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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC  20549
____________________________________
 
FORM 10-K
 
ý
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
 
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2011
 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
 
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________ to _________.

Commission File Number: 000-26658
 
Pharmacyclics, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
94-3148201
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
995 E. Arques Avenue, Sunnyvale, CA
94085-4521
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (408) 774-0330
____________________________________
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange On Which Registered
Common Stock, $.0001 Par Value
 
Nasdaq Capital Market
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
(Title of Class)
 
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  o  No x
 
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  o  No x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x   No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files) Yes o    No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendments to this Form 10-K. o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  Check one:
 
Large accelerated filer  o   Accelerated filer x   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  o  No x

 
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was $279,356,921 based on the closing sale price of the Registrant's common stock on The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC on the last business day of the Registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter.  Shares of the Registrant's common stock beneficially owned by each executive officer and director of the Registrant and by each person known by the Registrant to beneficially own 10% or more of its outstanding common stock have been excluded, in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes. The number of outstanding shares of the Registrant’s common stock as of August 31, 2011 was 68,400,558.
____________________________________
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Portions of the following document are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K:  the Definitive Proxy Statement for the Registrant’s 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the Registrant’s fiscal year.
 
 
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
TABLE OF CONTENTS

     
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Important Factors Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
This report contains forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “possible,” “potential,” “predict,” “should” or “will” or the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology. In particular, forward-looking statements include:
 
·  
statements about our future capital requirements and the sufficiency of our cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities and other financing proceeds to meet these requirements;
 
·  
information concerning possible or assumed future results of operations, trends in financial results and business plans;
 
·  
statements about our product development schedule;
 
·  
statements about our expectations for and timing of regulatory approvals for any of our product candidates;
 
·  
statements about the level of our expected costs and operating expenses;
 
· 
statements about the potential results of ongoing or future clinical trials;
 
· 
other statements about our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions; and
 
· 
other statements that are not historical fact.
 
From time to time, we also may provide oral or written forward-looking statements in other materials we release to the public. Forward-looking statements are only predictions that provide our current expectations or forecasts of future events. Any or all of our forward-looking statements in this report and in any other public statements are subject to unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, performance or achievements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.
 
We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K. Also note that we provide a cautionary discussion of risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors relevant to our business under the caption Risk Factors and elsewhere in this report. These are risks that we think could cause our actual results to differ materially from expected or historical results.
 
 
Business
 
Company Overview
 
We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing innovative small-molecule drugs for the treatment of cancer and immune mediated diseases. Our mission and goal is to build a viable biopharmaceutical company that designs, develops and commercializes novel therapies intended to improve quality of life, increase duration of life and resolve serious unmet medial healthcare needs.  We identify promising product candidates using our scientific development expertise, develop our products in a rapid, cost-efficient manner and pursue commercialization and/or development partners when and where appropriate.
 
In 2006, we acquired multiple small molecule drug candidates for the treatment of cancer and other diseases from Celera Genomics, an Applera Corporation business (now Celera Corporation - a subsidiary of Quest Diagnostics Incorporated), including technology and intellectual property relating to drugs that target histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes, selective HDAC enzymes, a Factor VIIa inhibitor targeting a tumor signaling pathway involved in angiogenesis, tumor growth and metastases, and B-cell associated tyrosine kinase inhibitors potentially useful for the treatment of lymphomas and autoimmune diseases.   Since that time we have advanced these programs by bringing several product candidates into clinical development.
 
Presently, we have three product candidates in clinical development and several preclinical molecules in lead optimization. We are committed to high standards of ethics, scientific rigor, and operational efficiency as we move each of these programs to viable commercialization.  To date, substantially all of our resources have been dedicated to the research and development of our products, and we have not generated any commercial revenues from the sale of our products.  We do not anticipate the generation of any product commercial revenues until we receive the necessary regulatory and marketing approvals to launch one of our products.
 
We are headquartered in Sunnyvale, California and are listed on NASDAQ under the symbol PCYC. To learn more about how Pharmacyclics advances science to improve human healthcare visit us at http://www.pharmacyclics.com.  Information found on our website is not incorporated by reference into this report.
 
Our Pipeline
 
Our clinical development and product candidates are small-molecule enzyme inhibitors designed to target key biochemical pathways involved in human diseases with critical unmet needs.  We currently have three proprietary drug candidates under clinical development and several preclinical lead molecules.  This includes: an inhibitor of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (Btk) (PCI-32765) currently in Phase II studies in hematologic malignancies; a Btk inhibitor lead optimization program targeting autoimmune indications, an inhibitor of Factor VIIa (PCI-27483) in a Phase II clinical trial in pancreatic cancer and a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor (PCI-24781) currently in Phase I and II clinical trials in solid tumors and hematological malignancies.
 
 
Status of Products in Pre-Clinical and Clinical Development
 
The table below summarizes our pre-clinical programs and clinical product candidates and their stage of development:
 
 
Product Candidates
 
 
Disease Indication
 
 
Development Status(1)
PCI-32765
Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase (Btk)  Inhibitor
 
B-cell lymphomas:
·  chronic lymphocytic leukemia
·  mantle cell lymphoma
·  diffuse large B cell lymphoma
 
Multiple myeloma
 
 
Multiple Phase II trials – enrolling
 
 
 
 
Phase II - in preparation
 
Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase (Btk) Inhibitor lead optimization program
 
 
Autoimmune disease
 
Lead optimization and preclinical testing
PCI-27483
Factor VIIa Inhibitor
 
 
Pancreatic cancer
 
Phase II – enrolling
PCI-24781
HDAC Inhibitor
 
 
Recurrent lymphomas
Soft tissue sarcoma
 
Phase II – enrolling
Phase I/II – enrolling
HDAC8 Inhibitor Program
 
 
Cancer
 
Lead optimization and preclinical testing

(1)
“Phase I” means initial human clinical trials designed to establish the safety, dose tolerance, pharmacokinetics (i.e. absorption, metabolism, excretion), and pharmacodynamics (i.e. surrogate markers for activity) of a compound. “Phase II” means human clinical trials designed to establish safety, optimal dosage and preliminary activity of a compound in a patient population. “Preclinical” means the stage of drug development prior to human clinical trials in which a molecule is optimized for “drug like” properties and evaluated for efficacy, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety.
 
Our Drug Development Programs
 
Btk Inhibitor Program
 
We are pioneering the development of orally bioavailable inhibitors of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (Btk), a signaling protein that is critically important for the activity of B cells (cells that can develop into antibody producing cells). When B cells are overactive, the immune system can produce antibodies that begin to attack the body’s own tissue, leading to autoimmune diseases. Also, B-cell lymphomas and leukemias, which are common blood cancers, result from mutations acquired during B-cell development that lead to uncontrolled B-cell proliferation. Both autoimmune diseases and B-cell malignancies are thought to be driven by overactive signaling and activation of the B-cell antigen receptor, a process that is dependent on Btk.
 
We have development programs for B-cell malignancies and autoimmune diseases. For malignant indications we have developed PCI-32765, which has demonstrated clinical activity and tolerability in Phase I and Phase II clinical trials in a variety of B-cell malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and a number of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) subtypes. CLL, mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), follicular lymphoma (FL), diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and multiple myeloma (MM) are specific indications of our current or planned Phase II development. We are currently optimizing inhibitors of Btk for autoimmune diseases.
 
 

 
Pharmacodynamic Probe Assay
 
We have developed an assay to measure occupancy of Btk in PBMCs (described in Honigberg et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2010; 107: 13075-80) using a cell-permeable fluorescently-labeled derivative of PCI-32765.  This probe assay has demonstrated full occupancy of Btk by PCI-32765 in cancer patients at 4 and 24 hours post-dose beginning at the 2.5 mg/kg dose level, at AUC >200ng hr/mL.  See below for an example of probe assay data from a clinical trial patient.
 
 
Mechanism of Action
 
PCI-32765 is a potent and selective small molecule inhibitor of Btk, a signaling kinase expressed in B cells that functions downstream of the B cell antigen receptor (BCR). Selective inhibition of Btk by PCI-32765 blocks B-cell receptor signaling and prevents B cell activation (Honigberg et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2010; 107: 13075-80).  PCI-32765 binds irreversibly to the active site of Btk, thereby inhibiting the activity of Btk (IC50 of 0.5 nM). Importantly, as Btk is not found in T cells, in vitro application of PCI-32765 to T cells shows that PCI-32765 does not affect T-cell function. PCI-32765 is a selective inhibitor and does not appear to bind to other cellular proteins, with few exceptions, as strongly and as rapidly as it does to Btk.  In humans, the levels of PCI-32765 in the blood are reduced by half within 1.5 to 2.5 hours.  The unique combination of irreversible binding and rapid elimination reduces the likelihood of “off-target” effects of PCI-32765.  This has clinical relevance, as often off-target interactions contribute to the toxicity of drugs.
 
 
Several lines of evidence suggest that signaling through the BCR pathway is necessary to sustain the viability of B-cell lymphomas, and Btk recently was identified in an siRNA screen as an essential kinase for survival in a subset of diffuse large cell lymphomas driven by activated BCR.  In these cells, chronic active BCR signaling drives constitutive NF-κB signaling blocking apoptosis; blocking Btk with PCI-32765 was shown to promote apoptosis in these cells (Davis et al., Nature, 2010;  463: 88-94).
 
In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), multiple studies have documented evidence of enhanced BCR signaling, especially in patients with IgVH unmutated disease or those with increased ZAP-70 expression.  We have recently published a detailed study demonstrating that PCI-32765 promotes apoptosis, inhibits proliferation, and also prevents CLL cells from responding to survival stimuli provided by the microenvironment (Herman et al, Blood, 2011; 117:6287-6296). In this study, treatment of CD40 or BCR activated CLL cells with PCI-32765 resulted in inhibition of Btk tyrosine phosphorylation and also effectively abrogated downstream survival pathways activated by this kinase including ERK1/2, PI3K, and NF-κB.  Additionally, PCI-32765 inhibited activation-induced proliferation of CLL cells in vitro, effectively blocking survival signals provided externally to CLL cells from the microenvironment including soluble factors (CD40L, BAFF, IL-6, IL-4, and TNF-α), fibronectin engagement and stromal cell contact.
 
Btk Inhibitor PCI-32765 Clinical Development Update
 
At the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO),  we presented interim results of our Phase IB/II study in CLL/SLL patients. The presentation included interim data from a single-agent, multi-cohort study evaluating PCI-32765 in CLL/SLL patients with relapsed/ refractory disease or with treatment-naive disease, who were 65 years of age or older.  A daily oral dose of 420mg was tested initially, and an additional cohort of patients with relapsed/ refractory disease treated with 840mg daily was enrolled following closure of the 420mg QD relapsed/ refractory cohort. This group of patients had a shorter median follow-up time and was included only for initial response assessment and summary safety data.
 
As described in this ASCO presentation, PCI-32765 was well-tolerated overall; discontinuation of treatment for adverse events occurred in 3 of 83 patients. Diarrhea, nausea/ vomiting, and dyspepsia were the most frequently reported events and were typically of modest severity. Significant neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were uncommon in the 420mg qD cohorts, but more frequently observed (18%, 9% respectively) in the 840mg qD cohort in spite of the shorter follow-up. As previously reported, a characteristic pattern of response occurred in the CLL patients, with rapid reduction of lymph node disease and a corresponding initial phase of lymphocytosis. The resolution of lymphocytosis was more rapid in treatment-naive versus relapsed/ refractory patients, corresponding to a more rapid evolution of overall response per standard criteria in treatment-naive patients. At a median follow-up of 6.3 months, 67% of patients with treatment-naive disease had achieved an overall objective response by standard criteria, with an additional 19% of patients achieving a nodal response (a reduction of lymph node disease). At a median follow-up of 7.8 months in the cohort of relapsed/ refractory patients treated with 420mg qD, the rate of overall objective response was 48% with an additional 41% of patients having achieved a nodal response. The initial response assessment at 2 months in patients with relapsed/ refractory disease appeared similar between the 420mg qD and 840mg qD doses. Additionally, achieving response appeared to be independent of poor-risk features, such as del (17p), del (11q), and lack of mutation in the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene. Through June 30, 2011, three patients have experienced disease progression, and 81% of relapsed/ refractory patients in the more mature 420mg qD cohort are on treatment and free-of-progression at 6 months.
 
 
At the 11th International Conference on Malignant Lymphomas in Lugano, Switzerland in June, 2011, we reported an update on our Phase IA trial of PCI-32765 in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies. No significant changes in the safety profile have emerged with longer follow-up of this trial. Low-grade diarrhea, fatigue, cough, nausea, and headache were the most frequently reported adverse events; significant neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were uncommon. With longer follow-up, the objective response rate in evaluable patients with CLL/SLL (now 11/14, 79%) and follicular lymphoma (now 6/13, 46%) improved as compared to December 2010. Twenty-two patients remain on the treatment, including five of the nine mantle cell lymphoma patients enrolled in the study.  Objective response rates in MCL and DLBCL were also reported, with MCL at 78% (7 out of 9 patients, with an additional 1 with stable disease on treatment greater than 20 months) and DLBCL at 23% (2 out of 7 patients).
 
In August 2011, we entered into a five-year Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to collaborate on the development of PCI-32765.  Under the Agreement, the NCI's Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis plans to sponsor Phase I and Phase II trials of PCI-32765 in various hematologic malignancies.
 
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia / Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
 
Two ongoing studies, initiated in calendar Q1 2011, are evaluating PCI-32765 in combination with standard therapies for CLL/SLL (PCI-32765 in combination with ofatumumab (PCYC-1109) or with bendamustine and rituximab (PCYC-1108). We expect to be able to analyze initial 3-month safety data for the combinations being evaluated in these studies before the end of calendar 2011.
 
Based on the significant single-agent activity demonstrated in CLL/SLL from the Phase I and Phase II trials, and contingent upon the demonstration of safety of combining PCI-32765 with other commonly used CLL regimens, Phase III planning is currently underway.
 
Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL)
 
In February 2011 a Phase II study of single-agent PCI-32765 in relapsed or refractory MCL (PCYC-1104) began enrollment. We submitted an abstract for presentation at the 2011 American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting  (San Diego, CA, December 10 – 13). Based on the significant single-agent activity demonstrated in MCL from the Phase IA trial and contingent upon the ongoing analysis of the Phase II trial, Phase III planning is currently underway.
 
Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL)
 
A multicenter, open-label, Phase II study of PCI-32765 in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL (PCYC-1106) began enrollment in Q2 2011. This study is designed to assess the activity of PCI-32765 in two genetically distinct subtypes of DLBCL, the activated B-cell (ABC) subtype and the germinal center (GC) subtype. Other trials evaluating the combination of PCI-32765 with chemotherapy in DLBCL are under development.
 
A separate pilot study of PCI-32765 in 10 patients with ABC subtype DLBCL is currently being conducted at the NIH Clinical Center. A preliminary analysis of this study has been submitted for presentation at the 2011 American Society of Hematology Annual (San Diego, CA, December 10 – 13).
 
 
Follicular Lymphoma (FL)
 
We are encouraged by the preliminary signals from our Phase IA trial and are currently developing a Phase II program in this histology.
 
Multiple Myeloma (MM)
 
Ongoing pre-clinical studies, both internally as well as through external collaborations, have suggested a vital role for Btk in both malignant plasma cells and osteoclasts, the principal effectors of the bone complications of this disease. Based on this preclinical data, we believe that Btk represents a viable therapeutic target in MM, and we are currently developing a Phase II trial of PCI-32765 in MM.
 
PCI-32765 Patents
 
PCI-32765 and other Btk inhibitors (as compounds, in pharmaceutical compositions, PD markers, methods, and in uses for treating a variety of diseases) are covered by US patent applications (issued and pending) and PCT national phase patent applications in fifteen ex-US  jurisdictions, including Europe, Canada, Mexico, Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia, Brazil, etc. The projected expiration of global coverage is through December 2026 and beyond, excluding patent term extensions in the various territories which can be up to five years.
 
Btk Inhibitor Market Opportunity
 
There are significant and distinct areas of unmet medical need across the NHL subtypes.  Within the indolent lymphomas, we believe a need exists for active therapies that avoid the toxicities typically seen with conventional chemotherapies. Such active therapies are needed as part of effective combinations early in the course of treatment, and also as effective single-agent treatments later in the course of disease progression.  In particular, drugs which are well tolerated and which do not limit subsequent treatment options because of bone marrow or other organ toxicity are demanded.  In the aggressive lymphomas, it is our belief that the need exists for agents that can combine with standard therapies to improve cure rate, and for agents that are effective in patients that fail potentially curative therapy.
 
In the major pharmaceutical markets in the US, Europe and Japan, Decision Resources, Inc. estimates the following for 2011: There are 305,440 prevalent cases living with DLBCL, with 50,180 patients estimated to be in the first line setting and 34,320 patients estimated to be in the relapsed/refractory setting. Prevalence is defined as people living with a history of the disease at a particular point in time.  CLL/SLL constitutes about one-third of the B-cell malignancy population. There are 172,630 prevalent cases living with CLL, with 39,390 patients estimated to be in the first line setting and 33,550 patients estimated to be in the relapsed/refractory CLL setting. Follicular lymphoma (FL) constitutes about 20% of the B-cell malignancy population and is considered an indolent, yet incurable, disease. There are 136,450 prevalent cases living with FL, with 21,050 patients estimated to be in the first line setting and 14,270 patients estimated to be in the relapsed/refractory setting.  MCL, generally an aggressive form of lymphoma, comprises approximately 5% of the newly diagnosed B-cell malignancies. There are 32,180 prevalent cases living with MCL, with 5,300 patients estimated to be in the first line setting and 4,140 patients estimated to be in the relapsed/refractory setting.
 
There are many distinct substypes of B-cell malignancies; the common ones include the following: follicular lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and mantle cell lymphoma.  The NHL therapy market will experience robust annual growth (7.6% per year) and more than double in size over the years 2009-2019 from approximately $4.1 billion in 2009 to approximately $8.4 billion in 2019, as forecasted by Decision Resources, Inc. in the Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Onks Study, April 2001.
 
 
Btk Inhibitor for Autoimmune Diseases Pre-Clinical Development
 
In animal models of rheumatoid arthritis, we have observed that oral administration of Btk inhibitors leads to regression of established disease.   Currently we are working on a second series of patented Btk inhibitors with the goal of optimizing the molecules for potency, pharmacokinetics, and safety.  In March 2011 we stopped further advancement of our previous preclinical development molecule, PCI-45292, following the results from preclinical toxicology studies.  PCI-45292 was characterized as having increased selectivity for Btk inhibition, a reduced potential for off-target protein binding, and improved metabolic stability.  Also, as shown in the figure below, PCI-45292 ameliorated inflammation in collagen-induced arthritis models at very low doses. Therefore we believe that 2nd generation Btk compounds like PCI-45292 have the required characteristics to become a new oral disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD).
 
PCI-45292 completely suppresses arthritic inflammation in a Collagen-induced Arthritis Model
 
 

Factor VIIa Inhibitor Program
 
Factor VIIis aproteolytic enzyme that becomes activated (FVIIa) by binding to the cell surface protein tissue factor (TF). TF is over expressed in many cancers including gastric, breast, colon, lung, prostate, ovarian, and pancreatic cancers. In these tumors, the FVIIa/TF complex induces intracellular signaling pathways by activating PAR-2. This in turn increases the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), two proteins that play an important role in tumor growth and metastases as well as angiogenesis. FVIIa also initiates the coagulation processes implicated in the high incidence of thromboembolic complications seen in cancer patients. Thromboembolic events are a major cause of death in patients with cancer, and anticoagulant treatment has been shown to improve survival in a variety of cancers (Klerk et al. JCO. 2005).
 

 
 
PCI-27483 Factor VIIa Inhibitor
 
Our Factor VIIa inhibitor PCI-27483 is a novel first-in-human small molecule inhibitor that selectively targets FVIIa. As an inhibitor of FVIIa, PCI-27483 has two potential mechanisms of action: 1) inhibition of intracellular signaling involved in tumor growth and metastases and 2) inhibition of early coagulation processes associated with thromboembolism.
 
 
PCI-27483 Anti-Tumor Effects in a Pancreatic Tumor Xenograft Model
 
Preclinical studies have shown PCI-27483 to significantly inhibit tumor growth in human pancreatic xenograft mice models, with or without gemcitabine.

 
Tumor growth inhibition
 
·  
16.7% with gemcitabine alone
·  
71.3% with PCI-27483 alone
·  
89.7% with PCI-27483 plus gemcitabine

In cancer, the Factor VIIa: TF complex triggers a host of physiologic processes that facilitate tumor angiogenesis, growth, and metastases. Laboratory studies and animal models indicate that PCI-27483 inhibits tumor angiogenesis, growth and metastases.
 
 
PCI-27483 Anti-Thrombotic Effects in an Arterial Thrombosis Model
 
The anti-thrombotic effects of PCI-27483 were determined in a baboon model of arterial thrombosis. In this model, PCI-27483 showed dose-dependent inhibition of thrombus formation, fibrin accumulation, and prothrombin time, and 4mg/kg PCI-27483 demonstrated comparable anti-coagulation effects as 2mg/kg Lovenox.
 

Factor VIIa PCI-27483 Clinical Development Update
 
We have completed our initial Phase I testing of PCI-27483 in healthy volunteers. The primary objective of the ascending dose study was to assess the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles of PCI-27483 following a single, subcutaneous injection.  In addition, the safety and tolerability of PCI-27483 was evaluated. The drug was well tolerated and no adverse event was observed at any dose level.  The International Normalized Ratio (INR) of prothrombin time, a laboratory test for coagulation, was used to measure pharmacodynamic effect at dose levels of 0.05, 0.20, 0.80 and 2.0 mg/kg.  A mean peak INR of 2.7 was achieved without adverse effects at the highest dose level administered. The target INR range for oral anti-coagulants i.e. Coumadin, is between 2 and 3. The half-life of PCI-27483 was 9 to 10 hours, which compares favorably to the single-dose half-life of the low molecular weight heparin products Lovenox (4.5 hours) and Fragmin (3 to 5 hours).
 
In a multicenter Phase I/II study, PCI-27483 is being evaluated in combination with gemcitabine for its safety and its potential to delay tumor progression and increase overall survival in patients with locally advanced or metastatic ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Secondary endpoints include effect on levels of circulating tissue factor and frequency of venous thrombotic complications. The Phase II portion of the study is randomized, with patients receiving gemcitabine alone or gemcitabine plus PCI-27483.
 
PCI-27483 Patents
 
PCI-27483 is covered by US patent applications (issued and pending) and national phase patent applications (issued and pending) in fourteen ex-US jurisdictions, including Europe, Canada, Mexico, Japan, China, India, South Korea, Australia and Brazil. The projected expiration of this coverage is through December 2023 and beyond, excluding patent term extensions in the various territories which can be up to five years.
 
 
Factor VIIa Inhibitor Market Opportunity
 
Each year 230,000 individuals worldwide are diagnosed with pancreatic cancer (UK Cancer Research) (in the US more than 36,640 are diagnosed each year) (Decision Resources PatientBase 2010).  Worldwide incidence of other cancers types that also have been shown to have high TF expression include: colon; ovarian; breast; prostate, and lung cancer.
 
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Program
 
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are well-validated drug targets in a number of disease areas, particularly cancer, but also in autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases.  These enzymes control several vital cellular processes, such as transcription, cell cycle progression, protein transport and degradation etc, and their activity is often dysregulated in cancer.  Classically, the major function of these enzymes is controlling the expression of genes, i.e. whether genes are turned “on” or “off”. In cancer, HDACs are often hyper-active, resulting in expression changes that favor a tumor’s ability to multiply, to avoid apoptosis (i.e. programmed cell death) or to become resistant to chemotherapy.  Treatment with HDAC inhibitors reverses these changes, resulting in cancer cell death in vitro (i.e. in cultured cells) and tumor growth inhibition in vivo (i.e. in animals) at non-toxic concentrations.
 
PCI-24781 (Pan-HDAC Inhibitor)
 
PCI-24781 is a novel, broad spectrum, hydroxamic acid-based small molecule HDACi that is under evaluation in phase I and II clinical trials for refractory solid tumors and lymphoma by Pharmacyclics and its global partner, Les Laboratories Servier of Paris, France (Servier).  PCI-24781 has shown strong anti-tumor activity in vitro and in vivo (Buggy et al Mol Cancer Ther 2006; 5: 1309-17).  In the clinic, PCI-24781 has also demonstrated activity as a single agent in several subtypes of lymphoma (see below).
 
 
PCI-24781 treatment leads to synergistic efficacy in tumor cells in combination with many cancer therapeutics, such as bortezomib, as well as DNA-damaging agents such as radiation (Banuelos et al Clin Cancer  Res 2007 13:6816-26) and chemotherapy agents such as doxorubicin (Lopez et al, Clin Cancer Res 2009 15:3472-83, Yang et al, Anticancer Res. 2011 31:1115-23).  In lymphoma cells, PCI-24781 together with bortezomib greatly enhances proteasome and NF-kB inhibition, increases oxidative stress, causes cell cycle arrest and results in increased cell death (Bhalla et al Clin Cancer Res 2009 15:3354-65).  In solid tumor cells, we have shown that PCI-24781 inhibits DNA repair following damage by radiation or chemotheraputic agents, thereby enhancing the efficacy of these anti-cancer agents.  The mechanism of the synergy may involve inhibition homologous recombination pathway, a major double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway. We have also shown that PCI-24781 also effectively synergizes with inhibitors of single-strand break repair such as PARP inhibitors (Adimoolam et al 2007).  Recently, it was shown that PCI-24781 was the most active HDACi tested as a single agent in MPNST (Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor), a subtype of sarcoma (Lopez et al 2011).  Furthermore, PCI-24781 demonstrated highly synergistic growth inhibition of chemotherapy-resistant tumors in combination with chloroquine (an inhibitor of autophagy, a protective mechanism in cells under stress).
 
 
 

Recently, one of our collaborators, Dr. Pamela Munster at the University of San Francisco, showed that PCI-24781 can potentiate tamoxifen treatment in estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer (below).  Though about 70% of breast cancers are ER+, endocrine therapy using the anti-estrogen tamoxifen or other anti-ER pathway strategies provide benefit only in about half of these patients. Moreover, most ER+ patients that initially respond to tamoxifen eventually acquire resistance.  Dr. Munster and her colleagues also showed that PCI-24781 can reverse tamoxifen resistance.  In tamoxifen-resistant (TamR) breast cancer cells, the combination of clinically feasible concentrations of PCI-24781 with tamoxifen attenuated the proliferation of the TamR cells and also induced cell death.  This research was recently presented in a poster presentation at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting in April 2011.
 
 
 
 
Proprietary Predictive Assays
 
When tumor cells are treated with DNA damaging radiation and chemotherapeutics, they often turn on DNA repair genes such as RAD51, which is frequently over expressed in tumors, to help them repair the damage and thereby develop resistance to these agents.  PCI-24781 can turn off RAD51 (and other DNA repair genes), effectively blocking the ability of the tumor to repair its damaged DNA, sensitizing the tumor to chemotherapy and radiation.  We have patented the predictive use of RAD51 as a clinically applicable biomarker for prediction of sensitivity to HDAC inhibitors such as PCI-24781, and for predicting potential synergy with DNA damaging agents. This research was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Adimoolam et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007; 104:19482-7. Epub 2007 Nov 27).
 
As mentioned, we have shown that PCI-24781 has growth inhibitory activity against several human primary tumors, including colon and ovarian cancers.  However, due to the adaptability of the cancer genome, it is possible that in the clinic, patients’ tumors could have or develop resistance to treatment with PCI-24781.  In order to identify biomarkers that could predict resistant tumors, we analyzed primary colon tumors that had differential treatment sensitivity to PCI-24781 by whole genome expression analysis, and developed a set of biomarkers that could potentially help segregate patients more likely to respond to PCI-24781 treatment in the clinic.  Parts of this research were presented as a seminar at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting in 2009. We have patented the predictive use of these biomarkers in colon as well as in other types of cancer.
 
 
HDAC Inhibitor PCI-24781 Clinical Development Update
 
PCI 24781 is currently in a Phase I/II trial in patients with recurrent lymphomas. The Phase I arm of this study has been completed and the results were published as a poster at the American Society for Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting in December 2009 (Evens et al., Blood 2009; 114: 2726). As reported, one complete response, four partial responses and seven patients with stable disease were observed, with two of the responding patients still continuing on treatment for over two years. Reversible thrombocytopenia (reduced platelet count) was the most commonly observed adverse event in this trial, and based on the results of the Phase I arm, dose scheduling changes were implemented to minimize this effect. The recommended Phase II dose and schedule was established as 45mg/m2, twice a day, 7 days on/7 days off in 4 week cycles.
 
Based upon the responses observed in the Phase I arm, the Phase II portion of the trial PCYC-0403 was commenced in two histologies, which are follicular and mantle cell lymphomas.
 
In solid tumors, a Phase I/II trial testing PCI-24781 in combination with doxorubicin in patients with soft tissue sarcoma is underway.  This trial is co-sponsored by prominent investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital and Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, including Drs. George Demetri and Edwin Choy.
 
In addition to these trials, our ex-US partner Servier is also conducting an extensive series of clinical trials testing PCI-24781 as a single agent and in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents in lymphoma and various solid tumors.  To date five clinical trials have been initiated by Servier and have shown encouraging clinical activity and safety. Servier is planning to conduct further combination trials with PCI -24781 in the near future.
 
Partnering
 
In April 2009, we entered into a collaboration agreement with Servier, pursuant to which we granted Servier an exclusive license for our pan-HDAC inhibitors, including PCI-24781, for territories throughout the world excluding the United States and its possessions. Under the terms of the agreement, Servier will pay us for reaching various development and regulatory milestones and a royalty on sales outside of the United States. We will continue to own all rights within the United States.
 
Patents
 
PCI-24781 and pan-HDAC inhibitors patents; covering their composition, pharmaceutical formulation, methods of uses, biomarkers; are issued or pending with coverage through  2024 and beyond in US and fifteen other international territories including Europe, Canada, Mexico, Japan, China, India and Brazil.  In addition, we have also patented the predictive use of RAD51 biomarker, as well as the predictive methods of determining resistance to PCI-24781 in several territories.  These patents would be subject to territorial patent term extensions of up to five years.
 
Pan-HDAC Inhibitor Market Opportunity for Combination Therapy
 
Pan-HDAC inhibitors may have the potential for broad anti-cancer indications in hematologic and solid malignancies when used in combination with numerous chemotherapeutic drugs and radiation.  Agents such as doxorubicin and cisplatin are commonly used to treat many types of cancer including lymphoma, breast, ovarian, lung and liver cancer, each of which afflicts tens of thousands of patients in the US alone.  Many of these patients develop resistance to the primary treatment, and refractory tumors represent a large unmet medical need in many of these tumor types. An agent such as PCI-24781 that can effectively synergize with and potentiate many of these therapies could find wide application in combination strategies.
 
 
HDAC8-specific Inhibitor Program
 
Our scientists have been in the forefront of research into inhibitors for specific HDAC enzymes beginning with the cloning of the human HDAC8 in 2000 (Buggy et al., Biochem.J 2000; 350(1):199-205).  Since then, we were the first to publish the crystal structure of a human HDAC (HDAC8) in 2004 (Somoza et al., Structure 2004;12:1325-34), the first to publish the most selective inhibitor of human HDAC8 (PCI-34051) in 2008 (Balasubramanian et al., Leukemia 2008, 22:1026-34), and the first to discover a novel anti-inflammatory activity of a HDAC8 inhibitor (Balasubramanian et al., Blood [ASH Annual Meeting Abstracts], Nov 2008; 112: 2581; manuscript in preparation).  We continue to strengthen our intellectual property position in HDAC8 inhibitors, with multiple patents on the gene, protein, the use and a large selective inhibitor panel.
 
Using our unique knowledge of the crystal structure of HDAC8 complex with multiple pan- and selective inhibitors, we had previously discovered a novel HDAC8 selective inhibitor, PCI-34051, which inhibits HDAC8 with a Ki of 10 nM (a measure of potency) with >200 fold selectivity over the other HDACs tested. Based on preclinical optimization efforts, we have identified two completely novel scaffolds that provided new leads with better pharmacokinetic (PK) properties while maintaining the HDAC8 selectivity and potency.
 
HDAC8 inhibitors possess certain unique activities across a range of clinical indications, including T-cell malignancies, neuroblastoma and inflammation as indicated below. We showed that HDAC8 selective inhibitor PCI-34051 induces growth arrest and apoptosis in cell lines derived from T-cell lymphomas and leukemias, but not in any other hematologic and most solid tumor cell lines (Balasubramanian et al., Leukemia 2008; 22:1026-1034).  We have since shown that primary tumor cells obtained from patients suffering from cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) can also be inhibited from proliferating and killed specifically with HDAC8 inhibitors.
 
HDAC8, uniquely among all HDAC enzymes, is over expressed in pediatric neuroblastoma tumors, and a high HDAC8 expression level is strongly associated with a poor prognosis (Oehme et al., Clin Cancer Res 2009, 15: 91-99). HDAC8-specific inhibitors induce growth inhibition of neuroblastoma cells and eventually lead to cell cycle arrest, and death or terminal differentiation into non-cancerous cells.
 
We have discovered that PCI-34051 inhibits the secretion of many pro-inflammatory proteins from blood cells (Balasubramanian et al., Blood [ASH Annual Meeting Abstracts], Nov 2008; 112:2581).  PCI-34051 is particularly effective at modulating the proteins interleukin-1 beta (IL1b) and interleukin-18, both of which are associated with many autoimmune disorders.  Anti-IL1b protein therapeutics have proven effective in treatment of RA and systemic juvenile RA (Pascual et al., J Exp.Med 2005; 201:1479-1486). We have also shown that PCI-34051 is effective at reducing IL1b secretion from blood cells of patients with RA and psoriasis.
 
Our Business Strategy
 
Our mission is to build a viable biopharmaceutical company that designs, develops and commercializes novel therapies intended to improve quality of life, increase duration of life and resolve serious medical healthcare needs. The key elements of our business strategy include:
 
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Focusing on creating novel, patentable, differentiated biopharmaceutical products. We are leveraging our expertise in chemistry, biology and clinical development to create multiple novel drug candidates.
 
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Focusing on proprietary drugs that address large markets of unmet medical need for the treatment of oncology and immune mediated diseases. Although our versatile technology platform can be used to develop a wide range of pharmaceutical agents, we have focused most of our initial efforts in oncology and immune mediated diseases where we have established strength in preclinical and clinical development.
 
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Utilize biomarkers and predictive pharmacodynamic assays wherever possible. Targeting the right drug to the right patient at the right time with the right dose has the potential to greatly expedite intelligent clinical development and reduce the time, cost and risk of clinical programs.
 
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Provide major pharmaceutical companies access to validated drug candidates. Major pharmaceutical companies have a need for promising drug candidates, which still may require large clinical trials. We focus on satisfying this need for novel, first in class or best in class drugs. A partnership with Pharmacyclics may provide these companies the opportunity to leverage the innovation and excellence of a creative, focused and experienced scientific team.
 
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Establish strategic alliances and collaborations. Except for the ex-US pan-HDAC rights which we licensed to Servier, we own the worldwide rights to our multiple product candidates. When, as and if appropriate we maintain the option to establish strategic alliances and collaborations for the development and commercialization of our products.
 
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Leverage development with outsourcing. We utilize outside vendors with expertise and capability in manufacturing and clinical development to more efficiently develop our multiple product candidates.
 
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Create a large clinical pipeline. We improve our probability of success by taking multiple “shots on goal.”
 
We are subject to risks common to pharmaceutical companies developing products, including risks inherent in our research, development and commercialization efforts, preclinical testing, clinical trials, uncertainty of regulatory and marketing approvals, uncertainty of market acceptance of our products, history of and expectation of future operating losses, reliance on collaborative partners, enforcement of patent and proprietary rights, and the need for future capital.  In order for a product to be commercialized, we must conduct preclinical tests and clinical trials, demonstrate efficacy and safety of our product candidates to the satisfaction of regulatory authorities, obtain marketing approval, enter into manufacturing, distribution and marketing arrangements, build U.S. commercial capability, obtain market acceptance and, in many cases, obtain adequate coverage of and reimbursement for our products from government and private insurers. We cannot provide assurance that we will generate revenues or achieve and sustain profitability in the future.
 
Collaboration and License Agreements, Acquired Products
 
Collaboration and License Agreement with Servier.  In April 2009, we entered into a collaboration and license agreement with Servier to research, develop and commercialize PCI-24781, an orally active, novel, small molecule inhibitor of pan-HDAC enzymes.  Servier is the leading independent pharmaceutical company in France.  Under the terms of the agreement, Servier acquired the exclusive right to develop and commercialize the pan-HDAC inhibitor product worldwide except for the United States and its possessions. Pharmacyclics will continue to own all rights within the United States.
 
In May 2009, we received an upfront payment of $11,000,000 ($10,450,000 net of withholding taxes) from Servier and received an additional $4,000,000 for research collaboration which was paid over a twenty-four month period through April 2011.  In April 2011, we also received a $7,000,000 advance development milestone payment from Servier. Under the agreement, we could receive an additional amount of approximately $17,500,000 upon the achievement of certain future development and regulatory milestones, as well as royalty payments. Servier is solely responsible for conducting and paying for all development activities outside the United States.
 
 
The collaboration and license agreement continues until the later of the expiration of any patent rights licensed under the license agreement and the expiration of all periods of market exclusivity with respect to licensed compounds.  Either Servier or we can terminate the agreement under certain circumstances, including material breach and insolvency.  Servier can terminate the agreement at any time due to safety or public health issues or after the second anniversary of the effective date of the agreement.
 
Celera Corporation.  In April 2006, we acquired multiple small molecule drug candidates for the treatment of cancer and other diseases from Celera Genomics, an Applera Corporation business  (now Celera Corporation - a subsidiary of Quest Diagnostics Incorporated).  Future milestone payments under the agreement, as amended, could total as much as approximately $97,000,000, although we currently cannot predict if or when any of the milestones will be achieved.  Approximately two-thirds of the milestone payments relate to our HDAC Inhibitor program and approximately one-third relates to our Factor VIIa program. Approximately 90% of the potential future milestone payments would be paid to Celera after obtaining regulatory approval in various countries.    There are no milestone payments related to our Btk program.  In addition to the milestone payments, Celera will be entitled to royalty payments based on annual sales of drugs commercialized from our HDAC Inhibitor, Factor VIIa inhibitor and certain Btk Inhibitor programs.
 
The University of Texas License.  In 1991, we entered into a license agreement with the University of Texas under which we received the exclusive worldwide rights to develop and commercialize porphyrins, expanded porphyrins (e.g. motexafin gadolinium) and other porphyrin-like substances covered by their patents.  In consideration for the license, we have paid a total of $300,000. We are obligated to pay royalties based on net sales of products that utilize the licensed technology.  The term of the license agreement ends upon the last to expire of the patents covered by the license.  We have royalty obligations under the license as long as valid and unexpired patents covering the licensed technology exist. Currently, the dates the last United States and ex-United States (international) patents covered by the agreement expire are 2020 and 2014, respectively.  Under this agreement, we must be attempting to commercialize one or more products covered by the licensed technology.  In the event we fail to attempt to commercialize one or more products covered by the licensed technology, the University of Texas may convert the exclusive license into a non-exclusive license.
 
Patents and Proprietary Technology
 
We believe our success depends in part on our ability to protect and defend our proprietary technology and product candidates through patents and trade secret protection.  We, therefore, aggressively pursue, prosecute, protect and defend patent applications, issued patents, trade secrets, and licensed patent and trade secret rights covering certain aspects of our technology.  The evaluation of the patentability of United States and foreign patent applications can take years to complete and can involve considerable expense.
 
We have a number of patents and patent applications related to our compounds but we cannot be certain that issued patents will be enforceable or provide adequate protection or that pending patent applications will issue as patents.  Even if patents are issued and maintained, these patents may not be of adequate scope to benefit us, or may be held invalid and unenforceable against third parties.
 
Our patents, patent applications, and licensed patent rights cover various compounds, pharmaceutical formulations and methods of use. Pharmacyclics owns or licenses rights to:
 
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42 issued U.S. patents; and
 
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35 other pending U.S. patent applications.
 
 
These issued U.S. patents expire at various times depending on product programs (see above program sections). In addition, Pharmacyclics owns or licenses approximately 72 issued foreign patents, 3 Patent Cooperation Treaty (“PCT”) patent applications, and more than 126 pending non-U.S. patent applications filed with the European Patent Office, and nationally in Canada, Japan, China, Australia and other international territories.
 
All of these issued patents would be subject to potential patent term extensions in the U.S. and non-U.S. international territories (up to five years depending on territory).
 
We may be unsuccessful in prosecuting our patent applications or patents may not issue from our patent applications. Even if patents are issued and maintained, these patents may not be of adequate scope to benefit us, or may be held invalid and unenforceable against third parties.
 
We also rely upon trade secrets, technical know-how and continuing technological innovation to develop and maintain our competitive position. We require all of our employees, consultants, advisors and the like to execute appropriate confidentiality and assignment-of-inventions agreements. These agreements typically provide that all materials and confidential information developed or made known to the individual during the course of the individual's relationship with us is to be kept confidential and not disclosed to third parties, except in specific circumstances, and that all inventions arising out of the relationship with Pharmacyclics shall be our exclusive property.
 
Research and Development
 
The majority of our operating expenses to date have been related to research and development, or R&D. R&D expenses consist of independent R&D costs and costs associated with collaborative R&D. R&D expenses were $34,482,000 in fiscal 2011, $17,358,000 in fiscal 2010 and $13,954,000 in fiscal 2009.
 
Marketing and Sales
 
We currently are not directly pursuing marketing, sales, or distribution activities.
 
Manufacturing
 
We use third parties to manufacture various components of our products under development. We have entered into several commercial supply agreements with manufacturers.
 
Competition
 
We face intense competition for each of our drug targets from pharmaceutical companies, universities, governmental entities and others in the development of therapeutic and diagnostic agents for the treatment of diseases which we target. See "Risk Factors — Risks Related to Our Industry – We face rapid technological change and intense competition."
 
In addition, see the section titled “Our Drug Development Programs” for further information on some of the competition for our drug programs.
 
 
Government Regulation and Product Approval
 
The FDA and comparable regulatory agencies in state and local jurisdictions and in foreign countries impose substantial requirements upon the clinical development, manufacture and marketing of pharmaceutical products. These agencies and other federal, state and local entities regulate research and development activities and the testing, manufacture, quality control, safety, effectiveness, labeling, storage, record keeping, approval, advertising and promotion of our product candidates. Failure to comply with FDA requirements, both before and after product approval, may subject us to administrative or judicial sanctions, including but not limited to, FDA refusal to approve pending applications, warning letters, product recalls, product seizures, or total or partial suspension of production or distribution, fines, injunctions, or civil or criminal penalties.
 
The process required by the FDA before our products may be marketed in the U.S. generally involves the following:
 
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completion of preclinical laboratory and animal tests;
 
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submission of an Investigational New Drug (IND) application, which must become effective before clinical trials may begin;
 
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performance of adequate and well-controlled human clinical trials to establish the safety and efficacy for each intended use;
 
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submission to the FDA of a New Drug Application (NDA); and
 
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satisfactory completion of an FDA pre-approval inspection of the manufacturing facility or facilities at which the product candidate is made to assess compliance with the FDA’s current good manufacturing practice (cGMP) regulations.
 
The testing and approval process requires substantial time, effort, and financial resources; and we cannot be certain that any approval will be granted on a timely basis, if at all.
 
Preclinical tests include laboratory evaluation of the product, its chemistry, formulation and stability, as well as animal studies to assess the potential safety and efficacy of the product. We then submit the results of the preclinical tests, together with manufacturing information and analytical data, to the FDA as part of an IND, which must become effective before we may begin human clinical trials. The IND automatically becomes effective 30 days after receipt by the FDA, unless the FDA, within the 30-day time period, raises concerns or questions about the conduct of the trials as outlined in the IND, including concerns that human research subjects will be exposed to unreasonable health risks. In such a case, the IND sponsor and the FDA must resolve any outstanding concerns before clinical trials can begin. Our submission of an IND may not result in FDA authorization to commence clinical trials. Further, an independent Institutional Review Board at the medical center proposing to conduct the clinical trials must review and approve any clinical study.
 
Human clinical trials are typically conducted in three sequential phases which may overlap:
 
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Phase I: The drug is initially introduced into healthy human subjects or patients and tested for safety, dosage tolerance, absorption, metabolism, distribution and excretion.
 
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Phase II: Involves studies in a limited patient population to identify possible adverse effects and safety risks, to evaluate preliminarily the efficacy of the product for specific targeted diseases and to determine dosage tolerance and optimal dosage.
 
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Phase III: When Phase II evaluations demonstrate that a dosage range of the product may be effective and has an acceptable safety profile, Phase lll trials are undertaken to further evaluate dosage and clinical efficacy and to further test for safety in an expanded patient population at geographically dispersed clinical study sites.
 
 
In the case of products for severe or life-threatening diseases such as cancer, the initial human testing is often conducted in patients rather than in healthy volunteers. Since these patients already have the target disease, these studies may provide initial evidence of efficacy traditionally obtained in Phase II trials and thus these trials are frequently referred to as Phase I/II trials. We cannot be certain that we will successfully complete Phase I, Phase II or Phase III testing of our product candidates within any specific time period, if at all. Furthermore, the FDA, the relevant Institutional Review Board or the sponsor may suspend clinical trials at any time on various grounds, including a finding that the subjects or patients are being exposed to an unacceptable health risk.
 
The results of product development, preclinical studies and clinical studies are submitted to the FDA as part of a New Drug Application, or NDA, for approval of the marketing and commercial shipment of the product. The FDA may not accept the NDA for review if the applicable regulatory criteria are not satisfied or may require additional clinical data. Even if such data are accepted for filing, the FDA may ultimately decide that the NDA does not satisfy the criteria for approval. In addition, before approving an NDA, the FDA will inspect the facilities at which the product is manufactured and will not approve the product unless the facility is in substantial compliance with cGMP regulations. Once issued, the FDA may withdraw product approval if compliance with regulatory standards is not maintained or if problems occur after the product reaches the market. In addition, the FDA may require testing and surveillance programs to monitor the effect of approved products which have been commercialized, and the agency has the power to prevent or limit further marketing of a product based on the results of these post-marketing programs.
 
Satisfaction of the above FDA requirements or similar requirements of state, local and foreign regulatory agencies typically takes several years and the actual time required may vary substantially, based upon the type, complexity and novelty of the pharmaceutical product. Government regulation may delay or prevent marketing of potential products for a considerable period of time and impose costly procedures upon our activities. We cannot be certain that the FDA or any other regulatory agency will grant approval for any of our products under development on a timely basis, if at all. Success in preclinical or early stage clinical trials does not assure success in later stage clinical trials. Data obtained from preclinical and clinical activities is not always conclusive and may be susceptible to varying interpretations which could delay, limit or prevent regulatory approval. Even if a product receives regulatory approval, the approval may be significantly limited to specific indications. Further, even after regulatory approval is obtained, later discovery of previously unknown problems with a product may result in restrictions on the product or even complete withdrawal of the product from the market. Delays in obtaining, or failures to obtain regulatory approvals would have a material adverse effect on our business. Marketing our products abroad will require similar regulatory approvals and is subject to similar risks. In addition, we cannot predict what adverse governmental regulations may arise from future U.S. or foreign governmental action.
 
Any products manufactured or distributed by us pursuant to FDA approvals are subject to pervasive and continuing regulation by the FDA, including record-keeping requirements and reporting of adverse experiences with the drug. Drug manufacturers and their subcontractors are required to register their establishments with the FDA and certain state agencies, and are subject to periodic unannounced inspections by the FDA and certain state agencies for compliance with Good Manufacturing Practice regulations, which impose certain procedural and documentation requirements upon us and our third-party manufacturers. We cannot be certain that we or our present or future suppliers will be able to comply with the current Good Manufacturing Practice, or cGMP, regulations and other FDA regulatory requirements.
 
The FDA regulates drug labeling and promotion activities. The FDA has actively enforced regulations prohibiting the marketing of products for unapproved uses. The FDA will permit the promotion of a drug for an unapproved use in certain circumstances, but subject to very stringent requirements. We and our products are also subject to a variety of state laws and regulations in those states or localities where our products are or will be marketed. Any applicable state or local regulations may hinder our ability to market our products in those states or localities. We are also subject to numerous federal, state and local laws relating to such matters as safe working conditions, manufacturing practices, environmental protection, fire hazard control, and disposal of hazardous or potentially hazardous substances. We may incur significant costs to comply with such laws and regulations now or in the future.
 
 
The FDA's policies may change and additional government regulations may be enacted which could prevent or delay regulatory approval of our potential products. Moreover, increased attention to the containment of health care costs in the U.S. and in foreign markets could result in new government regulations which could have a material adverse effect on our business. We cannot predict the likelihood, nature or extent of adverse governmental regulation which might arise from future legislative or administrative action, either in the U.S. or abroad.
 
Employees
 
As of June 30, 2011, we had 77 employees, all of whom were full-time employees.  Fifty-seven of our employees are engaged in research, development, preclinical and clinical testing, manufacturing, quality assurance and quality control and regulatory affairs and 20 are in finance and administration.  Seventeen of our employees have an M.D. or Ph.D. degree. Our future performance depends in significant part upon the continued service of our key scientific, technical and senior management personnel, none of whom is bound by an employment agreement requiring service for any defined period of time. The loss of the services of one or more of our key employees could harm our business. None of our employees are represented by a labor union. We consider our relations with our employees to be good.
 
Available Information
 
We were incorporated in Delaware in 1991 and commenced operations in 1992.
 
We file electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly interim reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. We maintain a site on the worldwide web at www.pharmacyclics.com; however, information found on our website is not incorporated by reference into this report. We make our SEC filings available free of charge on or through our website, including our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly interim reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the SEC. Further, a copy of this annual report on Form 10-K is located at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the Securities and Exchange Commission at 1-800-SEC-0330. The Securities and Exchange Commission maintains a website that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding our filings at www.sec.gov.
 
In 2004, we adopted a code of ethics that applies to our officers, directors and employees, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer. We have posted the text of our code of ethics on our website at www.pcyc.com in connection with “Investor” materials. In addition, we intend to promptly disclose (1) the nature of any amendment to our code of ethics that applies to our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer, or persons performing similar functions and (2) the nature of any waiver, including an implicit waiver, from a provision of our code of ethics that is granted to one of these specified officers, the name of such person who is granted the waiver and the date of the waiver on our website in the future.
 
 
Risk Factors
 
An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Anyone who is making an investment decision regarding our securities should carefully consider the following risk factors, as well as the other information contained or incorporated by reference in this report. The risks and uncertainties described below are those that we currently believe may materially affect our company or your investment. Other risks and uncertainties that we do not presently consider to be material, or of which we are not presently aware, may become important factors that adversely affect our security holders or us in the future. If any of the risks discussed below actually materialize, then our business, financial condition, operating results, cash flows and future prospects, or your investment in our securities, could be materially and adversely affected, resulting in a loss of all or part of your investment.
 
Risks Relating to Pharmacyclics
 
We will need substantial additional financing and we may have difficulty raising needed capital in the future.
 
We have expended and will continue to expend substantial funds to complete the research, development and clinical testing of our products. We are unable to entirely fund these efforts with our current financial resources.  We may also raise additional funds through the public or private sale of securities, bank debt, collaborations or otherwise. If we are unable to secure additional funds, whether through additional partnership collaborations or sale of our securities, we will have to delay, reduce the scope of or discontinue one or more of our product development programs.  Based upon the current status of our product development plans, we believe that our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, will be adequate to satisfy our capital needs for at least the next twelve months. We may, however, choose to raise additional funds before then. Our actual capital requirements will depend on many factors, including:
 
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progress with preclinical studies and clinical trials;
 
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the time and costs involved in obtaining regulatory approval;
 
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continued progress of our research and development programs;
 
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our ability to establish and maintain collaborative arrangements with third parties;
 
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the costs involved in preparing, filing, prosecuting, maintaining and enforcing patent claims;
 
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the amount and timing of capital equipment purchases; and
 
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competing technological and market developments.
 
In addition, our ability to raise additional capital may be dependent upon our stock being quoted on the NASDAQ Capital Market. In the past, our stock price has fallen below the $1.00 minimum bid price requirement for continued listing set forth in NASDAQ Marketplace Rule 4450(a) (5).  While we have since regained compliance with Marketplace Rule 4450(a) (5), we cannot assure you that our stock price will continue to remain above the required minimum bid price.  If we do not remain in compliance with the $1.00 minimum bid price requirement or any other NASDAQ listing requirement, our stock may be delisted by NASDAQ.
 
 
We also expect to raise any necessary additional funds through the public or private sale of securities, bank debt financings, collaborative arrangements with corporate partners or other sources that may be highly dilutive or otherwise disadvantageous, to existing stockholders or subject us to restrictive covenants. In addition, in the event that additional funds are obtained through arrangements with collaborative partners or other sources, such arrangements may require us to relinquish rights to some of our technologies, product candidates or products under development that we would otherwise seek to develop or commercialize ourselves. Additional funds may not be available on acceptable terms, if at all. Our failure to raise capital when needed and on acceptable terms would require us to reduce our operating expenses, delay or reduce the scope of or eliminate one or more of our research or development programs and would limit our ability to respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated requirements and to continue operations. Any one of the foregoing would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Failure to obtain product approvals or comply with ongoing governmental regulations could adversely affect our business.
 
The manufacture and marketing of our products and our research and development activities are subject to extensive regulation for safety, efficacy and quality by numerous government authorities in the United States and abroad. Before receiving FDA approval to market a product, we will have to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the FDA that the product is safe and effective for the patient population and for the diseases that will be treated. Clinical trials, and the manufacturing and marketing of products, are subject to the rigorous testing and approval process of the FDA and equivalent foreign regulatory authorities. The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and other federal, state and foreign statutes and regulations govern and influence the testing, manufacture, labeling, advertising, distribution and promotion of drugs and medical devices. As a result, clinical trials and regulatory approval can take a number of years to accomplish and require the expenditure of substantial resources.  Data obtained from clinical trials are susceptible to varying interpretations that could delay, limit or prevent regulatory approvals.
 
In addition, we may encounter delays or rejections based upon additional government regulation from future legislation or administrative action or changes in FDA policy during the period of product development, clinical trials and FDA regulatory review. We may encounter similar delays in foreign countries. We may be unable to obtain requisite approvals from the FDA and foreign regulatory authorities and even if obtained, such approvals may not be received on a timely basis, or they may not cover the clinical uses that we specify.
 
Furthermore, regulatory approval may entail ongoing requirements for post-marketing studies. The manufacture and marketing of drugs are subject to continuing FDA and foreign regulatory review and later discovery of previously unknown problems with a product, manufacturer or facility may result in restrictions, including withdrawal of the product from the market. Any of the following events, if they were to occur, could delay or preclude us from further developing, marketing or realizing full commercial use of our products, which in turn would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations:
 
·  
failure to obtain and thereafter maintain requisite governmental approvals;
 
·  
failure to obtain approvals for specific indications of our products under development; or
 
·  
identification of serious and unanticipated adverse side effects in our products under development.
 
 
Any regulatory approval that we receive for a product candidate may be subject to limitations on the indicated uses for which the product may be marketed. In addition, if the FDA and/or foreign regulatory agencies approve any of our product candidates, the labeling, packaging, adverse event reporting, storage, advertising and promotion of the product will be subject to extensive regulatory requirements. We and the manufacturers of our product candidates must also comply with the applicable FDA Good Manufacturing Practice (“GMP”) regulations, which include quality control and quality assurance requirements as well as the corresponding maintenance of records and documentation. Manufacturing facilities are subject to ongoing periodic inspection by the FDA and corresponding state agencies, including unannounced inspections, and must be licensed before they can be used in commercial manufacturing of our products. We or our present or future suppliers may be unable to comply with the applicable GMP regulations and other FDA regulatory requirements. Failure of our suppliers to follow current GMP Practice or other regulatory requirements may lead to significant delays in the availability of products for commercial or clinical use and could subject us to fines, injunctions and civil penalties.
 
All of our product candidates are in development, and we cannot be certain that any of our products under development will be commercialized.
 
To be profitable, we must successfully research, develop, obtain regulatory approval for, manufacture, introduce, market and distribute our products under development. The time frame necessary to achieve these goals for any individual product is long and uncertain. Before we can sell any of our products under development, we must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the FDA and regulatory authorities in foreign markets through the submission of preclinical (animal) studies and clinical (human) trials that each product is safe and effective for human use for each targeted disease. We have conducted and plan to continue to conduct extensive and costly clinical trials to assess the safety and effectiveness of our potential products. We cannot be certain that we will be permitted to begin or continue our planned clinical trials for our potential products, or if permitted, that our potential products will prove to be safe and produce their intended effects.
 
The completion rate of our clinical trials depends upon, among other factors, the rate of patient enrollment, the adequacy of patient follow-up and the completion of required clinical evaluations. Many factors affect patient enrollment, including the size of the patient population, the proximity of patients to clinical sites, the eligibility criteria for the trial, competing clinical trials and new drugs or procedures used for the conditions we are investigating. Other companies are conducting clinical trials and have announced plans for future trials that are seeking or are likely to seek patients with the same diseases that we are studying. We may fail to obtain adequate levels of patient enrollment in our clinical trials. Delays in planned patient enrollment may result in increased costs, delays or termination of clinical trials, which could have a material adverse effect on us. Many factors can affect the adequacy of patient follow-up and completion of required clinical evaluations, including failure of patients to return for scheduled visits or failure of clinical sites to complete necessary documentation. Delays in or failure to obtain required clinical follow-up and completion of clinical evaluations could also have a material adverse effect on the timing and outcome of our clinical trials and product approvals.
 
Additionally, clinical trials require substantial administration and monitoring. We may fail to effectively oversee and monitor the various trials we have underway at any particular time which would result in increased costs or delays of our clinical trials.
 
Data already obtained from preclinical studies and clinical trials of our products under development do not necessarily predict the results that will be obtained from later preclinical studies and clinical trials. Moreover, data from clinical trials we are conducting are susceptible to varying interpretations that could delay, limit or prevent regulatory approval. A number of companies in the pharmaceutical industry have suffered significant setbacks in advanced clinical trials, even after promising results in earlier trials. The failure to adequately demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of a product under development could limit or prevent regulatory approval of the potential product and would materially harm our business. Our clinical trials may not demonstrate the sufficient levels of safety and efficacy necessary to obtain the requisite regulatory approval or may not result in marketable products.
 
 
We have a history of operating losses and we expect to continue to have losses in the future.
 
We have incurred significant operating losses since our inception in 1991 and, as of June 30, 2011, had an accumulated deficit of $413,125,000.  We expect to continue to incur substantial additional operating losses until such time, if ever, as the commercialization of our products generates sufficient revenues to cover our expenses.  All of our product candidates are in the early stages of development and the commercialization of those products will not occur, if at all, for at least the next several years.  Our achieving profitability depends upon our ability, alone or with others, to successfully complete the development of our product candidates, and to obtain required regulatory approvals and to successfully manufacture and market our proposed product.  While we have generated revenue from collaborations, including $8,233,000 in fiscal 2011, we have not generated significant revenue from either the licensing or commercial sale of our products to date.
 
Acceptance of our products in the marketplace is uncertain, and failure to achieve market acceptance will harm our business.
 
Even if approved for marketing, our products may not achieve market acceptance. The degree of market acceptance will depend upon a number of factors, including:
 
·  
the receipt of regulatory approvals for the indications that we are studying, and the acceptance by physicians and patients of the clinical benefits that our products may offer;
 
·  
the establishment and demonstration in the medical community of the safety, clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of our products and their potential advantages over existing therapeutic products;
 
·  
marketing and distribution support;
 
·  
the introduction, market penetration and pricing strategies of competing and future products;
 
·  
coverage and reimbursement policies of governmental and other third- party payers such as insurance companies, health maintenance organizations and other plan administrators; and
 
·  
physicians, patients, payers or the medical community in general may be unwilling to accept, purchase, utilize or recommend any of our products.
 
We may fail to adequately protect or enforce our intellectual property rights or secure rights to third-party patents.
 
Our success depends in part upon our ability to protect and defend our proprietary technology and product candidates through patents and trade secret protection. We, therefore, aggressively pursue, prosecute, protect and defend patent applications, issued patents, trade secrets, and licensed patent and trade secret rights covering certain aspects of our technology. The evaluation of the patentability of United States and foreign patent applications can take years to complete and can involve considerable expense.
 
 
We have a number of patents and patent applications related to our compounds but we cannot be certain that issued patents will be enforceable or provide adequate protection or that pending patent applications will issue as patents. Even if patents are issued and maintained, these patents may not be of adequate scope to benefit us, or may be held invalid and unenforceable against third parties.
 
We face risks and uncertainties related to our intellectual property rights. For example:
 
·  
we may be unable to obtain or maintain patent or other intellectual property protection for any products or processes that we may develop;
 
·  
third parties may obtain patents covering the manufacture, use or sale of these products, which may prevent us from commercializing any of our products under development globally or in certain regions; and
 
·  
any future patents that we may obtain may not prevent other companies from competing with us by designing their products or conducting their activities so as to avoid the coverage of our patents.
 
The actual protection afforded by a patent varies depending on the product candidate and country and depends upon many factors, including the type of patent, the scope of its coverage, the availability of regulatory related extensions, the availability of legal remedies in a particular country and the validity and enforceability of the patents under existing and future laws. Our ability to maintain or enhance our proprietary position for our product candidates will depend on our success in obtaining effective claims and enforcing those claims once granted. Our issued patents and those that may issue in the future, or those licensed to us, may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented, and the rights granted under any issued patents may not provide us with proprietary protection or competitive advantages against competitors with similar products. Due to the extensive amount of time required for the development, testing and regulatory review of a potential product, it is possible that, before any of our products can be commercialized, any related patent may expire or remain in force for only a short period following commercialization, thereby reducing any advantage of the patent.
 
We also rely upon trade secrets, technical know-how and continuing technological innovation to develop and maintain our competitive position. Although we take steps to protect our proprietary rights and information, including the use of confidentiality and other agreements with our employees and consultants, and in our academic and commercial relationships, these steps may be inadequate, these agreements may be violated, or there may be no adequate remedy available for a violation. In addition, courts outside the United States are sometimes less willing to protect trade secrets. Furthermore, our competitors may independently develop substantially equivalent proprietary information and techniques, reverse engineer our information and techniques, or otherwise gain access to our proprietary technology. We may be unable to meaningfully protect our rights in unpatented proprietary technology.
 
We rely heavily on third parties for product and clinical development of our products.
 
We currently depend heavily and will depend heavily in the future on third parties for support in product development and clinical development of our products. The termination of a significant number of our existing collaborative arrangements, or our inability to establish and maintain collaborative arrangements could have a material adverse effect on our ability to complete clinical development of our products. Given our limited resources, it may be necessary to establish partnerships with other pharmaceutical companies that have greater financial and technical resources in order to successfully develop and commercialize our products. Although we have entered into a global strategic alliance with Servier related to the research, development, and commercialization of PCI-24781, there is no assurance that any additional partnerships can be obtained, and if obtained, such partnership may require us to relinquish product rights that could affect the financial success of these products.
 
 
We engage clinical investigators and medical institutions to enroll subjects in our clinical trials and contract clinical research organizations, or CROs, for various aspects of our clinical development activities including clinical trial monitoring, data collection, safety monitoring and data management. As a result, we have had and continue to have less control over the conduct of clinical trials, the timing and completion of the trials, the required reporting of adverse events and the management of data developed through the trial than would be the case if we were relying entirely upon our own staff. Although we rely on CROs to conduct some of our clinical trials, we are responsible for confirming that each of our clinical trials is conducted in accordance with the investigational plan and protocol. Moreover, the FDA and foreign regulatory agencies require us to comply with regulations and standards, commonly referred to as good clinical practices, for conducting, recording and reporting the results of clinical trials to assure that the data and results are credible and accurate and that the trial participants are adequately protected. Our reliance on third parties does not relieve us of these responsibilities and requirements.
 
Outside parties may have staffing difficulties, may undergo changes in priorities or may become financially distressed, adversely affecting their willingness or ability to conduct our trials. We may experience unexpected cost increases that are beyond our control. Any failure of such CROs to successfully accomplish clinical trial monitoring, data collection, safety monitoring and data management and the other services they provide for us in a timely manner and in compliance with regulatory requirements could have a material adverse effect on our ability to complete clinical development of our products and obtain regulatory approval. Problems with the timeliness or quality of the work of a CRO may lead us to seek to terminate the relationship and use an alternate service provider. However, making such changes may be costly and may delay our trials, and contractual restrictions may make such a change difficult or impossible. Additionally, it may be difficult to find a replacement organization that can conduct our trials in an acceptable manner and at an acceptable cost.
 
We lack the resources, capability and experience necessary to manufacture pharmaceuticals and thus rely heavily upon contract manufacturers.
 
We have no manufacturing facilities and we currently rely on third parties for manufacturing and storage activities related to all of our products in development. Our manufacturing strategy presents the following risks:
 
·  
delays in scale-up to quantities needed for multiple clinical trials, or failure to manufacture such quantities to our specifications, or deliver such quantities on the dates we require, could cause delay or suspension of clinical trials, regulatory submissions and commercialization of our products in development;
 
·  
there is no guarantee that the supply of clinical materials can be maintained during the clinical development of our product candidates;
 
·  
our current and future manufacturers are subject to ongoing periodic unannounced inspections by the FDA and corresponding regulatory agencies for compliance with strictly enforced cGMP and similar standards in other countries. Failure to pass these inspections could have a material adverse effect on our ability to produce our products to support our operations;
 
·  
if we need to change to other commercial manufacturing contractors, there is no guarantee that we will be able to locate a suitable replacement contractor. The FDA and comparable foreign regulators must approve material manufactured by these contractors prior to our use. This would require new testing and compliance inspections. The new manufacturers would have to practice substantially equivalent processes for the production of our products;
 
 
·  
our current manufacturers might not be able to fulfill our commercial needs, which would require us to seek new manufacturing arrangements and may result in substantial delays in meeting market demand; and
 
·  
any disruption of the ability of our manufacturing contractors to supply necessary quantities of our products could have a material adverse effect on our ability to support our operations.
 
Any of these factors could delay clinical trials or commercialization of our products under development and entail higher costs.
 
We lack marketing, distribution and sales experience.
 
We have no experience marketing, selling or distributing drug products and currently lack the internal capability to do so. If any of our product candidates are approved by the FDA, we will need a drug sales force with technical expertise prior to the commercialization of any of our product candidates. We have no experience in developing, training or managing a sales force. We will incur substantial additional expenses in developing, training and managing such an organization. We may be unable to build such a sales force, the cost of establishing such a sales force may exceed any product revenues, or our direct marketing and sales efforts may be unsuccessful. In addition, we compete with many other companies that currently have extensive and well-funded marketing and sales operations. Our marketing and sales efforts may be unable to compete successfully against those of such other companies. We may need to enter into co-promotion or other licensing arrangements with larger pharmaceutical or biotechnology firms in order to increase the commercial success of our products. To the extent we enter into co-promotion or other licensing agreements, our product revenues are likely to be lower than if we directly marketed and sold our products, and some or all of the revenues we receive will depend upon the efforts of third parties, which may not be successful and may not be within our control. If we are unable to enter into co-promotion or other licensing agreements on acceptable terms or at all, we may not be able to successfully commercialize our existing and future product candidates. If we are not successful in commercializing our existing and future product candidates, either on our own or through collaborations with one or more third parties, our future product revenue will suffer and we may incur significant losses.
 
If we lose or are unable to hire and retain qualified personnel, then we may not be able to develop our products or processes and obtain the required regulatory approvals.
 
We are highly dependent on qualified scientific and management personnel.  We will need to expand and effectively manage our managerial, operational, financial, development and other resources in order to successfully pursue our research, development and commercialization efforts for our existing and future product candidates.  Our success depends on our continued ability to attract, retain and motivate highly qualified management and personnel with pre-clinical and clinical experience.  We will need to hire additional personnel as we continue to expand our research and development and partnering activities.
 
We face intense competition from other companies and research and academic institutions for qualified personnel.  We may not be able to attract or retain qualified management and scientific personnel in the future due to the intense competition for qualified personnel among biotechnology, pharmaceutical and other businesses, particularly in the San Francisco, California area.  In September 2008, four members of our Board of Directors resigned and were replaced by four new members.  At the time of this change in our Board, our CEO and CFO resigned their positions and were replaced with Robert W. Duggan as CEO and Rainer (Ramses) Erdtmann as Vice President of Finance and Administration.  We are highly dependent on these officers, and in fact Mr. Duggan has provided significant financing to us.  If Mr. Duggan were to terminate his position with us, or we were to lose an additional executive officer, any of our senior scientists, a manager of one of our programs, or a significant number of any of our staff or are unable to hire and retain qualified personnel, then our ability to develop and commercialize our products and processes, raise additional capital or implement our business strategy may be adversely affected or prevented and our business may be harmed as a result.
 
 
Our business is subject to risks associated with international operations and collaborations.
 
The laws of foreign countries do not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the United States. In countries where we do not have and/or have not applied for patents on our products, we will be unable to prevent others from developing or selling similar products. In addition, in jurisdictions outside the United States where we acquire patent rights, we may be unable to prevent unlicensed parties from selling or importing products or technologies derived elsewhere using our patented technology.
 
Until we or our licensees obtain the required regulatory approvals for pharmaceuticals in any specific foreign country, we or our licensees will be unable to sell these products in that country. International regulatory authorities have imposed numerous and varying regulatory requirements and the approval procedures can involve additional testing. Approval by one regulatory authority does not ensure approval by any other regulatory authority.
 
We may be subject to damages resulting from claims that our employees or we have wrongfully used or disclosed alleged trade secrets of their former employers.
 
Many of our employees were previously employed at universities or other biotechnology or pharmaceutical companies, including our competitors or potential competitors. Although no claims against us are currently pending, we may be subject to claims that these employees or we have inadvertently or otherwise used or disclosed trade secrets or other proprietary information of their former employers. Litigation may be necessary to defend against these or other claims. If we fail in defending such claims, in addition to paying monetary damages, we may lose valuable intellectual property rights or personnel. A loss of key research personnel or their work product could hamper or prevent our ability to commercialize certain potential drugs, which could severely harm our business. Even if we are successful in defending against these claims, litigation could result in substantial costs and be a distraction to management.
 
 
The S&P downgrade and any further downgrade of the United States’ credit rating could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
 
In recent months, each of Moody’s Investors Service, Standard & Poor’s Corp., and Fitch Ratings has publicly warned of the possibility of a downgrade to the United States’ credit rating.  On August 5, 2011, S&P downgraded its rating of the United States’ long-term debt to AA+.  Each of Moody’s and Fitch has maintained its rating of U.S. debt at AAA.  Any further credit downgrade (whether by S&P, Moody’s, or Fitch), and the attendant perceived risk that the United States may not pay its debt obligations when due, could have a material adverse effect on financial markets and economic conditions in the United States and throughout the world.  In turn, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.  In particular, these events could have a material adverse effect on the value and liquidity of financial assets.
 
Our investments in marketable securities are subject to risks which may cause losses and affect the liquidity of these investments.
 
We invest funds in excess of those needed for working capital and operating expenses in marketable securities which may include corporate equity securities, corporate notes, certificates of deposit, government securities and other financial instruments.  Significant declines in the value of these investments due to the operating performance of the companies we invest in or general economic or market conditions may result in the recognition of realized or impairment losses which could be material.
 
We may need to implement additional finance and accounting systems, procedures and controls to satisfy reporting requirements.
 
As a public reporting company, we are required to comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, including Section 404, and the related rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, including expanded disclosures and accelerated reporting requirements and more complex accounting rules. Compliance with Section 404 and other requirements will increase our costs and require additional management resources. We may need to continue to implement additional finance and accounting systems, procedures and controls to satisfy reporting requirements. While we have been able to complete an unqualified assessment as to the adequacy of our internal control over financial reporting for our fiscal year ending June 30, 2011, there is no assurance that future assessments of the adequacy of our internal control over financial reporting will be unqualified. If we are unable to obtain future unqualified reports as to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, investors could lose confidence in the reliability of our internal control over financial reporting, which could adversely affect our stock price.
 
Our corporate compliance program cannot guarantee that we are in compliance with all potentially applicable regulations.
 
The development, manufacturing, pricing, sales, coverage and reimbursement of our products, together with our general operations, are subject to extensive regulation by federal, state and other authorities within the United States and numerous entities outside of the United States. While we have developed and instituted a corporate compliance program based on what we believe are the current best practices, we cannot provide any assurance that governmental authorities will find that our business practices comply with current or future administrative or judicial interpretations of potentially applicable laws and regulations. If we fail to comply with any of these laws and regulations, we could be subject to a range of regulatory actions, including suspension or termination of clinical trials, the failure to approve a product candidate, restrictions on our products or manufacturing processes, withdrawal of products from the market, significant fines, or other sanctions or litigation.
 
 
Our facility in California is located near an earthquake fault, and an earthquake or other types of natural disasters or resource shortages could disrupt our operations and adversely affect results.
 
Important documents and records, such as hard copies of our laboratory books and records for our drug candidates and compounds, are located in our corporate headquarters at a single location in Sunnyvale, California, which is near active earthquake zones. We do not have a formal business continuity or disaster recovery plan, and could therefore experience a significant business interruption in the event of a natural disaster, such as an earthquake, drought or flood, or localized extended outages of critical utilities or transportation systems. In addition, California from time to time has experienced shortages of water, electric power and natural gas. Future shortages and conservation measures could disrupt our operations and cause expense, thus adversely affecting our business and financial results.
 
Anti-takeover provisions in our charter documents and Delaware law could prevent or delay a change in control.
 
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a merger or acquisition that a stockholder may consider favorable. In addition, provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law also restrict certain business combinations with interested stockholders. These provisions are intended to encourage potential acquirers to negotiate with us and allow our board of directors the opportunity to consider alternative proposals in the interest of maximizing stockholder value. However, these prohibitions may also discourage acquisition proposals or delay or prevent a change in control, which could harm our stock price.
 
Risks Related to Our Industry
 
We face rapid technological change and intense competition.
 
The pharmaceutical industry is subject to rapid and substantial technological change. Therapies designed by other companies to treat the conditions that are the focus of our products are currently in clinical trials. Developments by others may render our products under development or technologies noncompetitive or obsolete, or we may be unable to keep pace with technological developments or other market factors. Technological competition in the industry from pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, universities, governmental entities and others diversifying into the field is intense and is expected to increase. Many of these entities have significantly greater research and development capabilities than we do, as well as substantially more marketing, sales, manufacturing, financial and managerial resources. These entities represent significant competition for us. Acquisitions of, or investments in, competing pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies by large corporations could increase such competitors’ financial, marketing, manufacturing and other resources. In addition, we may experience competition from companies that have acquired or may acquire technology from universities and other research institutions. As these companies develop their technologies, they may develop proprietary positions that compete with our products. We are engaged in the development of novel therapeutic technologies. Our resources are limited and we may experience technical challenges inherent in such novel technologies.
 
Competitors have developed or are in the process of developing technologies that are, or in the future may be, the basis for competitive products. Some of these products may have an entirely different approach or means of accomplishing similar therapeutic effects than our products. Our competitors may develop products that are safer, more effective or less costly than our products and, therefore, present a serious competitive threat to our product offerings. Our competitors may price their products below ours, may receive better coverage and/or reimbursement or may have products that are more cost effective than ours.
 
 
The widespread acceptance of therapies that are alternatives to ours may limit market acceptance of our products even if commercialized. The diseases for which we are developing our therapeutic products can also be treated, in the case of cancer, by surgery, radiation, biologics and chemotherapy. These treatments are widely accepted in the medical community and have a long history of use. The established use of these competitive products may limit the potential for our products to receive widespread acceptance if commercialized.
 
The price of our common stock is volatile.
 
The market prices for securities of biotechnology companies, including ours, have historically been highly volatile. Our stock, like that of many other companies, has from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations sometimes unrelated to operating performance. For example, during the period beginning July 1, 2009 and ending August 31, 2011, the sales price for one share of our common stock reached a high of $12.81 per share and a low of $1.23 per share. The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly due to a variety of factors, including:
 
 
·
the progress and results of our preclinical testing, clinical trials, product development and partnering activities;
 
 
·
quarterly fluctuations in our financial results;
 
 
·
the development of technological innovations or new therapeutic products by us, our competitors or others;
 
 
·
changes in governmental regulation;
 
 
·
developments in patent or other proprietary rights by us, our competitors or others;
 
 
·
developments and/or announcements by us, our competitors or others;
 
 
·
litigation;
 
 
·
public concern as to the safety of products developed by us, our competitors or others;
 
 
·
departure of key personnel;
 
 
·
ability to manufacture our products to commercial standards;
 
 
·
changes in the structure of healthcare payment systems and the coverage and reimbursement policies of governmental and other third-party payers;
 
 
·
our ability to successfully commercialize our products if they are approved;
 
 
·
comments by securities analysts; and
 
 
·
general market conditions in our industry.
 
In addition, if any of the risks described in this section entitled “Risk Factors” actually occur, there could be a dramatic and material adverse impact on the market price of our common stock.
 
 
If our products are not accepted by the market or if users of our products are unable to obtain adequate coverage of and reimbursement for our products from government and other third-party payers, our revenues and profitability will suffer.
 
Our ability to commercialize our products successfully will depend in significant part on the extent to which appropriate coverage of and reimbursement for our products and related treatments are obtained from governmental authorities, private health insurers and other organizations, such as HMOs. Third-party payers are increasingly challenging the prices charged for medical products and services. We cannot provide any assurances that third- party payers will consider our products cost-effective or provide coverage of and reimbursement for our products, in whole or in part.
 
Uncertainty exists as to the coverage and reimbursement status of newly approved medical products and services and newly approved indications for existing products. Third-party payers may conclude that our products are less safe, less clinically effective, or less cost-effective than existing products, and third-party payers may not approve our products for coverage and reimbursement. If we are unable to obtain adequate coverage of and reimbursement for our products from third-party payers, physicians may limit how much or under what circumstances they will prescribe or administer them. Such reduction or limitation in use of our products could cause our sales to suffer. Even if third-party payers make reimbursement available, payment levels may not be sufficient to make the sale of our products profitable.
 
Also, the trend towards managed health care in the United States and the concurrent growth of organizations such as HMOs, which could control or significantly influence the purchase of medical services and products, may result in inadequate coverage of and reimbursement for our products. Many third- party payers, including in particular HMOs, are pursuing various ways to reduce pharmaceutical costs, including, for instance, the use of formularies. The market for our products depends on access to such formularies, which are lists of medications for which third-party payers provide reimbursement. These formularies are increasingly restricted, and pharmaceutical companies face significant competition in their efforts to place their products on formularies of HMOs and other third-party payers. This increased competition has led to a downward pricing pressure in the industry. The cost containment measures that third-party payers are instituting could have a material adverse effect on our ability to operate profitably.
 
Current health care laws and regulations, including the recently enacted health care reform, as well as future legislative or regulatory changes to the healthcare system, may affect our ability to sell our products profitably.
 
In the United States, there has been recent legislation, as well as legislative and regulatory proposals, changing the healthcare system in ways that may affect our future revenues and profitability, and the future revenues and profitability of our potential customers, suppliers and collaborative partners, and the availability of capital. Federal and state lawmakers regularly propose and, at times, enact legislation that would result in significant changes to the healthcare system and, in particular, that are intended to contain or reduce the costs of medical products and services.
 
The most significant recent health care legislation is the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act, or the “Healthcare Reform Act”, which President Obama signed into law in March 2010.  This law substantially changes how health care is funded by the state and federal government as well as private insurers, and significantly impacts the pharmaceutical industry. Though the full effect of the Healthcare Reform Act on pharmaceutical companies has yet to be seen, the changes that may affect our business include those governing enrollment in federal healthcare programs, reimbursement changes, new governmental programs, and fraud and abuse enforcements. The Healthcare Reform Act takes effect in stages through 2018.
 
 
Certain aspects of the Health Care Reform Act are likely to adversely affect pharmaceutical manufacturers in particular. For example, in 2011, the Healthcare Reform Act will impose non-deductible annual flat fees on pharmaceutical manufacturers and importers based upon relative market share. Furthermore, as part of the Healthcare Reform Act closing a funding gap in the Medicare Part D prescription drug program, certain pharmaceutical manufacturers will be required to provide a 50% discount on drugs dispensed to beneficiaries within this funding gap.
 
There also have been and likely will continue to be legislative and regulatory proposals at the state and federal levels that could bring about significant changes to the Medicaid drug rebate program and other federal pharmaceutical pricing and rebate programs. Given these and other recent federal and state government initiatives directed at lowering the total cost of health care, federal and state lawmakers will likely continue to focus on health care reform, the cost of prescription pharmaceuticals and on the reform of the Medicare and Medicaid programs. These efforts could adversely affect our business by, among other possibilities, limiting the prices that can be charged for drugs we develop or the amount of reimbursement available for these products from governmental agencies or third-party payers, limiting the profits that pharmaceutical companies may earn on certain sales, increasing the tax obligations on pharmaceutical companies, increasing our rebate liability, or limiting our commercial opportunity. We cannot predict the impact on our business of any legislation or regulations that may be adopted in the future. Any cost containment measures and other healthcare system reforms that are adopted could have a material adverse effect on our ability to operate profitably.
 
We may need to change our business practices to comply with health care fraud and abuse regulations, and our failure to comply with such laws could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Our operations will be directly, or indirectly through our customers, subject to various state and federal fraud and abuse laws, including, without limitation, the federal Anti-Kickback Statute and False Claims Act. These laws may impact, among other things, our proposed sales, marketing and education programs.
 
The federal Anti-Kickback Statute prohibits persons from knowingly and willfully soliciting, offering, receiving or providing remuneration, directly or indirectly, in exchange for or to induce either the referral of an individual, or the furnishing or arranging for a good or service, for which payment may be made under a federal healthcare program such as the Medicare and Medicaid programs. Several courts have interpreted the statute’s intent requirement to mean that if any one purpose of an arrangement involving remuneration is to induce referrals of federal healthcare covered business, the statute has been violated. The Anti-Kickback Statute is broad and prohibits many arrangements and practices that are lawful in businesses outside of the healthcare industry. Recognizing that the Anti-Kickback Statute is broad and may technically prohibit many innocuous or beneficial arrangements, Congress authorized the Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) to issue a series of regulations, known as the “safe harbors.” These safe harbors set forth provisions that, if all their applicable requirements are met, will assure healthcare providers and other parties that they will not be prosecuted under the Anti-Kickback Statute. The failure of a transaction or arrangement to fit precisely within one or more safe harbors does not necessarily mean that it is illegal or that prosecution will be pursued. However, conduct and business arrangements that do not fully satisfy each applicable safe harbor may result in increased scrutiny by government enforcement authorities such as the OIG. Penalties for violations of the federal Anti-Kickback Statute include criminal penalties and civil sanctions such as fines, imprisonment and possible exclusion from Medicare, Medicaid and other federal healthcare programs. Many states have also adopted laws similar to the federal Anti-Kickback Statute, some of which apply to the referral of patients for healthcare items or services reimbursed by any source, not only the Medicare and Medicaid programs.
 
 
The federal False Claims Act prohibits persons from knowingly filing or causing to be filed a false claim to, or the knowing use of false statements to obtain payment from, the federal government. Suits filed under the False Claims Act, known as “qui tam” actions, can be brought by any individual on behalf of the government and such individuals, sometimes known as “relators” or, more commonly, as “whistleblowers,” may share in any amounts paid by the entity to the government in fines or settlement. The frequency of filing of qui tam actions has increased significantly in recent years, causing greater numbers of healthcare companies to have to defend a False Claim action. When an entity is determined to have violated the federal False Claims Act, it may be required to pay up to three times the actual damages sustained by the government, plus civil penalties of between $5,500 to $11,000 for each separate false claim. Various states have also enacted laws modeled after the federal False Claims Act.
 
In addition to the laws described above, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 created two new federal crimes: healthcare fraud and false statements relating to healthcare matters. The healthcare fraud statute prohibits knowingly and willfully executing a scheme to defraud any healthcare benefit program, including private payers. A violation of this statute is a felony and may result in fines, imprisonment or exclusion from government sponsored programs. The false statements statute prohibits knowingly and willfully falsifying, concealing or covering up a material fact or making any materially false, fictitious or fraudulent statement in connection with the delivery of or payment for healthcare benefits, items or services. A violation of this statute is a felony and may result in fines or imprisonment.
 
If our operations are found to be in violation of any of the laws described above and other applicable state and federal fraud and abuse laws, we may be subject to penalties, including civil and criminal penalties, damages, fines, exclusion from government healthcare programs, and the curtailment or restructuring of our operations.
 
Our business exposes us to product liability claims.
 
The testing, manufacture, marketing and sale of our products involve an inherent risk that product liability claims will be asserted against us. We face the risk that the use of our products in human clinical trials will result in adverse effects. If we complete clinical testing for our products and receive regulatory approval to market our products, we will mark our products with warnings that identify the known potential adverse effects and the patients who should not receive our product. We cannot ensure that physicians and patients will comply with these warnings. In addition, unexpected adverse effects may occur even with use of our products that receive approval for commercial sale. Although we are insured against such risks in connection with clinical trials, our present product liability insurance may be inadequate. A successful product liability claim in excess of our insurance coverage could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Any successful product liability claim may prevent us from obtaining adequate product liability insurance in the future on commercially desirable or reasonable terms. In addition, product liability coverage may cease to be available in sufficient amounts or at an acceptable cost. An inability to obtain sufficient insurance coverage at an acceptable cost or otherwise to protect against potential product liability claims could prevent or inhibit the commercialization of our pharmaceutical products. A product liability claim or recall would have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Our business involves environmental risks.
 
In connection with our research and development activities and our manufacture of materials and products, we are subject to federal, state and local laws, rules, regulations and policies governing the use, generation, manufacture, storage, air emission, effluent discharge, handling and disposal of certain materials, biological specimens and wastes. Although we believe that we have complied with the applicable laws, regulations and policies in all material respects and have not been required to correct any material noncompliance, we may be required to incur significant costs to comply with environmental and health and safety regulations in the future. Our research and development involves the controlled use of hazardous materials, including but not limited to certain hazardous chemicals and radioactive materials. Although we believe that our safety procedures for handling and disposing of such materials comply with the standards prescribed by state and federal regulations, we cannot completely eliminate the risk of contamination or injury from these materials. In the event of such an occurrence, we could be held liable for any damages that result and any such liability could exceed our resources.
 
Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.
 
Properties
 
Our corporate offices are located in Sunnyvale, California, where, as of July 1, 2011, we lease approximately 64,800 square feet under an operating lease that expires in November 2017, with an option to extend the term for an additional five years.  Our facility includes administrative and research and development space. We believe our existing facility is adequate to meet our current needs and that suitable additional space will be available as needed.
 
Legal Proceedings
 
None.
 
(Removed and Reserved)
 
 
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Our common stock trades on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol "PCYC." The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low sales prices of our common stock.
 
   
HIGH
   
LOW
 
FISCAL YEAR ENDED June 30, 2011
           
First Quarter
  $ 8.42     $ 6.36  
Second Quarter
    8.22       5.29  
Third Quarter
    6.52       4.88  
Fourth Quarter
    10.63       5.66  
                 
FISCAL YEAR ENDED June 30, 2010
               
First Quarter
  $ 2.41     $ 1.13  
Second Quarter
    3.40       1.71  
Third Quarter
    6.92       3.01  
Fourth Quarter
    8.60       5.45  
 
 
As of August 31, 2011, there were 116 holders of record of our common stock. We have not paid cash dividends on our common stock since our inception and we do not anticipate paying any in the foreseeable future.
 
Performance Graph (1)
 
The following graph compares our total stockholder returns for the past five years to two indices: the Nasdaq Composite Index and the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index.  The total return for each index assumes the reinvestment of all dividends, if any, paid by companies included in these indices.
 
The stockholder return shown on the graph below is not necessarily indicative of future performance, and we do not make or endorse any predictions as to future stockholder returns.
 

(1)
This section is not “soliciting material,” is not deemed “filed” with the SEC and is not to be incorporated by reference in any of our filings under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act whether made before or after the date hereof and  irrespective of any general incorporation language in any such filing.
 
(2)
Shows the cumulative return on investment assuming an investment of $100 in our common stock, the Nasdaq Composite Index and the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index at June 30, 2006.
 
Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
Not Applicable.
 
Stock Repurchases in the Fourth Quarter
 
Not Applicable.
 
Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans
 
See Item 12, “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” for information with respect to our compensation plans under which equity securities are authorized for issuance.
 
 
Selected Financial Data
 
The data set forth below should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the financial statements and related notes included elsewhere herein.
 
   
Years Ended June 30,
   
Inception
(April 19,1991)
Through June 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
 
2009
   
2008
   
2007
   
2011
 
   
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
       
STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS DATA:
                                   
Revenues(1):
                                   
  License and milestone revenues
  $ 8,233     $ 9,307     $ -     $ -     $ -     $ 25,395  
  Grant and contract revenues
    -       -       -       -       126       6,154  
 Total revenues
    8,233       9,307       -       -       126       31,549  
                                                 
Operating expenses: (2)
                                               
  Research and development
    34,482       17,358       13,954       18,180       21,115       377,716  
  General and administrative
    9,125       7,561       8,474       7,332       7,403       101,301  
  Purchased in-process research and development
    -       -       -       -       -       6,647  
Total operating expenses
    43,607       24,919       22,428       25,512       28,518       485,664  
                                                 
Loss from operations
    (35,374 )     (15,612 )     (22,428 )     (25,512 )     (28,392 )     (454,115 )
                                                 
Interest income
    169       81       137       1,206       2,175       43,194  
Interest expense and other income (expense), net (3)
    2       (43 )     (606 )     8       -       (2,204 )
Loss before benefit (provision) for income taxes
    (35,203 )     (15,574 )     (22,897 )     (24,298 )     (26,217 )     (413,125 )
                                                 
Benefit (provision) for income taxes
    -       550       (550 )     -       -       -  
                                                 
Net Loss
  $ (35,203 )   $ (15,024 )   $ (23,447 )   $ (24,298 )   $ (26,217 )   $ (413,125 )
Basic and diluted net loss per share(4)
  $ (0.59 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.88 )   $ (0.93 )   $ (1.08 )        
                                                 
Weighted average shares used to compute  basic and diluted net loss per share
    59,973       48,344       26,570       25,989       24,175          
 
   
June 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
   
2008
   
2007
 
   
(in thousands)
 
BALANCE SHEET DATA:
                             
 Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities(5)
  $ 112,329     $ 74,149     $ 16,326     $ 16,755     $ 38,762  
Total assets
    116,352       76,820       18,301       18,367       41,095  
Deferred revenue
    7,000       6,099       11,628       -       -  
Total liabilities
    14,678       10,059       20,042       1,922       2,694  
Deficit accumulated during development stage
    (413,125 )     (377,922 )     (362,898 )     (339,451 )     (315,153 )
Total stockholders' equity (deficit)
    101,674       66,761       (1,741 )     16,445       38,401  
 
(1)
See Note 2 to the financial statements for a discussion of revenue recognition related to the Servier agreement.
 
(2)
See Note 6 to the financial statements for a description of share-based compensation included in operating expenses in 2011, 2010 and 2009.
 
(3)
See Note 5 to the financial statements for a discussion of interest expense on related party notes payable in 2010 and 2009.
 
(4)
See Note 1 to the financial statements for a description of the computation of basic and diluted net loss per share.
 
(5)
See Note 6 to the financial statements for a description of equity financings completed during fiscal 2011 and 2010.
 
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
In addition to historical information, this report contains predictions, estimates, assumptions and other forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Actual results could differ materially from any future performance suggested in this report as a result of the risks, uncertainties and other factors described herein and elsewhere in this report, including those discussed in “Risk Factors.”
 
Company Overview
 
We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering and developing innovative small-molecule drugs for the treatment of cancer and immune-mediated diseases.  Our mission and goal is to build a viable biopharmaceutical company that commercializes novel therapies intended to improve quality of life, increase duration of life and resolve serious unmet medical healthcare needs.  We identify promising product candidates using our scientific development expertise, develop our products in a rapid, cost-efficient manner and pursue commercialization and/or development partners when and where appropriate.
 
Presently, we have three product candidates in clinical development and several preclinical molecules in lead optimization.  To date, substantially all of our resources have been dedicated to the research and development of our products, and we have not generated any commercial revenues from the sale of our products.  We do not anticipate the generation of any product commercial revenues until we receive the necessary regulatory and marketing approvals to launch one of our products.
 
We have incurred significant operating losses since our inception in 1991, and as of June 30, 2011, had an accumulated deficit of $413,125,000. The process of developing and commercializing our products requires significant research and development, preclinical testing, clinical trials and manufacturing arrangements as well as regulatory and marketing approvals. These activities, together with our general and administrative expenses, are expected to result in significant operating losses until the commercialization of our products, or partner collaborations, generate sufficient revenues to cover our expenses.  We expect that losses will fluctuate from quarter to quarter and that such fluctuations may be substantial. Achieving profitability depends upon our ability to successfully complete the development of our products, obtain required regulatory approvals and successfully commercialize our products.
 
Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase (Btk) Inhibitor for Oncology
 
PCI-32765 is an orally active small molecule inhibitor of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (Btk) that we are developing for the treatment of patients with B-cell lymphoma or leukemia.  B-cell maturation is mediated by B-cell receptor (BCR) signal transduction and Btk is an essential part of the BCR signaling pathway. Recently, Btk has been demonstrated to affect a number of vital growth and survival processes in cancerous B-cells.
 
As reported at the ASCO annual meeting in June 2011, in a Phase IB/II trial in CLL/SLL, single agent PCI-32765 has been well-tolerated; discontinuation of treatment for adverse events occurred in 3 of 83 patients. Diarrhea, nausea/ vomiting, and dyspepsia were the most frequently reported events and were typically of modest severity. Significant neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were uncommon in the 420mg qD cohorts, but more frequently observed (18%, 9% respectively) in the 840mg qD cohort in spite of a shorter follow-up. As previously reported, a characteristic pattern of response occurred in the CLL patients, with rapid reduction of lymph node disease and a corresponding initial phase of lymphocytosis, which is an increase in the amount of lymphocytes – a type of white blood cell. The resolution of lymphocytosis was more rapid in treatment-naïve versus relapsed/ refractory patients, corresponding to a more rapid evolution of overall response per standard criteria in treatment-naïve patients. At a median follow-up of 6.3 months, 67% of patients with treatment-naïve disease had achieved an overall response by standard criteria, with an additional 19% of patients achieving a nodal response. At a median follow-up of 7.8 months in the cohort of relapsed/ refractory patients treated with 420mg qD, the rate of overall objective response was 48% with an additional 41% of patients having achieved a nodal response. The initial response assessment at 2 months in patients with relapsed/ refractory disease appeared similar between the 420mg qD and 840mg qD doses. Additionally, achieving response appeared to be independent of poor-risk features, such as del (17p), del (11q), and lack of mutation in the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene. Through June 30, 2011, three patients have experienced disease progression, and 81% of relapsed/ refractory patients in the more mature 420mg qD cohort are on treatment and free-of-progression at 6 months.
 
 
In August 2011, we entered into a five-year Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to collaborate on the development of PCI-32765.  Under the Agreement, the NCI's Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis plans to sponsor Phase I and Phase II trials of PCI-32765 in various hematologic malignancies.
 
We have initiated a Phase II program that will enable potential registrational paths in CLL, MCL, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We anticipate that this Phase II program should allow for Phase III enabling decisions in these indications based upon ongoing analysis of the data. The ongoing Phase II program currently includes the following studies:
 
 
·
PCYC-1104:  A multicenter, phase II study of PCI-32765 in relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma, including cohorts of subjects either previously treated with bortezomib or naïve to bortezomib treatment. This trial is activated in several US sites and is currently enrolling patients.
 
 
·
PCYC-1106:  A multicenter, open-label, Phase II study of PCI 32765 in subjects with relapsed or refractory DLBCL. This study is designed to assess the activity of PCI-32765 in two genetically distinct subtypes of DLBCL, the activated B-cell (ABC) subtype and the germinal center (GC) subtype. This trial is activated in several US sites and is currently enrolling patients.
 
 
·
PCYC-1108: A Phase IB, multicenter, open-label, study of PCI-32765, in combination with intensive immune chemotherapy (FCR or BR)* in subjects with CLL or SLL lymphoma. This trial is activated in several US sites and is currently enrolling patients. *(FCR = fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab; BR = bendamustine and rituximab)
 
 
·
PCYC-1109:  A phase IB/II study of PCI-32765 and ofatumumab in subjects with relapsed or refractory CLL or SLL. This is a single site trial and is currently enrolling patients.
 
Factor VIIa Inhibitor
 
PCI-27483 is a potent and selective first-in-human small molecule inhibitor of coagulation (clotting) Factor VIIa. PCI-27483 suppresses the active form of Factor VII (FVIIa) that arises from interaction with the cell surface membrane protein known as tissue factor (TF). The FVIIa: TF complex is found at elevated levels in cancers of the pancreas, stomach, colon and lung.  The activity of this complex triggers a host of patho-physiologic processes that facilitate tumor blood vessel formation (angiogenesis), growth and metastases.  In pancreatic cancer patients, elevated levels of the FVIIa: TF complex correlates with an increased propensity to develop thromboses, also known as blood clots. Studies in laboratory animals indicate that PCI-27483 inhibits the growth of tumors that express TF.
 
 
We have completed Phase I testing of Factor VIIa Inhibitor PCI-27483 in healthy volunteers. In this study, PCI-27483 caused no adverse events, and we were able to establish the International Normalized Ratio (INR) as a pharmacodynamic marker for evaluation in clinical trials.
 
A multicenter Phase I/II of PCI-27483 in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer that are either receiving or are planned to receive gemcitabine therapy is currently ongoing.  The Phase I portion of the study, which evaluated safety and established the Phase II dose of PCI-27483, has completed enrollment and interim results were reported at the 2011 GI Cancers Symposium on January 21, 2011. The Phase II portion of the study is enrolling and patients are being randomized to receive either gemcitabine alone or gemcitabine plus PCI-27483 (1.2 mg/kg twice daily). The objectives of this phase of the study are to: a) assess the safety of Pharmacyclics  FVIIa Inhibitor PCI-27483 at pharmacologically active dose levels; b) to assess potential inhibition of tumor progression and c) obtain initial information of the effects on the incidence of thromboembolic events.
 
Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) Inhibitor
 
PCI-24781 is an orally-bioavailable histone deacetylase inhibitor that is currently in multiple clinical trials. Histone deacetylases are cellular enzymes whose functions include turning gene expression off and on. PCI-24781 targets histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes and inhibits their function.  We have shown that PCI-24781 impacts the tumor cells by multiple mechanisms including a re-expression of tumor suppressor genes, disruption of DNA repair mechanisms, cell cycle inhibition and the generation of reactive oxygen species.  Previous clinical trials have demonstrated that our HDAC Inhibitor PCI-24781 has favorable systemic elimination properties when dosed orally, and inhibits the target enzymes.  Clinical response or control of tumor growth has been recorded in three single-agent clinical trials to date.
 
We are currently conducting a Phase I trial in patients with advanced solid tumors, a Phase I/II trial in sarcoma patients (in combination with doxorubicin, an anti tumor agent) and a Phase I/II trial  testing PCI-24781 in patients with relapsed or refractory Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Currently we are enrolling patients in the Phase II portion of this trial in patients with follicular lymphoma.
 
The HDAC Inhibitor PCI-24781 has been studied in over 100 patients treated in clinical trials thus far. The main dose-limiting toxicity observed has been a rapidly reversible thrombocytopenia (a decrease in platelets, which are blood cells necessary for clotting). This effect is common among HDAC inhibitors and is considered a class effect (i.e. related to the pharmacologic mechanism of action).  The duration and severity of the thrombocytopenia has been managed using novel dose scheduling strategies that we have developed and tested in the clinic.
 
We are subject to risks common to pharmaceutical companies developing products, including risks inherent in our research, development and commercialization efforts, preclinical testing, clinical trials, uncertainty of regulatory and marketing approvals, uncertainty of market acceptance of our products, history of and expectation of future operating losses, reliance on collaborative partners, enforcement of patent and proprietary rights, and the need for future capital.  In order for a product to be commercialized, we must conduct preclinical tests and clinical trials, demonstrate efficacy and safety of our product candidates to the satisfaction of regulatory authorities, obtain marketing approval, enter into manufacturing, distribution and marketing arrangements, build a U.S. commercial capability, obtain market acceptance and, in many cases, obtain adequate coverage of and reimbursement for our products from government and private insurers.  We cannot provide assurance that we will generate revenues or achieve and sustain profitability in the future.
 
Critical Accounting Policies, Estimates and Judgments
 
This discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition and clinical trial accruals. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results, however, may differ significantly from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions and may adversely affect the financial statements.
 
 
We believe the following critical accounting policies reflect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements and accompanying notes.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
We recognize revenue when all four revenue recognition criteria have been met:  persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; the fee is fixed or determinable; and collectability is reasonably assured.  Revenue under our license and collaboration arrangements is recognized based on the performance requirements of the contract. Amounts received under such arrangements consist of up-front collaboration payments, periodic milestone payments and payments for research activities. Our collaborations prior to July 1, 2010 with multiple elements were evaluated and divided into separate units of accounting if certain criteria were met, including whether the delivered element had stand-alone value and whether there was verifiable objective and reliable evidence (VSOE) of the fair value of the undelivered items.  The consideration we received was combined and recognized as a single unit of accounting when criteria for separation were not met.  Future collaborations with multiple elements will follow the separation criteria in Accounting Standards Update 2009-13 Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables.  Revenue will be allocated to each element using a selling price hierarchy, where the selling price for an element is based on VSOE if available; third-party evidence (TPE), if available and VSOE is not available; or the best estimate of selling price, if neither VSOE nor TPE is available.
 
Up-front payments under agreements which include future performance requirements are recorded as deferred revenue and are recognized over the performance period. The performance period is estimated at the inception of the arrangement and is reevaluated at each reporting period. The reevaluation of the performance period may shorten or lengthen the period during which the deferred revenue is recognized. Revenues related to substantive, at-risk collaboration milestones are recognized upon achievement of the event specified in the underlying agreement. Revenues for research activities are recognized as the related research efforts are performed.
 
Research and Development Expenses and Accruals
 
Research and development expenses include personnel and facility-related expenses, outside contracted services including clinical trial costs, manufacturing and process development costs, research costs and other consulting services. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.
 
Our cost accruals for clinical trials are based on estimates of the services received and efforts expended pursuant to contracts with clinical trial centers and clinical research organizations. In the normal course of business we contract with third parties to perform various clinical trial activities in the on-going development of potential products. The financial terms of these agreements are subject to negotiation and vary from contract to contract and may result in uneven payment flows. Payments under the contracts depend on factors such as the achievement of certain events, the successful enrollment of patients, the completion of portions of the clinical trial or similar conditions. The objective of our accrual policy is to match the recording of expenses in our financial statements to the actual services received and efforts expended. As such, expense accruals related to clinical trials are recognized based on our estimate of the degree of completion of the event or events specified in the specific clinical study or trial contract.
 
 
Share-Based Compensation
 
Share-based compensation cost for employee stock options is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award.  The accounting grant date for employee stock options with performance obligations is the date on which the performance goals have been defined and a mutual understanding of the terms has been reached.  Generally options with performance obligations vest over a four year period, with the goals set and agreed upon annually. Share-based compensation for non-employee stock options is re-estimated at each period-end through the vesting date.
 
The fair value of each stock option is estimated using the Black Scholes option-pricing model. Expected volatility is based on historical volatility data of our stock. The expected term of stock options granted is based on historical data and represents the period of time that stock options are expected to be outstanding.  The expected term for each of our employee options, non-employee options and our Employee Stock Purchase Plan is calculated for and applied to one group of grants as we do not expect substantially different exercise or post-vesting termination behavior among our employee or non-employee population.  The risk-free interest rate is based on a zero-coupon United States Treasury bond whose maturity period equals the expected term of the our options.
 
Options vest upon the passage of time or a combination of time and the achievement of certain performance obligations.  The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors will determine if the performance conditions have been met.  Share-based compensation expense for the options with performance obligations is recorded when the company believes that the vesting of these options is probable.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
See Note 1, The Company and Significant Accounting Policies, in Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of Part II of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, for a full description of recent accounting pronouncements, including the expected dates of adoption and estimated effects on financial condition and results of operations, which is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Results of Operations
 
Revenues
 
The following table summarizes our revenue over the last three fiscal years (in thousands):
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
 
License and milestone revenues
  $ 8,233     $ 9,307     $ -  
 
We recorded $8,228,000 and $9,307,000 in revenue in the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, associated with our collaboration and license agreement with Servier which was entered into in April 2009.  Given that the deliverables under the collaboration agreement with Servier did not meet criteria in the accounting rules for separation (e.g., no separately identifiable fair value), the arrangement has been treated as a single unit-of-accounting for purposes of revenue recognition.  We recognized the combined unit of accounting over the estimated period required to complete the research activities (two years), which coincided with the delivery period for all substantive obligations or “deliverables” associated with this agreement.  Of the total revenue for the year ended June 30, 2011, $4,355,000 represents amortization of the $11,000,000 upfront payment from Servier received in April 2009 and the remainder represents the pro-rata completion of services associated with research payments, our supply commitment and reimbursement of patent expenses.
 
 
The collaboration and license agreement required us to enter into an agreement to supply drug product for Servier’s use in clinical trials.  As the supply agreement was considered part of the arrangement we deferred recognition of all revenue under the Servier collaboration agreement until the supply agreement was completed and executed in our fiscal 2010 second quarter.  Of the total research and development collaboration revenues for the year ended June 30, 2010, $6,645,000 represent amortization of the $11,000,000 upfront payment from Servier received in April 2009.  Included in the Servier revenue recognized in fiscal 2010 was $1,211,000, which represents the pro rata portion of revenue attributable to the period from April 2009 (i.e., the signing of the collaboration agreement) to June 30, 2009, had the supply agreement been completed in April 2009.  The remaining fiscal 2010 revenue of $2,662,000 represents the pro-rata completion of services attributable to payments of $4,406,000 from Servier associated with research payments, our supply commitment and reimbursements of patent expenses.
 
Research and Development Expenses
 
The following table summarizes the period over period changes in our research and development (R&D) expenses over the last three fiscal years (in thousands):
 

 
   
2011
   
Change
   
2010
   
Change
   
2009
 
R & D expenses
  $ 34,482       99 %   $ 17,358       24 %   $ 13,954  

Research and development costs are identified as either directly attributed to one of our research and development programs or as an indirect cost, with only direct costs being tracked by specific program. Direct costs consist of personnel costs directly associated with a program, preclinical study costs, clinical trial costs, and related clinical drug and device development and manufacturing costs, drug formulation costs, contract services and other research expenditures. Indirect costs consist of personnel costs not directly associated with a program, overhead and facility costs and other support service expenses. The following table summarizes our principal product development initiatives, including the related stages of development for each product, the direct costs attributable to each product and total indirect costs for each respective period.  For a discussion of the risks and uncertainties associated with the timing and cost of completing a product development phase, see the Risk Factors discussed in this Annual Report.
 
Prior to fiscal 1999, we did not track our research and development expenses by specific program and for this reason we cannot accurately estimate our total historical costs on a specific program basis. Direct costs by program and indirect costs were as follows (in thousands):
 
               
Related R&D Expenses
Years ended June 30,
 
Product
 
Description
 
Phase of Development
 
Estimated Completion of Phase
 
2011
   
2010
   
2009
 
Btk Inhibitors
 
Cancer/autoimmune
 
Phase II
 
Unknown
  $ 21,734     $ 6,565     $ 3,075  
HDAC Inhibitors
 
Cancer/autoimmune
 
Phase I/II
 
Unknown
    2,082       2,596       3,731  
Factor VIIa Inhibitor
 
Cancer
 
Phase II
 
Unknown
    2,142       2,227       1,475  
MGd
 
Cancer
 
Phase II
 
Unknown
    62       174       964  
   
Total direct costs
            26,020       11,562       9,245  
   
   Indirect costs
            8,462       5,796       4,709  
   
Total research and development costs
          $ 34,482     $ 17,358     $ 13,954  
 
 
Research and development expenses increased $17,124,000, or 99%, for the year ended June 30, 2011 compared with the year ended June 30, 2010.  The increase, which is net of approximately $586,000 ($733,000, net of $147,000 in related expenses) received from a Therapeutic Discovery Project Tax Credit, was primarily due to the following:
 
 
·
Btk program costs increased $15,169,000, or 231%, driven by increased clinical trial activity.  Increases included $4,588,000 in outside clinical trial costs, $4,279,000 in drug-related costs, $3,884,000 in personnel costs, $1,773,000 in outside services and consulting costs and $340,000 in lab supplies.
 
 
·
HDAC program costs decreased $514,000, or 20%.  Decreases included $651,000 in personnel costs and $129,000 in outside services and consulting costs, partially offset by higher outside clinical trial costs, drug costs and lab supplies.
 
 
·
Factor Vlla program costs decreased $85,000, or 4%.  Decreases included $375,000 in drug costs and $31,000 in outside services and consulting costs, partially offset by higher outside clinical trial and personnel costs.
 
 
·
Indirect costs increased $2,666,000, or 46%, primarily due to an increase of $3,309,000 in share-based compensation costs, partially offset by lower other indirect personnel-related costs.
 
Research and development expenses increased $3,404,000, or 24% for the year ended June 30, 2010 compared with the year ended June 30, 2009 primarily due to the following:
 
 
·
Btk program costs increased $3,490,000, or 113% primarily due to increases of $615,000 in personnel costs, $557,000 in drug costs, $1,049,000 in outside clinical trial costs, $266,000 in preclinical costs, $423,000 in outside services and consulting costs and other increases associated with the increased activity.
 
 
·
HDAC program costs decreased $1,135,000, or 30% primarily due to a $1,000,000 payment in the prior year associated with the amendment of our license agreement with Celera.
 
 
·
Factor Vlla program costs increased $752,000 or 51% primarily due to increases of $467,000 in drug costs and $285,000 in outside clinical trial costs.
 
 
·
MGd program costs decreased $790,000, or 82% primarily due to decreases of $589,000 in personnel costs and $196,000 in consulting costs.
 
 
·
Indirect costs increased $1,087,000, or 23% primarily due to an increase of $963,000 in share-based compensation costs.
 
General and Administrative Expenses.
 
The following table summarizes the period over period changes in our general and administrative (G&A) expenses over the last three fiscal years.
 
   
2011
   
Change
   
2010
   
Change
   
2009
 
G&A expenses
  $ 9,125,000       21 %   $ 7,561,000       -11 %   $ 8,474,000  
 
The increase of 21% or $1,564,000 in general and administrative expenses for the year ended June 30, 2011 compared with the year ended June 30, 2010, was primarily due to a non-cash increase in share-based compensation of $1,319,000, a $413,000 increase in legal and patent costs and a $179,000 increase in recruiting and payroll costs.  These increases were partially offset by a $474,000 net decrease in consulting and other advisory services in 2011.
 
 
The decrease of 11% or $913,000 in general and administrative expenses for the year ended June 30, 2010 compared with the year ended June 30, 2009, was primarily due to a non-cash decrease in share-based compensation of $1,363,000 and a $522,000 decrease in other payroll-related costs that were primarily due to the absence of significant severance costs in 2010.  These decreases were partially offset by a fiscal 2010 increase of $819,000 in financial advisory expenses and $362,000 related to the provision of certain legal and patent outside services.
 
Interest and Other Income (Expense), Net.
 
The following table summarizes the period over period changes in our interest and other income, net, over the last three fiscal years.
 
   
2011
    Change  
2010
    Change  
2009
 
Interest income
  $ 169,000       109 %   $ 81,000       -41 %   $ 137,000  
Interest expense
    -       -       (43,000 )     -93 %     (618,000 )
Other, net
    2,000       -       -       -       12,000  
Interest and other income (expense), net
  $ 171,000             $ 38,000             $ (469,000 )
 
The increase of $133,000 in interest and other income (expense), net, for the year ended June 30, 2011 compared with the year ended June 30, 2010, was primarily due to higher interest income from higher invested balances during the year and the absence of interest expense in 2011.
 
The increase of $507,000 in interest and other income (expense), net, for the year ended June 30, 2010 compared with the year ended June 30, 2009, was primarily due to a decrease of $575,000 in interest expense due to settlement of the related party loans, partially offset by a $56,000 reduction of interest income due to lower average interest rates.
 
Income Taxes.
 
At June 30, 2011, we had federal and state net operating loss carry forwards of approximately $180,393,000 and $121,440,000, respectively. Approximately $7,400,000 of the federal net operating loss carry forwards relate to stock option deductions, the tax benefit of which will be accounted for directly to equity as additional paid in capital as they are utilized. The federal and state net operating loss carry forwards will begin to expire in 2012. Federal and state tax credit carry forwards of $4,771,000 and $9,635,000, respectively, are available to offset future taxable income. The federal tax credits will begin to expire in 2012. State research and development credits can be carried forward indefinitely.
 
Under the Tax Reform Act of 1986, the amounts of and the benefit from net operating losses and tax credit carry forwards that can be carried forward may be impaired or limited in certain circumstances. These circumstances include, but are not limited to, a cumulative stock ownership change of greater than 50%, as defined, over a three year period. This annual limitation may result in the expiration of net operating losses before utilization. We have determined that a cumulative stock ownership change happened and we have estimated that a significant portion of our net operating losses for federal and state tax purposes, as well as some amount of our federal research credits, will not be available for use in future periods due to these limitation rules.  The above estimated net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards reflect a reduction for the amounts we have estimated will expire unused.
 
In the year ended June 30, 2009, we recorded a $550,000 income tax provision as result of withholding taxes on the $11,000,000 upfront licensing payment received from Servier.  In the year ended June 30, 2010, we recorded a $550,000 income tax receivable related to a tax credit resulting from a December 2009 tax treaty revision enacted between France and the United States that eliminates withholding taxes related to licensing agreements and provides that prior withholding taxes may be reclaimed.
 
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Our principal sources of working capital have been private and public equity financings and also proceeds from collaborative research and development agreements, as well as interest income.  Since inception, we have used $351,921,000 of cash for operating activities and approximately $17,621,000 of cash for the purchase of laboratory and office equipment, leasehold improvements and payments under capital lease agreements.  As of June 30, 2011, we had $112,329,000 in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities.
 
Net cash used in operating activities of $22,271,000 during the year ended June 30, 2011 resulted primarily from our net loss partially offset by share-based compensation expense and an increase in accounts payable.  Net cash used in operating activities of $15,468,000 during the year ended June 30, 2010 resulted primarily from our net loss, a decrease in deferred revenue and an increase in prepaid and other assets, partially offset by share-based compensation expense and an increase in accounts payable.  Net cash used in operating activities was $8,175,000 for the year ended June 30, 2009 and resulted primarily from the operating loss partially offset by an increase in deferred revenue and non-cash share-based compensation expense
 
Net cash used in investing activities of $3,654,000 and $21,810,000 in the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 respectively, and net cash provided by investing activities in 2009 of $2,657,000 primarily consisted of the net effect of purchases, maturities and sales of marketable securities.  Additionally, our purchases of property and equipment increased to $1,150,000 in 2011 from $224,000 in 2010, largely due to purchases associated with the expansion of our leased facilities during the year.
 
Net cash provided by financing activities of $62,483,000 for the year ended June 30, 2011 consisted of $56,599,000 in net proceeds from the sale of approximately 6.4 million shares of common stock in a registered direct offering completed in June 2011 and the proceeds from the exercise of stock options and sale of stock under our employee stock purchase plan.   Net cash provided by financing activities of $73,943,000 for the year ended June 30, 2010 consisted primarily of $21,720,000 in net proceeds from the sale of approximately 22.5 million shares of common stock in a rights offering completed in August 2009, net proceeds of $50,793,000 from the sale of approximately 8.1 million shares of common stock in a registered direct offering completed in June 2010 and the proceeds from the exercise of stock options and sale of stock under our employee stock purchase plan. Net cash provided by financing activities of $7,792,000 in the year ended June 30, 2009 consisted of proceeds from notes payable and the sale of common stock.
 
In April 2009, we signed a collaboration and license agreement with Servier.  In May 2009, we received an upfront payment from Servier of $11,000,000 less applicable withholding taxes of $550,000, for a net payment of $10,450,000. The withholding tax will be reclaimed due to a revision in the Double Tax Treaty between the US and France.  We received an additional $4,000,000 from Servier for research collaboration in installments between 2009 and April 2011 and received a $7,000,000 advance milestone payment under the agreement in April 2011 (see Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements).
 
In December 2008, we borrowed $5,000,000 from an affiliate of Robert W. Duggan.  In March 2009, the loan amount was increased to $6,400,000.  In August 2009, pursuant to the terms of the loans, we repaid the $6,400,000 loans outstanding at June 30, 2009 through the issuance of shares in the rights offering.
 
 
Based upon the current status of our product development plans, we believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities will be adequate to satisfy our capital needs through at least the next twelve months. We expect research and development expenses, as a result of on-going and future clinical trials, to consume a large portion of our existing cash resources. Changes in our research and development plans or other changes affecting our operating expenses may affect actual future consumption of existing cash resources as well. In any event, due to our extensive drug programs we will need to raise substantial additional capital to fund our operations in the future. We may seek partnership collaborations to help fund the development of our product candidates.  We also expect to raise additional funds through the public or private sale of securities, bank debt, partnership collaboration or otherwise.  If we are unable to secure additional funds, whether through partnership collaborations or sale of our securities, we will have to delay, reduce the scope of or discontinue one or more of our product development programs. Our actual capital requirements will depend on many factors, including the following:
 
 
·
progress with preclinical studies and clinical trials;
 
 
·
the time and costs involved in obtaining regulatory approval;
 
 
·
continued progress of our research and development programs;
 
 
·
our ability to establish and maintain collaborative arrangements with third parties;
 
 
·
the costs involved in preparing, filing, prosecuting, maintaining and enforcing patent claims;
 
 
·
the amount and timing of capital equipment purchases; and
 
 
·
competing technological and market developments.
 
Our forecast of the period of time through which our financial resources will be adequate to support our operations is a forward-looking statement that involves risks and uncertainties, and actual results could vary materially. The factors described above will impact our future capital requirements and the adequacy of our available funds. If we are required to raise additional funds, we cannot be certain that such additional funding will be available on terms attractive to us, or at all. Furthermore, any additional equity financing may be highly dilutive, or otherwise disadvantageous, to existing stockholders and debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants. Collaborative arrangements, if necessary to raise additional funds, may require us to relinquish rights to certain of our technologies, products or marketing territories. Our failure to raise capital when needed and on acceptable terms, would require us to reduce our operating expenses and would limit our ability to respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated requirements to develop our product candidates and to continue operations, any of which would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
The following table summarizes our primary noncancelable contractual obligations as of June 30, 2011 (in thousands):
 
   
Payments due by Period
 
Contractual Obligations
 
Total
   
Less than one year
   
1-3 years
   
3-5 years
   
More than
5 years
 
Operating lease obligations
  $ 6,308     $ -     $ 2,554     $ 2,145     $ 1,609  
 Total
  $ 6,308     $ -     $ 2,554     $ 2,145     $ 1,609  

 
In January 2011, we entered into an amendment of our facilities lease agreement which added an additional 32,256 square feet of leased space, giving us a total of 64,776 square feet.  The amendment included an abatement of the monthly rent of the prior facility lease for the first 7 months, limited to $325,000, and a 12-month abatement for the added space, limited to $290,000. The amendment includes an option to extend the lease term for five years, an early termination fee of $20.00 per sq. ft and a relocation option.  The amended lease expires in November 2017.
 
In addition, we have entered into various agreements and purchase orders related to our clinical trials and general operations which have been excluded from the above table because they are cancellable prior to the date of delivery.
 
In April 2006, we acquired multiple small molecule drug candidates for the treatment of cancer and other diseases from Celera Genomics, an Applera Corporation business (now Celera Corporation – a subsidiary of Quest Diagnostics Incorporated).  Future milestone payments we could be required to make under the agreement, as amended, could total as much as approximately $97,000,000, although we currently cannot predict if or when any of the milestones will be achieved.  In addition, Celera will also be entitled to royalty payments based on annual sales of certain drugs commercialized from these programs.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
None.
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Our exposure to interest rate risk relates primarily to our investment portfolio. The fair market value of fixed rate securities may be adversely impacted due to fluctuations in interest rates, while floating rate securities may produce less income than expected if interest rates fall. Due in part to these factors, our future investment income may fall short of expectations due to changes in interest rates or we may suffer losses in principal if forced to sell securities which have declined in market value due to changes in interest rates. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal while at the same time improving yields without significantly increasing risk. To achieve this objective, we invest in debt instruments of the U.S. Government and its agencies and high-quality corporate issuers, and, by policy, restrict our exposure to any single corporate issuer by imposing concentration limits. To minimize the exposure due to adverse shifts in interest rates, we generally maintain investments at an average maturity of less than two years. Assuming a hypothetical increase in interest rates of one percentage point, the fair value of our total investment portfolio as of June 30, 2011 and 2010, would have potentially declined by approximately $109,000 and $89,000, respectively.
 
The table below presents the fair value of our marketable securities at June 30, 2011 and weighted-average interest rates by year of stated maturity for our investment portfolio (in thousands, except interest rates):
 
   
Matures in Fiscal Year 2012
 
Marketable Securities
  $ 24,572  
Weighted-average interest rate
    0.35 %
 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
Page
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
52
Consolidated Balance Sheets
53
Consolidated Statements of Operations
54
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
55
Statements of Stockholders' Equity (Deficit)
56
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
64

 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of Pharmacyclics, Inc.:
 
In our opinion, the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders' equity  (deficit) and of cash flows present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Pharmacyclics, Inc. and its subsidiary (the"Company") (a development stage enterprise) at  June 30, 2011 and 2010, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended June 30, 2011 and, cumulatively, for the period from April 19, 1991 (date of inception) to June 30, 2011 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).  The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management's Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, appearing under Item 9A(b).  Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits.  We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.  Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk.  Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
San Jose, California
September 13, 2011
 

PHARMACYCLICS, INC.
(a development stage enterprise)
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
   
June 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
 
ASSETS
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 87,757     $ 51,199  
Marketable securities
    24,572       22,950  
Accounts receivable
    54       194  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    2,313       1,702  
Total current assets
    114,696       76,045  
Property and equipment, net
    1,312       459  
Other assets
    344       316  
            Total assets
  $ 116,352     $ 76,820  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 5,684     $ 2,856  
Accrued liabilities
    1,584       1,054  
Deferred revenue
    7,000       6,099  
Total current liabilities
    14,268       10,009  
Deferred rent
    410       50  
Total liabilities
    14,678       10,059  
                 
Commitments (Notes 2 and 9)
               
                 
Stockholders' equity:
               
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000 shares  authorized at June 30, 2011 and 2010; no shares issued and outstanding
    -       -  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000,000 authorized at June 30, 2011 and 2010; shares issued and outstanding – 67,915,865 and 59,199,406 at June 30, 2011 and 2010
    7       6  
Additional paid-in capital
    514,813       444,683  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (21 )     (6 )
Deficit accumulated during development stage
    (413,125 )     (377,922 )
Total stockholders' equity
    101,674       66,761  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 116,352     $ 76,820  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
PHARMACYCLICS, INC.
(a development stage enterprise)
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
   
Year Ended June 30,
     Period from Inception
(April 19, 1991) 
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
   
through June 30, 2011
 
                         
Revenues:
                       
License and milestone revenues
  $ 8,233     $ 9,307     $ -     $ 25,395  
Contract and grant revenues
    -       -       -       6,154  
Total revenues
    8,233       9,307       -       31,549  
Operating expenses:
                               
Research and development
    34,482       17,358       13,954       377,716  
General and administrative
    9,125       7,561       8,474       101,301  
Purchased in-process research  and development
    -       -       -       6,647  
Total operating expenses
    43,607       24,919       22,428       485,664  
                                 
Loss from operations
    (35,374 )     (15,612 )     (22,428 )     (454,115 )
Interest income
    169       81       137       43,194  
Interest expense and other income (expense), net
    2       (43 )     (606 )     (2,204 )
Loss before benefit (provision) for income taxes
    (35,203 )     (15,574 )     (22,897 )     (413,125 )
Benefit (provision) for income taxes
    -       550       (550 )     -  
Net loss
  $ (35,203 )   $ (15,024 )   $ (23,447 )   $ (413,125 )
                                 
Basic and diluted net loss per share
  $ (0.59 )   $ (0.31 )   $ (0.88 )        
                                 
Weighted average shares used to compute basic and diluted net loss per share
    59,973       48,344       26,570          
                                 
                                 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
PHARMACYCLICS, INC.
(a development stage enterprise)
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 
   
Year Ended June 30,
   
Period from Inception (April 19, 1991) through June 30,
 
   
2011
   
2010
   
2009
   
2011
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
                       
   Net loss
  $ (35,203 )   $ (15,024 )   $ (23,447 )   $ (413,125 )
   Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in
                               
   operating activities:
                               
       Depreciation and amortization
    292       235       299       15,811  
      Amortization of premium/discount on marketable securities, net
    874       421       (32 )     1,269  
      Amortization of debt discount
    -       21       549       570  
      (Gain) loss on sale of marketable securities
    (7 )     -       (1 )     43  
      Purchased in-process research and development
    -       -       -       4,500  
      Share-based compensation expense
    7,818       3,190       3,293       26,824  
      Common stock issued in exchange for services provided
    -       -       15       15  
      (Gain) loss on property and equipment
    5       -       (11 )     375  
   Changes in assets and liabilities:
                               
      Accounts receivable
    140       438       (632 )     (54 )
      Prepaid expenses and other assets
    (250 )     (1,145 )     51       (2,268 )
      Accounts payable
    2,269       1,689       112       5,125  
      Accrued liabilities
    530       253       5       1,584  
      Deferred revenue
    901       (5,529 )     11,628       7,000  
      Deferred rent
    360       (17 )     (4 )     410  
            Net cash used in operating activities
    (22,271 )     (15,468 )     (8,175 )     (351,921 )
                                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
                               
   Purchase of property and equipment
    (1,150 )     (224 )     (81 )     (13,740 )
   Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
    -       -       11       123  
   Purchase of marketable securities
    (77,962 )     (36,595 )     (4,971 )     (649,074 )
   Proceeds from sales of marketable securities
    28,905       -       998       114,839  
   Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities
    46,553       15,009       6,700       508,330  
            Net cash ( used in) provided by investing activities
    (3,654 )     (21,810 )     2,657       (39,522 )
                                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
                               
   Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs
    56,599       72,513       1,351       436,192  
   Exercise of stock options and stock purchase rights
    5,884       1,744       41       17,289  
   Proceeds from related party notes payable
    -       -       6,400       6,400  
   Proceeds from note payable
    -       -       -       3,000  
   Issuance of convertible preferred stock, net of issuance costs
    -       -       -       20,514  
   Payments under capital lease obligations
    -       -       -       (3,881 )
   Repayment of notes payable
    -       (314 )     -       (314 )
            Net cash provided by financing activities
    62,483       73,943       7,792       479,200  
                                 
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
    36,558       36,665       2,274       87,757  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    51,199       14,534       12,260       -  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 87,757     $ 51,199     $ 14,534     $ 87,757  
                                 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
                               
   Interest paid
  $ -     $ 91     $ -     $ 1,360  
                                 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
                               
Accrued stock issuance costs
    559       -       -       559  
Receivable for stock option exercises
    389       -       -       389  
Settlement of related party notes payable by issuance of  common stock
    -       6,086       -       6,086  
Property and equipment acquired under capital lease obligations
    -       -       -       3,881  
    Warrants issued
    -       -       -       49  
Conversion of notes payable and accrued interest into
                               
   convertible preferred stock
    -       -       -       3,051  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
PHARMACYCLICS, INC.
(a development stage enterprise)
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)
 
For the period from inception (April 19, 1991) through June 30, 2011
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

   
Convertible Preferred Stock
   
Common Stock
   
Additional Paid-in
   
Accumulated Other Comprehensive
   
Deficit
Accumulated During
       
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Paid-in Capital
   
Income (Loss)
   
Development Stage
   
Total
 
Issuance of common stock for cash at $0.02 per share
    -     $ -       400,000     $ -     $ 6     $ -     $ -     $ 6  
Balance at June 30, 1991
    -       -       400,000       -       6       -       -       6  
                                                                 
Issuance of common stock for cash at an average price of $0.02 per share
    -       -       97,111       -       2       -       -       2  
Issuance of convertible preferred stock for cash, net of issuance coasts, at an average price of $1.32 per share
    2,040,784       -       -       -       2,667       -       -