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EX-12 - EX-12 - CVB FINANCIAL CORPv58799exv12.htm
EX-23 - EX-23 - CVB FINANCIAL CORPv58799exv23.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - CVB FINANCIAL CORPv58799exv32w1.htm
EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - CVB FINANCIAL CORPv58799exv32w2.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - CVB FINANCIAL CORPv58799exv31w2.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - CVB FINANCIAL CORPv58799exv31w1.htm
EX-10.13 - EXHIBIT 10.13 - CVB FINANCIAL CORPv58799exv10w13.htm
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-K
 
     
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
    For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010
or
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
    For the transition period from N/A to N/A
 
Commission file number 1-10140
CVB FINANCIAL CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
California
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  95-3629339
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
701 N. Haven Avenue, Suite 350
Ontario, California
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
  91764
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (909) 980-4030
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, no par value
  NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer þ Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
As of June 30, 2010, the aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $853,779,811.
 
Number of shares of common stock of the registrant outstanding as of February 15, 2011: 106,076,776.
 
     
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE   PART OF
 
Definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders which
will be filed within 120 days of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010
  Part III of Form 10-K
 


 

 
CVB FINANCIAL CORP.
 
2010 ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
                 
PART I
  ITEM 1.     BUSINESS     5  
  ITEM 1A.     RISK FACTORS     20  
  ITEM 1B.     UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS     29  
  ITEM 2.     PROPERTIES     29  
  ITEM 3.     LEGAL PROCEEDINGS     29  
  ITEM 4.     RESERVED     30  
 
PART II
  ITEM 5.     MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES     30  
  ITEM 6.     SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA     32  
  ITEM 7.     MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND THE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS     34  
        GENERAL     34  
        OVERVIEW     34  
        CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES     35  
        ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS     39  
        RESULTS BY SEGMENT OPERATIONS     47  
        ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION     49  
        RISK MANAGEMENT     64  
  ITEM 7A.     QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK     74  
  ITEM 8.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA     75  
  ITEM 9.     CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE     75  
  ITEM 9A.     CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES     75  
  ITEM 9B.     OTHER INFORMATION     77  
 
PART III
  ITEM 10.     DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE     77  
  ITEM 11.     EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION     77  
  ITEM 12.     SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS     78  
  ITEM 13.     CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE     78  
  ITEM 14.     PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES     78  
 
PART IV
  ITEM 15.     EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES     78  
 Exhibit 10.13
 EX-12
 EX-23
 EX-31.1
 EX-31.2
 EX-32.1
 EX-32.2


Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
 
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
Certain statements in this report constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Rule 175 promulgated thereunder, Section 21E of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, Rule 3b-6 promulgated thereunder, or Exchange Act, and as such involve risk and uncertainties. All statements in this Form 10-K other than statements of historical fact are “forward — looking statements” for purposes of federal and state securities laws. These forward-looking statements relate to, among other things, anticipated future operating and financial performance, the allowance for credit losses, our financial position and liquidity, business strategies, regulatory and competitive outlook, investment and expenditure plans, capital and financing needs and availability, plans and objectives of management for future operations, expectations of the environment in which we operate, projections of future performance, perceived opportunities in the market and strategies regarding our mission and vision and statements relating to any of the foregoing.
 
Words such as “will likely result, “aims”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “could”, “estimates”, “expects”, “hopes”, “intends”, “may”, “plans”, “projects”, “seeks”, “should”, “will” and variations of these words and similar expressions that are intended to identify these forward looking statements, which involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ significantly from the results discussed in such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include but are not limited to:
 
  •  Local, regional, national and international economic conditions and events and the impact they may have on us and our customers;
 
  •  Ability to attract deposits and other sources of liquidity;
 
  •  Oversupply of inventory and continued deterioration in values of California real estate, both residential and commercial;
 
  •  A prolonged slowdown in construction activity;
 
  •  Changes in our ability to receive dividends from our subsidiaries;
 
  •  The effect of any goodwill impairment;
 
  •  Accounting adjustments in connection with our acquisition of assets and assumptions of liabilities from San Joaquin Bank;
 
  •  The effect of climate change and attendant regulation on our customers and borrowers
 
  •  Our ability to manage the loan portfolio acquired from San Joaquin Bank within the limits of the loss protection provided by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”);
 
  •  Compliance with our agreements with the FDIC with respect to the loans we acquired from San Joaquin Bank and our loss-sharing arrangements with the FDIC;
 
  •  Our ability to integrate and retain former depositors and borrowers of San Joaquin Bank;
 
  •  Impact of reputational risk on such matters as business generation and retention, funding and liquidity;
 
  •  Changes in the financial performance and/or condition of our borrowers;
 
  •  Changes in the level of non-performing assets and charge-offs;
 
  •  Changes in critical accounting policies and judgments;
 
  •  Effects of acquisitions we may make;
 
  •  The effect of changes in laws and regulations (including laws and regulations concerning taxes, banking, securities, executive compensation and insurance) with which we and our subsidiaries must comply, including, but not limited to, the Dodd-Frank Act of 2010;


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  •  Changes in estimates of future reserve requirements based upon the periodic review thereof under relevant regulatory and accounting requirements;
 
  •  Inflation, interest rate, securities market and monetary fluctuations;
 
  •  Changes in government interest rate policies;
 
  •  Fluctuations of our stock price;
 
  •  Political developments or instability;
 
  •  Acts of war or terrorism, or natural disasters, such as earthquakes, or the effects of pandemic flu;
 
  •  The timely development and acceptance of new banking products and services and perceived overall value of these products and services by users;
 
  •  Changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits;
 
  •  Technological changes;
 
  •  The ability to increase market share and control expenses;
 
  •  Changes in the competitive environment among financial and bank holding companies and other financial service providers;
 
  •  Continued volatility in the credit and equity markets and its effect on the general economy;
 
  •  The effect of changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the regulatory agencies, as well as the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the Financial Accounting Standards Board and other accounting standard setters;
 
  •  Changes in our organization, management, compensation and benefit plans;
 
  •  The costs and effects of legal and regulatory developments including the resolution of legal proceedings or regulatory or other governmental inquiries including, but not limited to, the current investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the related class-action lawsuits filed against us, and the results of regulatory examinations or review ; and
 
  •  Our success at managing the risks involved in the foregoing items.
 
For additional information concerning risks we face, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and any additional information we set forth in our periodic reports filed pursuant to the Exchange Act, including this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We do not undertake any obligation to update our forward-looking statements to reflect occurrences or unanticipated events or circumstances arising after the date of such statements except as required by law.


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PART I
 
ITEM 1.   BUSINESS
 
CVB Financial Corp.
 
CVB Financial Corp. (referred to herein on an unconsolidated basis as “CVB” and on a consolidated basis as “we” or the “Company”) is a bank holding company incorporated in California on April 27, 1981 and registered under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the “Bank Holding Company Act”). The Company commenced business on December 30, 1981 when, pursuant to reorganization, it acquired all of the voting stock of Chino Valley Bank. On March 29, 1996, Chino Valley Bank changed its name to Citizens Business Bank (the “Bank”). The Bank is our principal asset. The Company has three other inactive subsidiaries: CVB Ventures, Inc.; Chino Valley Bancorp; and ONB Bancorp. The Company is also the common stockholder of CVB Statutory Trust I, CVB Statutory Trust II, CVB Statutory Trust III, and FCB Trust II. CVB Statutory Trusts I and II were created in December 2003 and CVB Statutory Trust III was created in January 2006 to issue trust preferred securities in order to raise capital for the Company. The Company acquired FCB Trust II (which was also created to raise capital) through the acquisition of First Coastal Bancshares (“FCB”) in June 2007.
 
CVB’s principal business is to serve as a holding company for the Bank and for other banking or banking related subsidiaries, which the Company may establish or acquire. We have not engaged in any other material activities to date. As a legal entity separate and distinct from its subsidiaries, CVB’s principal source of funds is, and will continue to be, dividends paid by and other funds advanced from the Bank and capital raised directly by CVB. Legal limitations are imposed on the amount of dividends that may be paid and loans that may be made by the Bank to CVB. See “Item 1. Business — Regulation and Supervision — Dividends.” At December 31, 2010, the Company had $6.44 billion in total consolidated assets, $3.64 billion in net loans, $4.52 billion in deposits, $542.2 million in customer repurchase agreements and $553.4 million in borrowings.
 
On October 16, 2009, we acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed substantially all of the liabilities of San Joaquin Bank (“SJB”) headquartered in Bakersfield, California, in an FDIC-assisted transaction. We acquired all five branches of SJB, one of which we consolidated with our existing Bakersfield business financial center. Through this acquisition, we acquired $489.1 million in loans, $25.3 million in investment securities, $530.0 million in deposits, and $121.4 million in borrowings. The foregoing amounts were reflected at fair value as of the acquisition date.
 
The principal executive offices of CVB and the Bank are located at 701 North Haven Avenue, Suite 350, Ontario, California. Our phone number is (909) 980-4030.
 
Citizens Business Bank
 
The Bank commenced operations as a California state-chartered bank on August 9, 1974. The Bank’s deposit accounts are insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act up to applicable limits. The Bank is not a member of the Federal Reserve System. At December 31, 2010, the Bank had $6.4 billion in assets, $3.6 billion in net loans, $4.5 billion in deposits, $542.2 million in customer repurchase agreements and $553.4 million in borrowings.
 
As of December 31, 2010, we had 43 Business Financial Centers located in the Inland Empire, Los Angeles County, Orange County and the Central Valley areas of California. Of the 43 Business Financial Centers, we opened 13 as de novo branches and acquired the other 30 in acquisition transactions.
 
We also had five Commercial Banking Centers, of which four were opened in 2008 and one was opened in 2009. No offices were opened in 2010. Although able to take deposits, these centers operate primarily as sales offices and focus on business clients and their principals, professionals, and high net-worth individuals. These centers are located in Encino (in the San Fernando Valley), Los Angeles, Torrance and Burbank. The fifth one, the Inland Empire Commercial Banking Center, is located adjacent to the Ontario Airport Business Financial Center. We also have three trust offices in Ontario, Pasadena and Orange County. These offices serve as sales offices for wealth management, trust and investment products.


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Through our network of banking offices, we emphasize personalized service combined with a full range of banking and trust services for businesses, professionals and individuals located in the service areas of our offices. Although we focus the marketing of our services to small-and medium-sized businesses, a full range of retail banking services are made available to the local consumer market.
 
We offer a wide range of deposit instruments. These include checking, savings, money market and time certificates of deposit for both business and personal accounts. We also serve as a federal tax depository for our business customers.
 
We provide a full complement of lending products, including commercial, agribusiness, consumer, real estate loans and equipment and vehicle leasing. Commercial products include lines of credit and other working capital financing, accounts receivable lending and letters of credit. Agribusiness products are loans to finance the operating needs of wholesale dairy farm operations, cattle feeders, livestock raisers, and farmers. We provide lease financing for municipal governments. Financing products for consumers include automobile leasing and financing, lines of credit, and home improvement and home equity lines of credit. Real estate loans include mortgage and construction loans.
 
We also offer a wide range of specialized services designed for the needs of our commercial accounts. These services include cash management systems for monitoring cash flow, a credit card program for merchants, courier pick-up and delivery, payroll services, remote deposit capture, electronic funds transfers by way of domestic and international wires and automated clearinghouse, and on-line account access. We make available investment products to customers, including mutual funds, a full array of fixed income vehicles and a program to diversify our customers’ funds in federally insured time certificates of deposit of other institutions.
 
We offer a wide range of financial services and trust services through CitizensTrust. These services include fiduciary services, mutual funds, annuities, 401K plans and individual investment accounts.
 
Business Segments
 
We are a community bank with two reportable operating segments: (i) Business Financial and Commercial Banking Centers (“Centers”) and (ii) our Treasury Department. Our Centers are the focal points for customer sales and services. As such, these Centers comprise the biggest segment of the Company. Our other reportable segment, Treasury Department manages all of the investments for the Company. All administrative and other smaller operating departments are combined into the “Other” category for reporting purposes. See the sections captioned “Results by Segment Operations” in Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Note 21 — Business Segments in the notes to consolidated financial statements.
 
Competition
 
The banking and financial services business is highly competitive. The increasingly competitive environment faced by banks is a result primarily of changes in laws and regulations, changes in technology and product delivery systems, and the accelerating pace of consolidation among financial services providers. We compete for loans, deposits, and customers with other commercial banks, savings and loan associations, savings banks, securities and brokerage companies, mortgage companies, insurance companies, finance companies, money market funds, credit unions, and other nonbank financial service providers. Many competitors are much larger in total assets and capitalization, have greater access to capital markets, including foreign-ownership, and/or offer a broader range of financial services.
 
Regulation and Supervision
 
General
 
Our profitability, like most financial institutions, is primarily dependent on interest rate differentials. In general, the difference between the interest rates paid by the Bank on interest-bearing liabilities, such as deposits and other borrowings, and the interest rates received by the Bank on interest-earning assets, such as loans extended to customers and securities held in the investment portfolio, will comprise the major portion of our earnings. These rates are highly sensitive to many factors that are beyond our control, such as inflation, recession and


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unemployment, and the impact which future changes in domestic and foreign economic conditions might have on us cannot be predicted.
 
Our business is also influenced by the monetary and fiscal policies of the federal government and the policies of regulatory agencies, particularly the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “FRB”). The FRB implements national monetary policies (with objectives such as curbing inflation and combating recession) through its open-market operations in U.S. Government securities by adjusting the required level of reserves for depository institutions subject to its reserve requirements, and by varying the target federal funds and discount rates applicable to borrowings by depository institutions. The actions of the FRB in these areas influence the growth of bank loans, investments, and deposits and also affect interest earned on interest-earning assets and paid on interest-bearing liabilities. The nature and impact of any future changes in monetary and fiscal policies on us cannot be predicted.
 
The Company and the Bank are subject to significant regulation and restrictions by federal and state laws and regulatory agencies. These regulations and restrictions are intended primarily for the protection of depositors and the deposit insurance fund, and secondarily for the stability of the U.S. banking system. They are not intended for the benefit of shareholders of financial institutions. The following discussion of statutes and regulations is a summary and does not purport to be complete nor does it address all applicable statutes and regulations. This discussion is qualified in its entirety by reference to the statutes and regulations referred to in this discussion. From time to time, federal and state legislation is enacted which may have the effect of materially increasing the cost of doing business, limiting or expanding permissible activities, or affecting the competitive balance between banks and other financial services providers.
 
From December 2007 through June 2009, the U.S. economy was in recession. Business activity across a wide range of industries and regions in the U.S. was greatly reduced. Although economic conditions have improved, certain sectors, such as real estate, remain weak and unemployment remains high. Local governments and many businesses are still in serious difficulty due to reduced consumer spending and continued liquidity challenges in the credit markets. In response to this economic downturn and financial industry instability, legislative and regulatory initiatives were, and are expected to continue to be, introduced and implemented, which substantially intensify the regulation of the financial services industry.
 
We cannot predict whether or when potential legislation or new regulations will be enacted, and if enacted, the effect that new legislation or any implemented regulations and supervisory policies would have on our financial condition and results of operations. Such developments may further alter the structure, regulation, and competitive relationship among financial institutions, and may subject us to increased regulation, disclosure, and reporting requirements. Moreover, the bank regulatory agencies have been very aggressive in the current economic environment in responding to concerns and trends identified in examinations, and this has resulted in the increased issuance of enforcement actions to financial institutions requiring action to address credit quality, liquidity and risk management and capital adequacy, as well as other safety and soundness concerns.
 
Recent Developments — Government Policies, Legislation, and Regulation
 
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
 
The landmark Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act financial reform legislation (“Dodd-Frank”), which became law on July 21, 2010, significantly revised and expanded the rulemaking, supervisory and enforcement authority of federal bank regulators. Dodd-Frank followed other legislative and regulatory initiatives in 2008 and 2009 in response to the economic downturn and financial industry instability. Dodd-Frank impacts many aspects of the financial industry and, in many cases, will impact larger and smaller financial institutions and community banks differently over time. Dodd-Frank includes, among other things, the following:
 
(i) the creation of a Financial Services Oversight Counsel to identify emerging systemic risks and improve interagency cooperation;
 
(ii) expanded FDIC resolution authority to conduct the orderly liquidation of certain systemically significant non-bank financial companies in addition to depository institutions;


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(iii) the establishment of strengthened capital and liquidity requirements for banks and bank holding companies, including minimum leverage and risk-based capital requirements no less than the strictest requirements in effect for depository institutions as of the date of enactment;
 
(iv) the requirement by statute that bank holding companies serve as a source of financial strength for their depository institution subsidiaries;
 
(v) enhanced regulation of financial markets, including the derivative and securitization markets, and the elimination of certain proprietary trading activities by banks;
 
(vi) the termination of investments by the U.S. Treasury under TARP;
 
(vii) the elimination and phase out of trust preferred securities (TRUPS) from Tier 1 capital with certain exceptions;
 
(viii) a permanent increase of the previously implemented temporary increase of FDIC deposit insurance to $250,000 and an extension of federal deposit coverage until January 1, 2013 for the full net amount held by depositors in non-interesting bearing transaction accounts;
 
(ix) authorization for financial institutions to pay interest on business checking accounts;
 
(x) changes in the calculation of FDIC deposit insurance assessments, such that the assessment base will no longer be the institution’s deposit base, but instead, will be its average consolidated total assets less its average tangible equity;
 
(xi) the elimination of remaining barriers to de novo interstate branching by banks;
 
(xii) expanded restrictions on transactions with affiliates and insiders under Section 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and lending limits for derivative transactions, repurchase agreements and securities lending and borrowing transactions;
 
(xiii) the transfer of oversight of federally chartered thrift institutions to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and state chartered savings banks to the FDIC, and the elimination of the Office of Thrift Supervision;
 
(xiv) provisions that affect corporate governance and executive compensation at most United States publicly traded companies, including financial institutions, including (1) stockholder advisory votes on executive compensation, (2) executive compensation “clawback” requirements for companies listed on national securities exchanges in the event of materially inaccurate statements of earnings, revenues, gains or other criteria, (3) enhanced independence requirements for compensation committee members, and (4) authority for the SEC to adopt proxy access rules which would permit stockholders of publicly traded companies to nominate candidates for election as director and have those nominees included in a company’s proxy statement; and
 
(xv) the creation of a Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which is authorized to promulgate consumer protection regulations relating to bank and non-bank financial products and examine and enforce these regulations on banks with more than $10 billion in assets.
 
We cannot predict the extent to which the interpretations and implementation of this wide-ranging federal legislation by regulations and in supervisory policies and practices may affect us. Many of the requirements of Dodd-Frank will be implemented over time and most will be subject to regulations to be implemented or which will not become fully effective for several years. There can be no assurance that these or future reforms (such as possible new standards for commercial real estate lending (“CRE”) or new stress testing guidance for all banks) arising out of these regulations and studies and reports required by Dodd-Frank will not significantly increase our compliance or other operating costs and earnings or otherwise have a significant impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Dodd-Frank will likely result in more stringent capital, liquidity and leverage requirements on us and may otherwise adversely affect our business. For example, the provisions that affect the payment of interest on demand deposits and interchange fees are likely to increase the costs associated with deposits as well as place limitations on certain revenues those deposits may generate. Provisions that revoke the Tier 1 capital treatment of


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trust preferred securities and otherwise require revisions to the capital requirements of the Company and the Bank could require the Company and the Bank to seek other sources of capital in the future. As a result of the changes required by Dodd-Frank, the profitability of our business activities may be impacted and we may be required to make changes to certain of our business practices. These changes may also require us to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make any changes necessary to comply with new statutory and regulatory requirements.
 
Some of the regulations required by various sections of Dodd-Frank have been proposed and some adopted in final, including the following notices of proposed rulemakings (“NPRs”) and/or interim or final rules for the following sections of Dodd-Frank:
 
  •  Risk Based Capital Guidelines — Market Risk (Section 171) — NPR
 
  •  Orderly Liquidation (Section 209) — Initial Final Rule
 
  •  Implement Changes to DIF Assessment Base (Section 331) — Final Rule
 
  •  Designated Reserve Ratio and Restoration Plan for the Deposit Insurance Fund (Sections 332 and 334) — Final Rule
 
  •  $250,000 Deposit Insurance Coverage Limit (Section 335) — Final Rule
 
  •  Unlimited coverage for Non-Interest Bearing Deposits (Section 343) — Final Rule.
 
Bank Holding Company Regulation
 
CVB is a bank holding company within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act (“BHCA”) and is registered as such with the Federal Reserve Board (“Federal Reserve”). It is also subject to supervision and examination by the Federal Reserve and its authority to:
 
  •  Require periodic reports and such additional information as the Federal Reserve may require;
 
  •  Require bank holding companies to maintain increased levels of capital (See “Capital Adequacy Requirements” below);
 
  •  Require that bank holding companies serve as a source of financial and managerial strength to subsidiary banks and commit resources as necessary to support each subsidiary bank;
 
  •  Restrict the ability of bank holding companies to obtain dividends on other distributions from their subsidiary banks;
 
  •  Terminate an activity or terminate control of or liquidate or divest certain subsidiaries, affiliates or investments if the Federal Reserve believes the activity or the control of the subsidiary or affiliate constitutes a significant risk to the financial safety, soundness or stability of any bank subsidiary;
 
  •  Require the prior approval of senior executive officer or director changes and prohibit golden parachute payments, including change in control agreements, or new employment agreements with such payment terms, which are contingent upon termination;
 
  •  Regulate provisions of certain bank holding company debt, including the authority to impose interest ceilings and reserve requirements on such debt and require prior approval to purchase or redeem securities in certain situations;
 
  •  Approve acquisitions and mergers with banks and consider certain competitive, management, financial or other factors in granting these approvals in addition to similar California or other state banking agency approvals which may also be required.
 
The Federal Reserve’s view is that in serving as a source of strength to its subsidiary banks, a bank holding company should stand ready to use available resources to provide adequate capital funds to its subsidiary banks during periods of financial stress or adversity and should maintain financial flexibility and capital-raising capacity to obtain additional resources for assisting its subsidiary banks. A bank holding company’s failure to meet its


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source-of-strength obligations may constitute an unsafe and unsound practice or a violation of the Federal Reserve Board’s regulations, or both. The source-of-strength doctrine most directly affects bank holding companies where a bank holding company’s subsidiary bank fails to maintain adequate capital levels. In such a situation, the subsidiary bank will be required by the bank’s federal regulator to take “prompt corrective action.” See “Prompt Corrective Action Provisions” below.
 
Restrictions on Activities
 
Subject to prior notice or Federal Reserve approval, bank holding companies may generally engage in, or acquire shares of companies engaged in, activities determined by the Federal Reserve to be so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. Bank holding companies which elect and retain “financial holding company” status pursuant to the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (“GLBA”) may engage in these nonbanking activities and broader securities, insurance, merchant banking and other activities that are determined to be “financial in nature” or are incidental or complementary to activities that are financial in nature without prior Federal Reserve approval. Pursuant to GLBA and Dodd-Frank, in order to elect and retain financial holding company status, a bank holding company and all depository institution subsidiaries of a bank holding company must be well capitalized and well managed, and, except in limited circumstances, depository subsidiaries must be in satisfactory compliance with the Community Reinvestment Act (“CRA”), which requires banks to help meet the credit needs of the communities in which they operate. Failure to sustain compliance with these requirements or correct any non-compliance within a fixed time period could lead to divestiture of subsidiary banks or require all activities to conform to those permissible for a bank holding company. CVB has not elected financial holding company status and neither CVB nor the Bank has engaged in any activities determined by the Federal Reserve to be financial in nature or incidental or complementary to activities that are financial in nature.
 
CVB is also a bank holding company within the meaning of Section 3700 of the California Financial Code. Therefore, CVB and any of its subsidiaries are subject to examination by, and may be required to file reports with, the California Department of Financial Institutions (“DFI”).
 
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
CVB’s common stock is publicly held and listed on the NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”), and CVB is subject to the periodic reporting, information, proxy solicitation, insider trading, corporate governance and other requirements and restrictions of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission promulgated thereunder as well as listing requirements of NASDAQ.
 
Sarbanes-Oxley Act
 
The Company is subject to the accounting oversight and corporate governance requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, including, among other things, required executive certification of financial presentations, requirements for board audit committees and their members, and disclosure of controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting.
 
Bank Regulation
 
As a California commercial bank whose deposits are insured by the FDIC, the Bank is subject to regulation, supervision, and regular examination by the DFI and by the FDIC, as the Bank’s primary Federal regulator, and must additionally comply with certain applicable regulations of the Federal Reserve. Specific federal and state laws and regulations which are applicable to banks regulate, among other things, the scope of their business, their investments, their reserves against deposits, the timing of the availability of deposited funds, their activities relating to dividends, investments, loans, the nature and amount of and collateral for certain loans, borrowings, capital requirements, certain check-clearing activities, branching, and mergers and acquisitions. California banks are also subject to statutes and regulations including Federal Reserve Regulation O and Federal Reserve Act Sections 23A and 23B and Regulation W, which restrict or limit loans or extensions of credit to “insiders”, including officers directors and principal shareholders, and loans or extension of credit by banks to affiliates or purchases of assets from affiliates, including parent bank holding companies, except pursuant to certain exceptions and terms and


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conditions at least as favorable to those prevailing for comparable transactions with unaffiliated parties. Dodd-Frank expanded definitions and restrictions on transactions with affiliates and insiders under Section 23A and 23B and also lending limits for derivative transactions, repurchase agreements and securities lending and borrowing transactions
 
Pursuant to the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (“FDI Act”) and the California Financial Code, California state chartered commercial banks may generally engage in any activity permissible for national banks. Therefore, the Bank may form subsidiaries to engage in the many so-called “closely related to banking” or “nonbanking” activities commonly conducted by national banks in operating subsidiaries or subsidiaries of bank holding companies. Further, pursuant to GLBA, California banks may conduct certain “financial” activities in a subsidiary to the same extent as may a national bank, provided the bank is and remains “well-capitalized,” “well-managed” and in satisfactory compliance with the CRA. The Bank currently has no financial subsidiaries.
 
Enforcement Authority
 
The federal and California regulatory structure gives the bank regulatory agencies extensive discretion in connection with their supervisory and enforcement activities and examination policies, including policies with respect to the classification of assets and the establishment of adequate loan loss reserves for regulatory purposes. The regulatory agencies have adopted guidelines to assist in identifying and addressing potential safety and soundness concerns before an institution’s capital becomes impaired. The guidelines establish operational and managerial standards generally relating to: (1) internal controls, information systems, and internal audit systems; (2) loan documentation; (3) credit underwriting; (4) interest-rate exposure; (5) asset growth and asset quality; and (6) compensation, fees, and benefits. Further, the regulatory agencies have adopted safety and soundness guidelines for asset quality and for evaluating and monitoring earnings to ensure that earnings are sufficient for the maintenance of adequate capital and reserves. If, as a result of an examination, the DFI or the FDIC should determine that the financial condition, capital resources, asset quality, earnings prospects, management, liquidity, or other aspects of the Bank’s operations are unsatisfactory or that the Bank or its management is violating or has violated any law or regulation, the DFI and the FDIC, and separately the FDIC as insurer of the Bank’s deposits, have residual authority to:
 
  •  Require affirmative action to correct any conditions resulting from any violation or practice;
 
  •  Direct an increase in capital and the maintenance of higher specific minimum capital ratios, which may preclude the Bank from being deemed well capitalized and restrict its ability to accept certain brokered deposits;
 
  •  Restrict the Bank’s growth geographically, by products and services, or by mergers and acquisitions, including bidding in FDIC receiverships for failed banks;
 
  •  Enter into or issue informal or formal enforcement actions, including required Board resolutions, memoranda of understanding, written agreements and consent or cease and desist orders or prompt corrective action orders to take corrective action and cease unsafe and unsound practices;
 
  •  Require prior approval of senior executive officer or director changes; remove officers and directors and assess civil monetary penalties; and
 
  •  Take possession of and close and liquidate the Bank or appoint the FDIC as receiver.
 
Deposit Insurance
 
The FDIC is an independent federal agency that insures deposits, up to prescribed statutory limits, of federally insured banks and savings institutions and safeguards the safety and soundness of the banking and savings industries. The FDIC insures our customer deposits through the Deposit Insurance Fund (the “DIF”) up to prescribed limits for each depositor. Pursuant to Dodd-Frank, the maximum deposit insurance amount has been permanently increased to $250,000 and all non-interest-bearing transaction accounts are insured through December 31, 2012. The amount of FDIC assessments paid by each DIF member institution is based on its relative risk of default as measured by regulatory capital ratios and other supervisory factors. Due to the greatly


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increased number of bank failures and losses incurred by DIF, as well as the recent extraordinary programs in which the FDIC has been involved to support the banking industry generally, the FDIC’s DIF was substantially depleted and the FDIC has incurred substantially increased operating costs. In November, 2009, the FDIC adopted a requirement for institutions to prepay in 2009 their estimated quarterly risk-based assessments for the fourth quarter of 2009 and for all of 2010, 2011, and 2012. The Bank prepaid its assessments based on the calculations of the projected assessments at that time.
 
As required by Dodd-Frank, the FDIC adopted a new DIF restoration plan which became effective on January 1, 2011. Among other things, the plan: (1) raises the minimum designated reserve ratio, which the FDIC is required to set each year, to 1.35 percent (from the former minimum of 1.15 percent) and removes the upper limit on the designated reserve ratio (which was formerly capped at 1.5 percent) and consequently on the size of the fund; (2) requires that the fund reserve ratio reach 1.35 percent by 2020; (3) eliminates the requirement that the FDIC provide dividends from the fund when the reserve ratio is between 1.35 percent and 1.5 percent; and (4) continues the FDIC’s authority to declare dividends when the reserve ratio at the end of a calendar year is at least 1.5 percent, but grants the FDIC sole discretion in determining whether to suspend or limit the declaration or payment of dividends. The FDI Act continues to require that the FDIC’s Board of Directors consider the appropriate level for the designated reserve ratio annually and, if changing the designated reserve ratio, engage in notice-and-comment rulemaking before the beginning of the calendar year. The FDIC has set a long-term goal of getting its reserve ratio up to 2% of insured deposits by 2027. In connection with these changes, we expect our FDIC deposit insurance premiums to increase.
 
On February 7, 2011, the FDIC approved a final rule, as mandated by Dodd-Frank, changing the deposit insurance assessment system from one that is based on total domestic deposits to one that is based on average consolidated total assets minus average tangible equity In addition, the final rule creates a scorecard-based assessment system for larger banks (those with more than $10 billion in assets) and suspends dividend payments if the DIF reserve ratio exceeds 1.5 percent, but provides for decreasing assessment rates when the DIF reserve ratio reaches certain thresholds. Larger insured depository institutions will likely pay higher assessments to the DIF than under the old system. Additionally, the final rule includes a new adjustment for depository institution debt whereby an institution would pay an additional premium equal to 50 basis points on every dollar of long-term, unsecured debt held as an asset that was issued by another insured depository institution (excluding debt guaranteed under the TLGP). to the extent that all such debt exceeds 3 percent of the other insured depository institution’s Tier 1 capital. The new rule is expected to take effect for the quarter beginning April 1, 2011.
 
Our FDIC insurance expense totaled $8.4 million for 2010. FDIC insurance expense includes deposit insurance assessments and Financing Corporation (“FICO”) assessments related to outstanding FICO bonds to fund interest payments on bonds to recapitalize the predecessor to the DIF. These assessments will continue until the FICO bonds mature in 2017. The FICO assessment rates, which are determined quarterly, was 0.01060% of insured deposits for the first quarter of fiscal 2010 and 0.01040% of insured deposits for each of the last three quarters of fiscal 2010.
 
We are generally unable to control the amount of premiums that we are required to pay for FDIC insurance. If there are additional bank or financial institution failures or if the FDIC otherwise determines, we may be required to pay even higher FDIC premiums than the recently increased levels. These announced increases and any future increases in FDIC insurance premiums may have a material and adverse affect on our earnings and could have a material adverse effect on the value of, or market for, our common stock.
 
The FDIC may terminate a depository institution’s deposit insurance upon a finding that the institution’s financial condition is unsafe or unsound or that the institution has engaged in unsafe or unsound practices that pose a risk to the DIF or that may prejudice the interest of the bank’s depositors. The termination of deposit insurance for a bank would also result in the revocation of the bank’s charter by the DFI.
 
Capital Adequacy Requirements
 
Bank holding companies and banks are subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by state and federal banking agencies. Increased capital requirements are expected as a result of expanded authority set forth in Dodd-Frank and the Basel III international supervisory developments discussed above. Capital adequacy


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guidelines and, additionally for banks, prompt corrective action regulations involve quantitative measures of assets, liabilities, and certain off-balance sheet items calculated under regulatory accounting practices. Capital amounts and classifications are also subject to qualitative judgments by regulators about components, risk weighting, and other factors. At December 31, 2010, the Company’s and the Bank’s capital ratios exceeded the minimum capital adequacy guideline percentage requirements of the federal banking agencies for “well capitalized” institutions. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Capital Resources.”
 
The current risk-based capital guidelines for bank holding companies and banks adopted by the federal banking agencies are expected to provide a measure of capital that reflects the degree of risk associated with a banking organization’s operations for both transactions reported on the balance sheet as assets, such as loans, and those recorded as off-balance sheet items, such as commitments, letters of credit and recourse arrangements. The risk-based capital ratio is determined by classifying assets and certain off-balance sheet financial instruments into weighted categories, with higher levels of capital being required for those categories perceived as representing greater risks and dividing its qualifying capital by its total risk-adjusted assets and off-balance sheet items. Bank holding companies and banks engaged in significant trading activity may also be subject to the market risk capital guidelines and be required to incorporate additional market and interest rate risk components into their risk-based capital standards.
 
Qualifying capital is classified depending on the type of capital:
 
  •  “Tier 1 capital” currently includes common equity and trust preferred securities, subject to certain criteria and quantitative limits. The capital received from trust preferred offerings also qualifies as Tier 1 capital, subject to the new provisions of Dodd-Frank. Under Dodd-Frank, depository institution holding companies with more than $15 billion in total consolidated assets as of December 31, 2009, will no longer be able to include trust preferred securities as Tier 1 regulatory capital after the end of a 3-year phase-out period beginning 2013, and would need to replace any outstanding trust preferred securities issued prior to May 19, 2010 with qualifying Tier 1 regulatory capital during the phase-out period. For institutions with less than $15 billion in total consolidated assets, existing trust preferred capital will still qualify as Tier 1. Small bank holding companies with less than $500 million in assets could issue new trust preferred which could still qualify as Tier 1, however the market for any new trust preferred capital raises is uncertain.
 
  •  “Tier 2 capital” includes hybrid capital instruments, other qualifying debt instruments, a limited amount of the allowance for loan and lease losses, and a limited amount of unrealized holding gains on equity securities. Following the phase-out period under Dodd-Frank, trust preferred securities will be treated as Tier 2 capital.
 
  •  “Tier 3 capital” consists of qualifying unsecured debt. The sum of Tier 2 and Tier 3 capital may not exceed the amount of Tier I capital.
 
Under the current capital guidelines, there are three fundamental capital ratios: a total risk-based capital ratio, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio and a Tier 1 leverage ratio. To be deemed “well capitalized” a bank must have a total risk-based capital ratio, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio and a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least ten percent, six percent and five percent, respectively. There is currently no Tier 1 leverage requirement for a holding company to be deemed well-capitalized. At December 31, 2010, the respective capital ratios of the Company and the Bank exceeded the minimum percentage requirements to be deemed “well-capitalized”. As of December 31, 2010, the Bank’s total risk-based capital ratio was 17.82% and its Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio was 16.55%. As of December 31, 2010, the Company’s total risk-based capital ratio was 18.00% and its Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio was 16.61%. The federal banking agencies may change existing capital guidelines or adopt new capital guidelines in the future and have required many banks and bank holding companies subject to enforcement actions to maintain capital ratios in excess of the minimum ratios otherwise required to be deemed well capitalized, in which case institutions may no longer be deemed well capitalized and may therefore be subject to restrictions on taking brokered deposits.
 
The Company and the Bank are also required to maintain a leverage capital ratio designed to supplement the risk-based capital guidelines. Banks and bank holding companies that have received the highest rating of the five categories used by regulators to rate banks and that are not anticipating or experiencing any significant growth must


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maintain a ratio of Tier 1 capital (net of all intangibles) to adjusted total assets of at least 3%. All other institutions are required to maintain a leverage ratio of at least 100 to 200 basis points above the 3% minimum, for a minimum of 4% to 5%. Pursuant to federal regulations, banks must maintain capital levels commensurate with the level of risk to which they are exposed, including the volume and severity of problem loans. Federal regulators may, however, set higher capital requirements when a bank’s particular circumstances warrant. As of December 31, 2010, the Bank’s leverage capital ratio was 10.54%, and the Company’s leverage capital ratio was 10.58%, both ratios exceeding regulatory minimums.
 
Federal Banking Agency Compensation Guidelines
 
Guidelines adopted by the federal banking agencies pursuant to the FDI Act prohibit excessive compensation as an unsafe and unsound practice and describe compensation as excessive when the amounts paid are unreasonable or disproportionate to the services performed by an executive officer, employee, director or principal stockholder. In June 2010, the federal bank regulatory agencies jointly issued additional comprehensive guidance on incentive compensation policies (the “Incentive Compensation Guidance”) intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of banking organizations do not undermine the safety and soundness of such organizations by encouraging excessive risk-taking. The Incentive Compensation Guidance, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of an organization, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a banking organization’s incentive compensation arrangements should (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the organization’s ability to effectively identify and manage risks, (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management, and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the organization’s board of directors. Any deficiencies in compensation practices that are identified may be incorporated into the organization’s supervisory ratings, which can affect its ability to make acquisitions or perform other actions. The Incentive Compensation Guidance provides that enforcement actions may be taken against a banking organization if its incentive compensation arrangements or related risk-management control or governance processes pose a risk to the organization’s safety and soundness and the organization is not taking prompt and effective measures to correct the deficiencies.
 
On February 7, 2011, the Board of Directors of the FDIC approved a joint proposed rulemaking to implement Section 956 of Dodd-Frank for banks with $1 billion or more in assets. Section 956 prohibits incentive-based compensation arrangements that encourage inappropriate risk taking by covered financial institutions and are deemed to be excessive, or that may lead to material losses. The proposed rule would move the U.S. closer to aspects of international compensation standards by 1) requiring deferral of a substantial portion of incentive compensation for executive officers of particularly large institutions described above; 2) prohibiting incentive-based compensation arrangements for covered persons that would encourage inappropriate risks by providing excessive compensation; 3) prohibiting incentive-based compensation arrangements for covered persons that would expose the institution to inappropriate risks by providing compensation that could lead to a material financial loss; 4) requiring policies and procedures for incentive-based compensation arrangements that are commensurate with the size and complexity of the institution; and 5) requiring annual reports on incentive compensation structures to the institution’s appropriate Federal regulator. A joint rule making proposal will be published for comment by all of the banking agencies and the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), among other agencies.
 
The scope, content and application of the U.S. banking regulators’ policies on incentive compensation continue to evolve in the aftermath of the economic downturn. It cannot be determined at this time whether compliance with such policies will adversely affect the ability of the Company and the Bank to hire, retain and motivate key employees.
 
Basel Accords
 
The current risk-based capital guidelines which apply to the Company and the Bank are based upon the 1988 capital accord (referred to as “Basel I”) of the International Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (the “Basel Committee”), a committee of central banks and bank supervisors and regulators from the major industrialized countries. The Basel Committee develops broad policy guidelines for use by each country’s supervisors in determining the supervisory policies they apply. A new framework and accord, referred to as Basel II evolved from


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2004 to 2006 out of the efforts to revise capital adequacy standards for internationally active banks. Basel II emphasizes internal assessment of credit, market and operational risk; supervisory assessment and market discipline in determining minimum capital requirements and became mandatory for large or “core” international banks outside the United States in 2008 (total assets of $250 billion or more or consolidated foreign exposures of $10 billion or more). Basel II was optional for others, and if adopted, must first be complied with in a “parallel run” for two years along with the existing Basel I standards.
 
The United States federal banking agencies issued a proposed rule for banking organizations that do not use the “advanced approaches” under Basel II. While this proposed rule generally parallels the relevant approaches under Basel II, it diverges where United States markets have unique characteristics and risk profiles. A definitive final rule has not yet been issued. The United States banking agencies indicated, however, that they would retain the minimum leverage requirement for all United States banks.
 
In January 2009, the Basel Committee proposed to reconsider regulatory capital standards, supervisory and risk-management requirements and additional disclosures to further strengthen the Basel II framework in response to the worldwide economic downturn. In December 2009, the Basel Committee released two consultative documents proposing significant changes to bank capital, leverage and liquidity requirements to enhance the Basel II framework which had not yet been fully implemented internationally and even less so in the United States. The Group of Twenty Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (commonly referred to as the G-20), including the United States, endorsed the reform package, referred to as Basel III, and proposed phase in timelines in November, 2010. Basel III provides for increases in the minimum Tier 1 common equity ratio and the minimum requirement for the Tier 1 capital ratio. Basel III additionally includes a “capital conservation buffer” on top of the minimum requirement designed to absorb losses in periods of financial and economic distress; and an additional required countercyclical buffer percentage to be implemented according to a particular nation’s circumstances. These capital requirements are further supplemented under Basel III by a non-risk-based leverage ratio. Basel III also reaffirms the Basel Committee’s intention to introduce higher capital requirements on securitization and trading activities at the end of 2011.
 
The Basel III liquidity proposals have three main elements: (i) a “liquidity coverage ratio” designed to meet the bank’s liquidity needs over a 30-day time horizon under an acute liquidity stress scenario, (ii) a “net stable funding ratio” designed to promote more medium and long-term funding over a one-year time horizon, and (iii) a set of monitoring tools that the Basel Committee indicates should be considered as the minimum types of information that banks should report to supervisors.
 
Implementation of Basel III in the United States will require regulations and guidelines by United States banking regulators, which may differ in significant ways from the recommendations published by the Basel Committee. It is unclear how United States banking regulators will define “well-capitalized” in their implementation of Basel III and to what extent and when smaller banking organizations in the United States will be subject to these regulations and guidelines. Basel III standards, if adopted, would lead to significantly higher capital requirements, higher capital charges and more restrictive leverage and liquidity ratios. The Basel III standards, if adopted, could lead to significantly higher capital requirements, higher capital charges and more restrictive leverage and liquidity ratios. The standards would, among other things:
 
  •  impose more restrictive eligibility requirements for Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital;
 
  •  increase the minimum Tier 1 common equity ratio to 4.5 percent, net of regulatory deductions, and introduce a capital conservation buffer of an additional 2.5 percent of common equity to risk-weighted assets, raising the target minimum common equity ratio to 7 percent;
 
  •  increase the minimum Tier 1 capital ratio to 8.5 percent inclusive of the capital conservation buffer;
 
  •  increase the minimum total capital ratio to 10.5 percent inclusive of the capital conservation buffer; and
 
  •  introduce a countercyclical capital buffer of up to 2.5 percent of common equity or other fully loss absorbing capital for periods of excess credit growth.


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Basel III also introduces a non-risk adjusted Tier 1 leverage ratio of 3 percent, based on a measure of total exposure rather than total assets, and new liquidity standards. The new Basel III capital standards will be phased in from January 1, 2013 until January 1, 2019.
 
United States banking regulators must also implement Basel III in conjunction with the provisions of Dodd-Frank related to increased capital and liquidity requirements. Dodd-Frank Act requires the Federal Reserve Board, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”) and the FDIC to adopt regulations imposing a continuing “floor” of the minimum leverage and Basel I-based capital requirements, as in effect for depository institutions as of the date of enactment, July 21, 2010, in cases where the Basel II-based capital requirements and any changes in capital regulations resulting from Basel III otherwise would permit lower requirements. In December 2010, the Federal Reserve Board, the OCC and the FDIC issued a joint notice of proposed rulemaking that would implement this requirement.
 
The regulations ultimately applicable to the Company may be substantially different from the Basel III final framework as published in December 2010. Requirements to maintain higher levels of capital or to maintain higher levels of liquid assets could adversely impact the Company’s net income and return on equity.
 
Prompt Corrective Action Provisions
 
The Federal Deposit Insurance Act (“FDIA”) provides a framework for regulation of depository institutions and their affiliates, including parent holding companies, by their federal banking regulators. Among other things, it requires the relevant federal banking regulator to take “prompt corrective action” with respect to a depository institution if that institution does not meet certain capital adequacy standards, including requiring the prompt submission of an acceptable capital restoration plan. Supervisory actions by the appropriate federal banking regulator under the prompt corrective action rules generally depend upon an institution’s classification within five capital categories as defined in the regulations. The relevant capital measures are the capital ratio, the Tier 1 capital ratio, and the leverage ratio. However, the federal banking agencies have also adopted non-capital safety and soundness standards to assist examiners in identifying and addressing potential safety and soundness concerns before capital becomes impaired. These include operational and managerial standards relating to: (i) internal controls, information systems and internal audit systems, (ii) loan documentation, (iii) credit underwriting, (iv) asset quality and growth, (v) earnings, (vi) risk management, and (vii) compensation and benefits.
 
A depository institution’s capital tier under the prompt corrective action regulations will depend upon how its capital levels compare with various relevant capital measures and the other factors established by the regulations. A bank will be: (i) “well capitalized” if the institution has a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.0% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6.0% or greater, and a leverage ratio of 5.0% or greater and is not subject to any order or written directive by any such regulatory authority to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure; (ii) “adequately capitalized” if the institution has a total risk-based capital ratio of 8.0% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 4.0% or greater, and a leverage ratio of 4.0% or greater and is not “well capitalized”; (iii) “undercapitalized” if the institution has a total risk-based capital ratio that is less than 8.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of less than 4.0%, or a leverage ratio of less than 4.0%; (iv) “significantly undercapitalized” if the institution has a total risk-based capital ratio of less than 6.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of less than 3.0%, or a leverage ratio of less than 3.0%; and (v) “critically undercapitalized” if the institution’s tangible equity is equal to or less than 2.0% of average quarterly tangible assets. An institution may be downgraded to, or deemed to be in, a capital category that is lower than indicated by its capital ratios if it is determined to be in an unsafe or unsound condition or if it receives an unsatisfactory examination rating with respect to certain matters.
 
The FDIA generally prohibits a depository institution from making any capital distributions (including payment of a dividend) or paying any management fee to its parent holding company if the depository institution would thereafter be “undercapitalized.” “Undercapitalized” institutions are subject to growth limitations and are required to submit a capital restoration plan. The regulatory agencies may not accept such a plan without determining, among other things, that the plan is based on realistic assumptions and is likely to succeed in restoring the depository institution’s capital. In addition, for a capital restoration plan to be acceptable, the depository institution’s parent holding company must guarantee that the institution will comply with such capital restoration plan. The bank holding company must also provide appropriate assurances of performance. The


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aggregate liability of the parent holding company is limited to the lesser of (i) an amount equal to 5.0% of the depository institution’s total assets at the time it became undercapitalized and (ii) the amount which is necessary (or would have been necessary) to bring the institution into compliance with all capital standards applicable with respect to such institution as of the time it fails to comply with the plan. If a depository institution fails to submit an acceptable plan, it is treated as if it is “significantly undercapitalized.” “Significantly undercapitalized” depository institutions may be subject to a number of requirements and restrictions, including orders to sell sufficient voting stock to become “adequately capitalized,” requirements to reduce total assets, and cessation of receipt of deposits from correspondent banks. “Critically undercapitalized” institutions are subject to the appointment of a receiver or conservator.
 
The appropriate federal banking agency may, under certain circumstances, reclassify a well capitalized insured depository institution as adequately capitalized. The FDIA provides that an institution may be reclassified if the appropriate federal banking agency determines (after notice and opportunity for a hearing) that the institution is in an unsafe or unsound condition or deems the institution to be engaging in an unsafe or unsound practice. The appropriate agency is also permitted to require an adequately capitalized or undercapitalized institution to comply with the supervisory provisions as if the institution were in the next lower category (but not treat a significantly undercapitalized institution as critically undercapitalized) based on supervisory information other than the capital levels of the institution.
 
Dividends
 
It is the Federal Reserve’s policy that bank holding companies should generally pay dividends on common stock only out of income available over the past year, and only if prospective earnings retention is consistent with the organization’s expected future needs and financial condition. It is also the Federal Reserve’s policy that bank holding companies should not maintain dividend levels that undermine their ability to be a source of strength to its banking subsidiaries. Additionally, in consideration of the current financial and economic environment, the Federal Reserve has indicated that bank holding companies should carefully review their dividend policy and has discouraged payment ratios that are at maximum allowable levels unless both asset quality and capital are very strong.
 
The Bank is a legal entity that is separate and distinct from its holding company. CVB receives income through dividends paid by the Bank. Subject to the regulatory restrictions which currently further restrict the ability of the Bank to declare and pay dividends, future cash dividends by the Bank will depend upon management’s assessment of future capital requirements, contractual restrictions, and other factors.
 
The powers of the board of directors of the Bank to declare a cash dividend to CVB is subject to California law, which restricts the amount available for cash dividends to the lesser of a bank’s retained earnings or net income for its last three fiscal years (less any distributions to shareholders made during such period). Where the above test is not met, cash dividends may still be paid, with the prior approval of the DFI in an amount not exceeding the greatest of (1) retained earnings of the bank; (2) the net income of the bank for its last fiscal year; or (3) the net income of the bank for its current fiscal year.
 
Operations and Consumer Compliance Laws
 
The Bank must comply with numerous federal anti-money laundering and consumer protection statutes and implementing regulations, including the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001, the Bank Secrecy Act, the CRA, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, as amended by the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Truth in Lending Act, the Fair Housing Act, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the National Flood Insurance Act and various federal and state privacy protection laws. Noncompliance with these laws could subject the Bank to lawsuits and could also result in administrative penalties, including, fines and reimbursements. The Bank and the Company are also subject to federal and state laws prohibiting unfair or fraudulent business practices, untrue or misleading advertising and unfair competition.
 
These laws and regulations mandate certain disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which financial institutions must deal with customers when taking deposits, making loans, collecting loans, and providing other services. Failure to comply with these laws and regulations can subject the Bank to various penalties,


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including but not limited to enforcement actions, injunctions, fines or criminal penalties, punitive damages to consumers, and the loss of certain contractual rights.
 
Dodd-Frank provides for the creation of the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection as an independent entity within the Federal Reserve. This bureau is a new regulatory agency for United States banks. It will have broad rulemaking, supervisory and enforcement authority over consumer financial products and services, including deposit products, residential mortgages, home-equity loans and credit cards, and contains provisions on mortgage-related matters such as steering incentives, determinations as to a borrower’s ability to repay and prepayment penalties. The bureau’s functions include investigating consumer complaints, conducting market research, rulemaking, supervising and examining banks consumer transactions, and enforcing rules related to consumer financial products and services. It is anticipated that the bureau will begin regulating activities in 2011. Banks with less than $10 billion in assets, such as the Bank, will continue to be examined for compliance by their primary federal banking agency.
 
Regulation of Non-bank Subsidiaries
 
Non-bank subsidiaries are subject to additional or separate regulation and supervision by other state, federal and self-regulatory bodies.
 
Employees
 
At February 15, 2011, we employed 819 persons, 576 on a full-time and 243 on a part-time basis. We believe that our employee relations are satisfactory.
 
Available Information
 
Reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) include our proxy statements, annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. These reports and other information on file can be inspected and copied on official business days between 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. at the public reference facilities of the Commission on file at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington D.C., 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the public reference rooms by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The Commission maintains a Web Site that contains the reports, proxy and information statements and other information we file with them. The address of the site is http://www.sec.gov. The Company also maintains an Internet website at http://www.cbbank.com. We make available, free of charge through our website, our Proxy Statement, Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and current Report on Form 8-K, and any amendment there to, as soon as reasonably practicable after we file such reports with the SEC. None of the information contained in or hyperlinked from our website is incorporated into this Form 10-K.
 
Executive Officers of the Company
 
The following sets forth certain information regarding our executive officers as of February 15, 2011:
 
Executive Officers:
 
             
Name
 
Position
  Age
 
Christopher D. Myers
  President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and the Bank     48  
Edward J. Biebrich Jr. 
  Chief Financial Officer of the Company and Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Bank     67  
James F. Dowd
  Executive Vice President/Credit Management Division of the Bank     58  
David A. Brager
  Executive Vice President/Sales Division of the Bank     43  
David C. Harvey
  Executive Vice President/Chief Operations Officer     43  
Christopher A. Walters
  Executive Vice President/CitizensTrust Division of the Bank     47  
Richard C. Thomas
  Executive Vice President/Finance and Accounting (incoming CFO)     62  


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Mr. Myers assumed the position of President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and the Bank on August 1, 2006. Prior to that, Mr. Myers served as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Mellon First Business Bank from 2004 to 2006. From 1996 to 2003, Mr. Myers held several management positions with Mellon First Business Bank, including Executive Vice President, Regional Vice President, and Vice President/Group Manager.
 
Mr. Biebrich assumed the position of Chief Financial Officer of the Company and Executive Vice President/Chief Financial Officer of the Bank on February 2, 1998. On January 28, 2011, Mr. Biebrich submitted his notice of retirement, effective March 1, 2011. On February 1, 2011, CVB and the Bank announced the appointment of Richard C. Thomas to the position of Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of CVB and the Bank, as of the close of business March 1, 2011.
 
Mr. Dowd assumed the position of Executive Vice President and Chief Credit Officer of the Bank on June 30, 2008. From 2006 to 2008, he served as Executive Vice President and Chief Credit Officer for Mellon First Business Bank. From 1991 to 2006, Mr. Dowd held several management positions with City National Bank, including Senior Vice President and Manager of Special Assets, Deputy Chief Credit Officer, and Interim Chief Credit Officer.
 
Mr. Brager assumed the position of Executive Vice President and Sales Division Manager of the Bank on November 22, 2010. From 2007 to 2010, he served as Senior Vice President and Regional Manager of the Central Valley Region for the Bank. From 2003 to 2007, he served as Senior Vice President and Manager of the Fresno Business Financial Center for the Bank. From 1997 to 2003, Mr. Brager held management positions with Westamerica Bank.
 
Mr. Harvey assumed the position of Executive Vice President of the Bank on December 31, 2009. From 2000 to 2008, he served as Senior Vice President and Operations Manager at Bank of the West. From 2008 to 2009 he served as Executive Vice President and Commercial and Treasury Services Manager at Bank of the West.
 
Mr. Thomas assumed the position of Executive Vice President Finance and Accounting of the Bank on December 13, 2010. For ten months of 2010, Mr. Thomas served as Chief Risk Officer of Community Bank. From 1987 to 2009, he was an audit partner of Deloitte & Touche LLP. Mr. Thomas will assume the position of Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company and Bank as of the close of business March 1, 2011.
 
Mr. Walters assumed the position of Executive Vice President of the Bank on June 27, 2007. From 2005 to 2006, he served as Senior Vice President for Atlantic Trust. From 2002 to 2004, he was Director of Private Banking for Citigroup. From 1994 to 2002, he served as a member of the Executive Committee and held a variety of management positions for Mellon Private Wealth Management.


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ITEM 1A.   RISK FACTORS
 
Risk Factors That May Affect Future Results — Together with the other information on the risks we face and our management of risk contained in this Annual Report or in our other SEC filings, the following presents significant risks which may affect us. Events or circumstances arising from one or more of these risks could adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects and the value and price of our common stock could decline. The risks identified below are not intended to be a comprehensive list of all risks we face and additional risks that we may currently view as not material may also impair our business operations and results.
 
Risk Relating to Recent Economic Conditions and Government Response Efforts
 
Difficult economic and market conditions have adversely affected our industry
 
Dramatic declines in the housing market, with decreasing home prices and increasing delinquencies and foreclosures, have negatively impacted the credit performance of mortgage and construction loans and resulted in significant write-downs of assets by many financial institutions. General downward economic trends, reduced availability of commercial credit and high unemployment have negatively impacted the credit performance of commercial and consumer credit, resulting in additional write-downs. Concerns over the stability of the financial markets and the economy have resulted in decreased lending by financial institutions to their customers and to each other. These economic conditions and tightening of credit has led to increased commercial and consumer deficiencies, lack of customer confidence, increased market volatility and widespread reduction in general business activity. Financial institutions have experienced decreased access to deposits and borrowings. The resulting economic pressure on consumers and businesses and the lack of confidence in the economy and financial markets may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and stock price. A worsening of these conditions would likely exacerbate the adverse effects of these difficult market conditions on us and others in the financial institutions industry. In particular, we may face the following risks in connection with these events, or any downward turn in the economy:
 
  •  We face increased regulation of our industry as demonstrated by the adoption of Dodd-Frank. Compliance with such regulation may increase our costs and limit our ability to pursue business opportunities.
 
  •  The process we use to estimate losses inherent in our credit exposure requires difficult, subjective and complex judgments, including forecasts of economic conditions and how these economic conditions might impair the ability of our borrowers to repay their loans. The level of uncertainty concerning economic conditions may adversely affect the accuracy of our estimates which may, in turn, impact the reliability of the process.
 
  •  The Company’s commercial, residential and consumer borrowers may be unable to make timely repayments of their loans, or the decrease in value of real estate collateral securing the payment of such loans could result in significant credit losses, increasing delinquencies, foreclosures and customer bankruptcies, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s operating results.
 
  •  The value of the portfolio of investment securities that we hold may be adversely affected by increasing interest rates and defaults by debtors.
 
  •  Further disruptions in the capital markets or other events, including actions by rating agencies and deteriorating investor expectations, may result in an inability to borrow on favorable terms or at all from other financial institutions.
 
  •  Increase competition among financial services companies due to the recent consolidation of certain competing financial institutions and the conversion of certain investments banks to bank holding companies may adversely affect the Company’s ability to market its products and services.
 
If economic conditions do not significantly improve, there can be no assurance that we will not experience an adverse effect, which may be material, on our business, financial condition and results of operations.


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Legislative and regulatory initiatives to address difficult market and economic conditions may not stabilize the U.S. banking system. Future legislation and regulations may be adopted which could result in a comprehensive overhaul of the U.S. banking system. There can be no assurance, however, as to the actual impact that legislation and regulations will have on the financial markets, including the extreme levels of volatility and limited credit availability currently being experienced. The failure of legislation and regulations to help stabilize the financial markets and a continuation or worsening of current financial market conditions could have a material, adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and access to credit or the value of our securities.
 
U.S. and international financial markets and economic conditions could adversely affect our liquidity, results of operations and financial condition
 
As described in “Business — Economic Conditions, Government Policies, Legislation and Regulation”, turmoil and downward economic trends have been particularly acute in the financial sector. Although the Company and the Bank remain well capitalized and have not suffered any significant liquidity issues as a result of these events, the cost and availability of funds may be adversely affected by illiquid credit markets and the demand for our products and services may decline as our borrowers and customers continue to realize the impact of an economic slowdown, previous recession and ongoing high unemployment rates. In view of the concentration of our operations and the collateral securing our loan portfolio in Central and Southern California, we may be particularly susceptible to adverse economic conditions in the state of California, where our business is concentrated. In addition, adverse economic conditions may exacerbate our exposure to credit risk and adversely affect the ability of borrowers to perform under the terms of their lending arrangements with us.
 
Adverse conditions in the U.S. and international markets and economy may adversely affect our liquidity, financial condition, results or operations and profitability.
 
We may be required to make additional provisions for credit losses and charge off additional loans in the future, which could adversely affect our results of operations
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, we recorded a $61.2 million provision for credit losses and charged off $65.5 million, net of $659,000 in recoveries. There has been a significant slowdown in the real estate markets in portions of Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino and Orange counties and the Central Valley area of California where a majority of our loan customers are based. This slowdown reflects declining prices in real estate, excess inventories of homes and increasing vacancies in commercial and industrial properties, all of which have contributed to financial strain on real estate developers and suppliers. In addition, the Federal Reserve Board and other government officials have expressed concerns about banks’ concentration in commercial real estate lending and the ability of commercial real estate borrowers to perform pursuant to the terms of their loans. As of December 31, 2010, we had $2.72 billion in real estate loans (which represents $2.27 billion in commercial real estate loans), $223.5 million in construction loans and $224.3 million in single family residential mortgages. Continuing deterioration in the real estate market, and in particular the commercial real estate market, could affect the ability of our loan customers to service their debt, which could result in loan charge-offs and provisions for credit losses in the future, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, net income and capital.
 
Volatility in commodity prices may adversely affect our results of operations.
 
As of December 31, 2010, approximately eleven percent (11%) of our gross loan portfolio was comprised of dairy, livestock and agribusiness loans. Recent volatility in certain commodity prices, including milk prices, could adversely impact the ability of those to whom we have made dairy and livestock loans to perform under the terms of their borrowing arrangements with us. In addition, certain grains are being diverted from the food chain into the production of ethanol which is causing the price of feed stocks for dairies to rise, therefore putting pressure on margins of milk sales and cash flows. These situations as well as others could result in additional loan charge-offs and provisions for credit losses in the future, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, net income and capital.


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Risks Related to Our Market and Business
 
Our allowance for credit losses may not be adequate to cover actual losses
 
A significant source of risk arises from the possibility that we could sustain losses because borrowers, guarantors, and related parties may fail to perform in accordance with the terms of their loans and leases. The underwriting and credit monitoring policies and procedures that we have adopted to address this risk may not prevent unexpected losses that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. We maintain an allowance for credit losses to provide for loan and lease defaults and non-performance. The allowance is also appropriately increased for new loan growth. While we believe that our allowance for credit losses is adequate to cover inherent losses, we cannot assure you that we will not increase the allowance for credit losses further or that regulators will not require us to increase this allowance.
 
Liquidity risk could impair our ability to fund operations and jeopardize our financial condition
 
Liquidity is essential to our business. An inability to raise funds through deposits, borrowings, the sale of loans and other sources could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity. Our access to funding sources in amounts adequate to finance our activities could be impaired by factors that affect us specifically or the financial services industry in general. Factors that could detrimentally impact our access to liquidity sources include a decrease in the level of our business activity due to a market downturn or adverse regulatory action against us. Our ability to acquire deposits or borrow could also be impaired by factors that are not specific to us, such as a severe disruption of the financial markets or negative views and expectations about the prospects for the financial services industry as a whole.
 
The actions and commercial soundness of other financial institutions could affect our ability to engage in routine funding transactions.
 
Financial service institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty or other relationships. We have exposure to different industries and counterparties, and execute transactions with various counterparties in the financial industry, including brokers and dealers, commercial banks, investment banks, mutual funds, and other institutional clients. Defaults by financial services institutions, even rumors or questions about one or more financial institutions or the financial services industry in general, could lead to market wide liquidity problems and further, could lead to losses or defaults by the Company or other institutions. Many of these transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of its counterparty or client. In addition, our credit risk may increase when the collateral held by it cannot be realized upon or is liquidated at prices not sufficient to recover the full amount of the loan or derivative exposure due to us. Any such losses could materially and adversely affect our results of operations.
 
Our interest expense may increase following the repeal of the federal prohibition on payment of interest on demand deposits
 
The federal prohibition on the ability of financial institutions to pay interest on demand deposit accounts was repealed as part of Dodd-Frank. As a result, beginning on July 21, 2011, financial institutions could commence offering interest on demand deposits to compete for clients. We do not yet know what interest rates other institutions may offer. Our interest expense will increase and our net interest margin will decrease if the Bank begins offering interest on demand deposits to attract additional customers or maintain current customers, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, net income and results of operations.
 
Our loan portfolio is predominantly secured by real estate and thus we have a higher degree of risk from a downturn in our real estate markets
 
A further downturn in our real estate markets could hurt our business because many of our loans are secured by real estate. Real estate values and real estate markets are generally affected by changes in national, regional or local economic conditions, fluctuations in interest rates and the availability of loans to potential purchasers, changes in tax laws and other governmental statutes, regulations and policies and acts of nature, such as earthquakes and national disasters particular to California. Substantially all of our real estate collateral is located in California. If real


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estate values, including values of land held for development, continue to decline, the value of real estate collateral securing our loans, including loans to our largest borrowing relationships, could be significantly reduced. Our ability to recover on defaulted loans by foreclosing and selling the real estate collateral would then be diminished and we would be more likely to suffer losses on defaulted loans. Commercial real estate loans typically involve large balances to single borrowers or group of related borrowers. Since payments on these loans are often dependent on the successful operation or management of the properties, as well as the business and financial condition of the borrower, repayment of such loans may be subject to adverse conditions in the real estate market, adverse economic conditions or changes in applicable government regulations.
 
Additional risks associated with our construction loan portfolio include failure of contractors to complete construction on a timely basis or at all, market deterioration during construction, cost overruns and failure to sell or lease the security underlying the construction loans so as to generate the cash flow anticipated by our borrower. Continued declines in real estate values coupled with the current economic downturn and an associated increase in unemployment may result in higher than expected loan delinquencies or problem assets, a decline in demand for our products and services, or a lack of growth or decrease in deposits, which may cause us to incur losses, adversely affect our capital or hurt our business.
 
We are exposed to risk of environmental liabilities with respect to properties to which we take title
 
In the course of our business, we may foreclose and take title to real estate, and could be subject to environmental liabilities with respect to these properties. While we will take steps to mitigate this risk, we may be held liable to a governmental entity or to third parties for property damage, personal injury, investigation and clean-up costs incurred by these parties in connection with environmental contamination, or may be required to investigate or clean-up hazardous or toxic substances, or chemical releases at a property. The costs associated with investigation or remediation activities could be substantial. In addition, if we are the owner or former owner of a contaminated site, we may be subject to common law claims by third parties based on damages and costs resulting from environmental contamination emanating from the property. If we become subject to significant environmental liabilities, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects could be adversely affected.
 
We may experience goodwill impairment
 
If our estimates of segment fair value change due to changes in our businesses or other factors, we may determine that impairment charges on goodwill recorded as a result of acquisitions are necessary. Estimates of fair value are determined based on a complex model using cash flows, the fair value of our Company as determined by our stock price, and company comparisons. If management’s estimates of future cash flows are inaccurate, fair value determined could be inaccurate and impairment may not be recognized in a timely manner. If the fair value of the Company declines, we may need to recognize goodwill impairment in the future which would have a material adverse affect on our results of operations and capital levels.
 
Our business is subject to interest rate risk and variations in interest rates may negatively affect our financial performance
 
A substantial portion of our income is derived from the differential or “spread” between the interest earned on loans, securities and other interest-earning assets, and interest paid on deposits, borrowings and other interest-bearing liabilities. Because of the differences in the maturities and repricing characteristics of our interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, changes in interest rates do not produce equivalent changes in interest income earned on interest-earning assets and interest paid on interest-bearing liabilities. At December 31, 2010 our balance sheet was slightly liability sensitive and, as a result, our net interest margin tends to decline in a rising interest rate environment and expand in a declining interest rate environment. Accordingly, fluctuations in interest rates could adversely affect our interest rate spread and, in turn, our profitability. In addition, loan origination volumes are affected by market interest rates. Rising interest rates, generally, are associated with a lower volume of loan originations while lower interest rates are usually associated with higher loan originations. Conversely, in rising interest rate environments, loan repayment rates may decline and in falling interest rate environments, loan repayment rates may increase. In addition, in a rising interest rate environment, we may need to accelerate the pace of rate increases on our deposit accounts as compared to the pace of future increases in short-term market rates.


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Accordingly, changes in levels of market interest rates could materially and adversely affect our net interest spread, asset quality and loan origination volume.
 
We are subject to extensive government regulation that could limit or restrict our activities, which, in turn, may hamper our ability to increase our assets and earnings
 
Our operations are subject to extensive regulation by federal, state and local governmental authorities and are subject to various laws and judicial and administrative decisions imposing requirements and restrictions on part or all of our operations. Because our business is highly regulated, the laws, rules, regulations and supervisory guidance and policies applicable to us are subject to regular modification and change. Perennially various laws, rules and regulations are proposed, which, if adopted, could impact our operations by making compliance much more difficult or expensive, restricting our ability to originate or sell loans or further restricting the amount of interest or other charges or fees earned on loans or other products.
 
Additional requirements imposed by the Dodd-Frank Act could adversely affect us.
 
Recent government efforts to strengthen the U.S. financial system have resulted in the imposition of additional regulatory requirements, including expansive financial services regulatory reform legislation. Dodd-Frank sets out sweeping regulatory changes. Changes imposed by Dodd-Frank include, among others: (i) new requirements on banking, derivative and investment activities, including modified capital requirements, the repeal of the prohibition on the payment of interest on business demand accounts, and debit card interchange fee requirements; (ii) corporate governance and executive compensation requirements; (iii) enhanced financial institution safety and soundness regulations, including increases in assessment fees and deposit insurance coverage; and (iv) the establishment of new regulatory bodies, such as the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. Certain provisions are effective immediately; however, much of the Financial Reform Act is subject to further rulemaking and/or studies. As such, while we are subject to the legislation, we cannot fully assess the impact of Dodd-Frank until final rules are implemented, which depending on the rule, could be within six to 24 months from the enactment of Dodd-Frank, or later.
 
Current and future legal and regulatory requirements, restrictions and regulations, including those imposed under Dodd-Frank, may adversely impact our profitability and may have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations, may require us to invest significant management attention and resources to evaluate and make any changes required by the legislation and accompanying rules and may make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified executive officers and employees.
 
The FDIC’s restoration plan and the related increased assessment rate could adversely affect our earnings.
 
As a result of a series of financial institution failures and other market developments, the deposit insurance fund, or DIF, of the FDIC has been significantly depleted and reduced the ratio of reserves to insured deposits. As a result of recent economic conditions and the enactment of the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC has increased the deposit insurance assessment rates and thus raised deposit premiums for insured depository institutions. If these increases are insufficient for the DIF to meet its funding requirements, further special assessments or increases in deposit insurance premiums may be required which we may be required to pay. We are generally unable to control the amount of premiums that we are required to pay for FDIC insurance. If there are additional bank or financial institution failures, we may be required to pay even higher FDIC premiums than the recently increased levels. Any future additional assessments, increases or required prepayments in FDIC insurance premiums may materially adversely affect our results of operations.
 
The impact of the new Basel III capital standards will likely impose enhanced capital adequacy standards on us.
 
On September 12, 2010, the Group of Governors and Heads of Supervision, the oversight body of the Basel Committee, announced agreement on the calibration and phase-in arrangements for a strengthened set of capital requirements, known as Basel III, which were approved in November 2010 by the G20 leadership. Basel III


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increases the minimum Tier 1 common equity ratio to 4.5%, net of regulatory deductions, and introduces a capital conservation buffer of an additional 2.5% of common equity to risk-weighted assets, raising the target minimum common equity ratio to 7%. Basel III increases the minimum Tier 1 capital ratio to 8.5% inclusive of the capital conservation buffer, increases the minimum total capital ratio to 10.5% inclusive of the capital buffer and introduces a countercyclical capital buffer of up to 2.5% of common equity or other fully loss absorbing capital for periods of excess credit growth. Basel III also introduces a non-risk adjusted Tier 1 leverage ratio of 3%, based on a measure of total exposure rather than total assets, and new liquidity standards. The Basel III capital and liquidity standards will be phased in over a multi-year period. The Federal Reserve will likely implement changes to the capital adequacy standards applicable to us and the Bank which will increase our capital requirements and compliance costs.
 
Failure to manage our growth may adversely affect our performance
 
Our financial performance and profitability depend on our ability to manage past and possible future growth. Future acquisitions and our continued growth may present operating, integration and other issues that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
 
We may engage in FDIC-assisted transactions, which could present additional risks to our business.
 
On October 16, 2009, we acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed substantially all of the liabilities of San Joaquin Bank from the FDIC. We may have opportunities to acquire the assets and liabilities of additional failed banks in FDIC-assisted transactions. Although these FDIC-assisted transactions typically provide for FDIC assistance to an acquirer to mitigate certain risks, such as sharing exposure to loan losses and providing indemnification against certain liabilities of the failed institution, we are (and would be in future transactions) subject to many of the same risks we would face in acquiring another bank in a negotiated transaction, including risks associated with maintaining customer relationships and failure to realize the anticipated acquisition benefits in the amounts and within the timeframes we expect. In addition, because these acquisitions are structured in a manner that would not allow us the time and access to information normally associated with preparing for and evaluating a negotiated acquisition, we may face additional risks in FDIC-assisted transactions, including additional strain on management resources, management of problem loans, problems related to integration of personnel and operating systems and impact to our capital resources requiring us to raise additional capital. We cannot assure you that we will be successful in overcoming these risks or any other problems encountered in connection with FDIC-assisted transactions. Although we have entered into a loss sharing agreement with the FDIC in connection with our acquisition of loans from San Joaquin Bank, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to adequately manage the loan portfolio within the limits of the loss protections provided by the FDIC from the San Joaquin Bank acquisition or any other FDIC-assisted acquisition we may make. Our inability to overcome these risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and net income
 
Income that we recognized and continue to recognize in connection with our 2009 FDIC-assisted San Joaquin Bank acquisition may be non-recurring or finite in duration.
 
Through the acquisition of San Joaquin, we acquired approximately $673.1 million of assets and assumed $660.9 million of liabilities. The San Joaquin Bank acquisition was accounted for under the purchase method of accounting and we recorded an after-tax bargain purchase gain totaling $12.3 million as a result of the acquisition. This gain was included as a component of other operating income on our statement of earnings for 2009. The amount of the gain was equal to the amount by which the fair value of assets purchased exceeded the fair value of liabilities. The bargain purchase gain resulting from the acquisition was a one-time gain that is not expected to be repeated in future periods.
 
In addition, the loans that we acquired from San Joaquin Bank were acquired at a $199.8 million discount. Approximately $197.7 million of this discount represents the non accretable discount and $2.1 million of the discount represents the adjustment for the differences between current market interest rates and the contractual interest rates on the acquired loans. The accretable discount is amortized and accreted to interest income on a monthly basis, in accordance with ASC 310-30, Loans and Debt securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality. However, as these loans are paid-off, charged-off, sold, or transferred to OREO, the income from the discount accretion is reduced. As the acquired loans are removed from our books, the related discount will no longer


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be available for accretion into income. During 2009, no accelerated accretion on loans was recorded in interest income. During 2010, $26.7 million in accelerated accretion was recorded in interest income. As of December 31, 2010, the balance of the carrying value of our discount on loans was $114.8 million, which has decreased by $69.6 million from its carrying value of $184.4 million as of December 31, 2009 and by $85.0 million from its initial value of $199.8 million. The reduction in the discount from December 31, 2009 to December 31, 2010 is primarily due to $42.2 million in loan charge-offs and $26.7 million in accelerated accretion. The reduction in discount from the initial value to December 31, 2009 was primarily due to $15.1 million in loan charge-offs. We expect the continued reduction of discount accretion recorded as interest income in future quarters, especially related to accelerated accretion.
 
Our decisions regarding the fair value of assets acquired, including the FDIC loss sharing assets, could be different than initially estimated which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and future prospects.
 
We acquired significant portfolios of loans in the San Joaquin Bank acquisition. Although these loans were marked down to their estimated fair value, there is no assurance that the acquired loans will not suffer further deterioration in value resulting in additional charge-offs. The fluctuations in national, regional and local economic conditions, including those related to local residential, commercial real estate and construction markets, may increase the level of charge-offs in the loan portfolio that we acquired from San Joaquin Bank and correspondingly reduce our net income. These fluctuations are not predictable, cannot be controlled and may have a material adverse impact on our operations and financial condition, even if other favorable events occur.
 
Although we have entered into loss sharing agreements with the FDIC which provide that a significant portion of losses related to the assets acquired from San Joaquin Bank will be borne by the FDIC, we are not protected for all losses resulting from charge-offs with respect to those assets. Additionally, the loss sharing agreements have limited terms. Therefore, any charge-off of related losses that we experience after the term of the loss sharing agreements will not be reimbursed by the FDIC and will negatively impact our net income.
 
Our ability to obtain reimbursement under the loss sharing agreement on covered assets depends on our compliance with the terms of the loss sharing agreement.
 
We must certify to the FDIC on a quarterly basis our compliance with the terms of the FDIC loss sharing agreement as a prerequisite to obtaining reimbursement from the FDIC for realized losses on covered assets. The required terms of the agreement are extensive and failure to comply with any of the guidelines could result in a specific asset or group of assets permanently losing their loss sharing coverage. As of December 31, 2010, $385.3 million, or 6.0%, of our assets were covered by the FDIC loss sharing agreement. No assurances can be given that we will manage the covered assets in such a way as to always maintain loss share coverage on all such assets.
 
We face strong competition from financial services companies and other companies that offer banking services
 
We conduct most of our operations in California. The banking and financial services businesses in California are highly competitive and increased competition in our primary market area may adversely impact the level of our loans and deposits. Ultimately, we may not be able to compete successfully against current and future competitors. These competitors include national banks, regional banks and other community banks. We also face competition from many other types of financial institutions, including savings and loan associations, finance companies, brokerage firms, insurance companies, credit unions, mortgage banks and other financial intermediaries. In particular, our competitors include major financial companies whose greater resources may afford them a marketplace advantage by enabling them to maintain numerous locations and mount extensive promotional and advertising campaigns. Areas of competition include interest rates for loans and deposits, efforts to obtain loan and deposit customers and a range in quality of products and services provided, including new technology driven products and services. If we are unable to attract and retain banking customers, we may be unable to continue our loan growth and level of deposits.


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We rely on communications, information, operating and financial control systems technology from third-party service providers, and we may suffer an interruption in those systems
 
We rely heavily on third-party service providers for much of our communications, information, operating and financial control systems technology, including our internet banking services and data processing systems. Any failure or interruption of these services or systems or breaches in security of these systems could result in failures or interruptions in our customer relationship management, general ledger, deposit, servicing and/or loan origination systems. The occurrence of any failures or interruptions may require us to identify alternative sources of such services, and we cannot assure you that we could negotiate terms that are as favorable to us, or could obtain services with similar functionality as found in our existing systems without the need to expend substantial resources, if at all.
 
We are dependent on key personnel and the loss of one or more of those key personnel may materially and adversely affect our prospects
 
Competition for qualified employees and personnel in the banking industry is intense and there are a limited number of qualified persons with knowledge of, and experience in, the California community banking industry. The process of recruiting personnel with the combination of skills and attributes required to carry out our strategies is often lengthy. In addition, legislation and regulations which impose restrictions on executive compensation may make it more difficult for us to retain and recruit key personnel. Our success depends to a significant degree upon our ability to attract and retain qualified management, loan origination, finance, administrative, marketing and technical personnel and upon the continued contributions of our management and personnel. In particular, our success has been and continues to be highly dependent upon the abilities of key executives, including our President and Chief Executive Officer, and certain other employees. In addition, our success has been and continues to be highly dependent upon the services of our directors, many of whom are at or nearing retirement age, and we may not be able to identify and attract suitable candidates to replace such directors.
 
Managing reputational risk is important to attracting and maintaining customers, investors and employees
 
Threats to our reputation can come from many sources, including adverse sentiment about financial institutions generally, unethical practices, employee misconduct, failure to deliver minimum standards of service or quality, compliance deficiencies, and questionable or fraudulent activities of our customers. We have policies and procedures in place to protect our reputation and promote ethical conduct, but these policies and procedures may not be fully effective. Negative publicity regarding our business, employees, or customers, with or without merit, may result in the loss of customers, investors and employees, costly litigation, a decline in revenues and increased governmental regulation.
 
We are subject to a pending investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and a consolidated class action lawsuit which could adversely affect us.
 
We are subject to an investigation by the SEC. In addition, two class action lawsuits, which have now been consolidated, were filed against us and certain of our officers. We are unable, at this time, to estimate our potential liability in these matters, but may be required to pay judgments, settlements or other penalties and incur other costs and expenses in connection with this investigation and the consolidated lawsuit which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, responding to requests for information in this investigation and litigation may divert internal resources away from managing our business. See “Legal Proceedings”
 
Federal and state laws and regulations may restrict our ability to pay dividends
 
The ability for the Bank to pay dividends to us and for us to pay dividends to our shareholders is limited by applicable federal and California law and regulations. See “Business — Regulation and Supervision” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Cash Flow.”
 
The price of our common stock may be volatile or may decline
 
The trading price of our common stock may fluctuate widely as a result of a number of factors, many of which are outside our control. In addition, the stock market is subject to fluctuations in the share prices and trading


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volumes that affect the market prices of the shares of many companies. These broad market fluctuations could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. Among the factors that could affect our stock price are:
 
  •  actual or anticipated quarterly fluctuations in our operating results and financial condition;
 
  •  changes in revenue or earnings estimates or publication of research reports and recommendations by financial analysts;
 
  •  failure to meet analysts’ revenue or earnings estimates;
 
  •  speculation in the press or investment community;
 
  •  strategic actions by us or our competitors, such as acquisitions or restructurings;
 
  •  actions by institutional shareholders;
 
  •  fluctuations in the stock price and operating results of our competitors;
 
  •  general market conditions and, in particular, developments related to market conditions for the financial services industry;
 
  •  proposed or adopted regulatory changes or developments;
 
  •  anticipated or pending investigations, proceedings or litigation that involve or affect us; or
 
  •  domestic and international economic factors unrelated to our performance.
 
The stock market and, in particular, the market for financial institution stocks, has experienced significant volatility recently. As a result, the market price of our common stock may be volatile. In addition, the trading volume in our common stock may fluctuate more than usual and cause significant price variations to occur. The trading price of the shares of our common stock and the value of our other securities will depend on many factors, which may change from time to time, including, without limitation, our financial condition, performance, creditworthiness and prospects, future sales of our equity or equity related securities, and other factors identified above in “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statement”. The capital and credit markets have been experiencing volatility and disruption for more than two years. In some cases, the markets have produced downward pressure on stock prices and credit availability for certain issuers without regard to those issuers’ underlying financial strength. A significant decline in our stock price could result in substantial losses for individual shareholders and could lead to costly and disruptive securities litigation.
 
Anti-takeover provisions and federal law may limit the ability of another party to acquire us, which could cause our stock price to decline
 
Various provisions of our articles of incorporation and by-laws and certain other actions we have taken could delay or prevent a third-party from acquiring us, even if doing so might be beneficial to our shareholders. The Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended, and the Change in Bank Control Act of 1978, as amended, together with federal regulations, require that, depending on the particular circumstances, either Federal Reserve approval must be obtained or notice must be furnished to the Federal Reserve and not disapproved prior to any person or entity acquiring “control” of a state member bank, such as the Bank. These provisions may prevent a merger or acquisition that would be attractive to shareholders and could limit the price investors would be willing to pay in the future for our common stock.
 
Changes in stock market prices could reduce fee income from our brokerage, asset management and investment advisory businesses
 
We earn substantial wealth management fee income for managing assets for our clients and also providing brokerage and investment advisory services. Because investment management and advisory fees are often based on the value of assets under management, a fall in the market prices of those assets could reduce our fee income. Changes in stock market prices could affect the trading activity of investors, reducing commissions and other fees we earn from our brokerage business.


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We may face other risks
 
From time to time, we detail other risks with respect to our business and/or financial results in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
 
For further discussion on additional areas of risk, see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and the Results of Operations — Risk Management.”
 
ITEM 1B.   UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
None
 
ITEM 2.   PROPERTIES
 
The principal executive offices of the Company and the Bank are located in Ontario, California, and are owned by the Company.
 
At December 31, 2010, the Bank occupied the premises for 48 of its Business Financial and Commercial Banking Centers, of which 41 are under leases expiring at various dates from 2011 through 2020, at which time we can exercise options that could extend certain leases through 2026. We own the premises for twelve of our offices which include nine Business Financial Centers, our Corporate Headquarters, Operations Center and a storage facility, all located in Ontario, California.
 
At December 31, 2010, our consolidated investment in premises and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization totaled $40.9 million. Our total occupancy expense, exclusive of furniture and equipment expense, for the year ended December 31, 2010, was $12.1 million. We believe that our existing facilities are adequate for our present purposes. The Company believes that if necessary, it could secure suitable alternative facilities on similar terms without adversely affecting operations. For additional information concerning properties, see Notes 7 and 13 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report. See “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplemental Data.”
 
ITEM 3.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
Certain lawsuits and claims arising in the ordinary course of business have been filed or are pending against us or our affiliates. Where appropriate, as we determine, we establish reserves in accordance with FASB guidance over contingencies (ASC 450). The outcome of litigation and other legal and regulatory matters is inherently uncertain, however, and it is possible that one or more of the legal or regulatory matters currently pending or threatened could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, consolidated financial position, and/or results of operations. As of December 31, 2010, the Company does not have any significant litigation reserves.
 
In addition, the Company is involved in the following significant legal actions and complaints.
 
As previously disclosed, on July 26, 2010, we received a subpoena from the Los Angeles office of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). We are fully cooperating with the SEC in its investigation. We cannot predict the timing or outcome of the investigation.
 
On August 23, 2010, a purported shareholder class action complaint was filed against the Company in an action captioned Lloyd v. CVB Financial Corp., et al., Case No. CV 10- 06256-MMM, in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. Along with the Company, Christopher D. Myers (President and Chief Executive Officer) and Edward J. Biebrich Jr. (Chief Financial Officer) are also named as defendants. The complaint alleges violations by all defendants of Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder and violations by the individual defendants of Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act. Specifically, the complaint alleges that defendants misrepresented and failed to disclose conditions adversely affecting the Company throughout the purported class period, which is alleged to be between October 21, 2009 and August 9, 2010. Plaintiff seeks compensatory damages and other relief in favor of the purported class.
 
On September 14, 2010, a second purported shareholder class action complaint was filed against the Company in an action captioned Englund v. CVB Financial Corp., et al., Case No. CV 10-06815-RGK, in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. The Englund complaint, which names the same defendants as the Lloyd complaint, makes allegations that are substantially similar to those included in the Lloyd complaint.


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On January 21, 2011, the Court consolidated the two actions for all purposes under the Lloyd action now captioned as Case No. CV 10-06256-MMM (PJWx). That same day, the Court also appointed the Jacksonville Police and Fire Pension Fund (the “Jacksonville Fund”) as lead plaintiff and approved the Jacksonville Fund’s selection of lead counsel. We expect the Jacksonville Fund to file a consolidated complaint, which is due to be filed by March 7, 2011. A response from the Company is due to be filed thirty (30) days after the filing of a consolidated complaint.
 
On February 28, 2011, we received a copy of a complaint for a purported shareholder derivative action in California State Superior Court in San Bernardino County. The complaint names as defendants the members of our board of directors and also refers to unnamed defendants allegedly responsible for the conduct alleged. The Company is included as a nominal defendant. The complaint alleges breaches of fiduciary duties, abuse of control, gross mismanagement and corporate waste. Specifically, the complaint alleges, among other things, that defendants engaged in accounting manipulations in order to falsely portray the Company’s financial results in connection with its commercial real estate portfolio. Plaintiff seeks compensatory and exemplary damages to be paid by the defendants and awarded to the Company, as well as other relief.
 
Because we are in the early stages, we cannot predict any range of loss or even if any loss is probable related to the actions discussed above.
 
ITEM 4.   REMOVED AND RESERVED
 
PART II
 
ITEM 5.   MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select National Market under the symbol “CVBF.” The following table presents the high and low sales prices and dividend information for our common stock during each quarter for the past two years. The Company had approximately 1,876 shareholders of record as of February 15, 2011.
 
                     
Two Year Summary of Common Stock Prices
Quarter
           
Ended
  High   Low   Dividends
 
3/31/2010
  $ 10.89     $ 8.44     $0.085 Cash Dividend
6/30/2010
  $ 11.85     $ 9.00     $0.085 Cash Dividend
9/30/2010
  $ 10.99     $ 6.61     $0.085 Cash Dividend
12/31/2010
  $ 8.93     $ 7.30     $0.085 Cash Dividend
3/31/2009
  $ 12.11     $ 5.31     $0.085 Cash Dividend
6/30/2009
  $ 7.77     $ 5.69     $0.085 Cash Dividend
9/30/2009
  $ 8.70     $ 4.90     $0.085 Cash Dividend
12/31/2009
  $ 9.00     $ 6.93     $0.085 Cash Dividend
 
For information on the statutory and regulatory limitations on the ability of the Company to pay dividends to its shareholders and on the Bank to pay dividends to the Company, see “Item 1. Business-Regulation and Supervision — Dividends” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Cash Flow”.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
On July 16, 2008, our Board of Directors approved a program to repurchase up to 10,000,000 shares of our common stock. As of December 31, 2010, we have the authority to repurchase up to 9,400,000 shares of our common stock (such number will not be adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, and the like) in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, at times and at prices considered appropriate by us, depending upon prevailing market conditions and other corporate and legal considerations. In August 2010, we repurchased 600,000 shares of our common stock at a cost of $4.8 million. There is no expiration date for our current stock repurchase program.


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Performance Graph
 
The following Performance Graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or be “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each as amended, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.
 
The following graph compares the yearly percentage change in CVB Financial Corp.’s cumulative total shareholder return (stock price appreciation plus reinvested dividends) on common stock (i) the cumulative total return of the Nasdaq Composite Index; and (ii) a published index comprised by Morningstar (formerly Hemscott, Inc.) of banks and bank holding companies in the Pacific region (the industry group line depicted below). The graph assumes an initial investment of $100 on January 1, 2006, and reinvestment of dividends through December 31, 2010. Points on the graph represent the performance as of the last business day of each of the years indicated. The graph is not necessarily indicative of future price performance.
 
COMPARISON OF CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH)
 
ASSUMES $100 INVESTED ON JAN. 01, 2006
ASSUMES DIVIDEND REINVESTED
FISCAL YEAR ENDING DEC. 31, 2010
 
                                                             
 Company/Market/Peer Group     12/31/2005     12/31/2006     12/31/2007     12/31/2008     12/31/2009     12/31/2010
CVB Financial Corporation
    $ 100.00       $ 90.78       $ 73.45       $ 87.91       $ 66.96       $ 69.78  
NASDAQ Market Index
    $ 100.00       $ 110.25       $ 121.88       $ 73.10       $ 106.22       $ 125.36  
Morningstar Group Index
    $ 100.00       $ 104.33       $ 74.86       $ 51.29       $ 46.70       $ 120.16  
                                                             


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ITEM 6.   SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
The following table reflects selected financial information at and for the five years ended December 31. Throughout the past five years, the Company has acquired other banks. This may affect the comparability of the data.
 
                                         
    At December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (Dollars in thousands except per share amounts)  
 
Interest Income
  $ 317,289     $ 310,759     $ 332,518     $ 341,277     $ 316,091  
Interest Expense
    57,972       88,495       138,839       180,135       147,464  
                                         
Net Interest Income
    259,317       222,264       193,679       161,142       168,627  
                                         
Provision for Credit Losses
    61,200       80,500       26,600       4,000       3,000  
Other Operating Income
    57,114       81,071       34,457       31,325       33,258  
Other Operating Expenses
    168,492       133,586       115,788       105,404       95,824  
                                         
Earnings Before Income Taxes
    86,739       89,249       85,748       83,063       103,061  
Income Taxes
    23,804       23,830       22,675       22,479       32,481  
                                         
NET EARNINGS
  $ 62,935     $ 65,419     $ 63,073     $ 60,584     $ 70,580  
                                         
Basic Earnings Per Common Share(1)
  $ 0.59     $ 0.56     $ 0.75     $ 0.72     $ 0.84  
                                         
Diluted Earnings Per Common Share(1)
  $ 0.59     $ 0.56     $ 0.75     $ 0.72     $ 0.83  
                                         
Cash Dividends Declared Per Common Share
  $ 0.340     $ 0.340     $ 0.340     $ 0.340     $ 0.355  
                                         
Cash Dividends paid on Common Shares
    36,103       32,228       28,317       28,479       27,876  
Dividend Pay-Out Ratio(3)
    57.37 %     49.26 %     44.90 %     47.01 %     39.50 %
Weighted Average Common Shares(1):
                                       
Basic
    105,879,779       92,955,172       83,120,817       83,600,316       84,154,216  
Diluted
    106,125,761       93,055,801       83,335,503       84,005,941       84,813,875  
Common Stock Data:
                                       
Common shares outstanding at year end(1)
    106,075,576       106,263,511       83,270,263       83,164,906       84,281,722  
Book Value Per Share(1)
  $ 6.07     $ 6.01     $ 5.92     $ 5.11     $ 4.60  
Financial Position:
                                       
Assets
  $ 6,436,691     $ 6,739,769     $ 6,649,651     $ 6,293,963     $ 6,092,248  
Investment Securities available-for-sale
    1,791,558       2,108,463       2,493,476       2,390,566       2,582,902  
Net Non-Covered Loans
    3,268,469       3,499,455       3,682,878       3,462,095       3,042,459  
Net Covered Loans(6)
    374,012       470,634                    
Deposits
    4,518,828       4,438,654       3,508,156       3,364,349       3,406,808  
Borrowings
    1,095,578       1,488,250       2,345,473       2,339,809       2,139,250  
Junior Subordinated debentures
    115,055       115,055       115,055       115,055       108,250  
Stockholders’ Equity
    643,855       638,228       614,892       424,948       387,325  
Equity-to-Assets Ratio(2)
    10.00 %     9.47 %     9.25 %     6.75 %     6.36 %


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    At December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (Dollars in thousands except per share amounts)  
 
Financial Performance:
                                       
Net Income to Beginning Equity
    9.86 %     10.64 %     14.84 %     15.64 %     20.63 %
Net Income to Average Equity (ROE)
    9.40 %     10.00 %     13.75 %     15.00 %     19.45 %
Net Income to Average Assets (ROA)
    0.93 %     0.98 %     0.99 %     1.00 %     1.22 %
Net Interest Margin (TE)(4)
    4.47 %     3.75 %     3.41 %     3.03 %     3.30 %
Efficiency Ratio(5)
    66.02 %     59.95 %     57.45 %     55.93 %     48.18 %
Credit Quality (Non-covered Loans):
                                       
Allowance for Credit Losses
  $ 105,259     $ 108,924     $ 53,960     $ 33,049     $ 27,737  
Allowance/Net Non-Covered Loans
    3.12 %     3.02 %     1.44 %     0.95 %     0.90 %
Total Non-Covered Non-Accrual Loans
  $ 157,020     $ 69,779     $ 17,684     $ 1,435     $  
Non-Covered Non-Accrual Loans/Total Non-Covered Loans
    4.80 %     1.93 %     0.47 %     0.04 %     0.00 %
Allowance/Non-Covered Non-Accrual Loans
    67.04 %     156.10 %     305.13 %     2,303 %      
Net (Recoveries)/Charge-offs
  $ (658 )   $ 25,536     $ 5,689     $ 1,358     $ (1,533 )
Net (Recoveries)/Charge-Offs/Average Loans
    1.86 %     0.68 %     0.16 %     0.04 %     (0.05 )%
Regulatory Capital Ratios
                                       
For the Company:
                                       
Leverage Ratio
    10.6 %     9.6 %     9.8 %     7.6 %     7.8 %
Tier 1 Capital
    16.6 %     14.9 %     14.2 %     11.0 %     12.2 %
Total Capital
    18.0 %     16.3 %     15.5 %     12.0 %     13.0 %
For the Bank:
                                       
Leverage Ratio
    10.5 %     9.6 %     9.7 %     7.1 %     7.0 %
Tier 1 Capital
    16.6 %     14.9 %     13.9 %     10.5 %     11.0 %
Total Capital
    17.8 %     16.2 %     15.2 %     11.3 %     11.8 %
 
 
(1) All per share information has been retroactively adjusted to reflect the 10% stock dividend declared December 20, 2006 and paid January 19, 2007 and the 5-for-4 stock split declared on December 21, 2005, which became effective January 10, 2006. Cash dividends declared per share are not restated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
 
(2) Stockholders’ equity divided by total assets.
 
(3) Cash dividends on common stock divided by net earnings.
 
(4) Net interest income (TE) divided by total average earning assets
 
(5) Noninterest expense divided by total revenue (net interest income, after provision for credit losses, and other operating income).
 
(6) Covered loans are those loans acquired from SJB and covered by a loss sharing agreement with the FDIC.

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ITEM 7.   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND THE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
GENERAL
 
Management’s discussion and analysis is written to provide greater detail of the results of operations and the financial condition of CVB Financial Corp. and its subsidiaries. This analysis should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements contained within this report including the notes thereto.
 
OVERVIEW
 
We are a bank holding company with one bank subsidiary, Citizens Business Bank. We have three other inactive subsidiaries: CVB Ventures, Inc.; Chino Valley Bancorp and ONB Bancorp. We are also the common stockholder of CVB Statutory Trust I, CVB Statutory Trust II and CVB Statutory Trust III which were formed to issue trust preferred securities in order to increase the capital of the Company. Through our acquisition of First Coastal Bancshares (“FCB”) in June 2007, we acquired FCB Capital II. We are based in Ontario, California in what is known as the “Inland Empire”. Our geographical market area encompasses the City of Stockton (the middle of the Central Valley) in the center of California to the City of Laguna Beach (in Orange County) in the southern portion of California. Our mission is to offer the finest financial products and services to professionals and businesses in our market area.
 
Our primary source of income is from the interest earned on our loans and investments and our primary area of expense is the interest paid on deposits and borrowings, and salaries and benefits expense. As such our net income is subject to fluctuations in interest rates which impact our income statement. We are also subject to competition from other financial institutions, which may affect our pricing of products and services, and the fees and interest rates we can charge on them.
 
Economic conditions in our California service area impact our business. We have seen a significant decline in the housing market resulting in slower growth in construction loans. Unemployment is high in our market areas and areas of our marketplace have been significantly impacted by adverse economic conditions, both nationally and in California. Approximately 21% of our total non-covered loan portfolio of $3.4 billion is located in the Inland Empire region of California. The balance of the portfolio is from outside of this region. Our provision for credit losses for 2010, which was lower than our provision for credit losses for 2009, reflects a decrease in the rate of growth of our classified loans from 2009 to 2010 as compared from 2008 to 2009. We continued to see the impact of deteriorating economic conditions on our loan portfolio. Continued weaknesses in the local and state economy, including the effects of the high unemployment rate, could adversely affect us through diminished loan demand, credit quality deterioration, and increases in loan delinquencies and defaults.
 
Over the past few years, we have been active in both acquisitions and organic growth. Since 2000, we have acquired five banks and a leasing company, and we have opened four de novo branches: Bakersfield, Fresno, Madera, and Stockton, California. We also opened five Commercial Banking Centers since 2008. In October 2009, we acquired SJB in an FDIC-assisted acquisition. Through this acquisition, we acquired $489.1 million in loans, $25.3 million in investment securities, $530.0 million in deposits, and $121.4 million in borrowings. The foregoing amounts were reflected at fair value as of the acquisition date in our consolidated financial statements. The acquisition has been accounted for under the purchase accounting method which resulted in an after-tax gain of $12.3 million which is included in 2009 earnings. The gain is based on fair values. The determination of fair values and calculation of after-tax gain is described more fully in Note 2 — Federally Assisted Acquisition of San Joaquin Bank in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
 
We will continue to consider both organic growth and acquisition opportunities in the future, including FDIC-assisted acquisitions, which will enable us to meet our business objectives and enhance shareholder value.
 
In connection with the acquisition of SJB, the Bank entered into a loss sharing agreement with the FDIC, whereby the FDIC will cover a substantial portion of any future losses on certain acquired assets from SJB. The acquired assets subject to the loss sharing agreement are referred to herein collectively as “covered assets,” which


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consist of OREO and loans. The loans we acquired are referred to herein as “covered loans”. Under the terms of such loss sharing agreement, the FDIC will absorb 80% of losses and share in 80% of loss recoveries up to $144.0 million with respect to covered assets, after a first loss amount of $26.7 million, which is assumed by the Company. The FDIC will reimburse the Bank for 95% of losses and share in 95% of loss recoveries in excess of $144.0 million with respect to covered assets. The loss sharing agreement is in effect for 5 years for commercial loans and 10 years for single-family residential loans from the October 16, 2009 acquisition date and the loss recovery provisions are in effect for 8 and 10 years, respectively, for commercial and single-family residential loans from the acquisition date.
 
Our net interest income before provision for credit losses of $259.3 million in 2010, increased by $37.1 million or 16.67%, compared to net interest income before provision for credit losses of $222.3 million for 2009. The Bank has always had an excellent base of interest free deposits primarily due to our specialization in businesses and professionals as customers. As of December 31, 2010, 37.7% of our deposits are interest-free. This, accompanied by a decreasing interest rate environment, has allowed us to have a low cost of deposits, currently 0.40% for 2010, which contributed to a reduction in interest expense for 2010 compared to the same period last year.
 
Our net income decreased to $62.9 million in 2010 compared with $65.4 million in 2009, a decrease of $2.5 million or 3.80%. The decrease is primarily the result of an increase in other operating expenses and a decrease in other operating income, offset by declines in interest expense and the provision for credit losses.
 
Diluted earnings per common share increased $0.03 to $0.59 in 2010 from $0.56 in 2009. This increase was primarily due to no TARP preferred stock dividends in 2010 following $12.8 million in TARP preferred stock dividends and discount amortization in 2009. Dividends of $217 thousand in 2010 were for restricted common stock. In addition, July 2009 saw an increase in the number of our outstanding shares of common stock as a result of our completion of an underwritten stock offering, in which we received $132.5 million in gross proceeds ($126.1 million net proceeds). The net proceeds were used, along with other funds, to repurchase the preferred stock and outstanding warrant issued to the United States Treasury as part of our participation in the Capital Purchase Program.
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
 
Critical accounting estimates are defined as those that are reflective of significant judgments and uncertainties, and could potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. We believe that our most critical accounting estimates upon which our financial condition depends, and which involve the most complex or subjective decisions or assessment, are as follows:
 
Allowance for Credit Losses:  Arriving at an appropriate level of allowance for credit losses involves a high degree of judgment. Our allowance for credit losses provides for probable losses based upon evaluations of known and inherent risks in the loan and lease portfolio. The determination of the balance in the allowance for credit losses is based on an analysis of the loan and lease finance receivables portfolio using a systematic methodology and reflects an amount that, in our judgment, is adequate to provide for probable credit losses inherent in the portfolio, after giving consideration to the character of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions, past credit loss experience, and such other factors as deserve current recognition in estimating inherent credit losses. The provision for credit losses is charged to expense. For a full discussion of our methodology of assessing the adequacy of the allowance for credit losses, see “Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation — Risk Management”.
 
Investment Portfolio:  The classification and accounting for investment securities are discussed in detail in Note 3 — Investment Securities, of the consolidated financial statements presented elsewhere in this report. Investment securities generally must be classified as held-to-maturity, available-for-sale, or trading. The appropriate classification is based partially on our ability to hold the securities to maturity and largely on management’s intentions with respect to either holding or selling the securities. The classification of investment securities is significant since it directly impacts the accounting for unrealized gains and losses on securities. Unrealized gains and losses on trading securities flow directly through earnings during the periods in which they arise. Investment securities that are classified as held-to-maturity are recorded at


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amortized cost. Unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are recorded as a separate component of stockholders’ equity (accumulated other comprehensive income or loss) and do not affect earnings until realized or are deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired. The fair values of investment securities are generally determined by reference to an independent external pricing service provider who has experience in valuing these securities. In obtaining such valuation information from third parties, the Company has evaluated the methodologies used to develop the resulting fair values. The Company performs a monthly analysis on the broker quotes received from third parties to ensure that the prices represent a reasonable estimate of the fair value. The procedures include, but are not limited to, initial and on-going review of third party pricing methodologies, review of pricing trends, and monitoring of trading volumes. Prices from third party pricing services are often unavailable for securities that are rarely traded or are traded only in privately negotiated transactions. As a result, certain securities are priced via independent broker quotations which utilize inputs that may be difficult to corroborate with observable market based data. Additionally, the majority of these independent broker quotations are non-binding.
 
We are obligated to assess, at each reporting date, whether there is an “other-than-temporary” impairment to our investment securities. If we determine that a decline in fair value is other-than-temporary, a credit-related impairment loss is recognized in current earnings. Noncredit-related impairment losses are charged to other comprehensive income. The determination of other-than-temporary impairment is a subjective process, requiring the use of judgments and assumptions. We examine all individual securities that are in an unrealized loss position at each reporting date for other-than-temporary impairment. Specific investment-related factors we examine to assess impairment include the nature of the investment, severity and duration of the loss, the probability that we will be unable to collect all amounts due, an analysis of the issuers of the securities and whether there has been any cause for default on the securities and any change in the rating of the securities by the various rating agencies. Additionally, we evaluate whether the creditworthiness of the issuer calls the realization of contractual cash flows into question. We reexamine the financial resources, intent and the overall ability of the Company to hold the securities until their fair values recover. Management does not believe that there are any investment securities, other than those identified in the current and previous periods, which are deemed to be “other-than-temporarily” impaired as of December 31, 2010.
 
Our investment in Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) stock is carried at cost.
 
Income Taxes:  We account for income taxes using the asset and liability method by deferring income taxes based on estimated future tax effects of differences between the tax and book basis of assets and liabilities considering the provisions of enacted tax laws. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our balance sheets. We must also assess the likelihood that any deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and establish a valuation allowance for those assets determined to not likely be recoverable. Our judgment is required in determining the amount and timing of recognition of the resulting deferred tax assets and liabilities, including projections of future taxable income. Although we have determined a valuation allowance is not required for any of our deferred tax assets, there is no guarantee that these assets are recoverable.
 
Goodwill and Intangible Assets:  We have acquired entire banks and branches of banks. Those acquisitions accounted for under the purchase method of accounting have given rise to goodwill and intangible assets. We record the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their fair value. These fair values are arrived at by use of internal and external valuation techniques. The excess purchase price is allocated to assets and liabilities respectively, resulting in identified intangibles. The identified intangibles are amortized over the estimated lives of the assets or liabilities. Any excess purchase price after this allocation results in goodwill. Goodwill is tested on an annual basis for impairment.
 
Acquired Loans:  Acquired loans are valued as of acquisition date in accordance with ASC 805 Business Combinations, formerly FAS 141R Business Combinations.  Loans purchased with evidence of credit deterioration since origination for which it is probable that all contractually required payments will not be collected are accounted for under ASC 310-30, Loans and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality, formerly SOP 03-3 Accounting for Certain Loans or Debt Securities Acquired in a Transfer. Further, the Company elected to account for all other acquired loans within the scope of ASC 310-30 using the same methodology.


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Under ASC 805 and ASC 310-30, loans are recorded at fair value at acquisition date, factoring in credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of the loan. Accordingly, an allowance for loan losses is not carried over or recorded as of the acquisition date. In situations where loans have similar risk characteristics, loans were aggregated into pools to estimate cash flows under ASC 310-30. A pool is accounted for as a single asset with a single interest rate, cumulative loss rate and cash flow expectation. The Company aggregated non-distressed loans acquired in the FDIC-assisted acquisition of San Joaquin Bank in ten different pools, based on common risk characteristics.
 
Under ASC 310-30, the excess of the expected cash flows at acquisition over the fair value is considered to be the accretable yield and is recognized as interest income over the life of the loan or pool. The excess of the contractual cash flows over the expected cash flows is considered to be the nonaccretable difference. Subsequent to the acquisition date, any increases in cash flow over those expected at purchase date in excess of fair value are recorded as an adjustment to accretable difference on a prospective basis. Any subsequent decreases in cash flow over those expected at purchase date are recognized by recording an allowance for credit losses. Any disposals of loans, including sales of loans, payments in full or foreclosures result in the removal of the loan from the ASC 310-30 portfolio at the allocated carrying amount.
 
Covered Loans:  The majority of the loans acquired in the FDIC-assisted acquisition of San Joaquin Bank are included in a FDIC shared-loss agreement and are referred to as covered loans. Covered loans are reported exclusive of the expected cash flow reimbursements expected from the FDIC. At the date of acquisition, all covered loans were accounted for under ASC 805 and ASC 310-30. Subsequent to acquisition all covered loans are accounted for under ASC 310-30.
 
Covered Other Real Estate Owned:  All other real estate owned acquired in the FDIC-assisted acquisition of SJB are included in a FDIC shared-loss agreement and are referred to as covered other real estate owned. Covered other real estate owned is reported exclusive of expected reimbursement cash flows from the FDIC. Upon transferring covered loan collateral to covered other real estate owned status, acquisition date fair value discounts on the related loan are also transferred to covered other real estate owned. Fair value adjustments on covered other real estate owned result in a reduction of the covered other real estate carrying amount and a corresponding increase in the estimated FDIC reimbursement, with the estimated net loss to the Bank charged against earnings.
 
FDIC Loss Sharing Asset:  In conjunction with the FDIC-assisted acquisition of San Joaquin Bank, the Company entered into a shared-loss agreement with the FDIC for amounts receivable under the shared-loss agreement. At the date of the acquisition the Company elected to account for amounts receivable under the shared-loss agreement as a loss sharing asset in accordance with ASC 805. Subsequent to the acquisition the loss sharing asset is adjusted for payments received and changes in estimates of expected losses and is not being accounted for under fair value. The loss estimates used in calculating the FDIC loss sharing asset are determined on the same basis as the related covered loans and is the present value of the cash flows the Company expects to collect from the FDIC under the shared-loss agreement. The difference between the present value and the undiscounted cash flow the Company expects to collect from the FDIC is accreted into noninterest income over the life of the FDIC indemnification asset. The FDIC indemnification asset is adjusted for any changes in expected cash flows based on the loan performance. Any increases in cash flow of the loans over those expected will reduce the FDIC indemnification asset and any decreases in cash flow of the loans over those expected will increase the FDIC indemnification asset. Increase and decreases to the FDIC indemnification asset are recorded as adjustments to other operating income.
 
Other Real Estate Owned:  Other real estate owned (“OREO”) represents properties acquired through foreclosure or through full or partial satisfaction of loans, is considered held for sale, and is recorded at the lower of cost or estimated fair value at the time of foreclosure. Loan balances in excess of fair value of the real estate acquired at the date of foreclosure are charged against the allowance for credit losses. After foreclosure, valuations are periodically performed as deemed necessary by management and the real estate is carried at the lower of carrying value or fair value less costs to sell. Subsequent declines in the fair value of the OREO below the carrying value are recorded through the use of a valuation allowance by charges to other operating expense. Any subsequent operating expenses or income of such properties are charged to other operating expense or income, respectively. Any declines in value after foreclosure are recorded as OREO expense. Revenue recognition upon disposition of a property is dependent on the sale having met certain criteria relating to the buyer’s initial investment in the property sold.


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The Bank is able and willing to provide financing for entities purchasing loans or OREO assets from the Bank. Our general guideline is to seek an adequate down payment (as a percentage of the purchase price) from the buyer. We will consider lower down payments when this is not possible; however, accounting rules require certain minimum down payments in order to record the profit on sale, if any. The minimum down payment varies by the type of underlying real estate collateral.
 
Goodwill Impairment:  Under ASC 350 (previously SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangibles), goodwill must be allocated to reporting units and tested for impairment. The Company tests goodwill for impairment at least annually or more frequently if events or circumstances, such as adverse changes in the business, indicate that there may be justification for conducting an interim test. Impairment testing is performed at the reporting-unit level (which is the same level as the Company’s two major operating segments identified in Note 21 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements presented elsewhere in this report). Under the market approach utilized, the fair value is calculated using the current fair values of comparable peer banks of similar size, geographic footprint and focus. The market capitalization and multiple was used to calculate the market price of the Company and each reporting unit. The fair value was also subject to a control premium adjustment, which is the cost savings that a purchase of the reporting unit could achieve by eliminating duplicative costs. If the fair value is less than the carrying value, then the second part of the test is needed to measure the amount of goodwill impairment. The implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill is calculated and compared to the actual carrying value of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. If the carrying value of reporting unit goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill, then the Company would recognize an impairment loss for the amount of the difference, which would be recorded as a charge against net income. For additional information regarding goodwill, see Note 20 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements presented elsewhere in this report.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments:  The Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820 (previously SFAS No. 157, Fair Value Measurements), on January 1, 2008. This standard provides a definition of fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and requires expanded disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is the price that could be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. Based on the observability of the inputs used in the valuation techniques, we classify our financial assets and liabilities measured and disclosed at fair value in accordance within the three-level hierarchy (e.g., Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3). Fair value determination requires that we make a number of significant judgments. In determining the fair value of financial instruments, we use market prices of the same or similar instruments whenever such prices are available. We do not use prices involving distressed sellers in determining fair value. If observable market prices are unavailable or impracticable to obtain, then fair value is estimated using modeling techniques such as discounted cash flow analyses. These modeling techniques incorporate our assessments regarding assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or the liability, including assumptions about the risks inherent in a particular valuation technique and the risk of nonperformance.
 
Fair value is used on a recurring basis for certain assets and liabilities in which fair value is the primary basis of accounting. Additionally, fair value is used on a non-recurring basis to evaluate assets or liabilities for impairment or for disclosure purposes in accordance with ASC 825 (previously SFAS No. 107, Disclosures About Fair Value of Financial Instruments).


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ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following table summarizes net earnings, earnings per common share, and key financial ratios for the periods indicated.
 
                         
    For the Years Ended December 31,
    2010   2009   2008
    (Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Net earnings
  $ 62,935     $ 65,419     $ 63,073  
Earnings per common share:
                       
Basic(1)
  $ 0.59     $ 0.56     $ 0.75  
Diluted(1)
  $ 0.59     $ 0.56     $ 0.75  
Return on average assets
    0.93 %     0.98 %     0.99 %
Return on average shareholders’ equity
    9.40 %     10.00 %     13.75 %
 
 
(1) Of the decrease in earnings and diluted earnings per common share for 2009, $0.14 is due to the preferred stock dividend and discount amortization and $0.07 is due to the increase in weighted common shares outstanding as a result of our capital offering.
 
Earnings
 
We reported net earnings of $62.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. This represented a decrease of $2.5 million, or 3.80%, from net earnings of $65.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Net earnings for 2009 increased $2.3 million to $65.4 million, or 3.72%, from net earnings of $63.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. Basic and diluted earnings per common share were $0.59 in 2010, as compared to $0.56 in 2009, and $0.75 in 2008.
 
The decrease in net earnings for 2010 compared to 2009 was primarily the result of an increase in other operating expenses including prepaying $350.0 million in borrowings which resulted in an $18.7 million prepayment penalty, a $6.3 million increase in professional fees and a $6.3 million increase in OREO expense. In addition there was a decrease in other operating income due to several causes. Gain on sales of securities increased $10.5 million in 2010 over 2009. However, this was offset by a $15.9 million reduction in the SJB loss-sharing asset. In addition, 2009 had a $21.1 million gain from the SJB acquisition. These three items resulted in a $26.5 million reduction in other operating income. The provision for credit losses decreased $19.3 million in 2010 from 2009.
 
The increase in net earnings for 2009 compared to 2008 of $2.3 million was primarily the result of an increase in net interest income before provision for credit losses of $28.6 million, gain on sale of investment securities of $28.4 million, gain on acquisition of SJB of $21.1 million, offset by an increase in loan loss provision of $53.9 million and other operating expenses of $17.8 million.
 
For 2010, our return on average assets was 0.93%, compared to 0.98% for 2009, and 0.99% for 2008. Our return on average stockholders’ equity was 9.40% for 2010, compared to a return of 10.00% for 2009, and 13.75% for 2008. The decrease in return on average assets is due to an increase in total average assets in both 2010 and 2009 from 2008 as well as the impact of the general economic environment affecting interest rates, credit quality and loan demand. The decrease in return on average stockholders’ equity is due to the dividends paid on outstanding preferred stock during 2009 and 2008, plus the increase in common stock from the capital stock offering in 2009.
 
Net Interest Income
 
The principal component of our earnings is net interest income, which is the difference between the interest and fees earned on loans and investments (earning assets) and the interest paid on deposits and borrowed funds (interest-bearing liabilities). Net interest margin is the taxable-equivalent of net interest income as a percentage of average earning assets for the period. The level of interest rates and the volume and mix of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities impact net interest income and net interest margin. The net interest spread is the yield on average earning assets minus the cost of average interest-bearing liabilities. Our net interest income, interest spread,


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and net interest margin are sensitive to general business and economic conditions. These conditions include short-term and long-term interest rates, inflation, monetary supply, and the strength of the economy, in general, and the local economies in which we conduct business. Our ability to manage net interest income during changing interest rate environments will have a significant impact on our overall performance. Our balance sheet is slightly liability-sensitive; meaning interest-bearing liabilities will generally reprice more quickly than earning assets. Therefore, our net interest margin is likely to decrease in sustained periods of rising interest rates and increase in sustained periods of declining interest rates. We manage net interest income through affecting changes in the mix of earning assets as well as the mix of interest-bearing liabilities, changes in the level of interest-bearing liabilities in proportion to earning assets, and in the growth of earning assets.
 
Our net interest income, before provision for credit losses totaled $259.3 million for 2010. This represented an increase of $37.1 million, or 16.67%, over net interest income of $222.3 million for 2009. Net interest income for 2009 increased $28.6 million, or 14.76%, over net interest income of $193.7 million for 2008. The increase in net interest income of $37.1 million for 2010 resulted from a decrease of $30.5 million in interest expense plus an increase of $6.5 million in interest income. The decrease in interest expense of $30.5 million resulted from the decrease in average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities to 1.33% in 2010 from 1.97% in 2009, and a decrease in average interest-bearing liabilities of $117.8 million. The increase of $6.5 million in interest income resulted from the increase in the average yield on interest-earning assets to 5.43% in 2010 from 5.17% in 2009, offset by a decrease of $197.1 million in average interest-earning assets. The increase in yield on interest-earning assets was impacted by $26.7 million in accelerated accretion on SJB acquired loans. Excluding the accelerated accretion, the yield in interest-earning assets would have been 4.86%.
 
The increase in net interest income before provision for credit losses of $28.6 million for 2009 as compared to 2008 resulted from a decrease of $50.3 million in interest expense partially offset by a $21.7 million decrease in interest income. The decrease in interest expense of $50.3 million resulted from the decrease in average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities to 1.97% in 2009 from 3.01% in 2008, and a decrease in average interest-bearing liabilities of $116.9 million. The decrease of $21.7 million in interest income resulted from the decrease in the average yield on interest-earning assets to 5.17% in 2009 from 5.71% in 2008, offset by an increase of $194.3 million in average interest-earning assets.
 
Interest income totaled $317.3 million for 2010. This represented an increase of $6.5 million, or 2.10%, compared to total interest income of $310.8 million for 2009. The increase in total interest income during 2010 from 2009 was primarily due to the increase in yields from 5.17% in 2009 to 5.43% in 2010, partially offset by the decrease in average earning assets of $197.1 million.
 
Interest income totaled $310.8 million for 2009. This represented a decrease of $21.8 million, or 6.54%, compared to total interest income of $332.5 for 2008. The decrease in total interest income during 2009 from 2008 was primarily due to the decrease in interest rates, partially offset by the growth in average earning assets.
 
Interest income includes dividends earned on our investment in FHLB capital stock. For the year ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, dividends earned on FHLB stock totaled $324,000, $195,000, and $4.6 million, respectively. The FHLB announced that there can be no assurance that the FHLB will pay dividends at the same rate it has paid in the past, or that it will pay any dividends in the future, which, in both cases, would adversely affect our interest income as compared to prior periods.
 
Interest expense totaled $58.0 million for 2010. This represented a decrease of $30.5 million, or 34.49%, from total interest expense of $88.5 million for 2009. For 2009, total interest expense decreased $50.3 million, or 36.26%, from total interest expense of $138.8 million for 2008. The decrease in interest expense in 2010 from 2009 was due to the decrease in interest rates on interest bearing liabilities from 1.97% in 2009 to 1.33% in 2010, plus a $117.8 million decrease in average interest bearing liabilities. The decrease in interest expense in 2009 from 2008 was due to a decrease in interest rates on interest-bearing liabilities from 3.01% in 2008 to 1.97% in 2009, plus a $116.9 million decrease in average interest-bearing liabilities.


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Table 1 represents the composition of average interest-earning assets and average interest-bearing liabilities by category for the periods indicated, including the changes in average balance, composition, and yield/rate between these respective periods:
 
TABLE 1 — Distribution of Average Assets, Liabilities, and Stockholders’ Equity; Interest Rates and Interest Differentials
 
                                                                         
    Twelve-Month Period Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    Average
          Average
    Average
          Average
    Average
          Average
 
    Balance     Interest     Yield/Rate     Balance     Interest     Yield/Rate     Balance     Interest     Yield/Rate  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
ASSETS
Investment Securities
                                                                       
Taxable
  $ 1,318,601     $ 49,720       3.78 %   $ 1,652,509     $ 76,798       4.67 %   $ 1,766,754     $ 86,930       4.97 %
Tax preferenced(1)
    651,811       25,394       5.51 %     675,273       27,329       5.71 %     675,309       28,371       5.91 %
Investment in FHLB stock
    93,461       324       0.35 %     93,989       195       0.21 %     89,601       4,552       5.08 %
Federal Funds Sold & Interest Bearing Deposits with other institutions
    64,437       1,125       1.75 %     76,274       358       0.47 %     1,086       39       3.59 %
Loans HFS
    3,078       54       1.75 %     153       5       3.27 %                 0.00 %
Yield adjustment to interest income from discount accretion
    (162,667 )     26,740                                            
Loans(2)(3)
    4,067,702       213,932       5.26 %     3,735,339       206,074       5.52 %     3,506,510       212,626       6.06 %
                                                                         
Total Earning Assets
    6,036,423       317,289       5.43 %     6,233,537       310,759       5.17 %     6,039,260       332,518       5.71 %
Total Non Earning Assets
    735,394                       408,945                       355,653                  
                                                                         
Total Assets
  $ 6,771,817                     $ 6,642,482                     $ 6,394,913                  
                                                                         
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Savings Deposits(4)
  $ 1,698,628     $ 9,947       0.59 %   $ 1,366,355     $ 10,336       0.76 %   $ 1,238,810     $ 16,413       1.32 %
Time Deposits
    1,188,878       8,306       0.70 %     1,195,378       14,620       1.22 %     769,827       19,388       2.52 %
                                                                         
Total Deposits
    2,887,506       18,253       0.63 %     2,561,733       24,956       0.97 %     2,008,637       35,801       1.78 %
Other Borrowings
    1,484,356       39,719       2.68 %     1,927,923       63,539       3.30 %     2,597,943       103,038       3.97 %
                                                                         
Interest Bearing Liabilities
    4,371,862       57,972       1.33 %     4,489,656       88,495       1.97 %     4,606,580       138,839       3.01 %
                                                                         
Non-interest bearing deposits
    1,669,611                       1,431,204                       1,268,548                  
Other Liabilities
    61,021                       67,741                       61,119                  
Stockholders’ Equity
    669,323                       653,881                       458,666                  
                                                                         
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
  $ 6,771,817                     $ 6,642,482                     $ 6,394,913                  
                                                                         
Net interest income
          $ 259,317                     $ 222,264                     $ 193,679          
                                                                         
Net interest spread — tax equivalent
                    4.10 %                     3.20 %                     2.70 %
Net interest margin
                    4.30 %                     3.57 %                     3.22 %
Net interest margin — tax equivalent
                    4.47 %                     3.75 %                     3.41 %
Net interest margin excluding loan fees
                    4.25 %                     3.52 %                     3.13 %
Net interest margin excluding loan fees — tax equivalent
                    4.43 %                     3.70 %                     3.32 %
 
 
(1) Non tax-equivalent rate was 3.90% for 2010, 4.06% for 2009, 4.20% for 2008
 
(2) Loan fees are included in total interest income as follows, (000)s omitted: 2010, $2,646; 2009, $3,197; 2008, $5,399
 
(3) Non-performing, non-covered loans are included in net loans as follows: 2010, $157 million; 2009, $69.8 million ; 2008, $17.7 million
 
(4) Includes interest bearing demand and money market accounts


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As stated above, the net interest margin measures net interest income as a percentage of average earning assets. Our tax effected (TE) net interest margin was 4.47% for 2010, compared to 3.75% for 2009, and 3.41% for 2008. The increase in the net interest margin in 2010 and 2009 was primarily the result of changes in the mix of assets and liabilities as discussed in the following paragraphs and $26.7 million from the yield adjustment to loan interest income from discount accretion. Generally, as the bank is liability sensitive, our net interest margin improves in a decreasing interest rate environment as our deposits and borrowings reprice much faster than our loans and securities.
 
The net interest spread is the difference between the yield on average earning assets less the cost of average interest-bearing liabilities. The net interest spread is an indication of our ability to manage interest rates received on loans and investments and paid on deposits and borrowings in a competitive and changing interest rate environment. Our net interest spread (TE) was 4.10% for 2010, 3.20% for 2009, and 2.70% for 2008. The increase in the net interest spread for 2010 as compared to 2009 resulted from a 64 basis point decrease in the cost of interest-bearing liabilities plus a 26 basis point increase in the yield on earning assets, thus generating a 90 basis point increase in the net interest spread. The decrease in rates during 2010 had a smaller impact on our assets since a majority of our assets are fixed rate; while deposits and borrowings benefited us due to rate decreases. The increase in the net interest spread for 2009 as compared to 2008 resulted from a 104 basis point decrease in the cost of interest-bearing liabilities offset by a 54 basis point decrease in the yield on earning assets, thus generating a 50 basis point increase in the net interest spread.
 
The yield (TE) on earning assets increased to 5.43% for 2010, from 5.17% for 2009, and reflects a change in the mix of earning assets and a $26.7 million accelerated accretion on SJB acquired loans. Investments as a percent of earning assets decreased to 32.64% in 2010 from 37.34% in 2009 while average gross loans as a percent of earning assets increased to 64.69% in 2010 from 59.92% in 2009. The yield on loans for 2010 increased to 6.16% compared to 5.52% for 2009. The yield on investments for 2010 decreased to 4.35% as compared to 4.98% in 2009. The yield on loans for 2009 decreased to 5.52% as compared to 6.06% for 2008. The yield on investments for 2009 decreased to 4.98% as compared to 5.23% in 2008. The yield (TE) on earning assets decreased to 5.17% for 2009, from 5.71% for 2008, and reflects a decreasing interest rate environment and a change in the mix of earning assets. Investments as a percent of earning assets decreased to 37.34% in 2009 from 40.44% in 2008. The yield on loans for 2009 decreased to 5.52% as compared to 6.06% for 2008. The yield on investments for 2009 decreased slightly to 4.98% as compared to 5.23% in 2008.
 
Interest discount accretion from SJB covered loans increased the yield on loans by 90 basis points, the yield on earning assets increased by 57 basis points and the net interest margin (TE) increased by 55 basis points in 2010.
 
The cost of average interest-bearing liabilities decreased to 1.33% for 2010 as compared to 1.97% for 2009 and 3.01% for 2008. These variations reflected the decreasing interest rate environment in 2010 and 2009, as well as the change in the mix of interest-bearing liabilities. Borrowings as a percent of interest-bearing liabilities decreased to 33.95% for 2010 as compared to 42.94% for 2009 and 56.40% for 2008. Borrowings typically have a higher cost than interest-bearing deposits. The cost of interest-bearing deposits for 2010 was 0.63% as compared to 0.97% for 2009 and 1.78% for 2008, reflecting a decreasing interest rate environment in 2010 and 2009. The cost of borrowings for 2010 was 2.68% as compared to 3.30% for 2009, and 3.97% for 2008, also reflecting the same fluctuating interest rate environment as well as maturity and early extinguishment of borrowings. The Dodd-Frank Act allows interest to be paid on demand deposits starting in July 2011. Our interest expense will increase and our net interest margin will decrease if the Bank begins offering interest on demand deposits to attract additional customers or maintain current customers, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, net income and results of operations. Currently, the only deposits for which we pay interest on are savings, NOW, Money Market and TCD Accounts.
 
Table 2 presents a comparison of interest income and interest expense resulting from changes in the volumes and rates on average earning assets and average interest-bearing liabilities for the years indicated. Changes in interest income or expense attributable to volume changes are calculated by multiplying the change in volume by the initial average interest rate. The change in interest income or expense attributable to changes in interest rates is calculated by multiplying the change in interest rate by the initial volume. The changes attributable to interest rate and volume changes are calculated by multiplying the change in rate times the change in volume.


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TABLE 2 — Rate and Volume Analysis for Changes in Interest Income, Interest Expense and Net Interest Income
 
                                                                 
    Comparison of Twelve Months Ended December 31,  
    2010 Compared to 2009
    2009 Compared to 2008
 
    Increase (Decrease) Due to     Increase (Decrease) Due to  
                Rate/
                      Rate/
       
    Volume     Rate     Volume     Total     Volume     Rate     Volume     Total  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Interest Income:
                                                               
Taxable investment securities
  $ (15,287 )   $ (14,623 )   $ 2,832     $ (27,078 )   $ (5,359 )   $ (5,251 )   $ 477     $ (10,133 )
Tax-advantaged securities
    (1,301 )     (670 )     36       (1,935 )     (62 )     (986 )     7       (1,041 )
Fed funds sold & interest-bearing deposits with other institutions
    (56 )     976       (153 )     767       2,699       (34 )     (2,346 )     319  
Investment in FHLB stock
    (1 )     132       (2 )     129       223       (4,364 )     (216 )     (4,357 )
Loans HFS
    96       (2 )     (45 )     49                   5       5  
Yield adjustment to interest income from discount accretion
                26,740       26,740                                  
Loans
    18,346       (9,712 )     (776 )     7,858       13,829       (18,883 )     (1,499 )     (6,553 )
                                                                 
Total interest on earning assets
    1,797       (23,899 )     28,632       6,530       11,330       (29,518 )     (3,572 )     (21,760 )
                                                                 
Interest Expense:
                                                               
Savings deposits
    2,525       (2,323 )     (591 )     (389 )     1,679       (6,918 )     (804 )     (6,043 )
Time deposits
    (79 )     (6,216 )     (19 )     (6,314 )     10,695       (9,980 )     (5,517 )     (4,802 )
Other borrowings
    (14,841 )     (12,119 )     3,140       (23,820 )     (26,969 )     (17,648 )     5,118       (39,499 )
                                                                 
Total interest on interest-bearing liabilities
    (12,395 )     (20,658 )     2,530       (30,523 )     (14,595 )     (34,546 )     (1,203 )     (50,344 )
                                                                 
Net Interest Income
  $ 14,192     $ (3,241 )   $ 26,102     $ 37,053     $ 25,925     $ 5,028     $ (2,369 )   $ 28,584  
                                                                 
 
Interest and Fees on Loans
 
Our major source of revenue is interest and fees on loans, which totaled $240.7 million for 2010. This represented an increase of $34.6 million, or 16.81%, from interest and fees on loans of $206.1 million for 2009. For 2009, interest and fees on loans decreased $6.5 million, or 3.08%, from interest and fees on loans of $212.6 million for 2008. The increase in interest and fees on loans for 2010 is primarily due to a $26.7 million discount accretion on covered loans acquired from SJB. The discount accretion represents accelerated principle payments on SJB loans and is recorded as a yield adjustment to interest income. The decrease in interest and fees on loans for 2009 reflects the decreases in loan yields, offset by the increases in average loan balances. The yield on loans, including the aforementioned accretion on covered loans acquired from SJB, increased to 6.16% for 2010, compared to 5.52% for 2009 and 6.06% 2008.
 
In general, we stop accruing interest on a loan after its principal or interest becomes 90 days or more past due. When a loan is placed on non-accrual, all interest previously accrued but not collected is charged against earnings. There was no interest income that was accrued and not reversed on non-accrual loans at December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008. As of December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, we had $157.0 million, $69.8 million and $17.7 million of non-covered non-accrual loans, respectively. Had non-covered non-accrual loans for which interest was no longer accruing complied with the original terms and conditions, interest income would have been $5.2 million, $4.1 million and $370,000 greater for 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
Fees collected on loans are an integral part of the loan pricing decision. Net loan fees and the direct costs associated with the origination of loans are deferred and deducted from total loans on our balance sheet. Deferred net loan fees are recognized in interest income over the term of the loan using the effective-yield method. We recognized loan fee income of $2.6 million for 2010, $3.2 million for 2009 and $5.4 million for 2008. The decrease in loan fee income during 2010 was due to a decrease in loan originations as a result of the weakening economy and diminished loan demand.


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Interest on Investments
 
Another component of interest income is interest on investments, which totaled $76.6 million for 2010. This represented a decrease of $28.1 million, or 26.86%, from interest on investments of $104.7 million for 2009. For 2009, interest on investments decreased $15.2 million, or 12.69%, from interest on investments of $119.9 million for 2008. The decrease in interest on investments for 2010 and 2009 reflected the decreases in average balances and decrease in yield on investments. The interest rate environment and the investment strategies we employ directly affect the yield on the investment portfolio. We continually adjust our investment strategies in response to the changing interest rate environments in order to maximize the rate of total return consistent within prudent risk parameters, and to minimize the overall interest rate risk of the Company. The weighted-average TE yield on investments was 4.35% for 2010, 4.98% for 2009 and 5.23% for 2008.
 
Interest on Deposits
 
Interest on deposits totaled $18.3 million for 2010. This represented a decrease of $6.7 million, or 26.86%, from interest on deposits of $25.0 million for 2009. The decrease is due to the decrease in interest rates on deposits offset by an increase in average interest-bearing deposit balances. The cost of interest-bearing deposits decreased to 0.63% in 2010 from 0.97% in 2009 and average interest-bearing deposits increased $325.8 million, or 12.72% from 2009. Interest on deposits decreased in 2009 by $10.8 million, from interest on deposits of $35.8 million during 2008 due to the decrease in interest rates on deposits offset by an increase in average interest-bearing deposit liabilities. Our cost of total deposits was 0.40%, 0.63%, and 1.09% for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively.
 
Interest on Borrowings
 
Interest on borrowings totaled $39.7 million for 2010. This represents a decrease of $23.8 million, or 37.49%, from interest on borrowings of $63.5 million for 2009. The decrease is primarily due to the decrease in average borrowings and decrease in interest rates on borrowings. Average borrowings decreased $443.6 million during 2010 compared to 2009. As a result of the increase in deposits and decrease in investments, it was possible for us to reduce our reliance on borrowed funds. Interest rates on borrowings decreased 62 basis points during 2010 to 2.68% from 3.30% during 2009. Interest on borrowings decreased $39.5 million for 2009, from $103.0 million for 2008. The decrease from 2008 to 2009 is primarily due to the decrease in interest rates on borrowings and a decrease in average borrowings.
 
Provision for Credit Losses
 
We maintain an allowance for inherent credit losses that is increased by a provision for non-covered credit losses charged against operating results. Provision for credit losses is determined by management as the amount to be added to the allowance for credit losses after net charge-offs have been deducted to bring the allowance to an adequate level which, in management’s best estimate, is necessary to absorb probable credit losses within the existing loan portfolio. The nature of this process requires considerable judgment. As such, we made a provision for credit losses on non-covered loans of $61.2 million in 2010, $80.5 million in 2009 and $26.6 million in 2008. We believe the allowance is currently appropriate. The ratio of the allowance for credit losses to total non-covered loans as of December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008 was 3.12%, 3.02% and 1.44%, respectively. No assurance can be given that economic conditions which adversely affect the Company’s service areas or other circumstances will not be reflected in increased provisions for credit losses in the future. The net charge-offs totaled $64.9 million in 2010, $25.5 million in 2009, and $5.7 million in 2008. See “Risk Management — Credit Risk” herein.
 
SJB loans acquired in the FDIC-assisted transaction were initially recorded at their fair value and are covered by a loss sharing agreement with the FDIC. Due to the timing of the acquisition and the October 16, 2009 fair value estimate, there was no provision for credit losses on the covered SJB loans in 2009. In 2010, there was $370,000 in net charge-offs for loans in excess of the amount originally expected in the fair value of the loans at acquisition, resulting in a $370,000 provision for credit losses on the covered SJB loans. An offsetting adjustment was recorded to the FDIC loss-sharing asset based on the appropriate loss-sharing percentage.


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Other Operating Income
 
The components of other operating income were as follows:
 
                         
    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (Dollars in thousands)  
 
Service charges on deposit accounts
  $ 16,745     $ 14,889     $ 15,228  
CitizensTrust
    8,363       6,657       7,926  
Bankcard services
    2,776       2,338       2,329  
BOLI Income
    3,125       2,792       5,000  
Gain on sale of securities
    38,900       28,446        
Increase (reduction) in FDIC loss sharing asset
    (15,856 )     1,398        
Impairment charge on investment security
    (904 )     (323 )      
Other
    3,965       3,752       3,974  
Gain on SJB acquisition
          21,122        
                         
Total other operating income
  $ 57,114     $ 81,071     $ 34,457  
                         
 
Other operating income, totaled $57.1 million for 2010. This represents a decrease of $24.0 million, or 29.55%, over other operating income of $81.1 million in 2009. The decrease is primarily due to a $15.9 million charge for the reduction in the FDIC loss sharing asset, partially offset by a $10.5 million increase in net gains on sales of securities; 2009 results included the $21.1 million gain on the SJB acquisition. The $15.9 million net reduction in the FDIC loss sharing asset for 2010 includes a $21.1 million charge due to resolutions of covered loans with losses less than originally expected at acquisition offset by $5.2 million in accretion income. During 2009, other operating income increased $46.6 million, or 135.28%, from other operating income of $34.5 million for 2008. The increase is primarily due to a $28.4 million gain on sale of securities and a $21.1 million gain on SJB acquisition, offset by decreases in income from CitizensTrust and Bank-Owned Life Insurance (BOLI).
 
During 2010, we sold certain securities and recognized a gain on sale of securities of $38.9 million. We also recognized a $904,000 other-than-temporary impairment on a private-label mortgage-backed investment security, which was charged to other operating income.
 
During 2009, we sold certain securities and recognized a gain on sale of securities of $28.4 million. We also recognized an other-than-temporary impairment on a private-label mortgage-backed investment security of $323,000 charged to other operating income.
 
During the fourth quarter of 2009, we recorded a pre-tax bargain purchase gain of $21.1 million in connection with our acquisition of SJB. For a detailed discussion on this acquisition and calculation of the gain see Note 2 — Federally Assisted Acquisition of San Joaquin Bank in the notes to the consolidated financial statements. This gain represented about 26% other operating income in 2009.
 
CitizensTrust consists of Wealth Management and Investment Services income. The Wealth Management Group provides a variety of services, which include asset management, financial planning, estate planning, retirement planning, private and corporate trustee services, and probate services. Investment Services provides self-directed brokerage, 401-k plans, mutual funds, insurance and other non-insured investment products. CitizensTrust generated fees of $8.4 million in 2010. This represents an increase of $1.7 million, or 25.6% from fees generated of $6.7 million in 2009. This is primarily due to a nearly 10% increase in managed assets and higher margin wealth management accounts replacing lower margin custody accounts. Fees generated by CitizensTrust represented 14.64% of other operating income in 2010, as compared to 8.21% in 2009 and 23.00% in 2008.
 
The Bank invests in Bank-Owned Life Insurance (BOLI). BOLI involves the purchasing of life insurance by the Bank on a chosen group of employees. The Bank is the owner and beneficiary of these policies. BOLI is recorded as an asset at cash surrender value. Increases in the cash value of these policies, as well as insurance proceeds received, are recorded in other operating income and are not subject to income tax, as long as they are held for the life of the covered parties. Bank Owned Life Insurance income totaled $3.1 million in 2010. This represents an increase of $333,000, or 11.93%, from BOLI income generated of $2.8 million for 2009. BOLI income in 2009


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decreased $2.2 million, or 44.16% over BOLI income generated of $5.0 million for 2008, following a $1.0 million death settlement received in 2008
 
Other operating income as a percent of net revenues (net interest income before loan loss provision plus other operating income) was 18.05% for 2010, as compared to 26.73% for 2009 and 15.10% for 2008.
 
Other Operating Expenses
 
The components of other operating expenses were as follows:
 
                         
    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (Dollars in thousands)  
 
Salaries and employee benefits
  $ 69,418     $ 62,985     $ 61,271  
Occupancy
    12,127       11,649       11,813  
Equipment
    7,221       6,712       7,162  
Stationery and supplies
    9,996       6,829       6,913  
Professional services
    13,308       6,965       6,519  
Promotion
    6,084       6,528       6,882  
Amortization of intangibles
    3,732       3,163       3,591  
Provision for unfunded commitments
    2,600       3,750       1,300  
OREO expense
    7,490       1,211       89  
Prepayment penalties on borrowings
    18,663       4,402        
Other
    17,853       19,392       10,248  
                         
Total other operating expenses
  $ 168,492     $ 133,586     $ 115,788  
                         
 
Other operating expenses totaled $168.5 million for 2010. This represents an increase of $34.9 million, or 26.13%, over other operating expenses of $133.6 million for 2009. During 2009, other operating expenses increased $17.8 million, or 15.37%, over other operating expenses of $115.8 million for 2008.
 
For the most part, other operating expenses reflect the direct expenses and related administrative expenses associated with staffing, maintaining, promoting, and operating branch facilities. Our ability to control other operating expenses in relation to asset growth can be measured in terms of other operating expenses as a percentage of average assets. Operating expenses measured as a percentage of average assets was 2.49% for 2010, compared to 2.01% for 2009, and 1.81% for 2008.
 
Our ability to control other operating expenses in relation to the level of total revenue (net interest income plus other operating income) is measured by the efficiency ratio and indicates the percentage of net revenue that is used to cover expenses. For 2010, the efficiency ratio was 66.02%, compared to 59.95% for 2009 and 57.45% for 2008. The increase in 2010 is primarily due to increases in salaries and related expenses, professional services, OREO expenses, prepayment penalties on borrowings and other expenses as discussed below. The increase in 2009 is primarily due to increases in salaries and related expenses, OREO expenses, provision for unfunded commitments, prepayment penalties on borrowings and other expenses as discussed below.
 
Salaries and related expenses comprise the greatest portion of other operating expenses. Salaries and related expenses totaled $69.4 million for 2010. This represented an increase of $6.4 million, or 10.21%, over salaries and related expenses of $63.0 million for 2009. In 2009, salary and related expenses increased $1.7 million, or 2.80%, over salaries and related expenses of $61.3 million for 2008. The increase in salaries and related expenses in 2010 include SJB expenses for the full year, and only for the fourth quarter in 2009. At December 31, 2010, we employed 811 associates, 572 full-time and 239 part-time. This compares to 831 associates, 583 full-time and 248 part-time at December 31, 2009 and 778 associates, 540 full-time and 238 part-time at December 31, 2008. Salaries and related expenses as a percent of average assets increased to 1.03% for 2010, compared to 0.95% for 2009, and 0.96% for 2008.
 
Professional services totaled $13.3 million for 2010, $7.0 million for 2009, and $6.5 million for 2008. The 2010 increases were primarily due to increases in legal expenses for credit and collection issues, a Securities and


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Exchange Commission investigation and other litigation issues that the Company from time to time became involved in. See “Item 3 — Legal Proceedings”. The 2009 increases were primarily due to professional expenses incurred in conjunction with the SJB acquisition and credit collection issues.
 
Changes in the remaining other operating expenses from 2009 to 2010 were due to the following: (1) FDIC deposit insurance expense decreased by $1.3 million (2009 results included a $3.0 million FDIC special assessment), (2) an increase of $14.3 million was due to prepayment penalties on the prepayment of FHLB advances, (3) a decrease of $1.2 million in the provision for unfunded commitments, and (4) an increase of $6.3 million in OREO expense. The prepayment penalties were incurred to deleverage our balance sheet by prepaying debt with excess liquidity. OREO expense in 2010 included $4.1 million in write-downs on non-covered OREO, $1.9 million in write-downs on covered OREO and $1.5 million in maintenance expenses and property taxes related to OREO properties. The increase in other operating expenses of $17.1 million to 2009 from 2008 primarily due to the following: (1) an increase of $7.7 million was due to FDIC deposit insurance which includes a $3.0 million FDIC special assessment, (2) an increase of $4.4 million was due to prepayment penalties on the restructure of FHLB advances, (3) an increase of $2.5 million in the provision for unfunded commitments, and (4) an increase of $1.1 million in OREO expense.
 
Income Taxes
 
Our effective tax rate for 2010 was 27.44%, compared to 26.70% for 2009, and 26.44% for 2008. The effective tax rates are below the nominal combined Federal and State tax rates as a result of tax-preferenced income from certain investments and municipal loans and leases as a percentage of total income for each period.
 
RESULTS BY SEGMENT OPERATIONS
 
We have two reportable business segments, which are (i) Business Financial and Commercial Banking Centers and (ii) Treasury. The results of these two segments are included in the reconciliation between business segment totals and our consolidated total. Our business segments do not include the results of administration units that do not meet the definition of an operating segment.
 
Business Financial and Commercial Banking Centers
 
Key measures we use to evaluate the Business Financial and Commercial Banking Center’s performance are included in the following table for years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008. The table also provides additional significant segment measures useful to understanding the performance of this segment.
 
                         
    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (Dollars in thousands)  
 
Key Measures:
                       
Statement of Operations
                       
Interest income
  $ 242,087     $ 213,106     $ 189,128  
Interest expense
    34,181       40,987       52,140  
                         
Net interest income
  $ 207,906     $ 172,119     $ 136,988  
                         
Non-interest income
    23,204       19,537       21,593  
Non-interest expense
    51,922       47,860       48,108  
                         
Segment pretax profit
  $ 179,188     $ 143,796     $ 110,473  
                         
Balance Sheet
                       
Average loans
  $ 2,822,184     $ 2,701,921     $ 2,579,821  
Average interest-bearing deposits and customer repos
  $ 3,179,968     $ 2,670,312     $ 2,038,724  
Yield on loans
    5.91 %     5.77 %     6.18 %
Rate paid on deposits and customer repos
    0.71 %     1.06 %     1.71 %


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For the year ended December 31, 2010, segment profits increased by $35.4 million, or 24.61%, compared to the year ended December 31, 2009. This was primarily due to an increase in interest income of $29.0 million and a decrease in interest expense of $6.8 million. The increase in interest income includes a credit for funds provided which is eliminated in the consolidated total. The credit for funds provided increases as deposit balances increase. During 2010 average interest-bearing deposits and customer repurchase agreements increased $309.7 million, or 11.60%, compared to 2009. The decrease in interest expense is due to a decrease in rates paid on deposits offset by increases in average interest-bearing deposits and customer repurchase agreements.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, segment profits increased by $33.3 million, or 30.16%, compared to the year ended December 31, 2008. This was primarily due to an increase in interest income of $24.0 million plus a decrease in interest expense of $11.2 million. The increase in interest income includes a credit for funds provided which is eliminated in the consolidated total. The credit for funds provided increases as deposit balances increase. During 2009 average total interest-bearing deposits and customer repurchase agreements increased $631.6 million, or 30.98%, compared to 2008. The decrease in interest expense is due to a decrease in rates paid on deposits offset by increases in average interest-bearing deposits and customer repurchase agreements.
 
Treasury
 
Key measures we use to evaluate Treasury’s performance are included in the following table for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008. The table also provides additional significant segment measures useful to understand the performance of this segment.
 
                         
    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (Dollars in thousands)  
 
Key Measures:
                       
Statement of Operations
                       
Interest income
  $ 76,651     $ 104,778     $ 119,975  
Interest expense
    73,786       83,649       99,714  
                         
Net interest income
  $ 2,865     $ 21,129     $ 20,261  
                         
Non-interest income
    37,997       28,124       6  
Non-interest expense
    20,125       5,945       1,285  
                         
Segment pretax profit (loss)
  $ 20,737     $ 43,308     $ 18,982  
                         
Balance Sheet
                       
Average investments
  $ 2,128,310     $ 2,498,045     $ 2,532,750  
Average interest bearing deposits
    240,316       246,307       215,849  
Average borrowings
    796,321       1,367,620       2,111,670  
Yield on investments-TE
    4.35 %     4.98 %     5.23 %
Non-tax equivalent yield
    3.90 %     4.06 %     4.20 %
Rate paid on borrowings
    4.00 %     4.01 %     4.19 %
 
For the year ended December 31, 2010, Treasury segment profits decreased by $22.6 million from the same period in 2009. The decrease is due in part to the sale of investment securities in 2010 and reinvestment into instruments with lower interest rates, resulting in $28.1 million less interest income generated in 2010 compared to 2009. This was partially offset by a $9.9 million reduction in interest expense as average borrowings decreased by $443.6 million from 2009 to 2010. Net interest income decreased $18.3 million, or 86.44%, compared to 2009. The $38.9 million gain from the sale of investment securities helped to increase non-interest income by $9.8 million (from $28.1 million in 2009 to $38.0 million in 2010). However, this was partially offset by $18.7 million in prepayment penalties in 2010 non-interest expense.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2009, Treasury segment profits increased by $24.3 million over the same period in 2008. The increase is primarily due to the $28.4 million gain on sale of securities recognized during 2009, offset by the $4.4 million in prepayment penalties for the restructure of FHLB advances in 2009. Net interest


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income increased $868,000, or 4.28%, compared to 2008. The increase is due to a decrease of $16.1 million in interest expense, offset by a decrease of $15.2 million in interest income. During 2009, average investments and borrowings decreased coupled with decreases in interest rates.
 
There are no provisions for credit losses or taxes in the segments as these are accounted for at the Company level.
 
Other
 
                         
    For the Years Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (Dollars in thousands)  
 
Key Measures:
                       
Statement of Operations
                       
Interest income
  $ 99,268     $ 69,867     $ 50,279  
Interest expense
    50,722       40,851       13,849  
                         
Net interest income
  $ 48,546     $ 29,016     $ 36,430  
                         
Provision for Credit Losses
    61,200       80,500       26,600  
Non-interest income
    (4,087 )     33,410       12,858  
Non-interest expense
    96,445       79,781       66,395  
                         
Pre-tax loss
  $ (113,186 )   $ (97,855 )   $ (43,707 )
                         
Balance Sheet
                       
Average loans
  $ 1,085,929     $ 1,033,571     $ 926,689  
Average interest bearing deposits
    35,202       85,362       120,282  
Average borrowings
    120,055       120,055       120,055  
Yield on loans
    6.82 %     4.85 %     5.73 %
 
The Company’s administration and other operating departments reported pre-tax loss of $113.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010. This represented an increase of $15.3 million over pre-tax loss of $97.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The change includes a decrease in provision for credit losses of $19.3 million and an increase in non-interest expense of $16.7 million offset by a decrease in non-interest income of $37.5 million and an increase in net interest income of $19.5 million. Interest income in 2010 includes $26.7 million in accelerated accretion on SJB acquired loans. Pre-tax loss for 2009 increased $54.1 million to $97.9 million, or 124%, from pre-tax loss of $43.7 million for 2008. The increase was primarily due to a $53.9 million increase in the provision for credit losses.
 
ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
 
The Company reported total assets of $6.44 billion at December 31, 2010. This represented a decrease of $303.1 million, or 4.50%, from total assets of $6.74 billion at December 31, 2009. Total liabilities were $5.79 billion at December 31, 2010, a decrease of $308.7 million, or 5.06%, from total liabilities of $6.10 billion at December 31, 2009. Total equity increased $5.63 million, or 0.88%, to $643.9 million at December 31, 2010, compared to total equity of $638.2 million at December 31, 2009.
 
Investment Securities
 
The Company maintains a portfolio of investment securities to provide interest income and to serve as a source of liquidity for its ongoing operations. The tables below set forth information concerning the composition of the investment securities portfolio at December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008, and the maturity distribution of the investment securities portfolio at December 31, 2010. At December 31, 2010, we reported total investment securities of $1.79 billion. This represents a decrease of $317.6 million, or 15.04%, from total investment securities of $2.11 billion at December 31, 2009. During 2010 and 2009, we sold certain securities and recognized gains on sales of securities of $38.9 million and $28.4 million, respectively.
 
Securities held as “available-for-sale” are reported at current fair value for financial reporting purposes. The related unrealized gain or loss, net of income taxes, is recorded in stockholders’ equity. At December 31, 2010,


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securities held as available-for-sale had a fair value of $1.79 billion, representing 99.8% of total investment securities. Investment securities available-for-sale had an amortized cost of $1.78 billion at December 31, 2010. At December 31, 2010, the net unrealized holding gain on securities available-for-sale was $11.1 million that resulted in accumulated other comprehensive gain of $6.4 million (net of $4.7 million in deferred taxes). At December 31, 2010, the net unrealized holding loss on securities held to maturity was $401,000 that resulted in an accumulated other comprehensive loss of $233,000. The total net other comprehensive gain is $6.2 million.
 
Composition of the Fair Value of Securities Available-for-Sale:
 
                                                 
    At December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    Amount     Percent     Amount     Percent     Amount     Percent  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
U.S. Treasury Obligations
  $       0.00 %   $ 507       0.02 %   $       0.00 %
Government agency and government-sponsored enterprises
    106,273       5.93 %     21,713       1.03 %     27,778       1.11 %
Mortgage-backed securities
    808,409       45.12 %     647,168       30.70 %     1,184,485       47.51 %
CMO/REMICs
    270,477       15.10 %     773,165       36.67 %     596,791       23.93 %
Municipal bonds
    606,399       33.85 %     663,426       31.46 %     684,422       27.45 %
Other securities
          0.00 %     2,484       0.12 %           0.00 %
                                                 
TOTAL
  $ 1,791,558       100.00 %   $ 2,108,463       100.00 %   $ 2,493,476       100.00 %
                                                 
 
The maturity distribution of the available-for-sale portfolio at December 31, 2010 consists of the following:
 
                                                                                         
    Maturing  
          Weighted
    After One Year
    Weighted
    After Five
    Weighted
          Weighted
          Weighted
       
    One Year
    Average
    Through Five
    Average
    Years Through
    Average
    After Ten
    Average
    Balance as of
    Average
    % to
 
    or Less     Yield     Years     Yield     Ten Years     Yield     Years     Yield     December 31, 2010     Yield     Total  
 
Government agency and government-sponsored enterprises
  $ 33,909       1.30 %   $ 72,364       1.24 %   $       0.00 %   $       0.00 %   $ 106,273       1.26 %     5.93 %
Mortgage-backed securities
    34,635       3.65 %     715,650       2.93 %     58,124       4.57 %           0.00 %     808,409       3.08 %     45.12 %
CMO/REMICs
    14,835       4.60 %     218,371       2.79 %     37,271       4.56 %           0.00 %     270,477       3.13 %     15.10 %
Municipal bonds(1)
    34,315       4.21 %     228,619       3.78 %     163,831       3.78 %     179,634       4.06 %     606,399       3.89 %     33.85 %
                                                                                         
TOTAL
  $ 117,694       3.25 %   $ 1,235,004       2.96 %   $ 259,226       4.07 %   $ 179,634       4.06 %   $ 1,791,558       3.25 %     100.00 %
                                                                                         
 
 
(1) The weighted average yield is not tax-equivalent. The tax-equivalent yield is 4.35%.
 
The maturity of each security category is defined as the contractual maturity except for the categories of mortgage-backed securities and CMO/REMICs whose maturities are defined as the estimated average life. The final maturity of mortgage-backed securities and CMO/REMICs will differ from their contractual maturities because the underlying mortgages have the right to repay such obligations without penalty. The speed at which the underlying mortgages repay is influenced by many factors, one of which is interest rates. Mortgages tend to repay faster as interest rates fall and slower as interest rate rise. This will either shorten or extend the estimated average life. Also, the yield on mortgage-backed securities and CMO/REMICs are affected by the speed at which the underlying mortgages repay. This is caused by the change in the amount of amortization of premiums or accretion of discount of each security as repayments increase or decrease. The Company obtains the estimated average life of each security from independent third parties.
 
The weighted-average yield on the investment portfolio at December 31, 2010 was 3.25% with a weighted-average life of 4.6 years. This compares to a weighted-average yield of 4.41% at December 31, 2009 with a weighted-average life of 4.7 years. The weighted average life is the average number of years that each dollar of unpaid principal due remains outstanding. Average life is computed as the weighted-average time to the receipt of all future cash flows, using as the weights the dollar amounts of the principal pay-downs.


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Approximately 66% of the securities in the investment portfolio, at December 31, 2010, are issued by the U.S. government or U.S. government-sponsored agencies which guarantee payment of principal and interest. As of December 31, 2010, approximately $106.0 million in U.S. government agency bonds are callable.
 
As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company held investment securities in excess of ten-percent of shareholders’ equity from the following issuers:
 
Investment Portfolio by Major Issuers
 
                                 
    December 31, 2010   December 31, 2009
    Book Value   Market Value   Book Value   Market Value
        (Dollars in thousands)    
 
Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp
  $ 387,794     $ 391,189     $ 605,035     $ 621,672  
Federal National Mortgage Association
    756,659       762,372       727,568       742,786  
 
The following table presents municipal securities by the top five holdings by state:
 
Municipal Securities by Largest State Holdings
 
                                 
    December 31, 2010  
State
  Amortized Cost     Fair Value  
    (Dollars in thousands)  
 
New Jersey
  $ 90,211       14.9 %   $ 92,004       15.2 %
Illinois
    77,878       12.9 %     78,435       12.9 %
Michigan
    76,367       12.6 %     74,329       12.3 %
Washington
    42,591       7.0 %     42,787       7.1 %
California
    37,983       6.3 %     37,443       6.2 %
All Other States
    280,169       46.3 %     281,401       46.3 %
                                 
Total
  $ 605,199       100.0 %   $ 606,399       100.0 %
                                 
 
                                 
    December 31, 2009  
State
  Amortized Cost     Fair Value  
 
New Jersey
  $ 88,609       13.7 %   $ 91,479       13.8 %
Illinois
    89,078       13.8 %     90,910       13.7 %
Michigan
    80,875       12.5 %     80,585       12.1 %
Washington
    48,871       7.5 %     50,095       7.6 %
Texas
    42,978       6.6 %     43,862       6.6 %
All Other States
    297,145       45.9 %     306,495       46.2 %
                                 
Total
  $ 647,556       100.0 %   $ 663,426       100.0 %
                                 
 
Municipal securities held by the Bank are issued by various states and their various local municipalities.


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Composition of the Fair Value and Gross Unrealized Losses of Securities:
 
                                                 
    December 31, 2010  
    Less than 12 Months     12 Months or Longer     Total  
          Gross
          Gross
          Gross
 
          Unrealized
          Unrealized
          Unrealized
 
          Holding
          Holding
          Holding
 
Description of Securities
  Fair Value     Losses     Fair Value     Losses     Fair Value     Losses  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Held-To-Maturity
                                               
CMO(1)
  $     $     $ 3,143     $ 401     $ 3,143     $ 401  
                                                 
Available-for-Sale
                                               
Government agency
  $ 79,635     $ 214     $     $     $ 79,635     $ 214  
Mortgage-backed securities
    449,806       6,366                   449,806       6,366  
CMO/REMICs
    144,234       1,379                   144,234       1,379  
Municipal bonds
    225,928       8,844       5,585       899       231,513       9,743  
                                                 
    $ 899,603     $ 16,803     $ 5,585     $ 899     $ 905,188     $ 17,702  
                                                 
 
 
(1) For 2010, the Company recorded a $587,000 charge, on a pre-tax basis, of the non-credit portion of OTTI for this security in other comprehensive income, which is included as gross unrealized losses.
 
                                                 
    December 31, 2009  
    Less Than 12 Months     12 Months or Longer     Total  
          Gross
          Gross
          Gross
 
          Unrealized
          Unrealized
          Unrealized
 
          Holding
          Holding
          Holding
 
Description of Securities
  Fair Value     Losses     Fair Value     Losses     Fair Value     Losses  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Held-To-Maturity
                                               
CMO(2)
  $     $     $ 3,838     $ 1,671     $ 3,838     $ 1,671  
                                                 
Available-for-Sale
                                               
Government agency
  $ 5,022     $ 1     $     $     $ 5,022     $ 1  
Mortgage-backed securities
    73,086       968                   73,086       968  
CMO/REMICs
    179,391       3,025       9,640       286       189,031       3,311  
Municipal bonds
    80,403       2,122       1,785       298       82,188       2,420  
                                                 
    $ 337,902     $ 6,116     $ 11,425     $ 584     $ 349,327     $ 6,700  
                                                 
 
(2) For 2009, the Company recorded $1.7 million, on a pre-tax basis, of the non-credit portion of OTTI for this security in other comprehensive income, which is included as gross unrealized losses.
 
The tables above show the Company’s investment securities’ gross unrealized losses and fair value by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, at December 31, 2010 and 2009. The unrealized losses on these securities are primarily attributed to changes in interest rates. The issuers of these securities have not, to our knowledge, established any cause for default on these securities. These securities have fluctuated in value since their purchase dates as market rates have fluctuated. However, we have the ability and the intention to hold these securities until their fair values recover to cost or maturity. As such, management does not deem these securities to be other-than-temporarily-impaired except for one bond held to maturity described below. A summary of our analysis of these securities and the unrealized losses is described more fully in Note 3 — Investment Securities in the notes to the consolidated financial statements. Economic trends may adversely affect the value of the portfolio of investment securities that we hold.
 
During 2010, the Company recognized an other-than-temporary impairment on the held-to-maturity investment security. The total impairment of $317,000 plus $587,000 for the non-credit portion reclassified from other comprehensive income for a $904,000 net impairment loss charged to other operating income.


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Non-Covered Loans
 
At December 31, 2010, the Company reported total non-covered loans, net of deferred loan fees, of $3.37 billion. This represents a decrease of $234.7 million, or 6.51% from gross non-covered loans, net of deferred loan fees of $3.61 billion at December 31, 2009. The loan portfolio was affected by real estate trends, diminished loan demand and the weakening of the economy.
 
Table 4 presents the distribution of our non-covered loans at the dates indicated.
 
TABLE 4 — Distribution of Loan Portfolio by Type
(Non-Covered Loans)
 
                                         
    December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Commercial and Industrial
  $ 460,399     $ 413,715     $ 370,829     $ 365,214     $ 264,416  
Real Estate
                                       
Construction
    138,980       265,444       351,543       308,354       299,112  
Commercial Real Estate
    1,980,256       1,989,644       1,945,706       1,805,946       1,642,370  
SFR Mortgage
    218,467       265,543       333,931       365,849       284,725  
Consumer, net of unearned discount
    56,747       67,693       66,255       58,999       54,125  
Municipal Lease Finance Receivables
    128,552       159,582       172,973       156,646       126,393  
Auto and equipment leases
    17,982       30,337       45,465       58,505       51,420  
Dairy and Livestock/Agribusiness
    377,829       422,958       459,329       387,488       358,259  
                                         
Gross Loans (Non-Covered)
    3,379,212       3,614,916       3,746,031       3,507,001       3,080,820  
Less:
                                       
Allowance for Credit Losses
    105,259       108,924       53,960       33,049       27,737  
Deferred Loan Fees
    5,484       6,537       9,193       11,857       10,624  
                                         
Total Net Loans (Non-Covered)
  $ 3,268,469     $ 3,499,455     $ 3,682,878     $ 3,462,095     $ 3,042,459  
                                         
 
Commercial and industrial loans are loans to commercial entities to finance capital purchases or improvements, or to provide cash flow for operations. Real estate loans are loans secured by conforming first trust deeds on real property, including property under construction, land development, commercial property and single- family and multifamily residences. Consumer loans include installment loans to consumers as well as home equity loans and other loans secured by junior liens on real property. Municipal lease finance receivables are leases to municipalities. Dairy, livestock and agribusiness loans are loans to finance the operating needs of wholesale dairy farm operations, cattle feeders, livestock raisers, and farmers.
 
Our loan portfolio is primarily located throughout our marketplace. The following is the breakdown of our total non-covered loans and non-covered commercial real estate loans by region at December 31, 2010.
 
                                 
    December 31, 2010  
          Non-Covered
 
Non-Covered
  Total Non-
    Commercial
 
Loans by Market Area
  Covered Loans     Real Estate Loans  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Los Angeles County
  $ 1,115,155       33.0 %   $ 703,400       35.5 %
Inland Empire
    706,447       20.9 %     581,132       29.3 %
Central Valley
    613,023       18.1 %     330,419       16.7 %
Orange County
    502,346       14.9 %     190,091       9.6 %
Other Areas
    442,241       13.1 %     175,214       8.9 %
                                 
    $ 3,379,212       100.0 %   $ 1,980,256       100.0 %
                                 


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Of particular concern in the current credit and economic environments is our real estate and real estate construction loans. Our real estate loans are comprised of single-family residences, multifamily residences, industrial, office and retail. We strive to have an original loan-to-value ratio of 65-75%. This table breaks down our real estate portfolio, with the exception of construction loans which are addressed in a separate table.
 
                                 
    December 31, 2010  
                Percent
    Average
 
                Owner-
    Loan
 
Non-Covered Real Estate Loans
  Loan Balance     Percent     Occupied(1)     Balance  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Single Family-Direct
  $ 48,271       2.2 %     100.0 %   $ 363  
Single Family-Mortgage Pools
    170,196       7.7 %     100.0 %     322  
Multifamily
    114,739       5.2 %     0.0 %     1,053  
Industrial
    624,908       28.4 %     37.1 %     857  
Office
    374,353       17.0 %     25.2 %     988  
Retail
    272,036       12.4 %     11.8 %     1,188  
Medical
    142,742       6.5 %     38.1 %     1,854  
Secured by Farmland
    161,888       7.4 %     100.0 %     2,102  
Other
    289,590       13.2 %     49.1 %     1,154  
                                 
    $ 2,198,723       100.0 %     42.5 %     875  
                                 
 
 
(1) Represents percentage of owner-occupied in each real estate loan category
 
In the table above, Single Family-Direct represents those single-family residence loans that we have made directly to our customers. These loans total $48.3 million. In addition, we have purchased pools of owner-occupied single-family loans from real estate lenders, Single Family-Mortgage Pools, totaling $170.2 million. These loans were purchased with average FICO scores predominantly ranging from 700 to over 800 and overall original loan-to-value ratios of 60% to 80%. These pools were purchased to diversify our loan portfolio since we make few single-family loans. Due to market conditions, we have not purchased any mortgage pools since August 2007.
 
As of December 31, 2010, the Company had $139.0 million in non-covered construction loans. This represents 4.11% of total non-covered loans outstanding of $3.38 billion. Of this $139.0 million in construction loans, approximately 12%, or $16.8 million, were for single-family residences, residential land loans, and multi-family land development loans. The remaining construction loans, totaling $122.2 million, were related to commercial construction. The average balance of any single construction loan is approximately $3.0 million. Our construction loans are located throughout our marketplace as can be seen in the following table.
 
                                                 
    December 31, 2010  
    SFR & Multifamily  
Non-Covered
  Land
             
Construction Loans
  Development     Construction     Total  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Inland Empire
  $ 93       2.6 %   $       0.0 %   $ 93       0.6 %
Los Angeles
          0.0 %     10,441       78.8 %     10,441       62.0 %
Central Valley
    1,080       30.2 %     265       2.0 %     1,345       8.0 %
San Diego
    2,407       67.2 %     2,541       19.2 %     4,948       29.4 %
                                                 
    $ 3,580       100.0 %   $ 13,247       100.0 %   $ 16,827       100.0 %
                                                 
Total Non-Performing
  $ 2,434       68.0 %   $       0.0 %   $ 2,434       14.5 %
                                                 
 


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    Commercial  
    Land
             
    Development     Construction     Total  
 
Inland Empire
  $ 12,379       42.9 %   $ 40,714       43.6 %   $ 53,093       43.5 %
Los Angeles
    1,560       5.4 %     32,104       34.4 %     33,664       27.5 %
Central Valley
    7,923       27.5 %     6,829       7.3 %     14,752       12.1 %
Other (includes out-of-state)
    6,977       24.2 %     13,667       14.7 %     20,644       16.9 %
                                                 
    $ 28,839       100.0 %   $ 93,314       100.0 %   $ 122,153       100.0 %
                                                 
Total Non-Performing
  $ 26,599       92.2 %   $ 33,992       36.4 %   $ 60,591       49.6 %
                                                 
 
Of the total SFR and multifamily loans, $9.9 million are for multifamily and the remainder represents single-family loans.
 
Covered Loans from the SJB Acquisition
 
These covered loans were acquired from SJB on October 16, 2009 and are subject to a loss sharing agreement with the FDIC, the terms of which provide that the FDIC will absorb 80% of losses and share in 80% of loss recoveries up to $144.0 million with respect to covered assets, after a first loss amount of $26.7 million, which is assumed by the Bank. The FDIC will reimburse the Bank for 95% of losses and share in 95% of loss recoveries in excess of $144.0 million with respect to covered assets. The loss sharing agreement is in effect for 5 years for commercial loans and 10 years for single-family residential loans from the October 16, 2009 acquisition date and the loss recovery provisions are in effect for 8 and 10 years, respectively for commercial and single-family residential loans from the acquisition date.
 
The SJB loan portfolio included unfunded commitments for commercial lines or credit, construction draws and other lending activity. The total commitment outstanding as of the acquisition date is included under the shared-loss agreement. As such, any additional advances up to the total commitment outstanding at the time of acquisition are covered loans.
 
Covered loans acquired will continue to be subject to our credit review and monitoring. If deterioration is experienced subsequent to the October 16, 2009 acquisition fair value amount, such deterioration will be in our loan loss methodology and a provision for credit losses will be charged to earnings with a partially offsetting other operating income item reflecting the increase to the FDIC loss sharing asset.
 
The table below presents the distribution of our covered loans as of December 31, 2010 and 2009.
 
                                 
    December 31,
    December 31,
 
Distribution of Loan Portfolio by Type (Covered Loans)
  2010     2009  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Commercial and Industrial
  $ 39,587       8.1 %   $ 61,802       9.4 %
Real Estate
                               
Construction
    84,498       17.3 %     136,065       20.8 %
Commercial Real Estate
    292,014       59.7 %     357,140       54.4 %
SFR Mortgage
    5,858       1.2 %     17,510       2.7 %
Consumer, net of unearned discount
    10,624       2.2 %     11,066       1.7 %
Municipal Lease Finance Receivables
    576       0.1 %     983       0.2 %
Dairy, Livestock and Agribusiness
    55,618       11.4 %     70,493       10.8 %
                                 
Gross Loans
    488,775       100.0 %     655,059       100.0 %
                                 
Less:
                               
Purchased accounting discount
    114,763               184,419          
Deferred Loan Fees
    0               6          
                                 
Net Valuation of Loans
  $ 374,012             $ 470,634          
                                 

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The excess of cash flows expected to be collected over the initial fair value of acquired loans is referred to as the accretable yield and is accreted into interest income over the estimated life of the acquired loans using the effective yield method. The accretable yield will change due to:
 
  •  estimate of the remaining life of acquired loans which may change the amount of future interest income;
 
  •  estimate of the amount of contractually required principal and interest payments over the estimated life that will not be collected (the nonaccretable difference); and
 
  •  indices for acquired loans with variable rates of interest.
 
Non-Covered and Covered Loans
 
Table 5 provides the maturity distribution for commercial and industrial loans, real estate construction loans and dairy and livestock/agribusiness loans as of December 31, 2010. The loan amounts are based on contractual maturities although the borrowers have the ability to prepay the loans. Amounts are also classified according to re-pricing opportunities or rate sensitivity. The following table includes both covered and non-covered loans.
 
TABLE 5 — Loan Maturities and Interest Rate Category at December 31, 2010
 
                                 
          After One
             
          But
             
    Within
    Within
    After
       
    One Year     Five Years     Five Years     Total  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Types of Loans:
                               
Commercial and industrial
  $ 200,173     $ 125,416     $ 174,397     $ 499,986  
Commercial Real Estate
    173,076       595,342       1,503,852       2,272,270  
Construction
    174,412       34,907       14,159       223,478  
Dairy and Livestock/Agribusiness
    390,528       18,842       24,077       433,447  
Other
    27,353       58,399       353,054       438,806  
                                 
    $ 965,542     $ 832,906     $ 2,069,539     $ 3,867,987  
                                 
Amount of Loans based upon:
                               
Fixed Rates
  $ 48,957     $ 353,694     $ 961,904     $ 1,364,555  
Floating or adjustable rates
    916,585       479,212       1,107,635       2,503,432  
                                 
    $ 965,542     $ 832,906     $ 2,069,539     $ 3,867,987  
                                 
 
As a normal practice in extending credit for commercial and industrial purposes, we may accept trust deeds on real property as collateral. In some cases, when the primary source of repayment for the loan is anticipated to come from the cash flow from normal operations of the borrower, real property as collateral is not the primary source of repayment but has been taken as an abundance of caution. In these cases, the real property is considered a secondary source of repayment for the loan. Since we lend primarily in Southern and Central California, our real estate loan collateral is concentrated in this region. At December 31, 2010, substantially all of our loans secured by real estate were collateralized by properties located in California. This concentration is considered when determining the adequacy of our allowance for credit losses.


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Non-Performing Assets (Non-Covered)
 
The following table provides information on non-covered non-performing assets at the dates indicated.
 
TABLE 6 — Non-Performing Assets, Non-Covered
 
                                         
    December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (Amounts in thousands)  
 
Nonaccrual loans
  $ 84,050     $ 68,762     $ 17,684     $ 1,435     $  
Restructured loans (non-performing)
    72,970       1,017                    
Other real estate owned (OREO)
    5,290       3,936       6,565              
                                         
Total nonperforming assets
  $ 162,310     $ 73,715     $ 24,249     $ 1,435     $  
                                         
Restructured performing loans
  $ 13,274     $ 2,500     $ 2,500     $     $  
                                         
Percentage of nonperforming assets to total non-covered loans outstanding & OREO
    4.80 %     2.04 %     0.65 %     0.04 %     0.00 %
                                         
Percentage of nonperforming assets to total assets
    2.52 %     1.09 %     0.36 %     0.02 %     0.00 %
                                         
 
Non-covered non-performing assets include OREO, non-accrual loans, and loans 90 days or more past due and still accruing interest (see “Risk Management — Credit Risk” herein). Loans are put on non-accrual after 90 days of non-performance. They can also be put on non-accrual if, in the judgment of management, the collectability is doubtful. All accrued and unpaid interest is reversed. The Bank allocates specific reserves which are included in the allowance for credit losses for expected losses on non-accrual loans. There were no loans greater than 90 days past due still accruing. At December 31, 2010, we had $162.3 million in non-covered, non-performing assets, an increase of $88.6 million, when compared to non-covered, non-performing assets of $73.7 million at December 31, 2009. The increase is primarily due to our largest borrowing relationship totaling $46.8 million and $41.8 million primarily representing other commercial real estate and commercial construction loans.
 
At December 31, 2010, we had loans with a balance of $170.3 million classified as impaired. A loan is impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that a creditor will be unable to collect all amounts (contractual interest and principal) according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Impaired loans include non-accrual loans of $157.0 million and five performing restructured loans with a balance of $13.3 million as of December 31, 2010. A restructured loan is a loan on which terms or conditions have been modified due to the deterioration of the borrower’s financial condition and a concession has been provided to the borrower. A performing restructured loan is reasonably assured of repayment, is performing according to the modified terms and the restructured loan is well secured. At December 31, 2009 we had loans with a balance of $72.3 million classified as impaired, representing non-accrual loans of $68.8 million, non-performing restructured loans of $1.0 million, and one performing restructured loan of $2.5 million.
 
At December 31, 2010, we held $5.3 million in non-covered OREO compared to $3.9 million as of December 31, 2009, an increase of $1.4 million. This was primarily due to the sale of $11.5 million in OREO during 2010 and write-downs of OREO of $4.1 million offset by a transfer in of $17.0 million from non-performing loans during 2010. At December 31, 2010, we held $11.3 million in covered OREO compared to $5.6 million as of December 31, 2009, an increase of $5.7 million. This was primarily due to the sale of $5.5 million in covered OREO during 2010 and write-downs of covered OREO of $1.9 million, offset by a transfer in of $13.1 million from covered loans during 2010.
 
At December 31, 2009, we held $3.9 million in non-covered OREO compared to $6.6 million as of December 31, 2008, a decrease of $2.7 million. This was primarily due to the sale of $13.4 million in OREO during 2009 offset by a transfer of $11.7 million from non-performing loans during 2009. The Bank incurred expenses of $1.2 million related to the holding of OREO in 2009.


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Non-Performing Assets and Delinquencies (Non-Covered)
 
The table below provides trends in our non-performing assets and delinquencies during 2010 for total, covered and non-covered loans.
 
Non-Performing Assets & Delinquency Trends
(Non-Covered Loans)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
                                         
    December 31,
    September 30,
    June 30,
    March 31,
    December 31,
 
    2010     2010     2010     2010     2009  
 
Non-Performing Loans
                                       
Residential Construction and Land
  $ 4,090     $ 5,085     $ 2,789     $ 2,855     $ 13,843  
Commercial Construction
    60,591       71,428       39,114       31,216       23,832  
Residential Mortgage
    17,800       14,543       12,638       13,726       11,787  
Commercial Real Estate
    64,859       56,330       20,639       22,041       17,129  
Commercial and Industrial
    3,936       6,067       7,527       6,879       3,173  
Dairy & Livestock
    5,207       5,176                    
Consumer
    537       242       143       123       15  
                                         
Total
  $ 157,020     $ 158,871     $ 82,850     $ 76,840     $ 69,779  
                                         
% of Total Non-Covered Loans
    4.65 %     4.65 %     2.36 %     2.19 %     1.93 %
Past Due 30-89 Days
                                       
Residential Construction and Land
  $     $     $     $     $  
Commercial Construction
                9,093       8,143        
Residential Mortgage
    2,597       2,779       2,552       3,746       4,921  
Commercial Real Estate
    3,194       1,234       1,966       3,286       2,407  
Commercial and Industrial
    3,320       2,333       634       2,714       2,973  
Dairy & Livestock
          1,406                    
Consumer
    29       494       139       28       239  
                                         
Total
  $ 9,140     $ 8,246     $ 14,384     $ 17,917     $ 10,540  
                                         
% of Total Non-Covered Loans
    0.27 %     0.24 %     0.41 %     0.51 %     0.29 %
OREO
                                       
Residential Construction and Land
  $     $ 11,113     $ 11,113     $ 11,113     $  
Commercial Construction
    2,708       2,709                    
Commercial Real Estate
    2,582       3,220       3,220       3,746       3,936  
Commercial and Industrial
                668              
Residential Mortgage
          345             319        
Consumer
                             
                                         
Total
  $ 5,290     $ 17,387     $ 15,001     $ 15,178     $ 3,936  
                                         
Total Non-Performing, Past Due & OREO
  $ 171,450     $ 184,504     $ 112,235     $ 109,935     $ 84,255  
                                         
% of Total Non-Covered Loans
    5.08 %     5.40 %     3.20 %     3.13 %     2.33 %
                                         
 
We had $157.0 million in non-performing, non-covered loans, or 4.65% of total non-covered loans at December 31, 2010. This compares to $158.9 million in non-performing loans at September 30, 2010, $82.9 million in non-performing loans at June 30, 2010, $76.8 million in non-performing loans at March 31, 2010, and $69.8 million in non-performing loans at December 31, 2009. At December 31, 2010, non-performing loans consist of $4.1 million in residential real estate construction and land loans, $60.6 million in commercial


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construction loans, $17.8 million in single-family mortgage loans, $64.9 million in commercial real estate loans, $5.2 million in dairy, livestock and agribusiness loans, $3.9 million in other commercial loans and $537,000 in consumer loans.
 
Loans acquired through the SJB acquisition, which are contractually past due, are considered accruing and performing as the loans accrete interest income from the purchase accounting discount over the estimated life of the loan when cash flows are reasonably estimable. We have $132.4 million in gross loans acquired from SJB which are contractually past due and would normally be reported as nonaccrual. These loans have a carrying value, net of purchase discount, of $53.1 million. We have loans acquired from SJB delinquent 30-89 days with a gross balance of $661,000 and carrying value, net of purchase discount, of $79,000.
 
The economic downturn has had an impact on our market area and on our loan portfolio. The dairy industry and the commercial real estate industry are under stress. We continually monitor these conditions in determining our estimates of needed reserves. We can anticipate that there will be some losses in the loan portfolio given the current state of the economy. However, we cannot predict the extent to which the deterioration in general economic conditions, real estate values, increase in general rates of interest, change in the financial conditions or business of a borrower may adversely affect a borrower’s ability to pay. See “Risk Management — Credit Risk” herein.
 
Deposits
 
The primary source of funds to support earning assets (loans and investments) is the generation of deposits from our customer base. The ability to grow the customer base and deposits from these customers are crucial elements in the performance of the Company.
 
We reported total deposits of $4.52 billion at December 31, 2010. This represented an increase of $80.2 million, or 1.81%, over total deposits of $4.44 billion at December 31, 2009. This increase was due to organic growth primarily from our Specialty Banking Group and Commercial Banking Centers. The average balance of deposits by category and the average effective interest rates paid on deposits is summarized for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 in the table below.
 
                                                 
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    Average     Average     Average  
    Balance     Rate     Balance     Rate     Balance     Rate  
    (Amount in thousands)  
 
Non-interest bearing deposits
                                               
Demand deposits
  $ 1,669,611           $ 1,431,204           $ 1,268,548        
Interest bearing deposits
                                               
Investment Checking
    427,016       0.27 %     403,092       0.41 %     341,254       0.73 %
Money Market
    1,015,396       0.72 %     816,199       0.98 %     780,997       1.71 %
Savings
    256,216       0.58 %     147,065       0.49 %     116,559       0.47 %
Time deposits
    1,188,878       0.70 %     1,195,378       1.22 %     769,827       2.52 %
                                                 
Total deposits
  $ 4,557,117             $ 3,992,938             $ 3,277,185          
                                                 
 
The amount of non-interest-bearing demand deposits in relation to total deposits is an integral element in achieving a low cost of funds. Non-interest-bearing deposits represented 37.65% of total deposits as of December 31, 2010 and 35.19% of total deposits as of December 31, 2009. Non-interest-bearing demand deposits totaled $1.70 billion at December 31, 2010. This represented an increase of $139.5 million, or 8.93%, over total non-interest-bearing demand deposits of $1.56 billion at December 31, 2009.
 
Table 7 provides the remaining maturities of large denomination ($100,000 or more) time deposits, including public funds, at December 31, 2010.


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Table 7 — Maturity Distribution of Large Denomination Time Deposits
 
         
    (Amount in thousands)  
 
3 months or less
  $ 669,224  
Over 3 months through 6 months
    216,311  
Over 6 months through 12 months
    73,023  
Over 12 months
    13,849  
         
Total
  $ 972,407  
         
 
Other Borrowed Funds
 
To achieve the desired growth in earning assets we fund that growth through the sourcing of funds. The first source of funds we pursue is non-interest-bearing deposits (the lowest cost of funds to the Company), next we pursue growth in interest-bearing deposits and finally we supplement the growth in deposits with borrowed funds. Borrowed funds, as a percent of total funding (total deposits plus demand notes plus borrowed funds), was 19.51% at December 31, 2010, as compared to 25.14% at December 31, 2009.
 
At December 31, 2010, borrowed funds totaled $1.10 billion. This represented a decrease of $393.2 million, or 26.38%, from total borrowed funds of $1.49 billion at December 31, 2009. As a result of the increase in deposits of $80.2 million and net decrease in investment securities of $317.6 million, it was possible for us to reduce our reliance on borrowings. During 2010, we prepaid a $250.0 million structured repurchase agreement with an interest rate of 4.95% and a $100.0 million FHLB advance with an interest rate of 3.21%. These transactions resulted in an $18.7 million prepayment charge recorded in other operating expense. In addition, a $100 million FHLB advance matured and was not replaced.
 
During 2009, we restructured a $300 million advance by paying-off $100 million and extended the maturity of $200 million for seven years at a 4.52% fixed rate. Imbedded in this fixed rate is a rate cap protecting an additional $200 million of interest rate risk. We also prepaid another $100 million advance. The prepayment penalty for the two $100 million advances was $4.4 million, which was recognized in other operating expenses. The prepayment penalty on the $200 million restructured advance was $1.9 million and will be amortized to interest expense over the next seven years. The maximum outstanding borrowings at any month-end were $1.55 billion during 2010 and $2.34 billion during 2009.
 
We have borrowing agreements with the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB). As of December 31, 2010 we had $548.4 million under these agreements and $748.1 million as of December 31, 2009. FHLB held certain investment securities and loans of the Bank as collateral for those borrowings.
 
In November 2006, we began a repurchase agreement product with our customers. This product, known as Citizens Sweep Manager, sells our securities overnight to our customers under an agreement to repurchase them the next day. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, total funds borrowed under these agreements were $542.2 million and $485.1 million, respectively.


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The following table summarizes these borrowings:
 
                 
    Repurchase
    FHLB
 
    Agreements     Borrowings  
    (Dollars in thousands)  
 
At December 31, 2010
               
Amount outstanding
  $ 542,188     $ 548,390  
Weighted-average interest rate
    0.55 %     3.71 %
For the year ended December 31, 2010
               
Highest amount at month-end
  $ 594,661     $ 998,141  
Daily-average amount outstanding
  $ 567,980     $ 790,590  
Weighted-average interest rate
    0.78 %     4.02 %
At December 31, 2009
               
Amount outstanding
  $ 485,132     $ 998,118  
Weighted-average interest rate
    0.95 %     3.81 %
For the year ended December 31, 2009
               
Highest amount at month-end
  $ 485,132     $ 1,857,000  
Daily-average amount outstanding
  $ 440,248     $ 1,358,365  
Weighted-average interest rate
    1.07 %     4.03 %
 
The Bank acquired subordinated debt of $5.0 million from the acquisition of FCB in June 2007 which is included in borrowings in Item 15 — Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules. The debt has a variable interest rate which resets quarterly at three-month LIBOR plus 1.65%. The debt matures on January 7, 2016, but becomes callable on January 7, 2011.
 
Aggregate Contractual Obligations
 
The following table summarizes the aggregate contractual obligations as of December 31, 2010:
 
                                         
          Maturity by Period  
          Less Than
    One Year
    Four Year
    After
 
          One
    to Three
    to Five
    Five
 
    Total     Year     Years     Years     Years