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EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION BY SUSAN R. SALKA - AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES INCdex311.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION BY SUSAN R. SALKA - AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES INCdex321.htm
EX-21.1 - SUBSIDIARIES OF THE REGISTRANT - AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES INCdex211.htm
EX-23.1 - CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM - AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES INCdex231.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION BY BRIAN M. SCOTT - AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES INCdex312.htm
EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION BY BRIAN M. SCOTT - AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES INCdex322.htm
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
     For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010, or
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
     For the transition period from                              to                             

Commission File No.: 001-16753

LOGO

AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware   06-1500476

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

12400 High Bluff Drive, Suite 100

San Diego, California

  92130
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (866) 871-8519

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

  

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value    New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ¨  No  þ

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.  Yes  ¨  No  þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  þ  No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  ¨  No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer  ¨

   Accelerated filer  þ    Non-accelerated filer  ¨   Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ¨  No  þ

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of June 30, 2010 was $244,416,996 based on a closing sale price of $7.48 per share.

As of March 4, 2011, there were 39,186,103 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding.

Documents Incorporated By Reference: Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of stockholders to be held on April 12, 2011 have been incorporated by reference into Part II and Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Item

       Page  
  PART I   

  1.

  Business      1   

  1A.

  Risk Factors      12   

  1B.

  Unresolved Staff Comments      19   

  2.

  Properties      19   

  3.

  Legal Proceedings      19   

  4.

  (Removed and Reserved)      20   
  PART II   

  5.

  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      21   

  6.

  Selected Financial Data      24   

  7.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      25   

  7A.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk      44   

  8.

  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data      45   

  9.

  Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure      79   

  9A.

  Controls and Procedures      79   

  9B.

  Other Information      82   
  PART III   

  10.

  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance      82   

  11.

  Executive Compensation      82   

  12.

  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      82   

  13.

  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence      82   

  14.

  Principal Accounting Fees and Services      82   
  PART IV   

  15.

  Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules      83   
  Signatures      87   


Table of Contents

References in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to “AMN Healthcare,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to AMN Healthcare Services, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries.

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

Our Company

 

AMN Healthcare Services, Inc. is the nation’s largest provider of comprehensive healthcare staffing and clinical workforce management solutions. As the leading provider of travel nurse, local (per diem) nurse, allied and locum tenens (temporary physician) staffing services, we recruit and place healthcare professionals on assignments of variable lengths with clients throughout the United States. On September 1, 2010, we completed the acquisition of NF Investors, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“NFI”), the parent company of Medfinders, one of the nation’s leading providers of clinical workforce managed services programs. The strategic acquisition has broadened our managed service capabilities, making us the nation’s largest provider of clinical workforce managed services programs and recruitment process outsourcing solutions. The acquisition also provided for our entry into home healthcare services. Through our managed services program, we offer healthcare organizations flexible, customized workforce management solutions with the goal of reducing costs and improving the quality and consistency of their supplemental staff. We also provide healthcare clients with permanent placement services for clinicians.

 

Our clients utilize our clinical workforce management solutions and our healthcare staffing services to cost-effectively manage their clinical workforce needs, both temporary and permanent. Physicians, in particular, are significant drivers of our clients’ revenue, influencing many hospitals, healthcare facilities and physician practice groups to contract with search firms such as us to recruit physicians for their permanent needs as well. Short and long-term shortages in our clients’ staff arise due to a variety of circumstances, including a lack of qualified, specialized local healthcare professionals, attrition, leave schedules and new unit openings. Increasingly, our clients are looking for proven and stable partners that provide an integrated clinical workforce approach that enables them to achieve high quality patient outcomes more efficiently. We believe our clients contract with us because of our access to a large national network of quality temporary and permanent healthcare professionals, our proven workforce management solutions, our reputation for quality and innovation and our reliable and superior customer service. Our staffing clients include acute and sub-acute healthcare facilities, physician groups, dialysis centers, clinics, ambulatory surgery centers, retail and mail-order pharmacies, home health agencies and long-term care facilities. Our large number of hospital, healthcare facility and other clients provides us with the opportunity to offer clinical positions typically in all 50 states and in a variety of work environments and clinical settings.

 

We use distinct brands to market our differentiated services throughout the healthcare staffing spectrum. We market our travel nurse and allied staffing services to hospitals and healthcare facilities generally under one brand, AMN Healthcare®, as a single staffing and clinical management services provider with access to healthcare professionals from multiple recruitment brands. We market our locum tenens and physician permanent placement services under brand names, including Staff Care® and Merritt Hawkins®. Additionally, we market our pharmacy staffing services to retail customers under the company name Rx Pro Health®. We market our local staffing and home healthcare services under the brand name Nursefinders®. We use a multi-brand recruiting strategy to enhance our ability to successfully attract healthcare professionals in the United States and internationally. We market our staffing opportunities to healthcare professionals under recruitment brands that include American Mobile® Healthcare, Nursefinders®, Medical ExpressSM, NurseChoice®, NursesRx®, Med Travelers®, Club Staffing®, Rx Pro Health®, O’Grady Peyton International®, Staff Care®, Linde Healthcare®, Kendall & Davis® and Merritt Hawkins®. Each brand has a distinct clinician focus, market strength and brand reputation.

 

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Physicians, nurses and allied healthcare professionals choose temporary assignments for a variety of reasons that include seeking flexible work opportunities, exploring different areas of the country and diverse practice settings, building clinical skills and experience by working at prestigious healthcare facilities, avoiding the demands and political environment of working as permanent staff, working through life and career transitions, and as a means of access into a permanent staff position. We provide our temporary healthcare professionals with an attractive benefit package that may include free or subsidized housing, meals and incidentals, free or reimbursed travel, competitive wages, professional development opportunities, professional liability insurance, and, for employed professionals, a 401(k) plan and health insurance. We believe that we attract temporary healthcare professionals due to our long-standing reputation for providing a high level of service, our numerous job opportunities, our benefit packages, our innovative marketing programs and word-of-mouth referrals from the thousands of current and former healthcare professionals who have worked with us.

 

With the acquisition of NFI, we added the home healthcare services segment, which operates through a network of Company-owned and franchised offices. We conduct home nursing and therapy services operations through our 19 licensed offices, located in 10 states, from which we provide home healthcare services to individuals with acute-care illness, long-term chronic health conditions, permanent disabilities, terminal illnesses and post-procedural needs. Reimbursement sources include government programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid, and private sources, such as health insurance plans, managed care organizations, long-term care insurance plans and personal funds.

 

Competition

 

The healthcare staffing, recruitment and managed services industry is highly competitive. We compete in national, regional and local markets for both healthcare professionals and hospital and healthcare facility clients. We compete with staffing and workforce management companies for hospital and healthcare facility clients primarily on the basis of the depth and quality of our healthcare professionals, the quality and breadth of our service offerings and our experience and reputation in delivering these services, our national footprint, our customer service and our recruitment expertise. When recruiting for healthcare professionals, in addition to other recruitment and staffing firms, we also compete with hospital systems that have developed their own recruitment departments and interim staffing pools. We compete for healthcare professionals primarily on the basis of customer service, recruitment and placement expertise, the quantity, diversity and quality of available assignments and placement opportunities, compensation packages and, for our temporary nurses and allied healthcare professionals, the benefits that we provide to them while they are on assignment.

 

We believe that larger, national firms that offer a broad spectrum of services such as us enjoy distinct advantages over smaller, local and regional competitors in the healthcare staffing, recruitment and clinical workforce managed services industry. We generally have access to a larger pool of available candidates, substantial word-of-mouth referral networks and recognizable brand names, enabling us to attract a consistent flow of new applicants. The breadth of our services also allows us to provide even greater value through a more strategic, comprehensive and integrated approach to our clients. Larger firms also generally have a deeper, more comprehensive infrastructure with a more established operating model and processes that provide the long-term stability and foundation for quality standards recognition, such as the Joint Commission staffing agency certification. We also believe a solid financial structure provides an advantage as the provision of payroll and housing services are working capital intensive. This advantage may be amplified during periods of tight credit markets and general depressed economic conditions.

 

Some of our competitors in the clinical workforce managed services, travel nurse, allied and locum tenens staffing sectors include Cross Country Healthcare, CHG Healthcare Services, On Assignment and LocumTenens.com. The local per diem industry is highly fragmented with thousands of small, local companies. National competitors include Medical Staffing Network, Supplemental Health Care, Maxim Healthcare Services, and Favorite Healthcare Staffing. The competitors in our permanent placement division are primarily regional rather than national players, with the exception of Jackson & Coker. The home healthcare industry is highly fragmented with the four largest organizations representing less than 10% of the total revenues in the industry.

 

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Demand and Supply Drivers

 

Demand Drivers

 

   

Demographics and Advances in Medicine and Technology.    We believe that the demand for both temporary and permanent healthcare professionals will increase as the United States population grows and ages and medical technological advances result in longer life expectancy and chronic illnesses. In addition, enhanced healthcare technology has increased the demand for specialty clinicians who are qualified to operate advanced medical equipment and perform complex medical procedures.

 

   

Physician and Nursing Shortage.    Many regions of the United States are experiencing a shortage of physicians, registered nurses and certain allied healthcare professionals. While the extent of the physician shortage is debated, the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ last estimates projected that the incremental job openings for physicians and surgeons from 2008 to 2018 will be 144,100, an increase of 22% over ten years. When nurse vacancy rates increase, nurse staffing order levels typically increase as well. In September 2004, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported that the registered nurse workforce is expected to be 36% below projected requirements by 2020. The demand for our nursing staffing services is correlated with activity in the permanent labor market at hospitals. An overall growing need for healthcare professionals is subject to cyclical fluctuations as general economic conditions can impact unemployment rates and patient demand for healthcare services. Factors that we believe are contributing to the current and long-term supply shortage of healthcare professionals include:

 

  Aging of Physician and Nurse Population.    Approximately 47% of all licensed physicians in the United States are 50 years and older, and according to the Association of Medical Colleges, nearly one-third of all physicians will retire in the next decade. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has reported that nurses over the age of 50 comprised 45% of the total nurse population in 2008, compared with 33% in 2000.

 

  Shortage of Medical and Nursing Schools.    A shortage of qualified faculty and funding limits the availability of medical and nursing schools to prospective healthcare professionals. Many believe that the numbers of medical and nursing schools today are insufficient to generate the number of healthcare professionals needed to address the current and projected shortage.

 

  Healthcare Professionals Leaving Patient Care Environments for Different Career Opportunities.    The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported that among employed nurses age 55 and older in 2008, 13% intend to leave the nursing profession within the next one to three years to either retire or take a position outside of nursing, with an additional 9% planning to leave their current nursing jobs and unsure if they will remain in nursing. Healthcare professionals’ career opportunities have expanded beyond the traditional bedside role. Pharmaceutical companies, insurance companies, HMOs and hospital management, service and supply companies offer healthcare professionals attractive positions which involve work that may be perceived as more rewarding, and with increased compensation, less demanding work schedules and more varied career progression and opportunity.

 

  Physicians Leaving Practices Due to Burdens of Malpractice Insurance and Medical Insurance Reimbursement.    Physicians are concerned over reimbursement levels from insurance companies and government agencies and frustrated with claim billing restrictions and paperwork. The cost of malpractice insurance is also considered a motivator for physicians to leave private practice.

 

   

Increased Hospital Revenue Opportunity.    Hospital and healthcare facilities’ primary revenue source is generated by physicians. By using permanent physician search and locum tenens staffing services to fill

 

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both permanent and temporary vacancies more quickly, hospitals and healthcare facilities are able to benefit by sustained or increased patient flow and procedures resulting in additional revenue. With more physicians admitting and treating patients, healthcare facilities will have a need for more nurses and allied healthcare professionals to support the increased patient census.

 

   

Shift to Flexible Staffing Models.    Nurse wages comprise the largest percentage of hospitals’ labor expenses. A focus on cost-effective healthcare service delivery could lead more hospitals and other healthcare facilities to adopt adjustable staffing models and outsourced, integrated workforce management solutions that may include utilization of flexible staffing resources such as temporary healthcare professionals. During periods of high general unemployment like 2009 and 2010, many facilities rely on the willingness of permanent part-time and full-time staff to work additional hours rather than temporary staffing agencies to fill their needs.

 

   

Patient Demand.    Patients have increasing access to healthcare information through various channels including the internet and advertising. With this information, many patients in recent years have taken a more active role in their own healthcare management, including requesting diagnostic tests and elective and non-elective procedures. This increased patient demand for healthcare services is generally expected to drive an increased need for healthcare professionals; however, if poor economic conditions continue, such an increase may be offset in the short or medium term by a continued reduction in elective procedures related to high unemployment or higher rates of the uninsured and underinsured.

 

   

Medical Insurance Reimbursement.    Reimbursement levels and coverage by government agencies and insurance companies can drive fluctuations in demand for the particular specialties or procedures that are impacted. The 2010 Affordable Care Act, as well as healthcare reform legislation on the state level, increasingly impacts reimbursement levels for various healthcare services and procedures, which in turn impacts the relative demand for various clinical specialties.

 

   

Healthcare Reform.    It is widely anticipated the Affordable Care Act ( in its current form), will result in a substantial increase in the number of newly insured Americans that will require access to care, increasing the need for physicians, nurses and other allied health professionals in various healthcare settings in and outside of the traditional acute-care hospital, which could increase demand for our services.

 

Supply Drivers

 

   

Traditional Reasons for a Healthcare Professional to Work on a Temporary Assignment.    Temporary staffing allows healthcare professionals to explore new areas of the United States, work at prestigious hospitals, learn new skills, manage work/life balance, earn supplemental income, build their resumes, try out different clinical settings, reduce administrative burdens, allow for a transitional period between permanent jobs and avoid unwanted workplace politics that may accompany a permanent position. Benefits available to temporary healthcare professionals, which vary based on the nature of the assignment, may include competitive wages, professional liability insurance coverage, professional development opportunities, meals and incidentals, free or reimbursed travel, health insurance, and free or subsidized housing. All of these opportunities have been constant supply drivers which continue to attract new healthcare professionals into our industry.

 

   

Word-of-Mouth Referrals.    New applicants are often referred to staffing companies by other healthcare professionals who have taken temporary assignments with or been placed in a permanent position by those staffing companies. Growth in the number of healthcare professionals who have worked on temporary assignments or have been placed in permanent positions by a staffing agency, as well as growth in the number of hospital and healthcare facilities that have utilized temporary healthcare professionals, creates more opportunities for referrals.

 

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More Physicians Choosing Temporary Staffing Due to Increased Malpractice and Reimbursement Concerns.    Locum tenens positions provide physicians the opportunity to practice medicine without undue concern for malpractice costs or insurance reimbursement.

 

   

Nurses Choose Travel Staffing Due to the Nursing Shortage.    In times of nursing shortages, permanent staff nurses are often required to assume greater responsibility and patient loads, work overtime and deal with increased pressures within the hospital. Many experienced nurses choose to leave their permanent employer and look for a more flexible and rewarding position. This may be offset in times of economic difficulties when general unemployment levels may reduce hospital attrition rates due to nurses or their spouses’ employment or job security concerns.

 

   

Legislation Allowing Nurses to Be Mobile.    The Mutual Recognition Compact Legislation, promoted by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, allows nurses to work more freely within states participating in the Compact Legislation without obtaining new state licenses. The recognition legislation has been implemented in 24 states.

 

   

Physician Seeking Hospital Employment.    Physicians are increasingly seeking direct placement with hospitals to enhance their work-life balance and achieve a more consistent income level resulting in higher job satisfaction, and this trend is anticipated to increase with the implementation of the Affordable Care Act.

 

Growth Strategy

 

Our goal is to expand our leadership position within the comprehensive healthcare staffing and clinical workforce management solutions sector in the United States. The key components of our business strategy include:

 

   

Delivering Differentiated Value and Innovation Through Expanded and Enhanced Service Offerings.    To further enhance the growth in our business, diversify into new and more recurring revenue sources, and improve our competitive position in the healthcare staffing and clinical workforce management solutions sector, we constantly explore what additional services we can provide to better serve those needs, including offering managed services programs and recruitment process outsourcing. As a result of this constant focus on the needs of our clients and our agility in quickly responding, we acquired NFI in September of 2010. This acquisition clearly established our company as the market leader in providing holistic workforce management solutions to our clients and significantly enhanced our recurring revenue stream through the addition of over 100 new managed services contracts. In addition to expanding our workforce managements services line with it recurring revenue stream, we continue to introduce new service offerings such as home health and local staffing services in select regions of the company. Possible areas of expansion depend upon their alignment with the following key criteria: deliver long-term value to our shareholders; align with our core expertise of recruitment, credentialing, and access to clinical labor; strengthen and broaden our client relationships; offer opportunities to reduce exposure to economic cycles and enhance our long-term sustainable, differentiated business model.

 

   

Strengthening and Expanding Our Relationships with Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities.    We continue to strengthen and expand our relationships with our current hospital and healthcare facility clients, while also developing new relationships. Hospitals and healthcare facilities are seeking a strong business partner who can fulfill the quantity, breadth and quality of their temporary and permanent staffing needs and help them develop strategies for the most cost-effective staffing models. In addition, over the past few years, hospitals and healthcare facilities have shown an interest in working with fewer vendors in order to improve efficiency. We believe that our larger size, reputation for quality and proven ability to fill our clients’ staffing needs provide us with the opportunity to serve our client facilities

 

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implementing this vendor consolidation strategy. Because we possess the largest national network of available physician, nurse and allied healthcare professionals, and are the largest managed service provider in the industry, we are well positioned to offer our hospital and healthcare facility clients a wide spectrum of effective management and staffing solutions to meet their staffing needs.

 

   

Expanding Our Network of Qualified Healthcare Professionals.    Through our recruiting efforts, we continue to expand our network of qualified healthcare professionals and our breadth of specialties, including dental practitioners, medical and lab technicians, nurse practitioners and intermittent care-experienced healthcare professionals. We continue to build our supply of healthcare professionals through referrals from healthcare professionals who are currently working or have been placed by us in the past, as well as through advertising and internet sources. We have also conducted several research initiatives enabling us to segment the population of healthcare professionals and develop targeted advertising campaigns directed at these different segments.

 

   

Leveraging Our Business Model and Large Hospital and Healthcare Facility Client Base.    We seek to increase our operational effectiveness, efficiency, scalability and agility through our proven multi-brand recruiting strategy, large network of healthcare professionals, established hospital and healthcare facility client relationships, proprietary information systems, innovative marketing and recruitment programs, training programs and centralized administrative support systems. Our multi-brand recruiting strategy for temporary nurses and allied healthcare professionals generally allows a recruiter in any of our nurse or allied staffing brands to take advantage of all of our nationwide placement opportunities. In addition, our information systems and operational support and customer service personnel permit our recruiters to spend more time focused on the placement of our healthcare professionals. Over the past two years, we have streamlined our temporary nurse and allied operations and continue to condense the number of brands to leverage the brand awareness and brand equity of our strongest brands. Going forward, our brand portfolio will be supported by a more streamlined operating structure with the opportunity for greater, more distinct differentiation for each of the healthcare professional-facing brands, and greater leveraging of brand equity and awareness across our facility client-facing brands.

 

   

Providing Innovative Technology.    We continue to be an innovation leader in healthcare staffing by providing on-line services and tools to both our hospital and healthcare facility clients and our healthcare professionals. Through our SingleSource® technology, we provide online resources for hospital and healthcare facility clients to streamline their communications and process flow to secure and manage staffing services. Another on-line resource, The Service Connection, provides our healthcare professionals the ability to track assignment information and complete key forms electronically. Both sites offer secure access and self-service features twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week.

 

   

Building the Strongest Management Team to Optimize Our Business Model.    We continue to focus on training and professional development for all levels of management and sales staff and continue to hire skilled and experienced team members to deliver superior service to our hospital and healthcare facility clients.

 

   

Capitalizing on Strategic Acquisition Opportunities.    In order to enhance our competitive position, we will continue to selectively explore strategic acquisitions, subject to credit availability or access to the capital markets. In the period following acquisitions, we have sought to achieve the anticipated cost and revenue synergies of the combinations, leverage our client relationships and orders across our divisions, integrate back-office functions and, where appropriate, maintain brand differentiation in the recruitment of healthcare professionals.

 

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Business Overview

 

Services Provided

 

Nurse and Allied Healthcare Staffing Segment

 

Through our nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment, we provide hospital and other healthcare facilities with a range of clinical workforce management and staffing solutions, including a comprehensive managed services workforce solution in which we can manage all of the temporary nursing and allied needs for a client; a recruitment process outsourcing program that leverages our expertise and support systems to replace or complement our client’s existing internal recruitment function for permanent staffing needs and more traditional staffing service solutions of local, short and long-term assignment lengths. The nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment’s revenue and operating income are provided in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1(t)”.

 

Nurses.    We provide medical nurses, surgical nurses, specialty nurses, licensed practical or vocational nurses, advanced practice nurses, surgical technologists and dialysis technicians in a wide range of specialties for temporary assignments throughout the United States. The majority of our assignments are in acute-care hospitals, including teaching institutions, trauma centers and community hospitals. Nurses comprised approximately 81% of total nurse and allied temporary healthcare professionals working for us in 2010. We place our qualified nurse professionals with premier, nationally recognized hospitals and hospital systems. While the majority of nurses that we place on assignment have been educated and trained in the United States, we recruit English-speaking internationally trained nurses from foreign countries through our O’Grady Peyton International brand for 12-24 month assignments. In addition, we offer a shorter-term staffing solution of four to eight weeks under our NurseChoice brand to address hospitals’ urgent need for registered nurses. NurseChoice is targeted to recruit and staff nurses who can begin assignments within one to two weeks in acute-care facilities in contrast to the three to five week lead time that may be required for travel nurses. Beginning in 2010, with the acquisition of NFI, we also offer local (per diem) staffing. Local staffing involves the placement of locally based healthcare professionals on daily shift work on an as needed basis. Hospitals and healthcare facilities often give only a few hours notice of their local staffing assignments, which require a quick turnaround from their staffing agencies of generally less than 24 hours.

 

Allied Health Professionals.    We provide allied health professionals under brands that include Med Travelers, Club Staffing and Rx Pro Health to acute-care hospitals and other healthcare facilities such as skilled nursing facilities, rehabilitation clinics, and retail and mail-order pharmacies. Allied health professionals include such disciplines as physical therapists, respiratory therapists, occupational therapists, medical and radiology technologists, speech pathologists, rehabilitation assistants, pharmacists and pharmacy technicians. Allied health professionals comprised approximately 19% of the total nurse and allied temporary healthcare professionals working for us in 2010.

 

Locum Tenens Staffing Segment

 

Under our Staff Care and Linde Healthcare brands, we place physicians of all specialties, certified registered nurse anesthetists (“CRNA”), nurse practitioners and dentists on a temporary basis (“locum tenens”) as independent contractors with all types of healthcare organizations throughout the United States, including hospitals, medical groups, occupational medical clinics, individual practitioners, networks, psychiatric facilities, government institutions, and managed care entities. These professionals are recruited nationwide and typically placed on multi-week contracts with assignment length ranging from a few days up to one year. The locum tenens staffing segment’s revenue and operating income are provided in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1(t)”.

 

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Physician Permanent Placement Services Segment

 

We provide physician permanent placement services under our Merritt Hawkins and Kendall & Davis brands to hospitals, healthcare facilities and physician practice groups throughout the United States. Using a distinct consultative approach that we believe is more client-oriented, we are primarily paid for our services through a blend of retained search fees and variable fees tied to work performed and successful placement. Our broad specialty offerings include over 70 specialist and sub-specialist opportunities such as internal medicine, family practice and surgery. The physician permanent placement services segment’s revenue and operating income are provided in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1(t)”.

 

Home Healthcare Services Segment

 

With the acquisition of NFI on September 1, 2010, we added the home healthcare services segment. We provide home healthcare services to individuals with acute-care illness, long-term chronic health conditions, permanent disabilities, terminal illnesses and post-procedural needs. Our home healthcare services are subject to extensive federal, state and local laws and regulations. Such laws and regulations include federal Medicare and state licensing requirements, periodic audits by government agencies, and mandatory compliance with federal and state antifraud, anti-abuse, and anti-kickback statutes and regulations. The home healthcare services segment’s revenue and operating income are provided in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 1(t)”.

 

National Presence and Diversified Hospital and Healthcare Facility Client Base

 

We offer healthcare professionals placement opportunities and provide staffing solutions to our hospital and healthcare facility clients throughout the United States. We typically generate revenue in all 50 states. During 2010, the largest percentages of our revenue were concentrated in California, Texas, Maryland, New York, Florida and Pennsylvania.

 

The majority of our temporary healthcare professional assignments are at acute-care hospitals. In addition to acute-care hospitals, we provide services to sub-acute healthcare facilities, physician groups, rehabilitation centers, dialysis clinics, pharmacies, home health service providers and ambulatory surgery centers. Our clients include hospitals and healthcare systems such as Kaiser Foundation Hospitals, Georgetown University Hospital, HCA, NYU Medical Center, Stanford Hospital and Clinics, UCLA Medical Center, The University of Chicago Hospitals and Mayo Health System. No single client healthcare system comprised more than 10% of revenue and no single client facility comprised more than 3% of revenue for the year ended December 31, 2010.

 

Our Business Model

 

We have developed and continually refine our business model to achieve greater levels of productivity and service delivery efficiency. Our model is designed to optimize the communication with, and service to, both our healthcare professionals and our hospital and healthcare facility clients.

 

Marketing and Recruitment of New Healthcare Professionals

 

We believe that physician, nursing, allied and home healthcare professionals are attracted to us because of our customer service and relationship-oriented approach, our competitive compensation and benefits package, and our large and diverse offering of work assignments that provide the opportunity to work at numerous attractive locations throughout the United States. We believe that our multi-brand recruiting strategy makes us more effective at reaching a larger number of healthcare professionals, while still leveraging operational efficiencies.

 

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In our effort to attract and retain highly qualified healthcare professionals, we offer a variety of benefits to our employed professionals. These benefits may include: free or subsidized housing, meals and incidentals, free or reimbursed travel, competitive wages, professional development opportunities, professional liability insurance and, for employed professionals, a 401(k) plan and health insurance.

 

Screening, Licensing and Quality Management

 

Through our quality service departments, we screen all nursing, allied and home healthcare professional and locum tenens candidates prior to placement. We continue to evaluate our healthcare professionals after they are placed to ensure adequate performance and manage risk, as well as to determine feasibility for future placements. Our internal processes are designed to ensure that our healthcare professionals have the appropriate experience, credentials and skills for the assignments they accept. Additionally, these processes enable us to assist with licensing and privileging for our physicians placed on assignments. Our experience has shown us that well-matched placements result in more satisfied healthcare professionals and healthcare facility clients.

 

Placement

 

Through our nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment, we provide acute-care facilities as well as other healthcare facilities with a range of clinical workforce management and staffing solutions. These offerings include a comprehensive managed services workforce solution in which we can manage all of the temporary nursing and allied needs for a client, a recruitment process outsourcing program that leverages our expertise and support systems to replace or complement our client’s existing internal recruitment function for permanent staffing needs and more traditional staffing service solutions of local, short and long-term assignment lengths. Under our national sales approach, staffing orders are generally entered into our information network by our account managers and are available to the recruiters at all of our recruitment brands. The account managers develop a relationship with the healthcare facility, arrange telephone interviews between the temporary healthcare professional and the facility, and confirm offers and placements with the healthcare facility. At the same time, our recruiters seek to develop and maintain strong and lasting relationships with our healthcare professionals.

 

For the locum tenens staffing and physician permanent placement services segments, orders for temporary physicians or permanent placement requests are generated by our national marketing teams. Our national presence and infrastructure enable us to provide physicians with a variety of attractive client locations, perquisites and opportunities for career enhancement. Our recruiters and account representatives work together using proprietary information systems to fill orders and schedule physicians on temporary assignments. Our permanent placement recruiters work closely with our clients and marketing team to recruit and fill permanent placement requests. We also have the ability to cross-sell our permanent placement and temporary placement services to our clients.

 

Our home healthcare services segment obtains patients and clients primarily through personal and corporate sales presentations, telephone marketing calls, and referrals from presentations to physicians, hospital discharge planners, senior care managers, facilities such as assisted living facilities and community association such as the Alzheimer’s Association. We maintain a dedicated sales force responsible for generating local, regional and national referrals, as well as our company website that describes the Company, its services and products.

 

Client Billing

 

During 2010, we billed substantially all of the temporary nurse, allied and physician healthcare professionals on assignment based on hours and days worked contracts. Under hours and days worked contracts, the temporary healthcare professional is either our employee for payroll and benefits purposes or an independent contractor typically paid directly by us on behalf of the hospital and healthcare facility clients. Under this arrangement, we bill our hospital and healthcare facility clients at an hourly or daily rate that effectively includes

 

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reimbursement for recruitment fees, compensation and for the temporary healthcare professionals who are our employees, any benefits and any applicable employer taxes. Housing, travel expenses, and meals and incidentals, if applicable, are either included in the hourly/daily rate or billed separately. Overtime, shift differential and holiday hours worked are typically billed at a premium rate. In turn, we pay the temporary healthcare professional’s wages or contracted fees, housing, travel costs, and meals and incidentals costs if applicable, and any other benefits. Providing payroll services is a value-added and convenient service that hospitals and healthcare facilities generally expect from their supplemental staffing sources.

 

For our physician permanent placement services, we typically bill clients for a search initiation fee, hours worked and expenses on the search engagement and a non-refundable placement fee once the placement occurs.

 

For our home healthcare services, we generally bill for all authorized services provided based on established or contracted fee schedules.

 

Information Systems

 

Our management information and communications systems, including our financial reporting systems, are primarily centralized and controlled in our corporate headquarters in San Diego, CA, with additional systems for our physician businesses centralized and controlled at our offices in Irving, TX and other systems for our recently acquired NFI local staffing and home health business divisions centralized and operated in our offices in Arlington, TX. We have developed and currently operate proprietary information systems that include integrated processes for healthcare professional and healthcare facility contract management, matching of healthcare professionals with client assignments, healthcare professional file submissions for placements, quality management tracking, managing compensation packages and managing healthcare facility contract and billing terms. These systems provide our staff with fast, detailed information regarding individual healthcare professionals and hospital and other clients and are scalable to support future business growth. We use leading commercial package systems for our home healthcare services segment and our corporate back-office functions. In addition, we maintain a backup data center to provide continued system operations in case of a major disaster or system outage.

 

Risk Management

 

We have developed an integrated risk management program that focuses on loss analysis, education and assessment in an effort to reduce our operational costs and risk exposure. We regularly analyze our losses on professional liability claims and workers compensation claims to identify trends. This allows us to focus our resources on those areas that may have the greatest impact on us, price our services appropriately and adjust our sales and operational approach to these areas. We have also developed educational materials for distribution to our healthcare professionals that are targeted to address specific work-injury risks and documentation of clinical events.

 

In addition to our proactive measures, we engage in a review process for incidents involving our healthcare professionals. Upon notification of a healthcare professional’s involvement in an incident that may result in liability for us, the healthcare professional’s actions are reviewed and a prompt determination is made regarding whether the healthcare professional will continue the assignment and whether we will place him/her on future assignments. We also rely on our hospital and healthcare facility clients’ and the state professional associations’ investigation of incidents involving our healthcare professionals in determining continued and future assignments.

 

Regulation

 

The healthcare industry is subject to extensive and complex federal and state laws and regulations related to professional licensure, conduct of operations, payment for services and payment for referrals. We provide

 

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services on a contract basis and, for most of our business lines, with the exception of our home health services segment, are paid directly by the hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients. Accordingly, Medicare, Medicaid and managed care reimbursement policies do not affect those businesses directly, though reimbursement changes in government programs, particularly Medicare and Medicaid, can and do indirectly impact that business. In our new home healthcare services segment, we are paid directly by Medicare, Medicaid and other state-funded programs, and thus regulations that reduce utilization rates, increase eligibility criteria or reduce reimbursement rates may all negatively directly impact a portion of this segment’s revenue opportunities. As discussed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors”, we continue to monitor healthcare reform legislation and regulatory changes for potential impact on our business.

 

Some states require state licensure for businesses that employ, assign and/or place healthcare personnel to provide healthcare services at hospitals and other healthcare facilities. We are currently licensed in states that require such licenses and take measures to ensure compliance with all material state licensure requirements. Our travel nurse and allied healthcare staffing divisions, as well our locum tenens company, Staff Care, Inc., and several of our local staffing offices have all received Joint Commission certification based on a review of our compliance with national standards. We were the first healthcare staffing firm in the country to receive the prestigious Joint Commission certification as a corporate system with multiple staffing sites.

 

In addition to state licensing requirements, our home healthcare services are subject to other state laws and regulations, including periodic audits by government agencies and Medicaid regulations. Moreover, certain of our home healthcare offices are Medicare providers which entail an additional level of compliance and regulations.

 

Most of the healthcare professionals that we employ or independently contract with are required to be individually licensed or certified under applicable state laws. We take appropriate steps to validate that our healthcare professionals possess all necessary licenses and certifications.

 

We recruit nurses from Canada for placement in the United States. Canadian nurses can come to the United States on TN Visas under the North American Free Trade Agreement. TN Visas are three-year temporary work visas, which generally allow entrance into the United States provided the nurse presents at the border proof of waiting employment in the United States, evidence of the necessary healthcare practice licenses and a visa credentials assessment from the Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools.

 

With respect to our recruitment of international temporary healthcare professionals through our O’Grady Peyton International brand, we must comply with certain United States immigration law requirements, including the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996. We primarily bring healthcare professionals to the United States on permanent immigrant visas, commonly referred to as “green cards”. Since late 2006, however, there have been virtually no permanent immigrant visas available for nurses overseas as a result of visa quotas.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2010, we had approximately 1,833 corporate employees. During the fourth quarter of 2010, we had an average of about 5,518 nurse, allied and other clinical healthcare professionals contracted to work for us, and days filled by our physician and CRNA independent contractors totaled 48,502. Days filled is calculated by dividing the physician and CRNA independent contractor hours filled during the period by eight hours.

 

Additional Information

 

We were incorporated in the state of Delaware on November 10, 1997. We maintain a corporate website at www.amnhealthcare.com/investors. Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q,

 

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Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports, as well as other material information provided to investors, are made available, free of charge, through this website as soon as reasonably practicable after being filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission. The information found on our website is not part of this or any other report we file with or furnish to the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

The following risk factors should be read carefully in connection with evaluating us and the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Any of the following risks could materially adversely affect our Company, operating results, financial condition, stock price, and the actual outcome of matters as to which forward-looking statements are made in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Certain statements in “Risk Factors” constitute “forward-looking statements.” Our actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors and uncertainties set forth below and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”

 

A continued significant economic downturn and slow recovery could result in less demand from clients or otherwise negatively affect our clients, either of which could negatively impact our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Demand for staffing services is sensitive to changes in the level of economic activity. As economic activity slowed down, hospitals and other healthcare entities experienced decreased attrition and reduced their use of temporary employees before undertaking layoffs of their regular employees and increasingly relied on internal staff retention and recruitment efforts, resulting in decreased demand for our healthcare professionals. In times of economic downturn and high unemployment rates, permanent full time and part time healthcare facility staff were generally inclined to work more hours and overtime, resulting in fewer available vacancies and less demand for our services. Fewer placement opportunities for our temporary healthcare professionals has impaired our ability to recruit and place both temporary and permanent placement healthcare professionals, and the continuing effect of the recession and the slow pace of recovery may continue to depress our revenues and profitability.

 

Many healthcare facilities will utilize temporary healthcare professionals to accommodate an increase in hospital admissions. Alternatively, when hospital admissions decrease, due to reduced consumer spending affecting elective surgery volume, general unemployment causing an increase in under- and uninsured patients and other factors, as we have seen in the recession, the demand for our temporary healthcare professionals may decline. This may have an even greater negative impact on demand for physicians in certain specialties such as surgery and anesthesiology. In addition, we may experience more competitive pricing pressure during periods of patient occupancy and hospital admission downturns, negatively impacting our revenue and profitability. Additionally, a continued economic downturn could result in higher unemployment claims. As a result, the significant economic downturn and slow recovery could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Over the past three years, general worldwide economic conditions resulted in a situation where there was limited availability and access to credit and capital markets, slower economic activity, decreased consumer confidence, reduced corporate profits and capital spending and higher unemployment. While indications are that our business has stabilized, it is unclear when the demand environment will return to normalized levels. These conditions make it difficult for our clients and us to accurately forecast and plan future business activities. Furthermore, during challenging economic times, our clients, in particular our clients reliant on state government funding, may face issues gaining timely access to sufficient credit, which could result in an impairment of their ability to make payments to us, timely or otherwise, for services rendered. If that were to occur, we may be required to increase our allowance for doubtful accounts and our days sales outstanding would be negatively

 

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impacted. We cannot predict the timing, strength or duration of any economic slowdown or subsequent economic recovery. If the economy or markets in which we operate continue to remain depressed or deteriorate further, we may record additional charges related to restructuring costs and the impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets, and our business, financial condition and results of operations will likely be materially and adversely affected.

 

If we are unable to continue to recruit and retain healthcare professionals for our healthcare staffing business at reasonable costs, it could increase our operating costs and negatively impact our business.

 

We rely significantly on our ability to recruit and retain healthcare professionals who possess the skills, experience and licenses necessary to meet the requirements of our hospital, healthcare facility clients and physician practice groups. We compete for healthcare staffing personnel with other temporary healthcare staffing companies and with hospitals, healthcare facilities and physician practice groups based on the quantity, diversity and quality of assignments offered, compensation packages and the benefits that we provide to our healthcare professionals. We rely on our human capital intensive, relationship-oriented approach and national infrastructure to enable us to compete in all aspects of our business, but particularly in the permanent physician staffing business. We must continually evaluate and expand our temporary and permanent healthcare professional network to serve the needs of our hospital, physician practice groups and other clients.

 

Currently, there is a shortage of qualified doctors, nurses and certain allied healthcare professionals in the United States. High general unemployment levels may reduce the number of healthcare professionals willing to take on temporary assignments as opposed to permanent positions, a tendency which may continue and lag a general economic recovery. We may be unable to continue to maintain or increase the number of temporary and permanent healthcare professionals that we recruit, decreasing the potential for growth of our business. Our ability to recruit and retain temporary and permanent healthcare professionals depends on several factors, including our ability to provide our healthcare professionals with assignments and placements that they view as attractive and to provide our temporary healthcare professionals with competitive compensation packages and fees. The costs of attracting healthcare professionals and providing them with attractive compensation packages may be higher than we anticipate, or we may be unable to pass these costs on to our hospital and healthcare facility clients. If we are unable to charge rates to our hospital and healthcare facility clients to cover these costs, our profitability could decline. Moreover, if we are unable to recruit temporary and permanent healthcare professionals, our service execution may deteriorate and, as a result, we could lose clients.

 

Our operations may deteriorate if we are unable to continue to attract, develop and retain our sales and operations personnel.

 

Our success is dependent upon the performance of our sales and operations personnel. The number of individuals who meet our qualifications for these positions is limited, and we may experience difficulty in attracting qualified candidates. In addition, we commit substantial resources to the training, development and support of our personnel. Competition for qualified sales personnel in the line of business in which we operate is strong, and there is a risk that we may not be able to retain our sales personnel after we have expended the time and expense to recruit and train them.

 

Our business depends upon our ability to secure and fill new profitable orders and searches from our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients because we generally do not have long-term, exclusive or guaranteed contracts.

 

We increasingly provide clinical staffing managed services programs and have preferred staffing relationships with our hospital clients, especially in our nursing business, under which we manage their clinical interim staffing needs. Nevertheless, outside of our managed service program offering, we generally do not have long-term, exclusive or guaranteed order contracts for temporary healthcare staffing with our clients. Our

 

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hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients are generally free to award contracts, place orders and new searches with our competitors. Therefore, we must maintain positive relationships with these clients to continually secure new profitable searches and orders from them and then fill those needs.

 

Some hospitals and healthcare facility clients choose to utilize vendor management service companies or staffing associations owned by member healthcare facilities that may act as intermediaries with staffing firms such as us. While we are currently the largest provider of managed services programs in our industry, competition is expected to intensify with many new entrants appearing. The success of such competitors may impact both our managed services and our traditional staffing services sales opportunities. In addition, we provide services to some of our government clients through businesses such as small businesses or minority-owned contractors who have received set-aside awards. These various intermediary organizations may impact our ability to obtain new clients and maintain our existing client relationships by impeding our ability to access and contract directly with healthcare facility clients, as well as impact the profitability of these client relationships.

 

Consolidation and concentration in buyers of healthcare staffing services could impact demand and pricing of our services, in addition to our ability to mitigate credit risk.

 

We extend credit and payment terms to our customers. In addition to ongoing credit evaluations of our clients’ financial condition, we traditionally seek to mitigate our credit risk by managing client concentration. We have seen an increase in staffing customers’ use of intermediaries such as vendor management service companies and group purchasing organizations, which may provide these organizations enhanced bargaining power. Similarly, our own success in winning managed services contracts means some larger health systems have grown and may continue to grow substantially relative to our other revenue sources. We have also seen some recent consolidation of healthcare systems. To the extent that these trends exist and continue, it could lead to a greater concentration of buyers of healthcare staffing services and less diversification of our customer base which could impact demand and pricing for our services, as well as our ability to mitigate credit risk.

 

The demand for our services, and therefore the profitability of our business, may be adversely affected by changes in staffing needs due to the adoption of alternative modes of healthcare delivery, staffing preferences of our healthcare facility clients and fluctuations in hospital admissions.

 

The settings for the delivery of patient services are continually evolving and implicate alternative modes of healthcare delivery, such as home based care. Demand for our services is affected by government mandates and the public’s adoption and demand for such new modes of healthcare delivery, by our clients’ evolving needs in light of that demand, and by our ability to adapt to fill those needs. Demand for our services is also affected by the staffing needs and preferences of our healthcare facility clients, as well as by fluctuations in patient occupancy at our client healthcare facilities due to economic factors and seasonal fluctuations that are beyond our control. Historically, hospitals in certain geographical regions have experienced significant seasonal fluctuations in admissions, and needed to be able to adjust their staffing levels to accommodate the change in patient census; however, seasonal fluctuations have diminished in recent years, negatively impacting demand for our seasonal staffing services.

 

The ability of our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients to retain and increase the productivity of their permanent staff may affect the demand for our services.

 

If our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients retain and increase the productivity of their permanent staff, their need for our services may decline. Higher permanent staff retention rates and increased productivity of permanent staff members could result in increased efficiencies, thereby reducing the demand for both our temporary staffing and permanent placement services, which could negatively impact our revenue and profitability.

 

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We are subject to federal and state healthcare industry regulation including professional licensure, conduct of operations, and costs and payment for services and payment for referrals, as well as laws regarding employment practices, government contracting and immigration.

 

The healthcare industry is subject to extensive and complex federal and state laws and regulations related to professional licensure, conduct of operations, costs and payment for services and payment for referrals.

 

We provide staffing, workforce management and recruitment services on a contract basis to our clients, and with the exception of our home healthcare services business, are paid directly by our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients. As a result, other than in our home healthcare services business, we are not directly impacted by Medicare, Medicaid and managed care reimbursement policy changes. Nevertheless, reimbursement changes in government programs, particularly Medicare and Medicaid, can and do indirectly affect the demand and the prices paid for our services. For example, our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients could receive reduced reimbursements or be excluded from coverage, because of a change in the rates or conditions set by federal or state governments, as we have experienced in the radiology specialties. In addition, our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients could suffer civil and criminal penalties, as could the Company, as a government contractor, and be excluded from participating in Medicare, Medicaid and other healthcare programs for failure to comply with the laws and regulations. Such changes in federal reimbursement program laws and regulations, or the exclusion of our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients from such programs could adversely affect our clients which in turn could also adversely affect the prices and demand for our services. A significant portion of our hospital and healthcare facility clients are state and federal government agencies, where our ability to compete for new contracts and orders, and the profitability of these contracts and orders, may be affected by government legislation, regulation or policy. Additionally, in providing services to state and federal government clients, we are also subject to specific laws and regulations which government agencies have broad latitude to enforce. Any regulatory or policy changes or modification of application of existing regulations could adversely affect our ability to contract with these government agencies or the costs of operations of serving these clients, and as a result impact revenues and profitability.

 

For our home healthcare services, we are paid directly by Medicare, Medicaid and other state-funded programs, and thus regulations which reduce utilization rates, increase eligibility criteria or reduce reimbursement rates may all negatively directly impact a portion of this segment’s revenue opportunities. In addition, unfavorable audit results may impact our ability to do business under certain government funded programs and/or within a certain area or region.

 

The success of our business depends on our ability to quickly and efficiently qualify healthcare professionals in the various jurisdictions and settings in which we operate, where we are subject to extensive state regulation of healthcare professional licensure and conduct of operations. The costs and requirements to comply with these regulations may impact the revenues and profitability of our business.

 

We are also subject to certain laws and regulations applicable to healthcare staffing agencies and general temporary staffing services. Like all employers, we must also comply with various laws and regulations relating to pay practices, workers compensation and immigration. There is a risk that we could be subject to payment of additional wages, insurance and employment and payroll related taxes if certain of our corporate employees classified as exempt from overtime and minimum wage requirements are re-classified as non-exempt from overtime and minimum wage requirements. Because of the nature of our business, the impact of these laws and regulations may have a more pronounced effect on our business. These laws and regulations may also impede our ability to grow our operations.

 

State legislation exists, such as legislation in Massachusetts that limits the hourly rate paid to temporary nursing agencies for registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and certified nurses’ aides. While our service offerings are exempt, in part, from this Massachusetts regulation, similar regulations may be enacted in other

 

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states in which we operate, and as a result revenue and margins could decrease. Furthermore, third party payers, such as federal and state government and health maintenance organizations, significantly impact the prices charged for medical care. Failure by hospitals, healthcare facilities and physician practice groups to obtain full reimbursement from those third party payers could reduce the demand or the price paid for our services, or result in some client solvency issues or cessation of business.

 

Legislation impacting the current delivery and third party payor system for healthcare may have significant and unforeseeable impacts on our business.

 

In 2010, Congress passed the Affordable Care Act, providing for extensive healthcare reform. The measure is being legally challenged. If sustained, many of its reforms are scheduled to be phased in over a number of years. Many questions remain concerning the impact of this legislation, including to what extent it will cause the federal or one or more state governments to assume a larger role in the healthcare system, expand healthcare coverage of Americans, and/or impose new and potentially significant restrictions on reimbursement. Given the legal challenges and open questions, we cannot predict the impact of healthcare reform legislation on our clients or the direct or indirect impact on us. The implementation of such healthcare reforms in their current form would impact our clients and may affect certain aspects of our business, including through: changes to provider reimbursement methods and payment rates which could impact demand for and pricing of our services; the manner in which we contract with physicians and other healthcare professionals or with hospitals and/or other healthcare clients; the imposition of additional medical, administrative, technology or other costs on us and/or clients; and the regulation of the collection, use, disclosure, maintenance and disposal of individually identifiable health information. These changes could have the long-term impact of reducing our revenues, increasing our costs, or requiring us to revise the ways in which we conduct business or put us at risk for loss of business. In addition, our results of operations, our financial position, including our ability to maintain the value of our goodwill, and cash flows could be materially adversely affected by such changes.

 

Our profitability is impacted by our ability to leverage our cost structure.

 

We have technology, operations and human capital infrastructures to support our existing business and contemplated growth. In the event that our business does not perform as expected, our inability to reduce these costs would impair our profitability. Additionally, if we are not able to capitalize on this infrastructure, our earnings growth rate will be negatively impacted.

 

We may not be able to successfully implement our strategic growth, acquisition and integration strategies.

 

An effective growth management strategy is necessary to organically grow our current operations, and if we do not successfully execute on this growth strategy, our profitability could decline. Our acquisition and integration strategy involves significant risks and uncertainties, including appropriate valuation of target companies, continuing severe liquidity issues in the credit markets, the assumption of liabilities and exposure to unforeseen liabilities of acquired companies, significant expenditures of cash and other resources and assumption of debt that may ultimately negatively impact our overall financial performance. In 2010, we completed the acquisition of NFI, which presents risks including: difficulties integrating acquired personnel and corporate cultures into our business, the potential loss of key employees or customers of the acquired companies, the diversion of management attention from existing operations and significant expenditures of cash and other resources. If we are not able to fully integrate the operations of the acquired businesses with our own in an efficient and cost-effective manner, including implementation or remediation of controls, procedures and policies at the acquired business, and integration of each company’s accounting, management information, human resource and other administrative systems, this would negatively impact our financial performance. Moreover, we continue to explore strategic acquisition opportunities to supplement our organic growth strategy. However, the disruption in the global financial markets may impact our ability to obtain debt or equity financing on acceptable terms.

 

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Difficulties in maintaining our management information and communications systems, or disruptions to our client and provider-facing self-service websites, may negatively impact our business operations and as a result, our financial performance.

 

Our ability to deliver our staffing services to our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients and manage our internal systems depends to a large extent upon our access to and the performance of our management information and communications systems, including our client and provider-facing self-service web sites. These systems also maintain accounting and financial information, which we depend upon to fulfill our financial reporting obligations. If these systems do not adequately support our operations, these systems are damaged or service is disrupted or if we are required to incur significant additional costs to repair, maintain or expand these systems, our business and financial results could be materially adversely affected. Although we have risk mitigation measures, these systems, and our access to these systems, are not impervious to floods, fire, storms, or other natural disasters or service interruptions, and the loss of systems information could result in disruption to our business.

 

The challenge to the classification of certain of our healthcare professionals as independent contractors could adversely impact our profitability.

 

Although it is general industry standard to treat certain healthcare professionals, such as physicians, as independent contractors, federal or state taxing authorities may take the position that such professionals are employees subjecting the company to additional wage and insurance claims, and employment and payroll-related taxes. The State of California taxing authorities have taken the position that our healthcare professionals, including physicians, are employees and as such subject to payroll-related taxes. The Company is contesting the State of California’s position, as further described under “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 11(a), Commitments and Contingencies—Legal.” A reclassification of our locum tenens to employees from independent contractors could result in liability that would have a significant negative impact on the profitability of the period in which assessed, and would require changes to our payroll and related business processes, which could be costly. In addition, many states have laws which prohibit non-physician owned companies from employing physicians, referred to as the “corporate practice of medicine.” If our independent contractor physicians are classified as employees, we could be found in violation of state laws that prohibit the corporate practice of medicine, which would have a substantial negative impact on our profitability.

 

The impact of medical malpractice and other claims asserted against us could subject us to substantial liabilities.

 

Our clients and healthcare professionals are subject to legal actions alleging malpractice or related legal theories. Because we recruit and assist in credentialing of these healthcare professionals, and in certain cases, employ these healthcare providers, claims may also be brought against us relating to the recruitment and qualification of these healthcare professionals and the quality of medical care provided by our healthcare professionals while on assignment or after placement with our clients. We are at times named in these lawsuits regardless of our contractual obligations, the competency of the healthcare professional, the standard of care provided by the healthcare professional or the quality of service that we provided. In some instances, we are contractually required to indemnify hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients against some or all of these potential legal actions.

 

Also, we may be subject to various employment claims from our corporate employees and healthcare professionals. We are subject to possible claims alleging discrimination, sexual harassment and other similar activities by us, as well as our hospital and healthcare facility clients and their agents. We maintain various types of insurance coverage, including professional liability, and employment practices, through insurance carriers, and/or we self-insure for these claims through accruals for retention reserves. However, the cost of defending

 

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such claims, even if groundless, could be substantial and the associated negative publicity could adversely affect our ability to attract, retain and place qualified employees and healthcare professionals in the future. We may also experience increased insurance costs and reserve accruals and may not be able to pass on all or any portion of increased insurance costs to our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients, thereby reducing our profitability. Our insurance coverage and reserve accruals may not be sufficient to cover all claims against us, and we may be exposed to substantial liabilities.

 

If we are unable to execute our business strategy, our profitability, cash flow and, consequently, our compliance with debt covenants and our liquidity could be negatively impacted.

 

Our success is dependent on our ability to execute our business strategy, which necessarily involves the successful operation of a number of integral components and business objectives. Our ability to execute these business objectives is dependent upon a sufficient cash flow and capital structure to support the business. If general economic conditions or other factors result in our margins or cash flow being significantly impaired, our compliance with our debt covenants could be negatively impacted. Our credit facility contains financial covenants that require us to maintain maximum leverage ratios, minimum fixed charge coverage ratios and minimum liquidity ratio as further described under “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 7, Notes Payable and Credit Agreement.” Our ability to comply with these covenants will depend in part upon our reported financial results, which as indicated above are dependent on our ability to execute our business strategy. If we are not in compliance with such covenants, we would be in default under our credit facility, the lender could call the debt and we could be unable to secure further borrowing.

 

The loss of key officers and management personnel could adversely affect our ability to remain competitive.

 

We believe that the success of our business strategy and our ability to maintain our recent levels of profitability depends on the continued employment of our senior management team. We have an employment agreement with Susan R. Salka, our President and Chief Executive Officer, through May 4, 2012, which is renewable on an annual basis. Other senior members of the team are employees at will with standard severance agreements. If members of our senior management team become unable or unwilling to continue in their present positions, our business and financial results could be adversely affected.

 

We have valuable brand identities we have developed and acquired, and a substantial amount of goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles on our balance sheet that may have the effect of decreasing our earnings or increasing our losses in the event that we are required to recognize an impairment to goodwill or indefinite lived intangibles.

 

We have invested substantial amounts in acquiring, developing and maintaining our brands, and our success depends on our ability to maintain our brand identities for existing services and effectively build up brand image for new services. We cannot assure that additional expenditures and our continuing commitment to marketing will have the desired impact on our brands’ value. We have goodwill on our balance sheet, which represents the excess of the total purchase price of our acquisitions over the fair value of the net assets and indefinite lived intangibles acquired. We evaluate goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles for impairment annually, or when evidence of potential impairment exists. In the event impairment is identified, a charge to earnings would be recorded. Although an impairment charge to earnings for goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles would not affect our cash flow, it would decrease our earnings or increase our losses, as the case may be, and our stock price could be adversely affected. Due to the decline in our market capitalization resulting in such market capitalization being below our book equity value during the third quarter of 2010, we performed interim impairment testing at our reporting unit level as of August 31, 2010, prior to the acquisition of NFI, and finalized the interim impairment testing during the fourth quarter of 2010. As a result, we recorded total impairment charges of $50.8 million, pretax, pursuant to the interim impairment testing for the year ended December 31,

 

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2010. In addition, we performed our annual impairment testing on the goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles as of October 31, 2010, our annual impairment testing date, and no additional impairment was identified. The impairment test is based on several factors requiring judgment. If the current economic conditions continue to deteriorate causing further decline in our stock price, additional impairments to one or more reporting units could occur in future periods whether or not connected to the annual impairment analysis. We will continue to monitor the recoverability of the carrying value of our goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles. See additional information in “Critical Accounting Principles and Estimates in Part II, Item 7.”

 

We have a substantial accrual for self-insured retentions on our balance sheet, and any significant adverse adjustments in these accruals may have the effect of decreasing our earnings or increasing our losses.

 

We maintain accruals for self-insured retentions for professional liability, health insurance, workers compensation and other employment practices related matters on our balance sheet. Generally, increases to these accruals do not immediately affect our cash flow, but a significant increase to these self-insured retention accruals may decrease our earnings. We determine the adequacy of our self-insured retention accruals by evaluating our historical experience and trends, related to both insurance claims and payments, information provided to us by our insurance brokers, attorneys, third party administrators, and actuarial firms, as well as industry experience and trends. If such information collectively indicates that our accruals are overstated or understated, we reduce or provide for additional accruals, as appropriate.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

We believe that our leased space is adequate for our current needs. In addition, we believe that adequate space can be obtained to meet our foreseeable business needs. In accordance with, and as required by, the terms of our credit agreement, we have pledged substantially all of our assets and properties to our lenders under our credit agreement to secure our obligations thereunder. Our principal leases for office space as of December 31, 2010 are identified in the chart below:

 

Location

   Square Feet (1)  

San Diego, California (corporate headquarters)

     171,944   

Irving, Texas (all segments)

     117,467   

St. Louis, Missouri (locum tenens staffing segment)

     26,765   

Arlington, Texas (all segments)

     25,819   

 

  (1) Represents the total leased space excluding sub-leased space.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

We are subject to various claims and legal actions in the ordinary course of our business. Some of these matters include professional liability, tax, payroll and employee-related matters and inquiries and investigations by governmental agencies regarding our employment practices. We are not aware of any pending or threatened litigation that we believe is reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

 

Our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients may also become subject to claims, governmental inquiries and investigations and legal actions to which we may become a party relating to services provided by our professionals. From time to time, and depending upon the particular facts and circumstances, we may be subject to indemnification obligations under our contracts with our hospital, healthcare facility and

 

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physician practice clients relating to these matters. At this time, we are not aware of any such pending or threatened litigation that we believe is reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

 

See additional information in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 11(a), Commitments and Contingencies—Legal.”

 

Item 4. (Removed and Reserved)

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

Our common stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “AHS”. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low sales prices reported by the New York Stock Exchange.

 

     Sales Price  
     High      Low  

Year Ended December 31, 2009

     

First Quarter

   $ 8.92       $ 4.56   

Second Quarter

   $ 8.07       $ 4.94   

Third Quarter

   $ 10.61       $ 5.94   

Fourth Quarter

   $ 11.00       $ 7.80   

Year Ended December 31, 2010

     

First Quarter

   $ 10.00       $ 6.00   

Second Quarter

   $ 10.00       $ 7.32   

Third Quarter

   $ 7.55       $ 4.14   

Fourth Quarter

   $ 6.44       $ 4.76   

 

As of March 3, 2011, shares were held by approximately 180 stockholders of record, and the last reported sale of our common stock on the New York Stock Exchange was $7.47 per share. Because many of our shares of common stock are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of stockholders, we are unable to estimate the total number of stockholders represented by these record holders.

 

On December 21, 2010, we filed a Registration Statement on Form S-3 with the SEC to register the resale of up to 10,718,486 shares of common stock by certain stockholders in connection with our acquisition of NFI.

 

From time to time, we repurchase our common stock in the open market pursuant to programs approved by our Board. We may repurchase our common stock for a variety of reasons, such as acquiring shares to offset dilution related to equity-based incentives and optimizing our capital structure. During the fourth quarter of 2010, we did not repurchase any shares of our common stock.

 

We have not paid any dividends on our common stock in the past and currently do not expect to pay cash dividends or make any other distributions on common stock in the future. We expect to retain our future earnings, if any, for use in the operation and expansion of our business. Any future determination to pay dividends on common stock will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements and such other factors as our Board deems relevant. In addition, our ability to declare and pay dividends on our common stock is subject to covenants in our Credit Agreement. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources.” Dividend obligation with regard to our preferred stock is disclosed in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 9 (a), Capital Stock – Preferred Stock.”

 

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The following table sets forth information required by this item as of December 31, 2010 regarding compensation plans under which the Company’s equity securities are authorized for issuance:

 

     (a)      (b)      (c)  
     Number of
Securities to
be Issued
upon
Exercise of
Outstanding
Options
     Weighted-Average
Exercise
Price of
Outstanding
Options ($)
     Number of Securities Remaining
Available for Future Issuance  Under
Equity Compensation Plans
(Excluding Securities Reflected in
Column (a))
 

Plan Category

        

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

     3,883,760       $ 10.86         1,547,592   

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

     501,715       $ 5.63         —     
                    

Total

     4,385,475       $ 10.26         1,547,592   
                    

 

Additional information regarding our equity award plans and plan activity for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 is provided in our consolidated financial statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 10, Stock-Based Compensation.”

 

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Performance Graph

 

This performance graph shall not be deemed “filed” with the SEC or subject to Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any of our filings under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

The graph below compares the total stockholder return on our common stock with the total stockholder return of (i) the NYSE Composite Index, and (ii) the Dow Jones US Business Training & Employment Agencies Index (“BTEA”), assuming an investment of $100 on December 31, 2005 in our common stock, the stocks comprising the NYSE Market Index, and the stocks comprising the BTEA.

 

LOGO

 

     12/05      12/06      12/07      12/08      12/09      12/10  

AMN Healthcare Services, Inc.

     100.00         139.23         86.80         42.77         45.80         31.04   

NYSE Composite

     100.00         120.47         131.15         79.67         102.20         108.88   

Dow Jones US Business Training & Employment Agencies

     100.00         115.88         85.33         52.61         80.29         96.70   

 

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

The selected financial and operating data presented below should be read in conjunction with “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplemental Data” appearing elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Our statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, and the balance sheet data at December 31, 2010 and 2009 are derived from the audited financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 and the balance sheet data at December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006 are derived from our audited financial statements that do not appear herein. We completed our acquisition of NFI on September 1, 2010, therefore the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2010 only includes the result of operations of NFI since the date of acquisition. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of our results of operations to be expected in the future.

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008      2007      2006  
     (dollars and shares in thousands, except per share data)  

Consolidated Statements of Operations:

            

Revenue

   $ 689,217      $ 759,790      $ 1,217,200       $ 1,164,022       $ 1,081,703   

Cost of revenue

     497,691        555,369        900,211         860,857         792,415   
                                          

Gross profit

     191,526        204,421        316,989         303,165         289,288   
                                          

Operating expenses:

            

Selling, general and administrative

     168,128        157,241        230,656         218,250         205,499   

Depreciation and amortization

     15,084        13,812        14,439         11,674         10,325   

Impairment and restructuring charges

     50,832        186,977        —           —           —     
                                          

Total operating expenses

     234,044        358,030        245,095         229,924         215,824   
                                          

Income (loss) from operations

     (42,518     (153,609     71,894         73,241         73,464   

Interest expense, net

     19,771        11,955        10,690         12,457         16,698   
                                          

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (62,289     (165,564     61,204         60,784         56,766   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (10,298     (43,387     26,847         24,403         21,431   
                                          

Net income (loss)

   $ (51,991   $ (122,177   $ 34,357       $ 36,381       $ 35,335   
                                          

Net income (loss) per common share:

            

Basic

   $ (1.49   $ (3.75   $ 1.03       $ 1.06       $ 1.08   
                                          

Diluted

   $ (1.49   $ (3.75   $ 1.02       $ 1.04       $ 1.02   
                                          

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

            

Basic

     34,840        32,615        33,375         34,377         32,662   
                                          

Diluted

     34,840        32,615        33,811         34,880         34,504   
                                          

 

     As of December 31,  
     2010      2009      2008      2007      2006  
     (dollars in thousands)  

Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

              

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 1,883       $ 27,053       $ 11,316       $ 18,495       $ 4,422   

Total assets

     562,110         389,004         642,817         623,658         615,562   

Total notes payable, including current portion and discount

     214,686         105,621         114,816         146,968         173,380   

Total stockholders’ equity

     153,455         170,844         284,133         266,200         234,769   

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and other financial information included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Certain statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” are “forward-looking statements.” See “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” below. This MD&A section is intended to provide a reader of our financial statements with a narrative from the perspective of our management on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and certain other factors that may affect our future results. Our MD&A is presented in the following sections:

 

   

Overview

 

   

Management Initiatives

 

   

Recent Trends

 

   

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

   

Results of Operations

 

   

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

   

Off-Balance Sheet and Other Financing Arrangements

 

   

Potential Fluctuations in Quarterly Results and Seasonality

 

   

Inflation

 

   

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

   

Special Note Regarding Forward-looking Statements

 

Overview

 

We are one of the nation’s largest providers of comprehensive healthcare staffing and clinical workforce management solutions. As the leading provider of travel nurse, local (per diem) nurse, allied and locum tenens (temporary physician) staffing services, we recruit and place healthcare professionals on assignments of variable lengths with clients throughout the United States. On September 1, 2010, we completed the acquisition of NFI, one of the nation’s leading providers of clinical workforce managed services programs. The strategic acquisition has broadened our managed service capabilities, making us the nation’s largest provider of clinical workforce managed services programs and recruitment process outsourcing solutions. The acquisition also provided for our entry into home healthcare services. Settings we staff include acute-care hospitals, government facilities, community health centers and clinics, physician practice groups, and several other healthcare-related settings. Through our managed services program, we offer healthcare organizations flexible, customized workforce management solutions. We also provide healthcare clients with permanent placement services for clinicians.

 

We conduct business through four reportable segments: nurse and allied healthcare staffing, locum tenens staffing, physician permanent placement services and home healthcare services.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2010, we recorded revenue of $689.2 million, as compared to revenue of $759.8 million for 2009. We recorded a net loss of $(52.0) million, which included a pre-tax impairment and restructuring charges of $50.8 million, for the year ended December 31, 2010, as compared to net loss of $(122.2) million for 2009, which also included a pre-tax impairment and restructuring charges of $187.0 million.

 

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Nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment revenues comprised 54% and 57% of total consolidated revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Through our nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment, we provide hospital and other healthcare facilities with a range of clinical workforce management and staffing solutions, including a comprehensive managed services workforce solution in which we can manage all of the temporary nursing and allied needs for a client; a recruitment process outsourcing program that leverages our expertise and support systems to replace or complement our client’s existing internal recruitment function for permanent staffing needs; and more traditional staffing service solutions of local, short and long-term assignment lengths.

 

Locum tenens staffing segment revenues comprised 38% of total consolidated revenues for each of the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009. Through our locum tenens staffing segment, we place physicians of all specialties, as well as dentists, certified registered nurse anesthetists and nurse practitioners, with clients on a temporary basis as independent contractors. These locum tenens physicians and other professionals are used by our healthcare facility and physician practice group clients to fill temporary vacancies created by vacation and leave schedules and to bridge the gap while these clients seek permanent candidates or explore expansion. Our clients represent a diverse group of healthcare organizations throughout the United States, including hospitals, medical groups, occupational medical clinics, individual practitioners, networks, psychiatric facilities, government institutions and managed care entities. The professionals we place are recruited nationwide and are typically placed on multi-week contracts with assignment lengths ranging from a few days up to one year.

 

Physician permanent placement services segment revenues comprised 5% of total consolidated revenues for each of the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009. Through our physician permanent placement services segment, we assist hospitals, healthcare facilities and physician practice groups throughout the United States in identifying and recruiting physicians for permanent placement. Using a distinctive consultative approach, we are generally paid for our services through a blend of retained search fees and variable fees tied to our performance. Our broad specialty offerings include over 70 specialist and sub-specialist opportunities such as internal medicine, family practice and orthopedic surgery.

 

With the acquisition of NFI, we added the home healthcare services segment. Since home healthcare services revenue has been recognized for only four months since the acquisition, it comprised only 3% of total consolidated revenue for the year ended December 31, 2010. We provide home healthcare services to individuals with acute-care illnesses, long-term chronic health conditions, permanent disabilities, terminal illnesses, and post-procedural needs. Our home healthcare services are subject to extensive federal, state, and local laws and regulations. Such laws and regulations include federal Medicare and state licensing requirements, periodic audits by government agencies, and mandatory compliance with federal and state antifraud, anti-abuse, and anti-kickback statutes and regulations.

 

Management Initiatives

 

Our growth strategy focuses on providing an innovative and differentiated value and experience to our clients and healthcare professionals. To accomplish this, we have extended our service offerings beyond the transactional traditional travel nurse and allied temporary staffing, locum tenens physician staffing, and physician permanent placement services, to more recurring revenue sources such as clinical workforce management offerings that include innovative solutions such as managed services programs and recruitment process outsourcing. Through these differentiated services, we have built strategic relationships with our clients that assist them in improving their financial and operational results through productivity and candidate quality enhancements. We have continually sought and evaluated strategic opportunities, through both acquisitions and internal product development, to expand into complementary service offerings that leverage our core capabilities of recruiting and credentialing clinical professionals, while providing a more recurring stream of revenues that reduces our exposure to economic cycle risk.

 

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In furtherance of this strategy, on September 1, 2010, we completed the acquisition of NFI, one of the nation’s leading providers of clinical workforce managed services programs. With the addition of NFI, we have also expanded into home healthcare services and local nurse and allied staffing, largely in support of our managed services programs. We also supplemented our travel nurse and allied, locum tenens and permanent placement divisions with this acquisition. We believe that the expansion of our service lines resulting from this combination will substantially improve our ability to deliver an innovative, total workforce management and staffing solution to our broad and growing client base. We also believe that this strategic opportunity will allow us to achieve additional sales and operating efficiencies. The success of the acquisition and our execution on the integration can be seen in the resulting revenue and cost synergies. See additional information in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 2, Business Combinations.”

 

Recent Trends

 

During periods of higher unemployment rates, more healthcare professionals remain in their current employment, which causes a reduction in facilities’ employee attrition. This lower attrition results in decreased demand for temporary or new permanent healthcare professionals and, to a lesser extent, affects the supply of candidates available for travel assignments. Toward the end of 2008, and in the first half of 2009, demand decreased considerably in the nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment, due to widespread and unprecedented economic conditions. Demand began stabilizing in the latter half of 2009 and has shown incremental sequential quarterly improvement in most segments throughout 2010, but remains at levels below what we have experienced prior to 2009. For our clients, the economic conditions severely constricted budgets and access to operating capital, lowered permanent staff attrition rates, improved internal permanent hiring rates, and increased uncertainty regarding future patient admission levels and the collectability of receivables. These factors, in turn, reduced demand for our services as hospitals placed an increased reliance on permanent labor to meet staffing needs.

 

As our industry matures and with the tight demand environment, we continue to see our hospital clients reduce the vendors with whom they choose to work, migrating to preferred vendor relationships, including managed services providers. During the past year, we have substantially increased the number of preferred relationships in our nursing business and extended these relationships to our allied business line. Due to the growth of our managed services business and establishment of these preferred relationships, a significantly larger portion of our travel nurse business is based in California, which has historically been our largest state. In addition to the geographic distribution trend of our demand, demand has favored nurses who can offer a more specialized skill set.

 

Within the allied staffing business, in response to the strength in demand for several supply-constrained therapy disciplines and continued weakness in demand for imaging technicians due in large part to lower government reimbursement levels and a strong supply of available technicians, our mix of business had shifted to favor therapy staffing. This trend was tempered however, by the addition of the NFI allied business which increased our imaging and lab volumes and decreased our therapy ratio.

 

In our locum tenens staffing segment, we have seen improved order levels across most specialties. In 2010, revenue associated with our federal government clients declined from the prior year, but we have seen moderate improvement in the second half of the year.

 

Earlier in the year, our physician permanent placement services segment saw a slight improvement in demand, but continues to feel demand pressure as clients respond to weak economic conditions and budget pressure by pursuing only critical searches and reducing their overall recruiting efforts.

 

The home healthcare services segment we recently entered with the acquisition of NFI is subject to extensive federal and state regulation and control. Increasingly, governments are responding to fiscal challenges

 

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by trying to reduce their spendings on Medicare, Medicaid and other state-funded programs through reducing utilization rates, increasing eligibility criteria and reducing reimbursement rates, which all negatively impact a portion of our revenue opportunities in government funded reimbursement. Our home healthcare services segment has a variety of payor sources, including private pay, but a significant portion of the business is through federal or state funded programs, so like many of our competitors, we experienced small declines in revenue throughout 2010 as we try to replace these reduced revenue sources and adjust our operations accordingly.

 

In 2010, Congress passed the Affordable Care Act, providing for extensive healthcare reform. As noted, the measure is being legally challenged and, if sustained, many of its reforms are scheduled to be phased in over a number of years. Accordingly, many questions remain concerning the impact of this legislation, including to what extent it will cause the government to assume a larger role in the healthcare system, expand healthcare coverage of Americans, and/or impose new and potentially significant restrictions on reimbursement. Given these open questions, we cannot predict the impact of the legislation on our clients or the direct or indirect impact on us. The implementation of such healthcare reforms in their current form would impact our clients and may affect certain aspects of our business, including through: changes to provider reimbursement methods and payment rates which could impact demand for and pricing of our services; the manner in which we contract with physicians and other healthcare professionals or with hospitals and/or other healthcare clients; the imposition of additional medical, administrative, technology or other costs on us and/or or clients; and the regulation of the collection, use, disclosure, maintenance and disposal of individually identifiable health information.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

We have identified the following critical accounting policies that affect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect our reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to asset impairment, accruals for self-insurance and compensation and related benefits, accounts receivable and contingencies and litigation, valuation and recognition of share-based payments and income taxes. These estimates are based on the information that is currently available to us and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could vary from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

We believe that the following critical accounting policies affect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements:

 

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

 

In accordance with accounting guidance on goodwill and other intangible assets, we perform annual impairment analyses to assess the recoverability of the goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets as of October 31 of each year. Application of the goodwill impairment test requires judgment, including the identification of reporting units, assigning assets and liabilities to reporting units, assigning goodwill to reporting units, and determining the fair value of each reporting unit. Valuation techniques consistent with the market approach and income approach are used to measure the fair value of each reporting unit. Significant judgments are required to estimate the fair value of reporting units including estimating future cash flows, and determining appropriate discount rates, growth rates, company control premium and other assumptions. The discount rates used and the control premium assumed in determining the fair value of our reporting units are impacted by the market values of the company’s stock during the period of evaluation. This control premium is based on detailed analysis that considers appropriate industry, market, economic and other pertinent factors, including indications of such premium from data on recent acquisition transactions. Changes in these estimates and

 

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assumptions could materially affect the determination of fair value for each reporting unit. Our six reporting units are domestic nurse staffing, international nurse staffing, allied healthcare staffing, locum tenens staffing, physician permanent placement services and home healthcare services. Testing is required between annual tests if events occur or circumstances change that would, more likely than not, reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying value.

 

With the decline in our market capitalization resulting in such market capitalization being below our book equity value during the third quarter of 2010, we performed interim impairment testing at our reporting unit level as of August 31, 2010, prior to the acquisition of NFI. Our reporting units are our operating segments. The performance of the test involves a two-step process. The first step of the impairment test involves comparing the fair value of our reporting units with the reporting unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill. We generally determine the fair value of our reporting units using a combination of the income approach (using discounted future cash flows) and the market valuation approach. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, we perform the second step of the goodwill impairment test to determine the amount of impairment loss. The second step of the goodwill impairment test involves comparing the implied fair value of our reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill.

 

During the third quarter of 2010, we completed the first step of our goodwill impairment testing which indicated that the fair values of certain reporting units were lower than their respective carrying values. The decrease in value was due to the depressed market value for our equity during the third quarter of 2010, which impacts the implied discount rates, and lower projected near term growth rates in the healthcare staffing industry, lowering the anticipated growth trend used for goodwill impairment testing. We recognized a preliminary pre-tax goodwill impairment charge of approximately $40.9 million during the third quarter of 2010. During the fourth quarter of 2010, we finalized the valuation of our identified tangible and intangible assets and liabilities for purposes of determining the implied fair value of goodwill and recorded an additional goodwill impairment charge of $1.0 million.

 

During the fourth quarter of 2010, we performed our annual impairment test as of October 31, 2010, which included the goodwill acquired in connection with the NFI acquisition, and determined there was no further impairment of goodwill. In order to evaluate the sensitivity of the fair value calculation on the goodwill impairment test, we applied hypothetical decreases to the fair value of each reporting unit. We determined that hypothetical decreases in fair value of at least 10% would be required before any reporting unit would have a carrying value in excess of its fair value. However, changes in our estimates, such as forecasted cash flows, would affect the estimated fair value of our reporting units and could have resulted in a goodwill impairment charge particularly for our allied healthcare staffing and physician permanent placements reporting units. The fair value of our domestic nurse staffing reporting unit significantly exceeded its respective book value. However, the calculated fair value of our allied healthcare staffing and physician permanent placement services reporting units exceeded their respective carrying value by a narrower margin. No events or circumstances have occurred subsequent to October 31, 2010 that indicate that further impairment may have occurred.

 

In addition, during the third quarter of 2010, we recorded pre-tax impairment charges of $8.6 million and $0.3 million related to certain indefinite-lived intangibles in our locum tenens staffing segment and physician permanent placement services segment, respectively. These charges were also included in impairment and restructuring charges on the consolidated statement of operations for the year ended December 31, 2010.

 

Intangible assets with estimable useful lives are required to be amortized over their respective estimated useful lives and reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment evaluation is based on an undiscounted cash flow analysis at the lowest level at which cash flows of the long-lived assets are

 

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largely independent of other groups of assets and liabilities. We assess potential impairments to intangible assets when there is evidence that events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group may not be recovered. Our judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators and future cash flows related to intangible assets are based on operational performance of our businesses, market conditions and other factors. Although there are inherent uncertainties in this assessment process, the estimates and assumptions we use, including estimates of future cash flows, volumes, market penetration and discount rates, are consistent with our internal planning. If these estimates or their related assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record an impairment charge on all or a portion of our long-lived intangible assets. Furthermore, we cannot predict the occurrence of future impairment-triggering events nor the impact such events might have on our reported asset values. Future events could cause us to conclude that impairment indicators exist and that long-lived intangible assets associated with our acquired businesses are impaired. Any resulting impairment loss could have an adverse impact on our results of operations. We have analyzed our amortizable long-lived assets for impairment and determined that there is no impairment at December 31, 2010 and 2009.

 

If we are required to record an impairment charge in the future, it could have an adverse impact on our results of operations.

 

Professional Liability Reserve

 

We maintain an accrual for professional liability self-insured retention limits, which is included in accounts payable and accrued expenses and other long-term liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. We determine the adequacy of this undiscounted accrual by evaluating our historical experience and trends, loss reserves established by our insurance carriers, management and third party administrators, as well as through the use of independent actuarial studies. We obtain actuarial studies on a semi-annual basis that use our historical claims data and industry data to determine the appropriate reserves for incurred, but not reported, professional liability claims for each year.

 

Workers Compensation Reserve

 

We maintain an accrual for workers compensation self-insured retention limits, which is included in accrued compensation and benefits and other long-term liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. We determine the adequacy of these undiscounted accruals by evaluating our historical experience and trends, loss reserves established by our insurance carriers and third party administrators, as well as through the use of independent actuarial studies. We obtain updated actuarial studies on a semi-annual basis that use our payroll and actual claims data, as well as industry data, to determine the appropriate reserve both for reported claims and incurred, but not reported, claims for each policy year. The actuarial study for workers compensation provides us with the estimated losses for prior policy years and an estimated percentage of payroll compensation to be accrued for the current year. We record our accruals based on the amounts provided in the actuarial study, and we believe this is the best estimate of our liability.

 

Self-Insured Health Benefit Claims Reserve

 

We maintain an accrual for self-insured health benefits we provide to our corporate employees and certain temporary healthcare professionals, which is included in accrued compensation and benefits in our consolidated balance sheets. We determine the adequacy of this undiscounted accrual by evaluating our historical experience and trends related to both health insurance claims and payments, information provided to us by our insurance broker and third party administrator and industry experience and trends. If such information indicates that our accruals are overstated or understated, we reduce or provide for additional accruals. Our accrual is based on (i) a monthly average of our actual historical

 

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health insurance claim amounts and (ii) the average period of time from the date the claim is incurred to the date that it is reported to us and paid. We believe this is the best estimate of the amount of incurred, but not reported, self-insured health benefit claims at year-end. Historically, our accrual for health insurance has fluctuated with increases or decreases in the average number of plan participants, changes in our claims experience and changes in the reporting and payment processing time for claims.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue consists of fees earned from the permanent and temporary placement of healthcare professionals and from the delivery of healthcare services to patients in their home. Revenue is recognized when earned and realizable. The Company has entered into certain contracts with healthcare organizations to provide managed services programs. Under these contract arrangements, the Company uses its temporary healthcare professionals along with those of third party subcontractors to fulfill customer orders. If a subcontractor is used, revenue is recorded net of related subcontractor expense. The resulting net revenue represents the administrative fee charged by the Company for its vendor management services. The subcontractor is paid once the Company has received payment from the customer. Payables to the subcontractors of $19,783 were included in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2010.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and are non-interest bearing. We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated credit losses resulting from collection risks, including the inability of our customers to make required payments under contractual agreements. The allowance for doubtful accounts is reported as a reduction of accounts receivable in our consolidated balance sheets. We determine the adequacy of this allowance by evaluating historical delinquency and write-off trends, the financial condition and credit risk and histories of each customer, historical payment trends as well as the current economic conditions and the impact of such conditions on our customers’ liquidity and overall financial condition. If the financial condition of our customers deteriorates, affecting their ability to make payments, additional allowances would be provided. We also maintain a sales allowance to reserve for potential credits issued to customers. The amount of the reserve is determined based on historical credits issued.

 

Contingent Liabilities

 

We are subject to various claims and legal actions in the ordinary course of our business. Some of these matters include tax, payroll and employee-related matters and investigations by governmental agencies regarding our employment practices. As we become aware of such claims and legal actions, we provide accruals if the exposures are probable and estimable. If an adverse outcome of such claims and legal actions is reasonably possible, we assess materiality and provide disclosure, as appropriate.

 

Staff Care, Inc., an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, is the subject of an assessment by the California Employment Development Department (“EDD”) with respect to the payment of certain payroll related taxes in connection with locum tenens and allied providers, for the period between April 1, 2001 and June 30, 2007. We have appealed the EDD’s assessment as we do not believe the assessment has merit. However, on September 5, 2008 we made a payment to the EDD in the amount of $2.3 million to cease the accrual of interest while the appeal is pending. Of the $2.3 million payment, $1.8 million was related to periods prior to the acquisition of the MHA Group, Inc. (“MHA”), which included Staff Care, Inc., in November 2005 and $0.5 million was related to the post-acquisition period. As part of the acquisition agreement of MHA, the MHA selling shareholders indemnified us with respect to the $1.8 million related to the pre-acquisition period. On August 31, 2009, we signed a settlement agreement with the MHA selling shareholders to release them from any

 

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further liability under the assessment in exchange for their release of claim to an additional $1.5 million in the holdback reserve. As a result of this settlement, we recorded a benefit to pre-tax income in the third quarter of 2009 of $1.5 million, but will be liable for any future costs related to the EDD assessments. There is potential exposure subsequent to the assessment period, but we believe the exposure to be immaterial to our consolidated financial statements.

 

Our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients may also become subject to claims, governmental inquiries and investigations and legal actions to which we may become a party relating to services provided by our professionals. From time to time, and depending upon the particular facts and circumstances, we may be subject to indemnification obligations under our contracts with our hospital, healthcare facility and physician practice group clients relating to these matters.

 

We currently are not aware of any other pending or threatened litigation that would be considered reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

 

Share-Based Payments

 

We expense the estimated fair value of share-based awards over the requisite employee service period. The measurement of stock-based compensation cost is based on several criteria including, but not limited to, the valuation model used and associated input factors such as expected term of the award, our stock price volatility, dividend rate, risk free interest rate, and award forfeiture rate. The input factors to use in the valuation model are based on subjective future expectations combined with management judgment. We estimate the fair value of stock options and stock appreciation rights granted using the Black-Scholes valuation model and the assumptions shown in Note 10(b) to the accompanying consolidated financial statements. We use historical data to estimate pre-vesting equity award forfeitures and record stock-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest. We estimate the expected term based on historical exercise patterns, including data related to equity award exercises, post-vesting termination and equity award contractual term. We base the dividend yield assumption on historical dividend payouts, which are zero. The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on observed interest rates appropriate for the expected term of our equity awards. After consideration of both our implied volatility and historical volatility, we determined our historical volatility to be the most accurate estimate of future volatility due to that we have very limited trading in options and have historical volatility data for a period that covers the expected term of the equity award and therefore utilize this measure. The fair value of equity awards granted is amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods of the awards, which are the vesting periods. If factors change, we may decide to use different assumptions under the Black-Scholes valuation model in the future, which could materially affect our results of operations.

 

Income Taxes

 

The objectives of accounting for income taxes are to recognize the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in an entity’s financial statements or tax returns. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we consider whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible.

 

We consider the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities (including the impact of available carryback and carryforward periods), projected future taxable income, and tax-planning strategies in

 

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making this assessment. We evaluate our uncertain tax positions in accordance with the guidance for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes. We recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Guidance is also provided for recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, and income tax disclosures. Judgment is required in assessing the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns. Variations in the actual outcome of these future tax consequences could materially affect our results of operations.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain statements of operations data as a percentage of revenue. Our results of operations include four reportable segments: (1) nurse and allied healthcare staffing; (2) locum tenens staffing; (3) physician permanent placement services; and (4) home healthcare services. Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of our results of operations to be expected in the future.

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008  

Consolidated Statements of Operations:

      

Revenue

     100.0     100.0     100.0

Cost of revenue

     72.2        73.1        74.0   
                        

Gross profit

     27.8        26.9        26.0   

Selling, general and administrative

     24.4        20.7        18.9   

Depreciation and amortization

     2.2        1.8        1.2   

Impairment and restructuring charges

     7.4        24.6        —     
                        

Income (loss) from operations

     (6.2     (20.2     5.9   

Interest expense, net

     2.9        1.6        0.9   
                        

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (9.1     (21.8     5.0   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (1.5     (5.7     2.2   
                        

Net income (loss)

     (7.6 )%      (16.1 )%      2.8
                        

 

Comparison of Results for the Year Ended December 31, 2010 to the Year Ended December 31, 2009

 

Revenue.    Revenue decreased 9.3% to $689.2 million for 2010 from $759.8 million for 2009, primarily due to a decrease in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment in the nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment and partially offset by the additional revenue in connection with the acquisition of NFI in September 2010. While our industry remains under pressure in this high unemployment and generally weak economic environment, there are indications that we will experience moderate growth in most of our businesses throughout 2011.

 

Nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment revenue decreased 13.9% to $371.2 million for 2010 from $431.1 million for 2009. The $59.9 million decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment, partially offset by approximately $54.8 million additional revenue from the acquisition of NFI in September 2010. During 2010, the decline in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment was primarily attributable to the decrease in demand resulting from the widespread and unprecedented economic downturn.

 

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Locum tenens staffing segment revenue decreased 9.3%, to $264.7 million for 2010 from $291.8 million for 2009. Of the $27.1 million decrease, $31.0 million was attributable to a decrease in the number of days filled by healthcare professionals during 2010 and $5.6 million was attributable to the net of effect of a mix shift to our lower bill rate specialties partially offset by an increase in the average daily rate billed to clients. The decrease was partially offset by $9.5 million additional revenue from the acquisition of NFI in September 2010.

 

Physician permanent placement services segment revenue decreased 7.9% to $34.0 million for 2010 from $36.9 million for 2009. The decrease was primarily attributable to the deferral of revenue during 2010 as compared to the recognition of deferred revenue during 2009 and a decrease in the number of active searches and placements during 2010. The decrease was partially offset by $0.9 million additional revenue from the acquisition of NFI in September 2010.

 

Home healthcare services segment revenue was $19.3 million representing four months of revenue for this segment for 2010. The home healthcare services segment was acquired with the NFI acquisition, and therefore had no revenue in 2009.

 

Cost of Revenue.    Cost of revenue decreased 10.4% to $497.7 million for 2010 from $555.4 million for 2009, primarily due to a decrease in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment and partially offset by the additional cost of revenue from the acquisition of NFI in September 2010. As we experience a moderate increase in demand, we anticipate an increase in cost of revenue due to a higher number of healthcare professionals on assignment and, in the case of the nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment, we expect to see a nominal increase in total housing and compensation required to recruit healthcare professionals.

 

Nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment cost of revenue decreased 15.6% to $274.8 million for 2010 from $325.7 million for 2009. The decrease of $50.9 million was almost entirely due to a decrease in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment, which was partially offset by approximately $39.5 million in additional cost of revenue from the acquisition of NFI in September 2010.

 

Locum tenens staffing segment cost of revenue decreased 8.5%, to $196.6 million for 2010 from $214.8 million for 2009. Of the $18.2 million decrease, $22.8 million was attributable to a decrease in the number of days filled by healthcare professionals during 2010, and $1.8 million was attributable to the net of effect of a mix shift to our lower pay rate specialties partially offset by an increase in the average daily rate paid to the healthcare professionals. These decreases were partially offset by a $6.4 million additional cost of revenue from the NFI acquisition in September 2010.

 

Physician permanent placement services segment cost of revenue decreased 4.7% to $14.2 million for 2010 from $14.9 million for 2009 primarily due to lower recruiter headcount and reduced direct marketing cost.

 

Home healthcare services segment cost of revenue was $12.1 million in 2010. The home healthcare services segment is a new segment acquired in connection with the NFI acquisition in September 2010.

 

Gross Profit.    Gross profit decreased 6.3% to $191.5 million for 2010 from $204.4 million for 2009, representing gross margins of 27.8% and 26.9%, respectively. The increase in gross margin was due to an improvement in gross margin in our nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment along with the impact of four months contribution of the higher margin home healthcare services segment to our consolidated results. Gross margin by reportable segment for 2010 and 2009 was 25.9% and 24.4%, respectively, for nurse and allied healthcare staffing, 25.7% and 26.4%, respectively, for locum tenens staffing, 58.4% and 59.6%, respectively, for physician permanent placement services. Gross margin for the newly acquired home healthcare services was 37.1% for the period of four month since the date of the NFI acquisition. As indicated above, we expect to see an increase in total housing and compensation expenses as we experience an increase in demand, but anticipate our margins remaining relatively stable in 2011.

 

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Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.    Selling, general and administrative expenses increased 6.9% to $168.1 million for 2010 from $157.2 million for 2009. The increase was mainly due to the addition of selling, general and administrative expenses incurred by NFI during 2010, which totaled approximately $17.8 million, which was partially offset by the reduction in expenses as a result of cost-reduction actions taken during 2009. In addition, we incurred acquisition and integration related costs during 2010 which totaled approximately $9.4 million, which are included in unallocated corporate overhead. Selling, general and administrative expenses broken down between the reportable segments, unallocated corporate overhead and stock-based compensation are as follows ($ amount in thousands):

 

     Years Ended
December 31,
 
     2010      2009  

Nurse and allied healthcare staffing

   $ 61,029       $ 67,315   

Locum tenens staffing

     46,166         48,251   

Physician permanent placement services

     11,931         12,146   

Home healthcare services

     5,573         —     

Unallocated corporate overhead

     35,145         20,820   

Stock-based compensation

     8,284         8,709   
                 
   $ 168,128       $ 157,241   
                 

 

Depreciation and Amortization Expenses.    Amortization expense increased to $5.9 million for 2010 from $4.8 million for 2009, with the increase primarily attributable to the amortization of newly acquired intangible assets from the NFI acquisition in September 2010. Depreciation expense increased slightly to $9.2 million for 2010 from $9.0 million for 2009. The increase was primarily attributable to the additional depreciation on the newly acquired fixed assets from the NFI acquisition in September 2010, partially offset by certain fixed assets becoming fully depreciated during 2010.

 

Impairment and Restructuring Charges.    We recorded $50.8 of impairment and restructuring charges in 2010, as compared to $187.0 million for impairment and restructure charges in the same period in 2009. The $50.8 million impairment and restructuring charges recorded in 2010 were related solely to goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles on acquisitions made in prior years. Impairment charges by reportable segment recorded during 2010 were $13.7 million for nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment, $30.3 million for locum tenens staffing segment and $6.8 million for physician permanent placement services segment. Of the $187.0 million of impairment and restructuring charges recorded in 2009, $175.7 million was for impairment charges related to goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles and $11.3 million was for restructuring charges as a result of the Company’s adjustments to its branding strategy and infrastructure.

 

Interest Expense, Net.    Interest expense, net, was $19.8 million for 2010 as compared to $12.0 million for 2009. Interest expense for 2010 includes $5.1 million of costs incurred in association with the amendment to the existing Tranche B term loan in September 2010 in connection with the NFI acquisition, with 2009 interest expense including $3.5 million of costs associated with refinancing our credit facility. The remainder of the increase in interest expense was attributable to increasing and refinancing our debt in connection with the NFI acquisition.

 

Income Tax Benefit.    We recorded an income tax benefit of $10.3 million for 2010 as compared to $43.4 million for 2009, reflecting effective income tax rates of 16.5% and 26.2% for these periods, respectively. The change in the effective income tax rate was primarily attributable to the difference in the amount of goodwill impairment charges recorded during 2010 and 2009, a portion of which was permanently nondeductible for tax purposes, transaction costs related to the NFI acquisition, a portion of which were treated as permanently nondeductible for tax purposes and the change in pretax income year over year and its relationship to permanent differences. The annual effective tax rate for 2010 of 16.5% is less than the United States federal statutory rate of

 

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35% primarily due to a rate impact from provisions for uncertain tax positions of (1.9)%, goodwill impairment of (17.9)%, transactions costs of (1.4)%, an additional rate impact from other items of (1.1)% and a state tax rate, net of federal benefit of 3.8%.

 

Comparison of Results for the Year Ended December 31, 2009 to the Year Ended December 31, 2008

 

Revenue.    Revenue decreased 38% to $759.8 million for 2009 from $1,217.2 million for 2008, primarily due to a decrease in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment in the nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment.

 

Nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment revenue decreased 49% to $431.1 million for 2009 from $843.7 million for 2008. Of the $412.6 million decrease, $416.5 million was attributable to a decrease in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment, which was partially offset by an increase in the average bill rates charged to hospital and healthcare facilities. During 2009, the decline in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment was attributable to the considerable decrease in demand resulting from the widespread and unprecedented economic downturn, as well as from lower volume from our O’Grady Peyton business due to visa restrictions.

 

Locum tenens staffing segment revenue decreased 9% to $291.8 million for 2009 from $322.0 million for 2008. Of the $30.2 million decrease, $27.3 million was attributable to a decrease in the number of days filled by healthcare professionals during 2009 and $2.9 million was attributable to the net of effect of a mix shift to our lower bill rate specialties partially offset by an increase in the average daily rate billed to clients.

 

Physician permanent placement services segment revenue decreased 28% to $36.9 million for 2009 from $51.5 million for 2008. The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in the number of active searches and placements during 2009.

 

Cost of Revenue.    Cost of revenue decreased 38% to $555.4 million for 2009 from $900.2 million for 2008, primarily due to a decrease in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment.

 

Nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment cost of revenue decreased 49% to $325.7 million for 2009 from $642.0 million for 2008. The decrease of $316.3 million was almost entirely due to a decrease in the average number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment.

 

Locum tenens staffing segment cost of revenue decreased 9% to $214.8 million for 2009 from $237.3 million for 2008. Of the $22.5 million decrease, $20.1 million was attributable to a decrease in the number of days filled by healthcare professionals during 2009, and $2.4 million was attributable to the net of effect of a mix shift to our lower pay rate specialties partially offset by an increase in the average daily rate paid to the healthcare professionals.

 

Physician permanent placement services segment cost of revenue decreased 29% to $14.9 million for 2009 from $20.9 million for 2008 primarily due to reduced direct marketing cost and lower recruiter headcount.

 

Gross Profit.    Gross profit decreased 36% to $204.4 million for 2009 from $317.0 million for 2008, representing gross margins of 26.9% and 26.0%, respectively. The increase in gross margin was due to our nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment decreasing in proportion to our higher margin locum tenens staffing and physician permanent placement services segments as well as an improvement in gross margin within the nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment. Gross margin by reportable segment for 2009 and 2008 was 24.4% and 23.9% for nurse and allied healthcare staffing, 26.4% and 26.3% for locum tenens staffing and 59.6% and 59.4% for physician permanent placement services, respectively.

 

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Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.    Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased 32% to $157.2 million for 2009 from $230.7 million for 2008. The decrease was primarily due to lower employee and office related expenses as a result of cost-reduction actions taken throughout 2009, $4.5 million in actuarial-based reductions in the professional liability reserve as well as a benefit of $1.5 million due to the settlement with the selling shareholders of MHA recorded during 2009. Selling, general and administrative expenses broken down between the reportable segments, unallocated corporate overhead and stock-based compensation are as follows ($ amount in thousands):

 

     Years Ended
December 31,
 
     2009      2008  

Nurse and allied healthcare staffing

   $ 67,315       $ 116,281   

Locum tenens staffing

     48,251         58,690   

Physician permanent placement services

     12,146         15,222   

Unallocated corporate overhead

     20,820         31,141   

Stock-based compensation

     8,709         9,322   
                 
   $ 157,241       $ 230,656   
                 

 

Depreciation and Amortization Expenses.    Amortization expense increased slightly to $4.8 million for 2009 from $4.7 million for 2008. Depreciation expense decreased to $9.0 million for 2009 from $9.7 million for 2008, with the decrease primary attributable to certain fixed assets having been fully depreciated during 2009.

 

Impairment and Restructuring Charges.    Due to the continued economic downturn and our lower market capitalization, we performed interim impairment testing during the first quarter of 2009. We determined that the fair values of certain reporting units were lower than their respective carrying values. The decrease in value was due to the depressed equity market values and lower projected near term growth rates in the healthcare staffing industry that rapidly deteriorated in the first quarter, lowering the anticipated growth trend used for goodwill impairment testing. Estimated impairment charges related to goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles were $175.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. No impairment charges were incurred for 2008. Estimated impairment charges by reportable segment recorded during the first quarter of 2009 were $143.5 million for nurse and allied healthcare staffing and $32.2 million for locum tenens staffing. During the second quarter of 2009, we finalized the fair value of our identified tangible and intangible assets and liabilities for purposes of determining the implied fair value of our goodwill and any resulting goodwill impairment with no additional impairment charges recorded. We also performed annual impairment testing as of October 31, 2009, and determined there was no further impairment of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles. Additionally, during 2009, we implemented strategic branding and consolidation initiatives resulting in the Company incurring termination costs for employees and lease liabilities. Restructuring charges of $11.3 million were recorded in 2009, of which $9.0 million was for nurse and allied healthcare staffing, $0.4 million for locum tenens staffing and $1.9 million for physician permanent placement services.

 

Interest Expense, Net.    Interest expense, net, was $12.0 million for 2009 as compared to $10.7 million for 2008. The increase was primarily due to $3.5 million of costs associated with the write-off of deferred financing costs and settlement of interest rate hedging positions related to the refinancing of our credit facility in December 2009. The increase was partially offset by a decrease in interest expense primarily attributable to a lower average debt outstanding balance for 2009 as compared to 2008.

 

Income Tax Expense (Benefit).    We recorded an income tax benefit of $43.4 million for 2009 as compared to income tax expense of $26.8 million for 2008, reflecting effective income tax rates of 26.2% and 43.9% for these periods, respectively. The change in the effective income tax rate was primarily attributable to the goodwill impairment charges recorded during 2009, a portion of which was permanently nondeductible for tax purposes, and an increase in our unrecognized tax benefits.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

In summary, our cash flows were:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008  
     (in thousands)  

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 8,089      $ 98,732      $ 63,694   

Net cash used in investing activities

     (6,846     (29,245     (48,247

Net cash used in financing activities

     (26,449     (53,810     (22,334

 

Historically, our primary liquidity requirements have been for acquisitions, working capital requirements and debt service under our credit facility. We have funded these requirements through internally generated cash flow and funds borrowed under our credit facility. At December 31, 2010, $214.7 million, net of discount, was outstanding under our credit facility with $28.7 million of available credit under the secured revolver portion of this facility.

 

On September 1, 2010, we amended and expanded our credit facility and entered into a Second Lien Credit Facility in connection with the NFI acquisition as discussed in further detail below.

 

We believe that cash generated from operations and available borrowings under our revolving credit facility will be sufficient to fund our operations for the next 12 months and beyond. We intend to finance potential future acquisitions either with cash provided from operations, borrowing under our revolving credit facility, bank loans, debt or equity offerings, or some combination of the foregoing.

 

Operating Activities:

 

Net cash provided by operations for 2010 was $8.1 million, compared to $98.7 million for 2009 and $63.7 million for 2008. The decrease in net cash provided by operations was primarily attributable to the decrease in accounts receivable collection as a result of decreased revenue, which was partially offset by an increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses and accrued compensation and benefits during the year ended December 31, 2010. Our Days Sales Outstanding (“DSO”) was 53 days and 57 days at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

Investing Activities:

 

Capital expenditures were $4.2 million, $3.8 million and $8.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Our capital expenditure requirements may increase in the future as a result of our acquisition of NFI in September 2010. Restricted cash and cash equivalents balance was reduced by $1.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2010 as a result of certain outstanding letters of credit that expired during the period.

 

In addition to the overall acquisition of NFI in 2010, we incurred business acquisition-related expenditures of $3.7 million, $3.4 and $39.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The business acquisition expenditures in 2010 were primarily related to our acquisition of NFI in September 2010. This acquisition was financed through a combination of bank debt, cash provided by operations and AMN common and preferred stocks. During 2009, we paid $3.4 million of cash for holdback liabilities for prior year acquisitions, of which, $2.4 million was paid to the selling shareholders of Platinum Select Staffing and $1.0 million was paid to the selling shareholders of MHA. Of the $39.5 million expenditure in 2008, $31.0 million was for the acquisition of Platinum Select Staffing in February 2008 and $8.5 million was a portion of the cash holdback paid to the selling shareholders of MHA. We will continue to evaluate and look for acquisition opportunities that may require additional funding.

 

 

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Financing Activities:

 

Net cash used in financing activities during the year ended December 31, 2010 was $26.4 million, primarily due to paying off the NFI then-existing debt offset by the additional borrowings in connection with the First Amendment to our credit agreement and the Second Lien Credit Agreement discussed below. Net cash used in financing activities during the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 were $53.8 million and $22.3 million, respectively, primarily due to paying down our outstanding revolver and notes payable during the period. At December 31, 2010 and 2009, there were no amounts outstanding under the revolving credit facility.

 

Amendment to Credit Agreement

 

On September 1, 2010, we entered into an amendment (the “First Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement dated December 23, 2009 (the “First Lien Credit Agreement”). The First Amendment, among other things, (a) extended the maturity date of the revolver portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement from December 23, 2012 to August 31, 2014, (b) extended the maturity date with respect to the Tranche B term loan portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement from December 23, 2013 to June 23, 2015, (c) increased the Tranche B term loan portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement by an additional $77.8 million, resulting in an aggregate principal amount of the Tranche B term loan portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement of $185.0 million, (d) increased the interest rate of both the revolver portion and the Tranche B term loan portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement as described below, (e) adjusted the scheduled amortization of the Tranche B term loan portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement as described below, (f) adjusted certain of the financial covenants and added a Minimum Liquidity and a Consolidated First Lien Leverage Ratio covenant and (g) permitted the incurrence of indebtedness under the Second Lien Credit Agreement (as defined below).

 

The revolver portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement, which can be drawn up to an amount of $40.0 million less letters of credit and swingline loans outstanding, carries an unused fee of 0.75% per annum. Borrowings under the revolver portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement bear interest at floating rates based upon either a LIBOR or a prime interest rate option selected by us, plus a spread of 5.50% and 4.50%, respectively. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, there were no amounts outstanding under the revolving credit facility.

 

Borrowings under the Tranche B term loan portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement bear interest at floating rates based upon either a LIBOR (with a LIBOR floor of 1.75%) or a prime interest rate option selected by us, plus a spread of 5.50% and 4.50%, respectively.

 

There are no mandatory reductions in the revolving commitment under the revolver portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement. The Tranche B term loan portion of the First Lien Credit Agreement is subject to quarterly amortization of principal (in equal installments), with an amount equal to 5% of the initial aggregate principal amount of the Tranche B term loan in the first year, 10% of the initial aggregate principal amount of the Tranche B term loan in the second year and 15% of the Tranche B term loan in the third and fourth years with any remaining amounts payable quarterly thereafter until the maturity date on June 23, 2015. We are required to make additional customary mandatory prepayments with the proceeds of certain asset dispositions, extraordinary receipts, debt issuances and equity issuances, as well as a percentage of the annual excess cash flow. Additionally, pursuant to the First Amendment, in connection with any prepayment of the Tranche B term loan with the proceeds of certain refinance event consummated prior to the first anniversary of the effective date, we will pay a premium in an amount equal to 1.0% of the aggregate principal amount of the Tranche B term loans prepaid.

 

Our First Lien Credit Agreement contains various financial covenants, including a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, maximum consolidated leverage ratio, maximum consolidated First Lien leverage ratio, and minimum liquidity as well as restrictions on assumption of additional indebtedness, declaration of dividends, dispositions of assets, consolidation into another entity, capital expenditures in excess of specified amounts and allowable investments. We were in compliance with these requirements as of December 31, 2010.

 

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Second Lien Credit Agreement

 

On September 1, 2010, we entered into a Second Lien Credit Agreement (the “Second Lien Credit Agreement”) with certain lenders (the “Second Lien Lenders”) to provide for a $40.0 million second lien secured term loan facility (the “Second Lien Credit Facility”). We used the proceeds along with the proceeds from Tranche B term loan and available cash to repay all outstanding indebtedness of NFI and to pay transaction costs relating to the acquisition.

 

The maturity date of the Second Lien Credit Facility is September 1, 2016. The full principal amount of the Second Lien Credit Facility is payable on the maturity date.

 

Borrowings under the Second Lien Credit Facility bear interest at floating rates based upon either a LIBOR (with a LIBOR floor of 1.75%) or a prime interest rate option selected by us, plus a spread of 10.00% and 9.00%, respectively.

 

We are required to make customary mandatory prepayments of the Second Lien Credit Facility with the proceeds of certain asset dispositions, extraordinary receipts, debt issuances and equity issuances. We are also required to make excess cash flow mandatory prepayments of the Second Lien Credit Facility within ninety days after the end of each fiscal year, commencing with the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, in an amount to be determined based on our Consolidated Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Second Lien Credit Agreement), less any voluntary prepayments of the Second Lien Credit Facility or any loans under the First Lien Credit Agreement made during the fiscal year. All such mandatory prepayments are only required to the extent all obligations under the First Lien Credit Agreement have been paid in full and the commitments to make additional credit extensions thereunder have been terminated.

 

Voluntary prepayments, or mandatory prepayments with the proceeds of certain debt issuances, of the Second Lien Credit Facility made during the first 18 months following the closing date are subject to a make-whole premium. Thereafter, prepayments are subject to a premium, which initially is 103% of the principal amount of loans prepaid and decreases over time.

 

The Second Lien Credit Agreement contains various customary affirmative and negative covenants and also contains financial covenants that require us to maintain a maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio and a minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (each as defined in the Second Lien Credit Agreement). We were in compliance with these requirements as of December 31, 2010.

 

Borrowings

 

As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, the total of our term loans outstanding (including both the current and long-term portions), net of discount, was $214.7 million and $105.6 million, respectively.

 

Financing Costs

 

Of the $8.7 million financing costs incurred in connection with the First Amendment and Second Lien Credit Facility, we recorded $5.1 million as interest expense in 2010, and capitalized the remaining amount as debt issuance costs, which will be amortized over the terms of the new credit facilities. Additionally, we recorded a discount of $2.8 million on the term loan and Second Lien Credit Facility as an offset to the par value of the note payables on the consolidated balance sheet, which will be amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method.

 

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Contractual Obligations

 

The following table summarizes our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2010 (in thousands):

 

     Fiscal Year  
     2011      2012      2013      2014      2015      Thereafter      Total  

Notes payable (1)

   $ 31,359       $ 39,351       $ 42,090       $ 44,661       $ 90,800      $ 43,525      $ 291,786   

Capital lease obligations (2)

     735         689         650         72         —           —           2,146   

Operating lease obligations (3)

     15,997         13,962         11,423         10,608         10,301         27,046         89,337   
                                                              

Total contractual obligations

   $ 48,091       $ 54,002       $ 54,163       $ 55,341       $ 101,101       $ 70,571       $ 383,269   
                                                              

 

  (1) Amounts represent contractual amounts due, including interest.

 

  (2) Amounts represent contractual amounts due, including interest, with initial or remaining lease terms in excess of one year.

 

  (3) Amounts represent minimum contractual amounts, with initial or remaining lease terms in excess of one year. We have assumed no escalations in rent or changes in variable expenses other than as stipulated in lease contracts. The amounts have not been reduced by minimum sublease rents of $2.1 million expected to be recovered under the operating subleases.

 

In addition to the above disclosed contractual obligations, the uncertain income tax liability including interest and penalties was $21.4 million at December 31, 2010. Based on the uncertainties associated with the settlement of these items, we are unable to make reasonably reliable estimates of the period of potential settlements, if any, with taxing authorities.

 

Off-Balance Sheet and Other Financing Arrangements

 

At December 31, 2010 and 2009, we did not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance, variable interest or special purpose, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance-sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. In addition, we do not engage in trading activities involving non-exchange traded contracts. As such, we are not materially exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in such relationships. We do not have relationships or transactions with persons or entities that derive benefits from their non-independent relationship with us or our related parties.

 

Potential Fluctuations in Quarterly Results and Seasonality

 

Due to the regional and seasonal fluctuations in the hospital patient census and staffing needs of our hospital and healthcare facility and other clients and due to the seasonal preferences for destinations of our temporary healthcare professionals, revenue, earnings and the number of temporary healthcare professionals on assignment are subject to moderate seasonal fluctuations.

 

Inflation

 

Although inflation has remained relatively stable during the last several years, the rate of inflation in healthcare related services continues to exceed the rate experienced by the economy as a whole. Our contracts typically provide for an annual increase in the fees paid to us by our clients based on increases in various inflation indices allowing us to pass on inflation costs to our clients.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In July 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board amended guidance on revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables to require an entity to apply the relative selling price allocation method in order to estimate a selling price for all units of accounting, including delivered items, when vendor-specific objective evidence (VSOE) or acceptable third-party evidence (TPE) does not exist and expands the disclosure requirements to require an entity to provide both qualitative and quantitative information about the significant judgments made in applying the amended guidance and subsequent changes in those judgments that may significantly affect the timing or amount of revenue recognition. This guidance is effective for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010 and shall be applied on a prospective basis. Earlier application is permitted. We are required to adopt the guidance beginning January 1, 2011, and we do not expect the adoption will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

See Note 1(s) of our Notes to the accompanying consolidated financial statements for information regarding the effect of recently adopted accounting pronouncements on our financial statements.

 

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are identified by words such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “will,” “may” and other similar expressions. In addition, any statements that refer to expectations, projections or other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements. The following factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from those implied by the forward-looking statements in this Annual Report:

 

   

our ability to sustain and grow our staffing services in a continued significant economic downturn and slow industry recovery;

 

   

our ability to continue to recruit and retain qualified temporary and permanent healthcare professionals at reasonable costs, in the face of future growth in employment rates and resulting constriction of supply;

 

   

our ability to attract and retain sales and operational personnel;

 

   

our ability to secure new and profitable orders and searches from our hospital, healthcare facility, affiliated healthcare network and physician practice group clients, which may be impacted by the role of intermediary organizations, such as vendor management companies;

 

   

consolidation and concentration of buyers of healthcare staffing services, including our own increasingly significant managed services customers, which could impact demand and pricing for our services and our ability to mitigate credit risk;

 

   

the overall level of demand for services offered by temporary and permanent healthcare providers, including home health providers, which may be affected by adoption of alternative modes of healthcare delivery, the changing preferences of our clients and federal and state healthcare reform legislation;

 

   

the ability of our clients to retain and increase the productivity of their permanent staff;

 

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our ability to successfully design our strategic growth, acquisition and integration strategies and to implement those strategies, in particular, in our acquisition of NFI, and to integrate acquired companies’ accounting, management information, human resource and other administrative systems, and implement or remediate controls, procedures and policies at acquired companies;

 

   

our ability to innovate and to anticipate, interpret and adjust to actions by new and existing competition sources and technological changes;

 

   

our ability to leverage our cost structure;

 

   

access to and undisrupted performance of our management information and communication systems, including use of the Internet, and our candidate and client databases and payroll and billing software systems;

 

   

our ability to keep our client and provider-facing self-service web sites operational and without service interruptions;

 

   

our ability to grow and operate our business in compliance with legislation and regulations, including regulations that may directly or indirectly impact us, such as Medicare certification and reimbursement, state licensure and the Affordable Care Act and state healthcare reform legislation;

 

   

the challenge to the classification of certain of our healthcare professionals as independent contractors;

 

   

the impact of medical malpractice and other claims asserted against us for which we carry significant self-insured retentions;

 

   

our ability to carry out our business strategy and maintain sufficient cash flow and capital structure to support our business;

 

   

our ability to meet our financial covenants, which if not met, could adversely affect our liquidity;

 

   

the loss of key officers and management personnel that could adversely affect our ability to remain competitive;

 

   

our ability to maintain our valuable brands and the effect of recognition by us of an impairment to goodwill; and

 

   

the effect of adjustments by us to accruals for self-insured retention.

 

Other factors that could cause actual results to differ from those implied by the forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are more fully described in the “Risk Factors” section and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We undertake no obligation to update the forward-looking statements in this filing.

 

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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity prices.

 

During 2010, our primary exposure to market risk was interest rate risk associated with our debt instruments. We entered into a new credit agreement and an amendment to our existing credit agreement in September 2010. Borrowings under the secured term loan facility portion of the credit agreement bear interest at floating rates based upon either a LIBOR (with a LIBOR floor of 1.75%) or a prime interest rate option selected by us, plus a spread of 5.50% and 4.50%, respectively. Borrowings under the Second Lien Credit Facility bear interest at floating rates based upon either a LIBOR (with a LIBOR floor of 1.75%) or a prime interest rate option selected by us, plus a spread of 10.00% and 9.00%, respectively. A 1% change in interest rates in excess of the minimum floor on our variable rate debt would have resulted in interest expense fluctuating approximately $1.5 million for 2010.

 

Our international operations create exposure to foreign currency exchange rate risks. We believe that our foreign currency risk is immaterial.

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

     Page  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     46   

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2010 and 2009

     47   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

     48   

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

     49   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

     50   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     51   

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

AMN Healthcare Services, Inc.:

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of AMN Healthcare Services, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income (loss), and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2010. In connection with our audits of the consolidated financial statements, we have also audited the financial statement schedule of valuation and qualifying accounts. These consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of AMN Healthcare Services, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2010, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule of valuation and qualifying accounts, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated March 10, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

/s/ KPMG LLP

 

San Diego, California

March 10, 2011

 

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AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES, INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except par value)

 

     December 31,
2010
    December 31,
2009
 

ASSETS

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 1,883      $ 27,053   

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $5,597 and $5,309 at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively

     127,464        89,150   

Accounts receivable, subcontractor

     17,082        348   

Prepaid expenses

     6,969        6,550   

Income taxes receivable

     3,760        3,900   

Deferred income taxes, net

     20,170        8,534   

Other current assets

     1,933        1,902   
                

Total current assets

     179,261        137,437   

Restricted cash and cash equivalents

     20,961        22,025   

Fixed assets, net

     21,777        19,970   

Deposits and other assets

     20,116        14,368   

Deferred income taxes, net

     243        —     

Goodwill

     154,176        79,868   

Intangible assets, net

     165,576        115,336   
                

Total assets

   $ 562,110      $ 389,004   
                

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Current liabilities:

    

Bank overdraft

   $ 4,463      $ —     

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     45,867        18,057   

Accrued compensation and benefits

     38,060        24,054   

Current portion of notes payable

     13,875        5,500   

Deferred revenue

     7,191        5,084   

Other current liabilities

     8,437        10,404   
                

Total current liabilities

     117,893        63,099   

Notes payable, less current portion and discount

     200,811        100,121   

Deferred income taxes, net

     —          789   

Other long-term liabilities

     61,575        54,151   
                

Total liabilities

     380,279        218,160   
                

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

    

Series A Conditional Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value; 5,608 shares authorized; 5,608 and zero shares issued at December 31, 2010, and December 31, 2009, respectively

   $ 28,376      $ —     

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 4,392 shares authorized; none outstanding at December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009

     —          —     

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 200,000 shares authorized; 39,186 and 45,801 shares issued at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively

     392        458   

Additional paid-in capital

     386,550        417,693   

Treasury stock, at cost (zero and 13,170 shares at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively)

     —          (230,138

Accumulated deficit

     (233,066     (16,712

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (421     (457
                

Total stockholders’ equity

     153,455        170,844   
                

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 562,110      $ 389,004   
                

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES, INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008  

Revenue

   $ 689,217      $ 759,790      $ 1,217,200   

Cost of revenue

     497,691        555,369        900,211   
                        

Gross profit

     191,526        204,421        316,989   
                        

Operating expenses:

      

Selling, general and administrative

     168,128        157,241        230,656   

Depreciation and amortization

     15,084        13,812        14,439   

Impairment and restructuring charges

     50,832        186,977        —     
                        

Total operating expenses

     234,044        358,030        245,095   
                        

Income (loss) from operations

     (42,518     (153,609     71,894   

Interest expense, net

     19,771        11,955        10,690   
                        

Income (loss) before income taxes

     (62,289     (165,564     61,204   

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (10,298     (43,387     26,847   
                        

Net income (loss)

   $ (51,991   $ (122,177   $ 34,357   
                        

Net income (loss) per common share:

      

Basic

   $ (1.49   $ (3.75   $ 1.03   
                        

Diluted

   $ (1.49   $ (3.75   $ 1.02   
                        

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

      

Basic

     34,840        32,615        33,375   
                        

Diluted

     34,840        32,615        33,811   
                        

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES, INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

(in thousands)

 

    Common Stock     Additional
Paid-in
Capital
    Treasury Stock     Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated
Deficit)
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Total  
    Shares     Amount       Shares     Amount        

Balance, December 31, 2007

    45,446      $ 454      $ 397,237        11,615      $ (201,692   $ 71,108      $ (907   $ 266,200   

Repurchase of common stock into treasury

    —          —          —          1,555        (28,446     —          —          (28,446

Stock options and SARs exercised and RSUs vested

    300        3        3,991        —          —          —          —          3,994   

Income tax shortfall from stock options and SARs exercised and RSUs vested

    —          —          (125     —          —          —          —          (125

Stock-based compensation

    —          —          9,322        —          —          —          —          9,322   

Comprehensive income (loss):

               

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    —          —          —          —          —          —          (292     (292

Unrealized loss on derivative financial instruments, net of tax

    —          —          —          —          —          —          (877     (877

Net income

    —          —          —          —          —          34,357        —          34,357   
                     

Total comprehensive income

                  33,188   
                                                               

Balance, December 31, 2008

    45,746      $ 457      $ 410,425        13,170      $ (230,138   $ 105,465      $ (2,076   $ 284,133   

Stock options and SARs exercised and RSUs vested

    55        1        (157     —          —          —          —          (156

Income tax shortfall from stock options and SARs exercised and RSUs vested

    —          —          (1,284     —          —          —          —          (1,284

Stock-based compensation

    —          —          8,709        —          —          —          —          8,709   

Comprehensive income (loss):

               

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    —          —          —          —          —          —          60        60   

Settlement of derivative financial instruments, net of tax

    —          —          —          —          —          —          1,559        1,559   

Net loss

    —          —          —          —          —          (122,177     —          (122,177
                     

Total comprehensive loss

                  (120,558
                                                               

Balance, December 31, 2009

    45,801      $ 458      $ 417,693        13,170      $ (230,138   $ (16,712   $ (457   $ 170,844   

Common stock issuance

    6,300        63        27,846        —          —          —          —          27,909   

Treasury stock retirement

    (13,170     (132     (65,643     (13,170     230,138        (164,363     —          —     

Stock options and SARs exercised and RSUs vested

    255        3        (1,090     —          —          —          —          (1,087

Income tax shortfall from stock options and SARs exercised and RSUs vested

    —          —          (540     —          —          —          —          (540

Stock-based compensation

    —          —          8,284        —          —          —          —          8,284   

Comprehensive income (loss):

               

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    —          —          —          —          —          —          36        36   

Net loss

    —          —          —          —          —          (51,991     —          (51,991
                     

Total comprehensive loss

                  (51,955
                                                               

Balance, December 31, 2010

    39,186      $ 392      $ 386,550      $ —        $ —        $ (233,066   $ (421   $ 153,455   
                                                               

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES, INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008  

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income (loss)

   $ (51,991   $ (122,177   $ 34,357   

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     15,084        13,812        14,439   

Non-cash interest expense

     3,240        4,583        1,614   

Increase in allowances for doubtful accounts and sales credits

     3,911        4,334        6,404   

Provision for deferred income taxes

     (10,711     (51,721     (3,370

Stock-based compensation

     8,284        8,709        9,322   

Excess tax benefit from stock options and SARs exercised and RSUs vested

     (125     —          (79

Impairment charges

     50,832        175,707        —     

Loss on disposal or sale of fixed assets

     123        979        227   

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisition:

      

Accounts receivable

     (11,019     84,915        7,290   

Accounts receivable, Subcontractor

     (4,283     3,815        (3,288

Income taxes receivable

     140        (460     (3,440

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,185        5,972        (2,579

Deposits and other assets

     (911     971        (2,688

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

     8,936        (6,363     1,941   

Accrued compensation and benefits

     (166     (20,817     758   

Income taxes payable

     —          —          (1,653

Other liabilities

     (4,440     (3,527     4,439   
                        

Net cash provided by operating activities

     8,089        98,732        63,694   
                        

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Purchase and development of fixed assets

     (4,168     (3,789     (8,755

Purchase of intangible assets

     —          —          (40

Change in restricted cash and cash equivalents balance

     1,064        (22,025     —     

Cash payment for holdback liability for prior year acquisitions

     (511     (3,431     (8,500

Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash received

     (3,231     —          (30,952
                        

Net cash used in investing activities

     (6,846     (29,245     (48,247
                        

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Capital lease repayments

     (647     (889     (667

Proceeds from revolving credit facility

     —          —          66,500   

Payments on revolving credit facility

     —          (31,500     (35,000

Payment of financing costs

     (3,629     (6,199     (618

Payment of notes payable discount

     (2,755     (4,400     —     

Proceeds from notes payable

     117,750        110,000        —     

Payments on notes payable

     (7,449     (114,816     (32,152

Payments on termination of derivative contracts

     —          (1,855     —     

Repurchase of common stock

     —          —          (28,446

Proceeds from exercise of equity awards

     —          12        3,994   

Payments of employee tax withholdings from equity transactions

     (1,087     (168     —     

Payment on NFI then-existing debt

     (132,918     —          —     

Excess tax benefit from stock options and SARs exercised and RSUs vested

     125        —          79   

Change in bank overdraft, net of overdraft acquired

     4,161        (3,995     3,976   
                        

Net cash used in financing activities

     (26,449     (53,810     (22,334
                        

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     36        60        (292
                        

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (25,170     15,737        (7,179

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

     27,053        11,316        18,495   
                        

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

   $ 1,883      $ 27,053      $ 11,316   
                        

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

      

Cash paid for interest (net of $26, $29 and $70 capitalized in 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively)

   $ 16,429      $ 7,387      $ 9,600   
                        

Cash (received) paid for income taxes

   $ (84   $ 5,609      $ 32,947   
                        

Supplemental disclosures of noncash investing and financing activities:

      

Fixed assets acquired through capital leases

   $ —        $ 2,145      $ 243   
                        

Fair value of assets acquired in acquisitions, net of cash received

   $ 58,597      $ —        $ 8,778   

Goodwill

     116,240        —          11,557   

Intangible assets

     65,044        —          13,960   

Liabilities assumed

     (47,447     —          (1,007

NFI then-existing debt

     (132,918     —          —     

Preferred Stock Issued

     (28,376     —          —     

Common Stock Issued

     (27,909     —          —     

Holdback provision

     —          —          (2,336
                        

Net cash paid for acquisitions

   $ 3,231      $ —        $ 30,952   
                        

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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AMN HEALTHCARE SERVICES, INC.

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

(1) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

(a) General

 

AMN Healthcare Services, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware on November 10, 1997. AMN Healthcare Services, Inc. and its subsidiaries provide comprehensive healthcare staffing and clinical workforce management solutions at acute-care hospitals and other healthcare facilities throughout the United States. AMN Healthcare Services, Inc. and its subsidiaries collectively are herein referred to as “the Company”.

 

(b) Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of AMN Healthcare Services, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. See Note (2), “Business Combinations” for the acquisition completed by the Company during 2010.

 

(c) Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents include currency on hand, deposits with financial institutions and highly liquid investments.

 

(d) Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Restricted cash and cash equivalents primarily represent the cash on deposit with financial institutions which serve as collateral for the Company’s outstanding letters of credit. See Note (3), “Fair Value Measurement” and Note (7), “Notes Payable and Credit Agreement” for additional information.

 

(e) Fixed Assets

 

Furniture, equipment, leasehold improvements and internal-use software are recorded at cost less accumulated amortization and depreciation. Equipment acquired under capital leases is recorded at the present value of the future minimum lease payments. Major additions and improvements are capitalized and maintenance and repairs are expensed when incurred. Depreciation on furniture, equipment and software is calculated using the straight-line method based on the estimated useful lives of the related assets (generally three to five years). Leasehold improvements and equipment obtained under capital leases are amortized over the shorter of the term of the lease or their estimated useful life. Amortization of equipment obtained under capital leases is included with depreciation expense in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

 

Costs incurred to develop internal-use software during the application development stage are capitalized and recorded at cost. Application development stage costs generally include costs associated with internal-use software configuration, coding, installation and testing. Costs of significant upgrades and enhancements that result in additional functionality also are capitalized, whereas costs incurred for maintenance and minor upgrades and enhancements are expensed as incurred. Capitalized costs are amortized using the straight-line method over three to five years once the software is ready for its intended use.

 

The Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment annually and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be

 

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held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the future undiscounted net cash flows that are expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.

 

(f) Goodwill

 

The excess of purchase price and related costs over the fair value of net assets of entities acquired is recorded as goodwill. The Company evaluates goodwill annually for impairment at the reporting unit level and whenever circumstances occur indicating that goodwill may be impaired. The performance of the test involves a two-step process. The first step of the impairment test involves comparing the fair value of the Company’s reporting units with the reporting unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill. The Company generally determines the fair value of its reporting units using a combination of the income approach (using discounted future cash flows) and the market valuation approach. If the carrying amount of the Company’s reporting units exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, the Company performs the second step of the goodwill impairment test to determine the amount of impairment loss. The second step of the goodwill impairment test involves comparing the implied fair value of the Company’s reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill.

 

Due to the economic downturn and its lower market capitalization, the Company performed interim impairment testing at its reporting unit level during the first quarter of 2009 and completed the valuation during the second quarter of 2009. As a result, the Company recognized a pre-tax goodwill impairment charge of $173,007 in 2009. The Company performed the annual impairment test at October 31, 2009 and determined there was no further impairment of goodwill at that time.

 

During the third quarter of 2010, due to the decline in its market capitalization resulting in such market capitalization being below its book equity value, the Company performed interim impairment testing at its reporting unit level as of August 31, 2010, prior to the acquisition of NF Investors, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“NFI”), the parent company of Medfinders, and completed the valuation during the fourth quarter of 2010. As a result, the Company recognized a pre-tax goodwill impairment charge of $41,932 in 2010. See Note (4), “Goodwill and Identifiable Intangible Assets” for additional information. The Company also performed its annual impairment test at October 31, 2010 and determined there was no further impairment of goodwill. However, changes in the Company’s estimates, such as forecasted cash flows, would affect the estimated fair value of its reporting units and could have resulted in a goodwill impairment charge particularly for its allied healthcare staffing and physician permanent placements reporting units. The fair value of the Company’s domestic nurse staffing reporting unit significantly exceeded its respective book value. However, the calculated fair value of the Company’s allied healthcare staffing and physician permanent placements reporting units exceeded their respective carrying value by a much narrower margin.

 

(g) Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of identifiable intangible assets acquired through the acquisitions. Identifiable intangible assets include tradenames and trademarks, customer relationships, noncompete agreements, staffing databases, acquired technology and online courses. Amortizable intangible assets, which do not include tradenames and trademarks with an indefinite life, are amortized using the straight-line method over their useful lives. Noncompete covenants are amortized using the straight-line method over the life of the related agreements. Intangible assets with estimable useful lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.

 

Indefinite lived tradenames and trademarks are not amortized and are instead reviewed for impairment annually. This review includes comparing the fair value of the Company’s indefinite lived intangibles with their carrying amount. If the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, the Company records the excess as an impairment loss. Due to the economic downturn and its lower market capitalization, the Company performed

 

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interim impairment testing at its reporting unit level during the first quarter of 2009 and recorded a pre-tax impairment charge of $2,700 related to an indefinite-lived intangible asset in its nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment as of March 31, 2009. This charge was also included in impairment charges on the consolidated statement of operations for 2009. The Company performed its annual impairment testing at October 31, 2009 and determined there was no further impairment of its indefinite lived tradenames and trademarks. During the third quarter of 2010, due to the decline in its market capitalization resulting in such market capitalization being below its book equity value, the Company performed interim impairment testing at its reporting unit level as of August 31, 2010, prior to the acquisition of NFI, and completed the valuation during the fourth quarter of 2010. As a result, the Company recognized a pre-tax impairment charge of $8,600 and $300 related to certain indefinite-lived intangibles in its locum tenens staffing segment and physician permanent placement services segment, respectively. The Company performed its annual impairment testing at October 31, 2010 and determined there was no further impairment of its indefinite lived tradenames and trademarks.

 

(h) Insurance Reserves

 

The Company maintains an accrual for professional liability self-insured retention limits, which is included in accounts payable and accrued expenses and other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company determines the adequacy of this undiscounted accrual by evaluating its historical experience and trends, loss reserves established by the Company’s insurance carriers, management and third-party administrators, as well as through the use of independent actuarial studies. The Company obtains actuarial studies on a semi-annual basis that use the Company’s actual claims data and industry data to determine the appropriate reserves for incurred, but not reported, professional liability claims for each year.

 

The Company maintains an accrual for workers compensation self-insured retention limits, which is included in accrued compensation and benefits and other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company determines the adequacy of this undiscounted accrual by evaluating its historical experience and trends, loss reserves established by the Company’s insurance carriers and third party administrators, as well as through the use of independent actuarial studies. The Company obtains actuarial studies on a semi-annual basis that use the Company’s payroll and actual claims data, as well as industry data, to determine the appropriate reserve both for reported claims and incurred, but not reported, claims for each policy year. The actuarial study for workers compensation provides the Company with the estimated losses for prior policy years and an estimated percentage of payroll compensation to be accrued for the current year. The Company records its accruals based on the amounts provided in the actuarial study.

 

The Company maintains an accrual for self-insured health benefits provided to the Company’s corporate employees and certain temporary healthcare professionals, which is included in accrued compensation and benefits in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company determines the adequacy of this undiscounted accrual, which includes incurred, but not reported claims, by evaluating its historical experience and trends related to both health insurance claims and payments, information provided by its insurance broker and third party administrator, as well as industry experience and trends.

 

(i) Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue consists of fees earned from the permanent and temporary placement of healthcare professionals and from the delivery of healthcare services to patients in their home. Revenue is recognized when earned and realizable. The Company has entered into certain contracts with healthcare organizations to provide managed services programs. Under these contract arrangements, the Company uses its temporary healthcare professionals along with those of third party subcontractors to fulfill customer orders. If a subcontractor is used, revenue is recorded net of related subcontractor expense. The resulting net revenue represents the administrative fee charged by the Company for its vendor management services. The Company records subcontractor accounts receivable from the customer in the consolidated balance sheet. The subcontractor is paid once the Company has received payment from the customer. Payables to the subcontractors of $19,783 were included in accounts payable and accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2010.

 

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(j) Accounts Receivable

 

The Company records accounts receivable at the invoiced amount and accounts receivable are non-interest bearing. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated credit losses resulting from collection risks, including the inability of customers to make required payments under contractual agreements. The allowance for doubtful accounts is reported as a reduction of accounts receivable in the consolidated balance sheets. The adequacy of this allowance is determined by evaluating historical delinquency and write-off trends, the financial condition and credit risk and history of each customer, historical payment trends as well as current economic conditions and the impact of such conditions on the customers’ liquidity and overall financial condition. The Company also maintains a sales allowance to reserve for potential credits issued to customers. The amount of the reserve is determined based on historical credits issued.

 

(k) Concentration of Credit Risk

 

The majority of the Company’s business activity is with hospitals located throughout the United States. Credit is extended based on the evaluation of each entity’s financial condition, and collateral is generally not required. Credit losses have been within management’s expectations. No single client healthcare system exceeded 10% of revenue for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008. As of December 31, 2010, accounts receivable from the Company’s top five clients represented approximately 14% of the net accounts receivable balance, excluding amounts due to subcontractors.

 

The Company’s cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents accounts are also financial instruments that are exposed to concentration of credit risk. The Company places its cash balances with high-credit quality and federally insured institutions. Cash balances may be invested in a non-federally insured money market account. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, there were $10 and $2,020, respectively, of cash and cash equivalent balances invested in a non-federally insured money market account. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, there were $20,961 and $22,025, respectively, of restricted cash and cash equivalents primarily invested in a non-federally insured U.S. Treasury security account.

 

(l) Advertising Expenses

 

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising expenses were $3,109, $3,583 and $7,984 for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.

 

(m) Income Taxes

 

The Company records income taxes using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the period the changes are enacted. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, the Company considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. The Company considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities (including the impact of available carryback and carryforward periods), projected future taxable income, and tax-planning strategies in making this assessment. The Company recognizes the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgment occurs. The Company records interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax positions in income tax expense.

 

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(n) Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, subcontractor accounts receivable, income tax receivable, restricted cash and cash equivalents, bank overdraft, accounts payable and accrued expenses, accrued compensation and benefits and other current liabilities approximate their respective fair values due to the short-term nature and liquidity of these financial instruments. On September 1, 2010, the Company entered into a new credit agreement. The carrying amount of notes payable (both current and long-term portions), net of discount, approximates fair value as the instrument’s interest rates are comparable to rates currently offered for similar debt instruments of comparable maturity. See Note (7), “Notes Payable and Credit Agreement” for additional information. The fair value of the long-term portion of the Company’s self insurance accruals cannot be estimated as the Company cannot reasonably determine the timing of future payments.

 

(o) Fair Value Measurement

 

On January 1, 2008, the Company adopted the authoritative guidance for fair value measurements of financial assets and financial liabilities and for fair value measurements of nonfinancial items that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis. The guidance defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. It also establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.

 

On January 1, 2009, the Company adopted the authoritative guidance for fair value measurements of nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a nonrecurring basis.

 

See Note (3), “Fair Value Measurement” for additional information.

 

(p) Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for its share-based employee compensation plans by expensing the estimated fair value of share-based awards over the requisite employee service period, which is the vesting period. The measurement of stock-based compensation expense is based on several criteria including, but not limited to, the valuation model used and associated input factors such as expected term of the award, stock price volatility, dividend rate, risk free interest rate, and award forfeiture rate. The input factors to use in the valuation model are based on subjective future expectations combined with management judgment. The Company estimates the fair value of stock options and stock appreciation rights granted using the Black-Scholes valuation model and the assumptions shown in Note 10(b). The Company uses historical data to estimate pre-vesting equity award forfeitures and records stock-based compensation expense only for those awards that are expected to vest. The Company estimates the expected term based on historical exercise patterns, and bases the dividend yield assumption on historical dividend payouts, which are zero. The risk-free interest rate assumption is based on observed interest rates appropriate for the expected term of the Company’s equity awards. After consideration of both its implied volatility and historical volatility, the Company determined its historical volatility to be the most accurate estimate of future volatility due to the fact that the Company has very limited trading in options and has historical volatility data for a period that covers the expected term of the equity award, and therefore utilizes this measure. The excess tax benefits recognized in equity related to equity award exercises are reflected as financing cash inflows.

 

(q) Net Income (loss) per Common Share

 

Basic net income (loss) per common share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted net income per common share reflects the effects of potentially dilutive common stock-based equity instruments.

 

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All of the 4,386 and 3,415 shares of outstanding equity awards as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, were anti-dilutive due to the net loss in 2010 and 2009. Options to purchase 1,809 shares of common stock in 2008 were not included in the calculations of diluted net income per common share because the effect of these instruments was anti-dilutive.

 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively:

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008  

Net income (loss)

   $ (51,991   $ (122,177   $ 34,357   
                        

Net income (loss) per common share—basic

   $ (1.49   $ (3.75   $ 1.03   
                        

Net income (loss) per common share—diluted

   $ (1.49   $ (3.75   $ 1.02   
                        

Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic

     34,840        32,615        33,375   

Plus dilutive equity awards

     —          —          436   
                        

Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted

     34,840        32,615        33,811   
                        

 

(r) Derivative Instruments

 

Derivative instruments are required to be recorded on the balance sheet at fair value. Gains or losses resulting from changes in the values of those derivatives depend upon accounting for whether they qualify for hedge accounting. Historically, the Company had used derivative instruments to manage the fluctuations in cash flows resulting from interest rate risk on variable-rate debt financing. On December 23, 2009, the Company refinanced its then existing debt, and in connection with the payoff of the old term loan debt, the Company settled its outstanding interest rate swaps associated with cash flows under the then existing credit facility for $1,855, which was included in interest expense for 2009.

 

(s) Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

In January 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) updated its disclosure requirements related to fair value measurements. The update requires additional disclosures about (1) the different classes of assets and liabilities measured at fair value, (2) the valuation techniques and inputs used, (3) the activity in Level 3 fair value measurements, and (4) the transfers between Levels 1, 2, and 3. The disclosure about purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements relating to Level 3 measurements is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2010. Early adoption is permitted. All other requirements of the update are effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009. The Company adopted this guidance beginning January 1, 2010, and the adoption did not have a material effect on its consolidated financial condition and results of operations.

 

In March 2010, the FASB updated its guidance on milestone revenue recognition method. This guidance provides that the milestone method is a valid application of the proportional performance model for revenue recognition if the milestones are substantive and there is substantive uncertainty about whether the milestones will be achieved. Determining whether a milestone is substantive requires judgment that should be made at the inception of the arrangement. To meet the definition of a substantive milestone, the consideration earned by achieving the milestone (1) would have to be commensurate with either the level of effort required to achieve the milestone or the enhancement in the value of the item delivered, (2) would have to relate solely to past performance, and (3) should be reasonable relative to all deliverables and payment terms in the arrangement. No bifurcation of an individual milestone is allowed and there can be more than one milestone in an arrangement. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning on or after June 15, 2010. The Company adopted this guidance beginning July 1, 2010, and the adoption did not have a material effect on its consolidated financial condition and results of operations.

 

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(t) Segment Information

 

Historically, the Company has three reportable segments: nurse and allied healthcare staffing, locum tenens staffing and physician permanent placement services. With the acquisition of NFI on September 1, 2010, the Company added the home healthcare services segment. The consolidated statement of operations for 2010 only included the results of operations of NFI since the date of acquisition.

 

The Company’s management relies on internal management reporting processes that provide revenue and segment operating income for making financial decisions and allocating resources. Segment operating income includes income from operations before depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, stock-based compensation expense, impairment and restructuring charges and other unallocated corporate overhead. The Company’s management does not evaluate, manage or measure performance of segments using asset information; accordingly, asset information by segment is not prepared or disclosed.

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of revenue and segment operating income by reportable segment to consolidated results and was derived from the segment’s internal financial information as used for corporate management purposes:

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008  

Revenue

      

Nurse and allied healthcare staffing

   $ 371,147      $ 431,126      $ 843,747   

Locum tenens staffing

     264,726        291,822        321,954   

Physician permanent placement services

     34,039        36,842        51,499   

Home healthcare services

     19,305        —          —     
                        
   $ 689,217      $ 759,790      $ 1,217,200   
                        

Segment Operating Income

      

Nurse and allied healthcare staffing

   $ 35,279      $ 38,076      $ 85,470   

Locum tenens staffing

     21,999        28,814        25,951   

Physician permanent placement services

     7,959        9,819        15,375   

Home healthcare services

     1,590        —          —     
                        
     66,827        76,709        126,796   

Unallocated corporate overhead

     35,145        20,820        31,141   

Depreciation and amortization

     15,084        13,812        14,439   

Stock-based compensation

     8,284        8,709        9,322   

Impairment and restructuring charges

     50,832        186,977        —     

Interest expense, net

     19,771        11,955        10,690   
                        

Income (loss) before income taxes

   $ (62,289   $ (165,564   $ 61,204   
                        

 

(u) Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to asset impairment, accruals for self-insurance and compensation and related benefits, accounts receivable and contingencies and litigation, valuation and recognition of share-based payments and income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

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(v) Reclassifications

 

Certain amounts in the 2009 and 2008 consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2010 presentation.

 

(2) Business Combinations

 

NFI Acquisition

 

On September 1, 2010, the Company acquired all of the outstanding equity of NFI, one of the nation’s leading providers of clinical workforce managed services programs. NFI also provides local (per diem) and travel nurse and allied staffing, locum tenens, physician search services, and home healthcare services. The strategic combination has broadened the managed services capabilities the Company offers as the nation’s largest provider of comprehensive healthcare staffing and clinical workforce management solutions and provided for the Company’s entry into home healthcare services.

 

The acquisition of NFI was accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting and, accordingly, the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded at their estimated fair values as of the date of the acquisition. Fair value measurements have been applied based on assumptions that market participants would use in the pricing of the respective assets and liabilities. As of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company is still finalizing the allocation of the purchase price. The provisional item pending finalization is primarily related to tax related matters upon the completion of NFI’s statutory tax return requirement, which is expected to be completed during 2011. The components of the preliminary purchase price allocation for NFI are as follows:

 

Purchase Price:

  

6,300 shares of common stock issued

   $ 27,909   

5,608 shares of preferred stock issued, net

     28,376   

Cash paid

     3,231   
        

Total purchase price of acquisition

   $ 59,516   
        

Allocation of Purchase Price:

  

Accounts receivable

   $ 31,205   

Accounts receivable, subcontractor

     12,451   

Other current assets

     5,266   

Fixed assets

     6,940   

Other assets

     2,735   

Identifiable intangible assets

     65,044   

Goodwill

     116,240   

NFI then-existing debt assumed

     (132,918

Other liabilities assumed

     (47,447
        

Total net assets acquired

   $ 59,516   
        

 

The acquisition agreement included an initial holdback of approximately 1,727 shares of Series A Conditional Convertible Preferred Stock with fair value of $8,740, which were included in the 5,660 shares of preferred stock issued as part of the initial purchase price. Such shares were deposited in escrow to satisfy any indemnification claims by AMN with respect to breaches of representations, warranties and covenants by NFI and post closing purchase price adjustments. In December 2010, this purchase price adjustment was made, and 52 shares were released from escrow and returned to AMN, and an initial distribution of approximately 221 shares of preferred stock were released to the former NFI stockholders. The remainder of the holdback of 1,454 shares of preferred stock, net of any indemnification claims made, is to be released in September 2012.

 

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In addition to the adjustment noted above, the preliminary purchase price allocation was adjusted during the fourth quarter of 2010 by $2,125, primarily related to changes to identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed.

 

Intangible assets include amounts recognized for the fair value of trade names and trademarks, customer relationships, non-compete agreements and staffing databases. Based on valuation, two trade names and trademarks have an indefinite life, and the remaining intangible assets have a weighted average useful life of approximately 13 years. The following table summarizes the fair value and useful life of each intangible asset acquired:

 

     Fair Value      Useful Life  
            (in years)  

Identifiable intangible assets subject to amortization:

     

Staffing databases

   $ 3,410         5   

Customer relationships

     28,960         0.4 – 16   

Trade names and trademarks

     3,320         3 – 20   

Noncompete agreements

     54         1 – 1.5   
           
     35,744      

Identifiable intangible assets not subject to amortization:

     

Trade names and trademarks

     29,300         indefinite   
           

Total identifiable intangible assets acquired

   $ 65,044      
           

 

Of the total $116,240 of the purchase price allocated to goodwill, $71,353, $31,153, $10,384 and $3,350 were allocated to the Company’s nurse and allied healthcare staffing segment, home healthcare services segment, locum tenens staffing segment and physician permanent placement services segment, respectively. The goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired. Of the $116,240 goodwill acquired, approximately $36,045 in net tax basis goodwill was related to NFI’s prior acquisitions and will be amortized for tax purposes over the remaining lives. Goodwill will not be amortized for book purposes and will be tested for impairment at least annually.

 

The Company recorded $9,412 in acquisition-related costs for accounting, legal and other costs in connection with the acquisition within other operating expenses in its consolidated statement of operations for 2010.

 

For 2010, approximately $84,483 of the NFI revenue and $(1,691) of the NFI loss before income taxes were included in the consolidated statement of operations since the date of acquisition.

 

The following summary presents unaudited pro forma consolidated results of operations for 2010 and 2009 as if the NFI acquisition described above had occurred on January 1, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The following unaudited pro forma financial information gives effect to certain adjustments, including the reduction in compensation expense related to non-recurring executive salary expense and non-recurring professional service fees, acquisition related costs incurred by the Company, the amortization of acquired intangible assets and interest expense on acquisition related debt. The pro forma financial information is not necessarily indicative of the operating results that would have occurred had the acquisition been consummated as of the date indicated, nor are they necessarily indicative of future operating results.

 

     Years Ended
December 31,
 
     2010     2009  
     (unaudited)  

Revenue

   $ 860,629      $ 1,062,456   

Net loss

   $ (50,233   $ (128,643

 

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Platinum Select Staffing Acquisition

 

On February 15, 2008, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of Platinum Select Staffing, a national travel allied staffing firm. In August 2009, the Company made a cash payment of $2,181 to the selling shareholders representing a portion of the holdback of the initial purchase price. In October 2009, the Company made another cash payment of $250 to the selling shareholders. As of December 31, 2010, the Company’s remaining holdback liability in connection with Platinum Select Staffing was $50, which is included in other current liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet.

 

(3) Fair Value Measurement

 

The authoritative guidance defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. It also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1—Observable inputs that reflect quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

 

Level 2—Include other inputs that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace.

 

Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activities.

 

Financial assets and liabilities

 

The Company utilizes the market approach to measure fair value for its financial assets and liabilities. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company held certain assets that are required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. These included the restricted cash and cash equivalents and the Company’s investments associated with the Company’s deferred compensation plan. The Company’s restricted cash and cash equivalents typically consist of cash and U.S. Treasury securities, and the fair value is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets. The Company’s investments associated with its deferred compensation plan typically consist of money market funds and mutual funds that are publicly traded and for which market prices are readily available.

 

Financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:

 

     Fair Value Measurements as of December 31, 2010  
     Total      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

U.S Treasury securities

   $ 20,961       $ 20,961       $ —         $ —     

Trading securities investment

     2,831         2,831         —           —     
                                   

Total financial assets measured at fair value

   $ 23,792       $ 23,792       $ —         $ —     
                                   

 

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     Fair Value Measurements as of December 31, 2009  
     Total      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

U.S Treasury securities

   $ 21,797       $ 21,797       $ —         $ —     

Trading securities investment

     140         140         —           —     
                                   

Total financial assets measured at fair value

   $ 21,937       $ 21,937       $ —         $ —     
                                   

 

Non-financial assets and liabilities

 

The Company applies fair value techniques on a non-recurring basis associated with valuing potential impairment losses related to goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets.

 

The Company evaluates goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets annually for impairment at the reporting unit level and whenever circumstances occur indicating that goodwill might be impaired. The Company determines the fair value of its reporting units based on a combination of inputs including the market capitalization of the Company as well as Level 3 inputs such as discounted cash flows which are not observable from the market, directly or indirectly. As the Company’s market capitalization was lower than its book equity value during the third quarter of 2010, the Company performed interim impairment testing as of August 31, 2010, prior to the acquisition of NFI, and finalized the impairment charges during the fourth quarter of 2010. The Company recorded pre-tax impairment charges of $41,932 and $8,900 on goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2010. During 2009, due to the economic downturn and the Company’s lower market capitalization, the Company performed impairment testing and recorded pre-tax impairment charges of $173,007 and $2,700 on goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2009. The Company determined the fair value of its indefinite-lived intangible assets using the income approach (relief-from-royalty method), based on level 3 inputs. See Note (4), “Goodwill and Identifiable Intangible Assets” for additional information.

 

Non-financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis are summarized below:

 

     Fair Value Measurements as of December 31, 2010         
     Total      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
inputs

(Level 3)
     Total Losses
for Year
Ended
December 31,
2010
 

Goodwill

   $ 154,176       $ —         $ —         $ 154,176       $ 41,932   

Indefinite-lived intangible assets

   $ 97,600       $ —         $ —         $ 97,600       $ 8,900   
                    
               $ 50,832   
                    

 

     Fair Value Measurements as of December 31, 2009         
     Total      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
inputs

(Level 3)
     Total Losses
for Year
Ended
December 31,
2010
 

Goodwill

   $ 79,868       $ —         $ —         $ 79,868       $ 173,007   

Indefinite-lived intangible assets

   $ 77,200       $ —         $ —         $ 77,200       $ 2,700   
                    
               $ 175,707   
                    

 

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(4) Goodwill and Identifiable Intangible Assets

 

As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company had the following acquired intangible assets:

 

     As of December 31, 2010      As of December 31, 2009  
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Carrying
Amount
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Carrying
Amount
 

Intangible assets subject to amortization:

               

Staffing databases

   $ 5,840       $ (2,635   $ 3,205       $ 2,430       $ (1,922   $ 508   

Customer relationships

     65,360         (14,713     50,647         36,400         (10,910     25,490   

Tradenames and trademarks

     16,871         (3,189     13,682         13,551         (2,230     11,321   

Noncompete agreements

     1,484         (1,265     219         1,430         (1,003     427   

Acquired technology

     800         (577     223         800         (418     382   

Online courses

     59         (59     —           59         (51     8   
                                                   
   $ 90,414       $ (22,438   $ 67,976       $ 54,670       $ (16,534   $ 38,136   
                                                   

Intangible assets not subject to amortization:

               

Goodwill

        $ 154,176            $ 79,868   

Tradenames and trademarks

          97,600              77,200   
                           
        $ 251,776            $ 157,068   
                           

 

Aggregate amortization expense for intangible assets was $5,904 and $4,809 for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Based on the current amount of intangibles subject to amortization, the estimated amortization expense as of December 31, 2010 is as follows:

 

     Amount  

Year ending December 31, 2011

   $ 7,190   

Year ending December 31, 2012

     6,777   

Year ending December 31, 2013

     6,461   

Year ending December 31, 2014

     6,361   

Year ending December 31, 2015

     6,122   

Thereafter

     35,065   
        
   $ 67,976   
        

 

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segment for the year ended December 31, 2010 are as follows:

 

     Nurse and Allied
Healthcare Staffing
    Locum Tenens
Staffing
    Physician
Permanent
Placement
Services
    Home
Healthcare
Services
     Total  

Balance, January 1, 2010

   $ 18,543      $ 25,803      $ 35,522      $ —         $ 79,868   

Impairment charges

     (13,656     (21,721     (6,555     —           (41,932

Goodwill acquired from NFI acquisition

     71,353        10,384        3,350        31,153         116,240   
                                         

Balance, December 31, 2010

   $ 76,240      $ 14,466      $ 32,317      $ 31,153       $ 154,176   
                                         

Accumulated impairment loss as of December 31, 2010

   $ 154,444      $ 53,940      $ 6,555      $ —         $ 214,939   
                                         

 

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The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segment for the year ended December 31, 2009 are as follows:

 

     Nurse and Allied
Healthcare Staffing
    Locum Tenens
Staffing
    Physician
Permanent
Placement
Services
     Home
Healthcare
Services
     Total  

Balance, January 1, 2009

   $ 159,331      $ 58,022      $ 35,522       $ —         $ 252,875   

Impairment charges

     (140,788     (32,219     —           —           (173,007
                                          

Balance, December 31, 2009

   $ 18,543      $ 25,803      $ 35,522       $ —         $ 79,868   
                                          

Accumulated impairment loss as of December 31, 2009

   $ 140,788      $ 32,219      $ —         $ —         $ 173,007   
                                          

 

The Company did not incur any impairment loss prior to year 2009.

 

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(5) Balance Sheet Details

 

The consolidated balance sheets detail is as follows as of December 31, 2010 and 2009:

 

     As of December 31,  
     2010     2009  

Fixed assets:

    

Furniture and equipment

   $ 16,805      $ 16,262   

Software

     52,262        43,367   

Leasehold improvements

     5,203        4,821   
                
     74,270        64,450   

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (52,493     (44,480
                

Fixed assets, net

   $ 21,777      $ 19,970   
                

Accounts payable and accrued expenses:

    

Trade and accrued accounts payable

   $ 19,326      $ 13,412   

Subcontractor payable

     19,783        338   

Professional liability reserve

     5,004        2,845   

Other

     1,754        1,462   
                

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

   $ 45,867      $ 18,057   
                

Accrued compensation and benefits:

    

Accrued payroll

   $ 9,552      $ 4,746   

Accrued bonuses

     6,924        4,323   

Accrued health insurance reserve

     1,959        2,208   

Accrued workers compensation reserve

     6,768        3,104   

Deferred compensation

     10,052        6,970   

Other

     2,805        2,703   
                

Accrued compensation and benefits

   $ 38,060      $ 24,054   
                

Other current liabilities:

    

Acquisitions purchase price holdback liability

   $ 50      $ 400   

Facility client deposits

     2,849        2,867   

Restructuring reserve

     646        1,538   

Other

     4,892        5,599   
                

Other current liabilities

   $ 8,437      $ 10,404   
                

Other long-term liabilities:

    

Workers compensation reserve

   $ 11,323      $ 5,825   

Professional liability reserve

     17,641        16,417   

Deferred rent

     8,945        7,812   

Restructuring reserve

     851        1,719   

Uncertain tax positions liability

     21,429        20,011   

Other

     1,386        2,367   
                

Other long-term liabilities

   $ 61,575      $ 54,151   
                

 

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(6) Income Taxes

 

The provision for income taxes for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 consists of the following:

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008  

Current income taxes:

      

Federal

   $ 770      $ 7,145      $ 26,504   

State

     (373     1,258        3,726   

Foreign

     16        (69     (13
                        

Total

     413        8,334        30,217   
                        

Deferred income taxes:

      

Federal

     (7,190     (45,096     (3,397

State

     (3,500     (6,630     (94

Foreign

     (21     5        121   
                        

Total

     (10,711     (51,721     (3,370
                        

Provision (benefit) for income taxes

   $ (10,298   $ (43,387   $ 26,847   
                        

 

The Company’s income tax expense differs from the amount that would have resulted from applying the federal statutory rate of 35% to pretax income (loss) because of the effect of the following items during the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008:

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2010     2009     2008  

Tax expense (benefit) at federal statutory rate

   $ (21,801   $ (57,947   $ 21,421   

State taxes, net of federal benefit

     (3,002     (3,218     2,457   

Uncertain tax positions

     1,207        1,891        2,386   

Non-deductible goodwill and intangibles impairment

     11,703        15,376        —     

Acquisition-related costs

     927        —          —     

Other, net

     668        511        583   
                        

Income tax expense (benefit)

   $ (10,298   $ (43,387   $ 26,847   
                        

 

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The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to significant portions of deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are presented below as of December 31, 2010 and 2009:

 

     Years Ended
December 31,
 
     2010     2009  

Deferred tax assets:

    

Stock compensation

   $ 10,536      $ 9,022   

Deferred revenue

     1,758        1,192   

Allowance for doubtful accounts

     1,641        1,687   

Deferred compensation

     4,056        2,409   

Accrued expenses, net

     20,940        14,359   

Deferred rent

     3,762        3,047   

Net operating losses

     23,618        1,248   

State taxes

     —          667   

Other

     932        1,512   
                

Total deferred tax assets

   $ 67,243      $ 35,143   
                

Deferred tax liabilities:

    

Intangibles

   $ (40,587   $ (21,669

Fixed assets

     (4,863     (4,775

Prepaid expenses

     (686     (954

State taxes

     (694     —     
                

Total deferred tax liabilities

   $ (46,830   $ (27,398
                

Net deferred tax assets

   $ 20,413      $ 7,745   
                

 

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities (including the impact of available carryback and carryforward periods), projected future taxable income, and tax-planning strategies in making this assessment. Taxable income for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 was $16,400 and $64,000, respectively. Significant differences between pre-tax income and taxable income for these years are related to goodwill impairment and other permanent differences as noted in the rate reconciliation. Based upon the level of historical taxable income and projections for future taxable income over the periods in which the deferred tax asset