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EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CEO - FS Investment CORPd321128dex311.htm
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EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CEO - FS Investment CORPd321128dex321.htm
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 814-00757

 

 

FS Investment Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Maryland   26-1630040
(State of Incorporation)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

Cira Centre

2929 Arch Street, Suite 675

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  19104
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (215) 495-1150

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Common Stock, par value

$0.001 per share

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x.

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ¨    No  ¨.

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   x    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x.

There is no established market for the Registrant’s shares of common stock. The Registrant is currently conducting an ongoing public offering of its shares of common stock pursuant to a Registration Statement on Form N-2, which shares are being sold at a price of $10.70 per share, with discounts available for certain categories of purchasers, or at a price necessary to ensure that shares are not sold at a price per share, after deduction of selling commissions and dealer manager fees, that is below net asset value per share.

There were 202,829,516 shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding as of March 29, 2012.

 

 

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement relating to the Registrant’s 2012 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days following the end of the Registrant’s fiscal year, are incorporated by reference in Part III of this annual report on Form 10-K as indicated herein.

 

 

 

 


Table of Contents

FS INVESTMENT CORPORATION

FORM 10-K FOR THE FISCAL YEAR

ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

         Page  

PART I

    

ITEM 1.

  BUSINESS      1   

ITEM 1A.

  RISK FACTORS      28   

ITEM 1B.

  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS      52   

ITEM 2.

  PROPERTIES      52   

ITEM 3.

  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS      52   

ITEM 4.

  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES      52   

PART II

    

ITEM 5.

 

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

     53   

ITEM 6.

  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA      59   

ITEM 7.

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

     61   

ITEM 7A.

 

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

     88   

ITEM 8.

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

     90   

ITEM 9.

 

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

     139   

ITEM 9A.

 

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

     139   

ITEM 9B.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

     140   

PART III

    

ITEM 10.

 

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

     141   

ITEM 11.

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

     141   

ITEM 12.

 

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

     141   

ITEM 13.

 

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

     141   

ITEM 14.

 

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

     141   

PART IV

    

ITEM 15.

  EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES      142   
  SIGNATURES      146   


Table of Contents

PART I

Many of the amounts and percentages presented in Part I have been rounded for convenience of presentation and all dollar amounts, excluding per share amounts, are presented in thousands unless otherwise noted.

 

Item 1. Business

FS Investment Corporation, “FSIC” or the “Company,” which may also be referred to as “we,” “us” or “our,” was organized in December 2007 to invest in debt securities of private U.S. companies and commenced operations in January 2009. We are an externally managed, non-diversified, closed-end management investment company that has elected to be treated as a business development company, or BDC, under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or the 1940 Act. In addition, we have elected to be treated for federal income tax purposes, and intend to qualify annually, as a regulated investment company, or RIC, under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Code.

We are managed by FB Income Advisor, LLC, or FB Advisor, a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, or the Advisers Act, which oversees the management of our operations and is responsible for making investment decisions for our portfolio. FB Advisor has engaged GSO / Blackstone Debt Funds Management LLC, or GDFM, to act as our investment sub-adviser. GDFM assists FB Advisor in identifying investment opportunities and makes investment recommendations for approval by FB Advisor, according to asset allocation and other guidelines set by FB Advisor. GDFM, a registered investment adviser under the Advisers Act, is a subsidiary of GSO Capital Partners LP, or GSO, the credit platform of The Blackstone Group L.P., or Blackstone, a leading global alternative asset manager and provider of financial advisory services. GSO is one of the world’s largest credit platforms in the alternative asset business with approximately $37.0 billion in assets under management as of December 31, 2011.

Our investment objectives are to generate current income and, to a lesser extent, long-term capital appreciation. We seek to meet our investment objectives by:

 

   

utilizing the experience and expertise of FB Advisor and GDFM, along with the broader resources of GSO which includes its access to the relationships and human capital of its parent, Blackstone, in sourcing, evaluating and structuring transactions;

 

   

employing a defensive investment approach focused on long-term credit performance and principal protection;

 

   

focusing primarily on debt investments in a broad array of private U.S. companies, including small and middle-market companies, which we define as companies with annual revenue of $10 million to $2.5 billion at the time of investment. In many environments, we believe such a focus offers an opportunity for superior risk adjusted returns;

 

   

focusing primarily on investing in established, stable companies with positive cash flows; and

 

   

maintaining rigorous portfolio monitoring, in an attempt to anticipate and pre-empt negative credit events within our portfolio.

Our portfolio is comprised primarily of investments in senior secured loans, second lien secured loans and, to a lesser extent, subordinated loans of private U.S. companies. We may purchase interests in loans through secondary market transactions in the “over-the-counter” market for institutional loans or directly from our target companies as primary market investments. In connection with our debt investments, we may on occasion receive equity interests such as warrants or options as additional consideration. We may also purchase minority interests in the form of common or preferred equity in our target companies, either in conjunction with one of our debt investments or through a co-investment with a financial sponsor. In addition, a portion of our portfolio may be comprised of corporate bonds and other debt securities. However, such investments are not expected to comprise a significant portion of our portfolio. We generally expect that the size of our individual investments will vary proportionately with the size of our capital base.

 

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The senior secured and second lien secured loans in which we invest generally have stated terms of three to seven years and any subordinated investments that we make generally have stated terms of up to ten years, but the expected average life of such loans is generally between three and seven years. However, there is no limit on the maturity or duration of any security we may hold in our portfolio. The loans in which we invest are often rated by a nationally recognized statistical ratings organization, or NRSRO, and generally carry a rating below investment grade (rated lower than “Baa3” by Moody’s Investors Service or lower than “BBB-” by Standard & Poor’s Corporation). However, we may also invest in non-rated debt securities.

During the year ended December 31, 2011, we made investments in portfolio companies totaling $1,978,499. During the same period, we sold positions totaling $476,087 and received principal repayments of $382,574. As of December 31, 2011, our investment portfolio, with a total fair value of $1,844,358, consisted of interests in 183 portfolio companies (55% in first lien senior secured loans, 21% in second lien senior secured loans, 7% in senior secured bonds, 12% in subordinated debt, 4% in collateralized securities and 1% in equity/other) with an average annual earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, or EBITDA, of approximately $390.0 million. As of December 31, 2011, the investments in our portfolio were purchased at an average price of 94.1% of par or stated value, as applicable, the weighted average credit rating of the investments in our portfolio that were rated (constituting approximately 70.9% of our portfolio based on the fair value of our investments) was B2 based upon the Moody’s scale and our estimated gross annual portfolio yield, prior to leverage, was 10.4% based upon the purchase price of our investments.

As a BDC, we are subject to certain regulatory restrictions in making our investments. For example, we generally will not be permitted to co-invest with certain entities affiliated with FB Advisor or GDFM in transactions originated by FB Advisor or GSO or their respective affiliates unless we obtain an exemptive order from the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC. We are currently seeking an exemptive order. However, there can be no assurance that we will obtain such relief. Even if we receive exemptive relief, GSO and its affiliates would not be obligated to offer GDFM or us the right to participate in any transactions originated by them.

Prior to obtaining exemptive relief, we intend to co-invest alongside GSO or its affiliates only in accordance with existing regulatory guidance. For example, at any time, we may co-invest in syndicated deals and secondary loan market transactions where price is the only negotiated point. While we desire to receive exemptive relief from the SEC, given the latitude permitted within existing regulatory guidance and our current universe of investment opportunities, we do not feel that the absence of exemptive relief materially affects our ability to achieve our investment objectives.

To enhance our opportunity for gain, we intend to employ leverage as market conditions permit and at the discretion of FB Advisor, but in no event will leverage employed exceed 50% of the value of our assets, as required by the 1940 Act.

While a BDC may list its shares for trading in the public markets, we have currently elected not to do so. We believe that a non-traded structure is more appropriate for the long-term nature of the assets in which we invest. This structure allows us to operate with a long-term view, similar to that of other types of private investment funds—instead of managing to quarterly market expectations—and to pursue our investment objectives without subjecting our investors to the daily share price volatility associated with the public markets.

To provide our stockholders with limited liquidity, we conduct quarterly tender offers pursuant to our share repurchase program. During the year ended December 31, 2011, we repurchased 458,229 shares at $9.64 per share for aggregate consideration totaling $4,416. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we repurchased 228,950 shares at $9.36 per share for aggregate consideration totaling $2,143. On January 3, 2012, we repurchased 385,526 shares at $9.59 per share for aggregate consideration totaling $3,695.

We currently intend to limit the number of shares to be repurchased during any calendar year to the number of shares we can repurchase with the proceeds we receive from the sale of shares under our distribution

 

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reinvestment plan. At the discretion of our board of directors, we may also use cash on hand, cash available from borrowings and cash from the liquidation of securities investments as of the end of the applicable period to repurchase shares. In addition, we will limit the number of shares to be repurchased in any calendar year to 10% of the weighted average number of shares outstanding in the prior calendar year, or 2.5% in each quarter, though the actual number of shares that we offer to repurchase may be less in light of the limitations noted above. We will offer to repurchase such shares on each date of repurchase at a price equal to 90% of the offering price in effect on each date of repurchase. Our board of directors may amend, suspend or terminate the repurchase program at any time upon 30 days’ notice.

Although we do not currently intend to list our shares on an exchange and do not expect a public market to develop for them in the immediate future, we intend to seek to complete a liquidity event within three years following the completion of our offering stage or at such earlier or later time as our board of directors may determine, taking into consideration market conditions and other factors. We expect to complete our offering during the second quarter of 2012. Stockholders should consider that they may not have access to the money they invest for an indefinite period of time until we complete a liquidity event. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to complete a liquidity event.

Status of Our Ongoing Public Offering

Since commencing our initial public offering and through March 29, 2012, we have sold 203,765,969 shares (as adjusted for stock distributions) of our common stock for gross proceeds of approximately $2,140,002. As of March 29, 2012, we had raised total gross proceeds of approximately $2,141,002, including approximately $1,000 contributed by principals of our investment adviser in February 2008.

Distributions

The following table reflects the cash distributions per share that we have declared and paid on our common stock during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011:

 

     Distribution  

For the Year Ended December 31,

   Per  Share(1)      Amount  

2008

   $ 0.1835       $ 25   

2009

     0.6717         3,134   

2010(2)(3)

     0.8728         21,389   

2011(4)(5)

     0.9098         86,657   

 

(1) The amounts of the per share distributions for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2009 and 2010 have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock distributions declared throughout 2009 and 2010 as discussed below.

 

(2) In addition to regular semi-monthly cash distributions during such period, cash distributions declared and paid on our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2010 include approximately $3,851, or approximately $0.12 per share, in special cash distributions.

 

(3) On October 13, 2010, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.03125 per share to $0.03185 per share, effective October 1, 2010. On October 29, 2010, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.03185 per share to $0.032156 per share, effective November 1, 2010.

 

(4) In addition to regular semi-monthly cash distributions during such period, cash distributions declared and paid on our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2011 include approximately $10,284, or approximately $0.115 per share, in special cash distributions.

 

(5) On April 13, 2011, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.032156 per share to $0.033594 per share, effective May 1, 2011.

 

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On January 10, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which were paid on January 31, 2012 to stockholders of record on January 13, 2012 and January 30, 2012, respectively. On February 9, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which were paid on February 29, 2012 to stockholders of record on February 15, 2012 and February 28, 2012, respectively. On March 13, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which will be paid on March 30, 2012 to stockholders of record on March 15, 2012 and March 29, 2012, respectively. The timing and amount of any future distributions to stockholders are subject to applicable legal restrictions and the sole discretion of our board of directors.

The following table reflects the stock distributions per share that we have declared on our common stock to date:

 

Date Declared

   Record Date    Distribution Date    Distribution
Percentage
    Shares
Issued
 

Fiscal 2009

          

March 31, 2009

   March 31, 2009    March 31, 2009      1.4     13,818   

April 30, 2009

   April 30, 2009    April 30, 2009      3.0     42,661   

May 29, 2009

   May 29, 2009    May 29, 2009      3.7     79,125   

June 30, 2009

   June 30, 2009    June 30, 2009      3.5     96,976   

July 30, 2009

   July 31, 2009    July 31, 2009      3.1     117,219   

August 31, 2009

   August 31, 2009    August 31, 2009      3.0     148,072   

December 31, 2009

   December 31, 2009    December 31, 2009      0.5     49,710   

Fiscal 2010

          

January 28, 2010

   January 31, 2010    January 31, 2010      2.5     283,068   

About FB Advisor

FB Advisor is an affiliate of Franklin Square Holdings, L.P., or Franklin Square Holdings, a national sponsor of alternative investment products designed for the individual investor. FB Advisor is registered as an investment adviser with the SEC under the Advisers Act and is led by the same personnel that form the investment and operations teams of FS Investment Advisor, LLC and FSIC II Advisor, LLC. FS Investment Advisor, LLC is a registered investment adviser that manages Franklin Square Holdings’ second affiliated BDC, FS Energy and Power Fund. FS Energy and Power Fund commenced operations on July 18, 2011 and is focused on generating current income and long-term capital appreciation for shareholders, primarily by making investments in debt and income-oriented equity securities of privately-held U.S. companies in the energy and power industry. As of December 31, 2011, FS Energy and Power Fund had total assets of approximately $112.7 million. FSIC II Advisor, LLC is a registered investment adviser that manages Franklin Square Holdings’ third affiliated BDC, FS Investment Corporation II. FS Investment Corporation II has not yet commenced operations, but is expected to pursue the same investment strategy as us.

Our president and chief executive officer, Michael C. Forman, has led FB Advisor since its inception. In 2007, he co-founded Franklin Square Holdings with the goal of delivering alternative investment solutions, advised by what Franklin Square Holdings believes to be best-in-class institutional asset managers, to individual investors nationwide. In addition to leading FB Advisor, Mr. Forman currently serves as president and chief executive officer of FS Investment Advisor, LLC, FS Energy and Power Fund, FSIC II Advisor, LLC and FS Investment Corporation II.

FB Advisor’s senior management team has significant experience in private lending, private equity and real estate investing, and has developed an expertise in using all levels of a firm’s capital structure to produce income-generating investments, while focusing on risk management. The team also has extensive knowledge of the managerial, operational and regulatory requirements of publicly registered alternative asset entities, such as BDCs. FB Advisor was staffed with 20 employees as of March 29, 2012 and may retain additional investment

 

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personnel as our activities expand. We believe that the active and ongoing participation by Franklin Square Holdings and its affiliates in the credit markets, and the depth of experience and disciplined investment approach of FB Advisor’s management team, will allow FB Advisor to successfully execute our investment strategy.

All investment decisions require the unanimous approval of FB Advisor’s investment committee, which is currently comprised of Mr. Forman, David J. Adelman, the vice chairman of our board of directors and the co-founder of Franklin Square Holdings, Gerald F. Stahlecker and Ryan D. Conley. Our board of directors, including a majority of independent directors, oversees and monitors our investment performance and annually reviews the compensation we pay to FB Advisor and the compensation FB Advisor pays to GDFM to determine that the provisions of the investment advisory and administrative services agreement and the investment sub-advisory agreement, respectively, are carried out.

About GDFM

From time to time, FB Advisor may enter into sub-advisory relationships with registered investment advisers that possess skills that FB Advisor believes will aid it in achieving our investment objectives. FB Advisor has engaged GDFM to act as our investment sub-adviser. GDFM assists FB Advisor in identifying investment opportunities and makes investment recommendations for approval by FB Advisor, according to asset allocation and other guidelines set by FB Advisor. GDFM also serves as investment sub-adviser to FS Investment Corporation II pursuant to an investment sub-advisory agreement between it and FSIC II Advisor, LLC, the investment adviser to FS Investment Corporation II. Furthermore, GDFM’s affiliate, GSO, serves as investment sub-adviser to FS Energy and Power Fund pursuant to an investment sub-advisory agreement between it and FS Investment Advisor, LLC, the investment adviser to FS Energy and Power Fund. GDFM is a Delaware limited liability company with principal offices located at 345 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10154.

GDFM is a wholly-owned subsidiary of GSO. GSO is the credit platform of Blackstone, a leading global alternative asset manager. As of December 31, 2011, GSO and its affiliates, excluding Blackstone, managed approximately $37.0 billion of assets across multiple strategies within the leveraged finance marketplace, including leveraged loans, high-yield bonds, distressed, mezzanine and private equity. As sub-adviser, GDFM makes recommendations to FB Advisor in a manner that is consistent with its existing investment and monitoring processes.

Blackstone is a leading global alternative asset manager and provider of financial advisory services. It is one of the largest independent managers of private capital in the world, with assets under management of approximately $166.2 billion as of December 31, 2011. Blackstone’s alternative asset management businesses include the management of private equity funds, real estate funds, funds of hedge funds, credit-oriented funds, collateralized loan obligation vehicles, separately managed accounts and publicly-traded closed-end mutual funds. Blackstone is a publicly traded limited partnership that has common units which trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “BX.” Information about Blackstone and its various affiliates, including certain ownership, governance and financial information, is disclosed in Blackstone’s periodic filings with the SEC, which can be obtained from Blackstone’s website at http://ir.blackstone.com or the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

Under the investment sub-advisory agreement, GDFM assists FB Advisor in identifying investment opportunities and makes investment recommendations for approval by FB Advisor, according to asset allocation and other guidelines set by FB Advisor. In addition, to the extent requested by FB Advisor, GDFM assists with the monitoring of our portfolio and may make managerial assistance available to certain of our portfolio companies. It is anticipated that FB Advisor will benefit from the scale arising from GDFM’s existing infrastructure, access to investment opportunities from GSO’s existing institutional relationships, access to proprietary investments from GSO’s existing dedicated origination and sourcing team and risk management from GDFM’s existing policies and expertise. GDFM has an established infrastructure and investment processes for managing leveraged credit portfolios, including senior secured loans, second lien secured loans, mezzanine debt, high yield bonds, structured finance instruments and credit derivatives. GDFM may rely upon the wider

 

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resources and operations of GSO, including additional originated deal flow, market risk management, finance, compliance, legal, internal audit and fund administration as needed.

Market Opportunity

We believe that there are and will continue to be significant investment opportunities in senior secured and second lien secured loans as well as investments in debt securities of small and middle market companies.

Attractive Opportunities in Senior Secured and Second Lien Secured Loans

Since the beginning of 2009, global credit and other financial market conditions have improved as stability has increased throughout the international financial system. Concentrated policy initiatives undertaken by central banks and governments appear to have curtailed the incidence of large-scale failures within the global financial system. Concurrently, investor confidence, financial indicators, capital markets activity and asset prices have improved markedly. While financial conditions have improved, economic activity continues to be somewhat subdued as unemployment rates remain high. Corporate interest rate risk premiums, otherwise known as credit spreads, have declined significantly, but remain above historical averages. Given current market conditions, it is our view that, at this time, there are and will continue to be significant investment opportunities in senior secured and second lien secured loans as well as investments in debt securities of small and middle market companies.

The chart below illustrates the sharp decline and subsequent recovery in the average prices of senior secured loans, including first and second lien loans, tracked by the Credit Suisse Leveraged Loan Index.

 

LOGO

 

Source: Bloomberg

 

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We feel that opportunities in senior secured and second lien secured loans are significant not only because of the potential returns available, but also because of the strong defensive characteristics of this investment class. Because these loans have priority in payment among an issuer’s security holders (i.e., they are due to receive payment before bondholders and equityholders), they carry the least potential risk among investments in the issuer’s capital structure. Further, these investments are secured by the issuer’s assets, which may be seized in the event of a default if necessary, and generally carry restrictive covenants aimed at ensuring repayment before unsecured creditors, such as most types of public bondholders, and other security holders and preserving collateral to protect against credit deterioration. In addition, most senior secured debt issues carry variable interest rate structures, meaning the securities are generally less susceptible to declines in value experienced by fixed-rate securities in a rising interest rate environment. However, in declining interest rate environments, variable interest rate structures decrease the income we would otherwise receive from our debt securities. Although, in many cases, the loan documents governing these securities provide for an interest rate floor.

The chart below illustrates examples of the collateral used to secure senior secured and second lien secured debt.

 

LOGO

 

Source: Moody’s Investors Service

 

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Further, as a result of the dislocation in the credit markets and the reduction in competition for loans, lenders have recalibrated their concepts of risk and are now in a position to demand improved pricing, reduced issuer leverage and more stringent covenant structures before committing to new debt issues. As an example, the chart below depicts the reduced leverage permitted of issuers in the current marketplace. In contrast to the recent peak of the credit cycle, which was characterized by loose lending practices, we believe that the current environment for newly-issued loans presents an opportunity for investors to receive stronger risk-adjusted returns.

 

LOGO

 

Source: S&P Leveraged Commentary & Data

Opportunity in Small and Middle Market Private Companies

In addition to investing in senior secured and second lien secured loans generally, we believe that the market for lending to private companies, particularly small and middle market private companies within the United States, is underserved and presents a compelling investment opportunity. We believe that the following characteristics support our belief:

Large Target Market

According to The U.S. Census Bureau, in its most recently released economic census in 2007, there were approximately 196,000 small and middle market companies in the U.S. with annual revenues between $10 million and $2.5 billion, compared with approximately 1,200 companies with revenues greater than $2.5 billion. These smaller and middle market companies represent, we believe, a significant portion of the growth segment of the U.S. economy and often require substantial capital investment to grow their businesses. In the same economic census mentioned above, The U.S. Census Bureau found that firms in this target market collectively generated $11.5 trillion in revenues and employed 48.9 million people. Small and middle market companies have generated a significant number of investment opportunities for investment programs managed by our affiliates and GDFM over the past several years, and we believe that this market segment may continue to produce significant investment opportunities for us.

Limited Investment Competition

Despite the size of the market, we believe that financial difficulties and a widespread consolidation in the U.S. financial services industry have substantially reduced the number of investment firms and financial

 

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institutions lending to small and middle market companies. For example, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation reported that the number of federally insured financial institutions declined from approximately 15,200 in 1990 to approximately 7,800 in 2010.

We believe that lending to small and middle market companies, which are often private, generally requires a greater dedication of the lender’s time and resources compared to lending to larger companies due in part to the smaller size of each investment and the often fragmented nature of information available from these firms. Further, many investment firms lack the breadth and scale necessary to track investment opportunities, particularly within the secondary market, in the loans of thousands of small and middle market firms, meaning that attractive investment opportunities are often overlooked. In addition, small and middle market companies may require more active monitoring and participation on the lender’s part. We believe that many large financial organizations, which often have relatively high cost structures, are not equipped to deal with these factors and instead emphasize services and transactions to larger corporate clients with a consequent reduction in the availability of debt financing to small and middle market companies.

Attractive Market Segment

We believe that the underserved nature of such a large segment of the market can at times create an opportunity for investment. In many environments, we believe that small and middle market companies are more likely to offer attractive economics in terms of transaction pricing, up-front and ongoing fees, prepayment penalties and security features in the form of stricter covenants and quality collateral than loans to larger companies. Further, due to a lack of coverage at many investment firms, loans to small and middle market firms tend to be priced less efficiently, potentially creating attractive opportunities for investment. In addition, as compared to larger companies, small and middle market companies often have simpler capital structures and carry less leverage, thus aiding the structuring and negotiation process and allowing us greater flexibility in structuring favorable transactions. We believe that these factors often result in advantageous conditions in which to pursue our investment objectives of generating current income and, to a lesser extent, long-term capital appreciation.

Characteristics of and Risks Related to Investments in Private Companies

We invest primarily in the debt of privately held companies. Investments in private companies pose certain incremental risks as compared to investments in public companies. First, private companies have reduced access to the capital markets, resulting in diminished capital resources and ability to withstand financial distress. Second, the investments themselves are often illiquid. As such, we may have difficulty exiting an investment promptly or at a desired price prior to maturity or outside of a normal amortization schedule. In addition, little public information generally exists about private companies. Finally, these companies often do not have third-party debt ratings or audited financial statements. We must therefore rely on the ability of FB Advisor and/or GDFM to obtain adequate information through their due diligence efforts to evaluate the creditworthiness of, and risks involved in, investing in these companies. These companies and their financial information will also generally not be subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and other rules and regulations that govern public companies that are designed to protect investors.

Investment Strategy

When identifying prospective portfolio companies, we focus primarily on the following attributes, which we believe help us generate attractive total returns with an acceptable level of risk. While these criteria provide general guidelines for our investment decisions, we caution investors that, if we believe the benefits of investing are sufficiently strong, not all of these criteria necessarily will be met by each prospective portfolio company in which we choose to invest. These attributes are:

 

   

Leading, defensible market positions. We seek to invest in companies that have developed strong positions within their respective markets and exhibit the potential to maintain sufficient cash flows and

 

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profitability to service our debt in a range of economic environments. We seek companies that we believe possess advantages in scale, scope, customer loyalty, product pricing or product quality versus their competitors, thereby minimizing business risk and protecting profitability.

 

   

Investing in stable companies with positive cash flow. We seek to invest in established, stable companies with strong profitability and cash flows. Such companies, we believe, are well-positioned to maintain consistent cash flow to service and repay our loans and maintain growth in their businesses or market share. We do not intend to invest in start-up companies, turnaround situations or companies with speculative business plans.

 

   

Proven management teams. We focus on investments in which the target company has an experienced management team with an established track record of success. We typically require the portfolio companies to have in place proper incentives to align management’s goals with ours.

 

   

Private equity sponsorship. Often, we seek to participate in transactions sponsored by what we believe to be high-quality private equity firms. FB Advisor’s management team believes that a private equity sponsor’s willingness to invest significant sums of equity capital into a company is an implicit endorsement of the quality of the investment. Further, by co-investing with quality private equity firms which commit significant sums of equity capital with junior priority to our debt investments, we may benefit from having due diligence on our investments performed by both parties. Further, strong private equity sponsors with significant investments at risk have the ability and a strong incentive to contribute additional capital in difficult economic times should operational or financial issues arise.

 

   

Diversification. We seek to diversify our portfolio broadly among issuers and industries, thereby potentially reducing the risk of a downturn in any one company or industry having a disproportionate adverse impact on the value of our portfolio. We cannot assure stockholders that we will be successful in this regard.

 

   

Viable exit strategy. Many of our current investments are tradable in a privately negotiated over-the-counter market, providing us a means by which we may exit our positions. We expect that a large portion of our portfolio will continue to be tradable on this secondary market for the foreseeable future, depending upon market conditions. For any investments that are not traded within a secondary market, we focus primarily on investing in companies whose business models and growth prospects offer other attractive exit possibilities, including repayment of our investments, with the potential for capital gain on any equity interests we hold, through an initial public offering of common stock, merger, sale or recapitalization.

Competitive Advantages

We believe that we offer the following competitive advantages to our investors:

Global platform with seasoned investment professionals

FB Advisor’s management team believes that the breadth and depth of its experience, together with the wider resources of GSO’s investment team, which is dedicated to sourcing, structuring, executing, monitoring and realizing upon a broad range of private investments, as well as the specific expertise of GDFM, provides us with a significant competitive advantage in sourcing and analyzing attractive investment opportunities.

Long-term investment horizon

Unlike most private equity and venture capital funds, as well as many private debt funds, we will not be required to return capital to our stockholders once we exit a portfolio investment. Such funds typically can only be invested once and must be returned to investors within a specific time period. These provisions often force such funds to seek liquidity events, including initial public offerings, mergers or recapitalizations, more quickly than they otherwise might, potentially resulting in a lower return to investors. We believe that freedom from such

 

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capital return requirements, which allows us to invest using a longer-term focus, will provide us with the opportunity to increase total returns on invested capital, compared to other private company investment vehicles.

GDFM transaction sourcing capability

FB Advisor seeks to leverage GDFM’s significant access to transaction flow. GDFM seeks to generate investment opportunities through syndicate and club deals (generally, investments made by a small group of investment firms) and, subject to regulatory constraints as discussed under “—Regulation,” also through GSO’s proprietary origination channels. With respect to syndicate and club deals, GDFM has built a network of relationships with commercial and investment banks, finance companies and other investment funds due to the long track record of its investment professionals in the leveraged finance marketplace. With respect to GDFM’s origination channel, FB Advisor seeks to leverage the global presence of GSO to generate access to a substantial amount of originated transactions with attractive investment characteristics. We believe that the broad network of GDFM will produce a significant amount of investment opportunities for us. GDFM also has a significant trading platform, allowing us access to the secondary loan market for investment opportunities.

Disciplined, income-oriented investment philosophy

FB Advisor and GDFM employ a defensive investment approach focused on long-term credit performance and principal protection. This investment approach involves a multi-stage selection process for each investment opportunity, as well as ongoing monitoring of each investment made, with particular emphasis on early detection of credit deterioration. This strategy is designed to maximize current yield and minimize the risk of capital loss while maintaining the potential for long-term capital appreciation. FB Advisor’s approach seeks to produce strong returns concurrent with reduced risk by:

 

   

focusing on companies it believes to have leading, defensible market positions;

 

   

engaging in extensive due diligence and credit analysis;

 

   

committing significant resources to monitor portfolio companies closely after the transaction is closed;

 

   

participating in transactions sponsored by what it believes to be high-quality private equity firms;

 

   

investing primarily in companies with proven management teams; and

 

   

investing in established, stable companies with positive cash flow.

Expertise across all levels of the corporate capital structure

FB Advisor and GDFM believe that their broad expertise and experience at all levels of a company’s capital structure enables us to manage risk while affording us an opportunity for significant returns on our investments. We attempt to capitalize on this expertise in an effort to produce and maintain an investment portfolio that will perform in a broad range of economic conditions.

Operating and Regulatory Structure

Our investment activities are managed by FB Advisor and supervised by our board of directors, a majority of whom are independent. Under our investment advisory and administrative services agreement, we have agreed to pay FB Advisor an annual base management fee based on our gross assets as well as incentive fees based on our performance. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Contractual Obligations” for a description of the fees we pay to FB Advisor.

FB Advisor provides us with general ledger accounting, fund accounting, and investor and other administrative services. We have contracted with State Street Bank and Trust Company to provide various accounting and administrative services. We have contracted with Vigilant Compliance Services, LLC to provide us with a chief compliance officer, Salvatore Faia, a principal with that firm.

 

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As a BDC, we are required to comply with certain regulatory requirements. Also, while we are permitted to finance investments using debt, our ability to use debt will be limited in certain significant respects. Within the limits of existing regulation, we will adjust our use of debt, according to market conditions, to the level we believe will allow us to generate maximum risk-adjusted returns. See “—Regulation.” We have elected to be treated for federal income tax purposes, and intend to qualify annually, as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code.

Investment Types

We focus primarily on investments in debt securities, including senior secured loans, second lien secured loans and, to a lesser extent, subordinated loans. FB Advisor will seek to tailor our investment focus as market conditions evolve. Depending on market conditions, we may increase or decrease our exposure to less senior portions of the capital structure, where returns tend to be stronger in a more stable or growing economy, but less secure in weak economic environments. Below is a diagram illustrating where these investments lie in a typical portfolio company’s capital structure. Senior secured debt is situated at the top of the capital structure and typically has the first claim on the assets and cash flows of the company, followed by second lien secured debt, subordinated debt, preferred equity and finally common equity. Due to this priority of cash flows, an investment’s risk increases as it moves further down the capital structure. Investors are usually compensated for this risk associated with junior status in the form of higher returns, either through higher interest payments or potentially higher capital appreciation. We rely on FB Advisor’s and GDFM’s experience to structure investments, possibly using all levels of the capital structure, which we believe will perform in a broad range of economic environments.

Typical Leveraged Capital Structure Diagram

 

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Senior Secured Loans

Senior secured loans are situated at the top of the capital structure. Because these loans have priority in payment, they carry the least risk among all investments in a firm. Generally, our senior secured loans are expected to have maturities of three to seven years, offer some form of amortization, and have first priority security interests in the assets of the borrower. Generally, we expect that the interest rate on our senior secured loans typically will have variable rates ranging between 2.0% and 6.0% over a standard benchmark, such as the prime rate or the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR).

 

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Second Lien Secured Loans

Second lien secured loans are immediately junior to senior secured loans and have substantially the same maturities, collateral and covenant structures as senior secured loans. Second lien secured loans, however, are granted a second priority security interest in the assets of the borrower. In return for this junior ranking, second lien secured loans generally offer higher returns compared to senior secured debt. These higher returns come in the form of higher interest and in some cases the potential for equity participation through warrants, though to a lesser extent than with subordinated loans. Generally, we expect these loans to carry a fixed or a floating current yield of 4.0% to 8.0% over the prime rate or LIBOR. In addition, we may receive additional returns from any warrants we may receive in connection with these investments.

Subordinated Debt

In addition to senior secured and second lien secured loans, we also may invest a portion of our assets in subordinated debt. Subordinated debt investments usually rank junior in priority of payment to senior secured loans and second lien secured loans and are often unsecured, but are situated above preferred equity and common stock in the capital structure. In return for their junior status compared to first lien and second lien secured loans, subordinated debt investments typically offer higher returns through both higher interest rates and possible equity ownership in the form of warrants, enabling the lender to participate in the capital appreciation of the borrower. These warrants typically require only a nominal cost to exercise. We intend to generally target subordinated debt with interest-only payments throughout the life of the security, with the principal due at maturity. Typically, subordinated debt investments have maturities of five to ten years. Generally, we expect these securities to carry a fixed or a floating current yield of 6.0% to 12.0% over the prime rate or LIBOR. In addition, we may receive additional returns from any warrants we may receive in connection with these investments. In some cases, a portion of the total interest may accrue or be paid-in-kind, or PIK.

Equity and Equity-Related Securities

While we intend to maintain our focus on investments in debt securities, from time to time, when we see the potential for extraordinary gain, or in connection with securing particularly favorable terms in a debt investment, we may enter into non-control investments in preferred or common equity, typically in conjunction with a private equity sponsor we believe to be of high quality. In addition, we typically receive the right to make equity investments in a portfolio company whose debt securities we hold in connection with the next equity financing round for that company. This right will provide us with the opportunity to further enhance our returns over time through equity investments in our portfolio companies. In addition, we may hold equity-related securities consisting primarily of warrants or other equity interests generally obtained in connection with our subordinated debt or other investments. In the future, we may achieve liquidity through a merger or acquisition of a portfolio company, a public offering of a portfolio company’s stock or by exercising our right, if any, to require a portfolio company to repurchase the equity-related securities we hold. With respect to any preferred or common equity investments, we expect to target an annual investment return of at least 25%.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

In addition, we may maintain a certain level of cash or equivalent instruments to make follow-on investments if necessary in existing portfolio companies or to take advantage of new opportunities.

Comparison of Targeted Debt Investments to Corporate Bonds

Loans to private companies are debt instruments that can be compared to corporate bonds to aid an investor’s understanding. As with corporate bonds, loans to private companies can range in credit quality depending on security-specific factors, including total leverage, amount of leverage senior to the security in question, variability in the issuer’s cash flows, the quality of assets securing debt and the degree to which such assets cover the subject company’s debt obligations. As is the case in the corporate bond market, we will require

 

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greater returns for securities that we perceive to carry increased risk. The companies in which we invest may be leveraged, often as a result of leveraged buyouts or other recapitalization transactions, and, in certain cases, will not be rated by national rating agencies. We believe that our targeted debt investments typically will carry ratings from an NRSRO and that such ratings generally will be below investment grade (rated lower than “Baa3” by Moody’s Investors Service or lower than “BBB-” by Standard & Poor’s Corporation). To the extent we make unrated investments, we believe that such investments would likely receive similar ratings if they were to be examined by an NRSRO. Compared to below-investment grade corporate bonds that are typically available to the public, our targeted senior secured and second lien secured loan investments are higher in the capital structure, have priority in receiving payment, are secured by the issuer’s assets, allow the lender to seize collateral if necessary, and generally exhibit higher rates of recovery in the event of default. Corporate bonds, on the other hand, are often unsecured obligations of the issuer.

The market for loans to private companies possesses several key differences compared to the corporate bond market. For instance, due to a possible lack of debt ratings for certain small and middle market firms, and also due to the reduced availability of information for private companies, investors must conduct extensive due diligence investigations before committing to an investment. This intensive due diligence process gives the investor significant access to management, which is often not possible in the case of corporate bondholders, who rely on underwriters, debt rating agencies and publicly available information for due diligence reviews and monitoring of corporate issuers. While holding these investments, private debt investors often receive monthly or quarterly updates on the portfolio company’s financial performance, along with possible representation on the company’s board of directors, which allows the investor to take remedial action quickly if conditions happen to deteriorate. Due to reduced liquidity, the relative scarcity of capital and extensive due diligence and expertise required on the part of the investor, we believe that private debt securities typically offer higher returns than corporate bonds of equivalent credit quality.

Sources of Income

The primary means through which our stockholders will receive a return of value is through interest income, dividends and capital gains generated by our investments. In addition to these sources of income, we may receive fees paid by our portfolio companies, including one-time closing fees paid at the time each investment is made and monitoring fees paid throughout the term of our investments. Closing fees typically range from 1.0% to 2.0% of the purchase price of an investment, while monitoring fees generally range from 0.25% to 1.0% of the purchase price of an investment annually. In addition, we may generate revenues in the form of commitment, origination, structuring or diligence fees, fees for providing managerial assistance, consulting fees and performance-based fees.

Risk Management

We seek to limit the downside potential of our investment portfolio by:

 

   

applying our investment strategy guidelines for portfolio investments;

 

   

requiring a total return on investments (including both interest and potential appreciation) that adequately compensates us for credit risk;

 

   

diversifying our portfolio, size permitting, with an adequate number of companies, across different industries, with different types of collateral; and

 

   

negotiating or seeking out loans with covenants that protect us while affording portfolio companies flexibility in managing their businesses consistent with preservation of capital.

Such restrictions may include affirmative and negative covenants, default penalties, lien protection, change of control provisions and board rights. We may also enter into interest rate hedging transactions at the sole discretion of FB Advisor. Such transactions will enable us to selectively modify interest rate exposure as market conditions dictate.

 

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Affirmative Covenants

Affirmative covenants require borrowers to take actions that are meant to ensure the solvency of the company, facilitate the lender’s monitoring of the borrower, and ensure payment of interest and loan principal due to lenders. Examples of affirmative covenants include requiring the firm to maintain adequate insurance, accounting and tax records, and to produce frequent financial reports for the benefit of the lender.

Negative Covenants

Negative covenants impose restrictions on the borrower and are meant to protect lenders from actions that the borrower may take that could harm the credit quality of the lender’s investments. Examples of negative covenants include restrictions on the payment of dividends and restrictions on the issuance of additional debt without the lender’s approval. In addition, certain covenants restrict a borrower’s activities by requiring it to meet certain earnings interest coverage ratio and leverage ratio requirements. These covenants are also referred to as financial or maintenance covenants.

Investment Process

The investment professionals employed by FB Advisor and GDFM have spent their careers developing the resources necessary to invest in private companies. Our transaction process is highlighted below.

Our Transaction Process

 

LOGO

Sourcing

In order to source transactions, FB Advisor seeks to leverage GDFM’s significant access to transaction flow, along with GDFM’s trading platform, which allows for access to the syndicated loan market, a key source of investment opportunities for us. GDFM seeks to generate investment opportunities through its trading platform, through syndicate and club deals and, subject to regulatory constraints, through GSO’s proprietary origination channels. With respect to syndicate and club deals, GDFM has built a network of relationships with commercial and investment banks, finance companies and other investment funds as a result of the long track record of its investment professionals in the leveraged finance marketplace. With respect to GDFM’s origination channel, FB Advisor seeks to leverage the global presence of GSO to generate access to originated transactions with attractive investment characteristics. We believe that the broad networks of FB Advisor and GDFM will produce a significant pipeline of investment opportunities for us.

Evaluation

Initial Review. In its initial review of an investment opportunity to present to FB Advisor, GDFM’s transaction team examines information furnished by the target company and external sources, including rating agencies, if applicable, to determine whether the investment meets our basic investment criteria and other guidelines specified by FB Advisor, within the context of proper portfolio diversification, and offers an acceptable probability of attractive returns with identifiable downside risk. For the majority of loans available on the secondary market, a comprehensive credit analysis is conducted and continuously maintained by a dedicated GDFM research analyst, the results of which are available for the transaction team to review. In the case of a primary loan transaction, FB Advisor and GDFM conduct detailed due diligence investigations as necessary.

 

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Credit Analysis/Due Diligence. Before undertaking an investment, the transaction team conducts a thorough due diligence review of the opportunity to ensure the company fits our investment strategy, which may include:

 

   

a full operational analysis to identify the key risks and opportunities of the target’s business, including a detailed review of historical and projected financial results;

 

   

a detailed analysis of industry dynamics, competitive position, regulatory, tax and legal matters;

 

   

on-site visits, if deemed necessary;

 

   

background checks to further evaluate management and other key personnel;

 

   

a review by legal and accounting professionals, environmental or other industry consultants, if necessary;

 

   

financial sponsor due diligence, including portfolio company and lender reference checks, if necessary; and

 

   

a review of management’s experience and track record.

When possible, our advisory team seeks to structure transactions in such a way that our target companies are required to bear the costs of due diligence, including those costs related to any outside consulting work we may require.

Execution

Recommendation. FB Advisor has engaged GDFM to identify and recommend investment opportunities for its approval. GDFM seeks to maintain a defensive approach toward its investment recommendations by emphasizing risk control in its transaction process, which includes (i) the pre-review of each opportunity by one of its portfolio managers to assess the general quality, value and fit relative to our portfolio, (ii) where possible, transaction structuring with a focus on preservation of capital in varying economic environments and (iii) ultimate approval of investment recommendations by GDFM’s investment committee.

Approval. After completing its internal transaction process, GDFM makes formal recommendations for review and approval by FB Advisor. In connection with its recommendation, it transmits any relevant underwriting material and other information pertinent to the decision-making process. In addition, GDFM makes its staff available to answer inquiries by FB Advisor in connection with its recommendations. The consummation of a transaction requires unanimous approval of the members of FB Advisor’s investment committee.

Monitoring

Portfolio Monitoring. FB Advisor, with the help of GDFM, monitors our portfolio with a focus toward anticipating negative credit events. To maintain portfolio company performance and help to ensure a successful exit, FB Advisor and GDFM work closely with the lead equity sponsor, loan syndicator, portfolio company management, consultants, advisers and other lenders to discuss financial position, compliance with covenants, financial requirements and execution of the company’s business plan. In addition, depending on the size, nature and performance of the transaction, we may occupy a seat or serve as an observer on a portfolio company’s board of directors.

Typically, FB Advisor and GDFM receive financial reports detailing operating performance, sales volumes, margins, cash flows, financial position and other key operating metrics on a quarterly basis from our portfolio companies. FB Advisor and GDFM use these data, combined with due diligence gained through contact with the company’s customers, suppliers, competitors, market research and other methods, to conduct an ongoing, rigorous assessment of the company’s operating performance and prospects.

 

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In addition to various risk management and monitoring tools, FB Advisor uses an investment rating system to characterize and monitor the expected level of returns on each investment in our portfolio. FB Advisor uses an investment rating scale of 1 to 5. The following is a description of the conditions associated with each investment rating:

 

Investment

Rating

  

Summary Description

1

   Investment exceeding expectations and/or capital gain expected.

2

   Performing investment generally executing in accordance with the portfolio company’s business plan—full return of principal and interest expected.

3

   Performing investment requiring closer monitoring.

4

   Underperforming investment—some loss of interest or dividend expected, but still expecting a positive return on investment.

5

   Underperforming investment with expected loss of interest and some principal.

FB Advisor monitors and, when appropriate, changes the investment ratings assigned to each investment in our portfolio. In connection with valuing our assets, our board of directors reviews these investment ratings on a quarterly basis. In the event that our board of directors or advisory team determines that an investment is underperforming, or circumstances suggest that the risk associated with a particular investment has significantly increased, they attempt to sell the asset in the secondary market, if applicable, or to implement a plan to attempt to exit the investment or to correct the situation.

The following table shows the distribution of our investments on the 1 to 5 investment rating scale at fair value as of December 31, 2011 and 2010:

 

     December 31, 2011     December 31, 2010  

Investment Rating

   Investments
at Fair
Value
     Percentage
of
Portfolio
    Investments
at Fair
Value
     Percentage
of
Portfolio
 

1

   $ —           —        $ 38,899         5

2

     1,768,639         96     682,861         93

3

     65,327         3     11,384         2

4

     9,893         1     436         0

5

     499         0     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 1,844,358         100   $ 733,580         100
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The amount of the portfolio in each grading category may vary substantially from period to period resulting primarily from changes in the composition of the portfolio as a result of new investment, repayment and exit activities. In addition, changes in the grade of investments may be made to reflect our expectation of performance and changes in investment values.

Valuation Process. Each quarter, we value investments in our portfolio, and such values are disclosed each quarter in reports filed with the SEC. Investments for which market quotations are readily available are recorded at such market quotations. With respect to investments for which market quotations are not readily available, our board of directors determines the fair value of investments in good faith utilizing the input of our valuation committee, FB Advisor, and the input of any other professionals or materials that our board of directors deems worthy and relevant, including GDFM and independent third-party valuation firms, if applicable. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Valuation of Portfolio Investments.”

Managerial Assistance. As a BDC, we will offer, and must provide upon request, managerial assistance to certain of our portfolio companies. This assistance could involve, among other things, monitoring the operations

 

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of our portfolio companies, participating in board and management meetings, consulting with and advising officers of portfolio companies and providing other organizational and financial guidance. Depending on the nature of the assistance required, FB Advisor or GDFM will provide such managerial assistance on our behalf to portfolio companies that request this assistance. To the extent fees are paid for these services, we, rather than FB Advisor, will retain any fees paid for such assistance.

Exit

Many of our current investments are tradable in a privately negotiated over-the-counter market, providing us a means by which we may exit our positions. We expect that a large portion of our portfolio will continue to be tradable on this secondary market for the foreseeable future, depending on market conditions. For any investments that are not tradable within this market, we focus primarily on investing in companies whose business models and growth prospects offer attractive exit possibilities, including repayment of our investments, with the potential for capital gain on any equity interests we hold, through an initial public offering of common stock, a merger, a sale or a recapitalization.

Financing Arrangements

Revolving Credit Facility

On March 23, 2012, Broad Street Funding LLC, or Broad Street, our wholly-owned financing subsidiary, Deutsche Bank AG, New York Branch, or Deutsche Bank, and the other lenders party thereto entered into an amendment, or the March 2012 amendment, to the multi-lender, syndicated revolving credit facility, or the credit facility, that Broad Street originally entered into with Deutsche Bank on March 10, 2010. Deutsche Bank is a lender and serves as administrative agent under the credit facility.

The March 2012 amendment extended the maturity date of the credit facility to March 23, 2013, increased the amount of the Tranche C Commitment (described below) from $100,000 to $140,000 and reduced the interest rate for all borrowings under the credit facility to a rate of LIBOR + 1.50% per annum. In connection with the March 2012 amendment, Broad Street paid Deutsche Bank a setup fee of $950 and has agreed to pay Deutsche Bank an additional $950 upon the termination date of the facility, provided that such termination fee will not be payable if Broad Street refinances the credit facility with Deutsche Bank or enters into an alternate financing arrangement with or through Deutsche Bank.

The credit facility provides for borrowings in an aggregate amount up to $380,000. Pursuant to the terms of the credit facility, borrowings thereunder may be designated as Tranche A borrowings in an amount up to $240,000 (referred to herein as the Tranche A Commitment) or as Tranche C borrowings in an amount up to $140,000 (referred to herein as the Tranche C Commitment). The credit facility also provides for Tranche B borrowings in an amount up to $100,000 (referred to herein as the Tranche B Commitment), but there are currently no Tranche B Commitments outstanding. All Tranche A Commitments and Tranche C Commitments bear interest at the rate of LIBOR + 1.50% per annum and will mature and be due and payable on March 23, 2013. Prior to the March 2012 amendment, Tranche A Commitments bore interest at the rate of LIBOR + 2.23% and Tranche C Commitments bore interest at the rate of LIBOR + 1.85% per annum.

Under the credit facility, we have transferred from time to time debt securities to Broad Street as a contribution to capital and retain a residual interest in the contributed debt securities through our ownership of Broad Street. We may contribute additional debt securities to Broad Street from time to time and Broad Street may purchase additional debt securities from various sources. Broad Street has appointed us to manage its portfolio of debt securities pursuant to the terms of an investment management agreement. Broad Street’s obligations to the lenders under the credit facility are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of Broad Street, including its portfolio of debt securities. The obligations of Broad Street under the credit facility are non-recourse to us and our exposure under the credit facility is limited to the value of our investment in Broad Street.

 

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As of December 31, 2011, $340,000 was outstanding under the credit facility. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources” for a more detailed discussion of the terms of the credit facility.

Borrowings of Broad Street will be considered borrowings by us for purposes of complying with the asset coverage requirements under the 1940 Act applicable to BDCs.

Total Return Swap

On March 18, 2011, Arch Street Funding LLC, or Arch Street, our wholly-owned financing subsidiary, entered into a total return swap, or TRS, for senior secured floating rate loans with Citibank, N.A., or Citibank. On June 9, 2011, Arch Street entered into an amendment to the TRS to increase the maximum market value of the portfolio of loans subject to the TRS from $200,000 to $300,000, and on February 16, 2012, Arch Street entered into a second amendment to the TRS to increase this amount from $300,000 to $515,000.

The TRS with Citibank enables us, through our ownership of Arch Street, to obtain the economic benefit of owning the loans subject to the TRS, without actually owning them, in return for an interest-type payment to Citibank. As such, the TRS is analogous to Arch Street borrowing funds to acquire loans and incurring interest expense to a lender.

The obligations of Arch Street under the TRS are non-recourse to us and our exposure under the TRS is limited to the value of our investment in Arch Street, which generally will equal the value of cash collateral provided by Arch Street under the TRS. Pursuant to the terms of the TRS, Arch Street may select a portfolio of loans with a maximum aggregate market value (determined at the time each such loan becomes subject to the TRS) of $515,000. Arch Street is required to initially cash collateralize a specified percentage of each loan (generally between 20% and 25% of the market value of such loan) included under the TRS in accordance with margin requirements described in the agreements governing the TRS. Under the terms of the TRS, Arch Street has agreed not to draw upon, or post as collateral, such cash collateral in respect of other financings or operating requirements prior to the termination of the TRS. Neither the cash collateral required to be posted with Citibank nor any other assets of Arch Street are available to pay our debts.

Pursuant to the terms of an investment management agreement that we have entered into with Arch Street, we act as the manager of the rights and obligations of Arch Street under the TRS, including selecting the specific loans to be included in the portfolio of loans subject to the TRS. Accordingly, the loans selected by Arch Street for purposes of the TRS are selected by us in accordance with our investment objectives and strategy to generate current income and, to a lesser extent, long-term capital appreciation. In addition, pursuant to the terms of the TRS, Arch Street may select any loan or obligation available in the market to be included in the portfolio of loans that meets the obligation criteria set forth in the agreements between Arch Street and Citibank which collectively establish the TRS and are collectively referred to herein as the TRS Agreement.

Each individual loan, and the portfolio of loans taken as a whole, must meet criteria described in the TRS Agreement. Under the terms of the TRS, Citibank, as calculation agent, determines whether there has been a failure to satisfy the portfolio criteria in the TRS. If such failure continues for 30 days following the delivery of notice thereof, then Citibank has the right, but not the obligation, to terminate the TRS. Arch Street receives from Citibank all interest and fees payable in respect of the loans included in the portfolio. Arch Street pays to Citibank interest at a rate equal to one-month LIBOR + 1.27% per annum (which rate was equal to one-month LIBOR + 1.25% per annum prior to the increase in the size of the TRS to $515,000). In addition, upon the termination or repayment of any loan subject to the TRS, Arch Street will either receive from Citibank the appreciation in the value of such loan or pay to Citibank any depreciation in the value of such loan.

Under the terms of the TRS, Arch Street may be required to post additional cash collateral, on a dollar-for-dollar basis, in the event of depreciation in the value of the underlying loans after such value decreases

 

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below a specified amount. The limit on the additional collateral that Arch Street may be required to post pursuant to the TRS is equal to the difference between the full notional amount of the loans underlying the TRS and the amount of cash collateral already posted by Arch Street. The amount of collateral required to be posted by Arch Street is determined primarily on the basis of the aggregate value of the underlying loans.

We have no contractual obligation to post any such additional collateral or to make any interest payments to Citibank. We may, but are not obligated to, increase our equity investment in Arch Street for the purpose of funding any additional collateral or payment obligations for which Arch Street may become obligated during the term of the TRS. If we do not make any such additional investment in Arch Street and Arch Street fails to meet its obligations under the TRS, then Citibank will have the right to terminate the TRS and seize the cash collateral posted by Arch Street under the TRS. In the event of an early termination of the TRS, Arch Street would be required to pay an early termination fee.

Citibank may terminate the TRS on or after March 18, 2013, the second anniversary of the effectiveness of the TRS. Arch Street may terminate the TRS at any time upon providing no more than 30 days, and no less than 10 days, prior notice to Citibank. Any termination prior to the second anniversary of the effectiveness of the TRS will result in payment of an early termination fee to Citibank based on the maximum notional amount of the TRS. Under the terms of the TRS, the early termination fee will equal the present value of a stream of monthly payments which would be owed by Arch Street to Citibank for the period from the termination date through and including March 18, 2013. Such monthly payments will equal the product of (x) 90%, multiplied by (y) the aggregate notional amount of the TRS ($515,000), multiplied by (z) 1.27% per annum. If the TRS had been terminated as of March 20, 2012, Arch Street would have been required to pay an early termination fee of approximately $4,500. Arch Street is required to pay a minimum usage fee in connection with the TRS. Arch Street will also pay Citibank customary fees in connection with the establishment and maintenance of the TRS.

The value of the TRS is based primarily on the valuation of the underlying portfolio of loans subject to the TRS. Pursuant to the terms of the TRS, on each business day, Citibank values each underlying loan in good faith on a mark-to-market basis by determining how much Citibank would receive on such date if it sold the loan in the open market. Citibank reports the mark-to-market values of the underlying loans to Arch Street. Each of the loans underlying the TRS is required to be rated by Moody’s and S&P and quoted by a nationally-recognized pricing service.

As of December 31, 2011, the fair value of the TRS was $(1,996). See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources” for a more detailed discussion of the terms of the TRS.

For purposes of the asset coverage ratio test applicable to us as a BDC, we have agreed with the staff of the SEC to treat the outstanding notional amount of the TRS, less the initial amount of any cash collateral required to be posted by Arch Street under the TRS, as a senior security for the life of that instrument. We may, however, accord different treatment to the TRS in the future in accordance with any applicable new rules or interpretations adopted by the staff of the SEC.

Further, for purposes of Section 55(a) under the 1940 Act, we have agreed with the staff of the SEC to treat each loan underlying the TRS as a qualifying asset if the obligor on such loan is an eligible portfolio company and as a non-qualifying asset if the obligor is not an eligible portfolio company. See “—Regulation.” We may, however, accord different treatment to the TRS in the future in accordance with any applicable new rules or interpretations adopted by the staff of the SEC.

JPM Financing

On July 21, 2011, we entered into a conventional debt financing arrangement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., London Branch, or JPM, through two wholly-owned subsidiaries, pursuant to which up to $300,000 was

 

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made available to us to fund investments in new securities and for other general corporate purposes. On February 15, 2012, we amended the JPM financing arrangement to increase the amount of the debt financing available under the arrangement from $300,000 to $400,000. Pricing under the facility is based on three-month LIBOR plus a spread of 3.25% per annum for the relevant period. We elected to structure the financing in the manner described more fully below in order to, among other things, obtain such financing at a lower cost than would be available through alternate arrangements.

Pursuant to the financing transaction, loans in our portfolio having an aggregate market value of up to $800,000 may be sold by us from time to time to Locust Street Funding LLC, or Locust Street, a special-purpose bankruptcy-remote subsidiary of ours, pursuant to an asset transfer agreement we entered into with Locust Street, or the Asset Transfer Agreement. Under the Asset Transfer Agreement, as of December 31, 2011, we had sold loans to Locust Street for a purchase price of approximately $365,396, all of which consisted of equity interests in Locust Street that Locust Street issued to us. We own all of the equity in Locust Street.

Loans purchased by Locust Street will secure the obligations of Locust Street under Class A Floating Rate Notes, or the Class A Notes, to be issued by Locust Street from time to time to Race Street Funding, LLC, or Race Street, another special-purpose bankruptcy-remote subsidiary of ours, pursuant to an indenture Locust Street entered into with Citibank, N.A., as trustee, or the Indenture. The Class A Notes may be issued in an aggregate principal amount of up to $560,000 and mature on July 15, 2021. Race Street will purchase the issued Class A Notes from time to time at a purchase price equal to their par value. We own all of the equity in Race Street.

Race Street, in turn, has entered into repurchase transactions with JPM pursuant to the terms of a master repurchase agreement and the related annex and amended and restated confirmation to such agreement, or collectively, the JPM Facility. Pursuant to the JPM Facility, JPM has agreed to purchase from time to time Class A Notes held by Race Street for an aggregate purchase price equal to approximately 71% of the principal amount of Class A Notes purchased. Subject to certain conditions, the maximum principal amount of Class A Notes that may be purchased under the JPM Facility is $560,000. Accordingly, the maximum amount payable at any time to Race Street under the JPM Facility will not exceed $400,000. Under the JPM Facility, Race Street will, on a quarterly basis, repurchase the Class A Notes sold to JPM under the JPM Facility and subsequently resell such Class A Notes to JPM. The final repurchase transaction must occur no later than July 15, 2015. The repurchase price paid by Race Street to JPM for each repurchase of the Class A Notes will be equal to the purchase price paid by JPM for such Class A Notes, plus interest thereon accrued at the applicable pricing rate under the JPM Facility, as described below.

If at any time during the term of the JPM Facility the market value of the underlying loans held by Locust Street securing the Class A Notes declines by an amount greater than 27% of their initial aggregate purchase price, or the Margin Threshold, Race Street will be required to post cash collateral with JPM in an amount at least equal to the amount by which the market value of such loans at such time is less than the Margin Threshold. In such event, in order to satisfy these margin-posting requirements, Race Street intends to borrow funds from us pursuant to a revolving credit agreement we entered into, as lender, with Race Street, as borrower, or the Revolving Credit Agreement. We may, in our sole discretion, make such loans from time to time to Race Street pursuant to the terms of the Revolving Credit Agreement.

In connection with the Class A Notes and the Indenture, Locust Street also entered into (i) a collateral management agreement with us, as collateral manager, dated as of July 21, 2011, pursuant to which we manage the assets of Locust Street, and (ii) a collateral administration agreement with Virtus Group, LP, or Virtus, as collateral administrator, dated as of July 21, 2011, pursuant to which Virtus performs certain administrative services with respect to the assets of Locust Street.

As of December 31, 2011, Class A Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $300,000 had been purchased by Race Street from Locust Street and subsequently sold to JPM under the JPM Facility for aggregate proceeds

 

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of approximately $214,286. As of December 31, 2011, the fair value of loans held by Locust Street was $576,830, which included loans purchased by Locust Street with proceeds from the issuance of Class A Notes. On January 17, 2012, an additional Class A Note in the principal amount of $120,000 was purchased by Race Street from Locust Street and subsequently sold to JPM for proceeds of $85,714.

See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources” for a more detailed discussion of the terms of the JPM financing arrangement.

Amounts outstanding under the JPM Facility will be considered borrowings by us for purposes of complying with the asset coverage requirements under the 1940 Act applicable to BDCs.

Regulation

We have elected to be regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. The 1940 Act contains prohibitions and restrictions relating to transactions between BDCs and their affiliates, principal underwriters and affiliates of those affiliates or underwriters. The 1940 Act requires that a majority of our directors be persons other than “interested persons,” as that term is defined in the 1940 Act. In addition, the 1940 Act provides that we may not change the nature of our business so as to cease to be, or to withdraw our election as, a BDC unless approved by a majority of our outstanding voting securities.

The 1940 Act defines “a majority of the outstanding voting securities” as the lesser of (i) 67% or more of the voting securities present at a meeting if the holders of more than 50% of our outstanding voting securities are present or represented by proxy or (ii) 50% of our voting securities.

We will generally not be able to issue and sell our common stock at a price below net asset value per share. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Business Development Companies—Regulations governing our operation as a BDC and RIC will affect our ability to raise, and the way in which we raise additional capital or borrow for investment purposes, which may have a negative effect on our growth.” We may, however, sell our common stock, or warrants, options or rights to acquire our common stock, at a price below the then-current net asset value of our common stock if our board of directors determines that such sale is in our best interests and the best interests of our stockholders, and our stockholders approve such sale. In addition, we may generally issue new shares of our common stock at a price below net asset value in rights offerings to existing stockholders, in payment of dividends and in certain other limited circumstances.

As a BDC, we are subject to certain regulatory restrictions in making our investments. For example, we generally will not be permitted to co-invest with certain entities affiliated with FB Advisor or GDFM in transactions originated by FB Advisor or GDFM or their respective affiliates unless we obtain an exemptive order from the SEC or co-invest alongside FB Advisor or GDFM or their respective affiliates in accordance with existing regulatory guidance. However, we are permitted to, and may co-invest in syndicated deals and secondary loan market transactions where price is the only negotiated point. We are currently seeking exemptive relief from the SEC to engage in co-investment transactions with FB Advisor and GDFM and/or their respective affiliates. However, there can be no assurance that we will obtain such exemptive relief. Even if we receive exemptive relief, neither FB Advisor nor GDFM or their respective affiliates are obligated to offer us the right to participate in any transactions originated by them. Prior to obtaining exemptive relief, we intend to co-invest alongside FB Advisor or GDFM or their respective affiliates only in accordance with existing regulatory guidance.

 

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Qualifying Assets

Under the 1940 Act, a BDC may not acquire any asset other than assets of the type listed in Section 55(a) of the 1940 Act, which are referred to as qualifying assets, unless, at the time the acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of the company’s total assets. The principal categories of qualifying assets relevant to our business are any of the following:

 

  1. Securities purchased in transactions not involving any public offering from the issuer of such securities, which issuer (subject to certain limited exceptions) is an eligible portfolio company, or from any person who is, or has been during the preceding 13 months, an affiliated person of an eligible portfolio company, or from any other person, subject to such rules as may be prescribed by the SEC. An eligible portfolio company is defined in the 1940 Act as any issuer which:

 

  a. is organized under the laws of, and has its principal place of business in, the United States;

 

  b. is not an investment company (other than a small business investment company wholly owned by the BDC) or a company that would be an investment company but for certain exclusions under the 1940 Act; and

 

  c. satisfies any of the following:

 

  i. does not have any class of securities that is traded on a national securities exchange;

 

  ii. has a class of securities listed on a national securities exchange, but has an aggregate market value of outstanding voting and non-voting common equity of less than $250 million;

 

  iii. is controlled by a BDC or a group of companies including a BDC and the BDC has an affiliated person who is a director of the eligible portfolio company; or

 

  iv. is a small and solvent company having total assets of not more than $4.0 million and capital and surplus of not less than $2.0 million.

 

  2. Securities of any eligible portfolio company that we control.

 

  3. Securities purchased in a private transaction from a U.S. issuer that is not an investment company or from an affiliated person of the issuer, or in transactions incident thereto, if the issuer is in bankruptcy and subject to reorganization or if the issuer, immediately prior to the purchase of its securities was unable to meet its obligations as they came due without material assistance other than conventional lending or financing arrangements.

 

  4. Securities of an eligible portfolio company purchased from any person in a private transaction if there is no ready market for such securities and we already own 60% of the outstanding equity of the eligible portfolio company.

 

  5. Securities received in exchange for or distributed on or with respect to securities described in (1) through (4) above, or pursuant to the exercise of warrants or rights relating to such securities.

 

  6. Cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment.

In addition, a BDC must have been organized and have its principal place of business in the United States and must be operated for the purpose of making investments in the types of securities described in (1), (2) or (3) above.

Managerial Assistance to Portfolio Companies

In order to count portfolio securities as qualifying assets for the purpose of the 70% test, we must either control the issuer of the securities or must offer to make available to the issuer of the securities (other than small and solvent companies described above) significant managerial assistance; except that, where we purchase such securities in conjunction with one or more other persons acting together, one of the other persons in the group

 

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may make available such managerial assistance. Making available managerial assistance means, among other things, any arrangement whereby the BDC, through its directors, officers or employees, offers to provide, and, if accepted, does so provide, significant guidance and counsel concerning the management, operations or business objectives and policies of a portfolio company.

Temporary Investments

Pending investment in other types of “qualifying assets,” as described above, our investments may consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment, which we refer to, collectively, as temporary investments, so that 70% of our assets are qualifying assets. Typically, we will invest in U.S. Treasury bills or in repurchase agreements, provided that such agreements are fully collateralized by cash or securities issued by the U.S. government or its agencies. A repurchase agreement involves the purchase by an investor, such as us, of a specified security and the simultaneous agreement by the seller to repurchase it at an agreed-upon future date and at a price that is greater than the purchase price by an amount that reflects an agreed-upon interest rate. There is no percentage restriction on the proportion of our assets that may be invested in such repurchase agreements. However, if more than 25% of our total assets constitute repurchase agreements from a single counterparty, we would not meet the asset diversification tests in order to qualify as a RIC for federal income tax purposes as described below under “—Taxation as a Regulated Investment Company.” Thus, we do not intend to enter into repurchase agreements with a single counterparty in excess of this limit. FB Advisor will monitor the creditworthiness of the counterparties with which we enter into repurchase agreement transactions.

Senior Securities

We are permitted, under specified conditions, to issue multiple classes of debt and one class of stock senior to our common stock if our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, is at least equal to 200% immediately after each such issuance. In addition, while any senior securities remain outstanding, we must make provisions to prohibit any distribution to our stockholders or the repurchase of such securities or shares unless we meet the applicable asset coverage ratios at the time of the distribution or repurchase. We may also borrow amounts up to 5% of the value of our total assets for temporary or emergency purposes without regard to asset coverage. For a discussion of the risks associated with leverage, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Debt Financing” and “Item 1A. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Business Development Companies.”

Code of Ethics

We have adopted a code of ethics pursuant to Rule 17j-1 under the 1940 Act that, among other things, establishes procedures for personal investments and restricts certain personal securities transactions. Personnel subject to the code may invest in securities for their personal investment accounts, including securities that may be purchased or held by us, so long as such investments are made in accordance with the code’s requirements. We have attached our code of ethics as an exhibit to the registration statement pertaining to the public offering of our shares of common stock. Stockholders may also read and copy the code of ethics at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Stockholders may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at (202) 557-8090. In addition, the code of ethics is available on the EDGAR Database on the SEC’s Internet site at www.sec.gov.

Compliance Policies and Procedures

We and FB Advisor have adopted and implemented written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent violation of the federal securities laws and are required to review these compliance policies and procedures annually for their adequacy and the effectiveness of their implementation. Our chief compliance officer and the chief compliance officer of FB Advisor are responsible for administering these policies and procedures.

 

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Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

We have delegated our proxy voting responsibility to FB Advisor. The proxy voting policies and procedures of FB Advisor are set forth below. The guidelines are reviewed periodically by FB Advisor and our non-interested directors, and, accordingly, are subject to change.

As an investment adviser registered under the Advisers Act, FB Advisor has a fiduciary duty to act solely in the best interests of its clients. As part of this duty, it recognizes that it must vote client securities in a timely manner free of conflicts of interest and in the best interests of its clients.

These policies and procedures for voting proxies for the investment advisory clients of FB Advisor are intended to comply with Section 206 of, and Rule 206(4)-6 under, the Advisers Act.

FB Advisor will vote proxies relating to our securities in the best interest of its clients’ stockholders. It will review on a case-by-case basis each proposal submitted for a stockholder vote to determine its impact on the portfolio securities held by its clients. Although FB Advisor will generally vote against proposals that may have a negative impact on its clients’ portfolio securities, it may vote for such a proposal if there exists compelling long-term reasons to do so.

The proxy voting decisions of FB Advisor are made by the senior officers who are responsible for monitoring each of its clients’ investments. To ensure that its vote is not the product of a conflict of interest, it will require that: (a) anyone involved in the decision-making process disclose to its chief compliance officer any potential conflict that he or she is aware of and any contact that he or she has had with any interested party regarding a proxy vote; and (b) employees involved in the decision making process or vote administration are prohibited from revealing how FB Advisor intends to vote on a proposal in order to reduce any attempted influence from interested parties.

Stockholders may obtain information, without charge, regarding how we voted proxies with respect to our portfolio securities by making a written request for proxy voting information to: Chief Compliance Officer, FS Investment Corporation, Cira Centre, 2929 Arch Street, Suite 675, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104.

Other

We will be periodically examined by the SEC for compliance with the 1940 Act.

We are required to provide and maintain a bond issued by a reputable fidelity insurance company to protect us against larceny and embezzlement. Furthermore, as a BDC, we are prohibited from protecting any director or officer against any liability to us or our stockholders arising from willful misconduct, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of such person’s office.

Securities Exchange Act and Sarbanes-Oxley Act Compliance

We are subject to the reporting and disclosure requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, including the filing of quarterly, annual and current reports, proxy statements and other required items. In addition, we are subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which imposes a wide variety of regulatory requirements on publicly-held companies and their insiders. Many of these requirements affect us. For example:

 

   

pursuant to Rule 13a-14 of the Exchange Act, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer are required to certify the accuracy of the financial statements contained in our periodic reports;

 

   

pursuant to Item 307 of Regulation S-K, our periodic reports are required to disclose our conclusions about the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures; and

 

   

pursuant to Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act, our management is required to prepare a report regarding its assessment of our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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The Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires us to review our current policies and procedures to determine whether we comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder. We monitor our compliance with all regulations that are adopted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and take actions necessary to ensure that we are in compliance therewith. In addition, we have voluntarily elected to comply with Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and have engaged our independent registered public accounting firm to audit our internal control over financial reporting.

Taxation as a Regulated Investment Company

We have elected, effective as of the date of our formation, to be treated as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. As a RIC, we generally will not have to pay corporate-level federal income taxes on any income that we distribute to our stockholders from our tax earnings and profits. To qualify as a RIC, we must, among other things, meet certain source-of-income and asset diversification requirements (as described below). In addition, in order to maintain RIC tax treatment, we must distribute to our stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90% of our “investment company taxable income,” which is generally our net ordinary income plus the excess, if any, of realized net short-term capital gains over realized net long-term capital losses, or the Annual Distribution Requirement.

If we:

 

   

qualify as a RIC; and

 

   

satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement,

then we will not be subject to federal income tax on the portion of our income we distribute (or are deemed to distribute) to stockholders. We will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at the regular corporate rates on any income or capital gains not distributed (or deemed distributed) to our stockholders.

We will be subject to a 4% nondeductible federal excise tax on certain undistributed income unless we distribute in a timely manner an amount at least equal to the sum of (1) 98% of our net ordinary income for each calendar year, (2) 98.2% of our capital gain net income for the one-year period ending October 31 in that calendar year and (3) any income recognized, but not distributed, in preceding years and on which we paid no federal income tax, or the Excise Tax Avoidance Requirement. We generally will endeavor in each taxable year to avoid any U.S. federal excise tax on our earnings.

In order to qualify as a RIC for federal income tax purposes, we must, among other things:

 

   

continue to qualify as a BDC under the 1940 Act at all times during each taxable year;

 

   

derive in each taxable year at least 90% of our gross income from dividends, interest, payments with respect to certain securities, loans, gains from the sale of stock or other securities, net income from certain “qualified publicly traded partnerships,” or other income derived with respect to our business of investing in such stock or securities; and

 

   

diversify our holdings so that at the end of each quarter of the taxable year:

 

   

at least 50% of the value of our assets consists of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. Government securities, securities of other RICs, and other securities if such other securities of any one issuer do not represent more than 5% of the value of our assets or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer; and

 

   

no more than 25% of the value of our assets is invested in the securities, other than U.S. government securities or securities of other RICs, of one issuer, of two or more issuers that are controlled, as determined under applicable Code rules, by us and that are engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses or of certain “qualified publicly traded partnerships,” or the Diversification Tests.

 

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For federal income tax purposes, we may be required to recognize taxable income in circumstances in which we do not receive a corresponding payment in cash. For example, if we hold debt obligations that are treated under applicable tax rules as having original issue discount (such as debt instruments with PIK interest or, in certain cases, increasing interest rates or debt instruments that were issued with warrants), we must include in income each year a portion of the original issue discount that accrues over the life of the obligation, regardless of whether cash representing such income is received by us in the same taxable year. We may also have to include in income other amounts that we have not yet received in cash, such as deferred loan origination fees that are paid after origination of the loan or are paid in non-cash compensation such as warrants or stock. We anticipate that a portion of our income may constitute original issue discount or other income required to be included in taxable income prior to receipt of cash.

Because any original issue discount or other amounts accrued will be included in our investment company taxable income for the year of the accrual, we may be required to make a distribution to our stockholders in order to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement, even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount. As a result, we may have difficulty meeting the annual distribution requirement necessary to qualify for and maintain RIC tax treatment under the Code. We may have to sell some of our investments at times and/or at prices we would not consider advantageous, raise additional debt or equity capital or forgo new investment opportunities for this purpose. If we are not able to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and thus become subject to corporate-level income tax.

Although we do not presently expect to do so, we are authorized to borrow funds and to sell assets in order to satisfy distribution requirements. However, under the 1940 Act, we are not permitted to make distributions to our stockholders while our debt obligations and other senior securities are outstanding unless certain “asset coverage” tests are met. See “—Regulation—Senior Securities.” Moreover, our ability to dispose of assets to meet our distribution requirements may be limited by (1) the illiquid nature of our portfolio and/or (2) other requirements relating to our status as a RIC, including the Diversification Tests. If we dispose of assets in order to meet the Annual Distribution Requirement or the Excise Tax Avoidance Requirement, we may make such dispositions at times that, from an investment standpoint, are not advantageous.

Employees

We do not currently have any employees. Each of our executive officers aside from our chief compliance officer, Salvatore Faia, is a principal, officer or employee of FB Advisor, which manages and oversees our investment operations. Mr. Faia is not affiliated with FB Advisor. In the future, FB Advisor may retain additional investment personnel based upon its needs.

Available Information

Within 60 days after each fiscal quarter, we will distribute our quarterly report on Form 10-Q to all stockholders of record. In addition, we will distribute our annual report on Form 10-K to all stockholders within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year. These reports will also be available on our website at www.fsinvestmentcorp.com and on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into this annual report on Form 10-K and stockholders should not consider information contained on our website to be part of this annual report on Form 10-K.

We are required to file with or submit to the SEC annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information meeting the informational requirements of the Exchange Act. Stockholders may inspect and copy these reports, proxy statements and other information, as well as related exhibits and schedules, at the Public Reference Room of the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Stockholders may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at (202) 557-8090. The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information filed electronically by us with the SEC, which are available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Copies of these reports, proxy and information statements and other information may be obtained, after paying a duplicating fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov, or by writing the SEC’s Public Reference Section, 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549.

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

Investing in our common stock involves a number of significant risks. In addition to the other information contained in this annual report on Form 10-K, investors should consider carefully the following information before making an investment in our common stock. If any of the following events occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In such case, the net asset value of our common stock could decline, and investors may lose all or part of their investment.

Risks Related to Our Business and Structure

We are a relatively new company and have limited operating history.

We were formed on December 21, 2007 and commenced operations on January 2, 2009 after meeting our minimum offering requirement of selling, in aggregate, $2,500 in common stock to persons not affiliated with us or FB Advisor. We are subject to all of the business risks and uncertainties associated with any new business, including the risk that we will not achieve our investment objectives and that the value of our common stock could decline substantially.

Economic activity in the United States was impacted by the global financial crisis of 2008 and has yet to fully recover.

Beginning in the third quarter of 2007, global credit and other financial markets suffered substantial stress, volatility, illiquidity and disruption. These forces reached extraordinary levels in late 2008, resulting in the bankruptcy of, the acquisition of, or government intervention in the affairs of several major domestic and international financial institutions. In particular, the financial services sector was negatively impacted by significant write-offs as the value of the assets held by financial firms declined, impairing their capital positions and abilities to lend and invest. We believe that such value declines were exacerbated by widespread forced liquidations as leveraged holders of financial assets, faced with declining prices, were compelled to sell to meet margin requirements and maintain compliance with applicable capital standards. Such forced liquidations also impaired or eliminated many investors and investment vehicles, leading to a decline in the supply of capital for investment and depressed pricing levels for many assets. These events significantly diminished overall confidence in the debt and equity markets, engendered unprecedented declines in the values of certain assets and caused extreme economic uncertainty.

Economic activity continues to be somewhat subdued as unemployment rates remain high. Despite this, capital has steadily flowed into the financial markets since the nadir of the credit crisis, as general risk aversion has subsided. As a result, corporate interest rate risk premiums, otherwise known as credit spreads, have declined significantly. The improving economic and market conditions which have driven these declines in credit spreads may reverse themselves if uncertainty returns to the markets. Such a reversal could negatively impact credit spreads as well as our ability to obtain financing, particularly from the debt markets.

The downgrade of the U.S. credit rating and the economic crisis in Europe could negatively impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

U.S. debt ceiling and budget deficit concerns, together with signs of deteriorating sovereign debt conditions in Europe, have increased the possibility of additional credit-rating downgrades and economic slowdowns. Although U.S. lawmakers passed legislation to raise the federal debt ceiling, Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services lowered its long-term sovereign credit rating of the U.S. from “AAA” to “AA+” in August 2011. The impact of this downgrade or any further downgrade to the U.S. government’s sovereign credit rating, or its perceived creditworthiness, and the impact of the current crisis in Europe with respect to the ability of certain European Union countries to continue to service their sovereign debt obligations is inherently unpredictable and could adversely affect the U.S. and global financial markets and economic conditions. There can be no assurance that future fiscal or monetary measures to aid economic recovery will be effective. These developments and reactions

 

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of the credit markets toward these developments could cause interest rates and borrowing costs to rise, which may negatively impact our ability to obtain debt financing on favorable terms. In addition, any adverse economic conditions resulting from the recent downgrade or any further downgrade of the U.S. government’s sovereign credit rating or the economic crisis in Europe could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Price declines in the large corporate leveraged loan market may adversely affect the fair value of our syndicated loan portfolio, reducing our net asset value through increased net unrealized depreciation.

Prior to the onset of the financial crisis, collateralized loan obligations, or CLOs, a type of leveraged investment vehicle holding corporate loans, hedge funds and other highly leveraged investment vehicles, comprised the majority of the market for purchasing and holding first and second lien secured loans. As the secondary market pricing of the loans underlying these portfolios deteriorated during the fourth quarter of 2008, it is our understanding that many investors, as a result of their generally high degrees of leverage, were forced to raise cash by selling their interests in performing loans in order to satisfy margin requirements or the equivalent of margin requirements imposed by their lenders. This resulted in a forced deleveraging cycle of price declines, compulsory sales, and further price declines, with widespread redemption requests and other constraints resulting from the credit crisis generating further selling pressure. The pervasive forced selling and resultant price declines led to the elimination or significant impairment of many of our leveraged competitors for investment opportunities, especially those having built their investment portfolios prior to the financial crisis.

While loan prices have recovered from the low levels experienced during the financial crisis, conditions in the large corporate leveraged loan market may deteriorate again, which may cause pricing levels to decline. As a result, we may suffer unrealized depreciation and could incur realized losses in connection with the sale of our syndicated loans, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our ability to achieve our investment objectives depends on FB Advisor’s and GDFM’s ability to manage and support our investment process. If either FB Advisor or GDFM were to lose any members of their respective senior management teams, our ability to achieve our investment objectives could be significantly harmed.

Since we have no employees, we depend on the investment expertise, skill and network of business contacts of FB Advisor and GDFM. FB Advisor, with the assistance of GDFM, evaluates, negotiates, structures, executes, monitors and services our investments. Our future success depends to a significant extent on the continued service and coordination of FB Advisor and its senior management team. The departure of any members of FB Advisor’s senior management team could have a material adverse effect on our ability to achieve our investment objectives. Likewise, the departure of any key employees of GDFM may impact its ability to render services to us under the terms of its sub-advisory agreement with FB Advisor.

Our ability to achieve our investment objectives depends on FB Advisor’s ability, with the assistance of GDFM, to identify, analyze, invest in, finance and monitor companies that meet our investment criteria. FB Advisor’s capabilities in structuring the investment process, providing competent, attentive and efficient services to us, and facilitating access to financing on acceptable terms depend on the employment of investment professionals in an adequate number and of adequate sophistication to match the corresponding flow of transactions. To achieve our investment objectives, FB Advisor may need to hire, train, supervise and manage new investment professionals to participate in our investment selection and monitoring process. FB Advisor may not be able to find investment professionals in a timely manner or at all. Failure to support our investment process could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, both the investment advisory and administrative services agreement and the sub-advisory agreement that FB Advisor has entered into with GDFM have termination provisions that allow the parties to terminate the agreements without penalty. The investment advisory and administrative services agreement may be terminated at any time, without penalty, by FB Advisor, upon 120 days’ notice to us. The sub-advisory agreement may be terminated at any time, without the payment of any penalty, upon 60 days’ written notice by GDFM or, if our

 

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board of directors or the holders of a majority of our outstanding voting securities determine that the sub-advisory agreement with GDFM should be terminated, by FB Advisor. If either agreement is terminated, it may adversely affect the quality of our investment opportunities. In addition, in the event such agreements are terminated, it may be difficult for us to replace FB Advisor or for FB Advisor to replace GDFM. Furthermore, the termination of either of these agreements may adversely impact the terms of our debt financing. See “—Risks Related to Debt Financing.”

Because our business model depends to a significant extent upon relationships with private equity sponsors, investment banks, and commercial banks, the inability of FB Advisor and GDFM to maintain or develop these relationships, or the failure of these relationships to generate investment opportunities, could adversely affect our business.

We expect that FB Advisor and GDFM will depend on their relationships with private equity sponsors, investment banks and commercial banks, and we will rely to a significant extent upon these relationships to provide us with potential investment opportunities. If FB Advisor or GDFM fail to maintain their existing relationships or develop new relationships with other sponsors or sources of investment opportunities, we may not be able to grow our investment portfolio. In addition, individuals with whom FB Advisor and GDFM have relationships are not obligated to provide us with investment opportunities, and, therefore, there is no assurance that such relationships will generate investment opportunities for us.

We may face increasing competition for investment opportunities, which could delay deployment of our capital, reduce returns and result in losses.

We compete for investments with other BDCs and investment funds (including private equity funds, mezzanine funds and CLO funds), as well as traditional financial services companies such as commercial banks and other sources of funding. Moreover, alternative investment vehicles, such as hedge funds, have begun to invest in areas they have not traditionally invested in, including making investments in small- to mid-sized private, U.S. companies. As a result of these new entrants, competition for investment opportunities in small and middle market private U.S. companies may intensify. Many of our competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do. For example, some competitors may have a lower cost of capital and access to funding sources that are not available to us. In addition, some of our competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments than we have. These characteristics could allow our competitors to consider a wider variety of investments, establish more relationships and offer better pricing and more flexible structuring than we are able to do. We may lose investment opportunities if we do not match our competitors’ pricing, terms and structure. If we are forced to match our competitors’ pricing, terms and structure, we may not be able to achieve acceptable returns on our investments or may bear substantial risk of capital loss. A significant part of our competitive advantage stems from the fact that the market for investments in small and middle market private U.S. companies is underserved by traditional commercial banks and other financial sources. A significant increase in the number and/or the size of our competitors in this target market could force us to accept less attractive investment terms. Furthermore, many of our competitors have greater experience operating under, or are not subject to, the regulatory restrictions that the 1940 Act imposes on us as a BDC.

A significant portion of our investment portfolio is and will be recorded at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors and, as a result, there is and will be uncertainty as to the value of our portfolio investments.

Under the 1940 Act, we are required to carry our portfolio investments at market value or, if there is no readily available market value, at fair value, as determined by our board of directors. However, the majority of our investments are not publicly traded or actively traded on a secondary market but are, instead, traded on a privately negotiated over-the-counter secondary market for institutional investors. As a result, we value these securities quarterly at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors.

 

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Certain factors that may be considered in determining the fair value of our investments include dealer quotes for securities traded on the secondary market for institutional investors, the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company’s earnings and its ability to make payments on its indebtedness, the markets in which the portfolio company does business, comparison to comparable publicly-traded companies, discounted cash flow and other relevant factors. Because such valuations, and particularly valuations of private securities and private companies, are inherently uncertain, may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on estimates, our determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these securities existed. Due to this uncertainty, our fair value determinations may cause our net asset value on a given date to understate or overstate materially the value that we may ultimately realize upon the sale of one or more of our investments.

There is a risk that investors in our equity securities may not receive distributions or that our distributions may not grow over time.

We cannot assure stockholders that we will achieve investment results that will allow us to make a specified level of cash distributions or year-to-year increases in cash distributions. All distributions will be paid at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our earnings, our net investment income, our financial condition, maintenance of our RIC status, compliance with applicable BDC regulations and such other factors as our board of directors may deem relevant from time to time. In addition, due to the asset coverage test applicable to us as a BDC, we may be limited in our ability to make distributions. See “Item 1. Business—Regulation—Senior Securities.”

Our distribution proceeds have exceeded and in the future may exceed our net investment income, particularly during the period before we have substantially invested the net proceeds from our public offering. Therefore, portions of the distributions that we make may represent a return of capital to stockholders for tax purposes, which will lower such stockholders’ tax basis in their shares and reduce the amount of funds we have available for investment in targeted assets. We may pay distributions from offering proceeds, borrowings or the sale of assets to the extent our cash flow from operations, net investment income or earnings are not sufficient to fund declared distributions.

We may fund distributions from the uninvested proceeds of this offering and borrowings, and we have not established limits on the amount of funds we may use from net offering proceeds or borrowings to make any such distributions. We have paid and may continue to pay distributions from the sale of assets to the extent distributions exceed our net investment income or cash flows from operations. In the event that we encounter delays in locating suitable investment opportunities, we may pay all or a substantial portion of our distributions from the proceeds of our public offering or from borrowings in anticipation of future cash flow, which may constitute a return of stockholders’ capital and will lower such stockholders’ tax basis in their shares. Distributions from the proceeds of our public offering or from borrowings also could reduce the amount of capital we ultimately invest in our portfolio companies.

Our board of directors may change our operating policies and strategies without prior notice or stockholder approval, the effects of which may be adverse.

Our board of directors has the authority to modify or waive our current operating policies, investment criteria and strategies without prior notice and without stockholder approval. We cannot predict the effect any changes to our current operating policies, investment criteria and strategies would have on our business, net asset value, operating results and the value of our stock. However, the effects might be adverse, which could negatively impact our ability to pay stockholders distributions and cause them to lose all or part of their investment. Moreover, we will have significant flexibility in investing the net proceeds of our public offering of common stock and may use the net proceeds from such offering in ways with which investors may not agree or for purposes other than those contemplated in the prospectus relating to our public offering.

 

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If we internalize our management functions, a stockholder’s interest in us could be diluted, and we could incur other significant costs associated with being self-managed.

Our board of directors may decide in the future to internalize our management functions. If we do so, we may elect to negotiate to acquire FB Advisor’s assets and personnel. At this time, we cannot anticipate the form or amount of consideration or other terms relating to any such acquisition. Such consideration could take many forms, including cash payments, promissory notes and shares of our common stock. The payment of such consideration could result in dilution of a stockholder’s interest and could reduce the earnings per share attributable to such stockholder’s investment.

In addition, while we would no longer bear the costs of the various fees and expenses we expect to pay to FB Advisor under the existing investment advisory and administrative services agreement, we would incur the compensation and benefits costs of our officers and other employees and consultants that are now being paid by FB Advisor or its affiliates. In addition, we may issue equity awards to officers, employees and consultants. These awards would decrease net income and may further dilute a stockholder’s investment. We cannot reasonably estimate the amount of fees we would save or the costs we would incur if we became self-managed. If the expenses we assume as a result of an internalization are higher than the expenses we avoid paying to FB Advisor, our earnings per share would be lower as a result of the internalization than it otherwise would have been, potentially decreasing the amount of funds available to distribute to our stockholders and the value of our shares. As we are currently organized, we do not have any employees. If we elect to internalize our operations, we would employ personnel and would be subject to potential liabilities commonly faced by employers, such as workers disability and compensation claims and other employee-related liabilities and grievances.

If we internalize our management functions, we could have difficulty integrating these functions as a standalone entity. Currently, individuals employed by FB Advisor and its affiliates perform asset management and general and administrative functions, including accounting and financial reporting, for multiple entities. These personnel have a great deal of know-how and experience. We may fail to properly identify the appropriate mix of personnel and capital needs to operate as a standalone entity. An inability to manage an internalization transaction effectively could thus result in our incurring excess costs and/or suffering deficiencies in our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting. Such deficiencies could cause us to incur additional costs and our management’s attention could be diverted from effectively managing our investments.

Changes in laws or regulations governing our operations may adversely affect our business or cause us to alter our business strategy.

We and our portfolio companies are subject to regulation at the local, state and federal level. New legislation may be enacted or new interpretations, rulings or regulations could be adopted, including those governing the types of investments we are permitted to make, any of which could harm us and our stockholders, potentially with retroactive effect.

Additionally, any changes to the laws and regulations governing our operations relating to permitted investments may cause us to alter our investment strategy to avail ourselves of new or different opportunities. Such changes could result in material differences to our strategies and plans as set forth herein and may result in our investment focus shifting from the areas of expertise of FB Advisor and GDFM to other types of investments in which FB Advisor and GDFM may have less expertise or little or no experience. Thus, any such changes, if they occur, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and the value of a stockholder’s investment.

The impact of recent financial reform legislation on us is uncertain.

In light of recent conditions in the U.S. and global financial markets and the U.S. and global economy, legislators, the presidential administration and regulators have increased their focus on the regulation of the

 

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financial services industry. The recently enacted Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, or the Dodd-Frank Act, institutes a wide range of reforms that will have an impact on all financial institutions. Many of the requirements called for in the Dodd-Frank Act will be implemented over time, most of which will be subject to implementing regulations over the course of several years. Given the uncertainty associated with the manner in which the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act will be implemented by the various regulatory agencies and through regulations, the full impact such requirements will have on our business, results of operations or financial condition is unclear. The changes resulting from the Dodd-Frank Act may require us to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make necessary changes in order to comply with new statutory and regulatory requirements. Failure to comply with any such laws, regulations or principles, or changes thereto, may negatively impact our business, results of operations and financial condition. While we cannot predict what effect any changes in the laws or regulations or their interpretations would have on us as a result of the Dodd-Frank Act, these changes could be materially adverse to us and our stockholders.

As a public company, we are subject to regulations not applicable to private companies, such as provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Efforts to comply with such regulations will involve significant expenditures, and non-compliance with such regulations may adversely affect us.

We are subject to regulations not applicable to private companies, such as provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the related rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC. Our management is required to report on our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and rules and regulations of the SEC thereunder. We are required to review on an annual basis our internal control over financial reporting, and on a quarterly and annual basis to evaluate and disclose changes in our internal control over financial reporting. As a result, we expect to incur significant additional expenses, which may negatively impact our financial performance and our ability to make distributions. In the event that we are unable to maintain or achieve compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and related rules and regulations, we may be adversely affected.

We may experience fluctuations in our quarterly results.

We could experience fluctuations in our quarterly operating results due to a number of factors, including our ability or inability to make investments in companies that meet our investment criteria, the interest rate payable on the debt securities we acquire, the level of our expenses, variations in and the timing of the recognition of realized and unrealized gains or losses, the degree to which we encounter competition in our markets and general economic conditions. As a result of these factors, results for any previous period should not be relied upon as being indicative of performance in future periods.

Risks Related to FB Advisor and Its Affiliates

FB Advisor has limited experience managing a BDC or a RIC.

FB Advisor has limited experience managing a BDC or a RIC and may not be able to successfully operate our business or achieve our investment objectives. As a result, an investment in our shares of common stock may entail more risk than the shares of common stock of a comparable company with a substantial operating history.

The 1940 Act and the Code impose numerous constraints on the operations of BDCs and RICs that do not apply to the other types of investment vehicles previously managed by FB Advisor’s management team. For example, under the 1940 Act, BDCs are required to invest at least 70% of their total assets primarily in securities of qualifying U.S. private or thinly traded companies. Moreover, qualification for RIC tax treatment under Subchapter M of the Code requires satisfaction of source-of-income, diversification and other requirements. The failure to comply with these provisions in a timely manner could prevent us from qualifying as a BDC or RIC or could force us to pay unexpected taxes and penalties, which could be material. FB Advisor’s limited experience in managing a portfolio of assets under such constraints may hinder its ability to take advantage of attractive investment opportunities and, as a result, achieve our investment objectives.

 

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FB Advisor and its affiliates, including our officers and some of our directors, face conflicts of interest caused by compensation arrangements with us and our affiliates, which could result in actions that are not in the best interests of our stockholders.

FB Advisor and its affiliates receive substantial fees from us in return for their services, and these fees could influence the advice provided to us. Among other matters, the compensation arrangements could affect their judgment with respect to public offerings of equity by us, which allow the dealer manager to earn additional dealer manager fees and FB Advisor to earn increased asset management fees. In addition, the decision to utilize leverage has increased our assets and, as a result, has increased the amount of management fees payable to FB Advisor.

We may be obligated to pay FB Advisor incentive compensation even if we incur a net loss due to a decline in the value of our portfolio.

Our investment advisory and administrative services agreement entitles FB Advisor to receive incentive compensation on income regardless of any capital losses. In such case, we may be required to pay FB Advisor incentive compensation for a fiscal quarter even if there is a decline in the value of our portfolio or if we incur a net loss for that quarter.

Any incentive fee payable by us that relates to our net investment income may be computed and paid on income that may include interest that has been accrued but not yet received. If a portfolio company defaults on a loan that is structured to provide accrued interest, it is possible that accrued interest previously included in the calculation of the incentive fee will become uncollectible. FB Advisor is not under any obligation to reimburse us for any part of the incentive fee it received that was based on accrued income that we never received as a result of a default by an entity on the obligation that resulted in the accrual of such income, and such circumstances would result in our paying an incentive fee on income we never received.

For federal income tax purposes, we may be required to recognize taxable income (such as deferred interest that is accrued as original issue discount) in circumstances in which we do not receive a corresponding payment in cash and to make distributions with respect to such income to maintain our status as a RIC even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount. Under such circumstances, we may have difficulty meeting the Annual Distribution Requirement necessary to obtain and maintain RIC tax treatment under the Code. This difficulty in making the required distribution may be amplified to the extent that we are required to pay an incentive fee with respect to such accrued income for which we have not received a corresponding cash payment. As a result, we may have to sell some of our investments at times and/or at prices we would not consider advantageous, raise additional debt or equity capital or forgo new investment opportunities for this purpose. If we are not able to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and thus become subject to corporate-level income tax. For additional discussion regarding the tax implications of our RIC status, see “—Federal Income Tax Risks—We will be subject to corporate-level income tax if we are unable to qualify as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code or to satisfy RIC distribution requirements.”

There may be conflicts of interest related to obligations FB Advisor’s and GDFM’s senior management and investment teams have to our affiliates and to other clients.

The members of the senior management and investment teams of both FB Advisor and GDFM serve or may serve as officers, directors or principals of entities that operate in the same or a related line of business as we do, or of investment funds managed by the same personnel. For example, the officers, managers and other personnel of FB Advisor also serve in similar capacities for FS Investment Advisor, LLC and FSIC II Advisor, LLC, the investment advisers to FS Energy and Power Fund and FS Investment Corporation II, respectively. In serving in these multiple and other capacities, they may have obligations to other clients or investors in those entities, the fulfillment of which may not be in our best interests or in the best interest of our stockholders. Our investment objectives may overlap with the investment objectives of such investment funds, accounts or other investment vehicles. For example, we rely on FB Advisor to manage our day-to-day activities and to implement our

 

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investment strategy. FB Advisor and certain of its affiliates are presently, and plan in the future to continue to be, involved with activities which are unrelated to us. As a result of these activities, FB Advisor, its employees and certain of its affiliates will have conflicts of interest in allocating their time between us and other activities in which they are or may become involved, including the management of FS Investment Advisor, LLC, FS Energy and Power Fund, FSIC II Advisor, LLC and FS Investment Corporation II. FB Advisor and its employees will devote only as much of its or their time to our business as FB Advisor and its employees, in their judgment, determine is reasonably required, which may be substantially less than their full time.

Furthermore, GDFM, on which FB Advisor relies to assist it in identifying investment opportunities and making investment recommendations, has similar conflicts of interest. GDFM serves as investment sub-adviser to FS Investment Corporation II pursuant to an investment sub-advisory agreement between it and FSIC II Advisor, LLC, the investment adviser to FS Investment Corporation II. Furthermore, GDFM’s affiliate, GSO, serves as investment sub-adviser to FS Energy and Power Fund pursuant to an investment sub-advisory agreement between it and FS Investment Advisor, LLC, the investment adviser to FS Energy and Power Fund. GDFM, its affiliates and their respective members, partners, officers and employees will devote as much of their time to our activities as they deem necessary and appropriate. GDFM and its affiliates are not restricted from forming additional investment funds, from entering into other investment advisory relationships or from engaging in other business activities, even though such activities may be in competition with us and/or may involve substantial time and resources of GDFM. Also, in connection with such business activities, GDFM and its affiliates may have existing business relationships or access to material, non-public information that may prevent it from recommending investment opportunities that would otherwise fit within our investment objectives. All of these factors could be viewed as creating a conflict of interest in that the time, effort and ability of the members of GDFM, its affiliates and their officers and employees will not be devoted exclusively to our business but will be allocated between us and the management of the monies of other advisees of GDFM and its affiliates.

The time and resources that individuals employed by FB Advisor and GDFM devote to us may be diverted and we may face additional competition due to the fact that individuals employed by FB Advisor and GDFM are not prohibited from raising money for or managing another entity that makes the same types of investments that we target.

Neither FB Advisor nor GDFM, or individuals employed by FB Advisor and GDFM, are prohibited from raising money for and managing another investment entity that makes the same types of investments as those we target. As a result, the time and resources that these individuals may devote to us may be diverted. In addition, we may compete with any such investment entity for the same investors and investment opportunities. If we are able to obtain exemptive relief from the SEC, we also intend to co-invest with any such investment entity to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act, or the rules and regulations thereunder. There is no assurance that we will obtain such relief. In the event the SEC does not grant us relief, we could be limited in our ability to invest in certain portfolio companies in which GDFM, GSO or any of their or our affiliates, including FS Investment Advisor, LLC, FS Energy and Power Fund, FSIC II Advisor, LLC and FS Investment Corporation II, are investing or are invested. Even if we are able to receive exemptive relief, we will be unable to participate in certain transactions originated by GSO or its affiliates prior to receipt of such relief. Affiliates of GDFM, whose primary business include the origination of investments, engage in investment advisory business with accounts that compete with us. Affiliates of GDFM have no obligation to make their originated investment opportunities available to GDFM or to us.

Our incentive fee may induce FB Advisor to make, and GDFM to recommend, speculative investments.

The incentive fee payable by us to FB Advisor may create an incentive for it to make investments on our behalf that are risky or more speculative than would be the case in the absence of such compensation arrangement. The way in which the incentive fee payable to FB Advisor is determined may encourage it to use leverage to increase the return on our investments. In addition, the fact that our base management fee is payable based upon our gross assets, which would include any borrowings for investment purposes, may encourage FB

 

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Advisor to use leverage to make additional investments. Under certain circumstances, the use of leverage may increase the likelihood of default, which would disfavor holders of our common stock. Such a practice could result in our investing in more speculative securities than would otherwise be in our best interests, which could result in higher investment losses, particularly during cyclical economic downturns. In addition, since GDFM will receive a portion of the advisory fees paid to FB Advisor, GDFM may have an incentive to recommend investments that are riskier or more speculative.

Risks Related to Business Development Companies

The requirement that we invest a sufficient portion of our assets in qualifying assets could preclude us from investing in accordance with our current business strategy; conversely, the failure to invest a sufficient portion of our assets in qualifying assets could result in our failure to maintain our status as a BDC.

As a BDC, we may not acquire any assets other than “qualifying assets” unless, at the time of such acquisition, at least 70% of our total assets are qualifying assets. See “Item 1. Business—Regulation.” Therefore, we may be precluded from investing in what we believe are attractive investments if such investments are not qualifying assets. Conversely, if we fail to invest a sufficient portion of our assets in qualifying assets, we could lose our status as a BDC, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Similarly, these rules could prevent us from making additional investments in existing portfolio companies, which could result in the dilution of our position, or could require us to dispose of investments at an inopportune time to comply with the 1940 Act. If we were forced to sell non-qualifying investments in the portfolio for compliance purposes, the proceeds from such sale could be significantly less than the current value of such investments.

Failure to maintain our status as a BDC would reduce our operating flexibility.

If we do not remain a BDC, we might be regulated as a closed-end investment company under the 1940 Act, which would subject us to substantially more regulatory restrictions under the 1940 Act and correspondingly decrease our operating flexibility.

Regulations governing our operation as a BDC and RIC will affect our ability to raise, and the way in which we raise, additional capital or borrow for investment purposes, which may have a negative effect on our growth.

As a result of the Annual Distribution Requirement to qualify as a RIC, we may need to periodically access the capital markets to raise cash to fund new investments. We may issue “senior securities,” as defined in the 1940 Act, including borrowing money from banks or other financial institutions only in amounts such that our asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, equals at least 200% after such incurrence or issuance. Our ability to issue different types of securities is also limited. Compliance with these requirements may unfavorably limit our investment opportunities and reduce our ability in comparison to other companies to profit from favorable spreads between the rates at which we can borrow and the rates at which we can lend. As a BDC, therefore, we intend to issue equity continuously at a rate more frequent than our privately owned competitors, which may lead to greater stockholder dilution.

We expect to borrow for investment purposes. If the value of our assets declines, we may be unable to satisfy the asset coverage test, which would prohibit us from paying distributions and could prevent us from qualifying as a RIC. If we cannot satisfy the asset coverage test, we may be required to sell a portion of our investments and, depending on the nature of our debt financing, repay a portion of our indebtedness at a time when such sales may be disadvantageous.

Under the 1940 Act, we generally are prohibited from issuing or selling our common stock at a price below net asset value per share, which may be a disadvantage as compared with other public companies. We may, however, sell our common stock, or warrants, options or rights to acquire our common stock, at a price below the

 

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current net asset value of the common stock if our board of directors and independent directors determine that such sale is in our best interests and the best interests of our stockholders, and our stockholders as well as those stockholders that are not affiliated with us approve such sale.

Our ability to enter into transactions with our affiliates is restricted.

We are prohibited under the 1940 Act from participating in certain transactions with certain of our affiliates without the prior approval of a majority of the independent members of our board of directors and, in some cases, the SEC. Any person that owns, directly or indirectly, 5% or more of our outstanding voting securities is our affiliate for purposes of the 1940 Act and we will generally be prohibited from buying or selling any securities from or to such affiliate, absent the prior approval of our board of directors. The 1940 Act also prohibits certain “joint” transactions with certain of our affiliates, which could include investments in the same portfolio company (whether at the same or different times), without prior approval of our board of directors and, in some cases, the SEC. If a person acquires more than 25% of our voting securities, we will be prohibited from buying or selling any security from or to such person or certain of that person’s affiliates, or entering into prohibited joint transactions with such persons, absent the prior approval of the SEC. Similar restrictions limit our ability to transact business with our officers or directors or their affiliates. As a result of these restrictions, we may be prohibited from buying or selling any security from or to any portfolio company of a private equity fund managed by FB Advisor without the prior approval of the SEC, which may limit the scope of investment opportunities that would otherwise be available to us.

We are uncertain of our sources for funding our future capital needs; if we cannot obtain debt or equity financing on acceptable terms, our ability to acquire investments and to expand our operations will be adversely affected.

The net proceeds from the sale of shares will be used for our investment opportunities, operating expenses and for payment of various fees and expenses such as base management fees, incentive fees and other fees. Any working capital reserves we maintain may not be sufficient for investment purposes, and we may require debt or equity financing to operate. Accordingly, in the event that we develop a need for additional capital in the future for investments or for any other reason, these sources of funding may not be available to us. Consequently, if we cannot obtain debt or equity financing on acceptable terms, our ability to acquire investments and to expand our operations will be adversely affected. As a result, we would be less able to achieve portfolio diversification and our investment objectives, which may negatively impact our results of operations and reduce our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

Risks Related to Our Investments

Our investments in prospective portfolio companies may be risky, and we could lose all or part of our investment.

We invest primarily in senior secured loans, second lien secured loans and, to a lesser extent, subordinated debt and selected equity investments issued by private U.S. companies, including small and middle market companies.

Senior Secured Loans and Second Lien Secured Loans. When we invest in senior secured term loans and second lien secured loans, we will generally take a security interest in the available assets of these portfolio companies, including the equity interests of their subsidiaries. We expect such security interests to help mitigate the risk that we will not be repaid. However, there is a risk that the collateral securing our loans may decrease in value over time or lose its entire value, may be difficult to sell in a timely manner, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value based upon the success of the business and market conditions, including as a result of the inability of the portfolio company to raise additional capital. Also, in some circumstances, our security interest is contractually or structurally subordinated to claims of other creditors. In addition, deterioration in a portfolio company’s financial condition and prospects, including its inability to raise additional capital, may be

 

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accompanied by deterioration in the value of the collateral for the loan. Consequently, the fact that a loan is secured does not guarantee that we will receive principal and interest payments according to the loan’s terms, or at all, or that we will be able to collect on the loan should we be forced to enforce our remedies.

Subordinated Debt. Our subordinated debt investments will generally be ranked junior in priority of payment to senior loans and will generally be unsecured. This may result in a heightened level of risk and volatility or a loss of principal, which could lead to the loss of the entire investment. These investments may involve additional risks that could adversely affect our investment returns. To the extent interest payments associated with such debt are deferred, such debt may be subject to greater fluctuations in valuations, and such debt could subject us and our stockholders to non-cash income. Since we will not receive any principal repayments prior to the maturity of some of our subordinated debt investments, such investments will be of greater risk than amortizing loans.

Equity Investments. We expect to make selected equity investments. In addition, when we invest in senior secured and second lien secured loans or subordinated debt, we may acquire warrants to purchase equity securities. Our goal is ultimately to dispose of these equity interests and realize gains upon our disposition of such interests. However, the equity interests we receive may not appreciate in value and, in fact, may decline in value. Accordingly, we may not be able to realize gains from our equity interests, and any gains that we do realize on the disposition of any equity interests may not be sufficient to offset any other losses we experience.

In addition, investing in small and middle market companies involves a number of significant risks, including that they:

 

   

may have limited financial resources and may be unable to meet their obligations under their debt securities that we hold, which may be accompanied by a deterioration in the value of any collateral and a reduction in the likelihood of us realizing any guarantees we may have obtained in connection with our investment;

 

   

have shorter operating histories, narrower product lines and smaller market shares than larger businesses, which tends to render them more vulnerable to competitors’ actions and changing market conditions, as well as general economic downturns;

 

   

are more likely to depend on the management talents and efforts of a small group of persons; therefore, the death, disability, resignation or termination of one or more of these persons could have a material adverse impact on our portfolio company and, in turn, on us;

 

   

generally have less predictable operating results, may from time to time be parties to litigation, may be engaged in rapidly changing businesses with products subject to a substantial risk of obsolescence, and may require substantial additional capital to support their operations, finance expansion or maintain their competitive position. In addition, our executive officers, directors and members of FB Advisor may, in the ordinary course of business, be named as defendants in litigation arising from our investments in the portfolio companies; and

 

   

may have difficulty accessing the capital markets to meet future capital needs, which may limit their ability to grow or to repay their outstanding indebtedness upon maturity.

Our portfolio companies may incur debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, our investments in such companies.

We invest primarily in first lien, second lien and, to a lesser extent, subordinated debt issued by private U.S. companies, including small and middle market private U.S. companies. Our portfolio companies may have, or may be permitted to incur, other debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, the debt in which we invest. By their terms, such debt instruments may entitle the holders to receive payment of interest or principal on or before the dates on which we are entitled to receive payments with respect to the debt instruments in which we invest. Also, in the event of insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of a portfolio company, holders

 

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of debt instruments ranking senior to our investment in that portfolio company would typically be entitled to receive payment in full before we receive any distribution. After repaying such senior creditors, such portfolio company may not have any remaining assets to use for repaying its obligation to us. In the case of debt ranking equally with debt instruments in which we invest, we would have to share on an equal basis any distributions with other creditors holding such debt in the event of an insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of the relevant portfolio company.

There may be circumstances where our debt investments could be subordinated to claims of other creditors or we could be subject to lender liability claims.

If one of our portfolio companies were to go bankrupt, depending on the facts and circumstances, including the extent to which we actually provided managerial assistance to that portfolio company, a bankruptcy court might recharacterize our debt investment and subordinate all or a portion of our claim to that of other creditors. In situations where a bankruptcy carries a high degree of political significance, our legal rights may be subordinated to other creditors. We may also be subject to lender liability claims for actions taken by us with respect to a borrower’s business or instances where we exercise control over the borrower.

We generally will not control our portfolio companies.

We do not expect to control most of our portfolio companies, even though we may have board representation or board observation rights, and our debt agreements with such portfolio companies may contain certain restrictive covenants. As a result, we are subject to the risk that a portfolio company in which we invest may make business decisions with which we disagree and the management of such company, as representatives of the holders of their common equity, may take risks or otherwise act in ways that do not serve our interests as debt investors. Due to the lack of liquidity for our investments in non-traded companies, we may not be able to dispose of our interests in our portfolio companies as readily as we would like or at an appropriate valuation. As a result, a portfolio company may make decisions that could decrease the value of our portfolio holdings.

We will be exposed to risks associated with changes in interest rates.

We are subject to financial market risks, including changes in interest rates. While the majority of our investments are floating-rate debt instruments, to the extent that we invest in fixed-rate securities or loans, general interest rate fluctuations may have a substantial negative impact on our investments and investment opportunities and, accordingly, have a material adverse effect on our investment objectives and our rate of return on invested capital. In addition, an increase in interest rates would make it more expensive to use debt for our financing needs, if any.

We may enter into total return swap agreements or other derivative transactions which expose us to certain risks, including market risk, liquidity risk and other risks similar to those associated with the use of leverage.

Our wholly-owned financing subsidiary, Arch Street, has entered into a TRS with Citibank. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources” for a more detailed discussion of the terms of the TRS between Arch Street and Citibank.

A TRS is a contract in which one party agrees to make periodic payments to another party based on the change in the market value of the assets underlying the TRS, which may include a specified security, basket of securities or securities indices during the specified period, in return for periodic payments based on a fixed or variable interest rate. A TRS is typically used to obtain exposure to a security or market without owning or taking physical custody of such security or investing directly in such market. A TRS effectively adds leverage to our portfolio because, in addition to our total net assets, we are subject to investment exposure on the amount of securities subject to the TRS.

 

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The TRS is subject to market risk, liquidity risk and risk of imperfect correlation between the value of the TRS and the loans underlying the TRS. In addition, we may incur certain costs in connection with the TRS that could in the aggregate be significant.

A TRS is also subject to the risk that a counterparty will default on its payment obligations thereunder or that we will not be able to meet our obligations to the counterparty. In the case of the TRS with Citibank, Arch Street is required to post cash collateral amounts to secure its obligations to Citibank under the TRS. Citibank, however, is not required to collateralize any of its obligations to Arch Street under the TRS. Arch Street bears the risk of depreciation with respect to the value of the loans underlying the TRS and is required under the terms of the TRS to post additional collateral on a dollar-for-dollar basis in the event the value of the loans underlying the TRS depreciate more than the amount of any cash collateral previously posted by Arch Street. Arch Street’s maximum liability under the TRS is the amount of any decline in the aggregate value of the loans subject to the TRS, less the amount of the cash collateral previously posted by Arch Street. Therefore, the absolute risk of loss with respect to the TRS is the notional amount of the TRS.

In addition to customary events of default and termination events, the agreements governing the TRS with Citibank contain the following termination events: (a) a failure to satisfy the portfolio criteria for at least 30 days; (b) a failure to post initial cash collateral or additional collateral as required by the agreements; (c) a default by Arch Street or us with respect to indebtedness in an amount equal to or greater than the lesser of $10.0 million and 2% of our net asset value at such time; (d) a merger of Arch Street or us meeting certain criteria; (e) either us or Arch Street amending its constituent documents to alter our investment strategy in a manner that has or could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect; and (f) our ceasing to be the investment manager of Arch Street or having authority to enter into transactions under the TRS on behalf of Arch Street, and not being replaced by an entity reasonably acceptable to Citibank.

In addition to the rights of Citibank to terminate the TRS following an event of default or termination event as described above, Citibank may terminate the TRS on or after the second anniversary of the effectiveness of the TRS. Arch Street may terminate the TRS at any time upon providing no more than 30 days, and no less than 10 days, prior notice to Citibank. Any termination prior to the second anniversary of the effectiveness of the TRS will result in payment of an early termination fee to Citibank. In the event of an early termination of the TRS, Arch Street would be required to pay an early termination fee based on the maximum notional amount of the TRS. Under the terms of the TRS, the early termination fee will equal the present value of a stream of monthly payments which would be owed by Arch Street to Citibank for the period from the termination date through and including March 18, 2013. Such monthly payments will equal the product of (x) 90%, multiplied by (y) the aggregate notional amount of the TRS ($515,000), multiplied by (z) 1.27% per annum. If the TRS had been terminated as of March 20, 2012, Arch Street would have been required to pay an early termination fee of approximately $4,500.

Upon any termination of the TRS, Arch Street will be required to pay Citibank the amount of any decline in the aggregate value of the loans subject to the TRS or, alternatively, will be entitled to receive the amount of any appreciation in the aggregate value of such loans. In the event that Citibank chooses to exercise its termination rights, it is possible that Arch Street will owe more to Citibank or, alternatively, will be entitled to receive less from Citibank than it would have if Arch Street controlled the timing of such termination due to the existence of adverse market conditions at the time of such termination.

In addition, because a TRS is a form of synthetic leverage, such arrangements are subject to risks similar to those associated with the use of leverage. See “—Risks Related to Debt Financing” below.

Second priority liens on collateral securing loans that we will make to our portfolio companies may be subject to control by senior creditors with first priority liens. If there is a default, the value of the collateral may not be sufficient to repay in full both the first priority creditors and us.

Certain loans that we make to portfolio companies may be secured on a second priority basis by the same collateral securing first priority debt of such companies. The first priority liens on the collateral will secure the

 

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portfolio company’s obligations under any outstanding senior debt and may secure certain other future debt that may be permitted to be incurred by the company under the agreements governing the loans. The holders of obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral will generally control the liquidation of and be entitled to receive proceeds from any realization of the collateral to repay their obligations in full before us. In addition, the value of the collateral in the event of liquidation will depend on market and economic conditions, the availability of buyers and other factors. There can be no assurance that the proceeds, if any, from the sale or sales of all of the collateral would be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens after payment in full of all obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral. If such proceeds are not sufficient to repay amounts outstanding under the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens, then we, to the extent not repaid from the proceeds of the sale of the collateral, will only have an unsecured claim against the company’s remaining assets, if any.

The rights we may have with respect to the collateral securing the loans we make to our portfolio companies with senior debt outstanding may also be limited pursuant to the terms of one or more intercreditor agreements that we enter into with the holders of senior debt. Under such an intercreditor agreement, at any time that obligations that have the benefit of the first priority liens are outstanding, any of the following actions that may be taken in respect of the collateral will be at the direction of the holders of the obligations secured by the first priority liens: the ability to cause the commencement of enforcement proceedings against the collateral; the ability to control the conduct of such proceedings; the approval of amendments to collateral documents; releases of liens on the collateral; and waivers of past defaults under collateral documents. We may not have the ability to control or direct such actions, even if our rights are adversely affected.

Economic recessions or downturns could impair our portfolio companies and harm our operating results.

Many of our portfolio companies may be susceptible to economic slowdowns or recessions and may be unable to repay our debt investments during these periods. Therefore, our non-performing assets are likely to increase, and the value of our portfolio is likely to decrease during these periods. Adverse economic conditions may also decrease the value of any collateral securing our first or second lien secured loans. A prolonged recession may further decrease the value of such collateral and result in losses of value in our portfolio and a decrease in our revenues, net income, assets and net worth. Unfavorable economic conditions also could increase our funding costs, limit our access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to us on terms we deem acceptable. These events could prevent us from increasing investments and harm our operating results.

A covenant breach by our portfolio companies may harm our operating results.

A portfolio company’s failure to satisfy financial or operating covenants imposed by us or other lenders could lead to defaults and, potentially, termination of its loans and foreclosure on its secured assets, which could trigger cross-defaults under other agreements and jeopardize a portfolio company’s ability to meet its obligations under the debt or equity securities that we hold. We may incur expenses to the extent necessary to seek recovery upon default or to negotiate new terms, which may include the waiver of certain financial covenants, with a defaulting portfolio company.

We may not realize gains from our equity investments.

Certain investments that we may make could include warrants or other equity securities. In addition, we may make direct equity investments in companies. Our goal is ultimately to realize gains upon our disposition of such equity interests. However, the equity interests we receive may not appreciate in value and, in fact, may decline in value. Accordingly, we may not be able to realize gains from our equity interests and any gains that we do realize on the disposition of any equity interests may not be sufficient to offset any other losses we experience. We also may be unable to realize any value if a portfolio company does not have a liquidity event, such as a sale of the business, recapitalization or public offering, which would allow us to sell the underlying

 

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equity interests. We intend to seek puts or similar rights to give us the right to sell our equity securities back to the portfolio company issuer. We may be unable to exercise these put rights for the consideration provided in our investment documents if the issuer is in financial distress.

An investment strategy focused primarily on privately held companies presents certain challenges, including the lack of available information about these companies.

Our investments are primarily in privately held companies. Investments in private companies pose certain incremental risks as compared to investments in public companies. First, private companies have reduced access to the capital markets, resulting in diminished capital resources and the ability to withstand financial distress. Second, the investments themselves tend to be less liquid. As such, we may have difficulty exiting an investment promptly or at a desired price prior to maturity or outside of a normal amortization schedule. As a result, the relative lack of liquidity and the potential diminished capital resources of our target portfolio companies may affect our investment returns. Finally, little public information generally exists about private companies. Further, these companies may not have third-party debt ratings or audited financial statements. We must therefore rely on the ability of FB Advisor and/or GDFM to obtain adequate information through due diligence to evaluate the creditworthiness and potential returns from investing in these companies. These companies and their financial information will generally not be subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and other rules and regulations that govern public companies. If we are unable to uncover all material information about these companies, we may not make a fully informed investment decision, and we may lose money on our investments.

A lack of liquidity in certain of our investments may adversely affect our business.

We invest in certain companies whose securities are not publicly traded or actively traded on the secondary market and are, instead, traded on a privately negotiated over-the-counter secondary market for institutional investors and whose securities are subject to legal and other restrictions on resale or are otherwise less liquid than publicly traded securities. The illiquidity of certain of our investments may make it difficult for us to sell these investments when desired. In addition, if we are required to liquidate all or a portion of our portfolio quickly, we may realize significantly less than the value at which we had previously recorded these investments. The reduced liquidity of our investments may make it difficult for us to dispose of them at a favorable price, and, as a result, we may suffer losses.

We may not have the funds or ability to make additional investments in our portfolio companies.

We may not have the funds or ability to make additional investments in our portfolio companies. After our initial investment in a portfolio company, we may be called upon from time to time to provide additional funds to such company or have the opportunity to increase our investment through the exercise of a warrant to purchase common stock. There is no assurance that we will make, or will have sufficient funds to make, follow-on investments. Any decisions not to make a follow-on investment or any inability on our part to make such an investment may have a negative impact on a portfolio company in need of such an investment, may result in a missed opportunity for us to increase our participation in a successful operation or may reduce the expected return on the investment.

Risks Related to Debt Financing

The agreements governing Broad Street’s revolving credit facility contain various covenants which, if not complied with, could accelerate repayment under the credit facility, thereby materially and adversely affecting our liquidity, financial condition, results of operations and our ability to pay distributions to our stockholders.

Our wholly-owned subsidiary, Broad Street, has entered into the credit facility with Deutsche Bank. The agreements governing the credit facility contain default provisions such as: (a) the failure to make principal payments when due or interest payments within three business days of when due; (b) borrowings under the credit facility exceeding the applicable advance rates; (c) the purchase by Broad Street of certain ineligible assets;

 

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(d) the insolvency or bankruptcy of us or Broad Street; (e) our ceasing to act as investment manager of Broad Street’s assets; (f) the decline of our net asset value below $50,000; and (g) fraud or other illicit acts by us, FB Advisor or GDFM in our or its investment advisory capacities. An event of default under the credit facility would result, among other things, in the termination of the availability of further funds under the credit facility and an accelerated maturity date for all amounts outstanding under the credit facility. This could disrupt our business, reduce our revenues and, by delaying any dividends allowed to us under the credit facility until the lender has been paid in full, reduce our liquidity and cash flow and impair our ability to grow our business, make distribution payments to our stockholders and maintain our status as a RIC.

The agreements governing the credit facility also require Broad Street to comply with certain operational covenants. These covenants require Broad Street to, among other things, maintain eligible assets with an aggregate value equal to or exceeding a specified multiple of the borrowings under the credit facility. The occurrence of certain “Super-Collateralization Events” results in an increase of the minimum aggregate value of eligible assets that Broad Street is required to maintain. Super-Collateralization Events include, without limitation, (i) certain key employees ceasing to be directors, principals, officers or investment managers of GDFM; (ii) the bankruptcy or insolvency of GDFM or FB Advisor; (iii) GDFM ceasing to act as our sub-adviser or FB Advisor ceasing to act as our investment adviser; (iv) our ceasing to act as Broad Street’s investment manager, becoming bankrupt or insolvent, defaulting in certain material agreements or failing to maintain a net asset value at least equal to $50,000; and (v) us, GDFM or FB Advisor committing fraud or other illicit acts in our or their investment advisory capacities. A decline in the value of assets owned by Broad Street or the occurrence of a Super-Collateralization Event under the credit facility could result in us being required to contribute additional assets to Broad Street, which would likely disrupt our business and impact our ability to meet our investment objectives and pay distributions to our stockholders.

The failure to meet collateral requirements under the credit facility or the occurrence of any other event of default which results in the termination of the credit facility may force Broad Street or us to liquidate positions at a time and/or at a price which is disadvantageous to us and could result in losses. In addition, upon the occurrence of an event of default under the credit facility, Deutsche Bank would have the right to the assets pledged as collateral supporting the amounts outstanding under the credit facility and could sell such assets in order to satisfy amounts due under the credit facility.

Each borrowing under the credit facility is subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions. We cannot assure stockholders that Broad Street will be able to borrow funds under the credit facility at any particular time or at all. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources” for a more detailed discussion of the terms of the credit facility.

We are subject to risks associated with our debt securitization facility.

We have entered into a debt financing arrangement with JPM through two wholly-owned subsidiaries, pursuant to which up to $400,000 will be made available to us to fund investments in new securities and for other general corporate purposes. The financing transaction with JPM is structured as a debt securitization. We use the term “debt securitization” in this annual report on Form 10-K to describe a form of secured borrowing under which an operating company, sometimes referred to as an originator, acquires or originates loans or other assets that earn income, whether on a one-time or recurring basis (collectively referred to herein as income producing assets), and borrows money on a non-recourse basis against a legally separate pool of income producing assets. In a typical debt securitization, the originator transfers the income producing assets to a special-purpose, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary, also referred to as a special purpose entity, which is established solely for the purpose of holding income producing assets and issuing debt secured by these income producing assets. The special purpose entity completes the borrowing through the issuance of notes secured by the income producing assets.

 

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Pursuant to the financing transaction, loans in our portfolio having an aggregate market value of up to $800,000 may be sold by us from time to time to Locust Street pursuant to the Asset Transfer Agreement. Loans purchased by Locust Street will secure the obligations of Locust Street under the Class A Notes to be issued by Locust Street from time to time to Race Street pursuant to the Indenture. The Class A Notes may be issued in an aggregate principal amount of up to $560,000 and mature on July 15, 2021. Race Street will purchase the issued Class A Notes from time to time at a purchase price equal to their par value.

Race Street, in turn, has entered into a repurchase transaction with JPM, pursuant to the terms of the JPM Facility. Pursuant to the JPM Facility, JPM has agreed to purchase from time to time Class A Notes held by Race Street for an aggregate purchase price equal to approximately 71% of the principal amount of Class A Notes purchased. Subject to certain conditions, the maximum principal amount of Class A Notes that may be purchased under the JPM Facility is $560,000. Accordingly, the maximum amount payable at any time to Race Street under the JPM Facility will not exceed $400,000.

See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources” for a more detailed discussion of the terms of this debt securitization facility.

As a result of this debt securitization facility, we are subject to certain risks, including those set forth below.

Our equity investment in Locust Street is subordinated to the debt obligations of Locust Street.

Under the Asset Transfer Agreement, as of December 31, 2011, we had sold loans to Locust Street for a purchase price of approximately $365,396, all of which consisted of equity interests in Locust Street that Locust Street issued to us. Any dividends or other payments in respect of our equity interest in Locust Street are subordinated in priority of payment to the Class A Notes. In addition, Locust Street is subject to certain payment restrictions in respect of its equity interests set forth in the Indenture.

We will receive cash distributions based on our investment in Locust Street only if Locust Street has made all required cash interest payments on the Class A Notes. We cannot assure stockholders that distributions on the assets held by Locust Street will be sufficient to make any distributions to us or that the yield on our investment in Locust Street will meet our expectations.

Our equity investment in Locust Street is unsecured and ranks behind all of the creditors, known or unknown, of Locust Street, including the holders of the Class A Notes. Consequently, if the value of Locust Street’s portfolio of loan investments decreases as a result of conditions in the credit markets, defaulted loans, capital gains and losses on the underlying assets or prepayment or changes in interest rates generally, the value of our equity investment in Locust Street could be reduced. Accordingly, our investment in Locust Street may not produce a profit and may be subject to a loss in an amount up to the entire amount of such equity investment.

In addition, if the value of Locust Street’s portfolio of loan investments decreases and Locust Street is unable to make any required payments to Race Street pursuant to the terms of the Class A Notes, Race Street may, in turn, be unable to make any required payments to JPM on the Class A Notes purchased by JPM pursuant to the terms of the JPM Facility. In such event, we may be required to loan or otherwise provide additional funds to Race Street to cover Race Street’s payment obligations to JPM, or otherwise be subject to a loss in an amount up to the entire amount of our equity investment in Race Street.

Our equity investment in Locust Street has a high degree of leverage.

The market value of our equity investment in Locust Street may be significantly affected by a variety of factors, including changes in the market value of the investments held by Locust Street, changes in distributions on the investments held by Locust Street, defaults and recoveries on those investments, capital gains and losses on those investments, prepayments on those investments and other risks associated with those investments. Our

 

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investment in Locust Street may not produce a profit and may be subject to a loss in an amount up to the entire amount of such equity investment. The leveraged nature of our equity investment may magnify the adverse impact of any loss on our equity investment.

The interests of JPM, as the holder of the Class A Notes, may not be aligned with our interests, and we will not have control over remedies in respect of the Class A Notes.

The Class A Notes rank senior in right of payment to any equity securities issued by Locust Street. As a result, there are circumstances in which the interests of JPM, as the holder of the Class A Notes, may not be aligned with our interests. For example, under the terms of the Class A Notes, JPM has the right to receive payments of principal and interest prior to Locust Street making any distributions or dividends to holders of its equity securities.

For as long as the Class A Notes remain outstanding, JPM has the right to act in certain circumstances with respect to the portfolio of loans that secure the obligations of Locust Street under the Class A Notes in ways that may benefit their interests but not ours, including by exercising remedies or directing the Indenture trustee to declare events of default under or accelerate the Class A Notes in accordance with the terms of the Indenture. JPM has no obligation to consider any possible adverse effect that actions taken may have on our equity interests. For example, upon the occurrence of an event of default with respect to the Class A Notes, the trustee, which is currently Citibank, may declare the outstanding principal amount of all of the Class A Notes, together with any accrued interest thereon, to be immediately due and payable. This would have the effect of accelerating the outstanding principal amount of the Class A Notes and triggering a repayment obligation on the part of Locust Street. Locust Street may not have proceeds sufficient to make required payments on the Class A Notes and make any distributions to us. Any failure of Locust Street to make distributions on the equity interests we hold could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, and may result in our inability to make distributions to our stockholders in amounts sufficient to maintain our qualification as a RIC, or at all.

Locust Street may fail to meet certain asset coverage tests, which would have an adverse effect on the timing of payments to us.

Under the Indenture, there are two coverage tests applicable to the collateral securing the Class A Notes. The first such test compares the amount of interest received on the portfolio of loans held by Locust Street to the amount of interest payable in respect of the Class A Notes. To meet this test, the aggregate amount of interest received on the portfolio of loans held by Locust Street must equal at least 150% of the interest payable in respect of the Class A Notes. The second test compares the aggregate principal amount of the portfolio of loans held by Locust Street to the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Class A Notes. To meet this test, the aggregate principal amount of the portfolio of loans held by Locust Street must equal at least 135% of the aggregate outstanding principal amount of the Class A Notes. If the coverage tests are not satisfied on any date on which compliance is measured, Locust Street is required to apply available amounts to the repayment of the outstanding principal of the Class A Notes to satisfy the applicable coverage tests.

In addition, if at any time during the term of the JPM Facility the market value of the underlying loans held by Locust Street securing the Class A Notes declines by an amount greater than the Margin Threshold, Race Street will be required to post cash collateral with JPM in an amount at least equal to the amount by which the market value of such loans at such time is less than the Margin Threshold. In such event, in order to satisfy these margin-posting requirements, Race Street intends to borrow funds from us pursuant to the Revolving Credit Agreement. We may, in our sole discretion, make such loans from time to time to Race Street pursuant to the terms of the Revolving Credit Agreement. Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Agreement will accrue interest at a rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus a spread of 0.75% per annum. To the extent we loan additional funds to Race Street to satisfy the Margin Threshold, such event could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, and may result in our inability to make

 

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distributions to our stockholders in amounts sufficient to maintain our qualification as a RIC, or at all. There is no assurance that loans made pursuant to the Revolving Credit Agreement will be repaid.

Restructurings of investments held by Locust Street, if any, may decrease their value and reduce the value of our equity interest in Locust Street.

As collateral manager, we have broad authority to direct and supervise the investment and reinvestment of the investments held by Locust Street, which may require from time to time the execution of amendments, waivers, modifications and other changes to the investment documentation in accordance with the related collateral management agreement we have entered into with Locust Street. During periods of economic uncertainty and recession, the necessity for amendments, waivers, modifications and restructurings of investments may increase. Such amendments, waivers, modifications and other restructurings may change the terms of the investments and, in some cases, may result in Locust Street holding assets that do not meet certain specified criteria for the investments made by it. This could adversely impact the coverage tests under the Indenture. Any amendment, waiver, modification or other restructuring that reduces Locust Street’s compliance with the coverage tests under the Indenture will make it more likely that Locust Street will need to pay cash to reduce the unpaid principal amount of the Class A Notes so as to cure any breach of such tests. Any such use of cash would reduce distributions available to us or delay the timing of distributions to us.

We may not receive cash from Locust Street.

We receive cash from Locust Street only to the extent that Locust Street makes distributions to us. Locust Street may make distributions to us, in turn, only to the extent permitted by the Indenture. The Indenture generally provides that distributions by Locust Street may not be made unless all amounts owing with respect to the Class A Notes have been paid in full. If we do not receive cash from Locust Street, we may be unable to make distributions to our stockholders in amounts sufficient to maintain our qualification as a RIC, or at all. We also could be forced to sell investments in our portfolio at less than their fair value in order to continue making such distributions.

We are subject to the credit risk of JPM.

If JPM fails to sell the Class A Notes back to Race Street at the end of the applicable period, Race Street’s recourse will be limited to an unsecured claim against JPM for the difference between the value of such Class A Notes at such time and the amount that would be owing by Race Street to JPM had JPM performed under the JPM Facility. The ability of JPM to satisfy such a claim will be subject to JPM’s creditworthiness at that time.

If we borrow money, the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested in us will be magnified and may increase the risk of investing in us.

The use of borrowings, also known as leverage, increases the volatility of investments by magnifying the potential for gain or loss on invested equity capital. If we use leverage to partially finance our investments, through borrowing from banks and other lenders, stockholders will experience increased risks of investing in our common stock. If the value of our assets increases, leverage would cause the net asset value attributable to our common stock to increase more sharply than it would have had we not leveraged. Conversely, if the value of our assets decreases, leverage would cause net asset value to decline more sharply than it otherwise would have had we not leveraged. Similarly, any increase in our income in excess of interest payable on the borrowed funds would cause our net income to increase more than it would without the leverage, while any decrease in our income would cause net income to decline more sharply than it would have had we not borrowed. Such a decline could negatively affect our ability to make common stock distribution payments. Leverage is generally considered a speculative investment technique.

At December 31, 2011, we had approximately $340,000 of indebtedness outstanding under Broad Street’s revolving credit facility with Deutsche Bank and approximately $214,286 outstanding under the JPM Facility.

 

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Changes in interest rates may affect our cost of capital and net investment income.

Since we intend to use debt to finance investments, our net investment income will depend, in part, upon the difference between the rate at which we borrow funds and the rate at which we invest those funds. As a result, we can offer no assurance that a significant change in market interest rates will not have a material adverse effect on our net investment income. In periods of rising interest rates when we have debt outstanding, our cost of funds will increase, which could reduce our net investment income. We expect that our long-term fixed-rate investments will be financed primarily with equity and long-term debt. We may use interest rate risk management techniques in an effort to limit our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. These techniques may include various interest rate hedging activities to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. These activities may limit our ability to participate in the benefits of lower interest rates with respect to the hedged portfolio. Adverse developments resulting from changes in interest rates or hedging transactions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Also, we have limited experience in entering into hedging transactions, and we will initially have to purchase or develop such expertise.

Stockholders should also be aware that a rise in the general level of interest rates can be expected to lead to higher interest rates applicable to our debt investments. Accordingly, an increase in interest rates would make it easier for us to meet or exceed the incentive fee preferred return and may result in a substantial increase of the amount of incentive fees payable to FB Advisor with respect to pre-incentive fee net investment income.

Risks Related to an Investment in Our Common Stock

Investors will not know the purchase price per share at the time they submit their subscription agreements and could receive fewer shares of common stock than anticipated if our board of directors determines to increase the offering price to comply with the requirement that we avoid selling shares below net asset value per share.

The purchase price at which stockholders purchase shares will be determined at each semi-monthly closing date to ensure that the sales price, after deducting selling commissions and dealer manager fees, is equal to or greater than the net asset value of our shares. As a result, in the event of an increase in our net asset value per share, an investor’s purchase price may be higher than the prior semi-monthly closing price per share, and therefore stockholders may receive a smaller number of shares than if stockholders had subscribed at the prior semi-monthly closing price.

Investors will not know the purchase price per share at the time they submit their subscription agreements and could pay a premium for their shares of common stock if our board of directors does not decrease the offering price in the event of a decline in our net asset value per share.

The purchase price at which stockholders purchase shares will be determined at each semi-monthly closing date to ensure that the sales price, after deducting selling commissions and dealer manager fees, is equal to or greater than the net asset value of our shares. In the event of a decrease to our net asset value per share, stockholders could pay a premium of more than 5% for shares of common stock if our board of directors does not decrease the offering price. A decline in our net asset value per share to an amount more than 5% below our current net offering price creates a rebuttable presumption that there has been a material change in the value of our assets such that a reduction in the offering price per share is warranted. This presumption may only be rebutted if our board of directors, in consultation with our management, reasonably and in good faith determines that the decline in net asset value per share is the result of a temporary movement in the credit markets or the value of our assets, rather than a more fundamental shift in the valuation of our portfolio. In the event that (i) net asset value per share decreases to more than 5% below our current net offering price and (ii) our board of directors believes that such decrease in net asset value per share is the result of a non-temporary movement in the credit markets or the value of our assets, our board of directors will undertake to establish a new net offering price that is not more than 5% above our net asset value per share. If our board of directors determines that the decline in our net asset value per share is the result of a temporary movement in the credit markets or the value of our assets, investors will purchase shares at an offering price per share, net of selling commissions and dealer manager fees, which represents a premium to the net asset value per share of greater than 5%.

 

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If we are unable to raise substantial funds in our ongoing, continuous “best efforts” offering, we will be limited in the number and type of investments we may make, and the value of a stockholder’s investment in us may be reduced in the event our assets under-perform.

Our continuous offering is being made on a best efforts basis, whereby the dealer manager and broker-dealers participating in the offering are only required to use their best efforts to sell our shares and have no firm commitment or obligation to purchase any of the shares. To the extent that less than the maximum number of shares is subscribed for, the opportunity for diversification of our investments may be decreased and the returns achieved on those investments may be reduced as a result of allocating all of our expenses over a smaller capital base.

Our shares are not listed on an exchange or quoted through a quotation system, and will not be for the immediate future, if ever. Therefore, our stockholders have limited liquidity and may not receive a full return of invested capital upon selling shares.

Our shares are illiquid assets for which there is not a secondary market, and it is not expected that any will develop in the immediate future. We intend to seek to complete a liquidity event for our stockholders within three years following the completion of our offering stage or at such earlier or later time as our board of directors may determine, taking into consideration market conditions and other factors. However, there can be no assurance that we will complete a liquidity event within such time or at all. We expect that our board of directors, in the exercise of the requisite standard of care applicable to directors under Maryland law, will determine to pursue a liquidity event when it believes that then-current market conditions are favorable for a liquidity event, and that such an event is in the best interests of our stockholders. A liquidity event could include (1) the sale of all or substantially all of our assets either on a complete portfolio basis or individually followed by a liquidation, (2) a listing of our shares on a national securities exchange or (3) a merger or another transaction approved by our board in which our stockholders will receive cash or shares of a publicly traded company.

Prior to the completion of a liquidity event, our share repurchase program may provide a limited opportunity for investors to achieve liquidity, subject to certain restrictions and limitations, at a price which may reflect a discount from the purchase price a stockholder paid for the shares being repurchased.

In making the decision to apply for listing of our shares, our directors will try to determine whether listing our shares, liquidating our assets or engaging in a merger or other transaction will result in greater value for our stockholders. In making a determination of what type of liquidity event is in the best interest of our stockholders, our board of directors, including our independent directors, may consider a variety of criteria, including, but not limited to, portfolio diversification, portfolio performance, our financial condition, potential access to capital as a listed company, market conditions for the sale of our assets or listing of our common stock, internal management considerations and the potential for stockholder liquidity. If our shares are listed, we cannot assure stockholders that a public trading market will develop. In addition, a liquidity event involving a listing of our shares on a national securities exchange may include certain restrictions on the ability of stockholders to sell their shares. Further, even if we do complete a liquidity event, a stockholder may not receive a return of all of his or her invested capital.

We are not obligated to complete a liquidity event by a specified date; therefore, it will be difficult for an investor to sell his or her shares.

We intend to seek to complete a liquidity event for our stockholders within three years following the completion of our offering stage or at such earlier or later time as our board of directors may determine, taking into consideration market conditions and other factors. We expect that our board of directors, in the exercise of the requisite standard of care applicable to directors under Maryland law, will determine to pursue a liquidity event when it believes that then-current market conditions are favorable for a liquidity event, and that such a transaction is in the best interests of our stockholders. A liquidity event could include (1) the sale of all or substantially all of our assets either on a complete portfolio basis or individually followed by a liquidation, (2) a

 

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listing of our shares on a national securities exchange or (3) a merger or another transaction approved by our board in which our stockholders will receive cash or shares of a publicly traded company. However, there can be no assurance that we will complete a liquidity event within such time or at all. If we do not successfully complete a liquidity event, liquidity for an investor’s shares will be limited to our share repurchase program, which we have no obligation to maintain.

Because the dealer manager for our public offering is one of our affiliates, stockholders will not have the benefit of an independent due diligence review of us, which is customarily performed in firm commitment underwritten offerings; the absence of an independent due diligence review increases the risks and uncertainty faced as a stockholder.

The dealer manager for our public offering, FS2 Capital Partners, LLC, is one of our affiliates. As a result, its due diligence review and investigation of us cannot be considered to be an independent review. Therefore, stockholders do not have the benefit of an independent review and investigation of our offering of the type normally performed by an unaffiliated, independent underwriter in a firm commitment underwritten public securities offering.

Our ability to conduct our continuous offering successfully depends, in part, on the ability of the dealer manager to establish, operate and maintain a network of broker-dealers.

Other than serving as dealer manager for our initial public offering and the initial public offering of FS Energy and Power Fund, the dealer manager has no prior experience acting as a dealer manager for a public offering. The success of our public offering, and correspondingly our ability to implement our business strategy, depends upon the ability of the dealer manager to establish, operate and maintain a network of licensed securities broker-dealers and other agents to sell our shares.

We intend to offer to repurchase shares on a quarterly basis. As a result, stockholders will have limited opportunities to sell their shares and, to the extent they are able to sell their shares under the repurchase program, they may not be able to recover the amount of their investment in our shares.

We intend to conduct tender offers to allow stockholders to tender their shares on a quarterly basis at a price equal to 90% of our public offering price in effect on the date of repurchase. The first such tender offer commenced in March 2010 and the repurchase occurred in connection with our April 1, 2010 closing. The share repurchase program includes numerous restrictions that limit stockholders’ ability to sell shares. We intend to limit the number of shares repurchased pursuant to our share repurchase program as follows: (1) we currently intend to limit the number of shares to be repurchased during any calendar year to the number of shares we can repurchase with the proceeds we receive from the sale of shares of our common stock under our distribution reinvestment plan, although at the discretion of our board of directors, we may also use cash on hand, cash available from borrowings and cash from liquidation of securities investments as of the end of the applicable period to repurchase shares; (2) we will limit the number of shares to be repurchased in any calendar year to 10% of the weighted average number of shares outstanding in the prior calendar year, or 2.5% in each quarter (though the actual number of shares that we offer to repurchase may be less in light of the limitations noted above); (3) unless a stockholder tenders all of such stockholder’s shares, such stockholder must tender at least 25% of the amount of shares he or she has purchased in the offering and must maintain a minimum balance of $5 subsequent to submitting a portion of such stockholder’s shares for repurchase by us; and (4) to the extent that the number of shares tendered to us for repurchase exceeds the number of shares that we are able to purchase, we will repurchase shares on a pro rata basis, not on a first-come, first-served basis. Further, we will have no obligation to repurchase shares if the repurchase would violate the restrictions on distributions under federal law or Maryland law, which prohibits distributions that would cause a corporation to fail to meet statutory tests of solvency. These limits may prevent us from accommodating all repurchase requests made in any year. Our board of directors may amend, suspend or terminate the repurchase program upon 30 days’ notice. We will notify stockholders of such developments (1) in our quarterly reports or (2) by means of a separate mailing to stockholders, accompanied by disclosure in a current or periodic report under the Exchange Act. In addition,

 

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although we have adopted a share repurchase program, we have discretion to not repurchase shares, to suspend the plan, and to cease repurchases. Further, the plan has many limitations and should not be relied upon as a method to sell shares promptly and at a desired price.

The timing of our repurchase offers pursuant to our share repurchase program may be at a time that is disadvantageous to our stockholders.

When we make quarterly repurchase offers pursuant to the share repurchase program, we may offer to repurchase shares at a price that is lower than the price that investors paid for shares in our offering. As a result, to the extent investors have the ability to sell their shares to us as part of our share repurchase program, the price at which an investor may sell shares, which currently is 90% of the offering price in effect on the date of repurchase, may be lower than what an investor paid in connection with the purchase of shares in our offering.

In addition, in the event an investor chooses to participate in our share repurchase program, the investor will be required to provide us with notice of intent to participate prior to knowing what the repurchase price will be on the repurchase date. Although an investor will have the ability to withdraw a repurchase request prior to the repurchase date, to the extent an investor seeks to sell shares to us as part of our periodic share repurchase program, the investor will be required to do so without knowledge of what the repurchase price of our shares will be on the repurchase date.

We may be unable to invest a significant portion of the net proceeds of our offering on acceptable terms in an acceptable timeframe.

Delays in investing the net proceeds of our offering may impair our performance. We cannot assure stockholders that we will be able to identify any investments that meet our investment objectives or that any investment that we make will produce a positive return. We may be unable to invest the net proceeds of our offering on acceptable terms within the time period that we anticipate or at all, which could harm our financial condition and operating results.

In addition, even if we are able to raise significant proceeds, we will not be permitted to use such proceeds to co-invest with certain entities affiliated with FB Advisor or GDFM in transactions originated by FB Advisor or GSO or their respective affiliates unless we first obtain an exemptive order from the SEC. We are seeking an exemptive order. However, there can be no assurance that we will obtain such relief.

Before making investments, we will invest the net proceeds of our public offering primarily in cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, repurchase agreements and high-quality debt instruments maturing in one year or less from the time of investment, which may produce returns that are significantly lower than the returns which we expect to achieve when our portfolio is fully invested in securities meeting our investment objectives. As a result, any distributions that we pay while our portfolio is not fully invested in securities meeting our investment objectives may be lower than the distributions that we may be able to pay when our portfolio is fully invested in securities meeting our investment objectives.

A stockholder’s interest in us will be diluted if we issue additional shares, which could reduce the overall value of an investment in us.

Our investors do not have preemptive rights to any shares we issue in the future. Our charter authorizes us to issue 450,000,000 shares of common stock. Pursuant to our charter, a majority of our entire board of directors may amend our charter to increase the number of authorized shares of stock without stockholder approval. After an investor purchases shares, our board may elect to sell additional shares in the future, issue equity interests in private offerings or issue share-based awards to our independent directors or employees of FB Advisor. To the extent we issue additional equity interests after an investor purchases our shares, an investor’s percentage ownership interest in us will be diluted. In addition, depending upon the terms and pricing of any additional offerings and the value of our investments, an investor may also experience dilution in the book value and fair value of a stockholder’s shares.

 

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Certain provisions of our charter and bylaws as well as provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law could deter takeover attempts and have an adverse impact on the value of our common stock.

The Maryland General Corporation Law and our charter and bylaws contain provisions that may have the effect of discouraging, delaying or making difficult a change in control of our company or the removal of our incumbent directors. We will be covered by the Business Combination Act of the Maryland General Corporation Law to the extent that such statute is not superseded by applicable requirements of the 1940 Act. However, our board of directors has adopted a resolution exempting from the Business Combination Act any business combination between us and any person to the extent that such business combination receives the prior approval of our board of directors, including a majority of our directors who are not interested persons as defined in the 1940 Act. Under the Control Share Acquisition Act of the Maryland General Corporation Law, “control shares” acquired in a “control share acquisition” have no voting rights except to the extent approved by a vote of two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding shares owned by the acquiror, by officers or by directors who are employees of the corporation. Our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the Control Share Acquisition Act any and all acquisitions by any person of shares of our common stock. The Business Combination Act (if our board should repeal the resolution) and the Control Share Acquisition Act (if we amend our bylaws to be subject to that Act) may discourage others from trying to acquire control of us and increase the difficulty of consummating any offer.

Additionally, our board of directors may, without stockholder action, authorize the issuance of shares of stock in one or more classes or series, including preferred stock; and our board of directors may, without stockholder action, amend our charter to increase the number of shares of stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue. These anti-takeover provisions may inhibit a change of control in circumstances that could give the holders of our common stock the opportunity to realize a premium over the value of our common stock.

Federal Income Tax Risks

We will be subject to corporate-level income tax if we are unable to qualify as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code or to satisfy RIC distribution requirements.

To qualify for and maintain RIC tax treatment under the Code, we must meet the following annual distribution, income source and asset diversification requirements. See “Item 1. Business—Taxation as a Regulated Investment Company.”

 

   

The Annual Distribution Requirement for a RIC will be satisfied if we distribute to our stockholders on an annual basis at least 90% of our net ordinary income and realized net short-term capital gains in excess of realized net long-term capital losses, if any. Because we may use debt financing, we are subject to an asset coverage ratio requirement under the 1940 Act and may in the future become subject to certain financial covenants under loan and credit agreements that could, under certain circumstances, restrict us from making distributions necessary to satisfy the distribution requirement. If we are unable to obtain cash from other sources, we could fail to qualify for RIC tax treatment and thus become subject to corporate-level income tax.

 

   

The income source requirement will be satisfied if we obtain at least 90% of our income for each year from dividends, interest, gains from the sale of stock or securities or similar sources.

 

   

The asset diversification requirement will be satisfied if we meet certain asset diversification requirements at the end of each quarter of our taxable year. To satisfy this requirement, at least 50% of the value of our assets must consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, securities of other RICs, and other securities if such other securities of any one issuer do not represent more than 5% of the value of our assets or more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of the issuer; and no more than 25% of the value of our assets can be invested in the securities, other than U.S. government securities or securities of other RICs, of one issuer, of two or more issuers that are controlled, as determined under applicable Code rules, by us and that are engaged in the same or similar or related trades or businesses or of certain “qualified publicly traded partnerships.” Failure to meet these

 

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requirements may result in our having to dispose of certain investments quickly in order to prevent the loss of RIC status. Because most of our investments will be in private companies, and therefore will be relatively illiquid, any such dispositions could be made at disadvantageous prices and could result in substantial losses.

If we fail to qualify for or maintain RIC tax treatment for any reason and are subject to corporate income tax, the resulting corporate taxes could substantially reduce our net assets, the amount of income available for distribution and the amount of our distributions.

We may have difficulty paying our required distributions if we recognize income before or without receiving cash representing such income.

For federal income tax purposes, we may be required to recognize taxable income in circumstances in which we do not receive a corresponding payment in cash. For example, if we hold debt obligations that are treated under applicable tax rules as having original issue discount (such as debt instruments with PIK interest or, in certain cases, increasing interest rates or debt instruments that were issued with warrants), we must include in income each year a portion of the original issue discount that accrues over the life of the obligation, regardless of whether cash representing such income is received by us in the same taxable year. We may also have to include in income other amounts that we have not yet received in cash, such as deferred loan origination fees that are paid after origination of the loan or are paid in non-cash compensation such as warrants or stock. We anticipate that a portion of our income may constitute original issue discount or other income required to be included in taxable income prior to receipt of cash. Further, we may elect to amortize market discounts and include such amounts in our taxable income in the current year, instead of upon disposition, as an election not to do so would limit our ability to deduct interest expenses for tax purposes.

Because any original issue discount or other amounts accrued will be included in our investment company taxable income for the year of the accrual, we may be required to make a distribution to our stockholders in order to satisfy the Annual Distribution Requirement, even though we will not have received any corresponding cash amount. As a result, we may have difficulty meeting the Annual Distribution Requirement necessary to qualify for and maintain RIC tax treatment under the Code. We may have to sell some of our investments at times and/or at prices we would not consider advantageous, raise additional debt or equity capital or forgo new investment opportunities for this purpose. If we are not able to obtain cash from other sources, we may fail to qualify for or maintain RIC tax treatment and thus become subject to corporate-level income tax.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Properties

We do not own any real estate or other physical properties materially important to our operation. Our headquarters are located at Cira Centre, 2929 Arch Street, Suite 675, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19104. We believe that our office facilities are suitable and adequate for our business as it is presently conducted.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

We are not currently subject to any material legal proceedings, nor, to our knowledge, is any material legal proceeding threatened against us. From time to time, we may be a party to certain legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business, including proceedings relating to the enforcement of our rights under contracts with our portfolio companies. While the outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, we do not expect that these proceedings will have a material effect upon our financial condition or results of operations.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

Many of the amounts and percentages presented in Part II have been rounded for convenience of presentation, and all dollar amounts, excluding per share amounts, are presented in thousands unless otherwise noted.

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information

There is currently no market for our common stock, and we do not expect that a market for our shares will develop in the immediate future. No shares of our common stock have been authorized for issuance under any equity compensation plans. Under Maryland law, our stockholders generally will not be personally liable for our debts or obligations.

We are currently selling our shares on a continuous basis at a price of $10.70 per share; however, to the extent that our net asset value per share increases, we will sell at a price necessary to ensure that shares are not sold at a price per share, after deduction of selling commissions and dealer manager fees, that is below net asset value per share. In connection with each semi-monthly closing on the sale of shares of our common stock pursuant to our prospectus, as amended or supplemented, which relates to our public offering of common stock on a continuous basis, our board of directors or a committee thereof is required to make the determination that we are not selling shares of our common stock at a price per share, after deduction of selling commissions and dealer manager fees, that is below our then current net asset value per share within 48 hours of the time that we price our shares.

A decline in our net asset value per share to an amount more than 5% below our current net offering price creates a rebuttable presumption that there has been a material change in the value of our assets such that a reduction in the offering price per share is warranted. This presumption may only be rebutted if our board of directors, in consultation with our management, reasonably and in good faith determines that the decline in net asset value per share is the result of a temporary movement in the credit markets or the value of our assets, rather than a more fundamental shift in the valuation of our portfolio. In the event that (i) net asset value per share decreases to more than 5% below our current net offering price and (ii) our board of directors believes that such decrease in net asset value per share is the result of a non-temporary movement in the credit markets or the value of our assets, our board of directors will undertake to establish a new net offering price that is not more than 5% above our net asset value per share.

Set forth below is a chart describing the classes of our securities outstanding as of March 29, 2012:

 

(1)    (2)      (3)      (4)  

Title of Class

   Amount
Authorized
     Amount Held by Us or
for Our Account
     Amount Outstanding
Exclusive of Amount
Under Column(3)
 

Common Stock

     450,000,000         —           202,829,516   

As of March 29, 2012, we had 51,856 record holders of our common stock.

Share Repurchase Program

We intend to conduct quarterly tender offers pursuant to our share repurchase program. The first such tender offer commenced in March 2010 and the repurchase occurred in connection with our April 1, 2010 closing. Our board of directors will consider the following factors, among others, in making its determination regarding whether to cause us to offer to repurchase shares and under what terms:

 

   

the effect of such repurchases on our qualification as a RIC (including the consequences of any necessary asset sales);

 

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the liquidity of our assets (including fees and costs associated with disposing of assets);

 

   

our investment plans and working capital requirements;

 

   

the relative economies of scale with respect to our size;

 

   

our history in repurchasing shares or portions thereof; and

 

   

the condition of the securities markets.

We currently intend to limit the number of shares to be repurchased during any calendar year to the number of shares we can repurchase with the proceeds we receive from the sale of shares under our distribution reinvestment plan. At the discretion of our board of directors, we may also use cash on hand, cash available from borrowings and cash from liquidation of securities investments as of the end of the applicable period to repurchase shares. In addition, we will limit the number of shares to be repurchased in any calendar year to 10% of the weighted average number of shares outstanding in the prior calendar year, or 2.5% in each quarter, though the actual number of shares that we offer to repurchase may be less in light of the limitations noted above. We will offer to repurchase such shares on each date of repurchase at a price equal to 90% of the current offering price in effect on each date of repurchase. Our board of directors may amend, suspend or terminate the repurchase program at any time upon 30 days’ notice.

The table below provides information concerning our repurchases of shares of our common stock during the quarter ended December 31, 2011 pursuant our share repurchase program.

 

Period

  Total Number of
Shares  Purchased
    Average Price Paid
per Share
    Total Number of
Shares Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced Plans or

Programs
    Maximum Number of
Shares that May Yet
Be Purchased Under
the Plans  or Programs

October 1 to October 31, 2011

    121,089      $     9.585        121,089      (1)

November 1 to November 30, 2011

    —          —          —              —  

December 1 to December 31, 2011

    —            —              —  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

Total

    121,089      $ 9.585        121,089      (1)
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

(1) A description of the maximum number of shares that may be purchased under our share repurchase program is included in the narrative preceding this table.

Distributions

Subject to the board of directors’ discretion and applicable legal restrictions, we intend to authorize and declare distributions on either a semi-monthly or monthly basis and pay distributions on either a monthly or quarterly basis. While we historically paid distributions on a quarterly basis, commencing in the fourth quarter of 2010, subject to the board of directors’ discretion and applicable legal restrictions, we began to pay distributions on a monthly rather than quarterly basis. We will calculate each stockholder’s specific distribution amount for the period using record and declaration dates and each stockholder’s distributions will begin to accrue on the date we accept each stockholder’s subscription for shares of our common stock. From time to time, we may also pay interim special distributions in the form of cash or shares of common stock at the discretion of our board of directors. During certain periods, our distributions may exceed our earnings. As a result, it is possible that a portion of the distributions we make may represent a return of capital for tax purposes. Each year a statement on Form 1099-DIV, identifying the source of the distribution (i.e., paid from ordinary income, paid from net capital gains on the sale of securities, and/or a return of paid-in capital surplus, which is a nontaxable distribution) will be mailed to our stockholders. No portion of the distributions paid during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 or 2009 represented a return of capital for tax purposes.

 

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We intend to continue to make our ordinary distributions in the form of cash, out of assets legally available, unless stockholders elect to receive their distributions in additional shares of our common stock under our distribution reinvestment plan. Any distributions reinvested under the plan will nevertheless remain taxable to a U.S. stockholder. If stockholders hold shares in the name of a broker or financial intermediary, they should contact the broker or financial intermediary regarding their election to receive distributions in additional shares of our common stock.

To qualify for and maintain RIC tax treatment, we must, among other things, distribute at least 90% of our net ordinary income and realized net short-term capital gains in excess of realized net long-term capital losses, if any. In order to avoid certain excise taxes imposed on RICs, we currently intend to distribute during each calendar year an amount at least equal to the sum of (1) 98% of our net ordinary income for the calendar year, (2) 98.2% of our capital gains in excess of capital losses for the one-year period ending on October 31 of the calendar year and (3) any net ordinary income and net capital gains for preceding years that were not distributed during such years and on which we paid no federal income tax. We can offer no assurance that we will achieve results that will permit us to pay any cash distributions and, if we issue senior securities, we will be prohibited from making distributions if doing so causes us to fail to maintain the asset coverage ratios stipulated by the 1940 Act or if distributions are limited by the terms of any of our borrowings.

Promptly following the payment of distributions to all stockholders of record, we will send information to stockholders residing in Maryland regarding the source of such distributions.

Following commencement of our operations. we declared our first distribution on January 29, 2009. The following table reflects the cash distributions per share that we have declared and paid on our common stock during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011:

 

     Distribution  

For the Year Ended December 31,

   Per Share(1)      Amount  

2008

   $ 0.1835       $ 25   

2009

     0.6717         3,134   

2010(2)(3)

     0.8728         21,389   

2011(4)(5)

     0.9098         86,657   

 

(1) The amounts of the per share distributions for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2009 and 2010 have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock distributions declared throughout 2009 and 2010 as discussed below.

 

(2) In addition to regular semi-monthly cash distributions during such period, cash distributions declared and paid on our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2010 include approximately $3,851, or approximately $0.12 per share, in special cash distributions.

 

(3) On October 13, 2010, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.03125 per share to $0.03185 per share, effective October 1, 2010. On October 29, 2010, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.03185 per share to $0.032156 per share, effective November 1, 2010.

 

(4) In addition to regular semi-monthly cash distributions during such period, cash distributions declared and paid on our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2011 include approximately $10,284, or approximately $0.115 per share, in special cash distributions.

 

(5) On April 13, 2011, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.032156 per share to $0.033594 per share, effective May 1, 2011.

On January 10, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which were paid on January 31, 2012 to stockholders of record on January 13, 2012 and January 30, 2012, respectively. On February 9, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which were paid on February 29, 2012 to stockholders

 

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of record on February 15, 2012 and February 28, 2012, respectively. On March 13, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which will be paid on March 30, 2012 to stockholders of record on March 15, 2012 and March 29, 2012, respectively. The timing and amount of any future distributions to stockholders are subject to applicable legal restrictions and the sole discretion of our board of directors.

We have adopted an “opt in” distribution reinvestment plan for our stockholders. As a result, if we make a distribution, our stockholders will receive distributions in cash unless they specifically “opt in” to the distribution reinvestment plan so as to have their cash distributions reinvested in additional shares of our common stock.

We may fund our cash distributions to stockholders from any sources of funds available to us, including offering proceeds, borrowings, net investment income from operations, capital gains proceeds from the sale of assets, non-capital gains proceeds from the sale of assets, dividends or other distributions paid to us on account of preferred and common equity investments in portfolio companies and expense reimbursements from Franklin Square Holdings. The following table reflects, for tax purposes, the sources of the cash distributions that we have paid on our common stock during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Source of Distribution

   Distribution
Amount
     Percentage     Distribution
Amount
     Percentage     Distribution
Amount
     Percentage  

Offering proceeds

   $              $              $           

Borrowings

                                             

Net investment income(1)

     74,663         86     13,545         63     1,917         61

Capital gains proceeds from the sale of assets

     11,994         14     7,844         37     977         31

Non-capital gains proceeds from the sale of assets

                                             

Distributions on account of preferred and common equity

                                             

Expense reimbursement from sponsor

                                   240         8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 86,657         100   $ 21,389         100   $ 3,134         100
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) During the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, 90%, 84% and 57%, respectively, of our gross investment income was attributable to cash interest earned and 10%, 16% and 43%, respectively, was attributable to non-cash accretion of discount and PIK interest.

The aggregate cost of our investments for federal income tax purposes totaled $1,862,279 and $715,695 as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The aggregate net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on a tax basis, including our TRS, was $(19,917) and $17,885 as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Our net investment income on a tax basis for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 was $76,808, $13,545 and $2,157, respectively. As of December 31, 2011, we had $2,145 of undistributed net investment income on a tax basis. We distributed all of our tax-basis net investment income earned as of December 31, 2010 and 2009.

The difference between our GAAP-basis net investment income and our tax-basis net investment income is due to the tax-basis deferral and amortization of organization and start-up costs incurred prior to the commencement of our operations, interest income earned on a tax basis due to the required accretion of discount on non-performing loans, the reversal of the required accrual for GAAP purposes of incentive fees on unrealized gains even though no such incentive fees on unrealized gains are payable by us, the inclusion of realized gains on

 

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the TRS in tax-basis net investment income and the accretion of discount on the TRS. The following table sets forth a reconciliation between GAAP-basis net investment income and tax-basis net investment income during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

GAAP-basis net investment income

   $ 71,364      $ 9,392      $ 2,151   

Deferral and amortization of organizational costs

     (43     (43     (43

Tax accretion of discount on investments

     4,035        133        49   

Reversal of incentive fee accrual on unrealized gains

     (4,063     4,063        —     

GAAP realized gains on total return swap

     5,169        —          —     

Accretion of discount on total return swap

     346        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Tax-basis net investment income

   $ 76,808      $ 13,545      $ 2,157   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The determination of the tax attributes of our distributions is made annually as of the end of our fiscal year based upon our taxable income for the full year and distributions paid for the full year. The actual tax characteristics of distributions to stockholders are reported to stockholders annually on a Form 1099-DIV.

The following table reflects the stock distributions per share that we have declared on our common stock to date:

 

Date Declared

   Record Date    Distribution Date    Distribution
Percentage
    Shares
Issued
 

Fiscal 2009

          

March 31, 2009

   March 31, 2009    March 31, 2009      1.4     13,818   

April 30, 2009

   April 30, 2009    April 30, 2009      3.0     42,661   

May 29, 2009

   May 29, 2009    May 29, 2009      3.7     79,125   

June 30, 2009

   June 30, 2009    June 30, 2009      3.5     96,976   

July 30, 2009

   July 31, 2009    July 31, 2009      3.1     117,219   

August 31, 2009

   August 31, 2009    August 31, 2009      3.0     148,072   

December 31, 2009

   December 31, 2009    December 31, 2009      0.5     49,710   

Fiscal 2010

          

January 28, 2010

   January 31, 2010    January 31, 2010      2.5     283,068   

The purpose of these special stock distributions was to maintain a net asset value per share that was below the then-current offering price, after deduction of selling commissions and dealer manager fees, as required by the 1940 Act, subject to certain limited exceptions. Our board of directors determined that our portfolio performance sufficiently warranted taking these actions.

The stock distributions increased the number of shares outstanding, thereby reducing our net asset value per share. However, because the stock distributions were issued to all stockholders in proportion to their current holdings, the reduction in net asset value per share as a result of the stock distributions was offset exactly by the increase in the number of shares owned by each investor. As overall value to an investor was not reduced as a result of the special stock distributions, our board of directors determined that these issuances would not be dilutive to existing stockholders. As the stock distributions did not change any stockholder’s proportionate interest in us, they did not represent taxable distributions.

 

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As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the components of accumulated earnings on a tax basis were as follows:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
           2011                 2010        

Distributable ordinary income

   $ 2,145      $ 1,290   

Incentive fee accrual on unrealized gains

     —          (4,063

Accretion of discount on total return swap

     (346     —     

Unamortized organizational costs

     (515     (558

Unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments and total return swap and gain/loss on foreign currency(1)

     (19,917     17,885   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ (18,633   $ 14,554   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the gross unrealized appreciation on our investments was $27,769 and $20,136, respectively. As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the gross unrealized depreciation on our investments and total return swap and loss on foreign currency was $47,686 and $2,251, respectively.

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following selected financial data for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, 2009 and 2008 and for the period from December 21, 2007 (Inception) to December 31, 2007 is derived from our financial statements which have been audited by McGladrey & Pullen, LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm. The data should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes thereto and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included elsewhere in this annual report.

 

                             Period from
December 21, 2007
(Inception) to
December 31, 2007
 
     Year Ended December 31,    
     2011     2010     2009     2008    

Statement of operations data:

          

Investment income

   $ 115,484      $ 30,670      $ 4,420      $ 25      $ —     

Operating expenses

          

Total expenses

     44,120        21,278        2,509        605        37   

Less: Expense reimbursement from sponsor

     —          —          (240     —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net expenses

     44,120        21,278        2,269        605        37   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income (loss)

     71,364        9,392        2,151        (580     (37

Realized and unrealized gain (loss)

     (17,894     18,872        9,305        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 53,470      $ 28,264      $ 11,456      $ (580   $ (37
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per share data:

          

Net investment income (loss)—basic and diluted(1)

   $ 0.76      $ 0.40      $ 0.48      $ (4.72  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations—basic and diluted(1)

   $ 0.57      $ 1.21      $ 2.57      $ (4.72  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Distributions declared(2)

   $ 0.91      $ 0.87      $ 0.67      $ 0.18     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Balance sheet data:

          

Total assets

   $ 2,144,225      $ 782,005      $ 110,068      $ 1,000     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Credit facility and repurchase agreement payable

   $ 554,286      $ 297,201      $ —        $ —       
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total net assets

   $ 1,498,892      $ 389,232      $ 93,197      $ 999     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

Other data:

          

Total return(3)

     8.93     13.08     33.33     2.40  

Number of portfolio company investments at period end

     183        144        50        —       

Total portfolio investments for the period

   $ 1,978,499      $ 849,242      $ 106,098      $ —       

Investment sales and prepayments for the period

   $ 858,661      $ 240,054      $ 16,717      $ —       

 

(1) The per share data was derived by using the weighted average shares outstanding during the period.

 

(2) The per share data for distributions reflects the actual amount of distributions paid per share during the period.

 

(3)

The 2008 total return is based on an initial investment at $7.32 per share, which represents the initial offering price per share, net of sales commissions and dealer manager fees, after taking into account the stock distributions to stockholders described in “Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related

 

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  Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities—Distributions”. The 2009 total return was calculated by taking the net asset value per share as of December 31, 2009, adding the cash distributions per share which were declared during the calendar year and dividing the total by the net asset value per share on December 31, 2008. The 2010 total return was calculated by taking the net asset value per share as of December 31, 2010, adding the cash distributions per share which were declared during the calendar year and dividing the total by the net asset value per share on December 31, 2009. The 2011 total return was calculated by taking the net asset value per share as of December 31, 2011, adding the cash distributions per share which were declared during the calendar year and dividing the total by the net asset value per share on December 31, 2010. The total return does not consider the effect of the sales load from the sale of our common stock. The total return includes the effect of the issuance of shares at a net offering price that is greater than net asset value per share, which causes an increase in net asset value per share.

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K.

Some of the statements in this annual report on Form 10-K constitute forward-looking statements because they relate to future events or our future performance or financial condition. The forward-looking statements contained in this annual report on Form 10-K may include statements as to:

 

   

our future operating results;

 

   

our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies;

 

   

the impact of the investments that we expect to make;

 

   

the ability of our portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;

 

   

our current and expected financings and investments;

 

   

the adequacy of our cash resources, financing sources and working capital;

 

   

the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies.

 

   

our contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;

 

   

actual and potential conflicts of interest with FB Advisor or GDFM or either of their affiliates;

 

   

the dependence of our future success on the general economy and its effect on the industries in which we invest;

 

   

the use of borrowed money to finance a portion of our investments;

 

   

the ability of FB Advisor to locate suitable investments for us and to monitor and administer our investments;

 

   

the ability of FB Advisor or its affiliates to attract and retain highly talented professionals;

 

   

our ability to qualify and maintain our qualification as a RIC and as a BDC;

 

   

the impact on our business of the Dodd-Frank Act and the rules and regulations issued thereunder; and

 

   

the effect of changes to tax legislation and our tax position.

In addition, words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect” and “intend” indicate a forward-looking statement, although not all forward-looking statements include these words. The forward-looking statements contained in this annual report on Form 10-K involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those implied or expressed in the forward-looking statements for any reason. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include:

 

   

changes in the economy;

 

   

risks associated with possible disruption in our operations or the economy generally due to terrorism or natural disasters; and

 

   

future changes in laws or regulations and conditions in our operating areas.

We have based the forward-looking statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K on information available to us on the date of this annual report on Form 10-K, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. Except as required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Stockholders are advised to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to stockholders or through reports that we may file in the future with the SEC, including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. The forward-looking statements

 

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and projections contained in this annual report on Form 10-K are excluded from the safe harbor protection provided by Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Exchange Act.

Overview

We were incorporated under the general corporation laws of the State of Maryland on December 21, 2007, and commenced operations on January 2, 2009 upon raising gross proceeds in excess of $2,500 from persons who are not affiliated with us or FB Advisor. We are an externally managed, non-diversified, closed-end management investment company that has elected to be treated as a BDC under the 1940 Act and has elected to be treated for federal income tax purposes, and intends to qualify annually, as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code.

Our investment objectives are to generate current income and, to a lesser extent, long-term capital appreciation. Our portfolio is comprised primarily of investments in senior secured loans, second lien secured loans and, to a lesser extent, subordinated loans of private U.S. companies. We may purchase interests in loans through secondary market transactions in the “over-the-counter” market for institutional loans or directly from our target companies. In connection with our debt investments, we may on occasion receive equity interests such as warrants or options as additional consideration. We may also purchase minority interests in the form of common or preferred equity in our target companies, either in conjunction with one of our debt investments or through a co-investment with a financial sponsor. In addition, a portion of our portfolio may be comprised of corporate bonds and other debt securities. However, such investments are not expected to comprise a significant portion of our portfolio.

The senior secured and second lien secured loans in which we invest generally have stated terms of three to seven years and any subordinated debt investments that we make generally will have stated terms of up to ten years, but the expected average life of such securities is generally between three and seven years. However, there is no limit on the maturity or duration of any security in our portfolio. The loans that we invest in are often rated by an NRSRO and generally will carry a rating below investment grade (rated lower than “Baa3” by Moody’s Investors Service or lower than “BBB-” by Standard & Poor’s Corporation). However, we may also invest in non-rated debt securities.

Revenues

The principal measure of our financial performance is net increase in net assets resulting from operations, which includes net investment income, net realized gain, net unrealized appreciation and depreciation on investments, net unrealized appreciation and depreciation on total return swap and net unrealized gains and losses on foreign currency. Net investment income is the difference between our income from interest, dividends, fees and other investment income and our operating expenses. Net realized gain on investments is the difference between the proceeds received from dispositions of portfolio investments and their stated cost. Net unrealized appreciation and depreciation on investments is the net change in the fair value of our investment portfolio. Net unrealized appreciation and depreciation on total return swap is the net change in fair value of our total return swap. Net unrealized gains and losses on foreign currency is the net change in the value of receivables or accruals due to the impact of foreign currency fluctuations.

We also generate revenues in the form of dividends and other distributions on the equity or other securities we hold.

In addition, we may generate revenues in the form of commitment, closing, origination, structuring or diligence fees, monitoring fees, fees for providing managerial assistance, consulting fees and performance-based fees. Any such fees generated in connection with our investments will be recognized as earned. No such fees were earned during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 or 2009.

 

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Expenses

Our primary operating expenses include the payment of advisory fees and other expenses under the investment advisory and administrative services agreement, interest expense from financing facilities and other expenses necessary for our operations. Our investment advisory fee compensates FB Advisor for its work in identifying, evaluating, negotiating, executing, monitoring and servicing our investments. FB Advisor is responsible for compensating our investment sub-adviser.

We also reimburse FB Advisor for its performance of services related to our administration and operation, provided that such reimbursement must be the lower of FB Advisor’s actual costs or the amount that we would be required to pay for comparable administrative services in the same geographic location, and provided further that such costs are reasonably allocated to us on the basis of assets, revenues, time records or other reasonable methods. We do not reimburse FB Advisor for any services for which it receives a separate fee, or for rent, depreciation, utilities, capital equipment or other administrative items allocated to a controlling person of FB Advisor. We bear all other expenses of our operations and transactions, including (without limitation) fees and expenses relating to:

 

   

corporate and organizational expenses relating to offerings of our common stock, subject to limitations included in the investment advisory and administrative services agreement;

 

   

the cost of calculating our net asset value, including the cost of any third-party pricing or valuation services;

 

   

the cost of effecting sales and repurchases of shares of our common stock and other securities;

 

   

investment advisory fees;

 

   

fees payable to third parties relating to, or associated with, making investments and valuing investments, including fees and expenses associated with performing due diligence reviews of prospective investments;

 

   

interest payments on our debt or related obligations;

 

   

transfer agent and custodial fees;

 

   

fees and expenses associated with marketing efforts;

 

   

federal and state registration fees;

 

   

federal, state and local taxes;

 

   

fees and expenses of directors not also serving in an executive officer capacity for us or FB Advisor;

 

   

costs of proxy statements, stockholders’ reports and notices;

 

   

fidelity bond, directors and officers/errors and omissions liability insurance and other insurance premiums;

 

   

direct costs such as printing, mailing, long distance telephone and staff;

 

   

fees and expenses associated with independent audits and outside legal costs, including compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

 

   

costs associated with our reporting and compliance obligations under the 1940 Act and applicable federal and state securities laws;

 

   

brokerage commissions for the purchase and sale of our investments;

 

   

costs associated with our chief compliance officer; and

 

   

all other expenses incurred by FB Advisor, our sub-adviser or us in connection with administering our business, including expenses incurred by FB Advisor or our sub-adviser in performing administrative

 

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services for us and administrative personnel paid by FB Advisor, to the extent they are not controlling persons of FB Advisor or any of its affiliates, subject to the limitations included in the investment advisory and administrative services agreement.

Portfolio Investment Activity For The Years Ended December 31, 2011 and 2010

During the year ended December 31, 2011, we made investments in portfolio companies totaling $1,978,499. During the same period, we sold investments totaling $476,087 and received principal repayments of $382,574. As of December 31, 2011, our investment portfolio, with a total fair value of $1,844,358, consisted of interests in 183 portfolio companies (55% in first lien senior secured loans, 21% in second lien senior secured loans, 7% in senior secured bonds, 12% in subordinated debt, 4% in collateralized securities and 1% in equity/other) with an average annual EBITDA of approximately $390.0 million. As of December 31, 2011, the investments in our portfolio were purchased at an average price of 94.1% of par or stated value, as applicable, the weighted average credit rating of the investments in our portfolio that were rated (constituting approximately 70.9% of our portfolio based on the fair value of our investments) was B2 based upon the Moody’s scale and our estimated gross annual portfolio yield, prior to leverage, was 10.4% based upon the purchase price of our investments.

During the year ended December 31, 2010, we made investments in portfolio companies totaling $849,242. During the same period, we sold positions totaling $122,581 and received principal repayments of $117,473. As of December 31, 2010, our investment portfolio, with a total fair value of $733,580, consisted of interests in 144 portfolio companies (66% in first lien senior secured loans, 19% in second lien senior secured loans, 4% in senior secured bonds, 7% in subordinated debt and 4% in collateralized securities) with an average annual EBITDA of approximately $294.5 million. As of December 31, 2010, the investments in our portfolio were purchased at an average price of 94.9% of par value, the weighted average credit rating of the investments in our portfolio that were rated (constituting approximately 99.5% of our portfolio based on the fair value of our investments) was B2 based upon the Moody’s scale and our estimated gross annual portfolio yield, prior to leverage, was 8.5% based upon the purchase price of our investments.

The following table summarizes the composition of our investment portfolio at cost and fair value as of December 31, 2011 and 2010:

 

    December 31, 2011     December 31, 2010  
    Amortized
Cost (1)
    Fair Value     Percentage
of Portfolio
    Amortized
Cost (1)
    Fair Value     Percentage
of Portfolio
 

Senior Secured Loans—First Lien

  $ 1,023,217      $ 1,023,183        55   $ 473,881      $ 484,105        66

Senior Secured Loans—Second Lien

    397,266        388,508        21     131,960        135,962        19

Senior Secured Bonds

    128,748        122,758        7     34,265        35,796        4

Subordinated Debt

    229,428        226,479        12     51,384        51,178        7

Collateralized Securities

    63,464        68,366        4     24,024        26,539        4

Equity/Other

    20,156        15,064        1     —          —          —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
  $ 1,862,279      $ 1,844,358        100   $ 715,514      $ 733,580        100
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Amortized cost represents the original cost adjusted for the amortization of premiums and/or accretion of discounts, as applicable, on investments.

We do not “control” and are not an “affiliate” of any of our portfolio companies, each as defined in the 1940 Act. In general, under the 1940 Act, we would be presumed to “control” a portfolio company if we owned 25% or more of its voting securities and would be an “affiliate” of a portfolio company if we owned 5% or more of its voting securities.

 

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Our investment portfolio may contain loans that are in the form of lines of credit or revolving credit facilities, which require us to provide funding when requested by portfolio companies in accordance with the terms of the underlying loan agreements. As of December 31, 2011, we had four such investments, three of which were revolving loan agreements with an aggregate unfunded commitment of $20,302 and one of which was an unfunded bridge loan commitment with an aggregate unfunded commitment of $35,000. We maintain sufficient cash on hand to fund such unfunded loan commitments should the need arise.

The table below describes investments by industry classification and enumerates the percentage, by fair value, of the total portfolio assets in such industries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010:

 

     December 31, 2011     December 31, 2010  

Industry Classification

   Fair Value      Percentage
of Portfolio
    Fair Value      Percentage
of Portfolio
 

Consumer Discretionary

   $ 445,714         24   $ 129,749         18

Consumer Staples

     64,962         4     56,184         8

Energy

     92,596         5     69,048         9

Financials

     114,529         6     59,431         8

Healthcare

     206,205         11     63,460         9

Industrials

     404,841         22     96,762         13

Information Technology

     309,321         17     117,499         16

Materials

     101,262         5     46,832         6

Telecommunication Services

     84,082         5     81,675         11

Utilities

     20,846         1     12,940         2
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,844,358         100   $ 733,580         100
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Portfolio Asset Quality

In addition to various risk management and monitoring tools, FB Advisor uses an investment rating system to characterize and monitor the expected level of returns on each investment in our portfolio. FB Advisor uses an investment rating scale of 1 to 5. The following is a description of the conditions associated with each investment rating:

 

Investment
Rating
  

Summary Description

1    Investment exceeding expectations and/or capital gain expected.
2    Performing investment generally executing in accordance with the portfolio company’s business plan—full return of principal and interest expected.
3    Performing investment requiring closer monitoring.
4    Underperforming investment—some loss of interest or dividend expected, but still expecting a positive return on investment.
5    Underperforming investment with expected loss of interest and some principal.

 

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The following table shows the distribution of our investments on the 1 to 5 investment rating scale at fair value as of December 31, 2011 and 2010:

 

     December 31, 2011     December 31, 2010  

Investment Rating

   Investments
at Fair
Value
     Percentage
of Portfolio
    Investments
at Fair
Value
     Percentage
of Portfolio
 

1

   $ —           —        $ 38,899         5

2

     1,768,639         96     682,861         93

3

     65,327         3     11,384         2

4

     9,893         1     436         0

5

     499         0     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 1,844,358         100   $ 733,580         100
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

The amount of the portfolio in each grading category may vary substantially from period to period resulting primarily from changes in the composition of the portfolio as a result of new investment, repayment and exit activities. In addition, changes in the grade of investments may be made to reflect our expectation of performance and changes in investment values.

Results of Operations

Comparison of the years ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010

Revenues

We generated investment income of $115,484 and $30,670 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, in the form of interest earned on senior secured loans, senior secured bonds, subordinated debt, collateralized loan obligations, or CLOs, and collateralized debt obligations, or CDOs, in our portfolio and dividends and other distributions earned on equity securities. Such revenues represent $103,477 and $25,742 of cash income earned as well as $12,007 and $4,928 in non-cash portions relating to accretion of discount and PIK interest for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Cash flows related to such non-cash revenues may not occur for a number of reporting periods or years after such revenues are recognized. The increase in investment income is due to the growth of our portfolio since commencing operations in 2009. The level of investment income we receive is directly related to the balance of interest-bearing investments multiplied by the weighted average yield of our investments. We expect the dollar amount of interest and any dividend income that we earn to increase as the size of our investment portfolio increases.

Expenses

Our total operating expenses were $44,120 and $21,278 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Our operating expenses include base management fees attributed to FB Advisor of $27,791 and $7,900 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Our operating expenses also include administrative services expenses attributed to FB Advisor of $2,625 and $924 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

FB Advisor is eligible to receive incentive fees based on performance. We reversed $4,063 in capital gains incentive fees accrued by us as of December 31, 2010 as a result of the unrealized losses incurred in our portfolio during the year ended December 31, 2011. We accrued incentive fee expenses during the year ended December 31, 2010 of $5,459. The incentive fee expense for the year ended December 31, 2010 included $4,063 accrued with respect to unrealized gains in our investment portfolio, although no such incentive fee is actually payable by us with respect to such unrealized gains unless and until those gains are actually realized. See “—Critical Accounting Policies—Capital Gains Incentive Fee.”

 

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We recorded interest expense of $11,334 and $3,881 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, in connection with our credit facility and the JPM Facility. Fees incurred with our fund administrator, which provides various accounting and administrative services to us, totaled $878 and $568 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. We incurred expenses with our stock transfer agent of $2,028 and $890 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Our other general and administrative expenses totaled $3,527 and $1,656 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and consisted of the following:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
           2011                  2010        

Expenses associated with our independent audit and related fees

   $ 540       $ 385   

Compensation of our chief financial officer and our chief compliance officer(1)

     105         168   

Legal fees

     477         316   

Printing fees

     600         260   

Directors’ fees

     694         189   

Other

     1,111         338   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 3,527       $ 1,656   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) On March 14, 2011, William Goebel was appointed as our chief financial officer. Prior to that date, we had contracted with Pine Hill Group, LLC to provide the services of Charles Jacobson as our chief financial officer. Mr. Goebel is employed by Franklin Square Holdings and will not receive any direct compensation from us in this capacity. As a result, for periods after March 31, 2011, this line item does not include compensation paid to our chief financial officer and only represents compensation paid to our chief compliance officer.

During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, the ratio of our operating expenses to our average net assets was 5.01% and 9.89%, respectively. We generally expect our operating expenses to decline as a percentage of our total assets during periods of asset growth and increase as a percentage of our total assets during periods of asset declines. Our ratio of operating expenses to average net assets includes $11,334 related to interest expense on our credit facility and the JPM Facility. Without such interest expense, our ratio of operating expenses to average net assets would be 3.72%. Incentive fees, interest expense and costs relating to our continuous offering, among other things, may also increase or decrease our operating expenses in relation to our expense ratios relative to comparative periods depending on portfolio performance, changes in benchmark interest rates such as LIBOR and offerings of our securities, among other factors. The lower ratio of operating expenses to average net assets during the year ended December 31, 2011 compared to the year ended December 31, 2010 can primarily be attributed to (i) the spreading of our operating expenses over a larger asset base and (ii) the reversal during the year of capital gains incentive fees that had been accrued as of December 31, 2010. Without such reversal, our ratio of operating expenses to our average net assets would have been 5.47% during the year ended December 31, 2011.

As the size of our asset base and number of investors have grown, our general and administrative expenses have increased accordingly. Printing fees have increased as the number of filings has increased and the volume of each printing has increased in conjunction with an increase in the number of stockholders. In addition, the fees payable to our directors who do not also serve in an executive officer capacity for us or FB Advisor are determined by reference to a sliding scale based on our net asset value.

Over the next several quarters, we expect our operating expenses related to our ongoing operations to continue to increase because of the anticipated growth in the size of our asset base. However, as discussed above, we expect such expenses to decline as a percentage of our total assets.

 

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Expense Reimbursement

Beginning on February 26, 2009, Franklin Square Holdings agreed to reimburse us for expenses in an amount that was sufficient to ensure that, for tax purposes, our net investment income and net capital gains were equal to or greater than the cumulative distributions paid to our stockholders in each quarter. This arrangement was designed to ensure that no portion of our distributions would represent a return of capital for our stockholders. Under this arrangement, Franklin Square Holdings had no obligation to reimburse any portion of our expenses.

Pursuant to an Expense Support and Conditional Reimbursement Agreement, dated as of March 13, 2012, or the expense reimbursement agreement, Franklin Square Holdings has agreed to reimburse us for expenses in an amount that is sufficient to ensure that no portion of our distributions to stockholders will be paid from our offering proceeds or borrowings. However, because certain investments we may make, including preferred and common equity investments, may generate dividends and other distributions to us that are treated for tax purposes as a return of capital, a portion of our distributions to stockholders may also be deemed to constitute a return of capital for tax purposes to the extent that we may use such dividends or other distribution proceeds to fund our distributions to stockholders. Under those circumstances, Franklin Square Holdings will not reimburse us for the portion of such distributions to stockholders that represent a return of capital for tax purposes, as the purpose of the expense reimbursement arrangement is not to prevent tax-advantaged distributions to stockholders.

Under the expense reimbursement agreement, Franklin Square Holdings will reimburse us for expenses in an amount equal to the difference between our cumulative distributions paid to our stockholders in each quarter, less the sum of our net investment income for tax purposes, net capital gains and dividends and other distributions paid to us on account of preferred and common equity investments in portfolio companies (to the extent such amounts are not included in net investment income or net capital gains for tax purposes) in each quarter.

Pursuant to the expense reimbursement agreement, we will have a conditional obligation to reimburse Franklin Square Holdings for any amounts funded by Franklin Square Holdings under such agreement if (and only to the extent that), during any fiscal quarter occurring within three years of the date on which Franklin Square Holdings funded such amount, the sum of our net investment income for tax purposes, net capital gains and the amount of any dividends and other distributions paid to us on account of preferred and common equity investments in portfolio companies (to the extent not included in net investment income or net capital gains for tax purposes) exceeds the distributions paid by us to stockholders. The expense reimbursement agreement does not apply to any amounts funded by Franklin Square Holdings prior to the date of such agreement.

We or Franklin Square Holdings may terminate the expense reimbursement agreement at any time. If we terminate the investment advisory and administrative services agreement with FB Advisor, we will be required to repay Franklin Square Holdings all reimbursements funded by Franklin Square Holdings within three years of the date of termination.

The specific amount of expenses reimbursed by Franklin Square Holdings, if any, will be determined at the end of each quarter. During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, we received no reimbursements from Franklin Square Holdings. We do not expect that conditions will require Franklin Square Holdings to provide reimbursements in the future. Franklin Square Holdings is controlled by our chairman, president and chief executive officer, Michael Forman, and our vice-chairman, David Adelman. There can be no assurance that the expense reimbursement agreement will remain in effect or that Franklin Square Holdings will reimburse any portion of our expenses in future quarters.

Net Investment Income

Our net investment income totaled $71,364 ($0.76 per share) and $9,392 ($0.40 per share) for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The increase in net investment income on a per share basis can

 

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be attributed to, among other things, (i) an increase in our gross portfolio yield, prior to leverage, from 8.5% as of December 31, 2010 to 10.4% as of December 31, 2011 (in each case based on the purchase price of our investments) due in part to an increase in the number of proprietary investments made during 2011, (ii) the reversal during the year of capital gains incentive fees that had been accrued as of December 31, 2010 and (iii) the spreading of our operating expenses over a larger asset base.

Net Realized Gains or Losses

We sold investments and received principal repayments of $476,087 and $382,574, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2011, from which we realized net gains of $14,920. We also realized a net gain on our TRS of $5,169 during the year ended December 31, 2011. We sold investments and received principal repayments of $122,581 and $117,473, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2010, from which we realized net gains of $9,081.

Net Change in Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) on Investments and Total Return Swap and Unrealized Gain/Loss on Foreign Currency

For the year ended December 31, 2011, the net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments totaled $(35,987) and the net change in unrealized gain/loss on foreign currency totaled $0. The change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on our TRS was $(1,996) during this period. For the year ended December 31, 2010, the net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments totaled $9,809 and the net change in unrealized gain/loss on foreign currency totaled $(18). The change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on our investments and our TRS during the year ended December 31, 2011 was primarily driven by a general widening of credit spreads during the third quarter of 2011 resulting from, among other things, uncertainty surrounding European sovereign debt. The change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on our investments during the year ended December 31, 2010 was primarily driven by a general strengthening in the credit markets.

Net Increase in Net Assets Resulting from Operations

For the year ended December 31, 2011, the net increase in net assets resulting from operations was $53,470 ($0.57 per share) compared to a net increase in net assets resulting from operations of $28,264 ($1.21 per share) during the year ended December 31, 2010.

Comparison of the years ended December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009

Revenues

We generated investment income of $30,670 and $4,420 for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, in the form of interest earned on senior secured loans, senior secured bonds, subordinated debt, CLOs and CDOs in our portfolio. Such revenues represent $25,742 and $2,513 of cash income earned as well as $4,928 and $1,907 in non-cash portions relating to accretion of discount and PIK interest for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Cash flows related to such non-cash revenues may not occur for a number of reporting periods or years after such revenues are recognized. The increase in investment income is due to the growth of our portfolio since commencing operations in 2009. The level of investment income we receive is directly related to the balance of interest-bearing investments multiplied by the weighted average yield of our investments. We expect the dollar amount of interest and any dividend income that we earn to increase as the size of our investment portfolio increases.

Expenses

Our total operating expenses were $21,278 and $2,509 for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Our operating expenses include base management fees attributed to FB Advisor of $7,900 and $829

 

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for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Our operating expenses also include administrative services expenses attributed to FB Advisor of $924 and $261 for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

FB Advisor is eligible to receive incentive fees based on performance. We accrued incentive fee expenses during the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 of $5,459 and $173, respectively. The incentive fee expense for the year ended December 31, 2010 includes $4,063 accrued with respect to unrealized gains in our investment portfolio, although no such incentive fee is actually payable by us with respect to such unrealized gains unless and until those gains are actually realized. See “—Critical Accounting Policies—Capital Gains Incentive Fee.”

We recorded interest expense of $3,881 for the year ended December 31, 2010 in connection with our credit facility. Fees incurred with our fund administrator totaled $568 and $326 for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. We incurred expenses with our stock transfer agent of $890 and $265 for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Our other general and administrative expenses totaled $1,656 and $655 for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and consisted of the following:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
         2010              2009      

Expenses associated with our independent audit and related fees

   $ 385       $ 114   

Compensation of our chief financial officer and our chief compliance officer

     168         153   

Legal fees

     316         151   

Printing fees

     260         42   

Directors’ fees

     189         81   

Other

     338         114   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,656       $ 655   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

After the first half of 2009, our other general and administrative expenses increased as initial pricing arrangements that we negotiated with certain vendors, due to our relatively small scale, ceased. In addition, our directors who do not also serve in an executive officer capacity for us or FB Advisor began receiving fees in connection with their service as directors in the second half of 2009. Prior to the third quarter of 2009, such directors had agreed to waive all fees payable in connection with their service as members of our board of directors.

During the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, the ratio of our operating expenses to our average net assets was 9.89% and 6.53%, respectively. We generally expect our general and administrative operating expenses to decline as a percentage of our total assets during periods of asset growth and increase as a percentage of our total assets during periods of asset declines. Incentive fees, interest expense and costs relating to our continuous offering, among other things, may also increase or decrease our operating expenses in relation to our expense ratios relative to comparative periods depending on portfolio performance, changes in benchmark interest rates such as LIBOR and offerings of our securities, among other factors. The higher ratio of operating expenses to average net assets during the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to the year ended December 31, 2009 can primarily be attributed to (i) a change in our methodology during 2010 for accruing for incentive fees to include unrealized gains in the calculation of our capital gains incentive fee expense, even though no such incentive fee is actually payable by us with respect to such unrealized gains unless and until those gains are actually realized (see “—Critical Accounting Policies—Capital Gains Incentive Fee”), and (ii) interest expense related to the credit facility between Broad Street and Deutsche Bank which was established during the first quarter of 2010. Without such expenses, our ratio of operating expenses to average net assets would have been approximately 6.20% during the year ended December 31, 2010.

 

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As the size of our asset base and number of investors have grown, our general and administrative expenses have increased accordingly. Printing fees have increased as the number of filings has increased and the volume of each printing has increased in conjunction with an increase in the number of stockholders. In addition, the fees payable to our directors who do not also serve in an executive officer capacity for us or FB Advisor are determined by reference to a sliding scale based on our net asset value.

Over the next several quarters, we expect our operating expenses related to our ongoing operations to continue to increase because of the anticipated growth in the size of our asset base. However, as discussed above, we expect such expenses to decline as a percentage of our total assets.

Expense Reimbursement

Beginning on February 26, 2009, our affiliate and sponsor, Franklin Square Holdings, agreed to reimburse us for expenses in an amount that was sufficient to ensure that, for tax purposes, our net investment income and net capital gains were equal to or greater than the cumulative distributions paid to our stockholders in each quarter. This arrangement was designed to ensure that no portion of our distributions would represent a return of capital for our stockholders. Under this arrangement, Franklin Square Holdings had no obligation to reimburse any portion of our expenses.

During the year ended December 31, 2010, we received no reimbursements from Franklin Square Holdings. During the year ended December 31, 2009, reimbursements from Franklin Square Holdings totaled $240. This amount is not subject to repayment by us under the expense reimbursement agreement.

Net Investment Income

Our net investment income totaled $9,392 ($0.40 per share) and $2,151 ($0.48 per share) for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Net Realized Gains or Losses

We sold investments and received principal repayments of $122,581 and $117,473, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2010, from which we realized net gains of $9,081. We sold investments and received principal repayments of $11,779 and $4,938, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2009, from which we realized net gains of $1,030.

Net Change in Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) on Investments and Unrealized Gain/Loss on Foreign Currency

For the year ended December 31, 2010, the net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments totaled $9,809 and the net change in unrealized gain/loss on foreign currency totaled $18. For the year ended December 31, 2009, the net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments totaled $8,275. We did not hold any investment denominated in a foreign currency during the year ended December 31, 2009. The change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on our investments during the year ended December 31, 2010 was primarily driven by general improvement in the credit markets. The change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on our investments during the year ended December 31, 2009 was due primarily to general increases in prices for senior secured debt as the loan market partially recovered from its historical lows reached in the fourth quarter of 2008.

Net Increase in Net Assets Resulting from Operations

For the year ended December 31, 2010, the net increase in net assets resulting from operations was $28,264 ($1.21 per share) compared to a net increase in net assets resulting from operations of $11,456 ($2.57 per share) during the year ended December 31, 2009.

 

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Financial Condition, Liquidity and Capital Resources

During the year ended December 31, 2011, we sold 119,516,108 shares of our common stock for gross proceeds of $1,269,375. The gross proceeds received during the year ended December 31, 2011 include reinvested stockholder distributions of $37,241. During the year ended December 31, 2011, we also incurred offering costs of $6,669 in connection with the sale of our common stock, which consisted primarily of legal, due diligence and printing fees. The offering costs were offset against capital in excess of par in our consolidated financial statements. The sales commissions and dealer manager fees related to the sale of our common stock were $115,443 for the year ended December 31, 2011. These sales commissions and fees include $22,109 retained by the dealer manager, FS2 Capital Partners, LLC, or FS2, which is one of our affiliates.

During the year ended December 31, 2010, we sold 31,320,067 shares (as adjusted for stock distributions) of our common stock for gross proceeds of $324,420. The gross proceeds received during the year ended December 31, 2010 include reinvested stockholder distributions of $8,252. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we also incurred offering costs of $1,671 in connection with the sale of our common stock, which consisted primarily of legal, due diligence and printing fees. Franklin Square Holdings funded $1,125 of these offering costs. We recorded these costs as a contribution to capital. The offering costs were offset against capital in excess of par in our consolidated financial statements. The sales commissions and dealer manager fees related to the sale of our common stock were $30,252 for the year ended December 31, 2010. These sales commissions and fees include $5,435 retained by FS2.

During the year ended December 31, 2009, we sold 10,105,293 shares (as adjusted for stock distributions) of our common stock for gross proceeds of $93,464. The gross proceeds received during the year ended December 31, 2009 include reinvested stockholder distributions of $490. During the year ended December 31, 2009, we also incurred offering costs of $387 in connection with the sale of our common stock, which consisted primarily of legal, due diligence and printing fees. Franklin Square Holdings funded these offering costs. We recorded these costs as a contribution to capital. The offering costs were offset against capital in excess of par in our consolidated financial statements. The sales commissions and dealer manager fees related to the sale of our common stock were $8,187 for the year ended December 31, 2009. These sales commissions and fees include $1,295 retained by FS2.

As of March 29, 2012, we have sold 203,765,969 shares (as adjusted for stock distributions) of our common stock for gross proceeds of $2,140,002 since commencing our continuous public offering. Including the seed capital contributed by Messrs. Forman and Adelman, we have raised gross proceeds of $2,141,002 to date.

We generate cash primarily from the net proceeds of our ongoing continuous public offering and from cash flows from fees, interest and dividends earned from our investments as well as principal repayments and proceeds from sales of our investments. We are engaged in a continuous offering of shares of our common stock. We accept subscriptions on a continuous basis and issue shares at semi-monthly closings at prices that, after deducting selling commissions and dealer manager fees, must be above our net asset value per share.

Prior to investing in securities of portfolio companies, we invest the net proceeds from our continuous offering primarily in cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities, repurchase agreements and high-quality debt instruments maturing in one year or less from the time of investment, consistent with our BDC election and our election to be taxed as a RIC.

As of December 31, 2011, we had $210,714 in cash, which we have invested in interest bearing accounts, and $69,684 in cash held as collateral by Citibank under the terms of the TRS.

To provide our stockholders with limited liquidity, we conduct quarterly tender offers pursuant to our share repurchase program. During the year ended December 31, 2011, we repurchased 458,229 shares at $9.64 per share for aggregate consideration totaling $4,416. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we repurchased 228,950 shares at $9.36 per share for aggregate consideration totaling $2,143. On January 3, 2012, we repurchased 385,526 shares at $9.59 per share for aggregate consideration totaling $3,695.

 

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Revolving Credit Facility

On March 23, 2012, Broad Street, Deutsche Bank and the other lenders party thereto entered into the March 2012 amendment to the credit facility that Broad Street originally entered into with Deutsche Bank on March 10, 2010. Deutsche Bank is a lender and serves as administrative agent under the credit facility.

The March 2012 amendment extended the maturity date of the credit facility to March 23, 2013, increased the amount of the Tranche C Commitment (described below) from $100,000 to $140,000 and reduced the interest rate for all borrowings under the credit facility to a rate of LIBOR + 1.50% per annum. In connection with the March 2012 amendment, Broad Street paid Deutsche Bank a setup fee of $950 and has agreed to pay Deutsche Bank an additional $950 upon the termination date of the facility, provided that such termination fee will not be payable if Broad Street refinances the credit facility with Deutsche Bank or enters into an alternate financing arrangement with or through Deutsche Bank.

The credit facility provides for borrowings in an aggregate amount up to $380,000. Pursuant to the terms of the credit facility, borrowings thereunder may be designated as Tranche A borrowings in an amount up to $240,000 (referred to herein as the Tranche A Commitment) or as Tranche C borrowings in an amount up to $140,000 (referred to herein as the Tranche C Commitment). The credit facility also provides for Tranche B borrowings in an amount up to $100,000 (referred to herein as the Tranche B Commitment), but there are currently no Tranche B Commitments outstanding. All Tranche A Commitments and Tranche C Commitments bear interest at the rate of LIBOR + 1.50% per annum and will mature and be due and payable on March 23, 2013. Prior to the March 2012 amendment, Tranche A Commitments bore interest at the rate of LIBOR + 2.23% and Tranche C Commitments bore interest at the rate of LIBOR + 1.85% per annum.

Under the credit facility, we have transferred from time to time debt securities to Broad Street as a contribution to capital and retain a residual interest in the contributed debt securities through our ownership of Broad Street. We may contribute additional debt securities to Broad Street from time to time and Broad Street may purchase additional debt securities from various sources. Broad Street has appointed us to manage its portfolio of debt securities pursuant to the terms of an investment management agreement. Broad Street’s obligations to the lenders under the credit facility are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of Broad Street, including its portfolio of debt securities. The obligations of Broad Street under the credit facility are non-recourse to us and our exposure under the credit facility is limited to the value of our investment in Broad Street.

As of December 31, 2011, $340,000 was outstanding under the credit facility. The carrying amount of the amount outstanding under the credit facility approximates its fair value. We incurred costs of $1,554 in connection with obtaining and amending the credit facility, which we have recorded as deferred financing costs on our consolidated balance sheets and amortize to interest expense over the life of the credit facility. As of December 31, 2011, $171 of such deferred financing costs had yet to be amortized to interest expense.

The effective interest rate under the credit facility was 2.58% on December 31, 2011. Interest is paid quarterly in arrears and commenced August 20, 2010. We recorded interest expense of $9,155 and $3,881 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, of which $877 and $506, respectively, related to the amortization of deferred financing costs. We paid $7,930 and $2,492 in interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The average borrowings under the credit facility for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 were $337,898 and $126,595, respectively, with a weighted average interest rate of 2.45% and 2.67%, respectively.

Borrowings under the credit facility are subject to compliance with a borrowing base, pursuant to which the amount of funds advanced to Broad Street varies depending upon the types of assets in Broad Street’s portfolio. The occurrence of certain events described as “Super-Collateralization Events” in the credit agreement that governs the credit facility, or a decline in our net asset value below a specified threshold, results in a lowering of the amount of funds that will be advanced against such assets. Super-Collateralization Events include, without

 

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limitation, (i) certain key employees ceasing to be directors, principals, officers or investment managers of GDFM, the sub-adviser to FB Advisor; (ii) the bankruptcy or insolvency of GDFM or FB Advisor; (iii) GDFM ceasing to act as our sub-adviser or FB Advisor ceasing to act as our investment adviser; (iv) our ceasing to act as Broad Street’s investment manager, becoming bankrupt or insolvent, defaulting on certain material agreements or failing to maintain a net asset value at least equal to $50,000; and (v) us, GDFM or FB Advisor committing fraud or other illicit acts in our or their investment advisory capacities.

In connection with the credit facility, Broad Street has made certain representations and warranties and is required to comply with various covenants, reporting requirements and other customary requirements for similar facilities. In addition to customary events of default included in financing transactions, the credit facility contains the following events of default: (a) the failure to make principal payments when due or interest payments within three business days of when due; (b) borrowings under the credit facility exceeding the applicable advance rates; (c) the purchase by Broad Street of certain ineligible assets; (d) the insolvency or bankruptcy of Broad Street or us; (e) we cease to act as investment manager of Broad Street’s assets; (f) the decline of our net asset value below $50,000; and (g) fraud or other illicit acts by us, FB Advisor or GDFM in our or their investment advisory capacities. During the continuation of an event of default, Broad Street must pay interest at a default rate.

Broad Street was in compliance with the terms of the credit facility as of December 31, 2011.

Borrowings of Broad Street will be considered borrowings by us for purposes of complying with the asset coverage requirements under the 1940 Act applicable to BDCs.

Total Return Swap

On March 18, 2011, Arch Street entered into a TRS for senior secured floating rate loans with Citibank. On June 9, 2011, Arch Street entered into an amendment to the TRS to increase the maximum market value of the portfolio of loans subject to the TRS from $200,000 to $300,000, and on February 16, 2012, Arch Street entered into a second amendment to the TRS to increase this amount from $300,000 to $515,000.

The TRS with Citibank enables us, through our ownership of Arch Street, to obtain the economic benefit of owning the loans subject to the TRS, without actually owning them, in return for an interest-type payment to Citibank. As such, the TRS is analogous to Arch Street borrowing funds to acquire loans and incurring interest expense to a lender.

The obligations of Arch Street under the TRS are non-recourse to us and our exposure under the TRS is limited to the value of our investment in Arch Street, which generally will equal the value of cash collateral provided by Arch Street under the TRS. Pursuant to the terms of the TRS, Arch Street may select a portfolio of loans with a maximum aggregate market value (determined at the time each such loan becomes subject to the TRS) of $515,000. Arch Street is required to initially cash collateralize a specified percentage of each loan (generally between 20% and 25% of the market value of such loan) included under the TRS in accordance with margin requirements described in the TRS Agreement. Under the terms of the TRS, Arch Street has agreed not to draw upon, or post as collateral, such cash collateral in respect of other financings or operating requirements prior to the termination of the TRS. Neither the cash collateral required to be posted with Citibank nor any other assets of Arch Street are available to pay our debts.

Pursuant to the terms of an investment management agreement that we have entered into with Arch Street, we act as the manager of the rights and obligations of Arch Street under the TRS, including selecting the specific loans to be included in the portfolio of loans subject to the TRS. Accordingly, the loans selected by Arch Street for purposes of the TRS are selected by us in accordance with our investment objectives and strategy to generate current income and, to a lesser extent, long-term capital appreciation. In addition, pursuant to the terms of the TRS, Arch Street may select any loan or obligation available in the market to be included in the portfolio of loans that meets the obligation criteria set forth in the TRS Agreement.

 

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Each individual loan, and the portfolio of loans taken as a whole, must meet criteria described in the TRS Agreement. Under the terms of the TRS, Citibank, as calculation agent, determines whether there has been a failure to satisfy the portfolio criteria in the TRS. If such failure continues for 30 days following the delivery of notice thereof, then Citibank has the right, but not the obligation, to terminate the TRS. Arch Street receives from Citibank all interest and fees payable in respect of the loans included in the portfolio. Arch Street pays to Citibank interest at a rate equal to one-month LIBOR + 1.27% per annum (which rate was one-month LIBOR + 1.25% per annum prior to the increase in the size of the TRS to $515,000). In addition, upon the termination or repayment of any loan subject to the TRS, Arch Street will either receive from Citibank the appreciation in the value of such loan or pay to Citibank any depreciation in the value of such loan.

Under the terms of the TRS, Arch Street may be required to post additional cash collateral, on a dollar-for-dollar basis, in the event of depreciation in the value of the underlying loans after such value decreases below a specified amount. The limit on the additional collateral that Arch Street may be required to post pursuant to the TRS is equal to the difference between the full notional amount of the loans underlying the TRS and the amount of cash collateral already posted by Arch Street. The amount of collateral required to be posted by Arch Street is determined primarily on the basis of the aggregate value of the underlying loans.

We have no contractual obligation to post any such additional collateral or to make any interest payments to Citibank. We may, but are not obligated to, increase our equity investment in Arch Street for the purpose of funding any additional collateral or payment obligations for which Arch Street may become obligated during the term of the TRS. If we do not make any such additional investment in Arch Street and Arch Street fails to meet its obligations under the TRS, then Citibank will have the right to terminate the TRS and seize the cash collateral posted by Arch Street under the TRS. In the event of an early termination of the TRS, Arch Street would be required to pay an early termination fee.

Citibank may terminate the TRS on or after March 18, 2013, the second anniversary of the effectiveness of the TRS. Arch Street may terminate the TRS at any time upon providing no more than 30 days, and no less than 10 days, prior notice to Citibank. Any termination prior to the second anniversary of the effectiveness of the TRS will result in payment of an early termination fee to Citibank based on the maximum notional amount of the TRS. Under the terms of the TRS, the early termination fee will equal the present value of a stream of monthly payments which would be owed by Arch Street to Citibank for the period from the termination date through and including March 18, 2013. Such monthly payments will equal the product of (x) 90%, multiplied by (y) the aggregate notional amount of the TRS ($515,000), multiplied by (z) 1.27% per annum. If the TRS had been terminated as of March 20, 2012, Arch Street would have been required to pay an early termination fee of approximately $4,500. Arch Street is required to pay a minimum usage fee in connection with the TRS. Arch Street will also pay Citibank customary fees in connection with the establishment and maintenance of the TRS.

The value of the TRS is based primarily on the valuation of the underlying portfolio of loans subject to the TRS. Pursuant to the terms of the TRS, on each business day, Citibank values each underlying loan in good faith on a mark-to-market basis by determining how much Citibank would receive on such date if it sold the loan in the open market. Citibank reports the mark-to-market values of the underlying loans to Arch Street. Each of the loans underlying the TRS is required to be rated by Moody’s and S&P and quoted by a nationally-recognized pricing service.

As of December 31, 2011, the fair value of the TRS was $(1,996). The fair value of the TRS is reflected as an unrealized loss on total return swap on our consolidated balance sheets. The change in value of the TRS is reflected in our consolidated statements of operations as net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on total return swap. As of December 31, 2011, Arch Street had selected 70 underlying loans with a total notional amount of $298,498 and posted $69,684 in cash collateral held by Citibank (of which only $61,460 was required to be posted), which is reflected in due from counterparty on our consolidated balance sheets.

For purposes of the asset coverage ratio test applicable to us as a BDC, we have agreed with the staff of the SEC to treat the outstanding notional amount of the TRS, less the initial amount of any cash collateral required to

 

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be posted by Arch Street under the TRS, as a senior security for the life of that instrument. We may, however, accord different treatment to the TRS in the future in accordance with any applicable new rules or interpretations adopted by the staff of the SEC.

Further, for purposes of Section 55(a) under the 1940 Act, we have agreed with the staff of the SEC to treat each loan underlying the TRS as a qualifying asset if the obligor on such loan is an eligible portfolio company and as a non-qualifying asset if the obligor is not an eligible portfolio company. We may, however, accord different treatment to the TRS in the future in accordance with any applicable new rules or interpretations adopted by the staff of the SEC.

JPM Financing

On July 21, 2011, we entered into a conventional debt financing arrangement with JPM, through two wholly-owned subsidiaries, pursuant to which up to $300,000 was made available to us to fund investments in new securities and for other general corporate purposes. On February 15, 2012, we amended the JPM financing arrangement to increase the amount of the debt financing available under the arrangement from $300,000 to $400,000. Pricing under the facility is based on three-month LIBOR plus a spread of 3.25% per annum for the relevant period. We elected to structure the financing in the manner described more fully below in order to, among other things, obtain such financing at a lower cost than would be available through alternate arrangements.

Pursuant to the financing transaction, loans in our portfolio having an aggregate market value of up to $800,000 may be sold by us from time to time to Locust Street, a special-purpose bankruptcy-remote subsidiary of ours, pursuant to the Asset Transfer Agreement. Under the Asset Transfer Agreement, as of December 31, 2011, we had sold loans to Locust Street for a purchase price of approximately $365,396, all of which consisted of equity interests in Locust Street that Locust Street issued to us. We own all of the equity in Locust Street.

Loans purchased by Locust Street will secure the obligations of Locust Street under the Class A Notes to be issued by Locust Street from time to time to Race Street, another special-purpose bankruptcy-remote subsidiary of ours, pursuant to the Indenture. The Class A Notes may be issued in an aggregate principal amount of up to $560,000 and mature on July 15, 2021. Race Street will purchase the issued Class A Notes from time to time at a purchase price equal to their par value and intends to purchase up to $560,000 in aggregate principal amount of such Class A Notes. We own all of the equity in Race Street.

Race Street, in turn, has entered into a repurchase transaction with JPM pursuant to the terms of the JPM Facility. Pursuant to the JPM Facility, JPM has agreed to purchase from time to time Class A Notes held by Race Street for an aggregate purchase price equal to approximately 71% of the principal amount of Class A Notes purchased. Subject to certain conditions, the maximum principal amount of Class A Notes that may be purchased under the JPM Facility is $560,000. Accordingly, the maximum amount payable at any time to Race Street under the JPM Facility will not exceed $400,000. Under the JPM Facility, Race Street will, on a quarterly basis, repurchase the Class A Notes sold to JPM under the JPM Facility and subsequently resell such Class A Notes to JPM. The final repurchase transaction must occur no later than July 15, 2015. The repurchase price paid by Race Street to JPM for each repurchase of the Class A Notes will be equal to the purchase price paid by JPM for such Class A Notes, plus interest thereon accrued at the applicable pricing rate under the JPM Facility, as described below.

If at any time during the term of the JPM Facility the market value of the underlying loans held by Locust Street securing the Class A Notes declines by an amount greater than the Margin Threshold, Race Street will be required to post cash collateral with JPM in an amount at least equal to the amount by which the market value of such loans at such time is less than the Margin Threshold. In such event, in order to satisfy these margin-posting requirements, Race Street intends to borrow funds from us pursuant to the Revolving Credit Agreement. We may, in our sole discretion, make such loans from time to time to Race Street pursuant to the terms of the Revolving Credit Agreement. Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Agreement accrue interest at a rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus a spread of 0.75% per annum.

 

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Interest on the Class A Notes accrues at three-month LIBOR plus a spread of 4.00% per annum. Principal on the Class A Notes will be due and payable on the stated maturity date of July 15, 2021. Pursuant to the Indenture, Locust Street has made certain representations and warranties and is required to comply with various covenants, reporting requirements and other customary requirements for similar transactions. In addition to customary events of default included in similar transactions, the Indenture contains the following events of default: (a) the failure to make principal payments on the Class A Notes at their stated maturity or redemption date, or to make interest payments on the Class A Notes within five business days of when due; (b) the failure of the aggregate outstanding principal balance (subject to certain reductions) of the loans securing the Class A Notes to be at least 130% of the outstanding principal amount of the Class A Notes; and (c) GDFM ceasing to be the sub-advisor to FB Advisor.

In connection with the Class A Notes and the Indenture, Locust Street also entered into (i) a collateral management agreement with us, as collateral manager, dated as of July 21, 2011, pursuant to which we will manage the assets of Locust Street, and (ii) a collateral administration agreement with Virtus, as collateral administrator, dated as of July 21, 2011, pursuant to which Virtus will perform certain administrative services with respect to the assets of Locust Street.

Pricing under the JPM Facility is based on three-month LIBOR plus a spread of 3.25% per annum for the relevant period. Commencing January 2013, Race Street is permitted to reduce (based on certain thresholds) the aggregate principal amount of Class A Notes subject to the JPM Facility. Such reductions will be subject to breakage fees calculated as the present value of 1.25% per annum over the remaining term of the JPM Facility applied to the amount of such reduction.

As of December 31, 2011, Class A Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $300,000 had been purchased by Race Street from Locust Street and subsequently sold to JPM under the JPM Facility for aggregate proceeds of $214,286. As of December 31, 2011, the fair value of loans held by Locust Street was $576,830, which included loans purchased by Locust Street with proceeds from the issuance of Class A Notes. On January 17, 2012, an additional Class A Note in the principal amount of $120,000 was purchased by Race Street from Locust Street and subsequently sold to JPM for proceeds of $85,714. We funded each purchase of Class A Notes by Race Street through a capital contribution to Race Street. As of December 31, 2011, Race Street’s liability under the JPM Facility was $214,286, plus $1,294 of accrued interest expense. The Class A Notes issued by Locust Street and purchased by Race Street eliminate in consolidation on our financial statements.

We incurred costs of $425 in connection with obtaining the JPM Facility, which we have recorded as deferred financing costs on our consolidated balance sheets and amortize to interest expense over the life of the JPM Facility. As of December 31, 2011, $380 of such deferred financing costs had yet to be amortized to interest expense.

The effective interest rate on the borrowings under the JPM Facility was 3.66% as of December 31, 2011. We recorded interest expense of $2,179 for the year ended December 31, 2011, of which $45 related to the amortization of deferred financing costs. We paid $840 in interest expense during the year ended December 31, 2011. The average borrowings under the JPM Facility for the year ended December 31, 2011 were $129,917 with a weighted average interest rate of 3.66%.

Amounts outstanding under the JPM Facility will be considered borrowings by us for purposes of complying with the asset coverage requirements under the 1940 Act applicable to BDCs.

RIC Status and Distributions

We have elected to be treated for federal income tax purposes, and intend to qualify annually, as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. In order to qualify as a RIC, we must distribute at least 90% of our “investment company taxable income,” as defined by the Code, each year. As long as the distributions are declared by the due date of the tax return, including extensions, distributions paid up to one year after the current tax year can be

 

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carried back to the prior tax year for determining the distributions paid in such tax year. We intend to make sufficient distributions to our stockholders to qualify for and maintain our RIC status each year. We are also subject to nondeductible federal excise taxes if we do not distribute at least 98% of net ordinary income, 98.2% of any capital gain net income, if any, and any recognized and undistributed income from prior years on which we paid no federal income taxes.

Following commencement of our operations, we declared our first distribution on January 29, 2009. Subject to the board of directors’ discretion and applicable legal restrictions, we intend to authorize and declare distributions on either a semi-monthly or monthly basis and pay distributions on either a monthly or quarterly basis. While we historically paid distributions on a quarterly basis, commencing in the fourth quarter of 2010, we began to pay distributions on a monthly rather than quarterly basis. We will calculate each stockholder’s specific distribution amount for the period using record and declaration dates and each stockholder’s distributions will begin to accrue on the date we accept each stockholder’s subscription for shares of our common stock. From time to time, we may also pay special interim distributions in the form of cash or shares of our common stock at the discretion of our board of directors. During certain periods, our distributions may exceed our earnings. As a result, it is possible that a portion of the distributions we make may represent a return of capital for tax purposes. Each year a statement on Form 1099-DIV identifying the source of the distributions will be mailed to our stockholders. No portion of the distributions paid during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 or 2009 represented a return of capital for tax purposes.

We make our ordinary distributions in the form of cash, out of assets legally available, unless stockholders elect to receive their distributions in additional shares of our common stock under our distribution reinvestment plan. Any distributions reinvested under the plan will nevertheless remain taxable to the U.S. stockholder.

The following table reflects the cash distributions per share that we have declared and paid on our common stock during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011:

 

     Distribution  

For the Year Ended December 31,

   Per  Share(1)      Amount  

2008

   $ 0.1835       $ 25   

2009

     0.6717         3,134   

2010(2)(3)

     0.8728         21,389   

2011(4)(5)

     0.9098         86,657   

 

(1) The amounts of the per share distributions for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2009 and 2010 have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock distributions declared throughout 2009 and 2010 as discussed below.

 

(2) In addition to regular semi-monthly cash distributions during such period, cash distributions declared and paid on our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2010 include approximately $3,851, or approximately $0.12 per share, in special cash distributions.

 

(3) On October 13, 2010, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.03125 per share to $0.03185 per share, effective October 1, 2010. On October 29, 2010, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.03185 per share to $0.032156 per share, effective November 1, 2010.

 

(4) In addition to regular semi-monthly cash distributions during such period, cash distributions declared and paid on our common stock during the year ended December 31, 2011 include approximately $10,284, or approximately $0.115 per share, in special cash distributions.

 

(5) On April 13, 2011, our board of directors determined to increase the amount of semi-monthly distributions payable to stockholders of record from $0.032156 per share to $0.033594 per share, effective May 1, 2011.

 

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On January 10, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which were paid on January 31, 2012 to stockholders of record on January 13, 2012 and January 30, 2012, respectively. On February 9, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which were paid on February 29, 2012 to stockholders of record on February 15, 2012 and February 28, 2012, respectively. On March 13, 2012, our board of directors declared two regular semi-monthly cash distributions of $0.033594 per share each, which will be paid on March 30, 2012 to stockholders of record on March 15, 2012 and March 29, 2012, respectively. The timing and amount of any future distributions to stockholders are subject to applicable legal restrictions and the sole discretion of our board of directors.

We have adopted an “opt in” distribution reinvestment plan for our stockholders. As a result, if we make a distribution, our stockholders will receive distributions in cash unless they specifically “opt in” to the distribution reinvestment plan so as to have their cash distributions reinvested in additional shares of our common stock.

We may fund our cash distributions to stockholders from any sources of funds available to us, including offering proceeds, borrowings, net investment income from operations, capital gains proceeds from the sale of assets, non-capital gains proceeds from the sale of assets, dividends or other distributions paid to us on account of preferred and common equity investments in portfolio companies and expense reimbursements from Franklin Square Holdings. We have not established limits on the amount of funds we may use from available sources to make distributions. The following table reflects, for tax purposes, the sources of the cash distributions that we have paid on our common stock during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009:

 

    Year Ended December 31,  
    2011     2010     2009  

Source of Distribution

  Distribution
Amount
    Percentage     Distribution
Amount
    Percentage     Distribution
Amount
    Percentage  

Offering proceeds

  $             $             $          

Borrowings

                                         

Net investment income(1)

    74,663        86     13,545        63     1,917        61

Capital gains proceeds from the sale of assets

    11,994        14     7,844        37     977        31

Non-capital gains proceeds from the sale of assets

                                         

Distributions on account of preferred and common equity

                                         

Expense reimbursement from sponsor

                                240        8
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ 86,657        100   $ 21,389        100   $ 3,134        100
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) During the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, 90%, 84% and 57%, respectively, of our gross investment income was attributable to cash interest earned and 10%, 16% and 43%, respectively, was attributable to non-cash accretion of discount and PIK interest.

The aggregate cost of our investments for federal income tax purposes totaled $1,862,279 and $715,695 as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The aggregate net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on a tax basis, including our TRS, was $(19,917) and $17,885 as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Our net investment income on a tax basis for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 was $76,808, $13,545 and $2,157, respectively. As of December 31, 2011, we had $2,145 of undistributed net investment income on a tax basis. We distributed all of our tax-basis net investment income earned as of December 31, 2010 and 2009.

 

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The difference between our GAAP-basis net investment income and our tax-basis net investment income is due to the tax-basis deferral and amortization of organization and start-up costs incurred prior to the commencement of our operations, interest income earned on a tax basis due to the required accretion of discount on non-performing loans, the reversal of the required accrual for GAAP purposes of incentive fees on unrealized gains even though no such incentive fees on unrealized gains are payable by us, the inclusion of realized gains on the TRS in tax-basis net investment income and the accretion of discount on the TRS. The following table sets forth a reconciliation between GAAP-basis net investment income and tax-basis net investment income during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

GAAP-basis net investment income

   $ 71,364      $ 9,392      $ 2,151   

Deferral and amortization of organizational costs

     (43     (43     (43

Tax accretion of discount on investments

     4,035        133        49   

Reversal of incentive fee accrual on unrealized gains

     (4,063     4,063        —     

GAAP realized gains on total return swap

     5,169        —          —     

Accretion of discount on total return swap

     346        —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Tax-basis net investment income

   $ 76,808      $ 13,545      $ 2,157   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The determination of the tax attributes of our distributions is made annually as of the end of our fiscal year based upon our taxable income for the full year and distributions paid for the full year. The actual tax characteristics of distributions to stockholders are reported to stockholders annually on a Form 1099-DIV.

The following table reflects the stock distributions per share that we have declared on our common stock to date:

 

Date Declared

   Record Date    Distribution Date    Distribution
Percentage
    Shares
Issued
 

Fiscal 2009

          

March 31, 2009

   March 31, 2009    March 31, 2009      1.4     13,818   

April 30, 2009

   April 30, 2009    April 30, 2009      3.0     42,661   

May 29, 2009

   May 29, 2009    May 29, 2009      3.7     79,125   

June 30, 2009

   June 30, 2009    June 30, 2009      3.5     96,976   

July 30, 2009

   July 31, 2009    July 31, 2009      3.1     117,219   

August 31, 2009

   August 31, 2009    August 31, 2009      3.0     148,072   

December 31, 2009

   December 31, 2009    December 31, 2009      0.5     49,710   

Fiscal 2010

          

January 28, 2010

   January 31, 2010    January 31, 2010      2.5     283,068   

The purpose of these special stock distributions was to maintain a net asset value per share that was below the then-current offering price, after deduction of selling commissions and dealer manager fees, as required by the 1940 Act, subject to certain limited exceptions. Our board of directors determined that our portfolio performance sufficiently warranted taking these actions.

The stock distributions increased the number of shares outstanding, thereby reducing our net asset value per share. However, because the stock distributions were issued to all stockholders in proportion to their current holdings, the reduction in net asset value per share as a result of the stock distributions was offset exactly by the increase in the number of shares owned by each investor. As overall value to an investor was not reduced as a result of the special stock distributions, our board of directors determined that these issuances would not be dilutive to existing stockholders. As the stock distributions did not change any stockholder’s proportionate interest in us, they did not represent taxable distributions.

 

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As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the components of accumulated earnings on a tax basis were as follows:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
         2011             2010      

Distributable ordinary income

   $ 2,145      $ 1,290   

Incentive fee accrual on unrealized gains

     —          (4,063

Accretion of discount on total return swap

     (346     —     

Unamortized organizational costs

     (515     (558

Unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments and total return swap and gain/loss on foreign currency(1)

     (19,917     17,885   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ (18,633   $ 14,554   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the gross unrealized appreciation on our investments was $27,769 and $20,136, respectively. As of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the gross unrealized depreciation on our investments and total return swap and loss on foreign currency was $47,686 and $2,251, respectively.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our financial statements are prepared in conformity with GAAP, which requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Critical accounting policies are those that require the application of management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often because of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and that may change in subsequent periods. In preparing the financial statements, management has made estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. In preparing the financial statements, management has utilized available information, including our past history, industry standards and the current economic environment, among other factors, in forming its estimates and judgments, giving due consideration to materiality. Actual results may differ from these estimates. In addition, other companies may utilize different estimates, which may impact the comparability of our results of operations to those of companies in similar businesses. As our expected operating plans occur we will describe additional critical accounting policies in the notes to our future financial statements in addition to those discussed below:

Valuation of Portfolio Investments

We determine the net asset value of our investment portfolio each quarter. Securities that are publicly-traded are valued at the reported closing price on the valuation date. Securities that are not publicly-traded are valued at fair value as determined in good faith by our board of directors. In connection with that determination, FB Advisor prepares portfolio company valuations using relevant inputs, including, but not limited to, indicative dealer quotes, values of like securities, recent portfolio company financial statements and forecasts, and valuations prepared by third-party valuation services.

Accounting Standards Codification Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure, or ASC Topic 820, issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or the FASB, clarifies the definition of fair value and requires companies to expand their disclosure about the use of fair value to measure assets and liabilities in interim and annual periods subsequent to initial recognition. ASC Topic 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received from the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC Topic 820 also establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, which includes inputs such as quoted prices for similar securities in

 

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active markets and quoted prices for identical securities where there is little or no activity in the market; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs for which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

With respect to investments for which market quotations are not readily available, we undertake a multi-step valuation process each quarter, as described below:

 

   

our quarterly valuation process begins with each portfolio company or investment being initially valued by FB Advisor’s management team, with such valuation potentially taking into account information received from our sub-adviser or an independent valuation firm, if applicable;

 

   

preliminary valuation conclusions are then documented and discussed with our valuation committee;

 

   

our valuation committee reviews the preliminary valuation and FB Advisor’s management team, together with our independent valuation firm, if applicable, responds and supplements the preliminary valuation to reflect any comments provided by the valuation committee; and

 

   

our board of directors discusses valuations and determines the fair value of each investment in our portfolio in good faith based on various statistical and other factors, including the input and recommendation of FB Advisor, the valuation committee and any third-party valuation firm, if applicable.

Determination of fair value involves subjective judgments and estimates. Accordingly, the notes to our consolidated financial statements refer to the uncertainty with respect to the possible effect of such valuations, and any change in such valuations on our consolidated financial statements. Below is a description of factors that our board of directors may consider when valuing our equity and debt investments.

Valuation of fixed income investments, such as loans and debt securities, depends upon a number of factors, including prevailing interest rates for like securities, expected volatility in future interest rates, call features, put features and other relevant terms of the debt. For investments without readily available market prices, we may incorporate these factors into discounted cash flow models to arrive at fair value. Other factors that our board of directors may consider include the borrower’s ability to adequately service its debt, the fair market value of the portfolio company in relation to the face amount of its outstanding debt and the quality of collateral securing our debt investments.

Our equity interests in portfolio companies for which there is no liquid public market are valued at fair value. Our board of directors, in its analysis of fair value, may consider various factors, such as multiples of EBITDA, cash flows, net income, revenues or, in limited instances, book value or liquidation value. All of these factors may be subject to adjustments based upon the particular circumstances of a portfolio company or our actual investment position. For example, adjustments to EBITDA may take into account compensation to previous owners or acquisition, recapitalization, restructuring or other related items.

Our board of directors may also look to private merger and acquisition statistics, public trading multiples discounted for illiquidity and other factors, valuations implied by third-party investments in the portfolio companies or industry practices in determining fair value. Our board of directors may also consider the size and scope of a portfolio company and its specific strengths and weaknesses, as well as any other factors it deems relevant in assessing the value. Generally, the value of our equity interests in public companies for which market quotations are readily available is based upon the most recent closing public market price. Portfolio securities that carry certain restrictions on sale are typically valued at a discount from the public market value of the security.

The fair values of our investments are determined in good faith by our board of directors. Our board of directors is solely responsible for the valuation of our portfolio investments at fair value as determined in good faith pursuant to our valuation policy and consistently applied valuation process.

 

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Our investments as of December 31, 2011 consisted primarily of debt securities that are traded on a private over-the-counter market for institutional investors. Except as described below, we valued our investments by using independent third-party pricing services, which provided prevailing bid and ask prices that were screened for validity by the service from dealers on the date of the relevant period end. Eleven senior secured loan investments and three subordinated debt investments, for which broker quotes were not available, were valued by an independent valuation firm, which determined the value of such investments by considering the borrower’s ability to adequately service its debt, prevailing interest rates for like investments, call features and other relevant terms of the debt. All of our equity/other investments were valued by the same independent valuation firm, which determined the value of such investments by considering various factors, such as multiples of EBITDA, cash flows, net income, revenues or, in limited instances, book value or liquidation value. Two senior secured loans and two subordinated debt investments, which were purchased near December 31, 2011, were valued at cost, as our board of directors determined that the cost of each investment was the best indication of its fair value. We valued the TRS in accordance with the TRS Agreement. Pursuant to the TRS Agreement, the loans underlying the TRS are valued based on quotes received from third-party dealers. The value of the TRS is based on the increase or decrease in the value of the loans underlying the TRS, together with accrued interest income, interest expense and certain other expenses incurred under the TRS.

Our investments as of December 31, 2010 consisted primarily of debt securities that traded on a private over-the-counter market for institutional investors. We valued our CLOs, CDOs and subordinated debt investments by obtaining bid and ask prices from independent dealers. We valued all of our other investments, including our senior secured bond investments, by using an independent third-party pricing service, which provided prevailing bid and ask prices that were screened for validity by the service from dealers on the date of the relevant period end.

We periodically benchmark the bid and ask prices we receive from the third-party pricing services against the actual prices at which we purchase and sell our investments. Based on the results of the benchmark analysis and our experience in purchasing and selling these investments, we believe that these prices are reliable indicators of fair value. However, because of the private nature of this marketplace (meaning actual transactions are not publicly reported), we believe that these valuation inputs are classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy. We may also use other methods to determine fair value for securities for which we cannot obtain prevailing bid and ask prices through third-party pricing services or independent dealers, including the use of an independent valuation firm. We periodically benchmark the valuations provided by the independent valuation firm against the actual prices at which we purchase and sell our investments. Our valuation committee and board of directors reviewed and approved the valuation determinations made with respect to these investments in a manner consistent with our valuation process.

Revenue Recognition

Security transactions are accounted for on the trade date. We record interest income on an accrual basis to the extent that we expect to collect such amounts. We record dividend income on the ex-dividend date. We do not accrue as a receivable interest or dividends on loans and securities if we have reason to doubt our ability to collect such income. Loan origination fees, original issue discount and market discount are capitalized, and we amortize such amounts as interest income over the respective term of the loan. Upon the prepayment of a loan or security, any unamortized loan origination fees are recorded as interest income. We record prepayment premiums on loans and securities as interest income when we receive such amounts.

Net Realized Gains or Losses, Net Change in Unrealized Appreciation or Depreciation and Net Change in Unrealized Gains or Losses on Foreign Currency

Gains or losses on the sale of investments are calculated by using the specific identification method. We measure realized gains or losses by the difference between the net proceeds from the repayment or sale and the amortized cost basis of the investment, without regard to unrealized appreciation or depreciation previously

 

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recognized, but considering unamortized upfront fees. Net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation reflects the change in portfolio investment values during the reporting period, including any reversal of previously recorded unrealized gains or losses when gains or losses are realized. Net change in unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency reflects the change in the value of receivables or accruals during the reporting period due to the impact of foreign currency fluctuations.

Capital Gains Incentive Fee

Pursuant to the terms of the investment advisory and administrative services agreement we entered into with FB Advisor, the incentive fee on capital gains earned on liquidated investments of our portfolio during operations prior to our liquidation is determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each calendar year. Such fee will equal 20.0% of our incentive fee capital gains (i.e., our realized capital gains on a cumulative basis from inception, calculated as of the end of each calendar year, net of all realized capital losses and unrealized capital depreciation on a cumulative basis), less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gains incentive fees. On a quarterly basis, we accrue for the capital gains incentive fee by calculating such fee as if it were due and payable as of the end of such period.

While the investment advisory and administrative services agreement with FB Advisor neither includes nor contemplates the inclusion of unrealized gains in the calculation of the capital gains incentive fee, pursuant to an interpretation of an American Institute for Certified Public Accountants, or AICPA, Technical Practice Aid for investment companies, commencing during the quarter ended December 31, 2010, we changed our methodology for accruing for this incentive fee to include unrealized gains in the calculation of the capital gains incentive fee expense and related capital gains incentive fee payable. This accrual reflects the incentive fees that would be payable to FB Advisor if our entire portfolio was liquidated at its fair value as of the balance sheet date even though FB Advisor is not entitled to an incentive fee with respect to unrealized gains unless and until such gains are actually realized. During the year ended December 31, 2011, we reversed $4,063 in capital gains incentive fees accrued by us during the year ended December 31, 2010 as a result of the unrealized losses incurred in our portfolio during the year ended December 31, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we accrued a capital gains incentive fee of $5,459 based on the performance of our portfolio, of which only $1,396 was based on realized gains and was payable to FB Advisor as of December 31, 2010. We paid $1,396 of such capital gains incentive fee during the year ended December 31, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we paid FB Advisor $173 in capital gains incentive fees earned during the year ended December 31, 2009.

Uncertainty in Income Taxes

We evaluate our tax positions to determine if the tax positions taken meet the minimum recognition threshold in connection with accounting for uncertainties in income tax positions taken or expected to be taken for the purposes of measuring and recognizing tax liabilities in the financial statements. Recognition of a tax benefit or liability with respect to an uncertain tax position is required only when the position is “more likely than not” to be sustained assuming examination by taxing authorities. We recognize interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax liabilities as income tax expense in the Statements of Operations. During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, we had not incurred any interest or penalties.

Contractual Obligations

We have entered into an agreement with FB Advisor to provide us with investment advisory and administrative services. Payments for investment advisory services under the investment advisory and administrative services agreement are equal to (a) an annual base management fee of 2.0% of the average value of our gross assets and (b) an incentive fee based on our performance. FB Advisor, and to the extent it is required to provide such services, our sub-adviser, will be reimbursed for administrative expenses incurred on our behalf. For the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, we incurred $27,791, $7,900 and $829, respectively, in base management fees and $2,625, $924 and $261, respectively, in administrative services expenses under the

 

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investment advisory and administrative services agreement. In addition, FB Advisor is eligible to receive incentive fees based on performance. During the year ended December 31, 2011, we reversed $4,063 in capital gains incentive fees accrued by us during the year ended December 31, 2010 as a result of the unrealized losses incurred in our portfolio during the year ended December 31, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we accrued a capital gains incentive fee of $5,459 based on the performance of our portfolio, of which only $1,396 was based on realized gains and was payable to FB Advisor under the investment advisory and administrative services agreement. We paid $1,396 of such capital gains incentive fee during the year ended December 31, 2011. During the years ended December 31, 2010, we paid FB Advisor $173 in capital gains incentive fees earned during the year ended December 31, 2009.

As of December 31, 2011, $340,000 was outstanding under the credit facility between Broad Street and Deutsche Bank. All such amounts will mature, and all accrued and unpaid interest thereunder will be due and payable, on March 23, 2013. As of December 31, 2011, Race Street had sold $300,000 in aggregate principal amount of Class A Notes to JPM under the JPM Facility for aggregate proceeds of $214,286. Race Street will, on a quarterly basis, repurchase the Class A Notes sold to JPM under the JPM Facility and subsequently resell such Class A Notes to JPM. The final repurchase transaction must occur no later than July 15, 2015.

A summary of our significant contractual payment obligations for the repayment of outstanding borrowings under the credit facility between Broad Street and Deutsche Bank and the JPM Facility between Race Street and JPM at December 31, 2011 is as follows:

 

     Payments Due By Period  
     Total      Less than 1 year      1-3 years      3-5 years      More than 5 years  

Borrowings of Broad Street(1)

   $ 340,000       $ 340,000         —           —           —     

Borrowings of Race Street(2)

     214,286         214,286         —           —           —     

 

(1) At December 31, 2011, no amounts remained unused under the credit facility.

 

(2) At December 31, 2011, $85,714 remained unused under the JPM Facility.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We currently have no off-balance sheet arrangements, including any risk management of commodity pricing or other hedging practices.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In January 2010, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2010-06, which provides additional guidance to improve disclosures regarding fair value measurements. This guidance requires two new disclosures: (1) transfers in and out of Level 1 and 2 measurements and the reasons for the transfers and (2) a gross presentation of activity within the Level 3 roll forward. The guidance also includes clarifications to existing disclosure requirements on the level of disaggregation and disclosures regarding inputs and valuation techniques. The guidance applies to all entities required to make disclosures about recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements. The effective date of this guidance was the first interim or annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the gross presentation of the Level 3 roll forward information, which is required for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2010 and for interim reporting periods within those years. The adoption of this guidance, including the gross presentation of the Level 3 roll forward information, did not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements or disclosures.

In May 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. This guidance represents the converged guidance of the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board, or, collectively, the Accounting Boards, on fair value measurement. The collective efforts of

 

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the Accounting Boards reflected in this guidance have resulted in common requirements for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements, including a consistent meaning of the term “fair value” and enhanced disclosure requirements for investments that do not have readily determinable fair values. The Accounting Boards have concluded the common requirements will result in greater comparability of fair value measurements presented and disclosed in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards. The amendments to the FASB codification in this guidance are to be applied prospectively. For public entities, the amendments are effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. Early application by public entities is not permitted. We are currently assessing the impact of this guidance on our consolidated financial statements.

Related Party Transactions

We have entered into an investment advisory and administrative services agreement with FB Advisor. Pursuant to the investment advisory and administrative services agreement, FB Advisor is paid a base management fee of 2% of average gross assets and an incentive fee of 20% of net investment income, subject to an annualized 8% hurdle, and 20% of net realized capital gains, if applicable. We commenced accruing fees under the investment advisory and administrative services agreement on January 2, 2009, upon the commencement of our operations. During the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, FB Advisor earned $27,791, $7,900 and $829, respectively, in base management fees. Management fees are paid on a quarterly basis in arrears. We paid $21,517, $5,039 and $392, respectively, of these fees during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009. As of December 31, 2011, there was $9,572 in management fees payable to FB Advisor.

We accrue for the capital gains incentive fee, which, if earned, is paid annually. We accrue the incentive fee based on net realized and unrealized gains. However, under the terms of our investment advisory and administrative services agreement, the fee payable to FB Advisor is based on realized gains and no such fee is payable with respect to unrealized gains unless and until such gains are actually realized. During the year ended December 31, 2011, we reversed $4,063 in capital gains incentive fees accrued by us as of December 31, 2010 as a result of unrealized losses incurred in our portfolio during the year ended December 31, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we accrued a capital gains incentive fee of $5,459 based on the performance of our portfolio, of which only $1,396 was based on realized gains and was payable to FB Advisor as of December 31, 2010. We paid $1,396 of such capital gains incentive fee during the year ended December 31, 2011. During the year ended December 31, 2010, we paid FB Advisor $173 in capital gains incentive fees earned during the year ended December 31, 2009.

We also reimburse FB Advisor for expenses necessary for its performance of services related to our administration and operation, provided that such reimbursement is equal to the lower of FB Advisor’s actual costs or the amount that we would be required to pay for comparable services in the same geographic location, and provided further that such costs are reasonably allocated to us on the basis of assets, revenues, time records or other reasonable methods. During the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, we incurred administrative services expenses of $2,625, $924 and $261, respectively, attributable to FB Advisor. Of these charges, $2,501, $908 and $257, respectively, related to the allocation of costs of administrative personnel for services provided to us by employees of FB Advisor and the remainder related to other reimbursable expenses. We paid FB Advisor $2,781, $710 and $165, respectively, for the services rendered under this arrangement during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009. As of December 31, 2011, there was $154 in administrative services expenses payable to FB Advisor.

Franklin Square Holdings funded offering costs and other expenses in the amount of $1,125, and $404 for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. We recorded these costs as a contribution to capital. The offering costs were offset against capital in excess of par on our financial statements and the other expenses were charged to expense as incurred. All offering costs for the year ended December 31, 2011 have been funded directly by us. We did not incur any organization costs during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

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The dealer manager for our public offering is FS2, which is one of our affiliates. During the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, FS2 retained $22,109, $5,435 and $1,295, respectively, for selling commissions and dealer manager fees in connection with the sale of our common stock.

Under the terms of the investment advisory and administrative services agreement, when our registration statement was declared effective by the SEC and we were successful in raising gross proceeds from unrelated outside investors of at least $2,500, or the minimum offering requirement, FB Advisor became entitled to receive 1.5% of gross proceeds raised until all offering costs and organization costs funded by FB Advisor or its affiliates (including Franklin Square Holdings) have been recovered. On January 2, 2009, we exceeded the minimum offering requirement. We paid total reimbursements of $641, $1,678 and $1,418, respectively, to FB Advisor and its affiliates during the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009. As of December 31, 2011, no amounts were payable to FB Advisor and its affiliates under this arrangement. The reimbursements are recorded as a reduction of capital.

FB Advisor’s senior management team is comprised of the same personnel as the senior management team of FS Investment Advisor, LLC and FSIC II Advisor, LLC, the investment advisers to Franklin Square Holdings’ other affiliated BDCs, FS Energy and Power Fund and FS Investment Corporation II, respectively. As a result, such personnel provide investment advisory services to us and each of FS Energy and Power Fund and FS Investment Corporation II. While none of FB Advisor, FS Investment Advisor, LLC or FSIC II Advisor, LLC is currently making private corporate debt investments for clients other than us, FS Energy and Power Fund and FS Investment Corporation II, respectively, any, or all, may do so in the future. In the event that FB Advisor undertakes to provide investment advisory services to other clients in the future, it intends to allocate investment opportunities in a fair and equitable manner consistent with our investment objectives and strategies, if necessary, so that we will not be disadvantaged in relation to any other client of FB Advisor or its management team. In addition, even in the absence of FB Advisor retaining additional clients, it is possible that some investment opportunities may be provided to FS Energy and Power Fund and/or FS Investment Corporation II rather than to us.

Beginning on February 26, 2009, Franklin Square Holdings agreed to reimburse us for expenses in an amount that was sufficient to ensure that, for tax purposes, our net investment income and net capital gains were equal to or greater than the cumulative distributions paid to our stockholders in each quarter. This arrangement was designed to ensure that no portion of our distributions would represent a return of capital for our stockholders. Under this arrangement, Franklin Square Holdings had no obligation to reimburse any portion of our expenses.

Pursuant to the expense reimbursement agreement entered into on March 13, 2012, Franklin Square Holdings has agreed to reimburse us for expenses in an amount that is sufficient to ensure that no portion of our distributions to stockholders will be paid from our offering proceeds or borrowings. However, because certain investments we may make, including preferred and common equity investments, may generate dividends and other distributions to us that are treated for tax purposes as a return of capital, a portion of our distributions to stockholders may also be deemed to constitute a return of capital for tax purposes to the extent that we may use such dividends or other distribution proceeds to fund our distributions to stockholders. Under those circumstances, Franklin Square Holdings will not reimburse us for the portion of such distributions to stockholders that represent a return of capital for tax purposes, as the purpose of the expense reimbursement arrangement is not to prevent tax-advantaged distributions to stockholders.

Under the expense reimbursement agreement, Franklin Square Holdings will reimburse us for expenses in an amount equal to the difference between our cumulative distributions paid to our stockholders in each quarter, less the sum of our net investment income for tax purposes, net capital gains and dividends and other distributions paid to us on account of preferred and common equity investments in portfolio companies (to the extent such amounts are not included in net investment income or net capital gains for tax purposes) in each quarter.

 

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Pursuant to the expense reimbursement agreement, we will have a conditional obligation to reimburse Franklin Square Holdings for any amounts funded by Franklin Square Holdings under such agreement if (and only to the extent that), during any fiscal quarter occurring within three years of the date on which Franklin Square Holdings funded such amount, the sum of our net investment income for tax purposes, net capital gains and the amount of any dividends and other distributions paid to us on account of preferred and common equity investments in portfolio companies (to the extent not included in net investment income or net capital gains for tax purposes) exceeds the distributions paid by us to stockholders. The expense reimbursement agreement does not apply to any amounts funded by Franklin Square Holdings prior to the date of such agreement.

We or Franklin Square Holdings may terminate the expense reimbursement agreement at any time. If we terminate the investment advisory and administrative services agreement with FB Advisor, we will be required to repay Franklin Square Holdings all reimbursements funded by Franklin Square Holdings within three years of the date of termination.

The specific amount of expenses reimbursed by Franklin Square Holdings, if any, will be determined at the end of each quarter. During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, we received no reimbursements from Franklin Square Holdings. During the year ended December 31, 2009, the reimbursements from Franklin Square Holdings totaled $240. We do not expect that conditions will require Franklin Square Holdings to provide reimbursements in the future. Franklin Square Holdings is controlled by our chairman, president and chief executive officer, Michael Forman, and our vice-chairman, David Adelman. There can be no assurance that the expense reimbursement agreement will remain in effect or that Franklin Square Holdings will reimburse any portion of our expenses in future quarters.

Recent Developments

For the period from January 1, 2012 to March 29, 2012, we have sold 42,824,501 shares of our common stock for gross proceeds of $452,743 at an average price per share of $10.57.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are subject to financial market risks, including changes in interest rates. As of December 31, 2011, 23.5% of our portfolio investments (based on fair value) paid fixed interest rates and the remainder paid variable interest rates. A rise in the general level of interest rates can be expected to lead to higher interest rates applicable to our debt investments, especially to the extent that we predominantly hold variable rate investments, and to declines in the value of any fixed rate investments we hold. Accordingly, an increase in interest rates would make it easier for us to meet or exceed our incentive fee preferred return, as defined in the investment advisory and administrative services agreement we have entered into with FB Advisor, and may result in a substantial increase in our net investment income, and also to the amount of incentive fees payable to FB Advisor with respect to our increased pre-incentive fee net investment income.

Pursuant to the terms of the credit facility which Broad Street maintains with Deutsche Bank, Broad Street borrows at a floating rate based on LIBOR. Under the terms of the TRS between Arch Street and Citibank, Arch Street pays fees to Citibank at a floating rate based on LIBOR in exchange for the right to receive the economic benefit of a pool of loans having a maximum notional amount of $515,000. Pursuant to the terms of the financing arrangement with JPM, borrowings under the Revolving Credit Agreement, pricing of repurchase transactions under the JPM Facility and interest on the Class A Notes are all subject to a floating rate based on LIBOR. We expect any future credit facilities, total return swap agreements or other financing arrangements that we or any of our subsidiaries may enter into will also be based on a floating interest rate. As a result, we are subject to risks relating to changes in market interest rates. In periods of rising interest rates when we or our subsidiaries have debt outstanding or swap agreements in effect, our interest expense would increase, which could reduce our net investment income, especially to the extent we hold fixed rate investments.

 

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The following table shows the effect over a twelve month period of changes in interest rates on our interest income, interest expense and net interest income, assuming no changes in our investment portfolio and borrowing arrangements in effect as of December 31, 2011:

 

LIBOR Basis Point Change

   Interest
Income(1)
     Interest
Expense
    Net Interest
Income
 

Down 55 basis points

   $ 202,167       $ (17,925   $ 184,242   

Up 100 basis points

     204,645         (23,412     181,233   

Up 200 basis points

     219,503         (28,899     190,604   

Up 300 basis points

     235,655         (34,387     201,268   

 

(1) Includes the net effect of the change in interest rates on the unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on the TRS. Assumes no defaults or prepayments by portfolio companies over the next twelve months.

We expect that our long-term investments will be financed primarily with equity and long-term debt. If deemed prudent, we may use interest rate risk management techniques in an effort to minimize our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. These techniques may include various interest rate hedging activities to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. Adverse developments resulting from changes in interest rates or hedging transactions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. During the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, we did not engage in interest rate hedging activities.

In addition, we may have risk regarding portfolio valuation. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Critical Accounting Policies—Valuation of Portfolio Investments.”

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

Index to Financial Statements

 

     Page  

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

     91   

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     92   

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     93   

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2011 and 2010

     94   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

     95   

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

     96   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009

     97   

Consolidated Schedules of Investments as of December 31, 2011 and 2010

     98   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     108   

 

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MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. In connection with the preparation of our annual financial statements, management has conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework set forth in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”). Management’s assessment included an evaluation of the design of our internal control over financial reporting and testing of the operational effectiveness of those controls. Based on this evaluation, we have concluded that, as of December 31, 2011, our internal control over financial reporting was effective to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

FS Investment Corporation

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

We have audited FS Investment Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. FS Investment Corporation’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (a) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (b) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (c) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, FS Investment Corporation maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of FS Investment Corporation, including the consolidated schedules of investments as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in net assets and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011 and our report dated March 30, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion.

/s/ McGladrey & Pullen, LLP

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

March 30, 2012

 

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

FS Investment Corporation

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of FS Investment Corporation (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, including the consolidated schedules of investments, as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in net assets and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our procedures included confirmation of securities owned as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 by correspondence with the custodians, or by other auditing procedures. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of FS Investment Corporation as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2011 in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

As explained in Note 7, the consolidated financial statements include investments valued at approximately $1,844,358,000 (123.1% of net assets) and approximately $733,580,000 (188.4% of net assets) as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively, whose fair values have been determined by the Company in the absence of readily ascertainable fair values.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), FS Investment Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated March 30, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of FS Investment Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ McGladrey & Pullen, LLP

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

March 30, 2012

 

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FS Investment Corporation

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

     December 31,  
     2011     2010  

Assets

    

Investments, at fair value (amortized cost—$1,862,279 and $715,514, respectively)

   $ 1,844,358      $ 733,580   

Cash

     210,714        38,790   

Due from counterparty

     69,684        —     

Receivable for investments sold and repaid

     1,404        5,162   

Interest receivable

     16,535        3,632   

Deferred financing costs

     551        835   

Receivable due on total return swap(1)

     548        —     

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     431        6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 2,144,225      $ 782,005   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities

    

Unrealized loss on total return swap(1)

   $ 1,996      $ —     

Payable for investments purchased

     64,367        81,800   

Credit facility payable

     340,000        297,201   

Repurchase agreement payable(2)

     214,286        —     

Stockholder distributions payable

     10,543        2,556   

Management fees payable

     9,572        3,298   

Capital gains incentive fee payable(3)

     —          5,459   

Administrative services expense payable

     154        310   

Reimbursements payable

     —          641   

Interest payable

     2,525        883   

Other accrued expenses and liabilities

     1,890        625   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     645,333        392,773   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

    

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

     —          —     

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 450,000,000 shares authorized, 160,390,540 and 41,332,661 shares issued and outstanding, respectively(4)

     160        41   

Capital in excess of par value

     1,517,365        374,637   

Accumulated undistributed net realized gains on investments

     —          1,290   

Accumulated undistributed (distributions in excess of) net investment income(5)

     1,284        (4,802

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments and total return swap and gain/loss on foreign currency(1)

     (19,917     18,066   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     1,498,892        389,232   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 2,144,225      $ 782,005   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net asset value per common share at year end

   $ 9.35      $ 9.42   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) See Note 8 for a discussion of the Company’s total return swap agreement.

 

(2) See Note 12 for a discussion of the Company’s repurchase transaction.

 

(3) See Note 2 for a discussion of the methodology employed by the Company in calculating the capital gains incentive fee.

 

(4) As discussed in Note 5, between March 31, 2009 and January 31, 2010, the Company issued eight stock distributions. The outstanding shares and net asset value per common share for the year ended December 31, 2010 reflect these stock distributions on a retroactive basis.

 

(5) See Note 5 for a discussion of the source of distributions paid by the Company.

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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FS Investment Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Investment Income

      

Interest income

   $ 115,484      $ 30,670      $ 4,420   

Operating expenses

      

Management fees

     27,791        7,900        829   

Capitals gains incentive fees(1)

     (4,063     5,459        173   

Administrative services expenses

     2,625        924        261   

Stock transfer agent fees

     2,028        890        265   

Accounting and administrative fees

     878        568        326   

Interest expense

     11,334        3,881        —     

Other general and administrative expenses

     3,527        1,656        655   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     44,120        21,278        2,509   

Less: Expense reimbursement from sponsor(2)

     —          —          (240
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net operating expenses

     44,120        21,278        2,269   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net investment income

     71,364        9,392        2,151   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Realized and unrealized gain/loss

      

Net realized gain on investments

     14,920        9,081        1,030   

Net realized gain on total return swap(3)

     5,169        —          —     

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments

     (35,987     9,809        8,275   

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on total return swap(3)

     (1,996     —          —     

Net change in unrealized gain/loss on foreign currency

     —          (18     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net realized and unrealized gain/loss on investments

     (17,894     18,872        9,305   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 53,470      $ 28,264      $ 11,456   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per share information—basic and diluted

      

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 0.57      $ 1.21      $ 2.57   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding(4)

     93,372,289        23,283,593        4,465,071   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) See Note 2 for a discussion of the methodology employed by the Company in calculating the capital gains incentive fee.

 

(2) See Note 4 for a discussion of expense reimbursements received by the Company from its sponsor.

 

(3) See Note 8 for a discussion of the Company’s total return swap agreement.

 

(4) As discussed in Note 5, between March 31, 2009 and January 31, 2010, the Company issued eight stock distributions. The weighted average shares used in the per share computation of the net increase in net assets resulting from operations for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 reflect these stock distributions on a retroactive basis.

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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FS Investment Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Net Assets

(in thousands)

 

 

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Operations

      

Net investment income

   $ 71,364      $ 9,392      $ 2,151   

Net realized gain on investments and total return swap(1)

     20,089        9,081        1,030   

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments

     (35,987     9,809        8,275   

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on total return swap(1)

     (1,996     —          —     

Net change in unrealized gain/loss on foreign currency

     —          (18     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

     53,470        28,264        11,456   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholder distributions(2)

      

Distributions from net investment income

     (74,663     (13,545     (2,157

Distributions from net realized gain on investments

     (11,994     (7,844     (977
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net decrease in net assets resulting from stockholder distributions

     (86,657     (21,389     (3,134
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Capital share transactions

      

Issuance of common stock

     1,116,691        285,916        84,787   

Reinvestment of stockholder distributions

     37,241        8,252        490   

Repurchases of common stock

     (4,416     (2,143     —     

Offering costs

     (6,669     (1,671     (387

Reimbursement of investment adviser(3)

     —          (2,319     (1,418

Capital contributions of investment adviser

     —          1,125        404   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase in net assets resulting from capital share transactions

     1,142,847        289,160        83,876   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total increase in net assets

     1,109,660        296,035        92,198   

Net assets at beginning of year

     389,232        93,197        999   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net assets at end of year

   $ 1,498,892      $ 389,232      $ 93,197   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) See Note 8 for a discussion of the Company’s total return swap agreement.

 

(2) See Note 5 for a discussion of the source of distributions paid by the Company.

 

(3) See Note 4 for a discussion of reimbursements paid by the Company to its investment adviser and affiliates.

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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FS Investment Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

 

 

 

     December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Cash flows from operating activities

      

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

   $ 53,470