key employees of the acquired companies, inaccurate assessment of undisclosed liabilities, difficulties in realizing projected efficiencies, synergies and cost savings, and increases in our debt or limitation on our ability to access additional capital when needed.

 

Our business may be impacted by external factors that we may not be able to control.

 

War, civil conflict, terrorism, natural disasters and public health issues including domestic or international pandemic have caused and could cause damage or disruption to domestic or international commerce by creating economic or political uncertainties. Additionally, the volatility in the financial markets could negatively impact our business. These events could result in a decrease in demand for our products, affect the availability of the credit facilities to us, our customers or other members of the supply chain necessary to transact business, make it difficult or impossible to deliver orders to customers or receive materials from suppliers, affect the availability or pricing of energy sources or result in other severe consequences that may or may not be predictable. As a result, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

We believe that international sales, which are associated with various risks, will continue to account for a significant percentage of our future revenues.

 

Risks associated with international sales include without limitation: political and economic instability, including weak conditions in the world’s economies; difficulty in collecting accounts receivable;  unstable or unenforced export controls; changes in legal and regulatory requirements; policy changes affecting the markets for our products; changes in tax laws and tariffs; and exchange rate fluctuations (which may affect sales to international customers and the value of profits earned on international sales when converted into dollars). In addition, we will need to invest in building our capabilities and infrastructure to meet our international growth goals. Any of these factors could materially adversely affect our results for the period in which they occur.

 

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We value most of our inventory using the LIFO method, which could be repealed resulting in adverse effects on our cash flows and financial condition.

 

The cost of our inventories is primarily determined using the Last-In First-Out (“LIFO”) method. Under the LIFO inventory valuation method, changes in the cost of raw materials and production activities are recognized in cost of sales in the current period even though these materials and other costs may have been incurred at significantly different values due to the length of time of our production cycle. Generally in a period of rising prices, LIFO recognizes higher costs of goods sold, which both reduces current income and assigns a lower value to the year-end inventory.  Recent proposals have been initiated aimed at repealing the election to use the LIFO method for income tax purposes. According to these proposals, generally taxpayers that currently use the LIFO method would be required to revalue their LIFO inventory to its first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) value. As of June 30, 2014, if the FIFO method of inventory had been used instead of the LIFO method, our inventories would have been about $196 million higher. This increase in inventory would result in a one-time increase in taxable income which would be taken into account over the following several taxable years. The repeal of LIFO could result in a substantial tax liability which could adversely impact our cash flows and financial condition.

 

We depend on the retention of key personnel.

 

Much of our future success depends on the continued service and availability of skilled personnel, including members of our executive management team, management, metallurgists and production positions. The loss of key personnel could adversely affect our ability to perform until suitable replacements are found.

 

We could be adversely impacted if our information technology (“IT”) and computer systems do not perform properly or if we fail to protect the integrity of confidential data.

 

Management relies on IT infrastructure, including hardware, network, software, people and processes, to provide useful information to conduct our business and support assessments and conclusions about operating performance. Our inability to produce relevant and/or reliable measures of operating performance in an efficient, cost-effective and well-controlled fashion may have significant negative impacts on our future operations. In addition, any material failure, interruption of service, or compromised data security could adversely affect our operations. Security breaches in our information technology could result in theft, destruction, loss, misappropriation or release of confidential data or intellectual property which could adversely impact our future results.

 

The carrying value of goodwill and other intangible assets may not be recoverable.

 

Goodwill and other intangible assets are recorded at fair value on the date of acquisition. We review these assets at least annually for impairment. Impairment may result from, among other things, deterioration in performance, adverse market conditions, adverse changes in applicable laws or regulations and a variety of other factors. Any future impairment of goodwill or other intangible assets could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

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Item 2.  Properties

 

The locations of our primary domestic manufacturing plants are: Reading, Pennsylvania; Hartsville, South Carolina; Washington, Pennsylvania; Orangeburg, South Carolina; Bridgeville, Pennsylvania; Orwigsburg, Pennsylvania; Clearwater, Florida; Elyria, Ohio; Woonsocket, Rhode Island; Latrobe, Pennsylvania; Franklin, Pennsylvania; Wauseon, Ohio; Limestone County, Alabama and Tyler, Texas.  The Reading, Hartsville, Washington, Orangeburg, Bridgeville, Orwigsburg, Elyria, Woonsocket, Latrobe, Franklin, Wauseon, Limestone County and Tyler plants are owned.  The Clearwater plant is owned, but the land is leased.

 

The locations of our primary domestic leased warehouses and service centers are:  Houston, Texas; San Antonio, Texas; Tyler, Texas; Midland, Texas; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Casper, Wyoming; Lafayette, Louisiana; West Alexander, Pennsylvania; Vienna, Ohio; Chicago, Illinois; Pinehurst, Texas and Mobile, Alabama. The service centers in White House, Tennessee and Northborough, Massachusetts are owned.

 

We also own or lease facilities in a number of foreign countries, including Sweden, Canada, Singapore, China, Mexico, India, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and Belgium.

 

Our corporate offices, located in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, are leased.

 

Our plants, customer service centers, and distribution centers were acquired or leased at various times over several years.  There is an active maintenance program to ensure a safe operating environment and to keep facilities in good condition.  In addition, we have had an active capital spending program to replace equipment as needed to keep it technologically competitive on a world-wide basis.  We believe our facilities are in good condition and suitable for our business needs.

 

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we are a party to lawsuits and other proceedings involving alleged violations of, or liabilities arising from, environmental laws.  We have environmental remediation liabilities at some of our owned operating facilities and have been designated as a potentially responsible party (“PRP”) with respect to certain third party Superfund or similar waste disposal sites and other third party owned sites. Additionally, we have been notified that we may be a PRP with respect to other Superfund sites as to which no proceedings have been instituted against us.  Estimates of the amount and timing of future costs of environmental remediation requirements are inherently imprecise because of the continuing evolution of environmental laws and regulatory requirements, the availability and application of technology, the identification of currently unknown remediation sites and the allocation of costs among the PRP’s.  Based upon information currently available, such future costs are not expected to have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows over the long-term. However, such costs could be material to our financial position, results of operations or cash flows in a particular future quarter or year.

 

In addition, from time to time, we are a party to certain routine claims and legal actions and other contingent liabilities incident to the normal course of business which pertain to litigation, product claims, commercial disputes, employment actions, employee benefits, compliance with domestic and foreign laws, personal injury claims, patent infringement and tax issues.  Based on information currently available, the ultimate resolution of our known contingencies, individually or in the aggregate and including the matters described in Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements in this Form 10-K, is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our financial position, liquidity or results of operations.  However, there can be no assurance that an increase in the scope of pending matters or that any future lawsuits, claims, proceedings or investigations will not be material to our financial position, results of operations or cash flows in a particular future quarter or year.

 

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Table of Contents

 

See the “Contingencies” section included in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation”, and the “Contingencies and Commitments” section included in Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, included in this Form 10-K, the contents of which are incorporated by reference to this Item 3.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4A.  Executive Officers of the Registrant

 

Listed below are the names of our corporate executive officers, including those required to be listed as executive officers for Securities and Exchange Commission purposes, each of whom assumes office after the annual organization meeting of the Board of Directors which immediately follows the Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

William A. Wulfsohn was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer effective July 1, 2010. Mr. Wulfsohn has served as a Director for the Company since April 2009. Mr. Wulfsohn most recently served as Senior Vice President, Industrial Coatings at PPG Industries, a Fortune 200 company with more than $12 billion in annual revenues. Prior to joining PPG Industries, Mr. Wulfsohn served as Vice President and General Manager for Honeywell International. Previously, Mr. Wulfsohn worked for Morton International/Rohm & Haas, beginning as a director of marketing and culminating as Vice President and Business Director.

 

Tony R. Thene was appointed Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer effective January 31, 2013.  Mr. Thene joined Carpenter after 23 years with Alcoa Inc., a leading producer of primary and fabricated aluminum. Mostly recently, Mr. Thene was the Chief Financial Officer for Alcoa’s Engineered Products and Solutions business.

 

David L. Strobel was appointed Senior Vice President — Global Operations effective September 2, 2010. Since joining Carpenter in 1983, Mr. Strobel has held numerous positions of increasing responsibility, including Vice President — Manufacturing and most recently serving as Vice President — Technology.

 

Andrew T. Ziolkowski was appointed Senior Vice President — Commercial, Specialty Alloys Operations effective January 9, 2013. Mr. Ziolkowski’ s promotion follows a special assignment as head of integration and operations of Latrobe Specialty Metals, which was acquired by Carpenter in February 2012. Since joining Carpenter in 1989, Mr. Ziolkowski has held numerous positions of increasing responsibility, including Vice President — Bar & Coil Products, Vice President — Strip Products Business and Controller — Specialty Alloys Operations.

 

Gary Heasley was appointed Senior Vice President — Performance Engineered Products effective July 22, 2013.  Mr. Heasley joined Carpenter after 8 years with Steel Dynamics Inc., one of the largest domestic steel companies.  Mr. Heasley served as Executive Vice President, Strategic Planning and Business Development, and President of Steel Dynamics’ subsidiary, New Millennium Buildings Systems.  Prior to joining Steel Dynamics Inc. in 2005, Mr. Heasley spent three years as Senior Vice President and Manager, Metals Group for KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc./McDonald Investments.

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assumed

 

 

 

 

 

 

Present

Name

 

Age

 

Position

 

Position

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

William A. Wulfsohn

 

52

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

Director

 

July 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tony R. Thene

 

53

 

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

January 2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

David L. Strobel

 

53

 

Senior Vice President — Global Operations

 

September 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrew T. Ziolkowski

 

49

 

Senior Vice President — Commercial, Specialty Alloys Operations

 

January 2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gary Heasley

 

49

 

Senior Vice President — Performance Engineered Products

 

July 2013

 

PART II

 

Item 5.  Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) and traded under the symbol “CRS”. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low prices for our common stock as reported by the NYSE.

 

 

 

Fiscal Year 2014

 

Fiscal Year 2013

 

Quarter Ended:

 

High

 

Low

 

High

 

Low

 

September 30,

 

$

60.01

 

$

45.15

 

$

55.70

 

$

44.11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31,

 

$

62.95

 

$

57.41

 

$

54.14

 

$

44.81

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

$

66.54

 

$

55.45

 

$

54.00

 

$

45.69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

$

67.00

 

$

61.00

 

$

49.16

 

$

43.77

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual

 

$

67.00

 

$

45.15

 

$

55.70

 

$

43.77

 

 

The range of our common stock price on the NYSE from July 1, 2014 to August 14, 2014 was $52.51 to $64.69.  The closing price of the common stock was $54.06 on August 14, 2014.

 

We have paid quarterly cash dividends on our common stock for over 100 consecutive years. We paid a quarterly dividend of $0.18 per common share during each quarter of fiscal years 2014 and 2013.

 

As of August 14, 2014, there were 2,526 common stockholders of record.

 

Information regarding Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans is set forth Item 12 hereto “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters”.

 

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Cumulative Total Stockholder Return

 

The graph below compares the cumulative total stockholder return on our common stock to the cumulative total return of the S&P MidCap 400 Index, our New Peer Group and our Old Peer Group for each of the last five fiscal years ended June 30, 2014. The cumulative total return assumes an investment of $100 on June 30, 2009 and the reinvestment of any dividends during the period. The S&P MidCap 400 Index is the most widely used index for mid-sized companies. The Companies in our old Peer Group are: Allegheny Technologies, Inc., Daido Steel Company Limited, Gloria Material Technology Corp., Haynes International Inc., RTI International Metals Inc., Sandvik AB, Steel Dynamics Inc., The Timken Company, AK Steel Holding Corp., Hexcel Corp., Kennametal Inc., Precision Castparts Corp., Reliance Steel and Aluminum Company, Schmolz + Bickenbach AG, Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Voestalpine AG and Worthington Industries Inc. Our new peer group consists of the Companies in the Russell Materials and Processing Growth Index. We believe the companies included in our New Peer Group, taken as a whole, provide a more meaningful comparison in terms of product offerings, markets served, competition and other relevant factors.  The total stockholder return for the peer group is weighted according to the respective issuer’s stock market capitalization at the beginning of each period.

 

 

 

 

6/09

 

6/10

 

6/11

 

6/12

 

6/13

 

6/14

 

Carpenter Technology Corporation

 

100.00

 

162.19

 

290.30

 

244.14

 

233.32

 

331.42

 

S&P Midcap 400

 

100.00

 

124.93

 

174.13

 

170.07

 

212.90

 

266.63

 

Russell Materials & Processing Growth

 

100.00

 

128.72

 

188.95

 

169.24

 

210.11

 

271.00

 

Old Peer Group

 

100.00

 

129.04

 

202.78

 

162.35

 

194.06

 

234.36

 

 

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Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

None.

 

Item 6.  Selected Financial Data

 

Five-Year Financial Summary

$ in millions, except per share data

(Fiscal years ended June 30,)

 

 

 

2014

 

2013(a)

 

2012(a)(b)

 

2011(c)

 

2010

 

Summary of Operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

2,028.7

 

$

1,675.1

 

$

1,198.6

 

Operating income

 

$

212.0

 

$

232.7

 

$

210.1

 

$

96.4

 

$

11.7

 

Net income

 

$

132.8

 

$

146.5

 

$

121.6

 

$

71.7

 

$

2.1

 

Net income attributable to Carpenter

 

$

132.8

 

$

146.1

 

$

121.2

 

$

71.0

 

$

2.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Position at Year-End:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

120.0

 

$

257.5

 

$

211.0

 

$

492.5

 

$

265.4

 

Marketable securities, current

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

30.5

 

$

105.2

 

Total assets

 

$

3,056.5

 

$

2,882.9

 

$

2,627.8

 

$

1,991.9

 

$

1,583.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term obligations, net of current portion

 

$

604.3

 

$

604.2

 

$

305.9

 

$

407.8

 

$

259.6

 

Per Common Share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net earnings:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

2.48

 

$

2.75

 

$

2.55

 

$

1.59

 

$

0.04

 

Diluted

 

$

2.47

 

$

2.73

 

$

2.53

 

$

1.59

 

$

0.04

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividend-common

 

$

0.72

 

$

0.72

 

$

0.72

 

$

0.72

 

$

0.72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

53.3

 

52.9

 

47.1

 

44.1

 

43.9

 

Diluted

 

53.6

 

53.2

 

47.5

 

44.7

 

44.4

 

 


(a)         The weighted average common shares outstanding for fiscal years 2013 and 2012 included an additional 8.1 million and 2.7 million, respectively, shares issued in connection with the Latrobe acquisition.

 

(b)         Fiscal year 2012 included $11.7 million of acquisition-related costs incurred in connection with the Latrobe Acquisition that was consummated on February 29, 2012 and more fully discussed in Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.

 

(c)          Fiscal year 2011 included $2.4 million of Latrobe acquisition-related costs and $0.7 million of Amega West acquisition-related costs incurred in connection with the Latrobe and Amega West Acquisitions.

 

See Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for discussion of factors that affect the comparability of the “Selected Financial Data”.

 

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Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Background and General

 

Our discussions below in this Item 7 should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto, included in this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

We are engaged in the manufacturing, fabrication, and distribution of specialty metals.  We primarily process basic raw materials such as nickel, cobalt, titanium, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, iron scrap and other metal alloying elements through various melting, hot forming and cold working facilities to produce finished products in the form of billet, bar, rod, wire and narrow strip in many sizes and finishes.  We also produce certain metal powders.  Our sales are distributed directly from our production plants and distribution network as well as through independent distributors. Unlike many other specialty steel producers, we operate our own worldwide network of service and distribution centers. These service and distribution centers, located in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Europe and Asia allow us to work more closely with customers and to offer various just-in-time stocking programs. We also manufacture and rent down-hole drilling tools and components used in the oil and gas industry.

 

In fiscal year 2014 we completed the construction of a new 400,000 square foot state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Limestone County, Alabama in response to anticipated strong customer demand for premium products primarily in the fast-growing aerospace and defense and energy industries. We produced 1,000 tons of saleable products in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014 and are making progress on internal and customer qualifications.  We ultimately expect the facility will be capable of producing approximately 27,000 tons per year of  premium products in the future.  The new facility includes forge, remelting and associated finishing and testing capabilities and will play a key role in further developing our capabilities in the production of our premium products.

 

As part of our overall business strategy, we have sought out and considered opportunities related to strategic acquisitions and joint collaborations as well as possible business unit dispositions aimed at broadening our offering to the marketplace. We have participated with other companies to explore potential terms and structure of such opportunities and we expect that we will continue to evaluate these opportunities.

 

Business Trends

 

Selected financial results for the past three fiscal years are summarized below:

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

($ in millions, except per share data)

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

Net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

2,028.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales excluding surcharges (1)

 

$

1,782.8

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

1,569.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income excluding pension earnings, interest and deferrals (“pension EID”) expense(1)

 

$

233.8

 

$

264.6

 

$

225.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

132.8

 

$

146.5

 

$

121.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

2.47

 

$

2.73

 

$

2.53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, equipment and software

 

$

349.2

 

$

310.2

 

$

157.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Free cash flow (1)

 

$

(147.8

)

$

(159.3

)

$

(58.8

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pounds sold (in thousands) (2)

 

290,388

 

273,724

 

235,532

 

 

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(1)  See the section “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for further discussion of these financial measures.

 

(2)  Includes specialty and titanium alloys, stainless steel and powder materials.

 

Our sales are across a diversified list of end-use markets.  The table below summarizes our estimated sales by market over the past three fiscal years:

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

($ in millions)

 

Dollars

 

% of
Total

 

Dollars

 

% of
Total

 

Dollars

 

% of
Total

 

Aerospace and defense

 

$

980.7

 

45

%

$

1,067.0

 

47

%

$

901.2

 

44

%

Industrial and consumer

 

481.6

 

22

 

474.3

 

21

 

478.1

 

24

 

Energy

 

310.4

 

14

 

337.3

 

15

 

287.0

 

14

 

Transportation

 

150.1

 

7

 

138.8

 

6

 

142.2

 

7

 

Medical

 

112.6

 

5

 

113.2

 

5

 

141.1

 

7

 

Distribution

 

137.6

 

6

 

141.1

 

6

 

79.1

 

4

 

Total net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

100

%

$

2,271.7

 

100

%

$

2,028.7

 

100

%

 

The table below shows our net sales by major product class for the past three fiscal years:

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

 

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

($ in millions)

 

Dollars

 

% of
Total

 

Dollars

 

% of
Total

 

Dollars

 

% of
Total

 

Special alloys

 

$

917.0

 

42

%

$

989.9

 

43

%

$

931.4

 

47

%

Stainless steels

 

643.6

 

30

 

638.8

 

28

 

637.3

 

31

 

Alloy and tool steel

 

240.4

 

11

 

255.7

 

11

 

108.6

 

5

 

Titanium products

 

157.7

 

7

 

155.0

 

7

 

156.6

 

8

 

Powder metals

 

48.6

 

2

 

60.4

 

3

 

64.3

 

3

 

Distribution and other

 

165.7

 

8

 

171.9

 

8

 

130.5

 

6

 

Total net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

100

%

$

2,271.7

 

100

%

$

2,028.7

 

100

%

 

Impact of Raw Material Prices and Product Mix

 

We value most of our inventory utilizing the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) inventory costing methodology. Under the LIFO inventory costing method, changes in the cost of raw materials and production activities are recognized in cost of sales in the current period even though these materials may have been acquired at potentially significantly different values due to the length of time from the acquisition of the raw materials to the sale of the processed finished goods to the customers. In a period of rising raw material costs, the LIFO inventory valuation normally results in higher costs of sales. Conversely, in a period of decreasing raw material costs, the LIFO inventory valuation normally results in lower costs of sales.

 

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Table of Contents

 

The volatility of the costs of raw materials has impacted our operations over the past several years.  We, and others in our industry, generally have been able to pass cost increases on major raw materials through to our customers using surcharges that are structured to recover increases in raw material costs.  Generally, the formula used to calculate a surcharge is based on published prices of the respective raw materials for the previous month which correlates to the prices we pay for our raw material purchases. However, a portion of our surcharges to customers may be calculated using a different surcharge formula, which creates a lag between surcharge revenue and corresponding raw material costs recognized in costs of sales.  The surcharge mechanism protects our net income on such sales except for the lag effect discussed above. However, surcharges have had a dilutive effect on our gross margin and operating margin percentages as described later in this report.

 

Approximately 25 percent of our net sales are sales to customers under firm price sales arrangements. Firm price sales arrangements involve a risk of profit margin fluctuations, particularly when raw material prices are volatile.  In order to reduce the risk of fluctuating profit margins on these sales, we enter into commodity forward contracts to purchase certain critical raw materials necessary to produce the related products sold.  Firm price sales arrangements generally include certain annual purchasing commitments and consumption schedules agreed to by the customers at selling prices based on raw material prices at the time the arrangements are established. If a customer fails to meet the volume commitments (or the consumption schedule deviates from the agreed-upon terms of the firm price sales arrangements), the Company may need to absorb the gains or losses associated with the commodity forward contracts on a temporary basis. Gains or losses associated with commodity forward contracts are reclassified to earnings/loss when earnings are impacted by the hedged transaction. Because we value most of our inventory under the LIFO costing methodology, changes in the cost of raw materials and production activities are recognized in cost of sales in the current period attempting to match the most recently incurred costs with revenues. Gains or losses on the commodity forward contracts are reclassified from other comprehensive income together with the actual purchase price of the underlying commodities when the underlying commodities are purchased and recorded in inventory. To the extent that the total purchase price of the commodities, inclusive of the gains or losses on the commodity forward contracts, are higher or lower relative to the beginning of year costs, our costs of goods sold reflect such amounts.  Accordingly, the gains and/or losses associated with commodity forward contracts may not impact the same period that the firm price sales arrangements revenue is recognized, and comparisons of gross profit from period to period may be impacted. These firm price sales arrangements are expected to continue as we look to strengthen our long-term customer relationships by expanding, renewing and in certain cases extending to a longer term, our customer long-term arrangements.

 

We produce hundreds of grades of materials, with a wide range of pricing and profit levels depending on the grade.  In addition, our product mix within a period is subject to the fluctuating order patterns of our customers as well as decisions we may make on participation in certain products based on available capacity including the impacts of capacity commitments we may have under existing customer agreements.  While we expect to see positive contribution from a more favorable product mix in our margin performance over time, the impact by period may fluctuate, and period-to-period comparisons may vary.

 

Net Pension Expense

 

Net pension expense, as we define it below, includes the net periodic benefit costs related to both our pension and other postretirement plans. The net periodic benefit costs are determined annually based on beginning of year balances and are recorded ratably throughout the fiscal year, unless a significant re-measurement event occurs.  The following is a summary of the of net periodic benefit costs for the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013 and 2012:

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

Years Ended June 30,

 

($ in millions)

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

Pension plans

 

$

49.0

 

$

59.5

 

$

38.3

 

Other postretirement plans

 

11.1

 

9.3

 

3.8

 

Net periodic benefit costs

 

$

60.1

 

$

68.8

 

$

42.1

 

 

The service cost component of net pension expense represents the estimated cost of future pension liabilities earned associated with active employees. The pension earnings, interest and deferrals (“pension EID”) expense is comprised of the expected return on plan assets, interest costs on the projected benefit obligations of the plans and amortization of actuarial gains and losses and prior service costs.

 

Net pension expense is recorded in accounts that are included in both the cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses based on the function of the associated employees.  The following is a summary of the classification of net pension expense for the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013 and 2012:

 

 

 

Years Ended June 30,

 

($ in millions)

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

Cost of sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

 

$

28.2

 

$

28.8

 

$

21.0

 

Pension earnings, interest and deferrals

 

14.2

 

22.9

 

10.2

 

 

 

$

42.4

 

$

51.7

 

$

31.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

 

$

7.9

 

$

8.1

 

$

5.7

 

Pension earnings, interest and deferrals

 

7.6

 

9.0

 

5.2

 

 

 

$

15.5

 

$

17.1

 

$

10.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net pension expense

 

$

57.9

 

$

68.8

 

$

42.1

 

 

Historically, we capitalized only the service cost component of net pension expense related to manufacturing employees. Beginning in the quarter ended December 31, 2013, we began to capitalize the portion of pension EID expense related to current manufacturing employees in inventory. The impact of this change resulted in a reduction of pension EID expense of $2.2 million during the quarter ended December 31, 2013. The tables above include the impact of making this change during the quarter ended December 31, 2013 and as such pension EID expense included in cost of sales was reduced by $2.2 million. We will continue to expense the portion of pension EID expense related to inactive manufacturing employees as a period cost in cost of sales. For the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013 and 2012, the amount of pension EID expense included in cost of sales related to inactive manufacturing employees was $9.5 million, $13.3 million and $6.1 million, respectively. The amounts included in the net pension expense table above do not include the impact of any amounts capitalized in beginning and ending inventories except for the impact of the $2.2 million additional pension expense capitalized in inventory discussed above. As of June 30, 2014 and 2013, amounts capitalized in gross inventory were $9.2 million and $8.7 million, respectively.

 

Operating Performance Overview

 

For the three years leading up to fiscal year 2014 we increased earnings before adjusted interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (Adjusted “EBITDA”) an average of $91 million per year. Fiscal year 2014 proved to be a challenge. Our sales mix was negatively impacted by weak demand for the ultra-premium products used in our key end use markets of aerospace and energy. In this context, we responded to the areas we could impact. More specifically, we grew volume in medical, transportation and industrial and consumer markets, we lowered our Specialty Alloys Operations variable cost per ton, improved the trajectory of our Performance Engineered Products business and reduced our selling, general and administrative expenses by 7 percent. The net result was that we delivered $382 million of Adjusted EBITDA, a decrease of 6 percent as compared to the prior year.

 

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Table of Contents

 

During fiscal year 2014 we completed some important strategic growth enabling initiatives in the following areas:

 

·                  We completed the construction and start-up of our new Limestone County, Alabama facility.  The facility produced 1,000 saleable tons primarily for the aerospace and energy markets in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2014.  This facility will support growing demand from our customers while opening up opportunities in new markets.  We are making progress on internal and customer qualifications.

 

·                  We completed a superalloy powders multi-level agreement with Pratt & Whitney which includes a technical assistance agreement and long-term powder supply agreement.  As a result of the agreement we began construction of a superalloy powder facility in Limestone County, Alabama.

 

·                  Due to the steady increases in customer demand for titanium fastener material, we added titanium wire line capacity.

 

·                  We started construction and are near completion of a new production facility in China. We negotiated multiple customer long-term agreements which are key to our future growth.

 

In summary, in fiscal year 2014 we showed agility in a difficult context and now start, what we believe will be strengthening demand cycle, with over $380 million of Adjusted EBITDA and the capacity to support growth.

 

Results of Operations — Fiscal Year 2014 Compared to Fiscal Year 2013

 

For fiscal year 2014, we recorded net income of $132.8 million, or $2.47 per diluted share, compared with net income of $146.1 million, or $2.73 per diluted share, a year earlier.  Our fiscal year 2014 results reflect the impact of the decrease in demand for our materials used in aerospace and energy which was partially offset by increased volumes from lower value materials.  The impact of the unfavorable mix was partially offset by reductions in variable cost per ton in our Specialty Alloys Operations and reduction in overall selling, general and administrative costs.

 

Net Sales

 

Net sales for fiscal year 2014 were $2,173.0 million, which was a 4 percent decrease from fiscal year 2013. Excluding surcharge revenues, sales were 3 percent lower than fiscal year 2013 on 6 percent higher volume.  The decrease in sales combined with higher shipment volume reflects an unfavorable shift in product mix.

 

Geographically, sales outside the United States decreased 9 percent from fiscal year 2013 to $635.1 million. International sales as a percentage of our total net sales represented 29 percent and 31 percent for fiscal year 2014 and fiscal year 2013, respectively.

 

Sales by End-Use Markets

 

We sell to customers across diversified end-use markets.  The following table includes comparative information for our net sales, which includes surcharge revenues, by principal end-use markets which we believe is helpful supplemental information in analyzing the performance of the business from period to period:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions)

 

2014

 

2013

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Aerospace and defense

 

$

980.7

 

$

1,067.0

 

$

(86.3

)

(8

)%

Industrial and consumer

 

481.6

 

474.3

 

7.3

 

2

 

Energy

 

310.4

 

337.3

 

(26.9

)

(8

)

Transportation

 

150.1

 

138.8

 

11.3

 

8

 

Medical

 

112.6

 

113.2

 

(0.6

)

(1

)

Distribution

 

137.6

 

141.1

 

(3.5

)

(2

)

Total net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

(98.7

)

(4

)%

 

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Table of Contents

 

The following table includes comparative information for our net sales by the same principal end-use markets, but excluding surcharge revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions)

 

2014

 

2013

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Aerospace and defense

 

$

775.3

 

$

832.5

 

$

(57.2

)

(7

)%

Industrial and consumer

 

379.8

 

366.4

 

13.4

 

4

 

Energy

 

269.9

 

290.9

 

(21.0

)

(7

)

Transportation

 

118.0

 

106.6

 

11.4

 

11

 

Medical

 

103.5

 

103.7

 

(0.2

)

 

Distribution

 

136.3

 

139.2

 

(2.9

)

(2

)

Total net sales excluding surcharge revenues

 

$

1,782.8

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

(56.5

)

(3

)%

 

Sales to the aerospace and defense market decreased 8 percent from fiscal year 2013 to $980.7  million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales decreased 7 percent on 1 percent lower shipment volume. The results reflect weakness in demand for our premium materials used in engine applications offset by improving demand for materials used in structural components and increased demand for materials used in titanium fasteners.  The fiscal year 2014 results were impacted significantly by supply chain destocking in the first half of our fiscal year.

 

Industrial and consumer market sales increased 2 percent from fiscal year 2013 to $481.6 million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales increased approximately 4 percent on 16 percent higher shipment.  The results reflect strong demand for lower value materials used in plant and equipment applications as wells as materials used in bridge infrastructure projects.  The shift in unfavorable mix was a result of soften demand for materials used in the more premium products used in high end valves and fittings and electronics applications.

 

Sales to the energy market of $310.4 million reflected an 8 percent decrease from fiscal year 2013. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales decreased 7 percent on 12 percent lower shipment volume. The results reflect demand softness in materials used in oil and gas completions as well as the power generation sector. These declines were partially offset by a moderate increase in sales, particularly rentals through our Amega West oil and gas business.

 

Transportation market sales increased 8 percent from the fiscal year 2013 to $150.1 million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales increased 11 percent on 18 higher shipment volumes. The results reflect the impacts of growth in demand for our materials as a result of increasing North American vehicle sales and strong demand for materials used in next generation of fuel delivery systems.

 

Sales to the medical market decreased 1 percent to $112.6 million from fiscal year 2013. Adjusted for surcharge revenue, sales were flat on 10 percent higher shipment volume. The results reflect the impacts of lower titanium scrap prices during most of the fiscal year, which negatively impacted order patterns for our materials.   During the second half of the fiscal year we began to see improving demand for materials used in orthopedics and surgical devices and more normalized buying patterns by distributors as supply chain inventory levels appeared to stabilize.

 

Distribution sales decreased 2 percent from the same period a year ago to $137.6 million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales decreased 2 percent from the same period a year ago.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Sales by Product Class

 

The following table includes comparative information for our net sales by major product class:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions)

 

2014

 

2013

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Special alloys

 

$

917.0

 

$

989.9

 

$

(72.9

)

(7

)%

Stainless steels

 

643.6

 

638.8

 

4.8

 

1

 

Alloy and tool steel

 

240.4

 

255.7

 

(15.3

)

(6

)

Titanium products

 

157.7

 

155.0

 

2.7

 

2

 

Powder metals

 

48.6

 

60.4

 

(11.8

)

(20

)

Distribution and other

 

165.7

 

171.9

 

(6.2

)

(4

)

Total net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

(98.7

)

(4

)%

 

The following table includes comparative information for our net sales by the same major product class, but excluding surcharge revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions)

 

2014

 

2013

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Special alloys

 

$

666.3

 

$

706.0

 

$

(39.7

)

(6

)%

Stainless steels

 

548.7

 

543.1

 

5.6

 

1

 

Alloy and tool steel

 

198.4

 

210.9

 

(12.5

)

(6

)

Titanium products

 

157.7

 

155.0

 

2.7

 

2

 

Powder metals

 

48.6

 

55.9

 

(7.3

)

(13

)

Distribution and other

 

163.1

 

168.4

 

(5.3

)

(3

)

Total net sales excluding surcharge revenues

 

$

1,782.8

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

(56.5

)

(3

)%

 

Sales of special alloys products decreased 7 percent in fiscal year 2014 as compared with a year ago to $917.0 million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales decreased 6 percent on a flat shipment volume. The results reflect an unfavorable shift in product mix due to lower demand for Aerospace engine and fastener material as compared to the year ago period.

 

Sales of stainless steels increased 1 percent in fiscal year 2014 as compared with a year ago to $643.6 million.  Excluding surcharge revenues, such sales increased by 1 percent on 14 percent higher shipment volume. The year over year results reflect increased volumes in transportation and industrial and consumer markets combined with an unfavorable shift in product mix from the same period last year.

 

Sales of alloy and tool steel decreased 6 percent in fiscal year 2014 on 2 percent lower shipment volume.

 

Sales of titanium products increased 2 percent as compared with fiscal year 2013 on 8 percent higher shipment volume.

 

Sales of powder metals decreased 20 percent in fiscal year 2014 on 17 percent lower shipment volume.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit in fiscal year 2014 decreased to $398.9 million, or 18.4 percent of net sales (22.4 percent of net sales excluding surcharges), from $433.5 million, or 19.1 percent of net sales (23.6 percent of net sales excluding surcharges), for fiscal year 2013. The results reflect a weaker product mix and incremental costs associated with our new Alabama facility partially offset by a reduction in variable production costs.  In addition, the fiscal year 2014 results were impacted by approximately $8.0 million of additional weather related expenses due to severe weather in the Northeast where the majority of our operations are centered.

 

Our surcharge mechanism is structured to recover increases in raw material costs, although generally with a lag effect. While the surcharge generally protects the absolute gross profit dollars, it does have a dilutive effect on gross margin as a percent of sales. The following represents a summary of the dilutive impact of the surcharges on gross margin for fiscal years 2014 and 2013. See the section “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for further discussion of these financial metrics.

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

($ in millions)

 

2014

 

2013

 

Net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

$

2,271.7

 

Less: surcharge revenue

 

390.2

 

432.4

 

Net sales excluding surcharges

 

$

1,782.8

 

$

1,839.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

$

398.9

 

$

433.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

18.4

%

19.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin excluding dilutive effect of surcharges

 

22.4

%

23.6

%

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses in fiscal year 2014 were $186.9 million, or 8.6 percent of net sales (10.5 percent of net sales excluding surcharges), compared to $200.8 million, or 8.8 percent of net sales (10.9 percent of net sales excluding surcharges), in fiscal year 2013. The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013 is primarily due to lower incentive compensation and a reduction in pension EID during the current year.  Prior year included restructuring related costs of $2.9 million due to a reduction in salaried headcount as well as costs associated with respect to manufacturing footprint optimization activities and inventory reduction initiative costs.

 

Operating Income

 

Our operating income in fiscal year 2014 decreased to $212.0 million as compared with $232.7 million in fiscal year 2013. The fiscal year 2014 results reflect the impacts of a weaker product mix, incremental costs associated with our new Alabama facility and costs associated with severe weather in the Northeast where the majority of our operations are centered resulting in an additional $8.0 million of  energy related expenses in the third quarter of fiscal year 2014. These impacts were partially offset by a reduction in variable production costs and lower selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

Operating income has been significantly impacted by the pension EID portion of our net pension expense, which may be volatile based on conditions in the financial markets. The following presents our operating income and operating margin, in each case excluding the impact of surcharges on net sales and excluding the impacts of pension EID expense from operating income. We present and discuss these financial measures because management believes removing the impacts of raw material surcharges from operating margin provides a more consistent and meaningful basis for comparing results of operations from period to period.  See the section “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for further discussion of these financial measures.

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

($ in millions)

 

2014

 

2013

 

Net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

$

2,271.7

 

Less: surcharge revenue

 

390.2

 

432.4

 

Consolidated net sales excluding surcharge

 

$

1,782.8

 

$

1,839.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

212.0

 

$

232.7

 

Pension earnings, interest & deferrals

 

21.8

 

31.9

 

Operating income excluding pension earnings, interest and deferrals

 

$

233.8

 

$

264.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating margin excluding surcharge and pension earnings, interest and deferrals

 

13.1

%

14.4

%

 

In addition to the impact of the surcharge mechanism and pension EID expense, fluctuations in raw material prices (combined with fluctuations in inventory levels) and the lag effect of the surcharge mechanism have impacted our operating income from year to year. We estimate that the effect of such combined fluctuations positively impacted our operating margin by approximately 100 basis points during fiscal year 2014 and positively impacted our operating margin by approximately 10 basis points during fiscal year 2013.

 

Interest Expense

 

Fiscal year 2014 interest expense of $17.0 million decreased 19.0 percent from $21.0 million in fiscal year 2013. The decrease of $4.0 million is due to $8.3 million of higher capitalized interest in connection with the increased spending attributable to the construction of our Alabama manufacturing plant offset by higher interest costs of $4.3 million.  The increase in interest costs is due to higher outstanding debt levels in fiscal year 2014 as compared in fiscal year 2013 principally as a result of the February 2013 issuance of $300.0 million of 4.45% notes due March 2023 which is partially offset by the $100.0 million 6.625% notes that matured in May 2013.

 

Other Income, Net

 

Other income for fiscal year 2014 was $1.4 million as compared with $5.1 million a year ago. The results reflect the decrease in earnings in the funding mechanisms for certain non-qualified retirement plans and the negative impacts in foreign exchange losses for the current period as compared to the same a year ago.  The year ago period also reflects a gain of $1.9 million in connection with the dissolution of the strategic partnership with Sandvik Materials Technology.

 

Income Taxes

 

Our effective tax rate (income tax expense as a percent of income before taxes) for both fiscal years 2014 and fiscal year 2013 was 32.4 percent. The tax rates for both periods were lower than the statutory rate of 35 percent, primarily due to benefits associated with the domestic manufacturing deduction and the research and development credits.

 

See Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for a full reconciliation of the statutory federal tax rate to the effective tax rates.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Business Segment Results

 

Summary information about our operating results on a segment basis is set forth below. For more detailed segment information, see Note 19 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.

 

The following tables include selected information by business segment:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

(Pounds sold, in thousands) 

 

2014

 

2013

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specialty Alloys Operations

 

282,914

 

264,606

 

18,308

 

7

%

Performance Engineered Products

 

12,248

 

13,451

 

(1,203

)

(9

)

Intersegment

 

(4,774

)

(4,333

)

(441

)

(10

)

Consolidated pounds sold

 

290,388

 

273,724

 

16,664

 

6

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions) 

 

2014

 

2013

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Specialty Alloys Operations

 

$

1,741.6

 

$

1,823.5

 

$

(81.9

)

(4

)%

Performance Engineered Products

 

498.6

 

520.1

 

(21.5

)

(4

)

Intersegment

 

(67.2

)

(71.9

)

4.7

 

7

 

Total net sales

 

$

2,173.0

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

(98.7

)

(4

)%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions) 

 

2014

 

2013

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Specialty Alloys Operations

 

$

1,344.6

 

$

1,388.5

 

$

(43.9

)

(3

)%

Performance Engineered Products

 

496.6

 

513.7

 

(17.1

)

(3

)

Intersegment

 

(58.4

)

(62.9

)

4.5

 

7

 

Total net sales excluding surcharge revenues

 

$

1,782.8

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

(56.5

)

(3

)%

 

Specialty Alloys Operations Segment

 

Net sales in fiscal year 2014 for the Specialty Alloys Operations (“SAO”) segment were $1,741.6 million, as compared with $1,823.5 million in fiscal year 2013. Excluding surcharge revenues, sales decreased 3 percent from a year ago. The fiscal year 2014 net sales reflected 7 percent higher shipment volume as compared to fiscal year 2013. The decrease in sales combined with higher shipment volumes reflects an unfavorable shift in product mix as a result of continued challenging market conditions.

 

Operating income for the SAO segment in fiscal year 2014 was $232.7 million, or 13.4 percent of net sales (17.3 percent of net sales excluding surcharge revenues), compared to $268.5 million, or 14.7 percent of net sales (19.3 percent of net sales excluding surcharge revenues), for fiscal year 2013. The decrease in operating income reflects the impacts of a weaker product mix and the $8.0 million of additional weather related expenses in the third quarter of fiscal year 2014 partially offset by cost control in the current period as compared to the same period a year ago.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Performance Engineered Products Segment

 

Net sales for fiscal year 2014 for the Performance Engineered Products (“PEP”) segment decreased 4 percent to $498.6 million as compared with $520.1 million for fiscal year 2013. Excluding surcharge revenues, net sales decreased 3 percent. The results reflected softness in demand as a result of challenging market conditions, particularly in the aerospace and energy markets during the first half of this fiscal year.  In addition, sales of powder metal products and sales from our distribution businesses were impacted by sluggish industrial activity.  This was partially offset by sales growth resulting from strengthening demand for our titanium fastener material, better penetration in the medical orthopedic market and increased sales into the oil and gas exploration market in the second half of the fiscal year 2014.

 

Operating income for the PEP segment for fiscal year 2014 was $45.5 million, or 9.1 percent of net sales, as compared with $45.2 million, or 8.7 percent of net sales for fiscal year 2013. The results reflect the impacts of lower sales levels in fiscal year 2014 compared to the same period a year ago offset by the positive impacts of improvements in the manufacturing processes and cost reduction initiatives.

 

Results of Operations — Fiscal Year 2013 Compared to Fiscal Year 2012

 

For fiscal year 2013, we reported net income of $146.1 million, or $2.73 per diluted share, compared with income of $121.2 million, or $2.53 per diluted share, a year earlier.  Our fiscal year 2013 results reflect a trend of improving revenue during the second half of the fiscal year as well as the full year inclusion of the Latrobe business.

 

Net Sales

 

Net sales for fiscal year 2013 were $2,271.7 million, which was a 12 percent increase from fiscal year 2012. Excluding surcharge revenues, sales were 17 percent higher than fiscal year 2012 on 16 percent higher volume. The full year inclusion of the Latrobe business in fiscal year 2013 contributed $266.1 million of the year over year increase in net sales.

 

Geographically, sales outside the United States increased 5 percent from fiscal year 2012 to $696.4 million. International sales as a percentage of our total net sales represented 31 percent and 33 percent for fiscal year 2013 and fiscal year 2012, respectively.

 

Sales by End-Use Markets

 

We sell to customers across diversified end-use markets.  The following table includes comparative information for our net sales, which includes surcharge revenues, by principal end-use markets which we believe is helpful supplemental information in analyzing the performance of the business from period to period:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions)

 

2013

 

2012

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Aerospace and defense

 

$

1,067.0

 

$

901.2

 

$

165.8

 

18

%

Industrial and consumer

 

474.3

 

478.1

 

(3.8

)

(1

)

Energy

 

337.3

 

287.0

 

50.3

 

18

 

Transportation

 

138.8

 

142.2

 

(3.4

)

(2

)

Medical

 

113.2

 

141.1

 

(27.9

)

(20

)

Distribution

 

141.1

 

79.1

 

62.0

 

78

 

Total net sales

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

2,028.7

 

$

243.0

 

12

%

 

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Table of Contents

 

The following table includes comparative information for our net sales by the same principal end-use markets, but excluding surcharge revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions)

 

2013

 

2012

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Aerospace and defense

 

$

832.5

 

$

668.8

 

$

163.7

 

24

%

Industrial and consumer

 

366.4

 

346.7

 

19.7

 

6

 

Energy

 

290.9

 

246.1

 

44.8

 

18

 

Transportation

 

106.6

 

104.0

 

2.6

 

2

 

Medical

 

103.7

 

125.7

 

(22.0

)

(18

)

Distribution

 

139.2

 

78.3

 

60.9

 

78

 

Total net sales excluding surcharge revenues

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

1,569.6

 

$

269.7

 

17

%

 

Sales to the aerospace and defense market increased 18 percent from fiscal year 2012 to $1,067.0 million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales increased 24 percent on 47 percent higher shipment volume. The aerospace and defense results reflect strength in commercial aerospace as build rates remain high as well as demand growth for proprietary materials for structural application. The addition of the Latrobe aerospace products contributed $135.6 million to the year over year growth in net sales.

 

Industrial and consumer market sales decreased 1 percent from fiscal year 2012 to $474.3 million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales increased approximately 6 percent on 2 percent higher shipment. The market is sensitive to economic conditions which were challenging particularly in the second half of our fiscal year 2013. Our strategy has been to focus on specialized, high value niche applications with strategically important customers. The addition of the Latrobe industrial and consumer net sales contributed $27.4 million to the year over year growth in net sales.

 

Sales to the energy market of $337.3 million reflected an 18 percent increase from fiscal year 2012. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales increased 18 percent on 10 percent higher shipment volume. The sales results reflect the market penetration in certain segments of the oil and gas markets as well as our international expansion in addition to the inclusion of the Specialty Steel Supply business acquired in connection with the Latrobe acquisition. The full year inclusion of the Latrobe business contributed $37.6 million to the year over year growth in net sales. This growth was partially offset by a decline in drilling alloys, which was impacted by destocking and low growth in North American rig count.

 

Transportation market sales decreased 2 percent from the fiscal year 2012 to $138.8 million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales increased 2 percent on flat shipment volume. The results reflect North American fuel efficiency standards requiring automobiles to become lighter and engines to operate at higher temperatures offset by continued weakness in Europe and softer demand for materials used in valves, exhaust and other automotive components.

 

Sales to the medical market decreased 20 percent to $113.2 million from fiscal year 2012. Adjusted for surcharge revenue, sales decreased 18 percent due on 15 percent lower shipment volume. As largely seen in the PEP segment results, continued inventory destocking within the titanium distribution supply chain was influenced by falling titanium prices.

 

Sales to the distribution market increased 78 percent to $141.1 million from fiscal year 2012. The increase is primarily attributable to the addition of Latrobe distribution business which globally sources and distributes corrosion resistant steels, tool steels and powder metals for a wide range of industries. The full year inclusion of the Latrobe distribution business contributed $63.3 million to the year over year growth in net sales.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Sales by Product Class

 

The following table includes comparative information for our net sales by major product class:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions)

 

2013

 

2012

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Special alloys

 

$

989.9

 

$

931.4

 

$

58.5

 

6

%

Stainless steels

 

638.8

 

637.3

 

1.5

 

 

Alloy and tool steel

 

255.7

 

108.6

 

147.1

 

135

 

Titanium products

 

155.0

 

156.6

 

(1.6

)

(1

)

Powder metals

 

60.4

 

64.3

 

(3.9

)

(6

)

Distribution and other

 

171.9

 

130.5

 

41.4

 

32

 

Total net sales

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

2,028.7

 

$

243.0

 

12

%

 

The following table includes comparative information for our net sales by the same major product class, but excluding surcharge revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions)

 

2013

 

2012

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Special alloys

 

$

706.0

 

$

626.2

 

$

79.8

 

13

%

Stainless steels

 

543.1

 

512.4

 

30.7

 

6

 

Alloy and tool steel

 

210.9

 

85.7

 

125.2

 

146

 

Titanium products

 

155.0

 

156.6

 

(1.6

)

(1

)

Powder metals

 

55.9

 

59.7

 

(3.8

)

(6

)

Distribution and other

 

168.4

 

129.0

 

39.4

 

31

 

Total net sales excluding surcharge revenues

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

1,569.6

 

$

269.7

 

17

%

 

Sales of special alloys products increased 6 percent in fiscal year 2013 as compared with a year ago to $989.9 million. Excluding surcharge revenue, sales increased 13 percent on a 9 percent increase in shipment volume. The sales results principally reflect the increased demand in our higher value alloys used in the aerospace and energy markets. The full year of the Latrobe business contributed $25.9 million of the year over year growth in net sales.

 

Sales of stainless steels remained flat compared with fiscal year 2012. Excluding surcharge revenues, such sales increased by 6 percent on 1 percent higher shipment volume. The year over year results also reflect the $54.8 million from the full year inclusion of the Latrobe business.

 

Sales of alloy and tool steel increased 135 percent in fiscal year 2013 on 272 percent higher shipment volume. The results primarily reflect the full year inclusion of the Latrobe business which contributed $139.4 million of the year over year increase in net sales.

 

Sales of titanium products decreased 1 percent as compared with fiscal year 2012 on 1 percent lower shipment volume. The results reflect lower demand in the titanium distributor channel, including sales to medical market.

 

Sales of powder metals decreased 6 percent in fiscal year 2013 on 10 percent lower shipment volume. The results reflect unfavorable performance in Europe.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Gross Profit

 

Gross profit in fiscal year 2013 increased to $433.5 million, or 19.1 percent of net sales (23.6 percent of net sales excluding surcharges), from $391.0 million, or 19.3 percent of net sales (24.9 percent of net sales excluding surcharges), for fiscal year 2012. The results reflect the impacts of higher volumes from the addition of the Latrobe business offset by higher net pension expense included in costs of sales during fiscal year 2013. Fiscal year 2012 results included $11.6 million of costs associated with acquisition inventory fair value cost adjustments in connection with the Latrobe Acquisition.

 

Our surcharge mechanism is structured to recover increases in raw material costs, although generally with a lag effect. While the surcharge generally protects the absolute gross profit dollars, it does have a dilutive effect on gross margin as a percent of sales. The following represents a summary of the dilutive impact of the surcharges on gross margin for fiscal years 2013 and 2012. See the section “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for further discussion of these financial metrics.

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

($ in millions)

 

2013

 

2012

 

Net sales

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

2,028.7

 

Less: surcharge revenue

 

432.4

 

459.1

 

Net sales excluding surcharges

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

1,569.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

$

433.5

 

$

391.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin

 

19.1

%

19.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin excluding dilutive effect of surcharges

 

23.6

%

24.9

%

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses in fiscal year 2013 were $200.8 million, or 8.8 percent of net sales (10.9 percent of net sales excluding surcharges), compared to $169.2 million, or 8.3 percent of net sales (10.8 percent of net sales excluding surcharges), in fiscal year 2012. The increase in fiscal year 2013 is due to the additional overhead costs related to the Latrobe businesses, restructuring related costs activities and higher pension expense.

 

Acquisition-Related Costs

 

In connection with the Latrobe Acquisition, we incurred approximately $11.7 million of acquisition-related costs during fiscal year 2012. These costs represent direct incremental legal, accounting and investment banking fees incurred in connection with the Latrobe Acquisition as well as approximately $5.2 million of a liability for costs associated with the sale of certain Latrobe assets necessary to obtain FTC approval for the transaction.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Operating Income

 

Our operating income in fiscal year 2013 increased to $232.7 million as compared with $210.1 million in fiscal year 2012. Operating income has been significantly impacted by our pension earnings, interest and deferrals (“pension EID”) portion of our net pension expense, which may be volatile based on conditions in the financial markets. The following presents our operating income and operating margin, in each case excluding the impact of surcharges on net sales and excluding the impacts of pension EID expense from operating income. We present and discuss these financial measures because management believes removing the impact of raw material surcharges from operating margin provides a more consistent and meaningful basis for comparing results of operations from period to period. See the section “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for further discussion of these financial measures.

 

In fiscal year 2013, we incurred certain restructuring related costs of $5.5 million. These costs consisted of severance costs associated with a reduction in salaried headcount as well as costs associated with respect to manufacturing footprint optimization activities principally as a result of the Latrobe Acquisition and other changes we believe are necessary to manage our business as an integrated steel mill operation.

 

In connection with the Latrobe Acquisition, we initiated a third party consulting study to identify opportunities to potentially reduce inventory levels across our integrated mill system, including Latrobe. Our inventory turns performance is below average as compared with peers in our industry. The consulting study was completed in fiscal year 2013. Specific action plans were developed, and we began to see the benefits of improvements in our inventory performance during the second half of our fiscal year 2013. During fiscal year 2013, we incurred $2.5 million costs associated with the inventory reduction initiative which consists of consulting costs associated with the study.

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

($ in millions)

 

2013

 

2012

 

Net sales

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

2,028.7

 

Less: surcharge revenue

 

432.4

 

459.1

 

Net sales excluding surcharges

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

1,569.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

232.7

 

$

210.1

 

Add back: Pension EID expense

 

31.9

 

15.3

 

Operating income excluding pension EID expense

 

$

264.6

 

$

225.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating margin excluding surcharges and pension EID expense

 

14.4

%

14.4

%

 

In addition to the impact of the surcharge mechanism and pension EID expense, fluctuations in raw material prices (combined with fluctuations in inventory levels) and the lag effect of the surcharge mechanism have impacted our operating income from year to year. We estimate that the effect of such combined fluctuations positively impacted our operating margin by approximately 10 basis points during fiscal year 2013 and negatively impacted our operating margin by approximately 30 basis points during fiscal year 2012.

 

Interest Expense

 

Fiscal year 2013 interest expense of $21.0 million decreased 11.8 percent from $23.8 million in fiscal year 2012. Fiscal year 2013 interest expense includes $6.8 million of capitalized interest compared to $1.2 million in fiscal year 2012 offset by the net impact of a higher debt level albeit at a lower average interest rate. Interest on substantially all of our debt was at a fixed rate.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Other Income, Net

 

Other income for fiscal year 2013 was $5.1 million as compared with $2.3 million a year ago. The increase principally reflected positive impacts in the valuation of assets used to fund certain non-qualified retirement plans and the gain recorded in connection with the dissolution of the strategic partnership with Sandvik Materials Technology.

 

Income Taxes

 

Our effective tax rate (income tax expense as a percent of income before taxes) for fiscal year 2013 was 32.4 percent as compared to 35.5 percent in fiscal year 2012. The fiscal year 2013 tax rate was lower than the statutory rate of 35 percent, primarily due to the benefits associated with the domestic manufacturing deduction and the research and development credit. The fiscal year 2012 tax rate was higher than the statutory rate of 35 percent, primarily due to non-deductible acquisition expenses associated with the Latrobe Acquisition.

 

See Note 16 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” for a full reconciliation of the statutory federal tax rate to the effective tax rates.

 

Business Segment Results

 

Summary information about our operating results on a segment basis is set forth below.  For more detailed segment information, see Note 19 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.

 

The following tables include selected information by business segment:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

(Pounds sold, in thousands) 

 

2013

 

2012

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specialty Alloys Operations

 

264,606

 

227,805

 

36,801

 

16

%

Performance Engineered Products

 

13,451

 

14,182

 

(731

)

(5

)

Intersegment

 

(4,333

)

(6,455

)

2,122

 

33

 

Consolidated pounds sold

 

273,724

 

235,532

 

38,192

 

16

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions) 

 

2013

 

2012

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Specialty Alloys Operations

 

$

1,823.5

 

$

1,672.0

 

$

151.5

 

9

%

Performance Engineered Products

 

520.1

 

444.9

 

75.2

 

17

 

Intersegment

 

(71.9

)

(88.2

)

16.3

 

18

 

Total net sales

 

$

2,271.7

 

$

2,028.7

 

$

243.0

 

12

%

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

%

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

 

Increase

 

Increase

 

($ in millions) 

 

2013

 

2012

 

(Decrease)

 

(Decrease)

 

Specialty Alloys Operations

 

$

1,388.5

 

$

1,207.4

 

$

181.1

 

15

%

Performance Engineered Products

 

513.7

 

439.2

 

74.5

 

17

 

Intersegment

 

(62.9

)

(77.0

)

14.1

 

18

 

Total net sales excluding surcharge revenues

 

$

1,839.3

 

$

1,569.6

 

$

269.7

 

17

%

 

Specialty Alloys Operations Segment

 

Net sales in fiscal year 2013 for the Specialty Alloys Operations (“SAO”) segment were $1,823.5 million, as compared with $1,672.0 million in fiscal year 2012. Excluding surcharge revenues, sales increased 15 percent from a year ago. The fiscal year 2013 net sales reflected 16 percent higher shipment volume as compared to fiscal year 2012. The results reflect the inclusion of the Latrobe acquisition in February 2012.

 

Excluding the Latrobe manufacturing operations net sales in fiscal year 2013 for the SAO segment were $1,547.4 million, as compared with $1,566.6 million in fiscal year 2012. Excluding surcharge revenues, sales increased 4 percent from a year ago. The fiscal year 2013 net sales reflected 1 percent lower shipment volume as compared to fiscal year 2012. The results reflect growth attributable to our premium and ultra-premium products offset by the impact of lower order intake activity.

 

Operating income for the SAO segment in fiscal year 2013 was $268.5 million, or 14.7 percent of net sales (19.3 percent of net sales excluding surcharge revenues), compared to $236.3 million, or 14.1 percent of net sales (19.6 percent of net sales excluding surcharge revenues), for fiscal year 2012. The results reflect the inclusion of the Latrobe acquisition in February 2012.

 

Excluding the Latrobe manufacturing operations operating income for the SAO segment in fiscal year 2013 was $218.9 million, or 14.1 percent of net sales (18.7 percent of net sales excluding surcharge revenues), compared to $229.4 million, or 14.6 percent of net sales (20.4 percent of net sales excluding surcharge revenues), for fiscal year 2012.  The decrease in operating income reflects the negative impacts of an unfavorable shift in product mix as well as increased manufacturing costs related to lower production levels.

 

Performance Engineered Products Segment

 

Net sales for fiscal year 2013 for the Performance Engineered Products (“PEP”) segment increased 17 percent to $520.1 million as compared with $444.9 million for fiscal year 2012. The results reflect the inclusion of the Latrobe acquisition in February 2012.

 

Excluding the Latrobe distribution operations net sales for fiscal year 2013 for the PEP segment increased 4 percent to $378.8 million as compared with $365.7 million for fiscal year 2012. Excluding surcharge revenues, net sales increased 4 percent.

 

Operating income for the PEP segment for fiscal year 2013 was $45.2 million, or 8.7 percent of net sales, as compared with $48.2 million, or 10.8 percent of net sales for fiscal year 2012. The results reflect the inclusion of the Latrobe acquisition in February 2012.

 

Excluding the Latrobe distribution operations operating income for the PEP segment for fiscal year 2013 was $36.5 million, or 9.6 percent of net sales, as compared with $44.1 million, or 12.1 percent of net sales for fiscal year 2012. The results reflect weakening of demand in the Titanium distributor channel including medical, continued softness in our European powder tool steel business and higher costs on the Amega West business associated with investments in future growth.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Liquidity and Financial Resources

 

We ended fiscal year 2014 with $120.0 million of cash, a decrease of $137.5 million from fiscal year 2013. During fiscal year 2014 our cash from operations was $239.6 million as compared with $188.5 million in fiscal year 2013. Our free cash flow, which we define under “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below, was negative $147.8 million as compared to negative $159.3 million for the same period a year ago. The increase in free cash flow in fiscal year 2014 as compared with the prior year reflects a reduction in pension contributions from $6.3 million in fiscal year 2014 as compared to $144.9 million in fiscal year 2013 principally as result of the $75.0 million of discretionary pension contributions included in fiscal 2013 which significantly reduced the minimum contributions that were required in fiscal year 2014. This positive impact was offset by lower earnings, unfavorable working capital levels, principally as a result of increased inventory levels necessary to support the Alabama facility start-up, and significantly higher capital spending largely related to the Alabama facility construction in fiscal year 2014. Capital expenditures for plant, equipment and software were $349.2 million in fiscal year 2014, as compared with $310.2 million for the same period a year ago. In fiscal year 2015 we currently expect capital expenditures to be approximately $120 million plus any remaining Alabama spending. Accordingly, we expect capital expenditures of $160 million to $175 million in fiscal year 2015, exclusive of any capital expenditures related to special growth projects and opportunities.

 

Dividends for the fiscal year 2014 were $38.5 million, as compared with $38.3 million in the prior year, and were paid at the same quarterly rate of $0.18 per share of common stock in both periods.

 

For fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, interest costs totaled $32.1 million, $27.8 million and $25.0 million, respectively, of which $15.1 million, $6.8 million and $1.2 million, respectively, was capitalized as part of the cost of plant, equipment and software.

 

During the fiscal year 2014, we made $6 million in cash contributions to our qualified pension plans, and expect to contribute $16 million of cash contributions to our pension plans during fiscal year 2015. Over the next five years, current estimates indicate that we will contribute about $139 million to our pension plans, based on the laws in effect for pension funding as of June 30, 2014, and subject to market returns and interest rate assumptions.

 

In February 2013, we issued $300 million of 4.45% senior notes due 2023. We used the net proceeds from the issuance of the Notes to repay in full $100 million in aggregate principal amount of our senior unsecured notes due May 2013. We used the remaining net proceeds from the issuance of the Notes for general corporate purposes, which included discretionary pension contributions, additions to working capital and capital expenditures. Our next debt payment is scheduled in fiscal year 2018 in the amount of $55.0 million.

 

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Table of Contents

 

During the fiscal year 2014, we identified an error in the classification of amounts reported in previously reported Statements of Cash Flows. The classification error is related to the reporting of purchases of property, equipment and software that should be adjusted for amounts not yet paid in cash as of the balance sheet date, which were previously incorrectly reflected as cash used in investing activities and cash provided from operating activities. The discussion above reflects prior reported amounts that have been revised. For more detailed on the revision to statement of cash flows information, see Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.

 

We have demonstrated the ability to generate cash to meet our needs through cash flow from operations, management of working capital and the availability of outside sources of financing to supplement internally generated funds. We generally target minimum liquidity, consisting of cash and cash equivalents added to available borrowing capacity under our credit agreement, of $150 million. Our revolving credit facility (the “Credit Agreement”) contains a revolving credit commitment of $500 million and expires in June 2018. As of June 30, 2014, we had $8.2 million of issued letters of credit under the Credit Agreement. The balance of the Credit Agreement ($491.8 million) remains available to us. The available borrowings together with cash on hand of $120.0 million results in total liquidity of approximately $612 million as of June 30, 2014. From time to time during the year ended June 30, 2014 we have borrowed under our Credit Agreement and subsequently repaid any outstanding borrowings prior to June 30, 2014. The weighted average daily borrowing under the Credit Agreement during the year ended June 30, 2014 was approximately $4.1 million with daily outstanding borrowings ranging from $1.0 million to $40.0 million during the fiscal year 2014.

 

We evaluate liquidity needs for alternative uses including funding external growth opportunities as well as funding consistent dividend payments to stockholders. Over the last several years, we declared and paid quarterly cash dividends of $0.18 per share. We have historically authorized share repurchase programs.

 

As of June 30, 2014, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $48 million held at various foreign subsidiaries. Our global cash deployment considers, among other things, the geographic location of our subsidiaries’ cash balances, the locations of our anticipated liquidity needs and the cost to access international cash balances, as necessary. The repatriation of cash from certain foreign subsidiaries could have adverse tax consequences as we may be required to pay and record U.S. income taxes and foreign withholding taxes in various tax jurisdictions on these funds to the extent they were previously considered permanently reinvested. From time to time, we evaluate opportunities to repatriate cash from foreign jurisdictions. Our current plans consider repatriating cash only at levels that would result in minimal or no net adverse tax consequences in the near term. From time to time, we may make short-term intercompany borrowings against our cash held outside the United States in order to reduce or eliminate any required borrowing under our Credit Agreement.

 

We are subject to certain financial and restrictive covenants under the Credit Agreement, which, among other things, require the maintenance of a minimum interest coverage ratio (3.50 to 1.00 as of June 30, 2014). The interest coverage ratio is defined in the Credit Agreement as, for any period, the ratio of consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) to consolidated interest expense for such period. The Credit Agreement also requires the Company to maintain a debt to capital ratio of less than 55%. The debt to capital ratio is defined in the Credit Agreement as the ratio of consolidated indebtedness, defined as total long-term debt added to outstanding capital lease obligations and outstanding letters of credit, to consolidated capitalization, defined as consolidated indebtedness added to total equity. As of June 30, 2014, the Company was in compliance with all of the covenants of the Credit Agreement.

 

The following table shows our actual ratio performance with respect to the financial covenants, as of June 30, 2014:

 

 

 

Covenant Requirement

 

Actual
Ratio

 

Consolidated interest coverage

 

3.50 to 1.00 (minimum)

 

23.12 to 1.00

 

Consolidated debt to capital

 

55% (maximum)