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EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - Surge Global Energy, Inc.ex32-2.htm
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EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Surge Global Energy, Inc.Financial_Report.xls

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

OR

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM __________ TO __________.

 

Commission File Number 0-24269

 

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

DELAWARE

 

34-1454529

 (State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     

75-153 Merle Drive Suite B, Palm Desert CA 

 

92211

(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including are code: (760) 610-6758

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

NONE   NONE

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, $.001 par value

(Title of Class)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive data file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated file [  ]
       

Non-accelerated filer

[  ] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s approximately 1,190,000 shares of common stock (held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the closing sales price of such common equity (i.e. $0.60) as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter (June 30, 2012) was $714, 000.

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock at March 31,2013 was 12,019,673.

 

All figures shown above are shown after the 1 for 20 reverse stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013.

 

 

 

 
 

  

INDEX

 

    Page
     
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION 3
         
PART I       3
ITEM 1.   BUSINESS   3
ITEM 1A.   RISK FACTORS   7
ITEM 2.   PROPERTIES   14
ITEM 3.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS   15
ITEM 4.   MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES    
         
PART II        
ITEM 5.   MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES   15
ITEM 6.   SELECTED FINANCIAL INFORMATION   17
ITEM 7.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS   17
ITEM 7A   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.   21
ITEM 8.   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA   21
ITEM 9.   CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE   22
ITEM 9A.   CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES   22
ITEM 9B.   OTHER INFORMATION   23
         
PART III        
ITEM 10.   DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE   23
ITEM 11.   EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION   27
ITEM 12.   SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS   31
ITEM 13.   CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE   32
ITEM 14.   PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES   32
         
PART IV        
ITEM 15.   EXHIBITS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES   33

 

2
 

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K, including exhibits thereto, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements are typically identified by the words “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “intends,” forecasts,” estimates,” “plans,” “future,” “strategy,” or words of similar meaning. In particular, the following types of statements are forward-looking:

 

  statements regarding our potential growth opportunities;
  statements regarding our ability to generate revenues from our operations;
  statements regarding our anticipated exploration work;
  statements regarding our ability to extract, refine, sell oil or sell oil properties;
  statements regarding our ability to comply or continue to comply with governmental regulations; and
  statements regarding our estimated future costs and expenses.

 

Various factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements, including those described in “Risk Factors” in this Form 10-K. The Company assumes no obligations to update these forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions, or changes in other factors, except as required by law.

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

 

General Overview

 

Surge Global Energy, Inc. (“Surge”) is a Delaware corporation traded on the OTCQB Markets and on the OTCBB Bulletin Board under the symbol “SRGG.” Our principal executive offices are located at 75-153 Merle Drive, Suite B, Palm Desert, CA 92211. Our telephone number is (760) 610-6758 and our fax number is (760) 766-2990. We maintain a website at www.SurgeGlobalEnergy.com. The contents of this website are not made a part of this filing.

 

We are an oil and gas exploration and development company. The Company has had preliminary negotiations to acquire interests in privately held independent oil and gas exploration companies in the Permian Basin in Pecos County, Texas (West Texas), an area of known oil reserves and producing wells, and a percentage ownership in working interests in producing oil and gas wells in East Texas. It is the Company’s present intent to only acquire interests in existing production sites or historical production sites. We intend to actively participate in drilling for oil and gas for our own account and to participate with others in drilling opportunities. We will be competing with a number of other potential purchasers of prospects and producing properties, most of which will have greater financial resources than us or our co-interest holders. In the oil and gas industry, the bidding for prospects has become particularly intense with different bidders evaluating potential acquisitions with different product pricing parameters and other criteria that result in widely divergent bid prices. In the current oil and gas lease environment, there can be no assurance that there will be a sufficient number of suitable prospects available for acquisition by us or that we can sell prospects or obtain financing for, or participate with others to join in the development of, prospects. The Company currently is engaged in negotiations concerning the feasibility, outline and development of a production partnership for the purposes of developing oil & gas assets in West Texas with the Amazing Energy Group.

 

Corporate History

 

We were incorporated as The Havana Group, Inc. on November 25, 1997 under the laws of the state of Delaware. Our initial business was the sale of pipes and tobacco products and we completed our initial public offering in May 1998. On December 31, 2003, our pipe and tobacco inventory was liquidated and the tangible and intangible assets related to that business were sold. On October 13, 2004, our name was changed from The Havana Group, Inc. to Surge Global Energy, Inc.

 

In December 2004, we completed the restructuring of our balance sheet and the cancellation of outstanding Preferred A and Preferred B shares and indebtedness related to the discontinued tobacco and pipe business.

 

From 2005 through 2012, we engaged in a series of acquisition, divestiture and capital transactions in an effort to expand our business and provide the basis for long-term shareholder returns from oil and gas exploration and development. Because our operations from 2005 forward have not generated any revenue, we have used our equity and the value of interests in other entities that we have controlled from time to time, to attempt to develop business opportunities we believed would be advantageous. Our management has also undergone a number of changes during this period.

 

3
 

 

In October 2012, the Company sold 7,000,000 post reverse split shares to William E. Fitzgerald and Clark Morton which will ultimately give them approximately 85.00% of the total outstanding shares of the Company upon the issuance of 3,216,722 additional post reverse shares which have been subscribed for and paid.

 

In February 2013, the Company completed a 1 for 20 reverse stock split reducing the outstanding shares from 176,057,387 to 8,802,958 common shares, adjusted for the rounding of fractional common shares. Including the additional shares due Mr. Fitzgerald and Mr. Morton, the total outstanding shares are 12,019,673.

 

Because we are an exploration stage company, the inability to develop successful oil and gas prospects has reduced our working capital and created the need for additional strategic transactions to raise capital and liquidate assets.

 

Recent Developments

 

In February 2013, the Company completed the reverse 1 for 20 shares of its common stock and increased our authorized number of common stock to 400,000,000.

 

Oil and Gas Drilling Activities

 

There were no oil and gas drilling activities in fiscal 2012 or 2011.

 

For historical purposes, below is a recap of activities in prior years:

 

In June 2008, we began the process of acquiring via lease oil and gas properties for drilling and development. Three properties were leased in 2008 and one in 2009. The two of the three properties acquired in 2008 were written off due to insufficient reserves. The first was drilled in November 2008 in Crane County, Texas and was plugged and abandoned and fully impaired in 2008. The second well (Qualmay #1) commenced drilling in November 2008 in Park County, Wyoming. This well was completed with natural gas and oil results, but after two fracture procedures the well was deemed commercially unsuccessful and was shut in. The Qualmay #1 was fully impaired for financial statement purposes in 2009 due to the lack of commercial reserves. The Company was successful in selling our 35% working interest\this property in December 2010 and recovered approximately $39,000 of costs expensed previously. The third lease, on 2,500 acres in Pine Valley, Nevada was acquired in July 2008 and was the lease expired and written off in 2010. The cost of drilling this Nevada well to explore this property was greater than the Company’s financial ability to complete it and we were unable to find partners or sell the property prior to the lease exploration period.

 

In December 2009, the Company entered into an equipment lease agreement with Mandalay Energy, Inc. (“Mandalay”) to provide funds for the workover of four (4) oil and gas wells with an option to workover six (6) additional wells on a 40 acre lease located in Pawnee County, Oklahoma at a cost to the Company of $300,000. Shortly after workover operations commenced the operations were delayed by a dispute over leasehold rights by a new owner of the lease. Litigation between the landowner, and a cross complaint by Mandalay, has stopped development of the property until each party’s legal right are determined.

 

In 2010, the Company entered into a written settlement agreement with Mandalay for the recovery of $354,000 plus legal fees, none of which has been received pending the outcome of the above mentioned litigation. To minimize our exposure in this property, the Company also entered into a written agreement with CAVU Resources, Inc. in September 2010 which provide for the return to us $130,000 of this investment, plus interest, which amount was expected to be paid in June 2011. When received, this payment will in turn offset a similar amount of the settlement owed to us by Mandalay.

 

The Company took an impairment of $1,340,852 in the years ended December 31, 2012 and $75,000 in 2011 to reflect our revised estimate of the net realizable value which will be ultimately recoverable from oil and gas properties of our Andora shares and other oil and gas properties.

 

During 2012, the Company had several opportunities to invest in new oil and gas properties. However, the Company was unable to obtain additional financing to invest in any new projects. The Company’s ability to invest in future oil and gas transactions is dependent upon our ability to obtain additional financing on terms satisfactory to us, if at all. See “Risk Factors.”

 

4
 

  

Andora Energy Corporation (formerly Signet Energy)

  

In 2005, we formed a Canadian subsidiary that entered into an agreement to drill wells in the Sawn Lake Property located in Northern Alberta, Canada with Deep Well Oil & Gas, Inc. (“Deep Well”) and Northern Alberta Oil, Ltd. (“NAOL”). In November 2005, that subsidiary renamed Signet Energy, Inc. (“Signet”) was reorganized. Surge issued 5.1 million of common stock in its Canadian subsidiary to former Signet officers, directors and certain shareholders, and transferred shares of Signet to Deep Well and NAOL and Surge.

 

Surge retained 10,500,000 shares of Signet after the foregoing transaction (approximately 49%) of Signet on a non-diluted basis. As a result, we became a minority shareholder in Signet, and obtained leases of oil and gas properties from Deep Well and NAOL. In July 2006, our interest in Signet was further diluted by the issuance of additional equity by Signet. On September 17, 2007, Signet combined with Andora Energy Corporation (“Andora”), resulting in further dilution of our interest in the combined entity to approximately 5.6% of the fully diluted shares of Andora. In exchange for our Signet shares we received 3,429,138 shares of Andora.

 

In 2009, as a result of the dismissal of lawsuits and settlement agreements, we received 252,361 Andora shares from a settlement with our former Chief Executive Officer. We also paid out 75,000 shares in settlement with a former director.

 

In another settlement with Andora dated February 2, 2010, 375,000 Andora shares were paid to Andora in full payment of all outstanding claims of approximately $560,000 owed Andora for legal fees in conjunction with a lawsuit.

 

In 2010 and 2011, we transferred a total of 33,333 Andora shares to our former Chief Executive Officer in lieu of $20,000 in salary.

 

In October 2012, the Company agreed to issue a total of 308,780 Andora shares in settlement of amounts owed to its current Chief Financial Officer (and formerly its Chief Executive Officer) and another creditor.

 

In October 2012, the Company agreed it would take steps to contribute as promptly as possible approximately 2,886,000 shares of common stock of Andora held by it to its wholly-owned subsidiary, Cold Flow Energy ULC, an Alberta corporation (“Cold Flow”), or a newly-formed wholly-owned subsidiary, Surge Holding Co., a Delaware corporation (either or both, the “Holding Company”). The Buyers and the Company have agreed that the Holding Company and the Andora Shares will not be disposed of by the Company for any purpose until the later of (i) April 30, 2014 or (ii) 180 days after the subsequent closing date (the “Distribution Date”). This restriction on the time period for the disposition of the Andora Shares or of the Holding Company may be waived in the event that the value of the total non-cash assets of the Company exceeds the value of the Andora Shares. Three of the Company’s current directors, Charles V. Sage, Edwin J. Korhonen and E. Jamie Schloss, were appointed directors of the Holding Company and Messrs. Sage and Schloss were appointed officers of the Holding Company. The Buyers and the Company have agreed that such persons shall remain in such roles through the Distribution Date.

 

On the Distribution Date, the Company will distribute the shares of the Holding Company (or the Andora Shares) or a liquidating dividend to the shareholders of the Company other than the Buyers and their affiliates and transferees and any other holders of the Common Stock issued subsequent to the closing dates (including any purchaser of Common Stock of the Company in any private placement subsequent to the closing dates but excluding holders who have obtained shares in the public markets); provided, however, that such a dividend can be paid pursuant to applicable corporate laws and in compliance with all securities laws. The mechanism for such distribution shall be agreed upon between the Company and the majority of the directors of the Holding Company.

 

Andora is a privately owned oil and gas company which is 71.80% owned and controlled by Pan Orient Energy Corp., a Canadian energy company listed on the TSX Venture Exchange.

 

As of December 31, 2012, we owned a total of 2,889,386 shares in Andora valued at $1,733,632 for financial statement purposes ($0.60 per share) after taking write downs of $1,340,852 in fiscal 2012 due to market conditions.

 

5
 

  

Other

 

In 2010, the Company sold the remaining 50,000 Good Energy shares for $122,500.

 

In 2010, the Company issued a total of 2,200,000 pre reverse split common shares for net total proceeds of $218,000.

 

In December 2010, the Company sold its interest in the Qualmay #12-42 well in Wyoming for $10,000.00 in cash due in March, 2011, plus forgiveness of lease operating expenses on the well totaling $19,405, and release of any plugging liability (estimated previously at $10,500), for a total recovery of $39,405.

 

During 2011, the Company sold a total of 2,250,000 common shares for $67,500.

 

In September 2011, the Company issued a Convertible Note to Asher Enterprises for $45,000 and repaid the Note in full in February, 2012. See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for complete details.

 

In January 2012, the Company issued 170,000 pre reverse split common shares at $0.03 per common share.

 

In October 2012, the Company issued a total of 7,000,000 post reverse split common shares for total proceeds of $350,000.

 

In November 2012, the Company received $100,000 in cash for the purchase an additional 3,216,715 post reverse split common shares, which shares were subscribed for but were unissued at December 31, 2012 pending an increase in authorized shares and the completion of the proposed reverse 1 for 20 stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013.

 

Competition

 

The oil and gas business is highly competitive. Subject to additional financing, of which we can provide no assurances, we will try to compete with private, public and state-owned companies in all facets of the oil business, including suppliers of energy and fuel to industrial, commercial and individual customers. Numerous independent and major oil and gas companies and oil and gas syndicates actively seek out and bid for both oil and gas prospects with substantially greater financial and personnel resources and operating histories than we do. Competitive conditions may be substantially affected by various forms of energy legislation and/or regulation considered from time to time by the government of the United States and other countries, as well as factors that we cannot control, including international political conditions, overall levels of supply properties as well as for the services of third-party providers, such as drilling companies, upon which we rely. Many of these companies not only explore for, produce and market oil and natural gas, but also carry out refining operations and market the resultant products on a worldwide basis.

 

Government and Environmental Regulation

 

Our operations will be subject to extensive and developing federal, state and local laws and regulations in the United States relating to environmental, health and safety matters; laws affecting petroleum, chemical products and materials; and waste management. Permits, registrations or other authorizations are required for the operation of certain of our facilities and for our oil and gas exploration and production activities. These permits, registrations or authorizations are subject to revocation, modification and renewal. Governmental authorities have the power to enforce compliance with these regulatory requirements, the provisions of required permits, registrations or other authorizations, lease conditions, and violators are subject to civil and criminal penalties, including fines, injunctions or both. Failure to obtain or maintain a required permit may also result in the imposition of civil and criminal penalties. Third parties may have the right to sue to enforce compliance. Foreign and domestic development, production and sale of oil are extensively regulated in Canada at both the federal and state levels. Legislation affecting the oil and gas industry is under constant review for amendment or expansion, frequently increasing the regulatory burden. Also, numerous departments and agencies, in Canada and at federal and state levels, have issued rules and regulations binding on the oil and gas industry and its individual members, compliance with which is often difficult and costly and some of which carry substantial penalties for failure to comply. Canada and multiple state statutes and regulations where we intend to conduct operations require permits for drilling operations, drilling bonds and reports concerning wells. Such jurisdictions also have statutes and regulations governing conservation matters, including the unitization or pooling of oil and gas properties and establishment of maximum rates of production from oil and gas wells.

 

Some risk of costs and liabilities related to environmental, health and safety matters is inherent in our operations, as it is with other companies engaged in similar businesses, and there can be no assurance that material costs or liabilities will not be incurred. In addition, it is possible that future developments, such as stricter requirements of environmental or health and safety laws and regulations affecting our business or more stringent interpretations of, or enforcement policies with respect to, such laws and regulations, could adversely affect us. To meet changing permitting and operational standards, we may be required, over time, to make site or operational modifications at our facilities, some of which might be significant and could involve substantial expenditures. There can be no assurance that material costs or liabilities will not arise from these or additional environmental matters that may be discovered or otherwise may arise from future requirements of laws in the United States and Canada.

 

6
 

  

Number of Total Employees and Number of Full-time Employees

 

At December 31, 2012, the Company had four (4) full time employees. From our inception through the period ended December 31, 2012, we have relied on the services of outside consultants for services in addition to from one (1) to four (4) full-time employees. In order for us to attract and retain quality personnel, we anticipate we will have to offer competitive salaries to future employees. As we continue to expand, we may incur additional costs for personnel and consultants. This projected increase in personnel is dependent upon our generating revenues and obtaining sources of financing. There is no guarantee that we will be successful in raising the funds required or generating revenues sufficient to fund the projected increase in the number of employees. None of our employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements, and we believe our relations with our employees are favorable.

  

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in our common stock is speculative and involves a high degree of risk and uncertainty. You should carefully consider the risks described below, together with the other information contained in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto of our company, before deciding to invest in our common stock. The risks described below are not the only ones facing our company. Additional risks not presently known to us or that we presently consider immaterial may also adversely affect our company. If any of the following risks occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations and the value of our common stock could be materially and adversely affected.

 

RISKS RELATED TO OUR COMPANY

 

Risk Factors

 

Loss of Investment Company Act Exclusion Would Adversely Affect Our Business

 

Surge currently relies on section 3(c)(9) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“1940 Act”) to avoid federal registration and regulation as an investment company. Section 3(c)(9) excludes from the 1940 Act’s definition on investment company “[a]ny person substantially all of whose business consists of owning or holding oil, gas, or other mineral royalties or leases, or fractional interests therein, or certificates of interest or participation in or investment contracts related to such mineral royalties or leases, or fractional interests therein relative to such royalties, leases, or fractional interests.”

 

Any future failure by Surge to qualify for the section 3(c)(9) exclusion, or any other exemption or exclusion from the 1940 Act or the rules there under, could cause Surge to be required to register with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as an investment company under the 1940 Act or to reorganize its business so as to avoid such registration and regulation. Regulation and registration as an investment company under the 1940 Act and the rules there under would, among other things, prevent Surge from conducting its business as described herein and would create additional expenses and divert management time.

 

We will need additional financing to carry out our business plans and to finance our future operations.

 

We have a history of net losses and expect that our operating expenses will continue the need to raise additional financing as we have no revenues. Our business model contemplates expansion of our business by identifying and purchasing or leasing additional oil and gas properties, subject to availability of sufficient cash resources. To make these purchases or leases, our capital needs will increase substantially. In 2012, we had opportunities to make investments in oil and gas properties but we did not have sufficient resources to complete any transactions. We have limited working capital and cash resources to fund our oil and gas exploration operations. We may need to become involved in litigation to preserve our rights, the outcome and legal expense of which could adversely affect our operations and cash resources. We plan to attempt to obtain our future funding that we will need to drill wells on leases owned, to lease additional properties and to otherwise finance our operations through debt and equity markets or joint venture agreements with third parties; however, we can provide no assurances that we will be able to obtain additional funding (and/or joint venture partners willing to fund specific exploration projects) when it is required or that it will be available to us on commercially acceptable terms, if at all. If we fail to obtain the financing that we need when it is required, we may have to forego or delay potentially valuable opportunities to acquire new oil and gas properties or default on then existing funding commitments to third parties and forfeit or dilute our rights in any then existing oil property interests. In the event additional financing is not available to us on commercially acceptable terms, if and when needed to finance our operations and to meet our cash needs as they come due, this may seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations and may adversely affect our ability to remain a going concern on a long term basis.

 

7
 

  

We may be involved in litigation and other disputes.

 

Our business and operations may subject us to claims, litigation and other proceedings brought by private parties and governmental authorities. Any claim that is successfully asserted against us could result in significant damage claims and other losses. Even if we were to prevail, any litigation could be costly and time-consuming and would divert the attention of our management and key personnel from our business operations, which adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

We have a history of net operating losses.

 

We have a history of net operating losses and we will need to generate substantial revenues to achieve profitability. In the short term we must realize value from our existing assets or generate earnings from our oil and gas activities. We may not be able to generate revenue either in the short term or the longer term. Even if we do achieve profitability, we cannot assure you that we will be able to sustain or increase profitability on a quarterly or annual basis in the future. There can be no assurance that future operations will be profitable. Revenues and profits, if any, will depend upon various factors, including whether we will be able to continue expansion of our operations and sell or finance existing assets. We may not achieve our business objectives and the failure to achieve such goals would have an adverse impact on us. Our future performance is dependent upon our ability to identify, acquire and implement the strategy to develop oil properties for production or resale which may delay shareholder return on investment for years.

 

We are an exploration stage company with a history of losses and operating accumulated deficit of $41,017,696.

 

In January 2005, as a result of the disposal of our tobacco wholesale business in December 2004, and the restructuring of our management and ownership, we began implementing plans to establish an oil and gas exploration business. As a result, we are an exploration stage enterprise, as defined by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 7 with only a limited operating history upon which to base an evaluation of our current business and future prospects, and we then commenced to implement our business plan. Since our inception and the inception of our exploration stage on January 1, 2005, we have suffered recurring losses from operations and have been dependent on new investment to sustain our operations.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2012, we reported a net operating loss of $1,708,820. We cannot give any assurances that we can achieve profits from operations. For the period from inception of exploration stage through December 31, 2012, the Company has accumulated losses from development stage operations of $41,017,696.

 

Our success will depend upon our ability to acquire working and revenue interests in properties upon which oil reserves are ultimately discovered in commercial quantities for production capability or to attract the interest of larger oil field companies. We do not have an established history of locating and developing properties that have oil and gas reserves. We do not presently have adequate working capital to invest in new properties. We can provide no assurance that oil and gas will be discovered in commercial quantities in any of the properties we currently hold interests in or properties in which we may acquire interests in the future.

 

We may not have good and marketable title to our properties.

 

It is customary in the oil and gas industry that upon acquiring an interest in a non-producing property, only a preliminary title investigation be done at that time and that a drilling title opinion be done prior to the initiation of drilling, neither of which can substitute for a complete title investigation. We have followed this custom and intend to continue to follow this custom in the future. Furthermore, title insurance is not available for mineral leases, and we will not obtain title insurance or other guaranty or warranty of good title. If the title to our prospects should prove to be defective, we could lose the costs that we have incurred in their acquisition, or incur substantial costs for curative title work.

 

8
 

  

We do not operate any of our properties or the entities in which we hold interests and we therefore have no influence over the testing, drilling and production operations of our properties. Our lack of control means:

 

  if an operator refuses to initiate a project, we might be unable to pursue the project;
  the operator might initiate exploration or development on a faster or slower pace than we prefer; and
  the operator might obtain additional financing which may further dilute our interest in the property as well as trigger additional asset impairment.

 

Any of these events could materially reduce the value of our properties as currently stated in our financial statements.

 

Information in this report regarding our future exploration and development projects reflects our current intent and is subject to change.

 

We do not currently have any new exploration and development projects. Whether we ultimately undertake additional exploration or development projects will depend on the following factors:

 

  availability and cost of capital both by the Company and our planned majority partners;
  receipt of additional seismic data or the reprocessing of existing data;
  current and projected oil or natural gas prices;
  reserve results could be less than our anticipated recovery rate range;
  success or failure of activities in similar areas;
  changes in the estimates of the costs to complete the projects;
 

our ability to attract other industry partners to acquire a portion of the working interest to reduce

costs and exposure to risks;

  decisions of our joint working interest owners and partners; and
 

market prices for our oil field assets could change and could vary when the development efforts and subsequent oil field values accrue. 

 

We will continue to gather data about projects and it is possible that additional information will cause us to alter our schedule or determine that a project should not be pursued at all. You should understand that our plans regarding our projects might change. Reserve estimates also require numerous assumptions relating to operating conditions and economic factors, including the price at which recovered oil and gas can be sold, the costs of recovery, assumptions concerning future operating costs, severance and excise taxes, development costs and workover and remedial costs, prevailing environmental conditions associated with drilling and production sites, availability of enhanced recovery techniques, ability to transport oil and gas to markets and governmental and other regulatory factors, such as taxes and environmental laws. A negative change in any one or more of these factors could result in quantities of oil and gas previously estimated as proved reserves becoming uneconomic. For example, a decline in the market price of oil or gas to an amount that is less than the cost of recovery of such oil or gas in a particular location could make production commercially impracticable. The risk that a decline in price could have that effect is magnified in the case of reserves requiring sophisticated or expensive production enhancement technology and equipment, such as some types of heavy oil. Each of these factors, by having an impact on the cost of recovery and the rate of production, will also affect the present value of future net cash flows from estimated reserves.

 

9
 

  

We rely heavily upon reserve, geological and engineering data when determining whether or not to invest in a particular oil and gas property.

 

The reserve, geological and engineering data information that we use in evaluating oil and gas prospects is based on estimates involving a great deal of uncertainty. Different engineers may make different estimates of reserves and cash flows based on the same available data. Reserve estimates depend in large part upon the reliability of available geologic and engineering data, which is inherently imprecise. Geologic and engineering data are used to determine the probability that a reservoir of oil and gas exists at a particular location, and whether oil and/or gas and natural gas are recoverable from a reservoir. Recoverability is ultimately subject to the accuracy of data including, but not limited to, geological characteristics of the reservoir, structure, reservoir fluid properties, the size and boundaries of the drainage area, reservoir pressure, and the anticipated rate of pressure depletion. The evaluation of these and other factors is based upon available seismic data, computer modeling, well tests and information obtained from production of oil and gas from adjacent or similar properties, but the probability of the existence and recoverability of reserves is less than 100% and actual recoveries of proved reserves can differ from estimates.

 

Our ability to produce sufficient quantities of oil and gas from our properties may be adversely affected by a number of factors outside of our control.

 

The business of exploring for and producing gas involves a substantial risk of investment loss. Drilling wells involves the risk that the wells may be unproductive or that, although productive, that the wells may not produce oil in economic quantities. Other hazards, such as unusual or unexpected geological formations, pressures, fires, blowouts, loss of circulation of drilling fluids or other conditions may substantially delay or prevent completion of any well. Adverse weather conditions can also hinder drilling operations. A productive well may become uneconomic due to pressure depletion, water encroachment, mechanical difficulties or other reasons which impair or prevent the production of oil and gas from the well.

 

There can be no assurance that oil and gas will be produced from the properties in which we have interests. In addition, the marketability of any oil and gas that we acquire or discover may be influenced by numerous factors beyond our control. These factors include the proximity and capacity of oil and gas pipelines and processing equipment, market fluctuations of prices, taxes, royalties, land tenure, allowable production and environmental protection. We cannot predict how these factors may affect our business. In addition, the success of our business is dependent upon the efforts of various third parties that we do not control. We rely upon various companies to assist us in identifying desirable oil prospects to acquire and to provide us with technical assistance and services. We also rely upon the services of geologists, geophysicists, chemists, engineers and other scientists to explore and analyze oil prospects to determine a method in which the oil prospects may be developed in a cost-effective manner. In addition, we rely upon the owners and operators of oil drilling equipment to drill and develop our prospects to production or to attract the interest of larger oil field companies. Although we have developed relationships with a number of third-party service providers, we cannot assure that we will be able to continue to rely on such persons. If any of these relationships with third-party service providers are terminated or are unavailable on commercially acceptable terms, we may not be able to execute our business plan.

 

If we are unable to access our properties or conduct our operations due to legal or surface conditions, our business will be adversely affected.

 

Our exploration and development of oil and gas reserves depends upon access to the areas where our operations are to be conducted. We may conduct a portion of our operations in regions where we are only able to do so on a seasonal basis. Unless the surface is sufficiently frozen, we may be unable to access our properties, drill or otherwise conduct our operations as planned. In addition, if the surface thaws earlier than expected, we would have to cease our operations for the season earlier than planned. Our operations may become affected by road bans imposed from time to time during the break-up and thaw period in the spring. Road bans are also imposed due to snow, mud and rock slides and periods of high water, which can restrict access to our well sites and production facility sites. Our inability to access our properties or to conduct our operations as planned could result in a shutdown or slow down of our operations, which will adversely affect our business.

 

Essential equipment might not be available.

 

Oil and gas exploration and development activities depend upon the availability of drilling and related equipment in the particular areas where those activities will be conducted. Demand for that equipment or access restrictions may affect the availability of that equipment to us and delay our exploration and development activities.

 

Pipeline capacity may be inadequate.

 

There may be periods of time when pipeline capacity is inadequate to meet our gas transportation needs. It is often the case that as new development comes online, pipelines are close to or at capacity. During periods when pipeline capacity is inadequate, we may be forced to reduce production or incur additional expense as existing production is compressed to fit into existing pipelines.

 

10
 

  

Our reliance on third parties for gathering and distribution could curtail future exploration and production activities.

 

The marketability of our oil and or gas production will depend on the proximity of our reserves to and the capacity of third party services and facilities, including oil and natural gas gathering systems, pipelines, trucking or terminal facilities, and processing facilities. The unavailability or insufficient capacity of these facilities and services could force us to shut-in producing wells, delay the commencement of production, or discontinue development plans for some of our properties, which would adversely affect our financial condition and performance.

 

Our compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other Securities and Exchange Commission rules concerning internal controls are time consuming, difficult and costly for us.

 

It may be time consuming, difficult and costly for us to develop and implement provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act applicable to us. We may need to hire additional financial reporting, internal controls and other finance staff in order to develop and implement appropriate internal controls and reporting procedures. If we are unable to comply with the internal controls and other requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, we may not be able to obtain the independent accountant certifications that the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires publicly-traded companies to obtain.

 

The loss of key employees would materially adversely affect our ability to operate our business and implement our business plan.

 

Our business operations are presently managed by two key employees, Clark Morton, who serves as our Chief Executive Officer and E. Jamie Schloss, who serves as our Chief Financial Officer. The loss of the services of either of these employees could seriously impair our business operations. Mr. Schloss’ employment contract expired on October 19, 2012 and he continues as an employee on a month to month basis. Mr. Morton is also an employee on a month to month basis. We do not have key man life insurance on our Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer, or any of our executives, directors or employees. We can provide no assurances that Mr. Morton’s or Mr. Schloss’ employment will be extended on terms satisfactory to us, if at all, or that qualified replacements can be hired by the Company on reasonable terms.

 

Complying with environmental and other government regulations could be costly and could negatively impact production.

 

Our business is governed by numerous laws and regulations at various levels of government. These laws and regulations govern the operation and maintenance of our facilities, the discharge of materials into the environment and other environmental protection issues. The laws and regulations may, among other potential consequences, require that we acquire permits before commencing drilling, restrict the substances that can be released into the environment with drilling and production activities, limit or prohibit drilling activities on protected areas such as wetlands or wilderness areas, require that reclamation measures be taken to prevent pollution from former operations, require remedial measures to mitigate pollution from former operations, such as plugging abandoned wells and remediating contaminated soil and groundwater, and require remedial measures to be taken with respect to property designated as a contaminated site.

 

Under these laws and regulations, we could be liable for personal injury, clean-up costs and other environmental and damages, as well as administrative, civil and criminal penalties. We are currently evaluating insurance coverage for sudden and accidental environmental damages as well as environmental damage that occurs over time. However, we do not believe that insurance coverage for the full potential liability of environmental damages is available at a reasonable cost. Accordingly, we could be liable, or could be required to cease production on properties, if environmental damage occurs.

 

The costs of complying with environmental laws and regulations in the future may harm our business. Furthermore, future changes in environmental laws and regulations could occur that result in stricter standards and enforcement, larger fines and liability, and increased capital expenditures and operating costs, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Review of Risks Arising from Compensation Policies and Practices

 

We have reviewed our compensation policies and practices for all employees and we concluded that any risks arising from our policies and practices are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company, although no assurances can be given in this regard.

 

11
 

    

The successful implementation of our business plan is subject to risks inherent in the oil and gas business.

 

Our oil and gas operations are subject to the economic risks typically associated with exploration, development production activities and locating suitable purchasers of our properties, including the necessity of significant expenditures to locate, acquire and drill exploratory wells. In addition, the cost and timing of drilling, completing and operating wells is often uncertain In conducting exploration and development activities, the presence of unanticipated pressure or irregularities in formations, miscalculations or accidents may cause our exploration, development and production activities to be unsuccessful. This could result in a total loss of our investment in a particular property. If exploration efforts are unsuccessful in establishing proved reserves and exploration activities cease, the amounts accumulated as unproved costs will be charged against earnings as impairments.

 

Oil and gas operations involve various hazardous risks.

 

The oil and gas business involves operating hazards such as well blowouts, craterings, explosions, uncontrollable flows of crude oil, natural gas or well fluids, fires, formations with abnormal pressures, pipeline ruptures or spills, pollution, releases of toxic gas and other environmental hazards and risks. Personal injuries, damage to property and equipment, reservoir damage, or loss of reserves may occur if such a catastrophe occurs, any one of which could cause us to experience substantial losses. In addition, we may be liable for environmental damage caused by previous owners of properties purchased or leased by us.

 

The oil and gas industry is highly competitive.

 

The oil and gas industry is highly competitive. We compete with oil and gas companies and other individual producers and operators, many of which have longer operating histories and substantially greater financial and other resources than we do, as well as companies in other industries supplying energy, fuel and other needs to consumers. Many of these companies not only explore for and produce crude oil and gas, but also carry on refining operations and market petroleum and other products on a worldwide basis. In addition, we compete with other oil development firms in marketing their properties to other larger oil field operators. Our larger competitors, by reason of their size and relative financial strength, can more easily access capital markets than we can and may enjoy a competitive advantage in the recruitment of qualified personnel. They may be able to absorb the burden of any changes in laws and regulation in the jurisdictions in which we do business and handle longer periods of reduced prices of gas and oil more easily than we can. Our competitors may be able to pay more for productive oil and gas properties and may be able to define, evaluate, bid for and purchase a greater number of properties and prospects than we can. Our ability to acquire additional properties in the future will depend upon our availability of cash resources, ability to conduct efficient operations, evaluate and select suitable properties, implement advanced technologies and consummate transactions in a highly competitive environment.

  

Market fluctuations in the prices of oil and gas could adversely affect our business.

 

Prices for oil and gas tend to fluctuate significantly in response to factors beyond our control. These factors include, but are not limited to, acts of terrorists, the continued threat of war in the Middle East and actions of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and its maintenance of production constraints, the United States. economic environment, weather conditions, the availability of alternate fuel sources, transportation interruption, the impact of drilling levels on crude oil and gas supply, and the environmental and access issues that could limit future drilling activities for the industry.

 

Changes in commodity prices may significantly affect our capital resources, liquidity and expected operating results. Price changes directly affect revenues and can indirectly impact expected production by changing the amount of funds available to reinvest in exploration and development activities. Reductions in oil and gas prices not only reduce revenues and profits, but could also reduce the quantities of reserves that are commercially recoverable. Significant declines in prices could result in non-cash charges to earnings due to impairment.

 

Changes in commodity prices may also significantly affect our ability to estimate the value of producing properties for acquisition and divestiture and often cause disruption in the market for oil and gas producing properties, as buyers and sellers have difficulty agreeing on the value of the properties. Price volatility also makes it difficult to budget for and project the return on acquisitions and development and exploration of projects. We expect that commodity prices will continue to fluctuate significantly in the future.

 

12
 

  

RISKS RELATED TO OUR STOCK

 

Insiders have substantial control over us, and they could delay or prevent a change in our corporate control even if our other stockholders wanted it to occur.

 

Our executive officers, directors, and principal stockholders who hold 5% or more of the outstanding common stock and their affiliates beneficially own a significant percentage of our Company. See “Item 12.” These stockholders are able to exercise significant control over all matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors and approval of significant corporate transactions. This could delay or prevent an outside party from acquiring or merging with us even if our other stockholders wanted it to occur.

 

We do not expect to pay cash dividends.

 

We have not paid cash dividends since inception on our common stock, and we do not contemplate paying dividends in the foreseeable future on our common stock in order to use all of our earnings, if any, to finance expansion of our business plans.

  

Future sales of our common stock may cause our stock price to decline.

 

Our stock price may decline by future sales of our shares or the perception that such sales may occur. If we issue additional shares of common stock in private financings under an exemption from the registration laws, then those shares will constitute “restricted shares” as defined in Rule 144 under the Securities Act. The restricted shares may only be sold if they are registered under the Securities Act, or sold under Rule 144, or another exemption from registration under the Securities Act.

 

Our stock price may declare at such time as we make a  distribution of the Andora common stock.

 

All of our outstanding shares of common stock are either free trading or eligible for sale pursuant to Rule 144 in accordance with requirements and the limitation contained therein. We are unable to estimate the amount, timing, or nature of future sales of outstanding common stock. Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market may cause the stock’s market price to decline.

 

Our stock price can be extremely volatile.

 

Our common stock is traded on the OTCQB Bulletin Board and the Pink Sheets. There can be no assurance that an active public market will continue for the common stock, or that the market price for the common stock will not decline below its current price. Such price may be influenced by many factors, including, but not limited to, investor perception of us and our industry and general economic and market conditions. The trading price of the common stock could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to announcements of our business developments or our competitors, quarterly variations in operating results, and other events or factors. In addition, stock markets have experienced extreme price volatility in recent years. This volatility has had a substantial effect on the market prices of companies, at times for reasons unrelated to their operating performance. Such broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the price of our common stock. Generally, brokers may be less willing to execute transactions in securities subject to the “penny stock” rules. This may make it more difficult for investors to dispose of our common stock and cause a decline in the market value of our stock.

 

If we fail to remain current on our reporting requirements, we could be removed from the OTCXB Bulletin Board, we could be subject enforcement action by the Securities and Exchange Commission or we could incur liability to our shareholders.

 

Companies trading on the OTCQB Bulletin Board, such as us, must be reporting issuers under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and must be current in their reports in order to maintain price quotation privileges on the OTC Bulletin Board. If we fail to remain current on our reporting requirements, we could be removed from the OTC Bulletin Board. As a result, the market liquidity for our securities could be severely adversely affected by limiting the ability of broker-dealers to sell our securities and the ability of stockholders to sell their securities in the secondary market. Failure to remain current in our reporting obligations might also subject us to enforcement action by the Securities and Exchange Commission or private rights of action by our shareholders.

 

Our common stock is subject to the “penny stock” rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the trading market in our securities is limited, which makes transactions in our stock cumbersome and may reduce the value of an investment in our stock.

 

13
 

  

The Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted Rule 15g-9 which establishes the definition of a “penny stock,” for the purposes relevant to us, as any equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share or with an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. For any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, the rules require:

 

that a broker or dealer approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks; and

 

the broker or dealer receives from the investor a written agreement to the transaction, setting forth the identity and quantity of the penny stock to be purchased. In order to approve a person’s account for transactions in penny stocks, the broker or dealer must:

  

obtain financial information and investment experience objectives of the person; and

 

make a reasonable determination that the transactions in penny stocks are suitable for that person and the person has sufficient knowledge and experience in financial matters to be capable of evaluating the risks of transactions in penny stocks.

  

The broker or dealer must also deliver, prior to any transaction in a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prescribed by the Commission relating to the penny stock market, which, in highlight form:

 

sets forth the basis on which the broker or dealer made the suitability determination; and

 

that the broker or dealer received, prior to the transaction but after a waiting period of at least two business days, a signed acknowledgement of the suitability determination from the investor and an agreement from the investor to purchase the penny stock.

 

Disclosure also has to be made about the risks of investing in penny stocks in both public offerings and in secondary trading and about the commissions payable to both the broker-dealer and the registered representative, current quotations for the securities and the rights and remedies available to an investor in cases of fraud in penny stock transactions. Finally, monthly statements have to be sent disclosing recent price information for the penny stock held in the account and information on the limited market in penny stocks.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

 

Our principal executive offices are presently located at 75-153 Merle Drive, Suite B, Palm Desert, California 92211. This space was sub-leased on May 1, 2011 at a current rental of $225.00 per month on a month to month basis. Our facilities are in good condition for their intended use as offices and are sufficient to meet our present needs.

 

We commenced oil and gas exploration activities in February 2005. However, (1) we did not engage in any production activities during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, nor did we have any proved reserves at the end of such periods, and thus, were not required to provide any of the production data required by ASC 932 (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 69, (2) we did not engage in any drilling activities during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 applicable to ASC 932. We did commence drilling activities in 2008 but none of the properties were proved as of December 31, 2012 and have been substantially written off.

 

Undeveloped acreage is considered to be those lease acres on which wells have not been drilled or completed to a point that would permit the production of commercial quantities of oil or natural gas, regardless of whether or not that acreage contains proved reserves, but does not include undrilled acreage held by production under the terms of a lease. As is customary in the oil and gas industry, we can generally retain our interest in undeveloped acreage by drilling activity that establishes commercial production sufficient to maintain the leases or by paying delay rentals during the remaining primary term of such a lease.

 

We do not have any obligations under existing contracts or agreements calling for the provision of fixed and determinable quantities of oil and gas over the next three years, and have therefore not filed any information or reports with any federal authority or agency, containing estimates of total, proved developed or undeveloped net oil or gas reserves.

 

14
 

  

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

The Company’s business and operations may subject the Company to claims, litigation and other proceedings brought by private parties and governmental authorities. The Company has in the past been involved in contract and indemnity disputes in several litigation matters. Currently there is no ongoing litigation. Litigation can involve complex factual and legal questions and its outcome is uncertain. Any claim that is successfully asserted against us could result in significant damage claims and other losses and could adversely affect our financial condition. Even if the Company were to prevail, any litigation could be costly and time-consuming and would divert the attention of our management and key personnel from our business operations, which adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

2009 Default Judgment solely against Subsidiary

 

On September 30, 2009, the Company’s wholly owned Nevada subsidiary, Surge Energy Resources, Inc., was sued by Three Span Oil & Gas, Inc., in Midland Texas (Case #CC15386) for nonpayment of $60,125. The action arises out of an operating agreement between the Plaintiff and the Defendant pursuant to which Surge Energy Resource, Inc. is alleged to have agreed to make certain payments of $20,000 on August 14, 2009, September 1, 2009 and October 1, 2009 until a $56,239 deficiency was paid. The entire amount of this claim was accrued by Surge Energy Resources, Inc. as of December 31, 2009. The action against Surge Energy Resource, Inc. was for breach of contract, plus attorneys’ fees. Surge Energy Resources, Inc. had no material assets or operations. A default judgment was entered into against only Surge Energy Resources, Inc. for $60,125 plus fees in December, 2009. Surge Energy Resources, Inc. had no assets at December 31, 2012.

 

Other than the foregoing, there are no other legal proceedings pending against the Company.

  

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None.

  

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASE OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Market for Common Stock

 

Our common stock is quoted dually on the OTCXB Bulletin Board and the Pink Sheets under the trading symbol “SRGG.” The following table sets forth the high and low bid prices for our common stock for the periods indicated. Such quotations are taken from information provided by “Yahoo! Finance” and reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commissions, and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

Please note that all common stock figures below have been adjusted for the 1 for 20 reverse stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013.

 

Quarter Ended   High    Low 
December 31, 2012  $0.40   $0.10 
September 30, 2012  $0.60   $0.36 
June 30,2012  $0.72   $0.16 
March  31, 2012  $0.40   $0.10 
December 31, 2011  $0.80   $0.40 
September 30, 2011  $0.80   $0.40 
June 30, 2011  $2.80   $0.60 
March 31, 2011  $2.00   $0.62 

 

American Stock Transfer Co.& Trust Company (6201 15th Avenue, New York, NY 11219) is the transfer agent for our common shares. As of March 15, 2013, we had 12,019,673 shares of common stock outstanding (adjusted for the reverse 1 for 20 stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013) and approximately 1,100 stockholders of record.

 

15
 

  

Dividend Policy

 

We have never declared or paid dividends on our common stock, and we do not anticipate that we will do so in the foreseeable future. We intend to retain future earnings, if any, for use in our operations and the expansion of our business.

 

Sale of Unregistered Securities

 

During the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 there were no sales of securities by the Company, except as follows:

 

Date of Sale   Title of
Security
 

Number

Sold

  Consideration
Received,
Commissions
  Purchasers  

Exemption

from

Registration

Claimed

                     
January and March, 2011   Common Stock and Warrants  (1)   112,500 shares and 112,500 warrants   $67,500 received from three Investors; no commissions were paid.   Accredited Investors  

Rule 506;

Section 4(2)

                     

September,

2011

  Convertible Promissory Note (2)  

$45,000

Principal

Amount

  $45,000 gross proceeds from one investor; no commissions paid.   Accredited Investor   Section 4(2)
                     
January, 2012   Common Stock and warrants (3)   8,500 common shares and 8,500 warrants   $5,000 received from one investor   Accredited Investor  

Rule 506;

Section 4(2)

                     
June, 2012   Convertible Promissory Note (4)  

$60,000

Principal

Amount

  $60,000 gross proceeds from one investor; no commissions were paid   Accredited Investor   Section 4(2)
                     
October, 2012   Common stock   7,000,000 common shares   $350,000 received from two investors   Accredited Investors  

Rule 506;

Section 4(2)

 

Note: All of the above figures shown are after the reverse stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013.

 

(1)The Company sold and issued in a private placement Units at a cost of $30,000 per Unit. Each full Unit consisted of 50,000 shares of Common Stock at $0.60 per share and Warrants to purchase 50,000 shares, exercisable over a period of one year at a price of $1.00 per share.

 

(2)On August 17, 2011, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with Asher Enterprises, Inc. (“Asher”), for the sale of an 8% convertible note in the principal amount of $45,000 (the “Note”) which agreement was effective upon funding. The financing closed on September 23, 2011. The Note was retired by the Company in February 2012, together with a premium payment $18,000. The Note bore interest at the rate of 8% per annum. All interest and principal had to be repaid on or before June 21, 2012. Any unpaid portions of the Note would have been convertible commencing on or after March 23, 2012 into common stock, at Asher’s option, at a 40% discount to the average of the three lowest closing bid prices of the common stock during the 10 trading day period prior to conversion.

 

(3)On January 5, 2012, the Company sold 170,000 pre reverse split common shares (8,500 post reverse split common shares) plus warrants for $5,100.

 

(4)On June 1, 2012, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with Asher Enterprises, Inc. (“Asher”), for the sale of an 8% convertible note in the principal amount of $45,000 (the “Note”) which agreement was effective upon funding. The financing closed on June 5, 2012. The Note was retired by the Company in October 2012, together with a premium payment $18,000. The Note bore interest at the rate of 8% per annum. All interest and principal had to be repaid on or before June 21, 2012. Any unpaid portions of the Note would have been convertible commencing on or after December 5 2012 into common stock, at Asher’s option, at a 40% discount to the average of the three lowest closing bid prices of the common stock during the 10 trading day period prior to conversion.

 

(5)On October 22, 2013, the Company sold 140,000,000 pre reverse split common shares (7,000,000 post reverse split shares) for a total of $350,000.

 

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Repurchase of Securities

 

During fiscal 2011, the Company did not repurchase any of its securities.

 

In 2012, the Company repurchased two convertible notes due to Asher Enterprises, Inc. for $45,000 and $65,000. Each note also required a prepayment penalty of $18,000.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not Applicable.

 

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of our financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of operations for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, should be read in conjunction with the audited annual financial statements and the notes thereto. The Company began implementing plans to establish an oil and gas development business in 2005, which plans have not been successful to date. As a result, the Company has not generated any revenues and has incurred significant operating expenses. Our consolidated financial statements are stated in United States Dollars and are prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), although we have interests in Canadian companies.

 

Overview

 

For the year ended December 31, 2012, we had a net loss from operations of $1,708,800 versus a net loss from operations of $535,800 in 2011, an increase in operating losses of $1,173,000. The net loss from operations in 2012 included an impairment of oil and gas properties of $1,340,900 versus an impairment of $75,000 in 2011 which accounted for an increased loss of $1,265,900. Our total comprehensive loss for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $1,327,000 versus a comprehensive loss of $917,000 in 2010, an increase of $410,000. This increase was composed primarily of the net increase in oil and gas impairment of $1,265,900 from 2011 to 2012 and a decrease in operating losses of $61,100. Included in the 2011 comprehensive loss was an unrealized loss of our Andora investment in the amount of $381,400 to reflect market conditions, which loss was reversed in 2012. The Company continues to seek additional capital and to utilize its assets to fund its operations, but there can be no assurance that we will be able to raise additional working capital or complete other financings in the future. These losses are described in detail in the “Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements” and are briefly summarized above in “Item 1 Business.”

 

In 2012, our financial focus will be on continuing to reduce operating expenses, realizing value from our remaining assets in order to position Surge to take advantage of oil and gas and other business opportunities, raising additional financing to meet our cash liquidity and capital resource needs as they arise through the sale of common stock, debt and/or other convertible securities and selling some of our assets to generate working capital.

 

Results of Operations

 

For the year ended December 31, 2012, we had a net loss from operations of $1,708,800 versus a net loss in 2011 of $535,800, an increased loss of $1,173,000. The net loss per share was $0.532 in 2012 on a post- reverse split basis versus a loss of $0.30 per share in 2011.

 

The Company had no operating revenues in the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011. We had a non-cash loss of $51 from the loss on sale of investments in 2012, compared with a loss of $100,925 in 2011. We also had an impairment of oil and gas and related investments of $1,340,800 in 2012 versus an impairment of oil and gas properties of $75,000 in 2011, an increase of $1,265,800.

 

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Selling general and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2012 were $345,000 compared to $ 353,200 in 2011, a decrease of $7,800. Included within this $7,800 decrease is a decrease of$5,100 in audit expenses, an increase of $35,600 in legal fees, an increase of $11,100 of insurance expense, an increase in officer salaries of $51,100, a decrease of $12,400 in consulting fees, and a decrease in non-cash compensation of $67,300. Depreciation and amortization decreased to $1,016 in 2012 from $2,911 in 2011. 

 

Net financing cash flow in 2012 was $410,100 versus cash inflows of $112,500 in 2011, an increase of $297,600 in cash flow from financing activities.

 

Net interest expense in 2012 was $21,500 versus interest expense of $3,900 in 201, an increase of $17,600.

 

Officer Employment Agreement, officer loans and accrued officer salary:

 

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company’s former Chief Executive and current Chief Financial Officer, E. Jamie Schloss, advanced the Company a net total of $78,000 at 8% interest. Including interest, the unpaid balance at December 31, 2011 was $81,181. Also during 2011 the Company accrued unpaid salary and out-of pocket expenses totaling $85,819. In total, at December 31, 2011 the Company owed Mr. Schloss $167,000.

 

During the year ending December 31, 2012, the loan balance increased from $167,000 owed at December 31, 2011 to $182,931, which balance was paid in $85,668 in cash and the balance of $97,263 paid for by 243,155 shares of Andora common stock.

 

Mr. Schloss, the Company’s current Chief Financial Officer, Clark Morton, Chief Executive Officer, William E. Fitzgerald, current President, and its Senior Vice president, Conrad Negron, were hired on a month-to-month basis at a salary of $5,000 each commencing October 1, 2012.

  

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of December 31, 2012, we had cash and cash equivalents of $90,541 versus cash of $14,659 at December 31, 2011, an increase of $75,882.  This increase was comprised from net cash flow provided in financing activities of $410,100 less cash flow used in operating activities of $334,218. See cash flow statement for complete details.

 

Our net working capital position at December 31, 2012 was a net working capital surplus of $60,289 versus a working capital deficit of $241,867 at December 31, 2011, an improvement of $181,578. Current assets declined by $71,124 caused primarily by collection of $140,000 production payment receivable, an increase in cash of $75,882, and a decrease in prepaid expenses of $7,006. Current liabilities decreased by $373,280, caused primarily by a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $144,554, a decrease in loans payable to officer of $167,000 and a decrease in notes payable to Asher Enterprises of $61,726.

 

The net cash flow deficit from operating activities in 2012 was $334,218 versus cash used in operating activities of $96,770 in 2011, an increased deficit from operating activities of $237,448. The increased deficit consisted primarily of a net loss of $1,708,820 in 2012 versus a net loss of $435,806 in 2012. Non-cash items included in the 2012 loss were an impairment of securities of $1,340,852, employee non-cash compensation paid in Andora shares of $185,268 and $28,740 in share based compensation in 2012 compared with non-cash compensation of $95,990 in 2011.

 

The net cash flow provided in financing activities of $410,100 in 2012 consists of the Company receiving proceeds from the sale of common stock of $355,100, $100,000 of common stock subscribed, less $45,000 in net convertible notes repayments, as compared with cash provided in financing activities of $112,500 in 2011, an increase in cash provided for from financing activities of $297,600.

 

18
 

  

We have a history of net losses and expect that our operating expenses will require additional financing as we have no revenues. Our business model contemplates expansion of our business by identifying and acquiring additional oil and gas properties or other business opportunities, subject to availability of sufficient cash resources. To make these acquisitions, our capital needs will increase substantially. We have limited working capital and cash resources to fund our oil and gas exploration operations. While we are not presently involved in litigation, any future litigation would result in legal expenses which could adversely affect our operations and cash resources. We plan to attempt to obtain our future funding to lease additional properties and to otherwise finance our operations through debt and equity markets or joint venture agreements with third parties; however, we can provide no assurances that we will be able to obtain additional funding (and/or joint venture partners willing to fund specific exploration projects) when it is required or that it will be available to us on commercially acceptable terms, if at all. If we fail to obtain the financing that we need when it is required, we may have to forego or delay potentially valuable opportunities to acquire new oil and gas properties or default on existing funding commitments to third parties and forfeit or dilute our rights in existing oil property interests. In the event additional financing is not available to us on commercially acceptable terms, if and when needed to finance our operations and to meet our cash needs as they come due, this may seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations and may adversely affect our ability to remain a going concern on a long term basis. See “Risk Factors” under “Item 1.A.”

 

Acquisition or Disposition of Plant and Equipment

 

None.

 

Number of Employees

 

From our inception through the period ended December 31, 2012, we have primarily relied on the services of outside consultants for services. In order for us to attract and retain quality personnel, we anticipate we will have to offer competitive salaries to future employees. As of December 31, 2012, we had four (4) full-time employees and we anticipate no increase in our administrative employment base during the next 12 months at the present time.

 

In the event that we continue to expand oil and gas operations, we will incur additional cost for oil and gas related personnel. This projected increase in personnel is dependent upon our generating revenues and obtaining sources of additional financing. There is no guarantee that we will be successful in raising the funds required or generating revenues sufficient to fund the projected increase in the number of employees. None of our employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements, and we believe our relations with our employees are favorable.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operation are based upon consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The following summarizes several of our critical accounting policies. See a complete list of significant accounting policies in Note A to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Oil and Gas Properties

 

We follow the full cost accounting method to account for the costs incurred in the acquisition, exploration, development and production of oil and gas reserves. All costs, including internal costs, directly related to acquisition, exploration and development activities, are capitalized as oil and gas property costs. The capitalized costs of oil and gas properties, excluding unevaluated or unproven properties, are amortized using a unit-of-production method based on estimated proved recoverable oil and gas reserves. Amortization of unevaluated property costs begins when the properties become proved or their values become impaired. Impairment of unevaluated prospects is assessed based on management’s intention with regard to future exploration and development of individually significant properties and our ability to obtain funds to finance such exploration and development. We anticipate our unevaluated property costs to remain as unevaluated for no longer than two years.

 

Under full cost accounting rules for each cost center, capitalized costs of evaluated oil and gas properties, including asset retirement costs, less accumulated amortization and related deferred income taxes, may not exceed an amount (the “cost ceiling”) equal to the sum of (a) the present value of future net cash flows from estimated production of proved oil and gas reserves, based on current economic and operating conditions, discounted at 10%, plus (b) the cost of properties not being amortized, plus (c) the lower of cost or estimated fair value of any unproved properties included in the costs being amortized, less (d) any income tax effects related to differences between the book and tax basis of the properties involved. If capitalized costs exceed this limit, the excess is charged to earnings.

 

Given the volatility of oil and gas prices, it is reasonably possible that the estimate of discounted future net cash flows from proved oil and gas reserves could change in the near term. If oil and gas prices decline in the future, even if only for a short period of time, it is possible that additional impairments of oil and gas properties could occur. In addition, it is reasonably possible that additional impairments could occur if costs are incurred in excess of any increases in the present value of future net cash flows from proved oil and gas reserves, or if properties are sold for proceeds less than the discounted present value of the related proved oil and gas reserves.

 

19
 

  

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

Long-lived assets and certain identifiable intangibles held and used by us are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.

 

Events relating to recoverability of Long-lived assets may include significant unfavorable changes in business conditions, recurring losses, or a forecasted inability to achieve break-even operating results over an extended period. We evaluate the recoverability of Long-Lived assets based upon forecasted undiscounted cash flows. Should impairment in value be indicated, the carrying value of intangible assets will be adjusted, based on estimates of future discounted cash flows resulting from the use and ultimate disposition of the asset. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or the fair value less costs to sell.

 

Inflation

 

Management believes that inflation has not had a material effect on our operations.

 

Investment in unconsolidated subsidiary

 

Investee entities that the Company can exercise significant influence, but not control, are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Whether the Company exercises significant influence with respect to an investee depends on an evaluation of several factors, among others, representation of the company’s board of directors and ownership level, generally 20% to 50% interest in the voting securities of the company including voting rights associated with the Company’s holdings in common, preferred and other convertible instruments in the company. Under the equity method of accounting, the Company’s share of the earnings or losses of these companies is included in the equity income (loss) section of the consolidated statements of operations. Evidence of a loss in value might include, but would not necessarily be limited to, absence of an ability to recover the carrying amount of the investment or inability of the investee to sustain an earnings capacity that would justify the carrying amount of the investment.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS’s,” which is intended to improve comparability of fair value measurements presented and disclosed in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and International Financial Reporting Standards. This standard clarifies the application of existing fair value measurement requirements including (1) the application of the highest and best use valuation premise, (2) the methodology to measure the fair value of an instrument classified in a reporting entity’s shareholders’ equity, (3) disclosure requirements for quantitative information on Level 3 fair value measurements and (4) guidance on measuring the fair value of financial instruments managed within a portfolio. In addition, the standard requires additional disclosures of the sensitivity of fair value to changes in unobservable inputs for Level 3 securities. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods ending on or after December 15, 2011. The adoption of this guidance did not have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, “Presentation of Comprehensive Income,” which requires that comprehensive income be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. The standard also requires entities to disclose on the face of the financial statements reclassification adjustments for items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net earnings. This standard no longer allows companies to present components of other comprehensive income only in the statement of equity. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of this guidance did not have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements other than the prescribed change in presentation.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not maintain off-balance sheet arrangements nor do we participate in non-exchange traded contracts requiring fair value accounting treatment.

 

20
 

  

Product Research and Development

 

We do not anticipate performing research and development for any products during the next twelve months.

 

Stock Based Compensation

 

We measure and recognize compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees and directors including employee stock options based on estimated fair values.

 

In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS 141R, “Business Combinations,” This standard will significantly change the accounting for business combinations both during the period of the acquisition and in subsequent periods. This statement is effective as of the first fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2008.

 

The Company does not expect the adoption of any other recently issued accounting pronouncements to have a significant impact on its results of operations, financial position or cash flow.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, stock and commodity prices. The Company does not have any financial instruments held for trading or other speculative purposes and does not invest in derivative financial instruments, interest rate swaps or other investments that alter interest rate exposure, except that we own equity securities in a private company held for long term investment and we hold equity securities in a publicly traded company whose value is marked to market on a quarterly basis. Our primary exposure to market risk is interest rate risk associated with our short term money market investments and the market price risk of our publicly traded investments, if any. The Company does not have any credit facilities with variable interest rates.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

 

The report of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm, Financial Statements and Schedules are set forth beginning on page F-1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K following this page.

  

21
 

  

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  

    Page No.
     
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms   F-2 - F-3
     
Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011   F-5
     
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Years Ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, and for the period from January 1, 2005 (inception of exploration stage) through December 31, 2012   F-6
     
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the period from January 1, 2005 (inception of exploration stage) through December 31, 2012   F-7 - F-9
     
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, and for the period from January 1, 2005 (inception of exploration stage) through December 31, 2012   F-10 - F-11
     
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements   F-12 - F-23

 

F-1
 

 

2451 N. McMullen Booth Road

Suite.308

Clearwater, FL 33759

 

855.334.0934 Toll free 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

The Board of Directors and Stockholders of

Surge Global Energy, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Surge Global Energy, Inc. (an exploration stage company) as of December 31, 2012, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ (deficit) equity, and cash flows for the year then ended and the period from inception of exploration stage (January 1, 2005) through December 31, 2012. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audit. The consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2011 were audited by another auditor who expressed an unqualified opinion on February 24, 2012.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Surge Global Energy, Inc. as of December 31, 2012, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the year then ended and the period from Inception of the Exploration stage (January 1, 2005) in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has incurred recurring losses from operations. This condition raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans regarding those matters are also described in Note 1. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

/s/ DKM Certified Public Accountants                

DKM Certified Public Accountants

Clearwater, Florida

April 4, 2013

 

F-2
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors

Surge Global Energy, Inc.

(An Exploration Stage Company)

Palm Desert, California 92211

 

I have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Surge Global Energy, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“the Company”) as of December 31, 2011 and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended, and for the period January 1, 2005 (inception of exploration stage) through December 31, 2011.  These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. My responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based upon my audit. 

 

I conducted my audit in accordance with standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States of America).  Those standards require that I plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  The Company is not required to have, nor was I engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting.  My audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.  An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements.  An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  I believe my audit provides a reasonable basis for my opinion.

 

In my opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2011, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, and for the period January 1, 2005 (inception of exploration stage) through December 31, 2011, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern.  As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and has a net capital deficiency that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 1.  The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

/s/ Peter Messineo, CPA              

Peter Messineo, CPA

Palm Harbor FL

February 24, 2012

 

F-3
 

 

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   December 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $90,541   $14,659 
Production payments receivable   -    140,000 
Prepaid expenses   8,991    15,997 
Total current assets   99,532    170,656 
           
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of  $36,045  and $35,329, respectively   -    1,016 
Investment in Andora Energy   1,733,632    2,878,350 
           
Total assets  $1,833,164   $3,050,022 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $39,243   $183,797 
Loans and payables, related party   -    167,000 
Convertible Note payable   -    61,726 
Total current liabilities   39,243    412,523 
           
Total liabilities   39,243    412,523 
           
Commitments and contingencies   -    - 
           
Stockholders’ equity :          
Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share;10,000,000 shares authorized:   -    - 
Series A - none issued and outstanding   -    - 
Series B - none issued and outstanding   -    - 
Special Voting Preferred –none issued and outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share; 400,000,000 shares authorized; 8,802,958 and  1,794,458 shares issued and outstanding, respectively   8,803    1,794 
Common Stock Subscribed   100,000    - 
Additional paid-in capital   55,040,326    54,663,495 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   -    (381,402)
Accumulated deficit   (12,337,512)   (12,337,512)
Deficit from inception of exploration stage   (41,017,696)   (39,308,876)
Total stockholders’ equity   1,793,921    2,637,499 
           
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $1,833,164   $3,050,022 

 

See the accompanying footnotes to these consolidated financial statements

  

F-4
 

  

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

 

   For the Year Ended
December 31,
   For the period
from
January 1, 2005 (inception
of exploration
stage) through
 
   2012   2011   December 31, 2012 
Operating expenses:               
Selling, general and administrative expenses  $345,407   $353,023   $24,416,918 
Accretion, depreciation and amortization   1,016    2,911    479,330 
Oil and gas property impairment   1,340,852    75,000    11,425,969 
Total operating expenses   1,687,275    430,934    36,322,217 
                
Loss from operations   (1,687,275)   (430,934)   (36,322,217)
Equity in losses from affiliates   -         (2,099,663)
Loss on redemption of preferred shares             (105,376)
Gain (loss) on sale of marketable securities   (51)   (100,924)   1,067,814 
Impairment of marketable securities   -         (3,707,513)
Warrants issued from Peace Oil acquisition   -         (368,000)
Revaluation loss net of warrant liability   -         (431,261)
Interest income (expense)   (21,494)   (3,948)   (4,255,681)
Gain (loss) on disposition of Peace Oil property and Peace Oil Corp.   -    -    1,525,105 
Loss from continuing operations, before income taxes and minority interest   (1,708,820)   (535,806)   (44,696,792)
Benefit (provision) for income taxes   -    -    - 
Income (loss) before non-controlling interest   (1,708,820)   (535,806)   (44,696,792)
Income (loss) applicable to non-controlling interest   -         3,679,096 
Net income (loss)   (1,708,820)   (535,806)   (41,017,696)
Other comprehensive income (loss):               
Unrealized gain (loss) on available for sale securities   381,402    (381,402)   - 
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -         - 
Comprehensive income (loss)  $(1,327,418)  $(917,208)  $(41,017,696)
                
Income (loss) per common share - basic and diluted  $(0.53)  $(0.30)     
                
Weighted average shares outstanding -  basic and diluted   3,217,914    1,777,863      

 

See the accompanying footnotes to these consolidated financial statements

 

F-5
 

  

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' (DEFICIT) EQUITY

FOR THE PERIOD FROM JANUARY 1, 2005 (INCEPTION OF EXPLORATION STAGE)

THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

  Preferred Stock Common Stock Additional Paid-in Deferred Accumulated Other Comprehensive Accumulated Deficit during Exploration   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Compensation   Income   Stage   Deficit   Total 
Balance at December 31, 2005   -   $-    26,277,097   $26,277   $28,328,758   $(3,981,947)  $(185,414)  $(8,731,209)  $(12,337,511)  $3,118,954 
                                                   
Reversal of unamortized deferred compensation upon adoption of SFAS 123R   -    -    -    -    (3,981,947)   3,981,947    -    -    -    - 
Issuance of common stock in April 2006 in exchange for cash, net of costs and fees at $1.50 per share   -    -    1,200,000    1,200    1,798,800    -    -    -    -    1,800,000 
Shares returned and cancelled in June 2006 related to the acquisition of Phillips & King International Inc. during August 2000   -    -    (450,000)   (450)   450    -    -    -    -    - 
Issuance of common stock in June 2006 in exchange for convertible notes in subsidiary   -    -    160,000    160    178,456    -    -    -    -    178,616 
Issuance of common stock in July 2006 in exchange for stock options exercised at $0.25 per share   -    -    400,000    400    99,600    -    -    -    -    100,000 
Issuance of common stock in November 2006 in exchange for cash, net of costs and fees at $0.45 per share   -    -    3,000,000    3,000    1,347,000    -    -    -    -    1,350,000 
Conversion of warrant liability upon registration of warrants in May 2006   -    -    -    -    3,787,861    -    -    -    -    3,787,861 
Valuation of warrant liabilities in connection with private placement   -    -    -    -    (3,420,900)   -    -    -    -    (3,420,900)
Gain on investment   -    -    -    -    4,147,556    -    -    -    -    4,147,556 
Conversion to equity method   -    -    -    -    3,133,622    -    -    -    -    3,133,622 
Employee stock option expense   -    -    -    -    4,138,639    -    -    -    -    4,138,639 
Other stock options awards granted pursuant to employment agreement   -    -    -    -    640,491    -    -    -    -    640,491 
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -         -    339,014    -    -    339,014 
Net loss                                      (15,926,093)        (15,926,093)
Balance at December 31, 2006   -   $-    30,587,097   $30,587   $40,198,386   $-   $153,600   $(24,687,302)  $(12,337,511)  $3,387,760 
                                                   
Issuance of common stock in January 2007 in exchange for stock options exercised at $0.24 per share   -    -    383,333    383    91,483    -    -    -    -    91,866 
Employee stock option expense   -    -    -    -    1,348,943    -    -    -    -    1,348,943 
Reclass warrant liability to APIC per EITF 00-19-2   -    -    -    -    2,309,400    -    -    -    -    2,309,400 
Gemini note conversion   -    -    (2,000,000)   (2,000)   (898,000)   -    -    -    -    (900,000)
Peace Oil acquisition warrants   -    -    -    -    368,000    -    -    -    -    368,000 
Beneficial conversion feature in connection with issuance of convertible notes payable   -    -    -    -    1,076,575    -    -    -    -    1,076,575 
Exchange of Redeemable Preferred Shares into common stock   -    -    7,499,907    7,500    4,468,824    -    -    -    -    4,476,324 
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -    -    -    (1,068,738)   -    -    (1,068,738)
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    -    -   (11,343,620)   -    (11,343,620)
Balance at December 31, 2007   -   -    36,470,337   $36,470   $48,963,611   $-   $(915,138)  $(36,000,922)  $(12,337,511)  $(253,492)

    

See accompanying footnotes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-6
 

  

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' (DEFICIT) EQUITY

FOR THE PERIOD FROM JANUARY 1, 2005 (INCEPTION OF EXPLORATION STAGE)

THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

   Preferred Stock   Common Stock   Additional Paid-in   Deferred   Accumulated Other Comprehensive   Accumulated Deficit during Exploration   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Compensation   Income   Stage   Deficit   Total 
                                         
Employee stock option expense   -    -    -    -    265,691    -    -    -    -    265,691 
Stock compensation expense - Warrants   -    -    -    -    24,506    -    -    -    -    24,506 
Retirement of stock on sale of Cynthia Holdings, Ltd   -    -    (1,000,000)   (1,000)   1,000    -    -    -    -    - 
Options exercised   -    -    150,000    150    5,700    -    -    -    -    5,850 
Purchase and cancellation of stock   -    -    (993,333)   (993)   (67,940)   -    -    -    -    (68,933)
Purchase and cancellation of stock from prior Cold Flow shareholders   -    -    (3,189,617)   (3,190)   4,774,054    -    -    -    -    4,770,864 
Unrealized loss on available for sale securities   -    -    -    -    -    -    (980,270)   -    -    (980,270)
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -    -    -    899,499    -    -    899,499 
Net income   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    607,835    -    607,835 
Balance at December 31, 2008   -   $-    31,437,387   $31,437   $53,966,622   $-   $(995,909)  $(35,393,088)  $(12,337,512)  $5,271,550 
                                                   
Employee stock option expense   -    -    -         163,649    -    -    -    -    163,649 
Stock compensation expense - Warrants   -    -    -    -    52,846    -    -    -    -    52,846 
Unrealized gain on available for sale securities   -    -    -    -    -    -    980,270    -    -    980,270 
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -    -    -    14,538    -    -    14,538 
Net loss                                      (2,329,180)        (2,329,180)
Balance at December 31, 2009   -   $-    31,437,387   $31,437   $54,183,117   $-   $(1,101)  $(37,722,268)  $(12,377,512)  $4,153,673 
                                                   
Employee stock option expense   -    -    -         85,732    -    -    -    -    85,732 
Issuance of common shares for various amounts             2,200,000    2,200    216,300                        218,500 
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    -    -    -    1,101    -    -    1,101 
Net loss                                      (1,050,802)        (1,050,802)
Balance at December 31, 2010   

-

    $-    33,637,387   $33,637   $54,485,149   $-   $-   $(38,773,070)  $(12,337,512)  $3,408,204)

  

See accompanying footnotes to consolidated financial statements

 

F-7
 

 

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' (DEFICIT) EQUITY

FOR THE PERIOD FROM JANUARY 1, 2005 (INCEPTION OF EXPLORATION STAGE)

THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2012

 

NOTE: The amounts of common shares shown hereafter have been restated for 2011 and 2012 for the reverse stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013.

 

   Common Stock   Common Stock amount   Additional Paid-In Capital   Common Stock subscribed   Foreign Currency & OCI Adjustment   Accumulated Deficit during Development Stage   Accumulated Deficit   Net Shareholders' Equity 
Balance at December 31, 2010   33,637,387   $33,637   $54,485,149   $-   $-   $(38,773,070)  $(12,337,512)  $3,408,204 
                                         
Adjustment for 1 for 20 reverse stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013   (31,955,429)   (31,955)   31,955    -    -    -    -    - 
                                         
Revised Balance-December 31, 2010   1,681,958   $1,682    54,517,104    -    -    (38,773,070)   (12,337,512)   3,408,204 
Issuance of common shares for various amounts   112,500    112    67,388                        67,500 
Employee stock option expense             79,003                        79,003 
Net Loss                            (535,806)        (535,806)
Unrealized Loss                       (381,402)             (381,402)
                                         
Balance at December 31, 2011   1,794,458   $1,794   $54,663,495    0    (381,402)   (39,308,876)   (12,337,512)   2,637,499 
                                         
Issuance of common shares to investor   8,500    9    5,091                        5,100 
Issuance of common shares to related parties   7,000,000    7,000    343,000                        350,000 
Common stock subscribed                  100,000                   100,000 
Employee stock option expense             28,740                        28,740 
Foreign Currency translation gain or (loss) and OCI adjustment                       381,402              381,402 
Net Loss                            (1,708,820)        (1,708,820)
                                         
Balance at December 31, 2012   8,802,958   $8,803   $55,040,326   $100,000   $-   $(41,017,696)  $(12,337,512)  $1,793,921 

 

See the accompanying footnotes to these consolidated financial statements

 

F-8
 

   

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.
(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   December 31, 2012   December 31, 2011   For the period from
January 1, 2005
date of inception
of exploration
stage through
December 31, 2012
 
Cash flows from operating activities:               
Net loss  $(1,708,820)  $(535,806)  $(41,017,696)
Non-controlling interest   -    -    (3,679,096)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:               
Accretion, depreciation and amortization   1,016    2,911    479,330 
Write-off of property and equipment   -    -    4,984 
Realized loss (gain) on sale of marketable securities   51    102,451    (1,066,277)
Loss from redeemed preferred shares   -    -    105,376 
Gain (loss) on sale of Peace Oil property and Peace Oil Corp., net   -    -    (1,525,105)
Share of affiliate loss   -    -    2,099,663 
Impairment of oil and gas properties   1,340,852    75,000    11,425,969 
Amortization of debt discount-beneficial conversion feature of  debenture   -    -    1,022,492 
Impairment of marketable securities   -    -    1,786,498 
Share-based compensation   28,740    95,990    6,963,305 
Non-cash compensation paid in Andora shares   185,268         209,243 
Gain/loss on revaluing warrant liabilities   -    -    431,261 
Warrant expense   -    -    445,352 
Interest on Gemini note   -    -    230,000 
Amortize deferred compensation costs             3,039,038 
Amortization of discount attributable to note receivable   -    -    (137,500)
Amortization of discount attributable to warrants   -    -    629,192 
Beneficial conversion feature of convertible notes payable   -    -    1,076,575 
Debt discount   -    -    1,010,679 
Founders stock   -    -    4,265,640 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:               
Production payment and other  receivables   140,000    10,000    7,616 
Prepaid expense and other assets   7,006    (3,828)   (28,251)
Other assets   -    -    80,958 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   (161,331)   156,512   626,298 
Officer loans payable   (167,000)   -    - 
Net cash received in operating activities  $(334,218)  $(96,770)  $(11,514,456)

 

See accompanying footnotes to these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

F-9
 

  

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.
(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   For the years ended
December 31,
   For the period from
January 1, 2005
(inception exploration
stage) through
 
   2012   2011   December 31, 2012 
Cash flows from investing activities:               
Purchases of property and equipment   -    (1,525)   (117,425)
Production payment advanced   -    -    - 
Proceeds from sale of marketable securities   -    -    589,506 
Payment for note receivable   -    -    (137,500)
Proceeds from note receivable   -    -    (275,000)
Purchase of oil and gas properties   -    -    (13,370,529)
Deposits   -    -    (9,913)
Proceeds from sale of oil leases   -    -    6,914,820 
Consideration paid on sale of subsidiary   -    -    (1,533,395)
Asset Retirement Obligation   -    -    51,273 
Proceeds from disposition of Peace Oil property   -    -    14,071,294 
Purchase of marketable securities   -    -    (5,475,727)
Gemini note repayment   -    -    (1,380,000)
Deduct June 2006 Signet cash balance   -    -    (5,626,405)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   -    (1,525)   (6,299,001)
Cash flows from financing activities:               
Proceeds from the sale of common stock and stock subscription, net of costs and fees   355,100    67,500    4,698,613 
Repurchase of common stock   -    -    (33,933)
Principal payments on note payable   (105,000)   -    (330,000)
Common stock subscribed   100,000         100,000 
Proceeds from exercise of options   -    -    197,717 
Proceeds from equity to debt conversion   -    -    250,000 
Net (payments for) proceeds from Joint Venture Partner cash call obligations   -    -    125,000 
Proceeds from convertible debentures   -    -    1,710,000 
Proceeds from note payable, gross   60,000    45,000    10,526,933 
Proceeds from Signet stock, net of costs and fees   -    -    1,769,602 
Deferred financing costs   -    -    (1,208,375)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities   410,100    112,500    17,805,557 
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents   -    -   (61,494)
                
Net  increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   75,882    14,205    (69,394)
                
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period   14,659    454    159,935 
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period  $90,541   $14,659   $90,541 

 

See accompanying footnotes to these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

F-10
 

  

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.
(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)

 

   For the years ended
December 31,
   For the period from
January 1, 2005
(inception exploration
stage) through
 
   2012   2011   December 31, 2012 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:               
Cash paid during the period for interest  $27,839   $5,480   $546,851 
Cash paid during the period for income taxes  $   $-   $- 
                
Supplemental Disclosures of Non-Cash Transactions:               
Common stock issued in exchange for convertible notes payable  $-   $-   $1,710,000 
Cancellation of common shares  $    $-   $1,000 
Unrealized loss  (gain) on available for sale securities  $(381,402)  $381,402   $- 
Note payable issued for investment  $    $-   $225,000 
Exchange of North Peace shares for common shares  $    $-   $35,000 
Amortization of debt discount - beneficial conversion feature of convertible debenture  $-   $-   $2,099,067 
Andora shares issued on settlement of litigation  $-   $-   $645,780 
Andora shares issued in lieu of cash compensation  $-   $6,987   $23,975 

 

See accompanying notes to these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

F-11
 

  

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 1 - SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

A summary of the significant accounting policies applied in the preparation of the accompanying consolidated financial statements follows.

 

Business and Basis of Presentation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Surge Global Energy, Inc., its wholly owned subsidiaries, Cold Flow Energy ULC, 1294697 Alberta Ltd., Surge Energy Resources, Inc., and Surge Holding Co., (collectively the “Company”). Neither 1294697 Alberta Ltd. or Cold Flow Energy has any ongoing business operations at this time.

 

The Company’s Canadian subsidiaries are carried in their Canadian dollar functional currency and are presented in U.S. dollars upon consolidation. Any gain or loss on conversion into U.S. dollars is reflected in other comprehensive income. All amounts stated in these financial statements are in $US unless otherwise noted.

 

In January 2005, the Company began implementing plans to establish an oil and gas development business. As a result, the Company is an exploration stage enterprise, as defined by ASC 915 (formerly Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 7 (“SFAS 7”)) and is now seeking to explore the acquisition and development of oil and gas properties in the United States and Canada. From its inception of exploration stage through the date of these financial statements, the Company has not generated any revenues from oil and gas operations and has incurred significant operating expenses. Consequently, its operations are subject to all risks inherent in the establishment of a new business enterprise.

 

For the period from January 1, 2005 (inception of exploration stage) through December 31, 2012, the Company has accumulated exploration stage losses of $41,017,696. The Company will cease to be an exploration stage oil and gas corporation once it commences oil and gas drilling, exploration, and production of oil and gas properties.

 

Management Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, as well as certain financial statement disclosures. While management believes that the estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the financial statements are appropriate, actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Oil and Gas Properties

 

The Company follows the full cost accounting method to account for oil and natural gas properties, whereby costs incurred in the acquisition, exploration and development of oil and gas reserves are capitalized. Such costs include lease acquisition, geological and geophysical activities, rentals on non-producing leases, drilling, completing and equipping of oil and gas wells and administrative costs directly attributable to those activities and asset retirement costs. Disposition of oil and gas properties are accounted for as a reduction of capitalized costs, with no gain or loss recognized unless such adjustment would significantly alter the relationship between capital costs and proved reserves of oil and gas, in which case the gain or loss is recognized to income.

 

The capitalized costs of oil and gas properties, excluding unevaluated and unproved properties, are amortized using the units-of-production method based on estimated proved recoverable oil and gas reserves. Amortization of unevaluated and unproved property costs begins when the properties become proved or their values become impaired. Impairment of unevaluated and unproved prospects is assessed periodically based on a variety of factors, including management’s intention with regard to future exploration and development of individually significant properties and the ability of the Company to obtain funds to finance such exploration and development.

 

F-12
 

 

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 1 - SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

Under full cost accounting rules for each cost center, capitalized costs of evaluated oil and gas properties, including asset retirement costs, less accumulated amortization and related deferred income taxes, may not exceed an amount (the “cost ceiling”) equal to the sum of (a) the present value of future net cash flows from estimated the production of proved oil and gas reserves, based on current economic and operating conditions, discounted at 10%, plus (b) the cost of properties not being amortized, plus (c) the lower of cost or estimated fair value of any unproved properties included in the costs being amortized, less (d) any income tax effects related to differences between the book and tax basis of the properties involved. If capitalized costs exceed this limit, the excess is charged to earnings.

 

Given the volatility of oil and gas prices, it is reasonably possible that the estimate of discounted future net cash flows from proved oil and gas reserves could change in the near term. If oil and gas prices decline in the future, even if only for a short period of time, it is possible that additional impairments of oil and gas properties could occur. In addition, it is reasonably possible that additional impairments could occur if costs are incurred in excess of any increases in the present value of future net cash flows from proved oil and gas reserves, or if properties are sold for proceeds less than the discounted present value of the related proved oil and gas reserves.

 

Investment in unconsolidated subsidiary

 

Investee entities that the Company can exercise significant influence, but not control, are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. Whether the Company exercises significant influence with respect to an investee depends on an evaluation of several factors, among others, representation of the Company’s board of directors and ownership level, generally 20% to 50% interest in the voting securities of the company including voting rights associated with the Company’s holdings in common, preferred and other convertible instruments in the company. Under the equity method of accounting, the Company’s share of the earnings or losses of these companies is included in the equity income (loss) section of the consolidated statements of operations. A loss in value of an investment that is other than a temporary decline is recognized as a charge to operations. Evidence of a loss in value might include, but would not necessarily be limited to, absence of an ability to recover the carrying amount of the investment or inability of the investee to sustain an earnings capacity that would justify the carrying amount of the investment. The Company had no unconsolidated subsidiaries in which it held equity interests of over 20% as of December 31, 2012 or 2011.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

For purposes of the Balance Sheet and Statements of Cash Flows, the Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with a maturity date of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company has total cash of $90,541 in cash in an account maintained by U.S. banks, all of which is subject to up to $250,000 of FDIC insurance.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and short-term borrowings, as reflected in the balance sheets, approximate the fair value because of the short-term maturity of these instruments.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are provided based on the liability method for financial reporting purposes. Under this method deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be removed or settled. Most of our tax loss carry forwards will be cancelled as a result of a change of control which occurred in October, 2012.

 

F-13
 

 

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 1 - SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

Marketable securities

 

All investment securities are classified as either as available-for-sale or trading, and are carried at fair value or quoted market prices. Unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities losses are reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Amortization, accretion, interest and dividends, realized gains and losses and declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary on available-for-sale securities are recorded in other income. This evaluation depends on the specific facts and circumstances. Factors that we consider in determining whether an other-than-temporary decline in value has occurred include: the market value of the security in relation to its cost basis; the financial condition of the investee; and the intent and ability to retain the investment for a sufficient period of time to allow for possible recovery in the market value of the investment.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

Assets and liabilities in foreign currency are translated at the rates of exchange at the balance sheet date, and related revenue and expenses are translated at average monthly exchange rates in effect during the period. Resulting translation adjustments are recorded as a separate component in stockholders’ equity. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in the statements of operations.

 

Going Concern

 

As shown in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, the Company incurred losses from continuing operations of $1,708,820 and $535,806 for the years ending December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The Company’s cash position as of December 31, 2012 was $90,541 compared with $14,659 at December 31, 2011, an increase of $75,882. The Company’s current assets, on a consolidated basis, exceeded its current liabilities by $60,289 at December 31, 2012 compared with current liabilities in excess of current assets by $241,867 at December 31, 2011.

 

The Company concluded negotiations with two private investors on October 16, 2012 for $450,000 in equity financing, which amount was received in 2012, and additional financing will be supplied in the future. Management believes it should now have sufficient capital resources to meet projected cash flow needs through the next twelve months, although no assurances can be given in this regard.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost. When retired or otherwise disposed, the related carrying value and accumulated depreciation are removed from the respective accounts and the net difference less any amount realized from disposition, is reflected in earnings. For financial statement purposes, property and equipment are depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Depreciation expenses were $1,016 and $2,911 for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Maintenance, repairs, and minor renewals are charged against earnings when incurred. Additions and major renewals are capitalized.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees, consultants and directors including employee stock options based on estimated fair values. Stock-based compensation expense recognized for the year ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 was $28,740 and $95,990, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense recognized during the period is based on the value of the portion of share-based payment awards that vest during the period.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations for the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 included compensation expense for share-based payment awards granted prior to December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

F-14
 

 

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 1 - SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model as its method of valuation for share-based awards granted. The Company’s determination of fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of highly complex and subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and certain other market variables such as the risk free interest rate.

 

Comprehensive Income

 

Comprehensive income is defined to include all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners. The Company’s other comprehensive income includes unrecognized gains (losses) on available for sale securities and foreign currency translation adjustments.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made in the prior period financial statements to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications did not have any effect on comprehensive net income (loss) or shareholders’ equity.

 

Subsequent Events

 

See Note 11 for further details on such subsequent events which occurred after December 31, 2012.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

  

In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU No. 2010-03, “Extractive activities — Oil and Gas (Topic 932): Oil and Gas Reserve Estimation and Disclosures”. The main provisions of ASU No. 2010-03 are the following: (1) expanding the definition of oil- and gas- producing activities to include the extraction of saleable hydrocarbons, in solid, liquid, or gaseous state, from oil sands, shale, coalbeds, or other nonrenewable resources that are intended to be upgraded into synthetic oil or gas, and activities undertaken with a view to such extraction; (2) entities should use first-day-of-the-month price during the 12-month period (the 12-months average price) in calculating proved oil and gas reserves and estimating related standardized measure of discounted net cash flows; (3) requiring entities to disclose separately information about reserves quantities and financial statement amounts for geographic areas that represent 15 percent or more of proved reserves; (4) separate disclosure for consolidated entities and equity method investments. ASU No. 2010-03 is effective for annual reporting periods ending on or after December 31, 2009. The Company adopted ASU No. 2010-03 for the 2009 annual financial statements. This adoption did not have a material impact on the Group’s reported reserves evaluation, results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs”, which is intended to improve comparability of fair value measurements presented and disclosed in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and International Financial Reporting Standards. This standard clarifies the application of existing fair value measurement requirements including (1) the application of the highest and best use valuation premise, (2) the methodology to measure the fair value of an instrument classified in a reporting entity’s shareholders’ equity, (3) disclosure requirements for quantitative information on Level 3 fair value measurements and (4) guidance on measuring the fair value of financial instruments managed within a portfolio. In addition, the standard requires additional disclosures of the sensitivity of fair value to changes in unobservable inputs for Level 3 securities.

 

F-15
 

 

 SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 1 - SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, “Presentation of Comprehensive Income”, which requires that comprehensive income be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. The standard also requires entities to disclose on the face of the financial statements reclassification adjustments for items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net earnings. This standard no longer allows companies to present components of other comprehensive income only in the statement of equity. This standard is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of this guidance did not have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements other than the prescribed change in presentation.

 

Except for rules and interpretive releases of the SEC under authority of federal securities laws and a limited number of grandfathered standards, the FASB Accounting Standards Codification™ (“ASC”) is the sole source of authoritative GAAP literature recognized by the FASB and applicable to the Company. Management has reviewed these rules and releases and does not expect the adoption of any other recently issued accounting pronouncements to have a significant impact on its consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flow.

 

NOTE 2 - INVESTMENT IN ANDORA ENERGY CORPORATION

 

On September 19, 2007, Signet completed the proposed business combination of Signet and Andora Energy Corporation (“Andora”). As part of the combination, each of the issued and outstanding shares of Signet common stock was exchanged for 0.296895028 shares of Andora common stock. The Company exchanged its 11,550,000 shares of Signet common stock for approximately 3,429,140 shares of common stock of Andora representing approximately 5.78% of the fully diluted shares of Andora. At that time, 2,349,321 shares of Andora common stock received by the Company were placed in an escrow account pursuant to an agreement with Valiant Trust Company, Andora and Signet. In connection with the Dynamo litigation claim, Andora was entitled to recover a claim of legal fees from the Company pursuant to a judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction and after exhausting all appeals, which only allowed the escrowed shares to be released upon settlement of all claims. Pursuant to the agreement reached between the Company and Andora, all shares were released from escrow to the Company in February, 2010 after payment of 375,000 Andora shares owned by the Company to Andora.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2011 the Company issued 16,667 and 16,666 shares of Andora common stock to its Chief Executive Officer in lieu of $20,0000 in cash compensation due under his employment agreement.

 

In October, 2012 the Company agreed to issue a total of 308,780 Andora shares and $120,919 in cash to two creditors, one of which was its former Chief Executive Officer and current Chief Financial Officer, E. Jamie Schloss, who received 243,156 shares and $85,668 in cash, in settlement of $234,431 in claims.

 

The Company’s valuation of Andora is based on reserve reports furnished to the Company by Andora which the Company has relied upon in assessing the value of its investment in Andora. Virtually all of these reserves will require alternative methods of production to enable them to be realized as income. Such methods require substantial investment in plant and equipment to be effective. Andora may obtain equity financing in the future to finance its drilling operations and, in that event, the Company may sustain additional dilution to its equity interest in Andora.

 

At December 31, 2012 the Company owned 2,889,386 Andora shares valued at $1,733,632 (valued at $0.60 per share), which shares are approximately 3% of Andora’s total outstanding common shares on a fully diluted basis.

 

F-16
 

 

 SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 3 - LOANS AND PAYABLES, RELATED PARTY

 

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Company’s former Chief Executive and current Chief Financial officer, E. Jamie Schloss, advanced the Company a net total of $78,000 at 8% interest. Including interest the unpaid balance at December 31, 2011 was $81,181. Also during 2011 the Company accrued unpaid salary and out-of pocket expenses totaling $85,819. In total, at December 31, 2011 the Company owed Mr. Schloss $167,000.

 

In October, 2012 the balance owed to Mr. Schloss was $182,931 which increase was predominantly unpaid salary and expenses net of repayments. At that time the Company agreed to issue to Mr. Schloss 243,156 shares and $85,668 in cash in full settlement of $182,931 the balance owed.

 

NOTE 4 - INCOME TAXES

 

Reconciliation between actual tax expense (benefit) and income taxes computed by applying the U.S. federal income tax rate and state income tax rate to income from continuing operations before income taxes is as follows:

 

   For the Year ended, 
   December 31, 2012   December 31, 2011 
Net Taxable Loss  $(1,708,000)  $(535,000)
Income tax computed at combined U.S. and state rates (30%)   (510,000)   (140,000)
Permanent differences          
Changes in valuation allowance   510,000    140,000
Total  $-   $- 

 

Tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to significant portions of the deferred tax assets and deferred liabilities are presented below:

 

     As of December 31,
      2012         2011   
Deferred tax assets:        
Net operating loss carryforwards  $4,500,000   $4,440,000 
Other tax attributes   1,930,000    1,480,000 
Less valuation allowance   (6,430,000)   (5,920,000)
Total  $-   $- 

  

At December 31, 2012, Surge had net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $15,000,000 for federal and approximately $12,000,000 at December 31, 2012 for state income tax purposes, which will begin to expire, if unused, beginning in 2021. The valuation allowance increased by approximately $27,000 and $78,000 in the year ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 respectively. Internal Revenue Code Section 382 rules may place annual limitations on the Company’s net operating loss carryforward on a change in ownership. The above estimates are based upon management’s decisions concerning certain elections which could change the relationship between net income and taxable income. Management decisions are made annually and could cause the estimates to vary significantly. Deferred taxes are provided on a liability method for taxable temporary differences resulting from reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax basis. Deferred tax assets have resulted from the Company’s net operating loss carry-forward, which has been reduced by an equal valuation allowance. Valuation allowance has been established based on the opinion of management that it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. A substantial portion of the tax loss carryforward will not be available as a result of the change of control, which occurred in October 2012.

 

F-17
 

 

 SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 5 - CAPITAL STOCK

 

Preferred Stock

 

On March 2, 2007, the Company issued one share of Special Voting Preferred Stock to Olympia Trust Company as trustee pursuant to the Voting and Exchange Trust Agreement. The preferred stock was issued in connection with the acquisition of Peace Oil Corp. The issuance of the preferred stock is exempt from registration pursuant to Regulation S promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Special Voting Preferred Stock is not convertible into shares of any other series or class of our capital stock. The one share of Special Voting Preferred Stock referred to herein was cancelled in June 2008.

 

Common Stock

 

On February 22, 2007, the Company approved an increase to the Company’s authorized shares of capital stock to an aggregate of 210,000,000 shares, consisting of 200,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001 per share and 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, pursuant to an amendment to our Certificate of Incorporation.

 

The Company is not currently subject to any contractual arrangements which restrict its ability to pay cash dividends. The Company’s Certificate of Incorporation prohibits the payment of cash dividends on the Company’s Common Stock in excess of $0.05 per share per year so long as any one preferred stock remains outstanding unless all accrued and unpaid dividends on one preferred stock has been set apart and there are no arrearages with respect to the redemption of any preferred stock.

 

In November 2006, the Company issued an aggregate of 3 million shares of common stock to third party investors, Gemini Financial, in exchange for net proceeds of $1,350,000. In connection with this private placement, the Company issued to the investors an aggregate of six million warrants of the Company that are subject to registration rights and penalties amounting to 2% of the proceeds on a monthly basis if the registration was not effective by March 28, 2007. To address SEC comments, the Company was obligated to provide and disclose Peace Oil Corp. financial statements as well as a pro forma financial statement of the combined companies. The Company accounted for the warrants issued in accordance with ASC 815 (formerly EITF 00-19) “Accounting for Derivative Financial Instruments Indexed to, and Potentially Settled in, a Company’s Own Stock”. In December 2006, the FASB approved ASC 825 (formerly FSP EITF 00-19-2) “Accounting for Registration Payment Arrangements”, which establishes the standard that contingent obligations to make future payments under a registration rights arrangement shall be recognized and measured separately in accordance with Statement 5 and ASC 450 (formerly FASB Interpretation No. 14), “Reasonable Estimation of the Amount of a Loss”. The Company has evaluated the effect of how ASC 825 (formerly FSP EITF 00-19-2) and ASC 480 (formerly EITF Topic D-98) affected these accompanying financial statements. In adopting ASC 825 (formerly FSP EITF 00-19-2) accounting pronouncement on January 1, 2007, the Company reclassified the remainder of the warrant liability of $2,309,400 to permanent equity.

 

In January 2007, the Company issued 383,333 shares of Common Stock to two of the Company’s directors in connection with stock options exercised at an average of $0.24 per share for net proceeds of $91,867. In April 2007, the Company redeemed 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock for a note payable with Gemini, which 2,000,000 shares were cancelled. In November 2007, Cold Flow shareholders exchanged 3,749,953.5 preferred shares into 7,499,907 Surge common shares.

 

In March 2008, the Company received and cancelled 1,000,000 common shares in conjunction with its sale of the Cynthia Holdings, Ltd stock which entity owned the Santa Rosa property. In May 2008, the Company issued 100,000 common shares in conjunction with the exercise of options and simultaneously purchased 433,333 common shares from the same party at the same time. These purchased shares were cancelled immediately. In June and July 2008, the Company redeemed an aggregate of 3,689,617 shares of common stock in connection with buyback of shares previously issued in conjunction with the purchase of Peace Oil Corp.

 

F-18
 

 

 SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 5 - CAPITAL STOCK (Continued)

 

In September 2008, the Company issued 50,000 common shares in conjunction with stock options exercised at a price of $0.115 per share for total proceeds of $5,750. In December 2008, the Company purchased and cancelled 60,000 shares for $3,600 or $0.06 per share.

 

In 2010, the Company sold a total of 2,200,000 common shares with a total of 1,900,000 warrants for total proceeds of $218,000, net of fees, to various accredited investors and directors of the company at prices from $0.05 to $0.11 per share.

 

In February, 2013 the Company completed a reverse 1 for 20 reverse common stock split and increased the authorized common shares to 400,000,000 from 200,000,000.

 

All figures shown hereafter reflect the reverse common stock split:

 

In 2011, the Company sold a total of 112,500 common shares for total proceeds of $67,500 at $0.60 per share on a past reverse split basis.

 

In January, 2012, the Company issued 8,500 shares of common shares and 8,500 warrants for total proceeds of $5,100. The warrants are exercisable for one year at a price of $1.00 per share.

 

In October, 2012 the Company issued 7,000,000 shares of common stock for total proceeds of $350,000 at $0.05 per share.

 

NOTE 6 - WARRANTS AND STOCK OPTIONS

 

Class A Warrants.

 

Class A Warrants. The following table summarizes the stock purchase warrants outstanding at December 31, 2012. All figures are after the reverse stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013.

 

  Warrants Outstanding   Warrants Exercisable 
Exercise
Prices
   Number
Outstanding
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(Years)
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Number
Exercisable
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
$1.00    8,500    0.01   $1.00    8,500   $1.00 
Totals or average    8,500    0.01   $1.00    8,500   $1.00 

 

 

Transactions involving the Company’s warrant issuance or expiration are summarized as follows:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted Average
Price Per Share
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2010   330,000    14.20 
Granted   112,500    1.00 
Exercised   -    - 
Canceled or expired   (210,000)   (29.00)
Outstanding at December 31, 2011   232,500   $2.60 
Granted   8,500    1.00 
Exercised   -    - 
Canceled or Expired   (232,500)   - 
Outstanding at December 31, 2012   8,500   $1.00 

F-19
 

 

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 6 - WARRANTS AND STOCK OPTIONS (continued)

 

For the year ended December 31, 2012 the Company issued 8,500 warrants (on a post reverse split basis) which were fully vested at December 31, 2012. The warrants were issued in conjunction with a common stock offerings and no warrant expense was recorded in 2012 or 2011 for these warrants. During the year ended December 31, 2012, a total of 232,500 warrants expired unexercised. The warrants had $0 intrinsic value at December 31, 2012.

 

The 8,500 warrants discussed above expired unexercised on January 8, 2013.

 

Stock options.

 

No stock options were exercised during the quarter ended December 31, 2012.

 

All stock options and warrants issued previously were valued using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Variables used in the Black-Scholes pricing model for options issued during the year ended December 31, 2011 include (1) discount rate range of 2.21% to 3.03%, (2) option life of 5 years, (3) expected volatility of 63% to 108% and (4) zero expected dividends.

 

Fair value expense of $28,740 and $64,968 was recorded for the twelve months ending December 31, 2012 and 2011 respectively using the Black-Scholes method of option-pricing model for vested options.

 

In October, 2012 the Company agreed to reduce the price of the outstanding options to $0.40 per share as compensation for services rendered by its Board of Directors who have served the past four years and 9 months without any director fees.

 

Stock options.

 

The following table summarizes the balances of stock options issued to officers and directors outstanding at December 31, 2012. All figures below are after the 1 for 20 reverse stock split which occurred on February 22, 2013.

 

Exercise
Prices
   Number
of shares
Outstanding
   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (Years)
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
   Actual
Number
Exercisable
   Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 
 0.40    267,500    2.75    0.40    267,500    0.40 
      267,500    2.75   $0.40    267,500   $0.40 

 

Transactions involving the Company’s options issuance are summarized as follows:

 

   Number of
Shares
   Weighted
Average Price
Per Share
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2010   282,500   $1.40 
Granted   50,000    0.80 
Exercised   -    - 
Canceled or expired   -    - 
Outstanding at December 31, 2011   332,500   $1.20 
Granted   267,500    0.40 
Cancelled or expired   (332,500)   (1.60) 
Outstanding at December 31, 2012   267,500   $0.40 

 

F-20
 

 

SURGE GLOBAL ENERGY, INC.

(AN EXPLORATION STAGE COMPANY)

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2012 AND 2011

 

NOTE 7 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

On May 1, 2008, the Company entered into an Employment Agreement with Mr. E. Jamie Schloss as CEO which provided for initial salary for the period from June 17, 2008 through December 31, 2008 at the rate of $9,500 per month. Thereafter, a salary increase to $10,500 per month until June 30, 2009, then $11,500 per month until April 30, 2010. Mr. Schloss received payment for services rendered prior to the execution of the agreement for the periods May 1, 2008 through June 16, 2008 and February 11, 2008 through April 30, 2008 at the rate of $9,500 per month.

 

In April, 2010, the Company extended Mr. Schloss’ employment agreement on the same financial terms as were in effect previously until December 31, 2010. On September 1, 2010, the agreement was amended to provide that commencing September 1, 2010 and ending April 30, 2011, $2,500 per month in salary would be paid to Mr. Schloss in Andora Energy common stock in lieu of cash. A total of $20,000 in salary was deferred in 2010 and 20011 and in lieu thereof a total of 33,333 Andora shares were issued pursuant to this agreement.

 

For the years ending December 31, 2011 and 2010, a total of 33,333 Andora shares were issuable to him pursuant to this agreement and $20,000 in salary was converted into Andora shares. The total loans, deferred salary and expenses due Mr. Schloss at December 31, 2011 totaled $167,000.

 

During the twelve months ending December 31, 2012, the loan, deferred salary and expenses balance was paid in full. See Note 4 for additional details.

 

NOTE 8 - LITIGATION MATTERS

 

The Company’s business and operations may subject the Company to claims, litigation and other proceedings brought by private parties and governmental authorities. Currently we are not a party to any pending litigation matters. Litigation can involve complex factual and legal questions and its outcome is uncertain.

 

Any claim that is successfully asserted against us could result in significant damage claims and other losses. Even if the Company were to prevail, any litigation could be costly and time-consuming and would divert the attention of our management and key personnel from our business operations, which adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. The following is a description of our recent prior litigation:

 

Any claim that is successfully asserted against us could result in significant damage claims and other losses. Even if the Company were to prevail, any litigation could be costly and time-consuming and would divert the attention of our management and key personnel from our business operations, which adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

The following is a description of our recent prior litigation:

 

2009 Default Judgment against subsidiary

 

Three Span Oil & Gas Litigation: On September 30, 2009, the Company’s wholly owned Nevada subsidiary, namely, Surge Energy Resources, Inc., was sued by Three Span Oil & Gas, Inc., in Midland Texas (Case #CC15386) for nonpayment of $60,125. The action arises out of an operating agreement between the Plaintiff and the Defendant pursuant to which Surge Energy Resources is alleged to have agreed to make certain payments of $20,000 on August 14, 2009, September 1, 2009 and October 1, 2009 until a $60,125 deficiency was unpaid. A default judgment was entered into against Surge Energy Resources, Inc. for $60,125 plus fees in December, 2009. The action against Surge Energy Resources, Inc. is for breach of contract, plus attorneys’ fees. Surge Energy Resources, Inc. has no material assets or operations. The balance of this liability, if any, was written off in October, 2012.

 

F-21